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Vol. 9, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 5, 1959 5 cents
~/:. ~'- ';d
PANAMA CAN AL
NE of the Canal Zone's small-boat owners was grumbling ~to friends the
other day. "You have to put in four or Five days of work For jusi one
day of pleasure," he said. But just a few days beFore, he had been
offered a good price for his boat and had turned it down--indignantly.
He and several hundred other Zonians are-you might say-- in the same
boat. They may growl and complain at the expense and care which a boat
means but, once devotees of the sport, few of them are ever happy again
without a small craft of some sort..
They may shift their allegiance from sailboat to molorboat. from Inboard to
outboard, as many of them have done in the past few. veors ThJYmU~uey may-an
do--argue the mentsj of one type against teohr hs h s hi
boats for Fishing may take a dim view of those who tow water skiers. But
boats they all must have.
In the past Few years, the number of small craft registered in the Canal
Zone has more than doubled. There is an increasing trend to outboards, like
the Danish-built Coronet in the picture above with its owner, Bill Robinson.
But whether they are at the helm of a sailboat or, the ~wheel of a motor
boat, hundreds of Zonians are skimming the whalers of the Canal and the
terminal harbors every weekend, and sometimes after work. The rest of the
time, if you believe them, they are fol owing the adage from Dana's"Two
Years Before The Mast":
Srxx dlays shahl Ihou labor and do all thou are able-
And on the re.enlh--hobstjone the decks and scrape 'Ieo cable."
On pages 8 and 9 of Ihhis issue, "The Review" begins a series on small boat-
ing-the fastest-gro ilng sport In the Canal Zone. This month s story is de-
voted to the small boaters of the Paclllc sIde.
W. E. POTTER, Governor-President a -. I J. RuFus HAnov, Editor
JoHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor ELEANOR MCILIZENNY, Assistant Editor
WIILLIAM G. AREY, JR. Official Panama Canal Company Publication EUNICE RKICARD and WILLIE K;. FRIAR,
Panama Canal Information Officer Published M~onthly At Balboa Heights. C. Z. Editorial Assistants
Printed by the Printing Plant, Moulnt Hope, Canal Zon
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor. The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
June 5, 1959
Bids to be asked soon
The largest building program offered
for contract by the Canal in several years
will be advertised for bid this month.
It will include extensive additions and
alterations to the plant of the United
States schools on the Pacific side and
construction of the 45 housing units
planned for the coming fiscal year in La
Boca. It is presentl planned to offer
all the work under one advertisement.
Bidders will have the option of entering
offers on all work under one lumnp sum
or on four different items covering three
schools at Los Rios and Diablo Heights,
and the quarters at La Boca-
The school plant work will include
an elementary school at Los Rios, a
new elementary school at Diablo
Heights, and a Pacific-side junior high
school at Diablo Heights. Work on the
latr en His b nvr on rofh dexi ing
room work, construction of two mason-
ry buildings, and the remodeling and
refitting of the gymnasium.
All of the new school buildings will be
of masonry construction. Th two element-
taryy school buildings will be similar in
floor plan, utilizing the '"finger-type" plan
of single classroom depth to give bilateral
ventilation and light. They will both be
oriented to the north for optimum condi-
tions for light and air. In general appear-
ance they will be similar to the Paraiso
elementary school where this type of con-
struction was first used in the Canal Zone.
The Los Rios school will be located on
the elevated ground in the playground
area at a minimum distance of about 150
feet from Anton Street. Broad entrances
for school busses will be provided from
that street on the Gaillard Highway side
of town to a covered loading area. From
this area access to the school buildings
will be by covered passageway.
The school will have 12 classrooms,
each 26 by 30 feet, a slightly larger
room for kindergarten, an air-condi-
tioned music room, school clinic, and
rooms for teachers and administrative
personnel. The teachers' rooms will
be equipped with small kitchen units*
The classrooms will be in the longer
of the two main buildings, which will
be separated by a landscaped patio*
The floor plan and the design of the
Los Rios School were prepared by the
Architectural Branch of the Engineering
Division sometime ago but actual con-
struction was deferred.
The same general design will be used
for the Diablo elementary school which
is to be located on the site of the Special
Engineering Division buildings to be de-
molished within the next few weeks. The
plant there will be somewhat smaller than
that at Los Rios and will have only eight
classrooms, but otherwise will be almost
identical mn construction and facilities.
The two new masonry buildings for
the junior high school will be two-story
structures located adjacent to the existing
elementary school. The frame building
will be extensively remodeled for class-
roomn work. Long-range plans call for the
demolition of this building and extension
of oine of the new buildings to provide
classrooms in a masonry structure.
The larger of the two new buildings
will be located immediately behind the
elementary school. It will contain a
library, study hall, three laboratories,
a home economics room, twvo class-
rooms, two rooms for the faculty and
one for remedial reading, rest rooms,
and storage areas. The home econom-
ics room will be equipped with seven
built-in kitchen units.
The smaller of the buildings will house
the junior' high school shops on the first
floor and music rooms on the second
floor. It will be located east of the existing
frame buildings so that it can be extended
to parallel the larger building at the back
when the school plant is fully developed.
The Diablo Gymnasium is to be, re-
modeled to provide? new lockers, showers,
and dressing rooms in the basement.
These will serve the gymnasium floor on
the second story and will open directly
onto the playing field at the school.
All three buildings are to be connected
with covered passageways. The entrance
to the school is also to be widened and
covered areas provided at the front for the
loading and unloading of school busses.
The general designs for the new Di-
ablo school buildings were also provided
by the Architectural Branch, although
final designs and specifications are being
prepared under contract by Sanders &
Associates, a Panama architectural firm
which has handled a number of~ other
major design jobs for the Panama Canal
Company in recent years.
The Canal Zone's two new elementary schools will be light and airy. They will look much like the architectural rendering above..
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3
Leaves are whisked out of gutters as if by magic as a tractor with Andres Guiomns at
the wheel tows the giant-sized Good Roads Scavenger through a street in Balboa.
A bright red monster with an insati-
able appetite--for leaves-is snorting
around Pacific side streets- these days.
The monster, a Rube Goldberg type
of machine, is really a new piece of
equipment placed in operation recently
by the Grounds Branch of the Commun-
ity Services Division. Officially it is
known as a Good Roads Scavenger but
others are more apt to refer to it simply
as a leaf picker-upper.
The machine is actually a super or
king-sized vacuum cleaner with a large
rubber suction tube operated by an
outrider who sits in a small seat at-
tached to the side of the contraption.
From his perch, the operator is able to
move the tube about and pick, up leaves
from the gutter or along the sidewalk.
The machine is towed through the
streets by a tractor and when the leaf
picker-upper operator wants to stop or
execute some special maneuver, he sig-
nals the driver of the tractor with a horn
attached to his outrider seat.
People at the Grounds Branch say that
the new machine operates like a charm
and is much moore efficient than other
street-cleaning methods used in the
Canal Zone previously. It is able to
clean up a whole community in one day.
A similar machine in a less brilliant
hue is operating on the Atlantic side of
From his perch on the side of the machine,
Severino Hernandeiz T. controls the tube.
Harold G. Drake, Plans and Operations Dir-
ector of the 3d Regional Headquarters in
Georgia, center, discusses operations with
Governor Potter and JamesA. Brigmnan, who
heads the Canal radiological defense group.
Canal 'Officials gathered in the new Control Center at Balboa H-eights when the Civil
Defense alert hegan. From left: Col. T. G. Faison, E. A. Doolan, Captain Gaddis W~all,
H. L. Donovan. At right: George Logan, map officer, and E. C. Jones at message center.
4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
June 5, 1959
Trhe Red Monster Is Really
Ci-vil Defense Forces
Gets his first look at Panama Canal
United Nations Secretary General Dag H-ammarskjold
was just as interested in the workings
of the Panama Canal
as an ordinary tourist from, say, K~ansas.
The top man in the international organization
spent considerable time last month
with Governor Potter at Miraflores Locks
watching a steady flow of ships move up and down.
H~e was on the Isthmus for several days to attend
a conference of the UN Economic Council for Latin
America. In his job he really covers ground. H~e
flew here from a conference in Geneva,
then continued on to UN Headquarters in New York.
Later in the week, over 25o of the delegates
to the Panama City meeting were guests
of the Panama Canal for a visit to Miraflores
Locks and a partial transit of the Canal.
"1This has unquestionably been one
of the highlights of our stay in this country
and afforded the staff an unique opportunity
of seeing the Canal under the
most pleasant circumstances," Dr. Raul Prebisch,
Executive Secretary of the UN Commission,
said in a letter to Governor Potter.
June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5
now than it was in his earlier years in
Chiriqui and on the old Summit Ranch,
says Mr. Aparicio. You seldom find the
huge alligators which once were such a
menace to the cattle. Hunters, in search
of skins, have killed off most of the large
Mr. Aparicio remembers seeing calves
suddenly pulled below the surface and
killed by alligators as they forded streams
during round-up time. They sometimes
attacked both his horse and dog. A
good cattle dog, "Blackie," which he
owned for many years, was pulled be-
neath the water five times by one of the
giant reptiles on one occasion but amaz-
ingly managed to fight off his attacker
Although Mr. Aparicio is not a west-
ern style bronco-buster, he does have a
reputation for his ability to break horses
to the saddle, and local riding clubs often
call on him to help in training their
Mindi's oldest cowboy joined the
Dairy in 1934 and has been there ever
since. He is a bachelor and makes his
home in Colon.
The herds of cattle which once roamed
along the banks of the Canal have dis.
appeared and most of the cowboys who
slogged through the swamps, fighting off
alligators and roping recalcitrant steers,
have -moved on to other jobs,
Enrique Aparicio is one of the few
genuine cowboys left in the Canal Zone.
After 40 years of tropical range riding
he is still "rounding up" the cattle at
the Mindi Dairy.
Mr. Aparicio became a cowboy when
he was only 10 years old in Chiriqui
where he was born. He has been working
with cows since that time. During World
War I, when cattle were raised in the
Canal Zone for shipment to the Army
in Europe, Mr. Aparicio worked at the
Summit Ranch where he gained a repu-
taltion for being able to rope the meari-
He recalls one incident when bets had
been placed that he would not be able
to rope a certain very wild steer that had
roamed through the jungle and defied
capture for days. Mr. Aparicio went
into the jungle, tracked the animal, and
roped him the first day.
At Mindi, on "Stardust" or "Red,"
Mr. Aparicio rides fences, checks water
supplies, weeds out the sick and the in-
jured animals, and does general round-
Cattle herding is much less hazardous
Enrique Aparicio, on his horse Red, herds cattle into pens at Mindi.
rounds-up the cattle at Mindi Dairy
Plans are now being completed for
alteration of part of the first floor of
the Cristobal Retail Store building
for use as a railroad passenger sta-
tion. This will occupy space toward
the rear of the Front Street side of
space for baggage rooms and rail-
road offices will be provided behind
the passenger waiting room.
While plans are not definite, the
remainder of the first floor will prob-
al eP ued to housw thseunitsaf
in the Atlantic side Central Employ-
Other sections of the building will
probably be used for furniture stor-
age by the Housing Branch of the
Community Services Division.
The retail store will be vacated
the end of this month when its stock
is combined with that of the Coco
will be completed
status and expect -to seek a transfer to
another Government agency. There is
no time limit for Canal Zone reinstate-
ment nor for transfer to other Govern-
ment agencies once an employee acquires
Career Merit status.
According to the summary of conver-
sions to the Merit System announced at
the end of May, relatively few Canal
employees have failed to obtain recom-
mendabtions for conversion. Less than
sidered qualified for the jobs they hold.
Up to the end of May approximately
5,500 employees had been given Merit
System status, sand another 1,500 will be
converted during this month. Notifica-
tion of this new status will reach these
persons as soon as the papers can -be
prepared. It is anticipated that the ree-
ommendations for the remaining 7,000
employees will be accomplished within
three or four -months.
The number of conversions to the
Merit System thus far includes approx-
imately 1,000 employees who held Civil
Service status when the Merit System
was established last January. All of
these w\ere automatically covered into
the 31eirit System. Most of the conver-
sions made are employees in the Marine,
Transportation and Terminals, and En-
gineering and Construction Bure~aus.
The? Personnel Bureau has an-
nounced that employees who plan to
leave the Canal service at an early date
should notify the Bureau so that con-
version to ahe Mlerit System can be ac-
complished. All such cases will be
handled on an individual basis to com-
plete the conversion before the em-
ployee leaves the service.
If the emplooyee has three or more
years of continuous Federal service, he
will be eligible for career status qualify-
ing him for Canal Zone reinstatement or
transfer to Federal jobs in the United
States with Civil Service status without
the requirements of an examination. This
is especially important for those employ-
ees who do not no~w have Civil Service
Establishment of the Canal Zone
Merit System on a fully-operating basis
for the 13,700 employees of the Comp-
pany-Governmentt is much nearer ac-
tuality than was predicted upon its in-
auguration last January 19.
After a review of work accomplished
in the four-onth period, the Personnel
Bureau late last month predicted that
nearly all Company-Government em-
ployees will be accorded Merit System
status early in the coming ~fiscal~ year.
Last January, it was estimated that this
would require a full year for completion.
Meanwhile, the first employment for a
permanent Canal position was made
early last month from a Merit System
register. The employee to hold this dis-
tinction is Francisco Villareal, Pana-
manian, who was employed as Laborer
M-2, in the Grounds Maintenance Branch.
He had be~en it a, temporary job and
qualified for the L;aborer register by ex-
ammnation held early this year by the
Central Employment O~ffice.
With his employment on the new job,
1Mr. Villareal becomes a "career condi-
tional" employee and his status will
change to that of "'career" employee
upon completion of 36 months of satis-
factory service. This career status
means to him that he will have Group
I rating for retention (reduction in
force) purposes, and he will have perm-
anent status for reemploymrent.
The conversion of the Canal organi-
sation to the Merit System is primarily
a clerical task since, with minor excep-
tions, permanent employees are con-
First 1Werit System Register employee.
for the Canal
A newv gift shop, with spe-
will be built around this
The Atlantic side communities of Coco
Solo, Margarita, and Gatun will have a
modern, two-story department store this
month when the second floor of the Coco
Solo Retail Store opens for business.
The opening date has been set, tenta-
tively, for June 25. Merchandise from
the Cristobal store, which now goes out
of business (see box), is to be moved to
the Coco Solo store earlier in the week
and will be i~eady in its new location by
Thursday, June 25.
The new second floor- adds 21,000
square feet to the Coco Solo store and
more than doubles the floor space.
Personnel from the Supply and Engi-
neering Divisions have been working
for several months on the floor plan
and have developed one which, they
believe, will handle the flow of cus-
tomers better than in any other of the
retail stores in the Canal Zone system.
One wide main aisle will run diag-
onally across the second floor, from en-
trance td entrance. This w~ill be broken
at the center, by the single pillar on the
From the wide main aisle, traffic will
flow into the various merchandise sec-
tions, where men's wear, women's wear,
infants' and children's clothing and other
items, shoes, linens, and other domestic
goods will be sold. In addition to the
gift shop, the second floor will also house
a boutique--or little shop-which will
handle gift items of a more personal na-
ture than those sold in the central gift
Merchandise to be handled at the At-
lantic side's department store will be the
same' as that carried in similar sections
at the Balboa Retail Store. Quantities,
however, will be proportionately smaller
because of the smaller Atlantic side pop-
Stockrooms where reserve merchan-
dise will be stored are located around
6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
June 5, 1959
M lEIT S SEV
M~~IODERN DEPARTMENT STORE
Panama Line study. The management consultant firm of Drake,
Startzman, Sheahan and Barclay, of New York, has been, employed
by the Bureau of the Budget to make a study and prepare a report on
the Panama Line operations. The scope of the study will include an
analysis of passen er traffic, cargo trends, terminal facilities, and
transportation requirements of the Canal organization and o her Gov-
ernment agencies in this area. Personnel of the consultant fir are to
be stationed first in the New York office of the Panama Line. Later
they will visit the Isthmus and also spend some time in Haiti.
Student Officers. The end of the school year last month brought
new responsibilities for a double handful of the Canal 2'one's
young people. They are the boys and girls shown in these pictures
who learned, as school ended, that they would serve as officers in
the various Student Associations next year.
At the top left, William Black, outgoing president of the Jun-
ior College Association, passes the gavel to his successor, John
Whitman. At the right are Grady Hester, president, and Worden
.. .. .and the Cristobal ~High School Student Association O~fficers.
French, vice president, of the Balboa Student Association. At the
time the picture was taken, the two secretaries, Barbara Bartlett
and Karen Lytle had not been announced.
And at the bottom are the Cristabal High School Student
Association Officers. F~rom left: Paul Leignadier, secretary; James
Will, president; Molly Engelke, treasurer; Sharon McElhone, vice
president; and Maurice Belanger, treasurer.
School vacated. Evacuation of all school equipment from. the Cris-
tobal High School building in New Cristabal was started this month
immediately after schools closed. The building, which, has been part
of the Canal Zone school system for the past quarter of a century, will
be transferred to the Republic of Panama under provisions of the
1955 Treaty. It is one of the largest structures involved in the prop-
erty transfer. When schools are reopened in the fall, Cristobal High
School will initiate sessions in its new building at Coco Solo.
Dr. Eisen Leaving. Maj. Bruno Eisen, Superintendent of Coco
Solo Hospital. who has been transferred to the WNalter Reed Army
Institute of Research in Washington, D. C., will leave the Isthmus
June 19. He will be succeeded here by Lt. Col. Ralph E. Conant
who will come to the Zone in September from Fort McPherson, Ga.
Dr. Eisen was appointed Superintendent of Coco Solo Hlospital
in August 1957, to succeed Dr. John M. Wilkerson who was retired.
He has been on the Isthmus since July 1956.
canal zone Junior college .. .
. .Balboa High School
June 5, 1 959
ahead of schedule
40 out of the total of some 5,000 pro-
cessed have failed to qualify. Most of
these have not qualified on their jobs or
have records of unsatisfactory conduct.
All of these will be continued mn "status
quo" positions and have been notified
to this effect with an explanation of the
specific effect this may have on their
tenure of employment.
Registers of individuals who have
qualified under the Merit System. have
thus far been established by the Central
Employment Agency only for Laborers
and Helpers, with various options for
each. However, examinations have been
held for clerks, typists, and stenogra-
exetedR t e essta lise ths mothar
The second examination for clerks
is being held this week. The exarmina-
tion for Atlantic side residents was given
Wednesday at the Cristobal High School,
and the Pacific side exam was scheduled
for today at Balboa High School.
A high percentage of applicants failed
to qualify in the first examinations for
clerks, typists, and stenographers held
a few weeks ago. Of the 131 applicants
for clerical positions, 106 passed. Half
of the typist applicants qualified in for-
mal exams, while only 21 of the 82 ap-
plicants for stenographer passed the test.
The high ratio of failures was attributed
to the language factor.
Applications for clerk, typist, and
stenographer positions will be received
on a continuing basis until further notice,
the Central Employent Office has an-
nounced. Formal examinations will be
scheduled at intervals depending upon
the number of qualified applicants. The
names of those qualifying in subsequent
examinations will be placed on active
registers already established.
Zone's AC~tlantic siders
the entire perimeter of the new second
floor. Partitions will separate the stock
rooms from the sales sections. This
will allow for more attractive displays
than are possible in stores where wvin-
dows have to be taken into account.
Shelving will be used on the sales-space
side of the partitions and peg-boards will
be installed in some locations for me~r-
chandise displays. The store will be ar-
ranged so that self-selection and over-the-
counter sales can be made, depending on
the type of merchandise in the various
Planners of the layout have put much
stress on appearance, as well as conven-
ience for customers and sales personnel.
In addition, the planners have designed
the building so that it can be air-con-
ditioned later, if necessary. This will not
be done, however until funds are available.
c --.--se ~l~1~1~SL
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9
The replacement value of the go boats which make the Balboa Yacht Club their home is estimated at well over SI,ooo,ooo. Th~ boats range in size from So-odd footrcabin cruisers to 8-foot outboards. A long fingerpier splits the mooring area almost in half.
are trailer-type boats, many of them outboards. Some of
thememers lie te cub' resident, G. C. Lockridge,
built their own boats andtaiesOhrsav oen
for the fancy new fibreg ass boats, some of which are
imported from Europe.
wi~dheerob wiih adnj lnstwo bot ssimu tn $ul
This ramp has just been concreted. It has a moderate
grade but is unusually long because of the high Pacific
tides. The Club also has a mooring area for 24 boats
and a parking lof for cars and trailers, but no clubhouse
or other social life. It was organized six years ago for
Fishermen. Its members are still so designated.
The smallest of the Pacific-side clubs is that at Pedro
Miguel. Its membership of over 60 is mostly social.
The Club has a launching ramp For outboards but most
of tsbots ieupat mooring or alongside the dock
which is soon to~h beb'~g replaced.' Its land-locked position
cloes not restrict its boats. The 34-Foot cabin cruiser "Tin
Goosee" For instance, owned by D. H. and V. F. Spencer,
locks down Frequently For ocean fishing trips.
Big boats, little boats, sailboats, motorboats, boats a
yacht clubs, boats from carports, boats on loading ramps
imported boats, homemade ~boats, expensive boats
simp e boats, sail, scoot, or slip through or over the wa e
of the Pacific side.
hMeosb o tihemI fl hetbhurge o sbebr te insgnte ofD !
blo Spinnin Club, or the Pedro Miguel Boat Clut:
which toget er have over 400 members.
The 90 boats moored at the Balboa Yacht Ciu
are, primari y, deep-water craft. One of the large; i
the 48-foot cabin cruiser "Pescadora," once owned by
Capt. Clifford Payne, later a Navy patrol craft, and now r
the property of Elmer Orr and Barney Forgeson. She has l
a longer cruising range than most local power craft.
Outstanding among the sailing craft is Wally Pearson's
"Tondelayo," a 46-Foot auxiliary ec hc ebic
himself and on which he has saiedto thchhe Galaagos
None of the 90 boats owned by SpinningCu e
bers is more than 26 feet long. Under Club r~ulesaI
Boating's a "togetherness" sport. At the Diablo Spinning Club, Mrs. Bill Rob-
inson, Erik, Paul, and Bruce all supervise the launching. Bill does the work!
Ernest C. Devine sailed his 37-foot ketch
Symbol here from Seattle some years ago.
Sydney Albritton, of Diablo Heights, is building his 21-footer At the Pe ael Boat Club the boats are
from native Maria plywood. It will be covered with fibreglass. tied' up stone's throb of the Locks.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5,1959 June 5;1959
The double marine railway at the Balboa Yacht Club is almost
constantly in use. Reservations are made well ahead of time.
Everyone gets into the act. Los CluZados was built and
is owned by the Bob Lessiack and Bob Adams families,
f RStest growing
It will be July and not April but
three others who will join the tour in Rome.
From New York the tour party will
take an overnight flight to Lisbon, the
first European stop. They then work
east, through Spain, southern France and
Italy, before they start north again into
Austria, Switzerland, Germany, and
France. In Germany they will make the
famed Rhine River trip by boat from
Frankfurt to Koblenz. Their longest
stays will be in Madrid, Paris, and Lon-
don where they will have four full days
at each place. Young Janice Scott, 15,
who is the youngest member of the party,
is looking forward to Paris with especial
interest; she already has a date lined up
there, she says.
From Paris, the tourists go on to
Belgium and Holland before they cross
the English Channel by plane for Lon-
don, the last scheduled stop on the
tour. Several of the party plan to ex-
tend their stay abroad to visit Ireland
and Scotland but most of them leave
London by jet plane on August 1, on
their way home.
Members of the tour party are: From
the Canal Zone, Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin;
Mr. and M/rs. Thatcher Clisbee; Mr. and
Mrs. Miguel Coreo; Mr. and Mrs. Henry
L. Donovan; Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Gwinn;
Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Harrison; Mr. and
Mrs. L. E. Horine; Mr. and Mrs. Leroy
B. Magnuson; Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Ran-
dall; Mrs. Lucille Abernathy; Mrs. Jes-
sie Grimison; Mrs. Gladys Baldwin; Mrs.
Catherine W. Taylor; Mrs. Genevieve
Long; Mrs. Elizabeth Sudron; Mrs. Mar-
jorie Jones; the Misses Mary Murphy,
Sara de la PefIa, Bertha I. Frensley,
Bernardine Hanna, and Janice G. Scott;
and Henry J. Chase.
From Panama: Mr. and Mrs. Law-
rence Adler, Mrs. Catharine W.~ Fisher--
Mr. Adler and Mrs. Fisher are retired
from the Panamna Canal service, Mr. and
Mrs. Rodolfo Herbruger, Mrs. Carmen
Fernandez, Miss Maria del Carmen
Mongo, Miss Maria Abaisa, and David
Robles; and from the United States,
Mrs. E. G. Miller and Miss Juanita
"LShall I take this one?" Janice Scott asks her grandmother, Mlrs. Jessie Grimison,
who is checking a guide book to see what clothes are needed for a European trip.
With Floyd H. Baldwin, General Aud-
itor of the General Audit Division, as
their guide, mentor, adviser, and director,
some three dozen Canal Zonians are off
to Europe next week on what they de-
scribe as the First Annual Canal Zone-
When they finish 54 days of traveling
by plane, train, bus, and boat, they will
have visited 21 cities in 11 countries, in-
cluding the tiny principality of Monaco.
As companions on their travels, the
three dozen or so Zonians will have nine
residents of the Republic of Panama and
two women who live in the United States
and learned of the tour from relatives
For most of the tourists, the trip will
be their first abroad, but there are
several in the group who are old hands
at European travel--such as Sara de la
Pefia of the Canal Zone District Court.
Miguel Corco, who is just winding up
40 years of Panama Canal service, was
born in Olat in Spain; he has made
several trips abroad.
The European tour officially gets under
way next Tuesday when about half a
dozen persons leaving from the Isthmus
board a Pan American Airways plane at
Tocumen Airport. In Ne~w York they
will be joined by 34 others who had pre-
ceded them for a short leave in the United
States or for other personal reasons, and
Warning to Parents: ~"~~~'"p,
:onians to take advanced
at Balboa High School
United States equipped to offer this
The science students here, and in other
schools offering this course, will work
from a specially edited four-volume text-
book and laboratory manuals.
They will start with the volumne called
The Universe which deals with the basic
concepts with which the students must
have a minimum acquaintance before
they can come to grips with more de-
tailed matters of science.
As they move on to the more detailed
studies, the students will work on light
and waves, force and motion, and elec-
tricity and atom structure.
The textbooks will be supplemented
by a number of training films and by
supplementary reading on a variety of
scientific and historical topics.
Isthmian parents who are still not
quite convinced that the atom is no
longer the smallest bit of matter, who
haven't the faintest idea of what an ion
exchange is, and for whom the inven-
tions of Edison and Marconi are still
the marvels of the century, are in for a
Sometime next year, provided they
are parents of certain Balboa High School
students, they will watch, hem~azed, as
their youngsters construct atomic struc-
tures from Tiner Toy sets, listen in be-
wilderment while these same young
people explain why Saran wrap sticks to
itself, and try to grasp the principles
advanced by Dr. Edward Teller.
And before the year is over, they will
become quite familiar with the phrase,
"But it's simple--look."
The course in which these young soi-
entists will be learning these and many
other fascinating facts is to be taught by
Dem~itt E.Myers, member of the Balboa
High School faculty for the past five years.
H~e is preparing for this strenuous new
course this summer at the National Science
Foundation Summer Institute at the Uni-
versity of Connecticut*
The course, which is designed for
advanced achievement sections, has
been developed and was inaugurated
by the Physical Science Study Commit-
tee at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. It can be used only in
high schools where physics teachers
have been specially trained. When
the course was first offered, in 1957,
it was given in only eight high schools
in the United States. This year, Bal-
boa High School will be one of approx-
imately 300 schools throughout the
10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
June 5, 1959
They're going to see Paris
ON T'HE COVER
Kenny Wiberg, 7, of Margarita, is
much too young to appreciate the
history represented by the great
Spanish anchors which stand in
front of the Terminals Building in
Cristobal. But it is quite evident to
Kenny that the anchors are a bit too
large for his sailboat, the same gen-
eral type craft as that which carried
The anchors were discovered in
1911 in the jungle along the chagres
River, not far from the old town of
Las Cruces. They are several hun-
dred years old. Local historians say
that early in the 16th century, ships
were disassembled on the Atlantic
side of the Isthmus, the parts car-
ried across to the Paci~fic Ocean and
the craft reassembled there.
One legend has it that the anchors
now in Cristobal were ferried up the
Chagre~s by boat and unloaded at
Las Cruces for overland transport to
Panama. One of the 40 men carry-
ing one of the anchors stumbled
and fell. The others dropped the
anchor which crushed and killed
seven of its bearers. For years this
location bore the name of Mata-
exete, or "seven killed."
When American forces found the
anchors, they hauled them several
hundred yards on sledges to the
Chagres River by block and tackle
and floated them by raft to Cristo-
bal. The anchors lay for years in
a storehouse at Mount Hope before
they were moved to their present
location in 1918.
The stocks of the original anchors
were of wood which was replaced by
concrete in 1931. The stocks meas-
ure to feet 8 inches in length. The
length of the shank between crown
and stock is 12 feet, one-half inch.
50 Years Ago
The last of 480 concrete monoliths was
set in place on the floor of the spillway
at Gatun Dam 50 years ago this month,
completing the north section of the floor.
At the nearby locks, one chamber was
almost ready for concrete pouring.
Although there was still considerable ex-
cavlalton to be done sn the east chamber at
Pedro Miguel Locks, work was progressing
so rapidly on the west side that the excavc-
tion there woould be completed by the end
of the month.
The last steam shovel work on the
Obispo diversion was completed June 1,
1909, and two days later the temporary
outlet of the channel into the Cut op-
posite Las Cascadas was closed, diverting
water into the Chagres River above the
Gamnboa bridge. The diversion was to
keep the water on the east side of the
Cut, north of the divide at Culebra, from
flowing into the Cut.
A portion of the breakwater under con-
dtruction at N'aos Island--nnow the cause-
woay from Fort Amador--gave way 50 years
ago thus month almost two miles from the
mainland. The break was due to a sliding
movement sn the thick deposit of mud which
underlay the fell and was the first major
trouble in the three years of dumping.
25 Years Ago
Isthmian-wide preparations were under
way 25 years ago this month for a visit
fromn President Franklin Delano Roose-
velt. He was to leave the United States
June 30 for Hawaii, via the Panama
Canal aboard the cruiser Houston. He
had accepted an invitation from Pan-
ama's President to be Panama's guest
during his stay here.
Over the objections of ship owners, the
House of Representatives passed a bill
abolishing a dual system of measurement
for tolls on ships transitiang the Panama
Canal. The vote was 99--48.
Representatives of organized labor in
the Canal Zone appealed to the Comp-
troller General of the United States for
a ruling which would determine definitely
whether or not a 40-hour work week
could mean a decrease in pay.
Beginning in July, the Governor of The
Panama, Canal announced, the Canal or-
ganization would be prepared t~o asset the
repatriation of unemployed West Indians
and their families. The head of the family
had to have at least three years of United
States Government service.
Another official announcement notified
cattlemen in Panama that the Canal
organization was ready to buy 150 head
of local cattle a month for slaughter at
the Mount Hope abattoir.
Record classes--to then--were graduated
from the two Canal Zone high schools in
June 1984. At Balboa High School there
were 104 graduates; at Cristobal High
10 Yer A o
In Washington in June, 1949, a vice
president of the Association of American
Railroads told a House Committee that
Panama Canal tolls were much too low.
Canal users should pay at least 50 per-
cent more than they were, he said.
Informal discussions were going on ten
years ago this month between the United
States and Panama concerning the con-
struction of a concrete highway from Rio
Hato to the Costa Rican border.
Frank H. Wang, Acting Engineer of
Maintenance and former Executive Seo-
retary, retired from the Panaama Canal
after more than 38 years of service.
One Year A gO
Fior the first time in the almost 44
years of Panama Canal operations, major
trouble developed, a year ago, in one of
the Canal's look chambers. The thin
concrete floor of the Pedro Miguel Locks
buckled under hydrostatic pressure; ap-
proximately 8,000 square feet of fl~oor-
slab had to be replaced.
She once made history but the end o etm a a u
comes ini a shipyard at Baltimore for
A sturdy old tug which made maritime history as the first
sea-going craft to transit Gatun Locks, has come to the end
~: of her days. At the left, the former Panama Canal tug ~aiun
,is shown as she was being dismantled at Baltimore recently.
.; The historic lockage took place September 26, 1913. Among
the passengers aboard the Gaiun were Col. H. F. Hodges, Lt.
Col. William L. Sibert and his family, and Lt. George R.
Goethals and his wife.
~ The tug bore four names during he~r half-century-long career.
She was built as the H. B. Ch~amberlain in Philadelphia in 1902.
Purchased by the Isthmian Canal Commission, and renamed
Gatus, she arrived here June 25, 1906, and served the Canal
throughout the construction period and for years afterward.
She resumed her original name when she returned to the States
but was later rechristened the Point Breeze and under that name
ran for towing companies in Baltimore and Philadelphia. In Au-
gust 1933, she went down in Chesapeake Bay during a hurricane.
After she was raised and returned to service she was renamed
June 5, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 the Chester, a name she retained until she was dismantled.
April 15 through May 75
The latest thing in radio-supervised time control
bune 5, :1959
Employees who a~rc pronallrl: l ..r rranls-
ferred between Apirll 15 andr ~11.sy 15 are
listed below. Wailhnl~..grad prnmtlions(II are
John B. Coffey, from Group Chief. to
Foreman, Prinintm Plant.
James N. H~owell, from Clerk to Mail
Clerk, Records Section.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Alfred E. Osborne, from Departmenlt
Head to Director, Division of Schools.
Mrs. Aldona V. Skeitstitis, from Clerk-
Typist to Clerk (Typing), Police Division.
Ruth E. McAlman, Gladys D. Urena,
Sarah I. Dolphy, Hilma D. Watson, Mnavis
McNichols, from Substitute Teacher to
Elementary Teacher, Latin American
Mrs. Patricia S. Bailey, from Recreation
Leader to Swimmning Pool Manager, Divi-
sion of Schools.
Mrs. Hilda W. Butcher, Library Assist-
ant, from Division of Schools to Canal Zole
Mrs. Maria C. K~idd, from Clerk to Li-
brary Assistant, Division of Schools.
Raul A. Swalm, from Substitute Distri-
bution Clerk, to Distribution Clerk, Postal
Burton F. ]Mead, from Student Aid, Di-
vision of Schools to Substitute Distribution
Clerk, Postal Division.
Charles G. Dahlstrom, from Doorman
Supervisor, Sales and Service Branch, to
roies.Pr vte, Police Div sion.Susite
Teacher to Junior High Teacher, Latin
1Mrs. Ruth D. Batcheldor, from Substi-
tute Teacher to Elementary and Seconldary
School Teacher, Division of Schools.
Earl L. Janssen, from Guard, Locks Di-
visionl, to Police Private, Police Division.
Marcy H. Carpenter, from Signalman,
Navigation Division, to Police Private,
Edward J. Husum, Jr. from Police Pri-
vate to Police Sergeant, P~olice Division,
Charles E. Phelan, from Substitute Win-
dow Clerk, Postal Division, to Police Pri-
vate, Police Division.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
H-arry D. Raymond, from Supervisory
General Claims Examiner to Chief, Claims
Branch, General Audit Division.
James L. Fulton, from Chief, Claims
Branch, to Chief, Rates and Analysis
Russel J. ~nJones, from Chief, Rates and
Analysis Brnhto Assistant Chief Ac-
John E. Fisher, from Assistant Chief Ac-
countant to Chief, Accounting Policies and
Thomas H. Scott, from Chief, Accountinlg
Policies and Procedures Staff to Assistant
Arthur J. O'Leary, from Assistant Comp-
troller to Deputy Comptroller.
Alvin B. Goode, Andre J. Louis, from
Addressing Machmne and Graphotype Op-
erative to Bookkeeping Machine Operator,
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Robert C. Herrington, from Engineman
to Lead Foremnan Public W~orks Road Pay-
ing, Maintenance Division.
Elmer B. Stevens, from Structulral En-
gineer, Engineering Division, to Supervis-
ory Bridge Engineer, Barlboa Bridge Project.
Mrs. Tommie L. Horter, from Clerk-
Typist to Accounts Maintenance Clerk,
Mrs. Ethel W. Brown, from Clerk, Elec-
trical Division, to Clerk-Stenographer,
Contract and Inspection Division.
Millard M. Coleman, from Dipper Dredge
Engineer to Chief Towboat or Ft~erry Engi-
neer, Dredging Division.
Peter S. Legge, from Chief Towboat or
Ferry Engineer to Salvage Towboat En-
ginleer, Dredging Division.
Thomas J. Pimento, Marine Machinist,
from Industrial Division to Dredging Di-
Robert M. Blakely, Jr., Graduate Intern,
from Motor Transportation Division to
Office of Health Director.
Samuel G. W~arner, from Laborer (Pest
Controll, to Exter~minator, Sanitation Di-
Mrs. Armonia Y. de Ucros, from Clerk
to Clerk-Dictating Machine Transcriber.
Edwin W. Belgrave, from Hospital At-
tendant to Messe gr.
Arthur Willi ge .fron Medical Aid to
Urnston O. Lewis, from Medical Tech-
nician to Morgue Attendant.
Albin E. Coke, from Firefighter, -Fire Di-
vision, to Guard, Industrial Division.
Hickory dickory dock--the mouse ran
up the clock, so says Mother Goose.
But no sensible rat would ru up the
Panama Canal Companry's new IBM
master time control clock. If he did, he
would more than likely find himself all
tangled up with such things as superhet-
rodyne and dead beat escapement.
The new master clook, recently in-
stalled in the Balboa Substation, is to
replace two older-type master clocks at
Madden Dam which became victims of
60)-cyvclee conversion. They were installed
at Madden Dam when the hydroelectric
plant there began operations in 1935 and
were in continuous use until last Decem-
ber when the 60-cycle conversion made
it necessary to eliminate them.
While the Canal's master clock keeps
time, its primary function is to regu-
late the electric current frequency at
exactly 60 cycles per second. In doing
this, it provides that all electric clocks
connected to the power system will
keep correct time and all other fre-
quency-sensitive equipment will move
at the proper speed.
The .new master clock is running but
it is not giving synchronized time yet.
Only one of the two antennas required
stalled. When the other is put up in the
next few weeks, the master clock will be
synchronized both day and night but it
will not begin its regular duty of con-
trolling the cycle frequency until the
installation of control panels in substa-
tions on both sides of the Isthmus.
Meanwhile, the Electrical Division is
using a 12-inch telechron clock which is
checked by radio and which is adequate
for a temporary period.
The latest thing in radio supervised
time control, the new master clock
will automatically synchronize its time
with the National Bureau of Standards
signals. Two radio receivers in the
master time control will be connected
to the two externally mounted radio
antennas to receive the time signals
broadcast from Station WW~iV.
T'he radio supervised master control
has a mind of its own. It will automat-
ically seek this time signal each hour.
If the signal is not available b-ecause of
atmospheric conditions, e~lect~r~il radlia-
tion, or other disturbances, the clock will
continue to seek the signal every ten
minutes until comparison .time, is ob-
tained and a correction is made locally,
The master clock above is checked
by J. E. McI~inney, who installed it,
.to pick up the. time signal broadcast by
radio by the National Bureau of Stand-
ards in Wiashington, D. C. has been in-
12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
is the Canal's -new
Pablo E. Salas, from Launch Seaman to
Clerk, Navigation Division.
Ricardo R. Lasso V., from Deckhand to
Launch Seaman, Navigation Division.
Edwrard Stanley, from Heavy Laborer to
Deckhand, Navigation Division.
Edward L. Brady, from Substitute Win-
dow Clerk, Postal Division, to Towing Lo-
comotive Operator, Locks Division.
Gordon C. Reif, from Marine Machinist
so LD it eman Marine Machinist, In-
Mrs. Clara L. De Striem, from Clerk to
Card Punch Operator, Employment and
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
Elisa Y. Ah K~ai, from Clerk to Clerk-
Typist, Housing Branch.
Mlrs. Augustina Bayard, from Car Hop
to Pantryman, Sales and Service Branch.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Joseph E. Famsay, from Clerk to Cargo
Clerk, Termuxals Division*
Francisco Gumbs, Clerk, from Employ-
ment and Utilization Division to Motor
Promotions which did not involve change
of title follow:
Dr. Erik W. Michelsen, Chief, Clinical
Pathology Section, Gorgas Hospital*
Lloyd P. Joseph, Clerk, Motor Trans-
Wentworth E. Ennis, Bookkeeping Ma.
chine Operator, Payroll Branch.
Riobert L. Fankin, Marine Traffic Con-
troller, Navigation Division.
James Webster, Medical Aid (Under-
taking), Gorgas Hospital*
W~inston S. Johnson, Warehouseman,
Housing Branch, Community Services Di-
Kenneth A. Brown, Glazier, Mainte.
frEdgar Je Moodie, Fan cE. Lyh A-
ical Technician, Coco Solo Hospital.
Retirement certificates were presented
h rnde ofstMdI aotbh fclo wmng etnplo ee
their birthplaces, titles, years of Canal
service, and their future homes.
Annie L. Allnut, Maryland; Dental Hy-
gienist, Health Bureau; 22 years, 11 months,
29 days; Chevy Chase, Md.
1Merwin A. French, Ohio; Supervisory
Marine Traffic Controller,- Navigation Di-
vision; 27 years, 7 months; California.
Winchell T. Pennock, Texas; Lead Fore-
man Transportation Equipment Operations
Motor Tra isportation Divisio:1; 40 years'
9) months, 2 days; St. Petersburg, Fla.
George F. Welsh, Ohio; Chief, Employ-
ment- and Utilization Division; 16 years,
6i months, 23 days; Texas.
Thirty years continuous service have
been chalked up by William E. Lundy
and Paul A. Bistritz, who occupy sec-
ond place in this month's anniversaries.
Mr. Lundy, a native of Star City'
Ind., began his Canal service as a clerk
in the Commissary Division. He is
nowBAssisthant Treasulrer in the Treas-
His hobby is natural history and he
has written numerous articles for nat-
ural history publications. Two of his
articles were included in a recent an
thology, "Strangest Creatures On
Earth," two appeared in the Ency-
clopedia of Natural History published
by the American Museum of Natural
History, and three are scheduled for
publication mna new cyclopedia com-
IngH is Ilso an cater u mber of the
Panama Canal Natural History So.
city and has been its treasurer for the
past 20 years.
Mr. Bistritz, Transportation Opera-
tions Officer in the Freight Depart-
me~nt of the New York Office, has been
a member of the Panama Canal organ-
uevcehs bee wait~h h Freih hD -
SHe is a native New Yorker but now
lives in Clifton1, N. J.
It was all men, no women, on the quarter-
century list last month, with the men rep-
resenting six different Canal divisions.
Four have continuous service-
Ernest E. Faris is a Cost Accounting
Clerk in the Electrical Division. His first
Canal job was as a junior clerk in the old
Building Division. H-is hometown is
Henry E. Lewis, Lead Foreman Painter
in the Inldustrial Division, has been a
painter for most of his workrilg years. He
was employed for a short while as a watch-
man in the old Mechanical Division but has
had continuous service as a printer since
October 15, 1941. He is a native of Hol-
William J. Ros;e is Lead Roundhouse
Foreman in the Railroad Division. He had
a short term of service as a machinist in the
Dredging Division but joined the Railroad
Division sevenl years ago and has been there
'Walter Underwood has held a number of
jobs including those of tunnel and towing
locomotive operator inl the Locks Division
where he has been working for almost 23
years. His present position is Lead Ma-
chinist. He is it native of Appalachia, N.C.
Other 25-year men are Kenneth M. Ed-
wards and David W. Ellis. Mr. Edwards
began his Canal service with the old Mu-
joined the Dredging Division as an
oiler aboard the dredge Las Cruces. His
service since then has been continuous
and he is now Chief Towboat or Ferry
Engineer in the Ferry Service.
Mr. Rose, who has had the nickname
of "Whitey" for years, is a native of
Brooklyn, N. Y. He has few hobbies,
according to his friends, but is an avid
horse racing fan.
nicipal Engineering Division as a messenger.
Except for the few months he spent there
and with the Electrical Division all his
service has been in the Locks Division. He is
presently employed as Lead Foreman Lock
Operator. His hometown is Landrus, Pa.
Mr. Ellis was born in Savannah, Ga.
His present job is Craneboat Operator in
the Dredging Division. Het held his first
job as a "boy" in the Mechanical Division
and is one of two Americans still in service
who worked here in the construction period.
A native Zonian is among the six men
lhoejoindd tnhe rapnk OO the 20-yea em-
Randolph M. Wikingstad was born in
Paraiso. He has spent all but three months
of his service in the Transportation and
Terminals Division. He is presently Super-
visory Transportation Operations Officer
(Water) in the Terminals Division.
Harry J. Quinlan has continuous service
as a Boilermaker. He is now Supervisory
ins eic or (Bil Tmaier en tet andsd
as the Mechanical Division. He is a native
of Muskegon, Mich.
Winfield S. Ireland has service broken only
by a tour of nulitary duty. He is now Dis-
tribution and Office Clerk in the Postal Di-
vision. His hometown is Owensboro, Ky.
John E. Jennison is a native of Los An-
geles, Calif. Much of his service has been
reth th later and Lborateorties Banch
Water Supply System.
D~onald E. Judson is Powerhouse Opera-
tor-Dispatcher in the Power Branch. He
began his Canal service as a "boy" in the
Dredging Division but most of his service
has been with the Electrical Division. His
place of birth is Roxbury, Mass.
Chester W. Pearson, a native of Ramey,
Pa., has service broken by just slightly more
than three years. He has s-rved as a watch-
man in the Locks Division and also as a
fireman. He is presently a Policeman with
the rank of Private.
Four women are among the 11 employees
who reached the 15-year mark inl service
during May. They are listed below, to-
gether with their places of birth and present
Mrs. Lelia I. Gibbs, Indianapolis, Ind.,
Clerk, Personnel Bureau, Records Section;
Mrs. Perne E. LeVee, Ancon, Clerk Stenl-
ographer, Claims Branch; Mrs. Marguerite
M. Orr, Ottawa, Canada, Head Nurse
(Psychiatry), Coco Solo Hospital; and Mrs.
Frances P. Walker, Edgewood, Ill., Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch.
The fifteen-year men are Robert Kt.
Adams, Ancon, General Docking and Un1-
docking Foreman, Navigatiol Divisionl;
Azael J. Benavides, Sona, R. P., Engi!eer-
ing Draftsman, Engineering Divisi31n; Dixie
P. Bender, Huttouville, West Va., Towing
Locomotive Operator, Locks Division;
Enoch L. Hooper, Cristabal, Fire Lieuten-
ant, Fire Division1; Herman Pan'zer, Brook-
lyn, N. Y., Machinist, Locks Division;
Ernest C. Stiebritz, Columzbus, Ohio, Ma-
chinist, Locks Division; and M~arion E.
Taake, Centralia, Ill., Liquid Fuels Leader
Whartman, Terminals Division.
Ancon____~__~___,_ June 3
Cristobal ... ....... -_____ June 13
Ancon_____________ June 20
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal ___________ June 5
Ancon ... ... .____~__ June 12
Crissobal .________ June 23
Ancon~. ....._______~ June 30
June 5, 1959
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
MAN OF T'HE MONT
Frederick C. Rose, this month's
Man-of-the-Month, has spent most of
his life on the water. He came to work
for the Canal after six years in the
United States Navy. Four of these
were spent aboard submarines.
In 1929, he was discharged from the
Navy at the United States Submarine
Base which was in operation at Coco
Solo at that time. The next year he
For Your Interest And Guidance In Accident Prevention
Texas will be the future home of George F.
WKelsh, Chief of the Employment and Utili-
zation Division, wRho retired in 1May. The
'Welshes wiill be leaving some time in July.
COmleS Of ag e
Coco Solo joined the handful of Canal
Zone civilian towns little more than a
year ago, but today it ranks with any
of them in such matters as housing, pub-
lic and community facilities, and in ree-
crea final no ort nities.nerftrte
Supply Division's retail store will be
completed, the theater will be air con-
d tioned,randethe new post office will be
The extensive housing improvement
program undertaken at Coco Solo soon
after- the buildings were transferred to
the Canal is nearing completion,
The Maintenance Division has begun
the last main item in the program, the
inst nation Il mldr Id8sink so the
to be replaced, 28 replacements having
been made soon after the transfer of
the quarters. In connection with this
job, the kitchens are to be further
modernized by the replacement or ren-
ovation of cabinets and counter tops.
The laundry facilities also have been
improved at all of the four-family quar-
ters. With the replacement program and
rearrangement of the laundry facilities
in these houses, each apartment has its
individual laundry trays.
The Maintenance Division forces also
are completing the job of widening and
straightening the driveways under the
38 four-family apartment buildings. By
realignment and widening the driveways,
under-the-house space is provided for cars
for each occupant.
Other work accomplished at Coco Solo
on a commumity-wide basis has mecluded
the tiling of kitchens, replacement of
gas water heaters with electric heaters,
and installation of electrical panels and
The improvement and refurbishing
program in the newest Canal Zone civ-
ilian community cost upwards of
$300,000, exclusive of exterior and in-
Silly question! We work because we have to in order to keep body and
soul together. But just a minute. Why is it then, that so many people with
money still work at some kind of job? And how about all those retirees who
are now working, at least part time?
Psychologists tell us that there s much more to it than just makingg a
living." One of the greatest satisfactions a man can experience is the~ sat-
isfaction of a job well done. Inactivity can actually lead to mental illness,
and ini some cases to premature death. The best cure for the doldrums is to
get busy doing something.
To get that sought-after feeling of job satisfaction, we not only have
to get to work, but we have to turn out a first-class job. We want to be
known as an effcient employee. Efficiency gives us that self-respect so vital
to emotional equilibrium, and it earns the respect of others, also vital.
Inefficiency, on the other hand, not only leaves a lot to be desired in
our own lives, but casts an unfair reflection on the people for whom we
For example, take the hypothetical case of an inefficient nurse. Suppose,
when you visited your doctor's office, the nure who was preparing to ad-
minister some medicine to you tripped over the wastebasket and broke the
precious vial. (Naturally you'd begin to have doubts about her ability, no
matter how well she knows her viruses.) Or suppose, as she prepared to
give you a shot, she accidentally jabbed herself. At that point, you'd be
tempted to grab your hat and run. ]Fair or not, your confidence in your
doctor would be deeply shaken by his incompetent nurse.
So it ought to be plain to all that, for personal reasons if no other, we
can ill afford to be inefficient or even to be thought ineffcient.
Why devote all this space to a discussion of this kind?) Because the
prevention of accidents and fires is part of our job, no matter what our
office title is. If any act of ours-or any neglect to act--contributes to or
causes an accident or fire, then we're NOT 100 percent efficient, no matter
how industrious, clever, or accurate we are in our work. We're a liability,
not an asset. Think that one over!
() Locks Overhaul injuries included in total.
(6)283 (309) 495
6 (2) 12
Supply & Communily Sen~ice I'u..r..r Roll
New York operations .... t.j,n.ir Ri..u
Civil Affairs__.~_. ... (Honor Ron)
Transportation & Terminals ._.... ..
Health -------- ..... ... .... _~__
Marine___... ..___ ___~_~
Engineering & Construction__~_ __~
Accident Pool~------------------- ..
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company...
57 (6) 698
14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
June 5, 1959
I/(ts a Long Haul/
The cabin of the Trekka is just large enough for Sailor
Guzzwell, his typewriter, his teakettle, and his ukulele.
Around the world all alone in a 20-foot boat is not every-
one's cup of tea. But it suits John Guzzweill, 28-year-oldl
British amateur sailor.
Guzzwell, handsome and sunburned, arrived in Cristobal
early in May after making the comparatively short trip from
Barbados in his two and one-half ton homemade sailing yawl
Trekka. The journey he had completed, howeverr, was an
Starting from Victoria, British Columbia, approximately
three and one-half years ago, young Guzz~well sailed his tiny
craft across the Pacific to Hawaii and from there took a long
jump through the South Seas to New Zealand and Australia.
From "Down Under" he piloted the Trekka to Africa, went
around the Cape of G~ood Hope and across the South Atlantic
to Ascension Island. From there he made it easily to Barbados.
The daring young mariner, who travels alone with only
a small radio receiving set and a minimum supply of
canned goods, had little to say about his adventures except
that he had a rough time of it once when he ran into a
heavy storm off the coast of Australia.
~Although the young British adventurer has a gleaming new
typewriter and a small library of reference books, he denied
that he was about to write his memoirs. He was more inter-
ested in getting his small boat painted and made shipshape
June 5, 1989 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15
The trim Trekka is eased onto the marine railway at the Cris-
tobal Yacht Club where she was washed down and painted.
while he was in Cristobal last month in preparation for the
last lap of his journey home to Victoria.
The Trekka made the Canal transit southbound May 16,
and sailed for the Galapagos May 21. Before he returns to
Canada, Guzzwell hopes to drop anchor in Hawaii.
Pete Schill, who has been working on the Panama
Railroad for the past year, models one of the snappy new
railroad caps issued recently to Panama Railroad con-
ductors and trainmen. When this picture was taken,
Conductor Schill was checking passengers as they passed
through the gate in the Colon Railroad station. Like
other Panama Railroad men, Mr. Schill likes his new ven-
tilated cap just fine.
The caps were the first change made in Panama Rail-
road working clothes in a number of years. The new
caps are black and, in keeping with the usual railroad
practice, have a gold band and lettering for conductors
and a silver band and lettering for trainmen. Those
being used here have special ventilation of a type which
is standard in the United States for use in warm weather.
Mr. Schill is a native of Ohio. Before he came to the
Isthmus last year he worked nearly 15 years with the
Pennsylvania Railroad. During World War II he sered
with the U. S. Army in the Philippines. H-e came to the
Isthmus from Kalamazoo, Mich., and was assigned to
the Atlantic Area as a Road and Yard Conductor. He
lives in Coco Solo with his wife and two daughters.
On A4 Smzall Tawl
transitedl the Canal the-'prev\ious month
w~ith d,000! tons of sulphur. The Fblornc~e
was towed by the tug Thomas Cornell.
Both barges left Balb~o. inth the assist-
ance of secondl tugs for the trip to the
United States West Coast where they
w~ill bie used in inter-port commerce.
Panama Agencies handled the craft here.
-New Barber Liner
The new motorship Tai Ping, a 10,854
deadweight-ton cargo carrier, arrived at
the Canal May 19 on her maiden voyage
in the? Far East service of the Barber
Steamship Line. The new ship takes her
name from the .old T~ai Ping that was
famous in the Barber Line service for
many years. She is the second in a series
of four vessels to be delivered this year
and in 1960 for this service. This class
of vessel has a capacity ~of 620,155 cubic
feet including 30,000 feet of refrigerated
cargo space and deep tanks for edible
oils. Barber Line ships are represented
by Fenton & Co.
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN APRIL
MORE CANAL RECORDS!
Canal statisticians for ship traffic are
keeping their record books handy. The
records have been subject to change on
a month's notice in the past two or three
M/ay was no exception, the month pro-
ducing an all-time high monthly total of
897 transits by ocean-going commercial
ships. The old monthly record, of only
two months standing, was 882 transits,
set in March. The daily average transit
recordof 28.54 established last February
also was exceeded last month with a
daily average of 29.45 for May, for tolls-
paying ocean-going ships.
Around -t e- orl Service
Another around-the-world-se!rvice liner
scheduled to pass through the Panama
Canal five times each year arrived in
Balboa on her maiden voyage in her new
service this week. The vessel is the MS
Johan Van Oldenbarnevelt, a 19,878-ton
liner with 970 passengers aboard.
The ship arrived here June 1 and
docked mn Cristobal on the last lap of her
first globe-girdling trip which included
calls at Port Said, Aden, New Zealand,
A5ustralian ports, and Tahiti. On her
way to Southampton, the liner will call
at Port Everglades, Fla. and Be~rmuda,
according to a schedule issued by Fenton
& Co., agents for the ship here.
Luxury Yacht Transits
One of the largest private yachts now
in commission paid a visit to the Canal
Zone during May. She was the Shemara,
owned by the well-known Sir Bernard
and Lady Docker, of England. She ar-
rived here May~ 1 from. the South Sea
Islands and made her first Canal transit
May 5 en route to Trinidad. The She-
mara was under charter fo M~auric~e Alex-
ander Solvay, of Belgium, who was ac-
compamied on the cruise by six guests.
The 212-foot yacht has a gross tonnage
of 787 tons, was built mn 1938 mn South-
hampton, England, by Thornycroft, and
has accommodations for 12 guests to live
in luxurious ocean-going comfort.
Overhaul work was completed by t~he
Industrial Division at the end of May
on the whaling ship Olmeda owned by
Cia. Ballenera del Norte of Peru. Re-
pairs were made on the propeller shaft
as well as a general overhaul. The 01-
meda, one of seven catcher/killer-type
whaling ships used off the Peruvian coast
to catch sper whales, is the second of
the fleet to be brought to Cristobal for
repairs. The first was the Don Cristobal
which came here in March.
The Olmeda was formerly a, U. S.
minesweeper and is built with a wooden
hull with copper sheathing. The Don
Cristobal was built during the last war in
Norway and was used in the North Sea
for several years before she was sold to
the Ballejners del Norte. Both ships were
represented here by Panama Agencies.
The Oliver J. Olsen Co. barge Forrest,
a self-loading and unloading barge of the
latest design, was towed through the
Canal last month en route from Galves-
ton, Tex. to Port Angeles, Calif.
The second of her type to transit the
Canal, the Forrest came here under tow
by the tug Mary Cornell which is owned
by the same company. The barge, 272
feet long, is equipped with two 30-ton
cranes and is capable of carrying 250,000
cubic feet of cargo under her decks.
She is similar to the Floraene which
Commercial:_ _. ___
U. S. Goverment ___
Total __, _
Commercial ___$3,367,300 $3,910,102
U. S. Government 83,359 90,053
STotaL _$3,450,659 $4,000,155
*Includes tolls on Gl neses oean-going and small.
Commercial___ 3,863,386 4,264,059
U. S. Government 81,779 100,086
Total__ 3,945,165 4,364,145
Last month the largest shipment of frozen tuna ever to be
loaded at a Canal port was placed on board the Lloyd Bakke,
newest addition to the Knutsen Line which runs ships between
New York and the Far East. The tuna--1,155 tons of it-
Swas brought to Cristobal aboard the two Japanese fishing
boats K-urdshis Mars and Kotoshiro Maru from the South
Atlantic and is en route to canneries in the Los Angeles area.
The Lloyd Bakke arrived in Cristobal May 14. Loading
operations, which began shortly afterwards, took approxi-
mately five days. The Lloyd Bakke was making its maiden
voyage to the Wiest Coast and the Far East. Fenton & Co.
act as agents here for the Knutsen Line.
The transshipment of frozen tuna at Oristobal started dur-
ing September of last year when the first shipment of tuna
caught off the Brazil coast was loaded on a ship bound for
California. Shipments now arrive in Cristobal approximately
every two months and. the frozen tuna is loaded on the first
ship which has space for the U. S. West Coast. The tuna fleet
now operating in the South Atlantic is represented here by
Norton, ]Lilly & Co., Fernie & Co., and Panama Agencies.
Frozen stiff, the tuna are hauled up by bunches,
looking for all the world like over-size bananas.
Japanese fishing boats bring the South Atlantic tuna to Cristobal to
be transferred to California-bound ships like the Lloyd Bakke, below.