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Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00112
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: May 1953
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
System ID: UF00097366:00112
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text
fof thePasama Canal Musem
C>


PANAMAl


CANAL


,,,_


Vol. 3, No. 10 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, MAY 1, 1953 5 cents


Lock


Gates,


They


Are


Seldom


Seen


ew


Rents


Effective


* *'
*5*** .. *- ".'


On


July


TOWERNG 79 feet above the lock floor, a pair
of miter gates stand partly open for overhaul. The
more-or-less triangular object between the gate
leave is a 'Shackle which is suspended by cables
from two towing locomotives. Directly below, in
I.. 1 flI E


The gates have been repainted. The dividing
line, between what appears to be a smooth and a
roughened section, is roughly the level of Gatun
Lake. The top, smoother portion is never under
water. The lower part is here covered with a
-^:-i ni^-nn*im trnf nnt i/4 1t, nlIo+Pi naofl~f~


Rental on U. S.-rate quarters
will be increased effective July
5 to cover interest charges on
the Government's capital in-
vestment. The increases will
vary, dependent on the type
of house, date of construction,
and other factors.
No increase will be made in rents on
more than 40 percent of the quarters. These
will include all of the 12-family apart-
ment buildings, and, generally, those
houses built prior to 1927 which have
been fully depreciated.
The following table indicates the
general range of increases and the per-
centage of all units now occupied in each
category:
No increase-41 percent
$1 to $5 a month-23 percent
$5 to $10 a month-23 percent
$10 to $20 a month-12.5 percent
Over $20 a month-.5 percent
The application of an interest charge
on Canal quarters is in conformity with
a policy established by the Bureau of the
Budget. Originally interest was included
when the rental revision was made last
October, but the effective date was post-
poned until the beginning of the coming
fiscal year. The postponement of inter-
est charges until July 1, 1953, was one of
four recommendations for adjustment of
rental rates made by the Rent Panel.
All occupants- of quarters will be
notified individually of changes in their
rents. The computation of new rents


'7"- / 1- 7





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 1,1953


International


Girl,


Boy


Scouts


Celebrate


Anniversaries


Things buzzed, Scoutwise, in local-rate
communities last month. Two Scout
organizations were celebrating their
anniversaries.
For the International Girl Scouts, who
were 2 years old, the day's celebration,
on April 11, took the form of a day-long
observance. The International Boy
Scouts, older by 4 years, spread their


anniversary celebration over a full week,
from April 12-18.


Much water has run over Madden
Dam since the International Boy Scouts
of the Canal Zone were formally organized
in April 1947.
Today hundreds of boys and girls who


had had no supervised organization in
which to blow off "growing-up steam"
have had their energies directed into
wholesome, worthwhile channels.
The International Scouts, boys and
girls together, now number close to 900.
The boys have 511 members in 32 regis-
tered units; the girls have 378 members
in 23 registered units. Working with
them are approximately 300 adults who
serve as council or executive board


members or as troop leaders.
Units In Every Town
Each of the Scout organizations has
units in every Canal Zone colored com-
munity except Red Tank. Red Tank
boys and girls belong to troops at Paraiso.
The two organizations have much in
common. Both are Community Chest
agencies, and, except for some troop fund
raising activities, derive their incomes
from the Chest. Both are proud of the


A
support they have had from their com-
munity leaders. Many busy men and
women serve on the councils, executive
boards, and troop committees.
For the Boy Scouts, the Atlantic side
troops are the most active and have the
largest memberships, but Girl Scout
troops are about the same size and
equally active on either side of the
Isthmus.
Boy and Girl Scout troops are both
hampered in their expansion for lack of
troop leaders.


BADGES for photography are treasured by International Girl Scouts. Marcia Oakley, standing
at the left, and Lidia Caballero, seated, think it pretty funny when Donna Davis tried to get a closeup
shot. Miss Mabel McFarqubar, leader of Troop 8 at Paraiso to which all the girls belong, helps
Donna.


Mrs. Alda Hutchinson who, as pro-
fessional worker, supervises the Girl
Scouts says that one of their biggest needs
is for more home-makers to interest
themselves in Scouting.
And Raymond George, Boy Scout
director, says his problem is similar.
Except for this problem which the
leaders hope will soon be solved, both
Scout organizations are flourishing and
filling a needed place in local rate com-
munities.
On the principle of "ladies, first."


let's talk about the girls.


Scouting For Girls
Plans to develop Scouting for girls of
the colored communities were underway
in early 1950. A major problem was the


nationality of the girls and, c
the Scouting organization


onsequently,
with which


they could be affiliated.
Four Scout leaders visited the Isthmus
and discussed the organizational plans.
In April 1951, it was decided that
International Troops under the juris-
diction of the World Bureau in London
would be formed in local rate commu-
nities.
The first Girl Scout leader, Mrs.
Valentine Baptiste, received her World
Pin that month and the first troop, at
Rainbow City, was formed. That sum-
mer Mrs. Hutchinson and Miss Ana


Baptiste were given
study Scouting at the Ec
ing School in New Yor
1952, Mrs. Hutchinson
professional worker.


scholarships to
lith Macy Train-
k. In February
was appointed


. ..^


- --.. - .-


The IGS movement grew rapidly.
Last month the Girl Scouts awarded their
first group of second-class badges. These
went to eight Senior Scouts at Chaares.


�trH- ,r1


i
t


/


/




May 1, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Governor S

Meets With

At April


ybold

Employees
Conference


CHS


Let


Future

rnBy


?


Teachers


of


America


Hearing, Seeing, Doing


One of the shortest Governor-Employee
conferences ever held took place last
month when Gov. J. S. Seybold met in
the Board Room with representatives of
labor and civic groups. The conference,
which produced no matters for long
discussion, lasted only 35 minutes.
Under the heading of "old" business-
questions raised at previous confer-
ences-the Governor told the conference:
That a change in the hour of blowing
the air raid siren was still under consider-
ation by the joint Civil Defense Council;
That difficulties in obtaining dental
appointments are not exclusive to the
Canal Zone, but that an attempt will be
made to have the Health Bureau keep
"comparatively up" with its dental
workload;
That locks security patrolmen and
police officers may have their uniforms
returned from the laundry on hangers if
such a request is made when the clothing
is sent;
That DDT spraying is normally
discontinued during the dry season but
that it was resumed in Gamboa on April
13, earlier than usual this year, because
of complaints about mosquitoes;
And that placing an additional stop
sign at the Ancon laundry crossing is
still under study.
New Business
Under new business the Governor told
the group that Mrs. Ethel Hoover (of
the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the
Department of Labor) had been brought
here at his request "to discuss labor
policies."
He had "no comment" when asked if
she were going to establish a "cost of
living" index or to a remark that she
should meet with labor groups.
Rufus Lovelady of the AFGE asked
if new rental rates had been calculated.
The Governor answered that prelimi-
nary figures had been compiled and that
it was hoped that the figures will be
completed so that householders would
have 60-day notice on the new rent rates.
He answered affirmatively when asked
if the new rents would differ from the


READING, seeing, and doing give the FUTURE
TEACHERS a good idea of the meaning of the
profession they now think they'd like to follow.
Left to right the Cristobal High School girls are:
Seated: Maricha Tagaropulos, Diane McLaren,
and Carlene Taber;
Standing: Judy Ramirez, Arline Lim, Ann Mac-
cubbin, Barbara Egolf, Nancy Kariger, Henrietta


Cristobal High School graduates who
become teachers will never be able to
say: "No one ever told me teaching would
be like this!" For, through a school
group known as the Future Teachers of
America, they get a pretty good idea of


what teaching
Started in
student who t
teacher (she


is lil
1948
ihou{
got


ke.
Sat the request of a
ght she'd like to be a
married instead), the


Future Teachers attracted 11 students to
their first meeting. This year they have
31 members, all girls. There have been
boys in other years and their sponsor,
Miss Adamary Anderson who teaches
Social Studies at the High School, would
like to see boys as members again. She
thinks they may have been frightened
away by the sheer number of the girls.
The Future Teachers, familiarly known
as the FTA, meet twice a month during
the noon hour in the Household Arts


Ferri, Rosa Santes, Velvia Bringas, Mary Fernandez,
Donna Geyer, Joan Holgerson, Arlene Vandergrift,
Third row: Betty Tarr, Paula Holgerson, Joyce
Cookson, Sylvia Mann, Sheila McNamee, Muriel
Morland, Diane Hannigan, Alice Chambers, Nancy
Montibello, Carol George, Alice Hannigan.
Above, left and right: Lorna Stone and Mary Lou
Allen.

room. They may be from any one of the
High School's four grades. This year
there are two freshmen in the group.
Whenever possible, a speaker addresses
them.
Members of the FTA now customarily
plan and present the Assembly for visitors
during National Education Week each
Fall. One of their most successful pro-
grams was in 1950 when they depicted
"Education-On Both Sides of the Iron
Curtain."
Teach Classes
In the Spring they have an "FTA
Day at the Junior High School when
they teach classes for a day under the
supervision of the regular teacher. They
frequently sit in as observers in elemen-
tary school classes and take part, at
times, in class-room activities.
On the theory that a teacher's work
is closely tied in with activities of her
community, they get credit for such out-


r


aI-





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 1,1953


New


Offensive


Undertaken


In


Long


War


Against


Canal


Zone's


Hungry


ermites


The old Canal Zone wisecrack that the
"house will fall down if the termites stop
holding hands" isn't funny to the Housing
Division.
It's too close to the truth to be com-
fortable.
No houses have as yet fallen down and
if the Housing Division has its way they
won't. But it wasn't too long ago that


an Anc
when tw
the flooi
with th
planks l
Locally
termites
of war s
available
mate, o:
annually
In 1938
$21,500
annual
tenance
which m
This fi


underestimate, in light of current know-
ledge.
And the Department of Agriculture
has figures estimating the cost of repair-
ming buildings min Canal Zone military
installations damaged by subterranean
termites alone as $500,000 per year. This
estimate was for about the year 1948,
before effective control measures were
developed.
Housing officials unhesitatingly declare
that the termite is public enemy No. 1,
as far as they are concerned; this busy
little wood-eating insect causes more
deterioration to wood buildings, or to
the wood in concrete buildings, than all
other causes put together.
1,717 Species Of Termites
The Department of Agriculture's Year-
book on Insects, 1952 edition, lists 1,717
species of termites. Of this number,
however, only 56 species are known in the
Canal Zone.


couple was wakened rudely
egs of their bed went through
They spent an uneasy night
resurrected bed resting on


RAPACIOUS termites can make
window frame in no time at all.


on
o l
r.
[e


a shambles of a


Fourteen of the fifty-six Canal Zone
species come under the tongue-twisting
name of Kalotermitidae. These are the
dry wood termites, which nest in window
frames and other such likely places and
which do not need moisture to exist.
The other 42 varieties, which do need
water, are members of the Rhinotermiti-
dae family. These particular villains are
the termites which live in the ground or
in trees, making forays from their nests
or - more properly - termitariums
through covered runways to attack and
consume almost any cellulose material
they consider edible. They have been
known to destroy books, clothing and
shoes; they have ruined rugs; they turned
up m a drawerful of lingerie; and they
have absolutely no respect for official
records or correspondence, which they
seem to find especially tasty.
Little stops them. They have gone
through gutta percha, rubber, glass wool,


I [- - - -I i_


and the insulation on electrical wiring.
They have destroyed jackets on fire hoses
and have. eaten through lead sheathing
on electric cables.
One of their most spectacular local
exploits was to get through 5 inches of
concrete (that particular concrete was
loaded with shells) and into the stationery
storage room at the Mechanical Division
(now Industrial Bureau) building in
Balboa.
Undoubtedly a good many Canal Zone
families have been disturbed at this time
of year by flying termites which have an
unhappy faculty of making a mass appear-
ance just about dinner time. One local
family, so disturbed, had to transfer an
anniversary dinner party-food, flowers,
guests and all-to the termite-free home
(f a neighbor.
If the termite is the No. 1 menace to
Zone housing, these omniverous pests
have their own particular ranking enemies.
Heading the termite list for early elim-
ination undoubtedly are two men, Dr.
James Zetek and Robert Morris. Dr.
Zetek is entomologist here for the U. S.
Department of Agriculture with his work
centered at Barro Colorado Island.
Mr. Morris, also an entomologist, heads
the comparatively new Forest Insect
Laboratory at the entrance to Curundu.
This is a substation of the Forest Insect
Laboratory at Gulfport, Mississippi, and
was established by the Bureau of Entom-
ology and Plant Quarantine of the
Department of Agriculture. It was made
possible by a joint agreement between


the Departments of Defense and
ture and consequently Mr.
findings are available to the Can


ization


min the Canal Zone.
Both men know enough about termites
to make the termites thoroughly uncom-
fortable.
Need Not Be Menace
Several years ago Dr. Zetek, speaking
before a group of Canal Zone engineers,
declared that the termite need not be the
menace which everyone considers.
Dry wood termites which do not need
water will not attack wood treated with
arbirn chonlmis. lq EtYhpnqrivxp +pcqa pn.r-


Agricul-
Morris'
al organ-


iid across the hole in the flooring.
y, war was declared against
many years ago and the state
till exists. There are no readily
e current figures, or even an esti-
f the amount of damage done
Sby termites to Canal buildings.
, according to official records,
was estimated as "the probable
share of Gold quarters main-
in the Balboa-Ancon District
fight be laid to termite action."
figure is now believed to be a gross


as well as to the military services





May 1,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


GUIDA


IDENT


PREVENTION


Accidents Are


Symptoms


When an accident occurs, it is not the
fact you have had an accident that is
wrong; it is the things that have led up
to the accident that are wrong. If you
have a headache, the pain can be dulled
by taking a sedative, but as it wears off
the headache returns. Nowadays, we
recognize headaches as symptoms point-
ing to something else gone wrong, so we
consult a doctor who determines the
reason for the pain. Accidents are head-
aches in more ways than one, but
primarily they are symptoms.
Some foremen think an accident is so
important to their safety record that it
becomes necessary for them to minimize
the resultant investigation and tone
down the following publicity, thinking
their accident record will not suffer.
Actually, they are like the fellow with the
headache who is only dulling the pain
with aspirin.
This type of foreman may do other
things to dull his accident headaches.
He has been known to tell his men not to
bother him to make out minor injury
reports for small cuts and bruises. Other
times, he may send them home as being
sick, when actually they have strained a
back or experienced other serious injury.

HONOR ROLL
Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
March
HEALTH BUREAU
COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR


In addition to these practices, he has
other tricks to make his accident record
appear good. He may hold up an injury
report on a disabled employee, so the
report will not be recorded within the
month in which the accident occurred.
If his luck holds, a "carry-over" may
not make so much difference to his next
month's safety record.
This type of foreman is entirely missing
the point on why he should keep an
accurate record of his accident experi-
ences. In addition to his efforts in trying
to keep his true accident record dark, he
says that he is a field man who gets
things done, therefore making out reports
is a measly desk job for others. He claims
he has 20 years experience running a job
in safety. More than likely he has had
one year's safety experience repeated 20
times. He tells everybody, not working
in the same trade, that they cannot
understand the hazards and risks of his
job. He builds these up as something
only he and his men can avoid by their
superior skill.
The efficient foreman realizes that his
"accident headaches" are an indication
that his unit is not functioning properly.
When he has an accident, he knows it is
too late to prevent that accident, so he
salvages all he can. He makes sure the
injured person gets immediate medical
attention, and by a prompt investigation
prevents a recurrence by taking the
indicated measures. If he cannot find
a remedy he seeks help from others.
This wise foreman knows that his Safety
Engineer also has an interest in these
accidents, so he makes a complete report
on the forms provided for that purpose.
Then his Safety Engineer, or Inspector,
can study the symptoms, determine the
true causes, and be able to assist him in


working


up ways


to prevent


future


accidents.
It is evident that accidents are symp-
toms. It is by investigating and report-
ing every one, regardless of its severity,
that causes can be studied for ways and
means to reduce or eliminate accidents.
Some companies hire safety engineers
to personally investigate and report on
every accident. It is more usual, as in
the Canal Zone Government- Panama
Canal Company, to have the supervisors,
foremen, and bosses investigate and make
reports on the accidents within their
units. A good reason for this, according
to the National Safety Council, is that
more accidents are prevented when the
bosses, high and low, are familiar with
all phases of safety work.


The better bosses know that safe
operation is a vital part of good manage-
ment and efficient production. The gain
in good-will and respect from his men is
not the least of the advantages of safety.
A "minor injury report" is not only a
report of an accident, but it is also the
injured employee's notice that he has
received an injury in "line of duty."
If a minor injury develops into a more
serious injury and time is lost, an em-
ployee will not appreciate the neglect
of his boss in not having made out a
minor injury report.
When the men feel that their boss is
looking out for their interest by doing
everything possible to prevent accidents;
and helps them when they do have an
accident, by providing prompt first aid,
or other necessary medical treatment,
and sees that compensation requirements
are met for those entitled to compensa-
tion; then the workers are more apt to
give their full cooperation in trying to
prevent all accidents, with the healthful
result of a safer and better place to work,
with a minimum of lost-time injuries.


Civil Affairs..------------------- :
Health_------------------------:
Industrial- ....-- ------------------- -
Community Services ......----------
Engineering and Construction ..
Marine .-------------------------


MARCH 1953


0 Health Bureau


Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked
(Frequency Rate)


U i


1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111.I1111111111..


I


|




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 1,1953


Community


Problems

1 Monthly


Are


The houses they live in, health problems,
and what they buy or what it costs them
to buy in the Commissaries and Club-
houses are subjects uppermost in the
minds of Canal employees if a cross
section of the topics discussed at the
Governor-Employee conferences is an
indicator.
The meeting this month will mark the
completion of the third year of the
"shirtsleeve" conferences as they are
popularly known. The meetings are held
monthly in the Board Room of the
Administration Building with the Gov-
ernor, or in his absence the Lieutenant
Governor, acting as chairman or discus-
sion leader. Attending are one or two
members of the Governor's staff and
representatives of the labor groups and
Canal Zone Civic Councils.
The shirtsleeve conferences were initi-
ated in June 1950 at the suggestion of
a group of American Federation of Labor
officials who visited the Isthmus early
that year to discuss employee-manage-
ment relations. The basic purpose of
the meetings is the same as that of
round-table conferences since man first
gathered around camp fires-to exchange
information and discuss or debate
common problems.
The consensus of those attending the
conferences is that they have been highly
successful. They provide for the Canal
administration a means of giving de-
tailed explanations of official actions or
policies which affect employees and their
families. It also provides the Governor
and his assistants with a better knowledge
of the views of employees on problems
directly affecting them.
Direct Way To Top
On the part of the employees, the
shirtsleeve conferences provide the most
direct means of bringing to the attention
of top Canal administrators matters which
they feel should be corrected, particu-
larly in community affairs. They also
provide the most direct means of obtain-
ing correct information for the groups
they represent either on policies or con-
templated actions or changes.
From an overall viewpoint, the con-
f~rnonp b hnvw nrnved highlv effective


Most Discussed

irtsleeve" Conferences


Conferences from the time they were
started in June 1950 up through the
meeting in February of this year indicates
the frequency of subjects under discus-
sion:
COMMUNITY PROBLEMS: Hous-
ing, 107; health problems, 82; traffic
and safety, 89; Commissaries, 78;:
schools, 47; Clubhouses, 21; civil
defense, 14; and grounds mainte-
nance or trash and garbage collec-
tion, 9.
MISCELLANEOUS: Rates of pay
and hours of work, 31; Income tax,
22; relations with Panama, 22; check
payments, 14; force reductions, 10;
Panama Canal tolls, 9, and Panama
Line ships, 6.
Few problems are too small and none
are too intricate to come up for discussion
at the conferences. The meetings are
usually opened by a review of the ques-
tions which have been brought up at
previous meetings on which reports are
made. Following this, each group repre-
sentative is requested in turn to bring
up for discussion any question or ques-
tions in which his organization is
interested.
Very often when these subjects are
introduced they are of such general
interest that a round-table discussion fol-
lows. The extent of these general debates


BOYS OUTNUMBER

Boys outnumber girls in the gi
classes of the Canal Zone s
schools, according to figures cor
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW.
Late this month 205 cap
gowned young men and 17
women, also wearing caps and g


GIRLS


raduating
secondary
piled by
ped and
8 young
3wns, will


attend baccalaureate services. By Ju
all graduation exercises will be over.
In addition to the 383 students
will receive their diplomas from the C
Zone Junior College and the four C
Zone high schools, 307 students in


ne3


Balboa and Cristobal Junior High Schools
will hold Class Day exercises indicating
their transfer to Senior High School.
This year's total of 383 graduates is
well below last year's record figure of 550.


or discussions depends on subject matter
and amount of public interest in the
problems at the time.
Sometimes-One Subject
On many occasions, most of the time
at the meetings is devoted almost exclu-
sively to one subject. This has been
true in the case of the housing program,
the rental increases last year, and income
tax when it became effective.
Many of the subjects introduced are
under continuing discussion while others
are purely topical. Among the former
are questions relating to health, schools,
commissaries, or clubhouses. "Topical"
subjects in which intense interest was
shown for a time and then dropped have
been income tax, and various operations
of the Panama Line ships.
The shirtsleeve conferences are "give-
and-take" affairs in which each group
representative has ample opportunity to
ask questions or express his own views
or those of the organization he represents.
No attempt is made to evade questions
and in practically all cases direct answers
are given when they are introduced,


although there are
more are deferred t
more complete infor
The round-table
long since passed th
and although there
ings at which only
nature are discuss
agreement that the


times when one or
;o later meetings for
nation.
conference plan has
e experimental stage
are occasional meet-
problems of a minor
ed there is general
system has produced


highly satisfactory results.


GRADUATING


CLASSES


Boca Occupational High Schools.
A brief resume of the commencement
schedule follows, with the schools listed
alphabetically:
Balboa High School,withl82grad-
uating-10 more than last year, will have
its baccalaureate services at 2:30 p. m.
May 31 in the Diablo theater. Gradua-
tion exercises will take place at 8 p. m.
June 2 in the Balboa theater.
Canal Zone Junior College bacca-
laureate and graduation are both to be
held in the High School library; the bacca-
laureate at 4 p. m. May 31 and graduation
at 10:30 a. m. June 2. Thirty students
will be graduated.
Cristobal High School will grad-
uate 62, five more than last year. Bacca-
?ri*�n^q, n tN9 ru.,t, nAnf l nAl tnt� K ni ni 1HKnr '21





May 1,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Official


Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Printing Plant
Mount Hope Canal Zone

JOHN S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President

H. O. PAXSON, Lieutenant Governor

E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary

J. RuFus HARDY, Editor

ELEANOR H. MCILHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.


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On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
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publication date. ____
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-O10centseach
BACK COPIES-10 cents each
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights. ____
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to Editor, THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights, C. Z.


Heads


Export-Import


Major


General


Bank


en E. Edgerton,
Governor of The
Panama Canal
from 1940 to 1944,
last month was
named Chairman
of the Board of
Directors of the
Export-Import
Bank. The former
Governor is also


FAULT FINDING by machine is a new wrinkle
for the Electrical Division.
William Dorgan, left, and Frank Cunningham
from the Balboa Field Office have hooked the Fault
Finder-that's it's real name, but they call it the
"Firecracker"-to a defective cable. It immediately


About 50 young men are expected to
make application for the apprentice
training program in the Canal organi-
zation which will start in July.
Applicants were to be accepted up
to the close of business today, May 1;
examinations will be held May 9 at the
Diablo Clubhouse.
The apprenticeships will provide
training in four crafts in the mechan-
ical and electrical fields: Machinists,
auto repair machinists, plumbers, and


power
years
house


iouse operators. The first two
of the apprenticeship for power-
operators will be served in train-


ing as wiremen.
The training provided by the appren-
ticeships extends over a period of four
years.


The late starting dry


advantages; there


were


season
fewer


had some
grass fires


this year than last.
Last dry season the first fire was rep'


orted


begins to pop. Manholes along the route of the
cable are then opened. Where a similar popping is
heard, the trouble is located.
Recently the Fault Finder located, within 5 min-
utes, a break in 500 feet of cable buried in the ground
and serving the area around the Panama City
railroad station.


All of the schools will have programs for
the occasion, some including children in
only one school room, others for two or
more school rooms and some that will be
given for an entire school or school building.
Parents have been invited to attend many
of the programs.

Road gangs from the penitentiary at
Gamboa are just completing the clean-
up of the old Paraiso cemetery. Grass
has been cut, rocks removed and fresh
white paint placed on all of the crosses
as well as on the fence around the
graves of French engineers Parazols


andi Vignol.
The cemetery predates


the construc-


tion of the Canal by American forces.
It was in existence well before 1905
and was utsed as recently as 1937.
Between 1932 and 1937, 80 burials took
place there, mopt of them relatives of
people whose graves were in the old
cemetery.


OF CURRENT INTEREST


Ex-Governor




THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May1,1953


THE


GO


VERNOR'


HO USE-


" " �K . KW.
s- * ^
*-. ^ /.-
* ***
.. H^� H
^


: 1<..1
<>1/'


of three stories with a kitchen and
servants quarters in a separate building.
It was to have had 15 bedrooms, each
with its own bath, a roof garden and a
55- by 48-foot drawing room. It was


BUILT at Culebra in 1906 as the Chief Engineer's residence, quarters 159 was moved in 1914 to
Balboa Heights where it has served since that time as the Governor's house.


A PORTE COCHERE and widened porches have altered the appearance of the one-time Chief
Engineer's residence, now the home of the Governor of the Canal Zone.


estimated that between 12 and 15
ants would be necessary to keep
and that its completed cost wou
in the vicinity of $200,000.
In late 1906, before anything b
exterior was completed, Mr. S
ordered that it be converted
Administration Building and this
came about a year later, housing
of the Sanitary Department, police
quarters, schools, the collector of
nues the paymaster, etc.
About 1915 a considerable port


serv-
it up
lid be


nut its
tevens
to an
it be-
offices
head-
reve-


ion of


the building was turned over for use by
the District Court, which is still located
there, although some Army offices and
some units of the Canal remained in the
building for a while.
Goethals Lived in 159
But back to Culebra. When Lt. Col.
George Washington Goethals succeeded
Mr. Stevens as Chief Engineer he moved
into the residence at Culebra. This was
in March 1907. Since Colonel Goethals
was also chairman of the Isthmian Canal
Commission his home became the Canal
Zone's ranking quarters. Altogether, at
Culebra and at Balboa Heights, the
Goethals family occupied building 159
for 10 years.
In the early part of 1914, with the
Canal nearing completion, its headquar-
ters were transferred to Balboa Heights.
Along with the moving of offices and
files, desks, and people, came the transfer
of some of the old houses.
The quarters of the present Lieutenant
Governor, and Marine Director, as well
as the Balboa Clubhouse and the now
non-existent Pedro Miguel Clubhouse
were among those brought in from
"along the line."
The buildings were dismantled in large
sections, the sections carefully numbered,
loaded vertically onto flat cars and moved
the 10 miles-as a buzzard flies-to their
new locations.
The present Governor's house cost
$19,773.18 to build, according to old files.
That isn't much as houses go these days
but it was quite a lot for a residence
i I n.. a ii




May 1,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


47


YEARS


OF


LOCAL


HIS TOR Y


which runs the full 80-foot depth of the
house and which overlooks the trim,
well-shrubbed lawn where large recep-
tions are often held, is one of the beauty
spots of the house.
After Governor Walker, succeeding
Governors turned their attention to the
furnishings. Much of the original equip-
ment and furniture was replaced during
the administration of Col. Harry Burgess,
1928-32.
The greater part of the furniture had
been used since 1906 and included some
pieces which had been in the Chief En-
gineer's House in Panama City and
presumably were of French origin. Much
was neither traditional nor beautiful.
The only old pieces now remaining are
a marble-topped console in the living
room which dates back to Goethals' day,
the rectangular mahogany dining table
and its 36 reed-seated chairs, which are
between 35 and 40 years old, and two
mahogany armchairs of uncertain age
which were left by previous occupants.
Silver and China
During the Burgess period the Gover-
nor's house acquired its first official china.
For family use there is a service of Rose
Minton, but for official entertaining there
is another Minton pattern. This has a
wide colored band, a narrow gold border
and the Canal Zone Seal in gold. Flat
silver bearing the Canal Zone Seal was also
added at this time, as was new table and
bed linen, all woven with the Canal
Zone Seal.
During the next administration, that of
Col. Julian L. Schley, five great silver
punchbowls were purchased and between
1936 and 1940, when Col. Clarence S.
Ridley was Governor, two huge candel-
abra were purchased.
No structural changes of any impor-
tance have been made since the mid-
twenties, but the interior decorating has
changed with practically every family.
The panelled walls of the "public rooms"
downstairs, which for several years were
painted the pale green known throughout
the Isthmus as Governor's green, are now
a cool off-white.
The number of rooms in the residence


COOL GRAYS and blue-greens, with tropical plants and flowers, bring the outdoors indoors in the
living room at the Governor's House.


is surprisingly small, considering its
over-all size, but almost all of them are
larger than average. The first floor con-
tains a library, a large hall, the living
room, the big formal dining room, the
porches, a guest suite of bedroom and
bath, and the large kitchen and serving
pantry.


The Governor and Mrs. Seybold-
their only son, Jack, is in college in
California-do most of their family living
upstairs where there is a library, a long
porch and five bedrooms and four baths.
Mrs. Seybold hopes to have pictures of
her predecessors as First Lady hung in
the upstairs library.
Servants' quarters and the laundry are
in a small, "one-story building adjacent
to the main house.
Most Governors have brought with


them their own furniture, at least their
favorite pieces, and the Seybolds are no
exception. Mrs. Seybold has wrought


-.. --


iron chairs, with glass topped tables, m
the living room, where there is also a
handsome French Provincial cabinet.
Cushions are covered either in blue-green,
almost an aquamarine, or in pearl gray.
Chinese rugs, and a few smaller orientals,
cover the floor.
As in a good many houses here there
are no window draperies, but baskets of
ferns hang in the window openings.
The furniture on the porch is wicker,
painted a soft French gray with cushions
covered in figured and plain material in
which green, brown, coral, and chartreuse
predominate.


The household staff is headed by
Norman Vincent Fraser, who has been at
Building 159 since 1927. His position
is officially described as that of "Cus-
todian," but his duties are myriad at the
big house. He learned the duties of
butler at a school conducted by the
Reverend Arthur F. Nightengale in
Ancon during the early 1920's. He is a
walking encyclopedia of Governor's House
history.
He thorouffhly eniovs taking people


-aAA ..- .





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 1,1953


They


Won-


International Girl, Boy Scouts
Celebrates Anniversaries
(Continued from page 2) Mrs. Hutch-
inson, the director, is a graduate of the
La Boca Normal School. While she was
teaching, she started a baby-sitting club
for junior high school girls at Santa Cruz.
Later,.in Paraiso, she became interested
in working with a group of sixth-grade
girls. Through Mrs. Will Pence of Ancon
she learned-and passed on to the girls-
such crafts as making bags from coconuts
and tembleques from fish scales.
Boy Scouting
Like the Girl Scouts, the Boy Scouts
have grown, and still are growing, rapidly.


few months after the IBS was
in 1947 its membership was
boys, working with 75 adults.


Within a
organized
some 200


PRIZEWINNERS in the annual Police Pistol
Shoot pose with their winnings.
Left to right are: Paul S. Stewart, Cristobal license
examiner, first; Sidney Hayes of the Balboa station,
second; and Howard J. Toland of the Pedro Miguel
station, third.
Mr. Stewart is a two-time winner; he placed first


in the 1948 shoot. Last year, as this
for first place but this year he was high
range"-the 25- and 15-yard and the
gets-and in case of a tie, high score
range determines the winner.
This year's scores were: Stewart, 194
Toland, 191.


year, he tied
on the "dead
bobbing tar-
on the dead
; Hayes, 194;


ELECTRIC HAIR DRYERS that work on 25- A ONE-POUND package which contains
or 60 cycle current would make a practical about five kinds of cold cuts is being added
present for Mother's Day, May 10. They to the line of Commissary pre-packaged meat
are available in the Commissaries, of course, items. The "party-paks" of lunch meat will
and cost $17.50. cost about 54 cents.


Mothers would also be pleased to receive
one of the folding umbrellas that are
For expected in the stores about the first
Rainy of May. They are in plaids and
Days solid colors and fold to a convenient
half size of the usual umbrella. They
cost $5.85. New nylon umbrellas of the


Fresh frozen beef pies, ready to heatand serve,
Dr. have been ordered as a novelty
Duner item and will be available-prob-
In a. ably for a short time-in the frozen
inu e food sections. The beef pies are
a Swanson product.


Today that number has almost tripled.
At the present time particular em-
phasis is being laid on the program for
Cubs who, aged 8 to 11, are the youngest
of the three Scout groups. A new Cub-
bing Committee has recently been organ-
ized. It is headed by Harold Rerrie of
Rainbow City, with Daniel T. Foster, also
of Rainbow City, as Cub Commissioner.
The biggest project which the IBS now
has on hand is securing a permanent camp
site for all year round camping.
Much stress is laid in the entire IBS pro-
gram on good citizenship and brotherhood.
Toward that end, 10 boys and a leader
attended the First Caribbean Jamboree
in March of last year in Jamaica. This
year the Canal Zone International Boy
Scouts have been invited to the Boy
Scouts of America National Jamboree in
California but lack of funds will probably
prevent them from going.
Boy Scout Week
During Boy Scout week last month,
the International Boy Scouts had as their
theme: "Helping others, That's Scout-
ing." They attended church in uniform;
raised flags at their schools, held "Cub-
erees" at Paraiso and Rainbow City;
observed a Community Service Day and
a Loyalty Day; and climaxed the week
by awarding honors to the Outstanding
Leader, Senior and Intermediate Scout
and Cub of the Year.
Next year these Scouts of the Year will
appear on posters during Scout week, as
last year's honorees did this year.
Ellis L. Fawcett, principal of Red
Tank school, is IBS president. He
1 1 1 ii 'il. l. t -1. 1~ - ti -. A





May 1,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


The Panama Canal is nearing its half
century of existence as an American
enterprise. Next Monday one of the
most important anniversaries of a long
list of great events will take place. It is
the anniversary of the transfer of the
rights and properties of the second
French Canal Comnanv to the United


States Government.
The transfer took place
in the morning of May


e at 7:30 o'clock
4, 1904, in the


building then known as the Hotel de la
Compagnie. The building, which fronts
on Cathedral Plaza in Panama City, now
houses the Panama Post Office.
The ceremony was brief and simple.
It consisted chiefly of the transfer of
keys to the various French Canal Com-
pany properties, the signing and delivery
of a $40,000,000 receipt in Spanish,
English, and French, and raising the
United States flag over the building.
Entrusted with the important mission
was Lieutenant Mark Brooke, a young
officer of the U. S. Army Corps of Engin-
eer, who had been designated to act for
the United States Government in the
absence of his commanding officer. The
ceremony was witnessed by only a few
spectators, including officials of the
Government of the United States and
Panama.
Began Construction Period
The event signaled the opening of a
10-year period of intense activity on the
Isthmus of Panama which resulted in one
of the great sagas of man's achievement.
Only a few years remain until the
events of the stirring Canal construction


period will be told only in history books
or recounted by second generation em-
ployees in the organization.
Among the tens of thousands of men
and women who came from the United
States to help build the Panama Canal,
only 33 who were employed during that
period remain in service. Several of
these are scheduled to retire during the
coming year and by 1960 all employees
with construction service will have


1906
*Vincent G. Raymond-December 16
1907
*Florence E. Williams-March 1
1908
*Charles P. Morgan-October 26
1909
Adrien M. Bouche-July 2
1910


*George H. Cassell-January
*Raymond B. Ward-June 13


*Raymond


A. Koperski-June 27


1911
*ERNEST C. COTTON-February 20
Lea K. Dugan-June,6
*GEORGE N. ENGELKE-September 5
*Bernard W. Mclntyre-September 28
*Gregor Gramlich-October 14
*Berney J. Robinson-October 30
1912
Samuel J. Deavours-March 1
*Robert W. Hutchings-April 26
Thomas J. Breheny-November 1
George C. Orr-December 5
ARTHUR MORGAN-December 16
1913
Otto A. Sundquist-January 15
Bernard J. McDaid-February 19
Leonidas H. Morales H.-March 1
David W. Ellis-June 11
Arthur J. Farrell-June 28
Edward P. Walsh-July 1
EMMETT ZEMER-July 10
Harold P. Bevington-August 16
Eric E. Forsman-November 4
Bert G. Tydeman-November 22
Mal LeRoy Dodson-December 10
William V. Brugge-December 17


reached the age of compulsory retirement.
The list of old timers still in service
has rapidly decreased within the past
few years. There were nearly 400 just
eight years ago but the list had shrunk
to 106 names when it was printed in the
first issue of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW,
of May 1950, as an honor roll of the
organization. There were 53 in service
last May on the Canal's birthday.
Twelve Hold Medal
Of the 33 still in service on the 49th
anniversary, only 12 are holders of the
coveted Roosevelt Medal awarded to
those employees with two or more years
of continuous construction service. Five
of the old timers have continuous service
records with the Canal organization.
In this issue of the REVIEW are carried


the picture
baby memb
circle of ol
who, if the
retirement
construction
strangely,
who work'
Commission
their 'teens
The con
women whi


while it was
still in servi
anniversary
of those w
indicated in
of Roosevelt


s of the "Class of 1960,"/' the
ers of the now small and select
d timers. They are the ones
y choose to remain until their
age, will be the very last
n day workers in service. Not
all five are the sons of men
ed for the Isthmian Canal
n and all began work in
.
nplete list of the men and
o began working for the Canal


still being built and who are
ce to help run it on the 49th
appears here. The names
ith continuous service are
capital letters, and holders
SMedals are indicated by (*).


THE PANAMA CANAL HONOR ROLL


* � -r"


m





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 1,1953


Highest


Draft


Quota


Set For Canal Zone

A draft quota of 60, the highest set so
far for the Canal Zone, has been estab-
lished for the month of May by Selective
Service headquarters in Washington.
The Canal Zone quota for April was
45, compared with former quotas that
have ranged from 10 to 15 monthly since
the establishment of the local Selective
Service organization in June 1951.
The higher quotas, coupled with a
decrease in the backlog of non-citizen
volunteers for Army service, increased
the possibility that U. S. citizen regis-
trants might be drafted for the first time
by local Selective Service boards.
All those inducted so far to fill Canal
Zone quotas have been volunteers, a
total of 291 since June 1951. Only five
of that number were United States
citizens.
As of April 25 there were about 45
volunteers on Selective Service lists; this
number, however, changes daily as others
volunteer, some are inducted, and some
are disqualified for service on the basis
of pre-induction physician examinations.
On the same date there were 469
United States citizens in the Canal Zone
registered for selective service, 164 of
whom were classified 1-A.

41 Cents Hourly Minimum
Becomes Effective May 3

Approximately 400 local rate em-
ployees-160 of them full-time work-
ers-will receive pay increases of two
to four cents an hour effective with the
pay period beginning next Monday.
The pay increase is the result of a
new minimum wage of 41 cents an
hour which was announced April 15
at Balboa Heights. It will total about
$25,000 a year and will affect the lowest-
paid employees in the organization.
The increase in the minimum wage
scale is the fifth since the present local
rate wage schedule was established in
February 1948. At that time the
minimum wage was set at 22 cents an
hour. Later the minimum was raised
to 26 cents, then to 33 cents, and
finally to 37 cents an hour.

u n* nrr*r * . .


Capt. Frank Munroe Due


To


Become


Cana


Capt. Frank A. Munroe, Jr., USN,
has been assigned to duty with the
Panama Canal Company and will succeed
Capt. Marvin J. West as Marine Director


when he leaves early in June.
Captain West, who has been
with the Canal since July 1949,
assigned to duty in San Dieg
as commanding officer of the U.
Receiving Station there. H
three years as Port Captain L


on duty
has been
o, Calif.,
S. Naval
served
n Balboa


and was appointed Marine Director last
June upon the retirement of Capt. Robert
M. Peacher.
The new Marine Director was born in
Annapolis, Md., and was graduated from
the Naval Academy in the same class
with Captain West in 1925. He resigned
after three years of active duty to enter
private business. He was employed for
10 years, from 1930 to 1940, with the


New Offensive Against C. Z. Termites
(Continued from page 4) were made to
wipe out termite colonies underground
by blowing a small amount of Paris
green into a broken tunnel run. The
worker termites tracked through the
poison. Other workers licked the arsenic
from the bodies of the first group. They
died, and were eaten by others. Even-
tually the whole colony-workers, fierce
soldiers, and the terrifically fertile kings
and queens-became termite ghosts.
But sometimes the termites got wise.
They might wall off the casualties and
not eat them. And the arsenic was
dangerous to humans and animals if any
of it spilled.
Preventive Measures
So now, rather than trying to wipe out
the colonies the entomologists recommend
that they be kept from their tasty morsels
of beams and floors and picture frames
and books and furniture. It can be done
in several ways.
One method which is now being used by
the Canal organization is poisoning of the
ground around houses. Specifications for
all housing being built under this fiscal
year's program call for ground poisoning
under concrete floor slabs and around the
perimeter of all quarters. Sodium arsen-
ite is being used under the floors and
.... nr-v " , Ia:r.,.-il E 1 li , i. r,


This Month


il Marine Director
Republic Steel Corporation.
Captain Munroe was recalled to active
duty with the Navy in 1940 and served in
the Southwest Pacific Area during World
War II. After the close of the war he
was assigned to duty with the Bureau of
Personnel in Washington as head of the
Personnel Plans Branch, and later was
in command of U. S. S. Hamul, a destroy-
er-tender assigned with the U. S. Naval
forces in European waters.
He is presently on duty as commanding


officer of the U.
Station in Seattle,
Captain and Mr
daughter Joan, are
the Isthmus about
to their daughter
them, they have a


C


Naval


Receiving


Wash.
s. Munroe, and their
expected to arrive on
May 23. In addition
who will accompany
married daughter and


a son who is serving in the Navy.


the bottom of this trench. Half of the
earth is then replaced and another third
of the DDT solution poured over that.
The remaining third is poured over the
refilled trench.
Entomologists become impatient when
termites are called white ants. They
aren't ants at all. For one thing, ants
have slender waistlines. Termites are
relatives of prehistoric cockroaches. They
have caste systems worked out to a
fine point.
Caste System
Dry wood termites have only two
castes: Soldiers, which protect the colony,


and a .reproductive
duces. The colony'.
immature young. (
termites are much s
the subterranean va
The latter have a
Workers, soldiers, ai


form,
s work
Coloni
mailer
riety.
L three
ad the


which repro-
is done by the
es of dry wood
than those of
caste system:
nobility which


is made up of kings and queens and their
alternates.
After the colonizing flight, which occurs
here about the beginning of the rainy
season, a king and queen seal themselves
into their nest. The queen begins to
lay eggs. Like most young couples, just
starting married life, they have to do all
the work themselves at first: The termite
equivalent of cooking, cleaning, and
baby-tending.




May 1, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Santa Cruz


Teacher Combines Love


Ten


Years


Ago


For Teaching,
A. L. B. Morgan, Principal of the
Santa Cruz Elementary School, follows
a moderate middle course in his educa-
tional philosophy and practice.
He has read a lot about the varied ideas
collectively called "progressive educa-
tion," has observed many progressive
changes min the local school system and
combines experience and theory to form
his own educational beliefs.
In his opinion, the old time school
systems that dealt primarily with dis-
cipline and the "three R's" failed to
provide students sufficient experiences
within which their tastes and talents
could be developed.
He recalls that when he first taught
in the Canal Zone, starting in 1921, the
curriculum consisted of reading, writing,
arithmetic, and spelling, which were
"doubled up" to fill a full school day.
Although he would not choose to take
education back to those days, he disagrees
also with the far forward wing of "pro-
gressive education" because he believes
it provides educators too little control
over the development of students.
He thinks children should be guided
by educators to many of the "good
things" to provide a background of
experience before they can be considered
capable of making their own choices.
And on the human side, he adds, "There
may also be nice traits of personality
you can develop."
Curriculum Expanded
Foremost among the improvements in
the local school system since Mr. Morgan
has been teaching in the Canal Zone is,
in his opinion, the great expansion of
curriculum, providing students and teach-
ers a much broader framework within
which aptitudes can be discovered and
developed.
Equipment and teaching methods also
have improved greatly since he first
started teaching at Silver City, he says.
He had taken teacher's training in
Jamaica and served as student teacher
but left the teaching profession to enter
the Armiy during World War I. He
served 32 years with a British West
Indian Regiment in Egypt and Palestine
as a company quartermaster sergeant.
Out of the Army, he first came to the
Isthmus min 1920 and was emnloved as an


Baseball,


Farming


In April

April 15, 1943, was really a big day in
the Canal Zone.
Right hand driving went into effect.
The lights came on again after the


long-time wartime blackout.
Three new highways or se
highways were opened to the pu
Trans-Isthmian Highway north
den Dam; the relocated section
Road on the west side of the Thi
construction area and north


actions of
blic: The
of Mad-
of Bruja
ird Locks
of Mira-


flores Locks; and a relocated and paved


road to Gamboa.
The "drastic changes"
regulations provided that
would be on from sunset to
night and interior lights in
be used all night long, provi
no glare or beam of light
buildings. The Commanc


A. L. B. MORGAN, principal of the Santa Cruz
school, has never missed a day in his 33 years of
teaching.
other vegetables that could have served
as models for seed catalogs.
Mr. Morgan learned some of his
agricultural lessons by teaching them,
in the days that school gardens provided
vocational training in the schools. Prob-
ably he also absorbed some knowledge of
plants and soils from growing up on his
father's farm min Jamaica, where he also
acquired, by doing a lot of riding, a
lifelong interest in horse racing.
A Yankee Fan
Probably his present first sports enthu-
siasm is baseball, more specifically, the
New York Yankees. He explains he
chose them for his own when he first
encountered in the Canal Zone the
American institution of baseball. He
learned to root for the Yankees in the
Babe Ruth days and has never found
any good reason to change his loyalties.
The Santa Cruz School, with its 560
students and 18 teachers, is a demanding
full time job but the Principal always
manages to find time to take part in
many community activities.
He was one of the organizers of the
Gamboa Federal Credit Union, played


min blackout
street lights
11 o'clock at
houses could
ded there was
cast outside
ling General


cautioned, however, that the change "in
no way means that the Canal Zone is out
of danger of attack nor that there can be
any relaxation in the vigilance or alert-
ness of our defense."
Formal -ceremonies attended the opening
of only one of the new Isthmian roads-
the Trans-Isthmian Highway-'"to be
known as the Boyd-Roosevelt Highway."
Panamanian President Ricardo Adolfo de
la Guardia and his cabinet took part in a
ceremony in Colon celebrating the event
and then drove over the new highway to


the Pacific side.
The new road to Gamboa s
distance by about half a mile
a "high crown asphalt road
for modern vehicular traffic.'


road had been relocated from the Madden
Highway underpass to the Chagres River.
Paving was also started in April on
a new section ofBruja Road between Cocoli
and Thatcher Highway.

New Rents Effective On July 5
(Continued from page 1) occupants two
months in advance of the change.
The application of interest will require
the major increases on those houses built
within the past five-year period. Within
this group the increases will amount to
about $20 a month for composite type
houses, such as those in the San Juan
----~ ~ t . * . � . _ i 1


horiened the
znd replaced
too narrow
" The new





14THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW May 1,1953



THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR ANNIVERSARIES

MAY VFW Auxiliary, Past No. 3822 Home. 7:30
2-Track Foremen, Balboa B & B Shops. , 26-Operating Engineers No. 595, Balboa Lodge Emiployees who observed important an ni-
3-VEW Post No. 3857, Cristobal Veterans Club. laill. 7 p. in. versaries during the month of April are
9 a. in. VFW Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building, listed alphabetically below. The number
4- Postal Employees No. 23160, Balboa Lodge Cristoal,7:?30 p. m.-r hrn " asicudsalGvrmn evc
Hli, 7:30 p. rn. American Legion Post No. 7. F-ort Clayton. of yer nldsalGvrmn.evc
Pedro Migtuel Civic Council, Girl Scout IHouse, 7:30 p. m.wt hCalorOergecs.1oe
7 p. . ,,27- Governor.EmployeeCoflfereflCe. Board Roam. with continuous service with the Canal are
Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council, Mar- Administration Building. 2 p. m-irin.~r it *
garita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Auxiliary Unit 2, Legion indicate with (*).
VFW Post No. 727, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m-Home. Old Cristobal. 7:30 p. n. 4 ER
VFW Post No. 3822, Curnmdu Road. 7:30 p. in. JUNE 4 ER
American Legion Post No. 3, Gatun Legion 1-Postal Employees No. 23160. K. of C. Hall. tThomas M. Kaufman, Steam Engi-
Hall, 7:30 p. mn. Margarita. 7:30 p. mn. ,.rTrmnlen-;rn
5-Meatcutters and Butchers No. 121, OfficerY Pedro Miguel Civic Council, Girl Scout House. neer, Terminals Division.
Home. 7:30 p. m.- �,-. 7 P. im / . , . . 35 YEARS
Teachers No. 228. Auditorium, Cristbal High Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council, Mar-
School. 3:30 p. m- . garita Clubhouse. 7:30 p. i. Lester F. Bailey, Accountant, Industrial
Cambos Civic Council, C-ommunity C eitrr. VFW Post No. 727, Fort Clayton. 7 :30 p. mn. Rp
7:30 p. in. VEW Post No. 3822, Curundu Road. 7:30 p. m. Bueuit Gatun Civic Council, Gatun Clubhouse. 7:3-0 American Legion Post 3, Gatun Legion Hall, Paul M. Disharoon, Chief Engineer
p. .ll, , 7:4 2-etutr and Buchr No. 121 Ofcr (Floating Crane), Dredging Division.
Machinists No. 8111 Balboa Ltdge HHo..30 2 Me.tutr 7:30 puchr m.. 12*OLerucille A. Waters, Accounting Clerk,
6-Isthmian Nurses Association, Building 2S3. Gamboa Civic Council, Community Center, Office of the Comptroller.
Gorgas Hospital. S p. m. 7:30 p. m. Avpo
VFW Post No. 40, Win- Memorial Building. Gatun Civic Council, Gatun Clubhouse. 7:30 30 YE-ARS
7 -Marine Enineers. Gamboa Golf Club. 7 p. m.l Machinists No. 811, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 Leo B. Clements, Supervisor, Mainte-
Carpenters and Joiners No. 667, Margarita p. in tnance 1)ivision.
Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. 3Itma ussAscain ulig25 oa0 as conigCek oo
8-Blacksmiths No. 400 with Boilermakers Nos. 3-thman Nursesal Asoiain Buldn m.3 Tonsn 0.r MassnAccountingCekMor
263 and 471, K. of C. HIlI Margarta, 7:30 VFW Post No. 40, Wirz Memorial Building. Transporttion Division.
p. m. 7:30 p. m. John Hower, Senior Chief Towboat
lo-Sheetmetal Workers No. 157, Balboa Club- 4-Marine Engineers, Jewish Welfare Board, 7 Engineer, Dredging Division.
house, Q:3 a. m. .. p. in.
Plumbers No. 696, K. of C. Hall, Margarita, Carpenters and Joiners No. 667, Margarita 25 YEARS
'1:30a. m. Clubhouse. 7:30 p. mn. - T I ITA. , �
Il-Machinists No. 699, K.. of C. Hall. Margarita, 5-American Legilon Post 6, Gainboai Legion C. Roland Jones, Assistant Chief,
Ameica Legio Ps1. Leg io Hoe 7:3 Home. 7:30 p. m. Surveys Branch, Engineering Division.
AmercanLefion ostl. egio Hoe. :30-------------------tThelma S. Rand, Nurse, Gorgas Hospi-
12-Pipefitters, Margarita Clubhouse. 7:30 p. mn. niiMOtal.
Electrical Workers No. 397, W\irz Memorial MY[^ SAILINGS *Carl M. Ruoff, Assistant Supply
EW Pote No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building.___________________________________ Officer. Commissary Division.
Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. �,,20 YEARS
American Legion Post 7, Fort Clayton, From Cristobal
7:30 p. m. Thatcher A. Clisbee, Organizationl and
American Legiion Auxiliary Unit 1, Balboa GristobaL -,------------------ May 1 Mlethods Examiner, Management Division.
Legion Monme, 7:30 p. mn. . ..�*� -iir.
23-Carpenters and Joiners No. 913, Balboa Anton-------------------- ----May 8 Lois M. Johnson, Clerk-Stenographer,
Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. �,�,Mv5 PesnlBrau
Pacific Civic Council, Board Room. Admin- P dn<"mff----------------------May^ 15 Persone BuReau. n ii^ xui
istration Building. 7:30 p. mn. .Citbl��-------a 2"ry" amn Cam xmnr
American Legiion Post No. 2, Legion Home, Crisoal-------------Ma 22 Harry D. RayCmptondlaisexainr
Old Gristobal. 7:30 p.mi. Anron-^-------- --------------- Ma 29 Salvatore Rinaldo, Customs Guard.
17-CLU-MTC, Margarita Clubhouse, 8:30 a. in.
18^-Electrical Workers No. 677, Gatun Masonic From New York 15 YEARS
Temple. 7:30 p. m. .,� -
Truckdrivers, Balboa Lodge Hail. 7:30 p. mn. a m- --Mv5Sp ce M.AdroEctcan
19-Operating Engtineers No. 595, K. of C. waln. Panaa-----------------Ma Pipelner Mucio Drndgersogn, Ecticiain.
Margarita. 7 p. m. C riSlto - ba--------------------- -May~ 12 Piplinep Suto Dredged Dredging Division
Machinists No. 811, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 19 Choarles H. Crawford, Personnel Assist-"
p. in A ncon --------------------------Mayli i anlt, Personnel Bureau.
20-Teachers No. 228, General Library, Balboa Panama-----------------------May 26 Jack B. Egozcue, Cash Accounting
AEG N. 4,Balboa Club-ous.e 7:30 p. m in...o Clerk (Teller), Office of the Comptroller.
American- Legon Auxiiay nt 3Gtu (Northbound, the ships are in Haiti from *George A. Martin, Police Sergeant.
Legion Hall, 7:30 p. in.. -�7a .t on udv otbud h Elo .PeaPlcmn
21-American Legiion Auxiliary Unit 6, (Garboa 7 a. r ono uda;suhon, the *Efdon L. Phean, riPolicema n.fr
Legion Hall. 7:30 p. mn. Haiti stop is Saturday, from 7 a. m. to *Marie A. van Chef, Clerkc, Offce of
25-Machinists No. 699, K. of C. Halt, Margarita 4pi.) the Comptroller.
7:30 p. ni.1P-n- ________________ -�- ____________________________

P ROMOl TlION AkND TRANSFR S of Storehouses, to Gauger and Citne
PRO OTON A D RA SF RSForen a Termi nals Division
I II111Wl *w w **SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
--------------------'-----" ^ ~Arnold Manning, from Apprentice
March 15 Through April 15 Welder, Industrial Bureau, to Storekeeper,
� ~ . Shipping:, Commissary Division.
The following list contains the names of Otis C. Myers, from Construction Mrs. Gladys A. Conley, from Claims
.those V. S.-rate employees who were trans- Engineer to) Supervisory Construction Man- Examiner to Accounting Clerk, Commissary
ferrud from one division to another (unless agemeilt Engineer, Maintenance -1" Division. liiiu
the change is administrative) or from one Nelson 0. Williar, from Planing Mill Mrs Luit M. Flenniken, from
type of work to another. It does not con- Hand to Carpenter Leader and P laning Axccoutiini~g Clerk to Claims Examiner,
la -:in wihh-grade promotionsfl or regradi ngs. Mill Hand, MIaintenance Division. Cmisr iiin
I Alhatt N.r Riunff from Machinist- Iniius- Commissa ry li-_ivision.T>:-*^_o,^





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


School Students

Trip Through Cut


About 400 students from all Canal Zone
high schools and the Junior College
received a first hand view of the Panama
Canal recently on trips through Gaillard
Cut arranged by the Schools Division.
One ferryboat load of about 160
students and faculty members from the
La Boca and Rainbow City High Schools
and the La Boca Branch of the Canal
Zone Junior College made the first trip
through the Cut from Pedro Miguel to
Gamboa on April 15.
The second group of 250 students from
the Junior College and seniors from the
Cristobal and Balboa High Schools took
the trip from Gamboa to Pedro Miguel
on April 24.
Max Hart of the Motor Transportation
Division, a frequent lecturer for tourist
parties, spoke to the students as they
transited the Cut on ferry boats.


Principal commodities shipped through the Canal
(All figures in long tons)
Figures in parentheses in 1938 and 1952 columns indicate
relative positions in those years


___ __ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC
o Third Quarter, Fiscal Year
Commodity-
\ r O i i n u i_ j ----------" ~.. . . . . . . . - -. - - -. .. ... . ......... .. . ._-... . . .. . . ..... . . . . . .
1953 1952 1938
------ - - - -----
Mineral oils .. 1,218,820 838,471 (1) 236,664 (2)
Coal and Coke...... 1,082,798 587,976 (2) 27,867 (13)
Manufactures of iron and steel. 387,190 448,629 (3) 362,008 (1)
Sugar ...... 196,184 58,836 (13) 32.587 (11)
Phosphates .._ 155,959 201,966 (4) 67,518 (6)
Cement --........------. - 110,124 79,497 (8) 26,719(14)
Sulphur- .------ ----------. 89,180 70,642 (11) 44,830 (9)
Paper and paper products .. 83,450 116,138 (5) 90,274 (4)
Machinery ...... 75,191 49,960 (14) 25,179 (17)
Automobiles and accessories ...71,549 85,664 (7) 76,102 (5)
Tinplate �...71,400 73,452 (9) 56,451 (7)
Raw cotton -- ....... ----- 46,764 62,507 (12) I 56,323 (8)
Canned food products .-.-. 31,545 30,611 (21) 32,162 (12)
Ores, various ...----. 22,560 25,809 (28) 7,809 (28)
Ammonium compounds .. 20,587 39,412 (15) 10,409(22)
All others .------- -------- 1,005,290 1,027,901 896,752
Total---------- .----- - 4,668,591 3,797,471 2,049,654


PACIFIC TO


ATLANTIC


Governor Seybold Meets With
Employees At April Conference
(Continue Jfrom page 3) abandoned
12-family houses in Diablo which are to
be torn down; another reduction in force
for the Industrial Bureau (the Governor
said he knew of none in the immediate
future but that this would depend on the
workload); and deferment from Selective
Service of boys who have almost com-
pleted their apprenticeships.
Attending the conference were:
The Governor; E. A. Doolan, Person-
nel Director; and F. G. Dunsmoor,
Administrative Assistant to the Governor-
President; for the Administration.
H. R. Chenevert, Ralph Curles, S. J.
Garriel, E. J. Husted, R. M. Lovelady,
Carl F. Maedl, Willard Percy, and Walter
Wagner, for the Central Labor Union or
affiliated locals; Elmer E. Powell, Marion
J. Goodin, Sam Roe, Jr., and Carl Nix,
for the Civic Councils; Robert C. Daniel,
Railway Conductors; H. C. Simpson,
-.* .... n. _ T_ * Tn TT TT -1 T - -


Commodity


Ores, various ...
Lumber ....
Wheat --------------
Nitrate---.----------
Canned food products_
Bananas ............
Sugar. ...... .. ..
Metals, various .---.--
Refrigerated food produ


cept fresh fr
Mineral oils_
Coffee...
Wool ....
Dried fruit --
Copra ...
Iron and steel
All others ..


uit)-


manufactures_ - -


Total


MONTHLY


Third Quarter, Fiscal


4,610,236


56,751
10,043


4,575,793


COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC A
Vessels of 300 tons net or over
By fiscal years


19
.542
632
267
530
220
20
299
165
106
498
53
37
62
51
2
726


4,313,123


ND TOLLS


TT Le


STATISTICS ON CANAL TRAFFIC
For the purpose of comparison between pre-war and post-war traffic through the Panama Canal, statistics for
the fiscal year 1938 are used in this section, as being more nearly normal for peace time than those for 1939.


TakHigh
Take


May 1,1953





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 1,1953


CANAL


TRAFFIC


Commercial shipping through the Pan-
ama Canal will exceed the 7,000 mark
this fiscal year for the first time in its
history, provided traffic continues at the
present-or even a slightly lower-level.
Statistics compiled by the Manage-
ment Division show that for the first
nine months of fiscal year 1953, the
monthly average has been 613.6 ships
of 300 tons or over.
Monthly average for the four previous
fiscal years were: 1952, 543.6; 1951, 466;
1950, 454; and 1949, 399.4. The monthly
average for fiscal year 1938, considered
the last normal pre-war shipping year,
was 460.
In the first nine months of the present
fiscal year, 5,522 large commercial ships
transited the Canal. This is an increase
of approximately 17 percent over the
number which transited during the first
nine months of fiscal year 1952.
During the first nine months of the
present fiscal year, tolls totaled $23,637,-
000, or approximately 21 percent more
than for the similar period in fiscal
year 1952.


EXPECTED


TO


EXCEED


7,000


MAR


TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES
The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300
net tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:


United


States


Intercoastal ...


East Coast of U. S. and South America.
East Coast of U. S. and Central America .-
East Coast of U. S. and Far East ...
U. S./Canada East Coast and Australasia -
Europe and West Coast oT U. S./Canada .-.
Europe and South America .......
Europe and Australasia
All other routes.-------..--....----


Total


Traffic


Extensive


Overhaul


Third Qi
1953
153


472
147
319
71
179
106
103
376
1,926


quarter, Fis
1952
130
434
131
219
51
189
104
107
277
1,642


sical Year
1938
26�


a


=re
/w
- --c
w -
OB===== o

-


(Na-n
- I,


i


145
30
142
39
271
134
65
296
1,386


Tolls for commercial shipping during
the first three quarters of fiscal year 1952
were approximately $19,618,000. In
1938 tolls amounted to only $17,521,000
for the nine-month period.
In the quarter which was concluded
March 31, the number of large commer-
cial transits totalled 1,926, highest of any
quarter in the Canal's history. To this
were added 306 small commercial craft,
of less than 300 tons, and 369 large and
small government ships, for which tolls
were credited.
Management Division statistics re-
vealed several interesting trends. The rise
in traffic between the East Coast of the
United States and the Far East contin-
ued, being 100 more for this quarter than
for the corresponding quarter in 1952.
Intercoastal shipping was up over the
same quarter in fiscal year 1952, although
it was well below the figure for the pre-


vious quarter of this fiscal year. T
between the East Coast of the U:
States and the South American
Coast also continued to rise, as
A-.-fl',. r-.- v T ^:<-�/ as.n^-


traffic
united
West
did
co.l-


(Continued from page 1) heavy traffic
remained at a comparatively level flow.
Traffic Governed by Lockages
The amount of traffic which can be
handled during an overhaul is more than
cut in half of that which normally tran-
sits and is governed by the number of
lockages which can be made within a
given time period. Throughout the pres-
ent overhaul period the daily average
number of lockages, both at Pedro Miguel
and Miraflores, has been almost at the
rated capacity level with one lane of
traffic out of service.
Twenty-four is about the maximum
number of lockages possible at Mira-
flores during a 24-hour period, even using
all time-saving methods devised. The
number of lockages has averaged above
22 daily throughout this overhaul period
and the daily average for March was 23,
which allows practically no margin for
peak periods.
An indication of the great increase in
Canal traffic during the past two years is
shown in comparative figures for the


The removal of the lock gates, weigh-
ing several hundred tons, has become a
routine although delicate task, but when
the first gate leaves were lifted at Pedro
Miguel Locks in 1929, many weeks were
spent by the engineering forces in
preparing plans and doing the work.
Lifted By Jacks
The gate leaves are lifted by means of
12 hydraulic jacks, each with a lifting
power of 100 tons. The four leaves to the
upper Pedro Miguel Lock gates weigh
493 tons each and the two lower gate
leaves which were removed this year for
overhaul weigh 745 tons each.
Although all of the main lock gates
have now been removed at least once,
none of the intermediate gates nor the
lower guard gates have ever been moved.
The intermediate gates are rarely used
and the sea gates'do not have the stress
of the main gates.
Although the four gate leaves at Pedro
Miguel have been swinging back and
forth for ships for about 40 years no
---- _- A.. .. .l.. ll nnlna..nA ,�,Jn/n


Of Pacific Locks