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Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00196
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1959
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00196
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

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VJol. 9,No. 9


first aid instruction at Santa Cruz;
and Tuesday and Thursday night, first
aid instruction at Paraiso.
There is little wonder that to many
of the residents of the Latin American
towns the name of Gordon is practically
synonomous with "first aid."
On March 11, 1957, Governor Potter
presented William Gordon with the
Canal's Distinguished Service Award' for
organizing first aid classes in the Latin
American towns. At the time, he was
the fifth Canal employee to receive the
Canal organization's highest award.
In the citation which accompanied the
certificate, Governor Potter pointed out
that "Mr. Gordon's outstanding promo-
tion of first aid was, in part, responsible
for the proficiency exhibited at the 1955
and 1956 Paraiso Safety Field Day and
in the recent Jackpot V exercises."
Mr. Gordon's enthusiasm for first aid
has not slackened since he won the
Distinguished Service Award. Since
that time he has trained 187 residents
of Santa Cruz, Paraiso, Pedro Miguel,
and La Boca enabling them to qualify
for Civil Defense first aid certificates.
Mr. Gordon was born in Culebra and
has been employed by the Marine Bu-
reau since 1929.

P April 3, 1959

Isthmus plans welcome for

. .

The first Royal visitor to the Canal Zone in five years
will set foot on the Isthmus late this month when Prince
Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, arrives in Balboa. He will be
on his return trip to England from the globe-girdling tour
on which he embarked in January.
His April visit will be the second for the husband of
England's Queen. He was last here in November 1953,
when the Royal couple was on an around-the-world trip.
Isthmians who saw him on the balcony of the Miraflores
control tower, on the deck of the ship which brought
the Royal party through the Canal, or driving through
the Canal Zone, remember him as a tall, slender young
man, with light brown hair and an evident interest in
everything he saw.
On this lap of his long trip, the Duke of Edinburgh will
be traveling aboard the Royal Yacht Britannia. This will
be the yacht's first call in Isthmian waters and her first
transit of the Panama: Canal.
On the previous visit, the Royal party was aboard the
Shaw, Savill dyAlbion Line's 561-foot liner Gothic, which
became the Royanl Yacht for that single voyage. Today,
the Gothir i; back on her regular run through the Canal
betweed England and Down Under. Her hull, a gleaming
wrhitd for the 1953 voyage, is once again a trim, black.
'The Britannia is scheduled to berth in Balboa on Sunday
April 19. Governor Potter will pay an official visit aboard
the Britannia soon after she ties up in the Canal Zone.
The following day the Britannia, with the Duke aboard,

will transit the Canal and berth in Cristobal. That afternoon,
Governor and Mrs. Potter will give a reception at the
Breakers Club at Coco Solo for the Duke and his party.
The Britannia will sail during the evening for the Bahamas.
Several members of the British. Royal Family have
visited the Isthmus during the past 30 years. The present
Duke of Windsor, then Prince of Wales, was here twice.
His first visit was in 1920 and his second in 1931. Because
of a death in the Royal family, the second visit was un-
official; the Prince traveled as the Earl of Chester, one
of his lesser titles.
On his first trip through the Canal, he was aboard the
cruiser Renown; the second voyage was aboard the SS
The Renown also served as a Royal Yacht for the Duke
of York, later King George VI, and his Duchess, now the
Queen Mother Elizabeth. They visited the Isthmus Jan-
uary 25 and 26, 1927, and included a trip into the Gatun
Locks control tower on their itinerary.
Another member of the British Royal family who has vis-
ited the Canal Zone is the Duchess of Gloucester, an aunt
of Queen Elizabeth II. She was here in 1947 en route from
Australia to England aboard the SS Rangitiki. With her
were her two young sons, then two and five years old.
Although the Royal Yacht Britannia on which the Duke
of Edinburgh will arrive in Balboa is only five years old,
she has seen much and various service all over the world.
Commissioned early in 1954, she made her first trip that

M~r. First Aid takes a vacation

William Gordon, of Paraiso, is a man
who believes in taking a busman's holi-
day. For several years no~w, he has been
devoting practically all of his time-
when he is not operating the launch
Runner for the Marine Bureauto
classes in first aid.

Last month, he took a vacation. What
did he do? Taught first aid, of course.
This is a sample of the month he
spent: Daytimes, instructing Boy and
Girl Scouts in the Canal Zone's Latin
American communities in Morse Code;
Monday,W~ednesday, and Friday nights,

William Gordon "Mr. First Aid," Frequently uses his young son, Arquimenes,
to demonstrate tle technique he teaches in classes in Latin American towns.


April 3, 1959

Flag-decked from stem to stern, the
Britannia makes a handsome picture.

412-foot Royal Yacht
She is due April 19.

Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh
visited the Panama Canal in November 1953.

Young scientists showv their wYares

Scientific experiments, complicated
enough to baffle many an adult, were on
display last month at the Science Fair
held in the Balboa High School Library.
Students, from first grade to Junior Col-
lege, worked during and after class hours

to~ prepare their exhibits and the results
brought gasps of admiration from visitors.
The space age was illustrated by a
scale model of the Jupiter C rocket
constructed by a pair of junior high
school students under the direction of

Miss Sadie Haigh, Balboa Junior High
School science teacher. Elementary
school children exhibited the results of
various experiments, toys that work,
stages of animnaldevelopment, hatching
of chicks, and elementary astronomy.

Budding Balboa High School scientists give
Jupiter C rocket model a thorough once-over.

A bevy of junior misses looks admiringly at a collection of
seashells and rock specimens on display at the Science Fair.


spring when she met Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of
Edinburgh in Tobruk and carried them to England on their
return from their Commonwealth tour. Later that year
Prince Philip traveled home to England aboard the Bri-
tannia after a visit in Canada.
Other long tours by the Royal Yacht include a tour of
the West Indies with Princess Margaret aboard and a voy-
age from Australia to England, via Cape Horn, with the
Duke of Edinburgh in 1956.

Thomas D. Bowes, famed naval architect, discusses plans for a new Canal tug
with Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., and Capt. W. S. Rodimon, during a Zone visit.

A powerful new tug equipped with a
variable-pitch propeller new to tugs in
Canal waters, will join the Navigation
Division's fleet used to handle shipping
in the Panama Canal in a. little more
than a year. .
The tug is to be designed for special
use: in Gaillard Cut and other narrow
reachesof the Canal where super tankers,
ore ships, and other large vessels need
tug assistance.' While it will be powered

by a 2,400-horsepower diesel motor,
maneuverability will be of prime con-
sideration, in design and construction.
The craft is to be built as a replace-
ment for the tug Trinidad which was
built in the Mechanical Division shops
31 years ago. The Trinidad, a 750-
horsepower craft, is now assigned for
duty with the Cristobal Port Captain's
Office. It is to be placed in ready-
reserve status for occasional use while

plans, specifications checked by consultants

During their visit here last month, consultants and engi--
neers went over the Canal bridge route ifrom end to end.

Governor Potter joined the consultants and engineers
on a hiilitop, overlooking the location of the new bridge.

Plans and specifications are expected
to be ready for distribution to prospective
bidders on the substructure of the Canal
bridge by the end of the coming week.
]Bids ate to be opened June 22.
This will be next-to-the-last of the
major contracts to be awarded for the
bridge 'construction. The schedule calls
fordeltsigns and speciifications of the bridge
supserstruc~ture to be completed by
S\1erdrup g Par~cel, Inc., design engineers,
by July I w~ith his~L to be advertised later
that month and opened next September.
Memliers of the Board of Consultants
approved, in the main, the final draft of
specifications and designs at its meeting

here last, month. Three representatives
of S\ erdrup & Parcel were here for the
Board sessions which were attended by
enlgineers of the Canal organization di-
recitly concerned with the project.
Much discussion of Board members
was concerned with methods of con-
struction of the maassive piers and the
erection of steel for the bridge super-
structure. The main substructure will
consist of 13 piers and two abutments.
All piers will be of the double-shaft
type on a common base. The highest
of the piers will be 196 feet from base
to top, and the most massive pier

bases will be 30 x 88 feet and will sup-
port the principal weight of the arch
truss span and two connecting spans.
It is expected that the familiar canti-
le~ver method will be used in erecting the
-Rteel for thle central span which will have
ij 1,000k-foot clearance for the Canal
While the contractor will not be re-
qlllturd to~ use the~ cantileverr method,
specifications areibeing wrlitten to pro-
vide an extra 250 tons of steel for its use
and. added costs~forom the employment
of any other method wouldL be carried
by the contractor.

April 3, 1959


Canal officials contracts for design of N\E W


the work of widening of the Cut is in
progress. It will be replaced in Cristobal
by a more powerful tug fr~om Balboa.
Other tugs now operated by the Ma-
rine Bureau and dates of construction
include the Alajuela and Arraijan, 1936;
Gorgone and Cardenas, 1943; and Gaiun,
1937. All except the Gorgone and CarT-
denas were built by the MVechanical (In-
dustrial) Division.
The new tug is to be designed by the
Philadelphia firm headed by Thomas
D. Bowes, a leading naval architect,
who was here last month to conclude
and sign a design contract.
The need for a highly maneuverable
tug with plenty of power has increased
during recent years because of the con-
stantly increasing number of large ships
in transit which need tug assistance in
the narrow confines of Gaillard Cut.
The new tug will have a "hard-over
to hard-over" maximum rudder of 80 de-
grees permitting its operation from 35
degrees on one side to 35 degrees on the
other side within 18 seconds and this
capability, together writh the variable
pitch propeller, will permit it to be turned
in the 300-foot wide sections of the Cut
without backing.


NVew School Dedicated

~f"~-"" ..
II ...

Remember this number-
Canal Zone 2-2600
Out it our, paste it on the front of
your telephone book, and outline it in
red. It might save your life or the life
of your children.
The number is assigned to the ne~wly-
established Poison Information Center
at Gorgas Hospital. The telephone will
be answered day or night. If a small boy
or girl swallows ammonia or furniture
polish, if a housewife splashes cleaning
fluid mnto her face, all that anyone need

doe eembeee o~f hospital staff who
answers the telephone will have at his
finger-tips reference books which list the
ingredients of such common household

Gymnasium Planned

For Coco Solo
An up-to-date gymnasium which can
be used for dances and school parties as
well as basketball games and school gym-
nasium classes will be built this year as
part of the athletic facilities at the new
Cristobal High School at Coco Solo.
Plans are now being completed by the
Engineering Division for the gymnasium
and the athletic field with bids to be
opened at the end of April. The project
should be completed by the time the
school term begins next September,
The new gymnasium is to be located
adjacent to the new high school at the
corner of Conley and Maple Streets in
Coco Solo. The building's masonry is
being specially designed to give the
maximum natural lighting and venti-
lation. Two gymnasium areas, one for
boys and another for girls, will be sep-
arated by a folding partition, which
can be opened for dances and games.
Folding bleachers will be provided for
640 spectators. An exercise area will be
located on the mezzanine.
The contract for the gymnasium will
also include the rehabilitation of the ten-
nis court and preparation of the athletic
area near the school. This area will have
provisions for a football field, a baseball
diamond and a quarter-mile track. There
will be outdoor lighting and bleachers for
1,500 persons.
April 3, 1959 5

articles as floor waxes and metal polishes.
If they contain any toxic materials, he
will tell the caller what emergency treat-
inent to give until he can get- profes-
stonal help.
Since the Poison Information Center
was inaugurated last month, it has re~-
ceived several calls. Typical of these was
one from a woman whose baby had con-
sumed part of a bottle of bubble unxture.

It, fortunately, was not poisonous.
In the two photographs above, Mrs.
Walter E. Trout, left, of Diablo H-eights,
shows what she would do if young Mike,
on the floor, had drunk some metal pol-
ish. Dr. Daniel Hirschl, Chief of Pedi-
atries, shows how he or some other mem-
ber of the Gorgas staff, would check the
ingredients mn the polish, then tell Mrs.
Trout what to do.

Parents and small fry both turned out for the formal dedication of: the new
Coco Solo Elementary School last month. Earlier in the afternoon, the school
held open house so that the parents could see some of the colorful classrooms
like that below. The new school, formerly a bachelor officers' quarters when
Coco Solo was a Naval Base, is one of the most attractive in the Canal Zone.


National Coin Week

National Library Week


Once each year the various Civic Councils of our Latin American
communities have spnoeaFelDafoSaeyTodtheeav
been Four Safety ;doe Field Day srSft. The one latyerwa posred bthae
Santa Cruz Civic Council and held in Gamboa.
This e the new Pedro Mi uel Civic Council is sponsoring the- Fifth
Safety ield' Day. It will be he d Saturday, April 25.
As the name implies, it is a day in the Field where those interested in
promoting safety put on exhibits to teach the public about accident pre-
vention. In addition to the many educational and informational displays
arranged by the various Divisions within the Bureaus of our Company-
Government and units of the Air Force, Army, and Navy, which were
alo invited to participate, t ere have been competitions to test theskils
of our workers.
The most important of these have been a first aid demonstration, a
line-throwing contest, a fork-lift truck rodeo, a spike-driving competition,
and a machete-cutting race. In addition, ribbons and certificates were
awarded for the best essay, the best safety poster, the best safety exhibit,
and the healthiest baby.
All of these things made up a program for an interesting and enter-
taining day, usually starting off with a parade, a flag-raising and opening
ceremony around 9 a. m., with the lowering of the Safety Flag around 4 p. m.
C. P. Roberts, President of the Pedro Miguel Civic Council, says the
Council plans to make this day a grand outing For the Fun, safety educa-
tion, and entertainment of all the employees who work in the Canal Zone.

() Locks Overhaul injuries included in total.

April 3, 1959

fMembers of the Canal Zone Coin Club
wvill make an all-out effort this month to
capture first place in world-wide competi-
tion amog numismatics clubs in observ-
ance of National Coin Week, April 12--18.
]Last year thet club won second place.
According. to Capt. Frank V. Kerley,
Club President, several committees have
been appointed to make plans to bring
to the attention of the Canal Zone public
the fascinating hobby of coin collecting.
Although relatively new among the
hobby groups of the Canal Zone, the
local Coin Club has attracted many memb-
berss and much attention since it was
formed. The Coin Club and its activities
were described in a, REVIEWV article in the
January 1957 issue, not long after the
club was organized.
This year's observance of National
Coin Week coincides with the national
observance of Library Week. Special
plans are being made by the Canal
Zone Library and staff for National
Library Week.
These will include special displays at
th~e main library in the Civil Affairs
]Building as well as the three branch li-
braries and four circulating libraries op-
erated in Zone communities. TIhe Canal
Zone Library now has 108,000 volumes,
including over 7,000 items in the Panama
collection. It has a circulation of over
250,000 a year.
National Coin W~eek has as its theme
Toi yer,NuLTh mPt rayj09 950incoln
part of the 150th anniversary of the birth
of Abraham Lincoln. This is particularly
timely in numismatics as the recently-
minted Licoln pennies have the scene
of the Lincoln M~emnorial on the reverse
side, the first change in 50 years of mint.
ing the Lincoln pennies.

CanHl 080 Li085 Cill HOSI

F0[ Panama blons In April
From 2oo to 250 delegates from Lions
Clubs throughout the Republic of Pan-
ama are expected to attend the Re-
gional Convention for which the Balboa
Club this year is host.
The convention is scheduled for
April 17, 18, and 19, with sessions to
be held In the Tivoli Guest House.
This will be the second time the
Balboa Lions Club has been host to
the Regional Convention, the first time
being in 1952 soon after the club in
the Canal Zone was organized.
Delegates from, the following ten
clubs on the Isthmus are expected to
attend: Panama City, Chorrera, Colon,
Capira, Chitre, Boquete, David, Peno-
nome, Santiago, and Balboa.
Presiding officer at the formal ses-
sions will be Wesley KLennedy, Balboa
Lions Club, who this year is serving
as head of all the Lions Clubs in the
Republic of Panama.

'59 '58

8 10
O 5
21 18
52(370) 4

189 (370) 538


iupyd CommC s Srie2 (Hnor Rol
Civil Affairs__. ..... .(Honor Roll)
New York Operations-...............
Health ~____. _....._ _... .......
'"-rin.~~_ a _~__ T i Is .. .
Accident Pool__---_-_-------------
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company _

'59 '58 '59 '58

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1 0
2 (2) 6
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(23) 101


(3) 15


Sightseeing tourists visited many of the island's gracious hotels. Here they take a look-see at the Beau Rivage.

Just 46 hours from Cristobal, a restful two-night v. yoage
by the Panama Line's two comfortable ships, lies a Magic
Island .. or so writers have called it. lt is Haiti, the
western third of the island of Hispaniola, and the only
French-speaking republic in the Americas.
Since the Panama Line resumed its stops at Haiti's cap-
ital, Port-au-Prince, six years ago, more and more Zonians
have developed a nodding acquaintance with Haiti.
The Few hours of their stay in port, however, aetm
ltle d' rheathan a superficial knowledge of te "Mag
Now Haiti ~is becoming a vacation spot for Zonians,
the place For a between-ships stay of one to Four days.
The round-trip Fare for an employee and his family, From
Cristobal, is only $35 apiece, and through special arrange-
ments between the Panama Line and the Haiti Tourist
Bureau, package tours which include hotels, meals, and
sightseeing are available at reasonable rates.
A~ group of Zonians recently made one of these between-
ship visits to Haiti. This and the Following pages show
some of the things they saw and did.


Sarns Souci guests are welcomed with a cooling rum punch.

Riviera hospitality is extended to visitors at poolside.

April 3, 1959




1N e~C


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Zom an s

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"Genuine voodoo drums, mister,"'says the
vendor to a somewhat dubious customer.

From Le Perchoir, a visitor can
observe Port-au-Prince far below.
d/ 1 F A (1

Homeward bound,
by the Panama Line,
the Zonians enjoyed life
on shipboard.
They went to horse races
on the Veranda Cafe,
danced to Lucho's music,
swam in the pool,
and just plain sat.
It had been, they agreed,
a wonderful trip,

Haiti's Presidential Palace, gleaming whirele sun, is a scene a tourist long remembers.

Even before his ship docks, the visitor
knows he is in a Foreign land. The pin-
cushion hills which border the harbor,
the long green island of La Gonave, the
amphibious boys who dive For coins tossed
from the deck--shown on the cover--are
all different from anything he has ever seen.
Ashore, the signs are in French and
the soft French patois falls strangely on
ears accustomed to English and Spanisi.
But most of the Haitians with whom be
will deal have some knowledge of Eng-
lish and a visitor will encounter little ~r
nusom nugo ri r.l are courteous and
Friendly. In only a few minutes, the ba, -
gage of the visitors From the Cahal Zone
was checked and they were on their way
to their hotels.
Several good hotels are located in cr
near Port-ou-Prince. SPales range from
$10 a day per person in the summer at
a hotel in the city, to $37 a day during
the winter, or tourist season, For a super
de luxe hotel in Petionville, a 20-minute
drive out of town. Both rates cover room
with bath and three meals a day.
There is plenty to do. The group plc-
tured here hired a car and drove to the
world-famed mountain-top restaurant Le
The sprawling Iron Market, a lamed Port-au

P'erchlolr, more than 3,000 Feet above the
city. The view is quiteliterally breath-
laling They might haechosen instead
10j go to another mountain peak, Kenscof,
at 5,000 feet or to La Decourverte, which
is a thousand Feet higher.
Nightimes, they danced the meringue
at the Cabane Choucoune, and one night
they were in the crowd which watched
Voodoo rites at the old cockpit.
Sometimes they shopped, at the familiar
Iron Market or the city s stores.
The women Found perfumes and leather
<--:.ods: handmade bags, and carryalls of
Femp. A prize Find was the embroidered
dresses; the material was already em-
broidered and skilled seamstresses made
it up as the buyer wanted, in 24 hours.
The men found the disp ay of carved
mahogany Figures, trays, and other items
iust about as' attractive as the women did
ile dresses. And considerable time was
spent bargaining For native drums.
All members of the party were en-
chanted with the primitive art on disp ay
;1 the Art Center which was the subject
cla recent '"Readers' Digest" story. A
ji.w.* had time to visit, the world-famecl
murals in the Episcopal Cathedral.
:e landmark, is a real paradise For shoPpers.

Voodoo ceremonies are held three times
a week in a cockpit in Port-au-Prince.

-lsT -- i -4
The Olaffson is one of the most
photographed resort hotels in Haiti.

Reader's Digest recently described the
new Art Center in the Haitian capital,

Carved mahogany wares attract
tourists in many Haitian shops

One meay dance or watch native dancers at Haiti's Cabane Choucoune Nightclub.

And Thzen Rome

:... jl

From father to son -- a badge

Members of the Canal Zone's uniformed services always
have a special pride in their badges, but Lt. Edward E.
Albin, now in charge of the Pedro Miguel Fire Station,
is especia ly proud of his. It belonged to his father who
served with; the Canal Zone Firelighters from December
1905, until he retired in 1936.
Walter Albin's retirement did not break the Family con-
s~ nection with the Fire Division. His son Edward, who now
wears his father's badge, joined the force thle day his
father retired.
-; .iThe badge was given to the senior Albin by the later-
national Association of FireFighters Local No. 13, and is
''inscribed: To W. H. Albin, from FireFighters Local No. 13
:::pi~ : for 30 years service--December 23, 1905 to February 17,
:-1Although they were born in New York City, Lt. Albin
and his twin brother James, who recently retired From
the Navy and is now living in New Jersey, ~grew up in
the Canal Zone. They gained considerable faome locally
as star. performers in the Red, White, and Blue Swimming
I.r Troupe.
The lieutenant attained his present rank three years
ago--he had been a lieutenant temporary y duri~e ng the
war--and took over command of the Pedro MiguelFr
Station in March.

10 April 3, 1959

25 Years Ago
All commercial traffic through the Pan-
ama Canal was halted for almost two
days 25 years ago this month while 110
vessels of the United States Fleet moved
swiftly from Pacific to Atlantic. The
operation required 48 hours, with the
Canal operating around-the-clock. Th1efas-
test transit was that of the cruiser Omaha.
T~he spectacular performance waas fol-
lowoed by a statement from the Panama
Canal's 1Marine Superintendent that a
third set of Locks would almost halve
transit time for the Canal's customers.
The net tonnage--2,493,606 tons-- of
the April, 1934, traffic wvas the highest
for any April in the almost 20 years of
the Canal history.. Part of the tonnage
increase was due to the larger size of
tankers using the Canal.
After a thorough study of the Independ-
ent Offices Act of 19846, Canal ofliesals de-
cided that the section providing for a 40-
hour iacek for "some lclasses of government
employees" applied to the Canal organiza-
tion. Late in April, 1984, skilled eraftsmen
and tradesmen went on~the 40-hour schedule.
From Washington came word that the
United States Goverme~nt was consider-
ing the allocation of Public Works funds
to build a highway from the United States
to Panama.
Twoo bills of great importance to Canal
Zonians woere introduced into Congress 26
years ago this month by Senator Felixe H~er-
berti of Rhode Island. One would provide
pensions for the waidowos of retired employ-
ees; the other, designed to give Panama
Canal jobs almost exclusively to United
States citizens, woould replace non-citizens
at the rate of B0 percent a year over a fiee-
year period.

50 `Years Ago
On April 28, 1909, the Panama Canal
forces reached the highest peak--to that
date-of either the French or Amzerican
construction period. They were to go
still higher. Fifty years ago this month,
however, the total labor force was 33,699
of whom 26,835 were on the rolls of the
Isthia Canal Commission. The others
were Panamza Railroad employees.
Meanwhile "The Canal Record" reported
that the increased work on the railroad re-
location required the importation of addi-
tional laborers from the West lIndies. Some
of the workmen imported earlier had "taken
to the bush," the "Record" remarked, adding
that they "show an increasing disposition
not to work regularly."
Following the suggestion of the Peru-
vian Ministetr to Paniama, President Taft
ordered the Pacific terminal town of La
Boca rechristened Balboa, in honor of
the discoverer of the Pacific Ocean.
The ,99 qualified Canal workers who
were entitled to the Roosevelt Medal learned
in April 1909, that they wordd not have
long to wast for these souvenirs of their
Canal service. The first medals were be-
ginning to roll of the Philadelphia Mint.
Of the 4,98 employees, 145 would also get
bare showing two additional years service.
The Isthian Canal Commission was
going modern, 50 years ago this month;
it approved the plans for a "wireless
telegraph": station at Porto Bello. The
Commission would build the station, the
Navy furnish its equipment. A submar-
ine cable to Cristobal would have cost
$30,000, a telephone line $15,000, but
the radio station could be built for $7,000
and its maintenance cost would be low.

10 Years Ago
A decrease! of over 1,000 in the popu-
lation of the Canal Zone in a year's period
was disclosed by a Canal Zone Police
census 10 years ago this month. In April
1949, the total civilian population num-
hered 46,361, the police reported.
In a series of articles appearing in the
"Newa York Herald Tribune," staff writer
James M. Mini~fle said that the Panama
Canal was in urgent need of modernization,
urged that an immediate decision be made
on either a sea-level canal or a canal with
larger locks.
Dry vaccine for jungle yellow fever
was used for the first time in the western
hemisphere in April 1949, when vaccin-
sting units began a campaign in Darien
Province. The advantage of the dry vac-
cine was that it needed no refrigeration.
In the Republic of Panama, the Na-
tional Assembly suspended essel liberties
following disclosure of a revolutionary plot
agaissi President Domingo Deiaz.
Other news, 10 years ago this month:
the fist high-test gasoline arrived for pri-
vate automobiles; the Balboa ROTC
unit held its first annual Field Day; and
over 500 star-gazers visited the Canal
Zone observatory to see a total eclipse
of the moon.
One Year Ago
In their first meeting, consultants on
the new high-level bridge over the Canal
at Balboa gathered here to consider tech-
nicalities of the bridge construction.
Also, last April: A new high tempera-
ture record for the Canal Zone was set
April 16 when the thermometer reached
98.1 degrees; domestic conversion to 60-
cycle current began on the Pacific side.

Off,' DOnWing

Summit Gardens. While the new "ground rules" and regulations
for organizational picnics are now clearly understood-make ar-
rangements in advance---many Zonians do not know that many
new small picnic areas have been developed at the Gardens for
family use. These can handle groups of from 4 to 50 persons.
Some of the picnic spots have barbecue pits, and all have surround-
ing play areas. In addition, there is a covered picnic area, with
barbecue pit,. which may be reserved during the rainy season,
For reservations for the picnic areas, call 4-198, in the Summit
Gardens office.

Credit Unions. The general management level of the five Federal
Credit Unions in the Canal Zone's Latmn American communities
has improved each year, according to a report submitted by Harry
Bennett of the Bureau of Federal Credit Umions last month. The
credit unions which were organized in 1948, come under the juris-
diction of the Regional Office of the Bureau of Federal Credit
Unions in Atlanta, Ga., Mr. Bennett, an Examiner for the Bureau,
and his assistant, Benjamin H. Byrd, recently concluded several
weeks here on the annual audit of the five credit unions.

Stamp Booklet. A well-known former Zonian is back on the Isth-
mus, doing a job far different from that he performed for over 27
years. Former Cristobal Magistrate E. I. P. Tatelmnan, a recog-
nized expert on philatelic matters, is now at work in an office at
the Civil Affairs Building compiling an illustrated booklet on


Wallet-sized cards containing basic
Civil Defense information will be dis-
tributed this month to each employee
of the Company-Government organiza-
tion. The cards are designed so that
they can be carried in a purse or wallet
where they will be handy for reference.
The card describes the two siren sig-
nals, tells what to do mn case of an emer-
gency, and when to do it. It also sug-
gests the items which should be included
in each family's shelter and automobile
for emergency use. A minor misprint ap-
pears on the card. Instead of a "first aid
kit," the card reads "first aid kid," which,
the Civil Defense Chief remarks, isn't
had advice either.

A group of Atlantic side women are
planning a course in Advanced First Aid.
This will be the first class of the sort to be
given here. Only those who have passed the
standard First Aid course will be eligible.
Mrs. Charlotte Kennedy, American Red
Cross instructor, will teach the class*

The Main Control Center in the base-
ment of the Administration Building at
Balboa Heights is to be completed by
the end of this month and communica-
tions equipment will be installed in the
center soon.

Plans for the Alternate Control Center,
which will be located in the Administra-
tion Building at Cristobal, have been
approved. The contract for this work
will be advertised soon.

The second class in radiological defense
training (RADEF), which was scheduled
for March, was postponed because of a
heavy training schedule at the Fort Clay-
ton Damage Control School. The class
will be a refresher course for those who
took the radar training last year and the
year before.

.Olicial Panama Claal Company Pdbliiiion
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, CZ. -
Printed by the Printing Plant,Mno~snt.Hops, dl:Zone

W. E. POITTR, GovernoriPresid I r. :
JonsI D. MIcELHENY, Lieultenant-Gove ~Si~~
WuLLuAM G. ~ARE ; l. .~-rl
Pa nama Ca nal I'nf orma tion 'O~fffer'7~

J. Ruirus HARov. Editor ~.;
EUNrCE RICHARD, Editorial Assis~tant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Celiters,
dRael afos bai c Ted TioiCegHoue uo 1
51llonS a year; mail and back copies, 10

.ma Cna Coon",nr s0'"laddeb male to Edlran
The Panama Canal Review, Balbol Heights. C _z _

April 3, 1959 11

Canal Zone stamps. This will be the first time that such a project
has been attempted. Judge Tatelman will list the stamps, describe
them, and give background information on each. TThe job will
take about three months, he estimates.

Power Conversion. With the exception of a' few isolated pieces of
equipment which will be converted to 60-cycle operation as soon
as possible, all household electrical equipment in the Pacific area
had been converted by the end of March. At present the principal
remaining users of 25-cycle power on the Pacific side are the Locks,
where conversion is in progress, and the Miraflores Filtration Plant,
which is scheduled for conversion in the near future.

Departing Doctors. Two Health Bureau physicians wrho have been
here for the past five years are leaving the Isthmus permanently.
They are Dr. Grace Stuart, Chief of Anesthesia at Gorgas Hos-
pital, and Lt. Col. J. G. Higgins, Superintendent of Corozal Hlospi-
tal. Dr. Stuart left the Canal Zone at the end of March to
retuffl tO YOnkers, N. Y. She has been a member of the Gorgas
Staff since February 1953. Colonel Higgins has been in the Canal
Zone since May 1954 when he arrived here from Camp Rucker,
Ala., to take over the post of Chief of the Neuropsychiatric Section.
He was appointed Superintendent of Corozal Hospital in 1957.
He will leave the Canal Zone in June aind will be stationed at the
Brooke Army Hospital in San Antonio, Tex.

Date Town Place Hour
8 Rainbow City School 6:8o p.
9 Santa Cruz Serv. Center 8:oo p.
2o Paraiso School "F:3o P.
6 Margarita sery.center 9:ona.


- -- --- U)(IU IIU IIU*U I

Walter T. 1McClure, this month's Man-of-the-
aMoh nshouledt t tadh ts-a th nns er j
States or thqeuCanal Zone mails. H-e has been work-
ingin ps:ofi ??shehd haono inn teUnkted Sa
Asheville, N. C., 25 miles as a jet plane flies from
his home town of Waynesville, he had a colleague
who had worked in the Canal Zone post offices.
This former Zonian's description of the Canal Zone
was so entrancing that Mr. McClure decided to
see it for himself, if he ever got a chance.
The chance came in 1936 with one of the mutual
transfers which were fairly common in those days
in the postal service. A Canal Zonian wanted to
go to the United States, Mr. McClure wanted to
come to the Canal Zone; they just swapped jobs.
-- The former North Carolinian found the Zone up to
. ~the advance billing; he has been here ever since.
. 1.. .,..... : He has moved steadily up the line of postal
positions and is now Assistant Postmaster at Cris-
tobal. As this issue of THE REVIEWJ went to press,
he was Acting Postmaster. Aside from his job, he
has few hobbies. His main outside interest is his
Masonic Lodge, according to his friends.

April 3, 1959

Mrs. Florence E. 1Mallett, a native of
Oil City, Pa., is presently employed as
Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk in the
Payroll Branch. She began her service as
a clerk in the Mechanical Division.
.Ralph H. Otten has continuous service
with the Engineering Division where he is
nA chitecu draitss at wit th Ofie sEas-
gineer. He is a native of Boonville, Miss.
Mrs. Evelyn S. Slowick is Head Nurse
(Emergency Room) at Coco Solo Hospital.
Her hometown is Washington Court Hlouse,
Ohio. Her first Canal position was asa
nurse. She has also worked at Gorgas Hos-
pital during her 20 years of service.
Edward Kt. W~ilburn has continuous serv-
ice. He came to the Canal organization as
a checker in the Commissary Division~, and
is now Towboat or Ferry Master in the
Dredging Division. He is a native of Knox-
ville, Tenn.
Six women are among the 19 employees
who celebrated 15 years of service during
March. One of the women is a native of
the Canal Zone.
The native Zonian is Mrs Constance L.
Bishop, Passenger Traffic Clerk in the
Transportation Section of the Administra-
tive Branch. She was born in Ancon.
The other women are Mrs. Ellen E,
Bailey, of Attleboro Falls, Mass., Clerk
(Typing) in the Division of Schools; Mrs.
Ruth Banton, of Martins Ferry, Ohio, Ele-
mentary and Secondary School Teacher in
the Division of Schools; Mrs. Helen J.
Bellinger, of Cairnbrook, Pa., Staff Nurse
(Medical and Surgical) at Gorgas Hospital-
Mrs. Eloise M. Murphy, of Wauchula, Fla.,
Hupe viory dAccountinge Cemk atG Cgs

ears IngSD.esC.ndS prisoBy aP cure-
The 15-year men are listed with their
ilaes o it uansderpi et positions. Those
Carmine Ammirati, Brooklyn, N. Y.,
Leader Plasterer, Tile and Block Setter,
Maintenance Division; Walter C. Cole,
Aberdeen, Wash., Pilot, Navigation Divi-

rin ney Eea s r r di, T, Aratr

Division; George F. Reichel, Yelm, Wash.
Dipper Dredge Operator, Dredging Divi
sion; George C. Scheibe, New York, N. Y.
Machinist Leader, Locks Division; and
James M. Zelsmlan, Lebanon, Mo., Ma-
chinist, Locks Division.

Th o s w h s e v c n on di u u

ter WT. Carlson, Jersey Cit N. J., Lead
Foreman (Barge Maintena ce), Dredging
Division; Lisle E. Gorham, Sullivan, Ohio,
Central Office Repairman, Communications
Branch; Maurice L. McCullough, Princeton,
Ind.;, Automotive Machinist Foreman, Mo-
tor Transportation Division; Joff~re R.
Sauvageau, Salem, Mass., Nurse Anesthe-
tist, Gorgas Hospital, and James P. Sawyer,
of Latonia, Ky., Office Machine Repairman,
Industrial Division.

,,,"""",,,,. -35 YEARFS~

Just exactly half of the half-dozen em-
ployees who completed 30 years of Gov-
-ernment service last month have to do
directly with the operation of the Panama
Canal. They are: Roscoe M. Collins,
Harbormaster at Balboa; Albert H.
Shockey, General Mechanical Foreman III
at the Pacific Locks; and William R. Cal-
cutt, a pilot.
Mr. Collins comes from Orleans, Ind.

Hl e bhi a rsvi e, i trrpt 2 easo y mi -
itary s rvicehlu ging WredWar Hh s
held his present position since 1954.
Mr. Shockey was born in Waynesboro,
Pa. He began his Canal service as a ma-
chinist in the Mechanical Division, trans-
ferred to the Locks in 1934. He has held
the positions of towing locomotive operator,
lockmaster, and mechanical supervisor.

Captiand Ce cut tts a nivero rA amea,
to the Panama Canal in January 1935.
He started, as pilots-to-be did then, as a
dock foreman, served briefly as a towboat
master before he began his pilot's training.
He has been taking ships through the Canal
since 1937.
Last month's other three 30-year em-

Locomotive Engmneer in the Railroad Di-
vision; and Robert H. Durkee, Purchasing
Agent in the Procurement Division of the
New York Office.
Mr. Barca was born in Italy. His first
Panama Canal job was as a machinist in
the Mechanical Division. Later he became
an elevator inspector, in addition to his
duties as machinist. He has worked for
the former Commissary Division and for
the Maintenance Division and has been
with the Pacific Locks since 1956.
Mr. Chambers comes from Nashville,
but his Nashville is in Illinois and not in
Tennessee. His entire Panama Canal ca-
reer, which is continuous, has been with the
Panama Railroad, and all of his work has
been that of an engineer.
Mr. Durkee was born and raised in
Stockbridge, Vt. He joined the staff of the
New York Office 30 years ago last month.
He now makes his home in New York City.
March was Silver Anniversary month for
one woman and six men mn the Panama
Canal organization:
The lone woman is Mrs. Ethel G. Cooper>
Property and Supply Clerk for the Dredg-
mng Division smece 1948. She had formerly
worked briefly as a- library attendant and
as a clerk in the Division of Schools. She
comes from Saratoga Springs, N. Y.
Next on the list of quarter-century em-

ployees is Roger L. Deakins who, as Chief
Eleatriale Dvision'p nto kee thathe Caa
Zone's electric current flowing. He comes
from St. J seh, Mo. has worked for the
CommissaryeDpivision, and, as a battery re-
pairman, for the former Receiving and For-
wa mig Agency.
W7illiam C. Grimes, an Auditor in the
Internal Audit Branch, was born in New
York Cty.AiHe eam t ntehde ItIhmus with

eanizattiousin 136 is a lOPk iac i on-
and was a time in pectorhin themAc ount-
Auditor in 1952.
Frank D. Harris, Master of the tug
Taboga, comes from Eagle H-arbor in Wash-
ington. He worked here during the sum-
mer of 1917, while he was visiting a brother.
He returned here in 1939 as a tugboat mas-
ter. He has been master of both the old

th ii sto Na igtio b cion fro Chi

Joseph J. Lukacs, fifth of the 25-year
employees, is a Filtration Plant Operator
with the Mamntenance Division's Water and
Laboratories Branch. He was born in
Duquesne, Pa., and has been a Zonian since
1940. He has worked with the former Mu-

nic pal ng neeid, M canical an hBu ld

Last, alphabetically, of the 25-year em-
ployees is Albert F. Pate, formerly of
Tifton, Ga., now a Control House Oper-
ator at Gatun Locks. His first Canal job
was that of electrician's helper. Following
completion~ of a learnership, he became an
electrical wireman. In 1944, he trans-
ferred to the Locks Division,
Seven different units of the Canal organ-
ization are represented by the employees
who completed 20 years of service during
March. One employee is a native of the
Canal Zone.
Robert C. Calvit is the native Zonian*
he was born in Ancon. His service with
the Canal is broken by less than a year.
His present job is Plumber in the Mainte-
nance Division.
John T. Barrett, Jr. came to the Canal
as a Second Mate in what was then the
Marine Division and has had continuous
.service since that time. He is now a Pilot
in the Navigation Division. His hometown
is Revere, Mass.
Carlton S. Bell, a Police Officer, is the
Police Division's representative. Although
his service is not continuous, it has all been
with the same Div~ision. Williams port, Pa.
is Mr. Bellfe homnetoin.

Cristobal------------------ -- _
Ancon ---- ---- ---- --- __ __ __
Cristobal------------ -- ___
Ancon_~~-___-____- -_--_----- -
Cristobal------------- __ ---- -
A ncon--- -- -- -- -- -_ __ __ _
Cristobal------------- ... __

April 1
April 8
April 18
April 24

April 10
April 16
April 28




Retirement certificates were presented
the end of March to the following employ-
e~eswho art ishtid ailrha edmHl ostoow,
years of Canal service, and their future
William A. Clark, Ohio; Lead Roads
Maintenance Foremant, Maintenance Di-
vision; 19 years, 3 months, 18 days; Florida.
Lyman Jackson, Inldiana; Locomotive
Machinist, Railroad Division; 30 years, 8
months, 21 days; Juan Diaz, R. de P.
Wiillie LaBrance, Oregon; Salvage Tow-
boat Engineer, Dredging Division; 17 years,
5 months, 5 days; future address undecided.
Dr ve,u ot Tr nsoretratt onR Disionru2
years, 2 months, 8 days; Port Charlotte, Fla.
James M. Reeves, Louisiana; Filtration
Plant Operator III, Water and Laborator-
ies Branch; 10 years, 6 months, 12 days;
future address undecided.
Gilbert A. Reynolds, Kenltucky;~i General
Electrical Foreman II, Electrical Division;
19. years, 11 months, 27 days; Canlal ZoneC ~
for pre~sent.
Robert B. Sager, Ohio; Structural Enlgi-
neer, Engineering Division; 20 years, 24
days; Canal Zone for pre~sent.
Allen B. Ward, Nebraska; Spanishi rcem.h-
er, Balboa High School; 23 years, 6 men~li h ,
12 days; Canal Zone until June, rhiln
Springfield, Mo.
Willis WOOlems, Indiana; Autll..motwo
Machinist, Motor Transportation Division;
15 years, 4 months, 21 days; future address

Civic Council and other cormmun-
ity meetings will be listed regularly
if notice is furnished no later than
the 20th of each month.
at 7:30 tonight, upstairs in the Di-
ablo Service Center. Sponsored by
Civil Council representatives.


February 15 through March 15

Employees who were promoted or trans- MARINE BUREAUJ
ferred between February 15 and March 15 H~omer W. W~atkins, Robert L. Austin'
are listed below. Within-grade promotions from Fire Sergeant, Fire Division, to Guard,
are not reported. Locks Security Branch.
ADMIISTATIV BRNCHThomas E. Price, from. Guard, Locks
George H. Sanford, from Lead Foreman Sperit racto Toin Locomoiv Diii
III nallDuplicating Plant Foreman, Print- ODnatlrd cesoosiv fron Usher, Sales and
ang > t.Service Branch, to Guard, Locks Division.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Semon Theriot, from Locks Operator II
John W~. D~wyer, from Fire Sergeant, Fire to Towing Locomotive Operator, Locks Di-
Division, to Substitute Window Clerk, vision.
Postal Division. Allen R. Flinn, from Control House Op-
Louis H. Charles, from Window Clerk to erator to Lead Control Hlouse Foremnan*
Distribution Clerk, Postal Division. Locks Division. .
Bobbie J. WKilliford, from Substitute.Win- Arnold WV. Jackson, from Foreman Wire-
dow Clerk to Window Clerk, Postal Di- main to Lock Oper'ator Leader, Locks Di-
vision. vision.
Mrs. Eva M. Grassau, from Supervisory BUREAU
Accounting Assistant to Payroll Syrstems Kerner E. Frauenheim, from Assistant
Assistant, Payroll Branch. Manager, Tivoli Guest House, to Service
Charles N. Norris, from Payroll Systems Center Manager, Supply Division.
Assistant to Supervisory Accounting Assist- TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
ant, Payroll Branlch. BUREAU
HEALTH BUREAU Robert S. Wood, from Supervisory Gen.
eral Enlgineer to Supervisory Equipment
Dr. Rogelio A. Arosemena, from Medical Specialist, Railroad Division.
Officer, General Surgery, to Assistant Chief, Alexander H. Mason, from Substitute
G ner 1 Sur ical Sectin GonrGa iscaH c. Tr /Is C sikPostal Division, to Guard,
Internal Medicine, to Chief, Gastroenter- '
ology Section, Gorgas Hospital. OTHER PROMOTIONS
Mrs. Mary B. Egolf, from Clerk-Typist Promotions which did not involve change
to Clerk-Stenographer, Office of Health in title follow:
Director. Charles S. Howe, Construction and Main,
Mrs. Alice B. Willett, from Staff Nurse tenance Superintendent, Dredging Division.
to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Surgery), Daniel C. Zitzman, Accountant, Account-
G~orgas Hospital. ing Division'


will receive a 30-year pin. John W.
Martyn, a Director, will be given a 20-
year award. WV. M. Whitman, Secretary
of the Company, will get a 10-year award,
and 5-year pins and certificates will be
presented to George H. Roderick, Chair-
man of the Board, Ralph H. Cake, How-
ard C. Petersen, and Charles S. Reed
all of whom are Directors, and to Philip I
Steers, Comptroller.
During the past few weeks, the Gov-
ernor has been signing the certificates
which accompany the service pins. Sev-
eral members of the Governor's staff
have noticed that, while he was discuss-
ing some phase of the Canal's operations
with them, the Governor was signing his
name to certificate after certificate. One
staff member, somewhat intrigued by the
process, timed the signing. With an
occasional brief rest for his cramped
fingers, the Governor was able to sign
100 certificates in 10 mimites,

hWhen th Bureeau presentati 81 a e

Theld lhengthestsevcpi ceremony i b
wlbethat in the Marinene Bureau, Ol
waahic heas t 18 m len k and women with
between 30 nd4 years of service.

Tied for second place in the number
of 30-year employees are the Engineer-
ing and Construction Bureau and the
Supply and Community Service Bureau,
each with 145 employees qualifying for
the length-of-service awards. In third

place is the Transportation and Term-
inals Bureau, with 102 30-year employees.
Following these, numerically, are: Health
Bureau, 44 employees; Civil Affairs Bu-
reau, 36 employees; Administrative
Branch, 22 employees; Office of the
Comptroller, 11 employees; the New
York Operations, 8 employees; and the
Personnel Bure~au, with one employee.
The largest Division, insofar as its 30-
year employees are concerned, is the
Supply Division, with 132 30-year em-
ployees, while the smallest Division is the
Power Conversion Project, whose Project
Engineer, J. Bartley Smith, is the sole
30-year employee.
The awards to be given this month are
gold pins with a border of blue enamel.
They go to all employees who have be-
tween 30 and 40 years of Company-
Government service. Military service is
included only when the employee con-
cerned entered the Armed Forces directly

andmr turnodm sohsG Cna meo d retl

first figure is the number of employees,
the second the years of service:

An amazing total of 23,003 years of
Panama Canal service is represented by
the 694 Company-Government employees
who are to receive 30-year service pins
and certificates late this month.
By the old formula-if all these em-
ployees, etc.--these 23,003 years would
take a composite employee back to the
days when a Cro-Magnon man was living
in a cave decorated with brilliant murals
of mammoths and other beasts.
Actually, the total service averages out
to a little over 33 years for each of the
694 men and women, which is a good lot
of years with any organization.
Governor Potter will present the 30-

awar dae s wyes bing arranged asn this
issue of "TheReiew w6 Ient tfon prges.
In addition to tha el 694 awardso be
eighth mec ewrnmberso the Panama Cnl
Companyes, Boeardl ofDrecetators and om
pa dny fier wllreceivAselengthof-s herie
pins ad aertifiats Aprilg 11,gdurn as ti

quartel memetin of the Boardm of Di-

rectors in WFashington.
Former Governor Glen E. Edgerton

- 39

158 30 ____3
124 ___ -31
85 ..___ _32
55 as ____3
65 34 -- __3

51 __
34 .___
29 ___
as ___
58 ___

Thirty-Year Service Awards

To Be Given 694 Employees

The Ice Ag e

This picture proves that the meir
of the Safety Branch
are ready to meet
any emergency.
.4 When the new air conditioning
was First installed
in the Administration Building
at Balboa Heights,
the temperature sometimes
fell as low as 68 degrees.
Halywood H. Shacklett
Found that a hat
,,,(1 and a Fur-collared jacket
~helped him keep comfortable,

are predicted for the Panama Canal.

and vessels in study of future traffic.

The Stanford

Institute Report

Research team. considers commnodities

followed a pattern of "what and how"
to reach their conclusions. The team
first studied each of the eleven commod-
ities and commodity groups which have
accounted for about three-quarters of all
cargo tonnage in recent years. They
analyzed the demands for these commod-
ities and the supply factors. As a second
step, the Institute dealt with the so-called
"minor" commodities--the copra, rub-

oters ca eoy In t emtbe o a
statistics which appear four times a year
The minor commodities were studied,
the report says, "as movements over par-
ticular trade routes and were related to
the conditions that will affect trade on
those routes in the future."
After they prepared estimates of future
tonnage movements for these major and
minor commodities--the "what" of the
"what and how"-the research team
turned to the "how"-the ships which
carry these cargoes. The Institute broke
shipping down into three main categor-
ies: General cargo vessels, tankers, and
ore caryiirg,
Then they made estimates of both
cargo tonnages and Canal transits for
two target years, 1975 and the year 2,000.
The latter, they said, "should be viewed
only as the approximate magnitudes
which could be reached if developments
continue in the general framework that
can now be recognized or seen emerging
in the future."
In general, they found, the Panama
Canal offers the shortest routes con-
necting certain advanced industrial
areas with sources of food and raw
materials. Like all generalizations,
the research team cautioned, this
statement is subject to modification:
Shippers may choose to follow longer
routes so that their vessels may load
or discharge at intermediate ports.
And there is also the possibility that
newr industrial areas--such as Russia,
India, and China, which do not now
affect Canal traffic--some day may
have a significant effect on Panama
Canal shipping.
In their study of the commodities
which make up the bulk of the Canal's
cargo tonnage, the Stanford Research In-
stitute team found that there had been
a marked shift in the past 30 years in the
relative importance of various cargo
items. Half of the ten items which were
largest, in cargo tonnage, in Atlantic to
Pacific shipments in 1929 had disap-
peared from the top-ten list in 1957.
Commuodities carried northbound
through the Panama Canal, from the
Pacific to the! Atlantic, were more stable.

More ships and bigger ships, and much
more cargo will be moving through the
Panama Canal before this century ends.
These, in general, are the findings of
the Stanford Research Institute which
recently completed an analysis of future
traffic through the Canal as part of the
studies now under way to determine what
steps can be taken to increase the ca-
pacity of the waterway.
According to the Institute's findings:
Approximately 25 percent more ships
will transit the Panama Canal in 1975,
only 18 years from now, than the 9,187
commercial transits of the past fiscal
year. By the end of the century, Canal
traffic will be about 68 percent higher
than that in 1958.
And the ships will be bigger, the
Stanford Research team predicts. By
1975, the average general cargo vessel
will be 10 percent larger than it is now;
this size will be relatively fixed for the
remainder of the century. Tankers, on
some runs, will average 35,000 tons,
18 years from now, and other tankers
on other runs will average about 15,000
tons. Ore carriers, likewise, will be-
come larger, until by 1975 the average
vessel of this type will carry 32,000
tons of cargo.
Cargo tonnage through the Panama
Canal will increase. By 1975, 73,436,-
000 tons of cargo will be flowing through
the Canal, an increase of more than
53 percent over cargo tonnage in 1958.
By the year 2000, cargo through the
Canal will have reached the astronom-
kcal figure of 102,130,000 tons a year.

This would be an increase of roughly
112 percent over last year's figures.
These projections for traffic, ship size,
and cargo appear in a two-volume, 321-
page report prepared by the Stanford
Research Institute which has its head-
quarters in Menlo Park, Calif. The study
was initiated in mid-1947 and the com-
pleted report was released last month,
The projections made by the Stanford

tak 0n acut adl ad sesna v r
iations. Since the study was confined to
commercial traffic, no consideration was
given to Government vessels.
In his introduction to the report, Dr'
Neil T. Houston of the Institute staff
and head of the Canal traffic study, says:
"The Panama Canal Company is en-
gaged in planning for facilities which
will be needed in the future of the
Panama Canal to handle growing traf-
fic. For this purpose, the Company
requires estimates of the number of
vessel transits that the Canal will be
called upon to handle in the future*
These transits will depend on the
volume of cargo moved through the
Canal and on the size of vessels carry-
ing this cargo and the degree to which
their capacity is effectively utilized."
'All projections were figured on the
basis of a world at peace. The research
team "assumed that the major powers
would not engage in a total war, for if a
global conflict occurs the problem to
which this study is addressed would no
longer be important."
The Stanford Research Institute team


April 3, 1959

More ships and bigger ships and much more cargo

Ships of the future will be even larger than the 738-foot Liberian oreship San
Juan Merchant which made her maiden Canal transit last month. She grosses
32,000 tons, Canal measurement, and was carrying 37,806 tons of iron ore
from Peru to Philadelphia, although her capacity is much greater than this.

I ne quest of the Quest

The only difference in the 1929 and 1957
lists was the replacement of dried fruit
by bananas, although the relative posi-
tions of commodity shipments shifted.
And what of the future for these com-
modities? These are the Stanford Insti-
titte's predictions, much condensed:
Nearly 80 percent of the total ex-
pected increase in the tonnage of these
major commodities is accounted for,
the research teamn says, by iron ore
and coal. Much of this increase reflects
the great demand of industrial Japan
for raw materials, and the 17-fold
growth in coal tonnage stems from
the samne cause. There is an increasing
demand for coking coal in the Japanese
steel industry.
There will be a substantial tonnage in-
crease in shipments of ores and metals
from South American ports in both At-
lantic and Pacific movements. Copper
shipments will double by 1975.
In addition to the Japanese demand
for coal, the growing steel industry on the
United States west coast will also contrib-
ute to an increase in coal shipments.
The demand for manufactured articles
by Canada will result in larger shipments
of iron and steel manufactured goods.
More tonnage is expected for petroleum
and petroleum products flowing from Vene-
zuela to the west coast of the United States.
The research teamn does not predict
much increase in lumber shipments; a
large expansion, the team says, is pre-
cluded by limitations on available timber
resources in areas that ship by water.
Wheat and wheat flour shipments will
increase, primarily because of the grow-
ing world population which will imply an
increase in consumption of 14 million
long tons by 1980. Asia will also have
to rely on wheat imports. .
Very little long-term growth is pro-
~jected for phosphates. Present shipments
consist mamnly of phosphate rock from
Florida which is shipped to the Far East
.for fertilizer. There is also a potential
supply of phosphates mn Mexico and
Africa which would not go through the
Canal en route to the Far East.
Nitrate tonnage will undoubtedly be
affected by the increased production of
synthetic nitrates. The Stanford tetam
foresees a small increase in nitrate ship-
ments to 1975 but a decline thereafter.
As far as food shipments are concerned,
the research team believes that there will
be an increase in shipments of both re-
frigerated and canned foods, sugar, and
bananas. These increases will be tied to
population growth and, in the case of
sugar, imports will be related to U. S.
sugar quotas.
The main items in, the long list of
minor commodities are dealt with at
much length in the Stanford report,
impossible to detail here. However,
the report says that by 1975 the largest
increases in the Atlantic-Pacific move-
ment of this group are expected on
routes from the United States and
Europe to the west coast of the United
States. In the latter part of the cen-
tury, these routes will continue to be
important in the growth with tonnage
from the east coast of the United States
becoming more important.
On the Pacific to Atlantic routes, the
largest growth in the shipment of minor
commodities is projected on routes from
Asia to the east coast of the United States
and from the United States west coast
to Europe.
April 3, 1959 15

Boys and girls in the Los Angeles pub-
lic schools are taking a trip half way
around the world these days. They are
doing their traveling, however, right at
their desks.
Physically, they will be in their class-
rooms, but spiritually they will be aboard
the 65-foot yawl Quest, which was a
Canal Zone visitor last month. They are
doing their globe-trotting through films
made especially for them by a party
headed by Dr. Howard F. Murphy, Los
Angeles dentist and yachtsman.
During their stay here, Dr. IMurphy
and his assistants shot between five and
six thousand feet of colored motion pic-
tures. They were developed locally in
K~odak's new processing plant and shipped
back, with commentary, for use in the
audio-visual program of the schools in
Los Angeles.
The part of the film made in the
Canal Zone shows the yawl and her
crew as the "Quest" approached the
Canal Zone, transited, and left, and
some of the sights her crew saw ashore.
Bit players in the film are the men who
handled the yacht during her transit,

or had something to do with it.
One specially featured player, in the
Canal Zone film strip, is Larry Gram-
lich, a sixth-grade pupil at Balboa el-
ementary school, and a third genera-
tion Zonian. His father, Gregory, is a
lock operator-machinist at Pedro Mi-
guel Locks. Hiis grandfather, Gregory,
was master of the dipper dredge "Cas-
cadas" when he retired in 1956 after
just 15 days less than 45 years of Pan-
ama Canal service. Larry's role in the
film represents every Zonian,
He appears with some of the Quest's
crew, especially with 17-year-old Harlow
Peterson, an Explorer Scout from Phoe-
nix, Ariz;., who was chosen to accompany
the Quest on her long voyage as a repre-
sentative of the Boy Scouts of A~merica.
The Quest arrived mn Balboa February
27 from California, via Acapulco, 1Mex-
ico, and Corinto, Nicaragua. She cleared
Cristobal March 23 for Odessa, Russia,
via many way ports.
The purpose behind the Quest's wan-
derings, Dr. Murphy says, is to convince
the youth of America that there is some-
thing in life beside the cut-throat dramas
they see on television.

At Pedro Miguel Locks a photographic crew from the yacht Quest
uses Gregory Gramlichr as almodel inlaalmovie of Canal operations.


Bearded Sikhs like Naraian Singh,
were once muc'b more Frequently seen
on the Canal Zone piers than they
are today. Their number has dwindled.
Many no longer wear white turbans.

Training Ship Calls Here
The Belgian training ship Mercator
paid one of her rare visits to the Isthmus
early in March when she arrived in Cris-
tobal on a trammig cruise with 54 naval
cadets aboard and a crew of 104 men.
The vessel remained four days in Cristo-
bal during which the cadets and crew
visited points of interest both in the
Canal Zone and Panama
The Mercator, a three-mnasted barken-
tine, was built for the Belgian govern-
ment in Scotland in 1932. She visited the
Canal in 1936 when she made the Canal
transit wvith the body of Father Damien
famed Belgian priest, on board. During
World War II, the Mercator was used as
a depot ship for submarines by the Brit-
ish in Freetown. In 1947, she was re-
turned to Alntwe~rp in tow and since 1950
has taken two training cruises each year.
Before arriving in Cristobal last month,
the training ship had visited Tene~rife,
Dakar, and Trinidad. On her way~ back
to Antwerp, she was to call at Nas~sau
and the Azores.


New Landing Craft
The Col. John U. D. Page, a brand new
type of Ul. S. Armyr beach lighter, tinder-
went modifications in its tank structure
at the Industrial Division in M~arch. A
development o~f the earlier and better.
known landing ship tank, the new lighter
has an ultra streamlined superstructure,
and is equipped with vertical axis pro-
pellers which give extra maneuverabil-
ity. She w~as constructed in San Diego in
1958 and arrived here from the West
Coast en routed to Fort Eustis, Va.
Aboard the beach lighter for her maiden
voyage, in the capacity of obse~rvetr, wvas
a former Zronian, ~Lieutenrant Commander
John Berude. HeI is a naval architect
attached to the Bureau of Ships. He
was born in Colon Hospital and grew up
in the Canal Zone. Both his parents
were employed here. His father, Arthur,
was an Admeasurer at the time of his
retirement in 1950, and his mother had
worked at the Printing Plant.
Santa Pal ue Here
The G~race liner Santa Paula, one of
the two new luxury passenger shiljs built
last year by Grace Line for the Caribbean
service, will pay her first visit to the
Canal when she arrives in Cristobal April
10 on a special cruise. .Carrying a full
list of 350 passengers, the new liner will
call at La Guaira and Curacao before
docking in Cristobal. The ship is sched-
uled to dock at 7 a. m. next Friday and
willsail the following day at 4 a. m..for
New York via Havana.
Globe Girdling Ship Due
A new round-the~-world service is being
inaugurated by the Royal Rotterdam
Isloyd L~uxury liner Willem Rays which
is due mn Balboa at 1 p. m., April 24, from
New Zealand and Callao with a full list
of 1,100 passengers. `Traveling on the
23,000-gross-ton ship is T. A. W. Ruys,
Managing Director of the Royal Rotter-
da~m Lloyd, who is making the inaugural
trip. The liner, which recently under-

went a five-month overhaul in prepara-
tion for the new service, is under the
command of Capt. F. J. de Jonge, 'Com-
modore of the fleet.
The Willem Rays is scheduled to dock
in Balboa shortly after her arrival and'
will remain here until the following day.
She will make the Canal transit and sail
from Cristobal for Miami, Bermuda, and
Southampton April 25.
In the future, the Willem Ruys is sched-
uled to pass through the Canal at least
five times each year on globe-girdling
trips which will~take her from Rotterdam
to Sues, Colombo, Singapore, Australia,
New Zealand, Callao, Miami, Bermuda,
and Southampton. A New York call will
be made once each ye~ar. Fenton & Comr
pany are agents at the Canal.
Canal Gets New Forklifts
The first of 10 new Yale forklift trucks
to be used for handling cargo on the
Cristobal docks wrere received on the
Isthmus and put in use in March. Five
more will be received from Philadelphia
this month. The new trucks are similar
to the older type in speed and power but
are operated from a sit-down instead of
a stand-up position. The purchase of the
new trucks is part of a program which
calls for -the gradual replacement of all
of the 110 forklift trucks on the Cristobal
and Balboa piers. Most of the existing fork-
lifts were acquired shortly after the sebc-
ond World War although 17 of the 20
purchased in 1942 are still in operation.
Cruise Ship
One of the best-known cruise ships to
visit Canal ports~ during the winter season
is the Stella Polaris, a 416-foot yacht-
type Swedish cruise vessel which carries
117 Ijassengers in air-conditioned luxury
on southern cruises in the winter and
northern cruises in the summer. The
Stella Polaris has been calling at Canal
ports for the past 25 years. Her latest
visit was Malrch 2. Fenton & Company
are agents for the vessel.

Her clipper bow is one of the most distinctive features of the Stella Polaris.




195S 1959
700 91
15 10
71.5 810

6 $3,658,024~
4 ;6,532
0 $3,734,55ti

CommerciaL_____ __
U. S. Government___ _
Total .
Commercial _~.3. $3105,85j
U. S. C~o\ I-rnmen t 55,-12
Total. 3,161,25

*Incluldes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going andl jmall
CARGO (long tons)
1958 19.59
Commercial___ 3,420,104- 4.2:31,3:3;
U. S. Gov,\ernment 37,727 ;2,258
Total__ 3,457,831, 4,3303,595