Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Full Text
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Theodore
Roosevelt
EDWARD A. BACON GEORGE H. RODERICK
centennial celebration to be climaxed by presentation of bust
For the first time in the 56 years the which will climax the week's program Canal Zone has been a geographic and will be the awarding of miniature Roospolitical entity, there is to be some tangi- evelt busts to English and Spanish lanble monument to the man perhaps most guage students of the Canal Zone for responsible for its being and, certainly, the best essays or the subject "Theodore the individual most closely connected Roosevelt-American." with its early history. Others among the distinguished guests
At 10 o'clock on Saturday morning, will be Mr. and Mrs. Maurice H. ThatNovember 15, a heroic bronze bust of cher. Mr. Thatcher is the sole living Theodore Roosevelt, fashioned by the member of the Isthmian Canal Commisnoted sculpter, G. W. Derujinsky, will sion, among whom none took a more be unveiled in the rotunda of the Ad- active interest in Canal affairs than he ministration Building at Balboa after his work here was completed. Mr. Heights. The bust will face the Pa- Thatcher will be the principal speaker at
MAURICE H. THATCHER cific entrance to the Panama Canal a special meeting of the Isthmian Hiswhich itself is the greatest monument torical Society at the Balboa Theater to his dynamic leadership. next Thursday night at which a historSignificantly, the statue will be un- ical pageant, produced by Victor Herr veiled and dedicated in the presence of and Donald Musselman, will be presented. a relatively large group of men and wo- The committee in charge of the Canal men who represent the working force that Zone observance of the Theodore Roosemade the Canal a reality. These are the velt Centennial Year has worked closely holders of the Roosevelt Medals which are with and has had the full cooperation of symbols of the great American President's the Theodore Roosevelt Centennial Coinpersonal recognition of their participation mission. Arriving here next week to take in the enterprise which was watched with part in the Zone observance will be Herworld-wide interest a half century ago. mann Hagedorn, Director and Secretary of the Commission. Mr. Hagedorn will
Secondary only to the dedication of the deliver an address at a special session of bust at the Saturday morning program the Canal Zone Post of the Society of will be the presentation of a plaque to American Military Engineers which is to the Panama Canal as one of the Seven be held Monday night in the Tivoli BallCivil Engineering Wonders of the United room. Honor guest at this meeting will States. The plaque is a gift of the Amer- be Mr. Friel. ican Society of Civil Engineers; it will be Among the top events of the week's presented by Francis S. Friel, the So- program will be the welcoming ceremony ciety's President. at shipside Monday afternoon for a group
HERMANN HAGEDORN The list of honor guests and speakers at of Roosevelt Medal holders from the
theo dedicatiln cerdmon ander othem event
- the dedication ceremony and other events United States, and a partial trip through
of the week is a distinguished roster, fore- the Canal Wednesday for all Roosevelt : the Caa Wednsda forn whom willbseembeslo
e"' most among whom will be members of Medal holders and visiting guests.
President Roosevelt's immediate family. Among the significant public ceremoTwo men closely connected with the nies planned is the planting of a tree Canal organization will be active par- Monday afternoon in the public park in ticipants in this program. The princi- front of Balboa Police Station. The tree pal address will be given by Assistant will be a living memorial to Theodore Secretary of the Army George H. Rod- Roosevelt who was a pioneer in the conerick who is Chairman of the Panama servation of America's natural resources.
Canal Company's Board of Directors. Judge John E. Deming, Balboa MagisThe Roosevelt bust is a personal gift rate, will officiate at this ceremony. of Edward A. Bacon, Deputy Assistant The committee in charge of the CenSecretary of the Army. Secretary Bacon, tennial Observance has expressed apprean ardent admirer of Roosevelt, will be ciation for the whole-hearted cooperation here as the donor of the bust and will from organizations and individuals. Numparticipate in the activities of the Cen- erous organizations will actively particitennial Week. pate by public ceremonies and dedicatory
The closing event of this ceremony programs.
FRANCIS S. FRIEL 2 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958




ADVANCED
sections formed for Balboa High School students
ACHIEVEMENT
Parents of certain junior and senior stu- nation of scholastic records, Intellidents at Balboa High School have re- gence records, achievement test scores,
ceived notice of the admission of theanoteprietciei. pupils to "advanced achievement" sections and o eet fther petnn te no
established to give academically talented Uf1 permits their admission into class groups
students an opportunity for broader Ywhich will have more exacting standards
training and more exacting work than and special fraining in their subject fields.
that done in regular classes. The program will be under continuing
While the program is on an experi- evaluation and students who fail to keep
mta bais th1salsheto h pace will be returned to regular classrooms.
"advanced achievement sections"~ is in ac- Advanced achievement sections have
cord with a recommendation of the Na- be salse o ee ujcs
tionl EucaionAssciaton or rouingSolid Geometry, Intermediate Algebra, academically outstanding students for Lrs English 11 and 12; United States History;
study. The overall program was the Physics; and Chemistry. Students selectoutgrowth of national concern about the ed are those who have shown special
rate of advancement in scientific and '~aptitude in a special subject, some students
technological fields by today's graduates winning the honor of being placed in more
from American schools. Recommenda- than one academically talented class.
tions for the special study groups resulted Establishment of these outstanding
from a convention of more than 200 prom- student study groups will not effect the
inent educators held last February under normal class schedules, since the size of
the sponsorship of the NEA. the Balboa junior and senior classes are
Anticipating such a program, school such that they are already divided into
officials began studies last spring pre- sections for scheduled classroom work.
paratory to the establishment of special As it becomes apparent that the proclasses on a trial basis for the academi- gram is successful, advanced achievement
cally talented students of Balboa High. sections will be added in other subjects,
These studies included a careful exami- and extended to lower grades.
SUGGESTION
Several employees of Canal organization are given
AWARDS
Cash prizes were handed out to a sizeable sets to permit freedom of hand movement Keene, of Gorgas Hospital; Joseph L. H group of employees last month for sugges- for signaling or other duties. Mr. Weade Demers, Storehouse Branch; Rudolph L. tions to improve operations or save money. also was awarded $15 for a suggestion to Jemmott, Supply Division; and Leonard
The cash awards, ranging from $15 to use chemical for the control of weeds and W. Collins, Balboa Retail Store.
$50, were presented individually by Gov- Agas award th oc30s rci ed b ak. Te three employees receiving awards ernor Potter. The largest single award Ho a ward ape of the Lcs Dcivedsb of $15 were Cecil F. Hayes, of the Storeof $50 went to Russell A. Weade, of the ion, and a check for $25 was presented to house Branch; Mrs. Helen Chisholm, Locks Division, for suggesting that Canal Gerald 0. Parker, of Gorgas Hospital. Motor Transportation Division; and Mrs. pilots be furnished with telephone head- Awards of $20 each went to Walter Mabelle B. Walker.




C. Z. Students Eligible
For New National
Educational Loans
Junior College and high school students FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION in the Canal Zone now have an additional
avenue opened for continuing their education with the initiation of the new National Defense Student Loan program.
This program was authorized by the
National Defense Education Act passed
on the last day of the 85th Congress.
While not all provisions of the Act will ,2 "4/." 2C e
be applicable locally, Zone students at- .
tending or planning to attend colleges or universities in the United States are
eligible for loans granted under favor able terms, providing they meet various
requirements. Place of residence is not
qualification. l a
Participation in the National Defense
Student Loan program will be on an individual college or university basis and
student recipients of such loans will be
selected by the college or university itself,
after acceptance for enrollment. !'
Because of the probability that many
students here may desire to obtain loans
to continue their education, Zone school I
officials will make available information
concerning the program to any interested
student. They will also assist to the ex- I believe in the dignity of safety because it
tent possible in such matters as obtaining protects me and my fellow workers.
lists of colleges and universities partici- I believe in the teachings of safety because
rating; furnishing required scholastic rec- they attempt to alleviate suffering for me and mine.
ords; and counseling on requirements and
participation by individual students. I believe in the magnanimity of safety because
The law requires that each borrower it creates conditions whereby workers may enjoy
from the Student Loan be a full-time the fruits of their labor.
undergraduate or graduate student and I believe in the useful service safety offers bein need of the amount of the loan to con- cause it considers humanity as unexpendabletinue his or her studies. It also requires not coparin humanity as inan abe-that the student, in the opinion of his comparing humanity with inanimate objects.
institution, be capable of maintaining a I believe in the supreme worth of safety because
good standing in the chosen courses. it teaches the worker to perpetuate his right to
Special consideration will be given loan life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
recipients with a superior academic background who express a desire to teach in I believe that the rules and laws of safety are
elementary or secondary schools, and made for man and that safety is the servant for
those whose academic background indi- the welfare of man.
cates a superior capacity or preparation I believe in the sacredness of safety because it
in science, mathematics, engineering, or creates a world whereby cleanliness and order
a modern foreign language. reign.
One of the basic purposes of the program as described by the law is "to And above all, I believe in safety because it
identify and educate more of the talent considers the prolonging and preserving of life
of our nation" and "to insure trained and limb so that mankind shall not be broken and
manpower of sufficient quality and maimed while striving for a decent livelihood.
quantity to meet the national defense By A. J. Pyros
needs of the United States." Students
participating in the program will be REPRINTED FROM INDUSTRIAL SUPERVISOR
required to subscribe to an oath of
allegiance to the United States.
Terms for the student loans are exceptionally lenient. A student may borrow
up to $1,000 a year, or up to $5,000 for
an entire course in higher education.
Repayment of such loans must begin one SEPTEMBER 1958
year after the borrower ceases to be a ,NJURIE
full-time student and must be completed FIRST AID DISARLING DAYS LOST YEAR
CASES INJURIES TO DATE
ten years thereafter. 's8 57 '58 '57 '58 '57 '58 '57
While no interest is charged until the Engineering & Construction- (Honor Roll) 22 22 0 0 0 0 15 4
repayment period begins, the interest Health ----------------- (Honor Roll) 18 16 0 2 0 22 3 3
the i i e n Supply& Community Service --------33 43 1 1 11 5 7 9
hereafr is only tree percent a year. NeYork Operations -------------- 6 14
Special advantages are offered for those Marine --------------------------42 77 1 1 23 37 32(12) 25
who plan a teaching career. The law Civil Affairs----------------------- 6 12 2 1 7 1 14 6
provides that up to 50 percent of the ansportation & Terminals ----------45 36 3 0 106 0 14 19
loan, plus interest may be canceled in Pool p a-------------------- 0 0 1
event the borrower becomes a full-time
teacher in a public elementary or second- Locks Overhaul Injuries included in total.
ary school, the cancelation to be at the rate of 10 pircnt a year up to five years. 4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Novehiber 7, 1,95




C.. E1.E~FENSE. -. PAGES ,rROM TH
NEWS AtSHIS'*Work on the new Civil Defense Head- THIS MONTH
quarters-office for the Pacific side is
progressing. This new Control Center is
being constructed next to the restaurant 50 Years Ago oil tanker "Phoenix," owned by the Amerin the Administration Building at Balboa ican Tankers Corporation and under charHeights. At the same time the survey of The best record for excavation in one ter to the Continental Grain Co. She was rooms in the Administration Building in day since the beginning of the Canal work northbound November 23, 1933, with 7,116 Cristobal for an Alternate Control Center by the American forces was set November tons of wheat from Portland, Oreg. to was approved by Lt. Governor McElheny. 30, 1908, when 67,130 cubic yards of ma- Galveston, Tex. Canal officials said they Most of the communications equipment for terial was taken out by 53 steam shovels thought this the first passage of a grainthe two offices has already been received, working in the Central Division. This carrying tanker in at least 10 years.
averaged 1,256 cubic yards per shovel, a The Canal Zone was Antarctic-minded Additional classes in Home Nursing husky day's work by anyone's count. 25 years ago this month. Following close
aredplanditoSatasse n d Nrsg The primary reason why the "no help on the arrival of the Byrd expedition's are planned for Santa Cruz and Paraiso. wanted" sign is displayed along the line of Jacob Ruppert came the 60-year-old, TheParaisocandidatesarepresentlytaking the Canal is that work has passed its high- square-rigged, oak-hulled Bear of Oakland, the required preliminary first aid course. est point so far as the employment of men a former whaler later turned Coast Guard is concerned, "The Canal Record" an- ship. Her crew included five scientists
Plans are being made for the observ- nounced with what was later to prove con- for the Byrd expedition. She was delayed ance of National Civil Defense Day siderable inaccuracy. (The force in No- slightly when repairs had to be made to
which will be observed throughout the vember 1908 totaled 29,827; the highest her bow, damaged when she brushed the United States and possessions on Pearl number ever employed by the Isthmian side of Miraflores Locks. Meanwhile,
Harbor Day, December 7. An order for Canal Commission and Railroad combined Canal Zone Scouts gathered at Balboa
three special informative booklets has was over 43,400 in 1913.) From this time to pay honors to Paul A. Siple, Eagle Scout been forwarded to Headquarters at Battle forward, "The Record" of 50 years ago and biologist for the Byrd expedition. Creek, Mich., and should arrive on the continued, the work on the Canal Zone will Isthmus the latter part of November. It be confined largely to the actual Canal 10 Years Ago
is also planned to show some educational building, that is, to excavation and dam In connection with an extensive revicivil defense films at the Balboa Theater. and lock construction. Building and mu- sion of the wage and salary schedule of nicipal work, erecting houses, installing the Panama Canal and the Panama RailTraining kits for use in the Canal Zone water and sewer systems, and road making road, officials announced thgelimination High Schools on radiological monitoring have reached the stage where most of the of the terms "gold" and "silver," used have arrived on the Isthmus. The Canal expenditure from this time forth will be since the construction period to differenZone schools are participating in this for maintenance. tiate between locally-hired and imported
national training program in which 6,000 In a heavy fog in New York harbor employees.
high schools with a million students are early in the morning of November 26, R
participating. the Panama Railroad's steamer Finance Reduction in force notices were sent out
was rammed and sunk by the White Star ten years ago this month to more than a A communications plan was submitted liner Georgic. The Finance was struck tenth of the Mechanical-now Industrialand discussed late last month by those amidships by the Georgic's bow, the blow Division force. The notices affected 77 responsible for communication facilities exploding an ammonia tank in the hold. skilled and 82 unskilled workers. The rein case of a civil defense emergency. The Three passengers on the Finance bound duction, heaviest in more than two years, ine ofan il dfenswg e ie en. The for the Isthmus and the ship's third as- was made because of the marked decline in new plan will now go to the Lieutenant sistant engineer were drowned. The Fi- business, primarily marine repair work. Governor for approval. nance was 295 feet long and grossed As November ended, all three of the
2,603 tons. Panama Line's ships were held in New
OVEMBER VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS The design for the medals which, in York by a longshoreman's strike which
Date Town Plce Hour accordance with the promise of President affected all East Coast ports. All ship
5, 12, 19, Margarita (Home Service 9-" a. m. Theodore Roosevelt, were given to all em- mail and packages were routed through and 26 Nursing Classes) Center 1-3 p. m. T New
31 Rainbow City School 6:3o p. m. ployees of the Isthmian Canal Commisswn Orleans; the Canal's commissaries
13 Santa Cruz Service Center 8:oo p. m who served two or more years on the Canal had laid in extra supplies in case the 17 Paraiso School 7:30 P. I. work, was finished by Victor D. Brenner, strike was prolonged.
famed medalist. One Year Ago
A party of eighteen men started a top- Several million dollars worth of Panographical survey of the watershed of the
Chagres River to determine the drainage ama Canal Company property, most of area of the river. From this, engineers it on the Atlantic side, was formally i i. vvwould be able to estimate the water sup- transferred to the Republic of Panama
WE' IFK TT wold e ale t esimae th waer up-a year ago this month, in accordance with Official Panama Canal Company Publication ply for Gatun Lake. provisions of the 1955 Treaty. Also in
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z. 25 Years Ago November 1957: Two Congressional
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone In line with the policy announced the groups, one from the House Post Office previous month by the Presidents of the and Civil Service Committee and the W. E. POTTER, Governor-President United States and Panama to curtail other the Panama Canal subcommittee
JOHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor commercial activities in the Canal Zone, of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries
WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. two restaurant concessionaires, Carl Committee arrived for hearings here, and
Panama Canal Information Officer Strom and H. Smith were notified that a third Congressional group, from the
they had 30 days to close up their Canal House Appropriations Committee spent J. RuFus HARDY. Editor Zone business. Late in November they two days on the Isthmus on an inspection
ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor were given an additional month's grace. trip; Maj. Gen. L. J. Sverdrup, of the EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant Traffic through the Panama Canal con- St. Louis firm of Sverdrup & Parcel, continued its upward trend in November 1933. ferred here with Canal officials on the On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. November transits totaled 509, compared design of the Canal bridge; R. G. LeRetail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10
days after publication date at S cents each. Sub- with 434 for the previous November, and Tourneau dropped in briefly to confer on ucrlptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 414 for November 1931. Three Canal the new towing locomotives; just after cents each. pilots, laid off in July because of reduced the Gatun Lake level rose high enough
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan- traffic, were restored to their jobs. An un- so that all Diesel plants could finally be ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. usual transit during the month was the shut down, floods disrupted highway, rail, communications, and power systems
November 7, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5 on the Atlantic side.




4i*
After a year's intensive fight, the inci- rates low in the tropics and for provision dence rate for malaria in the Canal Zone of the funds needed for such work. has dropped back to figures which had Recognizing the gravity of the situacome to be regarded as normal in the tion, Governor Potter gave his full backpostwar period when rates were the low- ing to a program of malaria eradication est ever known in this area. and mosquito control recommended by
The one-year period of intensified ma- Col. Charles 0. Bruce, Health Director. laria eradication and mosquito control The intensified program was conductEd ended in September. It was instituted on a broad scale and many phases were after an upsurge of malaria in June 1957 not generally known. Some highlights of which occurred, coincidentally, with a the program are: scourge of mosquitoes in residential areas, Development of a "Master plan report particularly on the Atlantic side. for eradication of malaria and control of
During the three-month period of mosquitoes in the Canal Zone;" employJuly through September of this year ment of additional personnel, including
there were only eight malaria cases an entomologist, an additional sanitation
'J reported in the Zone, less than the inspector, and some 85 temporary labornumber in any one month of the com- ers in various categories; reestablishment
parable quarter of the preceding year. of 10 mosquito survey stations; restoraThe effectiveness of the Health Bu- tion or cleaning of 234 miles of mosquito reau's campaign has also shown up at control drains, most of which were in the the various survey stations where mos- swampy areas on the Atlantic side; requitoes are trapped and identified. At spraying of all rural dwellings and other the Atlantic-side survey station, no selected buildings with a residual insectimalaria-carrying mosquitoes were tak- cide, dieldrin; continuance of blood suren during July and August and only veys for parasite carriers among rural
one in September. dwellers and groups of employees; free
The full effects of this intensified pro- hospitalization of all malaria cases as a gram have now begun to appear in sta- public health measure; free distribution tistical form. The Health Bureau's record of anti-malaria drugs; improvement of for the number of malaria cases in the drainage in the practically closed East Above: This ditch is choked with weeds. four months just after the rate showed Diversion on the Atlantic side by the Below: This ditch has been cleaned out. such a rapid rise and those for compara- Dredging Division's specially constructed tive months this year are: suction dredge Mandinga; topographic
Surveys by the Engineering Division for
A957 1958 drainage improvement; bimonthly aerial
Total* C. Z. Total* C. Z. spraying through assistance of the U. S. June ---------47 23 36 12 Army; and acquisition of much additional
July-- -29 9 22 2 equipment and supplies of newest apAugust ------ 60 19 10 2 proved insecticides.
September 54 16 21 4 Among the equipment placed in service
were six aluminum boats for river and
Total ---- 190 67 89 20 lake survey work; three outboardmotors;
* All employees and families living within and out- power dusters and power sprayers; spray side the Canal Zone. pumps; and laboratory microscopes.
The sudden upturn in the malaria rate The fundamentals of the malaria in June of last year occurred after the eradication and mosquito-control prolowest malaria rate in the 50-year history gram conducted by the Health Bureau of the Canal Zone, and only a short time during the past year are no different after no malaria cases were reported for from those employed back in 1906 a full month for the first and only time When President Roosevelt visited the since the construction of the Canal was Canal Zone. begun in 1904. The flare-up very effec- Some of the fundamentals and prostively demonstrated the need for constant pects for the future were outlined by the and intensive efforts to keep malaria Health Bureau in its summary of results
6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958
K




Newly Renovated Fern Room
at Tivoli Ready This Week
Extenave~enovation of the Fern Room into a unobstructed gathering place. The of the Tivoli Guest House now in prog- new floor plan calls for new and betterress is expected to be completed in time located service bar and pantry. New to have a comfortable and attractive hall entrances are planned both from the outready for several parties during the Roos- side and from the main dining room. evelt Centennial celebration. A central air-conditioning plant is being
The Fern Room has been a popular installed sufficiently large enough to exmeeting place for Zonians since it was tend the duct system into the coffee shop opened about 10 years ago. However, later. The air-conditioning system is simits floor space arrangement and wall loca- ilar to that being installed at the Admintions added little to its comfort and util- istration Building. ization for large parties and banquets. The air-conditioning ducts will be conWhen present alterations are com- sealed in a new suspended ceiling of acousLarva hunter examines anopheline pleted, there will be little to remind tical tiles. The ceiling will have direct and
larvae from water-filled hoofprints, visiting Roosevelt Medal holders or, indirect lighting of a decorative design to for that matter, local residents of how complement the other interior decorations. that wing of the Tivoli looked previ- The decorative features of the Fern
in the intensive program of the past year. ously. It will be air conditioned and Room will include planters around the The statement follows: both its outward and inward appear- three glassed walls filled with both ex"Malaria eradication is not a simple ance will be altered, but much of the otic and tropical plantings. New drapes short-term nor strictly localized program. original character will be retained, will be hung on traverse rods on the Its realization must, of necessity, be on The remodeling of the Fern Room is window walls to reduce glare and proa sustained and wide geographic basis. one phase of an overall plan to revitalize vide privacy. New furniture is to be In view of the all-out malaria eradication the old hostelry which was first opened installed but will not be ready in time campaign being waged by international to accommodate President Theodore for the Roosevelt Centennial parties. and local health authorities in the West- Roosevelt and his party just 52 years The removal of one wooden partition ern Hemisphere, there is every reason to ago. The renovation work is planned and part of another requires the replacebelieve that malaria eradication will be over a period of the next few years with ment of some structural members. These achieved in the Canal Zone along with attention being given first to the public wooden members, some badly termiteother Central American areas. rooms and areas. Scheduled for extensive riddled, will be replaced by structural steel.
"Climate and topographic conditions changes are the Coffee Shop, the lobby, The Fern Room renovation is being in the Canal Zone are ideal for year- and dining room areas. done partly under contract and partly by
around propagation of many species of The Fern Room is to be glass enclosed Canal forces. The design and decorative
mosquitoes. The localized control of on three sides with floor-to-ceiling win- features were done by the Architectural these mosquitoes to tolerable levels is dows. The wooden partitions which cut Branch under Gerald A. Doyle, Jr. The considered essential for efficiency, morale, the floor space up into three rooms and installation of the structural steel, air and the well being of residents and this a porch will be removed and replaced by conditioning, and suspended ceiling is is the objective of the Health Bureau. decorative panels and plaster walls. being done under contract, and Mainte"Insecticides and machines are em- By a reallocation of the floor space, the nance Division crews are performing all
ployed to the extent practicable. How- two larger rooms and porch will be made other work. ever, sole reliance on insecticides for mosquito control has met with disappointing
results because of developing resistance
by many species of mosquitoes and other
insects of medical importance.
"There is an increasing return to the
practice of basic environmental sanitation
in preventing breeding through drainage
of breeding areas and other sanitation
measures. Mosquito control measures reinstituted or intensified during the past
year have not eliminated mosquitoes, but
they have resulted in a marked decrease
among the adult populations of the various species as indicated by our catches at
the various survey stations."
A discarded shell case and a glass jar
make a simple trap to recover insects.
Julie Ann, two-and-a-half-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Williarq LeBrun of Balboa- has better sense than folks many years her senior. When she tirec8 of looking at te Balboa Toyland display, she just curled up in this box andell aleep.




T~ROMOTIONS- AND, TRANSFERS- I NI1!ER SAI!S 11..,
September 15 through October 15 41 YEARS
Two employees, each with the considerEmployees who were promoted or trans- cal Foreman III to Chief Foreman, Locks able total of 41 years of government service, ferred between September 15 and October Operations, Locks Division. top this month's list of anniversaries. Co15 are listed below. Within-grade promo- Evert H. Oliman, from Signalman to Sup- incidentally, both have names beginning tions are not reported. ervisory Signalman, Navigation Division. with "B."
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE Joseph G. Brown, Office Services AsJesse R. Gentle, from Doorman Super- BUREAU sistant in the Office of the-Panama Canal
visor, Sales and Service Branch, to Police James L. Snyder, from Commissary Sup- Company's Secretary, in Washington, has Private, Police Division. ervisor to Assistant Supply Officer (Dry never worked for any other employer but
John S. Pettingill, from Supervisor to Goods), Sales and Service Branch.
Coordinator of Educational Studies and Lew W. McIlvaine, from Assistant SupCurriculum, Division of Schools. ply Officer to Supply Officer (Housewares),
Ross E. Anderson, from Elementary and Sales and Service Branch.
Secondary School Teacher to Supervisor, Elwood G. Bissett, Assistant Supply OffiDivision of Schools. cer from Drygoods to Housewares, Sales
Richard A. Johnson, from Guard, Locks and Service Branch.
Security Branch, to Distribution Clerk, Fisher M. Oltenburg, from Motion PicPostal Division. ture Projection Equipment Mechanic, MoRoger W. Collinge, from Assistant Sup- tion Picture Unit, to Maintenance Man erintendent of Schools to Assistant Super- Foreman, Office of General Manager, Supintendent and Director Elementary Educa- ply Division.
tion, Division of Schools. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Mrs. Ruth D. Batcheldor, from Substitute BUREAU
Teacher to Elementary and Secondary Alphonse J. Roy, from Second Mate,
School Teacher, Division of Schools. Taboga, Dredging Division, to Guard, TerEugene Breakfield, from Window Clerk minals Division.
to Clerk-in-Charge, Window Service, Postal Henry C. Appel, from Liquid Fuels GauDivision. ger to Cribtender Foreman, Terminals DiOFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER vision.
Richard J. Gayer, from Time, Leave, and OTHER PROMOTIONS
Payroll Clerk to Supervisory Accounting Promotions which did not involve change
Assistant, Payroll Branch. in title follow:
Malcolm A. Johnson, Jr., from Time, Wilfred R. Wadrip, Eminent T. Harper,
Leave, and Payroll Supervisor to Payroll Erling B. Verner, Commissary Supervisor, Systems Officer, Payroll Branch. Sales and Service Branch.
Joseph J. Saitta, Auditor from New York Andrew C. Nagy, Time, Leave, and PayOperations to General Audit Division. roll Supervisor, Payroll Branch.
Benjamin S. Chisholm, from Plant Ac- William A. Violette, James W. Kitchens,
counting Assistant to Construction Cost Marine Inspection Assistant, Navigation Accountant, Accounting Division. Division.
Mrs. Helen M. Cicero, from Tabulating Mrs. Helen F. Helm, Cargo Clerk, Term- Joe Brown's ioI concerns the Canal;
Equipment Operator to Accounting Clerk, inals Division. his daughter is a nurse in Alaska
Accounting Division. _ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION N
BUREAU the Company or its predecessor-The PanFrederick C. Bitter, from Chief Senior Nama Canal. He has served under six chiefs Engineer, Craneboat Atlas, to Chief Engi- of the Washington office, beginning with
neer, Salvage Towboat, Dredging Division. Maj. Earl I. Brown, and has worked in
Robert M. Turner, from Maintenance FROM CRISTOBAL seven different locations.
Machinist Foreman to Lead Foreman, Ancon --------------------November 1 For 41 years he has been answering the
Water System, Maintenance Division. Cristobal ------------------November 12 questions of those who want to know about
Edward E. Kennerd, from Water Meter Ancon --------------------November 19 the Panama Canal, but, so far, he has never
Mechanic to Maintenance Machinist Fore- Cristobal ------------------November 29 seen the Canal himself.
He was born in Washington and started
man, Maintenance Division. FROM NEW YORK his career in the Washington Office in 1917
Owen W. Smith, from Filtration Plant Cristobal ------------------November 4 as a messenger boy at $40 a month. SucOperator III to Water Meter Mechanic, Ancon -------------------- November 11 cessive promotions have taken him through
Maintenance Division. rsbaNoe er2
William C. Merchant, from Pumping Crstobal------------------November 21 the ranks of typist, clerk, assistant chief,
Plant Operator II to Filtration Plant Op- Ancon ------------------- November 28 and chief of the Files and Records Section,
PlaOerator Maintoe Fi ion. PlSouthbound ships which leave New York Friday property and records clerk, and Ipersonnel orator III, Maintenance Division. are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
William G. Mummaw, from Lead Fore- from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti. assistant, to his present job.
man Quarters Maintenance to Lead Car- Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after Mr. Brown lives in Hyattsville, Md.,
penter Foreman, Maintenance Division. clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from where he spends his spare time gardening
Cristobai Saturday, and Friday for those which clear and working in his home hobby shop. ,The Howard M. Armistead, from Apprentice Cristobal Wednesday. B row n a daughte ho s Te
to Armature Winder, Electrical Division. Browns have a daughter who is a graduate
Mrs. Margaret E. Orris, from Clerk- Rnurse now living in Fairbanks, Alaska.
Typist to Accounting Clerk (Typing), Con- The other 41-year man is Carl G. Breittract and Inspection Division. yping), enbach, General Foreman in charge of
tr d IsEcTn D n MI Docking and Undocking in the Navigation
HEALTH BUREAU Division.
Mrs. Elizabeth T. Meier, from Staff
Nurse to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Sur- Retirement certificates were presented When he joined the Canal organization
gery), Gorgas Hospital. the end of October to the following employ- in 1947, Mr. Breitenbach, who is a native
Mrs. Martha A. Carey, from Staff Nurse ees who are listed alphabetically, together of Utica, N. Y., had already completed a (Medicine and Surgery), Gorgas Hospital, with their birthplace, positions, length of full 30 years in the U. S. Navy. One of his to Head Nurse (Psychiatry), Corozal Hos- Canal service, and their future addresses: last assignments was as Chief Master at pital. George C. Carlson, Massachusetts; Auto- Arms on the USS Massachusetts. He was
Dr. Charles 1. Glines, from Hospital matic Telephone Communications Equip- aboard when she was commissioned in May
Resident to Medical Officer (Pediatrics), ment Maintainer, Communications Branch; 1942 and remained on her for three and a Gorgas Hospital. 9 months; Punta Gorda, Fla. half years during which time she particiClara A. Zapponi, from Staff Nurse to Mrs. Laura G. Casement, New York; pated in action at Casablanca and in the
Nurse Supervisor, Gorgas Hospital. Accounting Clerk, Accounting Division; 17 Pacific. At the time of his retirement, he
MARINE BUREAU years, 26 days; Plymouth, Pa. was Chief Petty Officer.
Mrs. Alda L. McLeod, from Accounting George H. Egger, Sr., New York; Wood All of his Canal service has been with
Clerk, Terminals Division, to Clerk-Typist, and Steel Carman Inspector, Railroad Di- the Marine Bureau which he joined in 1947 Clerkt, vision; 27 years, 6 months, 19 days; New as an engineering aid. In his present posiNavigation Division. viin 7yas ots 9dy;Nw tion, he is on-the-job representative for the
Mrs. Genevieve K. Field, from Clerk- York.
Typist to Time and Leave Clerk, Naviga- John C. Harrison, Pennsylvania; Chief Port Captain working out of the Harbortion Division. Senior Towboat Engineer, Dredging Divis- master's Office in Cristobal.
Richard H. Crowell, from Wireman to ion; 23 years, 6 months, 2 days; San Fran- 35 YEARS
Wireman Foreman I, Locks Division. cisco, Calif. If you have just arrived in the Canal
Waldemar R. Zirkman, from Wireman Arthur E. Schneider, New York, Chief Zone after being recruited in the United
Foreman -I to Control House Operator, Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division; States; are returning to your home following
Locks Division. 15 years, 8 months, 6 days; Fort Myers, Fla. retirement; are taking a business trip; or
Donald P. Hutchison, from Control House Hilda E. Wickens, North Carolina; Cash are going on' vacation, your travel papers Operator to Lockmaster, Locks Division. Accounting Clerk (Teller), Sales and Service will sooner or later pass across the desk of Russell C. Meissner, from Lockmaster to Branch; 15 years, 7 months, 3 days; South Robert H. Hicks. Mr. Hicks, a native of General Electrical Foreman III, Locks Di- Norfolk, Va. Phoebus, Va., is Travel Expense Claims
vision.
William F. Young, from General Electri- 8 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7,1958




Panama Canal
Honor Roll
Russell Parsons, who keeps the cargohandling equipment on the Cristobal
docks in tip-top shape, is a modest man.
And, because of his modesty, he came
mighty close to being a forgotten man.
One day recently, he happened to
mention to Robert Kelly, the Personnel
Bureau's Retirement Clerk, that he had
worked here during the construction period
and wondered why he hadn't been included in any of the Canal's Honor Rolls.
Mr. Kelly relayed this information to
THE REVIEW staff, who found that Mr.
Parsons was quite right, and certainly Russell Parsons, of, the, Motor Transportation Division, is a belated, addition qualified as one of the very few men still to the Panama Canal's Honor Roll of men with construction-day service. in service who Went to work here before
the Panama Canal was completed. How his jobs, first as towerman, and later as com- later worked in the commissaries. He
his name was ever omitted from the list missary checker, were terminated when he then started his apprenticeship as a mawhich was drawn up over eight years ago was a few weeks short of the goal. chinist in April 1914, at a salary of 10
is an unsolved mystery. He is, however, a Roosevelt Medal cents an hour.
It had just never occurred to Mr. holder by inheritance, so to speak. He From 1918 to 1921, he was a xnachlnParsons to mention the matter before, still has the one given his father, Frank ist in the Cristobal Shop's and for the he said the other day. E. Parsons,' who came to the Isthmus in following 17 years he was employed in
If he had worked for the Isthmian Canal 1911 and worked many years as a con- Colombia by the Tropical Oil Company. Commission a short time longer, he would ductor on the Panama Railroad. Since his return to the Canal organizahave qualified for the famed Roosevelt Born in Grayline, Mich., he arrived tion -in 1939, he has been employed on
Medal given men and women who were here with his family in 1911 and attended both sides of the Isthmus and at present
employed for two years or more on the con- school at Empire, "on the line." He got is with the Motor Transportation Division struction of the Panama Canal. As it was, his first job as a towerman at Empire and repair shops on the Cristobal docks.
Examiner with the Office of the Comptroller, a chauffeur with the Transportation Divi- Deming, N. M., has continuous service. As His continuous service extends back to sion in 1940. He was transferred in 1951 Supervisory Maintenance Engineer he now October 9, 1923 when he came to work as to his present position as Guard Supervisor heads the Maintenance Division. a clerk in the Accounting Division. with the Dredging Division. His service is Ro W. erkins, Lead Foreman, Marine
The second man on the 35-year anniver- continuous. Bunkering in the Terminals Division, is a
sary list is also with the Office of the Comp- Rufus M. Lovelady, Position Classifier native of Brooklyn, N. Y. His long service troller. He is LeRoy B. Magnuson, Chief with the Personnel Bureau, is from Haley- with the Canal is broken by only 5 months. of the Budget and Rates Division. Mr. yulle, Ala. He joined the Canal organization Semon Theriot, of Kaplan, La., has unMagnuson, whose hometown is Superior, in 1936 as a clr ihtePronel Bu- broken service and it has all been with the
Wis., began his service as a commissary reau and all of his service, which is contin- Locks Division where he has held a number messenger in 1917 and has held a number uous, has been with that Bureau, of jobs including towing locomotive operaof positions since that time. Although his Walter H. Hebert is assigned to the Port tor and diver. He is now serving as a Lock service is not continuous, it has all been Captain's Office at Balboa as Chief Ad Operator. with the Supply and Community Service measurer for the Balboa Port Captain's 20 YEARS
Bureau or the Office of the Comptroller. Office. His service, which is continuous, has A school teacher, who was born on the
Carl R. Newhard, of Jersey Shore, Pa., all been with the Marine Division. He is Isthmus, is among the employees celebratis a man who knows all about telephones a native of Hayes, La. ing 20 years of Canal service this month.
having been in communications work con- Victor L. Sanger, Heavy Equipment Op- Emily E. Butcher, who was born at La tinuously since he came to the Canal in erator with the Maintenance Division, is a Boca, has continuous service with the Di1923 as a helper in what was then the Oper- native Zonian, having been born in the vision of Schools. She is now Supervisor of ations and Maintenance Division. He is Colon Hospital. Although his service is Music in the Latin American Schools. now Lead Foreman with the Electrical Di- broken, most of it has -been with the Engi- Others whose service is continuous are: vision. neering and Construction Bureau.
All of R. Andres Rios' service, which is Adrian W. Webb, Lockmaster, has held Evlyn W. Brandt, of Pittsfield, Ohio, Supcontinuous, has been with the Health Bu- a number of positions in the Locks Division ervisory Administrative Assistant with the reau. Mr. Rios, who is a native of San during his 30 years of continuous service. MnutilDvso;Jh .Cmblo
Sebastian, Puerto Rico, began his Canal He was a tunnel operator for seven years Mapleton, Nova Scotia, Chief Towboat Enservice as an office helper at the old Ancon and has also been a towing locomotive op- gineer with the Marine Division; Edward Hospital. He is now an Admitting Clerk erator. He is a native of Indianapolis, Ind. J. Fiedich, of Louisville, Ky., Lead Forea ogsHospital. 25 YEARS man, Machinist, with the Marine Bureau;
at Gogas William S. McKee, Fayetteville County,
30 YEARS Seven employees, including one native Va., Foreman, Lock Operator with the
Two school teachers who came to work Zonian, celebrated Silver Anniversaries this Locks Division; G. C. Rodriquez, of New.. for the Canal schools on the same day in month: York, Guard with the Locks Division;
1928 are among those reaching the 30-year Malcolm R. Wheeler, who was born in Ervin A. Rolli, of Roxbury, Wis., Guard mark this month. Ancon, began his service as a labored in the Supervisor with the Marine Bureau; HiarRuth Crozier, of Rice's Crossing, Tex., old Operation and Maintenance Division. mon Smith, of Jessup, Pa., Wireman with began her career in the Canal Zone schools He is now an auditor with the General the Electrical Division; and Elmer E. as sixth grade teacher at the Cristobal Ele- Audit Branch. Stern, Hillsdale, Md., Lead Foreman Carmentary School where she remained until Preston G. Gau, of Boston, Mass. is a penter, Dredging Division. 1953. From 1953 to 1955, she served as Tabulating Equipment Operation Super- Other 20-year employees are: Fred R.
Principal of Gatun and Cristobal Elemen- visor in the Accounting Division. Although Mdltn rsoaGnrlIsetr tary Schools, joining the faculty of South his service is not continuous, most of it has Contraband Constol, Customs Iisiecon; Margarita Elementary School in 1955 where been with the Accounting Division. CotandRbyn E. trol, Herustaff Nurisen she is again teaching the sixth grade. Thelma R. Godwin, whose hometown is Co uyE adl erV.,SafNre
Dorothy Kern has spent the past 30 years Tulsa, Okla., had continuous service as a Cco Solo Hospital.
teaching the third and fourth grades. She first grade teacher in the Cristobal school 15 YEARS
served on the faculty of the Cristobal, Mar- until February of this year. At this time, Last month was fifteenth anniversary garita, and Ancon elementary schools and she went on detached service to San Fran- month for six Company-Government emthis school term is teaching the third grade cisco State College for special study to pre- ployees. Of the six,, four are with the at the Ancon School. She is a native of pare for her present position teaching hand- Marine Bureau. Mankato, Minn. icapped children in the Special Education They are: Joseph A. Bialkowski, Marine
Edmund T. Blealey is a native Zonian Program of the Balboa Elementary School. Inspection Assistant; John J. Hewitt, Adwho began his Canal service as a seaman Joseph P. Hawthorne was born in Wash- measurer; Robert E. Walker, Towboat with the Dredging Division and has con- ington Parish in Louisiana. Although his Master; and Karl T. Nearing, Probationary tinuous service with that Division. His service is not continuous, much of it has Pilot. present job is Pipeline Dredge Leverman. been with the Locks Division. He is now Others celebrating 15 years of service are:
Lewis R. Cox, whose hometown is At- employed as a Lock Operator. Lucile Abernathy, Commissary Supervisor,
wood, Pa., came to work for the Canal as Frank H. Lerchen, who is a native of Sales and Service Branch; and Albert T.
H ermanny, District Detective, Police DiNovember7, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9 vision.




44
The Liberian oreship Epic, sister ship of the Cosmic, displaces 61,245 tons. She made her maiden transit last month.
CANAL TRANSITS -COMMERCIAL AND U. S. GOVERNMENT First QatrShipping
First Quarter, Fiscal Years___Qu re
1959 1958 1938 Fails to Equal Record
Atlantic Pacific
to to Total Total TotalDuigY a
Commercial Vessels:Th nubroCaltasite
Ocean-going -------------------- 1,138 1,123 2,261 2,371 1,406 Th nubroCaltasite
Small*------------------------- 110 104 214 238 211 amount of cargo carried, and the tolls
______ __- -- collected during the first quarter of the
Total commercial ------------ 1,248 1,227 2,475 2,609 1,617 current fiscal year all fell short of the
U. S. Government vessels:** ____ ____- record transits, tolls, and cargo figures of
Oceangoing--------------------- 31 16 47 82---------- the comparable period for the preceding
Small* ------------------------- 25 33 58 69---------- fiscal year. The continued heavy volume
_____ -___ ---- __-- of traffic through the Panama Canal is
Totl Gvenmet---------56 49 105 151 -------- -iethwvrfo oprsno
Total commercial and U. S. evident however from_ a comparison
TtGovernment------------ 1,304 ,7 ,801 2,760 thsqare'-igrswihtoe-o h
Govenmet........... 1276 2,5first quarter of fiscal year 1958 and for
*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons. fiscal year 1954, five years ago:
"*Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated ships transited free. 1959 1958 1954
_________________________________________________________ Transits 2,261 2,371 1,890
Tolls $10,702,000 $10,771,000 $8,186,000
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS Cargo* 11,682,750 12,710,273 9,434,783
Vessels of 300 tons net or over In long tons.
(Fiscal years) Although the cargo movement on the
____________________ _________________ __________________ Atlantic to Pacific traffic has dropped
TrnisTolls sharply since May, 1957, when it totaled
Month Trnis(In thousands of dollars) 2,557,000 tons as compared with 1,617,______ ______- __________ -_____ -000 tons for September of this year, it 1959 1958 1938 1959 1958 1938 has recovered somewhat from the low of
July------------------------- 767 788 457 $3,681 $3,668 $2,030 1,450,000 tons set in February.
August ---------------- ------777 812 505 3,664 3,599 2,195 The decline in the volume of the southSeptember------------------- 717 771 444 3,357 3,504 1,936 bound traffic through the Canal is attribOctober---------------------- -------- 813 461---------- 3,680 1,981 uted primarily to the sharp reduction in
November-------------------- -------- 779 435---------- 3,522 1,893
December-------------------- -------- 774 439---------- 32 1,845 purchases by Japan. A check of cargo
January -------------- ------ -------- 744 444---------- 3,376 1,838 Manifests for Canal transits shows that
February -------------------- -------- 700 436---------- 3,104 1,787 less coal, less scrap, and less miscellaneous
March----------------------- -------- 810 506---------- 3,628 2,016 shipments are going through the Canal
April------------------------ -------- 734 487 ------3,363 1,961
May --------------- ---------------- 752 465------3,526 1,887 to Japan than for some time in the past.
June --------------------- ---- ------ 710 445----- 3,305 1,801 On the other hand, the cargo moveTotas fr frst mothsments north through the Canal, i.e., from of fiscal year--- ~-------2,261 2,371 1,406 $10,702 $10,771 $6,161 Pacific to Atlantic, are continuing to set
Totals for fiscal year --- 2,261 98 5,54 t7 79S-$23,170 10 Novem~ber.7, 1958




records. Trade movement in this direc- Canal Commercial Traffic by Nationality of Vessels
tion has been rising steadily since 1953,
and another sharp rise has been recorded First Quarter, Fiscal Years
for the past quarter. 1959 1958 1938
The increase in the first three months Nationality Num- Num- Numof the current fiscal year is due for the ber of Tons ber of Tons ber ?f Tons
most part to the intercoastal movement transits of cargo transits of cargo transits of cargo
of petroleum, principally such residual - - - - - - - -
oils as diesel oil, bunker oil, etc. between Belgian ---------- 4 2,180 4 13,222 -------- -----------Brazilian --------- 1 ------------ -------- ------------ -------- -----------the United States West Coast and ports British ----------- 268 1,563,127 307 1,852,111 292 1,667,795
on the Eastern seaboard. This trade, Canadian -------- 2 ------------ -------- ------------ -------- -----------incidentally, has contributed to the drop Chilean ---------- 20 100,732 19 96,093 2 10,096
in cargo movements in the opposite di- C*iinese ---------- 18 109,604 14 118,516 2 13,113
Colombian ------- 66 93,770 50 81,370 -------- -----------rection, since the tankers transit from Costa Rican ------ 4 30,341 5 32,260 -------- -----------Pacific to Atlantic loaded and return in Danish ---------- 85 258,711 92 304,427 55 254,567
ballast. A similar flow of oil products Dominican Rep. 3 ------------ -------- ------------ -------- -----------occurred in 1956. Ecuadorian ------- 9 6,323 13 18,501 -------- ---------- -Estonian --------- -------- ------------ -------- ------------ 2 4,695
Of interest to shippers are figures On Finnish ---------- 7 29,767 7 27,772 -------- -----------the changes in several of the major French ---------- 34 144,428 24 127,565 28 146,788
trade routes through the Canal. Trade German ---------- 220 595,809 209 650,590 91 450,641
between Europe and the West Coast of Greek ----------- 20 184,515 33 282,955 31 181,941
Honduran -------- 30 11,832 77 96,638 9 2,926
South America continues to increase. Hungarian ------- -------- ------------ -------- ------------ 2 11,176
Intercoastal trade is up, because of the Irish ------------ 1 10,323 -------- ------------ -------- -----------shipments reported above. Trade be- Israeli ----------- 2 17,098 -------- ------------ -------------------tween the East Coast of the United Italian ----------- 51 260,948 51 309,779 13 39,933
Japanese --------- 184 1,259,631 154 996,051 75 522,490
States and the Far East is down sharply Liberian --------- 212 1,735,802 258 2,106,440 -------- -----------because of Japan's curtailed buying. Mexican --------- I ------------ -------- ------------ -------- -----------Despite the reduction in the number Netherlands ------ 76 321,298 47 222,583 60 217,168
Nicaraguan ------ 20 39,899 21 34,308 -------- -----------of transits for the first quarter of the Norwegian ------- 237 1,054,504 249 1,200,024 155 855,770
current fiscal year, and the decrease in Panamanian ------ 95 470,786 136 695,430 54 155,169
the amount of cargo tonnage, tolls have Peruvian --------- 17 61,129 11 57,653 -------- -----------not dropped proportionately. Philippine -------- 7 42,373 5 30,722 -------- -----------Spanish ---------- 10 44,717 14 63,600 2 15,280
Statistics prepared by the Panama Swedish ---------- 58 189,215 45 181,014 31 206,645
Canal Company's Executive Planning Swiss ------------ 2 18,487 -------- ------------ -------- -----------Staff show that ships axe increasing i United States ----- 496 3,021,926 526 3,110,649 495 2,860,814
Uruguayan ------- 1 3,475 -------- ------------ -------- -----------size but, at the same time, carrying less Venezuelan ------- -------- ------------ -------- ------------ 2 1,953
cargo. During the twelve-month period Yugoslavian ------ -------- ------------ -------- ------------ 5 23,151
from November 1957, through September - 1,406 7,642,111
1958, the average ship transiting the Total ------ 1 2,261 11,682,750 2,371 12,710,273
Canal was measured at 5,269 Panama
Canal net tons. This compares to 5,133
net tons for the 12 months just preceding.
On the other hand, the average cargo load
was 5,189 tons for the November 1957- Principal commodities shipped through the Canal
September 1958 period, compared with (All figures in long tons)
5,723 tons for the 12 months before that. PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC
There was no significant change dur- First Quarter, Fiscal Years
ing the first quarter of the present Commodity
fiscal year in the nationality of ships 1959 1958 1938
using the Panama Canal. The United Ores, various ------------------------------ 1,613,345 1,982,090 541,685
States continued to hold first place in Lumber ----------------------------------- 720,111 799,406 877,574
the number of transits, followed by Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) ---- 683,367 79,650 978,129
Great Britain, Norway, Germany, and Sugar ------------------------------------- 351,490 310,650 439,129
Canned food products ----------------------- 317,113 369,597 306,650
Liberia. During the first quarter of the Barley ------------------------------------ 284,732 87,817 55,146
preceding fiscal year the order was: Bananas--, ------------------------------- 273,303 265,178 10,432
United States, Great Britain, Liberia, Metals, various ---------------------------- 219,747 219,464 173,726
Norway, and Germany. Nitrate of soda ----------------------------- 186,106 240,493 222,756
Wheat ------------------------------------ 184,226 501,776 40,873
Food products in refrigeration (except fresh
fruit) --------------------------------- 159,594 124,415 45,205
Coffee ------------------------------------ 92,636 78,919 37,173
Revised Edition of Canal Cotton, raw ------------------------------- 76,194 48,857 37,071
Rice -------------------------------------- 67,375 31,833 23,675
Information Booklet Ready Phosphate ------------------------- 7 ------- 60,175 34,650 14,258
All others --------------------------------- 1,005,777 981,912 1 849,620
A revised edition of the Panama Canal Total ----------------------------- -6,295,291-1 6,156,707 4,653,102
Company's general information pamphlet
will be ready for general issue this month.
Copies were placed on sale this week in ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC
the Balboa and Margarita Service Cen- First Quarter, Fiscal Years
ters and at the Tivoli Guest House. Commodity 1959 1958 1938
The pamphlet, "The Panama CanalFunnel For World Commerce"-is Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) ---- 1,533,041 1,749,282 178,635
printed in color for the first time. It Coal and coke ----------------------------- 797,547 1,166,769 47,077
Iron and steel manufactures ----------------- 406,500 646,923 646,493
contains a wealth of general information Phosphate --------------------------------- 323,428 305,830 111,416
about the Canal, its history, and its op- Soybeans ---------------------------------- 250,436 171,585 900
erations. It is profusely illustrated with Sugar ------------------------------------- 238,491 117,077 3,207
pictures and charts. Corn -------------------------------------- 116,101 42,157 33,360
f Chemicals, unclassified ---------------------- 115,871 108,937 27,985
A feature of the pamphlet is a map o Wheat ------------------------------------ 100,504 87,421 343
the Canal Zone, in three colors, printed Paper and paper products ------------------- 90,444 96,233 132,018
on the back cover. Ores, various ------------------------------ 87,282 143,788 42,072
Individual copies are 15 cents each. Sulfur ----- 7 ------------------------------- 86,312 69,940 83,729
Cotton ------------------------------------ 71,847 82,933 23,877
Lots of 10 or more, for distribution by Machinery -------------------------------- 65,817 95,023 46,081
steamship and travel offices may be ob- Rice -------------------------------------- 62,577 2,735 1,135
tained for 10 cents each. All others --------------------------------- 1,041,261 1,666,932 1,610,681
November 7, 1958 11 Total ----------------------------- 1 459 6,553,565 2,989,009




Local Tourist Season Fenders Removed
Gets Off To Earliest
Start In Many Years
With the arrival in Cristobal today of I
the big cruise liner, Caronia, the local
tourist season gets off to one of the earliest
starts and possibly the busiest seasons
in years. As this issue of THE REvIEW
went to press, the Navigation Division
had requests for 34 trips of the ferryboat
Presidente Porras carrying tour parties
through the Cut.
In addition to the early start of the
tourist season, another unusual feature
of this year's cruise schedule is the fact
that the November visitors are four of the
largest tour ships which, normally, do not
start their Caribbean or around-the-world
schedules until much later in the season.
The 34 reservations represent 16 cruise
ships, inasmuch as several of the big
liners will make more than one call here The LeTourneau towing locomotives made possible by the research program.
before the end of March. have a shorn look without their big, Personnel from R. G. LeTourneau, Inc.
Most frequent of this year's visitors- rubber-tired fenders, which have been manufacturers, were here to make the with five calls scheduled-will be the removed for a new series of operating necessary alterations for the present tests. Arosa Sun, due on December 24, January tests at Gatun Locks. One locomotive is They are also assisting personnel of the 10, January 24, February 9, and March 1. used on the center wall and one on side Marine and the Engineering and ConThe Nieuw Amsterdam will make four wall. Tests earlier this year and the pres- struction Bureaus in trying out the new
calls: November 8, December 29, Feb- ent series have been of major value and towing devices on Canal floating equipruary 11, and March 17. The Evangeline lock operations will reflect economies meant and ships up to 315 feet in length. and the big Empress of England will make
three calls each, and the Gripsholm, Homeric, Mauretania, and Ocean Monarch are Nieuw Amsterdam, March 17; and Em- Former
scheduled for two calls apiece. press of England, March 21. Two Zone Ofcials
Cruise parties on the January trips of In addition to these ships, the Han- ding Bu Lives IT U
the Gripsholm, January 14, and the Em- seatic, the former Empress of Scotland, is Lea sy i n U. .
press of England, January 22, are to be due in Cristobal the morning of February Two former Lieutenant Governors, so large that the ferry will make two trips 2, on a West Indies cruise. She sails from Col. Herman W. Schull and Col. Hugh through the Cut for each ship, one in the Cristobal late the same night. M. Arnold, have extended the busy lives
morning and another in the afternoon. they led on the Isthmus to their new
In addition to her call at Cristobal TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING homes in the United States, according to
November 24, the Kungsholm is sched- VESSELS IN SEPTEMBER letters received by friends in the Zone.
uled to transit the Canal January 15 for Colonel and Mrs. Schull have moved
a cruise which will take her to the South 1957 1958 from Coral Gables to Jupiter, Fla., and
Seas and Pacific ports. She will return Commercial ------------ 771 717 presently are building a home there.
to Balboa April 13 for northbound transit. U. S. Government -------- 18 19 And Colonel Schull, recently appointed
On the outward voyage, the Kungsholm will General Manager of the Florida Inland
berth in Balboa and on the homeward Total ---------- 789 736 Navigation District, has a long canal to
bound trip she will dock in Cristobal; look after-the Intracoastal Waterway
each stop will be for several hours. TOLLS* from Miami to Jacksonville. Their mailThe list of cruise ships which will dock Commercial ---- $3,508,949 $3,360,346 ing address is Box 686, Jupiter, Fla.
in Cristobal and use the ferry boat Presi- U. S. Government 69,019 102,902 Colonel Arnold-now Commander of dente Porras for a partial transit of the the 20th Engineer Brigade-and his fainCanal for their passengers follows: Total __$3,577,968 $3,463,248 ily live at Fort Bragg, N. C. Both he
NOVM ER: Caronia, Nov. 7; Nieuw CARGO (long tons) and Mrs. Arnold have already become
engrossed in a variety of community and
Amsterdam, Nov. 8; Stockholm, Nov. 17; Commercial ----- 3,936,498 3,496,070 civic activities. Among many other and Kungsholm, Nov. 24. The Stockholm U. S. Government 36,360 117,425 things listed in a recent letter he is Presis carrying a group of doctors and their ident of the Ft. Bragg School Board,
wives; she is scheduled for a call at the San Total___ 3,972,858 3,613,495 and she is busy in both Gray Lady and Blas Islands before reaching Cristobal.
DECEMBER: Arosa Sun, Dec. 24; Evan- *Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small Nurses' Aid work. geline, also Dec. 24; Gripsholm, Dec. 29;
Nieuw Amsterdam, also Dec. 29; Olym- TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES
pia, Dec. 30. The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300
JANUARY: Arosa Sun, Jan. 10; Homeric, net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
Jan. 13; Gripsholm, Jan. 14; Oslofjord, First Quarter, Fiscal Years
Jan. 21; Empress of England, Jan. 22;
Arosa Sun, Jan. 24; Mauretania, Jan. 27; 1959 1958 1938
Maasdam, Jan. 30, and the Ocean Men- United States Intercoastal -------------------------- 153 148 349
arch, Jan. 31. East Coast of U. S. and South America -------------- 485 564 97
FEBRUARY: Evangeline, Feb. 4; Arosa East Coast of U. S. and Central America ------------- 103 125 19
East Coast of U. S. and Far East ------------------- 350 415 217
Sun, Feb. 9; Empress of England, Feb. 10; U. S./Canada East Coast and Australasia ------------- 48 46 49
M'ieaw Amsterdam, Feb. 11; Mauretania, Europe and West Coast of U. S./Canada ------------ 206 211 194
Feb. 18; Homeric, Feb. 19; Ocean Mon- Europe and South America ------------------------ 278 238 137
arcFe, eb. 21; and Berlin, Feb. 23. Europe and Australasia ---------------------------- 88 92 44
ar.,All other routes -------------------------------------550 532 300
MATCW: Arosa Sun, March 1; Evange- l r... 532 _300
line, alsD March 1; Stella Polaris, March Total Traffic ------------------------------- 2,261 2,371 1,406
3; Empress of Scotland, also March 3; 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958




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Theodore Roosevelt EDWARD A. BACON GEORGE H. RODERICK centennial celebration to be climaxed by presentation of bust For the first time in the 56 years the which will climax the week's program Canal Zone has been a geographic and will be the awarding of miniature Roospolitical entity, there is to be some tangievelt busts to English and Spanish lanble monument to the man perhaps most guage students of the Canal Zone for responsible for its being and, certainly, the best essays or the subject "Theodore the individual most closely connected Roosevelt-American." with its early history. Others among the distinguished guests At 10 o'clock on Saturday morning, will be Mr. and Mrs. Maurice H. ThatNovember 15, a heroic bronze bust of cher. Mr. Thatcher is the sole living Theodore Roosevelt, fashioned by the member of the Isthmian Canal Commisnoted sculpter, G. W. Derujinsky, will sion, among whom none took a more be unveiled in the rotunda of the Adactive interest in Canal affairs than he ministration Building at Balboa after his work here was completed. Mr. Heights. The bust will face the PaThatcher will be the principal speaker at MAURICE H. THATCHER cific entrance to the Panama Canal a special meeting of the Isthmian Hiswhich itself is the greatest monument torical Society at the Balboa Theater to his dynamic leadership. next Thursday night at which a historSignificantly, the statue will be unical pageant, produced by Victor Herr veiled and dedicated in the presence of and Donald Musselman, will be presented. a relatively large group of men and woThe committee in charge of the Canal men who represent the working force that Zone observance of the Theodore Roosemade the Canal a reality. These are the velt Centennial Year has worked closely holders of the Roosevelt Medals which are with and has had the full cooperation of symbols of the great American President's the Theodore Roosevelt Centennial Coinpersonal recognition of their participation mission. Arriving here next week to take in the enterprise which was watched with part in the Zone observance will be Herworld-wide interest a half century ago. mann Hagedorn, Director and Secretary of the Commission. Mr. Hagedorn will Secondary only to the dedication of the deliver an address at a special session of bust at the Saturday morning program the Canal Zone Post of the Society of will be the presentation of a plaque to American Military Engineers which is to the Panama Canal as one of the Seven be held Monday night in the Tivoli BallCivil Engineering Wonders of the United room. Honor guest at this meeting will States. The plaque is a gift of the Amerbe Mr. Friel. ican Society of Civil Engineers; it will be Among the top events of the week's presented by Francis S. Friel, the Soprogram will be the welcoming ceremony ciety's President. at shipside Monday afternoon for a group HERMANN HAGEDORN The list of honor guests and speakers at of Roosevelt Medal holders from the theo dedicatiln cerdmon ander othem event --the dedication ceremony and other events United States, and a partial trip through of the week is a distinguished roster, forethe Canal Wednesday for all Roosevelt : the Caa Wednsda forn whom willbseembeslo e"' most among whom will be members of Medal holders and visiting guests. President Roosevelt's immediate family. Among the significant public ceremoTwo men closely connected with the nies planned is the planting of a tree Canal organization will be active parMonday afternoon in the public park in ticipants in this program. The princifront of Balboa Police Station. The tree pal address will be given by Assistant will be a living memorial to Theodore Secretary of the Army George H. RodRoosevelt who was a pioneer in the conerick who is Chairman of the Panama servation of America's natural resources. Canal Company's Board of Directors. Judge John E. Deming, Balboa MagisThe Roosevelt bust is a personal gift rate, will officiate at this ceremony. of Edward A. Bacon, Deputy Assistant The committee in charge of the CenSecretary of the Army. Secretary Bacon, tennial Observance has expressed apprean ardent admirer of Roosevelt, will be ciation for the whole-hearted cooperation here as the donor of the bust and will from organizations and individuals. Numparticipate in the activities of the Cenerous organizations will actively particitennial Week. pate by public ceremonies and dedicatory The closing event of this ceremony programs. FRANCIS S. FRIEL 2 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958



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Panama Canal Honor Roll Russell Parsons, who keeps the cargohandling equipment on the Cristobal docks in tip-top shape, is a modest man. And, because of his modesty, he came mighty close to being a forgotten man. One day recently, he happened to mention to Robert Kelly, the Personnel Bureau's Retirement Clerk, that he had worked here during the construction period and wondered why he hadn't been included in any of the Canal's Honor Rolls. Mr. Kelly relayed this information to THE REVIEW staff, who found that Mr. Parsons was quite right, and certainly Russell Parsons, of, the, Motor Transportation Division, is a belated, addition qualified as one of the very few men still to the Panama Canal's Honor Roll of men with construction-day service. in service who Went to work here before the Panama Canal was completed. How his jobs, first as towerman, and later as comlater worked in the commissaries. He his name was ever omitted from the list missary checker, were terminated when he then started his apprenticeship as a mawhich was drawn up over eight years ago was a few weeks short of the goal. chinist in April 1914, at a salary of 10 is an unsolved mystery. He is, however, a Roosevelt Medal cents an hour. It had just never occurred to Mr. holder by inheritance, so to speak. He From 1918 to 1921, he was a xnachlnParsons to mention the matter before, still has the one given his father, Frank ist in the Cristobal Shop's and for the he said the other day. E. Parsons,' who came to the Isthmus in following 17 years he was employed in If he had worked for the Isthmian Canal 1911 and worked many years as a conColombia by the Tropical Oil Company. Commission a short time longer, he would ductor on the Panama Railroad. Since his return to the Canal organizahave qualified for the famed Roosevelt Born in Grayline, Mich., he arrived tion -in -1939, he has been employed on Medal given men and women who were here with his family in 1911 and attended both sides of the Isthmus and at present employed for two years or more on the conschool at Empire, "on the line." He got is with the Motor Transportation Division struction of the Panama Canal. As it was, his first job as a towerman at Empire and repair shops on the Cristobal docks. Examiner with the Office of the Comptroller, a chauffeur with the Transportation DiviDeming, N. M., has continuous service. As His continuous service extends back to sion in 1940. He was transferred in 1951 Supervisory Maintenance Engineer he now October 9, 1923 when he came to work as to his present position as Guard Supervisor heads the Maintenance Division. a clerk in the Accounting Division. with the Dredging Division. His service is Ro W. erkins, Lead Foreman, Marine The second man on the 35-year annivercontinuous. Bunkering in the Terminals Division, is a sary list is also with the Office of the CompRufus M. Lovelady, Position Classifier native of Brooklyn, N. Y. His long service troller. He is LeRoy B. Magnuson, Chief with the Personnel Bureau, is from Haleywith the Canal is broken by only 5 months. of the Budget and Rates Division. Mr. yulle, Ala. He joined the Canal organization Semon Theriot, of Kaplan, La., has unMagnuson, whose hometown is Superior, in 1936 as a clr ihtePronel Bubroken service and it has all been with the Wis., began his service as a commissary reau and all of his service, which is continLocks Division where he has held a number messenger in 1917 and has held a number uous, has been with that Bureau, of jobs including towing locomotive operaof positions since that time. Although his Walter H. Hebert is assigned to the Port tor and diver. He is now serving as a Lock service is not continuous, it has all been Captain's Office at Balboa as Chief Ad Operator. with the Supply and Community Service measurer for the Balboa Port Captain's 20 YEARS Bureau or the Office of the Comptroller. Office. His service, which is continuous, has A school teacher, who was born on the Carl R. Newhard, of Jersey Shore, Pa., all been with the Marine Division. He is Isthmus, is among the employees celebratis a man who knows all about telephones a native of Hayes, La. ing 20 years of Canal service this month. having been in communications work conVictor L. Sanger, Heavy Equipment OpEmily E. Butcher, who was born at La tinuously since he came to the Canal in erator with the Maintenance Division, is a Boca, has continuous service with the Di1923 as a helper in what was then the Opernative Zonian, having been born in the vision of Schools. She is now Supervisor of ations and Maintenance Division. He is Colon Hospital. Although his service is Music in the Latin American Schools. now Lead Foreman with the Electrical Dibroken, most of it has -been with the EngiOthers whose service is continuous are: vision. neering and Construction Bureau. All of R. Andres Rios' service, which is Adrian W. Webb, Lockmaster, has held Evlyn W. Brandt, of Pittsfield, Ohio, Supcontinuous, has been with the Health Bua number of positions in the Locks Division ervisory Administrative Assistant with the reau. Mr. Rios, who is a native of San during his 30 years of continuous service. MnutilDvso;Jh .Cmblo Sebastian, Puerto Rico, began his Canal He was a tunnel operator for seven years Mapleton, Nova Scotia, Chief Towboat Enservice as an office helper at the old Ancon and has also been a towing locomotive opgineer with the Marine Division; Edward Hospital. He is now an Admitting Clerk erator. He is a native of Indianapolis, Ind. J. Fiedich, of Louisville, Ky., Lead Forea ogsHospital. 25 YEARS man, Machinist, with the Marine Bureau; at Gogas .William S. McKee, Fayetteville County, 30 YEARS Seven employees, including one native Va., Foreman, Lock Operator with the Two school teachers who came to work Zonian, celebrated Silver Anniversaries this Locks Division; G. C. Rodriquez, of New.. for the Canal schools on the same day in month: York, Guard with the Locks Division; 1928 are among those reaching the 30-year Malcolm R. Wheeler, who was born in Ervin A. Rolli, of Roxbury, Wis., Guard mark this month. Ancon, began his service as a labored in the Supervisor with the Marine Bureau; HiarRuth Crozier, of Rice's Crossing, Tex., old Operation and Maintenance Division. mon Smith, of Jessup, Pa., Wireman with began her career in the Canal Zone schools He is now an auditor with the General the Electrical Division; and Elmer E. as sixth grade teacher at the Cristobal EleAudit Branch. Stern, Hillsdale, Md., Lead Foreman Carmentary School where she remained until Preston G. Gau, of Boston, Mass. is a penter, Dredging Division. 1953. From 1953 to 1955, she served as Tabulating Equipment Operation SuperOther 20-year employees are: Fred R. Principal of Gatun and Cristobal Elemenvisor in the Accounting Division. Although Mdltn rsoaGnrlIsetr tary Schools, joining the faculty of South his service is not continuous, most of it has Contraband Constol, Customs Iisiecon; Margarita Elementary School in 1955 where been with the Accounting Division. CotandRbyn E. trol, Herustaff Nurisen she is again teaching the sixth grade. Thelma R. Godwin, whose hometown is Co uyE adl erV.,SafNre Dorothy Kern has spent the past 30 years Tulsa, Okla., had continuous service as a Cco Solo Hospital. teaching the third and fourth grades. She first grade teacher in the Cristobal school 15 YEARS served on the faculty of the Cristobal, Maruntil February of this year. At this time, Last month was fifteenth anniversary garita, and Ancon elementary schools and she went on detached service to San Franmonth for six Company-Government emthis school term is teaching the third grade cisco State College for special study to preployees. Of the six,, four are with the at the Ancon School. She is a native of pare for her present position teaching handMarine Bureau. Mankato, Minn. icapped children in the Special Education They are: Joseph A. Bialkowski, Marine Edmund T. Blealey is a native Zonian Program of the Balboa Elementary School. Inspection Assistant; John J. Hewitt, Adwho began his Canal service as a seaman Joseph P. Hawthorne was born in Washmeasurer; Robert E. Walker, Towboat with the Dredging Division and has conington Parish in Louisiana. Although his Master; and Karl T. Nearing, Probationary tinuous service with that Division. His service is not continuous, much of it has Pilot. present job is Pipeline Dredge Leverman. been with the Locks Division. He is now Others celebrating 15 years of service are: Lewis R. Cox, whose hometown is Atemployed as a Lock Operator. Lucile Abernathy, Commissary Supervisor, wood, Pa., came to work for the Canal as Frank H. Lerchen, who is a native of Sales and Service Branch; and Albert T. H ermanny, District Detective, Police DiNovember7, 1959 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9 vision.



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T~ROMOTIONSAND, TRANSFERSI NI1!ER SAI!S 11.., September 15 through October 15 41 YEARS Two employees, each with the considerEmployees who were promoted or transcal Foreman III to Chief Foreman, Locks able total of 41 years of government service, ferred between September 15 and October Operations, Locks Division. top this month's list of anniversaries. Co15 are listed below. Within-grade promoEvert H. Oliman, from Signalman to Supincidentally, both have names beginning tions are not reported. ervisory Signalman, Navigation Division. with "B." CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE Joseph G. Brown, Office Services AsJesse R. Gentle, from Doorman SuperBUREAU sistant in the Office of the-Panama Canal visor, Sales and Service Branch, to Police James L. Snyder, from Commissary SupCompany's Secretary, in Washington, has Private, Police Division. ervisor to Assistant Supply Officer (Dry never worked for any other employer but John S. Pettingill, from Supervisor to Goods), Sales and Service Branch. Coordinator of Educational Studies and Lew W. McIlvaine, from Assistant SupCurriculum, Division of Schools. ply Officer to Supply Officer (Housewares), Ross E. Anderson, from Elementary and Sales and Service Branch. Secondary School Teacher to Supervisor, Elwood G. Bissett, Assistant Supply OffiDivision of Schools. cer from Drygoods to Housewares, Sales Richard A. Johnson, from Guard, Locks and Service Branch. Security Branch, to Distribution Clerk, Fisher M. Oltenburg, from Motion PicPostal Division. ture Projection Equipment Mechanic, MoRoger W. Collinge, from Assistant Suption Picture Unit, to Maintenance Man erintendent of Schools to Assistant SuperForeman, Office of General Manager, Supintendent and Director Elementary Educaply Division. tion, Division of Schools. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS Mrs. Ruth D. Batcheldor, from Substitute BUREAU Teacher to Elementary and Secondary Alphonse J. Roy, from Second Mate, School Teacher, Division of Schools. Taboga, Dredging Division, to Guard, TerEugene Breakfield, from Window Clerk minals Division. to Clerk-in-Charge, Window Service, Postal Henry C. Appel, from Liquid Fuels GauDivision. ger to Cribtender Foreman, Terminals DiOFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER vision. Richard J. Gayer, from Time, Leave, and OTHER PROMOTIONS Payroll Clerk to Supervisory Accounting Promotions which did not involve change Assistant, Payroll Branch. in title follow: Malcolm A. Johnson, Jr., from Time, Wilfred R. Wadrip, Eminent T. Harper, Leave, and Payroll Supervisor to Payroll Erling B. Verner, Commissary Supervisor, Systems Officer, Payroll Branch. Sales and Service Branch. Joseph J. Saitta, Auditor from New York Andrew C. Nagy, Time, Leave, and PayOperations to General Audit Division. roll Supervisor, Payroll Branch. Benjamin S. Chisholm, from Plant AcWilliam A. Violette, James W. Kitchens, counting Assistant to Construction Cost Marine Inspection Assistant, Navigation Accountant, Accounting Division. Division. Mrs. Helen M. Cicero, from Tabulating Mrs. Helen F. Helm, Cargo Clerk, TermJoe Brown's ioI concerns the Canal; Equipment Operator to Accounting Clerk, inals Division. his daughter is a nurse in Alaska Accounting Division. _ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION N BUREAU the Company or its predecessor-The PanFrederick C. Bitter, from Chief Senior Nama Canal. He has served under six chiefs Engineer, Craneboat Atlas, to Chief Engiof the Washington office, beginning with neer, Salvage Towboat, Dredging Division. Maj. Earl I. Brown, and has worked in Robert M. Turner, from Maintenance FROM CRISTOBAL seven different locations. Machinist Foreman to Lead Foreman, Ancon --------------------November 1 For 41 years he has been answering the Water System, Maintenance Division. Cristobal ------------------November 12 questions of those who want to know about Edward E. Kennerd, from Water Meter Ancon --------------------November 19 the Panama Canal, but, so far, he has never Mechanic to Maintenance Machinist ForeCristobal ------------------November 29 seen the Canal himself. He was born in Washington and started man, Maintenance Division. FROM NEW YORK his career in the Washington Office in 1917 Owen W. Smith, from Filtration Plant Cristobal ------------------November 4 as a messenger boy at $40 a month. SucOperator III to Water Meter Mechanic, Ancon -------------------November 11 cessive promotions have taken him through Maintenance Division. rsbaNoe er2 William C. Merchant, from Pumping Crstobal------------------November 21 the ranks of typist, clerk, assistant chief, Plant Operator II to Filtration Plant OpAncon ------------------November 28 and chief of the Files and Records Section, PlaOerator Maintoe Fi ion. PlSouthbound ships which leave New York Friday property and records clerk, and Ipersonnel orator III, Maintenance Division. are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail William G. Mummaw, from Lead Forefrom New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti. assistant, to his present job. man Quarters Maintenance to Lead CarNorthbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after Mr. Brown lives in Hyattsville, Md., penter Foreman, Maintenance Division. clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from where he spends his spare time gardening Cristobai Saturday, and Friday for those which clear and working in his home hobby shop. ,The Howard M. Armistead, from Apprentice Cristobal Wednesday. B row n a daughte ho s Te to Armature Winder, Electrical Division. Browns have a daughter who is a graduate Mrs. Margaret E. Orris, from ClerkRnurse now living in Fairbanks, Alaska. Typist to Accounting Clerk (Typing), ConThe other 41-year man is Carl G. Breittract and Inspection Division. yping), enbach, General Foreman in charge of tr d IsEcTn D n MI Docking and Undocking in the Navigation HEALTH BUREAU Division. Mrs. Elizabeth T. Meier, from Staff Nurse to Staff Nurse (Medicine and SurRetirement certificates were presented When he joined the Canal organization gery), Gorgas Hospital. the end of October to the following employin 1947, Mr. Breitenbach, who is a native Mrs. Martha A. Carey, from Staff Nurse ees who are listed alphabetically, together of Utica, N. Y., had already completed a (Medicine and Surgery), Gorgas Hospital, with their birthplace, positions, length of full 30 years in the U. S. Navy. One of his to Head Nurse (Psychiatry), Corozal HosCanal service, and their future addresses: last assignments was as Chief Master at pital. George C. Carlson, Massachusetts; AutoArms on the USS Massachusetts. He was Dr. Charles 1. Glines, from Hospital matic Telephone Communications Equipaboard when she was commissioned in May Resident to Medical Officer (Pediatrics), ment Maintainer, Communications Branch; 1942 and remained on her for three and a Gorgas Hospital. 9 months; Punta Gorda, Fla. half years during which time she particiClara A. Zapponi, from Staff Nurse to Mrs. Laura G. Casement, New York; pated in action at Casablanca and in the Nurse Supervisor, Gorgas Hospital. Accounting Clerk, Accounting Division; 17 Pacific. At the time of his retirement, he MARINE BUREAU years, 26 days; Plymouth, Pa. was Chief Petty Officer. Mrs. Alda L. McLeod, from Accounting George H. Egger, Sr., New York; Wood All of his Canal service has been with Clerk, Terminals Division, to Clerk-Typist, and Steel Carman Inspector, Railroad Dithe Marine Bureau which he joined in 1947 Clerkt, vision; 27 years, 6 months, 19 days; New as an engineering aid. In his present posiNavigation Division. viin 7yas ots 9dy;Nw tion, he is on-the-job representative for the Mrs. Genevieve K. Field, from ClerkYork. Typist to Time and Leave Clerk, NavigaJohn C. Harrison, Pennsylvania; Chief Port Captain working out of the Harbortion Division. Senior Towboat Engineer, Dredging Divismaster's Office in Cristobal. Richard H. Crowell, from Wireman to ion; 23 years, 6 months, 2 days; San Fran35 YEARS Wireman Foreman I, Locks Division. cisco, Calif. If you have just arrived in the Canal Waldemar R. Zirkman, from Wireman Arthur E. Schneider, New York, Chief Zone after being recruited in the United Foreman -I to Control House Operator, Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division; States; are returning to your home following Locks Division. 15 years, 8 months, 6 days; Fort Myers, Fla. retirement; are taking a business trip; or Donald P. Hutchison, from Control House Hilda E. Wickens, North Carolina; Cash are going on' vacation, your travel papers Operator to Lockmaster, Locks Division. Accounting Clerk (Teller), Sales and Service will sooner or later pass across the desk of Russell C. Meissner, from Lockmaster to Branch; 15 years, 7 months, 3 days; South Robert H. Hicks. Mr. Hicks, a native of General Electrical Foreman III, Locks DiNorfolk, Va. Phoebus, Va., is Travel Expense Claims vision. William F. Young, from General Electri8 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7,1958



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44 The Liberian oreship Epic, sister ship of the Cosmic, displaces 61,245 tons. She made her maiden transit last month. CANAL TRANSITS -COMMERCIAL AND U. S. GOVERNMENT First QatrShipping First Quarter, Fiscal Years___Qu re 1959 1958 1938 Fails to Equal Record Atlantic Pacific to to Total Total TotalDuigY a Commercial Vessels:Th nubroCaltasite Ocean-going -------------------1,138 1,123 2,261 2,371 1,406 Th nubroCaltasite Small*------------------------110 104 214 238 211 amount of cargo carried, and the tolls ______ __------collected during the first quarter of the Total commercial -----------1,248 1,227 2,475 2,609 1,617 current fiscal year all fell short of the U. S. Government vessels:** --____ ____record transits, tolls, and cargo figures of Oceangoing--------------------31 16 47 82---------the comparable period for the preceding Small* ------------------------25 33 58 69---------fiscal year. The continued heavy volume _____ -___ ---__-of traffic through the Panama Canal is Totl Gvenmet---------56 49 105 151 --------iethwvrfo oprsno Total commercial and U. S. evident however from_ a comparison TtGovernment-----------1,304 -,7 ,801 2,760 thsqare'-igrswihtoe-o h Govenmet........... 1276 2,5first quarter of fiscal year 1958 and for *Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons. fiscal year 1954, five years ago: "*Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated ships transited free. 1959 1958 1954 _________________________________________________________ Transits 2,261 2,371 1,890 Tolls $10,702,000 $10,771,000 $8,186,000 MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS Cargo* 11,682,750 12,710,273 9,434,783 Vessels of 300 tons net or over In long tons. (Fiscal years) Although the cargo movement on the ____________________ _________________ __________________ Atlantic to Pacific traffic has dropped TrnisTolls sharply since May, 1957, when it totaled Month Trnis(In thousands of dollars) 2,557,000 tons as compared with 1,617,______ ________________ -_____ -000 tons for September of this year, it 1959 1958 1938 1959 1958 1938 has recovered somewhat from the low of July------------------------767 788 457 $3,681 $3,668 $2,030 1,450,000 tons set in February. August ---------------------777 812 505 3,664 3,599 2,195 The decline in the volume of the southSeptember------------------717 771 444 3,357 3,504 1,936 bound traffic through the Canal is attribOctober----------------------------813 461---------3,680 1,981 uted primarily to the sharp reduction in November--------------------------779 435---------3,522 1,893 December--------------------------774 439---------32 1,845 purchases by Japan. A check of cargo January -------------------------744 444---------3,376 1,838 Manifests for Canal transits shows that February --------------------------700 436---------3,104 1,787 less coal, less scrap, and less miscellaneous March-----------------------------810 506---------3,628 2,016 shipments are going through the Canal April------------------------------734 487 ------3,363 1,961 May -----------------------------752 465------3,526 1,887 to Japan than for some time in the past. June ----------------------------710 445----3,305 1,801 On the other hand, the cargo moveTotas fr frst mothsments north through the Canal, i.e., from of fiscal year--~-------2,261 2,371 1,406 $10,702 $10,771 $6,161 Pacific to Atlantic, are continuing to set Totals for fiscal year --2,261 98 5,54 t7 79S-$23,170 10 Novem~ber.7, 1958



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records. Trade movement in this direcCanal Commercial Traffic by Nationality of Vessels tion has been rising steadily since 1953, and another sharp rise has been recorded First Quarter, Fiscal Years for the past quarter. 1959 1958 1938 The increase in the first three months Nationality NumNumNumof the current fiscal year is due for the ber of Tons ber of Tons ber ?f Tons most part to the intercoastal movement transits of cargo transits of cargo transits of cargo of petroleum, principally such residual -------------------------------oils as diesel oil, bunker oil, etc. between Belgian ---------4 2,180 4 13,222 ------------------Brazilian --------1 -----------------------------------------------the United States West Coast and ports British ----------268 1,563,127 307 1,852,111 292 1,667,795 on the Eastern seaboard. This trade, Canadian -------2 -----------------------------------------------incidentally, has contributed to the drop Chilean ---------20 100,732 19 96,093 2 10,096 in cargo movements in the opposite diC*iinese ---------18 109,604 14 118,516 2 13,113 Colombian ------66 93,770 50 81,370 ------------------rection, since the tankers transit from Costa Rican -----4 30,341 5 32,260 ------------------Pacific to Atlantic loaded and return in Danish ---------85 258,711 92 304,427 55 254,567 ballast. A similar flow of oil products Dominican Rep. --3 -----------------------------------------------occurred in 1956. Ecuadorian ------9 6,323 13 18,501 -----------------_ Estonian --------------------------------------------2 4,695 Of interest to shippers are figures On Finnish ---------7 29,767 7 27,772 ------------------the changes in several of the major French ---------34 144,428 24 127,565 28 146,788 trade routes through the Canal. Trade German ---------220 595,809 209 650,590 91 450,641 between Europe and the West Coast of Greek ----------20 184,515 33 282,955 31 181,941 Honduran -------30 11,832 77 96,638 9 2,926 South America continues to increase. Hungarian ------------------------------------------2 11,176 Intercoastal trade is up, because of the Irish -----------1 10,323 ------------------------------------shipments reported above. Trade beIsraeli ----------2 17,098 -------------------------------------tween the East Coast of the United Italian ----------51 260,948 51 309,779 13 39,933 Japanese --------184 1,259,631 154 996,051 75 522,490 States and the Far East is down sharply Liberian --------212 1,735,802 258 2,106,440 ------------------because of Japan's curtailed buying. Mexican --------I -----------------------------------------------Despite the reduction in the number Netherlands -----76 321,298 47 222,583 60 217,168 Nicaraguan -----20 39,899 21 34,308 ------------------of transits for the first quarter of the Norwegian ------237 1,054,504 249 1,200,024 155 855,770 current fiscal year, and the decrease in Panamanian -----95 470,786 136 695,430 54 155,169 the amount of cargo tonnage, tolls have Peruvian --------17 61,129 11 57,653 ------------------not dropped proportionately. Philippine -------7 42,373 5 30,722 ------------------Spanish ---------10 44,717 14 63,600 2 15,280 Statistics prepared by the Panama Swedish ---------58 189,215 45 181,014 31 206,645 Canal Company's Executive Planning Swiss -----------2 18,487 ------------------------------------Staff show that ships axe increasing i United States ----496 3,021,926 526 3,110,649 495 2,860,814 Uruguayan ------1 3,475 ------------------------------------size but, at the same time, carrying less Venezuelan ------------------------------------------2 1,953 cargo. During the twelve-month period Yugoslavian -----------------------------------------5 23,151 from November 1957, through September ----1,406 7,642,111 1958, the average ship transiting the Total -----1 2,261 11,682,750 2,371 12,710,273 Canal was measured at 5,269 Panama Canal net tons. This compares to 5,133 net tons for the 12 months just preceding. On the other hand, the average cargo load was 5,189 tons for the November 1957Principal commodities shipped through the Canal September 1958 period, compared with (All figures in long tons) 5,723 tons for the 12 months before that. PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC There was no significant change durFirst Quarter, Fiscal Years ing the first quarter of the present Commodity fiscal year in the nationality of ships 1959 1958 1938 using the Panama Canal. The United Ores, various -----------------------------1,613,345 1,982,090 541,685 States continued to hold first place in Lumber ----------------------------------720,111 799,406 877,574 the number of transits, followed by Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) ---683,367 79,650 978,129 Great Britain, Norway, Germany, and Sugar ------------------------------------351,490 310,650 439,129 Canned food products ----------------------317,113 369,597 306,650 Liberia. During the first quarter of the Barley -----------------------------------284,732 87,817 55,146 preceding fiscal year the order was: Bananas--, ------------------------------273,303 265,178 10,432 United States, Great Britain, Liberia, Metals, various ---------------------------219,747 219,464 173,726 Norway, and Germany. Nitrate of soda ----------------------------186,106 240,493 222,756 Wheat -----------------------------------184,226 501,776 40,873 Food products in refrigeration (except fresh fruit) --------------------------------159,594 124,415 45,205 Coffee -----------------------------------92,636 78,919 37,173 Revised Edition of Canal Cotton, raw ------------------------------76,194 48,857 37,071 Rice -------------------------------------67,375 31,833 23,675 Information Booklet Ready Phosphate ------------------------7 ------60,175 34,650 14,258 All others --------------------------------1,005,777 981,912 1 849,620 A revised edition of the Panama Canal Total -----------------------------6,295,291-1 6,156,707 4,653,102 Company's general information pamphlet will be ready for general issue this month. Copies were placed on sale this week in ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC the Balboa and Margarita Service CenFirst Quarter, Fiscal Years ters and at the Tivoli Guest House. Commodity 1959 1958 1938 The pamphlet, "The Panama CanalFunnel For World Commerce"-is Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) ---1,533,041 1,749,282 178,635 printed in color for the first time. It Coal and coke ----------------------------797,547 1,166,769 47,077 Iron and steel manufactures ----------------406,500 646,923 646,493 contains a wealth of general information Phosphate --------------------------------323,428 305,830 111,416 about the Canal, its history, and its opSoybeans ---------------------------------250,436 171,585 900 erations. It is profusely illustrated with Sugar ------------------------------------238,491 117,077 3,207 pictures and charts. Corn -------------------------------------116,101 42,157 33,360 f Chemicals, unclassified ---------------------115,871 108,937 27,985 A feature of the pamphlet is a map o Wheat -----------------------------------100,504 87,421 343 the Canal Zone, in three colors, printed Paper and paper products ------------------90,444 96,233 132,018 on the back cover. Ores, various -----------------------------87,282 143,788 42,072 Individual copies are 15 cents each. Sulfur ----7 ------------------------------86,312 69,940 83,729 Cotton -----------------------------------71,847 82,933 23,877 Lots of 10 or more, for distribution by Machinery -------------------------------65,817 95,023 46,081 steamship and travel offices may be obRice -------------------------------------62,577 2,735 1,135 tained for 10 cents each. All others --------------------------------1,041,261 1,666,932 1,610,681 November 7, 1958 11 Total ----------------------------1 459 6,553,565 2,989,009



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ADVANCED sections formed for Balboa High School students ACHIEVEMENT Parents of certain junior and senior stunation of scholastic records, Intellidents at Balboa High School have regence records, achievement test scores, ceived notice of the admission of theanoteprietciei. pupils to "advanced achievement" sections and o eet fther petnn te no established to give academically talented Uf1 permits their admission into class groups students an opportunity for broader Ywhich will have more exacting standards training and more exacting work than and special fraining in their subject fields. that done in regular classes. The program will be under continuing While the program is on an experievaluation and students who fail to keep mta bais th1salsheto h pace will be returned to regular classrooms. "advanced achievement sections"~ is in acAdvanced achievement sections have cord with a recommendation of the Nabe salse o ee ujcs tionl EucaionAssciaton or rouingSolid Geometry, Intermediate Algebra, academically outstanding students for Lrs English 11 and 12; United States History; study. The overall program was the Physics; and Chemistry. Students selectoutgrowth of national concern about the ed are those who have shown special rate of advancement in scientific and '~aptitude in a special subject, some students technological fields by today's graduates winning the honor of being placed in more from American schools. Recommendathan one academically talented class. tions for the special study groups resulted Establishment of these outstanding from a convention of more than 200 promstudent study groups will not effect the inent educators held last February under normal class schedules, since the size of the sponsorship of the NEA. the Balboa junior and senior classes are Anticipating such a program, school such that they are already divided into officials began studies last spring presections for scheduled classroom work. paratory to the establishment of special As it becomes apparent that the proclasses on a trial basis for the academigram is successful, advanced achievement cally talented students of Balboa High. sections will be added in other subjects, These studies included a careful examiand extended to lower grades. SUGGESTION Several employees of Canal organization are given AWARDS Cash prizes were handed out to a sizeable sets to permit freedom of hand movement Keene, of Gorgas Hospital; Joseph L. H group of employees last month for suggesfor signaling or other duties. Mr. Weade Demers, Storehouse Branch; Rudolph L. tions to improve operations or save money. also was awarded $15 for a suggestion to Jemmott, Supply Division; and Leonard The cash awards, ranging from $15 to use chemical for the control of weeds and W. Collins, Balboa Retail Store. $50, were presented individually by GovAgas award th oc30s rci ed b ak. Te three employees receiving awards ernor Potter. The largest single award Ho a ward ape of the Lcs Dcivedsb of $15 were Cecil F. Hayes, of the Storeof $50 went to Russell A. Weade, of the ion, and a check for $25 was presented to house Branch; Mrs. Helen Chisholm, Locks Division, for suggesting that Canal Gerald 0. Parker, of Gorgas Hospital. Motor Transportation Division; and Mrs. pilots be furnished with telephone headAwards of $20 each went to Walter Mabelle B. Walker.



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Newly Renovated Fern Room at Tivoli Ready This Week Extenave~enovation of the Fern Room into a unobstructed gathering place. The of the Tivoli Guest House now in prognew floor plan calls for new and betterress is expected to be completed in time located service bar and pantry. New to have a comfortable and attractive hall entrances are planned both from the outready for several parties during the Roosside and from the main dining room. evelt Centennial celebration. A central air-conditioning plant is being The Fern Room has been a popular installed sufficiently large enough to exmeeting place for Zonians since it was tend the duct system into the coffee shop opened about 10 years ago. However, later. The air-conditioning system is simits floor space arrangement and wall locailar to that being installed at the Admintions added little to its comfort and utilistration Building. ization for large parties and banquets. The air-conditioning ducts will be conWhen present alterations are comsealed in a new suspended ceiling of acousLarva hunter examines anopheline pleted, there will be little to remind tical tiles. The ceiling will have direct and larvae from water-filled hoofprints, visiting Roosevelt Medal holders or, indirect lighting of a decorative design to for that matter, local residents of how complement the other interior decorations. that wing of the Tivoli looked previThe decorative features of the Fern in the intensive program of the past year. ously. It will be air conditioned and Room will include planters around the The statement follows: both its outward and inward appearthree glassed walls filled with both ex"Malaria eradication is not a simple ance will be altered, but much of the otic and tropical plantings. New drapes short-term nor strictly localized program. original character will be retained, will be hung on traverse rods on the Its realization must, of necessity, be on The remodeling of the Fern Room is window walls to reduce glare and proa sustained and wide geographic basis. one phase of an overall plan to revitalize vide privacy. New furniture is to be In view of the all-out malaria eradication the old hostelry which was first opened installed but will not be ready in time campaign being waged by international to accommodate President Theodore for the Roosevelt Centennial parties. and local health authorities in the WestRoosevelt and his party just 52 years The removal of one wooden partition ern Hemisphere, there is every reason to ago. The renovation work is planned and part of another requires the replacebelieve that malaria eradication will be over a period of the next few years with ment of some structural members. These achieved in the Canal Zone along with attention being given first to the public wooden members, some badly termiteother Central American areas. rooms and areas. Scheduled for extensive riddled, will be replaced by structural steel. "Climate and topographic conditions changes are the Coffee Shop, the lobby, The Fern Room renovation is being in the Canal Zone are ideal for yearand dining room areas. done partly under contract and partly by around propagation of many species of The Fern Room is to be glass enclosed Canal forces. The design and decorative mosquitoes. The localized control of on three sides with floor-to-ceiling winfeatures were done by the Architectural these mosquitoes to tolerable levels is dows. The wooden partitions which cut Branch under Gerald A. Doyle, Jr. The considered essential for efficiency, morale, the floor space up into three rooms and installation of the structural steel, air and the well being of residents and this a porch will be removed and replaced by conditioning, and suspended ceiling is is the objective of the Health Bureau. decorative panels and plaster walls. being done under contract, and Mainte"Insecticides and machines are emBy a reallocation of the floor space, the nance Division crews are performing all ployed to the extent practicable. Howtwo larger rooms and porch will be made other work. ever, sole reliance on insecticides for mosquito control has met with disappointing results because of developing resistance by many species of mosquitoes and other insects of medical importance. "There is an increasing return to the practice of basic environmental sanitation in preventing breeding through drainage of breeding areas and other sanitation measures. Mosquito control measures reinstituted or intensified during the past year have not eliminated mosquitoes, but they have resulted in a marked decrease among the adult populations of the various species as indicated by our catches at the various survey stations." A discarded shell case and a glass jar make a simple trap to recover insects. Julie Ann, two-and-a-half-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Williarq LeBrun of Balboahas better sense than folks many years her senior. When she tirec8 of looking at te Balboa Toyland display, she just curled up in this box andell aleep.



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C.. .E1.E~FENSE. -. PAGES ,rROM TH NEWS AtSHIS'*Work on the new Civil Defense HeadTHIS MONTH quarters-office for the Pacific side is .• progressing. This new Control Center is being constructed next to the restaurant 50 Years Ago oil tanker "Phoenix," owned by the Amerin the Administration Building at Balboa ican Tankers Corporation and under charHeights. At the same time the survey of The best record for excavation in one ter to the Continental Grain Co. She was rooms in the Administration Building in day since the beginning of the Canal work northbound November 23, 1933, with 7,116 Cristobal for an Alternate Control Center by the American forces was set November tons of wheat from Portland, Oreg. to was approved by Lt. Governor McElheny. 30, 1908, when 67,130 cubic yards of maGalveston, Tex. Canal officials said they Most of the communications equipment for terial was taken out by 53 steam shovels thought this the first passage of a grainthe two offices has already been received, working in the Central Division. This carrying tanker in at least 10 years. averaged 1,256 cubic yards per shovel, a The Canal Zone was Antarctic-minded Additional classes in Home Nursing husky day's work by anyone's count. 25 years ago this month. Following close aredplanditoSatasse n d Nrsg The primary reason why the "no help on the arrival of the Byrd expedition's are planned for Santa Cruz and Paraiso. wanted" sign is displayed along the line of Jacob Ruppert came the 60-year-old, TheParaisocandidatesarepresentlytaking the Canal is that work has passed its highsquare-rigged, oak-hulled Bear of Oakland, the required preliminary first aid course. est point so far as the employment of men a former whaler later turned Coast Guard is concerned, "The Canal Record" anship. Her crew included five scientists Plans are being made for the observnounced with what was later to prove confor the Byrd expedition. She was delayed ance of National Civil Defense Day siderable inaccuracy. (The force in Noslightly when repairs had to be made to which will be observed throughout the vember 1908 totaled 29,827; the highest her bow, damaged when she brushed the United States and possessions on Pearl number ever employed by the Isthmian side of Miraflores Locks. Meanwhile, Harbor Day, December 7. An order for Canal Commission and Railroad combined Canal Zone Scouts gathered at Balboa three special informative booklets has was over 43,400 in 1913.) From this time to pay honors to Paul A. Siple, Eagle Scout been forwarded to Headquarters at Battle forward, "The Record" of 50 years ago and biologist for the Byrd expedition. Creek, Mich., and should arrive on the continued, the work on the Canal Zone will Isthmus the latter part of November. It be confined largely to the actual Canal 10 Years Ago is also planned to show some educational building, that is, to excavation and dam In connection with an extensive revicivil defense films at the Balboa Theater. and lock construction. Building and musion of the wage and salary schedule of nicipal work, erecting houses, installing the Panama Canal and the Panama RailTraining kits for use in the Canal Zone water and sewer systems, and road making road, officials announced thgelimination High Schools on radiological monitoring have reached the stage where most of the of the terms "gold" and "silver," used have arrived on the Isthmus. The Canal expenditure from this time forth will be since the construction period to differenZone schools are participating in this for maintenance. tiate between locally-hired and imported national training program in which 6,000 In a heavy fog in New York harbor employees. high schools with a million students are early in the morning of November 26, R participating. the Panama Railroad's steamer Finance Reduction in force notices were sent out was rammed and sunk by the White Star ten years ago this month to more than a A communications plan was submitted liner Georgic. The Finance was struck tenth of the Mechanical-now Industrialand discussed late last month by those amidships by the Georgic's bow, the blow Division force. The notices affected 77 responsible for communication facilities exploding an ammonia tank in the hold. skilled and 82 unskilled workers. The rein case of a civil defense emergency. The Three passengers on the Finance bound duction, heaviest in more than two years, ine ofan il dfenswg e ie en. The for the Isthmus and the ship's third aswas made because of the marked decline in new plan will now go to the Lieutenant sistant engineer were drowned. The Fibusiness, primarily marine repair work. Governor for approval. nance was 295 feet long and grossed As November ended, all three of the 2,603 tons. Panama Line's ships were held in New OVEMBER VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS The design for the medals which, in York by a longshoreman's strike which Date Town Plce Hour accordance with the promise of President affected all East Coast ports. All ship 5, 12, 19, Margarita (Home Service 9-" a. m. Theodore Roosevelt, were given to all emmail and packages were routed through and 26 Nursing Classes) Center 1-3 p. m. T New 31 Rainbow City School 6:3o p. m. ployees of the Isthmian Canal Commisswn Orleans; the Canal's commissaries 13 Santa Cruz Service Center 8:oo p. m who served two or more years on the Canal had laid in extra supplies in case the 17 Paraiso School 7:30 P. I. work, was finished by Victor D. Brenner, strike was prolonged. famed medalist. One Year Ago A party of eighteen men started a topSeveral million dollars worth of Panographical survey of the watershed of the Chagres River to determine the drainage ama Canal Company property, most of area of the river. From this, engineers it on the Atlantic side, was formally • i -• • i. vvwould be able to estimate the water suptransferred to the Republic of Panama WE' IFK TT wold e ale t esimae th waer up-a year ago this month, in accordance with Official Panama Canal Company Publication ply for Gatun Lake. provisions of the 1955 Treaty. Also in Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z. 25 Years Ago November 1957: Two Congressional Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone In line with the policy announced the groups, one from the House Post Office previous month by the Presidents of the and Civil Service Committee and the W. E. POTTER, Governor-President United States and Panama to curtail other the Panama Canal subcommittee JOHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor commercial activities in the Canal Zone, of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries WILLIAM G. AREY, JR. two restaurant concessionaires, Carl Committee arrived for hearings here, and Panama Canal Information Officer Strom and H. Smith were notified that a third Congressional group, from the they had 30 days to close up their Canal House Appropriations Committee spent J. RuFus HARDY. Editor Zone business. Late in November they two days on the Isthmus on an inspection ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor were given an additional month's grace. trip; Maj. Gen. L. J. Sverdrup, of the EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant Traffic through the Panama Canal conSt. Louis firm of Sverdrup & Parcel, continued its upward trend in November 1933. ferred here with Canal officials on the On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. November transits totaled 509, compared design of the Canal bridge; R. G. LeRetail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at S cents each. Subwith 434 for the previous November, and Tourneau dropped in briefly to confer on ucrlptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 414 for November 1931. Three Canal the new towing locomotives; just after cents each. pilots, laid off in July because of reduced the Gatun Lake level rose high enough Postal money orders made payable to the Pantraffic, were restored to their jobs. An unso that all Diesel plants could finally be ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. usual transit during the month was the shut down, floods disrupted highway, rail, communications, and power systems November 7, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5 on the Atlantic side.



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Local Tourist Season Fenders Removed Gets Off To Earliest Start In Many Years With the arrival in Cristobal today of I the big cruise liner, Caronia, the local tourist season gets off to one of the earliest starts and possibly the busiest seasons in years. As this issue of THE REvIEW went to press, the Navigation Division had requests for 34 trips of the ferryboat Presidente Porras carrying tour parties through the Cut. In addition to the early start of the tourist season, another unusual feature of this year's cruise schedule is the fact that the November visitors are four of the largest tour ships which, normally, do not start their Caribbean or around-the-world schedules until much later in the season. The 34 reservations represent 16 cruise ships, inasmuch as several of the big liners will make more than one call here The LeTourneau towing locomotives made possible by the research program. before the end of March. have a shorn look without their big, Personnel from R. G. LeTourneau, Inc. Most frequent of this year's visitorsrubber-tired fenders, which have been manufacturers, were here to make the with five calls scheduled-will be the removed for a new series of operating necessary alterations for the present tests. Arosa Sun, due on December 24, January tests at Gatun Locks. One locomotive is They are also assisting personnel of the 10, January 24, February 9, and March 1. used on the center wall and one on side Marine and the Engineering and ConThe Nieuw Amsterdam will make four wall. Tests earlier this year and the presstruction Bureaus in trying out the new calls: November 8, December 29, Febent series have been of major value and towing devices on Canal floating equipruary 11, and March 17. The Evangeline lock operations will reflect economies meant and ships up to 315 feet in length. and the big Empress of England will make three calls each, and the Gripsholm, Homeric, Mauretania, and Ocean Monarch are Nieuw Amsterdam, March 17; and EmFormer scheduled for two calls apiece. press of England, March 21. Two Zone Ofcials Cruise parties on the January trips of In addition to these ships, the Handing Bu Lives IT U the Gripsholm, January 14, and the Emseatic, the former Empress of Scotland, is Lea sy i n U. press of England, January 22, are to be due in Cristobal the morning of February Two former Lieutenant Governors, so large that the ferry will make two trips 2, on a West Indies cruise. She sails from Col. Herman W. Schull and Col. Hugh through the Cut for each ship, one in the Cristobal late the same night. M. Arnold, have extended the busy lives morning and another in the afternoon. they led on the Isthmus to their new In addition to her call at Cristobal TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING homes in the United States, according to November 24, the Kungsholm is schedVESSELS IN SEPTEMBER letters received by friends in the Zone. uled to transit the Canal January 15 for Colonel and Mrs. Schull have moved a cruise which will take her to the South 1957 1958 from Coral Gables to Jupiter, Fla., and Seas and Pacific ports. She will return Commercial -----------771 717 presently are building a home there. to Balboa April 13 for northbound transit. U. S. Government -------18 19 And Colonel Schull, recently appointed On the outward voyage, the Kungsholm will General Manager of the Florida Inland berth in Balboa and on the homeward Total ---------789 736 Navigation District, has a long canal to bound trip she will dock in Cristobal; look after-the Intracoastal Waterway each stop will be for several hours. TOLLS* from Miami to Jacksonville. Their mailThe list of cruise ships which will dock Commercial ---$3,508,949 $3,360,346 ing address is Box 686, Jupiter, Fla. in Cristobal and use the ferry boat PresiU. S. Government 69,019 102,902 Colonel Arnold-now Commander of dente Porras for a partial transit of the the 20th Engineer Brigade-and his fainCanal for their passengers follows: Total __$3,577,968 $3,463,248 ily live at Fort Bragg, N. C. Both he NOVM ER: Caronia, Nov. 7; Nieuw CARGO (long tons) and Mrs. Arnold have already become engrossed in a variety of community and Amsterdam, Nov. 8; Stockholm, Nov. 17; Commercial ----3,936,498 3,496,070 civic activities. Among many other and Kungsholm, Nov. 24. The Stockholm U. S. Government 36,360 117,425 things listed in a recent letter he is Presis carrying a group of doctors and their ident of the Ft. Bragg School Board, wives; she is scheduled for a call at the San Total___ 3,972,858 3,613,495 and she is busy in both Gray Lady and Blas Islands before reaching Cristobal. DECEMBER: Arosa Sun, Dec. 24; Evan*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small Nurses' Aid work. geline, also Dec. 24; Gripsholm, Dec. 29; Nieuw Amsterdam, also Dec. 29; OlymTRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES pia, Dec. 30. The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 JANUARY: Arosa Sun, Jan. 10; Homeric, net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes: Jan. 13; Gripsholm, Jan. 14; Oslofjord, First Quarter, Fiscal Years Jan. 21; Empress of England, Jan. 22; Arosa Sun, Jan. 24; Mauretania, Jan. 27; 1959 1958 1938 Maasdam, Jan. 30, and the Ocean MenUnited States Intercoastal -------------------------153 148 349 arch, Jan. 31. East Coast of U. S. and South America -------------485 564 97 FEBRUARY: Evangeline, Feb. 4; Arosa East Coast of U. S. and Central America ------------103 125 19 East Coast of U. S. and Far East ------------------350 415 217 Sun, Feb. 9; Empress of England, Feb. 10; U. S./Canada East Coast and Australasia ------------48 46 49 M'ieaw Amsterdam, Feb. 11; Mauretania, Europe and West Coast of U. S./Canada -----------206 211 194 Feb. 18; Homeric, Feb. 19; Ocean MonEurope and South America -----------------------278 238 137 arcFe, eb. 21; and Berlin, Feb. 23. Europe and Australasia ---------------------------88 92 44 ar.,All other routes -------------------------------------550 532 300 MATCW: Arosa Sun, March 1; Evangel r... 532 _300 line, alsD March 1; Stella Polaris, March Total Traffic ------------------------------2,261 2,371 1,406 3; Empress of Scotland, also March 3; 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958



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4i* After a year's intensive fight, the incirates low in the tropics and for provision dence rate for malaria in the Canal Zone of the funds needed for such work. has dropped back to figures which had Recognizing the gravity of the situacome to be regarded as normal in the tion, Governor Potter gave his full backpostwar period when rates were the lowing to a program of malaria eradication est ever known in this area. and mosquito control recommended by The one-year period of intensified maCol. Charles 0. Bruce, Health Director. laria eradication and mosquito control The intensified program was conductEd ended in September. It was instituted on a broad scale and many phases were after an upsurge of malaria in June 1957 not generally known. Some highlights of which occurred, coincidentally, with a the program are: scourge of mosquitoes in residential areas, Development of a "Master plan report particularly on the Atlantic side. for eradication of malaria and control of During the three-month period of mosquitoes in the Canal Zone;" employJuly through September of this year ment of additional personnel, including there were only eight malaria cases an entomologist, an additional sanitation 'J reported in the Zone, less than the inspector, and some 85 temporary labornumber in any one month of the comers in various categories; reestablishment parable quarter of the preceding year. of 10 mosquito survey stations; restoraThe effectiveness of the Health Bution or cleaning of 234 miles of mosquito reau's campaign has also shown up at control drains, most of which were in the the various survey stations where mosswampy areas on the Atlantic side; requitoes are trapped and identified. At spraying of all rural dwellings and other the Atlantic-side survey station, no selected buildings with a residual insectimalaria-carrying mosquitoes were takcide, dieldrin; continuance of blood suren during July and August and only veys for parasite carriers among rural one in September. dwellers and groups of employees; free The full effects of this intensified prohospitalization of all malaria cases as a gram have now begun to appear in stapublic health measure; free distribution tistical form. The Health Bureau's record of anti-malaria drugs; improvement of for the number of malaria cases in the drainage in the practically closed East Above: This ditch is choked with weeds. four months just after the rate showed Diversion on the Atlantic side by the Below: This ditch has been cleaned out. such a rapid rise and those for comparaDredging Division's specially constructed tive months this year are: suction dredge Mandinga; topographic Surveys by the Engineering Division for A957 1958 drainage improvement; bimonthly aerial Total* C. Z. Total* C. Z. spraying through assistance of the U. S. June ---------47 23 36 12 Army; and acquisition of much additional July--29 9 22 2 equipment and supplies of newest apAugust -----60 19 10 2 proved insecticides. September 54 16 21 4 Among the equipment placed in service were six aluminum boats for river and Total ---190 67 89 20 lake survey work; three outboardmotors; All employees and families living within and outpower dusters and power sprayers; spray side the Canal Zone. pumps; and laboratory microscopes. The sudden upturn in the malaria rate The fundamentals of the malaria in June of last year occurred after the eradication and mosquito-control prolowest malaria rate in the 50-year history gram conducted by the Health Bureau of the Canal Zone, and only a short time during the past year are no different after no malaria cases were reported for from those employed back in 1906 a full month for the first and only time When President Roosevelt visited the since the construction of the Canal was Canal Zone. begun in 1904. The flare-up very effecSome of the fundamentals and prostively demonstrated the need for constant pects for the future were outlined by the and intensive efforts to keep malaria Health Bureau in its summary of results 6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 7, 1958 K



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C. Z. Students Eligible For New National Educational Loans Junior College and high school students FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION in the Canal Zone now have an additional avenue opened for continuing their education with the initiation of the new National Defense Student Loan program. This program was authorized by the National Defense Education Act passed on the last day of the 85th Congress. While not all provisions of the Act will ,2 "4/." 2C e be applicable locally, Zone students at, tending or planning to attend colleges or universities in the United States are eligible for loans granted under favor able terms, providing they meet various requirements. Place of residence is not qualification. l a Participation in the National Defense Student Loan program will be on an individual college or university basis and student recipients of such loans will be selected by the college or university itself, after acceptance for enrollment. !' Because of the probability that many students here may desire to obtain loans to continue their education, Zone school I officials will make available information concerning the program to any interested student. They will also assist to the exI believe in the dignity of safety because it tent possible in such matters as obtaining protects me and my fellow workers. lists of colleges and universities particiI believe in the teachings of safety because rating; furnishing required scholastic recthey attempt to alleviate suffering for me and mine. ords; and counseling on requirements and participation by individual students. I believe in the magnanimity of safety because The law requires that each borrower it creates conditions whereby workers may enjoy from the Student Loan be a full-time the fruits of their labor. undergraduate or graduate student and I believe in the useful service safety offers bein need of the amount of the loan to concause it considers humanity as unexpendabletinue his or her studies. It also requires not coparin humanity as inan abe-that the student, in the opinion of his comparing humanity with inanimate objects. institution, be capable of maintaining a I believe in the supreme worth of safety because good standing in the chosen courses. it teaches the worker to perpetuate his right to Special consideration will be given loan life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. recipients with a superior academic background who express a desire to teach in I believe that the rules and laws of safety are elementary or secondary schools, and made for man and that safety is the servant for those whose academic background indithe welfare of man. cates a superior capacity or preparation I believe in the sacredness of safety because it in science, mathematics, engineering, or creates a world whereby cleanliness and order a modern foreign language. reign. One of the basic purposes of the program as described by the law is "to And above all, I believe in safety because it identify and educate more of the talent considers the prolonging and preserving of life of our nation" and "to insure trained and limb so that mankind shall not be broken and manpower of sufficient quality and maimed while striving for a decent livelihood. quantity to meet the national defense By A. J. Pyros needs of the United States." Students participating in the program will be REPRINTED FROM INDUSTRIAL SUPERVISOR required to subscribe to an oath of allegiance to the United States. Terms for the student loans are exceptionally lenient. A student may borrow up to $1,000 a year, or up to $5,000 for an entire course in higher education. Repayment of such loans must begin one SEPTEMBER 1958 year after the borrower ceases to be a ,NJURIE full-time student and must be completed FIRST AID DISARLING DAYS LOST YEAR CASES INJURIES TO DATE ten years thereafter. 's8 57 '58 '57 '58 '57 '58 '57 While no interest is charged until the Engineering & Construction(Honor Roll) 22 22 0 0 0 0 15 4 repayment period begins, the interest Health ----------------(Honor Roll) 18 16 0 2 0 22 3 3 the i i e n .Supply& Community Service --------33 43 1 1 11 5 7 9 hereafr is only tree percent a year. NeYork Operations -------------6 14 Special advantages are offered for those Marine --------------------------42 77 1 1 23 37 32(12) 25 who plan a teaching career. The law Civil Affairs----------------------6 12 2 1 7 1 14 6 provides that up to 50 percent of the ansportation & Terminals ----------45 36 3 0 106 0 14 19 loan, plus interest may be canceled in Pool p a--------------------0 -0 -1 event the borrower becomes a full-time teacher in a public elementary or secondLocks Overhaul Injuries included in total. ary school, the cancelation to be at the rate of 10 pircnt a year up to five years.4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Novehiber 7, 1,95