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ANAA CAN AL
Vol. 8, No. 9 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, APRIL 4, 1958 5 cents
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Group Insurance Benefits Increased
Employees who are not already mem-
bers may join the group hospital insur-
ance plan during a one-month period be-
ginning Monday, April 14, without the
requirement for physical examinations for
themselves or members of their families.
Plans for a membership campaign were
evolved by the Group Health Insurance
Board in connection with the renewal of
the contract with Mutual of Omaha, the
underwriting firm. Details of the con-
tract had not been settled in time for an-
nouncement in this issue of THE REVIEW.
The new contract will, however, pro-
vide additional benefits to employee mem-
bers. These were outlined in the main
in an announcement last month during a
visit of Gale E. Davis, Vice President,
and John P. Boler, of Mutual of Omaha.
Foremost among the benefits to be
provided will be the extension of hos-
pitalization insurance to employees
after retirement. According to Robert
Van Wagner, Chairman of the Insur-
ance Board which handles the plan for
Canal employees, anyone who retires
during the present year may continue
membership in the plan, even though
he may have retired this year prior to
the effective date of the new contract.
Of special interest to a large group of
employees who are already members is
the provision for full coverage on a non-
selective basis. This group is composed
of those employees who failed to join the
group plan during the initial campaign
and were thus admitted on a selective
basis. In these cases, insurance coverage
is not provided in case of hospitalization
for some chronic ailments. Under the
Officials of the Canal Zone Group Health Insurance Board and of the Mutual of
Omaha Insurance Co. agreed on increased benefits at no increase in premiums.*
*From left, seated: Jefferson Joseph, Ellis Fawcett, Gale E. Davis, Vice President of Mutual
of Omaha, Robert Van Wagner, Insurance Board Chairman, John P. Boler and Ivan D.
McCarty, of Omaha Mutual, Charles McG. Brandl. Standing, Dr. D. J. Paolucci, E. A.
Doolan, Personnel Director, and Rufus M. Lovelady.
new. contract, these employees will be
admitted to full coverage.
Other new benefits being written into
the new contract were: Increased pay-
ments for medical services during vaca-
tions away from. the Isthmus; surgical
benefits to cover pre-operative and diag-
nostic service before hospitalization for
surgery; coverage for emergency surgery
when hospitalization is not required; and
an increase in major medical benefits.
The additional benefits to be offered
under the group hospitalization plan this
year will be at no extra cost.
In announcing the one-month cam-
paign for membership, April 14 to May
15, Mr. Van Wagner said that the Insur-
ance Board does not presently contem-
plate offering this plan again in the
future on a nonselective basis. The
Board members feel that many em-
ployees failed to recognize the benefits
of the plan at the outset and expect
many to take advantage of this new
opportunity to join without restrictive
qualifications, he said.
Retail Store Improvement Program Outlined
A four-part program which will lead to
eventual improvements in the Panama
Canal Retail Stores is being worked out
by the Supply and Community Service
Bureau. Part of the program was out-
lined last month to retail store customers
by L. A. Ferguson, Director of the Bureau.
The four steps will be:
1. An analysis of the retail store and
service center operations; this has al-
ready been completed.
2. An analysis of retail store and serv-
ice center personnel, to see that the
"right people are in the right jobs,"
and that there is sufficient help in the
3. A training program for both sales
personnel and supervisors which will
serve not only to improve the service
but to familiarize these employees with
the operations and problems of the
Bureau as a whole.
4. An analysis of the merchandise, to
see that the stock offered is not only
what the customer wants but that it is
properly displayed. A better system of
stock control is part of this step.
Although not a step in the four-part
program, a measure which would supple-
ment it is a forthcoming visit from a rep-
resentative or representatives of the
American Merchandising Corp., which
does the bulk of the retail store drygoods
buying in the United States. This would
enable the AMC representative to see for
himself the type of merchandise which
customers prefer and advise the American
Merchandising Corp. buyers of the Canal
Speaking at one of the quarterly cus-
tomer forums last month, Mr. Ferguson
said that many retail store patrons fail to
take into account that several steps must
precede the last-the acquisition and dis-
play of merchandise. There is no point,
he said, in adding to the stock in the re-
tail stores, either in quantity or quality,
if the merchandise is not properly pur-
chased, properly marked, and properly
displayed in adequate space.
He stressed the fact that retail stores
in the Canal Zone are intended to supply
customers with the type of merchandise
necessary and convenient to their living
standards. The effects of the 1955 Treaty,
the resultant closing of several retail
outlets and the ensuing shift in personnel
have all had major effects on the retail,
as well as on the wholesale operations,
A representative from Gamboa com-
mented that although the combined
towns of Gamboa and Santa Cruz are as
large now as that community was during
the boom days of World War II, the com-
bined retail store there has only one U. S.
citizen on its staff, compared with the
several that were detailed there 15 or so
Mr. Ferguson told him that "flooding
an area" with personnel was not always
the answer to a retail store problem but
promised that the Gamboa situation,
along with that in other retail stores,
would be investigated and remedied as
soon as possible.
Part of the program to provide more
space for merchandise, Mr. Ferguson
added, is the addition to the Balboa
Retail Store. The'present building is
inadequate. No store in the United
States, he pointed out, could "do the
volume we do" in a building the size of
the Balboa store. Furthermore, the
structure is not modern and its fixtures
This addition would provide an addi-
tional 10,000 feet of floor space for the
main retail store building at Balboa,
equally divided between two floors. The
extra space on the first floor will permit
the retail store to expand and improve the
handling of its cold storage and bulk
items. The added space on the second
floor would allow for expansion of the
women's ready to-wear-department. No
details on this had been decided at the
time this REVIEW went to press.
2 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
A comprehensive review is to be under-
taken at an early date on engineering
data and cost estimates on the two major
Panama Canal improvement plans which
would provide ample transit capacity for
shipping in the foreseeable future.
The engineering study-a vital phase
of the long-range improvement plans
being developed by the Canal Company's
Board of Directors-will be primarily an
up-dating of plans and estimates prepared
10 years ago during the Isthmian Canal
Studies of 1947 on the Third Locks Proj-
ect and Plans II and III of that report.
The latter two are the Large Lock and
Sea Level Conversion proposals.
The review and related engineering
studies will be conducted by a selected
engineering and consulting firm. Rep-
resentatives of one firm, Parsons,
Brinckerhoff, Hall & MacDonald of New
York, have been on the Isthmus for the
past two weeks for consultations with
Canal officials on plans and extent of
the study, as well as terms of a contract.
The representatives are Maurice N.
Quade, a senior partner in the firm, and
H. Alden Foster and Robert B. Steven-
son, engineers. If negotiations are suc-
cessful, this will be the second time the
Canal Company has employed this com-
pany for a review of material in the 1947
studies and report. Three years ago the
firm prepared revised cost estimates for
the sea-level project and was confined pri-
marily to that phase. At that time the
estimated cost of the sea-level project was
revised upwards from 2.5 to 3.7 billion
The new study is by no means com-
parable to the 1955 work as it will encom-
pass not only a review of engineering data
with new and detailed cost estimates for
the third-locks, terminal-lake, and sea-
level projects, but additional engineering
studies. The latter will be required by
alternate proposals to the original plans.
These alternate subprojects include
larger locks and new channel alignments.
The report of the Isthmian Canal
Studies covered construction of a third
set of locks, utilizing excavation work
already completed, widening Gaillard Cut
to 500 feet, and deepening the channel
between Pedro Miguel and Gatun Locks.
The Large Lock plan, as outlined in
1947, provided for the construction of a
third flight of locks at Miraflores and
elimination of Pedro Miguel Locks, thus
making Miraflores Lake into a terminal
lake for the anchorage and handling of
vessels while awaiting lockage. The final
phase of Plan II provided for the replace-
ment of the existing Miraflores and Gatun
Locks with larger single-lock structures
and raising Gatun Lake level five feet
above its present minimum.
Under the studies to be conducted by
the engineering firm, the third locks and
Large Lock plans will be considered as
a single program, with a third set of locks
to be built first and followed later, when
traffic requires, by the development of the
terminal lake plan.
The 1947 report recommended dimen-
sions of 200 feet in width and 1,500 feet
in length for the third locks. The new
study will probably be based on the
same dimensions for the locks. How-
ever, the original plan would be changed
by locating the new Pedro Miguel Lock
alongside the existing lock structure,
rather than some distance away. This
would obviate the necessity for a con-
siderable amount of excavation required
for a north approach channel and would
No basic changes are proposed for the
new studies from the original recommen-
dations for a sea level waterway. : How-
ever, the firm will be asked to evaluate
the adequacy of those plans under exist-
ing conditions and determine other re-
quirements as necessary. The review will
cover such fields as construction methods,
excavation and heavy equipment, time
schedules, and personnel requirements in
light of changed conditions and engineer-
ing advancements of the past decade.
The objective of the extensive review
is to provide Panama Canal management
with an accurate and up-to-date picture
of the only two plans yet proposed for
altering the existing Canal to accommo-
date all shipping expected in the future.
Another major phase of the overall
study of the Canal capacity problem
undertaken a year ago by the Board of
Directors is the traffic projections in the
future. This study and report is being
made by the Stanford Research Institute
and is now nearing completion.
While the Canal capacity problem has
been a subject of intermittent study al-
most since the waterway was opened to
traffic 43 years ago, the Board's concern
with the problem has been sharpened
during the past few years by increased
traffic and the increasing size of ships. In
March of last year, an Ad Hoc Committee
was appointed composed of Governor
Potter as Chairman, and Maj. Gen. J. L.
Schley and Ralph A. Tudor, Directors, to
study both short-range and long-range
The short-range improvement plans
have already been initiated; at its meeting
here in January the Board directed the
Governor to expedite additional studies
on the problem. As a result of this action,
the Canal Company last month awarded
a contract to Gibbs & Hill, a New York
engineering consulting firm, to study and
make recommendations for improving
traffic control methods.
Coco Solo Community Center Opened
The formal opening last Tuesday of the
big community center at Coco Solo was a
v festive occasion for Atlantic side residents.
S- T While considerably more work remains
m to be done before the building is ready for
T.**jlH --- m_ full occupancy, the first floor was altered
cOBLa TAIo A BAR BI .in time for the opening of a food store,
_I .... a restaurant, and merchandising section of
.the Sales and Service Branch. Floor
S,,____ _____ o N* plans, at the left, show the location and
S, C 0'^ <> C' space allotted to these units as well as to
r the tailor, barber, and shoe repair shops
which are to be opened later.
Details of the formal inauguration were
S Aos still being planned when this REVIEW was
COMMISSARY MERCHAN PI closed, but an old-fashioned community
celebration, complete with ribbon-cutting
and free balloons, was being arranged.
itI -The big building, formerly used as a
S WAITI- sales store and recreation center by the
SNavy, has undergone extensive altera-
"-t t [ 1 t wLuNe tions to make it one of the most attractive
= .. -- units of the Sales and Service Branch.
A Work being done on the second floor is
scheduled for completion in time for the
transfer of the remaining units of the
ril 4. 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3 Cristobal Retail Store in about 4 months.
ENGINEERING FIRM WILL BE RETAINED TO REVIEW
PLANS AND ESTIMATES FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO CANAL
Pioneers in the program are, clockwise from Mrs. Josephine Jones: Sarah, Susie, Laura, Mike, and Ronnie.
Five Zone Children Go To School
Quintet of first graders learning
fast in brightly decorated
"It's time for our coffee break," Mrs.
Josephine. Jones told her handful of first
graders the other day. Her announce-
ment was greeted with the giggles proper
to such a fine joke.
Then Sarah, who is almost 11, got up
from the little desk where she had been
studying a peg board and handed a pair
of crutches to Susie, 5/. Susie slipped
her arms into the crutches and headed for
the next room, followed by Mike, who is
7, and Laura, a year younger. Ronnie,
7Y2, who doesn't move fast under his own
power, ended up the procession.
When the quintet had finished the
orange juice and cookies which had
been provided that morning by Susie's
mother (the mothers take turns fur-
nishing refreshments), the youngsters
went about their chores without a word
from Mrs. Jones. Sarah and Laura
washed the glasses and plates. Susie
wiped off the table. Mike swept the
floor so there'd be no crumbs to attract
ants, and Ronnie strawbossed the whole
performance. Then all returned to their
first-grade readers to unravel the fasci-
nating experiences of Puff and Sally.
Ordinarily there would be nothing un-
usual about such a performance in a
room full of Canal Zone first graders,
except the spread in the ages of the pupils.
But Sarah and Susie, Laura and Mike and
Ronnie aren't ordinary first graders.
They are among the first of the Canal
Zone's approximately 200 handicapped
children to get special training under a
While these five youngsters are hard at
work in their classroom, about 170 other
boys and girls, all Atlantic siders, are
taking remedial reading in classes con-
ducted by Mrs. Ethel McDermitt in the
schools at Cristobal, Margarita and Gatun.
Miss Marilyn Flynn, who grew up here,
is teaching speech correction to about 100
children on both sides of the Isthmus.
James Magary, psychologist for the
schools, has completed the testing of 34
children referred to him and has "re-
ferrals" to test 137 others.
When school reopens after the summer
vacation, special training will begin for
other handicapped boys and girls, includ-
ing children with sight or hearing difficul-
ties, children who are mentally retarded,
or those who need other types of special
Newcomers to the Canal Zone or
others whose children need special
education may receive additional
information on this or other
phases of this program by contact-
ing James M. Wolf, Director of
Special Education, Division of
Schools. His office is in the Civil
Affairs Building; his telephone
number is 2-2511.
teaching. Thirteen Canal Zone teachers
are now in colleges or universities in the
States training for this special work.
Sarah and Susie, et al, are all physically
handicapped and only one of them had
attended school before. Several of them
are cerebral palsy cases, one has an eye
defect and another is on crutches and has
to wear leg braces. They all seem quick
to learn, and in addition to reading and
writing they are being trained to fit into
a world of other little boys and girls who
can get around a bit better than these five.
They do their studying and creative
play in a colorful little suite of rooms on
the second floor of Gorgas Hospital's
Section D. Mrs. Marie Neal, who makes
her headquarters at the Balboa ele-
mentary school, is their principal.
Next year their classes will be moved to
a specially equipped room at the Balboa
school so that they will be able to mix
with other boys and girls of their own
ages, during free periods.
Their present quarters, which were
vacant when the school selected them as
a starting room, are airy and bright. The
roof of a portecochere is an outdoor play-
room in nice weather. One room is a
classroom proper, another a sort of project
room, and the third is a combination util-
ity room, storage room and bathroom.
The suite is' ornamented with oversize
Mother Goose and Walt Disney figures,
4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW April 4, 1958
4 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Susie uses her crutch every morning
to push the elevator's down button.
The children's mothers take turns providing fruit juice and cookies each morn-
ing for the "coffee break." Afterward the boys and girls do the cleaning up.
Coordination and muscle control are
developed by lacing up the big shoe.
painted on the walls by the skilled brush
of Tallu Jarvis of the Supply Division.
It took him only a day and a half, using
illustrations in books as models, to cover
the walls of the two main rooms.
At first a visitor wonders at the great
variety of toys on the shelves and book
cases, until he realizes that most of the
toys are designed to develop muscles and
skills which these children do not naturally
have. A shoe, for instance, almost big
enough to house the Old Woman and her
children, has two different-colored strings.
One is laced with the right hand, the other
with the left. Most of the children do it
with ease now, but they couldn't have a
few weeks ago.
The little school was started several
weeks ago with three students. One boy
or girl was added each week and two more
will probably join the group a little later.
Class hours are 8 a. m. to 11:30 a. m., but
not all of the youngsters can last that
long. One of the boys stayed, at first,
April 4, 1958 5
only an hour a day. His time is gradually
being lengthened but he still cries when
it is time for him to go home.
All the children have to rest at least
once during the morning. Mrs. Jones
says they almost "droop" when they
are tired, though they fight to keep
from giving up. The cot on which they
lie down is in the classroom so that
they don't feel isolated from the others.
With the exception of the special work
which has to be done with each of the
children, Mrs. Jones follows a regular first
grade curriculum. The children learn to
tell time from a little cardboard clock on
each desk. Changing the date on the
schoolroom calendar is a real ceremony
Teaching is tied in to current events
just as it is in other classrooms. Last
month the youngsters were working on
Armed Forces Day art; Mike turned out
a most creditable cruiser and an airplane.
Mrs. Jones is proud of her unique group.
A handsome woman with graying hair,
she taught in Florida for several years
before she came to the Canal Zone a little
over a year ago to visit her married
daughter. She liked the Canal Zone and
joined the teaching staff of the Canal Zone
schools. Her first post was at Margarita.
She spent last summer and the first se-
mester of this school year at Columbia
University in New York City preparing
to handle her present assignment.
Bright-colored charts on the wall help
a little girl who is learning to count.
Without a catnap now and then the children tire easily. They stretch out on
the little cot in a corner of the school room and get up considerably refreshed.
Canal's Highest Award
For Safety On-The-Job
Goes To T & T Bureau
The Transportation and Terminals
Bureau, whose employees are engaged in
such high-risk operations as stevedoring
and railroading, and whose motor vehicles
operate hundreds of thousands of miles
each year, is this year's winner of the
Governor-President Annual Safety Tro-
phy. The trophy, adopted in 1953, is
awarded annually to the Bureau achiev-
ing the highest percentage improvement
in accident-frequency rate over its own
previous annual three-year average.
The trophy was to be presented this
week in a ceremony on the Atlantic side.
Scheduled for presentation at the same
time were new awards to 21 supervisors,
for having no accidents to their men dur-
ing 1957, and awards to a representative
of each of 16 units for a similar record.
These awards are certificates signed by
the Lieutenant Governor-Vice President.
The Transportation and Terminals
Bureau is a first-time winner of the An-
nual Safety Trophy. When the trophy
was first presented, the Bureau had no
chance of winning. In 1953, it had had
92 disabling injuries and 7,052 lost-time
days, at a direct cost of $33,160.
However, by 1957 the Transportation
and Terminals Bureau had reduced its
disabling injuries to 28, its time loss to
848 days and the direct cost to $18,045.
This represents a 64 percent improve-
ment. Using the 1953 rate as a base, the
Bureau has avoided, at a minimum, a
possible 110 disabling injuries or fatalities
in this three-year period and has saved at
least $28,653 in compensation and medi-
cal costs, even without taking into con-
sideration allied costs and loss of time.
The final standings of
Bureaus are as follows:
Trans. & Term.. 16.39
Eng. & Constr. .- 6.33
Marine ------------ 8.83
Sup. & Com. Svlce. 4.76
Civil Affairs ------ 6.89
C.Z. Govt.-P.C.Co.- 7.97
FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION
SAFETY FIELD DAY
The picture above shows Col. H. W.
Schull, Jr., former Lieutenant Governor-
Vice President, cutting the ribbon which
opened the Third Annual Safety Field
Day, at Camp Bierd, April 13, 1957. This
was sponsored by the Rainbow City Civic
The Fourth Annual Safety Field Day
is being sponsored this year by the Santa
Cruz Civic Council in Gamboa, April 12,
1958. They plan to have a big day start-
ing off with a parade from the Gamboa
Railroad Station, soon after the arrival of
the early morning train, to Santa Cruz
Community Center, where a flag raising
ceremony will take place at 8:45 a. m. At
9 a. m. a formal program will be held in
the Santa Cruz Theater. The exhibits
are to be opened to the public at 10:30
a. m. and closed at 4:00 p. m.
Preliminary preparations indicate that
the safety exhibits will be bigger and
better than any put on so far. More and
more interest is being shown each year in
the various contests, so this year there
will be two First Aid Contests and two
Line Throwing Contests. In addition to
the First Aid Teams representing the
various Bureaus and Divisions, the vari-
ous Communities will send First Aid
Teams to take part in that contest. In
the morning the Locks Division plans to
hold an elimination contest to select their
three best line throwers. These three
have been challenged by teams from the
Navigation, Dredging, and Terminals
Divisions, which contest will be run off
in the afternoon.
A large crowd is expected from both
sides of the Isthmus, so preparations are
being made by the Service Center to pro-
vide both food and refreshments all during
the day. In addition to the train service,
there will be special busses from Panama
to Gamboa all during the day.
Come and spend
the day Safely!
The first Governor-President Trophy,
presented in April 1954, on the basis of
the record for the preceding calendar year,
was won by the Health Bureau, which
also won the trophy for its 1955 and 1956
records. The winner for 1954 was the
former Community Services Bureau, now
consolidated with the Supply and Com-
munity Service Bureau.
While the Governor-President Trophy
is the highest internal Safety award, the
Canal organization as a whole has won
National Safety Council awards. The
National Safety Council's Award of
Honor was presented to the Canal organi-
zation last June; this is the highest pos-
sible award. National Safety Council
Awards of Merit were presented to the
Canal organization in 1954 and 1956, for
records for the previous calendar year.
Engineering & Construction (H. Roll)-
Health (Honor Roll)----------
New York Operations (Honor Roll)-.
Supply & Community Service (H. Roll)
Transportation & Terminals.........
Civil Affairs --...---- --.
Marine ----- ----------
C. Z. Govt.-Panama Canal Company--
52 (23) 8
( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries included in total.
6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW April 4, 1958
6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
April 4, 1958
@ CIVIL DEFENSE
Twenty women of the Margarita-Cris-
tobal Civil Defense Volunteer Corps have
completed a first aid course and received
their American Red Cross and Canal
Zone Civil Defense First Aid cards and
certificates this week. Their instructor
was Mrs. Charlotte Kennedy.
This week's meeting will be the last
meeting of this group under its old name.
Hereafter the volunteers will be known as
the Margarita-Coco Solo Volunteer Corps.
At the presentation of the certificates on
April 2, the semi-annual election of officers
was also to be held.
Philip L. Dade, Chief, Civil Defense,
will attend the semiannual meeting of the
National Association of State and Territ-
torial Civil Defense Directors in Wash-
ington, D. C. The meeting will be held
at the Sheraton-Park Hotel from April
9 to 11.
Three Volunteer Corps towns will enter
first aid teams for the annual Safety Day
competition which will be held on April
12 at Santa Cruz. First aid classes are
being conducted at Paraiso and Santa
Cruz by William H. Gordon and another
at Rainbow City by Romeo Miller in
preparation for these events.
The Personnel Bureau is currently
naming employees to the various civil
defense positions they will be required to
fill in case of an emergency. Following
the appointments, brief training sessions
will be held to familiarize the employees
with their duties. Identification cards
and arm insignia will be distributed later.
Lt. Gov. H. M. Arnold has announced
that the Canal Zone will participate in
the National Federal Civil Defense exer-
cise "Operation Alert 1958" early in May.
APRIL VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS
Date Town Place Hour
2 Marg.-N. Cristobal Serv. Center 9:oo a. m.
9 Rainbow City School 6:30 p. m.
o10 Santa Cruz Serv. Center 8:oo p. m.
21 Paraiso School 7:30 p. m.
Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone
W. E. POTTER, Governor-President
HUGH M. ARNOLD, Lieutenant Governor
WILLIAM G. AREY, JR.
Panama Canal Information Officer
J. RUFUS HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR MCILHENNY, Assistant Editor
EUNICE RICHARD, Editorial Assistant
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publica-
tion date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year;
mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Pan-
ama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor,
THa PANAMA CANAL REVIzW, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
April 4, 1958 7
The 44-year-old Tarpon Club has gone modern. Now under con-
struction in a location with a spectacular view of the Chagres River
and Gatun spillway is a handsome new clubhouse (see accompany-
S III,". GCERALD A. DOYLE A DAVID A. YERKES
,0 4% .* V '"'' .... "
ing sketch) for the group which started in 1914 as the Gatun
Fishing Club. The new building, to be completed in June, has
folding doors or glass walls on the sides overlooking the view. In
addition to a dining room, bar, and kitchen, it contains a manager's
office, tackle room, quarters for a caretaker and a guest suite for
fishermen who want to get at their fishing earlier in the morning
than they would if they had to start from home.
Planning to vote in the fall elections? Information as to how resi-
dents of the Canal Zone may obtain ballots for absentee voting are
contained in a booklet called "Voting Information," prepared by
the Department of Defense. Copies are available at the Canal
Zone Library; each Bureau Director also has copies. Ballot appli-
cation forms are available at the Office of the Personnel Programs
ROTC officers are changing again. Captain Christopher Wheeler,
who has been with the ROTC unit at Balboa High School for the
past three years, is leaving May 23 for his new post at Fort Sill,
Okla. His duties as Assistant Professor of Military Tactics and
Training will be combined with those of Major Robert Stokes, who
heads the ROTC in Balboa and Cristobal High Schools. Another
imminent departure is that of Lt. Luke Callaway, of Cristobal, who
is leaving April 19 for Fort Campbell, Ky. He will be succeeded
by Captain A. L. Swaney who is now tatirn -l with the First Battle
Group, 20th Infantry, at Fort Kobbe.
It's time for polio inoculations. Final inoculations in the series of
three will be given this month, at a date to be announced later, to
those who took the first two inoculations at the Industrial Division
Aid Station in Mount Hope. Pacific siders received their final
inoculations this week at the Administration Building and at the
Industrial Area in Balboa.
How's your Spanish? Company-Government employees and their
wives or husbands are welcome to join the Isthmian Spanish Con-
versation Club which meets every other week at the Quarry Heights
Officers Club. Anyone eligible for membership in an officers' club
is eligible for membership in the Spanish Club, which has no rules,
regulations, dues, or formality. Capt. C. E. Mott, USN, at Quarry
Heights 4293 or 4296, or Mrs. L. H. De Armas, at Balboa 4281,
have further details.
The Canal Zone got some radio publicity last month. An interview
with Governor Potter, recorded here recently by Virgil M. Pinkley,
California editor, publisher, and news commentator, was broadcast
recently over the 576 stations of the Mutual Network. Mr. Pinkley
has been the publisher and editor of the Los Angeles Mirror, now
the Mirror-News, since 1948.
through Panama Canal
joins two areas
by the Andes
The Panama Canal provides for Peru a
service unique among all the maritime
nations it serves.
It is the link in a 6,000-mile water route
uniting two areas in Peru barely 500 land
miles apart. This unusual trade route
connects Callao and other Peruvian ports
on the Pacific with the important river
port of Iquitos in the Amazon drainage
basin on the other side of the Andes.
Vessels reach Iquitos by travelling up the
On no other regular lines through the
Canal do ships travel so far to end their
journeys so near their departure points.
While traffic and commodity movement
is small on this run, it is important to
Iquitos and other sections of Peru, east
of the Andes.
Generally, the Canal's value to shipping
is measured in the miles it saves, and this
is true for other trade routes serving
Peru. When the Canal was opened in
August 1914, it brought Callao and other
Peruvian ports along the Pacific several
thousand miles closer to the great world
trade centers in the Atlantic.
Fifty years ago, sailing ships tacked
10,000 miles around South America to
reach Callao from Liverpool and 9,500
miles from New York to pick up cargoes
of sugar, cotton, or hides. Today, ships
save about 5,000 miles of travel between
Callao and Liverpool and some 6,000 miles
on the New York to Callao voyage by
using the Panama Canal.
The effect of these mileage savings-
about the maximum of any trade routes
through the Canal-has been vital in
Peru's economic development. This has
been more discernible in the Canal's com-
modity statistics of the past few years
than ever before in the waterway's op-
erating history as a result of Peru's rapid
economic growth of the past 10 years and
the opening of the rich iron ore mines off
the Bay of San Juan.
In the fiscal year 1951 commodity ship-
ments through the Canal to Peru aggre-
gated 417,000 tons.
Last year more than twice that amount,
1,093,000 tons, was moved through the
waterway to Peru.
Traffic figures in the opposite direction
are even more impressive.
Shipments from Peru through the Canal
which aggregated only 539,000 tons in
1951 were seven times as great in the fis-
cal year 1957 when Peruvian shipments
totaled 4,850,000 tons.
This spectacular increase, particu-
larly the Pacific to Atlantic movement,
was largely brought about by the devel-
opment of the exceptionally high-grade
iron ore deposits a few miles inland
from San Juan Bay on the country's
southern coast. The first shipment of
this iron ore went through the Canal
in May 1953. Last year 2,733,000 tons
of Peruvian iron ore were shipped
through the waterway to iron and steel
manufacturing centers in the United
States and Europe.
The increased commodity shipments
through the Canal to Peru in the past
seven years are attributed in large part to
the broad economic development pro-
gram sponsored by the Peruvian Govern-
ment which affects such diverse fields as
agriculture, mining, manufacturing, con-
struction, communications, and electric
power. Like Chile, and most of the other
South American nations, Peru is making
a concentrated effort to diversify and
broaden its internal and external income-
producing industries and thus free itself
of dependence on two or three national
products which are subject to wide fluc-
tuations in world markets.
In few other countries of the world
have events of the past left such an in-
delible imprint as in Peru where the ages
of history are visible in ruins of buildings,
cities, and engineering projects built long
before the dawn of the Christian era.
The backdrop for this lure to thousands
of visitors annually is some of the most
magnificent scenic grandeur of the west-
Historically, Peru has the closest con-
nections with the Isthmus of Panama of
of any non-contiguous country. Next
November 14 will mark the 434th anni-
versary of the departure of Francisco
Pizarro from Panama for the exploration,
and later conquest, of one of the most
fabulous empires ever built in the history
The bond established by Pizarro on his
voyages of conquest was soon firmly
cemented by a flow of gold, silver, and
other riches of the Incan Empire which
still staggers the imagination. Almost all
of this great wealth was shipped in gal-
leons to Panama and crossed the Isthmus
by slave labor or mule train for transship-
ment to Spain.
Even today seekers of antiquity and/or
treasure along the Cruces Trail near the
banks of the Panama Canal hope to find
some gold or silver trinket which might
have been dropped four centuries ago.
There is no estimate of the wealth
gathered by the Spanish conquerors
from the Incan Empire, but fragments
of history give glimpses of its value.
When Atahualpa, the reigning Inca,
was captured in 1533, he paid a room
full of gold and two full of silver as
ransom, only to be executed a short
time later. It is also known that the
Incan wealth, supplemented by rudi-
mentary mining, provided the entire
civilized world with gold for nearly all
of its money through the centuries of
Spanish rule. Between 1630 and 1803,
the Andes produced over $5,000,000,000
worth of silver, with $1,250,000,000 com-
ing from Peruvian mines.
During the three centuries after Piza-
rro's conquest, streams of adventurers and
colonists arrived in Peru, attracted by
stories of its fabulous wealth. Lima, one
of the proudest capitals of the New World,
was founded in 1535 and became head-
quarters of the most powerful viceroyalty
of Spain with jurisdiction over all of South
America, except Venezuela, up to and
8 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Because of Peru's importance to the
mother country, it was among the last
colonies to gain independence, finally pro-
claimed July 28, 1821. The early period
of Peruvian independence was marked by
political turbulence. It was not until
about the middle of the last century, when
Marshal Ramon Castilla served two
terms as President, that a stable govern-
ment was established. He instituted
many reforms which included the adop-
tion in 1860 of a constitution which re-
mained in force until 1919.
Throughout the colonial period and for
many years after its independence, Peru
depended upon the Isthmus of Panama
as one of its principal routes to the Atlan-
tic markets. Aside from the perilous trip
around the Horn for sailing vessels, the
distance from Callao, Peru's principal
port, to Panama was considerably less
than to the tip of South America. Thus
all except very bulky merchandise could
be sent to Panama and transshipped at
considerably less cost than that shipped
around Cape Horn.
This Isthmian trade was greatly stim-
ulated in 1840 when the Pacific Steam
Navigation Company established a steam-
ship line between Panama and the ports
of Callao and Valparaiso. The company
established marine repair shops and a
coaling station on Taboga Island but
these facilities were moved to Callao about
25 years later after a controversy with the
Panama Railroad on the subject of
through freight rates. Thereafter, Pa-
cific Steam Navigation Company sent its
steamers around South America.
(This and other managerial errors
about the same time caused the Pana-
ma Railroad business to sink to an all-
time low; during this period it earned
its famous description of "two streaks
While the movement of Peruvian goods
to the Isthmus for transshipment was
satisfactory for such items as gold, silver,
and quinine, it was uneconomical for
bulky products and those requiring rapid
delivery even in the days of sailing ships.
Consequently, the development of Peru's
great potential as an exporting nation had
been hampered before the Canal was
opened, even more than that of Chile, be-
The Ore Prince, right, can carry 40,000
tons of Peruvian iron ore on one trip.
April 4, 1958 9
Minerals, left, and cotton, at right,
shown here being loaded aboard ship,
are two leading exports from Peru.
cause of the extra mileage on trade routes
to Europe and North America.
After the removal of the PSNC ships
from the Panama run, there was a period
of about 40 years in which the movement
of Peruvian products to the Isthmus for
transshipment was negligible. However,
about five years before the Canal was
opened in August 1914, the Peruvian
Line established a direct steamship serv-
ice between Callao and Balboa, which
was extended a few years later as far
south as Mollendo.
Just a year after the Canal was opened
the Peruvian Line extended its service to
Cristobal, the SS Ucayali making the
first trip from Mollendo to Cristobal on
August 11, 1915. The following year the
line established a permanent office in
Cristobal, at which time it was providing
a weekly passenger and freight service.
The line opened a service to European
ports in July 1920.
An interesting highlight of the Canal's
early operating history is the fact that the
Peruvian torpedo destroyer Teniente Rod-
riguez was the first vessel of war to transit
the Canal. Its trip from Cristobal to
Balboa on August 16, 1914, was made
just two days after the Canal was opened.
The 460-ton warship, incidentally,
pioneered the unique trade route be-
tween Iquitos and Callao. The de-
stroyer had been on a trip up the Ama-
zon River to Iquitos and was returning
to the Pacific coast at the time.
While the flow of trade over this trade
route has been small, it has been impor-
tant in the development of Peru's Ama-
zon or eastern area. Cut off from Lima
by the lofty Andes and miles of jungle,
Iquitos looked to Brazil and Europe for
trade and cultural development. With
the opening of the Canal, Peruvian ships
could make the trip around the top of
South America in less than half the time
required to go around the Horn.
Even today, with a highway from Cal-
lao to Pucallpa on the Ucayali River which
connects with Iquitos by river barges, it
is cheaper for large shipments of lumber
and other tropical goods to travel from
Iquitos down the Amazon and through
the Canal to Peru's Pacific ports. A few
years ago the Peruvian Government dis-
assembled a petroleum refinery in north-
ern Peru and shipped it through the
Canal for reassembly at Iquitos.
During recent years cargo moving an-
nually over this route has amounted to
about 10,000 tons. Most of the ship-
ments from Iquitos consist of lumber,
while from Callao shipments too heavy
and bulky to ship over the land and
river route are moved through the Canal.
Peru's foreign commerce was at a low
ebb during the early 1900's, and most of
her external commerce went to Europe or
to her southern neighbor, Chile. The out-
break of World War I did not affect
Peru's external trade as radically as it did
that of Chile whose exports had been
largely nitrate sold to Germany.
For many years before the Panama
Canal was opened, Peru's biggest trading
partner had been Great Britain, with
Chile ranking second, and the United
The opening of the Canal greatly stim-
ulated trade with the United States. The
year after the waterway opened, the
United States took first place in the
amount of imports to Peru and in the
purchase of the nation's products. Mean-
while, however, Peru's trade with Eng-
land continued heavy as the British
maintained control of the sea lanes.
The vitalizing effect of the opening of
the Panama Canal upon Peru's com-
merce is best illustrated by comparative
import and export figures for the years
1914,land 1915. Statistics furnished
by sources in Peru for the years show
Even before the days of steam, vessels jammed Callao's harbor, port for Lima.
Sailing craft made the long hazardous trip around the tip of South America.
the total value of imports and exports at
$71,135,500 in 1915, in comparison with
$66,163,500 in 1914, an increase of some
7.5 percent. Goods exported increased in
value from $42,668,000 in 1914 to
$56,070,000 the following year.
Although then, as now, Peru was one of
the richest nations on earth in mineral
resources; her agricultural exports far
exceeded those from the mining industry.
In 1915, the seven leading exports and
the only ones with value of more than
Sugar --------------------- $14,485,000
Minerals and ores (other than
gold, silver, tungsten, and
Petroleum, crude -----------
Sheep wool_----------------- 1,067,000
The next five leading exports in order,
ranking in value between one half and one
million dollars were gold, rice, skins, kero-
sene, and silver.
Among the first Peruvian exports in
substantial quantities to be shipped
through the Canal was sugar. In De-
cember 1914, two shiploads of raw sugar
came through the Canal the same day,
bound from Eten, Peru, to England.
One ship, the Atlantic City, carried 7,610
tons, and the SS Nyansa carried 5,750
tons; these were the first whole cargoes of
sugar to be moved through the Canal.
While the opening of the Canal brought
Peruvian ports thousands of miles nearer
to the big world markets located in the
Atlantic, its corollary effect of attracting
capital for the development of the na-
tion's resources was perhaps proportion-
ately greater than for any other country
the Canal serves. A succeeding article
on this great South American nation
with 1,400 miles of coastline on the
Pacific will present some of the present-
day aspects of Peru and her economic
To Be Laid Up
Plans to lay up the 28-inch suction dredge Mindi, above, for two years begin-
ning the end of this year were announced in March. The tug Chame will also be
placed in reserve. The two pieces of Floating equipment have a complement of
150, a number of whom will be transferred to other Dredging Division activities.
Chest X-ray Program
Is Again Under Way
For Canal Employees
The never-ending round of chest exam-
inations for Company-Government em-
ployees has come full circle again. In
February, the last Pacific side employees
reported in for their annual chest X-rays,
and in March the procession started
again, led this year by employees of the
Comptroller's office on the Pacific side.
The program on the Atlantic side follows
about a month later.
This year, for the first time, tuberculin
testing of school children is being planned.
The tuberculin test commonly used in the
States will include many more pupils in
the detection program. Only those over
15 years of age were X-rayed previously.
In an announcement of the beginning
of the new cycle of chest X-rays, Health
Bureau officials pointed out that the X-
ray examinations are valuable not only
to determine the presence of tuberculosis,
but also in diagnosing other ailments.
Of the total of 19,433 chest X-rays
taken from May 1956 through February
of this year, 545 showed "suspicious"
cases. These included X-rays of 140
known tuberculosis patients. A total of
147 of the 545 "suspicious" X-rays led to
the diagnosis of new cases. Since last
July-figures for the preceding period
have not been compiled-the chest survey
uncovered 37 cases of such other ailments
as enlarged hearts, cancer and other
tumors, or fungus infections of the lungs.
The chest X-rays this year will be
given with the assistance of a new ma-
chine now being added at the Gorgas
Hospital X-ray Clinic. The equipment
is shielded to conform to Public Health
Some individuals, Health Bureau of-
ficials said, have been apprehensive as to
possible effects from repeated X-ray
examinations. Radiation protection stan-
dards have been developed by the Na-
tional Academy of Sciences, the National
Research Council, and the National Com-
mittee on Radiological Protection and
Measurement and are followed here. An
individual need have no fear of injury
either to the person examined or to his
children. It has been estimated that a
person can withstand several hundred
chest X-rays before the maximum yearly
permissable dose is reached.
The Secretary of the Army, shown
at the Miraflores Locks, is a Very
Important Person in Canal Zone
affairs. He is supervisor of the ad-
ministration of the Canal Zone Gov-
ernment, Stockholder (i. e., repre-
sentative of the United States as
owner) of the Panama Canal Com-
pany, and a member of the Com-
pany's Board of Directors. This
week Secretary of the Army Wilber
M. Brucker visited the Canal Zone.
Zonians had an opportunity to hear
him when he spoke Monday after-
noon at the Balboa theater in one of
the "Outward Look" series of talks.
10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW April 4, 1958
10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Here's the man who
If Capt. Warner Scott Rodimon could
have his way, he would spend most of his
working hours aboard ships going through
the Panama Canal. There is nothing
more satisfying in his job as Marine Di-
rector, he says, than watching a great ship
slide smoothly into a lock chamber where
clearances are so slim that space is mea-
sured in feet and sometimes in inches.
But the duties of running the largest
Bureau in the Panama Canal organiza-
tion keep him pretty well tied down to
his breezy office in the Administration
Building overlooking Balboa Harbor.
(When the Administration Building was
first occupied, the office for "Canal Trans-
portation" was roughly where the Comp-
troller now sits. From its windows a fine
expanse of railroad track, but little of the
waterway itself, was visible.) Because he
is so much occupied at Balboa Heights,
Captain Rodimon can snatch only an oc-
casional transit on a new or difficult ship.
From the moment a ship enters Pan-
ama Canal waters it is under the opera-
tional control of the Marine Bureau.
An incoming ship is met by a boarding
party from the Port Captain's office of
the Navigation Division, taken through
the Canal by a pilot from the Navigation
Division and lifted up and down over
the Canal's "staircase over the moun-
tains" by the Bureau's Locks Division.
If a ship needs repairs, these are done
by the Bureau's Industrial Division.
In addition to seeing that the greatest
volume ofr traffic the Panama Canal has
ever handled-over 10,000 ships last
year-flows smoothly from ocean to ocean
during normal periods, the Marine Di-
rector must also keep the ships moving
with as little interruption as possible
during the periodic overhauls of the Locks.
He is ultimately responsible for the term-
inal harbor operations and the safe moor-
ing of non-transiting ships. The Thatcher
Ferry, which plies steadily back and forth
across the Canal, and Miraflores Bridge
come under his direction. It is up to the
Marine Director to see that all of the
Canal's floating equipment is maintained
in proper condition.
Should a ship be so unfortunate as to
meet with an accident in the Canal's
waters, the Marine Director, as Supervis-
ing Inspector of the Board of Local In-
spectors, must have the accident investi-
gated, determine the "findings of fact,"
and render an opinion as to cause.
Licenses for all small craft using the
Canal waters are issued from his office.
At almost any hour of the day a passerby
can see one or more small craft owners or
operators seated around a long table in
the Marine Director's outer office, taking
examinations to qualify for these licenses.
By tradition, the Marine Director of
the Panama Canal Company (and the
Marine Superintendent in the days of
The Panama Canal) is Acting Governor
when the Governor and Lieutenant
Governor are away from the Isthmus at
the same time. Since his arrival about
two years ago Captain Rodimon has
served three stints as Acting Governor.
In his official capacity, he is Chairman
of the Board of Admeasurement, which is
concerned with tolls matters for transit-
ing vessels. He is also Chairman of the
Committee on Admission to Military
Academies, which recommends to the
Governor the principal nominee and alter-
nates for the Canal Zone's regular appoint-,
ments to the Army, Navy, and Air Force
Academies. The Merchant Marine Acad-
emy at Kings Point, N. Y., has recently
been added to this list.
As Marine Director, Captain Rodimon
is also a member of the working panel of
the Ad Hoc committee on Canal improve-
ments. This group is presently engaged
in the development of a long-range study
to determine what action should be taken
to accommodate the traffic volume antici-
pated for the Panama Canal as well as
handle the increasing size of ocean-going
vessels. It is estimated that any major
change in the Canal should be started 10
years in advance of contemplated com-
The Panama Canal Company's Marine
Director, a six-footer, plus, whose long
legs take the Administration Building's
steps in two's or three's, was no stranger
to the Canal Zone when he was named to
his present post. He served here for a
year during the early 1930's when, as a
very junior ensign, he was stationed
aboard the flagship Rochester of the old
Special Service-familiarly known as
Social Service-Squadron. During the
years before the last war, he transited the
Canal several times, saw the rise of the
Balboa, Atlas, and El Rancho beer gar-
dens, and the demise of the Metropole
and the Century Club.
Born in Northampton, Mass., a
State's width away from "blue water,"
Captain Rodimon grew up with the idea
that he wanted to be a sailor. He thinks
this boyhood aspiration might have
come from his admiration for a favorite
uncle who served in the Navy during the
first World War.
April 4, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
He had had one year at what is now the
University of Massachusetts, at Amherst,
when he won a senatorial appointment to
the Naval Academy at Annapolis, from
which he was graduated in 1929. Since
then he has really seen the world, on sea
duty on destroyers, cruisers, and battle-
ships, and on shore duty in the United
States and abroad.
During the last war, Captain Rodimon
served as Air Defense Officer aboard the
light cruiser Boise in Philippine and Indo-
nesian waters, and in the same post on the
battleship Massachusetts off Casablanca
during the landings in North Africa. He
was in command of the destroyer Hope-
well before and during the Philippine land-
ings and was commander of a destroyer
division when the war ended. After the
war he commanded the attack transport
Briscoe during the first atom bomb tests
at Bikini, which makes him probably the
first and one of the few Canal Zonians to
have seen an actual nuclear explosion.
His last assignment before he came here
was as commander of a destroyer squad-
ron in the Atlantic Fleet, operating off the
East Coast and in European waters.
His shore duty posts have included
several tours in Washington and two
years in Oslo as Chief of the Naval Section
of the Military Assistance Advisory
Group. There he was lucky enough to
relearn skiing without breaking a leg-
the usual fate in Norway of Englishmen,
Americans, and Danes.
Captain Rodimon lives with his wife,
Dorothea, and their 10-year-old son,
Scott, in one of the two official houses just
uphill from the Administration Building.
Aside from golf, which he shoots with a
20-stroke handicap, or swimming, which
he enjoys at the white sand beaches in the
Interior, or annoying his family by taking
their pictures, he has no particular hobbies.
If he had had his choice, he says, he
could have chosen no more interesting
job than his present assignment, es-
pecially at this period when Canal traf-
fic is at an all time high and there is a
new appreciation generally of the sig-
nificance of nearby Latin America.
Capt. W. S. Rodimon, Marine Director; ships are his business.
April 4; 1958
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Last Two Of Nine Canal
Men Will Start Courses
With AMA This Month
Two young men from the Canal organ-
ization are going back to school late this
month. On April 28, B. I. Everson, Trans-
portation and Terminals Director, and
T. E. Burrow, Assistant to the Chief of
the Executive Planning Staff, will start
a four-week management course at Sar-
anac Lake, N. Y., given by the American
They will be the last of the nine
Canal employees who have taken AMA
training or refresher courses this fiscal
year. Plans are already being made for
other Canal employees, in executive
positions, to take similar training dur-
ing the coming fiscal year.
Among them will be Roger W. Adams,
Chief of the Motor Transportation Divi-
sion, who is scheduled to attend two
AMA courses next fall in New York City.
One will be a refresher course planned for
department heads, the other, a five-day
course in cost reduction.
Others slated for the AMA training
during the coming fiscal year have not
yet been named.
Two representatives of the Transpor-
tation and Terminals Bureau have al-
ready taken AMA courses this year. E.
B. O'Brien, Jr., Superintendent of the
Terminals Division, was in New York
City from January 6-31. Three weeks of
this period was spent in an American
Management Association Course on Ex-
ecutive Action and the remaining week
he was on duty with the New York Office
of the Panama Canal Company, studying
cargo handling and pier operations of
various shipping lines.
Donald R. Brayton, Supervisory Rail-
road Transportation Specialist for the
Railroad Division, returned to the Canal
Zone last month after taking a course
given by the American Management As-
sociation in Philadelphia on Supervisory
Development. After finishing the AMA
course, he spent three weeks with the
Pennsylvania Railroad, studying opera-
tions, rates, and personnel management.
Three representatives of the Supply
and Community Service Bureau were
AMA students earlier this year. Jack
Randall, of the Bureau's housing oper-
ation, took an orientation seminar on
managerial performance in New York
City in January, while Philip S. Thorn-
ton, Supervisor of Hotels and Restau-
rants, and J. 0. DesLondes, Supply Ad-
ministrative Officer in the Storehouse
Branch, took the same four-week
course on "Executive Action" attended
by Mr. O'Brien.
Other American Management Associ-
ation students were Capt. William J.
Steffens, Chief of the Steamship Division
of the New York Operations, who at-
tended the AMA course in managerial
performance in New York with Mr. Ran-
dall, and William de la Mater of the Ex-
ecutive Planning Staff who was in New
York City in December for an AMA
orientation seminar on electronic data
processing. While Mr. de la Mater was
in the States he also attended a week's
course given by the International Busi-
ness Machine Company in Poughkeepsie.
50 Years Ago
The old was giving way to the new in
the Canal Zone 50 years ago this month.
The old village of Gatun, whose 110
buildings housed and served a population
of 600, was being moved to its new site
about two miles away on the new line
of the Panama Railroad. The village was
on the site of Gatun Dam.
Meanwhile, at Gatun, experimental work
was under way on a large scale to investi-
gate the soils and rocks which would be
used in the construction of the dam there.
The exploration included the digging of a
100-foot-deep pit, 20 feet square, on what
was known as Gatun Island.
Two slides, of what THE CANAL REC-
ORD described as a "comparatively novel
character," developed on the upper level
of Culebra Cut in April 1908. The slides
were unusual in that they occurred dur-
ing the dry season and the bulk of ma-
terial composing them was dry. The first
slide, on the west bank of the Cut, in-
volved about 40,000 cubic yards of ma-
terial. It undermined two houses at New
Culebra and reached within 35 feet of the
village's main street. The second slide,
much larger, involved about 100,000 cu-
bic yards and was directly opposite the
village of Las Cascadas.
The first passenger train was run over
the "new" Paraiso cut-off on April 14,
1908. The new line, which left the old Pan-
ama Railroad line north of the Pedro Mi-
guel station, crossed the canal on a 500-foot
trestle. The switch was necessary because
of the increasing excavation for Pedro Mi-
The top of the dam at the Mount Hope
Reservoir was being raised five feet to
give an increased capacity of 120 million
gallons, making the reservoir's capacity
585 million gallons-equivalent to a
three months' supply of water.
At a meeting April 27, 50 years ago,
the Isthmian Canal Commission authorized
the employment of "two competent dentists."
They were to be carried on the ICC rolls
and would draw salaries of $1,800 a year.
In addition, they would be entitled to charge
ICC employees for dental work performed
Monday was apple-pie day and Sunday
fig-pie day in the Canal Zone 50 years
ago this month when the Cristobal bak-
ery began to supply fresh pies, other pas-
try, and rolls to all of the Isthmian Canal
Commission's hotels, messes, and to the
employees in general. The bakery pro-
vided seven varieties of pie, one for each
day of the week. Cake also came in
seven varieties, ranging from jelly squares
to wine cake.
25 Years Ago
The month got off to a bad start for
Zonians 25 years ago. On April 1, a flat
15-percent pay cut became effective, to
last through June, at least. A few days
later employees learned that for the re-
mainder of the fiscal year they would
receive only regular pay for overtime,
night or day, or Sunday and holiday work.
Any previously-authorized differential for
night work was cut in half.
Representatives of the American Feder-
ation of Government Employees and of the
Canal Zone Women's League immediately
petitioned Gov. J. L. Schley for a cut in
the cost of living in the Canal Zone. They
asked for reduction in the cost of electricity,
water, theater tickets, etc.
About mid-April, 25 years ago, Canal
Zone authorities were notified by Wash-
ington that the "importation, possession,
and transportation of 3.2 beer" was legal
in the Canal Zone. The news whetted
the thirst of a good many Zonians who
had been envying friends and relatives in
many parts of the United States who had
been enjoying legal beer for a month.
Beer manufactured in Panama soon
went on sale at many Canal Zone locations,
notably military posts, and was delivered
to both civilian and military households.
The Panama Government, however, for-
mally protested the sale in the Canal Zone
of any U. S.-manufactured beer.
10 Years Ago
In Washington, the President of the-
National Federation of American Ship-
ping told the House Merchant Marine
and Fisheries Committee that the Pan-
ama Canal should be operated from tolls
collected from all vessels, without deficit
and without profit. In his testimony, he
stressed the Canal's importance to na-
Ranking medical officers from the Armed
Services spent three days in the Canal Zone
surveying medical and hospital facilities in
the area. The committee had been appointed
by Defense Secretary James Forrestal to
coordinate the operation of medical and hos-
pital services "for efficiency and economy."
Another local survey, this time a one-
man job, was that made by Secretary of
Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbach. He made
a round trip to the Isthmus on the Pan-
ama Line to gather information on labor
The Canal Zone became a haven in April
1948, for over 200 men, women, and child-
ren who were flown here from Bogota after
the Ninth Inter-American Conference was
broken up by rioting which followed the
assassination of Liberal leader Jorge Gaitdn.
E. C. Lombard was appointed Assist-
ant Executive Secretary of the Panama
Canal. He succeeded C. M. Lupfer, who
retired in March.
One Year Ago
Canal Zone firemen, a year ago, bat-
tled flames aboard the 5,000-ton British
freighter Hoperange, en route from Baton
Rouge to Japan with a load of soybeans.
The fire broke out when the ship was
only a few miles from the Pacific entrance
to the Canal. The construction of the
ship and the fire in the engine room were
similar to the disastrous fire and subse-
quent explosion on the freighter Lisholt
a few years earlier.
John T. Ridgley, former Pennsylvania
Railroad official, died suddenly at Gorgas
Hospital less than a week after he arrived
here to serve as consultant for the Panama
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW April 4, 1958
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Panel Of Engineers Visits
Consultants named by Congress to study the Canal problem spent a busy week here. Left, aboard ship;* right, at Locks.
*From left: Capt. W. S. Rodimon Marine Director; Capt. Harald Grube, master of the Mexican Reefer on which the group made a partial
Canal transit; Dr. S. C. Hollister, Chairman of the consultants' group; Lt. Gov. H. M. Arnold; Bernard Zincke, Counsel for the House Merchant
Marine and Fisheries Committee; John E. Slater; Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Engineering and Construction Director; Francis S. Friel; Hartley Rowe;
and E. Sydney Randolph.
Accompanied by Bernard J. Zincke, LeTourneau towing devices, the panel of consultants inspected Con-
Counsel for the House Merchant Marine Combined with their field trips were tractors Hill and saw the construction
and Fisheries Committee, a group of several briefing sessions by Governor project now under way at Bend 1868,
prominent engineers spent a week here Potter and members of his staff. watched the traffic-dispatching system
last month getting an on-the-spot look In one session, in the Model Room at in operation at the Balboa Port Captain's
at the Panama Canal and its operations. Diablo Heights, the consultants heard office, and inspected locks overhaul work
The first-hand look was a return to fa- Governor Potter outline the action al- at Miraflores Locks. This was followed
miliar places for two of the Board of Con- ready taken to develop a plan to meet a discussion of possible accelerated
sultants, Hartley Rowe and E. Sydney future Canal requirement. Hugh Norris, by a discussion of possible accelerated
Randolph, both of whom had worked the Canal's economist, presented a traffic overhaul procedures.
with the Canal during construction days. forecast and discussed the increasing In another executive session, the Gov-
During their week here, the consultants growth in ship sizes. Col. Hugh M. ernor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller,
had a busy schedule. They transited Arnold, Lieutenant Governor and Vice Marine Director, and other officials dis-
from Pedro Miguel to Gatun aboard the President, discussed the short-range Canal cussed the general problems involved in
Danish-registered vessel, Mexican Reefer, improvement plan and outlined the status any improvement program, and the fund-
rode towing locomotives down Gatun of the long-range studies. ing aspects of the various proposals under
Locks, and saw a demonstration of the After the meeting in the Model Room, existing law.
Preliminary Designs For Bridge Over Canal
Will Be Reviewed Here By Board Next Week
The first meeting of the Board of Con-
sultants for the construction of the high-
level bridge over the Canal at Balboa has
been scheduled for Thursday, April 10,
in the Canal Zone.
Preliminary design studies for the
bridge and its approaches were to be
completed this week by Sverdrup &
Parcel, the St. Louis firm employed for
the design. These will be submitted to
the consultants with a view to deter-
mining the type of bridge and exact
alignment of spans and approaches.
Members of the consulting board are
Ralph A. Tudor, Panama Canal Company
Board member; Roland E. Davis, Dean
Emeritus of the University of West Vir-
ginia; F. C. Turner, Deputy Commis-
sioner and Chief Engineer of the Bureau
of Public Roads; Edward B. Burwell, Jr.,
retired Chief Geologist of the Office of the
Chief of Engineers; and Aymar Embury
II, bridge architect of New York.
All members of the board have indi-
cated they will attend except Mr. Turner,
who will be represented by E L. Erick-
son, Chief of the Bridge Design Division
of the Bureau of Public Roads.
Brice Smith, Vice President of Sverdrup
& Parcel, is to be here to present the find-
ings to the Board of Consultants. He will
be accompanied by Theodore Shields,
Chief Bridge Designer.
Governor Potter is to leave soon after
the consultants' meeting to attend the
quarterly meeting of the 'Company's
Board of Directors to be held in Wash-
ington, D. C., April 12, at which time
he will report on progress and proposed
plans for the bridge project.
Preliminary core drilling for the bridge
and approaches were completed during
the past month. Some additional drilling
will be required to determine exact sub-
surface conditions after final decision on
alignment and pier locations.
It is presently expected that final de-
sign of the bridge and its approaches can
be undertaken by the contract designers
at an early date after the meeting of the
consulting board. Specifications are to
be ready for the first invitations for actual
construction work to be issued some time
late this calendar year, provided construc-
tion funds become available.
April 4, 1958 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13
A real interloper is this little palm
growing in the heart of a poincianna
tree near the Administration Building.
The seed was probably sown by a bird.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
February 15 through March 15
Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between February 15 and March 15
are listed below. Within-grade promotions
are not reported.
Clyde S. LaClair, from Photographer to
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mrs. Wanda J. Jenkins, from Substitute
Teacher to Elementary School Teacher.
Mrs. Frances T. Palumbo, from Recrea-
tion Assistant to Substitute Teacher.
James A. Parsons, Ernest G. Mika, from
Patrolman, Locks Security Branch, to Po-
liceman, Police Division.
Hubert J. Jordan, Joseph M. Corrigan,
from Substitute Distribution Clerk to Win-
dow Clerk, Postal Division.
Ralph G. McAmis, from Supervisory
Doorman, Motion Picture Unit, to Substi-
tute Distribution Clerk, Postal Division.
Mrs. Kathleen E. Maloney, from Substi-
tute Teacher to Recreation Assistant, Divi-
sion of Schools.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Ira N. C. Read, from Accounting Clerk to
Plant Accounting Assistant, Plant Account-
Mrs. Jeanne M. Wheeler, from Time,
Leave and Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch,
to Plant Accounting Assistant, Plant Ac-
Mrs. Colleen S. Davis, from Clerk-Ste-
nographer to Clerk (Typing), Central Typ-
ing and Clerical Unit.
Oliver L. Riesch, from Systems Account-
ant, Accounting Policies and Procedures
Staff, to Supervisory Budget Analyst, Bud-
get and Rates Division.
Gilberto Young, Accountant, from Gen-
eral Ledger and Processing Branch to
Methods and Relief Staff.
Mrs. Helen M. Tomford, from Retire-
ment and Payroll Clerk to Time, Leave, and
Mrs. Sylvia E. Staples, Florence M.
Peterson, from Time, Leave, and Payroll
Clerk to Accounting Assistant.
Thelma C. Herrington, Harry E. Mussel-
man, Mrs. Eva M. Grassau, Wilmer L.
Downing, from Time, Leave, and Payroll
Clerk to Supervisory Accounting Assistant.
Mrs. Helen D. McKeown, from Account-
ing Clerk to Supervisory Accounting As-
John J. Fallon, from Supervisory Ac-
counting Assistant to Payroll Systems
Helen N. Minor, from Time, Leave, and
Payroll Supervisor to Payroll Systems As-
Malcolm A. Johnston, Jr., Robert F.
Roche, from Accountant to Time, Leave,
and Payroll Supervisor.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Roy R. Shuey, from Marine Machinist to
Foreman I, Gas Navigation Aids, Dredging
Starford L. Churchill, Jr., from Machinist
to Marine Machinist, Dredging Division.
Earl E. Mullins, from Dipper Dredge
Mate to Dipper Dredge Operator, Dredging
Dorothy E. Hannigan, from Clerk (Typ-
ing) to Clerk-Stenographer, Electrical Di-
Mrs. Juliet H. de Leon, from Clerk-Typ-
ist to Clerk (Typing), Electrical Division.
James M. Little, from Senior Towboat
Master to Senior Master Craneboat Atlas,
Edward K. Wilburn, from Towboat Mas-
ter to Senior Towboat Master, Dredging
Yolanda C. Orsini, Medical Technician,
from Coco Solo Hospital to Division of
Jessie Mark, from Head Nurse (Emer-
gency Room), Coco Solo Hospital, to Staff
Nurse (General Medical Hospital), Gorgas
Mrs. Patricia A. Robinson, from Clerk-
Stenographer, Electrical Division, to Clerk,
Otis M. Ramey, Jr., from Marine Inspec-
tion Assistant to Admeasurer, Navigation
Ennis E. Daniel, Walter A. Reinheimer,
Charles 0. Barrett, James B. Wallace, from
Towboat Master to Pilot-in-Training, Nav-
Rosalie A. Radel, from Life Guard, Divi-
sion of Schools, to Clerical CLE, Industrial
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
Mrs. Emma N. Baker, Mrs. Sherrie L.
Perrini, Mrs. Grace M. Thornton, Mrs.
Ruby J. McGowin, Mrs. Jewell R. Egeland,
Mrs. Pauline S. Little, Patricia A. Myers,
Mrs. Ella C. Parrish, Mrs. Elsie B. Garcia,
Mrs. Margret E. Anderson, from Section
Head to Supervisory Selling Assistant,
William D. McGowin, from Patrolman,
Locks Security Branch, to Commissary
Supervisor, Supply Division.
Robert H. Adams, from Supply Require-
ments Officer to Supervisory Storage Officer,
Samuel Dubin, from Storekeeper to
Supervisory General Supply Clerk, Store-
Mrs. Mary F. Dugan, from Doorman,
Motion Picture Unit, to Supervisory Selling
Assistant, Sales and Service Branch.
Promotions which did not involve a
change of title were:
Robert A. Stevens, Supervisory Salary
and Wage Analyst, Wage and Classification
Mrs. Wilhelmina K. Galloway, Plant
Accounting Assistant, Plant Accounting
Mrs. Lucille Abernathy, Commissary
Supervisor, Supply Division.
Carl M. Pajak, Systems Accountant,
Methods and Relief Staff.
John Montayne, Chief, Methods and Re-
lief Staff, Accounting Division.
Mrs. Glendora A. Dorsey, Cargo Clerk,
Edward J. Lucas, Jack K. Campbell,
Auditor, General Audit Division.
Mrs. Edna J. Hummer, Mrs. Daisy M.
Tettenburn, Mrs. Hilda C. Myers, Mrs.
Dorothy J. Herrington, Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch.
Mrs. Gladys A. Conley, Supply Assistant
(Drygoods), Supply Division.
Mrs. Lillie V. Mire, Clerk-Stenographer,
Personnel Programs Staff, Personnel Bureau.
Mrs. Leah H. Blakely, Supervisory Stew-
ard, Supply Division.
Ancon* April 3
Cristobal --------------- -- April 12
Ancon ....----------------------April 23
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal .-------------------- April 4
Ancon ------------------------- April 15
Cristobal -------------------- April 25
*Ancon sails from Cristobal on Thursday
instead of Wednesday for this trip.
Southbound ships which leave New York Friday
are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail
from New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti.
Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days after
clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from
Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear
Retirement certificates were presented
the end of March to the following employ-
ees who are listed below, together with their
birthplaces, positions, length of Canal serv-
ice, and their future homes:
Capt. Harry L. Bach, Illinois; Pilot, Nav-
igation Division; 23 years, 6 months, 10
days; San Francisco Bay area, Calif.
William F. Browne, Massachusetts; Sup-
ervisory Accountant, Agents Accounts
Branch; 21 years, 11 months, 5 days; future
Honors as the senior employees on the
March list of service anniversaries are
shared by two of the Canal's skilled crafts-
men, Charles C. Shumate and Noe Everett
Dillman. Both completed 35 years of Gov-
ernment service last month, Mr. Shumate
on March 4, and Mr. Dillman on March 17.
Both men have military service to add to
their years with the Canal organization.
A native of Kemper County, Miss., Mr.
Shumate served in the Navy from 1919 to
1936. His first Panama Canal job was as
a machinist on the Gatun Locks overhaul
in 1939. The following year he joined the
Canal force as a machinist in the Cristobal
shops but two years later was recalled to
active duty with the Navy. From 1942 to
1945, he was a Chief Machinist at the Coco
Solo Naval Air Station.
He has held his present post, Marine
Machinist with the Industrial Division
since 1945, except for a two-year period
when he was assigned to the Commissary
Division as a machinist.
Mr. Dillman, now a Pumping Plant Op-
erator in the Water and Laboratories
Branch in the Maintenance Division, was
born in Devils Lake, N. Dak. He is a Navy
veteran of World War I.
The beginning of his Canal career is
unique. In 1927 he was with the Army Air
Force at France Field when the Panama
Canal wanted to borrow a heavy steam-
shovel for work on the floor slab of a Com-
missary warehouse. The Army permitted
the loan on the condition that the big
shovel's regular operator, N. E. Dillman,
came along too.
Two years later, after his separation
from the military service and a brief stint
as a mechanic for Pan American Airways
at France Field, he became a steamshovel
operator with the Canal. For several years
he worked with heavy equipment, alternat-
ing this with assignments to the filtration
plant and various pump stations.
Mr. Dillman has been active in local labor
circles and has served as vice president and
president of the Central Labor Union. He
is a crack shot, and a prominent member of
the Balboa Gun Club.
Sole 30-year man on the March list of
anniversaries is Charles J. Latham, Jr., a
Commissary Supervisor at the Balboa Retail
Store. Born in Washington, D. C., he joined
the Canal organization on March 15, 1928,
as a Commissary Foreman.
All of his Canal service, which is contin-
uous, has been with the commissaries. He
has been manager of several of the retail
stores, including the La Boca, Tivoli, and
Ancon Commissaries. He has been at Bal-
boa since the Ancon Commissary was closed
about 16 months ago.
Three of the four men who celebrated
their Silver anniversaries in government
service last month were born here.
Walter G. Brown, inspector for scales
and oil meters for the Industrial Division,
first saw light of day in Ancon, now Gorgas,
Hospital. His first Canal jobs were during
school vacations and he served his machin-
ist's apprenticeship here. His father, W.
G. Brown, was also a machinist.
Earl C. Orr is a native of Colon Hospital.
Like, Mr. Brown, he worked summers for
the Canal. After he graduated from Brook-
lyn Polytechnic Institute, he returned here
as a technician at Gorgas Hospital. In 1935
he transferred to the Supply service and is
now Supervisory Chemist for the Supply
Division. He is the son of E. F. Orr, who
was dispatcher for the Panama Railroad.
Alvin A. Rankin, Floating Equipment In-
spector for the Marine Bureau, was born
in Ancon and, like Mr. Brown, is a former
Canal Zone apprentice. Most of his Canal
service was with the shops; he has been in
his present post since November 1956. His
father, A. M. Rankin, was a foreman at
the Old Cristobal Coaling Plant.
The only off-Isthmian in the quartet is
Noel Gibson, who was born in Louisville,
Ill. He teaches mechanical drawing and
metal shop at Cristobal High School where
he also coaches the rifle team. All of his
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW April 4, 1958
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
- They Went Out To The Ball Park -
Of the champion Supply Department Twilight League team of 1930
Canal service has been with the Schools
The Canal Zone, four States, and two
countries are represented by the eight em-
ployees who rounded out 20 years of Gov-
ernment service in March.
Richard T. Baltozer, a machinist at Mir-
aflores Locks, was born in Millersburg, Pa.
Russell T. Harris, an Electrical Machinist
with the Electrical Division, comes from
Galien, Mich. Daniel P. Kiley, a Control
House Operator at Miraflores Locks, is a
Henry T. McKenzie, a Plant Engineer
with the Maintenance Division, comes from
Brownell, Kan. Capt. Jens Nilsen, one of
the Canal's senior pilots, is a native of
Tonsberg, Norway; and Capt. Richard C.
Sergeant, another senior pilot, was born in
Arthur W. Smith, a Supervisory Clerical
Assistant in the Maintenance Division, is a
native of Copiap6, Chile, and Robert W.
Smith, a Locomotive Crane Operator and
Rigger for the Industrial Division, comes
from Williamsport, Pa.
With the exception of Mr. Kiley and
Captain Sergeant, all of the 20-year men
have unbroken Panama Canal service.
Eleven of the 20 employees who com-
pleted 15 years of Government service in
March have unbroken Canal service. They
Laurent J. Baptiste, Automatic Telephone
Equipment Maintainer, Electrical Division;
Walter A. Dryja, Assistant to the Marine
Director; Juan F. Edmondson, Electrician,
Motor Transportation Division; Margaret
M. Finnegan, Window Clerk, Postal Divis-
ion; Ella A. Partons, Staff Nurse, Gorgas
Hospital; Robert L. Rankin, Commissary
Supervisor, Supply Division; Mrs. Eliza-
beth M. Sudron, Voucher Examiner, Claims
Branch; Richard W. Thompson, Marine
Traffic Controller; Frank A. Tomkins, Chief
Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division;
Mrs. Marcia H. Van Horne, Administra-
tive Assistant, Office of the Health Director;
and George Vieto, Passenger Traffic Officer,
Other 15-year employees are: Walter H.
Alves, Jr., Senior Traffic Officer, Balboa
Police District; Mrs. Lucille M. Fulop,
Clerk (Stenography), Office of the Engin-
eering and Construction Director; Milton
M. LaCroix, Machinist, Gatun Locks;
Frank P. Marczak, Marine Traffic Con-
troller; Roy J. Misenheimer, Fleet Ma-
chinist, Dredging Division; David G. Pe-
ters, Locomotive Engineer, Railroad Di-
vision; Mrs. Iris D. Richmond, Window-
Clerk, Postal Division; Mrs. Winona A.
Smith, Medical Technician, Board of Health
Laboratory; and Roswell J. Tobin, Crib-
tender Foreman, Terminals Division.
APril 4,1958 15
The days when rabid Canal Zone fans
booed the umpires and cheered their fav-
orite Twilight League baseball teams were
recalled recently when a relic of those
days found a final resting place. The
relic was a trophy won by a Supply De-
partment team in 1930.
Twilight League ball began to fade
into oblivion in the early 30's. But before
that it had been as much a part of local
life as going to the commissary or fussing
about the quartermaster. The Canal ad-
ministration cooperated with the rage for
baseball; men were often hired more for
their prowess with a bat than for their
knowledge of a typewriter or an adding
One of the Twilight League parks,
known to one and all as Razzberry Park,
was just off Roosevelt Avenue, about
where the Junior College now stands.
On game days, the stands were packed
by 3:30 p. m.; by 4 o'clock, spectators
had begun alternately to argue among
themselves and to razz the umpires.
The trophy which has just been retired
was given for the Pacific Twilight League,
made up of teams from the Supply De-
partment, Dredging Division, Mechanical
Division, Administration Building, and
an Army team known as the V.F.W.
Since 1930 the cumbersome old trophy
has gathered dust in various offices and
has been moved from pillar to post as
the old Supply Department was split,
renamed, and reorganized in a series of
Several weeks ago it occurred to the
top men in the Supply and Community
Service Bureau, current successors to the
old Supply Department, that there must
be a better place for the trophy to spend
the rest of its days than on top of a file
case. Someone remembered that Roger
Williams, now with the Oil Handling
Plant, and a member of that winning
team 28 years ago, was a collector of
baseball memorabilia. Mr. Williams said
he would be delighted to have the trophy,
provided none of his seven teammates
still on the Isthmus objected. None did.
So, on a recent sunny Thursday after-
noon, five of the old Supply Department
team met on the site of the old Twilight
League park in Balboa. There, in a brief
ceremony, L. A. Ferguson, Supply and
Community Service Director and present-
day successor of Chief Quartermaster Roy
Watson, presented the trophy to Mr.
Williams. It now occupies an honor place
in the trophy room at his home in Balboa.
The same afternoon the quintet
posed for pictures, lined up as they
had been 28 years ago. The original
picture and the new one accompany
In the front row, in the top picture are,
from the left: James F. Burgoon, Gam-
boa; Johnny Trower, U. S.; Jack John-
son, Panama City; Larry LeBrun, dead;
Johnny Trower, Jr. (seated), U. S.; Jacky
Watson, Florida; Larry Kelly, Cristobal;
Roger Williams, Balboa. In the back
row, in the same order: James Lockhart
and Edward Paine, no longer here; James
Hinkle, Ancon; Sam McKenzie, North
Carolina; Roy Watson, dead; Benny Mc-
Conaughey, Connecticut; John Corrigan,
Cristobal; James Thompson, Balboa; and
Edward Sullivan, Panama.
In the. recent picture are, standing:
Mr. Hinkle, Mr. Ferguson, Mr. Corrigan,
and Mr. Thompson; and, kneeling, Mr.
Johnson and Mr. Williams.
. . . .. only a handful remains on the Isthmus today.
SHIPS AND SHIPPING b,
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-
VESSELS IN FEBRUI
Commercial .-- $3,037,920
TotaL ---- $3,140,906
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-goin
CARGO (Long tons
Commercial ----- 3,898,477
Total --.- 4,016,433
The new British motorshi
Auckland, making her maiden
the American & Australian Li
arrived in Cristobal March 21
Australian ports via Noumea
Caledonia. The 10,420 dead
vessel was built by Vickers & A
Ltd., in England for the Ellern
Ltd., of London. She is 505 fee
has a service speed of 16 knot
86,689 cubic feet of cargo space i
designed refrigerated chamber
are accommodations for 12 p
Norton Lilly & Company are
the ship, both here and in Ne'
Grace Line Promotion
Reginald Rinder, formerly n
the Panama Agencies in Crisi
well-known in Atlantic side
circles, was elected an assistant
ident of the Grace Line rece
was also made manager of tl
Selection of Cristobal for
ing point of a 1,287-mile ya
which will get under way froa
Beach, April 12, chalks up
"first" in local boating circle
timers here can recall no
time when a yacht race ha
started or ended in Isthmian
The race is to be sailed ur
joint auspices of the Florida
of the Cruising Club of Amei
the Club de Yates y Pescas d
ma, the Balboa Yacht Club,
Panama Canal Yacht Club.
modores of the four clubs are,
tively, Richard H. Bertram,
de la Guardia, Jr., Virgil Cam
John B. Coffey. Four Zoniar
Carlson and Walter Pearsor
Balboa Yacht Club, and Fel
pinski and Christian W. Wirt
Panama Canal Yacht Club, ar
bers of the Race Committee.
Entries are limited to yachi
less than 30 feet overall. The
and navigator of each yacht
amateurs and each yacht is
a minimum of four persons
Veteran Into Mothballs
The 20,863-ton Brazil, which ran
through the Panama Canal for several
years as the Virginia of the Panama
Pacific Line, was recently laid up in the
James River reserve anchorage in Vir-
ginia, according to a recent issue of the
Moran Towing Company's magazine.
The Brazil had been operated since 1938
by the Moore-McCormack Lines in the
company's East Coast of South America
run and saw service during World War II
as a troop transport and a munitions ship.
She is being replaced by a new Brail,
launched in December inPascagoula, Miss.
The Brazil's two sister ships, the Argen-
tina and the Uruguay, were also well-
known in Isthmian waters. They were
formerly the Pennsylvania and the Cali-
fornia, respectively. The Argentina is
GOING Freight Traffic Dept., which handles all
ARY northbound traffic matters for the Carib-
1957 1958 bean and West Coast of South America.
673 700 Mr. Rinder, who has been with the Grace
23 15 Line since 1943, left the Canal Zone last
- -- year when he was transferred to the Line's
696 715 New York Office. Until recently, he was
in charge of the Grace Line's Caribbean
$3,105,856 service scheduling and booking.
55,360 New Barber Line Ship
The SS Turandot, second of three new
$3,161,216 Barber Line sister ships, is due in Cris-
g and small. tobal April 22 from New York on her first
s) voyage to Los Angeles, San Francisco,
3,420,782 Manila, Hong Kong, and Osaka. Like
37,727 her sistership Temeraire, which made the
Canal transit southbound on her maiden
3,458,509 voyage March 8, the Turandot is designed
for a service speed of 18 knots, has a dead-
weight capacity of 10,670 tons, and re-
frigerated space of 36,150 cubic feet. All
of the ships are equipped with heavy-lift
p, City f gear capable of handling 60-ton loads.
P voyage Fenton & Company are agents for the
ne service, Barber Line here.
en route to To St. Lawrence Seaway
and New Capt. Hector Grant, one of the Panama
weight-ton Canal's senior pilots, will leave the Canal
Armstrong, Zone April 12 to take a position with the
nan Lines, St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corp.
tin length, He and Mrs. Grant plan to make their
s, and has home in Massena, N. Y., which will be
n specially Captain Grant's new headquarters. A
rs. There native of New Jersey, Captain Grant has
passengers been with the Canal organization since
agents for 1939 and a pilot since 1941. He has been
w York. stationed on the Atlantic side.
Atlas Services Lighthouse
manager of The job of servicing the 500-watt Pan-
tobal, and ama Canal lighthouse at Isla Grande was
shipping taken over last month by the Panama
Vice Pres- Canal craneboat Atlas, which spent ap-
ntly. He proximately a week there in March.
ie Inward Under the direction of Capt. James Little,
Aids to Navigation employees spent the
time checking the light, the electrical
Y) equipment, and the machinery which
keeps the light turning on a five-second
the end- interval. Repairs also were made to the
cht race quarters of the four lighthouse keepers
a Miami who man the Canal's main lighthouse on
another the Atlantic side. Formerly this semi-
es. Old- annual inspection and repair work was
previous done by the Panama Canal tug Taboga.
16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
:z of the
ts of not
Capt. Anthony C. Roessler
Capt. Anthony C. Roessler, USN, Port
Captain for the Port of Balboa since June
1955, will leave the Isthmus early next
month for his new assignment in Long
Beach, Calif. He has been appointed
Commander of the Long Beach Group,
Pacific Reserve Fleet, and will report to
his new post June 20.
Captain Roessler will be succeeded by
Capt. James A. Flenniken who is due
about April 22 from his present post on
the staff of the Commandant of the 13th
Naval District in Seattle.
The departing Port Captain was grad-
uated from the U. S. Naval Academy at
Annapolis in 1931. His last post before
he came to the Zone was commanding
officer of the fleet oil tanker Ashtabula.
Captain Flenniken is also an Annapolis
graduate, in the class of 1932. His war-
time service included posts as a submarine
commander, operations officer on the staff
of Submarine Squadron 45, executive of-
ficer on the submarine tender Holland,
and commanding officer of the attack
cargo ship Shoshone.
being replaced by a new ship of the same
name, launched last month. The Uru-
guay has been laid up since 1954.
Statendam Completing Cruise
One of the last cruise liners to visit the
Canal this year will be the Holland-
America liner Statendam, which is now
making her first round-the-world cruise.
The big luxury ship is scheduled to arrive
in Balboa April 21 with a full list of cruise
passengers. The Statendam sailed from
New York January 7 and has been making
calls at ports in Africa, India, Malaya,
Indonesia, Philippine Islands, Hong Kong,
Okinawa, and Japan. Her last ports be-
fore arriving in Balboa will be Honolulu,
San Francisco, and Acapulco. After mak-
ing the Canal transit to Cristobal, she will
dock for a short time before sailing directly
to New York. The Statendam, which was
put in service last year, visited the Canal
for the first time December 29, 1957, on a
Caribbean cruise from New York.
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