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Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00207
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1960
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00207
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Full Text












f"-"i :i..qt"cir' ".i


North at night
from Anconz Hill





In This 1ssue












A nniversaries 1

Canal History . 1;

Deeper Canal 3

Dr. Young . 1

Dry Season '-"3


THERE IS NOTHING much more beautiful than a tropic night, unless
it is a tropic night during the dry season. Or, possibly, that brief time
between full daylight and full dark, when the sun is going down and
lights are coming on everywhere.

Our cover picture, taken just as one of the year's most spectacular
sunsets was fading, was shot by our photographer from the most magni-
ficent vantage points of all, locally-the top of Ancon Hill.

In the left foreground is the lighted Administration Building, and
above it the Canal making its way almost due north. The fist cluster of
lights, as you follow the Canal toward the top of the picture, is the
glow from 15ilraflores Locks, and a little above and behind them the
lights at Pedro Mliguel Locks.

hlfidway up in the picture on the right can be seen the lights of
Albrook Field, on in anticipation of a landing airplane.

At the Far right the bright lights are those over the Albrook stadium,
and a little above and to the left are more lights, this time at Fort
Clayton field; night baseball games were underway' at both places.

The highways, especially Gaillard Highway and Diablo Road are
clearly visible from the lights of cars, in long bright streaks.

For camera Fans: Our photographer used his Speed Graphic on a
tripod with Tri-X film. His exposure was 5 seconds at f-5.6. A flash
was used to illuminate the foreground during the time exposure.


E&C Bureau .

Fiscal 1961.

Health Insurance .

Historic House.

Promotions and Transfers.

Panama Purchases .

Retirements .


9-16


.


.19

.17

. 2


Safety .

Sailings

Shipping

Spanish Spoken .

Worth Knowing.


.PorrER, Governor-President -- LANRRIIHEN, d
lucERNYLietenat Goernr L VVEUNICE RICHARD and TOBI R
H'ILLIAM G. AREY, 1R. Oiiil Panasma Canal Company Publincaon Editorial A~ssistants
ma Canal Information Oliker PuMblsed Monthly Al Balboa Heighis, C.Z.
Plnrid d At h Printing Plant, Moutd Hope, Canal Zear
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Cenlers. Retarl Stores, and The Tivoll Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and backr coples. 10 cents eachb.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Edilor. The Panama Canal Reviewu. Balboa Heights. C. Z.


W. E
Jouln D. 1

Panal


tor
ITTEL


ILIARCH 4, lyeO





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THE P.1NA?~.I. CIN.4L RE11EW\


A~ DIEE~PEtR CANA~L














FISCAL -



196 1



MEANS







More and bigger houses



Better facilities for launching boats
---------- -- -- .MORE AND BIGGER houses, improved
recreational facilities, a switch of schools
at Paraiso, and a large number of quar-
ters improvements through the "Livabil-
ity Program" are in sight for the Canal
Zone for the fiscal year which begins
nextJuyly .
Funds for these, and for a number
of other capital improvements such as
the continued widening of Gaillard
Cut and modernization of Gorgas Hos-
pital, were included in the budget ap-
proved last month by the flouse of
Representatives. As this is written, the
Funds are still to be approved by the
Senate.
Of major interest to many Zonians
will be th~e housing program. Construc-
-ls Z-i tion during the coming fiscal year calls
for 73 apartments, with emphasis on
I, ~j-~- ~ housing for larger families. Of these
apartments, 47 are to be built at La
Boca and 26 at Balboa Heights. Some
will be of the breezeway type and some
will be similar to those built at Fort
i ~Amador near the OFfuciers Open Mess.
r .~a~Houses of the latter type, which are
obff the ground construction," are


MARCa 4, 1960O























.1 chift of schools at Paraiso


Sespeciall adapltedl to the unevenll terrainl
C:at Balbola HciL'htr. .11 nI~ thr ncwr qul~ar-
i ters n\ill hate a minanri..n~n of thllee hcd-
: roomsj and onel-and~c-a-hallt baths
Encineerringl studirs ;1rc .Ilso- beine,
madde of the G--asshlilit! of Itemodetl mal
Sec~tionl "I" at Col.rp.s Hospe~lal Into
bachelor or famllil\ aPar~lltmenf~t'll forhS-
plral personnel it CCoIStru. c tionl prote s
to be~ prac-ticablc- "6 Fam-ii apartmentl!s
an~d tw\o bachelm~ apastme~i nts coullld be
built onl the two a'pp'el tloolr, of Scctllon
"D.' Connslde~rationl isi bei~iini\ hen to the~
central air-condltllIitinn of' the build~inS.
if It Is remllodeledl.
Car~aqc e wouldlrr be,, lo:cated oil the
present ground floo.r. rlcenpan!ti Cjining~
access to theiir qua3lterlS b! mean~lS of
the present elev ators.
The schoo-l sw\itch oft Paraise(: calls for )
I:a transfer oJf the present hilgh Ichooll to ,
:a remodeled plaint \\holerthe elementary.
Sand Ilunior hiSIh school, are nowr loca~ted.
A,dditllonal space i needed~t at the hiLh
i school and thljis rlc nt punsible bca-~use
(.:the pre~SEnlt bull~ildin is compillletc!\ jus-
;~.rounded bi perm~antnt housllilng. The ~
rlpresent lunio~r h-igh-l.lrmenltalt sc~hoocl.
b~owele~r, h3s SUlfluent SUrroul~ndlln
srpae to permit thll ncessajr! expan-
ii.sion.
Six new\ classroomsnl. a stuid\ hall.; and
Sa wrcood and meital sho~p aIrr to- bet bus~t
for the tranderse~d laugh- schooll. \\'hen
Sthe alteiratwnsll are rcolmplete~d the finilsh-
~Ced school \ ill house~; both llunio:r anld
senior high 5schn(!5.
Also slaited fo~r ionstrulctic- n at Palaiso
is a sw~immring poocl. This w\ill be conr-
struc~ted neair the presen-t Egimnsium.
.When the locker roomns and shlowr
facilitie-s wecre built the-i\ were designed
to serne both the gmimnasiumi and a
future pool: bectause of this planning

TH~E PesANAs.4 CA.m~u REV.IEwC 5j


A4 new\ swrimming pool for Paraiso, like this one


no bathbocuse \\ll be n~ce~ssar\ for the
newr pool.
C)l speialC3 in~teretSt tol boat lanls are
plans to imlpro\e facilitic-- for launich-
ing~ trailer-bornme boats. The 1961 pro-
graml proli'des for Iml~pro\ing the~ eramp-
Ecd anld haLzardo)ul rampl at Camboha.
pat in~g the presen--t earthern ramlp at
C;.aton Dam: c~onstr~ucting~ a ramnp at
C'ristabat, replacing the existing ma;e-
shift Float clock at Majddeni Damn with a
larger vne,. and providing satisfactory
p~ai king areas at all these sites.
FunlldP ar lso a11llocated in the bud-
net foi a conltinurationl of the highly
ui~cceissul "litabilt! Program""' Later
this mniirth occupants of qluarters in the
C~1ana Zone w\ill rece~ise a memo~rdndum
froml the Li\abilit1 Commnittre asking
\\htat impllrovement~li s thei\r want made to

The letter w\ill rev\iew\ the purpose
of~ the p""rogrm- makngdesrale m
Iprmemnents to quarters w~ith the cost
leco\ered through a renltal increase. The
increased rtlnt will be 60 cenits a month
for each Sl100 o-r fraction- th:r--red worth
of imipro\eme~nts. The minim-umi to be


spent on any one apartment per year
will be $100 and the maximum $1,000,
for improvements under this program.
The previous policy of restricting oc-
cupants from receiving improvements
in two successive years will no longer
apply. Consideration will be given to
requests for such improvements as may
be obtained with the funds available.
Possibilities under the livability pro-
gram include: Construction of a patio
slab or extension of an existing slab;
roofing a patio extension; installation of
doors to patios; installation of lalousites;
construction of additional kitchen cabi-
itets; enclosure of porches or paticis:
conversion of storerooms to sleeping
quarters; installation of tile in kitchens
and baths; provision of' additional
storage cpalce either inisidef or outside a
house and Linstalla~tionI of additional
toilet facilities.
Improv\emlents mi-ade through this
programs ale to be such that the\ would
generally(\ be atccptablel to future ten-
ants. No alterations are to be made to
qularteirs scheduled for demolition in the
next tenl \ears.

























Heir is a Spanish class at Balboa Heights .. .. and another at the Administration Building












SPANISH IS SPOKE~


"THIS L.O~CI'. GE Shoulld he learned~ at
\ourT mother a knee.' a studlient of
Spanish slghedc one-r da!. as he truglecl ~~
wilth the conrljugatlonl of \er~bs present,
comnpounid. and slightly! irri-ulr
The mother's knece metthod of, aqull~ir.
ing a language has Its age limiitaitionj.
however. anid a1 do-it-toui~rscl Etud I of
\erbs can become rconfusiinS snd dus.
heartening. especiall! if the pupil wanirtr
to> carrv oni a conversationtl~l Iieht an\al
w~ithouti an interpreter as middle-man.
Carlos 11. Galrcia de Prredes o-f Pan?-
sma Cit\ has combineird the \erbs anid
colnter~satlon mrto a compact \ holet in
the Cl5SseS he conlductSS at the A\dmini,-
trationl Buildiig. Bailboa Heights. wrhere
staff members arer his students.
He was ain emplo~ce of the Pan
Amelnrle~an Cracce Awanils a Panagra)
w\hrn, through a fi iendl w\ho, wa ini-
structing~ classes at the Emnba~s? f the
Uinitedl States of A~meriea ini Panama~. he
first became inltcrested inl teaching. His
friendly invited himr to \.isit the Emba~ssy
c.lasss to) wdtc~h an~d hortn. and iomne-
times he w\as able to help o-ut \\ith the
teac~hingl.


Then Cole-rnlor Po-tt-rI iame to, the
Canalrl ZOnet inl 14156 He spok,- Spa.nlsh
.Indc wa;s Inltere~sted rlo Spa~nr h for staff membe~rs. sol ,I call of inqulill
was malde toJ the~ Unitced State Embalssi
Mlr. Ga~rcia de Parreks' treiend Ireem-

mert \ith hiefirst class c lolle.I hitantnts.

Col. C. O. Brulce. Capt. \\~. S. Ro,~lnchmn.


anlder.
A~ secondlr group began c~lajsles in

includilnS Dr. Robert G Ma~thc-ne\.
Filink H. Ls wchen. Alaj Pettr Growz.
Robecrt C. walkerer F. C. Duns~morur. ~t.
C'ol. Robe~lt D. Bl~srow, Jr.., and R. D.

Earl1\ last No\C embes~ he maiuIgurat-
ed classes at C~orpsj Hosp~ital fo-r
d~ctorsr. nu~rjes, and admninistra tive pir-
sor~nnel, the \ariousi groups~ totlbug .I ;
pupils. He- also startedcl laosss ait th..-
Forlt C'layton Edulcatllon Cclntsl, nd he
has~ clalsses at Q~uairr Highits, b-ides c


Span"ish tllasrs, andl SIroup and pri\v-
aIt; puplils begattn takll~In so much of his
time- andI werei IIuCh1 more,1 inlteleStUng
\\ 1sk I. that hei recsigne~d his position w\ith


puints to this stuideit, anld to that one,
.is clues'tlons ar- filed rn Spanish. Andl
o1ce.lrionalli a surprise e~\ammantion" ib
.enr~. The course ic onie tha~t was
I-e\ cloped b! the Un~ited States De-part-
mni!t of State an~d is centerred about
senltncll a. that ca~n be u1Sed lin eten-day

to th e -o-l-a n-l-re eo

it Ca~rcia de Pa~ledels wa.s nmarnd
11 \ca.r* ago. andiC has t0our1 daurlhters.
\hrn the ch~ildrein \\cr little. he re-
clay ro thet \\ eek. l iernes~ aFl ilday

ril. Othernes <- he \sa~ work~inS from 7
in ther motolingi to abou~llt midnight.
IIn h-if spare' time, he has found time
r todo~some wi~ltllilnl and tw of hlS pints
utclre taged .It Panamlla's National
Thea~terl the night of Janluar! 19, 19~59.


Ml.\ncui -, 196CJ





















. nd one at Gorgas Hospital










IE ER


iOne. Tliw Minotraurr. \on? second place
Sin the Rrpu~blil. of Pnnama'S National
Literact\ Con~t stmu 1957. The title of
his other pla\ is f lowi .\arrow Irs fhu*
Coa~c..\t prese-nt, w~henevrr he has a freer
moment, he- is working on a nlo\el so
SPan1ISh. The setting Is Panama of the
Thet ,ichedtulle oft a tpicll dla! For
Carls C;.rcia de; Parede~s is. I to 9:30

noon, c~lasrie in- the Admin~is~rti~rat
B uilding.~ Balboa, Hteghts; le:.30) to 8
p. m. on! Al...nday\s, Co~rgas Hospital
classes, anid onr other dals. Fo~rt Cla\tcon
aind Quainlr Heichts' c~larsses are sand-
ilc hedl in
FourI dul~fleralt rlasses hat~e beecn or-
ganiizel andrl conducrted at the .1dminiis-
refreshes_ coniri:- Is beinS planned.
Al,- C~arml~ dei Paredes h.ad once
thought oft btcomn-ing an aIrchite-ctural
enginier. anid he eten~r studied for tw.o
yetars in the UIlltr'd StalteS. Not<\. he
Sd'. he.'S hallpp u~lth- \halt Fate- had m
store-~ I ~lohim for heI's ces~r tain e could
nrecer inio anri other w\ork as mnuch as
what he'j doingn.


Tur P.ANr~htt C.\N.u.. REllEWI


Worth knowing .. .

BIDS ARE TO BE OPENED late thiS month. on the continued
modernization of the Pacific side sanitary and storm
drainage system. Plans and specifications issued by the
Engineering Division cover improvements which, when
completed, will reduce the present 48 outfalls to about a
dozen, one of them large an~d the rest small. They will be
laid out into deep water.


THE FEDRAL SERVICE JOINT CRUSADE, Which opened in the
Canal Zone in February, will continue through April 2.
The beneficiaries of this annual drive are CARE, the
Crusade for Freedom, and the American-Korean Founda-
tion.No quotas have been established for this campaign.
Each employee is asked to contribute to the extent of his
means and his willingness to support these institutions.

ANY CANAL ZONIAN Who owns a Rolex' CMT-Master
watch shoould return this particular Rolex model by regis-
tered mail to: American Rolex 11'atch Company, 580
Fifth Ave., New York 36, N. Y., for a check by the Atomic
Energy Commission, according to the Panama Canal
Safety Branch. This particular model--all others are O.K.
--contains Strontium-90 radioactive material on its lumi-
nous dial. The company is replacing all Strontium-bearing
parts without charge. Of the 569 such models returned to
the American importer from all over the Unlited States,
432 were found to contain the radioactive material.


AmR-CONDITIONING Systems, like automobiles, need regular
check-ups, says the Maintenance D~ivision. In a $6 pack-
age deal onl window units, o-ffered by the Maintenance
Division to Canal Zone residents, the units are taken into
the shop, washed down, the fan oiled, and the unit re-
installed in. the quarters.


THE Coco SOLo Gasoline Station is to be enlarged. In-
creased facilities are planned to give those living on the
Atlantic Side as much service, similar to that available
at the new La Boca Road station in Balboa, as is possible
in a limited area.


TH EXTNSION Of the Balboa Retail Store, which will in-
crease the size of the self-service grocery section, is near-
ing completion. A more effic~ient layout will be possible
when t!:e ex~tensio~n is ~finished and newN refrigerated cases
are in place.


Two .\vwN~.u. Isthmian-wide Bow\lingI Tournament is
scheduled for this month. It will be held at the Balboa
Bott\ling A~llevs.


rr~
mrCA1







What theyp are

a.,":pawok


ON SEPTE Al BER 28, 1959 President
Eise-nhowerl signed an important law
that can be~nefit all United States cit-
izen employees of the Panama Canal
Company -Canal Zone Governmnent.
Pubhac Law 86-:382, The Federal Em-
ployees Health Benefits Act, will be
effective July 1, 1960.
This law authorized Federal Agen-
cies, such as The Panama Canal- Com-
pany-Canal Zone Government, to pay
for approximately one-half of the pre-
mium of a Health Benefits Plan for the
employee arid his family.
The emplyee will select the insur-
ance plan which meets his individual


needs. He w\ill have a choice of Irmain-
inlg in the present Panama Canlal Com-
pan!- Plaun, if it is aIpplo\edc b! the Ci\il
Service Collnnuslsionn or, he can request
cov'erage under- the Governmeniit -wide
Indemnits Plan or under the Govern-
ment-w\ide Service Benefit Plan.
The Panama Canal Company-Canal
Zone Go\ernment employees who are
members of the American Federa~tion of
Co\eIrlnment Em-ployeej will have a
choice of four plans. They can, if they
choose, select either the present Pan-
amlia Canal Company Plari, as revised
to meet Civil Serv ice Commission re-
quirements, or remain in the AFGE


plan, or they can join one of the two
Government-wide Plans.
Full information on the two Govern-
nient-w ide Plans is not yet available.
It is ex ected in the near future. As fast
as the details on this new law are receiv-
ed they will be passed on to hthe em-
ployees through THE REVIEWV, fie l0CRI
press, and by direct communication
with each employee.
Below are some questions and an-
swers to be cut out an~d saved for future
reference. Additional information, in-
cluding the plan for employees who
retire, will follow in another issue.


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS CONCERNING THIE HEALTH BENEFIT ACT P.L. 86-382


Eligibility
Q. Who is eligible for health benefits?
A. Generally, all United States citizen
employees. There are a few re-
strictions concerning part-time
or short-period temporary em-
ployees.
Q. Will the H~ealth Benefits Program
be compulsory?
A. No. You need not apply for it if
you do not wish to be covered.
Q. Will health benefits coverage be
automatic or will it be necessary
to fill out an application?
A. Coverage will not be automatic.
Each United States citizen em-
ployee of the Company-Govern-
ment will have to apply.
Q. When can Iapply?
A. The health benefits will not begin
until the fist pay period after
June 30, 1960. Before that date,
you will be given full informa-
tion by the Pe~rsonnel Bureau
and you ~will have plenty of time
to apply.
Q. Will the health benefits he only
for myself or can my family be
covered also?
A. You may enroll either for yourself
only or for yourself and family.
Q. What members of the family may
be included?
A. Your wife (or husband) and any f:
unmarried children under then
age of 19 years, including adopt-
ed children and also stepchil-
dren, if they live with you. An
unmarried son or daughter may
be covered regardless of his or
her age if incapable of self sup-
port because of a disability
which began before reaching


age of 19. Parents aInd other
relatives cannot be cov\ered even
though they may. reside with
you.
Q. Will I or any member of my fam-
ily have to pass a physical ex-
amination to enroll for health
benefits?
.A. Not if you enroll at the first op-
portunt. If ou enroll later,
you may be asked to furnish
evidence of good health,
Q. Can I (or member of my family)
be! excluded from jonn ln
because I have a hazardous job?
A. No.
Q. Can I be excluded from joining a
plan because of my age?
A.Not if you enroll at the first op-
portunity. Employees and mem-
bers of their families will be or-
iginally enrolled without regard
to their ages.
Q. I am a Panama Canal Company
employee and so is my husband.
How do we enroll?
A,. You may each enroll individually
or one of youl may enroll for the
family. If you have children and
one of you enrolls for the fam~-
ily, your children would be cov-
ered at that time.
Health Plans
. Q. What kind of health benefits plans
will be offered?
A. Every United Statesj citizen em-
ployee of the Panam~a Canal
Company-Canal Zone Govern-
ment \\ ill have a choice of two
types of Go\erlnment-widi e Plans
and also the present Panama
Canal Group Plan as revised to
meet Civil Service; Commission


requirements. AFGE members
will have an additional choice,
in the Health Plan of that organ-
ization.
Q. What are the Government-wide
Plans and how do they work?
A. There is a Service Benefit Plan
which pays direct to the doctor
or hospital for health services
rendered to you and there is the
Indemnlit Benefit Plan, which
works on the principle that you
will pay the hospital and doc-
tors' bills and the insurance com-
pany then indemnifies you.
Q. How much of the premium rate
will the Company-Governmsent.
contribute to my Health Benefits
Plan?
A. For an employee enrolled for self
alone: Not less than $1.30 bi-
weekly or 50% of premium rate
up to $1.75 biweekly. For an
employee enrolled for self and
family: Not less than $3.12 bi-
weekly or 50% of premium rate
up to $4.25 biweekly. For a
woman employee enrolled for
self and family which includes a
non dependent husband: Not
less than $1.82 biweekly or more
than $2.50 biweekly. Ii: your in-
surance coverage should cost
$2.60 biweekly and you are a
single employee, the Govern-
ment will pay 50% ($1.30). If
vou select a plan for your self
and family and the total cost is
$9.00 biweekly, the Company-
Government will pay $4.25 and
yo will pay $4.75 biweekly.
Q. How will I contribute my share of
the cost?
A. Through payroll deductions.


MARcn 4, 1960


HEALTREP: BENEFITS









L.E C. ~URER-0


IF.sN Inquiring~ re~polter madet a pe~rson
to person chckl olf thc Ca~nal o-rgalizn-
rionl, askinS c~\trenone where he w~orked.
one ourt of~ et er! isi per sons questioned
shoulld aniswer. ''The E&C Bureau." Its






) '



Kiesed in b\ numbers are: 1. J. BartIes
Smith. Elecltrical Eng~ineer: 2. P. .4.
White. Chief. Dredging D~iaision; 3.
Afeb in Biermlan. Office Engineer: -1.
Charles AlcG. Bralndl. Proiedt Engineer,
Cut 11'idening: 5. h1. F. Mlillard. Safety
Repreientatise: fi. N. E. It'i-.e. Budget
oliditrojetli Cord astor-s turi 8 \
Il. Esilinge~r. Chief Hydrographer; 9.
F. I-I. Lerchen. Ma.intenane Engineer:
10. II. I-I. Feenle\. Chief. Contract and
Inpri l r~igi < : 11. J. a eC~oolm.
mann. Clerk-Stenlographer: 13. Lt. Col.
R. D. Brownl Jr., Engine~rilng and Con-
shuruciln DIrectiew andt I~. Edu ard hL


largest of the eight Bureaus which comn-
prise the Comlpan\ -Cote~rnment. t
Ju~st as its name imlplie~s. EiC', which
stanlds for Eng~incering an~d Conistruei-
tionr. handles all of the engineering
ani-d construction wolrk for the P.mam3 l
C'anal. whether that engineering .Ind
construction is doner he thie C7omnpa\ -
(GoveC'rnmen-l t o~r unTderl coltrac~t.
Its peop'le design houlrs, sc~hool-,l ho<.
pltals. su\in-ln-ingl polsl and buildc thecm.
orII super\ i\Le the busictling. Othell Is kep
th-e Ca~nal thallnnel openly for nar ~igtlon
\nith the-iltr dredes. Still others b~uildl or
repail saleets anld highuals\d. filtrr and
distrlbulte- w.ter, anld do all Sorts OF
rnain Iti na cet operit io~ns.
Ainothel group kee~ps an t!e o1n all
contract constmection. makhing sure that
It ls being done~ in- aIcrcordance w\ith
spec~ificaticrns; The~rre e others m the
Bureaul \\ho planl ahead for thr FuI-
Liire. tngineerl\r~ingwise deadlling nith su~Ch
malor1 projeIcts as those into.l\ed in the
busines-s o-f melrea~sing the: C:.inal's c~a-
pacit!' to hanldle moC~re andJ bigger ships i
Othen~rt areasigned tO Imlportant IlobS
,r t hi ( atbo~ li ied Iti in .t cla tio n o


ther new\ hghltingL o~f thle Lock\S and CUt.
and the nlew~ tow\ingp locomo~ti\les b the~
Lock~s .11large grouP plor ides the C:.nal~
Zonei's telephone jertic~e andl k~eeps;
power flow ing inito the hnes~ wh-ich scr\e
the Canasl Zo-nel from Balboa to Crlsto,-
ball. .\nd finall\, there are still o~thcrs
w\hose jo~b it is tol see that there ii tlnough
wa~ter on hand to> ke~ep the burs! v?:ater-
\*.! fromn rUnnlingl dr!. an~d to generacrte
the pow" er for the Zone s lights and tele-
Phlones.
AlI ofi this, o-f course. is a miulti-
miillio~n dollar lob,.
During~ the plresent Fiscal !ear. the
EngSinee~ring and Constructionir Buireau
has ahanrd. one \to Ir another. insomlie
90l diB'eerent lobs, totalllin 6-10 million.
These ma\, andl do~, runi fic-ro one~c
in\ol\ inp 82.000 or less. to those inl the
910) million bracket.
The Hureau is healded b\ Lt. Col
Robelrlt D) Brownl. Jr. w\ho camne to the
Canill Zone in jul\ 195-' from the
Omaha.l Neb~r.. District of thet Colps oft
Engineerrs.
On the followilng pages. THE RE\.LT11
reports. mnostly in picturles. onl some of
die iobs this Bureaul does andt how\ It


THE PA~NMl.1 C.LN.L REVIEW











MooRomsas in the Canal Zone can thank
the Panama Canal Maintenance Divi-
sion for the good shape in w\hlch tle
hlgh;\a:1 signs are kept and for the bi il-
liance of. the white center line which
runs down most of the streets anld Ioads
in the Zone. Repair an-d replacing of
highway signs anld the repainlting of the
center lines are usulall\ dry -sea~son lobs
and almost rln\ clai now~ l ernon
Douglas, Lead Pubbe~ W\orks Forem~lnan,
can be found dirteting a1 crewr o~ Alan~-
tenance Division employees on this sort
of job.
One of his paint gangs, for instance,
can paint a center stripe alonlg the hligh-
way from the center of Balboa to- -\Iair-
jan in one eight-hour workig day. This
is done with a special machine and if
anyone thinks that a little over a mile
an hour is slow going, he should try
painting a whiteit line at that speed while
cars whiz alongside.
The highway and street signs, some
of which are responsible for the tr~affic
tickets received by unwary motorists,
also are manfctured andr painted in
the Maintenance Division shops. Mlost
of these are in both English and
Spanish.


John Ridge, Jr., Pumping Plant operator,
uses a gauge to regulate the amount of
fluorine which he is adding to the water.

FLUORIDITIONU of the Canal Zone drink-
ing water, started.l In 152. is an im-
portant part of the work at the! fltra-
tion plants at Miraflores and Mount
Hope Sodium silicoflooride, found mnost
suitable for Isthmlian use. is addid to
the water at a1 rate sufficient to~ obtalini a
residuall fluor~ide content of 0I." parts per
m~llion. In otherl locations w\here~i the
water supply has beeno thorltdated, the
chemical Is almost al\wais added to the
filterecd wate~r by' jpeciajlly set up Feed-
ers.)
Canal Zone rlchemists developed a
small device to "dump" the selected
chemical into existing so~lutiojn talks.
This device, not show\n in the picture,
conlsistj orf a drumi holder, amounted oni
a horizontal rotatinlg aisi inside~ a
small, dust-pt oof cabinret, equipped \\ ith
sprays to wa3sh all ma~terial adhering to
the container an1d the inside of the
cabinet into the ma~in solution tank. The
fluoridation does nlot affect the taste,
odor, color, or elearness of the water
supply.
The water so treated at a cost of ap-
proximatelyi $12,000 per year, serves
the population of the Canal Zonle. plus
that of. Colon and Panama City.


Rudoph Godrih ispaining rackspa
to er on te rira tak erFs
Dai. hs sa o dn ec dysesn

r,10 AC ,16


1'ernon Douglas, Lead Foreman, checks
supplies for highway marking. Assistants
are Kenneth Warner and Alberto Nicolas.


*. 1.# L J 4


MAINTENANCE DIVISION

P.au.m.i1 R~Aunownr t~drain which stop in
the milddle of now h~lere may be carry-
"ng Mailntenanlctet Dl isionl men to their

thie trac~k span- towercls alonglj the~ Iailroaddr
tl acks. ThIs re onc- of the continuing i
jobs, usulall cried out during the dry-
season- monclths la the Maintenance Di-
\iiion.
Last: month, Cristobal Field OFfice
painters \rwc painting~ the track span
tow er ls near For t Dav\ij. with s ecial
asphalt pain-t macle Fro-m a formula
furnished by' thle El-ctr-ical Division.
Thuar ploliect would carry theml ,ls far

The painting of 500 or more track
span towers each year by the Ma~inten-
ancet Di\rslon- in- -Cristobal is only one
of thel many lobs handled by the offices
on both sides of the Isthmus. Other
nalatenailincet walk which is routine in-
cluldes mainitenancel of q~uar~ters and~

mainte-nance lt'', upee nd repans11 on~ all
r~efrigelration an1-d aul-corndm~on-ur g equip-
inent, ma~intenance Ijf sewe\r s ocid drains,
minor plumbing work, and about any-
thin-g else which could be done by a
crew of highlly-trailnecl handymen.







ELECTRICAL DIVISION


WHEN IT GOES BAD, repair it, say the exu-
perts in the Electronics Section, one of
the newer units of the Electrical Divi-
sion. Its employees have to be regular
Mr. Fixits when it comes to employees
television sets, hi-fi machines, tape re-
corders, and electronic flash equipment.
The major work handled by this sec-
tion, however, is the installation and
maintenance of the two-way radio tele-
phone equipment used by the Police,
Fire, and Dredging Divisions, and by
Panama Canal pilots. At the present
time, one employee is in the United
States taking training on the repair of
many types of electronic hospital equip-
ment.
Frequently the men from this unit
are called out on transiting ships to re-
pair radios, radar, fathometers, etc. This
sometimes presents a problem as the
sets are frequently of foreign manufac-
ture. Repairmen have reported compar-
atively few failures for this cause, how-
ever, and instead have found that this
gives them such broad experience that
they can now fix anything electronic--
almost.


Maintenlance men are doing routine pre-
v~entic re maintenance on a generator while
Floor Ope~rator Ross A. Aldrich makes his
hourl! pots or report at the Gatun plant.



g:ELECTI IC POtlWER is taken for granted
by noa1I li \ eryone until--like the water
0i l tht I.-ll-it disappears. The average
6 ~nd 1.7 mnll gves little thosgt wo h
prot ic-lrs him with a useful servant
ar oull al tl~ h. lock, and which hardly ever
falls
Durliing ne rmal rainy season months,
spd a? rlt ('ntl ZeZ s e estrpoi s
at hladde n. l Dam and Gatun and in
the~ dr\ i -ason, they are supplemented
h\ Diesel plants. Although all current
for don-,mtle consumption was convert-
~:ed to 601 on tht Pal~inaa Canal locks still operate
r on Main kl~ power and will continue to
do rso Ilntll the newy towing locomotives
Share c-lrlltimed. The 25-cycle power
cf omes, tl-ro. ,ne unit at the Gatun hydro
Splint anldl a fequency changer at Cocoli.
Intc-istinS facts about power: More
e lec~trlot\ 11. used during the daytime
Than at n~ight. The lowest electric load
is b.-to r-s.ln 3 and 4 a. m. And even
during thls low period, enough current
is usedl to~ ..ual that necessary to burn
oni 100c~-\\ att light bulb for 200,000
hourj-o~r 5.333 days and eight hours.


J. A. Barbour, Wire Chief of the exchange
at Balboa H~eights, answers a call on his
board. Central Onfce Repairman J. W.
Riley is behind him making a connection.


TELEPHIONEs, those comparatively mod-
ern inventions which have turned out
to be quite handy things to have around
the house, play a major part in Canal
Zone life.
Right now there are approximately
7,700 telephones in service. On these
Zonians make an average of 134,000
calls im a 24-houraperiod, or 17 calls per

The telephones are operated through
six exchanges,Iocated at Balboa Heights,
Pedro Miguel, Gamboa, Gatun, Coco
Solo, and Cristobal.
All of these exchanges are automatic.
There are also three private branch ex-
changes, known as "PBX's." These are
at the Tivoli Guest Hlouse, the Chase
Manhattan Bank in Balboa, and at Coco
Solo Hlospital. The last will be fully
automatic by the end of March.
The daily number of telephone calls
doesn't mean that every employee
spends all of his time on the telephone.
When he gets home at night he finds
that members of his family have already
taken over the phone-especially if they
are teenagers.


In the foreground a repairman is working
onpanirb an eorkn te-way rdio lec otel
vision sets in the Balboa Electronics Shop.


Tur P w.uhl.\ CANAL REVIEW.


E. & C. BUREAU

















VISION-Materia Remval


ELECTRCAL DIVISION-Power


C. &y I. D~IVIION
SAdmi~nisrto


ENGINEERING DIVSION-Plans and Specs


ening


ys a part


THE PROJECT SITE


BIG JOB








E. & C. 8 BUREAU CONTRACT AND--INSPECTION







MosT construction and many manintenlance jobs let
out on contract by the Canal or~ganization are admini-
istered by the Contract and Inspection Div~ision.
whose inspectors keep an eagle eye on e\el y phase
of the project as it progresses from scratch to com-
pletion.
This day-by-day inspection of Canal or~ganization -r
contract work includes such duties as a check on. the
consistency of concrete used in the La Boca housjing.
the placing of reinforcing steel for the roof of the
new Los Rios school, the subgrade and surface pre-
paration for a new street in Cristobal, or the type of
paint used when Canal buildings are painted.
Safety is an important part of a job and a Contract
and Inspection Division inspector must see not only ";23
that all specifications of the contract are being follow-
ed but must make sure that safe conditions exist in
the work area. In the case of painters, for instance,


Ray S. Witt, General Construction Inspector, inspects the placin:
of reinforcing steel in the roof of the Los Rios school. In th
background, concrete is being poured in already inspected area







O this would include the use of safety ropes, goggles,
gloves and, sometimes, masks.
Recently inspectors n\ ith the Contract and Inspec-
tion Di\ ision, togetherwith other Canal personnel,
completed a six-week refresher course designed to
4 .bring both engineers and construction inspectors up
to date on modern construction procedures and new
developments in their field. The subjects covered
..safety, tile and other finishes, earthwork, welding,
pluming, painting, electrical work, roofing, concrete
work, air conditioning, lumber inspection and con-
tract administration.
The Dix ision was organized in 1951 from the
nucleus of the Contracts and Inspection Branch, then
a part of the Engineering Division. Headed by H-. H.
~FL~-~Feeney, it is divided into the Atlantic and Pacific
,~l~~P3~ .r areas. Leslie Anderson is in charge of the Atlantic
area and Kenneth Hellums holds a similar position

i *3on the Pacific Side.


Louis Mlartin. Paint Inspector from the Cristobal office, points out
certain contract reqluirements to D. Goodrich. foreman, and a
crew of painters who are about to start on a painting contract.


MARCH 4, 196i)







DREDGING DIVISION E. & G. 8 UREAU

THE MOrro of the men who staff the Dredging Divi-
sio~n shops at Camboa might w\ell be "Keep em float-
ing." Runnling repairs on the 50. or more pieces of'
floating eqluipmnllt owned and operated by the Di-
vision, are done in these s~hops.
r The shops are an important part of the D~rediging
z~. .1* t~~- IIDivision and it takes me with ~a variety of skills to
~cri IIkeep the job, called "operation maintenance," going.
Although the shops are nlot large. in the usual sense
I I ~of the word, their em~ploy.ees include .men who are
j ~skilled welders, lathe operators, sailmakers, mechan-
r ics and blacksmiths.
Ile~, JThe maintenance workt they do ranges from repairs
;.; .. Iltr~*;aF~ :to equipment as large as the 250-ton. crane Hiercutles
down to ~fine, exactig work on lamp mechanisms and'
;`f' ~~t~;;;~; *~~F~U/ .:I'. lenses in the lighted buoys which mark the harbors
; 1; F and channels of the Canal.
i~t~ In addition to the Hercules, the Dredging Division
a. * ,operates the 146-foot dipper dredge Las Cascadas;
the suction dredge Mindi w\ith its 28-ic diamtr
tube; the mighty midget Mandinga which,, with its
10-inch pipe, is the Canal's smallest suction dredge
and which was constructed in the Gamboa shops; a
fleet of gravel barges, tugs, mlotor boats and launches.
The Cascadas is presently engaged on the Canal~
channel widening project. T~he Mandinga has just
jlrefinished most of the dredging in connection n ith the
It's, no accident that the buos s are in such a soldier-straight line?, substructure of the $20,000,000 bridge now under
for it takes great skill and patience to place then so perfectl,. Capt. construction across the Canal at La Boca.
Frank Harris of the 4\tlas has just given the w~ord to drop the buo)'.


RLDINGc HERD on 178j buo\s. used inl the Canal proper
to mal k thle channel. andi on 226 others marking the
small boat channels inl Gatun Lake is a never-ending~
lob for the .Aids to Navigation Sectionl of the DredgS- 1-'

hldiintenanice of thle buoys which, together w~ith
thle sading- and seal-rangies. guide marirlers to and
safe(I\ tbrougleh the Palnama~ Canal. includes periodic
o\rerhaul at the Dredging Dluision Shops at Cambroa.
This a~rerhaul 1s scheduled eter\ 18 months For the
buLovs~ located inl salt wa~ter and etery live ye~ars for
thoc~sr in the fres-h wa~terl of C~atun Lakte. In between,
the menr in thle Aids to~ Nau\ gatlon must keep a sharp
ete' out forl light failure or other defects wrhic~h might
hanlldrr thelir effe~cticr-tenes as nra\igation guides.
\\'hien o\trhaul1 timie comes~ around. the buo\s are
hite-d fromm their moorings b! the cranieboat A-tlas and
replaced onl the spolt by~ others. This operation is kept
oni a C~ontinuling4 basiS witht a record of the buois anid
their sc~hedultes bled ilo the Section's headquuarters.
Ou~tsrde of o~ne II-tunI~ whistlinS sea buo\, which
m~rk~s the outtes anchOrager at the Pacihe entrancer of
the Ca'nal, the Panamna Canal bllils weligh in at six
tons. illst o~f those that are lightted are powered b!
avert ilene gas. although all are now~ being con\.LeTrtd
padcuall\ to- battersl operation. The act~ual isght in a1
Canal bumlj is onl\ a1 fc\w ca~ndlepower~ but ii mag-
nifiedl b\ lensts to, a point where it is \islble fo,. The village blacksmith of years ago would turn green with envy to
several miles. The lights are turned on automatically qhi iin,p 'ss anc" ; 1Ougfe:tel Jonm arow ofadd De ,
at nghtby asunsw sch r su tave.C. A. Wayne, straighten a white-hot shaklde at the Gamboa shops.
THE P.LN.4MA C.1N.4L REVIEW I.5




















































METEOROLOGY AND I-IYDROGRAcPHY

THESE SPECIALISTs of the elements can tell you just about
everything about the weather except what it w~ill be bkle
tomorrow. They know so much about -weather that they know:
you can't predict it, except in a general way. But if you waint,
statistics about sunshine, rain; temperature, humidity, wind.
direction and velocity, then you've come to the right place.
The records they keep are literally to the minute, and even
to the tenth of the minute, in the case of the length of time
the sun actually shines each day.
The~ information they compile is used in many ways. Sonie
helps determie long-time trends or weather cycles. It is quite
possible that a lawsuit could be settled by their Egures. If a
shipper claims that his goods were damaged by rain because,
of negligence in handling, it would be easy to determine~
whether it had been raining at the time and exactly how heavy.
the rain had been.
At the right, L. Hl. Fennel, a meteorologist, is servicing the
anemometer located on the tower near the Administration
Building.


It takes a lot of engineering to make a townsite a town .. .
George T. Darnall Norman L. Randall J. M. Cooke Richa
Estimates Structural Designing. Engineer Air


Eucaris Carranza
Typist


Wells
Spe


rd Brown
Conditioning
SD. Wright
ecial Studies


David A. Yerkes
Architect
Nathaniel Litvin
Plumbing
11en K. Miller
Electrical


F. K. Ben, Jr.
Civil Engineer


William Pretto
Specifications
Jose Cotter
Surveyor


Lucas Landecho
Rodman


Joe M. Watson
Administrative Assistant


MARCH 4, 19650


E. & C. BUR EAU


ENGINEERING DIVISION
























.- 1
Y'unmm! Pretty Bonnie Dasis eats one of
pod cuead iloanaamam an old an tum chips










50 Years Ago
htlanea II.5 lir ues ago,-I w\as .i month of t
rcconds~ On Ml.iich 5. 1910~. Shotei.l 513.3
w\orkinS ini thc Cu~lebhra conntrllctlon


eight hau~lls, the ilhovetl ecia\ atedt -1.000
c~ubiC \ardal of rock and1 L'arthI. loadinR
211 Llcgrnowl-\c~~ But crarl with the ma1-


S35 Tea rs go
THE SHA~PE of~ ilingS tc0 LonIru \\35 I1-
dlccitel b! U. S. Clmnptllr I allesGenral
j. R lc Cal ol w ho co me~7nnt!ded in
\\as~hlinetl.n. 25 \tes~s agoc this mnllith.

Compnlld y .i aI sepallate entlt. Hr said
that the Railroald slhuld be male~l part
of' tht Panamai Canal opertio.ln.
1 ears Xgo




result in few\ c change inl prl sonneil. Lt.
Co\ H-. D. \'owel aninounced. .

One Year Ago
FIN1L P'L115 and Spr-icii~lla iln5 10 th::
substru~ch lctur andl su~pers.tru~c~turelr o the
new\ hlgh-lete--I brlidge aCICoss the. Canl d

this mon-,ith to mem~n bers of ther hiiidge
Board ofit Conllsu~ltants and1 thtre e-n-


a. Meats: Native Beef and Sausage Products. .......... ....$13,791.00
b. Seafood: Fish, Lobster, Shrimp. ................... ..... 2,342.00
c. Agricultural:
Coffee....... . . . .. . . ...... 65.00
Vegetables and Fruit in Season. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... . 5,757.00
d. Dairy: Eggs and Milk Products. ................... .... 10,136.00
e. Bakery: Bread and Rolls ................... ........... 1,691.00
f. Others: Brewers Grain and Blacks~trap Molasses. .. .. ... .. 1,340.00
2. Beverages: Beers and Soda W~ater. ................... ....... 6,687.00
3. Tobacco Products ................... ................... ... 200.00
4. Toilet Articles: Mouthwashes, Lotions, Colognes, Ointments and
Pomades .................. . .. ........... ........ 2,104.00
5. Batteries "Tasco" ................. ......... .......... ... 2,030.00
6. Gases: Acetylene, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Cooking. . .. .. ... ... .. 4,460.00
7. Building Materials:
a. Forest Products ............. ........................ 307.00
b. Cement.........; ...... ....... ................ 15,000.00
c. Sand. .................. .. ..................... 1,972.00
d. Paints, etc ................... .............. ... 900.00
e. Miscellaneous Building Materials. .. .. .. . .. ... .. .. .. . 5,115.00
8. Miscellaneous Goods for Re-Sale: Plantain Chips, Sport Shirts, Post
Cards, Brooms. ......... . .... . ... .. 7,829.00
9. Miscellaneous Use Items: Visqueen Bags, Plastic Bags, Uniforms... 3,409.00
Total Consumner Goods. ................... .......... $85,135.00
10. Services. ................. ....................... 9,700.00
Grand Total..... ......... .......... ............. $94,S.35.001
(Editor's Note: By error the Services figure listed in the December tabulation was for three
ziaonths, rather than one. The figure above, therefore, is not comparative.)


TH~E P.4N.1101 C.-IN.1L RE\'IEW\


$1.6 million

in January

CLOSE TO a quarter of a million crisp,
go~lden plan-tainl chips a month are being
PoPpe'd into eager Canal Zone mouths
these day s The figure, based on a teen-
ager's count of the number in one ofI the
ounce-and-a-quarter packages of the
plantain chips, might be a bit off be-
cause of her appetite and is not subject
to internal audit.
Plantain chips, turned out by two
Panama City firms, have proved to be
One of the most popular new Panama-
nian items on sale in the Canal 20ne's
retail stores. The producers are the
n~-r'i n~ Pan mef~ h Galts

together,eseHl an average hof t50hwor h

chp coe- in pundhalfpud and

In January, the following table shows,
the Supply Division purchased in Pan-
ama a total of $85,135 worth of items,
ranging from the tiny chips to build-
-ing materials. The January Filgn-st,
somewhat below those of iDecember,
reflect seasonal buying, Supply Di\ i.
sion sources said.
The purchases of meat and fresh
vegetables were both considerably high-
er in dollar value in January than they
1. Food Products:


TO PANAMA


had been the previous month. Seafood
purchases in January,~ however, were
less than half of those for December;
l<.snlipr Itis a.-Is little seafood \r as offered
for said..\no~ther~ lirge? dlop-off~ was that in
beverages. This was amtibuted to heavy
purchases made ilu~ring the Chr1istmasl
holidays. some of which were left over
inl CanaIlI Zone households for subse-
quent consumption.
The increased purchases of building
materials reflect increased construction
prjcts.
pro together, $1,6i55,463.07 flowed
from the Canal Zone to Panama in
January through the Supply Division

t0 loa ims. hI lretaof ths et s
the $1,365,628.07 paid to non-U. S. cit-
izens on the Canal rolls during January.
Another large sum was the $195,000
awarded in contracts to local firms. One
of these contracts wYas that for the con-
struction of the new Rainbow City
theater, let to the Dillon Construction
Company onl a1 Iusa of $112,700.
A breakdown of the direct official
purchases in Panama by the Supply
Division during January follows:
Value









_ ~~~


HEALTH BUREAU
Rae F. Elicker
Nurse Supervisor
MARINE, BUREAU
William C. Keepers
era ticalForeman,

edrToo~hol Attendant
S PY AND OMNT
SERVICE r ~eLAU


Suld W.Rurements Clerk
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Joseph F. Shea
Engineman


ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Francis V. Lord
Letterpress Pressman
ENGINEERING AND CON-
STRUT N TRAT
Royu ricy u :
Engineer
Livingstone A. Burke

Cla ee e A. Hope
Mason


Juan BI. Martinez
Clerk
Eugenio Rangel
Field Tractor Operator


CIVEL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Fitardo A. Henry
Laborer


MARINE BUREAU
Jaroth Archibald
Launch Operator


Dorius A. Amnedee
Stockman n


Egbert S. Clarke
Baggage Room Worker


ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Phyra I. DeCoster
Bindery Worker
Elaine E. Newton
Bindery Worker
CIVEL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Helen G. W~allace
Elementary and Secondary
School Teacher
Patrick A. Regist
Detention Guard
Frank eckman

Charles Edwin Small


No de Leanoer
Gerald S. Oakley
Laborer Cleaner
OFFICE OF THE COMP-
TROLLER
Donald J. Bowen
Supervisory Accountant
ENGINEERING AND CON-
STRUCTION BUREAU
Alcides Alcaza
Heavy Duty Equipment
Helper Mechanic
Vincent Biava
General Foreman Machinist
George Pierre
Fireman
Rene P. Trembleau ..
Maintenance Machimist
Alfred J. W~aldorf
Pumping Plant Operator
Luciabno Del Cid S*
Laorer
RaHe 11Mro e nan C
Mauricio C. Poveda
Painter
Owen Carlyle
Leader Seaman
Carlos A. Valderrama
Launch Seaman
Pablo Gtimez
Boatman
Cindido A. Mel~ndez
Navigational Aid Worker
Raul Leinch
Helper Electrician


Pascual A. Flores
Seaman
Wilfred W. Jones
Clerk
Milton Thelwell

Juan A harra
Oiler
Te6filo G6mez
Seaman
Isaac Bermaidez T.
Engineering Survey Aid
ReH 1 r Cabe Slicer
Evans Auguste
AMaindtenaC eman

Cresencio Rivera
Boatman
AustnG Mapp
Cristcibal Mrlo
Oiler
Victor E. Gi
Laborer
Mildmay C. Lamotte
General Helper
Ivan F. Lashley
Storekeeping rk
HEALTH B A
Frances G. tmn
ChiefDitta
Stella B. Ogden
Sta~ff Nurse
Frank E. Lynch
Medical Technician
Wellington G. Myles
Cook
Jacob A. Mason
Kitchen Attendant
Gu lrkmo H-erman

MARINE BUREAU
Donald Mathieson
Chief Engineer, Towboat or
Fery
S. E. Harrison
Launch Operator
James G. Murray
General Engineer
Charles E. Jones
Chief Engineer, Towboat or
Ferry


Hugh Maloney
Pilot
Raymond J. K~ielholer
Lead Foreman, Locks Control
H-ouse

Jame eE gieer, Towboat or
Ferry
Lester Hayles
Leader Laborer
Joseph N. Springer
Clerk
Jluan A. Henriquez

Walter F. Jarvis
Lck eOperC zr Electrician

M eaem G
Mi~gue A arcia
Luis IDeLe6n
A CementWorker
S'arA.Ma s



adnW. Bon
Lead Foreman L cks

Ca

SUP COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Wilbert H. Kellman
Baker
Constantia T. Lawson
Sales Section Head
Rafaela Salas
Counter Attendant
Irene V. McLean
Food Service Sales Checker
Jos6 G. Santana
Laborer
Hilario Rojas
Laborer .
Joscelyn H. Everng
Clerk
Randolph V. Perkins
Service Station Sales Checker
Edna Thomas
Clerk
Clemente Calder6n
Laborer


Manuel Morales P.
Laborer
Claude? L. Goodridge
General Helper
Cleveland G. Meikle
Erle k elcker
Cook
S. Santamaria
Laborer
JosB A. Martinez
Laboe Cleae
Samuce U Joh ns
Alfonso H. Cole
T IaborerRC'leaner
Laborer Cleaner
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Vivian A. Blandford
Motor Vehicle Dispatcher
Gordon H. Edwards
Leader Laborer
Segundo Salazar
Fireman
Edward A. Stamp
Watchman
Ralph F. Rowland
Helper Automotive Mechanic
Basil I. Nelson
Clerk
Arthur J. Edwards
General Helper
Rudolph N. Stewart
Helper Liquid Fuels
Wharfman
Stanley C. Dennis
Chauffeur
Samuel Grant
HHel er Mna minist
Laboe
Alfonsore' Aribo
Laborer
Cornelius Samuels
Helper Liquid Fuels
Wharfman
George C. Clark
Guard
Antoine Bruno
Truck Driver
Edward Seally
Clerk


MARCH 4, 1960


ANNIVERSA~RIES


OFFICE OF THE CMnea
TROLLER e h't
Alfredo Lombana P pi gas Borbua
AccountingCocOprt er
Anne E. WillEs( L, Vne s M. Davis
Time, Lea eadParl Cr kOea pr
TRANSPORTATION A S MUIY
TERMINALS BUREAU SERVICE BUREAU








P R OM~OTI ON S

A\ND~



.January 75 through February 15


EMIPLOYEECS \\IO) 11t l.e P'ullloted or I
tranrtcerred bectwacri January~T 15 aid
Ftb!lruar 15 are Ilsted below.r Wilthn-

aldte r101O 1n ne t d onb re~Cla1SIific-

CIl lL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mlr,. \'irginia Ki. Roberts, as tretar Office
of th.- D retoLr
Clemenite .4ra B.. ro Clcrk-T!Cpbt, Police

Disision of Schools
Mlrs. Mlargaret E. Card. M1rs. Karthryn L.
Kinodle, to1 Elemncittr!.\ and becondar \

Mirs. Lillion E. Jenkim.. toi Recreition
Leadelcr.
OFFICE OF THE GO\'ERNOR-
PRE~SIDENT
Mlrs. Emelinla Frensile\, to, bretwrn, Pan-

OFFICE OF THE. COMIPTROLLER
W\illiaml 1. 11'ic~hinann, to- Rupcrt iss~r)

ENGINEERINGC 4ND CONSTRUiCTION
BUIREAU
Charles W\. Humlmer, to~ Slperr imo-r? Conl-
~truc~tllon Insp.;<.to-r. Bal.-. Br~lidge Pro -

Dlrdging Disi-.ion

CIoo~ Denot3 l 15Halli E. e re hrke. tes

Georee HI. McrFarlane. Inocencin I'alencia.
Armanndo Palmerr. Robert Bell. luan Polo,
1 icenlte.1. Smith. Patricio Perea. Carlos
\'alderrala.. Luis Quintero. Pedro Mlon-
tero. to, S.n.llm.n.
W~illiaml E. Da!er. Edmlond Smiith. to- Lead. l
er .:aman. .
Stanle\ 1. Jones~. Alarcelino Figueron, t,,

Jol; hI. .1brego. tor Bosn~ia, l
Joieph Francir. to~ Lauirc c...Ibemn
julio Mlusmano. Iroml1 D~.L.-ethand Ntc.l-
terIrI D m ms..r.I. M aIjTn.. Burl...s.. to Fl...st-

hlamntenane Disition

ne sloiE. IIC. .dle. Purmtal .. Enerrle\.


10.i 1. O(a rido hi. Pabl E.. Perez.
Joep 1\. Inr n. ito Ma~inten Ircrne.iman
Ernesto .1rrocha. Juani Perea, toi Plgpe trier

HE.4LTII BRE.4ti
Mliss Martha R. Podbielilki. to Clerk-5te~no-
L'r3ph.-r. 016<~.; oft l.. DIre< Wrl.
GorgS Hospital
Xl1 Frances. G. Gemn,sn to, Chief Dl..tl-


Lawr encer C. Burton. Jose .4. G~arcia. CI~de
D. Barile\. Benynamm Cartillo. t.* Hirii--

Jamee, \.C~reene. from 5 lrs Cleirk, bI~a. ~11


Cleaner, H-ousing Branch, Community
Services Division.
Tomis E. Obeso, to Laborer, H-ousing

Eugreane A. Johnson, to File Clerk, Housing

Curti bo TFitzgerald, to Chief Usher,
Lawrence R. Baptiste, to Sales Section
Head, Retail Section.
Telmo Gonzlilez, to Scrap Material Sorter,
Storehouse Branch.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUrREAU
ESduardo V. Lindsey, from. Laborer Cleaner,
Service Center Branch, to Automotive
Equipment Servicemnan, Motor Trans-
portation Division.
Theodore Forbes, to Clerk-Typist, Rail-
road Division.
Arnulfo Manning, Wrelder, from Industrial
Division, to Railroad Division.
Terminals Division
Mrs. Alda L. McLeod, from Clerk-Typist,
Navigation Division, to Accounting
Clerk.
Clifford L. Brown, David DeSuze, High
Lift Truck Operator, from Supply Di-
vision, to Terminals Division,
Mrs. Dorothy G. McLain, to Freight Rate
Assistant (T ping).
Philip C. Neb ett, from Laborer, Mainten-
ance Division, to Dock Worker.
L ctor Ramos toNLa orer.FoeProA
Magaila, to Ship Worker.
Teo omiro Erique N., to Water Service

Exsequiel Dawrson, Ernesto A. Arce, to
Leader Ship Cargo Operations.
PROMOTIONs which did not involve
changes of title follow:
OTHER PROMOTIONS
1Miss Mary F. Maguire, Mrs. Lois J. Deer-
wester, Mrs. Margaret M. King, Secre-
tary, Office of Governor-President.
Miss Annie F. McDade, Secretary, Execu-
tive Planning Staff.
Miss Bertha I. Frensley, Secretary, Office
of the Comptroller.
Mrs. Joan C. Clare, Secretary, Office of the
Director, Marine Bureau.
Mrs. Wilma D. Crump, Secretary, Office
of the Director, Transportation and Ter-
minals Bureau.
Mrs. Mildred J. Spivey, Clerk-Typist, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Mrs. Frances E. Hunnicutt, Clerk-Steno-
grapher, Police Division.
Myron A. Schroeder, Accountant, Account-
ing Division.
John H. Moses, Swimming Pool Manager,
Edivislio o. Wbrn Towboat or Ferry
MMast~er, Dredgi g GDiisian. Acutn

W Ilim R Dixn Is e sio Hobby, Lead
Foreman, Transportation Equipment Op-
erations, Motor Transportation Division.
(See page 20)


MARINE BUrREAU
Leonidac Critides, to Pilot.
Robert D. \'alentine, to Pilot-in-Training.


.11 rd eorn "jromt Clerk, Office of Gen-
rlal lan r cr, Supply Division, to Deck-
.1 tolian a (rG n

Branchil. Comrlmunity Services Division
tc-, DTtc-h..nJ '
Das id E. Emnery, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Hlerbert La> ne. to Deckhand Boatswain.
Sidne\ .1. Lreore, from Waiter, Hotel Sec-
tlllm. Suppl Division, to Deckhand.
Nesille Reece. Laborer, from Supply Di-
salon1I tol N~.nigation Division.
Industrial Division
11'illiaml C. Il illoughby, to Industrial En-
c Ine. r.r.
JamesC N. Presott, from Laborer, Grounds
b~ranch.. Community Services Division,
tl-, I-l.lp'.r Rilqger.
.4rdenlon C. Franklin, from Hospital La-
bolrler. ComI~ Solo Hlospital, to Painter.
Ea rl .4. Ecscalo~na, from Package Boy, Sup-
yJI UI "*I.1. to Laborer.
Chide E. Dunnl Moodie, to Htelper Mrachin-

lu31n LeonI. Iran ILaborer, Maintenance Di-
i ist..s.. Ell1neering and Construction
Bue ock PieDivision

IWhn Ki. Darih. Leo W. Eastman, from Sub-
stlttlle \melorw Clerk, Postal Division,
to ITluinei Locomotive Operator.
Carloi E. Caslderbn, Norman A. Joseph,
Felipe Sanltalnaria, Quintin G6ndola, to
Helpe?~r Look. Operator.
N~emre.io 5. lielly, Granville L. Wilson, to
Clerk
Iamesi 11. Zeljlman, to Leader Lock Oper-

inhni .1. Mladilon, to Lead Foreman, Lock

Talmladaec 1. Womble, Roy S. Wallace,
tl.. Lead tlr Lock Operator Electrician,
liaolter hI. Hartman, James P. Hayman, to
LL.Id Fnrceman Locks Control House.
Charles L. Miller, to Lock Operator Ma-
.. i ist
Hurh C;. Das is, Elisha E5. Gordon, Labor-
..r from supply Division to L~ocks Di-

Georger it. How\e, from Kitchen Attendant,
sul~pph Dullon, to Laborer, Locks Di-

SUiPPLY ANDD COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU
htr l -c~.r Orr, to Secretary, Office of
Ilenr\ C. Fergus, to Supervisory Clerk,

Lrent LD: Fiol to Baker, Supply Di-

Felton L. Gill. Jr., to Clerk, Office of the
Coelrn~l rl 1.inager, Suphply Division.
Fit2 C. Bour~ne. to Ware ouseman, Supply

George 11'. Squires, to Leader Laborer


THEr P.

TRANSFERS


































had once housed one of the most exsten-
sive private collections of birds ever
seen in these parts.
For many years. anyl child, or curious
adult, was welcome in the Bryan home
to see the birds which fluttered without
restraint around the house, and in the
case of the tamer ones, settled on the
caller's shoulder.
Little is `known of the history of the
old house. It was carried on the prop-
erty books as "Mliscellaneous Type Gold
Married Quarters, Flame. Date Un-
known, Old French." It appears with a


Mrs' Veron -'indsay, Kin ston, Jamaica,
B. W. I., Packagecr, Supp y Division; 18
years, 12 days, Rio, Abajo, R. P.
Hen M~chenzi, us jj, R.g P Toror
6 months, 2 days; undeclded.
Pedro Ortiz. N~avino. Colombia~, Deckhanrd.
N. us oulcn Diion 36 .sears, months
Enrique R. de la Ossa, PanmaIT; City, R. P.;
Special Panama Railroad Agent, Rail-
road DIvision, -S !ears. 7 month-.. 19
days; Panama Clty. B(. P.
Mrs. Mar? E. Pearson. Fairmount, lnd .
Accountine Clerk. Termminals Division.
9 yeadrs, 5 months, 8 day!s. Ma~rgaritil
C. Z.
Robert L. Robinson, Brasher Falls, St.
Law re-nce. N. Y.; Lead Foreman Joiner,
Alain tena nee Division; 17 ~years, 25
days. FlOrida
\'ictor Rosero, E:1 Valle, R. P.; Pipelayer,
Maintenance Dix ijion: 27 years, 7 days;
SPinama, R P.
Mrs. I\\ V'. Simmons, IKingston. Jamaica,
B.' W.i I.; Counter Attendant,. Supply
Division: 16 yeals, 1 mor-nthl, 21 days;
Bl a 'rla Pacora, R. P.; Helper Lock
Operator, Locks Division; 24 years, 8
months, 4 days; Arraiian, R. P.
Julio Vasquez, Panama City, R. P.; Paint-
er, Looks Division, 26 years, 6 days;
Panama. R. P.


base date of 1907, indicating the time
it was added to Canal property records.
A letter in the Panama Canal files
reports that the house was an "old field
office, converted to family ,quarters and
built on, the site 'of an old French
Reservoir," and this probably gave rise
to the rumors that tunnels connected it
to Gorgas Hospital.
Mr.Bryan has been dead for- some
years and Mrs. ~Bryan died recently.
The house was in such poor condition
that it was safer to burn it than to
demolish it.







SII I v
FROM CRISTOBAL
Cristobal. .. I. . ... . ... .March 3
Ancon. . .. . .. .. . .. March 9
Cristobal.... ;. ............March 19
Ancon..; .'.... M rh 25
FROM NEW YORK
Ancon ......;.............March 1
Cristobal. . .. . .. .. .. ... March 11
Ancon. .. . .;. .. .. .. .. March 17
Cristobal. .. .. .. .. . March 29

RPrnotionS and Transfers
(Continued from Page 19)
Ricardo A. Castillo J., Joaquin M. Ponce,
.Edwin F. Barnes, Azael J. Benavides,
Carlos E. Bech, Louis H. Hack, En-
g nieering Draftsman, Engineering Di-
Sim6n Quiroz, Laborer, Storehouse Branch,
Supply Division.
Miguel Vargas S., Edwin S. Applewhite,
Gonzalo L6pez, Cement Finisher, Locks
Division, Marine Bureau.


ANOTHER BIT Of Canal Zone history
came to an end last month. This time
the demise was not due to the hammers
and levers of wreckers, but to a' fire
deliberately started by th3 Canal Zone
Fire Division,
This somewhat' spectacular end was
the fate of House 269 in ~Ancon, known
to everyone who was once a child on
the Pacific side--and to a good many
adults as well-as the Birdwoman's
H~ouse. Occupied for over 40 years by
Mrs. Lucille .Bryan :and, before his
death, by her husband, A. H. Bryan, it



jlRETIREMENTS
RETIREMENT Certi icateS were presented
at the end of February to the following
employees who are listed alphabetically
below, together with their birthplaces,
positions, years of Canal service, and !
their future addresses:
Clarence D. Archbold, Old Providence
.Island, Colo~mbia- Wire Cable Worker,
Locks Di\sion.: 35 )earj, 6 months, 25
days; FJarcnaa, R. '.
Eligio Buitrago, Penonome, R. -P.; Track
Laborer, Railroad Division; 20 years, 2
months, 14 days; Penonome, R. P.
Joseph Clarke, St.- Catherine, Jamaica.
B.W.I.; Helper Machinist, Industrial Di-
vision; -43 years, 4 months, 24 days;
Colon, R. P.
Whitman P. Garrett, Tuscaloosa, Ala.;
Water Patrol Policeman, Police Divi-
sion; 20 years, 5 months, 16 days; Jack-
sonville, Fla.
Oscar A. Green, Kingston, Jamaica, B.WV.I.;
Carpenter, Terminals Division; 01 .\crs,
Jo3e on hs, 24 d y; ndecided.Bbdo;
Helper Lock Operator, Locks Division;
44 years, 5 months, 7 days; undecided.
Miss Dorothy C. Kern, Mankato, Minn.;
Elementary School Teacher, Division of
Schools; 31 years, 5 months; North


MAECH: 4, 1960


History goes up in flames .. .





Chest Service Chief plans study


--ACCIDEN TS --


THE MONTH


THE YEAR

FIRST
JANUARY
CASI
-so
Ar..L uNITs 240
YEAR TO DATE 240

irsimec I-uarters andl pluggeSd in a lalp
n\ith af rale~d co-rd or other defect \ou
tcl It ttle or nio shock;. And that Is w\h\,
\b I1n !ol tn do ~the same thling in at house
ka!li contcre-t: til; floor \ou mla\\ get a
11nc (t ollsid~Erablel St\eveit\. \~ur
hi hps to prolit ie path through
tJ1.l] i~lT Itl) the gnkjud forl thet electic~it
\r unc- 1~.! tri e thle ground.
Here u si sorme hrint, as to, how\ to
present whalt might be serious injur!:
1. Clheekl alI e~lectrical eqluipmcnt
flrlllrlqetl! and rep~lalr. or havec re~pairel,
fr~reed \ rlrs, imiperfrct plugs. fault!
ouitletj, wall j\wItche~s, etc.
H.1\I-a three-\ ire rcord insjtalled
w\ith the- t~'~Prop three--prone; plug~ onI all
hrar i dut\ applialnce~s such as w\ashing
maeluint,. homenr power tools. clothes


AID
ES
'se
214
214


DISABLING
INJURIES
*so 'sE
10 1:
to 10:


driers, dishwashers, etc. Radios and TV
sets in metal cabinets also need this
safeguard.
3. Check periodically on the con-
dition of the pulkchains for bathroom
and kitchen fitres, especially those
over washbowls and sinks, and report to
Housing at once if the 'insullating~f link"
is broken or missing. There is free
replacement in those locations.
4. Keep water and electrical equip-
ment at safe distances apart. Don't use
portable radios, radiant heaters, hair-
driers and rim ilar aIppl iance in the bath-
room. Don't ever turn on a faucet with
one hand while you use an electrical
appliance with the other as it forms an
almost perfect ground through the body
for a defective appliance or fixture.


SONE OF THE Canal Zone's leading P1n-
amanl3an doctors. Dr. Rodolfo 1'. Y'ount-
will spend the nest fouir monthsr doine i
POSt-gradua.te stud! at the Unliilerst! of t
Californiia Medcical School ini San Frai-
risco Dr. You~ng. n ho is Chief ofI the
Chest Serr ice at Cor~gas Hospltal. plals
to lease for San Franuslco A\pril II.
Dr. Young w\ill study\ under Dr. Set -
mour N. Farber, Chief of the Uniiser-
sity of Californla Tuberculo~sis uct
Chest Serrvice nt the San Francisto) CenI-
eral Hos~pltal w hO is inlter na~tionall,
known as% an outstanding speea~list Iin
the field of pulmoniar! disease.
Dr. Young's post-graduate wocrk w~Ill
be the hith suich tour sponsored b! the
Canal Zon-e G~o\erm entlt \\ thin the
pact lear for Panamaniaan doctors inl the
Canal Zune's hospitals. Dr. Edualndo de -
Alba, e~ardihlogrst. returned reecntly
from a re~frrsher course in New\ Y'ork.
Se\eral months earlier Dr. Juan L. Co-
rrea. Jr.. a spec ialiit in gastrolog\. spelt
some time in Brazil working on his par-


ticular field. Dr. Josh .Fllos-Dlnz, an
internist, was at Harvard Meld icall School
for two months last year, and Dr. Ro-
getlio Arosem~ena, Assistant Chief of the
Surgical Service, was in the United
States last spring doing post-graduate
work in sul.rger.
Dr. Young was born in Panama City
and is a graduate of the National Insiti-
tute. Hle attended Ohio State U~niver-
sity and took his degree in medicine
from Northwestern Medical School in
Chicago. H-e served both his internship
and his residency at Corgas Hospital.
He has headed the Chest Service since
January 1957.
A fellow of the American College of
Chest Physicians, he is also a member
of the Council of the Section of Diseases
of the Chest of the Pan-American 1Medl-
ical Association. In addition to his work
at Gorgas Hospital he has been Profes-
sor of Pthisiology at the University of
Panama's Medical School since 1957.


THE PANAMlA CANAL REV'ITll'


FOR



SAFETY



ALTHOUIGII1 a god manyl Zo~nianls han- l
been li\ing inl o-n-the-groundl rnne~rete
houses for the past decade. some of
theml are still ha1\ uig somew\~hat shockling
experirrnces n ith their electrical ap'-
pljances. ,
IIn 99cases out of 100( the tlault liesl in
the appliances themnsel\es. not in the
bouse .111 Crla Zna cedinarte-rs ne \irred

trical code. Thle \\iring has been rigedl.'
inspec~ted and tested before the hlouse
are occ lied
Electulral crquipmeltnt deteriorates rap-
idiv in the tropics, ane oJF the Fir~st thlingS
to go Is the insulation whlich kee~ps the
internal w\iringe from contact w\ith the
body' of the appllancr. In framei quartels
the w~ooden flooring supplcmenltj thus
insulation. Concrete tile floors, on the
other hand. help to, pro\.ide a glound
for the imlperfec~t c-lectrilcal appliancr .
particularly undei w\et or humid eindi-
tions.
That is w~h!. wheln you w\ere li\ ing in




































Leslie Loga and H. C. Simpson lay down dust as they start a hunting trip. Their wives call themselves dry season widows.



DRaY SEASON




THE HUMIDTTY is down, spirits aeli upt
vacations to the Interior are boomling
and, wonder of wonders, salt po~uls out
411 of its shaker with hardly a fight.
All of this means that the dry seasonl
A...is upon us. The pictures on these t\n..
pages show some of the things \\ bichi
go on around here at this time of year.
To be sure, the temperature, humnidit
and rainfall were all higher than usually
in January and from the way things jIre
behaving as this issue of THE REllEli.
goes to press, the February figures may!
show about the same.
But even with an occasional shower-l,
.these are the days for hunting, fo bsh-
ing, for sliding down sunburned hlills
on palm leaves, and for all kinds of out-
door activities. And, of course, for the
perennial pessimist, who doesn't be~liee
is ,as @st nobody, nohow.
The annual migration of the tourists has arrived right on schedule during the
dry season. The group above has inst transited the Cut on the ferryboat Porras.
22 MARCH 4, 1(J6i

























Perennial pessimist


Palm fronds are the traditional favorite for sliding down hml during the dry
season as this Gamboa gang has discovered. The girls are Christine Jenner
and Pattie Bittel, and the two boys are William Garber and James Hludgins.







At Santa Cruz, 250 International Boy Scouts got together for their annual
camporee, a dry season event. The Scouts below, from Troop 1 of Rainbow
City and Troop 13 of Camp Coiner, toss their hats as they end a spirited yell.


The young fisherman was luckier than the
photographer. The boy got his fish, and
disappeared before we could get his name.


THIE PANAMA CANAL .REVIEW


~Ll~i












TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN JANUARY
199 1960
Commecial826 902
L' S Co\enmie nt.;. ... 9 19
Total.... ...:.;...'.... 835 921
TOLLS=
Commercial..... .t,3,2-1,693 54,116,273
U. S. Governimentl 5".7'18 60,3j05
Total . .~.j.,9-'7,491 44.206,5-73
CARGO Ilong tons)
C~~lnmerlucal...... 4.366,510 4,871,727
UZ. 5 C~o\ernmnt.n -12,5-16 55,896

'I oused on lo n cn sil \ij,. o.e n-a nRjFC anil smsn


ruary with a cargo of Eur~opean auto-
mobiles destin-ed for WVest Coast ports.
On her returnl trip to New\ Y'ork, it is
expected she w\ill carry bu.lk cargo.
Shpope~rtor u\'allenius, wrho has
named all1 of his ships after famous
operas, also owns the recent -built
Figarli and~ Tristan,i both of wh~lich carry
au~tomobiles through the Panamata Canlal
Agents here are C. Fernie & Co.
New NIX Ships
THE NTPPON YUSEN KAISHA Line, better
kl-nmen as~ NY`K, nlow has under con-
Ultrucion twoV new\ exprelSS carF o \essels
\'. which \ ill be added to the w~estbound
loundr-the-wall I d sertites in May\ of this
lear. According to infor-mation in the
Parcific Shipper. thez newr high speed


Pioneer Fleet
Tar PLONE~ER hlAIN ~hlc~h doilckd in
Balboa recenth\ is; one of a1 Beett of nine
Manriner-class freighterJ ojperatrcd by the
Amnerican Pion~er Lin~e be-tweein the;
East coast of the Unite~d Statefs and ther
Far East. Likec other meml-bers of the
fleet, the Plnioner A~laiiin whln full\ lo~ad-
ed has a displace~menlt tonna~ge of 19.000)
to 20,000 tons aind ain opera~;tin~g Ipeed
of 20 knots. -~
She carries ge~ncial cargo from the
United. State-s to the Falr East and re-
turns with general cargo from Japan,
Hong Kong, and the Philippine Islands.
Panama Agencies, who represent the
line at the Canal, say that one of these
~fleet modern cargo carriers passes
through the Canal at least once each
week.


freighters being built in Japanr ;Ire the
mlotorships Seta Mlarur and Sumr~ida
Alarur. Both are to baserza deadw~reight
of 11,;(00: tons anid a1 speetd of 19 knolts.
B~jleE i~de pating in the NYK'si we~st-
bound service. thle newr shiips may also
be ultihzled mI the fjnir'4 Jalpanl-Pan-ama~-
New\ Y'oik ru~n which means tha~t they

penpos is on the we~Stbounlld vo'g
frmJapan \1a Singap-ore' and Sue~z
Nortoll Lill\ & Co. handle the line here.
Another Super-Ship
ANOTH-ER WHOPPING OTO (dflrier WA~.s
niorthbounid through the Panamalll Canal
in February!. She w\as the On~c~oo Free-
domr, sistershiip of the D~,namic, EpIC,
anrd Cosm~ic, making herl ma~ide-n transit
of the Panamal Canial alnd carry-!ing
37,875j tons of iron o-e fr~om Cun\acan
Chile. tol Baltimolre.
Completed ill Japan late last year, the
super-carritlr stopped aIt San Pedro
before m-aking for Chllel to load ore.
She is 745 feet in length-, has a beam- of
10)0.9 feet andt a dendweight tonnage
of 46,404 tons. Two more giant sister-
ships are still to come off the ways mn
Japan during the coming year.
A unique feature of the Oswego Free-
dioml w~as the two temporary stanchion
plaltformrs which were set up shortly
before her arrival here, especially! for
the trip through the Ciinal. The plat
forms, equipped writh telephon-e slys-
tems, are necessaly on ships of this typ.P
w\herei the bidge ij located astlern~
Local aIgents for the OwaLgo Frce~dorm
are Palnnlamaencies.


Nor ,uLL OF the people w~ho take crujes
come from around Ne\ York;. Mlo.E- and
more the cruise feverl has~ evenetakln
midwesterners anld a large gr~oupl of
them is due here next weezk a~boardl the
SS Ancon of the Pallnam Llne-. At lejst
30 persons from, three midwest States
will be in the party, on a tour which
wil also include Haiti, Costa Rica, Gua-
temala, and Mexico.
Midwesterners these days are spend-
ing more money for travel and the Isth-
mus of Panamna is a gen-uiner attlration
for people from the central States, ac-
cording to Lawrence W. Youngman'
President of Travel & Transport, Inc.,
in Omaha, Nebr.
He beher\es that the Panama Canal
is such a strong attraction because tle
current crop of tourists remembers hear-
ing and reading about it during its
formative stages and they want to see
it for themselves. ~
Travel & Transport, Inc., is the largest
independent travel agency between
Chicago and the West Coast and an-
nually handles travel arrangements for
more thanl 1,500 persons.
Automobile Ship
ALTHOUGH SHE is named after one of
the most romantic operas, the Oluf Wal-
lenius cargo ship. Madame Blrte'rt?U.
is a hard-workig. woman-of-the-world.
Specially constructed to transport au-
tomobile-s, the Germa~n-bmit. Swedish-
ow\ned \essei made her second trip
through the Canal the last pa~t of Feb-


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