Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00188
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1958
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00188
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text


* A A i A




0 -m

. V

Twenty-five years ago this month-on
September 26, 1933-65 young men and
women sat in the patio of what is now the
Balboa Elementary School, making history.
That they were 24 hours late making it
was no fault of theirs. A Caribbean hur-
ricane had delayed the arrival of the SS
Cristobal which had aboard 42 Canal
Zone teachers, including some of the men
and women who were to embark this first
class of the Canal Zone Junior College
on the first collegiate curriculum ever
given in the Canal Zone.
The young collegians were probably
quite aware of the significance of this
"inaugural assembly." For over two
years parents and civic organizations had
advocated, urged, and argued that a col-
lege course was a necessary part of the
education of the young people of the Zone.
More than 300 persons turned out for
the first college assembly, aside from
the students and the college faculty,
which was headed by Howard G. Spald-
ing. He had been assigned the duties
of "principal" of the new Junior Col-
lege along with his other responsibili-
ties as principal of the Balboa elemen-
tary, junior, and senior high schools.
The main speaker for this momentous
occasion was Gov. Julian L. Schley. For
the time being, he told the Canal Zone's
first college class, their school buildings
were "not what they should be." This
unfortunate situation would be remedied
soon by completion of a frame building
(now the Junior High School) and an ap-
propriation from the National Recovery
Public Works coffers would enable a Sci-
ence Building (now the college's main
building) to be ready for their second
year, he said.
The limited physical facilities of the
new college, however, did not prevent it
from becoming an instrument of inter-
national friendship.
"While this Junior College is estab-
lished primarily for the sons and daugh-
ters of our employees," the Governor
said, "we have considered it desirable to
open its doors to the sons and daughters
of our neighbors in Panama and other
nearby countries. We have unsurpassed
opportunities here for the cultivation of
friendly relations with our neighbors and I
sincerely hope that every student of this
College and High School will try to culti-
vate the friendship and goodwill of these
young men and women from other lands."
Of the Junior College's first class,
two were Panamanian citizens. This

number has steadily grown; last year's
graduating class of 43, members, in-
cluded eight citizens of Panama.
For a number of reasons-money, de-
parture from the Canal Zone, transfers
to States colleges or other reasons-a
little less than one-third of the first class
completed the two-year curriculum. Of
the original 65, 21 were graduated; they
were joined, during their second year, by
three others who had transferred from
the United States, to make up the even
two dozen in the first graduating class.
To celebrate the Silver Anniversary of
the Canal Zone Junior College, THE
to trace the whereabouts of that original
group. No attempt was made to trace
the original faculty; of the six original
faculty members only Dr. Dorothy
Moody, now Dean of Women, is still on
the College Staff. (While not exactly a
faculty member, Sigurd E. Esser, now
Superintendent of Schools, had a part in
the education of this first group. After
class hours he acted as coach and physi-
cal education instructor.)
Thirteen of the first class of the
Junior College hold jobs with the
Canal organization; two work for other
Government agencies in the Canal
Zone. A number of others are working
in Panama. The remainder are scat-
tered, as far away as Saudi Arabia and
In a few cases, no information was
available on some of the original class,
despite the assistance of scores of the
Canal Zone young oldtimers-whose help
is hereby gratefully acknowledged.





The Graduates
Carlos A. Arroyo: A graduate of the Jun-
ior College, with honors, he received a BS
degree in Engineering from the University
of California at Berkeley. He has been em-
ployed by the Arabian American Oil Com-
pany in Saudi Arabia for about 11 years
as an engineer and is one of the company's
administrative officers. He has become a
U. S. citizen, is married, has two children,
and now lives in Rastanura, Saudi Arabia.
Frederick B. Banan, Jr.: His is the first
name on the College's Honor Plaque. He
graduated in Engineering from Worcester
Polytechnic Institute. His last address was
Dorothy May Becker: She was graduated
from high school in Cressona, Pa.; took a
Liberal Arts Course here.
John Crede Calhoun: A graduate in Lib-
eral Arts, he later attended Brooklyn Col-
lege. He lives in Bella Vista, is married,
and has two children. He is employed by
the Navy Public Works at Rodman as a
Shop Planner.
Bruce D. Crook: A graduate of the Col-
lege's Commercial course, he later attended
Temple and New York Universities. He is
married to the former Jean Stillwell and
lives in Ukiah, Calif., where he has his own
public accounting business. He has two
Howard Daniels: Another graduate of
the Commercial course, he later graduated
from the University of Texas and holds his
Ph.D. from that university. He has been
chairman of the Accounting Department of
the University of Houston since 1948.
William Francis Daniels: A graduate in
Science-Engineering, he took an apprentice-
ship as a shipwright, worked for the Me-
chanical Division and was a dockmaster
when he left the Canal service in 1946.
William Henry DeVore: A graduate of
the Commercial course, he finished his col-
lege career at the Wharton School of Finance
and Commerce of the University of Penn-
sylvania. He is an accountant in the Re-
porting and Special (See page 1)

Ss "Do you remember ?" said
George Noey. on the for left of the
picture, to Freddiie Mead, as the)
SL met the other day at the Canal Zone
S Junior College. The College's Dean,
Roger C. Hackett, could barely get
a word in edgenide.
Mir. Novey, now one of Panama
Cit)'s leading businessmen, and Mr.
Mead, viho has over 25 years of
Canal service, including credit for
summer vacation jobs, "ere mem-
bers of the first class whichh entered
the Junior College 25 years ago this
Mr. Hackett came here in 1930 to
teach at Cristobal High School. In
1935 he became an instructor at the
Junior College, and in February
1941, "as made its Dean.
... 2 September 5, 1958

BENIEFITS At least $22,750,000 flows into Republic

FOR through payrolls, contracts, and purchases


The economy of the Republic of Pan-
ama received direct benefits from the
Canal organization during the past fiscal
year of at least $22,750,000. This sum
includes the payrolls of the locality-rate
employees, purchases made in Panama
by the Company-Government and con-
tracts for work performed in the Canal
Zone for the Panama Canal Company
and the Canal Zone Government.
It excludes the $1,930,000 annuity paid
to the Republic of Panama by the United
States, the payrolls of the employees paid
at United States rates, or private expend-
itures made by employees in the Republic
for hundreds of items-from automobiles
to oranges.
It also excludes purchases made by
other U. S. Government agencies in the
Canal Zone, contractors, or individuals.
The largest item in this $22,750,000
was the payroll for the employees who
were paid at locality rates. During the
fiscal year which ended June 30, this
payroll totaled $17,181,759. Of these
9,584 employees, the majority live in
the Republic of Panama. Their take-
home pay, therefore, goes directly into
the Republic to pay for shelter, food,
clothing, and many other items of
daily living.
Next largest category in money flowing
from the Canal Zone into Panama was
in contracts awarded during the past
fiscal year.
The annual report of the Contract and
Inspection Division for the fiscal year of
1958 showed that 88 construction and
maintenance contracts were awarded dur-
ing the past year, with a total value of
$4,107,000. These represented more than
three times the $1,290,000 value of those
awarded during the previous fiscal year.
In addition to these contracts, work
was completed during fiscal year 1958 on

54 other contracts carried over from the
preceding fiscal year. This work amounted
to $1,436,000. The contract figures do
not include any work performed on the
Power Conversion Project.
During the past fiscal year, contracts
and their values in dollars were listed
by the Contract and Inspection Divi-
sion as follows: 45 painting contracts,
$342,000; 45 construction and mainte-
nance contracts, $3,445,000; six electri-
cal contracts, $250,000; and four plumb-
ing contracts, $70,000.
In the same period Panamanian em-
ployees working on these contracts
earned a total of $785,245.
While no itemized list was made of the
value of the materials manufactured or
produced in Panama which are used reg-
ularly in Canal Zone construction proj-
ects, this steadily-growing list includes
the following: Portland cement, coarse
and fine aggregate, concrete block, terra
cotta tile, lumber and other woods, ply-
wood, paint, precast concrete louvres,
cement floor tile, terrazo floor tile, terra
cotta ornamental units, precast stone
(masonry), brick, precast concrete laundry-
trays, and concrete pipe.
In addition, the following construction
materials are assembled in Panama and
are usually purchased in the Republic by
the Canal organization: aluminum win-
dows, millwork in general (wood doors,
door frames, cabinets, louvres, trim),
sheetmetal in general (ducts, gravel stops,
gutters, downspouts), aluminum framed
glass doors, aluminum front sash, Aluma-
life roofing, stainless steel cabinets and
tables, iron grillwork, and miscellaneous
items in quantities that do not require
States orders.
The other of the three big categories
which made up the $22,750,000 expendi-
ture was the $1,462,000 spent during the

past fiscal year in the direct purchase of
consumer goods from the Republic of
Panama. Over and above this amount,
the Canal organization spent $103,000 for
services-such work as typewriter and
machine repairs and servicing.
Inasmuch as fiscal year 1958 was the
first full year in which the effects of
the curtailment of sales in retail stores
and service centers were felt, this
$1,462,000 spent for purchases of con-
sumer goods was $908,000 less than
during the previous fiscal year.
In accordance with provisions of the
1955 Treaty, non-U. S. citizen employees
of the Canal organization residing in the
Republic have not been permitted to
make purchases in the Canal Zone's re-
tail stores since December 31, 1956. At
that time, official estimates indicated that
commissary-retail store-sales would be
cut by approximately $12 million yearly,
which would of course accrue to Pana-
manian merchants.
During the first six months after the
restriction on purchases became effective,
Canal Zone purchases in Panama were
approximately $650,000 less than in the
corresponding period of the preceding fis-
cal year. If this rate had continued, the
difference for an entire year's period
would have been $1,300,000.
The drop in purchases of consumer
goods, however, has not been proportion-
ate to the decline in commissary, or retail
stores, sales due to the sales promotion
given by the Supply Division to Pana-
manian products, the increased number
of items available, and a gradually
increasing volume of purchases of some
consumer items.
Purchases of several of Panama's staple
items have not decreased proportionately
to the drop in retail outlet sales.
Meat, for instance, shows (See page 10)

You can play bridge at the beach and get a sun tan at the same time. From left: Janeth Vinton, University of Wisconsin;
Judy Lindsay, Whitworth College; Shirley Harned, Alabama Polytech; and Marjorie Ely, University of Colorado.



Peggy Ann Donovan, left, St. Mary's of Notre Dame,
and Martha Hackett, Vassar, decide that the coat
Peggy)Ann is wearing is just the thing for fall wear.

in reverse

Home Leave doesn't always mean that one heads
for the States, as fast as plane or ship can carry one.
For a good many of the Canal Zone's younger gen-
eration, home is right here, and here is where they
head for their Home Leave just as soon as their col-
leges and universities close each summer.
Some of them got jobs. This year there were 43
in summer jobs with the Canal organization. Others
simply loafed. Some turned-to around the house, es-
pecially the girls.
They swam. They slept. They tanned. They drove
to Santa Clara and El Valle. They got together,
afternoons and evenings, in groups of two to two-score.
They danced-how they danced! Wherever Lucho
Azcarraga and his orchestra were playing, there were
Mike Witkin, Washington and Jefferson, a pre-med stu-
dent, helped out at the Corozal Small Animal Hospital.

Sandy Hinkle, Duke, got engineering experience check-
ing core drillings for the new bridge over the Canal.

Sarah Collinge, University of Colorado, worked in
the summer recreation program at Diablo Heights.

sure to be dozens of this young crowd; after all, his
music is the music they grew up to. ,.
They went to "Carnavalito." They spent hours
planning how they would dress, and Finally decided
that the "Old Woman and The Shoe" would be an
appropriate theme. They planned a float and made
it do double duty, at the Union Club and at El Panama-
They are scattering now, but they'll be back. For
them, Home Leave means the Isthmus.

Melinda Marshall, Woman's College, University of
North Carolina, had an office job at the Building.
When Lucho is playing you'll always find a college crowd. This group was warming up before they scattered to get into
their costumes for the Carnavalito. From left: Sheila Snyder, a senior at Balboa High School; Dick Wright, Dartmouth;
Dick Grassau, home from Notre Dame; Marjorie Ely, University of Colorado, Lynn Jones, Pratt; David Yerkes, Kansas
State; Chris Hearon, Dartmouth; Linda Drum, Sophie Newcomb; Janet Stockham, Bucknell; Bob Strumpf, Dartmouth.

Roosevelt Centennial
Plans moving ahead for local
celebration in November

Enthusiasm for the forthcoming Canal
Zone observance of Theodore Roosevelt
onstrated by the widespread response to
the Memorial Committee's invitation for
program suggestions and participants. D O U I Al
The Canal Zone Committee is coordi- DID YOU KNOW ?
nating its plans with the Theodore Roos-
evelt Centennial Commission appointed Each tire of the average car has less rubber on the road than
in the United States by President Eisen- the sole and heel of a man's size-nine shoe?
hower. Special invitations to the local
celebration are being extended to the
three surviving Roosevelt children: Mrs.
Alice Roosevelt Longworth of Washing-
ton, D. C.; Mrs. Ethel Roosevelt Derby of
Oyster Bay, Long Island, N. Y.; and Ar-
chibald Roosevelt of Cold Spring Harbor,
Long Island, N. Y.
Presidents of the 11 Panama Canal so-
cieties in the United States are being
canvassed to determine the interest
among retired construction-day employ-
ees-particularly those who are Roose-
evelt Medal holders-in attending the
November 9-15 activities. Fred DeV.
Sill, a member of the local committee,
has written the various Society presidents when you are on the highway, remember that your
that if sufficient interest is manifested, an car has only four feet on the ground for emergency stops.
effort will be made to extend a special
round-trip rate on the Panama Line to The Safety Coordinator
enable former construction-day employees Sacramento, Calif.
and their wives to make a pilgrimage to
the Canal Zone for this special occasion. DID YOU ALSO KNOW THAT
The week-long series of events, which
will emphasize the role of President Roos- at 60 miles per hour, your car will travel about 66
evelt in the building of the Panama Canal, feet at that speed, between the time you start to move your
will feature activities on both sides of the foot from the accelerator until it reaches the brake pedal?
Many Canal Zone organizations have a rolling ball is almost always followed by a running
notified the Memorial Committee that child?
they are planning tributes to the former
President during the November 9-15 per- objects on the back shelf of a car shoot forward
iod and numerous individuals throughout inside the car like missiles when a very sudden stop is made?
the organization have submitted ideas to
be incorporated in the program. The pro- it's a loose nut at the wheel that causes many high-
gram now being drafted designates a dif- way accidents?
ferent daily theme stressing a specific
quality of resident Roosevelt's char- an idling engine will use almost a quart of gasoline
in two ten-minute stops?

there are four powerful but invisible riders in your
Sf car with you at all times; friction (for braking), centrifugal force
N ew Chief (on curves), the pull of gravity (on hills), and the force of im-
pact (when you make a mistake)? Treat them with respect-
they get out of hand very quickly.

'58 '57 '58 57 '58 '*57 '58 '57
S Health ------------- (Honor Roll) 20 16 0 0 0 0 3 1
S Marine ----------------------90(28) 88 1 3 26 18 30(13) 22
Supply& Community Service .-------- 39 39 1 0 6 0 5 7
Civil Affairs -------....-----------------.. 7 13 1 2 1 10 13 5
Transportation& Terminals----------- 48 64 2 5 29 56 10 15
Engineering& Construction-----------........... 16 26 2 1 28 38 14 4
New York Operations .....-----------. .- 7 14 3 0 5 0 7 1
Accident Pool------------ ----- 1 6000* 1 -
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company-.. 230 260 11 11 6095* 122 83 55
Locks Overhaul Injuries included in total.
Capt. Geoffrey Thompson, USN, is the Fatality penalty charge included in total.
new chief of the Industrial Division. *Ftlypeaychreiludinoa
He recently arrived from California. 6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Seotember 5 1958



An entirely new departure in ship in-
spection has been initiated by the Pan-
ama Canal-radiological monitoring of
Members of the Canal Zone Civil
Defense Corps have been called upon
twice recently by the Captain of the
Port at Balboa to check cargo aboard
incoming vessels for possible dangerous
radiation. The job fell to the Civil De-
fense Unit since this is the only Canal
organization that has the equipment
as well as the necessary personnel
trained to handle radiation problems.
The first cargo was actually one of
very "hot" radioactive beryllium being
shipped from the West Coast to Antwerp.
The vessel was met in the bay anchorage
by Philip L. Dade, Chief of the Civil
Defense Unit, and James A. Brigman
and James Foster, both of the Engineer-
ing Division and both trained radiologi-
cal monitors. An inspection and check
of the shipment disclosed that it had
been carefully packed and shielded and
was being carried in a forward deckhouse
away from crew and passengers.
At the box itself, the readings disclosed
that the beryllium was giving off .2 of
a roentgen an hour. Outside and through
the steel walls of the deckhouse, the de-
tection instruments read .4 of a mili-
roentgen an hour. Neither of the readings
was considered dangerous to anyone not
in constant contact with the source and
was well within the accepted rate of ex-
posure in industrial usage of radioactive
The second ship checked also was met
at the anchorage by Mr. Dade and Mr.
Brigman, and the call this time was to
check a shipment of tea which had been
reported mildly radioactive by the Coast
Guard at California. The cargo had
been loaded at Shimitzu, Japan.
This time the monitors went into
the ship's hold to check the cargo.
The readings were found (See page 13)

Date Town Place
o10 Rainbow City School
x1 Santa Cruz Service Center
15 Paraiso School

Worth Knowing
Fewer employees are leaving the Canal service. Turnover rates
for the Canal force are the lowest for 13 years and the "quit" rate
is a "very low" 6.32 percent. This and a number of other interest-
ing facts on the Company-Government organization's personnel
are reported in a booklet, "Personnel Statistics," just issued by
the Personnel Bureau. For fiscal year 1958, the turnover rate for
U. S.-rate employees was 10.93 percent, compared with 11.50 per-
cent for the previous fiscal year. The Canal organization's highest
turnover rate was 45.53 percent, for fiscal year 1946.
Forty-six employees reached retirement age last year. They were
included in the "involuntary" separations, which totaled 162 for the
year. There were 11 deaths and 13 force reductions during the year
and 71 others left the service when their temporary jobs expired. The
voluntary separations for fiscal 1958 totaled 222 of the total of 384.
Locality-rate employees were stable, too. Among this group the
turnover rate was 12.5 percent for the past fiscal year; this is low
although there are no comparable tables for previous years. The
1,384 employees "separated" during the year included 182 "vol-
untary"-or resignations-which is 1.89 percent of the total force;
1,202 separations were classed as "involuntary." More than half
of the latter (613) were separated at the end of temporary employ-
ment-most of them locks-overhaul workers. Another 225 went
onto the disability relief rolls and 24 others died during the fiscal year.
Locality-rate employees are younger than their U. S. colleagues.
The average local-rate employee is 41 years old, the average U. S.-
employee is 44. Among the locality employees, 2,119 were in the
41-45 year bracket. In the U. S. group, there were more employees
(691) in the 46- to 50-year age-group than in any other single age
bracket. Of the locality employees, 66 full-time and 45 part-time
employees were 20 years old or younger, while 13 of the full-time
U. S. employees and 37 part-time employees were 20 or younger.
Wages are up. The wage average for U. S.-rate hourly employees
is now $3.53, compared with $1.85 in 1946; the average annual
salary is now $7,342 for all U. S. employees, compared with $3,848
in 1946. The hourly wage average for locality-rate workers is now
76 cents, compared with 38.8 cents in 1940, while the.annual salary
of this group has risen from $807 in 1946 to $1,581 in 1958.
Here's what to expect: Company-Government employees who
have attended management intern programs in Washington gath-
ered last month to give advice to the men selected for the five-
month program scheduled to start September 11. The all-afternoon
meeting was held at the Personnel Bureau Training Center. Seated
(left to right) are William E. Hall and Ralph K. Skinner, who will
be the Company-Government's interns in the coming program.

6:30 p. m.
8:oo p.m.
7:30 p. m.

Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone

W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant-Governor
Panama Canal Information Officer

J. RUFus HARDY, Editor
EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers,
Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10
days after publication date at 5 cents each. Sub-
scriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10
cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan-
ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor,
The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

September 5, 1958 7

Standing (left to right), are Lawrence Barca, Jr. (who attended
the 1955 intern program), William J. Powell (1958), Evlyn W.
Brandt (1956), Joseph M. Watson (1955), Donald M. Luke, named
as alternate for this Fall's program, Robert A. Stevens (1954),
J. Douglas Lord (1954), William A. Wichmann (1958), Paul H.
Friedman (1950), Loron B. Burnham, Training Officer, who led
the session, and Walter A. Dryja (1949).


The new high-level bridge over the
Canal at Balboa will soon begin to move
off engineers' drawing boards.
The alignment of the bridge has now
been decided upon and before the end of
this calendar year contractors will be asked
to bid upon the grading of the two ap-
proaches which will lead to the bridge itself.
A tentative schedule for the various
phases of the bridge construction has
been prepared by the engineering firm
of Sverdrup & Parcel of St. Louis. This
firm, which designed the bridge at Mira-
flores Locks, prepared the preliminary
plans and estimates for the new bridge
and are now working on its final plans,
specifications, and estimates.
A diagram showing the alignment of
the bridge and the approaches appears
above. Early last month, a group of
Panama Canal engineers, headed by
Governor Potter, briefed Panama's
Minister of Public Works, Roberto Lo-
pez Fabrega, and several of his asso-
ates on the bridge alignment, so that
Panama can coordinate its plans with
those of the Canal organization.
In the Panama Canal party were: Lt.
Gov. John D. McElheny; Lt. Col. R. D.
Brown, Jr Engineering and Construction
Director; J. M. Cooke, Designing Engi-
neer; A. R. Nard, Chief of the Civil En-
gineering Branch; E. B. Stevens, Chief
of the Structural Branch; R. G. Stewart,


Three-span arch truss bridge begins to in
is reached on alignment of approaches; firsi

Geologist, and Melvin Bierman, Traffic
The entire length of the bridge and its
approaches will be approximately two
miles. The approaches will be ramp-type
fills of earth, with maximum grades of
5 percent.
The Canal Zone east approach will start
from a point not far from "The Limits,"
the popular name for the intersection of
Balboa Road and Fourth of July Avenue.
It will skirt the western base of Reservoir
Hill and cross Gavilan Road west of the
Canal Zone Police pistol range. Gavilan
Road will dead-end at the fill carrying
the bridge approach.
The east approach will carry a climb-
ing and descending ramp, connecting
with Balboa Road and Fourth of July

Avenue, and a climbing and descend-
ing ramp connecting with Panama
City. About 100 feet from Gavilan
Road the climbing lane from Panama
City will cross over the descending
ramp to Balboa Road on an overpass
indicated on the diagram above.
The approach will cross Amador Road
as indicated and cross Empire Street just
north of the present gate to the Naval
Reservation. With construction of the
approach fill, Empire Street will become
dead-end. A few houses on Amador Road
and on Empire Street will be demolished
to allow space for the fill.
These houses are to be replaced by the
so-called "bridge replacement" quarters,
the first to be built in the new housing
area at La Boca, described in the August
issue of THE REVIEW.

8 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 5, 1958


September 5, 1958




0 100 5oo 0000 FT




off engineers' drawing boards as decision
s to be advertised during latter part of year

The bridge itself will begin at the first
tank on the north end of the tank farm.
It will cross the tank-farm area, necessi-
tating the relocation of certain of the fuel
storage tanks in this area.
As indicated by the diagram, the bridge
will cross the Canal on what designers
call a "skew."
On the west side of the bridge proper
the approach will cross the north side
of Farfan Hill, to join Thatcher High-
way about 400 yards north of the road
to Farfan Beach and the Palo Seco Lep-
rosarium. Since the Thatcher Ferry
will no longer be needed when the
bridge is completed, Thatcher Highway
will probably be abandoned between
the ferry and the intersection of the
The east approach will measure approx-

imately 3,800 feet, while the approach on
the west side of the bridge will be 2,500
feet in length.
According to the present construction
schedule, bids will be asked on the grad-
ing for the west approach in November.
This contract will be in the $250,000-
$500,000 range. The contract for this
work will be awarded early in the coming
calendar year; the approach grading
should take about six months.
The bridge approach on the east bank
will be advertised in December, with the
contract to be awarded about February.
The cost of this job will run between
$500,000 and $1 million.
By about April plans should be ad-
vanced sufficiently to permit advertising
for bids on the substructure of the bridge
itself. This job will be at the top of the


Panama Canal's contract grades-over
$1 million.
According to the present schedule
drawn up by Sverdrup & Parcel, all
design plans and specifications for the
bridge should be completed by about
July 1959. Work on the substructure
should begin about the middle of 1959;
this part of the work will take a little
less than two years. Field construction
of the bridge superstructure should be
started the latter part of 1960, with the
bridge to be completed late in 1962.
With the completion of the bridge,
experts estimate that traffic to and from
the interior of Panama will increase at
the rate of two percent a year; this in-
crease is aside from the vehicles which
will be using the Inter-American Highway.
Approximately 8,200 vehicles now cross
the Panama Canal via Miraflores Bridge
and Thatcher Ferry daily; peak traffic is
about 800 an hour. Of these, 2,300 per
day are what is known as "corridor traf-
fic," or traffic between the capital and the
Interior. The remainder is known as
"local traffic."
According to figures prepared by the
bridge designers, the "corridor" traffic
will increase to about 4,200 vehicles daily
in 30 years. By this time, traffic on the
Inter-American Highway route will add
another 200 cars per day. Local traffic
is not expected to show any substantial
change from the present figures.

v, ~~ ~ E S ... .....OACH



September 5, 1958


A bowl football game will be part of
the United Fund campaign this year.
Above, John Pettingill Bowl Chair-
man, displays the trophy which will
be awarded to the winning team.

(Continued from page 8) a decrease of
slightly less than $10,000 in the past year.
During fiscal year 1957, the Canal organ-
ization spent a total of $486,308 in the
Republic for meat, meat products, and
seafood. During the fiscal year 1958, the
comparable figure was $476,680.
On the other hand, purchases have in-
creased for some items, despite the reduc-
tion in retail outlet sales. One of the
greatest of these is fresh eggs. During
the past fiscal year, the Canal organiza-
tion purchased in Panama a total of
150,998 dozen fresh eggs, with a total
value of $98,616. This compares with
$68,273 spent for eggs during the previous
fiscal year and is approximately 13 times
the $7,405 for egg purchases during fiscal
year 1954.
To the benefit of the suppliers as well
as of the Supply Division, purchases in
Panama, for consumer-goods, are stabil-
izing, as shown by the table below. It
will be noted that unlike the previous
year, figures vary little from quarter to
1957 1958
First quarter $690,000 $377,000
Second quarter* 768,000 357,000
Third quarter 405,000 391,000
Fourth quarter 507,000 337,000
*Restriction of purchasing privileges ef-
fective at e id of this quarter in 1957.

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Make your life easier and still keep
your young people in touch with what's
going on around here by subscribing
the sons and daughters away at college.
(No law against grandparents sub-
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As usual, at this time of year, THE
REVIEW offers its college rate-50
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months from October through May.
Just send a 50-cent piece, or a money
order made payable to the Treasurer,
Panama Canal Company, to:
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Easy,. isn't it?

50 Years Ago
Despite miserably rainy weather, work
on the Canal was moving at a consider-
able pace 50 years ago this month. Ac-
cording to THE CANAL RECORD, excava-
tion at the site of Miraflores Locks and
dam had reached a point where the na-
ture of the construction to come could be
judged from the appearance of the great
holes in the ground.
On September 30S, 1908, a new excavation
record for one day was set when 52 steam-
shovels in the Central Division removed 63,-
418 cubic yards of earth and rock, an
average of 1,220 cubic yards per shovel.
Only two weeks earlier two of those
shovels had been buried in the mud of
Cucaracha slide during heavy downpours.
The rains also sparked off a number of
small slides along the railroad line; two
220-foot stretches of embankment at the
Camacho Diversion had to be riprapped,
and rock reinforcing was set in place to hold
back small slides at Empire and Paraiso.
The weather was foul at sea, as well as
on the land. The SS "Colon" of the Rail-
road Steamship Line arrived two days late,
minus one of her stacks and three lifeboats,
torn away in a hurricane off Watling's
Island. A leak in the ammonia gas line
into the ship's cold storage section felled
three seamen temporarily and ruined the
ship's entire cargo of foodstuffs.
Three new commissaries were author-
ized for the Canal force in September
1908. They were to be located at Pedro
Miguel, Gatun, and Portobelo. The first
two would be "of standard size." The
Portobelo Commissary would be smaller
but would have its own small refrigera-
tion plant and bakery.
Other news 50 years ago this month:
The Canal Zone's new Superintendent of
Schools, Prof. Henry Lester Smith, arrived
from Indianapolis; nine laborers' barracks
at Camp Diablo were to be remodeled into
18 two-family quarters; a burglar who had
been entering buildings ly cutting his way
through the floor from underneath drew a
one-year prison term; and plans were com-
pleted for a powerhouse at Gatun to furnish
current for the lock cableways and for the
unloading operations at the docks.
25 Years Ago
Canal traffic was beginning to pick up
after the depression, 25 years ago this
month. During September 1933, there
were 459 transits of ocean-going commer-
cial vessels, compared with 430 in Sep-
tember 1931, and 385 in September 1932.
The improved conditions of world trade,
Canal officials said, were reflected in Canal
traffic; 108 vessels, which had been regular
customers but had been laid up or put on
other runs returned to the Canal transit
list. They included six ore carriers of the
Ore Steamship Company on the South
American run.
One of the Canal's customers 25 years
ago had nothing to do with the increasing
trade. This was a 15-foot, German-built
collapsible kayak, which made the Canal
transit in 22 hours, 14YJ of them actual
paddling time. The kayak's owner and

operator, Olaf Jacobs of the National
City Bank staff, paid 75 cents in tolls for
his craft.
The Canal Zone played a part in aviation
history in September, 1933. The longest
non-stop mass flight in history ended at
Coco Solo September 9 when six Navy
P-2Y-L bombers completed the 2,059-mile
hop from Norfolk, Va. Their time: 24
hours and 55 minutes.
Hurricanes in the Atlantic forced the
Panama Railroad Line's Cristobal into
Hampton Roads and delayed the arrival
of the ship, loaded with returning vaca-
tioners. There were so many teachers
aboard the ship that the opening of
schools was postponed four days.
September, 1933, brought a number of
distinguished visitors to the Canal Zone.
They included Secretary of the Navy Claude
A. Swanson, en route from Washington to
Honolulu aboard the new 10,00-ton cruis-
er "Indianapolis," and three Senators and
five Congressmen who were members of the
Appropriations and Naval Affairs Com-
mittees. They were passengers on the trans-
port Henderson," en route to California
10 Years Ago
After a stiff fight by shipowners, Pres-
ident Truman postponed for six months
the increase in Panama Canal tolls which
was to have gone into effect October 1.
This action was taken, the President said,
to permit Congress to have an opportun-
ity of studying the whole question of the
Canal's operating costs.
A spokesman for the American ship-
owners had held that "if the interest on
United States funds for the construction of
the Panama Canal be excluded, transit tolls
paid by commercial vessels, plus tolls for-
given on government vessels, have exceeded
all construction and improvement costs and
all operating costs for transit purposes by
about $2 million."
Despite a shipping strike on the United
States west coast, Canal traffic-with 415
ocean-going transits-was the third high-
est of any month since before the begin-
ning of World War II.
In a roundup of fiscal-year figures, Maj.
A. 0. Meyer, Chief of the Police and Fire
Division, reported that there had been 319
fires and 771 traffic accidents in the Canal
Zone in the previous fiscal year. Eight
persons were killed and 204 injured in the
traffic accidents.
A goal of $33,500 was announced for
the Community Chest drive, due to start
in October.
One Year Ago
Canal Zone schools set a new record
with a first-day registration of 6,702 stu-
dents a year ago this month.
The Budget and Finance Committee of
the Panama Canal's company's Board of
Directors held a special meeting here to
consider the preliminary report of hospital
consultant Dr. Isidore S. Folk.
In September 1957, the Canal Zone got
a new Police Chief when Capt. B. A.
Darden was promoted to Major and
named chief to succeed Maj. Rodger


September 5, 1958

Going Up -


For a while recently, it looked as if
the Administration Building's elevator
had really had it. Feeling the full weight
of its 44 years, the poor old thing settled
itself at the bottom of its 39-foot shaft
and gave every indication of staying
there. The "General Service Temporar-
ily Suspended" sign, which has been
appearing with increasing frequency on
the elevator door, apparently was be-
coming permanent.
The situation seemed so hopeless, in
fact, that steps were taken to provide
office space on the first floor for Building
workers with physical disabilities who
found it difficult to get up and down the
stairs. All offers were rejected, how-
ever, although a few third-floor workers
brought their lunch and stayed in their
offices from arrival until quitting time.
But as this issue of "The Review"
went to press, elevator doctors thought
that they had the patient's condition
under control. With tender care, they
believed, the little mahogany cage
could continue to travel up and down,
at least on a limited basis, until the
new elevator arrives later this year.
Building janitors, who had been hand-
carrying everything up to and includ-
ing file cases and desks, greeted the
news with enthusiasm.
The Building's elevator is as old as the
Building itself; its panelled mahogany
walls and ceiling were designed to match
the Building's woodwork. Described in
its specifications as "essentially a passen-
ger elevator," it can lift as much as 2,500
pounds of freight at one haul.
At first, anyone and everyone could

A much-expanded program for handi-
capped children will be in effect this year
in the Canal Zone's schools.
The sr.hjuls for United States citizens
opened Wednesday; Latin American
schools have been in session since May
and students in these schools will soon be
on their midterm vacation.
During the past school year, the only
special services for handicapped children
were the School Division's psychological
testing services, one remedial reading-
class for children on the Atlantic side,
and a class for physically handicapped
children which began the middle of the
year and was held at Gorgas Hospital.
The program for the handicapped
children will be expanded this year in
the United States schools and will be
extended to the Latin American schools.
Thirteen teachers who have been in
the United States taking special train-
ing for this program are now all back
on the Isthmus.
During this school year a trained
teacher will start what will eventually

It's a long way up three flights of stairs, even for young ladies like these.

and did ride in the elevator. But in 1921,
as part of the government-wide economy
program, the elevator was restricted to
the most limited use. In 1928, a group
of building employees wrote the Execu-
tive Secretary a plaintive letter, pointing
out not only that the use of the elevator
would be a "matter of dignity and cour-
tesy to visitors" but also that the em-
ployees were seven years older than they
had been when the service was halted.
The Executive Secretary was not
moved by the appeal and turned it down.
The next year a petition was circulated
on the third floor; it suggested that there

become an "every-pupil survey" to de-
termine whether or not the pupil has a
hearing deficiency. This year the testing
will be limited to certain classrooms, but
will be extended gradually until all stud-
ents in the Canal Zone schools have been
given the audiometer tests.
At Balboa elementary school, four
classrooms have been converted for the
use of the handicapped children. One of
these will be used for educable mentally-
handicapped boys and girls; another will
be used for blind and partially-seeing
children. A third will be occupied by a
class of deaf and hard-of-hearing children,
while the fourth will be used for the phys-
ically-handicapped group which met last
semester in a ward at Gorgas Hospital.
On the Atlantic side, one classroom at
the South Margarita School will be used
for a group of educable mentally handi-
capped children. This group will move
later to specially designed space at the
new Coco Solo elementary school when
that school opens about the middle of
the school year.


might be some women workers who, be-
cause of "age or illness" might like the
elevator service. Only three or four
signed; the remainder preferred climbing
stairs to acknowledging that they were
either aged or decrepit.
In 1936, another group of employees
tried again; of the 41 who signed, only
E. B. Stevens is still around and still
working on the third floor. This petition
was more successful. On July 1 that year,
the elevator started service on an all-day
basis, with Benjamin Allen as its oper-
ator. It has been working, off and on,
ever since.

A speech correctionist will work with
children on both sides of the Canal Zone
on an itinerant basis, as will an occupa-
tional therapist whose program is de-
signed to correct muscular weaknesses.
There will be remedial reading classes
for elementary students on both Pacific
and Atlantic sides, and on the Pacific
side this part of the program will be
carried this year to pupils in the Balboa
Junior High School.
.In the Latin American schools, class-
rooms are being prepared in the Par-
aiso, Santa Cruz, and Rainbow City
elementary schools for the educable
mentally handicapped youngsters. Each
classroom will have a capacity for about
15, pupils. The speech correction pro-
gram will also be extended to these
schools, with the teacher for this group
working from school to school.
The program for the handicapped
children will be started this month in
the Latin American schools and will be
a part of the training in the United States
schools which are just beginning a new
school year.

Program for handicapped Zone children

will be much expanded this school year

September 5, 1958


Here's the man who's

Secretary of the Company

It's the little things that make the
difference, the saying goes.
It's the little thing like 20 words that
make the difference between the job of
Secretary of the Panama Canal Company
and the job of secretary of a PTA, for
According to the bylaws of the Canal
Company, its secretary is to send out
notices of meetings, attend them, and re-
cord what goes on. So far. that's exactly
what any secretary does. But then come
the 20 words:
and perform such other duties
as may be assigned to him by the Board
of Directors or by the President."
These "other duties" can be, and
are, almost anything. They may in-
volve acting as the clearing house for
matters pending before the Board of
Directors, appearing before Congres-
sional committees, discussing Canal
Zone affairs with the State Department,
analyzing the effect that proposed legis-
lation will have on the Canal Company,
answering requests from Congressmen
for data on the Canal and the Canal
Zone, providing information on the
waterway and the organization which
runs it to would-be job seekers, school
children, and the just plain curious.
In brief, the Secretary is in charge of
all the affairs of the Company in the
United States, except procurement and
the steamship line.
The man who has held this practically
all-inclusive position since it was estab-
lished six years ago is William Merrill
Whitman, a tallish, good-looking attorney
who began his Panama Canal career a
little over 18 years ago as an associate
attorney in the Office of the General
He makes his headquarters in Wash-
ington, in a new office building on Penn-
sylvania Avenue, directly across the
street from the Post Office Building.
After he has gone over the morning


Dr. Samuel Breeland, above, arrived re-
cently to begin a study of the sand-fly,
its habits and life cycle. Dr. Breeland
is assigned to the Sanitation Division.

mail, including newspapers which are sent
him by air mail from the Isthmus each
day, scanned the Washington newspapers
and the Congressional Record, he starts
off around Washington on what has be-
come almost a regular "beat."
Several times each week, he heads
across town to the Pentagon for confer-
ences with Assistant Secretary of the
Army George H. Roderick, who is Chair-
man of the Panama Canal Company's
Board of Directors. He also may call at
the Bureau of the Budget, at the State
Department, or some other government
office, to discuss Company matters. Dur-
ing the 1955 Treaty negotiations he sat
in on negotiators' sessions at the State
Department as the special representative
of the Governor.
When Congress is in session, Mr.
Whitman spends many hours on Cap-
itol Hill testifying on legislation affect-
ing the Canal Company and discussing
Canal matters. It is this part of his
job that he finds most interesting.
He always accompanies the Governor
to Congressional hearings. At times like
these, the background Mr. Whitman has
acquired on each congressman's interests
and his attitude toward the Canal comes
in handy in helping to anticipate (and
prepare for beforehand) the particular
points the committeemen are apt to em-
Although he seldom has slow days, his
busiest times come just before the quar-
terly meetings of the Board of Directors.
Then he is usually swamped with prep-
arations for the meeting, since every Di-
rector must be furnished complete informa-
tion covering every item on the agenda.
As Secretary, he attends all Board
meetings, of course, and he prepares
the official minutes reflecting the action
of the Board. He also meets with most
of the Board committees and frequently
accompanies Board members to the
Isthmus for special sessions. So far
this year, he has been here three
times-once when the full Board met
in the Canal Zone in January, and
twice with the Board's Budget and
Finance Committee.
As Secretary of the Panama Canal
Company, he is a "General Officer," the
term used in the bylaws to distinguish
between officers appointed by the Board
and others appointed by the President
of the Company.
Since some of his business has to do
with the Canal Zone Government, he has
a special title for that purpose. Just as
he is "Secretary" when it comes to the
business of the Panama Canal Company,
he is "Assistant to the Governor" when
he deals with Canal Zone Government
Merrill Whitman-he has never gen-
erally been called William, Bill, or Will-
comes from Nebraska via Iowa and Min-
nesota. He was born in Omaha, where
his minister father had a parish, but
spent some of his early years in Fort
Madison, Iowa. He returned to Nebraska
for college-his alma mater is Nebraska

William Merrill Whitman

State-and then taught high school his-
tory in a small Nebraska town for a
couple of years while his bankroll attained
sufficient rotundity to finance his way
through law school. He got his LL.B.
degree cum laude in 1935 from Nebraska
University's College of Law. He also
attended Northwestern University Law
School in Chicago, and has taken grad-
uate work in law at Georgetown Univer-
sity in Washington.
Not many people know that the Pan-
ama Canal Company's Secretary is also
an author. He has written two text
books on legal subjects, one on Federal
criminal procedure, and the other on
admiralty law.
He was working as legal editor for the
West Publishing Company in St. Paul,
Minn., in 1939 when one of its alumni,
Paul A. Bentz, dropped in to pay a call
on his former associates. Mr. Bentz
happened to mention that he was look-
ing for a promising young attorney to
join the General Counsel's staff in the
Canal Zone. Almost before they knew
what had happened, Mr. Bentz had his
attorney and Mr. Whitman had a new
In 1943, Merrill Whitman was made
Assistant General Counsel, suceeding
Ronald S. Hazel. Five years later he
resigned, intend ig to enter private
law practice in Whittier, Calif., but did
not even have an office lined up when
he was offered the position of the Pan-
ama Canal's attorney in Washington.
Early in 1952 he was made Assistant
Chief of the Washington Office and in
July of that year became the first Sec-
retary of the Panama Canal Company.
The Whitmans now live 14 miles out-
side of Washington proper, near Kensing-
ton, Md. Their son, Bill, who was only
two months old when his father joined
the Canal organization, has just finished
his first year at the University of Penn-
sylvania. An embryo architect, he is
spending the summer sketching in Mex-
ico. Their daughter, Lynn, who was born
in Gorgas Hospital the same year her
father became Assistant General Coun-
sel, is in her junior year at the Walter
Johnson High School near Bethesda.
Mr. Whitman thoroughly enjoys his
frequent trips to the Canal Zone but has
little desire to come back here to live.
Washington is too interesting and his job
there too challenging, he feels.

12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 5, 1958

September 5, 1958


The First Collegians-Twenty-five Years Later

(Continued from page 2) Analysis Staff of the
Accounting Division. He is married and
lives in Los Rios.
John A. Dombrowsky: A graduate in
Science-Engineering, he is now a Control
House Operator at the Pacific Locks. He
lives in Balboa with his wife, the former
Jean Coleman.
Marian Leah Dugan: A graduate with
honors of the Liberal Arts course, she is
now Mrs. Luther Fleming, living in Flor-
ida. She has two daughters.
Thomas Joseph Ebdon, Jr. :He went from
the Junior College to Georgia Institute of
Technology from which he received a de-
gree in Electrical Engineering. He is now
Chief Operations Foreman at the Pacific
Locks. He lives in Balboa with his wife, the
former Rae Newhard, and their two sons.
Dorothy Charlotte Erickson: A graduate
of the Commercial course, she later enrolled
in the University of Minnesota. In 1950,
she was living in Minneapolis. She was
reported to have married about 1945, but
her married name is not known.
Edward Gormely: A Science-Engineering
graduate, with honors, he served an electri-
cal apprenticeship in the Canal Zone.
William T. Halvosa, Jr.: A Liberal Arts
graduate, he is now postmaster at Diablo
Heights, with the title of Finance Branch
Superintendent. He was married recently
and lives in Diablo Heights.
Harriett Winifred Kalar: Now Mrs. H.
Mark McNeal, she was one of the Junior
College Science-Engineering graduates. She
lives with her husband and three children
in Charlotte, N. C.
Charles S. Malsbury: A Liberal Arts
graduate, he entered as a sophomore from
the University of Missouri and was, there-
fore, not among the students who met in
the patio of the Balboa School on that mo-
mentous first day. He is now, with the title
of Meteorological Aid, in charge of the
Panama Canal's weather office in Cristobal.
Mary Margaret McCormack: Also a Lib-
eral Arts graduate, she was another who
entered as a sophomore; she had previously
attended the College of New Rochelle.
She is married to Capt. Wilber A. Walter,
USN, and lives in Maryland.
Guillermo Mendez, Jr.: A Science-Engi-
neering student, he later took a degree in
Engineering fom the University of South-
ern California. He is now working as an
independent contractor in Panama, Costa
Rica, and Honduras, is married and lives
in the Coco del Mar section of Panama
City. He is a former president of the Pan-
ama Engineering Society and headed Pan-
ama's State Board of Examiners for Pro-
fessional Engineers in 1949-50.
Clara Lillia Monsanto: Valedictorian of
the first college class, she went on to take
her AB at the University of Iowa. Now
living in Iowa City, she is married to Dr.
H. L. Dean, Associate Professor of Botany
at the Iowa State University. She manages
a photographic studio in Iowa City.
Elwin G. Neal: After completing a Liberal
Arts course here, he went on to take a med-
ical degree from Tulane. He is now in
practice as an eye specialist in Miami.
Carol Dean Palmer: She came to the
Junior College from George Washington
University and is one of the honor graduates.
Later she enrolled in Ohio State University.
Frederick Harvey Smith: A Science-Engi-
neering graduate, he went on to Georgia
Tech and then took an electrical apprentice-
ship with the Panama Canal. Now living
on the Atlantic side, he is Supervisory Elec-
trical Engineer in the Electrical Work
Branch of the Electrical Division.
Howard E. Walling: After completing a
Science-Engineering course, he graduated
from Purdue. He is now working for the
Navy in Seattle, where he lives with his
wife and daughter.
Ruth P. Walston: Salutatorian of her
class, she went on to North Carolina Uni-
versity to take her AB. She is now Mrs.
Walter Lauder and lives and teaches high
school in Lexington, Ky.
Members of the Original Class Who
Did Not Graduate
Jeanette Yvonne Alexander: Now Mrs.
Melvin Clement, she lives with her husband
and daughter, Daryl, in Silver Spring, Md.
Eloy Alfaro: President in 1955 of the
Panama Chamber of Commerce, he is now

associated with the local firm of Smoot &
Hunter M. Alverson: Son of Army par-
ents, he moved in 1934 to Fort Bliss, Tex.
Carmen Isabel Arias: Now Mrs. Fabrega,
she lives in Panama City and works in the
Consular Section of the United States Em-
George Howard Arvin: A Navy child, he
left the Canal Zone in 1934.
Antoinette Sara Baker: Although she did
not graduate with her class, she returned
to college after her marriage and received
her Junior College degree the same year her
son graduated from Balboa High School.
She is now Mrs. Maenner B. Huff, of Balboa.
Pembrooke Clayton Banton: A graduate
of Iowa State in Civil Engineering, he now
is with the Wietz Construction Co. in Des
Moines, where he and his wife make their
Robert S. Blake: He entered the Junior
College in the second semester of its first
year from Syracuse University.
Roberto Boyd: He worked for the Survey
Section of the Dredging Division from 1937
to 1947 when he joined the Auto Service
Co. in Panama. For the past four years
he has been operating his own business, a
drycleaning plant, in Panama City.
Henry J. Chase: With the title of Supply
Officer, Drugs and Sundries, he works with
the Panama Canal Company's Supply Di-
vision. He is responsible for most of the
merchandise and magazines in the Service
Centers. Married, he lives in Balboa.
Alice Cook: Married after her first year
in college, she is the wife of Col. James H.
Rothrock, an Air Force officer.
Wallace I. Crawford: He now heads the
Crawford Agencies on J St. in Panama City.
Ernest Gregory Cuesta: Last available
information puts him in Chicago where he
was working as a translator for a service
club-either Kiwanis or Rotary.
Marylee Donovan: She came here from
Atlanta, Ga., but there is no record on her
after 1934.
Harry C. Egolf: Although he did not
graduate, he has taken 10 semesters of col-
lege work in the Extension Division. He
is now Housing Manager at Balboa. He
lives in Balboa with his wife, the former
Mary Bradney, and their two children.
Robert Vincent French: Now a sales en-
gineer, he is living in Dallas, Tex., with his
wife and their four children.
Frances M. Friday: Formerly married to
Col. Ethan Allen Chapman, she has one
son. Her last address was California.
Bernita Elizabeth Hale-known as Betty:
She is now married to Donald R. Hutchinson,
a Brigadier General in the Air Force.
Eleanor Hammond: Married to August
Schwindeman, who was one of the Canal
Zone's crack swimmers (although she met
him in Brooklyn), she lives in Ramsey,
N. J., and has two daughters. She and her
husband were here recently en route to
Buenos Aires on a four-month business trip.
Charles Emory Hill: He came here from
Oxford, Ga., but left the college before the
end of the first semester.
George Bernard Knecht: He was a Jun-
ior College student only briefly, leaving at
midsemester the first year.
Ferne Eileen Kyleber: Now Mrs. Morton
LeVee, wife of a Canal Zone Police Sergeant,
she works in the Claims Branch of the
Comptroller's Office as an accounting clerk.
She lives in Diablo Heights with her hus-
band and their two children.
Clarence Kent Lambert: Once a crack
swimmer, he worked here as a machinist.
He has been living in Ohio for several years.
Wilma Virginia Lawson: Wife of Marine
Corps Col. John Heles, she is living near
Washington, D. C., and is the mother of
five children.
Mildred May Makibbin: The mother of
six children, she may hold the large-family
record for her college class. She is now Mrs.
Edwin P. Higgins, of Fayetteville, Ark.
Kenneth Maurer: A one-time employee
of the Postal Division, he later joined the
Air Force. In 1954, he was a sergeant, sta-
tioned in Washington, D. C.
David Frederick Mead: His title is one
of the lengthiest in the Canal organization:
Supervisor, Management Analysis, Records
Scheduling and Disposition, for the Admin-
istrative Branch. Two of his sons will be


Junior College students this year; Ronald
in his second year, and Burton returning
to complete his college work after military
service. He is married to the former Lillian
Wright whose father was with the All Amer-
ica Cable Company here.
George Francis Novey, Jr.: A Panama
businessman, he heads the George Novey
Co., purveyors of construction supplies and
other materials.
Clarence H. Peterson: Married and liv-
ing in California, he works for the Walt
Disney Studios in Hollywood.
John H. Poole: One'of the 13 from this
class working for the Canal, he is an auto-
matic telephone maintainer. He is also a
local explorer, and recently was one of a
group which floated down the Chagres on
Thomas Lee Rankin: President of his
class, he took an apprenticeship here. He
is now a surveyor for the American Bureau
of Shipping and lives in Carleton, Mich.
Sarah Irene Reynolds: She is now Mrs.
William M. Wall and, in 1956, was living
in Baltimore, Md.
Wilma B. Reynolds: Married to a former
Zonian, Glen Kirkpatrick, she lives in
Rochester, N. Y. She has one child, a
Janet E. Robinson: Daughter of an Army
family, she left the Junior College to return
to William and Mary College where she
had formerly been a student.
David Henriquez Sasso: A commission
agent, he heads the A. Vernon Sasso Hijos
y Cia., Ltda. of Panama City, where he
makes his home.
Joseph Shirley: His address was Madden
Dam, but there is no record of him after
1934. He was the son of one of the con-
tractors of W. E. Callaher Construction
Co.-Peterson, Shirley, & Gunther-on the
Madden Dam work.
Mary Elizabeth Smawley: Her last ad-
dress was Kingston, Pa.
Jose A. Sossa D.: He lives in Panama
City and is promoting petroleum explora-
tion in the Republic. He is associated with
the Panamanian Delhi Petrolera, S.A., now
exploring in the Darien region.
Stanwood Specht: Another collegian who
took an apprenticeship here, he is now a
Foreman Mechanic with the Electrical Di-
vision. He lives in Gatun and is married
to the former Ella Jones.
Nina Irene Taylor: Wife of former Zonian
Jack Kromer, she and her husband live
in Silver Spring, Md. They have three
June Tilley: She and her husband, Lewis
W. McBride, an engineer, have lived abroad
since 1946. They have made their home in
Greece and Turkey, and are now in Flor-
ence, Italy. They have two daughters.
Charlotte Wahl: Now Mrs. Earl Dailey,
she lives in Diablo Heights and works for
the Army's Finance and Accounting Office.
She and her husband have two children.
Alice Esther Westman: She is now Mrs.
Sergio Betancourt and lives in Panama City
where her husband is in business.
Earl George Willett: He was living for a
time in Florida but there is no record of
him since 1950.

Civil Defense News
(Continued from page 7) to be practi-
cally negligible-about half the radi-
ation given off by the face of a radium
dial on a wristwatch.
The radioactivity, while negligible for
a wristwatch, was unusual for a shipment
of tea, and when the ship arrived in New
York a week later, the cargo received a
thorough inspection by the radiological
team of the New York Fire Department.
Small traces of strontium 90 were still
detectable, according to an article in the
New York Times. How the tea had
picked up the radiation could not be ex-
Testing for radioactivity of any sus-
pected cargoes or vessels which could be
dangerous either to the ships' personnel
or the Canal employees handling the
vessel will probably become an estab-
lished procedure here, now that the
Nuclear Age has arrived.

September 5, 1958



July 15 through August 15

Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between July 15 and August 15 are
listed below. Within-grade promotions are
not reported.
John C. Fawcett, from Senior High School
Teacher to Elementary School Principal,
Division of Schools.
Mrs. Nancy L. Jorstad, from Clerk-Typist
to Clerk-Stenographer, Claims Branch, Gen-
eral Audit Division.
Johnny Vaucher, from Accounting Super-
visor to Systems Accountant, Accounting
Paul J. Coleman, from General Engineer
to Valuation Engineer, Accounting Division
Mrs. Jessie W. Degenaar, from Account-
ing Clerk to Plant Accounting Assistant,
Accounting Division.
Theodore D. Melanson, from Construction
Cost Accountant to Supervisory Construc-
tion Cost Accountant, Accounting Division
Winfield F. Fearn, from Pumping Plant
Operator, Water and Laboratories Branch,
to Maintenance Machinist, Maintenance
James R. McCarrick, from Towing Loco-
motive Operator, Locks Division, to Pump-
ing Plant Operator II, Water and Labora-
tories Branch.
James E. Huddleston, from Powerhouse
Operator to Senior Powerhouse Operator,
Electrical Division.
Arnold A. Jackson, from Senior Power-
house Operator to Powerhouse Operator-
Dispatcher, Electrical Division.
Maj. Peter Grosz, from Military Assist-
ant to Governor, to Assistant Designing
Engineer, Engineering Division.
Dorothy L. Cotton, from Clerk-Typist to
Veritypist, Engineering Division.
Wells D. Wright, from Assistant Design-
ing Engineer to Chief, Special Studies Staff,
Engineering Division.
John P. Bidwell, from Marine Machinist
to Foreman Marine Machinist, Dredging
Dr. Bobby J. Stinebaugh, from Intern to
Resident, Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Henri G. Skeie, from Staff Nurse,
Gorgas Hospital, to Public Health Nurse,
Division of Quarantine and Preventive
Dolores Espinosa, from Head Nurse
(Emergency Room), Locks Overhaul, to
Staff Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
Helen E. Barr, from Veritypist, Engineer-
ing Division, to Clerk, Gorgas Hospital.
Theodore E. Brown, from Towboat Master
to Pilot-in-Training. Navigation Division.
Eugene H. Bunnell, from Towing Loco-
motive Operator, Locks Division, to Loco-
motive Crane Rigger Operator, Industrial
Dallas B. Thornton, from Lead Foreman,
Scaling and Painting, to Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, Locks Division.
Warren E. Le Doux, from Rigger to Tow-
ing Locomotive Operator, Locks Division.
Arthur A. Albright, William F. Young,
from Lockmaster to General Electrical
Foreman III, Locks Division.
Arthur F. Crusey, from Control House
Operator to Lockmaster, Locks Division.
Robert T. Thomas, Clarence R. Bough-
ner, Wireman to Wireman Foreman, Locks
Harry F. Willenbrock, from Control House
Operator to Lockmaster, Locks Division.
Howard L. Sampsell, Merrill T. Webster,
from Wireman Foreman to Control House
Operator, Locks Division.
Vernon L. Clontz, from Oxyacetylene Gas
Plant Operator to Combination Welder,
Industrial Division.
Oliver H. Hendrickson, from Machinist
to Foreman, Pacific Locks.
Oscar Johnson, from Foreman I to
Lockmaster, Pacific Locks.
Rex V. Sellers, from Machinist to Ma-
chinist Foreman, Pacific Locks.
Bronson B. Powell, from Lockmaster to
General Mechanical Locks Foreman III,
Pacific Locks.
Eugene F. Kleasner, from Machinist

Foreman to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks.
Joseph B. Burgoon, from Lead Foreman
III to Lead Foreman, Dry Cleaning, Sup-
ply Division.
John J. McConaghy, from Oxyacetylene
Gas Plant Operator, Industrial Division, to
Hoisting and Portable Engineman, Supply
John C. DeYoung, Foreman Oxyacetylene
Gas Plant, from Industrial Division to Sup-
ply Division.
Bernard Dorfman, from Supervisory
Freight Traffic Officer to Supervisory Cargo
Officer, Panama Local Agency, Railroad
Vicente Alfaro, from Supervisory Freight
Traffic Specialist to Supervisory Cargo
Officer, Panama Local Agency, Railroad
James W. Windham, from Pumping
Plant Operator, Maintenance Division, to
Stockman Foreman, Motor Transportation
Promotions which did not involve change
in title follow:
William E. Hall, Systems Accountant,
Accounting Division.
Philip L. Steers, Jr., Comptroller, Pan-
ama Canal Company.
Cecil Kovel, Francis J. Reilly, Nathan
Fleckner, Plant Accounting Assistant, Ac-
counting Division.
Dr. Roderick L. Esquivel, Medical Officer,
Coco Solo Hospital.
Norman L. Randall, Jr., Graduate Intern
(Architect), Office of Engineering and Con-
struction Director.
John E. Winklosky, James J. Morris,
Benjamin Suisman, George V. Kirkland,
Construction Inspector, Contract and In-
spection Division.
Stephen A. Bissell, Accountant, Account-
ing Division.


Retirement certificates were presented
the end of August to the following employ-
ees who are listed alphabetically, together
with their birthplaces, positions, length of
Canal service, and their future addresses:
William V. Brugge, Wisconsin; Assistant
Housing Manager, Balboa; 38 years, 5
months, 11 days; Florida.
Henry P. Butcher, West Virginia; Ma-
chinist Foreman, Locks Division; 31 years,
17 days; Isthmus for present.
Hobart V. Butler, Kentucky; Train Dis-
patcher, Railroad Division; 19 years, 6
months, 10 days; Leesburg, Fla.
Edward A. Cox, Ohio; Mechanical Coor-
dinator; Electrical Division; 23 years 7
months, 29 days; St. Petersburg, Fla.
Thorwald H. Forrstrom, Massachusetts;
Supervisory Marine Traffic Controller, Nav-
igation Division; 21 years, 3 months, 15
days; Largo, Fla.
Harry B. Friedland, Virginia; Cost Ac-
counting Clerk, Dredging Division; 28
years, 10 months; Newport News, Va.
Edward T. Kirchmier, Virginia; Lock-
master, Pedro Miguel Locks; 29 years, 4
months; Florida.
Mrs. Sarah M. Minor, Pennsylvania;
Cost Accounting Clerk, Motor Transporta-
tion Division; 9 years, 4 months, 12 days;
Canal Zone for present.
Mrs. Mary B. Raymond, Virginia; Ele-
mentary School Teacher, Division of
Schools; 20 years, 9 months, 23 days; Canal
James G. Raymond, New York; Retail
Store Supervisor, Supply Division; 31 years
4 months, 21 days; Panama, for present.
Capt. William W. Reid, Missouri; Pilot,
Navigation Division; 24 years, 1 month,
23 days; Florida.


Cristobal -----.---------......... September 3
Ancon* ----------------....... September 10
Cristobal ---------------.... September 20
Ancon----------------- September 27
Ancon-----------------.... September 3
Oristobal------- --------September 12
Ancon-- ------------ September 19
Cristobal ---------------September 30
*Sailing time from Cristobal is 3:00 p. m.
for this trip.
Southbound ships which leave New York Friday
are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti.
Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after
clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from
Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear
Cristobal Wednesday.


Two employees, William Badders and
Winchell T. Pennock, share top honors on
the August anniversary list Both completed
40 years of Government service last month.
Mr. Badders has split his 40 years into
two almost equal careers. Born in Harris-
burg, Ill., he serv-
-ed in the U. S.
S, 7 Navy from Au-
gust 1918 until
he was retired in
1939 as a Chief
Machinist's Mate.
He was a Master
s A Diver for the last
S. \ 10 years of his
Navy career, and
worked on a num-
ber of important
salvage operations
the most spectac-
ular of them the
d s i 1 rescue of the crew
and the salvage of
the USS Squalus in 1939. For this he was
awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor;
he is the only man in the Canal organiza-
tion to hold this medal.
In 1940, he came to the Canal organiza-
tion from the Navy's Experimental Diving
Unit in Washington. When the Panama
Canal's Salvage Section was established, he
was made its Diving Master; in this post
he trained divers and worked on salvage op-
erations which have taken him and his crew
from Peru to Nicaragua.
He holds several commendations; one was
for his work on the SS Lisholt which was
damaged by fire and explosion at the Bal-
boa docks in 1954, and the most recent was
for his part in saving the life of a Vene-
zuelan diver who was flown here suffering
from an acute case of the bends.
Mr. Badders and his wife live in Gatun;
they have a son and daughter in the States.
Mr. Pennock, now foreman in charge of
the motor vehicle repair shop in Cristobal,
is a native Texan
but has been a
Zonian since he
was a youngster.
Born in San An-
tonio, he came to
the Canal Zone
when he was 12;
three uncles and
a married sister
He held sum-
mer jobs during
school vacations
and in 1919 be-
gan an appren-
ticeship as a ma- -
chinist. Except for
a short period during his apprenticeship. all
of his service has been on the Atlantic side.
He has been with the Motor Transpor-
tation Division since 1922, and has held the
positions of auto repair machinist, senior
machinist foreman, and lead foreman.
A one-time Boy Scout, he made a trip
to David with the Zone scouts in 1919 on
one of that group's earliest expeditions into
the Interior of Panama. Mr. and Mrs.
Pennock live in Margarita. Like the Bad-



September 5, 1958


Going from ward to ward, the Paraiso Fine Arts Choral Group brings music to
Gorgas Hospital patients each month. They started their visits last Christmas time.

The last Wednesday of each month has
become a special day at Gorgas Hospital.
These "last Wednesdays" are the days
when a group of young Zonians bring
their own brand of good music to patients
in the wards of the sprawling group of
buildings on the side of Ancon Hill.
The youthful singers are members of
the Fine Arts Choral Group, organized
in 1954 as an outgrowth of a former La

Boca Junior High School Glee Club. It
was organized and is still directed by
Maurice H. Heywood, who taught at the
Junior High School from 1951-54 and
who now teaches fifth grade at the Santa
Cruz Elementary School.
The Choral Group has taken part in
programs in various Canal Zone com-
munities and has appeared on CFN-
TV. The singers began their visits to

Gorgas Hospital last Christmas time
when they went through the wards
singing carols. This was so successful
that they have set up a regular sched-
ule for their hospital programs.

In the wards they sing a capella; their
selections range from "Oh Promise Me,"
to the Pilgrim's Chorus from Tannhauser.
During an evening, they visit up to eight
wards, singing two or three songs in each
Although they do not have accom-
panists for their hospital visits, Mrs.
Undine Clark and Mrs. Lucille Ford
play for them regularly when they ap-
pear elsewhere.
Members of the Choral Group are:
Sylvia Lashley, Myrna Payton, Marva
Carter, GloriaBrooks, Dolores Oakley, Vir-
ginia Yard, Audrey Levy, Leonie Holmes,
Irene Goodridge, Marie Davis, Gloria Tait,
Coreene Spencer, Adella Boyce, Marion
Clark, Eleanora McFarlane, Vernon Cox,
Reinaldo Perez, Waldaba Stewart, Jr.,
Edward Ford, George Pyle, Roland Dray-
ton, Ernest Blades, Ronaldo Cummings,
Elvarado Baptiste, Robert Blades, Eric
Townsend, William Barnaby, Samuel
Blenman, George Thomas.

ders, they have a son and daughter, both
in the United States.
Fred A. Newhard, who knows the Atlan-
tic Locks from one end to another and from
top to bottom, has been a Zonian since his
pre-school days. Born in Jersey Shore, Pa.,
he came to the Canal Zone when his father,
Samuel W. Newhard, joined the Panama
Railroad force as an inspector.
The younger Newhard attended school
here and took an electrical apprenticeship
in the Canal Zone. A month after he fin-
ished his apprentice training he went to
work at the Atlantic Locks as a towing loco-
motive operator. He has been a tunnel op-
erator, junior lockmaster, and lockmaster,
a position he has held since 1945.
Mr. Newhard was once well known in
local baseball circles. He played second
base and shortstop in Twilight League and
other ball clubs here.
Both of the employees who rounded out
30 years of Government service last month
are originally from the U. S. East Coast,
but both came here as youngsters. Wilbur
J. Dockery, Lead Foreman in the Marine
Bunkering Section of the Terminals Divi-
sion comes from Brooklyn, N. Y. Russell
W. Schmidt, whose official title is Automatic
TelephoneCommunication Equipment Main-
tainer I, was born in Philadelphia.
Mr. Dockery arrived in the Canal Zone
when he was only 18 months old; his father
was a shipfitter with the Mechanical Di-
vision. He has worked for the Electrical,
Dredging, and Transportation Divisions,
and has been in marine bunkering work
since 1939. He has been active in fraternal
affairs for 20 years and held the post of
District Deputy for the BPOE in 1951.
Mr. Schmidt also grew up here. He came
to the Canal Zone when he was 15 years
old. His father, William, was a machinist.
He served an electrical apprenticeship here
and since 1940 has been in telephone main-
tenance work. His Canal service is un-
broken. In his spare time he is a hi-fi addict;
friends say that he spends many of his off
hours tinkering with tweeters and woofers
and the like at his home in Balboa.

The Transportation and Terminals Bureau
has a corner on August's quarter-century
employees, even to its Director. Three of the
half dozen employees who completed 25 years
of service last month are with that Bureau.
They are: B. I. Everson, Transportation
and Terminals Director; Gerald Neal, Road
and Yard Conductor for the Railroad Di-
vision; and Cliff Sanders, Wood and Steel
Carman Inspector, also with the Railroad
Division. Mr. Everson was born in Brevik,
Norway, Mr. Neal in Costigan, Me., and
Mr. Sanders comes from Hanceville, Ala.
Mr. Everson came to the Isthmus as a
small child, took an apprenticeship here,
and has been in transportation for the past
20 years. All of Mr. Neal's service has been
with the Railroad, although it was broken
by Naval service during World War II. Mr.
Sanders' Canal service is unbroken.
August's other 25-year employees are:
William A. Clark, a native of Toledo, Ohio,
Lead Roads Maintenance Foreman with
the Maintenance Division-his service is
continuous and all with the same Division;
Mrs. Nita B. Hartman, who was born in
New Bern, N. C., and, as Supervisory Ad-
ministrative Assistant, is the Girl Friday of
the Contract and Inspection Division; and
Yane Leves, once of Proctor, Vt., former
policeman and now a Towing Locomotive
Operator at the Pacific Locks.
August's list of 20-year employees (thir-
teen in all) is longer than the 20-year list
for many months. More than half of them
have unbroken service with the organization,
and two were born on the Isthmus.
Those with continuous service are: Mrs.
Mae B. Cross, North Carolina, Clerical
Assistant, Office of the Engineering and
Construction Director; William H. Egger,
New York, Automatic Telephone Commun-
ication Equipment Maintainer, Electrical
Division-all of his service has been with
that division; Thomas J. Ebdon, Jr., Colon,
Chief Locks Operations Foreman, Miraflores
Locks; John F. Manning, Maine, Supply
Officer for Groceries in what is now the
Sales and Service Branch-all of his service
has been with the retail stores; Mrs. Mil-


dred Randall, New York, Cash Accounting
Clerk, Motor Transportation Division;
Walter F. Reif, Illinois, Principal Laundry
Foreman, Supply Division-he has un-
broken service with the Laundry; Frank J.
Russell, New York, Pilot in the Navigation
Division; and Norton B. Stephenson, Okla-
homa, Supervisory Administrative Assistant
in the Engineering Division.
Others who completed 20 years of service
in August are: Joseph S. Corrigan, Ancon,
General Inspector in the Customs Division,
flags fly on his birthday, July 4; George F.
Hudson, Massachusetts, Pilot, Navigation
Division; Mrs. Rebecca D. Ishoy, Pennsyl-
vania, Staff Nurse in the Outpatient Clinic
at Gorgas Hospital; Frank N. Light, Ohio,
Towing Locomotive Operator, Gatun Locks,
and William K. Renner, First Assistant En-
gineer, SS Ancon.
Last month was fifteenth anniversary
month for 16 Company-Government em-
ployees. Of the 16, eight have unbroken
Panama Canal service. They are:
Edward H. Appin, Time, Leave, and Pay-
roll Clerk, Payroll Branch; Edward C.
Blount, Policeman, Gatun; Chris A. Devine,
Power Plant Electrician, Electrical Divis-
ion; Maurice F. Dunn, Senior Towboat
Master, Navigation Division; William 0.
Felton, Automotive Machinist, Motor Tran-
portation Division; Mrs. Clara Godby,
Window Clerk, Postal Division (both Mr
Felton and Mrs. Godby have not only un-
broken Canal service but also unbroken
service with their particular units); William
D. McGowin, Retail Stores Supervisor,
Sales and Service Branch; and Joaquin M.
Ponce, Engineering Draftsman Engineer-
ing Division.
Other 15-year employees, as of August,
are: Mrs. Eileen G. Brady, Head Nurse,
Corozal Hospital; Flora R. Hack, Staff
Nurse, Gorgas Hospital; Lloyd M. Kent,
Small Tug Operator, Dredging Division;
Mrs. Florence Lotz, Clerk-Typist, Procure-
ment Division, New York Operations;
Warren E. Le Doux, Towing Locomotive
Operator, Miraflores Locks; Margaret V.
Whitman, Teacher, Balboa High School;
Ewald A. Wiberg, Jr., Electronics Mech-
anic, Electrical Division; and Earl W.
Wrenn, Fire Sergeant, Cristobal Central
Fire Station.


September 5, 1958


Commercial ------------
U. S. Government ---------

Total -------
Commercial -- $3,673,611
U. S. Government 180,974

The new 20,000-ton tanker, Gulf King, nearly Alls Pedro Miguel Locks.


Big, New Customer
The Gulf King, at the top of the page,
is another of the Canal's customers which
transits on a daylight clear-Cut basis.
Built in Sparrows Point, Md., the vessel
made her maiden voyage through the
Canal southbound August 12 in ballast
for Los Angeles where she is to pick up
a cargo of crude oil for the United States
east coast. Together with her sister-ship,
the Gulf Prince, the supertanker will make
regular voyages from the east to west
coast of the United States and return,
passing through the Canal approximately
twice each month. The ship is 661 feet
long, has a gross tonnage of 20,466 tons,
and has a service speed of 1734 knots.
She is owned and operated by the Gulf
Oil Company and handled locally by
Boyd Brothers.
Maiden Transit
The Kotei Maru, latest addition to the
Daido Kaiun Kaisha Line's fleet of fast
trans-Pacific intercoastal cargo ships, ar-
rived at the Canal August 24 on her
maiden voyage from Yokohama to New
York. The 11,600 deadweight-ton cargo
LIGHTNING STRUCK, and when it did
this is what happened to the Panama
Canal flag on the
Navigation Di-
vision's ferry-
boat "Presiden-
te Amador." It
happened about
2:45 p. m. on
August 2, just as
the ferry was
pulling into the
west side slip.
The lightning-
bolt broke off the forwardimast and
also disrupted electrical power at the
ferry landing. Fortunately, the dam-
age was slight and none of the ferry's
passengers were injured.

liner is one of the three fast new vessels
which make the trip between New York
and Yokohama in 25 days. The Daido
Line maintains a regular express service
from Japan to the Philippines, Indo-
China, east coast of South America, Cal-
ifornia, the Canal, and New York. The
Continental Shipping Company repre-
sents the line here.
Container Vessels
Two Grace Line cargo ships which
have been regular Canal visitors in the
past, are to be converted soon to the first
U. S.-flag lift-on-lift-off container vessels
to be placed in foreign service.
They are the Santa Eliana and Santa
Leonor, recently on a west coast-U. S.
ports to Balboa run. Now on the west
coast, they are expected to make the
Canal transit en route to New York soon.
The conversion work will be done by
the Maryland Shipbuilding and Drydock
Company of Baltimore, which was low
bidder with a proposal of $6,931,819.
According to a recent issue of The New
York Times, the ships will be lengthened
by about 45 feet and each will be made
capable of transporting 476 containers
measuring eight by eight by 17 feet.
New General Agent
General Agent for the French Line in
Cristobal these days is Francois M. Wil-
lay, who has been with the French Line
for the past 10 years. He succeeds M.
V. Gringoire, who was retired from serv-
ice earlier this year, and who is now
making his home in France. A native of
Calais, Mr. Willay joined the French Line
shortly after World War II and was
.assigned to the French Line offices in
Paris and Le Havre. He came out with

1957 1958
788 767
44 15

832 782


Total ---$3,854,585 $3,741,222
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial---- 4,443,437 4,104,605
U. S. Government 61,573 66,839
Total-- 4,505,010 4,171,444

the company to the French West Indies
and then was sent to Cristobal in 1953
as freight manager. For the past year or
so, he was stationed in Bogota, Colombia,
as French Line Inspector.
New Global Service
To be added to the list of round-the-
world passenger liners making regular
visits to the Panama Canal are two
Dutch-flag vessels which have been placed
on round-the-world services as a result of
recent reshuffling of itineraries. They are
the 21,300-ton Willem Ruys, flagship of
the Royal Rotterdam Lloyd, and the
Johan van Oldenbarnvelt, a 19,787-tonner
which belongs to the Nederland Line.
The Willem Ruys, which is now under-
going a five-month overhaul, is scheduled
to leave Rotterdam March 7 on her first
63-day world-girdling voyage which will
take her through the Suez Canal to Sing-
apore, Melbourne, Wellington, and the
Panama Canal. She is scheduled to ar-
rive here April 24, will transit immedi-
ately to Cristobal, and will berth there
for approximately 24 hours.
Fenton & Company, local agents for
both lines, said that the Willem Ruys,
with accommodations for 1,100 passen-
gers, is completely booked for her first
voyage and that after leaving Panama
she is to call at Miami and Bermuda en
route to European ports.
The Johan van Olderbarnvelt, to operate
as a one-class ship, will leave Amsterdam
April 10 and is to arrive at Balboa June
9. Following a somewhat similar itiner-
ary around the world, the liner will dock
in Cristobal for a day and will call at
Miami, Bermuda, and Southampton on
her way back to Amsterdam.

Papers in Order?
Big-lettered warnings, in bright red
ink, are being attached to Panama Canal
leave orders reminding those going on
vacation that they may run into difficul-
ties getting back to the Canal Zone if
they do not have leave or travel docu-
ments in their possession when they are
ready to return. The warning says:.
"Failure to have in your possession
Advance Authorization To Enter The
Canal Zone or copy of official Leave or
Travel Order or other documentation
authorizing entry into the Canal Zone
may result in delay at the Port of Em-
barkation or possible requirement by the
carrier that you obtain a return ticket
or provide other security."

16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 5, 195

September 5, 195