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Excelentz'simo Seiktor Presidente
Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Cianal Zo48
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cent each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made pi able to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box 5084, C~r;,r:bil C. Z.
Editorial oakesa are located in the Admlinistration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
lit Father's Footsteps
WHEN Dow ROBERTO F. CHI-ARI succeeded Don Ernesto de la Guardia,
Jr., as President of the Republic of Panama on October ~1, he became the
second man in the nation's history to follow a fSather'sfootsteps to the
The new occupant of the nation's highest office previously had served
five days as President, from November 20 to' 24, 1949; but this .is his
first time to serve as elective head of. the country.
President Chiari's father, the late Don Rodolfo Chiari, served as
President on three different occasions, twice for brief periods and the
third time, from October 1, 1924, uritil September 30, 1928, as an
Only previous father and son to occupy the Presidencia were the late
Don Federico Boyd, who served for five days in October 1910, and his
son, the late Dr. Augusto Boyd, who served from December 18, 1939,
to September 30, 1940. Neither of them was elected to the office,
however, thus President Chiari and his father are the only father and
son ever to have won the office at the ballot box.
Posing in front of the waterfront statue of Vasco Nifiez de Balboa
a few days before his inauguration for the photograph which appears
on the front of this month's PANAMA CANAL REVIEw, the new President
extended warm personal greetings to residents of the Canal Zone.
To Increase Canal Capacity . -3
Proudly They Wave. . 5
New Phone Syitein To Make Cables Passi .. 6
Discards Can Be Objects Of Beauty. 8
One-Step, Two-Step, Three-Step, Four: 10
Toward AHealthier Economy.. .' 12
W. A. CARTER, Governor-President
JonN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant Governor
Panama Canal Information Officer
N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor
EUNICE RICHARD and TomI BITTEL
WILLIAM BURNS Official Photographer
THE CIRCULAR PLAZA above which ithe flags of Pan-
ama and the United States flutter daily in the Canal
Zone breeze has aroused considerable discussion
among ainateur protocol
officers in the Zone. "You
have to establish an arbi-
trary section and designate
t1.at as the front," one
s icl. Manyi) who raised the
matter wondered which-
: flag wYould fly on the right
;s pole ancld'\hich would fly
T~r on the ilft. This question
j/jl is closely akin to that com-
ji i1nion query of tourists visit-
.ing. the Locks: "Which.
ocean is~higher, the At-
lanltie or Pacific?" Because
_the plaza is circular, right and left ar~e determined by
where the observer happens to be standing. For an
account of the .flag-raising and a previously un-
published photograph of the event, turn to page 5.
THIS SCREEN-LUICE reflector high on the top of Sosa
Hill bears little resemblance to, thec gr een side cushion
of a billiard table, but it' Is designed to perform a
:fun-ction which is very
'similar. As part of the ra-
system now~i being instal-
led, this rrecetor will be
directing: hundreds of si-
lent bankk shots" every
day. It's tall in the interest
of- rore intelligible tele~-
phone conversations across
the Isthmus For an ex-
.. planation of how the new
Ssjtem \\till operate and of
Swhiat w~ill happen to your
conversationn when it goes
into operation, probably before the end of the year,
open your copy of THE, REVIEW to pages 6 and 7.
The Canal's Realistic Dreamers ..
Worth Knowing ... .
Troublemakers Of The Deep .
Care Of Appliances= Money In The Bank .
Promotions And Transfers ..
Canal History; : '~.: .
OCTOBEn 7, 1960
In This 1ssue
I_ ~~___ ___ ___ ~ LUY--YI-
CANAL- OFFICIALS AND four'Statesjide
consultants are preparing :plaiiS to re-
duce the time a ~Lock lane is out of
service for routine overhaul of the miter
gates and chamber installations and to
cut the frequency of such overhauls.
Goal of the planners is to limit outae e
time on any lane of Locks to just one
day for a routine overhaul, compared
ivith an average of 35 days per overhaul
in the past.
The overhaul at Gatun Locks in Jan-
uar will proceed ats previously planned,
wihthe floating; crane Hercules lifting
the gates from their pintles and placing
them on concrete blocks in the upper
west chamber, which then will be
drained and the overhaul work done on
the gates. This is the same procedure as
was -followved in a successful experi-
mental overhaul at Gatun in the spring
This change in procedure provides
considerable saving in time over pre-
vious overhaul methods, but the Lock
lane must be out of service 15 to 20
.days. This temporary reduction in Canal
capacity is no longer acceptable. Hence
the plans now being made to reduce
.outage time and number of overhauls.
The new overhaul method will re-
quire the lane to be out of service only
for the time required to remove the
galtes-usingi the Hercules and pontoons
fastened to the gates themselves-and
replace them with others. Once re-
moved, the gates will be floated to the
Industrial Division drydocks, where the
actual overhaul work on them will be
done. The wall reaction castings and
pintles in the Lock chambers will be
overhauled from behind special caissons
placed against the Lock walls after the
gates have been removed. The caissons
will be small enough to permit use of
-the lane while they are in place.
Preparatory wNork necessary before
the new procedures can be used will
require a number of lane outages. Ten-
tative plans call for this work to be done
in time to have everything in readiness
for the normal overhaul of the Pacific
Lock miter gates scheduled for 1963.
The four consultants from the United
States visited the Isthmus recently and
Canal's 2ii0-ton floating crane Hercules pits its strength against massive weight of miter
gate during experimental Lock overhaul which helped prove feasibility of new methods.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
'To Increase Canal Capacity
Traditional overhaul of Locks to be history
after plans now being made are put into effect
inet with Presidient Wj~. A. Carter and
other Company officials to discuss the
problems involved in the new proce-
d~ures and to present some tentative sug-
gestions on how the necessary modifica-
tions can be made with a minimum of
outage time in the Locks. Canal officials
are awaiting written recommendations
from the consultants before procereding
to finalize the plans.
Some of the major modifications suLg-
gested by the consultants include in-
stallation of new and larger pintles,
bearing plates of a different steel alloy,
new protective coatings for the gates,
and a more extensive cathodic protec-
tion system against the destructive
effects of electrolysis. All- the changes
are aimed at making the gate-changing
procedure somewhat simpler than it
ottherwise would be and at the same
time increasing the interval between
The modifications to be made during
the next few years will be scheduled in
such a way as to hold outages resulting
from them to a minimum. Part of the
modification work wiill be done without
draining the Lock chambers, but some
of it will require that the chambers be
emptied. Once the modifications are
completed and the chambers refilled,
the Locks will not be drained again for
routine overhauls for many years-
With the Canal now being used by
upward of 12,000 ships per year, it is
essential that both lanes be used to the
fullest extent possible at all times,
Several of the recommendations in the
"Report On A Long-Range Program For
Isthmian Canal Transits," recently su~ib-
mitted to the House of Representatives,
dealt with the problem of increasing
Gov. W. A. Carter heads recent meeting of Canal officials and Stateside consultants
working on planning for Lock overhaul changes and related modifications of gates, chambers.
the capacity of, the present Canal to
meet the increasing demands of world
One of those recommendations was
aimed directly at the problem of outages
caused by Locks overhaul. That recom-
mendation said: "Effective two-lane op-
eration should be provided by aug-
menting the :hydraulic and other Lock
machinery and by improving the Lock
overhaul and ship scheduling proce-
dures." The planning inow being done
would implement a lage part of, that
The Stateside experts who met re-
cently with President Carter and other
Canal offieals concerned with.the Lock
overhaul planning are: Maurice Quade,
senior; partner in the firm of Parsons,
Brinkerhoff, Quade & Douglas of New
York Gity, consultants to the Panama
Canal. Co. on its long-range Canal study;
F. Stewart Brown, Chief of the En-
gineering Division, U. S. Army En-
gineers, North Pacific, Portland, Oreg.;
Edward Soucek, Chief of the Civil De-
sign Branch of the Omaha Army En-
gineer District, and James E. Reeves,
Test Manager at the Atomic Energy
Commission Operations Office in Albu-
querque, N. M. Mr. Brown, Mr. Soucek,
and Mr. Reeves all were formerly with
the Canal's Special Engineering Divi-
sion engaged in Canal studies in 1946.
Roy C. Stockhiam, Chief,. Locks Division, discusses some of the
changes to: be made in the pintles which support, miter gates.
Lt. Col. Robert D. Br~own, ;Tr.; 'Director, Engineering and Con-
struction Bureau; Maurice Quade, consultant; Capt. WV. C. Hughes,
Jr., Director, Marine Bureau, and R. C. Stockman, Chief, Locks Di-
vision, examine photos of experimental overhaul at Gatun in 1959.
... OCTOBER 7, 1960
TwO WHITE-GLOVED Canal Zone police-
men hoisted the flags of Panama and
the United States sride by side in the
Canal Zone a few minutes after 10 a.m.,
September 21, implementing a decision
announced by President Dwight D.
Eisenhower at the White House exactly
four days earlier.
Thus, the Panama flag, which through
the years has been displayed alongside
the Stars and Stripes in the Canal Zone
at a number of locations, including some
churches and schools, and at special
community programs, took its place at
a central location, where it will fly daily.
As the two ~flags fluttered toward the
top of the twin, 40-foot flagpoles mna
special plaza in Shaler Triangle, the
Panama National Anthem and the Star-
Spangled Banner were played, the first
by the Panama National Guard Band
and the second by the 79th U.S. Army
Te actual fg-raismng,. iesse b
several thousand Canal Zone and Pan-
ama president. follo\\edl brief remarks
by Canal Zone Gov. W. A. Carter from
a speaker's platform on which honored
guests included the U.S. Ambassador to
Panama, Joseph S. Farland, cabinet of-
ficers of Panama: President Ernesto de
la Guardian, Jr., officials from the Canal
organization and U.S. military com-
manders in the Zone.
The U.S. flag was handed to Gov-
ernor Carter by his military aide, Maj.
Harvey C. Jones, while Panama's Min-
ister of Foreign Affairs, Miguel Moreno,
handed the Governor the Panama ~flag.
Governor Carter passed each of the
flags to Canal Zone policemen, who
fastened them to the lines and raised
The flags of Panama and the United States were hoisted on the twin flagpoles by Canal
Zone policemen, who were handed the banners by Gov. W. A. Carter. The officers par-
ticipating in the ceremony were Earl L. Janssen, William P. Angeline, H. W. Dempsey, Sr.,
and William L. Kessler. Two of the policemen received the flags from Governor Carter,
then helped fasten them to the holyards. The other two hoisted the banners aloft.
In his remarks preceding the actual
flag-raising, Governor Carter said, "We
are here this mor-ning to implement the
decision by the Presid~ent of the United
States that the flag of the Republic of
Panama will be flown in this spot on a
daily basis." He then read this part of
the announcement about the flags which
President Eisenhower had made on Sep-
tember 17 in Washington:
". as a voluntary and unilateral
decision on the part of the Govern-
ment of the United -States, the flying
of the flag of the Republic of Pan-
ama together with the United States
flag in Shaler's Triangle in the Canal
Zone is approved and directed. The
decision is in reflection of the genuine
friendship that exists between our
Governments and peoples and sym-
bolizes the close ties that unite us. .
The circular plaza in which the flags
were raised, was constructed and land-
scape~d with sod and both red and white
buhsduring the four days between
the announcement by Presidlent Eisen-
hower and the actual raising of the flags,
on the twvin flagpoles.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
put any rabbit to shame and make the
most involved billiard shot look like
Bids nlow are being sought by the
Panama Canal Company on exten-
sion of the microwave system. to in-
clude Federal Aviation Agency in-
stallations. in the Canal Zone. The
work will include installation of the
system between Albrook and two
points on th~e Pacific side and be- *
teenn Gatun and Telfer's Island on
the Atlantic side. Bids are to be
opened November 2 at Balboa
Heights and~ the project should be
completed in approximately a -year*
Radio-transmitted calls to or from Pacific side make first or last hop between this reflector andl Administration Building.
New Phone System To M~ake Cables Passi
Microwave installation now nearing completion is expected to eliminate the snap, crackle,
and pop of trans-Isthmian calls
In the not-tpo-distant future, if you
call the Pacific side from. Cristobal, your
conversation will travel along wires of
the local telephone system only as far
as the Cristobal telephone station. If you
call from Gatun to Balboa, the call will
travel on wires to Cristobal, _whi e:calls
from Gamboa to Cristobal n all follow
wires only as far as Balboa Heights.
SBut betweenI the two terminal po:ints'
of Cristobal~an~d Balboa Hgights, barring
an unusually:heavyr load of calls, your
conversation will leave the w~ires and g6
through a series of tubes, colidensrs;a
rheostats,. transformers, aniplifiers, and
a wave guide--and you'll be on the ai'i
without knowing it.'
Your performance as a radio an-
"IWHAT A LOUSY connection. Hang up
and I'll call you back."
How many times have you said that
-or had it said to you-while carrying
on a telephone conversation between
t-he Atlantic and Pacific sides of the Isth-
mus?" If it's never happened to you,
you're either a newcomer, someone who
seldom has occasion to call across the
Isthmus, or a very lucky individual.
But in a few short weeks, barring un-
foreseen developments, at least 99 per-
cent of those poor connections between
the Pacific and Atlantic sides of the
Isthmus will be a thing of the past.
Your conversation will bound from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, or vice versa,
in a series of leapfrog hops which would
OCTOBER 7, 1960
nouncer, however, will be confied to a
limited audience-the person you called.
The only radio sets that will receive the
message are a couple of intermediate
receivers, one at Gatun, another at
Cambo3. anid the master~units in the
Admninisua~tion Buildijng on the Pacific
end or in the Cristobal telephone station
on the Atlantic side, which will sort.
your conversation from among all- the
others that may happen to~b-e taking
the same course at the same time, put
it back on wpire again ~and -carry it to
the right telejahqne.
You'll be completely unaware that
anything out of the ordinary is gomng on,
but you will be aware that the conver-
sation is not interspersed with hums,
clicks, snaps, dead spots or an annoying
crackling. The trans-Isthmian cables
which now connect the Atlantic and
Pacific sides can be broken, get wet, be
hit by lightning,.0r suffer any one of a
hundred other fates--and you'll never
Your voice will not be tied to a cable,
but it will follow a course almost as
carefully controlled as though it were-
After going through that previously
mentioned network of electronic gear
which is a radio transmitting set, it will
bound out of the Cristobal telephone
station through a device that looks like
nothing more than a rectangular metal
tube. In fact, that's exactly what the
device-ocalled a wave guide-is. But its
srze Kirid slialpe,i in the language of en-
gilieers, ~is "ctiticail" and to protect
agaiiist thoistura it is filled with nitrogen
~Wheii the radio signal into which
your voice has been changed comes
bouninci-g out the upper end of that
tube it will sinash headon into the sur-
face of the circular disk, from which it
]$i-otrudes' in the shape of a question
mark, on'top of the Cristobal telephone
station. (On the Pacific end, it will
strike the disk atop the Administration
Reacting flke a well-aimed billiard
b~all, 11-rl.- r~didio bgam will leave the disk
-Itopl thle Ciistobhi telephone station and
shoot strancrht throixgh the air' to a reg-
riar refl~ct~r high atop a 130-foot towei
at. Gjathri. This reflector will send it
bounding~ off in a new direction, this
time to the Gatun telephone station,
where it will connect with another of
those cincllnl dilsks. This time, however,
it will e-nter a w~ave guide instead of
beifig aim'elld''6;; fr~om it.
''This w\ave g~uidie iill carry the signal
inside the Gsate station and into- a radio
receivmng iMt.The message will get a
booster; charge as it goes straight out
again~ through another transmitter, as it
rb~umBs Its' Isthmian crossing, via an-
other nt a\e guide.
THTu P:;lui ;-( CANA L REVIEW ~ 7
This chart shows course to be followed by calls going in either direction across the Isthmus.
This wave guide will carry the signal
back to the top of the Gatun telephone
station, where it will -bounce off the
second circular disk atop that building
and go streaking off for another collision
with the Gatun reflector, which this
time will turn it straight toward a re-
flector atop a 74-foot tower on Cerro
Pelado near Gamboa. The Cerro Pelado
reflector will aim it at yet another re-
flector, also on a 74-foot tower. This
second Gamboa reflector will turn the
signal downward to one of a pair of
those familiar circular disks, both
perched on a 50-foot tower near the
Gamboa telephone station. Here the
signal will follow a routine similar to
that at Gatun, going in through one
wave griide to a receiving unit, from
which it is channeled to another sending
unit and out into the ether via another
wave guide and circular disk, then re-
tracing its steps on the two Gamnboa re-
flectors, but this time going from the
Cerro Pelado reflector to the one on top
of Sosa Hill. From Sosa Hill it completes
its- airborne journey in a short hop to
the circular disk atop the Administration
The receiving unit at the Pacific end,
like the one at the Atlantic end on a
call going in the other direction, has a
somewhat tougher job to perform than
the units located at Gatun and Gamboa.
Whereas the Gatun and Gamboa units
need only to transfer the signal to an-
other transmitter which, sends it on its
way, the receivers at Balboa Heights
and Cristobal have to be able to sort
out the signals, get them tied to the
lishtl telephonlcle and transform them
b:Eckl mntoj form~l which again can be
carried on wires. The "multiplexing"
equipment which is' tied into the units
at Balboa Heights and Cristoball ac-
comp~lish this instantaneously and
deliver the conversation to its proper
place with no difficulty.
At the moment, two electronic experts
from Motorola Communications & Elec-
tronics, Inc., contractors on installation
of the system, are making adjustments
in the multiplexing equipment, the cir-
cular disks, the reflectors, and the other-l
components of the microwave setup.
The adjustments will :insure that the
radio signals aimed across the Isthmus
get where- they're intended with 100
percent accuracy and none of the tiny
errors in angles which bedevil even the
Willi,- Hoppes of this world.
When the two Motorola experts have
completed their work and Canal offi-
cials are satisfied with the performance
of the whole system, the microwave
hookup will be ready for use. It is ex-
pected that the system will be in opera-
tion by late November.
When it does go into operation, the
new system will mark the beginning of
the end for an Isthmian veteran-the
46-year-old cable which, is buried along-~
side the venerable Panama Railroad.,
This long-used cable will not be ousted!
from duty, however, but will be retired:
gradually as it becomes more and more:
debilitated with encroaching age.
A second underground cable, which
follows the Trans-Isthmian Highway,
will continue in use even after the micro-
wave system is in operation. The high-
way cable, coupled with the microwave
system and the additions which can be
made to it as demand requires, are ex-;
pected to serve the needs of the Canar~"
organization for many years to come.
Discards Can Be
The Eriksons of Margarita have
made their Zone quarters into
an attractive apartment by use
of skill and imagination.,
THE HOME OF Mr. and Mrs. John E.
Erikson of Margarita offers proof that
the jet and atomic age in which we are
living has not destroyed man's imagina-
tion nor his age-old efforts to improve
the place he calls home.
Mr. Erikson, a dock foreman with the
Navigation Division, delights in taking
discarded items and making something
useful of them. And Mrs. Erikson, who
does interior decorating as a hobby,
lends her skill and imagination to those
of her husband. Together they have
transformed their Zone quarters into an
attractive, interesting apartment.
A pair of lamps in the living room
are typical of some of the unusual items
they have made. The lamps not only
provide light for the room and a con-
versation piece for visitors, but they
also constitute a place of retirement for
two heavily used pieces of wood: Two
old wooden wheel hubs.
The old hubs make an attractive base
for the lamps, with the spaces where
spokes once fit formmng an unusual pat-
ppr tern and the whole thing giving an
impression of antiquity.
On one wall of their living room are
some polished brass planters arranged
in a tier. "Discarded spittoons," says
Mr. Erikson. They're unrecognizable
now, however. Mr. Erikson cut each of,
Barbara Erikson, daughter of Margarita couple, and bookshelves.
Mrs. John Erikson with hutch cabinet which was made from an old chest of drawers.
OCTOBER 7, 1960
Mother and daughter relax in attractively decorated "Panama Room" located under house.
the cuspidors in half, removed the lip,
then added a back to complete the
transformation to planters.
Old quartermaster dressers, service-
able but certainly not aesthetic in their
original form, became attractive modern
furniture after the Eriksons completed
a job of rejuvenation on them.
What once was an old mahogany
chest of drawers, is now a polished
hutch cabinet, in which family treasures
are effectively displayed. A coffee table,
at first glance, appears to have flowers
and leaves arranged in a low bowl at
either end. Closer examination reveals
there is no bowl, however. The Eriksons
inserted a planter in each end of the
table. Old oak chairs were given a new
lease on life by using plastics to replace
the former cane seats.
Bamboo screens have a hundred and
One uses when the Eriksons start work-
ing with them. One way is to paint
screens and use them as backing for
bookshelves. And a Chinese screen
forms the backing for a bookcase which
was just an old kitchen cabinet before
the Eriksons went to work on it,
The hooked rugs on the floor of their
living room also are a product of their
own handiwork. And another rug made
by the Eriksons is typical of the imagi-
nation they frequently bring to their
projects. The rug is made of overlap-
ping diamond-shaped sections of mate-
rial which were out from whatever was
available, ranging from a man's coat to
an old blanket.
In the area under the house the Erik-
sons have what they call the "Panama
Room," where neighbors gather for fish
fries, holiday celebrations, retirement
parties or just plain relaxation. In this
recreation area, the barbecue grill was
at one time an oil drum, which Mr.
Erikson cut in two for its new role. On
one wall is a group of silhonettes which
he carved an~d the large coffee table
in the room once was pai't of an oak
dining room table. The only part of the.
table remaining is the top, which was
mounted on wrought iron legs.
Mr. Erikson came to the Isthmus in
November 1934 for what he thought
was to be a brief stay. But he met his
wife, a Canal Zone resident by birth,
and has been here ever smece.
Mrs. Erikson's father, Robert J.
Huntoon, came to the Isthmus during
Canal construction days, retired in 1937
and now lives in Vermont.
Mr. Huntoon was somewhat of a col-
lector, too, but in a different vein from
the efforts of his daughter and son-in-
law. He owns what reputedly is the
second car ever to come to Panama,
an "Italia" that belonged to the Pres-
ident of Panama about 1908.
TThe Eriksons' next project? During
the interview they both had eyed the
piano stool, agreed they'd like some-
thing more modern, then mused,
Noiw planterss, the~y once were cuspidors.
"Maybe the whole room should be done
Over." Those who know them. will not
he surprised if the piano stool winds up
as a piece of furniture with little resem-
blance to its present state and as part
of a whole new decorating scheme.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Local Pianist Hans Janowitz will supply M1rs. Eugenia Al\arez de Moscroso of Ecua-
accompaniment for several performances. dor, performs her native dance routine.
Mrs. Gene Jhangimal. olf India in wedding
dress similar to one she will model.
To Benefit United Fund
TIHE INTERNATIONAL Dance Festival will be resumed this year
after a year's absence. As in the past, it will be sponsored by
the Balboa Armed Services Y.M.C.A., but wrill be for the
benefit of the Canal Zone United Fund and all proceeds will
Sgo to the Fund.
Thirteen nations are represented in this year's Festival, the
third -to be held in the Zone. A committee, composed of rep-
resentatives of the several nations and headed by Mrs. Joan
Scott, is planning the event, which ~will include performances
ranging from native dances of Cen~tral- and South American
countries to a Chinese fan dance, a U.S. square dance and a
wedding scene in India.
Several-of those scheduled' to peifoim iin the Festival-lalso
appeared in previous Festivals, but many of them will be
newcomers to the program. More than 80 performers' will
appear in the program, with the number representing the
various nations ranging froni one person. to a maximuni of"12.
In addition to the~ various nations to be represented, the
Apache Devil Dance of that North Americari Indian tribe
will be presented by the Order of the Arrow of Canal Zone
The complete list of nations to be represented is as follows:
Bolivia, Ecuador, England, France, Gei~many, Guatemala,
Holland, Honduras, India, China, Panama, Spain, and the
Tickets for the two performances, to be held at 7:30 p.m.,
October 12 and 13, are on sale at the Balboa YI.M.C.A. for
both reserved and regular seats. Tickets for regular seats also
will be? on sale at the Auditorium of the Balboa School Activ-
ities Building on the evenings the Festival is presented there.
Miss Anna Margarita Oliva, daughter of Guatemalan Arphassador
to Panama, models dancing costume she will wear in Festival.
OCTOBER 7, 1960
UF Ag ency Goals
American Red Cross, Canal Zone Chapter..... $22,800
Ainerican Social Health Association..: .. .; 170
Atlantic Religious Workers Association-Christmas '
Basket Fund. 3,000
Balboa Armed Services Y.M.C.A. . .. 8,500
Canal Zone Cancer Committee. . .... 12,000
Canal Zone Committee for Aid to Handicapped
Persons. ... .. . ... .. .. .. .. ... 11,000
Canal Zone Council, Boy Scouts of America. .. 18,000
Canal Zone C'ouncil, Girl Scbuts of America. .. 10,000
Canal Zone Summer Recreation Board, Latin
American Communities. .. .. ... .. .. .. .. 1,650
Canal Zone Tuberculosis Association. .. ... .. 8,200
Corozal Hospital Occupational and ~Recreational
Cristobal Armed Services Y.M.C.A. .. .. .. ... 7,400
International Boy Scouts of the Canal Zone. ... 4,000
International` Girl Scouts of the Canal Zone. .. 3,000
International Social Service, American Branch
Inc. ....,..... ............... 72
Jewish Welfare Board Armed Forces Service
Center. ... ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3,000
National Recreation Association. .. .. .. ... 83
The Salvation Army. ... .. .. .. .. ... .. .. 10,000
United Seamen's Service.: ... ... .. .. .. 31
United Service Organizations, Inc.. .. ... .. 1,000
Betty Da is Palmira Larrinaga
TI-UlS 1E.1R` l Ih'TED FUNhD Campa);ign in-
cludes quite- a \ariet) of activities, some
of them pra\ctices of long_ standings and
others comnple-tel ne\\. The U~nited
Fundt Q~ueen Conte~st comles under~ ther
latter heading, with this being the first
year that such a project ever has been
As THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW pre-
pared to go to press, the chairman of
the UF Queen Contest, Canal Zone
Policeman Richard Chesson, reported
that seven girls are candidates for the
two Queen titles to be awarded, one to
the girl from a Panama community who
receives the most votes and the other to
the: gi~i- from a Canal Zone community
with the most votes.
Votes will be tabulated on the basis
of one vote for each penny contributed
to th~e United Fund through purchase
of~tickets from candidates and.their
The seven candidates entered in the
competition at THE REVIEw, press time
were Betty Davis of Cocoli, sponsored
by the Canal Zone Kart Club; Palmira
Larrinaga of Panama, sponsored by Gi-
bralter Life Insurance Co.; Barbara
Erikson of Margarita, sponsored by the
Cristobal Womnen's Club; Adela Rich-
ards of Gamnboa, sponsored by the
Paraiso Mutual Aid Club; Ruby Hall
of Margarita, sponsored by Post 100,
Veterans of Foreign Wars of Brazos
Heights; Wallis Tapia of Panama, spon-
sored -by the Club de Empleados de
Fuerza y Luz, and Patricia Shopts of
Rodman Naval Station, sponsored by
the Navy Enlisted Men's Club.
Miss Virginia Bermidez, daughter of Honduran
Panama, models blouse and skirt she'll wear in
THiE PANAMA CSANAL REVIEW
Queen AllAdela Richards
Zone Spendmng In Panama
Food products. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .. ...... $2,328,000
Beverages. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... .. .. . .. 887,000
Construction materials. ... .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 818,000
Auto parts, supplies. .......... ......... 123,000
Gases-domestic, industrial. .......... ...... 130,000
Other commercial items. .. ... .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 585,000
Other consumer goods. ... ... ... .. ... .... .. . 1,565,000
Services (dry cleaning, etc.) ................... ......... 530,000
Contracts to local firms.....: ................. ... 5,581,000
Wages to non-U.S. citizens by all U.S. agencies. .. .. . 27,950,000
Cash payments to former non-U.S. citizen employees. ... ... 2,000,000
Annuity to Panama. .. .... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... ... 1,930,000
Total spending by U.S. agencies. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. $44,427,0002
1 Private spending by Zone organizations and individuals is not included. This
would increase the total to well over $65,000,000 during the past 12 months.
2 All figures are rounded off to even thousand below actual tabulation. Minimum
estimates are shown where exact figures were not available.
Tomatoes and oranges, now coming to the Canal Zone from Boquete area during the rainy season, are unloaded at Retail Store warehouse.
Toward a Healthier Economy
Producers in the Republic respond to Zone demand for goods and
services, thus benefiting themselves and the nation's well-being
economic law has functioned to help
expand the economy of the Republic of
Panama as a direct result of the Canal's
existence. The demand originating in
the Canal Zone has caused business and
industrial enterprises to be created in
the Republic and employment opportu-
nities for its citizens to be expanded.
Through the years, Panama has made
progress in developing both industry
and agriculture to take advantage of an
increasing proportion of the economic
benefits readily available to her by the
presence of the Canal enterprise and
the desire of United States agencies in
the Canal Zone to procure, to the
greatest extent possible, all necessary
goods and services on the Isthmus.
During the past year, especially, some
areas in the interior of the Republic
have taken action to strengthen the pro-
duction and marketing of agricultural
products for Canal Zone consumption.
During the 12-month period of fiscal
year 1960, the direct, measurable fi-
nancial benefits' to the Republic from
U.S. Government activities in the Canal
Zone totaled more than $44,400,000.
JUST AS NECESSITY is the mother of in-
vention, demand is the originator of
supply. If there is a demand for goods
and services, in other words, someone
will move to 11l it. Panama is doing
During all the years of construction
and operation of the Panama Canal, this
--OCTOBEn 7, 1960
Of this total, in excess of $25,000,000
came from revenues derived from op-
eration of the Canal and its related
activities--and represents approximately
50 percent of 1960 gross revenue from
Canal tolls. The remaining funds spent
in the Republic by U.S. agencies in the
Zone during the past year-totaling more
than $17,000,000-did not come from
the Cainal enterprise, but originated in
taxes paid by U.S. citizens, including
those in the Zone.
The actual, direct expenditures of
$44,400,000 on the part of the Com-
pany-Government and the Caribbean
Command and its components does not
include the salaries paid to U.S. citizen
employees nor any of the military pay-
roll, because there is no accurate tabula-
tion of how much these individuals
spend in Panama or funnel into the Re-
public through the private employment
dfmais dd al'ees kn oese n ini
genci-s, and similar establishments. Esti-
mates made by Zone agencies place this
spending at approximately $19,000,000.
Neither does the total take into consid-
eration the wages of $2,742,000 paid to
1,775 non-U.S. citizens employed mn the
Zone by all contractors wor ing for the
U.S. agencies. If both of these figures
were mocluded, the total would be more
The $44,400,000 listed does include
wages of non-U.S. citizens working for
both the Company-Government and the
' -- -.... -- me~
Some 1,775 local residents were employed by contractors working for U.S. agencies.
Caribbean Command. and its compo-
nents in the Zone, the value of con-
tracts awarded to local firms by the
Canal organization and other U.S. agen-
cies in the Zone, the cost of construction
materials bought in the Republic by
both, the amount spent in the Republic
for consumer goods and services and the
annual annuity of $1,930,000 which is
paid to the Republic of Panama by the
United States Government*
One of the more promising areas for
future growth of the Republic's econ-
omy in response to Zone requirements
for goods and services lies in the agri-
cultural area. Vast qantities of food-
stuffs now are purchased in the Re-
public by the U.S. agencies in the Zone
and more are being sought.
Last year, direct purchases of food-
stuffs from producers in the Republic
totaled more than $2,325,000, not in-
cluding $887,000 worth of beverages.
This year, if current trends continue,
purchases of foodstuffs from the Re-
pulcwill be greater than they were
atyear. At the present time, for
example, between 5,000 and 6,000
pounds of tomatoes are being shipped
to the Zone each week from the Boquete
area, from where thousands of pounds
of oranges also are purchased each
week. As recently as last October, only
a trickle of tomatoes flowed to the Zone
from the Boquete region, but improve-
ments in packing and shipping proce-
dures have made it possible to ship
more this year, with a consequent in-
crease in sales to U.S. agencies in the
A glance at a single rural product
will suffice to demonstrate the poten-
tial contained in Zone demands for food-
stuffs. That item is eggs, of which more
than $300,000 worth were sold to Zone
agencies by producers in the Republic
last year. If all of the Zone's needs for
foodstffs were- met by producers in the
Republic in the same proportion as the
need for eggs is being met, millions of
more dollars would flo~w into the Re-
public's economy each year from the
Zone. Determined efforts now are being
made to meet those demands, agricul-
tural officials in the Republic report.
Canal organization's largest single expenditure during the fiscal year was for local wages:
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
John D. Hollen, Chief of Executive Planning Staff, dictates letter to secretary, Miss Annie McDade.
The Canal's Realistic Dreamers
The Exrecutive Planning Staff performs its many duties with the aid
of factual information, not whim.or "'ivory tower"' theorizing
A CURSORY LOOK AT the Can'al organiza-
tion might lead some observers to be-
sw-- lieve that the Executive Planning Staff
.~ is the "Ivory tower" unit of the Com-
i~q ~ipany-Government. Such a conclusion
:? would be a great mistake.
Despite certain superficial atppear-
ances--including its name--that seem to
point~ to an "ivory tower" character, the
truth' is that the Executive Planning
Staff is just as down-to-earth, just as
concerned. with the brass tacks of the
a -ifnot mre~doorganization, as any other single unit
'1! Because the Executive Planning Staff
must speculate about the long-term out-
look for the Canal enterpr-ise, it must
operate with full knowledge idf the
facts, not 6n the basis o:f whim or fancy.i
In order to ma~ke a recommendation
--and top echelon recommendations are
) q its business and reason for being-the
) s Executive- Plaiming Staff must back it:
up ;with far more than the ;superficial
ni~~facts which a popular writer might use
'''1to support a similar proposal. The Staff
must use a vast accumulation of cor-
i j' related data- which demonstrates the
,,d -. _-ig ned fo: the facility being proposed,
based on- the current situa-tion, past ex-
Thatcher A. Clishee, Mrs. Dolores Stewart, and Hugh A. Norris work on one of the many perience, and probable future. It must
charts prepared by the Executive Planning Staff from statistics accumulated about Canal, also present detailed inlfollmation aboul~
S., QuommTB 7, .19BQ:
the probable cost, engineering problems
which might be encountered, actual
need for the facility, its importance in
relation to other proposed projects, and
many related issues.
This generalized listing is the pattern
.of Executive' Planning Staff procedure,
whether the subject being considered
is the widening of Gaillard Cut or such
mundane matters as, say, a new ware-
house for the Retail lStore Branch, re-
lbocation of a ~small section of faBilroad
track, addition of a unit to the telephone
:'system of the Comp~any-Gov'einment,
the question pf how many official cars
should be: ~Pi~relan with'neu:ones this
year aild how many replacements should
be. postponed until n'cxt year, cir any of
hundreds of similar issues.
All this and more-much, much more
-concerns John- D. Hollen,.Chief of .the
Execiitive Planning' Staff, a'nd his asso-
M ;ch ofi the .work ~which is done
byr the Staff consists' of analyzing vast
quantities of work' pes farieicd at lower
echelons of the organization. This results
from the: democratic concept of long-
ringe planmrtg wlhich the .Planning
Committee of the Com~pan! Govern-
,ment adopted..before it_ started work in
1956 on the long-range Master Plan for
the Canal enterprise.
Under this concept of planning there
is broad participation by operating
units. In the case of the Canal organiza-
tion, this means that basic planning
wYhich eventually reaches the Executive
.Planning Staff and, through it, the Gov-
.ernor and Board of Directors, may have
originalte-d at the Branch, Division, or
~,Bureau level, w\ith a member of the
.Board, the Governor, or any level, in
Th'e Staff originally accumulated the
information it needed by having each
operating Di~isio~n submit a dletailed
.report ~of its long-range operating plans.
The Division had to furnish s ecific
information relative to organization, pro-
cedures, equipment, facilities, person-
nel requirements, future need for funds
;and all assumptions under which the
~'report was prepared. This mass of data
gradually was compiled into the Master
Plan of the :Company-Government.
Since original publication of the Plan
the Executive Planning Staff has up'
dated it each year by requesting similar
and current information from the o -
erating Divisions, along with a new 10-
year projection of plans.
Through the Master Plan, the need
~for expansion or improvement of nu-
Capt. William J. Steffens, head of the Panama Line, R. Trendon Vestal, and Richard K. Erbe
discuss operations of the Line during a recent meeting in Executive Planning Staff of~ee.
merous' facilities and services has been
highlighted. In addition, specific pro-
Sgrams for major items have been de-
veloped in special reports prepared by
-the Executive Planning Staff, sixbcom-
mittees of the Planning Committee and
SBoard of Directors and by special con-
sultants. Among these special reports
and programs are such items as the
Interim Canal Improvement Plan, re-
ports on housing and school facilities
for both U.S. an~d non-U.S. citizen em-
ployees, plans for utilization of Coco
Solo Naval Station by the Canal organ-
Sization, and numerous similar plans.
Iri addition to its planning responsi-
bilities, the Executive Planning Staff has
numerous related duties. It. makes all
economic studies for the Company-
Government, including an annual pro-
jection of Canal traffic. In~ addition to
the annual projection based on internal
Canal statistics, biennial calls usually
are made on principal users of the Canal
to obtain projection of commodity move-
ments. This method of predicting Canal
traffic has proved to be more' accurate
thain any other method so far devised.
SIts economic responsibilities include
Sthe development of planning and budget
Assumptions, monthly preparation of
cost-of-living indexes, and theppa-
tion of economic studies asabsifo
major Company-Government planning
decisions. The Staff also compiles all
Canal statistics, with the principal effort
directed tolvard maintenance of current
statistical analyses of traffic.
Statistics on Canal movements are
essential to forecasts of traffic and ma
agencies of the U.S. Governmentan
Sthe governments of other countries re-
quest t~e) analyses prepared by the Staff
for their value as economic and trade
The Executive Planning Staff ap-
Sproves all new Company-Government
positions through Grade 10 and recom-
mends positions above that level, with
Sthe latter requiring approval of the Gov-
ernor-President before becoming final.
It also is responsible for enforcing such
THE PANAMA~ CANAL REVIEW
EXSTAFF2UIN I Orth Knowing
(Continued from p. 15)
force limitations as may be directed by
responsible federal units and serves as
thel Govesclnor-President's management
w~presentate~c in assuring efficient man-
power utilization and effective funo-
tional organization throughout the Com-
Naturally, all of this logically leads
to something more specific than a Master
Plan, or even special reports, plans, and
statistics. It logically leads to dollars-
and-cents .recommendations. This is
dealt with in the capital program which
the Sta~ff prepares on an annual basis.
The capital program not only deals
with the Company-Government's finan-
cial requirements for the year under
consideration (the Executive Planning
Staff now is working on the budget for
fiscal 1963, for example), but also
details long-range spending which will
be required. As a result of its considera-
tions of actual and probably conditions
and the myriad of Pdetails included in
these studies, the Staff is able to sched-
ule future capital replacements and ad-
ditions in accordance with their priority,
thus avoiding crash programs and set-
ting a reasonably uniform annual pro-
gram, which is geared to engineering
capacity~ and financial capability.
Among miscellaneous and collateral
duties, th~e Staff prepares the reports to
the Governor, Secretary of the Army'
the Board of Directors, and the Board's
report to the Stockholder, as well as the
annualT CmSpry-ov rmlent a ecof
the material prepared for quarter y
meetings of the Board and is responsible
for coordination and staffing of prob-
lems which affect units of the organiza-
tion, especially when they involve ex-
pansion, contraction, elimination, or
realignment of activities,
The aim of the Executive Planning
Staff's entire operation is succinctly
summed up in its two-sentence state-
ment of "a primary objective for the
organization as a whole." Those two
"To provide for the effcient main-
tenance and operation of the Panama
Canal and supporting facilities, to meet
the known requirements of National De-
fense, and to serve national and world
commerce at no expense to the U.S.
taxpayer. To pursue a continuing pro-
gram of Canal improvement to meet
the needs of world shipping, and to
provide for the modernization of the
OCTOBEn 7, 1'960
Panama Line Rates Reduced
TH PANAMA LINE HOW is Offering re-
duced fares to employees and retirees of
all U.S. Government agencies and their
dependents on a space-available. basis.
Both civilian and military personnel and
their dependents can take advantage of
the fare reduction, which is effective
immediately. The new fare for adults is
$110 per person for a one-way trip be-
tween the Canal Zone and New York.
The round-trip fare is $195.
No charge is.made for the first child
under three years of age in a family,
while half fare is charged for a second
or third child under three and for all
children from- three through 12. The
new rate is not connected with free
home leave for Government employees
and there are no restrictions on the
number of trips that can be taken in any
given period. There is no change in the
annual reduced rate arrangement for
Company-Government employees and
1960 Cruise Season Opening
THE 1960-61 CRUISE season will open
here October 25 with the arrival of the
Swedish American liner Nieuw Ams-
terdam at Cristobal. During the season,
mores than 20 lu lry liners an~d thou-
Shore excursions using a special Panama
Railroad train and visits to the Locks
already are scheduled for 35 cruises,
This does not include ships on which
the tourists will make the Canal transit
on round-the-world voyages.
Most of the ships scheduled to make
one or more calls at Cristobal while on
Caribbean tours between October 25
and April 20 have visited the Canal be-
fore. Among those transiting the Canal
this season will be the Bergensfjord of
the Norwegian American Line, the Rot-
terdam of the Swedish American Line
and the Caronia of the Cunard Line.
New Air Conditioning Planned
THE CANAL ZONE detective offices in the
Central Police Stations in Balboa and
Cristobal are to be air-conditioned un-
der a contract awarded last month to
the Aire Frio Company of Panama,
which made a low bid of $6,639 on the
project. The work includes replacement
of existing air conditioning systems in
the buildings and the installation of new
piping, ductwork, and wiring. It is
scheduled for completion by the end of
Mr. Bouche's Retirement Noted
THE RETIREMENT of Adrien M. Bouche
from Canal service after 44 years, 3
months and 23 days of employment by
the organization has been rioted in the
Congressional Record. An article about
Mr. Bouche, which was printed in news-
papers here at the time of his retirement
on July 31, was inserted in the Congres-
sional Record by Congressman Clark W.
Thompson of Texas, who had received
a copy of it from William R. McCann
of Hopewell, Va., also a former Canal
employee. Mr. Bouche and his wife now
live in Staunton, Va.
Panamanian Christmas Cards
CHRISTMAS CARDS designed by Panama-
nian artists again will be sold this year
by a committee of the Panama National
Museum Society for the benefit of the
Museum. Sales are to start early this
month and the cards will be available
in both the Republic and the Zone. Art-
ists represented include Ciro Oduber,
Rosa Munanola, Demetrio Toral, and
Guillermo Trujillo. Sales of similar cards
have been the society's major source of
funds since 1957, when the plan was
It's Voting Time Again
WrrH THE U.S. election campaign
moving into its final month, interest in
the contest is increasing and Canal Zone
residents who have not already done
so are preparing applications for absent
voter ballots and getting them mnto the
mail. Robert Jeffrey, voting officer of
the Canal organization, says~it is too
late to apply for ballots in about 20
states, but applications still are being
accepted in the remaining 30 states. If
you want to vote, Mr. Jeffrey will assist.
He can be contacted at Balboa 2625
for further information.
Baseball Season Tickets
THE PANAMA baseball season will start
November 20, with a schedule of 60
games slated to continue through Feb-
ruary. In an effort to ease the problem
of buying tickets at the time of each
game, the Professional Baseball League
of Panama this year is offering season
tickets in advance for both seats and
reserved seats in the covered stands.
The box seat tickets are being sold for
$35 for the season and the covered stand
seats for $20. Call Panama 3-3039,
2-0860, or 2-2878 for more information.
BARNACLES, THE BANE of sailors since
before the days of Noah, are described
in the dictionary as "any of numerous
crustaceans which, though free-swimm-
mingg in the larval state, are permanently
fixed in the adult state and protected by
a calcified shell of several pieces."
The Launch Repair Pool at the
Dredging Division in Gamboa can
ouch for the fact that barnacles are
Sof barnacleso h s luc
that it remained
in water too long.
tenacious. There are two ways of deal-
ing with them: (1) the long-range way;
and (2) the way the Launch Repair
Pool handles barnacle removal.
The first, or long-range method, is to
take a barnacle encrusted vessel into
fresh water and, given time enough,
voila! the marine growth falls off.
The second method, and the one used
by the Dredging Division, is to scrape
the barnacles off. Of course, at times,
and because of the adhering tendencies
of barnacles, scraping a boat bottom
sometimes loosens wood and fibers and
a fuzzyness results. But not for long. A
slick-up job is done with a motorized
sanding disk and then comes a cold
plastic treatment designed to discourage
marine growth. The cold plastic treat-
ment for boat bottoms, it is pointed out,
contributed a great deal to the success
the United States Navy achieved in the
South Pacific during World War II, be-
cause it is much better for keeping ship
bottoms free of salt water afflictions than
anything that had been used previously.
The men whose job it is to keep the
Panama Canal Company's launches
shipshape recommend removing a boat
from the water every four months for
checking and de-barnacling, if neces-
sary. Sometimes a boat may remain in
the water for six months; however, it is
almost certain that a craft left un-
checked for eight months will acquire a
heavy marine growth on the bottom, re-
quiring considerable scraping to remove.
The contention that boats on the At-
lantic side of the Isthmus develop bar-
nacles faster than boats on the Pacific
side may have its origin in the fact that
boats on the Atlantic end of the Canal
spend more time in salt water than those
on the Pacific side, where the rise and
fall of 17-foot tides result in more dilu-
tion of the sea water with fresh water
during the course of lockages. This
Pacific-side condition may help hold
down the growth of barnacles, the
Dredging Division concedes, but a four-
month inspection still is important for
will. be much
easier to clean
than the one
because it was
not left' in
water as lonk.
THE. PANAhfA CANAL REVIEW
Troublemakers Of The Deep
Barnacles, the bane of sailors, can and do cause heavy damage
to salt-water craft, but regular maintenance will beat them
"I IMUST HAVE BEEN about the only woman in the Canal Zone
who never got sick enough to go into Colonel Gorgas' hos-
pitals," Mrs. Harry Lee Ferguson, Sr., vigorous 80-year-01d
"oldtimer," said the other day, during ~her first visit to the
Isthus in 25 years.
H-aving promised Colonel Gorgas that she wasn't planning
to occupy any space in his hospitals--and keeping her promise
by remaining in a state of near-perfect health-Mrs. Ferguson
managed to stay in the Canal Zone for 13 years without return-
ing to the United States for home leave.
"It was just too much trouble with three small children," she
said. She added that a trip to the United States would hardly
have been a vacation under the circumstances and, anyhow,
her husband's vacation always came during the middle of the
Arriving in the Canal Zone in 1910, at the height of the con-
struction period, Mrs. Ferguson and her husband first lived at
Toro Point, a site now occupied by a lighthouse. Later they.
moved to old French quarters on Colon beach, remaining there
until her husband's retirement in 1935.
During her many years on the Atlantic side, Mrs. Ferguson.
gained a reputation as a hostess and at one time or another
entertained most of the Canal officials, including Colonel Gor-
gas and Colonel Goethals. She also acquired a large circle of
friends, whom she now visits from time to time in various parts
of the United States.
Although she has been away from the Canal Zone for 25
years, Mrs. Ferguson's ties here are close. Shortly after the
war, her son, Capt. Harry Lee Ferguson, Jr., was caLptain of
the Balboa Port.
During her visit to the Isthmus in September, she main-
tained a busy social schedule, which kept her many hostesses
on the run. "I may not be as young as I once was," she said,
"but I still am healthy and intend to stay away from hospitals."
Mrs. Harry Lee Ferguson, Sr., poses at friend's home in Colon.
.. .He Did, But Couldn't
A WORLD 1VAn II veteran who wanted to be a doctor but was
thwarted in the ambition because he couldn't find an opening
in a U.S. medical school, nevertheless has become an intern
in the Canal Zone.
Thomas G. Toda, a native of Hawaii, is not interning in
medicine, however. He is an engineer trainee in the Canal's
graduate intern program.
Of Japanese ancestry, Mr. Toda was a member of the famed
Nisei Regiment of the U.S. Army during World War II, seeing
service in both Italy and France. After the war, unable to
find a medical school opening, he decided to become a chemist
and entered Knox College at Galesburg, Ill.
He was graduated from there in 1950 and returned .to
Hawaii, where he took a laboratory job with the Sanitary;
Engineering Division of the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor. The
laboratory work led to an interest in sanitary engineering and
in the winter of 1957 he entered Iowa State University to
study civil engineering. Because of earlier courses he had
taken, it took Mr. Toda only a year to complete work for his
degree and after graduation in December 1958 he came to
the Canal Zone as an engineer trainee.
When he completes his two-year internship at the end of
this year, he plans to return to Hawaii on leave for a visit
with his parents, taking his recent bride, the former Blanca
Zapata of Panama, with him.
During his stay in Hawaii, Mr. Toda plans to brush up on
Japafnese, which both his parents speak. "I used to speak it,
too," he says, "but I've let it slip. Now he is studying the
language, paying particular attention to technical engineering
Graduate intern Thomas G. Toda works at engineer's drafting board.
terms so he will be able to understand Japanese technical
OcTromEn 7, 1960
She Didn't Want ~Anything T'o Do W~ith Hospitals
THE REVIEW is indebted to J. A. Hover-
son of Margarita for this article on the
care of modern appliances. Mr. Hover-
son, who is General Foreman, Refriger-
ation and Air Conditioning, Mainte-
nance Division, Cristobal, said he
prepared the article to help Zonians
understand their appliances--and to
'help them avoid expensive repairs*
appliance owners, will assure longer life
and fewer expensive breakdowns.
1. Read the instruction book which
usually comes with new appliances
-and follow the instructions given.
2. The average working life of any
piece of machinery is increased by
keeping it clean,. as dry as possible,
and lubricated where necessary.
3. Whenever there is a variation
in line voltage (indicated by a change
in the brightness of electric lamps, a
galloping or rumbling noise from the .
appliance, oi- a complete power fail-
ure) it is good practice to shut off the '
THE COST OF MAJOR home appliances
such as refrigerators, washing machines,
air conditioners, and stoves has been in
an u ward s iral for several years. This
increase is not entirely the result of
rising labor and material' costs, however*
Improvements in the appliances which
enable then to do more efficient and
complicated jobs have helped push
These improvements also have in-
creased the servicing problems associ-
ated with the appliances. Servicing these
highly complicated machines and their
counterparts of a few years ago is com.
parable to repairing a modern automo-
bile wiith. all its modern features and a
Model "IA" Ford.
As an example, one of the most pop-
ular modern refrigerators in the Canal
Zone has four thermostats, four separate
electric motors, a relay, a capacitor,
seven electric heaters, and ~five cabinet
lights. This compares with a 1955 model
made by the same company which had
one electric motor, one thermostat, one
cabinet light, one relay and one ca-
The modern washing machine is sim-
ilarly more complicated. Today's wash-
er automatically performs 11 to 20 sep-
arate operations during a'single wash,
whereas the one of yesteryear performed
only two or three operations. The se-
quence and performance of the opera-
tions by, a modern washer depends on
all parts of the machine being in good
Room air conditioners have become
very popular in the Canal Zone since
the 60-cycle conversion program. These
units provide a comfortable indoor cli-
mate and, by reducing hi'in~idity, help
prolongi F the life of. clothing,, furnishings,
and other items in ta modern :home. But
they, too, are complicated;intricate de-
All of these appliances are-a part~qf
modern civilization. They make life'
more comfortable and enjoyable. But
they also create a few annoying
problems of their own. Owners of these
work-saving appliances should realize
that maintenance costs are likely to
be higher than for the .older, simpler
Preventive 'maiil-lntenanc however,
can hold repair costs to a minimum.
Most automobile owners wouldn't dream
of driving their car endlessly without
having it lubricated. But many of them
fail. to follow similar maintenance pro-
cedures with appliances.
The following hints, "if' heeded by
power to your appliances until the
electrical supply is back to normal.
4. When any unusual condition is
noticed in the o eration of an ap-
pliance, investigate for an obvious
cause. If the condition persists, call
your service man. There are times
when some minor matter can be di-
agnosed by telephone and corrective
measures taken by the owner. If this
does 'not correct the trouble, have a
sc-s t .eman~ come to make repairs. It
is nearly..always cheaper to catch the
trouble early than to wait for a com-
To sum up: Remember that wages
have doubled in the past fewi years, re-
sulting in a comparable increase in the
cost of spare parts. This, combined with
the complexity of modern appliances,
can double or triple the cost of appliance
repairs. So, don't blame your service
mechanic `for the high cost of repairs.
It isn t his fault. And help yourself by
practicing prevncltri c maintenance. It'll
save you time, trouble, expcoser and
The sixt man to receive his journeyman: "wings" this year through the Canal organization's
training program stepped up from the apprentice ranks last month. He is George Sun, a
graduate of St. Joseph's School in Colon, who now is a welder in the Industrial Division.
Mr. Sun is shown here with Charles WV. Johnson, fourneyman-welder in the Shipfitter, Boiler,
and Welding Shop of the Industrial Division and one of the men who helped train 1Mr. Sun
in his craft. The newr welder started his apprenticeship on September 4, 1956, and received
his journeyman's certificate Ein the' craft exactly four years later.
THIE PA-NAM~A CANAL REVIEW
Care Of Appliances= Money In T'he Bank
CIVIL~ AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mae L. Malcolm
Senior H~igh Teacher, Latin
Mois~s de la Pefia
ENGINEERING AND C
Robert C. Smith 1
Dillion Brock~ae Syt
Leader Navigational 1h
Lincoln B. Boyce
TRANSP RIATION AND
Ruby A. Wynter
CIVEL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Frederick A. Mohl
Richard J. Tomnford
W~alter M. O. Fischer
Elementary and Secondary
Elementary and Secondary
Robert J. Bakcer ..
Win ow Clerk, Postal Division
David H. Searle, Jr*
Russell T. Wise
ENGINEERING AND CON'
James M. Little
Towboat or Ferry Master
Thomas D. Taylor
La caell Fik lilli ms
Victor de Le6n
Rock Crushing Plant
Stephen A. Dreyer
Marion S. Herring
Chief Engineer, Towboat
Bertram G. Coley
Edward G. H-aydel, Jr.
Howard T. Tettenburn
George Hi. M.cFarlane
D~maso de la Cruz
Helper Lock Operator
George L. Holder
G herkD Tst
Joseph Wallace -
Helper Refrigerating and
Air Conditioning Mechanic
Edgar Samuel Shaw
William B. Wray
h as LG. GEdghi-
S. L C MUNITY o
C. W. Brathwaite
Iris M. Simmons
Mary E. Coard
Verona E. Eastman
St. Marie L. Lafleur
Albert E. Caballero
Viola C. Lewis
MC un rA At ndant
Maria C. Iturrado
Roderick L. Hart
Mail and File Clerk
~Ivy W. Wright
Joseph H. White
General Supply Assistant
Gertrude E. D~acosta
Joseph A. Thompson
RSc ap Materials Sorter
Supervisory Clerical Assistant
Cl rk Checker
Abr ~am F. Gayle
Roy R. Wilferd
Isaa4 I. Stewart
Helper Liquid Fuels
George S. Spalding
Ruben D. Gibson
Ar ado Diaz
C. V. de la Cruz
B. G. Henriquez
Stephen S. Moore
Marie D. Edelen
Matt-hew M. Walcott
Joseph M. Hunt
James E. Stuart
Supervisory St ee
Cecil A. Pye
Helper Lock Operator
H~omer W. Watkins
G. de la Torre
Helper Lock Operator
Gilbert H. Davis
Lock Operator Iron
Sergio M. Peiialoza
Porter M. McHan
Lead Foreman Welder
Norman C. Anderson
Lock Operator Machinist
OCTOBER 7, 1960
A N NIVE RS A R IES
(On the basis of total Federal Service)
EM~PLOYEEs who were promoted or
transferred between August 15 and Sep-
tember 15 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
Gerard K. Schear, to Administrative Serv-
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Ivan R. Rettally, to Driver-Operator Fire_
Patrick F. McDonnell, to Police Sergeant.
Division of Schools
MrB Kath re T. Pil ,LMr kMdidred M
Doris. H. Willingham, Mrs. Yolanda C.
Rodriguez, Mrs. Patricia F. Van Evera,
Mrs. Wanda J. Jenkins, to Elementary
and Secondary School Teacher-
Asto dML Prc met,c to Snor High Prin-
ElEam ntadry Teer eL tinC m ric
Eileen I. Morris, from Student Assistant,
Electrical Division, to Student Aid.
Donald L. Nolan, from Student Assistant,
Maintenance Division, to Life Guard.
Daniel L. Jenkins, from Student Assistant,
Community Services Division, to Student
Charles L. McDonald, Laborer, from Locks
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Winston V. Bell, to Accounting Technician,
ENGINEERING AND CON-
John E. Sholund, Jr~, from Lock Operator
Machinist, LcsDivision, to Marine
Heriberto Pscual, Caleb Williams, Julio B.
Pinillo, to Seaman *
Mrs. Claire V. Hughes, to Clerk.
William R. Carlin, Jr., to Leader Electrician
Harry F. Shannon, from Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, Locks Division, to Ma-
Stephen R. Gordon, Gilberto Simancas,
James Morgan, to Asphalt or Concrete
Mixing` Plant Operator.
Nick M.. Elich, to General Foreman of
Pedro Martinez, Martin Hurtado, Juan Ri-
vera, to Quarryman.
George K. Babb, to Maintenanceman.
Alcides Alcaza, Hubert Harrxs, to Oiler.
Antenor J. de la Rosa, to Leader Blaster.
Prospero Rosas, Juan Rodriguez, to Leader
Fehipe Ortiz, Jos6 A. Nbiifez, Catalino Tu-
fi6n, Clifford James, Jos6 G. Cosio, to
Henry J. Walker, Pedro J. Bethancourt'
Luis A. Bedoya, Gabino Alveo, Zoila Ve-
Ibsquez, to Laborer.
Mrs. Ellen M. Robertson,- to Clerical Assist-
ant, Division of Preventive Medicine and
Doris R. Kintigh, to Miscellanleous Docum-
ments Exailiner, Office of the I~ireclar.~ ~
Sara E. Ay'ala, from Clerk, 1Electrical Di-
vision, to Clerk-Typist, Gorgas Hospital.
Samuel Moore, to Housekeeping Aid,
Domingo Saavedra, from Laborer, Com-
munity Services Division, to Kitchen At-
tendant, Coco Solo Hlospital.
Conrado V. Brown, to Maint'enanceman.
George D. Sun, to Welder.
James Francis, to Helper Carpenter.
Earnelio E onastH poeod Cal e
Homer W(. Watkins, to Towing Locomotive
John L. Irwin, to Lock Operator Machinist.
PaulmCave, to Lead Foreman Lock Opera-
Robet rGM F rsthe, to Leader Lock Op-
Wilton B. Jones, Carl S. Rose, Rudolph
Coppin, to Helper Lock Operator.
Luther G. Bradshaw, to Pilot.
Theodore F. Jablonski, to Pilot-in-Training.
Jorge A. Fuentes, Neville Reece, to Seamen.
Pedro A. Berru, to Deckhand.
Enrique Michelot, from Laborer, Terminals
Division, to Deckhand.
Theophilus Henry, from Clerk Checker,
Terminals Division, to File Clerk, Canal
Zone Employment Office.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Reginald H ynes, to H gh Lift Truck O-
Clayton J. Auble, William F. Robinson,
to Retail Store Manager.
Cornelius J. O'Sullivan, to Assistant Retail
Peter Neblett, George P. Hinds, Eric S.
Oakley, Prince A. Spencer, to Retail
Evelyn A. Hinds, to Meat Section Head.
George L. Douglas, to Truck Driver.
Gladys G. Berry, Carlota de Navarro, An-
gela E. Iturrado, Mrs. Miriam A. Riney,
to Laundry Checker
PI~cida M. Rodriguez, Olga E. Haynes,
Irene E. D. de Jacks, Leonor Castro,
Clover Jamieson, Catherine F. Blades,
Nicolasa B. de Valdks, to Presser.
James Griffith, to Leader Spotter
Herbert E. Atherton, Ruben D. Padmnore,
Albertina L. Wright, Wolsey S. Dick-
ens, to Leader Laundry Checker.
Bertha Augustin, Gladstone N. Lewis,
Evelyn E. St. Hilaire, to Leader Presser.
Godfrey G. Smith, to Washman.
Charles H~ogan, to Laundry Worker.
C~sar A. Subia, to Cook
Alton C. Grant, from Dock Worker, Ter-
mnls Divisin to Laborer Cleane .
Gordn B. Gori n, to Utility Worker.r.
Joaquin E. Triana, Berselio Canate, George
E. Farley, Jr., to Laborer Cleaner.
Teresa Dowman, Raul E. Codner, to Ware-
Mrs. Petronfla C. de Jim~nez, to Sales Sec-
- Narcise Olayvar, to Messenger, Office of
Wilfred Rouse, to Meat Packager.
Sylvester Rouse, to Leader Maintenance-
Edgar F. Drayton, Sylvert A. N. Smith,
Leonard W. Collins, to Leader Laborer.
Ernesta C. Aird, Linda R. Clarke, to Sales
Mildred R. Henry, to Grocery Worker.
Frank U. Holness, to Service Station At-
Winston Hi. Haughton, to Leader Painter.
Rosa J. Butterfield, to Utility Worker.
Elida E. Sandoval, Nethina Scott, to Sales
Vicn kR SB 'eCley landhWilliams, Wil-
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Motor Transportation Division
Mrec i innE. Chisholm, to Accounting
James W. Wind am, to Supervisory Gen-
L. Leroy Barfield, from Look Operator,
Locks Division, to Locomotive Engineer.
Jos6 A. Centeno, to Guard.
Gilbert F. Chase, to Leader Liquid Fuels
Hylton Em Cherie, to Car o Clerk.
Josk Del C. Flores, to Laborer.
Alvin E. Donaldson, from Kitchen Attend-
ant, Supply Division, to Dock Worker.
Manuel Contreras, Manoah Bright, Ricardo
Edarda echa an eto Hg Lft Irc
Humberto Doyle, to W~inchman.
Chanan Singh, from Deckhand, Navign-
tion Division, to Dock Worker.
PnoMorroNs which did not involve
changes of title follow:
William W. E. Hoyle, Senior Customs In-
Michael F. Greene, Senior Customs In-
Braxton W. Treadwell, Police Sergeant.
Leon N. Sharpensteen, Admeasurer, Na-
Mrs. Mary B. Egolf, Clerk Stenograph~er,
Office of the Director, Health Bureau.
Marvin Clumpus, Structural Engineer, En-
Edward H. Bensen, Marine Traffic Con-
troller, Navigation Division.
Mrs. Shirley M. Bates, Mrs. Abbie A.
Rocker, Mrs. Ramona J. Ireland, Staff
Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
Earl W. Sears, Administrative Services
Assistant, Office of the Chief, Community
Mrs. Gladys M. Hatch, Clerk-Typist, Di-
vision of Schools.
William G. 1Monroe, Joseph A. Janko,
Guard Supervisors, Locks Division.
George N. Ateek, Graduate Intern, Business
Administration, Supply Division.
Christopher T. Cox, Prepackaged Meat
Supervisor, Supply Division.
Mrs. Mary K. Ferguson, Sales Section
Head, Supply Division.
(See p. 22)
THE EPANAMA CANAL REVIEW
PROMOTIONS AND: TRA1NSERS
August 15 through September 75
50 Years Age '
CANAL BUILDERs had every reason to be
discouraged 50 years ago ~this month.
On October 22, Cucaracha Slide, on the
east side of the Cut, began what the
Canal. Rh~olar described as "the most
rapid movement 'of a Ilarge mass of earth
that has yet been experience .in the
excavation of Culebra Cut."
The toe of the slide advanced 75 feet
in 40 minutes, carrying awvay all four.of
the construction tracks on th~e east side
of the Cut,thus immobilizing16 Lidger-
wood flatcars,. two loomotives and: two
skc~lm shovels. j ;.
;A few days earlier a small. while had
developed on the n est ~liai of thie ~Cut
near Empire. The break in the.bank had
been widening for several days~afidl con-
struction forces had :time to move.the
vital water line and anchor 'the air main
securely before the slide reached thecin,
In the Gatun Lake area, where a
channel was being excavated, freshets in
the Chagres River both retarded and
assisted the work.HIi'gh iwaters twice
flooded the shovels,' whichl were worig
40 feet above sea level,.an-d forced them
(Continued from .p. 21)
Arthur L. Shanyfelt,. Guard, Industrial~ Di-
Harry Chalfy, Archie B. Carroll. Jr. Ru-
dolph Burdta, Robert Handcr, Optical
Technicians, Supply Div'ision. -
Man cu; .t. Grannum, Cecilio I. Griffin, Sales
Alton S. McCrae, U~tility Worker, Supply
Carlos Greene, Seamani Navigation Divi-
Beverly L. -Davis, Ruby S. Elcock, Andres
R. Ferguson, Nursing A-ssistants, Coco
Solo Hospital. '
Joseph S. Parris, Santiago Gonditlez, La-
borers, Supply Division.
Mrs. Evelyn J. Samuels, Sidney, A. Lind-
say, Mrs. Glendora T. Smile, Mrs. Ade-
laidie N. Niccolls,' Josephmie .Charles,
Otilia Pgrez, Lillian M. Bascoinhe, Lucy
A. Constable, Catherhlie P. Ambler, Ursil
L. Savoury, Lenora Johnson, PrFiscilla
Smith, Estella T. Nelson, Carmen A.
Richards. Lucy R. Blacknian, Rosalia
M(. Smith, Erna E. Layne, Dorothy E.
McDonald, Jaime T. Cliffoird, Violet
Williams, Sales Clerk, Supply Division.
tp suspend work for an entire day each
time. At flie same time, however, the
freshets swept away thousands of cubic
yards of material from the dumps along
the river, thus eliminating the necessity
of moving it
25.~Yealis .A go
THE '''iSIT OF ''President Franklin D.
Roosrvelt~ to the Ilsthmus was the big
news of the~ month 25 years ago. The
smiling "Coojd Neighbor" arrived in Bal-
bboa fromr CadliForniall aboard the light
cruiserr Hoquston and was greeted at
docksidei by. President Harmodio Arias
of Panama.and, Gov. Julian L. Schley of
the Cadnal Zonei.
under wvay in the Zone during the month
as the J. R..Jones Construction Company
received a rnillion-dollar contract for
:constr~iiction'of buiildings and roads for
th8: U:SI Navy's ammunition depots at
Co1-co Solo.and Balboa. Grebien & Mar-
tinez, a panama firm, made a lo~w bid
of $274,946 for construction work at the
nea\ tr\ otn~site of Gamboa. Earlier in the
Smo~nth. G~o\l es nor Schley announced that
he would request more than two million
dollars from the Bureau of the Budget
for construction of ,Canal Zone quarters
andic imlproc; ements to schools and docks.
1o Years Ago
THE CLOSE TIEs between the United
SStates and Panama were mentioned in a
seech by President Arnulfo Arias of
Panamst at the opening session of Pan-
ama's: National Assembly 10 years ago
"Pitnarna maintains the most cordial
relations with all democratic countries
'of the' world, especially those of the
WesterniHemisphere, he said. "Panama
has very special bonds with the United
States because of the 'Canal being lo-
cated in our territory and because of our
constantnt dealing with Canal Zone au-
thojrities, :dealings which always have
been frank and friendly," he said.
:.,~A polio epidemic swept the Isthmus
10 years ago. Ily the endof October, 15
cases:w~ere reported in Panama and 11
at Corgas Hospital-
Canail Zorie police- were placed on a
40-hour work week, effective October 1,
:and'54 Canal Zone postal employees re-
ceived~ pay increases as a result of three
'l~in~i eitygrade increases and credit for
~service iP the United States Postal
One Year Ago
MAJOR. CONSTRUCTION firm~~IS Ra. 01 P an-
amna and the United Stalteg'luSrne<;qut a
year ago .this .month. for ,a pre-bidding
.conference on the supe~rlstr.ucture. of,,Sthe
Balboa bridge. During the conference,
suceh matters as construction procedui-e,
type of steel to be used and safety pro-
Scediires- were discussed.
&he two: sh~ips of the Pansama Line
werei~ aiong hudrldlcs tied up -in Newi
LYork whetn a sulddein longshoremen's
~StrS~~ike immbil ized por-t albelationsj.
When thei stlikei ended two weeks later,
(the first of the Panama Liliers to, set sail
had 4,367 sacks of mail aboard.
SRETIREI~ENT certifiCateS were presented
at the end of September to thie em-
ploye~s' listed below, with their birth-
p places, positions, years of Canal service,
and future residence.
Teobaldo Lisandro Archbold, Colombia;
Leader Seaman, Atlantic Locks; 44 years,
11 months, 8 days; Colon.
Byron C. Bannister, Barbados, B.W.I.;
Laborer Cleaner, ,Schools Divisioni 20
years, 1 month; Pa~nama.
Francisco Barabona, Panama; Dock
Worker, Terminals Divisions .20 years,
4 months, 9 days; Panama~
Gerald Brennan, Massachusetts; C~hief
Towboat or Ferry Engineer, Dredging
Division; 14 years, 1l. month~,710: .days;
New Orlean, La. .
Paul R. Furr, Oklahoma; Polver Plant
Chief, Electrical Division; 38' years, 2
months, 14 days; undecided.
LeL older, Te~rmoinal D imi i; 33yars
8 months, 5 days; Kingston, Jamaica.
Willie J. Hatchett, Georgia; Machinist,
Locks Division; 19 years, 9 months, 15
Ada Justina Miller, Trinidad, BiW.I.;
Housekeeping Assistant, Community
Services Division; 32 years,*7 .months,
12 days; Colon.
James E. Snodgrass, West Virginia; Lock
Operator Machinist, Locks Division; 6
years, 7 months, 19 days; Floiida.
Milton Williams, Barbados,. B.W.I.; head
Dock Foreman, Terminals Division; 43
years, 6 months, 26 days; Colon.
OCTOBER 7, 1960
--~-- HL ST3R Y
:Members of the original Group Health Insurance Board of the meeting at which the action was taken probably will be the last
Canal Zone recently met and decided it might be time for some one held by the original Board, which is composed of Canal
..new faces on the Board, which has been in existence approximately employees only. Members at the meeting, from left to right, are
Four years. They voted to hold an election for new Board members Reginald Callenders Ellis L. Fawcett, Vice President; E. W. Hat-
December 4-9, with the new group to include representation from chett; Harold Williamns; Alfonso Alexis; Leroy Cockburn; Wilfred
among civilian employees of the military services and employees Barrow; Robert Van Wagner, President; Rufus Lovelady, Secretary;
of other U.S. Government agencies on th~e Isthmus, as well as the Henry T. Carpenter; Thomnas ]L. Sellers; Charles M. Brandl;
Canal organization. Because of the decision to hold an election, the William R. Dixon, an~d Joseph M. Watson.
,For Saifety's Sake
Use H-eadbone To Save Backbone
NOTABLE QUOTE: "LJ. A. alleges that
while moving 55-gallon drums of oil he
~sprained his back."
Did you know that weight-lifting has
-been scientifically evaluated by an au-
thority of note-Dr. Peter R. David, the
-author of "Human Anatomy and How
Dr. David says, WTihen you bend
over and lift 70 pounds from the floor
the pressure on your spine is 1,050
pounds! If you stoop without bending
'your back, lifting the same weight, the
pressure is only 220 pounds. What this
adds up to is that when weight-lifting,
it is better to bend the knees than bend
the back." .
Or, you can look at this way: 1,050
;pounds is equal to two 55-gallon drums
iof Epaint, one Volktswagen, one skid of
.paped .one-half ton of coal or 10 kegs
Ybu ;didn't kn~ow that fragile trunk-
F THE PANAMA C=ANAL REVIEW 23
line called the backbone could take so
much, did you?) Neither did wrel
But it is apparent it can't take it long.
That is why working men suffer so many
back injuries. No man would.ever want
to lay prone on the floor and have one
of the above items piled on him even
though his entire body would be taking
the load. But in trying to lift 70 pounds
in the wrong manner, a man unwittingly
places that tremendous load on just a
single part of his body-his backbone.
Use your head and save your back.
That bag of bones which holds us to-
gether can take only so much before
the day comes that it rebels and goes
off duty. When it does, you've got a
painful disabling injury on your hands.
FIRST AI D
TH IS YIEARZ
DISABLING D>AY S
'60 '59 60 '59
9 8 239 6037
92 87 13941 8841
YEAR TO DATE 1992
They ar'e the Franca C; and the Bianca
C"u bot ow e ann opead by tnA~
out of P~ort Everglades, Fla. The Biaca
C., a 20,000-ton ship, can carry 5r00
cruise passengers. It is scheduled to
make five calls at Cristobal. The firjt is
set for December 30 and subsequent
calls are scheduled for January 23, Feb-
ruary 6, February 20, and Marchi 6
The Franca C., only half the size of her~l
runniengC me, will lak oly one \.si
carry approximately 300 cruise pas-
sengers. Both vessels will be handledl at
the Canal by C. B. Fenton & Co.
Lvykes Line Renlacements
THE Zoella Lykes, second of the flee-t
of new cargo vessels now under con-
struction as replacements for the en~tirec
Lykes fleet, made her maiden vo age-
through the Canal early last month; eni-
route to the Far East. Typical, of the-
new replacement liners, theMZoella has
beautiful trim lines, the result of yean
of study by the Lykes staff to determrinlr
the essential characteristics of the mos~t
suitable type of ship for the company's
six trade routes, which span most of t'hc
globe. A new look on the high seas forl
freighter class liners, the new L! kes
ships do not have the big conventional
smokestack but dispose of engine roomr
gasses through two high velocity kiing
post-type smoke pipes. Gone also are the-
old type portholes which have been- l-
placed by rectangular shaped windlovi(
offering considerably more. visibility> .
Gas Turbine Sh~ip
THE FERST and only gas-turbine propeLl-
led ship flyixig the U.S. flag underwent
repairs at the Cristobal Industrial Di-
vision yards early last month. She n as~
the William Patterson, a converted \'ic -
tory ship powered by an experimenltail
freo-piston gas turbine. The ship is op-
erated by the U.S. Government. Th-e
repairs were made in Cristobal with- the
assistance of two engineers from C~en-
eral Motors and two other enginerrs
who travel on board to observe opera~-
tion of the experimental engines. W\ith
the new engines, the William Pattersonr
is able to operate at a speed of 15 knlots
on 170 barrels of fuel a day as compared
with 240 barrels of fuel a day for
speed- of 9X knots with regular enginlej.
The vessels sailed from the Canal onl
September 3, enroute to San Pedro anid
Korea. Panama Agencies representetl
the experimental ship at the Canal.
Chinese Cargo: Ships
TWO FORMEn victory ships, purchased
by Nationalist Chmna for use as "dry-
cargo vessels, are due to arrive at the
Canal during October on their way to
Formosa. They are the Hai Ya, formerly
the Empire Ancil, and the Hai Ou, ~the
former Empire Cutlass, both of which
were taken out of the national reserve
fleet base in James River, Va., during
July andr stehnt to T xatsh rats ttae o
vessels were built during the warbyhe
Consolidated Steel Corporation ofCal-
ifornia and will be used in trade between
Taiwan and Far East ports. They will
be operated by the Merchants Steam
`Navigation Company. C. Fernie & Co.,
local agents for this organization, rep-
resents several other of the company's
ships which transit the Canal on an
average of once a month,
Around the W~orld Service
ANrOTHER round-the-world freight serv-
ice was started in September by the
Marchessini Line, Inc., which now op-
erates a number of freighters on a run
between United States Gulf ports and
Ja an. Leading off the new service,
wlpich will include calls at Gulf Ports,
was the Eurymedon, sailing from Van-
couver on September 13 and- arriving
at Balboa for Canal transit on Septem-
ber 30. The ship will be followed by
TRANSITS B1Y OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN AUGUST
Comshiercial.. .. .. .. .. 888 912
U. S. Covernmeont. .. .. .. .. 15 14
Total... .,... 903 926
Cormmercial.... .$4,114,427 $41.5:`.769
Ui. S. Government 86,331 69,709
Total. .. .$4,200,758 $d4,6i59),478
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial. .. 4,543,688 5,364,618
U. S. Government 104,8'19 81,380
Total. .. 4,648,507 5,445,998
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small
the Eurydamas, sailing from Vancouver
on November 1. After leaving the Canal,
the vessels will call at Houston and New
Orleans before crossing the Atlantic to
Marseilles, Genoa, Leghorn, Naples, and
Alexandria. Other ports included in the
globe-girdling trip are Beirut, Singapore,
Hong Kong, and Japan. Payne &r Ward-
law represent the ships at the Canal.
New Cruise 'Vessels
AMVONG THE 20 or more cruise ships due
to visit Canal ports during the coming
winter cruise season are two newcomers.
The Dutch Shell Oil tanker Vivapara, assisted byt two Panama Canal tugs, enters Pedro
Miguel locks on her first trip through the Panama Canal. The ship, loaded with fuel oil,
was on her way from Arua to the United States West Coast. She returned through the
Canal on September 12 on her way back to Aruba. The Vivapara was built in Holland in
1957. is 660 feet long and has a gross tonnage of 20,634, which puts her into the super-
tanker class. She is operated by Shell Tankers and flies the Netherlands flag. Andrews & Co.
represents Shell Tankers on the Isthmus.
OctoBER 7, 1960
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