<%BANNER%>

DLOC PCANAL



Panama Canal review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00102
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: July 1952
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
System ID: UF00097366:00102
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text
Gift of the Panama Canal Museum


PANAMA


CANAL


=


Vol. 2, No. 12 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JULY 4, 1952 5 cents


PAST


FISCAL


YEAR


WAS


CROWDED


WITH


EVENTS


OF


GREATEST


SIGNIFICANCE


CANAL'S


HISTORY


New Lieutenant Governor


And


Wife


arrive


Soon


Organization
First Birthd


a


Observes
te Under


New


Plan


Of Operation


Lt. Gov. HARRY O. PAXSON
Col. Harry 0. Paxson has been ap-
pointed the new Lieutenant Governor of
the Canal Zone and will take over his
new position in the Canal organization
following his arrival here about July 10.
With the Lieutenant Governor when he
arrives will be his wife and their two
daughters, Nancy Lurline, 18, and Alice
Manley, 16.
They will come from Washington, D. C.,
where Lt. Gov. Paxson has served for
about two years on the faculty of the


Mrs. MARGARET PAXSON


Deputy Engineer for the Fif
the Mediterranean area in 194
with the Intelligence Missi
Africa in 1942. He served in I
in 1943.
His World War II decorat
the Legion of Merit with tw
Clusters, the British Order of
Empire, and the French
Reconnaissance.
Lt. Gov. Paxson was born
phia, attended grade school in


th Army in
[4; and duty
on to West
North Africa


ions include
o Oak Leaf
f the British
Medaille de
in Philadel-
St. Charles,


Events of far more than pass-
ing interest and significance to
Isthmian residents crowded
each other day after day during
the entire fiscal year which
ended last Monday.
The fiscal year 1952 will un-
doubtedly be long remembered
and written into the Canal's
history as a BIG year.
The most outstanding news of the entire
year occurred on the very first day of the
past fiscal year, July 1, 1951, when the
fiscal system for Canal operations was
changed. The significance of this change
which has been discussed in most issues of
THE CANAL REVIEW for more than a year,
extends far beyond the Canal Zone or
Isthmian borders.
The transition period resulting from
this change still is not ended. Attention
was called to this important fact in Gover-
nor Seybold's first public address in the
Canal Zone. It will be several weeks yet
before the final results, financially, of the
Canal's operation under the new arrange-
ment are tabulated.
Meanwhile, the Canal's main function,
the transiting of ships, has gone on apace.
In fact, practically all the old records on
.-.t : nnir a 4-1,..ntl n ~^4i'\ fi, n on o1 ni W o rn l,,'l~r o





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


Program

Covers


For


Of


Zone

Year-


Girl


OU1


Scouting

id Activities


Canal Zone Girl Scouts, between the
ages of 7 and 17, have a chance this
month to polish up their camp lore or to
work toward the badges which are the
visible marks of their achievements.


While S5 little Brownies, the youngest
of the three Girl Scout divisions, are at-
tending day camp at the Diablo school,
dozens of their older sisters, in the inter-
mediate group, are enrolled in shorter, if
more concentrated, camping sessions on
the third floor of the Fort Kobbe school
building.
And on the Atlantic side, some of the
still older group, the Girl Mariners, are
trying out the fine, newly-renovated sail-
boat Carina which they have on loan
from the Sea Scouts until the girls can
get a sailboat of their own.
Although the Girl Scouts of the Canal
Zone have no permanent summer camp
like the Boy Scouts' Camp El Volcan,
summer is a busy time for all of this fast-
growing organization.
At one time the Girl Scouts had a camp
at Madden Dam. Later they used as a
summer camp an abandoned anti-aircraft


gun position near Fort Kobbe.


Today,


however, camp activities are restricted to
the day-camps or to the 24- to 72-hour
sessions at the Kobbe school.
Panama Is Brownie Theme


For the Brownies in the


Diablo day


camp, this year s theme is Panama.


their eigh
this mont
dances, he
manian bi
the stories
do some


In


t summer day-camp sessions
h, they will learn Panamanian
taught how to identify Pana-
irds and flowers, hear some of
of this part of the world, and
handicraft with native shells,


clay, and plants.
The girls at the Kobbe school, who
began their camping activities late in
June, are operating on a troop basis.
Each group is accompanied by at least
one adult who has been licensed to head
troop camping. Facilities are available
at Kobbe for up to 40 girls at one time.
They are living in troop units but cook-
ing their meals together over outdoor
fireplaces. Some of the girls will hear a
talk by a Canal pilot on his job, by a


(IlL MARINERS, a division of the senior group
of ( iirl Scouting, need a boat, of course, llere are
he girls of (irl ariner ship 53, a new Atlantic sidel
group, with their 15-foot sailboat (trina which they
have borrowed from the Sea Scouts and put inli
condition to use inside Li mon Bay. The girls worked
from April to late June on the ('ar,.i, which is
named for a constellation and which was put into
the water June 22. Six of the girls trained to sail the
railroad man on what goes into running
a railroad. Crafts work includes the
making of temhleques the shivery, shim-
mering hair ornaments of carnival time
and shell jewelry from shells the girls
have collected themselves.
Girls Are Scouting Juniors
Girl Scouting in the Canal Zone is much
younger than Boy Scouting. This year


the Girl S
celebrates
Women
been Girl
the Scout
1934. Th


cout Council of the Canal Zone
its eighteenth year.
who grew up here recall having
Scouts during the 1920's, but
Council was not formed until
e first troops of official Scout


record were in 1934, at Fort Amador and
at the Post of Corozal. Three years later
the number had increased to 200 Scouts


('ritnia in the July 4 races.
Left to righl, in the pht(
are: Pat lIddy. Alice ('h
iHoddyl, Shirley Tohin, ai
very junior Mariner in th
cot, two-year-oii Piat iBr
Edward ('. Br own is ,m
The other leader is Mrs.


)graph above, the Mariners
ambers, June Hiley, Peggy
md 1)iane D)elaney. The
e (lrina is the troop mas-
own, whose mother, Mrs.
e of the MAariner leaders.
Iitoell EIhwell.


with 60 leaders; today there are 890 girls
enrolled in the three Scouting age groups;
275 adults, of whom 96 are leaders, are
serving in the Council, on troop commit-


tees and


associates.
For adm
Zone (trl
of the Girl


on other


committees and


Itrative purposes, the Canal
huts come under Region 11
uts of America. This region


includes New York State, New Jersey,
the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the
Canal Zone.
Today there are 48 Girl Scout troops
in the Canal Zone. Two of them are in-
active at the present time but will prob-
ably resume their activities in the Fall.
The largest group, the 503 Brownies who
are between 7 and 10 years old, are en-
rolled in 25 of these troops. Seventeen


- - * 1 * - a ~ ---t a -


other troops are devoted to the


Inter-


Canal


Range





July 4, 1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Employee


Delegates


The


Employees


Meet

At


New

June


Governor

Conference


"These conferences are very instructive
to me; I'm learning a great deal from
them," Governor John S. Seybold told
minployee representatives attending the
monthly conference June 26 at Balboa
Heights.
"I think that it is very desirable that
we maintain them," he added.
The Governor's statement came at the
close of his first conference one which
was concerned with subjects ranging from
a continuation of the previous month's
discussion on proceeds from a recent
chmnce recital at the Balboa Clubhouse,
through security procedure at the locks,
gasoline prices, the method of quarters
assignments, to possible furloughs in the
Industrial Bureau.
The conferences, popularly known as
"shirtsleeve conferences," were started
two years ago. They are attended by
delegates from the civic councils and from
all organized U. S.-rate labor groups.
Company representatives who attended
the conferences in addition to the Gover-
nor are Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Di-
rector; Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Executive


Assistant to the Governor; a
and a representative of THE
CANAL REVIEW.


secretary
PANAMA


Conference Procedure
The usual procedure, which was fol-
lowed by Governor Seybold, is to start
around the table, giving each representa-
tive an opportunity, in order, to raise
questions for discussion or to be answered,
to question current rumors or to present
other matters which have been discussed
in the group he or she represents.
The first questions at the June confer-
ence were brought up by Rufus Lovelady,
President of AFGE Lodge No. 14, who
presented two rumors: That there is some
indication that the 25 percent salary dif-
ferential is again threatened, and that
rents are to be increased.
Governor Seybold said that nothing has
been discussed locally on the matter of
the differential; that if there were such
discussion in the United States he knew
nothing of it. On the rental situation, he
said the Company's Board of Directors is
1 *il � i t i � - j--1


Fe" enterprises of a comparable size have
the diversity of activity and yet the singleness
of purpose as the operation of the Panama
Canal.
Here in the Canal Zone, an area of only a
few hundred square miles, are found most of
the governmental, social, scientific, and
normal community functions generally en-
countered in an entire nation. Yet, all of
these are directed toward one mission the


transiting of
Pacific Oceaq


ships between


It is difficult to express t


personal


message to


organization, my sober
t for a singleness of


the Atlantic and


o you in this,
the employees
reflections on


purpose


among


employees in all categories. The employee
who fails to comprehend his own job or its
part in the overall objective and fails to
pursue his or her job with that factor in
mind is sadly out of step.
The Canal organization did not achieve
its great reputation for efficient operation by
disunity. The builders of the waterway
would have failed in their objective without


unity in purpose an
from the waterboy to t
same spirit of unity
today to achieve the
this organization has
Only three days ag


d direction


he top executive.


effort,
The


is no less necessary
main task for which
its being.
o the Panama Canal


Company observed its first birthday as the
entity established by our Congress to conduct
the affairs of the Panama Canal, which is
an international utility of great importance


to world commerce. Despite the wide vari-
ance of the work performed, the Panama
Canal Company and its sister organization
the Canal Zone Government, have the same
mission, the same overall objective.
The men and women who have any job
in this single-purpose, dual organization
form a single team. It is idle to speculate
if one job is more important than another;
if some work is more essential or closer to
the heart of the enterprise than some other;
if the holder of some job has more authority,
has a higher salary, or has more responsi-
bility than another. They must all act with


a unity of
This un


purpose.
ity, in private enterprise,


ernmental work,


in social


Endeavor,


can be


achieved by only one method by each
member of the team doing whatever his or
her task may be, well and cheerfully. Those
who do this in the Canal organization need
have no fear of their future with the organ-
ization.
The employees of the Canal organization


should not presuppose that unity which I am
stressing so much now is in any
manner stifling either to their ambition or
promotion. Quite the contrary is true.
Those, no matter who they are, who do their
jobs well and who work in harmony with
their fellow employees can expect and may
expect consideration for work of more re-
sponsibility and more pay. This much I can
faithfully promise you as the administrative
head of the Company-Government.
As I begin my term of office as Governor
of the Canal Zone and President of the
Panama Canal Company it is my desire to
express through this medium my personal
pride in being associated with this enter-
prise. As your co-worker I shall concen-
trate my devotion and my earnest effort in
performing my job well. Only in this man-
ner can I gain your confidence, respect,


and cooperation.
It has been my personal pleasure to meet
many of you already. I sincerely hope that
the duties of my office will not be so confining
that I cannot rapidly widen this circle of
acquaintances among the Canal personnel.
Whenever time permits I plan to visit you
at your work. And whenever the opportu-
nity permits I look forward to meeting you
and your families in your daily walks of life.
As the administrative officer of this enter-
prise, I consider your problems my prob-
lems. I, too, expect to be a part of the team
on which the diversity of tasks is great but
the overall objectives are narrowed to the one
mission of serving well the maritime cornm-


merce


in gov-


operation and some means of striking a
balance between public panic and indif-
ference was discussed generally but with-
out conclusion.
/1^ -------_ --- L'.. - _ I -11 A t A- 4- L� i4' 1-. SnnM/-r,,r~r


Canal Zone; a question as to the legality
of an Executive order conferring on the
Governor the right of search as part of
lock security measures; the cost of gaso-
I;,,, A.-.lirn'r.iA 4,,- fl0-i,0 r Z., 7 ,nnt . bcanS._


the world.





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4, 1952


Paraiso,


Fast


Growing


Pacific


Side


own,


Ahead


One


Of


THE


Oldest


NEW


Settlements


ARAISO


If Schedule

Masonry Fe


For


mily


144

Units


Paraiso, one of the oldest settlements
in the Canal Zone, is now one of the fast-
est growing communities on the Pacific
side.
Its history dates back to the time when
there were no written records. It was one
of the first settlements used by the French
Canal Company in 1882 as headquarters
for a "chantier" or working section, and
it became even more important d(luring
the construction period under the Amer-
icans.
At least twice within the past 15 years
it has been abandoned and revived.
Its present growth is the result of 244
family units being built there under'a
$1,77.,574 contract with Tucker McClure
The work is about a month ahead of
schedule and the first of the new houses
will be completed about October, under
the present schedule. The final comple-
tion date for the whole contract is next
May. This is the largest of the Pacific
side housing contracts for this fiscal year.
Early History Unknown
Little is known about the early history
of Paraiso, or Paradise in English, but it
is believed to have been a settlement long
before the Spanish explorers came to the
Isthmus. It had one of the finest springs


and furni
found on


1 0
shed the purest water to be
the Isthmus. It is known to


� m
V-


*-- -


THE TOWN OF PARAISO is one of the fastest growing communities in the Canal Zone. A total
of 244 family units are being erected there by Tucker McClure, contractor for the work. The houses are
duplexes and are of a similar type to those already built in other local-rate communities. The contract
includes the building of streets and the installation of various facilities. Rapid progress is being made
and it is expected that the first of the houses will be ready for occupancy by next October. Residents of
Red Tank will be assigned the new houses on a seniority basis.


PARAISO


IN


1906


have been an important point on the
trans-Isthmian trek of early Spanish con-
quistadores across the Isthmus on what
was known as the "dry-season trail."
It was first selected as a permanent
settlement during the early 1850's when
the Panama Railroad was being built. A
40-foot cut for the new railroad was dug
there. After the rails were laid along the
new roadbed a torrential rain swept back
the earth and covered the tracks to a
f-S ,4A ,\ g<+ ^ *� -III �n. .� I ....... .. ..... gl ... -..� I A* -


-- ~r


Contractor


i


I







July 4,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


SAFETY IN THE DIVING SCHOOL


The Salvage Depot and
was organized and established
the direction of the Superin
Mechanical Division (now
Bureau) with William Haddet
Salvage Master and Master
of operations.
Mr. Badders was selected f
because of the 22K4 years of t


he had had


while


on act


ive du


Diving School
d in 1943 under
tendent of the
the Industrial
rs designated as
Diver in charge


or this
his sort


position
of work


tv in the U.


Navy. The Navy agreed to leave him on
inactive duty to work with the Canal's Sal-
vage Depot and Diving School.
The purpose of the establishment was, and
is, to train divers and salvage personnel so
that they would be capable of performing
any salvage project required to keep the
Canal, channels, and ports open to shipping.
They were also to be able to do all routine
diving such as underwater construction,
surveys, repairs to ships, etc.
Personnel to be trained were selected from
among employees of The Panama Canal who
had served at least two years in their trade.
They had to be in the artificer branch; be
between 20 and 30 years old; and he in good
physical condition. The idea was to train
all craftsmen to ply their trades under


WILLIAM BADDERS, Salvage Master and
Master Diver, Salvage Section, Industrial Bureau, is
also in charge of the diving school at Gatun. While
he was serving in the United States Navy he was
decorated with the Congressional Medal of Honor,
the Navy Cross, and the Navy and Marine Corps
Medal for heroism on three different submarine sal-
vage jobs. The most spectacular and best-known of
these, for the danger involved, was the raising of the
sunken submarine Squalus in 1939.


Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
May


AWARDS THIS CALENDAR


YEAR


Community Services--------------.
Industrial -------------------------
Civil Affairs.-------------------
Health.---- ---- .------
Engineering and Construction-----.
SMarine----------------------------
Railroad and Terminals------------
rnnils andl QCarr,'a


water. To date 35 .Panama Canal employees
have been trained as divers. Each has spent
at least 144 hours under water to make a
total of 5,040 hours of underwater time.
The Navy Department reviewed the
school curriculum and requested that it be
made available for U. S. Naval personnel.
The Master Diver was authorized to rate
the Navy men as Salvage Divers or Divers


Second


Class.


Thirty-one
training as T
total of 4,464
Altogether
have had a


train
accider
one or
water
be prot
The
the fa
Canal
50,000
at one
The P
single ]
The
and di
in this


Navy men received the same
he Panama Canal divers, for a
hours under water.
Panama Canal and Navy men
grand total of 9,504 hours in
r water, with only one lost-time
to diving. The fact that only
these men had ever been under
makes this a safety record to


Diver


is even more


ct that graduates
Divers School ha
hours under water,
of the most hazardo
anama Canal organic
lost-time injury due
very latest and mos
ving equipment was
training program a


lishment of a cen
which to move e(
needed.
T' t - * .


proud of


of The Panama
ve worked over
since graduating,
us occupations in
ization without a
to diving.
t modern salvage
procured for use
nd for the estab-


salvage
meant to


t .. C. I-- I I


water,


and truck,


equipment; tt
sired depth--,
was away froi
the bottom of


were needed


water
to 85 f
traffic;


Gatun


nearby
eet-f
and


La


an ideal training ground
Training classes were
divers. On graduation e
tiicate, signed by the
them Dl)ivers Third Cla
rate they were returned
shops to be called as
personnel when they wei
Here are some of the jo
graduates of the school.
Divers removed a fully
that was jammed betw


propelled


er of a Libert


sidered so ticklish t
personal effects and
job was finished.
They raised the U
after she sank in th
breakwater.
They demolished
Liberty ship which
broken in half outsi


had the de-
training and
hip lying on


ke at this s
for divers.
made up o
ach receive
Governor,
ss. With
to their r
divers and


dte made

f 6 to 10
ed a cer-
making
this dual
espective
salvage


needed.


s accomplished by


Sch
?en


~en
y ship; t
hat the
left the

. S. Na


[e


arged,
the ru
his job
crew t
vessel


entrance


the b
had r
de the


water.
They placed live mines
two different ships which
the Canal channel.


They have refloated
numerous vessels which
i i


tug Wenewa
of Cristobal

section of a
aground and
stobal break-

id demolished
re sunk near


y using beach gear
were aground, and


nave made emergency repairs to damaged
ships too numerous to count.
In the construction line graduates of the
diving school have performed all of the
diving on the new docks at Diablo, all diving
for the laying of the trans-Isthmian pipe-
lines for the Navy, and all diving required in
connection with the opening of the third pen-
stock at Madden Dam power station-a job
that was in 120 feet of water.
They did all underwater work required
during construction of the marine railways
at Mount Hope and many other jobs that
required from hours to weeks of diving.
In addition to such work the divers have
spent thousands of hours in making under-
water inspection of damaged ship bottoms
making detailed reports for ship agents to


determine wheth
bedrydockedorc
In every case,
was called upon,


polished
divers
gardless
This
lished a
men in


er the damaged ship must
would continue on its voyage.
regardless of which diver


they have al


ways accom-


the tasks assigned to them.
usually take their regular turns
Sof the task involved.
group of divers has not only est
n outstanding safety record, but
it can more than hold their own '
,,- 9. * � � � �


:ab-
the
vith


HONOR


ROLL


COMMUNITY


SERVICES


BUREAU
HEALTH BUREAU


INDUSTRIAL


BUREAU


move


re
)b


<


VV


�- '


**


I|





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


Villages

Lie


Antedating


Buried


Under


Settlement


Waters


of


of


U.


Gatun


Lake


Because of the general intere4 of present
day Zonians in what the Canal Zone was
like way back when, THE PANAMA CANAL
REVIEW publishes a condensation of an
article on the Lake villages. It appeared
originally in the CANAL RECORD of
December 6, 1911.


The villages between
achin will be covered
Gatun Lake. They
important in the sens
center of any peculiar
fact, they are little
hamlets, yet they ha
in American history,
known to European
years before Jamesto
Massachusetts Bay
colony.
It is probable that


m (atun and Mat-
d by the water of
have never been
e of size, or as the
Lr type of life. In
more than jungle
ve a distinct place
because they were
civilization many
wn was settled or
was an English
most of them date


from the early days of navigation on the
Chagres River, when it was one of the
most used routes for commerce across
the Isthmus. Among these are Ahorca
Lagarto, Barbacoas, Caimito, Mata-
chin, Bailamonos, Santa Cruz, Cruz de
Juan Gallego, and Cruces (Venta Cruz).
The region in which these lake settle-
ments are situated will probably not be
under water before August 1912, but the
railroad track will be torn up in Febru-
ary and therefore the native hamlets and
American canal settlements are being
moved, the houses torn down to be
erected again elsewhere, or, in the case of
shacks, merely abandoned in the jungle.
It is difficult to persuade some of the
inhabitants that the inundation will
ever take place. One old bush settler,
after receiving repeated warnings heed-
lessly, ventured it as his opinion that
the Lord had promised never again to
flood the earth.


The old village
on the river flats be
was abandoned in
now covered by 80
under Gatun Dam.
abandoned, the
church, priest's ho
small shops, and 90
of all descriptions,
with nalm thatch


of Gatun, which lay
low the present town,
1908 and the site is
feet of rock and earth
At the time it was
village contained a
use, school, a dozen
or more small houses
from the bamboo hut
tno the tvnical shet-


iron-roofed shanty. Most of the build-
ings were moved to the new townsite,
now known as new Gatun.
Old Fort At Gatun


The antiquity o
because none of
masonry. In his
Morgan, Esquem
day they sailed
came to a place
Here a party of


f the place is uncertain


its building
narrative o
eling says,
only six le
called De
his men w


only to sleep and stretch I
being almost crippled with


gs were of
f the pirate
"The first


iagu
los
'ent
heir
lyi


much crowded in the boats.
rested awhile, they went abroad


es, and
Bracos.
ashore,
limbs,
ng too
Having
to seek


victuals in the neighboring plantations;
but they could find none, the Spaniards
being fled and carting with them all
they had."


The local
to that of (
of Do los
old Gatun,
the region
settled. It
Spaniards
above the
old fort are


tion
Gatui
Brac
the
the
is
had


on
n.


the river corresponds
Even if the situation


os is not identical
narrative indicates
reabout was some
also known that
erected a fort 120


river, and evidences of
found today.


In the early days of the California
immigration, it was the first stopping
place in the canoe journey up the Chagres,
where "bongo-loads of California travel-
lers used to stop for refreshments on their
way up the river, and where eggs sold
four for a dollar and the rent for a ham-
mock was $2 a night."
In 1881 the French chose Gatun as
the site of one of the canal residencies,
erected machine shops there and built
a number of quarters for laborers, calling
the new section "Cite de Lesseps."
This continued as a center of the work
of excavation until 1888 when all opera-
tions ceased, not to be resumed here
until 1904.
When the Americans arrived in 1904,


Gatun was the center of a
large river trade. Banan
produce from the Gatun,
Chagres Rivers were brou
transshipment by rail and f
The next settlement of a:
up the river from Gatun i
twepn thn two villnrp arp


comparatively
as and other
Trinidad, and
eight there for
:or sale.
ny importance
s Bohio. Be-
thrna hamlnftQ


Lion Hill, Tiger Hill, and Ahorca Lagarto.
The first two are essentially railroad
camps that have persisted since 1851
when they were, successively, the term-
inus of the road.
"Hang The Lizard"
Ahorca Lagarto, however, is on a bend


in the
resting
in canm
Otis (a
says: "
lizard,'
place oi
named
pitched
body of
from a
lizard,


river, an
place fo
)es. Of
British
Ahorca
deriving
n the Ch.


d may well have been a
r the cramped travellers
the origin of its name
historian of about 1860)
Lagarto, 'to hang the
its name from a landing
agres near by; this again,


from having, years back, been
upon as an encampment by a
government troops who suspended
tree their banner, on which was a
the insignia of the Order of


Santiago."
Until recently Bohio has been called
Bohio Soldado (Soldier's Home). The
French made it the site of one of their
district headquarters in 1862; here as
well as at any place can be seen today
the plan of the sea-level canal which
included the main channel and two hrge
diversions or drainage ditches, one on
each side of the canal proper.
Near Bohio are the hamlets of Penas
Blancas and Buena Vista, both on the
river and each merely a collection of
huts of various descriptions. Frijoles
is the next railway station, a village of
784 inhabitants in 1908.
Here for many years an old Frenchman
ran a distillery in which he made rum of
such good quality that he boasted that
it was sold in Colon to rectifiers who
made it into "genuine French cognac."
Tabernilla, the next village, was one
of the centers of French work and there
was a small field repair shop at this point.
During the American occupation it be-
came a village of over 2,000 inhabitants
because here is situated the largest
dumping ground on the canal work.
Bridge At Barbacoas
Between Tabernilla and San Pablo,
the railroad crosses the Chagres River at
Barbacoas. San Pablo was originally a
plantation worked by Catholic priests.
It was a railroad station in 1862, was a
lahamrQ' onmn in the (it nne fi\





July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


PANAMA


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Printing Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
JOHN S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President
E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary

J. RUFUS HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MClLHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those ofsufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.
SUBSCRIPTIONS-Sl.00 a year
SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
publication date.
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-10cents each
BACK COPIES-I0 cents Each
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights.
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to the Editor, THE
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights,
C.Z.

TO SUSCRIBERS
Please notify us promptly of any change in your
mailing address. Post Offices everywhere have pre-
pared postal card forms for notices of changes of
address.


Terminals Superintendent


Canal
has bx
t ion
iiniec
The
in gra
through
sonnel
Rat
above
Direct
troller
of any
if fun


DIRECTOR VISITS ZONE


'a.
. .
.. ,
S' \-
\. ,- l


* .
..* . 6
. 's ,*
I ~ r E


Di


EDWARD D. McKIM, member of the Board of
Directors of the Panama Canal Company, and his
son, Laurence, were visitors to the Canal Zone for
two weeks last month. It was Mr. McKim's second
visit to the Isthmus this year, having attended the
Bard of Directors meeting held here last January.
Mr. McKim, whose home is in Omaha, Nebraska, is
a member of the Executive Committee of the Board.
He is one of the leading insurance executives of the
United States and has served as Vice President of
the Mutual Benefit Health and Accident Association
in Omaha for the past 17 years.

Residents of 13 cottages on Ridge
Road in Balboa Heights have been noti-
fied that the clearing of the area has
been deferred and that they may re-
main in their present homes for an-
other 12 months and possibly longer*
It was planned originally thatthe
occupants of the houses would be
moved by August 15 so that the cottages
could be demolished to make way for
new construction.


Classification Committee, which
-ly fixed ratings for positions in the


OF CURRENT INTEREST


Placement of a new 72-inch sewer and
connecting collector lines in Balboa and the
repaying of Amador Road bI Maintenance
Division forces will be completed in about
a month.
Construction of the sewer is one of the
first major projects in a proposed long-range
development plan for Pacific side sewage
disposal.
The repaving of Amador Road, which
started about two months ago, was com-
pleted the first of July except for about
1,000 feet near the Boy Scout Shack.
That remaining portion will be paved and
an allied project, construction of an addi-
tional traffic lane on the west side of Balboa
Road between La Boca Road and the Ama-
dor Road intersection will be completed
about August 15.
Ten new civilian doctors are starting
1-year rotating internships at Gorgas
Hospital in the annual first of July
turnover of medical personnel entering
and leaving hospital training programs.
There are also 16 residents in training
at Gorgas, some of whom started their
residencies on the first of the month
and others who are in their second or
third year of residency training. Only
two of the residents are Army physicians.


Three New Executives


Of Canal Arrive Soon

Three new Canal officials are expected
to arrive on the Isthmus to take over
their new duties early next week.
Brig. Gen. Don Longfellow, new Health
Director, will arrive by transport about
July 10.
Col. Craig Smyser, who will become
Engineering and Construction Director,
is expected to arrive on the same ship.
Dr. Walter G. Nelson, who will assume
the position of Chief of the Division of
Preventive Medicine and Quarantine, is
expected to arrive July 7 on the Cristobal.
General Longfellow will come from
Washington, D. C., where he has been on
duty in the Office of the Surgeon General.
He served in the Canal Zone for about
a year in 1930 as a physician at Colon
Hospital.
He was born in Hobbs, Ind., attended
high school at Windfall, Ind., obtained a
B. S. and M. D. at Indiana University and
a Master of Public Health degree from
Yale University.
General Longfellow is also a graduate of


ganization
abolished


or
een


t GS-8 o
executive


r above,
e regula-
effective


of June 16 which becav
tiately.
* authority to fix ratings f
odes GS-1 through 11
,h 10 has been delegated
Director.
ings for positions graded
will be reviewed by th
or with the concurrence o
concerning the manager
position-(if the position
ds are available, etc.)


+-lrth G - * -nf�


ne


or positions
and CPC-1
to the Per-

GS-12 and
e Personnel
f the Comp-
Kent aspects
n is needed,
and will be


'1 ~~ b"r\r/n // t


anorove y e overnor.





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


ourth


uly


BLACK UMBRELLAS were fashionable sunshades for spectators on July 4, 1912.


MARINE AND SAILORS scaled a wall near the Tivoli as part of the 1912 festivities.


Fourth of July celebrations in the
Canal Zone are about as old as the Canal
Zone itself. The first was in 1905.
From 1907 to 1919, according to old
records, the Fourth of July celebrations
were official in nature. The Chairman of
the committee in charge was named by
the Governor, or, before the Canal was
opened, by the Chairman of the Isthmian
Canal Commission. During the war years
of 1917 and 1918 the Chairman was se-
lected by the Commanding General.
In 1915, at the suggestion of C. A.
McIlvaine, then Executive Secretary, the
official celebration was omitted. In 1920
Governor Chester Harding decided that
no official celebration would be held and
left the manner of celebrating Indepen-
dence Day to the various communities.
Ever since, the Atlantic and Pacific
communities have arranged their own
celebrations.
In 1923 the American Legion sponsored
the July 4th celebration in the Canal Zone
and in 1924 Wilson Kromer, then Assist-
ant Auditor and later Comptroller, was
dismayed at the lack of interest in a com-
munity celebration. Hevoluntarilyserved
as Chairman of an Independence Day
committee and arranged for a celebration
so that the children, at least, would have
a good rousing July 4th.
Since the mid-1920's, a committee for
the celebration of Independence Day has
been composed of volunteer members.
From this committee a general chairman
is elected to direct activities each year.
Usually a meeting of this committee is
called in March or April by the general
chairman who had served for the preced-
ing year's celebration.
Oldtime Family Picnics
Oldtime Fourth of July activities in the
Canal Zone resembled old-fashioned fam-
ily picnics much more than do the some-
what more formalized observations of to-
day. And much more emphasis was laid
on sports than on patriotic exercises in
those days.
The CANAL RECORD, faithful reporter
of Canal Zone activities for the construc-
tion period and some years thereafter, re-
counts at some length details of the cele-
bration of 1908. That for 1907 is dis-
missed with the phrase that the 1908 cel-
ebration was to "follow generally that of


)f





July 4,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


A^NO


of it as a prize for the winner, and a horse
race between volunteer fire companies.
At noon warships in Cristobal harbor
fired a 21-gun national salute.
On the Pacific side in 1908, one Lt.
Glen E. Edgerton was a member of the
Independence Day Committee. Thirty-
two years later he was Governor of the
Canal Zone.
That year Pacific side events included
a bucking-horse contest, a wall-scaling
contest between sailors and marines, a
ball at the Hotel Tivoli, and all kinds of
sports and athletic events.
During the next few years the official
celebration alternated between the two
sides of the Canal Zone. In 1911, for
instance, Cristobal was the site of the
official activities; in 1912 it was the Paci-
fic side's turn. There were smaller, non-
official celebrations "along the line" with
part of the July 4th funds going to the
line towns for fireworks.
1912 Celebration Gala Affair
In 1912 the committee, headed by Rear
Adm. H. H. Rousseau, for whom the town
of Rousseau is named, planned an elab-
orate celebration. There was a picnic "on
the slope where the Ancon school stands,"
track and field events on a ball park near
the Hotel Tivoli, and aquatic events, in-
cluding diving from an 85-foot tower, in
Balboa harbor.
The roads leading to the Hotel Tivoli
were decorated in the national colors,
hung over three improvised arches. Three
bands-from the ICC, the Marine Corps,
and the Infantry-furnished music at a
concert at the Tivoli. Rainy weather cur-
tailed the fireworks display from Old Res-
ervoir Hill, but a ball at the Tivoli suc-
cessfully concluded the day's festivities.
After the official sponsorship ceased and
July 4th celebrations became community
affairs, the days' programs were concen-
trated largely on sports, children's activ-
ities, and such. A fireworks display was
always the crowning feature of the day
and band concerts were usually scheduled.
With the beginning of World War II
the community programs were somewhat
curtailed and much greater emphasis was
laid on the patriotic exercises.
In 1940, for instance, President Frank-
lin D. Roosevelt's July 4th address was
rebroadcast to local audiences.


one


KIDDIE TRAINS are important for the younger July 4th celebrators.


MANY TROOPS as well as friends from Panama were high spots of July 4, 1942.


Sty le


:/





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4, 1952


Longtime M

Has


There ren t


maintenance


Record


Division


Years


tmany people, here or
> ~ ~ . . *


anywhere else, who ran boast of having
wtrke(d in the same office for 45 years.
But that is the record of Eustace E.
But cher, olie helper for the Maintenance


Division in (Gatun.
Butcher, who was born in Barbados in
ISS7 he will 1be 65 years old on July 9 -
was a tailor by trade when a Canal re-
cruiting team came to Barbados in 1907.
Their offer sounded good and, along with
several hundred of his countrymen, the
young tailor started on what turned out
to be the adventure of his life.
The trip from the islands, he recalls,
was pleasant and for him, anyhow, not


marred by seasickness. He has never
been back to Barbados since he arrived,
so he really isn't too good a judge of his
seafaring ability.
When he arrived here Butcher began
work for the Municipal Division and he
has been a Municipal Division employee
- first when it was the Municipal Division
and now the Maintenance Division-ever
since. The first day and a half, he recalls,
"they put a shovel in my hand" to build
a dam at Gorgona.
For the next 5 months, he worked at
Las Cascadas, most of the time carrying
mail between Las Cascadas and the head
office at Bas Obispo. These four round
trips daily he made on foot and, he says,
"the sun was hot in those days, hotter


than it ever is now. It burned your eyes,
then."
In Gatun Since 1907
In August 1907, Butcher was trans-
ferred to the Municipal Division's Gatun
office to work as a messenger, storeman,
and office helper. That office was on land


which is now
Butcher has n
in Gatun and
lived in the
Gatun.
Except for


under water. Since 1907
ever worked anywhere but
for the past 33 years has


same


quarters,


10 days in 1938,


FORTY


when he


Incas


Worker


Office


EUSTACE E. BUTCHER
was a hospital patient, he has never
missed any time because of illness.
Butcher is married. He and his wife
never had any children of their own, but
they have one adopted daughter who has
lived with them since she was a baby.
Her two children, 6 and 4 years old, are
just as much Butcher grandchildren as if
they were really blood-kin.
Forty-five years ago, when Butcher
first came to Panama, he tried to do a
little tailoring on the side. But office
work and outside tailoring are too hard
on the eyes, he said, and he soon gave
that up. For a while he sold bus tickets
as an outside occupation, but he has also
given that up. Church work and activity
in several lodges now keep him busy after
office hours.


YEARS AGO


In
June


The tug Reliance with three barges in


An account of the operations of Ancon
-* .. � --. . k " T-... .-- . J----


' Society


Records
Presented


Same


from French dump cars, gift of J. F.
Prager; local wood specimens, gift of
E. L. Farlow; a collection of local photo-
graphs, the gift of Col. George H. Hesner,


Among Gifts


To C. Z. Library-Museum
A number of items of historical interest
or of interest to local naturalists have
been added recently to the permanent col-
lection of the Canal Zone Library-Mu-
seum.
Included in the recent gifts is a collec-
tion of the letters, clippings, and papers
of Charles L. Parker, relative to his activ-
ities in the Society of the Incas. This
collection was given to the museum by
J. Wendell Greene, Treasurer of the Pan-
ama Canal Company.
The late Mr. Parker came to the Canal
Zone in October 1904 as a "copyist." He
later worked as a clerk, chief clerk, assist-
ant depot quartermaster, and was also a
survey officer. In 1927, he was made
Deputy Marshal of the District Court and
served until his death in September 1937.
The Society of the Incas was composed
of men and women who went to work for
the Isthmian Canal Commission or the
Panama Railroad during the year 1904.
For many years this group held an annual
dinner on May 4, the anniversary of the
date when the United States Government
took over the French canal property.
Society of Incas Pin
Members of the Society were entitled
to wear a pin of white, green, and gold,
which showed a map of the North and
South American continents drawn to scale
with the figures "1904" across the face.
On the reverse side there were the words
"Society of the Incas" and "Panama
Canal."
Other recent gifts, some of which are
not yet on display for lack of suitable
space, are:
A mug from the old Century Club, gift
of Leopoldo Arosemena; a collection of
local shells and samples of local wood,
gift of the Girl Scouts, through Miss Mary
L. Patton; an excavation sample, core
drill, gift of J. M. Culpepper; relies from
Gorgona and Las Cruces trails, gift of
C. W. Kilbey; stuffed local animals, gift
of G. W. Pougher: journal box covers


364-E,





July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Canal


U:


Enterprise

under U. S.


Passes


Since


50th


First


Birthday


Basic


aw


Passed


The Panama Canal as an enterprise of
the United States last Saturday passed
its Golden Anniversary.
The date-June 28, 1902-is now little
remembered by the general public. It was
on that date when President Theodore
Roosevelt signed the Spooner Act into
law. Succeeding years and momentous
events have crowded the launching
of the Canal enterprise into obscurity.
The famous Spooner Act authorized the
President to buy the rights and properties
of the New French Canal Company and
"to cause to be constructed" an Isthmian
canal of sufficient capacity and depth to
provide "convenient passage for vessels of
the largest tonnage and greatest draft now
in use, and such as may be reasonably
anticipated."
The passage of the Spooner Act by
Congress had come after many years of
investigation on isthmian canal routes and
plans. It also came after a long and acri-
monious debate in Congress over the route
to be selected. The important aspect was
the change in the original Bill in Congress,
which already passed the House, from the
recommendation for the Nicaraguan route
to the word isthmiann" route. This ac-
tually opened the way for the construction
of the Panama Canal, which had been
blocked by the first Bill.
The Spooner Act was actually an


amendment to the


original legislation. It


was introduced in the Senate by Senator
John C. Spooner of Wisconsin after the
Walker Commission had submitted a sup-
plementary report on its first recommen-
dations favoring the Nicaraguan route.
This supplemental report was made after
the French Canal Company had notified
the Walker Commission that it would sell
its rights and properties on the Panama
Canal route for $40,000,000, the estimate
of its value set by the Walker Commission.
After this supplemental report was sub-
mitted Senator Spooner introduced an
amendment to the original legislation
which virtually made it into a new Bill.
Debate on the Spooner amendment
opened in the Senate June 4 and came to
a vote June 19 after much stormy debate.
It passed the Senate by a vote of 67 to 6.


MEMBERS OF THE first Isthmian Canal Commission, on the front row shown above, at one of
their early meetings were: Left to right-Maj. Gen. George W. Davis, who was appointed the first Gov-
ernor of the Canal Zone; Rear Adm. John C. Walker, named Chairman of the Commission; Frank J.
Hecker; and William Barclay Parsons. Standing at the back, left to right, are: William H. Burr, Benjamin
M. Harrod, and Carl E. Grunsky. The Commission held its first meeting on the Isthmus in March 1904.
Governor Davis issued his first Proclamation as Governor on May 19, 1904. The picture above is


reproduced from Joseph Bucklin Bishop's The Pan

mission with Rear Adm. John G. Walker
as Chairman. Other members were Maj.


George W. Davis, who
Sthe first Governor of the C
iam Barclay Parsons, Bet
*od, Frank J. Hecker, V
, and Carl E. Grunsky.
ost of these members had


the original
appointed in
to investigate
canal route.
commission
basic legisla
the Panama


was to be-
,anal Zone,
njamin M.
Villiam H.
served on


Walker Canal Commission,
1899 by President McKinley
e and recommend an isthmian
It was the report of this
which later resulted in the
tion for the construction of
Canal which became known


as the Spooner Act.


Balboa


Waterfront


amra Gateway.


The first meeting of the first Isthmian


Canal Commission was h
1904, in Washington. A
Col. William Crawford G
mission arrived in Colon
for their first visit to the
members inspected the pi
and first established h
Colon in addition to thi


quarters in Pan
ferred from the
The Commissio
Isthmus before
to settle down t
izing the trem
equipment, and


Is Home


nama City


ield March 22,
accompanied by
orgas the Cornm-
April 5, 1904,
Isthmus. The
proposed project
headquarters in
e Pacific head-
already trans-


French Canal Company.
n spent two weeks on the
returning to Washington
o the major task of organ-
endous work, purchasing
employing personnel.


Granny





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July4,1952


First


Houses on
Complete


Pacific Side
d By Canal


Division


work min the area has been done by the
Maintenance Division, whose estimate for
the housing construction was about $60,-
000 or 18 percent below the bid prices
submitted by contractors for the housing.:
The house construction started the first
of February. The site development work
in the area was done by the former Muni-
cipal Division-now part of the Mainte-
nance Division-in the 1951 fiscal year.
The former houses in the Morgan Ave-
nue-Pyle Street area were primarily four-
family structures, built originally in con-
struction towns along the line of the
Canal from about 1907 to 1910 and re-
located in Balboa about 1914.


Ten


Years Ago in June


r� L., --
--. e....aaa.- ... : =..
THIS IS ONE of the first two new houses completed in the Canal's 1952 quarters building program.
These houses were built by the Maintenance Division.


Two cottages that were only "1952 con-
struction projects" last month are now
homes for two Canal families.
Captain and Mrs. Richard C. Sergeant
and their young daughter, Kay, and Mr.
and Mrs. W. W. Wood effected the trans-
ition recently when they moved furniture
and fixtures, bag and baggage, into the
first houses to be completed in the 1952
quarters-building program.
Their new homes are on Morgan Ave-
nue near the intersection of the newly-
relocated Pyle Street, looking down the
hill toward Balboa Road and right over
the top of the Scottish Rite Temple.
The two new three-bedroom houses are
part of the so-called Morgan Avenue-Pyle
Street development that is changing the
face of the hillside from a cluster of old
gray construction day houses, to a muddy
or dusty building site and finally the new
yellow, green, and buff colored cottages
and duplexes now being completed.
The new houses occupied by the Ser-

Fourth of July, Canal Zone Style

(Continued from page 9) for the Pacific
side and one for the Atlantic side. M. E.
i i n ri------_ - _- - ---


geants and the
cottages. Theren
and three dupl
development is
of August.
The new house
ment at the ra
until the area
tenants.
The site deve


Woods are three-bedroom
Swill be five more cottages
exes in the area when the
completed about the end

ses will be ready for assign-
te of about two a week
is filled with new Canal


lo


J


pment and construction


Axis submarine warfare moved uncom-
fortably close to the Canal Zone. Between
June 3 and June 14 thirteen allied ships
went to the bottom under shells or torpe-
does, or both. Five of the ships were sunk
in one day, June 5.
Hundreds of survivors, some of them
carrying the lifebelts which had saved
their lives, were ashore here. Many of
them proudly displayed the autographs
placed on the belts by fellow survivors in
lifeboats. In at least one case survivors
were two-timers. Members of the crew of
the Dutch freighter Crynssen had been
picked up by the oreship Lebore, only to
have theLebore torpedoed soon thereafter.
Local shops stayed open on Sundays to
provide clothing for the torpedoed men,
many of whom arrived clad only in under-
wear and heavy coats of suntan.


In the Editor's Mail






July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


OUR OUT-OF-DOORS

Some of the first things spotted by
visitors to the Canal Zone Experiment
Gardens at Summit are the cannonball
trees. Several trees are located near the
entrance to the gardens and others are
scattered through the grounds.
There are drones among trees, for they
have no economic importance. Techni-
cally known as Couroupita guianensis,
they are among the most curious trees of
tropical South America.


IT'S OBVIOUS why this is called a cannonball
tree. Several specimens are in the Experiment
Garden at Summit.
They bear fleshy, fragrant, and unusual
shaped flowers on long woody stems which
emerge without any evident pattern from
the trunk and large branches of the trees.
The common name, of course, comes
from the large globular fruit, which is
about the size of a human head and re-
sembles a rusty cannonball.
The fruit, which takes eight or nine
months to ripen, contains a mass of very
disagreeable smelling pulp. This is
creamy-white when the fruit is first
opened but it soon turns green and then
brown as oxidation takes place.
The cannonball tree is closely related to
the well-known Brazil nut, Bertholettia
excelsa, and to the monkey pod, Lecythis
elliptica and Lecythis turyana.
June Bugs
Gardeners around the Canal Zone are
l -,. ,,1,,,A i-bo, At O o Yin; f h t ,-i


Have you noticed you've been eating
potatoes lately?
Some people in the United States haven't,
you know.
The papers said so, and radio newscasts,
and so did lsthmians who were visiting there
Commissary customers ate potatoes all
through the shortage in the United States,
thanks to one of the Division's purchasing
agents in New York.
He sounded the warning that sent an
order flying that kept potatoes in Commis-
sary bins right through it all.
You don't have to pat him or the Com-
missary Division on the back for their
foresight.
That's their business-keeping potatoes
on your table-and beans and rice and
butter and all the staples it takes to keep
Canal people full and happy.
And, at times, that business has been
harder than it was during the potato shortage,.
About two months ago the purchasing
agent in New York told Commissary I)ivi-
siotun people on the Isthmus that soon there
just weren't going to be very many potatoes-
despite the surpluses of a short time back
when they were being burned and given
away.
So the people on the Isthmus issued pur-
chase authorities for a longer advance period
than usual.
True to the agent's prediction potatoes
got shorter and shorter in the United States.
News stories and letters from people who
were there told about black markets, tie-in
sales, and other marks of a real shortage.
At the same time on the Isthmus there
were more potatoes than usual in the cold
storage warehouse-because of foresighted
orders,
The potato situation wasn't always so
rosy with the Commissary l)ivision. On a
recent Friday night less than a day's supply
of the old crop of potatoes remained in
the warehouse.
But, come Monday and another Panama
Line ship, there were more potatoes-from
the first of the new crop in the United States.
The new potatoes went out to the retail
stores that night and were on sale when the


Past Fiscal Year Crowded With Records Of
Greatest Significance In Canal's History


(Continued from


1) initiated more than


$680,000 worth of such wor
Other major projects of
nance Division during the
installation of the intercep
in Balboa on which over
snrnt durintr t'he nast, vynar


k.
' the Mainte-


year was 1
tor sewer 1
$480,000 v
Part of t


111r^


Commnissary doors opened Tuesday morning.
Price controls had been removed in the
meantime and with a lot of buyers bidding
for the short supplies the new potato crop
entered the market at two cents a pound
more than the old crop.
But potatoes are one of those staples the
Commissary Division considers a necessity
for its customers and the new potatoes were
purchased---even if they did cost more.
So it goes-with potatoes and all the other
staples stocked by Canal commissaries.
The recent potato problem was compara-


tively easy as far a:
concerned. Things
transport workers g
without letting the
on their plans, lea
stranded on piers
instance.
Or, for really rou
war days when train


theC
only t
subm;
SBut
BiiI
Comn
(50 I11W
some
get it
Canal
that g
and
Canal


s "stock protection" was
are not so simple when
o out on wild-cat strikes,
Commissary Division in
ving Commissary goods
or in railroad cars, for

gh times, there were the
loads of merchandise for


I i I r


ommissaries were neaded ior one p(
to have that port closed because <
marine threat on one of the ocean lar
There have been few times when
lissary Division didn't manage to f
goods some place and some means
to the stores and customers in
Zone-the routine and important
oes on day in and day out and year
year out to keep food available
people.


Many Commissary customers may not
know that the Balboa and Margarita Corn-
Artist missaries sell a complete line of
A ,. artist colors in tubes and the most
Supply generally used types and sizes of
brushes.
Although the supplies are suitable for use
by the best artists, salesclerks will not insist
that you present a sample of your work to
buy them.
The supplies can be put to good use by a
lot of nonartists who dabble only in handi-
craft and home decorating as well as the
potential Raphaels in the arty set. Learning
to paint can be fun, too, regardless of age or
lack of previous experience.


ward. This included the consolidation of
dispensaries, major improvements in the
facilities and services at Gorgas Hospital,
and the completion of arrangements to
purchase the Health Bureau's drug and
medical supplies through the Army, which
is expected to result in substantial
economies.


Some of the major changes in
munity Services Bureau were


the Cornm-
the var-


*





14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4,1952



THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR ANNIVERSARIES

JULY 17th- American Legion Auxiliary No. 6, Em plovees who observed important anni-
\t Trac FoeeN p71 ~~x Gamboa, 7-3o p. m versarles during the month of Jutne are listed
H & Hrc Shop;.'Ao m nlh 2Oth-CI4U-MTC, Margarita Clubhouse, alphabetically below. The number of years
No. 3857, -s \-cl rans Uli 8:30 a. m. 111(11cldes all Government service, with the
6h n-VFW !ON 21.st-ieas ~uu ^ Electrical Workers, No. 677, Gatun Cana or other agencies. Those with con-
7th Postoal E .mplyes No., 23 , Bal Masonic [empty, 7:30 J) n m ititiotis service with the Canal are indicated
I7th I Postal IPy^ LII. 7231 0Ial- TruckDrivers Balbo LHIe all, 7:30 wilh 30 ear
Pedro Migutel Civic Council, I Fimon ^f'~ a~BF~nps\ .
(ii lrnl, 7 p). m- 22d-Operating Engineers, No. 595, Hal- Howard C. Anderson, Carman Leading-
(:ristobal-Margarita Civic Council, Iw;)(X1R I"dge Fal 7 ;, V 111.. man, Railroads fDiviston.
Margaria (iubhousc, 7:30 p. m, -l " d~i, Cr stoP.lw Ed, ft ~ol Arba E. Beck, Superintendent, Terminals
V'FW Post No. 727. Fort(l ayton, 7:3 A umerca Legionl Post No. 7 Fot 1)vsion.
Ill , AmrClayteon, 7:30t po. i. William B. Hall, Mechanical Super-
VFW Post No. 3822, ('iirndu Road, Marine lEngieersl' Beneficial Asso- visor, Locks Diviion.
7:30 p- niii.to o ) ls lu -'^ *Percy L. Hooper, Fireman, Fire Divi-
American Legion P'osi No. 3, (ialm uilcation, No. 96, Ils ClubLIn, Mar^arita,
7:30 p. m. ^, Nt)," 88,o Ma./-i gait liiboi Agnew C. Jones, Towboat Master,
8th Electrical Workers, No. 397, W~rz 23d-,AFGE )regi. I8 aririvCtisi~. ^ ,^rhon.
Memorial 7^ :, p.- in 7:30an'ego Auiir No. 2. Merrill A. Stutzman, L~and Inspector,
VFW P'osi No- 100, (O)hd Box Scou p Amria Leio Auiir N 2, Community SevcsBureau.
Hii'Sidii~Citonbal, 7 J:3() . iii.tla 24th_-Governor-Employee Conference, 25 Years
Amria Legionm PitN.7FirtCi- Board oo>,.m,,Amisration Build lg,,, R nyBEl.hefSresBac.

lxa, O 7:30n Aul.ar N" '.; 28th"~ Machinists No. 699, Marg~iriti 1K. Juan Hidalgo, Signalman, Navigation
9h^-alltrs 7:()o� . 91* gtba ^ VEW Auxllxniary, CQirtlndlu RoadI, 7 :.() *^Frank R. Mauldin, Power Dispatcher,
Pacific Civic Council, Board Room, lAUGUST Eugene K. Willett, Maintenance Me-
Adminisn-trationi Building, 7:30 p. in. linfHatRirii
American Legiion Post No. 2, Cristobal, lst--American L~egion Post No- 6, (.am-i chance, Heallth Bureau-
7:30 p. m . boun, 7:30 jp. mf. 20 Years
I Ith~ Blacksmiths No. 400, with Boiler- Walter F. Allen,_____Truck. I )river, . Motor
makers No. 463 and 471, Margarita---------- .wleF AenIrcDre.Mor
K. of C. I Ill 7:30O p. inI *I-. ransportation Division.
13th -Pipefitters, "Margarita Clubhouse, July V saiiings^ Samuel Cohen, Payroll Clerk, Payroll
9:30 i UJ UUII^ Division.
Sheetrmetal Workers, No. 157, BaloaIrisob Herman H. Keepers, Electrical Assist-
Clbhuse, 9:0 a ^ From Citbl ant, Aids to Navigation.
Plumbers, No. 606, i\argarila K. of C. Panama . .-.July 4 15 Years
14th-Machinists No. 699, Margarita 1K. C thl .-.. �-- -July 181 )ioer A.Alan itJINviato
of C. Hall, 7:30 n. 'm Robert H.ll Batrm Machiist, ndu
American Legion Post No. 1, Balboa, Panama. .._--. July 25 tra RBu!reau. ata ahit Ids
7:3^0 Pn in. Chriil res Ei.BednAcotaFine
15th-^Operating Engineers, No. 595, From New York CalsE edn conat iac
Mairgarita 1K of C. Hall, 7 p. iii . .MedcalTecrn
Machinists No, 811, Balboa Lodgc i-ail, Crislobal - - .,.. - .Jul~y 2 Joaquin Benavides, MdclTcm
7.30 p. Bb. Clboue A neon < ... . July 9 "Russell E. Heilmund, Postal Clerk,
16t -FGE No. 14,^ Panama �-.. .,.^.July 16 Civil Affairs Bureau.
American Legion Auxiliary No. 3, Cnstobal ..-�-. -- July 2.3 *Henry J. McElhone, Jr., Planning
Gatun. 7:30 p.mI. ______________Estimator, Indutrial Bureau.
' _________~~~ ~"~~^~~~~'~~~ZThomas F. Roth, Jr., Accountant, Fi-
nance Bureau.
PROMOnTIONS A~ND TRN SFER SP James Turner, Postal Clerk, Civil


May 15 Through June 15 Mrs. Cornelia B. Laurie, from Clerk-
__ ---..______typist, F'inance Bureau, to Clerk-typist,
The following list contains the inames of ENGINEERING ANI) CONSTRUCTION Elec~triarl Divii~on.rrmBlcsit
those U. 5.-rate employees who were trans- BUREAU GruiplbetC Fosterafro Biteacksmithsto.
[erred from one division to another (ijiless Richard J. Mahoney, from PrincipalJricptFemnMatnneDiso.
the worwk is admin i1st rate or from Fn xwp rF ~ e IUCi Ioreman.i Maitenance )iiin to Co-HEALTH BUREAU
of work to another. It djoes no') contain struction Inspector, Contract and IIIspcC- Mrs Mary A. Hale, from Nurse, Gorgas
within-grade promotions or regnidings. tion Division. Hoptal, to Stf Nurse',? Cooa Hospita.
nf ^t r rrr nn ^~ Ruben D.tm Arosemena. fro Latacaf Nuse Dooa Hospta
.^x,.�,.f..�,.^,.r^ ^r>^,^.,� Ruben D. Arosemena, Irom LandscaDe ,,;.._ ,*_ ._ r> Tt^.-xT^-cc r_...., c^a






July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
(Continued from page zj) t, Lock Operator
Wireman, Pacific Locks.
Max W. Douty, from Wireman, Electri-
cal l)ivision, to Lock Operator Wireman,


Pacific Locks.
Clifford F. Allen, from Steam
Floating Crane to I)ipper I)redge
Dredging I division .
William Black, front Electri
visor to A\ssistant Superintendei
Locks.
Vernon C. Whitehead. front


igineer,.
I ginteer,


cal Super-
nt, P'acific
l Piot-in-


Training to Probationary Pilot, Navigation
division .
Duane LI. Bennett, from P'oliceman,
Police Division, to Security Patrolman,
Pacific Locks.
William V. Butler, from W\Vireman.


Electrical 1)ivision, to Lock Operator Wire-
man, Locks Divisioiin.
William F. Mornhinweg, Jr., from
Lockmaster to Electrical Supervisor, Pacific
Locks.
Clarence Jacobson, from Lock Operator
Wireman Leader to Lockmaster, Pacific
Locks.
William F. Young, from Control House
Operator to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks.
Bernice A. Herring, from I)ipper
Dredge Mate to I)ipper Dredge Operator,
Dredging I division .
Julian O. Russell, from P'ump Operator
to Drill Runner, I)redging division .
Captain Marvin J. West, from Chief,
Navigation Division, to Marine D)irector.
Captain William S. Parsons, from
Cristobal I Port Captain to Chief, Navigation
Division.
Alton E. Jones, from Chief Towboat
Engineer to Senior Chief Towboat Engineer,
Navigation Division.
RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU
Edward J. Dignam, from Foreman,
Grounds Maintenance I)ivision, to Fore-
manl, Terminals l)ivision.
Fred E. Campbell, from Wood alnd
Steel Carman to Car Inspector, Railroad
Division.
John G. McKenna, from Foreman Crib-
tender and Steam Engineer to Assistant
Relief Marine Bunkering Foreman, Termi-
nals Division.
Henry E. May, Jr., from Gauger, Divi-
sion of Storehouses, to Gauger and Crib-
tender Foreman, Terminals I)ivision.
SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
Noel F. McGinn, from Lifeguard,
Schools Division, to Storekeeper, D)ivision


of Store


Program For Canal Zone Girl Scouting
Covers Range Of Year-Round Activities
iContinued from page 21 for record and
publicity purposes, and the handbook rec-
ord books and other useful material which
goes to every troop.
Covers Training Expenses
In addition, the Community Chest
funds must cover such training expenses
as that of converting the national pro-
gram for use in the tropics, the rental of
training films and the mimeographing of
training material.
Salary for the Girl Scout part-time
clerks comes out of this money, as does
one of the Scouts' least known expenses,
insurance. The local Girl Scout Council
carries a special liability insurance which
covers every member of the council
against any possible suit for negligence,
and the girls are covered by insurance
when they make special trips of any sort.
For some years Girl Scouting in the
Canal Zone was administered by two
councils, one at Cristobal and one in
Balboa.
Several years ago the two councils conm-
bined in order to provide better profes-
sional help and training for leadership.
The council office is in Balboa. It was
moved recently from its old headquarters
in the Balboa elementary school to its
new location in the old Balboa dispensary
building.
The president of the Canal Zone Girl
Scout Council is Mrs. Stanley Hamilton
of New Cristobal who is serving her
second one-year term. Mrs. J. A. Bial-
owski of Coco Solito is vice president for
the Atlantic side and Mrs. M. D. Mon-
agan of Curundu is the Pacific side vice
president.


ouses


Oliver H. Erdman, from Heavy Truck
Driver and Tire Rebuilder to Supervisor,
T'ire Reclaiming Plant, Motor Transporta-
tion I)ivision.
Walter H. Hobby, from Painter, Body,
and Layerout Repairman, to Supervisor,
Body Repair Shop, Ancon, Motor Trans-
portation I)ivision.
Wilson H. Waldron, from Painter, Body
and Laverout Repairman, to Supervisor,
Body Repair Shop, Cristobal, Motor Trans-
portation D)ivision.


mramummesumrv= * a p


Home


Grown


Doctor

iGorgas


Dr. Charles F. Lester was born in
Gorgas Hospital and is now back in his
birthplace literally for his internship,
following his graduation from Yale Medi-
cal School.
His wife, the former Hilda J. Hinz, is
also a Canal Zone girl grown up, although
she was born in Panama Hospital. She
has just obtained a master's degree in
music majoring in organ from Yale
University.*
Dr. Lester is the son of Charles Lester.


Chief of
the Per
The y
of C. L
Heights
from the
Both


sonnh
'oung
. Hin
Pos
SPers
Dr.


Balboa Eleme
was also grad
Junior Colleg


U. S.-rate Records Branch of
1el Bureau, and Mrs. Lester.
doctor's wife is the daughter
z, Postmaster at the Balboa
t Office just across the hall
onnel Bureau, and Mrs. Hinz.


and Mrs. Lester attended
ntary and High Schools. He
uated from the Canal Zone


?, and


obtained


a B. A. from


the University of Oklahoma before
entering medical school.
His wife was graduated from Oberlin
College before entering the Yale Univer-


�,
sitv Graduate Sc
Dr. Lester a
Canal service,
summers as a stu
teacher, clerk, an
* S * 11 1


*hool.
already has cons
having worked
dent assistant, su
d medical technic
1 11 it i


iderable
several
bstitute
ian. His
� i


Interns


*


,





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


New


Governor


Seeing


Can
08ll


Spends

al Zone


Busy

Jobs


Month


And


People


Villages Antedating Settlement Of U. S.
Lie Buried Under Waters Of Gatun Lake
(Continued from pag! 6) French days, and
during the American occupation has
been a small canal village.
Across the Chagres river from San
Pablo is Caimito, one of the names
found on Esquemeling's map. It was a
canal labor camp in the French time and
also under the Americans until the work
at that point was finished. Of this class
also is Mamei, likewise a railroad station
in 1862, and little more than that today,
although it was the location of several
quarters for Canal workers a few years
ago.


Gorgona
Pizarro to
Colombia,
such treac
that this n
or that t
found in t


THE LITTLE LEVERS which open and close the giant gates and valves of Gatun Locks are ex-
plained to Governor Seybold by B. G. Tydeman (right), Control House Operator, while Captain Marvin
J. West (left), the new Marine Director looks on. The picture above was taken during one of the many
field trips Governor Seybold has taken to Canal installations all over the Canal Zone since his arrival
early last month.


Few, if any, employees could claim they
were busier last month than Governor
John S. Seybold.
Since the time he and Mrs. Seybold
stepped from the Panama liner Panama
on the morning of June 9, his office hours
and many hours every day after offices
closed have been filled with activity.
His first four-week period will be cli-
maxed by an address at the Independence
Day patriotic exercises to be held at 3:30


o'clock in t
Balboa Sta
the annual
American
be held thi
Governo
get out int'


he
diu
F


afternoon of July Fourth at
im. He also plans to attend


fourth o


Society of
is year at
r Seybold
o the field


f July party of the
Panama which will
Panama Golf Club.
did not take long to
and see the installa-


road and Terminals Bureau; the Indus-
trial Bureau shops; quarters; Commissary
retail stores; Clubhouses; Police and Fire
Stations; Hotel Washington; Storehouses;
Gatun Locks; post offices; and Colon
Hospital.
Other Field Trips
Other field trips during the past three


wee
inst
The
Dre
Pla
Plai
and
and
Tiv


ks
all
'se
dg


have taken him to the principal
nations or work of the Pacific side.
have included Madden Dam; the
ing Division; Miraflores Filtration


b
ai
be
her
am
he
bhe


(A)
o

o
a
NJ -
MO
O1 -
ml-
-i1=
O -^
a^
09


ears the name given by
n island off the coast of
cause he found around it
ous currents. It may be
'e was adopted arbitrarily,
Chagres River travellers
river at this place some


eddies which reminded them of the
currents off Gorgona Island.
Of this place Otis says: "The native
town of Gorgona was noted in the earlier
days of the river travel as the place
where the wet and jaded traveller was
accustomed to worry out the night on a
rawhide, exposed to the insects and the
rain and in the morning if he was fortu-
nate regale himself on jerked beef and
plantains."
In the French time large shops were
situated here, at the point where the
American shops now are, known as Bas
Matachin.
At the time of the first Canal Zone
census in 1908 its inhabitants numbered
1,065 whites, 1,646 blacks and 39 Chinese,


a total of 2,750.
The population
to the expansion
lower parts of the
by the waters of C
fore, the shops wil
year to the site re


has increased owing
of the shops, and the
village will be covered
]atun Lake and, there-
l be moved in about a
)served for the perma-


nent machine shops in Balboa.


New


Port Captain


nt; Sosa Hill Quarry; the Reproduction
nt at Diablo Heights; the Tank Farms
Oil Handling Plants; Postal, Customs,
Immigration Division work; Hotel
oli; quarters and Clubhouses; and the


Canal Zone Exneriment


Gardens.