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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Gift of the Panama Canal Museum
Vol. 3, No. 12 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JULY 3, 1953 5 cents
Board Chairman Plans
is In Zone
tion will affect
the future aren
by Under Se
Army Earl D.
his present vis
As Chairman of ti
y years min
y of the
he Board of Directors
of the Panama Canal Company the
Under Secretary is one of the key Wash-
ington officials in Canal affairs. His
present trip is his first to the Isthmus and
a busy schedule has been arranged which
will permit his personal inspection of the
major Canal installations in addition to
many conferences for background infor-
mation on a variety of subjects.
The Under Secretary is accompanied
by Mrs. Johnson and their son, Raud E.
Johnson. Other members of his party
are Michael E. Kalettc, consultant to the
Under Secretary; Col. John T. O'Neill
and Lt. Col. Homer H. Bowman, members
of the Under Secretary's personal staff;
and Chief Warrant Officer DeBolt G.
The party arrived
on the Panama liner
welcomed at shipside
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Tomorrow On Both Sides Of Isthmus
At June Conference
Discussion of commissaries, clubhouses,
and housing occupied most of the time of
the June Governor-Employee conference,
with housing-from point of view of time
elapsed-heading the list. Housing mat-
ters which were brought up ranged from
assignments to types.
The June conference,
weather, was one of the
As usual it opened
questions which had
at previous meetings
announcements made b
despite the sultry
liveliest in recent
bold. During this part of the confer-
ence, the Governor told the employee
That the "emergency" service sections
at Balboa and Cristobal Commissaries
would be open for the last time on
That any changes min the policy of
capital evaluation of houses would be
reviewed first by him and then by the
Board of Directors;
That no decision had yet been reached
on the closing of the Gamboa Clubhouse,
a subject brought up again later during
the conference and discussed more fully;
That a new housing assignment policy
had been established under which a
limited number of one-bedroom, four-
family houses of the 215 type in Diablo
and Margarita will be set aside for assign-
ment by seniority to bachelors; to qualify
for such an assignment, however, a
bachelor must have not less than 15 years
service, he said;
That the American Institute of Laun-
dries, an association to which the Canal
laundry belongs, had made a favorable
report on the type of work being done
locally on washable materials.
James P. Boukalis, of the Machinists,
commented on the recent order requiring
the licensing of all dogs in the Canal Zone
and asked that the Canal Zone criminal
code be amended to provide for punish-
ment of anyone who injured an animal.
Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director,
said that a provision of this sort is under
study in the General Counsel's Office for
inclusion in future revisions of the Code.
FOURTH OF JULY, 1919, brought out decorations like this for the little park in front of the
Flag raising, patriotic and athletic
programs, and fireworks will be the order
of the day tomorrow when the Canal Zone
celebrates the Fourth of July.
On the Pacific side, the Independence
Day activities will be centered in Balboa
as they have been for years. The Atlantic
side celebration will take place in
The Pacific side program will get under
way tonmgnh, witn a (
ican Legion Club neal
Both sides of the C
flag raising. That at
at the flag pole near th
the Balboa parade
flag raising in front
house and will be
ren's parade down
For both sides
lance at the Amer-
r Fort Amador.
anal Zone will open
with a parade and
Margarita will end
ie Margarita school;
vill begin with the
of the Balboa Club-
lowed by the child-
Sthe Isthmus, the
ll be laid on activi-
ties for the younger generation-athletic
events, rides on jeeps, kiddie trains (made
up of the little industrial trucks which
ordinarily scurry around the docks), fire
trucks, and, at Margarita, on the Army's
There will be a swimming meet at the
Gatun pool at 9:30 a. m., and one at
Balboa at 1:30 p. m.
At 3:30 p. m. there will be patriotic
exercises at the Balboa stadium with Lt.
Gov. Harry 0. Paxson as the day's chief
speaker. This will be followed by a
massed band concert. The band concert
on the Atlantic side will begin at 6 p. m.
and will be held near the Margarita school.
Traditional fireworks displays will end
Fourth of July activities for both sides.
On the Pacific side, Sosa Hill will be the
firing spot, as it has been for a number
The Margarita fireworks will be set
off from a location near the baseball field.
Both fireworks displays are to start at
7:30 p. m.
Emmett Zemer is chairman of the
Pacific side July 4 celebration; S. Ross
Cunningham heads the Atlantic side
I � 1 I.
July 3, 1953
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
In Accounting Methods
Of Canal Organization
A revised accounting system designed
to simplify procedures and permit a
ready identification of direct costs for
each activity in the complex Company-
Government operations was adopted
July 1, the beginning of the new fiscal
The new system entails some major
changes in accounting policies and pro-
cedures. Basically it eliminates the
confusing method of applying to indi-
vidual activities indirect charges over
which those concerned with the activities
have, in fact, no control.
The stripping of each function to its
elemental costs, primarily materials and
labor, is expected to increase cost aware-
ness and to provide better accountability
for those responsible for individual
The revised accounting system is called
"activity accounting" since cost and
revenue data will be accumulated by
activities. An "activity" is defined in a
memorandum to Bureau Directors, on
the new system, as the work or operation
of a single organizational unit relating
to a single function or purpose. Except
for job order work, it represents the
lowest practicable unit for accounting
One account will be maintained for each
activity and every item of income or cost
will be carried to and remain in that
particular account. Several activity
accounts will generally be required to
determine unit costs. Where costs are
transferred between activities, the distri-
bution credit will be carried in a separate
account so as to retain the record of the
total costs incurred by an activity.
"Activity Accounting" is not new. This
or similar accounting procedures are
widely used in private enterprise and in
many other U. S. Government agencies.
The system is expected to facilitate
accounting work in the Canal organiza-
tion because of the great variety of
operations and types of services.
The newly adopted system will require
an almost complete recomputation of the
Company's internal rates for transferring
_ _ _- _.- 1. 1~ - - > r~
DEPARTMENT OP THE ARMY
OFFICE OF THE UNO NR SECRETARY
23 June 1953
Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Dear Governor Seybold:
In response to inquiries from Congress and other interested
agencies, Secretary of the Ary Robert T. Stevens has directed that
I conduct a thorouO renew of military service and Panma Canal
Coapiany activities, with a view toward making 6uch recommendations
as will reduce any unnecessary costs in the Caribbean area. My
present trip is an integral part of this review process. More-
over, it wl satisfy a lon -standing desire to see the great
engineering marvel, and it winl give me a better understanding
of the many problems affecting the operation and administration
of the Canal Zone.
The role of the Panama Canal In our nation's welfare and its
importance in international affair. are no less today than at any
time in its history. I hope that my present visit will provide me
with a co.prehensin understanding of the many facets of its
operation as well as the personal problems which affect the welfare
of the employees and their famllles who are responsible for its
I would lke to assure all employees that I consider their
personal problem of major importance in the continued efficient
operation of the waterway and its necessary adjuncts.
^7 ~ ** . y .
Earl D. Johnson
Under Secret6�y of the Army
time in the
m page ) during his 10-
Except at the close of the
n period, there has been no
Canal's history that such a
questions of far-reaching
has arisen at one time.
among these are plans for
the capacity of the Canal;
es; administrative matters of
est to employees, such as the
study directed by the Senate Appropria-
tions Committee on compensation and
fringe benefits; and the quarters
Not only are all of the subjects of major
importance, each one is of such a nature
that a solution at an early date is indi-
cated. Most of these are of an abstract
nature which will require the Board
Chairman to spend much of his time in
conference with officials concerned.
Aside from this Under Secretary
Tn^hncn/n bca y~qt^-/ +nf mnlrn^/ .m n~nwit~onnl
calls for visits to one or more set of Locks;
a trip through Gaillard Cut; and inspec-
tion of new housing areas, terminal
facilities, Clubhouses, Commissaries, Hos-
pitals, and other Canal Zone Government
The complete schedule of the Under
Secretary's activities had not been an-
nounced when this edition of THE
CANAL REVIEW went to press, and the
exact dates of his visits to various
installations were still to be set.
Mr. Johnson's service as Chairman of
the Board of Directors of the Panama
Canal Company began two months ago.
He was appointed to the post by Secretary
of the Army
member of t
- _. a -
hio, and is
* Stevens in April
but continued as
y is a native of
a graduate of the
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
July 3, 1953
WATER for Panama City was first supplied from this reservoir at Rio Grande not far from the
present Empire rifle range. The lake has been dry for years, hut the tower in the background is still
standing and may identify the location for those who drive on the road to Empire, Culebra and Paja.
Termination of the water management
contract and the agreement by which the
Canal collected garbage in the terminal
cities of Panama and Colon and the
assumption of responsibility for these
services by the Republic of Panama
ended almost 50 years of Canal Zone
association with the Republic's water
and garbage services.
From late 1903 until July 1 of this
year, either in connection with the water
and sewage systems or from funds derived
from the management contract, there were
laid in Panama and Colon 46 miles of
pipe, varying from 6 inches to 16 inches
in diameter, 56 miles of sewer lines and 43
miles of paved streets. In addition
streets were maintained in both terminal
There was no public water supply in the
city of Panama and only a limited supply
in Colon when the United States took over
the French Canal Company's properties
in May 1904.
One of the articles of the 1903 treaty
provided, among other things, that Pan-
ama grant the United States the right
"to any works of sanitation such as the
collection and disposition of sewage and
the distribution of water in the cities of
Panama and Colon."
The expense of such works was to be
borne by the United States, which was
authorized "to impose and collect water
rates and sewage rates" sufficient to
amortize their cost in a 50-year period.
At the end of this period, these properties
were to revert to Panama.
Water From Rio Grande
Engineers immediately went to work on
the Panama City water system, finally
deciding to supply the city from the head-
waters of the Rio Grande, about 10 miles
.�.^ . , &'LU .- ^.. .. � � ... .. i _.r / -.1 .. i-.....
16-inch pipe, from the Rio Grande to a
million-gallon distributing reservoir in
Ancon, from which it would feed into
Panama by gravity flow. The water sys-
tem was designed to supply a population
of 30,000 people with 60 gallons apiece
There was some delay in construction
of the Ancon reservoir and pending its
completion the city was supplied by direct
pressure from the Rio Grande pipeline.
Water was turned on in Panama City for
the first time on July 4, 1905.
The Isthmian Canal Commission report
for that year recounts how the Municipal
Council held a special session and adopted
a resolution of thanks to the government
of the Canal Zone. The President, his
cabinet, and Canal Zone officials attended
a special Mass of thanks in the Cathedral
in Panama City.
By the end of 1906, the water system
for the capital was completed, except for
a few house connections. Where these
were still lacking fire hydrants supplied
Water For Colon
On the Atlantic side, the story was
somewhat different. In 1904, that part of
Colon which was occupied by officials and
employees of the Panama Railroad and
by foreign consuls was supplied with
water brought by the Railroad Company
through a small iron pipe from a small
reservoir near Mt. Hope. The rest of the
population collected ramin water in iron
In 1906 the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission reported a successful solution to
this problem, saying: "Colon and Cris-
tobal now have an abundant supply of
pure and wholesome water from a receiv-
ing reservoir two miles back from Mt.
Hope. This reservoir has a capacity of
508,000,000 gallons. . . . Street hydrants
have been placed every 700 feet in Colon
to supply the inhabitants with water until
house connections are made."
During the quarter ending June 30,
1906, by which time there were 432 con-
sumers in Panama City, a water rate was
set at $4 silver a quarter. This entitled
the consumer to 10,000 gallons of water
during the quarter; there was a charge
of "40 cents silver" for each additional
1,000 gallons but the
(See page 13)
July 3, 1953
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
FOR YOUR INTER
You Have Bad Luck?
Many of us still think accidents just
happen-that they are due mostly to
bad luck. When such a person has an
accident his thinking is usually as follows:
"It was just my hard luck; I have been
pushing my luck too long; I was due to
have one sooner or later." This kind of
thinking is similar to believing that black
cats leave an invisible cloud of bad luck
in their wake from which there is no
escape. Nothing can be farther from the
truth. You can avoid having an accident.
Granted, one or two accidents out of a
hundred may be caused by an "Act of
God," things we are powerless to prevent,
such as earthquakes, tornadoes, and tidal
waves; however, nowadays, it is possible
to protect yourself even against these.
The other 99 accidents can be avoided if
you do something about them in person.
It may not be possible for you to
guarantee your own safety all the time,
because others may do something which
involves you in an accident. Yet, even
these can be avoided with everybody
working together for his own safety.
Think back to some of the accidents
you have seen or heard about. Didn't
Bureau Award For
, AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR
Health- . .--------------- .2
Community Services--- .----- 1
Engineering and Construction------ 1
Railroad and Terminals 0------
Supply and Service. -------------- 4
wr * A. -- * UT^.
someone say that the man was careless;
that he wasn't watching what he was do-
ing? Why sure, that is just what the
usual explanation has been. Someone
did something wrong- he did something
that could have been done better and
more safely. Now what can you do
personally to prevent having an accident?
Take a look at the way you work. A
lot of people work with you and someone
helps you in one way or another. You
know that there must be cooperation and
teamwork to get a job done. Therefore,
teamwork and looking after the other
fellow's safety, as well as your own, will
also prevent accidents. The following
suggestions will give some idea on how
1. Consider safety as much a part
of your job as knowing how to do the
2. Look for hazards around your job.
3. When you see something that
might cause an accident, stop and fix
it. What if someone else did leave it?
That is no reason for you to walk off
and not make it right. Always bend
down that nail; pick up those tools;
move that pipe out of the way; clean
up that broken glass.
4. If you see something you cannot
fix or have no time to repair, then tell
someone else who can. Let your boss
know of all unsafe conditions and
hazards before starting the job.
5. Be alert every minute while you
are working to protect yourself and
6. When you are doing hazardnius
- r * - - - . -^ -- -�-^-.� ^- -. ' *. .
protect yourself properly with
, safety hat, safety shoes, face
Engineering and Construction Bureau
On Having Bad Luck
mask, respirator, or whatever the job
7. See that everybody working with
you is protected by proper clothing and
8. Stop whatever you are doing and
set up proper safeguards so no one else
will be hurt as a result of what you are
9. If you are not sure it is safe for
you to proceed, check with your boss
to learn the safe way.
10. If you, as the boss, are doubtful
call your Safety Inspector.
11. Always find out first how to work
safely. NEVER TAKE A CHANCE.
12. Make yourself a good example for
others. Be enthusiastic for Safety.
Influence others to work safely. Keep
your work area clean and orderly.
13. Go cautiously. Trying to work
too fast and taking short cuts to save
time often results in accidents. Take
a few moments to think how to do the
job safely. A moment of thought may
save hours of delay and days of personal
14. Cooperate with those who are
trying to prevent accidents. They are
thinking of your safety.
15. When you are injured, compensa-
tion is a poor substitute for the suffer-
ing, loss of pay, and the jeopardizing of
your family's welfare.
16. If you do have an injury, no
matter how small, protect your life and
limb by getting immediate first aid
and medical treatment.
Safety-mindedness and accident pre-
vention is one part of the job that can be
safely taken home. Let this part of your
job worry you at home and while you are
taking your recreation. Off the job acci-
dent prevention is equally as important to
you and your family as safety on the job
Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked
I ,^ � .....
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
July 4, 1953
The Strangler Fig, pictured in the
accompanying photograph, does exactly
what its name implies.
It begins to grow on other trees when
a seed, usually dropped by a bird or in
some other fashion, lodges in a crevice
or at the base of spreading palm leaves.
The fig sends small feeder roots to the
ground and continues to grow.
Over a period of years the roots
increase in number and encircle the entire
trunk of the host plant. As both trees
grow, the fig's roots tighten, until all
circulation to the original tree is cut off
and it dies.
By this time the fig, whose botanical
name is Ficus, is strong enough to support
its own branch
DRESSING DOLLS is a hobby for Mrs. Claude M. Kreger of Gamboa. The Scotcn lassie in the
foreground, the demure Dutch maid on the fence, and the five Panamanian dolls are only a few of the
many she has dressed.
Mrs. Margaret B. Kreger of Gamboa
plays with dolls-but only to dress them
in fancy finery and then give them
away. She has dressed hundreds in the
past three years but has only those
shown in the accompanying picture to
show her handiwork.
About 100 of her finely dressed dolls
were given last Christmas to children
in an orphanage in Colon and other poor
children in Panama. Her niece in
Europe has a collection of 80 that Mrs.
Kreger has dressed. Many others have
been sold and the proceeds given to
charitable and community organizations.
Girls State, sponsored by the American
Legion, will benefit this year from the
proceeds from three of her larger dolls.
Mrs. Kreger has been an active member
of the American Legion Auxiliary Post 6
at Gamboa for the past 10 years.
Other doll sales have financed sizable
gifts for food packages and clothing sent
to Czechoslovakia, earthquake victims
in Ecuador and a $100 check last Christ-
mas given to Panama's First Lady as
head of the Panama Red Cross for use
in the purchase of foodstuffs for the
city's poor children.
Dolls dressed by Mrs. Kreger are a
cosmopolitan group. The first one she
made was a blonde Scotch lassie who
engagement at the theater, Mrs. Kreger
grew up all over the world but received
most of her education in French and
English convents and in Germany where
she was taught needlework of all kinds.
From that time on, she made all her
own clothes, including the theatrical
costumes she wore when she followed in
her parent's footsteps, playing in theaters
all over Europe and the United States.
ies. It frequently outlives
and overtops the host tree; sometimes the
host tree disappears entirely, leaving the
giant climber twined around a large,
Many species of the Strangler Fig then
drop aerial roots to the ground. These
form what may be called a new trunk.
They continue spreading, killing any trees
in their way.
married and retired from
the stage in 1927, she has also made all
the clothing worn by her husband, Claude
M. Kreger, Rotary Drill Operator in the
Mrs. Kreger studied dolls a long time
before she tried to dress one, inspecting
all that she could find and studying the
costumes of many nations as they were
shown in pictures and books.
The materials that go into the costumes
for the dolls come from many unsus-
pected sources. The "golc
jewelry worn by one of her d
fancy chain belt once worn by
the Gay Nineties era. Gold
beads go into the making of j
pollera dressed dolls. Their
ques" are tiny beads, "pearls,
scales strung on fine wires.
olls was a
a belle of
" and fish
STRANGLER FIGS engulf their hosts. This tree
is one of two in a meadow near Ridge Road, Balboa
Heights. Another fine specimen is in George Green
Park on Madden Road.
It is said that Alexander the Great once
camned under such a tree. which was
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Panama Canal Company Publication Third
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Printing Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President
H. O. PAXSON,
J. RUFus HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MClLHENNY
SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-10 centseach
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor,Administration Building,
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to Editor, THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
THE THIRD COMMENDATION received by Thomas S. Grai
seamanship is presented to the motorboat operator hy C('apt. Horatio
A copy of the letter to Thomas Grant also went to Rafael A. Lest
for which the commendation was
At the height of the windstorm which struck the Pacific si
the two employees
nt for personal bravery and excelle
A. Lincoln, Balboa Port Captain.
, left, who assisted in the
de of the Isthmus the afternoon of May 27,
sized cayuco which had overturned in the
The Panamanians, residents of Taboga, had clung to their capsized boat for about an hour before they
were picked up in the Canal channel near Flamenco Island.
The motorboat operator and seaman, in the launch M
storm broke to pick up a Panama Canal pilot, also towed to safety
which had been dispatched before the
a Panamanian schooner in the same
was drifting toward the shoals.
On two other occasions the launch operator had been highly commended for similar
1935, he rescued, under trying conditions, 16 crew members and
Applications May Be Filed
13, August 7
off the motorboat B. E. de Obarrio when it sank after a collision with the S. S. Cathwood.
In July 1940, while he was operating the U. S. Cotinga, he sighted and saved from drowning an
ican man and woman who had been in the
The launch operator on that
of the Canal for about four hours after their sailboat
artificial respiration administered after they were rescued.
"You displayed an utter disregard for your personal
good judgment and expert seamanship.
was credited with
I take pleasure in comn
ance, which is in keeping with the highest standards of
their lives by having
and you also exhibited quick thinking,
mending you for this excellent perform-
in the Panama Canal Company," the
for the 22 houses now
under construction on Empire Street in
Balboa will be accepted by the Housing
Office at Balboa starting July 13 and up
to 4:15 o'clock
in the afternoon
It is expected that the 24 apartments
in the development will be available for
late in August or early in
Port Captain wrote min his
letter of commendation.
T'he launch operator has been employed as seaman and motorboat operator in the Canal
tions at the
when the rest of the Commissaries are
closed will be discontinued July 13.
special Monday service was made fol-
lowing a suggestion from an employee
representative in the monthly Gover-
in 20 different Company-
Fifty of the vacationing
U. S.-rate positions and t
on local-rate rolls.
there were about
100 students employed
during the sumnmar vacation period.
OF CURRENT INTEREST
For Empire Street Houses
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
July 3, 1953
usually called the Army and asked if a
balloon were loose. Frequently the dis-
patcher's call was the Army's first infor-
mation that a balloon had broken from
its moorings. The trailing cables would
drag across the lines and put them out of
caught under wires
the Miraflores state
window frames, and b
metal door at the 1
station. Herbert F.
ing Chief Dispatcher
night. He recalls
back of t
, was on
t a heavy
From Power Supply
While handling emergencies like that
of the recent Saturday evening is an
important part of the
MACHINES dwarf men at the Madden hydroelectric station, source of the bulk of Canal Zonselectric
power. Lew Ryan, Madden Chief Operator, in a flowered shirt, talks with Pat Coakley, acting supervisor
for the southern district of the Power Branch. In the background is James Sobers, one of the oilers.
recent Saturday n
flickered in houses all over
side of the Canal Zone.
dimmed, almost went out.
In the Power Dispatcher's
Miraflores Diesel-electric stati
bell rang. At the same time
on his switchboard indicate
disturbance in the normally
of electric power. Simnult
the Gatun hydroelectric sta
instruments showed Operat
William Schuster that the
power system had "lost
ice in the
plant," as electricians say.
At Miraflores, Power Dispatcher John
S. Skinner, Jr., blew a siren; Daniel J.
Sullivan, Diesel engineer on watch, dropped
whatever he was doing and started up
one of the plant's Diesel units, affection-
ately known to the men who work there
as "rock crushers." Mr.Skinnerconnected
this and other units to the electric lines,
as needed, to assure light and power to
the locks and the power system's other
or snakes. A power failure
mean that a sloth has slowly
transmission tower and taken
fatal grasp on a high-voltage
snake may have slithered ac
and put it out of service.
Until the garbage dump at
moved some time ago, a powe
the transmission lines north
usually meant that a buzza
lookout for a tasty morsel in
had chosen the power line for
r failure on
rd, on the
During the war, barrage balloons were
frequent causes of power failures. If a
line went out the dispatcher on duty
it is no
t by any means
Branch of the
main job is to
has a steady
to operate the
houses and offices, run
lathes, washing machines, el
typewriters, heat bakery o
Vhey, and the
I part of the
at the Canal
y of electric
and dry closets, and do the hundred-
and-one things for which electricity is
Power in the Canal Zone is generated
by two fluids: Water and oil. Water, in
the principal of the old mill wheel, oper-
ates the generators at Madden and Gatun
hydroelectric plants. Diesel oil, on the
principle of the internal combustion en-
gine, runs the six Diesel generating
stations. The system's main Diesel plant
at Miraflores is manned day and night
for emergencies such as that on the
- ~- ~
1HE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Saturday night we've been talking about.
The other Diesel stations, most of them
built during the war, are used as standbys
and for emergency power supply.
The Madden hydroelectric station is
the system's major power producer.
Water from Madden Lake flows through
great pipes under the station floor,
through turbines which turn the gener-
ators to make electric power and out,
under the station, to the river below the
In the station's spotless long, narrow
main room, where the temperature is at
least 90 degrees all the time, are three
big, flat-topped semi-ovals. These house
the generators themselves. Atop each
housing is a pile of cylindrical shapes,
each smaller than the one beneath like a
set of child's graduated blocks. These are
the "exciters." Each controls the oper-
ations of the one beneath.
"Without these little babies and their
direct current, the big boy (the generator)
below won't produce alternating current,"
Madden Station's Chief, Lew Ryan
Over Transmission Lines
Madden and Gatun hydroelectric
stations generate current at 6,000 volts,
a volt being a unit of electrical pressure.
Outside the station the voltage is stepped
up by means of transformers to the
44,000 volts at which it is transmitted.
The generators cannot produce current
of such high voltage but it is desirable
for more efficient power flow. Over the
high voltage lines, suspended on their
towers, the electricity is transmitted to
the various substations.
Maintenance of the transmission lines
is a major problem. They are patrolled
twice a month and, in addition, always
the day after a power failure. Some
sections of the lines are patrolled by car,
some by "speeders" on the railroad,
others on foot. Sometimes the towers,
12 and 13 on the Madden Line.
in the Forest Preserve. To
reach them linemen have to follow paths
through head-high undergrowth.
On these patrols, linemen all too
frequently find that someone has made
off with equipment for its metal value.
Formerly the linemen had been able to
store strings of porcelain insulators-a
four-insulator unit weighs 81 pounds-
at the bases of some of the more isolated
towers and thus avoid hauling them in
CABLE SPLICERS work underground, but do not usually have as much space as this. John C. Francis
works on cables in a double manhole while his helper, Stanford E. Allen, stands ready to assist him.
He is not onl
but he is also op
substation in tim
operator for the
by remote contr
at the Balboa,
a question and ai
when there is tro
y the power dispatcher
erator of the Miraflores
e of trouble, power plant
Miraflores plant, and,
ol, substation operator
Gamboa, and Summit
:ording to Acting Chief
ert Paddock, he is also
answer man. Invariably
uble and the dispatcher
is in the middle of dealing with it, people
call up to tell him what he already knows,
that their lights are off. This is especi-
ally true if a failure happens during the
peak load periods-8 to 11 a. m. week-
days and early evenings over weekends.
As dispatcher he controls the flow of
power into the various substations, where
it is stepped down by transformers to the
2,200 volts which run through under-
ground cables to the consumers. At the
consumer end, in the little block-like
transformer houses one sees here and
there, the power is again stepped down,
this time to the 220 or 110 volts which
is safe for house or office service.
To The User
The amount of
consumes is measi
watt-hour meter if o
Reading and testing
men like Ernest
Kaan who, between
ings, work in the electric:
repair shop at the Balboa fi
Meter readers, on their r
9,000 watt-hour charges,
it each user
Sa meter, a
t be technical.
s is the job of
y meter read-
pounds of their
They are followed by mis-
children with a million questions
t upon by irritable dogs, and
by irritated housewives who
to know why their light bills are so
"when Mrs. Jones across the street
twice as much baking and her bill's
nothing like mine!"
Processing the meter
roll deduction as well
intra-agency billing by
Office requires consider
consumer doesn't pay
* readings for pay-
as for cash and
rable time so the
for his light until
about six weeks after the meters are
1~~ T P
Canal Zone u
;Electricity for which
a Canal Zone user
and that amount
Cre costs $5.35 in
ci rrnt I
But in San Antonio,
h a Canal Zonian pay
and that for which
use more current per hour than a light or
a motor on an electric fan refrigerator,
changer, or vacuum cleaner.
1,0()(00)-watt iron consumes 1 kilowatt hour
of electrical energy as against 0.1 of a
kilowatt hour for
each hour of operate
a 100O-watt light, for
ion. However, many
heating appliances have heat-regulating
thermostats which snap the current on
heat an iron just to press a blouse. It
takes current to heat that iron. Wait
until there are half a dozen blouses and
do them all at one time.
Don't use an
oven just to bake potatoes; cook a meat
a pio at the same time.
hot water faucets make
a water heater
work overtime; youngsters opening and
closing refrigerators doors make refriger-
ator motors work extra and electric bills
Maids are generally less careful
with electric current than their employers,
who have to pay the bills.
People who talk about the "good old
aren't thinking about electricity.
Among the property turned over to the
United States by the French Canal
s MACY'S had full-page ads in New York
a papers to tell the world about "Scrabble."
Locally, it might do what the television we
don't have can't to keep the family on the
Scrabble, that has Macy
crossword game with a scoring system that
fits the tastes and talents of both
copywriters gamboled through the
usual gimmicks to tell how much fun Scrabble
is. To which the Canal Commissaries could
only add: "We sell it for only $2.50."
have made t
soon in the Commis-
II make the
job of filling
making of pie
will be blueberry and cherry
both of which have
and stock added to
pie crust and
to Fill an eight-
will cost about
mne cans are
NEW NYLON TIES for men will be in the
They are grenadine
rough, almost like monk's cloth-and are in
solid colors and small prints. They will cost
"Pop Coats" a
re now arriving
\mong the many pretty
new polished and embossed
e white pique Pop Coats"
INDOOR-OUTDOOR furniture with unusu-
ally pleasing lines, tubular steel construction
dy as it is light in weight and
seats and backs in tomato or
and plums can be
styles and slipovers, in three- and two-tone
color combinations are expected early in
July. They will cost about $4.
re new lines
metics-new to Yardley's and
new in the Commissaries-for
both men and
A KITCHEN SERVANT that will take the
tedium out of a multitude of cooking chores
is the Griscer
all-purpose kitchen cutter that
has been ordered for the Commissaries and
It has been
so well advertised and
liked by those who have used it, about the
only thing left to tell Commissary customers is
that locally it will cost about $10 complete
with four cutters.
They are: The chopper that crumbs bread,
chops nuts and vegetables very fine, crushes
ice, prices potatoes; a shredder that shreds
coconut, cheese, lemon or orange rind, car-
rots and other firm vegetables, crumbs crack-
ers, toast, bread, chocolate, cuts nut meats,
etc.; a shoestringer that shoe-
strings vegetables, soup stock, casserole
dishes, cuts fruit and other foods for baking,
salads and candies, etc.; and the
slicer (thin) that cuts cabbage, peppers,
onions, cucumbers, radishes, carrots for salads,
etc., reduces green or wax beans to bits and
is fine for potato chips, for instance.
A baby ser
a table with
seat for the
baby right in the
it can continue
as a game and play
er-lined shoes for men-the kind
that are built for long wear-are
coming to the Commissaries from
England. There will be plain toe
some time, is
n 1. . I rnro TflO'J
~AJtII md nknnf ~A OR
I . .
of power which
Brought 'Em Back If They
For 42 years Canal Zone convicts have
had to reckon with Sidney King, who is
credited with bringing back mist of the
prisoners who have broken out of Canal
There have been 39 attempted escapes
in local penal history but only one convict,
No. 643, got away for good. That was
back in 1913 and things have changed a
lot since then, according to the long-
time guard and clerk who remembers all
the prison breaks.
No. 643 first made an unsuccessful
attempt to break out of the stockade at
Mandingo and was shot by the guard who
stopped him. Placed min the orison
dispensary at Culebra for treatment, he
made a rope out of his hospital sheet,
swung himself two stories down to the
ground and made the one clean getaway
min Canal Zone penal history.
Mr. King recalls that the guard at
the hospital was dismissed for negligence.
Canal Zone police and penal affairs,
he says, "are regulated a lot better
today" and many lessons have been
learned from local police experience, in-
cluding the efficacy of thorough training
for prison personnel.
Only two escapees on Canal Zone con-
vict records- attempted the same thing
twice. Both were recaptured on the
second try by the long-time prison guard,
who, in years past, was ordinarily detailed
to ferret out prisoners who were believed
to have escaped into Panama.
For the past several years he has
served as chief clerk in the office of the
penitentiary at Gamboa.
Sawed Out Of Cell
The most audacious of the prisoners
who escaped, in Mr. King's opinion, was
one who sawed himself out of a dark
cell at Gamboa in 1913, together with his
cellmate. That was not difficult in the
old wooden building that served as the
prison at the time.
The prisoners made it through the
wire of the prison enclosure and were not
missed until the next day when one was
recaptured near Summit. There was no
trace of the other prisoner until about
four days later when he returned to the
penitentiary and left a calling card.
On a movie night at the prison, when
on the police force for about 10 years.
He had gone there from his native Bar-
bados because he wanted to be a police-
man and there were no vacancies on the
force at home. When he came to the
Canal Zone he had the same thing in mind.
He came to the Isthmus in July 1911
and since he couldn't get a job immedi-
ately with the police, he went to work
as an orderly at Ancon Hospital. About
five months later, he was employed at the
Gorgona police station.
There was plenty of activity there in
those days according to the long-time
guard. The machine shops for the Canal
work were located there, there were
many nationalities among the Canal
"diggers" stationed in the town, plenty
of saloons, plenty of business, and plenty
to keep Gorgona's 16-man police force
In December 1913, he was transferred
to the penitentiary office at Culebra,
where prisoners were taken before they
were transferred to a temporary prison
at Mandingo. The prison building at
Culebra had been abandoned in 1911 when
slides on the west bank of Culebra Cut
threatened to break back to the prison.
A road was being built at the time
from Empire to the Panama boundary at
Paja and the temporary prison at Man-
dingo, built of the trees readily available
in the area, was about halfway between
the two points. There were a lot of
prison breaks in those days, Mr. King
recalls, a fact that is not surprising in
view of the facilities.
Moved To Gamboa
In 1913 the prison was moved to its
present location at Gamboa, where prison-
ers were housed in a former messhall
used by European Canal laborers. The
laborers were moved across the Canal to
Matachin and prison personnel moved
into the quarters that were vacated at
The penitentiary had the most and the
least prisoners in 1913, according to Mr.
King. There were so many-about 200
at one time-that an extensive program
of rehabilitation was instituted by Rich-
ard L. Metcalfe, who was in charge of
civil administration in the Canal Zone
during the last few months of the third
and last Isthmian Canal Commission.
Many prisoners also were pardoned and
the penitentiary population then dropped
to its lowest point, totaling about 40.
Police work has been Mr. King's one
absorbing interest from the time he was
a boy and incidentally provided a hobby
he has followed most of his life. When he
was on the police force in Trinidad, some
of the policemen there made their own
shoes because the ones that were gener-
ally available were not as good looking as
they thought the boots of a policeman
Mr. King learned shoemaking from
fellow policemen there and has made all
his own shoes since that time. He also
has always made all the shoes worn by
his wife and two sons, many for police
and prison personnel and a large circle
am"Qranf-in nf rinrre for liponninr nnnd
vnorPinao fnhA dAn will hn clerks from tho
1'robably the greatest thrill in a child's
life is learning to read, according to two
('anal Zone teachers.
But the child doesn't learn to read the
first day as he anticipated; instead, at
first he learns whole words and phrases
but at a later stage the use of letter sounds
is a great aid as he takes his first steps
toward exploring the world of books.
portance of the phonetic approach to
reading and to that field the two teachers,
Eunice Monroe and Josephine Withers,
have recently made a contribution.
The Gel-Sten Company of Brookfield,
Ill., one of the largest U. S. publishers of
school duplicating materials, has just
bought their book, Beginning Phonics.
It will be available in time for the coming
school year. A second book by Miss
Monroe and Miss Withers has recently
been submitted to the same publisher.
The two Canal Zone teachers developed
their book because they felt there was a
lack of good usable material available in
this field of teaching. Both were first
grade teachers at the time-Miss Withers
will be teaching third grade in Diablo
next year and Miss Monroe is a first
Comparing notes and exchanging lesson
sheets on their work, they found that
their ideas for the teaching of this phase
of phonics were almost identical The
book developed from these ideas.
Before accepting material for publica-
tion, Gel-Sten ordinarily has it evaluated
by key teachers. When they compiled
their manuscript, Miss Monroe and Miss
Withers asked a representative group of
teachers in the Canal Zone schools to give
their evaluation of it. The letters of
these teachers accompanied the finished
manuscript when it went to
lishers and, Miss Monroe and Miss
Withers believe, were in great part
responsible for the prompt acceptance of
An interesting sidelight on Beginning
Phonics is the fact that the pictures for
*. 4 1 * - 1 -
IRON ORE from new mines was loaded aboard this Panama-registered ship in San Juan, Peru. Lamyra
was the first ship to transit the Canal destined for Morrisville, Pa., new U. S. Steel Company port.
Cargo tonnage through the Panama
Canal was increased by 94,300 tons and
tolls by $60,570 in a six-week period as the
result of the recently inaugurated iron
ore trade from Peru to the United States.
From the first of May through June 15,
14 ships transited the Canal, either in
ballast southbound or carrying an aver-
age of slightly over 10,000 tons of the iron
ore northbound. Almost all of the ships
had transited previously in other services.
The ore is coming from new mines near
San Juan, Peru. In its issue of May 4,
Time Magazine described the new
"At the southern port of San Juan, the
freighter Libertad took aboard the first
10,000 tons of iron ore from Utah Con-
struction Company's new Marcona mine.
Starting work last January, the United
States firm had built a 15-mile road, got
shovels digging at the open pit and
started 60 specially designed 19-ton
trucks hauling ore to dockside. By June,
hematite ore will be leaving for U. S.
East Coast ports at the rate of 2,400,000
tons a year."
First Ship May 16
Th TThrrirnd. a 5 1R4-tnn frr'hvhtnr
the Panamanian flag, two were of Italian
registry, three were registered with Great
Britain and two trips--those of the
Turmoil-were under the Liberian flag.
Twenty-three Atlantic side supervisors
received certificates at "graduation" cere-
monies last month, concluding a 16-week
supervisory training conference series
under the joint supervision of the Term-
inals and Grounds Maintenance Divisions
and the Personnel Bureau.
Several other groups have completed
similar courses which are designed to teach
the supervisors to lead planned con-
ferences, a recent development in solv-
ing numerous business and industrial
The final meeting of the Atlantic side
supervisors was held in the Red Cross
rooms over the Central Labor Office in
Criftnhaln A E Rnekl giinprintfndnnt
y luJ 4 1 9 5 3
CAPT. E. J. DUNN, USN, became the new
Director of the Industrial Bureau effective June 30.
He came to the Canal Zone from California where he
served as Repair Superintendent at the Long Beach
Naval Shipyard. An engineering duty officer, the
new Industrial Bureau Director has also served at
the New York Naval Shipyard and before that time
had lengthy service at sea. He was born in Farmers-
ville, Tex., and was graduated from the Naval
Academy at Annapolis in 1930.
Long-Range Studies On Canal Investment
Will Set Firm Basis For Fiscal Policies
Coantinued from page 1)
wage scales, and changes of a varying
nature which might affect the revenues
and operating costs of the Canal.
First Phase Near End
The investment and depreciation study
is being conducted by the Plant Inven-
tory and Appraisal Staff. Other Com-
pany units and personnel will assist in
The first phase, now being concluded
by the Plant Inventory and Appraisal
Staff, is what might be termed a "quick
inventory" of the physical properties.
Its purpose is to arrive at principal figures,
within a narrow margin of error, and a
quick review of probable service lives of
physical property, which can be used for
an investment and depreciation base.
A report on this phase of the long-range
study is being prepared for consideration
of the Board of Directors in its determi-
nation on the adequacy of present rates
This telescoped phase to provide a
close estimate of the value of the Canal
All existing records in the history of
the Panama Canal for commercial traffic,
tolls, and cargo shipped through the
waterway were broken in the fiscal year
1953 which ended June 30.
Figures on the number of transits by
ocean-going commercial ships and tolls for
any previous year were topped by the end
of May, with June totals still to be added
to complete the 1953 record.
Although figures on the surging traffic
of the past fiscal year were still incomplete
when this edition of THE CANAL REVIEW
went to press, the number of transits had
passed the 7,400 mark, exceeding by
875 the record total set in the previous
Tolls were expected to climb to
approximately $31,900,000, well above
the former record total of $27,128,893
collected in the boom year of 1929.
The amount of cargo shipped through
the Canal last year was well above any
previous totals for one year. During the
first 11 months of the past fiscal year
more than 32,830,000 long tons had been
moved through the Canal. The former
record for any year was 33,610,509 long
tons which was established in the fiscal
The surge of commercial traffic through
the Canal began during the early part of
the calendar year 1952 and, for the first
time since the Canal was opened to
traffic in 1914, a monthly record of more
Canal Ends Half Century's Association
(Continued from page 4) user's bill was cut
by "10 cents silver per 1,000 gallons,"
if the account was paid within 15 days
of the due date. The rate in Colon was
higher: "$9 silver a quarter for 10,000
gallons," and "90 cents silver" for each
additional 1,000 gallons. Meters were
not installed until the middle of 1907.
Filtered water came later. A filtration
plant was opened at Mt. Hope February
23, 1914, and the Miraflores Filtration
Plant went into service March 14, 1915.
On August 1, 1926, Panama and the
United States signed an agreement,
whereby the United States was to do
street cleaning and garbage collections in
Panama and Colon, Panama bearing
FhlraanimirforQ nf thn ont pidnrl Eho (nnil
than 600 transits by large commercial
ships was recorded in March 1952. This
record was to be broken three times
during the following 12-month period.
The record was broken in May 1952
with 622 transits; in October with 673
transits; and again in March of this year
with 678 transits.
Aside from the heavy flow of commer-
cial traffic during the past fiscal year, the
number of Government-owned vessels in
transit was well above that of the previous
year. Tolls credits for these vessels
amounted to $3,481,681 during the first
11 months of the past fiscal year, which
was approximately $800,000 higher than
figures for a comparable period of the
previous fiscal year.
In addition to other new record totals
in shipping last year, the daily average
number of large ships locked through the
Canal was the highest in history. The
daily average number of transits for the
first 11 months was 23.2, for both com-
mercial and Government vessels, as
compared with the previous record of
19.9 transits in the fiscal year 1952.
Although most of the principal trade
routes through the Canal showed gains in
the past year, the heavy traffic was attri-
buted principally to big gains on those
between the east coast of the United
States/Canada and Asia; the United
States intercoastal; and the east coast of
the United States and South America.
manage the water and sewerage systems
and the street paving functions for Pana-
ma's account in Panama City and Colon.
All of Colon was included in the
management contract but only that part
of Panama City between the tip of the
city at French Plaza and the old Tumba
Muerto Road-close to El Panama
Hotel--was in the contract. Panama
itself handled water in the suburban areas.
The Republic's share of the garbage
collection and street cleaning costs was
to be paid from proceeds of the collections
for the water and sewerage accounts.
Early last month, the Maintenance
Division which maintained the streets and
handled the water management contract
had eight U. S.-rate and 73 local-rate
emnlowe e nn this work. The Health
Bureau, which handled garbage and
,,�r , . , . . TT j .
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
May 15 through June 15
ployees who were promo
between May 15 and
below. Regradings and
lions are not listed.
ted or trans-
June 15 are
George Vieto, from
Passenger Traffic Clerk.
Robert E. Dolan, frc
Overhaul, to File Clerk,
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Carl R. Meissner, from Checker, Locks
Overhaul, to Life Guard, I)ivision of
Reed E. Hopkins, Jr., from Lock Over-
haul Foreman to Fireman, Fire Division.
Joseph B. Clemmons, Jr., from Estates
Administrator to Assistant Chief and
I)eputy Public Administrator, Customs and
F. Unruh, from Post Offi
to Assistant Chief and Post
or. Postal Services.
Jean A. Violette, from Clerk-
Physical Education and Recreation
to Typist, Schools Division.
C. Crozier, Mrs. Elsie D. Naugh-
ton, from Elementary School Teacher to
Elementary School Principal, Schools Divi-
John N. Gorham,
ant to Recreation
Education and Recrec
Mrs. Margaret 1
to Police Division.
Grady O. Gailey, from Automobile
Serviceman and Heavy Truck DI)river,
Motor Transportation Division, to Fire-
man, Fire Division.
Culver M. Call, from Guard, Atlantic
Locks, to Postal Clerk.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Donald M. Luke, from Systems Ac-
countant, Cost Accounts Branch to Assist-
ant Chief, Divisional Accounts Branch.
Ralph F. Schnell, from Organization
and Methods Examiner to Analytical
cian, Management Staff.
Flor E. Martin, Mrs. Jewell F.
from Clerk-Typist, License Section
ist, Cost Accounts Branch.
Chevillette R. Dougherty, from
F. Quinn, Accountini
Accounts Branch t
Patricia E. LeBrun, from
accounts Branch. to Clerk-
'Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
James G. F.
Division, to V
, from Construc-
from Lock Oper-
ocks, to Power-
from Lock Oper-
cks, to Wireman,
Mrs. Jessie G. Harris, Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, from Marine Bureau to Maintenance
Mrs. Neva M. Short, from Clerk-Typist
to Accounting Clerk, Electrical Division.
Mrs. Marian M. Langford, from
Substitute Tleacher, Schools Division, to
Clerk Typist, Electrical Division.
Mrs. Ruth H.
Typist, Aids to Na
Mrs. Ana L.
Typist, Board of
Powell, from Clerk-
vigation, to Storekeeper
Alvarez, from Clerk-
Health Laboratory, to
e Transcriber, Gorgas
John Van der Heyden, from Principal
Foreman, Locks Overhaul, to Shipwright,
Arthur E. Rizcalla, from Helper, Locks
Overhaul, to Guard, Industrial Bureau.
Engineer to Senior Chief
eer, Dredging Division.
Charles Q. Peters, Jr
Locks Overhaul, to Ferry
Daniel A. Marsican
Locks Overhaul, to Pump
Howard J. Schwart:
tionary Pilot t
., from Foreman,
o, from Rigger,
Whitehead, from Proba-
o Qualified Pilot.
Campbell, from Helper,
ul, to Signalman, Navigation
Operator, to Pump Operator, Pipeline
Max J. Karton, from File Clerk, Admin-
istrative Branch, to Guard, Locks Division.
Tra.. UT ' . . l .yk- r ^- A :^ *. � ^-A-
Employees who observed important anni-
versaries during the month of June are
listed alphabetically below. The number
of years includes all Government service
with the Canal or other agencies. Those
with continuous service with the Canal are
indicated with (*).
*Eugene C. Lombard, Executive Secre-
*Ulrich W. Hughes, Leader, Electrical
Instrument Repairman, Electrical Division.
Walter E. Zimmerman, Lock Oper-
ator, Atlantic Locks.
Walter J. Allen, File Supervisor, Admin-
Harry B. Friedland, Clerk, Lighthouse
Elmer J. Hack, Clerk, Administrative
Max R. Hart, Safety Inspector, Supply
and Service Bureau.
Edward W. Hatchett, Teacher, Balboa
*Albert J. Joyce, Wireman, Electrical
James H. Rheney, Repair Shop Fore-
man, Railroad and Terminals Bureau.
*J. Bartley Smith, Electrical Engineer,
Mabel A. Sneider, Operating Room
Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
Claude W. Wade, Steward, Clubhouse
Edwin M. McGinnis, Supervising Esti-
mating Engineer, Engineering Division.
Robert M. Turner, Maintenance Me-
chanic, Maintenance Division.
William S. Walston, Mate, Pipeline
Suction Dredge, Dredging Division.
Leonard Wolford, Marine Traffic Con-
troller, Navigation Division.
Leland Brooks, Towboat Master, Navi-
Alwyn DeLeon, Claims Examiner, Comp-
Henry P. Kilcorse, Towboat Master,
*William E. LeBrun. Administrative
Internal Security Branch.
J. Neabry, Wireman, Electrical
Margaret F. Wigl
rapher, Comptroller's C
July 3, 1953
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Will Go On Sale July 10
Premium-grade gasoline will go on
sale about July 10 in all Canal retail
gasoline stations except those at Gatun
and Pedro Miguel, according to the
Supply and Service Bureau. The high-
test gasoline will retail at two cents
above the present price of motor-grade
A contract for 62,000 barrels-2,604,-
000 gallons-of the premium-grade
gasoline was awarded early last month
to the Texas Company. This is a six-
month supply. The first gasoline pur-
chased under the contract will arive in
Cristobal about July 6, and the tanker
is expected to discharge in Balboa two
Minor alterations are being made at
the tank farms and service stations for
handling of the high-test gasoline.
Eligibility Card Rules
Changed Effective July 1
The Central Labor Of
day began issuance of elii
to applicants who had no!
U. S. Government agen
tractors since January 1,
The change in regulati
an opportunity to seek
to young people, never
the Canal Zone, and to o
who have not worked
Since May 1951 and
change eligibility cards
only to former employees
after 1946 and to others
t served with
cies or con-
in the Zone
1 until this
Electrical Division; 33 years, 11 months,
27 days; probably Florida.
Eric E. Forsman, Alabama; Storekeeper,
Terminals Division; 36 years, 11 months, 1
day; Mobile, Ala.
Alfred B. Fox, Missouri; Gauger, Store-
houses Division; 24 years, 9 months, 16
days; Arraijan, Panama.
Harry O. Cranberry, Mississippi; Ad-
ministrative Assistant, Hotel Washington;
24 years, 10 months, 15 days; St. Peter-
Leon F. Hallett, Massachusetts; Sup-
ply Requirements Assistant, Storehouses
Division; 39 years, 3 months, 17 days;
George F. Herman, Pennsylvania;
Ferry Ramp Operator, Dredging Division;
26 years. 1 month, 26 days; Florida.
Extra-Curricular Recreation Activities
To Be Curtailed Because Of Budget
and summer and
both adults and c
sary this fiscal year
cut in the School
The cut was ma
was submitted to
tions Bill, which
on this particular sum.
Much study preceded th
make the cut in the recreat
was decided that any cut sh4
in extracurricular rather th
In order to stay within its
the Division of Schools
eliminate, reduce, or modify
activities which have been t
will no l
do so b
vill be neces-
of a $100,009)
had no effect
e decision to
ion field. It
would be made
will have to
a number of
groups-such as the Twilight
l League--which have been obtain-
eation equipment from the Schools
will now have to supply their
uipment. The Ancon playshed
onger be staffed, although it will
as a rainy-day playground for
con elementary school. Adult
such as square dancers, who have
ng the playshed may continue to
iy arrangement with the school
The gymnasium at Chagres, local-rate
section of Gatun, and the Chagres play-
ground will be closed. Residents of
Chagres will use the facilities at Rainbow
City, where there are a swimming pool
and some playing fields.
Clerical help and part-time recreation
Housing Heads List of Subjects
Raised at June Conference
(Continue from page 2) look further into
The possibility of retaining some
12-family houses as low-rental quarters
was brought up by Rufus Lovelady, of
the AFGE, but the Governor said that
this would not be a solution to the
expressed desire for lower rental houses.
He said considerable thought had gone
into this problem but that as yet no
satisfactory solution had been reached
for a type of house which would be some-
assistants who have been on duty at
Balboa and Cristobal gymnasiums have
been eliminated. The gymnasiums will
be still available for evening use, but
adults who have been using them as
recreation centers wil
refereeing or coaching
given in some cases.
school recreation and s;
children. All gymnast
Sunday as at present
1 be without the
; which has been
will * affect after-
wimming for school
urns will be closed
plus one week-day
but pools will remain open six days a
week. Directors of Physical Education
should be consulted in the various towns
for schedules of operations.
The Schools Physical Education pro-
gram will not be curtailed; the activities
to be reduced will be after-school and
weekend swimming competitions or school
basketball, volleyball, and similar leagues
which have required the use of school
facilities or supervision.
Part of the planning for the reduced
expenditures extends into next summer
when that portion of the Summer
Recreation Program which is sponsored
by the schools will have to be modified.
This summer's program will continue, as
a whole, without major change.
The curtailment of funds limits the
number of people employed. Reduction
of force notices have already gone out to
39 recreation assistants and clerks in the
Physical Education and Recreation
Branch. Of these, 16 were on the U.S.-
rate, 23 on local-rate rolls-many of them
part-time and WAE employees.
and May a year ago.
said, showed that the
holding the price line.
A study is project
he said, to compare t
operating the Commiss
United States sto
swer to a quest
as to whether th
Haiti had been
rhe results, he
for the future,
fixed costs of
y Division with
tion from Mr.
.e Panama Line
point of view of the
the Governor said
ver was being made
that he thought it
on a trial
d of six months or so would be
in order to make a better
THELPANAMA CANAL REVIEW
W .. m...**-"'
the 25 percent
differential big things came to the Canal
Zone young people.
Sober-eyed, and a little scared, some
380 of them donned caps and gowns to
receive the diplomas which opened up for
them a new life.
A week or
so later, the
first contingent of students came down a
Line gangway to spend
vacations from States schools and colleges.
cruising along Balboa's Empire Street,
sidewalk-superintending the new houses,
and hundreds of harried housewives found
the one-night-a-week opening of half a
dozen commissaries helpful and pleasant.
But the subject uppermost in every-
one's mind was the differential -what
Congress had done and what Congress was
going to do.
On June 22, 300 men and
women heard their representatives, Mrs.
Longmore, report what they had done in
Washington to help in the fight to keep
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