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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
F ~ HEN RUFUS HARDY conceived the
S. .idea of an otheial Panama Canal publi-
S. ation, hle received no stauncher and
S.rt more consistent backing than that from
;" hii loin-time friend and associate. Eu-
i gene C. Lombard, then E\ecuti\e Sec-
relar\ of the Panama Canal. It "as na-
tural, then. that the stafl of "The Pan-
amra Canal Re% ie ." stunned and shock-
ed Im Rulus' sudden death on Septem-
her 2. should turn to Gene Lombard for
/ yan appreciation of the iman who. through
I the writtenn \lord. has made a lasting
contribution to the story of the Pan-
MAlNY PERSONS H.\VE gi\en lo' al and deCoted se\rice to the Panama Canal and
ulfus Hardy ranks high ainon then. No one cmild ha\e gic en more than he did.
No one worked d harder tiaard the goal ot understanding and hihii morale.
His professional skill \as unique. He t rote \with clarity and precision and had
the rare ability\ to reduce complex\ matters to simple language.
The da\ in 193. hlien lie took o\er his C.inal duties %with the unassuming title
of Press Representati\e. marked the beginning of real public relations for the Pan-
ama Canal. \ith a keen ensnse of ne' valuess. and thornughi knot ledge of Canal
matters, he produced a steiadt treamn of nets' reecllntinug the dails history of the
w aterwaY and the Canal Zone. His reputation "as based on the solid foundation
of accuracy and honest reportinlg.
The ertablishlient of "Thlie Panaa Canal Relie'" ."as a notable accimplish-
ment. The idea "as entirely his and hen Go ei nor1 Ner coiner appro' ed it lie com-
mended Rufus for his "ell-detailed plan. The Re' ie%" "as a success from the start.
but Rufus. a pertectioniit in his "ork, strim const.lntl\ to improve it. That lie suc-
ceeded is self-e\ident. The article entitled 'The Turbulent Fillies' in a recent
isvue i' t' pical of "'The Re\ie's" (s ontributinis to the stor~ of the Canal.
Rufus' manner was court and his personality hriendl He "as deepl. loyal to
his friends and "as "armbheartendand compassionate to those needing a helping
hand or a tord of consolation.
It is a matter of histoi that during the construction o lihe Canal there existed
in all classes ot workers exen the hunmblest laborer, a deep pride in the enterprise
and the feeling that lie "as part of it. It "as this spirit "hieh Rufus Hard. per-
sonified and "hith i"ill cause his menior. to endure.
-E. C. L.
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J.:.iNs N c ELH N'.. Li- r .....L t.:..-.' r .r': i iii, d ki i \ ,ni ,.1 T.. Bli T i.
\\ i.LA \A G. Ai ., li Official Panama Canal Cumpant Pablicalion hi-.llii .i ... ai -i
P[ i ar.H i C ,,I Il. .ri. ..-.' OI'i.:er Puiblished M1onthli Al Balboa Heichlr C. Z.
f,,' ,11 lI Pi r: P tai .ll .r,!i.-r 0 iZ., .r
0 .. a. r Ft1 i ri. l i. ..ual _. r i:: ..'.r :r* I r.r.- ir : .. Ti. T *- u. :r I.. I I.. l ,- 1 a T ,r .l ul I. al t.. r. i 5 .:. l. .i.'-.-
Subscriptions. it a 3ear; mail and back copiits. 11) cents each.
P -.. l r,.:.;,,- ..r.J~ r o, r n .- l ... r r...rl, I .. l '' C El: ''. ... .. ul 1 ..I.'. 1 I.: iL .r .r. T h.,: P s: .-,, C: n i] R ., .. [, IL..: .-.l_-Il C Z
2 THE PANANIA. CAN.u. REVIEW'
Widening of Fourth of July Avenue, part of the work on the bridge east approach, is moving ahead.
Work moves full steam ahead on $20,000,000 project
\\WRK ON THE $20,000,000 high level
bridge across the Panama Canal at
Balboa. until now restricted to construc-
tion ot the two approaches, is rapidly
ino\ ing into high gear.
On October 20, Lt. Col. Robert D.
Brown. Jr., Engineering and Construc-
tion Director and Contracting Officer
foi the Panama Canal Company, will
micLt with contractors and their rep-
resen ta tives in a pre-bidding conference
on the bridge superstructure. This part
of the work, which will cost in the
general area of $10,000,000, will be
the largest contract to be let by the
Canal organization since the Third
Locks project. Bids on the superstruc-
ture work, for which plans and specifi-
cations were issued early last month, are
to be opened December 2.
The first actual work on the bridge
substructure took place September 14
when the Panama Canal's midget dredge
Mandinga began excavation of a chan-
nel parallel to the location of the bridge
piers. This channel will enable a work
barge to reach the pier sites.
The Dredging Division, which is
doing this work under contract to Fruin-
Colnon International S. A. and LeBoeuf
and Dougherty, Inc.- prime contractors
for the $3,000,000 substructure project,
claims honors for the first bridge work
for the Mandinga. This claim is con-
tested, however, by the Maintenance
Division which has been clearing an
area in the L. Boca tank farm for the"
During the past month equipment
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
;I ;; tr..
L":: C.?~Z1~LfS~. *rrrr*-A
The i d "Madinga" is excavating a chael to the site of the bridge piers. She claims first hors on the bride r-
The Ini,_=th miid'-et dredge "Mandinga" is excavating a channel to the site of the bridge piers. She claims first honors on the bridge ork.
for the bi iIe. substructure began arriv-
mii. f..,in the United States and was set
up nii Dock 7, the old Balboa coal dock.
Inl,:de.i. in this e'll.iipmiiiet .ere three
heavy cranes '.: ith c.linshell buckets
and several electric pumps. The latter
will be used to unwater the cofferdams
during the pier construction.
On September 18 a large derrick
work barge arrived in Balboa from San
Francisco under tow of the tug Donna
Foss. Aboard the 75-by-150-foot work
barge were 180 tons of steel bracing
for the cofferdams, two medium land-
ing craft which will be used to shuttle
concrete from the bathing plant on
Dock 7 to the pier sites, and miscel-
laneous construction equipment.
Other arrivals last month included a
large drill rig, described by one en-
gineer as a gi.a'.tic post-hole digger.
This drill rig belongs to the Case Foun-
dation Company, subcontractors for
[pl.iAIi~; the concrete caissons in the
tank farm area. A special type never
before used here, it is able to drill holes,
of .36 in-lchis in diameter, up to 80 feet
Key personnel for the substructure
contractors are also on the Isthmus.
Raymond E. Flint, a Fruin-Colnon vice
president, has been here for several
weeks. He was joined recently by
Homer Stokes, who is to be project
manager for Fruin-Colnon -Ind Li -B.anir
and Dougherty. Another I-c..i.t .1ii\al
is Richard Lowe, project main.r.!-a for
the Case Foundation Corrn:,t-pi.
The first piece of heavy .. | .iuipmnit
other than the Mandinga t,.. 1:... i ,.d -on
the substructure work, a yaid .iind half
tractor crane, started excav.,ir!,. oil Sep-
tember 18 near Esso Tark .'2 in the
La Boca Tank Farm section.
In the meantime, Concih -t P.ma.iina
has been setting up a batlin',; plant
near one of the old coal p.'ilcts on
Dock 7. Framorco, anotli,. Pa'a.ii.Im
firm, has brought in an ag.,_g..it- pro-
cessing plant for concrete, Aig'te'-;itec
and is setting this up at (..miioai.. The
processing plant had been iuisd -,n tlih
Interamerican Highway w,.! k ait ..ia-
Grading and earth work ... [ith ,;a.t
approach to the bridge is I.h.i. d.iiIn
under contract by Bildoil Ini.. This
project is now appproximar-kl 40 pc-
cent completed. It involves il .t.lil. and
cutting back of Reservoir 1ill ii tli
Chorrillo area and constiui..t;i. i .-. a
large fill across the Gavila!n ndii flats
The core of the Gavilan fill s ni..l, til.im
Sosa Hill; the lighter fill miat. 'ill ,..:n11,s
from the grading at Chorilli.. F.uith
of July Avenue is also beii; : vl. i.ned
from J Street to the Linits .i.d the
streets at the Limits rea'],ra,..-d for
On the west bank, grading i; c(om-
pleted for the west appr..-icl Later.
both approaches will be pa' ::1 1indi1r a
This concrete aggregate proceingii plant is
shown as it was being moved to Caniboa.
4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
A MAN \\HO aids been familiar with the Panama Canal and its
operations fur a number of \eari has been added to the Board of
Directors of the Panama Canal Compani \\ ith the appointment
of former Congressmman John J. Allen to the spot formerly oc-
cupied by Og'den R. Reid. now U. S. A.nibssador to Israel. The
appointment was announced by\ \\ilber MI. Bnrcker. Secretary
ut the Army and stockiiilder fur the Panlama Canal Company.
Mr. Allen. iwho 'ner\td as a Representatil- from California for
t\welvl- \tears. is now\ Assistant Secretar\ of Commerce.
He \ill attend his first Board nieeting thii month w lien the Pan-
ama Canal Cirmipan's Board of Duectors holds its quarterly
meeting in \\ashiington.
During his \ears in Congress Mr. Allen served as a member
of the Panama Can.il sillhcklinmmitte- of the Merchlant Marine and
Fisheries C,-mmnissio-n anid at nie time \\as its chairman.
He has made at least tliiv-e \ iits to the Canal Zone, the last of
these in Ml.arich 1957. During one oi f his earlier visits. when he
\wais chairman of tlih PiIaina Can.al s.ibconmmittee, he attended
one of the niinthly Shirtsleeve Cionferelnces. thle first Congress-
11a.11 to do so.
Born inl Oakland. Calif.. lie attended the University of Cali-
fornia and took a degree inl law. tlher For s.omie tirne he practiced
la\\ in Oakland in p.irtniership with his brother Liston O. Allen.
He is a Na\'\ veterann of both World \\ars.
Mr. Allen and the Governor are shown here
during the new Director's 1957 \isit to the Zone.
I more trees
ORNAMENTAL ThEES. PALMS, and shade
tr'_c, ssome of which aie leaving the
confines of the nurser\ at Summit Car-
(dcns ifo the first time. are being planted
in Cainal Zone communities these da\s
I-,\ the Crounds Blanch of the Com-
n-ii it, Set lices Di vision.
The- local versionn of Arbor Day is
part of a Parnamna Canal Company pio-
gLare to) place bees whiich ha\e either
diid or be.-c ieinuved from Canal Zone
towns in recent \ears. Some also are
Lbeii planted to be-autify spots which
never before have been sladed by trees.
One of these is the section of Roose-
.tlt Avenue runiiiigi from Fiangipani
Stheet to Colozo Stieet in Balboa. On
one side there is iclO a lowV of i:ugenia
iro:idis aid hatnioginia. tho hopes of
inlmeineital lno\.ei-ring trees %thich "ill
giov into lai \tIell-dlaped shade trees.
On the othtil side, nit-t to the railroad
tliLks. a iot of fan palms whichh \will
e\-intuiall\ glow\ to a height of 75 feet
ale making their first ho\ to the Ca-
I.al Zone outside of Sinummit Gardens.
Nic.)bal[ p:lms another tall graceful
\aliet.t of tropical palm tiee. have been
plaiited thi length of Fiangipani Street
to ieplace- other palm trees \\liich re-
centl' died of old age. Near the Health
Bureau Sanitation Office in Ancon, a
young shade tree. whose ancestor w\as
sent to the Canal Zone from \Washing-
to ,. D.C.. is starting life in a tropical
community. This \aiiety-the species is
not known-sent here as an experiment,
did so \well at Summit Gardens that its
offspring are gradually being distrib-
uted around the Canal Zone wherever
large shade trees are needed.
Another newtconer to the Canal Zone
outside the Summit nursery is the golden
latania pilm, a shorter variety; of the fan
palm. Some of these have been planted
near dte Balboa Retail Store housewares
So far- the program has not mo\ed
much farther than Ancon and parts of
Balboa but eventually it will take in
most Canal Zone communities on both
sides of the Isthmus. The final results
-iI most cases-will not be appreciable
for many \ears, for some of the tiees,
such as the ciugnias and barringoniaw
take time to reach maturity.
Others, like the more familiar vellow
showed trees and the purple flotvering
jacarandas, will show results almost im-
mediately under the tender care of the
Grounds Branch experts.
THE PN.ANIA. CANAL REVIEW
ONLY THE Indians
are permitted to
use fish t-rnn
>rce of the
ent moves ^ *
like arms. *. .
.: W i I ;
are on the march
THE "FORTY-NINERS" are on the move
again! The goal this time is the 49th
State of the United States of America,
and the mere fact that it involves a
jaunt from the Equator practically to
the Arctic Circle has not daunted three
Canal Zone families, accustomed to long
vacation trips. Accompanied by former
C m.d Zone i:-.idJ.,t iii r-' .-. c.acss, they
chose Alaska as their vacationland this
summer, with strolling on glaciers, fish-
ing for king salmon, photographing of
moose, and gold panning as some of
Mrs. G. E. Cooper and her son, Jerry,
14, of Gamboa travelled by ship and
by plane to reach Alaska. There they
went on a trailer tour with Mrs. Coop-
er's sister and brother-in-law, Lt. Col.
and Mrs. Donald M. Callahan, who
like Alaska so much they requested an
extension of their tour of duty at Fort
Richardson, five miles outside of An-
chorage. (Mrs. Callahan was the former
Patsy Getman and had attended Can-
al Zone Junior College.) Mr. and Mrs.
Allen K. Miller and their two daugh-
ters, Martha, 18, and Marjorie, 14, of
Balboa went by ship to New York.
They joined former Canal Zone resi-
dents George and Grace Dunlop and
their sons, David, 17, and Robert, 13,
now of Texas, at Livingston, Mont.,
from where the two families in their
respective cars set out on the trek to
Alaska. Chester A. Luhr and son, Jo-
nathan, 16, of Diablo Heights travel-
led by air to Petersburg in the Alaskan
Panhandle, where Mr. Luhr met his
brother, Frank, for the first time in 21
years. The two Luhr families took off
on a 10-day king salmon fishing trip,
dodging whales in Frederick Sound on
The Coopers' trip was exciting from
the start, for they sailed from the Can-
al Zone in the German vessel Essen
which had played a key role in the
rescue at sea of 38 survivors from the
burning Colombian ship Rio Atrato.
Anchorage, said Mli;. Cooper, is a
modern city with a 14-story building,
supermarkets, and shops where one may
purchase a Dior model, if so inclined,
and where hamburgers cost $1.50 each
and tomatoes are 55 cents a pound.
The Coopers and the Callahans start-
ed out on their trailer trip from An-
chorage, travelled up Glenn Highway,
and through Matanuska Valley whose
farm colony became famous during the
depression of the 1930's in the United
States, when 200 families were moved
The roads they travelled are well
maintained, Mrs. Cooper said. But,
because of the frost heave, there are
frequent signs warning of a "dip" or
"bump." Moose abounded, usually cows
accompanied by calves, but the party
saw only one grizzly.
At Fairbanks, one of Alaska's busiest
and most crowded cities, Mrs. Cooper
was particularly interested in watching
the work of a gold dredge which, she
learned, processes 15,000 tons of earth
a day. Dredges are a family interest,
for Mrs. Cooper has been working with
the Panama Canal Dredging Division
for 10 years, and her husband is with
the dredge Cascadas.
They saw Mt. McKinley from the
air; and in all their travel by car and
by air constantly were aware of the
size of Alaska, the tremend'.ui. n i,'..lll-
tains and glaciers, and the .atnnii.pl-i,-
Gold? There's still gold in tliin, thar
hills. The Coopers and the CJ.lahanis
went panning for gold, and tli,, .11: .itual-
ly did get some dust.
MR. AND MRS. MILLER and ririt t\%i.)
daughters, travelling with tli. Diiiilop
family, drove over 15,000 n!iil- .oid.
as a highlight of their trip, .i.....d tli-
Arctic Circle by plane.
Leaving Livingston, Mont tie fist
of July, the two families in th-,i ici.-
pective cars drove through Cl.,:ic- Na-
tional Park, visited Banff National Park
and went through Jaspar Natl .i.i, Pai k.
where they encountered a h.-:.,' !y.iw -
At Dawson Creek, British C'l-liiiiiba.
the mileage post was mark,..l \ tlh a
huge "0" denoting the start of tI, Al.\sk.
Highway. From Dawson to tih. I'.a.iid-
ary of Alaska is a distance: .- 1.221
miles and on the third night .Itt. I.i i.-
ing Dawson the party reached t1i- -l'-tI
They crossed the Arctic Cilclr b\
plane, and landed at Fort Yulk,,-i .b.,,it
four miles north. A young gi hI ..m \'Vl-
ginia is the teacher at this sr..., ri'it
of about 300 native Indians oI Ekl;ni,,.
and she also is the tour ag-nit As a
memento, each member of tl-,l. tiiiil
has a colorful certificate wliclh .taite
"Wien Alaska Airline. Thik c..!tific
that...has crossed the Arctic C(.ar.e.
9th day of July 1959."
Homeward bound, the Milletr. aidii th
Dunlops separated at Dawson Creek.
6 THE PANAMA CANAL REIlEW
Wonders of Alaska
three Zone families
to the 49th State
the Millers coming down through Seat-
tle and then across the continent to
New York, where they boarded a Pan-
amra Canal Liner for the Canal Zone.
Mr. Miller said he would advise any-
one planning a similar trip to drive a
car not more than eight to ten years
old, and a good set of tires is a must.
The Canal Zone-Alaskan travellers also
found the "Milepost," a pocket guide
Sto Alaska, an indispensable companion.
TEN OF THERE 15 DAYS in Alaska were
R spent by Mr. Luhr and his son on a
salmon fishing trip with Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Luhr. who have been residents
of Petersburg, Alaska, since 1943. The
temperature ranged between 48 and 54
degrees, and wind and rain precluded
photography. But the fishing was good.
The Luhrs watched whales cavorting
at Frederick Sound, a breeding ground
which is closed to hunters. The whales,
said Mr. Luhr, leap 'way out of the
%\ater, and there is a tremendous noise
when they hit water again. He and his
son viewed whales at such close range
They were able to see the barnacles on
The fishing party travelled the In-
side Passage and Mr. Luhr described
the beautiful scenery, the picturesque
mountains, ind the glaciers, where one
could hear the ice breaking off, if an-
chored nearby at night. Alaska, he said,
is the last frontier, a rugged land de-
manding rugged settlers. Both Chester
Luhr and his son, however, would like
to go back for a longer visit and a more
e'tenrded fishing trip.
The Allen K. Miller family retraces their 15,000-mile motor trip on maps of the
United States, Canada and Alaska. They crossed the Arctic Circle by airplane.
Mrs. Cooper and her son, in interior Alaska, view a moose antler-decorated
cache house which holds provisions in the dread event the family home burns.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
First non-United States
1'illiami Junip ; tie senior eimlnlo ee in the Canal ser% ice.
SECULRITY FOR THEIR Old age aimd protection f.r
thlir famiilit.- bc- i.me a reality f,.r tl.oiisarids% of ii'ioii-
U.S. citizen empl. i-\-s it tihe Cdail r'rga.iiiz.iti,'ni this
iim'i__th as tilhe- Civil S-lt ic Riettir-ie lit s\'. st-im \\ent into
efct-ct f, r tit-, \"' ,rkc-rs.
Selt.cl Inon-U.S. citizens \\ill be: artiiu 'lg tihe Cani:al or-
altlizaitiotn mL-pio'. ees \\ wli ill be retired ti'._ii Canal
service duriiiii. Oct iber \i itli uill retirelneiit 1l-niefits
.\ltlhotl tlhe\ lia\e hI-eti pal m'j into the retiieim int
fimid totr oiil\ a \c.r. these -:\e,, like otle-. s <1\,_ ill
fl.!l,,\% tlieim \\ il re\ ei- tlhe s.aime retirement t benefit<
as t!ie Uirittd St.atts -citizenr retirees \\I,) li.at\e bt--cr
pay i i'it'i th et Ci\ il bS i:e Retirenr-iit-t tuiid fi'r \ .ii-,<.
The\ are inct ti-, filt nin-U.S eitizeis, to retire frhni
tlhe C.iia.l ';ii,_,e lIAt (Oct,.ier h\\1- ln 'J 111111 e1e bil.iaiketed
into, tlic (2]\ il Ser ke Retiiremnit pilai, but tli-\ dre the0
fil't tI rctlie fti -te aild t Ie \ i-e.t
IIHe:diinrg t!ite -' r p .-f iinn-U.S
\\illi.rn Jum p. s-nii ,IIIIn ,.i tl.- Canatil ,rgI.,lzatitin
r llis \ I i, tli: \e.tr it-cin]-ilet-t:d 54 \..-Irs ._f,' 'ren ice all of
it iti thi- Indusitrial Di\ !i,.'i t.t. lw Er- lie is a timekeepe-r.
Otier .ae L is Li i ML in.ilclial. elmploiee of tlhe Ad-
iinist.rative Bi.incl, at Balb.'a. F Hei.'lits-lie lias \\ui<,rd
at tlie AXdmhiini
irnj D i\ isiin Jo.lin Fleihiiiii, ,,. hb.-- labor.,-r in tlir T _r-
citizens, with age and
service, to benefit from
minals Division; Joseph Norville, track lab,'i-ri- in tlie
Ilaili'..u Division; Louis Parfait, hb11 .r\ asi'.taiit, C.iiialI
Zone Li'brlil; and T. C. Taueres, janitor ii, til: DiN ision
Ci\il Service retirements for non-U.S. citizen iem-
pli,. \:>s '.trt-cd October 5, 1958, i itlhi tli po ii.. mii that
e.t Ii nimcilrl-t must have contributed to th-e rt.irt-incilit
fund for at least a year before becoming Iil.lil cfid for .a
pein-iiin. Only those employees who bec.-tniri: c dlli.~rl
were eliibilr- for retrcirL,-nit between last ( )-t, rl-il 5 lnd
this month. During the past year, there II.I- bLl r n 1,
average of three such di .l-)ilit\ i tiirr_-iinit ricIt miiiitli.
S'.,iri: of those retiring on dikabilit\ had paid .Ill\ .1
feri d,.1la1. to the r, tirii-i-iit fund but tln:\ alid tliltr
fain.!riet are now receiving full iretirri-i-nlt i-ii-ef-its. In
,ddiltiin, widows of non-U.S. citizen eripI.[i- r \\!N I
died since last October are receiving thi. admire rtire--
ment benefits as if their husbands had be- in-in.milcr
of thic it.-tir: ini: lit plan for years.
Ti- iir't\ ir-tirement system .a pi'.)\ isIn! '.' tie- 1955
Tr.;at\ b, -t\\,- n the United Srtate;s iiid Paiii..L pro-
\id:h'd ii,...n-l itit z rii c:rjpl .: s xv itil I:'\, C tl) thIe .-,nC r,--
tirement benefits as government employee, in ti:t. Uiinitrd
Since l.aLt October, non-U.S. citizen ernpl.i\-_,:- lihat:
been c-i.trlibutigv 6V/2 percent of their saLar\ ft'r rrtirr-
8 THE P.AN'.AM C\N.\L RE\IEV'
ment each month and the remainder of the cost of retire-
ment, or about 13 percent, is being supplied by the
Canal organization and the U. S. Government.
If an employee who had five years of government
service became disabled after October 5, 1958, he was
retired and was given an annuity based on his salary and
length of service. If he died, his widow is entitled to an
annuity for life, or until she remarries, plus an extra
monthly payment for each child under the age of 18.
Employees retiring for age or service this month will
receive an annuity determined by formulae based on
his pay and length of service. At the age of 60 an em-
ployee with 30 years of service can retire at his own
option or if, at age 55 with 30 years service, at an annuity
reduced by one percent for each year that he is under 60.
At the time the retirement system went into effect
last October, there were 642 non-U.S. citizen dock work-
ers who were not included because they worked part
time. Since that time approximately 170 of these em-
ployees have been included in the retirement plan and
the benefits are gradually being extended to others.
Approximately 4,200 non-U.S. citizens who left the
Canal service before the Civil Service Retirement plan
was placed in operation are receiving monthly disability
relief payments from the United States Government.
These payments add up to a yearly total of more than
Louis L. Moolchan works in the Mail Room at the Heights.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Worth knowing ...
Next week the people of the Isthmus will get their
annual reminder to be fire conscious. Fire Prevention
Week begins Sunday and continues through Saturday.
Posters, TV shows, lectures and demonstrations to
units throughout the Company-Government organi-
zations will serve to educate the grownups. Children
will learn about Fire Prevention Week through con-
tests in each classroom in the first through sixth grades;
the winners of these classroom contests will be given
certificates that they are Honorary Fire Marshals.
Both children and grownups will be invited to attend
a special demonstration during the week at the Pan-
ama Stadium. The program for Fire Prevention Week
has been developed by the Joint Fire Prevention Week
Committee, consisting of the Canal Zone Fire Di-
vision, the Fire Prevention Units of the Army, Navy,
Air Force, and the Cuerpo de Bomberos of Panama.
Two new standard-type harbor tugs with 1,800 horse-
power engines, will be purchased this fiscal year by
the Panama Canal Company. One will be used by
the Dredging Division and the other by the Naviga-
tion Division. The two new tugs are in addition to a
special purpose, 2,400 horsepower tugboat on which
bids are already being solicited by the Panama Canal
Company. This tugboat, designed by Thomas D.
Bowes, New York naval architect and engineer, will
be used by the Navigation Division in Gaillard Cut.
The problem of skin cancer, common among light skin-
ned, blue-e.'ed people who make their homes in the
tropics is being studied by the Canal Zone Health
Bureau and plans are being made to conduct a survey
among Canalt employees who spend a major part of
their working day in the open air. A medical team,
headed by Dr. A. W. McFadden, Dermatologist at
Gorgas Hospital, will set up stations sometime this
month in such areas of employee concentration as the
Canal Locks, the Terminal Buildings, and the In-
dustrial Areas on both sides of the Isthmus. Doctor
McFadden will examine any employee who volunteers
and if evidence of skin cancer is found, an appoint-
ment will be made for laboratory tests and medical
treatment. If skin cancers discovered early, hospital
Treatment is usually limited to visits to the Out-Patient
Clinic, Healtlt authorities pointed out.
It will be a lot more comfortable soon for patients
waiting to see a doctor in the Gorgas Hospital Out-
Patient Clinic. Air conditioning of that section, which
includes the blood bank and the laboratory-located in
Section. A, is to be completed by the last part of Oc-
tober. The work which began there earlier this year
also included the installation of a suspended ceiling
and fluorescent lighting in the waiting room. Air con-
ditioning also will 'be completed in October in the
main office of the Industrial Division at Mount Hope.
Who's the frosting
PFC Cerald L. Cleicli and Gra\ Lad Illenrietta ile\iq sample a
cookie from the o en iii the Red Cros, louine at Corea, Ho.pital.
NMrs. Veda Pence and her handicraft brihtlien da\s for patients
in the Chest Section. She has giien hundreds of hours of ser ice.
on the Zone hospitals' cake?
'ARE YOU DIZZY \\lin you r.ise- \.nr hea.d?l" the
doctor asked the man lying in i the Gorgas Hos.,pital
bed. For a split second, the patient jiut sta rd at him
Then lie heard the qutiestiii ii fil thiis time iin his
ownV language. Hi falce liglitecd up ailid lie ht-'g.t to
talk, poi.iriiig ,io t i \ l tri t i.ng i-i s\ niptmll .- a.lmoist
too fa't for the intritprn-trr to kee-p Lip \\ithi hIim.
The ilnti-lrpitel tlhat d.I\ \\ .is Nlr C(.rd Cordoii,
one i.,f tlIe 51 Cra\ L.-dle- \ hIo tgi e more tliaii 7.I1.10
hours ,f \,ihliiiteer enr\ ice C..ah \CLI. tl" Cora'. Hi,_s-
pital aiid its patients. Lit.1- a iii fii:,l:.r t tli- \oulli.iti rs.
Slr%. Gord1 1) i fllent iln e\trail l.a iio.iias. \\Vllr sIie-
finiJ-Id hl ir 12-h)iur c'u.irsie of Ili d C(-is Cr.t\ Lad\
trainijiijU. she clhoe interpretinii .is te o,)f the ir\ ices
she \\i.ild like to gi\kc at Gornas.
Not all of tle Gra\ Ladiet arei as talented linguist-
ieall as Mirs. Gordiin is, but (IL.I las I i-une special
field in \l hiel sihe does best and to) \\hilch she is as-
Gra\ Ladie, trundle bookearts to nard, and rooms. Below. Mrs. Gra' Ladies bring rreretion to patient,. SP-4 R. B. Stahl. in
H. J. Quinlan helps PFC W\illiam ellsls chiooe reading matter. bed. and Cpl. \\. C. Leister enio, a game w ith lii, Thmlii,.
10 THE P.\ 31M C\I.L RF\[E\W
Mrs. Virginia Barber of Albrook, above, receives her cap from
Miss Beatrice Simonis, the Gorgas Hospital Nursing Service Director
Miss Rosita Thoms, for instance, is the sort of person
who has a gift for cheering people up, and her speci-
ality is recreation work. She serves as hostess at ward
parties, teaches crafts, helps ambulatory patients bake
cookies in the diminutive kitchen in the Red Cross
lounge, or wields an expert popcorn shaker. The pa-
tients-and Miss Thoms-have a wonderful time.
Nor does she restrict her activities to Gorgas Hos-
pital where she is one of the leaders of Gray Ladies
in the number of volunteer hours-683 last year for
her. In her spare time, she also serves as a volunteer
at the Santo Tomas Hospital del Nifio.
The service provided by the Gray Ladies at Gorgas
and Coco Solo Hospitals and by the Gray Ladies and
Gray Men at Corozal Hospital has been described as
the "icing on a hospital's cake." These volunteers, 79
in all, offer the morale-building attention which busy
doctors and nurses do not have the time to give.
The volunteers visit patients, sometimes just to talk.
They write letters for those who cannot handle pen
The Gorgazette, a monthly, is put out by the Gray Ladies. Mrs. Gray I
Anona Kirkland interviews Dr. Julieta Burda, an optometrist. Mary P
.-N 1, Z
Miss, Dorothy Powell gets her 75-hour stripe for service
from Mrs. Tina Feierlein, the Volunteer Services Chairman.
or pencil, read to those who cannot see. They play
games with or teach crafts to others who are a bit more
mobile. They wheel cartfuls of books from bed to bed
in a perambulating library service, serve as escorts for
They shop for the hospital patients; one Gray Lady
was delegated to buy a complete winter wardrobe for
a merchant seaman who was being sent back home.
They entertain youngsters in the children's ward, con-
duct bingo games, or serve as hostesses for parties in
the various wards or in the Red Cross lounges. And,
as an extension of the service which the Red Cross
offers in other hospitals, the Gorgas Gray Ladies also
work in the hospital clinics and in the Chest Section.
Few of the Canal Zone's Gray Ladies, or Gray Men,
are able to spend as much time as volunteers as Miss
Thoms does but there are a good many who proudly
wear the red stripe for 75 hours of volunteer service
in a year. Some of the Gorgas Hospital volunteers
have to fit that service in after business hours.
Ladies perform various services in the Gorgas clinics.
. Langalis is assigned to duty in the obstetrical clinic.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
SDuring the past
\\ liT DOE' THE Pr.ESEN(E iof tile Panamal C.anal organization
in the Canal Zone milean to tli- Republic oit Panlama.
ii tlnis 11 doll.lrs-anidl-ci:nts it lmeanit. dlitinig the p.i'st
fiscal \ear. ditect benefits ot i$24.ilifl.1.11.i 1 t l tih Repi.Itlilic's
gro, iii Iconorni\ and iiunc united hui.ndrL'd-, of tli,_,i.isands of
dollars I!, i!ndireict bi-ni fits.
H-c[ rIesentii!ng aIn ilItlease of OhI a1.1:1 1one-,Ui.iaitet millii)-n do-l-
l.ils oN- .r r the pie die g \A.ait. tlie h-grtre of ,'l 2 11(i.ii.1..i1.1 i,
ril.i : tip tof actual di tct e.x.pi-nclti.iisc on tlhe )pat iof thl.
C..InipaiI -( :\ (.~ l iilnmeit.
It is bv no meatis ant all-inclusi' tabulation. It do.-s not
iinclde the l i 1 S J 31 11 ii:)l ; anlnuit- fro!i th lit : u td Staties t l tlhe
(Col',ellinent of Panamia. tihe p.a\i ol!s o(t othei Unitcd Statues
(-Col\erlnllimnlt agenIciCes iin theL Canal Zoi.,1. the purchase s il
P.aini.i h these agencies nor t_,hose o Ctinal Zure families ..
It dcios include th,: Comlpalini-Co\ eri\ nl it pa\ il!s iof tlihe i
\ I -hos \\%uagcs aie tied to- C(anal Zni e rates. tihe imonet\ \alue
it C lorinpanl\-C-ui ernment contracts hleeld I b\ Incal fi l s., t..
iJst -f constrLu tihi ia'lr ials bo lii ht il Pali;nlla Ih\ the Coil-
pan ii\-,l\irmneit and th e ailunit spt in the R.public for
conisulmeh r ,ood., and se 'crie.
B\ far the lai-gest of these sibcli ,iions is the- $1T.3(I1).i.Sl
pa\ oll t 'r the applOx;nill.AtzI i(1.i,11 iI ienr ard i oiifll i i \i Ii.),:eI
salari-5 s are ba-td (in Canal Zone rat,:. The llajorit of these
', .- .. .,... i' % .'.- .
lob' for hundred' of workerss "ere available through man; contracts
Ii In 1 ,.s in the Repu blic i.f P.iiiania iAid mucii uLt thil
tak--l um i- p.\ 'o s into sh.I[lr. f,-d.l othiir' ad oth,- tl ar-
tit ls t dia\ -ti-da\ l !i\ iing, T iish.- u a Ih. aie citizr-iis of Pai,.lina
p .I ll.1:,.,1t tIl t:, ti e R11 -p7 i h,:. \\ !ibthCl :r l.,'r ll -t tllCA li\ e
li i tlte ('.m.l Z.,n,: ThIs \,-ar's pa.inol fii.m e x: c :eds
b li\ li ltl, \ o\,r .$101-1.111 ) tl,. pair, l t,: tl.se epl,.)\\:es fur
the[ pr,_%i.:.us hfisla \,eal.
The iicxt l.ir,..st sil. lit bd ision of thle .24.ii)(1 .110ii iii tli.ct
b,_ifits toII Pa .tnia' e \.,-,onn 1om-1es 11umn contiILkts .\i\ arcled
b\ t,1 Coii iipaI\ -(;o erinireirit D.iiI i lnt thi'. past Fiscal V (:ar
,'rk b\ iO-L. c-.ntra,: trs tuitalecl a little o er s 0, l .i ) .ii
.about $'l.110l.01 di. f l2,1her thatn fiscal d \a 195lS.
Ot thl-i' Fi C pitatl-.ist- u. ti,:Lti n (orAir.: tt for C Iii p.i ,\ f-Co; -
-rnient \aork a\' ar,.l. clldlrinz tlh past f'is'c l \ e.ar, all biut thleii
mi:nt t.-, !ueal hi ins Tljhe\ totailld, ,inmo : \ \: lue. $ 7-. K. .i
L'cail (,:niitiactoi \\A i -r. ils J t-lii ;;.l i:.r. l lini tlie past fiscal
\.lr oni 26 of ti:l 29 jobs chi liit d o :r f\l :mi thle pri.An.i s ', I hs.
\ >h .p r,
In addition to thi capitcal-conistruction pR oicts. tie Cor,-ii
pan) -1-oM ,riin it ,:.iganr,.atirn a\,iard,:d l .36 s,-ia!l,:cl "> ..p- -
ation..," contracts dutl in fiscal \.ar 19'9. .\l' of thest,. \%llclh
had a mone\ \a lu, ,o $6i591:100. \'.ert-re icld bI\ lica! hiis.
Eilihteen "OpLi.ations" contracts \'ie c.arlied 1,.cr fiomn the
prei\ iouS \ ar
iF',iting.d the pliini ip.1l work under thll- "operations" cate-
'I.\. iicl.ded an .oper-end contract f.:,r the i iitriur paintings.
u .t Aiiuarters. at a tOLtal c st -t $165 700(.
Last \ear firms v. iclh held Comnipari -Co: ieimeiint con-
tract, eiplo\ed\ alout 1 0 ,ei Ihio live in Panama a.nd
spn.d th:ir nion,,.\ in tihe R-p,.lUic.
here is no h, i est imte ..n thle a-,lnlit sp.rnt b\ Lont\.lla -
tor onr ic.nstruction atelia l ,tain -. .d in P.,inia. bDuri,' tl,
paIst fiscal \cal, the Co-p, ani -Go, ,:in int oimeanization. ho -.\-
e,.<-r. did "pt-nd '229.960 in Panama on ,10 ltl iails .iuchl as
... .. ,
iis remodeling of a NaN barrack' into the new Cristobal High School.
0L.'-r-it. Loilicti proldu.icts. lumbei. pivv.ood, tiles, bh ick. etc.
\id vl, he th,-\ ari not piouduccd in, Panama. such it,-ms as
staiilh '4s st.-el tables and Labincts, irn giill:voik, and mnill-
\',..ik i lik do(1t1 anld Ilor frames i are assebhleid in the
P..-1it. li,:i t ii pi>lii.CuiSe-d thetie for C.iial Z,-- coi,,tttuctionl
I.-efiihts to Pan.tina's -conloml is the purchase of consumer
Ceods and se i>,:.s in the LRepublic. Last \car. these purihl.ases
t,-,tallcd $1.4-91.l79. approximately\ 'v .3.1l0 more than during
the p,. i:,ons \eai.
1liasm11111.1 as sucI.h pu I a.ri l'i.-s include meats, siaLo'd.is, s.ugar.
I'r eaei. us. t.-,ilet articles. aut.:'inobilet paits and supplies, as
"'.ll as mran\ J ,tli-t >.irnlar items. th,\ ha\e a di,.ect effect on
t!h. agricuiltlial ,and (. or _i!.iial life of thle R>-public.
.A t.-.tA ot $li955 i16l of the *$1.491.979 w\Aent to bul, food
a,1d 1. ...l pi.:iducts in Panaila. Outstanding ani'll-'g these \\eie
"') 23 clozen c'ns \uith .i-171.-191-ciiouilh to makl:a- good
Iiaci\ mrhl7ttev-. -i c .\-i\ iian. \n'.o-niani and child in tlh- (._ai-
al. Z-,It... Tih- p.i ,r .\ea t i --I puiclii ses alii a st ikiriZ inclica-
t'l.,in I. thit gioW'. th Of s:in'e .,t PFanalla iindulshies. Thie\ v. ere
Jl11i.'st do1ulle those of tile peie ious \e.i aiund almost 25 times
tlih : of iil\' f e '.ars iaLo.
Or`n.-1i iiia ur foi.d. ptili.lses during the past fiscal \ar
1.-1 1.122915S pounds r.f chilled beef, at a total cost of
Si1.762.- *l.,1_9 puri..ds( of sugar'. \orth $189.261: and
-lSli.Alll11 poutilnds If ble-ii's 0 iain.h used for cattle feed, north h
'7T j211. .\dditi:i!iial ira.,ii p.ircliases b\ tile Comllpani -Go(.)\-
1i11iiniit :.,'a1hizati.nl duirin the paj t fiscal \:ar inclucid dcl
I..- era,.s ,-.th $1.33 '51s. toilt artiicles iwoithi -25,907, and
.iili..ii' biib l paits and ti]i'phl s, iincludiig batteries, o\ilth
TO PANAMA OF
AsideC fi-rom thi-s,: dll'Clt c\pl:nditu.res, there is no \- a\ of
au.ratel tabulating the manl-\ huni.dleds of thousands of
dollars whichh flu % into the Rcpliblici frumil the pitAatc buinTI,
-f thl.. p:,ople hI..i: live in their Caanal Zo,.ne and fiom thrir irn-
di\idually 1r11plo)i inl. maids arlu d g.il'deners fhomi Pianamia.
Thile -.1iI ,of :\ Ci alutmI:iii bile or a.ir ..lditio.i r. striic of
pealls o lb).,ttle of irfill:!l _. s uitO cI t orpla.e setting ,of
il ii Iian-- 1 a p.i.fit toiI a Pa.nai.i bu. i s1ii rsmnI. \\ihen a CLan-
.,l Z wone Lim Ilh b.\s ; irpIlarne ticket,, c0 n'ik,-s t a l a,- ranIa! ,-
in ,ts in th. R>p,.l,!i>. \lhi a larMi has dinner at at Pain-
ama restauiant whin u._,n,,_e bu\s ltt,-, tickets oi liquor.
thi,, mni, \ ..-es to bolttel Panama's ec,'nom\.
.And there aeir- otl-i indiiect benefits, too. Each \ear. ap-
p,,o\irmate!.\ 4.2ii.i fo rmel ,mphle.ces ,f tle Co ,par -Go o-.,-
tiImI .nt, moI- st of C1. hom li ii r t!e- Republic. cIa\% a total of
F,1 *.111 1 1 iii, disabilii ,-hr- pa., rient:. This mione, is sp,:it
I a ll ,_.t lhn.L. ta! iiI;,I!c .
(-.,;,i:'! -C,, ,',-rr el ,i~t b,_,,,ks sh,-)'. in loffihla! pe:. ditures.
Thewe machine. in the Pa.roll Branch process checks for o'er 10.000
Conipan-C;o\ernment elmplo.oee, \hhoe 'iageQ' are baied on C. Z. rates.
12 THE P.\ANAMA CANAL REl\IER\
Titr PN.\AM\ CUN AL REX1E\ W 13
EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between August 15 and Sep-
tember 15 are listed below. Within-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
James E. Harrell, Richard C. Hogan, to
Finance Branch Superintendent.
Division of Schools
Aston M. Parchment, to Senior High
Principal, Latin American Schools.
Mrs. Thelma N. Scott, to Clerk-Typing.
Mrs. Frances J. Coffey, Clerk (Typing),
transferred from Power Conversion Project.
Carlos M. Antioco, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Heavy Laborer.
David A. Speir, to Senior High School
Ruby G. Williams, Mrs. Elenor V. S.
Edwards, to Clerk-Typist.
Agatha A. Linton, Kenneth Drayton, to
Locker Room Attendant.
Joan A. Lynch, to Heavy Laborer.
Millicent T. Fredericks, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Mrs. Dorothy B. Huff, to Transporta-
tion Loss and Damage Claims Examiner,
Fred L. Raybourne, from Theater Usher,
Supply Division, to Time, Leave and Pay-
roll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Kathleen M. McGuigan, to Administra-
tive Services Officer, Office of the Comp-
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
William L. Brooks, from Administrative
Assistant, Power Conversion Project, to
Contract Administrator, Balboa Bridge
Julian S. Hearne, from Supervisory Gen-
eral Engineer, Engineering Division, to
Dredging Supervisor, Dredging Division.
Contract and Inspection Division
Charles M. Brandl, from Civil Engineer,
Engineering Division, to Project Engineer.
Frank H. Robinson, Engineering Aid,
transferred from Meteorological and Hy-
Bremer L. Jorstad, from Electrician,
Dredging Division, to Electrical Equip-
Kenneth George, to Painter.
Leonidas W. Urriola, to Helper Welder.
Winston V. Bell, to Accounting Clerk.
August 15 through September 15
Marvin J. Banton, to Supervisory Gen-
Norman L. Randall, Jr., to Structural
Office of Director
Mrs. Faye C. Minton, to Administrative
Mrs. Gloria L. Pierre, to Clerk-Typist.
Mrs. June A. Brenneman, Virginia E.
Dignam, to Staff Nurse (Medicine and
Division of Sanitation
Margarito Murillo, to Decontaminating
Jose N. Fuentes, from Palancaman, Me-
teorological and Hydrographic Branch, to
Thomas B. McAndrews, to Pilot-in-
Edgar C. Springer, to File Clerk.
Gilberto Escobar, to Clerk-Typist.
Raymond A. Nesbitt, from Substitute
Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Marine
Richard L. Pennington, to Lead Fore-
Elmer J. Moolchan, from Signalman,
Navigation Division, to Welder.
John Jackman, to Stockman.
Amable G. Palma, to Helper Lock Op-
Mortimer L. Scantlebury, Malcolm N.
Francis, to Stock Control Clerk.
Alejandro Gerald, Cecil J. Dutton, to
Maria Q. Suazo, from Clerk-Typist, Ca-
nal Zone Central Employment Office, to
Clerk-Dictating Machine Transcriber.
Employment and Utilization
Gloria M. Rodriguez, to Clerk-Typist.
Olga Y. Johnston, to Appointment Clerk.
Gladys E. Chang, from Clerk-Typist,
Housing Branch, to Clerk-Dictating Ma-
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Alfred L. Curtis, to Sales Clerk, Sales
and Service Branch.
Clifford A. Springer, to Waiter, Hotel
TRANSPFORT.\TION AND TERMINALS
Motor Tran.portatioi Dixision
\lamice L. MIcCulloIugh. t. bSiupen ir :r
I, !**,, I .l .,rII _-_ r. ti.r. O fl,.:,- r
C litton 0. Ba t.:e t .. Cl7 ll. iur
Terminals Di iiion
l.ionel J. Duni an. I. t Lc..ler HIn-h LIift
'I r,.,-k O r-., i It..r
Segundo M1. Zambrano. ti, \ jii:hmin..
Philip A. Hale. Jr.. t.:. Supi' r. :.r. Car.o
'\. -t Hl it
D)Iu .IIn Rook. t.:. L ..ij.l.r St '. -l ore
P i), I)TIiON '. I *h_! i* 111\1h. \., Li 11h 1-
. ,t It l. h.,l.i.i
Clara A. Zaipponi. Niur,._ tr ip-...r.
( .,,i -iH:,,[,;t..
.Albeit S. Adamni. Ernc .,..-riL, .A.d. \le-
t,.r. ,l cl,. II i id: H '.dr' r 'ip!iic BRrjii.,.
NMr.. Adelle \%. Cooper. S,..i'.c- Ce.-it.-r
Siu p. -ri i...r. 1 1!,. .ii,.l S.r' ie Br !.1ii .
Ed" ard H. Benren. IM irn, TIr lf-. C..n-
r N tic ... D .iiI:cin
IMr,.. Ila el V \\elb%. Puhbl. II.. ..It
,u,..: .,,:r:.r-\' ll..,.pnitl.
".h.- 1. IIi ,, ..p t i hler t... rhi: ..l!,,. ." ,l.1 -'
,it.... r- .r. l !
],; -. ,.1 |i : *I .._I ,.:, n. ,:l t!,e r tuturi .
Ca I C. Breitenbach. NRe-. York. Cer.ral
,,For, an, D.,ikn,, a.n.d.. Liricnd,',kih,. Ter-
:mi ,[l-. D,,.,im:,n: 12 i-s. 6 inotls. 2S
d:\ .. h a, D e,.,. C ii[.
NMurel L. Dodd. Oklai.:. n.l. Lta.,d F...rq-
:,ii,. r,,:,.l CrsiitrLuctioQ! Ml -inter,..ir..e D i-
\,i ..i, ly9 .-_irs. ':1 nmontid I d L.. Pr, qcct
\\alter 1\ Fo\. T,. -, Aut..n...t~ l M\la-
ihn. l .:,t:,r l r.,T t:,..rrat~ .-,n D i\i'l:,L,. IS
1,:.tr i, !,m ], .S ,.i. .,' M I i j. -'I.i
Nr,. Thelma b. Rand. NI.:h, Ii.i NuIsI
Snprtr\ ..r (.; i.: s H,-..pi-dl .4 %t rs. 5
2it h JS ..I 1 r rF 0i, -1! 1 .. 1 ,r' I .th 1n1us.
Loui, T. StIhuibern. N.' \... rk PipEitt, r
l ..i.ii tjil D ., ,-,* 1 .. 5 ,n....ntl, 2S
I.,,I M \ \ itt. T...- h,_p ir ... Fo:.r.-
r T, I',ni D .i',i..ri. n 2 r.r. -I d :
Harold I. Zierten. \l,.i.r.-..t .. t..I .t
' .. T.: ip .. B .!I..... H i. S.: .. ..11. 30 \.,..r,
1'r F'.-t r iiihre Fl.W
14 THL PAN.,.MA CANAL RE\'IEW'
Cyril D. Atherley
As a clerk in the Balboa Port Captain's office,
he makes daily reports on ship traffic. After
working hours he is active in Boy Scouting
and Civic Council work.
Gaspar G. Paredes
He was born in Panama City; has never work-
ed for any other Canal unit except what are
now known as the retail stores. He now is
Stock Foreman in the Furniture Pools In-
W. H. Esslinger
W. H. Esslinger, Chief Hydrographer in charge of the
Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch, has been an-
swering weather questions for 30 years. But water is his
major preoccupation-water translated into reliable facts
for the safe transit of ships from ocean to ocean, as well
as to meet all Canal Zone needs. Mr. Esslinger was born
in Gurley, Ala. He worked with the U. S. Weather Bureau
at Broken Arrow, Okla., and New Orleans, La., before
his service with the Panama Canal Company began in
Office of the
Herman C. Bayne
Malcolm B. Perch
Launcelot A. Peat
Supply and Community
John J. McCalla
Sales Section Head
Frank E. Barnett
Lucille V. Nelson
David D. Facey
Uriah W. Jones
Gordon H. Thompson
Chief Foreman, Fuel
Urville W. Wallace
Vivian M. Stewart
Lock Operator Helper
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Civil Affairs Bureau
Claude M. Aycock
Elementary and Secondary
Swimming Pool Operator
Gladston M. Taylor
Curtis B. Darden
Office of the
Maenner B. Huff
Eduardo C. King
Rupert L. Bovell
Albert W. Bramwell
Isaac A. Price
Donald C. Parker
John M. Adonican
Agnes E. Hannigan
Lillie W. Wood
Robert D. Kelly
Cleveland A. Dennis
Lock Operator Helper
George J. Booth
Hopeton W. Simms
Ephraim J. Bonnette
F. G. Mitchell
Lock Operator Helper
Alfred C. Blackman
M. DeJ. Chiquilani
Lloyd A. Gilkes
John F. Meehan
Frank J. Dolan
Harry F. Willenbrock
Charles J. Sorrell
C. T. Swearingen
Seymour A. Price
New York Operations
Andrew H. Page
Lawrence G. Hofmann
Harris W. Hardy
Frank E. C. Thompson
George M. Clarke
Herbert G. Kelly
Martin L. McNaughton
Harold L. Titus
Ariff O. Ennever
Stephen H. Roach
Augustus C. George
Gordon O. Small
Jose A. Griffith
F. C. Treleaven
Paint and Varnish Maker
Water Meter Reader
Supply and Community
Winston S. Johnson
Ivan K. Wade
Service Station Operator
Victor E. Bailey
Fitz H. Grant
George M. Standard
THE SAFETY ZONE
WHILE spF',r1E:.IEN iI')O)T f'lI the moon,
Americ.a r .i l tllhh-iif : 11: I -.ttlin a super-
octane tr.aL k to. tl \~ a tr B. the time
they launch jet-styled boats, don water
skis, "lungs," and goggles and grab fish
spears, they look like something space-
men might meet on the moon. But
they're having fun.
Biggest boon to the outboard skipper
who can't afford, doesn't want or can't
have a mooring spot for his craft is the
boat trailer. It will get his boat from the
back yard to the water. If you are now
-or plan to be-an outboard skipper,
you should know these basic facts of
A Perfect Match
MATCH YOUR TRAILER to your boat and
your car. Look for the Outboard Boating
Club of America weight capacity rating
and if your boat comes within 100
pounds of it, for added safety, get the
next larger trailer. Remember, you'll
probably load your boat with a motor,
luggage and extra gear.
Equipping And Loading
CHECK YOUR TRAILER with requirements
of the Canal Zone vehicle laws, par-
ticularly with regard to lights, brakes
and safety chains or cables.
How TO GET your boat trailer hitched
without later losing it on a hill or down
a river bank.
For maximum safety use a frame
hitch instead of a bumper hitch. The
Society of Automotive Engineers re-
commends use of frame hitch for
trailers with a gross weight over 2,000
pounds, but says a bumper hitch is ad-
equate for trailers under that weight.
YEAR TO DATE
All couplings should be c I,: I\
mounted by bolting, welding ii \ .t-
ing. Don't take a chance on a ni.,-k-
The SAE also recomm-nlils tlh.t
couplings be equipped witl lia.i:i
locks which won't come apai t d iii i.
travel, and that the hitch be J.i .ici, ..i
so it can be disconnected ]-,'...lI.-1
of angle of trailer to towing \I:!._hl.
(This is the first of a two part ... s ,.n
small boat safety.)
50 Years Ago
DESPITE the heaviest rainfall in the Cut
since work began, excavation of the
Panama Canal passed the halfway mark
50 years ago this month, when the
87,494,537 cubic-yard mark was reach-
ed. At Empire there were 21.23 inches
of rain during the month; Pedro Miguel
had 10.55 inches in 10 days; Cristobal
was drenched with 6.03 inches in a little
over an hour and a half. At Cucaracha
one workman was killed and seven
others stunned when lightning hit the
signal tower, and at Ancon the heavy
rains started a slide below the new rock-
crushing plant on the west slope of the
25 Years Ago
IN a surprise maneuver, 88 ships of the
United States Navy, ranging from air-
craft carriers to submarines, converged
on Cristobal for immediate transit late
in October 1934. Led by the cruiser
Dallas, the fleet began to transit less
than two hours after arrival in Limon
Bay. Although there were heavy fogs in
the Cut and minor accidents at the
Locks-where the carriers Lexington and
Saratoga bowled over three lampposts
apiece-the fleet finished the transit in
10 Years Ago
PRESIDENT Harry S. Truman si2i,_.id t', i-
bills 10 years ago this month -1C.,, Id:Iie
pay raises for several hundred I'.11a.m.
Canal employees. Due for hi.'l-i! s:l-
aries as of November 1 were ,.Li.ilhtLd
employees, firemen, policem-i .,i.:
A fleet of trucks shuttled 1-aI:. aid
forth between Balboa Heights il'l il,.
Civil Affairs Building on OcTr..l., 27,
1949, as the Canal Zone Libra: ,i n, .,. d
its 100,000 volumes to their ne,. i ,,
One Year Ago
SOME 9,000 non-U.S. citizen e:rpl! :.. :
were blanketed into Civil Servi.... r, t.n -
ment a year ago this month. At rlir c ,ir,
time the last of 4,600 retiremeir- rii .-l
the 20-year old Disability R.-i.-t .1.:t
16 THE PANAMA CANAL RE IE \
..... . .. ....... 1. .. .
. wh^A'Shfv^. ... .rr..*.'.../' t. I, S^^f.-r.^. /. .^Rfr~6iw&. ^^ w.>A
This, is lic third and last of a series of
aitil..'s on thi. Turbulent Fifties, the
Jtinai de cade bitwircen fiscal fcar.s
19.50 oird 196(. Again this month tlhe
storl is told iiostly u itli pictiucs-this
tune on the capital improvements of
the past ten years, particularly those on
the waterway itself.
THE TURBULENT FIFTIES were
not only a time of innovations, some not
always welcome, and of transitions;
they were also a period of expedited
improvements of most of the elements
that make up our existence. At no time
since the end of the construction period
has so much money been laid out in a
ten year period as it was during the
past decade. Much of this spending was
due to the age and decrepitude of quar-
ters and facilities which dated back to
the construction days.
Between fiscal years 1950 and 1960,
the Canal organization spent $86 mil-
lion on capital improvements.
In layman's language, a capital im-
provement is a major expenditure which
results in some betterment. It differs
from maintenance in that the latter
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17
Icdeans simply keeping what \ouJ ha\e
in, woiknJli older.
.X new kcar is a capital imnplaiemnent
foi the ajVragc family. So are new
curtains foi the living room. A paint
job on the old car. to keep it from being
eaten up by rust or to improve its ap-
pearance, is not. Neither is a dye job
on the faded old curtains.
A capital improvement, a little more
technically, is something which has the
effect of increasing the capacity, effi-
ciency, span of life, or economy of
operation of an existing fixed asset and
which brings improved morale.
This immense outlay of money paral-
leled the greatest increase in traffic in
the Panama Canal's history. During the
fiscal year which ended last June 30,
this figure had jumped to 9,718-an
increase of approximately 78 percent.
It was natural, then, that many of these
$86 million should go into capital im-
provements for the waterway itself
(page 18) and the Locks (page 20).
Ships were getting bigger and bigger
and from all indications they are con-
tinuing to do so. Bigger ships need
more room for safe sailing. Together,
bigger ships and more ships meant that
the Paiima Canal. and especially the
Cut. %was going to have to be widened
aid tu a ijhtened and turned into a two-
Much o: the Locks equipment wis
obsolete. Some of its c-ranes, for in-
stance, were of the 1912 vintage. Cor-
rosion was threatening metallic struc-
tures. Something had to be done to
permit the periodic overhauls to be ac-
complished in much less than the time
they had previously taken.
Many of the Canal's buildings had
had no major improvements since the
Canal was first opened to traffic, or
soon thereafter. Streets were too narrow
for the increasing traffic. Sewage sys-
tems needed a thorough going-over.
Capital expenditures can cover a
multitude of things. The 1955 budget
included two typical items: Widening
of a portion of Gaillard Cut to 500 feet
at a cost of $1,213,300, and the replace-
ment of a sterilizer and hot water heater
for the Division of Veterinary Medicine
at a cost of $50.
Whatever the amount of the capital
expenditure, it meant, in some way,
better operating and working and living
conditions for the Canal force.
.. > .. .. .'"
ft. .......... ..,V.:, .... .,... *^^X~.*.^^v.'.w^' rsSSS.'iuvi^A^, .
Speed% steps were necessary when : .'. ''.. '
a deep crack was discovered -i "'f '
on Contractors Hill 4 ._4. .. .Z
during the Turbulent Fifties. x 4
The hill was terraced V. 'a'
''!: '-^' 5
and some %"ideninz done ?" 4''
at a cost of $4,000,000. "' ., '. .. ', *
S: ,., h .. .
ecade. rede bulldo rs
.. .. "" ,' ,
String the r e ater to a
te $0 ~~0, 0-00 .. h, e reen t ,,Foin- traffic.
"As th Fiftihe Canal. t4
grading was going on.-.f'.' .... during he a ino:a
S 4 4. A .. .,' ,
. . "
'4. :. r .
the $20o,00,00 bridge.
across the Canal.-... ,,, ,. h',, .. 5,, i 5
grading was going on. .
:''"-ll'"u ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~H *. yr."dr(C ldti rldzr
kw;- r.r"V R**+B-
THE TURBULENT FIFTIES
The Fifties were an active period.
The piers got new cargo equipment.
Big shovels worked on excavation.
ALTHOUGH MANY OF THE capital improvements to the
waterway proper are not obtrusive, anyone who transits the Pan-
ama Canal these days can see that things have been going on.
He might not know that part of the Cristobal anchorage has
been deepened to 40 feet-a $2,475,000 project-or that the elec-
trical distribution system on the piers at Cristobal and Balboa
las been modernized-another $1 million or so-or that the piers
had new cargo-handling equipment-at a cost of some $125,000,
but he could see that the Canal itself has been and is still being
widened in its most obviously narrow spots. And at the Pacific
end, even the most casual observer can now trace out the line of
the $20 million high level bridge.
The Turbulent Fifties saw the end of a Canal improvement
project which dated back to 19:31, although in a sense this pro-
ject is now continuing. It called for the widening to 500 feet of
Culebra Reach in Gaillard Cut to eliminate danger from slides
and provide increased maneuverability for shipping. During the
first part of the past decade expenditures on this project (which
cost in all approximately $18 million) totalled close to $4 million.
Another $4 million was spent, in the mid-fifties, to cut back
the steep rock face of Contractors Hill which was in imminent
danger of breaking off and toppling into the Canal far below.
As ship traffic increased during the Turbulent Fifties far beyond
any estimates, it became evident that immediate steps would
have to be taken to enable the Canal to handle more and bigger
ships. In 1958 and 1959. over $1,600,000 was budgeted for the
removal of the Paraiso Curve, one of the trickiest sections of the
Canal, and another $L:350,000 went into the 1959 budget for a
mooring station at Paraiso.
As the Turbulent Fifties ended, additional improvements were
underway. These included a system of lighting in the Cut which
would allow for night transit of practically all vessels, a new
ship traffic control system, and drilling preparatory for further
widening of the narrow reaches of the Cut. At Contractors Hill,
contractors were again cutting back the nigged face of the hill
while near the Canal level equipment as big as six-cubic yard
bucket shovels and a 12-cubic yard dredge were at work on the
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
THE TURBULENT FIFTIES
INASMUCH AS TIE Panama Canal Locks
quite appropriately hold the key to Canal traffic,
a good part of the $36 million spent on capital
improvements in the pa~t years tha gone to these
stairsteps over the mountains. Other than the dis-
appear:ane oft the emergency dams, an original
parUt 4f the Locks, fe\w uf these improvements
As the Turbtient Fifties began. tie Locks were
just embarking on a si'-vear, 85 million program
to modernize their eletrical distribution systems.
For the most part. the transformed's, high oltage
mid protr-ti\ve equipment dated hack to the open-
ing of the Canal. Much was obsolete and replace-
merit parts unatail.ble. This project ; as begun
in 1949. conipltted in 1955.
Another major expenditure for the Locks was
the replacement of the vehicular crossing at
Catun. Designed originally to accommodate a
limited number of official vehicles, it became, as
the years went by, a bridge for anyone who
wantedd to cross and an important link with Colon
for the people of such villages is Salud and Pifia.
In 1953. at a cost of approximately S-200.000 the
old c'ossiini was replaced by swinging spans.
The same n ear. the Locks Division was au-
thorized to spend $600,000) on ten 20-ton craues
to replace 13 suLcl- machines, some of v which were
ovi 40 vearrs old.
In the mid-fifties, the Locks began what was
known as Phase 1 of a program to speed up tran-
sits during overhaul. This three-year, $7.S0,01.10
pro',i am bhi.gan in 1954. It provided means for
unowatering and oC erli:oiling %al\es in the center
wall cu\h ert wlile both locks were in use. When
it "\as completed it increLased the dependable
capacit- of tle Locks by six lockages a day.
One of the more costly of the Locks improve-
ments. during the past ten years, w as the con-
versirn of all frequenLtc-sensitive machinery for
60)-c cle- current. The job. started in 1!1956 and
just completed. cost in the neighborhood of
As the decade euded, t\wo other major improve-
mrints N r ere aibo nt to become a reality. Bids were
asked for more powerful to;\ ing locomotives and
for daL lighting for the Locks, to permit 2--hour
l *i OE .
*-A; !. fix
4.. i I..ts4 i. .
..;* i t. ....A
.., .. .*. .,(, .-,-.- 4'* '
,." ... ,-. *,., '..' -.
i^- l*. Yi i- r '. *:" '* 4E*%L
.. .H. . . -.
4," 4,414 *'il .' '
Pliw like thi, intallled in the culhert at the Lock speed up the
oierhaul. intrea'in_ the dependable (apa it. h\ si ',c';el, per day.
09sj4"r ** *. A
... . .. ,4,, ,... ..- 1.444
..4.v,' .,.... . t: H. Y C.
The old icht'hkiii"ro.%in2 at Catun Lock, "sas replaced b'v inging
qpani' one of iihit h iheine .cet into it4. plate h.i a Ipo"en'itl crane.
,* I** 01 ;~~b~C~~~r;
~;* L~i *~* *i*~.lr : N
I v i~7~.
A 0611** 1
Theold Chitilr ro4np atCaun ock asrepacd b s% inin
-;an. neof%% ih eia etitoit pac b% oeiftf ra e
20 TiIL: PA.N MI CANAL REVIEr\
Electrical distribution systems were revamped at all of the Panama Canal's
Locks in the first half of the past ten years. The six-year project cost $5 million.
Installation of cathodic protection was a costly project
during the past decade. It helps prevent corrosion.
Experiments during the last part of the decade showed that the Locks could
be lighted to prevent shadows, improving the handling of transiting ships.
The emergency dams, part of the original design
for the Canal were removed during the mid-fifties.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
THE TURBULENT FIFTIES
o .,, .
The sewage disposal project %as one which continued almost throughout
the past ten .ears. The Rainbow Cit\ se%%age disposal plant, abo'e during
its construction, and the laying of new mains in Balboa were tlo important
parts of this multi-million dollar project. Some %sork is still to be completed.
The Canal Zone highldas mosed out of the horse-
and-buggy stage in the Turbulent Fifties. Much
wider streets and traffic lights present congestion.
'" ,..., .0..: ,
.4,*J'- *;~* rZ*
ell .fL~ p.." .'--
22 THE PANAMA CANAL RE \IEW
With the advent of 60-cycle power, air-conditioning
became a possibility) for the Canal's
Shrouded in protective co rings
against the rain, these great machines
were ready for installation
at the Administration Building.
Office buildings \"ent modern
in the past ten sears.
The old Ancon commissary
WHILE ALL OF THESE DOLLARS
were being invested in the waterway
proper and its terminals, things on Lind
were not being neglected. In addition
to t11e $45i million wvhiLh ecut for power
cton\ersion, new houses, new schools,
improvements to the hospitals, retail
stores and service centers-deseribc-d in
the previous "Review"--many miore mi(-
lions were also being spent on other
capital iinpul cement&.
Major among the inpirvements of
this nature was a sewage disposal pro.-
gram, started in 1950 and originally es-
tiniated at over $9 million. This figure
was lately rtduccld considerably when a
portion of the costs was allocated to the
n"ilitary services. The sewage disposal
program -as planned b) a firm of con-
sultants and encompassed both sides
THE PAN.AMAN C\N.L REVIEW 2.3
of the Isthmus. It involved the cons-
s-truction of sewage treatment and dis-
poial plants, putlp stations and new
The Canal Zone's highways, too, came
in for attention during the past decade.
Well overl a million dollars has been
spent in the past ten years in widening
and repairing muuch-travelled thorough-
fares Among these we've Gaillard High-
way and La Boca Roads on the Pacific
siide, and Bolhar Higl.hay and Espave
Axenue 'on the Atlantic side. Traffic
lights, a novelty here ten years ago,
Central office buildings, such as
the Administration Building at Balboa
Heights-over $1 million w'as spent here
-and the Termnlnalh Buildings at Cris-
tobal-this was a $50.,000 project-were
modernized, and work on other public
\.A'- .. A
structures is either planned or under-
Alay. Air-conditioning made working
hours a lot more pleasant for hundreds
of Zonians and others %w ill soon be enjoy-
Some buildings were remodelled for .
purposes far removed from their orig-
inal use. The old Anuon corunissarv i
became the up-to-date and colorf .
headquarters for the Personnel Bureau.
In what used to be the restaurant see-1
tion of the old Ancon Clubhouse, pay.'
olloU machines are now busily at work.
The $86 million which' has been
spx-nt in capital improvements during
the Turbulent Fifties did much to make
the confusion and change of these years
more bearable. That Dreary Decade is
now over and done with. One can hope
that the improvements, capital and
otherwise, will continue.
New Feeder Service
A NEW FREIGHT service which will link
British and Continental ports with the
Canal and the west coast of Central
America is being started this month by
the British Royal Mail Lines and the
Holland America Line. Four new freight
ships, running for what is to be known
as the Central American Line, will make
fortnightly trips from London and after
transiting the Canal will call at ports
on the Central America west coast as
far north as Guaymas, Mexico. The
service is being inaugurated by the
Somers Isle, which sailed from Europe
September 28 and is due at Cristobal
in mid-October. The Somers Isle will
be followed by the Sommaroe, Eleu-
thera, and the Cienfuegos, all freight
ships formerly on a European-West In-
"Bremen" Making Cruise
THE NORTH GERMAN Lloyd Liner
Bremen, largest vessel in the West Ger-
man merchant marine, will make three
trips to Cristobal during the coming
winter cruise season, it has been an-
nounced here by the Continental Ship-
ping Corporation, agents for the line.
The German vessel, which entered the
North Atlantic service in July, will call
at Cristobal January 25, February 14,
and March 3 as part of her regular Ca-
ribbean cruise schedule.
This will be the first visit to the Ca-
nal of a North German Lloyd Line
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN AUGUST
U.S. Government ..........
Commercial ...... $3,668,186
U.S. Government.. 57,763
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial...... 4,086,206 4,452,454
U.S. Government.. 78,627
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.
Bremen since 1939 when her famous
predecessor, the 52,000-gross-ton Bre-
men, made the southbound transit as
the largest commercial ship ever to
make the Canal passage. This record
The new Bremen, the fifth in com-
pany history to carry that name, is the
former French liner Pasteur which was
used as a troop transport during the
war. She was purchased from France
and rebuilt at the Bremer Vulkan
yard. Including the purchase price, the
liner cost $25,000,000. Air-conditioned
throughout and equipped with stabi-
lizer fins for smooth sailing, the Bremen
is designed to return tht No th Cel man
Lloyd to its pre-war positili i ,s .1 luxury
THE NEW ZEALAND Shil'piir g C(imlpirn
represented here by Nirt.... Lill, and
Co. has announced the .oppol.trlll.-t to
Capt. Robert G. Rees skippl oi the
company's passenger IInn Rair.tifn,.
as the new Commodo ii: i tth Nv.'
Zealand Shipping Comp.ti l% ,r t C.ip-
tain Rees, who has been ial&'11- I Lt~II]tI
visits to the Canal for til: pi't S.icr.al
years aboard the Rangilti,,. im:n.lt his
first transit as Commodlit- l,at mn,.uth
A veteran employee of theli p : p.ll,.
Capt. Rees replaces Ciapt \\. E Let-
tington, skipper of the N,-,. Z.-aland
line's Rangitiki who retn :Ld t jm s,.-l\ il :
Grace Fleet Increases
THREE NEW CARGO pass,-!1,t<..i i 'itainlr-
ships are being built b) tlL. (Cr..t Line
for the Atlantic-West C'<..,t (,t South
America service. Bids on tih.l ni. r. \.-ssrc
will be opened in W.\.ilsiirtoin this
month and the ships shlill Lb lit:jJ
for service by 1962.
Built under the term. ot (;!ic a:', sub-
sidy contract with the F-tl.-i iI M!aitirie
Board, the new ships \ iil b, the latest
word in passenger cargo cl,-irio. They
will have an approxlniatr- r,-s. of
10,000 tons, a speed ct 2ij kLnts, and
accommodations for 57 pt.,,ts 'i:r in
air-conditioned statero..in, hli-h ships
will stop at Canal poits ,II tlln-i \\a.
to and from Buenaventi. and C;uj\a-
quil. Panama Agencies. loi.Il .iaeets itor
Grace, has announced that .irranre-
ments will be made hel. fti th, hand-
ling of container cargo.
Norwegian Ore Ship
sr.. '" t.'" "
K .-. ;
J" U+ T "'"*.,**i,
THE "SIGBORG," a Nor '.i.ilt,-i Ci:teied
ore ship which carries 35 iiU- toism of
iron ore on each trip ft..,in san .ujan.
Peru, to Baltimore has bi..i.t a li.gular
;A'"*. .'. Canal customer since i-ill\ this \ear.
Together with her siste: chiip thl- Si uk,
i the super-carrier makes thl,. Cianil train-
4 4:- sit either north or southboi:ind on an
average of twice a month. Tht Sigborg.
the former Rio Grande, \\ .is Ibilt 'I CGer-
many in 1958, has an ,\ I-rall length of
657 feet and a beam of S7. 3 feet. She
is operated by the Transvi. ill Carriers
and is owned by Berge Sig\ al BeigEsen.
Payne and Wardlaw are the agi. nts here.
24 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW