Panama Canal review

Material Information

Panama Canal review
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Panama Canal Commission
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

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Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol


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Vol. 7, No. 12 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JULY 5, 1957 5 cents Gift of the Panama Canal Museum


WHO'S WHO NOW Col. Hugh M. Arnold, left, is the Zone's new Lieutenant Governor, succeeding Co!. H. W. Schull, Jr. The Schulls will leave early next week after two yeais here and will make their home in Miami, Fla. A series of changes among the principal administrative officers of the CompanyGovernment, beginning at next to the top and currently taking place, will bring several new executives into the organization. Th "next-to-the-top" job of Lieutenanl Governor is being relinquished next week by Col. II. W. Schull, Jr., after a two-year assignment here. He is to retire from the Army at the end of this month and in August will join the Rader Associates, an engineering and architectural firm in Miami, Fla., with extensive interests in Latin America. His place will be taken by a man already well known on the Isthmus Col. Hugh M. Arnold, Engineering and Construction Director, whose Initiation into Canal service began three years ago with the supervision of the trickyContractors Hill project. The appointment of Colonel Arnold as Lieutenant Governor, announced tin week by Governor Potter, is the first time in the Canal's history that a man occupying his position ha., been moved directly to the Lieutenant Governor's job. anizatioil it was customary to selecl the Engineer of Maintethe men who had served in Col mel Arnold's corresponding position, but only after a break oi ar i in ( lanal The new En d Construction u will be l.t I !ol. Eioberi Duncan Brown, Jr., now on duty as E Officer with the Omaha Yebr. I i i ct of the Corpsof Engin and his family are expected to arrive in il Zone late this month. ( tthi i : >u made, or in the immediate offing, are: An app lintment to fill the vai I Supply and Employee Service Director caused by the death last month of Wilson H. Crook. K. 0. Theriault is currently acting in that capacity. The retirement of two Division Superintendents in the Transportation and Terminals Bureau will bring several personnel shifts in those units. E. X. Stokes, Superintendent of the Railroad Division, now on terminal leave, will be succeeded in the management of the railroad at the end of this month by George M. Smith, whose appointment as Manager was recently announced and who is already on the Isthmus. A. E, Heck, Superintendent of the Terminals Division, retired at the end of June. No permanent appointment has been made to that position and E. B. O'Brien, Jr., is now Acting Superintendent. Warren H. Smith has assumed his duties as Chief of the Safety Branch, succeeding Gay! (). Kellar, under whose guidance an outstanding safety record has been established during his 1<> years of service with the Canal organization. Maj. David II. Smith, who hi Military Assistant to the Governor since June 1954, has been reassigned to Army George M. Smith, left below, has taken over {his duties as Manager of the Railroad Division. He succeeds E. N. Stokes, who is retiring 'this month. '% THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 5, 1957


^q-l-ttl-(3 New Engineering and Construction Director is Ll. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., shown here with his family: Mrs. Brown, and William, Robert Duncan ill, Mary Alan and Nancy. They arrived this month. Command and General Staff School at Vt Leavenworth, Kans. He and his family will leave late this month. His place will be taken by ('apt. Peter Grosz who will arrive with his family within about tWO weeks. An important position in the Canal Zone Government which changed hands at the first of the month was that of Chief Inspector of the Cristobal office of the Customs Division. John T. Clancy, who had the longest service record of any man in the division, retired at the end of June. Appointed to fill the vacancy was Bruce G. Sanders, Jr., also a veteran of the Customs service who grew up in the Canal Zone. The departure of Colonel and Mrs. Schull will take from the Isthmus two individuals who have contributed notably to community life aside from his official duties. Both speak Spanish fluently and have been active during their residence here in furthering closer relations between the English and Spanish speaking communities. During the last few months of his service the Lieutenant Governor has devoted much of his attention to the problem of increasing the capacity of the Canal, being appointed Chairman of a working committee for the Board of Directors on this important problem. An immediate result of his work on this is the development of a plan for the illumination of sections of Gaillard Cut to permit additional night transits of this section of the waterway. Colonel Schull has been vitally interested in the safety program of the Canal organization since his arrival. Last week he had the satisfaction of attending the ceremonies at which the Company-Government and four bureaus received national awards for their safety records. For the past two years he has been a leader in Community Chest activities and in the organization of the United Fund. Both he and Mrs. Schull are ardent golfers and have established many contacts with American and Panamanian residents through this popular sport. Mrs. Schull has also been an active worker in the Inter-American Womens Club and was co-editor of an information book on the Isthmus just published by the Club. She has also devoted much study to the flora and fauna of the Isthmus and has become an expert in these subjects. Colonel Schull's retirement from the Army at the end of this month will bring to a close a 30-year career with the Corps of Engineers. His varied and distinguished record includes several important assignments during World War II, such as Engineer of the 14th Air Force in China and Chief of the War Plans Division in the office of the Chief of Engineers. He came to the Canal Zone in June 1955 from Jacksonville, Fla., where he was serving as District Engineer. The new Lieutenant Governor and his wife are also ardent advocates of an extension of cordial person-to-person relations between residents of the Canal Zone and the Republic of Panama. Colonel Arnold has been a leading member of the Panama Rotary Club since they arrived here in June 1954, and Mrs. Arnold has been an active member of the InterAmerican Women's Club. Colonel Arnold will bring to the office of the Lieutenant Governor an intimate knowledge of current Panama Canal problems and operations. Aside from his indoctrination to the service by the Contractors Hill work, he has had supervision of the Dredging and Engineering Divisions which has aided greatly in making him one of the Canal's experts on the capacity problem. In addition to these two units, his bureau includes the Maintenance, Electrical, and the Contract and Inspection Divisions, the Power Conversion Project, and the Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch. In addition to these nominal Canal duties, he has served on many official and quasi-official committees and has taken an active role in many phases of community and civic programs. Both he and Mrs. Arnold are natives of Georgia. He is a graduate of Alabama Polytechnic Institute at Auburn and has had a varied career with the Corps of Engineers since he was first commissioned in the Engineer Reserve Corps in 1930. When he came to the Canal organization, he had just completed the course of training at the Army War College. Warren H. Smith, new Chief of the Safety Branch, gets a few pointer: from Gayl O. Kellar at the Thatcher Ferry. July 5,1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


The annual reports for the Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government for the past fiscal year will read more like an exciting news report than a stodgy recital of facts and figures. Even if the format of the Governor's annual report is not changed, no recital of the past year's events can hide the excitement of change and progress. Again in the spotlight for the fifth consecutive year will he Canal traffic with a brand new set of records for the book. The upsurge of interoceanic trade, coupled with some help from the Suez crisis, greatly exceeded traffic estimates prepared before the fiscal year began. As the annual fiscal period came to an end and the Office of the Comptroller prepared to compile statistics, events ami prospective developments continued to hold great interest for the entire Isthmian public. Most noteworthy in this category were: Changes among top personnel assignments in the Canal organization described elsewhere in this issue, ami prO| of legislation to implement the 1955 Treaty. In the very last week of the fiscal year 1957, ended June 30, the Budget Committee of the Board of Directors spent several busy days in the Canal Zone for a review of fiscal plans for the future. While this is an annual event, this year's meeting was concerned with problems of great magnitude. And, when the Board of Directors meets this month, its members will have under consideration such momentous questions as meeting traffic requirements of the waterway, and changes to be made when Treaty legislation is enacted. Governor Potter returned from Washington late last month after testifying before Congressi >nal Committees on legislation to implement various phases of the 1955 Treaty. Also testifying were other high U. S. Government officials, and various representatives of interested employee and labor groups from the Canal Zone. All necessary legislation to implement all pending agreements reached in the diplomatic negotiations concluded in 1955 were introduced in the Congress now in session and its progress was being intently followed by thousands on the Isthmus. In the main, this was embodied in three principal measures: A request by the President for a A BANNER YEAR million dollars in supplemental funds for preliminary work on the bridge across the Canal; legislation to establish a single basic wage scale and place all Canal employees under Civil Service retirement; and a measure to transfer some S25 million in properties to the Republic of Panama. The past fiscal year started out with one of the biggesl news stories ever to occur in the Western Hemisphere the meeting of the Presidents of American Republics and the commemorative meeting of the Organization of American States in Panama City. While not a Canal Zone event, most of the attending Chief Executives, including President Eisenhower, and the principal officials paid the Zone a visit during their stay. Of greater and more personal interest to employees and their families than any single event or succession of events were the changes which were necessary at the end of last December when Treaty commitments restricting commissary privileges became effective. The impact of this change on the Canal organization is only partly indicated by the following comparative statistics on O. K. Amigos "Say it like this," instruct Halt' a dozen of the Panama Canal organization's top personnel should be speaking Spanish with i before very long. In ;i special cla they are learning their Spanish ju | a they learned to peal English, by ear. For ih" time being, the novice in the group will not recognize, in print, what they can understand when it i laid to them, and, of course, no one expect bhi in diplomatic negotiations in i >r a while. Bui they will not asks them for ome polite chit-chat on tl or Carlos Garcia de Patedes tells the Spanish conversation class. Their instructor, Carlos Garcia de Paredes, a young man with a sharp ear, is using what is known as a "guided imitation" method of teaching, i.e., he says a phrase and each -Indent around the table imitates him. The course they are following was prepared by the Foreign Service Institute of the Department of State about four years ago. Member: of tinfirst class, are shown in tin' picture above. Left to right, facing the camera, they are: David .1. Markun, l General Counsel; Daniel .1. Paolucci, Coordinator. Personnel Programs Staff; Col. Hugh M. Arnold, tin gineering and Construction Director; C.,1. C. 0. Bruce, Health Director; Governor Potter; Paul M. Etunnestrand, Executive Secretary; Capt.W.S. Etodimon, Marine Director; and Allen Alexander, Assistant to the Public Information Officer. The Covet nor already speaks Spanish but is taking a refresher course; Mr. Markun and Mr. Kumiestrand have some familiarity with the language, but the others are all new at it. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 5, 1957


the number of employees at the end of May 1956 and one year later: Total Company-GovernMay May Net ment Force 1956 1957 change Total U. S.-Rate 3,610 3,478 132 Total Local-Rate 9,799 9,357 442 Total 13,409 12,835 574 The major reduction hit hardest in the Commissary and Service Center Divisions. The Commissar; force dropped from 1,641 in May of last year to 987 this May, a loss of 654 employees. The Service Center force dropped 38. While many of these employees were placed elsewhere in the organization the force reduction in these two units affected others throughout the organizations, since uniform bumping procedures were adopted for all employees. At the end of the fiscal year, the Canal force was at the lowest point it has reached since 1935. Most notable about this major force reduction was the fact that the Canal organization as a whole again demonstrated its ability to absorb such a shock with no drop in its high level of efficiency in its main mission and with no major disruptions to its manifold public services. Linked to force reduction and restrictions of Canal Zone purchase privileges was the sale of the S.S. Panama, one of three liners which has served the Canal and its employees for over 15 years. The sale of the vessel to the American President Line was consummated last December after it was determined that it was surplus to the needs for the transportation of supplies and personnel. While the Canal continued, month after month, to roll up impressive traffic statistics, a single ton of cargo the onebillionth to be shipped through the waterway — received attention throughout the maritime world last December. Its passage was celebrated in a manner designed to call attention to the Canal's importance to world trade. Canal traffic received concentrated attention from still another angle last year, when the water supply for the transit of vessels dropped to the lowest level in more than 20 years. The long and excessively-dry dry season, coupled Proposed method of illuminating Gaillard Cut for night operations was studied by Board's Budget Committee in June. with heavy water usage by traffic, dropped the level of Gatun Lake to 82.09 feet, its lowest since 1948. It was the first time in some ten years that the water supply had become a serious problem. A reminder that the Panama Canal is nearing its half century of service to world shipping came last year when the Tivoli Guest House was host to a ballroom full of oldtimers and newcomers to celebrate its 50th birthday. All these and many other events no less interesting came within a 12-month period. Left to right are Col. H. W. Schull, Jr., Gov. W. E. Potter, Col. H. M. Arnold, with Board members Ralph H. Cake, Robert P. Burroughs, and Maj. Gen. G. E. Edgerton, ret. Canal Dredge Begins Long Journey North Dredging and Industrial Division forces last month combined efforts to prepare the dipper dredge Paraiso and three 1,000-cubic yard scows for their new jobs in the Great Lakes and later on the St. Lawrence Seaway. The dredging equipment, which has been in the reserve fleet here, has been leased to the Corps of Engineers for three years. On May 6, the Paraiso was moved to the Gamboa shops dock for dismantling. By June 13, 24 hours ahead of the deadline, the dredge and one scow were ready to be floated into the big drydock which transported them to New Orleans. Two other barges had left earlier, in tow of a commercial tug. One of the main jobs was removal of the Paraiso's stack and any protuding parts which would bring her clearance to the maximum 39 feet allowed so that she could pass under Mississippi River bridges. Working around the clock, the Industrial Division repaired some parts, which were carried from Gamboa to Mount Hope on the craneboat Atlas. The repaired parts were then stowed onto the barge and welded into place to prevent movement on the tiip across the Caribbean. July 5, 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW The Crane Hercules helped dismantle the dredge in preparation for the sea trip. At left, the barge which accompanied the Paraiso enters the floating drydock.


FOR YOUR m INTEREST AND I'M? GUIDANCE /./ INACtlDENT PREVENTION FIVE AWARDS OF HONOR Beatrice Lucas, Safety Branch Secretaiy, holds National Safety Council plaques presented last week to The Company-Government organization and four Bureaus. The culmination of many years effort to improve the safety record of the Canal organization came last week when presentation was made of the National Safety Council Award of Honor to the CompanyGovernment and to each of four Bureaus. The ceremonies, attended by a representative group of officials and employees, were arranged at this time to permit participation by members of the Company's Hoard of Directors who were here for the annual budget committee meeting. The Award of Honor is the highest given by the National Safety Council. It is mil onlj the first time that the CompanyGovernment won this high recognition, but it was the first time that any major Canal unit received the award. The awards were based on our records for the calendar sear l'r.sic The four units winning Awards of Honor were the Supply and Employee Service, Transportation and Terminals, Health, and Marine bureaus. While the Award of Honor has never been won by the Canal nor any individual unit the National Safety Council's second highest award, the Award of Merit. i ompanj I Sovemment in 1953 and again in 1955. In addition, eral dh i ions have won individual afety records. \ aoteworthj condition of earning vards is that, together with conin the States, we must assign accident charges for the whole organization and each bureau in strict lance with the requirements of the National Safety Council and the r\mei ican Stain! i. The Company-Government and the four bureaus all greatl) exceeded their required percentages of improvement and attained a high rating in comparison with other entrants. These awards are fitting tributes to the safety consciousness of all our employees and supervisors. Above all, their presentation came as a fitting climax to the close of the Canal seme of Lt. Gov. II. W. Schull. Jr. and Gayl 0. Kellar, Chief of the Safety Section, whose diligent efforts in the promotion of safety made the awardpossible. HONOR ROLL Bureau Award For BEST RECORD MAY ENGINEERING AND CONSTUCTION BUREAU HE ALTH BURE AU AWARDS THIS CALENDER YEAR Health 4 Civil Affairs ... Engineering and Construction 2 Supply and Employee Service 2 Marine 1 Transportation and Terminals Division Award For NO DISABLING INJURIES MAY HOSPITALS AND CLINICS MAINTENANCE DIVISION HOUSING AND GROUNDS DIVISION DREDGING DIVISION ELECTRICAL DIVISION RAILROAD DIVISION STOREHOUSE DIVISION FIRE DIVISION AIDS TO NAVIGATION SANITATION DIVISION AWARDS THIS CALENDER YEAR Aids to Navigation 5 Electrical 5 Fire 5 Housing and Grounds 5 Sanitation. 5 Dredging 4 Hospitals and Clinics 4 Industrial Maintenance Motor Transportation Railroad Storehouse Commissary and Service Center Police I ocks Navigation Terminals FREQUENCY RATE Disabling injuries per 1,000,0 hours worked. ) emplovecMAY 1957 BUREAU Engineering and Construction Bureau Health Bureau C. I. Govt. Panama Canal Co. This Month Supply and Employee Service Bureau Transportation and Terminals Bureau Marine Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau Numhrr of Disabling ln|unrs LEGEND Emploioe Hours ol Exiosurc 2,233,262 [ Frequency Rate this month m Accumulative Frequency Rale ibis Calendal Year Z3 1951 1955 1956 Calendar Year Average THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 5, 1957


OF CURRENT AND FUTURE INTEREST lis a dog's life. This pup is taking a dim view of the anti-rabies inoculation about to be given by Dr. Kenneth Zimmerman. Andres Barria is the helper. July is the month when dogs in the Canal Zone must be licensed for the year beginning August i ; an anti-rabies vaccination is a requirement for the licensing. Again this year vaccinating and licensing teams will visit the various Canal Zone communities. As this issue of "The Review" went to press, the tentative dates for the vaccination registration are: July 17, 18, and 19 for the Atlantic side, and July 24, 25, 26, and 29 on the Pacific side. Definite dates and places will be announced in the daily newspapers. A charge of $2 is made for the registration, and each dog owner will be given a numbered tag, acorn-shaped this year, which his pet should wear on his collar. The anti-rabies inoculation is given without charge. This year, unlike previous years, the tags bear the expiration date, 7-31-58. Jr.. Theodore H. Bauer. Donald C. Clement, Elry M. Groves, Bryan W. Mercer Edward T. Philpitt, Charles A. Pistole, Donald C. Pullen, Benedetto Quattrociocchi, Ralph K. Stansbury, and Frank G. Toth. Principal dates for the coming schoolyear for the Canal Zone's U. S. schools were released last month from the Division of Schools. Opening day is September 4, the end of the school year comes on June 31958. There will be a four-day holiday at Thanksgiving, November 28 through December 1; a 12-day holiday at Christmas, December 21 through January 1; and a 9-day holiday at Easter, March 29 through April 6. June 2 is Commencement Day for high schools and junior college. The annual audit of the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government will be made during the next five months or so by 12 members of the Government Accounting Office, who arrived on the Isthmus last month. Headed by Archie B. Jones, Supervisory Auditor, the GAO men include several who have conducted the audit here other years. In addition to Mr. Jones, those who arrived here in June are Michael A. Artese, J^yJ— Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly Al Balboa Heights, C. Z. Printed by the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone W. E. Potter, Governor-President H. W. Schull, Jr., Lieutenant Governor W. G. Arey, Jr., Public Information Officer J. Rufus Hardy, Editor Eleanor McIlhenny, Assistant Editor Eunice Richard, Editorial Assistant On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review. Balboa Heights. C. Z. Thirty-two teachers from the Canal Zone's elementary schools are doubling in brass these days. Daytimes, they rule their classrooms with more or less of an iron hand, but evenings they become students themselves. All of them are enrolled at the Panama University's evening session. The teacher-students are taking a variety of courses. Here are a few samples: Introduction to Philosophy, Introduction to Psychology, Principles of Secondary Education, Spanish Language and Literature, Survey of English Literature. History of the English Language. Elementary French. Elementary Latin, Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry, Principles of Economics, and World Literature. The 32 teachers who are taking night classes at Panama University are part of a group of 45 which studied at the University during the 1957 "summer" session, between February 21 and April 17. Following are the names of this group, together with the Latin American schools where they teach: La Boca ElementaryJunior High: Miss Mabel McFarquhar, Mrs. Lilian Gibson, Mrs. Verona Campbell, Grafton Conlilte. Paraiso ElementaryJunior High: Miss Bertha Hylton, Mrs. Amy Boyce. Mrs. Carmen Butcher, Mrs. Doris Fawcett, Mrs. Eloise Hayott, Mrs. Hyacinth Kirven, Mrs. Daphne Wedderburn, Pablo Kirven, and Gilbert Burrows. Santa Cruz ElementaryJunior High: Mrs. Lulitta McFarquhar, George Hamilton, and Harold Knowles. Rainbow City Elementary: The Misses Eva Tait, Margaret Owen, Mavis Simpson, Iris Quinlan, Mrs. Elouise Small, Pablo Burke, Philip Daniel, Samuel Skeete, Roberto I',. in, mi, Bj ron Lee, Herberi Dennj Jocelyn Barrowes, and Philip I lenrj Paraiso High School: Mi-, I l> & i: i,. Miss Blandina Watei man, \ I Co< kburn I I). Alphonse, G. V. Rii hards, and W. A. Wason. Rainbow City High School: Miss Elsinora I. \n, I., MisNxki., M, I),,,,. ,|,i. Mrs. \ iola Duncan, A. C. I ireaves, S S. fosephs, Sa turnin Mauge, Arthui Mauge, Holder Coc kburn, I luBois Andrews .mil \l. in , ,. McLean. Two Tour Interpreters from the Locks Security Force got their names in the "Congressional Record" recently one of the rare times when such a thing has occurred to individual Zonians. The two Zonians so honored are Fred Berest and George Harter, both of whom are on duty at Miraflores Locks. The occasion was the introduction into the "Congressional Record" of an Extension of Remarks by Rep. James T. Patterson of Connecticut, who reported that a constituent of his, during a recent visit to the Canal, "was greatly impressed by the conduct of two Americans, Mr. Fred Berest and Mr. George Harter, of the Locks security force." Representative Patterson added a letter from Edward Cohen, Treasurer of the H. C. Cook Company, Ansonia, Conn., which said, in part: "What impressed us deeply as we watched the huge ships going through the Canal was the integrity and courtesy of the locks security force at Miraflores Locks, especially the two young Americans, Fred Berest and George Harter. "These two young men extended to us every courtesy and patiently answered our every question relative to the Canal, and not only made our visit a memorable one, but again stirred up in us a deep sense of patriotism and love for our country, which we always feel in foreign lands. "Were it in my power to hand out goodconduct medals, Fred Berest and George Harter would now be receiving them Criticism is so aptly given. Let us record good deeds." CIVIL DEFENSE NEWS Sometime about the middle of this month, the Canal Zone will participate in the annual National civil defense exercise. The exact date has not been announced by the Civil Defense Administration, but it is expected to be between July 12 and July 15. Canal Zone participation this year will not be so intensive as our participation in the Armed Forces Jackpot last October, but will be the most important ever held here. For the first time in any "Operation Alert," the Company-Government and Armed Forces disaster relief and control forces will be mustered. There will be no field maneuvers for the relief forces, but upon the sounding of the proper public action signals, members of the civil defense teams will mobilize for a show of strength — a nose count. These forces will be inspected by the team leaders and then the members will be dismissed to return to their occupations. Philip L. Dade, Civil Defense Chief, has announced that early next dry season, probably the first part of February, Armed Forces and Company-Government civil defense and disaster control forces will combine lor an Isthmian-wide maneuver which will be a lull field operation. July 5,1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW JULY VOLUNTEER CORPS MEETINGS e Town Place Hour Margarita and Service Center 9 a. m. New Cristobal Margarita Balboa (Meeting cancelled) Rainbow City School 6:30 p.m. Gamboa Civic Center 8:30 a.m. Santa Cruz Service Center 8 p. m. Paraiso School 7:30 p. m. Gatun Service Center 9 a. m. Diablo Service Center 9:30 a.m.


When you tire of cracking almonds on the sidewalk The crotch of a mango tree is a good place to rest. It s A Wonderful World For Boys The only way to gel pipas is to shinny up the trunk of a handy coconut palm. There aren't many places more exciting for small boys to grow up than right here in the Canal Zone, especially when they have parents like .Mr. and Mrs. Richard Williams of Ancon. Richard, known as Ricky, 10, and Scott, obviously Scotty, 8, have absorbed much of their parents' enthusiasm for the Isthmian outdoors. One day recently, The Review camera followed them about on their wanderings; at the end of the day the cameraman was worn out but the boys were as fresh as when they started. In addition to the goings-on reported here, the boys: bought genips at a Chinese garden, dueled with bamboo fronds, salvaged a broken banana stalk, discovered some cocoons on a palm frond, and took a side trip to a secret cache where they have uncovered some old bottles. Their home is full of fascinating pets. Reside those shown here, the boys have had a squirrel, two rabbits, an iguana, 14 horses, and innumerable parakeets and house cats. You can spend hours on the banks of the Canal, watching the ships.


Margarita is a lemur. The Chief of the Guala Indians gave herto the two boys. Those Indian relics came from this part of Panama, Mother says. The lizard and the rhinoceros beetle aren't too sure about each othe Ricky's after fish, but the parakeet is much more interested in the camera. Sonny, Scotly's bedfellow, is a nine-month-old ocelot from the Cuna Indian reservation in Agua Clara. 1 J J &


i _n w ~*r J In a Panama shop, workers like this woman are now making safety shoes. Panama Plant Produces Safety Shoes For Zone Safety shoes for Canal employees are being manufactured in Panama at the Fabrica National de Calzado and are now OH sale under the trade name of "Marton" at the factory's retail stores in Panama and Colon. Stores handling the shoes are Calzados Finos Pereira at 13 04 and 18-32 Central Avenue, b Panama City, and Calzados Torres at the comer of Bolivar Ave. and Eighth St. (next door to the [mp i ial Bote) I in Colon. The hoes, with protective metal caps on the toes, non-skid rubber soles, and other safety features are being produced This cut-away shows the reinforced toe and sturdy build of the new shoes. by the Panama factory through an arrangement between the Company-Gov,inil Franci co Pereira, owner of the factory. The price of the shoes which, studies show, i orably with that of ndard work sha of com parable quality will be $8.95 cash or I i i redit i extended. pyl PAGES FROM THE ^iliz.::tiE 3E THIS MONTH I life 50 Years Ago Everything was not happy in the Canal Zone 50 years ago this month, although newspaper references to the difficulties were somewhat cryptic. Early in July, tin "Star & Herald" carried a dory from Washington, quoting Secretary of War William Howard Taft that Colonel Goethals and his assistant* were doing "excellent work" and had no intention of relinquishing their tasks. The Isthmian Canal Commission, he added, wtnild "stand as now organized." A few days later Colonel Goethals himself issued a statement that newspapers just received from the States contained "very surprising and totally false allegations regarding the dissatisfaction of members of the Commission and rumors of resignations." Such reports, he said, were "fabrications made from whole cloth containing not an iota of truth." And still later the "New York Tribune" reported "some evidence of a more or less organized campaign to undermine the discipline ami discredit the work of the Army engineers in the Canal Zone." This, tin "Tribune" commented, was a political more. It hazarded a guess that the JVC's Secretary, Joseph Buckiin Bishop would soon be sent to the Canal Zone to handle complaints. Goethals, meanwhile, made a tentative report suggesting that the work on the Canal be divided by section and class; contracts then could be let for many if not all of these. This system generally would be that used by the Army Engineers. A case of yellow fever, newsworthy then as now, was reported in the "Star & Herald" .50 years ago tomorrow. The patient was a German who had arrived in l.o Boca aboard ship from Central America. The brief newspaper account reported that he had been "transferred to a cage in the screened word at Aneon Hospital and diagnosed as yellow fever." The disease, according to the newspaper account, had been contracted in either La Union or Amapala. The first of a series of entertainments for which the new YMCA Clubhouses was to import talent from the United States drew packed houses all along the line. The first performers were described only as Holtare, a New York magician, and Wade, a "musical humorist," who introduced a new song The Army In The Ditch at Panama. 25 Years Ago Thirty-five Panama Canal and Hailroad employees reported for work the morning of July I, 25 years ago, to find that they had no jobs. They were all over lil! years of age and their service had been extended for one reason or another by the Civil Service Commission. Under the Economy Bill which had become effect ive thai day, their retirement wa compulsory. The in W fame as a shock to all of them. In mill i in alleviate theb situation somewhat, the Governoi ruled thai thost una pectedly retired could remain in then quarters for three months, instead of tin customai ii mil month aftei retiremt nt. As the month went on, more and more employees began to feel the effects of the Economy Bill. On July Id the Comptroller Genera] ruled that Zonians would receive no vacation pay dining the fiscal year, even though they had earned leave before July 1. When the SS "Cristobal", leaded with vacationists, docked in Sew York tin next day its passengers found out that they wire on payless furloughs. One of the top command, Engineer of Maintenance, J. I.. Schley, was caught in the same fix. although he was not in the United States. Colonel Schley, later to become governor, was honeymooning in France at the time. By the middle of the month Zoiiinns had learned of other Kaon. my Hill provisions: An S\ percent salary cut for those on tin "Gold Roll;" a $2.60 ml for "Silver" employees on the monthly rolls, and a i accent an houi reduction foi hourly "Silver" employees; an additional mouth's payless furlough fin pilots because of the dccicasi in Canal traffic, mid an additional 15-day furlough for captains of tugboats and harbor craft; elimination of time and a half payment for overtime. July, the beginning of a new fiscal year, was also time for taking stock. Canal traffic for the fiscal year just ended was the lowest since 1932, and 30 percent under the 1928 high. During the year 4,506 commercial vessels paid tolls totaling $20,707,377. The consolidation of locks operations into one division, scheduled for the end of August, was nit red abend into July I ecu us, of the retirement of W. R. Ilollouill, Superintendent of the Pacific Locks. The Locks Division was beaded by E. L. Stillwell; J. C. Myrick was in charge of the Pacific Ll i ks, and II. M. Thomas of (latum A reduced operating schedule was put into etfi 1 1. 10 Years Ago In L947 there was an < ci d< my-mindi d Congress, too. The House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee threi tei d to cut appropriations "to such an extent to make compulsory a reductii n in force unless mire rapid progress is made immediately toward slashing employe) roi ters on the Canal to the prewar level." The Semite passed and cent in tin PreS ideni a bill t an l', man, a Rati road's pension fund to the Civil Service retirement fund; this would standardize the Railroad's retirement plan with that of Tin Panama Canal. Preliminary draft.; of the 1941 fstl mian Canal Studies report wi re aonl I i Washington for review b; the Army and Navy I lepartmenl and th \\ imi< I ni rgj Commi ion. One Year Ago \\ hen all the figure i wer in, the Pan ama Canal was fi und i have h record year's trallie : 8,209 large con Hi I cial ships had transited and toll of over $37 million had been collected. 10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Jul / 5, 1957


Here's The Man Who Holds The Purse Strings • WHAT HAS HAPPENED AND WILL HAPPEN TO THE MONEY TAKEN IN BY THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY PCC received It's Philip Steers' job 1o know where the money comes from, and goes. Philip Lawrence Steers, Jr., the Comptroller and a general officer of the Panama Canal Company, is the man who holds the Company's purse strings but, he says, he never sees any of the money for which he accounts. Being a Comptrollerwhether the company be General Motors or the Panama Canal Companyhas to do with "developing a company's financial policies," within a framework established by the company's directors. As Comptroller, he supervises the financial management of the Company and Government. This means keeping accounting records, hreaking them down to see what they mean, developing and improving the system of internal control, settling any claims against the organization, and supervising the Company's internal audit — which is one performed by members of the organization in contrast to an audit made by outside-the-company auditors like the G.A.O. Another part of his job has to do with working up the Company-Government budgets. Once worked up, it is up to him to furnish technical support to the Governor in presenting them to the Budget Bureau and various Congressional committees convincing them that the budgets are the best ones possible for the Canal organization. One of his biggest jobs is figuring out what rates should be charged for incomeproducing activities like housing or office buildings, what electric rates should be, and, even, helping determine the price of a tire change at the Motor Transportation Division. The rent for a set of quarters, for instance, must include its supervision by the Housing and Grounds Division, the cost of keeping it in good repair and furnishing it with water. It must also include depreciation, interest, and general administrative expense for the Company. ( Housing pays no part of the Canal Zone Government costs.) And all of this must be done according to a general formula established by the Bureau of the Budget. Mr. Steers is also, technically, custodian of the Company's funds and it is his ultimate responsibility to see that all bills are paid and the bi-monthly payrolls met. Like all of the top echelon who have talked to "The Review" about their jobs, he regards his as challenging. The most interesting part, he believes, is "developing financial techniques which will increase efficiency and at the same time reduce costs and see that accounting isn't done for accounting's sake." Mr. Steers, a Certified Public Accountant since 1941, is a comparative newcomer to the Canal organization he has been here about four years but he is no stranger to accounting. He even took accounting courses in high school, not because he was particularly fond of figures at the time but because he was not sure that he would be able to go to college and he wanted the best possible preparation for the business world. He started out as a bookkeeper in 1935 after finishing high school, but at the same time went to college at night and was graduated from New York University School of Commerce in 1938. That year he went to work for a firm of public accountants and in 1941 received his CPA Certificate. He entered the Army in 1941 as a second lieutenant and left six years later a lieutenant colonel, a rank he still holds in the Army Reserve. In those six years, he served in Italy, France, Germany, and other parts of Central Europe, most of the time with Military Government. After Mr. Steers was discharged from the Army, he worked for about a year in Washington and New Jersey and then returned overseas, this time as chief auditor for U. S. Forces, Austria. Shortly thereafter he was appointed Controller of the Economic Mission to Austria, the position he held until he left Europe in 1953. Mr. Steers' first Canal job, early in 1953, was as Chief of the Accounting Systems Staff. In August 1954 he was named Deputy Comptroller; he has held the Canal's top financial post since November 1955. As the Canal Company's Comptroller, he has just been signally honored, lb' and his former boss, Lindsley Noble, now Comptroller for the U. S. Post Office Department, were invited recently to submit applications for membership in the Controller's Institute of America, which has heretofore excluded government personnel. Its membership, which consists of leading financial men in U. S companies, is considering opening their rolls to government comptrollers and Mr. Noble and Mr. Steers were selected as being representative of this group. Mr. Steers' other professional affiliations include the New York State Society of Certified Public Accountants, the Federal Government Accountants Association, and the American Management Association. He has been active as a reserve officer, a board member of the Cancer and Red Cross organizations, works with the Boy Scouts, teaches a Sunday school class, is a Deacon of the Curundu Protestant Church, and is a Council member of the Word of Life Fellowship, Inc. He golfs a bit and goes swimming occasionally, but most of his spare time he spends at home— a cottage on the side of Ancon Hillwith his wife, Maria Ana, whom he met in Europe, and their two children, Philip III, 8, and Yolan, a pretty six-year-old. Wilson H. Crook 7 July 5,1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Flags throughout the Canal Zone were flown at half mast June 12 for Wilson H. Crook who died last month in Gorgas Hospital after a brief illness. Hundreds of friends and associates attended the funeral seivices in the Balboa Union Church. Colleagues in the Canal organization and friends from Panama served as honorary pallbearers; ushers and active pallbearers were men from the Supply and Employee Services Bureau which Mr. Crook had headed since its formation in March, 1956. Throughout the latter part of the month, messages of condolence and expressions of sympathy poured in to Mrs. Crook and the two sons and daughter in the family. Mr. Crook, 48 at the time of his death, had been with the Canal organization since 1929. Except for a brief period, all of his service was with Divisions which are now included in the Bureau which he headed at the time of his death.


We' re Flying Them In In Florida, W. C. Bain examines some of the produce for shipment by air. The first shipment of fresh fruits and vegetables under an air-freight arrangement was put on sale in the Commissary Division's retail stores last week, less than 12 hours after they had left the Florida markets. Another shipment was due this week and, because the commissaries were closed yesterday, was to be on sale today. Arrangements for the air freight of perishable produce were made in Florida by W. C. Bain, Superintendent of the Commissary and Service Center Division's Cold Storage Plant. Mr. Bain made a special trip to Florida last month. The first shipment, which included corn on the cob, blueberries, cherries, broccoli and other "greengoods," arrived in excellent condition and sales were brisk among commissary customers. According to the present arrangements, the shipments for the commissaries will leave Miami about 3 a. m. every Thursday morning on a direct flight to Tocumen Airport. They will be available in the retail that afternoon. The main items to be bought under this plan will be highly perishable produce which does not stand long to lie offered will vary depending on the season. The idea is the outgrowth of commissary forums. Now Available A highly popular and a fast-selling cookbook compiled by the Fort Kobbe Officers Wives Club, is now available in the Canal Zone Service Centers. The book is called "Recetas del Caribe," but is written entirely in English. Proceeds from the sale of the cookbook, which is priced at $3 for over-the-counter sale, go to the support of a boys' school in Panama and other charities sponsored by the Officers Wives Club. In case a purchaser wants the cookbook wrapped and mailed, this can be arranged by writing to Box 619 at Fort Kobbe. The price of the book, including wrapping and mailing is S3. 69. June's Commissary Forum for representatives of the Canal Zone's Latin American communities might well have been called a Service Center and Commissary Forum. For the first time since the forums for this group started in April 1954, as much time was devoted to Service Center matters as to those of the Commissaries. The well-attended meeting there were about 30 community representatives present was held in the Board Room of the Balboa Heights Administration Building. In the absence of Wilson H. Crook, Supply and Employee Service Director, then seriously ill, the forum was conducted by R. L. Sullivan, Acting General Manager of the Commissary and Service Center Division. Mr. Sullivan opened the meeting with a resume of changes made through suggestions at previous forums. These included installation of a shoe display rack at the Santa Cruz Commissary and of measuring devices at all shoe sections; packaging of codfish without the tail sections; addition of scales in the vegetable section at Santa Cruz and the planned addition of these at Rainbow City store when alterations to that unit are completed; and arrival of several requested items such as face powder in shades wanted by the women customers, stretchsocks for men and initialed socks, also for men. A fitting room where men may try on suits and trousers is now in use at the Rainbow City store, Mr. Sullivan announced. Those attending the forum participated in some discussion on the Monday "emergency section" at the Rainbow City Commissary. This section, Mr. Sullivan explained, was requested by the Civil Council of that locality for household emergencies, and carries only about 30 staple items. It was not intended to make the commissary in that locality a "six-day" store, he said, but trade there on Mondays is so heavy that there are long lines of waiting customers all day long. The Rainbow City representatives agreed that the "Monday Section" should be used for emergencies only. Several community representatives reported that some commonly used items were out of stock. Mrs. Enid McFarlane of Santa Cruz said that a number of necessary parts for oil stoves, such as flame spreaders, collars and wicks, are not available. Cyril Atherley of I'araiso commented that residents of that community had some difficulty getting kitchen utensils; the subsequent discussion included a suggestion from Hamilton Lavalas that all hardware items be consolidated in one store rather than dh ided as at present, with some items in the new store and the older building. A number of representatives from Paralso asked for a revolving stock of higher priced shoe-.; samples of these, the] suggested, could he on display and available on special order. Representatives of Rainbow City commented that they need additional sales clerks in the shoe section at that commissary, especially just before holidays when trade is heavy. Also in connection with shoes, Santa Cruz residents asked for a change in the location of the shoe section at that store, preferably to the now not entirely used second floor of that building. When the discussion turned to Service Centers, community representatives were concerned primarily with two mattersprice differences between the commissaries and the sendee centers and the quality of the service centers' movies. Philip Thornton, one of a number of Division representatives at the forum, explained that in a "restaurant" operation such as that of the service centers, bottled drinks, etc. cannot be sold at "grocery store prices." The accounting procedures of the two units are completely different in that the rates of surcharge vary, he said. That for the service centers must be figured to include service, breakage, and handling whereas such items do not enter into the expenses for the Commissary Division. Several customer representatives suggested that the service centers might have special sections from which cold bottled drinks and similar food might be taken for consumption outside or at home, but Mr. Thornton said that the "Service centers are not, and do not want to be, in the take-out business that is a commissary function." When discussion started on the quality of movies shown at the Latin American theaters, several representatives expressed the belief that better-type pictures would encourage larger adult audiences and better behaviour among the juveniles. "There are too many blood-and-thunder pictures and too many repeats," one man said. C. \V. Kilbey, of the Service Center Branch, explained that this was a problem not limited to the Latin American communities. lie outlined difficulties in obtaining pictures from distributors and explained that there were occasions when a distributor will permit a film, especially one which commands higher entrance prices, to be shown only at Halboa and Cristobal theaters on the tirst run. Subsequently, but after a considerable lapse of time, the film returns and is then shown in the entire Canal Zone circuit. Other service center questions were the construction of a new theater at Rainbow City, a request for a soda fountain at Santa Cruz, installation of a popcorn machine at the present theater. The new theater, K. 0. Theriault said, is a capital item in the 1958 budget and will be built as soon as funds are made available; conaideration will be given to the soda fountain request; the popcorn machine will be in operation soon. Several Santa Cruz residents asked that the service center be opened earlier in the morning. Other matters discussed at less length included a central Toyland for Latin American communities this year, selfservice in the I'araiso Commissary annex for drygoods and housewares, pre-packaging of bacon squares, cheese, etc. 1? THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 5, 1957


Laundry Boasts Two Singletons L. T. Yaibray, right, and James Griffith hold unique jobs. Buttons that bleed, white suits with brown spots, rugs in need of a shampoo, 15 by 15-foot tarpaulins, or lace handkerchiefs — these are all in a day's work for Lloyd T. Yarbray. Managing the Ancon Laundry, which processes an average of 300,000 pieces of laundry and dry cleaning each month, Mr. Yarbray deals with these and many other laundering problems peculiar to the tropics. As manager of the Zone's only laundry, he becomes a "Review" "singleton." Another "singleton" found at the Ancon Laundry is primarily concerned with the brown spots on the white suits or spots Buy Bonds — A canvass of all Company-Government employees is being made this month to stimulate the purchase of United States Savings Bonds. In a special message to employees, Lt. Cov. H. W. Schull, Jr. called attention to the Bond Program and specifically to the recent increase in interest rates to 3*4 percent." In listing some of the benefits of the systematic savings program by monthly purchases, the Lieutenant Goverror said: "I heartily endorse this system of savings for Company-Government employees." An extensive program to inform all employees of the advantages of the Savings Bond program and the increase in interest rates has been planned by D. J. Paolucci, Coordinator of the Personnel Programs Staff, as head of the sale of bonds in the Company-Government. A special representative has been appointed for each division and principal unit to assist employees interested in savings through the monthly installment plan, or in making cash purchases. The latest survey shows that approximately 3,400 Company-Government employees are presently enrolled in the payroll deduction plan, making a monthly investment of about $84,000. in general, for his job title is Spotter and Cleaner. He is James Griffith, who, using a large variety of chemicals and knowledge gained through eight years of experience, carefully removes troublesome stains before garments are put through the regular cleaning processes. Although tropical fruit stains present a local problem — mango, banana, and coconut stains are especially common — a continuous problem here, as at all laundries they say, is that of alcohol stains which appear as if by magic as soon as heat is applied to a garment on which alcohol has been spilled. Such a stain is permanent, and not even Mr. Griffith, with all his chemicals, can remove it. Plastic buttons that "bleed" and give off "fumes" are another source of trouble for Mr. Yarbray, who finds it difficult at times to convince customers that the large black or brown spots appearing around certain kinds of buttons are caused by a chemical reaction when the garment is pressed. He can produce pictures from laundering testing laboratories explaining exactly what happens and that it is the fault of the button and not the laundry. These Imttons are a particular problem here, as they often disintegrate completely when placed in dry closets. Although he operates a special service for people needing orders returned the same day they are brought in, there is always someone who rushes in day or night demanding that his laundry be returned immediately. Mr. Yarbray has opened the laundry many times to help customers in all kinds of emergencies. One he remembers particularly was a young man who decided at 1 1 o'clock at night to get married, and called to see what could be done about opening the laundry and returning his clothes so that the ceremony could proceed. Considering this a true emergency, Mr. Yarbray unlocked the laundry and gave the young man the required clothing. The Ancon Laundry is a member of the National Institute of Dry Cleaners and when there is doubt concerning payment of a customer's claim the garments are sent there for a decision. The laundry also belongs to the American Institute of Laundering where test pieces are sent annually to check the quality of the work. The Ancon Laundry takes care of the laundry for all Company-Government units such as hospitals, schools, service centers, and commissaries. Those huge heavy winter overcoats that seem incongruous hanging in a laundry in a tropical climate are cleaned regularly for the men who work in the refrigeration plant. Cleaning of graduation caps and gowns for the schools is a seasonal job, but gym suits and sports uniforms come regularly from both sides of the Isthmus. Seat covers from the Transportation Division, linens from the Panama Line, flags from all over the Canal Zone, and hospital laundry, from diapers to shrouds, are a few of the many items that eventually find their way to the Ancon Laundry. Mr. Griffith, who lives in Panama and who has been on his present job of Spotter and Cleaner for the last eight years, has been working at the laundry for 20 years. He was there three years before Mr. Yarbray was employed. Mr Yarbray, in his 17 years of service with the Canal organization, has risen from Foreman to Manager to Superintendent of Laundry and Dry Cleaning at the Ancon plant. Canal Zone Is Taking Precautions Prevent Spread Of Asiatic Flu To Because of the many direct lines of communication between the Far East and the Canal Zone, health authorities expect the introduction of the new type of influenza which has swept several Asiatic and Western Pacific areas. All ship boarding personnel of the Canal organization have been alerted to inquire specifically of responsible ship officers as to the possible occurence of the illness aboard vessels. Such precautionary measures as possible will be taken to prevent the spread of the disease on the Isthmus. While no cases had been reported in the Zone last month, news reports have indicated that the new type of influenza has already made its appearance in some European ports. July 5, 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 The disease has been reported to be mild with a low mortality rate, but Zone residents have been urged by health officials to take the same precautionary measures as normal against other types of influenza or upper respiratory diseases in event the new type makes its appearance on the Isthmus. The disease is caused by a variant of Type' A influenza virus and inoculations against the infection by existing vaccines are ineffective. While the Health Bureau is taking proper steps to identify the new type of influenza and prevent its spread, if reported here, it was stated that there is no cause for alarm unless the disease is more virulent than has been reported from most areas where it has appeared in epidemic form.


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS May 75 through June 75 Employees who were promotedjor transferred between May 15 and June 15 are listed below. Within-grade promotions are not reported. ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Mrs. Barbara J. Cunningham, from Accounting Clerk. Commissary Division, to Mail Clerk. Records Section. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Joseph W. Coffin, Jr., from Fire Sergeant to Fire Lieutenant. Fire Division. Charles A. McGlade, from Substitute Distribution Clerk to Window Clerk. Postal Division. Eugene Breakfield, from Window Clerk to Postal Clerk. Mail Delivery Unit, Postal Division. Charles E. Walsh, from Substitute Window Clerk 10 Window Clerk, Postal Division. Charles Morris, from Student Aid to Recreation Assistant, Division of Schools. Gerald J. Johnson, from Firefighter to I ire Sergeant, Fire Division. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Mrs. Margaret M. Nash, Accounting Clerk, from Commissary Division to Methods and Relict Staff, Accounting Division. Mrs. Bertha E. Hayes, Clerk-Typist. from Commissary Division to General Audit Division. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Olen A. Dietz, from Supervisory Maintenance Engineer to Superintendent, Cristobal field Office, Maintenance Division. Walter Wagner, from Power Dispatcher to Chief Dispatcher and Chief. Diesel Generation Station. Electrical Division. John R. Smith, from Supervisor, Generation and Transmission, to Chief, Power Branch, Electrical Division. Constant W. Chase, from Chief, Ela trical Work Branch, to Assistant Electrical Engineer and Chief, Electrical Work Branch, Electrical I livision. Herbert F. Paddock, from Chief Dispatcher and Chief, Diesel Generation Station, to Supervisor, Generation and Transmission, Electrical Division. Anthony R. Lombroia, from Lead Planing Mill Foreman to Lead Foreman Joiner, Maintenance Division. John L. Dougan, from Refrigeration ami Air Conditioning Mechanic and Plant Engineer to Industrial Equipment Repair hi II. Maintenance Division. John H. Childress, from Pumping Plant Operator II and Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Met hanic "> Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic and Plant Engineer, Maintenance I )ivision. Roy D. Reece, from Assi tan I Electrical Engineer to Electrical Engineer, Electrical Division. J. Bartley Smith, from Electrical Engineer, Electrical l>i\ ision, to Assistant to Project Engineer, Power Conversion Project. James R. Nellis, from Apprentice Armai onWindei to Armal ure \\ indei I '• Division. Burnice A. Herring, from Apprentice Wire-man to Wireman, Electrical Division Mrs. Edith H. Villanueva, Clerl from Division ol Sto Maintenance I livision. Mrs. Thelma M. Sasso, from Clerk-Typist to Clerk Stenographer, Mainten vision. Nellie F. Holgerson, Iron, Accounting Clerk to Clerk (Stenography), Maintenance I livision. Max M. Schoch, from Lead Foreman, Road Mainten. Hire. t: n. Road ( lonstrui lion, Mainti ion. Gerald L. Dare, fr t ronii Mecl ill >i\ ision. Robert F. Ausnehmer, from App trii al I livision. Donald W. Ryter, from Life Guard, Divito Student Assistant I dredging I livision. Boyd W. Ferry, from Foreman to Lead Foreman. Sheet metal Shop, Mail I livision. OFFICE OF THE OOVER.NOR-PRF.SI I >l N I Jim B. Hinkle, from Security Assistant to Supervisory.Security Specialist, Internal Security' Office. William E. LeBrun, front Security ant to Supervisory Personnel Security Specialist, Internal Security Office. Mrs. Aglaee M. Ortiz, from Interpreter (Stenography) to Translator (Stenography), Internal Security Office. Mrs. Shirley L. Cozens, from ClerkTypist to Clerk (Typing), Internal Security Office. HEALTH BUREAU Mrs. Bessie L. Heilman, from ClerkTypisl to Secretary I Typing). Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Eva F. Smith, from Clerk to Supervisory Clerk, Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Eva M. Harte, from Accounting Clerk. Commissary Division, to Storekeeping Clerk, Gorgas Hospital Mrs. Grace M. Pulley, Staff Nurse, from Coco Solo to Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Elizabeth I. Brown, from Clerk (Typing). Engineering Division, to Clerk, Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Lynda I. Bailey, from Clerk to Accounting Clerk. Coco Solo Hospital. MARINE BUREAU Thomas J. Ebdon, Jr., from Chief Locks Foreman I to Chief Locks Operations Foreman, Locks Division. Alfred Sternberg, from Substitute Window Clerk. Postal Division, to Guard, Locks Security Branch. Robert Webb, from Guard, Locks Security Branch, to Towing Locomotive Operator. Locks Overhaul. Arthur W. Smith, from Administrative Assistant, Health Bureau, to Supervisory Storekeeper (General), Locks Division. Daniel P. Kiley, from Wireman Foreman I to Control House Operator, Locks Division. Robert H. Edwards, from Wireman II to Wireman Foreman I. Locks Division. Samuel H. Rowley, Towboat Master, from Ferry Service to Navigation Division. Ralph Curies, from Towboat Master to Senior Towboat Master, Navigation Division. Hilton B. McPheters, from Heavy Equipment Operator. Division of Storehouses, to Towing Locomotive < Iperator, Pacific Locks. Nils W. Johnson, from Wireman Foreman to Control House Operator, Pacific Locks. William T. Craig, from Wireman to Wireman Foreman. Pacific Locks, L. D. Bowman, Jr., Rufus C. O'Neal, from Marine Traffic Controller to SuperMarine Traffic Controller, Navigo tion I)i\ ision. Carrie S. Miller, from I 'slier and Ticket Seller, Service Center Division, to Student Assistant Pacific Locks. John B. Spivey, from Instrument Repair ni in in I i uein. 111, < las \a\ igation Aids. Aids to Navigal ion Se Arnold J. Landreth, from Electrician Foreman I to Electrician Foreman II, Aids to ii in Se ii 'ii John C. Thompson, from Machinist and i .as Motor Craneman to Marine Machinist I. Aids to Navigation Section. Roy R. Shuey, from Motorboal M nine [eel > I Aids to Navigation Si Henry W. Frazier, from Ironworker to Icei II, Aids to Vi\ igation Karl T. Nebring, from I ead I Naviational Aids, Aids to \ tion, to I ou boat Masti >en ice. SUPPL1 IND EMPLOYES suum.i BURSA! Thomas G. Relihan, from Superintendent t General Produi ts Brant h, to Assist eral Manager, Commissar) and Service I titer I 'i\ ision. Mrs. Pauline Kaplan, from Supervisory tei Branch, to I iuesl I louse Aide, Tivoli i luesl 1 1 Mrs. Mary E. Evans, from Clerk-Typist k, Commissars I livision. James R. Shirley, I Manage ment Aid to administrative Assistant. I lousing an. I t Grounds I >i\ ision. Earl W. Sears, from Accounting Assist FROM CRISTOBAL Cristobal July 6 Ancon July 13 Cristobal July 24 Ancon July 31 FROM NEW YORK Ancon . ... July 5 Cristobal July 16 Ancon July 23 Southbound ships which leave New York Friday are in Haiti the following Tuesday. Those which sail tram New York Tuesday spend Saturday in Haiti. Northbound, the ships stop in Haiti two days altei clearing Cristobal; Monday lor those which sail from Cristobal Saturday, and Friday tor those which cleat Cristobal Wednesday. RETIREMENTS Retirement certificates were presented the end of June to the following employees who are listed alphabetically, togetl or with their birthplaces, titles, length of Canal service, ami future address) Reginald D. Armstrong, Ohio; Claims Clerk. Terminals Division; 31 years, 9 months. 2i days; Canal Zone for present. William F. Bartholomew, California; Chief Engineer, Dredge Mindi, Dredging Division; ii years, 9 months; Hot Springs, Ark. Arba E. Beck, Indiana; Superintendent. Terminals Division; 32 years, 1 month. 20 days: Florida. James C. Drawbaugh, Pennsylvania; Adding Machine Repairman, Industrial Division; IS years, 11 months, 14 days; Lemoyne, Pa. Zera K. Esler, Michigan; Window Clerk, Postal Division; IS years. 8 months, 1 day St. Petersburg Beach, Fla. Mrs. Anne M. Giavelli, North Carolina; Head Nurse, Corozal Hospital; 10 vears, 6 months, 9 days; Florida. John T. Glancy, Iowa; Chief ( Inspector. Cristobal; 29 years, 8 months, 16 days; Mountain View, Ark. Juan Hidalgo, Chile; Signalman, Navigation Division; 34 years, 11 month7 days Panama. R. de P. Alfred LeClerc, Canada: Planing Mill Hand, Industrial Division; IS years 17 da\ s; Massachuset ts. Mrs. lone M. Newland, Iowa: Cargo Clerk, Terminals Division; 16 years, 3 months, 26 days; Springfield. Mo. William L. Russon, Ohio; Chief Engineer, Dredge Cascadas; 31 years, 10 months, 1 daj s. future plans uncertain. Thomas F. Sullivan, New Yorl I. Foreman Painter, Aids to Navigati tion, Marine Bureau; ."' years 9 months 28 days; Florida. Emmett Zemer, Mississippi; Safety Inspector, Supply and Emplo; reau; 43 years, 1 I months, 21 >l\; I /one. ant to Administrative Assistant, Housing ni' I ( r rounds I >i\ ision. TRANSPORTATION \ni> IIKMIWIs Bl Kl \l Wallace E. Gibson, from Property and Suppl) Clerk. Commissary I >i\ i 'ik. terminals Division. Vincent J. Gonzalez, lion, Boatbuilder, Industrial I >i\ ision, to Liquid 1 tie Marine BunkeIII IIKR PROMOTIONS Promotions whit h did not involvi in title follow : William H. DeVore, Ac. mini. int. Report ing and Spet ial \na]\ sis Si, ill V i ing I >i\ ision. Mrs. Maxene A. LaBeau. I rapher. Wage and Classification Division Mrs. Ruth C. Dwelle, Stenograpl o/al I lospital Mrs. Norma C. Belland, Supervisor) Clerk i Medical Records), Coco Solo Hos Mrs. Anita B. Collins, Clerk. Coco Solo I lospital THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 5,1957


ANNIVERSARIES Paul M. Disharoon and Arba E. Beck, top men on the June list of anniversaries, either .ire, <>r are about to be ex-employees. Mr. Disharoon, who completed 40 \ ol Govern men) service last month, is retiring the end of this month and will leave July 31 to return to his birthplace, Cape Charles, \ a Mr Beck retired the end of June from his post as Superintendent ol the Terminals Division. But, take them one at a time: Paul Martin Disharoon is a thorough Dredging Division man; all of his service has been with that Outfit, although it has sometimes taken him away from the Isthmus. In 1941. when the pipeline suction dredge Mtndt was under construction, lie spent considerable time in the States, as its future Chief Engineer, watching the assembly of its machinery. And. when it was completed, he was one of several Zonians who rode it back to the Canal Zone through waters which at that time. 1943, were alive with enemy submarines. A Navy veteran of World War I, he served with the Army Transport Service and later as engineer aboard the Panama Line collier Ulysses before he came here in January 1924, to serve as a Dredging Division engineer. He has worked on all sorts of equipment and is now Chief Engineer of the floating crane Hercules. In his spare time, he is one of the Zone's top trapshooters. Mr. and Mrs. Disharoon live in Gamboa; their only son, Paul, Jr., who works for the Industrial Division, lives in Margarita. 35 YEARS When Arba E. Beck — everyone calls him Earl — retired the end of June, he had behind him 35 years and 14 days of Government service, and all but a few months of his service with the Canal were with the Terminals Division or its predecessors. Born in Boone County, Iowa, he came to the Canal Zone with the Army and was serving at Fort DeLesseps when he left the service in 1925 to become a clerk in the Receiving and Forwarding Agency. Late that year, he was transferred for about sixmonths to the Commissary Division, but that is the only break in his R.&.F.A.Terminals Division career. There are few things about handling cargo, his associates say, that Earl Beck didn't know. He served successively as clerk, cargo clerk, stevedore foreman, head and chief stevedore foreman, pier superintendent, and, since 1952, was Superintendent of the Division. 30 YEARS What's the highest hill in the Canal Zone? Which direction does the Pequeni River run? Ask Rodney Ely, who has been a Zonian for 30 years, all of that time with the Surveys Branch which he has headed since 1940. Mr. Ely comes from Centerbrook, Conn., but was working in Erie, Pa., when he joined the Canal service as a surveyor. Successive promotions took him up through the ranks to the top job. There are few parts of the Isthmus he doesn't know; almost 20 years ago he helped on a survey for a trans-Isthmian road and others have taken him from the upper watershed of Madden Lake to almost anywhere else, north and south, one can name. 25 YEARS June's quartet of quarter-century employees was split 50-50 between those who have continuous Canal service and those whose service was broken. Both of the continuous service men, Walter Francis Allen and Camillus T. Askew, have unbroken service not only with the Canal organization but with their respective divisions as well. Mr. Allen, chauffeur for the official car used by the President of the Panama Canal Company, is more familiary known as the "Governor's chauffeur." He is carried on the rolls of the Motor Transportation Division but spends his working hours behind the wheel of the big black Chrysler Crown Imperial which carries the Governor on official business. Mr. Askew, Chief Operator on the pipeline suction dredge Mindi, has never worked What 1 Why, "sopa borracha!" Flip Schulke, photo reporter for Black Starr, takes aim as Mrs. J. Bartley Smith of Diablo pulls the sponge cake from the oven. Newspaper readers all over the United States will soon learn how a Panamanian wedding feast is prepared. Last month Flip Schulke, a photoreporter for Black Starr working on assignment for This Week Magazine, spent a few hectic hours in the Canal Zone watching and photographing one of the Isthmus' best cooks. His subject was Mrs. J. Bartley Smith of Diablo Heights. The former Mercedes Alegre, she is known from one end of the Isthmus to the other for her skill in cooking both native dishes and others as well. In addition to demonstrating how to make sopa borracha, the famed Panamanian wedding cake, she was photographed as she turned out arroz con polio and a salad of pineapples and mangoes. This Week Magazine is a syndicated Sunday magazine section, carried by a long list of United States newspapers from coast to coast. It is published in New York City. for any other Company-Government unit beside the Dredging Division. June's other two 25-year employees are Samuel Cohen, Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk in the Payroll Branch, and Herman H. Keepers, Head Electrical Maintenance Foreman for the Aids to Navigation Section. Mr. Cohen was born in Philadelphia. Mr. Keepers, who is a second generation employee — his father, William, worked for the Locks Division — was born in Colon Hospital. 20 YEARS A variety of jobs is held by the half dozen employees, all men this month, who rounded out 20 years of Government service in June. Robert A. Allan, who was born in St. Louis, is a Pilot. Charles E. Belden, born in Ancon Hospital, is an Accountant in the General Ledgers and Processing Branch. Joaquin Benavides, who comes from Managua, Nicaragua, is a General Medical Technician at the Board of Health Laboratory. Richard C. Hogan, a native Iowan, is a Window Clerk at the Coco Solo Post Office. Robert L. Knapp, another native Zonian — he was born in Cristobal — is a Towing Locomotive Operator with the Pacific Locks. And Henry L. McElhone, Jr., whose hometown is Philadelphia, is Planner and Estimator for the Industrial Division. Mr. Allan, Mr. Benavides, Mr. Hogan, and Mr. McElhone have unbroken service. 15 YEARS Fourteen divisions of the Company-Government are represented by the 22 employees who completed 15 years of Government service in June. These same 22 employees come from 16 different States, plus the Canal Zone and Canada. The Navigation Division and the Terminals Division each hadthree 15-yearpeople in June; the Electrical, Industrial, Locks, and Police Divisions had two each, and the July 5, 1957 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW remainder came from the following: Accounting, Aids to Navigation, Commissary, Dredging, Fire, Housing and Grounds, Hospital and Clinics, and Veterinary Medicine. The 15-year employees whose Canal service is continuous are: George C. Anderson, New York, Policeman, Police Division; Robert J. Boatwright, Florida, Machinist, Pacific Locks; John S. Catanzaro, Illinois, Third Assistant Marine Engineer, U. S. Taboga; Arthur C. Cherry, Illinois, Towboat Master, Navigation Division; Harold L. Conrad, California, Liquid Fuels Ganger, Terminals Division, Philip A. Downs, Massachusetts, Electrical Instrument Repairman. Electrical Division; Gerald R. Fruth, Ohio, Supervisory Accounting Assistant and Relief Train Collector, Terminals Division; Genova J. Gibbs, Georgia, Machinist Foreman, Pacific Locks; Alfred LeClerc (he also retired in June), Canada, Planing Mill Hand, Industrial Division. William J. Park, New York, Policeman, Police Division; William K. Price, Oklahoma, Lead Dock Foreman, Navigation Division; Virginia E. Sigfrid, Minnesota, Accounting Clerk, Commissary Division; Arthur M. Streams, Pennsylvania, Armature Winder, Electrical Division, and Preston M. Trim, Jr., Marine Traffic Controller, Navigation Division. Fifteen-year employees whose service is broken are: Anita B. Collins, Ancon, Clerk, AtlanticMedical Clinic; Richard H. Egolf, Colon, Accountant, Accounting Division; Robert G. Haynes, Kentucky, Combination Welder, Dredging Division; Frances B. Jones, Wisconsin, Accounting Clerk, Terminals Division; John W. Litton, Virginia, Machinist, Industrial Division; James A. Lowe, North Carolina, Fire Sergeant, Fire Division; James J. McDade, Jr., New Jersey, Housing Maintenance Supervisor, Housing and Grounds Division; and Robert U. Schultz, Colon, Food Inspector, Division of Veterinary Medicine.


CANAL TRAFFIC SETS NEW RECORD FOR FISCAL YEAR Hi Southbound, May 31, 1957 More ships went from ocean to ocean r* • j. • through the Panama Canal during the KejUVeildtlOtl past year than in any year of the waterway's history. When the last lock-gate closed behind the last-transiting ship on Sunday night, a total of 8,579 ocean-going commercial Is of 300 tons or over had made the Panama Canal transit. The all-time record for transiting ships of that category 8,209 large commercial craft was set last year. This record was broken on June 16. After that, everything went toward piling up a newer and bigger record to be broken, possibly, in future years. At the time this i-sue of THE REVIEW went to press, the tolls and cargo tonnage totals had not been compiled, but these also were expected to set new highs. The fiscal year was marked by consistently high traffic The highest traffic of the year was that of last March when -mark was exceeded for the first time. March's large commercial transits totaled 808. The lightest month of the year was September, with 646 large ocean-going commercial ships. For six of the 1months, traffic ranged from 646 to 699; for five other months, traffic was in the 700-monthly bracket, and in one month, March, the transit total, for the large commercial ships, was over 800. Enviable Record Is Set By Panama Line's Ancon A record which any unit of the Canal organization could be proud to set, was established by the Panama liner Ancon on a round trip last month. The record: Only two out of more than _'i ii i passengers found anything unsatisfactory about its a ice, food, and officers, and each had only one complaint. That is two out of nearly 10,000 possible answers contained in this number cf questionnaires. The great maj replies showed an "excellent" rating in all or most of the categories. The questionnaires are being distributed to all passengers on the Panama i i determine what may be done to improve the service or to correct any defects. The plan was instituted last month and will be continued until the Line': ;i good cros of opinion of its customers. The returns from the Ancon were the first red ived. In a message on the questionnaire forms, L. A. Ferguson, General Manager says: "We of the Panama Line cerely interested in assuring OUT : gers the maximum in comfort and the best in treatment while aboard our vessels. In order that we may get your opinion, we would appreciate your suggestions or comme Passengei's are asked to rate I lent, good, or unsatisfactory, the stewards, ship'officers, and the quality, quantity, preparation, and variety of fond. So that passengers may feel pergive honest opinions, they are not asked to sign then seal their questionnaires. Northbound, April 6, 1956 rC^^cvi =irt TRANSITS BY 0(3 VN-GOING VESSELS IN MAY 1956 Commercial 703 783 U. S. Govt rnmenl 25 24 Total 28 MIT TOl 1 S Commercial 558,185 U.S.Government in 80,307 Total 638,492 going anil small. loi'M < \!<(.() IONS Commercial 1,048,089 1,588,311 U.S.Governmenl 127,731 T^.m 1,175,820 1,6 What can be done in a little more than a year with $.'0 million is shown than words can tell, in the two pictures appearing on this page. When the MaUonia, now 25 years old, went northbound through the Canal in April 1956, she was a rusty "dead" ship; five Panama Canal tugs working in relays took her through the Canal. Southbound, the gleaming white, rejuvenated, rebuilt MaUonia had a completely new look and is now considered by her owners to be one of thi' best-fitted luxury liners afloat. She cleared from Balboa on June I and is now on the California to Hawaii run for the Matson Line, supplementing the famed Lurlinc. The Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company in Virginia worked the amazing transformation on the 604foot VI 16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 5,1957

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