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Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00205
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1960
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00205
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text


. 1 .n .

Chagres in flood



JZi~ ;

;ZC"~b I,

A YEAR AGO this month, the Canal Zone was hurting for water. Last
month the Canal Zone was hurting from water. A year ago, the hurt
came from lack of water; last month it was because of too much water
all at one time.
The day after 1959 began, the Panama Canal Company's Electrical
Division put its diesel electric plants into operation, the earliest date
in the Canal's history that this water conservation measure had to be
taken. When last year's New Year began, the level of Gatun Lake had
been dropping steadily for weeks and on January 1 stood at 82.20 feet,
a new low record for that date.
For 11 months or so, the water shortage remained acute. February
was the driest month of record. In August, the rainfall at Madden Dam
was the lowest since 1899. Limitations had to be put on the draft of
transiting ships.
The rainy season was well toward its end before rainfall began to
pick up. In mid-November, Madden Dam was spilling for the first time
in 11 months. Then, on December 6, a flood swept down the Chagres
River. Water poured over the top of Madden Dam.
A terrific cloudburst in the Agua Sucia-Gatun River-Monte Lirio
triangle dropped 7,005,000,000 gallons of water into Gatun Lake in
one hour.
On the morning of December 7, all 14 of the gates at .the Gatun
Spillway were opened for the first time in 15 years, discharging a max-
imum of 153,570 cubic feet of water a second into the Chagres River
below the spillway and creating the spectacular sight shown on the
cover and in the picture above.
Sodden with the heavy downpour, great masses of earth slid onto
the railroad right of way and across and from underneath the Boyd-
Roosevelt trans-Isthmian highway. For over 40 hours, the only tran-
sportation across the Isthmus was a ferry launch service from Gamboa
to Gatun.
As the month ended, things were getting back to normal. Weather-
men, highway engineers, and railroad gangs began to breathe a little
easier as they totted up the records on the "Great Flood of December

In This Issue


Canal History

Christmas on the Isthmus.

Civil Affairs Bureau .

Civil Defense

People .

Predictions for 1960 .

Promotions and Transfers

Radioisotope Clinic .


Safety .

Service Station Opens


Wonderworld of Art.

Worth Knowing.

Year of Construction.

W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant Governor



WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. Official Panama Canal Company Publication Edltonal Assistants
ma Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

JANUARY 1, 1960







, I E %L

Year of construction




To EACH man and woman engaged in every one of the
950 occupations which it takes to make up the outstand-
ing work force of the Panama Canal, to your families,
and to all of those who follow this really remarkable
enterprise through THE REVIEW, I extend sincere best
wishes as we enter the era of the sixties.
Here at the Canal Zone the complexion of foreign
activity has changed considerably in the last year. Clear-
ly, however, our main business is still the transiting of
ships. and it was a real credit to us when during our
recent international difficulties the ships in record num-
bers met their transit schedules. Day after day, no matter
what the climate, weatherwise or policywise, the Marine
Bureau and the organization which backs it up kept world
Commerce on the move.
The greatest change in our midst has been the return
of an t-mphasis on construction. Major, indeed world-
important, works are underway. What was a large job of
Cut w\idening-that now being done at Contractors Hill
by Merritt-Chapman & Scott-will become a relatively
small job when larger contracts for widening Empire
Reach and subsequently the remainder of the 300-foot
channel get into the hands of competent low-bidding
A bridge which is destined to play a role in hemis-
phere development now has its foundations under con-
struction and the contract for the superstructure is within
weeks of being awarded.
A major schools program which will produce new
schools at Diablo and Los Rios is underway as well as
the first increment (45 units) of a nine-million-dollar,
300-apartment program of new housing which when

finished will permit us to do away with the unsatisfactory
12-family type quarters, bringing further improvements
to our way of life on the Isthmus.
Truly, we are well along in a key program in con-
struction-one which with all of the minor capital and
maintenance jobs may tax the ability of the enterprise
to pay for all the works required to pass a growing ship-
ping volume that is no less than startling.
At this New Year all major elements of the 1955 Treaty
are in effect. Now in the Canal Zone equal work does
get equal pay under the terms of the Memorandum of
Understandings Reached. Basic rates for all employees
in identical positions are the same regardless of whether
an employee is a citizen of the United States or of the
Republic of Panama. The man who works alongside the
next man gets the same rate of pay, he works under the
same conditions, and both have the same opportunities
in training for better jobs. The only exceptions to this
principle are those provided for in the Treaty under the
security classification definition.
During the last year I have been impressed with the
growth of the assumption of responsibility by the Civic
Councils. Both on the side of the Administration and of
the community there is much to be learned, but constant
meetings have more clearly brought into a "way of life"
a joint responsibility for keeping our standards of living
high, our residents a real force, and a knowledge of Zone
problems more comprehensive.
Our financial purity has received the accolade of the
General Accounting Office for the second time in a row,
which means that we have reached a high state of effec-
tiveness so far as our financial stewardship is concerned.


In the financial ledger, the investment of the United
States Government in the Canal enterprise, including the
Panama Canal bridge, is now at the $400 million level,
an amount which represents the remaining net cost of
this international public utility to the people of the United
States. Our basic operating policy continues to be one of
providing the essential service for which we built the
waterway at the lowest possible self-sustaining cost to
users. As such, we do not regard the Canal as an "invest-
ment" or as an "instrument of foreign policy."
In the days ahead there is one area where we can do
a great deal for the economic well-being of the Republic
of Panama. We still buy two million pounds of rice a year
in the United States and thousands of pounds of vege-
tables from outside of Panama. There are too many things
that we still import. They could be produced in the area
and they require the kind of labor and land that is avail-
able. These range from citrus fruits and lumber to some
processed goods and include expanded beef, pork and
lamb production. I am disappointed that we have been
unable to excite enough interest in the production and
marketing of such items to cause agricultural and other
interests on the Isthmus to invest the money that would
result in great economic benefit to the Republic. I feel
that this worthy field, one which could open hundreds

of jobs, should receive the combined efforts of the Pan-
ama Canal Company and the Republic.
Changes which will affect the community's health in-
stitutions are well advanced, promising in the immediate
future a solution to our hospital problem and providing
improved medical care for our own personnel and for
the personnel of the armed forces stationed in the Zone.
In February when the Company Board of Directors
meet in the Zone the Long Range Studies will be present-
ed for approval and it is my hope that the 1959 Isthmian
Canal Plans can be forwarded to proper authorities be-
fore the end of the current fiscal year. These plans include
improvements to the present Panama Canal that will
involve further construction work over the period of the
next ten years.
Our organization's past record is ample evidence in
itself that we will continue in the future to be fully
prepared to meet the demands of world shipping.

Governor of the Canal Zone
President, Panama Canal Company.

Engineering and Construction Bureau

WITH THIS YEAR'S engineering program
the largest since the 1939 Third Locks
project, there is more diversified con-
struction activity under way in con-
nection with Canal modernization and
improvements than has been under-
taken in all the years since the Panama
Canal was opened in 1914.
As the year begins, the widening of
the Paraiso-Cucaracha Reaches ap-
proaches the halfway point. By the end
of August, this phase of the widening
will be nearly complete. The first of
April will see the beginning of the con-
tinued excavation along Empire Reach.
In the end, the Canal will have a min-

imum width of 500 feet between Pedro
Miguel Locks and the north end of
Culebra Reach, a distance of about
3V2 miles. The dredge Cascadas will
work three watches to remove the ex-
cavated earth.
The Balboa bridge, one the biggest
construction projects since the Canal
was built; will begin to take shape dur-
ing the year, with both substructure
and superstructure work under way.
Innovations possible through the use
of electronics will be completed during
the year. By October, the rainfall and
river stage telemetering network will be
in operation. The remote control and

relaying systems in the power system
will begin providing control of genera-
tion and transmission facilities from one
central location. A microwave commu-
nication system will replace the old
trans-isthmian cable, installed in 1914
between Gamboa and Gatun, to give
increased facilities and better telephone
communications across the Isthmus.
Designs for the marine traffic elec-
tronics control system will be ready
for the manufacturer. Night transit
through the Canal will be facilitated
by the lighting in the locks and Cut.
There will be a new 2,400 h.p. pump
at Los Rios to supply water to suburban
Panama, as well as a new 16-inch water
line from the vicinity of Gorgas Hos-
pital to Tivoli Crossing, also for furnish-
ing additional water to Panama. The
year will also see the conversion of all
water pump stations and the Mount
Hope Cold Storage plant to remote
Under construction during the year
will be the elementary schools at Los
Rios and Diablo Heights, which will
be ready to accept their first students
in September. The Diablo Heights
Junior High School will begin to take
shape. The new locks towing locomo-
tives and three tugs will be in the shops
of the manufacturer, and a new out-
patient wing will be under construction
at Coco Solo Hospital.

JANUARY 1, 1960

Personnel Bureau

DURING 1960 the Personnel Bureau
expects to complete the conversion of
all Compan) -Government positions to
the Canal Zone Merit System..This sys-
tem is roughly comparable to the Com-
petit ie Civil Service in the United
This \ear will see the Personnel Bu-
reau getting into full swing on a project
that was brought about by the legisla-
tion implementing our treaty commit-
ments with Panama. For the first time
in history, and in accordance with the
Canal Zone Merit System, the Panama
Canal Company-Canal Zone Govern-
ment will effect most of its employee
selection from registers established by
the Central Employment Office.
Examinations will be given for a
'\ide variety of jobs, from Laborer to
Electrician and from Typist to Medical
Officer. Some of these examinations will
be of the assembled type and some will
consist of a review of the applicants'
work records. Employees will be select-
ed either from among applicants who

1960 LOOKS AS IF it is going to be a busy
year for the Civil Affairs Bureau.
Enrollments are expected to increase
in both Latin American and United
States schools and, as a result, some
schools may have to arrange a double
shift because of a shortage of class-
rooms. Twenty-two new classrooms, 9
at the new Diablo Heights elementary
school and 13 at Los Rios, will be ready
by September, and work will be under-
way on the Diablo Heights junior high
school plant.
As the first step in a five-year pro-
gram to provide suitable classrooms for
audio-visual education, eight classrooms
in various schools will be air condition-
ed this year. Lighting will be modern-
ized at the Santa Cruz, Balboa Elemen-

THE OFFICE of the Comptroller expects
to make significant advances in 1960 in
the mechanization of accounting and
operating functions; in improved m2-
chanization techniques and procedures;
and in the fuller integration of IBM,
NCR, and Addressograph equipment
through combining the use of the spe-
cialized features of each type of equip-
ment in the processing of individual
machine jobs. Some of the projects
planned for 1960 are, for example:
a. Conversion from the present
paper salary check to an IBM card
check which will be written on an
NCR payroll writer but later proces-
sed through an IBM machine for

Examinations, like this one for a guard's position, are scheduled by Personnel.

already have Civil Service or Merit Sys-
tem status or from those who make the
highest grades on examinations given
by the Central Employment Office.
In addition, during 1960 there will
be an expansion of the training pro-
grams and services provided by the
Training Center of the Personnel Bu-
reau. Pre-supervisory selection and
development, and middle management

Civil Affairs

tary and Gamboa and Gatun elemen-
tary schools. The playground areas will
be enlarged at the Paraiso and Ancon
Continued emphasis will be placed
on scholarship. Additional special a-
chievement sections will be added and
requirements for graduation will be
raised to include four years of English.
All students who plan to go on to col-
lege will be encouraged to take four
years of English and three years each
of mathematics, science, social studies
and a foreign language. Additional
counsellors will be added to the U. S.
high school staffs.

rapid, accurate reconciliation of bank
b. Installation of a coupler on
NCR accounting machines to prod-
uce a punched tape and, in turn, a
punched card, thereby eliminating
key-punching of many cards.
c. Elimination of electric current
meter books through use of mark
sense cards for meter reading and
d. Complete mechanization of
merchandise accounting on IBM
An important project in 1960 in the
continuing long-range program of bring-
ing about operating economies and

programs (conducted on the Isthmus)
will be inaugurated and emphasized.
Studies are being conducted as to the
possibilities of expanding the apprentice
program and introducing a new training
program during 1960. The new program
would provide on-the-job training of
not less than two years for a large group
of U. S. and non-U. S. citizen employees
in manual and non-manual jobs.

The Margarita Branch Post Office
will be moved to the Margarita Service
Center Building and plans will be made
for the remodeling of the Rainbow City
public shelter for a branch post office,
If studies and tests of stamp vending-
machines, now using a new method of
printing and packing coil stamps, are
successful, vending machines may be
installed in the post offices and branch
post offices. The history of the Canal
Zone postal service and Canal Zone
postage stamps, compiled by Judge E.
I. P. Tatelman, will be printed in book
form for sale to the public.
The Fire Division will have a new
Howe 750-gallon-per-minute pumper
in service at the Margarita Fire Station.

Office of


improved accounting procedures is a
thorough study and review, in coopera-
tion with the Supply and Community
Service Bureau, of retail store and ware-
housing operations, designed to elim-
inate manual paper work, classify sales
at the store level, and institute improve-
ments in procurement, inventory con-
trol, and other areas.
Efforts will continue in 1960 to pro-
vide even more timely and informative
financial reporting to operating and
management personnel.


Supply and Community

Service Bureau

The new Rainbow City theater will look
like the architectural rendering abo'e.

Health Bureau

TirE ir.n which begins today \ \ill see
a I-uiJmbel If pr sn,-,.l C a-liing-es itn the
Health Bureau in top professional or
adniinistrati\e positions. The posiit(on
.of Chi. f of Medicine at Gorgas Hos-
pital, vacated by the departure of
Colonel T. R. Vivas, is to be filled bIy an
A\rmi officer of outstandingly qualifica-
tions within the next few rnonths. A

THE LATTER HALF of 1960 should see
the completion of the installation of
flu-.it-SteOt lighting at th- Lo.ick and in
(aillard Cut. Co-nipl.tion of think project
\\ il signal the bltgiriningI ut Continu u.iC .
2-l-hol.ir tr.insit operationss of tihe Canal.
Lockage cieOs %. ill be scheduled for
duty at all the Locks around the clock.
The tie-up ,'f vessels at the Locks and
in Cat.un Lake will be reduced to a
iniih.iin-I: aiid the o\i.-all time spent by
\L sls il Canal Z.one a \ ters \\ill als;.
he reduced.

EQI_'IPMENT .\Nn \CTI\ ITY \ ill inaik
the calendar ir 19r60 foi the Tians-
portation and Terrninials Bureaui.
To met-t tihi rc.uiiuemein ts iof haniidliiin
thli inLfi eas.d \olume ut containii ca. L ,o
and cargo on pallets. the Tierminials Di-
%ision %'ill pioutlire t\o 10-ton capacity
foil lift trucks hoi use in lianidling, hia% N
lifts ol tlvn docks and too additional
%sImll foi k lift trii.ks foii use in ships'
.\head foi tih Motor Tianspioitation
Di\ ision is the inspect tion. at the request
o. the A, inrcd Foicet-. of vehicles priva-
tel -o,. ned bh mlilitai\ aird civilian per-
soniilel on the Atlanitil side of the Isth-
mus, In the planning stag,_ i the clemiob-

PLANS FOR moit comfortable living for
emnploi-ees i iclialde bi(iczl-Z a\, and off-
the-giuind iiiasonir hoius:s in the ne\w
La Bioca hiouisincg development. \Vith
the closing (. the old Balbia Height,
gasoline statioii. neV, hoist.-s ill do)t
thi lands,:ape of that ai ita ith d,-'trable
inotier-ini-li\r and split-level tvp;- oIt
co-!strlictlion. It is C-\pe-ct:.d tli.t thle
liuability progim ani l cI Cilitinule to
irioderniz' e houses \witli si lle of the
latest ftatuirs.
Modernization at the Tivoli Cu(ilst
House will contintie with work on the
Pergola Bar anm di inil ri.mni. 'Upta.iir
additional rooms \\ill be i-h iisli-d.
refurnished, and air c~.oditititied. Thec
office of the Gc..cial IM.a.lnaer of tlhe

new Chief is to be selected for tlh- I)i-
vision of Preve!itive MNheciici-'e ad (,)t.ir-
antine; in the iitei im. Di. B. K. Le\ in is
acting Chief.
Two top admriniti iatol s ane due tfo
retirement this \i:ai. R. A. S\l\il...
Budget Officei t.'li the H.alth Dir.ct,:,r's
Office, will rftiru about Apii and C.
V. Russell, Admiii stl.toir at Coloz.il
Hospital, plans to ii tirc alb.ut iut le.

Marine Bureau

During the latI: s.tiiniiei If 19fi0 aind
after 46 years the Iidu.tri.l DuI i. on
will no longer I..L\ .1 N\.il I.- ffier as
Chief. The Dcp.-rtnifnt oif the Na..\
has advised the Faiamia Cani.l Cum--
pany that whe r Capt. Ciitff e\ Tliop-
son is relieved thl-re \ ill be- nc rrplate-
inriit for hini due t, a shlotaCie ,.t
l'l.il1iRF-d Enginl.,'riwg dut\ ot.ff,.' lrs.

Sipplif Di ision,. Building 2S, Balboa
Indiisti al Area. ill be air conditioned,
s .i: II ais the Coe) Solo Retail Store.
Ii Ra.1in ho Cit\. a nei- theater, seat-
inv., .3011i. t ill replai e the ild Caimp
Hieid Theater \liclh is as%%a\ from the
center of popiiulti'n aid uni(rconromitcal
to m.tiiitaLii
RBiliinI 4Ai oitn-irlI\ a stiorhouse, is
b-nng ma.ide available to the Roller Skat-
ing Cliub. Tie consolidation of store-
Ihouses will see a cnmo\ al of the cclntlllt
blocks froini tlie area along Diablo Road,
rI-li location iif the fence closer to Seition
I. :'iand fro.incz of thle vrolrinds around
Builcldijn, -16 ,hich \ ill ha\e a nie\t skat-
itig ltor a!ind lihting and toilet fatli-
ti. s

The rc-nr', nation. rnimdeling and mo-
d(rrlnizatio! pil-glanl it C;orgas. Coco
solo and Coi.n,.iil H,.lpitals. reported in
ilI.. Dectm-ihci issue of the RI:\iE\ \till
Lbe u-di -. i ca l driiig th.:- iear.
The- Bi.t H.tbies Sun s\ proIgram. nov.
b.iinci i.iundi-rtak.-ri b\ the- Diis ion of
\-rti-i. ai \ Mlcdicilin. %Ill cointuiiei. as
thel the banitjtion Di% isioni' special
project on CtOi l tl sirind flies

\t thil _lst-e of the lt-j 60 toiui st season
ti,- f,-ii, hea t Pointra- \ ill be retired from
sr-i\ i.e. E\essi. e mainntenatnc costs
pi>l.'cld: operation alkter that date Tlhe
latti-r pait of 19ltJ shiuild seei the dcli-
\% r\ and operations of three niie 2 400
ihoic po\I.r toucs. to bittc ser\ ice sIhip-
piirg in thiL. Canal and the terminiral ports.
Piepai.itio.s sill be full\ urinderuas
foi thie \eilihaul of mnter gates and
\al\tIs at Cat.u Lo ks whichh ill stait
(.u l\ 1 iiaiiill.ii 1961.

Transportation and Terminals Bureau

tioi, of t\ o haIdl-c-dlteiiorated Cristobal
garage buildings and their rcplacem:ni it
b) an all-steel buiillig now surplus to
the- Compay's needs.
lr, the Railroad Dri. i.in, imnpi,)- ill2
i.lioa.d operatiueis li.stift continuation
of a !ioudIst pil.rrairn to upgrade
tt.ack fiei'Zht, and. pais.s-iige e.ullipnuntt.
Unlidcr coi-isidtration foi Stin- time has
tbecn the piirtil." of some iil t' me-
chanlliLal rehig!ziator Lmis. a tl,-t.ilnpigiC
inaclilnr-, iand locolnoti, .- tc.ting eri-iip-
imenrt Pendirng c.-,niplttieii of certain
airangtmn- nts. it is ..\pe.tedl that the

terminal railroad freight and passen-ter
facilities now under plan.ininrg and con-
struction in the Canal Zone will replace
similar faciliti in the Republic of
Panama lduli irg the year.
Tlc- trauinrig program of the Bureau
di.u iig the year provides for the Super-
intendent of the Terminals Division to
attend an advanced materials handling
course at Lake Flaci.l. N. Y. In the
general field of training, emphasis will
be placed on training in safety and on-
the-job training for supervisory and op-
erating pt-so'inicl.

JANUARY 1, 1960

New radioisotope

clinic brings

Gorgas into the



GORGAS HOSPITAL will enter the Atomic
Age shortly\ after the first of the year
with the opening of the Radioisotope
Clinic in recognition of the rapidly
growing acceptance of the practical
values of radioactive isotopes, both in
diagnosis and as sources of therapeutic
The clinic will be in charge of Dr.
Myron J. Szczukowski, Chief of the Ra-
diology Service at Gorgas Hospital, who
holds a license from the Atomic Energy
Commission and who has been certi-
fied b\ the American Board of Radio-
logy for Nuclear Medicine. He will be
assisted by Dr. W. T. Bailey, Gorgas
Hospital staff physician, who took a
basic course in radioisotopes at the Oak
Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies last
The Radioisotope Clinic consists of
two rooms in which, to the layman, a
Celger-Muller counter is the only fam-
iliar piece of equipment. One room is a
high-le el activity room in which the
radioisotopes may be processed and
prepared for administration to patients.
The second room is for uptake measure-
ments and for radio assay in standard-
izing dosages and for analyzing speci-
The medical radioisotope unit is re-
markabl simplified, Dr. Szczukowski
pointed out. A well-type scintillation
detector is used in blood volume deter-
mination and in diagnosis of pernicious
anemia. The tubes to be processed are
placed in the detector, and the scaler,
which stands beside it, does the count-
ing \'with a fascinating flashing of lights
and numbers.
There are more than 950 artificially-
produced radioactive isotopes, but of
these only about a dozen are currently
employed in the diagnosis and treat-
ment of disease. And of these, the prin-
Scipal ones to be used at the Gorgas

Nurse Arlene Segrave acts as patient during an isotope tracer test
given by Dr. Szczukowski at the radioisotope clinic at Gorgas Hospital.

Radioisotope Clinic are iodine, phos-
phorus, and gold.
Radioactive iodine, Dr. Szczukowski
explained, is peculiarly adaptable for
use in the diagnosis and treatment of
thyroid disorders. The thyroid gland's
unique requirement of iodine leads the
gland to concentrate from the blood
stream the major portion of any orally-
administered iodine or its radioactive
isotopes. The rate of pick-up of a tracer
dose of radioactive iodine and its util-
ization in the manufacture of thyroid
hormone are sensitive indices of thyroid
activity. If larger amounts of radioactive
iodine are used, thyroid tissue and, in
some clinical situations, metastic de-
posits of thyroid cancer can be partially
destroyed as a result of the thyroid's
own selective uptake of the radioactive
The thyroid uptake test, one of the
most common diagnostic tests with io-
dine, is done in a variety of ways,
Dr. Szczukowski explained. A minute
amount of radioactive iodine is given
the patient orally in drinking water and
24 hours later the amount of activity in
the thyroid is externally measured by
a detector which is positioned near the
patient's thyroid gland. A scintillation
crystal optically coupled to a photo-
multiplier tube, when associated with
the electronic circuits, indicates and
records the number of gamma rays in-
cident on the crystal at a point near the

thyroid. A background count is taken
in the same position with the patient,
with a lead plug in front of the crystal
so as to estimate the amount of ex-
traneous radiation being counted. A
standard solution of the administered
radioactive iodine also is counted in the
same geometric situation with the same
detector, but without the patient pre-
The most widely used of the radio-
active isotopes is iodine 131. It is em-
ployed not only in minute doses as a
"tracer chemical" to test the activity of
the thyroid gland, but is also employed
in the treatment of patients with over-
active thyroid glands or hyperthyroid-
ism, called Grave's Disease.
Formerly, when this condition devel-
oped, it was necessary to remove a
large part of the thyroid gland by an
operation. Now the patient is given a
carefully determined amount of iodine
131 in a half glass of water-you could
call it an "atomic highball."
The radioactive iodine is absorbed
from the intestine and is carried by the
blood stream to the thyroid gland
where it is stored. The atoms or tiny
particles of iodine give off a continuous
stream of beta and gamma rays. These
rays slow down the over-active thyroid
cells and the gland returns to its normal
working condition.
Radioactive gold, another of the wide-
ly employed isotopes in medical use,


emits beta ra\s which penetrate only
s i\ short distances-fractions o.f all
inch at the most. A solution of radio-
.iti\v- gold nma\ be injected into su-ch
bodk ca\ ities as the chest and abdomen
\. here it ina\ slo\s do\i n the grro lth of
maligniatit tumors or nm:a., cen con-
tiol tlhrmr It can:t alse be-' us.c'd in tlhe
sam.- pl.ate. to keep laige queantiti:es rf
iildll tiol r, forming.
Hos- e -r. this kind of treatni-nt does
not ciie. It is a palliati\e inteasi.re-

Dr. Szczukowersi neasuics
the radioac.tivity of a
sample at the radio-
isotope clinic whichh
will open this month
at Gorgas Hospital.

that is. it rnaktS the pati..eet mne0lee cttom-
fortable foe a long-r tinle..
A.n ihterestiift charact.lis.tic of all
thei atomic medieiities iS that tile\ ale
eadioacti,. for tiaer i re, p:iiodlIs. Some
last I'f just a fe\\ houis. ot.heies arl- ,a-
dioactiLe for several months. Fu iln-
stjnce-. it \was poiintd (ult that cobalt
(60 lo.iss one h.illt t its stilinth in fir.
ialis. ccsii.in 137 in 33 \ dine 1 31 in .i,2ht lda\ s.
Radio.isotipe, s. In\\O acctptied tt olk uO

l (lc I ICal resct-.irci .1h iI n d.'lii.l practice,
first becamie- a aaiablie inl significant
.irnounts o)Il\ a decade a..e o a.nd ale the
product of paiti.le aiCeLcleratuis and
nt IUItear reaci trs. the k to Lhe Atomic
.\C,. In thL Ulnitrd "'t.it-s there now
.al app[)loxi\iiti, te- 2 i0llI medicIal in-
.'tit iLit i. l iii. i tai l:,:,I ],'i't,:,p..< foi m ed-
ic.al pillpose,.
I- ,mid conito.l. mn -thods 1 ir )nitoring,
.i!d] pl)'tel.t- e eonn tl s l.I.e reduced
dlanlei. det cle ite i cici.asi.l u.i e f radio-
acti. it TI.- piobllem -n c'ni.o tril it sim-
plifi,.d bc..aise of the. in.triuln-it avaiil-
ablel for imnmecdate dLt tc-trin Of Iidio-
,i. ti\it) ie areas \ lier,- i t is not ,.alnt d.
The Atomnic EneI- ,r Comnimission is
the maini supplier (if iadiiisotopes for
(linical piinpeses. R.di.'acti.i. materials
may be used only) in accoi-dance jith a
license is.sud b\ the (.-lmmis'si-in, st-ch
:Is ( ,rians Hospital holds. All reasonable
..ah-t\ prec.Lurti'Ins lha. r- b e-n inst.alled;
',nl\ a tr.iene.il tci-liiic ian m ill work in
th- Clinii, and thLe mur se1s and ph\'-
ilciaIes \ Ill l i:- in:i a clear coericept of
theI clhalaCt ustLi.s ,1f ratdiole to(pcs and
th.i ii s ll d.agl d .iaosis and therapy'.
'." ie at ,isk is in\ iied in this type
ifs iag ii nd i.1 ti latreniit. Dr. Szczu-
.uose.ski .aid. E\>-ept in spl-eiatllh indicat-
(d- (.t':s. -\(xclld.. d ifom htreat en nt in
this i llnC- \\ill bi- thildrt.i pretgnant
'.lom -.i, .l,] ni.lsinl m others.

SERVICE STATION OPENS with a real flourish

Old-fashioned service with a smile marked the grand opening of
the La Boca Service Station December 12. A surprised firlt cus-
tomer, B. L. Jorstad. is getting his car windows s cleaned by L. A.
Ferguson, Supply and Community Ser ice Director. and T. G.
Relihan. acting General Manager of the Supply Di\viion. Mr. Jor-
stad, of the Contract and Inspection Di ision, was an inspector
during the construction of the new Ser ice Station at La Boca.

As the first customer, Mr. Jorstad received nothing but the best.
The man who asked "Fill 'er up?" was Lieutenant Governor John D.
McElheny. While he manned the pumps, pretty girls passed out
key cases and lucky customers throughout the day were given free
lubrication tickets and free wash jobs. The new station features the
most modern equipment available for servicing private automobiles.


Civil Affairs Director Henry L. Donovan is surrounded here by representatives of each of the different activities
in his Bureau. From left: Fireman Clarence Pinnock; Philip L. Dade, of Civil Defense; Postal Clerk D. R. Jones;
Katherine E. Melanson of the License Section; Mary B. Journeay of the Schools; A. E. Greene, from Customs; and
Police Officer William P. Angeline.

THE CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU comes as near to being a city man-
ager's office, or a Canal Zone manager's office, as anything here-
abouts. One of the two units of the Canal Zone Government-the
other is the Health Bureau-it is responsible for public education,
police and fire protection, and postal, customs, and immigration
services. It operates a license section, and a civil defense unit,
provides library service for the civilian communities in the Canal
Zone and performs many other governmental functions.
Like the Health Bureau, it is operated by Congressional ap.-
propriations which are repaid to the United States Treasury by
the Panama Canal Company. During fiscal year 1959 its budget
was between $8 and $9 million.
=Some of its people, the jobs they do, and how they do them
are reported in stories and pictures in this eight-page section.
This is the first of a REVIEW series on Company-Government
f Bureaus and their operations.

Mr. Donovan in his office
In the picture below are members of Mr. Donovan's immediate staff. From left: E. L. Farlow, Administrative
Assistant; Mrs. Margaret Zeimetz, secretary; Mr. Donovan; Mrs. Virginia Roberts, his secretary; and James Mar-
shall, Assistant to the Director.


"~ .-

Public Administrator

'he job of Public Administrator involves plenty of
iaper work in handling estates and guardianships.

NoT LONC-, AGO a ictired Panama Canal
emplouec died. lea ing a sizable estate
but no s ill and ro known heirs. The
matter was placed in the hands of the
Canal Zone Public Administrator "\ho
aftel a fine piece of detective \\ork,
plus the assistance of the Federal Bu-
reau of Iniestigation. discovered not
one but ten possible heis.
This \as only one of the many prob-
lems which are solved as a matter of
course by James Marshall, Assistant to
the Ci' il Affairs Director, \" ho has been
either DeputN Public Administrator or
Public Administrator since 1934, in ad-
dition to all of his other duties.
As Public Administrator, he not only
takes charge of the estates of persons
dying in the Canal Zone or those swho
leave estates in the Canal Zone, but acts
as guardian to estates of persons em-
ployed b\ the Canal organization or
members of their families who have
been adjudged insane or incompetent.

He also prepares. licenses for any cor-
poration. such as insurance companies,
steamship lines and agencies, and con-
thactors \who ha'e permission to do
business in the Canal Zone.
In addition to those few healthyy per-
sons w ho fail to make w ills and ho also
apparently have no heirs. Mr. Marshall
has also come across cases \here the
deceased has left a long, detailed will,
scores of anxious relatives and no money
to speak of.
while e estates handled in the Canal
Zone b\ the Public Administiator lhae
been valued as high as $65,000, there
ha'e been many others which were
closed out at as little as 25 cents
Mr Marshall, at the present time, is
one of the few people wiho are required
by law to liie in the Canal Zone. He
must abide by the Canal Zone Code
ruling whichh states that an\ administra-
tor of estates must be a bona fide res-
ident of the Canal Zone.

Civil Defense

units of the Civil Affairs Bureau is the
Civil Defense Office, losee job it is to
plan that the Canal Zone be ready\ to
cope with any disaster, man-made or
other\ ise, which might strike this little
part of the world.
With a paid staff of only two. Chief
Philip L. Dade who has headed the
unit since 1956, and his girl Friday,
Mrs. Dorothy Cotton, the unit la\s mun-
disputed claim to the position of tiniest
of the nine parts of the Bureau. And
its age, a mere nine years in its present
form, makes it a youngster compared
to such veterans as the 55-\ear-old Pos-
tal or Police Divisions.
Despite the smallness of its official
staff, however, Canal Zone Ci iil De-
fense can produce more reserve po\er
than practically any section of the
Company-Government organization. Its
plans have been made to utilize every
bit of available, trained manpower and
woman power in the Canal Zone. both
in the Company-Government and vol-
unteeis in the several to\wnisites.
\'ith the planning and organization
phases of Civil Defense well in hand,
the unit is now concentrating on its
facilities, equipment, and gaining. A
C il Defense headquarters was recent-
ly placed in operation in the well-shield-
ed basement of the Administration
Budding at Balboa Heights and an alter-
nate control center, in the Cristobal Ad-
ministration Building, is almost ready.

Four surplus fire trucks have been
cone\rtcd into decontamination equip-
ment. Manned by employees of the
Motor Tiansportation Division, the per-
sonnel for the trucks are now being
trained b\ the Fire Division. under
Ci\ il Defense auspices. Work on the in-
stallation of an emergency power gene-
iatoi at Corgas Hospital is well under
\ as.
A squad of radiological defense
workers have been trained and will

Volunteers like these
man the ci'il defense
equipment during times
of emergency. Pictured
are Ralph Haney, Mrs.
Ka) Howe, and Kenneth

receive further training in this work.
Special RADEF equipment is on order.
One of the most important functions
of Civil Defense is its ability to pro-
Side emergency communications Power
Voice equipment has been distributed
during the past year to the Police and
Fire Di ision. Console radio transmit-
ters and receivers ha\e been installed
in the t'wo Control Centers \ith mobile
communications sets and handle talkies
to three other control points.

Postal Division
THE POSTAL DIVISION has come a long
way in the last 55 years. When postal
service was inaugurated in the Canal
Zone in 1904, stamp sales in one month

totalled only $665.54.
Today, the Canal Zone's 16 postal
units sell an average of $80,834 worth
of stamps each month and provide all
of the postal services any receiver or
sender of mail could desire.
Collectors who treasure Canal Zone
stamps have a well-established philatel-
ic agency to deal with. This month the
agency, which has its headquarters in
the Balboa Post Office, will start receiv-
ing orders for the latest Canal Zone
postal issue, a 4-cent "ordinary postage
stamp" which will commemorate the
50th anniversary of the founding of the
Boy Scout movement.
The stamp will be especially note-
worthy because it will be the first to be
released by the Canal Zone postal serv-
ice in more than one color. The new
stamp, shown in the accompanying
photograph, will be bronze, blue and
red. It will go on sale at the Balboa
Post Office February 8.
The Canal Zone postal system is not
part of that of the United States. It is,
local postal officials believe, the only
completely independent postal system
under the United States flag.
It does, however, act as postal agent
on the Isthmus for the United States
Post Office Department and it also par-
ticipates with the 100 or more members
of the Universal Postal Union in the

exchange of mails between countries.
Sometimes it does special jobs for its
United States counterpart. Recently, for
instance, the Postal Division conducted
a test for the United States Post Office
Department of paper and nylon sacks
for international air mail. The new sacks
turned out to be so satisfactory that
they are to be adopted for regular use.
\\ lile the seasonal load is always un-
usually heavy, the daily postal load is
enough to keep the 107 men of the
Postal Di\ ision well occupied. In Oct-
ober, the Division made its once-every-
three-years statistical count of outgoing
and incoming mail. For the statistically-
minded, this showed:
In that month alone, the Canal Zone
Posts handled 241,671 outgoing pieces
of air mail, 67,874 outgoing pieces of
first class "surface" matter, and 30,887
pieces, also outgoing, and also carried
by ship, of second, third and fourth class
matter. Incoming mail, for the same
period, totalled: 237,180 pieces of air
mail; 166,267 pieces of first class sur-
face matter, and 143,146 pieces of sec-
ond, third and fourth class surface
mail. The ordinary mail included local
In addition to this, all of which car-
ried postage, there was the following
"official" or franked mail: 31,740 pieces
incoming and 87,360 outgoing.

Customs Division
CANAL ZONE CUSTOMS Inspectors feel
that they have one of the most interest-
ing jobs in the Canal organization-but
probably one of the most demanding.
Like newspapermen, they meet the
most fascinating people and like mem-
bers of the press, they may find them-
selves, at times, on 24-hour call. Be-
cause of the unorthodox hours of arrival'
for most planes and some ships, there
are Customs men on duty all hours of
the day and night.
The men who are employed as Cus-
toms inspectors also enforce immigra-
tion regulations and act as Deputy Ship-
ping Commissioners in the Canal Zone,
which means that they have about the
same authority with respect to United
States merchant seamen as Shipping
Commissioners in United States ports
and United States Consuls in foreign
As Immigration Officers, they are
charged, among other things, with the
operation of the Immigration Station at
Corozal which, they stress, is not a
Quarantiiie Station. The men and wom-
en who stay there are generally free to
come and go as they please so long as
they check in once each day.


During the past fiscal year, the Im-
migration Station took care of more
than 1,000 cases-most of them seamen
and ships officers who were being trans-
ferred to other ships or seamen who
had been in the hospital or otherwise
detained and were waiting for another
Merchant seamen discharged here or
sent here to wait for new assignments
find a friend in J. B. Clemmons, Jr.,
Chief of the Customs Division, who is
also Shipping Commissioner. He and
his deputies sign the seamen on and off
ships, see that they get their wages, and
take care of their money and personal
effects while they are staying at the
Immigration Station. During the past
fiscal year there were 664 seamen dis-
charged and 610 signed on American
vessels at Canal ports.
Since Cristobal is the principal port
of entry for passengers arriving here by
ship, Customs and Immigration men
on the Atlantic side spend many busy
hours on the Cristobal piers.
When on duty, Customs men say they
develop a sixth sense which at times
permits them to pick out from a crowd
those persons who are trying to get
something through inspection.
Salvador Reinaldo, Cristobal customs

14 elementary schools
5 junior high schools
4 high schools
1 Junior College

Two police districts
Canal Zone Penitentiary
Canal Zone Prison
Force of 231

Central Library
3 branches
4 circulating libraries


Two main branches
Immigration station
IForce of 61

Staff of two
Innumerable reserves

2 post offices
13 branch post offices
1 mail delivery unit
1 mail handling unit
Force of 107

Staff of 2

Two main districts
12 stations
14 fire companies
Force of 15S

Fire Division

A FmE Is not always a fire in the Canal
Zone these days.
When one of the Canal Zone's sleek
red fire rigs goes through the streets of
the Canal Zone, it may not be on its
way to a fire-it may be out on a practice
Because of modern fire fighting tech-
niques, most of a fireman's day is spent
in fire prevention work and study. The
old motto, an ounce of prevention is
worth a pound of cure, might have been
written for them. Prevention comes in
form of constant checks, inspections,
and programs to train the public in
safety practices and recognition of fire
Special emphasis is placed by the
Fire Division at all times on safety in
the schools. This takes the form of fire
drills, check on fire fighting equipment
and a regular search for possible fire
hazards. A school closet has been known
to contain a collection of items danger-
ous enough to make a fireman's hair
Another routine but little known duty
assumed by the Fire Division, is stand-
by duty at hazardous locations such as
at the side of ships with dangerous
cargo or near construction work which
might be considered dangerous. Not
long ago, firemen were placed on 24-
hour guard duty near a damaged ship
which was undergoing repairs in Cris-
When the firemen are not out on fire
drills, inspection trips, or actually fight-
ing fires, they are in the fire station at-
tending fire prevention classes. This is
part of a general program called pre-

j;~-~"C";.':** ^ --- -

Sergeant M 7
H. D. Hale I
and firefighters
M. A. Worrell and
V. A. Henry make
a pre-fire plan
and inspection
of the Balboa
High School.

fire planning which requires each
member of the fire department to be
familiar with the location of fire hy-
drants, the interior plan of public build-
ings in his district, the location of streets
and the possible fire hazards in each
In most stories about firemen, a good
many calls are received to rescue chil-
dren from roofs or cats from trees. Local
fire fighters find this holds true in the
Canal Zone too.
Their goods deeds have ranged from
rescuing a passel of daring children
from the Balboa mud flats to pulling
pet parrots out of trees. Children falling
into ravines and pet dogs stuck in drain
pipes also are part of the job.
These rescue missions are not always
amusing and in many cases firemen have
saved lives by the opportune and expert

Policeman P. V.
O'Donnell giving
instructions to
probationary pol-
iceman R. G. Cobb
in the use of the

use of the resuscitator which is stand-
ard equipment in every fire station.
To keep abreast with the modern
methods of firefighting, Canal Zone fire-
men often take refresher courses in the
United States, at such widely separated
places as New York, Los Angeles, and
Philadelphia, and some have trained
with chemical companies.
Since 1956 the fire fighting facilities
in the Canal Zone have been consoli-
dated with the Military Services under
the Canal Zone Government. At present
there are seven stations in the Balboa
Fire District, five in Cristobal and five
volunteer companies which assist the
regular fire force in their townsite or
installation when called upon.

Police Division

IN BALBOA there is a little girl who
probably owes her life to the fact that
a Balboa policeman learned how to use
one of the new mouth-to-mask resusci-
tators which are now standard equip-
ment in every patrol car.
The incident occurred one night in
November shortly after the new equip-
ment was received on the Isthmus by
the Canal Zone Police. Policeman Ber-
nard Kelleber rushed to the child's
home in response to an emergency call,
found the little girl choking and
immediately commenced resuscitation.
Within a minute, the child's throat had
been cleared and her breathing had
improved. The Fire Division also an-
swered the call and continued resusci-
tation with their equipment but there
was little doubt that the prompt use of
the mouth-to-mask resuscitator prob-
ably contributed to saving her life.

JANUARY 1, 1960


The Canal Zone Police on both sides
of the Isthmus are quite accustomed to
receiving frantic telephone calls and
m.InrIeenc orders. Their most common
emergency through the years has been
caused b\ the early arrival of the stork
and nian\ members of the Zone's Finest
;ue godfatheis to a number of healthy
bo\s and girls.
Other .alls for help which are routine
tor the Canal Zone Police range from
blood donations to checking on electric
irons and radios left on by residents
%who ham e gone to the States, or round-
ing up the Housing people for Zonians
% ho ha\ loc ked themselves out at
night. They have also supplied gasoline
and tires to hapless motorists and found
ca\ ucos for Boy Scouts wanting to race
through the Canal.
Promotion of good will is a policy
o-f the Canal Zone police, not only at
Christmas, but all during the year. As
part of this program, the popular
Spanish language training program was
started last \ear by Major B. A. Darden,
Chief of the Canal Zone Police, and
at present at least 25 members of the
force are proficient enough in the lan-
guage to %\ear the coveted tab bearing
the word "Espaiol" on their uniform
To earn this badge, members of the
Di' vision must prove through tests that
the\ can speak adequate Spanish in an
understandable manner. Major Darden
himself passed the test with flying
colors at the beginning of the program.
During the past few years, the
members of the Police Division have
as a part of their duties conducted bi-
c\cle safety classes for hundreds of Caa.
nal Zone school children on both sides
of the Isthmus. They regularly handle
investigations for the United States Dis-
trILt Attorney in the Canal Zone, hunt
for missing persons and make regular
patrols of all Canal Zone communities.
During the last fiscal year these patrols
amounted to 676,333 miles for the ra-
dio patrol caus and 132,182 for the
ni ii on motorcycles.
Although there is a regular program
of in-ser ice training, members of the
Canal Zone Police Force go away to
school too. During recent years Major
Darden has attended homicide inves-
tigation classes at the Harvard Medical
School; Capt. Gaddis Wall, Commander
of the Balboa District took a 12-week
course in Police Science Administration
at the Southern Police Institute of the
University of Louisville; Sgt. A. B.
Cooper, of Cristobal, and Sgt. Robert
Engelke, of Balboa, have gone to North-
western LUnis ersity and Sgt. C. S. Smith,
of Cristobal. has taken classes in the
F.B.I. School in Washington, D. C.

Mrs. Alice Turner, children's librarian at
the Main Library, is shown with fifth grade
pupils from the Diablo School. School
children are among the Library's most fre-
Library quent customers and visitors.

IF A YOUNG STUDENT from one of the
Canal Zone elementary schools wants
to do some research-say on the Austra-
lian honeybear-he probably will head
right for the Canal Zone Library, look
up his subject in the files, and get his
book out of the proper section with
little or no trouble.
He knows his way around because,
during the school year, he and several
hundred school children enrolled in
grades three to six have been taken on
tours of the Library, instructed in the
use of its filing system, shown how to
care for the books they take home to
read, and in addition, visited the various
exhibits which make up the Library
The children, in groups of 25 to 30,
are accompanied by a teacher and at
the Library are taken in hand by a
member of the Library staff-usually
Mrs. Alice Turner, librarian in charge
of children's books.
The Canal Zone Library, one of the
largest English-language public libra-
-ries south of the Rio Grande, is especial-
ly proud these days of the increased
interest of the elementary school child-
ren in learning to use its facilities and
incidently to reading books pertaining
to their studies.
The Canal Zone Main Library and
all of its seven branches located in
various Canal Zone communities, have

never suffered from a dearth of custom-
ers, but library people feel that its exten-
sive facilities will be used to better ad-
vantage if the children are taught the
elements of research while they are in
the early grades and have only recently
discovered the joys of reading and learn-
There is plenty to keep the average
person busy in the Canal Zone Library
for quite a while. The shelves are stock-
ed with approximately 105,000 volumes
which are replaced and brought up to
date by the addition of 5,000 new books
each year.
The Panama collection, in addition
to a large number of artifacts, maps,
pictures and historical relics, includes
a wide selection of books on the history
of Panama and Colombia. It is well
known all over the world and Canal
Zone Librarians are constantly answer-
ing questions or searching for little
known historical facts from this collec-
The Lib ary Museum, with a wealth
of exhibits pertaining to the early days
of the Panama Canal and to the Isth-
mus of Panama, is constantly receiving
donations from residents of the Isthmus
as well as from former residents or
friends from all over the world. Recent-
ly these exhibits were increased by the
addition of a collection of Society of
Chagres mugs donated by former con-
struction day employees now living in
the United States.


License Section

CANAL ZONE residents who have just
completed the annual task of renewing
the license tag for the family car may
think that this is the major function
performed by the Canal Zone License
This job. however, is only one of the
many which have come to be vested in
the License Section over the years that
the Canal has been in existence.
In addition to vehicular licenses, the
unit administers and collects fees on
land and 15 miscellaneous licenses and
permits which include every kind of
license needed in the Canal Zone except
corporation, marriage, and boat and
boat operators licenses.
Of all the Civil Affairs Bureau's func-
tions, land licensing is the oldest, it
ha\ ing been in existence since the first
days of the Panama Railroad Company,
antedating the Canal itself by some 50

years. These duties, formerly handled
by a Land Agent and later a Real Estate
Unit, \were transferred to the Civil
Affairs Bureau in 1956 and were con-
solidated with the License Section in
The Canal Zone Covernment has
custody\ of all lands in the Canal Zone
outside of military\ reservations and the
735 land licenses present\ in force are
scattered through the Canal Zone. In-
cidentally the only parcel of privately
owned land in the Canal Zone is the
site occupied by the Masonic Temple
in Cristobal. This \as acquired by a
special act of Congress.
Among other licenses handled by the
section are drivers' licenses, hunting and
fishing permits, permits to carry fire-
arms, peddler's and vendor's licenses,
and dog tags and rabies vaccination

L% ing on an abstract of a Canal Zone
area are two historical items. One is
a set of health regulations printed in
Chinese and behind that is an early
townsite drawing.

WHO ARE the people on pages 12 and
13 and what are they doing? Listed
below are the captions for the pictures
on those two pages:
Top row, left to right: Advanced
science students of Balboa High School
Betty Stiles, Marvel Davison, Barbara
Bartlett, and Kay Flowers, with their
optics experiment.
Mrs. Ruth Miller, circulation assistant
at the Canal Zone Library's main
branch, prepares a new book card.
J. W. Hare. Chief of the License Sec-
tion, with maps showing the locations
of land leases in the Canal Zone.
Sergeant E. J. Husum, Jr. reads the
"orders of the day" to Policemen E. L.
Janssen, Samuel Roe, Jr., P. V. O'Don-
nell, J. H. Pennington, NM. H. Carpenter,
H. W. Dempsey. E. L. Collins, R. J.
Tomford, and H. H. Summerford before
they go on duty. Behind them are
Sergeant R. W. Lawyer, Desk Sergeant,
and Policeman S. M. Watts, Dispatcher.
Middle row, left to right: William
Warner Ho le, Senior Inspector of the
Customs Division, and Herbert L. Clark,
clerk of the Immigration Section, check
the daily records of the section.
Mrs. Margaret Zeimetz presents a set
of records to James Marshall, Public
Mrs. Dorothy Cotton and Philip
Dade of the Civil Defense Unit check
maps of the Canal Zone.
Bottom row, left to right: The Bal-
boa Post Office looked like this during
the Christmas mail rush.
Balboa firemen practice to improve
their speed during a fire drill.

LAST YEAR more than 11,000 bo\s and
girls sent to school in the Canal Zone.
They included children attending kin-
dergarten and elementary\ grades as
-well as those in Junior High School,
Senior High School, Junior College and
special education classes in both U. S.
and Latin American communities.
This huge enrollment was handled
in 12 kindergartens, 15 elementary
schools, five junior high schools, four
high schools and the Canal Zone Junior
College by more than 400 teachers and
principals. Of the total number of stu-
dents, more than 400 were tuition stu-
dents from Panama.
The special education program, start-
ed in 1957, was expanded last .ear to
four classrooms at Balboa Elementary
School and two new classrooms at the
Santa Cruz School. Special equipment
such as audiometers, stationary exer-

cisers, braille equipment, was received
and put into use.
An expansion of the actual school
plants was started \ ith the construction
of a ROTC and Acti\ities Buildings in
Balboa, the conversion of the $2.400,000
Cristobal Junior and Senior High School
at Coco Solo. Other major improve-
ments under way are the conversion of
the Diablo Heights Elementary school
for junior high school use and the con-
struction of elementary schools at Dia-
blo Heights and Los Rios.
As is being done in many high schools
in the United States, advanced achieve-
ment sections for carefully selected stu-
dents were started in Balboa High
School last year. These classes \were
organized in English. chemistry, ph s-
ics, history and mathematics. Similar
sections swill be set up in junior high
school and elementary glades where
enrollments permit.

The new elementary school at Los Rios is one of three school buildings under construction.

JANUARY 1, 1960



In a Margarita house

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Just before his recent
death, A. C. Sandusky, Coco Solo Hos-
pital pharmacist, invited THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW to inspect his Chinese
art collection, some of which he was willing
to the Library-Museum. The story below
is the result of the visit.)
Sa.indsk\'s apartment in Margarita
bears no resemblance to a magic carpet.
Yet, though it, a visitor is whisked into
a Lorld that is thousands of miles dis-
tant from the Canal Zone and centuries
back in time to an era when dragons
instead of jets were subjects of exciting
.on11 i iati in.
DI. ing th,. day Mr. Sandusky, known
tn hls friends as "Sandy," worked as a
pharmacist at Coco Solo Hospital, with
%ari-coloied liquids and pills all about
him. \When he returned to his apart-
ment, he was surrounded by age-old
treasures that would be at home in the
court of an Emperor of China.
When Sandy first began collecting,
he \%as interested in Japanese art. But
as he ead and studied the Oriental art
lo, m. he began concentrating on the
ait .of China exclusively. Each article in
his apartment is carefully labeled, and
the hand and eye of an artist are evident
in the manner in which each treasure is
In the tli ing room the focal point of
a visitor'ss gaze is a marble-paneled
s:rc-cri. the most valuable item in Mr.
San.du.ky's collection. The front and

In the Margarita apartment
of the late pharmacist,
Mrs. William Grady
admires some priceless
Chinese art.
The vase on the stand is
one of two left to the
Canal Zone Library-Museum

back of each enameled marble panel
in the screen depicts a different scene.
It bears the mark "Made at the Ancient
Moon Terrace" and is of the Chien
L'ung period, 1735 to 1795. Mr. Sand-
usky purchased the screen in 1956 from
Nationalist China's Ambassador to Pan-
ama, Yangtse Yu, in whose family the
screen had been handed down as an
The principal furniture in the living
room is a massive, heavily carved set
consisting of a settee and four chairs
that date from the Ming period, 1368
to 1644. These also had formerly been
in the collection of the Ambassador of
Nationalist China to Panama. The wood
is hard, heavy, and close-grained. The
carving on the settee, according to the
tag affixed to it by Mr. Sandusky, re-

This massive carved Ming period furniture
"as also a gift to the Library-Museum.

presents the legend that the carp turns
into a dragon if he succeeds in making
the ascent of the Yellow River in the
Third Moon of the year and passes the
falls at the Lung Men (Dragon Gate).
Carved wood, glass-fronted cases
holding other treasures stand around
the room.
An incense burner of the Ming
dynasty (1368-1644) glazed in crackled
white, with the interior unglazed, stands
on three short legs in one of the cases.
A delicate porcelain libation cup
stands on a carved leaf-shaped wooden
stand. This, too, dates back to the Ming
dynasty. A porcelain vase, white with
underglaze blue, bears Persian inscrip-
tions in its medallions, and on its base
the six-character Chen Te mark, en-
closed in a double circle, places it in
the 1506-1521 era.
One of Mr. Sandusky's prized pieces,
unduplicated in any museum in the
States as far as he was able to ascertain,
is a white porcelain bowl with dragons
incised. The bowl is thin, with a glaze
of bluish cast. It, too, is of the Ming
Among the larger pieces is a pair of
24-inch high porcelain vases bearing
the Chien L'ung mark, of the period
1735 to 1795; they have brocade designs
on the neck and above the base. The
handles on the neck are a lovely under-
glaze blue.
A good part of his collection, made
up of figurines and fans, Mr. Sandusky
sent to his home in Georgia.
The set of carved furniture, the
settee and four chairs, he has designated
as gifts to the Canal Zone Library-
Museum, which also is to receive the
two-foot high vases.


Robert E. L. Brown
Supervisory Construction
Management Engineer
I. F. Mellhenny
Sui-per. ior. Electrical
Henry R. George
Helper Electrician
Vernon L. Dahlhoff
General Foreman Electrician
Wilford T. Malcolm
Isaiah A. Gordon
Launch Operator
Anel I. Ruiz

Omer N. Laval
Heper oat Bu'
ll- riqlt
Re a A. Car
Willia vis
Help ck rator
Alexis en id
A e er oat i
hi right

Norman A. Blades
Leader Gardener

Felix Gonzalez
Materials Handling Equip-
ment Repairman
Harold Palmer
Clerk Checker
Felipe Lee
Water Service Clerk
Enos Williams

Lealand A. Larrison
Finance Branch Super-
George P. Bonneau, Jr.
General Inspector
Woodrow G. Torbert
Supervisory Accountant
Thelma C. Herrington
Supervisory Machine Ac-
countant's Assistant
William B. Lloyd
Budget Analyst
Charles H. Bath, Jr.
Lead Foreman
Nicolas Rodriguez
Leonard A. Jackson
Rock Crushing Plant Operat
Ivan J. Stephens
Cleveland A. Jordon
Helper Cable Splicer
Cecil A. Vernon -
High Lift Truck Operator
Gladstone C. Bellamy
Gerald Wilson
Louis G. Small
Joseph Gerald
Richard T. Burns
Machine Operator
Camilo Martinez
General Helper
Files H. Ward

Mirt Bender
Dipper Dredge Ma
Leopoldo R. Arrocha
Helper Electrician
Donald G. Brewster
Launch Seaman
John F. Voss
Louis A. Sprauve
Gregorio Segura
Rupert S. Bro n
Maintenan F
Arthur N. Rice
Helper Electrician
William A. Gribbons
Clarence H. Fo0 ca
Irvin D. Arrstron
Lloyd W.
Engineering Survey
or F. Villalobo
-Kitchen Attendant
Charles Heath
Nursing Assistant
Fitz G. Perrott
Frederick L. Foster
Clifford O. Samuels
Leader Seaman
Edwin S. Applewhite
Cement Finisher
Alfred Palmer
Randolph L. Green
Helper Rigger
Pedro Canate
Leon R. Thompson

Eduardo Munoz, .
ite Painter
Fillmore Archibaldo
Jose F. Robinson
Victor Archibald
Electrician Clerk
Stanley W. Gunn
Juan Melgarejo. Jr.
ao Qre A. Io thd
A. n o
.I mael Achil
e.rald Bent
mornn L. Clol

Aid Rathburn A. Springer
Iris C. Linch
Sales hiecker
Eladio Montero
Dorril D. Dorman
David 'H. Gayle
S Edmond P. Reed
Clarence G. King
Trick Driver
Cuthbert L. Padmore
S L. ihborer
Andres Colpa
E:adne- O. Green
Laundry Checker
Gilbert Thompson
Helper Rigger

Stevenson G. Sealey
Storekeeping Clerk
Conrad E. Frederick
B. Victor Guinsan
Louise L. Knight
Wolsey S. Dickens
Leader. Laundry
Ethelbert Howell
Eric E. Glasgow
Jose B. Goti
Truck Driver
James O. Grimes
Truck Driver
Edwin Cobham
Leonard Hawkes
Automotive Equipment
C. E. Haywood
Storekeeping Clerk
Albert D. Lord
Truck Driver
William B. Huff
Supervisory Cargo Assistant
Avon R. Farnum
Helper Carman
Eligio Buitrago
Track Laborer
Damaso Riquelme
Track Laborer
Clifford E. Ross
R. Caleb A. West
R. Joaquin Rivera
Truck Drier
Daniel E. Gerald
Percival A. Appleton
Truck Driver

18 JANUARY 1, 1960


AT THE AGE of 14, in December Eric C. ona rted work as a messenger
in the Supply Division and e, s late is same Division, now a
general accounting clerk i old Storge lant.
When the Cold Stora fnt ws from Moun pe in April 1954, he
moved with it to Balbo I ec m er 1 8 e moved a in ith the Cold Storage
Plant, when it transfer opera s t Cozal.
He was born in Jam on th CaT fi h his mother after brief
residence in Costa Riu.i. He now kes his liN i -iso.




EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between November 15 and
December 15 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not reported.
Ralph F. L. Blades, from Blueprint Oper-
ator, Engineering Division, to Photo-
copying Equipment Operator Trainee,
Printing Plant.
Clarence C. Hansen, William J. Hoyte,
from Chauffeur, Gorgas Hospital, to
Fir.fiL.h .t r.
Dionisio C. Vega, from Meat Cutter As-
Itj,.t. uipply Division, to Laborer,
Cu tom. D\ ision.
Division of Schools
Mrs. Anna L. Barnes, Mrs. Hazel McCul-
lough. Mrs. Shirley B. Galvez, Mrs. Mar-
earet F. Morris, Mrs. Mabel P. Bath,
Mrs. Lil bel Kariger, Mrs. Mary S. Wir,
Mrs. Jean R. Wainio, Mrs. Louise M.
Caldwell. Mrs. Doris M. Robins, Mrs.
Sarah I. O'Brien, to Recreation Leaders.
Mrs. Muriel S. Knelb, Mrs. Marjorie P.
Palmer. Mrs. Sophie Y. Tatman, to Ele-
ni. nr.,rn .i%,i Secondary School Teacher.
Miss Ionne M. Frederick, to Elementary
T<. ici.r La.tl American Schools.
Christopher NM. King, Laborer, Mainten-
.irt- Dr. ;sii..i. to Laborer Cleaner.
Frank R. Brown, to Statistical Draftsman,
.,,iuiitintm Division.
Charles .1. Behringer, to Supervisory Gen-
eril E i n.1ll < r.
Robert C. Calbit, to Public Works In-
pc, tor.
Dredging Division
.Ale\ander \\att. to Chief Engineer, Tow-
I ,t ,r F. -rr
Clifford B. Otheltree, from Towing Loco-
rnmi\.- Oper.ator, Locks Division, to
Ti-,. hoi. t ,r Ferry Master.
CliHord E. Cox, Eugene E. Chaudiere,
Donald C. Brewster, Beechman F. Dunn,
George D. Beckles, to Seaman.
Oscar A. Brewster, to Leader Seaman.
Cupertino Gan ido, Pascual Gil, to Leader,
Dhri, C. ntrol.
Homer E. \'elh, to Clerk-Typist.
Eduardo Gonzalez, Pablo E. Troya, Ri-
eardo Rodriguez, Serafin Urriola, Ines
Albeo. Pablo Gomez, to Debris Control
\\ ir,. i,- marn.
Clarence A. Hope, to Cement Finisher.
Maxinino I. Caballero, Boatman, Engineer-
iIe Di\ i.i.n. to Launch Seaman, Dredg-
ins. D' I.ii:'ii.
Coco Solo Hospital
Sanliago S. Morrice, to Housekeeper.
Simeon A. Ga'le, Frances J. Aurelien, to
Hni.l,- lc.5 pi Aid.
Juan G. Fagette, Nicholas I. Dean, George
S. Robinson. Earl E. McLean, Cyril G.

November 15 through December 15

Francis, Alberto J. Howell, Percival L.
McDonald, Dionisio Vitola, Arcadio
Salazar, to Hospital Laborer.
Gorgas Hospital
Mrs. Olivia M. DeHall, Sales Clerk, Sup-
ply Division, to Hospital Attendant
Mrs. Florence S. Terry, to Medical Clerk
Mrs. Edna H. Andrew, to Nurse Super-
Mrs. Beatrice J. Lambert, to Medical Die-
tetics Aid.
Wilberforce W. Smith, Eric W. McDonald,
to Orthopedics Medical Aid.
Leroy Johnson, Kitchen Attendant, Supply
Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Richard Belzer, Daniel M. R. Haff, Gerald
H. Smith, to Pilot-in-Training.
Pablo Espafia, Jose Zabala, Jagat Singh,
Jose D. Lopez, Conrad R. Alexander,
Pompilio Medina F., Gurdev Singh, Raul
Rodriguez, Victor Echevers, Juan Ba-
nos, Alonso M. Chase, from Dock Work-
ers, Terminal Division, to Deckhand,
Navigation Division.
Ruben Rodriguez, Richards A. Samuel,
from High Lift Truck Operator, Termi-
nals Division, to Deckhand, Navigation
Joseph A. Haylock, Samuel Hawkins, to
Fender Maker.
Howarth V. Rowe, Jr., to Probationary
Robert S. Gill, Laborer, from Supply Di-
vision to Laborer Cleaner, Industrial Di-
Victor M. Luscap, to Timekeeper.
Locks Division
James R. S. DeFrees, to Automotive Ma-
Hiram J. Robison, Jordan E. Walbridge,
Firefighter, Fire Division, to Towing
Locomotive Operator.
Stanford S. Lewis, Jasper L. Robertson,
to Locks Operator Helper.
Alfonso Niles, to Service Station Operator.
Segundo Pineda G., Laborer, from Main-
tenance Division, to Community Service
Eldeka Jones, to Sales Clerk.
Ephraim R. Innis, George C. Clark, Guard,
from Railroad Division, to Storehouse
Arthur C. Parchment, Hubert A. Mason,
Aston L. Wilson, Joscelyn H. Evering,
Granville L. Reece, Victor Kourany,
Froilan Lopez H., Rupert White, to
Solomon H. DaCosta, to Laundry Worker.
Cuthbert O. Russell, Fitz H. Grant, Oswald
A. Smith, Arnold A. Grenion, Fitzgerald
Burnham, Edward G. Wasam, Lester A.
James, Grenvill G. Cooper, Roy J. Rave-
neau, to Stock Control Clerk.
Clarence N. Brin, to Cargo Clerk.
Earle M. Moore, to Mail Supervisor.
Ernesto O. Achon, to Accounting Clerk.

Erwin F. Ramsey, Beauford J. Hartley, to
Leader Engineman.
Roy A. Sharp,, Virgil C. Reed, to General
Grounds Foreman.
August I. Bauman, to Chief Grounds Fore-
Gifford Holmes, to Stockman.
Luis A. Montero, Daniel B. McFarlane,
Ovidio Cortez, Samuel Boyce, Jose G.
Santana, Vicente Alarcon A., Rogelio de
Leon, to Field Tractor Operator.
Clifford E. Thomas, Reginald A. Wilkins,
to Crane Hookman.
Norman N. Bonnick, Vicente Lucena, Her-
mogenes Puga, to Leader Heavy Labor-
Jasper N. Williams, Egbert M. Best, Charles
A. Alexander, Arnold V. Williams, to
Leader Gardener.
Jose M. Kelly, to Tree Trimmer.
Concepcion Barrios, Charles C. Mayers, to
Leader Laborers.
Edson B. James, to Lead Foreman Heavy
Basil Agard, Miscellaneous Office Appliance
Operator, from Office of the Comptrol-
ler, to Supply Division.
Mrs. Mary H. Foster, Accounting Tech-
nician, from Office of the Comptroller,
to Supply Division.
Mrs. Olianda A. DeAlvarado, Accounts
Maintenance Clerk, from Office of the
Comptroller, to Supply Division.
Irene L. Veno, Voucher Examiner, from
Accounting Division, to Supply Division.
William H. Gordon, to Truck Driver.
Ulpiano Marmolejo, Leon Perez, Regino
Salazar, Timoteo Vega, Rodolfo V. Han-
sell, Arturo Rangel, Venancio Cruz, Sil-
verio Rangel M., Regino Carrion J., Se-
verino Rios, Jose B. Castro, Charles A.
Brathwaite, Alejandro Martinez, Benito
Salazar, Justino Rodriguez, Juan A. Ze-
laya, Lazaro Gaviria, George B. Bailey,
Felix Gondola, to Heavy Laborer.
Manuel P. Morales, Washington R. Rivera,
Florencio Perez, Santiago Quezada, Ma-
nuel Santiago Z., Adrian A. Watson, Jose
Resell, to Gardener.
Alfonso Bayne, to Sales Section Head.
Isaac Guizado, to Pest Control Laborer.
Velasquez Archbold, to Leader Ship Cargo
Samuel Ellis, to Helper Carman.
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Florence E. Walker, Veronica Holt, Joyce
E. Cadogan, Alfred A. Shoy, Clifford C.
Reid, Clerk, Supply Division.
Dennis Fernandez Richard S. McLarnan,
Medical Radiology Technician, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Mrs. Virginia N. Nessler, Mrs. Betty J. K.
Bradburn, Mrs. Anna B. Rheney, Arlene
N. Segraves, Medical Radiology Tech-
nician, Gorgas Hospital.
Richard S. Brogie, Housing Management
Aid, Community Services Division.
(See page 21)






'59 '58



'59 '51
142 11




NOT A DAY goes by but that \ e see man'
such Sentinels for Safet asi tih one
shown at left. They warn the ui\i ar\ or
the preoccupied that there's something
to look out for or some special pre-
caution to be taken. They are installed
for your benefit.

One of the most serious hazards
against which the Sentinel stands
guard is an explosion, caused b\ a care-
less smoker. Explosions generally occur
without warning as contrasted % ith fire.
which is progressive and usually offers
a chance for escape. They often cause
loss of life, disruption of communinitv
economic life, and loss of t mplo\ ce jobs.

Dust explosion differs frin fl.amninble
vapor and fuel gas explosions in that
the initial explosion occurs at the op-
eration and may be follow ed b\ a sec-
ondary explosion which causes severe
destruction, usually follo.cd h\ fire.
When you see this Sentinel for Safety
douse that butt-it could put .ou up
into orbit.

-- Civil Defense

EARLY NEXT MONTH every employee of
the Company-Government will receive,
with his pay-check, a copy of the revised
1960 edition of the Civil Defense Self-
Protection and Information booklet.
This booklet will bring to the employees
up-to-date information each should have
concerning what to do in case of a
nuclear disaster in the Canal Zone. It
is now being printed and assembled at
the Mount Hope Printing Plant.
The table of contents includes: Attack
Warning Time; Attack With Warning
-Description of Public Action Signals,
Individual Actions Under Various Cir-
cumstances, and Control of Lights in a
Night Attack; Attack Without Warning
-Individual Actions Under Various Cir-
cumstances; Establishment of Protective

Shelter Areas, Use of Existing Build-
ings, Requirements, and Provisioning;
Emergency Stores of Food and Water;
Effects of Nuclear Weapons, Heat,
Blast, Radiation; Radiation Contamina-
tion Resulting From Fallout, Protection
Against Radiation Contamination From
Fallout; Canal Zone Organized Disaster
Relief Agencies, Panama Area Armed
Forces Disaster Control Program, Pan-
ama Canal Company-Canal Zone Gov-
ernment Civil Defense Program.
All new employees entering the serv-
ice will be given one of these booklets
by the Personnel Bureau.
Elections and installation of officers,
and annual Christmas parties, were held
last month by the Volunteer Corps in

Paraiso, Santa Cruz, and Rainbo\ Cit\.
The Volunteers in all these_ to\wns con-
tinue their training and !ifoi m.,tion
programs and set an exemplary e\.aniple
in community spirit. Plans are bI-ilg
completed by the Civil Defense office
to grant certificates of award to those
members of the Volunteer Corps who
have served the requisite number of
years. Details will be announced soon.
Date Town Place Hlour
7 Margarita Serv. Center 9:oo a. m.
13 Rainbow City School 6:30 p. m.
14 Santa Cruz Serv. Center 7:00 p. m.
x8 Paraiso School 7:30 p. m.

20 JANUARY 1, 1960



50 Years Ago
Pt L-s rTon THE 176-acre inner harbor,
io .anchorage basin, which would con-
stitute one of the permanent features
of the Pacific end of the Canal were
airnnorcid 50 years ago this month.
The first step was removal of partly-
subiriciged machinery, left over from
the Fiench days and scattered over a
lrge ,- .at. of the pilopc osed basin. Plans
tor docks anid pi is \ culd bu considered
E tt atir a i/ Cilbra Cut during
Jiiinuiar. 190l -1.323.69.3 cubic ilard's-
i as thile s.conld highest in the histol lI of
the Canl. .\ll of th ii ix,vactiot ital.
fromi the p.ism and orcr SO fp.rrcrnt of
it re'rifi d blahtincg.
(Or Jannar. 26. 1Jl0. the total tore,
emplo\'c d I '. the Isthmiarn Canal C':on-
nii-.sion and the Pianaii.i Railioad nuim-
hered 37,.3~' ) persons. the highest to
d:at sinLc 'Ai k \\. stated ton a trans-
isthllian wN tv.-i\..a\.


RETIREMLNT c.irtilit .its \\eel- piesciit-
ed the ril of Dec-br to the tollo\ -
in ,-niriplo\Ne-s \\ ho aie listed below,
togethli \\ith their bilthplaces, job
title-s, ears of Canal se-r ice arid future
addr ssces:
Egbert Anderson. St. Thomai, Jamaica. B.
\\ I, File Clerk, Coc.o bol, Hopital;
-42 \e.ar 9 inronrth.. 15 d.\; uindeclided.
Claussie N. Augustin, St. Lucii. B. \'. I.;
Bindt r W\o'rker Prinrtil Plant. 17
\ear 11 month- 15 dats'. Col:on. R. P.
Lino de J. Barrera, S.unit Ar., El S.alI.ilor;
A-. t..nt Miltat Cutter. isuppl' DI -i oi;
15 \t'ar,. 5 niiintll6 1.3 d.as, El S.ila. .l, r.
Ma\imino Barrera. Pt-dad. RP Launch
Seairi.iri. DredLring, Dt ihntar. 42 ..i r,
11 moith.,. 30 dla\s. Cilh rrura. R. P.
Catherine R. Boce. Jam.nic..i. B. \. I;
Cook. Supply Di\i,,irn. 1.S \edars. 7
mointlis, Colo:r., R P
Joseph G. Bro%%n. \\aliiiietrn. D C.: Ot-
lie St n.icr .e ssitar.tr. \\ ishiinm ton Of-
fice, 42 .i.ir.. 3 morntlih. 14 da\-.. \\. lh-
Mrs. Allene Cassell. Pulaski. K\ : Adniit-
tinri Clerk. Coco Solk, H,,nDtal 15
,ear,. 5 month 11 di\,: \'ill r n.m.iias
on the I.thiim ,..
Lewis R. Co'. .~rmstrn'. Couiini. Pa;
Guard SuperN. ir. Dredeiii- Dn i.iorn;
19 \ears 7 months 24 dai\s, Air..,r.i,
Samuel L. Craig. Stockbirid.Je, C.. Pump-
me Plant Operator. \\ .atr and Labora-

25 Years Ago
PASSAGE BY THE U. S. Congress of a law
providing for disability payments to
alien employees when they became phy-
sically unfit for work and eligible for
retirement was urged by Gov. Julian
N. Schley, 25 years ago this month. The
Governor included this provision in his
report to the Secretary of War which
also asked for the adoption of a "more
equitable, precise, and controlled meth-
od" of levying Canal tolls, and for funds
for maintenance work on the Canal. As
a result of this report, President Roose-
velt came out in favor of a pension for
alien employees and Congress approved
a $2,600,000 appropriation for Canal
The Atlantic side was thrown into a
brief panic early in January because of
a rumored threat to blow up the Gatun
Locks control house. Guards were
doubled and a visiting Congressman
complained that he had been denied
entrance to the locks enclosure.

stories Branch; 39 years, 4 months, 3
days; Pompano Beach, Fla.
Victor Francis, San Andres Island, Colom-
bia; Laborer, Community Services Di-
vision; 11 years, 5 months, 13 days; un-
Victor Gonzalez, Bohio, R. P.; Heavy
Laborer, Terminals Division; 39 years,
9 months, 17 days; Colon, R. P.
Ralph H. Graham, El Paso, Tex.; Chief,
Gatun Hydro Plant, Electrical Division;
30 years, 1 month, 11 days; Watsonville,
Albert L. Griffith, Barbados, B.W.I.; Lock
Operator Helper, Locks Division; 37
years, 6 months, 20 days; Port-of-Spain,
Eller Jane Holcomb, Wells, Ga.; School
Nurse, Division of Quarantine and Pre-
ventive Medicine; 27 years, 1 month, 7
days; undecided
Olney U. Hudson, Bocas del Toro, R. P.;
Seaman, Dredging Division; 19 years, 9
months, 8 days; Panama, R. P.
C. Roland Jones, South Gardiner, Maiine
Chief, Toipuoraphic Section, Slurne.s
Branch; .31 \ear,, 6 months, 19 days; St.
Petersburg, Fla.
Everett R. Kimmel, Yonkers, N. Y.; Phar-
macist, Gorgas Hospital; 19 years, 9
months, 7 days; undecided.
Benito Larrinaga, Santander, Spain; Con-
struction Inspector, Contract and In-
spection Division. 38 years, 11 months,
14 days; Panama, R. P.
Reginald A. Lyne, Panama, R. P.; Deck-
hand Boatswain, Navigation Division; 42
years, 11 months, 3 days; Panama, R. P.
Nathaniel A. McIntosh, Turks Island, B.
W. I.; Winchman, Terminals Division;
32 years, 7 months, 28 days; Colon, R. P.
Ewan E. Oddman, Gorgona, C. Z.; Heavy

10 Years Ago
AMERICAN SHIPPING interests complain-
ed 10 years ago that commercial ship-
ping through the Panama Canal was
bring forced to pay most of the military
and government expenses in the Canal
Zone. Issued during the month, the
Canal annual report stated that 5,084
ocean-going tolls-paying ships had used
the Canal in 1949 and had paid
$22,486,663 in tolls.

One Year Ago
As THE CALENDAR YEAR began, the Ca-
nal organization embarked on a $90
million program of construction and
improvements, the highest construction
level since the early 1940's. In January
1959, work was under way on the west
approach for the new bridge, a pre-
bidding conference was held on the
Cut widening project, and at another
pre-bidding conference work on the
east bridge approach was discussed.

Labrnr, Suppl Di i-ion; 36 years, 9
rimontli. 2S J,.a,: Pranama, R. P.
Charles Phillips. Grt-n.da. B.W.I.; Dry
Cl.anir. Suppl\ Di, iicn; 39 years, 7
imonthi.. 10 d:l.a. Pan.ima. R. P.
Luis Pomnares, Pannima, R P.; Lock Op-
erator Helptr. Locks Division; 44 years,
9 nimntlhs. 30 days; Panama, R. P.
Leonard H. Scraliton, Madison, Conn.;
General Foreman RigrT rTndutriil Di-
vision; 33 years, 6 monthlJ. 21 da3\ Pas-
cagoula, Miss.
Harmon Smith, Jessup, Pa Ele:triciain,
Electrical D niiionr, 20 c ..r-. 24 J.I,,.
Keystone Heights, Fla.
Alfred B. Warner, Tobago. B.W.I.; Guard,
Police Division; .35 %ea.ir. 8 month. 24
days; Panama, R. P.

Promotions and Transfers
(C.ontiiucd from page 19)
Paul W. Morgan, Supervisory Medic.al Ra-
diology Technician, Gorgas Horit.il.
Luis E. Dixon. Operation. Room Nursing
.\A -.it.ii t, (C nrga.- H o pital
Roy A. \\ation, lose Bermudez C., Phar-
inac\ Helper. C,,L, Solo HoIpit.al
James E. Agee, Plianni.a,_ir, Coco Solo Hos-
Roy T. High, Alexander Egudin, Charles
D. Weed, Everett R. Kimmel, Plharima-
cist, Gorgas Hospital.
Lillian F. DeGomez, Clerk-Typist, Gorgas
D% eight NM. Van Eveia. Jr.. John D. Beeson,
Retail .'tore Super\ isor. SupplI Division.
Lillian NI. Joshua. Nlary E. Walker, Sales
Clirk. 'siippl. Di .iiun.
Hubert Johnson, CGeneral Illustrator, Ac-
counting Division, Office of the Comp-



-Worth knowing .
NhlEXBIRs oIf thi Pn.i.ima Canal Clomlpan's Board of
Directors \ ill meet in the Canal Zone Februar\ 1. 2
aid :3 this \ear. Tliis is the annual meeting oni the Istli-
inus.. Anion subljeIt to be disciissecd tre tlie Linls
Ra. "t' Studies to impi,,\e the present Panama Canl.

DRR. Av( Cr nHANt. Director of Education of Exeep-
itri.al Cilidrcn for the State of Illinois, is due iln the
Canal Zonlle tills rnlil th to ex iu.ite the Canal Zone
Schools' program for e\cepti''i.al eliildren. Dr. Gra-
liih 's first isit here \\as in Febrii.r\ I% 57, \ irh n lie
re\ i'eed the plans for the Cainal Zionie program. tlen
in the form.ati\e statee. If lis. scliedule p-rmllts a nd tlhe
date- t.fiincid'. hi \ill assist in the formal dedication'
of the Cri-stb.al Higli Scioolbos inet plant

P AuCEL PUo.' rates are ,'oiiii ut. A.s a resil t iof the par-
eel p, st irticease itn the U'nitt-d states, partel post rates
to UL'nited Stati-s territories an, d pc-essiotin, and. to local
destinatiojns ai; to be in crea.-sd about 1, percent. ac-
cordiin to the (anal Zone Pontal Di\ isin The ffeec-
tive date of the iiiertase is Februar 1.

ST rDEN\T ill tle Can.l ZnI e's l.atini .\A rican sciols .
\\ill \\indl up their school %-ear earl\ neIVt imnoLtli The

school \ear. \ hich coincides \ith that of tlhe Republic
of Panama. ends Februar% 2. The Latin American
schools reopen, in Nlay.

LU1 '' Tl)r, ilZED ISItTOnR; to the Canial widening project
in the geiieral art- of C. lltractor Hill not onl\ hinder
the \. ork but endanger themseihes.. sa\s tlhe E'iiineer-
inu .alnd Ciiitruictiion Biurcau. Some ,t the visitors
e\en dri\e to tle hill top near the rt-locatt-d signal
station anId wander "perilou.,.sl\ clo-se to thie vertical
face iof the hill. a Bureau mremoirt- iandumn said. With
tle Ihazarcd o)t hbatini cOiltititiniti ftor several illniiths
more, iio \ isitor irs Le to he allowed on thle project
e\icept those \tith an ,.,fcial escort.

A Hi. rH:s[' T IT[\1 uf the Canal Z'nie, Ellis Fa..ett of
Paraisii,. \\.s one of se'. eial participants in a Latin
American Niilit recently\ ,t Central C'onnecticut State
(-''lIeg.e. The program as held under tin- sponsorship
fit tlih Linitcd Nations CIuincil. Other students takin
paI t in the progLraim ere Iromi Costa Rica and Chile.
MIr Fa\tzett is on a \ears leate from his post as prin-
cipal of the Paraiso Iligh Scholol to s.tud\ in tlhe
United States.

Christmas on the Isthmus

From all over the Pacific side, moppets (and their parents) flocked
last month to see Santa Claus-the youngsters to be sure their
orders were delivered in person and their parents just to check.:

* (T,.T a -. <..--^ "** ':-:- ,... ^' .--,o..,-' ,,..w ; *I'. s.'. ,

Duncan Laird, Air Force employee, has the look of frustration that
can come only from shopping for a Christmas tree with your wife.
Mrs. Laird and Mrs. Joe Ruzicka want to see which tree looks best.

22 JANUARY 1, 1960



As THE HIGHEST RANKING woman United States Coast
Guard officer on the Isthmus, Miss Jessie May Gill of the
Executive Planning Staff wears the silver oakleaf and
three stripes of a Commander on her uniform when she
goes on active training duty, as she did not too long ago.
Miss Gill \,tas commissioned an Ensign after complet-
ing a SPARS training course on January 4, 1943, at the
Coast Guard Training Academy in New London, Conn.
Hers ~ as the first class to enter Coast Guard Reserve
training after World War II was declared. After gradua-
tion, she served in Operations at the Coast Guard Head-
quarters in \\ashington, D. C.
Shortly after losing on inactive duty in June 19-14, she
came to the Canal Zone and has been here ever since,
except for a fe\v brief times spent in the United States.
She was born in Rocksprings, Tex., but home to her is
Starkl\ille, Mis.
Miss Gill first went to work for The Panama Canal,
in 1946. in the Special Entin-ering Division. She has
also worked \\itli the former Qi.irtcerm.i.,t-r Di j'ioi and
the Communiity Ser\ ices Division.
Although Miss Gill is a Coast Guard Reserve Officer.
all her active duty training has been with the United
States Navy at the 15th Naval District inn he Canal Zone
and in \Washington, D. C.
How did she happen to choose the United States Coast
Guard ser ice, Miss Gill says she just liked that branch
of service, and she's never regretted herlchoice.

THE "SERAI" (Translation: Home of the Traveller) isn't
the name of an exotic Far Eastern inn. It's right here in
the Canal Zone, a 32-foot gaff-head ketch that was the
home of Bill Lohr of the Engineering Division, and his
wife, Martha, for almost three years. The Lohrs are living
ashore in Balboa now because, among other reasons, their
clothes became too damp in the sea-going % ardrobes.
Mr. Lohr, a native Californian, has been a boating
enthusiast since he was 15 years old, but his wife wasn't
initiated into housekeeping on the bounding waves until
they went on their wedding trip to Catalina. For tw\o and
a half years the Lohrs lived on board the Serai, at the
Marine Slip at Los Angeles, where such luxuries as elec-
tricity, a swimming pool, and even a garage are available.
Last February 5, the Lohrs left Los Angeles on their
ketch and sailed down the coast of Mexico, stopping
wherever they pleased. Although they visited La Paz,
Manzanillo, Acapulco, and Salina Cruz in Melico. they
both agreed they did not meet any really triiendly people
until they arri\ ed at Puntarenas, Costa Rica. From Costa
Rica thle) \\ent to the Galapagos Islands, off Ecuador,
and fell under the spell of the "Enchanted Islands." The
Lohrs spent three months there and agreed they could
hae reniained three \ears, and still not have seen every-
thing the Ilands had to offer.
Thle .ohr,' trip from Los Angeles to the GalApagos
Islands was their first real long sea voyage, for they'd
never gone farther than 50 to 60 miles from Los Angeles



Yarmouth on Cruise
FIVE CARIBBEAN cruises, which will in-
clude calls at Cristobal and the San
Blas will be made between January 14
and May 2 by the Caribbean cruise liner
Yarmouth. The ship is making her first
call at the Canal this year as a replace-
ment for the well-known Evangeline.
With approximately 350 cruise pas-
sengers on each trip, the Yarmouth will
sail from Miami and will include King-
ston, Cristobal, San Blas, Cartagena and
Ciudad Trujillo on her 12-day cruise
The ship is completely air condition-
ed and, according to Boyd Brothers, her
local agents, will take passengers wish-
ing to embark in Cristobal for Miami.
She is due in Cristobal January 14, Feb-
ruary 8, March 7, April 4, and May 2.
Canal in Pictures
THE PANAMA CANAL will be a promi-
nent part of a photographic essay now
being prepared of a round-the-world
trip aboard the Willem Ruys, a Royal
Rotterdam liner which makes regular
transits through the Canal.
Local scenes, such as Miraflores
Locks and shots of the vessel making
the trip through Gaillard Cut, were
taken last month by Carel A. Blazer and
J. S. Nieuwenhuis, two Royal Rotter-
dam Lloyd employees. The story which
will accompany the photographs is
being prepared by H. Hazelhoff, who
writes under the name of Max Den-
The men were accompanied on their
visits to Panama Canal points of interest
by Arne Hauge, of the C. B. Fenton &

1958 1959
Commercial................. 773 886
U. S. Government ........... 20 14
Total................ 793 900

Commercial...... $3,631,946
U. S. Government. 100,571
Total..... $3,732,517



Co., agents for the Willem Ruys in the
Canal Zone.
New Service
THREE BRAND NEW cargo ships owned
by the Venezuelan Line of Caracas
recently started regular transits through
the Panama Canal on a new service
between La Guaira and ports on the
west coast of the United States and
Canada. The 5,000 deadweight ton
motor vessel Sucre, which inaugurated
the new run in November is due back
through the Canal from Vancouver on
January 8 on the final lap of her maiden
Other ships in this service are the
Anzoantegui, due back from the west
coast January 27, and the Yaracuiy.
which was southbound through the
Canal this week on her initial voyage
to the west coast.All three ships were
built recently in Holland for the Vene-
zuelan Line and are represented here
by the Royal Netherlands Steamship
Rice Ship
A NEW TYPE of bulk carrier which is
now being converted on the west coast
to carry nothing but rice in bulk from
Stockton to San Juan, Puerto Rico, w ill
arrive at the Canal early this year on
the first tlip of what is expected to be
a regular service. The ship. appropriate-
ly called the Rice Queen, is being placed
in seitice b\ the Rice Growers Associa-
tion of Sacramento and will be operated
by the Marine Transport Lines of New



York, represented here by\ Wilford &
McKay, Inc. The ship should be ready
early in February, at about the same
time the rice concern expects to open
its $2,000,000 rice mill at San Juan Bay.
Credit Cruises
TRAVEL NOW and pay later has become
a familiar procedure for many, tourists
but those who will \ isit the Panama
Canal in February, March and Apt il on
the Hamburg-Atlantic Line's flagship
Hanseatic ha\ e the oppoi turit of using
an American Express credit card toi
anything from the purchase of their
tickets to rental of a deck ch air.
According to a recent article in the
New York Times, the credit card cruises
have been arranged for the Hanseatic
which is due to arrive in the Canal
Zone February 16, March 4, March 20
and April 4. On these trips anyone hold-
ing an American Express credit card
will be able to use it to purchase his
tickets before sailing, and then. aboard
the vessel, for such services as the hair-
dresser, barber shop, laundry, bar, wine
steward, gift shop and even tips.
In addition, the card may be used to
charge shore excursions. Passengers will
receive a directory of restaurants, night
clubs and shops at ports along the route
which will honor the credit card.
C. B. Fenton & Co., local agents for
the Hanseatic, said that they had been
advised that the ship was scheduled flu
four visits to Cristobal but so far uhai:
no information on the credit cards.

.v, .

CARGO (long tons)
Commercial...... 4,073,394
U. S. Government. 115,114
Total..... 4,188,508


* Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.

First of this season's cruise ships to transit the Canal was the new Dutch liner Rotterdam.
shown here docking in Cristobal. 1With an overall length of 7-IS feet, she is the largest
foreign-flag ship built for the trans-Atlantic run since W'orld \\'ar II.

J.VN.ARY 1. 1960

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