Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00194
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1959
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00194
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text

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The Board of Directors joined members of the Canal organization on Gatun Locks walls to watch two wire-towing tests.*
*From left: Lt. Col. Robert D. Brown Jr., Engineering and Construction Director; Stephen V. N. Powelson, Deputy Comptroller; Robert Les-
siack, Chief, Budget Branch; Loring barn, a visitor; Robert P. Burroughs, Director; Governor Potter (back to camera); Roy Stockham, Chief,
Locks Division; Capt. W. S. Rodimon, Marine Director; Robert Donaldson, Engineer, Special Studies Branch; John W. Martyn, Director; M. W.
Whitman, Secretary, Panama Canal Company; George H. Roderick, Chairman of the Board and Assistant Secretary of the Army; Ralph
A. Tudor, and Ogden R. Reid, Directors.


St. Clair Bellamy, janitor with the Community Services Division, received his
diamond-set service pin from the Chairman of the Board, George H. Roderick.

The efficient operation of the Panama
Canal and the financial position of the
Panama Canal Company won praise last
month from the Board of Directors.
Following their annual meeting in
the Canal Zone, the Directors expressed
satisfaction that the existing force is
able to handle the steadily-increasing
number of ships which transit the
waterway, and that the Canal contin-
ues to operate at no cost to the United
States taxpayer.
The Board was also pleased that the
organization was able to cover, from cur-
rent income, the costs of the recent pay
raises and also the retirement payments
for non-U. S. citizen employees. Both
of these increased costs result from Con-
gressional legislation. Both are continu-
ing expenses.
A highlight of the Directors' busy week
in the Canal Zone was the presentation
of the new service pins to 97 longtime
employees. Each had worked for the
Canal organization for 40 years or more.
A meeting of the Budget and Finance
Committee preceded the formal Board
meeting. The last two days of the week
were devoted to meetings of the Ad Hoc
Committee on Canal improvements.
The Board members spent consider-
able time inspecting Canal operations.
At Gatun they saw the two-wire system
of towing ships through the Locks and
in the Cut they saw the new experi-
mental lighting.
The Directors also visited classes for
handicapped children and inspected re-
cent improvements at Corozal Hospital.

February 6, 1959




many functions


This big group of workers in the new Central Employment
Office lost no time last month in settling down to work. They
have a man sized job in front of them.
Before the year is out they will have completed nearly
20,000 individual personnel actions in getting the Merit System
applied uniformly to employees throughout every U. S. Gov-
ernment agency in the Canal Zone. Each agency will furnish
the office with necessary background information for individual
employees and this data will be processed here.
It is expected that it will require about a year for all per-
sonnel actions to be completed for the Company-Government.
There are 910 Canal employees who become automatically
covered into the Merit System. These are those with perma-
nent Civil Service status.
All of the others must be handled individually. The work
is being scheduled to process approximately 1,200 a month.
This figure will fluctuate widely as it will be necessary to make
field checks on many employees in specialized work.
The Central Employment Office is headed by Otto W.
Helmerichs, shown in the center aisle with the telephone. The
staff was recruited from employees of the Canal and other
Government agencies who are acquainted with personnel
The implementation of the Merit System is but one phase
of the work to be performed by this group. The eligibility card
system was abolished when the Central Employment Office
came into being. This change means that registers of names
for all types of work must be established.
This task was begun even before the office officially opened
on January 19, and several hundred applicants for work in the
Canal Zone have already appeared to qualify for job registers.
The Central Employment Office is the operating agency of
the Canal Zone Civilian Policy Coordinating Board. It is lo-
cated in the old Ancon Commissary housewares annex.

February 6, 1959


Queen Carol I, standing fourth from right and other candidates for the Canal
Zone throne are grouped at the foot of the Administration Building's steps.*
*From left, standing: Sally Sack, Irene Michaelis, Lilian Sims, Lola Frauenheim, Jackie
Ashton, Virginia Perra, Pat Rogers Diane Vestal, Queen Carol I, Ann Wood, Karen Curtis,
and Melissa Downing. Seated, from left, Mariella Meggers, Judy Meyers, Kay Hale,
Holly Sims, and Barbara Klipper.

four days




For the light-footed and the light-
hearted, the next four days are the best
of the year. It's Carnival!
Even before the blue-and-white pen-
nants fluttered to the top of their poles
last week, the Carnival spirit was spread-
ing from one end of the Canal Zone to
the other.
Small groups huddled together, discus-
sing in whispers the costumes they will
wear. In dancing classes, large and small,
gringos and gringas were learning the
fine points of the tamborito and the cum-
bia. The usual frantic hunt was on for
open trucks, in which to ride the length
of Central Avenue on Sunday and Tues-
day. Stocks of confetti and serpentine
were being replenished-only to fall into
the hands of the very small fry who had
their own pre-Carnival fun with them.
Again this year the Canal Zone has a
Queen-attractive Carol Dimpfl of Cu-
rundu. When she was chosen Miss Canal
Zone last month in a contest at the
Central Theater, one Spanish reporter
described her not only as a "rubia bella"
or "beautiful blonde" but as a "bellis-
ima rubia" or "very beautiful blonde."
He might have added that she has
brains as well as beauty. She is an
honor student at Balboa High School
where she is a senior. She is also bat-
talion sponsor for the Balboa ROTC.
And she has had prior training for her
royal post: In her second year of high
school, she was queen of the Sopho-
more Frolic and in her junior year she
reigned as queen of the Christmas
Her first official acts as Canal Zone
Queen took place last Thursday when
the Carnival flags were raised on their
staffs in the little park facing the Balboa
Service Center and in the Tivoli patio.
Specially invited guests at the flag
raising were the Panama National
Queen, the Queen from the Union Club,
the Colon Queen, the Hotel El Panama
Queen, and the Panama Carnival Junta.
Tonight Queen Carol I will be the
guest of honor at a Carnival Dance at
the Elks Home in Balboa and tomorrow
night, following the coronation of the
Panama Queen at the National Stadium,

she will preside over the Coronation Ball
at the Tivoli.
On Tuesday she and her court of
five Princesses-Melissa Downing, Irene
Michaelis, Judy Meyers, Sally Sack,
and Diane Vestal-will be aboard the
Canal's community float in the after-
noon parade. Riding with them will
be a "murga"-the Queen's Own Band
from Balboa High School.
Arrangements for the Canal Zone's
participation in this year's Carnival are
in the hands of a committee headed by
Victor H. Herr, of the Balboa High

School faculty. As Queen, Carol I is a
committee member. Serving with her
and Mr. Herr are: William B. Mallory,
publicity chairman; Sergeant Ronnie
Amato, music chairman; Peter Monaco,
chairman of the committee to construct
the float and the flag raising platforms;
and Arthur O'Leary, Jr., chairman for
general arrangements. Miss Nellie Hol-
gerson is serving as secretary and Miss
Flor Maria Diaz is liaison representative
between Queen Carol I and the Carnival
Junta. Mr. Herr and Mr. O'Leary will
serve as the Queen's two aides.

Carnival Glossary

(For newcomers to the Canal Zone or for others who are not familiar
with Spanish, "The Review" presents below a list of some of the terms
which will be much used for the next four days.)
Pollera: A full-skirted, flowing dress of white linen or lawn, em-
broidered or appliqued in color. The yarn pompoms, the ribbons at the
belt, and the heelless velvet slippers are a contrasting color.
Tumba-hombre: The pollera of the country girls. The skirt is made of
a printed cotton material, the blouse may be plain or ornamented. It
is always worn with a hat. Queen Carol I, on the cover, is wearing
a tumba-hombre.
Montuno: The man's dress, originally made of homespun, usually or-
namented with fine cross-stitch or other embroidery. The shirt is worn
tail out; the short trousers may be either plain or fringed at the bottom.
Tembleque: An ornament made of beads or tinsel or shells fastened
to hairpins or wire. Some exceedingly rare tembleques are made of
jewels. Tembleques are worn in pairs in the hair; sometimes a girl will
wear as many as four dozen pairs.
Cadena chata: Flat gold chain, ending with an ornament, which
sometimes is designed as a fish.
Mosqueta: Round brooch of gold set with pearls. Earrings of the
same design are also known as mosquetas.
Cabrestillo: Chain set with gold coins in filigree frames.
Tambor: The native drums made of cedar or palm wood. These
usually come in sets of three of different sizes. The tamborito dance
salutes the drums.
Murga: Technically, a band of traveling musicians. Usually the murga
groups accompany a queen, sometimes march during parades.
Comparsa: A group of persons costumed alike.
Cumbia, punto, and mejorana: All native dances, all with stylized
Diablicos: Bands of street youngsters, usually masked. The diablicos
hold pedestrians until they ransom themselves with a few pennies.
Toldo: An open-air dance hall.

February 6, 1959


@urmmit gardens

The World in 300 Acres

At this season of the year on the Isth-
mus the fancy of most everyone, includ-
ing young men, lightly turns to the
It is the time of the year for the
romantic to sigh with the tradewinds
in the palms for the sunbather toi
change the color of his or her skin for
the tweedy-clad to be seen at sports spec-
tacles for the treasure hunter ti dig
for doubloons for the family to have
a picnic.
For all of these pleasure seekers and
for the serious students of nature and
wildlife, the cessation of tropical down-
pours and advent of sunny skies brings
an urgent desire to get out of the house
and into the open.
Each devotee of the out-of-doors has
a favorite spot or sport but no place
on the Isthmus has the universal ap-
peal of Summit Gardens which attracts
50,000 visitors a year.
Sprinkled among these are many ser-
ious students of plant life who find the
Gardens a veritable fairyland. Here,
within a few minutes walk they can see
plant life from every part of the wide
tropical belt which encircles the globe.
Students by the thousands from Panama
and the Canal Zone take advantage of
this 300-acre plot of ground for field
studies and just plain fun. Summit Gar-
dens, because of the reputation it has
built up over the past 35 years of its
existence, also attracts a liberal share of
the tourists from all parts of the world
who visit the Canal Zone.
Recognizing the general appeal of Sum-
mit Gardens, special plans have been
developed recently to enhance its value
for nature lovers. The walkways have
been extended and additional picnic areas

are available this dry season. As a resu
more visitors than ever are expected du
ing the coming weeks. There are faci
ties available for family outings and f
picnics by large groups. Visitors a
always welcome.
They are asked, however, to obser
some common-sense rules about the u
of such areas. The cutting of plants
strictly forbidden without specific perm
sion; grounds should not be left litter
after picnics; and walks and roadway
should be used at all times to avo
trampling the plants.
Of special interest to visitors in tl
future will be information folders f
those \who are interested in taking %it
them some memento of their visit
Summit Gardens. The profusely illu
treated folders describe in brief some
the history and functions of the Ga
dens. The new folders became availab
to visitors late last month.
Summit Gardens came into being
1923 on the site of a former poultry fart
For many years the official name was tl
Canal Zone Experiment Gardens. Th
was descriptive of its functions which i
cluded the introduction, propagation, an
dissemination of exotic plants, both orn
mental and useful; the development
new plant strains native to the Isthmi
which would improve production or 1
generally healthier; and other similar b
tanical objectives.
Many of the activities have been aba
doned in recent years but Summit Ga
dens remains the one garden spot of tl
Isthmus where both botanist and pic
nicker can find enjoyment.
How well Summit Gardens fulfills su
a large order was best described in
recent letter from Guy Emerson, note






th ._
of naturalist, who visited the Canal Zone
r- late last year and spent much of his time
le at Summit, admiring not only the beauty
of the area but noting its economic aspect.
in Mr. Emerson has been a Director of
m. the National Audubon Society for 20
he years and served four years as President
is of the Society. His observations about
n- Summit Gardens aptly summarize what
d thousands of others think of its economic
a- and aesthetic value. His letter to Gov-
of ernor Potter about the Gardens is quoted
us in part below:
)be "It seems to me that this unit is the
0- most remarkable tropical garden in the
world today. It has been organized and
n- carried forward with remarkable skill
r- and foresight at a cost which is un-
he believably small, considering the re-
k- sults achieved.
"There are two aspects of this work
ch that seem to be particularly important-
a economic and aesthetic.
ed "From the economic standpoint, this
kind of operation can render considerable
service in landscape gardening, in experi-
mentation with insect control, and the
adaptability of trees to certain climates
and soil conditions. There are many
other phases in which a well-organized
arboretum can be useful, not only to the
locality in which it is situated, but to
similar organizations through the world
and especially the Republic of Panama
which, no doubt, has a problem in restor-
ation and tree culture of great importance
not only to them, but to the Canal Zone.
"From an aesthetic point of view, I
regard this operation as being equally
important with its economic phase. A
park like Summit Gardens is a beautiful
example of something done with taste
and a fine sense of beauty and arrange-
ment. Practically all of the warmer coun-
tries of the world are represented in the
Gardens with plants that have been
brought in on exchange, and I can bear
witness that many visitors from the
States have been more impressed by
Summit Gardens than by any other fea-
5 ture of the Canal Zone."

February 6, 1959


SDirector For Gorgas

One of its former residents 'ill head
the hospital where he took some of his
training when Col. Clark B. Meador
arrives here next week to take over his
new duties as Director of Gorgas Hospi-
tal. Oldtimers in the Panama Canal's
Health Service cannot recall any previous
occasion when a one-time Gorgas resident
became its Director. As Director of Gor-
gas Hospital, Colonel Meador succeeds
Col. Thomas G. Faison, now Director of
the Health Bureau.
The new Director of Gorgas Hospital
is a Texan who lived in the Canal Zone
with Mrs. Meador and their two child-
ren in 1949 and 1950 while he was com-
pleting a residency in Internal Medi-
cine and later serving on the hospital's
medical staff.
He was born in Hubbard, a small town
north of Waco, took his pre-medical stud-
ies at McMurry College in Abilene, and
received his degree in medicine from the
University of Texas in 1932.
Four years later he entered the regular
Army Medical service. He comes to the
Canal Zone from the Walter Reed Army
Institute of Research, at the Walter Reed
Army Medical Center in Washington.

Appointment System Saves

Wait At Out-Patient Clinics
The appointment system for the Out-
patient Clinics of Gorgas and Coco Solo
hospitals is working admirably but more
people could save themselves waiting
time, particularly at Gorgas, -by asking
for appointments in advance.
The average waiting time at both
clinics has been materially reduced, and
Coco Solo Hospital reported late last
month that the average waiting time
there is now down to about five minutes.
This does not mean that everyone waits
only five minutes since emergency cases
must be handled before any others, but
the average has been cut to this figure.
Pacific side residents have been spe-
cially urged to take fuller advantage of
the appointment system at Gorgas.
Calls for appointment at the Gorgas
Outpatient Clinic may be made to phones
2-6454 or 2-6414 between 8 and 11:30
a. m. and from 1 to 4:30 p. m.
Appointments at Coco Solo Outpatient
Clinic may be made at any time, day
or night by telephoning 3-2128.
Calls should be made as far in advance
as possible to minimize waiting time and
to see any specific doctor.

To apologize.
To begin over.
To admit error.
To be unselfish.
To take advice.
To keep trying.
To be charitable.
To be considerate.
To profit by mistakes.
To forgive and forget.
To think and then act.
To shoulder a deserved blame.

So why take chances?

Ask yourself if you have to, "Do I have the right to gamble
the happiness and future of all those dependent on me against
the small effort required by me to do the job safely?


Marine-----......------------(Honor Roll)
Health ..--- ....-------- (Honor Roll)
Transportation & Terminals.-----------
Engineering & Construction ------
Civil Affairs ------------------------
New York Operations ---------------
Supply & Community Service --------
Accident Pool -----------------------
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company---

'58 '57
46 65
8 18
44 41
27 29
13 12
10 5
32 43
180 216

'58 '57
0 0
0 0
1 5
1 3
1 0
1 0
2 1
0 -
6 9

'58 '57
0 0
32 37
22 109
73 179
9 0
20 0
102 73
258 398

'50 '57
37 29
5 7
20 28
18 9
16 16,i '
11 '
11 13
120# 100

Includes 12 cases Locks Overhaul, 4 Panama Line cases for first 6 months of 1958, and 1 lightning fatality.

6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW February 6, 1959.


February 6, 1959,


Civil Defense has acquired six portable
power voice megaphones. This equip-
ment will be distributed among Police
and Fire units for use in emergencies,
such as ship fires, riot control, and the
handling of exceptionally large groups of
people. The human voice, through these
megaphones, can be heard clearly over
2,000 feet away.

Other equipment received during the
month included the remote control con-
soles for the radio communications equip-
ment at the Main and Alternate Control

G. A. Doyle, Jr., Chief of the Architec-
tural Branch of the Engineering Division,
Philip L. Dade, Civil Defense Chief, and
Architect D. A. Yerkes recently made a
survey of two rooms of the Cristobal
Administration Building, the probable
location for the Alternate Control Center,
Atlantic side.

Work on the Main Control Center in
the basement of the Administration Build-
ing is being delayed pending installation
by the main contractor of under-floor
conduits and air conditioning. Work,
which is well advanced, will be completed
after the air conditioning is installed.

Ninety-five graduates of the Civil De-
fense-American Red Cross Home Nursing
course will be honored February 20 at
a dance to be given at the Santa Cruz
Service Center. Another honor guest
will be Miss Violet Henry, who has been
instructor in the course.
The party will begin at 8 p. m. Danc-
ing to hi-fi music and refreshments are
scheduled. Arrangements for the party
are being made by Mrs. Ruby Wilson,
Zone Warden.

Date Town Place Hour

SI Rainbow City School
12 Santa Cruz Serv. C
I6 Paraiso School
4 Margarita Serv. C

6:30 p.m. ,,'"

enter 8:oo p. m.
7:30 p.m.
Center 9:00 a. m.

.Official P,;,i, Cni.oCBanyPu.iiciibii'. fi,
Printed by the Printing Plait, faWl Rope, Cane

W. E. POTTER, Govem6nS sidsf;t .
JOHN D. McELHE.NY .eipi e
WILLIAM G R Ri' J,^,-I "
Panama Canal f. 'o'mariorxi

J. Ruous'HA .d.-to P .'
EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Asi taht
On sale at all Panama Canal d.Se&ice Centers.
Retail Stores, and The Tivoll Guest. House for 10
days after publication date at S. cets each. Sub-
scriptions, $1 a year; "mail-and. back copies, 10
cents each.
Postal money orders & ijade payable to the Pan-
ama Canal Company'shbuld be mailed to Editor,
The Panama Canal ReVIew',Balboa Heights. C. Z.

February 6, 1959 7

.. Worth knowing

Immunization program. A program of immunization against most
childhood diseases was given added impetus last month when
parents of Canal Zone school children were asked to indicate what
inoculations or vaccinations their children had received and those
desired. The program covers both United States and Latin Amer-
ican schools, and grades from kindergarten through high school.
It includes vaccination against smallpox and inoculation with the
Salk vaccine against polio. Children up to eight years of age are
also given the DPT series, which provides protection against
diphtheria, whooping cough, and tetanus. Children above the age
of eight are being given anti-tetanus inoculations. The four school
nurses and their clerical assistants are handling the immunization
program under the direction of Dr. H. C. Pritham, school physician.

New system. Patrons of the Canal Zone Library and the librarians
themselves are enthusiastic over a new check-out period for the
library's stock of reading matter. As of January 2, books which
were charged out for two weeks are charged out for four weeks
and may not be renewed. The borrowing period for seven-day
books is unchanged except that popular nonfiction is included in
the seven-day category. The advantages are simplification of library
routines, a longer uninterrupted use of reading matter by the
patrons, and the more rapid circulation of popular nonfiction.

Taxpayer help. An average of 50 Zonians daily have been seeking
help with their income tax from Trygve J. Johnson, left, Internal
Revenue agent, and a similar number have been telephoning their
inquiries since Mr. Johnson opened his office in Room 300 of the

* .

Civil Affairs Building. One of the taxpayers was Joaquin Bena-
vides of the Gorgas Hospital staff. From today until March 9,
when Andrew Gerda another Internal Revenue agent arrives, the
office will be closed. Mr. Gerda will be on duty from March 9 through
April 15, with Mr. Johnson returning to join him early in April.

Swimming meet. All natatorial roads will lead to Gamboa March
1. The Canal Zone's speediest swimmers will converge on the mid-
Isthmian town that Sunday to compete in the Seventh Annual
Gamboa Civic Council Swim Meet. Entry blanks are available
at all Canal Zone swimming pools. The Gamboa Civic Council
which sponsors the meet and provides trophies for the winners
hopes this year to surpass its record of 312 entries.

Automatic pumps. Patrons of the Panama Canal Gasoline Service
Station at Balboa find things working like clockwork these days,
thanks to a little gadget which fills gasoline tanks on their auto-
mobiles automatically. The automatic gasoline nozzle allows sta-
tion attendants to check engines for oil and water, wipe wind-
shields, and perform other services while the gasoline tank is being
filled. So far the new equipment has been tried out only at Balboa.
It has been so successful that similar equipment will be installed
in all other Panama Canal gasoline stations on both sides of the
Isthmus as soon as possible. Those who want the full treatment-
clean windshield, oil in the engine, water in the battery, etc.-
have to ask for a full tank of gas. The automatic control does not
measure out anything less-automatically, that is.




Speech and Hearing Difficulties Affect

large number of Canal Zone's children

Speech therapy and corrective work
with hard-of-hearing children in the
Canal Zone's schools are based on the
premise that the ability to speak prop-
erly and the ability to hear properly are
two of the most important facets of a
child's development.
The 170 or so boys and girls now re-
ceiving trained help in speech and hear-
ing make up the second largest group
in the Canal Zone's Special Education
Program for Handicapped Children. The
majority of them are in small speech
therapy classes or are being given indi-
vidual attention to improve their speech
defects. So far, the work with the hard-
of-hearing children has been limited to a
few pupils but this will be expanded with
the arrival of special testing equipment.
This year 970 pupils in the United
States schools and 796 boys and girls
in the Latin American schools were
tested for speech defects. Of these, 92
pupils from the United States schools
and 75 from the Latin American schools

were found to be in the most urgent
need of speech therapy. They are now
receiving special assistance two or three
times a week in half-hour sessions.
The most common speech difficulty is
articulation. Children with this problem
have difficulty with their th's or their r's,
for example. Some of the articulation
problems are carry-overs from baby days,
some are due to faulty perception.
Also enrolled for speech therapy are chil-
dren who stutter, children who are slow in
talking, children whose voices are so badly
pitched that they are actually unpleasant.
Three or four of the children have
speech defects because of cleft palates,
and a few are cerebral palsy children
whose speech trouble relates to lack of
muscular control.
Three trained speech therapists work
with these children. Mrs. Mary Stuart
helps children in the United States
schools on both sides of the Isthmus.
Mrs. Verona Campbell, above right, does
the same in the Latin American schools.

Miss Marilyn Flynn, left above, who was
born in the Canal Zone and graduated
from Balboa High School, divides her
time between speech therapy and work
with hard-of-hearing youngsters.
At present, all of this latter work is
being done in a special air-conditioned
soundproof room at Balboa Elementary
School. Here she teaches lip reading
and instructs the hard of hearing
through ear phones, often using spe-
cial records to familiarize them with
every-day sounds they have never
heard-or have never heard properly.
One little girl takes a small amplifier,
which she calls her little "radio," to class
with her. Use of this, with earphones,
has improved her work immeasurably.
In addition to their work with the
children, the speech therapists are also
working with the parents. Mrs. Stuart
has been attending parents' meetings at
several of the schools to explain her work
and to give the parents an idea of how
they can help at home.

Going Up-
(This one does)
Remember the two girls who were
*) waiting for an elevator at the Admin-
istration Building way back last Sep-
tember? Here they are again, and this
time they have a brand-new, do-it-
yourself type lift to carry them from
floor to floor.
The new elevator is one of the im-
provements now under way to the 45-
year-old building which houses the
Canal organization's headquarters.
Another change is air conditioning,
and a third is installation of fluores-
cent lighting. The air-conditioning
ducts and machinery are in and the
system will be tested the middle of
this month. The new lighting is now
being installed, office by office.
On the second floor, the Canal's
Executive Secretary, Paul M. Runnes-
trand, has moved into a new, paneled
office across the hall from his former
room. The latter and an adjacent
office are being remodeled into a new
Board Room with an adjoining small
private office.
8 February 6, 1959

. rt'fmlwll



It's not "down with the old" and "up
with the new" in the Canal Zone as far
as United States flags are concerned.
The Stars and Stripes with 48 stars will
be flying from Canal Zone flagpoles for
some time to come.
A law passed by Congress in 1818
states that when a new state is admitted
to the Union, another star must be placed
in the flag the following July. Now that
Alaska has become a State, a new star
will go into the flag July 4 of this year.
This law, however, was not meant
to imply that the 48-starred flags may
not be used after July 4. It is consid-
ered proper to continue flying an old
flag after a new one has been issued,
as long as the old flag is in good con-
dition. A recent picture in a national
magazine showed a Swiss hotel still
flying United States flags with only 46
stars, which is perhaps stretching the
rule slightly since this flag was out-
moded in 1912. The hotel is correct,
nevertheless. In fact, it is still per-
missible to fly the original 13-star flag.
New flags with the 49th star have been
ordered by the Storehouse Branch but
manufacturers, swamped with orders,
have given no definite delivery dates.
When the new flags do arrive there will
be no mass pulling down of the old flags
and raising of the new ones.
After July 4, the 48-star flags will
gradually be replaced with the new 49-
star variety as the old ones become tat-
tered and faded. For sometime, the old
flags will fly alongside the new ones.
The life of a flag in the Zone is very
short. The brisk dry season winds reduce
by one-half the life span of a flag. Even



*1 J..

the new nylon fabric which the Canal
began using in 1956 seldom lasts longer
than nine months.
Flags used in the Zone come in sev-
eral different sizes. The most popular

Crime Display

from Bullets

to Bombs
A grisly collection of what Maj. B. A.
Darden, Chief of the Canal Zone Police,
calls "memorabilia" is one of the sights
to be seen in the Police Headquarters in
the Civil Affairs Building.
Started in the early days of the Canal
Zone Police, the collection has been put
together through the years by members
of the Police Division and is one that
would gladden the heart of any criminal
expert or mystery-story writer.
Recently these articles, all with iden-
tification cards, were housed in a ma-
hogany display cabinet built especially
for that purpose by prisoners at Gam-
boa Penitentiary.
Along with wicked-looking murder
weapons, home-made bombs and suicide
ropes, the case contains machetes, knives,
daggers, three sets of brass knuckles
confiscated at the Gatun Labor Camp
during the 1943 labor riots, and a repre-
sentative collection of locally-produced
marijuana and marijuana cigarettes.
There are also two opium pipes, an opium
scale, crude opium, a specimen of cocaine,
and a belt used by a prisoner for carrying
cocaine. There are 10 pistols of assorted
makes and calibers, ropes used by prison-
ers to commit suicide, a spear cane, and
several counterfeit bills and coins.
Interesting as a memento of one of

February 6, 1959 9

more unusual cases in the Canal Zone
Police files, is a bullet from a 30-caliber
Springfield rifle which was used one
Sunday in 1921 by an American resi-
dent to shoot a duck near Manzanillo
Point in Colon. The bullet killed the
duck, ricocheted from the water at a
right angle, traveled slightly over a
mile to hit a Jamaican woman stand-
ing on the second floor front porch of
a house in France Field. The bullet
struck the woman in the center of the
forehead, killing her instantly.
One of the oldest items in the collec-

tion is a razor used in 1909 by a convict
to kill his common-law wife who was
living in the construction town of Bas
Obispo. The most recent additions are
samples of home-made bombs, Molotov
cocktails, and bullets found in the Canal
Zone following the students' riots in
Panama last May.
One of the ropes included in the exhi-
bit was made out of toilet paper by a
prisoner in the Cristobal jail several
years ago. He did a fine job on the rope
but was apprehended before he managed
to use it to escape.

Mai. B. A. Darden, Chief of the Police Division, looks over the exhibits.

size is the 5Y% x 934-feet type which is
flown on large ships transiting the
Canal, and on public buildings. These
flags, due to constant exposure to all
types of weather, usually last only four
to six months. The Company-Govern-
ment uses from 150 to 200 of these
each year.
The life of flags flying on launches is
also quite brief. These small flags, 2i
x 41 feet, of which the Canal organization
uses about a hundred annually, seldom
last more than four or five months.
The Marine Bureau, with its floating
equipment, has the largest number of
flags, 49; and the Civil Affairs Bureau,
which includes post offices, schools, police
and fire stations, has 28. The flag of the
United States is always flown on the
Canal's marine equipment whenever the
launches and tugs, etc., are under way
in Canal waters.
Not all of the 112 flags belonging to
the Canal are hoisted onto their staffs
every day. Generally, most Zone build-
ings fly their flags on workdays, school
days, holidays or any special day re-
quired by law or designated by the
President or the Governor. The flag
at the Governor's house is flown only
when he is on the Isthmus.
Since the Canal Company-Government
spends about $3,000 a year making sure
that all flags in the Zone are in good con-
dition, it would be completely impractical
to replace all of them at one time.
The Storehouse Branch emphasizes the
fact that new flags will be issued only as
replacements for worn-out ones and
should not be requested by anyone who
just wants to have the new 49-star flag.

At his post atop Flamenco, Signalman Evert H. Ohman
gets his first view of the tanker through high-powered
binoculars and calls the Marine Traffic Controller.

Ruben Padmore, of the Marine Traffic Controller's
Office, may never actually see the ship. To him, she
is the name he is chalking up on the control board.


Admeasurer Robert Medinger se
feet as, with the aid of the ship
Strand, he takes her measurement!

As his towing locomotive tops
Allen gets this unique side-long,

The launch operator gets a close-up look at the tanker as his launch carrying the pilot and
admeasurer comes alongside the moving ship. These men will ready the ship for transit.

"y -,, '' -i

It's a sometimes up
sometimes down
view of the ship
for Lockmaster
Fred Hatchett
from his vantage
point on the
lock wall.

Every man who helps in the
operation gets a different view

How does a transiting ship look to a signalman high
atop Flamenco Island or at a lonely station perched on
the steep banks of the Canal? How does a big tanker
appear to a Canal pilot as he guides his bulky charge
into the narrow lock chambers?
As she is locked through Miraflores, Pedro Miguel, or
Gatun, how does she look to the lockmaster or the loco-
motive operator who watches her from his "mule" along
the lock walls?
Every man who helps put a ship through the Canal gets
a different view. To some she is just a name or a radio-

he ship in cubic From the ship's bridge, Canal Pilot Leonard Hart gets
ief officer, Arme a many-sided view of the ship and the Canal. :Here,
oils computation. he carefully guides her into the locks at Miraflores.
rise just below the Miraflores. Control House, Operator B. C.
v of the big tankerjas she is towed[into the.lower lock chamber

gram, or chalk letters on a blackboard or a metal marker
on a chart.
Others get a close-up view of her as they clamber
aboard at the anchorage or as they carefully watch as
she is raised or lowered in the lock chambers.
One day recently, the Norwegian tanker "Nueva An-
dalucia" transited the Canal with a cargo of gasoline.
This is the way she looked to some of the men who han-
dled her from the time she entered the anchorage at
Balboa until she began her trip through the Cut.

In the Control House at Miraflores Locks, Frank J.
Dolan, the Control House Operator, watches the trans-
it of the tanker on a miniature model of the locks.

From the Cucaracha
Signal Station
.Cartos Centella
gets a panoramic
view of' the
Canal and the
ship as
she passes through
Gaillard Cut.

A metal marker is the Nueva Anda-
lucia to Mr. Padmore, who moves her
along a chart as she transits the Canal.

Lumber Expert Visits Zone

A survey of the Canal Company's lum-
ber procurement and usage was completed
last month by Enoch R. Whittington,
above, Lumber and Wood Products In-
spector of the Army Corps of Engineers.
Mr. Whittington is a member of the
Lumber Control Division staff of the
District Engineer's Office in St. Louis.
His services were requested by the Canal
to determine whether the types of lumber
in use are the best available for require-
ments and whether less expensive lumber
might meet minimum requirements.
The expert spent one week here last
month working closely with Storehouse
Division personnel on his study. He has
had many years of experience in his work
and was specially delegated for the sur-
vey by the District Engineer in St. Louis.

Welfare, Health Agency Drive

February 23--April 4
A drive to raise funds for three volun-
tary American agencies dedicated to
human welfare overseas and for one
health agency will be held in the Canal
Zone February 23 through April 4.
The campaign is in compliance with
applicable U. S. Federal Government
directives which allow on-the-job cash
solicitation for qualified health and inter-
national voluntary agencies.
The international agencies are: CARE
whose functions are well known; the
Crusade for Freedom-which operates
Radio-Free Europe; and the American
Korean Foundation-which has raised
funds to rebuild Korea. All three will
be represented for the campaign by
John Edmondson, Acting Mission Chief
for CARE in Panama.
The health agency is the Canal Zone
Chapter of the Tuberculosis Associa-
tion. Daniel J. Paolucci is President.
No quotas are being set for agencies
participating in this drive. Materials
will be distributed to keymen in the
organization, each of whom willberesponsi-
ble for distribution in the unit he represents.
Later each keyman will collect sealed
envelopes containing donations, in cash
or check. No payroll deductions will be
made for this campaign. The anonymity
of the donors will be strictly preserved,
since the sealed envelopes will be for-
warded to local banks where they will
be opened and the amounts contained in
the envelopes deposited to the account
of the participating agencies.

50 Years Ago
In speeches on the Isthmus and in the
United States, 50 years ago this month,
President-elect William Howard Taft
lauded the progress of the Canal con-
struction, defended its cost, urged his
listeners not to believe stories of ineffi-
ciency and fraud, and predicted that "on
January 1, 1915, if not before, the battle-
ships of the American Fleet can pass
through this Canal from one ocean to
His Canal Zone address was delivered to
a crowd of more than 1,200 on the front
lawn of the Culebra Clubhouse. The occa-
sion was a meeting of the Canal Zone
Chapter of the American Red Cross and
the President-elect spoke not only in his
capacity of future Chief Executive of the
United States but of the Red Cross as well.
The other addresses were delivered at
New Orleans and at Meridian, Miss. In
New Orleans he declared that "every
dollar and every cent (of the money
spent on the Canal) has been expended
in the interest of the Government and
not one dollar can be traced to graft in
any shape." In Meridian, he told his
audience that the Canal would be built
and asked "every American citizen .
to stand by the men who are building it."
Meanwhile, the Board of Engineers who
had accompanied Taft to the Canal Zone
reported that they were "satisfied that the
dams and locks, the lock gates, and all other
engineering structures involved in the lock-
canal project are feasible and safe and that
they can be depended upon to perform with
certainty their respective functions. We do
not find any occasion," they concluded their
report, "for changing the type of canal that
has been advocated."
Work was proceeding rapidly. The
average daily excavation in February,
1909, was 136,856 cubic yards, the high-
est of any month since the American
occupation, and for the first time steam-
shovels and hand shovels were at work on
the section between San Pablo and Gatun,
which up to this time had been touched
only in surveys and investigations.

With 27 transits in one day, the Pan-
ama Canal-on February 9, 1934-had
its busiest day since October 1, 1927 when
33 ships transited the waterway. Water-
front sources, keeping one eye on the
Canal's traffic and the other on the in-
creasingly troubled European situation,
commented on heavy nitrate shipments
to Europe-12 such ships in 21 days-
and shipments of scrap iron to Japan.
Zonians who had been feeling the pinch
of a 15 percent pay cut were jubilant as
they read that the Senate, on February 21,
had voted to return one-third of the cut
effective February 1 and the remainder on
July 1. The thrifty however, learned with
dismay that the interest-rate on postal sav-
ings would be cut from 3 to 2.5 percent, as
of April 1.

From Washington the Associated Press
reported that Gov. J. L. Schley, appear-
ing before the House Interstate Com-
merce Committee, had endorsed a "meas-
ure to ensure the employment" of Amer-
ican citizens in a majority of the Canal's
skilled labor classifications and had urged
legislation to amend the existing system
of levying tolls.

All field work of the Atrato-Truando
canal route survey was completed with
the exception of the geological investiga-
tion and the main group of the survey
party was back in the Canal Zone, spe-
cial Engineering Division spokesmen an-
nounced in February, 1949. The final
report would not be ready for two months,
Forces of the Mechanical-now the In-
dustrial-Division were busy at work 10
years ago this month preparing to careen
a 6,500-ton Navy floating drydock for
Canal transit. The drydock was too wide
to pass through the locks and had to be
tipped on its side by 1,000 pontoons which
were gradually filled with water.
Zonians were upset by news 10 years
ago this month, that a tax exemption bill
which would eliminate the income tax
exemption for Federal employees in the
Canal Zone had been introduced before
the House Ways and Means Committee.
The Panama Canal asked bids for 12
masonry quarters at Camp Coiner, to pro-
vide 30 apartments. The houses would be
partly pre-cast concrete, the first of their
type in the Canal Zone.
In Washington, Rep. Thomas E. Mar-
tin of Iowa said that an atomic attack
would be "catastrophic" for any type of
canal-"at Panama or elsewhere." He
told the 81st Congress that one of the
most important matters it would have to
consider would be the plan to increase
facilities of the Panama Canal, an alter-
native canal, or a supplementary Isth-
mian waterway-or all of these proposals.
Pretty hands reached across the Panama-
Canal Zone boundary 10 years ago this
month to cement international friendship.
The hands were those of the Panama Car-
nival Queen and her Court, four of whom
were girls from the Canal Zone. The Car-
nival, officially known as the "Carnaval de
Concordia," held its parades through the
Zone, for one of the first times in history.

One Year Ago

With local newspapers on strike through
most of February, 1958, THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW published biweekly mim-
eographed news sheets which told their
readers that Col. John D. McElheny
would succeed Col. Hugh M. Arnold as
Lieutenant Governor; that consultants
were on the Isthmus to study marine
traffic control; and that additional ben-
efits might be expected for those covered
by the group hospital and health insur-
ance plan.
CANAL REVIEW February 6, 1959

Scout Executive

Four little Brownies, junior-version Girl Scouts, are as much entranced by t
new Scout Executive, Miss Iola Arnold, as they are in the Brownie Han
book she is reading to them. The Brownies are: Kathleen Coffey, Albroo
Rosanne Masenga, Nellie Lynn Wood, and Cathy C. McCoy, from Balbo

Code of Ethics for Government Service
Copies of a ten-point Code of Ethics for Government Service
formulated by the Congress of the United States, were received in thi
Canal Zone last month from the United States Civil Service Corn
The Code is designed to "set forth in a readily-understood bu
meaningful manner basic standards of conduct as a guide to all wh
are privileged to be a part of Government service."
An accompanying explanation from the Senate Committee on Pos
Office and Civil Service stated that the resolution is to "apply to ever
servant of the public, whether he be the President, a Member of Con
gress, a lifelong career employee, or an employee engaged only on
temporary basis to expedite the movement of mail during the Christmas
The Code, the Senate Committee added, "does etch out a charte
of conduct against which those in public service may measure thei
own actions and upon which they may be judged by those they serve.'

The Code
Any person in Government service should:
1. Put loyalty to the highest moral principles and to country above
loyalty to persons, party, or Government department.
2. Uphold the Constitution, laws, and legal regulations of the United
States and of all governments therein and never be a party to their
3. Give a full day's labor for a full day's pay; giving to the performance
of his duties his earnest effort and best thought.
4. Seek to find and employ more efficient and economical ways of get
ting tasks accomplished.
5. Never discriminate unfairly by the dispensing of special favors o:
privileges to anyone, whether for remuneration or not; and never accept
for himself or his family, favors or benefits under circumstances whici
might be construed by reasonable persons as influencing the performance
of his governmental duties.
6. Make no private promises of any kind binding upon the duties o
office, since a Government employee has no private word which can b
binding on public duty.
7. Engage in no business with the Government, either directly or indi
rectly, which is inconsistent with the conscientious performance o
his governmental duties.
8. Never use any information coming to him confidentially in the per
formance of governmental duties as a means for making a profit.
9. Expose corruption wherever discovered.
10. Uphold these principles, ever conscious that public office is a public


Group Insurance Covers

Increased Health Costs

At Same Premium Rate

The 10,000 Canal employees who are
members of the group hospitalization
plan will pay no higher insurance pre-
miums this year despite increases in
Canal Zone medical tariffs which became
effective the first of this month.
> Arrangements were completed late last
S month for Mutual of Omaha to continue
underwriting the group plan at no in-
creased premiums. The agreement was
reached at a series of conferences with
officials of the insurance firm and a com-
mittee from the Canal Zone Employee
Group Health Insurance Board. No
other material changes have been made
in the underwriting agreement which will
continue in effect for a year. Employees
will have the benefit of the same cover-
age at the higher hospitalization rates.
Serving as a special committee from
the Insurance Board were Robert Van
he Wagner, Board President; Rufus Love-
d- lady and Charles McG. Brandl, repre-
k; senting the U. S. citizen group; and
'a. Harold W. Rerrie, Ellis L. Fawcett, and
Jefferson Joseph, representing the non-
U. S. citizen employees. The confer-
ences were attended by Daniel J. Pao-
lucci, Co.-Govt. Liaison Representative.
Here from Omaha to participate in the
e conference from Mutual were Gale E.
- Davis, Vice President of Mutual of
Omaha, and John P. Boler, Manager of
t Mutual's Franchise Department. The
o company was also represented by Ivan
D. McCarty, local agent of Mutual.
In announcing the coverage at higher
- rates at no additional cost to the indi-
vidual employees, Mr. Van Wagner ex-
s pressed general satisfaction of Board
members with the new arrangements.
r The underwriting agreement with Mu-
r tual of Omaha will be subject to a general
, review of all coverage now provided early
next year, he said. This review will be
made well in advance of the expiration
of the agreement to give the Insurance
Board a wider latitude in its negotiations
for group coverage, it was announced.
e Approximately 80 percent of all Canal
employees are now covered in the group
d hospitalization plan. A large number
r of new members joined early last year
when a new agreement was reached
e with Mutual of Omaha whereby bene-
fits were materially increased and the
- plan was extended to employees who
retire from the service.
r The new medical tariff which became
, effective February 1 was announced at
h the end of December.
e Principal rate changes which affect com-
paratively large groups include those for
hospitalization, general and specialty-
e clinic treatment, private accommodations
and maternity care.
Hospital and medical services rates are
f set on a sliding scale in direct relation to
salaries. The new tariff contains a change
- in that employees are now divided into
seven instead of six salary groups. The
new group includes those employees with
c salaries above $13,854 a year.
The premium rates for this new group
will be higher in keeping with higher
benefits. Individual notices will be sent
13 to those affected.

February 6, 1959


Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between December 15 and January
15, are listed below. Within-grade promo-
tions are not reported.,
Nine employees of the Panama Canal
Personnel Bureau, most of them from the
Wage and Classification Division, were
transferred last month to the newly-opened
Canal Zone Central Employment Office.
They are listed below, with their former
positions and their jobs in the new office:
Otto W. Helmerichs, from Employee
Utilization Representative, Employment
and Utilization Division,: to Chief of the
new Office.
Mrs. Heliana F. de Varela, Clerk-Sten-
ographer, from Wage and Classification Di-
vision. :: '
S-Mrs. Margaret A. Fabjance, from Clerk-
-Tvpisti Office of. Personnel Director, to
Personnel Clerk (Certification).
SMrs. Hua-W. Rigby, from File Clerk,
Emplo\ meni and Utilization Division, to
File Supervisor.
Clarence H. Browne, from Personnel As-
sistant, Cristobal Labor Office, to Supervis-
ory Personnel Assistant.
George J. Moreno, from Personnel Assist-
ant, Employment and Utilization Division,
to Employment Suitability Officer.
Hilda C. Viglietti, from Clerk-Typist,
Employment and Utilization Division, to
Qualification Rating Clerk.
Mrs. Zelda E. Glassburn, from Personnel
Clerk (Typing), Employment and Utiliza-
tion Division, to Personnel Clerk (Certifica-
Mrs. Margaret M. Kourany, Clerk-Typ-
ist, from Employment and Utilization Di-
Alex Fugate, Jr., from Life Guard, Divi-
sion of Schools, to Substitute Distribution
Clerk, Postal Division.
Ray W. Wheeler, from Lieutenant to
Captain, Fire Division.
Mrs. Edna P. Reilly, from Clerk-Typist,
Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch,
to Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Account-
ing Division.
Donald H. Boland, from Accountant to
Auditor, General Audit Division.
Barbara C. Hughes, from Clerk-Typist to
Clerk-Stenographer, Accounting Division.
Dredging Division
Edwin C. Tompkins, from First Assistant
Engineer, Pipeline Dredge to Dipper
Dredge Engineer.
David W. Sullivan, from Pipeline Dredge
Pump Operator to Guard Supervisor.
Mirt Bender, from Third Mate, Pipeline


Retirement certificates were presented
the end of January to the following em-
ployees who are listed alphabetically, to-
gether with their birthplaces, titles, years of
Canal service, and their future homes.
John B. Bombek, Illinois; Truckdriver,
Motor Transportation Division; 15 years,
6 months, 23 days; Los Angeles, Calif.
Frank A. Dorgan, New Jersey; Lock-
master, Atlantic Locks; 28 years, 1 month,
27 days; future address undecided.
Mrs. Eula R. Driscoll, Texas; English
and General Mathematics Teacher, Balboa
High School; 17 years, 4 months, 29 days;
Canal Zone.
Mrs. Perpetua B. Hackett, Canal Zone;
Appointment Clerk, Personnel Bureau; 10
years, 9 months, 20 days; Canal Zone.
Russell T. Harris, Michigan; Machinist,
Electrical Division; 18 years, 7 months;
St. Petersburg, Fla.
Phillip Schneider, Austria; Marine Ma-
chinist, Industrial Division; 18 years, 11
months, and 15 days; Panama.

December 15 through January 15
Dredge, to Mate, Dipper Dredge.
William S. Walston, from Second Mate,
Pipeline Dredge, to Mate, Dipper Dredge.
Landen H. Gunn and David J. Burkett,
from Leverman, Pipeline Dredge, to Mate,
Dipper Dredge.
Charles G. Morency, from Second Mate,
Pipeline Dredge, to Mate, Dipper Dredge.
Charles J. Connor, from Third Mate,
Pipeline Dredge, to Mate, Dipper Dredge.
Alfred Brameld, from Pipeline Dredge
Engineer to Guard Supervisor, Dredging
Division, then to Diesel Operator-Machin-
ist, Power Branch.
Charles J. Holmes and Benito Larringa,
from Small Tug Master, Dredging Division,
to Construction Inspector, Contract and
Inspection Division.
Mrs. Ruth E. Clement, from Clerk to
,Clerk (Typing), Electrical Division.
Kennth E. Marcy, from Carpenter, Locks
Division, to Quarters Maintenance Lead
Foreman, Maintenance Division.
Christopher G. Bennett, from Elevators
and Crane Inspector, Industrial Division,
to Diesel Operator-Machinist, Power Branch.
Col. Thomas G. Faison, from Director,
Gorgas Hospital, to Health Director.
Mrs. Winifred E. Kneyse, from Staff
Nurse to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Sur-
gery), Gorgas Hospital.
John H. Droste, from Pipeline Dredge
Pump Operator, Dredging Division, to
Guard, Locks Security Branch.
Woodrow W. Rowland, from Cablesplicer
to Wireman-Cablesplicer, Atlantic Locks.
Thomas E. Price, from Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, Atlantic Locks, to Guard,
Locks Security Branch.
Anthony G. Lynn, from Plant Mainte-

nance Lead Foreman III to Chief Marine
Machinist Foreman, Industrial Division.
Mrs. Marjorie L. Engel, from Clerk to
File Clerk, Employment,- and Utilization
William D. McGowin, from Commissary
Supervisor to Retail Store Supervisor, Sales
and Service Branch.
Mrs. Elsie B. Garcia, from Supervisory
Selling Assistant to Retail Store Supervisor,
Sales and Service Branch.
James F. Burgoon, from Retail Store
Supervisor to Laundry and Dry-Cleaning
Plant Superintendent, Sales and Service
Richard E. Parker, from Towing Loco-
motive Operator, Locks Division, to Auto-
motive Machinist, Motor Transportation
Promotions which did not involve change
in title follow:
Joseph A. Bialkowski, Marine Inspection
Assistant, Navigation Division.
William J. Joyce, Accountant, General
Audit Division.
George T. Fitzgerald, Towboat or Ferry
Chief Engineer, Navigation Division.
James W. Watson, Towboat or Ferry
Master, Navigation Division.
Mrs. Joan V. Corliss, Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Theodore P. Daly, Trial Attorney, Office
of the General Counsel.
Dr. Bernard K. Levin, Chief of Quaran-
tine Section, Division of Preventive Med-
icine and Quarantine.

Labor Leaders

Officers for this year for the Canal Zone Central Labor Union largest organized
labor group in the Canal Zone, appear above. From left, seated: Samuel
Roe, Jr., Legislative Alternate; R. F. Hesch, Legislative Representative; E. W.
Hatchett, President; J. H. Elliott, Secretary; S. J. Garriel, Member, Wage and
and Grievance Board. Standing: F. A. Anderson, Labor Member, Industrial
Training Committee; G. E. Mitchell, Sergeant-at-Arms; J. H. Stuewe, Armed
Forces Committee Member (Army); R. L. Mecaskey, Armed Forces Committee
Member (Air Force). E. H. Womble, First Vice President. J. H. Pfau, Second
Vice President J. J. Belcourt, Trustee; W. M. 0. Fischer, Treasurer; J. H.
Young, R. C. Casanova, First and Second Alternates, respectively, Wage and
Grievance Members. Not shown: T. P. McCann, Armed Forces Committee
Member (Navy), Mrs. Jane Fuller, and A. J. Waldorf Trustees. Mrs. Fuller
is the first woman to serve on the Board of the Central Labor Union.


February 6, 1959


As January came to a close, six more
employees were added to the ranks of the
30-year men. Each of the six men repre-
sents a different unit-the Accounting Di-
vision, the Navigation Division, the Engi-
neering Division, the Health Bureau, the
Civil Affairs Bureau, and the Community
Services Division. Three of them came
here as servicemen.
The Accounting Division representative
is Charles W. Balser, supervisory account-
ing clerk. Mr. Balser came to the Isthmus
with the Army and was stationed at Fort
Clayton from 1932 to 1939. On November
25, 1939, he came to work for the Canal
organization as a clerk at Gatun Locks.
He has been with the Accounting Division
since July 5, 1956. His hometown is Grand
Rapids, Mich.
The Navigation Division is represented
by Henry R. Chenevert, foreman of the
Launch Repair Shop. Mr. Chenevert, who
is a native of Lowell, Mass., also came to
the Isthmus with the Army. He was sta-
tioned at France Field. Following his dis-
charge from the Army he joined the Canal
organization in 1941 as a machinist in the
Municipal Engineering Division. Mr. Chen-
evert has held his present position since
November 4, 1956, and has been active in
local labor circles.
John E. Davis, general engineer, is the
Engineering Division representative. Mr.
Davis, who was born in Chicago, 111., began
his Canal career as a tracer with the Office
Engineer, now the Engineering Division,
August 19, 1936. He came to the Canal
Zone in 1928 with the Corps of Engineers
and was discharged at Fort Davis in 1931.
Following his discharge, he worked for the
Army until he joined the Company-Gov-
ernment organization. He has held his
present position since July 1, 1956.
The Health Bureau's representative is a
native of the Isthmus. Efrain Escalona,
who was born at Macaracas in the Province
of Los Santos, is supervisory pharmacist at
Gorgas Hospital. Mr. Escalona, a graduate
of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy,
joined the Canal organization January 21,
1929, as a druggist assistant. He has held
his present position since July 13, 1953.
The Assistant to the Civil Affairs Di-
rector, James Marshall, is the Civil Affairs
Bureau representative on the 30-year roster.
Mr. Marshall, who came to the United
States from Halifax, England, worked in a
number of States before he came to the
Canal November 6, 1930, as a clerk with
what was then known as the Correspondence
Bureau, now a part of the Administrative
Branch. He has been with the Civil Affairs
Bureau since June 27, 1932.
Jack C. Randall is the 30-year man from
the Community Services Division of which
he is now Chief. His first Canal job was
with the District Quartermaster's office at
Balboa. He has worked for a number of
Canal units and for the Army on the Isth-
mus, but most of his 30 years have been
spent in housing work. Brooklyn, N. Y. is
Mr. Randall's hometown.
Four of the five employees who observed
their twenty-fifth anniversaries of service
with the Canal organization during the last
month have continuous service. They are
listed alphabetically, below.
Henry J. Chase, who was born in Santa
Marta, Colombia, came to work for the
Canal organization as a commissary sales-
man. He is presently employed as drugs
and sundries supply officer in the Sales and
Service Branch.
Edward A. Eckhoff, planner and estima-
tor with the Industrial Division, began his
Canal service as a machinist with the Me-
chanical Division but has been in his pres-
ent position since September 13, 1945. Mr.
Eckhoff is a native of St. Louis, Mo.

Dalvin S. Heilman is a policeman with
the Police Division who began his service
as a Locks watchman. During his 25 years
of service he has also worked as motorcycle
officer and chauffeur. His hometown is
Arcadia, Pa.
John E. Schmidt, control house operator
with the Locks Division, is a native of Bal-
timore, Md. He has held a variety of jobs
including cablesplicer and towing locomo-
tive operator.
Burton E. Davis, whose service is broken,
is a native of Glassboro, N. J. His first
Canal position was as marine copyist with
the Mechanical Division. His present posi-
tion is Chief of the Design Section in the
Industrial Division.
A variety of jobs are represented by the
eight men whose names appear on the roster
of employees who completed 20 years of
service last month.
Louis A. Austin is a substitute window-
clerk with the Postal Division. He began
his service as an elevator operator with the
Locks Division and since that time has
worked with the Mechanical, Surveys, and
Motor Transportation Divisions and with
the Sales and Service Branch. He is a
native Zonian, born in Ancon.
Robert J. Byrne, guard with the Locks
Division, is another Isthmian, having been
born in Colon. His Canal service began as
messenger with the Locks Division. In 1941
he was transferred to the Sales and Service
Branch where he served as Commissary
Manager until June 30, 1957, when he was
transferred back to the Locks Division.
John J. Connard is a pilot. His home-
town is West Haven, Conn. He came to
the Canal as an operator machinist with
the Dredging Division. On January 1, 1944,
he was transferred to the Navigation Di-
vision as a pilot-in-training and on July 1,
1944 became a pilot.
Edward R. MacVittie is an architect with
the Engineering Division. Buffalo, N. Y.,
is his hometown. He came to the Canal
organization as a student engineer.
Thomas H. Murphy is a pipefitter, a job
he has held throughout his employment
with the Canal. He has worked at this job
with both the Mechanical and Dredging
Divisions. He is presently employed with
the latter. Mr. Murphy is a native of
Freetown, Mass.
John E. Ridge, Jr., another of there of the three
20-year men born on the Isthmus, is a
pumping plant operator with the Water
and Laboratories Branch. His first job
was as checker with the Locks Division
and for a while he was junior airport Man-
ager with the Aero Section.
James E. Walker is linesman foreman
with the Power Branch. All of his service,
which is continuous, has been with the
Electrical Division. He is a native of
Linn, Okla.
Harry B. Whitney has continuous service
as wireman with the Locks Division. He
was born in Milford, Me.
Eleven employees reached the 15th year,,
mark in Government service in January.
Two of the employees are assistant plant
accountants with the Plant Accounting
Branch. They are Jessie W. Degenaar,
of Paterson, N. J., and Cecil Kovel, of
Duluth, Minn.
Five of the other employees have con-
tinuous service. They are: Clifford S. As-
bury of Yankee, N. Mex., machinist in the
Locks Division; Anna L. Beckley of Staten
Island, N. Y., accounting clerk, Mainte-
nance Division; Oscar R. Hall of Guild,
Tenn., senior powerhouse operator, Power
Branch; Donald H. Secrest of New York,
N. Y., wireman, Locks Division; and James
L. Snyder of Beverly, Mo., assistant dry-

February 6, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15


Maintenance and construction
dredging in the Canal and in
Gatun and Miraflores Lakes, the
Pacific and Atlantic entrances
and terminal harbors is the busi-
ness of Capt. George S. Suddaby,
who tops the anniversary list this
month with 35 years of service.
Captain Suddaby, a native of
Ottawa, Canada, came to the
Canal organization as a machinist
at Pedro Miguel, December 11,
1925. He has held his present
position since July 25, 1951.
As Pipeline Suction Dredge
Master, he is in command-of the
dredges Mindi and Mandinga,
along with his other duties. The

Mindi has just been placed on a
reserve status for the next two
years, but Captain Suddaby will
continue as her Master and will
be in charge of the caretaker crew
assigned to the dredge.
The Mandinga will continue in
operation, her latest project being
work on the old East Diversion
near Cristobal. Captain Suddaby
will be in charge of this work.
Hunting and fishing are the
favorite leisure-time activities of
the Captain. He especially likes
spin fishing for corbina during the
season, and duck hunting.

goods supply officer, Sales and Service
Other fifteen-year men are: Dwight A.
McKabney of Jerseyville, Ill., attorney,
Office of the General Counsel; Russell A.
Weade of Staunton, Va., towing locomo-
tive operator, Locks Division; Fred L.
Watson of Middletown, N. Y., heavy-duty
equipment mechanic, Maintenance Divis-
ion; and Waldemar R. Zirkman of Browns-
ville, Pa., window clerk, Postal Division.

Cristobal ------- ---------.February 7
Ancon-----------------..... .....February 14
Cristobal -.....--------------- February 25

Ancon ----.
Cristobal --.

-- --- ..-----..February 6
----------------- February 17

Ancon -----------.------ -February 25
Southbound ships which leave New York Friday
are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti.
Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after
clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from
Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear
Cristobal Wednesday.


February 6,1959


A REVIEW report on


If or when the Canal Zone should suf-
fer a major disaster or enemy attack-
which no one hopes will happen-several
hundred employees of the Company-
Government will be ready to aid the vic-
tims of such a catastrophe.
This group, 642 strong, is made up of
the members of the Civil Defense Rescue
Forces. Together, they compose one of
the many units of the Zone's Civil De-
fense organization.
By the end of last month, all of this
group of 642 men and women had re-
ceived written notice of what they should
do and where they should gather in case
of an emergency. They will all be spe-
cially trained for their rescue jobs and,
from time to time, in local or national
alert practices, they will gather in their
assembly areas prepared to give first-
aid, register or evacuate casualties, or to
perform the other functions assigned to
their particular group.
The Canal Zone's Civil Defense, which
has been organized in its present
form since 1951, has two major func-
tions: Initial rescue work and evacua-
tion of personnel from disaster areas,
and damage control. The entire organ-
ization is based on the premise that in
the event of a catastrophe there would
be only two groups of individuals-
those who need help and those who
can provide that help. This would be
true equally in any disaster.
A natural disaster might be a devas-
tating hurricane or an earthquake of
major severity. Although the Zone is
well out of the hurricane belt and there
has been no serious earthquake since that
in Puerto Armuelles in 1934, no one, of
course, can guarantee that these could
never occur.
An enemy attack on the Isthmus could
cause widespread damage and injuries.
And there are other eventualities in which
Civil Defense forces might be called on
for help-an explosion aboard a transit-
ing ship, for instance, or a disastrous fire.
A master Civil Defense and Disaster.
Relief Plan, covering the entire Zone,
was approved last year. Under this mas-
ter plan, civil defense duties were assigned
to the various Company-Government Bu-
reaus and independent units. Their civil
defense duties are closely allied to their
normal operations. Electrical Division
forces, for example, would be concerned
with power and communications; Main-
tenance Division units with water supply
and street clearing. The Supply Division
would provide, food, clothing, and ma-
terials for reconstruction; the Commun-
ity Services Division would arrange for
food and shelter for the refugees.
The Master Plan calls for two Disas-
ter Relief Centers; one of these is the
Main Control Center now under con-
struction in the basement of the Ad-
ministration Building at Balboa
Heights, and the other is an alternate
control center which will be located on
the Atlantic side.
All of the rescue and rehabilitation
work will be carried on by the so-called
"Disaster Task Forces," by directions
from this main center or, should the
main center be knocked out, from the
alternate center. These "Disaster Task

Forces" are primarily the Canal's op-
erating units.
Communications equipment for the
main and alternate control centers, and
for the rescue forces, has already been
received and the stationary communica-
tions and equipment will soon be installed.
Most of the radiological monitoring equip-
ment for both training and actual opera-
tions is now on the Isthmus. Decontam-
ination trucks will soon be available.
Backing up the "operational units" in
the Civil Defense organization are the
hundreds of rescue workers and the Civil
Defense Volunteer Corps. Both of these
groups have been kept separate from
those needed for restoration and rehabil-
The rescue workers are divided into
several teams: Radiological monitoring,
first aid, litter-bearer work, decontam-

instruments will be located in the var-
ious police and fire stations across the
Isthmus. These will enable a cross-Isth-
mian reading on a radioactive fallout
pattern to be made at any given time.
Eventually, these monitoring stations will
be tied in with the Armed Forces and,
it is hoped, with some outlying areas in
the Republic of Panama.
Armed Forces Medical Corpsmen will
demonstrate litter-bearing, loading, and
unloading of casualties, and the trans-
portation of the injured. This same group
will also teach decontamination proced-
ures. First aid classes will also be sched-
uled and certified first aid instructors are
needed for them. Any certified instructor
who is willing to teach one or more classes
should notify the Civil Defense Office.1
Only a moderate effort has been
made to assign employees in the rescue

Lieutenant Governor John D. McElheny, right, and Philip L. Dade Civil
Defense Chief, look over the progress of the Balboa Heights Control Center.

nation, casualty treatment and regis-
tration, rescue and evacuation, and
transportation. Some of the rescue
workers have been assigned to the var-
ious hospitals to serve as aides and
The special training to be given those
assigned to rescue work will be done dur-
ing regular working hours, with the res-
cue workers grouped into small units so
as not to inconvenience normal business.
The training in radiological defense
monitoring, known officially as RADEF,
will be carried on at the Army Training
Center at Fort Clayton and will include
both theory and actual instrument work.
The curriculum will be prepared espe-
pecially for Panama Canal personnel.
Approximately 60 persons have already
been registered from the Pacific side for
this service. About half of this group
will be policemen and Fire Division offi-
cers. In addition, radiological detection

groups to duty near their jobs, since
a disaster could occur day or night.
The assembly area for rescue workers
on the Pacific side is the Maintenance
Division area in Balboa, on the Atlantic
side in the Industrial Division area, and
at Gamboa in the Dredging Division area.
In addition to its Rescue Workers, the
Civil Defense organization has a large
corps of volunteers.
In the Volunteer Corps there are now
209 graduates of the American Red Cross
Nursing Assistants course, all of whom
have had first aid training. In addition,
there are 173 others who have been
trained in first aid in the past two years.
These Atlantic and Pacific side volun-
teers, in case of emergency, would work
at the Coco Solo, Gorgas, and Corozal
hospitals, while those from Gamboa
would report to the mobilization center
of the reserve force, available to aid
either side of the Canal Zone.


February 6,1959



The British cargo vessel Sunek looks like a tanker, but she isn't; technically she
is a Texas knot-boat, with most of her machinery at her stern. She grosses 12,576
tons, and at the time of transit, was carrying a load of grain to Great Britain.
Second Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
Atlantic Pacific
to to Total Total Total
Pacific Atlantic
Commercial Vessels:
Ocean-going ---------------------........ 1,180 1,192 2,372 2,366 1,335
Small* -------------------------- 115 112 227 162 236
Total commercial --------------- 1,295 1,304 2,599 2,528 1,571
U. S. Government vessels:**
Ocean-going --------------------- 32 20 52 76 -------
Small* ----------------------- --- 36 35 71 126 --..
Total U. S. Government---------- 68 55 123 202 --------
Total Commercial and U. S. Govt.. 1,363 1,359 2,722 2,730 _-
*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.
**Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated
ships transited free.
Vessels of 300 tons net or over
(Fiscal years)
Month Transits (In thousands of dollars)
1959 1958 1938 1959 1958 1938
July --.....--------------------- 767 788 457 $3,681 $3,668 $2,030
August -------------------- 777 812 505 3,664 3,599 2,195
September .......---------------- 717 771 444 3,357 3,504 1,936
October ...---......----------------- 806 813 461 3,718 3,680 1,981
November ----------------- 773 779 435 3,628 3,522 1,893
December --------------------793 774 439 3,682 3,521 1,845
January ---------------------------. 744 444 -------- 3,376 1,838
February.------------------------- -- 700 436 -------- 3,104 1,787
March ..---...------------------------ 810 506 -------- 3,628 2,016
April ----------------------------- 734 487 -------- 3,363 1,961
May ------------------------------- 752 465 -------- 3,526 1,887
June ------------------------------- 710 445 ------ 3,305 1,801
Totals for first 6 months
of fiscal year ------- 4,633 4,737 2,741 $21,730 $21,494 $11,880
Totals for fiscal year 9,187 5,524 ----..... $41,796 $23,170

Heavy intercoastal shipments of oil
from the United States west coast
through the Canal during the first six
months of this fiscal year were a major
factor in establishing a new high record
for tolls for a six-month period.
The oil shipments were also instru-
mental in setting a record for cargo
shipped from the Pacific to the Atlantic
via the Canal.
Tolls for the first half of this fiscal
year totaled $21,730,000; for the com-
parable period in fiscal year 1958 tolls
were $21,494,000. Last October was
the highest single month for commer-
cial tolls collections in the Canal's op-
erating history. During that month
tolls totaled $3,720,876 on commercial
vessels. December, with $3,683,959 in
commercial tolls collections, was in
second place.
The oil shipments which affected both
tolls and cargo statistics amounted to
1,119,000 tons for the first six months
of the current fiscal year, compared to
383,000 tons for the same period during
the previous fiscal year.
These shipments, Canal statisticians
say, are at a peak in a recurrent cycle.
Periodically, a large surplus of residual
oil accumulates on the U. S. west coast.
Large quantities are shipped to the op-
posite coast to correct the situation tem-
porarily. One of these peaks occurred
-during the first half of this fiscal year.
*The record for tolls was set despite
the fact that the total traffic moving
'through the Canal was slightly lower
diiring -the first six months of the cur-
rent fiscal year than during the first
six months of fiscal year 1958. Ships
are steadily increasing in size; the av-
erage size of tankers is larger than the
average size of other cargo vessels and,
with their greater cargo capacity,
tankers pay higher tolls than the av-
erage merchant craft.
Cargo shipments from Pacific to At-
lantic totaled 13,270,000 tons for the
first six months of the present fiscal year,
setting a new record. Cargo shipments
in this direction for the first six months
of fiscal year 1958 totaled 12,611,000 tons.
Cargo shipments in the opposite direc-
tion-from Atlantic to Pacific-are now
rising after a drop which reflected the
recession in the United States last year.
The 10,689,000 tons of (See page 18)

A new high record for transits
through the Panama Canal was set
last month when 826 ocean-going
commercial ships went from ocean
to ocean via the waterway. The
January transits averaged 26.7 daily;
the highest previous daily average
was 26.23. Tolls figures had not been
compiled as this issue of "The Re-
view" went to press but there was
every indication that the previous
record of $3,720,876, set last October
would be exceeded by over $200,000.


February 6,'1959


Panama Line's Service

Praised By Passengers
Still more kudos for the Panama Line's
service afloat and ashore were added last
month to the files of many other similar
letters received by the Panama Canal
Company. The latest commendations
came from two experienced travelers and
from a large group of passengers on the
SS Cristobal's New Year's Cruise.
The appreciative travelers were George
G. Coughlin, senior partner of the firm
of Harrison, Coughlin, Dermondy & Ing-
alls, of Binghamton, N. Y., and Dr.
Charles Murrary Gratz, internationally-
known surgeon of Greenwich, Conn. and
New York City.
After Mr. and Mrs. Coughlin returned
to Binghamton from a round-trip aboard
the SS Ancon, he wrote:
"I don't think I was ever on a ship
which was cleaner or where the morale
of the crew and the passengers was any
better than it was on the Ancon under
the leadership of Captain Foley. The
Purser and his assistants were most cour-
teous, and Mr. McKnight and those
working for him made the passengers
feel at home, as though they were the
personal guests of the steamship line."
Dr. and Mrs. Gratz made the trip to
Haiti aboard the SS Cristobal and after
a week in Port-au-Prince continued to
the Canal Zone aboard the S3 Ancon.
After their return, he wrote:
"May I express to you the appreciation
of Mrs. Gratz and myself for the many
courtesies above and beyond anything
expected from each and everyone of your
splendid staff .
"May I draw your attention to the
splendid work done by your Chief Clerk,
H. E. McDonald, Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
The Skippers and each and every member
of their crews and your port officials gave
more than excellent service throughout."
The signatures of the Cristobal's appre-
ciative passengers occupied two and a
half pages of Panama Line stationery.
They said:
"We, passengers aboard the Cristobal
on December 31, 1958, wish to commend
Chief Purser Robert Hill, for his concerted
efforts in promoting an extraordinarily
colorful and enjoyable New Year's Eve
party. Mr Hill's concientous interest in,
and informal guidance of, our party pro-
gram proved a noteworthy contribution
to our fun."

Intercoastal Oil Shipments Boost Canal Tolls
To Record During First Half Of Fiscal Year
(Continued from page 17) cargo moved in
this direction, however, are still well
under the 12,456,000 tons carried from
Atlantic to Pacific during the first six
months of fiscal year 1958.
Other than the increase in trade on
the intercoastal route because of the oil
shipments from the U. S. west coast
there were no significant changes in trade
routes during the first six months of this
fiscal year.
There were increases in the number of
Colombian, French, German, Japanese,
Liberian, Netherlands, and Swedish ships
using the Panama Canal, compared with
the first six months of last year, while
decreases were shown in the number of
United States, British, Honduran, and
;Panamanian registered vessels.


Displays featuring everything from the dispatching of ships through the Canal
to the cancellation of stamps in a Canal Zone postal unit were a part of the
Canal exhibit on Armed Forces Day, January 10. The eye-catching exhibit,
showing the Canal organization in action, attracted crowds throughout the day.

The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300
net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
Second Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
United States Intercoastal ----------------------- 139 134 311
East Coast of U. S. and South America------------- 594 616 124
East Coast of U. S. and Central America- ----------- 94 147 3
East Coast of U. S. and Far East ------------------ 345 389 139
U. S./Canada East Coast and Australasia ------------.. 47 47 42
Europe and West Coast of U. S./Canada -----------. 259 248 252
Europe and South America----------------------- 245 234 142
Europe and Australasia--------------------------- 93 88 38
All other routes --------------------------------- 556 463 284
Total traffic -------------------------- 2,372 2,366 1,33
Canal Commercial Traffic by Nationality of Vessels
Second Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
Nationality Nu- Tons Num- Tons Num- Tons
ber of of cargo ber of Tons ber of Tons
transits argo transits of cargo transits of cargo
Arabic ----------- 1 -------------------- ---- -- ---- --
Argentine ------- ----- --------- 1 9,055 ----------
Belgian-------- 4 3,295 --- ----------- ---------- ---
British --------- 311 1,713,382 317 1,938,385 297 1,447,720
Chilean ---------- 26 137,352 23 147,270 1 6,127
Chinese ----------- 12 86,163 13 99,597
Colombian ------- 71 99,796 59 92,969
Costa Rican -- 3 13,504 2 18,000
Cuban----------- 10 1,324 ... ......----------...... --
Danish -------- 85 284,753 92 297,397 56 220,973
Ecuadorean------ 9 13,794 10 12,049
Finnish ---------- 4 18,999 7 27,451
French ----------- 41 149,622 23 125,839 28 163,965
German ------- 236 624,935 218 688,296 83 384,808
Greek ----------- 23 198,621 29 271,409 19 82,437
Guatemalan 1 ----- g9
Honduran ------- 31 53,039 77 73,427 1 869
Hungarian -------------- ------------ ------ ------- 3 13,235
Irish ------------ 2 ... 17,844--------- ---- -----------
Italian ------------ 38 195.,550 49 277,475 13 46,192
Japanese .------ --210 1,396,859 187 1,155,384 72 418,523
Liberian --------- 250 2,179',756 241 2,132,839 -------- -
Mexican--------- 5 14,641----------- ------ -- -----
Netherlands ------ 86 464,503 54 165,994 74 205,439
Nicaraguan .---- 19 29,284 22 32,641 --------------------
Norwegian ------- 229 1,082, 174 222 1,030,366 151 795,486
Panamanian ---- 95 374,534 139 783,044 39 94,155
Peruvian ---------. 18 8,367 19 73,217 1 1,148
Philippine------ 5 26,530 6 25,590 -------- ----
Soviet ------------- ------- ---- 2 4,990
Sparnih ..------.. 18 73,02 7 25,372 -----.----
Swedish---- .. 52 216,988 43 182,988 27 180,032
Swiss. ------ 1 9.999 1 10,338 ------- ---------
U;nited Sutite ..... .. 46 -- 2,707.494 503 2,653,209 464 2,583,090
Venezuelan---- ------- ---------- -- 2 7,416 ------
Yu,,i'la. ian -. ... .- ... ------ -------- 4 21,052
Totql 2.372 12.275.331 .2.366 12.357.017 1.335 6.670.741


February 6, 1959

A Letter A Christmas Day visitor

to appreciated the decorations

Locks Employees

This is a story especially for the mem-
bers of the Locks Employees Association
and for the others of the Locks Division
forces who spent considerable time dec-
orating the Panama Canal's Locks for the
Your efforts were appreciated, gentle-
men, and a lady from Boston has gone
to the trouble of saying so.
Although she addressed her letter to
the Department of Waterways, Panama
Canal Division, Washington, D. C., it
reached the Canal Zone last month, and
although she called Gatun Locks "Gorgas
Lock" she gave an enthusiastic descrip-
tion of its holidays trimmings.
The writer signed her name as Doris
James. She was, she said, a passenger on
the SS Pioneer Tide of the United States
Lines, which made the southbound transit
on Christmas Day.
"Aside from the giant 'ditch' and the
perfect operation of it," she wrote, "I
was impressed with this: Many people
had put much effort to make it Merry
Christmas for people they would never
see. Electricians had erected stars, sign
painters had put up the words in unex-
pected places .
"Especially notable, of course, was the
life-size Mr. and Mrs. Santa Claus and

their queer children facing the Canal on
a far shore. Very jolly! At the Gorgas
(sic) lock, in letters big enough to be
seen from both channels, were signs bear-
ing good wishes in at least eight different
"If you publish a 'trade paper' for
Canal Zone personnel," she concluded,
"please tell them their efforts, beyond the
line of duty made Christmas a nicer day
for a lot of far-from-home folks."
The holiday trimmings for the past
season were among the most elaborate
the Locks ever used. All of the control
houses sported holiday greetings, either
painted onto canvas or outlined in lights;
on the lock walls, reindeer-drawn sleighs
suggested a more romantic form of trans-
portation than the freighters in the locks.
The multilingual Christmas card which
excited Miss-or Mrs.--James' comment
stood on the center wall of the upper
level at Gatun. It was a 3 x 4 foot sign,
with white letters on a bright red back-
ground, expressing greetings of the season
in English, Spanish, Dutchb, Japanese,
German, French, and Norwegian. (The
Bostonian had miscounted by one!)
Miraflores Bridge was also dressed up
for the holidays, with stars outlined
in lights, and appropriate holiday slogans

Principal commodities shipped through the Canal
(All figures in long tons)
Commodity Second Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
Ores, various-------------------...-------- 1,827,319 2,109,926 524,191
Lumber-------------------------------- 874,585 807,490 671,973
Barley.----------------------------------- 447,757 125,179 57,310
Petroleum and petroleum products (excludes
asphalt)--------------------------------- 435,198 68,646 665,884
Sugar------------------------------------ 324,167 225,774 302,617
Wheat ......------------------------------ 322,682 594,678 217,653
Canned food products -------------------- 300,176 320,130 303,166
Metals, various...--------------------------- 271,009 255.829 17'9,591
Nitrate of soda -------------------------- 2689497 284,412 306,890
Bananas---------------------------------- 265,696 283,772 14,159
Food products in refrigeration (except fresh
fruit) --------------- -----..-----. 162,149 137,114 64.079
Iron and steel manufactures ----------------- ....100.954 34,379 3,184
Oilseeds and products------------------ 97,831 52,399 28,628
Coffee-------- --------------------------- 97,241 76,943 33.884
Putlpwood-------------------------------- 89,094 60,172 108.854
All others ------------------------------ 1,087,936 1,017,178 901,743
Total--------------------------- 6,972,691 6,454,021 4,383,841

Commodity Second Quarter, Fiscal Years
Commodity 1959 1958 1938

Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) ---- 1,484,554 1,650,221 287.537
Coal and coke------------------ ---- 821,163 1.091,064 37.108
Iron and steel manufactures..-- ------- 388,693 462,352 479661
Soybeans ------- --- --- 327,183 304,547 992
Phosphates ------------- 289397 265.242 71,763
Chemicals, uncla.sified........- .-.-. 119,400 114,o0 7 27,914
Sugar..-------------------------.-- 111,514 21.730 971
Corn....------------------------------------ 96,332 106,740 1,600
Paper and paper products ------------------ 86,475 93.4.59 94,572
Cotton. ------------- .---------------------- 83,566 86,175 18,155
Sulphur ----------------------------- 79,516 71,522 9,150
Wheat..----------.-----------------------. 78.984 100,W23 101,599
Machinery ------------------------------- 68,746 8.,272 40,773
Ammonium compounds--------------------- 63,365 42,093 15,806
Bauxite' 06. IQ_ 105,233 -----------
Bauxite------------------------------ 66,12 105,233
All others .. ........------------------------------- 1,132,603 1,304,026 1,098,799
Total---------------------------, 5,302,640 5,902,996 2,286,400

Consultants Here
For Canal Study
Three consultants of the panel ap-
pointed by the House Merchant Marine
and Fisheries Committee to study the
interoceanic canal problem visited the
Canal Zone this week for a series of con-
ferences and studies.
They were Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves,
USA, ret., Hartley Rowe, and John
E. Slater. The panel is composed of six
members, the other three being Dr. S.
C. Hollister, of Ithaca, N.Y., E. Sydney
Randolph, of Baton Rouge, La., and
Francis S. Friel, of Philadelphia. How-
ard T. Critchlow, Sta-( Director of the
panel, accompanied the group on its
visit this week.
The Merchant Marine and Fisheries
Committee was represented at the se-
ries of conferences by Bernard J. Zinck,
Assistant Counsel for the Committee.
Mr. Zincke has worked closely with the
panel of consultants since its appoint-
ment by Representative Herbert C.
Bonner, Committee Chairman.
This was the second visit of the
consulting board, although Gen. Groves
was unable to attend the series of con-
ferences held here last March. General
Groves, now a Vice President of Reming-
ton-Rand, Inc., gained international re-
nown as head of the Manhattan Project
which produced the world's first atomic
The tentative schedule for the group
when this issue of the REVIEW went to
press called for all-day sessions both
Monday and Tuesday including one field
inspection trip. The consultants were to
arrive Sunday afternoon.
Principal attention was to be centered
on independent studies of future Panama
Canal traffic and plans prepared in 1947
by the Special Engineering Division on
the interoceanic canal problem. The
traffic study was conducted by Stanford
Research Institute. The other was done
by the consulting firm of Parsons, Brinck-
erhoff, Hall & Macdonald and consisted
of a review of engineering data and cost
estimates on long-range plans prepared
in the Isthmian Canal Studies of 1947.
tHere to present the revised estimates
on long-range plans was M. N. Quade,
senior partner of the consulting firm. A
discussion ofsix different plans forthecanal
of the future encompassed in the study
was led by Lt. Gov. John D. McElheny.
A summary and discussion of the
Stanford Research Institute report was
given by Hugh Norris, Economist of the
Executive Planning Staff.
Other phases of Canal operations or
studied under consideration include
the proposed Canal lighting system,
the traffic control system, and tests
conducted at the David Taylor Model
Basin in Carderock, Md. Lt. Col Rob-
ert D, Brown, Jr., Engineering and
Construction Director, gave a discus-
sion of the Gibbs and Hill report on a
traffic control system, and Capt. War-
ner S. Rodimon, Marine Director, dis-
cussed the model basin tests.
The field trip of the panel of consult-
ants was scheduled for Tuesday night
during which they were to inspect the
new lighting system at Pedro Miguel
Locks, and take a trip through Gaillard
Cut to see the experimental lights in-
stalled there. Also scheduled for Tues-
day was the showing of a movie of towing
locomotive techniques developed with the
LeTourneau machines at Gatun Locks,

February 6, 1959


The Taboga-Now and Then

These pictures show the Taboga as she looks today, left, and an artist's conception of her future appearance.

A major face-lifting job which will
convert the sea-going tug Taboga into a
modern efficient working tug, which can
be used both in transit operations in the
Canal and on outside harbor duty, was
started this week by the Industrial Di-
vision in Cristobal.
The work will consist mainly of the
lowering of the bow weather deck and
the superstructure by approximately one
deck level, so maximum use can be made,
of the present equipment and fittings.

As a result, the Taboga will be a hand-
some looking craft, Industrial Division
people believe, and will be a much more
useful tug when engaged in dredging and
towing work in the-Panama Canal.
The conversion project should take
about five weeks.. Much of the prefabri-
cation and lofting were done before the
Taboga entered the Industrial Division
drydock this week after a trip to Serrana
Bank to service lighthouses in that area.
The work to the superstructure as well as
overhaul to the Taboga's powerful engines

is being done concurrently with the tug's
regularly-scheduled overhaul.
The Taboga is a 1,500-horsepower sea-
going salvage tug which was built in 1943
for the U. S. Navy by the Gulfport Boiler
and Welding Works, Inc. The tug was
acquired by the Canal Marine Bureau in
1947. Since that time it has been en-
gaged in salvage and rescue work at sea
as well as lighthouse work. Although the
Canal has several other sea-going tugs,
the Taboga is the only salvage tug owned
by the Canal organization.

Old Friend Returns
One of the cruise ships scheduled to.
call at Canal ports during February is
the North German Lloyd passenger liner
Berlin, which is making only one cruise
this year. The only passenger ship oper-
ated by the North German Lloyd Com-
pany at present, the 20,000-gross-ton
Berlin has been on the North Atlantic
run, making regular trips between Brem-
erhaven and New York. She will be joined
next summer by the new Bremen, which
will be placed in the North Atlantic serv-
ice in July.
The Berlin, formerly the Swedish Amer-
ican Line Gripsholm, has made- cruise
trips to the Canal other years. This year
she will arrive in Cristobal Februiary 2:3
and will make calls at Curacao, Kingston,
Havana, and St. Thomas before ,returij-
ing to New York. She is represented here-
by the Continental Shipping Corporation.
Other cruise ships scheduled to dock
in Cristobal during February are the
Empress of England, February 10; the
Nieuw Amsterdam, February 11; the
Mauretania, February 18; the Hointric,
February 19; the Hanseatic and the
Ariadne, February 20; and the Ocean
Monarch, February 21. ,"
New Service
A direct service between Pacific coast
ports and Port-au-Prince, Haiti, will be
inaugurated this month by the Mitsui
Line which is represented locally.by the
United Fruit Company. According to
West Coast agents, the service will be
started by the Kibi Maru, a'.new cargo
vessel, which is making its maiden voy-
age from the Orient.
Like other vessels of the Mitsui Line
which transit the Canal, the Kibi Maru
will make calls at La Guaira, Trinidad,
Curacao, Dominican Republic, Havana,
Tampa, and Gulf ports. The ship has a
gross tonnage of 8,676 tons and is equipped
to carry general cargo. -

Automobiles Afloat
Small European cars are passing through
the Panama Canal by the thousands these
days on their way from European ports
to the United States West Coast. A great
number of them are being carried on
freighters operated by the Totem Line
and Hanseatic Vaasa Line, both of which
have started the European-West Coast
service especially for this purpose.
The Totem Line, a comparatively new
combine owned by Wegel A. B. and. op-
erated by Arne Larson and Co. both of
Stockholm, Sweden, has four vessels on
charter which carry Volvos, Renaults,
Simcas, Hillmans, and British Fords to
the West Coast in shipload lots, utilizing
a' new kind of tubular knockdown crate
designed for this purpose. The ships
running on a;monthly schedule, are the
Hindustan, Cblytto,Bronnoy, 'and Carina.
They are represented here by Fenton and
Conl pa ay.
- Two vessels of the Hanseatic Vaasa
Line are on this service. They are the
Kersten Miles, which made her maiden
trip through the -Canal in January, and
her sister ship the Karpfanger. Agents
for this line are Andrews and Company.

.1957 1958
Conimercial----------- 774 793
U. S. Government.---. -. 28 18
Total--... ------- 802 811
Commercial- _$3,522,830: $3,6S83,959
U. S. Government ; 74,274. 93,141
Total.... $3,597,104. $3,777,1d0
*Includes tolls on all vessel. o.: ang.-.ing and sm3al.
CARGO' long tons)
Commercial----- 4.057,.s64 4,106,16S
U. S. Government 71,St06 90,590
Total- 4,129,670 4,196,758

Power Patching
Two patches, one of them the largest
shaped plate ever to be installed on the
hull of a ship by the Industrial Division
by the use of velocity power tools (gun-
powder actuated), were fitted to the hull
of the Chinese cargo ship Hai Huang
which arrived here last month with two
holes in the hull. The templating, fitting,
and securing of the patches were done
under water in Cristobal by Industrial
Division divers. The plates were made
-in the Industrial Division boilershop.
The actual driving of the studs was
done with velocity power tools which lit-
erally pierce the hull plating with a
projectile which is threaded on one end'
to form a stud. The repairs took five days.
The Hai Huang, a Chinese cargo ves-
sel carrying a cargo of corn from U. S.
-ports-to Japan,- hit-a reef while- she was
en route to the Canal. The two holes in
the hull were located under number one
hold and had ruptured the double bot-
toms which were filled with fuel -oil.
Since the vessel was too large for the
Cristobal drydock,-the method of tem-
porary repairs used was the only one
possible without having to discharge
much of the cargo.
New French Ships
The French Line, which has a thriving
trade between European ports and the
West Coast of South'anddNorth America,
is adding to its fleet of passenger-cargo
vessels which pass regularly through the
Panama Canal. In service since Septem-
ber is the Magellan, a new freighter which
joined other company vessels on the run
between Le Havre and Valparaiso.
The second new ship to be placed in
service was the Maryland which made
the southbound transit in January en
route to North Pacific ports. The Mary-
land will be followed later this year by
the Michigan and Mississippi.

20 THE PANAMA~ CANAL REVIEW February 6, 1959


February 6,1959