Panama Canal review

Material Information

Panama Canal review
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
March 1954
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
23584335 ( ALEPH )

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Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol


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Gift of the Panama Canal (fitushaf.l $lQj THE ' Vol. 4, No. 8 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, MARCH 5, 1954 5 cents QUARTERS REPLACEMENT PROGRAM NEARING CLOSE; BIDS FOR RIDGE ROAD HOUSES OPENED THIS WEEK Floating Airport BIGGEST SHIP EVER to dock in Balboa is the U. S. Aircraft Carrier Franklin D. Booievlt. The 45,000-ton, 968-foot long carrier dwarfed the piers and docks in Balboa harbor. Too big to transit the Canal, she went around Cape Horn to reach the U. S. West Coast. She has a 113-foot beam. GOETHALS MEMORIAL ROUSE INTEREST DEDICATION PLANS HERE AND IN STATES Growing interest and enthusiasm is being displayed in the plans for the dedication of the monument in Balboa which honors Maj. Gen. George Washington Goethals, known to millions of Americans as "The Canal Builder" and to thousands of Canal oldtimers as "The Colonel." Final plans are being rapidly formulated for an extensive program in keeping with the significance of the occasion and the Canal's international role. Enthusiastic response for the observance honoring one of the great men of the Panama Canal's history is being received from the major units of the Canal organization, from oldtimers of the Goethals era, and from civic and fraternal groups. The schedule of events will extend through the entire week in which the Goethals Memorial will be dedicated. These will be planned primarily for the interest and enjoyment of the men and women who worked for the Canal while the "Big Ditch" was still being dug. March 31 Is Dedication Date The date of the dedicatory services which will be held at the monument at the foot of the Administration Building steps has been moved forward one day. They will be held March 31 instead of April 1 as originally announced. The change, approved by the Goethals Memorial Commission, was made primarily because the earlier date will be more convenient for visitors from the United States planning to return that week on the Panama Line. In a memorandum addressed to Bureau Directors, Governor Seybold has requested all Canal bureaus and divisions to participate actively in making plans for the dedication. The Governor has also appointed a General Committee to take charge of planning and organizing the dedicatory program and events incidental to the dedication. William G. Arey, Jr., Public Relations Director, is Chairman of the General Committee, and members are Lt. Col. David S. Parker, Military Assistant to the Governor; F. G. Dunsmoor, Administrative Assistant to the Governor; Arthur J. O'Leary, Chief of the Accounting Division; Philip S. Thornton, Acting General Manager of the Clubhouse Division; and Fred DeV. Sill, former Director of Admeasurement, representing retired Canal employees. The dedication program will be a daytime event and the exact hour for the program will be announced (See page 15) Old Houses In Ancon Scheduled For Razing Early In Coming Year The opening of bids this week for the construction of seventeen Type 337 houses in the Ridge Road area of Balboa Heights was one of the final steps to be taken in the Canal's long-range housing replacement program which began four years ago. Quarters construction for the coming fiscal year will complete the program. Next year's program calls for the replacement of the older quarters in the AnconBalboa area with 40 family apartments at an estimated cost of approximately $1,000,000. No more assignments are to be made for the quarters scheduled for demolition. These include the remaining 4-family houses in Balboa Flats and all of the houses built during the Canal construction period in Ancon. Most of the Ancon houses are located on Ancon Boulevard, Mindi Street, Bohio Place, Cascadas Road, Porto Bello Street, Culebra Road, and Colombia Road. All of the 1907-1914 houses on these streets are scheduled for demolition by early in the coming calendar year; residents there will soon receive notices to vacate their quarters. This last demolition program will approximately coincide with the completion of new quarters in the Balboa Flats and on Ridge Road. "Mother-in-Law" Houses The new houses to be built in the Ridge Road area are of the type which has proved to be one of the most popular of any erected in the long-range housing replacement program. This type has been popularly designated as the "motherin-law" house because one bedroom and bath is isolated across the patio from the other two bedrooms. The floor plan and a picture of one of the new houses is carried in this issue of The Review. Several of these houses were recently completed in the Corozal area and two were built in Empire Street. The Ridge Road development will require a considerable amount of grading since the top part of the Ancon Hill spur along which Ridge Road runs will be flattened out to provide building sites on both sides of the (See page iSi


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 Forum On Operations Of Local Rate Stores Requested At Meeting A request for a forum on operations of local-rate commissaries was presented at the February meeting of Governor Seybold with representatives of local-rate civic councils. The proposal was suggested by Mrs. Hilda Butcher, representing the Santa Cruz General Committee. It was termed "an excellent idea" by the Governor who said that he would discuss the matter with the Supply and Service Director. The idea was suggested by Mrs. Butcher in view of the success which attended a forum on U. S.-rate commissary stores held last August. She pointed out there are many problems in the operation of the local-rate stores which representatives of various employee groups would like to discuss with Commissary officials. The February meeting, third of the GovernorLocal Rate Community Conferences on local-rate civic problems, was featured by an expression of thanks to Governor Seybold and other Canal administration officials for assistance in the organization of the civic councils. Governor Thanked Speaking on behalf of the temporary General Committee which organized the civic councils in the various local-rate towns, Harold W. Williams of the Rainbow City Council, expressed appreciation for help in launching the civic councils and providing for the monthly conferences. He mentioned specifically the help given by Norman F. Johnson, Employee and Labor Relations Officer. "The new officers are now being elected to the permanent General Committee and this no doubt will be our last meeting with you," Mr. Williams told the Governor. "We want you to know how much we appreciate all that has been done. Many of the activities and work suggested by the civic councils at these conferences are underway. We would like to thank you for the consideration you have given to any and all questions we have presented no matter how large or small. We feel these conferences are sarving a very good purpose both for the administration and the various communities." ( rovemor Seybold, while expressing his thanks for the words of appreciation, said that the members of the temporary I leneral Committee could take the laurels for successfully launching the civic councils. "I know how hard all of you people have worked on getting your councils organized and in good working order," the Governor said. "I knew you could do it after you were once shown how to go about it. I am certain that the leadership you people leave behind you will be greatly appreciated by those who follow, and you folks deserve a great deal of credit and congratulations on how well this has all been handled." Current Problems The February meeting was featured chiefly by a discussion of general community problems of the various towns. Under the heading of new business, Governor Seybold called attention to the Fire And Explosion Aboard "Lisholt" One Of Worst Canal Zone Disasters CHARRED WALLS, ruined lounge furniture and an abandoned pair of a woman passenger's shoes are mute evidence of the fire which gutted the Norwegian ship Lishnlt in Balboa February ti. The fire and explosion aboard the Norwegian freighter Lisholt in Balboa last month was one of the worst ship disasters ever to occur in Canal Zone waters. Four Canal employees lost their lives and 13 others were seriously burned. The explosion took place about 12 hours after the 5,651-ton vessel was damaged by fire while it was tied up at Pier 6 in Balboa. Canal firemen fought the blaze for several hours and it was almost dawn before the fire was extinguished. Late that afternoon a party of firemen and chemists went aboard the Lisholt for a check. The explosion occurred when the door to a refrigeration room was opened. The cargo of soybeans which the Lisholt was carrying was removed and the damaged ship towed through the Canal for emergency repairs at the Industrial Division shops at Mount Hope. Canal personnel were commended for their action in the disaster. To Health Bureau personnel, for instance, went a "sincere 'thanks and well done' from the Governor and Lieutenant Governor while Capt F. A. Munroe, Jr., Marine Director, told his people that the "courage, initiative, interest, and determination displayed were in keeping with the highest tradition of the Panama Canal." The tragic marine disaster took place just a month to a day after one of the worst air accidents in the history of the Canal Zone. Seven men were killed and a number of others injured January 6 near France Air Force Base in the crash of a Navy patrol plane. change from a quarterly to a monthly issue of local-rate identification-privilege cards. He explained the reasons for the change back to the former system, effective with the issue of March I-P cards, and cautioned Civic Council members to warn people in their communities not to lose their cards. The new monthly cards can be replaced if reported to the Contraband Control Section during the first half of the month but will not be replaced during the latter half. The Civic Council representatives were told in reply to inquiries from Ellis L. Fawcett that: Consideration is being given to installing a swimming pool at Paraiso; tentative plans are being made for space in the new Paraiso Clubhouse for a first-aid station, postoffice, barber shop, beauty shop, a small public meeting room, and perhaps an office for the Federal Credit Union; recreational facilities are to be expanded there; but no public funds are available to aid the Summer Recreation Program there or in other Canal Zone communities. Governor Seybold announced to the conference members that local-rate employees required to move because of the transfer of activities from one side of the Isthmus to the other may retain quarters for 30 days after their transfer in all cases when offered new assignments; and until the fiscal year ending June 30, for all others. Quarters, Garages When a request was made for a reconsideration of the quarters assignment policy, the Governor said that he realizes that moves, such as the proposed transfer of cold storage facilities to the Pacific side, create many personnel problems. However, he said, it is a matter that sufficient housing is not available to accommodate all when such transfers are made. The Governor promised a study of the question of garages in the principal localrate towns. This followed a request for the CDnstruction of garages to be rented to residents at Paraiso, which was seconded at the meeting by Council members from other towns. Other actions taken at the February meeting included: A report on resurfacing of certain streets and removal of traffic hazards in Paraiso; a request to permit busses to stop outside of regular stops in La Boca which was turned down; an announcement that (See page IS)


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Clubhouse Financing Still Being Studied, Con ferees Are Told Questions raised by the Pacific Civic Council representatives regarding financing of clubhouse activities are still being studied, Gov. J. S. Seybold told Civic Council delegates at the February Shirtsleeve Conference. C. W. Chase, Pacific Council president, had submitted a number of questions, most of which asked why under his understanding, employees, indirectly, paid interest and depreciation on clubhouse units built years ago from clubhouse funds. Cited as examples were the Balboa Theater, some bowling alleys, and Mount Hope stadium's lighting system. The clubhouse financing was one of a number of matters discussed at the conference, one of the shortest ever held. Under the heading of unfinished business, the Governor reported: The pest mosquitoes which were complained of in Pedro Miguel are subaquatic breeders in lakes and rivers, for which control is difficult. The Pedro Miguel garbage dump is covered daily, except for two days, and on these occasions dump material is buried immediately the following morning. This prevents mosquitoes from breeding in the garbage. Inventory records show that the Pedro Miguel commissary carries a large stock of groceries and cold storage items in relation to the volume of business. Ambulance Calls An average of two or three calls for ambulance is received daily at the Gorgas Medical Center; Atlantic skiers call the central medical number for ambulance service because the center, knowing the whereabouts of all Health Bureau equipment, is in the best position to dispatch most promptly the nearest and most available ambulance. Prescriptions issued by licensed physicians and surgeons in Panama are honored at Gorgas and Colon Hospital pharmacies when presented by eligible persons; some items, such as alcohol, poisons, and narcotics, are not available on prescriptions from sources other than the Zone. Under new business the Governor said: Moving from one apartment to another in Pedro Miguel, by employees presently residing in that section, may be done under conditions mutually acceptable to the resident and the Acting Community Services Director. In general, the criteria will be governed by the employee's desire and the cost of preparation and operation of the respective apartments to the Company. The charge of $1 monthly for covered parking space at the corral was discontinued February 1. Food prices apparently are remaining fairly steady in Canal commissaries. The cost of 103 commonly stocked grocery items (the list was prepared by a Pacific Civic Council member) was $131.43 last October 28. Monthly reports on this list show: $12S.84 on November 30; $124.87 on December 30; and $125.02 on January 31. Radio Census During the conference, Mrs. Andrew Bleakley of the Cristobal-Margarita Council asked whether the administration had Hospital Book Service Starts As Red Cross Campaign Begins A MOBILE LIBRARY went into operation at Gorgas Hospital this week. Here, Mrs. Benjamin Birdsall, chairman of Gorgas Hospital Gray Ladies, and Mrs. Elmer Abbott, who will serve as librarian for the book cart, bring reading material to two Gorgas Hospital patients. A circulating library for the use of patients at Gorgas Hospital was inaugurated last Monday, coincidental with the beginning of this year's Red Cross drive in the Canal Zone. Just as many people are working to make this year's fund campaign for $25,000 an overwhelming success, so are many cooperating in the "Book Cart" service at the hospital. The request for a circulating library at the hospital was made by Col. Howard W. Doan, Gorgas Hospital Superintendent, to Mrs. Edward Doolan, Chairman of the Volunteer Services for the Canal Zone Chapter of the American Red Cross. Mrs. Doolan turned to Mrs. Brodie Burnham, Canal Zone Librarian, who had for some time been eager to inaugurate such a service but had been prevented by limited funds and personnel. Books from Library The outcome of their conference was information on a man purporting to be either from a radio station or from the Panama Census Bureau who was calling at employees' quarters in New Cristobal. Residents, she said, had heard reports of a plan to tax radios. The matter will be investigated. G. G. Thomas, Gatun president, reported difficulties of a woman who wanted to donate blood at the time of the LishoU fire and explosion and was unable for many hours to reach the proper person. He suggested that any appeal for blood donors should include a telephone number which might be called. A statement that the Pacific Civic Council cannot sponsor this year's July 4 celebration led to a general discussion of such activities, with various councilman reporting on how such celebrations are handled in their communities. The Governor said that the forthcoming dedication of the Goethals Memorial would be a large community affair, but promised to give the July 4 activities further thought. Norman Johnson, Employee and Labor Relations Office, asked {See page 15) a plan whereby the Library provided a starter group of about 200 books, set aside for the hospital service. They include about 50 mysteries, a group of westerns, about 75 popular novels, a few volumes of cartoons, books of games, several volumes of poetry, and some serious nonfiction. Most of the books are in English but there are a few volumes in languages other than English — Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, French — for hospitalized seamen or other non-English speaking patients. There are about 35 children's books in the collection. Mrs. Elmer Abbott, a Red Cross Gray Lady of a number of years standing, is the hospital librarian. Three times each week she or one of her assistants will load about 50 of the books onto a small truck built at the hospital by Neil Heitman and Pierre Gibbs and take them through the wards. One of Many While the book service is the latest offered by the Canal Zone Chapter of the American Red Cross it is only one of the chapter's many activities. Other Red Cross functions, in addition to the everreadiness of the organization for emergencies, include: A canteen service for transiting troops, entertainment and sightseeing for children migrating from Europe to Australia and New Zealand; a home service unit which furnishes basic food items for indigent old people; first aid classes and a water safety program; the Gray Lady services; aid for military or civilian families stranded for lack of funds; and a steady supply of books and magazines for transiting ships. Chairman of this year's Red Cross drive is C. W. Kilbey, Assistant to the General Manager of the Clubhouse Division. Charles A. Dubbs, Director of Secondary Education for the Canal Zone Schools, is vice chairman of this year's campaign. The Atlantic side overall chairman is A. E. Beck, Superintendent of the Terminals Division, while Stanley E. Loney, Clubhouse Division, is General Chairman for local-rate solicitation.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 FOR YOUR A INTEREST AND JLML GUIDANCE £-£ >& CCIDENT PREVENTION u An Attitude Can Be Fatal If you saw a man in the middle of the road on his hands and knees you wouldn't necessarily be convinced that he was intoxicated — but if you saw he was trying to roll up the painted center line stripe, you probably would decide that if he weren't intoxicated, he must be crazy. Such action might be described as an example of human failure— caused by a wrong attitude. In this case, since the man really wasn't crazy, the wrong attitude was brought by drink. Much may be said about attitudes and accidents. In fact many events which are called "accidents" because the word is such a pat alibi are in fact human failures brought about by wrong or improper attitudes. However, the word HONOR ROLL Bureau Award For BEST RECORD JANUARY COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Community Services 1 Civil Affairs Engineering and Construction Health Marine -Transportation and Terminals Supply and Service Division Award For NO DISABLING INJURIES JANUARY AIDS TO NAVIGATION CLUBHOUSE DIVISION STOREHOUSES DIVISION GROUNDS MAINTENANCE DIVISION MOTOR TRANSPORTATION DIVISION SANITATION DIVISION AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR WORKING DAZE AND COMPANY "The overhead is really raising hob with our profits!" N/UIONM SAFH1 COUNC : accident has been around a very long time and no doubt will still be here after we're gone. Frequently the word is dressed up a little, especially by newspapers, by adding the work "freak." Remember the times you have read in the papers about the "freak accident" that killed or maimed someone or caused a lot of property damage? To many people the word accident implies that the event was an unfortunate happening beyond human prevention, which in itself is a wrong attitude. There is no better accident preventive than the development of a right attitude but human nature, being what it is, cannot be changed at the drop of a hat. We think that you will agree when we say that a person with a right attitude is a courteous, considerate, and respecterof-rights sort of a person. The driver who waits for you to cross the street, the pedestrian who waits for you to drive past, the neighbor who helps you when in trouble, the coworker who gives you a lift on a heavy load, the buddy who loans you a ten-spot when you're caught short — all of these acts reveal attitudes. Then there is the driver who blasts his way through a busy intersection with his horn, the pedestrian who deliberately steps out in the street right in front of you and nonchalantly strolls across the street in his own little pedestrian lane while you burn up $1.49 worth of rubber and brake lining making a stop to avoid hitting him, and the neighbor who says I wouldn't pour water on him if he were on fire— those acts also reveal attitudes. You can be certain that attitude has more to do with your getting into trouble than any other cause — except maybe ignorance, which is something a lot easier to change than attitude. Ignorance and even stupidity can be cured if the attitude is right, but if the attitude is wrong, believe me, you've got yourself a project. We can only nibble at the edges of attitude — and hope. We know of no magic formula to correct an attitude. It is something that comes from within. It had to be planted there in the beginning. But if it is there it can be induced to grow and the one person who can do the most to cultivate a right attitude is you. When Mom says "I want to move into a new house" and Dad says "I like it here," you have a couple of attitudes, one of which is leading to a human failure, because of a wrong attitude. May the better man win. JANUARY 1954 Community Services Bureau Health Bureau C. Z. Govl.-Pan. Can. Co. ( This Month) C. Z. Govl.-Pan. Can. Co ( Last 3-Year Aver.) Marine Bureau Supply and Service Bureau Engineering and Construction Bureau Transportation and Terminals Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau l Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked ( Frequency Rate) 10 20 30 40 1 1 11 in£Y : 'v-'Vj'J 13 ^ : ;-:-:-'--.-'>:-^ SSSftSKSSSS Aids to Navigation Clubhouse Grounds Maintenance M otor Transportation Sanitation. Storehouses Commissary Dredging Electrical Hospitalization and Clinics Number of Disabling Injuries... 31 Industrial Locks r Maintenance Navigation £ Railroad. Terminals F' : ^ : : :':''i Amimulative Frequency Rate This Year 15 16 SRSSSS^ ffiftrSrV 1 1 10 20 30 40 50 Man-Hours Worked 2.326.147 LEGEND Amount Better Than Canal Zone Government — Panama Canal Company Last 3Year Average Amount Worse Than Canal Zone Government. — Panama Canal Company Last 3-Year Average


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Famed Authority As Paradise Describes Panama For Ornithologists The Isthmus of Panama, according to Dr. Alexander Wetmore, is an ornithologist's paradise. There are more different species of birds in Panama than in all of North America north of Mexico, he told The Panama Canal Review. Of Panama's approximately 1,200 kinds, between 400 and 450 are found in the Canal Zone. Dr. Wetmore is a voice of recognized authority on birds and bird lore. Since he was seven years old the tall, lanky, and completely charming biologist has been fascinated by birds and bird life, and has devoted as much of his busy life as possible to studying birds and their habits. He has written of birds in South America, Central America, and the West Indies; he has made more than a dozen lengthy field trips to Panama; he spent six weeks in January and early February this year in the Venezuelan territory of Amazonas where the party with which he was working "happened upon" a 7,000foot mountain not shown on any map and previously unknown apparently to any but the native Indians; and he has headed ornithological expeditions in the Pacific and Spain, among other places. Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution for 19 years and its Secretary for eight, he is happy now to be away from the administrative work which tied him down to a desk and free once again to prowl highways and byways on the lookout for the vast number of unclassified birds which he knows can be found by someone who knows where to look and what to look for. Ten Trips Here At the present time Dr. Wetmore and his wife are in Chiriqui, on the tenth field trip he has made to Panama. Out of these trips— and future trips, he hopes— will come a book on the birds of Panama, but for that he is not yet ready. He is collecting birds for the National Museum in Washington and taking his own blackand-white photographs as he goes along. Although he has visitsd Panama every year except one sines 1944 and although he has covered much of the Republic's 28,000 square miles, Dr. Wetmore is still finding what he calls "bird forms which have been unrecognized scientifically." Two years ago he classified several such forms' on Taboga Island. Surprisingly, they were related to known species from the Pearl Islands some 40 miles away and not to species on the comparatively nearby mainland. Just how and when birds came to the Isthmus of Panama, Dr. Wetmore says, is a matter for scientific speculation. Before what geologists know as the Ice Age, when the world was in the Tertiary Period, South America was an island. North American and Asian fauna had a passage-way through what is now the Bering Sea in those days when the climate was much milder, well into the Arctic circle, than it is today. Each continental group had its own forms of life. Land Bridge About a million years ago — to a scientist a million years is a fairly brief span of time— the Isthmus of Panama was formed. Birds and animals from the northern continent crossed the new land bridge into South America and the South American species went north. Or so scientists infer. Dr. ALKVAMJKK WETiUUKE The Canal Zone, being as it is the low point of the Isthmus of Panama, is the natural dividing point between the mountain systems of North and South America and the dividing point for the bird forms of the two continents. Consequently birds found in Chiriqui may not necessarily be found in Darien, although each is as truly Panamanian as the other. Scientists d?plore generalizations and like to say: "All generalizations are false, including this one." All of which means that there are exceptions to everything. Birds peculiar to one section may suddenly and inexplicably, Dr. Wetmore says, turn up in another area. One species of mocking bird native to Colombia is now common in Panama Possibly it could have been brought in as a caged bird. However it came, it is now seen in many sections of the Canal Zone. -.Canal Zonians who want to learn more about the birds which live here are fortunate if they are able to find a copy of Bertha B. Sturgis' book, Birds of the Panama Canal Zone, Dr. Wetmore savs. The book has been out of print for some time but is found occasionally in secondhand book stores and a number of copies are available at the Canal Zone library. He considers the work an excellent one. Bird Watching A novice at bird lore can, he says, attract to his home a good many species of the more common birds— and an occasional unusual one— if he sets up a bird feeding stand and keeps it supplied with wet bread, fruit, and water, important at this time of the year. Such a tray should attract the more common forms of tanagers, blue, gray, and red, the big brown robins, the peacock-feathered, red-legged honeycreepers, the little yellow and black birds called "picogordos," and the crested ant shrikes, the males of which are barred like Plymouth rock chickens, and which incidentally are not found north of Mexico. If he is fortunate he may even be able to watch the antics of the blue-black grassquits which spend their waking hours sitting on a fence, or something of the sort, making sudden and repeated vertical flights a yard or so into the air, and settling down just about where they started from, all for the edification of demurely-colored females of the species. Private Zoo With all of his exploration of bird life here, there is no Panama bird which has be?n named for Dr. Wetmore. In a section of his card file, back home in Washington, he has what he calls the Wetmore private zoo. These cards list newly discovered species of one thing or another which his scientific friends have named for him. There is a louse and a cactus, a bat and a flea, two or three lizards, a fish, half a dozen birds from various countries, some fossil birds, a shell or two and even a glacier— which he has never seen— on Palmer Peninsula in the Antartic. But to date there is no Panama bird wetmoriensis. Possibly some day someone will find a new species and honor the ornithologist by giving it his name. Then it will hold an honored place in the card catalogue of the Wetmore private zoo. SENATE VISITORS MEMBERS OF THE Senate Appropriations Committee learned some of the intricacies of operating the Panama Canal Locks during their visit to the Canal Zone early last month on an official business hip. The four Senators spent three days here to familiarize themselves with conditions preparatory to hearings on Canal appropriations for the coming fiscal year. In the picture above taken during their visit to Miraflores Locks, left to right, are: Governor Seybold; Kenneth Bousquet, Clerk of the Appropriations Committee; Senator Allen J. Ellender, Democrat, of Louisiana; Senator Milton R. Young, Republican, of South Dakota; Senator Henry C. Dworshak, Republican, of Idaho, Senator John L. McClelian, Democrat, of Arkansas; and Col. C. J. Hauck, Jr., escort officer for the trip.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 GATUN LOCKS' NEW vehicular crossing was assembled on land before it was set in place across the northern end of the locks. The swing-span bridge replaces the sea-gate spans on which vehicular traffic has crossed the locks for many vears. Swing Span Bridge Over Gatun Locks Cold Storage Move To Be Opened For Traffic Next Week From Mt. Hope Plant Started This Week The transfer and realignment of cold storage facilities of the Commissary Division were started this week following the leasing early last month of space in the Army's cold storage warehouse at Corozal. The move will be made gradually over a period of several weeks to avoid disruptions in the service. Some alterations will be required at the Corozal warehouse and the Balboa cold storage warehouse to meet Commissary Division requirements for storage and handling of cold storage products. This work is being done by Canal units. The consolidation of Army and Canal cold storage facilities is expected to provide a more economical and efficient operation. It will also avoid the extensive and expensive rehabilitation of the plant at Mount Hope which has been in use now for the past 35 years. , The existing cold storage warehouse of the Commissary Division will not be demolished but the major part of the plant will be closed down. The front part of the ground floor will continue to be used for limited operations. Four meat chill rooms will continue in use since the Commissary Division's abattoir will not be moved. The cold storage facilities for ship service will also be maintained there. Employees Transferring | The consolidation will require the transfer of seven U. S.-rate and 91 local-rate employees to the Pacific side. Thirty-day notices of the transfer were issued to these employees on February 15, but few if any will be transferred within the 30-day period. It is expected that the men engaged in unloading work will be the first to be transferred. The actual transfer of operations will begin, probably sometime late this month, with the arrival of a large shipment of cold storage products. It will be sometime after that, however, before the new plan is in full swing and the Mount Hope plant will continue its operations and retail stores will continue to be supplied from there until existing stocks are exhausted. With the transfer Commissary officials plan to modify and expand existing facilities for prepackaging. At present centralized prepackaging is done at Mount Hope and products are shipped from there to the individual stores. After operations are transferred to Corozal about half of the prepackaging of cold storage foods will be done at the Balboa warehouse. The other will eventually be divided among three of the larger retail stores, two on the Pacific side and one on the Atlantic side. These probably will be the Ancon, Tivoli, and Cristobal Commissaries. Some alterations will be required at the stores where the prepackaging of foods will be done. Refrigerated Trucks It is planned to use refrigerated trucks for the transportation of much of the cold storage products to the Pacific side. The transfer of the main cold storage operations to Corozal will not greatly increase haulage since approximately two-thirds of cold (,SVe page 12) The new vehicular crossing at the lower end of Gatun Locks is expected to be opened for use during the coming week. Work on installation of the four swingspans which form the new bridge was started by Maintenance Division forces on February 7 and the project is being finished well ahead of schedule. The four structural-steel frames and the steelgrid decks had been assembled prior to beginning the actual installation. The first job accomplished was the removal of the four sea-gate spans over which vehicular traffic has been handled for many years, the first time these gates had been removed since they were installed before the Canal was opened in 1914. The gates were partially floated off their pintles and were then towed into the Lick chambers where the four leaves were tipped over on their sides. They have since been towed to an anchorage in Gatun Lake until a final decision is made on their disposition. Following the removal of the 400-ton gate leaves, the pintles on which the gates rest were removed and replaced by new pintles. This was followed by the placing of the framework and steel-grid roadway for the new bridge. This was dene February 22, 23, and 24. Work since then has been on the bridge approaches and the mechanical and electrical con>ns necessary for the operation of the swing spans. Careful advance planning and close c (ordination of several Canal units made possible the c impli'tion of the work ahead of schedule. Several of the operations were out of the routine but were handled expediti msly by the men engaged on the job. Only one unscheduled job was necesstry in the entire project. This develwhen it was found, after removal of one gate leaf, that the yoke at the top was badly worn. This required a reborjag of Ih yoke as well as building up and i lining the bushing to fit the bridgepin, The new bridge spans are fitted in the same manner in which the sea gates were hinged to the lock walls. They will be operated by the old gate machinery by remote centrol in the lock control tower. The gate spans fold back into the gate recesses when not in use. The bridge spans cross the Lock approach at right angles instead of being mitered toward the sea like the guard gates. The bridge has a nine-foot roadway and a pedestrian crossing on the sea side of the bridge. The bridge is sufficiently wide only for one-way traffic which will be controlled by traffic signal lights. LEAVING TOMORROW C. D. DAMERON, manager of the ( Hstobal I 'luhhouse and Supervisor of the Clubhouse's northern district, is sailing tomorrow with his family to make their home in Urbanna, Va., about 00 miles east of Richmond. He has bought a 24-bedroom, colonial-type hotel where he hopes to have as guests many of his vacationing Canal Zone friends. A summer resort with fishing and swimming, Urbanna is located on the Appomattox River, about 20 miles from Chesapeake Kay. A Virginian by birth, Mr. Dameron came to the Canal Zone in 1941. He has served three tours of clubhouse duty in Cristobal — once in 1941, again in I'JJIM", and finally since 1950.


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by the Printing Plant Mount Hope, Canal Zone John S. Seybold, Governor-President H. 0. Paxson, Lieutenant Governor William G. Arey, Jr. Director of Public Relations J. Rufus Hardy, Editor Eleanor H. McIlhenny Editorial Assistant SUBSCRIPTION— $1.00 a year SINGLE COPIES -5 cents each On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date. SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL— lOcents each BACK COPIES— 10 cents each On sale when available, from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights. Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. Annapolis Appointee WILLIAM HENRY DAWSON, who was graduated with honors from Balhoa High School with the class of 1953 and who is now a student in the Colorado School of Mines, has been nominated by Governor Seybold as the principal candidate from the Canal Zone for appointment to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. The son of Mrs. Frances Gabriel Dawson of Balboa, he was born in Ancon and received his education in the Canal Zone Schools. While in Balboa High School he was Sophomore Class President, a captain in the Balboa High School ROTC, a member of the National Honor Society, and was on the High School football and track teams. Alternates for the appointment are Bartley Paul Smith and Charles Albert Hand, of Balboa High School, and Lawrence Carpenter Cox, of Cristobal High School. ONE of this year's big cruise ships to transit the Canal is the new Kungsholm, pride of the Swedish American Lines. It made its maiden trip through the Canal February 14 With over a month of the cruise season still to go, this year's total number of tourists is expected to exceed by a considerable amount the 12,225 expected before the season started. Between October 23, when the Maasdam put in to Cristobal with 576 cruise passengers aboard, and by February 21, when the Stella Polaris arrived with 160 tourists, a total of 10,791 passengers had arrived in Cristobal on 29 cruises aboard 15 ships. Four more cr-iise ships last Friday and Sunday increased the total through February to 12,485. Eight cruises are scheduled for March and two in April. The number of tourists were aboard cruise ships and on the United Fruit Company steamer Chiriqiti; not included in the total are those who made the trip to the Isthmus on the Panama Line. The largest group to anive to date was the cruise party of 781 on the Nieuw Amsterdam on Christmas Eve. The smallest groups were two of 80 each, carried on one trip of the Stella Polaris in January and on the Chiriqui's late February sailing. About half of the cruise passengers made the trip through Gaillard Cut on the ferry boat Presidente Porras or the tug I atun. According to figures compiled by the Navigation Division, the total carried on this service between December 24 and February 20 was about 5,100. During the entire tourist season a year ago, 6,315 tourists made the Cut trip, which was then operated by the Dredging Division. Two steps leading to an increased emphasis on the teaching of Spanish in the Canal Zone schools were announced last month by Governor Seybold. Beginning with the school year Oi 1954 55 next fall, Spanish will be taught in all grades, from the first on up, in all of the Canal Zone's elementary sxhools. At the present time Spanish classes do not begin until the fourth grade. In the schools in local rate communities, which are attended primarily by Panamanian students, the pupils will be given intensive training in Spanish so that the teaching in these elementary schools will eventually be entirely in Spanish, although English classes will be conducted so that the students may be bilingual. As part of the program, which is designed to prepare children native to the Isthmus for their eventual assumption of the obligations of Panamanian citizenship, some units of the Canal Zone schools will adopt the basic study program of the Panama public schools. Students in these schools will thereby be able to acquire a thorough knowledge of the Spanish language, and the history, geography, and traditions of Panama. A special training course tor teachers in the local-rate schools will be conducted during this year's Summer Institute in order that they may qualify to teach the new program. Northbound sailings of the Panama Line between May 21 when the Ancon sails for New York and June 18 when the Panama makes the northbound trip have been classed as "school boats" in this year's vacation season. As in past years, preference for passage on these five sailings will lie given to teachers and to employees with school-age children. The Cristobal, sailing on June 4 will be this year's "Teachers' Special." "School boats" southbound will be the five sailings from New York from August 17 to September 14, inclusive, with the Panama, leaving New York on August 31 as the "Teachers' Special." Conducted tours of Summit Gardens and the showing of colored slides of tropical trees and flowers which proved so popular in past dry seasons are again being given this year. The first of the tours was held at the Gardens February 20, with a group of about 25 present. They walked through the extensive experimental garden, while Roy Sharp of the Gardens staff pointed out and explained a number oi the native, or introduced, flowering trees and unusual plants. Last Saturday Mr. Sharp showed a collection of colored slides Oi local flowers and flowering trees. Tours and slice showings will be carried on on alternate Saturdays during the remainder of the dry season. The suction dredge Mindi will be placed on a one-shift basis late in May, according to a decision made late last month. No major harbor or channel improvement projects are scheduled for the coming fiscal year and a one-shift b.isis is sufficient to maintain canal channels at their authorized depths. Seven U. S.-rate and 25 local-rate employees will be affected by the change. More than $50,000 in extra money went to some 3,900 former employees of the Canal organization last week when disability relief pay checks were delivered. Legislation to increase cash relief payments, long sought by the Canal Administration and many employee groups, was enacted in February with President Eisenhower signing the bill into law while on his recent vacation at Palm Springs.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 DIABLO HEIGHTS was a town of 12-family houses when this picture was taken about 10 years ago. Today not a single one remains YOUR TOWN additional barracks and more 12-family houses were added. In the meantime Diablo Heights still had no official name. Early in 1940 there was a spritely exchange of official correspondence on the subject. Crede H. Calhoun, then Chief of the Division of Civil Affairs, added his bit: "We have a Paradise at Paraiso; I see no reason why we should not have a Devil at Diablo." Governor Clarence S. Ridley suggested that the name might be Diablo Heights. Town is Officially Named Postal people pointed out that there might be confusion with so many "Heights," Quarry Heights and Balboa Heights being names of considerably longer standing. C. A. Mcllvaine produced the idea that Diablo Hill might be hispaniolized into "Cerro Diablo," but the Governor held firm to his original stand. On February 5, 1940, the reborn town was designated officially as Diablo Heights. A commissary was opened in May of that year and the post office the first of the following month. The Diablo Heights school began sessions in September 1940, with 210 pupils. Work on the clubhouse was begun in October and the building was officially inaugurated the following June. In the meantime Diablo bachelors — and others — had their meals at the "restaurant," a long, one-story building which stood near the present intersection of Walker Avenue and Endicott Street. It soon became known as the messhall, a designation which has been carried over — even by teen-agers who never patronized the original messhall— to the present clubhouse. Open 24 hours a day, it was crowded at almost any hour and became a favorite place for after-party coffee and sandwiches. Diablo Heights in those days was a lusty place. A good many of its residents were construction people; they brought construction camp customs and traditions with them. Some of them rebelled against what they considered the "stuffiness" of the Canal Zone; family brawls and neighborhood drinking parties were a constant headache to the police. But drinking and brawling was not all they did. They worked and they worked hard. After hours they turned to making their own fun. There was a Diablo Although it is one of the newest of the Canal Zone's permanent towns, Diablo Heights -as far as its history is concerned—may antedate almost any other existing town. Like a phoenix, it has risen from a succession of ashes, figuratively speaking. During the middle part of the sixteenth century, according to Isthmian histories, the narrow Isthmus of Panama was terrorized by bands of Cimarrones, runaway Negro slaves, who preyed upon the treasure trains on the Camino Real. They became such a threat to life and property that the Spanish viceroy sent expeditions to clean them out. They evaded such punitive parties and in 1552 were granted recognition by the Governor of the Province. At that time they had three main villages, one of which was called Diablo. It was located near the site of present day Diablo Heights. The saga of modern Diablo began early in the twentieth c?.ntury. Marine detachments, which came to the Isthmus during Panama's revolutionary period, were stationed at Diablo, as well as at Mount Hope and Empire. Later, in 1905, the Marine headquarters were established at Camp Elliott, on the west side of the Canal not far from Culebra and Empire. First A Labor Camp Late in 1906 members of the Isthmian Canal Commission began to consider locations for labor camps. These were to be located as close as possible to the places where work was going on, or where it was expected to go on. One of these to be at the "north end of the proposed Sosa-Corozal dam, on high ground south of Corozal as near the end of the proposed dam as possible." It was to house at least 200 laborers and was to have five barracks, a kitchen, a messhall, and a "gallego" (gallegos were European laborers) messhall and kitchen. In May 1907, Chief Engineer George W. Goethals officially named the labor Mo Camp." There is local tradition that during the time it was used is a labor camp ; Camp Diablo was the if a bloody "wine riot." European laborers had been issued wine with their meals on holidays. When the regular issue failed to arrive they rebelled and bombarded anyone who ventured their way with empty bottles, sticks or stones, or anything they could find to throw. As the story told by oldtimers went, a padre was called on to settle the fracas as he was the only man who could get near enough the enraged laborers to negotiate with them. When the Sosa-Corozal dam project was abandoned, the six laborers' barracks at Diablo were converted to quarters for 12 American families. Diablo was connected with Corozal by road and was considered part of the town of Corozal. These old barracks-quarters were occupied until the end of the construction period. In 1914-15 the Panama Railroad, which had run from Corozal to Panama along a route which, roughly, crossed the upper end of what is now Albrook Air Force base, was relocated so that it would run into Balboa. The relocation meant that part of Diablo Hill had to be cut away. The last two of the old buildings on the hill were vacated January 5, 1915. Several Plans Considered During the 1930's there were several plans made and unmade for the Diablo site. One called for a local-rate town there; another proposed Diablo as a new location for the oil-tank farm at La Boca. A third project, quickly rejected by the Governor, had to do with establishing a private, noncommercial flying field on the Diablo fill where spoil from the Canal channel was occasionally clumped. It was not until July 1939, that a definite decision was made. Diablo Heights although it was still being referred to as Camp Diablo was selected as headquarters for the Special Engineering Division, with two office buildings for the planning staff and quarters for about 289 employees. The office buildings, two 32-room bachelor quarters, twelve 12family houses, 65 cottages, ten 10-family buildings and garage buildings were all to be built with funds allocated to the SIP, or Special Improvement Projects which had to do with the installation of protective devices on the Locks. The fast-growing force, however, called for roofs over more people's heads and GEORGE L. CAIN', Commissary Manager. .This really is. His brother, Sgt. Edwin B. Cain of the Pedro Miguel Police, was identified wrongly in last, month's issue as George.)


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW MISS RUTH E. CREASY, School Principal WILLIAM T. HALVOSA, Postmaster DIABLO HEIGHTS Excess Housing Rented During the subsequent comatose period there was so much excess housing in Diablo Heights that the Canal was able to offer 12-family accomodations to servicemen and their families. In 195051 there were 207 service families — most of them Army— living at Diablo Heights. They were all required to vacate the quarters when demolition of the 12-family houses began. When the housing replacement program was started in 1950 Diablo Heights, with its undeveloped sections, was a logical choice for some of the new construction. New streets were laid out, hilltops bulldozed off, and quarters began to go up. The first on-the-ground-masonry quarters were built there. Today more new quarters are under construction where the 12-families once stood, and the town's streets are again being rearranged. Today the population of Diablo Heights is again on the upswing. Units of the Comptroller's Office have moved into the three-story office building; the Payroll Branch has been at Diablo Heights for a number of years. From a low of 805 in 1951, the figure has increased until last March it was 9S6— almost equally divided between men, women, and children. (The dog population is uncounted, but from all indications it is high.) A Wholly Residential Area There is no church in Diablo Heights. The Camera Club, which occupies an attractive, well-kept building on Hainx Street, is the only organization housed there. The Diablo Heights Dispensary was closed some time ago, and the fire station last year. Police and fire protection is furnished from the Balboa Central Stations. Diablo's Civic Council is onethird of the tri-partite Pacific Civic Council. Except for its office buildings Diablo Heights is a residential suburb. Its residents are clerks and pilots, teachers and engineers, electricians and boilermakers, carpenters and office workers. But almost without exception all of the "blue collar people" work elsewhere; the small Dredging Division unit near the Canal bank has the only craftsmen regularly employed in town. Diablo Heights is cool, drowsy, and, except for the motorcycle enthusiasts who make the nights hideous with their noise, Heights Recreational Association, a local newssheet, and a dance club named the "Forty Club." Forty is short for 1940, the year when it was organized. Sidewalk Meeting Early that year, the Balboa Women's Club had gi\ten several get-acquainted dances for the Diablo Heights newcomers, who soon conceived the idea of forming a club of their own. "So," according to Mrs. Ella Wertz, now of Ancon, who was a charter member of the Forty Club, "we called a meeting for the Balboa movie theater. When we got there the building was locked and we held our meeting on the sidewalk. We gave our first dance a short time later and after that we had dances several times a month at the Tivoli or the Golf Club. Our last dance was the night before Pearl Harbor. What with blackouts and all, no one was much in the mood for parties after that." As the war continued, shortages of ships, men, and materials required suspension of the Third Locks Construction. As a result the office building on Diablo hilltop began to empty and the population to dwindle. In 1941 its population was 2,003, but 10 years later it had dropped to 805. There was a spurt of activity for about two years when Col. James Stratton and his force began The Isthmian Canal Studies. Again the commissary and clubhouse were crowded with newcomers and the office buildings were abustle with activity. Out of this period came some of the strangest buildings ever seen in the Canal Zone. Engineers studying housing for the force which would be needed if third locks or a sea-level canal were built brought to the Isthmus several prefabricated aluminum houses. Other permanent houses of new types— the idea was that a pair of permanent houses was to have between them a temporary house during the crowded construction period, the temporary quarters to be removed when they were no longer needed — went up in Diablo. All of these are still standing in Diablo Heights and always baffle newcomers. Diablo Heights, in this incarnation, however, was never the uproarious place it had been during Third Locks and SIP days, and it lapsed into a near coma when the sea-level canal studies were finished in 1948. quiet. The clubhouse is open all night and early risers like customs inspectors or railroad men due for an early call get breakfast there. But most of its house lights are out well before 11 o'clock. The days of wine riots of the early 1900's and the lusty brawls of the 1940's are behind it— for a while at least. MKLVIN E. WALKER, Clubhouse M anager Canal Sponsors Two Exhibits During March Two exhibits of both current and historical interest will be sponsored by the Panama Canal Company-Government in Panama during the month of March. One will be the exhibit at the Inter-American Medical Convention to be held in the Hotel El Panama, March 24 to 26, and the other will be the Panama Canal Company-Government display at the forthcoming International Trade Exposition to be held in Colon, March 20 to April 4. Featured at both exhibits will be colored slides and photographs of the Canal Zone during the past 50 years. There also will be models of construction machinery and construction day buildings, maps, technical displays, and a collection of rare books and hospital charts. One of the most interesting of the medical exhibits will be a general history of the medical activity in the Canal Zone between the years of 1904 and 1954. This will be done by photographs, reprints of articles written by former Canal hospital physicians, old hospital charts, instruments used in early construction days, and a miniature of old Section C, Ward 15, of Ancon Hospital, during the French construction days. A set of colored slides of well-known scenes in the Canal Zone will be a prominent part of the Canal organization exhibit at the International Trade Exposition in Colon. The slides will be projected upon the screen by an automaticslide projector. Other exhibits will include two relief maps, one showing the terrain of the Canal Zone in 1906 and the other the terrain several years after the completion of the Panama Canal; a set of construction day photographs; a model of the S. S. Cristobal in a glass case; a set of construction day photographs; photostats of historical maps; and a rare-book and small-item display, all part of the Canal Zone Library collection.


10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 Fast Shipments Bring Fresher Vegetables To C. Z. Commissaries No innovation of the Commissary Division within recent years has met with more enthusiastic response from customers than the new plan for speedier shipments of highly perishable fruits and vegetables Unqualified success marked the initial sale of celery and lettuce in the Commissarvstoreslastmonth. The produce was in the hands of customers within little more than a week from the time it was growing in the Imperial Valley in California. Despite little advance notice, brisk sales were reported at all stores where the lettuce and celery went on sale only a few hours after it arrived in Balboa on a United Fruit Company ship from New Orleans. It had been picked only a week before and was shipped to New Orleans by refrigerated trucks. The buying-and-shipping plan is not entirely new. It was first used last summer during the peach season when fresh fruit was bought from the Pennsylvania orchards just in time to be shipped to New York and be placed aboard the southbound Panama Line ships. The new shipping arrangements will cut from five to ten days in travel time for highly perishable fruits and vegetables from the southern and western States. It is planned to employ the plan in handling a variety of fruits and vegetables. The plan was outlined to a group of about 25 representatives of employee organizations at the second forum on Commissary operations held last month. Details of the plan were told by John J. Barton, Chief Food Buyer of the New York Procurement Division. The plan is the result of many months of study and work on the past of Commissary officials to s?cure the proper coordination in buying and shipping. The first shipment of lettuce and calery was p3rsonally selected by Mr. Barton during a visit to the southwest and west. It was specially packed, chilled by a new vacuum cooling method, and shipped by trucks to New Orleans. Both trucks and railway will be used for future shipments of such fruits and vegetables, dependent upon distances and circumstances. Because of the success in handling and selling the first shipment of lettuce and celery, it is planned to continue this method of buying and shipping and to extend it to many other products. Both southern and western ports will be used as the growing season for fruits and vegetables change. Shipments of fruits and vegetables will also be sent through New York when that route offers advantages in time. The Commissary forum last month was principally devoted to foods. It was the second of such round-table discussions of buyer-seller problems to be held between Supply and Service officials and employeerepresentatives F. R. Johnson, Supply and Service Director, presided at the meeting and told those attending that the forums are led principally as a common meeting ground to find out what and how rj operations can be improved. He also announced that another forum will be held at a later date. Here Tt Is! THE FIRST shipment to Canal Commissaries of States vegetables, only a week from field to store, is examined by F. R. Johnson, Supply and Service Director while John Barton of the Procurement Division in New York, and Paul Friedman, Assistant Supply and Service Director, look over other green goods. MARCH, beside being income tax month oh, horrid thought is a fine month to catch up on odds and ends. Here are some bits and pieces on a Few things to make living easier or more pleasant. Nexl month we expect to be talking about Easter clothes and such. The Commissary people hope you have been getting some of the perishable delicacies they have had in the retail stores from time to time lately. They mean such items as frozen calves' liver (the liver, not the calves, is frozen), ready for the pan, and quick frozen veal cutlets; frozen rainbow trout; smoked caplin some people spell it capelin, but either spelling means little fish-like smelts; packaged sauerkraut; packaged dill pickles; and an especially good Jewish-style pastrami. Highly perishable, they are ordered in small quantities and no sure dates can be given for the repeat arrival of any one of them. They are so palate-tickling that it is well worthwhile to keep an eye on the cold storage counters to see what out-of-the-usual item is on hand from day to day. Speaking of dates the grocery sections this month should have canned "Sunipalms" dates, 41 cents for a 12j-ounce tin. Vacuumpacked, they do not need refrigeration and are a handy emergency shelf food. Other new food items due this month are a Smilhfield ham spread, packed in Maryland, 39 cents tor a 3-ounce jar; and a set of six tiny "Morton salt miniatures,'' individual saltshakers, each wilh the dislinctive Morton package, about 18 cents. They should be handy for picnics or for packing in lunch boxes. three to four hours. Soap and water wash off cream — and paint. It works equally well for dirty jobs on house or car too. A |ar will sell for about 30 cents when it arrives some time this month. UNOFFICIAL TASTERS at Mount Hope, who sample samples, recommend a new line of food which will be on retail store shelves this month. This is Castleberry's (of Augusta, Ga.) seafood and cocktail sauce, and canned pork or beef in barbecue sauce. The seafood sauce, described as tangy but not tongue-searing, will be about 36 cents for a 6-ounce bottle. The barbecued meat is cooked over oak and hickcry coals, then chopped and blended with the barbecue sauce. The tasters say it is good heated and served on toasted buns; a No. 1 can ol the pork will be about 59 centi; the beef, in the same size can, 56 cents. Dupont has a new product, a companion piece for its paints. Called "Pro-tek," il is a sort of vanishing cream to smear on hands and under fingernails before tickling a paint job. One application is good for AWNING-TYPE WINDOWS, those wide horizontal panes which open like, well, like an awning, on some of the new houses, are decorative but may be hard to keep sparkling. For such, and other types too, the Canal Commissaries are getting a new Fuller brush with a four-foot handle. The brush does the washing; a rubber squeegee, nine inches long, which may be fastened to the handle oppossite the brush, wipes off the water. Due soon, they will be $3.95 for brush, handle, and squeegee. Also expected in the retail stores this month are new treated dust cloths which dust, clean, and polish at one swipe, and can be washed and re-used up to 20 times, the manufacturer says. The price is about 55 cents. Jig Time/' a green liquid washes combs, brushes, jewelry, and crystals in |ig time, just as the name says. A jar, advertised to contain a six-month supply, will be about 85 cents. FROM ST. LOUIS the former author of this column recommends Samae cleaner for Reverware. She says it takes the rub out of polishing those copper bottoms. The commissaries already have it and endorse her recommendation: 60 cents for a large jar with a sprinkler top. Also due soon are the "Jonny Mops you ve been reading about in the womens magazines. The clear plastic handles hold disposable pads which clean, deodorize, and sanitize (it says on the box) a toilet in one application. The pads are detachable and can be flushed away alter use. A handle and six pads will sell for about $1.25; extra pads will be available. GENTLEMEN PEACOCKS sport the gay clothes in their families. Canal Zcne men can be peacocks in some of the new Palm Beach slacks which have just arrived. They come in such colors as tomato catsup and Meci.'.rrcnean blue (our own description), in 28to 40-inch waist bands, from $9.75 to $13.25. More restrained, as far as color is concerned, but equally handsome is Donegaltype tweed suiting, 90 percent wool and 57 inches wide. It comes in mixtures in which brown, blue, gray, or green predominate and would make fine sport jackets: $3.65 a yard.


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Increase In Coffee Price Expected Here Coffee prices, which have hit the headlines throughout the United States during recent weeks with increases of 20 cents a pound and more, may be increased five cents a pound in Panama Canal Commissaries in about 10 days. Up to now Canal Zone householders have escaped the drastic rise in coffee prices and Commissary officials do not expect that spiraling prices will reach the same degree in the Canal Zone as in the States. The steady price of coffee in the Zone during recent weeks was possible because warehouse stocks of the Commissary Division were sufficient to avoid an increase. However, with new stocks of green coffee being bought now at higher cost, it is expected that retail prices will be increased five cents a pound about March 15 and a further rise may be required in about another month. Bids were opened this week for 100,000 pounds of green Boquete coffee after this edition of The Review went to press. The cost of this lot of green coffee will affect the future retail prices in the stores. Whatever increase of coffee prices may be required in the Commissaries will be directly dependent on world prices of green coffee. For this reason, it is not expected that the increase will be as sharp as in the States where speculation in coffee futures was a factor in the increase in retail prices. Any increase in Commissary prices also is expected to be more gradual because of the policy of averaging old and new stock prices as new stocks are bought. In addition, efforts will be made to buy occasional lots of coffee at more reasonable prices by a thorough canvass of the market so that by some slight shift in blends the upward trend may be dulled. Coffee normally used in the various Commissary blends is bought from Panama, Colombia, Brazil, Haiti, and El Salvador. Other sources of supply in coffee producing countries of Latin America also are being canvassed for coffee suitable for maintaining existing blends. Although speculation is being blamed After Nearly Half Century THE "ADMIRAL'S HOUSE" is nearing the end of its life Another Canal Zone landmark is nearing the end of its life. The "Admiral's House" on Fourth of July Avenue near the District Court is being vacated. March 31 has been set as the latest date on which the five women who were living in House 313 early last month must move to other quarters;' after that date the old building, which was first occupied in November 1907, will probably be demolished. To oldtimers the house, which is a companion piece to the "Judge's House," is the "Admiral's House" although it was used as Navy quarters for only about six years of its 47. It is quite probable, although old records fail to show it, that the first occupant of the big building— which once had a room especially designed for a bilfor some of the rise in coffee prices in the States, world prices on green coffee also are rising. An example was the recent purchase by the Commissary Division of a supply of coffee used for blending for which the price was 17 cents a pound higher for the green coffee than the lot purchased previously. Hard room -was J. C. S. Blackburn, who headed the Civil Administration Department and was a member of the Isthmian Canal Commission until December 190S. His two successors, Maurice H. Thatcher and Richard L. Metcalfe, both occupied 313, which was known in those days as No. 1 14. At the end of the construction period the house was used for several months by the Joint Land Commission. In the fall of 1914, it again became an official residence and was occupied successively by two Panama Canal Auditors, H. A. A. Smith and Elwyn Greene. It then became the quarters for the Admiral commanding the 15th Naval District and was used by three commandants: Rear Admirals David F. Sellers, E. H. Campbell and N. E. Irwin, until 1933. After 1933, No. 313 became women's bachelor quarters and was assigned to a group of teachers who ran the house as a bachelor "mess" for several years. In 1942, the house was divided into two apartments. Since that time one woman has lived in the smaller apartment and anywhere from four to eight in the larger section of the house. NEWEST OF CANAL ZONE SCHOOLS OPENED THE TWO WIN'G addition to Rainbow City's elementary school was placed in use early last month. Built to relieve the overcrowded condition at the school, the two wings have a total of eight classrooms. The new buildings are identical with the classroom units at the new South Margarita elementary school and have been completely equipped with new furniture and other new and up-to-date classroom gear.


12 THEIPANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 Purchases In Panama Top $1,175,000 Mark Purchases of foods and supplies in the Republic of Panama by the Panama Canal organization totaled $1,177,805 during the first half of this fiscal year. This was exclusive of purchases made by the Armed Services or other U. S.government agencies on the Isthmus. Food supplies bought from producers in the Republic amounted to well above $700,000 in value, with beef, sugar, fruits, and vegetables being the principal products bought to meet Commissary Division requirements. These purchases were approximately $50,000 over those made during a comparative period in the previous fiscal year. The amount of sugar bought during the first six months of this fiscal year was considerably more than that bought during the first half of the previous fiscal year. The total purchases of all Panama Canal units from Panama sources during the first six months of this fiscal year fell below those in the first half of last fiscal year, with the principal decrease being shown in the industrial products. Approximately one-third of purchases made in Panama during the last half of this fiscal year were meat products. The total value of such purchases exceeded $400,000 with most of this amount being spent for live beef steers. 110,000 Pounds of Seafoods Seafood purchases from Panama sources were heavy during the six-month period. A total of 60,000 pounds of fish and over 50,000 pounds of shrimp, lobster, and turtle were bought for resale in the commissary stores. In addition to the long list of fresh fruits and vegetables bought locally by the Panama Canal Company, a variety of other food and agricultural products are purchased regularly. Among the principal purchases in value are coconuts, brewers' grain, black strap molasses, rice bran, biscuits and crackers, candy, Eskimo pies, and yeast. A list of about 75 different items made up the industrial and miscellaneous products bought from Panama suppliers during the first half of this fiscal year. The value of purchases ranged from a few dollars to over $60,000 an individual item. Some of the principal purchases in this group were cement, automobile parts and accessories, advertising, periodicals and printing, film rentals, office machines and supplies, paints, and photographic supplies. The table below shows the amount of purchases in the Republic of Panama under the various classifications for the first half of the present and previous fiscal years. First Half First Half Fiscal Year This Fiscal 1953 Year Meat products__ $409,954 Mill ,635 iltural products: Fruits and vegetables.... 64 033 61 057 Sugar 184,964 236,817 igricultural products 23,019 22,647 "(ducts 16,527 13.193 Beverages 77.497 76,596 29.444 30,620 Industrial products and misleous... 439.128 334,639 TOTAl $1,243,457 $1,177,805 Ancon Building Shuts Up Shop As Clubhouse And Restaurant Although several plans for the use of the Ancon Clubhouse building, which closed as a clubhouse unit last Sunday, are being considered no definite decision has yet been reached. The building dates back to the days when the Canal organization went into the restaurant business, briefly, in a big way. After the end of the construction period, the Canal organization decided to build and operate modern restaurants. Buildings similar to that which has just been vacated at Ancon were built in Cristobal, Balboa, and Pedro Miguel. The Ancon restaurant was opened October 4, 1917. A clubhouse unit, meantime, was functioning in a frame building on the site of the present concrete bachelor quarters near the Commissary. The clubhouse building was destroyed by fire in 1924. The Panama Canal operated the restaurants for several years but during the early 1920's they were leased to Carl Strom who had had about 12 years service as a steward. During the Strom period, the restaurants rivalled the Hotel Tivoli as an eating place. Oldtimers COLD STORAGE MOVES THIS WEEK FROM MOUNT HOPE PLANT {Continued from page 6) storage products retailed are sold on the Pacific side. While the new plan of operations will provide some flexibility in the supply of retail stores on the Atlantic side from the Commissary Division headquarters, all frozen meats, dairy products except ice cream, and fruits and vegetables will be stored at Corozal and retail stores on both sides of the Isthmus will be supplied from there. This arrangement will mean no increase in the haulage since trucks returning to the Atlantic side would normally be empty. The cold storage plant at Mount Hope is one of the Commissary Division's oldest buildings and has an interesting history. Its construction was started during World War I when the demand for canned beef for Army needs exceeded existing facilities. At that time the Commissary Division had a thriving cattle industry to supply needs in the Canal Zone. The original plans for the Mount Hope buildings provided for the installation of canning machinery in the plant and the purchase of cattle from Colombia and other adjacent areas. The canning machinery had already arrived on the Isthmus before the war ended and plans for a canned beef factory were dropped. The machinery was never installed and the space was then assigned to the present Industrial Laboratory. recall that they "dressed for dinner" on Thursday and Sunday evenings -other nights were less formal —and that there occasionally was dinner music. The contract with Mr. Strom was terminated May 15, 1934. Restaurant operations then were turned over to the then Bureau of Clubs and Playgrounds which was already serving light meals. Two of the restaurant buildings, at Ancon and at Cristobal, became clubhouses; the Balboa restaurant was remodelled into the police station, and that at Pedro Miguel became the location for the post office and the District Quartermaster's Office. There have been a number of changes to the building in the past 20 years. A soda luncheonette was added during the early 1940's and restaurant operations were shifted almost entirely to a cafeteria basis last year. With the closing of the Ancon Clubhouse as a clubhouse, some of its functions have shiftsd to the Tivoli Guest House. Children from the Ancon Elementary School are now lunching at the Tivoli and a coffee shop has been opened at the Tivoli. Another innovation begins tonight when a special "family night dinner" will be served at the Tivoli Guest House and at Balboa and Margarita Clubhouses. The dinner will cost the adults of the family 95 cents each at the Tivoli and 75 cents at the clubhouses, while children's portions will be 60 cents at the Tivoli and 50 cents at the clubhouses. After dinner the entire family may go to the Balboa or the Margarita theater as a unit. Family price at Balboa — regardless of size — will be $1; that for the family at Margarita will be 75 cents. OUR OUT-OF-DOORS Roses have always been one of the favorite flowers of the home gardener. A few hints on the proper conditions for growing and the care of rose plants might be helpful. To begin with, a rich, well-drained soil is desirable. The plants should be fertilized about once each month. Any commercial fertilizer may be used and tankage is very satisfactory. Mulching around the plants with grass cuttings and leaves is helpful, especially in dry season, as a mulch helps retain moisture around the plant. A few rusty nails or iron should be added to the soil when roses are planted. Iron is taken up by the plants and helps hold the petals on the flower for a longer period of time. It also intensities flower color.


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 QUARTERS REPLACEMENT PROGRAM NEARING CLOSE; BIDS FOR RIDGE ROAD HOUSES OPENED THIS WEEK ONE OF THE most popular of the new on-the-ground masonry houses is Type 337, popularly known as the "mother-in-law house." A number of these quarters are to be built on Prospect Street and in the Ridge Road area in Balboa Heights. A floor plan of this type is shown below. The drawing was first published in the January 1952 Revtcw. w CAR POWT TERKACC r ING £. DINING BED Root1 Tfei r TYPE 337 3 BEDROOM HOUSE ""• f m ^ I I • MQ.WCCK'xa ^ COM1TI BUREAU (uaintEniHi; t>-vi GRAPHIC SCALE (Continued from page i) street. The grade will be lowered an average of about five feet. The work there also entails a considerable amount of street realignment. The old macadam street leading into the area from Heights Road will be replaced and a short deadend street will be constructed. Four of the 17 one-family masonry houses will be located on Quarry Road which was recently repaved. Two will be located near the intersection of Heights and Ridge Road, eight will be spaced along Ridge Road, and three will be on the new deadend street. Culvert for Flats In the bids opened last Wednesday, provisions were included for the construction of a 6-foot by 4-foot box culvert which is designed to divert drainage from the Balboa Heights area out of Balboa Flats. This, and grading being done in the Flats, is expected to alleviate flooding in the area. With construction of the Ridge Road houses ready to begin, work on other major building projects is proceeding. The last of the houses in the new Corozal residential area are to be completed and transferred to the Housing Division for assignment by March 15. The Corozal and Empire Street houses were built under a contract awarded at the beginning of last year to MaccoPanpacific, Inc., at a total cost of approximately $2,750,000. The landscaping work at Corozal also is well advanced. A contract for sodding and sprigging the area was awarded last November to E. 0. Hauke Construction Company. This work is scheduled for completion by April 15 after which the Grounds Maintenance Division will complete the landscaping. Other Construction The construction of 33 two-story duplex masonry houses at Diablo Heights is being done by Isthmian Constructors, Inc. The completion date for this contract is September 19, but the work is well ahead of schedule. Work is ready to begin on the construction of 63 houses in Balboa Flats. This contract was awarded late in January to Framorco, Inc., and notice to proceed was delivered to the contractor last week. Maintenance Division forces have been busy in the area for the past several weeks doing grading and street work required in Zone 1. Balboa Flats, one of the principal residential areas of the Pacific side since soon after the Canal was opened in 1914, is due for a complete renovation. The work there includes the provision of ample play areas, grading, street realignTen Years Ago In February February, 10 years ago, was War Bond month with a vengeance. From February 7 through February 12, thousands of Isthmians swarmed into the Carnival area near the Balboa Stadium, having fun and buying bonds. Well over $1 ,000,000 worth of War Bonds were sold as part of the Carnival activities. Girls from both sides of the Isthmus competed for the title of Queen; on the Pacific side supporters of Miss Ethel Kriza, now Mrs. J. H. Hearn, won the crown for her by buying $730,499 worth of bonds while Atlantic side backers of Miss Anna Marie Chase put her onto a War Bond throne with purchases totalling $324,233. As a sequel to the Carnival the two queens competed for the title of Miss Canal Zone in a contest to raise funds for the purchase of a bomber, with Miss Chase winning the title. A few days later Governor Glen E. Edgerton forwarded to the U. S. Treasury a check for $50,000, representing contributions to the bomber fund. At appropriations hearings in Washington, Governor Edgerton told Congressmen that work on the Third Locks had been suspended. He said that the full project would probably not be started until after the end of the war. Back from Washington, several days later, the Governor told local newsmen that the Panama Railroad had "no doubt as to the restoration of its steamship service after the war." Col. Henry C. Dooling, who had been Assistant Chief Health Officer and Superintendent of Gorgas Hospital, was appointed to the post of Chief Health Officer. He succeeded Maj. Gen. M. C. Stayer. Zonians celebrated, in a restrained fashion, the return of fresh eggs to the Canal commissaries. For several weeks the commissary stock had consisted of Argentine eggs of dubious vintage. Forum On Operations Of Local-Rale Stores Requested At Meeting (Continued from page 3) payroll deductions for the purchase of medicines is not feasible; a continuation of a study to provide occupational training for boys at the Pedro Miguel Detention Home; provision for protection from the rain for customers at the kerosene and salad oil section of Paraiso Commissary; and an announcement that street name signs are being placed in Paraiso. Attending the meeting in February were the Governor: E. A. Doolan, Personnel Director, and Mr. Johnson, for the Canal administration; and for the Civic Councils, Ernest Williams, Mr. Fawcett, and Cyril Atherly, of Paraiso; Arthur W. Crooks, Marcus Granum and Cleveland Roberts, of La Boca; Zachariah Williams, Chagres General Committee; Mrs. Louise Walker, Richard Burns, and Mrs. Butcher of Santa Cruz; and Harold Williams and Jefferson Joseph of Rainbow City. ment, and a variety of houses. Both masonry and composite buildings will replace the drab 4-family frame buildings there.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 MARCH SAILINGS PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS From Cristobal Panama... 'March 6 .March 12 Ancon. March 19 I'm, -March 2(> From New York obal _Marrh 2 Ancon March 9 Panama March 16 Cristobal .. ...March 23 Ancon .March 30 I i ives Cristobal Saturday ; arrives New York Friday. (Northbound the ships are In Haiti from 7 a. m. to noon Sunday; southbound the Haiti stop is Saturday from 7 a. in. lo 4 p. in.) January 15 through February 15 ANNIVERSARIES Employees who observed important anniversaries during the month of February are listed alphabetically below. The number of years includes all Government service with the Canal or other agencies. Those with continuous service with the Canal are indicated with (*). 45 YEARS "William Jump, Timekeeper, Industrial I livision. 35 YEARS *John D. Logsdon, Supervisory Administrative Assistant, Electrical Division. "Charles W. Meissner, Foreman, Pacific Locks. id YEARS John G. Johnson, Storekeeper, Division of Storehouses. *Morris Mirrop, Administrative Assistant, Gorgas Hospital. 25 YEARS "Clarence L. Foiles, Supervisor, Division of Storehouses. *David I.. Gatz, Auditor, Office of Comptroller. "Charles L. Leeser, Foreman, Printing Plant. 20 YEARS *David J. Burkett, Pipeline Suction Dredge Operator, Dredging Division. "Marcella G. Green, Clerk-Stenographer, Division of Schools. "Robert B. Sager, Structural Engineer, Engineering Division. Manuel A. Smith, Engineering Aid, Meteorology and Hydrographic Branch. 15 YEARS Adrian R. Barber, Accounting Clerk, Office of Comptroller. *F. W. Holmberg, Customs Inspector, Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division. "Rudolph W. Rubelli, Pilot, Navigation Division. Howard J. Toland, Policeman, Police I >i\ ision. Walter C. Watts, Lock Operator, Atlantic I. en ks. FEBRUARY RETIREMENTS Retirement certificates were presented the end of February to the following employeewho are listed alphabetical!)-, together with their birth places, titles, th of service and future addresses. Francis W. Feeney, Massachusetts; Medical Technician, Board of Health tory; i4 years, 6 months, 6 days; Richmond, Va. William C. Fritz, Nova Scotia; Supervisory Construction Inspector (General), Contract and Inspection Division; 16 years, 7 month-, 1') days; Providence, K. I. Morris Mirrop, Russia; Administrative ant, Gorgas Hospital; 1 ( > years, 2 14 lays; Florida. Louis Pincus, Russia; Signalman, Naviation Division; 20 -ear-, 7 months, 15 Fresno, Calif. Berney J. Robinson, Louisiana; Steam Engineer, Oil Handling Plant, Balboa; tl irs, 9 months, 1 day; Canal Zone, for present. Ira L. Wright, Pennsylvania; Assistant ollei 12 years ami .i month-: irdale, W. Va. Employees who were promoted or translerred between January 15 and February 15 are listed below. Regradings and within-grade promotions are not listed. ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Harold I. Perantie, from Executive Assistant to the Executive Secretary to Chief, Administrative Branch. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Mrs. Joyce C. Hudson, Clerk-Stenographer, from Correspondence Section to Office of Chief, Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division. Mrs. Margaret M. Nash, from Substitute Teacher to Junior High School Teacher. Mrs. Elizabeth B. Kiegley, from Substitute Teacher to Elementary School Teacher. Mrs. Helen P. Walker, from Substitute Teacher to Kindergarten Assistant. Robert Berger, from Motorcycle Officer to Motorcycle Officer and Policeman. Andrew Kozar, from Policeman to Policeman and Motorcycle Officer. William H. Munyon, from Lieutenant to Captain, Police Division. Owen B. Shirley, from Vice Principal to Assistant Principal, Rainbow City Occupational High School. COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU Stanley M. Hamilton, Supervisory Administrative Assistant, from Hotel Washington to Tivoli Guest House. OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER Francis J. Leonard, from Valuation Engineer (General) to Valuation Engineer (Railroads), Plant Inventory and Appraisal Staff. Paul F. Helton, from Supervisory Steward, Hotel Tivoli, to Accountant, Internal Audit Staff. Cecil Kovel, from Property and Supply Clerk, Dredging Division, to Accounting Clerk, Plant Inventory and Appraisal Staff. Mrs. Martha L. Lerchen, from ClerkTypist, Gorgas Hospital, to Clerk Stenographer, Office of Chief, Fiscal Division. Mrs. June A. Hudgins, from Substitute Teacher, Division of Schools, to Bookkeeping Machine Operator, Agents Accounts Branch. Edward H. Appin, from Tabulating Machine Operator to Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll Branch. Mrs. Sylvia E. Staples, Card Punch Operator, from Personnel Records Division to Payroll Branch. Mrs. Helen M. Cicero, Tabulating Machine Operator, from Personnel Records Division to Payroll Branch. Mrs. Mamie E. Hogan, Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, from Payroll Branch to Agents Accounts Branch. Harry E. Musselman, Tabulation Planner, from Tabulating Machine Branch to Payroll Branch. Mrs. Elna G. Montayne, Card Punch Supervisor, from Tabulating Machine Branch to Payroll Branch. Preston G. Gau, Alfredo Lombana, Tabulating Machine Operator, from Tabulating Machine Branch to Payroll Branch. Miriam E. DeBolt, Card Punch Operator, from 'Tabulating Machine Branch to Payroll Branch. Lucille A. Waters, Accounting Clerk, from 'Tabulating Machine Branch to Payroll Branch. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Wallace E. Thrift, from Powerhouse Operator Dispatcher to Power Dispatcher, Electrical I >iv ision. George V. Kirkland, from Pumping Plant Operator to Pumping Plant Operator and Foreman, Public Works, Maintenance I >iv "ision. Mrs. Ethel G. Cooper, from ClerkStenographer to Property and Supply Clerk, Dredging Division. Peter W. Foster, from Apprentice to Automatic Telephone Switchman, Electrical I >iv ision. Edwin C. Tompkins, from Steam Engineer, Floating Crane, to Engineer, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dredging Division. Robert G. Fuller, from Storekeeper (General) to Supervisory Storekeeper (General), Maintenance Division. Mrs. Mary E. Specht, William W. Wood, from Accounting Clerk to Supervisory Fiscal Accountant, Maintenance I >iv ision. James F. Ahearn, from Plumber, Maintenance Division, to Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. Reed R. Mcllvaine, from Supervisory Clerk, Tivoli Guest House, to Accountant, Internal Audit Staff. Charles J. Holmes, from Machinist to Motorboat Maintenance Mechanic, Dredging Division. Harry J. Linker, from Motorboat Maintenance Mechanic, Dredging Division, to Diesel Operator-Machinist, Electrical Division. Thomas A. Brennan, from Diesel Operator-Machinist to Operator ForemanMechanic, Electrical Division. OFFICE OF GOVERNOR-PRESIDENT Frederick L. Denton, from Auditor, Internal Accounts Staff, to Organization and Methods Examiner, Executive Planning Staff. HEALTH BUREAU Mrs. Ana L. Alvarez, from ClerkTypist, Gorgas Hospital, to Supervisory Clerk-Stenographer, Board of Health Laboratory. Florence H. Edbrooke, from Assistant Director of Nurses to Director of Nurses, Colon Hospital. Dr. John M. Wilkerson, from Chief, Medical Service, Colon Hospital to Superintendent, Colon Hospital, and Colon Health Officer. Mrs. Ethel K. Hearn, from Staff Nurse to Head Nurse, Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Ruth A. Fishbough, from Accounting Clerk to Medical Record Librarian, Gorgas Hospital. Eller J. Holcomb, from Staff Nurse, Colon Hospital, to Public Health Nurse, Division of Quarantine. Mrs. Barbara M. Armistead, ClerkTypist, from Division of Storehouses to Gorgas Hospital. Thelma L. Capwell, from Staff Nurse, Gorgas Hospital, to Head Nurse, Corozal Hospital. Dr. Leo Rettinger, Medical Officer, from Atlantic Medical Clinics to Colon Hospital. Mrs. Johanna E. Hargy, Staff Nurse, from Colon Hospital to Atlantic Medical Clinics. Mrs. Gilma J. Cude, from ClerkStenographer, Internal Security Branch, to Clerk-Typist, Board of Health Laboratory. Rae F. Elicker, from Staff Nurse, Atlantic Medical Clinics, to Assistant Director of Nurses, Colon Hospital. INTERNAL SECURITY BRANCH Philip M. Goodman, from Investigator to Assistant Chief of Internal Security. Mrs. Evelyn D. Engelke, Clerk-Stenographer, from Police Division to Internal Security Branch. MARINE BUREAU Hubert Hart, from Fireman, Fire Division, to Towing Locomotive Operator, Atlantic Locks. Marion B. Woodruff, from Policeman, Police Division, to Towing Locomotive Operator, Pacific Locks. Henry P. Butcher, Jr., from Guard, Atlantic Locks, Security Branch, to 'Towing Locomotive Operator, Atlantic Locks. Claude H. Knox, from Restaurant Manager, Cristobal Clubhouse, to Guard, Locks Security Branch. John W. Whipple, from Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division, to Dock Foreman, Navigation Division. Walter J. LaMont, from Assistant to Superintendent, Northern District, Motor Transportation Division, to Towing Locomotive Operator, Pacific Locks. Charles 0Peters, Jr., from Assistant Foreman, Atlantic Locks, to Towing Locomotive Operator, Pacific Locks. John E. Hoger, from Guard to Towing


March 5, 1954 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Forty Years Ago In February An Executive Order, providing conditions for employment for the permanent force of the Panama Canal, was signed by President Woodrow Wilson. To be effective April 1, 1914, it provided for: A 25 percent salary differential, based on Government compensation in the United States; an eight-hour working day for those above the grade of laborer; free medical and hospital care for employees. It also restricted employment, with a few exceptions, to citizens of the United States and Panama, in those jobs paying over $75 monthly or 40 cents hourly, and established that a charge might be made for rent, fuel, and electric current "in accordance with such regulations as the President may hereafter establish." The erection of structural steel in the framework and roof trusses of the new Administration Building was completed and the walls were up to the level of the second floor around most of the building. The first Canal Administration Building, meanwhile, urns sold to the Panama Government for about $80,000. Built for a hotel, it was sold to the French Canal Company in 1881 and transferred to the U. S. in 1901 It is now the main Panama Junior Councilmen On the waterway itself, work was almost finished. All work on the lock gates, except for some painting, had been completed. The control houses for all three sets of locks were practically done. At Gatun five submarines, which had been stationed at the Atlantic entrance to the Canal for over a year, were drydocked in the upper east chamber for overhaul. On February 4, 40 years ago, the Senate confirmed the nomination of Col. George W. Goethals as the firstGovernor of The Panama Canal. Another appointment was that of "Naval Constructor" Daniel C. Nutting, Jr., as Superintendent of the Mechanical Division. Locomotive Operator, Atlantic Locks. Milton M. LaCroix, from Lock Operator Machinist, Atlantic Locks, to Motorboat Maintenance Mechanic, Aids to Navigation Section. George S. Zimmerman, from Lock Operator Machinist Leader to Lockmaster, Atlantic Locks. Henry H. Shirk, from Lock Operator Machinist to Lock Operator Machinist Leader, Atlantic Locks. Alvin P. Lim, Sheetmetal Worker, from Maintenance Division to Industrial Division, SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU Evelyn M. Molyneaux, from Ticket Seller, Clubhouse Division, to Clerk-Typist Division of Storehouses. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU Milton E. Stone, from Shipjoiner, Industrial Division, to Freight Traffic Clerk, Terminals Division. James A. Brooks, from Supervisory Storekeeper to Claims Investigator, Terminals Division. George A. Jones, Jr., from Accounting Clerk to Supervisory Business Accountant, Terminals Division. John K. Brayton, from Supervisory Storekeeper to Supervisory Traffic Clerk, Terminals Division. Henry E. May, Jr., from Freight Traffic Clerk to Supervisory Property and Supply Clerk, Terminals Division. Nancy A. Ramsey, from Typist to Clerk-Typist, Terminals Division. GATUN JUNIOR COUNCILMEN protected last month to The Panama Canal Review that thev are very much alive. The Review had been erroneously informed, by a Gatun resident no less, that the town had no Junior Civic Council. .Mice Hannigan, Junior Council President, explains the organization: "The Junior Council has 52 members. All those living in Gatun and riding the school busses to and from Cristobal Junior High and Senior High School are members. We were organized in the mid1 940's under the guidance of the Gatun Civic Council to provide a system of self-government for the 'teenagers with regard for providing for any entertainment and amusement and to serve when needed as assistants to the Civic Council ... We believe that Gatun has the only Junior Civic Council and that its members rate recognition as a distinct part of the community of Gatun." Other officers of the Gatun Junior Council are Jay A. Cunningham, Vice President, and Grace Argo, Secretary Treasurer. Goethals Memorial Dedication Plans Rouse Interest Here And In States {Continued from page 1) later. This and many other details for the dedicatory services and events of the week of the program are still being considered by the committee. Many Prominent Visitors Expected Because of the international fame of General Goethals and his work on the Canal, the dedication program is expected to attract many visitors in addition to former employees who are planning to visit the Canal Zone that week. Among the distinguished guests who will be specially invited to attend will be members of General Goethals' family, members of the Goethals Memorial Commission, former Panama Canal Governors, and members of the Panama Canal Company Board of Directors. The Canal Board of Directors has authorized a special round-trip fare of $120 for former employees of the "Goethals era" on the Panama Line. The reduced fare will be offered on the two southbound sailings prior to the dedication and two northbound sailings after the event, to the extent accommodations are available. A large number of former employees now living in the States have indicated their intention of attending. They include many prominent Canal officials both of the construction era and later years, some of whom retired only a few years ago. Oldtimers Planning To Attend Nearly 100 applications for accommodations on the Panama Line had been received by February 16, the day after acceptance of applications began. The list included the following former employees: C. L. Bleakley, James E. Bradley, John Z. Bromley, Archie H. Burn, Adrian M. Butcher, Stuart G. Carkeet, Carl J. Clapp, Frank T. Clark, John P. Corrigan, St., H. T. Critchlow, Paul C. Curtis, John C. DeLaVergne, George E. Duckworth, John J. Eason, and Thomas N. Etchberger. David J. Evans, John J. Fitzpatrick, Maurice W. Fox, Alexander M. Fraser, Harry J. Gaeb, A. C. Garlington, Frank J. Gerchow, Archie M. Gibson, James J. Gilbert, Frank E. Greene, J. Wendell Greene, John R. Grobe, James P. Heenan, Charles D. Hoffman, George L. Hughes, Robert J. Huntoon, Ben Jenkins, Harry A. Kersey, Benjamin B. King, Sr., and Louis S. Kiser. Raymond S. Morris, John J. Murray, J. C. Myrick, Otho W. Nichols, William D. Rogers, Manning E. Rupp, Ralph H. Sarter, Harold M. Schmeck, Harry F. Sedwick, S. J. Shreves, Richard Slattery, Milton A. Smith, Joseph H. Stilson, Frederick G. Swanson, Richard G. Taylor, Edward J. Vogel, George B. Ward, Frank S. Wichman, and Daniel E. Wright. Many of those who made application will be accompanied by their wives. Clubhouse Financing Still Being Studied, Conferees Are Told (Continued from pagz 3) cooperation from council representatives in seeing that residents of their towns keep children away from the ladders and scaffolding being used in the present program of roof painting and repairs. Attending the conference were: The Governor; E. A. Doolan, Personnel Director; and Mr. Johnson, for the administration; and for the councils: Mr. Chase and Carl Hoffmeyer, Pacific; Fred W. Whitney, Pedro Miguel; James D. MacLean and P. B. Hutchings, Gamboa; Mrs. Thomas Gibson and Mr. Thomas, Gatun; and Mrs. Bleakley, Cristobal-Margarita.


16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW March 5, 1954 One-time Fire Station Becomes Home For Canal Zone's Senior Camera Club A PICTURE SHOW, color slides or black and white prints, always brings a bi? turnout at the Atlantic Camera Club. Camera fans, apparently, are of all ages The Atlantic. Camera Club, like any new householder, is house-proud. Today Camera Club members are just as apt to be discussing plumbing and paint as they are wide-angle lenses and fine-grain developers. For, after a good many years of moving from pillar to post, or anyway from one meeting place to another, the Camera Club has a home of its own. Unlike the Diablo Camera Club which owns its own building, the Atlantic Camera Club has its headquarters in a leased building, but its members hope that the location can be permanent for many years to come. The formal opening last December 1 1 of the club's new headquarters in a one-story building just outside the entrance to the Commissary Industrial Plant at Mount Hope, was a high spot in the history of the club which has had the longest continuous existence of any camera group in the Canal Zone. About 75 members and friends attended the opening, saw a print display and ate a fine dinner. Mrs. Harry Peck, whose husband is a camera fan and who turns out an occasional print herself, celebrated the occasion by making a decorated cake for the members and their guests. The cake was frosted with an icing map of the Isthmus of Panama, linking the American continents, with a circle showing the Club's location, and thinner lines of icing sketched some of a "shutter bug's" camera gear. Fire Station To Club With the formal opening of the building now history, the Camera Club members, headed by their president, C. S. Townshend, are turning their attention to arranging the interior of the building and fitting out the studio and darkroom it will contain. The big meeting room is in order, furnished with some items which the club had had in storage during their wandering period and with other things which members donated. Little work needs to be done in the library which will house files of photographic magazines, some of them complete for a dozen years past, and the club's collection of text and reference books on the fine art of picture taking and print making. The building was constructed originally as an auxiliary firepump shelter during the war years. Later it was used as a refrigeration service shop by the Commissary Division. It has a kitchen which members hope to turn into a darkroom. Organized In 1936 "On July 18, 1936," according to the minutes of the club's first meeting, "a group of interested persons met at the Cristobal Army and Navy YMCA for the purpose of discussing the formation of a Camera Club. It was agreed by those present to form such a club, its purpose being to facilitate the exchange of ideas on the technical phases of photography and to promote interest generally in this science as a hobby. "Mr. P. E. Miller (a Secretary for the Clubhouses; he resigned in 1942) was elected president and Mr. Carl G. Brown (now Chief of Area Sanitation in Ancon) Secretary-Treasurer. ' Today the Camera Club's senior member is Mrs. Esther Calcutt. Although she did not attend the organization meeting, she joined soon thereafter and showed prints in the club's first exhibition. She has been a member continuously, and its president for two years. For over a year after its formation the club met at the YMCA and then moved to a building in the playground area behind the Cristobal High School. In 1940, with material and labor donated by the members, a darkroom was added to the building. In 1952 this building was condemned and razed and the Camera Club found itself homeless. Search For A Home After a brief return to the YMCA, the Camera Club moved into space in the headquarters of the Inter-American Women's Club building. There meeting space was adequate but there were no opportunities or facilities for either darkroom or library, so last May the club moved again, this time to the Elks' Home in Brazos Heights. Meantime the club's officers and members kept on the lookout for a place which they could call their own. Several possibilities were explored and discarded and then, last summer, the Commissary Division said it no longer needed the building used for a refrigeration service shop. The space and location was close to ideal for the club's purposes and an offer was made to purchase it outright. No agreement was ever reached on this and last fall the building was turned over to the Camera Club under a lease which has no specified time limit and at a small monthly rental. The club maintains it and pays the cost of utilities. As in most camera clubs, members work in both color and in black and white. There are frequent print exhibits, the last one containing 37 prints. Coincidentally this was exactly the same number as had been shown in the first exhibit in December 1937. Member Of PSA Its affiliation with the Photographic Society of America enables its members to have their prints judged in competition with U. S. photographers and also provides a steady source of programs and photographic information for local camera fans. Membership in the Camera Club is open to anyone interested in photography, civilian or military. A number of the military members have been outstanding photographers and, club officers say, have contributed much to their fellows in the way of lectures, demonstrations, and criticisms. The Camera Club has reciprocated; not long ago Atlantic Camera Club members served as judges for prints and slides made by the then active Fort Sherman Camera Club. **r M| tn = CHa NEW HOME for the Atlantic Camera Club is this frame building near the Commissary Division entrance at Mount Hope. Over the almost 18 years of its existence the Camera Club membership has varied between a high of around 50 to a low of only two or three. Today the roster stands at about 40. Regular meetings are held on the second and fourth Mondays of each month. At each meeting, at any of which guests are welcome, members show work on one or two of the many projects which are always under way. New officers for the Camera Club were elected in February and take office this month. In addition to Captain Townshend, the president, they are: F. G. Farrell, vice president; John J. Devlin, Treasurer; and Mrs. Buren Douglas, Secretary. I

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