Panama Canal review

Material Information

Panama Canal review
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Panama Canal Commission
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

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Panama Canal review en espagñol


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SIA & i Vol. 8, No. 4 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, NOVEMBER 1, 1957 5 cents Gift of the Panama Canal Museum r\


£S^3 All lock wall recesses have been filled with concrete to provide smooth running surface for big tires. Here workmen are engaged in building pyramid back of gate. Steel plating was used foi reinforcing at many places. GATUN GETS READY For new LeTourneau towing devices. Maintenance Division completes extensive alterations needed for locomotives. Gatun Locks have been brushed and combed for a big date. For the past six weeks men from the Maintenance Division have swarmed over the walls and gates of the two lower lock chambers to make them ready for use of the new type towing locomotives manufactured by Et. G. LeTourneau, Inc., of Longview, Tex. According bo a schedule furnished by the manufacturers, the new devices arc to be delivered and ass •mbled ready for testing at Gatun this month. The Maintenance Division work has been chiefly that of filling holes, reinforcing, protective plating, sand blasting, guniting, painting, and Plasciting. The work is scheduled to be completed this week at a total cost of slightly over $70,000. Primarily, the work done at Gatun Locks was required for the operation of tinl>i'_' rubber-tired fenders which will be Used on the new LeTourneau devices for holding ships away from the lock walls as they are under tow. Much of the work was below the normal water level in the two lower chambers and it was r j to take Hie east chamber out of service from September 25 until October 1 1. This phase of the work was rushed •" completion at a record-breaking pace to minimize the time required for single-lane n at (latun. and the men on the job were highly praised for their work by top < 'anal officials. Approximately 16,000 square feel of on the center wall was sand and refinii hed. After being sand blasted to a smooth surface, the area along which the fender tires will operate was covered with gunite and then finished with Plascite, a patented, paint-like substance which provides a highly glossed and slick surface on which the tires can be moved up and down under pressure while the .ship is being raised or lowered in the lock chambers. Other work involved filling-in, with reinforced concrete, various recesses in the kick walls and the installation of sh el plating for protection of the bridge. The ladder and snubbing-hook recesses over which the fenders will operate were all tilled with concrete. The recesses for the big fender chains were [tartly filled and the narrowed openings protected by hinged COVer plates. The openings back of thi' lock gates where mitered ends of the gates lit into the wall recesses were filled by the construction of five-fool triangular sections of reinforced concrete. Precast concrete beams were used to fill the culverl discharge slots and these were grouted into place to provide a smooth operating surface for the fender tires. The reinforcing required has been done principally by the installation of heavy steel plating. This was required along i he vehicular bridge over which the fender tires will pass in towing vessels into the lower chamber. It was also necessary to remove the heavy wooden timber fenders along the top of the approach wall install steel-plated lamps at the junction < f the approach and lower chamber wall.-. Other work of this nature included the installati d "f protective plating over water pipes of (he sprinkler system on the gates. While the locks have now been made ready for the use of the new towing locomotives, it will probably (S r ,„, u) Key to successful operation of rhe LeTourneau devices are giant fenders to hold ships in fow away from walls. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 1, 19 q "'


CONGRESS Members meet here this month for Zone studies. Formal hearings slated. November with its three holidays and pre-Christmas shopping is always a crowded month for Zone residents. This year the month has added significance with the scheduled official visits of two Congressional groups, one of which will hold formal hearings. There are many matters of vital interest to the Canal administration and Government employees in this area which will be under consideration when Congress reconvenes next January which are to be given first-hand study by the two groups. The visits by the members of the two Committees, both from the House of Representatives, will give the individual members valuable information on these varied subjects. In addition, the Congressional groups will have an opportunity of taking a personal look at the sites and facilities where changes are scheduled The two groups are: The Panama Cana! Subcommittee of the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee with Mrs. Leonor K. Sullivan, U. S. Representative of Missouri, as Chairman. A Subcommittee of the House Post Office and Civil Service Committee, of which Representative John Young, of Texas, is Chairman. Among the many matters of special interest to the Canal and its employees, already scheduled or expected to be before Congress next year are: The single wage legislation which was approved by the Senate at the last session of Congress; the replacement of housing and other facilities in the New Cristobal area which will be transferred to Panama; the short range plans for increasing the capacity of the Canal; investigations relating to alternate Canal routes or major alterations of the existing waterway; changes in Canal Zone medical services and facilities based on the Falk report; additional funds for the construction of the high level bridge over the Canal; and salary increases and other prospective legislation affecting Federal Government employees as a whole. In addition to these broad subjects, Congresswoman Leonor K. Sullivan, of Missouri, heads group from Merchant Marine and Fisheries Commitiee. there are numerous other matters of a lesser nature affecting the Canal and its operations which House members are expected to investigate during their visits. Complete details of the visits had not been arranged at the end of last month, and the exact date of arrival of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Subcommittee had not been announced. Formal hearings will be held in the Canal Zone by the Subcommittee on Matters Relating to Personnel Activities in the Panama Canal Zone, headed by Congressman Young. This will be one of the rare occasions when a Congressional group holds hearings here, although two such hearings have been held within the past three years. Congressman Young's group will take testimony on legislation already before the House to implement the agreement of the 1955 Treaty with respect to personnel practices in the Canal Zone. The principal features of this legislation are provisions for the adoption of a single wage scale for all Government agencies in the Canal Zone and the inclusion of non-U. S. citizen Canal employees in the Civil Service retirement plan. Committee members scheduled to attend include Representatives Robert W. Hemphill, of South Carolina; Ralph J. Scott, of North Carolina; Glenn C. Cunningham, of Nebraska; and David Dennison, of Ohio. The Sub-committee will be accompanied by two staff members, a representative of the U. S. Civil Service Commission, a Department of State representative, and at least one representative from the Department of Defense. Some of the group are sailing from New York November 15 and will arrive November 21, while others will arrive by air about November 23. The exact date of the formal hearings has not been set. Novembei 1, 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW The visit of Congresswoman Sullivan and her group holds special interest since her Subcommittee normally handles all legislation directly relating to the Canal enterprise. The Subcommittee is scheduled to arrive during the last week in November and be here for about two weeks. No announcement has been made on any formal hearings. Congressional members expected on this trip include Representatives Alfred E. Santangelo, of New York; John J. Allen, Jr., of California; L. Mendel Rivers, of South Carolina; Timothy P. Sheehan, of Illinois; William S. Mailliard, of California; Vincent J. Dellay, of New York; Robert J. Mcintosh, of Michigan; Edward J. Robeson, Jr., of Virginia; and Frank W. Boykin, of Alabama. All are not members of the Panama Canal Subcommittee but the entire group will be in the Zone on that Subcommittee's business. One of the principal objectives of the visit by this group will be the investigation of a possible solution of the Isthmian Canal problem on a long-range basis. Congressman Herbert C. Bonner, Chairman of the House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, announced during the closing days of Congress this year that his committee would make on-the-site investigations of alternate canal routes. Mrs. Sullivan, Chairwoman of the Subcommittee, has written Governor Potter asking that arrangements be made for the members to visit and make an aerial inspection of some of the routes. Arrangements are being made for an aerial inspection of the proposed San Bias and Atrato River canal routes as well as a visit to Nicaragua and a flight over the canal route there. Also being arranged at Mrs. Sullivan's request are inspection trips to the Canal properties and areas being (See page 4)


SUGGESTIONS MEAN MONEY YOUR SAFETY RECORD FOR SEPTEMBER Twelve ol 14 employees receiving cash awards for suggestions are shown receiving checks from Acting Gov. H. M. Arnold on Administration Building steps. At left, back to camera, is John D. Hollen, Chairman of Incentive Awards Committee. Checks totaling $285 were given out early last month. Cash incentive awards ranging from $15 to $50 were presented last month to 14 employees of the Canal organization. The presentations were made by Acting Governor Hugh M. Arnold in a special ceremony held on the front steps of the Administration Building. The names of the employees and the amount of the checks they received for ideas which were approved and adopted by the Company-Government follow: Mrt. Helen F. Hoverson, food service simplification: $50. Mrs. MaybeUe H. Walker, bench at Los Rios Railroad Station and change in Diablo Commissary hours: $30. Mrs. Anne A. Lawson, procedures for clearing account: $25. Norman C. Anderson, a protective for cable splice: $25. Miss Beatrice II. Simonis, support-bars for patient safety, comfort, and self-help: $20. Mrs. Martha D. Carey, method of ordering supplies: $15. CONGRESS fCnnimwdlmm transferred to the Republic of Panama under terms of the 1955 Treaty. The group will also visit sites for replacement facilities and confer with various Canal officials on plans for such replacements. Many of the Congressmen coming to the Isthmus this month have visited hen' before and already have a valuable knowif general local conditions. Several have \ i m leveral occa Accompanying the Bouse members will be the wives of two of those from the l'n t ( iffice and Civil Service Committee, and six of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee. Wives present! uled to accompany their husbands are mningham, Mrs. Dennison, Mrs. Rivers, Mrs. Sheehan, Mrs. Mailliard, Mrs. Dellay, Mrs. Mcintosh, and Mrs. Bovkin. Mrs. Margaret M. Janssen, purchase of microtype typewriter: $15. Rudolph L. Jemmott, improvement for filing material orders: $15. Mrs. Helen L. Meisinger, method of accounting for cancelled and restated invoices: $15. Mrs. Dorothy II. Neville, return of car by Panama Line: $15. George E. Shoemaker, V-belt length finder: $15. Ralph K. Skinner, additional Yerifax machines: $15. Daniel C. Zitzmann, revision of forms: $15. Ray D. Wilson, ship incident illustrations: $15. HONOR ROLL Bureau Award For BEST RECORD SEPTEMBER SUPPLY AND EMPLOYEE SERVICE BUREAU ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Health 7 Civil Affairs 6 Engineering and Construction 5 Supply and Employee Service 5 Marine 1 Transportation and Terminals 8 Division Award For NO DISABLING INJURIES SEPTEMBER COMMISSARY AND SERVICE CENTER NAVIGATION DIVISION MAINTENANCE DIVISION HOUSING AND GROUNDS DIVISION DREDGING DIVISION ELECTRICAL DIVISION INDUSTRIAL DIVISION MOTOR TRANSPORTATION DIVISION FIRE DIVISION RAILROAD DIVISION POLICE DIVISION STOREHOUSE AIDS TO NAVIGATION SANITATION DIVISION AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Aids to Navigation 9 Electrical 9 Fire 9 Housing and Grounds... 9 Sanitation9 Dredging 8 Maintenance 8 Motor Transportation 8 Storehouse 8 Hospitals and Clinics. 7 Industrial -7 Commissary and Service Center 6 Police 6 Railroad 6 Navigation 3 Locks. 2 Terminals 1 FREQUENCY RATE SEPTEMBER 19S7 BUREAU Supply and Employee Service Bureau Engineering and Construction Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau C. Z. Govt. -Panama Canal Co. (This Month ) Transportation and Terminals Bureau Disabling injuries per 1.1 hours worked. 0,000 employee^ i 5 ip Lj v^ 1 Tn i • 1 ::•;:} v BL ; i "~1 ?:::: i i I Number ot Disabling Injuries LEGEND Man Hours Worked | Frequency Rale this month ::] Accumulative Frequency Rale this Calendar Year Zj 1951 19551956 Calendar Year Average THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 1, 1957


The Event of the Month in October is pictured on this month s cover. It shows some of the guests at the 200,000th transit ceremony leaving the Grace Line s Santa Mercedes" at Miraflores Locks. Without doubt the proudest man in the Panama Canal on that day, October 4, was Capt. Theodore Brennan, master of the Santa freighter which won the numerical honor of making the 200,000th transit by an ocean-going commercial ship. The veteran skipper is shown above with Acting Governor Hugh M. Arnold holding the special certificate. Also participating in the ceremony were Capt. Warner S. Rodimon, the Canal's Marine Director, and F. X. Zeimetz of the Panama Agencies, local agent for the Grace Line. The simple but impressive ceremony was held on the bridge of the "Santa Mercedes" as it was being locked through Miraflores Locks. The master and his crew did not receive news of the distinction until Canal boarding officers came aboard in the Balboa harbor. Between then and the time the vessel entered Miraflores Locks, the entire forward section of the ship had received a new coat of paint. This was the third such ceremony which has been held in the Canal's history. The practice of honoring such ships was instituted just 19 years before when the 100,000th commercial transit was made by the S.S. "Steel Exporter." In April 1951, the S.S. "Nevadan" received a certificate for making the 150,000th trip by an ocean-going commercial liner. Civic Council Election Plans JZurJi. CANAL g Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone YV. E. Potter, Governor-President Hugh M. Arnold, Lieutenant Governor W. G. Arey, Jr., Public Information Officer J. Rufus Hardy, Editor Eleanor McIlhenny, Assistant Editor Eunice Richard, Editorial Assistant On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. VOI I K Beverly Boyett, left, and Marilyn Ward get instructions from Dean R. C. Hackett on holding polls for Pacific side Council. Students will help again this year. Postal money order! made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review. Balboa Heights. C. Z. The annual Civic Council elections in the Canal Zone will be held during the first week in November with more than 150 candidates in the running this year. With two exceptions, Gamboa and Rainbow City, all Council elections are to be held next Tuesday. Because of the large number of Gatun residents who work shifts, elections there are to be held today and tomorrow, November 1 and 2. Residents of Rainbow City will be polled tomorrow, November 2, the elections there being moved up this year because of the celebration of "Colon Day" next Tuesday. All residents have been urged to participate in the Civic Council elections. This is the second year in which generally-uniform voting procedures and election dates have been used. Complete details of election plans of all communities had not been arranged in time for this edition of The Review. The summary below, however, gives the general information as to the number of candidates, vacancies, and the time and place of polls in the individual communities. Polls will be open from 8 o'clock in the morning until 5:30 o'clock in the afternoon unless otherwise stated. GATUN— November 1 and 2. Candidates will be contesting for 10 vacancies. The only polling place will be at the Gatun Service Center. CRISTOBAL-MARGARITA November 5. There are 16 announced candidates for eight Council vacancies. Polling places will be at: Cristobal Commissary, Margarita Commisary; Coco Solo Hospital; New Cristobal High School; and Margarita Service Center. The Margarita Service Center will remain open until 7:00 p. m. GAMBOA— November 5. There are 14 candidates for 12 vacancies. Voting in the Gamboa Commissary. PACIFIC COUNCIL-November 5. November 1 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW There are 36 candidates for 24 vacancies. Pacific side polling places, with the number of candidates from each area in parenthesis: Ancon-Balboa (9) — Gorgas Hospital, Civil Affairs Building, Administration Building, and Payroll Building (old Ancon clubhouse); Balboa (10)— Balboa High School, Balboa Commissary, Post Office, Industrial Division Building; Diablo Heights (9) Commissary and Service Center; Los Rios (8) — No pollingbooths. Special voting booths will also be at Miraflores and Pedro Miguel Locks. LA BOCA November 5. Because of La Boca's evacuation, balloting will be conducted in the La Boca Commissary and in Pedro Miguel at House No. 326. There are 10 vacancies. For the first time, the La Boca Council officers will be elected the same as in other Latin American communities. That is, the Council members themselves will elect their officers by secret ballot instead of the person getting the highest popular vote becoming Council president. PARAISO -November 5. There are 31 candidates for 15 positions. The five voting places in Paraiso, which will remain open until 6:00 p. m., are: the First Baptist Church, the Salvation Army, the elementary school; the Civic Center; and Paraiso High School. SANTA CRUZ— November 5. There are about 25 candidates for 12 vacancies. Voting precincts: Service Center; Commissary; the Dust Bowl area; and at McFarlane Parkway. RAINBOW CITY — November 2. There are 42 announced candidates for 30 councilmen and 12 alternates. The Rainbow City Council will make a personal canvass of each area in its jurisdiction, at times to be announced, rather than set up various voting places. In addition, a special election place may be established in the Rainbow City High School.


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS September 15 through October 75 Employees who were promoted or transferred between September 15 and October 15 are listed below. Within-grade promotions are not reported. ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Elizabeth Mitchell, from Clerk-Typist. Locks Division, to File Clerk. Records Section. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU George L. Cain, from Custom-. Guar 1 to Customs Inspector. Customs Division. Mrs. Mildred R. Beggs, from Substitute Teacher to Elementary School Teacher. Division of Schools. Mrs. Mary E. Evans, from Clerk. Supply Division, to Clerk (Typing). Division of Schools. Peter S. Lang, from Doorman. Diablo Theater, to Substitute Window Clerk. Postal Division. David A. Hone, from Pumping Plant Operator II. Maintenance DiviPoliceman, Police Division. Pet^r Ubrau, from Window Clerk to Distribution Clerk, Postal Division, Benjamin A. Darden, from Distri i Po lice ( nander to C lief, Police 1 >i\ ision. Joseph M. Corso, from Guard, Locks Security Branch, to Policeman, Police Division. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Mrs. Rosemarie J. Kenealy, from General Accounting Clerk to General Claims Examiner, General Audit Division. Mrs. Frances L. Journey, from Supervisory Clerical Assistant to Supervisory Accounting Assistant. Accounting Division. Albert D. Mancinelli, from Systems Account, int. Accounting Policies and Procedures Staff, to Auditor, General Audit Division. Mrs. Clair V. Hughes, from Clerk-Typist to Clerk. Rates and Analysis Branch. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Mortimer J. Brennan, from Wireman to Powsr Plant Electrician Electrical Division Mrs. Winnie M. Compston, from Typist, Engineering Division, to Clerk-Typist, Electrical Division. Robert E. Seavey, Jr., from Substitute Window Clerk. Postal Division, to Engineering Ud, Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch. John H. Poole, from Telephone [nstallerMaintainer to Automatic Telephone Communication Equipment Maintainer I. Electrical Division. Allen K. Miller, from Electrical Engineer I Distribution Systems) to Supervisors Electrical Engineer (Generation and Transmissions), Engineering Division. Mrs. Carol B. Cantrell, from Secertary. i Mil. iof Health Director, to Clerk-Typist, Power Conversion Project. James A. Wood, from Sheetmetal Worker to Foreman Sheetmetal Worker, Maintenance Division. Frank L. Cunningham, from Field Supervisor to Supervisor. Southern District, Electrical Work Branch. Electrical Division. Charles A. Behringer, from Supervisor} Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division, to General Engineer, Fmgineering Division. Walter A. Colclasure, Contract Spei i il ist, from Contract and inspection Division to Engineering Division. HEALTH BUREAU Mrs. Eva M. Harte, from Storekeeping Clerk to General Supply Clerk. Gorgas I lospital. MARINE BUREAU Richard K. Jenks, from Industrial Plant Electrician III to Industrial Plant Electrical Systems Inspector, Industrial Division. William J. Nickisher, from Electric Welder to Combination Welder, Industrial Division. J. D. Barnes, from Distribution and Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Locks Security Patrolman. Locks Division. John W. Urey, from Pipefitter to Lead Foreman, Pipefitter and Sheetmetal Worker, Industrial Division. Ralph J. Dugas, from Lead Foreman. Pipefitter and Sheetmetal Worker to Lead Foreman II, Pipelining and Sheetmetal Shop, Industrial Division. SUPPLY AND EMPLOYEE SERVICE BUREAU Henry J. Chase, from Manager. Tivoli Guest House, to Supply Officer I Drugs and Sundries), Supply Division. Stanley M. Hamilton, from Manager, Hotel Washington, to Manager, Tivoli Guest House. Vernon F. Kepford, Jr., from Commissary Supervisor to General Supply Clerk. Supply Division. Mrs. Juanita F. Day, from Acounting Clerk to Accounting Assistant, Supply Division. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Norbert W. Hammond, from Guard to Supervisory Cargo Assistant. Terminals Division. Richard C. Condon, from Firefighter, Fire Division, to Train Dispatcher, Railroad Division. Quincy Limber, from Agent-Operator to Train Dispatcher. Railroad Division. Irwin K. Meier, from Train and AgentOperator to Train Dispatcher, Railroad I >iv ision. OTHER PROMOTIONS Promotion^ hich did not involve changes in title follow : Fred A. Dube, Orthopedic Technii ian, Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Doris L. Barfield, Cargo Clerk, TerminalPiv ision. Richard R. Potter, Electrical Engineer, Electrical Division. Howard S. Engelke, Chief, Communications Branch, Electrical Division, Donald M. Boland, Accountant, Internal Audit Branch. RETIREMENTS Claud M. Kreger, New York; Rotary Drill Foreman, Dredging Division; IS years and S months; Canal Zone for the present. Martin Nickel, Maryland; 1 ..hi:.:: Pipe litter and Sheetmetal Worker, Industrial Division; 38 years, 6 months, 6 days; St. Petersburg, F'la. NOVEMBER SAILINGS FROM CRISTOBAL Cristobal November 6 .1 neon Noveml er 13 ( 'ristobal Noveml per 23 .1 neon Nov ember 30 FROM NEW YORK Anton Novembei 5 Cristobal. .____.......... November 15 .1 neon Nov ember 22 Southbound ships which leave New York Friday are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which s.iillr.nii New York Tuesday spend Satunl.iv in Haiti. Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days aftei Clearing Cristobal: Monday for those which sail from Cristobal Saturday, and Friday for those which clear Cristobal Wednesday. ANNIVERSARIES Although Carl Graff Breitenbach is a comparative newcomer to the Panama Canal organization his service with the i mal d ites back only to 1947 -he is no Stranger to the government service. Last month he completed 40 years service, 30 of w hich were with the United States Nav ) Born in I til a, V \ '., he enlisted in Sep tember 1917 and served with the Navv through two great wars. For over 14 years ( hid Pellv I Ifl'n it, holding the posis of Chief Gunner's Mate and Chiel Ma in al \rius. Part of hi N i was aboard the USS Massachusetts, on which he saw action i| .,,. i and in the Pai ifii His i om manding offii ei was < lapt H. 11. Mi Lean, latei Marine Superintendent ol I he Mr. Breitenbai h i ame to the < anal Zone in February 1947 as an Enginee with the Marine Division. The following year he was promoted to the post ol I >. k ... holds the position ol Lead Dock Foreman. All ol his service has been on the Atlantii side ol the Isthmu .15 YEARS Thirty-fifth anniversaries in government service were celebrated lasl month bj two Ca I emplo; ees, Max C. Conover, I ead liter in the e I )i ion, and George M. Pervin, Clerk in the ii of the Civil Affairs Bureau. .mover was born in Buda, III but the < anal Zi mngster. His 1. 1 1 her, H. II. Conover. .i..i shipwright The younger Conover worked in various jobs during his summer vacations from school and in 1920 started an apprenticeship .is a shipjoiner. A short time alter he had become a craftsman, he was caught in the force reductions of the mid-20's and left the Canal service for several years When he returned in 1929 he worked with the Municipal Engineering Division and i he Constructing Quartermaster Division. For the past several years he has been in carpentry for what is now the Maintenance I )iv ision. Mr. Pervin. a native Bostonian, came to the Canal Zone as a Stall Sergeant in the Army. He was stationed at Quarry Heights when he left the military service in 1940 to be le a clerk in the old Suppl) Department. In 1942 he was transferred to the Polii e .ind 1ire I >iv ision but was in I hat post only a brief time when he was recalle I to act iv e dm v with i he Ai mj fot se\ eral .ii I le has been employed in t lie License S lion since his return to I he Canal organization. .10 YEARS 1 1. tuber's quartet ol 10-yeai employees are s.|>lit evenly between those with unbroken and broken Canal service and between i nit la in lets and native born Isthmians, The pair with unbroken Panama I anal service are Julia Guenzi, who teacl grade at Balboa elementary school, and William E. Hughes, a sergeant in the < ma Zone l' e force. Miss Guenzi was bom in Silver Plume, • olo and i ame here in 1927 bom Clarkdale, Ariz, She taught al I 'ei II M iguel -. I I foi 10 v eat befi ire hi moved to I he Balboa a hool s, -i e int I [ughes, w ho nines Iroin Dalla I ount Tex came to the Canal Zone with the Navv. He began his Canal service as a signalman in the Navigation Division but has been with the police force since l".i(>. The other two 30-year anniversary employees both work at Gorgas Hospital, 'to^ both are second generation Canal emploj ees. Mrs. Stella N. Frampton is the daugh ter of the late W. R. Newbold. Jr., foi man) years with the old Fortifications Division lln first Canal job was with the former Mechanical Division, and I. net she worked for the Office Engineer. She is now Personnel Clerk ai Gorgas. Mrs. Edith T. McAllister is .1 clerk in the Medi. a] ( elllel al t iorgas I lospital, she is the daughter ol i In late 1 G I i.'w bridge, n ho woi ke.l foi the I lodging Division. All ol her service has been in i he I lealth Bureau. 25 YEARS Both ol the i iien w ho completed a quarter ni ,i centurj ol government service in CX tober have continuous Canal service, al though eight years ol Leonard B. Wilson's 25 w .is with i he ai med sei \ ii es Mi \\ ilson, a tow ing loi omotive operatoi .it the Pacini Locks, comes from Old Trap, \ ( lie joined I he I lanal organizal ion in 1940 as a hauffeui with the Motor Transportation Division He has also wmked with the Maintenance and Fire Divisions here Howard S. Engelke's 25 years ol ervii e, howevei hive all been with the Panama ( '.mal organ izal ion, I le is now ( Imi ol I he Communications Branch ol the Electrical Division Born in Anion and a member "I a well known /.me family, be began his ( anal i areei as an apprentii e \\ ith the excepti t two months in 1937 when he worked ai the I oi ks, all of his quarter cenTHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 1, 1957


CIVIL DEFENSE NEWS The second revision of the Canal tone Civil Defense anil Disaster Relief Plan has been submitted to the Governor's Office for final approval. Mainsections of the plan have been revised, mos1 important being the plan for rescue service, and the reorganization of the rescue and operation forces for disaster relief. Further details will be submitted when final action has been taken by the Governor. All local-rate communities will have annual election of officers in November among the members of the Civil Defense Volunteer Corps groups with installation of officers planned for December. Mrs. Charlotte Kennedy will conduct specialized training classes in the United States local towns during November. NOVEMBER VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS Date Town Place Hour 6 Margarita and Service Center 9 a.m. New Cristobal Margarita 13 Rainbow City School 6:30 p. m. 14 Santa Cruz Service Center 8 p.m. iS Paraiso School 7:30 p. m. 19 Gatun Service Center 9 a. m. 20 Diablo Service Center 9:30 a. m. turv has been spent with the Electrical Division and in communications. 20 YEARS Five of the nine Company-Government employees who rounded out 20 years of service in October have not only unbroken service with the Panama Canal but with their employing divisions, as well. They are: Martha W. Goodwin, who comes from Bald Eagle. Pa., Head Nurse, Gorgas Hospital; Hector M. Grant, whose birthplace was Jersey City, N. J., Pilot with the Navigation Division; Rita G. Gribbons, a native of New Brunswick, Canada, like Miss Goodwin, a Head Nurse at Gorgas Hospital: Adolph Kapinos, formerly of Goodyear, Conn., a Police Sergeant with the Police Division; and Robert C. Sievers, Jr., who came from St. Louis, Mo., and is now Supervisory Baker Specialist in the Supply Division. Other 20-year employees with continuous Panama Canal service are Eugene S. Shipley, who comes from Kingston, Tenn., and now, as a Police Captain, heads the Cristobal Police District; and Leon M. Warren, Inspection and Estimates Engineer in the Engineering Division. He was born in Oroville, Wash. The remaining pair, whose Canal service is broken, are: Eiden W. Coffey, once of Monroe, Oreg., Wireman Foreman I at the Pacific Locks; and Charles A. Mockus, whose birthplace was Hilldale, Pa., WindowClerk with the Postal Division. Although Mr. Mockus' service is not continuous it has all been with the Postal Division. 15 YEARS Seven of October's 15-year employees have unbroken Panama Canal service. They are: Fred J. Blohm, Lead Foreman Painter, Maintenance Division; Dr. Louis Fink, Veterinarian with the Division of Veterinary Medicine; Robert H. Fisher, Auto Repair Machinist, Motor Transportation Division; Charles J. Hurley, Senior Towboat Master, Navigation Division; Dr. Leon J. Malock, Psychiatrist, Corozal Hospital; Mrs. Nye C. Norris, Personnel Clerk, Personnel Bureau; and James W. Watson, Towboat Master, Navigation Division. Those with broken Canal service are: Hubert Hart, Towing Locomotive Operator, Atlantic Locks; Raymond F. Hesch, Machinist and Diver, Pacific Locks; James A. Marchuck, Policeman, Police Division; Mrs. Faye C. Minton, Administrative Officer, Office of the Engineering and Construction Director; Louis L. Seldon, Hospital Electrician I, Maintenance Division; Albert L. Taylor, Chief Towboat Engineer, Ferry Sen-ice; and C. V. Torstenson, Pilot, Navigation Division. Mary Hebert presides at Balboa senior class. Cheering her are Eileen Damerau, class secretary, Raul Barbara, vice president, and Allen Ward, class-sponor. Miss Mary Hebert broke all precedents at Balboa High School this year when she was elected President of the Senior Class. She is the first girl to win this honor in the more than 30 years in which such records are available, and perhaps the first in the school's history. Mary is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Hebert, of Diablo Heights, her father being Chief Admeasurer in Balboa. The new class president was recently elected to the National Honor Society and will be one of the initiates at ceremonies on November 13 in the Balboa Theater. She has been active in student affairs since entering Balboa High having served as Secretary of the Freshman Class. She is a member of the Drama Club, Pep Club, and Future Teachers of America. In winning her race for Senior President, Miss Hebert faced three male candidates, Raul Barbara, of Curundu, who came in second and was elected as Vice President; Don Ryter, and Paul Bennett. Lake -O T O 17 Levels rVlk5H/ The rains finally came— to the Gatun drainage basin. After lagging far behind any year on record, the inflow into Madden and Gatun Lakes took a sudden jump last month with the result that uneasiness about filling the two lakes began to be allayed. Madden Lake rose 13 feet from October 1 to October 23, and Gatun Lake rose 1.9 feet during the same period and exceeded the 85-foot elevation for the first time this year on October 25. The level of Madden Lake on October 22 was 229 feet, about ten feet under the mark needed to begin hydroelectric generation. An indication of the changed picture in the water supply was the comparative figures on net yield of the Gatun watershed. At the end of September the net yield for the year was only 1,662 cubic feet per second. At the end of October this figure had risen to 2,864 cubic feet per second, which is still less than half for a normal calendar year. Diesel power generation this year has been at the highest rate ever. Over 45 million kilowatt-hours had been generated up to the middle of last month by the Diesel plants. Rainfall over the Isthmus was reported at about average or above for the month of October, except along the Atlantic coast, according to W. H. Esslinger, Chief Hydrographer. Up until the beginning of last month precipitation had been very light over the Gatun watershed. November 1,1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Dates For Closing La Boca Commissary, Service Center The remaining sections of La Boca were largely depopulated last month as the families assigned quarters at Pedro Miguel moved out. The last of these were moved during the present week. It has been announced at the Supply and Employee Service Bureau that both Commissary and Service Center in La Boca will close their doors on December 31. The closing of the Commissary and Service Center will result in a force reduction of 13 full-time and two WAE employees in the La Boca Commissary, and four full-time and 30 part-time employees at the Service Center. Force reduction notices were being delivered this week to the employees affected, giving them 60 day's notice. The same force reduction procedures will be used for these employees as those at the first of the year when several commissaries and service centers were closed. The Schools Division has announced that the La Boca School will continue in operation until the close of the schoolyear which will be the first week in February. Arrangements have already been made to provide free bus transportation for those children who have moved to Pedro Miguel. It has been announced that cash payments will be made in lieu of conversion of frequency-sensitive electrical equipment owned by employees residing in La Boca who will be required to move out of the Zone by the end of the year. Such cash payments will be based on inventories of this equipment as of October 15.


Zone Hospitals Plan Celebration Of 75th Anniversary, Nov. 17 Sunday, November 17, will be celebrated in the Canal Zone this year as Hospital Day during which the general public will be invited to visit the various medical facilities which provide the community with service the year round. The designation of a special date as Hospital Day is in keeping with similar celebrations annually throughout the United States in which communities give special recognition to the highly-trained corps of men and women who provide their medical care. The celebration in the Canal Zone has a special significance in that it marks the 75th anniversary of the founding of Gorgas Hospital and the establishment of hospital and medical facilities in the Panama Canal organization. The entrancing story of this record of service since Gorgas Hospital was built by the French is told in a special Diamond Jubilee Supplement of The Panama Canal Review. The Diamond Jubilee is also being marked by the issuance of a three-cent commemorative stamp by the Canal Zone Postal Service. The stamp has for its central design a picture of the Gorgas Hospital Administration Building. The stamp is to be issued Sunday, November 17, and orders for first-day covers are now being received. Orders may be placed with the Postmaster at Balboa. Col. Charles 0. Bruce, Health Director, has announced that Gorgas, Coco Solo, and Palo Seco Hospitals will all hold open house to the general public on Hospital Day. Details of the arrangements for the individual hospitals will be announced later during the month as plans are formulated. A brief ceremony and open house is being planned at Gorgas from 9 until 1 1 o'clock in the morning. Col. Norman H. Wiley, Gorgas Hospital Director, has announced that various Panama Canal officials will participate in the ceremony at which time the introduction of the commemorative stamp will be made. Maj. Bruno Eisen, Coco Solo Hospital Superintendent, has also made plans for residents of the Atlantic side to visit the various operating departments of that hospital of public interest. A tour of the hospital departments will he held between 9 and 1 1 o'clock in the morning. Hospital personnel will he in attendance to give visitors an explanation of the various services. The general public will he invited to i m Palo Seco Hospital at any tune between 9 o'clock in the morning and "i o'clock in the afternoon on Hospital Day. Dr. Ezra Hurwitz, Superintendent, has all o announced thai a party is being planned for the hospital patients that day al which time the patieni I will give an exhibition of native dances. This will be the tir I time in tie l !anal Zoic that a general observance of Hospital Day has been held. i loloni I Bi uce and other health official are I an in\ it al Zone resident to making the observance a memone. Credit Unions Celebrate International Credit Union Day was justifiably celebrated with great fanfare October 20 by over 3,000 members of Zone's Federal Credit Unions. Above, part of big parade at Santa Cruz, followed by dedication services and field day. Canal officials and other organizations helped to make the day a big success PAGES FROM THE u h'V? / t''\" ~^. THIS XAflMTH Ri^l >/ 12^3 THIS MONTH 50 Years Ago Ten Congressmen, nine of whom were members of the House Committee on Appropriations, visited the Canal Zone in November 1907. They rode through the Cut, inspected sites for Gatun Locks and Dam, visited hospitals, saw warehousing at Mount Hope, and, finally, held hearings here on appropriations to finance the Canal work for the coming year. The first accidental explosion involving loss of life in five months in the Cnlcbra Division killed two laborers and showered fragments of rocks on the Culebra Admininstration Building, the ICC Clubhouse, the Culebra Hotel, and various family and bachelor quarters. An entire village built by the French and completely buried by dense jungle growth was discovered at Caimito Mulato by engineers who were locating the center line of the Canal in the Chagres Division. The village contained -2 liarracks and mess halls, nine sets of family quarters, and a small machine shop. Most of the buildings were in good enough condition to be repaired. 25 Years Ago Canal traffic, which had been at a low level for most of the year, was beginning to revive somewhat. Although November transits were six less than those for October, the daily average was the highest for any month since September 1931. \\ heat ihipments for the month totaled 253,246 long tons, the largest month's shipment of thai commodity for almost four y /,!//c in \ obi mil i 198& a "threi eri 1 1 type of flood" mi the < 'hag • Canal traffic for Over !', hours. Al its nua imum, tfu river reached an elevation of 1 16.80 feet at the Alhajuela gauging station 25.8 feet above low water level. The rise of the Chagres flooded the pit excavated within the cofferdam for laying concrete at Madden Dam, laying down a foot-thick layer of silt, and delaying the work on the dam for several weeks. 10 Years Ago The most comprehensive study of the Isthmian Canal problem ever made was completed 10 years ago this month. On November 22, 1047, copies of the official report on the Isthmian Canal Studies and Gov. J. C. Mehaffey's recommendation for converting the Panama Canal to a sea-level waterway were mailed to the Secretary of the Army. There was no announcement at that time as to the contents of the report. Panama and the United States still had reached no agreement, in November 1947, on the question of defense sites in Panama. The United States rejected I'unania's proposal that any renewal of the ID-year lease on Rio llato Air Base be subject to joint approval of both countries, anil Panama's ambassador, Dr. ./. ./. VoMarino, was ordered back to Washington to stand by for further negotiations. William A. Van Siclen, Jr., a secondgeneral ion emplo] l e, was appointed Superintendent of the Atlantic Locks. He succeeded Hugh A. Thomas. One Year Ago Good neighbors from both sides of the border got together on November 15 last year to celebrate the Tivoli's fiftieth birthday. Maurice II. Thatcher, onlj surviving member of the Isthmian Canal Commission, made a special trip here for the occasion. 3 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 1, 1957


SHIPPING CANAL TRAFFIC CONTINUES TO TOP FORMER RECORDS Featured by the transit of the 200000th ocean-going commercial ship, Panama Canal traffic for the first quarter of this fiscal year surprassed that of any preceding quarter in the waterway's history in the number of ocean-going vessels. The first three-month period of this fiscal year also included a new monthly record of 812 commercial transits, surpassing by four the record set last March. The new record was set in August, normally a light month in Canal traffic. Ocean-going traffic during the period totaled 2,453 transits, of which 82 were made by U. S. Government vessels. This total established an average of 818 ships a month, about 80 above the monthly average for the fiscal year 1957 when the latest annual traffic record was established. Although the number of large Government ships using the Canal during the first quarter of this year was higher than in the comparative figure of the past fiscal year, the big increase in traffic was in ships of the commercial category. One of the most significant features of commercial traffic for the past quarter was an abnormal rise in the number of vess?ls going through the Canal in ballast. Statistics for the period showed an increase in the number of tankers, cargo vessels, and ore carriers transiting without cargo. Ship tonnage figures for the first quarters of 1957 and 1958 below indicate the increase of ships with empty holds: 1957 1958 Laden 8,834,000 10,186,000 Ballast 1,178,000 2,210,000 These figures show the relationship of laden ships to those in ballast dropped from a ratio of eight to one in the first quarter of the past fiscal year to five to one in the comparative period this year. The tonnage of ships in ballast for the month of September was reported at 776,500 tons, far in excess of any month in the postwar period. Prior to the beginning of this fiscal year, the tonnage of ships in ballast was averaging about .300,000 tons monthly, less than half of September's total. The increase in ballast tonnage for tankers is due principally to the heavy movement of Venezuelan oil through the Canal to the Pacific, with tankers returning empty. Partly accounting for the increase of ore carriers in ballast is the continued use of this type of ship during the summer months. In previous years, many ore carriers were taken off of routes through the Canal for service in the north Atlantic while favorable weather conditions prevailed. Ore shipments have continued heavier through the Canal this summer with the entry of many carriers specially built for this trade. Consequently, ballast figures for this class of vessel have also risen as they normally return empty to the ore centers in South America. While these factors are normal for tankers and ore carriers, an indication of some slackening in world trade is indicated by the increase in ballast tonnage for dry-cargo vessels. Normally, the ballast tonnage of freighters in transit through the Canal is made up principally by fruit ships returning empty to the banana plantations of Central and South America. This tonnage has been boosted considerably, however, during the first three months of this year by an increasing number of other types of dry-cargo vessels going through the Canal with empty holds. MONTHLY COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC AND TOLLS Vessels of 300 tons net or over (Fiscal years) Month July August September. October November December.. January February _ March April May June Totals for first 3 months of fiscal year Total for fiscal year Transits 788 812 771 669 653 646 699 654 751 701 673 808 767 783 775 457 505 444 461 435 439 444 436 506 487 465 445 Tolls (In thousands of dollars) $3,668 3,599 3,504 $10,771 1957 1938 $3,054 2,888 2,861 3,083 2,876 .3,420 3,161 3,033 3,603 3,430 3,551 3,484 S8.803 $38,444 $2,030 2,195 1,936 1,981 1,893 1,845 1,838 1,787 2,016 1,961 1,887 1,801 $6,161 $23,170 November 1. 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW TRANSITS BY OCRAN-GOING VESSELS IN SEPTEMBER 1956 1957 Commercial 646 771 Government 18 18 Totals 664 ~789 TOLLS* 1956 1957 Commercial $2,865,538 $3,508,949 Government 99,122 69,019 Total.... $2,964,660 $3,577,968 'Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small. TOTAL CARGO (Lone Inns) 1956 1957 Commercial 3,560,245 3,936,498 Government 113,984 36,360 Total 3,674,229 3,972,858 South American Trade Routes Show Increase The continued increase in business in South American countries on the Pacific coast was indicated in traffic figures of the Panama Canal during the first quarter of this fiscal year. There were over 100 more ships in transit through the Canal during the first three months of this fiscal year on routes to South America than in the comparative period of a year ago. The heaviest increase was shown on the route between the east coast of the United States and South America. On this route there were 558 transits during the past quarter, a gain of 84 ships of the ocean-going commercial category on the route in the first quarter of fiscal 1957. A substantial gain was also shown on the route between Europe and South America. In the first quarter of the past fiscal year there were 174 transits by ocean-going vessels. This year the number was 210 for a gain of 36. Other trade routes through the Canal showing gains this year over last were the United States Intercoastal, the East Coast U. S. and Central America route; the East Coast U. S. and the Far East; and the route between Europe and the West Coast of the U. S. and Canada. The shipment of petroleum through the Canal from the Atlantic to the Pacific and the movement of ores in the opposite direction were leading features in the commodity movements for the first three months of this fiscal year. The amount of oil shipped from the Atlantic to the Pacific during the past quarter totaled 1,797,000 tons, an increase of almost 400,000 tons over shipments in the first quarter of the past fiscal year. Ore shipments this year from the Pacific to Atlantic destinations aggregated 1,982,000 in the past quarter, an increase of nearly 650,000 over the comparable period last year. Substantial increases were shown in the tonnage of other commodities. From the Atlantic to the Pacific these included coal and coke, iron and steel manufactures, soybeans, ammonium compounds, ores, and chemicals. Cargo shipments from the Pacific to Atlantic showed increases in lumber, wheat, nitrate of soda, bananas, coffee, iron and steel manufactures, and barley.


^ SHIPS ,nd S HIPPING ^l 200,000th Celebration A gala celebration in honor of the 200,000th transit of the Panama Canal early last month by the Grace Liner Santa Mercedes, was held October 24 at the Union Club in Panama by Frank X. Zeimetz, local Manager of the Grace Line, and Mrs. Zeimetz. Acting Governor and Mrs. Hugh M. Arnold, members of the Governor's staff, members of the Cabinet, and other high Panama Government officials were included among the 800 or more guests. Also invited were Panama Canal personnel connected with the actual handling of ships in the Canal; Canal Zone and Panama shipping and oil company agents; businessmen connected with exporting and importing business in Panama; and members "f the press. The "New Look" A "new look" at the Panama Canal was given this week by a passenger aboard the SSGaUic, a Shawl Savfll & Albion Co. Ltd., vessel en route to New Zealand. The passenger able to get a different view of the waterway was a big giraffe being shipped from the London Zoo to the New Zealand Government. If he didn't understand what he saw, he had the benefit of chatter from four chimpanzees accompanying him to his new home. New Service A new service between U. S. Gulf ports and the Far East has been started by the Fernville Far East Lines, whose ships are regular customers of the Canal. The line is now offering sailings on the 14th and 28th of each month from Gulf ports through the Panama Canal to Manila and Hong Kong. One sailing a month has been scheduled for the ports of Djakarta, Singapore, Yokohoma, and Kobe, all via Hong Kong. The Fernville vessels carry general cargo and are also on a regular sailing schedule between New York and Far Eastern ports. Big Ore Ship Another new giant ore ship arrived at the ('anal during the latter part of < ((tuber. It was th" SS Rio San Juan, an addition to the Trans-World Carriers fleet, on its maiden voyage from Germany to Sin Juan, Peru. The ship is 657 feet long and has an NT-foot beam. Its displacement tonnage is 45,000 tons and gross tonnage is 12,858 tons. The big ore carrier was built in Germany and will he on a regular run from Peru through the Panama ('anal to East Coast United Stal i p irl New Customer Coming The Royal Mail Lines, Ltd., have announced the addition of the M. S. I.m-li Loyal to their United Kingdom, West Indies, Central America, and Pacific Northwesl service. The ship, which will soon become another customer of the Panama Canal, was launched recently al the Belfast shipyard of Harland & Wolf, and was scheduled for delivery in October. It has 575,750 cubic feet of space for genera] cargo, including 151,000 cubic feet for refrigerated cargo. There are Lit ion I for 12 passengers and a permanent open-air tiled swimming pool. The new .-hip is due to arrive at the < Janal on her maiden \ oj age late in November according to the Pacific Steam Navigation Company, her agents in Cristobal. New Look At Corozal Dresses for the women patients are now gaily coloied prints. Clothes do make a difference, as a number of both men and women patients at Corozal Hospital can testify. A few months ago, som:> of them were outfitted with bright new clothes, as an experiment, to replace the shapeless, faded blue denims which had been the trademark of the hospital for many years. The result is such an amazing boost of morale that all of th? old denims will b? replaced by the gay new wearing app irel as soon as funds are available. The men's suits are made of gray cotton twills, based on a sport-shirt ides, and the women are sporting colorful cotton-print dresses. According to h-alth authorities, the hospital is trying to get away from the obsolete idea of the institutional type of clothing. In addition to the matter of funds, another slowdown in the replacement program is the question of fitting. But hospital officials hope that in the not too distant future all of the patients will be wearing the new suits and dresses. Trim gray khaki has replaced the mens' shapeless blue denims. !:;::-:i: „ | ^ | ' $ w Alterations Are Begun At Pedro Miguel Locks Pedro Miguel Locks will be operating at a limited capacity for about three weeks while work is in progress which bates unwatering thi culvert. Both traffic lanes will be kepi in service, but with single-culvert operati >". The work is being done by Maintenance l)i\ i lion forces. It is in connection with alteration to increase the cap "i I of the locks during overhaul periods. The Pacific Locks are to I verhauled during the coming dr] ia >n and some of the work require I will b • compl both Pedro Miguel and Miraflore l id after the overhaul begins. Mosl oi the work, except that which will he done durirhaul, has already been ao ora pli he Alteration to the I latun Locks were made in time for the lasl overhaul there. They increased the \ < capacity by aboul 25 percent. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 1, 1957


Principal commodities shipped through the Canal (All figures in thousands of long tons) ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC Gatun Gets Ready Commodity First Quarter, Fiscal Years 1958 1957 1938 Petroleum and products (ex :lu les asph ilt) Coal and coke Iron and steel manufactures 1,749,282 l.Ki-. .71,') d 16,923 305,830 2 19,398 171,585 1 53,988 117,077 108,937 <) >.m 95,023 93,415 87,121 70,613 69, MO 1,302.577 1,364,904 SOS, 166 183,1 !0 417,307 287,369 108,182 91,496 328,898 67,980 135,697 77,929 58,686 69,948 69,179 109,691 1,282,445 178,635 47,077 646,493 1 1 1,416 146,787 900 42,072 3,207 27,985 Paper and p ip -i pro lucts Machinery Aiiun mium comp tunds Wheal -. 132.018 46,081 554 343 62,666 83,729 1,175,149 Total 6,553,565 5,827,386 2.989,009 PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC Commodity ( >ri--, various Lumbar Wheat Canned food products Sugar Bananas Nitrate of soda Metals, various Food products in refrigeration (except fresh fruit"; Barley Coffee Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) Copra Cotton, raw Iron and steel manufactures All others Total First Quarter, Fiscal Ye trs 1958 1,932,050 799,406 501,776 369,597 310.650 265,178 240,495 223,507 124,415 87,817 78,919 79,650 62,765 48,857 16,034 955,553 6,156,707 1957 1,339,987 705,788 473,789 337,658 3 >4,838 177,424 6S,b51 227,234 16 4.005 53,755 65,633 164,162 61,758 41,051 57,368 885,488 5,178,840 1938 541,685 877,574 40,873 30o,650 439.129 8,670 222,756 173,729 45,205 53,158 37,173 978,129 35,092 37,071 5,966 850,245 4,655,102 Canal Commercial Traffic by Nationality of Vessels First Quarter, Fiscal Years Nationality 1958 1957 1938 Number of transits Tons of cargo Number of transits Tons of cargo Number of transits of cargo 4 307 19 14 50 5 92 13 13,222 1,852.111 96,093 118,516 81,370 52,260 501,427 18,501 3 295 18 13 56 4 80 14 3,316 1,919,057 101.454 88,079 78,179 37,304 293,411 24,.,:.:) 292 2 2 1 667 795 10,096 15,115 55 254,567 2 4,695 7 24 209 ii 77 27,772 127,565 650,590 282,955 96,638 5 27 158 n 72 18,452 149,490 521,759 288.248 56,655 28 91 31 9 2 146.78S 450,641 181,941 2,926 11 176 Honduran 1 36 120 3 138 2 54 9 199 114 11 3 10 41 1 469 8,250 179.673 853.040 14,318 1.212,838 5,754 211,765 16,594 1,023,276 628,464 59,369 15,127 32,037 194,446 10,091 2,960,913 51 154 I09,i 79 996,051 13 75 39,933 S I 490 258 2,106,440 Netherlands. 47 21 246 136 11 5 14 45 222,583 34.308 1,200,024 695,450 57,655 30,722 63,600 181,014 60 217,168 Norwegian Panamanian 155 54 855,770 155,169 Philippine 2 31 15 7 S0 206 545 Swiss. United States. 526 3,110,649 495 2 5 1,406 2,860,S14 1 ,95 2! 151 1,968 11,006,226 Total 2,371 12.710.273 7,642,111 November 1, 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Gatun lock-wall sec/ion is clicked up where big lubber-tired fender will run. (CarMnued from paye !) be a matter of several weeks before they are used for towing ships into and out of Gatun Locks. A detailed schedule has been prepared for the testing period which calls for a considerable time in the training of Locks personnel in the use of the devices on the return track at the locks and later on the towing tracks before they are used in handling regular traffic. After arrival the new locomotives will be unloaded on the north end of the center wall by the 75-ton crane-boat Atlas or the 250-ton floating crane Hercules. The LeTourneau company will send a team to the Isthmus to assemble and test the locomotives and later to train Locks Division personnel in their use. All of the initial trials will be made on the return track. These will include tests for operation of the towline booms, traction, braking, and all electrical and mechanical check-outs. After the satisfactory completion of these trials, the locomotives will be moved to the towing tracks for a series of similar tests in addition to operation of the ship fenders. The first towing work to be done will be Panama Canal Company equipment outside of normal operating hours for Gatun Locks. This will be followed by the towing of small commercial vessels which can be scheduled for lockage outside of normal operating hours. It is presently anticipated that this trial period will require from three to six months time after which the two test locomotives can be placed in regular operation. The LeTourneau devices will only be used in handling ships through the lower east chamber at Gatun. The present towing locomotives will be used to tow all vessels from the middle chamber through the upper chamber throughout the testing period. If it is determined that the new devices are satisfactory, alterations to the upper half of the east chambers will be required before the new locomotives can take over complete towing duties for the east lane.


-RECORDSBy The Dozen There was a time not many years ago when a Canal traffic record had a chance to stand unchallenged for several years but statisticians have had a difficult time during the past 12 months in keeping account of new records. New daily, weekly, monthly, ani yearly records have been established and "broken, some two or three times, since July 1956, the beginning of the past fiscal year. During the 12-month period ending in September of this year each month set a record in the amount of commercial tolls for the corresponding month in the Canal's 43 years of operation. Also, during this period there were ten months in which ocean-going commercial transits exceeded any of the previous corresponding ten months. The record-setting pace was only slightly less for all ocean-going traffic moving through the Canal. Neither October nor November of last year broke previous marks for those two months, but since then each month has established a new record for that particular month. Without doubt this string of new monthly marks will be extended to include October. Traffic during the past month was exceptionally high and all indications were, when this edition of the Review went to press, that tolls and transits would set new records for the month of October in both commercial and total ocean-going traffic. The following chart shows the number of ocean-going commercial vessels and tolls collected each month from October L956 through September 1957 and monthly records established before that period. Records as compiled last month are indicated in boldface type. At the present rate and growth of traffic many of these will not long stand. 5 (1955) 2,87(. 2.700 (1955) 2..12II 2,963 (1953) 3,161 2,844 (1956) 3,033 wins (1956) 3,603 1,069 (1956) 3,430 (1956) 3,551 1,210 (1956) 3,481 (1956) 3,668 (1955) J.599 .'.''so (1055) 3. SHI S.053 (1955) *AIl-time monthly ret ord The freighter "Hawaiian Tourist" awaits repairs in Cristobal after disastrous collision in Canal channel last month with the big New Zealand liner "Rangitane." It was one of the worst in the Canal's history. Fortunately no casualties resulted. Canned goods are shown on deck. Port side was practically wrecked TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net tonor over) segregated into eight trade routes: Firsl Qu irter, Fiscal Year-. I iiiied Si. iteIntercoastal Fast Coast ni I S. and South \m. i ii .. East Coast of U. S and I Central Vmei ii a ast of I S ind Far East I'.S. Canada Ea t and Australasia F.l IT ope and West Coast "1 I S Canada Europe and South Amei i> a Europe and Australasia All othei routes Total Tr.if'ti CANAL TRANSITS— COMMERCIAL AND I. S. (,<>\ KRNMENT First Quarter, Fiscal Years 1958 1957 1938 Atlantic to I'.n Hi. Pacific lo Atlantii ["otal [otal l.a.,1 Commen id \ essels: 1,1 so 110 1,191 110 2.^71 2•> 1,310 2,609 '.lis 1.017 i si,, ivei nmenl ve 20 50 13 82 00 OS 01 Small ["otal < iover nmenl 58 93 |5| 12') 1 1 i ,1 commercial and 1 s i lovernment 1,357 1.403 !,760 els undei (on net tons or 500 d tons. pis on which tolls are credited, Priot to [ulj I. 1951, Government operated ships transited free. 12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW November 1, 1957

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