Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Full Text


PANAMA CANAL


Vol. 9, No. 5 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, DECEMBER 5, 1958 5 cents


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The biggest single excavation job in
the Canal Zone since the Canal was
opened- with the exception of the Third
Locks project-is ready to start.
The big job is the widening of the
channel in the Paraiso and Cucaracha
Reaches in Gaillard Cut from 300 feet to
500 feet at bottom depth. The work will
take two or more years and will cost in
the neighborhood of $12,000,000. The
amount of rock and earth to be moved
will be 6-7,000,000 cubic yards, of which
about 1,000,000 cubic yards will come
from Contractors Hill.
The widening of Paraiso and Cuca-
racha Reaches constitutes one of the
principal projects of the Short Range
Improvement Plan which was devel-
oped and approved by the Board of
Directors over a year ago. Since that
time, work has been in progress on two
other phases of the program which is
designed to increase the transit capa-
city of the Canal by about 25 percent.
Work is nearing completion on the
widening of Paraiso Bend, or Bend 1868,
as it is officially designated. The widen-


CANAL WIDENING


ing of another bend, No. 1660, is the only
other major excavation project in the
Short Range Plan. This is a curve in
the channel near the old construction
town of Empire which is considered one
of the most hazardous in the navigation
of Gaillard Cut. This project is slated
for completion after the widening of the
two reaches just north of Pedro Miguel
Locks has been completed.
Bids are now being solicited for the big
excavation job. They are scheduled to
be opened January 28. All of the drilling
and blasting, as well as the dry excava-
tion, will be done under contract. The
material blasted below water level will
be removed by the Dredging Division.
Approximately 800,000 linear feet-
over 150 miles-of drilling will be neces-


sary and about 1,500,000 pounds of ex-
plosives will be needed to break up the
material which will be excavated in the
wet by the Dredging Division.
It is planned to award a single con-
tract for all of the drilling, blasting,
and dry excavation. On the widening
of Paraiso Bend, contracts were award-
ed to two firms, Bildon, Inc., a Panama
firm, and the Tecon Corporation of
Texas. The latter company handled
the terracing of Contractors Hill a few
years ago. The dry excavation of ma-
terial at Paraiso Bend was done under
contract by Bildon, while the Texas
firm was awarded the contract for the
drilling and blasting. This work is
nearly completed, all dry excavation is
almost finished, and all but a small


Coco Solo High School Gatun Meeting At


The shape of things to come for boys
and girls in the Canal Zone's Atlantic
side towns was explained to members of
these communities last month when Gov.
W. E. Potter outlined details of the new
Coco Solo Junior and Senior High School
during a community conference at Gatun.
Bids for remodeling of three large for-
mer Navy barracks into a first-class mod-
ern school plant were advertised in mid-
November to be opened December 29.
Classrooms, shops, and toilet facili-
ties are to be ready for use when school
opens next September. The school's
laboratories, auditoriums, cafeteria,
ROTC and rifle range areas are to be
completed by the end of the first sem-
ester of the school year, or about Jan-
uary 31, 1960.
As shown by the accompanying sketch,
which shows the school as it will look
when completed, the new Junior-Senior
High School will be housed in a large
central building with two wings.
The central building will be the heart
of the school operations and its central


gathering place. The ground floor in this
building will contain the woodshop,
metalshop, and auto-repair shop. A
combined school and public library will
be located on the first floor of this cen-
tral building as will be the cafeteria,
seating 408, and the kitchens. The school
offices, a health clinic, and audio-visual
and guidance rooms will be on this floor.
All of the offices will be air conditioned.
The second floor of the central building
will contain an auditorium, seating 614,
a music room for the high school choir,
four private music practice rooms, a
music office and library and space for
instrument storage, as well as two dress-
ing rooms. The auditorium will be me-
chanically ventilated and the other rooms
on this floor will be air conditioned.
The equipment for the cafeteria,
auditorium, and shops will all be new, as
will be the chairs and tables in the
cafeteria.
The three-story wing which will be
made from present Building 1149, on the
left as one faces the central building, will


have athletic facilities, dressing rooms,
and showers on the ground floor. Each
of the remaining two floors in this wing
will have seven classrooms. A study hall,
museum, and lounge will be located on
the first floor and the elementary science
area, lounges, and a gallery for exhibits
on the second floor.
Three classrooms and an office for the
ROTC are to be located on the ground
floor of the opposite wing. Also on this
floor will be an armory and an indoor
rifle range.
Five general classrooms, a multi-pur-
pose room, an art classroom, and a home
economics and sewing room, will occupy
the first floor of this wing. The second
floor will contain the physics and chem-
istry laboratories, a general science area,
and space for a biology-science museum.
The new Junior Senior High School
building will be located not far from the
Coco Solo Elementary School. Work on
the latter is now well under way. Target
date for the completion of the elementary
school is the end of next January.








BIDS ARE ASKED


amount of the wet excavation done.
These contracts were awarded last year
and work was begun early this year.
The completion of the new widening
project will provide a channel 500 feet
wide for approximately half the length
of Gaillard Cut. This will be ample for
ships of all sizes, which can be accommo-
dated by the Locks, to meet and pass
anywhere in the Canal channel except for
about four miles at the north end of
Gaillard Cut.
At the present time, the handling of
ship traffic is considerably hampered by
the restrictions imposed by the narrow
Cut, and it is necessary to give many
large ships "Clear Cut" handling. This
reduces the number of transits which can
be handled in one day.


All of the excavation in the Paraiso
and Cucaracha Reaches will be on the
west side of the Canal. The rock and
earth to be removed by dry excavation
will be dumped in areas near the proj-
ect. Two large dump areas have been
designated, one a large section of low-
lying ground nearly opposite Paraiso,
and the other the old Rio Grande Res-
ervoir which was used as a dump for ma-
terial removed from Contractors Hill.
The terraced effect of Contractors Hill
from the previous excavation will be re-
tained, but the material to be removed
in the new project will cut back consid-
erably into the hill which has been a
landmark of the Canal since it opened.
In the course of the widening project
the bottom depth of the Canal will be


about eight feet deeper in the widened
portion than at present. This is being
done so that the excavation will be usable
in any future improvement project. The
minimum depth of the channel through
Gaillard Cut is now 42 feet while the
widened section will have a 50-foot depth
at minimum water level in the channel.
The amount of earth and rock to be
removed from the Cucaracha and Pedro
Miguel Reaches will be comparable to
that excavated over 15 years ago for the
new Miraflores Locks. Approximately
12,000,000 cubic yards of material were
excavated for the Miraflores Locks, all
by dry excavation. That work, however,
was confined to a smaller area than the
Canal widening project which stretches
for over four miles along the Canal banks.
The big excavation job will be largely
a machine job. While the number of men
to be engaged on the work will depend
on the contractor and plans for executing
the work, Canal engineers estimate the
peak employment will be about 250 men,
most of whom will be heavy equipment
operators and drillers and blasters.


CAA Planning

New Townsite

At Cardenas

The engineering firm of Holmes &
Narver, Inc., of Los Angeles, has been
engaged to make a preliminary design for
a townsite development at Cardenas for
use by the Civil Aeronautics Administra-
tion.
The contract for the preliminary report
and analysis was signed by Lt. Col. Rob-
ert D. Brown, Jr., Engineering and Con-
struction Director, as the contracting
officer for the Panama Canal Company.
Representatives of the Los Angeles firm
were John A. Brownlie and Robert W.
Collins. The work is being done at the
request of the CAA.
The townsite of Cardenas, located
back of Corozal, was partly developed
about eight years ago by the Canal or-
ganization. Plans were abandoned
after the townsite of Los Rios was
released by the Army.
An access road to the area from Gail-
lard Highway was built and much of the
rough grading was done. Two water
tanks were installed and some of the
municipal installations, such as drainage,
were made.
The engineering firm has been asked
to prepare preliminary estimates for a
townsite development-including muni-
cipal facilities, an elementary school and
playgrounds-suitable for over 50 build-
ings, including both bachelor and family
apartments. The contract calls for com-
pletion of the report within 45 days.


ON OUR COVER
A gleaming Christmas ball, reflecting
one of the Locks control towers, brings
holiday greetings of the Canal organiza-
tion to the readers of "The Review."
The remarkable photograph is the work
of Clyde S. La Clair. For the additional
art work on the cover and on page 8,
"The Review" is indebted to Dolores
Stewart.

December 5, 1958 3


COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN
The first woman legislator ever to
head the Panama Canal Subcommittee
of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries
Committee was an Isthmian visitor
again last month. She is Mrs. Leonor
K. Sullivan, Democratic Representative
from St. Louis, Mo., who will soon begin
her fourth term in Congress. Mrs. Sul-
livan visited the Isthmus just a year
ago when her subcommittee spent sev-
eral days in the Canal Zone.
During her latest visit, Mrs. Sullivan
made a brief but comprehensive survey
of housing and community facilities
and civic projects on the Atlantic side.
At the time of her previous visit, the
development of Coco Solo as a Panama
Canal community was then under con-
sideration.
Below, at Coco Solo. From left:
James Campbell, Manager, Breakers
Club, Rep. Emmet F. Byrne of Illinois,
Mrs. Sullivan, Rep. Melvin R. Laird of
Wisconsin, and Peter W. Foster, Presi-
dent of the Coco Solo Civic Council.


Mrs. Sullivan and John D. Hollen,
Chief, Executive Planning Staff,
look at Atlantic-side housing.








fill 111111


James "Butch" Stephan, in a bodycast after surgery, is coached at his home in Curundu by Mrs. Mildred Rowe.


John Arey, above broke his leg playing Tar-
zan. Mrs. Jean Karch is his visiting teacher.
Below, Mrs. Rowe works with John Oster at
Gorgas Hospital. He is in a cast after surgery.


Dear Uncle Jim:
Mom wrote you, I guess, that I broke my led. You know
what I found out? A fellow just doesn't have a chance these
days.
Used to be, when you got mango fever, like falling out of a
tree and busting something, you could count on having a few
weeks off from school.
Last time, I got sort of tired just lying there in bed and I
worried, kind of, about catching up when I got back to school.
Anyway, Mom hustled over to school and brought back my
books and tried to teach me herself, and after a few days of
her trying to explain Fractions even my old teacher looked
pretty good.
But all that doesn't happen any more. Know what they're
doing down here, now? They're sending teachers right after
you, that's what!
Here you are.lying in that big old cast and itching a little
bit and you no sooner get over hurting than who walks in the
door but a teacher!
What happened was that the teacher at school got hold of
Mom and told her that if you lived in the Canal Zone and
were an educable child, whatever that means, she'd send
somebody over to teach you.
The doctor that took care of me got mixed up in it too. He
seemed like a real nice guy but he went and Filled out a paper
that said I'd be out of school for anyway a month. That did it!
Well, here came the teacher, all loaded down with books
and papers and the next thing I knew I was going to school,
right here in bed. And every day, too. The teacher didn't
stay too long, just about an hour and a half every day. She
wasn t going to take a chance and say I was getting tired.
Not her!
It wasn't always the same teacher, either. Some days there
was the one that makes me write or read or spell or do'addi-
tion. But some days there is another one that shows you how
to weave or make things out of papers. She's Fun, but the other
one is too, sort of.
I heard the teacher tell Mom that this was part of the pro-
gram for Handicapped Children-my reading teacher helped
me spell that-and that this was just a part of helping kids
who couldn't go to school or needed extra teaching. They
said that the Governor was real interested in it, too.
Made me think if he ever broke his leg when he was nine
and did they send teachers after him? Wonder how he'd feel
then?
Don't tell Mom or my teachers, Uncle Jim, but you know it's
going to be kind of nice not to have all that makeup work
to do when I can get back to school.
Your loving nephew,
Mike


4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5, 1958























There are various ways in which air-conditioning units can be installed in homes. Here are two.


AIR CONDITIONING

booms in Zone is pleasant needs caution


Within a few years heat and humidity,
bane of the tropics, will be largely elim-
inated or controlled in most Canal Zone
homes and many offices or work areas.
The advent of air conditioning on a
broad scale has been far more sudden
here than in most places. This situation,
of course, was brought about by the
Power Conversion Project. Because of
trouble or expense, few Zone residents
installed air-conditioning equipment in
their quarters before conversion to 60-
cycle current, and the Civil Affairs Build-
ing and Balboa Theater were the only
large public edifices of the Canal to be
air conditioned. This situation, however,
is being rapidly changed.
The Canal Administration is spend-
ing slightly over $1,000,000 this fiscal
year to air condition three buildings,
including modernization of the Admin-
istration Building, and has plans to
spend about $2,500,000 more within
five years for air conditioning in schools
offices, and hospitals.
Already one large Zone community,
Margarita, has air conditioning in more
than one of every three homes. Mar-
garita was one of the first big towns con-
verted to 60-cycle current, but the present
rate of orders being received by the Elec-
trical Division for heavy outlets for air-
conditioning equipment indicates that
other communities will follow the lead
of Margarita.
While the scheme is a long way from


reality, Canal engineers are presently
conducting a "feasibility" study and re-
port on centralized air conditioning for
quarters. This was prepared under con-
tract by the Panama engineering firm of
Sanders & Duffer Associates. This firm
also prepared plans and specifications for
air conditioning and modernizing the Ad-
ministration Building, now in progress.
The consultants' study on plans to
provide chilled water to a group of houses
from one central plant was largely cen-
tered on new houses to be built at La
Boca where a new residential area is to
be developed. The report has just been
completed and transmitted for consider-
ation. Canal engineers agree that there
are many advantages to such a system
but these must be weighed against many
difficulties, one of which is the high initial
cost. Another is substantially higher rent.
This study is but one indication that
Canal authorities are fully alert to the
desirability of combatting the detri-
mental effect of living and working in
the tropics. In planning for a future
with more comfortable living and work-
ing conditions, the designs of all quar-
ters and installations are being pre-
pared so that air conditioning equip-
ment may later be installed at mini-
mum costs.
In a master plan for a five-year pro-
gram of air conditioning recently ap-
proved, consideration was given to many


important factors These include the
type and location of buildings, concen-
tration of personnel, and equipment or
materials harmed by moist, warm air.
Some buildings now under construction
or alteration will be air conditioned in
whole or in part as a phase of the project.
Among these are the new school buildings
in Balboa and Coco Solo, Gorgas Hos-
pital, the Electronics Shop in Balboa, the
Industrial Division Office in Cristobal,
and some units of the Supply Division.
Because of the large number of air-
conditioning units being installed in quar-
ters and the troubles sure to arise as a
result of a hodge-podge of equipment and
methods of installation, the Nlamntenance
Division recently initiated a survey of
such private installations. The purpose
of the survey is to advise occupants
on installations and collect information
which may be useful in establishing some
standardization on home air conditioning.
According to figures of the Electrical
Division, orders have been received for
slightly over 600 heavy-duty outlets for
air conditioners in Canal quarters since
January of last year. While Margarita
leads all other towns in number and
percentage of such orders, a backlog
of orders is being received from Pacific
side communities as the conversion
program progresses.
The effect of the conversion program
is also being shown in the number of
heavy-duty outlets being installed in
Zone homes for other major appliances.
On the Atlantic side, the Electrical Di-
vision had received orders to install out-
lets for 68 dryers, 32 washing machines,
and three deep freezes from January 1,
1957, to July of this year.
The rush to buy and install home air-
conditioning units has caused some con-


Mammoth machines will circulate cool air through the Administration Building's air-conditioning system.






cern and the survey of such installations
by the Maintenance Division is one of
the steps now being taken by the Canal
administration to set up certain stand-
ards of installation and to help private
owners avoid some pitfalls in the new-
found boon to more comfortable living.
Among the many problems anyone
should give serious consideration before
installing air conditioners are: Type of
house or room; type and capacity of air
conditioner; manner of installation; op-
erating and maintenance costs; and avail-
ability of repair facilities.
Engineers who have studied the prob-
lem here say that the variability in cli-
matic conditions from location to location
is such that this factor requires consider-
ation in the purchase and installation of
air conditioners. The moisture content
of air in quarters located on an unob-
structed elevation varies widely from that
in a house surrounded by heavy vegeta-
tion and in areas where the air movement
is low or inconstant.
The whole problem of air conditioning
in homes of the Canal Zone is so new
that prospective buyers would do well to
seek some professional advice, according
to Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., Engineering
and Construction Director.
"Because of the desirability for better
living conditions in the homes and the
rapid rate at which air-conditioning units
are being installed, the whole problem is
being given serious study now by several
Canal units," he said. "Those most di-
rectly concerned with the problem of
home air conditioning are cooperating in
our study and include the Engineering,
Electrical, and Maintenance Divisions of
the Engineering and Construction Bureau,
and both the Housing Branch and Supply
Division of the Supply and Community
Service Bureau.
"We hope by our studies and efforts
to be able to establish some standards
which can be used by employees to avoid
excessive maintenance and operating
costs and to secure the maximum effi-
ciency of units they install in their homes."


Former Canal Lockmaster
Triggerman For Missiles
A onetime Zonian, who used to help
put ships through the Panama Canal's
locks, is now helping to put guided mis-
siles through space.
The former Zonian is George A. Sausel,
who was a lockmaster at the Pacific
Locks when he retired in February 1956.
He is now working at the Missile Testing
Center at Cape Canaveral, Fla.
In a recent letter to friends he said:
"I went to work for an electrical con-
tractor last April At present I'm
employed at Cape Canaveral at the
Missile Testing Center. The last event
of national consequence was the launch-
ing of the Thor-Able (Pioneer). It
went sky-high, looked things over in
the atmosphere outside of this world,
and then decided to come back home
like the Prodigal Son, but just burned
itself up on the way. Too much of a
hurry, just like people these days .
"This is terribly interesting work at
the ,Cape, and I've had my sights set
on it for some time and finally made it.
What am I doing? I'm Chief Triggerman
on the Giant Firecracker."


FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION



SAFETY


IS NO


LUXURY


Safety cannot be considered a luxury. It is instead an absolute necessity.
The dollars spent in our safety programs are negligible in value compared to
the loss of human life, and the destruction of property or machines that do
result from the disregard of safe working practices. Financial losses in terms
of claims resulting from accidents do become enormous.
Any investment made in "accident prevention" pays off, not only in that
pertaining to property damage, but in the savings made in direct compensation
payments to injured employees and the more obscure indirect costs due to
time lost by supervisors, other workmen and the curtailment of productive
work due to the loss of a workman on the job.
In addition, management receives a bonus in the increased productivity
from improved morale of all employees who recognize the benefits they are
receiving in a safety program which is improving their welfare and safety.
CONFIDENTIALLY, we have news for you-accidents do not chase
people!
Did you ever see . .
a tread in a stairs reach up and trip a person?
a bottom drawer of a cabinet slide out and throw a clerk?
a grease spot slide over a Floor and stop under a person's foot?
a power saw turn and cut off a man's Finger?
a wrench sneak along a girder looking for a head to fall on?
a swarm of chips and dust swarming around a man's head to
put out his eyes?
a machete jump from a man's hand and strike his shin?
a box suddenly make itself heavier and strain a man's back?
a ladder jump out from under a painter and let him fall to
the ground?
a necktie grab a wheel of a machine and choke the operator?
an automobile take the accelerator in its teeth and speed
80 miles per hour into a ditch?
an electric switch handle reach out and turn itself on while
a mechanic is working on the machine?


OCTOBER 1958
BUREAU

Supply& Community Service --------
Health.-----.--------(Honor Roll)
Engineering & Construction-(Honor Roll)
Civil Affairs .....-----------------
New York Operations ...-----
Marine------------------------
Transportation & Terminals -...----
Accident Pool ------------------
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company- -


CASES
'58 '57
40 48
21 18
24 23
16 17
10 9
50 75
56 50
219 245


DISABLING
INJURIES
'58 '57
0 2
0 3
1 2
1 3
1 0
3 4
3 1
0 -
9 16


DAYS LOST
'58 '57
12 13
0 19
19 22
29 6015
11 0
14 47
6036 6
0 -
6121 6129


D OISABLIN
INJURIES
YEAR
TO DATE
's '57
7 11
3 6
16 6
15 9
10 1
35 29
17 20
1 -
105 83


6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5,1958


6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5,1958






CIVIL DEFENSE
NEWS

December 7, "PearlHarbor Day," is now
being observed as "National Civil Defense
Day." In the Canal Zone, the observance
of Civil Defense Day willbe started one day
earlier in a joint effort of the Civil Defense
Section and the Canal Zone Boy Scouts.
The Boy Scouts, on December 6, will
distribute to every home in the Canal
Zone a copy of the booklet, "Handbook
For Emergencies." This booklet was
published by the Office of Civil and De-
fense Mobilization and is a part of the
national program for preparedness.
The handbook is divided into five sec-
tions: Family preparedness; knowledge of
the warning signals in the event of an
enemy attack; Conelrad instructions for
radio information; fallout protection; and
suggestions for community planning and
emergency action in case of an attack.

The year-end election and installation
of officers in the four Canal Zone towns
where there are active Civil Defense vol-
unteer corps, are being held this month.
The first election was that in the town
of Paraiso on the evening of December 1
at the Paraiso School. The installation of
officers will be held on December 15 to-
gether with the annual Christmas Party.
The volunteers from Margarita held
their election of officers on Wednesday
morning, December 3, at a meeting at
the Margarita Service Center. The offi-
cers were installed at the same meeting.
The volunteers of Santa Cruz held
their election at their November meeting
and will install their officers on Decem-
ber 11 at their Christmas party. The
officers for 1959 will be: Zone Warden,
Mrs. Ruby Wilson; Assistant Zone War-
den, Mrs. Hortencia Critchlow; Secretary,
Mrs. Lillian Hinds; and First Aid War-
den, Julian Winter.
The Rainbow City volunteers will hold
their election of officers and give their
annual Christmas Party on December 10
at the Rainbow City School.
DECEMBER VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS
Date Town Place Hour
zo Rainbow City School 6:30 p. m.
zi Santa Cruz Serv. Center 8:oo p. m.
15 Paraiso School 7:30 p. m.





Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone

W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor
WILLIAM G. AREY, JR.
Panama Canal Information Officer

J. RUFus HARDY. Editor
ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor
EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers,
Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10
days after publication date at 5 cents each. Sub-
Icrlptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10
cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan-
ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor,
The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

December 5, 1958 7


Worth knowing
School Nurses. Two additional registered nurses have been ap-
pointed to the staff which keeps the health of the Canal Zone's
student population in tiptop condition. They are Mrs. Josephine
McDonnell, left, and Mrs. Evelyn Koperski, right. Mrs. McDon-


nell, who was formerly at Coco Solo Hospital, trained at the Epis-
copal Hospital in Philadelphia. She will work on the Atlantic side.
Mrs. Koperski, a graduate of the Atlantic City Hospital School of
Nursing, has been working at Gorgas Hospital. She will work
with Mrs. Henri Skeie among the Pacific-side children.

Christmas Mail. The Panama Line's Ancon, which sails for New
York tomorrow, is due to carry a heavy load of Christmas cards
and packages addressed to the U. S. friends and relatives of people
in the Canal Zone. As this issue of THE REVIEW went to press,
postal officials were not certain whether or not there would be
other ships-beside the Ancon-carrying mail in time to reach
the States before the holidays. In order to be certain that cards
and gifts get to the States on time, they said, air mail is probably
indicated from now on. And all air mail should leave here not later
than December 17 to insure distribution by Christmas.

Still Shopping? Then why not take a transcontinental train trip
to do it? In order to allow Atlantic Siders to do their Christmas
shopping on the Pacific side, and vice versa, the Panama Railroad
is offering a special round-trip shoppers' fare next Wednesday and
Thursday. The special round-trip fare will be the price of a reg-
ular one-way ticket-$1.25 for first-class and 75 cents for second-
class fare. The special reduced rate is applicable only on the
southbound train which leaves Colon at 9:45 a. m. and on the
northbound train leaving Panama at 9:55 a. m. Shoppers may
return either on the trains leaving Panama at 3:10 p. m. or 4:45
p. m. If they are headed in the opposite direction, they will leave
Colon on the 3 p. m. or 5:10 p. m. trains. There is no reduction
in fare for children, and no proportionate reduction for passengers
boarding the shoppers' trains at way stops, say, at Gamboa or
Gatun.
Lock Improvements. Locks personnel and others having business
inside the fenced enclosure at Gatun Locks will soon be able to
drive from one level of the locks to another without having to go
outside the fenced area. The fence is being moved out to enclose
the road connecting the various levels and a new check-in gate
and Security Force office built on the middle level. A new asphalt-
surfaced parking lot which will have space for approximately 75
vehicles, is being constructed opposite the new entrance. The
work is being done under contract by Isthmian Constructors.

Auction Tomorrow. The annual sale of unclaimed freight articles
gets underway at 8:30 a. m. Saturday in Building 40 in the Balboa
Industrial Area, not far from the big drydock. The items for auc-
tion have been available for inspection during working hours since
last Tuesday at Building 40. As usual, the collection is a varied
one, containing such varied items as empty paper cartons, sewing
machines, tires, school books, automobile tailpipes, rubber soles,
an aqualung, bicarbonate of soda, several suitcases, bags, and trunks
containing personal effects, picture puzzles, toy pistols, and baby
bathtubs. Also, as usual, the sale is to be conducted on an "as-is-
where-is" basis.








THAT


GLORIOUS

WEEK


"It is obvious that the spirit that Theo-
dore Roosevelt saw in the Canal Zone in
1906 is not only still here but has grown
with the years," Governor W. E. Potter
said last month in a letter to the people
and organizations of the Canal Zone who
took part in planning and carrying out of
the Roosevelt Centennial Week program.
"In setting up the program, I of course
contemplated that we would do the kind
of job the Canal Zone always does.
The reaction of all has gone far beyond
even the maximum that I presupposed."
Expressions of appreciation for the pro-
gram poured in from many and varied
sources. Edward A. Bacon, Deputy As-
sistant Secretary of the Army and donor
of the bust which now stands in the
rotunda of the Administration Building,
wrote Governor Potter: "This was one of
the happiest occasions of my varied career
and I hope you will believe me when I
tell you how much I am in your debt for
the opportunity of participating in the
Centennial Celebration."
Writing from the SS "Ancon," at sea
on the homeward bound voyage of the
oldtimers, Maurice H. Thatcher, sole sur-
viving member of the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission, added his thanks and appreciation
and those of others aboard the ship.
Commenting on the excellence of the
Canal Zone's Roosevelt Week celebra-
tion, he said: "It was better than any of
the many formal efforts throughout the
United States, in my judgment.
From Colon, Antonio D. Tagaropulos,
Consul for Greece, not only sent com-
mendations for the week-long program
and the part Theodore Roosevelt played
in the construction of the Canal, but also
expressed the appreciation of the Greek
colony that a man of Greek descent, Cap-
tain John Constantine, had been selected
to pilot the first merchant vessel to transit
the Panama Canal.
And from the oldtimers, the Roosevelt
Medal Holders who had been honored
guests throughout the week, came letters
and telephone calls saying how much they
had enjoyed the program and the friendly
spirit of the Zonians of today. At a spe-
cial meeting of the Isthmian Historical
Society, one oldtimer put it this way:
"It's been just wonderful. Strangers
that we never knew have taken us out
two different times and driven us all over.
people we'd never met before and
the work that has been done to put on
all this entertainment-it's just beyond me
to express my appreciation."
The tone of the Roosevelt Centennial
Week was set by "The Panama Canal Re-
view" in its November 7 edition which,
incidentally, was a sell-out. In the pic-
tures on this and the next three pages,
"The Review" records some of the major
events of this historic week.

8 December 5, 1958


^ I















































Climax of the Roosevelt Centennial Week events in the Canal Zone was the dedication of a larger-than-life-size bust
of Theodore Roosevelt. Above, Mrs. Edward A. Bacon unveiling the bust in the rotunda of the Administration Build-
ing. Below, left, Assistant Secretary of the Army, George H. Roderick, speaking at the dedication exercises. Below,
right, Mr. Bacon, donor of the bust, with Governor W. E. Potter and Panama's President, Ernesto de la Guardia, Jr.


December, 158 HE PNAM CANL RVIE


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5,1958





AN EVENTFUL WEEK


Judge John E. Deming, at microphone, headed the committee for the tree-planting
ceremony. At the Governor's right is Mrs. Richard Derby, Roosevelt's daughter.


A daughter and two granddaughters of Theodore Roose-
velt were among those at the Veterans Day program.


Frank and David Sasse brothers, were
among the Medal Holders on the ferry.


The Military Engineers Society heard
Hermann Hagedorn talk on Roosevelt.


Delegations from the Armed Forces and Veterans and
other organizations marched in the parade November 11.


The partial transit of the Canal on the ferryboat Presidente Porras was of great
interest to members of the Roosevelt family, here for the Centennial celebration.
i g / TI~


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5,1958






AND A HAPPY ONE


Maurice H. Thatcher, member of ihe ICC,
was speaker for the Historical Society.


Lt. Gov. J. D. McElheny was a special guest at the coffee
given by the NARCE for the Roosevelt Medal holders.


A highlight of the Centennial program was a musical pageant written Iby
Victor Herr and Donald Musselman and presented at the Balboa Theater.


Waldo G. Bowman, National Vice President of the ASCE,
spoke to the engineers at a luncheon meeting Friday.


W. D. Taylor, retired postmaster and Roosevelt Balboa High School ROTC cadets formed a guard of honor for the
Medal Holder, helped cancel the first stamp. oldtimers as they started their journey home after a "glorious week."






Sixty-Cycle

Conversion of Locks

To Begin This Month

At Pedro Miguel

The largest single job in the project to
place all frequency-sensitive equipment
in the Canal Zone on 60-cycle power gets
underway this month when work begins
on the conversion of the Canal Locks.
Preliminary work, on an experimental
basis, has been going on since November
12 at Pedro Miguel Locks where the con-
tractor, Consolidated International Elec-
tric Company of New York, has been
carrying out experimental conversion on
the east wall equipment which could be
spared from the Locks service.
The $2,000,000 contract, however,
really swings into full force December 15
when the east chamber at Pedro Mig-
uel Locks will be taken out of service
to allow conversion work to proceed
without interruption. The east cham-
ber will be closed to traffic until De-
cember 31, according to a schedule
prepared by the contractor.
After all equipment on the east side of
Pedro Miguel Locks is converted, the
contractor's men will move to the west
chamber at the same locks. The schedule
calls for the west side to be out of service
from January 12 through January 28.
During the period when the Locks are
undergoing conversion, they will be op-
erated on a 24-hour schedule, following
the same pattern as that during the per-
iodic overhauls when one lane is out of
service. No interference with the normal
flow of traffic is anticipated.
While the various lock chambers are
out of service, the contractor will also
convert electrical equipment in the Lock
control houses, shops, and offices.
The second set of Locks to be con-
verted will be the two-step flights at
Miraflores, and the triple flights at
Gatun will end the project. According
to present estimates, the conversion of
the Locks should be completed about
the middle of next year, except for
cleanup work.
The conversion work at the Locks
does not include the towing locomotives
nor the circuits on which they operate.
It does include all other frequency-sensi-
tive equipment for all three sets of Locks
and for Miraflores Bridge.
In each set of Locks, the contractor will
start work in the east lane. Work will be
carried on a 24-hour around-the-clock
schedule for the first eight days of work
on each of the two chambers at Pedro
Miguel. Work schedules for the other
sets have not yet been submitted.
The specifications for the Locks con-
version were among the bulkiest put out
here in several years, because of the
amount of work to be done. They listed
a total of 423 bid-items, ranging from
equipment and appliances for operating
the miter gates, the chain fenders, and
the machinery which swings the Mira-
flores Bridge span. The Pacific Area con-
version specifications, however, listed
some 40,000 items, the bulk of these
being household equipment.


50 Years Ago .


"The work on the Panama Canal is
being done with a speed, efficiency, and
entire devotion to duty which make it a
model for all work of the kind," President
Theodore Roosevelt told Congress in his
annual message, 50 years ago this month.
"No task of such magnitude has ever
before been undertaken by any nation
and no task of the kind has ever been
better performed."
In spite of the "efficiency and entire de-
votion to duty" about which the President
spoke, there were tragic moments in the Ca-
nal's construction period, one of the worst of
these on December 12, 1908. Twenty-three
men were killed, 40 injured, and several miss-
ing when dynamite exploded prematurely in
theCut nearBas Obispo. The accident occur-
red just as the men were leaving for lunch; 52
holes had been drilled and loaded, ready to be
blasted, when two distinct and unexplained
explosions occurred.
But there were good moments too.
On December 18, the best daily excava-
tion record for steam shovels "since the
American occupation" was set when 50
shovels in the Central Division lifted out
a total of 70,087 cubic yards, an average
of 1,402 cubic yards per shovel.
"Within the next few days," the "Canal
Record" reported early in December 1908,
"every village and hamlet in the Canal Zone
between La Boca and Gorgona will be
lighted by electricity. All work of wiring
the various villages and camps has been
completed and electricity will be furnished
as soon as the new 400-kw generator at
Empire is ready."
Two new steamships were in the offing
for the Canal organization 50 years ago
this month. The Isthmian Canal Com-
mission purchased, for $1,157,000, the
Shawmut and the Tremont, which had
been laid up some months earlier after sev-
eral years of service between Puget Sound
and the Far East. When they reached
the East Coast, the twin 9,000-ton vessels
would enter the New York-Cristobal run.



Business continued to look up, ship-
wise, for the Canal Zone 25 years ago
this month. Commercial ship transits for
December 1933 totaled 496, the highest
for at least 24 months. On Christmas
Day there were 20 transits, a figure
equalled two days later.
The Mount -Hope drydock, which had
been shut down for a year, was reopened
December 138, 1933, totally rebuilt. The
drydock was enlarged and provided with a
modern pumping plant.
Meanwhile, 49 United States citizens
were working as laborers on the con-
struction of Dock 15 at Mount Hope,
with funds provided by the National
Recovery Act. More men of this type
could be used, Canal officials said.


Zonians received depressing and cheering
news in December 1933. Back from budget
hearings in Washington, Gov. J. L. Schley
announced that there was little hope of get-
ting funds for Canal Zone "improvements
or betterments." On the cheering side, Rep.
Stephen M. Young, of Ohio, here on a
visit, said that continuance of the Pan-
ama Railroad ships, threatened by the
Economy Act, was practically assured.
Repeal of the 18th Amendment on
December 5, 1933, made no difference to
the Canal Zone which, officials said,
would remain as "bone dry" as it had
been heretofore until some plan for liq-
uor control could be worked out.
On December 16, 1933, the worst flood
of the year halted work at Madden Dam.
The rampaging Chagres completely covered
the powerhouse construction section with 20
feet of water.



As a result of one of the worst polio
epidemics in Canal Zone history, Christ-
mas activities were sharply curtailed 10
years ago this month. Holiday parties
for children in both civilian and military
communities were canceled, beaches were
closed, and other recreation facilities re-
stricted to older Zonians.
A number of Zonians, among them W. M.
Sergeant, now of the Contract and Inspection
Division, and C. R.Jones of theSection of Sur-
veys, spent part of December plowing through
the heavy jungle well south of the Canal, in-
vestigating the feasibility of the Atrato-Tru-
ando route in northern Colombia for an Isth-
mian Canal. More detailed surveys were to
be made during the dry season.
Reduction in force notices went out 10
years ago this month to an additional 55
skilled employees in the Mechanical Di-
vision. These brought to a total of 140 the
number reduced in a little over a month.
Train service on the Panama Railroad
was interrupted by the first serious wreck
since 1944 when several empty flat cars
on a northbound freight train were derailed,
tearing up about 600 feet of track a mile
south of Quebrancha.
The first public appearance of the
newly organized Balboa High School
Junior ROTC Corps took place 10 years
ago this month when the 208 cadets in
the group received the national colors
from Maj. Gen. Ray E. Porter.



In a busy month, December 1957:
Two groups of Congressmen were on the
Isthmus for inspection trips and hearings;
the student registration at Balboa High
School went over the 1,000 figure for the
first time; a contract for the power con-
version work at the Canal Zone locks was
awarded to Consolidated International
Electric Company; and the LeTourneau
locomotives arrived from the States and
were unloaded at Gatun Locks.


12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5,1958







FASHION SHOW
Ming blue, Persian melon, Corsair
green mingled with trapezes, balloons,
bells, and empires one evening last
month, and the Canal Zone's ladies
ooh'd and ah'd. They knew what it
was all about, even if the gentlemen
with some of them didn't.
What was going on was a fashion
show, one of the most impressive ever
staged in the Canal Zone and the pre-
dominantly feminine audience was
learning what they should wear if they
expect to be the glass of fashion at this
year's holiday parties.
Produced by the Supply Division at
the Balboa Theater, the show was de- ..
scribed as a "collection of late-day
cocktail and evening gowns, featuring
the new elegance and sophistication of ..-

this season's empire, bubble, and har-
em trend."
Models for the gowns were: Susan
Barrett, Norma Bryner, Sonia Cana,
Fay Day, Carol Dimpfl, Lola Frauen-
helm, Eve Grassau, Mercedes Garcia,
Edith Dean, Majbrett Holcroft, Mar-
garita Preciado, Louise Tate, Mary
Watson, Emily Wilkinson, and Migno-
nette Williams. Sheila Holcroft man-
aged the big clock, a feature of the
stage setting.
i Constance Gerrans, well known for
her work in style shows, was producer
and director for the evening's program,
assisted by personnel from the Supply
.,. Division. Above is Mary Watson, last
year's Girls State Governor, in a "Cor-
sair green peau de sole gown" (or so
the program said), and at the left is a
S.* -group of the fashion show models.



National Labor Leaders Here



























Top labor officials of the United States held an normall discussion of labor matters last month with Governor Potter and
his staff. Facing the Governor, from left: James Brownlow, President of the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department; E. W.
Hatchett, Central Labor Union President- James Campbell, National President of the AFGE; Orren Burrows, Na-
tional Representative of the IBEW; and William Ryan, President, District 44, International Association of Machinists.









ANNIVERSARIES


MAN OF DISTINCTION


Miguel Corco


- 4.I Years of Service


He was born in Olat, Spain; came to the Isthmus when he was seven years old

He served in the Army during World War I, later was active in the American Legion

He has been with the Canal organization since 1919, is now Staff Assistant
to the Comptroller


40 YEARS
Alexander McKeown knows all about
wood ,.,rkirgi, having spent 40 years op-
erating ai ii mill, planer machines, and
doing all types of wood work involving
ships. He has also
constructed, in-
stalled, and re- .
paired such "house .
work" items as t
tables, desks, cab-
inets, closets, deck .
houses, berths and '
interior and exter-
ior woodwork.
Mr. McKeown,
who was born at
Culebra, began his
Canal service as an
apprentice shipwright in the Marine Bu-
reau, February 15, 1918-one of the first
of the Canal's apprentices-and has been
with that Bureau ever since. He is now
employed at Mount Hope. Mr. McKeown
received an incentive award a few years
ago for a suggestion regarding certain
changes in machinery in the Balboa Shops.
35 YEARS
Only two employees were added this
month to the list of those with 35 years of
service. Both men began their Canal serv-
ice with temporary jobs during school va-
cation.
Robert A. Engelke's first job was as a
messenger in the Balboa Shops. He now
holds the position of Administrative Assist-
ant in the Dredging Division. Mr. En-
gelke, who is a native of Norfolk, Va., is
usually the first representative of the Dredg-
ing Division from whom information is re-
quested pertinent to Dredging functions by
other Panama Canal units, the Armed For-
cesi or commercial organizations.
John H. Joyner, of Ponce, P. R., began
his Canal service as steersman on the steam
launch Hyacinth-a job he held temporarily
during summer vacation from school. Mr.
Joyner is now Shop Superintendent in the
Motor Transportation Division. He re-
cently was awarded an Accident Prevention
Certificate for his outstanding accident pre-
vention efforts while Chief of the Northern
District of the Motor Transportation Di-
vision during 1957.
30 YEARS
Two native Zonians and two women are
among the employees who passed the 30-
year mark in Canal service during No-
vember.
Joseph L. Hummer, who was born in the
town of Empire which stood on the banks
of the Canal during the construction period,
joined the Canal organization July 25, 1924.
His first job was with what was then known
as the Operations and Maintenance Depart-
ment. He is presently a machinist with the
Locks Division.
John A. Taber was born at the Colon
Hospital and, like Mr. Hummer, began his
service with the Operations and Mainte-
nance Department. Since that time he has
worked as a seaman, oiler, and ramp oper-
ator. Subsequently, he joined the Fire Di-
vision where he advanced to the rank of
Captain, the position he now holds.
Mrs. Mildred K. Clisboe, who is one of


the two women celebrating 30 years of
service, is a native of Louisville, Ky. She
was first employed with the Canal as a
temporary clerk in the Accounting Division
and is now Statistical Clerk at Gorgas
Hospital.
Mrs. Helen F. Heim, the other 30-year
woman employee, is Cargo Clerk with the
Transportation and Terminals Division.
She is a native of Pittsburgh, Pa., and was.
first employed as a clerk with the Panama
Railroad. She also has service with the
Health Bureau and the Accounting Divi-
sion.
Charles McG. Brandl, of Asheville, N. C.,
is a Civil Engineer in the Engineering Di-
vision; he began his Canal service as a sur-
veyor, November 24, 1928. His service is
continuous and has all been with the Engi-
neering and Construction Bureau.
Sam R. Cunningham, of Sedalia, Mo., is
Accounting Assistant in charge of steamship
clearances in the Accounting Division. His
service with the Canal organization is un-
broken.
Roy M. Walther, of Elko, Nev., has con-
tinuous service with the Postal Division. He
now holds the position of Window Clerk.
25 YEARS
The two employees who completed a
quarter century of Canal service last month
both began their employment with positions
in the old Operation and Maintenance De-
partment.
They are Peter H. Borger, of New York,
who came to work as an artisan, and Glas-
ford C. Brown, of Port Antonio, Jamaica.
Mr. Borger is now Pumping Plant Operator
with the Maintenance Division, while Mr.
Brown is employed as a Signalman. The
latter has had continuous service in this pos-
ition, now a unit of the Marine Bureau.
20 YEARS
Eleven employees celebrated two decades
of Canal service during the month of No-
vember.
Wesley H. Bailey, whose hometown is
Bogalusa, La., began his Canal service as
an artisan in the Construction Quarter-
master Division, which is now the Mainte-
nance Division. He is now working as a
Machinist with the Engineering and Con-
struction Bureau.
Paul M. Disharoon, Jr., is a Marine Ma-
chinist with the Marine Bureau. The serv-
ice of Mr. Disharoon, who is a native of
Norfolk, Va., was broken by a tour of duty
in the U. S. Navy. He began his Canal
service as a Tracer in the old Operations
and Maintenance Department.
Charles S. Howe, of Marblehead, Mass.,
is Construction and Maintenance Superin-
tendent of Harbors in the Dredging Divis-
ion. He began his career, which was broken
by military service, as a student hydrog-
rapher.
William W. E. Hoyle was born in Provi-
dence, R. I., and began his employment
with the Canal as a customs guard. His
present position is Senior Customs Inspec-
tor at Balboa.
Lee B. Hunnicutt, a native of Marlin,


Tex., is Supervisory Cargo Assistant with
the Terminals Division. He began his serv-
ice, which is continuous, as a commissary
assistant with the Panama Railroad.
Rex 0. Knight has held a variety of jobs
including policeman, and motor inspector
with the Fire Division since he joined the
Canal organization. Mr. Knight, now Au-
tomobile Machinist with the Transporta-
tion and Terminals Bureau, is a native of
Lamar, Ark.
Willis N. Pence has continuous service
with the Electrical Division, where he is
now a Wireman. He is a native of North
Carolina, born in Mecklinberg County.
Mrs. Delta Sampsell's service is also
continuous. She is Obstetrics Nurse Super-
visor at Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Sampsell,
whose hometown is Libertyville, Md., be-
gan her service as a nurse with the Health
Bureau.
Norbert M. Schommer comes from Wis-
consin. He was born at Random Lake.
All of his service has been with the Supply
and Community Service Bureau. His pres-
ent position is Chief of the Budget and
Statistics Section of the Supply Division.
He came to the Canal in 1941 as an account-
ing clerk.
Glen W. Winberg has a record of contin-
uous service with the Dredging Division
where he is now serving as Chief Towboat
or Ferry Engineer. He is a native of Fair-
hope, Ala.
Nelson E. Wise, of Royal Center, Ind.,
is Project Coordinator with the Engineer-
ing and Construction Bureau. His service
is continuous.
15 YEARS
A round dozen employees reached the 15-
year mark during the last month. Three
of them were born outside the United States.
They are William F. O'Sullivan, Trans-
lator with the Administrative Branch who
was born in the Philippine Islands; Joseph
Quintal, Machinist with the Locks Division,
of Funchal, Isle of Madeira, Portugal; and
Thomas N. Stewart, Fire Sergeant with the
Civil Affairs Bureau, who was born in
Ancon.
Others with 15 years of service are:
Theodore F. Babich, of Ambridge, Pa.,
Towing Locomotive Operator with the Ma-
rine Bureau; Robert F. Boyd, Staten Island,
N. Y., Pilot with the Navigation Division;
Albert W. Degen, Scranton, Pa., General
Foreman Stevedore with the Transporta-
tion and Terminals Bureau; Irene A. La-
drach, Twinberg, Ohio, Nurse Supervisor,
General Medical and Surgical, with the
Health Bureau; and Wilfred A. Lavallee,
Worchester, Mass., Machinist with the
Locks Division.
Others are Mrs. Edna P. Reilly, of New
York, Clerk-Typist with the Engineering
and Construction Bureau; Hugh M. Thomas
Jr., of Los Angeles, Maintenance Machin-
ist with the Marine Bureau, and Clarence
R. Vosburgh, of Warsaw, N. Y., Elementary
and Secondary School Teacher with the
Division of Schools.


14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5,1958






Work On Bridge Approach Accounting Lecture Series

To Begin In Dry Season Sponsored By Comptroller


Construction of the half-mile-long ap-
proach to join the high-level bridge over
the Canal with Thatcher Highway will be-
gin during the coming dry season and from
then until the first automobile crosses the
structure some four years hence, the entire
Pacific area in the vicinity of the location
will be a beehive of activity.
The Panama Canal Company is now
accepting bids for the grading and other
necessary work for the west side approach.
They will be opened December 15. Offers
are expected to be received both from
local contracting firms and companies in
the United States.
This is the first of two major con-
tracts on the bridge construction to be
advertised for bids. Plans and specifi-
cations are almost ready for issue to
prospective bidders for the east ap-
proach work. It is presently planned
to advertise for bids about the end of
December and open bids February 2.
Both pieces of work are primarily earth-
moving jobs, although the widening and
repaving of Fourth of July Avenue will be
included in the east approach contract.
This main traffic artery along the boundary
will be widened to 61 feet and will be a
four-lane highway with a six-foot parking
lane on the Panama side of the street.
The grading for the west approach will
include both fill and cut. The gradually-
inclined approach will leave the existing
Thatcher Highway about one mile from
the ferry slip and cross the north end of
Farfan Hill. Its construction will require
the relocation of a section of Farfan Road


which will join Thatcher Highway north
of its present junction.
Approximately 350,000 cubic yards of
material must be moved, either by excava-
tion or fill, in building the west approach.
Most of the fill material required will
come from the cut through Farfan Hill.
The construction of the east side ap-
proach will be the larger of these two
projects because of the extensive new
traffic connections needed at the Limit.
Heavy fill work will be needed for the
approach which will cross the mud flats
between Amador Road and the Canal
Zone boundary. Much of this will come
from the cut required at Chorrillo Hill
and other borrow areas will be designated.
The division of traffic to and from
Panama by the Avenida de los Poetas
and Fourth of July Avenue will be by
four different routes. Traffic moving
into Panama City will leave the main
approach by a direct route. In the
opposite direction, cars will move over
an overpass of the connecting traffic
lane from the bridge to Fourth of July
Avenue, joining the traffic lane leading
from that avenue to the bridge just
south of the Gavilan Area. The east
approach contract will also include pro-
vision for a connecting link to the ap-
proach from Balboa Road.
This division of traffic is expected to
expedite the movement of cars expected
to grow increasingly heavy in the coming
years. Under the plan there will be only
two main traffic lanes which will converge
and no lanes crossing others to interrupt
the orderly movement of vehicles.


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS

October 15 through November 15
Employees who were promoted or trans- ant Marine Engineer (Taboga) to Chief
ferred between October 15 and November Towboat or Ferry Engineer, Ferry Service.
15 are listed below. Within-grade promo- John W. Litton, from Marine Machinist,
tions are not reported. Industrial Division, to Machinist, Locks
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Division.
Albert B. Cooper, from Police Sergeant Ollin P. Strickland, from Lead Foreman
to Motorcycle Sergeant, Police Division. Shipwright II and Assistant Dockmaster,
Jordan E. Walbridge, from Sheetmetal to Joiner, Industrial Division.
Worker, Industrial Division, to Firefighter, William Wirtz, Jr., from Shipwright to
Fire Division. Lead Foreman Shipwright II and Assistant
Mrs. Ruth Belcher, from Substitute Dockmaster, Industrial Division.
Teacher to Recreation Assistant, Division NEW YORK OPERATIONS
of S FICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Peter A. DeStefano, from Accountant to
Alfredo Lombana, from Tabulating Equip- Administrative Officer, New York Opera-
ment Operator to Accounting Clerk, Ac- tions.
counting Division. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
BUREAU L. Leroy Barfield, from Locomotive Crane
Mrs. Lucille M. Flenniken, from Account- Steam Engineer, Locks Division, to Road
ing Clerk, Accounting Division to Cost and Yard Locomotive Engineer, Railroad
Accounting Clerk, Dredging Division. Division.
Mrs. Florence K. Redmond, from Clerk- Walter E. Robison, from Air Brake Me-
Typist to Veritypist, Engineering Division. chanic to Wood and Steel Carman Inspec-
Mrs. Ruth Clement, from Cargo Clerk, tor, Railroad Division.
Terminals Division, to Clerk, Electrical Mrs. Wilma D. Crump, from Clerk-Ste-
Division. nographer to Secretary (Stenography), Office
Julius F. McGahhey, from Supervisory of Transportation and Terminals Director.
Steward, Sales and Services Branch, to OTHER PROMOTIONS
Pumping Plant Operator II, Water and Promotions which did not involve change
Laboratories Branch. of title are
HEALTH BUREAU of title are:
Mrs. Lea N. Lane, from Recreation As- Paul T. Dunn, Attorney, Office of Gen-
sistant, Division of Schools, to Recreation eral Counsel.
Leader, Corozal Hospital. Mrs. Phyllis H. Crook, Clerk-Stenogra-
Mrs. Olga S. Luque, from Clerk to Clerk- pher, Office of General Manager, Supply
Stenographer, Gorgas Hospital. Division.
MARINE BUREAU Mrs. Shirley A. Cavanaugh, Accounting
E. Guy Huldtquist, Chief Towboat or Clerk, Accounting Division.
Ferry Engineer, from Ferry Service to Nay- Wilmer L. Downing, Supervisory Ac-
igation Division. counting Assistant (Machines), Payroll
John S. Catanzaro, from Second Assist- Branch, Accounting Division.

December 5 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15


The Office of the Comptroller is spon-
soring a series of ten two-hour lectures
on the subject of accounting, to be pre-
sented by Professor William T. Baxter
from December 22 through January 3.
The lecture series is part of the in-service
training program of the Company and
Government. It will be attended primar-
ily by employees of the Office of the
Comptroller, but other bureaus of the
Company and Government, as well as
the Army, Navy, and Air Force will also
be invited to designate employees of their
units to attend.
Professor Baxter has been Professor of
Accounting at the London School of Eco-
nomics since 1947 and is now in New
York City as visiting Professor of Ac-
counting at Columbia Uni' errity. He is
a graduate of the University of Edin-
burgh and also attended the University
of Pennsylvania and Harvard University.
He is a member of the Institute of Char-
tered Accountants of Scotland, and has
been a lecturer and professor of account-
ing at the University of Edinburgh and
the University of Cape Town. He is the
author or editor of several books on ac-
counting and related subjects, and has
written articles for various accounting
magazines.
This is the latest of several series of
lectures on accounting and related sub-
jects which have been sponsored by the
Office of the Comptroller during the last
two years. The program is designed to
enable employees to up-date and refresh
their accounting knowledge and tech-
niques.


RETIREMENTS

Retirement certificates were presented
the end of November to the following em-
ployees who are listed alphabetically, to-
gether with their birthplaces, titles, years of
Canal service, and their future homes.
Mrs. Carmen Casey, Canal Zone; Clerk,
Electrical Division; 19 years, 23 days;
Canal Zone.
Mrs. Rosalie A. Demers, New York; Ac-
counting Clerk, Ai ,i.. ,,l: Division; 17
years,4months,5 d .; ,t i Clara, R.de P.
Thomas V. Kelly, West Virginia; Road
and Yard Locomotive Engineer; Railroad
Division; 21 years, 6 months, 25 days;
l'1 -., L*lih. Pa.
Howard E. McGaughey, Georgia; Marine
Machinist, Industrial Division; 6 years, 2
months, 13 days; Savannah, Ga.
Otis C. Myers, Louisiana; General Engi-
neer, Engineerinit Division; 26 years, 1
month, 21 d.,) -, N,.rIlk, Va.
Russell J. Parsons, Michigan; Auto Re-
pair Machinist, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion; 28 years, 21 days; Port Charlotte, Fla.
Mrs. Mary B. Slocum, Maryland; Tele-
phone Operator, Communications Branch;
22 years, 6 months, 22 days; Jackson, Miss.
Arthur M. Streams, Pennsylvania; Con-
struction Representative, Power Construc-
tion Project; 16 years, 5 months, 11 days;
future address undecided.


DECEMBER SAILINGS

FROM CRISTOBAL
Ancon ---------------------- December 6
Cristobal ------------.... ... December 17
Ancon -----.....----------..... December 24
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal --.----...----.----- December 9
Ancon --------------------- ........December 16
Cristobal--------------------..... December 26








SHIPS AND SHIPPINGnak


Tuna Shipments
&Thousands of tons of frozen tuna, both
yellow-tin and albacore, have been mov-
ing recently over the Cristobal piers as
transshipment cargo. The tuna is com-
ing from the South Atlantic, primarily
from the Brazilian coast, and is en route
to canneries in the Los Angeles area.
When space is available, the tuna has
been transshipped aboard vessels of the
Japanese N.Y.K. Line. Last month.
however, 358 tons were loaded aboard
the new Barber Wilhelmsen motorship
Tagaytay, which arrived in Cristobal No-
vember 16 and was southbound through
the Canal November 18.
An additional 850 tons was to be
loaded aboard the Panama flag Puerto
del Sol which was chartered especially to
carry the frozen tuna.
New Customer
The new 10,854 deadweight ton motor-
ship Tagaytay, which carried some of the
tuna to Los Angeles, was on her maiden
voyage in the Far East service of the
Barber-Wilhelmsen Line. She is the first
of four sister ships which will be placed
in this service in the next year.
The vessel is 524 feet overall and has
a 65-foot beam. She was built at Ham-
burg and has a cargo capacity of 620,165
cubic feet, including 30,015 cubic feet of
space for refrigerated cargo. The Tagay-
tay has deep tanks for all kinds of bulk-
oil, and special lockers for the safe stow-
age of valuable cargo. Her local agents
are C. B. Fenton & Co.
Travel And Learn
Refresher training under tropical skies
was the order of the day for the 317 passen-
gers aboard the Stockholm which berthed
at Cristobal November 17 on a 15-day
Caribbean cruise. The cruise was sponsor-
ed by the College of Medicine of Ohio State
University and the bulk of the Stockholm's
passengers were medical men. Dr. Charles
A. Doan, Dean of the College, and six
faculty members were aboard.
The ship picked up her passengers in
Wilmington, N. C. Her stops were Ha-
vana, the San Blas, Cristobal, Curacao,
LaGuaira, St. Thomas, and San Juan,
before she returned to Wilmington. She
was handled locally by C. B. Fenton &
Co. Boyd Brothers were in charge of the
shore excursion for the passengers; this
included a transit of the Cut aboard the
ferryboat Presidente Porras.
New Route
With the arrival here from the Orient,
via the U. S. West Coast, of the motor-
vessel Horai Maru on Christmas Day,
the N.Y.K. Line of Japan will inaugurate
a new monthly service from the Far East
to Gulf ports. For the present, the serv-
ice is restricted to cargo.
The Horai Marnt was scheduled to sail
from Kobe on November 24. En route
to the Canal, she was to stop at San
Francisco and Los Angeles. After trans-
iting the Canal she is to call at Santiago
de Cuba, Havana, Miami, Tampa, Mo-
bile, New Orleans, Houston, Galveston,
and Corpus Christi.
On her return trip to Japan, she will
call at Central American and West Coast
U. S. ports. Local agents for the N.Y.K.
Line are Norton Lilly & Co.


Greetings from the Mayor of Japan's
bustling seaport, Kobe, were delivered
last month to Gov. W. E. Potter by
Capt. H. Marukami, the master of the
speedy new "Yamakimi Maru," when
the ship arrived in Canal Zone waters
on her maiden voyage. The occasion
was the 90th anniversary of the open-
ing of the Port of Kobe to world trade.
In his letter Dr. Chujiro Haraguchi,
Mayor of Kobe, wrote:
"Last year there were 4,923 ship ar-
rivals totaling 28,218,817 gross tons on
foreign services alone The com-
bined total of foreign and local cargo
exceeded 15,500,000 measurement tons
and, I dare say, some of the above ves-
sels must have called at your port.
"The thought makes me feel as if
we are living next door to each other
in spite of the great distances which
separate us. The million citizens of
our city share my feelings."
The ship which carried the Mayor's
message is the latest addition to the
Yamashita Line fleet. Completed on
October 15, of this year, she has a speed
of 21.25 knots and is scheduled to make
the Japan-New York run in 23 days.
The new ship, sister of the "Yamakawa
Maru," grosses 9,275 tons and has a
cargo capacity of approximately 17,200
cubic meters, including about 400 cu-
bic meters of refrigerated cargo space.
Fernie & Company are the local
agents for the Yamashita Line.

TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN OCTOBER
1957 1958
Commercial. ------------ 813 806
U. S. Government .-------- 23 14

Total---------- 836 820
TOLLS *
Commercial ..$3,684,260 $3,720,876
U. S. Government 54,725 93,139
Total --$3,738,985 $3,814,015
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial- -- 4,307,316 4,097,479
U. S. Government 65,937 94,164
Total-.. 4,373,253 4,191,643


Scientific Expeditions
One scientific expedition transited the
Canal last month and another is due in
Cristobal next week after a cruise around
the Caribbean.
Southbound November 12, from Charl-
eston, S. C., to Callao, was the 202-foot
Vema, a research vessel owned and oper-
ated by Columbia University. The trim
black-hulled schooner, flying the Pana-
manian flag, attracted much attention
from a large group of Roosevelt Medal
holders who took off from Gamboa for a
partial transit of the Canal aboard the
ferryboat Presidente Porras just as the
Vema was opposite Gamboa.
The Vema was built in Copenhagen in
1923 as a yacht. During the latter part
of the 1940's she became a Coast Guard
training ship and in 1950 was purchased
by Columbia University and fitted out asa
research vessel. On her present trip she car-
ries a crew of 32, including her master.
The second research vessel is the 142-
foot Atlantis, owned by the Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institution of Massachu-
setts. She is due in Cristobal about De-
cember 7 on a geological, biological, and
hydrographic cruise which has taken her
to Trinidad, Curacao, and Maracaibo.
She is not scheduled for transit.
The Atlantis is no stranger to Canal
waters. She was northbound through the
Canal on January 10, 1956, from Anto-
fagasta, Chile. At the time she was
carrying a crew of 21.
Panama Agencies are agents for both
of the scientific vessels.
Maiden Voyage
The motor vessel Marburg, newest ad-
dition to the Hamburg American Line's
fleet, was northbound through the Canal
November 16 on the homeward bound
stretch of her maiden voyage.
The 397-foot vessel, which has a dead-
weight capacity of 6,885 metric tons, has
been assigned to the Hamburg American
North German Lloyd weekly service from
Europe to the Pacific coast. She was
southbound through the Canal on her
maiden transit September 25.
Her West Coast ports included Los An-
geles, San Francisco Portland, Vancou-
ver, and Crofton, B. C. She is now en
route to London, Antwerp, Amsterdam,
and Hamburg.
Local agents for the ship are the Con-
tinental Shipping Company.
Sugar To The Orient
Two large shipments of Panamanian
sugar have been loaded at the port of
Balboa recently for Hong Kong, with the
Maersk Line serving as carrier for both.
These are the first large shipments of
local sugar to Hong Kong, according to
waterfront sources. The shipper in both
cases was the Compania Azucarera La
Estrella, S.A.
The first shipment, 1,022 tons, left the
Isthmus for Hong Kong aboard the Olga
Maersk on October 28. The second ship-
ment, of about 700 tons, left Balboa No-
vember 12 on the Luna Maersk. C. B.
Fenton & Co. are agents for Maersk Line
ships here.


TH AAACNLRVIW Dcme ,15


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


December 5, 1958




Full Text

PAGE 1

PANAMA ~CAN AL Vol. 9, No. 5 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, DECEMBER 5, 1958 5 cents / vx

PAGE 2

The biggest single excavation job in the Canal Zone since the Canal was opened with the exception of the Third Locks project is ready to start. CANA W D N N The big job is the widening of the channel in the Paraiso and Cucaracha Reaches in Gaillard Cut from 300 feet to 500 feet at bottom depth. The work will take two or more years and will cost in ing of another bend, No. 1660, is the only sary and about 1,500,000 pounds of exthe neighborhood of $12,000,000. The other major excavation project in the plosives will be needed to break up the amount of rock and earth to be moved Short Range Plan. This is a curve in material which will be excavated in the will be 0 7,000,000 cubic yards, of which the channel near the old construction wet by the Dredging Division. about 1,000,000 cubic yards will come town of Empire which is considered one It is planned to award a single confrom Contractors Bill. of the most hazardous in the navigation tract for all of the drilling, blasting, The widening of Paraiso and Cucaof Gaillard Cut. This project is slated and dry excavation. On the widening racha Reaches constitutes one of the for completion after the widening of the of Paraiso Bend, contracts were awardpricipal projects of the Short Range two reaches just north of Pedro Miguel ed to two firms, Bildon, Inc., a Panama Improvement Plan which was develLocks has been completed. firm, and the Tecon Corporation of Imprormmn Plan whic waso Coeortiooped and approved by the Board of Bids are now being solicited for the big Texas. The latter company handled Directors over a year ago. Since that excavation job. They are scheduled to the terracing of Contractors Hill a few time, work has been in progress on two be opened January 28. All of the drilling years ago. The dry excavation of maother phases of the program which is and blasting, as well as the dry excavaterial at Paraiso Bend was done under designed to increase the transit capation, will be done under contract. The contract by Bildon, while the Texas city of the Canal by about 25 percent. material blasted below water level will firm was awarded the contract for the Work is nearing completion on the be removed by the Dredging Divisiondrilling and blasting. This work is widening of Paraiso Bend, or Bend 1868, Approximately 800,000 linear feet -nearly completed, all dry excavation is as it is officially designated. The widenover 150 miles -of drilling will be necesalmost finished, and all but a small Plans Described At Coco Solo High SchoolGatun Meeting The shape of things to come for boys gathering place. The ground floor in this have athletic facilities, dressing rooms, and girls in the Canal Zone's Atlantic building will contain the woodshop, and showers on the ground floor. Each side towns was explained to members of metalshop, and auto-repair shop. A of the remaining two floors in this wing these communities last month when Gov. combined school and public library will will have seven classrooms. A study hall, W. E. Potter outlined details of the new be located on the first floor of this cenmuseum, and lounge will be located on Coco Solo Junior and Senior ligh School tral building as will be the cafeteria, the first floor and the elementary science during a community conference at Gatun. seating 408, and the kitchens. The school area, lounges, and a gallery for exhibits Bids for remodeling of three large foroffices, a health clinic, and audio-visual on the second floor. mer Navy barracks into a first-class modand guidance rooms will be on this floor. Three classrooms and an office for the ern school plant were advertised in midAll of the offices will be air conditioned. ROTC are to be located on the ground November to be opened December 29. The second floor of the central building floor of the opposite wing. Also on this Classrooms, shops, and toilet faciliwill contain an auditorium, seating 614, floor will be an armory and an indoor ties are to be ready for use when school a music room for the high school choir, rifle range. opens next September. The school's four private music practice rooms, a Five general classrooms, a multi-purlaboratories, auditoriums, cafeteria, music office and library and space for pose room, an art classroom, and a home ROTC and rifle range areas are to be instrument storage, as well as two dresseconomics and sewing room, will occupy completed by the end of the first seming rooms. The auditorium will be methe first floor of this wing. The second ester of the school year, or about Janchanically ventilated and the other rooms floor will contain the physics and chemuary 31, 1960. on this floor will be air conditioned. istry laboratories, a general science area, As shown by the accompanying sketch, The equipment for the cafeteria, and space for a biology-science museum. which shows the school as it will look auditorium, and shops will all be new, as The new Junior Senior High School when completed, the new Junior-Senior will be the chairs and tables in the building will be located not far from the lHigh School will be housed in a large cafeteria. Coco Solo Elementary School. Work on central building with two wings. The three-story wing which will be the latter is now well under way. Target The central building will be the heart made from present Building 1149, on the date for the completion of the elementary of the school operations and its central left as one faces the central building, will school is the end of next January. r* N0 I4

PAGE 3

about eight feet deeper in the widened portion than at present. This is being done so that the excavation will be usable 113D S A R E SSK E J1in any future improvement project. The minimum depth of the channel through Gaillard Cut is now 42 feet while the widened section will have a )50-foot depth at minimum water level in the channel. amount of the wet excavation done. All of the excavation in the Paraiso The amount of earth and rock to be These contracts were awarded last year and Cucaracha Reaches wiil be on the removed from the Cucaracha and Pedro and work was begun early this year. west side of the Canal. The rock and Miguel Reaches will be comparable to The completion of the new widening earth to be removed by dry excavation that excavated over 15 years ago for the project will provide a channel 500 feet will be dumped in areas near the projnew Miraflores Locks. Approximately wide for approximately half the length ect. Two large (lump areas have been 12,000,000 cubic yards of niaterial were of Gaillard Cut. This will be ample for designated, one a large section of lowexcavated for the Miratlores Locks, all ships of all sizes, which can be accommolying ground nearly opposite Paraiso, by dry excavation. That wor, hioe mer, dated by the Locks, to meet and pass and the other the old Rio Grande Reswas confined to a smaller area than the anywhere in the Canal channel except for ervoir which was used as a dump for maCanal widening project which stretches about four miles at the north end of terial removed from Contractors Hill. for over four miles along the Canal banks. Gaillard Cut. The terraced effect of Contractors Hill The big excavation job will be largely At the present time, the handling of from the previous excavation will be rea machine job. While the number of own ship traffic is considerably hampered by tained, but the material to be removed to be engaged on the work will depend the restrictions imposed by the narrow in the new project will cut back considon the contractor and phns for executing Cut, and it is necessary to give many erably into the hill which has been a the work, Canal engineers estimate the large ships "Clear Cut" handling. This landmark of the Canal since it opened. peak employment will be about 250 men, reduces the number of transits which can In the course of the widening project most of whom will be heavy equipment be handled in one day. the bottom depth of the Canal will be operators and drillers and blasters. CAA Planning COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN N ew T ow nsite The first woman legislator ever to head the Panama Canal Subcommittee A t Cardenas of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee was an Isthmian visitor The engineering firm of Holmes & again last month. She is Mrs. Leonor Narver, Inc., of Los Angeles, has been K. Sullivan, Democratic Representative engaged to make a preliminary design for from St. Louis, Mo., who will soon begin a townsite development at Cardenas for her fourth term in Congress. Mrs. Suluse by the Civil Aeronautics Administralivan visited the Isthmus just a year tion. ago when her subcommittee spent sevThe contract for the preliminary report eral days in the Canal Zone. and analysis was signed by Lt. Col. RobDuring her latest visit, Mrs. Sullivan ert D. Brown, Jr., Engineering and Conmade a brief but comprehensive survey struction Director, as the contracting of housing and community facilities officer for the Panama Canal Company. and civic projects on the Atlantic side. Representatives of the Los Angeles firm At the time of her previous visit, the were John A. Brownlie and Robert W. development of Coco Solo as a Panama Collins. The work is being done at the Canal community was then under conrequest of the CAA. sideration. The townsite of Cardenas, located Below, at Coco Solo. From left: Mrs. Sullivan and John D. Hollen, back of Corozal, was partly developed James Campbell, Manager, Breakers Chief, Executive Planning Staff, about eight years ago by the Canal orClub, Rep. Emmet F. Byrne of Illinois, look at Atlantic-side housing. organization. Plans were abandoned Mrs. Sullivan, Rep. Melvin R. Laird of after the townsite of Los Rios was Wisconsin, and Peter W. Foster, Presireleased by the Army. dent of the Coco Solo Civic Council. An access road to the area from Gaillard Highway was built and much of the rough grading was done. Two water tanks were installed and some of the municipal installations, such as drainage, were made. The engineering firm has been asked to prepare preliminary estimates for a townsite development-including municipal facilities, an elementary school and playgrounds-suitable for over 50 build. ings, including both bachelor and family apartments. The contract calls for completion of the report within 45 days. ON OUR COVER A gleaming Christmas ball, reflecting one of the Locks control towers, brings holiday greetings of the Canal organization to the readers of "The Review." The remarkable photograph is the work of Clyde S. La Clair. For the additional art work on the cover and on page 8, "The Review" is indebted to Dolores Stewart. December 5, 1958 3

PAGE 4

.. James "Butch" Stephan, in a bodycast after surgery, is coached at his home in Curundu by Mrs. Mildred Rowe. Dear Uncle Jim: Mom wrote you, I guess, that I broke my led. You know what I found out? A fellow just doesn't have a chance these days. Used to be, when you got mango fever, like falling out of a tree and busting something, you could count on having a few weeks off from school. ).* Last time, I got sort of tired just lying there in bed and I worried, kind of, about catching up when I got back to school. Anyway, Mom hustled over to school and brought back my books and tried to teach me herself, and after a few days of her trying to explain fractions even my old teacher looked pretty good. But all that doesn't happen any more. Know what they're doing down here, now? They're sending teachers right after you, that's what! Here you are lying in that big old cast and itching a little bit and you no sooner get over hurting than who walks in the door but a teacher! What happened was that the teacher at school got hold of Mom and told her that if you lived in the Canal Zone and were an educable child, whatever that means, she'd send somebody over to teach you. The doctor that took care of me got mixed up in it too. He seemed like a real nice guy but he went and Filled out a paper ohn Arey, above, broke his leg playing arthat said I'd be out of school for anyway a month. That did it! zan. Mrs. Jean Karch is his visiting teacher. Well, here came the teacher, all loaded down with books Below, Mrs. Rowe works with John Oster at and papers and the next thing I knew I was going to school, Gorgas Hospital. He is in a cast after surgery right here in bed. And every day, too. The teacher didn't stay too long, just about an hour and a half every day. She wasn't going to take a chance and say I was getting tired. Not her! It wasn't always the same teacher, either. Some days there was the one that makes me write or read or spell or do addition. But some days there is another one that shows you how to weave or make things out of papers. She's fun, but the other one is too, sort of. I heard the teacher tell Mom that this was part of the program for Handicapped Children-my reading teacher helped me spell that-and that this was just a part of helping kids who couldn't go to school or needed extra teaching. They said that the Governor was real interested in it, too. Made me think if he ever broke his leg when he was nine and did they send teachers after him? Wonder how he'd feel then? Don't tell Mom or my teachers, Uncle Jim, but you know it's going to be kind of nice not to have all that makeup work to do when I can get back to school. Your loving nephew, Mike 4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5, 1958

PAGE 5

There are various ways in which air-conditioning units can be installed in homes. Here are two. important factors These include the type and~ location of buildings, (cOinCfntainof personnel, and equipment or AIR CONDITIONING =aaf Some buildings now under construCtion m ..or alteration will be air conditioned in booms in Zone -s pleasant -needs caution whole or in part as a phase of the project. Among these are the new school buildings in Balboa and Coco Solo, Gorgas HosWithin a few years heat and humidity, reality, Canal engineers are presently pital, the Electronics Shop in Balboa, the bane of the tropics, will be largely elimconducting a "feasibility" study and reIndustrial Division Office in Cristobal, inated or controlled in most Canal Zone port on centralized air conditioning for and some units of the Supply Division. homes and many offices or work areas. quarters. This was prepared under conBecause of the large number of airThe advent of air conditioning on a tract by the Panama engineering firm of conditioning units being installed in quarbroad scale has been far more sudden Sanders & Duffer Associates. This firm ters and the troubles sure to arise as a here than in most places. This situation, also prepared plans and specifications for result of a hodge-podge of equipment and of course, was brought about by the air conditioning and modernizing the Admethods of installation, the Maintenance Power Conversion Project. Because of ministration Building, now in progress. Division recently initiated a survey of trouble or expense, few Zone residents The consultants' study on plans to such private installations. The purpose installed air-conditioning equipment in provide chilled water to a group of houses of the survey is to alvisi' occupants their quarters before conversion to 60from one central plant was largely cenon installations and collect information cycle current, and the Civil Affairs Buildtered on new houses to be built at La which may be useful in establishing sonme ng and Balboa Theater were the only Boca where a new residential area is to standardization on home air conditioning. large public edifices of the Canal to be be developed. The report has just been According to figures of the Elcctrical air conditioned. This situation, however, completed and transmitted for considerDivision, orders have been received for is being rapidly changed. ation. Canal engineers agree that there slightly over 600 heavy-duty outlets for The Canal Administration is spendare many advantages to such a system air conditioners in Canal quarters since ing slightly over $1,000,000 this fiscal but these must be weighed against many January of last year. While Margarita year to air condition three buildings, difficulties, one of which is the high initial leads all other towns in number and including modernization of the Admincost. Another is substantially higher rent. percentage of such orders, a backlog istration Building, and has plans to. spend about $2,500,000 more within This study is but one indication that of orders is being received from Pacific five years for air conditioning in schools Canal authorities are fully alert to the side communities as the conversion offices, and hospitals. desirability of combatting the detriprogram progresses. Already one large Zone community, mental effect of living and working in The effect of the conversion program Margarita, has air conditioning in more the tropics. In planning for a future is also being shown in the number of than one of every three homes. Marwith more comfortable living and workheavy-duty outlets being installed in garita was one of the first big towns coning conditions, the designs of all quarZone homes for other major appliances. verted to 60-cycle current, but the present ters and installations are being preOn the Atlantic side, the Electrical Dirate of orders being received by the Elecpared so that air conditioning equipvision had received orders to install outtrical Division for heavy outlets for airment may later be installed at minilets for 68 dryers, 32 washing machines, conditioning equipment indicates that mum costs. and three deep freezes from January 1, other communities will follow the lead In a master plan for a five-year pro1957, to July of this year. of Margarita. gram of air conditioning recently apThe rush to buy and install home airWhile the scheme is a long way from proved, consideration was given to many conditioning units has caused some conMammoth machines will circulate cool air through the Administration Building's air-conditioning system. rA

PAGE 6

cern and the survey of such installations by the Maintenance Division is one of the steps now being taken by the Canal administration to set up certain standards of installation and to help private 4 owners avoid some pitfalls in the newfound boon to more comfortable living. Among the many problems anyone should give serious consideration before FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION installing air conditioners are: Type of house or room; type and capacity of air conditioner; manner of installation; operating and maintenance costs; and availability of repair facilities. S A E'rngineers who have studied the problem here say that the variability in climatic conditions from location to location IN is such that this factor requires considerIS N O ation in the purchase and installation of air conditioners. The moisture content of air in quarters located on an unobLU X U R Y structed elevation varies widely from that in a house surrounded by heavy vegetation and in areas where the air movement is low or inconstant. Safety cannot be considered a luxury. It is instead an absolute necessity. The whole problem of air conditioning The dollars spent in our safety programs are negligible in value compared to in homes of the Canal Zone is so new the loss of human life, and the destruction of property or machines that do that prospective buyers would do well to result from the disregard of safe working practices. Financial losses in terms seek some professional advice, according of claims resulting from accidents do become enormous. to Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., Engineering and Construction Director. Any investment made in "accident prevention" pays off, not only in that "Because of the desirability for better pertaining to property damage, but in the savings made in direct compensation living conditions in the homes and the payments to injured employees and the more obscure indirect costs due to rapid rate at which air-conditioning units time lost by supervisors, other workmen and the curtailment of productive are being installed, the whole problem is work due to the loss of a workman on the job. being given serious study now by several Canal units," he said. "Those most diIn addition, management receives a bonus in the increased productivity rectly concerned with the problem of from improved morale of all employees who recognize the benefits they are home air conditioning are cooperating in our study and include the Engineering, receiving in a safety program which is improving their welfare and safety. Electrical, and Maintenance Divisions of CONFIDENTIALLY, we have news for you-accidents do not chase the Engineering and Construction Bureau, people! and both the Housing Branch and Supply Division of the Supply and Community Did you ever see ..... Service Bureau. a tread in a stairs reach up and trip a person? "We hope by our studies and efforts to be able to establish some standards a bottom drawer of a cabinet slide out and throw a clerk? which can be used by employees to avoid a grease spot slide over a floor and stop under a person's foot? excessive maintenance and operating a power saw turn and cut off a man's finger? costs and to secure the maximum efficiency of units they installintheirhomes." a wrench sneak along a girder looking for a head to fall on? a swarm of chips and dust swarming around a man's head to put out his eyes? Former Canal Lockmaster a machete jump from a man's hand and strike his shin? Triggerman For Missiles a box suddenly make itself heavier and strain a man's back? A onetime Zonian, who used to help a ladder jump out from under a painter and let him fall to put ships through the Panama Canal's the ground? locks, is now helping to put guided misa necktie grab a wheel of a machine and choke the operator? siles through space. an automobile take the accelerator in its teeth and speed The former Zonian is George A. Sausel, 80 miles per hour into a ditch? who was a lockmaster at the Pacific an electric switch handle reach out and turn itself on while Locks when he retired in February 1956. a mechanic is working on the machine? He is now working at the Missile Testing Center at Cape Canaveral, Fla. In a recent letter to friends he said: "I went to work for an electrical contractor last April ...At present I'm employed at Cape Canaveral at the Missile Testing Center. The last event of national consequencewas thelaunchOCTOBER 1958 OISABLING ing fteTo-bl Poer.I INJURIE3 BUREAU FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS LOST YEAR went sky-high, looked things over in CASES INJURIES TO DATE the atmosphere outside of this world, '58 57 '58 '57 '58 '57 '58 '57 and then decided to come back home Supply& Community Service ---------40 48 0 2 12 13 7 11 like the Prodigal Son, but just burned Health ---------------(Honor Rol) 21 1 0 3 0 19 3 6 Engineering & Constru ction-(Honor Roll) 24 23 1 2 19 22 16 6 itself up on the way. Too much of a Civil Affairs ----------------------16 17 1 3 29 6015 15 9 hurry, just like people these days ...New York Operations ---------------10 9 1 0 11 0 10 1 "This is terribly interesting work at Marine -------------------------0 75 3 4 14 47 35 29 Transportation & Terminals ----56 58 3 1 6036 6 17 20 the Cape, and I've had my sights set Accident Pool ---------------------0 -0 -1 on it for some time and finally made it. C.Z.Covt.-Panana Canal Company 219 245 9 6121 6129 105 83 What am I doing? I'm Chief Triggerman on the Giant Firecracker." 6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5,1958

PAGE 7

CIVIL DEFENSE ...Worth knowing NEWS School Nurses. Two additional registered nMIuSrs haVe been appointed to the staff which keeps the health of the Canal Zone's student population in tiptop condition. They are MIrs. Josephine yisnow NJcDonnell, left, and NIrs. Evelyn Koperski, right. Mrs. McDonbeing observed as "National Civil Defense Day." In the Canal Zone, the observance of Civil Defense Day willbestarted oneday earlier in a joint effort of the Civil Defense Section and the Canal Zone Boy Scouts. The Boy Scouts, on December 6, will distribute to every home in the Canal Zone a copy of the booklet, "Handbook For Emergencies." This booklet was published by the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization and is a part of the national program for preparedness. The handbook is divided into five sections: Family preparedness; knowledge of the warning signals in the event of an enemy attack; Conelrad instructions for radio information; fallout protection; and suggestions for community planning and emergency action in case of an attack. The year-end election and installation of officers in the four Canal Zone towns where there are active Civil Defense volunteer corps, are being held this month. The first election was that in the town nell, who was formerly at Coco Solo Hospital, trained at the Episat the Paraiso School. The installation of copal Hospital in Philadelphia. She will work on the Atlantic side. officers will be held on December 15 toMrs. Koperski, a graduate of the Atlantic City Hospital School of gather with the annual Christmas Party. Nursing, has been working at Gorgas Hospital. She will work The volunteers from Margarita held with Mrs. Henri Skeie among the Pacific-side children. the electintefiers ron Wagrt edned their election of officers on Wednesday Christmas Mail. The Panama Line's Ancon, which sails for New morning, December 3, at a meeting at York tomorrow, is due to carry a heavy load of Christmas cards the Margarita Service Center. The offiand packages addressed to the U. S. friends and relatives of people cers were installed at the same meeting. in the Canal Zone. As this issue of Ti Rviwiiw went to press, The volunteers of Santa Cruz held postal officials were not certain whether or not there would be their election at their November meeting other ships--beside the Ancon-carrying mail in time to reach and will stall their officers on Decehthe States before the holidays. In order to be certain that cards ber 11 at their Christmas party. The and gifts get to the States on time, they said, air mail is probably Mrs. Ruby Wilson; Assistant Zone Warindicated from now on. And all air mail should leave here not later den, Mrs. Hortencia Critchlow; Secretary, than December 17 to insure distribution by Christmas. Mrs. Lillian Hinds; and First Aid WarStill Shopping? Then why not take a transcontinental train trip den, Julian Winter. .to do it? In order to allow Atlantic Siders to do their Christmas The Rainbow City volunteers will hold shopping on the Pacific side, and vice versa, the Panama Railroad their election of officers and give their is offering a special round-trip shoppers' fare next Wednesday and annual Christmas Party on December 10 Thursday. The special round-trip fare will be the price of a regat the Rainbow City School. ular one-way ticket-81.25 for first-class and 75 cents for secondDECEMBER VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS class fare. The special reduced rate is applicable only on the Date Town Place Hour southbound train which leaves Colon at 9:45 a. m. and on the so Rainbow City School 6:30 p. m. northbound train leaving Panama at 9:55 a. in. Shoppers may ii Santa Cruz Serv. Center 8:oo p. m. return either on the trains leaving Panama at 3:10 p. in. or 4:45 x5 Paraisa School 7:30 p. m. p. in. If they are headed in the opposite direction, they will leave Colon on the 3 p. n. or 5:10 p. m. trains. There is no reduction in fare for children, and no proportionate reduction for passengers kr ANAL boarding the shoppers' trains at way stops, say, at Gamboa or 4Gatun. Lock Improvements. Locks personnel and others having business Official Panama Canal Company Publication inside the fenced enclosure at Gatun Locks will soon be able to Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z. drive from one level of the locks to another without having to go Printed by the Printing Plant,Mount Hope,Canal Zone outside the fenced area. The fence is being moved out to enclose the road connecting the various levels and a new check-in gate W. E. POTTER, Governor-President and Security Force office built on the middle level. A new asphaltJOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor surfaced parking lot which will have space for approximately 75 WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. vehicles, is being constructed opposite the new entrance. The Panama Canal Information Officer work is being done under contract by Isthmian Constructors. J. RUFUs HARDY. Editor Auction Tomorrow. The annual sale of unclaimed freight articles ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor gets underway at 8:30 a. in. Saturday in Building 40 in the Balboa EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant Industrial Area, not far from the big drydock. The items for aucOn sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, tion have been available for inspection during working hours since Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 last Tuesday at Building 40. As usual, the collection is a varied days after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscription, b1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 one, containing such varied items as empty paper cartons, sewing cents each. machines, tires, school books, automobile tailpipes, rubber soles, Postal money orders made payable to the Panan aqualung, bicarbonate of soda, several suitcases, bags, and trunks ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, containing personal effects, picture puzzles, toy pistols, and baby The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. bathtubs. Also, as usual, the sale is to be conducted oii an "as-iswhere-is" basis. December 5, 1958 7 _____________________________________

PAGE 8

THAT GLORIOUS WEEK It is obvious that the spirit that Theodore Roosevelt saw in the Canal Zone in 1906 is not only still here but has grown with the years," Governor W. E. Potter said last month in a letter to the people and organizations of the Canal Zone who took part in planning and carrying out of the Roosevelt Centennial Week program. In setting up the program, I of course contemplated that we would do the kind of job the Canal Zone always does. The reaction of all has gone far beyond even the maximum that I presupposed. Expressions of appreciation for the program poured in from many and varied sources. Edward A. Bacon, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army and donor of the bust which now stands in the rotunda of the Administration Building, wrote Governor Potter: "This was one of the happiest occasions of my varied career and I hope you will believe me when I tell you how much I am in your debt for the opportunity of participating in the Centennial Celebration." Writing from the SS "Ancon," at sea on the homeward bound voyage of the oldtimers, Maurice H. Thatcher, sole surviving member of the Isthmian Canal Commission, added his thanks and appreciation and those of others aboard the ship. Commenting on the excellence of the Canal Zone's Roosevelt Week celebration, he said: "It was better than any of the many formal efforts throughout the United States, in my judgment." From Colon, Antonio D. Tagaropulos, Consul for Greece, not only sent commendations for the week-long program and the part Theodore Roosevelt played in the construction of the Canal, but also A4,~ expressed the appreciation of the Greek colony that a man of Greek descent, Captai John Constantine, had been selected to pilot the first merchant vessel to transit the Panama Canal. And from the oldtimers, the Roosevelt Medal Holders who had been honored guests throughout the week, came letters and telephone calls saying how much they had enjoyed the program and the friendly spirit of the Zonians of today. At a special meeting of the Isthmian Historical Society, one oldtimer put it this way: "It's been just wonderful. Strangers that we never knew have taken us out two different times and driven us all over; people we'd never met before and the work that has been done to put on all this entertainment--it's just beyond me to express my appreciation. The tone of the Roosevelt Centennial Week was set by "The Panama Canal Review" in its November 7 edition which, incidentally, was a sell-out. In the pictures on this and the next three pages, "The Review" records some of the major events of this historic week. 8 December 5, 1958

PAGE 9

AkN .~ &4aa 4741 N4 If 4'4 ...... Deemer5,158 TH PNAACALLREIE

PAGE 10

AN EVENTFUL WEEK .j 4k Judge John E. Deming, at microphone, headed the committee for the tree-planting The Military Engineers Society heard ceremony. At the Governor's right is Mrs. Richard Derby, Roosevelt's daughter. Hermann Hagedorn talk on Roosevelt. aniiii A daughter and two granddaughters of Theodore RooseDelegations from the Armed Forces and Veterans and velt were among those ct the Veterans Day program. other organizations marched in the parade November 11. The partial transit of the Canal on the ferryboat Presidente Porras was of great Frank< and David Sasse, brothers, were interest to members of the Roosevelt family, here for the Centennial celebration. among the Medal Holders on the ferry. A, -10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5,1958

PAGE 11

AND A HAPPY ONE Maurice H. Thatcher, member of the ICC, A highlight of the Centennial program was a musical pageant written by was speaker for the Historical Society. Victor Herr and Donald Musselman and presented at the Balboa Theater. Lt. Gov. J. D. McElheny was a special guest at the coffee Waldo G. Bowman, National Vice President of the ASCE, given by the NARCE for the Roosevelt Medal holders. spoke to the engineers at a luncheon meeting Friday. W. D. Taylor, retired postmaster and Roosevelt Balboa High School ROTC cadets formed a guard of honor for the Medal Holder, helped cancel the first stamp. oldtimers as they started their journey home after a "glorious week." T

PAGE 12

Sixty-Cycle C r I pageE' rROM THE Conversion of Locks To Begin This Month ~ LS H IWBgl llS' ilTHIS MOUNT At Pedro Miguel Zonians received depressing and cheering The largest single job in the project to 50 Yar A news in December 1933. Back from budget place all frequency-sensitive equipment hearings in Washington, Gov. J. L. Schley in the Canal Zone on 60-cycle power gets .announced that there was little hope of getunderway this month when work begins "The ork on the Panama Canal is ting funds for Canal Zone "improvements on the c version of the Canal Locks. being done with a speed, efficiency, and or betterments." On the cheering side, Rep. entire devotion to duty which make it a Stephen M. Young, of Ohio, here on a Preliminary work, on an experimental model for all work of the kind," President visit, said that continuance of the Panbasis, has been going on since November Theodore Roosevelt told Congress in his ama Railroad ships, threatened by the 12 at Pedro Miguel Locks where the conannual message, 50 years ago this month. Economy Act, was practically assured. tractor, Consolidated International Elec"No task of such magnitude has ever Repeal of the 18th Amendment on tric Company of New York, has been before been undertaken by any nation December 5, 1933, made no difference to carrying out experimental conversion on and no task of the kind has ever been the Canal Zone which, officials said, the east wall equipment which could be better performed." would remain as "bone dry" as it had 5s ed~I fromin the Lsocks servicIn spite of the "efficiency and entire debeen heretofore until some plan for liqThe $2,009,000 contract, however, votion to duty" about which the President uor control could be worked out. really swings into full force December 15 spoke, there were tragic moments in the CaOn December 16, 1933, the worst flood when the east chamber at Pedro Mignal's construction period, one of the worst of of the year halted work at Madden Dam. iel Locks will he taken out of service these on December 12, 1908. Twenty-three The rampaging Chagres completely covered to allow conversion work to proceed men were killed, 40 injUred, and several missthe powerhouse construction section with 20 without interruption. '[he east chaming when dynamite exploded prematurely in feet of water. her will hw closed to traffic until Dethe Cut near Bas Obispo. The accident occurcemb r 31, according to a schedule red just as the men were leavingfor lunch; 52 pre pared by the contractor. holes had been drilled and loaded, ready to be After all eqIuipment on the east side of blasted, when two distinct and unexplained ::::::. Pedro Miguel Locks is converted, the explosions occurred. As a result of one of the worst polio contractor's men will move to the west But there were good moments too. epidemics in Canal Zone history, Christchanber at the saime locks. The schedule On December 18, the best daily excavamas activities were sharply curtailed 10 calls for the west side to be out of service tion record for steam shovels "since the years ago this month. Holiday parties from Januaiy 12 through January 28. American occupation" was set when 50 for children in both civilian and military hiringg the period when the Locks are shovels in the Central Division lifted out communities were canceled, beaches were uderging theiriown, the will b e -a total of 70,087 cubic yards, an average closed, and other recreation facilities reundergong c version, they will be opof 1,402 cubic yards per shovel. stricted to older Zonians. crated on a 24-hoUr schedule, following "Wti ,h etfwdy,"h "ana the same pattern as that (luring the per"Within the next few days, the "Canal A number of Zonians, among them W. M. iodic overhauls when one lane is out of Record" reported early in December 1908, Sergeant, now of the Contract and Inspection service. No interference with the normal "every village and hamlet in the Canal Zone Division,andC. R.Jones oftheSection ofSurflow of tra ine is anticipated. between La Boca and Gorgona will be veys, spent part of December plowing through lighted by electricity. All work of wiring the heavy jungle well south of the Canal, inWhile the various lock chambers are the various villages and camps has been vestigating the feasibility of the Atrato-Truout of service, the contractor will also completed and electricity will be furnished ando route in northern Colombiafor an Isthconvert electrical equipment in the Lock as soon as the new 400-kw generator at mian Canal. More detailed surveys were to control houses, shops, and offices. Empire is ready." be made during the dry season. The second set of Locks to be conTwo new steamships were in the offing Reduction in force notices went out 10 verttd will be the two-step flights at for the Canal organization 50 years ago years ago this month to an additional 55 Miraflores, and the triple flights at this month. The Isthmian Canal Comskilled employees in the Mechanical DiGatun will end the project. According mission purchased, for $1,157,000, the vision. These brought to a total of 140 the to present estimates, the conversion of Shawmut and the Tremont, which had number reduced in a little over a month. the Locks should be completed about been laid up some months earlier aftersevTrain service on the Panama Railroad the middle of next year, except for eral years of service between Puget Sound was interrupted by the first serious wreck cleanup work. and the Far East. When they reached since 1944 when several empty flat cars The conversion work at the Locks the East Coast, the twin 9,000-ton vessels on a northboundfreight train were derailed does not include the towing locomotives would enter the New York-Cristobal run. tearing up about 600 feet of track a mile nor the circuits on which they operate. south of Quebrancha. It does include all other frequency-sensiThe first public appearance of the tive equipment for all three sets of Locks Xw .y .T frtpniz c BapparHh he and or irafore Brige.newly organized Balboa High School and foi' Mirafloies ridge. Business continued to look up, shipJunior ROTC Corps took place 10 years In each set of Locks, the contractor will wise, for the Canal Zone 25 years ago ago this month when the 208 cadets in start work in the east lane. Work will be this month. Commercial ship transits for the group received the national colors carried on a 24-hour around-the-lock December 1933 totaled 496, the highest from Maj. Gen. Ray E. Porter. schedule for the first eight days of work for at least 24 months. On Christmas on each of the two chambers at Pedro Day there were 20 transits, a figure Miguel. Work schedules for the other equalled two days later. sots have not yet been submitted. The Mount Hope drydock, which had In a busy month, December 1957: The specifications for the Locks conbeen shut down for a year, was reopened Two groups of Congressmen were on the version were among the bulkiest put out December 13, 1933, totally rebuilt. The Isthmus for inspection trips and hearings; here in several years, because of the drydock was enlarged and provided with a the student registration at Balboa High amount of work to be done. They listed modern pumping plant. School went over the 1,000 figure for the a total of 423 bid-items, ranging from Meanwhile, 49 United States citizens first time; a contract for the power conequipment and appliances for operating were working as laborers on the conversion work at the Canal Zone locks was the miter gates, the chain fenders, and struction of Dock 15 at Mount Hope, awarded to Consolidated International the machinery which swings the Mirawith funds provided by the National Electric Company; and the LeTourneau flores Bridge span. The Pacific Area conRecovery Act. More men of this type locomotives arrived from the States and version specilficaitions, however, listed could be used, Canal officials said. were unloaded at Gatun Locks. some 40,000 items, the bulk of these being household equipment. 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5, 1958

PAGE 13

FASHION SHOW Ming blue, Persian melon, Corsair green mingled with trapezes, balloons, bells, and empires one evening last month, and the Canal Zone's ladies ooh'd and ah'd. They knew what it was all about, even if the gentlemen with some of them didn't. What was going on was a fashion show, one of the most impressive ever staged in the Canal Zone and the predominantly feminine audience was learning what they should wear if they expect to be the glass of fashion at this year's holiday parties. Produced by the Supply Division at the Balboa Theater, the show was described as a "collection of late-day cocktail and evening gowns, featuring the new elegance and sophistication of this season's empire, bubble, and harem trend." Models for the gowns were: Susan Barrett, Norma Bryner, Sonia Cana, Fay Day, Carol Dimpfl, Lola Frauenheim, Eve Grassau, Mercedes Garcia, Edith Dean, Majbrett lolcroft, Margarita Preciado, Louise Tate, Mary Watson, Emily Wilkinson, and Mignonette Williams. Sheila Hlolcroft managed the big clock, a feature of the 21 stage setting. Constance Gerrans, well known for her work in style shows, was producer and director for the evening's program, assisted by personnel from the Supply Division. Above is Mary Watson, last year's Girls State Governor, in a "Corsair green peau de soIe gown" (or so the program said), and at the left is a -Group of the fashion show models. National Labor Leaders Here J Top labor officials of the United States held an ;nformal discussion of labor matters lost month with Governor Potter and his staff. Facing the Governor, from left: James Brownlow, President of the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department; E. W. Hatchett, Central Labor Union President; James Campbell, National President of the AFGE; Orren Burrows, National Representative of the IBEW, and Wiliamn Ryan, President, District 44, International Association of Machinisis.

PAGE 14

ANNIVERSARIES MAN OF DISTINCTION Miguel Corco -41 Years of Service ie was born in Olat, Spain; came to the Isthmus when he was seven years old He served in the Army during World War I, later was active in the American Legion He has been with the Canal organization since 1919, is now Staff Assistant to the Comptroller 40 YEARS the two women celebrating 30 years of Tex., is Supervisory Cargo Assistant with Alexander McKeown knows all about service, is a native of Louisville, Ky. She the Terminals Division. He began his servw woki ng, having speiit 41 years upwas first employed with the Canal as a ice, which is continuous, as a commissary rg ,awniilIs, plaier nia hines, aid temporary clerk in the Accounting Division assistant with the Panama Railroad. donig all tvpes of woo( work ilvolving and is now Statistical Clerk at Gorgas Rex 0. Knight has held a variety of jobs coHpstructeda i -including policeman, and motor inspector stalkd, and r Mrs. Helen F. Heim, the other 30-year with the Fire Division since he joined the paired such "house woman employee, is Cargo Clerk with the Canal organization. Mr. Knight, now Auwork" items sTransportation and Terminals Division. tomobile Machinist with the Transportatables, desks, (b)-She is a native of Pittsburgh, Pa., and was tion and Terminals Bureau, is a native of inets, closets, deck first employed as a clerk with the Panama Lamar, Ark. houses, berths and Railroad. She also has service with the Willis N. Pence has continuous service interior and exterHealth Bureau and the Accounting Diviwith the Electrical Division, where he is or woodwirk. 3 -.now a Wireman. He is a native of North MJr. McKown, .Charles McG. Brandt, of Asheville, N. C., Carolina, born in Mecklinberg County. who was born at is a Civil Engineer in the Engineering DiCucbra, blwml his vision; lie began his Canal service as a surMrs. Delta Sampsell's service is also ('aIiil service as it veyor, November 24, 1928. His service is continuous. She is Obstetrics Nurse Superapprentice shipwright ill the Marine Bucontinuous and has all been with the Engivisor at Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Sampsell, real, Fe1britary 15, 1918 -one of the first neering and Construction Bureau. whose hometown is Libertyville, Md., beof le ( Caminl's apprentices -and has been Sam R. Cunningham, of Sedalia, Mo., is gan her service as a nurse with the Health with that lhiirean ever since. Ile is low Accounting Assistant in charge of steamship Bureau. employed at Mount ]lope. Mr. McKeown clearances in the Accounting Division. His Norbert M. Schommer comes from Wisreceived an incentive award a few years service with the Canal organization is uncousin. He was born at Random Lake. ago for a sitggestion regarding certain broken. All of his service has been with the Supply changes ill imachinery in the Balboa Shops. Roy M. Walther, of Elko, Nev., has conand Community Service Bureau. His pres35 YEARS tinuous service with the Postal Division. He ent position is Chief of the Budget and Onilv two employees were added this now holds the position of Window Clerk. Statistics Section of the Supply Division. iiotih to the list of those with 35 years of 25HYEARS e came to the Canal in 1941 as an accountservice. Both nen began their Canal servThe two employees who completed a ing c Werk. ice with temporary jobs during school vaqUarter century of Canal service last month Glen W. Winberg has a record of contincatiol. both began their employment with positions uous service with the Dredging Division Robert A. Engelke's first job was as a in the old Operation and Maintenance Dewhere he is now serving as Chief Towboat Histeger is the Baltoa Shops Ie now partmient. or Ferry Engineer. He is a native of FairIhoilds till position of Adininistrative AssistT yarPerH.BgrfNwYrk hope, Ala. lilt ill tilie Dreidgiitg Division. Mr. EnThey are Peter H. Borger, of New York, h lope Al. Wso oa etrn. i who came to work as an artisan, and Glas.Nelson E. Wise, of Royal Cetter Id., gelke, who is t native of Norfolk, Va., is ford C. Brown, of Port Antonio, Jamaica. is Project Coordinator with the Engineerf asnallyothe reMr. Borger is now Pumping Plant Operator ing and Construction Bureau. His service ilig Ims frtin whom ignfutions r with the Maintenance Division, while Mr. is cotitiliUoUs. other Panama Caial imits, the Armed ForBrown is employed as a Signalman. The 15 YEARS ces or coiittnercial organizations. latter has had continuous service in this posA round dozen employees reached the 15John H. Joyner, of Ponce, P. R., began ition, now a unit of the Marine Bureau. year mark during the last month. Three his Canal service its steersman oti the stean 20 YEARS of them were born outside the United States. lai ch JHvacinth-a job he held temporarily Eleven employees celebrated two decades They are William F. O'Sullivan, Transuiring summer vacation from school. Mr. Of Canal service during the month of Nolator with the Administrative Branch who Joyuer is now Shop Superintendent in the vemIter, was born in the Philippine Islands; Joseph Motor Transportation Division. He reWesley H. Bailey, whose hometown is Quintal, Machinist with the Locks Division, cently was awarded an Accident Prevention Bogalusa, La., began his Canal service as of Funclial, Isle of Madeira, Portugal; and CertiIicate for his ouitstandiig accident prean artisan iin the Construction QUarterThomas N. Stewart, Fire Sergeant with the mention cflirts while Chief of the Northern master Division, which is now the MainteCivil Affairs Bureau, who was born in District of the Motor Transportation Dinaltnlce Division. He is now working as a Ancon. visimi diiring 1957. Machinist with the Engineering and ConOthers with 15 years of service are: 30 YEARS struction Bureau. Theodore F. Babich, of Ambridge, Pa., Two native Zonians and two women are Paul M. Disharoon, Jr., is a Marine MaTowing Locomotive Operator with the Maaiong the employees who passed the 30chinist with the Marine Bureau. The servrine Bureau; Robert F. Boyd, Staten Island, year mark in Canal service during Noice of Mr. Disharoon, who is a native of N. Y., Pilot with the Navigation Division; vember. Norfolk, Va., was broken by a tour of duty Albert W. Degen, Scranton, Pa., General Joseph L. Hummer, who was born in the in the U. S. Navy. He began his Canal Foreman Stevedore with the Transportatown of Empire which stood oii the banks service as a Tracer ii the old Operations tion and Terminals Bureau; Irene A. Laof the Canal during I lie construction period, and Maintenance Department. drach, Twinberg, Ohio, Nurse Supervisor, joiiied the Canal organization July 25, 1924. Charles S. Howe, of Marblehead, Mass., General Medical and Surgical, with the I [is first job wats with what was then known is Construction and Maintenance SuperinHealth Bureau; and Wilfred A. Lavallee, is t lie Operat ions and Maintenance Departtendent of Harbors in the Dredging DivisWorchester, Mass., Machinist with the ment. lie is presently a machinist with the ion. He began his career, which was broken Locks Division. Locks Division. iby military service, as a student hydrogOthers are Mrs. Edna P. Reilly, of New John A. Taber was born at the Colon rapher. York, Clerk-Typist with the Engineering -lospital and, like Mr. Hummer, began his William W. E. Hoyle was born in Proviand Construction Bureau; Hugh M. Thomas service with the Operations and Maintedence, R. I., and began his employment Jr., of Los Angeles, Maintenance Machinnance Department. Since that time lie has with the Canal as a customs guard. His ist with the Marine Bureau, and Clarence worked a.s a scanii, oiler, and raip operpresent position is Senior Customs InspecR. Vosburgh, of Warsaw, N. Y., Elementary atir. Suhsequently, he joined the Fire Ditor at Balboa. and Secondary School Teacher with the vision where lie advanced to the rank of Lee B. Hunnicutt, a native of Marlin, Division of Schools. Captaiii, the position lie tow holds. Mrs. Mildred K. Clisbee, who is one of 14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5, 1958

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Work On Bridge Approach Accounting Lecture Series To Begin In Dry Season Sponsored By Comptroller Construction of the half-mile-long apwhich will join Thatcher Highway north The Office of the Comptroller is sponproach to join the high-level bridge over of its present junction. soaring a series of ten two-hoor lectures the Canal with Thatcher Highway will beApproximately 350,000 cubic yards of on the subject of accounting, to be pregin during the coming dry season and from material must be moved, either by excavasented by Professor William T. Baxter then until the first automobile crosses the tion or fill, in building the west approach. from December 22 through January 3. structure some four years hence, the entire Most of the fill material required will The lecture series is part of the in-service Pacific area in the vicinity of the location come from the cut through Farfan Hill. training program of the Company and will be a beehive of activity. The construction of the east side apGovernment. It will be attended primarThe Panama Canal Company is now proach will be the larger of these two ily by employees of the Oflice of the accepting bids for the grading and other projects because of the extensive new Comptroller, but other bureaus of the necessary work for the west side approach. traffic connections needed at the Limit. Company and Government, as well as They will be opened December 15. Offers Heavy fill work will be needed for the the Army, Navy, and Air F force will also are expected to be received both from approach which will cross the mud flats be ivited to designate employees of their local contracting firms and companies in between Amador Road and the Canal units to attend. the United States. Zone boundary. Much of this will come Professor Baxter has been Professor of .first of two major confrom the cut required at Chorrillo Hill Accounting at the London School of PtaThis is the fidst ontuctior to and other borrow areas will be designated. tiomics since 1917 and is now in New tracts on the bridge construction to be The division of traffic to and from York City as visiting Professor of Acadvertised for bids. Plans and specifiPanama by the Avenida de los Poetas counting at Colunmbia university. I Ie is cations are almost ready for issue to and Fourth of July Avenue will be by a graduate of the University of Edinprospective bidders for the east apfour different routes. Traffic moving burgh and also attended the University proach work. It is presently planned into Panama City will leave the main of Pennsylvania and Harvard University. to advertise for bids about the end of approach by a direct route. In the He is a member of the Institute of CharDecember and open bids February 2. opposite direction, cars will move over tered Accountants of Scotland, and has Both pieces of work are primarily earthan overpass of the connecting traffic been a lecturer and professor of accountmoving jobs, although the widening and lane from the bridge to Fourth of July ing at the University of Edinburgli and repaving of Fourth of July Avenue will be Avenue, joining the traffic lane leading the University of Cape Town. He is the included in the east approach contract from that avenue to the bridge just author or editor of several books on acThismaintrafficarteryalongtheboundary south of the Gavilan Area. The east counting and related subjects, and has will be widened to 61 feet and will be a approach contract will also include prowritten articles for variOi)S aco1titing four-lane highway with a six-foot parking vision for a connecting link to the apmagaines. lane on the Panama side of the street. proach from Balboa Road. This is the latest of several series of The grading for the west approach will This division of traffic is expected to lectures on accounting antd related subinclude both fill and cut. The graduallyexpedite the movement of cars expected jects which have been sponsored by thc inclined approach will leave the existing to grow increasingly heavy in the coming Office of the Comptroller dluriig the last Thatcher Highway about one mile from years. Under the plan there will be only two years. The program is designed to the ferry slip and cross the north end of two main traffic lanes which will converge enable employees to up-datle and refresh Farfan Hill. Its construction will require and no lanes crossing others to interrupt their accounting knowledge and techthe relocation of a section of Farfan Road the orderly movement of vehicles. niques. PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS RETIREMENTS October 15 through November 15 tX"m"i c" "]li(at e ti '""li the( ciid of Novcmber to thw ((,11owmng (,mEmployees who were promoted or transant marine Eiiginecr (Ttaboa) to Chief pltyees \.1 arc Iisltd I()htlixe n ferred between October 15 and November Towboat or Ferry inIginecer, Ferry Serviice. geihr w ith their birthplacei j t le, yeIrs 4 15 are listed below. Within-grade promoJohn W. Litton, from Marine Machiist Canial survici-, and hei uititio ho uit tions are not reported. Industrial Division, to Machinist, Locks Mrs. Carmen Casey, ( mi %oi ; ( lerk CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Divisioni. Flectrid Divisiol; 1i r) 2. day)t Albert B. Cooper, from Police Sergeant Ollin P. Strickland, from Lad Forni Canial Zone. to Motorcycle Sergeait, Police Division. Shipwright I1 and Assistajit Dockmaster, Mrs. Rosalie A. Demers, Ni York; AcJordan E. Walbridge, from Sheetmetal to Joiier, IiiItistrial Di\ision. coiilijttig ( Ivrk Anouitit g Diviiin; 17 Worker, Industrial Division, to Firefighter, William Wirtz, Jr., from Shipwright to year,4 iib,5 days; S i( Clirm, R.de '. Fire Division. Lead Foremai Shipwright II aid Assistaiit Thomas V. Kelly, \cSt \ irgtii lo; o;id Mrs. Ruth Belcher, from Substitute Dockiaster, Itdttstrial Divisioti. anid Y;irl Loomouiive Eligitteer; Railroad Teacher to Recreation Assistant, Division NEW YORK OPERATIONS Divisini; 21 years, 6 months, 25 ulnys; of Schools.Pa OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Peter A. DeStefano, from Accoitit to E. cGaughey, Grgia; Miariii Alfredo Lombana, from TabUlating EquipAdministrative Officer, New York OperaMchiniit, ihiistrial Divisioi; 6 vears, 2 ment Operator to Accounting Clerk, ActWils. oniiths, 13 da ; Savatmh, Ga. counting Division. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS Otis C. Myers, Liian; iitirnt Etgi ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU BUREAU L. Leroy Barfield, fromt Locomotive Craie i i iIiiwit 26 yiatis I Mrs. Lucille M. Flenniken, from AccointSteam Etgiineer, Locks Division. to Road mnth, 21 dity; Norfolh, Va. ing Clerk, Accountiutg Division to Cost and Yard Locomotive Eigitteer, Railroad Russell J. Parsons, Miig; Atto NtAccounting Clerk, Dredging Division. Divisii pr NIitthiiiisi, *Mli Tlttatitii ID iMrs. Florence K. Redmond, from ClerkWalter E. Robison, from Air Brake Mesio; 28 yeirs, 21 days; Port Charl(tot I I Typist to Veritypist, Engineering Divisiti. chaitic to Wood atid Steel Carman IisipecMrs. Mary B. Slocum, NaryI ii ; TeleMrs. Ruth Clement, from Cargo Clerk, tor, Railroad Division. pholle Operator, Coinuiitni atioits Brahil; Terminals Division, to Clerk, Electrical Mrs. Wilma D. Crump, from Clerk-Ste22 years, 6 ittiti 2 d s; i I soi, M iss. Division. .tographer to Seetary(Stegr Oe Arthur M. Streams sl oiJulius F. McGahhey, from Sipervisory of Transportatioi anil Termiitals lDirector. stitetiii Repre-euitative Iower CoitstrtSteward, Sales and Services Branch, to OTHER PROMOTIONS ht P r jct; 16 yxaiits, oths, 11 itys; Pnmpintg Plant Operator II, Water atid Promotions which did not inivolve chatige Laboratories Branch. of title areHEALTHBUREAU if titl T.Dnre:nyOfc o ei Mrs. Lea N. Lane from Recreatii a T Dunn, Attortey, Dfite of GeiDECEMBER SAIINGS sistatit, Divisiont of Schootls, to Recreatiotii cmal Cotuisel.DE MB R S I NG Leader, Corozal Hospital. Mrs. Phyllis H. Crook, Clerk-SteltograMrs. Olga S. Luque, front Clerk to Clerkpher, Office of General Maitager, Supply Stenographer, Giurgas I-lospital. Dixisitii. IFROM C RIST OBAL MARINE BUREAU Mrs. Shirley A. Cavanaugh, Accouiting A n-on Decenbier 6 E. Guy Huldtquist, Chief Towboat or Clerk, Accoun ttitIg Divisiott. Cristobal Decembter 17 Ferry Engineer, from Ferry Service to NavWilmer L. Downing, Sipervisory AcA non Iecumtir 24 ligation Division. CO111ting Assistant (Machines), Payroll FROM NEW YORK John S. Catanzaro, from Second AssistBranch, Acconiting Division. Cristobal Decemer i) Ancon December 1f December 5 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Cristobal December 26

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SHIPS AND SHIPPING Tuna Shipments Scientific Expeditions *Thousands of tons of frozen tuna, both cientic petition s yellow-fin and albacore, have been movOne scientific expedition transited the ing recently over the Cristobal piers as Canal last month and another is due i transshipment cargo. The tuna is comCristobal next week after a cruise around ing from the South Atlantic, primarily the Caribbean. from the Brazilian coast, and is en route Southbound November 12, from Charlto canneries in the Los Angeles area. eston, S. C., to Callao, was the 202-foot When space is available, the tuna has Vema, a research vessel owned and operbeen transshipped aboard vessels of the ated by Columbia University. The trim Japanese N.Y.K. Line. Last month black-hulled schooner, flying the Panahowever, 358 tons were loaded aboard manan flag, attracted much attention the new Barber Wilhelmsen motorship from a large group of Roosevelt Medal Tagaytay, which arrived in Cristobal No_ holders who took off from Gamboa for a vember 16 and was southbound through partial transit of the Canal aboard the the Canal November 18. ferryboat Presidente Porras just as the An additional 850 tons was to be Vema was opposite Gamboa. loaded aboard the Panama flag Puerto The Vema was built in Copenhagen in del Sol which was chartered especially to 1923 as a yacht. During the latter part carry the frozen tuna. of the 1940's she became a Coast Guard training ship and in 1950 was purchased New Customer by Columbia University and fitted out as a The now 10,854 deadweight ton motorresearch vessel. On her present trip she carship Tagaytay, which carried some of the Greetings from the Mayor of Japan's ries a crew of 32, including her master. tuna to Los Angeles, was on her maiden bustling seaport, Kobe, were delivered The second research vessel is the 142voyage in the Far East service of the last month to Gov. W. E. Potter by foot Atlantis, owned by the Woods Hole Barber-Wilhelmsen Line. She is the first Capt. H. Marukami, the master of the Oceanographic Institution of Massachuof four sister ships which will be placed speedy new "Yamakimi Maru," when setts. She is due in Cristobal about Dein this service in the next year. the ship arrived in Canal Zone waters cember 7 on a geological, biological, and The vessel is 524 feet overall and has on her maiden voyage. The occasion hydrographic cruise which has taken her a 65-foot beam. She was built at Hamwas the 90th anniversary of the opento Trinidad, Curacao, and Maracaibo. burg and has a cargo capacity of 620,165 ing of the Port of Kobe to world trade. She is not scheduled for transit. cubic feet, icluding :30,015 cubic feet of In his letter Dr. Chujiro Haraguchi, The Atlantis is no stranger to Canal space for refrigerated cargo. The TagayMayor of Kobe, wrote: waters. She was northbound through the lay has deep tanks for all kinds of bulk"Last year there were 4,923 ship arCanal on January 10, 1956, from Antooil, and special lockers for the safe stowrivals totaling 28,218,817 gross tons on fagasta, Chile. At the time she was age of valuable cargo. Her local agents foreign services alone ...The comcarrying a crew of 21. are C. 13. Fenton & Co. bined total of foreign and local cargo Panama Agencies are agents for both Travel And Learn exceeded 15,500,000 measurement tons of the scientific vessels. Refresher training under tropical skies and, I dare say, some of the above veswas the order of the day for the 317 passensels must have called at your port. Maiden Voyage gers aboard the Stockholm which berthed "The thought makes me feel as if The motor vessel Marburg, newest adat Cristobal November 17 on a 15-day we are living next door to each other dition to the Hamburg American Line's Caribbean cruise. The cruise was sponsorin spite of the great distances which fleet, was northbound through the Canal ed by the College of Medicine of Ohio State separate us. The million citizens of November 16 on the homeward bound University and the bulk of the Stockholm's our city share my feelings." stretch of her maiden voyage. passengers were medical men. Dr. Charles The ship which carried the Mayor's The 397-foot vessel, which has a deadA. Doan, Dean of the College, and six message is the latest addition to the weight capacity of 6,885 metric tons, has faculty members were aboard. Yamashita Line fleet. Completed on been assigned to the Hamburg American The ship picked ip her passengers in October 15, of this year, she has a speed North German Lloyd weekly service from Wilmington, N. C. Her stops were Haof 21.25 knots and is scheduled to make Europe to the Pacific coast. She was vana, the San Blas, Cristobal, Curacao the Japan-New York run in 23 days. southbound through the Canal on her LaGuaira, St. Thomas, and San Juan The new ship, sister of the "Yamakawa maiden transit September 25. before she returned to Wilmington. She Maru," grosses 9,275 tons and has a Her West Coast ports included Los Anwas handled locally by C. B. Fenton & cargo capacity of approximately 17,200 geles, San Francisco Portland, VancouCo. Boyd Brothers were in charge of the cubic meters, including about 400 cuver, and Crofton, B. C. She is now en shore excursion for the passengers; this bic meters of refrigerated cargo space. route to London, Antwerp, Amsterdam, included a transit of the Cut aboard the Fernie & Company are the local and Hamburg. ferryboat Presidente Porras. agents for the Yamashita Line. Local agents for the ship are the ConNew Route tinental Shipping Company. With the arrival here from the Orient, TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING Sugar To The Orient via the U. S. West Coast, of the motorVESSELS IN OCTOBER Two large shipments of Panamanian vessel Horai Maru on Christmas Day, 1957 1958 sugar have been loaded at the port of the N.Y.K. Line of Japan will inaugurate Commercial -------------813 806 Balboa recently for Hong Kong, with the a new monthly service from the Far East U. S. Government -------23 14 Maersk Line serving as carrier for both. to Gulf ports. For the present, the serv--These are the first large shipments of ice is restricted to cargo. Total----------836 820 local sugar to Hong Kong, according to The Horai Maru was scheduled to sail TOLLS waterfront sources. The shipper in both from Kobe on November 24. En route Commercial --$3,684,260 $3,720,876 cases was the Compania Azucarera La to the Canal, she was to stop at San U. S. Government 54,725 93,139 Estrella, S.A. Francisco and Los Angeles. After transiting the Canal she is to call at Santiago Total --$3,738,985 $3,814,015 The first shipment, 1,022 tons, left the de Cuba, Havana, Miami, Tampa, Mo*Inciudes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small. Isthmus for Hong Kong aboard the Olga bile, New Orleans, Houston, Galveston CARGO (long tons) Maersk on October 28. The second shipand Corpus Christi.o' Commercial_ ----4,307,316 4,097,479 ment, of about 700 tons, left Balboa NoOn her return trip to Japan, she will U. S. Government 65,937 94,164 vember 12 on the Luna Maersk. C. B. -Fenton & Co. are agents for Maersk Line call at Central American and West Coast Total---4,373,253 4,191,643 ships here. U. S. ports. Local agents for the N.Y.K. Line are Norton Lilly & Co. 16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW December 5, 1958