Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00175
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: November 1954
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00175
System ID: UF00097366:00175
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text

Gift of the Panama Canal Museum

Vol. 5, No. 4 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE NOVEMBER 5, 1954 5 cents

Thanksgiving, Canal Zone Style

THANKSGIVING'S Thanksgiving, even if the Pilgrims are wearing Guatemalan shirts and saddle
oxfords. And Indians can be just as fierce in khaki pants as they can in buckskins. If the background
looks suspiciously like the Balboa elementary school, that's because it is.

Answers Now Available To Some Of Queries

Asked By Employees About Vacation Travel

Answers on the vacation transportation
questionnaires distributed throughout the
Company-Government by the Personnel
Bureau indicate that there are many
questions among employees concerning
application in their own individual cases
of the recently-enacted legislation. Late
in October, about 2,400 questionnaires
had been returned to the Personnel
The questions asked by employees set
a general pattern falling into certain
categories. Many of the questions can
be answered; the answers to some, how-
ever, still await a directive from the
Bureau of the Budget. Meanwhile the
Transportation Section is operating on
an interim Company-Government plan
and answering specific questions for em-
ployees who are about to go on leave.
The transportation legislation, which
is an amendment to section 7 of the
Administrative Expense Act of 1946
(commonly known as Public Law 600),
was designed to make it possible for and
encourage employees outside the conti-
nental United States to return to the
United States at frequent intervals; and
to treat overseas employees more uni-
formly for vacation purposes.
The most frequently asked questions
and their answers follow; they are divided

by topics and put into question-and-
answer form.
Q. Who will be eligible?
A. Any United St.t.h- citizen em-
ployee who has completed two years of
service as a civilian employee in the Canal
Zone or who will have completed two
years of service when he is granted leave,
and the immediate members of his family.
A dependent parent is considered an
immediate member; a dependent parent-
in-law is not. All employees accepting
the transportation must sign an agree-
ment to return to their jobs.
Q. Are locally-hired employees eligible?
A. Yes.
Q. My wife is a Panamanian citizen; is
she .-ligibl,?
A. Yes.
Q. I am about to retire; am I eligible?
A. Employees must have more than
one year to serve after return from leave
before their retirement to be eligible for
the vacation transportation.
Q. Is my son who is attending college
in the United States eligible for P. L. 600
A. Yes, if he is accompanied to or from
the United States by the employee. (If
he is traveling unaccompanied he is
entitled to one round trip (See page so)




A census of all residents of
the Canal Zone, similar to but
more inclusive than the annual
census of the Canal Zone which
has been taken since early con-
struction days, will get under-
way next week. The census is
expected to cover 75,000 to
100,000 persons.
The census is designed not only to
count the population of the Canal Zone
but also to provide data, for staffing and
budget purposes, to indicate the load
which such Canal Zone facilities as hos-
pitals and schools will be called on to carry.
Although Canal Zone residents and
employees will be asked, through ques-
tionnaires, to provide more answers than-
the annual police census has called for,
all of the questions will be of an imper-
sonal nature, rather than the somewhat
personal nature of the questions asked in
the Federal census taken each 10 years,
Wide Distribution
The questionnaires, printed in different
colored inks for different categories and
for easier sorting, will be distributed to
every employee of the United States
Government in the Canal Zone; to every
imrpl..y,-, of the United States Govern-
ment in Panama-Embassy employees,
for example; to the dependents of all mili-
tary personnel; and to all persons who
live in the Canal Zone or have access to
Canal Zone facilities in any way. This
last ( .,t -ry will include employees of
private firms, like oil companies and ship-
ping lines, retired employees, and religious
Government employees who live in
Panama and work in the Canal Zone will
also be included in this year's census.
The census to be taken next month will
be handled by the Personnel Bureau of
the Panama Canal Company. The forms
which each employee, and those in other
categories, will be asked to fill out have
been worked up by a committee headed
by Mrs. Eula Driscoll, Assistant to the
Personnel Director.
The Canal Zone Police will assist in
taking the census among the land licensees
and the employees of private firms in the
Canal Zone, and the United States
nmhad-.\ will handle the census for U. S.
citizens working in the Republic of
Panama who have Canal Zone privileges.
The distribution in military agencies will
be handled by military authorities.
One Per Household
In the Company-Government organ-
ization, the census forms (See page is)




('OIMM NITY ('CEST Board of Directors met recently at the Jewish
Welfare Board-lISO to complete last details of this year's drive for funds.
Twelve of the directors are elected from the community at large, three are
appointed representatives of the Armed Services, and the others are appointed
by the various (anal Zone civic councils.
Left to right they are, front row: Beresford Gittens, Mary Brigham, Russell

T. Wise, Mrs. Arnold Hodgson, 'ijrnpj .-. -'.. -retary; W. G. Arey, Jr., Board
Chairman; Mrs. I. F. McIlhenny i' I %\ hit., C i'ri,.1;j Chairman; Stanley
Loney; back row: Brodie Burnham, Glenville i .,.j- I I..i Butcher, C. W.
Hoffmeyer, Lt. Col. William Drake, W. R. Price, Lt. Col. Walter Gerdau.
Lt.Comdr.Jones W. Pur. II .J jr.r T .- W. Adams. Other members of the Board
are: Eugene I. Askee '.lr. I 'I... i r, William Jump, and Nelson Magner.

With two record goals -a larger em-
ployee participation than ever before,
and a larger quota, $50,000, than in past
years the Canal Zone Community
Chest's annual drive for funds got under
way late last month.
Community Chest Sunday was observed
October 24 in churches throughout the
Canal Zone. The following day Com-
pany-Government representatives who
will handle the actual solicitation for
funds in their respective divisions met
for "kick-off" meetings on both sides of
the Isthmus.
Governor Seybold addressed the em-
ployee representatives at the Pacific side
meeting and was scheduled to make a
similar talk on the Atlantic side, but a
last minute change in his official plans
forced him to cancel his Atlantic side
\lth.igh t h.- *i 1,llol M goal is the highest
which the Community Chest has been
called on to raise since the Chest was
started several years ago, the Governor
expressed his confidence that the resi-
dents of the Canal Zone would accept
their community responsibility and pro-
vide the necessary funds for the Chest's
dozen participating agencies.
Governor Seyhold pointed out that the
Community Chest was the one annual
opportunity to give to many organiza-
tions through one and expressed the hope
that all employees would -'i \- generously,
not because they felt that they had to but
because they felt that they wanted to.
Meanwhile an intensified (ffrt. was
iir made to reach all C.nlmpa.n-Gov-
ernment employees in order that they
may have an ..,l11,rtiuity to make their
Chest contributions. Over 300 solicitors
are appri.'ihing or have approached
their co-workers, with cards which
will enable them to make cash or payroll-
deduction contributions. This year pay-
roll deductions may be spread over a
six-month period.
P. A. White, Chief of the Dr.luinii
Division and Vice Chairman of the Com-
munity Chest's Board of Directors,

heads this year's campaign committee.
He is assisted by Mrs. Arnold Hodgson,
as Campaign Secretary, and by all mem-
bers of the Board. A. E. Beck, Chief
of the Terminals Division. is working
with Mr. White on thi AtaIantic side, and
Robert J. Boyd is in chirz. of the solicita-
tion in Panama.
The Community Chest campaign will
continue until November 15.
Agencies which will receive funds from

the Community Chvet are: Boy Scouts
of America; Girl Scouts of America;
International Boy Scouts; International
Girl Scouts; Jewish W,.lf1.r- Board-USO;
Armed Services YMCA-USO, Balboa;
Armed Services ilc'A-USO Cristobal;
Salvation Army; Summer Recreation
Board, U. S.-rate; Summer Recreation
Board local-rate; Congress of Civic
Councils, local-rate, and Cristobal-Mar-
garita Civic Council.

Bids For First Large 60-Cycle

Generators To Be Opened Dec. 1

Bids will be opened December 1 at
Balboa Heights for furnishing and instal-
ling four new generator units and a con-
trol board in the Gatun Hydroelectric
Station. This is one of the first major
steps in the conversion from 25-cycle to
60-cycle current in the Canal Zone.
The four vertical-shaft, hydraulic-
turbine-driven 60-cycle ,.in,-ritr. and
governors will replace part of the 25-
cycle equipment at the Gatun station.
They will work in parallel with two other
units which will be converted to 60
cycles later.
Other developments in the conversion
prioLrr.Ln are the 10-day visit to Toronto,
Ontario, last month, by Col. Hugh M.
Arnold, Engineering and Construction
Director, and the continuation of the
house-to-house survey on the Atlantic
side of the Canal Zone.
Colonel Arnold visited the offices and
plants of the Hydroelectric Power Com-
mission of Ontario where a similar
conversion is presently being carried out
on a large scale and discussed, gnr.rally,
the problem of the conversion of the
Canal's power system.
The domestic survey has been com-
pleted in Gatun and the team of five
engineers is now working in Margarita.
From Margarita they will move to other
Atlantic side communities. A survey
of Pacific side homes will be made later.

One of the ,.nein-,.r first makes an
appointment with the householder for a
date on which his personally-owned
equipment may be surveyed. Later a
survey team of two men visits each home
and inspects the household equipment
to obtain the technical data necessary
for conversion.
Each householder is told that such
equipment as r, f iic.r.itir washing ma-
chines, or fans will have to be modified
in order that it will operate on 60-cycle
current and that the Panama Canal Com-
pany will pay the cost of these t hinge..
provided the equipment is in regular use
and in operating condition.
After the survey is finished, an inven-
tory of the equipment in his home which
will have to be converted is mailed to
each householder, together with an
explanatory memorandum. He is asked
to check this list and report any omitted
item or correction to be made.
Householders whose equipment has
been inventoried are also asked to report
in writing if they acquire any new
frequency-sensitive equipment or dispose
of any which has been listed. The coop-
eration of householders in this, as in the
survey in general, is necessary for the
success of the program.
This latter is stressed since new equip-
ment which has not been reported cannot
be scheduled for conversion.

2 TE PNAM CAAL EVEW oveber5, 95


November 5, 1954

Fish People Meet Monthly To Discuss

How's And Why's Of Tropical Small Fry

AQUARIUMS are i. ili, ,,TiI-r. t t' fish people, like these officers of the Canal Zone Aquarium
Society. The Society's r'. i.l.,t, I'apt \\ L Jones, i- talndinc. fir richt. Other officers are: Paul Mohl,
secretary; James Marchuck, vice president, and Miss MNIi.1r- \\ I.t..T, treasurer.

Molly has a bad case of the ick.
Double-talk? No! That makes per-
pectly good sense to a member of the
Canal Zone Aquarium Society or to other
fish people. It means, translated: One of
my Black Mollienisias has a bad case of
Once informed of Molly's condition,
fish people immediately begin a discus-
sion as to whether the best treatment for
this parasitic fishy ailment is quinine sul-
phate, one-half grain to each gallon of
aquarium water, or merchurochrome,
which may have a delayed after-effect
on Molly.
Members of the Aquarium Society are
much concerned with the How-to's: How
to treat sick fish, how to breed them, how
to feed them, how to plant their aquar-
iums and how to aerate the water in them.
Membership Tripled
Organized last January "for the ex-
change of ideas and advancement of the
hobby in the Canal Zone," its Constitu-
tion says, the Canal Zone Aquarium So-
ciety has already tripled its membership.
Sixteen fish fanciers attended the first
meeting January 9; 48 members are now
paying their 25-cent monthly dues. The
only requirement for membership is that
an individual bs a Government employee;
it is assumed that he is interested in fish.
Meetings are held the first Wednesday of
each month, usually at the Jewish Wel-
fare Board-USO on La Boca Road.
The avocation of all members is the
same: Fish. Their vocations vary widely.
The Society's president is Capt. W. E.
Jones who is in charge of the Balboa Dis-
trict of the Fire Division; James Mar-
chuck, vice president, is a policeman
working out of the Balboa station. The
treasurer, Miss 11ildred Watson, is Ship-
ping Clerk for Army Transportation, and
Paul Mohl, the secretary, works at Sosa
Hill quarry as a general operator.

There are any number of reasons why
they are fish people. Captain Jones, who
has been raising fish for the past 20 years,
says: "It's a nice quiet hobby which
doesn't annoy the neighbors." The
Mohls, who are comparatively new ad-
dicts but now have one of the largest
local collections, wanted a pet. Their son
was allergic to dogs and cats so fish
seemed to be the answer.
Tropicals Only
All of the members of the Aquarium
Society are devotees of tropical fish-no
goldfish for them. As one tropicalist
says, goldfish are dirty, they don't get
along with other fish, and they spend
most of their time trying to eat each
Almost all of the local collectors have
started with Guppies, tiny South Amer-
ican members of the tooth-carp family.
Guppies have a number of points in their
favor. They are small, seldom over two
inches long; an aquarium which will hold
50 guppies will accommodate only 25
other tropicals. They are pretty; the
brilliance of the males compensates for
the drabness of the females. And above
all, they are hardy, or beginner-proof.
Most of the collectors have six to eight
species in their aquariums.
Guppies are live-bearers, as opposed to
egg-layers. A female guppy will produce
an average of 40 to 50 young at a time,
and will give birth to a new and over-
sized-family about every four weeks.
From Guppies, or Rainbows, the Soci-
ety members usually move on to other
viviparous, or live-bearing, tropicals, the
Platies (pronounced as if it had two t's),
or the striking Swordtails which have an
almost overwhelming scientific name:
Xiphorphorus hellerii.
Oviparous, or egiz-laying tropicals, are
harder to raise and they usually come a
little later, chronologically speaking, as

the collector becomes more sure of him-
self. Egg-layers range from the tiny
Neon-tetra from the Amazon, just as
.tartlingly colored as a neon tube, to the
comparatively large Angel fish, techni-
cally known as P1 .. ,!q'Ill ,,, eimekei and
by the less fearsome name of Scalare.
Consistent breeding of the Neon-tetras
has baffled collectors ever since, the tiny
fish were first introduced in 1936; Aquar-
ium Magazine, the bible of fish people.
has a standing offer of $100 for the col-
lector who can breed neon-tetras and ex-
plain his methods so that others can fol-
low the procedure.
A g...il many of th'e ( .e-l] in.; fish are
overwhelmingly fond of roe, especially
their own, and if a cAllector wants to
breed his tropicals he must save the young
from their own parents. The Ramiresi,
for instance. spawn on a piece of slate
which the collector has placed in the tank.
The slate, eggs attached, is then removed
to a hatching tank. The orange and
black-barred Tetrazona are tricked into
laying their eggs on heavy nylon yarn
which is covered with greenery to cam-
ouflage the yarn.
Occasional Exception
The Mohls, however, have a pair of
Angel fish who are exemplary parents.
Once the eggs are laid on a leaf in the
special hbr,-ldl;n tank, the parent fish take
turns fanning them with the pectoral fins,
to keep the water circulating. Each day
the eggs are moved, and cleaned in the
process, to another leaf. When the little
Angels appear they are also moved until
they can swim by themselves. If fright-
ened, however, the parent Angels will eat
either eggs or small fry.
Beside being protective parents, this
particular pair of Angels apparently are
strict disciplinarians. When the babies
begin to "free swim" they are expected
to travel in schools, and well-behaved
schools at that. Stragglers are gobbled
up, which should teach them a lesson.
Babies Eat Pablum
The feeding of babies and adults is a
far trickier problem than the novice ex-
pects. He soon learns. Fish babies are
fed Pablum, just like human babies, but
the fish pablum is mixed into a culture
with yeast and "Milkr."' worms, which
are so minute they are hardly visible to
the naked eye. A small bit of this culture
is scraped from the side of the dish in
which it has grown and dropped into the
tank, several times a day.
Brine shrimp, which are small marine
shrimp, are also fed to the babies, and
another fish baby food is "green water,"
ordinary tap water which has been ex-
posed to a tremendous amount of sun-
light. It is filled with sub-microscopic life
and is fed into the aquarium with an eye
Tanks And Plants
Grown fish enjoy fresh or canned roe,
chopped shrimp or liver, alone or mixed
with pablum, and Angel fish thrive on an
unappetizing sounding mixture of finely-
chopped liver, strained spinach, and pab-
Feeding and breeding are only two of
the problems which fish people have to
consider. The size, type, lighting, and
aeration of the aquariums (see page is)

November 5, 1954



Civil Defense Duties Are Assigned

To Major Company-Government Units

Each unit of th l P' ama ('anal Conm-
pany-Canal Zone (Covernment will have
a duty to perform in case of enemy
attack or a natural disaster such as a
large-scale fire, 11 ....i, or similar occur-
rence, i.. .. llii, t; an overall plan which
was approved recently by Gov. John S.
Sh 'ulII such a dis sister occur, the Canal
i,,,i..,ti i, under Governor Seybold
will be responsible for all areas of the
Canal Zone outside military reservations;
onilit.; .. forces under Lt. Gen. X\\ illi.i
K. Harrison will be responsible for the
military areas. Each will support the
other; an ,Ir.-,.'iiiit to this effect has been
iir.,I by the Governor and General
Henry L. Donovan, Civil Affairs
Director, is the Company-Government
Civil Defense Director. His deputies are
F. R. Johnson on the Pacific side, and
B. I. Everson on the Atlantic side. Mr.
Everson is assisted by A. E. Beck.
Technical Service
For pl rirliui purposes, each Company-
Government Bureau Director and inde-
pendent branch chief is considered as the
head of a techniical service, comparable
to the service his unit provides during
normal operations. In most cases, the
Director or Chief has assigned a repre-
sentative of his fi, to prepare plans for
the service his unit would be called on
to perform.
The Civil Affairs Bureau, for instance,
for which Capt. W. E. Jones and Capt.
B. A. Darden are Technical .'t tff Chiefs,
will be responsible for the Fire Service and
Police Service in civilian communities.
In addition to its normal duties, the Fire
Service will train auxiliary firemen to be
called on in time of disaster. The Police
Service, assisted by auxiliary personnel
who have been specially trained, will be
responsiblefortraffic and highway control.
A hihi.ll, important part of the handl-
ing of any disaster will fall on the medical
service of the I..i.lth Bureau, whose
Technical St.iT Chief is Col. W. C. Doan.
The h ,,illin-.' of all casualties, other
than those of the most minor nature, will
he the responsibility of this Bureau. It
will be called on for first-aid service, to

set up emi.,rgency hospitals if necessary,
supply medicines and medical and surgical
equipment, blood bank and laboratory
services. In addition, the health Bureau
will deal with sanitation problems.
Refugee Centers
Just as the Health Bureau is responsible
for tcire of c sualties, the Community
S rvices Bureau, represented by DI)IIul
Johnston as I`. liii .I .t.lIf Chief, will
handle refugees and their problems.
R fugee c. nters will he set up by the Com-
oIwunit, Services Bureau and emergency
housing provided, through coordination
with the Supply Bureau. The Commun-
ity Service Bureau will also arrange for
the mass f.- .;ii.-: of :. f ,r' and of civil
defense workers, and set up a registration
and information service on those who
may have been made homeless.
All of the community utilities services
and of the highways will be the respon-
sibility of the Engineering and Construc-
tion Bureau whose Technical Staff Chiefs,
to date, are Nelson Wise, R. M. Howe,
and B. J. Brown. This Bureau will
build whatever temporary shelter may
be needed, restore port facilities and do
what demolition and clearing of debris
that may be needed.
A hl,'llh important part of its respon-
sibilities would be the release of any
persons who might be trapped in damaged
buildings or under debris. En in.-.- in..'
and Construction forces will also deter-
mine the extent of radiation contamina-
tion in case of an A-bomb burst, will
screen refugees, casualties, and civil
defense workers for contamination, and
do any necessary decontamination.
Food and Clothing
In any disaster, just as it is day by day,
the Supply Bureau will be the source of
food and clothing. Its Technical Staff
Chief, W. C. Bain, will decide what sup-
plies and equipment would be needed and
see what warehouses and storage facilities
are available. The Supply Bureau will
probably work more closely with all other
bureaus than any other single unit, as it
will be called on to provide food for the
hospitals and clothing for the refugees, in
case of a major disaster of any sort.
The Personnel Bureau, represented by

)1 (K AND) (COVE. and (Canal Zone school chilhIren are under their desks in a matter of seconds
o hen atomic drills are called. The drills are part of the overall ('ivil )rfense planning for the ('anal Zone.

George Welsh as Technical St.iff (hilf,
will notify Civil Defense which employees
would be needed for essential operations
and which could be spared for other
service in time of any great crisis.
The Transportation and Terminals
Bureau, for which R. W. Adams is
Technical Staff Chief, will provide trans-
portation for civil defense teams and their
equipment, for supplies and equipment
in general,and for refugees and casualties.
The Marine Bureau will work closely
with the Civil Affairs Bureau on any
marine fire fighting and :ith the Engin-
eering and Construction Bureau on radio
communications. These tasks will be
handled by Capt. Horatio Lincoln, as
' .-h...i.,Il Staff Chief.
Security and Information
Two other Canal units, Internal Secur-
ity and the Information Office, although
not Bureaus, have been as-igned tasks in
the overall program. For Internal Secur-
ity, Frank Wilder is Technical Staff
Chief, while J. Rufus Hardy will perform
a similar duty for the Information Office.
Internal Security will direct the Tech-
nical St iff and physical security and plant
protection activities as well as handling
all other matters which would affect the
security of the Company-Government.
In case of an emergency, the Infcrma-
tion itfi ,v will issue instructions and
other information to the l.,ublih, and before
any n.l.-ra .m\ it will keep the public
informed on civil defense activities and
its program.
Official services for the Canal will be
performed by the bureaus listed earlier
in this story. Volunteer services will be
handled through the Warden Service.

Distinguished Visitors

See Zone Late Last Month
Late October brought a small flood
of distinguished visitors to the Canal
Zone. Heading the list were Theo-
dore H. Maenner, a construction-day
Isthmian and now a member of the
Canal Company's Board of Directors;
Edward A. Bacon who, as Assistant
to the Secretary of the Army, is in
charge of Panama Canal affairs; and
W. M. Whitman, another former
Isthmian and now Secretary of the
Panama Canal Company.
They arrived October 22 and spent
almost a week inspecting Canal oper-
ations and talking to Canal officials.
Also here at the same time was
Miss Helen M. Gibbs, a staff mem-
ber of the House of Representatives
Merchant Marine and Fisheries com-
mittee. Miss Gibbs inspected vari-
ous Canal Zone facilities, talked with
Canal officials and with representa-
tives of various employee groups.
Other visitors the end of October
included Miss Beatrice Cobb, North
Carolina newspaper publisher; Ro-
land T. Huson, Editor and Publisher
of "The Plainsman," of Zackary,
La.; Wayne C. Smith, of the "Meri-
den Record," Meriden, Conn.; and
Frank S. Baker, publisher of the
Tacoma, Wash., "News Tribune."
Miss Cobb was en route to South
America; the others were returning
to the United States from the Inter-
American Press Association meeting
in Rio de Janeiro.


November 5, 1954

Commissary Customers And Officials

Exchange Ideas At Semi-Annual Forums

SHOES AND samples of other commissary merchandise were displayed dnr,;n the forum held last
month for customers of the U. S.-rate commissaries. Clockwise, I.. :i, h I h Johnson, Supply
Director, who i3 ,..il ,. are: Lester Ferguson, E. E. Eder, R. I 'I -,, Mrs. Grayce Gravatt, Mrs.
Thelma Bull, Mr. 1 I ,,., Becker. Norman Johnson, Mrs. Jean Bleakley, John M. Brown, Mrs. Robert
Medinger, Mrs. Preston Minton, W. C. Bain, and Miss Malr Orr.

Walruses and carpenters talk of many
things: Shi'..- aji ships-and sealing
wax-of c.,lhl.,-'.,' ..rd kings.
People at last month's Commissary
forums didn't have much to say about
sealing wax or kings, but shoes and ships
and lb:vi;--- and dozens of other
things-came in for their full share of
Wh,.n the two forums had ended, the
people who do the -uIppl- inr had a better
idea of what commissary customers want;
people who run the commissaries had their
notebooks full of suggestions for improv-
ing their stock, service and stores; and
people who are the customers had learned
what is being done about t h-ij ;i.r'e.-_tin i
and requests.
A total of 40 representatives of the
various Canal Zone communities and
certain groups, such as the Nurses'
Association, the Civic Councils, and the
labor or.,,,nia.:diti<. attended the two
forums. The October forum was the
third for customers of the U. S.-rate
stores and the second for those who do
their Iu. ilr in 1lcal-rate commissaries.
Twenty Suggestions Adopted
F. R. Johnson, Supply Director, who
presided over both meetings and acted as
moderator for the questions and answers,
reported that of the 40 suggestions sub-
mitted at previous forums, 20 had been
adopted almost entirely, 15 were still
under study, and five had been found to
be impractical.
Some of the .u!'.rj:t,,illl, which have
been adopted inclil. I 'h addition of a
number of new items in the food and
ar..,-r\% line; marking of canned fruits and
vegetables to indicate grades-the actual
accomplishment of this is ,'itii', new
numbered tabs; the addition of packers at
checkout stands at the local-rate commis-
saries during rush periods; and emphasis
on courtesy in the training -r.'.-:i ,ii which
was begun for commissary personnel
about five months ago.
Both groups learned, at length, of the
attempts being made by the commis-
saries to provide better potatoes. Lester
Ferguson, Procurement Officer for the

Supply Department in New York, told
those I.ttl-ndline both meetings that much
of the dlll. uilt' with potatoes appears to
be packing and shipping and handling
after they leave the United St.,t.
Shipping Potatoes
He outlined the ff.'i to find potatoes
which would ship well and to locate
growers who would be willing to pack
their potatoes for overseas shipment.
All potatoes sent to the commissaries
must meet high standards, he said; like
all perishable goods they are inspected
twice by Department of Agriculture
inspectors before the potatoes leave the
United .St.t,...
Both refrigerated and non-refrigerated
shipments had been tried, he continued.
Refrigerated potatoes had less p il ,...
but became wet when they were removed
from storage. At both meetings, Mr.
Ferguson showed potatoes in a new
ventilated crate which had been shipped
to the Canal Zone with considerable
He also announced that a new potato,
grown in Maine and especially suitable
for baking, would be put on sale in the

retail stores within the next few months.
Sizing Policies
Much of the time of the U. S.-rate
forum was devoted to commissary sizing
policies. Customers' representatives
criticized the commissaries for 1, i ;,, on
the basis of what was sold i. e., s > many
size 14 dresses, medium-sized shirts, or
7-A shoes rather than on the basis of the
number of requests which were received
for these and which could not be :11 .1
Mr. Johnsn told the group that sales
clerks will he instructed to record the
requests they receive for items and sizes
which they are unable to fill, and that
future buying ,II be guided by these
John Brown, the commissary's shoe
buyer, and E. E. Eder, of the wholesale
housewares section, dis')layed some of
their new items and described others
which would be appearing in the retail
stores in th- near future.
Shoes For Nurses
Mr. Brown told his audience that the
commissaries are now carrying more
large-size shoes than they form lly did- -
this had behn a customers' request and
that they are adding wider widths in
'teen-age sizes for girls. He described
the special shoes for nurses which are
carried by the commis aries; during the
meeting he received a recommendation
from the Nurses' Association as to the
type of shoes they require and want.
Olia. i items discussed at less Il-nithl
included: Handling of meat and the
packaging--W. G. Bain, Superintendent
of Refrigerated Products Stf.r ..-. said
that as tl .u -i u'. I t 4ed he would have
pliofilm inserted between meat and the
cardboard on which it is laid before
S1,',i11.-. availability of ham hocks and
a good "rat" cheese; stocking of better
cabbage; the general desire that U. S.
sugar be made available in five-pound
packages; different styles in men's trou-
sers; more medium sized clothing of all
types for men; grading of ,:.. and a
request that the newer synthetic fabrics
and weaves be provided as yard ..'.d I
Local Rate Forum
At the forum for customers of local-
rate commissaries, five days later, much
of th" discussion c ,t",red (see p se i12)

CUSTOMERS OF the local-rate commissaries talked over some of their problems at a forum held
last month. Some of those ot. ',i;,, appear above, left to right: C. It .. I C(leveland Roberts.
Marcus Grannum, Richard Burns, Mrs. Hilda Butcher, Mrs. Norma E. i 1. ii...., Norman Johnson.
Lester Ferguson, F. R. Johnson, and, with their backs to the camera, left to right: George N. Engelke.
C. R. :i i, John Manning, and B, J. Elich.

November 5, 1954


^ L..

m~S l~fe^--


November 5, 1954

fl-A IfIf



()ne of the hardest things in the world
to explain is how accidents happen.
Many people think accidentsjust happen,
as tl..,.hli they were in the same category
as an earthquake or a ',lliin. meteor.
Workers still do not comprehend that
accidents h:ave clearly discernible causes
and that they can be prevented.
If vou \ ever have bumped into the
)pr.obhm of convincing your men, or fore-


.iP .ilrIG .... .- --- '.
-^ ~~ u^

c^., ''-'
"Kennedy, you've been going to
the stock car races again!"

Bureau Award For
I .immuininl Services --------------
( m l lair- --. ..----.---------.---
Health ... --- ----------- ----------
'iiiniiirine and Construction ----
%u iplp .. -----------------
Marine ----------------------------
Transportation and Terminals -----
Division Award For
Aids to Navigation ---------
Sanitation -..---------------------
Service Center -..-----------------.
Motor Transportation --------.
Dredging .----------------------
Electrical ----- -------- -- ----
Grounds Maintenance -------------
Hospitalization and Clinics...- ----
Industrial ... -------------------
Maintenance ------------ ---
Railroad -------------------------.
I.ocks.-. ..-------------------------
Navigation .. ..------------
Commissary. ---------------------
Terminals .------------------------



men, that accidents are preventable, then
you will be interested in this discussion of
accident causes printed below. It is a
somewhat condensed version of one of
the talks that appears in the brand new
book of Fire Minute Talks (Book four)
which the National Safety Council has

by FRED LI'BET, Staff Representative
Accidents don't just happen. They are
always caused. And the cause is almost
always that same person, or persons, fell
down on the job somewb.,-l .,1i.i. the line.
Suppose you fell on a stairs, no demon
tripped you. Sirn, thin'; made you fall.
That something was the result of an act
of a person, or a failure of a person to act.
Chances are the fall was your own fault.
Maybe you were taking the stairs too
fast. \I,'. I. you had had a few beers.
M.I I,'. you were .iirr ieI .,'ii thliiLn too
big and bulky. Maybe your eyesight
is bad.
But :n i1l- somebody else did some-
thing to cause your fall. Maybe Junior
left his skates on the stairs. Maybe
\I.,m left a mop bucket there. Maybe
the bannister was broken or the carpet
torn. Maybe the light was poor. N I, I
the whole blooming stairs just collapsed
because it was rotten.
Probably, thi..,,i. your fall was the
result of a combination of these things.
Now let's take an example here at work.
Here's one that involves fire, .,ilth','h it
could just as easily be machine operation,
using ladders, or anything else.
Here's a i, iV -.tt.. Suppose I light
it and throw it on the floor. It burns a
while and then goes out. N\.thing hap-
pens. Suppose I throw the cigarette in
a pile of scrap paper. Now the smolder-


Engineering and Construction Bureau

Community Services Bureau

Civil Affairs Bureau

Marine Bureau

C. Z. Govl.-Panama Canal Co. (This Month)

C. Z. Gov.-Panama Canal Co.(Last 3-Year Av.)

Supply Bureau
Health Bureau

( Transportation and Terminals Bureau

Number of Disabling Injuries.

ing cigarette starts a fire.
A lot of fires start this way. \\ h..
fault are they? The guy who carelessly
throws away a lighted cigarette, or the
.u\ who leave a mess of burnable stuff
into which it can fall and start a fire?
The answer, of course, is both parties
a combination.
That's how it is with most accidents.
Someone breaks a safety rule in a situa-
tion where there is an accident-combina-
tion ready and waiting to turn the unsafe
act into a disaster. Not every dangerous
act produces an accident. But no acci-
dent is ever produced unless one or more
dangerous acts are committed.
Sometimes you kid yourself into think-
ing "Well, everything is just right, so I
can break a rule because it won't produce
an accident in this case."
That kind of thinking is just the type
that produces all those deaths you hear
about from so-called unloaded guns. A
guy thinks he knows the gun is unloaded,
so he can pull the trigger, because an
unloaded gun never goes off. But he is
wrong and there is a tragic accident.
It doesn't ever pay to violate the
safety rule, "N'. r. point a gun at any-
thing you don't want to shoot." And
it's the same in your .1 ;1l work -it
doesn't ever pay to violate a safety
1,., .,l it;in. That's just like Ip.intin; an
unloaded gun at someone.
Remember that there is a cause or
causes for every accident. If everyone
would do his part to make working here
safe, there would be no accidents. Make
sure you do your share for safety.
* *
There is never any excuse for an cci-
dent, there is only a reason.
lTii.-c-ht can usually explain an acci-
dent that foresight should have prevented.

Disabling Injuries per 1.000,000 Man-Hours Worked
(Frequency Rate)
i ______ 4;0 50

SL--- -

10 20 s0 40 b0
Man-Hours Worked ...--.. .... 2,285,102

S- Amount Better Than Canal Zone Government-Panama (anal Company Last 3-Year Average

Amount Worse Than Canal Zone Government Panama Canal Company Last 3-Year Average
Accumulative Frequency Rate This Year


November 5, 1954


Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at

I'ntled by the Priinting Plan
Mount Hope. Canal Zone

Joiix S. S.-, 1.![, Governor-President

H. (. PAXSON, Lieutenant Governor

Public Information Officer

J. RUFus HARDY, Editor

Editorial Assistant

SUBSCR IPTION-$1.00 a year
SINGLE COPIES -5 cents each

On sale at all Panama Canal Service Cen-
ters, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days
after publication date.

BACK COPIES-10 cents each
On sale when available, from the Vauit
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building.
Balboa Heights.

Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to Editor, THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

Retired Last Month

I' 1
Mrs. KATHERINE M. SWAIN (known as
"Katie Mary") retired from Canal service at the end
of October after more than 20 years of being District
Nurse and one-woman Well Baby Clinic for the
Pacific Side of the Isthmus.
For years Katie Mary has gotten along won-
derfully with the younger .' i. I.., whom she con-
siders adults in miniature and treats as such. Each
year she has met and inquired into the health of
some 1,000 new babies--even more during the war
years. She is shown above with one of the many
she has helped usher -l'r...-. babyhood


STAR OF the show during fire prevention week was chieff Sparky, the fire prevention dog who, as
maset for the Canal Zone Fire Division, rode ..-. _.. the streets of Panama and the Canal Zone on a
Balboa Fire Truck durin-i the fire prevention parade. In private life. Sparky is a lad I)almatian named
PI. r. who was loaned for the occasion by Mr. and Mrs. John E. Schmidt of Ancon. Shown above,
1. t1. nee Dagmar, sits at attention beside Sgt. Edward E. Albin of the Ballba Fire Station.

There is a new look to the Board Room
in the Administration Building at
Balboa Heights these days.
The change, engineer.:d hy John D.
Hollen, Chief of t h F \Ei ul Iine Planning
Staff, was brought about mostly by the
addition of six new giant-size photo-
graphs of various scenes in the Canal
Zone taken by C. S. LaClair, Panama
Canal official photographer. They re-
place the Pennell lithographs which
have been in the Board Room for
many years.
Enlarged and mounted on wooden
mounting blocks, the scenes include
black and white photographs of the
locks at Pedro Miguel, the Goethals
Memorial in Balboa, a view of the Cris-
tobal Docks, Gaillard Cut, the Dredg-
ing Division at work in Gamboa and a
picture of the SS "Gothic," the ship
on which Queen Elizabeth visited the
Canal, passing through Pedro Miguel
The conference table and several
pieces of furniture have been re-ar-
ranged to give the Board Room a more
spacious appearance, and several pot-
ted plants add a green touch.
The Board Room was designated as
such in the original plans of the Admin-
istration Building and is one of the
few rooms in the building which is still
being used for its original purpose.

Canal Zone postal officials, anticipating
the Christmas rush, have come out with
their annual appeal to Canal Zone residents
to mail their Christmas packages and
letters early.
One of the first Christmas mail deadlines
is less than two weeks away, they have
pointed out.
All packages and f first class mail to be
sent tthe members of the armed forces
overseas or to friends and relatives anl\-
where in the world except the I'nited States
should be mailed from the Canal Zone by-
November 15.
More time is given to those sending
ordinary parcels and first class mail to
the United States and air-mail parcels and
letters to foreign destinations. T"he deadline

on this type Iif mail is I)ecember 10.
Christmas air mail for the States should he
sent out of here by December 18 at the
latest if there is to lie ;any guarantee (of
delivery before Iecember 25. In any case.
mail earlx u a avoid the rush both in the
Canal Zone and in the I'nited States.
postal authorities advise.

The home fire safety questionnaire
sent out during Fire PreventionWeek by
the Canal Zone Fire Division to Canal
Zone families, through the children in
the elementary grades, was an out-
standing success this year, Fire Divi-
sion officials have reported.
The questions, answered in a joint
session by the entire family, showed
that most Canal Zone families made a
sincere effort to keep their homes safe
from fire. In most cases, however,
there was nothing they could do about
multiple attachment plugs which are
used to supplement the number of
outlets in the home, and the matter of
special circuits for heavy duty appli-
ances was left strictly to the Electrical
Most Canal Zone families, according
to the questionnaire, have no base-
ments or cellars, no oil mops nor baby
sitters, do not repair their own cars
and had nothing to do with installing
the fuses in their quarters. A supris-
ing majority do not smoke and since
they have electric stoves in the kitchen,
they have no use for the matches they
have been advised to keep out of the
reach of the children.
During Fire Prevention Week, the
children of the first three elementary
grades were taken on a tour of the
Canal Zone fire stations, there others
were witnesses to fire fighting demon-
stations. Each child who turned in a
completed questionnaire was made a
Junior Fire Chief in good standing and
given a certificate signed by Sparky,
the fire prevention dog, to prove it.
Four thousand of these Junior Fire
Chief certificates (in Spanish) were
given to the Panama Bomberos for the
junior fire fighters in the Panama
elementary schools.

Up And Down The Banks Of The Canal

Marine Bureau
It prohabl'y was1 i't llurric:ni w l ,zel,
but just reldl:ir O)ctoher weather which
kicked iup he iv ea cutsid of t 1 ....
last month. .it any rate, Iwhatever the
r:ason, ioiardi parties had to use tow-
boats at I hr anicihraL for about four days
to make their ,rutiine !' on ships about
to start thi ('anal transit. The -; as were
too rough for til launches on which the
hoarding parties Il.. travel, to make
the trip "out ide." And then, for there'
days, the waves were still so high that
the waiting ships moved up into Balboa
harbor and the 1 ...:i I;. was done
11W,'ter (i nnan, f riner em plyee of the
li I .llec 'anical Dirisiin, was a ('anal Zone
risit- r lust month; he arrived on the 'US-foot
yacht Explorer, of whirh he is captain.
The Explorer, which is used for scien-
tifir exrpeditions hi! the Unirr'i'sity f M.liami
had ihe:n working !t the .-....ti Americian
west roait. At a w'st coast port it was
loaded onto the dek (f the (Grac Line's
Santa Barbara and brought to Cristobal.
Unloaded there, it returned .i .. '., th'
('anal t, Balhui where Captain Gorman
tied up at the Balboa Yacht i .'.
1 ..,* the '.. .. ", ., of , dry season,
sci.'ntisls .. f .'fi here to rejoin, the Elxplorer
and rentci their work.
Balboa Harhbor had two unusually
interesting visitors in October: the
Navy hospital ship "Haven" and the
four-masted Brazilian training ship
"Almirante Saldanha.
The "Haven," true to her name, had
been involved in a mercy mission just
before she arrived in Canal waters. A
sick crewman was transferred from the
Swedish freighter "Soya Maria" to the
"Haven" in the Caribbean when the
freighter radioed that he was ill and
the ship had no doctor aboard. An
emergency appendectomy put the crew-
man back on his feet in no time at all.
The Brazilian four-master caused
considerable curiosity among Zone resi-
dents, many of whom telephoned the
Ealboa Port Captain's office to ask its
The tr.aiiiiii ship was making its
second ( .ia.Il /.one call this year. In
July, it had stopped in Balboa en route
from Rio de Janeiro via Port of Spain,
Trinidad, to San Francisco, via Balboa,
Acapulco, San I )..., Honolulu, and
Guam. In October it was on its way
from San Francisco, via Los Aunllv.,.
Manzanillo, Balboa, Cartagena, ILa
Guaira, Belem, and Recife.

Supply Bureau
John .11. Brown, (Cornmis.ary Sho,'
Bt ycr', flei to X'ir York October !22 on his
sc',rl buiyingi trip of the year. IWhile ini
the U nie l I takes he will visit the National
F ''air in ('hicago and the Popular
Price ,,' '' ** in Boslon.
Dl)unn his trip he sec the new
'f. "in'js tailt hil bi matnniifarctured later
for thile lDI!i Sprinli and Sumer seasons.
si. rIsI tI it lhe ready for deiiieri for
fil I to .si.r months after the ari ious slhrw-ingis.
Henry .Il. Catherwood had been
..1Ii..ti I to the Mount iHope Guard
I ..,. Ii,. appointment completes
the unit.
Frank I'I.l11 ir, of the Mount Hope
Printing Plant, has been i;i. lI tem-
porarily t h1 > t ) lI; ,ti, I 'nit of the
Printing ; at Balboa i. .it I He is
relieving~ (1 r. Sanford, who is on
vacation in the Inited -it i.

Governor-President's Office

D ., i.-1 A. Me Kabney, a former Canal
, .,,'.r,,.,. is back on the Isthmus icith a
degree in law. He joined the .JIif of the
(i)f;,.- of the General Counsel early last
month. lHe had worked with various units
of the Canal organization from 1940 until
I',: when he resigned to enter the Navy.
Fromn 19.17 to 1951 he was II i.t,, ,1 by the
Accounting Division, returning to the
United States to enter law school at the
University of Illinois. He is a member r(f
the Illinois State Bar.

(. Kellar, I( I,, of the Safety Branch,
lftfor the fUnited ,..'!' about mid-October.
He attended the National .',i fri Congress
which iwas held in ( i r:,.. October 18-22.
O!J:timers in the Governor's Office
and elsewhere in the Canal Zone wel-
comei an old friend last month. He was
Brig. Gen. James A. Steese, one-time
assistant to the Governor of the Canal
General Steese, who is an inveterate
traveler, arrived from Australia on the
last lap of a trip around the world. He
spent about two weeks here, seeing
what had happened in the three years
since his previous visit.

Personnel Bureau
MI Barbara B. Stiiv and Mrs.
Katharine T. Purdy are new employees
in the Wa'e and Classification Division.
Mrs. Story, who I'r *- i. Il\ worked as
a Position (', -it r for the Weather
Bureau in Washington, holds a similar
position with the Canal organization.
Mrs. Purdy, who was employed by the
United t it. Embassy in \l.uiil,, is a
The Central Labor Office, Building
69, is having iquirrel trouble. For sev-
eral years a familI of squirrels had
made its home around the vine-covered
building on Roosevelt Ave. Office work-
ers say the squirrels are inltre.-ting and
cute but deplore their habit of dropping
half-eaten green almonds on freshly-
washed automobiles.
Several personnel changes have taken place
in the Personnel Bureau. Mrs. Jolie Ann.
Seeley resigned her position as (', .l'-..i, ,,.
yogruphlii il theEmployment and I '..'.t t.,l
Division early last month. Doris May
(Cii'i Blussey is taking her place.
Another .. t t,.1;..'i was that of Mrs.
Jean .1. Jacobson, of the Central Labor
ii., Division. Her husband, an Aimy
warrant 'ffi., was transferred to the
Pentagon .,, it L'.;,il,.,

Health Bureau
Dr. Eryanic P. Shirol:k;, of the Surgii al
Service at Gorgas IHospital, left ,,., l to
aiiend a course on the medical treatment of
atoilic casualties. The course was given
at Walter Reed Medical ('enter in Wash-
ington between October 18 and October 27.
l'hile in the United .* ,. ., he plans to
attend the 19J54 Clinical congresss of the
American C...,',... of Suiens. This will
be held at Atlantic City, N. J.

Dr. Robert D. lWallace is a new veteri-
narian with the Health Bureau, stationed
at the Corozal Clinic. A native of .!' ', .'1,
Nebr., he is a graduate in Veterinary
Medicine from the universityy of Missouri
with the class of 1 ".,. He has been in
general practice in St. Paul, Minn.
Dr. Henry W. Harper, formerly veteri-
narian at the Corozal Clinic, is now on
duty in the Health, af.. in Panama City.

Dr. James R. West recently joined the
Pediatrics Section of Gorgas Hospital
A graduate of the University of Ohio, he
has served as a medical ..itti.'r in the
Army. At the time of his .ipp.inhi Int
to Gorgas Hospital he had just completed
his i bl.-r.- at Childrens' Hospital in
Akron, Ohio. Dr. West's wife and three
young daughters reside with him in
Ancon's "Fishbowl" section.

Civil Affairs Bureau
The annual public drawing for low
numbers for l'i'. automobile license
plates will be held Saturday morning,
November 20. The drawing will take
place in the office of the License Section
of the Civil Affairs Ptil.lin.. on Gaillard
Highway and will begin at 8 a. m.
Numbers will be assigned in order of
di.r. ill- f.lr th first thousand applications
Applications will be available begin-
ning tomorrow, November 6, at all Canal
Zone Gasoline stations, at the License
Section Office, and at the Drivers Exam-
iners office in Building 1029, Cristobal.
The ii.iv.in. for low license numbers
will be conducted by L. R. Evans, Chief
of the License Section, and E. L. Farlow
of the Civil Affairs Director's Office. It
will be witnessed and supervised by
representatives of U. S.- and local-rate
civic councils; the public is invited to
Zonians who would like low license
numbers should get their applications
in early.

The Office of the Contraband Control
Section, of which P. L. Dade is Chief,
moved the end of last month from the
Civil Affairs Building to Building 721-
the old Balboa Dispensary Building-
on Balboa Prado.
An informal fi u i, Il party was held one
Friday afternoon last month in room 208
of the Civil Affairs Building, honoring
Mrs. Marie It. Gore on her last day at
work with the Police Division.
Mrs. Gore, who has been arrest clerk of
the Police Division for the past five :,,i 4.
has gone to Marianna, Fla., to join her
husband. He is with the Civil Aero-
nautics Administration.
l'ii,,t.-ti:' of her fellow workers wished
1i,.. Gore goodbye and presented her with

November 5, 1954



a tan alligator handbag and a pair of
gold earrings. Maj. George Herman,
C,, f of the Police Division, made the
presentation speech.
A highlight of the jifl,', was a beauti-
fully decorated cake, on which icing letters
said, "Hasta la Vista, Marie." The Bal-
boa Police .,tI.tl,,, got in on the party,
indirectly; what was left of the cake was
sent to the station.
The annual enrollment drive of the
Canal Zone Chapter of the Junior Red
Cross will be held from November > -1
under the sponsorship of Mrs. Jean A.
Karch, Chairman, and Mrs. Doris C.
Etrhh.'r. r. Assistant Chairman. Both
are with the Schools Division.
The Junior Red Cross, which is sup-
ported by the children of the Canal Zone,
does a great amount of work for children
on the Isthmus and abroad.
Money contributed by the children is
placed in a service fund and used for
helping less fortunate children. For in-
stance, eyeglasses are purchased for
children who cannot otherwise afford
them; medicine and other help is given to
children in the Republic of Panama; and
packages are sent to children in Europe.
Among other things, the Junior Red
Cross during the Christmas holiday sea-
son sometimes presents fruits, candy and
toys to children passing through the
Canal on ships, and bound for such far
away places as Australia and New Zealand
Richard H. Whitehead, a member of
the Goethals Memorial commission and
an expert on Isthmian history, has
presented two sets of books to the Canal
Zone Library. They are: Hakluyt's
"Navigation and Voyages," a reprint of
the 1598-1600 edition, in 12 volumes,
and Damier's "Voyages," a second
edition printed in 1709 n London. The
latter is in three volumes.
The two sets will be stored in the
rare-book vault of the Library's Pana-
ma Collection and will be used for an
exhibit in the near future.
* .
Former Zonians get around. Friends at
the Civil Affairs Bureau have received word
recently of two of their former colleagues,
W. H. Drake and J. W. Tannehill.
Mr. Drake is Chief of Police for Las
Vegas, N. Mex., and recently was the
recipient on behalf of the city of a special
citation, presented by the New Mexico
AAA Club. The citation was given for
the city's part in the 1953 National Pedes-
trian Protection contest. Chief Drake was
with the Canal organization from 1925
until 1947.
The other former Zonian, Mr. Tannehill,
was with the post offices here during con-
struction days. He served as postmaster
at Ancon and Station A for about seven
years and was at the old Matachin Post
Office for about seven months. He also
served temporarily as postal inspector. He
is now a distributor of auto specialities in
Pasadena, Calif.

Office of the Comptroller
James L. Fulton is acting Chief of the
Fiscal Division during the absence on leave
of Floyd H. Baldwin. Mr. Baldwin left
October 28 for a six-week vacation in the
United States.

Richard H. Egolf, Supervisor of the
Machine Accounting Unit of the Account
ing Division, now on leave in the United
States, will spend about a week on official
duty at the National Cash Register Com-
pany plant in Dayton, Ohio. He will

observe and study ;m I .uniiri.n machine
techniques there.

Donald Luke, an 'i/' ','' of the Account-
ing Division, returned to the Canal Zone
last month after five months f.i, ',r/ duty
at the Panama Canal Company's Newn
York t... He worked with personnel of
the Finance Department and had i/t'. .- of
the development and installation of revisions
of the Accounting System.
Members of the Tabulating Machine
Section of the Payroll Branch got
together last month for cocktails and
a buffet dinner. The affair was so
successful that they plan to have
similar gatherings each month.

Community Services Bureau

Raoul 0. Theriault, new Administrative
Assistant in the Office of the Community
Services Director, has become a Pacific side
resident for the first time in his career.
Born in Massachusetts, he joined the Canal
organization in 1940 as a commissary
assistant. All of his work, heretofore, has
been on the Atlantic side. At the time of
his transfer to the Community Services
Bureau, he was Supervisary Accountant in
the Commissary Division at Mount Hope.
Incidentally, he pronounces his name as
if it were spelled "tarry-oh."
The last of the 33 families who have
chosen the new Diablo two-family
masonry quarters for their residences
moved into their new houses on October
7. The first family had moved into the
new quarters two months to a day
Assignments to the Diablo quarters
varied widely as to service. The earli-
est service date was May 12, 1934; the
latest, January 5 of this year.
Emmett Zemer and John W. Hare,
Realty Inspectors, were subjected to a
thorough razzing by their fellow workers
last month. Both former Safety Inspectors,
they were in the field near Pedro Miguel on
business connected with land licenses, when
they came to a small stream which could be
crossed only by a log bridge. Whether they
tested its sturdiness or not, they aren't
saying. At any rate the log broke and
spilled them both; Mr. Zemer was com-
pletely soaked and Mr. Hare got off with
a little less thorough dr, i, bing.

Engineering and Construction
Wild horses would seem to be an
unlikely element to associate with a
project such as the Contractors Hill
excavation where some of the most
modern and powerful machines are
presently tearing the living rock
asunder in huge chunks and hauling it
swiftly to the dumping area.

However one of the minor nuisances
encountered by the personnel working
at Contractors Hill was the sudden
appearance of several stray "caballos"
who, despite noise and threats, per-
sisted in hanging around.
Their presence, and the flies which
followed, could have been tolerated,
but the early morning and night shift
driver going to and from the job was
often startled at the ghostly appear-
ance of a horse suddenly looming
through the mists and fog which hang
over the hill.
Since no one wanted to injure one of
the animals, Zone Police were asked to
remove to safer pasturage these un-
usual menaces to modern construction.
Philip T Greene, Industrial Training
Coordinator for the Appientice School,
recently returned from the United N.lt,
where he completed several courses. One of
lh, i uI:: at. lii.,'., a. I.. -I. stitute of
7'rT, ril'i... where a special one-week course
was given on corrosion. Another was a
two-week course, given in New York
City by the Texas Oil Company, on
7T, ,,- were followed by another two weeks
at MIT, this time on Transitors and
Physics of Gaseous Electronic Devices, and
by two weeks at the General Electric Com-
pany at Schenectady, N. Y., on Ignitron
While some of the training was at
ConpIat rexpensefor use in the Apprentice
school, thr remainder was for additional
personal training.
The Engineering Division recently
issued a building permit to the Sectional
Officer of the Salvation Army, author-
izing the construction of a combination
chapel and living quarters in Paraiso.
a 0
J. B. Smith, Electrical Engineer of the
Panama Canal Company, returnedfrom the
United States October 12 after a short
leave. He accompanied his elder son, Paul,
to Albuquerque, N. Mex., where Paul
entered the University of New Mexico.
Paul recently won a four-year Naval
ROTC scholarship, and, despite a subse-
quent appointment to the United States
Naval Academy at Annapolis, chose the
University of New Mexico for his studies.
Responsibility for the maintenance of
Gorgas Hospital and for the operation
and maintenance of the hospital's steam
plant has been assumed by the Mainte-
nance Division.
Clearing for the relocated Aids to
Navigation power lines by the Elec-
tricial Division now provides a wide,
clear view of the back of Contractors
Hill. Motorists can see much of the
grading activity on the hill, without
having to enter the restricted area and
without encountering the dirt, mud,
and dust of the heavy grading work.
They may even be fortunate enough
to witness a blast and still be safe from
flying rock.
The ride along Borinquen Highway
is spectacular and unusual and the
gorge of the Rio Grande, like its States-
side namesake, is impressive now that
the vegetation which formerly hid it
is removed.

Contractors Hill continues to draw
interested visitors from military, pro-
fessional, and business fields. During
the past 30 days they included two
officers from the Corps of Engineers
and two from the Navy's Engineers;
two representatives of Macco Pan-
Pacific; a representative of the Hercules
Powder Company; two officers from the
Inter-American Geodetic Survey; a
representative from Standard Oil Com-
pany, and a number of Company-
Government officials.

November 5, 1954


Digitized by the

Lyrasis M

2010 with



i Internet Archive
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oan Foundation



It Takes A Lot Of Doing

To Move A Hospital

COLON HOSPITAL admitted its first patients in May 1910, its last on October 26. 1954.

Any householder who has ever moved-
and who hasn't-can understand a little of
what was involved in transferring an entire
A certain amount of linen, beds, dishes,
food, medicine and equipment are needed
for a family of five; a hospital whose normal
capacity is 200 beds, and its emergency
capacity half again as large, has all of
those, and many other items,
too. I :

The remo
ule, in six w
to the Dir
ices (which
Civil Affair
for fire hazi
"A person

b '7

Just as any family plans,
in its collective mind, what
alterations to make and where :
to place furniture, "if we get
the house," the Colon Hospi-
tal staff had done some theo-
retical planning before the
Coco Solo Hospital was actu-
ally transferred to the Canal
Zone Government by the
Navy September 1.
Built as a service hospital,
Coco Solo needed a number
of changes to fit it, to the pecu-
liar requirements of a con-
solidated hospital for the
Atlanticside. Manyofthese
changes has been worked out
on paper hut others had to be
decided "on the 'rotnd."
By the time the work was
completed in mid-October
and the hospital staff could
begin to stock shelves. make
beds, provision pharmacy and
kitchens, a large percentage DR. JOHN' M. WILlK tSON. Coco Siolo Hupital
of the Canal's divisions had iip'iotefdlnt, stops for a mate in the elolw-tled
had some part in the remodel- piratingg room.
ing of the Coco Solo building. Leo C. Page, began to sto
Chief of the Architectural Branch, and hospital rea
Rubeho Quintero of the Electrical-Mechan- the special
ical Branch, tirtuall.' "lived on the job" NMclhenny.
working out the needed changes with Dr. his assistant
J. M. Wilkerson and his right-band man, Finally m
Robert Cole. Maintenance Diviqion forces, on a cloudy
directed by Nelson Magner, until he became eight weeks
ill, and iith Henry T. Carp:'nter as fore- the bostpita
man in charge, worked six da.s a %%eek patients ent
tearing down walls, rebuilding partitions. Co',) Sole
tearing up concrete, laying tile, and doin ras born at
a multitude of other things. For the
Electrical and mechanical engineers from diidd for the
the Engineering Division made the neces- Hospital op
sary, change' in layout, and miiremen and
telephone men, like Carl Neuhard and finished, the
Harvey Smith, of the Electrical Division transferred
spent long hours at the ho.apital and making n
cable connections in the field. a.m.


dealing was completed, on sched-
'eeks. It brought the following
ion from the Governor's Office
actors of the Engineering and
n, Health, Community Serv-
is installing a snack bar), and
s (whose foreman bad checked
yards and like jobs) Bureaus:
nal inspection this morning of
the Coco Solo Hospital for-
cibly brought to my attention
the fine job that has been
done by our forces in the
conversion of the hospital.
"I would appreciate it if
you will pass on to all the
employees who have worked
on this project my commenda-
tion for their cooperation, and
a job well done under emer-
gency and deadline require-
"I particularly want to
mention the superior per-
formances of Mr. Nelson W.
Magner, Mr. Henry T. Car-
penter, and Mr. Leo C. Page,
of the Engineering and Con-
struction Bureau."
A special note commended
the "constant, careful and
intelligent interest displayed
by the Superintendent-desig-
nate, Dr. itlkerson, in seeing
that he acquired a hospital of
which the Canal Zone may
he proud."
When the remodeling was
completed, the hospital staff
ick the storeroom and made the
dy for patients. This job was
responsibility of David C.
the hospital's supply chief, and
, Mrs. Mildred Frensley.
moving day came. At 7 o'clock
W wednesday morning, exactly
to a day from the date when
il was transferred, the first
ered Coco Solo Hospital.
o Hospital's first baby, a girl,
:l0a. m.
move, the hospital staff had
es, some of them keeping Colon
rating until the transfer was
others putting Coco Solo into
The last of the 91 patients
left Colon Hospital at 11:07

COCO SOLO HOSPITAL is set in 40 acres of beautifully landscaped ground.
just off the Boyd-Roosevelt Highway.

Fllfsr TOPjp for hospital piltints is the desk 11 thp maidi l.bb. abhoe Beloa is a vsew of the ro)ro
.-,In Hnspital r large iill-eqluipped kitrhen T'he ipi h .pial ia i normal capacilv or 200 patients.

look at the pharmacy

A LOT OF LINE'; is npeded II keep three 42-blh-t iards-like that shisni in the i"p pirturv--and the
other patient fachill.ia f -Coco Solo Hospital in operation. I'h l inn roam is shnbn behi'.

t'LI1MB-PROOF fencing leeps )oitngtersa av'a5
from the stairwells.

Rodriguez's And Smiths Outnumber -

All Others On Panama Canal Rolls

FILE AFTER FILE in Balboa's Building 69 is
filled with records of people rn im. I;. ,,. Mrs.
Hua Rigby i. L',i', to have hr.l ro,. hl,-.,in Jcse.
There are 299 Jose's listed.

What's in a name? Or should it be,
how many to a name? Numerically, as
far as the Panama Canal Company-Canal
Zone Government rolls are concerned, the
Rodriguez's and the Smiths have it,
hands down.
Currently there are 112 people named
Rodriguez on the Canal rolls, and 56
Smiths; if one rang in such Smith near-
relatives as Schmidt (4), Schmitt (1), and
Smithson (1), the number would increase
to 62, although that would be a far cry
from the Rodriguez total.
In addition to the 112 Rodriguez's on
the rolls of the Canal organization proper,
there are 171 others working for the
Army, Air Force, Navy, or for contract-
ors or inisr'llanrienus agvenieK. in the Canal
Zone, an'. tht-r filek- are all in the custody
of the Canal's Personnel Bureau.
Jose Rodriguez
Down at Building 79, where the Per-
sonnel Bureau keeps the files on local-rate
employees working anywhere in the Canal
Zone, there are individual records of 3,331
persons named Rodriguez. Of this total,
3,331, there are 209 whose first name is
Jos6. Eight standard four-drawer filing
cabinets are needed to store the files of
the people named Rodriguez.
And these are current figures, from per-
sonnel records established since December
1939. Approximately 30,000 other files of
former employees, including those re-
cruited from El Salvador and Colombia,
are in dead storage and were not searched
for their Rodriguez's; Personnel people
will wager that there are also plenty of
the Rodriguez clan listed in those files.
Now The Smiths
Now as to the Smiths; There are 41
Smith men and 15 women named Smith
working for 22 Company-Government
units. The Locks Division heads the list
with nine Smit h-, two of whom are named
George. One is G.cr-.! A. and the other
George W.; th. \ are not related.
The Electrical Division and the Hosp-
ital and Clinics Division tie for second
place, withsevi, n Smith ,...Ir SixSmiths
work for the Industrial Division, four

each for the Maintenance and Schools
Division; the Police and Railroad Divi-
sions have two Smiths each, as has the
Office of the Comptroller.
Charles Smith
Thirty-one of the 56 Smiths live on the
Pacific side, including Gamboa. Three of
the Atlantic side Smiths have the same
first name, Charles. Charles Samuel
Smith is a detective sergeant with the
Cristobal Police District. Charles Sidney
Smith is a guard with the Terminals Div-
ision. Charles Tallie Smith is a conductor
for the Railroad Division. There is also
a Pacific side Charles Smith, an appren-
tice shipfitter with the Industrial Division.
Eight pairs of Smiths share the same
first name. There are the Arthurs-Ar-
thur L., a lock operator machinist, and
Arthur W., administrative assistant in
the Office of the Health Director. The
Davids are Maj. David H., military assist-
ant to the Governor, and David S., a
steam locomotive crane engineer for the
Industrial Division.
Smiths By Pairs
Elsie H. Smith is a clerk-typist with
the Balboa Storehouse, and Mrs. Elsie N.
Smith an accounting clerk with the Ac-
counts Branch. At Gatun Locks are the
two Georges: George A., a lock operator
machinist leader, and George W., a clerk.
Jack E. Smith is a police officer at Balboa,
and Dr. Jack I. Smith is the district phys-
ician at Gamboa.
John P. Smith is the chief of the Sani-

Commissary Customers And Officials
Exchange Ideas At Semi-Annual Forums
(Continuel front page 5) on provision
of more space at Santa Cruz, now crowded
because of the increase in population.
G. N. Engelke, Assistant General Man-
ager of the Commissary Division, told
the group that during the Christmas
season the Santa Cruz Commissary's
second floor, which has not been used for
some time, would be utilized as a sales
room and that consideration would be
given to continued use of this space after
the holidays.
Locks For Package Bins
Several customers suggested that the
Gamboa commissaries be open on Wed-
nesday evening instead of Thursday.
Since Wednesday is a payday on alter-
nate weeks, it would be most convenient
to shop after the men return from work
with their pay checks.
Another suggestion made during this
forum was that some sort of check or
guard system be established to prevent
the pilfering from lockers into which
customers put their purchases while they
are buying in other parts of the store.
Commissary officials promised to look into
this and suggested that meanwhile, the
customers use combination rather than
key locks on the bins.
Commissary Calendars
Local-rate customers were told that a
supply of complimentary calendars would
be made available this year in the com-
missaries. Methods for their distribution
were discussed and a 'ugi--ti'on made
that commissary purchase authority cards
be rubber stamped when an employee
receives his calendar, in order to assure
an equitable distribution.

SMITH SPEAKING, but which one? J. Palmer
Smith, Jr., Chief of the Sanitation Division, seated,
and Arthur W. Smith, Administrative Assistant,
answer the same telephone in the Chief Health Office.

station Division, and John R. Smith is
general and transmission supervisor for
the Electrical Division. Both Josephs are
Atlantic siders; Joseph C. is a plumber
with the Maintenance Division, and Jos-
eph F. a towing locomotive operator at
Gatun Locks. The other pair of Smiths
is the Roberts, also both Atlantic siders.
Robert C. is a filtration plant operator
for the Maintenance Division, and Rob-
ert W. works for the Industrial Division
as a crane operator.

Vincent Huber, Assistant Manager of
Wholesale Dry Goods, and John Manning
who heads the Wholesale Grocery Sec-
tion, talked briefly to the customer
Mr. Huber showed a number of new
clothing items, including nylon and dacron
blouses for women, and two "leisure
jackets" for men, one of which was made
in Panama.
Mr. Manning displayed several new
grocery items, including jams and mar-
malade, deviled ham, liver paste, and a
cane syrup.
Attending the two forums were:
Mr. Johnson, Mr. Ferguson, B. J.
Elich, Assistant to the Supply Director;
Norman Johnson, Employee and Labor
Relations Officer; R. N. Sullivan, and
George N. Engelke, General Manager and
Assistant General Manager, respectively;
Mr. Huber, Mr. Manning, Mr. Bain,
Mr. Brown, Mr. Eder, and C. P. Shay,
all of the Commissary Division; and the
following customer representatives:
C. W. Chase, W. H. Esslinger, Mrs.
Jean Bleakley, Mrs. Frances Longmore,
Mrs. Thelma Bull, J. D. McLean, J. T.
Dillon, Mrs. Walter Wagner, Mrs. C. L.
Coate, Herschel Gandy, Mrs. Rae Ebdon,
Mrs. R. C. Meissner, Mrs. Elsa Bailey,
Mrs. Q. M. Berger, Mrs. Jean Bailey,
Mrs. Grayce Gravatt, Mrs. Eleanor
Becker, R. C. Daniel, Mrs. Robert
Medinger, Mrs. Faye Minton;
Cyril Atherly, Richard Burns, Mrs.
Hilda Butcher, Mrs. Anita Barnett, A. B.
Dalby, Marcum Grannum, C. Haywood,
Miss Gloria McFarlane, Mrs. Lulitta
McFarquhar, Cleveland Roberts, Mrs.
Doris Alexis, W. N. Arthur, Harold A.
Josephs, Jefferson Josephs, and Mrs.
Anacia McNish.


November 5, 1954

November 5, 1954


Dipper Dredge "Cascadas"

Works On Canal Bank Break

The second major slide or bank break
to occur in the Canal this year was sched-
uled to be cleared up the first week in
November after more than two weeks of
night-time dredging operations by the
15-cubic-yard dipper dredge Cascadas.
The operation involved an estimated
45,000 cubic yards of material, mostly
rock, which broke away from the west
bank of the Canal October 16 about four
miles north of Contractors Hill.
Dr.,ll'ii, in the area was carried on
between the hours of three o'clock in the
afternoon and seven o'clock in the morn-
ing so that regular traffic through the
Canal was not interrupted. One-way
traffic by that point was maintained until
the material was cleared but at no time
did the slide present any dangerAto
shipping .
Thr -h il. approached the size of the
earth slide which occurred early in July
opposite the Cucaracha Signal Station
north of Pedro Miguel Locks.


Two Pacific side teachers shared honors
last month, although they may have been
unaware of the distinction. Miss Alice
Candee, who teaches United States history
at Balboa High School, and Miss Alvina
Freeman, fifth grade teacher at Balboa El-
ementary School, joined the teaching staff
of the Canal Zone schools October 1, 1924.
They are, consequently, senior in service
of the six Canal employees who completed
30 years of government service in October.
Their Canal service is continuous.
Miss Candee comes front the Nutmeg
State, Connecticut; her travels have taken
her far from her birthplace and enabled her
to combine two hobbies--seeing new places
and .phrnt-riphy. She spoke last month at
the J\\ ; I -1 illustrating her talk with
her own pictures, o0 a recent trip to New
Miss Freeman, WXisconsin-born, has one
of the greenest thumbs her friends have
ever seen. The grounds of her Barnehey
Street apartment are a showplace for the
,. ;i1...1.. l. 1, some of her plants have been
moved to her schoolroom and her students
are picking up her interest in growing things.

The four other employees who observed
their 30th anniversaries in October are:
Mrs. Mabel D. Andrews, a clerk-typist at
Gargas Hospital. Born in Indiana she is a
graduate nurse; her first assignment at Gor-
gas Hospital was nursing. Later she turned
to the clerical end of hospital work.
Gertrude A. Smith, whose birthplace
is Ansonia, Conn., is also a nurse. She
traine:l at Griffi i Hospital in Derby, Conn.,
and: worked in several Veterans Hospitals
before she came to the Isthmus.
George A. Thibodeau is a Bay Stater;
lie was born in Chicopee Falls, Mass. Now
an auditor in the Internal Audits Staff, he
has been in accounting work ever since he
joined the Canal organization.
James M. Thompson, whose home state
is Florida, is well-qualified to head the
Canal's Transportation Unit. When he is
not arranging transportation professionally,
so to speak, he is apt to be exploring old
jungle trails across the Isthmus.

Three of the employees who completed
25 years of service in October have contin-
uous Canal service: C. S. McCormack,
Maurice W Sherry, aid Harold J. Zier-
ten, though most of Mr. McCormack's
service has been with other Government
units. He is a towboat master with the
Navigation Division, stationed in Cristobal.
Mr. Sherry worked as a postal clerk in
Tulsa before he came (See page 14)

-W -'I I 1-i
A GIRL ought to have a chance to be alone when she talks to Santa Claus, but Rebecca Fall's friends
didn't give her a chance. She managed to give the old Saint a pretty good idea of what she wanted,
despite the audience.

CHRISTMAS may be just around the corner,
as anyone can plainly see (above), but
Thanksgiving comes first. Bet you didn't know
that while it dates back to Pilgrim days, it's
been observed regularly only since 1863.
Now that we've shown off, let's go on to some
of the things the Commissaries have this year.
Let's start with food, like turkeys. The
Commissaries will have a good stock of these,
big-breasted ones in large sizes for
Turkey the family of a dozen or so, or small
Talk birds for the young couple having
their first Thanksgiving together.
These turkeys come all ready for the oven,
except for the stuffing, which you have to
provide yourself. Here, little families get a
break this year. The Commissaries have also
ordered Swanson turkeys, already stuffed
and frozen. Nothing to do but roast them.
These come in 5-7 pounds only.
CRANBERRIES may be trite, but they're a
natural to go along with turkey. They come
fresh, so you can make your own variety of
sauce, or in cans. Half slices of the canned
variety, alternated with half slice of fresh
oranges, are an attractive turkey garnish.
And getting back to that turkey stuffing, both
chestnuts and oysters will be available.
This year's Fruit Cake assortment, for
Christmas or Thanksgiving, will represent a
selection from seven suppliers,
Pudding including National Biscuit Com-
and Cake pany, Keebler Weyl, and FFV.
They range in price from about
60 cenls for a one-pound cake to $5.50 for
the fancy five-pound gift-packed cakes. The
Commissary bakeries own Fruit Cake will also
be available as usual. Plum Pudding from
England has also been ordered, but dock
strikes make its delivery uncertain.
EXPERIMENTERS might like to try a peach
pie instead of the usual Thanksgiving desserts.
The Commissary now has a peach-pie mix, of
the Comstock line, which already includes
pumpkin, cherry, and blueberry mixes.
Menu-fillers now on Commissary shelves
include an excellent assortment of Heinz
pickles, several new items for
Menu Fillers canapes-like the new Dan-
ish meat spreads, spiced olives,
olives stuffed with anchovies, and, for a
happy ending, almonds, pecans, brazil nuts,
walnuts, and filberts, all in the shell.
TO DRESS UP the Thanksgiving dinner table,
the Commissaries have a variety of candles in
the shapes of pumpkins, corn, or turkeys. The
first two are 18 cents each; the turkey candles
are 25 cents each. For the younger set,
particularly, are paper cloths, napkins, plates,

favors, and cups which will hold something
hot without getting limp. The table covers,
with a turkey design, are the 54- by 90-inch
size, at 25 cents each. The other items run
from 15 to 25 cents each.
If you're going to dress your table up for
Thanksgiving, you might want to dress up
yourself. The shoe section
"Striking has come through with a num-
Matchsticks" ber called, of all things,
"Striking Matchsficks," on
account of they're trimmed with gold or
ebony tipped matchsticks. Won't i,.' li
though. Made by Delmanette, of calfskin,
they come in white, blue, and black, with a
medium heel, or graphite and red with high
heels, $19.95,
PEOPLE who get invited out to Thanksgiving
dinner might like to take a gift to their
hostesses. Maybe the hosts shouldn't be over-
looked, either. How about some of the new
Coro costume jewelry, or the gift-boxed Coty,
Helena Rubinstein, Mary Dunhill, Faberge,
Lentheric, or Prince Matchabelli toiletries to
make a pretty lady look, and feel, prettier?
For the host: Hickok's gift-boxed jewelry and
billfolds. And for the house, Cannon's
gift-boxed terry towel sets.
The Housewares people always get huffy
if they are left out of this column. We don't
care much-for a Thanksgiving
Horrid Column-for one item they sug-
Thought! gest but here it is: New bathroom
scales, in assorted colors, may be
had at the Balboa, Cristobal, Ancon, and
Margarita stores, at $5.85 each. They weigh
up to 250 pounds which should take care of
anyone's Thanksgiving dinner.
HANDY THINGS to have around the house,
especially for the holidays, are the new Two-
Timers, which got their name because they
keep hot food hot and cold food cold. They
have a capacity of three and a half quarts,
or, easier to understand, four trays of ice
cubes. They are made with thick Fiberglas
insulation between double walls; $3.75.
Where the writer of this column comes
from Ohio-it was traditional after Thanks-
giving dinner to relax and take
After things easy. No one wanted much
Dinner to eat by evening time, but popcorn
was exactly right. Of course, we
did it over the fireplace, but an electric stove
will do, for lack of fireplaces. All of which
is leading up to say that the Commissaries
have corn-poppers, the old-fashioned kind
with a wire basket, a sliding wire mesh top,
and a long handle. They hold two quarts of
fluffy white corn; 89 cents, and at all stores.


November 5, 1954

I'mplolll wInh were lpromioted o r trais-
ltrrwd bet wctn Sceptemilir 15 and O(lobet'r
15 ,r- li-tedl b lowI P .1 ,.. and within-
*rade promotions are not listed.
(;.ormve G. Graffman, fromi File Clerk,
Records ScMtion, to Passenger traffic Clerk.
Transportation Srction.
Mrs. i\rl nliu D. Cunningham, from
File C(lerk, R ecorIds Section, to Clerk-
Stleogiraphcr. Correspindlnce Section.
Mrs. Joyce C. Hudson, from Clerk-
Stc'iographer to Clerical Assistant. Postal,
Customs and I ...... .i; ....i Division.
Mrs. Ruth R. 'lownsend, Mrs. Har-
riet K. SerrLrr. from Substitute Teacher,
Division oi Schools, to Library Assistant,
Ernest B. Wright, from Junior High
School Teacher to Senior High School
Teacher. Division of Schools.
Mrs. Alfhild M. Maedl, from Substit tei
Teacher to Junior High School Teacher,
Division of Schools.
Mrs. Mary S. Hollowell, Clerk-Typist,
from License Section to Police Division.
Mrs. Miriam S. Hirschl, from Elemen-
tary School Teacher to Substitute Teacher,
Division of Schools.
Mrs. Despa C. Ward, from Substitute
Teacher to Elementary School Teacher,
Division of Schools.
Ralph C. Stone, from Guard, Terminals
Division, to Policeman, Police Division.
Auvie H. Byrd, from Administrative
assistantt to Supervisory Administrative
Assistant, Division of Schools.
Mrs. Ruth J. Bain, from Commissary
Assistant, Conmnissary Division, to Clerk-
T.I,;-t General Accounts Branch.
Mr.,. Jean G. Humble, from Clerk-
Typist, Cost Accounts Branch, to Book-
keeping Machine Operator, Machine (Unit
Mrs. Jean de la Pefia, Clerk-Typist,
from Claims Branch, to Cost Accounts
Raoul O. Theriault, from Supervisory
Accountant, Commissary Division, to Ad-
miniistrative Assistant, Office of the Com-
tmunity Services Director.
August I. Bauman, from Refuse Col-
lection and Disposal Superintendent, to
Administrative Assistant, Grounds Main-
tenance Divxision.
Gale A. O'Connell, Architectural Engin-
eer, from Maintenance Division to Engineer-
ing D)ivision.
John A. Snodgrass, from I'lumber to
Quarters Maintenance Foreman, 'Main-
lenance Diviision.
Joan M. Read, from Ticket Seller,
Service Center Division, to Clerk-Typist,
l,,. . ;, ... D ;. -;on .
Mlrt. Ii/abehl I. Brown, from Clerk-
Typist to Clerk (Typist), Engineeriung
Di ision.
Mrs. Dorothy H. Benny, from Clerk
(Typist) to Clerical Assistant, Engineering
Mrs. Mae B. Cross, Clerk, from Main-
tenance Division to Office of Engineering
and Construction Director.
Armando de Sedda, from Cr ,, tI,. ,,il
Survey Aid to Cartographic Compilation
Aid, Sur\veys Branch.
Mrs. Laura J. Nelson, from Clerk to
Clerk-Ty pist, Electrical Division.
William H. Edmondson, from Super-
visory Electronics Engineer to Supervisory
Electronics Engineer (General), Electrical
I)ix vision.
James G. E. lMagIire. from Policeman,
Police I)ivision, to statistical Assistant,
Executive I'1 ......... Staff.
Mrs. (:laj (.. Dorey, from Clerk-
Typist to Clerk (Typist), Internal Security
ffiMrs. Blanche A. M entire, fro
Mrs. Blanche A. Mclntire, from Clerk

(TI pist), to File Clerk (Typist), Internal
Security officee .
Ira N. C. Read, from Supervisory Ac-
cornting Clerk, Cost Accounts Branch, to
Supervisory Accounting Assistant, (Gorgas
I hospital.
Daniel C. Zitzman, from Cash Ac-
.. ;.. Clerk (Teller), Treasury Branch,
to Supervisory Accounting Assistant, Colon
Mrs. Ruthelma T. Zemer, Clerk-
Si .... . i, i. from \\age and Classifica-
tion vision to Gorgas Hospital.
Col. Henry S. Murphey, from Assist-
ant Chief to Chief, Eye, Ear, Nose, and
Throat Service, Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Hazel V. Welby, from Staff Nurse
to Head Nurse, Comtmunicable Disease
Margaret A. Cosgrove, Staff Nurse,
from (Gorgas to Colon Hospital.
Charles J. Palles, from Sheetmetal
Worker Leader, Maintenance Division, to
Sheetmetal Worker, Industrial Division.
John M. Stuart, Christian J. Gunder-
sen, from Probationary Pilot to Qualified
Pilot. N ,--i it{. ., | i- i:i.> .
John I \lcDUrnm..rrt, from Supervisor,
Maintenance Division, to Lock Operator
(Ironworker-Welder), Atlantic Locks.
Robert J. Hansen, from Tractor-
Bulldozer-Operator, Maintenance Iivision,
to Towing Locomotive Operator, Pacific
Mrs. Melba M. Heintz, from Commins-
sary Checker to Commissary Assistant,
Commissary Division.
Howard E. Walling, from Materials
I'. -.... r t.. General Engineer, Division of

Harry A. Dockery, from Storekeeper
I-,'.1....- to Assistant Supply Officer
(Groceries), Commissary Division.
Mrs. Thelma A. Koenig, from Ticket
Seller, Service Center Division, to Com-
nmissary Checker, Commissary Division.
Mrs. Carol E. Wilford, from Cashier,
Service Center Division, to Typist, Term-
inals Division.
Irl R. Sanders, Jr., from Maintenance
Foreman to Dock and Pier Maintenance
Foreman, Terminals Iivision.
Paul P. Desormeau, from Guard,
Atlantic Locks, to Supervisory Storekeeper
(Checker), Terminals Division.
Mrs. Helen E. Chisholm, from Super-
visory ....... i, Clerk to ...ii,,
\ssistaml, ..i. r Iransporlation division.
Frank P. M\ I auahllin. Jr., from Crib-
tender Foreman and Steam Engineer to
Cribtender Foreman, Marine Bunkering
Ralph A. Nelson, from Gautger andt
Cribtender Foreman to C .... i and Crib-
tender Foreman and Steam Engineer,
Marine Bunkering Section.
Mrs. Gloria M. DeRaps, from Ac-
...... ,I;, Clerk to Clerk-Stenographer,



Panam a
.A ncon -

.1 ncon
I'l nallia

From Cristobal
November 6
-..---- November 13
----- November 20
------ November 27
From New York
-..---- November 4
----- *November 12
------ November 18
_----- *November 26

*Leave New York Fr;.1 because of holi-
days (Southbound the Haiti stop is from
7 a. m. to 4 p. m., Monday; northbound,
the ships are also in Port-au-Prince Mon-
day, from about 1 to 6 p. m.)


September 15 Through October 15


Retiremennt certificates were presented
the end of October to the f fll..- ,, i, employ-
ces who are listed alphabetically, together
with their birthplaces, titles, length of serv-
ice, and future addresses:
Beresford Cadolan. r. Lrbados; Chauf-
feur, M otor I i -l. ..r r l i.... Division; 20
years, 6 months, 9 days; Panama.
Capt. Ellis D. Carey, Ohio; Senior Tow-
boat Master, Ferry Service; 34 years, 9
months, 8 days; Patterson, N. J.
Mrs. Ruth T. Getz, Michigan; Clerk-
Typist, Board of Health Laboratory; 12
years, 2 months, 15 days; 'il.1, 1.. III Ga.
Sgt. Sanford D. Mann, I, ', ,,i reanit
Cristobal Police; 26 years, I month, 2 days;
Paducah, Texas.
Fred Muller, New Jersey; Pipefitter, In-
dustrial Division; 15 years and 5 days;
Fred W.O'Rourke, Minnesota; Foreman
Marine S, 1.,.ii'.. Section, Terminals Di-
vision; .il -.. ir- 5 months, 11 days; Los
Angeles, t .Ii
Edward C. Stroop, Pennsylvania; Ad-
ministrative Assistant, Terminals Division;
31 years, 5 months, 3 days; Circleville, Ohio.
Mrs. Katherine M. Swain, Kentucky;
Public Health Nurse; 24 years, 9 months,
3 days; Lexington, Ky.


(Continue from page 13) to the Canal Zone,
where he is also a postal clerk. He is on
duty at the Cristobal post office.
Mr. Zierten, once of St. Cloud, Minn.,
forsook his career as a teacher of mechani-
cal drawing several years ago to become
assistant principal of Balboa High School,
where he is affectionately but "Orwellishly"
known as "Big Brother."
Mrs. Anna M. Jones, another Minneso-
tan--she comes from St. Peter-is the
fourth 25-year employee. She is a postal
clerk, ,..rl.;, ;,. Ihe money order section
at the I-, I i ,T .. rBuilding.

Seven employees, only two of whom work
for the same Bureau, had twentieth anni-
versaries in October. Those with unbroken
Canal service are:
Denton W. Broad, lock operator wire-
man leader at the Pacific Locks; Florence
H. Edbrooke, director of nurses at Colon
Hospital; Michael F. Greene, a customs
inspector at Balboa; Frank D. Naughton,
employee relations officer with the Per-
sonnel Bureau; and Edward B. O'Brien,
Jr., Assistant Superintendent of the Term-
inals Division.
Twenty-year employees whose service is
broken are: Mrs. Barbara K. Hutchings,
clerk-typist in the Steamship Ticket Agency
at Balboa; and Robert Ward, wood and
steel carman for the Railroad Division.

October's 18 employees with 15 years
government service are evenly split; nine
with continuous service and nine whose
service has been broken.
Those with continuous service are:
James F. Ahearn, plumbing inspector
with the Contract and Inspection Division;
Mrs. Carmen Casey, a cash accounting
clerk for the Electrical Division; Louis H.
Charles, a painter foreman with the Main-
tenance Division; J. B. Clemmons, Assist-
ant Chief, Customs and Immigration Divi-
sion; Jessee Crawford, track foreman,
Railroad Division; Emmett O. Kiernan,
control house operator, Pacific Locks;
Elmer J. Nordstrom, rates analyst, Office
of the Comptroller; Howard H. Sprague,
supervisory auditor, Internal Audit Staff;
and Benjamin L. Thomas, Pilot.
Those whose service is broken are:
George J. Booth, lock operator-black-
smith, Pacilic Locks; Jesse Y. Bunker,
policeman, Balboa station; Robert D.
Kelly, retirement clerk, Personnel Bureau;
George E. Love, lock operator machinist,
I' i.. Locks; Robert R. McCoy, electri-
cian operator foreman, Power Branch;
Henry C. Poole, customs inspector, Cris-
tobal; Harold I. Perantie, Chief, Admin-
istrative Branch; Fred L. Ra bourn. .,Iio
repair machinist, Motor Ir i-i....rtUii.iii
Division; and Robert L. Robinson, car-
penter foreman, Maintenance Division.

History Of French Line Antedates

Beginning Of Canal's Construction

The French, who played a vital role
in the construction of the Panama Canal
and who have left an indelible mark on
the culture and history of Panama itself,
have always been well represented by the
shipping which has passed through the
waterway since it was opened in 1914.
Before the Second World War, the
French Line, which handles most vessels
of French registry passing through the
Canal as well as its own, took care of
nearly 30 ships each month. Traffic was
resumed I.i, t1\ .ifter the war and during
the past ti. :,1 ,r a total of 136 French
vessels used the Canal and a number of
others, such as cruise vessels, called at
either Balboa or Cristobal without mak-
;i thb transit. The cruise ships included
th SS Ile deFrance, fifth largest passenger
liner in the world and the SS Flandre,
which was built since the war for the
trans-Atlantic trade.
Like several other rniii,' -hli['[-
companies which were in the Caribbean
and West Coast of South America trade,
before the Canal was built, French Line
ships were frequent visitors at both Colon
and Panama before 1914. In fact, the
Compagnie Generale Transatlantique.
better known all over the world as the
French Line, had agents on the Isthmus
as early as I~*1I when the line opened a
service between Saint Nazaire, Martini-
que, Cartagena, and Panama.
This service was started shortly after
the line, by decree of Emperor Napoleon
III, had changed its name from Com-
pagnie Generale Maritime to Compagnie
General Transatlantique and entered
the trans-Atlantic trade with ships run-
ning to N.-nv York as well as to the French
West Indies and Panama.
Company Centennial
The original Company, which dates
back to 1855 and which will celebrate its
centennial next year, had formerly been
engaged exclusively in the Mediterranean
The first French Line ships, according
to available records, called only at Colon
but by 1 '.I there was an additional serv-
ice between Valparaiso and Panama
which connected, by means of the Panama
Railroad, with French Line ships calling
at Colon.
This was nine years before Count
Ferdinand de Lesseps, builder of the
Suez Canal and promoter of the original
French effort to build the Panama Canal,
paid his first visit to Panama in 1879
to inaugurate the hI ,;iiiin,, of the work
by the French Ciinii i. There is no
record that de Lesseps ever traveled to
Panama on a French Line ship but there
is ample evidence that in later years, ships
of the line brought thousands of French
and British \\ ,--t Indian laborers to work
on the project.
During the time that the French were
making a heroic struggle against odds of
climate, disease, jungle, mountains and
finance, the yellow fever death rate was
high and there are reports of crew mem-
bers as well as passengers d'ri.': aboard
Fr -n,-h Line and other ships anchored in
Colon harbor.
As far back as 1865 the Compagnie
General Transatlantique nearly became
involved in financing one of the early

'THE FRI:IENC LINE ,fftice t. i...... was built in Old ('ristolbal in 191.S. Living quarters for the
generall Agent and his family are located (n the second floor.

attempts of the French to build a canal
through the Isthmus of Panama. They
were discouraged, however by the reports
of a company engineer who surveyed the
proposed route and came to the conclusion
that a canal without locks would be
impossible or if possible at all would cost
at least i. 11,111111, it1) and take 20 years
to build.
Five Ships In 1878
By 1878, the French Line had five
ships, one of them called the Ferdinand
de Lesseps, I illii.ng i. iI. l- at the port
of Colon from European ports with
passengers and cargo.
The first offices of the French Line on
the Atlantic Side were at Battery Beach
near the Hotel Washington. They were
moved to their present location in Old
Cristobal in i918. The land on which
the ottf. was built had been occupied by
a building used as quarters for one of the
\\,hi.l War I censors, employed in the
Cristobal Post Office.
One of the early French Line ships to
visit the Isthmus after the Canal was
opened was the SS Flandre, a I11 ;'l-..


p s

M. V. GRINGOIKRE, who has been General Agent
for the French Line in Cristohal since 1947.

passenger ship which came into Cristobal
in June 1916 for the first time and took
on coal. The Flandre, which was built
in I'1 ; in Saint Nazaire, saw military
service in both World 1\.ii, and has
since been replaced by the trans-Atlantic
luxury liner Flandre which paid several
visits to Cristobal last winter with cruise
passengers from New York.
The I ri.-. hl.iLi office in Cristobal was
agent for the SS Saint Andre of the Com-
pagnie Navale de L'Oceanie, the first
French ship to make use of the Canal.
It entered the Canal on the morning of
March 16, 1915, en route from Tahiti to
Glasgow with a cargo of 6,800 tons of ore.
RECORD account of the transit, "no official
recognition was taken of the passage of
the vessel just as none was taken of first
vessels of other foreign nations making
use of the Canal but at points along the
way individuals gave indications of their
appreciation of the nation which had
performed such important work in
building the Canal."
Service To Tahiti
In 1923 the Compagnie de M. u'-ri.-r
Maritimes, the second largest shipping
line in France, which is still represented
here by the French Line, inaugurated
a direct service from French ports to
Tahiti, New Zealand and New Caledonia.
The first steamer to pass through the
Canal on this run was the SS El Kantara.
\\,,.I ly sailings to the Pacific Coast
from Europe were started in 1934 with the
operation of the Line's ten new steamers
and motorships built especially for the
express trade. There were the Wiscon-
sin, San Jose, San Diego, Oregon, San
Francisco, San Antonio, W --r4.:.....
W:. ..l..;,. and Winnipeg, all well known
,,,in.-n- local -hippin., circles.
A coastal trade between Buenaventura
and Cristobal also was started during the
early 1930's with the two small coastal
ships Nemours and Trois Ilets, both of
which ran regularly tlr.,.lh the Canal
until the beginning of \\ ,.iI1 I \.r II.
By the time that the second \\Wrld

November 5, 1954



Wr oke oit in lIKurope in 1', the
1re 11h \'ii I 1 l;, approximately
-i ) swips each m ith: tinlk oi iI.I it'." of
thise Ips d thruIh the ('anal en rout'
ito South P.a iic, \'est Coast of South
America, and North Pacific ports.
Closed For Duration
1)uring the \\ar, France lost many
,hips in enemy action and the French
Line otlicc in 'Cristobal was closed for
the doratiio.
The .Ill. was not, reopened until I'l II
wXhen 1Max i('ti ... former employee of
the line in Cristobal, arrived to take
1 ,,1.. of the interests of the company in
t'rstobal. Du i.i fiscal year 1'l .. there
were only eight vessels of French nation-
ality passing through the Canal but this
number steadily increased to 60 in 1947
and 99! in I', I until at present the com-
pany handles nearly 200 each year.
This number includes vessels of the
M1 .. i. -.. Maritimes, which resumed
operation between French and West
Indian ports to Tahiti, '. '-. Caledonia
and Australia with two new ships and
one pre-war liner. The new vessels are
the SS Tahitian and the SS Caledonien,
each of which carries approximately 1Ili
'hip- of the French Line have resumed
operations between European ports to
the West Coast of South American and
the North Pacific ports where they pick
up cargoes of fresh fruit and frozen food.
Four new fast fruit express liners, which
carry passengers as well as fr. i.it. now
transit the Canal en route to the West
Coast of the United Il it .- Present
plans call for more to be n'mlt
French Line Staff
General \': iit for the French Line
in Cristobal since Il 17 is M. V. Gringoire.
a veteran employee of the line. He first
came to the Isthmus in I'-1', and spent
several years in Cristobal as a boarding
officer before being transferred to Colom-
bia and El Salvador. He was in Mar-
tinique when the World War II began.
Called into the French Marines as a
first lieutenant, Mr1. G(;ii;.ir' took his
training in Martinique and was sent to
France in the spring of 1'-11i. He landed
in the port of Brest just as the German
Army was breaking through the lowland
countries and the northern part of France.
Hie recalls that it was not necessary for

Thousands Of Files To Be Moved

To New Records Storage Center

The transfer early last month of 1,000
cubic feet of out-of-service personnel
folders from files in the Administration
l.uil'li', basemnllt ili.aitur.iril a new
Canal unit, the K,.,-'ri. St.r.ii Center,
operated by the Administrative Branch.
Housed in a fireproof warehouse-type
building in the Balboa Industrial area,
the new center is prepared, at this time,
to accommodate Ipr\'linit .l] 6,000
cubic feet of noncurrent records or, to
put it in layman's 1 111.'i ,'.-, the contents
of 1,090 standard file cabinets. Its facili-
ties are available to all Company-
Government units.
The need for a permanent records
storage center has long been recognized
by the administration. Sti-..- by the
Administrative Branch have shown that
the Canal has about 56,000 cubic f''t of
records, of which at least 4'--1 ,11 cubic
feet are estimated to be noncurrent.
Saves Space
The greater part of these old files are
kept in field offices, many of them stored
in filing cabinets. This represents a
costly waste of valuable office space and
expensive equipment which can be
avoided by use of records center storage.

him to go to the front because the front
came to him with such speed that he was
made prisoner of war a few days after
:..iiin.' in France.
He was released from prison by General
Patton's Army at the end of the war
in Europe in 1945 and from that time
until 1947 he served as War Shipping
Administrator in the port of Marseilles.
Mr. Gringoire is assisted by a staff of
10 persons, most of whom are young
Frenchmen who have worked in offices of
the French Line in various parts of the
world and all of whom speak English.
There is also one Frenchwoman on the
staff. She is Miss Louise Grimaud,
Secretary to the General Agent. She has
been in the Cristobal ofith i. for the past
four years. Before coming to the Isth-
mus she worked for the French Govern-
mnnt in Washington, D. C., and for the
French Line in New York City.

- .-
MIR. (;GRINl()lR'E with the members of his staff. \[.i ..' ,i in the picture are Lucien Michineau
ail Jaiper loawe of the Traffic DI)partnent; Jean-Pierre "I .p r' Pa.ssenger Agent; llenri Laigle, Chief
\cc'intiit; Allen Kelly, Accountant, and Eduardo Vainqueur, Clerk.

STA(CKS OF cardboard cartons on steel shelving
now hold the Canal's old files, consolidated in the
new .. -..i .... ,.. Center in the Balboa Industrial
area. I I I I.1, on the ladder, shows Mrs. Betty
Thomas and Mrs. I ", 0. Budreau how quickly
the old files can he located.

A check of surplus buildings, made by
the Administrative Branch last spring,
showed that Building 9-A, a structure
erected during World War II, was suit-
able and handy. It is located inside the
Industrial Area fence, behind the Instru-
ment Repair Shlip, and provides about
7,500 feet of usable floor space.
Shelves And Cartons
The building has been equipped with
open metal shelving, especially designed
for use with 'ii, ~ri center cartons."
These cartons provide for efficient storage
of either letter size or legal size papers.
A simple but i.itf ,.tc... system of il.-lin.'
and c it.1.iiLu will assure prompt service.
David F. Mead, whom everyone calls
Freddie, is supervisor of the Center. His
long experience' in the Administrative
Branch is expected to stand him in good
stead in pi.rmitin.', the success of this
new operation.

Panama Line Schedule
Change Now Effective

The winter schedule of the Pana-
ma Line went into effect this week
with the sailing of the SS "Panama"
from New York yesterday.
Henceforth the Panama Line ships
will sail from New York on Thursday
afternoon and arrive in Cristobal the
following Wednesday. On the north-
bound voyages, the ships will sail
from Cristobal at 3 p. m. Saturday,
arriving in New York the following
Friday. The Saturday sailing is
effective with the departure of the
"Panama" on November 13.
The overnight stop in Haiti, which
was planned for the northbound
ships, has been eliminated and the
ships will remain in Haiti for only
five hours.


November 5, 1954

November 5, 1954



For the purpose of comparison between pre-war and post-war traffic through the Panama Canal, statistics for
the fiscal year 1938 are used in this section, as being more nearly normal for peace time than those for 1939.



Althniih 62 more ocean-going com-
mercial vessels transited the Panama
Canal during the first quarter of the
present fiscal year than during the cor-
responding period in the previous fiscal
year, the total number of transits, the
amount of tolls collected and credited
and the amount of cargo handled were all
less than the first quarter of fiscal year
During the months of July, August, and
September, which cJnstitute the first
quarter of fiscal year 1955, a total of
2,435 vessels transited the Panama
Canal; total transits for the first quarter
of fiscal year 1954 were 2,694. Of this
year's transits I,','2 were commercial
craft of 300 tons or over.
Government Vessels Less
The number of U. S. Government ves-
sels during the first quarter this fiscal
year is only about 27 percent of the num-
ber of government shipping which tran-
sited the Canal during the first three
months of fiscal year 1954. Commercial
tolls for the first quarter of the present
fiscal year were approximately $8,154,000,
compared to $,, 1 ,1 1i1 for the first three
months of fiscal year 1954. Cargo
decreased from 9,434,783 long tons dur-
ing the first quarter of the past fiscal
year to 9,308,165 for the first quarter of
the present fiscal year.
Trade Route Changes
Statistics on Canal shipping show a
marked increase this past quarter-
compared with a similar period a year
ago-in the number of ships ewiia,- I1 in
trade between the East Coast of the
United St.t,>s and South America. Dur-
ing the first quarter of fiscal year 1955,
"II' transits were made on this trade
route-an increase of 160 from the cor-
responding period in the past fiscal year.
This increase is attributed in part to the
increased production of South American
ore fields.
Other trade routes showing increased
shipping were: Between the U. S. east
coast and Central America; the U. S.
east coast and Australasia; Europe to the
U. S.-Canadian west coast; Europe to
South America; and Europe to Austral-
U. S. Shipping Leads
The U. S. flag continued to be the most
frequently carried through the Canal with
British shipping in second place, and
Norwegian ships third.
Nationalities showing an increase in
the number of vessels using the Canal
were: Chinese, Colombian, Costa Rican,
Danish, Greek, Honduran, Italian, Japan-
ese, Liberian, Netherlands, Nicaraguan,
Norwegian, Panamanian, Spanish, and
Countries whose ships were less in
number during the first quarter of the
present fiscal year as compared to fiscal
year 1954, were: Great Britain, Chile,
Ecuador, France, Germany, Peru, Philip-
pines, and the United .tat,.-.

Vessels of 300 tons net or over
By fiscal years

M ilith

(In tho-iandl, of dollars-)


1955 1954 1938 1955 1954 1938

640 638 457 S2.646 S2.817 82.030

652 640 505 2.751 2.778 2.195

660 612 444 2.756 2591 1 .936

Sept eimbr







654 461
636 435

690 439

626 444

592 436

693 506

654 487

689 465

660 445

litals Ifor first 3 months
of tiscal year-

ITotal, for tiscal \ear.

1 .952

2.755 1.981

2,668 1,893

2,963 1.845

2,726 1,838

2.491 1.787

2,934 2,016

2,838 1.961

2,923 1.887

2,764 1.801

1,890 1.406 S8.153 8,186 6.161

7,784 5.524

$33,248 S31.918

Canal commercial traffic by Nationality of vessels

First Quarter, Fiscal Years
1955 1954 19

Nat ionalit

Argentine .

Costa Rican
Fiinnish -
Ho nduran
Hunigari in
M oroccall
limited States
Yulgoslav iin

Nu in-
bcr of






N 1110-
T ols Ninilt-
f I] thber of
oI cirgo I transit



10. (15(I



918. 113



n IN unm-
i a 1er of
of cargo transit




1 .650


Il oils
of cargo




11 .176

13 39,9.i33
75 522.490





1 952 9,308,165 1.890 9,434,783 1.4006 7.642.111


Canal Zone Census To Be Taken Soon
( Winl ,I if l 1nk r /1) will 1) distri-
buted bt, the tinmekeepers. (Only one
person in each household is to fill out the
form. Working wives or children living
with their parents who received the
questionnaires will he instructed to return
their questionnaire blanks, with a nota-
tion as to their status.
Each questionnaire occupies two sides
of a sheet of paper. I hi head of the
family will be asked to report: His name,
th;, numb, r of his id .tification-privilege
card, his place of residence, by general
and by specific localities, and the number
of persons, including servants, who live
in his residence.
()n the reverse side of the census form
he will list by name all persons li ing
with him, inIluiin.l servants, and their
status. He .. ill b., -. in the appropriate
blank as to their marital status, sex,
citizenship whether U. S., Panamanian,
West Indian, or other; and the grade in
Ca'ial Zone Government or Canal Zone
private or parochi l schools which his
children attend. The birthdates, by
month and year, of each and the number
of the dependent's identification-privilege
card, if any, will also be included.
'Th information obtained from the
ceaisus questionnaires will be listed on
cards and punched up by IBM machines.
After all of the questionnaires have been
returned and converted to punch-card
form, the information from these will be
compiled in tables for statistical plan-
ning, and budget purposes.
First Census In 1908
For many years the annual census of
the Canal Zone was taken by the police
in March of each year. Later the month
was shifted to June or July. Neither of
these times of year has been satisfactory
as many local-rate employees take leave
in the dry season while the favorite vaca-
tion season for U. S. rate employees is
in the summer months. In future years
the annual census will be taken in
\lth,,ugh a per-head count of the Canal
Zone population was taken during the
earliest construction days, the first com-
prehensive Canal Zone census was that
of March I'sns
In each "Administrative District"
Ancon, Empire, Gorgona, and Cristobal
the district tax collector was the census
taker. These figures were combined with
those of the rural census, taken the previ-
ous July, to derive a total Canal Zone
population of 50,003.

Fish People Meet Monthly For Discussion
(('ont;,il,l ifr,,m p~iy~ .3) arn important.
I'lnt, which go into the tanks have a
good deal to do with the health and wel-
fare of the fish. Scavengers, like snails or
catfish, keep the tanks clean. Any of
these is a study in itself; several of the
society's members are experts on one or
another of these fields, and speak, from
time to time, at the society's meetings.
In addition to its local experts, the So-
ciety goes afield for help. Aquarium Mag-
azinc answers queries from societies all
over the world, and has recently made up
a 700-foot movie film on hatching and
breeding. The Canal Zone Society is ar-
r.,i-iino to have the film sent here for
local showing to its members and other
6 ., people.

Canal Navigation Rules Translated

For Masters Of Foreign Shipping

WILLIAM O'SULLIVAN, the Canal's Official Translator, is fluent in half a dozen languages.
IIe just finished tr n-.iir,ne shipping r.-i',lIt..., into -..ih.h. French, and Italian.

N..i-Ell li-h--.p-.akini.. masters of a
quarter of the ships which ply through
the Panama Canal soon will have no
reason for ]i1i.- umndr--t,iidin._ the rules
and regulations which govern its navi-
Almost half of the Canal transits are
British and United States ships and many
of the masters of Scr:tndi'ima ian vessels-
1,336 during the past fiscal year have
a working knowledge of English, as do
many German and Japanese ship cap-
tains -710 during fiscal year 1954. How-
ever there was a great need for regulations
which Spanish, Italian, French, and
Greek ship masters could read.
A translation of extracts of the naviga-
tion regulations into Greek was made in
Washington, but the translations into the
other three languages were completed
here recently by William Francis O'Sulli-
van, multilinguist who holds the unique
post of Official Translator for the Canal
Precise Job
His translations of the navigation
regulations took him about 10 days and
was one of the most precise jobs he has
ever been called on to do. It involved
technical and nautical t-rms, legal phra-
seology, and other fine points and was,
necessarily, exact so that there could be
no danger of misinterpretation.
His finished work is now in the hands
of the Marine Bureau which will have
the translations printed. They will then
be distributed to ship masters whose
native tongues are Spanish, French,
Italian, or Greek. During fiscal year
1954, they totaled 1,974, or about a
fourth of the Canal transits.
Mr. O'Sullivan's translation of the
navigation regulations was only one of
the many out of the ordinary jobs he has
bhen called on to do since he joined the
Canal force.
Varied Duties
In a single day he may attend a meet-
ing of the Canal Zone Pardon Board to
interpret a prisoner's request for com-

mutation of sentence; translate a medical
document from Portuguese or French;
translate, from English to Spanish,
examination questions given to those
applying for licenses as navigators or
marine .I'.ine--r-.: or sit in on an official
call in the Governor's office when the
visitor does not speak English.
Occasionally he has served as inter-
preter in the District Court in an emer-
gency when a regular translator was not
available, and quite frequently he is
asked to accompany groups of Spanish-
or French-speaking visitors to the locks.
Recently he gave a series of three orienta-
tion talks to a number of Latin American
officers atth.nliri school at Albrook Air
Force Base on a tour of the Canal.
All.lii al .rr..i11 p.nndence from Panama
to the Canal Zone is, of course, in Span-
ish. An important part of his job is to
make meticulous translations of all such
letters. When the Canal's Press Offi,-.
issues a story or official statement in
Spanish to the Panama newspapers, he is
asked to make this translation.
Born In The Philippines
Born in the Philippines, he has lived in
Eni;lan. Spain, and China, and has
attended school in more countries than
most people see. His father was with
Packard International and the family
moved frequently.
Bill O'Sulli.an was working in Cali-
fornia when World War II broke out.
His father had died a few years before
and his mother and two sisters were
interned in a prison camp. It was not
until 1945 that he learned that they had
been found, safe and as well as possible
under the circumstances, in the infamous
Santo Tomas prison camp in Manila.
Mr. O'Sullivan has been the Canal's
Official Translator since March 1950.
His desk is located in the Administra-
tive Branch and although he comes under
that orffi. for payroll and leave purposes,
his job stands by itself. It is unique in
the organization.

November 5, 1954


November 5, 1954


Oil, Coal, Ore, Lumber,

Lead List Of Canal's

Principal Commodities

Mineral oils, coal and coke, ores, and
lumber continued during the first quarter
of fiscal year 1955 as the principal com-
modities shipped through the Panama
Canal. These four commodities have
maintained top position since 1952; the
quantities of all four shipped during the
first three months of fiscal year 1955,
however, were somewhat less than for
the same period in fiscal year 1954.
Several commodities showed a marked
upswing in the amounts shipped through
the Canal in the first quarter this fiscal
year, compared to the corresponding
period a year ago. In the Atlantic to
Pacific trade an increase was apparent in
shipments of wheat, sulphur, and auto-
Wheat shipments during the first
quarter of fiscal year 1954 totaled only
3,488 long tons. During the first quarter
of the present fiscal year 99,000 long tons
of wheat made the Atlantic to Pacific
transit. This increase was attributed to
relief shipments to the Far East and
increased shipments to South America.
Sulphur Shipments Up
Sulphur was another southbound com-
modity whose shipments increased. This
item rose from the seventh position on
the list of the most frequently shipped
commodities a year ago to fifth place this
year, and shipments of automobiles moved
from twelfth to eleventh place.
Several commodities carried in the
Atlantic-Pacific trade dropped in amount
as compared to the similar period a year
ago. Most marked of these were soy-
beans; in the first quarter of fiscal year
1954, 82,204 long tons of soybeans were
reported as southbound cargo while dur-
ing the first quarter of the present fiscal
year there were only 21,076 long tons
carried in the same trade. Other com-
modities showing a decrease in the
amount of tonnage were paper and paper
products and raw cotton.
Oils Increase
In the Pacific to Atlantic trade the
most marked increase was in mineral oils;
oil tonnage for the first quarter of this
fiscal year was 211,324 long tons com-
pared to only 45,781 long tons in the
corresponding period in fiscal year 1954.
Other commodities showing an increase
in the Pacific to Atlantic trade were
nitrates, bananas, metals, and dried fruit.
Nitrate shipments, for instance rose
from 160,457 to 288,459 tons; bananas
from 14,730 to 204,288 tons; metals from
154,824 to 195,312 tons; and dried fruit
from 27,262 to 48,448 tons.
Although wheat took the number four
spot in the list of commodities carried in
the largest quantities, the amount this
past quarter was less than half of that
carried from the Pacific to Atlantic during
the first quarter of the past fiscal year.
Other commodities showing a decline
in the Pacific to Atlantic trade were:
Canned food products, sugar, refriger-
ated food products, fresh fruit other than
bananas, iron and steel manufactures,
coffee, and copra.

Principal commodities shipped through the Canal
(All figures in long tons)
Figures in parenthesis in 1938 and 1949 columns indicate relative positions in thoe years.


Mineral oils
Coal and coke. .
Manufactures of iron and steel
Paper and paper products
Raw cotton .
Ammonia compounds
Fertilizers, unclassified
Soybeans and products-
All others-


First Quarter. Fiscal Years
955 1954 1038

80. 520
71 .491
21 076

93 189
0, 247
1 .021 .652

178,635 (3)
47,077 (14)
646,493 (1)
111,41) (6)
83,729 (7)
3.207 (31)
343 ()
132.018 (5)
50,550 (11)
46,081 (10)
62.o06 (9)
2..877 (13)
53-! (-)
8.041 (41)
1,50 ( )

4,224378 4 3.58.501 2.989,009
First Quarter, Fiscal Years
Conmmnodit -

Ores, various 1.138.763 1,186.261 541.685 (3)
Lumber .. 731.866 771.330 877.574 (2)
Sugar 425,528 438,499 439,129 (4)
Wheat .... 332,709 72.3,665 40.873 (7)
Canned food products ...- 302,252 336.936 306.650 (6)
Nitrate ---- 288.459 160.547 222,756 (5)
Mineral oils --- ----- 211,324 45.781 978.129 (1)
Bananas --...-- ----- ..-..-- 204,288 148,730 8,670 (29)
Metals, various------- 195,312 154,824 17.,726 (8)
Refrigerated food products (except fresh fruit) 112,557 115,142 45,205 (10)
Copra ..-.-.- 61.376 63,435 35,092 (18)
Coffee 50,681 70.009 137,173 (16)
Dried fruit--------- 48,448 27,262 52,039 (12)
Fresh fruit (except bananas) . 27.827 66,805 26.622 (9)
Iron and steel manufactures -. .---- -. 24,273 27,504 5,966(
All others- .--.... .---- -- ... ---- -. 919,124 559,552 861,813
Total ..- .. I 5,083,787 1 4.896.282 i4,653.102
First Quarter, Fiscal Years
1955 1954 1938

Commercial vessels:
Ocean-going .---
*Small - -
Total commercial ---
**I'. S. Government vessels, ocean-
*Small ...

Atlantic Pacific
to to
Pacific .Atlantic

952 1,000
167 152
1,119 1,152

Total I Total
~~~I _





49 39 88
S 31 45 76

Total commercial and U. S. I
Government 1.199 1,236

2.435 2.694

*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.
**Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1. 1951, Government-operated
ships transited free.
The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300
net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
First Quarter. Fiscal Years
1955 1954 i 1938

l united States I ntercoastal -------
East Coast of U. S. and South America_.
East Coast of V. S. and Central America-
East Coast of UI. S. and Far East ---
U. S. Canada East Coast and Australasia
Europe and West Coast of U. S. Canada-
Europe and South America.
Europe and Australasia .
All other routes- .- ..
Total traffic. -------------------.

149 156
502 342
142 115
288 307
288 .11-7

49 41
172 1 156

1 62
i 95




Answers Now Available To Queries Asked

((C',inoi from pagoi I) per year on the
Panama Line at a .', percent reduction of
fare, provided that if he utilizes one-way
home leave transportation Ibnefits as a
member of your family, the student dis-
count rate may be authorized in the same
calendar year for one-way transportation
Q. Are retired employees .li_'il.ll"
A. No. They are, however, eligible
for a 25 percent reduction on the Panama
Q. Must I work two years after I return
from vacation, or does the two-year period
begin when my vacation starts?
A. This is still to be determined, on the
basis of Bureau of the Budget i lin.'-
Q. Will there be flexibility to permit
choice by m nil.. -, concerning ship-
travel versus air-travel?
A. Yes, if both are available.
Q. Must travel be by the Panama
Line? By U. S. flag carrier?
A. Ship travel by Panama Line is not
mandatory; travel will be by U. S. fl;i-
carrier whenever possible.
Q. \\ ill my car be transported free
under P. L. 600, as amended.
A. No however, a reduced rate for
employees ears on Panama Line ships
remains in effect).
Q. If an nip]l .:... should choose to
ship his own car and pick it up at a
coastal city, could he be paid nil, 1.i'. on
the car to his home town?
A. Yes, provided this does not exceed
the cost of transportation by common
carrier by the most usually traveled
route to his actual place of appointment.
Q. My wife is also a Panama Canal
Company employee. Must we travel
A. The answer to this and other similar
questions awaits the Bureau of the Bud-
get directive; in the interim, the answer
is yes.
Q. My home is in California; would a
less expansive travel elsewhere in the
United States be reimbursable?
A. Yes.
Q. Do I have to go to my "pII''. of
actual residence" in order to 1ii,. lit
under P. L. ,'in, .1. a ball player must
at least touch first base?
A. No. You may ,n anywhere in the
United States you wish, as l1nr, as the
cost of transportation does not exceed
that of first class transportation by the
most usually traveled route to your
p1.I .. of actual residence."
Q. Can I get an "equivalent" paid to
a f.r'iLin country?
A. No, this vacation leave transporta-
tion is for travel to the United States
only. However, stopovers are permitted
en route to or from the United .t.r.i; by
many carriers.
M Is -i.l. NEOU.I,
Q. Can I get free travel on a trip of
less than 30 I.I,\ '
A. Yes.
Q. \\ hat happens if I should quit before
the two-year period expires after my
return to work?
A. You Iprl idl1 would be required to
repay transportation costs. This applies
to all voluntary separations, such as
voluntary retirement, but does not apply
to reduction of force terminations or to
those retired for di,.Ib.lit\.


Hazel, On A Rampage, Upsets

Schedule Of Panama Line Ships

o o



"HERE'S WHERE we were," ('apt. F. de'. (Gorman, Master of the Panama Line's Cristobal, shows
B. I. Everson. Transportation and Terminals Dirertor and A E. Beck, when the Cri.tobal reached the
(anal Zone after I-. Hurricane Hazel. As Superintendent of the Terminals Division, Mr. Beck
is (anal Zone agent for the Panama Line ships.

WI II. EiSSIN(:FI, C'hief U ydrographer, followed
lHazel's course on his weather maps.
If the Panama Line and the Terminals
Division never again hear the name Hazel,
it will be quite all right with them.
From October 9, when the SS Ancon
hove to in the Caribbean, until the after-
noon two weeks to a day later when the
SS Panama cleared from Cristobal for
New York, Hazel was making her effect
felt, thli.r.'h in a different way from that
in which she swept across Haiti and up
the United ir ti-- to Canada.
Oldtimers here could recall no other
time when a tropical storm had upset the
schedules of all three of the Panama Line
ships, nor any hurricane of such duration.
The Ancon, which cleared Cristobal
October S, was the first to he ,iff. t,.-i by
Hazel. Radio reports warned the ship
that Haz: l was picking up intensity and
I .hiiiin; to rampage along a line which
would bring the Anron and Hazel much

too close for anyone's comfort. Since
there was no way of stopping Hazel, the
Ancon followed the old principle of a
bicycle confronted by a truck and neatly
put herself out of Hazel's way by heaving
to in the Caribbean for several hours.
When Hazel had passed, the Ancon con-
tinued her voyage to Port-au-Prince,
getting out of the Haitian port only a
few hours before Hazel struck Haiti.
The Cristobal, meanwhile, was in Haiti
when Hazel began her devastating race
across the sea. The Cristobal, too, would
have had a head-on meeting with the
windy lady, but evaded this by heading
down toward the South American Coast
in a wide detour which took her well off
Hazel's course, and brought her into
Cristobal hours late.
That should have been enough for any
shipping line, but the Panama had to get
into the act, too. She was about to sail
from N,>, York when erratic Hazel
threatened the U. S. East Coast. Just
as large Navy ships along the coast put
out from their piers, the Panama left hers,
anchoring in New York harbor until word
came that Hazel had chosen an inland
course and the seaways were safe. This
overnight delay put her several hours
behind schedule.
While Hazel was rampaging on her
way, Panama Line officials were in close
touch with the ships and with Hazel.
While the ships were in the Caribbean,
they kept the Cristobal office informed of
their progress or, in the case of the Ancon
while she hove to, their lack of Ir.igress.
For the leg from Haiti to New York, the
New York office was the contacting
Meantime, W. H. E.--l;ngcr, Chief of
the Panama Canal Metitorology' and
Hydrographic Branch, received regular
weather reports on Hazel's progress and
plotted the hurricane's course.

Qt -S3- 170