Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Full Text
PANAMA CANAL

v










F ~ HEN RUFUS HARDY conceived the
S. .idea of an otheial Panama Canal publi-
S. ation, hle received no stauncher and
S.rt more consistent backing than that from
;" hii loin-time friend and associate. Eu-
i gene C. Lombard, then E\ecuti\e Sec-
relar\ of the Panama Canal. It "as na-
tural, then. that the stafl of "The Pan-
amra Canal Re% ie ." stunned and shock-
ed Im Rulus' sudden death on Septem-
her 2. should turn to Gene Lombard for
/ yan appreciation of the iman who. through
I the writtenn \lord. has made a lasting
contribution to the story of the Pan-
ama Canal.


MAlNY PERSONS H.\VE gi\en lo' al and deCoted se\rice to the Panama Canal and
ulfus Hardy ranks high ainon then. No one cmild ha\e gic en more than he did.
No one worked d harder tiaard the goal ot understanding and hihii morale.
His professional skill \as unique. He t rote \with clarity and precision and had
the rare ability\ to reduce complex\ matters to simple language.
The da\ in 193. hlien lie took o\er his C.inal duties %with the unassuming title
of Press Representati\e. marked the beginning of real public relations for the Pan-
ama Canal. \ith a keen ensnse of ne' valuess. and thornughi knot ledge of Canal
matters, he produced a steiadt treamn of nets' reecllntinug the dails history of the
w aterwaY and the Canal Zone. His reputation "as based on the solid foundation
of accuracy and honest reportinlg.
The ertablishlient of "Thlie Panaa Canal Relie'" ."as a notable accimplish-
ment. The idea "as entirely his and hen Go ei nor1 Ner coiner appro' ed it lie com-
mended Rufus for his "ell-detailed plan. The Re' ie%" "as a success from the start.
but Rufus. a pertectioniit in his "ork, strim const.lntl\ to improve it. That lie suc-
ceeded is self-e\ident. The article entitled 'The Turbulent Fillies' in a recent
isvue i' t' pical of "'The Re\ie's" (s ontributinis to the stor~ of the Canal.
Rufus' manner was court and his personality hriendl He "as deepl. loyal to
his friends and "as "armbheartendand compassionate to those needing a helping
hand or a tord of consolation.
It is a matter of histoi that during the construction o lihe Canal there existed
in all classes ot workers exen the hunmblest laborer, a deep pride in the enterprise
and the feeling that lie "as part of it. It "as this spirit "hieh Rufus Hard. per-
sonified and "hith i"ill cause his menior. to endure.
-E. C. L.





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\\ i.LA \A G. Ai ., li Official Panama Canal Cumpant Pablicalion hi-.llii .i ... ai -i
P[ i ar.H i C ,,I Il. .ri. ..-.' OI'i.:er Puiblished M1onthli Al Balboa Heichlr C. Z.
f,,' ,11 lI Pi r: P tai .ll .r,!i.-r 0 iZ., .r
0 .. a. r Ft1 i ri. l i. ..ual _. r i:: ..'.r :r* I r.r.- ir : .. Ti. T *- u. :r I.. I I.. l ,- 1 a T ,r .l ul I. al t.. r. i 5 .:. l. .i.'-.-
Subscriptions. it a 3ear; mail and back copiits. 11) cents each.
P -.. l r,.:.;,,- ..r.J~ r o, r n .- l ... r r...rl, I .. l '' C El: ''. ... .. ul 1 ..I.'. 1 I.: iL .r .r. T h.,: P s: .-,, C: n i] R ., .. [, IL..: .-.l_-Il C Z


2 THE PANANIA. CAN.u. REVIEW'




































Widening of Fourth of July Avenue, part of the work on the bridge east approach, is moving ahead.


THE


BRIDGE


Work moves full steam ahead on $20,000,000 project


\\WRK ON THE $20,000,000 high level
bridge across the Panama Canal at
Balboa. until now restricted to construc-
tion ot the two approaches, is rapidly
ino\ ing into high gear.
On October 20, Lt. Col. Robert D.
Brown. Jr., Engineering and Construc-
tion Director and Contracting Officer
foi the Panama Canal Company, will
micLt with contractors and their rep-
resen ta tives in a pre-bidding conference
on the bridge superstructure. This part
of the work, which will cost in the


general area of $10,000,000, will be
the largest contract to be let by the
Canal organization since the Third
Locks project. Bids on the superstruc-
ture work, for which plans and specifi-
cations were issued early last month, are
to be opened December 2.
The first actual work on the bridge
substructure took place September 14
when the Panama Canal's midget dredge
Mandinga began excavation of a chan-
nel parallel to the location of the bridge
piers. This channel will enable a work


barge to reach the pier sites.
The Dredging Division, which is
doing this work under contract to Fruin-
Colnon International S. A. and LeBoeuf
and Dougherty, Inc.- prime contractors
for the $3,000,000 substructure project,
claims honors for the first bridge work
for the Mandinga. This claim is con-
tested, however, by the Maintenance
Division which has been clearing an
area in the L. Boca tank farm for the"
land operations.
During the past month equipment


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW















I.. Je,
;I ;; tr..
L":: C.?~Z1~LfS~. *rrrr*-A


The i d "Madinga" is excavating a chael to the site of the bridge piers. She claims first hors on the bride r-



The Ini,_=th miid'-et dredge "Mandinga" is excavating a channel to the site of the bridge piers. She claims first honors on the bridge ork.


for the bi iIe. substructure began arriv-
mii. f..,in the United States and was set
up nii Dock 7, the old Balboa coal dock.
Inl,:de.i. in this e'll.iipmiiiet .ere three
heavy cranes '.: ith c.linshell buckets
and several electric pumps. The latter
will be used to unwater the cofferdams
during the pier construction.
On September 18 a large derrick
work barge arrived in Balboa from San
Francisco under tow of the tug Donna
Foss. Aboard the 75-by-150-foot work
barge were 180 tons of steel bracing
for the cofferdams, two medium land-
ing craft which will be used to shuttle
concrete from the bathing plant on
Dock 7 to the pier sites, and miscel-


laneous construction equipment.
Other arrivals last month included a
large drill rig, described by one en-
gineer as a gi.a'.tic post-hole digger.
This drill rig belongs to the Case Foun-
dation Company, subcontractors for
[pl.iAIi~; the concrete caissons in the
tank farm area. A special type never
before used here, it is able to drill holes,
of .36 in-lchis in diameter, up to 80 feet
deep.
Key personnel for the substructure
contractors are also on the Isthmus.
Raymond E. Flint, a Fruin-Colnon vice
president, has been here for several
weeks. He was joined recently by
Homer Stokes, who is to be project


manager for Fruin-Colnon -Ind Li -B.anir
and Dougherty. Another I-c..i.t .1ii\al
is Richard Lowe, project main.r.!-a for
the Case Foundation Corrn:,t-pi.
The first piece of heavy .. | .iuipmnit
other than the Mandinga t,.. 1:... i ,.d -on
the substructure work, a yaid .iind half
tractor crane, started excav.,ir!,. oil Sep-
tember 18 near Esso Tark .'2 in the
La Boca Tank Farm section.
In the meantime, Concih -t P.ma.iina
has been setting up a batlin',; plant
near one of the old coal p.'ilcts on
Dock 7. Framorco, anotli,. Pa'a.ii.Im
firm, has brought in an ag.,_g..it- pro-
cessing plant for concrete, Aig'te'-;itec
and is setting this up at (..miioai.. The
processing plant had been iuisd -,n tlih
Interamerican Highway w,.! k ait ..ia-
dulce.
Grading and earth work ... [ith ,;a.t
approach to the bridge is I.h.i. d.iiIn
under contract by Bildoil Ini.. This
project is now appproximar-kl 40 pc-
cent completed. It involves il .t.lil. and
cutting back of Reservoir 1ill ii tli
Chorrillo area and constiui..t;i. i .-. a
large fill across the Gavila!n ndii flats
The core of the Gavilan fill s ni..l, til.im
Sosa Hill; the lighter fill miat. 'ill ,..:n11,s
from the grading at Chorilli.. F.uith
of July Avenue is also beii; : vl. i.ned
from J Street to the Linits .i.d the
streets at the Limits rea'],ra,..-d for
bridge access.
On the west bank, grading i; c(om-
pleted for the west appr..-icl Later.
both approaches will be pa' ::1 1indi1r a
separate contract.

This concrete aggregate proceingii plant is
shown as it was being moved to Caniboa.

4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







-NEW DIRECTOR

A MAN \\HO aids been familiar with the Panama Canal and its
operations fur a number of \eari has been added to the Board of
Directors of the Panama Canal Compani \\ ith the appointment
of former Congressmman John J. Allen to the spot formerly oc-
cupied by Og'den R. Reid. now U. S. A.nibssador to Israel. The
appointment was announced by\ \\ilber MI. Bnrcker. Secretary
ut the Army and stockiiilder fur the Panlama Canal Company.
Mr. Allen. iwho 'ner\td as a Representatil- from California for
t\welvl- \tears. is now\ Assistant Secretar\ of Commerce.
He \ill attend his first Board nieeting thii month w lien the Pan-
ama Canal Cirmipan's Board of Duectors holds its quarterly
meeting in \\ashiington.
During his \ears in Congress Mr. Allen served as a member
of the Panama Can.il sillhcklinmmitte- of the Merchlant Marine and
Fisheries C,-mmnissio-n anid at nie time \\as its chairman.
He has made at least tliiv-e \ iits to the Canal Zone, the last of
these in Ml.arich 1957. During one oi f his earlier visits. when he
\wais chairman of tlih PiIaina Can.al s.ibconmmittee, he attended
one of the niinthly Shirtsleeve Cionferelnces. thle first Congress-
11a.11 to do so.
Born inl Oakland. Calif.. lie attended the University of Cali-
fornia and took a degree inl law. tlher For s.omie tirne he practiced
la\\ in Oakland in p.irtniership with his brother Liston O. Allen.
He is a Na\'\ veterann of both World \\ars.


-J


Mr. Allen and the Governor are shown here
during the new Director's 1957 \isit to the Zone.


TREES



and



I more trees


ORNAMENTAL ThEES. PALMS, and shade
tr'_c, ssome of which aie leaving the
confines of the nurser\ at Summit Car-
(dcns ifo the first time. are being planted
in Cainal Zone communities these da\s
I-,\ the Crounds Blanch of the Com-
n-ii it, Set lices Di vision.
The- local versionn of Arbor Day is
part of a Parnamna Canal Company pio-
gLare to) place bees whiich ha\e either
diid or be.-c ieinuved from Canal Zone
towns in recent \ears. Some also are
Lbeii planted to be-autify spots which
never before have been sladed by trees.
One of these is the section of Roose-
.tlt Avenue runiiiigi from Fiangipani
Stheet to Colozo Stieet in Balboa. On
one side there is iclO a lowV of i:ugenia
iro:idis aid hatnioginia. tho hopes of
inlmeineital lno\.ei-ring trees %thich "ill
giov into lai \tIell-dlaped shade trees.
On the othtil side, nit-t to the railroad
tliLks. a iot of fan palms whichh \will
e\-intuiall\ glow\ to a height of 75 feet
ale making their first ho\ to the Ca-
I.al Zone outside of Sinummit Gardens.
Nic.)bal[ p:lms another tall graceful
\aliet.t of tropical palm tiee. have been
plaiited thi length of Fiangipani Street
to ieplace- other palm trees \\liich re-


centl' died of old age. Near the Health
Bureau Sanitation Office in Ancon, a
young shade tree. whose ancestor w\as
sent to the Canal Zone from \Washing-
to ,. D.C.. is starting life in a tropical
community. This \aiiety-the species is
not known-sent here as an experiment,
did so \well at Summit Gardens that its
offspring are gradually being distrib-
uted around the Canal Zone wherever
large shade trees are needed.
Another newtconer to the Canal Zone
outside the Summit nursery is the golden
latania pilm, a shorter variety; of the fan
palm. Some of these have been planted
near dte Balboa Retail Store housewares
annes
So far- the program has not mo\ed
much farther than Ancon and parts of
Balboa but eventually it will take in
most Canal Zone communities on both
sides of the Isthmus. The final results
-iI most cases-will not be appreciable
for many \ears, for some of the tiees,
such as the ciugnias and barringoniaw
take time to reach maturity.
Others, like the more familiar vellow
showed trees and the purple flotvering
jacarandas, will show results almost im-
mediately under the tender care of the
Grounds Branch experts.


THE PN.ANIA. CANAL REVIEW










ONLY THE Indians
and Eskimos
are permitted to
use fish t-rnn


like this.
>rce of the
ent moves ^ *
windmill
like arms. *. .
.: W i I ;


The



49'ers


are on the march


THE "FORTY-NINERS" are on the move
again! The goal this time is the 49th
State of the United States of America,
and the mere fact that it involves a
jaunt from the Equator practically to
the Arctic Circle has not daunted three
Canal Zone families, accustomed to long
vacation trips. Accompanied by former
C m.d Zone i:-.idJ.,t iii r-' .-. c.acss, they
chose Alaska as their vacationland this
summer, with strolling on glaciers, fish-
ing for king salmon, photographing of
moose, and gold panning as some of
the highlights.
Mrs. G. E. Cooper and her son, Jerry,
14, of Gamboa travelled by ship and
by plane to reach Alaska. There they
went on a trailer tour with Mrs. Coop-
er's sister and brother-in-law, Lt. Col.
and Mrs. Donald M. Callahan, who
like Alaska so much they requested an
extension of their tour of duty at Fort
Richardson, five miles outside of An-
chorage. (Mrs. Callahan was the former
Patsy Getman and had attended Can-
al Zone Junior College.) Mr. and Mrs.
Allen K. Miller and their two daugh-
ters, Martha, 18, and Marjorie, 14, of
Balboa went by ship to New York.
They joined former Canal Zone resi-
dents George and Grace Dunlop and
their sons, David, 17, and Robert, 13,
now of Texas, at Livingston, Mont.,
from where the two families in their
respective cars set out on the trek to
Alaska. Chester A. Luhr and son, Jo-
nathan, 16, of Diablo Heights travel-
led by air to Petersburg in the Alaskan
Panhandle, where Mr. Luhr met his
brother, Frank, for the first time in 21
years. The two Luhr families took off
on a 10-day king salmon fishing trip,


dodging whales in Frederick Sound on
the way.
The Coopers' trip was exciting from
the start, for they sailed from the Can-
al Zone in the German vessel Essen
which had played a key role in the
rescue at sea of 38 survivors from the
burning Colombian ship Rio Atrato.
Anchorage, said Mli;. Cooper, is a
modern city with a 14-story building,
supermarkets, and shops where one may
purchase a Dior model, if so inclined,
and where hamburgers cost $1.50 each
and tomatoes are 55 cents a pound.
The Coopers and the Callahans start-
ed out on their trailer trip from An-
chorage, travelled up Glenn Highway,
and through Matanuska Valley whose
farm colony became famous during the
depression of the 1930's in the United
States, when 200 families were moved
there.
The roads they travelled are well
maintained, Mrs. Cooper said. But,
because of the frost heave, there are
frequent signs warning of a "dip" or
"bump." Moose abounded, usually cows
accompanied by calves, but the party
saw only one grizzly.
At Fairbanks, one of Alaska's busiest
and most crowded cities, Mrs. Cooper
was particularly interested in watching
the work of a gold dredge which, she
learned, processes 15,000 tons of earth
a day. Dredges are a family interest,
for Mrs. Cooper has been working with
the Panama Canal Dredging Division
for 10 years, and her husband is with
the dredge Cascadas.
They saw Mt. McKinley from the
air; and in all their travel by car and
by air constantly were aware of the


size of Alaska, the tremend'.ui. n i,'..lll-
tains and glaciers, and the .atnnii.pl-i,-
of "get-up-and-go."
Gold? There's still gold in tliin, thar
hills. The Coopers and the CJ.lahanis
went panning for gold, and tli,, .11: .itual-
ly did get some dust.


MR. AND MRS. MILLER and ririt t\%i.)
daughters, travelling with tli. Diiiilop
family, drove over 15,000 n!iil- .oid.
as a highlight of their trip, .i.....d tli-
Arctic Circle by plane.
Leaving Livingston, Mont tie fist
of July, the two families in th-,i ici.-
pective cars drove through Cl.,:ic- Na-
tional Park, visited Banff National Park
and went through Jaspar Natl .i.i, Pai k.
where they encountered a h.-:.,' !y.iw -
storm.
At Dawson Creek, British C'l-liiiiiba.
the mileage post was mark,..l \ tlh a
huge "0" denoting the start of tI, Al.\sk.
Highway. From Dawson to tih. I'.a.iid-
ary of Alaska is a distance: .- 1.221
miles and on the third night .Itt. I.i i.-
ing Dawson the party reached t1i- -l'-tI
State.
They crossed the Arctic Cilclr b\
plane, and landed at Fort Yulk,,-i .b.,,it
four miles north. A young gi hI ..m \'Vl-
ginia is the teacher at this sr..., ri'it
of about 300 native Indians oI Ekl;ni,,.
and she also is the tour ag-nit As a
memento, each member of tl-,l. tiiiil
has a colorful certificate wliclh .taite
"Wien Alaska Airline. Thik c..!tific
that...has crossed the Arctic C(.ar.e.
9th day of July 1959."
Homeward bound, the Milletr. aidii th
Dunlops separated at Dawson Creek.

6 THE PANAMA CANAL REIlEW


The fo
curr












Wonders of Alaska

fascinating to

three Zone families

who trekked

to the 49th State








the Millers coming down through Seat-
tle and then across the continent to
New York, where they boarded a Pan-
amra Canal Liner for the Canal Zone.
Mr. Miller said he would advise any-
one planning a similar trip to drive a
car not more than eight to ten years
old, and a good set of tires is a must.
The Canal Zone-Alaskan travellers also
found the "Milepost," a pocket guide
Sto Alaska, an indispensable companion.


TEN OF THERE 15 DAYS in Alaska were
R spent by Mr. Luhr and his son on a
salmon fishing trip with Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Luhr. who have been residents
of Petersburg, Alaska, since 1943. The
temperature ranged between 48 and 54
degrees, and wind and rain precluded
photography. But the fishing was good.
The Luhrs watched whales cavorting
at Frederick Sound, a breeding ground
which is closed to hunters. The whales,
said Mr. Luhr, leap 'way out of the
%\ater, and there is a tremendous noise
when they hit water again. He and his
son viewed whales at such close range
They were able to see the barnacles on
their tails.
The fishing party travelled the In-
side Passage and Mr. Luhr described
the beautiful scenery, the picturesque
mountains, ind the glaciers, where one
could hear the ice breaking off, if an-
chored nearby at night. Alaska, he said,
is the last frontier, a rugged land de-
manding rugged settlers. Both Chester
Luhr and his son, however, would like
to go back for a longer visit and a more
e'tenrded fishing trip.


The Allen K. Miller family retraces their 15,000-mile motor trip on maps of the
United States, Canada and Alaska. They crossed the Arctic Circle by airplane.


Mrs. Cooper and her son, in interior Alaska, view a moose antler-decorated
cache house which holds provisions in the dread event the family home burns.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







First non-United States


1'illiami Junip ; tie senior eimlnlo ee in the Canal ser% ice.


SECULRITY FOR THEIR Old age aimd protection f.r
thlir famiilit.- bc- i.me a reality f,.r tl.oiisarids% of ii'ioii-
U.S. citizen empl. i-\-s it tihe Cdail r'rga.iiiz.iti,'ni this
iim'i__th as tilhe- Civil S-lt ic Riettir-ie lit s\'. st-im \\ent into
efct-ct f, r tit-, \"' ,rkc-rs.
Selt.cl Inon-U.S. citizens \\ill be: artiiu 'lg tihe Cani:al or-
altlizaitiotn mL-pio'. ees \\ wli ill be retired ti'._ii Canal
service duriiiii. Oct iber \i itli uill retirelneiit 1l-niefits
.\ltlhotl tlhe\ lia\e hI-eti pal m'j into the retiieim int
fimid totr oiil\ a \c.r. these -:\e,, like otle-. s <1\,_ ill
fl.!l,,\% tlieim \\ il re\ ei- tlhe s.aime retirement t benefit<
as t!ie Uirittd St.atts -citizenr retirees \\I,) li.at\e bt--cr
pay i i'it'i th et Ci\ il bS i:e Retirenr-iit-t tuiid fi'r \ .ii-,<.
The\ are inct ti-, filt nin-U.S eitizeis, to retire frhni
tlhe C.iia.l ';ii,_,e lIAt (Oct,.ier h\\1- ln 'J 111111 e1e bil.iaiketed
into, tlic (2]\ il Ser ke Retiiremnit pilai, but tli-\ dre the0
fil't tI rctlie fti -te aild t Ie \ i-e.t
IIHe:diinrg t!ite -' r p .-f iinn-U.S :n retirees is
\\illi.rn Jum p. s-nii ,IIIIn ,.i tl.- Canatil ,rgI.,lzatitin
r llis \ I i, tli: \e.tr it-cin]-ilet-t:d 54 \..-Irs ._f,' 'ren ice all of
it iti thi- Indusitrial Di\ !i,.'i t.t. lw Er- lie is a timekeepe-r.
Otier .ae L is Li i ML in.ilclial. elmploiee of tlhe Ad-
iinist.rative Bi.incl, at Balb.'a. F Hei.'lits-lie lias \\ui<,rd
at tlie AXdmhiini Cli.arl i. Bert.ni-iiii c:Atii Ipia hic ite ide in tlrhe Ei inerir-
irnj D i\ isiin Jo.lin Fleihiiiii, ,,. hb.-- labor.,-r in tlir T _r-


citizens, with age and

service, to benefit from








CIVIL



SERVICE



RETIREMENT








minals Division; Joseph Norville, track lab,'i-ri- in tlie
Ilaili'..u Division; Louis Parfait, hb11 .r\ asi'.taiit, C.iiialI
Zone Li'brlil; and T. C. Taueres, janitor ii, til: DiN ision
of Scdli.,,os.
Ci\il Service retirements for non-U.S. citizen iem-
pli,. \:>s '.trt-cd October 5, 1958, i itlhi tli po ii.. mii that
e.t Ii nimcilrl-t must have contributed to th-e rt.irt-incilit
fund for at least a year before becoming Iil.lil cfid for .a
pein-iiin. Only those employees who bec.-tniri: c dlli.~rl
were eliibilr- for retrcirL,-nit between last ( )-t, rl-il 5 lnd
this month. During the past year, there II.I- bLl r n 1,
average of three such di .l-)ilit\ i tiirr_-iinit ricIt miiiitli.
S'.,iri: of those retiring on dikabilit\ had paid .Ill\ .1
feri d,.1la1. to the r, tirii-i-iit fund but tln:\ alid tliltr
fain.!riet are now receiving full iretirri-i-nlt i-ii-ef-its. In
,ddiltiin, widows of non-U.S. citizen eripI.[i- r \\!N I
died since last October are receiving thi. admire rtire--
ment benefits as if their husbands had be- in-in.milcr
of thic it.-tir: ini: lit plan for years.
Ti- iir't\ ir-tirement system .a pi'.)\ isIn! '.' tie- 1955
Tr.;at\ b, -t\\,- n the United Srtate;s iiid Paiii..L pro-
\id:h'd ii,...n-l itit z rii c:rjpl .: s xv itil I:'\, C tl) thIe .-,nC r,--
tirement benefits as government employee, in ti:t. Uiinitrd
States.
Since l.aLt October, non-U.S. citizen ernpl.i\-_,:- lihat:
been c-i.trlibutigv 6V/2 percent of their saLar\ ft'r rrtirr-


8 THE P.AN'.AM C\N.\L RE\IEV'








ment each month and the remainder of the cost of retire-
ment, or about 13 percent, is being supplied by the
Canal organization and the U. S. Government.
If an employee who had five years of government
service became disabled after October 5, 1958, he was
retired and was given an annuity based on his salary and
length of service. If he died, his widow is entitled to an
annuity for life, or until she remarries, plus an extra
monthly payment for each child under the age of 18.
Employees retiring for age or service this month will
receive an annuity determined by formulae based on
his pay and length of service. At the age of 60 an em-
ployee with 30 years of service can retire at his own
option or if, at age 55 with 30 years service, at an annuity
reduced by one percent for each year that he is under 60.
At the time the retirement system went into effect
last October, there were 642 non-U.S. citizen dock work-
ers who were not included because they worked part
time. Since that time approximately 170 of these em-
ployees have been included in the retirement plan and
the benefits are gradually being extended to others.
Approximately 4,200 non-U.S. citizens who left the
Canal service before the Civil Service Retirement plan
was placed in operation are receiving monthly disability
relief payments from the United States Government.
These payments add up to a yearly total of more than
$1,900,000.

Louis L. Moolchan works in the Mail Room at the Heights.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Worth knowing ...
Next week the people of the Isthmus will get their
annual reminder to be fire conscious. Fire Prevention
Week begins Sunday and continues through Saturday.
Posters, TV shows, lectures and demonstrations to
units throughout the Company-Government organi-
zations will serve to educate the grownups. Children
will learn about Fire Prevention Week through con-
tests in each classroom in the first through sixth grades;
the winners of these classroom contests will be given
certificates that they are Honorary Fire Marshals.
Both children and grownups will be invited to attend
a special demonstration during the week at the Pan-
ama Stadium. The program for Fire Prevention Week
has been developed by the Joint Fire Prevention Week
Committee, consisting of the Canal Zone Fire Di-
vision, the Fire Prevention Units of the Army, Navy,
Air Force, and the Cuerpo de Bomberos of Panama.

Two new standard-type harbor tugs with 1,800 horse-
power engines, will be purchased this fiscal year by
the Panama Canal Company. One will be used by
the Dredging Division and the other by the Naviga-
tion Division. The two new tugs are in addition to a
special purpose, 2,400 horsepower tugboat on which
bids are already being solicited by the Panama Canal
Company. This tugboat, designed by Thomas D.
Bowes, New York naval architect and engineer, will
be used by the Navigation Division in Gaillard Cut.


The problem of skin cancer, common among light skin-
ned, blue-e.'ed people who make their homes in the
tropics is being studied by the Canal Zone Health
Bureau and plans are being made to conduct a survey
among Canalt employees who spend a major part of
their working day in the open air. A medical team,
headed by Dr. A. W. McFadden, Dermatologist at
Gorgas Hospital, will set up stations sometime this
month in such areas of employee concentration as the
Canal Locks, the Terminal Buildings, and the In-
dustrial Areas on both sides of the Isthmus. Doctor
McFadden will examine any employee who volunteers
and if evidence of skin cancer is found, an appoint-
ment will be made for laboratory tests and medical
treatment. If skin cancers discovered early, hospital
Treatment is usually limited to visits to the Out-Patient
Clinic, Healtlt authorities pointed out.


It will be a lot more comfortable soon for patients
waiting to see a doctor in the Gorgas Hospital Out-
Patient Clinic. Air conditioning of that section, which
includes the blood bank and the laboratory-located in
Section. A, is to be completed by the last part of Oc-
tober. The work which began there earlier this year
also included the installation of a suspended ceiling
and fluorescent lighting in the waiting room. Air con-
ditioning also will 'be completed in October in the
main office of the Industrial Division at Mount Hope.





Who's the frosting


k" !


PFC Cerald L. Cleicli and Gra\ Lad Illenrietta ile\iq sample a
cookie from the o en iii the Red Cros, louine at Corea, Ho.pital.


NMrs. Veda Pence and her handicraft brihtlien da\s for patients
in the Chest Section. She has giien hundreds of hours of ser ice.


on the Zone hospitals' cake?





GR










'ARE YOU DIZZY \\lin you r.ise- \.nr hea.d?l" the
doctor asked the man lying in i the Gorgas Hos.,pital
bed. For a split second, the patient jiut sta rd at him
blankly.
Then lie heard the qutiestiii ii fil thiis time iin his
ownV language. Hi falce liglitecd up ailid lie ht-'g.t to
talk, poi.iriiig ,io t i \ l tri t i.ng i-i s\ niptmll .- a.lmoist
too fa't for the intritprn-trr to kee-p Lip \\ithi hIim.
The ilnti-lrpitel tlhat d.I\ \\ .is Nlr C(.rd Cordoii,
one i.,f tlIe 51 Cra\ L.-dle- \ hIo tgi e more tliaii 7.I1.10
hours ,f \,ihliiiteer enr\ ice C..ah \CLI. tl" Cora'. Hi,_s-
pital aiid its patients. Lit.1- a iii fii:,l:.r t tli- \oulli.iti rs.
Slr%. Gord1 1) i fllent iln e\trail l.a iio.iias. \\Vllr sIie-
finiJ-Id hl ir 12-h)iur c'u.irsie of Ili d C(-is Cr.t\ Lad\
trainijiijU. she clhoe interpretinii .is te o,)f the ir\ ices
she \\i.ild like to gi\kc at Gornas.
Not all of tle Gra\ Ladiet arei as talented linguist-
ieall as Mirs. Gordiin is, but (IL.I las I i-une special
field in \l hiel sihe does best and to) \\hilch she is as-
signed.


Gra\ Ladie, trundle bookearts to nard, and rooms. Below. Mrs. Gra' Ladies bring rreretion to patient,. SP-4 R. B. Stahl. in
H. J. Quinlan helps PFC W\illiam ellsls chiooe reading matter. bed. and Cpl. \\. C. Leister enio, a game w ith lii, Thmlii,.


10 THE P.\ 31M C\I.L RF\[E\W























Mrs. Virginia Barber of Albrook, above, receives her cap from
Miss Beatrice Simonis, the Gorgas Hospital Nursing Service Director

Miss Rosita Thoms, for instance, is the sort of person
who has a gift for cheering people up, and her speci-
ality is recreation work. She serves as hostess at ward
parties, teaches crafts, helps ambulatory patients bake
cookies in the diminutive kitchen in the Red Cross
lounge, or wields an expert popcorn shaker. The pa-
tients-and Miss Thoms-have a wonderful time.
Nor does she restrict her activities to Gorgas Hos-
pital where she is one of the leaders of Gray Ladies
in the number of volunteer hours-683 last year for
her. In her spare time, she also serves as a volunteer
at the Santo Tomas Hospital del Nifio.
The service provided by the Gray Ladies at Gorgas
and Coco Solo Hospitals and by the Gray Ladies and
Gray Men at Corozal Hospital has been described as
the "icing on a hospital's cake." These volunteers, 79
in all, offer the morale-building attention which busy
doctors and nurses do not have the time to give.
The volunteers visit patients, sometimes just to talk.
They write letters for those who cannot handle pen

The Gorgazette, a monthly, is put out by the Gray Ladies. Mrs. Gray I
Anona Kirkland interviews Dr. Julieta Burda, an optometrist. Mary P
.-N 1, Z


Miss, Dorothy Powell gets her 75-hour stripe for service
from Mrs. Tina Feierlein, the Volunteer Services Chairman.

or pencil, read to those who cannot see. They play
games with or teach crafts to others who are a bit more
mobile. They wheel cartfuls of books from bed to bed
in a perambulating library service, serve as escorts for
visiting entertainers.
They shop for the hospital patients; one Gray Lady
was delegated to buy a complete winter wardrobe for
a merchant seaman who was being sent back home.
They entertain youngsters in the children's ward, con-
duct bingo games, or serve as hostesses for parties in
the various wards or in the Red Cross lounges. And,
as an extension of the service which the Red Cross
offers in other hospitals, the Gorgas Gray Ladies also
work in the hospital clinics and in the Chest Section.
Few of the Canal Zone's Gray Ladies, or Gray Men,
are able to spend as much time as volunteers as Miss
Thoms does but there are a good many who proudly
wear the red stripe for 75 hours of volunteer service
in a year. Some of the Gorgas Hospital volunteers
have to fit that service in after business hours.

Ladies perform various services in the Gorgas clinics.
. Langalis is assigned to duty in the obstetrical clinic.







I
t




.'


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW





SDuring the past
fiscal year,


I


THE


PANAMA CANAL


MEANT



\\ liT DOE' THE Pr.ESEN(E iof tile Panamal C.anal organization
in the Canal Zone milean to tli- Republic oit Panlama.
ii tlnis 11 doll.lrs-anidl-ci:nts it lmeanit. dlitinig the p.i'st
fiscal \ear. ditect benefits ot i$24.ilifl.1.11.i 1 t l tih Repi.Itlilic's
gro, iii Iconorni\ and iiunc united hui.ndrL'd-, of tli,_,i.isands of
dollars I!, i!ndireict bi-ni fits.
H-c[ rIesentii!ng aIn ilItlease of OhI a1.1:1 1one-,Ui.iaitet millii)-n do-l-
l.ils oN- .r r the pie die g \A.ait. tlie h-grtre of ,'l 2 11(i.ii.1..i1.1 i,
ril.i : tip tof actual di tct e.x.pi-nclti.iisc on tlhe )pat iof thl.
C..InipaiI -( :\ (.~ l iilnmeit.
It is bv no meatis ant all-inclusi' tabulation. It do.-s not
iinclde the l i 1 S J 31 11 ii:)l ; anlnuit- fro!i th lit : u td Staties t l tlhe
(Col',ellinent of Panamia. tihe p.a\i ol!s o(t othei Unitcd Statues
(-Col\erlnllimnlt agenIciCes iin theL Canal Zoi.,1. the purchase s il
P.aini.i h these agencies nor t_,hose o Ctinal Zure families ..
It dcios include th,: Comlpalini-Co\ eri\ nl it pa\ il!s iof tlihe i
\ I -hos \\%uagcs aie tied to- C(anal Zni e rates. tihe imonet\ \alue
it C lorinpanl\-C-ui ernment contracts hleeld I b\ Incal fi l s., t..
iJst -f constrLu tihi ia'lr ials bo lii ht il Pali;nlla Ih\ the Coil-
pan ii\-,l\irmneit and th e ailunit spt in the R.public for
conisulmeh r ,ood., and se 'crie.
B\ far the lai-gest of these sibcli ,iions is the- $1T.3(I1).i.Sl
pa\ oll t 'r the applOx;nill.AtzI i(1.i,11 iI ienr ard i oiifll i i \i Ii.),:eI
salari-5 s are ba-td (in Canal Zone rat,:. The llajorit of these


"


', .- .. .,... i' % .'.- .




lob' for hundred' of workerss "ere available through man; contracts
Ii In 1 ,.s in the Repu blic i.f P.iiiania iAid mucii uLt thil
tak--l um i- p.\ 'o s into sh.I[lr. f,-d.l othiir' ad oth,- tl ar-
tit ls t dia\ -ti-da\ l !i\ iing, T iish.- u a Ih. aie citizr-iis of Pai,.lina
p .I ll.1:,.,1t tIl t:, ti e R11 -p7 i h,:. \\ !ibthCl :r l.,'r ll -t tllCA li\ e
li i tlte ('.m.l Z.,n,: ThIs \,-ar's pa.inol fii.m e x: c :eds
b li\ li ltl, \ o\,r .$101-1.111 ) tl,. pair, l t,: tl.se epl,.)\\:es fur
the[ pr,_%i.:.us hfisla \,eal.
The iicxt l.ir,..st sil. lit bd ision of thle .24.ii)(1 .110ii iii tli.ct
b,_ifits toII Pa .tnia' e \.,-,onn 1om-1es 11umn contiILkts .\i\ arcled
b\ t,1 Coii iipaI\ -(;o erinireirit D.iiI i lnt thi'. past Fiscal V (:ar
,'rk b\ iO-L. c-.ntra,: trs tuitalecl a little o er s 0, l .i ) .ii
.about $'l.110l.01 di. f l2,1her thatn fiscal d \a 195lS.
Ot thl-i' Fi C pitatl-.ist- u. ti,:Lti n (orAir.: tt for C Iii p.i ,\ f-Co; -
-rnient \aork a\' ar,.l. clldlrinz tlh past f'is'c l \ e.ar, all biut thleii
mi:nt t.-, !ueal hi ins Tljhe\ totailld, ,inmo : \ \: lue. $ 7-. K. .i
L'cail (,:niitiactoi \\A i -r. ils J t-lii ;;.l i:.r. l lini tlie past fiscal
\.lr oni 26 of ti:l 29 jobs chi liit d o :r f\l :mi thle pri.An.i s ', I hs.
\ >h .p r,
In addition to thi capitcal-conistruction pR oicts. tie Cor,-ii
pan) -1-oM ,riin it ,:.iganr,.atirn a\,iard,:d l .36 s,-ia!l,:cl "> ..p- -
ation..," contracts dutl in fiscal \.ar 19'9. .\l' of thest,. \%llclh
had a mone\ \a lu, ,o $6i591:100. \'.ert-re icld bI\ lica! hiis.
Eilihteen "OpLi.ations" contracts \'ie c.arlied 1,.cr fiomn the
prei\ iouS \ ar
iF',iting.d the pliini ip.1l work under thll- "operations" cate-
'I.\. iicl.ded an .oper-end contract f.:,r the i iitriur paintings.
u .t Aiiuarters. at a tOLtal c st -t $165 700(.
Last \ear firms v. iclh held Comnipari -Co: ieimeiint con-
tract, eiplo\ed\ alout 1 0 ,ei Ihio live in Panama a.nd
spn.d th:ir nion,,.\ in tihe R-p,.lUic.
here is no h, i est imte ..n thle a-,lnlit sp.rnt b\ Lont\.lla -
tor onr ic.nstruction atelia l ,tain -. .d in P.,inia. bDuri,' tl,
paIst fiscal \cal, the Co-p, ani -Go, ,:in int oimeanization. ho -.\-
e,.<-r. did "pt-nd '229.960 in Panama on ,10 ltl iails .iuchl as


. .
.; .
... .. ,


I-I
I-.


'4 1

:1'


V
1'.


4..


iis remodeling of a NaN barrack' into the new Cristobal High School.

0L.'-r-it. Loilicti proldu.icts. lumbei. pivv.ood, tiles, bh ick. etc.
\id vl, he th,-\ ari not piouduccd in, Panama. such it,-ms as
staiilh '4s st.-el tables and Labincts, irn giill:voik, and mnill-
\',..ik i lik do(1t1 anld Ilor frames i are assebhleid in the
P..-1it. li,:i t ii pi>lii.CuiSe-d thetie for C.iial Z,-- coi,,tttuctionl



I.-efiihts to Pan.tina's -conloml is the purchase of consumer
Ceods and se i>,:.s in the LRepublic. Last \car. these purihl.ases
t,-,tallcd $1.4-91.l79. approximately\ 'v .3.1l0 more than during
the p,. i:,ons \eai.
1liasm11111.1 as sucI.h pu I a.ri l'i.-s include meats, siaLo'd.is, s.ugar.
I'r eaei. us. t.-,ilet articles. aut.:'inobilet paits and supplies, as
"'.ll as mran\ J ,tli-t >.irnlar items. th,\ ha\e a di,.ect effect on
t!h. agricuiltlial ,and (. or _i!.iial life of thle R>-public.
.A t.-.tA ot $li955 i16l of the *$1.491.979 w\Aent to bul, food
a,1d 1. ...l pi.:iducts in Panaila. Outstanding ani'll-'g these \\eie
"') 23 clozen c'ns \uith .i-171.-191-ciiouilh to makl:a- good
Iiaci\ mrhl7ttev-. -i c .\-i\ iian. \n'.o-niani and child in tlh- (._ai-
al. Z-,It... Tih- p.i ,r .\ea t i --I puiclii ses alii a st ikiriZ inclica-
t'l.,in I. thit gioW'. th Of s:in'e .,t PFanalla iindulshies. Thie\ v. ere
Jl11i.'st do1ulle those of tile peie ious \e.i aiund almost 25 times
tlih : of iil\' f e '.ars iaLo.
Or`n.-1i iiia ur foi.d. ptili.lses during the past fiscal \ar
1.-1 1.122915S pounds r.f chilled beef, at a total cost of
Si1.762.- *l.,1_9 puri..ds( of sugar'. \orth $189.261: and
-lSli.Alll11 poutilnds If ble-ii's 0 iain.h used for cattle feed, north h
'7T j211. .\dditi:i!iial ira.,ii p.ircliases b\ tile Comllpani -Go(.)\-
1i11iiniit :.,'a1hizati.nl duirin the paj t fiscal \:ar inclucid dcl
I..- era,.s ,-.th $1.33 '51s. toilt artiicles iwoithi -25,907, and
.iili..ii' biib l paits and ti]i'phl s, iincludiig batteries, o\ilth
1,6012.


DIRECT BENEFITS


TO PANAMA OF


$24,000,000



AsideC fi-rom thi-s,: dll'Clt c\pl:nditu.res, there is no \- a\ of
au.ratel tabulating the manl-\ huni.dleds of thousands of
dollars whichh flu % into the Rcpliblici frumil the pitAatc buinTI,
-f thl.. p:,ople hI..i: live in their Caanal Zo,.ne and fiom thrir irn-
di\idually 1r11plo)i inl. maids arlu d g.il'deners fhomi Pianamia.
Thile -.1iI ,of :\ Ci alutmI:iii bile or a.ir ..lditio.i r. striic of
pealls o lb).,ttle of irfill:!l _. s uitO cI t orpla.e setting ,of
il ii Iian-- 1 a p.i.fit toiI a Pa.nai.i bu. i s1ii rsmnI. \\ihen a CLan-
.,l Z wone Lim Ilh b.\s ; irpIlarne ticket,, c0 n'ik,-s t a l a,- ranIa! ,-
in ,ts in th. R>p,.l,!i>. \lhi a larMi has dinner at at Pain-
ama restauiant whin u._,n,,_e bu\s ltt,-, tickets oi liquor.
thi,, mni, \ ..-es to bolttel Panama's ec,'nom\.
.And there aeir- otl-i indiiect benefits, too. Each \ear. ap-
p,,o\irmate!.\ 4.2ii.i fo rmel ,mphle.ces ,f tle Co ,par -Go o-.,-
tiImI .nt, moI- st of C1. hom li ii r t!e- Republic. cIa\% a total of
F,1 *.111 1 1 iii, disabilii ,-hr- pa., rient:. This mione, is sp,:it

I a ll ,_.t lhn.L. ta! iiI;,I!c . "I-t!l:.r, tile tot.L V.,1 1u. d 1.1 e\cL-17rd tlH& _"24 .1.1: i.i11 c hhkh tle
(-.,;,i:'! -C,, ,',-rr el ,i~t b,_,,,ks sh,-)'. in loffihla! pe:. ditures.


Thewe machine. in the Pa.roll Branch process checks for o'er 10.000
Conipan-C;o\ernment elmplo.oee, \hhoe 'iageQ' are baied on C. Z. rates.


12 THE P.\ANAMA CANAL REl\IER\


Titr PN.\AM\ CUN AL REX1E\ W 13







PROMOTIONS


AND


TRANSFERS


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between August 15 and Sep-
tember 15 are listed below. Within-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
not reported.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Postal Division
James E. Harrell, Richard C. Hogan, to
Finance Branch Superintendent.
Division of Schools
Aston M. Parchment, to Senior High
Principal, Latin American Schools.
Mrs. Thelma N. Scott, to Clerk-Typing.
Mrs. Frances J. Coffey, Clerk (Typing),
transferred from Power Conversion Project.
Carlos M. Antioco, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Heavy Laborer.
David A. Speir, to Senior High School
Assistant Principal.
Ruby G. Williams, Mrs. Elenor V. S.
Edwards, to Clerk-Typist.
Agatha A. Linton, Kenneth Drayton, to
Locker Room Attendant.
Joan A. Lynch, to Heavy Laborer.
Millicent T. Fredericks, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Mrs. Dorothy B. Huff, to Transporta-
tion Loss and Damage Claims Examiner,
Claims Branch.
Fred L. Raybourne, from Theater Usher,
Supply Division, to Time, Leave and Pay-
roll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Kathleen M. McGuigan, to Administra-
tive Services Officer, Office of the Comp-
troller.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
William L. Brooks, from Administrative
Assistant, Power Conversion Project, to
Contract Administrator, Balboa Bridge
Project.
Julian S. Hearne, from Supervisory Gen-
eral Engineer, Engineering Division, to
Dredging Supervisor, Dredging Division.
Contract and Inspection Division
Charles M. Brandl, from Civil Engineer,
Engineering Division, to Project Engineer.
Frank H. Robinson, Engineering Aid,
transferred from Meteorological and Hy-
drographic Branch.
Bremer L. Jorstad, from Electrician,
Dredging Division, to Electrical Equip-
ment Inspector.
Maintenance Division
Kenneth George, to Painter.
Leonidas W. Urriola, to Helper Welder.
Winston V. Bell, to Accounting Clerk.


August 15 through September 15
Engineering Division
Marvin J. Banton, to Supervisory Gen-
eral Engineer.
Norman L. Randall, Jr., to Structural
Engineer.
Office of Director
Mrs. Faye C. Minton, to Administrative
Services Officer.
HEALTH BUREAU
Gorgas Hospital
Mrs. Gloria L. Pierre, to Clerk-Typist.
Mrs. June A. Brenneman, Virginia E.
Dignam, to Staff Nurse (Medicine and
Surgery).
Division of Sanitation
Margarito Murillo, to Decontaminating
Equipment Operator.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Jose N. Fuentes, from Palancaman, Me-
teorological and Hydrographic Branch, to
Launch Seaman.
Thomas B. McAndrews, to Pilot-in-
training.
Edgar C. Springer, to File Clerk.
Gilberto Escobar, to Clerk-Typist.
Raymond A. Nesbitt, from Substitute
Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Marine
Inspection Assistant.
Industrial Division
Richard L. Pennington, to Lead Fore-
man Machinist.
Elmer J. Moolchan, from Signalman,
Navigation Division, to Welder.
John Jackman, to Stockman.
Locks Division
Amable G. Palma, to Helper Lock Op-
erator.
Mortimer L. Scantlebury, Malcolm N.
Francis, to Stock Control Clerk.
Alejandro Gerald, Cecil J. Dutton, to
Timekeeper.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Maria Q. Suazo, from Clerk-Typist, Ca-
nal Zone Central Employment Office, to
Clerk-Dictating Machine Transcriber.
Employment and Utilization
Division
Gloria M. Rodriguez, to Clerk-Typist.
Olga Y. Johnston, to Appointment Clerk.
Gladys E. Chang, from Clerk-Typist,
Housing Branch, to Clerk-Dictating Ma-
chine Transcriber.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Alfred L. Curtis, to Sales Clerk, Sales
and Service Branch.
Clifford A. Springer, to Waiter, Hotel
Section.


TRANSPFORT.\TION AND TERMINALS
BURL iU
Motor Tran.portatioi Dixision
\lamice L. MIcCulloIugh. t. bSiupen ir :r
I, !**,, I .l .,rII _-_ r. ti.r. O fl,.:,- r
C litton 0. Ba t.:e t .. Cl7 ll. iur
Terminals Di iiion
l.ionel J. Duni an. I. t Lc..ler HIn-h LIift
'I r,.,-k O r-., i It..r
Segundo M1. Zambrano. ti, \ jii:hmin..
Philip A. Hale. Jr.. t.:. Supi' r. :.r. Car.o
'\. -t Hl it
D)Iu .IIn Rook. t.:. L ..ij.l.r St '. -l ore
OTHER PROMOTIONS
P i), I)TIiON '. I *h_! i* 111\1h. \., Li 11h 1-
. ,t It l. h.,l.i.i
Clara A. Zaipponi. Niur,._ tr ip-...r.
( .,,i -iH:,,[,;t..
.Albeit S. Adamni. Ernc .,..-riL, .A.d. \le-
t,.r. ,l cl,. II i id: H '.dr' r 'ip!iic BRrjii.,.
NMr.. Adelle \%. Cooper. S,..i'.c- Ce.-it.-r
Siu p. -ri i...r. 1 1!,. .ii,.l S.r' ie Br !.1ii .
Ed" ard H. Benren. IM irn, TIr lf-. C..n-
r N tic ... D .iiI:cin
IMr,.. Ila el V \\elb%. Puhbl. II.. ..It
,u,..: .,,:r:.r-\' ll..,.pnitl.





RETIREMENTS


".h.- 1. IIi ,, ..p t i hler t... rhi: ..l!,,. ." ,l.1 -'

,it.... r- .r. l !
],; -. ,.1 |i : *I .._I ,.:, n. ,:l t!,e r tuturi .

Ca I C. Breitenbach. NRe-. York. Cer.ral
,,For, an, D.,ikn,, a.n.d.. Liricnd,',kih,. Ter-
:mi ,[l-. D,,.,im:,n: 12 i-s. 6 inotls. 2S
d:\ .. h a, D e,.,. C ii[.
NMurel L. Dodd. Oklai.:. n.l. Lta.,d F...rq-
:,ii,. r,,:,.l CrsiitrLuctioQ! Ml -inter,..ir..e D i-
\,i ..i, ly9 .-_irs. ':1 nmontid I d L.. Pr, qcct
CJI CAltd
\\alter 1\ Fo\. T,. -, Aut..n...t~ l M\la-
ihn. l .:,t:,r l r.,T t:,..rrat~ .-,n D i\i'l:,L,. IS
1,:.tr i, !,m ], .S ,.i. .,' M I i j. -'I.i
Nr,. Thelma b. Rand. NI.:h, Ii.i NuIsI
Snprtr\ ..r (.; i.: s H,-..pi-dl .4 %t rs. 5
2it h JS ..I 1 r rF 0i, -1! 1 .. 1 ,r' I .th 1n1us.
Loui, T. StIhuibern. N.' \... rk PipEitt, r
l ..i.ii tjil D ., ,-,* 1 .. 5 ,n....ntl, 2S

I.,,I M \ \ itt. T...- h,_p ir ... Fo:.r.-
r T, I',ni D .i',i..ri. n 2 r.r. -I d :

Harold I. Zierten. \l,.i.r.-..t .. t..I .t
' .. T.: ip .. B .!I..... H i. S.: .. ..11. 30 \.,..r,
1'r F'.-t r iiihre Fl.W

14 THL PAN.,.MA CANAL RE\'IEW'








ANNIVERSARIES


Cyril D. Atherley
As a clerk in the Balboa Port Captain's office,
he makes daily reports on ship traffic. After
working hours he is active in Boy Scouting
and Civic Council work.

Gaspar G. Paredes
He was born in Panama City; has never work-
ed for any other Canal unit except what are
now known as the retail stores. He now is
Stock Foreman in the Furniture Pools In-
ventory Records.


40 YeaErs

W. H. Esslinger
W. H. Esslinger, Chief Hydrographer in charge of the
Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch, has been an-
swering weather questions for 30 years. But water is his
major preoccupation-water translated into reliable facts
for the safe transit of ships from ocean to ocean, as well
as to meet all Canal Zone needs. Mr. Esslinger was born
in Gurley, Ala. He worked with the U. S. Weather Bureau
at Broken Arrow, Okla., and New Orleans, La., before
his service with the Panama Canal Company began in
September 1927.


S30 Years

Office of the
Comptroller
Herman C. Bayne
Clerk
Engineering and
Construction Bureau
Malcolm B. Perch
Oiler
Launcelot A. Peat
Helper Electrician
Jocelyn Decosta
Clerk
Supply and Community
Service Bureau
John J. McCalla
Sales Section Head
Ernesto Rodriguez
Laborer
Stanley Green
Leader Laborer
Frank E. Barnett
Clerk
Lucille V. Nelson
Clerk
Health Bureau
David D. Facey
Laborer
Uriah W. Jones
Clerk
Transportation and
Terminals Bureau
Gordon H. Thompson
Chief Foreman, Fuel
Operations
Urville W. Wallace
Clerk
Marine Bureau
Abraham Daisey
Chief Engineer
Vivian M. Stewart
Laborer
Jose Martinez
Lock Operator Helper

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


20 Years


Civil Affairs Bureau
Claude M. Aycock
Elementary and Secondary
School Teacher
Thomas Richards
Swimming Pool Operator
Gladston M. Taylor
Cleaner
Curtis B. Darden
Customs Inspector
Office of the
Comptroller
Maenner B. Huff
Systems Accountant
John Montanye
Supervisory Systems
Accountant
Eduardo C. King
Bookkeeping Machine
Unit Supervisor
Transportation and
Terminals Bureau
Rupert L. Bovell
Wharfbuilder
Hubert Brown
Helper Liquid
Fuels Wharfman
Albert W. Bramwell
Clerk
Isaac A. Price
Yard Locomotive
Engineer
Donald C. Parker
Liquid Fuels
Dispatcher
John M. Adonican
Supervisory Clerk
Health Bureau
Agnes E. Hannigan
Medical Assistant
(Stenography)
Lillie W. Wood
Head Dietitian
Personnel Bureau
Robert D. Kelly
Retirement Clerk


Marine Bureau
Cleveland A. Dennis
Lock Operator Helper
George J. Booth
Blacksmith
Hopeton W. Simms
Tailor
Ephraim J. Bonnette
Cement Finisher
F. G. Mitchell
Lock Operator Helper
Alfred C. Blackman
Chauffeur
M. DeJ. Chiquilani
Painter
Lloyd A. Gilkes
Deckhand
John F. Meehan
Pilot
Domingo Rodriguez
Launch Seaman
Frank J. Dolan
Control House
Lead Foreman
Harry F. Willenbrock
Lock Operations
Lead Foreman
Charles J. Sorrell
Control House
Lead Foreman
Arnold Jones
Launch Operator
C. T. Swearingen
Control House
Lead Foreman
Seymour A. Price
Painter
New York Operations
Andrew H. Page
Night Engineer
Lawrence G. Hofmann
Supervisory Accountant
Thomas Ender
Supervisory Contract
Specialist
Engineering and
Construction Bureau
Harris W. Hardy
Roofer


Frank E. C. Thompson
Clerk
George M. Clarke
Maintenanceman
Herbert G. Kelly
Leader Electrician
Martin L. McNaughton
Helper Electrician
Harold L. Titus
Truck Driver
Ariff O. Ennever
Maintenanceman
Stephen H. Roach
Saw Filer
Kazimierz Bazan
Electrician
Augustus C. George
Seaman
Harmodio Gutierrez
Leader Boatman
Gordon O. Small
Oiler
Jose A. Griffith
Pipelayer
F. C. Treleaven
Paint and Varnish Maker
George Varsier
Water Meter Reader
Supply and Community
Service Bureau
Winston S. Johnson
Warehouseman
Ivan K. Wade
Service Station Operator
Victor E. Bailey
Watchman
Fitz H. Grant
Clerk
Victor Morris
Laborer
Percival Dowman
Warehouseman
George M. Standard
Laborer
Orton Harding
Laborer
Enid Hyacinth
Clerk


_ __






THE SAFETY ZONE


BOAT TRAILERS


WHILE spF',r1E:.IEN iI')O)T f'lI the moon,
Americ.a r .i l tllhh-iif : 11: I -.ttlin a super-
octane tr.aL k to. tl \~ a tr B. the time
they launch jet-styled boats, don water
skis, "lungs," and goggles and grab fish
spears, they look like something space-
men might meet on the moon. But
they're having fun.
Biggest boon to the outboard skipper
who can't afford, doesn't want or can't
have a mooring spot for his craft is the
boat trailer. It will get his boat from the
back yard to the water. If you are now
-or plan to be-an outboard skipper,
you should know these basic facts of
boat trailing.

A Perfect Match
MATCH YOUR TRAILER to your boat and
your car. Look for the Outboard Boating
Club of America weight capacity rating
and if your boat comes within 100
pounds of it, for added safety, get the
next larger trailer. Remember, you'll
probably load your boat with a motor,
luggage and extra gear.

Equipping And Loading
CHECK YOUR TRAILER with requirements
of the Canal Zone vehicle laws, par-


ticularly with regard to lights, brakes
and safety chains or cables.
Ready-Contact!
How TO GET your boat trailer hitched
without later losing it on a hill or down
a river bank.
For maximum safety use a frame
hitch instead of a bumper hitch. The
Society of Automotive Engineers re-
commends use of frame hitch for
trailers with a gross weight over 2,000
pounds, but says a bumper hitch is ad-
equate for trailers under that weight.


-ACCIDENTS-
FOR
THE MONTH
AND
THE YEAR


AUGUST

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE


CASES


'59
215
1,842


All couplings should be c I,: I\
mounted by bolting, welding ii \ .t-
ing. Don't take a chance on a ni.,-k-
shift arrangement.
The SAE also recomm-nlils tlh.t
couplings be equipped witl lia.i:i
locks which won't come apai t d iii i.
travel, and that the hitch be J.i .ici, ..i
so it can be disconnected ]-,'...lI.-1
of angle of trailer to towing \I:!._hl.

(This is the first of a two part ... s ,.n
small boat safety.)


'58
176
3,278


DISABLING
INJURIES
'59 '58
8 !
86 8!


CANAL





50 Years Ago
DESPITE the heaviest rainfall in the Cut
since work began, excavation of the
Panama Canal passed the halfway mark
50 years ago this month, when the
87,494,537 cubic-yard mark was reach-
ed. At Empire there were 21.23 inches
of rain during the month; Pedro Miguel
had 10.55 inches in 10 days; Cristobal
was drenched with 6.03 inches in a little
over an hour and a half. At Cucaracha
one workman was killed and seven


others stunned when lightning hit the
signal tower, and at Ancon the heavy
rains started a slide below the new rock-
crushing plant on the west slope of the
hill.

25 Years Ago
IN a surprise maneuver, 88 ships of the
United States Navy, ranging from air-
craft carriers to submarines, converged
on Cristobal for immediate transit late
in October 1934. Led by the cruiser
Dallas, the fleet began to transit less
than two hours after arrival in Limon
Bay. Although there were heavy fogs in
the Cut and minor accidents at the
Locks-where the carriers Lexington and
Saratoga bowled over three lampposts
apiece-the fleet finished the transit in
42 hours.


10 Years Ago
PRESIDENT Harry S. Truman si2i,_.id t', i-
bills 10 years ago this month -1C.,, Id:Iie
pay raises for several hundred I'.11a.m.
Canal employees. Due for hi.'l-i! s:l-
aries as of November 1 were ,.Li.ilhtLd
employees, firemen, policem-i .,i.:
teachers.
A fleet of trucks shuttled 1-aI:. aid
forth between Balboa Heights il'l il,.
Civil Affairs Building on OcTr..l., 27,
1949, as the Canal Zone Libra: ,i n, .,. d
its 100,000 volumes to their ne,. i ,,
One Year Ago
SOME 9,000 non-U.S. citizen e:rpl! :.. :
were blanketed into Civil Servi.... r, t.n -
ment a year ago this month. At rlir c ,ir,
time the last of 4,600 retiremeir- rii .-l
the 20-year old Disability R.-i.-t .1.:t
took place.

16 THE PANAMA CANAL RE IE \


---


-----








































..... . .. ....... 1. .. .
. wh^A'Shfv^. ... .rr..*.'.../' t. I, S^^f.-r.^. /. .^Rfr~6iw&. ^^ w.>A


This, is lic third and last of a series of
aitil..'s on thi. Turbulent Fifties, the
Jtinai de cade bitwircen fiscal fcar.s
19.50 oird 196(. Again this month tlhe
storl is told iiostly u itli pictiucs-this
tune on the capital improvements of
the past ten years, particularly those on
the waterway itself.

THE TURBULENT FIFTIES were
not only a time of innovations, some not
always welcome, and of transitions;
they were also a period of expedited
improvements of most of the elements
that make up our existence. At no time
since the end of the construction period
has so much money been laid out in a
ten year period as it was during the
past decade. Much of this spending was
due to the age and decrepitude of quar-
ters and facilities which dated back to
the construction days.
Between fiscal years 1950 and 1960,
the Canal organization spent $86 mil-
lion on capital improvements.
In layman's language, a capital im-
provement is a major expenditure which
results in some betterment. It differs
from maintenance in that the latter

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17


Icdeans simply keeping what \ouJ ha\e
in, woiknJli older.
.X new kcar is a capital imnplaiemnent
foi the ajVragc family. So are new
curtains foi the living room. A paint
job on the old car. to keep it from being
eaten up by rust or to improve its ap-
pearance, is not. Neither is a dye job
on the faded old curtains.
A capital improvement, a little more
technically, is something which has the
effect of increasing the capacity, effi-
ciency, span of life, or economy of
operation of an existing fixed asset and
which brings improved morale.
This immense outlay of money paral-
leled the greatest increase in traffic in
the Panama Canal's history. During the
fiscal year which ended last June 30,
this figure had jumped to 9,718-an
increase of approximately 78 percent.
It was natural, then, that many of these
$86 million should go into capital im-
provements for the waterway itself
(page 18) and the Locks (page 20).
Ships were getting bigger and bigger
and from all indications they are con-
tinuing to do so. Bigger ships need
more room for safe sailing. Together,
bigger ships and more ships meant that


the Paiima Canal. and especially the
Cut. %was going to have to be widened
aid tu a ijhtened and turned into a two-
rlane opertiorn.
Much o: the Locks equipment wis
obsolete. Some of its c-ranes, for in-
stance, were of the 1912 vintage. Cor-
rosion was threatening metallic struc-
tures. Something had to be done to
permit the periodic overhauls to be ac-
complished in much less than the time
they had previously taken.
Many of the Canal's buildings had
had no major improvements since the
Canal was first opened to traffic, or
soon thereafter. Streets were too narrow
for the increasing traffic. Sewage sys-
tems needed a thorough going-over.
Capital expenditures can cover a
multitude of things. The 1955 budget
included two typical items: Widening
of a portion of Gaillard Cut to 500 feet
at a cost of $1,213,300, and the replace-
ment of a sterilizer and hot water heater
for the Division of Veterinary Medicine
at a cost of $50.
Whatever the amount of the capital
expenditure, it meant, in some way,
better operating and working and living
conditions for the Canal force.


.. > .. .. .'"
ft. .......... ..,V.:, .... .,... *^^X~.*.^^v.'.w^' rsSSS.'iuvi^A^, .


Y Y~
:













Speed% steps were necessary when : .'. ''.. '
a deep crack was discovered -i "'f '
on Contractors Hill 4 ._4. .. .Z
during the Turbulent Fifties. x 4
The hill was terraced V. 'a'
''!: '-^' 5
and some %"ideninz done ?" 4''
at a cost of $4,000,000. "' ., '. .. ', *






S: ,., h .. .




ecade. rede bulldo rs
.. .. "" ,' ,





String the r e ater to a

te $0 ~~0, 0-00 .. h, e reen t ,,Foin- traffic.

















"As th Fiftihe Canal. t4








grading was going on.-.f'.' .... during he a ino:a
"4 .,
S 4 4. A .. .,' ,






. . "









'4. :. r .

the $20o,00,00 bridge.
across the Canal.-... ,,, ,. h',, .. 5,, i 5




grading was going on. .
:''"-ll'"u ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~H *. yr."dr(C ldti rldzr


kw;- r.r"V R**+B-






THE TURBULENT FIFTIES


The Fifties were an active period.
The piers got new cargo equipment.
Big shovels worked on excavation.


ALTHOUGH MANY OF THE capital improvements to the
waterway proper are not obtrusive, anyone who transits the Pan-
ama Canal these days can see that things have been going on.
He might not know that part of the Cristobal anchorage has
been deepened to 40 feet-a $2,475,000 project-or that the elec-
trical distribution system on the piers at Cristobal and Balboa
las been modernized-another $1 million or so-or that the piers
had new cargo-handling equipment-at a cost of some $125,000,
but he could see that the Canal itself has been and is still being
widened in its most obviously narrow spots. And at the Pacific
end, even the most casual observer can now trace out the line of
the $20 million high level bridge.
The Turbulent Fifties saw the end of a Canal improvement
project which dated back to 19:31, although in a sense this pro-
ject is now continuing. It called for the widening to 500 feet of
Culebra Reach in Gaillard Cut to eliminate danger from slides
and provide increased maneuverability for shipping. During the
first part of the past decade expenditures on this project (which
cost in all approximately $18 million) totalled close to $4 million.
Another $4 million was spent, in the mid-fifties, to cut back
the steep rock face of Contractors Hill which was in imminent
danger of breaking off and toppling into the Canal far below.
As ship traffic increased during the Turbulent Fifties far beyond
any estimates, it became evident that immediate steps would
have to be taken to enable the Canal to handle more and bigger
ships. In 1958 and 1959. over $1,600,000 was budgeted for the
removal of the Paraiso Curve, one of the trickiest sections of the
Canal, and another $L:350,000 went into the 1959 budget for a
mooring station at Paraiso.
As the Turbulent Fifties ended, additional improvements were
underway. These included a system of lighting in the Cut which
would allow for night transit of practically all vessels, a new
ship traffic control system, and drilling preparatory for further
widening of the narrow reaches of the Cut. At Contractors Hill,
contractors were again cutting back the nigged face of the hill
while near the Canal level equipment as big as six-cubic yard
bucket shovels and a 12-cubic yard dredge were at work on the
Paraiso-Cucaracha Reach.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW











THE TURBULENT FIFTIES


INASMUCH AS TIE Panama Canal Locks
quite appropriately hold the key to Canal traffic,
a good part of the $36 million spent on capital
improvements in the pa~t years tha gone to these
stairsteps over the mountains. Other than the dis-
appear:ane oft the emergency dams, an original
parUt 4f the Locks, fe\w uf these improvements
are visible.
As the Turbtient Fifties began. tie Locks were
just embarking on a si'-vear, 85 million program
to modernize their eletrical distribution systems.
For the most part. the transformed's, high oltage
mid protr-ti\ve equipment dated hack to the open-
ing of the Canal. Much was obsolete and replace-
merit parts unatail.ble. This project ; as begun
in 1949. conipltted in 1955.
Another major expenditure for the Locks was
the replacement of the vehicular crossing at
Catun. Designed originally to accommodate a
limited number of official vehicles, it became, as
the years went by, a bridge for anyone who
wantedd to cross and an important link with Colon
for the people of such villages is Salud and Pifia.
In 1953. at a cost of approximately S-200.000 the
old c'ossiini was replaced by swinging spans.
The same n ear. the Locks Division was au-
thorized to spend $600,000) on ten 20-ton craues
to replace 13 suLcl- machines, some of v which were
ovi 40 vearrs old.
In the mid-fifties, the Locks began what was
known as Phase 1 of a program to speed up tran-
sits during overhaul. This three-year, $7.S0,01.10
pro',i am bhi.gan in 1954. It provided means for
unowatering and oC erli:oiling %al\es in the center
wall cu\h ert wlile both locks were in use. When
it "\as completed it increLased the dependable
capacit- of tle Locks by six lockages a day.
One of the more costly of the Locks improve-
ments. during the past ten years, w as the con-
versirn of all frequenLtc-sensitive machinery for
60)-c cle- current. The job. started in 1!1956 and
just completed. cost in the neighborhood of
$2,9,S0,000.
As the decade euded, t\wo other major improve-
mrints N r ere aibo nt to become a reality. Bids were
asked for more powerful to;\ ing locomotives and
for daL lighting for the Locks, to permit 2--hour
operations.


l *i OE .
', "



*-A; !. fix





4.. i I..ts4 i. .
..;* i t. ....A
.., .. .*. .,(, .-,-.- 4'* '


,." ... ,-. *,., '..' -.
i^- l*. Yi i- r '. *:" '* 4E*%L








.. .H. . . -.
4," 4,414 *'il .' '

Pliw like thi, intallled in the culhert at the Lock speed up the
oierhaul. intrea'in_ the dependable (apa it. h\ si ',c';el, per day.


09sj4"r ** *. A
... . .. ,4,, ,... ..- 1.444
..4.v,' .,.... . t: H. Y C.




AA










The old icht'hkiii"ro.%in2 at Catun Lock, "sas replaced b'v inging
qpani' one of iihit h iheine .cet into it4. plate h.i a Ipo"en'itl crane.
,* I** 01 ;~~b~C~~~r;
~;* L~i *~* *i*~.lr : N


I v i~7~.


7r
w*~
4 ofjt
V%~lt*~~~~J**"** *
A 0611** 1
Theold Chitilr ro4np atCaun ock asrepacd b s% inin
-;an. neof%% ih eia etitoit pac b% oeiftf ra e


20 TiIL: PA.N MI CANAL REVIEr\























Electrical distribution systems were revamped at all of the Panama Canal's
Locks in the first half of the past ten years. The six-year project cost $5 million.


Installation of cathodic protection was a costly project
during the past decade. It helps prevent corrosion.


IV





Experiments during the last part of the decade showed that the Locks could
be lighted to prevent shadows, improving the handling of transiting ships.


The emergency dams, part of the original design
for the Canal were removed during the mid-fifties.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







THE TURBULENT FIFTIES


Ar
'I'
o .,, .
}


The sewage disposal project %as one which continued almost throughout
the past ten .ears. The Rainbow Cit\ se%%age disposal plant, abo'e during
its construction, and the laying of new mains in Balboa were tlo important
parts of this multi-million dollar project. Some %sork is still to be completed.


I




^r


4;'


The Canal Zone highldas mosed out of the horse-
and-buggy stage in the Turbulent Fifties. Much
wider streets and traffic lights present congestion.


'" ,..., .0..: ,
Will
.4,*J'- *;~* rZ*
ell .fL~ p.." .'--


22 THE PANAMA CANAL RE \IEW


*_ i:
i














With the advent of 60-cycle power, air-conditioning
became a possibility) for the Canal's
office buildings.
Shrouded in protective co rings
against the rain, these great machines
were ready for installation
at the Administration Building.


Office buildings \"ent modern
in the past ten sears.
The old Ancon commissary
became headquarters
for the
Personnel Bureau.


WHILE ALL OF THESE DOLLARS
were being invested in the waterway
proper and its terminals, things on Lind
were not being neglected. In addition
to t11e $45i million wvhiLh ecut for power
cton\ersion, new houses, new schools,
improvements to the hospitals, retail
stores and service centers-deseribc-d in
the previous "Review"--many miore mi(-
lions were also being spent on other
capital iinpul cement&.
Major among the inpirvements of
this nature was a sewage disposal pro.-
gram, started in 1950 and originally es-
tiniated at over $9 million. This figure
was lately rtduccld considerably when a
portion of the costs was allocated to the
n"ilitary services. The sewage disposal
program -as planned b) a firm of con-
sultants and encompassed both sides

THE PAN.AMAN C\N.L REVIEW 2.3


of the Isthmus. It involved the cons-
s-truction of sewage treatment and dis-
poial plants, putlp stations and new
mains.
The Canal Zone's highways, too, came
in for attention during the past decade.
Well overl a million dollars has been
spent in the past ten years in widening
and repairing muuch-travelled thorough-
fares Among these we've Gaillard High-
way and La Boca Roads on the Pacific
siide, and Bolhar Higl.hay and Espave
Axenue 'on the Atlantic side. Traffic
lights, a novelty here ten years ago,
became commonplace,
Central office buildings, such as
the Administration Building at Balboa
Heights-over $1 million w'as spent here
-and the Termnlnalh Buildings at Cris-
tobal-this was a $50.,000 project-were
modernized, and work on other public
\.A'- .. A


structures is either planned or under-
Alay. Air-conditioning made working
hours a lot more pleasant for hundreds
of Zonians and others %w ill soon be enjoy-
ing it.
Some buildings were remodelled for .
purposes far removed from their orig-
inal use. The old Anuon corunissarv i
became the up-to-date and colorf .
headquarters for the Personnel Bureau.
In what used to be the restaurant see-1
tion of the old Ancon Clubhouse, pay.'
olloU machines are now busily at work.
The $86 million which' has been
spx-nt in capital improvements during
the Turbulent Fifties did much to make
the confusion and change of these years
more bearable. That Dreary Decade is
now over and done with. One can hope
that the improvements, capital and
otherwise, will continue.









S ri


New Feeder Service
A NEW FREIGHT service which will link
British and Continental ports with the
Canal and the west coast of Central
America is being started this month by
the British Royal Mail Lines and the
Holland America Line. Four new freight
ships, running for what is to be known
as the Central American Line, will make
fortnightly trips from London and after
transiting the Canal will call at ports
on the Central America west coast as
far north as Guaymas, Mexico. The
service is being inaugurated by the
Somers Isle, which sailed from Europe
September 28 and is due at Cristobal
in mid-October. The Somers Isle will
be followed by the Sommaroe, Eleu-
thera, and the Cienfuegos, all freight
ships formerly on a European-West In-
dies service.

"Bremen" Making Cruise
THE NORTH GERMAN Lloyd Liner
Bremen, largest vessel in the West Ger-
man merchant marine, will make three
trips to Cristobal during the coming
winter cruise season, it has been an-
nounced here by the Continental Ship-
ping Corporation, agents for the line.
The German vessel, which entered the
North Atlantic service in July, will call
at Cristobal January 25, February 14,
and March 3 as part of her regular Ca-
ribbean cruise schedule.
This will be the first visit to the Ca-
nal of a North German Lloyd Line


PP

TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN AUGUST


Commercial ...............
U.S. Government ..........
Total..................
TOLLS*
Commercial ...... $3,668,186
U.S. Government.. 57,763
Total........ $3,725,949


1958
777
13
790


$4,114,427
86,331
$4,200,758


CARGO (long tons)
Commercial...... 4,086,206 4,452,454


U.S. Government.. 78,627
Total........ 4,164,833


104,819
4,557,273


*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.

Bremen since 1939 when her famous
predecessor, the 52,000-gross-ton Bre-
men, made the southbound transit as
the largest commercial ship ever to
make the Canal passage. This record
still stands.
The new Bremen, the fifth in com-
pany history to carry that name, is the
former French liner Pasteur which was
used as a troop transport during the
war. She was purchased from France
and rebuilt at the Bremer Vulkan
yard. Including the purchase price, the
liner cost $25,000,000. Air-conditioned
throughout and equipped with stabi-
lizer fins for smooth sailing, the Bremen


N


G


is designed to return tht No th Cel man
Lloyd to its pre-war positili i ,s .1 luxury
ship operator.
New Commodore
THE NEW ZEALAND Shil'piir g C(imlpirn
represented here by Nirt.... Lill, and
Co. has announced the .oppol.trlll.-t to
Capt. Robert G. Rees skippl oi the
company's passenger IInn Rair.tifn,.
as the new Commodo ii: i tth Nv.'
Zealand Shipping Comp.ti l% ,r t C.ip-
tain Rees, who has been ial&'11- I Lt~II]tI
visits to the Canal for til: pi't S.icr.al
years aboard the Rangilti,,. im:n.lt his
first transit as Commodlit- l,at mn,.uth
A veteran employee of theli p : p.ll,.
Capt. Rees replaces Ciapt \\. E Let-
tington, skipper of the N,-,. Z.-aland
line's Rangitiki who retn :Ld t jm s,.-l\ il :
last month.
Grace Fleet Increases
THREE NEW CARGO pass,-!1,t<..i i 'itainlr-
ships are being built b) tlL. (Cr..t Line
for the Atlantic-West C'<..,t (,t South
America service. Bids on tih.l ni. r. \.-ssrc
will be opened in W.\.ilsiirtoin this
month and the ships shlill Lb lit:jJ
for service by 1962.
Built under the term. ot (;!ic a:', sub-
sidy contract with the F-tl.-i iI M!aitirie
Board, the new ships \ iil b, the latest
word in passenger cargo cl,-irio. They
will have an approxlniatr- r,-s. of
10,000 tons, a speed ct 2ij kLnts, and
accommodations for 57 pt.,,ts 'i:r in
air-conditioned statero..in, hli-h ships
will stop at Canal poits ,II tlln-i \\a.
to and from Buenaventi. and C;uj\a-
quil. Panama Agencies. loi.Il .iaeets itor
Grace, has announced that .irranre-
ments will be made hel. fti th, hand-
ling of container cargo.


Norwegian Ore Ship


sr.. '" t.'" "
K .-. ;
J" U+ T "'"*.,**i,




-5-. .i5,.
f WA
'xr*w


THE "SIGBORG," a Nor '.i.ilt,-i Ci:teied
ore ship which carries 35 iiU- toism of
iron ore on each trip ft..,in san .ujan.
Peru, to Baltimore has bi..i.t a li.gular
;A'"*. .'. Canal customer since i-ill\ this \ear.
Together with her siste: chiip thl- Si uk,
i the super-carrier makes thl,. Cianil train-
4 4:- sit either north or southboi:ind on an
average of twice a month. Tht Sigborg.
the former Rio Grande, \\ .is Ibilt 'I CGer-
many in 1958, has an ,\ I-rall length of
657 feet and a beam of S7. 3 feet. She
is operated by the Transvi. ill Carriers
and is owned by Berge Sig\ al BeigEsen.
Payne and Wardlaw are the agi. nts here.

24 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW




Full Text

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Red Cross -Service Social -e Physca dicapped Rel* s Sal Arm Scouts Tu sis ncer rvice rozal Na e ecre 9590 OCTOBER2, 195

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WHEN RUFUS HARDY conceived the idea of an official Panama Canal publication, he received no stauncher and more consistent backing than that from his long-time friend and associate, Eugene C. Lombard, then Executive Secretary of the Panama Canal. It was natural, then, that the staff of "The Panama Canal Review," stunned and shocked by Rufus' sudden death on September 2, should turn to Gene Lombard for an appreciation of the man who, through the written word, has made a lasting contribution to the story of the Panama Canal. MANY PERSONS HAVE given loyal and devoted service to the Panama Canal and Rufus Hardy ranks high among them. No one could have given more than he did. No one worked harder toward the goal of understanding and high morale. His professional skill was unique. He wrote with clarity and precision and had the rare ability to reduce complex matters to simple language. The day in 1938 when he took over his Canal duties, with the unassuming title of Press Representative, marked the beginning of real public relations for the Panama Canal. With a keen sense of news values and thorough knowledge of Canal matters, he produced a steady stream of news recounting the daily history of the waterway and the Canal Zone. His reputation was based on the solid foundation of accuracy and honest reporting. The establishment of "The Panama Canal Review" was a notable accomplishment. The idea was entirely his and when Governor Newcomer approved it he commended Rufus for his well-detailed plan. "The Review" was a success from the start, but Rufus, a perfectionist in his work, strove constantly to improve it. That he succeeded is self-evident. The article entitled "The Turbulent Fifties" in a recent issue is typical of "The Review's" contributions to the story of the Canal. Rufus' manner was courtly and his personality friendly. He was deeply loyal to his friends and was warmhearted and compassionate to those needing a helping hand or a word of consolation. It is a matter of history that during the construction of the Canal there existed in all classes of workers, even the humblest laborer, a deep pride in the enterprise and the feeling that he was part of it. It was this spirit which Rufus Hardy personified and which will cause his memory to endure. -E. C. L. W. E. POTTER, Governor-President __ ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Editor JOHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant Governor EUNICE RICHARD and TOBI BITTEL WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. Offical Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistants Panama Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights. C Z 2 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

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Widening of Fourth of July Avenue, part of the work on the bridge east approach, is moving ahead. Work moves full steam ahead on $20,000,000 project WVORAK ON TIE $20,000,000 high level general area of $10,000,000, will be barge to reach the pier sites. bridge across the Panama Canal at the largest contract to be let by the The Dredging Division, which is Balboa, until now restricted to construeCanal organization since the Third doing this vork under contract to Fruintion of the two approaches, is rapidly Locks project. Bids on the superstrucColnon International S. A. and LeBoeuf moving into high gear. ture work, for which plans and specifiand Dougherty, Inc. prime contractors On October 20, Lt. Col. Robert D. nations were issued early last month, are for the $3,000,000 substructure project, Brown, Jr., Engineering and Construeto be opened December 2. claims honors for the first bridge work tion Director and Contracting Officer The first actual work on the bridge for the Mandinga. This claim is confor the Panama Canal Company, will substructure took place September 14 tested, however, by the Maintenance meet with contractors and their repwhen the Panama Canal's midget dredge Division which has been clearing an resentatives in a pre-bidding conference Mandinga began excavation of a chanarea in the La Boca tank farm for the on the bridge superstructure. This part nel parallel to the location of the bridge land operations. of the work, which will cost in the piers. This channel will enable a work During the past month equipment TiHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3

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The mighty midget dredge "Mandinga" is excavating a channel to the site of the bridge piers. She claims first honors on the bridge work. for the bridge substructure began arrivlaneous construction equipment. manager for Fruin-Colnon and LeBouef ing from the United States and was set Other arrivals last month included a and Dougherty. Another recent arrival up on Dock 7, the old Balboa coal dock. large drill rig, described by one enis Richard Lowe, project manager for Included in this equipment were three gineer as a gigantic post-hole digger. the Case Foundation Company. heavy cranes with clamshell buckets This drill rig belongs to the Case FounThe first piece of heavy equipment and several electric pumps. The latter dation Company, subcontractors for other than the Mandinga to be used on will be used to unwater the cofferdams placing the concrete caissons in the the substructure work, a yard and a half during the pier construction. tank farm area. A special type never tractor crane, started excavation on SepOn September 18 a large derrick before used here, it is able to drill holes, tember 18 near Esso Tank 22 in the work barge arrived in Balboa from San of 36 inches in diameter, up to 80 feet La Boca Tank Farm section. Francisco under tow of the tug Donna deep. In the meantime, Concreto Panama Foss. Aboard the 75-by-150-foot work Key personnel for the substructure Ia be settimu, baching pant barge were 180 tons of steel bracing contractors are also on the Isthmus. has been setting up a batching plant for the cofferdams, two medium landRaymond E. Flint, a Fruin-Colnon vice near one of the old coal pockets on ing craft which will be used to shuttle president, has been here for several Dock 7. Framorco, another Panama concrete from the watching plant on weeks. He was joined recently by firm, has brought in an aggregate proDock 7 to the pier sites, and miscelHomer Stokes, who is to be project cessing plant for concrete aggregate and is setting this up at Gamboa. The processing plant had been used on the Interamerican Highway work at Aguadulce. Grading and earth work on the east approach to the bridge is being done under contract by Bildon, Inc. This project is now appproximately 40 percent completed. It involves grading and cutting back of Reservoir Hill in the Chorrillo area and construction of a large fill across the Gavilan mud flats. The core of the Gavilan fill is rock from Sosa Hill; the lighter fill material comes from the grading at Chorrillo. Fourth of July Avenue is also being widened 4 from J Street to the Limits and the streets at the Limits rearranged for bridge access. On the west bank, grading is completed for the west approach. Later, / both approaches will be paved under a separate contract. -, -This concrete aggregate processing plant is shown as it was being moved to Gamboa. 4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

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NEW DIRECTOR A MAN WHO has been familiar with the Panama Canal and its operations for a number of years has been added to the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company with the appointment of former Congressman John J. Allen to the spot formerly occupied by Ogden R. Reid, now U. S. Ambassador to Israel. The appointment was announced by Wilber M. Brucker, Secretary of the Army and stockholder for the Panama Canal Company. Mr. Allen, who served as a Representative from California for twelve years, is now Assistant Secretary of Commerce. He will attend his first Board meeting this month when the Panama Canal Company's Board of Directors holds its quarterly meeting in Washington. During his years in Congress, Mr. Allen served as a member of the Panama Canal subcommittee of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Commission and at one time was its chairman. He has made at least three visits to the Canal Zone, the last of these in March, 1957. During one of his earlier visits, when he was chairman of the Panama Canal subcommittee, he attended one of the monthly Shirtsleeve Conferences, the first Congressman to do so. Born in Oakland, Calif., he attended the University of California and took a degree in law there. For some time he practiced law in Oakland in partnership with his brother, Liston 0. Allen. Mr. Allen and the Governor are shown here He is a Navy veteran of both World Wars. during the new Director's 1957 visit to the Zone. OBNAMENTAL TREES, PALMS, and shade cently died of old age. Near the Health trees, some of which are leaving the Bureau Sanitation Office in Ancon, a confines of the nursery at Summit Caryoung shade tree, whose ancestor was dens for the first time, are being planted sent to the Canal Zone from Washingin Canal Zone communities these days ton, D.C., is starting life in a tropical by the Grounds Branch of the Coincommunity. This variety-the species is munity Services Division. not known-sent here as an experiment, ERThe local version of Arbor Day is did so well at Summit Gardens that its part of a Panama Canal Company prooffspring are gradually being distribarmto replace trees which have either uted around the Canal Zone wherever died or been removed from Canal Zone large shade trees are needed. town in ecet yers. omealsoare Another newcomer to the Canal Zone being planted to 'beautify spots which outside the Summit nursery is the golden d never before have been shaded by trees. latania palm, a shorter variety of the fan ofR.palm. Some of these have been planted One of these isthe sectionofRsnerheabaRta Srehswrs veclt Avenue running from Fransgipani anertex. oaRti trehueae Street to Corozo Street in Balboa. On So far the program has not moved m-iore trees one side there is now a row of eugenics much farther than Ancon and parts of grandis and bcrringonia, two types of Balboa hut eventually it will take in ornamental flowering trees which will most Canal Zone communities on both grow into large well-shaped shade trees. sides of the Isthmus. The final results Onthe other side, next to the railroad --in most cases-wvill not be appreciable tracks, a rowv of fan palms which will for mn erfrsm ftetes eventual gow t a eigt of75 eet such as the eugenics and barriongonias arc making their first bow to the Catake time to reach maturity. nal Zone outside of Summit Gardens. Others, like the more familiar yellow Nicobar palms, another tall graceful shower trees and the purpple flowering variety of tropical palm tree, have been jacarandas, will show results almost implanted the length of Frangipani Street mediately under the tender care of the to replace other palm trees which reGroundls Branch experts. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 0

PAGE 6

ONLY THE Indians and Eskimos are permitted to use fish traps like this. The force of the T he current moves windmill like arms. ers are on the march THE "FORTY-NINERs" are on the move dodging whales in Frederick Sound on size of Alaska, the tremendous mounagain! The goal this time is the 49th the way. tains and glaciers, and the atmosphere State of the United States of America, The Coopers' trip was exciting from of "get-up-and-go." and the mere fact that it involves a the start, for they sailed from the CanGold? There's still gold in them thar jaunt from the Equator practically to al Zone in the German vessel Essen hills. The Coopers and the Callahans the Arctic Circle has not daunted three which had played a key role in the went panning for gold, and they actualCanal Zone families, accustomed to long rescue at sea of 38 survivors from the ly did get some dust. vacation trips. Accompanied by former burning Colombian ship Rio Atrato. Canal Zone residents in two cases, they Anchorage, said Mrs. Cooper, is a chose Alaska as their vacationland this modern city with a 14-story building, MR. AND MRS. MILLER and their two summer, with strolling on glaciers, fishsupermarkets, and shops where one may daughters, travelling with the Dunlop ing for king salmon, photographing of purchase a Dior model, if so inclined, family, drove over 15,000 miles and, moose, and gold panning as some of and where hamburgers cost $1.50 each as a highlight of their trip, crossed the the highlights. and tomatoes are 55 cents a pound. Arctic Circle by plane. Mrs. G. E. Cooper and her son, Jerry, The Coopers and the Callahans startLeaving Livingston, Mont., the first 14, of Gamboa travelled by ship and ed out on their trailer trip from Anof July, the two families in their resby plane to reach Alaska. There they chorage, travelled up Glenn Highway, pective cars drove through Glacier Nawent on a trailer tour with Mrs. Coopand through Matanuska Valley whose tional Park, visited Banff National Park er's sister and brother-in-law, Lt. Col. farm colony became famous during the and went through Jaspar National Park, and Mrs. Donald M. Callahan, who depression of the 1930's in the United where they encountered a heavy snowlike Alaska so much they requested an States, when 200 families were moved storm. extension of their tour of duty at Fort there. At Dawson Creek, British Columbia, Richardson, five miles outside of AnThe roads they travelled are well the mileage post was marked with a chorage. (Mrs. Callahan was the former maintained, Mrs. Cooper said. But, huge "0" denoting the start of the Alaska Patsy Getman and had attended Canbecause of the frost heave, there are Highway. From Dawson to the boundal Zone Junior College.) Mr. and Mrs. frequent signs warning of a "dip" or ary of Alaska is a distance of 1,221 Allen K. Miller and their two daugh"bump." Moose abounded, usually cows miles and on the third night after leavters, Martha, 18, and Marjorie, 14, of accompanied by calves, but the party ing Dawson the party reached the 49th Balboa went by ship to New York. saw only one grizzly. State. They joined former Canal Zone resiAt Fairbanks, one of Alaska's busiest They crossed the Arctic Circle by dents George and Grace Dunlop and and most crowded cities, Mrs. Cooper plane, and landed at Fort Yukon, about their sons, David, 17, and Robert, 13, was particularly interested in watching four miles north. A young girl from Virnow of Texas, at Livingston, Mont., the work of a gold dredge which, she ginia is the teacher at this settlement from where the two families in their learned, processes 15,000 tons of earth of about 300 native Indians or Eskimos, respective cars set out on the trek to a day. Dredges are a family interest, and she also is the tour agent. As a Alaska. Chester A. Luhr and son, Jofor Mrs. Cooper has been working with memento, each member of the family nathan, 16, of Diablo Heights travelthe Panama Canal Dredging Division has a colorful certificate which states led by air to Petersburg in the Alaskan for 10 years, and her husband is with "Wien Alaska Airline. This certifies Panhandle, where Mr. Luhr met his the dredge Cascadas. that .has crossed the Arctic Circle. brother, Frank, for the first time in 21 They saw Mt. McKinley from the 9th day of July 1959." years. The two Luhr families took off air; and in all their travel by car and Homeward bound, the Millers and the on a 10-day king salmon fishing trip, by air constantly were aware of the Dunlops separated at Dawson Creek, 6 THE PANAMA CANAL REvIEW

PAGE 7

fasCimIatillo to three Zone aIlies to the 49th ptate the Millers coming down through SeatThe Allen K. Miller family retraces their 15,000-mile motor trip on maps of the tle and then across the continent to United States, Canada and Alaska. They crossed the Arctic Circle by airplane. New York, where they boarded a Panama Canal Liner for the Canal Zone. Mr. Miller said he would advise anyone planning a similar trip to drive a car not more than eight to ten years old, and a good set of tires is a must. The Canal Zone-Alaskan travellers also found the "Milepost," a pocket guide to Alaska, an indispensable companion. TEN OF THEIR 15 DAYS in Alaska were spent by Mr. Luhr and his son on a salmon fishing trip with Mr. and Mrs. Frank Luhr, who have been residents of Petersburg, Alaska, since 1943. The temperature ranged between 48 and 54 degrees, and wind and rain precluded photography. But the fishing was good. The Luhrs watched whales cavorting at Frederick Sound, a breeding ground which is closed to hunters. The whales, said Mr. Luhr, leap 'way out of the water, and there is a tremendous noise when they hit water again. He and his son viewed whales at such close range they were able to see the barnacles on their tails. The fishing party travelled the Inside Passage and Mr. Luhr described the beautiful scenery, the picturesque mountains, and the glaciers, where one could hear the ice breaking off, if anchored nearby at night. Alaska, he said, is the last frontier, a rugged land demanding rugged settlers. Both Chester Luhr and his son, however, would like Mrs. Cooper and her son, in interior Alaska, view a moose antler-decorated to go back for a longer visit and a more cache house which holds provisions in the dread event the family home burns. extended fishing trip. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 7

PAGE 8

First nonUnited States citizens, with age and service, to benefit from CIVIL SERVICE RETIREMENT William Jump is the senior employee in the Canal service. SECURITY FOR THEIR old age and protection for minals Division; Joseph Norville, track laborer in the their families became a reality for thousands of nonRailroad Division; Louis Parfait, library assistant, Canal U.S. citizen employees of the Canal organization this Zone Library; and T. C. Taueres, janitor in the Division month as the Civil Service Retirement system went into of Schools. effect for these workers. Civil Service retirements for non-U.S. citizen emSeven non-U.S. citizens will be among the Canal orployees started October 5, 1958, with the provision that ganization employees who will be retired from Canal each member must have contributed to the retirement service during October with full retirement benefits. fund for at least a year before becoming qualified for a Although they have been paying into the retirement pension. Only those employees who became disabled fund for only a year, these seven, like others who will were eligible for retirement between last October 5 and follow them, will receive the same retirement benefits this month. During the past year, there has been an as the United States-citizen retirees who have been average of three such disability retirements each month. paying into the Civil Service Retirement fund for years. Some of those retiring on disability had paid only a They are not the first non-U.S. citizens to retire from few dollars to the retirement fund but they and their the Canal since last October when 9,000 were blanketed families are now receiving full retirement benefits. In into the Civil Service Retirement plan, but they are the addition, widows of non-U.S. citizen employees who first to retire for age and service. died since last October are receiving the same retireHeading the group of non-U.S. citizen retirees is ment benefits as if their husbands had been members William Jump, senior man on the Canal organization of the retirement plan for years. rolls who this year completed 54 years of service, all of The new retirement system, a provision of the 1955 it in the Industrial Division where he is a timekeeper. Treaty between the United States and Panama, proOthers are Louis L. Moolchan, employee of the Advided non-citizen employees with exactly the same reministrative Branch at Balboa Heights-he has worked tirement benefits as government employees in the Unitedat the Administration Building since September, 1914; States. Charles I. Bertoncini, cartographic aide in the EngineerSince last October, non-U.S. citizen employees have ing Division; John Flemming, heavy laborer in the Terbeen contributing 6 percent of their salary for retire8 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

PAGE 9

Worth knowing Next week the people of the Isthmus will get their ment each month and the remainder of the cost of retireannual reminder to be fire conscious. Fire Prevention ment, or about 13 percent, is being supplied by the Week begins Sunday and continues through Saturday. Canal organization and the U. S. Government. Posters, TV shows, lectures and demonstrations to If an employee who had five years of government units throughout the Company-Government organiservice became disabled after October 5, 1958, he was zations will serve to educate the grownups. Children retired and was given an annuity based on his salary and will learn about Fire Prevention Week through conlength of service. If he died, his widow is entitled to an tests in each classroom in the first through sixth grades; annuity for life, or until she remarries, plus an extra the winners of these classroom contests will be given monthly payment for each child under the age of 18. certificates that they are Honorary Fire Marshals. Employees retiring for age or service this month will Both children and grownups will be invited to attend repe es antyrng detrmed b ormlae asednt won a special demonstration during the week at the Panreceive an annuity determined by formulae based on ama Stadium. The program for Fire Prevention Week his pay and length of service. At the age of 60 an emhas been developed by the Joint Fire Prevention Week ployee with :30 years of service can retire at his own Committee, consisting of the Canal Zone Fire Dioption or if, at age 55 with 30 years service, at an annuity vision, the Fire Prevention Units of the Army, Navy, reduced by one percent for each year that he is under 60. Air Force, and the Cuerpo de Bonberos of Panama. At the time the retirement system went into effect -____ last October, there were 642 non-U.S. citizen dock workers who were not included because they worked part Two new standard-type harbor tugs with 1,800 horse170 w reotese e power engines, will be purchased this fiscal year by time. Since that time approximately 170 of these emthe Panama Canal Company. One will be used by ployees have been included in the retirement plan and the Dredging Division and the other by the Navigathe benefits are gradually being extended to others. tion Division. The two new tugs are in addition to a Approximately 4,200 non-U.S. citizens who left the special purpose, 2,400 horsepower tugboat on which Canal service before the Civil Service Retirement plan bids are already being solicited by the Panama Canal was placed in operation are receiving monthly disability Company. This tugboat, designed by Thomas D. relief payments from the United States Government. Bowes, Ncw York naval architect and engineer, will These payments add up to a yearly total of more than be used by the Navigation Division in Gaillard Cut. $1,900,000. __ Louis L. Moolehan works in the Mail Room at the Heights. The problem of skin cancer, common among light skinned, blue-eyed people who make their homes in the tropics is being studied by the Canal Zone Health Bureau and plans are being made to conduct a survey aisiong Canalemployees who spend a major part of their working day in the open air. A medical team, headed by Dr. A. W. McFadden, Dermatologist at Gorgas Hospital, will set up stations sometime this month in such areas of employee concentration as the Canal Locks, the Terminal Buildings, and the In-industrial Areas on both sides of the Isthmus. Doctor McFadden will examine any employee who volunteers and if evidence of skin cancer is found, an appointment will be made for laboratory tests and medical treatment. If skin cancer is discovered early, hospital treatment is usually limited to visits to the Out-Patient Clinic, Health authorities pointed out. It will be a lot more comfortable soon for patients waiting to see a doctor in the Gorgas Hospital OutPatient Clinic. Air conditioning of that section, which includes the blood bank and the laboratory located in Section A, is to be completed by the last part of October. The work vhich began there earlier this year also included the installation of a suspended ceiling and fluorescent lighting in the waiting room. Air conditioning also will be completed in October in the main office of the Industrial Division at Mount Hope. THE PANAMA CANAL REvIEw 9

PAGE 10

Who's the frosting on the Zone hospitals' cake? FC 6 eraid L Gleich and Gray Lady Henrietta Alexis sample a cookie from the oven in the Red Cross lounge at Gorgas Hospital. "ARE YOU DIZZY when you raise your head?" the doctor asked the man lying in the Gorgas Hospital bed. For a split second, the patient just stared at him blankly. Then he heard the question again, this time in his own language. His face lighted up and he began to talk, pouring out a whole string of symptoms almost too fast for the interpreter to keep up with him. The interpreter that day was Mrs. Gerd Gordon, one of the 51 Gray Ladies who give more than 7,000 hours of volunteer service each year to Gorgas Hospital and its patients. Like a number of the volunteers, Mrs. Gordon is fluent in several languages. When she finished her 12-hour course of Red Cross Gray Lady training, she chose interpreting as one of the services she would like to give at Gorgas. Not all of the Gray Ladies are as talented linguistically as Mrs. Gordon is, but each has some special field in which she does best and to which she is asMrs. Veda Pence and her handicraft brighten days for patients signed. in the Chest Section. She has given hundreds of hours of service. Gray Ladies trundle bookearts to wards and rooms. Below, Mrs. Gray Ladies bring recreation to patients. SP-4 R. B. Stahl, in H. J. Quinlan helps PFC William Wells choose reading matter. bed, and Cpl. W. C. Leister enjoy a game with Miss Thoms. TA AA4, p' > 10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

PAGE 11

Mrs. Virginia Barber of Albrook, above, receives her cap from Miss Dorothy Powell gets her 75-hour stripe for service Miss Beatrice Simonis, the Gorgas Hospital Nursing Service Director from Mrs. Tina Feierlein, the Volunteer Services Chairman. Miss Rosita Thoms, for instance, is the sort of person or pencil, read to those who cannot see. They play who has a gift for cheering people up, and her specigames with or teach crafts to others who are a bit more ality is recreation work. She serves as hostess at ward mobile. They wheel cartfuls of books from bed to bed parties, teaches crafts, helps ambulatory patients bake in a perambulating library service, serve as escorts for cookies in the diminutive kitchen in the Red Cross visiting entertainers. lounge, or wields an expert popcorn shaker. The paThey shop for the hospital patients; one Gray Lady tients-and Miss Thoms-have a wonderful time. was delegated to buy a complete winter wardrobe for Nor does she restrict her activities to Gorgas Hosa merchant seaman who was being sent back home. pital where she is one of the leaders of Gray Ladies They entertain youngsters in the children's ward, conin the number of volunteer hours-683 last year for duct bingo games, or serve as hostesses for parties in her. In her spare time, she also serves as a volunteer the various wards or in the Red Cross lounges. And, at the Santo Tomas Hospital del Nifno. as an extension of the service which the Red Cross The service provided by the Gray Ladies at Gorgas offers in other hospitals, the Gorgas Gray Ladies also and Coco Solo Hospitals and by the Gray Ladies and work in the hospital clinics and in the Chest Section. Gray Men at Corozal Hospital has been described as Few of the Canal Zone's Gray Ladies, or Gray Men, the "icing on a hospital's cake." These volunteers, 79 are able to spend as much time as volunteers as Miss in all, offer the morale-building attention which busy Thoms does but there are a good many who proudly doctors and nurses do not have the time to give. wear the red stripe for 75 hours of volunteer service The volunteers visit patients, sometimes just to talk. in a year. Some of the Gorgas Hospital volunteers They write letters for those who cannot handle pen have to fit that service in after business hours. The Gorgazette, a monthly, is put out by the Gray Ladies. Mrs. Gray Ladies perform various services in the Gorgas clinics. Anona Kirkland interviews Dr. Julieta Burda, an optometrist. Mary P. Langalis is assigned to duty in the obstetrical clinic. THE PANAMA CANAL REvIEW 11

PAGE 12

During the past fiscal year, THE DIRECT BENEFITS PANAMA CANAL TO PANAMA OF MEANT $24,000,000 WHAT DOES THE PESENCE of the Panama Canal organization in the Canal Zone mean to the Republic of Panama? )Asid fom these diret oxpooditors there is oo way of In terms ofdollars-ad-cents it meant, during thepat accurately tabulating tho many hundreds of thoetands of fiscal year, dir ect benefits of $24,000,000 to the Republic's dollars which flow into the Republic from the private buying growing economy and uncounted hundreds of thousands of V of the people who live in the Canal Zone and from their indollars in indirect benefits. dividally employing maids od gardeners from Panama. Repreen otinnceas oand one-quarter millio' dolThe sale of every automobile or air conditioner, string of lars over the preceding year, the figure of $24,000,000 is a peatlso bottle of perfooe, tot of olothtso place stting of made op of actual direct expenditures on the part of the -silver means a profit to a Panama bsiessman. W en a CanCopy-o et al Zone family buys airplane tickets or makes travel arrangeIt is byono means an all-inelssive tabulation. It does not msots in the Republic, when a family has dinner at a Paninclude the $1,930,000 annuity f0o the United States to the "aa restaurant, when somone buys lottery tickets or liquor, Government of Panama, the payrolls of other United States + this money goes to bolster Panama's economy. Cocavsbsoesrt agencies to the C anal Zoot, the pu hes. Jobs for hundreds of workers were available through many contracts b sod of a Navy barracks into the new Cristobal High SAhooL psox ertely df former tem ployees of the Compay-CocPoanosoa by those agencies, or those of Coanol Zone famtltes. esosseot msot of sohoms loot so the Republico droaw o totol of It does include the Company-Goveentt payrolls of those 10,000 lives in the Republic of Panama and much of their moment concrete products lumber, plywood, tiles, brick, etc. 01900n,000 o dsoabslty w elisef payments. Thp s oney ft spot whose wages are tied to Canal Zoet money value take-home pay goes into shelter, food, clothing and other arAnd while they are not produced in Panama, such items a s $ m syo.op of Company-Government contracts held by local firms, the ticles of day-to-day living. Those who are citizens of Panama stainless steel tables and cabinets, iron grillwork, and sillIf all of these, tongble od intong.ble ee ddd tocost of construction materials bought in Panama by the Compay income tax to the Republic, whether 00 ot they live work (like doors and door frames) are assembled it the If aer theta nbld ar d tang$b4, wad te posry-oods tot, nd the amount spent in the Republic for thee 0 to the Co$al Zoe. This yeo's payroll t igore o eds Repblse and purchased there for Canal Zone constrUction gether, the totol w d book esowed tn o2 0cia xpen itu rthe consusoer good's oad servcoes. by slightly ocer $100,000 the payroll too those emsploytes foe projects.Cmoo oeoostbooohs oofoo oedtes By far the largest of these subdivisions is the $17,300,081 the previous fiscal year. The last of the three major subdivisions of the $24,000,000 payroll for the approximately 10,000 men and women whose The next largest subdivision of the $24,000,000 in direct which the Company-Government's prestnCO means in direct salaries are based on Canal Zone rates. The majority of these benefits to Panama's economy comes from contracts awarded beoefts to Panama's economy is the purchase of consumer by the Company-Government. During the past fiscal year goods and services in the Repoblic. Last year, these purchases The amount of eggs phased in Panama this past fiscal year was work by local contractors totalled a little over $5,000,000, totalled $1,491,979, approximately $30,000 more than during almost double the egg purchases during the previous year. about $1,000,000 higher than fiscal year 1958. the previous year. Of the 60 capital-construction contracts for Company-GovInasmuch as such purchases include meats, seafoods, sugar, cement work awarded during the past fiscal year, all but three bevcetages, toilet articles, automobile parts and supplies, as Went to local firms. They totalled, to money value, $4,700,000. well as many other similar items, they have a direct effect on Local contractors were also engaged during the past fiscal the agricultural and commercial life of the Republic. year oil 26 of the 29 jobs carried over from the previous fiscal year. A total of $955,081 of the $1,491,979 went to buy food In addition to the capital-coostruction projects, the Coiand food products it Panama. Outstanding among these tee pany-Government organization awarded 36 so-called "oper293,523 dozen eggs, worth $171,491-enough to make good nations" contracts during fiscal year 1959. All of those, which many osoelettes for every man, Woman and child in the Canhad a ioney value of $659,000, were held by local firms. al Zone. The past year's egg purchases are a striking indicaEighteen "operations" contracts were carried over froso the toofohegowth of some of Panama's industries. They were precoos yeor. almost double those of the previous year and almost 25 times Painting, the principal work under the "operations" catthose of only five years ago. gory, ieluded an open-end contract for the interior painting Other major food purchases during the past fiscal year of quarters, at a total cost of $168,700. were 1,122,98 pounds of chilled beef, at a total cost of Lost yeor frs shieh held Cosopooy-Cocerment con$339,762; 2,228,189 pounds of sugar, worth $189,261; and tracts employed about 1,500 men who live in Pana s and 488,000 pounds of brewer's grain, used for cattle feed, worth Spend their money in the Republic. $7,320. Additional majo porohases by the Company-CocThere is no firm estimate on the amount spent by contrc. enment organization during the past fiscal year included tors on construction material obtained in Panama. During the beverages worth $133,588, toilet articles worth $25,907, and These machises io the Payroll Branch process checks foe oe 1fff9 p fiscal year, the Cooapoyove'eot oganiatio howutoobile parts and supplies, including batteries, worth CoaoysGovernment employees hose agessare based onC Z. es ooPdid AAod $220,060 iAPNA ols ob Ic w 01AAAaNLsIw % 1 12 THEOPANAACANA LREVIEW Tu;PANAACANAL REcVIEW 03

PAGE 13

DIRECT BENEFITS TO PANAMA OF $24,000,000 Aside from these direct expenditures, there is no way of accurately tabulating the many hundreds of thousands of dollars which flow into the Republic from the private buying of the people who live in the Canal Zone and from their individually employing maids and gardeners from Panama. The sale of every automobile or ai conditioner, string of pearls or bottle of perfume, suit of clothes or place setting of silver means a profit to a Panama businessman. When a Canal Zone family buys airplane tickets or makes travel arrangements in the Republic, when a family has dinner at a Panama restaurant, when someone buys lottery tickets or liquor, this money goes to bolster Panama's economy. And there are other indirect benefits, too. Each year, apremodeling of a Navy barracks into the new Cristobal High School. proximately 4,200 former employees of the Company-Govcement, concrete products, lumber, plywood, tiles, brick, etc. ernment, most of whom live in the Republic, draw a total of And while they are not produced in Panama, such items as $1,900,000 in disability relief payments. This money is spent stainless steel tables and cabinets, iron grillwork, and millin Panama. work (like doors and door frames) are assembled in the If all of these, tangible and intangible, were added toRepublic and purchased there for Canal Zone construction gether, the total would far exceed the $24,000,000 which the pes prhse.hr o CnlZn cntuto Comipany-Government books show in official expenditures. The last of the three major subdivisions of the $24,000,000 which the Company-Government's presence means in direct benefits to Panama's economy is the purchase of consumer goods and services in the Republic. Last year, these purchases totalled $1,491,979, approximately $30,000 more than during the previous year. Inasmuch as such purchases include meats, seafoods, sugar, beverages, toilet articles, automobile parts and supplies, as well as many other similar items, they have a direct effect on the agricultural and commercial life of the Republic. A total of $955,081 of the $1,491,979 went to buy food and food products in Panama. Outstanding among these were 293,523 dozen eggs, worth $171,491-enough to make a good many omelettes for every man, woman and child in the Canal Zone. The past year's egg purchases are a striking indication of the growth of some of Panama's industries. They were almost double those of the previous year and almost 25 times Al those of only five years ago. Other major food purchases during the past fiscal year were 1,122,918 pounds of chilled beef, at a total cost of $339,762; 2,228,189 pounds of sugar, worth $189,261; and 488,000 pounds of brewer's grain, used for cattle feed, worth $7,320. Additional major purchases by the Company-Gov. ernment organization during the past fiscal year included beverages worth $133,588, toilet articles worth $25,907, and These machines in the Payroll Branch process checks for over 10,000 automobile parts and supplies, including batteries, worth Company-Government employees whose rvages are based on C. Z. rates. $15,602. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13

PAGE 14

PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS August 15 through September 15 EMPLOYEES who were promoted or Engineering Division TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS transferred between August 15 and SepMarvin J. Banton, to Supervisory GenBUREAU tember 15 are listed below. Within-grade eral Engineer. Motor Transportation Division promotions and job reclassifications are Norman L. Randall, Jr., to Structural Maurice L. McCullough, to Suervisor not reported. Engineer. Transportation Operations Officer. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Office of Director Clifton 0. Bailey, to Chauffeur. Postal Division Mrs. Faye C. Minton, to Administrative Terminals Division James E. Harrell, Richard C. Hogan, to Services Officer. Lionel J. Duncan, to Leader High Lift Finance Branch Superintendent. HEALTH BUREAU Truck Operator. Division of Schools Gorgas Hospital Segundo M. Zambrano, to Winchman. Aston M. Parchment, to Senior High Mrs. Gloria L. Pierre, to Clerk-Typist. Philip A. Hale, Jr., to Supervisory Cargo Principal, Latin American Schools. Mrs. June A. Brenneman, Virginia E. Assistant. Mrs. Thelma N. Scott, to Clerk-Typing. Dignam, to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Duncan Rook, to Leader Stevedore. Mrs. Frances J. Coffey, Clerk (Typing), Surgery). OTHER PROMOTIONS transferred from Power Conversion Project. Division of Sanitation PROMOTIONS which did not involve changCarlos M. Antioco, from Dock Worker, Margarito Murillo, to Decontaminating es of title follow: Terminals Division, to Heavy Laborer. Equipment Operator. Clara A. Zapponi, Nurse Supervisor, David A. Speir, to Senior High School MARINE BUREAU Gorgas Hospital. Assistant Principal. Navigation Division Albert S. Adams, Engineering Aid, Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch. Ruby G. Williams, Mrs. Elenor V. S. Jose N. Fuentes, from Palancaman, MeMrs. Adelle W. Cooper, Service Center Edwards, to Clerk-Typist. teorological and Hydrographic Branch, to Supervisor, Sales and Service Branch. Agatha A. Linton, Kenneth Drayton, to Launch Seaman. Edward H. Bensen, Marine Traffic ConLocker Room Attendant. Thomas B. McAndrews, to Pilot-introller, Navigation Division. Joan A. Lynch, to Heavy Laborer. training. Mrs. Hazel V. Welby, Public Health Millicent T. Fredericks, to Elementary grt Esopringer, to Clerk-ypit. Nurse, Gorgas Hospital. Teacher, Latin American Schools. Raymond A. Nesbitt, from Substitute OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Marine Mrs. Dorothy B. Huff, to TransportaInspection Assistant. tion Loss and Damage Claims Examiner, Industrial Division Claims Branch. Richard L. Pennington, to Lead ForeFred L. Raybourne, from Theater Usher, man Machinist. Supply Division, to Time, Leave and PayElmer J. Moolchan, from Signalman, Retirement certificates were presented at roll Clerk, Accounting Division. Navigation Division, to Welder. the end of September to the following emJohn Jackman, to Stockman. ployees who are listed below, alphabeticalKathleen M. McGuigan, to AdministraJly, together with their birthplaces, job titles, tive Services Officer, Office of the CompLocks Division length of Canal service and their future troller. Amable G. Palma, to Helper Lock Opaddresses: ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION erator. Carl G. Breitenbach, New York; General BUREAU Mortimer L. Scantlebury, Malcolm N. Foreman, Docking and Undocking, TerWilliam L. Brooks, from Administrative Francis, to Stock Control Clerk. minals Division; 12 years, 6 months, 28 Assistant, Power Conversion Project, to Aleandro Gerald, Cecil J. Dutton, to days; San Diego, Calif. Contract Administrator, Balboa Bridge Timekeeper. Murrel L. Dodd, Oklahoma; Lead ForeProject. PERSONNEL BUREAU man, Road Construction, Maintenance DiJulian S. Hearne, from Supervisory GenMaria Q. Suazo, from Clerk-Typist, Cavision; 19 years, 9 months, 1 day; Project eral Engineer, Engineering Division, to nal Zone Central Employment Office, to City, Calif. Dredging Supervisor, Dredging Division. Clerk-Dictating Machine Transcriber. Walter W. Fox, Texas; Automotive MaContract and Inspection Division Employment and Utilization chinist, Motor Transportation Division; 18 Charles M. Brandl, from Civil Engineer, Division years, 5 months, 8 days; Miami, Fla. Engineering Division, to Project Engineer. Gloria M. Bodriguez, to Clerk-Typist. Mrs. Thelma S. Rand, Michigan; Nurse Frank H. Robinson, Engineering Aid Olga Y. Johnston, to Appointment Clerk. Supervisor, Gorgas Hospital; 31 years, 5 transferred from Meteorological and HyGladys E. Chang, from Clerk-Typist, months, 28 days; remaining on Isthmus. drorahi Banh.Housing Branch, to Clerk-Dictating MaLouis T. Schuberg, New York; Pipefitter, drographic Branch.HfsomgEBratriianCchrk-DTrtatingbMaIndustrial Division; 18 years, 5 months, 28 Bremer L. Jorstad, from Electrician, chine Transcriber. days; Florida. Dredging Division, to Electrical EquipSUPPLY AND COMMUNITY Harry M. Witt, Texas; Repair Shop Forement Inspector. SERVICE BUREAU man, Terminals Division; 32 years, 4 days; Maintenance Division Alfred L. Curtis, to Sales Clerk, Sales Texas. Kenneth George, to Painter. and Service Branch. Harold J. Zierten, Minnesota; Assistant Leonidas W. Urriola, to Helper Welder. Clifford A. Springer, to Waiter, Hotel Principal, Balboa High School; 30 years; Winston V. Bell, to Accounting Clerk. Section. St. Petersburg, Fla. 14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

PAGE 15

ANNIVERSARIES 40) -Years Cyril D. Atherley W. H. Esslinger As a clerk in the Balboa Port Captain's office, he makes daily reports on ship traffic. After W. H. Esslinger, Chief Hydrographer in charge of the working hours he is active in Boy Scouting Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch, has been anand Civic Council work. swering weather questions for 30 years. But water is his major preoccupation-water translated into reliable facts Gaspar G. Paredes for the safe transit of ships from ocean to ocean, as well as to meet all Canal Zone needs. Mr. Esslinger was born He was born in Panama City; has never workin Gurley, Ala. He worked with the U. S. Weather Bureau ed for any other Canal unit except what are at Broken Arrow, Okla., and New Orleans, La., before now known as the retail stores. He now is his service with the Panama Canal Company began in Stock Foreman in the Furniture Pools InSeptember 1927. ventory Records. S Years 20 Years Office of the Civil Affairs Bureau Marine Bureau Frank E. C. Thompson Claude M. Aycock Cleveland A. Dennis Clerk Comptroller Elementary and Secondary Lock Operator Helper George M. Clarke Herman C. Bayne School Teacher George J. Booth H aintenanceman Clerk Thomas Richards Blacksmith Herbert G. Kelly Swimming Pool Operator Hopeton W. Simms Leader Electrician Engineering and Gladston M. Taylor Tailor Martin L. McNaughton Construction Bureau Cleaner Ephraim J. Bonnette Helper Electrician Curtis B. Darden Cement Finisher Harold L. Titus Malcolm B. Perch Customs Inspector F. G. Mitchell Truck Driver Oiler Lock Operator Helper Ariff 0. Ennever Launcelot A. Peat Office of the Alfred C. Blackman Maintenanceman Helper Electrician C trollChauffeur Stephen H. Roach Jocelyn Decosta ompt er M. DeJ. Chiquilani Saw Filer Clerk Maenner B. Huff Painter Kazimierz Bazan Systems Accountant Lloyd A. Gilkes Electrician Supply and Community JohIn Montanye Deckhand Service Bureau Supervisory Systems John F. Meehan Augustus C. George Accountant Pilot John J. McCalla Eduardo C. King Domingo Rodriguez Harmodio Gutierrez Sales Section Head Bookkeeping Machine Launch Seaman Leader Boatman Ernesto Rodriguez Unit Supervisor Frank J. Dolan Gordon 0. Small abreGrenTasotin Control HouseOie StanlryGreen Transportation and Lead Foreman Jose A. Griffith FraLe der Laorer Terminals Bureau Harry F. Willenbrock Pipelayer Clerk Rupert L. Bovell Lock Operations F, C. Treleaven Lucille V. Nelson Wharfbuilder Lead Foreman Paint and Varnish Maker Clerk Hubert Brown Charles J. Sorrell George Varsier Helper Liquid Control House Water Meter Reader Health Bureau Fuels Wharfman Lead Foreman Supply and Community David D. Facey Albert W. Bramwell Arnold Jones Laborer Clerk Launch Operator Service Bureau Lrab oe sa A rc C. T. Swearingen UrirW. Jones Isar Lo motive Control House Winston S. Johnson Engineer Lead Foreman Warehouseman Transportation and Donald C. Parker Seymour A. Price Ivan K. Wade Liquid Fuels Painter Service Station Operator Termials Bureau Dispatcher New York Operations Victor E. Bailey Gordon H. Thompson John M. Adonican Andrew H. Page Watchman Chief Foreman, Fuel Supervisory Clerk Fitz H. Grant Opeatins TIU aNigl it En~gineer Clerk Urville W. Wallace Health Bureau Lawrence G. Hofmann Victor Morris Clerk Agnes E. Hannigan Supervisory Accountant Laborer Medical Assistant Thomas Ender Percival Dowman Marine Bureau (Stenography) Supervisory Contract Warehouseman Abraham Daisey Lillie W. Wood Specialist George M. Standard Chief Engineer Head Dietitian Engineering and Laborer Vivian M. Stewart Personnel Bureau Construction Bureau Orton Harding Laborer Pesne ueuCntuto ueu Laborer Jose Martinez Robert D. Kelly Harris W. Hardy Enid Hyacinth Lock Operator Helper Retirement Clerk Roofer Clerk THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEw 15

PAGE 16

THE SAFETY ZONE BOAT TRAILERS WHILE SPACEMEN SHOOT for the moon, ticularly with regard to lights, brakes All couplings should be securely American earthlings are beating a superand safety chains or cables. mounted by bolting, welding, or rivetoctane track to the water. By the time ing. Don't take a chance on a makethey launch jet-styled boats, don water Ready-Contact! shift arrangement. skis, "lungs," and goggles and grab fish HOw TO GET your boat trailer hitched spears, they look like something spacewithout later losing it on a hill or down The SAE also recommends that men might meet on the moon. But a river bank. couplings be equipped with hand they're having fun. For maximum safety use a frame locks which won't come apart during Biggest boon to the outboard skipper hitch instead of a bumper hitch. The travel, and that the hitch be designed who can't afford, doesn't want or can't Society of Automotive Engineers reso it can be disconnected regardless have a mooring spot for his craft is the commends use of frame hitch for of angle of trailer to towing vehicle. boat trailer. It will get his boat from the trailers with a gross weight over 2,000 back yard to the water. If you are now pounds, but says a bumper hitch is ad(This is the first of a two part series on -or plan to be-an outboard skipper, equate for trailers under that weight. small boat safety.) you should know these basic facts of boat trailing. ACCIDENTS A Perfect Match F FOR k MATCH YOUR TRAILER to your boat and your car. Look for the Outboard Boating THE MONTH Club of America weight capacity rating and if your boat comes within 100 AND pounds of it, for added safety, get the THE YEAR next larger trailer. Remember, you'll probably load your boat with a motor, luggage and extra gear. AUGUST FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS CASES INJURIES LOST Equipping And Loading '59 '58 '59 '58 '59 '58 CHECK YOUR TRAILER with requirements ALL UNITS 215 176 8 5 6,065 130 of the Canal Zone vehicle laws, parYEAR TO DATE 1,842 3,278 86 85 8,900 14,704 others stunned when lightning bit the 10 Years Ago signal tower, and at Ancon the heavy PRESIDENT Harry S. Truman signed two rains started a slide below the new rockcrushing plant on the west slope of the bills 10 years ago this month providing Canal employees. Due for higher salaries as of November 1 were classified 25 Years Ago25employees, firemen, policemen, and Years Ago teachers. 50 Years Ago IN a surprise maneuver, 88 ships of the A fleet of trucks shuttled back and United States Navy, ranging from airforth between Balboa Heights and the DESPITE the heaviest rainfall in the Cut craft carriers to submarines, converged Civil Affairs Building on October 27, since work began, excavation of the on Cristobal for immediate transit late 1949, as the Canal Zone Library moved Panama Canal passed the halfway mark in October 1934. Led by the cruiser its 100,000 volumes to their new home. 50 years ago this month, when the Dallas, the fleet began to transit less 87,494,537 cubic-yard mark was reachthan two hours after arrival in Limon One Year Ago ed. At Empire there were 21.23 inches Bay. Although there were heavy fogs in SOME 9,000 non-U.S. citizen employees of rain during the month; Pedro Miguel the Cut and minor accidents at the were blanketed into Civil Service retirehad 10.55 inches in 10 days; Cristobal Locks-where the carriers Lexington and ment a year ago this month. At the same was drenched with 6.03 inches in a little Saratoga bowled over three lampposts time the last of 4,600 retirements under over an hour and a half. At Cucaracha apiece-the fleet finished the transit in the 20-year old Disability Relief Act one workman was killed and seven 42 hours. took place. 16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

PAGE 17

means simply keeping what you bave the Panama Canal, and especially the This is the third andl last of a series of in working order. Cut, w'as going to have to he widened articles on the Turbulent Fifties, the A new car is a capital improvement and straightened and turned into a twofrenetic decade between fiscal yars for the average family. So are new lane operation. 1959 and 1960. Again this month the curtains for the living room. A paint Much of the Locks equipment was story is told mostly with pictures-this job on the old car, to keep it from being obsolete. Some of its cranes, for inilime on the capital improvements of eaten up by rust or to improve its apstance, were of the 1912 vintage. Corthe past ten years, particularly those on pearance, is not. Neither is a dye job rosion was threatening metallic strncthe waterway itself. on the faded old curtains. tures. Something had to be dlonC to _____________________________________ A capital improvement, a little more permit the periodic overhauls to he acTHE TURBIULENT FIFTIES were technically, is something which has the complishedi in much less than the time not only a time of innovations, some not effect of increasing the capacity, effithey had previously taken. always welcome, and of transitions; ciency, span of life, or economy of Many of the Canal's buildings had they were also a period of expedited operation of an existing fixed asset and had no major improvements since the improvements of most of the elements whieh brings improved morale. Canal was first opened to traffic, or that make up our existence. At no time This immense outlay of money paralsoon thereafter. Streets were too narrow since the end of the construction period leled the greatest increase in traffic in for the increasing traffic. Sewage syshas so much money been laid out in a the Panama Canal's history. During the tems needed a thorough going-over. ten year period as it was during the fiscal year which ended last june 30, Capital expenditures can cover a past decade. Much of this spending was this figure had jumped to 9,718-an multitude of things. The 19.55 budget due to the age and decrepitudle of quarincrease of approximately 78 percent. included two typical items: WVideningr ters and facilities which dated back to It was natural, then, that many of these of a portion of Caillard Cut to .500 fcet the construction days. $86 million should go into capital imat a cost of $1,213,300, and the replaceBetween fiscal years 1950 and 1960, provements for the waterway itself ment of a sterilizer and hot water heater the Canal organization spent $86 mil(page 18) and the Locks (page 20). for the Division of Veterinary Medicine lion on capital improvements. Ships were getting bigger and bigger at a cost of $50. In layman's language, a capital imand from all indications they are conWhatever the amount of the capital provement is a major expenditure which tinning to (10 so. lBigger ships need expenditure, it meant, in some way, results in some betterment. It differs more room for safe sailing. Together, better operating and working and living from maintenance in that the latter bigger ships and more ships meant that conditions for the Canal force. THE~ PANAMA CANAL REVIEw 17

PAGE 18

k Speedy steps were necessary when a deep crack was discovered on Contractors Hill during the Turbulent Fifties. The hill was terraced and some widening done at a cost of $4,000,000. Almost continuously through the past decade, dredges, bulldozers and other equipment have been at work along the banks of the Canal, turning the waterway into a two-way street for traffic. As the Turbulent Fifties ended work was well under way on the $20,000,000 bridge across the Canal, a Treaty commitment. This is the west approach as grading was going on.

PAGE 19

THE TURBULENT FlIES ALTHOUGH MANY OF THE capital improvements to the waterway proper are not obtrusive, anyone who transits the Panama Canal these days can see that things have been going on. He might not know that part of the Cristobal anchorage has been deepened to 40 feet-a $2,475,000 project-or that the electrical distribution system on the piers at Cristobal and Balboa has been modernized-another $1 million or so-or that the piers had new cargo-handling equipment-at a cost of some $125,000, a but he could see that the Canal itself has been and is still being widened in its most obviously narrow spots. And at the Pacific end, even the most casual observer can now trace out the line of the $20 million high level bridge. V AThe Turbulent Fifties saw the end of a Canal improvement project which dated back to 1934, although in a sense this project is now continuing. It called for the widening to 500 feet of Culebra Reach in Gaillard Cut to eliminate danger from slides and provide increased maneuverability for shipping. During the The Fifties were an active period. first part of the past decade expenditures on this project (which The piers got new cargo equipment. cost in all approximately $18 million) totalled close to $4 million, Big shovels worked on excavation. Another $4 million was spent, in the mid-fifties, to cut back the steep rock face of Contractors Hill which was in imminent danger of breaking off and toppling into the Canal far below. As ship traffic increased during the Turbulent Fifties far beyond any estimates, it became evident that immediate steps would have to be taken to enable the Canal to handle more and bigger ships. In 1958 and 1959, over $1,600,000 was budgeted for the removal of the Paraiso Cnrve, one of the trickiest sections of the Canal, and another 81,350,000 went into the 1959 budget for a mooring station at Paraiso. As the Turbulent Fifties ended, additional improvements were underway. These included a system of lighting in the Cut which would allow for night transits of practically all vessels, a new ship traffic control system, and drilling preparatory for further widening of the narrow reaches of the Cut. At Contractors Hill, contractors were again cutting back the rugged face of the hill while near the Canal level equipment as big as six-cubic yard bucket shovels and a 12-cubic yard dredge were at work on the 4Paraiso-Cucaracha Reach. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEw 19

PAGE 20

'I rukbul 91Nr nrrtI INASU CH AS THE Panaa Canal Lockr qalte appropriately hold tle key to Canal traffic, a good part of the $86 million spent on capital txmpr me ntS il the past yas has gone to these stairsteps omer the mouatains. Other than the dappearatie of the nmergenc dams; an original pat of the Locks, few of these improvement are i.ible. As th. B Wrblent Fifties bganc, the Locks were jst embarking on a six-year, $5 million program to Mn17ni/e their electrical distribution systems. For the oross nd an important link w ith Colon Ifor th people of sudh illages as.alud and Pila. Plugs like this installed in the culverts at the Locks speed up the In 153 at a cost of approximately $200,000 the overhaul, increasing the dependable capacity by six vessels per day. ol& ssng was replaced by swinging spans. The same year, the Loeks Division was anth orzed to spend 8600,000 on ten 20-ton cranes to replaw 13 suich machines, some of -which w ere 4er 40 years old, In he mid-fifties, the Locks began what was a aase I of program to speed up transts d. in. ow hail. Ihis thIreeyear, 780000 rogram be gan in 1954,It provided means for unWtermi and overhauling valves in the center wal cuv w ile Ioth locks were in use. When t wis completed it increased the dependable ap acr of the Locks by siX lockages a day. One of the more costly of the Locks inprovenmeis, duri the past ten years, Was the conversion of all freqtwnc y-sesithve machinery for 60-ycie eu-mnent. The job, started in 1956 and p s n completed, cost in thneighborhood of As it decade ended, two other major improveneOnts \ ere about to become a reality. lids were aked for oe powerful tou ing locomotives and for dali h ing for the Lock s, to permit 24-hour The old vehicular crossing at Gatun Locks was replaced by swinging opr ations. ..spans one of which is being set into its place by a powerful crane. 20 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW

PAGE 21

7T Electrical distribution systems were revamped at all of the Panama Canal'sLocks in the first half of the past ten years. The six-year project cost $5 million. -Installation of cathodic protection was a costly project during the past decade. It helps prevent corrosion. rThe emergency darns, part of the original design for the Canal were removed during the mid-fifties. Experiments during the last part of the decade showed that the Locks could be lighted to prevent shadows, improving the handling of transiting ships. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 2

PAGE 22

TUlN FIFTU~ES q 4 9~ ~999~99999~99> >. >997 99 $99A The99 seaedsoa rjc a n hc otne lottruhu the9 pattnyas h ano iyseaedsoa lnaoedrn it cosrcin9' h aigo e misi abawr w motn part ofti.ut-ilo 9ola rjc.Sm okissilt ecm ltd A $9 The9 Canal9 Zoehgwy9oe u ftehre The~~~wie sewages disosa profect washt oneen whchcotiueeamotthrugou. th ps tnyer. heRino Ct swaedipsa lataov urn itscostucion ad helaingofne minsinBabo wre woimoran part oftiZut-ilo olrpoet oewr ssilt ecmlted 49999 $9999999 999 22 THE9PANAMA9CANAL9REVIEW

PAGE 23

With the advent of 60-cycle power, air-conditioning became a possibility for the Canal's office buildings. Shrouded in protective coverings against the rain, these great machines were ready for installation at the Administration Building. Office buildings went modern in the past ten years. The old Ancon commissary became headquarters for the Personnel Bureau. WHIE ALL OF THESE DOLLA$ of the hthmu, It Tvolved the cnssfruetures is either p.r.ed or.d. were being invested in the -waterway struction of sewage treatmnt a~d dis-.way. Air-ceond uonihg m ade working proper and its terinads, things an land posad plauts pumpt stations aNd new Ihiors a 10t moreJ3 pleasato hunded wete niot being neglected. In addition mains. .f> Zonhan~s and others wilson he enjoytto the $45 miihioa which went for power The Canal Zaire' bighwvays, too, came ing it~ icoiversion, new houses, new schools. in fdir at ention during the pst decade. Some~ buildings were remaxdelled fo" improvements to the hospitals, retail Well over a 'million 'dollars has been pisrposes far moved from thenr origStores anid service centers-described ian spent in the past ten 'years inwidexung inal use. The old Aneon comiary he previous "'r'eview"--many more mi and repaving much-travelled' thorughbenme 'the .up-to-date and nslorfuA ca ta~n~ pet n thr way anid Lafoca 'od nthe' Pacifc Th what used to be therestat sec-. esitl mpovmetsside ,n Bojivar highway.and. Espave tion of 'the old Ancon Clubh.use, pay&. Maor Among the improvements of Avenue on the Atlantac, side. Trafic roll machines are now busjdy at work~ his nature was a sewage disposal prolights, a novelty here ten years ago. The $86 ndbon whieh .as heenf gram, started in i95() and originally enbecame comm~tonpace. spent in capital amprovemen"ts dui iiated at oven $9 rmilion. This figure Cen tral offie buildings, such as th TruetFfisddmht ak wa irrdcdconsiderably wna hAdisraonBudlding a aba confusion and change of these years portion of the costs was allocated to the Heights-over $1 million w s spent here m'ore heas able. That Dreary Deadei military services. The sewage disposal -endf the Teri niais Buildings at Crisnow over and dokna with. One 'can hope" Progrnn was planned by a firm of contobal -this was a $5),OO0t projeet-were that the improvements, onpital and sti tauts and encompassed both sides modernized. and work on other public otherwise, will eantinue. T.TE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW.

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New Feeder Service is designed to return the North German TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING Lloyd to its pre-war position as a luxury A NEW FREIGHT service which will link VESSELS IN AUGUST ship operator. British and Continental ports with the Canal and the west coast of Central 1958 1959 New Commodore America is being started this month by Commercial. 777 888 THE NEW ZEALAND Shipping Company the British Royal Mail Lines and the U.S. Government. .13 15 represented here by Norton Lilly and Holland America Line. Four new freight Co. has announced the appointment of ships, running for what is to be known Total. 790 903 Robert G. Rees, skipper of the 0 ~~~~~~~~Capt. Rbr .Resipro h as the Central American Line, will make TOLLS* company's passenger liner Rangitane, fortnightly trips from London and after Commercial .$3,668,186 $4,114,427 as the new Commodore of the New transiting the Canal will call at ports Zealand Shipping Company fleet. Capon the Central America west coast as U.S. Government. 57,763 86,331 tain Rees, who has been making regular far north as Guaymas, Mexico. The Total. $3,725,949 $4,200,758 visits to the Canal for the past several service is being inaugurated by the years aboard the Rangitane, made his Somers Isle, which sailed from Europe CARGO (long tons) first transit as Commodore last month. September 28 and is due at Cristobal Commercial. 4,086,206 4,452,454 A veteran employee of the company, in mid-October. The Somers Isle will U.S. Government. 78,627 104,819 Capt. Rees replaces Capt. W. E. Letbe followed by the Sommaroe, Eleutington, skipper of the New Zealand thera, and the Cienfuegos, all freight Total .4,164,833 4,557,273 line's Rangitiki who retired from service ships formerly on a European-West In*Includes toils on all vessels, ocean-going and small. last month. dies service. Grace Fleet Increases Bremen since 1939 when her famous G "Bremen" Making Cruise predecessor, the 52,000-gross-ton BreTiHIEE NEW CARGO passenger containerTHE NoRTH GERMAN Lloyd Liner men, made the southbound transit as ships are being built by the Grace Line Bremen, largest vessel in the Vest Gerthe largest commercial ship ever to for the Atlantid-West Coast of South mran merchant marine, will make three make the Canal passage. This record America service. Bids on the new vessels trips to Cristobal during the coming still stands. will be opened Washgton this winter cruise season, it has been anThe new Bremen, the fifth in commonth and the ships should be ready nounced here by the Continental Shippany history to carry that name, is the for service by 1962. ping Corporation, agents for the line. former French liner Pasteur which was sBuilt under the terms of Grace s subThe German vessel, which entered the used as a troop transport during the sidy contract with the Federal Maritime North Atlantic service in July, will call war. She was purchased from France Board, the new ships will be the latest at Cristobal January 25, February 14, and rebuilt at the Bremer Vulkan word in passenger cargo design. They thepurhas prcethe will have an approximate grross of and March 3 as part of her regular Cayard. Including the purchase price, the 1 s a sp of gos ribbean cruise schedule. liner cost $25,000,000. Air-conditioned 10,000 tols, a speed of 20 knots, and This will be the first visit to the Cathroughout and equipped with stabiaccommodations for 57 passengers in nal of a North German Lloyd Line lizer fins for smooth sailing, the Bremen wir-conditioned staterooms. The ships will stop at Canal ports on their way to and from Buenaventura and Guayaquil. Panama Agencies, local agents for Grace, has announced that arrangements will be made here for the handling of container cargo. Norwegian Ore Ship THE "SIGBORG," a Norwegian-registered ore ship which carries 35,000 tons of iron ore on each trip from San Juan, Peru, to Baltimore has been a regular Canal customer since early this year. Together with her sister ship the Sigvik, the super-carrier makes the Canal transit either north or southbound on an average of twice a month. The Sigborg, the former Rio Grande, was built in Germany in 1958, has an overall length of 657 feet and a beam of 87.3 feet. She is operated by the Transworld Carriers and is owned by Berge Sigval Bergesen. Payne and Wardlaw are the agents here. 24 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW