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Panama Canal review
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 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1960
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00208
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol


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Full Text

Two cats, spanking new
in a spanking breeze

rm a 1CANAL



Canal History


Do-it-yourself lounge .

H-ealth Bureau . .

Health Insurance



Praise for Panama Line .

Promotions and Transfers

Purchases in Panama .

Safety .

Scholarship Students


Worth Knowing

LATEST THING afloat in local waters these days is not the little rig
above-M~lelvin had to get into the act some way-but the beautiful
catamarans on the cover.
The "Wildcat," No. 59, belongs to Lynn Stratford and C. B. Douglas,
both power dispatchers at Miraflores. The other boat, somewhat un-
poetically named the "Pole Cat," is the joint property of J. E. Mc~iney
of the Abright Electric Construction Company, and C. B. Robertson, a
senior operator at the Madden power plant.
Catamarans, originally, were rafts or floats, of two or more logs or
pieces of wood, lashed together and moved by paddles or sails. For
hundreds of years they have been common on the coasts of South
America and in the Caribbean.
Today's catamarans, however, are far different from the original
model. They are twin-hulled sailboats, the two hulls connected by a
deck where the cockpit is located. Weighing only 238 pounds each,
they are 14 feet 6 inches long and 5 feet 10 inches wide and have
a draft of only a few inches. They carry 128 square feet of sail, in a
sloop rig, on their masts.
Because of their shallow draft they are one of the most easily handled
sailing craft ever seen, their owners declare. They transport without
difficulty on trailers and are easily launched and beached. Furthermore
they are exceedingly fast in the water.
The two catamarans shown on the cover were built by their owners
from kits shipped from England. The maker says that putting the
boats together takes about 100 manhours and the local builders found
this about right. The hulls are molded plywood and the other parts are
sheet plywood. The spars arrived ready for painting. The sails, of
dacron, are rot-proof.
Two more catamarans are now in the process of construction. Joint
owners of these craft are Wally Pierson and Pepe Ehrman, for one,
and Jack Carlson and Charles Bowen, for the other.





W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant Governor



wlILLIAM G. AREY, JR. Official Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistants
ma Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

APRms 1, 1960

'In Thcis Issue

Construction program
may be accelerated

PLANS TO speed up the $9 million housing program for
its permanent U~nited States citizen employees are now
under consideration by the Company-Government.
This acceleration is the major proposal to alleviate the
present tight housing situation in which a number of
families are living in unsatisfactory units or outside the
districts where they are employed.
It would involve increasing the total number of apart-
rnents to be provided and concentrating as much of the
construction as possible in 1961 and 1962. At the same
time, an examination is being made of the necessity of
utilizing some of the quarters now occupied by non-em-
ployees of the Company-Government.
At the present time, 45 apartments are under construc-

tion at La Boca, scheduled for completion by September,
although it is possible that some of the apartments may
be finished before then. In such cases, it is customary to
assign new housing as the units become available.
The original schedule for the coming fiscal year, 1961,
called for 81 apartments. The Company-Government is
now trying to increase this figure to 110 apartments.
These would be located in Balboa H-eights, the Ancon
Hospital area, the Balboa Flats, and La Boca. Many of
the quarters scheduled for this year are to be three- and
four-bedroom apartments, suitable for large families.
A similar acceleration is planned for fiscal year 1962,
although the details have not been as completely develop-
ed as those for fiscal year 1961. Fiscal year 1962 will be the



Supply and Community Service Bureau
latest winner of the


Bigger families, more employees
cause housing shortage

first year that the construction of bach-
elor units will be included in the pro-
Also scheduled for fiscal year 196S2
are four units in the Gamboa Peniten-
tiary area, to house officers assigned to
duty at the penitentiary.
Unfortunately, housing construction
in La Boca must be coordinated with
the construction of the new $20-million
bridge over the Canal. The final housing
units to be built in this area cannot be
completed until fiscal year 196i3.
A need for improvement in the hous-
ing situation for United States citizen
employees of the Company-Govern-
ment organization--but not the acute
situation which has developed--was
foreseen over 18 months ago when the
Panama Canal Company's Board of Di-
rectors approved a "Master Housing
Plan" for the replacement of all sub-
standard housing by the end of fiscal
year 1965.
Because there is little suitable land
available for the construction of the new

housing within the present towns and
because the Company-Goverment plans
no new communities that is, no comn-
plete new towns-old and obsolete quar-
ters have had to be torn down to make
room for the new housing. This wras
predicted at the time the housing plan
was approved.
Two additional factors, increased
employment and the marital status of
the new employees, have made the
housing situation even less satisfactory
than had been expected when the over-
all program was planned.
The United States citizen force has
been increased slightly over that which
was planned when the housing require-
ments were laid out. Additional em-
ployees have had to be hired to handle
the rapidly-increasing number of tran-
In February, for instance, force re-
ports show a personnel increase of
19 employees for maritime operations
alone. Ten of these new employees were
assigned to the Locks, three to the

Navigation Division, four to units con-
cerned with vessel repairs, and two
others to terminal operations.
On the other hand, there are more
married employees, especially married
employees with families, on the list of
prospective employees than in the past.
This is particularly true of the personnel
for the Canal Zone's hospitals, and for
the Division of Schools.
Several years ago, the married intern
was the exception rather than the rule.
This year, 70 percent interns being
considered for appointment beginning
in July are married, and several of these
have children. A number of teachers
who have applied for expected vacancies
in the Canal Zone schools have four or
more dependents.
This was an upset to plans made some
years ago. At the time the master plan
was worked out, estimates were made
on a greater number of bachelors and on
a lesser number of families, 'especially
those with two or more children, than
now appear likely.

THE SUPPLY AND Community Service
Bureau, whose activities include such
high risk operations as warehousing,
materials handling, and scrap opera-
tions, is the latest winner of the Gov-
ernor-President Annual Safety Trophy.
Although this is the first year that this
Bureau, as now organized, has earned
-the award, the former Community Serv-
ices Bureau which is now part of Supply
and Community Service won the annual
safety trophy in 1955.
The award has been made annually
since 1954 to the Company-Government
Bureau achieving the highest percentage
imnp' o\.emeit in the disabling accident
frequency rate over its own previous
three-year average. The award is based

on Egures for the previous calendar
year. Just as the award which was made
in 1954 is based on figures for 1953,
this year's award is based on achieve-
ment for calendar year 1959.
Competition by each Bureau with it-
self provides a fair competitive basis
and avoids any handicap for a Bureau
having more hazardous operations than
Winning of the safety trophy by the
Supply and Community Service Bureau
was considered particularly significant
in view of the Bureau's high-risk opera-
tions. It climaxes a steady climb in im-
provenient in accident prevention since
1953 when, the two major units which
now make up the present Bureau had

a total of 76 disabling injuries. This is
a marked contrast to th~e eight disabling
injuries reported during the past cal-
endar year.
Using the 1953 rate as a base the two
Bureaus now combined into the Supply
and Communityi Service Bureau have
saved the Panama Canal Company,
during the succeeding six years, no less
than 323 disabling injuries and over
Previous winners of the Governor-
President Safety T~rophy, and the years
for which the awards were made, are:
Health Bureau, 1953; Community Serv-
ices Bureau, 1954; Health Bureau, 1955
and 1956; and Transportation and Ter-
minals Bureau, 1957 and 1958.

APRms 1, 1960


PAUL A. BENTz, top legal man in the Panama Canal organization for the past i20 years,
will sail this month for New York, en route to Asheville, N.C. There he and Mrs. Bentz
will set up housekeepmng as soon as they can find a house which will hold Mr. Beritz's
wide and varied collection of books and his wife's easels and other art equipment.
Yesterday he joined the ranks of the retired after an association with Canal affairs
'" ':''' which dates back to 1928 when he was appointed to codify the Canal Zone's laws, a
J job never before undertaken. In 1934 he became a member of the General Counsel's
/- staff and two years later was appointed Assistant General Counsel. He had held the
top legal post since 1940, when he succeeded Frank H. Wang.

LT. COL. ROBERT DUiNCN Bjlo\Ns. Isi, Engineer!inS anJ Conjtr.uctiio DilectOr for

ap~pro\.ed r.Ecen-tl\. bi\ ther beeCritai\ of thet .11mll .
.As EngiicIineeig anId Co-nstru~l tcton Dir ei ctor. he iS also) the Conlltraci t Officer. fr the.
Panamla Canal Company In- ths-e pols~itions. he ke-ps; an Ieyei onI ther Comlpany -
Cornlemment constructlhon Plagra~m. the Ilarllct su-lce the Thirdl-Lotks project was1
started inl 19 39. Ther aluthorizationI for.Ir rnetellrcsio of~ Co:loneil 1 :? Brou's touril took nocte
of( the- fac t tha~t morle di\er ified co-nst Incr.tio:n 1 underI wai or abo;Ii~ut to, be started in
cornne~ctlon writh. the Canll~ls mol(de:rnizationi thanl hals been uncks~~taken in all0~ of he
!eals since thec Panarna~ Ca~nal wa.s openedci inl 191-1.

iow~ L.1no W. Hitzano Uniteid States Diitric-t .1ttornetl fin theC Cjnal Zone1 foT the Past
eiht !ears, wadS conlhllmed bi! the Senadtr Jlat mni(lth for. an-other eiclht-war tour of
;1 duty The Siinate onnla~'lltllon wasd male In1 open~ jie slanl a1 month 3go to~da..
.1 r. Hazald, \ he comlies fromn Rhode~ Island. is. a ladual~te of HoyI\ CrIoss and
F" 1 eleonUltate H a enaZna ce14 hnh aet
r Ijthmius as .Assistanit Dijh iit Attorney. InI FebrIualr\, 1452, h~e wa..s alPpoin-ted Dijti ict
j. a~~.ttonelnc. succee~ding Dainirl E. Mlcdrath, \? he had held thei Distli it .1ttorlnev's office
? ilor the Previous' 13 !.ears. Mr1. Hazrdl.I \lhel is 1 b.c hlllorl. li\ es ini Balhon. Mlost ofr his
spare time, wrhen- he is nout deep lin lan~ bJooks. is slpent onl thei golf` c oulse.


Sharks, and how to get along with or without them, are the
subject of a deep-sea research made in Isthmian waters last
month by Art Linkletter of radio-TV fame. Accompanied by
his wife, who always travels with him, the famed artist of the
airwaves boarded a specially-equipped tuna fisher for Panama
Bay where sharks abound. He expects to use the material
gathered here for a 30-minute program he is preparing on Dr.
Wheeler North of the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, one
of whose projects has to doi with the use of shark repellant.

T"*on memberr of the H-ouse Mer~chant Manrinle and Fiiheiies
Committee. Representaise Hei bert C. Bonlner. left and Repre-
sentatise Thor Tollefion. \\ere Zone \isitors during Madrch.

APRIL 1, 1960O

Worth knowing...

THE ANNUAL budget review, made each year by a com-
mittee from ~the Panama Canal Company's Board of Di-.
rectors, is scheduled this year for April 30 and May 1, 2,
and 3 in the Canal Zone. The committee will examine
both operations arnd capital budget for Fiscal Year 1962
and, as in the past, will probably make a field inspection
of most of the capital additions arnd replacements. Mem-
bers of the committee are: Robert P. Burroughs, Ralph H.
Cake, M/aj. Gen. Glen E. Edgerton, and Howard C.

CLOSE TO 2,000 pupils in the ~first through sixth grades of
the Canal Zlone's Latin Amnerican schools are foreseen by
Schools officials, looking forward to opening day on May
2. The actual predictions are: 1,94-3, in ~first through sixth
grades; 1,061 in seventh through ninth grades, 914 for
the high schools; and 63 for kindergarten, for a total of
3,981. This would be 129 more than the enrollment of
3,852 at the end of the preceding school year.

EVERYWHERE One turned last month there seemed to be
visitors. There were Congressmen, servicemen, newsmen,
engineering consultants, contractors' representatives and
dozens of others. At the right are a few of the thousands
who dropped in on the Canal Zone in March. I

Bm~S ARE To be opened today on a project which will
involve the transfer of the Margarita Post Office from a
now over-size building constructed during the Third
Locks days to a central location in the Mlargarita Service
Center. Tihe newv Mvargarita Post Office will: be similar in
size, shape, and design to that recently opened at Coop
Solo. It will have between 500 and 600 boxes, in seven

THE ISTHMIAN Historical Society will honor its founder
and first president next Tuesday when the group sponsors
an "autographing party" for Mrs. C. S. McCormack, latest
Canal Zone author. Mrs. McCormack's new book, "South
to Panama," which is a novel of the early construction
period, carries a foreword by Governor Potter. It was
placed on sale last month in the Canal Zone's retail out-
lets. The "autographing party" will follow a short meeting
at the Tivoli.

UNITED STATES CitiZens who are qualified to vote by ab-
sentee? ballot in the 1960 elections may obtain just about
any information they need on voting qualifications, regis-
tration requirements, and ways of applying for an ab-
sentee ballot from special pamphlets and charts which
were received last month. The voting information is avail-
able in the office of all Bureau Directors, Division heads,
and chiefs of independent units in the Canal organization
as wel as in the Canal Zone Library* 1 1'

Operation Banyan Tree II, an international
military maneuver, brought thousands of
visitors to the Isthmus last month. There
were not only the troops, from several
nations, but also the military and civilian
observers, the latter including newspaper,
radio, and TV representatives from the
United States and Latin America. At right,
members of the Latin American Defense
Board during a visit to the Miraflores Locks.

Tlhe dr ra ca n breeze whipped up the dust as the big planes landed
at Rio Hare, during one phase of Operation Banyan Tree II.

Plans for deepening and widening the Pan-
ama Canal so that it can handle more and
bigger ships were discussed last month by
Dr. S. C. Hollister, internationally-known
civil engineer and chairman of a Consul-
tants Committee for Congress. From left,
Dr. Hollister; Lt. Gov. John D. McElheny;
SJohn D. Hollen, Chief of the Executive
4.. Planning Staff, and Lt. Col. R. D. Brown,
.T-.. Jr., Engineering and Construction Director.

Abose. ronn- ofI the new..menT1 wrho) witnewe~~d Bans anl Treet 11 sur-
round C.usernor Potter after he briefed theml oni Canal olperations.


: M

Second of a Series

Robert Van Wagner, who provided the in-
formation below, has been appointed to
the newly-created post of Employees Serv-
ices Officer for the Personnel Bureau.

THE UNITED STATES Civil Service Com-
mission has found that the Employee
Group Health Insurance Board of the
Company-Government organiza-
tion qualifies as an "employee orgamiza-
tion" and can participate in the benefits
provided by Public Law 86-382 (The
Federal Employees Health Beneflits Act).
Formal notification was received from
Andrew E. Ruddock, Director of the
Bureau of Retirement and Insurance,
in February. Subsequently, the details
of The Panama Canal Health Plan were
submitted to the Commission and on
March 4, verbal approval of the plan
was given to the President of the Group
Health Insurance Board when he was
in Washington.
This means that those employees who
wish to continue their present Health
Plans, as approved by the Civil Service
Commission, may do so. For those em-
ployees who have not enrolled in any
plan, enrollment: is open to them in
either the Panama Canal Health Plan or
the American Federation of Govern-
ment Employees Health Plan. The
AFGE has, of course, been qualified as
an employee organization and its Health
Plans have been submitted to the Comn-
mission for approval.. .
It was mentioned mna previous issue
of THE REVI~w that each employee will
have free choice to select the plan that
best meets the needs of himself and his
family.- The law is quite specific on this
point. The employee will receive the
particulars of all plans available to him,
so that he can make an informed choice.
The distribution of brochures describing

each of the approved plans and the two
Government-wide plans will be accom-
plished sometime in May.
At this writing, information on the
two Government-wide Health plans is
still incomplete. These are the Indem-
nity Benefit Plan and the Service Benefit
Plan. Only a tentative submission has
been made to the Commission of these
plans and it would be confusing to make
any announcement on them at this time.
Q. Will I be able to continue my
Health Benefits coverage after I
A. Yes, if you meet certain require-
ments. These requirements are:
1. You must retire under the
Civil Service Retirement
2. You must retire after the date
the Health Benefits pro-
gram became effective-
that is after the first day of
your first pay period which
began on or after July 1,
1960. This is July 10, 1960
for the Company-Govern-
3. When you retire, you must
have been enrolled in an
approved plan for at least
the shorter of the following
two periods of time:
a. The five years of serv-
ice immediately before
your retirement.

b. All your service be-
tween the time you
first had the opportu-
nity to enroll and the
time you retire.
4. You must have at least 12
years of service or retire
because of disability. (The
12 years service can in-
clude military service, but
must include at least 5
years of civilian service.)
5. You must retire on an im-
mediate annuity-that is,
the beginning date of your
annuity must be not later
than one month after your
separation from service.
Q. How can I prepare myself to make
"an informed choice" of a plan
that will be best for me?
A. Your Bureau will have a Health
Benefits representative and coun-
selors who will see that all litera-
ture is made available to you
and through whom arrangements
will be made for you to attend
orientation meetings where the
plans will be explained.
Q. If I do not enroll in a plan by July
1, 1960, may I enroll at a later
A. Yes, but the next "open season" for
enrollment will be October 1961.
It therefore behooves you to get
this protection for yourself and
your family before July 1, 1960.

APRmo 1, 1960

1 /

A Message to Employees

on Health Insurance

TIhese people direct the activities of the Hlealth Bureau. For identification, see key on page 15.

RESPONSIBILITY for the health of all the residents of the
Canal Zone rests in the hands of some 1,241 full-time and
45 part-time employees of the Health Bureau, the second
largest of the eight Bureaus which comprise the Com-
pany-Government. It is one of the two Bureaus operated
hI~ Congressional appropriations which are repaid to the
linited States Treasury by the Panama Canal Company.
WVith its four major hospitals and its first aid stations,
thet Bureau sees that the employees stay well, or makes

them healthy. Its Division of Sanitation keeps the area
clean and free from insects which carry disease. T~he Di-
vision of Veterinary Medicine inspects food and food
processing plants. Preventive Medicine and Quarantine
prevents disease from encroaching into the Canal Z;one.
And Vital Statistics provides much needed data.
Some of the Bureau's people and the jobs they do are
reported on the following pages.

BIRTHS AT SEA and deaths at sea, regis-
tered at the first port of call, become
part of the thousands and thousands of
names and data on the records filed al-
phabetically and by years by the Canal
Zone Registrar of Vital Statistics. Until
1950, records were also kept for Pan-
ama and Colon. Since that year, the vital
statistics pertain to the Canal Zone
alone, with an average of 130 births
and some 30 deaths added each month
to the miles of square feet of files.

There are tens of thousands of names in Doris Kintigh's files



3 ~'iL~;' ''' '(.. .''.: 1'"E~t~~sOl
i. : :..
': .it~bl

: !~iSl~:: '~ji~
zf;, 3i~L .
.~ ~PJUF~; ':I~

Histoplasmin-tuberculin tests were given to thousands of boys
and girls in the Canal Zone's schools during the past 12 months.

Medicine and Quarantine

HEALTHI PROBLEMS OF the community are the primary
concern of the Division of Preventive Medicine and Quar-
antine. Its responsibilities range from the operation of six
community health centers, plus a first aid station for in-
dustrial medical emergencies, to school health physical
examination and disease control programs; administra-
tion of maritime and aircraft quarantme laws, and tech-
nical supervision of the consolidated boarding parties in
maritime matters.
The Division also maintains international liaison with
preventive medicine authorities, with a direct interchange
of disease information between the various health~ admin-
The community health centers, to "which 19,994 patient
visits were made over the past five months, relieve the
busy hospitals of well-baby care, immunizations, and
minor medical treatment. These centers are operated at
Coco Solo, Gatun, Margarita, Balboa, Rainbow City, and
Paraiso. Another station, providing frst aid for industrial
medical emergencies, is in the industrial area of Mount
Hope, under the professional direction and supervision
of this Division.
Because of the distance of the town of Gamboa from
the nearest hospital, the only district medical clinic in the
Canal Zone is operated there, under Gorgas Hospital.
The chest X-ray survey of all employees and resident
members of their families is conducted by the Division
on a continuing basis.
The School Health Program includes a dental survey of
2,793 children in the Second, Fourth and Eighth Grades
and was augmented th~e past year by an extensive histo-
plasmin-tuberculin skin testing program, done jointly with
the staff at the Middle America Research Unit, for all
Canal Zone children. This program involved 9,248 skin
Under the poliomyelitis vaccination campaign, vaccine
is available free of charge at the various community health
centers. During the past year 9,434 p~oliomyelitis inocula-
tions were administered.
TThe Quarantine Section guards against the introduc-
tion of disease into the Zone from shis using the water-
way and from aircraft on international flights. Although
quarantine inspections are conducted by members of the
consolidated boarding party who are employees of the
Marine Bureau, the Division of Preventive Medicine and
Quarantine is responsible for the administration of all
laws, rules, and regulations governing maritime and air-
craft quarantine, with the exception of matters pertaining
to animal quarantine.

H-er young patient doesn't seem at all disturbed as Nurse Jackie
Mitchusson makes an ear inspection at the Balboa First Aid Station,


On Cristobal docks, Raymond G. Bush, Sanitation Inspector, and
Florencio del Valle, patrolman, finish the check on a berthed vessel.

APRmL 1, 1960

Division of Prev~entive

Staff members of Coco Solo Hospital, left to right: Dr. J. W. Hearn, Chief of OB-GYN Service; Dr. Jacob Finkelstein, outpatient service;
Dr. L. M. Rettinger, OB-GYN Service; Dr. Oren C. Irion, Chief of Medical Service; Dr. Ronald Moore, OB-GYN Service; Dr. P. Hartwell,
Dental Service; Dr. F. E. Riefktohl, Medical Service; Miss Florence Edbrooke, director of Nursing Service; Dr. Willard French, Chief of
Dental Service; Dr. John G. Maxwell; Dr. Charles A. Abildgaard, Chief of Pedriatics; Dr. Evelyn B3arraza, Chief, Ear, Nose and Throat
Service; and Dr. William Jackson, Medical Service. Staff members absent at the time the picture was taken include Lt. Col. Ralph E.
Conant, Superintendent; Dr. Wilbur Whitsell, Jr., Surgical Service; Dr. Harry Westerberg, Chief, Surgical Service; Dr. Jaime Barraza,
Chief, EENT Ser-vice; Dr. Henry De La Garza, acting chief, outpatient service; Dr. William Heidenreich, radiologist; and Dr. W~illiam
Wynne, of the Dental Service. Miss Edbrooke retired at the end of March after 23 years' service with the Canal Zone Government.

Originally constructed for the care of
male patients, whose numbers included
many victims whose ships had been tor-
pedoed during the war years, Coco Solo
H-ospital underwent some improvements
at the time of the transfer in 1954, and
much-needed remodeling will soon be
under way.
Its children's ward is particularly at-
tractive; the walls are decorated in
hand-painted murals which carry out
an animal theme. The murals were
painted in 1955 by Victor Clarke, fa-
ther-in-law of David C. MlcIlhenny, ad-
ministrative officer at the hospital, and
father of Mrs. Dora McIlhenny, assistant
librarian at the Cristobal Branch Libra-
ry. Mr. Clarke, who had spent some

time in the Canal Zone, died in 1956
while on his way home to England. In
this ward, too, is a TV set, a gift that
came all the way from Aruba-from the
American Legion Auxiliary there.
Of Coco Solo Hospital's specialized
clinics, the busiest the past year was the
dental clinic, which treated 5,275 pa-
tients, and the prenatal clinic was sec-
ond, with 3,433 patients.
One of the most unusual jobs at this
Hospital is Fred Workman's, for he is
funeral director as well as executive
housekeeper. The housekeeping staff
of 15, which includes chauffeurs, tai-
10rs and linen handlers, has charge of
the hospital from the operating room
through the entire plant itself.

MEN WHO FOLLow the sea still consti-
tute a good cross-section of the patients
of Coco Solo Hospital. Now staffed by
231 persons, it was built during World
War II for the care of Navy personnel,
and was formally transferred by the
United States Na~y to the Canal Zone
Government on September 1, 1954.
Significant of its importance to the
seaport of Cristobal is one entry in the
h-ospital's annual report, where house
and ship calls are combined to show a
total of 550 for the past fiscal year.
Besides these, about 60,850 out-patients
and an average of 85 in-patients daily
were treated at the hospital during the

At the Records Section of the Atlantic side's hospital, from left:
David C. McIlhenny, administrative officer: Mrs. Norma C. Belland,
supervisor; Mrs. Elaine E. Heyd, clerk; and Von R. H-unt, file clerk.

Ambulances from Coco Solo Hospital frequently make trips to the
Cristobal docks, carrying doctors to patients or, as in the case below,
removing a bedridden merchant seaman to the hospital for treatment.

AFTER SOME 78 YEARS, Gorgas Hospital, the major health
institution in the Canal Zone, is still going strong but is
due for a complete revamping in the near future. This will
be the fourth major reorganization of the hospital which
was built by the French in 1882, rebuilt by the Americans
in 1904, and rebuilt again after the end of the construc-
tion period.
Like Rome on its seven hills, Gorgas Hospital is built
on seven levels on Ancon Hill. The physical plant consists
of 366,234 square feet of floor space, and there are ap-
proximately 9 miles of total corridor space, about 2V/2
miles of which are used as thoroughfare corridor.
Besides the staff men, residents, interns, nurses and
nursing assistants usually synonymous with a hospital,
there are 31.19 t-mployees~t at Gorgas who work behind the
scenes, generally unseen by the patients, 291,117 of whom
went through the hospital's portals the past year. Of these
patients, 103,460 were admitted as in-patients.
Last year 1,;35,178 items of linen were used by the
hospital's 103,460 patients. The linens, which come under
the jurisdiction of the housekeeping department, number
57,390 pieces and include a stock of about 4,500 diapers.
Each item is marked Gorgas Hospital, together with the
date, so that the durability can be calculated. The house-
keeping staff includes seamstresses who make, or mend,
many of the items stocked. Last year they made over
5,000 new items and mended almost 30,000.
The Central Supply Section at Gorgas Hospital serves
as a medical supply depot and requisition center, not only
for Gorgas but for all the Health Bureau. Except food, all
purchases from a common pin to an operating table are
made by this Section, which has about 3,000 items in
inventory stock.
All the drugs for Corozal and Palo Seco are requisition-
ed from this Section. Coco Solo Hospital does its own
ordering of medical supplies from the medical depot at
Madden u sec but when supplies are required from the
States, the order is processed through Gorgas Central
Supply Section.
Gorgas has a brace shop as complete as many found in
cities of 100,000 or more. This shop and the physical
therapy section often work together, with braces some-
times providing the outside aids in physical therapy, as
in cases when braces are used to replace or aid in replace-
ment of nveh~iliti of limbs affected by disease or injury.
The physical t-herapy section itself is becoming familiar
to incireasingl numbers of patients, who are treated there
for many types of injuries and illnesses.
Preparation of food is another one of the specialized
tasks at Gorgas. In addition to the regular kitchen, which
prepares the meals for most of the in-patients,,there is a
diet kitchen. Patients are given a menu for the next day's
meal and may select from this list the food which is
delivered in pushcarts which have refrigerated and heat-
ed sections.

ON THIS PAGE~: Nursing service: Miss Irene A. Ladrach on night
duty: Dental Clinic: A. M. McCormack, laboratory technician, Dr.
William Baird. Mrs, Billye Henry, dental technician; Physical
Theraps, William Lovell, a patient, Mrs. Mildred Kopf, registered
nhysi~cal therapist, Fred A. Dube, ortholiedic technician; Linen
Room: Zolla del Castillo, Daisy Drakes, Marie Toupin. seamstresses,
Mrs. Eva Harte, assistant housekeeper; Central Sueply: Mrs. Betty
Mlorr~is, storekeening clerk. Mrs. Helen Plunier, drug clerk; Food
Service: Mrs. Addie Colclasure, dietitian, John P. Simmons and
Cecil G. Wilmot, bakers.


Belowr are~ the chie!-- of G~orea, flnonital'. variousl men\ ice-: From
left: Dr. Frank P. smiith. Medicine. Dr. Essanie P. Shirokos\. Sur-
er!: Dr. Robert H. Runn. Fle Dr. Carl 11. Liineback;. Eur. None
anid Throat: Dr. Harold 4lioniatio n. Pathlous.c\ D3r. Danliel Hlirhi.
Pediatrics: DrI. I nlobert Berlge.l. Oult-p~itienlt: D~r. Lew~is E. FI)n-
'p'inellecl. Pentiser\ l~ B (aen.i .e. juna Si. and log .ur~i~nc.uli
Ur. In~inS J. Strunilpl of the Obsterric, and Gi\lrneoclg verrsce


1_ 2 Ar ra ni. 1, 196

r .

rl'~L I
r'S -
rl-~ ~~
f:i e
c.'..-;.. .LT"..*, \I


MEDICAL TREATMENT and common sense are' used to aid
~I--. patients at Corozal H-ospital, the sole psychiatric hospital.
~3~J~ in the Canal Zone for the institutional care and treatment
of mental illness. The patients are in. two groups, the
mentally ill and the so-called chroniccs" homeless old
ex-employees of the Panama Canal who, for one reason
or another, require institutional care.
The present-day patients at Corozal, no longer shut in
I by barred windows, hold dances to music of their own
orchestra, have their own beauty shop, a kitchenette
rre where one-time cooks and potential cooks are encouraged
to try their hands at the culinary art, participate in an
expanded recreational program, and have a good record
for recoveries. Graphically they illustrate the great strides
taken in the care of mentally ill since the day when such
patients were fist cared for in the old Frenlch quarters
at Miraflores.
On one wall in th"e office of Lt. Col. Arthur L. Hessin,
superintendent at Corozal Hospital, hangs a chart which
shows the status of the patients, two-thirds of whom are
Smen. In January 1959 there were 246 patients, three or
,four of whom had become well enough adjusted to go on
extended visits to their families. In January 1960, out of
226 patients, 15 were able to goon trial visits home.
About six months ago a program was initiated whereby
certain patients are able to go out on daily passes. These
'E~bj~T~patients through the years had lost all contact with family
or relatives, in whose custody normally they would have
a~~* been released. With the passes, they are able to take
part-time jobs such as painting, .cleaning up yards, or
New ideas in mental health bring greater freedom to patients. working in gardens.

ITS SCENIC CHARM prObably influenced Col. William C.
Gorgas when he chose the site in 1907 for the Palo Seco
Leprosarium. The colony, which cares for all the leprosy
cases discovered in Panama and the C~anal Zone, sits on
a promontory overlooking the entrance to the Panama
Dr. Ezra Hurwitz is Palo Seco's mayor, mentor, doctor,
and friend to the patients. He was the first resident doctor
at the colony an~d has been there some 33 years. Mrs. .
H-urwitz, who was a bride when she came to Palo Seco .
from her home in Panama, has been described as "minister .. 3
without portfolio in charge of social service."
During the past fiscal year only one new patient was
admitted, a native of Colombia who had resided in Pan-
amaa seven years. One hundred and twenty-two patients
were at the Leprosarium at the end of t-he year, 111 of
them beneficiaries of the Republic of Panama, and 11 of
the Canal Zone Government. These latter were former
Canal employees, or members of employees' families.
The youngest patient is seven years old. The oldest is etPyj
80 and retains a remarkably youthful look. O,,Gi:SS 5;
The colony has single rooms for bachelors and apart-
ments for married couples. The patients eat either in the
central dining hall, or prepare their own food, if they r
About 45 patients work for Palo Seco as orderlies, .
waiters, carpenters, or general maintenance men, and .
receive a regular wage. Some 18 others occupy them-
selves with farming and fishing. Mrs. Hurwitz always finds time to pause for a chat.

14 APRIL 1, 196g0

Keyed in by numbers to the picture
on page 9: 1. Lt. Col. H~arvey E. Meagh-
er, Assistant to Director; 2. Dr. Ken-
neth C. Zimmerman, Acting Chief, Di-
vision of Veterinary Medicine; 3. R. A.
Sylvestre, Administrative Assistant; 4.
Lt. Col. Arthur L. Hessin, Superinten-
dent, Corozal H~ospital; 5. Col. Clark
B. Meador, Director, Gorgas Hospital;
6. Col. Thomas G. Faison, H~ealth Bu-
reau Director; 7. Miss Martha R. Pod-
bielski, Secretary; 8. John P. Smith, Jr.,
Chief, Division of Sanitation; 9. Dr.
Ezra H~urwitz, Palo Seco Leprosarium
Superintendent; 10. Mrs. Marcia Van
Horne, Administrative Assistant; 11. Dr.
Bernard K. Levin, Acting Chief, Divi-
sion of Preventive Medicine and Quar-
antine; 12. Alvis B. Carr, Administra-
tive Assistant; 13. W~illiam Brown, As-
sistant to H~ealth Director; 14. L~t. Col.
Ralph E. Conant, Superintendent, Coco
Solo Hospital. Dr. Sidney B. Clark, newr-
ly appointed Chief of the Division of
Preventive 1Medicine and Quarantine,
had not arrived in the Canal Zone at the
time the picture was taken. Dr. Robert
G. Matheney, Chief of the Division of
Veterinary Medicine, was in the United
States on leave.

thr first catse. Even thle Canal Zoner Ihil-
sire~n were ulertedl to notify the Divisionl
whellneverl a but wans foul~nd in thel Zonelc
c~ommull~nities. Ther sp~an o.f palrticipationl
inl ther sur~vey~ Iprogram ranlge~s fro-m the
Zonelt school chiklreln to the Wo'crld
Henith Orlganizationl. Andi in be~tweenl
thelre are health anld agiricultural agen-
cies inl the. Zonec anid thie Repulblic of
Parnama, the Armerd Serv ices, the Mid-
diec Ameiriica Research Un~it,. and Congas
Me (monlial Labo:laltor .

tiel of aiinriml diseases tranlimi~ssbler to

ofr food() higlrTne prc~ti~es unlthin the
Zoncr. and in spec tionr of app'trot ed food
Soullces oultSidel the Zone, m-edical anid
su~rrical tris-lmniit oi disease in aInimals

Inspe?1 Ctio-nsj of approte\ d food p~roce-s-
zing estabhllshmicnts ofi Pan-ama anid ther
Canal1~ Zonet tlotalledc LETT; the pasit er
andl Iinclu~ded fish andlc shrim-n p patkmy
p~lants, abattnirr. bultterT pack~aging~ units-
100 Clleanr anrd (* ltcr Oldnlldellf~chrill6
I;tablishmernr-~~. It\ hele~ra bo~ttling planlts.
c~onfcew tionariels.. who~lesale; ma~rkcts.
larms colld stlilage depoc.ts. mInlk pas-
teut izlnt plants anld mnll\ o~thers.
The Aniimal Q~uaranltine Statioln-Hos-
prtal at CIroczal reported 7.003II animal
Patlt-nt days anjld .662~ \iSlts tO thr' out-
patir-nt rlmicl during~ thei pas''t \ler. Theset
hMorts alre In additionl- to, 13.399C ronfinet-

?r r..2
Samluel Hart. one of the l'eterinaur\ Medical
Aids, shows\ his bat-crarching t~c~hnique.

FOR NI. IRL1 IllL. a Lenhill\ nO cJ~t* O-F

Ihe Isthmus.~ Then laist juner twoc cow~s
Or bu~t rabil \ I. trl.,le l .Iound nd alr-l eath-
Ing~ Zirri_ \\.1 w as egu immall~late-l to
determine the pi\cialenc atr tht dlist.ase

Jeslis Figueroa. Medical Technician, makes
a mlicrolope examination for bat survey.
meirit days of anirnal quarantine and
TO O~Ct RH illCTreSe of 8 and 10 percent.

Dr. Louir Finkh checks ranitationl procedure, at hthe Panamla abattoir. Just as is done in
the case of all iood-prorcening: planlts which supph! produce for Canal Zone contumlption.



T e su thi cis ant exa rtitn y t At
took to suits like this . *

A CONSTANT BATTLE iS waged by the
Division of Sanitation, because the mos-
quitoes and sandfixes won t quit.
Yellow fever was eradicated in cities
by the end of 1905, but malaria and
mosquito control require constant and
intensive efforts to keep the malaria rate
low in the tropics. All weapons in the
eradication arsenal are employed against
the 150 species of mosquitoes on the
Isthmus, whose breeding places vary
from stagnant water to tree holes and
the decorative elephant ear plants.
Playing important roles in mosquito
control are: insect vector control by
drainage; the use of insecticides which
kill larvae and adults; mos uito surve
stations; spraymng of land hecense dwel-
lings and other buildings semi-annually
with~ dieldrin; and contining blood
surveys for locating and treating in-
cipient positive cases before malaria can
develop and be spread by mosquitoes.
Substantial progress in malaria reduc-
tion is illustrated best in figures; 26
malaria cases were contracted in the
Canal Zone during the last fiscal year,
as against 105 thedp~revious year.
Cul~icoides (san ies) are being com-

andunow theo fondaymche scandbeshdise
an outfit which they couldn't wear before.

study of these troublesome pests is
under way in a small laboratory which
was established the past year in a build-
ing at Coco Solo Hospital.
The Division of Sanitation is constant-
ly on the alert for fly breeding and tries
to locate and eradicate such sources
whenever possible.
The piers are the battle round for a
war on rats, and the frontfine defense
against an invasion of rat-borne diseases.
Quarantine activities supported by this
Division include inspection of ships for
rodents, dockside surveillance of shi s
ruling cargo from p ague-suspect
ports and intensive rodent control on
piers and surrounding areas.
Monthly sanitary inspections are
made in all restaurants, retail stores,
clubs, and wherever food and beverages
are served to the public. Periodic train-
ing courses for foodhandlers are con-
ducted. Schools, gymnasiums, swim-
ming pools, public buildings and town-
sites also come in for inspections.
From mosquito problems, to care of
Chinese rugs, the Division of Sanitation
advises andi assists, if possible, in the
control of insect pests.

But then along came the plane which
sprayed pelletized dieldrin to kill the pes-
tiferous sandflies . .

batted through aerial applications
pelletized dieldrin over thie breedig
areas, in a joint operation of ,the Canal
Zone Government's Health Bureau, the
Medical and Engineer Section of USAR-
CARIB, and the Air Section of the 20th
Infantry. However, resistance to insecti-
cides by sandflies has already develop-
ed. Th~e first serious basic, scientific

APIuL 1, 1960



To Panama: $1.9 Million in February

TEN CONTRACTs, totaling over half a million dollars, let to local Value
firms during February, helped to boost the month's direct 1. Food Products:
benefits to Panama from the Company-Government to a. Meats: N\ative Beef, Sausage Products $40,983
$1,916,500.18. The contracts ranged in value from $2,000 to b. Seafood: Fish, Lobster, Shrimp..... 4,461
$110,100. c. Agricultural:
Included among the February contracts were three for air Coffee. . . ... . ... .. 82
conditioning public buildings in the Canal Zone. Aire Frio, Vegetables and Fruit. ... .. 7,381
Ine.., hlds~l a contract for air conditioning the Cristobal Ter- d. Dairy: Eggs, Milk Products.. .. .. 8,452
rninals Bulildings, Hojalateria PanamA, S. A., the contract for c. Bak-ry: Bread, Rolls. .. .. ... . ... 1,612
air condcitio~ning the Coco Solo Retail Store, and Isthmian f. Others: Brewers Grain, Blackstrap
CI.IItl at tors, that for a similar job at the main offices of the Molasses. . .. . .... 1,650
Supp'l\ Dit ision. 2. Beverages: Beers, Soda Water. .. .. .. ... 10,303
Othe-r February contracts included some for painting, tile 3. Tobacco Products. . .. .. . . ......... 188
work an siila maitennceor mproemet pojets. 4. Toilet Articles: Mouthwashes, Lotions, Co-
.ls Is .Ih-*ays true, the largest chunk of the direct benefits lognes, Ointments and Pomades. .. . ... 1,784
to Pai-lnam in February came in the gross payrolls for the 5. Batteries "Tasco". .. .. .. .. . .. .. .... . 1,539
non-I'.S rolls during the month. The payroll for this group, 6. Gases, Acetylene, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Cook-
Enost I.f \? hom live in the Republic and do the bulk of their ing.. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3,685
buing ilt here, was $1,341,995.18- 7. Building Materials:
The~i n anlainder of the $1,916,500.18 which flowed into a. Forest Products. .. .. ... .. .. . .. 11,208
Pall~nima n, February from the Company-Government came b. Cement. .. .. .. .. .. ... .. . 17,243
inl thec 5119),957 spent for consumer goods-almost $35,000 c. Sand.. . . .. . .. ... .. . 1,888
higher than~r for the previous month-and $16,898 spent for d. Paints, etc. .. ... . .. .. .. .. . 462
so~r\ iies. .Ln example of these "services" is photo-engraving. e. Miscellaneous. . .... .. .. .. ... 951
The pictures which illustrate this and other copies of THE 8. Miscellaneous Goods for Re-Sale: Plaintain
RE\LI\l are all prOCeSsed in Panama before they go to the Chips, Sport Shirts, Post Cards, Brooms. 3,073
11~l. unt Hople Printing Plant. 9. Miscellaneous Us- Items: Visqueen Bags, Plas-
Seas..r,,al buying was a major factor in the increased amount tic Bags, Uniforms, Dry Ice. ..... 3,032
ofI consumellrr goods bought in Panama in February. Purchases
o~f mea ~t seafood, fresh~ fruits and vegetables, and beverages Total Consumer Goods. .. .. .. ... $119,957
all shl.l\.m.. marked rises.
Thur to blle shows purchases in Panama by the Supply Divi- 1.Srie..................... 1,9
si..,l. jll.n my February of this year: Grand Total. .. ... .. ... .. .. .. $136,855

Antd for the Panama Line's Ancon

A pat on the back

"SOMEr F INCIER Ships than the Ancon,
Panamal~ Linle, may be plying the Carib-
bei!. ,l. bt n~one has a better crew," says
Leonurall II. Prince, editor of the Mas-
mul~. N~.Y. Observer, who made a recent
trip to thei Canal Zone aboard the Pan-
Mlr. Prince came here to secure ma-
ter ial I'os a1 series of articles comparing
th.: Panama11; Canal and the St. Lawrence
Sr.l\ al, jurlne of whose main offices are
Illo~rc'te at Massena. He was impressed
b\ thl. Fanalma Canal but he was equal-
11 unplesseld by the Ancon, to such an
ettent tha~t he told the New York pas-
se~ngerr traffHic manager "nothing could
eq~ual" his trip aboard.
Dliring the voyage, Mr. Prince wrote,
Capt. Niles A. NVielsen conducted a

tour of the bridge one day and on the
next day all of the passengers had an
opportunity to inspect the kitchen.
"We liked the bridge inspection and
we liked to see the radar working," he
wNrote. But when passengers asked how
far they were from land and were told
"three miles," only to learn that the
three miles meant straight down, they
found it "comforting to know that the
peole runnin that ship knew their
One of the most interesting things
Mr. Prince discovered on his trip aboard
was the proud war history of the Ancon,
which had taken an important part, in
both hemispheres, during World War
II. He even asked Captain N\ielsen to
autograph a copy of "Tour of Duty,"

which tells the history of the Panama
Liner s wartime career.
During the trip to the Canal Zone he
became acquainted with various mem-
bers of the ship's crew, including the
purser, David Segara who, Mr. Prince
wrote, "has apparently been on the
Ancon for some time and eating its exr-
cellent food . When he sits down
in an armchair, he fills it."
While he singled out a number of the
Ancon's crew for special mention, he
summed it all up this way:
"From Captain Nielsen down to Jos6
A. Torres who took care of the state-
room, the people on the Ancon go far
out of the way to make the cruise an
outstanding event in the' life of every




Laborer Cleaner

Manuel Cort~s
Isaias Herefra
Machine Operator

Pedro A. Aguilar
Helper Electrician
Andr~s Ortiz
General Helper
Ignacio L. Caballero
Alexander res
Rend J. Isidore
Jesds Rodriguez
Helper Lock Operator

Juan Carvajal
Clerk Checker
Joseph Conklin, Jr.
Yard Conductor
Domingo Lasso
Railroad Station Watchman
Leopold C. Grossett
Ed ard Joseph
Truck Driver
Albert W. McKinnon
Malcolm. E. Smith

Mercedes Castro
Elementary and Secondary
School Teacher

Jack B. DeVore
Supervisory Accountant

Ernest A. Welch
Medical Attendant
Uriah Duffis
Hospital Attendant

Julian S. Hearne

Vincent N. SIs
Engineering uve '
Vincent C. McFale
Leader Seaman
Ha~mlnC1. Hap ror
Jos L.Ror
oseader Q y
Jeremiah A.Gr
Wire Cable Worker
JosB Gonzllez

Cleveland E. Stevens

Robert G. Hammetter .
Assistant Head, Press Section,
Printing Plant
Fred E. Wells
Supervisory Transportation
Della L. Hancock

Joh rF.S ant


Hoad r Laboar rCleaner
Charles F. Schonert
Distribution Clerk
James E. Lawson

JosB G. Tiela
Helper Core Drill Operator
Arden N. Greaves
General Helper
Rupert C. Fennell
Epifanio Salazar

Roberto A. Torres Q.
Pest Control Laborer
Granville Brown
Hospital Attendant
Stanford W. Campbell
Carlos Menchaca
Pest Control Laborer
Lorenzo Ribas

Earle H. Holder
nA. Bo

d rdH. Sdr

Al T. B e

Helper Miachinist
Andrew S. Liebermann
Towboat or Ferry Chief
John W. Urey
Josd Foe an Pipefitter

Percival 11. Johnson
Leader Seaman
William N. Arthur
Clemente Castaneda
Carmelo Z~niga

Martin Ciceres
Charles W. Rager
Lock Operator Pipefitter
Manuel Morales
Helper Lock Operator
Alfred E. Thompson
Servio T. Rueda
Helper Lock Operator
George L. Curtis
Helper Lock Operator
Lionel A. Ashby
Theophilus Belgrave

Helper Lock Operator
Florencio Riosame
Leader Labeore

Laloyd G. Thornhil
ClRober A. Steense
Position Classfe

Fle ClerkLboe

G. Applewhitevn

Counarte Attendant

(See page 90)

James H. Holder
Helper Electrician
Frederick Burns
Launch Seaman
Caleb Williams
Gilbert C. Foster
Crushing and Screening
Plant Leader
Harvey W. Sauter
Lead Foreman Carpenter
Arthur A. Morgan
Toolroom Attendant
Natalio Rivas F.
Jorge A. Shu
Eula I mos t

Pedro A. Gordon

Jos id M. Ci
Aurelio Pz
Ge aladd FH yhe
Equipment Mechanic
Charle E rt
CLea Frm Rfrig ration
Mike N. Bent
Eric T. Smoll
Crater and Packer
Jos6 Z. Moreno
Euribiades Ramos

APRmo 1, 196i0


Herbert G. Forbes
Leoncio Rodriguez

AH. Francois

El ndry er
L ader Laborer
Della J. Nloonan
Mail and File Sup~ervisor


February 75 through March 15
C...rea1s Ho~pltal, to Coco Solo Hospital.
\'lo R. Hunt, from Library Assistant, Civil
""l~lr Blirc ru, to File Clerk, Coco Solo
HI pital.
Thomla\ B. Mc Andrews, to Probationary
hlr\. Bertha B. Brown, Clerk Typist, from
Indusltrlal Division to Navigation Divi-

Johnl Frederick, Ernesto S. Smith, from
.laborer Mlamltenance Division to Deck- li
Juanl F. Rodriauez G., from H~igh Lift
T~ruck~l Operator, Te~rminals Division, to

Samluel .4. Gr~ant, from Laborer, Com-
nnallll j..t rtices Division, to Deckhand.
Industrial Division
IDaniel R. Klntz. from Police Private, Police
D)I<: I..n~. tol Welder
Ilorate Reid. from Watchman, Community
st r\ ke1 DIa union, to Clerk Typist.
Lionell hi. Smith, from Kitchen Attendant,
sllPPl. DIvisi~on, to Laborer Cleaner.
Robert 5. G~ill. to Helper Machinist.
.11phonto G~ooding, to Toolroom Mechanic.
Locks Division
Burton J. D~eseau, from Machinist, Rail-
rl.l.i RsIonI;(I1 to Lock Operator Ma-
c. hinist.
C'onrado Tique. Laborer, from Mainten-

H owar ld L. Mcrlenzie, Jimmy Taylor, from
li aircr. Supplly Division, to Laborer,
Luis .4. G~uillen, Antonio Ramirez, Julio
C'. \'laherde. Laborer, from Community
sc. rt ....- s D1o i .ion.
E\ariio E. Rodriguez, from Ship Worker,
Tc n...nds~l DrIision, to Laborer.
Ho\ Feurtado. Walter Hyde, from Dock
\\'g.rker. Termninals Division, to Laborer.
Philip R. Sanders, from Armature Winder,
Eka~rlctal Division, to Lock Operator
Electruein Ir
liarrell Y'. B. Parsons, from Pumping Plant
Op.-'r st..r. Maintenance Division, to Tow-
Inc" La on.lll .ttlve Operator.
Ricald trHell\ fris tLab r.rCleaner'
Bill D. Bell, from Locks Guard, to Tow-

Rober-t l'an 11adgner, from Administrative
."lt int 10antenance Division, to Em-
r 31.-e ert ilces Officer, Employment
aIndl Utllization Division.
Thomlas G. Relihan, to General Manager,

\'ernon F. Ke~pford, Jr., to Supervisory
(.e ne-ral Supply Assistant.
Hlorace F. Jenner, John C. Wallace, from
Rctall sto~rc Supervisor, to Store Man-
I.i-r. SuIPphI Division.
5threiter D. Callender, from Retail Store
5upe'rrvilscr. to Assistant Store Manager,
Su1ppl\ DI\I~on-
lame*, R. Shirley, to Housing Project Assis-
tullr, Colnmmunity Services Division.

Iradeiredlcl bettws-a- Febiuanl 15 .Ind
Alir~h Ii aIre Ilstedl berlow. H scitin-

tllr.nS a~re neat replorted. l
Postal Dis ision
A~rthur W\. Farrell. Harold .1. Blackw\ell. to
Ir l,tlure \\llhna ~u C~lcrk
Gerra H. lial all tln R.3 c.tin a \ s-
Disriit L)ntIoln Cht ~lrk~l r~ ?l~i~

Accounting Diaision
Mlr.. Edith it'. Cotton,. t., A~cilountl .0 TIech-

Albert G;. Mlonono. iromll Stolck Cle rk. Ana~-

Bt REiti

Drcedlin Dix irion
Cletelanld .4. Heath. Fe~lia Tabarinl. Luther

MliBeur llie n. Ir art. I.ell.:r~ C',rn.
I..unusr 4erist.- D Lal..nll. to) L.II!
Adolio Caldedmti, trnlm L-aborl r. Te rminial.

Cliff Beast\ inl Dippecr Dr..Jur~ Ove~lr tor r
El I ietr ic a r i- ion

Feder~ico 1. Cardena,, ts. Elr.-sLrlivl El/lrap-

Madintenance Dis ision
Rupert 5. Beckfordl 1., LeadI Flremain
Anderrinn Casillurd. toI Pilw.lie.r
Fidel Teranl. Camnil hn Matlnetr. Beresford
Phillios. lot~eph 4. C amlpbell. Iohn A.

Anidres Merdina~. tr C'-m. lt Fins heir.
Hanrold .1. Walker. 1.. U)iI r
Stanle\ Holder. Philip ~in eph. Filo\ H.
11'ard. toi T....r....ln) \
li'allace~ 1. Charle\. Absibndes Enco~b:.. t .

Joie~ph Franci,. tnl HelpeFr Ma.~ bliht
liaollace Camieron. Ralph C. Thorne. Cleae-
lanld J. Trowrers. Datid Bowren. t., C'r-
Gilberto Semannca.. to Laborrrr
Mlri. Jeanne C. Ba\. frol-m Stal~l Nurs.

Mlrs. Kniohicen I 11. Ne~lson,. to, iirse~ `i-

rend~.mlt. Coml l Solo1 HosItl. te Nur inc
A ~iiintent C;.'T.r I Hlosnatal
hlics Maoriorie F. Masnle!. 5tif Nurse,

THLE Po.url.l CANAL I1C11E17V 13

Clifton Hi. L6pez, to Teller, Supply Divi-
Ad~n Rodriguez, to Gardener, Community
Services Division.
James C. Haynes, to Stock Control Clerk,
Supply Division.
Patna L. Brown, to Retail Store Supervisor,
Supply Division.
Bruce G. Perry, from Substitute Distribu-
tion Clerk, Postal Division, to Theater
Usher, Supply Division.
Richard A. Johnson, fro Substitute
Window Clerk, Postal Division, to
Theater Usher, Supply Division.
Miss A. Janet Read, to Chief Usher, Balboa
Marcelino Rios, to Laborer, Supply Divi-
Motor Transportation Division
Enrique I. Marshall, Severino Herni~ndez
T., Small Engine Mechanic, from Com-
munity Services Division.
Eduardo V. L;indsey, from Laborer Clean-
er, Supply Division, to Automotive
Equipment Serviceman.
Augustus C. Bennett, Helper Gasoline
Enr ie DMie hanic, from Community
Juan Sgnchez, Laborer, from Community
Services Division.
Terminals Division
Philip C. Neblett, from Laborer, Mainten-
ance Division, to Dock Worker.
Manuel M. Pitre, Manuel Salazar, to La-
Stafford A. Gouldhorne, Arnulfo Reyes M.,
Ernest Stephenson, to High Lift Truck
Marco T. Durin, to Carpenter.
Salazar Arias, Fred Linares, Enrique L6-
pez, to Ship Worker.
Mrs. Bertha E. H~ayes, from. Accounting
Technician, Office of the Comptroller,
to Accounting Clerk.
Mrs. Gloria M. DeRaps, to Secretary.
PRomoTlow~s which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Hugh W. Cassibry John R. Gough, Busi-
ness Analyst, Budget and Rates Division.
Wilhiam E. Hall, Systems Accountant, Ac-
counting Division.
Ralph H. Otten, General Architect, En-
gineering Division.
Miss Mary L. Azcarraga, Staff Nurse,
Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Juamita F. Chen, Electrocardiograph
Technician, Gorgas Hospital.
Julio A. Best, Bookkeeping Machine Op-
erator, Accounting Division.
James J.BRoughnerApprentice Locks Elec-
trician, Electrica~l Division.
Harold Harding, Meat Cutter, Supply Di-
Miss Florence A. Springer, Laborer, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Cyril C. Gordon, Painter, Maintenance Di-
BernabB Pedrosa, Laborer, Community
Services Division.



Fred deV. Sill, Panama Canal tour lecturer, was the commentator
as new employees made the transit of two of the Canal's locks.

A close look was taken at the Cut-widening project when the
President Porras passed the scene of rapidly changing topography.

Napoleon Forbes
Luisa O. de S~nchez
Laundry Checker
Lyle M. Daniel
Meat Cutter
Newton E. Skeet
Sales Section Head
Pedro Beleno
Luis A. Rivera D.
Tree Trimmer
Robert Davidson
Adolphus L. Osborne
Truck Driver
Benjamin Ennis N.
Pearlinea Deniston
Harry 'C. Seaman
Supervisory Milk Production
James N. Miller
.Arcadio Escudero
Juan D. Esturain
H. G. Davidson
James Jesse
Laborer Cleaner
Remi O. Grimaux
Booker T. Alleyne
Ethel May Brammer
Counter Attendant

Lucille I. Bell
Abelardo Reluz
Luter A. Pottinger
Vincent Steele
Rufus Wallace
Helper Locomotive Engineer
Ismael Monroy
Truck Driver
Julio F. Justiniani
Joseph E. Frederick
Nicolas I. Caput
Truck Driver
Samuel Barrios
Francis H. O'Connell
Automotive Machinist
John Stephens
Martin L. Grenald
Railroad Station Watchman
Gil R. S~nchez
Truck Driver
James U. Williams
Lloyd P. Perkins
Truck Driver
Basil E. Curtis
Automotive Equipment

20 APRIL 1i, 1960

New employees see the Canal

I rj~JI~


RETIREIMENT certificates were presented at the end of March
to the following employees who are listed alphabetically
below, together with their birthplaces, positions, years of Canal
service, and their future addresses:
Paul A. Bentz, Salem, Nebr.; General Counsel, Panama Canal Com-
pany; 30 years, 5 months, 20 days; Asheville. N.C.
Mortimer J. Brennan, Cleveland, Ohio; Power Plant Electrician,
Electrical Division; 15 years, 8 months, 20 days; Pittsburgh, Pa.
Alva H. Cooke, Hampton, Va.; Safety Inspector, Supply and Com-
munity Service Bureau; 29 years, 7 months, 12 days; Hampton.
Miss Florence H. Edbrooke, Chicago, Ill.; Director of Nurses, Coco
Solo Hospital; 23 years, 5 months, 11 days; undecided.
Albert H. Evans, New York City, N Y.; Supervisory Administrative
Assistant, Administrative Branch; 36 years, 2 months, 24 days;
Washington, D.C.
Desiderio Gonzilez, Panama, R.P.; Laborer, Locks Division; 29
years, 11 months, 16 dlays; Chorrera, R.P.
Isains Gonzllez, Chorrera, R.P.; Helper Lock Operator, Lopks Di-
vision; 42 years, 9 months, 19 days; Chorrera, R.P.
Isains Herrefra, Gorgona, R.P.; Mach~ine .Operator, Railroad Divi-
sion; 44 years, 5 months, 22 days; Panama, R.P.
Gladstone Kirton, Barbados, B.W.I.; General Helper, Maintenance .
Division; 44 years, 10 months, 4 days; Colon, R.P.
Antonio LaFaux O., Tumaco, Colombia; High Lift Truck Operator,
Terminals Division; 18 years, 6 months, 29 days; Colon, R.P.
Jessie B. Nedrick, St. Catherine, Jamaica, B.W.I.; Utility Worker,
Supply Division; 14 years, 4 months, 26 days; Colon, R.P.
Tombs Nino, Salud, R.P.; Helper, Liquid Fuels, Terminals Divi-
sion; 19 years, 10 months, 27 diays; Colon, R.P.
Joseph N. Prescott, St. Michael, Barbados, B.W.I.; Gardener, Com-
munity Services Division; 33 years, 3 days; Rio Abajo, R.P.
Ralph D. Robinson, Marion, Va.; Restaurant Manager, Supply Di-
vision; 18 years, 9 months, 5 days; Arlington, Va.
John J. Ryan, Boston, Mass.; Guard, Terminals Division; 18 years,
8 month's, 3 days; undecided.
Victor L. Thompson, Kingston, Jamaica, B.W.I.; Laborer, Naviga-
tion Division; 31 years, 1 month, 27 days; undecide~d.
Cleveland L. Watler, Tela, Honduras; Guard, Supply Division; 29
years, 8 months, 29 days Brooklyn, N.Y.
Howard Linwood Wentworth, Clinton, Maine; Pilot, Navigation
Division, 18 years, 9 mobth's, 20 days; East Coast.
Reginald L. Worrell, Barbados, B.Wr.I.; Cement Finisher, Locks
Division; 40 years, 2 months, 24 days; undecided.


(Continued from page 18)
20O years


"A PLACE for everything and everything
in its place." Sound familiar? It should.
It was an often repeated adage in our
When we were youngsters it was a
pain in the neck to have some adult
quote that saying to us with a smug
look. Most of us, however, with the
passing of the years and perhaps a few
hard knocks as a result of leaving things
lying around have become convinced
that the old timers, as we thought of

them then, had something in this clean-
up gimmick.
A sloppy, cluttered shop-like a sim-
ilarly kept house or kitchen-tells a
whole story about the housekeeper and
the kind of work turned out.
The careless worker is always in a
state of exasperation. Hie can't find the
things he needs-he isn't even sure he
has them half the time. A good part of
his effort is spent in cleaning away
things to get at what he needs and then
more often than not it isn't there after
all. The end result is shortened tempers,
constant emergencies, and the expendi-
ture of much more effort and time to
get any job -done and it is usually only
with barely satisfactory results.
You are probably wondering at this
point-What's all this got to do with
safety? Need we explain? People don't
fall and break their necks in well-kept
aisles nor do they smash their fingers
manhandling a lot of materials or tools
getting at what they need when it is
kept in orderly well-kept storerooms or
stock piles, just to recall a few things.
Yes, good housekeeping pays divi-
dends-in more ways than one.




'so 'ss
227 189
477 403

5O Years Ago
GATUNr LAKE began to become a reality
50 years ago this month. On April 22,
1910, workmen began a three-day job
of closing the channel through which
the Chagres River flowed past Gatun.
The river had been turned into this west
diversion in 1908 when the original bed
and the French channel were closed.
The nomination of Maurice H. That-
cher as a member of the ~Isthmian Canal
Commission was confirmed by the Sen-
ate on April 7, 1910. He replaced J. C.
S. Blackburn who had resigned a few
weeks earlier.
A spark from. an Isthmian Canal
Commission locomotive used in connec-
tion with sand-dredging operations at
Nombre de D~ios set off a fire on April
8, 1910, which destroyed 73 of the more
than 200 houses which comprised the
native settlement. Tents and provisions
were sent from Cristobal for the homne-
Late in the month "The Canal Rle-
cord" announced plans for a ship basiz,
north of Pedro MCig~uel Locks, where
ships could wait for lockages. The basin
was to be 600 feet wide by about 3,000
feet long.


25 Years Ago
WITH THE Canal administration, the
Secretary of W~ar, and the Panama gov-
ernment protesting a measure which
would prohibit the employment of aliens
in the Canal Zone, it was announced 25
years ago this month that a special Sen-
ate committee would come to the Isth.
mus to make an on-the-spot investiga.
tion. The question was whether or not
alien epoeswould constitute a
danger to the defense of the Canal.
Secretary of State Cordell Hull an-
nounced in W~ashington that progress
wcas being made in negotiations to reach
an agreement with Panama on a new
treaty. Dr. Ricardo Alfaro, Panama's
Diplomatic Representative in Washing-
ton, conferred with Preszdent Roosevelt
and Sulmner Wells.
The U.S. Senate approved a bill
authorizing more than two and a half
million dollars in Naval construction
here, most of it to be spent at the Sub-
marine Base at Coco Solo.
In Washington, the! Good Roads As-
sociation urged action on the construc-
tion of a road between Colon and Pan-
ama, pointing out that such a road would
be of benefit to the Canal's defense.

10 Years Ago
under discussion again 10 years ago this
month in the U.S. Congress. Shipping
representatives told a Senate Commerce
Subcommittee that Canal tolls should
be fair and equitable.
The Panama Government invoked its
joint responsibility with the United
States for the defense of the Panama
Canal by outlawing communism. The
executive resolution was signed by Pres-
ident Arnulfo Arias and has eight cabinet
The closing of the Balboa shops was

ps ph a, Pre idhn ofe CaaC rdA e
Metal Trades Council, asked Congress
to make an investigation.
Local Rate employees in the Canal
Zone began the organization of a local
chapter of the CIO.
One 1Year A go
DURING A hot and busy morith- the
temperature hit 97.7 degrees one day-
Prince Philip of Edinburgh made his
second official visit to the Canal Zone.
A large group of Zonians wYelcomed him
at a reception at the Coco Solo Breakers



aI i

'so 'se
7 9
18 22

ZONIANS ALL: Left, James Brooks, at Duquesne, rehearses for a college show. Above,
left, at Taylor University: Cecilia L. Parchment, at piano, Eric Atherly, Jacinta Griffiths, and
Clarence Stuart. Above, right: Judy Engelk~e, in the Dickinson College physics laboratory.

are scholarships from the Canal Zone's
two college clubs and other scholarships
available through the National Science
Foundation and similar organizations.
And, for the men only, there is an
NROTC scholarship for many colleges.
There are also appointments in the
various military academies.
Few scholarships pay a student's
entire way through college. Many par-
ents do not realize this and are disap-
pointed when a son or daughter with a
straight "A" record in high school re-
ceives no more than a token scholarship.
These token scholarships can be $100
or less or merely a piece of paper which
says "entered with honors." The recent-
ly formed College Scholarship Service
now provides information to 228 par-
ticipating colleges on student applicants.
Parents are required to "bare their fi-
nancial structure," up to listing the face
value of the insurance carried by the
head of the family and the make and
year of the family automobile.
At the present time, there are close to
half a hundred young people from the
Canal Zone now in colleges in the
United States on scholarships of one sort
or another. And they are doing very
well indeed, not only scholastically but
also in the way they have become part
of the life of their college.

James Anthony Brooks, Jr., of Mar-
garita, a graduate of Cristobal High
School, is a good example. A sopho-
more at Duquesne University in Pitts-
burgh, he is studying music under a
four-year scholarship from the Frank
Ullrich Foundation. His music major is
piano and his minor, cornet. He is also
doing a minor in psychology.
He belongs to the University Chorus,
which has appeared with the Pittsburgh
Symphony, and has had parts in three
University Opera Workshop produc-
tions-Trhe Gondoliers, last spring, and
The Maid as Mistress and The Nig~ht
Bell this year. He is a member of the
University's drill team, and assistant
drill sergeant.
Judith Evelyn Engelke, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Engelke, of
B~alboa, is majoring in physics at Dickifn-
son College in Pennsylvania, where she
is a junior. Physics demands a lot of
laboratory work but she still finds time
to engage in intramural sports, her
favorite campus activity. By faculty ap-
pointment, she serves as chief student
monitor at chapes and assemblies, and
is also activities chairman of the Pi Beta
Phi sorority.
Three of the five local students at
Taylor University, a 114-year-old pri-
vate interdenominational college in

WITH THE ENTD of the school year only
two months away, two questions are
foremost in the minds of a good many
of the 320 young men and women who
are due to graduate from the Canal
Zone's two largest high schools and from
the Canal Zone Junior College. These
questions, which have already confront-
ed the graduates of the Latin American
high schools who ended their school
year in February, are: Am I going on to
college, and can I get a scholarship to
help myself along?
Some of them already know that they
have been accepted by the colleges of
their choice and some are still waiting
to hear. But, for most of them, the
scholarship question is still unanswered.
Many scholarships, in varying
amounts, are open to graduates of the
Canal Zone schools. Some are offered
by the colleges these students hope to
enter. Various fraternal or community
groups, such as the Elks, the Order of
the Eastern Star, and the Lions Club,
help finance college educations. There

APRIL 1, 190fi




ONE OF THE MOST attractive do-it-yourself projects in the Canal
Zone-the lunchroom and lounge in Building 5 of the Store-- ~ ~ ~~*f9 4~lS C
houses' Section B-has rapidly become a drawing card not only d
for the 70 or so men who work there but also for their col- '
leagues from the Maintenance and other Divisions. The idea, ..
moreover, has met with such favor that it has been copied by ;
Storehouse workers on the Atlantic side.

Space for the lunchroom and lounge became available not
I long ago whnstock was reorganized andi relocatd. With ~
funds obtained from the sale of soft drinks, the employees.
procured tables, chairs, and a ping-pong table, and on their ..
own time put them into shape and painted them.

During any lunch hour now, there are ping-pong games,
shuffleboard contests, domino and checker tournaments hotly U k-;;.;;;;;;f~
under way. And if you think dominoes can't be exciting, it's t6S~ *~1AEiam F~ILI*O~lr~-iil
because you haven't watched a Storehouse gang playing~ them.

Other Canal Zone young people who
are attending colleges in the United
States on scholarships are:
From Cristobal High School: Robert
MacSparran and Alfred Chan, Whittier;
Jeanette Swicegood, Medical College
of Virginia; Marie Bleakley, Colorado
State; Wendy Cotton, San Jose State;
Carol Lew, San Diego State; and Esther
Miller, Southern Methodist.
Rainbow City High School: Lionel
King: and Lion-l Fergus, Brandeis.
Balboa High School: Joe Pustis, Mas-
sachusetts Institute of Technology; Ro-
lando Chanis, John Hopkins; Carlos
Kiamco, Iowa State; Solly Toussieh,
Bowdoin; Vena Bennett, Northeast Mis-
souni State Teachers College; Joan
Degenaar and Sue Mable, University
of North Carolina; Joan Dimpfl, Duke;
Dianne Hannigan, Colorado State; Mar-
cia Lewis, College cf Notre Dame in
Blimore; liane Jaco 3, Rallfe;
Sandra Nelson, Florida State; Carol
Perantie, Pembroke; Mlirna Pierce, In-
carnlate Word; and Sally Reinhart,
Swedish Convent Hospital,
Paraiso High School: Phillip Malcolm
and James Glen, Florida A&M; Samuel
Blenman, Wichita State; Newton Buch-
ner and Clifford Lindsay, Wisconsin
State; Theresa Malcolm and Charlotte
Gooden, Tuskegee Institute; Hilton
Warren, Talladega; Hilma Powell, St.
John's University; Cedric Bailey, Xavier;
Celestina Bryce, St. Catherine School
of Nursing; Violet Tait, Patton's Me-
morial Hospital; Violet Waters, Okla-
homa Baptist; and Claudette Soley,
Ohio University.

Indiana, are on scholarships at the
school. Cecilia L. Parchment, a senior,
plans to become a teacher. She is a
member of the Spanish Science Club
and the Student Education Association,
and takes part in the intramural sports
program and Christian service activi-
ties. Clarence Stuart, a junior, is a grad-
uate of Rainbow City High School. He
plans to become a Guidance Counselor.
He is a member of the Social Science
Club, the Language Club, and the
college's dramatic group, The Trojan
Players. The other scholarship student
is Annette Josephs, a graduate of Rain-
bow Cit High School with the class of
1956. Se was out of school for the
first semester but returned at mid-year.
Claire R. White, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Tracy P. White of Catun, turned
an outstanding record at Cristobal High
School into two scholarships which
she is using at Hollins College in
Virginia. She won competitive scholar-
ships from the Caribbean College Club
and from the Elks N\Iationlal Foundation.
She is majoring in Spanish, which
she plans to teach. This year she is
taking Spanish literature and linguistics,
in addition to humanities, biology and
mathematics. At Cristobal High School,
she was voted the most talented senior
and won the annual award as the out-
standing girl in the 1959 graduating
class. She also won the John Philip Sousa
Band Award for her saxophone work.
While her studies have kept her too busy
this first year for much outside activity,
she hopes to join student music and
language groups soon.
Three graduates of the Canal Zone

Claire White, of Gatun, is a freshman at
Hollins, under two scholarships won on an
outstanding record in her high school years.

schools are at Fresno State College in
California on scholarships. Agnes Louise
Blades, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph
Blades of Gamboa, and Luis Taylor Cox,
son of Mr. and Mrs. Luis Cox of Paraiso,
are majoring in accounting. Both are
members of the college's International
Club Mr.Coxworke~d as a machine
operator with the Office of the Comp-
troller before he entered college. Also
at Fresno City College is Oscar Town-
send, Jr., whose parents live in Gamboa.
He is a business major and plans to
enter the military service after gradua-


Celmlan Lloyd betw\ee~n European ports
anld the \\'est Coast of South .-\mer ic. .i
T sor motorshilp li ortras Inaide her ma~iden -
imag~e southbound thiougeh the C~nal
hlalch 223 on thrs run, jinir~ng her sister-
ship likcijbadcr-,. The Conltinecntall Shiip-
laing~ Coipan! iepresenits both line,.
Yacht 1 isits Canal
TFr IE lNNIE LEE. a ;-3-OOt mTOtOIl \ chft
owneic-d bi\ Chairle~s .j.. Steen. Uitah State
Senator and uinanum millionaire. 11sit-
ed the Cainal during Ma~rch en route
fiom Mliami to Califor~nia. The trin,
cabin cruiiser. writh Mlr anid Mlrs. Steen
anld sevetral gfiests aboard, we~cnt in-to

b 'lo<4 k 1nakin te : nli l ia s t rr t .
bound. She sailedl from Balboa3 March
6 for the U1.S. \\ecst Coast \.ia Me~ico.

Change in Skippers
THE CiNA~RD OTUi50 liner lrrrfaurdailfl
arri\ed in Cristobal Ma~rch "S on her
last cruise of thrs winter season und:i


Conilmereill. .. .. .. .. . . .1 \J26
li 5. Coverrmi-nt..... .. .... 1) Co
Total ................ ,510 946
Commerciial.....b..s.3.55,02 .51.-120).9-1
I' s Cole\rnme-nt. ;6.532 99.oss
Total1......)3,;34.1556 g1.519.335
CARGO Ilong tons)
Commerrcial .... -1,2.3".835 5,181,161
ti.S. Co\ernment.t.s 42.257
Total.. .... -1.3051.09j3 5,85.3.718
'Includenj ous on jln v~enes oiean~f~lgem jnd sman

Thle Reina del Mlar, shown abore docked at Balboa. transits regularly' between England and the coast of South .Americn.

POtential Customers
A "OH UtilLING progall stairtetl FO~efit-
11 b? tlir Llikes Brothers Steaqnsh'P

Line-, wi ll adtd je'.elall newr shirps to the
Panama111. Canal.1 hISt of~ reg'ulas tians~its
i~thllun the comparal,-(\t near futurre.
Onie ofi these is ther new~ carigo: liner

Fa-wagoIS'uI. laMiSS The~ construction of
_(ouI olther- nets\ easgo liners wa's begun
th-e same11 m-ontlh foi Likes at the Beth- -
:clbl: m Shipbiiilding CouIPolation !ard in
Sparn 5 Po-;int. Mdi with the first to be
!leh e L'ed~ in all\ 196141. Steera~il o-f these ;
d~I-lpsh \ 111i e tth t hrl ug .~l~)` thi ( r I
Mean.\.h" -ile the kee-l of' the nIe.. .1mer- .
j,,n Plesidcint Luie's cargoi ship P~les-
clentri Roo~Scecit~l wa;S; lI,: at the' Ba-h-
Ithe-m S hipialrds inl San Franuc sc o wr here
wo~rk alreadIJ hais br-ini l on her sister

padlwngeILjc .~ Pa~narna A~gclncils represent
both c
NVew\ Germian Freighter
~Tl HE ~II.1BRG .111ERIC.-L Line 5 nell
Inotolshlp Rheinlanr~d passed through
thelr Cana~l hlanch 15 homena~rd bound

to~ thez \\es-t Co.ast of the Unilted Stttes
A\ jister ship to thez \'cmlarNd. aInother
swi!ft ni\\ addiltionl to- th-e Hamlbure
Ameilcican- ]ine \l:t coast s-rvice, the
RheLiniirll ncani es genelj al~cg between
the- U 5 andl~ Europeat~ n 'or'ts. She car'
makle thc \o\age fromn Bilboa to Los
Ange~les in weight lais.
Tlhe~ Hamb~urg Amecrrc~ica Line also
Opel.HC's a join-t jel vie wiith the North

the command o-f a new\~ jlkippe-r. He wa~-
Calpt. S. .4. Jonets. a vettranl Cunarl;
L~ine emp-~loee. w ho sJ uc~c~eded Caplt

commandd took places in New\ Yorl fo!-
low\ing thle Mlarch 14I CrLISe of th.
allaurctanriia wheln Captain hlacLeal
.ca~s appin''''ted COmm~liodone o:f thr Cun!
;Ird Line an1-d transifened~i toj the tra;n

Captain Ma~cLea~n has bleen w\ith th.
Cunald Linie since 191;; and holds th.
Disting~uishedl Senice~ Cross5 for ant,
su~bmarine wrork; \ithi the Rn\a;l N;I?

Schedule Changce
THE NI DERL IND LINUE Pai~ths~i- \(L10 le

fouri Panaman~ Canal transits each~ \I n
on its! l'oun-tewoi r uncli ~ Mln~ l ca!! ot

Fntont! &~ Co~mpany, agents forI thle slap1
ait thie Fanamaj Canail Thet one-clas

Southampt on- oul~t .ra SueIz .Indc homerii

he hand one of tl he iggest thllj of his

ed in Los CaISCadas, heI and hiS famrlil\
\\er~e inv\itedt to- rn-lkec thle B~rt oficiil
transit of the~ Panamailr Canail abnhsc~i thle
SS Anrconl on A~uqust 15. 191-1.
LaSt mlonith. Jo~hn Ta1 tl Cler repeted hII;
southlboundl tran-sit oif th-e Cana~l. Buit

Comlman-der Cruisejc r Forrce- Alanrtic
Fletc. l~aboard his flagsh-ip~, the mlissile
cruiser Caibe;ria.

Unit. 1, 1960