Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Full Text




PANAMA CANAL
---


Vol. 9, No. 8 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, MARCH 6, 1959 5 cents


r









LIVABILITY


Livability has a highly individualistic
meaning-to the millionaire a mansion,
to the hermit a good, clean cave.
A common denominator has been found
for livability for comparatively large
groups of Canal employees with the re-
sult that many are now getting improved
kitchens, water heaters, tiled bathrooms,
paved patios, or jalousies on weather-
exposed windows at very low cost.
The Canal Company is spending
about $150,000 this fiscal year on the
livability program and another $150,-
000 is budgeted for the coming year.
The livability program consists in the
main of making relatively minor im-
provements to quarters desired by oc-
cupants on a group basis. Since it is
being done on a wholesale basis, indi-
vidual costs are kept relatively low and
these can be covered by small rental
increases spread over a long period.
The livability program, now developed
with definitive policy and planning, is
the outgrowth of many years of hap-
hazard improvements done on an indi-
vidual basis.
Since the first houses were built for
Canal workers in the construction period,
employees-or more likely their wives-
have found things they didn't like or
some change they wanted made. Until
the present program was developed, such
improvements required specific authori-
zation. After that was obtained the im-
provements might be made if the indi-
vidual paid the full cost; on the basis of
a rental increase; or by an agreement to
restore the house to its pristine condition.
While these conditions continue to pre-
vail in special cases where an improve-
ment is not likely to be desired by a large
group of employees occupying the same
type of quarters, the present livability
program covers many improvements com-
monly desired. Thus, employees are re-
lieved of many details required in plan-
ning and execution and the improvements
are made at a modest cost to the employee.


The livability program was developed
principally through the cooperation of
the Civic Councils. The need for such
a program was clearly evident after the
new Rainbow City houses were built.
While the houses were a vast improve-
ment over the old Camp Coiner, Camp
Bierd, and Silver City quarters, occu-
pants soon found to their dismay that
tropical downpours on the Atlantic
side came right into the weather-ex-
posed windows and ruined furniture
and interior finishes.
Later, as the housing replacement pro-
gram advanced, more employees re-
quested changes of a similar nature for
other types of quarters.
As a result of these requests, Governor
Potter asked the Civic Councils in both
the Latin American and United States
communities to canvass their constituents
and report on improvements which were
most commonly desired.
This was followed by the establishment
of a definite rental rate increase, which
is 60 cents a month for each $100 spent
on improvements.
Last year after some of the main fea-
tures of the livability program had been
outlined, the Governor appointed a spe-
cial committee to develop the program
fully. This committee is composed of
J. C. Randall, Chief of the Community
Services Division as Chairman, J. M.
Cooke, Designing Engineer, and L. B.
Magnuson, Chief of the Budget and
Rates Division.
The Livability Program Committee has
just submitted its first formal report and
a definite policy under which the program
is to be administered in the future.
The report showed that $48,550 has
been committed this year to patio im-
provements in United States towns;
$20,634 to installations of jalousies;
$4,027 for tiling; and $4,050 to kitchen
cabinets. The balance of funds will be
used for additional tile work, patio ex-


Above: Glass louvres which let in the light but keep out the rain in the
home of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Detamore. Here, daughter Kathy takes a look.


Second from top: Worker prepares to pour concrete for patio addition and side-
walk at the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Perry, of 5775-B, Diablo Heights.


Third from top: Claudette Sawyer relaxes in the basement of her home in Par-
aiso. Paving of basements has provided extra utility and recreation space.


At far left: Hot water heaters are an important part of the livability program.
This is one of the many which were installed recently in housing in Paraiso.


At left: This new sidewalk not only connects the patio to the front of their house
but also makes a play-place for the Walter Allen children, of Diablo Heights.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


March 6,1959








means paved patios, tiled bathrooms, improved kitchens, water heaters,
window jalousies at small increased rents


tensions, and other patio improvements.
The Committee is returning to U. S.-
citizen occupants all requests for im-
provements on which no action was pos-
sible during this fiscal year due to the
limited funds available They, along with
others who may be interested, are being
requested to re-submit their requests for
work to be considered during the coming
fiscal year. Requests will be received in
the Housing Offices during the period
between March 15 and April 1, 1959.
Those occupants who have received quar-
ters improvements may submit their re-
quests for additional items; however,
preference will probably be given to those
who have not benefited under this year's
program.
New forms will be attached to those
being returned for revision and re-sub-
mission. Other occupants interested may
obtain the form at the Housing Office or
submit their request by letter.
Only those requests received during
the period of March 15 to April 1 will
be considered in the preliminary plan-
ning. Action on subsequent requests will
depend upon the availability of funds.
In the Latin American communities,
$20,000 has been earmarked for jalous-
ies; $39,800 for water heaters; and $3,600
has been spent on basement paving.
While the livability program has been
widely publicized, there are many em-
ployees who are not fully informed on


its scope. The Livability Program Com-
mittee has now outlined the general fea-
tures of the program and developed a
policy statement under which it will be
administered. Because of the widespread
interest in the livability program, the
Committee's statement is quoted in full:
"The administration of a program of
improving livability of quarters on a
long-range basis must necessarily follow
a reasonable and sound policy. Person-
alities, friendships, ratings, grades, and
seniority wiil not enter into the execu-
tion of the program. All alterations to
quarters should be based on sound eco-
nomic principles. Many of the quarters
in the Canal Zone can be improved in
some respect or other, and the Company
gain by an improved structure, and yet
the tenant be perfectly happy about pay-
ing a higher rent for the benefits derived
from the improvement; other quarters
have reached such a state of obsolescence
and deterioration that the recovery of
the cost of improvements made now
would be doubtful or impossible. In any
event, the order in which alterations are
made must be based on a series of rules
which are predicated on a sound Com-
pany policy.
Policy
"To fulfill the desires of the tenant
within the limits of funds made avail-
able for this purpose, so long as he is
willing to pay for the improvement


involved through increased rent; that
any improvement made to the quarters
be of such character that it would be
generally acceptable to a future tenant;
that high consideration be given to
such improvements that would extend
the useful life of the quarters; that no
alterations be made to quarters that
are scheduled for demolition within
the next ten years; that rental increase
will be at the rate of 60 cents a month
per $100; that no alteration totaling
more than $1,000 be made to quarters
until such time that it is apparent that
the requested alterations costing less
than $1,000 will not exhaust the funds
then available; that improvement to
executive and officially assigned quar-
ters be given out-of-line consideration
for improvement under the program;
that an effort be made to minimize
the cost of improvements to the renter
by grouping the maximum number of
units possible of a given type of im-
provement into a single contract pack-
age; that the timing of execution of the
work, consistent with the obligation of
available funds within a given fiscal
year, be delegated to the Engineering
and Construction Director, in order
that execution of this policy be dele-
gated to a committee consisting of the
Chief, Community Services Division,
Chairman; Designing Engineer, and
the Chief, Budget and Rates Division."


Extending and roofing the patio of the D. A. Yerkes quarters in Diablo Heights cost $524.05, adds about 75S rent weekly.








Speeded=up


Study


In physics class
Alex Perez-Venero,
left, and Pat Tate
prove the world
really rotates
on an axis.


The "advanced achievement" sections
which were established for junior and
senior students at Balboa High School
early this school year have been so suc-
cessful that the plan is to be extended
next year to students in the high school's
sophomore class and if possible to Grade 9.
This year students in these advanced
groups have been doing speeded-up
work in solid geometry, intermediate
algebra, English, United States history,
physics, and chemistry.
Next year, advanced sections are to be
added for students in plane geometry,
sophomore English, and biology. Modern
world history may also be added to the list.
Last month school officials sat down to
discuss the program, review what has
been done so far, and see what can be
done in the future to develop what na-
tional educators call "academically tal-
ented" students. These students, who are
capable of studying abstract subjects in a
more advanced form than their classmates,
have been called the "great underdevel-
oped natural resources of the nation."
The program instituted here last fall
is in line with a recommendation from
the National Education Association fol-
lowing a conference of 200 outstanding
educators and laymen in Washington last
February. Under the chairmanship of


James B. Conant, President Emeritus of
Harvard University, this group studied
problems involved in finding and educa-
ting these pupils all over the country.
Early this year, 47 Balboa High School
students were placed in advanced
achievement classes. Some were in
only one group, some in as many as
four. Of the 47, 21 were high school
seniors and 26 were in the junior year.
By boys and girls, they split fairly
evenly-26 boys and 21 girls. Boys led,
17-9, among junior students but in the
advanced achievement sections for the
seniors, the girls outnumbered the
boys, 12 to 3. At the end of the semes-
ter, very few of the original 47 were
dropped and nine additional students
were entered in these groups.
The students were selected for the ad-
vanced achievement classes on the basis
of teacher approval, their previous school
records, and their intelligence as shown
by standard tests.
No advance publicity was given to the
advanced achievement classes and even
the students in them did not know for
about a month that the work they were
doing differed from their classmates, in
other sections of the same subjects. At
this time, the parents of each student re-
ceived a letter from T. F. Hotz, Balboa


High School principal, who told them
that their son or daughter had been
placed in one or more of the special
groups. The parents' reaction was invar-
iably favorable.
The advanced achievement students do
more work and work of a higher quality
in the special groups than would nor-
mally be expected of their contempora-
ries. They do not do work beyond their
grade level; a junior student, for instance,
does not move ahead of his grade into
senior class work.
In English, provided he is in the ad-
vanced achievement section for this sub-
ject, he writes more-and better-themes
and essays, and does more-and stiffer-
outside reading than his classmates. He
does not study any material which is in-
cluded in the senior class schedule.
Inasmuch as high schools do not
give credit hours for courses, other than
to say that the student has completed
a certain number of units in each sub-
ject, the advanced achievement stu-
dents get no extra credit for their
work. Transcripts of their grades
which are sent to the colleges they
hope to enter or to schools to which
they may transfer will, however, in-
clude a notation that they have been
in advanced achievement sections.
The advanced sections are taught by
regular teachers. One English teacher
who ordinarily is scheduled for five classes
now has four regular classes and one ad-
vanced achievement section.
These advanced sections, which are
now being added in high schools through-
out the United States are feasible, without
added cost, only in schools with fairly
large enrollment. The plan is possible
at Balboa, with an enrollment of over
1,100 but impossible-without extra ex-
penditure-at Cristobal where there is
about a third that number of students.


In the chemistry laboratory, advanced achievement students conduct experiments under the watchful eye of Walter Fischer


4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


March 6,1959








here is COtty


only painting pumping whistle blower


"I tell people when to go to work and
when to stop," says Hugh "Scotty" Linn.
And, as whistle blower at the Cristobal
Drydock, that's exactly what he does.
Officially Mr. Linn operates the Dry-
dock's pumping plant but he is better
known to most employees as the whistle
blower because he also blows the morn-
ing, noon-day, and afternoon whistles.
His day begins at 6:30 in the morning
when he arrives at the Drydock area,
ahead of other workers, to blow the
first whistle of the day. At 6:55, he
blows the "get ready" whistle and five
minutes later the whistle that marks
the beginning of the workday. The
next whistle is at 10:55, followed by
the lunchtime signal.
At 11:55 he blows another "get ready"
whistle and follows this with the back-
to-work one at 12 o'clock. His last
whistle of the day is at 4 o'clock.
The blasts before working time are
five seconds long while the ones sig-
nalling work hours are a full ten seconds.
To blow the compressed-air whistle,
Mr. Linn pulls a brass ring, about four
inches in diameter, which is connected
to a long brass tube. Elbow grease keeps
the tube and ring bright and shiny.
In his ten years of whistle blowing,
Scotty has made only one mistake. He
pulled the ring prematurely one day


and sent everyone back to work ahead
of time. Fellow workers still remind
him of this and often suggest that he
should make a mistake in the other
direction and let them off early to
make up for his former error.
The pumping plant provides air for
the pneumatic equipment used in dry-
docking operations at Cristobal. The
monotonous sound of the machinery has
a somewhat hypnotic effect and Mr. Linn
is glad to have the responsibility of the
whistle to keep him alert.
After 10 years in the plant, his ears
are so attuned to the machinery that he
can detect trouble immediately. As he
listens with a keen ear to the whirr of
the pumps he paints safety posters. A
serious artist, he also paints as a hobby
and has won prizes in local contests.
Scotty's thick Scottish burr leaves no
doubt as to his homeland. He is a native
of Glasgow. He went to sea for a number
of years and visited many countries be-
fore he decided to settle in the Canal
Zone. On July 6, 1939 he joined the
Canal organization and has held his pres-
ent position of Engineman since August
25, 1957. He now lives at Margarita
with his wife and five children.
Mr. Linn is not the only whistle-
blower in the Canal organization but
he is probably the only painting, pump-
ing, whistle blower on the Isthmus.


Future .


Four men talked of old times, present times, and the future
when they got together here during the meeting of the
Panel of Consultants for the House Merchant Marine and
Fisheries Committee on the interoceanic canal plans early
last month.
Governor Potter and Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, at left be-
low, had a chance to talk of their early Army Engineer days
on the Sultan survey of the Nicaraguan Canal in the late 20's;
present-day operations and problems of the Panama Canal;
and what the future holds for international commerce in the
way of a canal through the American Isthmus.
Howard T. Critchlow, Staff Director of the panel, and W.


* .
H. Esslinger, the Canal's Chief Hydrographer, at right, also
talked of past, present, and future things. Mr. Critchlow
served as Chief Hydrographer during the Canal construction
period. They are shown examining an obsolete water-stage
register to measure tides and the Canal's water supply. Hy-
drography is an important factor in the operation of the Canal
now and in the future.
Other panel members attending the conferences in the Zone
last month were Hartley Rowe, also a construction-day em-
ployee, and John E. Slater. With the panel during their visit
was Bernard J. Zincke, Counsel for the Merchant Marine and
Fisheries Committee.


Past, Present and







Secretary of Army

Amends Regulations

Governing Leave

For the first time in the history of the
Panama Canal organization, employees
are now able to "borrow" against future
leave. The change was one in a series of
amendments to the leave system which
became effective February 22, in an order
signed by Secretary of the Army Wilber
Brucker on February 17.
The "borrowing" provision of the
leave amendment enables an employee
to take leave which he has not earned
but which will accrue to him during
the current leave year, on the condi-
tion that this be "paid back" in leave
earned after he returns to work or be
refunded in cash should he resign or
be separated from the service. This
provision applies to all employees of the
organization regardless of citizenship.
Another provision applicable to all em-
ployees is the institution of a uniform
leave date, which will occur early in Jan-
uary each year. The uniform leave year
thereby created is expected to simplify
timekeeping for leave purposes and enable
the various Canal units to schedule leave
for their employees without having to
take into consideration the previous indi-
vidual service dates.
Another major change in the leave
regulation is an increase of 44 hours in
the amount of leave which non-United
States citizens can accumulate. Prior to
February 22, non-U. S. citizen employees
could accrue up to only 416 hours;
under amended regulations, these em-
ployees may accumulate leave without
restriction except for the limitation of
460 hours at the beginning of each leave
year. Also, for the first time, the leave
system becomes uniform for all non-
United States citizen employees.
Employees who are citizens of the
United States will continue to earn leave
at the rate of 324 hours per year, retain-
ing the present limitation of 720 hours
on leave accrual.
The difference in leave for United
States and non-United States citizen
employees is in line with provisions of
the 1955 Treaty and Memorandum of
Understanding between Panama and
the United States which recognizes the
eligibility for greater annual leave ben-
efits of United States citizen employ-
ees, as well as their right to home leave
travel allowances.
Home leave transportation regulations
are not affected by the new leave order.
In general, home leave continues to be
computed on the basis of an employee's
service; he is initially entitled to home
leave travel when he has completed 24
months of service with the Canal organ-
ization and to home leave at roughly two-
year intervals thereafter.
In order to provide for the transition
to the new annual service date, all limita-
tion on leave accumulation is eliminated
until next January 10. This means that
leave will not have to be reduced to the
maximum limitation until next January,
regardless of the previous individual serv-
ice date. Non-U. S. citizen employees
who had formerly been earning leave at
the rate of 324 hours per year will have
until January 1961 to reduce their leave
credit to their new maximum of 460 hours.


EXPERIENCE


HAP HAZARD
S.' '


TODAY: Experience teaches us that-
Most folks ignore it once they've gotten it.
It isn't good experience to be injured in an accident.
Many things learned by accident, we shouldn't have learned at all.
Your best friend will run over you on the highway.
When you do have an accident you have ignored experience.
It's better to keep your nose to the grindstone; if you leave, you're
liable to get knocked off by accident.
You don't need the extra feet of a new car that won't fit a garage.
To trade in your old car, you get less than what you still owe.
A good credit rating is better than the cash in your pocket.
When you accept nothing but the best you end up with nothing.
You can't live high on the hog if you don't bring home the bacon.
It really doesn't ruin a kid's personality to give him the "old fashion"
disciplinary action for a traffic violation.
Many things we used to call sin are now called experience.
When your arms become to short to hold the paper at reading distance,
you've reached the crest of the hill.
When coasting down the hill make sure your braking experiences are
in working order.


JANUARY 1959
BUREAU

Supply & Community Service (Honor Roll)
Engineering & Construction-(Honor Roll)
Civil Affairs --------------- (Honor Roll)
New York Operations------------.-_
Health ---------------
Marine--------------------------.
Transportation & Terminals -----------
Accident Pool ---------------------
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company ---


FIRST AID
CASES
'59 '58
41 34
31 36
10 12
10 8
6 16
65 (20) 67
47 42
215 (20)543


() Locks Overhaul injuries included in total.


DISABLING
INJURIES
'59 '58
0 0
0 0
0 3
1 1
2 0
4 (1)2
4 1
0 0
F11 (1)7


DAYS LOST
'59 -58
0 0
0 0
0 30
23 50
30 0
293 (7)8
65 4
411 (7)92


DISABLING
INJURIES
YEAR
TO DATE
'59 '58
0 0
0 0
0 3
1 1
2 0
4 (1)2
4 1
0 0
11 (1)7


6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


March 6,1959






CIVIL DEFENSE
NEWS


Two groups of teenage Canal Zone
school girls, one group on each side of
the Isthmus, are preparing for the 1959
Civil Defense Nurses Aid training course.
This three-part program has become an
extremely popular activity and is looked
forward to each year with interest.
On the Atlantic side, 22 girls have reg-
istered with Miss Florence Edbrooke,
Chief Nurse at Coco Solo Hospital, who
is in charge of the training program over
there. On the Pacific side, applications
have been accepted from a considerably
larger number but the class will be cut
to not more than 25 persons.
The Balboa Lions Club will sponsor
the Pacific side group, and has named
Mrs. Charlotte Kennedy as their repre-
sentative in this program. The Lions will
provide the uniforms for the group and
assist in arranging transportation and
other details. Others on the Pacific com-
mittee are Miss Beatrice Simonis and
Miss Marie Weir. The first part of the
course, the lecture series, will start after
the Easter vacation on the Pacific side.
First aid will be the first part of the At-
lantic side program.
Thirty-six Company-Government em-
ployees took a two-day course in radio-
logical defense at the Fort Clayton Dis-
aster Control School. These trainees will
be charged with the duty of radiological
defense (RADEF) in the official Civil
Defense Corps under E. M. Browder, Jr.
Radiological Defense Officer. Another
two-day (two morning sessions) class will
be given on March 23 and 24 as a re-
fresher course for the group which re-
ceived training the past two years.
William Gordon, Civil Defense Instruc-
tor, announced that 50 persons have
registered for first aid training in the
town of Paraiso. Classes to be held every
week-day night will begin this month.

VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS


Worth knowing

New insurance benefits. A 10 percent increase has been made in
the miscellaneous hospital benefits paid to employees under the
Group Hospitalization plan, it was announced late last month.
The coverage under this clause is for such charges as X-rays,
medicines, ambulance service, oxygen, and similar services.
Employees received last month a notice with their pay checks
from the Group Health Insurance Board that increased medical
tariffs would be covered without an increase in premiums. In a
revision of the underwriting agreement with Mutual of Omaha,
another important improvement in the Hospital Insurance plan
has been obtained, the announcement said. This provides for the
removal from the insurance contract, effective February 1, of the
clause which had excluded coverage for hospitalization for con-
genital diseases or defects.


Organization directory. A list of organized employee activities,
such as women's clubs, veteran organizations, professional, social,
and recreational groups, and athletic clubs, will be included in the
New Employees Manual being prepared by the Personnel Bureau.
All Canal Zone organizations to be listed should send names and
addresses promptly to the Personnel Bureau, Box 504, Balboa
Heights.

ROTC building completed. Members of the Reserve Officers Train-
ing Corps Unit in Balboa started using their brand new head-
quarters building last month. Work on the new $87,000 structure


Serv. Center 8:oo p. m.
School 7:30 p. m.
Serv. Center 9:oo a. m.


Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly Al Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone

SW E. POTTER, Governor-President
JoHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor
WILLIAM G. AREY, JR.-
Panama Canal Information Offier ..

J. RuFus HARDY. Editor
ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assislant'Editor
EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers.
ReLtal Stores, and The Tivoli Guest Houe for 10
days after publication date at 5 cehts each. Sub-
scriptlons, $1 a year; mall and back copies. 10
cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan-
mna Canal Company should be mailed to Editor,
he Panpma Canal Review. Balboa Heights C. Z.

March 6, 1959 7


was completed by the Panama contracting firm of Diaz and
Guardia in February when the building was formally accepted by
the Panama Canal Company. The building is an under-one-roof
construction of three one-story masonry buildings. The head-
quarters has two classrooms, an air-conditioned audio-visual room,
an office, armory, and supply room.

Air conditioning. Final tests were being made this week on the
air-conditioning system which is to make the Administration Build-
ing at Balboa Heights a cooler, more comfortable place to work.
The extensive piping, the installation of hundreds of vents, and
the testing of the machinery which makes the new system work
was completed late in February with operational tests taking place
during the last week in the month. The operation of the new
system was initiated on a floor-to-floor basis. The installation of
lighting fixtures and other work included in the modernization
project, are now being completed. Interior painting of the Admin-
istration Building will be started soon on another contract. The
work will be done one floor at a time.


Tax office reopening. Canal Zone tax payers are being reminded
that the Internal Revenue Office, which occupies Room 300 in the
Civil Affairs Building, will reopen March 9 when Andrew Gerda,
Internal Revenue Office Representative, arrives on the Isthmus.
The. office will then be open continuously until after the Canal
Zone tax payment deadline which falls on April 15. Trygve J.
Johnson, another Internal Revenue Agent who was here earlier
this year, will join Mr. Gerda early in April.


Date Town
MARCH
Iz Rainbow City
12 Santa Cruz
x6 Paraiso
APRIL
I Margarita


School


Hour
6:30 p. m.


























Two photographs, taken by Charles McG. Brandi, Assistant Chief of the Civil Engineering Branch, and fitted tc




TO BUILD A BRIDGE


Much thought and planning,
millions of dollars,
many persons, involved
in construction of structure
which will link
northern and southern
m hemispheres


This is how Fourth of July Avenue will look near the J Street intersection.


Elmer B. Stevens, Resident Engineer
8 ^ March 6, 195



































her, along with architect's rendering by Felipe K. Ben, Jr., Architect, show how the completed bridge will look.


During the next three years Isthmians will have a grand-
stand seat for the construction of a bridge which will become
one of the notable structures of the world.
Actual construction on the Canal bridge project got under
way at the first of this year and most of the plans and drawings
are now down in black and white. THE CANAL REVIEW pre-
sents in this issue, by picture and drawing, the principal fea-
,tures of the project from the famous "J" Street intersection
to the bridge's connecting link with Thatcher Highway on
the west side of the Canal where earth moving equipment is
slicing away Farfan Hill for the new west approach.
This pictorial preview was made possible by the skill and
help of the Canal's Official Photographer and personnel in the
Engineering Division.
The second major construction contract for the Canal bridge,
construction of the east approach, was awarded last month
to Bildon, Inc., at a total cost of $897,515. Formal signing of
the contract took place February 17 in Governor Potter's office.
Other current developments of interest in connection with
the bridge are:
The announcement of the appointment of Elmer B. Stevens
as Resident Engineer by Lt. Col. Robert D. Brown, Jr., En-
gineering and Construction Director;
A scheduled meeting of the Board of Consultants on the
bridge this month; and
Plans for the advertisement for bids on the bridge sub-
structure and superstructure.
Before his appointment as Resident Engineer, Mr. Stevens
had been Chief of the Structural Branch in the Engineering
Division. He has been working on bridge plans since the
project was authorized and was in charge of preparing the
first preliminary plans and cost estimates.
The Resident Engineer will have an office and staff at the
bridge site in Engineering and Construction Building 911, the
former La Boca Commissary.
The Board of Consultants is scheduled to have its third
meeting on the Isthmus next Thursday. At this time mem-
bers will review the draft of final plans and specifications for
the substructure and superstructure. Contracts for this work


Farlan Hill looked likethis last month as earth-moving equip-__
ment began to slice it away for the west bridge approach.-0


will be the two largest to be awarded for the project.
The Consultants' meeting will be attended by a represent-
ative of Sverdrup & Parcel, Inc., the St. Louis Engineering
firm designing the bridge and preparing plans.
Members of the Board are: Roland P. Davis, Dean Emer-
itus of the University of West Virginia; Ralph A. Tudor, of
Atherton, Calif., a member of the Panama Canal Company
Board of Directors; Edward A. Burwell, Jr., of Upperville, Va.,
retired Chief Geologist of the Office of the Chief of Engineers;
William A. Bugge, Director of the Department of Highways
of the State of Washington; and Aymar Embury II, Archi-
tect, of New York.
It is presently planned to advertise for bids for the con-
struction of the bridge substructure April 15 and open bids
June 16. The advertisement for bids on the manufacture and
erection of the steel superstructure will start in about six
months with the contract to be awarded this calendar year.


March 6, 1959 9










New world

opens up


for Laura



"Can you spell your name for us,
Laura?" Miss Lillian Baird asked the
little first-grader with the big eyes.
Laura's chubby hand fairly flew into
the recesses of her desk, came up with
a box filled with blunt -pointed, small-
headed nails and an oblong piece of wood
which looked something like an oversize
cribbage board.
While the fingers of her left hand fol-
lowed along the lines of holes, Laura's
right hand began to fit the nails into
them. In less than a minute, she raised
a smiling face. Miss Baird looked down.
"Yes," she said. "Laura, that's it."
Then Laura began to read for her vis-
itors. As her fingers moved over holes
punched in small cards, she announced
proudly that this word was cat and this
one dog, and that this group made a
whole sentence which told about "Puff"
and "Sally."
Laura is a pupil at the Balboa ele-
mentary school. Laura is also a sight-
less child.
Today, she is learning to read and
write in Braille, and a whole new world
is opening up for her.
Laura is one of the Canal Zone children
who are receiving special help through
the Program for Handicapped Children.
She is doing so well that probably, later
on, she will be able to attend some of her
higher grades in the same room with her
classmates.
Right now, Miss Baird is punching
Laura's Braille cards herself. This, and
other helps for sightless children, she
learned during a semester of work at


Laura's fingers fly as she spells out her name in Braille for Miss Lillian Baird.


Wayne University in Detroit last spring.
Miss Baird teaches Laura and her
sightless roommates in a bright, colorful
room at the Balboa school. The gay
decorations may seem a waste of effort
and money in a room for children who
cannot appreciate them, but drab walls
and dark colors absorb what light these
children can perceive. The classroom
furniture is not bolted to the floor but
it is kept in the same position, day after
day, so that the children can find their
way around.
One piece of equipment which seems
incongruous in this classroom is a large
easel, on which Laura and her roommates
fingerpaint with as much enthusiasm as
if they could see what they are doing.
Nor do crayons seem necessary for these
youngsters.
But, Miss Baird explains, fingerpaint-
ing and coloring are tried and true
methods with which small children


blow off steam. Furthermore, by paint-
ing and coloring they are sharing ex-
periences with the classmates they
meet on the playground and whom
they will some day join.
One of the most important things
which these children must learn is di-
rection. Up and down, right and left
have no meaning for them; they have
to be specially taught. So, more than
other teachers, Miss Baird must empha-
size, "a little farther to the right, Laura.
Move your board up a little."
At the present time, the children with
whom Miss Baird is working all come
within the technical and legal definition
of blindness. Later, if there is need, she
will also be able to work with children
with what are known as "visual impair-
ments." Such children would be taught
in sight-saving classes, protected from too
much close eye-work, and helped by spe-
cial techniques and special equipment.


Personnel Experts Visit Canal Zone
Just before the new Canal Zone Merit
S. System went into effect last month,
personnel experts from the United
States and the Canal Zone conferred
here. In addition, the visitors inspected
Canal Zone communities, schools, re-
tail stores, conferred with labor panels.
The experts from the United States,
all of whom are seated in the accom-
panying photograph are, from left:
,a 'ii .Joseph E. Winslow, Administrative As-
sistant to Rocco Siciliano; Mr. Siciliano,
Special Assistant to the President as
advisor for personnel management;
Warren Irons, Executive Director of the
U. S. Civil Service Commission; and
.t Robert Willey, Personnel Director for
the Department of the Army.
.Local personnel experts, all members
of the Canal Zone Civilian Policy Coor-
dinating Board are standing, from left:
Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director,
Panama Canal Company; Col. David
B. Stone, Caribbean Command, Chair-
man of the Board; Commander R. A.
Sexton, 15th Naval District; Edward
Kieloch, Air Force; Robert Donley,
Personnel Director, USARCARIB; and
Gordon Frick, Secretary of the Board.
10 March 6, 1959








Canal's


old gray "mules"


to be replaced by larger, more powerful
locks locomotives with two towing winches


The major locomotive manufacturing
firms in the United States soon will be in-
vited to submit bids for the replacement
of the Panama Canal's "electric mules."
The replacement program, first sched-
uled in 1956, will be the largest single
replacement order ever to be placed for
Canal equipment, despite a major reduc-
tion in the number of towing locomotives
to be bought from that originally sched-
uled. Manufacturers will be asked to
bid on 45 locomotives and three cranes
for normal operations, as compared with
57 locomotives and three cranes for which
bids were received three years ago. An
additional six or seven may be bought for
use when relay lockages are required.
The reduced number of towing loco-
motives to handle the same number


use of two-towline locomotives had
been considered previously, the first
practical test of such a system was
possible only after purchase of the ex-
perimental locomotives.
The locomotives to be bought under
the new contract, scheduled to be awarded
during the latter half of this year, will
differ radically in appearance from those
which have been familiar on the Lock
walls since the Canal was opened. They
will have a longer wheelbase and present
a more streamlined appearance. This lat-
ter condition will be dictated largely by
the use of the double towing winch sys-
tem and the critical need for good visi-
bility fore and aft by the operators.
The new machines will be more than
twice as powerful as the present "mules"

SA


The difference in size between the present towing locomotives and the replace-
ments is shown by this combination of drawing superimposed on photograph.


of ships will be made possible by the
use of two towing winches on each
machine, increased power, and other
technical improvements.
Final specifications for the new towing-
locomotive order are now being com-
pleted following cancellation of the Pan-
ama Canal Company's option to buy
towing devices patterned after the ex-
perimental units purchased from the R.
G. LeTourneau firm. A year's testing of
these devices has shown that the fender
boom cannot be successfully adapted to
Canal use without causing an unaccept-
able reduction in the usable width of
the Locks.
An important innovation tested with
the LeTourneau devices, and a feature
strongly advocated since 1955 by Carl
Girous of the Office of the Chief of
Engineers-the use of two-line tow-
ing-has proved highly satisfactory
with locomotives operating on opposite
lock walls. The LeTourneau prototypes
were originally designed to operate only
from the center wall and were later
changed so that they could be used as
a pair on opposite walls. Although the


with each winch capable of pulling
35,000 pounds in any towing position,
as compared with the 25,000-pound
pull of locomotives in use. The winches
will be mounted on the lower side in-
stead of atop the locomotives and will
be equipped with fairleads to hold tow-
ing cables away from the lock walls.
They will be level-winding winches to
prevent cable overlays and snarls.
They will be powered by 440-volt al-
ternating current, with each set of trucks
driven by separate electric motors. Tests
made at Miraflores Locks during recent
months indicate that 440-volt 60-cycle
current can replace 220-volt 25-cycle
without danger of electrical faults.
The increased speed of the new ma-
chines will be an important factor in
increasing the number of lockages pos-
sible in a day. The locomotives will be
able to tow at one, two, or three miles
an hour, and have return speeds of six
and nine miles per hour. The present
locomotives tow at one or two miles an
hour and have a top return speed of five
miles an hour.
Because of the many changes to be


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11


incorporated in the new locomotives,
the successful bidder will be required
to provide a full-scale wood mock-up
of the entire machine for inspection
prior to beginning actual manufacture.
The delivery of the first of the new
locomotives will not be scheduled until
about 14 months after the award is made.
It is planned to have eight or nine loco-
motives delivered in one order, sufficient
for the east lane of traffic at Gatun Locks.
This will be followed by later deliveries,
for the west lane at Gatun, those for
Pedro Miguel and Miraflores Locks, and
the extra locomotives for relay lockages.
The three locomotive cranes to be pur-
chased will be of the same general design
as the new towing locomotives. Each
will be equipped with 10-ton cranes with
one-ton boom horizontal lifting capacity.
The electric traction units for the cranes
will be manufactured for interchangeabil-
ity with the traction units of the towing
locomotives.
The order for the new towing locomo-
tives will amount to several million dol-
lars and more manufacturers have already
evinced interest than the number of bid-
ders when the replacement order was
first considered in 1956. Only three
heavy-equipment manufacturers entered
offers for the manufacture of 57 locomo-
tives specified in the invitations to bid
three years ago.

OUR COVER
One of the scenes most familiar
to the Isthmian motorist is the busy
street intersection at "The Limits."
Our cover shows how it and Fourth
of July Avenue will look when the
east bridge approach work is com-
pleted. The aerial view was photo-
graphed by C. S. LaClair, Official
Photographer. The exceptional pan-
oramic drawing was done by Felipe
K. Ben, Jr., of the Engineering Divi-
sion. The small picture below shows
the scene as it was at the middle of
February and the material with
which Mr. Ben had to work.


March 6,1959






From frying pan

to deepfreeze
Edward Barlow, formerly controlhouse
supervisor at Miraflores Locks, was re-
cently named Chief of the Operations Di-
vision of the St.
Lawrence Seaway
Development Cor-
poration. In his
new job, he is re-
sponsible for lock
operations, ship
dispatching, and
minor lock mainte-
nance of the new
seaway.
Mr. Barlow is one of two former em-
ployees who hold important positions
with the seaway. The other is Adm. H.
H. McLean, formerly Marine Superinten-
dent. His post is that of Marine Con-
sultant to the Seaway's Administrator
and Assistant Administrator. Admiral
McLean was stationed here from Sep-
tember 1946 to April 1947.
In his new post, Mr. Barlow is en-
countering difficulties which never beset
him in the 36 years he spent with the
Panama Canal's Locks Division. In a
recent Associated Press story, he de-
scribed his shift from the tropical Canal
Zone to the not-so-temperate northern
section of New York State as "jumping
out of the frying pan into a deep freeze."


HUMIDITY FOILED
Powder prevents
stuck-up stamps


If your letters smell faintly of lilac
these days, causing your fancy to
turn to thoughts of romance, calm
yourself. It's probably not the let-
ters at all, it's just the stamp.
Stamps dispensed by Service Cen-
ter vending machines come in large
sheets and must be separated and
placed in small cardboard folders be-
fore they are packed in the machines.
Due to the high humidity in the
tropics the glue sometimes becomes
damp and sticky and the stamps ad-
here to the cardboard. To prevent
this each stamp is now being sprink-
eled lightly with talcum powder-
as Stella Straker is doing above-
before it is folded into the cardboard.
The post offices in the Canal Zone
also sometimes use talcum powder
when packing large orders of stamps.


50 Years Ago

The first concrete in the Canal proper
was poured at the Gatun Dam spillway
on St. Patrick's Day, 50 years ago this
month. In the first day, 122 cubic yards
were laid. When the plant reached its
full capacity, THE CANAL RECORD said,
it would turn out between 300 and 400
cubic yards of concrete every 9-hour
working day.
At Pedro Miguel, the excavation had
progressed to the point where the outline
of the locks and dam was evident. Concrete
pouring was to begin in August.
Meanwhile, the March 1909 excava-
tion broke all records with a total of
3,880,337 cubic yards. The daily average
was 143,716 cubic yards, highest since
the United States began the Canal work.
In his inaugural address, President
William Howard Taft told the nation:
"The Panama Canal will have a most im-
portant bearing upon the eastern and far
western sections of our country and will
greatly increase the facilities between the
eastern and western seaboards." He urged
his listeners to "stand behind the men who
are doing faithful hard work to bring about
the early completion of the greatest
constructive enterprise of modern times."
Speaking in Chicago and coming out
flatly in favor of a lock canal, Col. G. W.
Goethals outlined the Canal's history,
told how its type had been determined,
said the lock canal would cost $475,201,-
000-including its purchase price plus
the cost of sanitation and civil govern-
ment. He estimated that a sea-level
canal would have cost $563,000,000, in-
cluding sanitation and government.

25 Years Ago

The Panama Canal's traffic was really
picking up, 25 years ago this month.
The Panama Canal net tonnage of the
538 commercial vessels which transited
during March 1934, was the highest of
any month of March since the opening
of the Canal, THE PANAMA CANAL REC-
ORD announced with pride. Tonnage for
March 1934, totaled 2,703,372 tons; the
.previous high March net tonnage oc-
curred in 1929 when measurement tons
totaled 2,567,961.
Another record set in March 1934, was
that on the Thatcher Ferry. During the
month the ferry carried 20,455 vehicles and
111,450 passengers, the largest monthly
total of each during the ferry's history.
Pier 15 at Balboa was condemned when
21 cracked caissons made it unsafe. Re-
pairs would cost close to half a million
dollars, but no funds were available.
Zonians who had been cheered by the
Senate vote to restore their 15 percent pay
cut were less jubilant when they learned
that a Senate-House conference had cut
the restoration by five percent. Zonians
would get lack a third of their slashed pay


on February 1, another third on July 1,
and the remaining third at the discretion
of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Several events of international import-
ance occurred 25 years ago this month.
The Republic of Panama declined to
accept the annual check for $250,000 for
the Canal annuity and asked payment
in gold. A few days later, Panama offi-
cials let it be known that they wanted
control of street cleaning and garbage
collection operations in the Republic.
And still later in the month the Panama
Society of International Action presented
a request for revision of the 1903 Treaty
to the President of the United States
and the Speaker of the House of Repre-
sentatives.

10 Years Ago

A year-old order increasing the Pan-
ama Canal tolls to $1 per ton for laden
vessels was postponed by Presidential
proclamation 10 years ago this month.
The postponement, the third, was until
September 1, to allow the House Mer-
chant Marine Committee to make a "full
and complete study of proper tolls levels."
Also in March, 1949, the Hoover
Commission recommended that the Pan-
ama Canal, along with Puerto Rico, Guam,
Hawaii, etc., be placed under the proposed
"Administration of Overseas Affairs."
Two bills to establish a new minimum
wage of 75 cents an hour in the Canal
Zone were presented to Congress in
March 1949. Sponsor of one bill was Rep.
Vito Marcantonio of New York. Rep.
Donald O'Toole, also of New York, pre-
sented the second bill two days later.
Max Brodsky, regional director of Local
713. UPWA-CIO, left the Isthmus after
the Republic of Panama canceled his tem-
porary residence permit. Before his de-
parture, the labor group held a protest rally
at DeLesseps Park on the Zone border.
A well-known Canal Zonian moved
into one of the top spots in the Canal
administration when Eugene C. Lom-
bard was appointed Executive Secretary,
third man to hold this post.
In Washington, two local labor leaders,
Thomas Richardson representing the UP-
WA-CIO and Rufus M. Lovelady, of the
AFGE, told the House Appropriations sub-
committee that housing in the Canal Zone
was deplorable, antiquated, and should be
replaced.

One Year Ago

Consultants to the House Subcommit-
tee on Panama Canal affairs visited the
Canal Zone in March 1958, to look into
plans to increase the waterway's capac-
ity. Meanwhile, the Panama Canal Com-
pany retained the well-known New York
engineering firm of Parsons, Brinckerhoff,
Hall & Macdonald to update plans and
estimates prepared 12 years earlier dur-
ing the Isthmian Canal studies of 1947.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6, 1959


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


March 6,1959






LA BOCA

New Town Rising
on Old Site


The revival of La Boca as a Canal
Zone community is starting this year
with the installation of a new street and
municipal facilities, and construction of
five masonry houses.
The site of the new construction is on
La Boca Road just east of the former
Commissary. The work is being done by
the Engineering Corporation, Inc., of
Panama. The firm was awarded the con-
tract at a cost of $211,838 early in Jan-
uary, with a time limit of 180 days for
completion.
The work done up to now consists
mainly in ground preparation and street
work. The group of houses will be ac-
cessible only from La Boca Road over the
new street being built to replace Marti-
nique Street which ran in front of the
Commissary.
The new community is scheduled for
completion during the fiscal year 1961
when it will have 33 one-family and 30
duplex houses. The proposed street-
plan provides for one main circular
street connected at each end with Bal-
boa Road and a principal street which
will cut diagonally across the center of
the community. The houses will be
located on these and several short,
dead-end streets.
The homes being erected in La Boca
this year are replacements for family
units in Balboa which are to be demol-
ished for the construction of the bridge.
The principal quarters construction in
the revived town will come during the
next two years. A total of $1,440,000
has been budgeted for new construction
and townsite development in La Boca
during the coming fiscal year when 45
family apartments are to be built. The
community is to be finished the following
year with the building of 41 apartments.
The quarters construction program at
La Boca is a major part of the overall
building program provided in the Master
Plan for housing on the Pacific side dur-
ing the next few years. The Master
Housing Plan, described in last August's
issue of THE CANAL REVIEW, calls for
the elimination of all substandard hous-
ing for the permanent U. S. citizen em-
ployees of the Canal organization.
New construction is planned only on
the Pacific side since the requirements for
quarters on the Atlantic side have been
met by the recent transfer of quarters at

Some of the new houses to be built




, -


Rare, Medium, or Well Done ?


"Take the whole leg of a steer," begins the recipe that Joseph
S. Wallace passes on to housewives who would like to cook a
roast like the one that adorns the Sunday night buffet at the Tiv-
oli Guest House.
This mountain of tender succulent roast beef is called a "Steam-
ship Roast." Just where it gets its name no one seems to know,
but Steamship Roasts and Sunday night buffets at the Tivoli are
synonymous to many Zonians.
For those who would like to know just how the roast is cooked
to get such appetizing results, Mr. Wallace, who is Catering
Manager at the Tivoli, gives this recipe:
Place a leg of choice U. S. beef, weighing between 80 and
100 pounds, in a shallow pan and cook for six hours in oven set
at 225 degrees. Turn the meat and cook six more hours. Since
an approximately one-inch layer of fat surrounds the beef, it bastes
itself as the fat slowly melts. No other basting is necessary.
That's all there is to it. Carve it and you have roast beef to
please all guests whether they like it rare, medium, or well done
and there's enough to serve 200 people.


Coco Solo and France Field. In addition
to the La Boca houses, quarters will be
built in Ancon and Balboa under the
Master Plan.
While not a part of the La Boca
townsite development, the new gaso-
line service station is to be built on
La Boca Road only a short distance
from the new houses. A contract for
this work has been awarded to Dillon
Construction Company, low bidder for
the job with an offer of $60,000. Bids
for this work were opened the middle
of last month.
The new service station will replace


in La Boca will follow this


the one now located on Mindi Street. It
is scheduled for completion within about
six months.
The new gasoline station will provide
a modernized service for motorists similar
to the larger service stations in the United
States. This will include a small sales
store for batteries and other accessories,
and provision for car washing, tire chang-
ing, and battery rental.

Joint Service Crusade
Now Under Way In Zone


Sealed envelopes containing contri-
butions to the Federal Service Joint
design. Crusade are beginning to flow into
:- local banks. The banks will open the
envelopes and credit the contents of
each to the agencies in the campaign.
These are: CARE, Crusade for Free-
dom and the American Korean Foun-
dation, gifts for which are made in
one envelope, and the Canal Zone
Chapter of the National Tuberculosis
Foundation, which has its own en-
velope.
The campaign opened February 23
and will close April 4. Approximately
500 keymen in the Canal organization
distributed materials on the campaign
and envelopes for the contributions
throughout Canal units within the
past 10 days. No quotas have been set
and no payroll deductions are being
made.







ANNIVERSARIES


1- 35 YEARS-


"Panama Canal Review" readers can
join its staff this month in congratulating
on his significant service date, one of the
men responsible for its month-by-month ap-
pearance for the past nine years.


25 YEARS
Two of the six employees who reached
the quarter-century mark in service during
last month are natives of the Canal Zone.
All but one have continuous Canal service.
The Canal Zone natives are Mrs. Mar-
cella G. Green, Clerical Assistant in the
Division of Schools; and David J. Burkett,
Dipper Dredge Mate in the Dredging Di-
vision. Both were born in Ancon.
Mrs. Green came to the Canal organiza-
tion as a clerk in the Division of Schools
and most of her service has been with that
division.
All of Mr. Burkett's service has been with
the Dredging Division where he was first
employed as an artisan, February 27, 1934.
Others whose service with the Canal or-
ganization is continuous are listed below:
Walter R. Fender, Steam Engineer II
with the Terminals Division, is a native of
Southgate, Ky. He began work for the
Canal organization October 12, 1942, as a
clerk-typist with what was then the Supply
Department.
Marie V. Hayes, Telephone Operator of
the New York Office of the Panama Canal
Company, completed 25 years of unbroken
service with the Company on February 15.
Robert B. Sager has had continuous serv-
ice with the Engineering Division. He first
came to work for the Canal as a structural
designer with the unit when it was desig-
nated as the Office Engineering Division.
His present position is Structural Engineer.
Bristolville, Ohio, is Mr. Sager's home town.
Manuel A. Smith, whose service is not
continuous, is a Texan, born in El Paso.
He has held several different jobs including
photographer, civil engineer, and survey and
cartographic engineer. Mr. Smith is present-
ly employed as Meteorological Aid in the
Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch.
20 YEARS
Six men, two with continuous service,
were added last month to the list of em-
ployees who have chalked up 20 years of
Government service.
Frederick W. Holmberg, of Milbury,
Mass., Customs Inspector, has continuous
service which has all been with the Cus-
toms Division. He first came to work for
the Canal as a customs guard.
Rudolph W. Rubelli is a native of Phil-
adelphia, Pa. He began his service, which
has all been with the Navigation Division,
as a towboat master. He is now a Panama
Canal pilot.
The four 20-year men whose service is
not continuous are listed alphabetically:
G. Clair Lawrence, of Carlisle, Pa., is a


MAN OF THE MONTH


He is John Barthold Coffey who
holds the title of Printing Press Group
Chief of the Panama Canal Printing Plant.
Although he was born in Jersey. City, he
can claim more years here than most native-
born Zonians. He arrived on the Isthmus
before his first birthday and attended Colon
and Canal Zone schools, joining the Print-
ing Plant staff for the first time in Feb-
ruary 1920. His first vacation job was as
"boy" but he later learned the printer's trade
from the bottom up. He was promoted to his
present position, second in the organiza-
tion, in December 1956.
Although he keeps an eagle eye on printing
problems for "The Review" and countless
other typographical jobs while on duty,
much of his attention in outside hours is
devoted to boating and fishing. He owns
a boat and is Commodore of the Cristobal
Yacht Club.


Relief Chauffeur with the Motor Transpor-
tation Division. He is an alternate driver
for the Governor-President.
Oliver G. Paterson, Automotive Machin-
ist with the Motor Transportation Division,
has spent all of his 20 years of Canal service
in transportation. He is a native of Wol-
laston, Mass., and began work for the Canal
February 6, 1939 as an apprentice with the
Motor Transportation Division.
Howard J. Toland is a Policeman with the
Police Division. Mr. Toland was first em-
ployed in the Canal organization on New
Year's Day 1942. His home town is Wash-
ington, Pa.
Walter C. Watts has served his entire 20
years with the Locks Division where he
began his Canal employment as a machin-
ist. His present position is General Me-
chanical Foieman III. Mr. Watts was born
in Elkridge, Md.
15 YEARS
Fifteen employees celebrated 15 years of
service during February. Six women, rep-
resenting six different divisions, are among
those listed. The women, their home towns,
and their jobs are:
Mrs. Dorris L. Chollar, of Gunsight, Tex.,
Library Assistant in the Canal Zone Li-
brary; Lydia Czapek, Crawford, N. J.,
General Illustrator, Engineering Division;
Mrs. Dorothy S. Leach, Gulfport, Miss.,
Clerk-Typist, Electrical Division; Mrs.
Edith Mathieson, Mulberry, Ark., Clerk-
Stenographer, Customs Division; Mrs.
Helen McKeown, Brooklyn, N. Y., Sup-
ervisory Accounting Assistant, Payroll
Branch; and Katherine Taliercio, Cass,
W. Va., Staff Nurse at Gorgas Hospital.
Two policemen and a native-born Zonian
are among February's 15-year men. The
policemen are H. W. Dempsey, Sr., of
Munford, Ala.; and James L. Dunn, New
York, N. Y. The Canal Zone native is
Armando Cruz, Boilermaker in the Indus-
trial Division who was born at Camp Gail-
lard, an early-day Army post.
Other 15-year men are: Roscoe S. Bur-
gess, of DeSoto Mo., Wood and Steel Car
Inspector; Joseph W. Casey, Columbus,
Ohio, Armature Winder Foreman, Electri-
cal Division; Everett H. Lippincott, Calis-
toga, Calif., Guard, Customs Division;
Thomas C. Robertson, El Paso, Tex., Elec-
trical Distribution Foreman in the Electri-
cal Division; Lawrence J. Ryan, New York,
N. Y., Wireman, Electrical Division; and
James F. Sherer, of Bucyrus, Ohio, Oper-
ator Mechanic Foreman, Power Branch.


54 YEARS
First to receive a diamond-set
service pin in January was William
Jump, the Industrial Division's
Timekeeper. The honor came from
his seniority in service, having accu-
mulated at that time all but a few
days of a 54-year record when
handed his pin and service certifi-
cate by the Canal Company's Board
Chairman, George H. Roderick.
His anniversary of 54 years of
continuous service came on Feb-
ruary i. His name has also headed
the "Canal Review's" anniversary
list now for several years since all
those with 40 or more years of
service are listed year-by-year.
With -the Civil Service retirement
provisions now extended to all em-
ployees, Mr. Jump can now lay
claim to the all-time longest con-
tinuous service record in the Canal
organization. Under existing retire-
ment regulations, no employee could
better or equal his record.
A native of Gorgona, Canal Zone,
Mr. Jump started his Canal career
at the age of 15 with the Mechan-
ical (now Industrial) Division, and
all of his service has been with
that unit.

January Correction
The CANAL REVIEW mistakenly changed
jobs for two of January's 15-year men.
They didn't, and are still working at their
same jobs: Donald H. Secrest as Window-
Clerk in the Postal Division, and Waldemar
Zirkman as Lock Operator in the Locks
Division.



RETIREMENTS

Retirement certificates were presented
the end of February to the following em-
ployees who are listed alphabetically, with
their birthplaces, positions, years of Canal
service, and their future addresses:
Edwin B. Cain, New Jersey; Sergeant,
Police Division; 22 years, 11 months, 20
days; New Jersey.
Louis A. Kaufer, Minnesota; Accountant,
Industrial Division; 36 years, 4 months, 13
days; California.
Roy J. Misenheimer, North Carolina;
Marine Machinist, Dredging Division; 15
years, 11 months, 18 days, Canal Zone
Glenn W. Redmond, Wisconsin, Shipfit-
ter, Industrial Division; 20 years, 4 months,
23 days; future address unknown.
Worden R. Waites, Arkansas; Cash Reg-
ister Repairman; Industrial Division; 12
years, 2 months, 25 days; Canal Zone.


FROM CRISTOBAL
Ancon ..............-----------------------_ March 5
Cristobal_ _. March 14
Ancon -....-.--... ....--. March 21
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal ------.....---------------. March 6
Ancon ------..... -----------------..........March 13
Cristobal -------............... March 24
Ancon .--------------------- March 31
Southbound ships which leave New York Friday
are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti.
Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after
clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from
Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear
Cristobal Wednesday.


14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Mcrch 6, 1959







M MEMORIES


- revived


by souvenirs of construction days


Memories of Construction Days-gala
Tivoli dances, and Canal Zone auctions-
are brought to mind by the souvenirs of
by-gone days which Mrs. Daniel Wright,
of St. Petersburg, Fla., has contributed
to the Canal Zone Library-Museum.
Oldtimers and students of the early
history of the Canal will be particularly
interested in a silver bon-bon dish which
is believed to have belonged to the De-
Lesseps household during the French con-
struction period. The dish, which Mrs.
Wright bought at a Balboa auction many
years ago, soon will be placed on display
at the Canal Zone Museum in the Civil
Affairs Building along with other items
contributed by old timers.
A formal gown which Mrs. Wright
wore to a Tivoli Ball in the early 1900's
is another interesting item she donated.
The dress of flowered crepe de Chine
closely resembles the empire styles of
today and though tattered and faded
gives a good idea of what was worn by
the well-dressed lady of 1910.
Colonel and Mrs. Wright came to the
Canal Zone June 6, 1904 when Colonel


Edelin Price, whose great-great-grand-
father came to the Isthmus in 1860,
is holding a silver dish dating from
the French construction period which
was recently donated to the Museum.


Wright was employed as a rodman with
the Panama Railroad. Later he served
as Municipal Engineer.
Articles which Mrs. Wright has sent
to the Museum are souvenirs she collected
between 1904 and May 31, 1921 when
they left the Isthmus.
Other items include a silver candlela-
brum, also bought at a Balboa auction,
and several favors from early-day parties.
One of the more interesting of the souve-
nirs is a Panama Railroad spike fashioned
into a letter opener.
Mrs. Wright became interested in the
Museum when she and Colonel Wright
returned to the Zone for the observance
of the Roosevelt Centennial. Several
other oldtimers who came down at this
time brought along programs, favors,
and various small mementos which
they contributed to the Museum.
Such items are needed for the Con-
struction Days display and anyone who
has mementos which he would like to
contribute should get in touch with Mrs.
Eleanor Burnham, Curator of the Mu-
seum, who will provide packing and ship-
ping information.


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS I


Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between January 15 and February
15 are listed below. Within-grade promo-
tions are not reported.
CANAL ZONE CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT
OFFICE
Mrs. Verna A. Barnett, Clerk Stenogra-
pher, from Navigation Division to Canal
Zone Central Employment Office.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mrs. Helen S. Witkin, from Substitute
Teacher to Elementary and Secondary
School Teacher, Division of Schools.
Walter H. Alves, Jr., from Police Ser-
geant to Motorcycle Sergeant, Police Di-
vision.
Fredelick A. Mohl, from Fire Sergeant
to Clerical Assistant, Fire Division.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Mrs. Nancy L. Jorstad, from Clerk Sten-
ographer to Travel Expense Claims Exam-
iner, General Audit Division.
Mrs. Shirley A. Musselman, from Travel
Expense Claims Examiner to General Ac-
counting Clerk, General Audit Division.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Maintenance Division
Max M. Schoch, Peter A. Warner, Mur-
rel L. Dodd, and Vernon C. Douglas, from
Lead Road Construction Foreman to Lead
Public Works Foreman.
Other T. Brownlee, from Lead Heavy
Labor Foreman to Lead Public Works
Foreman.
Murphy B. Alexander, from Lead Road
Maintenance Foreman to Lead Public Works
Foreman.
Carl L. Simons, from Lead Paving and


January 15 through February 15

Heavy Labor Foreman to Lead Public
Works Foreman.
Ray Caldwell, from General Foreman III
to Chief Foreman.
Sherman A. Hammond, from Lead Fore-
man III to General Foreman.
Estle H. Davison, from Pumping Plant
Operator II to Heavy Equipment Operator.
Paree L. Roland, from Lead Foreman II
to General Foreman.
DeLeon Tschumy, from Pumping Plant
Operator II to Maintenance Machinist.

Harry E. Pearl, from Civil Engineer to
Construction Management Engineer, Con-
tract and Inspection Division.
Victor C. Melant, from Supervisory Cleri-
cal Assistant to Administrative Assistant,
Dredging Division.
HEALTH BUREAU
Harry A. Dunn, from Medical Technician
to Supervisory Medical Technologist, Board
of Health Laboratory.
Mrs. Martha R. McLelland, from Staff
Nurse (Pediatrics), Gorgas Hospital to
Staff Nurse (Medicine and Surgery), Coco
Solo Hospital.
MARINE BUREAU
Robert G. Peterson, from Safety Inspec-
tor to Supervisory Administrative Assistant,
Navigation Division.
Robert K. Adams, from Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, Pacific Locks, to General
Docking and Undocking Foreman, Naviga-
tion Division.
Mrs. Mary L. Peterson, from Staff Nurse,
Coco Solo Hospital, to Head Nurse, Indus-
trial Division.
L. Leroy Barfield, from Locomotive En-


March 6, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


gineer, Railroad Division, to Lock Opera-
tor II, Locks Division.
John J. Sproul, from Guard to Guard
Supervisor, Locks Division.
Karl W. Shirley, from Marine Inspection
Assistant to Admeasurer, Navigation Di-
vision.
Allen R. Flinn, from Wireman Foreman
to Control House Operator, Locks Division.
Arnold W. Jackson, from Wireman to
Wireman Foreman I, Locks Division.
Joseph M. Vandergrift, from Control
House Operator to Lockmaster, Locks Di-
vision.
Mrs. Bernadine C. Lally, from Stenog-
rapher, Executive Planning Staff, to Clerk
Stenographer, Navigation Division.
James A. Fraser, from Apprentice Cable-
splicer, Electrical Division, to Towing Lo-
comotive Operator, Locks Division.
Joseph P. Hawthorne, from Operator II
to Towing Locomotive Operator, Locks Di-
vision.
Herman Wakem, from Guard to Towing
Locomotive Operator, Locks Division.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Ronald Seeley, from Position Classifier,
Wage and Classification Division, to Per-
sonnel Assistant, Office of the Chief, Em-
ployment and Utilization Division.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
Promotions which did not involve change
in: title follow:
John F. Shannon and Waldo B. Gilley,
Lead Public Works Foremen, Maintenance
Division.
George A. Wills, General Foreman,
Maintenance Shops, Maintenance Division.
Mrs. Ruth B. T. Elders, Physical Thera-
pist, Health Bureau.
Walter E. Marek, John A. Snodgrass,
James F. Ahearn, Samuel J. Garriel, Ken-
neth E. Marcy, William W. Spencer, Ralph
L. Sell, Nelson 0. Williar, Pete' T. Cor-
rigan, William J. Carson, and Charles J.
Roth-Roffy, Jr., Lead Foremen, Quarters
Maintenance, Maintenance Division.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


March 6,1959







4 0K. /,,..v. 7. .
... AND Sf!P.PlNG i
"4S"" Sill:"' "' "PS .... 7


New Record
Canal traffic for ocean-going commer-
cial ships set a record for daily average
transits in February and would have
broken the monthly traffic record had
February been two days longer. The
daily average transits was 28.29, com-
pared to 26.65 for the previous record
month of January. On February 16, 35
ocean-going commercial ships made the
Canal transit, three below the all-time
record of 38 commercial transits set
October 26, 1934.
Grace Liner Conversion
Two Grace Line C-2 type freighters,
the Santa Leonor and Santa Eliana, which
are to be converted to lift-on, lift-off
container vessels, are scheduled to arrive
at the Canal from the U. S. West Coast
early in April en route to Baltimore where
the conversion work will be started by
the Maryland Shipbuilding & Drydock
Company.
Each vessel will be lengthened approx-
imately 45 feet and will have a capacity
of 382 containers below decks and 94 on
deck. Each will have gantry cranes on
the forward section and one aft for lift-
ing the containers.
The two ships, which will probably be
ready for their new service in about six
months, will be placed by the Grace Line
in the Caribbean and South American
service. It will mark the first use of con-
tainer ships in foreign trade by an Amer-
ican company.
PC To Build Launches
Two new 40-foot all-steel boarding
launches, the first to be built in the Canal
Zone for several years, will be constructed
soon by the Industrial Division in Cris-
tobal. Designs for the new craft are being
made by Philip Rhodes, well-known New
York naval architect. Each launch will
be powered by a GM 6-71 engine and
will have a speed of 16 knots. After their
completion, one each will be assigned for
service in Cristobal and Balboa.

New-Type Dipper Stick
A laminated wood core dipper stick,
the first of its kind to be constructed in
the Canal Zone, has been completed by

TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN JANUARY


1958
Commercial --------------744
U. S. Government -------- 24
Total ---------- 768
TOLLS*


1959
826
9
835


1958 1959
Commercial- --- $3,380,016 $3,927,554
U. S. Government 87,616 53,043
Total- -$3,467,632 $3,980,597
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.
CARGO (long tons)
1958 1959
Commercial --- 3,735,448 4,365,226
U. S. Government 85,971 42,546
Total- 3,821,419 4,407,772


Thousands of Isthmian residents will
have an opportunity to visit the Japan-
ese floating industry fair which is due to
arrive in Balboa from Japan March 29,
aboard the Atlas Maru. The 10,000-ton
vessel will be docked at Pier 16 in Balboa
and will remain in port until April 2.
The Fair display will be inaugurated
the day after the ship's arrival with a
reception to be given on board for high
government officials of Panama and the
Canal Zone. The exhibit then will be
opened to local residents holding invita-


the Industrial Division in Cristobal for
the dipper dredge Cascadas. Formerly,
the dipper sticks, an essential part of any
dipper dredge, were assembled here with
a solid wood core. The new laminated
wood core is expected to make the new
dipper sticks not only stronger but longer
lived. The new-type core, brought to the
Canal Zone from the West Coast of the
United States, is 80 feet long and 19
inches by 27 inches in width. At the
Industrial Division, it was clad on all
four sides with two-inch steel plating,
bolted to the wood core to form a girder.
A second dipper stick will be assembled
soon at the Industrial Division to be used
as a spare by the Cascadas. The recently
completed stick was picked up in Cris-
tobal by the crane boat Atlas and trans-
ported to the Dredging Division in Gam-
boa where it was installed on the Cascadas.
New Cuba Service
A new direct service between the Pa-
cific Coast ports and Cuba was started
in January by the Nippon Yusen Kaisha
Line vessels which make regular trips
through the Panama Canal en route to
Gulf ports. The New York Maru made
the first call at Havana and is being fol-
lowed in the service by the Yokohama
Maru. The NYK Line ships on the new
service are equipped to complete the run
from San Francisco to Havana in 11 days,
the fastest West Coast-Cuba transit now
offered. All ships will include Miami,
Tampa, New Orleans, and other Gulf
ports in their itinerary, it was announced
by Norton, Lilly & Co., local agents.


tions or admission tickets from the Jap-
anese Embassy in Panama. Visiting
hours will be from 9 a. m. until 12 noon
and from 6 until 9 p. m.
The Atlas Maru, carrying an exhibit
of leading Japanese industrial products,
is making Panama the second stop on a
'round-Latin-American tour which will
include calls at 12 ports and 11 countries
in Central and South America. After
leaving Balboa, the vessel will make the
Canal transit north and sail for Barran-
quilla, Colombia.


New Lykes Line Ship
The keel of the third of 53 new cargo
ships included in the $500 million 14-year
shipbuilding program begun recently by
the Lykes Brothers-%Steamship Company
will be laid in March by the Ingalls Ship-
building Corporation in"Pascagoula, Miss.
The Ingalls Company is building five of
the nine vessels for which contracts have
already been let. Delivery of the new
ships is scheduled for early in 1960.
A large number of the Lykes Line
freighters are regular customers of the
Canal, with at least 10 ships of the fleet
making trips through the Canal on their
way from Gulf ports to the Far East.
Maiden Voyage
Another addition to the fleet of Bakke
ships operated by Knut Knutsen of
Haugesund, Norway, on the European
West Coast of South America. service
transited the Canal last month on the
homeward-bound lap of her maiden voy-
age. The ship was the Gudrun Bakke, the
first of two cargo liners of a somewhat
new type for the Knutsen group.
With a service speed of 18 knots, the
new ship has a deadweight capacity of
10,450 tons, is 506 feet in length, and
can carry general as well as refrigerated
cargo. The vessel has three holds forward
and four aft of the engine room with
'tweendeck spaces in the forecastle and
a trunked hatch through the poop. Ac-
commodations are available for,12jpas-
sengers in air-conditionedrcabins. The
Bakke ships are represented at the Canal
by C. B. Fenton & Company.


16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6, 1959


Floating Fair




Full Text

PAGE 1

PANAMA CANAL Vol. 9, No. 8 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, MARCH 6, 1959 5 cents K 77 -~4 ~ I aU jjIs,;

PAGE 2

LIVABILITY Livability has a highly individualistic The livability program was developed meaning to the millionaire a mansion, principally through the cooperation of to the hermit a good, clean cave. the Civic Councils. The need for such A common denominator has been found a program was clearly evident after the for livability for comparatively large new Rainbow City houses were built. groups of Canal employees with the reWhile the houses were a vast improvesult that many are now getting improved ment over the old Camp Coiner, Camp kitchens, water heaters, tiled bathrooms, Bierd, and Silver City quarters, occupaved patios, or jalousies on weatherpants soon found to their dismay that exposed windows at very low cost. tropical downpours on the Atlantic The Canal Company is spending side came right into the weather-exabout $150,000 this fiscal year on the posed windows and ruined furniture livability program and another $150,and interior finishes. 000 is budgeted for the coming year. Later, as the housing replacement proThe livability program consists in the gram advanced, more employees remain of making relatively minor imquested changes of a similar nature for provements to quarters desired by ocother types of quarters. cupants on a group basis. Since it is As a result of these requests, Governor being done on a wholesale basis, indiPotter asked the Civic Councils in both vidual costs are kept relatively low and the Latin American and United States these can be covered by small rental communities to canvass their constituents increases spread over a long period, and report on improvements which were The livability program, now developed most commonly desired. with definitive policy and planning, is This was followed by the establishment the outgrowth of many years of hapof a definite rental rate increase, which hazard improvements done on an mdiis 60 cents a month for each $100 spent vidual basis. on improvements. Since the first houses were built for Canal workers in the construction period, Last year after some of the main feaemployees-or more likely their wivestures of the livability program had been have found things they didn't like or outlined, the Governor appointed a spesome change they wanted made. Until cial committee to develop the program the present program was developed, such fully. This committee is composed of improvements required specific authoriJ. C. Randall, Chief of the Community zation. After that was obtained the imServices Division as Chairman, J. M. provements might be made if the indiCooke, Designing Engineer, and L. B. vidual paid the full cost; on the basis of Magnuson, Chief of the Budget and a rental increase; or by an agreement to Rates Division. restore the house to its pristine condition. The Livability Program Committee has While these conditions continue to prejust submitted its first formal report and vail in special cases where an improvea definite policy under which the program ment is not likely to be desired by a large is to be administered in the future. group of employees occupying the same The report showed that $48,550 has type of quarters, the present livability been committed this year to patio improgram covers many improvements comprovements in United States towns; monly desired. Thus, employees are re$20,634 to installations of jalousies; lieved of many details required in plan$4,027 for tiling; and $4,050 to kitchen ning and execution and the improvements cabinets. The balance of funds will be are made at a modest cost to the employee. used for additional tile work, patio exAbove: Glass louvres which let in the light but keep out the rain in the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Detamore. Here, daughter Kathy takes a look. Second from top: Worker prepares to pour concrete for patio addition and sidewalk at the home of Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Perry, of 5775-B, Diablo Heights. Third from top: Claudette Sawyer relaxes in the basement of her home in Paraiso. Paving of basements has provided extra utility and recreation space. At far left: Hot water heaters are an important part of the livability program. This is one of the many which were installed recently in housing in Paraiso. At left: This new sidewalk not only connects the patio to the front of their house but also makes a play-place for the Walter Allen children, of Diablo Heights. ITR 2THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6, 1959

PAGE 3

means paved patios, tiled bathrooms, improved kitchens, water heaters, window jalousies -at small increased rents tensions, and other patio improvements. its scope. The Livability Program Cominvolved through increased rent; that The Committee is returning to U. S.mittee has now outlined the general feaany improvement made to the quarters citizen occupants all requests for imtures of the program and developed a be of such character that it would be provements on which no action was pospolicy statement under which it will be generally acceptable to a future tenant; sible during this fiscal year due to the administered. Because of the widespread that high consideration be given to limited funds available They, along with interest in the livability program, the such improvements that would extend others who may be interested, are being Committee's statement is quoted in full: the useful life of the quarters; that no requested to re-submit their requests for "The administration of a program of alterations be made to quarters that work to be considered during the coming improving livability of quarters on a are scheduled for demolition within fiscal year. Requests will be received in long-range basis must necessarily follow the next ten years; that rental increase the Housing Offices during the period a reasonable and sound policy. Personwill be at the rate of 60 cents a month between March 15 and April 1, 1959. alities, friendships, ratings, grades, and per $100; that no alteration totaling Those occupants who have received quarseniority wiil not enter into the execumore than $1,000 be made to quarters ters improvements may submit their retion of the program. All alterations to until such time that it is apparent that quests for additional items; however, quarters should be based on sound ecothe requested alterations costing less preference will probably be given to those nomic principles. Many of the quarters than $1,000 will not exhaust the funds who have not benefited under this year's in the Canal Zone can be improved in then available; that improvement to program. some respect or other, and the Company executive and officially assigned quarNew forms will be attached to those gain by an improved structure, and yet ters be given out-of-line consideration being returned for revision and re-subthe tenant be perfectly happy about payfor improvement under the program; mission. Other occupants interested may ing a higher rent for the benefits derived that an effort be made to minimize obtain the form at the Housing Office or from the improvement; other quarters the cost of improvements to the renter submit their request by letter. have reached such a state of obsolescence by grouping the maximum number of Only those requests received during and deterioration that the recovery of units possible of a given type of imthe period of March 15 to April 1 will the cost of improvements made now provement into a single contract packbe considered in the preliminary planwould be doubtful or impossible. In any age; that the timing of execution of the ning. Action on subsequent requests will event, the order in which alterations are work, consistent with the obligation of depend upon the availability of funds. made must be based on a series of rules available funds within a given fiscal In the Latin American communities, which are predicated on a sound Comyear, be delegated to the Engineering $20,000 has been earmarked for jalouspany policy. and Construction Director, in order ies; $39,800 for water heaters; and $3,600 Policy that execution of this policy be delehas been spent on basement paving. "To fulfill the desires of the tenant gated to a committee consisting of the While the livability program has been within the limits of funds made availChief, Community Services Division, widely publicized, there are many emable for this purpose, so long as he is Chairman; Designing Engineer, and ployees who are not fully informed on willing to pay for the improvement the Chief, Budget and Rates Division." Extending and roofing the patio of the D. A. Yerkes quarters in Diablo Heights cost $524.05, adds about 750 rent weekly.

PAGE 4

Speeded=up Study High School principal, who told them that their son or daughter had been ."""""""""""""""'""""""""""""". placed in one or more of the special groups. The parents' reaction was invarIn physics class ibyfvrbe Alex Perez-Venero, The advanced achievement students do left, and Pat Tate more work and work of a higher quality prove the world in the special groups than would norreally rotates mally be expected of their contemporaries. They do not do work beyond their on an axis. grade level; a junior student, for instance, does not move ahead of his grade into senior class work. In English, provided he is in the adThe "advanced achievement" sections James B. Conant, President Emeritus of vanced achievement section for this subwhich were established for junior and Harvard University, this group studied ject, he writes more--and better-themes senior students at Balboa High School problems involved in finding and educaand essays, and does more-and stifferearly this school year have been so sucting these pupils all over the country. outside reading than his classmates. He cessful that the plan is to be extended Early this year, 47 Balboa High School does not study any material which is innext year to students in the high school's students were placed in advanced eluded in the senior class schedule. sophomore class and if possible to Grade 9. achievement classes. Some were in Inasmuch as high schools do not This year students in these advanced only one group, some in as many as give credit hours for courses, other than groups have been doing speeded-up four. Of the 47, 21 were high school to say that the student has completed work in solid geometry, intermediate seniors and 26 were in the junior year. a certain number of units in each subalgebra, English, United States history, By boys and girls, they split fairly ject, the advanced achievement stuphysics, and chemistry. evenly-26 boys and 21 girls. Boys led, dents get no extra credit for their Next year, advanced sections are to be 17-9, among junior students but in the work. Transcripts of their grades added for students in plane geometry, advanced achievement sections for the which are sent to the colleges they sophomore English, and biology. Modern seniors, the girls outnumbered the hope to enter or to schools to which world history may also be added to the list. boys, 12 to 3. At the end of the semesthey may transfer will, however, inLast month school officials sat down to ter, very few of the original 47 were clude a notation that they have been discuss the program, review what has dropped and nine additional students in advanced achievement sections. been done so far, and see what can be were entered in these groups. The advanced sections are taught by (lone in the future to develop what naThe students were selected for the adregular teachers. One English teacher tional educators call "academically talvanced achievement classes on the basis who ordinarily is scheduled for five classes ented" students. These students, who are of teacher approval, their previous school now has four regular classes and one adcapable of studying abstract subjects in a records, and their intelligence as shown vanced achievement section. more advanced form than their classmates, by standard tests. These advanced sections, which are have been called the "great underdevelNo advance publicity was given to the now being added in high schools throughoped natural resources of the nation." advanced achievement classes and even out the United States are feasible, without The program instituted here last fall the students in them did not know for added cost, only in schools with fairly is in line with a recommendation from about a month that the work they were large enrollment. The plan is possible the National Education Association foldoing differed from their classmates, in at Balboa, with an enrollment of over lowing a conference of 200 outstanding other sections of the same subjects. At 1,100 but impossible--without extra exeducators and laymen in Washington last this time, the parents of each student rependiture-at Cristobal where there is February. Under the chairmanship of ceived a letter from T. F. Hotz, Balboa about a third that number of students. In the chemistry laboratory, advanced achievement students conduct experiments under the watchful eye of Walter Fischer 4HA A 4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6, 1959

PAGE 5

here is scotty only painting pumping whistle blower "I tell people when to go to work and and sent everyone back to work ahead when to stop," says Hugh "Scotty" Linn. of time. Fellow workers still remind And, as whistle blower at the Cristobal him of this and often suggest that he Drydock, that's exactly what he does. should make a mistake in the other Officially Mr. Linn operates the Drydirection and let them off early to dock's pumping plant but he is better make up for his former error. known to most employees as the whistle The pumping plant provides air for blower because he also blows the mornthe pneumatic equipment used in drying, noon-day, and afternoon whistles. docking operations at Cristobal. The His day begins at 6:30 in the morning monotonous sound of the machinery has when he arrives at the Drydock area, a somewhat hypnotic effect and Mr. Linn ahead of other workers, to blow the is glad to have the responsibility of the first whistle of the day. At 6:55, he whistle to keep him alert. blows the "get ready" whistle and five After 10 years i the plant, his ear minutes later the whistle that marks are so attuned to the machinery that he the beginning of the workday. The can detect trouble immediately. As he next whistle is at 10:55, followed by listens with a keen ear to the whirr of the lunchtime signal. the pumps he paints safety posters. A At 11:55 he blows another "get ready,, serious artist, he also paints as a hobby whistle and follows aniterh the backand has won prizes in local contests. wistlwre a follows this h th baScotty's thick Scottish burr leaves no to-work one at 12 o'clock. His last doubt as to his homeland. He is a native whistle of the day is at 4 o'clock. of Glasgow. He went to sea for a number The blasts before working time are of years and visited many countries befive seconds long while the ones sigfore he decided to settle in the Canal nailing work hours are a full ten seconds. Zone. On July 6, 1939 he joined the To blow the compressed-air whistle, Canal organization and has held his presMr. Linn pulls a brass ring, about four ent position of Engineman since August inches in diameter, which is connected 25, 1957. He now lives at Margarita to a long brass tube. Elbow grease keeps with his wife and five children. the tube and ring bright and shiny. Mr. Linn is not the only whistleIn his ten years of whistle blowing, blower in the Canal organization but Scotty has made only one mistake. He he is probably the only painting, pumppulled the ring prematurely one day ing, whistle blower on the Isthmus. Past, Present and Future Four men talked of old times, present times, and the future H. Esslinger, the Canal's Chief Hydrographer, at right, also when they got together here during the meeting of the talked of past, present, and future things. Mr. Critchlow Panel of Consultants for the House Merchant Marine and served as Chief Hydrographer during the Canal construction Fisheries Committee on the interoceanic canal plans early period. They are shown examining an obsolete water-stage last month. register to measure tides and the Canal's water supply. HyGovernor Potter and Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, at left bedrography is an important factor in the operation of the Canal low, had a chance to talk of their early Army Engineer days now and in the future. on the Sultan survey of the Nicaraguan Canal in the late 20's; Other panel members attending the conferences in the Zone present-day operations and problems of the Panama Canal; last month were Hartley Rowe, also a construction-day emand what the future holds for international commerce in the ployee, and John E. Slater. With the panel during their visit way of a canal through the American Isthmus. was Bernard J. Zincke, Counsel for the Merchant Marine and Howard T. Critchlow, Staff Director of the panel, and W. Fisheries Committee. .. 4A

PAGE 6

Secretary of Army Amends Regulations Governing Leave For the first time in the history of the FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION Panama Canal organization, employees are now able to "borrow" against future leave. The change was one in a series of amendments to the leave system which E X P E R INE N C E became effective February 22, in an order signed by Secretary of the Army Wilber Brucker on F'ebruary 17. Brceonerar1-HAP HAZARD HAP HAZARD The "borrowing" provision of the _ _ H leave amendment enables an employee to take leave which he has not earned but which will accrue to him during IoUAy OKN SON'S IOS the current leave year, on the condiYO DONI T ONE ON j tion that this be "paid back" in leave KNOW 'LLO\ earned after he returns to work or be 4?( refunded in cash should he resign or be separated from the service. This provision applies to all employees of the organization regardless of citizenship. Another provision applicable to all employees is the institution of a uniform leave date, which will occur early in January each year. The uniform leave year thereby created is expected to simplify timekeeping for leave purposes and enable the various Canal units to schedule leave for their employees without having to take into consideration the previous individual service dates. Another major change in the leave NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL. regulation is an increase of 44 hours in the amount of leave which non-United States citizens can accumulate. Prior to TODAY: Experience teaches us thatFebruary 22, non-U. S. citizen employees Most folks ignore it once they've gotten it. could accrue up) to only 416 hours; under amended regulations, these emIt isn't good experience to be injured in an accident. ployees may accumulate leave without Many things learned by accident, we shouldn't have learned at all. restriction except for the limitation of Your best friend will run over you on the highway. 460 hours at the beginning of each leave When you do have an accident-you have ignored experience. year. Also, for the first time, the leave fhe you n to he inored i ee system becomes uniform for all nonIt's better to keep your nose to the grindstone; if you leave, you're United States citizen employees. liable to get knocked off by accident. Employees who are citizens of the You don't need the extra feet of a new car that won't fit a garage. United States will continue to earn leave To trade in your old car, you get less than what you still owe. at the rate of 324 hours per year, retainA good credit rating is better than the cash in your pocket. ing the present limitation of 720 hours When you accept nothing btt the best you end up with nothing. on leave accrual. The difference in leave for United You can't live high on the hog if Vot don't bring home the bacon. States and non-United States citizen It really doesn't ruin a kid's personality to give him the "old fashion" employees is in line with provisions of disciplinary action for a traffic violation. the 1955 Treaty and Memorandum of Many things we used to call sin are now called experience. Understanding between Panama and the United States which recognizes the When yotr arms become to short to hold the paper at reading distance, eligibility for greater annual leave benyou've reached the crest of the hill. efits of United States citizen employ\Vhcn coasting down the hill make sure your braking experiences are ees, as well as their right to home leave in working order. travel allowances. Home leave transportation regulations are not affected by the new leave order. In general, home leave continues to be computed on the basis of an employee's service; he is initially entitled to home leave travel when he has completed 24 months of service with the Canal organJANUARY 1959 ization and to home leave at roughly twoDISABLING INJURIES year intervals thereafter. BUREAU FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS LOST YEAR In order to provide for the transition CASES INJURIES TO DATE to the new annual service date, all limitaSupply & Community Service (Honor oIl) 41 34 0 .0 0 0 0 tion on leave accumulation is eliminated Engineering & Construction (Honor io:l) 31 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 until next January 10. This means that Civil Affairs (Honor Roll) 10 12 0 3 0 30 0 3 leave will not have to be reduced to the New York Operations -10 8 1 1 23 50 1 1 maximum limitation until next January' 65 (20) 4 (1) 2 (7) 4 (1) 2 regardless of the previous individual servTransportation & Terminals 47 42 4 1 65 4 4 1 ice date. Non-U. S. citizen employees Accident Pool ---0 0 --0 0 who had formerly been earning leave at C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company 215 (20)543 11 (1) 7 411 (7)92 11 (1)7 the rate of 324 hours per year will have ( ) Locks Overhaul injuries included in total. until January 1961 to reduce their leave credit to their new maximum of 460 hours. 6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6, 1959

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Adr@ CIVIL DEFENSE .Worth knowing NEWS New insurance benefits. A 10 percent increase has been made in Two groups of teenage Canal Zone the miscellaneous hospital benefits paid to employees under the school girls, one group on each side of Group Hospitalization plan, it was announced late last month. the Isthmus, are preparing for the 1959 The coverage under this clause is for such charges as X-rays, Civil Defense Nurses Aid training course. medicines, ambulance service, oxygen, and similar services. This three-part program has become an Employees received last month a notice with their pay checks extremely popular activity and is looked from the Group Health Insurance Board that increased medical forward to each year with interest. tariffs would be covered without an increase in premiums. In a On the Atlantic side, 22 girls have regrevision of the underwriting agreement with MulIntial of Omaha, istered with Miss Florence Edbrooke, another important improvement in the Hospital Insurance plan Chief Nurse at Coco Solo Hospital, who has been obtained, the announcement said. I his provides for the is in charge of the training program over removal from the insurance contract, detective February 1, of the there. On the Pacific side, applications clause which had excluded coverage for hospitalization for conhave been accepted from a considerably genital diseases or defects. larger number but the class will be cut to not more than 25 persons. The Balboa Lions Club will sponsor Organization directory. A list of organized employee activities, the Pacific side group, and has named such as women's clubs, veteran organizations, professional, social, Mrs. Charlotte Kennedy as their repreand recreational groups, and athletic clubs, will be included in the sentative in this program. The Lions will New Employees Manual being prepared by the Personnel Btreau. provide the uniforms for the group and All Canal Zone organizations to be listed should send names and assist in arranging transportation and addresses promptly to the Personnel Bureau, Box 504, Balboa other details. Others on the Pacific comHeights. mittee are Miss Beatrice Simonis and Miss Marie Weir. The first part of the ROTC building completed. M\Iembers of the Reserve Off'cers Trainthe Easter vacation on the Pacific side. ing Corps Unit in Balboa started using their brand new headFirst aid will be the first part of the Atquarters building last month. N ork on the new 887,000 structure lantic side program. Thirty-six Company-Government employees took a two-day course in radiological defense at the Fort Clayton Disaster Control School. These trainees will be charged with the duty of radiological defense (RADEF) in the official Civil Defense Corps under E. M. Browder, Jr. Radiological Defense Officer. Another two-day (two morning sessions) class will be given on March 23 and 24 as a refresher course for the group which received training the past two years. William Gordon, Civil Defense Instruetor, announced that 50 persons have registered for first aid training in the town of Paraiso. Classes to be held every week-day night will begin this month. VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS Date Town Place flour MARCH was completed by the Panama contracting firm of Diaz and xc Rainbow city School 6:30 p. m Guardia in February when the building was formally accepted Iy 12 Santa Cruz Serv. Center 8:oo p. m. the Panama Canal Company. The building is an under-one-roof x6 Paraiso School 7:30 p. m. construction of three one-story masonry buildings. The headAPR[L quarters has two classrooms, an air-conditioned audio-visual room, I Margarita Serv. Center 9:00 a. m. an office, armory, and supply room. 4Y ~Air conditioning. Final tests were being made this week on the W., h~g air-conditioning system which is to make the Admi nistration Building at Balboa Heights a cooler, more comfortable place to work. ,.Official Panama Canal Company Publicition The extensive piping, the installation of hundreds of vents, and Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z. the testing of the machinery which makes the new system work Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount HopeCanal Zone was completed late in February with operational tests taking place during the last week in the month. The operation of the new W. E. POTTER, Governor-President system was initiated on a floor-to-floor basis. The installation of JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor lighting fixtures and other work included in the modernization WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. project, are now being completed. Interior painting of the AdminPanama Canal Information Officer .istration Building will be started soon oil another contract. The work will be done one floor at a time. J. RUFus HARDY. Editor ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assist ant Editor EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant Tax office reopening. Canal Zone tax payers are being reminded On sale at ali Panama Canai Service Center that the Internal Reventie Office, which occupies Room 300 in the Retail Stores, and The Tivoii Guest House for e Civil Affairs Building, will reopen March 9 when Andrew Gerda, days after publication date at d cetits each. SubInternal Revenue Office Representative, arrives on the Isthmus. cents each. The office will then be open conti l until after the Canal Postal money orders made payable to the PanZone tax payment deadline which falls on April 15. Trygve J. ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor. Johnson, another Internal Revenue Agent who was here earlier The Pangma Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. this year, will join Mr. Gerda early in April. March 6,1959 7

PAGE 8

E1I4 4.1-,*Two photographs, taken by Charles McG. Brand[, Assistant Chief of the Civil Engineering Branch, and fitted t TO BUTLD A BRIDGE Much thought and planning, millions of dollars, many persons, involved in construction of structure which will link northern and southern hemispheres This is how Fourth of July Avenue will look near the J Street intersection. Elmer B. Stevens, Resident Engineer 8 March 6,195

PAGE 9

NF her, along with architect's rendering 6y Felipe K. Ben, Jr., Architect, show how the completed bridge will look. During the next three years Isthmians will have a grandwill be the two largest to be awarded for the project. stand seat for the construction of a bridge which will become The Consultants' meeting will be attended by a representone of the notable structures of the world. ative of Sverdrup & Parcel, Inc., the St. Louis Engineering Actual construction on the Canal bridge project got under firm designing the bridge and preparing plans. way at the first of this year and most of the plans and drawings Members of the Board are: Roland P. Davis, Dean Emerare now down in black and white. THE CANAL REVIEW preitus of the University of West Virginia; Ralph A. Tudor, of sents in this issue, by picture and drawing, the principal feaAtherton, Calif., a member of the Panama Canal Company tures of the project from the famous "J" Street intersection Board of Directors; Edward A. Burwell, Jr., of Upperville, Va., to the bridge's connecting link with Thatcher Highway on retired Chief Geologist of the Office of the Chief of Engineers; the west side of the Canal where earth moving equipment is William A. Bugge, Director of the Department of Highways slicing away Farfan Hill for the new west approach. of the State of Washington; and Aymar Embury II, ArchiThis pictorial preview was made possible by the skill and tect, of New York. help of the Canal's Official Photographer and personnel in the It is presently planned to advertise for )ids for the conEngineering Division. struction of the bridge substructure April 15 and open bids The second major construction contract for the Canal bridge, June 16. The advertisement for bids on the manufacture and construction of the east approach, was awarded last month erection of the steel superstructure will start in about six to Bildon, Inc., at a total cost of $897,515. Formal signing of months with the contract to be awarded this calendar year. the contract took place February 17 in Governor Potter's office. Other current developments of interest in connection with the bridge are: The announcement of the appointment of Elmer B. Stevens as Resident Engineer by Lt. Col. Robert D. Brown, Jr., Engineering and Construction Director; A scheduled meeting of the Board of Consultants on the bridge this month; and Plans for the advertisement for bids on the bridge substructure and superstructure. Before his appointment as Resident Engineer, Mr. Stevens had been Chief of the Structural Branch in the Engineering Division. He has been working on bridge plans since the project was authorized and was in charge of preparing the first preliminary plans and cost estimates. The Resident Engineer will have an office and staff at the bridge site in Engineering and Construction Building 911, the former La Boca Commissary. The Board of Consultants is scheduled to have its third meeting on the Isthmus next Thursday. At this time members will review the draft of final plans and specifications for the substructure and superstructure. Contracts for this work Farfan Hill looked like this last month as earth-moving equipment began to slice it away for the west bridge approach. March 6, 1959 9

PAGE 10

New world opens up for Laura "Can you spell your name for us, Laura?" Miss Lillian Baird asked the little first-grader with the big eyes. 4 Laura's chubby hand fairly flew into the recesses of her desk, came up with a box filled with blunt -pointed, smallheaded nails and an oblong piece of wood which looked something like an oversize cribbage board. While the fingers of her left hand followed along the lines of holes, Laura's right hand began to fit the nails into them. In less than a minute, she raised t a smiling face. Miss Baird looked down. "Yes," she said. "Laura, that's it." Laura's fingers fly as she spells out her name in Braille for Miss Lillian Baird. Then Laura began to read for her visitors. As her fingers moved over holes Wayne University in Detroit last spring. blow off steam. Furthermore, by paintpunched in small cards, she announced Miss Baird teaches Laura and her ing and coloring they are sharing exproudly that this word was cat and this sightless roommates in a bright, colorful periences with the classmates they one dog, and that this group made a room at the Balboa school. The gay meet on the playground and whom whole sentence which told about "Puff" decorations may seem a waste of effort they will some day join. and "Sally." and money in a room for children who One of the most important things Laura is a pupil at the Balboa elecannot appreciate them, but drab walls which these children must learn is dimentary school. Laura is also a sightand dark colors absorb what light these rection. Up and down, right and left less child. children can perceive. The classroom have no meaning for them; they have Today, she is learning to read and furniture is not bolted to the floor but to be specially taught. So, more than write in Braille, and a whole new world it is kept in the same position, day after other teachers, Miss Baird must emphais opening up for her. day, so that the children can find their size, "a little farther to the right, Laura. Laura is one of the Canal Zone children way around. Move your board up a little." who are receiving special help through One piece of equipment which seems At the present time, the children with the Program for Handicapped Children. incongruous in this classroom is a large whom Miss Baird is working all come She is doing so well that probably, later easel, on which Laura and her roommates within the technical and legal definition on, she will be able to attend some of her fingerpaint with as much enthusiasm as of blindness. Later, if there is need, she higher grades in the same room with her if they could see what they are doing. will also be able to work with children classmates. Nor do crayons seem necessary for these with what are known as "visual impairRight now, Miss Baird is punching youngsters. ments." Such children would be taught Laura's Braille cards herself. This, and But, Miss Baird explains, fingerpaintin sight-saving classes, protected from too other helps for sightless children, she ing and coloring are tried and true much close eye-work, and helped by spelearned during a semester of work at methods with which small children cial techniques and special equipment. Personnel Experts Visit Canal Zone Just before the new Canal Zone Merit System went into effect last month, personnel experts from the United States and the Canal Zone conferred here. In addition, the visitors inspected Canal Zone communities, schools, retail stores, conferred with labor panels. The experts from the United States, all of whom are seated in the accompanying photograph are, from left: Joseph E. Winslow, Administrative Assistant to Rocco Siciliano; Mr. Siciliano, Special Assistant to the President as advisor for personnel management; Warren Irons, Executive Director of the U. S. Civil Service Commission; and Robert Willey, Personnel Director for the Department of the Army. Local personnel experts, all members of the Canal Zone Civilian Policy Coordinating Board are standing, from left: Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director, Panama Canal Company; Col. David B. Stone, Caribbean Command, Chairman of the Board; Commander R. A. Sexton, 15th Naval District; Edward Kieloch, Air Force; Robert Donley, Personnel Director, USARCARIB; and Gordon Frick, Secretary of the Board. 10 March 6, 1959

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Canal's old gray "mules" to be replaced by larger, more powerful locks locomotives with two towing winches The major locomotive manufacturing use of two-towline locomotives had incorporated in the new locomotives, firms in the United States soon will be inbeen considered previously, the first the successful bidder will be required vited to submit bids for the replacement practical test of such a system was to provide a full-scale wood mock-up of the Panama Canal's "electric mules." possible only after purchase of the exof the entire machine for inspection The replacement program, first schedperimental locomotives. prior to beginning actual manufacture. uled in 1956, will be the largest single The locomotives to be bought under The delivery of the first of the new replacement order ever to be placed for the new contract, scheduled to be awarded locomotives will not be scheduled until Canal equipment, despite a major reducduring the latter half of this year, will about 14 months after the award is made. tion in the number of towing locomotives differ radically in appearance from those It is planned to have eight or nine locoto be bought from that originally schedwhich have been familiar on the Lock motives delivered in one order, sufficient uled. Manufacturers will be asked to walls since the Canal was opened. They for the east lane of traffic at Gatun Locks. bid on 45 locomotives and three cranes will have a longer wheelbase and present This will be followed by later deliveries, for normal operations, as compared with a more streamlined appearance. This latfor the west lane at Gatun, those for 57 locomotives and three cranes for which ter condition will be dictated largely by Pedro Miguel and Miraflores Locks, and bids were received three years ago. An the use of the double towing winch systhe cxtra locomotives for relay lockages. additional six or seven may be bought for tem and the critical need for good visiThe three locomotive cranes to be puruse when relay lockages are required. bility fore and aft by the operators. chased will be of the same general design The reduced number of towing locoThe new machines will be more than as the new towing locomotives. Each motives to handle the same number twiceas powerfulas the present "mules" will be equipped with 10-ton cranes with one-ton boom horizontal lifting capacity. The electric traction units for the cranes will be manufactured for interchangeabilS ity with the traction units of the towing locomotives. The order for the new towing locomotives will amount to several million dollars and more manufacturers have already evinced interest than the number of hidders when the replacement order was first considered in 1956. Only three heavy-equipment manufacturers entered offers for the manufacture of 57 locomotives specified in the invitations to bid thiee years ago. OUR COVER One of the scenes most familiar to the Isthmian motorist is the busy street intersection at "The Limits." Our cover shows how it and Fourth of July Avenue will look when the The difference in size between the present towing locomotives and the replaceeast bridge approach work is comments is shown by this combination of drawing superimposed on photograph. pleated. The aerial view was photographed by C. S. LaClair, Official Photographer. The exceptional panof ships will be made possible by the with each winch capable of pulling oramic drawing was done by Felipe use of two towing winches on each 35,000 pounds in any towing position, K. Ben, Jr., of the Engineering Divimachine, increased power, and other as compared with the 25,000-pound sion. The small picture below shows technical improvements. pull of locomotives in use. The winches the scene as it was at the middle of Final specifications for the new towingwill be mounted on the lower side inFebruary and the material with locomotive order are now being comstead of atop the locomotives and will which Mr. Ben had to work. pleted following cancellation of the Panbe equipped with fairleads to hold towama Canal Company's option to buy ing cables away from the lock walls. towing devices patterned after the exThey will be level-winding winches to perimental units purchased from the R. prevent cable overlays and snarls. G. LeTourneau firm. A year's testing of They will be powered by 440-volt althese devices has shown that the fender ternating current, with each set of trucks boom cannot be successfully adapted to driven by separate electric motors. Tests Canal use without causing an unacceptmade at Miraflores Locks during recent able reduction in the usable width of months indicate that 440-volt 60-cycle the Locks. current can replace 220-volt 25-cycle An important innovation tested with without danger of electrical faults. the LeTourneau devices, and a feature The increased speed of the new mastrongly advocated since 1955 by Carl chines will be an important factor in Girous of the Office of the Chief of increasing the number of lockages posEngineers-the use of two-line towsible in a day. The locomotives will be ing-has proved highly satisfactory able to tow at one, two, or three miles with locomotives operating on opposite an hour, and have return speeds of six lock walls. The LeTourneau prototypes and nine miles per hour. The present were originally designed to operate only locomotives tow at one or two miles an from the center wall and were later hour and have a top return speed of five changed so that they could be used as miles an hour. a pair on opposite walls. Although the Because of the many changes to be March 6, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 1_

PAGE 12

From frying pan PAGES FROM THE to deepfreeze ELdward Bairlow, formerly controlhouse --S supervisor at Miraflores Locks, was reTHIS MONTH ? gently named Chief of the Operations DiIiI -7, vision of the St. Deelarent C "on February 1, another third on July 1, opron( Int ('or 50 Years Ago and the remaining third at the discretion rtin. hs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. new job, he is iesponsible for lock The first concrete in the Canal proper Several events of international importoperations, was poured at the Gatun Dam spillway ance occurred 25 years ago this month. dispatching and on St. Patrick's Day, 50 years ago this The Republic of Panama declined to minorck aitemonth. In the first day, 122 cubic yards accept the annual check for $250,000 for nance of the were laid When the plant reached its the Canal annuity and asked payment a eay full capacity, THE CANAL RECORD said, in gold. A few days later, Panama offiMr. Barlow is one of two former emit would turn out between 300 and 400 cials let it be known that they wanted ployees who hold important positions cubic yards of concrete every 9-hour control of street cleaning and garbage with the seaway. The other is Adm. H. working day. collection operations in the Republic. 11. McLean, formerly Marine SuperintenAt Pedro Miguel, the excavation had And still later in the month the Panama (lent. Ilis post is that of Marine Conprogressed to the point where the outline Society of International Action presented sultant to the Seaway's Administrator of the locks and dam was evident. Concrete a request for revision of the 1903 Treaty and Assistant Administrator. Admiral pouring was to begin in August. to the President of the United States McLean was stationed here from SepMeanwhile, the March 1909 excavaand the Speaker of the House of Repretember 1946 to April 1947. tion broke all records with a total of sentatives. In his new post, Mr. Barlow is en3,880,337 cubic yards. The daily average countering difficulties which never beset was 143,716 cubic yards, highest since 10 Years Ago him in the 36 years he spent with the the United States began the Canal work. Panama Canal's Locks Division. In a In his inaugural address, President A year-old order increasing the Panscribed i site Pr te toyal he a William Howard Taft told the nation: ama Canal tolls to $1 per ton for laden Zone to the not-so-temperate northern "The Panama Canal will have a most imvessels was postponed by Presidential section of New York State as "jumping portant bearing upon the eastern and far proclamation 10 years ago this month. out of the frying pan into a deep freeze." western sections of our country and will The postponement, the third, was until greatly increase the facilities between the September 1, to allow the House Mereastern and western seaboards." He urged chant Marine Committee to make a "full his listeners to "stand behind the men who and complete study of proper tolls levels." HUMIDITY FOILED are doing faithful hard work to bring about Also in March, 1949, the Hoover the early completion of ...the greatest Commission recommended that the PanPowder prevents constructive enterprise of modern times." ama Canal, along with Puerto Rico, Guam, stuck-up stamps Speaking in Chicago and coming out Hawaii, etc., be placed under the proposed flatly in favor of a lock canal, Col. G. W. "Administration of Overseas Affairs." Goethals outlined the Canal's history, Two bills to establish a new minimum told how its type had been determined, wage of 75 cents an hour in the Canal said the lock canal would cost $475,201,Zone were presented to Congress in 000-including its purchase price plus March 1949. Sponsor of one bill was Rep. the cost of sanitation and civil governVito Marcantonio of New York. Rep. ment. He estimated that a sea-level Donald O'Toole, also of New York, precanal would have cost $563,000,000, insented the second bill two days later. eluding sanitation and government. Max Brodsky, regional director of Local 713. UPWA-CIO, left the Isthmus after 25 Years Ago the Republic of Panama canceled his temporary residence permit. Before his departure, the labor group held a protest rally The Panama Canal's traffic was really at DeLesseps Park on the Zone border. picking up, 25 years ago this month. The Panama Canal net tonnage of the A well-known Canal Zonian moved 538 commercial vessels which transited into one of the top spots in the Canal during March 1934, was the highest of administration when Eugene C. Lomany month of March since the opening bard was appointed Executive Secretary, of te Canal, THE PANAMA CANAL RECthird man to hold this post. ORD announced with pride. Tonnage for In Washington, two local labor leaders, March 1934, totaled 2,703,372 tons; the Thomas Richardson representing the UPprevious high March net tonnage ocWA-CIO and Rufus M. Lovelady, of the curred in 1929 when measurement tons AFGE, told the House Appropriations subtotaled 2,567,961. committee that housing in the Canal Zone If your letters smell faintly of lilac Another record set in March 1934, was was deplorable, antiquated, and should be these days, causing your fancy to replaced. turn to thoughts of romance, calm that on the Thatcher Ferry. During the yourself. It's probably not the letmonth the ferry carried 20,455 vehicles and ters at all, it's just the stamp. 111,450 passengers, the largest monthly Stamps dispensed by Service Centotal of each during the ferry's history. O e Year ter vending machines come in large sheets and must be separated and Pier 15 at Balboa was condemned when Consultants to the House Subcommitplaced in small cardboard folders be21 cracked caissons made it unsafe. Retee on Panama Canal affairs visited the fore they are packed in the machines. pairs would cost close to half a million Canal Zone in March 1958, to look into Due to the high humidity in the CnlZn nMrh15,t okit tropics the glue sometimes becomes dollars, but no funds were available plans to increase the waterway's capacdamp and sticky and the stamps adZonians who had been cheered by the ity. Meanwhile, the Panama Canal Comhere to the cardboard. To prevent Senate vote to restore their 15 percent pay pany retained the well-known New York eled lightly with talcum powdercut were less jubilant when they learned engineering firm of Parsons, Brinckerhoff, as Stella Straker is doing abovethat a SenateHouse conference had cut Hall & Macdonald to update plans and before it is folded into the cardboard. the restoration by five percent. Zonians estimates prepared 12 years earlier durThe post offices in the Canal Zone would get lack a third of their slashed pay ing the Isthmian Canal studies of 1947. also sometimes use talcum powder when packing large orders of stamps. 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6, 1959

PAGE 13

LA BOCA Rare, Medium, or Well Done ? New Town Rising on Old Site The revival of La Boca as a Canal Zone community is starting this year with the installation of a new street and municipal facilities, and construction of five masonry houses. The site of the new construction is on La Boca Road just cast of the former Commissary. The work is being done by the Engineering Corporation, Inc., of Panama. The firm was awarded the contract at a cost of $211,838 early in January, with a time limit of 180 days for completion. The work done up to now consists mainly in ground preparation and street work. The group of houses will be accessible only from La Boca Road over the new street being built to replace Martinique Street which ran in front of the Commissary. The new community is scheduled for completion during the fiscal year 1961 "Take the whole leg of a steer," begins the recipe that Joseph when it will have 33 one-family and 30 S. Wallace passes on to housewives who would like to cook a duplex houses. The proposed streetroast like the one that adorns the Sunday night buffet at the Tivplan provides for one main circular oli Guest House. street connected at each end with BalThis mountain of tender succulent roast beef is called a 'Steamboa Road and a principal street which ship Roast." Just where it gets its name no one seems to know, will cut diagonally across the center of but Steamship Roosts and Sunday night buffets at the Tivoli are the community. The houses will be synonymous to many Zonians. located on these and several short, For those who would like to know just how the roast is cooked dead-end streets. to get such appetizing results, Mr. Wallace, who is Catering The homes being erected in La Boca Manager at the Tivoli, gives this recipe: this year are replacements for family Place a leg of choice U. S. beef, weighing between 80 and units in Balboa which are to be demol100 pounds, in a shallow pan and cook for six hours in oven set ished for the construction of the bridge. at 225 degrees. Turn the meat and cook six more hours. Since The principal quarters construction in an approximately one-inch layer of fat surrounds the beef, it bastethe revived town will come during the itself as the fat slowly melts. No other basting is necessary. next two years. A total of $1,440,000 That's all there is to it. Carve it and you have roast beef to has been budgeted for new construction please all guests whether they like it rare, medium, or well done and townsite development in La Boca and there's enough to serve 200 people. during the coming fiscal year when 45 family apartments are to be built. The community is to be finished the following Coco Solo and France Field. In addition the one now located on Mindi Street. It year with the building of 41 apartments. to the La Boca houses, quarters will be is scheduled for completion within about The quarters construction program at built in Ancon and Balboa under the six months. La Boca is a major part of the overall building program provided in the Master Master Plan. The new gasoline station wil provide Plan for housing on the Pacific side durWhile not a part of the La Boca a modernized service for motorists similar ing the next few years. The Master townsite development, the new gasoto the larger service stations in the United Housing Plan, described in last August's line service station is to be built on States. This will include a small sales issue of THE CANAL REVIEW, calls for La Boca Road only a short distance store for batteries and other accessories, the elimination of all substandard housfrom the new houses. A contract for and provision for car washing, tire changing for the permanent U. S. citizen emthis work has been awarded to Dillon ing, and battery rental. ployees of the Canal organization. Construction Company, low bidder for New construction is planned only on the job with an offer of $60,000. Bids the Pacific side since the requirements for for this work were opened the middle Joint Service Crusade quarters on the Atlantic side have been of last month. Now Under Way In Zone met by the recent transfer of quarters at The new service station will replace Sealed envelopes containing contributions to the Federal Service Joint Some of the new houses to be built in La Boca will follow this design. Crusade are beginning to flow into local banks. The banks will open the envelopes and credit the contents of each to the agencies in the campaign. These are: CARE, Crusade for Freedom and the American Korean Foundation, gifts for which are made in one envelope, and the Canal Zone Chapter of the National Tuberculosis Foundation, which has its own envelope. The campaign opened February 23 and will close April 4. Approximately --500 keymen in the Canal organization distributed materials on the campaign and envelopes for the contributions throughout Canal units within the past 10 days. No quotas have been set and no payroll deductions are being made.

PAGE 14

54 YEARS ANNIVERSARIES First to receive a diamond-set service pin in January was William Jump, the Industrial Division's 35 YEARS Timekeeper. The honor came from his seniority in service, having accumulated at that time all but a few days of a 54-year record when MAN OF THE MONTH handed his pin and service certificate by the Canal Company's Board Chairman, George H. Roderick. His anniversary of 54 years of le is John aBarthold Coffey who continuous service came on Febholds the title of Printing Press Group ruary 1. His name has also headed Chief of the Panan.a Canal Prnting Plant. the "Canal Review's" anniversary Although he was born in Jersey City, he list now for several years since all can claim more years here than most nativethose with 40 or more years of born Zonians. le arrived on the Isthmus service are listed year-by-year. before his first birthday and attended Colon With the Civil Service retirement and Canal Zone schools, joining the Printprovisions now extended to all eming Plant staff for the first time in Febployees, Mr. Jump can now lay ruary 1920. His first vacation job was as claim to the all-time longest con"boy" but he later learned the printer's trade tinuous service record in the Canal from the bottom up. He was promoted to his oran evicn Uer in tetCanorganization. Under existing retirepresent position, second in the organZzament regulations, no employee could tion, in December 1956. better or equal his record. Although he keeps an eagle eye on printing A native of Gorgona, Canal Zone, problems for "The Review" and countless Mr. Jump started his Canal career "Panama Canal Review" readers can other typographical jobs while on duty, at the age of 15 with the Mechanjoin its staff this month in congratulating much of his attention in outside hours is ical (now Industrial) Division, and on his significant service date, one of the devoted to boating and fishing. He owns all of his service has been with men responsible for its month-by-month apa boat and is Commodore of the Cristobal that unit. pearance for the past nine years. Yacht Club. 25 YEARS Relief Chauffeur with the Motor TransporJanuary Correction Two of the six employees who reached tation Division. He is an alternate driver The CANAL RivimW mistakenly changed the quarter-centnry mark in service during for the Governor-President. jobs for two of Januarv's 15-year nien. last month are natives of the Canal Zone. Oliver G. Paterson, Automotive MachinThey didn't, and are still working at their All but one have continuous Canal service. ist with the Motor Transportation Division, sare jobs: Donald H. Secrest as WindowTh Canal Zone natives are Mrs. Marhas spent all of his 20 years of Canal service Clerk in the Postal Division, and Waldemar cella G. Green, Clerical Assistant in the in transportation. He is a native of WolZirkian as Lock Operator iin the Locks Division of Schools; and David J. Burkett, laston, Mass., and began work for the Canal Division. Dipper Dredge Mate in the Dredging DiFebruary 6, 1939 as an apprentice xith the vision. Both were born in Ancon. Motor Transportation Division. Mrs. Green came to the Canal organizaHoward J. Toland is a Policeman with the tion as a clerk in the Division of Schools Police Division. Mr. Toland was first emRETIREM ENTS and most of her service has been with that plowed in the Canal organization on New division. Year's Day 1942. His home town is WashAll of Mr. Burkett's service has been with ington, Pa. Retirement certificates were presented the Dredging Division where he was first Walter C. Watts has served his entire 20 the end of Februar, to the following ememployed as al artisan, February 27, 1934. years with the Locks Division where he ployees who are listed alphabetically, with Others whose service with the Canal orbegan his Canal employment as a machintheir birthplaces, positions, years of Canal ganizition is continuous are listed below: ist. His present position is General Meservice, and their future addresses: Walter R. Fender, Stean Engineer II chanical Foieman III. Mr. Watts was born Edwin B. Cain, New Jersey; Sergeant, with the Terminals Division, is a native of in Elkridge, Md. Police Division; 22 years, 11 months, 20 Southgate, Ky. He began work for the days; New Jersey. Canal organization October 12, 1942, as a 15 YEARS tlas NewKaufer, Minnesota; Accountant clerk-typist with what was then the Supply Fifteen employees celebrated 15 years of Industrial Division; 36 years, 4 months, 13 Department. service during February. Six women, repdays; California. Marie V. Hayes, Telephone Operator of resenting six different divisions, are among Roy J. Misenheimer, North Carolina; the New York Office of the Panama Canal those listed. The women, their hoire towns, Marine MNachinist, Dredging Division; 15 Company, completed 25 years of unbroken and their jobs are: years, 11 months, 18 days, Canal Zone service with the Conpany oni Febrnary 15. Mrs. Dorris L. Chollar, of Gtinsight, Tex., Glenn W. Redmond, Wisconsin, ShipfitRobert B. Sager has had continuous servLibrary Assistant in the Canal Zone Li. ter, Lindlstrial Division; 20 years, 4 months, ice with the Engineering Division. He first brary; Lydia Czapek, Crawford, N. J 23 lays; future address unknown. caie to work for the Canal as a structural General Illustrator, Engineering Division; Worden R. Waites, Arkansas; Cash Regdesigner with the iiiit when it was desigMrs. Dorothy S. Leach, Gulfport, Miss., ister Repairnian; industrial Division; 12 nated as the Office Engineering Division. Clerk-Typist, Electrical Division; Mrs. years, 2 months, 25 clays; Canal Zone. [lis present position is Structural Engineer. Edith Mathieson, Mulberry, Ark., Clerkliristolville, Ohio, is Mr. Sager's home town. Stenographer, Customs Division; Mrs. y Manuel A. Smith, whose service is not Helen McKeown, Brooklyn, N. Y., Sopcontiltious, is a Texan, born in El Pasc. ervisory AccoUnting Assistant, Payroll IHe has held several different jobs including B3ranch; and Katherine Taliercio, Cass photographer, civil engineer, and survey and W. Va., Staff Nurse at Gorgas Hospital. .i" cartographic engineer. Mr. Smiith is presentTwo policemen and a native-born Zoniian Iy employedI as Meteorological Aid in the are among February's 15-year miei. The Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch. policemen are H. W. Dempsey, Sr., of 20 YEARS Munford, Ala.; and James L. Dunn, New FROM CRISTOBAL York, N. Y. The Canal Zone native is A 1CO----------arch 5 Six mien, two with contmunous service, Armando Cruz, Boilermaker in the Induswere added last month to the list of eintrial Division who was born at Camp GailCristob -----March 14 ployees who have chalked up 20 years of lard, anu early-lay Army post. A ncon-------------------March 21 Government service. Other 15-year men are: Roscoe S. BurFrederick W. Holmberg, of Milbury, gess, of DeSoto Mo., Wood ant Steel C FROM NEW YORK Mass., Customs Inspector, has colitiiiuous Inspector; Joseph W. Casey, Coluinbus, Cristoba ------March 6 service which has all been with the CusOhio, Armature Vinder Foreman, ElectriAncon --------M h 13 toolsDivision. ie first came to work for cal Division; Everett H. Lippincott CaliCristobal---March 24 the Canal as a custons guard, toga, Calif., Guard, Customs Division;on -------March 31 Rudolph W. Rubelli is a native of PhilThomas C. Robertson, El Paso, Tex., Elec -----t--te----Ma rch 31 adelphia, Pa. le began his service, which trical Distribition Foris an in the Electareuthbound st ips wing Tea y. N ewhYork Fri has all been with the Navigation Division, cal Division; Lawrence J. Ryan, New York from New ork Tuesday send Saturday in haiti. as a towboat nyister. 11 is iowv a Paiialia N. Y., Wirensan, Electrical Division; and Nortthbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after Canal pilot. James F. Sherer, of Bucyrtis, Ohio, Oper_ clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from Crsohal Saturday, and Friday for those whirl, clear The four 20-year umen whose service is ator Mechanic Foreman, Power iraich Cristobal Wednesday not continuous are listed alphabetically: G. Clair Lawrence, of Carlisle, Pa., is a 14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Mcrch 6, 1959

PAGE 15

MEMORIES ---revived by souvenirs of construction days Memories of Construction Days gala Wright was employed as a rodman with Tivoli dances, and Canal Zone auctions -the Panama Railroad. Later he served are brought to mind by the souvenirs of as Municipal Engineer. by-gone days which Mrs. Daniel Wright, Articles which Mrs. Wright has sent of St. Petersburg, Fla., has contributed to the Museum are souvenirs she collected to the Canal Zone Library-Museum. between 1904 and May 31, 1921 when Oldtimers and students of the early they left the Isthmus. history of the Canal will be particularly Other items include a silver candlelainterested in a silver bon-bon dish which brum, also bought at a Balboa auction, is believed to have belonged to the Deand several favors from early-day parties. Lesseps household during the French conOne of the more interesting of the souvestruction period. The dish, which Mrs. nirs is a Panama Railroad spike fashioned Wright bought at a Balboa auction many into a letter opener. years ago, soon will be placed on display Mrs. Wright became interested in the at the Canal Zone Museum in the Civil Museum when she and Colonel Wright Affairs Building along with other items -returned to the Zone for the observance contributed by old timers. of the Roosevelt Centennial. Several other oldtimers who came down at this A formal gown which Mrs. Wright time brought along programs, favors, wore to a Tivoli Ball in the early 1900's and various small mementos which is another interesting item she donated. ane vriut ta the whsch The res of lowred rep de hin .they contributed to the Museum. The dress of flowered crepe de Chine Such items are needed for the Conclosely resembles the empire styles of Edelin Price, whose great-great-grandstruction Days display and anyone who today and though tattered and faded father came to the Isthmus in 1860, has mementos which he would like to gives a good idea of what was worn by is holding a silver dish dating from contribute should get in touch with Mrs. the well-dressed lady of 1910. the French construction period which Eleanor Burnham, Curator of the MuColonel and Mrs. Wright came to the was recently donated to the Museum. seum, who will provide packing and shipCanal Zone June 6, 1904 when Colonel ping information. PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS January 15 through February 15 Employees who were promoted or transHeavv Labor Foreman to Lead Public gineer, Railroad Division, to Loc k operaferred between January 15 and February Works Foreman. tor 11, Lo cks Division. 15 are listed below. Within-grade pronoRay Caldwell, from General Foreian III John J. Sproul, froun Guard to (Gtiard tions are not reported. to Chief Foreman. 'LIuervisor, I ocks D vision, CANAL ZONE CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT Karl W. Shirley, froint Marine Inspection iCE ESherman A. Hammond, from Lead ForeAssistant to Admse roer, Navign t iman IllI to General l'oreman. vision. Mrs. Verna A. Barnett, Clerk StenograEstle H. Davison, from Pnmpig Plant Allen R. Flinn, front Wirenian i Foreian pher, from Navigation Division to Canal Ope II to eisvy Equipment Operator, to Control House Operator, Locks Division. Zone Central employment Office. Operator Arnold W. Jackson, froit Wireinin to Paree L. Roland, from Lead Foreman II Wirema ii Foremilaii I, Locks Division. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU to General Foreman. Joseph M. Vandergrift, from Control Mrs. Helen S. Witkin, from Substituten Hoise Operator to Locknster, Locks DiTeacher to Elementary and Secondary DeLeon Tschumy, fromntac alhmiiig Puit vision. School Teacher, Division of Schools. Operator 11 to Aaintenance Machiiiist. Mrs. Bernadine C. Lally, from StelnogWalter H. Alves, Jr., from Police Serrapher, Executive Planning Staff, to Clerk geant to Motorcycle Sergeant, Police DiHarry E. Pearl, from Civil Engineer to Stenographer, Navigation Division. vision. Construction Management Engineer, ConJames A. Fraser, from Apprentice Cabletract and Inspection Division. splicer, Electrical Division, to Towig LoFredeiick A. Mohl, from Fire Sergeant .omnotive Operator, Locks Division. to Clerical Assistant, Fire Division. Victor C. Melant, from Supervisory CleriJoseph P. Hawthorne, front Operator II cal Assista nt to A-llin istrative Assistant, to Towing Locoiotive Operator Locks DiOFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Dredging Division. visioil. Mrs. Nancy L. Jorstad, from Clerk StenHEALTH BUREAU Herman Wakem, fro: Guard to' Towing ographer to Travel Expense Claims ExaniHarry A. Dunn, from Medical Technician Locoiotive Operator, Locks Division. iner, General Audit Division. to SUpervisory Medical Technologist, Board PERSONNEL BUREAU Mrs. Shirley A. Musselman, from Travel of Health Lalboratory. Ronald Seeley, froi Positio Classifer Expense Claims Examiner to General AcMrs. Martha R. McLelland, from Staff Wage and Clissification Division, to Percounting Clerk, General Audit Division. Nurse (Pediatrics), Gorgas Hospital to sniiel Assistant, Offce of the Chief, EliENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Staff Nurse (Medicine and SUrgery), Coco ploynient and Utilization Division. BUREAU Solo Hospital. OTHER PROMOTIONS Maintenance Division MARINE BUREAU Promotions which did not involve change Max M. Schoch, Peter A. Warner, MurRobert G. Peterson, from Safety lispeci. title follow: rel L. Dodd, and Vernon C. Douglas, fro tor to Supervisory Administrative Assistant, John F. Shannon and Waldo B. Gilley, Lead Road Construction Foreniaii to Lead Navigation Division L,ad Public Works Foremeini, \Maintenance Public Works Foreman. Robert K. Adams, from Towing LocomoDivision. Other T. Brownlee, from Lead Helavy tive Operator, Pacific Lucks, to General George A. Wills, General Foreman, Labor Foreman to Lead Public Works Dockiig and Undockimg Fioreiaiii, NavigaM ainitei nnce Shops, Maill tenan nce Division. Foreman. tioi Division. Mrs. Ruth B. T. Elders, Physical TheraMurphy B. Alexander, froni Lead Road Mrs. Mary L. Peterson, from Staff Nurse, pist, Health Bureaui. Maintenance Foreman to Lead Public Works Coco SIn Hospital, to Head Nurse, IndnsWalter E. Marek, John A. Snodgrass, Foreman. trial Division. James F. Ahearn, Samuel J. Garriel, KenCarl L. Simons, from Lead Paving and L. Leroy Barfield, from Locomotive En neth E. Marcy, William W. Spencer, Ralph L. Sell, Nslson 0. Wili.r, PeteT. Corrigan, William J. Carson, and Charles J. Roth-Roffy, Jr., Lead Foremien, Quarters March 6,1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Xaintenance, MI\aintenance Division.

PAGE 16

SHIPS AND SHIPPING New Record New RcordFloating Fair Canal traffic for ocean-going commercial ships set a record for daily average transits in February and would have broken the monthly traffic record had February been two days longer. The daily average transits was 28.29, compared to 26.65 for the previous record month of January. On February 16, 35 ocean-going commercial ships made the Canal transit, three below the all-time record of :38 commercial transits set October 26, 1934. Grace Liner Conversion Two Grace Line C-2 type freighters, the Santa Leonor and Santa Eliana, which are to be converted to lift-on, lift-off container vessels, are scheduled to arrive at the Canal from the U. S. West Coast early in April en route to Baltimore where the conversion work will be started by the Maryland Shipbuilding & Drydock Thousands of Isthmian residents will tions or admission tickets from the JapCompany. have an opportunity to visit the Japananese Embassy in Panama. Visiting Each vessel will be lengthened approxese floating industry fair which is due to hours will be from 9 a. m. until 12 noon imately 45 feet and will have a capacity arrive in Balboa from Japan March 29, and from 6 until 9 p. m. of 382 containers below decks and 94 on aboard the Atlas Mart. The 10,000-ton The Atlas Maru, carrying an exhibit deck. Each will have gantry cranes on vessel will be docked at Pier 16 in Balboa of leading Japanese industrial products, the forward section and one aft for liftand will remain in port until April 2. is making Panama the second stop on a ing the containers. The Fair display will be inaugurated 'round-Latin-American tour which will The two ships, which will probably be the day after the ship's arrival with a include calls at 12 ports and 11 countries ready for their new service in about six reception to be given on board for high in Central and South America. After months, will be placed by the Grace Line government officials of Panama and the leaving Balboa, the vessel will make the in the Caribbean and South American Canal Zone. The exhibit then will be Canal transit north and sail for Barranservice. It will mark the first use of conopened to local residents holding invitaquilla, Colombia. tainer ships in foreign trade by an American company. the Industrial Division in Cristobal for New Lykes Line Ship PC To Build Launches the dipper dredge Cascadas. Formerly, The keel of the third of 53 new cargo Two new 40-foot all-steel boarding the dipper sticks, an essential part of any ships included in the $500 million 14-year launches, the first to be built in the Canal dipper dredge, were assembled here with shipbuilding program begun recently by Zone for several years, will be constructed a solid wood core. The new laminated the Lykes BrothersSteamship Company soon by the Industrial Division in Criswood core is expected to make the new will be laid in March by the Ingalls Shiptobal. Designs for the new craft are being dipper sticks not only stronger but longer building Corporation in'Pascagoula, Miss. made by Philip Rhodes, well-known New lived. The new-type core, brought to the The Ingalls Company is building five of York naval architect. Each launch will Canal Zone from the West Coast of the the nine vessels for which contracts have be powered by a GM 6-71 engine and United States, is 80 feet long and 19 already been let. Delivery of the new will have a speed of 16 knots. After their inches by 27 inches in width. At the ships is scheduled for early in 1960 completion, one each will be assigned for Industrial Division, it was clad on all A large number of the Lykes Line service in Cristobal and Balboa. four sides with two-inch steel plating, freighters are regular customers of the bolted to the wood core to form a girder. Canal, with at least 10 ships of the fleet New-Type Dipper Stick A second dipper stick will be assembled making trips through the Canal on their A laminated wood core dipper stick, soon at the Industrial Division to be used way from Gulf ports to the Far East. the first of its kind to be constructed in as a spare by the Cascadas. The recently the Canal Zone, has been completed by completed stick was picked up in CrisMaiden Voyage tobal by the crane boat Atlas and transAnother addition to the fleet of Bakke ported to the Dredging Division in Gamships operated by Knut Knutsen of TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING boa where it was installed on the Cascadas. Haugesund, Norway, on the European VESSELS IN JANUARY N Cub Serv.cWest Coast of South America service ew C a service transited the Canal last month on the 1958 1959 A new direct service between the Pahomeward-bound lap of her maiden voyCommercial 744 826 cific Coast ports and Cuba was started age. The ship was the Gudrun Bakke, the U. S. Government -24 9 in January by the Nippon Yusen Kaisha first of two cargo liners of a somewhat Line vessels which make regular trips new type for the Knutsen group. Total 768 835 through the Panama Canal en route to With a service speed of 18 knots, the TOLLS* Gulf ports. The New York Maru made new ship has a deadweight capacity of 1958 1959 the first call at Havana and is being fol10,450 tons, is 506 feet in length, and Commercial $3,380,016 $3,927,554 lowed in the service by the Yokohama can carry general as well as refrigerated U. S. Government 87,616 53,043 Mari. The NYK Line ships on the new cargo. The vessel has three holds forward service are equipped to complete the run and four aft of the engine room with Total $3,467,632 $3,980,597 from San Francisco to Havana in 11 days, 'tweendeck spaces in the forecastle and inchess toils on aii vessels, ocean-going and smallthe fastest West Coast-Cuba transit now a trunked hatch through the poop. AcCARGO (long tons) offered. All ships will include Miami, commodations are available for 12,pas1958 1959 Tampa, New Orleans, and other Gulf sengers in air-conditioned cabins. The Commercial --__3,735,448 4,365,226 ports in their itinerary, it was announced Bakke ships are represented at the Canal U. S. Government 85,971 42,546 by Norton, Lilly & Co., local agents. by C. B. Fenton & Company. Total --3,821,419 4,407,772 16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 6,1959