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Gift �f thePanama Canal Museum
Vol. 2, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 6, 1952 5 cents
their arrival in the Canal Zone
Governor Seybold is the eleventh to
as Governor of th3 Canal Zone
since the Panama Canal was opened to
world traffic in August 1915. He took the
oath of office in Washington May 27 and
his arrival on the Isthmus will be as Gov-
ernor and, concurrently, as President and
Director of the Panama Canal Company.
The oath of office was administered by
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., in
the office of the Secretary. A brief des-
cription of the ceremony and statements
made by Secretary Pac? and Governor
Seybold appear on page 2 of this issue of
THE CANAL REVIEW.
The new Governor and Mrs. Seybold
will be welcomed at the pier in Cristobal
on their arrival by a group of officials
Acting Governor and
Robert M. Peacher.
After brief shipside
A RECENT PICTURE of Governor and Mrs. Seybold is shown above. The
new Governor and his
wife will arrive Monday morning aboard the Panama liner Panama. The Isthmus of Panama is not new
to them. They lived at Corozal for three years, 1922 to 1925, not long after Governor Seybold was grad-
uated from the United States Military Academy.
ceremonies the entire party
THE PANAMA CANAL!REVIEW
June 6, 1952
In a brief and simple ceremony, un-
precedented in many respects in the
Canal's history, Brig. Gen. John S. Sey-
bold took oath of office as the eleventh
Governor of the Canal Zone on May 27
in the office of the Secretary of the Army
in the Pentagon Building in Washington,
The oath of office was administered by
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr.,
who is the designated representative of
the President for the supervision of the
administration of the Canal Zone Govern-
ment, and is the Stockholder of the Pana-
ma Canal Company. Attending the cere-
mony were Karl R. Bendetsen, Under
Secretary of the Army and Chairman of
the Board of the Panama Canal Com-
pany; Roberto Heurtematte, Ambassador
from Panama to the United States; and
Edward Miller, Assistant Secretary of
It was the first time that the oath of
office for Governor has been administered
in the United States. The occasion was
also unprecedented by the attendance of
a Secretary or Assistant Secretary of State
or a Panama Ambassador.
The importance of the mission of the
new Governor was stressed by Secretary
Pace in a brief statement after General
Seybold took the oath. The statement of
the Secretary follows:
"Congratulations, Governor. This new
post that you now assume is one of trans-
cenden t importance not only to the Army
but to the United States of America.
"Building on the splendid accomplish-
ments of those who have preceded you, in
the days and years in which you will
undertake this important service you will
not only have the opportunity to main-
tain, protect and improve this great and
truly majestic enterprise, but you will
also have the responsibility of maintaining
and strengthening the close and cordial
relationship that now exists between our
country and the Republic of Panama. I
know that you will not only undertake the
important assignment of seeing that the
manifold responsibilities incident to the
operation of the Panama Canal are well
managed but that you will, in addition,
A NEW GOVERNOR takes office. Governor Seybold, right, takes oath of office administered by
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., in the latter's office in the Pentagon building in Washington. In
the center is Karl R. Bendetsen. Under Secretary of the Army, who is Chairman of the Board of the
Panama Canal Company.
to you, and through you to all of the
people who are engaged with you in this
The following brief reply was made by
Governor Seybold in response to the
keenly the resp
you have entru
accord with yoi
operation of the
ment and maintb
of the Ambass;
sted to me.
enance of cloi
I am min full
in regard to
se and cordial
very presence here today
ador of the Republic of
New Canal Traffic Record Is Expected
This Year If June Transils Are Heavy
Panama to the United States and of
Assistant Secretary of State Miller is
further evidence of the fine relationship
existing between our two countries and of
the importance both nations attach to
"I approach the performance of the
duties of this office in all humility but
with a determination to bring to the task
all' the understanding and vigor at my
command. The expression of your confi-
dence and support is most gratefully
received and is a source of reassurance to
me. I shall do everything in my power to
measure up to the confidence you express."
1 - 1 p.__ 1 LI- .. 1-- LA :li tL�
believed unlikely that a new yearly
will be set this year in the amount
collected. The existing record was
'n\ 4b0\ 4ionol ,,no, 109 nO T4hn i +.n4-o
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Welcome Planned For Gov. Seybold
On Arrival For Duty In Canal Zone
(Continued from page I) will board a
special Panama Railroad motor car for
return to the Pacific side. Further wel-
coming ceremonies by various officials
will take place upon arrival of the party
at the Balboa Heights railroad station.
The principal event of the Governor's
first day in the Canal Zone will be a
special program which will be held Mon-
day night at the Balboa Stadium. Full
details of this program will be announced
in the daily press of the Isthmus.
The new Governor is a native of
Topeka, Kan. Neither he nor Mrs. Sey-
bold are new to the Isthmus. They lived
at Corozal for three years, from Novem-
ber 1922 until November 1925, when he
served as a Lieutenant with the llth En-
gineers. His assignments during that
period included the Military Survey and
Mapping Program for Panama.
Governor Seybold is recognized as one
of the ablest general officers of the Corps
of the Engineers with wide experience in
administration as well as in both civil and
military engineering. His entire career
since his graduation from the United
States Military Academy in 1920 except
for three months following his graduation
when he served min the Coast Artillery
Corps, has been as an officer of the Corps
of Engineers in which he has served with
distinction in assignments of increasing
Comes Here From Washington
, He has been Assistant Chief of Engi-
neers for Personnel and Administration
since May 1951, having been chosen for
that exacting position while serving as
Division Engineer for the South Pacific
Division with headquarters in San Fran-
In addition to his bachelor of science
degree from the United States Military
Academy at West Point, Governor Sey-
bold received a degree in Civil Engineer-
ing from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
in Troy, N. Y. in 1922, and has completed
Engineer School courses at Camp Hum-
phreys, Va. He also served four years as
Assistant Professor of Military Science
and Tactics at the Agricultural and Me-
chanical College of Texas.
His tours of duty with troops have
included assignments at Camp Grant, Ill;
Fort Dupont, Del; and FortHancock, N.J.
Ca ttflAf Ta I . 7>--t.�jh a� na I 'lit ant^j
PETER BEASLEY, Special ConsUltant to the Secretary of the Army, this month is making his third
visit to the Canal Zone. Mr. Beasley came to the Isthmus early this year to attend the meeting of the
Board of Directors of the Panama Can4i Company and spent several weeks here at that time. lie returned
in March for a two-week visit as the head of a committee appointed to investigate and select a site for
new housing on the Pacific side. As a result of this study, additional land at Corozal was made available
for use by the Canal Company. Mr. Beasley arrived on his present visit, which is of indefinite duration,
early this week.
after two and one-half years as assistant
Supervised Largest Earth Dam
Following his return from overseas duty
in 1945, he served as District Engineer at
Syracuse, N. Y., and later at Baltimore,
Md. In 1947 he became District Engineer
of the Garrison District, with headquar-
ters at Bismarck, N. D., with redponsibil-
ity for the construction of the world's
largest rolled-earth-fill dam on the Mis-
souri River at Garrison, N. D;
His assignment as Division Engineer of
the South Pacific Division began in May
1950. In this position he was responsible
for the administration of flood control,
river and harbor improvements, and sev-
A ... ^J. 2- . A ..A j-h JC nM . 1., . -h h r4 h- n- n * r JS.' *S1^ ^
eral large military construction projects
for the Army and Air Force in California,
Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and min Hawaii.
Governor Seybold was awarded the
Legion of Merit for exceptional meritor-
ious services in the Procurement Branch
in the Office of the Chief of Engineers, and
wears the Bronze Star Medal for his out-
standing service ir the European Theater.
His first promotion in the military
ranks after his graduation from West
Point came while serving at Corozal when
he was promoted, June 17, 1925, from
Second to First lieutenant. His last pro-
motion to Brigadier General came last
July with the dae of rank from June 30,
of employees entering and 1
locks areas was discussed at
was raised by Daiiel P. Kiley,
tive of the Pacifie Side Locks
Other questions brought up
May meeting :nduded:
Unlabelled canned goods in
i t... . 11
; the quality and price of gaso-
Quarters for Company - Government
employees are springing up on both sides
of the Canal Zone to such an extent that
summer vacationers will find a marked
change in the landscape when they return
in the Fall.
In scope, the quarters construction
program this year rivals that of any year
since the close of the Canal construction
period when housing was being provided
in the new townsites for the operating
force. Mos of the work is being done by
contract although the Maintenance Divi-
sion has charge of the construction of new
houses in the Pyle Street- Morgan Avenue
area in Balboa and the municipal develop-
ment in the new building site at Corozal.
Not all of the construction sites are
pictured on this page. Those not shown
in the five pictures at the right are:
townsite is being developed north of
Corozal for local-rate employees on the
Pacific side. This work is being done
under contract by Macco-Panpacific, Inc.
BALBOA, where construction of 11
composite houses with 15 apartments is
COROZAL, where grading and other
municipal work has been started; and
PARAISO, where Tucker McClure is
engaged in building 244 family units.
Taking the pictures at the right, from
top to bottom, in order:
At Rainbow City, 9, new apartments,
all in two-family masonry on the ground
houses, are due for completion September
28. Isthmian Constractors holds the
$645,730 contract for Rainbow City
houses. They will be Identical to those
completed earlier this y ar.
Margarita, 131 Houses
Macco-Panpacific hods the $3,136,247
contract for the new quarters at Marga-
rita (second from the top) in the northern
extension to the present town. A total of
131 houses are to be huilt, all masonry.
They are due for competbn on June 2S,
up in Di
.i n i7 r
new masonry houses are going
tblo Heights (cent-r picture) on
, /v tfIti -1 nT A 1 l--/i\ L~;~ �4l m] r L,
- - - - - --- - ..
- U *c~~-3~t - - -. -a
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
FOR YOUR INTER
Little Jack Homner
Stood on the corner
Watching the traffic go by
But when it passed
He crossed over at last
And said,"What a good boy am I!"
Starting in the first grade with jingles
like this, all the students in the Canal
Zone schools receive frequent safety les-
They are taught from the time they
first enter kindergarten that safety is
Safety is a regular part of the school
curriculum and the subject is taught min
many different ways to fit the age-level
and the current interests of children in
their day-to-day activities.
Some classes write stories and others
write slogans and others draw pictures
and posters. In some schools there are
dramatizations of the work of traffic offi-
cers and illustrations of stop and go lights.
Young students illustrate safety situa-
tions in classroom sandtables and they
learn and sing little safety songs. Many
read safety stories, then draw up their
own sets of safety rules.
There are also motion pictures and
filmstrips and field trips to fire stations
and classroom demonstrations of fire
Older students learn in the classroom
to identify dangerous plants, have bicycle
Bureau Award For
AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR
Community Services ....------------
Civil Affairs ---- ----------...
Engineering and Construction----
Railroad and Terminals ---------
Supply and Service.. ..- -
riding lessons, and study other safety
subjects geared to their own interests.
Every year the police and fire divisions
coordinate the safety lessons they have
for children with the programs and cur-
riculum in the schools. Their assistance
in the safety program results in demon-
strations of the use of fire equipment,
proper bicycle riding, and the annual
classroom emphasis on the observation of
Fire Prevention Week.
Something new in safety lessons in the
past two years are the air-raid drills,
which have been held periodically. In
"hit-the-deck" drills, for attacks without
warning, children learn to seek shelter
under desks, or seats or any protection
nearby. In the more formal drills, the
children are conducted to the best shelter
available in or near the school, designated
for attacks preceded by warnings.
The safety lessons are on many sub-
jects but they fall into these general
Lessons on safety at home and in school
include instructions about falls, injuries
from sharp objects, the medicine cabinet,
matches, electrical appliances, stoves,
safety on the playground, and asphyxia-
Street safety lessons teach children
proper actions at crossings, on rainy days,
in automobiles, playing in or near streets,
at traffic signals, bicycle riding, and
Fire safety lessons teach children about
burns, fire-alarm boxes, use of fire extin-
guishers, fire drills, and fire hazards.
Children also learn about water safety
and wild plant and animal life as part of
their safety education.
First-aid lessons are taught first in
grade school, in simple, easy-to-under-
stand form. Then in high school, there is
a required course in first aid as part of
the physical education program.
The school safety work is a continuous
program but has been accentuated during
the past two months. The lessons being
taught came to light min many children's
THIS POSTER, done by sixth grade students
Marie Bleakley and Charles De Tore of Cristobal
Elementary School, is one example of the safety work
done in Canal Zone schools. The poster is displayed
in this picture by Balboa kindergarten students
Alpheus Sloan III of Fort Amador and Margaret
Henson of Albrook Air Force Base.
papers on subjects ranging from safe
Hallowe'en and Christmas celebrations
to warning against climbing on construc-
tion equipment and rules against paper
wads and bean shooters.
But even so, the Schools Division and
the Safety Branch recognize that there
have been too many accidents involving
children. As much as they plan and as
much as they teach to make the Canal
Zone a safe place for children, they be-
lieve the most effective safety lessons are
the ones youngsters learn in their own
homes. And as teachers they know that
the best teachers of all are foresighted
and painstaking parents.
Charles E. Bradley has been catching,
buying, selling, trading, stuffing, training,
and talking wild animals and reptiles for
something like 20 years and has learned to
like "cats" and snakes best.
"Cats," he says, "are like women-
moody, jealous, smart, dangerous, and
interesting-with all due respect to my
As for snakes, who helped him meet her,
he likes them probably because he knows
them best and has for a long time back.
Mr. Bradley is a machinist by trade and
a lock operator at Pedro Miguel. Animals
and snakes are a sideline that have been
his big or small-time business all his
He doesn't catch them himself these
days but buys the animals, birds, and
snakes other hunters bring him. Then he
sells them, as he has for years, to zoos, pet
shops, museums, and showmen in many
parts of the world.
From 1945 to 1947, he was in the animal
collecting business with headquarters in
Barranquilla, Colombia. At the height of
his activity there, he sent out a planeload
of animals, birds, and snakes every
For about a year, in 1947, he demon-
strated to audiences in different parts of
the United States the process of milking
a rattler. His lectures on poisonous
snakes-demonstrated with the rattler for
good showmanship sound effects-were
usually for Scout groups.
Bitten Five Times
His fondness for snakes has not been
dimmed by five rattler and fer-de-lance
bites followed by five grave periods in
He doesn't like to live dangerously, he
says, but he does prefer peril nearby.
In 1948 and 1949 he was an animal
trainer for a West Coast dealer who
handled jungle-bred animals for the
movies. There the animals came in wild
but were all well trained before they
appeared before movie cameras.
His wife is newer to the animal business
but is a junior working partner. He thinks
her business sense suffers from liking
animals too much to sell them but she is
good with "cats," and once handled one
panther no one else could manage to train.
When Mr. Bradley first laid eyes on his
future wife in Miami in 1946 he told her
about his snake collection and invited her
out to see them. He believes she took
little stock in the snake story approach-
or that's what he thinks now-but she
did go out and she did see snakes-that
day and from that time on.
Then from "I do" day their choice of
pets made them popular like the plague.
Travelling Boa Constrictor
Junior, their boa, was a much-traveled
snake who lived in every hotel in Florida.
But with hotel managers and other guests
he was a snake very non-grata. So for
check-ins and check-outs, traveling around
and other public appearances, they
snuggled his six feet in a suitcase or bag or
twined him around Mr. Bradley's middle.
Cheeta, a puma, was their favorite pet,
but she pushed one landlady almost to
suicide. After that they saw to it that
Cheeta's charms were hidden so they
could keep a roof over their heads. The
honor system of explaining her first and
then asking for a place to live only made
landlords fearful and didn't help them a
bit with their constant housing headaches.
All went well for quite some time in an
apartment in Chicago. Cheeta was walked
by night, hidden from view in the shad-
ows of nearby alleys. She slept with the
Bradleys as she always had, protesting if
they hogged the covers. She ate her raw
meat and lolled around the house as if
she were home in the Volcan.
Landlady Discovers Pet Puma
Then one day when the Bradleys were
gone, the landlady heard a fan amiss in
their apartment. She walked in the room
and went to the windows and opened the
CHARLES E. BRADLEY, lock operator at
Pedro Miguel Locks, holds one of the many animals
he has owned and handled in his long-time animal
buffaloes from Africa, and tapirs from
Central America. The smallest was the
mouse oppossum, a three-inch animal
native to Panama.
Jaguar And Gorilla Dangerous
The most dangerous animals in Brad-
ley's experience are the jaguar and the
gorilla. The jaguar, which he considers
the worse, is a big cat common in Panama,
unprovoked and is known
and a killer the natives
al and snake is a person-
, and they don't go by
ns. Some want to be
friendly if the approach is just right but
others would be killed before they are
Mr. Bradley Started Young
Mr. Bradley started catching snakes
when he was about 14. Later, he covered
a large part of the South collecting rat-
tlers, cotton-mouths, and copperheads
and milking them for their venom.
He first became acquainted with jungle
animals when he came to the Canal Zone
in 1942. He had been a machinist for
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
____ OF CURRENT INTEREST
Official * -.-_
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Priinting Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
JOHN S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President
E. C. LoMBARD, Executive Secretary
J. RUFUs HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MCILHENNY
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.
SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-O10cents each
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to the Editor, THE
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights,
Please notify us promptly of any
Post offices everywhere have pre-
pared postal card forms for notices
of changes of address.
CAPT. ROBERT M. PEACHER, above, is the third United States Naval Officer in the Canal's
history to act as Governor of the Canal Zone. He was appointed to that position, effective May 23,
by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr. He was also delegated to perform the duties of President
I of the Panama Canal Company which relate to the Company's activities on the Isthmus.
Acting Governor Peacher last month completed two years of duty with the Canal organization.
He succeeded Capt. P. S. Nichols, now retired, as Marine Superintendent in May 1950 and became
Marine Director two months later in the reorganization which made both the Locks and Dredging
Divisions units of the Marine Bureau.
The Acting Governor will serve until the arrival of Governor John S. Seybold next Monday.
He and Mrs. Peacher plan to sail for the States next Friday and he will be on temporary duty in
New York until the end of this month when he will retire from active service with the Navy.
The two Naval officers who had served as Acting Governor prior to Captain Peacher were Rear
Admiral Clark H. Woodward and Commodore Stewart A. Manahan, both now retired. Both held
the rank of Captain in the Navy at the time they served as Acting Governor.
Admiral Woodward served briefly as Acting Governor in 1929 during the absence of Governor
Harry Burgess and the illness of Maj. Gen. Julian L. Schley, the Engineer of Maintenance. Com-
modore Manahan served a short time as Acting Governor in May 1942 when Governor Glen E.
Edgerton was in the United States and Maj. Gen. Joseph C. Mehaffey, then Engineer of Main-
tenance, was ill in Gorgas Hospital.
Captain Peacher is the first head of the Marine Bureau, or Division, to be appointed to head
the Canal organization. Both Admiral Woodward and Commodore Manahan became Acting Gov-
ernors by an "order of succession" established in 1922 by an order issued by Secretary of War John
W. Weeks. This procedure was abolished in January 1950, by a Presidential order providing for the
Secretary of the Army to appoint an Acting Governor in the absence of both the Governor and
Lieutenant Governor from their duties.
.. ~ - I
Most drugs and medical supplies used in
the Canal organization will be purchased
through the Army starting July 1, effecting
a considerable economy in the procurement
of these items.
The supplies will be ordered from the
A~~.1. fl _ s i T ,i � ii
Recent moves among Canal
included the transfer of the mai
of the Housing Division fro
Administration Building at
Heights to the second floor
Balboa Housing Office; and the
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
The long-time Canal institution now
called Corozal Hospital is a lot more than
a hospital and its atmosphere is not very
The medical, administrative, and insti-
tutional practice of Col. George E. Hesner,
Superintendent, and his staff, leaves a lot
of leeway for common-sense consideration
for patients as personalities.
He believes his doctors, nurses, attend-
ants, and helpers do more work and do it
better than any comparable group he
knows of, but the efficiency seems painless
to the staff, the patients, and the outsider
Corozal Hospital houses a
that falls into two main groups
and the so-called chroniccs"
Colonel Hesner explains, arn
people who helped make
The insane are at Corozal b
court sends them there, accord
, the insane
cling to the
Persons believed to be psychotic are
first to a general h
are X-rayed and
graphic, chest, and
s, whether or not the
ric shock treatments.
en they are sent to
are under observati
ing the issuance of
hitting them to this
the end of that period, C
ties ask the court for
order or, if they believe ti
may be only temporary,
the observation period.
Colonel Hesner consid
err on the side of prolong
ey can be given
on for 30 days
a court order
an extension of
ers it better to
ng the observa-
tion period rather than commit to Corozal
anyone with only a temporary mental
upset and later, go through the involved
legal process of a release.
Corozal Hospital was originally "Coro-
zal Farm," or, as it was more generally
referred to in the correspondence leading
to its founding, "Corozal Cripple Farm."
Refuge For Indigents
It was planned as a refuge where m-
digents, crippled in Canal service, could
live and, if they wanted to, work.
Today's "chronies" are the counterpart
of the cripples for whom the farm was
founded. They are former Canal em-
ployees and dependents, taken from the
outside where they are helpless and given
at Corozal a place to live, good food,
medical attention, and a more-than-insti-
tutional amount of human kindness.
They come from former ranks of both
U. S.- and local-rate Canal forces and they
suffer all manner of diseases and infirmi-
ties, blindness, deafness, lameness, heart
conditions, arterial sclerosis, and just age.
Panamanian insane were cared for at
Corozal from 1915 to 1933 and 1934
when they were transferred to Retiro
Matias Hernandez in Panama City.
The large number of Spanish-speaking
patients now at Corozal prompted the
remark by a former Chief Health Officer
after he made the rounds with Colonel
Hesner, "George, these people would have
to be crazy to understand your Spanish."
Colonel Hesner Is Popular
But fractured as the language may be,
the Spanish-speaking patients seem to like
it just as well as those who speak English
when Colonel Hesner takes them by the
arm or shoulder, kids them about their
foibles or just greets them-from 8 to 80-
with the usual "Hi there, young man" or
The present Corozal census-which re-
mains fairly constant-includes 240 in-
sane and 100 chronic.
To take care of these patients, there
are in addition to the Superintendent, Dr.
George B. Hudock, clinical director, Col.
Leon Malock, and Maj. T. B. Hauschild,
Mrs. Marie McNeff, Chief Nurse, heads
the staff of 15 nurses.
There are also Robert Cole, Chief
- -. - a
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, Personnel
Mrs. Ruth Lord, Stenographer;
and 127 local-rate and 24 U. S.-rate
attendants, cooks, and helpers.
For the insane, Corozal Hospital has
an enviable record among such institu-
tions for the number of recoveries.
"Shock" Treatment Given
About 8,000 electric shock treatments
have been given to about 400 Corozal
patients since this method was first used
there in September 1947. About 80 per-
cent of those treated "went back over the
fence" recovered, Dr. Hudock says.
He prefaced an explanation of treat-
ments for the insane with the words of
G. K. Chesterton which he says are as
true today as when they were spoken:
"In the treatment of minsanity the treat-
ment must be drastic and the cure a
No one knows how the convulsions in-
electric shocks or other i
rrations from the human n
do-in some cases and in
insanity, Dr. Hudock says.
zol, which is injected
over a considerable period
rinmg about the curative co
sion, was used at Corozal from 1935 to
the time the electric shock treatments
were started there.
Insulin has been and is used at Corozal
on rare occasions but with considerable
reluctance as far as the staff is concerned.
This treatment is prolonged and delicate
compared to electric shock, and is given
only if a patient's family insists and fur-
nishes special nurses for the careful and
constant observation necessary.
One Lobotomy Performed
Also by special arrangement made by
one patient's family, a lobotomy recently
was performed on one woman at Corozal
who was taken to Dr. Antonio Gonzalez-
Revilla, a Panamanian brain surgeon, for
the delicate operation which could not be
done at Corozal. She came back a com-
pletely changed and vastly improved
Electric shock treatments for the in-
sane, in most general use at Corozal and
r1 I ^,n.,n - . .1-, n,.n ,-nnn 4 - f t.n, AW;^ ^t^ , . *... ..
June 6, 1952
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
small and innocuous min appearance and
the shock is so quick and certain that
patients suffer little apprehension and
scarcely know what happened to them.
Low Voltage Current Used
The current is something like 130 volts
for .2 second for a small woman and 120
volts for the same period for a large man.
Many special precautions worked out
for electric shock treatments at Corozal
might make the staff seem over-cautious,
Colonel Hesner says. However, there
have been few accidents-dislocated
joints, fractured vertabrae-and no
When the treatment first came into
general use in the United States in the
early 1940's, the fatalities were as high as
16 to 18 percent, Dr. Hudock says.
The use of Metrazol, on the other hand,
was a much more complicated and pro-
longed process and the patient's reaction
was far from pleasant. A patient came in
under his own power for the first Metra-
zol shock, Dr. Hudock says. For the
second treatment, it took two attendants
to bring him and after about the fourth
shock, several attendants had to carry
him bodily to cope with his violence.
Corozal's main obligation to the chron-
ics, in the opinion of Colonel Hesner, is to
make them as comfortable and happy as
possible. That means there are few rules
regarding their activities. They sleep
when and if and as long as they want to
and work and do other things very much
the same way.
Their food, like that of all the patients,
comes from the hospital kitchen presided
over by the long-time steward David H.
Hines, who will retire in November. And
Colonel Hesner, once exposed to a Cooks
and Bakers School in his long Army
career, is not averse to raising an author-
itative eyebrow and question to let the
cooks know he thinks he knows what
made a pie taste like paste or bread slices
that were too thick or too thin to make
the supply come out right.
Many Special Diets
Besides the regular meals, which would
be the envy and despair of budget-minded
housewives, there are many special diets
for patients with different infirmities and
SET IN A SCENE of tropical beauty is this ward building of Corozal Hospital.
If the world considers Corozal patients
unfortunates, there is no indication that
the staff regards them as anything but
Ward rounds turn up all kinds of con-
versation, questions, and quips.
One patient's bid for attention in the
form of vague, indefinable pains got this
answer: "Aren't you lucky to have those
pains. God gives you pains to make you
think about yourself-a good guy-nm-
stead of a bunch of no-good people."
And another who wanted seeds and a
plot of ground to grow peanuts and white
roses was told, "Peanuts and roses! Who-
ever heard of a combination like that!
You can't eat roses-but we'll see."
Patients Have Gardens
A few small plots of ground assigned to
patients for their own gardening-mainly
as an occupational-therapy measure-is
all that remains of the farming which
once made Corozal about 80 percent self
The farm, under the direction of a farm
manager, was started in February 1913
with 750 acres and 35 able-bodied laborers
to break the land and get the farm going
so that patients could carry on the work.
Congressional authorization for this insti-
tution for disabled indigents came in the
Sundry Civil Act of June 23, 1913.
Canal Zone insane patients were first
cared for in the old French quarters at
Miraflores. In 1907 they were moved to
the insane ward 7, Ancon Hospital, on the
location of the present San Juan Place.
In March 1915, the insane asylum was
transferred to Corozal Farm when the
farm and asylum were consolidated under
the name "Corozal Hospital."
Early farming operations were plagued
with problems-and consequent revisions
of regulations-as to whether or not
patients had to work if they could; rates
of pay for different classes of workers;
provisions for housing, with as little fight-
ing and friction as possible, patients and
dependents of different nationalities and
sometimes cantankerous character; thiev-
ing; plant and animal diseases; and, in
later years, economic headaches arising
from competition from other agricultural
interests employing able-bodied laborers,
particularly Chinese gardeners.
Even so the farm thrived and in the
peak years of the early 1920's included a
120-head dairy, about 400 hogs min a
"piggery," poultry yard, nursery, vege-
table and flower gardens, a coconut grove,
and many papaya, mango, citrus fruit,
and alligator pear trees. Guinea pigs,
rabbits, and pigeons also were raised on
the farm at different periods.
Other Occupational Therapy
Many of the farming activities, in-
cluding the dairy and hog farms, were
abandoned for lack of sufficient workmen
when Panamanian patients were trans-
Vacation activities moved to the fore-
front in the Canal Zone with the arrival
By the time the last school bells rang
this week, a record number of 550 stud-
ents had been graduated from the Cristo-
bal and Balboa High Schools, the La
Boca and Rainbow City Vocational High
Schools, and the Canal Zone and La Boca
In addition to the graduates, some
4,500 other students put aside thoughts
of books and examination papers as the
Canal Zone schools closed one of the most
successful years in their history.
Many of the graduates and students
will find employment during the summer
vacation period as student assistants in
various Panama Canal Company and
Canal Zone Government units.
As a result of their training, some of
the graduates employed during the sum-
mer will be retained in permanent posi-
tions similar to those they held during
their assistant training period.
The closing of schools also meant the
usual exodus of many Canal employees
and their families for the United States.
Although there are fewer Canal vacation-
ers bound for the States this summer than
in recent years, northbound sailings of the
Panama Line for the past few weeks have
been taken with near-capacity passenger
The rush of Canal employees toward
the States started early in May. This
year, it is expected that all Canal employ-
ees who have requested transportation on
the Panama Line will be accommodated
by the northbound sailing on June 20,
thus disposing of the backlog of transpor-
The thousands of Canal employees and
their families who will spend the summer
here will find vacation fun in the Summer
Recreation Program which has been
planned in most Canal Zone communities.
The six-week program of arts and
crafts classes, as well as sports and
recreational activities, will start J
in the local-rate communities
schools close earlier, and July 7 i
U. S.-rate communities.
structed. For 12 years before that, he
held the same job at Balboa Elementary
School. From 1915 to 1917, he was also
a school janitor at Cristobal School, which
was then in the annex of the Hotel
In his present job, he cleans 18 rooms
daily with the help of one assistant. He
picks up pens and pencils and sometimes
pocketbooks and delivers them to the
High School office.
He listens a little to classroom work if
it's convenient and arouses his interest.
He does many little chores for the
teaching staff and whatever he does, he
does well. He says the teachers and
principal are always nice and he takes
well to the kidding they give him.
He finds some notes but he doesn't read
them, and he could sometimes report stu-
dents, but he just never does. The only
trouble he ever finds are dogs who follow
students to school.
They're no real problem but Atherley
believes they just don't belong in the
classroom. And no matter how much
AUBREY ATHERLEY, head janitor at Balboa
Junior High School, scoots out one of many students'
dogs who want to go to school.
Several generations of students at Bal-
boa Junior High School have learned that
Aubrey Atherley is on their side but he
has no time for backtalk.
As a long time janitor in Canal Zone
schools, he has had a lot of experience
He says he speaks t
doing wrong but he's
mischief. He plays no
o them when they're
too busy to look for
favorites and tattles
no tales and they always get along
Atherley has been head janitor at the
Junior High School since September 1933,
when the present building was con-
rs beg, he's a
chases them away.
Has Job As Secretary
Outside the high school, Atherley has
a heavy job as secretary of the Barbadian
Progressive Society of Panama, a mutual
benefit insurance organization for persons
of Barbadian ancestry.
His other main interests are his son,
who lives with him in La Boca, and a
niece that he reared, who has been in Lcs
Angeles for seven years with the family
for whom she worked in the Canal Zone.
Atherley came from Barbados in 1910
and went to work first in Culebra, as a
member of a utility gang.
After his first two years as a school
janitor at Cristobal, he spent three years
cleaning bachelors' quarters at Cristobal
and Balboa, and in September 1921, he
started to work at Balboa School where
he has been working ever since.
Ins.rrntonrs. fnr thp nrnrrnm all vnluin-
Clubhouse Opens Self-Service Section
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
THESE ART LEAGUE members are shown deep in preparation for their Annual Beaux Arts Ball, which is not only fun but helps
to finance the organization's art scholarship.
One of the biggest and most enthusiastic
Canal Zone groups bound together by a
common interest in after-work-hours is
the large and growing number of people
who comprise the local art colony.
At the hub of the activities of many of
these artists is the Canal Zone Art League
whose artistic interests have spread to a
large part of the Canal Zone community.
Among Art League members are many
prolific artists known tothe public through
the League's exhibitions. Last year they
outgrew one annual show of their work,
which has been held since the organiza-
tion was founded, and established a per-
manent gallery at the Jewish Welfare
Board in Balboa.
At the Balboa gallery, exhibits of work
by individual members are changed every
make this aid possible, the organization
has had three annual Beaux Arts Balls.
One paralyzed teacher was provided a
scholarship for correspondence work in
art as a result of the League's efforts in
The membership of the present Art
League includes engineers, teachers, elec-
in the cli
or oils, t
and persons in various other vo-
Among the members are several
and wife teams. Persons from
of age or more may participate
s those who paint, in watercolors
here are ceramists, woodcarvers,
and print makers. In all fields of art, the
League attempts to keep abreast of the
major and current art movements.
The organization is guided by the
Many of the group for whom it was
formed were recent graduates of art
schools or had had brief careers in art
before they entered the armed services.
The local tropical scenery and atmosphere
provided new and tempting subject mat-
ter for many of these young artists and
wartime conditions created the need for
an outlet for their creative interests.
The first art clubs and classes for serv-
ice personnel were organized and directed
by E. C. Stevens at the Balboa YMCA.
But the constant shifting of the armed
forces artists created a need for a civilian
group to stabilize any such art groups,
and the Art League was formed to create
such a nucleus and to fill the need of that
Pu nflr l.i-rm,.nn Vnf..e4 fl..noi An d
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
New Civil Intelligence Branch
Craft Which Haul Ex-Kings
And King Tuna During May
Fishing boats are fishing boats to the
Panama Canal Company's Industrial Bu-
reau, whether the fishing craft be those
which carry ex-kings or those which carry
Both types were under repair last
month in the Industrial Bureau's yards at
The ex-king's fishing boat, Young Joe,
is not quite that, technically. Along the
Canal waterfront, the 315-ton former
minesweeper became known as the king's
yacht almost from the minute she touched
port in April with former King Leopold
of Belgium aboard. But members of the
Young Joe's crew insist that the vessel is
on a scientific expedition and that the
presence aboard of the former king was
The Young Joe belongs to the Inter-
national Society of Marine Biological Re-
search, to translate its French name some-
what literally, and has aboard a group of
scientists who are primarily interested in
plankton, small fish, and fish parasites.
They are also somewhat interested in
shaped cages of the flying mammals,
some of them vampires, which hung on
the Young Joe's rear deck.
The one-time minesweeper is equipped
with electrical fishing gear which stuns
marine life so that it can be brought
aboard without the damage caused by
either hook or net.
Presence of the Young Joe in the Mount
Hope shipyard was for a general overhaul
on its two engines. The Young Joe had
transited the Canal May 6 after a fishing
trip to the Pearl Islands. The former
king and his wife and several of the
scientists did not remain aboard but went
on to Venezuela.
In the meantime the overhaul was de-
layed pending the arrival of several parts
which had to be ordered from the States.
Many could have been manufactured here
but special tooling would have been re-
quired and the cost for such work here
or anywhere else- runs high.
While the overhaul of the Young Joe's
engines was going on, a fishing boat of
another vintage was dry-docked on the
marine railway not far away. This was
ROBERT C. WALKER, left, assumed his duties early last month as Chief of the Civil Intelligence
Branch. He succeeded Earl J. Williamson, right, who is leaving this month to accept another position
with the Federal Government in Washington, D. C. Mr. Walker served six years as Deputy Director
of the Intelligence and Security Division for the Field Command of the Armed Forces Special Weapons
Project, with headquarters in Albuquerque, N. Mex., before joining the Canal organization. Mr. William-
son has several years of Canal service and since last March he has been Chief of the Civil Intelligence
. .. . . . . . . . . . . . , ,
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Four new nationally advertised
have been added,
each with its own heavy or light or other-
wise distinctive cure that marks the special
process of its manufacturer.
The current first quality
Cudahy's Puritan, all in one-half
the fourth addition
No. 2 bacon.
, is a popular
are min addition to the bacon sold
under the Commissary label, also currently
sliced from a well-known national
* i �
that in laborato
proved four times more
ness than ordinary salt.
Bigger frozen fowl are in the commissar-
ies now. They weigh four pounds and more,
to lit big families and big appetites.
. . . . .
F rozen turkey
are now being sold
commissary prepackaged meat sections.
The pliofilm-wrapped birds, weighed and
priced and ready to take home, cost 82
a pound if they are eviscerated, and
68 if they
CARL PINTO, elected at the end of the past
school year, will serve as the new president of the
Student Association at Cristobal High School. He
has attended school at Cristobal
since the fourth
the son of Mr. and Mrs. Fabian Pinto
tised brand; and bacon squares, the real
penny-saver of the lot at 30 cents a pound.
For a paint job that makes ladies' lips
look good and stay that way all day, there's
a liquid lacquer named Lip-Stae to wear on
top of lipstick to keep it on.
A new lot of lamb, at a more comfortable
price, was bought by the Commissary Div-
ision in Ireland. If a steady supply can be
assured, there'll be more of this lamb to
please Scotch budgeteers and
For June wedding belles, the Bakery See-
tion points out they make wedding cakes
for just such
manager just what you
want and furnish the ornaments
Then the Bakery
Section works hard to fix what you
. . for 75 cents a pound.
Special bakery orders are also taken for
individual ice cream squares and sheet cakes
iced in pastel shades, and cut to fit the
number of guests at
Would-be gift givers who are scratching
their heads over gifts for the head of the
home, might consider this
suggestion list from men in the Commissary
Zippo cigarette lighters engraved with the
Panama Canal Company and the
A new and good gadget
is a porcupine
soap tray to keep your soap
New high and dry. It has rubber
Household bristles that stand up in the air
mar serve ats
as a rubber
Canal Zone Government seals that
Forget cost $4.25,
Father $1.95 . ..
and regular Zippos for
Penfold golf balls made
Pillsbury and Gold Medal flour can
be bought in 2-pound packages
in the 5-pound bags sold before.
in England cost 58 cents each and
could be bought by the box for a fancy
golf-fiend gift . .
$2.75 . . . Benn
. Kaywoodie pipes cost
us Sea Baron watches at
waterproof and shockproof, and
There's a large lot of scissors in the
right now, in
shears for po-
A. SMITH has been elected President
of the Balboa High School Student Association for
the 1952-1953 school year. He was vice president of
his junior class and has attended the Canal Zone
schools since he entered the first grade in 1943. He
is the son of Mr. and Mrs. John W. Smith of Rous-
the Barracuda by the same maker is a 17-
jewel shockproof, waterproof, and self-wind-
ing watch that costs $36.75 . . . there are
fishing reels from $3.85 for the snook fisher-
men and on up to $56 for deep-sea fishing
fathers . . . casting rods range from $6.55
to $20.75 . . . to go with the rods and reels
there are nylon, linen, and cuttyhunk lines
. . . sheathed hunting knives by W. R. Case
for $3.30 . . . toilet sets, Old Spice, Yard-
ley's, and John Hudson Moore for $1.20 to
$4 . . . ties-many Wembleys and
among others .
And good for all men who like to be
is a new Arrow Bi-way shirt
with a disappearing neckband that makes
it comfortable and good looking either as
a sport or dress shirt. It comes in colors
or fancy stripes and
either $3.60 or
This is the time of year when the sugar
in the commissaries comes from cane fields
in the Republic of Panama.
March through August, after the crop in
Panama is made into sugar, the largest pur-
by the Commnissary
/ Division are
made. The native sugar is bought on the
basis of United States Federal Specifications
and the money
159.39 last fiscal
value amounted to
For dietetics and dieters
to gain pounds, there's a ni
who don't like
ew non-fat milk
powder called Sanalac.
And for salad fanciers who like to dress
up their dressings, there
you might not know about: Heinz white,
malt, tarragon, and red wine.
There's a bacon in the Commissaries now
6th-American Legion Post No.
boa, 7:30 p. m.
7th-Track Foremen, Balboa B &
8th-Pipefitters, Margarita Cl
9:30 a. rn.
Sheetmetal Workers, N
Clubhouse, 9:30 a. m.
Plumbers, No. 606, Balb
9:30 a. m.
9th-Machinists, No. 699
of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion, Post
7:30 p. m.
Memorial, 7:30 p. m.
VFW Post No. 100. O
American Legion P<
7:30 p. m.
Clayton, 7:30 p. m.
Balboa, 7:30 p. m.
o. 157, Balboa
oa Lodge Hall,
No. 1, Balboa,
kd Boy Scout
7:30 p. m.
ost No. 2, Cri
Post No. 7,
llth-Carpenters, No. 913, Balboa Lodge
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Pacific Civic Council, Board Room,
Admin istration Building, 7:30 p. m.
13th-Blacksmiths, No. 400, with Boiler-
makers No. 463 and 471, Margarita
K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
S15th-CLU-MTC, Balboa Lodge Hall,
8:30 a. m.
16th-Truckdrivers, Balboa Lodge Hall,
7:30 p. m.
Electrical Workers, No.
Masonic Temple, 7:30 p. n
17th-Machinists, No. 811, B
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Operating Engineers, No.
rita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m.
18th-AFGE No. 14, Balboa
7:30 p. m.
G(atun, 7:30 p. m.
19th-- American Legion Auxiliary
Gamboa, 7:30 p, m.
of C. Hall, 7:34
7:30 p. m.
VFW Post No.
house, 7:30 p.
No. 699, Margarita
Hall, 7 p. m.
100, Old Boy
obal, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion Auxiliary No. 2,
Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
Board Room, Administration Building,
2 p. m.
1st-Gamboa Civic Council, Community
Center, 7:30 p. m.
Gatun Civic Council, Gatun Clubhouse,
7:30 p. m,.
2d-VFW Post No. 40, Wirz Memorial,
7:30 p. m.
3d-Carpenters, No. 667,
house, 7:30 p. m.
-. June 11
. June 18
Employees who observed important anni-
versaries during the month of May are listed
alphabetically below. The number of years
includes, all Government service with the
Canal or other agencies. Those with con-
tinuous service with the Canal are indicated
Maj. George Herman,
Berney J. Robinson, Si
Bunkering Section, Terminals Di
Landen H. Gunn, Operator,
Suction Dredge, Dredging D)ivision.
George F. Herman, Construction and
Maintenance Foreman, Dredging Division.
*Greta E. Mann, Nurse, Gorgas Hos-
James O. Deslondes, General
keeper, Storehouses Division.
Donald P. Hutchinson, Junior
House Operator, Pacific Locks.
Robert M. Blakely, Machinist Leading-
man, Industrial Bureau.
Russell W. Elwell, Ironworker-Welder,
Peter S. Legge, Steam Engineer, Dredg-
Mary F. Maguire, Secretary, Office of
the Executive Secretary.
John A. McNatt, General Investigator.
Frank W. Van Horne, Lock Operator,
Robert Van Wagner, Administrative
Assistant, Maintenance Division.
F. C. Willoughby, Operator-Foreman
Mechanic. Electrical DIivision,
Employees who retired at
av, their birthplace, titles,
T. Baxter, Maine; Tea
entary School; 30 yea
23 days; Waterville, Me.
Sue P. Core, Indiana;
' ,1 , - e 1 I . - - .... .
April 15 Through May 15
list contains the names of
those U. S.-rate employees who were trans-
ferred from one division to another (unless
the change is administrative) or from one
type of work to another.
tain within-grade promo
S. A- .. .. 1 . ..
It does not con-
ations and regrad-
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Frank Koenig, from Guard, Locks I)iv-
ision, to I 'ostal Clerk, I postal , Customs, and
Charles P. Morgan, from Superintend-
ent, Refuse Collection and I)isposal, Ground
Maintenance D)ivision, to General Construc-
William H. Gonzalez, from Electric
Welder to Combination Welder, Industrial
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Panama Canal purchases of supplies min
the Republic of Panama totaled $1,380,-
000 for the first nine months of this fiscal
gain of $205,000 over
period in the fiscal year
figures are exclusive of
r Government agencies
in the local markets.
Purchases bv the Canal
tion during the third quarter of this fiscal
year, January through March, were re-
ported at $475,000 as compared with
$521,000 during the third quarter of last
fiscal year. The $46,000 decrease was
attributed to the heavy purchases of
sugar and building material from Jan-
uary through March of last year.
The purchase of all commodities, other
than sugar and building materials, showed
a substantial gain this year over the 1951
figures. The sugar supply for the Com-
missary Division is bought on a contract
basis and no local suppliers entered bids
during the early part of this fiscal year,
although the stock for the present quarter
is being supplied locally.
No Heavy Stockpiling Now
The drop of nearly $80,000 in the pur-
chase of building materials was influenced
by two factors. The Storehouse Division
was stockpiling these materials early last
year for the building program. No heavy
stockpiling is being done at present since
two of the largest building contractors
this year elected to make their own pur-
chases under an elective clause in the
construction contracts. While no figures
on these purchases by contractors in the
local markets are available to the Canal,
it is believed probable that building ma-
terials are being bought in much heavier
quantities this year than last because of
the greatly expanded building program.
There was an increase of more than
$50,000 in the purchase of materials in
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
(Continued from page 14)
Kenneth G. Taylor, from Policeman,
Police Division, to Guard. Locks Division.
Panama in the third quarter of this fiscal
year over that of last year in the various
categories other than sugar and building
The following figures, in round num-
bers, show the amount of purchases for
the two third quarters:
Meat products ..... $186,000
Fruit and vegetables ..... . 29,000
Other agricultural products. 10,000
Other food products ... 4,000
Beverages ...--..-- ...... 26,0,00
Sugar and alcohol.... . 55,0(0)
Forest products......... 13,000
Industrial products ... 115,000(
Miscellaneous supplies 83,000
The following table shows total pur-
chases for the first 9 months of the fiscal
years 1951 and 1952:
Meat products --... . -- . $366,000
Fruits and vegetables .... 75,000
Other agricultural products 32,000
Other food products----- 13,000
Beverages-- ..- --- --75,000
Sugar and alcohol ....-- 85,000
Forest products ------- - 17,000
Industrial products ....... 260,000
Miscellaneous supplies ---- 250,000
Total--- --.- ----$1,175,000
It is believed that the total purchases
for this fiscal year will exceed by nearly
a half million dollars those in the fiscal
year 1951. Buying in the Panama market
during the last quarter of the fiscal year
1951 was comparatively light, whereas
the local purchases during April and May
of this year are reported at about the
same level as has prevailed throughout
this year. In addition, the purchase of
local sugar will be added to this year's
figures in the last quarter.
Beef Purchases Heavy
The purchase of Panama beef cattle
during January, February, and March of
this year represented, by far, the greatest
MAJ. (OEN. GEORGE W. RICE, Health Director,
will complete his assignment in the Canal Zone this
month, lie plans to sail for the States late this month
and expects to be temporarily assigned to duty at
Brooke Medical Center in San Antonio, Tex., where
he and Mrs. Rice plan to make their future home.
General Rice took office as Chief Health Officer of
The Panama Canal in May 1949, the title being
changed to Health Director when the reorganization
of the Canal took place in July 1950.
money value of any single product bought
locally. Beef purchases during these three
months totaled nearly $160,000. Other
meat products bought in substantial
quantities were seafood and fowl. Over
$18,000 was spent for fish, lobster, and
An $8,000 gain was shown in the pur-
chase of local fresh fruits and vegetables
during the third quarter over the com-
parable period of last fiscal year. This
increase was attributed largely to the co-
operative efforts which have been made
during the past two years by Panama and
Canal authorities as well as local produc-
ers to increase this trade.
The most notable increases in the com-
parative figures for the two third-quarters
were in the purchase of forest products
and beverages. The purchase, of forest
products increased by $17,000 while ap-
proximately $9,000 more was spent this
year for beverages of various classifica-
THE PANAMA'CANAL REVIEW
POTENTIAL APPRENTICES in the Canal's apprentice training program are shown here taking the apprenticeship examination administered by C. A. Dubbs,
Training Officer. Successful candidates will start in July four-year training courses in nine crafts in the Canal organization.
Sixteen apprentices in the Canal organ-
ization will start in July four-year train-
ing programs leading to qualification as
journeymen in 10 crafts.
The apprenticeship examination, the
results of which form the register from
which the 16 apprentices v
was given to 41 applicants
The test, which is give
May, was administered by
Training Officer, and B.
Assistant Training Officer.
ill be chosen,
on May 10.
a annually in
C. A. Dubbs,
The apprenticeships to be established
this year will be in the following crafts
and Canal units:
Industrial Bureau: Three
two combination welders, an
Electrical Division: Four w
cablesplicers and one aut
Printing Plant: One
Results of the apprenti
tion serve as an aid to
d one boat-
The four-year training program in-
cludes practical shop experience and class-
room work, under the general direction
of Philip Green, Industrial Training Co-
The classes, taught by Mr. Green, are
very much the same for all apprentices
during the first year of training, with less
time but more individualized instruction
Resolutions of commendation for their
part in maintaining the joint police patrol
which has operated successfully in the
New Cristobal area for the past year were
made last month by the Cristobal-Mar-
garita Civic Council to Maj. Pastor Ra-
mos of the Colon Police and Capt. John
Fahnestock of the Cristobal Police.
Colon and Canal Zone police share the
motor patrol which operates in this area
on a 24-hour a day basis.
as they become more specialized.
The amount of classroom work varies
for the different trades but amounts to
something like 500 to 850 hours in the
four years of training. The times and
periods for classwork also vary consider-
ably for different trades and at different
periods of the training but are frequently
given one day weekly.
Major Ramos' commendation was de-
livered to him by Edward D. White, Jr.,
President of the Cristobal - Margarita
Council, in the presence of Col. Richard-
son Selee, Civil Affairs Director, and Maj.
George Herman, Chief of the Canal Zone
Police. The commendation for Captain
Fahnestock was sent to the Governor who
forwarded it to Captain Fahnestock with
an accompanying congratulatory note.
In November 1904, the Isthmian Canal
Commission's employees on the Isthmus
numbered 3,500. In November 1905,
they totaled approximately 17,000.
officer in the
units in which apprentices
- I 1