Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

Gift f the Panama Canal Museum

SPANAMA


- ( -t (o-


CANAL


Vol. 3, No. 11BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 5, 19535 cents
Vol. 3, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 5, 1953 5 cents
a g e . . J I I I I I I I I I I I II I II I I I I I I I I I


Cooler


and


Fair


Governor Promi
Support In F
For Diffe
Officials of the


ses
'ight
rental
Panama


Canal Company
Zone Government
every possible step
the employees' cas
the 25 percent pay
and other benefits
the House cut in
Functions Bill, Gov
bold told the Go


' UNDAUNTED by change of season heat were these youngsters from the Ancon kindergarten.
They found a pile of snow in a shady spot and from then on instinct took over. The children: Susan
Miller, Dickie Saul, and Chase Newman. The snow: Trade secret.


DOgs
0")


SAnti-Rables V
Executive Regulation requiring the
reiration and anti-rabies vaccination
ofall dogs in the, Canal Zone and estab-
lishing other policies regarding domestic
animals has just been issued by Governor
tr Cl Ct. 1.fl 1


Licensed;
I~~~ IlKf


Required
Required


accination


tration done at one location for a few
days on each side of the Isthmus.
Dogs Must Wear Tags
After the animal is inoculated, its
*1I>1 I 1 Ii l* A A


and
will


Canal
take


to present
e regarding
differential
affected by
the Civil
'. J. S. Sey-
vernor-Em-


ployee conference last week.
"Management," the Governor said,
"will take every appropriate means it
has to present the case of people and
management to the proper authorities."
The Governor's statement was the
highlight of the May conference. It
followed the announcement by Rufus
Lovelady, AFGE president, that he had
just received a cable announcing House
passage, without amendment, of the
Civil Functions Bill.
A considerable part of the May con-
ference was devoted to a discussion of
the various aspects of the legislation, its
effect on employees generally, and the
best means of seeking relief. A part of
this discussion dealt with the type of
letters which should be written to Con-
gressmen. It was the view of the con-
ference that it would be advisable to keep
such letters short and to the point.
Lengthy, involved letters are less likely
to get the attention of legislators than
those which are brief and factual, it was
pointed out by some of the labor leaders
who have had much experience in such
matters. .


canal


Zone


Will




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5,1953


en-


ear-Old


For


Drea


m Is Nearing

Recreational


Reality

Association


In the fast growing Atlantic side town
of Margarita a dream of long standing
is finally coming true.
Every weekend, beginning about the


lie of the dry season,
garita men, supported
occasional cooling dri
en, have been hard at
levelling a 10,500 squ
nd north of the town's
playground and close


a gr
moral
nks by
work c
are-foo
grade
to the


l
I
)


up of
yand
their
hearing
t plot
school
inter-


section of Fifth Street and Diversion
Road.
Two trained heavy equipment oper-
ators, Waldo Gilley and Murrel L. Dodd,
manned a bulldozer and a scraper, rented


from the Maintenance Division, to
and level the site. A dozen other
sparked by Charles H. Bath, Jr.,
dent of the Margarita Recreat
Association, have done other prepare;
work and by mid-May had forms r
to pour concrete for the footing of
large and one small Quonset huts.
younger generation has pitched in,
and Association members credit
with outstanding work.
When the huts are up and fitted


clear
men,
presi-
ional
atory
eady
Stwo
The


There was a community workshop in
the Margarita gymnasium, a chess club,
a bridge club, dancing classes for the
children. The dances, special parties,
regular Bingo games and community
picnics kept people busy. One of the
liveliest of the MRA sponsored activities
was a weekly newssheet called the
"Margarita News." Under the slogan,
"All the news that fits, we print," it
carried news stories, a few want ads,
personal mentions and such items of com-
munity interest as bowling and softball
scores, a movie schedule, and a calendar
of coming events.
But an even more ambitious program
was in the collective mind of the MRA.
They asked for, and were granted, an
area which could be used for picnics,
outdoor games, holiday celebrations and
where Girl and Boy Scout houses could
be built. The site was on Espave
Avenue, opposite buildings 8021 and


women and children lived in Margarita-
the emphasis of MRA activity has
shifted soamnpwhat, from the purely recrea-
tional for all ages to increasing service to
the younger generation.
While annual affairs such as Hallow-
e'en and Christmas parties and July 4
sports are by now standard, the officers
and directors of the MRA feel that the
strongest reason for community support
comes from backing such character-
building projects as its annual Pony
League baseball team-this year the
Margarita team placed second in the
League-and the Margarita Scouts.
The MRA sponsors the Margarita Boy
Scout Troop and the Cub Pack, and backs
the Girl Scouts of the town. For a while
the MRA had leased space in the old
Margarita hospital as a Scout meeting
place. When the hospital was vacated
so that it could be razed, the Scouts
moved to the basement of the Margarita


with


lights and plumbing, they will become the
new homes for Margarita's Boy and
Girl Scouts, a project which has been a
pet of the Margarita Recreational Asso-
ciation for the past decade. Members of
the Association consider it quite fitting
that the completion of the buildings, now
expected about the start of the school
year, will follow close on the organiza-
tion's official eleventh birthday.
Story Of Margarita
The story of the Margarita Recrea-
tional Association, MRA to everyone in
or connected with it, is practically the
story of Margarita.


According to


now o
presid
groups
gether
then I
"why
they k
was a


f Ancon, who w
ent, it started
Sdo. A number
, talked about
'bird Locks town
don't we . .?"
new they had.
bustling town of


most of them working
organization or for
*


Julius Hentschel,
as the first MRA
like many such
of people got to-
conditions in the
, asked themselves
and the first thing
In 1942 Margarita
some 1,000 people,
or the Third Locks
e contractors who


MRA president Charles H. Bath, Jr., reviews construction plans for Margarita Boy and Girl


Margarita


midc
Mar:
with
worn
and
of la
and


-




June 5,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Of Playground Activities
Soon In Zone Communities


School vacation in the Canal Zone this
year will be chock full of fun, frolic, and
useful training for the several thousand
boys and girls who participate in the
planned program of activities at the
playgrounds and in the gymnasiums of
the various communities.
The program, planned by the Physical


Education and Recreation B:
Division of Schools, got
week with registration for th
activities in the local-rate c
Registration for playground
the U. S.-rate towns will b
8, 9, and 10 except at Pe
where it will be only on June


J. Clarke

Successor


ranch of the
started this
e variety of
communities.
activities in
ebheld June
dro Miguel
8 and 9.


Retiring;
Is Named


The coming retirement of Vincent J-
Clarke, former General Manager of the
Commissary Division and more recently
in charge of purchasing in New York for
the Panama Canal Company, was an-
nounced last week at Balboa Heights.
Mr. Clarke's retirement will be effective
August 1.
He will be succeeded by L. W. Fergu-
son, a comparative newcomer to the


The program in the local-rate
will be for only two months since
reopen in those communities in
The playground activities in the
rate communities will continue t
August.
The playground program of the
cal Education and Recreation Br
coordinated with, but is not a part
Summer Recreation Program. T
ter consists chiefly of arts and


towns
schools
August.
U. S.
through


Physi-
anch is
Sof, the
he lat-
crafts


training and special events for the
youngsters participating.
"Fun Day" at the Balboa Gymnasium
on June 12th will start the balls rolling
and the games going for the summer
playground program in that community.
Another feature for the opening day in
Balboa will be "Dress-Up-Day" for the
five-to-eight-year-olds, when children's


costumes will depict i
acters and will incl
weather permits. TI
wind up with the ju'
and refreshments for t
"Fun Day" is for
years old up through


famous child char-
ude a parade if
he program will
edging of costumes
he children.
children from 9
the teen age and


will include games, hikes, boating,
ming, and a picnic.
Special events, similar to the o
day in Balboa, have also been p
for other towns.
The climax to the summer pr
will come during the closing week
championships in the various sport
be decided. Tournaments and
pionship play will be held in the
rate communities during August.
playground competition is sch
throughout the summer vacation
local-rate communities.
The summer plavground nrogra


swim-

pening
planned

ogram
s when
'ts will
Cham-
U. S.-
Inter-
eduled
in the


J 0 -- this- c
year will include, tennis, swimming,
volleyball, basketball, badminton, archery,
tumbling and acrobatics, story telling,
story acting, finger painting, clay model-
ing, softball, kickball, speedball, soccer,
badminton, horseshoes, bowling, paddle
tennis, table tennis, ping pong, croquet,
organized games, story hours, boxing,
wrestling, apparatus, and other activities.


Capt. Elmer Dunn Will Head
1'n 1 T i 1


Program
Starts


OUR OUT-OF-DOORS

Onset of the rainy season does not
mean that there will be no more flowering
trees. Rather, some of the most showy
of these trees have chosen this time of
year to bloom.
There is the Lagestroemia Flos Reginae,
better known as the Queen of Flowers
or the Pride of India. For a short period
during the dry season the tree drops its
leaves; after the first few rains it breaks
forth in full flower.
A medium-sized tree and a native of
Ceylon, India, and Malay, it starts to
flower when small, making it particularly
desirable. It has been planted through-
out the Canal Zone as an ornamental
shade tree.
Resembles Crepe Myrtle
Its flowers break forth from the ends
of the branches in large, erect panicles of
mauve or pink flowers. They resemble
a large Crepe Myrtle, and the tree is
closely related to this flowering shrub.
One of the most spectacular of the trees
which flowers at this time of year is the
Delonix Regia. People know it as the
Royal Poinciana or Flame Tree.
Native to Madagascar, it has been
planted throughout tropical America and
the frostless southern United States.
It is a medium-sized, spreading tree,
with handsome, fine, feathery leaves. For
a short period during the dry season it is
usually bare of leaves.
Burst of Color
The wide-spreading picturesque top is
covered with large sprays of brilliant
scarlet flowers, making it one of the out-
standing flowering trees of this region.
An especially handsome poinciana is on
Carr Street, near the Balboa elementary
school. Other handsome poincianas are
near the Balboa Heights Baptist Church.
While its blossoming is not confined to
this time of year as it flowers several
times annually, the Canangium Odoratum
or Ilang Ilang tree is another well-known
in the Canal Zone, but is noted for its
scent rather than its appearance.
A medium-size, quick growing, soft-
wooded tree, native to the Philippines
and Java, it can be identified by its
usually droopy branches.
Scented Flowers
It is cultivated in many areas for the


.
m this




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


JuneI, 195


Thousands


Each


Of


ear


Varied


By


Cases


Zone


Are


Magistrates'


Courts


case into
boa saw
acting as
frequent
about the
$10,000 1
Four y
girl, were


the Magistrates' Courts. 1
a German chemist charged v
a foreign agent. People
*the court building still 1
size of the roll from which
)ail was posted.
young Germans, one of thex
brought before Judge Tatel


for espionage-taking photographs of a
gun position at Fort Randolph. Also
into the Cristobal court came officers of


the 23,000-ton
camano pn ch
sabotage their
of trading within
violations, and
graphing Canal


Italian liner Conte Bian-
arges of conspiring to
ship. There were cases
Sthe enemy, censorship
offenses such as photo-
installations.


Riots which flared up in contract-labor
camps over as little a matter as someone
stepping on someone else's toe brought
other problems. In Balboa the Magis-
trate talked like a "Dutch uncle" to


AMERICAN FLAGS hang at the front of each Magistrates' Court. This is the staff of the
Balboa court, Judge Altman seated at the bench. Left to right: Herbert Moore, docket clerk, Rex
Beck, constable, and John Michaelis, clerk of court. Mr. Beck and Mr. Michaelis are also translators.


People who run afou
Zone law are apt to fin
one of the two Canal Zc
Courts.
If they live north of P
track span 22-10, that is
which bisects the Cana
between Frijoles and D
face Judge Edward I.
Magistrate for the Cr
since 1931.
If they are residents
District, which is the sou
the Canal Zone, they
Judge Edward M. A
Magistrate since 1951.
All criminal cases, re


severity,
Courts.
may inclu
burglary,
have mer
If the C
his illegal
his case w
trate. If
felony a


- c


1 of the Canal
d themselves in
ne Magistrates'

anama Railroad
, north of a line
1 Zone midway
arien, they will
P. Tatelman,


istobal


District


of the Balboa
them portion of
will go before
Jtman, Balboa
,ardless of their


originate in the Magistrates'
One day's list of defendants
de people charged with murder,
or robbery, as well as those who
ely violated a traffic ordinance.
]anal Zone offender has confined
activity to a minor violation
ill be disposed of by the Magis-
the offense is classed as a
crime punishable by death or


from his oatmeal can money
In Cristobal three young s
murder charges for the death
watchman.
Any such case brings he
someone. People with faces
by tears and worry sit silent
rooms as husbands, sons, or f
their first appearances in the
of the law.
Once in a while there will c
in solemn court procedure.
have their "mango" or "chi
who have picked up some 1


ology which
than exactn
iarity with
frequent apt
Nointerp
of "Bajan"
"bird speed


They use with
ess. Quite often


box.
soldiers faced
of a YMCA

iartbreak to
drawn taut
in the court-
Friends make
long process
ome a break
Both courts
va lawyers"
egal termin-
greater ease
their famil-


court procedure comes from
pearances before the bench.
reter can unravel the mysteries
and a judge has to learn that
" means fast and that when


someone complains that another man
"don't give me a face" he means that
he wasn't recognized.
The actions of more than one Magis-
trate have been perpetuated in calypso
verse and sonm.


warring factions and w
of understanding and co
Language Tr
The official language
course, is English. Som


rooms are
Babel. In
defendants
Often this
pretation.
a Jugoslav
who spoke
translation
eventually
for every


Cases


require both San Blas and Spanish
interpreters.
Sherman Brooks, Constable-translator
for the Cristobal court, speaks Spanish,
French, Italian, and Portuguese, as well
as English. The Balboa court staff can
handle Spanish, German, and some
French.
Magistrates may but are not required
to perform marriage ceremonies. In
both courts some 300 couples a year take
advantage of this service which is done
without charge. Judge Altman once
performed a marriage ceremony for a
Russian princess. Judge Tatelman re-
calls one mass marriage over which he
presided. Eighteen counles. whose homes


on their promise
)operation.
doubles


0
e'


as polylingual as the
Sone year Cristobal
of 75 different nati
brought a problem
One Cristobal defem
. He told his story t
German. From Ger
was made into Spa
into English. And t
question asked or a
lying San Blas Indian


fthec
times t


,ourts, of
he court-
Tower of
recorded
onalities.
of inter-


dant was
Jo a man
man the
nish and
his went
answered!
s usually


Handled


. 1, l
-0 -
*:.4 J


~ I


June 5,1953


m a
man


invo




June 5, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTEREST


GUIDA


IDENT


PREVENTION


VACATION ACCIDENTS


This time of the year many employees
take off with their families for vacations
in the States. Others, like myself, will
spend a few days vacation in the Interior
of Panama, or may enter such sports as
the Panama deep-sea fishing tournament
held during July. For all of us taking
these vacations there is a great possibility
of becoming involved in accidents.
Death and injury are waiting for the
unsuspecting on the highways, high seas,
lakes, or wherever the carefree and care-
less, by thoughtless acts, let themselves
become exposed to accidents.
No matter what your general mental
outlook may be, we can safely say that
the welfare of a man's family always comes
first when the chips are down.
It is generally recognized that a capable
and usually careful employee becomes
accident prone when his mind is distracted
by worry over the welfare of his family.
For that reason, we hope we can im-
press upon you how important it becomes
to you and your family that you don't
lower your guard against accidents, off, as
well as on, the job.
It is not possible here to go into detail


of ways and means to avoid ac
while on vacation, but since the
of an employee and his family are
of prime interest to himself, his
ation is the key in promoting off
safety. In order to help you,
employee on vacation, see the
ahead, let's look at the types of ac


cidents
welfare
usually
cooper-
the job
as an
dangers
cidents


to which you very likely will be exposed.
Considering accidents in all age groups,


HONOR ROLL
Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
APRIL
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR
Industrial ........---.-------
Civil Affairs.......----. ....
* v -- ^l_


WORKING DAZE


















traffic accidents now head the list as the
biggest killer and maimer, with home








accidents following in second place, and
recreational accidents taking third place.
It appears from this that you might be
safer on vacation than at home. How-
ever, it is evident that you and your
1 ,







famil"You will be on the movinterestedryin m to
crowd all you can into afety short periods!"
NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL




mostraffic accidents now he time usually spent inst as thcar.
biggest kille, our exand maimer, with hometraffic acci-
accidents following in second place, and
recreational accidents taking third place.
It appears from this that you might be
safer on vacation than at home. How-
ever, it is evident that you and your
family will be on the move trying to
crowd all you can into a short period,
most of the time usually spent in a car.
Therefore, your exposure to traffic acci-


dents
By
that x


will be greater.
staying in hotels,
rou will not be expo


it is probable
sed to the risks


usually encountered at home. Many,
including those remaining on the Isth-
mus, may go camping, live in trailers or
on boats, where the exposure to accidents


APRIL 1953

Industrial Bureau


Health Bureau


is far greater than at home. If you do
stay at home, you may run just as great
a risk as those who go away, because you
may do odd jobs for which you lack either
the skill or equipment. All of you, who
go in for strenuous sports, often expose
yourselves to injury because of the lack
of training and preliminary toughening.
Add to these exposures an unaccustomed
diet and insufficient rest caused by your
desire to see and do as much as possible
in a short time, and you increase many
fold your chances of a serious accident.
Therefore, substitute some such slogans
given below, in place of a "Home Sweet
Home" picture.
"A gentleman is a person who will
give you the right of way even when
you are wrong."
"Nothing worth while is lost by
taking the time to do it right."
Be that gentleman and be the one to
take things easy. Get more enjoyment
from that which you can comfortably see,
do, and remember. Try to keep the
regular hours and steady habits which
you observed at home.
Eat foods to which you are accustomed.
Some localities are famous for certain
foods and drinks. Try them, if you
wish, in moderation. It is not necessary
to show that you are a robust fellow by
drinking everything in sight. Be your
age by avoiding those sports which are
beyond the strength of your muscles
and heart.
After having renewed your vigor and
developed a more pleasant mental out-
look, you should come back able to have
a better clutch on your job, not clutching
crutches.
Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked
(Frequency Rate)


0 10


I t o-


*I


I




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5,1953


orozal


Housing


Area


Taking


Form


HOUSES, both masonry and composite types, are beginning to dot the rolling of 75 of the 128 buildings by November 20. Twenty-six more are scheduled
terrain at Corozal where 168 apartments will be built on land turned over to the for completion by February 18, 1954, and the remainder of the buildings by
Panama Canal Company by the Army. The contract calls for the completion next April 19.


Corozal, where quarters will be pro-
vided for 168 families, is rapidly taking
sufficient shape so that passersby can get
an idea of what the new development will
look like. Some of the streets are in and
a number of houses are well up. All of
the Corozal quarters are scheduled for
completion by mid-May 1954.
The photograph above was taken from
a location near the Corozal theater, look-
ing toward the Canal. The houses in the
foreground will be masonry construction;
those in the background are composite


construction, adapted to
The perimeter of the
which was transferred to
last year by the Army,
street, one side of whi
Gaillard Highway. The
built along horseshoe-sh


the site.
residential area,
the Canal early
will be a broad
ch will parallel
houses are being
aped and dead-


end streets to eliminate dangerous inter-
sections.
Forty of the 128 quarters buildings at
Corozal will be duplexes and the remainder
will be single-family units. Most of the
quarters will be two- or three-bedroom
units, with a few four-bedroom houses.
Both masonry and composite type
quarters are being built at Corozal. All
of the composite houses will be one-family
units, adapted to the terrain and known


duplex quarters with four bedrooms to
each unit. The Empire Street quarters
will also include two three-bedroom patio
type houses, modifications of the two


Varied Cases Handled By Magistrates
(Continued from page 4) Colon fire of
April 1940, wanted Canal quarters but
were not eligible unless legally married.
The judge lined them up before the
bench and did it all at once.
Courts Are Unique
Lawyers say there is no exact parallel
in the United States for the local Magis-
trates' Courts. They perform the func-
tions of police or municipal courts, traffic
or domestic relations courts, juvenile or


small claims courts.
Magistrates have the
conducting preliminary
and high misdemeanor
In March and April
Cristobal court had
hearings, the first time


In addition the
added duties of
hearings in felony
cases.
of this year the
no preliminary
in 22 years such


a situation has occurred.
About nine-tenths of Canal Zone civil
and criminal cases are disposed of in the
Magistrates' Courts. Traffic violations
are considered criminal matters, as dis-


official houses near the Administration
Building. The Empire Street houses are
scheduled for completion by the middle of
October this year.

fine. Generally, repeat violators and
people involved in traffic accidents are
not eligible.
At the present time Balboa "TVB's"
run about 35 percent of the criminal case
load; Cristobal's figure is 25 percent.
Courts And Courts
The student of Canal Zone judicial
history can find himself tangled in a mess
of conflicting terms. The construction
day equivalents of Magistrates' Courts
were called District Courts. The present
District Court corresponds to the con-
struction period circuit courts.
The Canal Zone was first divided into
five municipalities: Ancon, Empire, Gor-
gona, Buenavista, and Cristobal, with a
court in each. The penal code and the
code of criminal procedure were adapta-
tions of codes then in force in Puerto
Rico.
On April 15, 1907, President Roosevelt,
by Executive Order, abolished the muni-
cipal districts and established in their
stead four administrative districts: Cris-





June 5, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE

Printed by te Printling Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zore


S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President


H. O. PAXSON, Lieutenant Governor

E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary


J. RuFUs HARDY, Editor


ELEANOR H. MCILHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.


THE REBELJS, above, of the Canal Zone Penitentiary, are now members of the Santa Cruz
Softball League. Two teams of prisoners were organized about 18 months ago and played only
againsteach other untillast January when their first games were scheduled with teams outside the prison.
In the first half of the current season the Rebels tied for second place in the league, winning four
and losing three games. In the second half of the season the prison team has a record of two games
won and three lost, with three games left to play.
Games are played on Saturday and Sunday afternoons at the prison. Other teams in the Santa
Cruz Softball League are: Lucky Luciano, Soccer, Butcher, and Beven Holiday, all of Gamboa.


SUBSCRIPTIONS-$1.00 a year

SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
publication date.

SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-10 centseach


BACK COPIES-10 cents each
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights.

Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to Editor, THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights, C. Z.


NEW DIRECTOR


__________________ 9


The consolidation of Gatun with
Margarita and the Cristobal areas as a
single Atlantic Terminal district for
the purpose of assignment to quarters
was made effective the middle of May.
This means that an employee work-
ing anywhere on the Atlantic side may
now live anywhere on the Atlantic side.
An employee need no longer work at
Gatun to be eligible for quarters there.
The first step toward the Atlantic
Terminal district consolidation was
taken in May 1952 when the Cristobal
Housing Office was made responsible
for all Housing Division activities in
Gatun and only one clerk was left in
the Gatun Office. The clerk has now
been moved from Building 200 to
Building 35, the furniture warehouse
near the Gatun police station.

Col. William Nichol has been named
Chief of the Surgical Service at Gorgas
Hospital to succeed Col. Earl C. Lowry
who has headed the service since July 1950.
Colonel Nichol comes from the Army-Navy
Hospital at Hot Springs, Ark. Colonel
Lowry is leaving next week for his new post
at Letterman Army Hospital, San Fran-
cisco, Calif.
Another new appointment to the Gorgas
staff is that of Col. A. A. Albright who
I T r^ T YT/* 11 /"tnt i-


In April, Ball
when temperatui
with 96 degrees
for the month
things even more
11 straight days
the temperature


degrees,
The h
first part
began t
maximum
90 degre
there wei
was in t


b
r1
r
'


oa Heights had 19 days
es went over 90 degrees,
recorded at Madden Dam
s maximumrn. To make
uncomfortable, there were
at Balboa Heights when
did not drop below 76


day or night.
ot weather carried over into
of May and humidity figures
o rise. But after May 11,
n temperature did not go al
es for a considerable period,
re several days when the maxi
he low 80's.


the
also
the
bove
and
num


The annual turnover of residents and
interns in the training program at
Gorgas Hospital will start this month
when the first of the outgoing interns
is scheduled to leave the organization.
Four of those completing their intern-
ships this Spring will be employed as
Canal physicians: Drs. Robert Balfour,
James L. Henry, Ernest O. Svenson,
and John L. Winkler. Six of the resi-
dents will remain for additional train-
ing. The others are scheduled to leave
the Canal Zone starting early this
month.
At the present, nine new interns are
expected to start training at the hos-
* Sj Iflt *4t* S


OF CURRENT INTEREST





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


JUNE 5, 1953


Zone


Youngsters

Handling


Learn


uns


At


Skill


And


Junior


Safety

fle Club


Michael Dubbs wanted an air rifle and
he wanted it very loudly-many many
times a day and for weeks on end. His
parents' suggestions that air rifles and
nine-year-old's do not go well together
only marked them "fuddy-duddies" in
their young son's eyes.
Michael knew someone with an air


rifle. H
he was
could fir
a thing.
coming
Micha
tioned t


e even bet his Dad had one when
a little boy. He explained he
*e into Sosa Hill and never hurt


el'
*o


Furthermore,
. and so on
s father, C.
Police Chief


Christmas was
and on and on.
A. Dubbs, men-
George Herman


the air rifle problem that was blighting his
son's life and fostering family cold war.
Major Herman advised against the air
rifle but suggested that George M. Syl-
vester, Manager of the Cocoli Junior Gun
Club, might provide an alternative ac-
ceptable to both Michael and his father.
Rolls-Royce-1929 Model
Arrangements were made for Mr.
Sylvester to pick Michael up the next
Saturday morning in front of the Balboa
Clubhouse. The youngster's interest in
guns was lost temporarily in admiration
of the manager's 1929 Rolls-Royce in
which they rode to the Club firing range
behind the Cocoli Police Station.
About 15 of the Club's 22 members
already had gathered there. The mem-
bership would have to be reduced, Mr.
Sylvester explains, if all the boys showed
up at the same time to use the seven
firing positions.
There were more nine-year-old's like
Michael in the crowd than any other age
group. Permission to admit boys of that
age, with their parents' approval, was
obtained two years ago from the Junior
Division of the National Rifle Association.
The ages min the Cocoli Club range
upward to about 16, when boys often
develop interests like motorcycles and
girls and lose some enthusiasm for shoot-
ing, the Club Manager explains. The


maximunum age is 18 for membe;
junior gun clubs affiliated with
National Rifle Association.
While the boys who had been o:
range before started target pra


rs of
the
n the
ctice,


Sylvester has dealt with in the 10 years
he has been teaching boys to shoot.
The instructor believes most boys have
a natural instinct for shooting, inherited,
he likes to think, from pioneer forefathers
who relied on their guns in settling the
United States. He has encountered only
two who couldn't handle guns. Those,
he says, were not interested, for some
inexplicable reason.
Michael, like most boys, took to shoot-


ing like a young Daniel
forgetting his former first i
Saturday morning movie.
on the range from 9 to
Saturday of the month.
Mr. Sylvester, a towboat
works on a swing shift, is o
Canal and adjacent waters.


THE SECOND WINCHESTER to bear
that name, Model 1873, is explained by George
M. Sylvester, Manager of the Cocoli Junior Gun
Club, to three Club members and ardent admirers
of the Manager's large gun collection. Buster
McGowin, left, looks over a Model 1894 Win-
chester of today. Michael Dubbs, right, and
Ralph Parker, left, look, listen, and ask questions.
find out for yourself that it is not. Keec


the bolt open a
shooting. If yo
gun, leave it str
Michael was
Handbook and
larly the safety
code of the Jut


ill the time you are not
>u know nothing about a
ictly alone."


also given a Jun
was told to study
rules that com
tior Rifleman.


ior Rifle
particu-
prise the
Mr. Syl-


vester doesn't believe min pinning
down to much memorizing but he


ask for summaries of
they understand its
lessons.
Later explanations
with a .22 target pi
rudimentary "do's"
the pistols they may
dresser drawer.
With a minimum o
sons," Michael got d<


the Code to be
s important s


boys
does
sure
afety


by Mr. Sylvester
stol teach the boys
and don'tt" about
run across min some
)f preliminary "les-
own on the mat and


aimed the target rifle. In the first four
or five shots he got right on the target-
typical of most of the "novices" Mr.


The
father
for sh
gun.
which
but a
target
Mr.
in the
purch
type t
instan
father
If (
"lemo
langua


know
takes
works
to the
The
boy fi
much


Boone, even
interest in the
He practiced
12 on three
)n the fourth,
engineer who
in duty in the


He Got His Gun
Club Manager reported to Michael's
that his son had a definite aptitude
ooting so his father bought him a
It was not the dangerous air rifle
Michael had long since forgotten,
single shot .22 caliber Stevens
rifle.
Sylvester's only recommendation


matter of guns is that the weapons
based for boys be light rifles of a
hat could be used in the woods, for
ce, if the boy were hunting with his
in the United States.
ne of the lads turns up with a
n," a "clunker" in Mr. Sylvester's
uge, the instructor never lets him
that his gun is no good. He just
the weapon home with him and
it over for the boy, bringing it up
class it should be for target work.
instructor probably also lets the


ad out
better


by using the Club rifle how
his gun would be if it had a


sling, which Mr. Sylvester probably also
installs on the weapon.
The first time a boy shoots a good set
of targets, the targets go home with him
so that his family can share his excitement
of accomplishment. Not the least of the
instructor's jobs is the paper work en-
tailed in scoring the targets and recording


*I


Ri





JUNE 5, 1953


THElPANAMA CANAL REVIEW


trigger guard was completely broken.
Hie restored it to its original state,
using old tools and emulating, in many
cases, crude methods used by old master
gunsmiths to retain the authenticity.
Springs were Difficult
The springs were the hardest to dupli-
cate. Working like the old gunsmiths


long before the d
classified by deg
judged the tempe
metal as it was dr
Mr. Sylvester r
springs that were
hard before he ach
for the springs for
each unsuccessful
project away for
up the courage t
*


lays of tempered steel
treess of hardness, he
r by the color of the
awn from the fore.


nade about
either too
ieved the ri
the old mu
try, he wou
months befo
o start on


six sets of
soft or too
ght temper
sket. After
ld put the
re working
the springs


again.
His guns are all like the old musket.
He doesn't have them if they do not


MEMBERS of the Cocoli Junior Gun Club are shown here with their manager, George M. Sylvester,
right, at one of the regular Saturday morning practice sessions at the firing range in Cocoli.


the scores with the National Rifle
Association.
Boys never go home empty handed
from the Club prize shoots, which are
held about three times a year. Mr.
Sylvester believes in a minimum of medals
for prizes and a maximum of things boys
like, such as cartridge blocks, cleaning
rods and kits, jack knives and model cars.
Prizes from Distant Friends
Some of the most handsome prizes
given at the shoots have been donations
from Mr. Sylvester's friends in Massachu-
setts, who know of the Club only through
his letters and biennial visits home.
Medals, diplomas, brassards, and such
symbols of achievement come to the
boys as they progress through the N. R. A.
juniorrifleman ranks, from pro-marksman
to marksman, marksman first class,
sharp hooter, expert and, finally, dis-
tminguished rifleman.
James A. Hale, 15, Vice President of
the Club, is the only member who is now
classified as "expert rifleman," although
about six others are fast approaching
that mark. Six of the younger boys are
sharpshooters and the others, who are
comparatively new, are approaching the
rank of "marksman."
Gerald Hendrickson, now a student
sainiRtant at, fni PTnama flananl T~ihrsrv


with relatives and friends in New England.
The Gun Club gatherings at the Syl-
vester home were more common when
they lived close to the Club in Cocoli.
Then the doorstep was worn thin by
young gun-enthusiast callers.
The change of location doesn't reduce
the steady stream of older callers who
come to admire the collection, swap a
gun for another gun or for Mr. Sylvester's
services as gunsmith, ask the history or
value of a particular piece or make use


of his extensive library of source
on the subject.
Mr. Sylvester explains his c
largely in terms of the history the
weapons encompass.
He usually starts with a .6


material

collection
different


Caliber


flintlock musket of 1775, one of those
purchased, possibly by Benjamin Frank-
lin, in France or Austria for use against
the Redcoats in the Revolutionary War.
The words "Town of Boston" are burned
into the stock and it has faint regimental
markings.
That old gun, like many others in his
collection, came from a pawn shop in
Boston.
When he bought it, the main spring
was broken; the old screws with their
odd threads were rusted in, broken or
missing; many internal parts of the lock
i -, 1 ml 1t


shoot and
condition.


are all


in excellent


Of course, he reloads his own
fit the outlandish calibers, us
tools of his father's that started
collection. The first guns the
acquired were bought to replace
his father once owned on which
the tools. Single shells for some o


in the collection would cost


guns
as $2
them
Th
gun
caplo
made
inN
1852,
Ferr


if Mr. Sylvester would
outright.
e next historical step
collection may be tw
ck rifles of the Civil
for the government b
ew England and the
that came from
SArsenal.


shells to
ing old
the gun
collector
weapons
he used
f the old
as much


Sor could buy

through the
o .58 caliber
War era, one
y contractors
other, dated
the Harper's


Mr. Sylvester might stop next at a
.52 caliber Smith carbine, one of the
type strewn all over the field at the
Battle of Gettysburg, he explains.
The historical tour through the collec-
tion might stop next at a .50 caliber
Sharps Buffalo Rifle; the old Winchester
'73, once used at the Canal Zone Peniten-
tiary; a Colt revolver of 1860 of the type
used by Pony Express riders; or another
old Colt "peacemaker," so called for the
role it played in the hands of "the law"
in the old Wild West.
Guns for Ladies
Then Mr. Sylvester might show the
visitor an 1860 four-barrel double-action
Remington ."vest pocket". or "lady's"
_^ -~ .L_ -a -~j -* ,.~ --f ~ _k__ -J- I- _- ,.* a f - -- f





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5,1953


Well-Known


Retit


Headwaiter

res After I


For

song


Clubhouses


Service


With


Canal


and then to the building, now demolished,


which subsequently


theater.


became the Ancon


The present Ancon Clubhouse


was at that time a restaurant, operated
by a concessionaire.


All of his
at Ancon.


service since 1918 has been
In 1940 he was made head-


waiter and for the last 13


seeking


to it that people


years
were


has been
seated,


given menus and ice water, and that they


were


served.
w he has retired.


Last Sunday


night he seated his last customer and
called his last waitress to attention.


Retiring with him that day


other oldtimers from


were


the Ancon Club-


house, Arthur R. Sealy, a janitor with


some


years


service,


and Alexander


King, a waiter, who has been on the
Isthmus since 1913 and who has some


19 years of Canal


CYRIL


C. LINDO


When Cvril C. Lindo came to the Canal


Zone from Jamaica in 1909, he


entirely


unfamiliar


thing


was not
:s here.


Two older Lindos, Abraham and David,
had preceded him and sent word back


home that jobs


were plentiful and that


their 21-year-old brother should have no
trouble getting work.
So Cyril Lindo, who later became one
of the best-known of the Clubhouse Divi-


sion's


head-waiters,


quit his job


service.


Mr. Lindo has no plans for the future.
At close to 65, he feels that he has earned


the right to take things


He and his


wife will live in Panama, where they have
two sons and two grandchildren.
Two other second generation Lindos
live in New York where one of them works
for a dress manufacturer and the other is
on the clerical staff of the United Nations.


as a


messenger in the office of the Jamaican
newspaper, the "Gleaner," and came to
the Canal Zone.


During


his first few


years


here he


thought frequently of his Jamaican home
and, after he was married and began to


raise


a family, wished he could send his


children back there to school.


But later


he began to realize that the Isthmus


a pretty good pla
daughter and three


ce to bring up his
sons and to this day


has never been back to Jamaica.


Nor, he


says now, has he any desire to return there.


His first job
as. as he also


was at Empire where he
was later at Portobelo, a


helper for a drill gang.


were the


men who drilled the holes into which


blasting powder was put.


It was trying


work, very often knee- to hip-deep in mud.
In 1913 he moved to inside work,
i i I i


"GARD"


will be arriving in the Commissaries


this month-just in time to


save fabrics and


leathers from this year's rainy season rains.


"Gard"


is a combination of synthetic resins


that weatherproofs practically


any fabric,


leather, straw, or paper.
Sprayed on clothes, purses, luggage, shoes,
convertible tops, outdoor furniture, or auto-
mobile upholstery, for instance, it waterproofs
them but does not seal the pores of the ma-
terial. It will cost about 85 t for a 5-ounce,
and $1.25 for an 11-ounce can.


Alligator
Haitian
Pears
pected in


pears


from Haiti-the kind Canal


old-timers drool about


recall


former


when


at Port-au-


Prince on Panama Line sailings
have been ordered and are ex-


the


stores


in June.


Applications Close June 10

For 8 New Margarita Houses
Applications are now being received
at the Cristobal Housing office for eight
new houses in Margarita. The applica-
tions will be closed on June 10. One of
the houses is a three-bedroom breezeway,
three are type 333 which have three-


bedrooms,
mainder a
bedrooms.


one bath,


ire type 332,


and the


which have two


All are single houses.


Late last month 12 of the 148 apart-
ments which are being built at Margarita
had been occupied. The Margarita hous-


ing project will
part of August.


be finished


the latter


The new houses which are occupied
are all in the First Street Area. All
are masonry.
The Margarita housing project is the
single largest construction job, moneta-
rily, in the current housing program. The
total amount of the contract is around


$3,250,000.


The Margarita contract in-


eluded grading and site preparation for
the Margarita School, which is now under


construction, as well


as an area adjacent


to Gulick Road and the Bolivar Highway
intersection.


Bids for the Mar
opened in February


tract awarded
Macco-Panpacifi
Corozal housing


garita project were
1952 and the con-


a short


time later


c, which also holds the
construction contract.


fry find plenty of interests to keep them hap-
pily occupied. Commissary wholesale people
had that in mind when they stocked up on a
lot of toys that are available in the retail
stores now.


bo


There are pedal bikes for $3.75; regular
ys' and girls' bicycles for $48.95 to


$62.50; scooters, from $4.45 to $7.75;
velocipedes, $8.40 to $15.40; roller skates;
many attractive and entertaining children's


activity books; cowboy holster


rubber


dolls and toys; many wooden action toys;
harmonicas-all kinds of things to brighten
the vacation period for children and Iheir
parents.


Travelers
Help for
Mothers


or stay-at-homes with children and
children's laundry problems will


also


be interested





IflI nr rnttr'n eaarc,


in the large
t+-rbar r-Ir,'t Ikae


I


t I




June 5, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Canal Zone Seal Used


Of


Documents


On


Thousands


Past


47 Years


although the original die and counter were
replaced m 1938. Maj. Gen. George W.
Davis, first Governor of the Canal Zone,
noted in March 1905 that the seal
would be a fixture on the Isthmus "for
all time."
The Executive Secretary has always
been the Custodian of the seal. In 1906
the seal was located in his office on the
Isthmus.
When the Isthmian Canal Commission
was replaced by The Panama Canal
organization in 1914 an Executive Order
again placed the Executive Secretary in
charge of the seal of the Government of
the Canal Zone and an Executive Regu-
lation of December 5, 1951, reiterated


that provision in
organization.
The features of v
the seal's forebears
present Canal files
some of its character
have been inherited
builders.


GRAYCE LYDIA NADEAU, of the Executive Secretary's office, spells off her boss now and
then when it comes to impressing the seal of the Canal Zone on some of the 5,000 documents which
are so marked each year.


-The official seal of the Canal Zone in
the office of the Executive Secretary is
the "granddaddy" of all the seals used in
the near half-century history of the Pan-
ama Canal organization.


It was authorized
Canal Commission
was delivered to
February 1906.
The seal is used
ticate official and


by the first Isthmian
in March 1905 and
the Canal Zone in


primarily to authen-
legal documents-


particularly those that are to be used in
jurisdictions other than the Canal Zone.
The impression of the seal is used in con-
junction with the signature of the Execu-
tive Secretary attesting the authenticity
and validity of official acts.


The Cana


Zone seal and the muscle


peering Division. The Secretary of the
Company in Washington is custodian of
the corporate seal.
In addition to the Company and Canal
Zone seals, there are about 200 Notary
Public seals in use in the Canal Zone as
well as a few other official seals used in
the Canal organization.
One is used by the Board of Local
Inspectors, principally on licenses to
motorboat operators; seals of the Port
Captains at Balboa and Cristobal are
used primarily on certificates of clearance
for vessels leaving Canal waters; the
Board of Admeasurement uses a seal
primarily for tonnage certificates for ves-
sels transiting the Canal. These seals
were changed slightly in wording in 1951
- It .. *1......I*


present


Canal


hat may have been
are not shown in
which indicate that
ristics, at least, may
from French Canal


Exact Origin Clouded
Sketchy records, conflicting personali-
ties, and lines of authority in Washington
and on the Isthmus during the early
American Canal efforts leave some doubt
as to the exact origin of the design and
motto of the seal which are generally
attributed to Gaillard Hunt, former
Chief of the Passport Bureau of the
State Department.
Governor Davis submitted to the Isth-
mian Canal Commission in Washington
in December 1904 designs he had origi-
nated for a Canal Zone seal. His designs
had been executed by C. Bertoucini, then
an employee of the Commission on the
Isthmus who had formerly worked for the
French Canal Company.
The disposition of those designs was
the subject of considerable inquiry later
in 1905 when the Governor requested
that they be returned to him, and again
in 1932 when correspondence in the
Washington office of The Panama Canal
was combed and copied in an attempt to
establish the origin of the seal.
A notation from a meeting of the Isth-
mian Canal Commission in March 1905,
stated that the Chairman had accepted
an offer made by Mr. Hunt to prepare a
design for the seal. He had also designed
the seals of Puerto Rico and the Philip-
pine Islands.
In reply to an inquiry concerning the




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5,1953


Ten


ears


Ago


May


Commended


The Balboa Quarantine Station was
moved to Corozal, following the transfer
from the Canal to the Navy of the former
Quarantine Station area at Fort Amador.
During the early days of the war, the
Balboa station was used for a camp for
internees.

Dry excavation for the Third Locks at
Gatun was completed. The contract for
the dry excavation was the first major
contract awarded for the Third Locks
project. The work had started in February,
1941, and had been conducted on a 24-hour-
a-day, seven-day-a-week basis until it
was completed.

"Skunk Hollow" or "Jungle Glen"
became officially "Curundu." Names
for the officially unnamed Army civilian
housing area were selected by a committee
composed of Col. Ross E. Windom, Dis-
trict Engineer in charge of the area;
Brodie Burnham, Editor of The Panama
American; and H. W. Northrup, a


HONOR


GRADUATE


t


YVONNE KEPERMAX, above,


was given the


Canal Zone Junior College's Honor Award this week
at the College graduation ceremonies. Her name will
be inscribed on a plaque at the entrance to the col-
lege building, along with the names of the 18 young
men and women who have been similarly honored.
The plaque was presented in 1935 by the first class
which was graduated from the Junior College "In
honor of the member of each class of the Canal Zone


representative of the recently-formed
civic council. The name "Curundu" was
chosen in an overwhelming vote of
residents in a mass meeting and then
Lt. Gen. George H. Brett, chief of the
Caribbean Command, made it official.

The Governor requested telephone sub-
scribers to help relieve the heavy load on
the telephone system which had become
increasingly congested. He also an-
nounced that the rainy season would
bring no relaxation of regulations for the
conservation of water, since increased
consumption for several months had been
near the filtering capacity of the system.
Hoses were not to be used to clean screens,
wash vehicles, or water lawns or shrubbery
around quarters.

Another announcement from Balboa
Heights reminded local residents that
gasoline ration books must be returned to
the License Section when vehicles were
sold or transferred.


Ten Year Old Dream Is Nearing Reality
For Margarita Recreational Association
(Continued from page 2) donated to the MRA
for the Scouts of Margarita.
Someone else conceived an idea of
raising funds to have them erected and
Donald Brayton, an MRA director, coined
the slogan "Give your dough and watch
it grow." By mid-May the fund stood
at $1,593.05. The money came from
about everywhere and everyone. Men of
Margarita who had neither time nor skill
in construction work gave money to hire
what help was needed.
The Margarita Cubs held a county fair


and raised
feeling that
their future
building f
Scouts gav
contributed
the Boilerr
It all piled
according
Schear mon
When th
the MRA d
is coming
over sponsor


$100. Cristobal Girl Scouts,
Margarita may eventually be
home, gave $300 from their
und. The Margarita Girl
e another $300. Boy Scouts
$75 from their treasury, and
makers Local 463 gave $25.
up to an amazing total, and
to MRA treasurer Gerard
ey is still coming in.
e huts are up and occupied,


oes
on
)rsh


not plan to relax. July 4
and the MRA has taken
ip of children' activities,


up to and including the program, judges,
and prizes.


JEROME HOWARD, quartermaster on the
ferryboat Presidente Amador, won a commenda-
tion last month from Governor Seybold for
rescuing a young girl from drowning.
The girl jumped from the ferryboat President
Roosevelt just as the two ferries were passing in
midstream. The quartermaster dived over-
board, swam 75 feet to the drowning girl, and
then towed her back to his ferryboat.
In his letter Governor Seybold said: "I take
great pleasure in commending you for your
courageous deed which reflects great credit upon
you and upon the Canal organization."


C. Z. Seal Used On Thousands Of Documents

(Continued from page lli) the research he
had done and explaining in this manner
the designs he had submitted to the
Commission:
French Motto
"The motif of my design was, first, to
comply with the law-second, to give it
an essential interoceanic Canal character,
for the United States has but one errand
at Panama-to make a canal, to join the
seas for the benefit of mankind-and I,
therefore, adopted a motto expressive of
that idea.
"Of course," the Governor continued,
"It is well known that M. DeLesseps
adopted a motto for his (French Canal)
Company, the idea of which was that the
continents were divided for the benefit
of mankind."
Artists of "Messrs. Tiffany and Com-
pany" in New York prepared the design
that was recommended to the Commission
by Mr. Hunt and was adopted by that
body-after the Chairman changed the





June 5, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Disrupted

The Canal's apprentice training pro-
gram has been disrupted by the recent
reduction in force of some crafts and by
the induction or forthcoming induction
into the military service of a number of
the apprentices.
As of the week of May 18 through 22,
the number of apprentices in training had
been reduced from 60 during the month of
March to 42. Of the 18 reductions in the
number of apprentices, six were given
reduction in force notices in the Industrial
Bureau and 12 had resigned to enter the
military service.
A number of others will probably be
drafted before they can complete their
training, if the present large Selective
Service quotas for the Canal Zone
continue.
It will be several weeks, Personnel
officers said, before it will be known how
many-if any-of the apprentices enter-
ing the military service will be replaced.
Forty-five applicants, seven of whom were
veterans, took the six-part apprentice
examination at the Diablo Clubhouse on
May 9.
Gerald Hendrickson, a Junior College
student, ranked first in each of the five
written sections and the manipulative
exercise which comprised the examination.


Supply And Service
Bureau Is Assigned
U. S. Procurement

Responsibility for supply procurement
in the United States for the Company-


Government has been assigned
Supply and Service Director
Panama Canal Company.
In a circular announcing the
Governor Seybold instructed the
and Service Director to assume


to the
of the
change,
Supply
control


immediately and submit recommenda-
tions on the organization of the Purchas-
ing Office in New York so that the plan
will become fully operative by the first
of July 1953.
The Canal's procurement organization
hlQ hpnn a nrt ;f ithn fnmnanv's Now


w


Program

ith Draft


Calls


A register and the scores of those
who took the examination has been com-
piled and is now in the hands of Division
heads who expect to employ apprentices
about the beginning of the fiscal year,
July 1.
Present indications are that about
five apprentices will be employed, but
this number does not include those who
may replace the apprentices who are being
drafted.
Deferments are not being requested for
apprentices but their induction may be
postponed for a period of up to 90 days
to permit them to complete the current
quarter of formal apprentice school
courses in which they are engaged at the
time they are ordered to report for induc-
tion.


Forty


Canal'


Ago


May


4




7K

A. .

r _.
- -- a --- d ; =. = -

AJAX, one of the Dredging Division's two 250-ton cranes, is a familiar sight to most Zonians
as she now appears with her towering superstructure. But she looked like this when she arrived
from Germany July 9, 1914. Ajax and her sister-crane, Hercules, were ordered 40 years ago last
month.


A contract for two floating cranes of
250 gross tons capacity was awarded to
the Deutsche Maschinefabrik A. G. of
Duisburg, Germany. Four bids, from


of the
hotel
in thi
An


Commissary and brought the I. C. C.
there the biggest business of any hotel
e history of Canal construction.
average of 1,8325 meals were served


Apprentice


Transiting Ship
Flies Royal Flag
The Personal Standard of a reigning
queen flew from the mast of a transit-
ing ship last month; oldtimers believe
it chalks up another "first" for the
Canal.
The queen was Queen Salote Tupou
of Tonga, a 250-square mile island
kingdom in the Southwest Pacific.
She was a passenger aboard the S. S.
"Rangitoto" en route to England to
attend the coronation of Queen
Elizabeth II.
The Queen's domain is also known
as the Friendly Islands. It is divided
into three main groups: Tongatabu,
Haapai, and Vavan.
Edward M. Barlow of the Locks
Division, who met Queen Salote Tupou
aboard ship, was told by a member of
her party that Captain Cook had visited
the islands about 1775. He left there
two tortoises. One died about 50
years ago. The other still lives at the
Royal Palace, having been run over
three times-once by an American
jeep-and having survived several fires.


ears





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5, 1953


April 15 Through May 15


Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between April 15 and May 15 are
listed below. Regradings and within-grade
promotions are not listed.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Jerry W. Detamore, from Records
Administrator, Records Section, to Meth-
ods Examiner, Property and Survey Section.
Mrs. Joyce C. Hudson, from Secretary,
Office of the Governor, to Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, Administrative Branch.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mrs. Winifred J. White, Mrs. Patri-
cia F. Van Evera, Mrs. Ethel P. McDer-
mitt, from Substitute Teacher to Elemen-
tary Teacher.
Fred Huddleston, from Fireman to
Postal Clerk.
Robert L. Anston, from Life Guard,
Division of Schools, to Fireman.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Alex A. Levine, from Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, Police DI)ivision, to Accountant,
Internal Audit Staff.
Warren Pitman, from Budget Special-
ist to Business Analyst, Management Staff.
Robert Lessiack, from Governmental
Systems Accountant, Internal Audits Staff,
to Business Analyst, Management Staff.
Carl W. Hoffmeyer, from Postal Clerk
to Construction Cost Analyst.
Albert M. Jenkins, Systems Account-
ant, from Cost Accounts Branch to Ac-
counting Systems Staff.
Mrs. Eva M. Grassau, from Fiscal Ac-
counting Clerk, Industrial Bureau, to Cash
Accounting Clerk, Costs Account Branch.
John W. Walker, from Cash Account-
iug Clerk, Costs Accounts Branch, to
Accountant, Internal Audit Staff.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU


Leo B.
Water and
eral Forema
Harry F.
Panama P
Water and
Charles


Clements,
Laboratories
n, Panama P
Cody, from
public Works
Laboratories
B. Douglas,


from
Brat
public
Gene
, to
Bran
from


Supervisor,
ich, to Gen-
Works.
ral Foreman,
Supervisor,


ch.
P


owerh


Operator to Powerhouse Operator-Dis-
patcher, Electrical D)ivision.
John E. Ridge, Jr., from Painter Leader
to Heavy Labor Foreman, Maintenance
Division.


Mrs.
Stenogr
Secretai
Moa


OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR
Grayce L. Nadeau, from Clerk-
apher, Administrative Branch, to
ry, Executive Secretary's Office.
FIo Ma siuire RSrciretr from


JVA f* TL .7 A -* *~ -/- ^- *
Executive Secretary's Office toc
the Governor.
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
Arnulfo Manning, from S
Shipping, Commissary D)ivision,
twice (combination welder).
MARINE BUREAU


Office of
SOffice of


torekecper,
to Appreii-


Employees who


Supply Clerk to Storekeeper (general)
Pacific Locks.
Albert L. Wilder, from Pilot-in-Training
to Probationary Pilot.
John F. Martin, from Locks Security
Guard to Clerk-Typist, Pacific Locks.
Harry W. Gardner, from Public Works
Foreman, Maintenance Division, to Wharf-
Building Foreman, Dredging Division.
William E. Hopkins, from Probation-
ary to Qualified Pilot.
Elmer G. Abbott, from Pilot to Assist-
ant Port Captain, Balboa.
Robert C. Carter, from Construction
Equipment and Pumping Plant Operator,
Maintenance I)ivision, to Lock Operator,
Pacific Locks.
Glenn M. Cramer, from First Mate to
Master, U. S. S. Tabogc.
Cecil Kovel, from Gauger, Division of
Storehouses, to Property and Supply Clerk,
Dredging Division.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
L. B. Burnham, from Employee Coun-
sellor to Training Officer.
Mrs. Joanne E. Robinson, Clerk-
Typist, from Employment and Utilization
Division to Personnel Records Division.
Mrs. Nina J. Coppenhaver, from Clerk-
Stenographer, Employment and Utilization
Division, to Personnel Clerk (Stenographer)
Office of the Director.
RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU
Osmond N. Austin, Edmond N.
Eberly, from Helper, Locks Overhaul, to
Gauger and Cribtender Foreman, Term-


inals Division.
Eugene Wl
gation Divisio
Foreman, Ter
SUPPLY


white,
)I, to
I


I. .


from Signal
Gauger and


mnais 1.
AND SE]


Henry E. May, fri
intendent to Superint
Storehouses.
James B. Gilder,
Supply Clerk to Comi
Floyd R. Johnson,


ply and
Willi
Locks (
Storeho


Navi-
)ten der


PIVISIO .
RVICE BUREAU
om Assistant Super-
endent, Division of


from
nissar
from


vice Director to 1
A. Hadarits,
haul, to Gauger


Raoul O. Theriault,
Procurement Officer to
countant, Commissary D)
Norman B. Davison,
Business Accountant to
countant, Commissary )
Mrs. Mabel M. Du
Operator, from Housing


Property
y Assistant.
Assistant S


director .
from Helper,
. Division of


from Su
Supervi
division.
from Su
Superv
vision.
ncan,
Division


Tpervi
sorv


ipervisory
isory Ac-

Felephone
to Conm-


emissary l)ivision.
Frank F. Williams, from Supervisory
Accounting Clerk to Procurement Officer,
Commissary I division .
Beverley C. Halliday, from Procure-
ment Officer to Supervisory Procurement
Officer, Commissary Division.


observed important anni-


adversaries during the month of May are
listed alphabetically below. The number
of years includes all Government service
with the, Canal or other agencies. Those
with continuous service with the Canal are
indicated with (*).
41 YEARS
Maj. George Herman, Chief, Police
Division.
Berney J. Robinson, Steam Engineer,
Terminals Division.
35 YEARS
Ira L. Wright, Assistant to Comptroller.
Jessie K. Maurer, Supervisor Nurse,
Colon Hospital.
30 YEARS
Earl Cassell. Electrical Suoervisor.


Gatun Locks.
Earl A. Dyer, Foreman, Printing Plant.
25 YEARS


David Norton, Car Inspector,
Division.
Robert L. Blaney, Traffic
Terminals Division.
Jeanne C. Magnuson, A
Clerk, Accounting Division.
Roger T. Williams, Forem
tender and Steam Engineer,
Division.
John A. Everson, District
Electrical Division.
Walter R. Lindsay, Chief,
Maintenance Division.


Richard C.
Metal Worker,
Eleanor A. I
Office of Compt
George H. S
duction Plant.
Howard E.
Payroll Branch.
*Douglas S.
Assistant, Corn
Robert H.
ments Assistant
Robert L. S


Railroad

Manager,

accounting

an Crib-
Terminals

Wireman,

Grounds


20 YEARS
McKeown, Leader, Sheet
Maintenance Division.
Connor, Accounting Clerk,
troller.
anford, Supervisor, Repro-


Turner,


Assistant


Chief,


Johnston, Administrative
munity Services Bureau.
Adams, Supply Require-
, Division of Storehouses.
nyder, Postal Clerk.


15 YEARS


*Walter H. Hobby, Supervisor, Body
Repair Shop, Motor Transportation DI)ivi-
sion.
Elmer H. Gardner, Wireman, Electrical
Division.
Fred L. Wertz, Jr., Locomotive Engin-
eer, Railroad Division.
R. L. Hendrickson, Senior Towboat
Master, Navigation Division.
Lavinia R. Dahlhoff, Telephone Oper-
ator, Electrical Division.
Harold J. McCarrick, Foreman, Public
Works, Maintenance D)ivision.
*Ethel C. Myers, Nurse, Gorgas Hos-
pital.
Gregory G. Cartotto, Business Ac-


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


ANNIVERSARIES





June 5,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Marine


Directors


Capal Zone Dogs Will Be Licensed;
Anti-Rabies Vaccination Required


(Continued from page 1


known to have


bitten any person or any animal, or any
animal known to have been bitten by any
other animal which is suspected of
having rabies.
The animal which has bitten anyone
may be impounded for a 14-day period
under veterinary inspection; in the case
of an animal bitten by a rabid dog the
quarantine period may be four months.
Poundmasters will be authorized to
impound any dogs or cats which are at
large, although the dogs are licensed, if
they believe the animals have been aban-
doned or are in such poor health that
they are a menace to public health and
safety.
Impounded Animals May Be Sold


CAPT. FRANK A. MUNROE, JR., who becomes Marine Director for the Panama Canal
Company on Sunday, is shown here talking over some of the fine points of his new job with his pre-
decessor, Capt. Marvin J. West, right. Captain Munroe arrived May 23; prior to his assignment
to the Isthmus, he was commanding officer of the U. S. Naval Receiving Station in Seattle. Captain
West, who has been assigned to San Diego as commanding officer of the Naval Receiving Station,
plans to leave June 10 for California.


Governor Promises Support For Differential
(Continused from page 1) future actions
were made:
The Supply and Service Director has
tentative plans to keep six of the Canal
Commissaries open one evening a week;
Consideration is being given to the
future of the Gamboa Clubhouse which
is operating at a considerable loss.
Present Commissary plans, according
to the announcement made by Edward
A. Doolan, Personnel Director, call for
the Balboa, Cristobal, Cocoli, Rainbow
City, Tivoli, and Gamboa Commissaries,
to open at 1 p. m. on Thursday and re-
main open until 8 p. m. All sections of
the retail stores would be open during
this period.
Should the plan be adopted, it will be
on a trial basis and would begin June 11.
Regarding the Gamboa Clubhouse,
the conferees were told that a deficit of
$5,800 was incurred there during the
first nine months of the fiscal year. The
Gamboa Clubhouse has never broken
.. .........


future meeting, if the report was true
that two official quarters recently built
near the Administration Building had
recently been reevaluated and reduced
in capital value because of excessive plan
and design costs. He also asked if this
policy would be pursued through other
housing, since there had been general
employee complaint on overly high
engineering charges, and if some adjust-
ment in rent might be expected.
Question Asked
In that section of the meeting devoted
to matters carried over from previous
conferences, the Governor reported:
That two spiral-type clotheslines will
be installed for each of the new houses
larger than two bedrooms; in future
construction, pipe-and-wire clotheslines
will be installed;
That no basis had been found for
complaints that customers had been
short-changed at the Pedro Miguel Com-
missary; in connection with such com-
plaints he asked that they be specific and
* i I I I I I 1 1


Impounded
their owners v
four days. N
impounded w
two places i
animal was
Pound fees
those animals


have
been
be 50


bitten so


animals not clI


ill be
notice
ill be
n the
picked


offered for
that the
posted pi
district
up.


aimed by
sale after
animal is
publicly in
here the


will be $1 a day, except for
picked up because they
meone or have themselves


bitten. In such
cents per day.


cases


the fee will


Dog licensing is not new in the Canal
Zone. As early as 1908, dogs were
licensed; the fee was $3 for a female and
$1.50 for a male. Dogs used as watch-
dogs on farms and not permitted to run
loose did not need licenses but their
owners were bound by law to kill such
animals should they contract a "loath-
some, contagious, or infectious disease."
Later that same year, after an Isthmian-
wide outbreak of rabies, the Chief Sani-
tary Officer was empowered to designate
any area of the Canal Zone in which dogs
were required to be muzzled when run-
ning loose. On February 16, 1909, Col.
William C. Gorgas so designated the
entire Canal Zone. The order was in
effect for almost 13 months before it
was rescinded.


GOETHALS


MEMORIAL





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 5,1953


THE HOUSE OF
About 3,000 visitors inspected the house pictured on this page
during the week it was open to the public. The "House of
Ideas," a duplex apartment in the new housing development at
Paraiso, was furnished as a training project in home economics
and vocational classes at Red Tank, La Boca, and Rainbow City
High Schools. Furnishings were borrowed, made or renovated.
Visitors were invited to utilize in their homes decorating and
penny-saving ideas that appealed to them.


IDEAS


CEMENT BLOCKS, painted green, plus plain
boards made this bookcase. Pacific Evergreen Gar-
den Club members provided flower arrangements, also
served as hostesses when the house was open May 3-10


LIGHT FURNITURE that can be combined in sectional units was chosen
to add spaciousness to living room. Drapes on traverse rods give light and
air, can be closed for privacy. Two framed San Bias Indian molas add color.


DROP LEAF table with shelves bel
was specially designed to save space,
here by Allan Tomlin, shop student at


ow, drawers for silverware on the ends
provide storage area. It is inspected
La Boca where it was made. An open
closet was fitted with
a curtain that matches
the drapes, open shelves
above and closed cabi-
net below to provide
the china cabinet and
storage area on the left.
Material for the drop
l leaf table cost $13.15;
-i the china closet. $4.14.


YELLOW QUILTED CORNICE, made in tailoring classes at La Boca,
frames the double window in the front bedroom, matching in color the spread
made there for the Hollywood bed. Modern twin dressers, maroon on the out:
s side with the inside of the drawers painted yellow, used in this room were modern-
ized steel quartermaster dressers. Their reconditioning cost $3.06. The cornice
^^i 0Ak An V 1 UIL..,^i*/>*u. ~.4.~nisn 9O flC


Sr -.


Li'
a




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Full Text

PAGE 1

Gift of the Panama Canal Museum THE
PAGE 2

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1953 TenYear-Old Dream Is Nearing Reality For Margarita Recreational Association In the fast growing Atlantic side town of Margarita a dream of long standing is finally coming true. Every weekend, beginning about the middle of the dry season, a group of Margarita men, supported morally and with occasional cooling drinks by their women, have been hard at work clearing and levelling a 10,500 square-foot plot of land north of the town's grade school and playground and close to the intersection of Fifth Street and Diversion Road. Two trained heavy equipment operators, Waldo Gilley and Murrel L. Dodd, manned a bulldozer and a scraper, rented from the Maintenance Division, to clear and level the site. A dozen other men, sparked by Charles H. Bath, Jr., president of the Margarita Recreational Association, have done other preparatory work and by mid-May had forms ready to pour concrete for the footing of two large and one small Quonset huts. The younger generation has pitched in, too, and Association members credit them with outstanding work. When the huts are up and fitted with lights and plumbing, they will become the new homes for Margarita's Boy and Girl Scouts, a project which has been a pet of the Margarita Recreational Association for the past decade. Members of the Association consider it quite fitting that the completion of the buildings, now expected about the start of the school year, will follow close on the organization's official eleventh birthday. Story Of Margarita The story of the Margarita Recreational Association, MRA to everyone in or connected with it, is practically the story of Margarita. According to Mrs. Julius Hentschel, now of Ancon, who was the first MRA president, it started like many such groups do. A number of people got together, talked about conditions in the then Third Locks town, asked themselves "why don't we . .?" and the first thing they knew they had. In 1942 Margarita was a bustling town of some 1 ,000 people, most of them working for the Third Locks organization or for the contractors who were excavating at Gatun. They had more energy than ways of expending it and facilities for letting off steam were not available in Margarita. Tires were rationed, it was not pleasant driving at night with black-out headlights and gasoline rationing was just around the corner. Cristobal might just as well have been a hundred miles away, Mrs. Hentschel said. The MRA started off with a bang. One of its first projects was to get permission to use unoccupied baggage rooms in Margarita bachelor quarters for darkrooms for the camera club which the MRA was sponsoring. The upstairs of the Margarita Clubhouse became MRA headquarters and there the groupmembership in which comes with being a Margaritan— held dances, childrens' parties, and other special festivities. Small admission fees for the adult affairs went into a kitty from which funds were taken to buy ping-pong tallies and other games equipment. There was a community workshop in the Margarita gymnasium, a chess club, a bridge club, dancing classes for the children. The dances, special parties, regular Bingo games and community picnics kept people busy. One of the liveliest of the MRA sponsored activities was a weekly newssheet called the "Margarita News." Under the slogan, "All the news that fits, we print," it carried news stories, a few want ads, personal mentions and such items of community interest as bowling and Softball scores, a movie schedule, and a calendar of coming events. But an even more ambitious program was in the collective mind of the MRA. They asked for, and were granted, an area which could be used for picnics, outdoor games, holiday celebrations and where Girl and Boy Scout houses could be built. The site was on Espave Avenue, opposite buildings 8021 and women and children lived in Margarita the emphasis of MRA activity has shifted somewhat, from the purely recreational for all ages to increasing service to the younger generation. While annual affairs such as Hallowe'en and Christmas parties and July 4 sports are by now standard, the officers and directors of the MRA feel that the strongest reason for community support comes from backing such characterbuilding projects as its annual Pony League baseball team this year the Margarita team placed s?cond in the Leagueand the Margarita Scouts. The MRA sponsors the Margarita Boy Scout Troop and the Cub Pack, and backs the Girl Scouts of the town. For a while the MRA had leased space in the old Margarita hospital as a Scout meeting place. When the hospital was vacated so that it could be razed, the Scouts moved to the basement of the Margarita MRA president Charles II. Bath, Jr., reviews construction plans for Margarita Boy and Girl Scout houses with officers and directors of the organization. Left to right are: Ross Cunningham, Mr. Bath, Mrs. Shirley Wertz, Gerard K. Senear, and Herbert Engelke. S060, now the contractor's area for new construction. Locks excavation contractors, Martin Wunderlich and Okes, had donated two single family houses which were to be moved to the recreation area. One was to be for the Boy Scouts, the other for the girls. For some reason, which present members of the MRA do not know, this area was never developed. The best recollection of people who were active in the MRA in those days i< that because of a lot of needed grading and filling, the project turned out to be too big for the group to handle at that time. With the cessation of work on the Third Locks, Margarita's population fell off and activities dwindled. Now that it is becoming the heart of the Atlantic side and its population is about back to the I'll.' level last December 989 men, gym, which was also a meeting place for all unhoused organizations in Margarita. About a year ago the MRA revived plans for the recreation area. In late October the area on Fifth Street was assigned to the MRA as a location for the Scout, shacks. Meantime the Association had learned about the three Quonset huts which had been stored in the Maintenance Division warehouse for several years. They had originally housed a small Marine detachment near Camp Bierd and had been purchased, as surplus, by E. R. MacYittie for the use of Cristobal Scouts. The Cristobal Scouts were unable to raise enough funds to have the buildings erected and they were stored and forgotten by most people. When the Margarita project began to take shape, someone remembered the huts and thev were then (See pagi it)

PAGE 3

June 5, 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Program Of Playground Activities Starts Soon In Zone Communities OUR OUT-OF-DOORS School vacation in the ("anal Zone this year will he chock full of fun. frolic, and useful training for the several thousand boys and girls who participate in the planned program of activities at the playgrounds and in the gymnasiums of the various communities. The program, planned by the Physical Education and Recreation Branch of the Division of Schools, got started this week with registration for the variety of activities in the local-rate communities. Registration for playground activities in the U. S.-rate towns will be held June 8, 9, and 10 except at Pedro Miguel where it will be only on June 8 and 9. V. J. Clarke Retiring; Successor Is Named The coming retirement of Vincent JClarke, former General Manager of the Commissary Division and more recently in charge of purchasing in New York for the Panama Canal Company, was announced last week at Balboa Heights. Mr. Clarke's retirement will be effective August 1. He will be succeeded by L. W. Ferguson, a comparative newcomer to the Canal Company's staff. Mr. Ferguson visited the Canal Zone late in May to familiarize himself with local operations. He has come to the Canal Company from the Office of Pries Stabilization where he has been Director of the Consumer Goods Division for the past two years. A native of Cleveland, Ohio, Mr. Ferguson is a graduate in business administration from Western Reserve University. He served during World War II in the Coast Guard and before his employment with the Office of Price Stabilizatnn had several years experience h a number of hrge retail stores in fcha Washington, D. C, area. Mr. Clarke's service with the Canal organization covers more than a quarter of a century. He was employed on the clerical staff of the Commissary Division in 1021, becoming its Chief Clerk in 1912 and its Assistant General Manager in 1915. He was made General Manager in September 1945, after the death of Arthur W. Goulet. The program in the local-rate towns will be for only two months since schools reopen in those communities in August. The playground activities in the I '. S.rate communities will continue through August. The playground program of the Physical Education and Recreation Branch is coordinated with, but is not a part of, the Summer Recreation Program. The latter consists chiefly of arts and crafts training and special events for the youngsters participating. "Fun Day" at the Balboa Gymnasium on June 12th will start the balls rolling and the games going for the summer playground program in that community. Another feature for the opening day in Balboa will be "Dress-Up-Day" for the five-to-eight-year-olds, when children's costumes will depict famous child characters and will include a parade if weather permits. The program will wind up with the judging of costumes and refreshments for the children. "Fun Day" is for children from 9 years old up through the teen age and will include games, hikes, boating, swimming, and a picnic. Special events, similar to the opening day in Balboa, have also been planned for other towns. The climax to the summer program will come during the closing weeks when championships in the various sports will be decided. Tournaments and Championship play will be held in the U. S.rate communities during August. Interplayground competition is scheduled throughout the summer vacation in the local-rate communities. The summer playground program this year will include, tennis, swimming, volleyball, basketball, badminton, archery, tumbling and acrobatics, story telling, story acting, finger painting, clay modeling, softball, kickball, speedball, soccer, badminton, horseshoes, bowling, paddle tennis, table tennis, ping pong, croquet, organized games, story hours, boxing, wrestling, apparatus, and other activities. Capt. Elmer Dunn Will Head Canal's Industrial Bureau Capt. Elmer J. Dunn, USN, has been appointed to succeed Capt. John J. Scheibeler, USN, as Director of the Industrial Bureau. Captain Dunn is arriving on the Isthmus about June 18. He has been stationed at the Naval Shipyard, Long Beach, Calif., as Repair Superintendent. Captain Dunn was graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1930. Captain Scheibeler is leaving about July 1. He will go to Washington, D. C, where he will be Senior Hull Member on the Board of Inspection and Survey in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Captain Scheibeler has headed the Industrial Bureau, which was still known as the Mechanical Division when he arrived, since June 1950. His last assignment before coming to the Isthmus was in the Portsmouth, X. II., Naval Shipyard, where he served as Planning Officer. < Inset of the rainy season does not mean that there will be no more flowering trees. Rather, some of the most showy of these trees have chosen this time of year to bloom. There is the Layestroemia Flux Reginat better known as the Queen of Flowers or the Pride of India. For a short period
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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1953 Thousands Of Varied Cases Are Handled Each Year By Zone Magistrates' Courts AMERICAN FLAGS hang at the front of each Magistrates' Court, This is the staff .if the Balboa court. Judge Altman seated at the bench. Left to right: Herbert Moore, docket clerk, Rex Beck, constable, and John Michaelis, clerk of court. Mr. Beck and Mr. Michaelis are also translators. People who run afoul of the Canal Zone law are apt to find themselves in one of the two Canal Zone Magistrates' Courts. If they live north of Panama Railroad track span 22-10, that is, north of a line which bisects the Canal Zone midway between Frijoles and Darien, they will face Judge Edward I. P. Tatelman, Magistrate for the Cristobal District since 1931. If they are residents of the Balboa District, which is the southern portion of the Canal Zone, they will go before Judge Edward M. Altman, Balboa Magistrate since 1951. All criminal cases, regardless of their severity, originate in the Magistrates' Courts. One day's list of defendants may include people charged with murder, burglary, or robbery, as well as those who have merely violated a traffic ordinance. If the Canal Zone offender has confined his illegal activity to a minor violation his case will be disposed of by the Magistrate. If the offense is classed as a felony— a crime punishable by death or by imprisonment in the penitentiary— or a "high misdemeanor"— layman's language for an offense for which the punishment exceeds that which can be imposed in the Magistrates' Courts, his appearance in the lower court will be of a temporary nature. In this latter case the Magistrate will hold what is called a preliminary hearing which determines whether a crime has been committed and whether there is evidence connecting the defendant with the crime. Should probable cause be found, the defendant is remanded to the District Court for trial. Tears and Smiles Sometimes stark tragedy appears in the Magistrates' Courts. In Cristobal there was Edward Kemp, who stabbed a fellow shipmate to death and who is now serving a life sentence in Gamboa Penitentiary. In Balboa two boys, 12 and 17 years old, were charged with murder after they killed a Chinese and pilfered a few dollars from his oatmeal can money box. In Cristobal three young soldiers faced murder charges for the death of a YMCA watchman. Any such case brings heartbreak to someone. People with faces drawn taut by tears and worry sit silent in the courtrooms as husbands, sons, or friends make their first appearances in the long process of the law. Once in a while there will come a break in solemn court procedure. Both courts have their "mango" or "chiva lawyers" who have picked up some legal terminology which they use with greater ease than exactness. Quite often their familiarity with court procedure comes from frequent appearances before the bench. No interpreter can unravel the mysteries of "Bajan" and a judge has to learn that "bird speed" means fast and that when someone complains that another man "don't give me a face" he means that he wasn't recognized. The actions of more than one Magistrate have been perpetuated in calypso verse and song. The war years brought a new kind of MOST PEOPLE think court activities are confined to the courtroom itself. A good deal of work precedes and follows court sessions. Here Cristobal Magistrate Edward I. P. Tatelman, center, works with Mrs. Rosemary Reardon, clerk -stenographer, and Sherman Brooks, constable-translator, in his office. case into the Magistrates' Courts. Balboa saw a German chemist charged with acting as a foreign agent. People who frequent the court building still talk about the size of the roll from which his $10,000 bail was posted. Four young Germans, one of them a girl, were brought before Judge Tatelman for espionage— taking photographs of a gun position at Fort Randolph. Also into the Cristobal court came officers of the 23,000-ton Italian liner Conte Biancamano on charges of conspiring to sabotage their ship. There were cases of trading with the enemy, censorship violations, and offenses such as photographing Canal installations. Riots which flared up in contract-labor camps over as little a matter as someone stepping on someone else's toe brought other problems. In Balboa the Magistrate talked like a "Dutch uncle" to warring factions and won their promise of understanding and cooperation. Language Troubles The official language of the courts, of course, is English. Sometimes the courtrooms are as polylingual as the Tower of Babel. In one year Cristobal recorded defendants of 75 different nationalities. Often this brought a problem of interpretation. One Cristobal defendant was a Jugoslav. He told his story to a man who spoke German. From German the translation was made into Spanish and eventually into English. And this went for every question asked or answered! Cases involving San Bias Indians usually require both San Bias and Spanish interpreters. Sherman Brooks, Constable-translator for the Cristobal court, speaks Spanish, French, Italian, and Portuguese, as well as English. The Balboa court staff can handle Spanish, German, and some French. Magistrates may but are not required to perform marriage ceremonies. In both courts some 300 couples a year take advantage of this service which is done without charge. Judge Altman once performed a marriage ceremony for a Russian princess. Judge Tatelman recalls one mass marriage over which he presided. Eighteen couples, whose homes were burned down in the t5epojefij

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June 5, 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW FOR YOUR INTEREST ^AND GUIDANCE IN ACCIDENT PREVENTION i£ VACATION ACCIDENTS This time of tinyear many employees take off with their families for vacations in the States. Others, like myself, will spend a few days vacation in the [nterior of Panama, or may enter such sports as the Panama deep-sea fishing tournament held during July. For all of us taking these vacations there is a great possibility of becoming involved in accidents. Death and injury are waiting for the unsuspecting on the highways, high seas, lakes, or wherever the carefree and careless, by thoughtless acts, let themselves become exposed to accidents. No matter what your general mental outlook may be, we can safely say that the welfare of a man's family always comes first when the chips are down. It is generally recognized that a capable and usually careful employee becomes accident prone when his mind is distracted by worry over the welfare of his family. For that reason, we hope we can impress upon you how important it becomes to you and your family that you don't lower your guard against accidents, off, as well as on, the job. It is not possible here to go into detail of ways and means to avoid accidents while on vacation, but since the welfare of an employee and his family are usually of prime interest to himself, his cooperation is the key in promoting off the job safety. In order to help you, as an employee on vacation, see the dangers ahead, let's look at the types of accidents to which you very likely will be exposed. Considering accidents in all age groups, HONOR ROLL Bureau Award For BEST RECORD APRIL INDUS TRIAL B UREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Industrial 3 Civil Affairs 2 Health 2 Community Services 1 Engineering and Construction 1 M arine Railroad and Terminals Supply and Service Division Award For NO DISABLING INJURIES APRIL DREDGING DIVISION RAILROAD DIVISION GROUNDS MAINTENANCE DIVISION DIVISION OF SAN ITATION AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Dredging 3 Grounds Maintenance 3 Hospitalization and Clinics 3 Motor Transportation 3 Sanitation 3 Clu bhouses 2 Electrical 2 Maintenance 2 Storehouses 2 Railroad 1 Commissary Locks Navigation Terminals WORKING DAZE "You wouldn't be interested in my business -I sell safety shoes!" NATIONAL SAFETY COUNC* traffic accidents now head the list as the biggest killer and maimer, with home accidents following in second place, and recreational accidents taking third place. It appears from this that you might be safer on vacation than at home. However, it is evident that you and your family will be on the move trying to crowd all you can into a short period, most of the time usually spent in a car. Therefore, your exposure to traffic accidents will be greater. By staying in hotels, it is probable that you will not be exposed to the risks usually encountered at home. Many, including those remaining on the Isthmus, may go camping, live in trailers or on boats, where the exposure to accidents is far greater than at home. If you do stay at home, you may run just as great a risk as those who go away, because you may do odd jobs for which you lack either the skill or equipment. All of you, who go in for strenuous sports, often expose yourselves to injury because of the lack of training and preliminary toughening. Add to these exposures an unaccustomed diet and insufficient rest caused by your desire to see and do as much as possible in a short time, and you increase many fold your chances of a serious accident. Therefore, substitute some such slogans given below, in place of a "Home Sweet Home" picture. "A gentleman is a person who will give you the right of way even when you are wrong." "Nothing worth while is lost by taking the time to do it right." Be that gentleman and be the one to take things easy. Get more enjoyment from that which you can comfortably see, do, and remember. Try to keep the regular hours and steady habits which you observed at home. Eat foods to which you are accustomed. Some localities are famous for certain foods and drinks. Try them, if you wish, in moderation. It is not necessary to show that you are a robust fellow by drinking everything in sight. Be your age by avoiding those sports which are beyond the strength of your muscles and heart. After having renewed your vigor and developed a more pleasant mental outlook, you should come back able to have a better clutch on your job, not clutching crutches. APRIL 1953 Industrial Bureau Health Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau Supply and Service Bureau Community Services Bureau C. Z. Govt.— Panama Canal Co. (This month | C. Z. Govt.— Panama Canal Co. (Best Year) Railroad and Terminals Bureau Marine Bureau Engineering and Construction Bureau Number of Disabling Injuries 33 Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked (Frequency Rate) Man-Hours Worked 2,779,622 LEGEND I I Amount Better Than Canal Zone Government — Panama Canal Company Beat Year I I Amount Worse Than Canal Zone Government^Panama Canal Company Best Year V '' i Accumulative Frequency Rate This Year

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1953 r Corozal Housing Area Taking Form HOUSES, both masonry and composite types, are beginning to dot the rolling terrain at Corozal where 168 apartments will be built on land turned over to the Panama Canal Company by the Army. The contract calls for the completion of 75 of the 12-S buildings by November 20. Twenty-six more are scheduled for completion by February IS, 1954, and the remainder of the buildings by next April 19. Corozal, where quarters will be provided for 16S families, is rapidly taking sufficient shape so that passersby can get an idea of what the new development will look like. Some of the streets are in and a number of houses are well up. All of the Corozal quarters are scheduled for completion by mid-May 1954. The photograph above was taken from a location near the Corozal theater, looking toward the Canal. The houses in the foreground will be masonry construction; those in the background are composite construction, adapted to the site. The perimeter of the residential area, which was transferred to the Canal early last year by the Army, will be a broad street, one side of which will parallel Gaillard Highway. The houses are being built along horseshoe-shaped and deadend streets to eliminate dangerous intersections. Forty of the 128 quarters buildings at Corozal will be duplexes and the remainder will be single-family units. Most of the quarters will be twoor three-bedroom units, with a few four-bedroom houses. Both masonry and composite type quarters are being built at Corozal. All of the composite houses will be one-family units, adapted to the terrain and known as "hillside" type quarters. Their floor plans are practically identical with early composite types, such as those in San Juan place. The basement area does not extend the full depth of the houses because of the sloping terrain. Two new types of masonry duplexes are being built at Corozal. Both are two-storied. Nineteen of these will be three-bedroom and seven will have four bedrooms for each apartment. The contract for the Corozal construction is held by Macco-Panpacific which also is building the Margarita housing. The major part of the site preparation and grading at Corozal was done by Maintenance Division forces although Macco-Panpacific is completing the grading and installing streets, sidewalks, and municipal facilities. Another housing project now under way on the Pacific side is the construction of 22 quarters on Empire Street in Balboa. All but one of the Empire Street houses are masonry. Two will be the new duplex quarters with four bedrooms to each unit. The Empire Street quarters will also include two three-bedroom patio type houses, modifications of the two official houses near the Administration Building. The Empire Street houses are scheduled for completion by the middle of October this year. Varied Cases Handled By Magistrates (Continued from page 4) Colon fire of April 1940, wanted Canal quarters but were not eligible unless legally married. The judge lined them up before the bench and did it all at once. Courts Are Unique Lawyers say there is no exact parallel in the United States for the local Magistrates' Courts. They perform the functions of police or municipal courts, traffic or domestic relations courts, juvenile or small claims courts. In addition the Magistrates have the added duties of conducting preliminary hearings in felony and high misdemeanor cases. In March and April of this year the Cristobal court had no preliminary hearings, the first time in 22 years such a situation has occurred. About nine-tenths of Canal Zone civil and criminal cases are disposed of in the Magistrates' Courts. Traffic violations are considered criminal matters, as distinguished from civil actions (which concern matters in which the sum claimed does not exceed $500). For the past 11 fiscal years, Balboa has averaged 5,319 criminal and 23.7 civil cases a year. From its inception in 1914 in its present form, through May 20 of this year, the Balboa court has handled 116,021 criminal cases. Balboa's highest year was 1947 when 6,087 cases were brought into court. During the same 11-year period, the Cristobal court has averaged 2,673 criminal and 9.5 civil cases a year. Since 1914 it has handled 70,193 criminal cases through May 20 this year. Cristobal's peak criminal year was 1942 when 4,662 cases were brought into court. Since March 1, 1948, when the Traffic Violations Bureaus were established, much of the traffic load has been removed from the Magistrates' shoulders. In these Bureaus, traffic violators may waive court hearings and pay a fixed fine. Generally, repeat violators and people involved in traffic accidents are not eligible. At the present time Balboa "TVB's" run about 35 percent of the criminal case load; Cristobal's figure is 25 percent. Courts And Courts The student of Canal Zone judicial history can find himself tangled in a mess of conflicting terms. The construction day equivalents of Magistrates' Courts were called District Courts. The present District Court corresponds to the construction period circuit courts. The Canal Zone was first divided into five municipalities: Ancon. Empire, Gorgona, Buenavista, and Cristobal, with a court in each. The penal code and the code of criminal procedure were adaptations of codes then in force in Puerto Rico. On April 15, 1907, President Roosevelt, by Executive Order, abolished the municipal districts and established in their stead four administrative districts: Cristobal, Gorgona, Empire, and La Boca. Five district judges, including a senior judge, were appointed. The present system of courts was established in April 1914, when the Canal organization was formed. Judge S. K. Blackburn, who had been a district judge since 1907, was the first Balboa Magistrate. Judge John \V. Thompson was his opposite number in Cristobal. He also had been a district judge. • The Cristobal Magistrate's Court is on the second floor of the Cristobal Administration Building where it has been since June 1930. Earlier it was in a two-story wooden building, long since demolished which stood behind the present American Legion building. The Balboa Magistrate's Court has been in its present location next to the Balboa police station since 1938. It moved there from the old Balboa police station, later the License Bureau, which stood, until recently, opposite the Balboa elementarv school.

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June 5, 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BAI.BOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by tht Printino Plant Mount Hope. Canal Zone JOHN S. Seybold, Governor-President H. 0. PaXSON, Lieutenant Governor E. C. Lombard, Executive Secretary J. Rufus Hardy, Editor Eleanor H. McIlhenny Oleva Hastings Editorial Assistants LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters containing inquiries, suggestions, criticisms, or opinions of a general nature will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest will be published but signatures will not l>e used unless desired. SUBSCRIPTIONS— $1.00 a year SINGLE COPIES— 5 cents each On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date. SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL— lOcentseach BACK COPIES— 10 cents each On sale when available, from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights. Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. NEW DIRECTOR I F. R. JOHNSON, abate, was named last month tn succeed L. B. Moore as Director of the Supply and Service Bureau. He is the first native-born Canal Zonian to head a Canal Bureau. Born in Ancon he was graduated from Balboa High School in 1927. He holds a degree in architecture from the University of Michigan and did post graduate work there. His first employment with the Canal organization was during summer vacations. After his college work he was employed for nine years in the United States and then returned to the Canal Zone, where he has been continuously employed by the Canal since 1938. THE REBELS, above, of the Canal Zone Penitentiary, are now members of the Santa Cruz Softball League. Two teams of prisoners were organized about 18 months ago and played only against each other until last January when their first games were scheduled with teams outside the prison. In the first half of the current season the Rebels tied for second place in the league, winning four and losing three games. In the second half of the season the prison team has a record of two games won and three lost, with three games left to play. Games are played on Saturday and Sunday afternoons at the prison. Other teams in the Santa Cruz Softball League are: Lucky Luciano, Soccer, Butcher, and Beven Holiday, all of Gamboa. The consolidation of Gatun with Margarita and the Cristobal areas as a single Atlantic Terminal district for the purpose of assignment to quarters was made effective the middle of May. This means that an employee working anywhere on the Atlantic side may now live anywhere on the Atlantic side. An employee need no longer work at Gatun to be eligible for quarters there. The first step toward the Atlantic Terminal district consolidation was taken in May 1952 when the Cristobal Housing Office was made responsible for all Housing Division activities in Gatun and only one clerk was left in the Gatun Office. The clerk has now been moved from Building 200 to Building 35, the furniture warehouse near the Gatun police station. In April, Balboa Heights had 19 days when temperatures went over 90 degrees, with 96 degrees recorded at Madden Dam for the month's maximum. To make things even more uncomfortable, there were 11 straight days at Balboa Heights when the temperature did not drop below 76 degrees, day or night. The hot weather carried over into the first part of May and humidity figures also began to rise. But after May 11, the maximum temperature did not go above 90 degrees for a considerable period, and there were several days when the maximum was in the low 80's. Col. William Nichol has been named Chief of the Surgical Service at Gorgas Hospital to succeed Col. Earl C. Lowry who has headed the service since July 1950. Colonel Nichol comes from the Army-Navy Hospital at Hot Springs, Ark. Colonel Lowry is leaving next week for his new post at Letterman Army Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Another new appointment to the Gorgas staff is that of Col. A. A. Albright who succeeds Lt. Col. Horace Shreck as Chief of the Eye Section. Colonel Albright is due this month. He is coming Irom the Percy Jones Army Hospital at Battle Creek, Mich., to which Colonel Shreck has been assigned. Arriving next month from Brooke Army Medical Center in San Antonio, Tex., will be Lt. Col. George F. Lull. He will be the hospital's radiologist. Bids were opened this week in New York for 2,604,000 gallons of high-test gasoline to be sold at Canal gasoline stations. The premium gasoline will go on sale about August 1. The quantity for which the bids were advertised will cover an estimated 6 months supply. Meantime, minor alterations will be made at the tank farms and service stations for the handling of the gasoline. It will be sold at all retail stations except Gatun and Pedro Miguel, where additional storage tanks would be required. There are duplicate storage facilities at all other stations. The annual turnover of residents and interns in the training program at Gorgas Hospital will start this month when the first of the outgoing interns is scheduled to leave the organization. Four of those completing their internships this Spring will be employed as Canal physicians: Drs. Robert Balfour, James L. Henry, Ernest O. Svenson, and John L. Winkler. Six of the residents will remain for additional training. The others are scheduled to leave the Canal Zone starting early this month. At the present, nine new interns are expected to start training at the hospital this year. They will begin arriving during the latter part of June. It is now expected that seven new residents from the United States will start training at Gorgas this year. The first of the new residents is due to arrive late this month. Earl Johnson Appointed Chairman of PCC Board The wet season's first heavy rains brought relief, in the form of dropping temperatures, to Canal Zonians who had sweltered in change of seasons weather. The appointment of Earl D. Johnson, Under Secretary of the Army, as Chairman of the Panama Canal Company Board of Directors, was announced last month. The appointment was made by Robert T. Stevens, Secretary of the Army, in his capacity as Stockholder of the Company. Mr. Johnson became a member of the Board of Directors early this year. As Chairman, he succeeds Karl R. Bendetsen, former Under Secretary of the Army and now an official of the Champion Paper and Fibre Company of Houston. Mr. Bendetsen continues as a member of the Board.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW JUNE 5, 1953 Zone Youngsters Learn Skill And Safety Handling Guns At Junior Rifle Club Michael Dubbs wanted an air rifle and he wanted it very loudly— many many times a day and for weeks on end. His parents' suggestions that air rifles and nine-year-old's do not go well together only marked them "fuddy-duddies" in their young son's eyes. Michael knew someone with an air rifle. He even bet his Dad had one when he was a little boy. He explained he could fire into Sosa Hill and never hurt a thing. Furthermore, Christmas was coming . and so on and on and on. Michael's father, C. A. Dubbs, mentioned to Police Chief George Herman the air rifle problem that was blighting his son's life and fostering family cold war. Major Herman advised against the air rifle but suggested that George M. Sylvester, Manager of the Cocoli Junior Gun Club, might provide an alternative acceptable to both Michael and his father. Rolls-Royce— 1929 Model Arrangements were made for Mr. Sylvester to pick Michael up the next Saturday morning in front of the Balboa Clubhouse. The youngster's interest in guns was lost temporarily in admiration of the manager's 1929 Rolls-Royce in which they rode to the Club firing range behind the Cocoli Police Station. About 15 of the Club's 22 members already had gathered there. The membership would have to be reduced, Mr. Sylvester explains, if all the boys showed up at the same time to use the seven firing positions. There were more nine-year-old's like Michael in the crowd than any other age group. Permission to admit boys of that age, with their parents' approval, was obtained two years ago from the Junior Division of the National Rifle Association. The ages in the Cocoli Club range upward to about 16, when boys often develop interests like motorcycles and girls and lose some enthusiasm for shooting, the Club Manager explains. The maximum age is 18 for members of junior gun clubs affiliated with the National Rifle Association. While the boys who had been on the range before started target practice, under Mr. Sylvester's ever-watchful eye, Michael was introduced to the one Club gun that he would share with three other boys who did not have guns of their own. It is a sturdy, safe, and dependable .22 caliber Remington 521T (target rifle), specially built for youngsters, purchased at reduced price through the Balboa Gun Club. Michael, like most of the youngsters Mr. Sylvester encounters, had already picked up from "Batman" and "Superman" books considerable information about sights and targets and such things. "Youngsters are great readers," the Club Manager observes, "and they learn a lot of things from unsuspected sources." Safety Rules He showed Michael the parts of the rifle and explained for the first time some of the rules he would repeat over and over again in many different ways. "Never point a gun anywhere except at the target. Every time you pick up a gun assume that it is loaded until you THE SECOND WINCHESTER to bear that name, Model 1873, is explained by George M. Sylvester, Manager of the Cocoli Junior Gun Club, to three Club members and ardent admirers of the Manager's large gun collection. Buster McGowin, left, looks over a Model 1S94 Winchester of today. Michael Dubbs, right, and Ralph Parker, left, look, listen, and ask questions. find out for yourself that it is not. Keep the bolt open all the time you are not shooting. If you know nothing about a gun, leave it strictly alone." Michael was also given a Junior Rifle Handbook and was told to study particularly the safety rules that comprise the code of the Junior Rifleman. Mr. Sylvester doesn't believe in pinning boys down to much memorizing but he does ask for summaries of the Code to be sure they understand its important safety lessons. Later explanations by Mr. Sylvester with a .22 target pistol teach the boys rudimentary "do's" and "don'ts" about the pistols they may run across in some dresser drawer. With a minimum of preliminary "lessons," Michael got down on the mat and aimed the target rifle. In the first four or five shots he got right on the target typical of most of the "novices" Mr. Sylvester has dealt with in the 10 years he has been teaching boys to shoot. The instructor believes most boys have a natural instinct for shooting, inherited, he likes to think, from pioneer forefathers who relied on their guns in settling the United States. He has encountered only two who couldn't handle guns. Those, he says, were not interested, for some inexplicable reason. Michael, like most boys, took to shooting like a young Daniel Boone, even forgetting his former first interest in the Saturday morning movie. He practiced on the range from 9 to 12 on three Saturdays of the month. On the fourth, Mr. Sylvester, a towboat engineer who works on a swing shift, is on duty in the Canal and adjacent waters. He Got His Gun The Club Manager reported to Michael's father that his son had a definite aptitude for shooting so his father bought him a gun. It was not the dangerous air rifle which Michael had long since forgotten, but a single shot .22 caliber Stevens target rifle. Mr. Sylvester's only recommendation in the matter of guns is that the weapons purchased for boys be light rifles of a type that could be used in the woods, for instance, if the boy were hunting with his father in the United States. If one of the lads turns up with a "lemon," a "clunker" in Mr. Sylvester's language, the instructor never lets him know that his gun is no good. He just takes the weapon home with him and works it over for the boy, bringing it up to the class it should be for target work. The instructor probably also lets the boy find out by using the Club rifle how much better his gun would be if it had a sling, which Mr. Sylvester probably also installs on the weapon. The first time a boy shoots a good set of targets, the targets go home with him so that his family can share his excitement of accomplishment. Not the least of the instructor's jobs is the paper work entailed in scoring the targets and recording AN ADDED ATTRACTION of the Club, as far as some members are concerned, is the 1929 Rolls-Royce of the Hub Manager, in which some of them sometimes ride to and from the firing range at Cocoli Left to right are: Sam Cramer, Mr. Sylvester, Michael Dubbs, Buster McGowin, and Ralph Parker.

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JUNE 5, 1953 THE'PANAMA CANAL REVIEW MEMBERS of the Cocoli Junior Gun Club are shown here with their manager, George M. Sylvester, right, at one of the regular Saturday morning practice sessions at the firing range in Cocoli. the scores with the National Rifle Association. Boys never go home empty handed from the Club prize shoots, which are held about three times a year. Mr. Sylvester believes in a minimum of medals for prizes and a maximum of things boys like, such as cartridge blocks, cleaning rods and kits, jack knives and model cars. Prizes from Distant Friends Some of the most handsome prizes given at the shoots have been donations from Mr. Sylvester's friends in Massachusetts, who know of the Club only through his letters and biennial visits home. Medals, diplomas, brassards, and such symbols of achievement come to the boys as they progress through the N. R. A. junior rifleman ranks, from pro-marksman to marksman, marksman first class, sharpshooter, expert and, finally, distinguished rifleman. James A. Hale, 15, Vice President of the Club, is the only member who is now classified as "expert rifleman," although about six others are fast approaching that mark. SLx of the younger boys are sharpshooters and the others, who are comparatively new, are approaching the rank of "marksman." Gerald Hendrickson, now a student assistant at the Panama Canal Library, qualified two years ago when he was 17 as "Distinguished Rifleman," the only such achievement in the history of the Club. The youngest "expert" qualified by the Club was Robert Kielhofer of Pedro Miguel who achieved that rank two years ago when he was 10. Some Saturdays, Mr. Sylvester brings to the Club for the boys to see and shoot, with safety reduced loads, a muzzle loading "Kentucky rifle," made in Pennsylvania, or an old Winchester, Model L873, one of the first repeating rifles. These and other guns he shows the boys from his own collection are the types of weapons that settled the United States, he explains to the youngsters. Collection of 200 Guns Then there are cake or cookie occasions, courtesy of Mrs. Sylvester, when the Club has a conclave right in the midst of the instructor's gun collection. He has about 200 guns in his "four-family" apartment in Balboa; others are stored with relatives and friends in New England. The Gun Club gatherings at the Sylvester home were more common when they lived close to the Club in Cocoli. Then the doorstep was worn thin by young gun-enthusiast callers. The change of location doesn't reduce the steady stream of older callers who come to admire the collection, swap a gun for another gun or for Mr. Sylvester's services as gunsmith, ask the history or value of a particular piece or make use of his extensive library of source material on the subject. Mr. Sylvester explains his collection largely in terms of the history the different weapons encompass. He usually starts with a .69 caliber flintlock musket of 1775, one of those purchased, possibly by Benjamin Franklin, in France or Austria for use against the Redcoats in the Revolutionary War. The words "Town of Boston" are burned into the stock and it has faint regimental markings. That old gun, like many others in his collection, came from a pawn shop in Boston. When he bought it, the mam spring was broken; the old screws with their odd threads were rusted in, broken or missing; many internal parts of the lock were gone or badly broken; the ramrod for it was gone; the wood of the stock was rotten and splitting away; and the LIMEADE, a good healthful cooling-off drink for young marksmen is provided every Saturday morning by the mother of one of the Club members. Shown here in the limeade line are, left to right: David Fairchild, Lewis Bateman, Robert Paul Beals, and George Coppenhaver. trigger guard was completely broto a. He restored it to it i using old tools and emulating, in many cases, crude methods used by old gunsmiths to retain the authenticity Springs were Difficult The springs were the hardest to duplicate. Wmking like the old gunsmiths long before the days of tempered steel classified by degrees of hardness, he judged the temper by the color oi the metal as it was drawn from the forge. Mr. Sylvester made about six springs that were either too soft or too hard before he achieved the right temper for the springs for the old musket. After each unsuccessful try, he would put the project away for months before working up the courage to start on the springs again. His guns are all like the old musket. He doesn't have them if they do not shoot and they are all in excellent condition. Of course, he reloads his own shells to fit the outlandish calibers, using old tools of his father's that started the gun collection. The first guns the collector acquired were bought to replace weapons his father once owned on which he used the tools. Single shells for some of the old guns in the collection would cost as much as $2 if Mr. Sylvester would or could buy them outright. The next historical step through the gun collection may be two .58 caliber caplock rifles of the Civil War era, one made for the government by contractors in New England and the other, dated 1852, that came from the Harper's Ferry Arsenal. Mr. Sylvester might stop next at a .52 caliber Smith carbine, one of the type strewn all over the field at the Battle of Gettysburg, he explains. The historical tour through the collection might stop next at a .50 caliber Sharps Buffalo Rifle; the old Winchester '73, once used at the Canal Zone Penitentiary; a Colt revolver of 1860 of the type used by Pony Express riders; or another old Colt "peacemaker," so called for the role it played in the hands of "the law" in the old' Wild West. Guns for Ladies Then Mr. Sylvester might show the visitor an 1860 four-barrel double-action Remington "vest pocket"^ or "lady's" gun from an era in which ladies and gamblers needed, carried and used such weapons; an 1867 .50 caliber Navy pistol, "a cannon that left an awful hole," the collector explains; and so on through weapons from all major conflicts and up to the present day. Then there are the oddities like the two-inch watch chain pistol that shoots with a loud report and fires a two-millimeter bullet "that can put an eye out;" a light rifle with bayonet, used for drill by young boys in the "Bolilla," a Mussolini version of the Boy Scout movement; and a sizable collection of "just guns" Mi'. Sylvester keeps for swapping purposes. The present Cocoli Junior Club had its origin in a now defunct Cocoli Boys Club organized in 1946 by former Canal Zone Police Sergeant George V. Ritchey, then in charge of the Cocoli Police Station. The original club was occasioned in part by minor mischief making by a fewyoungsters in the community who only needed, in the opinion of the sergeant, a good outlet for their energies and interests.

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10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1953 Weil-Known Headwaiter For Clubhouses Retires After Long Service With Canal CYRIL C. LIXDO When Cyril C. Lindo came to the Canal Zone from Jamaica in 1909, he was not entirely unfamiliar with things here. Two older Lindos, Abraham and David, had preceded him and sent word back home that jobs were plentiful and that their 21 -year-old brother should have no trouble getting work. So Cyril Lindo, who later became one of the best-known of the Clubhouse Division's head-waiters, quit his job as a messenger in the office of the Jamaican newspaper, the "Gleaner," and came to the Canal Zone. During his first few years here he thought frequently of his Jamaican home and, after he was married and began to raise a family, wished he could send his children back there to school. But later he began to realize that the Isthmus was a pretty good place to bring up his daughter and three sons and to this day has never been back to Jamaica. Nor, he says now, has he any desire to return there. His first job was at Empire where he was, as he also was later at Portobelo, a helper for a drill gang. They were the men who drilled the holes into which blasting pow^der was put. It was trying work, very often kneeto hip-deep in mud. In 1913 he moved to inside work, becoming a helper in the machine shops at Gorgona. Similar work followed in the Empire and Balboa shops. In 1915 he became a carpenter's helper, working in the old Building Division in Balboa. One of his jobs there was to help build the forms with which concrete was poured for the long curving flight of steps which leads from Gorgas Road to the main entrance of Gorgas Hospital. Waiter Since 1918 But all the time, he recalls, he wanted some sort of "cleaner, inside work." In 19 IS he became a waiter for the old Bureau of Clubs and Playgrounds, at the old Ancon Clubhouse which stood approximately where the bachelor quarters are now near the Ancon commissary, He was working there when the building burned to the ground about 1925 and remembers that in the conflagration he lost a commissary book which he had stored in his locker. After the fire the Clubhouse transferred its activities first to the Ancon playshed and then to the building, now demolished, which subsequently became the Ancon theater. The present Ancon Clubhouse was at that time a restaurant, operated by a concessionaire. All of his service since 1918 has been at Ancon. In 1940 he was made headwaiter and for the last 13 years has been seeing to it that people were seated, given menus and ice water, and that they were served. Now he has retired. Last Sunday night he seated his last customer and called his last waitress to attention. Retiring with him that day were two other oldtimers from the Ancon Clubhouse, Arthur R. Sealy, a janitor with some 35 years of service, and Alexander King, a waiter, who has been on the Isthmus since 1913 and who has some 19 years of Canal service. Mr. Lindo has no plans for the future. At close to 65, he feels that he has earned the right to take things easy. He and his wife will live in Panama, where they have two sons and two grandchildren. Two other second generation Lindos live in New York where one of them works for a dress manufacturer and the other is on the clerical staff of the United Nations. Applications Close June 10 For 8 New Margarita Houses Applications are now being received at the Cristobal Housing office for eight new houses in Margarita. The applications will be closed on June 10. One of the houses is a three-bedroom breezew-ay, three are type 333 which have threebedrooms, and one bath, and the remainder are type 332, which have two bedrooms. All are single houses. Late last month 12 of the 14S apartments which are being built at Margarita had been occupied. The Margarita housing project will be finished the latter part of August. The new houses which are occupied are all in the First Street Area. All are masonry. The Margarita housing project is the single largest construction job, monetarily, in the current housing program. The total amount of the contract is around $3,250,000. The Margarita contract included grading and site preparation for the Margarita School, which is now under construction, as well as an area adjacent to Gulick Road and the Bolivar Highway intersection. Bids for the Margarita project were opened in February 1952 and the contract awarded a short time later to Macco-Panpacific, which also holds the Corozal housing construction contract. "GARD" will be arriving in the Commissaries this month just in time to save fabrics and leathers from this year's rainy season rains. "Gard" is a combination of synthetic resins that weatherproofs practically any fabric, leather, straw, or paper. Sprayed on clothes, purses, luggage, shoes, convertible tops, outdoor furniture, or automobile upholstery, for instance, it waterproofs them but does not seal the pores of the material. It will cost about 85 f for a 5-ounce, and $1 .25 for an 1 1 -ounce can. Alligator pears from Haiti — the kind Canal old-timers drool about when they Haitian recall former stops at Port-auPears Prince on Panama Line sailings — have been ordered and are expected in the stores in June. A LOT of new luggage is in the stores now and more will be arriving soon just in time for summer vacationers. There will be several styles of Samsonite, Clothes-Pac's, "Wings" Flight-Pak's, and Towne and Shortrip luggage in canvas, nylon, drill, duck, leather, and vinyl, in plain colors and plaids. New large size cartons of Birds Eye frozen .. orange juice concentrate will be Vitamins = ',_ i. r ; iA qo by the Gallon a boon to big families. A 32ounce size that makes a gallon of juice will cost less than $1. A NEW ironing board cover called "Silicone" is scorch resistant, waterproof, heat reflecting, color fast, porous, stain proof, adjustable to all standard size ironing boards, and never needs to be laundered. It will be arriving in the commissaries soon and will cost about $1.40. Keiller's Jams (Keiller is the export agent for the English Crosse & Blackwell Jam by Company) are coming to the CornJars missaries soon. There will be 1 -pound jars of strawberry, raspberry, and plum that will cost about 40^. SCHOOL VACATIONS will be more pleasant, at home or traveling, if the small fry find plenty of interests to keep them happily occupied. Commissary wholesale people had that in mind when they stocked up on a lot of toys that are available in the retail stores now. There are pedal bikes for $3.75/ regular boys' and girls' bicycles for $48.95 to $62.50,scooters, from $4.45 to $7.75; velocipedes, $8.40 to $15.40; roller skates; many attractive and entertaining children's activity books; cowboy holster sets; rubber dolls and toys; many wooden action toys,harmonicas all kinds of things to brighten the vacation period for children and their parents. Travelers or stay-at-homes with children and l_i I / children's laundry problems will .j 6 !? also be interested in the large Mothers i c i i u lot ot cotton seersucker clothes for youngsters that are coming to the Commissaries soon. They are the type that need no ironing. A FRENCH ONION SOUP addict "from Onionsoupville," he says who has been known to eat the stuff for breakfast, says the Crosse & Blackwell French onion soup in cans that is coming to the Commissaries this month is as good as any he has encountered. Other new Crosse & Blackwell canned soups that will go on sale at the same time include cream of onion, cream of shrimp, consomme madrilene, crab a la Maryland, and black bean and sherry. The 12and 1 3-ounce cans will cost about 21 c to 34 c In Case You Didn't Know Department: The !_ Housewares Sections have woodI "en and steel legs lo convert springs ouse lo Hollywood beds. There is also w re a new supply of glass globes for hurricane lamps coming to the stores. F. F. V. (Favorite Foods of Virginia) appetizers are new in the Commissaries. They are wafers about an inch square or smaller, foilwrapped to retain the freshness. There are three types, each with its own distinctive flavor. A box will cost about 38 (!.

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June 5, 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Canal Zone Seal Used On Thousands Of Documents In Past 47 Years GRAYCE LYDIA XADEAU, of the Executive Secretary's office, spells off her boss now and then when it comes to impressing the seal of the Canal Zone on some of the 5,000 documents which are so marked each year. The official seal of the Canal Zone in the office of the Executive Secretary is the "granddaddy" of all the seals used in the near half-century history of the Panama Canal organization. It was authorized by the first Isthmian Canal Commission in March 1905 and was delivered to the Canal Zone in February 1906. The seal is used primarily to authenticate official and legal documents— particularly those that are to be used in jurisdictions other than the Canal Zone. The impression of the seal is used in conjunction with the signature of the Executive Secretary attesting the authenticity and validity of official acts. The Canal Zone seal and the muscle power used in making impressions of it and the good right arm of E. C. Lombard, Executive Secretary and custodian of the seal, get plenty of use in the exercise of this official function. The seal and signature are affixed to some 5,000 documents annually. Panama Canal Company Seal The corporate seal of the Panama Canal Company is a brash newcomer by comparison, bearing the date 1950 when the law establishing the new corporation was passed by the United States Congress. The seal of the corporation that was originally the Panama Railroad Company changed in design with the changes that were made in its corporate structure, from a New York State to a Federal corporation in 1948, then to the new Panama Canal Company in July 1951. The present Company seal was adopted by the Board of Directors in 1950 and was designed by John C. Buechele, who retired in 1951 as Architect in the Engineering Division. The Secretary of the Company in Washington is custodian of the corporate seal. In addition to the Company and Canal Zone seals, there are about 200 Notary Public seals in use in the Canal Zone as well as a few other official seals used in the Canal organization. One is used by the Board of Local Inspectors, principally on licenses to motorboat operators; seals of the Port Captains at Balboa and Cristobal are used primarily on certificates of clearance for vessels leaving Canal waters; the Board of Admeasurement uses a seal primarily for tonnage certificates for vessels transiting the Canal. These seals were changed slightly in wording in 1951 to conform to the new Canal organization. Seal Has Not Changed The official seal of the Canal Zone, unlike all the others, has weathered many organizational changes and remains the same today as in the original design although the original die ami counter were replaced in 1938. Maj. Gen. < leorge W. Davis, first Governor of the Canal Zone, noted in March 1905 that It would be a fixture on the Isthmus "for all time." The Executive Secretary has always been the Custodian of the seal. In L906 the seal was located in his office mi the Isthmus. When the Isthmian Canal Commission was replaced by The Panama Canal organization i" 1914 an Executive Order again placed the Executive Secretary in charge of the seal of the Government of the Canal Zone and an Executive Regulation of December 5, 1951, reiterated that provision in the present Canal organization. The features of what may have been the seal's forebears are not shown in present Canal files which indicate that some of its characteristics, at least, may have been inherited from French Canal builders. Exact Origin Clouded Sketchy records, conflicting personalities, and lines of authority in Washington and on the Isthmus during the early American Canal efforts leave some doubt as to the exact origin of the design and motto of the seal which are generally attributed to Gaillard Hunt, former Chief of the Passport Bureau of the State Department. Governor Davis submitted to the Isthmian Canal Commission in Washington in December 1904 designs he had originated for a Canal Zone seal. His designs had been executed by C. Bertoncini, then an employee of the Commission on the Isthmus who had formerly worked for the French Canal Company. The disposition of those designs was the subject of considerable inquiry later in 1905 when the Governor requested that they be returned to him, and again in 1932 when correspondence in the Washington office of The Panama Canal was combed and copied in an attempt to establish the origin of the seal. A notation from a meeting of the Isthmian Canal Commission in March 1905, stated that the Chairman had accepted an offer made by Mr. Hunt to prepare a design for the seal. He had also designed the seals of Puerto Rico and the Philippine Islands. In reply to an inquiry concerning the history of heraldic devices on the Isthmus, which apparently originated with Mr. Hunt after he had accepted the commission to design a Canal Zone seal, Governor Davis wrote in March 1905 a lengthy letter concerning (See page i i "GRANDDADDY" of all the seals used in the history of the Panama Canal organization is this Official Seal of the Canal Zone. It was authorized by the first Isthmian Canal Commission in 1905. A BRASH NEWCOMER to the seal family is this one, the corporate seal of the Panama Canal Company. Adopted by the Hoard of Directors in 1950, it was designed by John C. Buechele.

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12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1953 Ten Years Ago In May Commended The Balboa Quarantine Station was moved to Corozal, following the transfer from the Canal to the Navy of the former Quarantine Station area at Fort Amador. During the early days of the war, the Balboa station was used for a camp for internees. representative of the recently-formed civic council. The name "Curundu" was chosen in an overwhelming vote of residents in a mass meeting and then Lt. Gen. George H. Brett, chief of the Caribbean Command, made it official. Dry excavation for the Third Locks at Gatun was completed. The contract for the diii excavation was the first major contract awarded for the Third Locks project. The work had started in February, 1941, and had been conducted on a 2^-houra-day, seven-day-a-weck basis until it was completed. "Skunk Hollow" or "Jungle Glen" became officially "Curundu." Names for the officially unnamed Army civilian housing area were selected by a committee composed of Col. Ross E. Windom, District Engineer in charge of the area; Brodie Burnham, Editor of The Panama American; and H. W. Northrup, a The Governor requested telephone subscribers to help relieve the heavy load on the telephone system which had become increasingly congested. He also announced that the rainy season would bring no relaxation of regulations for the conservation of water, since increased consumption for several months had been near the filtering capacity of the system. Hoses were not to be used to clean screen*, wash vehicles, or water lawns or shrubbery around quarters. Another announcement from Balboa Heights reminded local residents that gasoline ration books must be returned to the License Section when vehicles were said or transferred. HONOR GRADUATE YVONNE KUPERMAN, above, was given the Canal Znne Junior College's Honor Award this week at the ( '"liege graduation ceremonies. Her name will be inscribed on a plaque at the entrance to the college building, along with the names of the 1* young men and women who have been similarly honored. The plaque was presented in 1935 by the first class which was graduated from the Junior College "In honor of the member of each class of the Canal Zone Junior College who contributed most to the spiritual, intellectual, and extra-curricular life of the college." Miss Kuperman is the daughter "f Mr. an. I Mis. Maurice Kuperman of Cartagena, Colombia. Born in Cartagena, she came to the Isthmus some years ago and was graduated in 1951 from Balboa High School where she was member 4 the National Honor Society. She has been interested in a number of school and extra-curricular activities. In addition to serving as of the sophomore class, she was also president of the Natural Science Society and business manager of the college year book "The Conquistador." In her freshman year she was business manager of and a contributor to the "Tropical Collegian." She was also a member of ( iamma ( 'hi. Active also in sports, she played Softball, and was on the all-star volleyball and basketball teams. Mia-' Kuperman plans to continue her education in the United States, either at Cornell or Columbia, and will study to be a clinical laboratorj technician. The first courts in the Canal Zone were five municipal and three circuit courts, and a supreme court. The construction of a lock-type Panama Canal was authorized by Congress in June 1906. Ten Year Old Dream Is Nearing Reality For Margarita Recreational Association {Continued from page 2) donated to the MRA for the Scouts of Margarita. Someone else conceived an idea of raising funds to have them erected and Donald Brayton, an MRA director, coined the slogan "Give your dough and watch it grow." By mid-May the fund stood at $1,593.05. The money came from about everywhere and everyone. Men of Margarita who had neither time nor skill in construction work gave money to hire what help was needed. The Margarita Cubs held a county fair and raised $100. Cristobal Girl Scouts, feeling that Margarita may eventually be their future home, gave $300 from their building fund. The Margarita Girl Scouts gave another $300. Boy Scouts contributed $75 from their treasury, and the Boilermakers Local 463 gave $25. It all piled up to an amazing total, and according to MRA treasurer Gerard Senear money is still coming in. When the huts are up and occupied, the MRA does not plan to relax. July 4 is coming on and the MRA has taken over sponsorship of childrens' activities, up to and including the program, judges, and prizes. Summer activities have to be planned for the youngsters and it's not too early to be making plans for Hallowe'en. The present officers of the MRA— Mr. Bath, Worden E. French, vice president, Mrs. Shirley Wertz, secretary, Mr. Schear — and the directorsMrs. Sally Keane, Edward C. Blount, Herbert Engelke, S. Ross Cunningham, Donald R. Brayton, and William C. Maynard have another bee in their bonnet. It's quite likely that new officers, who will be elected in June, may have the same bee. Margarita has no swimming pool, and Margaritans and the MRA are somewhat nmre than a little sensitive on that point. They know that they cannot raise enough money to build a pool by renting the M RA-owned public address system, rental of which brings in about $10 a week and is the M RA's main source of income. But when they wanted Scout shacks they found them, and who knows? May lie a swimming pool might come along some day. JEROME HOWARD, quartermaster on tie ferryboat Presidents Amador, won a commendation last month from Governor Seybold for rescuing a young girl from drowning. The girl jumped from the ferryboat President Roosevelt just as the two ferries were passing in midstream. The quartermaster dived overboard, swam 75 feet to the drowning girl, and then towed her back to his ferryboat. In his letter Governor Seybold said: "I take great pleasure in commending you for your courageous deed which reflects great credit upon you and upon the Canal organization." C. Z. Seal Used On Thousands Of Documents (Continued from page It) the research he had done and explaining in this manner the designs he had submitted to the Commission: French Motto "The motif of my design was, first, to comply with the law— second, to give it an essential interoceanic Canal character, for the United States has but one errand at Panama — to make a canal, to join the seas for the benefit of mankind — and I, therefore, adopted a motto expressive of that idea. "Of course," the Governor continued, "It is well known that M. DeLesseps adopted a motto for his (French Canal) Company, the idea of which was that the continents were divided for the benefit of mankind." Artists of "Messrs. Tiffany and Company" in New York prepared the design that was recommended to the Commission by Mr. Hunt and was adopted by that body— after the Chairman changed the original word "earth" to "land" and made the sails of the Spanish galleon smaller. The description furnished the Commission with Mr. Hunt's recommendation was repeated in substance in the only existing official description of the seal of the Canal Zone. The description, contained in an Executive Order of 1915 designating a flag for the Governor which displays the seal of the Canal Zone, states: "A shield, showing at the bottom a Spanish galleon of the loth Century under full sail coming head on between twn high banks, all purpure (heraldic term for purple), the sky yellow with the glow of sunset; in the chief the colors of the arms of the United States. Under the shield the motto: The land divided; the world united." Since the time the seal was adopted there have been hundreds of letters from collectors of official seals, asking for an impression, and from those who wanl to reproduce the seal in bonks, on souvenirs, handkerchiefs, shuts, needlework.

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June 5, 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 Canal's Apprentice Program Disrupted With Draft Calls The Canal's apprentice training program has been disrupted by the recent reduction in force of some crafts and by the induction or forthcoming induction into the military service of a number of the apprentices. As of the week of May 18 through 22, the number of apprentices in training had been reduced from 60 during the month of March to 42. Of the 1 8 reductions in the number of apprentices, six were given reduction in force notices in the Industrial Bureau and 12 had resigned to enter the military service. A number of others will probably be drafted before they can complete their training, if the present large Selective Service quotas for the Canal Zone continue. It will be several weeks, Personnel officers said, before it will be known how many —if any— of the apprentices entering the military service will be replaced. Forty-five applicants, seven of whom were veterans, took the six-part apprentice examination at the Diablo Clubhouse on May 9. Gerald Hendrickson, a Junior College student, ranked first in each of the five written sections and the manipulative exercise which comprised the examinatior. Supply And Service Bureau Is Assigned U. S. Procurement Responsibility for supply procurement in the United States for the CompanyGovernment has been assigned to the Supply and Service Director of the Panama Canal Company. In a circular announcing the change, Governor Seybold instructed the Supply and Service Director to assume control immediately and submit recommendations on the organization of the Purchasing Office in New York so that the plan will become fully operative by the first of July 1953. The Canal's procurement organization has been a part of the Company's New York Office which will continue to provide the administrative support required by the new unit. There are about 40 employees engaged in the procurement function in Xew York. The placing of the Xew York Purchasing Office under the supervision of the Supply and Service Director is designed to provide closer coordination between those units of the Company which buy supplies and those which sell them. Stateside procurement functions have been centered in Xew York since last year when the Canal's Washington Procurement Office was abolished. Prior to that time purchases for the Commissary Division were made by the New York Office and other purchases were handled in Washington. The change in the procurement function is similar to those made in the personnel and accounting functions after the close of the Washington Office when policy supervision was placed under the responsible official in the Canal Zone. A register and the scores of those who took the examination has been compiled and is now in the hands of Division heads who expect to employ apprentices about the beginning of the fiscal year, July 1. Present indications are that about five apprentices will be employed, but this number does not include those who mav replace the apprentices who are being drafted. Deferments are not being requested for apprentices but their induction may be postponed for a period of up to 90 days to permit them to complete the current quarter of formal apprentice school courses in which they are engaged at the time they are ordered to report for induction. Transiting Ship Flies Royal Flag The Personal Standard of a reigning queen flew from the mast of a transiting ship last month; oldtimers believe it chalks up another "first" for the Canal. The queen was Queen Salote Tupou of Tonga, a 250-square mile island kingdom in the Southwest Pacific. She was a passenger aboard the S. S. "Rangitoto" en route to England to attend the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen's domain is also known as the Friendly Islands. It is divided into three main groups: Tongatabu, Haapai, and Yavan. Edward M. Barlow of the Locks Division, who met Queen Salote Tupou aboard ship, was told by a member of her party that Captain Cook had visited the islands about 1775. He left there two tortoises. One died about 50 years ago. The other still lives at the Royal Palace, having been run over three times once by an American jeep — and having survived several fires. Forty Years Ago In May A J AX, one of the Dredging Division's two 250-ton cranes, is a familiar sight to most Zonians as she now appears with her towering superstructure. But she looked like this when she arrived from Germany July 9, 1914. Ajai and her sister-crane, Hercules, were ordered 40 years ago last month. A contract for two floating cranes of 250 gross tons capacity was awarded to the Deutsche Maschinefabrik A. G. of Duisburg, Germany. Four bids, from American, English, Dutch, and German firms, had been opened in Washington, on January 13, 1913. "The proposal of the German firm was so much lower in price than any other and the experience, facilities, and reputation of this firm were so excellent, that it was unquestionably the best of those received," The Canal Record reported. The cranes, which later were named the Ajax and Hercules, were to be built in Germany and delivered to the Canal Zone in 580 days. The pontoons, fitted with a part of the machinery located below deck, were to be towed to the Isthmus. The superstructure was to be shipped in a knocked-down condition. of the Commissary and brought the I. C. C. hotel there the biggest business of any hotel in the history of Canal construction. An average of 1,325 meals were served there daily. About 320 people were served in 35 minutes, between the passing of labor trains. Fifty-one waiters were employed by the hotel steward. Fifty mules arrived from the United States, the first large importation of new stock since 1909. They cost $211 each. There were 354 mules and 84 horses then in service. About 50 died, were condemned, or sold each year. In 1910, 22 mules had died in an epidemic of trypanosoma disease, "analagous to the surra of the Philippine Islands and the 'sleeping sickness' of Africa," according to the Canal Record. The erection at Corozal of houses moved from Gorgona had been expedited by the construction of a spur track from the Panpma Railroad station toward the high land on which the houses were being erected. The growth of Corozal necessitated increased fire protection and enlargement Nine Canal Zone Women's Clubs in various Canal villages which closed six years of activity on April 19. 1013, were dubbed by the Record "unique in the history of the woman movement." They were the only clubs of women ever organized in any country by government authority, the Record explained.

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14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 5, 1953 PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS April 15 Through May 15 ANNIVERSARIES Employees who were promoted or transferred between April 15 and May 15 are listed below. Regradings and \vi thin-grade promotions are not listed. ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Jerry W. Detamore, from Records Administrator, Records Section, to Methods Examiner, Property and Survey Section. Mrs. Joyce C. Hudson, from Secretary, Office of the Governor, to Clerk-Stenographer, Administrative Branch. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Mrs. Winifred J. White, Mrs. Patricia F. Van Evera, Mrs. Ethel P. McDermitt, from Substitute Teacher to Elementary Teacher. Fred Huddleston, from Fireman to Postal Clerk. Robert L. Anston, from Life Guard, Division of Schools, to Fireman. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER Alex A. Levine, from Clerk-Stenographer, Police Division, to Accountant, Internal Audit Staff. Warren Pitman, from Budget Specialist to Business Analyst, Management Staff. Robert Lessiack, from Governmental Systems Accountant, Internal Audits Staff, to Business Analyst, Management Staff. Carl W. Hoffmeyer, from Postal Clerk to Construction Cost Analyst. Albert M. Jenkins, Systems Accountant, from Cost Accounts Branch to Accounting Systems Staff. Mrs. Eva M. Grassau, from Fiscal Accounting Clerk, Industrial Bureau, to Cash Accounting Clerk, Costs Account Branch. John W. Walker, from Cash Accounting Clerk, Costs Accounts Branch, to Accountant, Internal Audit Staff. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Leo B. Clements, from Supervisor, Water and Laboratories Branch, to General Foreman, Panama Public Works. Harry F. Cody, from General Foreman, Panama Public Works, to Supervisor, Water and Laboratories Branch. Charles B. Douglas, from Powerhouse Operator to Powerhouse OperatorDispatcher, Electrical Division. John E. Ridge, Jr., from Painter Leader to Heavy Labor Foreman, Maintenance Division. OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR Mrs. Grayce L. Nadeau, from ClerkStenographer, Administrative Branch, to Secretary, Executive Secretary's Office. Mary F. Maguire, Secretary, from Executive Secretary's Office to Office of the Governor. INDUSTRIAL BUREAU Arnulfo Manning, from Storekeeper, Shipping, Commissary Division, to Apprentice (combination welder). MARINE BUREAU Theodore R. Yost, from Guard to Guard Supervisor, Locks Security Branch. Thomas E. Morgan, from Helper, Pacific Locks Overhaul, to Propertj and Supply Clerk, Pacific Locks. James J. Morris, from Property and RETIREMENTS IN MAY Employees who retired at the end of May, their birthplaces, tiller, length oi service at retirement, and their future addresses are: Harold P. Bevington, Ohio; Electrician, Commissary Division; 39 years, 3 months, 12 days; Rock Stream, N. Y. John Joseph Dudak, Pennsylvania; Cash Account. uit Clerk, Maintenance Divi sion; 26 years, 11 months, 28 days; Canal Zone. Daniel B. Fitchett, Maryland; Machinist Leadingman, Industrial Bureau; (i months, and 14 days; Baltimore, Md. Katherine E. Jessup, North Carolina; Teacher, Balboa High School, 19 years, 8 months, and 6 days; Norfolk, Va. Supply Clerk to Storekeeper (general) Pacific Locks. Albert L. Wilder, from Pilot-in-Training to Probationary Pilot. John F. Martin, from Locks Security Guard to Clerk-Typist, Pacific Lock-. Harry W. Gardner, from Public Works Foreman, Maintenance Division, to WharfBuilding Foreman, Dredging Division. William E. Hopkins, from Probationary to Qualified Pilot. Elmer G. Abbott, from Pilot to Assistant Port Captain, Balboa. Robert C. Carter, from Construction Equipment and Pumping Plant Operator, Maintenance Division, to Lock Operator, Pacific Locks. Glenn M. Cramer, from First Mate to Master, U. S. S. Taboga. Cecil Kovel, from Gauger, Division of Storehouses, to Property and Supply Clerk, Dredging Division. PERSONNEL BUREAU L. B. Burnham, from Employee Counsellor to Training Officer. Mrs. Joanne E. Robinson, ClerkTypist, from Employment and Utilization Division to Personnel Records Division. Mrs. Nina J. Coppenhaver, from ClerkStenographer, Employment and Utilization Division, to Personnel Clerk (Stenographer) Office of the Director. RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU Osmond N. Austin, Edmond N. Eberly, from Helper, Locks Overhaul, to Gauger and Cribtender Foreman, Terminals Divisio i Eugene White, from Signalman, Navigatio i Division, to Gauger and Cribtender Foreman, Terminals Division. SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU Henry E. May, from Assistant Superintendent to Superintendent, Division of Storehouses. James B. Gilder, from Property and Supply Clerk to Commissary Assistant. Floyd R. Johnson, from Assistant Supply and Service Director to Director. William A. Hadarits, from Helper, Locks Overhaul, to Gauger, Division of Storehouses. Raoul O. Theriault, from Supervisory Procurement Officer to Supervisory Accountant, Commissary Division. Norman B. Davison, from Supervisory Business Accountant to Supervisory Accountant, Commissary Division. Mrs. Mabel M. Duncan, Telephone Operator, from Housing Division to Commissary Division. Frank F. Williams, from Supervisory Accounting Clerk to Procurement Officer, Commissary I (ivision. Beverley C. Halliday, from Procurement Officer to Supervisory Procurement Officer, Commissary Division. Mrs. Frances M. Griggel, from Cash Accounting Clerk to Supplv Assistant, Commissary I >iv ision. John J. Ryan, from Meat Cutter to Meat Cutter in Charge. Commissary DivJUNE SAILINGS Panama Cristobal 1 Hi nil Panama Cristobal I neon Panama Cristobal 1 mini ( Northbound, tinship-, 7 ,i. in. io noon Sundays Haiti stop is S.il 1 1 1 < I i \ -., I p. m.) c ristobal June 5 June 12 ] line 1" June 26 New York June 2 June 16 June M) 11 il>. liti from ,und the Employees who observed important anniversaries during the month of May are listed alphabetically below. The number of years includes all Government service with the Canal or other agencies. Those with continuous service with the Canal are indicated with (*). 41 YEARS Maj. George Herman, Chief, Police I >ivision. Berney J. Robinson, Steam Engineer, Terminals Division. 35 YEARS Ira L. Wright, Assistant to Comptroller. Jessie K. Maurer, Supervisor Nurse, Colon Hospital. 30 YEARS Earl Cassell, Electrical Supervisor, Gat tin Locks. Earl A. Dyer, Foreman, Printing Plant. 25 YEARS David Norton, Car Inspector, Railroad Division. Robert L. Blaney, Traffic Manager, Terminals Division. Jeanne C. Magnuson, Accounting Clerk, Accounting Division. Roger T. Williams, Foreman Cribtender and Steam Engineer, Terminals I Hvision. John A. Everson, District Wiremau, Electrical Division. Walter R. Lindsay, Chief, Grounds Maintenance Division. 20 YEARS Richard C. McKeown, Leader, Sheet Metal Worker, Maintenance Div ision. Eleanor A. Connor, Accounting Clerk, Office of Comptroller. George H. Sanford, Supervisor, Reproduction Plant. Howard E. Turner, Assistant Chief, Payroll Branch. *Douglas S. Johnston, Administrative Assistant, Community Services Bureau. Robert H. Adams, Supply Requirements Assistant, Division of Storehouses. Robert L. Snyder, Postal Clerk. 15 YEARS *Walter H. Hobby, Supervisor, Body Repair Shop, Motor 'Transportation Division. Elmer H. Gardner, Wireman, Electrical Division. Fred L. Wertz, Jr., Locomotive Engineer, Railroad Division. R. L. Hendrickson, Senior Towboat Master, Navigation Division. Lavinia R. Dahlhoff, Telephone Operator, Electrical Division. Harold J. McCarrick, Foreman, Public Winks, Maintenance Division. *Ethel C. Myers, Nurse, Gorgas Hospital. Gregory G. Cartotto, Business Accountant, Office of Comptroller. Daile D. Keigley, Governmental Accountant, Accounting Division. John A. Dovel, Leadingman Pipefitter, Industrial Bureau. Ernest B. Rainier, Pilot, Navigation Division. Honor Roll Corrections The Canal Honor Roll, which appeared in the May issue of The Panama Canal Review and which listed employees now in service who began work for the Canal during the construction period, omitted the name of Edward W. Schnake, Electrical Supervisor at Miraflores Locks. Mr. Schnake began work for the Canal organization in November 1912 as a wireman on the Locks construction force. Another correction of the Honor Roll as it appeared in the last issue: An asterisk should have marked the names of Adrien M. Bouche and Mrs. Lea K. Dugan since both are holders of the coveted Roosevelt Medal awarded for two years of continuous service during the Canal's construction period.

PAGE 15

June 5, 1953 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Marine Directors CAPT. FRANK A. MONROE, JR., who becomes Marine Director for the Panama Canal Company on Sunday, is shown here talking over some of the fine points of his new job with his predecessor, Capt. Marvin J. West, right. Captain Munroe arrived May 23; prior to his assignment to the Isthmus, he was commanding officer of the U. 8. N'aval Receiving Station in Seattle. Captain West, who has been assigned to San Diego as commanding officer of the Naval Receiving Station, plans to leave June 10 for California. Governor Promises Support For Differential {Continued from page 1 1 future actions were made: The Supply and Service Director has tentative plans to keep six of the Canal Commissaries open one evening a week; Consideration is being given to the future of the Gamboa Clubhouse which is operating at a considerable loss. Present Commissary plans, according to the announcement made by Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director, call for the Balboa, Cristobal, Cocoli, Rainbow City, Tivoli, and Gamboa Commissaries, to open at 1 p. m. on Thursday and remain open until 8 p. m. All sections of the retail stores would be open during this period. Should the plan be adopted, it will be on a trial basis and would begin June 1 1 Regarding the Gamboa Clubhouse, the conferees were told that a deficit of $5,800 was incurred there during the first nine months of the fiscal year. The Gamboa Clubhouse has never broken even nor made money since it was opened; the total deficit, which has been subsidized, is $160,000. The announcement emphasized that no decision has been made as to the future of the Clubhouse. Lower Cost Housing On the question of housing, the Governor said that construction of quarters designed primarily for families in the lower income brackets is being considered. These houses would be less expensive that the present new housing types. Walter Wagner, Central Labor Union president, and several of the others present commented that employees with little service, although they may be in the lower salary brackets, will be compelled to live in high-rent houses if a present trend continues. Employees with considerable service, he said, are moving from the more expensive houses into lower-rent houses, leaving only the high-rent quarters available to the comparative newcomers. Mr. Lovelady asked, for answer at a future meeting, if the report was true that two official quarters recently built near the Administration Building had recently been reevaluated and reduced in capital value because of excessive plan and design costs. He also asked if this policy would be pursued through other housing, since there had been general employee complaint on overly high engineering charges, and if some adjustment in rent might be expected. Question Asked In that section of the meeting devoted to matters carried over from previous conferences, the Governor reported: That two spiral-type clotheslines will be installed for each of the new houses larger than two bedrooms; in future construction, pipe-and-wire clotheslines will be installed; That no basis had been found for complaints that customers had been short-changed at the Pedro Miguel Commissary; in connection with such complaints he asked that they be specific and include times, dates, amounts, and places; That special police surveillance is being exercised on Tivoli Avenue, but that reports that women pedestrians had been molested could not be verified; That parents must cooperate in keeping small children away from houses which are being demolished; special watchmen or boarding up of the buildings would be excessively expensive. Present at the meeting were the Governor, Mr. Doolan, F. G. Dunsmoor, and Norman F. Johnson, the new Employee Relations Officer, for the administration. Employee representatives were: Mr. Hodges; Robert C. Daniel, Railway Conductors; Mr. Wagner, Ralph Curies, E. J. Husted, Mr. Lovelady, Carl F. Maedl, James P. Boukalis, for the Central Labor Union and affiliated unions; H. C. Simpson, Marine Engine rs; Chester A. Luhr, Pacific Locks employees; Sherman Brooks, the Rev. Philip H. Havener, Marion Goodin, and Mr. Roe for the Civic Councils. Canal Zone Dogs Will Be Licensed; Anti-Rabies Vaccination Required {Continued from \ a known to have bitten any person or any animal, or any animal known to have been bitten by any other animal which is suspected of having rabies. The animal which has bitten anyone may be impounded filla I Way period under veterinary inspection; in the case of an animal bitten by a rabid dog the quarantine period may be four months. Poundmasters will be authorized to impound any dogs or cats which are at large, although the dogs are licensed, if they believe the animals have been abandoned or are in such poor health that they are a menace to public health and safety. Impounded Animals May Be Sold Impounded animals not claimed by their owners will be offered for sale after four days. Notice that the animal is impounded will be posted publicly in two places in the district where the animal was picked up. Pound fees will be $1 a day, except for those animals picked up because they have bitten someone or have themselves been bitten. In such cases the fee will be 50 cents per day. Dog licensing is not new in the Canal Zone. As early as 1908, dogs were licensed; the fee was $3 for a female and $1.50 for a male. Dogs used as watchdogs on farms and not permitted to run loose did not need licenses but their owners were bound by law to kill such animals should they contract a "loathsome, contagious, or infectious disease." Later that same year, after an Isthmianwide outbreak of rabies, the Chief Sanitary Officer was empowered to designate any area of the Canal Zone in which dogs were required to be muzzled when running loose. On February 16, 1909, Col. William C. Gorgas so designated the entire Canal Zone. The order was in effect for almost 13 months before it was rescinded. GOETHALS MEMORIAL ^ AX OPTICAL ILLUSION is presented bv the Goethals Memorial which is under construction at the foot of the Administration Building steps at Balboa Heights. The center shaft, pictured here, will rise 56 feet from its base when it is completed. The shaft measures four feet less in height than the width of the shallow pool in which it stands but appears much taller than the pool is wide. Work on the memorial was started late in March and it will be completed early in August.

PAGE 16

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW THE HOUSE OF IDEAS About 3,000 visitors inspected the house pictured on this page during the week it was open to the public. The "House of Ideas," a duplex apartment in the new housing development at Paraiso, was furnished as a training project in home economics and vocational classes at Red Tank, La Boca, and Rainbow City High Schools. Furnishings were borrowed, made or renovated. Visitors were invited to utilize in their homes decorating and penny-saving ideas that appealed to them. boards made this bookcase. Pacific Evergreen Garden Club members provided flower arrangements, also served as hostesses when the house was open May 3 in BBH LIGHT FURNITURE that can be combined in sectional units was chosen aa to add spaciousness to living room. Drapes on traverse rods give light and BB air, can be closed for privacy. Two framed San Bias Indian molas add color. DROP LEAF table with shelves below, drawers for silverware on the ends was specially designed to save space, provide storage area. It is inspected here by Allan Tomlin, shop student at La Boca where it was made. An open closet was fitted with a curtain that matches the drapes, open shelves above and closed cabinet below to provide the china cabinet and storage area on the left. Material for the drop I leaf table cost $13.15; the china closet, $4,14. RED BUNK BEDS with blue and white spreads both made at Rainbow City, furnished children's room. Foldaway bed with cover made at La Boca provides additional sleeping accommodations. YELLOW QUILTED CORNICE, made in tailoring classes at La Boca, frames the double window in the front bedroom, matching in color the spread made there for the Hollywood bed. Modern twin dressers, maroon on the outside with the inside of the drawers painted yellow, used in this room were modernized steel quartermaster dressers. Their reconditioning cost $3.0(i. The cornice cost $4.92. Yellow cotton rug was $3.95. "LIVING CURTAIN" of plants, arranged by Pacific Evergreen Garden Club, is used instead of fabric to frame the window in the kitchen that overlooks the patio. OUTDOOR LIVING and dining room, the patio at the back of the house, overlooks the Canal. The drop leaf table was made of a long unwieldy old school table; coffee table was another old one cut down; chairs were made in school shop. Visitors shown here, left to right: Henry L. Donovan, Col. Richardson Selee, Dr. Lawrence Johnson and Mrs. Christine Tull.


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