Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Vol. 9, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 5, 1959 5 cents


I 1


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~4~4~


PANAMA CAN AL









































NE of the Canal Zone's small-boat owners was grumbling ~to friends the
other day. "You have to put in four or Five days of work For jusi one
day of pleasure," he said. But just a few days beFore, he had been
offered a good price for his boat and had turned it down--indignantly.
He and several hundred other Zonians are-you might say-- in the same
boat. They may growl and complain at the expense and care which a boat
means but, once devotees of the sport, few of them are ever happy again
without a small craft of some sort..
They may shift their allegiance from sailboat to molorboat. from Inboard to
outboard, as many of them have done in the past few. veors ThJYmU~uey may-an
do--argue the mentsj of one type against teohr hs h s hi
boats for Fishing may take a dim view of those who tow water skiers. But
boats they all must have.
In the past Few years, the number of small craft registered in the Canal
Zone has more than doubled. There is an increasing trend to outboards, like
the Danish-built Coronet in the picture above with its owner, Bill Robinson.
But whether they are at the helm of a sailboat or, the ~wheel of a motor
boat, hundreds of Zonians are skimming the whalers of the Canal and the
terminal harbors every weekend, and sometimes after work. The rest of the
time, if you believe them, they are fol owing the adage from Dana's"Two
Years Before The Mast":
Srxx dlays shahl Ihou labor and do all thou are able-
And on the re.enlh--hobstjone the decks and scrape 'Ieo cable."
On pages 8 and 9 of Ihhis issue, "The Review" begins a series on small boat-
ing-the fastest-gro ilng sport In the Canal Zone. This month s story is de-
voted to the small boaters of the Paclllc sIde.












W. E. POTTER, Governor-President a -. I J. RuFus HAnov, Editor
JoHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor ELEANOR MCILIZENNY, Assistant Editor
WIILLIAM G. AREY, JR. Official Panama Canal Company Publication EUNICE RKICARD and WILLIE K;. FRIAR,
Panama Canal Information Officer Published M~onthly At Balboa Heights. C. Z. Editorial Assistants
Printed by the Printing Plant, Moulnt Hope, Canal Zon
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor. The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.





NEW


SCHOOLS


June 5, 1959


Bids to be asked soon


The largest building program offered
for contract by the Canal in several years
will be advertised for bid this month.
It will include extensive additions and
alterations to the plant of the United
States schools on the Pacific side and
construction of the 45 housing units
planned for the coming fiscal year in La
Boca. It is presentl planned to offer
all the work under one advertisement.
Bidders will have the option of entering
offers on all work under one lumnp sum
or on four different items covering three
schools at Los Rios and Diablo Heights,
and the quarters at La Boca-
The school plant work will include
an elementary school at Los Rios, a
new elementary school at Diablo
Heights, and a Pacific-side junior high
school at Diablo Heights. Work on the
latr en His b nvr on rofh dexi ing

room work, construction of two mason-
ry buildings, and the remodeling and
refitting of the gymnasium.
All of the new school buildings will be
of masonry construction. Th two element-
taryy school buildings will be similar in
floor plan, utilizing the '"finger-type" plan
of single classroom depth to give bilateral
ventilation and light. They will both be
oriented to the north for optimum condi-
tions for light and air. In general appear-
ance they will be similar to the Paraiso
elementary school where this type of con-
struction was first used in the Canal Zone.
The Los Rios school will be located on
the elevated ground in the playground
area at a minimum distance of about 150


feet from Anton Street. Broad entrances
for school busses will be provided from
that street on the Gaillard Highway side
of town to a covered loading area. From
this area access to the school buildings
will be by covered passageway.
The school will have 12 classrooms,
each 26 by 30 feet, a slightly larger
room for kindergarten, an air-condi-
tioned music room, school clinic, and
rooms for teachers and administrative
personnel. The teachers' rooms will
be equipped with small kitchen units*
The classrooms will be in the longer
of the two main buildings, which will
be separated by a landscaped patio*
The floor plan and the design of the
Los Rios School were prepared by the
Architectural Branch of the Engineering
Division sometime ago but actual con-
struction was deferred.
The same general design will be used
for the Diablo elementary school which
is to be located on the site of the Special
Engineering Division buildings to be de-
molished within the next few weeks. The
plant there will be somewhat smaller than
that at Los Rios and will have only eight
classrooms, but otherwise will be almost
identical mn construction and facilities.
The two new masonry buildings for
the junior high school will be two-story
structures located adjacent to the existing
elementary school. The frame building
will be extensively remodeled for class-
roomn work. Long-range plans call for the
demolition of this building and extension
of oine of the new buildings to provide


classrooms in a masonry structure.
The larger of the two new buildings
will be located immediately behind the
elementary school. It will contain a
library, study hall, three laboratories,
a home economics room, twvo class-
rooms, two rooms for the faculty and
one for remedial reading, rest rooms,
and storage areas. The home econom-
ics room will be equipped with seven
built-in kitchen units.
The smaller of the buildings will house
the junior' high school shops on the first
floor and music rooms on the second
floor. It will be located east of the existing
frame buildings so that it can be extended
to parallel the larger building at the back
when the school plant is fully developed.
The Diablo Gymnasium is to be, re-
modeled to provide? new lockers, showers,
and dressing rooms in the basement.
These will serve the gymnasium floor on
the second story and will open directly
onto the playing field at the school.
All three buildings are to be connected
with covered passageways. The entrance
to the school is also to be widened and
covered areas provided at the front for the
loading and unloading of school busses.
The general designs for the new Di-
ablo school buildings were also provided
by the Architectural Branch, although
final designs and specifications are being
prepared under contract by Sanders &
Associates, a Panama architectural firm
which has handled a number of~ other
major design jobs for the Panama Canal
Company in recent years.


The Canal Zone's two new elementary schools will be light and airy. They will look much like the architectural rendering above..


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3

























Leaves are whisked out of gutters as if by magic as a tractor with Andres Guiomns at
the wheel tows the giant-sized Good Roads Scavenger through a street in Balboa.


A bright red monster with an insati-
able appetite--for leaves-is snorting
around Pacific side streets- these days.
The monster, a Rube Goldberg type
of machine, is really a new piece of
equipment placed in operation recently
by the Grounds Branch of the Commun-
ity Services Division. Officially it is
known as a Good Roads Scavenger but
others are more apt to refer to it simply
as a leaf picker-upper.
The machine is actually a super or
king-sized vacuum cleaner with a large
rubber suction tube operated by an
outrider who sits in a small seat at-
tached to the side of the contraption.
From his perch, the operator is able to


move the tube about and pick, up leaves
from the gutter or along the sidewalk.
The machine is towed through the
streets by a tractor and when the leaf
picker-upper operator wants to stop or
execute some special maneuver, he sig-
nals the driver of the tractor with a horn
attached to his outrider seat.
People at the Grounds Branch say that
the new machine operates like a charm
and is much moore efficient than other
street-cleaning methods used in the
Canal Zone previously. It is able to
clean up a whole community in one day.
A similar machine in a less brilliant
hue is operating on the Atlantic side of
the Isthmus.


From his perch on the side of the machine,
Severino Hernandeiz T. controls the tube.


Annual Alert:


Harold G. Drake, Plans and Operations Dir-
ector of the 3d Regional Headquarters in
Georgia, center, discusses operations with
Governor Potter and JamesA. Brigmnan, who
heads the Canal radiological defense group.


Canal 'Officials gathered in the new Control Center at Balboa H-eights when the Civil
Defense alert hegan. From left: Col. T. G. Faison, E. A. Doolan, Captain Gaddis W~all,
H. L. Donovan. At right: George Logan, map officer, and E. C. Jones at message center.


4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5, 1959


Trhe Red Monster Is Really


A. LEAF


PICKER


UPPER


Ci-vil Defense Forces

RMObilize





UN Secretary

Gets his first look at Panama Canal


United Nations Secretary General Dag H-ammarskjold
was just as interested in the workings
of the Panama Canal
as an ordinary tourist from, say, K~ansas.
The top man in the international organization
spent considerable time last month
with Governor Potter at Miraflores Locks
watching a steady flow of ships move up and down.
H~e was on the Isthmus for several days to attend
a conference of the UN Economic Council for Latin
America. In his job he really covers ground. H~e
flew here from a conference in Geneva,
then continued on to UN Headquarters in New York.
Later in the week, over 25o of the delegates
to the Panama City meeting were guests
of the Panama Canal for a visit to Miraflores
Locks and a partial transit of the Canal.
"1This has unquestionably been one
of the highlights of our stay in this country
and afforded the staff an unique opportunity
of seeing the Canal under the
most pleasant circumstances," Dr. Raul Prebisch,
Executive Secretary of the UN Commission,
said in a letter to Governor Potter.

June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5


ii'


now than it was in his earlier years in
Chiriqui and on the old Summit Ranch,
says Mr. Aparicio. You seldom find the
huge alligators which once were such a
menace to the cattle. Hunters, in search
of skins, have killed off most of the large
ones.
Mr. Aparicio remembers seeing calves
suddenly pulled below the surface and
killed by alligators as they forded streams
during round-up time. They sometimes
attacked both his horse and dog. A
good cattle dog, "Blackie," which he
owned for many years, was pulled be-


neath the water five times by one of the
giant reptiles on one occasion but amaz-
ingly managed to fight off his attacker
and escape.
Although Mr. Aparicio is not a west-
ern style bronco-buster, he does have a
reputation for his ability to break horses
to the saddle, and local riding clubs often
call on him to help in training their
mounts.
Mindi's oldest cowboy joined the
Dairy in 1934 and has been there ever
since. He is a bachelor and makes his
home in Colon.


The herds of cattle which once roamed
along the banks of the Canal have dis.
appeared and most of the cowboys who
slogged through the swamps, fighting off
alligators and roping recalcitrant steers,
have -moved on to other jobs,
Enrique Aparicio is one of the few
genuine cowboys left in the Canal Zone.
After 40 years of tropical range riding
he is still "rounding up" the cattle at
the Mindi Dairy.
Mr. Aparicio became a cowboy when
he was only 10 years old in Chiriqui
where he was born. He has been working
with cows since that time. During World
War I, when cattle were raised in the
Canal Zone for shipment to the Army
in Europe, Mr. Aparicio worked at the
Summit Ranch where he gained a repu-
taltion for being able to rope the meari-
est steers.
He recalls one incident when bets had
been placed that he would not be able
to rope a certain very wild steer that had
roamed through the jungle and defied
capture for days. Mr. Aparicio went
into the jungle, tracked the animal, and
roped him the first day.
At Mindi, on "Stardust" or "Red,"
Mr. Aparicio rides fences, checks water
supplies, weeds out the sick and the in-
jured animals, and does general round-
up work.
Cattle herding is much less hazardous


Enrique Aparicio, on his horse Red, herds cattle into pens at Mindi.


.


Chiriqui Cowboy

rounds-up the cattle at Mindi Dairy






























































Plans are now being completed for
alteration of part of the first floor of
the Cristobal Retail Store building
for use as a railroad passenger sta-
tion. This will occupy space toward
the rear of the Front Street side of
the building-
space for baggage rooms and rail-
road offices will be provided behind
the passenger waiting room.
While plans are not definite, the
remainder of the first floor will prob-
al eP ued to housw thseunitsaf
in the Atlantic side Central Employ-
ment Offie.
Other sections of the building will
probably be used for furniture stor-
age by the Housing Branch of the
Community Services Division.
The retail store will be vacated
the end of this month when its stock
is combined with that of the Coco
Solo Store.


will be completed

status and expect -to seek a transfer to
another Government agency. There is
no time limit for Canal Zone reinstate-
ment nor for transfer to other Govern-
ment agencies once an employee acquires
Career Merit status.
According to the summary of conver-
sions to the Merit System announced at
the end of May, relatively few Canal
employees have failed to obtain recom-
mendabtions for conversion. Less than


sidered qualified for the jobs they hold.
Up to the end of May approximately
5,500 employees had been given Merit
System status, sand another 1,500 will be
converted during this month. Notifica-
tion of this new status will reach these
persons as soon as the papers can -be
prepared. It is anticipated that the ree-
ommendations for the remaining 7,000
employees will be accomplished within
three or four -months.
The number of conversions to the
Merit System thus far includes approx-
imately 1,000 employees who held Civil
Service status when the Merit System
was established last January. All of
these w\ere automatically covered into
the 31eirit System. Most of the conver-
sions made are employees in the Marine,
Transportation and Terminals, and En-
gineering and Construction Bure~aus.
The? Personnel Bureau has an-
nounced that employees who plan to
leave the Canal service at an early date
should notify the Bureau so that con-
version to ahe Mlerit System can be ac-
complished. All such cases will be
handled on an individual basis to com-
plete the conversion before the em-
ployee leaves the service.
If the emplooyee has three or more
years of continuous Federal service, he
will be eligible for career status qualify-
ing him for Canal Zone reinstatement or
transfer to Federal jobs in the United
States with Civil Service status without
the requirements of an examination. This
is especially important for those employ-
ees who do not no~w have Civil Service


Establishment of the Canal Zone
Merit System on a fully-operating basis
for the 13,700 employees of the Comp-
pany-Governmentt is much nearer ac-
tuality than was predicted upon its in-
auguration last January 19.
After a review of work accomplished
in the four-onth period, the Personnel
Bureau late last month predicted that
nearly all Company-Government em-
ployees will be accorded Merit System
status early in the coming ~fiscal~ year.
Last January, it was estimated that this
would require a full year for completion.
Meanwhile, the first employment for a
permanent Canal position was made
early last month from a Merit System
register. The employee to hold this dis-
tinction is Francisco Villareal, Pana-
manian, who was employed as Laborer
M-2, in the Grounds Maintenance Branch.
He had be~en it a, temporary job and
qualified for the L;aborer register by ex-
ammnation held early this year by the
Central Employment O~ffice.
With his employment on the new job,
1Mr. Villareal becomes a "career condi-
tional" employee and his status will
change to that of "'career" employee
upon completion of 36 months of satis-
factory service. This career status
means to him that he will have Group
I rating for retention (reduction in
force) purposes, and he will have perm-
anent status for reemploymrent.
The conversion of the Canal organi-
sation to the Merit System is primarily
a clerical task since, with minor excep-
tions, permanent employees are con-


FRANCISCO VILLAREAL
First 1Werit System Register employee.


for the Canal


A newv gift shop, with spe-
will be built around this


The Atlantic side communities of Coco
Solo, Margarita, and Gatun will have a
modern, two-story department store this
month when the second floor of the Coco
Solo Retail Store opens for business.
The opening date has been set, tenta-
tively, for June 25. Merchandise from
the Cristobal store, which now goes out
of business (see box), is to be moved to
the Coco Solo store earlier in the week
and will be i~eady in its new location by
Thursday, June 25.
The new second floor- adds 21,000
square feet to the Coco Solo store and
more than doubles the floor space.
Personnel from the Supply and Engi-
neering Divisions have been working
for several months on the floor plan
and have developed one which, they
believe, will handle the flow of cus-
tomers better than in any other of the
retail stores in the Canal Zone system.
One wide main aisle will run diag-
onally across the second floor, from en-
trance td entrance. This w~ill be broken
at the center, by the single pillar on the


second floor.
cial lighting,
pillar.


From the wide main aisle, traffic will
flow into the various merchandise sec-
tions, where men's wear, women's wear,
infants' and children's clothing and other
items, shoes, linens, and other domestic
goods will be sold. In addition to the
gift shop, the second floor will also house
a boutique--or little shop-which will
handle gift items of a more personal na-
ture than those sold in the central gift
shop.
Merchandise to be handled at the At-
lantic side's department store will be the
same' as that carried in similar sections
at the Balboa Retail Store. Quantities,
however, will be proportionately smaller
because of the smaller Atlantic side pop-
ulstion.
Stockrooms where reserve merchan-
dise will be stored are located around


6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5, 1959


M lEIT S SEV


M~~IODERN DEPARTMENT STORE








...Worth knowing
Panama Line study. The management consultant firm of Drake,
Startzman, Sheahan and Barclay, of New York, has been, employed
by the Bureau of the Budget to make a study and prepare a report on
the Panama Line operations. The scope of the study will include an
analysis of passen er traffic, cargo trends, terminal facilities, and
transportation requirements of the Canal organization and o her Gov-
ernment agencies in this area. Personnel of the consultant fir are to
be stationed first in the New York office of the Panama Line. Later
they will visit the Isthmus and also spend some time in Haiti.
Student Officers. The end of the school year last month brought
new responsibilities for a double handful of the Canal 2'one's
young people. They are the boys and girls shown in these pictures
who learned, as school ended, that they would serve as officers in
the various Student Associations next year.
At the top left, William Black, outgoing president of the Jun-
ior College Association, passes the gavel to his successor, John
Whitman. At the right are Grady Hester, president, and Worden


.. .. .and the Cristobal ~High School Student Association O~fficers.
French, vice president, of the Balboa Student Association. At the
time the picture was taken, the two secretaries, Barbara Bartlett
and Karen Lytle had not been announced.
And at the bottom are the Cristabal High School Student
Association Officers. F~rom left: Paul Leignadier, secretary; James
Will, president; Molly Engelke, treasurer; Sharon McElhone, vice
president; and Maurice Belanger, treasurer.
School vacated. Evacuation of all school equipment from. the Cris-
tobal High School building in New Cristabal was started this month
immediately after schools closed. The building, which, has been part
of the Canal Zone school system for the past quarter of a century, will
be transferred to the Republic of Panama under provisions of the
1955 Treaty. It is one of the largest structures involved in the prop-
erty transfer. When schools are reopened in the fall, Cristobal High
School will initiate sessions in its new building at Coco Solo.
Dr. Eisen Leaving. Maj. Bruno Eisen, Superintendent of Coco
Solo Hospital. who has been transferred to the WNalter Reed Army
Institute of Research in Washington, D. C., will leave the Isthmus
June 19. He will be succeeded here by Lt. Col. Ralph E. Conant
who will come to the Zone in September from Fort McPherson, Ga.
Dr. Eisen was appointed Superintendent of Coco Solo Hlospital
in August 1957, to succeed Dr. John M. Wilkerson who was retired.
He has been on the Isthmus since July 1956.


canal zone Junior college .. .


. .Balboa High School


June 5, 1 959


ahead of schedule

40 out of the total of some 5,000 pro-
cessed have failed to qualify. Most of
these have not qualified on their jobs or
have records of unsatisfactory conduct.
All of these will be continued mn "status
quo" positions and have been notified
to this effect with an explanation of the
specific effect this may have on their
tenure of employment.
Registers of individuals who have
qualified under the Merit System. have
thus far been established by the Central
Employment Agency only for Laborers
and Helpers, with various options for
each. However, examinations have been
held for clerks, typists, and stenogra-

exetedR t e essta lise ths mothar
The second examination for clerks
is being held this week. The exarmina-
tion for Atlantic side residents was given
Wednesday at the Cristobal High School,
and the Pacific side exam was scheduled
for today at Balboa High School.
A high percentage of applicants failed
to qualify in the first examinations for
clerks, typists, and stenographers held
a few weeks ago. Of the 131 applicants
for clerical positions, 106 passed. Half
of the typist applicants qualified in for-
mal exams, while only 21 of the 82 ap-
plicants for stenographer passed the test.
The high ratio of failures was attributed
to the language factor.
Applications for clerk, typist, and
stenographer positions will be received
on a continuing basis until further notice,
the Central Employent Office has an-
nounced. Formal examinations will be
scheduled at intervals depending upon
the number of qualified applicants. The
names of those qualifying in subsequent
examinations will be placed on active
registers already established.


Zone's AC~tlantic siders

the entire perimeter of the new second
floor. Partitions will separate the stock
rooms from the sales sections. This
will allow for more attractive displays
than are possible in stores where wvin-
dows have to be taken into account.
Shelving will be used on the sales-space
side of the partitions and peg-boards will
be installed in some locations for me~r-
chandise displays. The store will be ar-
ranged so that self-selection and over-the-
counter sales can be made, depending on
the type of merchandise in the various
units.

Planners of the layout have put much
stress on appearance, as well as conven-
ience for customers and sales personnel.
In addition, the planners have designed
the building so that it can be air-con-
ditioned later, if necessary. This will not
be done, however until funds are available.










r
c --.--se ~l~1~1~SL
1


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9


II


The replacement value of the go boats which make the Balboa Yacht Club their home is estimated at well over SI,ooo,ooo. Th~ boats range in size from So-odd footrcabin cruisers to 8-foot outboards. A long fingerpier splits the mooring area almost in half.


are trailer-type boats, many of them outboards. Some of
thememers lie te cub' resident, G. C. Lockridge,
built their own boats andtaiesOhrsav oen
for the fancy new fibreg ass boats, some of which are
imported from Europe.
wi~dheerob wiih adnj lnstwo bot ssimu tn $ul
This ramp has just been concreted. It has a moderate
grade but is unusually long because of the high Pacific
tides. The Club also has a mooring area for 24 boats
and a parking lof for cars and trailers, but no clubhouse
or other social life. It was organized six years ago for
Fishermen. Its members are still so designated.
The smallest of the Pacific-side clubs is that at Pedro
Miguel. Its membership of over 60 is mostly social.
The Club has a launching ramp For outboards but most
of tsbots ieupat mooring or alongside the dock
which is soon to~h beb'~g replaced.' Its land-locked position
cloes not restrict its boats. The 34-Foot cabin cruiser "Tin
Goosee" For instance, owned by D. H. and V. F. Spencer,
locks down Frequently For ocean fishing trips.


Big boats, little boats, sailboats, motorboats, boats a
yacht clubs, boats from carports, boats on loading ramps
imported boats, homemade ~boats, expensive boats
simp e boats, sail, scoot, or slip through or over the wa e
of the Pacific side.
hMeosb o tihemI fl hetbhurge o sbebr te insgnte ofD !
blo Spinnin Club, or the Pedro Miguel Boat Clut:
which toget er have over 400 members.
The 90 boats moored at the Balboa Yacht Ciu
are, primari y, deep-water craft. One of the large; i
the 48-foot cabin cruiser "Pescadora," once owned by
Capt. Clifford Payne, later a Navy patrol craft, and now r
the property of Elmer Orr and Barney Forgeson. She has l
a longer cruising range than most local power craft.
Outstanding among the sailing craft is Wally Pearson's
"Tondelayo," a 46-Foot auxiliary ec hc ebic
himself and on which he has saiedto thchhe Galaagos
None of the 90 boats owned by SpinningCu e
bers is more than 26 feet long. Under Club r~ulesaI


~aJ1


Boating's a "togetherness" sport. At the Diablo Spinning Club, Mrs. Bill Rob-
inson, Erik, Paul, and Bruce all supervise the launching. Bill does the work!


Ernest C. Devine sailed his 37-foot ketch
Symbol here from Seattle some years ago.


Sydney Albritton, of Diablo Heights, is building his 21-footer At the Pe ael Boat Club the boats are
from native Maria plywood. It will be covered with fibreglass. tied' up stone's throb of the Locks.

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5,1959 June 5;1959


The double marine railway at the Balboa Yacht Club is almost
constantly in use. Reservations are made well ahead of time.


Everyone gets into the act. Los CluZados was built and
is owned by the Bob Lessiack and Bob Adams families,


BOATING


f RStest growing


ZTORPO SNEZ


.A





It will be July and not April but


three others who will join the tour in Rome.
From New York the tour party will
take an overnight flight to Lisbon, the
first European stop. They then work
east, through Spain, southern France and
Italy, before they start north again into
Austria, Switzerland, Germany, and
France. In Germany they will make the
famed Rhine River trip by boat from
Frankfurt to Koblenz. Their longest
stays will be in Madrid, Paris, and Lon-
don where they will have four full days
at each place. Young Janice Scott, 15,
who is the youngest member of the party,
is looking forward to Paris with especial
interest; she already has a date lined up
there, she says.
From Paris, the tourists go on to
Belgium and Holland before they cross
the English Channel by plane for Lon-
don, the last scheduled stop on the
tour. Several of the party plan to ex-
tend their stay abroad to visit Ireland
and Scotland but most of them leave
London by jet plane on August 1, on
their way home.
Members of the tour party are: From
the Canal Zone, Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin;
Mr. and M/rs. Thatcher Clisbee; Mr. and
Mrs. Miguel Coreo; Mr. and Mrs. Henry
L. Donovan; Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Gwinn;
Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Harrison; Mr. and
Mrs. L. E. Horine; Mr. and Mrs. Leroy
B. Magnuson; Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Ran-
dall; Mrs. Lucille Abernathy; Mrs. Jes-
sie Grimison; Mrs. Gladys Baldwin; Mrs.
Catherine W. Taylor; Mrs. Genevieve
Long; Mrs. Elizabeth Sudron; Mrs. Mar-
jorie Jones; the Misses Mary Murphy,
Sara de la PefIa, Bertha I. Frensley,
Bernardine Hanna, and Janice G. Scott;
and Henry J. Chase.
From Panama: Mr. and Mrs. Law-
rence Adler, Mrs. Catharine W.~ Fisher--
Mr. Adler and Mrs. Fisher are retired
from the Panamna Canal service, Mr. and
Mrs. Rodolfo Herbruger, Mrs. Carmen
Fernandez, Miss Maria del Carmen
Mongo, Miss Maria Abaisa, and David
Robles; and from the United States,
Mrs. E. G. Miller and Miss Juanita
Magruder.


"LShall I take this one?" Janice Scott asks her grandmother, Mlrs. Jessie Grimison,
who is checking a guide book to see what clothes are needed for a European trip.


With Floyd H. Baldwin, General Aud-
itor of the General Audit Division, as
their guide, mentor, adviser, and director,
some three dozen Canal Zonians are off
to Europe next week on what they de-
scribe as the First Annual Canal Zone-
European trip.
When they finish 54 days of traveling
by plane, train, bus, and boat, they will
have visited 21 cities in 11 countries, in-
cluding the tiny principality of Monaco.
As companions on their travels, the
three dozen or so Zonians will have nine
residents of the Republic of Panama and
two women who live in the United States
and learned of the tour from relatives
here.


For most of the tourists, the trip will
be their first abroad, but there are
several in the group who are old hands
at European travel--such as Sara de la
Pefia of the Canal Zone District Court.
Miguel Corco, who is just winding up
40 years of Panama Canal service, was
born in Olat in Spain; he has made
several trips abroad.
The European tour officially gets under
way next Tuesday when about half a
dozen persons leaving from the Isthmus
board a Pan American Airways plane at
Tocumen Airport. In Ne~w York they
will be joined by 34 others who had pre-
ceded them for a short leave in the United
States or for other personal reasons, and


Warning to Parents: ~"~~~'"p,


:onians to take advanced
at Balboa High School

United States equipped to offer this
course.
The science students here, and in other
schools offering this course, will work
from a specially edited four-volume text-
book and laboratory manuals.
They will start with the volumne called
The Universe which deals with the basic
concepts with which the students must
have a minimum acquaintance before
they can come to grips with more de-
tailed matters of science.
As they move on to the more detailed
studies, the students will work on light
and waves, force and motion, and elec-
tricity and atom structure.
The textbooks will be supplemented
by a number of training films and by
supplementary reading on a variety of
scientific and historical topics.


Isthmian parents who are still not
quite convinced that the atom is no
longer the smallest bit of matter, who
haven't the faintest idea of what an ion
exchange is, and for whom the inven-
tions of Edison and Marconi are still
the marvels of the century, are in for a
terrific shock.
Sometime next year, provided they
are parents of certain Balboa High School
students, they will watch, hem~azed, as
their youngsters construct atomic struc-
tures from Tiner Toy sets, listen in be-
wilderment while these same young
people explain why Saran wrap sticks to
itself, and try to grasp the principles
advanced by Dr. Edward Teller.
And before the year is over, they will
become quite familiar with the phrase,
"But it's simple--look."
The course in which these young soi-
entists will be learning these and many


other fascinating facts is to be taught by
Dem~itt E.Myers, member of the Balboa
High School faculty for the past five years.
H~e is preparing for this strenuous new
course this summer at the National Science
Foundation Summer Institute at the Uni-
versity of Connecticut*
The course, which is designed for
advanced achievement sections, has
been developed and was inaugurated
by the Physical Science Study Commit-
tee at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. It can be used only in
high schools where physics teachers
have been specially trained. When
the course was first offered, in 1957,
it was given in only eight high schools
in the United States. This year, Bal-
boa High School will be one of approx-
imately 300 schools throughout the


10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5, 1959


They're going to see Paris





ON T'HE COVER
Kenny Wiberg, 7, of Margarita, is
much too young to appreciate the
history represented by the great
Spanish anchors which stand in
front of the Terminals Building in
Cristobal. But it is quite evident to
Kenny that the anchors are a bit too
large for his sailboat, the same gen-
eral type craft as that which carried
the anchors.
The anchors were discovered in
1911 in the jungle along the chagres
River, not far from the old town of
Las Cruces. They are several hun-
dred years old. Local historians say
that early in the 16th century, ships
were disassembled on the Atlantic
side of the Isthmus, the parts car-
ried across to the Paci~fic Ocean and
the craft reassembled there.
One legend has it that the anchors
now in Cristobal were ferried up the
Chagre~s by boat and unloaded at
Las Cruces for overland transport to
Panama. One of the 40 men carry-
ing one of the anchors stumbled
and fell. The others dropped the
anchor which crushed and killed
seven of its bearers. For years this
location bore the name of Mata-
exete, or "seven killed."
When American forces found the
anchors, they hauled them several
hundred yards on sledges to the
Chagres River by block and tackle
and floated them by raft to Cristo-
bal. The anchors lay for years in
a storehouse at Mount Hope before
they were moved to their present
location in 1918.
The stocks of the original anchors
were of wood which was replaced by
concrete in 1931. The stocks meas-
ure to feet 8 inches in length. The
length of the shank between crown
and stock is 12 feet, one-half inch.


50 Years Ago
The last of 480 concrete monoliths was
set in place on the floor of the spillway
at Gatun Dam 50 years ago this month,
completing the north section of the floor.
At the nearby locks, one chamber was
almost ready for concrete pouring.
Although there was still considerable ex-
cavlalton to be done sn the east chamber at
Pedro Miguel Locks, work was progressing
so rapidly on the west side that the excavc-
tion there woould be completed by the end
of the month.
The last steam shovel work on the
Obispo diversion was completed June 1,
1909, and two days later the temporary
outlet of the channel into the Cut op-
posite Las Cascadas was closed, diverting
water into the Chagres River above the
Gamnboa bridge. The diversion was to
keep the water on the east side of the
Cut, north of the divide at Culebra, from
flowing into the Cut.
A portion of the breakwater under con-
dtruction at N'aos Island--nnow the cause-
woay from Fort Amador--gave way 50 years
ago thus month almost two miles from the
mainland. The break was due to a sliding
movement sn the thick deposit of mud which
underlay the fell and was the first major
trouble in the three years of dumping.

25 Years Ago
Isthmian-wide preparations were under
way 25 years ago this month for a visit
fromn President Franklin Delano Roose-
velt. He was to leave the United States
June 30 for Hawaii, via the Panama
Canal aboard the cruiser Houston. He
had accepted an invitation from Pan-
ama's President to be Panama's guest
during his stay here.
Over the objections of ship owners, the
House of Representatives passed a bill
abolishing a dual system of measurement
for tolls on ships transitiang the Panama
Canal. The vote was 99--48.
Representatives of organized labor in


the Canal Zone appealed to the Comp-
troller General of the United States for
a ruling which would determine definitely
whether or not a 40-hour work week
could mean a decrease in pay.
Beginning in July, the Governor of The
Panama, Canal announced, the Canal or-
ganization would be prepared t~o asset the
repatriation of unemployed West Indians
and their families. The head of the family
had to have at least three years of United
States Government service.
Another official announcement notified
cattlemen in Panama that the Canal
organization was ready to buy 150 head
of local cattle a month for slaughter at
the Mount Hope abattoir.
Record classes--to then--were graduated
from the two Canal Zone high schools in
June 1984. At Balboa High School there
were 104 graduates; at Cristobal High
School, 58.
10 Yer A o

In Washington in June, 1949, a vice
president of the Association of American
Railroads told a House Committee that
Panama Canal tolls were much too low.
Canal users should pay at least 50 per-
cent more than they were, he said.
Informal discussions were going on ten
years ago this month between the United
States and Panama concerning the con-
struction of a concrete highway from Rio
Hato to the Costa Rican border.
Frank H. Wang, Acting Engineer of
Maintenance and former Executive Seo-
retary, retired from the Panaama Canal
after more than 38 years of service.
One Year A gO
Fior the first time in the almost 44
years of Panama Canal operations, major
trouble developed, a year ago, in one of
the Canal's look chambers. The thin
concrete floor of the Pedro Miguel Locks
buckled under hydrostatic pressure; ap-
proximately 8,000 square feet of fl~oor-
slab had to be replaced.


She once made history but the end o etm a a u
comes ini a shipyard at Baltimore for

A sturdy old tug which made maritime history as the first
sea-going craft to transit Gatun Locks, has come to the end
~: of her days. At the left, the former Panama Canal tug ~aiun
,is shown as she was being dismantled at Baltimore recently.
.; The historic lockage took place September 26, 1913. Among
the passengers aboard the Gaiun were Col. H. F. Hodges, Lt.
Col. William L. Sibert and his family, and Lt. George R.
Goethals and his wife.
~ The tug bore four names during he~r half-century-long career.
She was built as the H. B. Ch~amberlain in Philadelphia in 1902.
Purchased by the Isthmian Canal Commission, and renamed
Gatus, she arrived here June 25, 1906, and served the Canal
throughout the construction period and for years afterward.
She resumed her original name when she returned to the States
but was later rechristened the Point Breeze and under that name
ran for towing companies in Baltimore and Philadelphia. In Au-
gust 1933, she went down in Chesapeake Bay during a hurricane.
After she was raised and returned to service she was renamed
June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 the Chester, a name she retained until she was dismantled.












TRANSFERS


April 15 through May 75


The latest thing in radio-supervised time control


bune 5, :1959


Employees who a~rc pronallrl: l ..r rranls-
ferred between Apirll 15 andr ~11.sy 15 are
listed below. Wailhnl~..grad prnmtlions(II are
nlot reported.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
John B. Coffey, from Group Chief. to
Foreman, Prinintm Plant.
James N. H~owell, from Clerk to Mail
Clerk, Records Section.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Alfred E. Osborne, from Departmenlt
Head to Director, Division of Schools.
Mrs. Aldona V. Skeitstitis, from Clerk-
Typist to Clerk (Typing), Police Division.
Ruth E. McAlman, Gladys D. Urena,
Sarah I. Dolphy, Hilma D. Watson, Mnavis
McNichols, from Substitute Teacher to
Elementary Teacher, Latin American
Schools.
Mrs. Patricia S. Bailey, from Recreation
Leader to Swimmning Pool Manager, Divi-
sion of Schools.
Mrs. Hilda W. Butcher, Library Assist-
ant, from Division of Schools to Canal Zole
Library.
Mrs. Maria C. K~idd, from Clerk to Li-
brary Assistant, Division of Schools.
Raul A. Swalm, from Substitute Distri-
bution Clerk, to Distribution Clerk, Postal
Division.
Burton F. ]Mead, from Student Aid, Di-
vision of Schools to Substitute Distribution
Clerk, Postal Division.
Charles G. Dahlstrom, from Doorman
Supervisor, Sales and Service Branch, to
roies.Pr vte, Police Div sion.Susite
Teacher to Junior High Teacher, Latin
American Schools.


1Mrs. Ruth D. Batcheldor, from Substi-
tute Teacher to Elementary and Seconldary
School Teacher, Division of Schools.
Earl L. Janssen, from Guard, Locks Di-
visionl, to Police Private, Police Division.
Marcy H. Carpenter, from Signalman,
Navigation Division, to Police Private,
Police Division.
Edward J. Husum, Jr. from Police Pri-
vate to Police Sergeant, P~olice Division,
Charles E. Phelan, from Substitute Win-
dow Clerk, Postal Division, to Police Pri-
vate, Police Division.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
H-arry D. Raymond, from Supervisory
General Claims Examiner to Chief, Claims
Branch, General Audit Division.
James L. Fulton, from Chief, Claims
Branch, to Chief, Rates and Analysis
Branch.
Russel J. ~nJones, from Chief, Rates and
Analysis Brnhto Assistant Chief Ac-
countant.
John E. Fisher, from Assistant Chief Ac-
countant to Chief, Accounting Policies and
Procedures Staff-
Thomas H. Scott, from Chief, Accountinlg
Policies and Procedures Staff to Assistant
Comptroller,
Arthur J. O'Leary, from Assistant Comp-
troller to Deputy Comptroller.
Alvin B. Goode, Andre J. Louis, from
Addressing Machmne and Graphotype Op-
erative to Bookkeeping Machine Operator,
Accounting Division.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Robert C. Herrington, from Engineman


to Lead Foremnan Public W~orks Road Pay-
ing, Maintenance Division.
Elmer B. Stevens, from Structulral En-
gineer, Engineering Division, to Supervis-
ory Bridge Engineer, Barlboa Bridge Project.
Mrs. Tommie L. Horter, from Clerk-
Typist to Accounts Maintenance Clerk,
Maintenance Division.
Mrs. Ethel W. Brown, from Clerk, Elec-
trical Division, to Clerk-Stenographer,
Contract and Inspection Division.
Millard M. Coleman, from Dipper Dredge
Engineer to Chief Towboat or Ft~erry Engi-
neer, Dredging Division.
Peter S. Legge, from Chief Towboat or
Ferry Engineer to Salvage Towboat En-
ginleer, Dredging Division.
Thomas J. Pimento, Marine Machinist,
from Industrial Division to Dredging Di-
vision.
HEALTH BUREAU
Robert M. Blakely, Jr., Graduate Intern,
from Motor Transportation Division to
Office of Health Director.
Samuel G. W~arner, from Laborer (Pest
Controll, to Exter~minator, Sanitation Di-
vision.
Gorgas Hospital
Mrs. Armonia Y. de Ucros, from Clerk
to Clerk-Dictating Machine Transcriber.
Edwin W. Belgrave, from Hospital At-
tendant to Messe gr.
Arthur Willi ge .fron Medical Aid to
Medical Technician.
Urnston O. Lewis, from Medical Tech-
nician to Morgue Attendant.
MARINE BUREAU
Albin E. Coke, from Firefighter, -Fire Di-
vision, to Guard, Industrial Division.


Hickory dickory dock--the mouse ran
up the clock, so says Mother Goose.
But no sensible rat would ru up the
Panama Canal Companry's new IBM
master time control clock. If he did, he
would more than likely find himself all
tangled up with such things as superhet-
rodyne and dead beat escapement.
The new master clook, recently in-
stalled in the Balboa Substation, is to
replace two older-type master clocks at
Madden Dam which became victims of
60)-cyvclee conversion. They were installed
at Madden Dam when the hydroelectric
plant there began operations in 1935 and
were in continuous use until last Decem-
ber when the 60-cycle conversion made
it necessary to eliminate them.
While the Canal's master clock keeps
time, its primary function is to regu-
late the electric current frequency at
exactly 60 cycles per second. In doing
this, it provides that all electric clocks
connected to the power system will
keep correct time and all other fre-
quency-sensitive equipment will move
at the proper speed.
The .new master clock is running but
it is not giving synchronized time yet.
Only one of the two antennas required


stalled. When the other is put up in the
next few weeks, the master clock will be
synchronized both day and night but it
will not begin its regular duty of con-
trolling the cycle frequency until the
installation of control panels in substa-
tions on both sides of the Isthmus.
Meanwhile, the Electrical Division is
using a 12-inch telechron clock which is
checked by radio and which is adequate
for a temporary period.
The latest thing in radio supervised
time control, the new master clock
will automatically synchronize its time
with the National Bureau of Standards
signals. Two radio receivers in the
master time control will be connected
to the two externally mounted radio
antennas to receive the time signals
broadcast from Station WW~iV.
T'he radio supervised master control
has a mind of its own. It will automat-
ically seek this time signal each hour.
If the signal is not available b-ecause of
atmospheric conditions, e~lect~r~il radlia-
tion, or other disturbances, the clock will
continue to seek the signal every ten
minutes until comparison .time, is ob-
tained and a correction is made locally,
if necessary.


The master clock above is checked
by J. E. McI~inney, who installed it,

.to pick up the. time signal broadcast by
radio by the National Bureau of Stand-
ards in Wiashington, D. C. has been in-


12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


PROMOTIONS


MASTER CLOCK


is the Canal's -new





Pablo E. Salas, from Launch Seaman to
Clerk, Navigation Division.
Ricardo R. Lasso V., from Deckhand to
Launch Seaman, Navigation Division.
Edwrard Stanley, from Heavy Laborer to
Deckhand, Navigation Division.
Edward L. Brady, from Substitute Win-
dow Clerk, Postal Division, to Towing Lo-
comotive Operator, Locks Division.
Gordon C. Reif, from Marine Machinist
so LD it eman Marine Machinist, In-

PERSONNEL BUREAU
Mrs. Clara L. De Striem, from Clerk to
Card Punch Operator, Employment and
Utilization Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU
Elisa Y. Ah K~ai, from Clerk to Clerk-
Typist, Housing Branch.
Mlrs. Augustina Bayard, from Car Hop
to Pantryman, Sales and Service Branch.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
Joseph E. Famsay, from Clerk to Cargo
Clerk, Termuxals Division*
Francisco Gumbs, Clerk, from Employ-
ment and Utilization Division to Motor
Transportation Division.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
Promotions which did not involve change
of title follow:
Dr. Erik W. Michelsen, Chief, Clinical
Pathology Section, Gorgas Hospital*
Lloyd P. Joseph, Clerk, Motor Trans-
portation Division.
Wentworth E. Ennis, Bookkeeping Ma.
chine Operator, Payroll Branch.
Riobert L. Fankin, Marine Traffic Con-
troller, Navigation Division.
James Webster, Medical Aid (Under-
taking), Gorgas Hospital*
W~inston S. Johnson, Warehouseman,
Housing Branch, Community Services Di-
vision.
Kenneth A. Brown, Glazier, Mainte.
nance Division.
frEdgar Je Moodie, Fan cE. Lyh A-
ical Technician, Coco Solo Hospital.





Retirement certificates were presented
h rnde ofstMdI aotbh fclo wmng etnplo ee
their birthplaces, titles, years of Canal
service, and their future homes.
Annie L. Allnut, Maryland; Dental Hy-
gienist, Health Bureau; 22 years, 11 months,
29 days; Chevy Chase, Md.
1Merwin A. French, Ohio; Supervisory
Marine Traffic Controller,- Navigation Di-
vision; 27 years, 7 months; California.
Winchell T. Pennock, Texas; Lead Fore-
man Transportation Equipment Operations
Motor Tra isportation Divisio:1; 40 years'
9) months, 2 days; St. Petersburg, Fla.
George F. Welsh, Ohio; Chief, Employ-
ment- and Utilization Division; 16 years,
6i months, 23 days; Texas.


Thirty years continuous service have
been chalked up by William E. Lundy
and Paul A. Bistritz, who occupy sec-
ond place in this month's anniversaries.
Mr. Lundy, a native of Star City'
Ind., began his Canal service as a clerk
in the Commissary Division. He is
nowBAssisthant Treasulrer in the Treas-
His hobby is natural history and he
has written numerous articles for nat-
ural history publications. Two of his
articles were included in a recent an
thology, "Strangest Creatures On
Earth," two appeared in the Ency-
clopedia of Natural History published
by the American Museum of Natural
History, and three are scheduled for
publication mna new cyclopedia com-
IngH is Ilso an cater u mber of the
Panama Canal Natural History So.
city and has been its treasurer for the
past 20 years.
Mr. Bistritz, Transportation Opera-
tions Officer in the Freight Depart-
me~nt of the New York Office, has been
a member of the Panama Canal organ-

uevcehs bee wait~h h Freih hD -
partment
SHe is a native New Yorker but now
lives in Clifton1, N. J.


25 YEARS
It was all men, no women, on the quarter-
century list last month, with the men rep-
resenting six different Canal divisions.
Four have continuous service-
Ernest E. Faris is a Cost Accounting
Clerk in the Electrical Division. His first
Canal job was as a junior clerk in the old
Building Division. H-is hometown is
Springfield, Mo.
Henry E. Lewis, Lead Foreman Painter
in the Inldustrial Division, has been a
painter for most of his workrilg years. He
was employed for a short while as a watch-
man in the old Mechanical Division but has
had continuous service as a printer since
October 15, 1941. He is a native of Hol-
land, Va.
William J. Ros;e is Lead Roundhouse
Foreman in the Railroad Division. He had
a short term of service as a machinist in the
Dredging Division but joined the Railroad
Division sevenl years ago and has been there
ever since.
'Walter Underwood has held a number of
jobs including those of tunnel and towing
locomotive operator inl the Locks Division
where he has been working for almost 23
years. His present position is Lead Ma-
chinist. He is it native of Appalachia, N.C.
Other 25-year men are Kenneth M. Ed-
wards and David W. Ellis. Mr. Edwards
began his Canal service with the old Mu-


joined the Dredging Division as an
oiler aboard the dredge Las Cruces. His
service since then has been continuous
and he is now Chief Towboat or Ferry
Engineer in the Ferry Service.
Mr. Rose, who has had the nickname
of "Whitey" for years, is a native of
Brooklyn, N. Y. He has few hobbies,
according to his friends, but is an avid
horse racing fan.


nicipal Engineering Division as a messenger.
Except for the few months he spent there
and with the Electrical Division all his
service has been in the Locks Division. He is
presently employed as Lead Foreman Lock
Operator. His hometown is Landrus, Pa.
Mr. Ellis was born in Savannah, Ga.
His present job is Craneboat Operator in
the Dredging Division. Het held his first
job as a "boy" in the Mechanical Division
and is one of two Americans still in service
who worked here in the construction period.
20 YEARS
A native Zonian is among the six men
lhoejoindd tnhe rapnk OO the 20-yea em-
tinuous service.
Randolph M. Wikingstad was born in
Paraiso. He has spent all but three months
of his service in the Transportation and
Terminals Division. He is presently Super-
visory Transportation Operations Officer
(Water) in the Terminals Division.
Harry J. Quinlan has continuous service
as a Boilermaker. He is now Supervisory
ins eic or (Bil Tmaier en tet andsd
as the Mechanical Division. He is a native
of Muskegon, Mich.
Winfield S. Ireland has service broken only
by a tour of nulitary duty. He is now Dis-
tribution and Office Clerk in the Postal Di-
vision. His hometown is Owensboro, Ky.
John E. Jennison is a native of Los An-
geles, Calif. Much of his service has been
reth th later and Lborateorties Banch
Water Supply System.
D~onald E. Judson is Powerhouse Opera-
tor-Dispatcher in the Power Branch. He
began his Canal service as a "boy" in the
Dredging Division but most of his service
has been with the Electrical Division. His
place of birth is Roxbury, Mass.
Chester W. Pearson, a native of Ramey,
Pa., has service broken by just slightly more
than three years. He has s-rved as a watch-
man in the Locks Division and also as a
fireman. He is presently a Policeman with
the rank of Private.
15 YEARS
Four women are among the 11 employees
who reached the 15-year mark inl service
during May. They are listed below, to-
gether with their places of birth and present
positions.
Mrs. Lelia I. Gibbs, Indianapolis, Ind.,
Clerk, Personnel Bureau, Records Section;
Mrs. Perne E. LeVee, Ancon, Clerk Stenl-
ographer, Claims Branch; Mrs. Marguerite
M. Orr, Ottawa, Canada, Head Nurse
(Psychiatry), Coco Solo Hospital; and Mrs.
Frances P. Walker, Edgewood, Ill., Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch.
The fifteen-year men are Robert Kt.
Adams, Ancon, General Docking and Un1-
docking Foreman, Navigatiol Divisionl;
Azael J. Benavides, Sona, R. P., Engi!eer-
ing Draftsman, Engineering Divisi31n; Dixie
P. Bender, Huttouville, West Va., Towing
Locomotive Operator, Locks Division;
Enoch L. Hooper, Cristabal, Fire Lieuten-
ant, Fire Division1; Herman Pan'zer, Brook-
lyn, N. Y., Machinist, Locks Division;
Ernest C. Stiebritz, Columzbus, Ohio, Ma-
chinist, Locks Division; and M~arion E.
Taake, Centralia, Ill., Liquid Fuels Leader
Whartman, Terminals Division.


FROM CRISTOBAL
Ancon____~__~___,_ June 3

Cristobal ... ....... -_____ June 13
Ancon_____________ June 20
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal ___________ June 5
Ancon ... ... .____~__ June 12
Crissobal .________ June 23
Ancon~. ....._______~ June 30


June 5, 1959


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


ANNIVERSARIES


MAN OF T'HE MONT


Frederick C. Rose, this month's
Man-of-the-Month, has spent most of
his life on the water. He came to work
for the Canal after six years in the
United States Navy. Four of these
were spent aboard submarines.
In 1929, he was discharged from the
Navy at the United States Submarine
Base which was in operation at Coco
Solo at that time. The next year he









Safety Zone
For Your Interest And Guidance In Accident Prevention


Texas will be the future home of George F.
WKelsh, Chief of the Employment and Utili-
zation Division, wRho retired in 1May. The
'Welshes wiill be leaving some time in July.



Coco Solo

COmleS Of ag e
Coco Solo joined the handful of Canal
Zone civilian towns little more than a
year ago, but today it ranks with any
of them in such matters as housing, pub-
lic and community facilities, and in ree-
crea final no ort nities.nerftrte

Supply Division's retail store will be
completed, the theater will be air con-
d tioned,randethe new post office will be

The extensive housing improvement
program undertaken at Coco Solo soon
after- the buildings were transferred to
the Canal is nearing completion,
The Maintenance Division has begun
the last main item in the program, the
inst nation Il mldr Id8sink so the

to be replaced, 28 replacements having
been made soon after the transfer of
the quarters. In connection with this
job, the kitchens are to be further
modernized by the replacement or ren-
ovation of cabinets and counter tops.
The laundry facilities also have been
improved at all of the four-family quar-
ters. With the replacement program and
rearrangement of the laundry facilities
in these houses, each apartment has its
individual laundry trays.
The Maintenance Division forces also
are completing the job of widening and
straightening the driveways under the
38 four-family apartment buildings. By
realignment and widening the driveways,
under-the-house space is provided for cars
for each occupant.
Other work accomplished at Coco Solo
on a commumity-wide basis has mecluded
the tiling of kitchens, replacement of
gas water heaters with electric heaters,
and installation of electrical panels and
meters.
The improvement and refurbishing
program in the newest Canal Zone civ-
ilian community cost upwards of
$300,000, exclusive of exterior and in-
terrior painting.


Silly question! We work because we have to in order to keep body and
soul together. But just a minute. Why is it then, that so many people with
money still work at some kind of job? And how about all those retirees who
are now working, at least part time?
Psychologists tell us that there s much more to it than just makingg a
living." One of the greatest satisfactions a man can experience is the~ sat-
isfaction of a job well done. Inactivity can actually lead to mental illness,
and ini some cases to premature death. The best cure for the doldrums is to
get busy doing something.
To get that sought-after feeling of job satisfaction, we not only have
to get to work, but we have to turn out a first-class job. We want to be
known as an effcient employee. Efficiency gives us that self-respect so vital
to emotional equilibrium, and it earns the respect of others, also vital.
Inefficiency, on the other hand, not only leaves a lot to be desired in
our own lives, but casts an unfair reflection on the people for whom we
work.
For example, take the hypothetical case of an inefficient nurse. Suppose,
when you visited your doctor's office, the nure who was preparing to ad-
minister some medicine to you tripped over the wastebasket and broke the
precious vial. (Naturally you'd begin to have doubts about her ability, no
matter how well she knows her viruses.) Or suppose, as she prepared to
give you a shot, she accidentally jabbed herself. At that point, you'd be
tempted to grab your hat and run. ]Fair or not, your confidence in your
doctor would be deeply shaken by his incompetent nurse.
So it ought to be plain to all that, for personal reasons if no other, we
can ill afford to be inefficient or even to be thought ineffcient.
Why devote all this space to a discussion of this kind?) Because the
prevention of accidents and fires is part of our job, no matter what our
office title is. If any act of ours-or any neglect to act--contributes to or
causes an accident or fire, then we're NOT 100 percent efficient, no matter
how industrious, clever, or accurate we are in our work. We're a liability,
not an asset. Think that one over!


() Locks Overhaul injuries included in total.


LEAVI;-NG SOON


Do We


FIRsT AID
CASES

3 7
10 11
165 36
20 15
(6)86 (309)356
32 28
(6)283 (309) 495


> ,

DISABLING
INJURIES

0 0
1 2
1 1
2 (2)4
2 3
0 0
6 (2) 12


APRIL 1959
BUREAU

Supply & Communily Sen~ice I'u..r..r Roll
New York operations .... t.j,n.ir Ri..u
Civil Affairs__.~_. ... (Honor Ron)
Transportation & Terminals ._.... ..
Health -------- ..... ... .... _~__
Marine___... ..___ ___~_~
Engineering & Construction__~_ __~
Accident Pool~------------------- ..
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company...


YEA\R
TO DATE
P 'ss


DAYS LOST

6 a0
6 B
14 9
le 21
14 (6)24
13 624
57 (6) 698


14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5, 1959


W~hy


WCt/orkP











I/(ts a Long Haul/


The cabin of the Trekka is just large enough for Sailor
Guzzwell, his typewriter, his teakettle, and his ukulele.

Around the world all alone in a 20-foot boat is not every-
one's cup of tea. But it suits John Guzzweill, 28-year-oldl
British amateur sailor.
Guzzwell, handsome and sunburned, arrived in Cristobal
early in May after making the comparatively short trip from
Barbados in his two and one-half ton homemade sailing yawl
Trekka. The journey he had completed, howeverr, was an
impressive one.
Starting from Victoria, British Columbia, approximately
three and one-half years ago, young Guzz~well sailed his tiny
craft across the Pacific to Hawaii and from there took a long
jump through the South Seas to New Zealand and Australia.
From "Down Under" he piloted the Trekka to Africa, went
around the Cape of G~ood Hope and across the South Atlantic
to Ascension Island. From there he made it easily to Barbados.
The daring young mariner, who travels alone with only
a small radio receiving set and a minimum supply of
canned goods, had little to say about his adventures except
that he had a rough time of it once when he ran into a
heavy storm off the coast of Australia.
~Although the young British adventurer has a gleaming new
typewriter and a small library of reference books, he denied
that he was about to write his memoirs. He was more inter-
ested in getting his small boat painted and made shipshape


June 5, 1989 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15


?ipi


The trim Trekka is eased onto the marine railway at the Cris-
tobal Yacht Club where she was washed down and painted.

while he was in Cristobal last month in preparation for the
last lap of his journey home to Victoria.
The Trekka made the Canal transit southbound May 16,
and sailed for the Galapagos May 21. Before he returns to
Canada, Guzzwell hopes to drop anchor in Hawaii.



--Recaps--For RPailroaders


Pete Schill, who has been working on the Panama
Railroad for the past year, models one of the snappy new
railroad caps issued recently to Panama Railroad con-
ductors and trainmen. When this picture was taken,
Conductor Schill was checking passengers as they passed
through the gate in the Colon Railroad station. Like
other Panama Railroad men, Mr. Schill likes his new ven-
tilated cap just fine.
The caps were the first change made in Panama Rail-
road working clothes in a number of years. The new
caps are black and, in keeping with the usual railroad
practice, have a gold band and lettering for conductors
and a silver band and lettering for trainmen. Those
being used here have special ventilation of a type which
is standard in the United States for use in warm weather.
Mr. Schill is a native of Ohio. Before he came to the
Isthmus last year he worked nearly 15 years with the
Pennsylvania Railroad. During World War II he sered
with the U. S. Army in the Philippines. H-e came to the
Isthmus from Kalamazoo, Mich., and was assigned to
the Atlantic Area as a Road and Yard Conductor. He
lives in Coco Solo with his wife and two daughters.


On A4 Smzall Tawl












transitedl the Canal the-'prev\ious month
w~ith d,000! tons of sulphur. The Fblornc~e
was towed by the tug Thomas Cornell.
Both barges left Balb~o. inth the assist-
ance of secondl tugs for the trip to the
United States West Coast where they
w~ill bie used in inter-port commerce.
Panama Agencies handled the craft here.
-New Barber Liner
The new motorship Tai Ping, a 10,854
deadweight-ton cargo carrier, arrived at
the Canal May 19 on her maiden voyage
in the? Far East service of the Barber
Steamship Line. The new ship takes her
name from the .old T~ai Ping that was
famous in the Barber Line service for
many years. She is the second in a series
of four vessels to be delivered this year
and in 1960 for this service. This class
of vessel has a capacity ~of 620,155 cubic
feet including 30,000 feet of refrigerated
cargo space and deep tanks for edible
oils. Barber Line ships are represented
by Fenton & Co.

TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN APRIL


MORE CANAL RECORDS!
Canal statisticians for ship traffic are
keeping their record books handy. The
records have been subject to change on
a month's notice in the past two or three
years.
M/ay was no exception, the month pro-
ducing an all-time high monthly total of
897 transits by ocean-going commercial
ships. The old monthly record, of only
two months standing, was 882 transits,
set in March. The daily average transit
recordof 28.54 established last February
also was exceeded last month with a
daily average of 29.45 for May, for tolls-
paying ocean-going ships.
Around -t e- orl Service
Another around-the-world-se!rvice liner
scheduled to pass through the Panama
Canal five times each year arrived in
Balboa on her maiden voyage in her new
service this week. The vessel is the MS
Johan Van Oldenbarnevelt, a 19,878-ton
liner with 970 passengers aboard.
The ship arrived here June 1 and
docked mn Cristobal on the last lap of her
first globe-girdling trip which included
calls at Port Said, Aden, New Zealand,
A5ustralian ports, and Tahiti. On her
way to Southampton, the liner will call
at Port Everglades, Fla. and Be~rmuda,
according to a schedule issued by Fenton
& Co., agents for the ship here.
Luxury Yacht Transits
One of the largest private yachts now
in commission paid a visit to the Canal
Zone during May. She was the Shemara,
owned by the well-known Sir Bernard
and Lady Docker, of England. She ar-
rived here May~ 1 from. the South Sea
Islands and made her first Canal transit
May 5 en route to Trinidad. The She-


mara was under charter fo M~auric~e Alex-
ander Solvay, of Belgium, who was ac-
compamied on the cruise by six guests.
The 212-foot yacht has a gross tonnage
of 787 tons, was built mn 1938 mn South-
hampton, England, by Thornycroft, and
has accommodations for 12 guests to live
in luxurious ocean-going comfort.

Whaler Drydocked
Overhaul work was completed by t~he
Industrial Division at the end of May
on the whaling ship Olmeda owned by
Cia. Ballenera del Norte of Peru. Re-
pairs were made on the propeller shaft
as well as a general overhaul. The 01-
meda, one of seven catcher/killer-type
whaling ships used off the Peruvian coast
to catch sper whales, is the second of
the fleet to be brought to Cristobal for
repairs. The first was the Don Cristobal
which came here in March.
The Olmeda was formerly a, U. S.
minesweeper and is built with a wooden
hull with copper sheathing. The Don
Cristobal was built during the last war in
Norway and was used in the North Sea
for several years before she was sold to
the Ballejners del Norte. Both ships were
represented here by Panama Agencies.
SelF-Loading Barge
The Oliver J. Olsen Co. barge Forrest,
a self-loading and unloading barge of the
latest design, was towed through the
Canal last month en route from Galves-
ton, Tex. to Port Angeles, Calif.
The second of her type to transit the
Canal, the Forrest came here under tow
by the tug Mary Cornell which is owned
by the same company. The barge, 272
feet long, is equipped with two 30-ton
cranes and is capable of carrying 250,000
cubic feet of cargo under her decks.
She is similar to the Floraene which


1958
734
22
756


1969
830
22
852


Commercial:_ _. ___
U. S. Goverment ___
Total __, _
TOLLS*


1958 1959:
Commercial ___$3,367,300 $3,910,102
U. S. Government 83,359 90,053

STotaL _$3,450,659 $4,000,155
*Includes tolls on Gl neses oean-going and small.

Commercial___ 3,863,386 4,264,059
U. S. Government 81,779 100,086
Total__ 3,945,165 4,364,145


Last month the largest shipment of frozen tuna ever to be
loaded at a Canal port was placed on board the Lloyd Bakke,
newest addition to the Knutsen Line which runs ships between
New York and the Far East. The tuna--1,155 tons of it-
Swas brought to Cristobal aboard the two Japanese fishing
boats K-urdshis Mars and Kotoshiro Maru from the South
Atlantic and is en route to canneries in the Los Angeles area.
The Lloyd Bakke arrived in Cristobal May 14. Loading
operations, which began shortly afterwards, took approxi-
mately five days. The Lloyd Bakke was making its maiden


voyage to the Wiest Coast and the Far East. Fenton & Co.
act as agents here for the Knutsen Line.
The transshipment of frozen tuna at Oristobal started dur-
ing September of last year when the first shipment of tuna
caught off the Brazil coast was loaded on a ship bound for
California. Shipments now arrive in Cristobal approximately
every two months and. the frozen tuna is loaded on the first
ship which has space for the U. S. West Coast. The tuna fleet
now operating in the South Atlantic is represented here by
Norton, ]Lilly & Co., Fernie & Co., and Panama Agencies.


Frozen stiff, the tuna are hauled up by bunches,
looking for all the world like over-size bananas.


Japanese fishing boats bring the South Atlantic tuna to Cristobal to
be transferred to California-bound ships like the Lloyd Bakke, below.




Full Text

PAGE 1

Topi PANAMA CANAL Vol. 9, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 5, 1959 5 cents "'Y1 N J% A

PAGE 2

0Ir0 NE of the Canal Zone's small-boat owners was grumbling to friends the other day. 'You have to put in four or five days of work for just one day of pleasure," he said. But just a few days before, he had been offered a good price for his boat and had turned it down-indignantly. He and several hundred other Zonians are-you might sayin the same boat. They may growl and complain at the expense and care which a boat means but, once devotees of the sport, few of them are ever happy again without a small craft of some sort. They may shift their allegiance from sailboat to motorboat, from inboard to outboard, as many of them have done in the past few years. They may-and do-argue the merits of one type against the other. Those who use their boats for fishing may take a dim view of those who tow water skiers. But boats they all must have. In the past few years, the number of small craft registered in the Canal Zone has more than doubled. There is an increasing trend to outboards, like the Danish-built Coronet in the picture above with its owner, Bill Robinson. But whether they are at the helm of a sailboat or the wheel of a motor boat, hundreds of Zonians are skimming the waters of the Canal and the terminal harbors every weekend, and sometimes after work. The rest of the time, if you believe them, they are following the adage from Dana's"Two Years Before The Mast": "Six days shalt thou labor and do all thou are able And on the seventh -holystone the decks and scrape the cable." On pages 8 and 9 of this issue, "The Review" begins a series on small boating--the fastest-growing sport in the Canal Zone. This month's story is devoted to the small boaters of the Pacific side. W. E. POTTER, Governor-President _J. RUFus HARDY, Editor JOHN D. McEIHENY, LieUtenant-Governor ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. Official Panama Canal Company Publication EUNICE RICHARD and WILLIE K. FRIAR, Panama Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights. C. Z. Editorial Assistants Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal ZonOn sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 (lays after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

PAGE 3

Bids to be asked soon for NEW SCHOOLS The largest building program offered feet from Anton Street. Broad entrances classrooms in a masonry structure. for contract by the Canal in several years for school busses will be provided from The larger of the two new buildings will be advertised for bid this month. that street on the Gaillard Highway side will be located immediately behind the It will include extensive additions and of town to a covered loading area. From elementary school. It will contain a alterations to the plant of the United this area access to the school buildings library, study hall, three laboratories, States schools on the Pacific side and will be by covered passageway. a home economics room, two classconstruction of the 45 housing units The school will have 12 classrooms, rooms, two rooms for the faculty and planned for the coming fiscal year in La each 26 by 30 feet, a slightly larger one for remedial reading, rest rooms, Boca. It is presently planned to offer room for kindergarten, an air-condiand storage areas. The home economall the work under one advertisement. tioned music room, school clinic, and ics room will be equipped with seven Bidders will have the option of entering rooms for teachers and administrative built-in kitchen units. offers on all work under one lump sum personnel. The teachers' rooms will The smaller of the buildings will house or on four different items covering three be equipped with small kitchen units. the junior high school shops on the first schools at Los Rios and Diablo Heights, The classrooms will be in the longer floor and music rooms on the second and the quarters at La Boca. of the two main buildings, which will floor. It will be located east of the existing The school plant work will include be separated by a landscaped patio. frame buildings so that it can be extended an elementary school at Los Rios, a The floor plan and the design of the to parallel the larger building at the back new elementary school at Diablo Los Rios School were prepared by the when the school plant is fully developed. Heights, and a Pacific-side junior high Architectural Branch of the Engineering The Diablo Gymnasium is to be reschool at Diablo Heights. Work on the Division sometime ago but actual conmodeled to provide new lockers, showers, latter entails conversion of the existing struction was deferred. and dressing rooms in the basement. frame school building for strictly classThe same general design will be used These will serve the gymnasium floor om room work, construction of two masonfor the Diablo elementary school which the second story and will open directly r fitting n the modeling and is to be located on the site of the Special onto the playing field at the school. All of the new school buildings will be Engineering Division buildings to be deAll three buildings are to be connected of masonry construction. The two elemenmolished within the next few weeks. The with covered passageways. The entrance tary school buildings will be similar in plant there will be somewhat smaller than to the school is also to be widened and floor plan, utilizing the "finger-type" plan that at Los Rios and will have only eight covered areas provided at the front for the of single classroom depth to give bilateral classsrooms, but otherwise will be almost loading and unloading of school busses. ventilation and light. They will both be identical in construction and facilities. The general designs for the new Dioriented to the north for optimum condiThe two new masonry buildings for ablo school buildings were also provided tions for light and air. In general appearthe junior high school will be two-story by the Architectural Branch, although ance they will be similar to the Paraiso structures located adjacent to the existing final designs and specifications are being elementary school where this type of conelementary school. The frame building prepared under contract by Sanders & struction was first used in the Canal Zone. will be extensively remodeled for classAssociates, a Panama architectural firm The Los Rios school will be located on room work. Long-range plans call for the which has handled a number of other the elevated ground in the playground demolition of this building and extension major design jobs for the Panama Canal area at a minimum distance of about 150 of one of the new buildings to provide Company in recent years. rrr The Canal Zone's two new elementary schools will be light and airy. They will look much like the architectural rendering above. June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3

PAGE 4

The Red Monster Is Really A" A LEAF PICKER UPPER Leaves are whisked out of gutters as if by magic as a tractor with Andres Guioms at the wheel tows the giant-sized Good Roads Scavenger through a street in Balboa. A bright red monster with an insatimove the tube about and pick up leaves able appetite for leaves is snorting from the gutter or along the sidewalk. around Pacific side streets these days. The machine is towed through the The monster, a Rube Goldberg type streets by a tractor and when the leaf of machine, is really a new piece of picker-upper operator wants to stop or equipment placed in operation recently execute some special maneuver, he sigby the Grounds Branch of the Communnals the driver of the tractor with a horn itv Services Division. Officially it is attached to his outrider seat. known as a Good Roads Scavenger but People at the Grounds Branch say that others are more apt to refer to it simply the new machine operates like a charm as a leaf picker-upper. and is much more efficient than other The machine is actually a super or street-cleaning methods used in the king-sized vacuum cleaner with a large Canal Zone previously. It is able to rubber suction tube operated by an clean up a whole community in one day. outrider who sits in a small seat atA similar machine in a less brilliant tached to the side of the contraption. hue is operating on the Atlantic side of From his perch on the side of the machine, From his perch, the operator is able to the Isthmus. Severino Hernandez T. controls the tube. Civil Defense Forces Annual Alert: Mobilize Harold G. Drake, Plans and Operations DirCanal jOfficials gathered in the new Control Center at Balboa Heights when the Civil ector of the 3d Regional Headquarters in Defense alert began. From left: Col. T. G. Faison, E. A. Doolan, Captain Gaddis Wall, Georgia, center, discusses operations with H. L. Donovan. At right: George Logan, map officer, and E. C. Jones at message center. Governor Potter and James A. Brigman, who heads the Canal radiological defense group. 4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1959

PAGE 5

Chiriqui Cowboy rounds-up the cattle at Mindi Dairy now than it was in his earlier years in neath the water five times by one of the Chiriqui and on the old Summit Ranch, giant reptiles on one occasion but amazsays Mr. Aparicio. You seldom find the ingly managed to fight off his attacker huge alligators which once were such a and escape. menace to the cattle. Hunters, in search Although Mr. Aparicio is not a westof skins, have killed off most of the large ern style bronco-buster, he does have a Mgt ones. reputation for his ability to break horses Mr. Aparicio remembers seeing calves to the saddle, and local riding clubs often The herds of cattle which once roamed suddenly pulled below the surface and call on him to help in training their along the banks of the Canal have diskilled by alligators as they forded streams mounts. appeared and most of the cowboys who during round-up time. They sometimes Mindi's oldest cowboy joined the slogged through the swamps, fighting off attacked both his horse and dog. A Dairy in 1934 and has been there ever alligators and roping recalcitrant steers, good cattle dog, "Blackie," which he since. He is a bachelor and makes his have moved on to other jobs. owned for many years, was pulled behome in Colon. Enrique Aparicio is one of the few genuine cowboys left in the Canal Zone. After 40 years of tropical range riding he is still "rounding up" the cattle at the Mindi Dairy. Mr. Aparicio became a cowboy when 4 he was only 10 years old in Chiriqui where he was born. He has been working with cows since that time. During World War I, when cattle were raised in the Canal Zone for shipment to the Army in Europe, Mr. Aparicio worked at the Summit Ranch where he gained a reputation for being able to rope the meanest steers. He recalls one incident when bets had been placed that he would not be able to rope a certain very wild steer that had roamed through the jungle and defied capture for days. Mr. Aparicio went into the jungle, tracked the animal, and roped him the first day. At Mindi, on "Stardust" or "Red," Mr. Aparicio rides fences, checks water supplies, weeds out the sick and the injured animals, and does general roundup work. Cattle herding is much less hazardous Enrique Aparicio, on his horse Red, herds cattle into pens at Mindi. UN Secretary Gets his first look at Panama Canal United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold was just as interested in the workings of the Panama Canal as an ordinary tourist from, say, Kansas. The top man in the international organization spent considerable time last month with Governor Potter at Miraflores Locks watching a steady flow of ships move up and down. He was on the Isthmus for several days to attend a conference of the UN Economic Council for Latin America. In his job he really covers ground. He flew here from a conference in Geneva, then continued on to UN Headquarters in New York. Later in the week, over 250 of the delegates to the Panama City meeting were guests ot the Panama Canal for a visit to Miraflores Locks and a partial transit of the Canal. "This has unquestionably been one of the highlights of our stay in this country and afforded the staff an unique opportunity of seeing the Canal under the most pleasant circumstances," Dr. Raul Prebisch, Executive Secretary of the UN Commission, said in a letter to Governor Potter. June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5

PAGE 6

will be completed PANAM A CANAL status and expect to seek a transfer to another Government agency. There is no time limit for Canal Zone reinstatement nor for transfer to other Government agencies once an employee acquires Career Merit status. According to the summary of converEstablishment of the Canal Zone sidered qualified for the jobs they hold. sions to the Merit System announced at Merit System on a fully-operating basis Up to the end of May approximately the end of May, relatively few Canal for the 13,700 employees of the Com5,500 employees had been given Merit employees have failed to obtain recompany-Government is much nearer acSystem status, and another 1,500 will be mendations for conversion. Less than tuality than was predicted upon its inconverted during this month. Notificaauguration last January 19. tion of this new status will reach these After a review of work accomplished persons as soon as the papers can be in the four-month period, the Personnel prepared. It is anticipated that the reeBureau late last month predicted that ommendations for the remaining 7,000 nearly all Company-Government ememployees will be accomplished within ployees will be accorded Merit System three or four months. status early in the coming fiscal year. The number of conversions to the Last January, it was estimated that this Merit System thus far includes approxwould require a full year for completion. imately 1,000 employees who hold Civ Meanwhile, the first employment for a Service status when the Merit System permanent Canal position was made was established last January. All of early last month from a Merit System these were automatically covered into register. The employee to hold this disthe Merit System. Most of the convertinction is Francisco Villareal, Panasions made are employees in the Marine manian, who was employed as Laborer Transportation and Terminals, and EnM-2, in the Grounds Maintenance Branch. gineering and Construction Bureaus. He had been in a temporary job and The Personnel Bureau has anqualified for the Laborer register by exnounced that employees who plan to ammnation held early this year by the leave the Canal service at an early date Central Employment Office. should notify the Bureau so that con With his employment on the new job, version to the Merit System can be ac Mr. Villareal becomes a "career condicomplished. All such cases will be tional" employee and his status will handled on an individual basis to comchange to that of "career" employee plete the conversion before the emupon completion of 36 months of satisployee leaves the service. factory service. This career status If the employee has three or mor means to him that he wvii have Group years of continuous Federal service, he I rating for retention (reduction in will be eligible for career status qualifyforce) purposes, and he will have permhim for Can ing hi o aal Zone reinstatement 01, anent status for redeployment, transfer to Federal jobs in the United 4 The conversion of the Canal organiStates with Civil Service status without zation to the Merit System is primarily the requirement of an examination. This a clerical task since, with minor excepis especially important for those employFRANCISCO VILLAREAL tions, permanent employees are conees who do not now have Civil Service First Merit System Register employee. MODERN DEPARTMENT STORE for the Canal The Atlantic side communities of Coco second floor. A new gift shop, with speSolo, Margarita, and Gatun will have a Plans are now being completed for cial lighting, will be built around this modern, two-story department store this alteratin of paet ot first flr pillar. month when the second floor of the Coco for use as a railroad passenger staFrom the wide main aisle, traffic will Solo Retail Store opens for business. tion. This will occupy space toward flow into the various merchandise secThe opening date has been set, tentathe rear of the Front Street side of tions, where men's wear, women's wear, tively, for June 25. Merchandise from the building, infants' and children's clothing and other the Cristobal store, which now goes out Space for baggage rooms and railitems, shoes, linens, and other domestic of business (see box), is to be moved to road offices will be provided behind goods will be sold. In addition to the the Coco Solo store earlier in the week the passenger waiting room. gift shop, the second floor will also house and will be ready in its new location by While plans are not definite, the a boutiqueor little shop-which will Thursday, June 25. remainder of the first floor will probhandle gift items of a more personal naThe new second floor adds 21,000 ably be used to house those units of ture than those sold in the central gift the Personnel Bureau which are now shop. square feet to the Coco Solo store and in the Atlantic side Central Employmore than doubles the floor space. ment Office. Merchandise to be handled at the AtPersonnel from the Supply and EngiOther sections of the building will lantic side's department store will be the sneering Divisions have been working probably be used for furniture storsame as that carried in similar sections for several months on the floor plan age by the Housing Branch of the at the Balboa Retail Store. Quantities, and have developed one which, they Community Services Division. however, will be proportionately smaller believe, will handle the flow of cusThe retail store will be vacated because of the smaller Atlantic side poptomers better than in any other of the the end of this month when its stock ulation. retail stores in the Canal Zone system. is combined with that of the Coco One wide main aisle will run diagSolo Store. Stockrooms where reserve merchanonally across the second floor, from endise will be stored are located around trance to entrance. This will be broken at the center, by the single pillar on the 6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1959

PAGE 7

ahead of schedule ...Worth knowing 40 out of the total of some 5,000 proPanama Line study. The management consultant firm of Drake, cessed have failed to qualify. Most of Startzman, Sheahan and Barclay, of New York, has been employed these have not qualified on their jobs or by the Bureau of the Budget to make a study and prepare a report on have records of unsatisfactory conduct. the Panama Line operations. The scope of the study will include an All of these will be continued n "status analysis of passenger traffic, cargo trends, terminal facilities, and to this e with anexavpelana tinof e transportation requirements of the Canal organization and other Govspecific effect this may have on their ernment agencies in this area. Personnel of the consultant firm are to tenure of employment, be stationed first in the New York office of the Panama Line. Later egste of iondivid s they will visit the Isthmus and also spend some time in Haiti. Registers of individuals who have qualified under the Merit System have Student Officers. The end of the school year last month brought thus far been established by the Central new responsibilities for a double handful of the (anal Zone's Employment Agency only for Laborers young people. They are the boys and girls shown in these pictures and Helpers, with various options for who learned, as school ended, that they would serve as officers in each. However, examinations have been the various Student Associations next year. held for clerks, typists, and stenograAt the top left, William Black, outgoing president of the Junphers. Registers for these positions are ior College Association, passes the gavel to his successor, John expected to be established this month. e Whitman. At the right are Grady Hester, president, and Worden The second examination for clerks is being held this week. The examination for Atlantic side residents was given Wednesday at the Cristobal High School, and the Pacific side exam was scheduled for today at Balboa High School. A high percentage of applicants failed to qualify in the first examinations for clerks, typists, and stenographers held a few weeks ago. Of the 131 applicants for clerical positions, 106 passed. Half of the typist applicants qualified in formal exams, while only 21 of the 82 applicants for stenographer passed the test. The high ratio of failures was attributed Canal Zone Junior College. Balboa High School to the language factor. Applications for clerk, typist, and stenographer positions will be received on a continuing basis until further notice, the Central Employment Office has announced. Formal examinations will be scheduled at intervals depending upon the number of qualified applicants. The names of those qualifying in subsequent examinations will be placed on active registers already established. Zone's Atlantic siders the entire perimeter of the new second floor. Partitions will separate the stock ......and the Cristobal High School Student Association Officers. rooms from the sales sections. This French, vice president, of the Balboa Student Association. At the will allow for more attractive displays time the picture was taken, the two secretaries, Barbara Bartlett than are possible in stores where winand Karen Lytle had not been announced. dows have to be taken into account. And at the bottom are the Cristobal High School Student Association Officers. From left: Paul Leignadier, secretary; James Shelving will be used on the sales-space Will, president; Molly Engelke, treasurer; Sharon McElhone, vice side of the partitions and peg-boards will president; and Maurice Belanger, treasurer. be installed in some locations for inerchandise displays. The store will be ar'School vacated. Evacuation of all school equipment from the Crisand dis o e r-e tobal High School building in New Cristobal was started this month ranged so that self-selection ~ immediately after schools closed. The building, which has been part counter sales can he made, depending on of the Canal Zone school system for the past quarter of a century, will the type of merchandise in the various be transferred to the Republic of Panama under provisions of the units. 1955 Treaty. It is one of the largest structures involved in the propPlanners of the layout have put much ertv transfer. When schools are reopened in the fall, Cristobal High stress on appearance, as well as convenSchool will initiate sessions in its new building at Coco Solo. ience for customers and sales personnel. Dr. Eisen Leaving. Maj. Bruno Eisen, Superintendent of Coco In addition, the planners have designed Solo Hospital. who has been transferred to the Walter Reed Army the building so that it can be air-conInstitute of Research in WVashington, D. C., will leave the Isthmus June 19. He will be succeeded here by Lt. Col. Ralph F. Conant ditioned later, if necessary. This will not who will come to the Zone in September from Fort McPherson, Ga. be done, howeveruntil fundsare available. Dr. Eisen was appointed Superintendent of Coco Solo Hospital in August 1957, to succeed Dr. John M. Wilkerson who was retired. June 5, 1959 -He has been on tihe Isthimis since JulV 1956.

PAGE 8

The replacement value of the oo boats which make the Balboa Yacht Club their home is estimated at well over Si,ooo,ooo. -he boats range in size from 5o-odd foot cabin cruisers to 8-foot outboards. A long fingerpier splits the mooring area almost in half. Big boats, little boats, sailboats, motortbo ots hoat 0 are toiletype boots, many of them outboards. Some oF yacht clubs boats from caorports, boats on loading ramos tie members, fike the club's president, G. C. Locridge imported boots, homemade boats expensive bo, s 6uilt their own boots and trailers. Others have gone in simple boots, sail, scoot, or slip through or over the wc et for the fancy new fhibreglass boats, some of which are of the Pacific side. imported from Europe. thIosesBrhie teNoge f TheC hhu bime ad maottins o180fmmt lono, 30-foot Most of them fly the burgees or bear the insigne of he d b ch three boating clubs -the Balboa Yacht Club, the [a .de ramp wih can aunch two oats simutoneously. 1S gC b h Ped M i B Cf his romp has [ust been concreted. It has a moderate booh ogenheg home ot 0 e r iguey rade but is unusually long because of the high Pacific which together have over 400 members. ides. The Club also has a mooring area for P4 boats fastest growing The 90 boots moored a the Balboa Yacht C hb end a parking lot for cars and trailers, but no clubhouse are, primarily, deep-water craft. One of the barges Is or other social life. It was organized six years ago for the 48-foot cabin cruiser Pescadora, once owned P shermen. Its members are still so designated. Capt. Clifford Payne, later a Navy patrol craft, and n The smallest of the Pacific-side ouhs is that at Pedro the property of Elmer Orr and Barney Forgeson. She fMigel. Its membership of over 60 is mostly soiol. aongercruisingrangethanosttloo c e po i e Club has a launching ramp for outboards but most Outstanding among the sailing craft is Wally Pearse 5 f its boatssiep tmooingsmorlonsidethedoc Todayy" a46footaxiliryetcwhihhehitwhich is soon to be replaced. Its land-ocled position himself and on which he has sailed to the Galpagf s. moes not restrict its boats. The 34-foot cabin cruiser ''Tin None of the 90 boots owned by Spinning Club mo Goose," for instance, owned by D. H. and V. F. Spencer Boating's a "togetherness" sport. At the Diablo Spinning Club Mrs. Bill Robbers is more than 26 feet long. Under Club rules, ol cks down frequently for ocean fishing trips. inson, Erik, Paul, and Bruce all supervise the launching. Bill does the work 4N Eeryoe ges ito the at. Las Cuados was Poit ad SydneyAtbrittan, at Diabta Hesghtos s bastdsg his s 2Staotes Atathe PeSuel Bas Ctab the hosts ae Ernst C. Deeine totted hit 37-fast ketah The dtaoueas astwaytthe Batbhs Yacht Ctubhs atmsst is tamed by the Bab Lessiahk ted Bsh Adoas tfamities. Seaoonatoe Mariaoptpywod. Itth esaoered wih ibregtass. tsed ap wstmae's throw af the Lashs. yOp heeeaomsheatte smeeyearsoags. anstaattypnase. Beseemattoas ae toade melt ahead sftime.s 8 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Jose 5, 1959 Jose 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9

PAGE 9

s boats range in size from 5o-odd foot cabin cruisers to 8-foot outboards. A long fingerpier splits the mooring area almost in half. cre trailer-type boats, many of them outboards. Some of e members, like the club's president, G. C. Lockridge, built their own boats and trailers. Others have gone in e I. the fancy new Fibreglass boats, some of which are ported from Europe. The Club built and maintains a 180-foot long, 30-foot de ramp which can launch two boats simultaneously. s ramp has just been concreted. It has a moderate ade but is unusually long because of the high Pacific es. The Club also has a mooring area for 24 boats i a parking lot for cars and trailers, but no clubhouse other social life. It was organized six years ago for fermen. Its members are still so designated. The smallest of the Pacific-side clubs is that at Pedro guel. Its membership of over 60 is mostly social. e Club has a launching ramp for outboards but most its boats tie up at moorings or alongside the dock ich is soon to be replaced. Its land-Tocked position Ses not restrict its boats. The 34-foot cabin cruiser "Tin oose, for instance, owned by D. H. and V. F Spencer, Boating's a "togetherness" sport. At the Diablo Spinning Club, Mrs. Bill Robks down frequently for ocean fishing trips. inson, Erik, Paul, and Bruce all supervise the launching. Bill does the work! NT iguel Boat Club the boats are Ernest C. Devine sailed his 37-foot ketch The double marine railway at the Balboa Yacht Club is almost I stone's throw of the Locks. Symbol here from Seattle some years ago. constantly in use. Reservations are made well ahead of time. June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9

PAGE 10

It will be July and not April but They're going to see Paris three others who will join the tour in Rome. From New York the tour party will take an overnight flight to Lisbon, the first European stop. They then work east, through Spain, southern France and Italy, before they start north again into Austria, Switzerland, Germany, and France. In Germany they will make the famed Rhine River trip by boat from Frankfurt to Koblenz. Their longest stays will be in Madrid, Paris, and London where they will have four full days at each place. Young Janice Scott, 15, / who is the youngest member of the party, is looking forward to Paris with especial interest; she already has a date lined up there, she says. From Paris, the tourists go on to S -Belgium and Holland before they cross the English Channel by plane for London, the last scheduled stop on the tour. Several of the party plan to extend their stay abroad to visit Ireland and Scotland but most of them leave London by jet plane on August 1, on their way home. Members of the tour party are: From the Canal Zone, Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin; Mr. and Mrs. Thatcher Clisbee; Mr. and Mrs. Miguel Corco; Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Donovan; Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Gwinn; Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Harrison; Mr. and "Shall I take this one?" Janice Scott asks her grandmother, Mrs. Jessie Grimison, Mrs. L. E. Horine; Mr. and Mrs. Leroy who is checking a guide book to see what clothes are needed for a European trip. B. Magnuson; Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Randall; Mrs. Lucille Abernathy; Mrs. JesWith Floyd H. Baldwin, General AudFor most of the tourists, the trip will sie Grimison; Mrs. Gladys Baldwin; Mrs. itor of the General Audit Division, as be their first abroad, but there are Catherine W. Taylor; Mrs. Genevieve their guide, mentor, adviser, and director, several in the group who are old hands Long; Mrs. Elizabeth Sudron; Mrs. Marsome three dozen Canal Zonians are off at European travelsuch as Sara de la jorie Jones; the Misses Mary Murphy, to Europe next week on what they dePefia of the Canal Zone District Court. Sara de la Penta, Bertha I. Frensley, scribe as the First Annual Canal ZoneMiguel Corco, who is just winding up Bernardine Hanna, and Janice G. Scott; European trip. 40 years of Panama Canal service, was and Henry J. Chase. When they finish 54 days of traveling born in Olat in Spain; he has made From Panama: Mr. and Mrs. Lawby plane, train, bus, and boat, they will several trips abroad. rence Adler, Mrs. Catharine W. Fisherhave visited 21 cities in 11 countries, inThe European tour officially gets under Mr. Adler and Mrs. Fisher are retired eluding the tiny principality of Monaco. way next Tuesday when about half a from the Panama Canal service, Mr. and As companions on their travels, the dozen persons leaving from the Isthmus Mrs. Rodolfo Herbruger, Mrs. Carmen three dozen or so Zonians will have nine board a Pan American Airways plane at Fernandez, Miss Maria del Carmen residents of the Republic of Panama and Tocumen Airport. In New York they Mongo, Miss Maria Abaiza, and David two women who live in the United States will be joined by 34 others who had preRobles; and from the United States, and learned of the tour from relatives ceded them for a short leave in the United Mrs. E. G. Miller and Miss Juanita here. States or for other personal reasons, and Magruder. i tTalented young Zonians to take advanced Warnn to Parents: course in science at Balboa High School Isthmian parents who are still not other fascinating facts is to be taught by United States equipped to offer this quite convinced that the atom is no DeWitt E. Myers, a member of the Balboa course. longer the smallest bit of matter, who High School faculty for the past five years. The science students here, and in other haven't the faintest idea of what an ion He is preparing for this strenuous new schools offering this course, will work exchange is, and for whom the invencourse this summer at the National Science from a specially edited four-volume texttions of Edison and Marconi are still Foundation Summer Institute at the Unibook and laboratory manuals. the marvels of the century, are in for a versity of Connecticut. They will start with the volume called terrific shock. The course, which is designed for The Universe which deals with the basic Sometime next year, provided they advanced achievement sections, has concepts with which the students must are parents of certain Balboa High School been developed and was inaugurated have a minimum acquaintance before students, they will watch, bemazed, as by the Physical Science Study Committhey can come to grips with more detheir youngsters construct atomic structee at the Massachusetts Institute of tailed matters of science. tures from Tinker Toy sets, listen in beTechnology. It can be used only in As they move on to the more detailed wilderment while these same young high schools where physics teachers studies, the students will work on light people explain why Saran wrap sticks to have been specially trained. When and waves, force and motion, and elecitself, and try to grasp the principles the course was first offered, in 1957, tricity and atom structure. advanced by Dr. Edward Teller. it was given in only eight high schools The textbooks will be supplemented And before the year is over, they will in the United States. This year, Balby a number of training films and by become quite familiar with the phrase, boa High School will be one of approxsupplementary reading on a variety of "But it's simple -look." imately 300 schools throughout the scientific and historical topics. The course in which these young scientists will be learning these and many 10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1959

PAGE 11

PAcES FROM THE ALS HIST THIS MONTH 50 Years Ago the Canal Zone appealed to the Comptroller General of the United States for The last of 480 concrete monoliths was a ruling which would determine definitely set in place on the floor of the spillway whether or not a 40-hour work week at Gatun Dam 50 years ago this month, could mean a decrease in pay. ON THE COVER completing the north section of the floor. Beginning in July, the Governor of The Kenny Wiberg, 7, of Margarita, is At the nearby locks, one chamber was Panama Canal announced, the Canal ormuch too young to appreciate the almost ready for concrete pouring. ganization would be prepared to assist the history represented by the great Although there was still considerable exrepatriation of unemployed West Indians Spanish anchors which stand in cavation to be done in the east chamber at and their families. The head of the family front of the Terminals Building in Pedro Miguel Locks, work was progressing had to have at least three years of United Cristobal. But it is quite evident to so rapidly on the west side that the excavaStates Government service. Kenny that the anchors are a bit too tion there would be completed by the end Another official announcement notified large for his sailboat, the same genof the month. cattlemen in Panama that the Canal eral type craft as that which carried The last steam shovel work on the organization was ready to buy 150 head the anc hors were discovered in Obispo diversion was completed June 1, of local cattle a month for slaughter at 1911 in the jungle along the Chagres 1909, and two days later the temporary the Mount Hope abattoir. River, not far from the old town of outlet of the channel into the Cut op Record classes--to then-were graduated Las Cruces. They are several hunwater into the Chagres River above the from the two Canal Zone high schools in dred years old. Local historians say Gamboa bridge. The diversion was to June 1934. At Balboa High School there that early in the 16th century, ships keep the water on the east side of the were 104 graduates; at Cristobal High were disassembled on the Atlantic Cut, north of the divide at Culebra, from School, 56. side of the Isthmus, the parts carCutn ntof the CuvidatCul fm ried across to the Pacific Ocean and flowing into the Cut. 10 Years Ago the craft reassembled there. A portion of the breakwater under conIn Washington in June, 1949, a vice One legend has it that the anchors struction at Naos Island -now the causepresident of the Association of American now in Cristobal were ferried up the way from Fort Amadorgave way 50 years Railroads told a House Committee that Chagres by boat and unloaded at ago this month almost two miles from the Panama Canal tolls were much too low. Las Cruces for overland transport to mainland. The break was due to a sliding Canal users should pay at least 50 perPanama. One of the 40 men carrymovement in the thick deposit of mud which cent more than they were, he said. ing one of the anchors stumbled underlay the fill and was the first major and fell. The others dropped the trouble in the three years of dumping. Informal discussions were going on ten anchor which crushed and killed years ago this month between the United seven of its bearers. For years this 25 Years Ago States and Panama concerning the conlocation bore the name of Matastruction of a concrete highway from Rio .,, Isthmian-wide preparations were under Hato to the Costa Rican border. siete, or "seven killed." way 25 years ago this month for a visit When American forces found the from President Franklin Delano RooseFrank H. Wang, Acting Engineer of anchors, they hauled them several velt. He was to leave the United States Maintenance and former Executive Sechundred yards on sledges to the June 30 for Hawaii, via the Panama retary, retired from the Panama Canal Chagres River by block and tackle Canal aboard the cruiser Houston. He after more than 38 years of service. and floated them by raft to Cristohad accepted an invitation from PanOne Year Ago bal. The anchors lay for years in ama's President to be Panama's guest a storehouse at Mount Hope before during his stay here. For the first time in the almost 44 they were moved to their present years of Panama Canal operations, major location in 1918. Over the objections of ship owners, the trouble developed, a year ago, in one of The stocks of the original anchors House of Representatives passed a bill the Canal's lock chambers. The thin were of wood which was replaced by abolishing a dual system of measurement concrete floor of the Pedro Miguel Locks concrete in 1931. The stocks measfor tolls on ships transiting the Panama buckled under hydrostatic pressure; apure 10 feet 8 inches in length. The Canal. The vote was 99-48. proximately 8,000 square feet of floorlength of the shank between crown Representatives of organized labor in slab had to be replaced. and stock is 12 feet, one-half inch. She once made history but the end o Canal comes in a shipyard at Baltimore for A sturdy old tug which made maritime history as the first sea-going craft to transit Gatun Locks, has come to the end of her days. At the left, the former Panama Canal tug Gatun is shown as she was being dismantled at Baltimore recently. The historic lockage took place September 26, 1913. Among the passengers aboard the Gatun were Col. H. F. Hodges, Lt. Col. William L. Sibert and his family, and Lt. George R. Goethals and his wife. The tug bore four names during her half-century-long career. She was built as the H. B. Chamberlain in Philadelphia in 1902. Purchased by the Isthmian Canal Commission, and renamed Gatun, she arrived here June 25, 1906, and served the Canal throughout the construction period and for years afterward. She resumed her original name when she returned to the States but was later rechristened the Point Breeze and under that name ran for towing companies in Baltimore and Philadelphia. In August 1933, she went down in Chesapeake Bay during a hurricane. After she was raised and returned to service she was renamed June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 the Chester, a name she retained until she was dismantled.

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PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS April 15 through May 15 El.1oyieeIs wiho were pronot cd Or trinsMrs. Ruth D. Batcheldor, from Substito Lead Ioireman i Pit li i Iorks Road Pavferred between April 15 and Mar 15 are lute Teacher to Elenentarv and Secondary ing, Mlaintenance Division. listed below. Within-grade proinotions are School Teacher, Division of Schools. Elmer B. Stevens, from Structural Ennot reported. Earl L. Janssen, from Guard, Locks Digineer, Engineering Division, to Supervisvision, to Police Private, Police Division. ory\ Bridge Engineer, Balboa Bridge Project. ADIiNISTRATIVE BRANCH Marcy H. Carpenter, from Signalman, Mrs. Tommie L. Horter, from ClerkJohn B. Coffey, front Group Chief to Navigation Division, to Police Private, Typist to Accounts Maintenance Clerk, I oreian, Printing Plant. Police Division. Maintenance Division. James N. Howell, from Clerk to Mail Edward J. Husum, Jr., from Police PriMrs. Ethel W. Brown, from Clerk, ElecClerk, Records Section. vale to Police Sergeant, Police Division. trial Division, to Clerk-Steiiographer, CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Charles E. Phelan, from Substitute WinContract and Inspection Division. Alfred E. Osborne, from Departnment dow Clerk, Postal Division, to Police PriMillard M. Coleman, from Dipper Dredge Head to Director, Division of Schools. vate, Police Division. Eiigineer to Chief Towboat or Ferry EiigiMrs. Aldona V. Skeistaitis, from ClerkOFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER lieer, Dredging Division. Tvpist to Clerk (Typing). Police Division. Peter S. Legge, from Chief Towboat or Ruth E. McAlman, Gladys D. Urena, Harry D. Raymond, from Supervisory Ferry Engiineer to Salvage Towboat EiiSarah .Dolphy, Hilma D. Watson, Mavis General Claims Examsiner to Chief, Claims gineer, Dredging Division. McNichols, from Substitute Teacher to Branch, General Audit Division. Thomas J. Pimento, Marine NMachiiist, Elemetary Teacher, Latin American James L. Fulton, front Chief, Claims from Industrial Division to Dredging DiSchools. Branch, to Chief. Rates and Analysis vision. Mrs. Patricia S. Bailey, front Recreation liranch. HEALTH BUREAU Leader to Swiniing Pool managerr, DiviRussel J. Jones, from Chief, Rates and Robert M. Blakely, Jr., Graduate Interi, sion of Schools. AnaIysis 13ranch to Assistant Chief Acfrom xiotor Traitsportation Division to Mrs. Hilda W. Butcher, Library Assistconttlit Office of -lealth Director. ait, from Division of Schools to Canal Zo:ie John E. Fisher, from Assistant Chief AcSamuel G. Warner, from Laborer (Pest Library. countant to Chief, Accotiing Policies and Control), to Exte miniator, Sanitation DiMrs. Maria C. Kidd, from Clerk to LiProcedures Staff. vision. brary Assistant, Division of Schools. Thomas H. Scott, from Chief, Accounting Gorgas Hospital Raul A. Swalm, front SiibstitUte DistriPolicies and Procedures Staff to Assistant Mrs. Armonia Y. de Ucros, from Clerk bution Clerk, to Distribution Clerk, Postal Comptroller. to Clerk-Dictating Machine Transcriber. Divisioti. Arthur J. O'Leary, front Assistant CiitpEdwin W. Belgrave, from Hospital AtBurton F. Mead, from Student Aid, Ditroller to Deputy Comptroller. tendant to Messenger. vision of Schools to Substitute Distribution Alvin B. Goode, Andre J. Louis, fromr Arthur Williams, from Medical Aid to Clerk. Postal Division. Addressing Mlachiie and Graphotype OpM Charles G. Dahlstrom, from Doormat erative to Bookkeeping Mlachine Operator, Urnston 0. Lewis, front -Medical TechSupervisor, Sales and Service Branch, to Accounting Division. nician to Morgue Attendant. Police Private, Police Division. Mrs. Dorothy Small, from Sttbstitite ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION MARINE BUREAU Teacher to Junior High Teacher, Latin BUREAU Albin E. Coke, from Firefighter, Fire DiAmerican Schools. Robert C. Herrington, from Enginemian vision, to Guard, InILIstrial Division. The latest thing in radio-supervised time control is the Canal's new MAST ER CLOCK Hickory dickory dock---the mouse ran stalled. When the other is put up in the Uip the clock, so says Mother Goose. next few weeks, the master clock will be But no sensible rat would run up the synchronized both day and night but it Panama Canal Company's new IBM will not begin its regular duty of conmaster time control clock. If he did, he trolling the cycle frequency until the would more than likely find himself all installation of control panels in substatangled up with such things as superhettions on both sides of the Isthmus. rodyne and dead beat escapement. Meanwhile, the Electrical Division is The new master clock, recently inusing a 12-inch telechron clock which is stalled in the Balboa Substation, is to checked by radio and which is adequate replace two older-type master clocks at for a temporary period. Madden Dam which became victims of The latest thing in radio supervised dl-cycle conversion. They were installed time control, the new master clock at Madden Dam when the hydroelectric will automatically synchronize its time plant there began operations in 1935 and with the National Bureau of Standards were in continuous use until last Decemsignals. Two radio receivers in the her when the 69-cycle conversion made master time control will be connected it necessary to eliminate them. to the two externally mounted radio While the Canal's master clock keeps antennas to receive the time signals time, its primary function is to regubroadcast from Station WWV. late the electric current frequency at The radio supervised master control exactly 60 cycles per second. In doing has a mind of its own. It will automatthis, it provides that all electric clocks ically seek this time signal each hour. connected to the power system will If the signal is not available because of keep correct time and all other freThe master clock above is checked atmospheric conditions, electrical radiaquency-sensitive equipment will move by J. E. McKinney, who installed it. tion, or other disturbances, the clock will at the proper speed. continue to seek the signal every ten The new master clock is running but to pick up the time signal broadcast by minutes until comparison time is obit is not giving synchronized tin:e yet. radio by the National Bureau of Standtained and a correction is made locally, Only one of the two antennas required ards in Washington, D. C. has been inif necessary. 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1959

PAGE 13

Pablo E. Salas, froin Lanich Seanin n to Clerk, Navigation Division. Ricardo R. Lasso V., from Deckhand to Launch Seamian, Navigation Division. Edward Stanley, from Heavy Laborer to Deckhand, Navigation Division. Edward L. Brady, from Substitote Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Towing Locoiotive Operator, Locks Division. Gordon C. Reif, from Marine Machinist U to Lea Foremin Marine Machinist, Indi strial Division. MAN OFr THE MONTH 'f PERSONNEL BUREAU Mrs. Clara L. De Striem, from Clerk to Frederick C. Rose, this month's joined the Dredging Division as an Card Puch Operator, Employient antd Man-of-the-Month, has spent most of oiler aboard the dredge Las Cruces. His Utilization Diivision. his life on the water. He came to work service since then has bcen con ttinuous SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE for the Canal after six years in the and he is now Chief Towboat or Ferry BUREAU United States Navy. Four of these Engineer in the Ferry Service. Elisa Y. Ah Kai, from Clerk to Clerkwere spent aboard submarines. Mr. Rose, who has had the nickname Typist, Housing Branch. In 1929, he was discharged from the of "Whitey'" for years, is a native of Mrs. Augustina Bayard, from Car I-lop Navy at the United States Submarine Brooklyn, N. Y. I-e has few hobbies, to PantrymBan, Sales and Service Branch. Base which was in operation at Coco according to his friends, but is an avid Solo at that time. The next year he horse racing fan. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Joseph E. Ramsay, from Clerk to Cargo nicipal Engineering Division as a messenger. Clerk, Terminals Division. Except for the few months he spent there Francisco Gumbs, Clerk, from Employand with the Electrical Division all his mient aid Utilization Division to IOtor service has been in the Locks Division. He is Transportation Division. presently employed as Lead Foreman Lock OTHER PROMOTIONS Operator. His hometown is Landrus, Pa. Mr. Ellis was born in Savannah, Ga. Promotions which did not involve change His present job is Craneboat Operator in of title follow: Thirty N-cars contiminous service have the Dredging Division. He held his first Dr. Erik W. Michelsen, Chief, Clinical been chalked ip by William E. Lundy job as a "boy" in the Mechanical Division Pathology Section, Gorgas Hospital. and Paul A. Bistritz, who OCCupy sC_ and is one of two Aniericans still in service Lloyd P. Joseph, Clerk, Mlotor Transond place in this month's anniversaries. who worked here in the construction period. portation Division. Mr. Lutndy, a native of Star City' 20 YEARS Wentworth E. Ennis, Bookkeeping MaInd., began his Canal service as a clerk chine Operator, Payroll Branch. in the Commissary Division. He is A native Zonian is among the six men Robert L. Rankin, 'Marine Traffic Connow Assistant Treasurer in the Treas t who joined the ranks of the 20-year emitroller, Navigation Division. TUP Branch. ployees during April. One man has coiiHis hobby is natural history and he tinitiOis service. James Webster, Medical Aid (Underhas written uimeroUs articles for natRandolph M. Wikingstad was born in taking), Gorgas Hospital. rural history publications. Two of his Paraiso. He has spent all but three months Winston S. Johnson, Warchouseman, articles were included in a recent anof his service in the Transportation and Housing Branch, Comniunity Services Dithology, "Strangest CreatUres Oa Terminals Division. He is presently Supervision. Earth," two appeared in the Encvvisory Transportation Operations Officer Kenneth A. Brown, Glazier, Mainteclopedia of Natural History published (Water) in the Terminals Div-ision. ninice Division. by the American Museum of Natural Harry J. Quinlan has coittitotis s,rVice Edgar J. Moodie, Frank E. Lynch, AlHistory, and three are scheduled for as a Boilermaker. He is now Supertvisory fred Hibbert, Lilith M. Blackwood, MAdpublication it a iew encyclopedia onInspector (Boilermaker) iii the Industrial ical Technician, Coco Solo H-kodspital. ing out iin the near futulore. Division which he joined when it was known lie is also a charter member of the as the Mechanical Division. He is a native Pantama Canal Nattiral History So-~ of Muskegon, 'Mich. ciety and has been its treasurer for the Winfield S. Ireland has servicebroken only Mpas 20 years. by a tour of military duty. He is now DisRETIREM EN TSMr. istritz, Transportation Operatribution and Office Clerk i the Postal Ditions Officer in the Freight Departvision. His hometown is Owensboro, Ky. Retirement -crtiicates wcrc presented ment of the New York Office, has been John E. Jennison is a native of Los Artbe end of Ma a to twe tollotinr t seploed a member of the Panama Canal organgeles, Calif. Mich of his service has been theendof ay o te tllovmgempoyes iatin snceMay6, 929 Al ofhis with the Water and Laboratories Branich who are listed alphabetically, together with szatio since May 6, 1929F All of his x-here he is now Lead Foreman in the their birthplaces, titles, years of Canal serxce has been xith the Freight Deh s e service, arid their future homes. partmiit. Water Supptly' Systeirl. ie is a native New Yorker but iinow Donald E. Judson is Powerhouse OperaAnnie L. Allnut, 'Maryland; Dental Hxlives ig Clifto, N. J. tor-Dispatcher i i the Power ranch. Hie gietist Health Bureau; 22 years, 11 months, began his Canal service as a "o" i the 2Q days; Chevy Chase, Md. Dredging Divisioii bUt most of his service Merwin A. French, Ohio; Stipurvisor 25 YEARS has been xyith the Electrical Division. His Marine Traffic Controller, Naxigation D)rplace of birth is Roxburry, Mass. xision; 27 vears, 7 months; California. It was all men, io womse~i, o:i the quarterChester W. Pearson, a native of Ranmec, Winchell T. Pennock, Texas; Lead Forectrx lst lasr mo:rth, xith the men rep Pa., has serice broken by just slightly iore iin Tr m1iisportationi Equiplient Opratioins, resenting six different Canal divisions. tha three years. He has served as a waichI otrr 'T'ra sparsitiii Dis io.i 4) xars Fnour have coititious service. ina ili the Locks Division and also as a 9 t 2 s iErnest E. Fans is a Cost Acct t i ibg fireian. Ile is presently a Policeman iii Gorths, -dals; Ohio. Cier fr, 1 la.p -Clerk iin the Electrical Division. His first the rank of Private. George F. Welsh, Ohi; Cli ef, IEmplCanal job was as a junior cIerk iia the olfI rienit and 'tilizatio Division 16 yer Biiliig Divisioi. His hometown is 1i YEARS (i oiths, 23 ds;TxSpringfield, 'Mo. Four woieni are aiong the I I employees Henry E. Lewis, Lead Foreman Painter who reached the 15-y .ar miark ii service ill the litdirstriil Diison, has een a diriig Max'. Tlie are lted below, toip:iiter for most of his worJ ri g ears. HIe gather with their places of irth and present was emt ploved for a short While a a wt-atichp isitios. man inthe )d kechaniicad Division but has Mrs. Lei ibIndianapolis, Ind(., had coeti niiots seri'rce as a p ii ter since Clerk, Personnel iUreau, Records Section; October 15, 1941. ie is a native of HolMrs. Ferne E. LeVee, Ancon, Clerk Stoliland, Va. ographer, Clims Buit ranch; Mrs. Marguerite William J. Rose is Leai Rountdhois M. Orr, Ottawa, Canada, iHead Nurse Forenan in the Railroad Dixision. ie li-id (Psychiatry), Coco Solo Hospital: and Mrs. FROM CRISTOBAL a short terri Of s'rxic as a itnichiniist iin the Frances F. Walker, Edgewood, Ill., Time, acn --rd-g ----------------I iu Dit-ision but ioinied the Railroad Leave, and Payroll Clerk. Payroll Branch. C i -isionsetet years ago antd has be tlierTh filteen-xear ien aie Robert K. ristnba June 13 e\er since. Adams, Ancon, General Docking and UaA-----.oe 20 Walter Underwood has lield a tiniber of docking Forernan, Navigatit Io ii io-t: johs including thoue Of turniniel and to-ing Azael J. Benavides, SO:nia, R .P., E:lgi -crFROM NEW YORK lttormotiv'e operator in the Locks Dixision ingr Draftsiman. Engineering D i\tisi ;n: Dixie 'ristobal ----------------------jute 5 where he has been working for almost 23 P. Bender, Huttonvill', West Va. Towing years. Ilis presenit position is Lead MaLocoiotive Operator, Locks Diiision: Ancon J----june 12 chinist. IIe is a native of Appalachia, N.C. Enoch L. Hooper, Crisitoal, Fire LieuitenCristobil---------------------------------Other 25-Netar uten are Kenneth M. Edant, Fire Divisioni; Herman Panzer, Brookwards and David W. Ellis. Mr. E-xwards lvii, N. Y., Machinist, L ocks Ditision: ancon ------------June 30 Iegan his Caral service with the old MuErnest C. Stiebritz, Columbus. Ohio, Mlachiniist, Locks Division; and Marion E. Taake, Centralia. Ill., Lirilid Firels ICeAd r June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 Wharfnian, Terimrinils Diision.

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LEAVING SOON Safety Zone For Your Interest And Guidance In Accident Prevention ~Why Do We Work? Silly question! We work because we have to in order to keep body and soul together. But just a minute. Why is it then, that so many people with money still work at some kind of job? And how about all those retirees who Texas will be the future home of George F. are now working, at least part time? Welsh, Chief of the Employment and UtiliI zation Division, who retired in May. The Psychologists tell us that there's much more to it than just "making a Welshes will be leaving some time in July. living." One of the greatest satisfactions a man can experience is the satisfaction of a job well done. Inactivity can actually lead to mental illness, and in some cases to premature death. The best cure for the doldrums is to COCO Solo get busy doing something. To get that sought-after feeling of job satisfaction, we not only have cones of age to get to work, but we have to turn out a first-class job. We want to be known as an efficient employee. Efficiency gives us that self-respect so vital Coco Solo joined the handful of Canal to emotional equilibrium, and it earns the respect of others, also vital. Zone civilian towns little more than a Inefficiency, on the other hand, not only leaves a lot to be desired in year ago, hut today it ranks with any of them in such matters as housing, pubour own lives, but casts an unfair reflection on the people for whom we lic and community facilities, and in recwork. creational opportunities. For example, take the hypothetical case of an inefficient nurse. Suppose, This month, or in the near future, the p Supply Division's retail store will be when you visited your doctor's office, the nurse who was preparing to adcompleted, the theater will be air conminister some medicine to you tripped over the wastebasket and broke the ditioned rand theprecious vial. (Naturally yu'd begin to have doubts about her ability, no ready for use. trcos il (aualyv The extensive housing improvement matter how well she knows her viruses.) Or suppose, as she prepared to program undertaken at Coco Solo soon give you a shot, she accidentally jabbed herself. At that point, you'd be after the buildings were transferred to the Canal is nearing completion. tempted to grab your hat and run. Fair or not, your confidence in your The Maintenance Division has begun doctor would be deeply shaken by his incompetent nurse. the last main item in the program, the So it ought to be plain to all that, for personal reasons if no other, we kitchens in all, odern sink s are can ill afford to be inefficient or even to be thought inefficient. to be replaced, 28 replacements having Why devote all this space to a discussion of this kind? Because the been made soon after the transfer of prevention of accidents and fires is part of our job, no matter what our the quarters. In connection with this office title is. If any act of ours-or any neglect to act-contributes to or job, the kitchens are to be further modernized by the replacement or rencauses an accident or fire, then we're NOT 100 percent efficient, no matter ovation of cabinets and counter tops. how industrious, clever, or accurate we are in our work. We're a liability, The laundry facilities also have been not an asset. Think that one over! improved at all of the four-family quarters. With the replacement program and rearrangement of the laundry facilities in these houses, each apartment has its individual laundry trays. The Maintenance Division forces also are completing the job of widening and straightening the driveways under the 38 four-family apartment buildings. By APRIL 1959 realignment and widening the driveways, A SLIG under-the-house space is provided for cars BUREAU FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS LoST YEARt for each occupant. CASES INJURIES TO DATE Ote okacmlse tCc oo'59 '58 '59 i '59 '5 5 Other work accomplished at Coco Solo Supply & Community Service (Honor Roll) 48 39 0 2 0 20 1 2 on a community-wide basis has included New York Operations (Honor ]toll) 3 7 0 0 0 0 3 2 the tiling of kitchens, replacement of Civil Affairs -------(Honor Roll) 10 11 0 0 0 0 0 8 gas water heaters with electric heaters Transportation & Terminals --'5 36 1 2 14 9 11 5 and installation of electrical panels and Health -------------------------20 15 1 1 16 21 6 2 an ntllto felcrclpaesad Marine ----------------------(6)86 (309)356 2 (2)4 14 (6)24 (1)11 (9)20 meters. Engineering & Construction -----------32 28 2 3 13 624 4 6 The improvement and refurbishing Accident Pool ---0 0 --0 0 program in the newest Canal Zone civC. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company(6)283 (309)495 6 (2) 12 57 (6)698 (1)36 (9)45 ilian community cost upwards of ) Locks Overhaul injuries included in total. $300,000, exclusive of exterior and interior painting. 14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1959

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ILs a ong Haul On A Smallz awl The cabin of the Trekka is just large enough for Sailor Guzzwell, his typewriter, his teakettle, and his ukulele. Around the world all alone in a 20-foot boat is not everyone's cup of tea. But it suits John Guzzwell, 28-year-old British amateur sailor. Guzzwell, handsome and sunburned, arrived in Cristobal early in May after making the comparatively short trip from Barbados in his two and one-half ton homemade sailing yawl Trekka. The journey he had completed, however, was an impressive one. Starting from Victoria, British Columbia, approximately three and one-half years ago, young Guzzwell sailed his tiny craft across the Pacific to Hawaii and from there took a long jump through the South Seas to New Zealand and Australia. 7 From "Down Under" he piloted the Trekka to Africa, went around the Cape of Good Hope and across the South Atlantic to Ascension Island. From there he made it easily to Barbados. The daring young mariner, who travels alone with only a small radio receiving set and a minimum supply of The trim Trekka is eased onto the marine railway at the Criscanned goods, had little to say about his adventures except tobal Yacht Club where she was washed down and painted. that he had a rough time of it once when he ran into a heavy storm off the coast of Australia. while he was in Cristobal last month in preparation for the Although the young British adventurer has a gleaming new last lap of his journey home to Victoria. typewriter and a small library of reference books, he denied The Trekka made the Canal transit southbound May 16, that he was about to write his memoirs. He was more interand sailed for the Galapagos May 21. Before he returns to ested in getting his small boat painted and made shipshape Canada, Guzzwell hopes to drop anchor in Hawaii. Recaps--For Railroaders Pete Schill, who has been working on the Panama Railroad for the past year, models one of the snappy new railroad caps issued recently to Panama Railroad conductors and trainmen. When this picture was taken, Conductor Schill was checking passengers as they passed through the gate in the Colon Railroad station. Like other Panama Railroad men, Mr. Schill likes his new ventilated cap just fine. The caps were the first change made in Panama Railroad working clothes in a number of years. The new caps are black and, in keeping with the usual railroad practice, have a gold band and lettering for conductors and a silver band and lettering for trainmen. Those being used here have special ventilation of a type which is standard in the United States for use in warm weather. Mr. Schill is a native of Ohio. Before he came to the Isthmus last year he worked nearly 15 years with the Pennsylvania Railroad. During World War II he served with the U. S. Army in the Philippines. He came to the Isthmus from Kalamazoo, Mich., and was assigned to the Atlantic Area as a Road and Yard Conductor. He lives in Coco Solo with his wife and two daughters. June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15

PAGE 16

SHIPS AND SHIPPING MORE CANAL RECORDS! miara was under charter to Maurice Alextransited the Canal the'previous month Canal statisticians for ship traffic are ander Solvay, of Belgium, who was acwith 6,000 tons of sulphur. The Florence keecpiig their record books handy. The companied on the cruise by six guests. was towed by the tug Thomas Cornell. records have been subject to change on The 212-foot yacht has a gross tonnage Both barges left Balboa with the assista month's notice in the past two or three of 787 tons, was built in 1938 in Southance of second tugs for the trip to the notis. ihampton, England, by Thornycroft, and United States West Coast where they ars. xhas accommodations for 12 guests to live will be used in inter-port commerce. M~av wvas no ecpin hmnhpo ducineg an all-time high monthly total of in luxurious ocean-going comfort. Panama Agencies handled the craft here. 897 transits by ocean-going commercial Whaler Drydocked New Barber Liner ships. The 1(1 monthly record, of only Overhaul work was completed by the The new motorship Tai Ping, a 10,854 two months standing, was 882 transit, Industrial Division at the end of May deadweight-ton cargo carrier, arrived at set in March. The daily average transit on the whaling ship Olmeda owned by the Canal May 19 on her maiden voyage recordof 28.54 established last February Cia. Ballenera del Norte of Peru. Rein the Far East service of the Barber also was exceeded last month with a pairs were made on the propeller shaft Steamship Line. The new ship takes her divaeaeo9.4 for 1\4a for to arleelaeoshepoelr-hf tamhpLn. h e hi ae e daily average of I9.4n rMay, tOlis as well as a general overhaul. The 01name from the old Tai Ping that was paying ocean-going ships meda, one of seven catcher/killer-type famous in the Barber Line service for Service whaling ships used off the Peruvian coast many years. She is the second in a series Around-the-World to catch sperm whales, is the second of of four vessels to be delivered this year Another around-the-world-service liner the fleet to be brought to Cristobal for and in 1960 for this service. This class scheduled to pass through the Panama repairs. The first was the Don Cristobal of vessel has a capacity of 620,155 cubic Canal five times each year arrived in which came here in March. feet including 30,000 feet of refrigerated Balboa on her maiden voyage in her new The Olmeda was formerly a U. S. cargo space and deep tanks for edible service this week. The vessel is the MS minesweeper and is built with a wooden oils. Barber Line ships are represented Johan Van Oldenbarnevelt, a 19,878-ton hull with copper sheathing. The Don by Fenton & Co. liner with 970 passengers aboard. Cristobal was built during the last war in The ship arrived here June 1 and Norway and was used in the North Sea TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING docked in Cristobal on the last lap of her for several years before she was sold to VESSELS IN APRIL first globe-girdling trip which included the Ballenera del Norte. Both ships were ESESN PI calls at Port Said, Aden, New Zealand, represented here by Panama Agencies. 1958 1959 Australian ports, and Tahiti. On her Commercial 734 830 way to Southampton, the liner will call Self-Loading Barge U. S. Government 22 22 at Port Everglades, Fla. and Bermuda, The Oliver J. Olsen Co. barge Forrest, Total --756 852 according to a schedule issued by Fenton a self-loading and unloading barge of the & Co., agents for the ship here. latest design, was towed through the TOLLS* Canal last month en route from Galves1958 1959 Luxury Yacht Transits ton, Tex. to Port Angeles, Calif. Commercial $3,367,300 $3,910,102 One of the largest private yachts now The second of her type to transit the U. S. Government 83,359 90,053 in commission paid a visit to the Canal Canal, the Forrest came here under tow Total $3,450,659 $4,000,155 Zone during May. She was the Shemara, by the tug Mary Cornell which is owned *Iwludes toils on all vesscs, ocean-going a ll owned by the well-known Sir Bernard by the same company. The barge, 272 CARGO (long tons) and Lady Docker, of England. She arfeet long, is equipped with two 30-ton Commercial 3,863,386 4,264,059 rived here May 1 from the South Sea cranes and is capable of carrying 250,000 U. S. Government 81,779 100,0w Islands and made her first Canal transit cubic feet of cargo under her decks. U 8177 ___,8 May 5 en route to Trinidad. The SheShe is similar to the Florence which Total 3,945,165 4,364,145 Last month the largest shipment of frozen tuna ever to be voyage to the West Coast and the Far East. Fenton & Co. loaded at a Canal port was placed on board the Lloyd Bakke, act as agents here for the Knutsen Line. novest addition to the Knutsen Line which runs ships between The transshipment of frozen tuna at Cristobal started durNew York and the Far East. The tuna -1,155 tons of it-ing September of last year when the first shipment of tuna was brought to Cristobal aboard the two Japanese fishing caught off the Brazil coast was loaded on a ship bound for boats Kurdsuia Mare and Kotoshiro Marn from the South California. Shipments now arrive in Cristobal approximately Atlantic and is en route to canneries in the Los Angeles area. every two months and the frozen tuna is loaded on the first The Lloyd Bakke arrived in Cristobal May 14. Loading ship which has space for the U. S. West Coast. The tuna fleet operations, which began shortly afterwards, took approxinow operating in the South Atlantic is represented here by lately five days. The Lloyd Bakke was making its maiden Norton, Lilly & Co., Fernie & Co., and Panama Agencies Frozen stiff, the tuna are hauled up by bunches, Japanese fishing boats bring the South Atlantic tuna to Cristobal to looking for all the world like over-size bananas. be transferred to California-bound ships like the Lloyd Bakke, below. -4 t9ii I~*