Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00189
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1958
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00189
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text

v V



IN rt



* r

-*--- *



Comes to Canal's Non-Citizen Workers

The first retirement of a non-U. S.
citizen employee of the Company-Gov-
ernment, about 9,000 of whom will be
blanketed into Civil Service Retirement
next month, may occur sometime this
month. The last of the about 4,600 re-
tirements under the 20-year-old Disabil-
ity Relief Act took place in September.
The first employee to benefit under the
new retirement system, a provision of the

1955 Treaty between the United States
and Panama, could be an employee re-
tired for disability. On the other hand,
it is possible that the first to receive
Retirement benefits could be survivors of
an employee who died during the month.
There will be no retirements for age and
service, or until a year has passed. The
Civil Service Retirement Act requires that
an employee be a member of the system

Andrew Ruddock, center, the Civil Service Commission's Retirement Chief, talks
with George Welsh, left, and Edward A. Doolan, of the Canal Personnel Bureau.

and contribute to the retirement fund for
a year before he can receive benefits.
These facts, and a number of others
concerning retirement, were explained
last month in a series of talks given in
the various Latin American communities
by representatives of the Personnel Bu-
reau. Speakers have appeared at Paraiso,
Rainbow City, and Santa Cruz in addi-
tion to the large mass meeting held early
in September (and shown in the photo-
graph above) at the former Tivoli Com-
missary. The speaker was Andrew Rud-
dock, Chief of the Retirement Division
of the Civil Service Commission. The
meetings were sponsored by Local 900 of
Highlights of the new retirement:
Deductions of 6.5 percent, represent-
ing the employee's contribution to the
retirement fund will be started October
5. This will be matched by the Com-
pany-Government and the Civil Service
Retirement Fund.
Retirement benefits will be exactly
the same for non-U. S. citizens as for
U. S. citizens, except that mandatory
retirement age for non-U. S. citizens
will be 70 instead of 62. All service
with any U. S. Government agency
will be credited toward retirement.
This service need not be continuous.
After one year under Civil Service
Retirement, within the two-year period
immediately preceding his separation,
an employee may elect one of several
forms of optional retirement, if he has
the necessary service.

The load in the cargo-sling happens to
be cacao but it might well have been any
of the thousands of items which pass over
the Canal Zone's docks and piers each
year. The efficient and economical hand-
ling of cargo has won the Canal Zone an
enviable reputation. For more on cargo
handling, see pages 8 and 9 of this issue.
2 October 3, 1958

lIII 11111 hS C

Goal $125,000

Opening Date: October 13

Give Generously

1958 Campaign
Participating Agencies Approved
American Red Cross----------------------------------- $23,000.00
American Social Hygiene Association --------------------- 96.00
Atlantic Religious Workers Association 3,500.00
Boy Scouts ------------------------------------------- 17,036.00
Canal Zone Cancer Committee-- 10,000.00
Canal Zone Committee for Aid to
Physically-Handicapped Persons --- --- ---- 7,000.00
Canal Zone Summer Recreation Board
(Latin American Communities) 2,000.00
Canal Zone Summer Recreation Board
(U. S. Communities) 5,420.00
Corozal Hospital Occupation and Recreational
Fund, Canal Zone 2,500.00
Girl Scouts 7,250.00
International Boy Scouts -------------------------------- 3,868.00
International Girl Scouts -------------------------------- 2,850.00
International Social Service, American Branch, Inc.-------- 75.00
National Recreation Association ------------- 83.00
Salvation Army---------------------------------------- 7,600.00
United Seamen's Service ------------------------25.00
United Service Organizations, Inc.------------------------ 15,900.00
(Balboa YMCA-USO)
(Cristobal YMCA-USO)
(Jewish Welfare Board-USO)


@ *so'i~ i


October 3, 1958


Been having trouble with transmission
line noise when you try to telephone
across the Isthmus? So have a lot of
other people. Just have patience; relief
may be in the air-quite literally.
A 50-channel microwave communica-
tion system is now being designed for
the Panama Canal Company to replace
the 44-year-old, 50-pair telephone cable
which crosses the Isthmus alongside the
Panama Railroad tracks.
A contract for the design of the mi-
crowave communication system was
awarded recently to the New York en-
gineering firm of Gibbs & Hill, Inc.
Included in the contract is the design
of a radio and microwave relay system
for weather reports. The design firm
is to submit its preliminary plans about
the end of the calendar year. If these
are approved, the final plans are to be
ready about next March. The Engin-
eering Division of the Engineering and
Construction Bureau is working with
Gibbs & Hill engineers on the combined
The general idea of the microwave
communications system is shown on the
accompanying diagram. The major in-
stallations would be two microwave sta-
tions, one on either side of the Isthmus,
with a possible relay station between.
Over this system, the voice of a Balboa
telephone caller would travel by cable as
it does now, but only to the Pacific side
microwave station instead of entirely
across the Isthmus.
At the microwave station the voice
would be broadcast to the Atlantic side
microwave station where it would be put
back onto an underground cable to con-
tinue to its destination.
The caller's voice could not be picked
up on an ordinary radio receiver be-

cause the microwave is super high fre-
quency short wave. The wave length
of the microwave, one engineer said
rather poetically, is "about the length
of a raindrop," or more or less three-
quarters of an inch.
On super high frequency radio, wave
lengths measure a centimeter to 10 cen-
timeters-roughly four-tenths of an inch
to about four inches, while low frequency
radio has a wave length of a kilometer
to 10 kilometers-or five-eighths of a
mile to 6.25 miles.

Under the design contract, the Gibbs
& Hill engineers will determine the loca-
tion, heights, and acceptable types of
antennas and reflectors for the Canal
Zone system. They will also recommend
what central telephone office equipment
will be needed to supplement existing
equipment and make plans for future ex-
pansion of the system to an ultimate ca-
pacity of at least 225 channels.
In addition to designing the microwave
radio-telephone system, Gibbs & Hill will
design a communication (See page 15)

Official Conference

A model of the Army's Jupiter missile engages the attention of Army Secretary
Wilber Brucker and Miss Mary Watson, Governor of Canal Zone Girls State.


October 3, 1958

In a week-long program
Canal Zone observes

In a week-long observance next month,
the Canal Zone will honor Theodore Roos-
evelt, a man who had much to do with
the building of the inter-oceanic water-
way across the Isthmus. The Canal Zone
celebration is planned as a climax to the
nation-wide Roosevelt Centennial Year.
With the cooperation of organizations
throughout the community, a schedule of
events extending through the entire week
of November 9-15 is rapidly being form-
ulated into an official program which
probably will attract many distinguished
visitors to the Isthmus. Undoubtedly
the visitors will include a number of the
Canal's oldtimers, especially since the
Board of Directors has established a spe-
cial $150 round-trip rate on the Panama
Line for Roosevelt Medal holders and
their spouses desiring to attend the festivi-
ties. All who are eligible for the reduced
rate are urged to contact the Panama
Line, 21 West Street, New York City, for
reservations on the October 24 or Novem-
ber 4 sailing.
By an Act of Congress, the current
year extending to October 27 has been
set apart to commemorate the life and
services of Theodore Roosevelt. This
centennial of the birth of the 26th Presi-
dent of the United States will be observ-
ed in the Canal Zone two weeks later in
order that the local celebration take
place on the anniversary of the period



Roosevelt spent on the Isthmus in 1906
for an on-the-spot survey of Canal con-
struction. The visit to the Isthmus is
memorable not only for what he did and
saw here but also because it was the first
time that an American president had
left the continental United States dur-
ing his term of office.
A special theme has been selected for
each day of the Roosevelt Centennial
week. The local program will get under
way on Sunday, November 9, with the
theme for the day "Theodore Roosevelt
-Father and Family Man." Churches
will center their activities around that
theme. They will use materials secured
by the Canal Zone Memorial Committee
from the Centennial Commission in the
United States, including a folder, Theodore
Roosevelt-His Nine Reasons For Going To
Church, and a filmstrip, Theodore Roosevelt
-Doer of the Word.
Family activities are being planned on
both sides of the Isthmus for Sunday
evening. These will feature community
singing of songs of the Roosevelt era, led
by members of the local Barber Shop
Quartet organization.
"Pioneer, Adventurer, and Naturalist,"
will be the theme for Monday. A principal
event of the day will be a tree-planting
ceremony which is being arranged by a
special committee headed by Judge John
E. Deming. The tree will provide a living

symbol of President Roosevelt's interest
in the field of conservation.
On Tuesday, which is Veterans' Day,
the theme will be "Soldier." An out-
standing celebration is being planned
for that day by veterans organizations
of the Canal Zone.
"Public Servant" will be the theme
for Wednesday. Semi-finals of a school
essay contest will probably be con-
ducted; the winners will be awarded
miniature busts of Roosevelt.
The highlight on Thursday, when the
theme for the day is "Social Reformer,"
will be an evening program at the Tivoli
Guest House. This is being arranged by
the Isthmiani Historical Society to include
Maurice H. Thatcher the only member
of the Isthmian Canal Commission still
alive, as speaker. The program will also
include a special Victor Herr-Donald Mus-
selman produced pageant re-enacting his
1906 visit to the Isthmus.
"Statesman" will be the theme for
Friday, which will be another busy day.
It will end with an evening Open House,
construction-day style, at the Tivoli.
The week's program will be brought
to a climax Saturday when the theme
is "Theodore Roosevelt-American."
On this final day, there will be an out-
door dedication ceremony at the Ad-
ministration Building, Balboa Heights.
A bronze bust of President Roosevelt
to be unveiled in the center of the ro-
tunda on Saturday is the gift of Edward
A. Bacon, Deputy Assistant Secretary
of the Army. Mr. Bacon is well known
in the Canal Zone where he has visited
on several occasions when he was As-
sistant to the Secretary of the Army in
charge of Canal Zone affairs.
Formerly of Milwaukee, Mr. Bacon is
a lifelong admirer of Roosevelt and has
a broad background in business, civic,
and cultural affairs.
During the Saturday program, the
National President of the American So-
ciety of Civil Engineers will present the
Panama Canal with the Society's award
as "One of the Seven Civil Engineering
Wonders of the United States."
"- Saturday, November 15, will also be
the first day of issue of a commemorative
Theodore Roosevelt stamp, put outby
the Canal Zone6Postal Division.
Throughout the&week ai1special Canal
Zone Library-Museum display on Roos-


it ,^ -... .

Edward A. Bacon, Roosevelt admirer,
is the donor of the bust of "Teddy."


October 3,. 1958



Fourth generation employees aren't
very common in most companies and
they are even rarer in the Canal organi-
zation. But right now there is a young
man in the Engineering Division whose
father, great-uncle, and great-grandfather
all worked for the Panama Canal or Pan-
ama Railroad.
He is Richard A. Pincus, now assigned


Richard A. Pincus
to the Structural Branch. His family has
lived on the Isthmus for almost a century.
Mr. Pincus' great-grandfather, Charles
Stilson, came to the Isthmus from Port-
land, Me., about 1863. For many years
he was a conductor on the Panama Rail-
road. He lived in Colon but he and his
family had a "summer home" in a big
house at Gatun built by the French Canal
Company. "Stilson's Pond" was part of
the family property.
Charles Stilson's son, Frank, was born
on the Isthmus. His job as Panama
Railroad Ticket Agent and Telegraph
Operator at Gatun was conveniently near
the family home. His niece, Alice, mar-
ried Arnold Pincus, a native of Baltimore;
Mr. Pincus worked for the Panama
Canal's Electrical Division from 1928
until his death in 1950.
Their son, Richard, was born in Ancon.
He is a graduate of Cristobal High School
and of Catholic University in Washing-
ton, D. C., from which he holds a degree
in architectural engineering. Before he
returned to the Isthmus two years ago,
he worked in Washington and California.
He and his wife, Cecilia, and their fam-
ily of four children have been living in
two adjoining bachelor apartments in
Williamson Place in Balboa for the past
two years.

evelt will be open to the public at the
Civil Affairs Building.
A complete listing of all the many ac-
tivities to be incorporated in the official
program is now being prepared in printed
form for distribution to interested indi-
viduals and to organizations on the Isth-
mus and in the United States.
The Canal Zone Theodore Roosevelt
Committee can be contacted through Mrs.
Amy McCormack, Executive Chairman
for the Pacific side; Gerard K. Schear, Ex-
ecutive Chairman for the Atantic side; or
William G. Arey, Jr., General Chairman.


For A Comeback

After breathing has stopped and artificial respiration is started, the chances for
recovery are:

1 Minute after breathing has stopped, it's 98 out of 100
2 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 92 out of 100
3 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 72 out of 100
4 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 50 out of 100
5 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 25 out of 100
6 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 11 out of 100
7 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 8 out of 100

8 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 5 out of 100
9 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 2 out of 100
10 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 1 out of 100
11 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 1 out of 1,000
12 Minutes after breathing has stopped, it's 1 out of 10,000

If you don't know now how to give artificial respiration it'll be too late to learn
after something has happened on the job or at home.

Look up your local Safety Representative or Civil Defense or Red Cross Rep-
resentative soon, and make arrangements to learn how to give artificial respiration.
We hope you may never have to, but you may have occasion to bless the day that
you did.

In connection with the above,, the American Red Cross stresses the fact that
artificial respiration will have to be applied for three to four hours before signs of
recovery are apparent in severe cases of electrical shock. In the case of drowning,
signs of recovery should appear after approximately 25 minutes.


Health ...--.......-----------(Honor Roll)
Civil Affairs----------...... (H. (onor Roll)
Supply& Community Service -----. -
Transportation & Terminals-...........
Engineering & Construction...........
New York Operations..---------------
Accident Pool-
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company--.

'58 '57
18 22
9 10
42 89
34 41
43 54
24 19
4 16
176 254

'58 '57
0 0
0 0
1 2
1 1
1 4
1 0
1 0
5 7

'58 '57
0 0
0 0
20 9
12 56
12 70
19 0
13 0
76 135

'58 '5s
3 1
12 5
30(12) 24
6 8
11 19
15 4
8 1
1 -
86 62

( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries included in total.


October 3, 1958


What is believed to be a precedent-
establishing innovation in the field of
public education in the Civil Defense
program will soon be started here on the
Canal Zone, P. L. Dade, Civil Defense
Chief, has announced. This will take the
form of civil defense pictures to be shown
at the Balboa Theater through the coop-
eration of the Supply and Community
Service Bureau and especially of W. B.
Mallory, Chief, Motion Picture Section.
It is believed that this is the first
community in any State, possession, or
area in the Federal Civil Defense organ-
ization to try this ambitious program,
Mr. Dade said. To be able to show these
civil defense educational subjects which
are produced on 16 mm film, and meet
the mechanical and safety requirements,
a special arc-light projector was secured
in the United States.
This equipment has already been set
up at the Balboa Theater and test runs
have been made and pronounced a com-
plete success.
This new process, which is being ob-
served with considerable interest by the
Civil Defense Regional Headquarters at
Thomasville, Ga., will make possible the
showing of these extremely interesting
educational films to large audiences.

The first Home Nursing courses to be
given in the Paraiso Civil Defense Unit
will end this coming week with gradua-
tion ceremonies to be held Monday night
at the Paraiso High School. The exer-
cises will begin at 7:30 p. m.
The American Red Cross Home Nurs-
ing courses have been taught by Mrs.
Janet A. Marshall, ARC instructor. She
has conducted three separate classes, each
numbering 16 students.
In addition to providing training which
could be useful in time of a disaster or
an emergency, the Home Nursing course
deals with the care of the sick and help-
less at home-from small babies to chron-
ically-ill old people, teaches basic home
nursing using improvised equipment, and
supplements the training given in First
Aid classes.

Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone

W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor
Panama Canal Information Officer

EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers,
Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10
days after publication date at 5 cents each. Sub-
scriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10
cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan-
ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor,
The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

October 3, 1958

Worth knowing
Coolness is coming. Shown in the accompanying photograph is
part of the 25 tons of air-conditioning machinery and equipment
which were moved into the Administration Building at Balboa
Heights last month. Two windows were removed, frames and all,

to allow some of the bigger pieces to be taken inside. The con
create cubicles which will house this machinery are all completed
and the contractor, Hoffman-Wulfe, is about 40 percent finished
with the installation of ducts. Some of the units, probably those
on the basement and lower floor, may be operating by Christmas.
Hearing things? Certainly you are. Some of the Panama Rail-
road's locomotives have been taking singing lessons and have
switched to soprano. Actually, Railroad forces have been re-
tuning the whistles whenever possible; in one locomotive the
whistle wouldn't respond to treatment and was replaced.
Congressmen are coming. Several members of Congress have indi-
cated that they will visit the Zone in the next few weeks. First
to arrive will be Rep. Prince H. Preston, of Statesboro, Ga., and
Rep. Cliff Clevenger, of Bryan, Ohio, both members of the House
Appropriations Committee. Accompanied 'by their wives, they
are due October 21. Scheduled to arrive abbut November 17 are
Rep. E. F. Byrne, of Chicago, Ill., and Rep. M. R. Laird, of
Marshfield, Wis., together with their wives and Representative
Byrne's family. Representative Byrne is a member of the Public
Works Committee and Representative Laird of the Appropriations
Committee. On November 27, Rep. and Mrs. E. A. Cederberg
expect to arrive for a two-day visit here. He is from Bay City, Mich.,
and is a member of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee.
Dr. Eric Osterberg is back in school. Dr. Osterberg, Chief of the
Division of Preventive Medicine and Quarantine, is now at Col-
umbia University in New York City taking graduate work. During
his absence, Dr. Bernard K. Levin, Chief of the Quarantine Section,
is acting Chief, Division of Preventive Medicine and Quarantine.
Bibliographies for parents are now available. In response to a
suggestion from Miss Ellie Fanning, Supervisor of Instruction for
the U. S. Elementary schools, the Canal Zone Library has pre-
pared a list of books which parents may find useful in answering
all sorts of questions about children. Copies of the list are on
hand in the Main Library and all its branches.
A new specialist has arrived. For the first time,, the Canal Zone
Health Bureau has on its own rolls an Orthodontist, whose special
field is straightening teeth and doing similar corrective work. He
is Dr. Kenneth L. Sagrans who arrived late last month from Wake-
field, Mass. He is a graduate of Tufts University where he also
took his post-graduate work. His office will be in the Dental
Service of Gorgas Hospital in the old Ancon Dispensary Building.

Efficiency and economy are watchwords

for cargo handling operations at the

(Editor's Note: The freighter "John
Hobbs," about which the following
story is woven, will not be found in
Lloyd's or any other shipping register.
To simplify a tale of loading and un-
loading, we have invented the freighter
which is a composite of a real Canadian
vessel and a coastal steamer. With the
exception that tiwo ships have been
combined into one, everything else
that follows is exactly what went on
at the piers.)
The sun was just coniing up %\ben the
Canadian freighter John Hohhi poked her
bow through the 2,000-foot opening in the
Cristobal breakwater one day last month.
Once inside Limon Bay, she slowed
down to pick up the harbor pilot and the
boarding party and headed for Pier 6,
seamost of the concrete and steel piers
which jut out from the Cristobal Mole.
Her arrival was expeteLed. Twenty-
four hours out of Cristobal she had ra-
dioed ahead the hour at which she ex-
pected to arrive and her agent had
notified the Port Captain and the Term-
inals Division that she would require pier
space to discharge 1,500 tons of cargo.
When her harbor pilot came aboard, he
knew her pier assignment.
According to the John Hobbs' cargo
manifests, she was to discharge canned
sardines, whiskey, fiber asbestos, and
Canadian paper in great rolls of news-
print. Part of the cargo, including the
newsprint, was consigned to the Republic
of Panama; the remainder was for trans-
shipment to the South American west coast.
The John Hobbs was also to pick up
cargo in Cristobal. She would load 120
tons of Panama cement, and 100 tons of
miscellaneous cargo, part of which had
been transshipped. This would go to
Puntarenas, Costa Rica, and was to be
carried on the John Hobbs because she
was already scheduled to put in there to
discharge more of her newsprint.
As soon as J. W. B. Hall, Cristobal's

Freight swings aboard the United Fruit Company's Sixaola from Balboa piers.



Chief Stevedore, learned what time the
John Hobbs would reach Cristobal, he
checked his pier chart and assigned her
a berth. Her agent already had decided
that the ship would need five gangs of
stevedores, to work aboard the vessel,
and the necessary dock laborers and
equipment. A notice that five gangs
would be needed at 7 a. m. was posted
on the board in the stevedores' shed at
the entrance to the Cristobal pier area.
Altogether, this would mean work for
160 men on the first shift and another
160 for the second shift.
A little after 7 o'clock, the John Hobbs
came alongside into her berth at Pier 6.
Her crew already had the tarpaulin hatch
covers loosened and the booms raised.
As soon as the gangway was secure, the
stevedores for the ship swarmed aboard.
Within a few minutes, the first slings and
pallets, loaded with rolls and crates, be-
gan to swing out over the ship's side.
On the piers, the dock laborers un-
loaded each sling and pallet and began
routing the cargo on its way. All this
was done under the watchful eyes of
checkers, who were there to see that
not one crate more or less than the
amount called for in the manifests
was taken from the ship.
The cargo unloaded from the John
Hobbs and destined for transshipment to
South America was stowed in storage
space on the pier, to await arrival of what
shippers call the "on-carrier."
The local cargo, including the large
rolls of newsprint-each of which weighs
1,100 pounds and will produce between
5,000 and 5,500 16-page newspapers-
was loaded onto cargo trailers hauled by
tractors-the little dock trains-and
hauled to the freight house not far from
the pier area entrance. (On festive occa-
sions like the Fourth of July and Third
of November when the trains can be
spared, they are gaily bedecked in flags
and set to hauling Zone youngsters on
much-anticipated rides. Hundreds of
young and middle-aged Zonians recall
these holiday events.)
The freight house where local cargo is
held for the consigneee for three days
without charge and at a moderate charge
thereafter, was remodeled recently at a
cost of approximately $40,000. Its plat-
form has been widened five feet to a
present 15-foot width and additional
doors have been opened from the plat-
form into the storage bays. The plat-
form has been lengthened to 547 feet and
can accommodate 20 more trucks than it
could before the remodeling.
The sheltering overhang, which pre-
viously did not extend even to the plat-
form's edge, now stretches three feet and
seven inches beyond it, and, for the first
time, the platform is lighted, to permit
safer and more expeditious receipt and
delivery of cargo.
In addition, the street opposite the
loading platform has been widened 15
feet, to allow truckers to maneuver their
vehicles in considerably more space than
they had before.
During the past fiscal year, a total

The Panama Canal Review

Local cargo, like this, goes by train
from Balboa docks to the freighthouse.

A dock checker makes sure that cargo
and manifest balance to the last box.

Extension of the Cristobal freighthouse platform provided space for 20 additional trucks like those above.

of 216,165 tons of cargo flowed through
the Cristobal freight house.
But, back to the John Hobbs:
The stevedores assigned to her worked
from 7 a. m to 3 p. m., without a break,
averaging 20 tons of cargo a gang each
hour. At 3 p. m. the first gangs ended
their shift and for the next two hours
there was comparative quiet on the pier.
During this break, pier forces had time
to lubricate and service the cargo-hand-
ling equipment and do other housekeep-
ing chores, preparing for the afternoon
labor take-on.
At 5 p. m. five more gangs for the
ship, together with dock laborers, re-
ported for work. About five hours later,
the 1,500 tons of cargo which the John
Hobbs had carried for Cristobal was off the
ship and the loading process had started.
Since cargo must be expertly stowed
aboard a ship so that she will ride well
in all kinds of weather, loading is a
slower process than unloading. As an
average, a Cristobal pier gang can
handle 18 tons per loading hour.
The 120 tons of Panama cement which
the John Hobbs would carry to Costa
Rica were already waiting on Pier 6.
Other cargo is taken to the freight house
two or three days ahead of the ship's
arrival and hauled from there down to
the ship's side. Cement, however, is de-
livered directly to the pier by the cement
company's own trucks before the ship
arrives and is placed on pallets ready for
loading aboard ship. A sack of cement
weighs 95 pounds; there were 2,526 sacks
in the 120-ton shipment.
While gangs for two hatches were load-
ing the cement other gangs were loading
the other cargo which the John Hobbs
would carry on to its final destination.
By 1 a. m. the loading process was fin-
ished. The hatches were battened down
and the hatch covers in place. The John
Hobbs was ready for southbound transit
on the number-one schedule. She had
been berthed less than 24 hours when
she moved away from Pier 6 to start
through the Canal.
And what did all this cost? In both
dollars and in time, it cost considerably
less than any port in the area and than
most ports in the world.
The charges for unloading and loading
the John Hobbs were broken down into
three sections, just as they are for any
ship. Stevedoring costs and delay costs
are normally charged against the ship it-
self and not against the cargo. Stevedor-
October 3, 1958 9

ing covers only the moving of the cargo
between the ship and the pier apron.
Handling, in pier language, means
moving the cargo on the piers, checking
and segregating it, warehousing it, and
delivering it over the platform to the
consignee, or to the ship. This is charged
against the cargo, not the vessel.
Transferring means moving cargo un-
loaded from one ship into position where
it can be loaded onto another, as in the
case of cargo for transshipment.
In general, and except for bulk car-
goes, which the piers are not specially
equipped to handle, cargo handling
charges in the Canal Zone's piers are
low, and the cost of handling cement is
considerably less than in major United
States ports. A special rate, approved by
the Governor, to stimulate the export of
this Panama product, grants Panama
cement the low figure of $1.40 a ton for
handling charges. By tons, this com-
pares as follows:
New York $4.50 per ton
Baltimore $4.25 per ton
New Orleans $2.28 per ton
By the sack of cement, the comparable
prices are:
Canal Zone $0.0665
New Orleans $0.1083
Baltimore $0.2019
New York $0.2138
In fiscal year 1957, 238 tons of Pan-
ama cement were exported over the

Canal Zone piers. Cement export for fis-
cal year 1958, again over the Canal Zone
piers, totaled 842 tons, or over three
times the previous year's figure.
Not only in the field of cement, but
in the field of all general cargo, the Canal
Zone's ports have an enviable reputation
among shippers and carriers for their ec-
onomical and efficient handling, steve-
doring, and warehousing of cargo.
According to recent figures, the Canal
Zone ports handle 43.2 percent more
cargo per man-hour than Boston, 27.9
percent more than New York, and 8.5
percent more than Baltimore.
Together, Cristobal and Balboa have
more than two miles of berthing space
at their piers and wharves which could,
if necessary, accommodate 28 average-
sized freighters at one time. The Term-
inals Division, which operates and works
the piers, has modern machinery for
cargo work, and offer- cargo service 16
hours a day seven days a week. Most
ports handle cargo only eight hours a
day, except by special arrangements.
Last fiscal year, in the two Canal
Zone ports, with a force which ranged
from 1,767 to 1,735, a total workload of
1,833,087 tons of cargo was handled,
transferred, or stevedored. High work-
load-189,151 tons-was in November,
and the year's low-116,756 tons-was
in February.

Not long ago, a

(see page 1I)

On little trailer cars like these, cargo moves from dock to freighthouse.

Ma i .q _l.c "
q l .. IM.

It's back to School

for Parents, too

Thes' are back-to-school days for
Canal Zone parents as well as for mem-
bers of the youth brigade.
Reopening of the United States schools
means a resumption of Parent Teacher
activities and, judging from their present
plans, the two present PTA units have a
full year ahead. A good-sized turnout
of parents and teachers attended the first
Atlantic side meeting September 15 in
the gvimnasium of the North Margarita
school; last year the PTA met in the
library of the South Margarita school but
now needs a larger meeting place.
On the Pacific side, where the only
Parent Teacher group is that at Diablo
Heights, this year's program gets under
way next Tuesday with the annual re-
ception for the teachers. Lt. Gov. John
D. McElheny, who has belonged to
PTA's in the States and in Japan,
will be the evening's guest speaker.
The Atlantic side Parent Teacher As-
sociation is the larger of the two, as it
draws its membership from all the ele-
mentary schools on that side of the Isth-
mus. Last year membership ranged be-
tween 200 a nJ 2 i II and a drive has already
started to better that figure.
Membership in the Diablo Heights
PTA last year was about 170. Parents
in this group come from Diablo Heights,
Los Rios, Curundu and Curundu Heights,
Corozal, and Diablo Terrace.

The Atlantic side PTA is affiliated with
the National Congress of Parent Teacher
Associations. The Diablo Heights PTA
is not. But both have the same general
To promote the welfare of children
and '.outh In homes, schools, and com-
To bring into closer relation the
home and the school, that parents and
children may cooperate intelligently
in the training of the child; and
To develop between educators and
the general public such united efforts
as will secure for every child the high-
est advantage in physical, mental, and
spiritual education.
Both of the present PTA groups are
comparatively young-each was organ-
ized in 1954-but both have already
chalked up impressive records.
The Atlantic side PTA campaigned for
free bus transportation for the elementary
school children and has been active in
sponsoring recreational and other pro-
grams. Its most outstanding success, its
members feel, came during the past sum-
mer when the PTA sponsored coaching
classes in reading and arithmetic for about
100 grade school children. The classes
were held an hour a day for four weeks
in the North Margarita school and were
taught by Canal Zone teachers who were
spending their vacation period on the

Atlantic side Board: I. to r.: G. F. Gercich, Coco Solo Principal; Capt. Frank
Edgar, treasurer; Miss Frances Moomaw, Margarita Principal; Thomas Sellers,
vice president; Sgt. Robert Campbell, secretary; Paul Beck, Cristobal High School
Principal; Mrs. H. L. Rushing, Gatun Principal; Capt.,L. E. Lebel, president.

Diablo Heights officers; from left: Meyer Slotkin, president; James Maguire,
Public Relations; Noel Farnsworth, vice president; Mrs. Bettye Sheffield, treas-
urer; Mrs. Clara Jacobson and Mrs. Marjorie Foscue, teacher representatives.

Isthmus. Parents paid a nominal fee for
their youngsters.
The summer program has produced
such results that the parents are now
recommending a similar program for next
summer, but want the daily sessions
lengthened to an hour and a half, and
the entire program to last for six instead
of four weeks.
While the Diablo Heights group has
so far confined its activities to the school-
year, parents in this PTA are especially
proud that they were used as a sounding
board for the present program for handi-
capped children. Dr. Ray Graham, who
conducted the initial survey on the need
for such a program here, made his first
public appearance in the Canal Zone at
a meeting of the Diablo Heights Parent
Teacher group. The interest and enthu-
siasm of his listeners, the Diablo group
believes, was a factor in the decision to
establish a handicapped children' pro-
gram in the Canal Zone schools.
The Diablo Heights PTA has also
pushed the idea of free school bus service,
helped conduct school safety campaigns,
and worked on problems of school health.
The group has also sponsored a series of
talks by outstanding local speakers,
among them missile expert Col. John
Nickerson. This year the PTA hopes to
inaugurate a Home Room Mother system
in the school.
On the Atlantic side, the PTA officers
are all parents. The group is headed
by Capt. Lucien E. Lebel, of Fort Gu-
lick, father of two sons and two daugh-
ters. Vice President of this group is
Thomas Sellers of Margarita. Sgt.
Robert Campbell of Fort Gulick is
Secretary, and Capt. Frank Edgar, also
of Fort Gulick, is Treasurer.
Both parents and teachers serve on
the board of the Diablo Heights PTA.
President is Meyer Slotkin of Diablo
Heights, The other officers are Noel
Farnsworth, Vice. President; Mrs. Clara
Jacobson, Secretary; Mrs. Bettye Shef-
field, Treasurer; Mrs. Marjorie Foscue
and Mrs. Hazel Williams, Teacher Rep-
resentatives; and James Maguire, Pub-
lic Relations.
While today's Parent-Teacher groups
are still young, there have been similar
organizations in the Canal Zone, off and
on, for over 41 years. The first such
group was formed in Balboa in Novem-
ber 1917 under the name of the Parents
and Teachers Cooperative Association.
Its president was Harry N. Engelke whose
son, Howard, now heads the Electrical
Division's Communications Branch.
Parents in this first group had gotten
together, apparently, because they were
distressed over the high rate of failures
among the children, and at first this was
their major concern. Later they spon-
sored talks by school officials, dealt with
playground matters, and at one time ad-
vocated placing the schools on a 12-
month schedule. The Association appar-
ently lasted for several years.
By 1922 the movement had spread to
the Atlantic side where a (See page 1i)

October 3, 1958


"We traveled the Inter-American Highway when .. "
will be the way, in future years, the young daughters of Mr.
and Mrs G. A. Doyle, of Balboa, will speak of the vacation
trip they took this summer.
Traveling with their parents, Gwen, who is seven years
old, and Claudia, who is 11, covered approximately 9,275
miles on their first trip from Balboa to Canada-literally
from the Panama Canal to Sault Ste. Marie-by way of the
Inter-American Highway.
The Doyles left by air for San Jose, Costa Rica, June 12,
having shipped their 1956 station wagon the week before.
No special equipment other than three extra tires was taken
along for the car, as adequate service stations are available
all along the route.
From San Jose, they took a train down to Puntarenas where
they had to wait overnight for the car to be unloaded from
the ship. This delay did not bother the girls who spent the
day on the beach making friends with Costa Rican children.
The road was generally good for some time after they left
Puntarenas, but as the Doyles approached the Nicaraguan
border it narrowed into a single muddy lane.
They spent little time in Nicaragua but took a 147-mile
side trip off the highway to Tegucigalpa, Honduras, where
they stayed overnight, leaving the next day for San Salvador,
capital of El Salvador.
El Salvador proved to have the best section of the road
with two lanes of paved highway stretching from border
to border. From San Salvador, one day's travel brought
the Doyles to Guatemala City and from here they took
the highland route into the Mayan country where they
visited the Indian towns of Chichicastenango and Que-
zaltenango, and Lake Atitlan.
Slides in Guatemala sometimes made the road impassable,
but road equipment and helpful natives were usually avail-
able to give assistance. From Huehuetenango, Guatemala,
to El Ocotal, Mexico, the Inter-American Highway is still
not completed, and to travel through this section it was nec-
essary to take the old road. From Tapachula to TonalA,
Mexico, the car had to be shipped by rail.
For this trip of 150 miles, the station wagon was loaded
on a flat car. The family was allowed to stay in the car for
the ride which took 11 hours as the train made frequent
stops at small towns along the way,
Since his hobby is archeology, Mr. Doyle found Mexico
particularly interesting and took several side trips to
pre-Columbian cities. Although both Gwen and Claudia
are interested in archeology, their father took them to
so many museums and excavation sites that their inter-
est began to fade, and one morning when they heard the
day's itinerary, one of them sighed and said: "Do we
have to go to look at some more old pots?"
The Doyles feel that Claudia and Gwen have a better un-
derstanding of the people and the geography of Central Ameri-
ca as a result of the trip; and although the girls still can't
spell Chichicastenango or Quezaltenango, they are no longer
merely strange unpronounceable words on a map.

The Doyle family looks over map showing route over
which they traveled on trip through Central America.

Above: Gwen and Claudia Doyle stand beside the road
sign which marks the spot where three countries meet.
Lower: When train carrying station wagon stopped
in a Mexican town, the girls climbed out for a rest-

Among the souvenirs which the girls collected on the
trip were Guatemalan hats and Costa Rican ox carts.

(Continuedfrom page 9) representative of a
shipping agency which handles hundreds
of vessels a year, said of the port of
Balboa-and he could have used the
same words about Cristobal:
"It is the best-working port on the en-
tire Pacific Coast. Here we handle 40
tons of flour an hour, as compared with
20 tons handled in some of the larger
ports of the United States. We can
handle 10 tons of frozen tuna at Balboa
while three or four tons are handled in
an hour in California ports."
The Terminals Division, it would seem,
has reason to be proud of its record.

(Continued from page 10) PTA was formed
in the high school. Atlantic side parents
of this time were concerned over the lack
of equipment in the high school and the
need for a commercial course. There is
no record in Panama Canal files as to
how long this PTA lasted, but in 1929
there was another movement under way
on the Atlantic side, among parents who
wanted to form a "School Betterment
Association," primarily to back creation
of a school board.
For more than a decade thereafter there
appeared to be little interest in Parent
Teacher groups except in the schools in
non-U. S. communities. Interest among
parents in that group has been sustained
and is worthy of a separate story later.
Soon after the end of World War IT,
the Pacific Civic Council made a survey
of juvenile delinquency in the Canal
Zone. Recommendations of the inves-
tigating committee included formation
of a Parent Teacher organization. As
a result, Parent Teacher organizations
were formed at Diablo Heights, Ancon,
and Balboa and-while not the result
of the Council survey-at Gamboa.
For a time the Balboa unit was so large
that it split into three units, one for
the elementary, one for the junior
high school, and one for the high
Eventually, however, interest in the
movement died as its more active partic-
ipants moved away or their children went
on to school in the States. All of the
PTA's disbanded-or, rather, just stopped
having meetings.
The only memento of the once-large
and active Balboa group is a trophy,
presented each year at the annual ROTC
Field Day, usually by W. H. Esslinger,
the last president of the Balboa High
School PTA.
Today's PTA members, however, are
suie that their units will not fold. If the
interest shown at present is maintained,
there is no reason why they shouldn't go
on and on.

Any Pearls ?

Rigors of the cons actition period! THE
CANAL RECORD announced that the steamer
"Advance" which sailed from New York
October 7, 1908 had a consignment of fresh
oysters for the Commissary Department.
The commissaries expect to stock.fresh oys-
ters as long as the season lasts in the States,

50 Years Ago
The excavation for the Panama Canal
was getting deeper and deeper 50 years
ago this month. One of the shovels on
the Gatun Locks site was working below
sea level but was running into little
trouble from seepage because a 12-inch
pump kept the water below the point of
interference. Spoil from the lock site was
used in the fill of the high trestle on the
relocated Panama Railroad line at Gatun.
Excavation forces were husy all along
the Canal and their enterprise was rewarded
with a new monthly record -3,24?.,638 cu-
bic yards-the highest for rainy season
excavation and about 60 percent more than
for October the previous year.
Two of the worst accidents of the con-
struction period occurred 50 years ago in
October. On October S, 1908, five men
were killed and eight injured when a
tooth of a shovel working in the Cut
near Empire struck the cap of an unex-
ploded charge of dynamite. Two days
later lightning was blamed for setting off
blasts in some of the 154 holes which had
been packed with dynamite ready for
blasting near Mindi. Seven men were
killed, 10 others hurt, and one was miss-
ing as the result of this explosion.
According to "The Canal Record," a
ton of copper pipe collected from old French
excavators and locomotives, some bronze
bearings taken front cars, locomotives, and
excavators, and 200 pounds of tin found
in one of the old French warehouses had
been collected and was to be sent to the
Philadelphia Mint Ito be used in casting the
bronze "Roosevelt Medals." Themedals were
to be given to Commission employees who
had served two or more years on the Isthmus.
In 1958, there are approximately 10,500
boys and girls attending the Canal Zone
schools; 50yearsago this month, the schools
opened their doors to 396 U. S. children
and 264 children of Non-U. S. families-for
a total of 660. The growing enrollment in
the Zone schools was a matter of concern;
a new two-room school building was au-
thorized for Corozal to relieve the conges-
tion. High school classes were under way
at Cristobal and Culebra.
25 Years Ago
Commercial traffic through the Pan-
ama Canal--467 ships in October 1933-
was the largest since January 1931, and
tolls collected-$2,036,909.16-were also
more than any month since January 1931.
One of the factors in the growing Canal
business was the increase by 19 ships in
the intercoastal trade. All 19 were tankers,
carrying 432,225 tons of oil and gasoline.
.4 rainfall of 12.75 inches at France Field
on October 20, 193,3. set a new ?4-hour
record. The Randolph Road was flooded to
a depth of four feel, and ordinary vehicular
traffic was suspended. The floor of the
pumphouse of the oil handling plant at
Mount Hope was 12 inches under water.
In a joint statement, the Presidents of
the United States and Panama announced
that they had agreed on certain general
principles governing the relations between

the two countries and affecting the Canal
Zone. They included, the statement said,
the restriction and regulation of Canal
Zone competition with Panama commerce
and assistance for repatriating unem-
ployed aliens from the Canal Zone.
There was also to be special vigilance
on contraband, no more sales by the
Canal Zone of tourist articles to vessels
transiting the Canal or in Canal Zone
ports, and the use of Canal Zone hospitals
was to be limited to employees and their
families except in emergencies.
Sixteen days after the joint statement was
released, Gov. J. L. Schley issued orders
prohibiting the sale of tourist goods by the
commissaries for resale on ships, limiting
the rights 1,' purchase in the commissaries
and cluhhouses, discontinuing restaurants,
lunchrooms, and messes which were oper-
ated under contract, and limiting the hos-
pitals to employees and their families.
Before the month ended, a large blue-and-
white sign reading "Panama Canal Club-
house--Welcome" was removed from the
Balboa Clubhouse.
Carrying 147 Huskies and tons of pro-
visions and equipment, the supply ship
Jacob Ruppert reached the Canal Zone
en route to New Zealand and the Antarctic.
Aboard was Adm. Richard Byrd headed
for his second stay in Little America.
10 Years Ago
The first on-the-ground masonry quar-
ters to be built in the Canal Zone were
thrown open to the public for inspection
and comment. The four buildings, at
Margarita, were part of the experimental
program for permanent quarters.
Just after the Panama Canal sent out
word that 300 extra men were needed by
the Mechanical Division to careen one of
the Navy's huge floating drydocks so that
it could transit the Canal on its side, word
came that the arrival of needed parts was
delayed. Not only were the additional 300
not hired, but 200 men from the Balboa
slhpe were furloughed for a week for lack
of marine work.
Several promotions and transfers were
effective 10 years ago this month. Ed-
ward A. Doolan, who had been an admin-
istrative assistant in Personnel, in charge
of employment and training, became one
of two Assistant Directors of Personnel.
He is now Personnel Director. P. A.
White was named Assistant Superinten-
dent of the Dredging Division, which he
now heads. Capt. Robert S. Bertschy
succeeded ('apt. Myron L. Thomas as
Cristobal Port Captain.
One Year Ago
October 1957 was a busy and import-
ant month. On October 4, the 200,000th
ocean-goinz commercial ship made the
Canal transit. October transits of ocean-
going commercial ships set. a new record
with S13 transit.. The firm of Sverdrup
& Parcel was retained to design the new
bridge over the Canal; bids were opened
for lighting Gaillard Cut; a contract, was
awarded for excavation at Paraiso curve;
and the home-made dredge Mandinga
was launched.

12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 3, 1958


October 3, 1958

Experts on Excavation

Here for Long-Range Plans

Representatives of some of the world's
major earth-moving concerns were on the
Isthmus last month, studying modern
applicable techniques and helping to up-
date cost estimates on the long-range plan
to increase the Canal's capacity. The
contractors' representatives were working
with the New York engineering firm of
Parons, Brinckerhoff, Hall & Macdonald,
which was engaged several months ago
to review engineering data and cost esti-
mates on the long-range plans.
Both groups were briefed on the Pan-
ama Canal and made extensive field trips,
including partial transits of the Canal.

R. V. Stevenson, project engineer
Parons, Brinckerhoff, Hall & Macdor
was here during the visit of both gro
Their schedule was planned through
Special Studies Branch of the Engin
ing Division.
During the visit of the dry excava
experts, M. Harvey Slocum, world-fa
dam builder now engaged in the
struction of India's great Bhakra D
told Zonians about India and som
its current problems. He spoke at
Balboa Theater in the fifth of the s(
of Outward-Look talks.

Specialists in dry excavation are ation; O'Dean Anderson, Morris
shown above during one of their Knudsen; Keith C. Wasson, Peter I
field trips. From the left are: Roger wet Sons; and Robert Stewart, Pana
B. Stevenson, Project Engineer for Par- Canal Company geologist. Present
sons, Brinckerhoff, Hall & Macdonald; the field trip but not shown in this
M. Harvey Slocum, dam-building ex- ture was J. P. Frein, Chief Engineer
pert; William A. Boyd, Peter Kiewet Morrison-Knudsen. He had worked
Sons; Arthur McLaren, Perini Corpor- Madden Dam during its construction

A week after the dry-excavation ex- Charles N. Clarke, of the Stand:
perts made their survey, representa- Dredging Corporation; Vincent H. H
tives of three large dredging companies sin, of the Gahagan Dredging Co
visited the Canal Zone to look into pany; DeWitt D. Barlow, Jr., Atlar
dredging problems connected with the Gulf & Pacific Company; and Al
long-range plans. From the left: White, Chief of the Dredging Divisi



for the Canal Zone

November 4

November 4-the traditional first Tues-
tion day after the first Monday-will be
med Election Day in the Canal Zone as well
imed as in the United States.
con- It is the date Canal Zone residents will
am, go to the polls to name their Civic Coun-
e of cil leaders for the coming year.
the Because the next issue of THE REVIEw
series will not be published until after election
day, a brief roundup of election plans for
each community is presented herewith:
Voters in the big Pacific Council area,
in addition to naming new councilmen,
will also ballot on a proposed constitu-
tional amendment. Purpose of the
amendment is to make it easier for
candidates to qualify for election to the
Council without going through a cum-
bersome process now prescribed by the
The Pacific Council's wards are Ancon-
Balboa Heights, Balboa, Diablo Heights,
and Los Rios. In each of the four wards,
voters will elect three councilmen to two-
year terms and three as one-year alter-
nates. The three candidates in each ward
getting the highest number of votes will
automatically be elected to two-year terms.
Following the elections, all the new
councils except Gamboa will meet to
elect council officers. In Gamboa, the
president of the Council is elected di-
rectly by the people. The person getting
the highest number of votes in the Coun-
on- cil election at Gamboa will serve as vice
Kie- president of the Council.
ma Here is a brief rundown of election
on plans, council by council, other than the
pi- Pacific Council:
for Gamboa: Voters will elect a president,
on two councilmen to three-year terms, and
n. five alternates who will serve for one year.
Margarita: Will elect eight councilmen
and four alternates.
Gatun: A two-shift town, Gatun plans
to hold its election October 31-November
1, or the Friday and Saturday preceding
November 4. Voters will elect 10 mem-
bers to two-year terms.
Coco Solo: Will name 12 councilmen to
two-year terms.
All of the Latin American commun-
ities will ballot November 4. Following
the elections of the new councils, the
S president and two representatives of
each council will convene to name new
officers of the Congress of Civic Coun-
Rainbow City: Will elect 15 councilmen
to two-year terms each. The Rainbow
City district will name five councilmen;
I Rainbow City Heights, three; Camp
Coiner, four; Chagres-Mindi, one; and
Camp Bierd, two.
Santa Cruz: Will elect six candidates to
ard two-year terms and six alternates for one
us- year each.
im- Paraiso: Will name 15 candidates to
tic two-year terms and six alternates for one
ton year each.
on. Pedro Miguel: Will name three coun-
cilmen to two-year terms and three alter-
13 nates who will serve one year each. ,

October 3, 1958



August 15 through September 15

Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between August 15 and September
15 are listed below. Within-grade promo-
tions are not reported.
Mrs. Olga P. Stallworth, Mrs. Harriet S.
Journey, Mrs, Mary E. Horine, Mrs. Ro-
sanne F. Masenga, Mrs. Patricia A. Van
Cott, Mrs. Betty R. de Vane, Mrs. Eliza-
beth N. Benson, Mrs. Jeanne F. Downey,
Mrs. Sally R. Hudson, Mrs. Jeanne M.
Collins, Mrs. Meryl S. Jackson, from Sub-
stitute Teacher to Elementary School
Teacher, Division of Schools.
Mrs. Jean A. Liesner, from Recreation
Assistant to Elementary School Teacher,
Division of Schools.
Mrs. Cornelia A. Banks, from Kinder-
garten Assistant to Elementary School
Teacher, Division of Schools.
George W. Bland, Jr., from Substitute
Distribution Clerk to Window Clerk, Postal
Mrs. Joan R. Cartotto, Clerk Stenog-
rapher, from Division of Schools to Office
of Director of Posts.
Alfredo Cragwell, from High School
Teacher to Occupational High School As-
sistant Principal, Division of Schools.
Felix C. Louis, from Keypunch Operator
to Tabulating Equipment Operator, Ac-
counting Division.
William I. Hollowell, from Lead Foreman
to Lead Foreman III, Water System, Wa-
ter and Laboratories Branch, Maintenance
Preston J. Barker, from Lead Foreman
III to General Foreman, Water System,
Water and Laboratories Branch, Mainte-
nance Division.
Ralph E. Furlong, from Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, Locks Division, to Construc-
tion Inspector (general), Contract and In-
spection Division.
Laurel L. Highley, from Pipefitter to
Combination Welder II, Maintenance Di-
Jack B. Love, from Apprentice to Power
and Communication Cablesplicer, Electri-
cal Division.
James C. Foster, from Electrical Engi-
neer, 60-cycle Design Branch, to General
Engineer, Electrical-Mechanical Branch.
Mrs. Florence M. Redmond, from Typ-
ist, Office of Engineering and Construction
Director, to Clerk-Typist, Engineering Di-
Edward K. Wilburn, from Senior Tow-
boat Master to Towboat or Ferry Master,
Dredging Division.
Edwin C. Tompkins, from Engineer,
Pipeline Suction Dredge, to First Assistant
Engineer, Pipeline Dredge, Dredging Di-
Thomas B. McAndrews, from Towboat
Master to First Mate, Salvage Towboat,
Dredging Division.
James M. Little, from Senior Master,
Craneboat Atlas, to Towboat or Ferry
Master, Dredging Division.
Mrs. Katherine A. Lessiack, Clerk-Sten-
ographer, from Administrative Branch to
Executive Planning Staff.
Mrs. Betty M. Rathgeber, from Clerk
(Typing) to File Clerk, Internal Security
Mrs. Blanche A. McIntire, from File
Clerk to Personnel Security Specialist, In-
ternal Security Office.
Dorothy A. Miller, from Student Assist-
ant, Pacific Locks, to Clerk, CLE, Gorgas
Dr. Myron J. Szczukowski, from Chief,
Radiology Service, Coco Solo Hospital, to
Chief, Radiology Service, Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Patrice C. Wallace, from Staff

Nurse to Staff Nurse (Medicine and Sur-
gery), Gorgas Hospital.
Winnifred E. Seeley, from Head Nurse
(Medicine and Surgery) to Public Health
Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Catherine J. Mitchusson, from
Staff Nurse (Medicine and Surgery) to
Head Nurse (Emergency Room), Gorgas
Joseph M. Corrigan, from Window Clerk,
Postal Division, to, Junior Sanitation In-
spector, Division of Sanitation.
Billy D. Bell and Herman R. Wakem,
from Towing Locomotive Operator to
Guard, Locks Security Branch.
Douglas S. Smith, from Machinist to
Machinist Foreman, Atlantic Locks.
Leonides Critides, from Towboat Master
to Pilot-in-Training, Navigation Division.
John A. Boswell, from Machinist to Ma-
chinist Foreman, Pacific Locks.
George A. Smith, from Machinist Fore-
man to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks.
Hermanus A. Kleefkens, from Marine
Traffic Controller to Supervisory Marine
Traffic Controller, Navigation Division.
Edward H. Bensen, from Cribtender
Foreman, Terminals Division, to Marine
Traffic Controller, Navigation Division.
Eileen M. Damerau, from Student As-
sistant, Administrative Branch, to Super-
visory Selling Assistant, Supply Division.
Richard S. Brogie, from Time, Leave,
and Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch, to Hous-
ing Management Aid, Community Service
Mrs. Hazel M. Myers, from Counter
Attendant to Section Head, Supply Di-
Promotions which did not involve change
in title follow:
Harvey E. Beall, Marine Inspection As-
sistant, Navigation Division.
Edgar R. McArthur, Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch.
Merwin A. French, Supervisory Marine
Traffic Controller, Navigation Division.


William H. Casswell, Illinois; Chief, Fire
Division; 34 years, 5 months; Long Island,
New York.
John C. Dansby, Alabama; Lead Fore-
man Carpenter, Maintenance Division; 22
years, 1 month; future address undecided.
Edward E. Eder, New Jersey; Supply
Officer, Housewares, Supply Division; 32
years, 11 months, 8 days; future address
Sgt. William E. Hughes, Texas; Senior
Traffic Officer, Cristobal Police District;
22 years, 10 months, 20 days; future ad-
dress undecided.
William F. Mornhinweg, New York;
Chief Foreman, Locks Operations, Pacific
Locks; 29 years, 5 months, 29 days; Delray
Beach, Fla.


Cr i.s-ta. .- . . October 8
co ... . . . O ober 15
Cristobal .- ------------------October 25
Ancon ----------------------- October 7
Cristobal --------------------October 17
Ancon ------------------- October 24
Southbound ships which leave New York Friday
are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti.
Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after
clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from
Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear
Cristobal Wednesday.,


William Coffy, top man on this month's
list of anniversaries, has spent most of his
career-and the greater part of his adult
life-as a signalman on the banks of the
Panama Canal.
If he had been on duty every day between
July 1, 1926 and last June 30-which of
course he has not-
S- he could have seen
n j241,124 -hips of all
size, nations, and
S.:atre.ories- transit
p .the great waterway.
From his station
Sat La Pita, he
imainLains an alert
atch for slides,
1f I o;s, fires, unauth-
,rized small craft,
.--.. .- -.- ---iand all hazards to
navigation, in addi-
tion to seeing to it that the transiting ships
are told when to stop, when to proceed, and
when to proceed .,with caution.
In his capacity as go-between between
ships and handlers, he had built up an im-
pressive safety record. Not long ago, he
received a Gold Key and a certificate that
he had completed 30 years of service with-
out an accident.
Born in Portsmouth, Va., he came to the
Canal Zone in 1926, following nine years
of service in the Navy.
Trouble on the line? Electrical circuits
out of order? Call Frank Cunningham.
For this fine craftsman, with a headful of
curly silver locks, has been familiar with
the Panama Canal's electrical distribution
system for a good
many years. He
started his Canal
career as a rotting
locomotf'e opera-
torat Gatuin Locks.
joined the Elec tri-
cal Div-i-on forces
in 1923 and is noa
Supervisor of the
Southern District
for the Division's
Work Branch
For outstanding -
accident prevention
efforts as a supervisor of the Balboa Field
Office during 1957, Mr. Cunningham re-
ceived an Industrial Accident Prevention
Certificate of Award.
When he isn't tracing down trouble in
the field, he devotes his spare time to two
hobbies, photography and cooking. A mem-
ber of the Camera Club, he has made most
of the club's trips-from Guatemala to
Peru-and as far as cooking is concerned,
he is much in demand when it comes to
corbina, fried in deep golden fat.
A native of Sedalia, Mo., he came to the
Isthmus while he was serving in the Army's
Coast Artillery Corps and was stationed at
Fort Amador.
If you are a patron of the Balboa Post
Office and have any complaints about lost
or damaged mail, the man to see is James
D. Dunaway, Window Services Clerk in
Charge at the Balboa Post Office. A native
of Canse, Ala., he came to the Canal Zone
in 1930 from Fort Myers, Fla., where he
had been with the postal service. Although
his Canal Zone service is broken, it has all
been with the Postal Division.
Andrew A. Whitlock, September's other
35-year man, is Plant Engineer with the
Industrial Division. Born in Newcastle,
N. H., he came to the Isthmus in the early
1920's with his Army family. He held a
summer job as clerk in the Balboa shops
and liked it so well that he later took an
apprenticeship as a draftsman. He has
held a number of positions, all with the
same Division, and has served as a Marine
Draftsman, Designer, Materials Engineer,
and Production Superintendent. He has
been in his present post since 1950. On

14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 3, 1958


October 3, 1958


(Continued from page 4) system for radio
and microwave relayed reporting of rain-
fall and river levels from remote weather
stations on Gatun and Madden Lakes.
Forty of these stations are already
located at strategic positions on the
Lake's watersheds, but only five of the
40 stations have communication facil-
ities. The telephone lines to these five
stations are over 25 years old and are
unreliable, especially at flood periods.
And flood periods are just when de-
pendable information is most necessary
to the operation of the Canal.
The proposed radio and microwave re-
porters would transmit data on rainfall
amounts and water stages in code by
radio at intervals throughout the day.
The data would be coordinated in the
Meteorology and Hydrographic Office.
Information obtained over this system
would insure a more efficient operation
of such flood control facilities as Madden
and Gatun Dams. Thes9 reservoirs could
then be controlled so as to provide max-
imum water for shipping and for hydro-
electric power.

Hospital Accredited

"This is a great day for the Atlantic during the accreditation ceremony
side," a man from Margarita told Canal when Governor Potter presented the
Zone Health Director C. 0. Bruce one official certificate of approval. Accredi-
day last month. The occasion was the station, Colonel Bruce said, guarantees
accreditation of Coco Solo Hospital by that a hospital is "well-run, well-
the Joint Commission on Accreditation organized, well-equipped, and well-
of Hospitals. Above is a picture taken staffed."

several occasions he has been acting Chief
of the Division.
Three of the month's 30-year employees
are secondgeneration Canal employees and
one of them is a native Zonian. Alphabet-
William B. Allen, whose father, William
D., was a painter here, was born in New
York but came to the Isthmus when he
was six years old. He attended the Canal
Zone schools and held his first summer job
when he was still not in his 'teens. He is
now Supervisory Storage Officer in the
Storehouse Branch of the Supply Division.
Owen J. Corrigan was born in Ancon,
son of J. P. Corrigan, later Chief Sanitary
Inspector. He held summer jobs but all of
his adult service has been with the Indus-
trial Division with which he is now an
Peter de Stefano, Assistant Comptroller,
New York Accounting Officer, and Acting
Administrative Officer of the New York
Operations, has unbroken service with the
Panama Canal Company with the excep-
tion of two years in the Navy during World
War II. Born and raised in Brooklyn, he
got his first Canal Company job in 1928,
as an office boy. He attended New York
University in the evenings, majoring in
Accounting, Commercial Law, and related
subjects. He was made Auditor of the
New York Office in 1943; his title was
changed to that of Assistant Comptroller,
New York Office, in January 1957. He has
been acting Administrative Officer of the
New York Operations for the past year.
Herbert 0. Engelke, Lead Foreman in
the Industrial Division's Paint Shop, is the
third second-generation employee. Born in
Washington, he came here when he was
three years old. His father, H. N. Engelke,
was a Machinist with the old Mechanical
Division. The younger Engelke served an
apprenticeship here, following summer jobs
as a youngster.
Beverly C. Halliday, Supervisory Pur-
chasing Agent with the Supply Division,
has been an Isthmian since 1940 when he
joined the Commissary Division as an Ac-
counting Clerk. He had previously been in
the accounting end of the Bureau of Biolo-
gical Survey, later the Fish and Wildlife
Service. Mr. Halliday was born in Wheat-
land, N. D.
September was Silver Anniversary month
for a round dozen Zonians:
Robert C. Carter, who was born in Colon,
is a second-generation employee. Son of J.
W. Carter, a Master of Tugs, he is now
Steam Locomotive Crane Operator in the
Marine Bureau.
Ernest L. Cotton, another native Colon-

ite, is also another second-generation em-
ployee. His father, also Ernest, was Printer
at the Mount Hope Printing Plant until his
recent retirement. The younger Cotton is
now one of the Fire Division's four cap-
tains and is stationed in Cristobal.
Harry C. Egolf, though born in Reading,
Pa., came here as a small boy with his
parents; his father, Leon J., was a Lock-
master. The younger Egolf was a member
of the first class of the Canal Zone Junior
College. He is now Superintendent of the
Housing Branch of the Community Serv-
ices Division.
Sigurd E. Esser, whose service is un-
broken, not only with the Canal organiza-
tion but also with the Division of Schools,
is now Superintendent of that Division.
He came here as a teacher in 1933 and was
later Principal of Balboa High School.
Edward B. Frampton, who was born in
Nu Mine, Pa., came to the Isthmus with
the Army and later worked for the Depart-
ment Engineers. He is a Towing Locomo-
tive Operator at the Pacific Locks. His
Canal service is unbroken.
Mrs. Dorothy M. Hall, Clerk-Stenogra-
pher in the Dredging Division, comes from
Redding, Calif. Although her Canal serv-
ice is not continuous, it has all been in the
clerical end of the Dredging Division.
Russell C. Meissner, now a Lockmaster
at the Pacific Locks, has unbroken service
with the Canal and with the Locks Divis-
ion. He has held the posts of wireman and
control house operator. He is a native of
Fort Howard, Md.
Henri C. Moehrke, whose home town is
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., has held a number of
jobs both in the field and in the office end
of the Dredging Division. He has served
as wiper fireman, oiler, watch engineer,
chief towboat engineer, accounting clerk,
among other positions, and is now an En-
gineer on a floating crane.
Dr. Dorothy B. Moody, a native of Ten-
exa, Kans., is Dean of Women at the Canal
Zone Junior College and the only member
still here of the College's original faculty.
Her service in the Canal organization is
John Palmer Smith, Jr., Chief of the
Division of Sanitation, comes from Charles-
ton, S. C., and still thinks it's about the
only place in the world. With the exception
of a short time in the Office Engineering
Division, all of his service has been with
the Division he has headed since 1951.
During the war he was on active duty with
,the Army, but assigned to the Canal organ-
Carl H. Starke, whose hometown is Cin-
cinnati, Ohio, is a Boilermaker and Diver
in the Industrial Division. Except for sum-
mer jobs when he was a boy, all of his adult
service has been with that Division; he


served an apprenticeship here. He was re-
cently commended for his part in saving the
life of a Venezuelan diver, brought here in
critical condition after an attack of bends.
Joseph W. Van Geel, wireman in the
Locks Division, is a comparative newcomer
to the Canal organization but has years of
previous Federal service in the States. He
joined the Canal force in 1953 as a plant
electrician in the Commissary Division and
later served in that same capacity with the
Maintenance Division. He comes from
Philadelphia, Pa.
School teachers are featured in the 25-
20- and 15-year anniversaries for Septem-
ger. The teacher with 20 years service is
Oswald E. Jorstad, Senior High School
Teacher with the Division of Schools who
has continuous service. He is a native of
McIntosh, Minn.
Other 20-year employees are: Carl J.
Browne, of Avon, N. Y., Superintendent of
the Balboa Field Office of the Maintenance
Division; Marguerite Flynn, Time, Leave,
and Payroll Clerk with the Payroll Branch,
a native of Dickinson, N. D., whose service
is continuous; Harry A. Dockery, with un-
broken government service, a native Zon-
ian born in Ancon, Assistant Supply Officer
with the Supply Division; Laurel L. High-
ley, Welder with the Maintenance Divis-
ion, who was born in Ludlow, Ky.; Volkert
F. G. Jacobs, whose birthplace is Germany,
Pilot with the Navigation Division; Nor-
man McLaren, with continuous service,
who came to the Canal Zone from Dundee,
Scotland, Locks Operator with the Locks
Division; Theodore W. Schmidt, of Balti-
more, Md., Foreman Electrician with the
Electrical Division; Homer H. Summer-
ford, Policeman with the Police Division
whose hometown is Pitts, Ga.; Bennett J.
Williams, of Cambridge, Mass., Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Accounting Di-
vision, whose service is continuous; John
B. Willis, Towing Locomotive Operator
with the Locks Division, of Waynesboro,
Ga.; and James A. Yates, a native of Phil-
adelphia, Pa., Employee Utilization Repre-
sentative with the Personnel Bureau whose
service is unbroken.
Two of the four employees who completed
15 years of service in September are Penn-
sylvanians. They are: Lewis E. Fontaine,
Chief of Dental Service at Gorgas Hospital,
of Charleroi, Pa., and Luke C. Palumbo,
High School Teacher in the Division of
Schools whose hometown is Mahoningtown,
Pa. Both men have continuous service.
Other 15-year employees are Joseph A.
Plaisance, Wireman-with the Electrical Di-
vision who is a native of Berlin, N. H., and
Wilton T. Strickland, Lead Foreman Elec-
trician with the Maintenance Division,
whose home is in Waycross, Ga.


October 3, 1958


Locks Lighting
New lighting systems, both for the
entire locks area and for the lock walls
are now being tested at Pedro Miguel
Locks. If satisfactory, the lighting sys-
tems will be installed at all Locks when
the Locks power system is converted to
60-cycle current.
The area lighting is designed to, provide
general illumination while that for the
faces of the locks walls is designed to cut
down on shadows. The area illumination
has proved highly satisfactory, according
to representatives of both the Marine
Bureau and the Engineering and Con-
struction Bureau. Tests on the lighting
of the wall faces are just starting.
In addition to lighting on the Locks
proper, night lighting for Gaillard Cut
is also being tested. Tests will be re-
sumed early this month with additional
fixtures. These tests will be conducted
at "Coal Hoist Bend," which connects
Empire and Culebra Reaches.
Annual Re-do
One of the Industrial Division's regu-
lar customers has just completed its
annual drydocking and minor overhaul.
The ship is the Juanita Beazley, a 1,236-
ton tanker under the Ecuadorean flag.
She is owned by the Anglo-Ecuadorean
Oil Fields and is engaged in regular
coastal and river runs in Ecuador.
The 234-foot tanker, which carries a
crew of about 20, comes to the Canal
Zone each year for bottom scraping and
checking in the Industrial Division's dry-
dock. Local agents are W. Andrews & Co.
Little Visitor
Seeming almost too small to have
undertaken such a trip, and to be so far
from home, was one of the Canal's trans-
its last month-possibly the smallest com-
mercial craft ever to pass through the
Canal on an around-the-world trip.

She was the 200-foot Alsterpark, a
1,160-ton German freighter which carried
a crew of 14 on her northbound-and
maiden-trip through the Canal Septem-
ber 10. Her entire cargo consisted of
ammunition from Japan to Rotterdam.

New Customer
Due late this month from the Pacific
Northwest. is the Pacific Stronghold, latest
addition to the Furness Line's fleet. She
was southbound through the Canal Sep-
tember 4, on her maiden transit from the
United Kingdom with a load of general
The new cargo vessel is a sister ship of
the Pacific Envoy which also recently
made her first trip via the Canal on this
same route. The ships have a deadweight
tonnage of 11,270 tons and gross 9,439
tons. They are 501 feet overall and have
accommodations for 12 passengers.
In addition to their general cargo space,
they can accommodate 165,000 cubic feet
of refrigerated cargo. Furness Line ships
are handled locally by the Pacific Steam
Navigation Company.

Coming Soon
Four more steady customers will be
added to the Panama Canal's continually
growing list when conversion is finished
on four of the American President Line's
Mariner-type vessels. The four Mariners
have been on the West Coast to Far East
route but will enter the Line's round-the-
world service via the Canal after altera-
tions are complete. The changes to be
made in the ships are primarily rebuilding
of passenger and ship's officer accommo-
Conversion of the Magnolia Mariner
into an APL cargoliner is now underway
in an Alameda, Calif. shipyard. The
Hoosier Mariner is scheduled to follow
her and two more Mariners, the names
of which have not been announced, will

1957 1958

Commercial---- ---------
U. S. Government -------

Total -------
Commercial $3,604;700
U. S. Government 85,285

812 777
20 13

832 790


Total -- $3,689,985 $3,725,950
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial ---- 4,336,555 4,087,722
U. S. Government 66,851 78,627
Total--- 4,403,406 4,166,349

be the next to be remodeled. Four other
Mariners, now running as the Presidents
Jackson, Adams, Hayes, and Coolidge,
have already been converted and are on
the round-the-world service. Panama
Agencies are local agents for the Amer-
ican President Lines.

Strange Cargo
Although oil, ore, lumber, and wheat
rank high on the list of cargo carried
through the Panama Canal, they are out-
numbered by that all-inclusive classifica-
tion known as miscellaneous. "Miscella-
neous" can, and does, include almost any-
thing. Last month, for an instance, ships
transiting the Canal carried:
Ten tons of carraway seeds from Hol-
land to the United States west coast;
38 tons of brake fluid from the United
States to Saigon; 227 tons of locomotives
consigned to Pakistan from the United
States; 30 tons of motorscooters from
Italy to California. Other odd cargo in-
cluded: 10 tons of used clothing for Pu-
san, Korea; 25 tons of pineapple syrup
from Havana to Los Angeles; and 8 tons
of baled herbs from California to France.

The model room at Diablo Heights is a mecca for newcomers. Spreadjbefore their eyes is a miniature of the Canal and
its surroundings. Here, Lt. Gov. John D. McElheny explains the big relief map to a group of new arrivals on the Zone.


October 3,1958