Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
Gift of the Panama Canal Museum


PANAMA


CANAL


=


Vol. 2, No. 12 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JULY 4, 1952 5 cents


PAST


FISCAL


YEAR


WAS


CROWDED


WITH


EVENTS


OF


GREATEST


SIGNIFICANCE


CANAL'S


HISTORY


New Lieutenant Governor


And


Wife


arrive


Soon


Organization
First Birthd


a


Observes
te Under


New


Plan


Of Operation


Lt. Gov. HARRY O. PAXSON
Col. Harry 0. Paxson has been ap-
pointed the new Lieutenant Governor of
the Canal Zone and will take over his
new position in the Canal organization
following his arrival here about July 10.
With the Lieutenant Governor when he
arrives will be his wife and their two
daughters, Nancy Lurline, 18, and Alice
Manley, 16.
They will come from Washington, D. C.,
where Lt. Gov. Paxson has served for
about two years on the faculty of the


Mrs. MARGARET PAXSON


Deputy Engineer for the Fif
the Mediterranean area in 194
with the Intelligence Missi
Africa in 1942. He served in I
in 1943.
His World War II decorat
the Legion of Merit with tw
Clusters, the British Order of
Empire, and the French
Reconnaissance.
Lt. Gov. Paxson was born
phia, attended grade school in


th Army in
[4; and duty
on to West
North Africa


ions include
o Oak Leaf
f the British
Medaille de
in Philadel-
St. Charles,


Events of far more than pass-
ing interest and significance to
Isthmian residents crowded
each other day after day during
the entire fiscal year which
ended last Monday.
The fiscal year 1952 will un-
doubtedly be long remembered
and written into the Canal's
history as a BIG year.
The most outstanding news of the entire
year occurred on the very first day of the
past fiscal year, July 1, 1951, when the
fiscal system for Canal operations was
changed. The significance of this change
which has been discussed in most issues of
THE CANAL REVIEW for more than a year,
extends far beyond the Canal Zone or
Isthmian borders.
The transition period resulting from
this change still is not ended. Attention
was called to this important fact in Gover-
nor Seybold's first public address in the
Canal Zone. It will be several weeks yet
before the final results, financially, of the
Canal's operation under the new arrange-
ment are tabulated.
Meanwhile, the Canal's main function,
the transiting of ships, has gone on apace.
In fact, practically all the old records on
.-.t : nnir a 4-1,..ntl n ~^4i'\ fi, n on o1 ni W o rn l,,'l~r o





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


Program

Covers


For


Of


Zone

Year-


Girl


OU1


Scouting

id Activities


Canal Zone Girl Scouts, between the
ages of 7 and 17, have a chance this
month to polish up their camp lore or to
work toward the badges which are the
visible marks of their achievements.


While S5 little Brownies, the youngest
of the three Girl Scout divisions, are at-
tending day camp at the Diablo school,
dozens of their older sisters, in the inter-
mediate group, are enrolled in shorter, if
more concentrated, camping sessions on
the third floor of the Fort Kobbe school
building.
And on the Atlantic side, some of the
still older group, the Girl Mariners, are
trying out the fine, newly-renovated sail-
boat Carina which they have on loan
from the Sea Scouts until the girls can
get a sailboat of their own.
Although the Girl Scouts of the Canal
Zone have no permanent summer camp
like the Boy Scouts' Camp El Volcan,
summer is a busy time for all of this fast-
growing organization.
At one time the Girl Scouts had a camp
at Madden Dam. Later they used as a
summer camp an abandoned anti-aircraft


gun position near Fort Kobbe.


Today,


however, camp activities are restricted to
the day-camps or to the 24- to 72-hour
sessions at the Kobbe school.
Panama Is Brownie Theme


For the Brownies in the


Diablo day


camp, this year s theme is Panama.


their eigh
this mont
dances, he
manian bi
the stories
do some


In


t summer day-camp sessions
h, they will learn Panamanian
taught how to identify Pana-
irds and flowers, hear some of
of this part of the world, and
handicraft with native shells,


clay, and plants.
The girls at the Kobbe school, who
began their camping activities late in
June, are operating on a troop basis.
Each group is accompanied by at least
one adult who has been licensed to head
troop camping. Facilities are available
at Kobbe for up to 40 girls at one time.
They are living in troop units but cook-
ing their meals together over outdoor
fireplaces. Some of the girls will hear a
talk by a Canal pilot on his job, by a


(IlL MARINERS, a division of the senior group
of ( iirl Scouting, need a boat, of course, llere are
he girls of (irl ariner ship 53, a new Atlantic sidel
group, with their 15-foot sailboat (trina which they
have borrowed from the Sea Scouts and put inli
condition to use inside Li mon Bay. The girls worked
from April to late June on the ('ar,.i, which is
named for a constellation and which was put into
the water June 22. Six of the girls trained to sail the
railroad man on what goes into running
a railroad. Crafts work includes the
making of temhleques the shivery, shim-
mering hair ornaments of carnival time
and shell jewelry from shells the girls
have collected themselves.
Girls Are Scouting Juniors
Girl Scouting in the Canal Zone is much
younger than Boy Scouting. This year


the Girl S
celebrates
Women
been Girl
the Scout
1934. Th


cout Council of the Canal Zone
its eighteenth year.
who grew up here recall having
Scouts during the 1920's, but
Council was not formed until
e first troops of official Scout


record were in 1934, at Fort Amador and
at the Post of Corozal. Three years later
the number had increased to 200 Scouts


('ritnia in the July 4 races.
Left to righl, in the pht(
are: Pat lIddy. Alice ('h
iHoddyl, Shirley Tohin, ai
very junior Mariner in th
cot, two-year-oii Piat iBr
Edward ('. Br own is ,m
The other leader is Mrs.


)graph above, the Mariners
ambers, June Hiley, Peggy
md 1)iane D)elaney. The
e (lrina is the troop mas-
own, whose mother, Mrs.
e of the MAariner leaders.
Iitoell EIhwell.


with 60 leaders; today there are 890 girls
enrolled in the three Scouting age groups;
275 adults, of whom 96 are leaders, are
serving in the Council, on troop commit-


tees and


associates.
For adm
Zone (trl
of the Girl


on other


committees and


Itrative purposes, the Canal
huts come under Region 11
uts of America. This region


includes New York State, New Jersey,
the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the
Canal Zone.
Today there are 48 Girl Scout troops
in the Canal Zone. Two of them are in-
active at the present time but will prob-
ably resume their activities in the Fall.
The largest group, the 503 Brownies who
are between 7 and 10 years old, are en-
rolled in 25 of these troops. Seventeen


- 1 a ~ ---t a -


other troops are devoted to the


Inter-


Canal


Range





July 4, 1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Employee


Delegates


The


Employees


Meet

At


New

June


Governor

Conference


"These conferences are very instructive
to me; I'm learning a great deal from
them," Governor John S. Seybold told
minployee representatives attending the
monthly conference June 26 at Balboa
Heights.
"I think that it is very desirable that
we maintain them," he added.
The Governor's statement came at the
close of his first conference one which
was concerned with subjects ranging from
a continuation of the previous month's
discussion on proceeds from a recent
chmnce recital at the Balboa Clubhouse,
through security procedure at the locks,
gasoline prices, the method of quarters
assignments, to possible furloughs in the
Industrial Bureau.
The conferences, popularly known as
"shirtsleeve conferences," were started
two years ago. They are attended by
delegates from the civic councils and from
all organized U. S.-rate labor groups.
Company representatives who attended
the conferences in addition to the Gover-
nor are Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Di-
rector; Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Executive


Assistant to the Governor; a
and a representative of THE
CANAL REVIEW.


secretary
PANAMA


Conference Procedure
The usual procedure, which was fol-
lowed by Governor Seybold, is to start
around the table, giving each representa-
tive an opportunity, in order, to raise
questions for discussion or to be answered,
to question current rumors or to present
other matters which have been discussed
in the group he or she represents.
The first questions at the June confer-
ence were brought up by Rufus Lovelady,
President of AFGE Lodge No. 14, who
presented two rumors: That there is some
indication that the 25 percent salary dif-
ferential is again threatened, and that
rents are to be increased.
Governor Seybold said that nothing has
been discussed locally on the matter of
the differential; that if there were such
discussion in the United States he knew
nothing of it. On the rental situation, he
said the Company's Board of Directors is
1 *il i t i j--1


Fe" enterprises of a comparable size have
the diversity of activity and yet the singleness
of purpose as the operation of the Panama
Canal.
Here in the Canal Zone, an area of only a
few hundred square miles, are found most of
the governmental, social, scientific, and
normal community functions generally en-
countered in an entire nation. Yet, all of
these are directed toward one mission the


transiting of
Pacific Oceaq


ships between


It is difficult to express t


personal


message to


organization, my sober
t for a singleness of


the Atlantic and


o you in this,
the employees
reflections on


purpose


among


employees in all categories. The employee
who fails to comprehend his own job or its
part in the overall objective and fails to
pursue his or her job with that factor in
mind is sadly out of step.
The Canal organization did not achieve
its great reputation for efficient operation by
disunity. The builders of the waterway
would have failed in their objective without


unity in purpose an
from the waterboy to t
same spirit of unity
today to achieve the
this organization has
Only three days ag


d direction


he top executive.


effort,
The


is no less necessary
main task for which
its being.
o the Panama Canal


Company observed its first birthday as the
entity established by our Congress to conduct
the affairs of the Panama Canal, which is
an international utility of great importance


to world commerce. Despite the wide vari-
ance of the work performed, the Panama
Canal Company and its sister organization
the Canal Zone Government, have the same
mission, the same overall objective.
The men and women who have any job
in this single-purpose, dual organization
form a single team. It is idle to speculate
if one job is more important than another;
if some work is more essential or closer to
the heart of the enterprise than some other;
if the holder of some job has more authority,
has a higher salary, or has more responsi-
bility than another. They must all act with


a unity of
This un


purpose.
ity, in private enterprise,


ernmental work,


in social


Endeavor,


can be


achieved by only one method by each
member of the team doing whatever his or
her task may be, well and cheerfully. Those
who do this in the Canal organization need
have no fear of their future with the organ-
ization.
The employees of the Canal organization


should not presuppose that unity which I am
stressing so much now is in any
manner stifling either to their ambition or
promotion. Quite the contrary is true.
Those, no matter who they are, who do their
jobs well and who work in harmony with
their fellow employees can expect and may
expect consideration for work of more re-
sponsibility and more pay. This much I can
faithfully promise you as the administrative
head of the Company-Government.
As I begin my term of office as Governor
of the Canal Zone and President of the
Panama Canal Company it is my desire to
express through this medium my personal
pride in being associated with this enter-
prise. As your co-worker I shall concen-
trate my devotion and my earnest effort in
performing my job well. Only in this man-
ner can I gain your confidence, respect,


and cooperation.
It has been my personal pleasure to meet
many of you already. I sincerely hope that
the duties of my office will not be so confining
that I cannot rapidly widen this circle of
acquaintances among the Canal personnel.
Whenever time permits I plan to visit you
at your work. And whenever the opportu-
nity permits I look forward to meeting you
and your families in your daily walks of life.
As the administrative officer of this enter-
prise, I consider your problems my prob-
lems. I, too, expect to be a part of the team
on which the diversity of tasks is great but
the overall objectives are narrowed to the one
mission of serving well the maritime cornm-


merce


in gov-


operation and some means of striking a
balance between public panic and indif-
ference was discussed generally but with-
out conclusion.
/1^ -------_ --- L'.. I -11 A t A- 4- L i4' 1-. SnnM/-r,,r~r


Canal Zone; a question as to the legality
of an Executive order conferring on the
Governor the right of search as part of
lock security measures; the cost of gaso-
I;,,, A.-.lirn'r.iA 4,,- fl0-i,0 r Z., 7 ,nnt bcanS._


the world.





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4, 1952


Paraiso,


Fast


Growing


Pacific


Side


own,


Ahead


One


Of


THE


Oldest


NEW


Settlements


ARAISO


If Schedule

Masonry Fe


For


mily


144

Units


Paraiso, one of the oldest settlements
in the Canal Zone, is now one of the fast-
est growing communities on the Pacific
side.
Its history dates back to the time when
there were no written records. It was one
of the first settlements used by the French
Canal Company in 1882 as headquarters
for a "chantier" or working section, and
it became even more important d(luring
the construction period under the Amer-
icans.
At least twice within the past 15 years
it has been abandoned and revived.
Its present growth is the result of 244
family units being built there under'a
$1,77.,574 contract with Tucker McClure
The work is about a month ahead of
schedule and the first of the new houses
will be completed about October, under
the present schedule. The final comple-
tion date for the whole contract is next
May. This is the largest of the Pacific
side housing contracts for this fiscal year.
Early History Unknown
Little is known about the early history
of Paraiso, or Paradise in English, but it
is believed to have been a settlement long
before the Spanish explorers came to the
Isthmus. It had one of the finest springs


and furni
found on


1 0
shed the purest water to be
the Isthmus. It is known to


m
V-


*-- -


THE TOWN OF PARAISO is one of the fastest growing communities in the Canal Zone. A total
of 244 family units are being erected there by Tucker McClure, contractor for the work. The houses are
duplexes and are of a similar type to those already built in other local-rate communities. The contract
includes the building of streets and the installation of various facilities. Rapid progress is being made
and it is expected that the first of the houses will be ready for occupancy by next October. Residents of
Red Tank will be assigned the new houses on a seniority basis.


PARAISO


IN


1906


have been an important point on the
trans-Isthmian trek of early Spanish con-
quistadores across the Isthmus on what
was known as the "dry-season trail."
It was first selected as a permanent
settlement during the early 1850's when
the Panama Railroad was being built. A
40-foot cut for the new railroad was dug
there. After the rails were laid along the
new roadbed a torrential rain swept back
the earth and covered the tracks to a
f-S ,4A ,\ g<+ ^ * -III n. . I ....... .. ..... gl ... -.. I A* -


-- ~r


Contractor


i


I







July 4,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


SAFETY IN THE DIVING SCHOOL


The Salvage Depot and
was organized and established
the direction of the Superin
Mechanical Division (now
Bureau) with William Haddet
Salvage Master and Master
of operations.
Mr. Badders was selected f
because of the 22K4 years of t


he had had


while


on act


ive du


Diving School
d in 1943 under
tendent of the
the Industrial
rs designated as
Diver in charge


or this
his sort


position
of work


tv in the U.


Navy. The Navy agreed to leave him on
inactive duty to work with the Canal's Sal-
vage Depot and Diving School.
The purpose of the establishment was, and
is, to train divers and salvage personnel so
that they would be capable of performing
any salvage project required to keep the
Canal, channels, and ports open to shipping.
They were also to be able to do all routine
diving such as underwater construction,
surveys, repairs to ships, etc.
Personnel to be trained were selected from
among employees of The Panama Canal who
had served at least two years in their trade.
They had to be in the artificer branch; be
between 20 and 30 years old; and he in good
physical condition. The idea was to train
all craftsmen to ply their trades under


WILLIAM BADDERS, Salvage Master and
Master Diver, Salvage Section, Industrial Bureau, is
also in charge of the diving school at Gatun. While
he was serving in the United States Navy he was
decorated with the Congressional Medal of Honor,
the Navy Cross, and the Navy and Marine Corps
Medal for heroism on three different submarine sal-
vage jobs. The most spectacular and best-known of
these, for the danger involved, was the raising of the
sunken submarine Squalus in 1939.


Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
May


AWARDS THIS CALENDAR


YEAR


Community Services--------------.
Industrial -------------------------
Civil Affairs.-------------------
Health.---- ---- .------
Engineering and Construction-----.
SMarine----------------------------
Railroad and Terminals------------
rnnils andl QCarr,'a


water. To date 35 .Panama Canal employees
have been trained as divers. Each has spent
at least 144 hours under water to make a
total of 5,040 hours of underwater time.
The Navy Department reviewed the
school curriculum and requested that it be
made available for U. S. Naval personnel.
The Master Diver was authorized to rate
the Navy men as Salvage Divers or Divers


Second


Class.


Thirty-one
training as T
total of 4,464
Altogether
have had a


train
accider
one or
water
be prot
The
the fa
Canal
50,000
at one
The P
single ]
The
and di
in this


Navy men received the same
he Panama Canal divers, for a
hours under water.
Panama Canal and Navy men
grand total of 9,504 hours in
r water, with only one lost-time
to diving. The fact that only
these men had ever been under
makes this a safety record to


Diver


is even more


ct that graduates
Divers School ha
hours under water,
of the most hazardo
anama Canal organic
lost-time injury due
very latest and mos
ving equipment was
training program a


lishment of a cen
which to move e(
needed.
T' t .


proud of


of The Panama
ve worked over
since graduating,
us occupations in
ization without a
to diving.
t modern salvage
procured for use
nd for the estab-


salvage
meant to


t .. C. I-- I I


water,


and truck,


equipment; tt
sired depth--,
was away froi
the bottom of


were needed


water
to 85 f
traffic;


Gatun


nearby
eet-f
and


La


an ideal training ground
Training classes were
divers. On graduation e
tiicate, signed by the
them Dl)ivers Third Cla
rate they were returned
shops to be called as
personnel when they wei
Here are some of the jo
graduates of the school.
Divers removed a fully
that was jammed betw


propelled


er of a Libert


sidered so ticklish t
personal effects and
job was finished.
They raised the U
after she sank in th
breakwater.
They demolished
Liberty ship which
broken in half outsi


had the de-
training and
hip lying on


ke at this s
for divers.
made up o
ach receive
Governor,
ss. With
to their r
divers and


dte made

f 6 to 10
ed a cer-
making
this dual
espective
salvage


needed.


s accomplished by


Sch
?en


~en
y ship; t
hat the
left the

. S. Na


[e


arged,
the ru
his job
crew t
vessel


entrance


the b
had r
de the


water.
They placed live mines
two different ships which
the Canal channel.


They have refloated
numerous vessels which
i i


tug Wenewa
of Cristobal

section of a
aground and
stobal break-

id demolished
re sunk near


y using beach gear
were aground, and


nave made emergency repairs to damaged
ships too numerous to count.
In the construction line graduates of the
diving school have performed all of the
diving on the new docks at Diablo, all diving
for the laying of the trans-Isthmian pipe-
lines for the Navy, and all diving required in
connection with the opening of the third pen-
stock at Madden Dam power station-a job
that was in 120 feet of water.
They did all underwater work required
during construction of the marine railways
at Mount Hope and many other jobs that
required from hours to weeks of diving.
In addition to such work the divers have
spent thousands of hours in making under-
water inspection of damaged ship bottoms
making detailed reports for ship agents to


determine wheth
bedrydockedorc
In every case,
was called upon,


polished
divers
gardless
This
lished a
men in


er the damaged ship must
would continue on its voyage.
regardless of which diver


they have al


ways accom-


the tasks assigned to them.
usually take their regular turns
Sof the task involved.
group of divers has not only est
n outstanding safety record, but
it can more than hold their own '
,,- 9.


:ab-
the
vith


HONOR


ROLL


COMMUNITY


SERVICES


BUREAU
HEALTH BUREAU


INDUSTRIAL


BUREAU


move


re
)b


<


VV


- '


**


I|





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


Villages

Lie


Antedating


Buried


Under


Settlement


Waters


of


of


U.


Gatun


Lake


Because of the general intere4 of present
day Zonians in what the Canal Zone was
like way back when, THE PANAMA CANAL
REVIEW publishes a condensation of an
article on the Lake villages. It appeared
originally in the CANAL RECORD of
December 6, 1911.


The villages between
achin will be covered
Gatun Lake. They
important in the sens
center of any peculiar
fact, they are little
hamlets, yet they ha
in American history,
known to European
years before Jamesto
Massachusetts Bay
colony.
It is probable that


m (atun and Mat-
d by the water of
have never been
e of size, or as the
Lr type of life. In
more than jungle
ve a distinct place
because they were
civilization many
wn was settled or
was an English
most of them date


from the early days of navigation on the
Chagres River, when it was one of the
most used routes for commerce across
the Isthmus. Among these are Ahorca
Lagarto, Barbacoas, Caimito, Mata-
chin, Bailamonos, Santa Cruz, Cruz de
Juan Gallego, and Cruces (Venta Cruz).
The region in which these lake settle-
ments are situated will probably not be
under water before August 1912, but the
railroad track will be torn up in Febru-
ary and therefore the native hamlets and
American canal settlements are being
moved, the houses torn down to be
erected again elsewhere, or, in the case of
shacks, merely abandoned in the jungle.
It is difficult to persuade some of the
inhabitants that the inundation will
ever take place. One old bush settler,
after receiving repeated warnings heed-
lessly, ventured it as his opinion that
the Lord had promised never again to
flood the earth.


The old village
on the river flats be
was abandoned in
now covered by 80
under Gatun Dam.
abandoned, the
church, priest's ho
small shops, and 90
of all descriptions,
with nalm thatch


of Gatun, which lay
low the present town,
1908 and the site is
feet of rock and earth
At the time it was
village contained a
use, school, a dozen
or more small houses
from the bamboo hut
tno the tvnical shet-


iron-roofed shanty. Most of the build-
ings were moved to the new townsite,
now known as new Gatun.
Old Fort At Gatun


The antiquity o
because none of
masonry. In his
Morgan, Esquem
day they sailed
came to a place
Here a party of


f the place is uncertain


its building
narrative o
eling says,
only six le
called De
his men w


only to sleep and stretch I
being almost crippled with


gs were of
f the pirate
"The first


iagu
los
'ent
heir
lyi


much crowded in the boats.
rested awhile, they went abroad


es, and
Bracos.
ashore,
limbs,
ng too
Having
to seek


victuals in the neighboring plantations;
but they could find none, the Spaniards
being fled and carting with them all
they had."


The local
to that of (
of Do los
old Gatun,
the region
settled. It
Spaniards
above the
old fort are


tion
Gatui
Brac
the
the
is
had


on
n.


the river corresponds
Even if the situation


os is not identical
narrative indicates
reabout was some
also known that
erected a fort 120


river, and evidences of
found today.


In the early days of the California
immigration, it was the first stopping
place in the canoe journey up the Chagres,
where "bongo-loads of California travel-
lers used to stop for refreshments on their
way up the river, and where eggs sold
four for a dollar and the rent for a ham-
mock was $2 a night."
In 1881 the French chose Gatun as
the site of one of the canal residencies,
erected machine shops there and built
a number of quarters for laborers, calling
the new section "Cite de Lesseps."
This continued as a center of the work
of excavation until 1888 when all opera-
tions ceased, not to be resumed here
until 1904.
When the Americans arrived in 1904,


Gatun was the center of a
large river trade. Banan
produce from the Gatun,
Chagres Rivers were brou
transshipment by rail and f
The next settlement of a:
up the river from Gatun i
twepn thn two villnrp arp


comparatively
as and other
Trinidad, and
eight there for
:or sale.
ny importance
s Bohio. Be-
thrna hamlnftQ


Lion Hill, Tiger Hill, and Ahorca Lagarto.
The first two are essentially railroad
camps that have persisted since 1851
when they were, successively, the term-
inus of the road.
"Hang The Lizard"
Ahorca Lagarto, however, is on a bend


in the
resting
in canm
Otis (a
says: "
lizard,'
place oi
named
pitched
body of
from a
lizard,


river, an
place fo
)es. Of
British
Ahorca
deriving
n the Ch.


d may well have been a
r the cramped travellers
the origin of its name
historian of about 1860)
Lagarto, 'to hang the
its name from a landing
agres near by; this again,


from having, years back, been
upon as an encampment by a
government troops who suspended
tree their banner, on which was a
the insignia of the Order of


Santiago."
Until recently Bohio has been called
Bohio Soldado (Soldier's Home). The
French made it the site of one of their
district headquarters in 1862; here as
well as at any place can be seen today
the plan of the sea-level canal which
included the main channel and two hrge
diversions or drainage ditches, one on
each side of the canal proper.
Near Bohio are the hamlets of Penas
Blancas and Buena Vista, both on the
river and each merely a collection of
huts of various descriptions. Frijoles
is the next railway station, a village of
784 inhabitants in 1908.
Here for many years an old Frenchman
ran a distillery in which he made rum of
such good quality that he boasted that
it was sold in Colon to rectifiers who
made it into "genuine French cognac."
Tabernilla, the next village, was one
of the centers of French work and there
was a small field repair shop at this point.
During the American occupation it be-
came a village of over 2,000 inhabitants
because here is situated the largest
dumping ground on the canal work.
Bridge At Barbacoas
Between Tabernilla and San Pablo,
the railroad crosses the Chagres River at
Barbacoas. San Pablo was originally a
plantation worked by Catholic priests.
It was a railroad station in 1862, was a
lahamrQ' onmn in the (it nne fi\





July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


PANAMA


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Printing Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
JOHN S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President
E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary

J. RUFUS HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MClLHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those ofsufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.
SUBSCRIPTIONS-Sl.00 a year
SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
publication date.
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-10cents each
BACK COPIES-I0 cents Each
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights.
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to the Editor, THE
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights,
C.Z.

TO SUSCRIBERS
Please notify us promptly of any change in your
mailing address. Post Offices everywhere have pre-
pared postal card forms for notices of changes of
address.


Terminals Superintendent


Canal
has bx
t ion
iiniec
The
in gra
through
sonnel
Rat
above
Direct
troller
of any
if fun


DIRECTOR VISITS ZONE


'a.
.
.. ,
S' \-
\. ,- l


* .
..* 6
. 's ,*
I ~ r E


Di


EDWARD D. McKIM, member of the Board of
Directors of the Panama Canal Company, and his
son, Laurence, were visitors to the Canal Zone for
two weeks last month. It was Mr. McKim's second
visit to the Isthmus this year, having attended the
Bard of Directors meeting held here last January.
Mr. McKim, whose home is in Omaha, Nebraska, is
a member of the Executive Committee of the Board.
He is one of the leading insurance executives of the
United States and has served as Vice President of
the Mutual Benefit Health and Accident Association
in Omaha for the past 17 years.

Residents of 13 cottages on Ridge
Road in Balboa Heights have been noti-
fied that the clearing of the area has
been deferred and that they may re-
main in their present homes for an-
other 12 months and possibly longer*
It was planned originally thatthe
occupants of the houses would be
moved by August 15 so that the cottages
could be demolished to make way for
new construction.


Classification Committee, which
-ly fixed ratings for positions in the


OF CURRENT INTEREST


Placement of a new 72-inch sewer and
connecting collector lines in Balboa and the
repaying of Amador Road bI Maintenance
Division forces will be completed in about
a month.
Construction of the sewer is one of the
first major projects in a proposed long-range
development plan for Pacific side sewage
disposal.
The repaving of Amador Road, which
started about two months ago, was com-
pleted the first of July except for about
1,000 feet near the Boy Scout Shack.
That remaining portion will be paved and
an allied project, construction of an addi-
tional traffic lane on the west side of Balboa
Road between La Boca Road and the Ama-
dor Road intersection will be completed
about August 15.
Ten new civilian doctors are starting
1-year rotating internships at Gorgas
Hospital in the annual first of July
turnover of medical personnel entering
and leaving hospital training programs.
There are also 16 residents in training
at Gorgas, some of whom started their
residencies on the first of the month
and others who are in their second or
third year of residency training. Only
two of the residents are Army physicians.


Three New Executives


Of Canal Arrive Soon

Three new Canal officials are expected
to arrive on the Isthmus to take over
their new duties early next week.
Brig. Gen. Don Longfellow, new Health
Director, will arrive by transport about
July 10.
Col. Craig Smyser, who will become
Engineering and Construction Director,
is expected to arrive on the same ship.
Dr. Walter G. Nelson, who will assume
the position of Chief of the Division of
Preventive Medicine and Quarantine, is
expected to arrive July 7 on the Cristobal.
General Longfellow will come from
Washington, D. C., where he has been on
duty in the Office of the Surgeon General.
He served in the Canal Zone for about
a year in 1930 as a physician at Colon
Hospital.
He was born in Hobbs, Ind., attended
high school at Windfall, Ind., obtained a
B. S. and M. D. at Indiana University and
a Master of Public Health degree from
Yale University.
General Longfellow is also a graduate of


ganization
abolished


or
een


t GS-8 o
executive


r above,
e regula-
effective


of June 16 which becav
tiately.
* authority to fix ratings f
odes GS-1 through 11
,h 10 has been delegated
Director.
ings for positions graded
will be reviewed by th
or with the concurrence o
concerning the manager
position-(if the position
ds are available, etc.)


+-lrth G -nf


ne


or positions
and CPC-1
to the Per-

GS-12 and
e Personnel
f the Comp-
Kent aspects
n is needed,
and will be


'1 ~~ b"r\r/n // t


anorove y e overnor.





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


ourth


uly


BLACK UMBRELLAS were fashionable sunshades for spectators on July 4, 1912.


MARINE AND SAILORS scaled a wall near the Tivoli as part of the 1912 festivities.


Fourth of July celebrations in the
Canal Zone are about as old as the Canal
Zone itself. The first was in 1905.
From 1907 to 1919, according to old
records, the Fourth of July celebrations
were official in nature. The Chairman of
the committee in charge was named by
the Governor, or, before the Canal was
opened, by the Chairman of the Isthmian
Canal Commission. During the war years
of 1917 and 1918 the Chairman was se-
lected by the Commanding General.
In 1915, at the suggestion of C. A.
McIlvaine, then Executive Secretary, the
official celebration was omitted. In 1920
Governor Chester Harding decided that
no official celebration would be held and
left the manner of celebrating Indepen-
dence Day to the various communities.
Ever since, the Atlantic and Pacific
communities have arranged their own
celebrations.
In 1923 the American Legion sponsored
the July 4th celebration in the Canal Zone
and in 1924 Wilson Kromer, then Assist-
ant Auditor and later Comptroller, was
dismayed at the lack of interest in a com-
munity celebration. Hevoluntarilyserved
as Chairman of an Independence Day
committee and arranged for a celebration
so that the children, at least, would have
a good rousing July 4th.
Since the mid-1920's, a committee for
the celebration of Independence Day has
been composed of volunteer members.
From this committee a general chairman
is elected to direct activities each year.
Usually a meeting of this committee is
called in March or April by the general
chairman who had served for the preced-
ing year's celebration.
Oldtime Family Picnics
Oldtime Fourth of July activities in the
Canal Zone resembled old-fashioned fam-
ily picnics much more than do the some-
what more formalized observations of to-
day. And much more emphasis was laid
on sports than on patriotic exercises in
those days.
The CANAL RECORD, faithful reporter
of Canal Zone activities for the construc-
tion period and some years thereafter, re-
counts at some length details of the cele-
bration of 1908. That for 1907 is dis-
missed with the phrase that the 1908 cel-
ebration was to "follow generally that of


)f





July 4,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


A^NO


of it as a prize for the winner, and a horse
race between volunteer fire companies.
At noon warships in Cristobal harbor
fired a 21-gun national salute.
On the Pacific side in 1908, one Lt.
Glen E. Edgerton was a member of the
Independence Day Committee. Thirty-
two years later he was Governor of the
Canal Zone.
That year Pacific side events included
a bucking-horse contest, a wall-scaling
contest between sailors and marines, a
ball at the Hotel Tivoli, and all kinds of
sports and athletic events.
During the next few years the official
celebration alternated between the two
sides of the Canal Zone. In 1911, for
instance, Cristobal was the site of the
official activities; in 1912 it was the Paci-
fic side's turn. There were smaller, non-
official celebrations "along the line" with
part of the July 4th funds going to the
line towns for fireworks.
1912 Celebration Gala Affair
In 1912 the committee, headed by Rear
Adm. H. H. Rousseau, for whom the town
of Rousseau is named, planned an elab-
orate celebration. There was a picnic "on
the slope where the Ancon school stands,"
track and field events on a ball park near
the Hotel Tivoli, and aquatic events, in-
cluding diving from an 85-foot tower, in
Balboa harbor.
The roads leading to the Hotel Tivoli
were decorated in the national colors,
hung over three improvised arches. Three
bands-from the ICC, the Marine Corps,
and the Infantry-furnished music at a
concert at the Tivoli. Rainy weather cur-
tailed the fireworks display from Old Res-
ervoir Hill, but a ball at the Tivoli suc-
cessfully concluded the day's festivities.
After the official sponsorship ceased and
July 4th celebrations became community
affairs, the days' programs were concen-
trated largely on sports, children's activ-
ities, and such. A fireworks display was
always the crowning feature of the day
and band concerts were usually scheduled.
With the beginning of World War II
the community programs were somewhat
curtailed and much greater emphasis was
laid on the patriotic exercises.
In 1940, for instance, President Frank-
lin D. Roosevelt's July 4th address was
rebroadcast to local audiences.


one


KIDDIE TRAINS are important for the younger July 4th celebrators.


MANY TROOPS as well as friends from Panama were high spots of July 4, 1942.


Sty le


:/





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4, 1952


Longtime M

Has


There ren t


maintenance


Record


Division


Years


tmany people, here or
> ~ ~ . *


anywhere else, who ran boast of having
wtrke(d in the same office for 45 years.
But that is the record of Eustace E.
But cher, olie helper for the Maintenance


Division in (Gatun.
Butcher, who was born in Barbados in
ISS7 he will 1be 65 years old on July 9 -
was a tailor by trade when a Canal re-
cruiting team came to Barbados in 1907.
Their offer sounded good and, along with
several hundred of his countrymen, the
young tailor started on what turned out
to be the adventure of his life.
The trip from the islands, he recalls,
was pleasant and for him, anyhow, not


marred by seasickness. He has never
been back to Barbados since he arrived,
so he really isn't too good a judge of his
seafaring ability.
When he arrived here Butcher began
work for the Municipal Division and he
has been a Municipal Division employee
- first when it was the Municipal Division
and now the Maintenance Division-ever
since. The first day and a half, he recalls,
"they put a shovel in my hand" to build
a dam at Gorgona.
For the next 5 months, he worked at
Las Cascadas, most of the time carrying
mail between Las Cascadas and the head
office at Bas Obispo. These four round
trips daily he made on foot and, he says,
"the sun was hot in those days, hotter


than it ever is now. It burned your eyes,
then."
In Gatun Since 1907
In August 1907, Butcher was trans-
ferred to the Municipal Division's Gatun
office to work as a messenger, storeman,
and office helper. That office was on land


which is now
Butcher has n
in Gatun and
lived in the
Gatun.
Except for


under water. Since 1907
ever worked anywhere but
for the past 33 years has


same


quarters,


10 days in 1938,


FORTY


when he


Incas


Worker


Office


EUSTACE E. BUTCHER
was a hospital patient, he has never
missed any time because of illness.
Butcher is married. He and his wife
never had any children of their own, but
they have one adopted daughter who has
lived with them since she was a baby.
Her two children, 6 and 4 years old, are
just as much Butcher grandchildren as if
they were really blood-kin.
Forty-five years ago, when Butcher
first came to Panama, he tried to do a
little tailoring on the side. But office
work and outside tailoring are too hard
on the eyes, he said, and he soon gave
that up. For a while he sold bus tickets
as an outside occupation, but he has also
given that up. Church work and activity
in several lodges now keep him busy after
office hours.


YEARS AGO


In
June


The tug Reliance with three barges in


An account of the operations of Ancon
-* .. --. k T-... .-- J----


' Society


Records
Presented


Same


from French dump cars, gift of J. F.
Prager; local wood specimens, gift of
E. L. Farlow; a collection of local photo-
graphs, the gift of Col. George H. Hesner,


Among Gifts


To C. Z. Library-Museum
A number of items of historical interest
or of interest to local naturalists have
been added recently to the permanent col-
lection of the Canal Zone Library-Mu-
seum.
Included in the recent gifts is a collec-
tion of the letters, clippings, and papers
of Charles L. Parker, relative to his activ-
ities in the Society of the Incas. This
collection was given to the museum by
J. Wendell Greene, Treasurer of the Pan-
ama Canal Company.
The late Mr. Parker came to the Canal
Zone in October 1904 as a "copyist." He
later worked as a clerk, chief clerk, assist-
ant depot quartermaster, and was also a
survey officer. In 1927, he was made
Deputy Marshal of the District Court and
served until his death in September 1937.
The Society of the Incas was composed
of men and women who went to work for
the Isthmian Canal Commission or the
Panama Railroad during the year 1904.
For many years this group held an annual
dinner on May 4, the anniversary of the
date when the United States Government
took over the French canal property.
Society of Incas Pin
Members of the Society were entitled
to wear a pin of white, green, and gold,
which showed a map of the North and
South American continents drawn to scale
with the figures "1904" across the face.
On the reverse side there were the words
"Society of the Incas" and "Panama
Canal."
Other recent gifts, some of which are
not yet on display for lack of suitable
space, are:
A mug from the old Century Club, gift
of Leopoldo Arosemena; a collection of
local shells and samples of local wood,
gift of the Girl Scouts, through Miss Mary
L. Patton; an excavation sample, core
drill, gift of J. M. Culpepper; relies from
Gorgona and Las Cruces trails, gift of
C. W. Kilbey; stuffed local animals, gift
of G. W. Pougher: journal box covers


364-E,





July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Canal


U:


Enterprise

under U. S.


Passes


Since


50th


First


Birthday


Basic


aw


Passed


The Panama Canal as an enterprise of
the United States last Saturday passed
its Golden Anniversary.
The date-June 28, 1902-is now little
remembered by the general public. It was
on that date when President Theodore
Roosevelt signed the Spooner Act into
law. Succeeding years and momentous
events have crowded the launching
of the Canal enterprise into obscurity.
The famous Spooner Act authorized the
President to buy the rights and properties
of the New French Canal Company and
"to cause to be constructed" an Isthmian
canal of sufficient capacity and depth to
provide "convenient passage for vessels of
the largest tonnage and greatest draft now
in use, and such as may be reasonably
anticipated."
The passage of the Spooner Act by
Congress had come after many years of
investigation on isthmian canal routes and
plans. It also came after a long and acri-
monious debate in Congress over the route
to be selected. The important aspect was
the change in the original Bill in Congress,
which already passed the House, from the
recommendation for the Nicaraguan route
to the word isthmiann" route. This ac-
tually opened the way for the construction
of the Panama Canal, which had been
blocked by the first Bill.
The Spooner Act was actually an


amendment to the


original legislation. It


was introduced in the Senate by Senator
John C. Spooner of Wisconsin after the
Walker Commission had submitted a sup-
plementary report on its first recommen-
dations favoring the Nicaraguan route.
This supplemental report was made after
the French Canal Company had notified
the Walker Commission that it would sell
its rights and properties on the Panama
Canal route for $40,000,000, the estimate
of its value set by the Walker Commission.
After this supplemental report was sub-
mitted Senator Spooner introduced an
amendment to the original legislation
which virtually made it into a new Bill.
Debate on the Spooner amendment
opened in the Senate June 4 and came to
a vote June 19 after much stormy debate.
It passed the Senate by a vote of 67 to 6.


MEMBERS OF THE first Isthmian Canal Commission, on the front row shown above, at one of
their early meetings were: Left to right-Maj. Gen. George W. Davis, who was appointed the first Gov-
ernor of the Canal Zone; Rear Adm. John C. Walker, named Chairman of the Commission; Frank J.
Hecker; and William Barclay Parsons. Standing at the back, left to right, are: William H. Burr, Benjamin
M. Harrod, and Carl E. Grunsky. The Commission held its first meeting on the Isthmus in March 1904.
Governor Davis issued his first Proclamation as Governor on May 19, 1904. The picture above is


reproduced from Joseph Bucklin Bishop's The Pan

mission with Rear Adm. John G. Walker
as Chairman. Other members were Maj.


George W. Davis, who
Sthe first Governor of the C
iam Barclay Parsons, Bet
*od, Frank J. Hecker, V
, and Carl E. Grunsky.
ost of these members had


the original
appointed in
to investigate
canal route.
commission
basic legisla
the Panama


was to be-
,anal Zone,
njamin M.
Villiam H.
served on


Walker Canal Commission,
1899 by President McKinley
e and recommend an isthmian
It was the report of this
which later resulted in the
tion for the construction of
Canal which became known


as the Spooner Act.


Balboa


Waterfront


amra Gateway.


The first meeting of the first Isthmian


Canal Commission was h
1904, in Washington. A
Col. William Crawford G
mission arrived in Colon
for their first visit to the
members inspected the pi
and first established h
Colon in addition to thi


quarters in Pan
ferred from the
The Commissio
Isthmus before
to settle down t
izing the trem
equipment, and


Is Home


nama City


ield March 22,
accompanied by
orgas the Cornm-
April 5, 1904,
Isthmus. The
proposed project
headquarters in
e Pacific head-
already trans-


French Canal Company.
n spent two weeks on the
returning to Washington
o the major task of organ-
endous work, purchasing
employing personnel.


Granny





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July4,1952


First


Houses on
Complete


Pacific Side
d By Canal


Division


work min the area has been done by the
Maintenance Division, whose estimate for
the housing construction was about $60,-
000 or 18 percent below the bid prices
submitted by contractors for the housing.:
The house construction started the first
of February. The site development work
in the area was done by the former Muni-
cipal Division-now part of the Mainte-
nance Division-in the 1951 fiscal year.
The former houses in the Morgan Ave-
nue-Pyle Street area were primarily four-
family structures, built originally in con-
struction towns along the line of the
Canal from about 1907 to 1910 and re-
located in Balboa about 1914.


Ten


Years Ago in June


r L., --
--. e....aaa.- ... : =..
THIS IS ONE of the first two new houses completed in the Canal's 1952 quarters building program.
These houses were built by the Maintenance Division.


Two cottages that were only "1952 con-
struction projects" last month are now
homes for two Canal families.
Captain and Mrs. Richard C. Sergeant
and their young daughter, Kay, and Mr.
and Mrs. W. W. Wood effected the trans-
ition recently when they moved furniture
and fixtures, bag and baggage, into the
first houses to be completed in the 1952
quarters-building program.
Their new homes are on Morgan Ave-
nue near the intersection of the newly-
relocated Pyle Street, looking down the
hill toward Balboa Road and right over
the top of the Scottish Rite Temple.
The two new three-bedroom houses are
part of the so-called Morgan Avenue-Pyle
Street development that is changing the
face of the hillside from a cluster of old
gray construction day houses, to a muddy
or dusty building site and finally the new
yellow, green, and buff colored cottages
and duplexes now being completed.
The new houses occupied by the Ser-

Fourth of July, Canal Zone Style

(Continued from page 9) for the Pacific
side and one for the Atlantic side. M. E.
i i n ri------_ _- ---


geants and the
cottages. Theren
and three dupl
development is
of August.
The new house
ment at the ra
until the area
tenants.
The site deve


Woods are three-bedroom
Swill be five more cottages
exes in the area when the
completed about the end

ses will be ready for assign-
te of about two a week
is filled with new Canal


lo


J


pment and construction


Axis submarine warfare moved uncom-
fortably close to the Canal Zone. Between
June 3 and June 14 thirteen allied ships
went to the bottom under shells or torpe-
does, or both. Five of the ships were sunk
in one day, June 5.
Hundreds of survivors, some of them
carrying the lifebelts which had saved
their lives, were ashore here. Many of
them proudly displayed the autographs
placed on the belts by fellow survivors in
lifeboats. In at least one case survivors
were two-timers. Members of the crew of
the Dutch freighter Crynssen had been
picked up by the oreship Lebore, only to
have theLebore torpedoed soon thereafter.
Local shops stayed open on Sundays to
provide clothing for the torpedoed men,
many of whom arrived clad only in under-
wear and heavy coats of suntan.


In the Editor's Mail






July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


OUR OUT-OF-DOORS

Some of the first things spotted by
visitors to the Canal Zone Experiment
Gardens at Summit are the cannonball
trees. Several trees are located near the
entrance to the gardens and others are
scattered through the grounds.
There are drones among trees, for they
have no economic importance. Techni-
cally known as Couroupita guianensis,
they are among the most curious trees of
tropical South America.


IT'S OBVIOUS why this is called a cannonball
tree. Several specimens are in the Experiment
Garden at Summit.
They bear fleshy, fragrant, and unusual
shaped flowers on long woody stems which
emerge without any evident pattern from
the trunk and large branches of the trees.
The common name, of course, comes
from the large globular fruit, which is
about the size of a human head and re-
sembles a rusty cannonball.
The fruit, which takes eight or nine
months to ripen, contains a mass of very
disagreeable smelling pulp. This is
creamy-white when the fruit is first
opened but it soon turns green and then
brown as oxidation takes place.
The cannonball tree is closely related to
the well-known Brazil nut, Bertholettia
excelsa, and to the monkey pod, Lecythis
elliptica and Lecythis turyana.
June Bugs
Gardeners around the Canal Zone are
l -,. ,,1,,,A i-bo, At O o Yin; f h t ,-i


Have you noticed you've been eating
potatoes lately?
Some people in the United States haven't,
you know.
The papers said so, and radio newscasts,
and so did lsthmians who were visiting there
Commissary customers ate potatoes all
through the shortage in the United States,
thanks to one of the Division's purchasing
agents in New York.
He sounded the warning that sent an
order flying that kept potatoes in Commis-
sary bins right through it all.
You don't have to pat him or the Com-
missary Division on the back for their
foresight.
That's their business-keeping potatoes
on your table-and beans and rice and
butter and all the staples it takes to keep
Canal people full and happy.
And, at times, that business has been
harder than it was during the potato shortage,.
About two months ago the purchasing
agent in New York told Commissary I)ivi-
siotun people on the Isthmus that soon there
just weren't going to be very many potatoes-
despite the surpluses of a short time back
when they were being burned and given
away.
So the people on the Isthmus issued pur-
chase authorities for a longer advance period
than usual.
True to the agent's prediction potatoes
got shorter and shorter in the United States.
News stories and letters from people who
were there told about black markets, tie-in
sales, and other marks of a real shortage.
At the same time on the Isthmus there
were more potatoes than usual in the cold
storage warehouse-because of foresighted
orders,
The potato situation wasn't always so
rosy with the Commissary l)ivision. On a
recent Friday night less than a day's supply
of the old crop of potatoes remained in
the warehouse.
But, come Monday and another Panama
Line ship, there were more potatoes-from
the first of the new crop in the United States.
The new potatoes went out to the retail
stores that night and were on sale when the


Past Fiscal Year Crowded With Records Of
Greatest Significance In Canal's History


(Continued from


1) initiated more than


$680,000 worth of such wor
Other major projects of
nance Division during the
installation of the intercep
in Balboa on which over
snrnt durintr t'he nast, vynar


k.
' the Mainte-


year was 1
tor sewer 1
$480,000 v
Part of t


111r^


Commnissary doors opened Tuesday morning.
Price controls had been removed in the
meantime and with a lot of buyers bidding
for the short supplies the new potato crop
entered the market at two cents a pound
more than the old crop.
But potatoes are one of those staples the
Commissary Division considers a necessity
for its customers and the new potatoes were
purchased---even if they did cost more.
So it goes-with potatoes and all the other
staples stocked by Canal commissaries.
The recent potato problem was compara-


tively easy as far a:
concerned. Things
transport workers g
without letting the
on their plans, lea
stranded on piers
instance.
Or, for really rou
war days when train


theC
only t
subm;
SBut
BiiI
Comn
(50 I11W
some
get it
Canal
that g
and
Canal


s "stock protection" was
are not so simple when
o out on wild-cat strikes,
Commissary Division in
ving Commissary goods
or in railroad cars, for

gh times, there were the
loads of merchandise for


I i I r


ommissaries were neaded ior one p(
to have that port closed because <
marine threat on one of the ocean lar
There have been few times when
lissary Division didn't manage to f
goods some place and some means
to the stores and customers in
Zone-the routine and important
oes on day in and day out and year
year out to keep food available
people.


Many Commissary customers may not
know that the Balboa and Margarita Corn-
Artist missaries sell a complete line of
A ,. artist colors in tubes and the most
Supply generally used types and sizes of
brushes.
Although the supplies are suitable for use
by the best artists, salesclerks will not insist
that you present a sample of your work to
buy them.
The supplies can be put to good use by a
lot of nonartists who dabble only in handi-
craft and home decorating as well as the
potential Raphaels in the arty set. Learning
to paint can be fun, too, regardless of age or
lack of previous experience.


ward. This included the consolidation of
dispensaries, major improvements in the
facilities and services at Gorgas Hospital,
and the completion of arrangements to
purchase the Health Bureau's drug and
medical supplies through the Army, which
is expected to result in substantial
economies.


Some of the major changes in
munity Services Bureau were


the Cornm-
the var-


*





14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4,1952



THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR ANNIVERSARIES

JULY 17th- American Legion Auxiliary No. 6, Em plovees who observed important anni-
\t Trac FoeeN p71 ~~x Gamboa, 7-3o p. m versarles during the month of Jutne are listed
H & Hrc Shop;.'Ao m nlh 2Oth-CI4U-MTC, Margarita Clubhouse, alphabetically below. The number of years
No. 3857, -s \-cl rans Uli 8:30 a. m. 111(11cldes all Government service, with the
6h n-VFW !ON 21.st-ieas ~uu ^ Electrical Workers, No. 677, Gatun Cana or other agencies. Those with con-
7th Postoal E .mplyes No., 23 Bal Masonic [empty, 7:30 J) n m ititiotis service with the Canal are indicated
I7th I Postal IPy^ LII. 7231 0Ial- TruckDrivers Balbo LHIe all, 7:30 wilh 30 ear
Pedro Migutel Civic Council, I Fimon ^f'~ a~BF~nps\ .
(ii lrnl, 7 p). m- 22d-Operating Engineers, No. 595, Hal- Howard C. Anderson, Carman Leading-
(:ristobal-Margarita Civic Council, Iw;)(X1R I"dge Fal 7 ;, V 111.. man, Railroads fDiviston.
Margaria (iubhousc, 7:30 p. m, -l d~i, Cr stoP.lw Ed, ft ~ol Arba E. Beck, Superintendent, Terminals
V'FW Post No. 727. Fort(l ayton, 7:3 A umerca Legionl Post No. 7 Fot 1)vsion.
Ill AmrClayteon, 7:30t po. i. William B. Hall, Mechanical Super-
VFW Post No. 3822, ('iirndu Road, Marine lEngieersl' Beneficial Asso- visor, Locks Diviion.
7:30 p- niii.to o ) ls lu -'^ *Percy L. Hooper, Fireman, Fire Divi-
American Legion P'osi No. 3, (ialm uilcation, No. 96, Ils ClubLIn, Mar^arita,
7:30 p. m. ^, Nt)," 88,o Ma./-i gait liiboi Agnew C. Jones, Towboat Master,
8th Electrical Workers, No. 397, W~rz 23d-,AFGE )regi. I8 aririvCtisi~. ^ ,^rhon.
Memorial 7^ :, p.- in 7:30an'ego Auiir No. 2. Merrill A. Stutzman, L~and Inspector,
VFW P'osi No- 100, (O)hd Box Scou p Amria Leio Auiir N 2, Community SevcsBureau.
Hii'Sidii~Citonbal, 7 J:3() iii.tla 24th_-Governor-Employee Conference, 25 Years
Amria Legionm PitN.7FirtCi- Board oo>,.m,,Amisration Build lg,,, R nyBEl.hefSresBac.

lxa, O 7:30n Aul.ar N" '.; 28th"~ Machinists No. 699, Marg~iriti 1K. Juan Hidalgo, Signalman, Navigation
9h^-alltrs 7:()o 91* gtba ^ VEW Auxllxniary, CQirtlndlu RoadI, 7 :.() *^Frank R. Mauldin, Power Dispatcher,
Pacific Civic Council, Board Room, lAUGUST Eugene K. Willett, Maintenance Me-
Adminisn-trationi Building, 7:30 p. in. linfHatRirii
American Legiion Post No. 2, Cristobal, lst--American L~egion Post No- 6, (.am-i chance, Heallth Bureau-
7:30 p. m boun, 7:30 jp. mf. 20 Years
I Ith~ Blacksmiths No. 400, with Boiler- Walter F. Allen,_____Truck. I )river, Motor
makers No. 463 and 471, Margarita---------- .wleF AenIrcDre.Mor
K. of C. I Ill 7:30O p. inI *I-. ransportation Division.
13th -Pipefitters, "Margarita Clubhouse, July V saiiings^ Samuel Cohen, Payroll Clerk, Payroll
9:30 i UJ UUII^ Division.
Sheetrmetal Workers, No. 157, BaloaIrisob Herman H. Keepers, Electrical Assist-
Clbhuse, 9:0 a ^ From Citbl ant, Aids to Navigation.
Plumbers, No. 606, i\argarila K. of C. Panama .-.July 4 15 Years
14th-Machinists No. 699, Margarita 1K. C thl .-.. -- -July 181 )ioer A.Alan itJINviato
of C. Hall, 7:30 n. 'm Robert H.ll Batrm Machiist, ndu
American Legion Post No. 1, Balboa, Panama. .._--. July 25 tra RBu!reau. ata ahit Ids
7:3^0 Pn in. Chriil res Ei.BednAcotaFine
15th-^Operating Engineers, No. 595, From New York CalsE edn conat iac
Mairgarita 1K of C. Hall, 7 p. iii .MedcalTecrn
Machinists No, 811, Balboa Lodgc i-ail, Crislobal - .,.. .Jul~y 2 Joaquin Benavides, MdclTcm
7.30 p. Bb. Clboue A neon < ... July 9 "Russell E. Heilmund, Postal Clerk,
16t -FGE No. 14,^ Panama -.. .,.^.July 16 Civil Affairs Bureau.
American Legion Auxiliary No. 3, Cnstobal ..--. -- July 2.3 *Henry J. McElhone, Jr., Planning
Gatun. 7:30 p.mI. ______________Estimator, Indutrial Bureau.
_________~~~ ~"~~^~~~~'~~~ZThomas F. Roth, Jr., Accountant, Fi-
nance Bureau.
PROMOnTIONS A~ND TRN SFER SP James Turner, Postal Clerk, Civil


May 15 Through June 15 Mrs. Cornelia B. Laurie, from Clerk-
__ ---..______typist, F'inance Bureau, to Clerk-typist,
The following list contains the inames of ENGINEERING ANI) CONSTRUCTION Elec~triarl Divii~on.rrmBlcsit
those U. 5.-rate employees who were trans- BUREAU GruiplbetC Fosterafro Biteacksmithsto.
[erred from one division to another (ijiless Richard J. Mahoney, from PrincipalJricptFemnMatnneDiso.
the worwk is admin i1st rate or from Fn xwp rF ~ e IUCi Ioreman.i Maitenance )iiin to Co-HEALTH BUREAU
of work to another. It djoes no') contain struction Inspector, Contract and IIIspcC- Mrs Mary A. Hale, from Nurse, Gorgas
within-grade promotions or regnidings. tion Division. Hoptal, to Stf Nurse',? Cooa Hospita.
nf ^t r rrr nn ^~ Ruben D.tm Arosemena. fro Latacaf Nuse Dooa Hospta
.^x,.,.f..,.^,.r^ ^r>^,^., Ruben D. Arosemena, Irom LandscaDe ,,;.._ ,*_ ._ r> Tt^.-xT^-cc r_...., c^a






July 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
(Continued from page zj) t, Lock Operator
Wireman, Pacific Locks.
Max W. Douty, from Wireman, Electri-
cal l)ivision, to Lock Operator Wireman,


Pacific Locks.
Clifford F. Allen, from Steam
Floating Crane to I)ipper I)redge
Dredging I division .
William Black, front Electri
visor to A\ssistant Superintendei
Locks.
Vernon C. Whitehead. front


igineer,.
I ginteer,


cal Super-
nt, P'acific
l Piot-in-


Training to Probationary Pilot, Navigation
division .
Duane LI. Bennett, from P'oliceman,
Police Division, to Security Patrolman,
Pacific Locks.
William V. Butler, from W\Vireman.


Electrical 1)ivision, to Lock Operator Wire-
man, Locks Divisioiin.
William F. Mornhinweg, Jr., from
Lockmaster to Electrical Supervisor, Pacific
Locks.
Clarence Jacobson, from Lock Operator
Wireman Leader to Lockmaster, Pacific
Locks.
William F. Young, from Control House
Operator to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks.
Bernice A. Herring, from I)ipper
Dredge Mate to I)ipper Dredge Operator,
Dredging I division .
Julian O. Russell, from P'ump Operator
to Drill Runner, I)redging division .
Captain Marvin J. West, from Chief,
Navigation Division, to Marine D)irector.
Captain William S. Parsons, from
Cristobal I Port Captain to Chief, Navigation
Division.
Alton E. Jones, from Chief Towboat
Engineer to Senior Chief Towboat Engineer,
Navigation Division.
RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU
Edward J. Dignam, from Foreman,
Grounds Maintenance I)ivision, to Fore-
manl, Terminals l)ivision.
Fred E. Campbell, from Wood alnd
Steel Carman to Car Inspector, Railroad
Division.
John G. McKenna, from Foreman Crib-
tender and Steam Engineer to Assistant
Relief Marine Bunkering Foreman, Termi-
nals Division.
Henry E. May, Jr., from Gauger, Divi-
sion of Storehouses, to Gauger and Crib-
tender Foreman, Terminals I)ivision.
SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
Noel F. McGinn, from Lifeguard,
Schools Division, to Storekeeper, D)ivision


of Store


Program For Canal Zone Girl Scouting
Covers Range Of Year-Round Activities
iContinued from page 21 for record and
publicity purposes, and the handbook rec-
ord books and other useful material which
goes to every troop.
Covers Training Expenses
In addition, the Community Chest
funds must cover such training expenses
as that of converting the national pro-
gram for use in the tropics, the rental of
training films and the mimeographing of
training material.
Salary for the Girl Scout part-time
clerks comes out of this money, as does
one of the Scouts' least known expenses,
insurance. The local Girl Scout Council
carries a special liability insurance which
covers every member of the council
against any possible suit for negligence,
and the girls are covered by insurance
when they make special trips of any sort.
For some years Girl Scouting in the
Canal Zone was administered by two
councils, one at Cristobal and one in
Balboa.
Several years ago the two councils conm-
bined in order to provide better profes-
sional help and training for leadership.
The council office is in Balboa. It was
moved recently from its old headquarters
in the Balboa elementary school to its
new location in the old Balboa dispensary
building.
The president of the Canal Zone Girl
Scout Council is Mrs. Stanley Hamilton
of New Cristobal who is serving her
second one-year term. Mrs. J. A. Bial-
owski of Coco Solito is vice president for
the Atlantic side and Mrs. M. D. Mon-
agan of Curundu is the Pacific side vice
president.


ouses


Oliver H. Erdman, from Heavy Truck
Driver and Tire Rebuilder to Supervisor,
T'ire Reclaiming Plant, Motor Transporta-
tion I)ivision.
Walter H. Hobby, from Painter, Body,
and Layerout Repairman, to Supervisor,
Body Repair Shop, Ancon, Motor Trans-
portation I)ivision.
Wilson H. Waldron, from Painter, Body
and Laverout Repairman, to Supervisor,
Body Repair Shop, Cristobal, Motor Trans-
portation D)ivision.


mramummesumrv= a p


Home


Grown


Doctor

iGorgas


Dr. Charles F. Lester was born in
Gorgas Hospital and is now back in his
birthplace literally for his internship,
following his graduation from Yale Medi-
cal School.
His wife, the former Hilda J. Hinz, is
also a Canal Zone girl grown up, although
she was born in Panama Hospital. She
has just obtained a master's degree in
music majoring in organ from Yale
University.*
Dr. Lester is the son of Charles Lester.


Chief of
the Per
The y
of C. L
Heights
from the
Both


sonnh
'oung
. Hin
Pos
SPers
Dr.


Balboa Eleme
was also grad
Junior Colleg


U. S.-rate Records Branch of
1el Bureau, and Mrs. Lester.
doctor's wife is the daughter
z, Postmaster at the Balboa
t Office just across the hall
onnel Bureau, and Mrs. Hinz.


and Mrs. Lester attended
ntary and High Schools. He
uated from the Canal Zone


?, and


obtained


a B. A. from


the University of Oklahoma before
entering medical school.
His wife was graduated from Oberlin
College before entering the Yale Univer-


,
sitv Graduate Sc
Dr. Lester a
Canal service,
summers as a stu
teacher, clerk, an
S 11 1


*hool.
already has cons
having worked
dent assistant, su
d medical technic
1 11 it i


iderable
several
bstitute
ian. His
i


Interns


*


,





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


July 4,1952


New


Governor


Seeing


Can
08ll


Spends

al Zone


Busy

Jobs


Month


And


People


Villages Antedating Settlement Of U. S.
Lie Buried Under Waters Of Gatun Lake
(Continued from pag! 6) French days, and
during the American occupation has
been a small canal village.
Across the Chagres river from San
Pablo is Caimito, one of the names
found on Esquemeling's map. It was a
canal labor camp in the French time and
also under the Americans until the work
at that point was finished. Of this class
also is Mamei, likewise a railroad station
in 1862, and little more than that today,
although it was the location of several
quarters for Canal workers a few years
ago.


Gorgona
Pizarro to
Colombia,
such treac
that this n
or that t
found in t


THE LITTLE LEVERS which open and close the giant gates and valves of Gatun Locks are ex-
plained to Governor Seybold by B. G. Tydeman (right), Control House Operator, while Captain Marvin
J. West (left), the new Marine Director looks on. The picture above was taken during one of the many
field trips Governor Seybold has taken to Canal installations all over the Canal Zone since his arrival
early last month.


Few, if any, employees could claim they
were busier last month than Governor
John S. Seybold.
Since the time he and Mrs. Seybold
stepped from the Panama liner Panama
on the morning of June 9, his office hours
and many hours every day after offices
closed have been filled with activity.
His first four-week period will be cli-
maxed by an address at the Independence
Day patriotic exercises to be held at 3:30


o'clock in t
Balboa Sta
the annual
American
be held thi
Governo
get out int'


he
diu
F


afternoon of July Fourth at
im. He also plans to attend


fourth o


Society of
is year at
r Seybold
o the field


f July party of the
Panama which will
Panama Golf Club.
did not take long to
and see the installa-


road and Terminals Bureau; the Indus-
trial Bureau shops; quarters; Commissary
retail stores; Clubhouses; Police and Fire
Stations; Hotel Washington; Storehouses;
Gatun Locks; post offices; and Colon
Hospital.
Other Field Trips
Other field trips during the past three


wee
inst
The
Dre
Pla
Plai
and
and
Tiv


ks
all
'se
dg


have taken him to the principal
nations or work of the Pacific side.
have included Madden Dam; the
ing Division; Miraflores Filtration


b
ai
be
her
am
he
bhe


(A)
o

o
a
NJ -
MO
O1 -
ml-
-i1=
O -^
a^
09


ears the name given by
n island off the coast of
cause he found around it
ous currents. It may be
'e was adopted arbitrarily,
Chagres River travellers
river at this place some


eddies which reminded them of the
currents off Gorgona Island.
Of this place Otis says: "The native
town of Gorgona was noted in the earlier
days of the river travel as the place
where the wet and jaded traveller was
accustomed to worry out the night on a
rawhide, exposed to the insects and the
rain and in the morning if he was fortu-
nate regale himself on jerked beef and
plantains."
In the French time large shops were
situated here, at the point where the
American shops now are, known as Bas
Matachin.
At the time of the first Canal Zone
census in 1908 its inhabitants numbered
1,065 whites, 1,646 blacks and 39 Chinese,


a total of 2,750.
The population
to the expansion
lower parts of the
by the waters of C
fore, the shops wil
year to the site re


has increased owing
of the shops, and the
village will be covered
]atun Lake and, there-
l be moved in about a
)served for the perma-


nent machine shops in Balboa.


New


Port Captain


nt; Sosa Hill Quarry; the Reproduction
nt at Diablo Heights; the Tank Farms
Oil Handling Plants; Postal, Customs,
Immigration Division work; Hotel
oli; quarters and Clubhouses; and the


Canal Zone Exneriment


Gardens.




Full Text

PAGE 1

Gift of the Panama Canal Museum nunc {p^'Z^'6' C^f ) Vol. 2, No. 12 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JULY 4, 1952 5 cents Lt. Gov. HARRY 0. PAXSON Mrs. MARGARET PAXSON PAST FISCAL YEAR WAS CROWDED WITH EVENTS OF GREATEST SIGNIFICANCE IN CANAL'^ISTORY New Lieutenant Governor Organization Observes And Wife To Arrive Soon First Birthdate Under New Plan Of Operation Events of far more than passing interest and significance to Isthmian residents crowded each other day after day during the entire fiscal year which ended last Monday. The fiscal year 1952 will undoubtedly be long remembered and written into the Canal's history as a BIG year. The most outstanding news of the entire year occurred on the very first day of the past fiscal year, July 1, 1951, when the fiscal system for Canal operations was changed. The significance of this change which has been discussed in most issues of The Canai, Review for more than a year, e.xtends far beyond the Canal Zone or Isthmian borders. The transition period resulting from this change still is not ended. Attention was called to this important fact in Governor Seybold's first public address in the Canal Zone. It will be several weeks yet before the final results, financially, of the Canal's operation under the new arrangement are tabulated. Meanwhile, the Canal's main function, the transiting of ships, has gone on apace. In fact, practically all the old records on shipping through the Canal were broken during the past 12-month period. For the first time in nearly 25 years all of the former monthly records for the number of ocean-going commercial vessels, the net tonnage, and tolls were broken. Although final figures are not yet tabulated, the old annual records for the number of transits, net tonnage of vessels, and cargo tonnage were broken. The former record of 6,289 transits by ocean-going vessels of more than 300 net tons, established in the fiscal year 1929, was broken June 20 when the MV Geria Dan, a cargo vessel of Danish registry, made the 6,290th transit of the year. The fiscal year 1952 was big in other ways for the Canal organization. Quarters Program Started The quarters replacement and construction program was started in a big way. Contracts for quarters and other work awarded during the past 12 months totaled more than $9,000,000, and the Maintenance Division (Contirued on page is) Col. Harry 0. Paxson has been appointed the new Lieutenant Governor of the Canal Zone and will take over his new position in the Canal organization following his arrival here about July 10. With the Lieutenant Governor when he arrives will be his wife and their two daughters, Nancy Lurline, 18, and Alice Manley, 16. They will come from Washington, D. C, where Lt. Gov. Paxson has served for about two years on the faculty of the National War College, from which he was graduated in 1950. The title of Lieutenant Governor is a comparatively new one in the Canal organization, having been created only about two and a half years ago. The appointment of a Lieutenant Governor is made by the Governor and, unlike the Governor, he is not ex officio a member and officer of the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company under the Company's bylaws. He must be appointed as Director and elected Vice President. Before Lt. Gov. Paxson's assignment to the National War College in 1949 he had served for about a year and a half as Military Assistant to the Secretary of the Army in Washington. He served as Deputy Chief of Staff for United States Forces in Austria from June 1946 to March 1947. His World War II service— in Italy and Africa -included duty with the Headquarters Operations Section of the 15th Army Group in Italy in 1945; service as Deputy Engineer for the Fifth Army in the Mediterranean area in 1944; and duty with the Intelligence Mission to West Africa in 1 942. He served in North Africa in 1943. His World War II decorations include the Legion of Merit with two Oak Leaf Clusters, the British Order of the British Empire, and the French Medaille de Reconnaissance. Lt. Gov. Paxson was born in Philadelphia, attended grade school in St. Charles, 111., and high school in St. Joseph, Mo. He was graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1927 and obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering from the University of Iowa in 1932. Both Lt. Gov. and Mrs. Paxson list among thenhobbies swimming, gardening, and reading. The Lieutenant Governor has also noted his interest in amateur radio and listed civic activities among his wife's special interests. Their elder daughter will enter Northwestern University this fall and theiidaughter, Alice, wiO be a junior at Balboa Higli School. JULY FEATURES # Girl Scouts and their activities — Pafie 2. Tlie Canal Zone celebrates Independence Day — yesteryear and today — Pages 8 & 9. # History of Paraiso, one of Zone's fastest growing towns — see Page 4. 9 Canal enterprise passes SOth anniversary of its start as a United States project — see Page 1 1 # Fii St houses completed in Morgan AvenuePyle Street area — see Page 12.

PAGE 2

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 Program For Canal Zone Girl Scouting Covers Range Of Y ear-Round Activities Canal Zone Girl Scouts, between the ages of 7 and 17, have a chance this month to polish up their camp lore or to work toward the badges which are the visible marks of their achievements. While 85 little Brownies, the youngest of the three Girl Scout divisions, are attending day camp at the Diablo school, dozens of their older sisters, in the intermediate group, are enrolled in shorter, if more concentrated, camping sessions on the third floor of the Fort Kobbe school building. And on the Atlantic side, some of the still older group, the Girl Mariners, are trying out the fine, newly-renovated sailboat Carina which they have on loan from the Sea Scouts until the girls can get a sailboat of their own. Although the Girl Scouts of the Canal Zone have no permanent summer camp like the Boy Scouts' Camp El Volcan, summer is a busy time for all of this fastgrowing organization. At one time the Girl Scouts had a camp at Madden Dam. Later they used as a summer camp an abandoned anti-aircraft gun position near Fort Kobbe. Today, however, camp activities are restricted to the day-camps or to the 24to 72-hour sessions at the Kobbe school. Panama Is Brownie Theme For the Brownies in the Diablo day camp, this year's theme is Panama. In their eight summer day-camp sessions this month, they will learn Panamanian dances, be taught how to identify Panamanian birds and flowers, heiusome of the stories of this part of the world, and do some handicraft with native shells, clay, and plants. The girls at the Kobbe school, who began their camping activities late in June, are operating on a troop basis. Each group is accompanied by at least one adult who has been licensed to head troop camping. Facilities are available at Kobbe for up to 40 girls at one time. They are living in troop units but cooking their meals together over outdoor fireplaces. Some of the girls will hear a talk by a Canal pilot on his job, by a CIRL MARINERS, a division of the senior jjroup of Girl Scouting, need a boat, of course, Here are the gii'ls of tiirl Mariner ship 53, a new Atlantic side group, with their 15-foot sailboat Carina which they have borrowed from the Sea Scouts and put into condition to use inside Limon Bay. The girls worked from April to late June on the Carina, which is named for a constellation and which was put into the water June 22. Six of the girls trained to sail the Carina in tlie July 4 races. Left in right, in the photograph above, the Mariners are: Pat Roddy, .^lice Chambers, June Riley, Peggy Roddy, Shirley Tobin, and Diane Delaney. The very junior Mariner in the Carina is the troop mascot, two-year-old Pat Brown, whose mother, Mrs. Edward G. Brown is one of the Mariner leaders. The other leader is Mrs. Russell Ellwell. railroad man on what goes into running a railroad. Crafts work includes the making of temblequesthe shivery, shimmering hair ornaments of carnival time— and shell jewelry from shells the girls have collected themselves. Girls .\re Scouting Juniors Girl Scouting in the Canal Zone is much younger than Boy Scouting. This year "the Girl Scout Council of the Canal Zone celebrates its eighteenth year. Women who grew up here recall having been Girl Scouts during the 1920's, but the Scout Council was not formed until 1934. The first troops of official Scout record were in 1934, at Fort Amador and at the Post of Corozal. Three years later the number had increased to 200 Scouts WHEN BROWNIES, the youngest of the three Girl Scout groups, become old enough to become Intermediate Scouts they "fly up" to the next senior group. Here Troops 34, 8, and 18 hold a Court of Awards and BrowTiic "fly up" at Coco Solo. with 60 leaders; today there are 890 girls enrolled in the three Scouting age groups; 27.5 adidts, of whom 90 are leadei's, are serving in the Council, on troop committees and on other committees and as associates. For administrative purposes, the Canal Zone Girl Scouts come under Region II of the Girl Scouts of America. This region includes New York State, New Jersey, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Canal Zone. Today thei'e are 48 (Jirl Scout troops in the Canal Zone. Two of them are inactive at the present time but will probably resume their activities in the Fall. The largest group, the 503 Brownies who are between 7 and 10 years old, are enrolled in 25 of these troops. Seventeen other troops are devoted to the Intermediates, the 10to 14-year-olds, who total 310 members. The Senior Scouts, who include the Girl Mariners, are from 14 to IS years old. There are 77 of these senior scouts, in six troops. Scouts In Every Town Every community where there are girls of scouting age is represented in the Girl Scout program. There are Girl Scout "Little Houses" in Gamboa, Gatun, Ancon, Pedro Miguel, Dialilo, and Balboa. In the past two years there has been a 50 percent increase in the number of Girl Scouts from Canal Zone military posts and stations. These girls now account for 47 percent of the local Scout membership. Like Boy Scouting here and in most U. S. communities. Girl Scouting is a Community Chest activity. The funds obtained from the Community Chest — last year these amounted to $2,493.69 — go to cover administrative expenses such as office rent, telephones, stationery, bulletins for adult members, postage, equipment which is used by all troops in the Canal Zone, photographs (See page 15)

PAGE 3

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Employee Delegates Meet New Governor At June^onference "These conferences are very instructive to me; I'm learning a great deal from them," Governor John S. Seybold told sfettiployee representatives attending the monthly conference June 26 at Balboa Heights. "I think that it is very desirable that we maintain them," he added. The Governor's statement came at the close of his first conference— one which was concerned with subjects ranging from a continuation of the previous month's discussion on proceeds from a recent dance recital at the Balboa Clubhouse, through security procedure at the locks, gasoline prices, the method of ([uarters assignments, to possible furloughs in the Industrial Bureau. The conferences, popularly known as "shirtsleeve conferences," were started two years ago. They are attended by delegates from the civic councils and from all organized U. S.-rate labor groups. Company representatives who attended the conferences in addition to the Governor are Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director; Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Executive Assistant to the Governor; a secretary and a representative of The Panama Canal Review. Conference Procedure The usual procedure, which was followed by Governor Seybold, is to stai't around the table, giving each representati\-e an opportunity, in order, to raise questions for discussion or to be answered, to question current rumors or to present other matters which have been discussed in the group he or she represents. The first questions at the June conference were brought up by Rufus Lovelady, President of AFGE Lodge No. 14, who presented two rumors: That there is some indication that the 25 percent salary differential is again threatened, and that rents are to be increased. Governor Seybold said tha,t nothing has been discussed lo(-ally on the matter of the differential; that if there were such discussion in the United States he knew nothing of it. On the rental situation, he said the Company's Board of Directors is concerned with rentals and that a study of these will probably be made. Mr. Dunsmoor explained that the differential rumor may stem from a General Accounting Office question some time ago on the propriety of paying this to other than heads of families and Mr. Doolan reminded the conferees of statements in earlier conferences that some houses which are not to be demolished may be revalued in connection with rentals. Civic Council Questions The Rev. P. H. Havener, of the Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council, presented three questions: The layout of the proposed bachelor quarters, civil defense, and Cristobal parking facilities. Atlantic side bachelors, he said, have suggested a revised layout for the bachelor apartments and his Council supports their stand. This matter was to be referred to the Engineering and Construction Bureau for further information and the question of parking will go to the Traffic Committee for consideration. Civil defense, the lack of funds for its To The Employees . Few enterprises of a comparable size have the diversity of activity and yet the singleness of purpose as the operation of the Panama Canal. Here in the Canal Zone, an area of only a few hundred square miles, are found most of the yovernmental, social, scientific, and normal community functions generally encountered in an entire nation. Yet, all of these are directed toward one mission — the transiting of ships between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It is difficult to express to you in this, my first personal message to the employees of this organization, my sober reflections on the need for a singleness of purpose among employees in all categories. The employee who fails to comprehend his own job or its part in the overall objective and fails to pursue his or her job with that factor in mind is sadly out of step. The Canal organization did not achieve its great reputation for efficient operation by disunity. The builders of the waterway would have failed in their objective without unity in purpose and direction of effort, from the watcrboy to the top executive. The same spirit of unity is no less necessary today to achieve the main task for which this organization has its being. Only three days ago the Panama Canal Company observed its first birthday as the entity established by our Congress to conduct the affairs of the Panama Canal, which is an international utility of great importance to world commerce. Despite the wide variance of the work performed, the Panama Canal Company and its sister organization the Canal Zone Government, have the same mission, the same overall objective. The men and women who have any job in this single-purpose, dual organization form a single team. It is idle to speculate if one job is more important than another; if some work is more essential or closer to the heart of the enterprise than s(}me other; if the holder of some job has more authority, has a higher salary, or has more responsibility than another. They 77iust all act with a unity of purpose. This unity, in private enterprise, in governmental work, in social endeavor, can be achieved by only one method— by each member of the team, doing whatever his or her task may be. well and cheerfully. Those who do this in the Canal organization need have no fear of their future with the organization. The employees of the Canal organization should not presuppose that unity which I am stressing so much now is in any manner stifling either to their ambition or promotion. Quite the contrary is true. Those, no matter who they are, who do their jobs ivell and who work in harmony with their fellow employees can expect and may expect consideration for teork of more responsibility and more pay. This nmch I can faithfully promise you as the administrative head of the Company-Government. As I begin my term of office as Governor of the Canal Zone and President of the Panama Canal Company it is my desire to express through this medium my personal pride in being associated with this enterprise. As your co-worker I shall concentrate my devotion and my earnest effort in performing my job well. Only in this manner can I gain your confidence, respect, and cooperation. It has been my personal pleasure to meet many of you already. I sincerely hope that the duties of my office will not be so confining that I cannot rapidly widen this circle of acquaintances among the Canal personnel. Wlienever time permits I plan to visit you at your icork. And lehenever the opportunity permits I look forward to meeting yon and your families in your daily ivalks of life. As the administrative officer of this enterprise, I consider your problems my problems. I, too, expect to be a part of the team on which the diversity of tasks is great but the overall objectives are narrowed to the one mission of serving well the maritime commerce of the world. operation and some means of striking a balance between public panic and indifference was discussed generally but without conclusion. Governor Seybold said that he foresees no possibility of obtaining funds for Civil Defense, at present at least. J. J. Tobin of the Central Labor Union reported that Industrial Bureau employees fear that they will be furloughed for lack of work and asked how long such furloughs could be expected to last. The Governor commented that it is impossible for anyone in any position to make an assurance of a' future work load. Quarters Assignment Walter Wagner, Central Labor Union President, expressed his organization's disapproval of quarters "freezes," and pointed out what they consider the unfairness of priority assignments to desirable new houses of employees with comparatively short service whose houses are to be demolished, while employees with longer service are unable to apply for these same houses. Other matters brought up included: Service and menus at the Pedro Miguel Clubhouse; a question as to whether the Pure Food and Drugs Act applies to the Canal Zone; a question as to the legality of an Executive order conferring on the Governor the right of search as part of lock security measures; the cost of gasoline delivered in the Canal Zone; beneficiaries for leave payments; and complaints about the service at Colon Hospital, which led to a general discussion of the inability of getting either civilian or military doctors for service with the Canal. Attending the conference were: the Governor, Mr. Doolan and Mr. Dunsmoor; Charles W. Hammond, C. W. Chase, Mr. Havener, Raymond Ralph, S. W. Sowa and William H. Ward from the Civic Councils; Robert Daniels, Railway Conductors; H. J. Chase and Mr. Lovelady, AFGE; Daniel Kiley, Pacific Locks Employees; James Ahearn, Plumbers; Mr. Wagner, Mr. Tobin and C. W. Hoffmeyer, Central Labor Union, and Anch-ew Lieberman, Marine Engineers. In 1905 quarters were assigned to "gold" roll employees of the ICC on the basis of one square foot of floor space for each $1 of monthly salary. Wives were entitled to an equivalent amount, children to five percent of this space for each year of age.

PAGE 4

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 Paraiso, Fast Gro\ving Pacific Side Town, Is One Of Oldest Settlements Contractor Is Ahead Of Schedule For 144 Masonry Family Units Paraiso, one of the oldest settlements in the Canal Zone, is now one of the fastest growing communities on the Pacific side. Its history dates back to the time when there were no written records. It was one of the first settlements used by the French Canal Company in 18S2 as headquarters for a "chantier" or working section, and it became e\'en more important during the construction period under the Americans. At least twice within the past 15 years it has been abandoned and revived. Its present growth is the result of 244 family units being built there under 'a $1,77S,.574 contract with Tucker McClure The work is about a month ahead of schedule and the first of the new houses will be completed about October, under the present schedule. The final completion date for the whole contract is next May. This is the largest of the Pacific side housing contracts for this fiscal year. Early History Unknown Little is known about the early history of Paraiso, or Paradise in English, but it is believed to have been a settlement long before the Spanish explorers came to the Isthmus. It had one of the finest springs and furnished the purest water to be found on the Isthmus. It is known to have been an important point on the trans-Isthmian trek of early Spanish conquistadores across the Isthmus on what was known as the "dry-season trail." It was first selected as a permanent settlement during the early 1850's when the Panama Railroad was being built. A 40-foot cut for the new railroad was dug there. After the rails were laid along the new roadbed a torrential rain swept back the earth and covered the tracks to a depth of 20 feet. It was a costly, and what should have been an invaluable lesson, on the treacherous slides of the Isthmus. Town Revived In 1880's Paraiso slumped into obscurity after the railroad was completed, but was revived when the French began their Canal work. They established their first Pacific side headquarters there. The town took a now growth after 1904 when the Canal work was begun by the United States (lovernment. Col. William Crawford Gorgas selected it as the headquarters for all Canal Zone sanitation, perhaps because of the large mountainspring that furnished uncontaminated water. The Panama Railroad, a backbone in the Canal work, also established its main headquarters there. Throughout the construction period the townsite hummed with activity. The Panama Railroad had its main shops there and for about 10 years Paraiso was a junction and shop center for all railway activity on the Pacific side. THE NEW PARAISO THE TOWN OF PARAISO is one of the fastest growing communities in tlie Canal Zone. A total of 244 family units are being erected there by Tucker McClure, contractor for the work. The houses are duplexes and are of a similar type to those already built in other local-rat communities. The contract includes the building of streets and the installation of various facilities. Rapid progress is being made and it is expected that the first of the houses will be ready for occupancy by next October. Residents of Red Tank will be assigned the new houses on a seniority basis. PARAISO IN 1906 HERE'S HOW the town of Paraiso looked to those who arrived on the Isthmus during the early Canal construction period. The town is presently one of the fastest growing in the Canal Zone. It has been twice abandoned and twice revived in its colorful history. Dredging Division Headquarters After the Canal channel was flooded it was decided to move the Dredging Division headquarters there. It continued as such until its first abandonment in 1938 after the completion of the new town of Camboa to which the Dredging Division headquarters were moved. The town was empty for just one year, when the site was transferred to the United States Army for headquarters for the Fifth Infantry. The Army added many new buildings and most of these quarters are still in use. Paraiso was a busy place during most of World War II but the Army units stationed there were moved during the early part of 1944 and the site was transferred back to the Canal. Since most of the buildings were in good usable condition, it was decided to use them for a local-rate community. Many Improvements Made Various alterations and improvements were made soon after Paraiso was reoccupied and such community facilities as a commissary, clubhouse, and school were provided. Since the close of the war many new family quarters have been added. Paraiso's growth this year, however, will be its biggest, at least since the early construction period. The houses being built at Paraiso under the contract with Tucker McClure are all two-family, masonry structures. The Housing Division has announced that residents in Red Tank will be assigned to the new quarters.

PAGE 5

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW FOR YOUR 711 INTEREST^ND GUIDANCE LJ. WILLIAM BAI)l.)hl
PAGE 6

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 Villages Antedating Settlement of U. S. Lie Buried Under Waters of Gatun Lake Because of the general interest of present day Znnians in ichat the Canal Zone was like way back when, The P.inama Canal Review publishes a condensation of an article on the Lake villages. It appeared originally in the Canal Record of December 6, 1911. The villages between Gatun and Matachin will be covered by the water of Gatun Lake. They have never been important in the sense of size, or as the centof any peculiar type of life. In fact, they are little more than jungle hamlets, yet they have a distinct place in American history, because they were known to European civilization many years before Jamestown was settled or Massachusetts Bay was an English colony. It is probable that most of them date from the early days of navigation on the Chagres River, when it was one of the most used routes for commerce across the Isthmus. Among these are Ahorca Lagarto, Barbacoas, Caimito, Matachin, Bailamonos, Santa Cruz, Cruz de Juan Gallego, and Cruces (Venta Cruz). The region in which these lake settlements are situated will probably not be under water before August 1912, but the railroad track will be torn up in February and therefore the native hamlets and American canal settlements are being moved, the houses torn down to be erected again elsewhere, or, in the case of shacks, merely abandoned in the jungle. It is difficult to persuade some of the inhabitants that the inundation will ever take place. One old bush settler, after receiving repeated wai'nings heedlessly, ventuj'ed it as his opinion that the Lord had promised never again to flood the earth. The old village of Gatun, which lay on the river flats below the present town, was abandoned in 1908 and the site is now covered by 80 feet of rock and earth under Gatun Dam. At the time it was abandoned, the village contained a church, priest's house, school, a dozen small shops, and 90 or more small houses of all descriptions, from the bamboo hut with palm thatch to the typical sheetiron-roofed shanty. Most of the buildings were moved to the new townsite, now known as new Gatun. Old Fort At Gatun The antiquity of the place is uncertain because none of its buildings were of masonry. In his narrative of the pirate Morgan, Esquemelmg says, "The first day they sailed only si.x leagues, and came to a place called De los Braces. Here a party of his men went ashore, only to sleep and stretch their limbs, being almost crippled with lying too much crowded in the boats. Having rested awhile, they went abroad to seek victuals in the neighboring plantations; but they could find none, the Spaniards being fled and carting with them all they had." The location on the river corresponds to that of Gatun. Even if the situation of De los Bracos is not identical with old Gatun, the narrative indicates that the region thereabout was somewhat settled. It is also known that the Spaniards had erected a fort 120 feet above the river, and evidences of the old fort are found today. In the early days of the California immigration, it was the first stopping place in the canoe journey up the Chagres, where "bongo-loads of California travellers used to stop for refreshments on their way up the river, and where eggs sold four for a dollar and the rent for a hammock was $2 a night." In 1881 the French chose Gatun as the site of one of the canal residencies, erected machine shops there and built a number of quarters for laborers, calling the new section "Cite de Lesseps." This continued as a center of the work of excavation until 1888 when all operations ceased, not to be resumed here until 1904. When the Americans arrived in 1904, Gatun was the center of a comparatively large river trade. Bananas and other produce from the Gatun, Trinidad, and Chagres Rivers were brought there for transshipment by rail and for sale. The next settlement of any importance up the river from Gatun is Bohio. Between the two villages are three hamlets, Lion Hill, Tiger Hill, and Ahorca Lagarto. The first two are essentially railroad camps that have persisted since 1851 when they were, successively, the terminus of the road. "Hang The Lizard" Ahorca Lagarto, however, is on a bend in the river, and may well have been a resting place for the cramped travellers in canoes. Of the origin of its name Otis (a British historian of about 1860) says: "Ahorca Lagarto, 'to hang the lizard,' deriving its name from a landing place on the Chagres near by; this again, named from having, years back, been pitched upon as an encampment by a body of government troops who suspended from a tree their banner, on which was a lizard, the insignia of the Order of Santiago." Until recently Bohio has been called Bohio Soldado (Soldier's Home). The French made it the site of one of their district headquarters in 1862; here as well as at any place can be seen today the plan of the sea-level canal which included the main channel and two l?,rge diversions or drainage ditches, one on each side of the canal proper. Near Bohio are the hamlets of Penas Blancas and Buena Vista, both on the river and each merely a collection of huts of various descriptions. Frijoles is the next railway station, a village of 784 inhabitants in 1908. Here for many years an old Frenchman ran a distillery in which he made rum of such good quality that he boasted that it was sold in Colon to rectifiers who made it into "genuine French cognac." Tabernilla, the next village, was one of the centers of French work and there was a small field repair shop at this point. During the American occupation it became a village of over 2,000 inhabitants because here is situated the largest dumping ground on the canal work. Bridge At Barbacoas Between Tabernilla and San Pablo, the railroad crosses the Chagres River at Barbacoas. San Pablo was originally a plantation worked by Catholic priests. It was a railroad station in 1862, was a laborers' camp in the {Sez page ifi) m WHEN G.\TUN LAKE waters began to rise, villages near the Chagres river bed were depopulated. This old photograph shows the burning of native houses in the village of Matachin on October 1, 1913. Matachin, the settlement next to Gorgona, was the place, halfway between Panama and Colon, where trains passed during the early days of the railroad.

PAGE 7

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW '"-I., -StJ^iJ^ Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by the Printing Plant Mount Hope, CanalZone John S. Seybold, Governor-President E. C. Lombard, Executive Secretary J. RuFUS Hardy, Editor Eleanor H. McIlhenny Oleva Hastings Editorial Assistants LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters containing inquiries, suggestions, criticisms, or opinions of a general nature will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest will be published but signatures will not be used unless desired. SUBSCRIPTIONS— $1.00 a year SINGLE COPIES— 5 cents each On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date. SINGLE COPIES BY M.'ML-lOcents each BACK COPIES— 10 cents Each On sale when available, from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights. Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to the Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. TO SUSCRIBERS Please noHFy us promolly of any change in your mailing address. Post Offices everywhere have prepared postal cord forms For notices of changes of address. Terminals Superintendent .'Vi^B.'V E. BEt'K, new Superintendent of the Terminals Division, got to know the Canal Zone and like it when, a veteran of World War I, he was serving in the Army at Fort DeLesseps. .After his discharge from the service he went to work nith the Panama Railroad in 1925, first in clerical positions and later on the piers. He was promoted from stevedore foreman to head stevedore foreman in 1937 and four years later was made chief stevedore foreman. In .January 19.51 he was made Acting Assistant to the Superintendent of the Terminals Division and in .June of this year was appointed to succeed E. S. MacSparran who was retiring as Superintendent. Mr. Beck's appointment was effective July 1. OF CURRENT INTEREST DIRECTOR VISITS ZONE EDWARD D. McKIM, member of the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company, and his son, Laurence, were visitors to the Canal Zone for two weeks last month. It was Mr. McKim's second visit to the Isthmus this year, having attended the Board of Directors meeting held here last January. Mr. McKim, whose home is in Omaha, Nebraska, is a member of the E.\ecutive Committee of the Board. He is one of the leading insurance executives of the United States and has served as Vice President of the Mutual Benefit Health and Accident Association in Omaha for the past 17 years. Residents of 13 cottages on Ridge Road in Balboa Heights have been notified that the clearing of the area has been deferred and that they may remain in their present homes for another 12 months and possibly longer" It was planned originally that the occupants of the houses would be moved by August 15 so that the cottages could be demolished to make way for new construction. The Classification Committee, which formerly li.xed ratings for positions in the Canal organization graded GS-8 or above, has been abolished by an executive regulation of June 16 wfiich became elTective immediately. The aiilhoritv to fi.x ratings for positions in gradus GS-'l through 11 and CPC-1 through 10 has been delegated to the Personnel Director. Ratings for positions graded GS-12 and above will be reviewed by the Personnel Director with the concurrence of the Comptroller concerning the management aspects III any position — (if the position is needed, it funds are avaiUble, etc.) and will be approved by the Governor. About 75 U. S.-rate student assistants have been employed in the Canal organization for summer vacation work this year. There are five more than there were last year. The assistants were chosen from among about 250 applicants. They are employed in these Canal units: Locks, Storehouses, Police, Clubhouse, Maintenance, Engineering, and Motor Transportation Divisions; the Power Branch of the Electrical Division; Administrative Branch; Personnel Bureau ; Aids to Navigation Section, and the Railroad and Terminals Bureau. Because the production of milk at Mindi Dairy this year reached a point that for the first time was considered sufficient to Canal needs, the Mindi herd is being reduced by the sale of unprecedented numbers of cahes. About 100 calves rangin;; in age from 1 da\' to 30 months have been sold since iMarch and about the same number are now being offered for sale. About 30 of the calves that were sold went to Costa Rica and 35 to El Salvador, where they were shipped by air. Most of the remaining calves were sold to residents of Panama. Placement of a new 72-inch sewer and connecting collector lines in Balboa and the repaving of Amador Road by Maintenance Division forces will be completed in about a month. Construction of the sewer is one of the first major projects in a proposed long-range development plan for Pacific side sewage disposal. The repaving of .'Vmador Road, which started about two months ago, was completed the first of July except for about 1,000 feet near the Boy Scout Shack. That remaining portion will be paved and an allied project, construction of an additional traffic lane on the west side of Balboa Road between La Boca Road and the Amador Road intersection will be completed about August 15. Ten new civilian doctors are starting 1-year rotating internships at Gorgas Hospital in the annual first of July turnover of medical personnel entering and leaving hospital training programs. There are also 16 residents in training at Gorgas, some of whom started their residencies on the first of the month and others who are in their second or third year of residency training. Only two of the residents are Army physicians. Three New Executives Of Canal Arrive Soon Three new Canal officials are expected to arrive on the Isthmus to take over their new duties early next week. Brig. Gen. Don Longfellow, new Health Director, will arrive by transport about July 10. Col. Craig Smyser, who will become Engineering and Construction Director, is expected to arrive on the same ship. Dr. Walter G. Nelson, who will assume the position of Chief of the Division of Preventive Medicine and Quarantine, is expected to arrive July 7 on the Cristobal. General Longfellow will come from Washington, D. C, where he has been on duty in the Office of the Surgeon General. He served in the Canal Zone for about a year in 1930 as a physician at Colon Hospital. He was born in Hobbs, Ind., attended high school at Windfall, Ind., obtained a B. S. and M. D. at Indiana University and a Master of Public Health degree from Yale University. General Longfellow is also a graduate of the Army Medical School, the Medical Field Service School at Carlisle Barracks, and has had professional training in bacteriology at the Army Medical School in Washington, D. C. Colonel Smyser has been on duty in the office of the Chief of Engineers in Washington. His World War II assignments included duty in the China-Burma-India Theater as Deputy Commanding Officer and Commandmg Officer, Base Section, and Executive Officer and Deputy Chief of Services and Supply. Colonel Smyser was born in Kansas. He was graduated from the U. S. Military Academy at West Point in 1934; and was also graduated from the Army Engineer School; and obtained an M. S. degree in civil engmeering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1939. Dr. Nelson will come to the Isthmus from Paris, where he has served as Medical Director for the United States Public Health Service at the American Embassy.

PAGE 8

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 Fourth Of July $^ X BLACK r.MUma.I.AS ,•,( fash *.> -i', iiaMi' sunshades for spectators on July 4, 1912. MARINE AND SAILORS scaled a wall near the Tivoli as part of the 1912 festivities. 888 s;;;sgMMi jgs;g ia TRAFFIC must have been terrible in 1915;'look at those automobiles. K Fourth of July celebrations in the Canal Zone are about as old as the Canal Zone itself. The first was in 1905. From 1907 to 1919, according to old records, the Fourth of July celebrations were official in nature. The Chairman of the committee in charge was named by the Governor, or, before the Canal was opened, by the Chairman of the Isthmian Canal Commission. During the war years of 1917 and 1918 the Chairman was selected by the Commanding General. In 1915, at the suggestion of C. A. Mcllvaine, then Executive Secretary, the official celebration was omitted. In 1920 Governor Chester Harding decided that no official celebration would be held and left the manner of celebrating Independence Day to the various communities. Ever since, the Atlantic and Pacific communities have arranged their own celebrations. In 1923 the American Legion sponsored the July 4th celebration in the Canal Zone and in 1924 Wilson Kromer, then Assistant Auditor and later Comptroller, was dismayed at the lack of interest in a community celebration. He voluntarily served as Chairman of an Independence Day committee and arranged for a celebration so that the children, at least, would have a good rousing July 4th. Since the mid-1920's, a committee for the celebration of Independence Day has been composed of volunteer members. From this committee a general chairman is elected to direct activities each year. Usually a meeting of this committee is called in March or April by the general chairman who had served for the preceding year's celebration. Oldtime Family Picnics Oldtime Fourth of July activities in the Canal Zone resembled old-fashioned family picnics much more than do the somewhat more formalized observations of today. And much more emphasis was laid on sports than on patriotic exercises in those days. The Canal Record, faithful reporter of Canal Zone activities for the construction period and some years thereafter, recounts at some length details of the celebration of 190S. That for 1907 is dismissed with the phrase that the 1908 celebration was to "follow generally that of the previous year." Of course the first issue of the Canal Record did not appear until September 4, 1907; had it been two months eailier the July 4th activities would undoubtedly have been reported in great detail. In 1908, the Canal Record says, Zonians turned out in great numbers to attend festivities at Cristobal and Ancon. Fireworks were important in those days as they have been ever since. The only exception was in 1942 when war conditions led to the cancelation of the usual fireworks display. But in 1908 firecrackers were distributed to all of the children who wanted any— and what child doesn't — and there was also a "pyrotechnic display" which included such set-pieces as "Incandescent Suns," "Wierd White Falls," and "Aladdin's Jeweled Tree." $5 On A Greased Pole In 1908 there were band concerts, boat races, athletic events such as a sack race, a tug-of-war, and a three-legged race. In Cristobal the day's sports included climbing a greased pole which had $5 on top

PAGE 9

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW ;v%o^ of it as a prize for the winner, and a horse race between volunteer fire companies. At noon warships in Cristobal harbor fired a 21-gun national salute. On the Pacific side in 190S, one Lt. Glen E. Edgerton was a member of the Independence Day Committee. Thirtytwo years later he was Governor of the Canal Zone. That year Pacific side events included a bucking-horse contest, a wall-scaling contest between sailors and marines, a ball at the Hotel Tivoli, and all kinds of sports and athletic events. During the next few years the official celebration alternated between the two sides of the Canal Zone. In 1911, for instance, Cristobal was the site of the official activities; in 1912 it was the Pacific side's turn. There were smaller, nonofficial celebrations "along the line" with part of the July 4th funds going to the line towns for fireworks. 1912 Celebration Gala Affair In 1912 the committee, headed by Rear Adm. H. H. Rousseau, for whom the town of Rousseau is named, planned an elaborate celebration. There was a picnic "on the slope where the Ancon school stands," track and field events on a ball park near the Hotel Tivoli, and aquatic events, including diving from an 85-foot tower, in Balboa harbor. The roads leading to the Hotel Tivoli were decorated in the national colors, hung over three improvised arches. Three bands— from the ICC, the Marine Corps, and the Infantry— furnished music at a concert at the Tivoli. Rainy weather curtailed the fireworks display from Old Reservoir Hill, but a ball at the Tivoli successfully concluded the day's festivities. After the official sponsorship ceased and July 4th celebrations became community affairs, the days' programs were concentrated largely on sports, children's activities, and such. A fireworks display was always the crowning feature of the day and band concerts were usually scheduled. With the beginning of World War II the community programs were somewhat curtailed and much greater emphasis was laid on the patriotic exercises. In 1940, for instance. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's July 4th address was rebroadcast to local audiences. 1942— A Wartime July 4th Two years later the Balboa celebration had as its theme "Inter-American Unity." Panama's President, Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia, attended the ceremony at the Balboa stadium and his brother, Camilo de la Guardia, who was Minister of Government and Justice, was the speaker for the day. Boys and girls from Panama marched alongside Canal Zone youngsters in the big parade, eight bands played in a massed-band concert and servicemen provided color guards. There were no fireworks that year— the nightly blackout was stiU in effect— and although the usual athletic events took place, War Savings Stamps and Merit Certificates were awarded instead of the usual medals or trophies. One touch of that World War II July 4: The people of Pedro Miguel planned their town celebration so that at no time w^ould they be far away from the town's hillside air raid shelters. This year there are two major Fourth of July celebrations, one {See pa^e 12) Canal Zone Style KIDDIE TRAINS are important for the younger July 4th celebrators. MANY TROOPS as well as friends from Panama were high spots of July 4, 1942. STILL WARTIME, and the V for Victory sign was everywhere in 1943.

PAGE 10

10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 Longtime Maintenance Division Worker Has Record Of 45 Years In Same Office There aren't very many people, here or anywhere else, who can boast of having worked in the same office for 45 years. But that is the record of Eustace E. Butcher, office helper for the Maintenance Division in Gatun. Butcher, who was born in Barbados in 1887— he will be 65 years old on July 9— was a tailor by trade when a Canal recruiting team came to Barbados in 1907. Their offer sounded good and, along with several hundred of his countrymen, the young tailor start(>d on what turned out to be the adventure of his life. The trip from the islands, he recalls, was pleasant and for him, anyhow, not marred by seasickness. He has never been back to Barbados since he arrived, so he really isn't too good a judge of his seafaring ability. When he arrived here Butcher began work for the Municipal Division and he has been a Municipal Division employee —first when it was the Municipal Division and now the Maintenance Division — ever since. The first day and a half, he recalls, "they put a shovel in my hand" to build a dam at Gorgona. For the next 5 months, he worked at Las Cascadas, most of the time carrying mail between Las Cascadas and the head office at Bas Obispo. These four round trips daily he made on foot and, he says, "the sun was hot in those days, hotter than it ever is now. It burned your eyes, then." In Gatun Since 1907 In August 1907, Butcher was transferred to the Municipal Division's Gatun office to work as a messenger, storeman, and office helper. That office was on land which is now under water. Since 1907 Butcher has never worked anywhere but in Gatun and for the past 33 years has lived in the same quarters, 364-E, in Gatun. Except for 10 days m 1938, when he EUST.\CE E. BUTCHER was a hospital patient, he has never missed any time because of iUness. Butcher is married. He and his wife never had any children of their own, but they have one adopted daughter who has lived with them since she was a baby. Her two children, 6 and 4 years old, are just as much Butcher grandchildren as if they w-ere really blood-kin. Forty-five years ago, when Butcher first came to Panama, he tried to do a little tailoring on the side. But office work and outside tailoring are too hard on the eyes, he said, and he soon gave that up. For a while he sold bus tickets as an outside occupation, but he has also given that up. Church work and activity in several lodges now keep him busy aftr office hours. FORTY YEARS AGO In June The tug Reliance with three barges in tow completed a 10,500-mile journey from Cristobal to Balboa 40 years ago this month, steaming into Panama Harbor 126 days after leaving the Atlantic side. The barges were sent via the Strait of Magellan because the long water trip was cheaper than it would have been to dismantle them and send them across the Isthmus by rail. The barges, needed for sand operations at Chame Point, had been taken out of service on the Atlantic side when the sand pits at Nombre de Dios went out of operation. Dancing was one of the most popular forms of amusevient in the Canal Zone in 1912 and the Can.^l Recokd noted the number of clubs devoted to dancing. The Tivoli Club, which held its dances at the Tivoli Hotel, was the oldest and largest of them all, and the Strangers Club, was "one of the oldest on the Isthmus." Among eight others icere the Wizards, Ramblers, and Kangaroos at Empire, and the Lock City and H20 Clubi at Gatun. An account of the operations of Ancon Hospital Farm 40 years ago in June noted that the smallest sow among the hospital's 62 hogs gave birth to the record litter of nine pigs. The farm's 125-head dairy was producing about 260 quarts of milk a day at the time. Provisions for a distillation tax were amended to prohibit the operation of stills or the manufacture or distillation of spirits or alcoholic liquors in the Canal Zone. The Executive Order containing these provisions provided for fines up to $1,000 for violators. Preliminary work on the site for a modern passenger station for the Panama Railroad Company at its Panama terminal was started 40 years ago in June. The last 9 s miles of the relocated Panama Railroad, known as the Gold Hill Line, was formally transferred to the Company and the relocation organization, which had been an independent departs ment, went out of existence on June 30. The relocation, which actually involved new construction from Mindi to Corozal, Incas' Society Records Among Gifts Presented To C. Z. Library-Museum A number of items of historical interest or of interest to local naturalists have been added recently to the permanent collection of the Canal Zone Library-Museum. Included in the recent gifts is a collection of the letters, clippings, and papers of Charles L. Parker, relative to his activities in the Society of the Incas. This collection was given to the museum by J. Wendell Greene, Treasurer of the Panama Canal Company. The late Mr. Parker came to the Canal Zone in October 1904 as a "copyist." He later worked as a clerk, chief clerk, assistant depot quartermaster, and was also a survey officer. In 1927, he was made Deputy Marshal of the District Court and served until his death in September 1937. The Society of the Incas was composed of men and women who went to work for the Isthmian Canal Commission or the Panama Railroad during the year 1904. For many years this group held an annual dinner on May 4, the anniversary of the date when the United States Government took over the French canal proptxty. Society of Incas Pin Members of the Society were entitled to wear a pin of white, green, and gold, which showed a map of the North and South American continents drawn to scale with the figures "1904" across the face. On the reverse side there were the words "Society of the Incas" and "Panama Canal." Other recent gifts, some of which are not yet on display for lack of suitable space, are: A mug from the old Century Club, gift of Leopoldo Arosemena; a collection of local shells and samples of local wood, gift of the Girl Scouts, through Miss Mary L. Patton; an excavation sample, core drill, gift of J. M. Culpepper; relics from Gorgona and Las Cruces trails, gift of C. W. Kilbey; stuffed local animals, gift of G. W. Pougher; journal box covers from French dump cars, gift of J. F. Prager; local wood specimens, gift of E. L. Farlow; a collection of local photographs, the gift of Col. George H. Hesner, and a seven and one-half foot bushmaster in formaldehyde, from Fred W. Morrill of Diablo Heights. Loans which will be on display during July are: Americana (celebrating the Fourth of July), from the private collections of C. W. Kilbey, Russell T. Wise, and Mrs. Howard S. Engelke; a collection of Spanish stirrups, from the collection of A. L. Wright; a collection of knives, decorative and useful, also from Mr. Wright; and a stamp album from his father's collection, a loan from Mr. Arosemena. was necessary because of Canal construction along the former roadway. The original plan for the railroad south of Gamboa to follow the east bank of the Canal and pass through Culebra Cut on a berm was abandoned because of slides on the east bank and the last part of the line to be completed was rerouted back of Gold Hill and through Miraflores timnel.

PAGE 11

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Canal Enterprise Passes 50th Birthday Under U. S. Since First Basic Law Passed The Panama Canal as an enterprise of the United States last Saturday passed its Golden Anniversary. The date— June 28, 1902— is now little remembered by the general public. It was on that date when President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Spooner Act into law. Succeeding years and momentous events have crowded the launching of the Canal enterprise into obscurity. The famous Spooner Act authorized the President to buy the rights and properties of the New French Canal Company and "to cause to be constructed" an Isthmian canal of sufficient capacity and depth to provide "convenient passage for vessels of the largest tonnage and greatest draft now in use, and such as may be reasonably anticipated." The passage of the Spooner Act by Congress had come after many years of investigation on isthmian canal routes and plans. It also came after a long and acrimonious debate in Congress over the route to be selected. The important aspect was the change in the original Bill in Congress, which already passed the House, from the recommendation for the Nicaraguan route to the word "isthmian" route. This actually opened the way for the construction of the Panama Canal, which had been blocked by the first Bill. The Spooner Act was actually an amendment to the original legislation. It was introduced in the Senate by Senator John C. Spooner of Wisconsin after the Walker Commission had submitted a supplementary report on its first recommendations favoring the Nicaraguan route. This supplemental report was made after the French Canal Company had notified the Walker Commission that it would sell its rights and properties on the Panama Canal route for $40,000,000, the estimate of its value set by the Walker Commission. After this supplemental report was submitted Senator Spooner introduced an amendment to the original legislation which virtually made it into a new Bill. Debate on the Spooner amendment opened in the Senate June 4 and came to a vote June 19 after much stormy debate. It passed the Senate by a vote of 67 to 6. The legislation was then referred to a joint committee of the House and Senate and after the House members of that committee yielded the Spooner Act was passed by the House on June 25 by a vote of 260 to 8 votes. The Act was signed into law by President Roosevelt 3 days later. According to Gerstle Mack in his book The Land Divided, the real leader in Congress for the Panama route was not Senator Spooner but Senator Mark Hanna of Ohio. He credited Senator Hanna with passage of the measure because of Hanna's superb oratory, his political experience, and his adroitness as a parliamentarian. A feature of the Spooner Act was the provision for the construction of the Canal to be done under the direction of a Commission of seven members, at least four of whom were to be engineers, of which one had to be an Army officer and another a Navy officer. Acting upon his authority granted in the legislation President Roosevelt the following February appointed what became known as the first Isthmian ComMEMBERS OF THE first Isthmian Canal Commission, on the front row shown above, at one of their early meetings were: Left lo right— Mnj. Gen. George W. Davis, who was appointed the first Governor of the Canal Zone; Rear .'idm. John G. Walker, named Chau-man of the Commission; Frank J. Hecker; and William Barclay Parsons. Standing at the back, left to right, are: William H. Burr, Benjamin M. Harrod, and Carl E. Grunjky. The Commission held its fir^t meeting on the Isthmus in March 1904. Governor Davis issued his first Proclamation as Governor on May 19, 1904. The picture above is reproduced from Joseph Bucklin Bishop's The Panama Gateway. mission with Rear Adm. John G. Walker as Chairman. Other members were Maj. Gen. George W. Davis, who was to become the first Governor of the Canal Zone, William Barclay Parsons, Benjamin M. Harrod, Frank J. Hecker, William H. Burr, and Carl E. Grunsky. Most of these members had served on the original Walker Canal Commission, appointed in 1899 by President McKinley to investigate and recommend an isthmian canal route. It was the report of this commission which later resulted in the basic legislation for the construction of the Panama Canal which became known as the Spooner Act. The first meeting of the first Isthmian Canal Commission was held March 22, 1904, in Washington. Accompanied by Col. William Crawford Gorgas the Commission arrived in Colon April 5, 1904, for their first visit to the Isthmus. The members inspected the proposed project and first established headquarters in Colon in addition to the Pacific headquarters in Panama City already transferred from the French Canal Company. The Commission spent two weeks on the Isthmus before returning to Washington to settle down to the major task of organizing the tremendous work, purchasing equipment, and employing personnel. Balboa Waterfront Is Home To Granny GRAN.N'Y is a waterfront character from way back. The pet of almost everyone who has business around the Harbormaster's office on Pier IS, Granny is close ti 13 years old. She was born on Pier 18 and was crippled when she was only a week or so old. Her left front paw was cut off by a falling piece of 12 by 12 timber, but despite her handicap Granny is a spry cat for her age. During her lifetime she has done more than her bit toward increasing the local feline population, producing one litter of kittens after another. Her human friends on the docks find homes for her offspring or else the kittens stray away when they are big enough to wander. Right now, one of her progeney makes his home with her on the pier.

PAGE 12

12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 First Houses on Pacific Side Completed By Canal Division work in the area has been done by the Maintenance Division, whose estimate for the housing construction was about $60,000 or 18 percent below the bid prices submitted by contractors for the housing. The house construction started the first of February. The site development work in the area was done by the former Municipal Division — now part of the Maintenance Division — in the 1951 fiscal year. The former houses in the Morgan Avenue-Pyle Street area were primarily fourfamily structures, built originally in construction towns along the line of the Canal from about 1907 to 1910 and relocated in Balboa about 1914. Ten Years Ago in June THIS IS ONE of the tiist tn mu hcus.^s iomi)li These houses were built by Two cottages that were only "1952 construction projects" last month are now homes for two Canal families. Captain and Mrs. Richard C. Sergeant and their young daughter, Kay, and Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Wood effected the transition recently when they moved furniture and fixtures, bag and baggage, into the first houses to be completed in the 1952 quarters-building program. Their new homes are on Morgan Avenue near the intersection of the newlyrelocated Pyle Street, looking down the hill toward Balboa Road and right over the top of the Scottish Rite Temple. The two new three-bedroom houses are part of the so-called Morgan Avenue-Pyle Street development that is changing the face of the hillside from a cluster of old gray construction day houses, to a muddy or dusty building site and finally the new yellow, green, and buff colored cottages and duplexes now being completed. The new houses occupied by the SerFourlh of July, Canal Zone Style tid in the ( 'anal's 1952 quarters the Maintenance Division. iHcgram. geants and the Woods are three-bedroom cottages. There will be five more cottages and three duplexes in the area when the development is completed about the end of August. The new houses will be ready for assignment at the rate of about two a week until the area is filled with new Canal tenants. The site development and construction Axis submarine warfare moved uncomfortably close to the Canal Zone. Between June 3 and June 14 thirteen allied ships went to the bottom under shells or torpedoes, or both. Five of the ships were sunk in one day, June 5. Hundreds of survivors, some of them carrying the lifebelts which had saved their lives, were ashore here. Many of them proudly displayed the autographs placed on the belts by fellow survivors in lifeboats. In at least one case survivors were two-timers. Members of the crew of the Dutch freighter Crynssen had been picked up by the oreship Lebore, only to have the Lebore torpedoed soon thereafter. Local shops stayed open on Sundays to provide clothing for the torpedoed men, many of whom arrived clad only in underwear and heavy coats of suntan. In the Editor's Mail (jCmtinued from page 9) fOF the Pacific side and one for the Atlantic side. M. E. Walker and W. B. Mallory are co-chairmen for the Pacific side; Jack Rice is Atlantic side Chairman. On the Pacific side Governor John S. Seybold will be the day's main speaker. He will address an audience at the Balboa stadium during the afternoon exercises. A fired salute to Independence Day will wake Pacific siders in the morning. There will be a gala parade and the customary children's activities and athletic events. In the evening a display of fireworks from Sosa Hill will end the Pacific side July 4th celebration. No speeches are planned for the Atlantic side. There is to be an opening parade followed by a flag raising ceremony in front of the Margarita school. All civic organizations are cooperating in a joint display in the main wing of the old Margarita hospital and a lengthy program of athletic events is planned. At noon the town of Gatun is having a barbecue. Fireworks set off from the Margarita ball park will climax the Atlantic side celebration BOY SCOUTS in the Canal Zone were making camping expeditions as early as 1910, according to a former resident of the Isthmus whose interesting and informative letter to the Editor of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW appears below. The writer, Harry W. Otis, lived in the C^gV Zone from 1905 until 1921. He was employed as a pimnber. His letter follows: "Your interesting story about Canal Zone Scouts 42nd anniversary— February REVIEW— was well written but not complete or entirely correct. The early Scouting you mention in Boquete in 1924 was 14 years after Gorgona Scouts had camped on Toro Point. The enclosed picture is a copy of the original taken in front of the Gorgona Clubhouse the day they started for Toro Point. "This outing was made possible through the thoughtfulness of the Chief Engineer, at that time Col. Geo. W. Goethals. He also furnished Gorgona Scouts, upon request, a pass good on any Sunday train, in either direction. That made it possible for them to go hiking any Sunday they wished. "This troop, that developed from a Sunday School class in 190S, had their own clubhouse on a steep hard-to-climb hill back of Gorgona. They have hiked all the way across the Isthmus in about five-mile stages. They hiked all over Gatun Locks and Dam during early construction, over the Panama Railroad relocation soon after it was laid out, also over much of the old location. They hiked through the Cut from Gamboa to and including the Mirafiores and Pedro Miguel Locks. They have swum in both oceans, a number of places in the Chagrea River, and some other places where they found water clean enough and deep enough. "No serious accidents happened during the many months of Scouting. There were a few burned fingers acquired while the boys were cooking their oft-n meals over camp fires. .Although a well-equipped first-aid kit was always carried, it was not needed for anything more serious than slight abrasions. "Although there is apparently no record of the Gorgona Scouts, they had official uniforms and badges. Some earned merit badges' Further Canal Zone Scouting news should include these early activities.

PAGE 13

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 OUR OUT-OF-DOORS Some of the first things spotted by visitors to the Canal Zone Experiment Gardens at Summit are the cannonball trees. Several trees are located near the entrance to the gardens and others are scattered through the grounds. There are drones among trees, for they have no economic importance. Technically known as Couroupita guianevsis, they are among the most curious trees of tropical South America. IT'8 OB\II)l ^ win thib 16 called a caniiuiiball tree. Several specimens are in the Experiment Garden at Summit. They bear fleshy, fragrant, and unusual shaped flowers on long woody stems which emerge without any evident pattern from the trunk and large branches of the trees. The common name, of course, comes from the large globular fruit, which is about the size of a human head and resembles a rusty cannonball. The fruit, which takes eight or nine months to ripen, contains a mass of very disagreeable smelling pulp. This is creamy-white when the fruit is first opened but it soon turns green and then brown as oxidation takes place. The cannonball tree is closely related to the well-known Brazil nut, Bertkolettia exceha, and to the monkey pod, Lecytkis elliptica a.nd Lecythis turyana. June Bugs Gardeners around the Canal Zone are being plagued these days with the common "May beetles" or "June bugs." Scientific name for the pests is Lachtwsterna sp. They are exceptionally abundant at this season of the year and do most of their damage to plants in the early evening — usually between six and seven o'clock. Everyone is familiar with these beetles. Some of the smallest species are only a quarter of an inch long; the more abundant and obvious kinds are the large, stout, lumbering beetles which come blundering into lights at night. Smart gardeners can turn the bugs' affinity for lights to the beetles' undoing. One method of combating the pests is to place a large container of water with a film of oil on it under a suspended light in the garden. The insects are attracted to the light, fall into the water and are drowned. Chlordane or arsenate of lead sprayed on plants that are being eaten by the beetles isjalso effective in destroying the June bugs. Have you noticed you'Ne been eating potatoes lately? Some people in the United States haven't, yon know. rhe papers said so, and radio newscasts, and so did Isthmians who were visiting theret Commissary customers ate potatoes all through the shortage in the United States, thanks to one of the Division's purchasing agents in New York. He sounded the warning that sent an order flying that kept potatoes in Commissary bins right through it all. "^'ou don't ha\e to pat him or the Comniissar>Division on the back for their loresight. That's their business — keeping potatoes on your table — and beans and rice and butter and all the staples it takes to keep Canal people full and happy. .\nd, at times, that business has been harder than it was during the potato shortage. .\bout two months ago the purchasing agent in .\ew York told CommissaryDi\ision people on the Isthmus that soon there j list weren 't going to be very many potatoes — despite the surpluses of a short time back when they were being burned and gi\en away. So the people on the Isthmus issued purchase authorities for a longer advance period than usual. True to the agent's prediction potatoes got shorter and shorter in the Ignited States. News stories and letters from people who were there told about black markets, tie-in sales, and other marks of a real shortage. .\t the same time on the Isthmus there were more potatoes than usual in the cold storage warehouse — because of foresighted orders. The potato situation wasn't always so rosy with the Commissary Division. On a recent Friday night less than a day's supply of the old crop of potatoes remained in the warehouse. But, come Monday and another Panama Line ship, there were more potatoes — from the first of the new crop in the United States. The new potatoes went out to the retail stores that night and were on sale when the Commissary doors opened Tuesdaymorning. Price controls had been remo\ed in the meantime and with a lot of buyers bidding for the short supplies the new potato crop entered the market at two cents a pound more than the old crop. But potatoes are one of those staples the Commissary Division considers a necessity for its customers and the new potatoes were purchased — e\en if they did cost more. .So it goes — with potatoes and all the other staples stocked by Canal commissaries. The recent potato problem was comparatively easy as far as "stock protection" was concerned. Things are not so simple when transport workers go out on wild-cat strikes, without letting the Commissary Division in on their plans, leaving Commissary goods stranded on piers or in railroad cars, for instance. Or, for really rough times, there were the war days when trainloads of merchandise for the Commissaries were headed for one port, only to ha\e that port closed because of a submarine threat on one of the ocean lanes. But there ha\e been few times when the Commissary Division didn't manage to find some goods some place and some means to get it to the stores and customers in the Canal Zone — the routine and important job that goes on day in and day out and year in and \ear out to keep food available for Canal people. Many Commissary customers may not know that the Balboa and Margarita ComA_C;,( missaries sell a complete line of S nnl'pq'"^''*'^ colors in tubes and the most "" generally used types and sizes of brushes. .Although the supplies are suitable for use by the best artists, salesclerks will not insist that you present a sample of your work to buy them. The supplies can be put to good use by a lot of nonartists who dabble only in handicraft and home decorating as well as the potential Raphaels in the arty set. Learning to paint can be fun, too, regardless of age or lack of previous experience. Past Fiscal Year Crowded With Records Of Greatest Significance In Canal's History iCmtinucd from page I) initiated more than $680,000 worth of such work. Other major projects of the Maintenance Division during the year was the installation of the interceptor sewer line in Balboa on which over $480,000 was spent during the past year. Part of this was contract work carried over from the previous fiscal year. The installation of the main 72-inch sewer line has been completed but some collector sewers are still to be installed. In addition, this division had an appropriation of .$.301,000 for its street improvement program. Another major improvement project which was carried forward dtu-ing the year was the renewal of the electrical facilities of the Canal Locks. This work is being done by the Canal forces. Panama Purchases Increased Of special interest in the Republic of Panama was the great increase in the amount of local products purchased by the Canal agencies during the past fiscal year. The final figures on these are not available but the total will be far higher than any year in the Canal's history. There were few units of any major size which were not affected by the big events in the Canal Zone during the past year. Some of the others of these were: The Health Bureau in which a major program of consolidation was carried forward. This included the consolidation of dispensaries, major improvements in the facilities and services at Gorgas Hospital, and the completion of arrangements to purchase the Health Bureau's drug and medical supplies through the Army, which is expected to result in substantial economies. Some of the major changes in the Community Services Bureau were the various consolidations accomplished in the Housing and the Clubhouse Divisions. The former "housing areas" were rearranged and consolidated, and the Clubhouse Division carried forward a continuous program of consolidation of its facilities. One of the events of the past year which attracted much attention locally was the transfer of approximately 100 acres of land from the Corozal Army reservation to the Canal for its housing program. Among the year's occurrences in the Canal's organization in the United States was the transfer of the procurement services from the Washington Office to the New York Office. A party of officials from the Canal Zone and Panama drove across the Isthmus and back on the trans-Isthmian highway ten years ago. The round trip from Madden Dam to Colon took three hours and 10 minutes. Both lanes of the highway, from Randolph Road to Madden Dam, had been completed late in May.

PAGE 14

14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 JULY 5th Track Foremen, Xo. 2741, Balboa B & B Shops. 6th— VFW Post \o, 3857, VeXvrans Cliil. Cristobal, a. m. 7th Postal Employees, No. 23160, Balboa Loilyc Hall. 7:,?0 p. m. Pedro Miguel Civic Council, I jiion Chiirfh, 7 p. til. Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council, Margarita CUibhoiisc, 7:,?0 p. ni. VFW Post No. 727, Fort Clayton, 7:M) p. 111. \'FW Post No. .?822, Ciiriiiifki Road, 7:.i() p. 111. American Legion I'osl \o. ,? Gatini 7:30 p. Til. 8th— Electrical Workers, No. 397, W'irz Memorial, 7:30 p. m. VFW Post No. 100. Old Bo\Scout Building. Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Post No. 7, Fort Cla\ Ion. 7:30 p. in. American Legion Auxiliary No. 1, Balboa, 7:.^0 p. 111. 9th— Carpenters, No. 013, Balboa LodgeHall, 7:30 p. Ml. Pacific Civic Council, Brjard Room, .\dniiiiistratioii Building, 7:30 p. in. American Legion Post No. 2, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. nth Blacksmiths No. 400, with Boilermakers .\o. 463 and 471, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m. 13th— Pipefitters, Margarita Clubhouse, 0:30 a.m. Sheetmetal Workers, No. 1.S7, Balboa Clubhouse, 0:30 a. in. Plumbers, No. 606, Margarita K. of C Hall, 0:,?() a. ill. 14th— Machinists No. 699, Margarita K of C. Hall, 7 -JO p. m. American Legion Post No. 1, Balboa 7:30 p.m. 15th Operating Engineers, No. 595, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m. Machinists .\o. 811, Balboa Lodge Hall 7:,?0p. 111. 16th— AFGE No. 14, Balboa Clubhouse 7:30 p. m. .\merican Legion Auxiliary No. 3, Gatun. 7:,^0 p. in. 17th — American Legion Auxiliary No. 6, Gamboa, 7:30 p. m. 20th— CLU-MTC, Margarita Clubhou.se, 8:30 a. m. 21st— Electrical Workers, No. 677, Gatun M.isonic Temple, 7:30 p. m. Truck Drivers, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. 22d— Operating Engineers, No. 595, Ballioa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m. \FW Post No. 100, Old Boy Scotit Building, Crisiolial, 7:30 p. m. American Legion, Post No. 7, Fort Cla\ ton. 7:30 p. in. Marine Engineers' Beneficial Association, \o. 06, KIks' Club, Margarita, 7 p. m. 23d— AFGE No. 88, Margarita Clubhou.sc, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Auxiliary No. 2, Cristobal, 7:30 p. in. 24th — Governor-Employee Conference, BoarrI Room, .Administration Building, 2 p. 111. 28th— Machinists No. 699, Margarita K. of C. Hall. 7:,W p. m. VFW Auxiliary, Curundu Road. 7:30 p. 111. AUGUST 1st — American Legion Post No. 6, Gamboa, 7:,iO p. 111. July Sailings From Cristobal Panama July 4 Cristobal July 11 Ancon July 18 Panama July 25 From New York Cridobal July 2 Ancon Juty 9 Panama July 16 Cristobal July 23 PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS May 15 Through June 15 The following list contains the names of those V. S.-rate employees who were transferred from one division to another (unless the work is administrative) or from one type of work to another. It does not contain within-grade promotions or regradings. ADMINI.STRATIVE BRANCH Francis E. Reardon, from Clerk, Housing Division, to File Clerk, Records Section. Mrs. Delia L. Hancock, from File Clerk to Clerk-t\pist, Recrjrds Section. Louis L. Moolchan, from Mail Clerk to File Clerk, Records .Section. CIVIL AFEAIR,S BUREAU William J. Cozens, HI, from Policeman, Police Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal Service. Barry H. Kenealy, from Fireman to I'oliceinan. Fred H. Lee, from Cash .\ccouiitiiig Uerk, Electrical Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal .Service. Fred A. Durling, Jr., from File Clerk. Personnel Records Division, to Postal Clerk. Postal Service. Mrs. Josephine E. Hiltv, from Cash -Accounting Clerk, Industrial Bureau, to Clerk-stenographer, Police Di\isioii. Mrs. Mary E. Soper, Mrs. Marguerite F. Little, from High School Teacher to Substitute Teacher, Schools Di\ision. J. D. Barnes, from Securitv Guard, Locks Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal Service. John M. Walker, HI, from Fireman, tire Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal Service. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Richard J. Mahoney, from Principal Foreman, Maintenance Division, to Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Di\ision. Riiben D. Arosemena, from Land.scape .\rchitect. Grounds Maintenance Division, to Landscape .Architect, Engineering Division. Carmine Ammirati, from Brickkuer, Plasterer, and Tileselter, to Tilese'tter Leader and Brickkuer Leader, Maintenance Division. Leslie O. Anderson, from Carpenter Foreman, Maintenance Llivision, to Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection T)ivisioii. Robert H. Turner, from P'iltration Plant Operator to Mechanic, Maintenance, Construction Equipment, Maintenance Division. Albert Saarinen, from Lock Operator W'ireman, Pacific Locks, to Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. Frank L. Cunningham, from Foreman to General Foreman, Electrical Division. Mai L. Dodson, from Cablesplicer Leader to Foreman, Electrical Di\isioii. Theodore W. Schmidt, from \\i reman to Electrician Operator-Foreman, Electrical Division. James G. F. Trimble, from Wireman, Electrical Division, to Electrical Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Di\ision. Calvin R. Groves, from Traffic Clerk, Terminals Division, to Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. Employees who observed important anni\ersaries during the month of June are listed alphabetically below. The number of years includes all Government service, with the Canal or other agencies. Tho.se with continuous service with the Canal are indicated with (*). 30 Years Howard C. Anderson, Carman Leadingman, Railroads Division. Arba E. Beck, Superintendent, Terminals 1 li\ Ision. William B. Hall, Mechanical Super\-isor, Locks Dix ision. *Percy L. Hooper, Fireman, Fire T:)ivisioii. Agnew C. Jones, Towboat Master, Dredging Di\ision. Merrill A. Stutzman, Land Inspector, Community Ser\ ices Bureau. 25 Years *Rodney B. Ely, Chief, Sur\eys Branch. Juan Hidalgo, Signalinan, Navigation Di\ision. *Frank R. Mauldin, Power Dispatcher, Electrical Di\isioii. Eugene K. Willett, Maintenance Mechanic, Health Bureau. 20 Years Walter F. Allen, Truck Dri\ er. Motor Transportation l)i\ision. Samuel Cohen, Payroll Clerk, Payroll Di\ision. Herman H. Keepers, Electrical .Assistant, .Aids to Na\igation. 15 Years *Robert A. Allan, Pilot, Navigation Division. Robert H. Bartram, Machinist, Industrial Bureau. Charles E. Belden, .Accountant, Finance Bureau. Joaquin Benavides, Medical Technician, Health Bureau. Russell E. Hellmund, Postal Clerk, Ci\il .Affairs Bureau. *Henry J. McElhone, Jr., Planning Estimator, Industrial Bureau. Thomas F. Roth, Jr., .Accountant, Finance Bureau. James Turner, Postal Clerk, Ci\il .Affairs Bureau. Mrs. Cornelia B. Laurie, from Clerkt\pist, Finance Bureau, to Clerk-typist, Electrical Dixision. Gilbert C. Foster, from Blacksmith to Principal Foreman, Maintenance Division. HEALTH BUREAU Mrs. Mary A. Hale, from .Nurse, Gorgas Hospital, to Staff Nurse, Corozal Hospital. Mrs. Marie B. McNeff, from Staff Nurse to Nurse Supervisor, Corozal Hospital. INDUSTRIAL BUREAU Robert M. Bright, from Fiscal .Accounting Clerk to Go\erii mental .Accountant, Industrial Bureau. MARINE BUREAU Loring C. Cooper, from Rigger, Industrial Bureau, to Foreman, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dredging Division. James P. O'Brien, from Steam Engineer, Floating Crane, to Engineer, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dredging Division. Loy E. Bates, Sr.," from Engineer, Pipeline Suction Dredge to Chief Towboat Engineer, Dredging 'Di\isioii. Hugh C. Christie, from Lock Operator Machinist, Pacific Locks, to Lock Operator Machinist, .Atlantic Locks. Alfred D. Heinselman, from Policeman, Police l)i\ision, to .Sergeant, Locks Securit\Force. Pacific Locks. Wade V. Carter, from Junior Foreman, Dredging Division, Ferry Service, to Securit>' Patrolman, Pacific Locks. William G. Monroe, from Guard, Industrial Bureau, to Securitv Patrolman, Pacific Locks. Clyde W. Blosser, from Lock Operator W'ireman, .Atlantic Locks, (See page ij)

PAGE 15

July 4, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS (Continued from page r.f) to Lock Operator \Vireman, Pacific Locks. Max W. Douty, from Wireman, Electrical Division, to Lock Operator Wireman, Pacitic Locks. Clifford F. Allen, from Steam Engineer, Fkiating Crane to FJipper Dredge Engineer, Dredging Di\'ision. William Black, from Electrical Supervisor to .Assistant Superintendent, Pacific Locks. Vernon C. Whitehead, from Pilot-inTraining to Probationary Pilot, Navigation Division. Duane L. Bennett, from Policeman, Police Division, to Security Patrolman. Pacific Locks. William V. Butler, from Wireman, Electrical Division, to Lock Operator Wireman, Locks Disision. William F. Mornhinweg, Jr., from Lockmaster to Electrical Supervisor, Pacific Locks. Clarence Jacobson, from Lock Operator Wireman Leader to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks. William F. Young, from Control House Operator to Lockmaster, Pacific Locks. Bernice A. Herring, from Dipper Dredge Mate to Dipper Dredge Operator, Dredging Division. Julian O. Russell, from Pump Operator to Drill Runner, Dredging Division., Captain Marvin J. West, from Chief, Navigation Di\ision, to Marine Director. Captain William S. Parsons, from Cristobal Port Captain to Chief, Navigation Division. Alton E. Jones, from Chief Towboat Engineer to Senior Chief Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division. RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU Edward J. Dignam, from Foreman, Grounds Maintejuince Division, to Foreman, Terminals Di\ ision. Fred E. Campbell, from Wood and Steel Carman to Car Inspector, Railroad Division. John G. McKenna, from Foreman Cribtender and Steam Engineer to Assistant Relief Marine Bunkering Foreman, I'erminals Di\ision. Henry E. May, Jr., from Ganger, Division of Storehouses, to Ganger and Cribtender Foreman, Terminals Division. SUPPLY AND .SERVICE BUREAU Noel F. McGinn, from Lifeguard, Schools Di\ision, to Storekeeper, Division of Storehouses. Oliver H. Erdman, from Heavy Truck Driver and Tire Rebuilder to Supervisor, Tire Reclaiming Plant, Motiir Transportation Division. Walter H. Hobby, from Painter, Body, and Layerout Repairman, to Supervisor, Body Repair .Shop, .Ancon, Motor Transportati(jn 1 )i\'ision. Wilson H. Waldron, from Painter, Body and Layerout Repairman, to Supervisor, Body Repair Shop, Cristobal, Motor Transportation Division. RETIREMENTS IN JUNE Employees who retired at the end of June, their birthplaces, titles, length of service at retirement and their future addresses are' Robert I. Barnes, New Jersey; Manager, Camp Bierd Commissary, 36 years, 5 months and 26 days; Florida. Edward P. Donner, Pennsylvania; Fireman, Fire Division; 33 years, 4 months and 25 days; Canal Zone for present. William B. Hall, Ohio; Mechanical Supervisor, Locks Division; 27 years, 10 months and 16 days; Canal Zone at present. Francis F. Hargy, Ohio; Administrative Assistant. Marine Bureau; 32 years, 6 months and 14 days; plans indefinite. James R. Hawkes, Maine; Clerk, Locks Division; 9 years, 3 months and 16 days; Canal Zone for present. William R. Howe, New York; OperatorMechanic, Terminals Division; 38 years, 10 days; California. Alba D. Hutchings, Alabama; Ironworker Foreman, Maintenance Division; 37 years, 11 months and 1 day; Panama. William T. Johnston, Pennsylvania; Ferryboat Captain, Dredging Division; 32 years, 3 months and 26 days; Corry, Pa. Isaiah A. MacKenzie; Ontario, Canada; Program For Canal Zone Girl Scouting Covers Range Of Year-Round Activities [Coniinueil from page ^) for record and publicity purposes, and the handbook record books and other useful material which goes to every troop. Covers Training Expenses In addition, the Community Chest funds must cover such training expenses as that of converting the national program for use in the tro]3ics, the rental of training films and the mimeographing of training material. Salary for the Girl Scout part-time clerks comes out of this money, as does one of the Scouts' least known expenses, insurance. The local Girl Scout Council carries a special liability insurance which covers every member of the council against any possible suit for negligence, and the girls are covered by insurance when they make special trips of any sort. For some years Girl Scouting in the Canal Zone was administered by two councils, one at Cristobal and one in Balboa. Several years ago the two councils combined in order to provide better professional help and training for leadership. The council office is in Balboa. It was moved recently from its old headijuarters in the Balboa elementary school to its new location in the old Balboa dispensary building. The president of the Canal Zone Girl Scout Council is Mrs. Stanley Hamilton of New Cristobal who is serving her second one-year term. Mrs. J. A. Bialowski of Coco Solito is vice president for the Atlantic side and Mrs. M. D. Monagan of Curundu is the Pacific side vice president. Home Grown Doctor Interns at Gorgas Ml:\i \l;; I \ I |u\ Miss Mary Patton, a graduate of the Pratt Institute of Fine and Applied Arts and of New York University, is the Girl Scout Executive in the Canal Zone. She took her Girl Scout training in New York and has been here since October 1949. Celebrated 40th Anniversary One of the high spots of this past year for the Girl Scouts was the celebration in March of the foi'tieth anniversary of the founding of the national organization. It was observed locally by a large rally on the steps of the Administration Building. But, aside from the high spots, like summer camps and fortieth anniversaries, Police Officer, Cristobal; 27 years and 23 days; plans uncertain. Esbon S. MacSparran, Rhode Island; Superintendent, Terminals Division; 42 years, 2 months and 6 davs, Takoma Park, Md. Dr. Charles F. Lester was born in Gorgas Hospital and is now back in his birthplace literally -for his internship, following his graduation from Yale Medical School. His wife, the former Hilda J. Hinz, is also a Canal Zone girl grown up, although she was born in Panama Hospital. She has just obtained a master's degree in music majoring in organ -from Yale University. Dr. Lester is the son of Charles Lester, Chief of the U. S.-rate Records Branch of the Personnel Bureau, and Mrs. Lester. The young doctor's wife is the daughter of C. L. Hinz, Postmaster at the Balboa Heights Post Office just across the hall from the Personnel Bureau, and Mrs. Hinz. Both Dr. and Mrs. Lester attended Balboa Elementary and High Schools. He was also graduated from the Canal Zone Junior College, and obtained a B. A. from the University of Oklahoma before entering medical school. His wife was graduated from Oberlin College before entering the Yale University Graduate School. Dr. Lester already has considerable Canal service, having worked several summers as a student assistant, substitute teacher, clerk, and medical technician. His wife is well known locally for her musical abilities, having served as organist on the Isthmus on many occasions. what do the Girl Scouts do all year? Here are a few things which keep them busy: Every troop is the girls' own club, for which she works and plans. And through her program activities she learns what skills and talents she may have and how to use them, how she may be of service to her community and how she can foster international friend.ship. At Easter time the Brownies of Pedro Miguel made baskets for the children in Gorgas Hospital's tuberculosis ward. At Christmas time every scout troop had a special project to help someone less fortunate than they. More recently the senior troop in Curundu ran a child care center during the Army's disaster control exercises, "Operation Jackpot." And this month a number of the seniors are working as volunteer program aides for the Brownie day-camp at Diablo Heights.

PAGE 16

16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW July 4, 1952 New Governor Spends Busy Month Seeing Canal Zone Jobs And People Villages Antedating Settlement Of U. S. Lie Buried Under Waters Of Gatun Lake THE LITTLE LEVERS which open and close the giant gates and val\es of Gatun Loclis are explained to Governor Seybold by B. G. Tydeman (right), Control House Operator, while Captain Marvin J. West (left), the new Marine Director looks on. The picture above was taken during one of the many field trips Governor Seybold has taken to Canal installations all over the Canal Zone since his arrival early last month. Few, if any, employees could claim they were busier last month than Governor John S. Seybold. Since the time he and Mrs. Seybold stepped from the Panama liner Panama on the morning of June 9, his office hours and many hours every day after offices closed have been filled with activity. His first four-week period will be climaxed by an address at the Independence Day patriotic exercises to be held at 3 :30 o'clock in the afternoon of July Fourth at Balboa Stadium. He also plans to attend the annual Fourth of July party of the American Society of Panama which will be held this year at Panama Golf Club. Governor Seybold did not take long to get out into the field and see the installations of the Canal and its auxiliary activities. A series of field trips was begun the second week after his arrival and has now included all of the major installations. Atlantic Side Visits Three mornings of the week of June 16-20 were spent on the Atlantic side. He began inspections of installations on the Pacific side to learn the work and to become acquainted with the men and women on the jobs during the following week. His first visits on the Pacific side were made to the three principal hospitals on Tuesday, June 25, accompanied by Maj. Gen. George W. Rice, Health Director, who was to leave the Isthmus the following day. The Go\ernor was accompanied on all of his trips by the Bureau Directors who have supervision of the particular installations he was visiting. Among the Atlantic side installations and work he visited were the Commissary Division's plant at Mount Hope; Mindi Dairy; the Printing Plant; the Cristobal piers and other installations of the Railroad and Terminals Bureau; the Industrial Bureau shops; quarters; Commissary retail stores; Clubhouses; Police and Fire Stations; Hotel Washington; Storehouses; Gatun Locks; post offices; and Colon Hospital. Other Field Trips Other field trips during the past three weeks have taken him to the principal installations or work of the Pacific side. These have included Madden Dam; the Dredging Division; Miraflores Filtration Plant; Sosa Hill Quarry; the Reproduction Plant at Diablo Heights; the Tank Farms and Oil Handling Plants; Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division work; Hotel Tivoli; quarters and Clubhouses; and the Canal Zone Experiment Gaixlens. He also paid a visit to the United States District Court during the course of his orientation trips. Governor Seybold's first day on the Isthmus was one of the busiest. He and Mrs. Seybold were met at shipside by members of his stafi' and their wives and representatives of the United States Embassy. They were greeted at Balboa Heights Railroad Station by high Army, Navy, and Air Force officials. Governor Meets Press The Governor held an informal press conference on the afternoon of his arrival in the Board Room of the Administration Building. This was attended by one of the largest gatherings of press and radio representatives ever to attend such a conference in recent years. His first day in the Canal Zone was completed with an address at welcoming ceremonies held that night in Balboa Stadium for him and Mrs. Seybold. When Governor and Mrs. Seybold arrived here last month it was their first glimpse of the Isthmus in more than 25 iCuntinu^d from pag; 6) French days, and f^Ji during the American occupation has is>| been a small canal village. g; Across the Chagres river from San oi| Pablo is Caimito, one of the names i^l ft)und on Esquemeling's map. It was a -jI canal labor camp in the French time and ol also under the Americans until the work *| at that point was finished. Of this class I also is Mamei, likewise a railroad station in 1862, and little more than that today, although it was the location of several quarters for Canal workers a few years ago. Gorgona bears the name given by Pizarro to an island off the coast of Colombia, because he found around it such treacherous currents. It may be that this name was adopted arbitrarily, or that the Chagres River travellers found in the river at this place some eddies which reminded them of the currents off Gorgona Island. Of this place Otis says: "The native town of Gorgona was noted in the earlier days of the river travel as the place where the wet and jaded traveller was accustomed to worry out the night on a rawhide, exposed to the insects and the rain and in the morning if he was fortunate regale himself on jerked beef and plantains." In the French time large shops were situated here, at the point where the American shops now are, known as Bas Matachin. At the time of the first Canal Zone census in 1908 its inhabitants numbered 1,065 whites, 1,646 blacks and 39 Chinese, a total of 2,750. The population has increased owing to the expansion of the shops, and the lower parts of the village will be covered by the waters of Gatun Lake and, therefore, the shops will be moved in about a year to the site reserved for the permanent machine shops in Balboa. New Port Captain C.\PT.\L\ HORATIO \. LINCOLN, U. S. N., is the new Balboa Port Captain. He came to the Canal Zone from San Francisco, where he has been on duty with the Military Sea Transportation Service. He arrived on the Isthmus June 21, accompanied by his wife, their 16-year-old son, Robert A., and daughter, Susan B., 11. years. They had lived for three years— 1922 to 1925— at Corozal when he was on duty there as a Lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers.


xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID ETWEOFOVW_QD14T6 INGEST_TIME 2011-04-25T22:53:14Z PACKAGE UF00097366_00102
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES