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Panama Canal review
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00190
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1958
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00190
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text

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PANAMA ( CANAL

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ILE YE E. V/


ZONE, NOVEMBER 7, 1958
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EDWARD A. BACON


Theodore


Roosevelt
GEORGE H. RODERICK


centennial celebration to be climaxed
by presentation of bust


For the first time in the 56 years the
Canal Zone has been a geographic and
political entity, there is to be some tangi-
ble monument to the man perhaps most
responsible for its being and, certainly,
the individual most closely connected
with its early history.
At 10 o'clock on Saturday morning,
November 15, a heroic bronze bust of
Theodore Roosevelt, fashioned by the
noted sculptor, G. W. Derujinsky, will
be unveiled in the rotunda of the Ad-
ministration Building at Balboa
Heights. The bust will face the Pa-
cific entrance to the Panama Canal
which itself is the greatest monument
to his dynamic leadership.
Significantly, the statue will be un-
veiled and dedicated in the presence of
a relatively large group of men and wo-
men who represent the working force that
made the Canal a reality. These are the
holders of the Roosevelt Medals which are
symbols of the great American President's
personal recognition of their participation
in the enterprise which was watched with
world-wide interest a half century ago.
Secondary only to the dedication of the
bust at the Saturday morning program
will be the presentation of a plaque to
the Panama Canal as one of the Seven
Civil Engineering Wonders of the United
States. The plaque is a gift of the Amer-
ican Society of Civil Engineers; it will be
presented by Francis S. Friel, the So-
ciety's President.
The list of honor guests and speakers at
the dedication ceremony and other events
of the week is a distinguished roster, fore-
most among whom will be members of
President Roosevelt's immediate family.
Two men closely connected with the
Canal organization will be active par-
ticipants in this program. The princi-
pal address will be given by Assistant
Secretary of the Army George H. Rod-
erick who is Chairman of the Panama
Canal Company's Board of Directors.
The Roosevelt bust is a personal gift
of Edward A. Bacon, Deputy Assistant
Secretary of the Army. Secretary Bacon,
an ardent admirer of Roosevelt, will be
here as the donor of the bust and will
participate in the activities of the Cen-
tennial Week.
The closing event of this ceremony


which will climax the week's program
will be the awarding of miniature Roos-
evelt busts to English and Spanish lan-
guage students of the Canal Zone for
the best essays or the subject "Theodore
Roosevelt-American."
Others among the distinguished guests
will be Mr. and Mrs. Maurice H. That-
cher. Mr. Thatcher is the sole living
member of the Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion, among whom none took a more
active interest in Canal affairs than he
after his work here was completed. Mr.
Thatcher will be the principal speaker at
a special meeting of the Isthmian His-
torical Society at the Balboa Theater
next Thursday night at which a histor-
ical pageant, produced by Victor Herr
and Donald Musselman, willbe presented.
The committee in charge of the Canal
Zone observance of the Theodore Roose-
velt Centennial Year has worked closely
with and has had the full cooperation of
the Theodore Roosevelt Centennial Com-
mission. Arriving here next week to take
part in the Zone observance will be Her-
mann Hagedorn, Director and Secretary
of the Commission. Mr. Hagedorn will
deliver an address at a special session of
the Canal Zone Post of the Society of
American Military Engineers which is to
be held Monday night in the Tivoli Ball-
room. Honor guest at this meeting will
be Mr. Friel.
Among the top events of the week's
program will be the welcoming ceremony
at shipside Monday afternoon for a group
of Roosevelt Medal holders from the
United States, and a partial trip through
the Canal Wednesday for all Roosevelt
Medal holders and visiting guests.
Among the significant public ceremo-
nies planned is the planting of a tree
Monday afternoon in the public park in
front of Balboa Police Station. The tree
will be a living memorial to Theodore
Roosevelt who was a pioneer in the con-
servation of America's natural resources.
Judge John E. Deming, Balboa Magis-
trate, will officiate at this ceremony.
The committee in charge of the Cen-
tennial Observance has expressed appre-
ciation for the whole-hearted cooperation
from organizations and individuals. Num-
erous organizations will actively partici-
pate by public ceremonies and dedicatory
programs.


2 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


MAURICE


HERMANN HAGEDORN
.--_


FRANCIS S. FRIEL


November 7,1958






ADVANCED


sections formed for Balboa High School students


ACHIEVEMENT


Parents of certain junior and senior stu-
dents at Balboa High School have re-
ceived notice of the admission of the -
pupils to "advanced achievement" sections
established to give academically talented
students an opportunity for broader !T.
training and more exacting work than
that done in regular classes.
While the program is on an experi- j
mental basis, the establishment of the
"advanced achievement sections" is in ac- '-
cord with a recommendation of the Na-
tional Education Association for grouping
academically outstanding students for .-'; nt e L, .r a
study. The overall program was the
outgrowth of national concern about the
rate of advancement in scientific and
technological fields by today's graduates
from American schools. Recommenda-
tions for the special study groups resulted
from a convention of more than 200 prom-
inent educators held last February under
the sponsorship of the NEA.
Anticipating such a program, school
officials began studies last spring pre-
paratory to the establishment of special
classes on a trial basis for the academi-
cally talented students of Balboa High.
These studies included a careful exami-





Several employees of Canal organization are given


Cash prizes were handed out to a sizeable
group of employees last month for sugges-
tions to improve operations or save money.
The cash awards, ranging from $15 to
$50, were presented individually by Gov-
ernor Potter. The largest single award
of $50 went to Russell A. Weade, of the
Locks Division, for suggesting that Canal
pilots be furnished with telephone head-


sets to permit freedom of hand movement
for signaling or other duties. Mr. Weade
also was awarded $15 for a suggestion to
use chemical for the control of weeds and
grass along the Locks railroad tracks.
A cash award of $30 was received by
Howard L. Sampsell, of the Locks Divis-
ion, and a check for $25 was presented to
Gerald 0. Parker, of Gorgas Hospital.
Awards of $20 each went to Walter


"""""'""'"""'


nation of scholastic records, intelli-
gence records, achievement test scores,
and other pertinent criteria.
The selection of the students now
permits their admission into class groups
which will have more exacting standards
and special training in their subject fields.
The program will be under continuing
evaluation and students who fail to keep
pace will be returned to regular classrooms.
Advanced achievement sections have
been established for seven subjects:
Solid Geometry, Intermediate Algebra,
English 11 and 12; United States History;
Physics; and Chemistry. Students select-
ed are those who have shown special
aptitude in a special subject, some students
winning the honor of being placed in more
than one academically talented class.
Establishment of these outstanding
student study groups will not effect the
normal class schedules, since the size of
the Balboa junior and senior classes are
such that they are already divided into
sections for scheduled classroom work.
As it becomes apparent that the pro-
gram is successful, advanced achievement
sections will be added in other subjects,
and extended to lower grades.



SUGGESTION


AWARDS

Keene, of Gorgas Hospital; Joseph L. H
Demers, Storehouse Branch; Rudolph L.
Jemmott, Supply Division; and Leonard
W. Collins, Balboa Retail Store.
The three employees receiving awards
of $15 were Cecil F. Hayes, of the Store-
house Branch; Mrs. Helen Chisholm,
Motor Transportation Division; and Mrs.
Mabl-le B. Walker.


iiiii ...,,,,...............






C. Z. Students Eligible

For New National

Educational Loans
Junior College and high school students
in the Canal Zone now have an additional
avenue opened for continuing their edu-
cation with the initiation of the new Na-
tional Defense Student Loan program.
This program was authorized by the
National Defense Education Act passed
on the last day of the 85th Congress.
While not all provisions of the Act will
be applicable locally, Zone students at-
tending or planning to attend colleges
or universities in the United States are
eligible for loans granted under favor-
able terms, providing they meet various
requirements. Place of residence is not
a qualification.
Participation in the National Defense
Student Loan program will be on an in-
dividual college or university basis and
student recipients of such loans will be
selected by the college or university itself,
after acceptance for enrollment.
Because of the probability that many
students here may desire to obtain loans
to continue their education, Zone school
officials will make available information
concerning the program to any interested
student. They will also assist to the ex-
tent possible in such matters as obtaining
lists of colleges and universities partici-
pating; furnishing required scholastic rec-
ords; and counseling on requirements and
participation by individual students.
The law requires that each borrower
from the Student Loan be a full-time
undergraduate or graduate student and
in need of the amount of the loan to con-
tinue his or her studies. It also requires
that the student, in the opinion of his
institution, be capable of maintaining a
good standing in the chosen courses.
Special consideration will be given loan
recipients with a superior academic back-
ground who express a desire to teach in
elementary or secondary schools, and
those whose academic background indi-
cates a superior capacity or preparation
in science, mathematics, engineering, or
a modern foreign language.
One of the basic purposes of the pro-
gram as described by the law is "to
identify and educate more of the talent
of our nation" and "to insure trained
manpower of sufficient quality and
quantity to meet the national defense
needs of the United States." Students
participating in the program will be
required to subscribe to an oath of
allegiance to the United States.
Terms for the student loans are excep-
tionally lenient. A student may borrow
up to $1,000 a year, or up to $5,000 for
an entire course in higher education.
Repayment of such loans must begin one
year after the borrower ceases to be a
full-time student and must be completed
ten years thereafter.
While no interest is charged until the
repayment period begins, the interest
thereafter is only three percent a year.
Special advantages are offered for those
who plan a teaching career. The law
provides that up to 50 percent. of the
loan, plus int,-rest. may be canceled in
event the borrower becomes a full-time
teacher in a public elementary or second-
ary school, the caucelation to be at the
rate of 10 percent a year up to five years.


24e Creed


4


Sa Ae WVorher




I believe in the dignity of safety because it
protects me and my fellow workers.
I believe in the teachings of safety because
they attempt to alleviate suffering for me and mine.
I believe in the magnanimity of safety because
it creates conditions whereby workers may enjoy
the fruits of their labor.
I believe in the useful service safety offers be-
cause it considers humanity as unexpendable-
not comparing humanity with inanimate objects.
I believe in the supreme worth of safety because
it teaches the worker to perpetuate his right to
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
I believe that the rules and laws of safety are
made for man and that safety is the servant for
the welfare of man.
I believe in the sacredness of safety because it
creates a world whereby cleanliness and order
reign.
And above all, I believe in safety because it
considers the prolonging and preserving of life
and limb so that mankind shall not be broken and
maimed while striving for a decent livelihood.
By A. J. Pyros
REPRINTED FROM INDUSTRIAL SUPERVISOR


SEPTEMBER 1958
BUREAU

Engineering & Construction (Honor Roll)
Health.........-------------....(Honor Roll)
Supply& Commnunily Serice .......
New York Operations .- .............
Marine. ...
Civil Affairs .............. ......
Transportation & Terminals ......... .
Accident Pool ................
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company...


FIRST AID
CASES
'58 '57
22 22
18 16
33 43
6 14
42 77
6 12
45 36
172 220


DISABLING
INJURIES
'58 '57
0 0
0 2
1 1
1 0
1 1
2 1
3 0
0 -
9 5


DAYS
'58
0
0
11
23
7
106
0
157


LOST
'57
0
22
5
0
37
1
0
65


DISABLING
INJURIES
YEAR
TO DATE
'58 '57
15 4
3 3
7 9
9 1
32(12) 25
14 6
14 19
1 -
96 67


( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries included in total.


4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


November 7, 1958






,CI7VIL DEFENSE
NEWS


Work on the new Civil Defense Head-
quarters-Office for the Pacific side is
progressing. This new Control Center is
being constructed next to the restaurant
in the Administration Building at Balboa
Heights. At the same time the survey of
rooms in the Administration Building in
Cristobal for an Alternate Control Center
was approved by Lt. Governor McElheny.
Most of the communications equipment for
the two offices has already been received.

Additional classes in Home Nursing
are planned for Santa Cruz and Paraiso.
The Paraiso candidates are presentlytaking
the required preliminary first aid course.

Plans are being made for the observ-
ance of National Civil Defense Day
which will be observed throughout the
United States and possessions on Pearl
Harbor Day, December 7. An order for
three special informative booklets has
been forwarded to Headquarters at Battle
Creek, Mich., and should arrive on the
Isthmus the latter part of November. It
is also planned to show some educational
civil defense films at the Balboa Theater.

Training kits for use in the Canal Zone
High Schools on radiological monitoring
have arrived on the Isthmus. The Canal
Zone schools are participating in this
national training program in which 6,000
high schools with a million students are
participating.

A communications plan was submitted
and discussed late last month by those
responsible for communication facilities
in case of a civil defense emergency. The
new plan will now go to the Lieutenant
Governor for approval.

NOVEMBER VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS
Date Town Place Hour
5, 12, 19, Margarita (Home Service 9-ox a. m.
and 26 Nursing Classes) Center 1-3 p. m.
12 Rainbow City School 6:30 p. m.
X3 Santa Cruz Service Center 8:oo p.m
17 Paraiso School 7:30 p. m.






Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone

W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor
WILLIAM G. AREY, JR.
Panama Canal Information Officer

J. RUFus HARDY. Editor
ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor
EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers,
Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10
days after publication date at S cents each. Sub-
scriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10
cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan-
ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor,
The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.


50 Years Ago
The best record for excavation in one
day since the beginning of the Canal work
by the American forces was set November
30, 1908, when 67,130 cubic yards of ma-
terial was taken out by 53 steam shovels
working in the Central Division. This
averaged 1,256 cubic yards per shovel, a
husky day's work by anyone's count.
The primary reason why the "no help
wanted" sign is displayed along the line of
the Canal is that work has passed its high-
est point so far as the employment of men
is concerned, "The Canal Record" an-
nounced with what was later to prove con-
siderable inaccuracy. (The force in No-
vember 1908 totaled 29,827; the highest
number ever employed by the Isthmian
Canal Commission and Railroad combined
was over 43,400 in 1913.) From this time
forward, "The Record" of 50 years ago
continued, the work on the Canal Zone will
be confined largely to the actual Canal
building, that is, to excavation and dam
and lock construction. Building and mu-
nicipal work, erecting houses, installing
water and sewer systems, and road making
have reached the stage where most of the
expenditure from this time forth will be
for maintenance.
In a heavy fog in New York harbor
early in the morning of November 26,
the Panama Railroad's steamer Finance
was rammed and sunk by the White Star
liner Georgic. The Finance was struck
amidships by the Georgic's bow, the blow
exploding an ammonia tank in the hold.
Three passengers on the Finance bound
for the Isthmus and the ship's third as-
sistant engineer were drowned. The Fi-
nance was 295 feet long and grossed
2,603 tons.
The design for the medals which, in
accordance with the promise of President
Theodore Roosevelt, were given to all em-
ployees of the Isthmian Canal Commission
who served two or more years on the Canal
work, was finished by Victor D. Brenner,
famed medalist.
A party of eighteen men started a top-
ographical survey of the watershed of the
Chagres River to determine the drainage
area of the river. From this, engineers
would be able to estimate the water sup-
ply for Gatun Lake.
25 Years Ago
In line with the policy announced the
previous month by the Presidents of the
United States and Panama to curtail
commercial activities in the Canal Zone,
two restaurant concessionaires, Carl
Strom and H. Smith were notified that
they had 30 days to close up their Canal
Zone business. Late in November they
were given an additional month's grace.
Traffic through the Panama Canal con-
tinued its upward trend in November 1933.
November transits totaled 509, compared
with 434 for the previous November, and
414 for November 1931. Three Canal
pilots, laid off in July because of reduced
traffic, were restored to their jobs. An un-
usual transit during the month was the


November 7,1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


oil tanker "Phoenix," owned by the Amer-
ican Tankers Corporation and under char-
ter to the Continental Grain Co. She was
northbound November 23, 1933, with 7,116
tons of wheat from Portland, Oreg. to
Galveston, Tex. Canal officials said they
thought this the first passage of a grain-
carrying tanker in at least 10 years.
The Canal Zone was Antarctic-minded
25 years ago this month. Following close
on the arrival of the Byrd expedition's
Jacob Ruppert came the 60-year-old,
square-rigged, oak-hulled Bear of Oakland,
a former whaler later turned Coast Guard
ship. Her crew included five scientists
for the Byrd expedition. She was delayed
slightly when repairs had to be made to
her bow, damaged when she brushed the
side of Miraflores Locks. Meanwhile,
Canal Zone Scouts gathered at Balboa
to pay honors to Paul A. Siple, Eagle Scout
and biologist for- the Byrd expedition.
10 Years Ago
In connection with an extensive revi-
sion of the wage and salary schedule of
the Panama Canal and the Panama Rail-
road, officials announced thi elimination
of the terms "gold" and "silver," used
since the construction period to differen-
tiate between locally-hired and imported
employees.
Reduction in force notices were sent out
ten years ago this month to more than a
tenth of the Mechanical-now Industrial-
Division force. The notices affected 77
skilled and 82 unskilled workers. The re-
duction, heaviest in more than two years,
was made because of the marked decline in
business, primarily marine repair work.
As November ended, all three of the
Panama Line's ships were held in New
York by a longshoreman's strike which
affected all East Coast ports. All ship
mail and packages were routed through
New Orleans; the Canal's commissaries
had laid in extra supplies in case the
strike was prolonged.
One Year Ago
Several million dollars worth of Pan-
ama Canal Company property, most of
it on the Atlantic side, was formally
transferred to the Republic of Panama
a year ago this month, in accordance with
provisions of the 1955 Treaty. Also in
November 1957: Two Congressional
groups, one from the House Post Office
and Civil Service Committee and the
other the Panama Canal subcommittee
of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries
Committee arrived for hearings here, and
a third Congressional group, from the
House Appropriations Committee spent
two days on the Isthmus on an inspection
trip; Maj. Gen. L. J. Sverdrup, of the
St. Louis firm of Sverdrup & Parcel, con-
ferred here with Canal officials on the
design of the Canal bridge; R. G. Le-
Tourneau dropped in briefly to confer on
the new towing locomotives; just after
the Gatun Lake level rose high enough
so that all Diesel plants could finally be
shut down, floods disrupted highway,
rail, communications, and power systems
on the Atlantic side.


November 7,1958


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW





















































"4. _Y
; ."..









Above: This ditch is choked with weeds.
Below: This ditch has been cleaned out.


After a year's intensive fi
dence rate for malaria in th
has dropped back to figure
come to be regarded as n
postwar period when rates
est ever known in this area
The one-year period of in
laria eradication and mos4
ended in September. It w
after an upsurge of malaria
which occurred, coincident
scourge of mosquitoes in resi
particularly on the Atlantic
During the three-mont
July through September
there were only eight m
reported in the Zone, le
number in any one month
parable quarter of the pre
The effectiveness of the
reau's campaign has also
the various survey stations
quitoes are trapped and id
the Atlantic-side survey
malaria-carrying mosquit(
en during July and Augu
one in September.
The full effects of this in
gram have now begun to a
tistical form. The Health Bi
for the number of malaria
four months just after the
such a rapid rise and those
tive months this year are:
1957


June --------
July ------.......
August ------
September---


Total*
47
29
60
54


C. Z.
23
9
19
16


Total---- 190 67
All employees and families living
side the Canal Zone.
The sudden upturn in the
in June of last year occur
lowest malaria rate in the 50
of the Canal Zone, and only
after no malaria cases were
a full month for the first ai
since the construction of th
begun in 1904. The flare-ul
tively demonstrated the need
and intensive efforts to k


eight, the inci- rates low in the tropics and for provision
e Canal Zone of the funds needed for such work.
es which had Recognizing the gravity of the situa-
ormal in the tion, Governor Potter gave his full back-
were the low- ing to a program of malaria eradication
and mosquito control recommended by
itensified ma- Col. Charles 0. Bruce, Health Director.
quito control The intensified program was conducted
as instituted on a broad scale and many phases were
in June 1957 not generally known. Some highlights of
;ally, with a the program are:
idential areas, Development of a "Master plan report
side. for eradication of malaria and control of
:h period of mosquitoes in the Canal Zone;" employ-
of this year ment of additional personnel, including
malaria cases an entomologist, an additional sanitation
ss than the inspector, and some 85 temporary labor-
of the com- ers in various categories; reestablishment
ceding year. of 10 mosquito survey stations; restora-
Health Bu- tion or cleaning of 234 miles of mosquito
shown up at control drains, most of which were in the
where mos- swampy areas on the Atlantic side; re-
entified. At spraying of all rural dwellings and other
station, no selected buildings with a residual insecti-
oes were tak- cide, dieldrin; continuance of blood sur-
1st and only veys for parasite carriers among rural
dwellers and groups of employees; free
tensified pro- hospitalization of all malaria cases as a
ppear in sta- public health measure; free distribution
ireau's record of anti-malaria drugs; improvement of
cases in the drainage in the practically closed East
rate showed Diversion on the Atlantic side by the
for compara- Dredging Division's specially constructed
suction dredge Mandinga; topographic
surveys by the Engineering Division for
drainage improvement; binfonthly aerial
Total* C. Z. spraying through assistance of the U. S.
36 12 Army; and acquisition of much additional
22 2 equipment and supplies of newest ap-
10 2 proved insecticides.
21 4 Among the equipment placed in service
were six aluminum boats for river and
89 20 lake survey work; three outboard motors;
g within and out- power dusters and power sprayers; spray
pumps; and laboratory microscopes.
malaria rate The fundamentals of the malaria
red after the eradication and mosquito-control pro-
-year history gram conducted by the Health Bureau
a short time during the past year are no different
reported for from those employed back in 1906
nd only time When President Roosevelt visited the
.e Canal was Canal Zone.
p very effec- Some of the fundamentals and pros-
for constant pects for the future were outlined by the
:eep malaria Health Bureau in its summary of results


6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


November 7, 1958























Larva hunter examines anopheline
larvae from water-filled hoofprints.

in the intensive program of the past year.
The statement follows:
"Malaria eradication is not a simple
short-term nor strictly localized program.
Its realization must, of necessity, be on
a sustained and wide geographic basis.
In view of the all-out malaria eradication
campaign being waged by international
and local health authorities in the West-
ern Hemisphere, there is every reason to
believe that malaria eradication will be
achieved in the Canal Zone along with
other Central American areas.
"Climate and topographic conditions
in the Canal Zone are ideal for year-
around propagation of many species of
mosquitoes. The localized control of
these mosquitoes to tolerable levels is
considered essential for efficiency, morale,
and the well being of residents and this
is the objective of the Health Bureau.
"Insecticides and machines are em-
ployed to the extent practicable. How-
ever, sole reliance on insecticides for mos-
quito control has met with disappointing
results because of developing resistance
by many species of mosquitoes and other
insects of medical importance.
"There is an increasing return to the
practice of basic environmental sanitation
in preventing breeding through drainage
of breeding areas and other sanitation
measures. Mosquito control measures re-
instituted or intensified during the past
year have not eliminated mosquitoes, but
they have resulted in a marked decrease
among the adult populations of the var-
ious species as indicated by our catches at
the various survey stations."

A discarded shell case and a glass jar
make a simple trap to recover insects.


Newly Renovated Fern Room

at Tivoli Ready This Week


Extensive renoi action of the Fern Room
of the Tivoli Guest House now in prog-
ress is expected to be completed in time
to have a comfortable and attractive hall
ready for several parties during the Roos-
evelt Centennial celebration.
The Fern Room has been a popular
meeting place for Zonians since it was
opened about 10 years ago. However,
its floor space arrangement and wall loca-
tions added little to its comfort and util-
ization for large parties and banquets.
When present alterations are com-
pleted, there will be little to remind
visiting Roosevelt Medal holders or,
for that matter, local residents of how
that wing of the Tivoli looked previ-
ously. It will be air conditioned and
both its outward and inward appear-
ance will be altered, but much of the
original character will be retained.
The remodeling of the Fern Room is
one phase of an overall plan to revitalize
the old hostelry which was first opened
to accommodate President Theodore
Roosevelt and his party just 52 years
ago. The renovation work is planned
over a period of the next few years with
attention being given first to the public
rooms and areas. Scheduled for extensive
changes are the Coffee Shop, the lobby,
and dining room areas.
The Fern Room is to be glass enclosed
on three sides with floor-to-ceiling win-
dows. The wooden partitions which cut
the floor space up into three rooms and
a porch will be removed and replaced by
decorative panels and plaster walls.
By a reallocation of the floor space, the
two larger rooms and porch will be made


into a unobstructed gathering place. The
new floor plan calls for new and better-
located service bar and pantry. New
entrances are planned both from the out-
side and from the main dining room.
A central air-conditioning plant is being
installed sufficiently large enough to ex-
tend the duct system into the coffee shop
later. The air-conditioning system is sim-
ilar to that being installed at the Admin-
istration Building.
The air-conditioning ducts will be con-
cealed in a new suspended ceiling of acous-
tical tiles. The ceiling will have direct and
indirect lighting of a decorative design to
complement the other interior decorations.
The decorative features of the Fern
Room will include planters around the
three glassed walls filled with both ex-
otic and tropical plantings. New drapes
will be hung on traverse rods on the
window walls to reduce glare and pro-
vide privacy. New furniture is to be
installed but will not be ready in time
for the Roosevelt Centennial parties.
The removal of one wooden partition
and part of another requires the replace-
ment of some structural members. These
wooden members, some badly termite-
riddled, will be replaced by structural steel.
The Fern Room renovation is being
done partly under contract and partly by
Canal forces. The design and decorative
features were done by the Architectural
Branch under Gerald A. Doyle, Jr. The
installation of the structural steel, air
conditioning, and suspended ceiling is
being done under contract, and Mainte-
nance Division crews are performing all
other work.


SHE'S ALL IN


Julie Ann, two-and-a-half-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William LeBrun of
Balboa, has better sense than folks many years her senior. When she tired of look-
ing at the Balboa Toyland display, she just curled up in this box and'fell asleep.








I.


Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between September 15 and October
15 are listed below. Within-grade promo-
tions are not reported.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Jesse R. Gentle, from Doorman Super-
visor, Sales and Service Branch, to Police
Private, Police Division.
John S. Pettingill, from Supervisor to
Coordinator of Educational Studies and
Curriculum, Division of Schools.
Ross E. Anderson, from Elementary and
Secondary School Teacher to Supervisor,
Division of Schools.
Richard A. Johnson, from Guard, Locks
Security Branch, to Distribution Clerk,
Postal Division.
Roger W. Collinge, from Assistant Sup-
erintendent of Schools to Assistant Super-
intendent and Director Elementary Educa-
tion, Division of Schools.
Mrs. Ruth D. Batcheldor, from Substitute
Teacher to Elementary and Secondary
School Teacher, Division of Schools.
Eugene Breakfield, from Window Clerk
to Clerk-in-Charge, Window Service, Postal
Division.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Richard J. Gayer, from Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk to Supervisory Accounting
Assistant, Payroll Branch.
Malcolm A. Johnson, Jr., from Time,
Leave, and Payroll Supervisor to Payroll
Systems Officer, Payroll Branch. .
Joseph J. Saitta, Auditor from New York
Operations to General Audit Division.
Benjamin S. Chisholm, from Plant Ac-
counting Assistant to Construction Cost
Accountant, Accounting Division.
Mrs. Helen M. Cicero, from Tabulating
Equipment Operator to Accounting Clerk,
Accounting Division.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Frederick C. Bitter, from Chief Senior
Engineer, Craneboat Atlas, to Chief Engi-
neer, Salvage Towboat, Dredging Division.
Robert M. Turner, from Maintenance
Machinist Foreman to Lead Foreman,
Water System, Maintenance Division.
Edward E. Kennerd, from Water Meter
Mechanic to Maintenance Machinist Fore-
man, Maintenance Division.
Owen W. Smith, from Filtration Plant
Operator III to Water Meter Mechanic,
Maintenance Division.
William C. Merchant, from Pumping
Plant Operator II to Filtration Plant Op-
erator III, Maintenance Division.
William G. Mummaw, from Lead Fore-
man Quarters Maintenance to Lead Car-
penter Foreman, Maintenance Division.
Howard M. Armistead, from Apprentice
to Armature Winder, Electrical Division.
Mrs. Margaret E. Orvis, from Clerk-
Typist to Accounting Clerk (Typing), Con-
tract and Inspection Division.
HEALTH BUREAU
Mrs. Elizabeth T. Meier, from Staff
Nurse to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Sur-
gery), Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Martha A. Carey, from Staff Nurse
(Medicine and Surgery), Gorgas Hospital,
to Head Nurse (Psychiatry), Corozal Hos-
pital.
Dr. Charles H. Glines, from Hospital
Resident to Medical Officer (Pediatrics),
Gorgas Hospital.
Clara A. Zapponi, from Staff Nurse to
Nurse Supervisor, Gorgas Hospital.
MARINE BUREAU
Mrs. Alda L. McLeod, from Accounting
Clerk, Terminals Division, to Clerk-Typist,
Navigation Division.
Mrs. Genevieve K. Field, from Clerk-
Typist to Time and Leave Clerk, Naviga-
tion Division.
Richard H. Crowell, from Wireman to
Wireman Foreman I, Locks Division.
Waldemar R. Zirkman, from Wireman
Foreman I to Control House Operator,
Locks Division.
Donald P. Hutchison, from Control House
Operator to Lockmaster, Locks Division.
Russell C. Meissner, from Lockmaster to
General Electrical Foreman III, Locks Di-
vision.
William F. Young, from General Electri-


.PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS -, ANNIVERSARIES -


41 YEARS
Two employees, each with the consider-
able total of 41 years of government service,
top this month's list of anniversaries. Co-
incidentally, both have names beginning
with "B."
Joseph G. Brown, Office Services As-
sistant in the Office of the Panama Canal
Company's Secretary, in Washington, has
never worked for any other employer but


cal Foreman III to Chief Foreman, Locks
Operations, Locks Division.
Evert H. Ohman, from Signalman to Sup-
ervisory Signalman, Navigation Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU
James L. Snyder, from Commissary Sup-
ervisor to Assistant Supply Officer (Dry
Goods), Sales and Service Branch.
Lew W. McIlvaine, from Assistant Sup-
ply Officer to Supply Officer (Housewares),
Sales and Service Branch.
Elwood G. Bissett, Assistant Supply Offi-
cer from Drygoods to Housewares, Sales
and Service Branch.
Fisher M. Oltenburg, from Motion Pic-
ture Projection Equipment Mechanic, Mo-
tion Picture Unit, to Maintenance Man
Foreman, Office of General Manager, Sup-
ply Division.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
Alphonse J. Roy, from Second Mate,
Taboga, Dredging Division, to Guard, Ter-
minals Division.
Henry C. Appel, from Liquid Fuels Gau-
ger to Cribtender Foreman, Terminals Di-
vision.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
Promotions which did not involve change
in title follow:
Wilfred R. Waldrip, Eminent T. Harper,
Erling B. Verner, Commissary Supervisor,
Sales and Service Branch.
Andrew C. Nagy, Time, Leave, and Pay-
roll Supervisor, Payroll Branch.
William A. Violette, James W. Kitchens,
Marine Inspection Assistant, Navigation
Division.
Mrs. Helen F. Heim, Cargo Clerk, Term-
inals Division.



NOVEMBER SAILINGS

FROM CRISTOBAL
Ancon ---------------------November 1
Cristobal ------------------November 12
Ancon --------------------November 19
Cristobal ------------------November 29
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal ------------------November 4
Ancon -------------------- November 11
Cristobal ------------------- November 21
Ancon November 28
Southbound ships which leave New York Friday
are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti.
Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after
clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from
Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear
Cristobal Wednesday.


RETIREMENTS

Retirement certificates were presented
the end of October to the following employ-
ees who are listed alphabetically, together
with their birthplace, positions, length of
Canal service, and their future addresses:
George C. Carlson, Massachusetts; Auto-
matic Telephone Communications Equip-
ment Maintainer, Communications Branch;
9 months; Punta Gorda, Fla.
Mrs. Laura G. Casement, New York;
Accounting Clerk, Accounting Division; 17
years, 26 days; Plymouth, Pa.
George H. Egger, Sr., New York; Wood
and Steel Carman Inspector, Railroad Di-
vision; 27 years, 6 months, 19 days; New
York.
John C. Harrison, Pennsylvania; Chief
Senior Towboat Engineer, Dredging Divis-
ion; 23 years, 6 months, 2 days; San Fran-
cisco, Calif.
Arthur E. Schneider, New York, Chief
Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division;
15 years, 8 months, 6 days; Fort Myers, Fla.
Hilda E. Wickens, North Carolina; Cash
Accounting Clerk (Teller), Sales and Service
Branch; 15 years, 7 months, 3 days; South
Norfolk, Va.


Joe Brown's job concerns the Canal,
his daughter is a nurse in Alaska

the Company or its predecessor-The Pan-
ama Canal. He has served under six chiefs
of the Washington office, beginning with
Maj. Earl I. Brown, and has worked in
seven different locations.
For 41 years he has been answering the
questions of those who want to know about
the Panama Canal, but, so far, he has never
seen the Canal himself.
He was born in Washington and started
his career in the Washington Office in 1917
as a messenger boy at $40 a month. Suc-
cessive promotions have taken him through
the ranks of typist, clerk, assistant chief,
and chief of the Files and Records Section,
property and records clerk, and 'personnel
assistant, to his present job.
Mr. Brown lives in Hyattsville, Md.,
where he spends his spare time gardening
and working in his home hobby shop. ,The
Browns have a daughter who is a graduate
nurse now living in Fairbanks, Alaska.
The other 41-year man is Carl G. Breit-
enbach, General Foreman in charge of
Docking and Undocking in the Navigation
Division.
When he joined the Canal organization
in 1947, Mr. Breitenbach, who is a native
of Utica, N. Y., had already completed a
full 30 years in the U. S. Navy. One of his
last assignments was as Chief Master at
Arms on the USS Massachusetts. He was
aboard when she was commissioned in May
1942 and remained on her for three and a
half years during which time she partici-
pated in action at Casablanca and in the
Pacific. At the time of his retirement, he
was Chief Petty Officer.
All of his Canal service has been with
the Marine Bureau which he joined in 1947
as an engineering aid. In his posi-
tion, he is on-the-job representative for the
Port Captain working out of the Harbor-
master's Office in Cristobal.
35 YEARS
If you have just arrived in the Canal
Zone after being recruited in the United
States; are returning to your home following
retirement; are taking a business trip; or
are going on vacation, your travel papers
will sooner or later pass across the desk of
Robert H. Hicks. Mr. Hicks, a native of
Phoebus, Va., is Travel Expense Claims


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958


September 15 through October 15


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


November 7,1958






Panama Canal

Honor Roll


Russell Parsons, who keeps the cargo-
handling equipment on the Cristobal
docks in tip-top shape, is a modest man.
And, because of his modesty, he came
mighty close to being a forgotten man.
One day recently, he happened to
mention to Robert Kelly, the Personnel
Bureau's Retirement Clerk, that he had
worked here during the construction period
and wondered why he hadn't been includ-
ed in any of the Canal's Honor Rolls.
Mr. Kelly relayed this information to
THE REVIEW staff, who found that Mr.
Parsons was quite right, and certainly
qualified as one of the very few men still
in service who went to work here before
the Panama Canal was completed. How
his name was ever omitted from the list
which was drawn up over eight years ago
is an unsolved mystery.
It had just never occurred to Mr.
Parsons to mention the matter before,
he said the other day.
If he had worked for the Isthmian Canal
Commission a short time longer, he would
have qualified for the famed Roosevelt
Medal given men and women who were
employed for two years or more on the con-
struction of the Panama Canal. As it was,


Russell Parsons, of the Motor Transportation Division, is a belated addition
to the Panama Canal's Honor Roll of men with construction-day service.


his jobs, first as towerman, and later as com-
missary checker, were terminated when he
was a few weeks short of the goal.
He is, however, a Roosevelt Medal
holder by inheritance, so to speak. He
still has the one given his father, Frank
E. Parsons, who came to the Isthmus in
1911 and worked many years as a con-
ductor on the Panama Railroad.
Born in Grayline, Mich., he arrived
here with his family in 1911 and attended
school at Empire, "on the line." He got
his first job as a towerman at Empire and


later worked in the commissaries. He
then started his apprenticeship as a ma-
chinist in April 1914, at a salary of 10
cents an hour.
From 1918 to 1921, he was a machin-
ist in the Cristobal Shops and for the
following 17 years he was employed in
Colombia by the Tropical Oil Company.
Since his return to the Canal organiza-
tion in 1939, he has been employed on
both sides of the Isthmus and at present
is with the Motor Transportation Division
repair shops on the Cristobal docks.


Examiner with the Office of the Comptroller.
His continuous service extends back to
October 9, 1923 when he came to work as
a clerk in the Accounting Division.
The second man on the 35-year anniver-
sary list is also with the Office of the Comp-
troller. He is LeRoy B. Magnuson, Chief
of the Budget and Rates Division. Mr.
Magnuson, whose hometown is Superior,
Wis., began his service as a commissary
messenger in 1917 and has held a number
of positions since that time. Although his
service is not continuous, it has all been
with the Supply and Community Service
Bureau or the Office of the Comptroller.
Carl R. Newhard, of Jersey Shore, Pa.,
is a man who knows all about telephones
having been in communications work con-
tinuously since he came to the Canal in
1923 as a helper in what was then the Oper-
ations and Maintenance Division. He is
now Lead Foreman with the Electrical Di-
vision.
All of R. Andres Rios' service, which is
continuous, has been with the Health Bu-
reau. Mr. Rios, who is a native of San
Sebastian, Puerto Rico, began his Canal
service as an office helper at the old Ancon
Hospital. He is now an Admitting Clerk
at Gorgas Hospital.
30 YEARS
Two school teachers who came to work
for the Canal schools on the same day in
1928 are among those reaching the 30-year
mark this month.
Ruth Crozier, of Rice's Crossing, Tex.,
began her career in the Canal Zone schools
as sixth grade teacher at the Cristobal Ele-
mentary School where she remained until
1953. From 1953 to 1955, she served as
Principal of Gatun and Cristobal Elemen-
tary Schools, joining the faculty of South
Margarita Elementary School in 1955 where
she is again teaching the sixth grade.
Dorothy Kern has spent the past 30 years
teaching the third and fourth grades. She
served on the faculty of the Cristobal, Mar-
garita, and Ancon elementary schools and
this school term is teaching the third grade
at the Ancon School. She is a native of
Mankato, Minn.
Edmund T. Bleakley is a native Zonian
who began his Canal service as a seaman
with the Dredging Division and has con-
tinuous service with that Division. His
present job is Pipeline Dredge Leverman.
Lewis R. Cox, whose hometown is At-
wood, Pa., came to work for the Canal as


a chauffeur with the Transportation Divi-
sion in 1940. He was transferred in 1951
to his present position as Guard Supervisor
with the Dredging Division. His service is
continuous.
Rufus M. Lovelady, Position Classifier
with the Personnel Bureau, is from Haley-
ville, Ala. He joined the Canal organization
in 1936 as a clerk with the Personnel Bu-
reau and all of his service, which is contin-
uous, has been with that Bureau.
Walter H. Hebert is assigned to the Port
Captain's Office at Balboa as Chief Ad-
measurer for the Balboa Port Captain's
Office. His service, which is continuous, has
all been with the Marine Division. He is
a native of Hayes, La.
Victor L. Sanger, Heavy Equipment Op-
erator with the Maintenance Division, is a
native Zonian, having been born in the
Colon Hospital. Although his service is
broken, most of it has been with the Engi-
neering and Construction Bureau.
Adrian W. Webb, Lockmaster, has held
a number of positions in the Locks Division
during his 30 years of continuous service.
He was a tunnel operator for seven years
and has also been a towing locomotive op-
erator. He is a native of Indianapolis, Ind.
25 YEARS
Seven employees, including one native
Zonian, celebrated Silver Anniversaries this
month:
Malcolm R. Wheeler, who was born in
Ancon, began his service as a laborer in the
old Operation and Maintenance Division.
He is now an auditor with the General
Audit Branch.
Preston G. Gau, of Boston, Mass., is a
Tabulating Equipment Operation Super-
visor in the Accounting Division. Although
his service is not continuous, most of it has
been with the Accounting Division.
Thelma R. Godwin, whose hometown is
Tulsa, Okla., had continuous service as a
first grade teacher in the Cristobal school
until February of this year. At this time,
she went on detached service to San Fran-
cisco State College for special study to pre-
pare for her present position teaching hand-
icapped children in the Special Education
Program of the Balboa Elementary School.
Joseph P. Hawthorne was born in Wash-
ington Parish in Louisiana. Although his
service is not continuous, much of it has
been with the Locks Division. He is now
employed as a Lock Operator.
Frank H. Lerchen, who is a native of


November?, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Deming, N. M., has continuous service. As
Supervisory Maintenance Engineer he now
heads the Maintenance Division.
Roy W. Perkins, Lead Foreman, Marine
Bunkering in the Terminals Division, is a
native of Brooklyn, N. Y. His long service
with the Canal is broken by only 5 months.
Semon Theriot, of Kaplan, La., has un-
broken service and it has all been with the
Locks Division where he has held a number
of jobs including towing locomotive opera-
tor and diver. He is now serving as a Lock
Operator.
20 YEARS
A school teacher, who was born on the
Isthmus, is among the employees celebrat-
ing 20 years of Canal service this month.
Emily E. Butcher, who was born at La
Boca, has continuous service with the Di-
vision of Schools. She is now Supervisor of
Music in the Latin American Schools.
Others whose service is continuous are:
Evlyn W. Brandt, of Pittsfield, Ohio, Sup-
ervisory Administrative Assistant with the
Industrial Division; John R. Campbell, of
Mapleton, Nova Scotia, Chief Towboat En-
gineer with the Marine Division; Edward
J. Friedrich, of Louisville, Ky., Lead Fore-
man, Machinist, with the Marine Bureau;
William S. McKee, Fayetteville County,
Va., Foreman, Lock Operator with the
Locks Division; G. C. Rodriquez, of New.
York, Guard with the Locks Division;-
Ervin A. Rolli, of Roxbury, Wis., Guard
Supervisor with the Marine Bureau; Har-
mon Smith, of Jessup, Pa., Wireman with
the Electrical Division; and Elmer E.
Stern, Hillsdale, Md., Lead Foreman Car-
penter, Dredging Division.
Other 20-year employees are: Fred R.
Middleton, Cristobal, General Inspector,
Contraband Control, Customs Division;
and Ruby E. Radel, Henry, Va., Staff Nurse,
Coco Solo Hospital.
15 YEARS
Last month was fifteenth anniversary
month for six Company-Government em-
ployees. Of the six,. four are with the
Marine Bureau.
They are: Joseph A. Bialkowski, Marine
Inspection Assistant; John J. Hewitt, Ad-
measurer; Robert E. Walker, Towboat
Master; and Karl T. Nehring, Probationary
Pilot.
Others celebrating 15 years of service are:
Lucile Abernathy, Commissary Supervisor,
Sales and Service Branch; and Albert T.
Hermanny, District Detective, Police Di-.
vision.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


November 7,1958





S HIP AND 5HIP.


The Liberian oreship Epic, sister ship of the Cosmic, displaces 61,245 tons. She made her maiden transit last month.


CANAL TRANSITS-COMMERCIAL AND U. S. GOVERNMENT
First Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
Atlantic Pacific
to to Total Total Total
Pacific Atlantic
Commercial Vessels:
Ocean-going --------------- 1,138 1,123 2,261 2,371 1,406
Small* ------------------------ 110 104 214 238 211
Total commercial ----- 1,248 1,227 2,475 2,609 1,617
U. S. Government vessels:**
Oceangoing --------------------- 31 16 47 82 ------
Small* ------------------------- 25 33 58 69 ------
Total Government--------- 56 49 105 151 --------
Total commercial and U. S. --49 10-5 -----
Government .. ------------- 1,304 1,276 2,580 2,760 __._._._
*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.
**Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated ships
transited free.


MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS
Vessels of 300 tons net or over
(Fiscal years)

Transit Tolls
Month (In thousands of dollars)
1959 1958 1938 1959 1958 1938
July --------- ---------- 767 788 457 $3,681 $3,668 $2,030
August -------------------- 777 812 505 3,664 3,599 2,195
September -------------- 717 771 444 3,357 3,504 1,936
October-...------------------- -------- 813 461 -------- 3,680 1,981
November -------------------------- 779 435 -------- 3,522 1,893
December---------------- ---------- 774 439 ------- 3,521 1,845
January .-------------------------- 744 444 ------- 3,376 1,838
February .---------------------------- 700 436 ---- 3,104 1,787
March-------------------------- 810 506 -------- 3,628 2,016
April------ --------------------- 734 487------ 3,363 1,961
May ------------------------------..... 752 465 ------ 3,526 1,887
June -----------------------------... 710 445 -------. 3,305 1,801
Totals for first 3 months
of fiscal year---.---.. 2,261 2,371 1,406 $10,702 $10,771 $6,161
Totals for fiscal year----.. 2,261 9.187 ---5,-524-$0;702-- ,796 $23,170


First Quarter Shipping

Fails to Equal Record

Set During Past Year
The number of Canal transits, the
amount of cargo carried, and the tolls
collected during the first quarter of the
current fiscal year all fell short of the
record transits, tolls, and cargo figures of
the comparable period for the preceding
fiscal year. The continued heavy volume
of traffic through the Panama Canal is
evident however from a comparison of
this quarter's figures with those for the
first quarter of fiscal year 1958 and for
fiscal year 1954, five years ago:
1959 1958 1954
Transits 2,261 2,371 1,890
Tolls $10,702,000 $10,771,000 $8,186,000
Cargo* 11,682,750 12,710,273 9,434,783
In long tons.
Although the cargo movement on the
Atlantic to Pacific traffic has dropped
sharply since May, 1957, when it totaled
2,557,000 tons as compared with 1,617,-
000 tons for September of this year, it
has recovered somewhat from the low of
1,450,000 tons set in February.
The decline in the volume of the south-
bound traffic through the Canal is attrib-
uted primarily to the sharp reduction in
purchases by Japan. A check of cargo
manifests for Canal transits shows that
less coal, less scrap, and less miscellaneous
shipments are going through the Canal
to Japan than for some time in the past.
On the other hand, the cargo move-
ments north through the Canal, i.e., from
Pacific to Atlantic, are continuing to set

10 November 7., 1958






records. Trade movement in this direc-
tion has been rising steadily since 1953,
and another sharp rise has been recorded
for the past quarter.
The increase in the first three months
of the current fiscal year is due for the
most part to the intercoastal movement
of petroleum, principally such residual
oils as diesel oil, bunker oil, etc. between
the United States West Coast and ports
on the Eastern seaboard. This trade,
incidentally, has contributed to the drop
in cargo movements in the opposite di-
rection, since the tankers transit from
Pacific to Atlantic loaded and return in
ballast. A similar flow of oil products
occurred in 1956.
Of interest to shippers are figures on
the changes in several of the major
trade routes through the Canal. Trade
between Europe and the West Coast of
South America continues to increase.
Intercoastal trade is up, because of the
shipments reported above. Trade be-
tween the East Coast of the United
States and the Far East is down sharply
because of Japan's curtailed buying.
Despite the reduction in the number
of transits for the first quarter of the
current fiscal year, and the decrease in
the amount of cargo tonnage, tolls have
not dropped proportionately.
Statistics prepared by the Panama
Canal Company's Executive Planning
Staff show that ships are increasing in
size but, at the same time, carrying less
cargo. During the twelve-month period
from November 1957, through September
1958, the average ship transiting the
Canal was measured at 5,269 Panama
Canal net tons. This compares to 5,133
net tons for the 12 months just preceding.
On the other hand, the average cargo load
was 5,189 tons for the November 1957-
September 1958 period, compared with
5,723 tons for the 12 months before that.
There was no significant change dur-
ing the first quarter of the present
fiscal year in the nationality of ships
using the Panama Canal. The United
States continued to hold first place in
the number of transits, followed by
Great Britain, Norway, Germany, and
Liberia. During the first quarter of the
preceding fiscal year the order was:
United States, Great Britain, Liberia,
Norway, and Germany.



Revised Edition of Canal

Information Booklet Ready

A revised edition of the Panama Canal
Company's general information pamphlet
will be ready for general issue this month.
Copies were placed on sale this week in
the Balboa and Margarita Service Cen-
ters and at the Tivoli Guest House.
The pamphlet, "The Panama Canal-
Funnel For World Commerce"--is
printed in color for the first time. It
contains a wealth of general information
about the Canal, its history, and its op-
erations. It is profusely illustrated with
pictures and charts.
A feature of the pamphlet is a map of
the Canal Zone, in three colors, printed
on the back cover.
Individual copies are 15 cents each.
Lots of 10 or more, for distribution by
steamship and travel offices may be ob-
tained for 10 cents each.

November 7, 1958 11


Canal Commercial Traffic by Nationality of Vessels

First Quarter, Fiscal Years


Nationality



Belgian ----------
Belgian ...
Brazilian --
British------........
Canadian -.-----
Chilean -----
Chinese ----------
Colombian -
Costa Rican ------
Danish-------
Dominican Rep. -
Ecuadorian -.----
Estonian-.-.....
Finnish ------...
French ----------
German .-----
Greek ----------
Honduran ---.---
Hungarian ---
Irish-----
Israeli -----------
Italian-----------
Japanese---------_
Liberian ----
Mexican ---____
Netherlands- -.-.-
Nicaraguan _____
Norwegian ------
Panamanian ----
Peruvian -_-..-- -
Philippine -------
Spanish ------
Swedish ------
Swiss .-.-.---
United States ---
Uruguayan---.-..
Venezuelan ------
Yugoslavian ------
Total ---


1959


Num-
ber of
transits
4
1
268
2
20
18
66
4
85
3
9

34
220
20
30
1
2
51
184
212
1
76
20
237
95
17
7
10
58
2
496
1


2,261


Tons
of cargo

2,180
1,563,127

100,732
109,604
93,770
30,341
258,711
6,323
29,767
144,428
595,809
184,515
11,832
10,323
17,098
260,948
1,259,631
1,735,802
321,298
39,899
1,054,504
470,786
61,129
42,373
44,717
189,215
18,487
3,021,926
3,475

11,682,750


Num-
ber of
transit
4
307

19
14
50
5
92
13
7
24
209
33
77


51
154
258
47
21
249
136
11
5
14
45
526



2,371


Tons
of cargo

13,222
1,852,111


96,093
118,516
81,370
32,260
304,427
18,501

27,772
127,565
650,590






2,106,440
222,583
34,308
1,200,024
695,430
57,653
30,722
63,600
181,014

3,110,649



12,710,273


Num-
ber of
transits


292
2
2

55

2

28
91
31
9
2

13
75

60
155
54

2
31
495

2
5


1938


Tons
of cargo
--------

1,667,795
10,096
13,113

254,567

4,695

146,788
450,641
181,941
2,926
11,176


- -- -
39,933
522,490

217,168

855,770
155,169
-- -----
15,280
206,645

2,860,814
1,953
23,151


I--I--


1,406


7,642,111


Principal commodities shipped through the Canal
(All figures in long tons)
PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC

Commodity First Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
Ores, various------------------------------ 1,613,345 1,982,090 541,685
Lumber----------------------------------- 720,111 799,406 877,574
Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt)---- 683,367 79,650 978,129
Sugar 351,490 310,650 439,129
Canned food products ------------------ 317,113 369,597 306,650
Barley ------------------------------------ 284,732 87,817 55,146
Bananas 273,303 265,178 10,432
Metals, various 219,747 219,464 173,726
Nitrate of soda -------------------------- 186,106 240,493 222,756
Wheat------------------------------------ 184,226 501,776 40,873
Food products in refrigeration (except fresh
fruit)-------------------------------- 159,594 124,415 45,205
Coffee ------------------------------------ 92,636 78,919 37,173
Cotton, raw ------------------------------- 76,194 48,857 37,071
Rice 67,375 31,833 23,675
Phosphate 60,175 34,650 14,258
All others --------------------------------.... 1,005,777 981,912 849,620
Total-- 6,295,291 6,156,707 4,653,102

ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC
First Quarter, Fiscal Years
Commodity 1959 1958 1938


Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) ---
Coal and coke -----------------------
Iron and steel manufactures -.-- -------
Phosphate -------------------------
Soybeans ----------------------
Sugar -- --------------------------------
Corn ..--------------------------------
Chemicals, unclassified ------------
Wheat ----------------------------------
Paper and paper products ------------------
Ores, various ----------------
Sulfur---------------------------------
Cotton -----------------------------------
Machinery --------------------------------
Rice -------------------------------------
All others --------------------------------
Total ----------------------------


1,533,041
797,547
406,500
323,428
250,436
238,491
116,101
115,871
100,504
90,444
87,282
86,312
71,847
65,817
62,577
1,041,261
5,387,459


1,749,282
1,166,769
646,923
305,830
171,585
117,077
42,157
108,937
87,421
96,233
143,788
69,940
82,933
95,023
2,735
1,666,932

6,553,565


178,635
47,077
646,493
111,416
900
3,207
33,360
27,985
343
132,018
42,072
83,729
23,877
46,081
1,135
1,610,681
2,989,009






Local Tourist Season

Gets Off To Earliest

Start In Many Years

With the arrival in Cristobal today of
the big cruise liner, Caronia, the local
tourist season gets off to one of the earliest
starts and possibly the busiest seasons
in years. As this issue of THE REVIEW
went to press, the Navigation Division
had requests for 34 trips of the ferryboat
President Porras carrying tour parties
through the Cut.
In addition to the early start of the
tourist season, another unusual feature
of this year's cruise schedule is the fact
that the November visitors are four of the
largest tour ships which, normally, do not
start their Caribbean or around-the-world
schedules until much later in the season.
The 34 reservations represent 16 cruise
ships, inasmuch as several of the big
liners will make more than one call here
before the end of March.
Most frequent of this year's visitors-
with five calls scheduled-will be the
Arosa Sun, due on December 24, January
10, January 24, February 9, and March 1.
The Nieuw Amsterdam will make four
calls: November 8, December 29, Feb-
ruary 11, and March 17. The Evangeline
and the big Empress of England will make
three calls each, and the Gripsholm, Ho-
meric, Mauretania, and Ocean Monarch are
scheduled for two calls apiece.
Cruise parties on the January trips of
the Gripsholm, January 14, and the Em-
press of England, January 22, are to be
so large that the ferry will make two trips
through the Cut for each ship, one in the
morning and another in the afternoon.
In addition to her call at Cristobal
November 24, the Kungsholm is sched-
uled to transit the Canal January 15 for
a cruise which will take her to the South
Seas and Pacific ports. She will return
to Balboa April 13 for northbound transit.
On the outward voyage, the Kungsholm will
berth in Balboa and on the homeward
bound trip she will dock in Cristobal;
each stop will be for several hours.
The list of cruise ships which will dock
in Cristobal and use the ferry boat Presi-
dente Porras for a partial transit of the
Canal for their passengers follows:
NOVEMBER: Caronia, Nov. 7; Nieuw
Amsterdam, Nov. 8; Stockholm, Nov. 17;
and Kungsholm, Nov. 24. The Stockholm
is carrying a group of doctors and their
wives; she is scheduled for a call at the San
Blas Islands before reaching Cristobal.
DECEMBER: Arosa Sun, Dec. 24; Evan-
geline, also Dec. 24; Gripsholm, Dec. 29;
Nieuw Amsterdam, also Dec. 29; Olym-
pia, Dec. 30.
JANUARY: Arosa Sun, Jan. 10; Homeric,
Jan. 13; Gripsholm, Jan. 14; Oslofjord,
Jan. 21; Empress of England, Jan. 22;
Arosa Sun, Jan. 24; Mauretania, Jan. 27;
Maasdam, Jan. 30, and the Ocean Mon-
arch, Jan. 31.
FEBRUARY: Evangeline, Feb. 4; Arosa
Sun, Feb. 9; Empress of England, Feb. 10;
Nieuw Amsterdam, Feb. 11; Mauretania,
Feb. 18; Homeric, Feb. 19; Ocean Mon-
arc.h, Feb. 21; and Berlin, Feb. 23.
MARca: Arosa Sun, March 1; Evange-
line, also March 1; Stella Polaris, March
3; Empress of Scotland, also March 3;


The LeTourneau towing locomotives
have a shorn look without their big,
rubber-tired fenders, which have been
removed for a new series of operating
tests at Gatun Locks. One locomotive is
used on the center wall and one on side
wall. Tests earlier this year and the pres-
ent series have been of major value and
lock operations will reflect economies


Nieuw Amsterdam, March 1
press of England, March 21.
In addition to these ships
seatic, the former Empress of
due in Cristobal the morning
2, on a West Indies cruise. SI
Cristobal late the same nigh

TRANSITS BY OCEAN-
VESSELS IN SEPTEM

Commercial------------
U. S. Government --------

Total ---.--
TOLLS*
Commercial- $3,508,949
U. S. Government 69,019
Total ---$3,577,968
CARGO (long ton
Commercial --.-- 3,936,498
U. S. Government 36,360
Total--- 3,972,858
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-goi


7; and Em-

, the Han-
Scotland, is
;. MIl- 'k r


made possible by the research program.
Personnel from R. G. LeTourneau, Inc.
manufacturers, were here to make the
necessary alterations for the present tests.
They are also assisting personnel of the
Marine and the Engineering and Con-
struction Bureaus in trying out the new
towing devices on Canal floating equip-
ment and ships up to 315 feet in length.


Two Former Zone Officials

Leading Busy Lives In U. S.


e sails fr Two former Lieutenant Governors,
e sails from Col. Herman W. Schull and Col. Hugh
t. M. Arnold, have extended the busy lives
they led on the Isthmus to their new
GOING homes in the United States, according to
IBER letters received by friends in the Zone.
Colonel and Mrs. Schull have moved
1957 1958 from Coral Gables to Jupiter, Fla., and
771 717 presently are building a home there.
18 19 And Colonel Schull, recently appointed
- __- General Manager of the Florida Inland
789 736 Navigation District, has a long canal to
look after-the Intracoastal Waterway
from Miami to Jacksonville. Their mail-
$3,360,346 ing address is Box 686, Jupiter, Fla.
102,902 Colonel Arnold-now Commander of
the 20th Engineer Brigade-and his fam-
$3,463,248 ily live at Fort Bragg, N. C. Both he
s) and Mrs. Arnold have already become
engrossed in a variety of community and
3,496,070 civic activities. Among many other
117,425 things listed in a recent letter he is Pres-
ident of the Ft. Bragg School Board,
3,613,495 and she is busy in both Gray Lady and
ng and small Nurses' Aid work.


TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES
The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300
net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
First Quarter, Fiscal Years
1959 1958 1938
United States Intercoastal _- 153 148 349
East Coast of U. S. and South America ------------- 485 564 97
East Coast of U. S. and Central America------------ 103 125 19
East Coast of U. S. and Far East ----------------- 350 415 217
U. S./Canada East Coast and Australasia ------------ 48 46 49
Europe and West Coast of U. S./Canada ------------..206 211 194
Europe and South America ------------ ----- 278 238 137
Europe and Australasia-------.---------..------- 88 92 44
All other routes---------------------------------- 550 532 300
Total Traffic ------------------- --- 2,261 2,371 1,406


Fenders Removed


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


November 7,1958