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Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00108
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: January 1953
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
System ID: UF00097366:00108
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text



PANAMA


x xx,x,x,x,x,x***xxxxxxx x xxx x**


=


Vol. 3, No. 6 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JANUARY 2, 1953 5 cents


PLA NS


ANNOUNCED


FOR


PREMIUM


GRADE


GASOLINE


TO


BE


SOLD


AT


ZONE


RETAIL


SERVICE


STATIONS


FUL


52


Various Alterations
Needed For Handling
Sale Of Two Grades
The sale of high-test gasoline
will be started at the Canal's
retail gas stations as soon as the
necessary arrangements can be
made and a supply of premium
gasoline can be obtained.


interval


about


three


months may elapse before the
first premium grade gas is
available since about 60 days
are required for deliveries after


A HIGHLIGHT of the past year was the arrival of Governor Seybold to begin his term of office


orders


are placed


minor


alterations are required at the
tank farms and at the service
stations.
The high-test gas will be on sale at all
retail stations except at Gatun and Pedro
Miguel where additional '(See pge Is)


There have been few years in the Canal's
history to match 1952 for the constant stream
of news of more than passing interest to
employees and their families. There was
scarcely a week of the past 52 which was not
productive of one or more major news
stories. Personnel changes, Canal traffic,
rents, and the quarters construction program
all made big news during the year. There
were many other items of lesser general
interest. A brief summary of the month-


tion in Ancon, Balboa, Diablo Heights,
Paraiso, Cardenas, Silver City, and Marga-
rita. In addition the Maintenance Division


was assigned quarters construction
totaling over $1,000,000 and bids


awarded for


$325,000 worth of native lum-


ber for the building program.
the Summit townsite devel


The bids for


were


lopment


rejected.
Other news of the month: Announcement
was made that the Locks Security Force
would be organized to replace military
guards at all Locks; Thatcher Ferry hauled
tcM fitNN 0nnth nncpncr'r, thp nit! Anrnn


New Poll
On


icy


Is Announced


Quarters Applications


Applications for assignments to U.


rate quarters will be limited


to three


choices of units by house number, type,
or limited areas, after March 1, and all
applications on file not conforming with
these limitations will be canceled on
a 4 1 *


Of
ofthe Panama Canal Museum

A CANAL. a





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 2,1953


Twin


Pilots


Could


Cause


Panama


Canal


Variety

Under


Subjects


Discussion At


December


Conference


Extended round-table discussions of a
variety of subjects featured the Governor-
Employee Conference in December.
Lt. Gov. H. O. Paxson presided at the
"shirtsleeve" meeting between Canal offi-
cials and employee representatives in the
absence of Governor Seybold who was
unable to attend. The conference was
one of the longest of recent months and
was highlighted by the range of topics of
community and employee interest.
The Rev. P. H. Havener, of the Cristo-
bal-Margarita Civic Council, expressed


the thanks of his group for an opportunity
to discuss plans and possible location of
the future school at Margarita. He said
the invitation to the Civic Council to
participate in a decision on the school's
location had been well received, and he
expressed the hone that this practice


would be continued.


YOU FIGURE them out. One is Panama Canal Pilot Arthur T. Wilder; the other is his identical twin, Albert
L. Wilder, Pilot-in-Training. Both are based on the Atlantic side and live close together in Cristobal.


Panama Canal Pilot Arthur T. Wilder
isn't snubbing his friends these days. If
he's accused of looking the other way,
he blames it on his brother.
The brother is an identical twin,
Albert L. Wilder, Pilot-in-Training, who
let the Canal in for a bit of confusion
when he was employed October 15.
The mixups have been few so far-such
as Arthur's friends finding Albert un-
friendly-but there might be more since
both are pilots with similar haunts and
habits who live within two blocks of each
other near the Inter-American Woman's
Club in Cristobal.
The appearance of Albert on the Pan-
ama Canal scene is just the last of a series
of events and coincidences that have kept
the Wilders, man and boy, together most
of the time.
On one occasion during the war they


were on different ships in the same con-
voy. Arthur's ship was torpedoed on
July 4; Albert's went down the next day.
One was picked up by a rescue ship; the
other by a tanker. Both wound up in a
Russian camp in the timber town of


Mexico, Texas, and Massachusetts), their
choice of vocation and sea-going careers
have paralleled each other.
They attended the Massachusetts Nau-
tical School in Nantucket, then served as
able seamen on the same ship. Their
subsequent promotions ran close together
but prevented them from serving together.
Both worked for the Farrell Lines for
eight years on runs between New York
and South Africa. Both served six
years as captain.
The team broke up when Arthur came
to the Canal Zone in February 1951, and
Albert went into the Navy. Arthur's
interest in the Canal was aroused by a
Farrell Line passenger who showed the
twin the application he was sending for
employment. Then and there the pilot
borrowed from the passenger the applica-
tion form which led to his eventual
employment in the Canal Zone.


Lived In Mexico


Both of the twins had been through the
Canal before they were employed as pilots
and both knew something of Latin Amer-
S2 . 11 - .l 1 --1


The Lieutenant Governor said he was
very pleased to have the report and said
it was the view of the Canal administra-
tion that such exchanges were helpful in
arriving at proper decisions. He said an
effort will be made to get the view of
those utilizing facilities or services prior
to their installation.
Identification System
A subject which was discussed at length
was the possibility of improving the sys-
tem of identification used in the Com-
missaries. H. J. Chenevert, of the
Central Labor Union, started the discus-
sion by asking why it would not be
possible to have employees identified on
entering the retail commissary stores
rather than being required to show iden-
tification at all sales' counters.
Lieutenant Governor Paxson said the
suggestion has many merits and will be
fully investigated. He promised a report
at a later meeting on the result of the
study.


The subject of housing at Pedro
was again brought before the r
conference and the Lieutenant G
told representatives from Pedro


Miguel
monthly
governor
Miguel


Confusion


i. ..





January 2, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Announcement Expected S8

Current Building Program Will Provide

Many Quarters For Large-Sized Families


)on


On


Rents

Work

o Compute


New


FIRST FLOOR PLAN


A NEW TYPE of two-family masonry quarters
will make its appearance in the 1953 fiscal year con-
struction program. The same general floor plan as
shown here will be used for both four-bedroom and
three-bedroom apartments. The floor plan of the
upstairs area of one of the four-bedroom apart-
ments is shown at the right. Nine of the duplex
buildings-18 apartments-will be built, two on Em-
pire Street and 7 at Corozal. The 1953 building
program also provides for the construction of 18
duplexes-36 units-with three bedrooms, all to be


builtatCorozal.
builtc at Corozal.


The current shortage of quarters for
U. S.-rate employees with families of
more than average size will be greatly
alleviated upon the completion of'the
quarters construction programs for the
fiscal years 1952 and 1953.
-. .a . .*< q


SECOND FLOOR PLAN


Canal regul
"large-family'
to employees
ents, or to an
four persons,
*. A 3


nations provide that special
assignments can be made
with four or more depend-
employee with a family of
consisting of himself, his
j S . l *I. 1


Rent Schedule


An announcement of the new schedule
of rents for quarters of U. S.-rate em-
ployees in accordance with adjustments
authorized at the December meeting of
the Board of Directors is expected to be
made within the next few days.
SA complete recomputation of rents has
been required and the effective date for
the new schedule had not been set when
this edition of THE CANAL REVIEW went
to press. Because of the detailed work
involved in computing rents on the new
basis, little, if any advance notice will be
possible before the new rates become
effective.
The announcement of the rents will be
made at the earliest possible date, how-
ever, and employees will be notified indi-
vidually of the rents they will pay as was
done when the raises were announced in
October.
New Rent Basis
The new rent schedule is being based on
the three recommendations of the Rent
Panel which were accepted by the Board
of Directors. These are: (1) The defer-
ment of interest until July 1, 1953; (2)
reduction of the proposed rent increases
on the least desirable housing; and (3)
distribution of the vacancy factor evenly.
The Board did not accept the Rent
Panel's fourth recommendation which
was to give consideration to the exclusion
of all or part of the special charges in-
eluded in the rental base imposed princi-
pally because of geographical location.
In an announcement following the Di-
rector's meeting, it was stated that the
Board carefully reviewed and considered
the Panel's findings and recommendations
and other important aspects of the rent
problem, such as the depreciation periods
for various types of structures and the
possibility of further writeoffs for obsolete
buildings.
The extent of the rental decreases from
the schedule announced in October is
expected to vary widely since the Board


Much Detail

Required T


"





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 2, 1953


Pearline


Carter,


Principal


26,


Canal 2


youngest
one Schools


New House Assignments
to be Made January 16
Assignments to eight new houses under
construction in Margarita and those in
Ancon which have not already been as-
signed will be made January 16 on the
basis of applications received by the
closing hour of 4:15 on that date.
The assignments will be made some
time before many of the houses are
completed to permit the assignees to move
into the new quarters as soon as they are
ready for occupancy.
* After January 16, there will be no
further special assignments on the basis of
applications received before that date.
There are 36 apartments in the group to
be assigned in Ancon, including 22 cot-
tages and 7 duplex houses. They will be
ready for occupancy as they are com-
pleted starting about the first of January.
Eight new houses in the Ancon develop-
ment have been occupied and eight
others have been assigned.
There are four cottages and four du-
plexes in the group to be assigned in
Margarita, all of which are located on
First Street. It is expected that they will
be ready for occupancy starting about
the first of February.


YOUNGEST PRINCIPAL in any of the Canal
Zone schools and one of two women principals in the
colored schools is Pearline Carter, 26, shown here with

Although she is only 26 years old,
Pearline Carter holds a double distinction.
She is not only the youngest principal in
the Canal Zone schools but she is also one
of only two women principals in the
colored schools. The other woman prin-
cipal is Juliette Carrington of the Paraiso
school.
Tradition was upset at the beginning
of the school year when the two women
were appointed to positions which had
always been held by men, except for a
brief period some years ago.
Miss Carter, in addition to handling a
job new to her sex, is also having to
adjust to an entirely new community.
Born in Panama City, she had spent her
entire-if not very long-life on the
Pacific side.
Normal School Graduate
She went through school in La Boca
and was graduated from the La Boca
Normal Training School in 1947. Until
L1 i iJ - p 1 P i1


two young students, Carlos Archibald and Donna
Gibbs. Miss Carter heads the faculty of the Chagres
School at Gatun.

One Wednesday evening recently, Miss
Carter and some of her teachers met with
a group of parents to work out plans for
the Christmas pageant. This was similar
to the highly successful "Christmas in
Other Lands" which she directed the
year before in La Boca.
About 100 of the school's 260 kinder-
garten through eighth grade students par-
ticipated in the pageant, half as actors and
half in a choral group. They presented
typical Christmas scenes from England,
France, Germany, the Scandinavian coun-
tries, Italy, Holland, and America, with
Christmas music from each country.
A narrator explained each country's
traditions and provided a running account
while the actors moved from one scene to
another. For several weeks in advance of
the presentation the Chagres students did
the necessary research and background
for this program.
/^ ~ S aij�* R ~ ir. ("'no AO^ y~*4-


Current Building Program Provides Quarters
(Continued from page 3) period and are re-
served for official assignments.
The present shortage of family quarters
suitable for families of above average size
has been induced to a great extent by the
construction a large number of small
units during the expansion program at the
beginning of the war. During that time
the need for housing of a large number of
employees was so acute the emphasis of
the construction program was on numbers
rather than size. Consequently, the num-
ber of twelve-family and four-family
apartment buildings with one or two
bedrooms to an apartment is completely
out of proportion to the requirements.
This condition will be gradually ad-
justed as the long-range quarters con-
struction program progresses. While the
number of apartments available for spe-
cial large-family assignments will not be
adequate until near the end of the pro-
gram, it is anticipated that the present
shortage of quarters available for fami-
lies of above average size will be alleviated
*4I-k n' ci , I x. V4ril/l- n r ,' n fS^V





January 2, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTEREST


GUIDA


IDENT


PREVENTION


THE SAFETY ENGINEER AND SAFETY


The National Safety Council has
pointed out in a series of articles that the
key man in the prevention of accidents is
the boss. In the case of the Panama
Canal Company that person is usually a
U. S.-rate foreman, an assistant manager,
a leadingman, or a local-rate sub-foreman.
Though the key men are these bosses,
they must have help from others in order
to put over a successful safety program.
The importance that management plays
in this help has already been pointed out
in a previous article. The necessity for
being a good boss and knowing how to
handle the worker has also been discussed.
Next most important person is the
safety engineer and inspector.
The profession of safety engineering is
comparatively new to industry, and only
lately has it been possible to obtain formal
education leading to a college degree in
the field. Thus, at present, most safety
personnel are self-made men, having
started in some other profession or trade.
Then through humanitarian interest, per-
sonal experience and application have
acquired the knowledge and know-how to
do safety engineering.
Often, they have themselves been
workers, then the bosses in the very field


HONOR ROLL
Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
November
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU

AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR
Community Services -.-.....
Industrial ..
Civil Affairs . ...... .
Engineering and Construction ...
H health . -... .........- -
Marine ------........................
Railroad and Terminals.........._
Supply and Service ice....


that you, as a boss, are engaged in now.
It cannot be said of them, as is said often
of newly graduated engineers, that their
knowledge has all come from books. Let
us rather say that their safety work is the
practical application of the book knowl-
edge in safety that they have been able
to acquire.
However, the different slant in accident
prevention that the Panama Canal Com-
pany's safety personnel are able to give
the boss and the worker is sure to help
them to work more safely and efficiently,
no matter how little their formal educa-
tion in safety may have been.
The National Safety Council points out
that too often management appoints a
safety engineer, inspector, or assistant and
then forgets about safety. They can no
more do this and expect to lower their
accident rate, than they can give a me-
chanic a picture with no steel and hope
that he will build machines.
Responsibility for safety cannot be dele-
gated in this way any more than the
responsibility for production would be.
Safety engineers and inspectors are em-
ployed to advise and make recommenda-
tions for the safety of the employees and
property of the Panama Canal Company.
This also may involve procedures in oper-
ations and production if the methods
being used are not as safe as they should be.
Accident prevention is the work done
before the accident occurs. Prevention is
the process of knowing the probable cause
of accidents, recognizing their possibility
and actually doing something to eliminate
the hazard.
The work done after an accident has
occurred is not prevention and is not the
main purpose of safety work. It is only an
attempt to derive some good from the loss
that has occurred by definitely establishing
the cause of the accident. Then, with the
cooperation of the boss and his workers,
the unsafe conditions and procedures can
ft^ rti1�W ;-,,r4--^/4 ;,t ,f-t*� , -h * - ^U i+ v^ .. .rtl/i/vlt


not consider it their job to "put the
finger" on some boss, or worker, for
lapses in safety precautions or negligence
in accident prevention. It is for manage-
ment to decide the merits of the case
and the disciplinary action to be taken.
The good safety engineer and inspector
strive at all times to gain the good will of
the boss and his workers in order that
they will cooperate with him in the con-
stant job of finding safer and more effi-
cient ways to do the work.
If the boss has rightfully assumed the
responsibility for the safety of all em-
ployees and property under his super-
vision, if he has properly trained and in-
structed his workers and sees that they
work safely at all times, then neither he
nor the safety inspector has to be at the
scene of a probable accident to carry on
effective work in accident prevention.
In order for this work to be done well,
it is agreed that all safety personnel and
bosses must have the full support and
interest of management from the top on
down. It is an established axiom in safety
work that the attitude of the boss toward
safety determines the attitude of the
employees under him toward accident
prevention.
The prime effort of all safety personnel,
which includes the Safety Branch, all
safety engineers, inspectors, and assist-
ants, is to make their safety activities the
foundation for the building of a great deal
of good will, by approaching safety al-
ways with the idea that it is for the wel-
fare of the employee.
It is felt that this spirit will be appre-
ciated and the employee will return the
effort in their behalf by becoming more
safety-conscious and promoting safety on
the job for themselves.
Therefore, give your safety engineers,
inspectors, and assistants a hand. They
are here to work with you and for you in
any way which will prevent future acci-
,t/imfo -nA.t, 4-baf i/v nan rnnnn,, 4. 1nn 4..,. 4-tk ,





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 2,1953


Panama


Railroad


Employees


Organized


in


Six


Unions


With


Membership


of


75


4* t* .1
M^=:..!.l3ttsa
tea;'&�' /"/;BW4


*<%~fl
~


T. M. GOODING, General Chairman, Division
107, Order of Railroad Telegraphers
The 100 U. S.-Rate employees of the
50-mile transcontinental Panama Rail-
road are organized into six railroad unions,
with a total membership of about 75.
By far the oldest unit of the present
Canal organization, the Panama Railroad
also has two of the oldest local labor
organizations.
Tropical Lodge 158 of the Brotherhood
of Railway Carmen of America and Divi-
sion 107 of the Order of Railroad Tele-
graphers both were organized in the Canal
Zone in 1913, a year before the Panama
Canal was opened to world commerce.
One of the railroad unions is the
smallest in the Canal Zone, Local 133 of
the Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen
of America, which has two members.
The largest of the local railroad unions
is Diablo Division 49 of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers, in which there
are 25 members.
Second and third largest are Division
No. 690 of the Order of Railway Conduc-
tors of America, with a membership of
about 15, and Lodge 2741 of the Brother-
hood of Maintenance of Way Employees
which has 14 members.
All the unions except the Locomotive
Engineers and the Railway Conductors


JESSEE CRAWFORD, President, Lodge 274
Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees


< i~t
fc/ -


S. J. DEAVOURS, Chief Engineer, Diablo Division
49, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers


%A
** � *
x' '


F. A. McGUINNESS, Chief Conductor, Division
No. 690, Order of Railway Conductors
carmen are often specialists in certain
phases of work but on the Panama Rail-
road, which has comparatively few em-
ployees, a carman and his helper must be
able, if necessary, to build a car from the
rails up.
The Lodge is now headed by Douglas
Shelton, President, and Robert Ward,
Secretary-Treasurer, both of whom are
car inspectors in the Panama yard.


DOUGLAS SHELTON, President, Local 158,
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen
also as dispatchers and the others are
retired.
Thomas M. Gooding, Agent Operator
and Train Dispatcher at the Panama City
passenger station, is General Chairman of
the Local. He was employed in July 1941
as a telegraph operator for the Railroad.
He has held his present position since


August 1949.
Ollie B. Welch, General
in. nf l . T " _* - /In


Secretary and


/-





January 2,1953


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


1952


page 1) Governor of the
The General Committee of


Civic Councils voted to establish the Canal
Zone Community Chest as an autonomous
organization. Formal transfer of the Coro-
zal area was effected and the Maintenance
Division moved into the area to begin
clearing and grading. Col. Herbert D).
Vogel, Lieutenant Governor, received notice
of his assignment as Division Engineer of
the Southwest Engineer Division. Edward
R. Japs was appointed Superintendent of
Storehouses to succeed Jerome F. Prager
who retired in April. Edward H. Halsall
was appointed Chief of the new Locks
Security Force. In a popular election spon-
sore] by THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW the
residents of Silver City and Camp Coiner
voted overwhelmingly to change the name
of their towh to Rainbow City, and Gov.
Francis K. Newcomer issued the necessary
order.
MAY
More changes among top administra-
tive officials of the Canal organization
were made or announced during May
than in any similar period in more than
40 years. The list of changes included
the Governor, Lieutenant Governor,
Finance Director, Health Director, Ma-
rine Director, Secretary of the Panama
Canal Company, Superintendent of
Corozal Hospital, Chief Quarantine
Officer, Military Assistant to the Gover-
nor, and Chief of the Civil Intelligence
Branch. Governor and Mrs. Newcomer
sailed for the States early in the month
for retirement in San Antonio, Tex.,
after completing his 4-year term of
office during one of the most critical
periods in the Canal's history. Colonel
Vogel was Acting Governor for two
weeks before his departure for his new
assignment. Capt. Robert M. Peacher
became Acting Governor May 23 and
served until the arrival of Governor
Seybold early in June. Governor Sey-
bold took the oath of office as Governor
in the office of the Secretary of the
Army in Washington. The oath was
administered by Secretary Pace. It was
a precedent-making ceremony since he


PANAMA_


CANAL


.y i


Official


'anama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Printing Plant
Mount Hove, Canal oane
Jonr S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President


H. O. PAXSON, Lieutenant Governor
E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary


EVENTFUL


(Continued from
Canal Zone.


was the first to take office while outside
the Canal Zone.
The appointment of Lindsley H. No-
ble as Comptroller of the Panama Canal
Company was announced. Robert C.
Walker arrived to begin his new duties
as Chief of the Civil Intelligence Branch
succeeding Earl J. Williamson who re-
signed to accept a position with another
Government agency. The appointment
of Dr. Walter G. Nelson to succeed Dr.
W. F. Ossenfort as Chief Quarantine
Officer was announced. James C.
Hughes resigned as Secretary of the
Panama Canal Company to accept a
position with the Atomic Energy Com-
mission and his place was taken by
W. M. Whitman, Assistant Chief of the
Canal's Washington Office. The ap-
pointment of Brig. Gen. Don Long-
fellow as Health Director at the con-
clusion of Maj. Gen. George W. Rice's
duty with the Canal was announced.
Another important change in the
Health Bureau was the retirement of
Col. George E. Hessner as Superin-
tendent of Corozal Hospital. William
H. Dunlop retired as Finance Director
at the end of the month and Ira L.
Wright was appointed Acting Finance
Director.
JUNE
Governor Seybold arrived with Mrs. Sey-
bold on the Panama liner Panama early
Monday morning, June 9, for a busy first
day in the Canal Zone. They were given a
public welcome that night at the Balboa
Stadium which was attended by a capacity
crowd from all walks of life and from all
over the Isthmus. Within a few days after
his arrival the new Governor began a round
of visits tb Canal installations to become
acquainted with personnel and operations.
The appointment of Col. Harry 0. Paxson
as Lieutenant Governor was announced.
Col. George K. Withers received news of his
transfer to another assignment with the
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and the
appointment of his successor, Col. Craig
Smyser, as Engineering and Construction
Director, was announced a few days later.
Captamin Peacher left for the States and was
succeeded as Marine Director by Capt.
Marvin J. West, then Balboa Port Captain.
Capt. Horatio A. Lincoln was appointed
Balboa Port Captain. Capt. Earl J. Wilson
succeeded Maj. Charles Bart as head of
the ROTC in the Canal Zone.
JULY
July 4th was celebrated in grand style
and Governor Seybold made the princi-
pal address at the patriotic exercises
held that afternoon in Balboa Stadium.
Lieutenant Governor Paxson, General
Longfellow and Colonel Smyser all
arrived with their families on the mili-
tary transport Gibbons on July 10. They
were met at shipside by the Governor
and other Canal officials.
Corozal Post Office was closed at the
end of the month. John A. Schneider
retired after 23 years of service, of which
the last ten were as Secretary to the
- - - -


he announced the principal actions of
the Board, the most important for
employees being approval of an in-
crease in rents. The concerted fight by
employees for lower rents began in
earnest at the end of the month when
individual notices of their new rents
were mailed to employees.
A. C. Medinger, Deputy Marine Di-
rector, was appointed Railroad and
Terminals Director, and Edward N.
Stokes was named Chief of the Rail-
road Division.
OCTOBER
A mass meeting to protest the rent in-
creases was held in Balboa Stadium and a
committee composed of Civic Council and
Labor representatives was organized to
conduct the light.
Gasoline prices dropped and the Commis-
sary D)ivision announced price cuts on a
number of fast-selling items. The lower
prices were made possible by the realign-
ment of Canal activities under which various
services for employees were relieved of any
, cost of civil government.
Governor Seybold announced late in the
month that the effective date of the rental
increases would be postponed six weeks and
that a public hearing would be held.
A complete new set of monthly records
for ship traffic was made in October, which
included new figures for tolls, transits, cargo,
and lockages.
The Canal's Washington Office was
moved to 101 Indiana Avenue, and B. F.
Burdick retired after serving as Chief of
Office since 1939.
NOVEMBER
All Canal news for this month was
overshadowed by the Rent Panel
hearings which were held in the Fern
Room of the Tivoli Guest House. The
story of the proceedings was told in
eight-column banner headlines for a
full week by the daily press.
End-of-the-year news began to show
up: The License Bureau began ac-
cepting applications for new car li-
censes and a drawing was held for the
low numbers. Balboa High School de-
feated Cristobal High for the football
championship of the Canal Zone and
then beat the Lake Worth, Fla., team
to reach a new high in their sports
calendar.
Plans for handling traffic during the
Pacific Locks overhaul were announced
by the Marine Director.
John D. Hollen arrived to head the
Plant Inventory and Appraisal Staff of
the Comptroller's Office which wall
make an inventory of the Canal's
capital assets. Lt. William G. Nolan,
of the Fire Division, was named to
head Civil Defense work.

DECEMBER
An announcement at Balboa Heights
brought the welcome news that studies
were being resumed on conversion of the
fi nnal 7nne Pnwrsr cvctpm tn 6f�)lt. *.lc. rur-


1


t


t





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 2,1953


INTERSECTION OF LAS CRUCES TRAIL with Madden Highway


The lily pond at the CANAL ZONE EXPERIMENT GARDENS AT SUMMIT


- t t*** .v. *. tj *q -


GEORGE W, GREEN MEMORIAL PARK


\
___________________ A4


Season


Days


Explore


("
-
- '- - e., .-
/ . - - - 4 .
. - .
- A - ** . a - ..


LAS CRUCES TRAIL
A large part of the Isthmus is centuries
deep in the most dramatic kind of history,
some of the most exciting of which re-
volved around Las Cruces Trail.
Present-day Isthmians who like jungle
junkets frequently follow traces of the
trail's cobblestones, sometimes finding
relics along the route left by the Conqui-
stadores or Forty-niners.
For others, who prefer vicarious his-
torical adventures in smaller and more
comfortable portions, there is a small
picnic area, with an oven and table, at
the juncture of the trail with Madden
Highway. The spot is marked by the
cannon and the sign shown in the picture
above, left.
Colonists, conquerors, exploiters, trad-
ers, and various shades of brigands trav-
eled the trail from the early 1500's until
the advent of the Panama Railroad in
1855.
The lines of demarcation that classified
the travelers as to their missions and
motives were so finely drawn historians
have been hard put to label many of them
as belonging definitely to one group or
the other.
Panama A Transit Point
The city of Panama, which served as
a transit point for goods between Spain
and her New World colonies, was founded
by Spanish colonists from the Atlantic
side of the Isthmus 5 years after the
Pacific was first sighted by Balboa
in 1513.
Further Spanish exploration, aimed


originally
n.**� '


at finding
* 4 * *


a new route for the


Dry


Time


Now is the time for outing-minded
Isthmians to take to their own outdoors.
The weathermen's theoretical tropical
front has followed the sun south of Pan-
ama taking along the tropical rains that
fall in its vicinity and leaving the Isthmus
swept by the trade winds that blow in
search of the front.
All of which only goes to show it's dry
season on the Isthmus-time for picnics,
time for trips, and time to explore the
outdoors.


January 2,1953





January 2, 1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Are Outdoor Days-

Isthmian Sights

Las Cruees Trail was the overland por-
tion of the route that led from the Atlantic
coast up the Chagres River to the settle-
ment of Cruees (on the Chagres River
about lj miles above the present town
of Gamboa) or to Gorgona (almost 2
miles northwest of Gamboa on the present
line of the Canal), and 18 miles overland
to Panama.
Rainy Season Route
Las Cruees Trail was the rainy season
route, longer than El Camino Real but
cheaper and more generally used for the
transport of heavier commodities.
The enormous quantities of gold and
silver that were transshiped at Panama
following Pizarro's conquests in Peru
starting in 1524 usually were transported
on the Royal Road because of the timing
of the shipments.
Depradations on treasure-laden Span-
ish galleons by English corsairs and "sea
rovers" of other nationalities resulted
in the establishment in 1537 of a convoy
system for vessels sent from Spain to
pick up precious cargoes from the Isthmus
and Mexico.
The regular trips (usually semi-annual)
of the well guarded treasure fleets up to
1748 were timed to arrive during dry
season on the Isthmus to take advantage
of favorable trade winds.
In the wake of the Spanish and the
gold came a succession of marauders,
many of whom used Las Cruces Trail in
the course of their depradations.
First there were the corsairs of the
16th century, most notable of whom was
Sir Francis Drake who followed the trail
from Cruces for a bold but unsuccessful
strike at a treasure-laden pack train from
Panama.
In the 17th Century there were the
buccaneers, most famous of whom was
Henry Morgan, who also chose the Las
Cruces route for the trans-Isthmian trek
that ended in the destruction of Panama
City.
18th Century Pirates
In the 18th Century there were pirates,
another brand of sea rover, who claimed
allegiance only to themselves-like the
4 4 - * . -s-�J


. L A


AT SANTA CLARA, in the "interior" of Panama.


BEACH SCENE AT LA VENTA near Santa Clara on the National Highway


THE ISLAND OF TABOGA





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 2,1953


Tourist


Visitors


Like


Canal


Zone;


Guides


Like


To


Tell


Them


About


It


TOURIST SIGHTSEERS off the SS Jamaica learn about the Panama Canal from Max R. Hart (shown with megaphone) lecturer for tourist parties.


The visitors are preparing


to debark at Pedro Miguel after a trip through Gaillard Cut on the tug Culebra.


Tourists, they're wonderful, according
to Max R. Hart and Edward M. Barlow
who have lectured to thousands of them.
The long-time tour guides say the visitors
think the Isthmus is pretty wonderful too.
They believe one ocean is higher than
the other-otherwise why are there locks?
They find it hard to understand that
water runs downhill-at least insofar as
that explains the operations of the Canal.
So there are a practical joking few who
get the idea themselves and find for the
others a mythical pumphouse and keep
everyone satisfied.
Some visitors expect to find lots of
alligators swimming around in the Canal,
until they conclude from the price of
hides that other tourists made off with
them, in the form of wallets, bags, and
shoes from Central Avenue and Front
Street.
They expect border barriers between
4-k,. C'.t 1 77~in *7fc..rfA P.i- . 1 U- vtri f n v- fA A 4

The lecturers sum it all up this
"There are so many nice people a
tourists."
This mutual admiration society
ishes best during the dry season
there are the most tourists-some


way:
mong
flour-
when
times


up to as many as 500 off a single big
cruise ship.
Mr. Barlow-everyone calls him "Bar-
ney"-Control House Supervisor at Mira-
flores Locks, has been lecturing in off-duty
hours to tourists and Isthmians for about
35 years.
His talks are part of the package shore
excursions handled by Boyd Brothers and
Panama Tours.
He also talks to the passengers on the
big New Zealand Line ships that transit
the Canal, circulating among the crowd,
being sociable and answering questions.
Lectures To Armed Forces


For many years he has given


his time


P. . 1.. 1 Pl - -1-.. *-


drivers of the cars that are used for shore
excursions for the tourist parties. Accord-
ing to some of them, there are three kinds
of blossoms to be seen on the Isthmus-
the Summer Flower, the Panama Rose,
and the Shower Tree.
Women also want to know where to
shop but since the lecturers can show no
preferences, Mr. Hart, for instance, tells
them:
"In my family we have an agreement.
I make the money and my wife spends it,
so I know nothing about shopping."
The English are the most serious in
their quest of solid facts and also seem
most appreciative of the Canal as an
engineering feat.
"We consider the Canal the eighth
wonder of the world and think the other
seven don't count," a British traveler on
one of the New Zealand ships once told
one of the lecturers.
Tbl~ ecrni n4f fTv~n +~vnnrrnlnc. AnnfnrrnTnno





January 2,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


(Continued from page 10) in construc-
tion days. According to the story, the
sign originally read, "Life is just one
damned thing after another."
After one of the disastrous slides that
plagued the work in Gaillard Cut, the
word "thing" was changed to "slide"
without the Colonel's knowledge. The
office messenger who perpetrated the
deed-and the Colonel was not known for
levity-received, instead of a reprimand,
a two-cent an hour raise in pay.
Another of the incidents sometimes
related as the tourists pass the slide area
of Gaillard Cut deals with the little island
that appeared in the Canal after one of
the pressure-type slides that pushed
earth up from below the Canal. A prank-
ster planted the British flag on the little
island, causing a bit of a hullabaloo if no
real international complications.
Gold In Gold Hill
Gold Hill, the lecturers sometimes tell
the tourists, was so named because of the
supposed vein of gold there that was
mentioned in a prospectus put out by
. French financiers to enlist financial back-
ing for the French attempt to build the
Canal.
To illustrate the value of the Canal,
visitors are told about the construction-
day trip of the tug Reliance which was
sent 10,500 miles around South America
to get it from the Atlantic to the Pacific
side of the Isthmus before the opening of


the Canal.
Highlights concerning some of
interesting ships that have transited
Canal are standard fare for most of


the
the
the


lectures given by Mr. Hart and Mr.
Barlow.
For instance, the 53,000-ton Bremen
was the biggest ship to transit and was,
incidentally, one of the many on which
Mr. Barlow has lectured. The British
battleship H. M. S. Hood paid the most
in tolls and Richard Halliburton paid 36
cents when he swam through the Canal.
Note takers whip out pens and pencils
about halfway through most lectures and
busily compile throughout the trip the
basis for what are assumed to be future
Garden Club and Chamber of Commerce
lectures. About 10 percent of most tour-
ist crowds take notes on what they see.


Generally, the lecturers start their
talks with the most important facts first,
attempting to anticipate the majority of
questions that would be asked by the
tourists.


Auditors want to know


about tolls,


which interest everyone. Engineers, of
course, want to know engineering details
of the Canal and the Locks.
The lecturers learn the facts they spiel
from many different sources. Mr. Barlow
says if you live in the Canal Zone, as he
has, for more than 37 years, you just
wouldn't be very bright if you didn't
absorb a lot of lore. Mr. Hart has been
around for awhile too; he came to the
Isthmus in 1920.
"Understudy" System
The lecturers also have an "under-
study" system by which the most experi-
enced lecturer talks from the front of the
ferry and the "understudies" with less
experience are stationed on other corners
so that all the tourists in large groups can
hear one of them talking.
Present lecturers acknowledge their
debt to many lecturers who went before
them. Starting in Canal construction
days the waterway attracted so many
tourists that the Canal had its own official
guide who handled special "rubberneck"
trains and gave regular lectures to the
visitors concerning the Canal and its
surroundings.
Since that time there have been a num-
ber of people who have lectured about the
Canal, most of whom were Canal em-
ployees who handled tourist parties in
their off-duty hours.
Among the well-known lecturers of
recent years who learned about the Canal
while it was being built were R. T. Toone,
O. T. Marstrand, George A. Dryden,
L. L. Gilkey, and William E. Tragsdorf,
some of whom continued to handle tour-
ist parties in the Canal Zone after their
retirement from Canal service.
Although the lecturers try very hard to
explain the Isthmus to visitors they never
know just how much of what they say
soaks in. If they fail to make tourists
understand some of the many details, it
is not surprising in view of the many
facts with which they can confuse their
hearers.


HOuSeS


Termite Proofed


New houses in Canal communities are
being termite-proofed by 'treating the
soil under building slabs and adjacent to
the structures with anti-termite solutions.
The termite proofing is being done for
the first time this year in Canal houses
constructed by contractors. The Grounds
Maintenance Division is also giving the
anti-termite treatment to some other
houses built within the past two or three
years.
The termite proofing done before
houses are built consists of using a sodium
arsenite and water solution under the
slabs to be enclosed by walls, and a DDT
and oil solution around adjacent slabs,
for carports, porches, and other covered
areas, as well as on a strip of topsoil three
feet wide around the perimeter of the
building.
For houses that are already built, a
DDT and oil solution is layered in an
area about a foot wide and a foot deep
immediately adjacent to the building.
Termite proofing of this type has
been done for several years in other areas
and in some places on the Isthmus and
has proved effective in keeping termites
out of buildings for a period of at least
five years.


Ten
In


ears


Ago


December


The luck of the Irish was with Private
James Alexander Finnel Hoey of Camp
Paraiso, originally from Belford on the
Emerald Isle, when he became the first
of more than 200 foreign-born soldiers min
the U. S. Army on the Isthmus to acquire
citizenship here under provisions of the
Second War Powers Act.
The naturalization proceedings were
handled by Deputy Commissioner Thomas
B. Shoemaker, who visited the Isthmus in
December 1942, granting citizenship to
eligible servicemen outside the jurisdic-
tion of United States naturalization courts.


Australian pine branches fastened on
a bamboo framework, ingenious products of
the Canal Zone Experiment Gardens, proved
i *1^ /fl i. a~-**






THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 2, 1953


The first really new development in men's
shoes in 20 years, according to long-time


New
Shoes
For Men


shoe buyers, is a new patented
process used in the manufacture
of Bates Floaters, a new light-


weight


casual


that has caused


quite a stir in the shoe business.
The Commissary Division is one of the first
retail outlets to put the new shoe on sale.
The new patented construction by Bate;
brought crowds to their display rooms, the
likes of which are seldom or never occasioned
by any kind of men's shoes, which ordinarily
are purchased in a perfunctory manner be-
fitting such a stable product that is usually
the same from year to year.
Although the new BIates shoes are com-
paratively inexpensive-about $8.95 in the
Commissaries-they will turn up in the most
exclusive stores which ordinarily handle only
the best and at properly exclusive prices.
Main difference in the new shoes is their
amazing lightness which results from the
elimination of considerable stitching and
extra pieces involved in fastening the uppers
to the thick foam rubber soles.
The Bates Floaters in the Commissaries


are in white buckskin or in smoke,


amber-


tone, or yellow chamois.
A new style is also being added to the
Commissary line of Stetson shoes for men-
which are as fine in quality as almost any
men's shoes sold anyplace. The new style,
called "Grenadier, is a medallion-tipped
oxford in harvest tan calf skin. It will be in
the stores starting in January and will cost
about $16.95. Like the seven other styles of
Stetson shoes for men sold by the Commis-
saries, they will cost considerably less than
in United States retail stores.


The Manager of the Wholesale Shoe Sec-
)n at Mount Hope, who has just returned
)m a buying trip to the annual Shoe Fair
Chicago and to New York and Boston,


says heavy purchases of shoes were being
made by buyers in anticipation of expected
price increases in the spring, expected to
stem from increased labor costs and a steady
rise in leather prices.
The supply of shoes purchased for the
Commissaries-at the current prices-was
slightly larger than ordinary in anticipation
of the increases.


Duncan Htin
eating, helped
Duncan Hines
Cake Mix


es, far-famed guide to good
develop and has given hi '


name to a ne
which will be
Con missaries


anuary.


w cake mix
sold in the


starting


It was stocked as


a result of the rave ratings it was given by
Canal people who got acquainted with the
new product while they were on vacation in
the United States.
The Commissaries will have yellow, white,
in /It Acii-l '^ {fctif! in thio ncu gtlrT inr"i n -l'Ttit�-


players, and are expressly manufactured
for tropical play. They come in pressure-
packed, factory-fresh cans of four balls
which cost 60 cents each.


kinds of lawn equipment available in the


commissaries.
You can feed


your


ns as you


them-and your plants and flowers


water
too-


with a really amazing little gadget, a Rieger
Hose-Line Feeder to be attached to a hose
or sprinkler. You put Vitalizer tablets


(concentrated fertilizer) in the tubelike
device, attach it to your hose or sprinkler,
and let the water do your fertilizing.
A kit consisting of the Hose-Line Feeder
and 500 tablets, enough to treat 10,000
square feet about five times, costs $3.40.
A new automatic sprinkler is also avail-
able which has a control with which you set
the area, from 5 to 50 feet,
For Lawns which you want to spray.
And Gardens This Sunbeam Rain King
costs $7.15. Other sprink-
lers range in price from 58 cents to $5.65.
The Commissaries also have garden hose:
of rubber in 25-foot length, $4.50, and 50-
foot length, $8.50; and plastic, which,
incidentally, shouldn't be used with hot
water, in 50-foot length for $7.60. Hose
accessories available in the stores include
connectors, coupling clamps, and washers.
There is also a new kind of hose nozzle in
the stores with which you dial the kind of
spray you want.
Children will want to get in the swim of
things with new rubber swim masks and
fins which are new in the Commissaries.
The masks, for underwater inspections, will
cost about $2.00. The fins, which are ducky
appendages, will be about $5.95.


Slazenger
used for the
Slazenger
Tennis Balls


tennis balls, which have been
championships at Wimbledon
since 1902, are now available
in the Commissaries. They
were ordered from England,
at the request of local tennis


New men's trousers, of many kinds, will
start arriving in the stores this month and
will continue to come into the Commissaries
through February and on into the spring.
There will be Hollywood models, for the
gay blade set, and many more conservative
styles. All of them will be popularly priced.
Materials for those now on order include
combinations of dacron, rayon, and mohair;
rayon and orlon; and rayon and nylon.
There will also be trousers of all wool sheen
gabardine; Palm Beach cloth; acetate shark-
skin; all wool flannel; rayon tropical and
rayon shantung; and even faded blue denim.


For bachelor girl cooks and busy house-
wives, there is a new frozen chicken pot pie
in the Commissaries. A package of 8 ounces
costs 49 cents and involves no more work
than heating.


"Panama"
Cross to a ne
New Color
For Spring
starting in th


is the name given by Red
w spring line of women's shoes
in a new color (beige or sand,
in non-copywriter language)
that will be "the thing" in all


kinds
,e spring.


women's


clothes


Three of the new casual shoes in the new
kind of beige, to be featured in spring ad-
vertising by Red Cross, will be available in
the Commissaries, probably in January or
February, possibly even before they are
shown in national ads.
Other new shoes in the new color, by
Penaljo, will be in the Commissaries when
they appear in national advertising.


"Inj
agers,
month
made
manuf


un Sneaks" new for misses and teen-
also will be in the stores starting this
. They're a new kind of moccasin
by Trimfoot and promoted by the
acturer with a lot of "Iniun"


advertising.


SOMETHING NEW IN LISTENING ENTERTAINMENT


Columbia
records have


of record


records


and RCA Victor


new 45 r. p. m. method


ding


"extend


What it amounts to is tha
one popular or classical r
each side of the regular
r. p. m. record, there are


each side,
8 minutes


total playing tin
per side. This


ed play."
instead of


recording on
7-inch 45
now two on
ze from 6 to
means that


10 extended-play 45 r. p. m. records on
your record player will now give you
an hour or more ofa uninterrupted music.


a very interesting


aggregation
the New Y


ork i


exciting big band,
a major label, has
arranoers. Eddie


Finneg
rhythm
expect
availabi


I
an,
ic (


as for the band itself,
times says of it: "An


specially created by
been formed by the
Sauter and Bill


with startling
mnd harmonic


favorite Clubhouse
For those who c


Record


I 110nfl,, a'r/f>rnAnA "/in,, rTn'r/ A, (nA nn /iyj/ooAnQ'lO,1n


tico
fr
in


name


departures in
concepts." We


to have their first recordings
le soon. Watch for them at your


Section.


ire economy


minded


e


t,


ahKf /i�? ^liT MT


r n j?





January 2, 1953


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Plans Announced For Premium Grade
Gasoline To Be Sold In Zone Stations

(Continued from page n storage tanks
would be required. All other stations
have duplicate storage facilities.
New Pumps Needed


pu
fag

pe


Three new pumps will be installed at
e Balboa station and two in Cristobal.
addition to the installation of the new
mps, some alterations in the pumping
cilities will be required at all stations.
A recommendation for the capital ex-
nditure required for the sale of high-test


gas was suomit e t1o the Boara of
Directors by Governor Seybold at the
December meeting.
Numerous requests have been received
from Canal Zone motorists for the sale of
high-test gasoline and the matter was
the subject of discussion at recent Gover-
nor-Employee conferences held monthly.
Governor Seybold announced at the Sep-
tember conference that he was willing to
submit the matter to the Board of
Directors.


Shortly after that meeting a restudy of
the question was made which resulted in
the recommendation to authorize the
necessary capital outlay.
It is expected that the retail price of
the premium gasoline will be three or four
cents higher than motor grade gas. The
retail price will depend on the wholesale
price and the ocean freight charges.
The Commissary and Storehouse Divi-
sions have already initiated steps for
the sale of high-test gas and will submit
reports on the alterations to equipment
which will be required as well as specifica-
tions and estimates on the premium


gasoline.


Variety Of Subjects Discussed
At Conference Last Month

(Continued from page 2) Governor
issued instructions after the October
meeting for standard labels with pertinent
information on weight, size, and contents
to be used on all products produced by
the Commissary Division.
Sam Roe, Jr., who was attending his
first conference as a representative of the
Pacific Civic Councils, asked if it would
be possible to combine the commissary,
clubhouse, and post office at Diablo
T _- " _ J_I_� -- _- .. . ... L __.1 2 _ _" _ ml-_ __ T _- - l-_ ^-...


Panama Railroad Employees Organized
In Six Unions With Membership Of 75

(Continued frmnn page 6) keeping
members informed on local issues. Cor-
respondence with the Grand Lodge Office
and a monthly journal provide the mem-
bers information on happenings in the
union in general. There are more than
80,000 members in the national union.
Officers are S. J. Deavours, Chief
Engineer; T. V. Kelly, First Engineer;
F. H. Hodges, Chairman of the Local
Committee of Adjustment; and J. F.
Frensley, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer.
Mr. Deavours, Road and Yard Loco-
motive Engineer, has worked for the
Panama Railroad since September 1936
when he was emoloved as an inside


engineer. He was formerly employed in
1912 in the Mechanical Division. He be-
came a road engineer in September 1940.
Mr. Kelly has been employed by the
Railroad since April 1937 and has served
throughout that period as a locomotive
engineer. Mr. Frensley has been a loco-
motive engineer since January 1943 and
before that, worked in the railroad offices
and as a train collector. Mr. Hodges has
been an engineer for the Railroad since
1937. He has been employed in the Canal
organization since 1923.
LODGE No. 2741, BROTHERHOOD OF
MAINTENANCE OF WAY
EMPLOYEES
There were 20 charter members of
Lodge 2741 when it was organized in
December 1919. A. N. Stewart served as
the first president of the local.
There are now 14 members, 5 of whom
have retired from Railroad service but
maintain their membership in the Lodge.
The membership includes all 7 of the
Railroad's track foremen.
The local lodge is credited with winning
for its members great improvements in
working conditions, particularly in the
early days when a trackman's working


day sometimes stretched to 15 hours,
working in all weather, night or day, with
regularly monthly pay.
Working conditions were improved and
in 1930 the trackmen began to receive
overtime pay. Soon after that, they went
on a 5*-dav week and in September


4, *


Forty


J.


Years Ago


1945, the 40-hour working week.
Jessee Crawford, President of Lodge
2741, has been a Track Foreman since
he was employed by the Railroad in
February 1940.
Paul Bidstrup, who is Vice President,
has been a Stevedore Foreman since last
November but before that served for 5
years as Carpenter Foreman and 2 years
as Assistant Carpenter Foreman for the
Panama Railroad. He was a Track Fore-
man from the time of his employment in
November 1941 until July of the following
year.
Otis M. Ramey, Secretary and Treas-
urer, has been a Yard Foreman since
March 1950. He served as Track Fore-
man from the time of his employment min
March 1934 until he became Yard
Foreman.
DIVISION No. 690, ORDER OF
RAILWAY CONDUCTORS
Division No. 690 was organized in the
Canal Zone on May 29, 1938, after nego-
tiations had been in progress for several
years to obtain a charter. Before that
some of the Panama Railroad conductors
remitted their dues directly to the
national organization.
There are 18 conductors on the Panama
Railroad and about 15 members of
Division 690.
The conductors liken their duties on a
train to those of a captain on a ship and
note that the Bureau of the Census has
accorded to conductors the designation
as officials of the company for which they
work.
The national order is the second oldest
railroad labor organization in the United
States, having been organized in 1836
under the name Conductors Brotherhood.
Conductors on the Panama Railroad
have been qualified as conductors before
their employment in the Canal Zone or
serve years apprenticeship before assum-
ing the position of conductor.
After passing the examination, the same
as those given in the United States as
required by the Interstate Commerce
Commission, to qualify as conductors,
they must have been in charge of a train
for 6 months to qualify for membership


in the union.
Present officers are F. A. McGuinness,
Chief Conductor; R. L. Davis, Secretary
and Treasurer; and R. C. Daniel, Local
Chairman.
Mr. McGuinness has been a Conductor


Jk


4






THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 2, 1953


THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR


JANUARY


3rd-Track Foremen No. 2741, B & B
Shops, Balboa.
4th-VFW Post 3857, Cristobal Veterans
Club, 9 a. m.


5th-Postal Employees No. 23160, E
Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Pedro Miguel Civic Council,
Church, 7 p. m.
Cristobal-Margarita Civic Cot
Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m.
VFW Post 727, Fort Clayton, 7:30
VFW Post 3822, Curundu Road,
p. m.


Ialboa

Union
uncil,

p.m.
7:30


American Legion Post 3, Gatun Legion
Hall, 7:30 p. nm.
6th-Teachers No. 228, Auditorium, Cris-
tobal High School, 3:30 p. m.
Gamboa Civic Council, Community
Center, 7:30 p. m.


Meatcutters and Butchers
Officer's Home, 7:30 p. m.
Gatun Civic Council, Ga
house, 7:30 p. m.
Machinists No. 811, Balboa I
7:30 p. m.
7th-VFW Post 40. Wirz Mem


.


No. 121,


Club-


tun


dodge Hall,


orial,


p. m.
8th-Marine Engineers, Elks Club, Mar-
garita, 7 p. m.
9th-Blacksmiths No. 400, Boilermakers


Nos. 463 and 471, K
Margarita, 7:30 p. m.
11 lth-Sheetmetal Worke
Balboa Clubhouse, 9:30
Plumbers No. 606, K.
Margarita, 9:30 a. m.
12th-Machinists No. 699,
Margarita, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion Post 1,


7:30 p. m.
13th-Pipefitters, Marga
7:30 p. m.
Electrical Workers
Memorial, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion Post
7:30 p. m.
VFW Post 100, Old Boy
Cristobal, 7.30 p. m.


.. of C. Hall,


rs N
a. m.
of (
K.of


Legion


arita


C. Hall,


Home,


Clubhouse,


Wirz


7, Fort Clayton,

Scout Building,


American Legion Auxiliary Unit
Balboa Legion Home, 7:30 p. m.
14th-Carpenters and Joiners No. 9
Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Pacific Civic Council, Board Ro'
Administration Building, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion Post 2, Legion Ho
Old Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
15th-American Legion Auxiliary U
6, Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.


13,
OIn,

me,
nit


18th-CLU-MTC, Margarita Clubhouse,
8:30 a. m.
19th-Electrical Workers No. 677, Ma-
sonic Temple, Gatun, 7:30 p. m.
Truckdrivers, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30
p. m.
20th-Operating Engineers No. 595,
K. of C. Hall, Margarita, 7 p. m.
Machinists No. 811, Balboa Lodge Hall,
7:30 p. m.


21st-AFGE No.
7:30 p. m.


14, Balboa Clubhouse,


American Legion Auxiliary
Legion Hall, Gatun, 7:30 p. m
26th-Machinists No. 697, K. of
Margarita, 7:30 p. m.
VFW Auxiliary, Post 3822 Ho


Unit 3,


me,


p. m.
27th-Operating Engineers No. 595,
Balboa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m.
VFW Post 100, Old Boy Scout Building,
Cristobal, 7:30 p. mn.
American Legion Post 7, Fort Clayton,
7:30 p. m.
28th-AFGE No. 88, Margarita Club-
house, 7:30 p. m.
Governor - Employee Conference,
Board Room, Administration Building,
2p.m.
FEBRUARY


lst-VFW Post 3857, Cristobal Vet
Club, 9 a. m.
2d-Postal Employees No. 23160, B
Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Pedro Miguel Civic Council, 1
Church. 7 p. m.
Cristobal-Margarita Civic Cou
Margarita Clubhouse,'7:30 p. m.
VFW Post 727, Fort Clayton, 7:30
VFW Post 3822, Curundu Road,
p.m.


American Legion Post 3, G
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
3d-Meatcutters and Butch<
Officers Home, 7:30 p. m.
Teachers No. 228, Auditoriu
High School, 3:30 p. m.
Gatun Civic Council, G
house, 7:30 p. m.
Machinists No. 811, Balboa
7:30 p. m.
4th-VFW Post 40, Wirz Me


erans

'alboa

Union
mncil,

p. m.
7:30


ratun Legion

ers No. 121,

m, Cristobal


ratun

Lodge


morial, 7:30


p. m.
5th-Carpenters and Joiners No. 667
Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m.
6th-American Legion Post 6, Gamboa
Legion Home, 7:30 p. m.


January


Panama ..
Cristobal
Ancon --_
Panama ..
Cristobal ..

Cristobal
Ancon
Panama ...
Cristobal-----
Ancon_ .. ..


Sailings
From Cristobal


January 9
January16
January 23
January 30
- February 6
From New York
------January 7
_ _January 14
January 21
_January 28
-.... February 4


ANNIVERSARIES

Employees who observed important anni-
versaries during the month of December are
listed alphabetically below. The number of
years includes all Government service with
the Canal or other agencies. Those with
continuous service with the Canal are
indicated with (*).
42 YEARS
J. E. Schriftgiesser, Adminristrative As-
sistant, Motor Transportation Division.


40 YEARS


*Arthur Morgan, Dipper D
ator, Dredging Division.


Paul Coles,
Division.
Gilbert H.
Printing Plant.


35 YEARS
Machinist,


Furey,


Commissary


Assistant


30 YEARS


Donald R. Boyer, ]
Noe E. Dillman,
Maintenance Division.


Post maste
General


William G. Frederick,
Navigation Division.


Printer,


r, Cocoli.
Operator,
Signalman,


25 YEARS
Robert W. Erickson, Shop Superin-
tendent, Motor Transportation Division.
Dave J. Madison, Machinist, Industrial


Bureau.
William


G. Monroe,


Locks


Guard,


Pacific Locks.
Irl R. Sanders, Control House Operator,
Atlantic Locks.
20 YEARS
Earl O. Dailey, Supervisor, Construction
and Maintenance Branch, Southern District,
Electrical Division.
Nathan Fleckner, Accounting Clerk,
Maintenance Division.
Preston G. Gau, Tabulating Machine


Operation Supervisor, Finance Bure
Samuel A. Genduse, Moving I
Projectionist, Clubhouse Division.
George V. Kirkland, General Coz
tion Inspector, Contracts and Inst
Division.
Howard L. Sampsell, Lock Op
(Wireman) Leader, Pacific Locks.
Morris Weich, Guard Superviso
lantic Locks.
James L. Williams, Gauger and
man Cribtender, Terminals Division.


au.
Picture
nstruc-
)ection

erator
r, At-
Fore-


15 YEARS


George P. Allgaier, Foreman Shop
Mechanic, Commissary Division.
Richard G. Dinkgreve, Clerk, Electrical
Division.
Thomas W. Fels, Diesel Engineer-


Machinist, Electrical Division.
Charles Hair, Heavy Truck
Motor Transportation Division.
Louis F. Harris, Locks Guard
visor, Pacific Locks.
Bernice A. Herring, Dipper
Operator, Dredging Division.


Driver,

Super-
Dredge


7






January 2,1953


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


(Construction and Maintenance) to Batch-
ing Plant Foreman, Maintenance Division.
Gerald J. Fox from Principal Foreman
(Construction and Maintenance) to Quarry
Maintenance Foreman, Maintenance Divi-
sion,
Gilbert C. Foster from Principal Fore-
man (Construction and Maintenance) to
Foreman, Crushing and Screening Plant,
Maintenance Division.
Nick M. Elich from General Foreman
Assistant, to General Foreman, Quarry,
Maintenance Division.
Albert B. Henning from Civil Engineer
to Supervisory Civil Engineer, Engineering
Division.
Anthony F. Mann from Civil Engineer
to Civil Engineer (Soils Mechanics), En-
gineering Division.
Robert R. McCoy from Wireman to


Electrician Operator-Foreman,
Branch, Electrical Division.


Power


FINANCE BUREAU
Oliver L. Riesch from Postal Clkrk,
Postal, Customs and Immigration Division,
to Governmental Accountant, Finance
Bureau.
Mrs. Adelaide M. Seldon from Clerk-
Typist to Accounting Clerk (typist),
Fiscal Division.
Mrs. Ethel B. Judd from Bookkeeping
Machine Operator to Accounting Clerk,
Fiscal Division.
William E. Lundy from Cash Account-
ing Assistant (General) to Supervisory
Cash Accounting Officer (Assistant Treas-
urer), Fiscal Division.
Jean A. Libbey from Accounting Clerk
(Typist) to Accounting Clerk, Accounting
Division.
R. Trendon Vestal from Governmental
System Accountant to Supervisory Business
Accountant, Accounting Division.
Gregory C. Cartotto from Accounting
Clerk to Business Accountant, Accounting
Division.
Mrs. Elna G. Montanye from Card
Punch Operation Supervisor to Card
Punch Supervisor, Accounting Division.
Mrs. Janet N. Harness from Clerk-
Typist to Accounting Clerk, Finance
Bureau.
Mrs. Isabel M. Diaz from Typist to
Clerk-Typist, Finance Bureau.
Robert K. Hanna from Clerk to Cash
Accounting Assistant (General), Fiscal
Division.
John H. DeGrummond, Jr., from
Cash Accounting Clerk (Teller) to Ac-
countant, Accounting Division.
Samuel R. Cunningham from Cash
Accounting Clerk (Teller) to Supervisory
Cash Accounting Assistant (General), Fis-
cal Division.
Joseph C. Turner from Fiscal Account-
ant (Assistant Treasurer) to Supervisory
Cash Accounting Officer (Treasurer), Fis-
cal Division.
MANAGEMENT DIVISION
Howard M. Fuller, Warren Pitman,
and Leroy B. Magnuson from Budget
Specialist, Finance Bureau, to Budget
Specialist, Management Division.


MARINE BUREAU
Rov A. Hall. Jr.. from Dr


ill Barge


bination Welder, Locks Division (Overhaul).
Leo Chester from Filtration Plant
Operator, Water and Laboratories Branch,
to Lock Overhaul Foreman, Locks Division
(Overhaul).
Curtis H. Frazier from Policeman,
Police Division, to Guard, Locks Division,
Atlantic Locks.
Alrick L. Nelson from Shipwright,
Industrial Bureau, to Principal Lock
Overhaul Foreman, Locks Division.
Millard M. Coleman from Steam


Engineer (Floating Crane)
(Dipper Dredge), Dredging Di


to Engineer
vision.


Charles V. Scheidegg from Lock
Operator (Wireman) Leader to Electrical
Coordinator, Atlantic Locks, Locks Divi-
sion.
William E. Barber from Construction
Engineer, Maintenance Division, to Ad-
measurer, Navigation Division.
David E. Emery, Oiler Floating Equip-
ment, from Dredging Division to Oiler
Floating Equipment, Ferry Service, Dredg-
ing D)ivision.
Claud M. Kreger from Junior Foreman
(Construction and Maintenance). Ferry


Service, Dredging Division to Principal
Foreman (Construction and Maintenance),
Dredging Division.
RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU
Douglas Shelton from Wood and Steel
Carman to Car Inspector, Railroad Divi-
sion.
Wallace F. Russon from Guard Super-
visor to Safety Inspector, Terminals
Division.
Royal J. Redmond from Foreman
Cribtender to Foreman Cribtender and
Steam Engineer (Marine Bunkering Sec-
tion), Terminals Division.
Irvin E. Krappl from Foreman Crib-
tender and Steam Engineer (Marine Bunk-
ering Section) to Assistant Foreman, Marine
Bunkering, Relief, Terminals Division.
SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
Milton L. Turner from Administrative


Assistant to Supervisory Administrative
Assistant, Hotel Tivoli.
Philip S. Thornton from Manager,
Hotel Tivoli (Manager, Hotels) to Admin-
istrative Officer (Manager, Hotels).
Charles S. Hardy from Manager
Hotel Washington to Administrative Officer,
(Manager, Hotel Washington).
Christian W. Wirtz from Administra-
tive Assistant to Supervisory Administra-
tive Officer, Commissary Division.
Mercedes A. Borrell from Clerk-
Typist to Card Punch Supervisor, Division
of Storehouses.
Norman B. Davison and Charles E.
Reilly from Governmental Accountant to
Supervisory Business Accountant, Com-
missary Division.
Norman M. Schommer from Clerk to
Procurement Officer, Commissary Division.
Wallace E. Gibson from Accounting
Clerk to Property and Supply Clerk,
Commissary Division.
Mrs. Vera M. Aitken, Telephone
Operator, from Motor Transportation Divi-
sion to Commissary Division.


January


Brings


File


Amateur mathematicians and account-


ants will spend


many


anxious


hours


during the next few weeks in computing
what they owe Uncle Sam in income taxes
for the past year.
Although the deadline for filing final
income tax returns for 1952 is March 15,
many Canal employees will want to do
their figuring-and paying, when neces-
sary~-well before that time and avoid the
inevitable last-minute rush. The filing
period opens today and returns may be
filed at any time up to the deadline.
Income tax forms have been distributed
to Canal Zone Post Offices where they
may be obtained upon request. They
also may be obtained from the Internal
Revenue Office located on the second
floor of Balboa Clubhouse or from the
branch banks in the Canial Zone.
The distribution of the income tax


forms
through


and estimated


tax declarations


the post offices is done


as a


matter of convenience to the general
public and it has been specifically re-
quested that prospective tax payers not
ask for information concerning their tax
problems at the post offices.
All Canal employees who are required
to pay income taxes will be furnished
with statements of their total pay and
the amount of money which has been
withheld for taxes during the past year.
These are to be delivered by the Pay-
roll Division with the pay checks due
January 12.
Furnish Withholding Statements
The delivery of the withholding state-
ments (Form W-2) will be in time for
those employees required to file amended
tax declarations to file instead their final
returns for 1952. Comparatively few
employees are required to file amended
tax declarations. January 15 is the dead-
line for filing these.
Many employees will be required to file
estimated tax declarations for 1952.
Generally, those required to do this are
those whose income from wages exceed
$4,500 a year after subtracting all their
avarvtln+-.ncy o+ itAnn nao nrl o -hr, no n,+


Time


For Canal Employees


Tax Returns


I I


L


t





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 2,1953


LAST


SALE


COAL


THE END OF AN ERA was marked early last
month by the last sale of coal to be made at the
Cristobal Coaling Plant to the Spanish cargo vessel
Arraiz. The scene above shows the coal-burner taking
on 500 tens of coal.


I


0.2


Extras Are Hired

Overhaul Project

!inlnin This Month


Approximately 725 extra employees
have been engaged for the overhaul of the
Pacific Locks which is scheduled to begin
tomorrow when the east chamber of
Pedro Miguel Locks is emptied. Of
these, about 600 will be local-rate workers
hired locally.
The overhaul of the Panama Canal
Locks is the biggest and most spectacular
job done in the operation of the water-
way. The last overhaul job was done on
the Gatun Locks during the 1951 dry
season and the Pacific Locks were over-
hauled the year before.
The work this year is expected to be


MADE


CRISTOBAL


The Coaling Plant has since been closed and will
be sold to the highest bidder. The Cristobal Coaling
Plant was a busy place during the Canal's early
history when coal-burning ships were the mainstay of
the Canal's business.


amount of traffic during recent weeks has
been at a level of the operating capacity
with one lane of traffic out of service.
Because of the fluctuation in the flow of
traffic it is probable that some delays of
more than 24 hours may occur during


peak periods.
The work at Pedro Miguel
year includes the removal an
of six of the lock gates. Four
leaves at Pedro Miguel to be


Locks this
d overhaul
of the gate
overhauled


are the lightest of any in the Canal Locks
but the job of lifting them off their pintles
by hydraulic jacks will be a ticklish oper-
ation. It is not planned to unhinge any
of the gates at Miraflores Locks this year,
although all gates will be cleaned and
repainted.
Preparations for the overhaul of a set
of the Panama Canal Locks are begun
several months in advance, since a vast
amount of structural and other steel used
for replacement is specially manufactured
." ^jJ - *! > hL24 - - 7It s< w A. -ft AX ,L ^ --____L - _ _.f


(Continued from page 9)
FORT SAN LORENZO
Fort San Lorenzo has been looking out
to sea from its high cliff at the mouth of
the Chagres River since about 1601, when
it was set there at the direction of Philip
II to guard the back door to Panama.
Unscalable precipices in three direc-
tions, moat and drawbridge on the other,
and artillery protection for all approaches
made the fort seem almost impregnable.
It fell for the first time in 1671 to a
force of about 400 of Henry Morgan's
buccaneers led by a Col. Joseph Bradley,
sent to dispose of the sentinel of the
Chagres before Morgan's full force
advanced to Panama City.
The story of the capture of the fort is
one of the first told to most Isthmian
visitors-relating how a wounded buccan-
eer tore an arrow from his flesh, wrapped
it in cotton, and fired it from his musket,
starting the fire that ended in the fall of
the mighty fortress of San Lorenzo.
OLD PANAMA
The capture and sack of the old city
of Panama, leaving the ruins shown in the
picture on Page 9, is the second and
climactic part of what is probably the
best known story on the Isthmus.
Morgan waited on the island of Santa
Catarina until he heard of the fall of Fort
San Lorenzo, then advanced with a force
of 1,200 freebooters up the Chagres River,
although it was January and most boats
had to be deserted because of the shallow
water.
In seven weary days, almost without
food, Morgan's forces reached the settle-
ment of Cruces, abandoned and partly
burned and stripped of all provisions.
Two days later, they reached the savanna
in front of the city of Panama, where they
were met the following day by 500 horse-
men and 2,400 Spanish foot soldiers.
The city was almost completely des-
troyed by fire but no one knows who set
it-retreating Spaniards, Morgan's men,
or possibly disaffected slaves.
TABOGA
Peaceful, pretty Taboga, so-called
"Island of Flowers," has a bustling,
boisterous, and blood-soaked past that
belies its present quiet charm.
fl!_--- -. . -.L fl 1 �- _ :JL -� _.. - -J- n - n ->


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a^ - ,,,,:j,,-

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c�==-=
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