Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
Gift f thePanama Canal Museum

CANAL


=


Vol. 2, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 6, 1952 5 cents


WELCOME


ON


PLANNED

ARRIVAL


FOR


GOV.


CANAL


JOHN

ZONE


SEYBOLD


FOR


NEW


DUTIES


Executive
Resided


And
At


Wife
Corozal


In
Plans


Early


have


Army


been


he welcome
Mrs. John


Life


completed
f Governor
Seybold on


their arrival in the Canal Zone


Monday morning


Panama liner


aboard


Panama.


Governor Seybold is the eleventh to


hold office


as Governor of th3 Canal Zone


since the Panama Canal was opened to
world traffic in August 1915. He took the
oath of office in Washington May 27 and
his arrival on the Isthmus will be as Gov-
ernor and, concurrently, as President and
Director of the Panama Canal Company.
The oath of office was administered by
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., in
the office of the Secretary. A brief des-
cription of the ceremony and statements
made by Secretary Pac? and Governor
Seybold appear on page 2 of this issue of
THE CANAL REVIEW.
The new Governor and Mrs. Seybold
will be welcomed at the pier in Cristobal
on their arrival by a group of officials


headed by


Acting Governor and


Robert M. Peacher.


After brief shipside


A RECENT PICTURE of Governor and Mrs. Seybold is shown above. The


new Governor and his


wife will arrive Monday morning aboard the Panama liner Panama. The Isthmus of Panama is not new
to them. They lived at Corozal for three years, 1922 to 1925, not long after Governor Seybold was grad-
uated from the United States Military Academy.


ceremonies the entire party


Continues


Chairman


page 3)





THE PANAMA CANAL!REVIEW


June 6, 1952


Gov.


Seybold


akes


Oath


Of


Office


Administered


By


Secretary


Of


Army


In a brief and simple ceremony, un-
precedented in many respects in the
Canal's history, Brig. Gen. John S. Sey-
bold took oath of office as the eleventh
Governor of the Canal Zone on May 27
in the office of the Secretary of the Army
in the Pentagon Building in Washington,
D.C.
The oath of office was administered by
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr.,
who is the designated representative of
the President for the supervision of the
administration of the Canal Zone Govern-
ment, and is the Stockholder of the Pana-
ma Canal Company. Attending the cere-
mony were Karl R. Bendetsen, Under
Secretary of the Army and Chairman of
the Board of the Panama Canal Com-
pany; Roberto Heurtematte, Ambassador
from Panama to the United States; and
Edward Miller, Assistant Secretary of
State.
It was the first time that the oath of
office for Governor has been administered
in the United States. The occasion was
also unprecedented by the attendance of
a Secretary or Assistant Secretary of State
or a Panama Ambassador.
The importance of the mission of the
new Governor was stressed by Secretary
Pace in a brief statement after General
Seybold took the oath. The statement of
the Secretary follows:
"Congratulations, Governor. This new
post that you now assume is one of trans-
cenden t importance not only to the Army
but to the United States of America.
"Building on the splendid accomplish-
ments of those who have preceded you, in
the days and years in which you will
undertake this important service you will
not only have the opportunity to main-
tain, protect and improve this great and
truly majestic enterprise, but you will
also have the responsibility of maintaining
and strengthening the close and cordial
relationship that now exists between our
country and the Republic of Panama. I
know that you will not only undertake the
important assignment of seeing that the
manifold responsibilities incident to the
operation of the Panama Canal are well
managed but that you will, in addition,


A NEW GOVERNOR takes office. Governor Seybold, right, takes oath of office administered by
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., in the latter's office in the Pentagon building in Washington. In
the center is Karl R. Bendetsen. Under Secretary of the Army, who is Chairman of the Board of the
Panama Canal Company.


to you, and through you to all of the
people who are engaged with you in this
vital enterprise."
The following brief reply was made by
Governor Seybold in response to the
Secretary's statement:


"Thank you,
keenly the resp
you have entru
accord with yoi
the relationship
operation of the
ment and maintb
relations with
Panama. The
of the Ambass;


Mr. Secretary.


sensibilities of
sted to me.
ur comments
That exists
SCanal and
enance of cloi
our sister


the position
I am min full
in regard to
between the
the advance-
se and cordial
Republic of


very presence here today
ador of the Republic of


New Canal Traffic Record Is Expected
This Year If June Transils Are Heavy


Panama to the United States and of
Assistant Secretary of State Miller is
further evidence of the fine relationship
existing between our two countries and of
the importance both nations attach to
this relationship.
"I approach the performance of the
duties of this office in all humility but
with a determination to bring to the task
all' the understanding and vigor at my
command. The expression of your confi-
dence and support is most gratefully
received and is a source of reassurance to
me. I shall do everything in my power to
measure up to the confidence you express."


It is
record
of tolls


1 1 p.__ 1 LI- .. 1-- LA :li tL


believed unlikely that a new yearly
will be set this year in the amount
collected. The existing record was
'n\ 4b0\ 4ionol ,,no, 109 nO T4hn i +.n4-o





June 6,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Welcome Planned For Gov. Seybold
On Arrival For Duty In Canal Zone
(Continued from page I) will board a
special Panama Railroad motor car for
return to the Pacific side. Further wel-
coming ceremonies by various officials
will take place upon arrival of the party
at the Balboa Heights railroad station.
The principal event of the Governor's
first day in the Canal Zone will be a
special program which will be held Mon-
day night at the Balboa Stadium. Full
details of this program will be announced
in the daily press of the Isthmus.
The new Governor is a native of
Topeka, Kan. Neither he nor Mrs. Sey-
bold are new to the Isthmus. They lived
at Corozal for three years, from Novem-
ber 1922 until November 1925, when he
served as a Lieutenant with the llth En-
gineers. His assignments during that
period included the Military Survey and
Mapping Program for Panama.
Governor Seybold is recognized as one
of the ablest general officers of the Corps
of the Engineers with wide experience in
administration as well as in both civil and
military engineering. His entire career
since his graduation from the United
States Military Academy in 1920 except
for three months following his graduation
when he served min the Coast Artillery
Corps, has been as an officer of the Corps
of Engineers in which he has served with
distinction in assignments of increasing
responsibility.
Comes Here From Washington
He has been Assistant Chief of Engi-
neers for Personnel and Administration
since May 1951, having been chosen for
that exacting position while serving as
Division Engineer for the South Pacific
Division with headquarters in San Fran-
cisco, Calif.
In addition to his bachelor of science
degree from the United States Military
Academy at West Point, Governor Sey-
bold received a degree in Civil Engineer-
ing from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
in Troy, N. Y. in 1922, and has completed
Engineer School courses at Camp Hum-
phreys, Va. He also served four years as
Assistant Professor of Military Science
and Tactics at the Agricultural and Me-
chanical College of Texas.
His tours of duty with troops have
included assignments at Camp Grant, Ill;
Fort Dupont, Del; and FortHancock, N.J.
Ca ttflAf Ta I 7>--t.jh a na I 'lit ant^j


VISITOR


THE


ISTHMUS


PETER BEASLEY, Special ConsUltant to the Secretary of the Army, this month is making his third
visit to the Canal Zone. Mr. Beasley came to the Isthmus early this year to attend the meeting of the
Board of Directors of the Panama Can4i Company and spent several weeks here at that time. lie returned
in March for a two-week visit as the head of a committee appointed to investigate and select a site for
new housing on the Pacific side. As a result of this study, additional land at Corozal was made available
for use by the Canal Company. Mr. Beasley arrived on his present visit, which is of indefinite duration,
early this week.


after two and one-half years as assistant
engineer there.
Supervised Largest Earth Dam
Following his return from overseas duty
in 1945, he served as District Engineer at
Syracuse, N. Y., and later at Baltimore,
Md. In 1947 he became District Engineer
of the Garrison District, with headquar-
ters at Bismarck, N. D., with redponsibil-
ity for the construction of the world's
largest rolled-earth-fill dam on the Mis-
souri River at Garrison, N. D;
His assignment as Division Engineer of
the South Pacific Division began in May
1950. In this position he was responsible
for the administration of flood control,
river and harbor improvements, and sev-


Employees

Brings Uj

Of Old,


I


Conference

Wide Range

New Subjects


A ... ^J. 2- A ..A j-h JC nM 1., -h h r4 h- n- n r JS.' *S1^ ^


eral large military construction projects
for the Army and Air Force in California,
Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and min Hawaii.
Governor Seybold was awarded the
Legion of Merit for exceptional meritor-
ious services in the Procurement Branch
in the Office of the Chief of Engineers, and
wears the Bronze Star Medal for his out-
standing service ir the European Theater.
His first promotion in the military
ranks after his graduation from West
Point came while serving at Corozal when
he was promoted, June 17, 1925, from
Second to First lieutenant. His last pro-
motion to Brigadier General came last
July with the dae of rank from June 30,
1951.


of employees entering and 1
locks areas was discussed at
was raised by Daiiel P. Kiley,
tive of the Pacifie Side Locks
Other questions brought up
May meeting :nduded:
Unlabelled canned goods in


missaries
i t... 11


leaving the
length. It
representa-
Employees.
during the
Sthe Cornm-


; the quality and price of gaso-





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


June 6,1952


Photos

Of


Show


quarter


Progress

s Program


Quarters for Company Government
employees are springing up on both sides
of the Canal Zone to such an extent that
summer vacationers will find a marked
change in the landscape when they return
in the Fall.
In scope, the quarters construction
program this year rivals that of any year
since the close of the Canal construction
period when housing was being provided
in the new townsites for the operating
force. Mos of the work is being done by
contract although the Maintenance Divi-
sion has charge of the construction of new
houses in the Pyle Street- Morgan Avenue
area in Balboa and the municipal develop-
ment in the new building site at Corozal.
Not all of the construction sites are
pictured on this page. Those not shown
in the five pictures at the right are:


CARDENAS,


here


an entire


new


townsite is being developed north of
Corozal for local-rate employees on the
Pacific side. This work is being done
under contract by Macco-Panpacific, Inc.
BALBOA, where construction of 11
composite houses with 15 apartments is
nearing completion;
COROZAL, where grading and other
municipal work has been started; and
PARAISO, where Tucker McClure is
engaged in building 244 family units.
Taking the pictures at the right, from
top to bottom, in order:
At Rainbow City, 9, new apartments,
all in two-family masonry on the ground
houses, are due for completion September
28. Isthmian Constractors holds the
$645,730 contract for Rainbow City
houses. They will be Identical to those
completed earlier this y ar.
Margarita, 131 Houses
Macco-Panpacific hods the $3,136,247


contract for the new quarters at Marga-
rita (second from the top) in the northern
extension to the present town. A total of
131 houses are to be huilt, all masonry.
They are due for competbn on June 2S,
1953.


Twelve
up in Di
.i n i7 r


new masonry houses are going
tblo Heights (cent-r picture) on
, /v tfIti -1 nT A 1 l--/i\ L~;~ 4l m] r L,


- - --- ..
-
- U *c~~-3~t - -. -a


I





June 6,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


Little Jack Homner
Stood on the corner
Watching the traffic go by
But when it passed
He crossed over at last
And said,"What a good boy am I!"
Starting in the first grade with jingles
like this, all the students in the Canal
Zone schools receive frequent safety les-
sons.
They are taught from the time they
first enter kindergarten that safety is
everybody's responsibility.
Safety is a regular part of the school


curriculum and the subject is taught min
many different ways to fit the age-level
and the current interests of children in
their day-to-day activities.
Some classes write stories and others
write slogans and others draw pictures
and posters. In some schools there are
dramatizations of the work of traffic offi-
cers and illustrations of stop and go lights.
Young students illustrate safety situa-
tions in classroom sandtables and they
learn and sing little safety songs. Many
read safety stories, then draw up their
own sets of safety rules.
There are also motion pictures and
filmstrips and field trips to fire stations
and classroom demonstrations of fire
equipment.
Older students learn in the classroom
to identify dangerous plants, have bicycle


HONOR


ROLL


Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
April
COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU


AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR
Community Services ....------------
Industrial -------------------------
Civil Affairs ---- ----------...
Engineering and Construction----
Health ----------------------------
Marine........ .-_-
Railroad and Terminals ---------
Supply and Service.. ..- -


riding lessons, and study other safety
subjects geared to their own interests.
Every year the police and fire divisions
coordinate the safety lessons they have
for children with the programs and cur-
riculum in the schools. Their assistance
in the safety program results in demon-
strations of the use of fire equipment,
proper bicycle riding, and the annual
classroom emphasis on the observation of
Fire Prevention Week.
Something new in safety lessons in the
past two years are the air-raid drills,
which have been held periodically. In
"hit-the-deck" drills, for attacks without
warning, children learn to seek shelter
under desks, or seats or any protection
nearby. In the more formal drills, the
children are conducted to the best shelter
available in or near the school, designated
for attacks preceded by warnings.
The safety lessons are on many sub-
jects but they fall into these general
classes:
Lessons on safety at home and in school
include instructions about falls, injuries
from sharp objects, the medicine cabinet,
matches, electrical appliances, stoves,
safety on the playground, and asphyxia-
tion.
Street safety lessons teach children
proper actions at crossings, on rainy days,
in automobiles, playing in or near streets,
at traffic signals, bicycle riding, and
roller skating.
Fire safety lessons teach children about
burns, fire-alarm boxes, use of fire extin-
guishers, fire drills, and fire hazards.
Children also learn about water safety
and wild plant and animal life as part of
their safety education.
First-aid lessons are taught first in
grade school, in simple, easy-to-under-
stand form. Then in high school, there is
a required course in first aid as part of
the physical education program.
The school safety work is a continuous
program but has been accentuated during
the past two months. The lessons being
taught came to light min many children's


THIS POSTER, done by sixth grade students
Marie Bleakley and Charles De Tore of Cristobal
Elementary School, is one example of the safety work
done in Canal Zone schools. The poster is displayed
in this picture by Balboa kindergarten students
Alpheus Sloan III of Fort Amador and Margaret
Henson of Albrook Air Force Base.

papers on subjects ranging from safe
Hallowe'en and Christmas celebrations
to warning against climbing on construc-
tion equipment and rules against paper
wads and bean shooters.
But even so, the Schools Division and
the Safety Branch recognize that there
have been too many accidents involving
children. As much as they plan and as
much as they teach to make the Canal
Zone a safe place for children, they be-
lieve the most effective safety lessons are
the ones youngsters learn in their own
homes. And as teachers they know that
the best teachers of all are foresighted
and painstaking parents.





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


June 6,'1952


Lock


Operator


and


Wife


Specialize


In


Wild


Animal


Buying


and


Training


Charles E. Bradley has been catching,
buying, selling, trading, stuffing, training,
and talking wild animals and reptiles for
something like 20 years and has learned to
like "cats" and snakes best.
"Cats," he says, "are like women-
moody, jealous, smart, dangerous, and
interesting-with all due respect to my
beauteous wife."
As for snakes, who helped him meet her,
he likes them probably because he knows
them best and has for a long time back.
Mr. Bradley is a machinist by trade and
a lock operator at Pedro Miguel. Animals
and snakes are a sideline that have been
his big or small-time business all his
grown-up life.
He doesn't catch them himself these
days but buys the animals, birds, and
snakes other hunters bring him. Then he
sells them, as he has for years, to zoos, pet
shops, museums, and showmen in many
parts of the world.
From 1945 to 1947, he was in the animal
collecting business with headquarters in
Barranquilla, Colombia. At the height of
his activity there, he sent out a planeload
of animals, birds, and snakes every
two weeks.
For about a year, in 1947, he demon-
strated to audiences in different parts of
the United States the process of milking
a rattler. His lectures on poisonous
snakes-demonstrated with the rattler for
good showmanship sound effects-were
usually for Scout groups.
Bitten Five Times
His fondness for snakes has not been
dimmed by five rattler and fer-de-lance
bites followed by five grave periods in
the hospital.
He doesn't like to live dangerously, he
says, but he does prefer peril nearby.


a


In 1948 and 1949 he was an animal
trainer for a West Coast dealer who
handled jungle-bred animals for the
movies. There the animals came in wild
but were all well trained before they
appeared before movie cameras.
His wife is newer to the animal business
but is a junior working partner. He thinks
her business sense suffers from liking
animals too much to sell them but she is
good with "cats," and once handled one
panther no one else could manage to train.
When Mr. Bradley first laid eyes on his
future wife in Miami in 1946 he told her
about his snake collection and invited her
out to see them. He believes she took
little stock in the snake story approach-
or that's what he thinks now-but she
did go out and she did see snakes-that
day and from that time on.
Then from "I do" day their choice of
pets made them popular like the plague.
Travelling Boa Constrictor
Junior, their boa, was a much-traveled
snake who lived in every hotel in Florida.
But with hotel managers and other guests
he was a snake very non-grata. So for
check-ins and check-outs, traveling around
and other public appearances, they
snuggled his six feet in a suitcase or bag or
twined him around Mr. Bradley's middle.
Cheeta, a puma, was their favorite pet,
but she pushed one landlady almost to
suicide. After that they saw to it that
Cheeta's charms were hidden so they
could keep a roof over their heads. The
honor system of explaining her first and
then asking for a place to live only made
landlords fearful and didn't help them a
bit with their constant housing headaches.
All went well for quite some time in an
apartment in Chicago. Cheeta was walked
by night, hidden from view in the shad-
ows of nearby alleys. She slept with the
Bradleys as she always had, protesting if
they hogged the covers. She ate her raw
meat and lolled around the house as if
she were home in the Volcan.
Landlady Discovers Pet Puma
Then one day when the Bradleys were
gone, the landlady heard a fan amiss in
their apartment. She walked in the room
and went to the windows and opened the


CHARLES E. BRADLEY, lock operator at
Pedro Miguel Locks, holds one of the many animals
he has owned and handled in his long-time animal
business.

buffaloes from Africa, and tapirs from
Central America. The smallest was the
mouse oppossum, a three-inch animal
native to Panama.
Jaguar And Gorilla Dangerous
The most dangerous animals in Brad-
ley's experience are the jaguar and the
gorilla. The jaguar, which he considers
the worse, is a big cat common in Panama,


which
to be
won't
Eve
ality,
family


attacks
moody
hunt.
ry anim
he says
Spatter


unprovoked and is known
and a killer the natives
al and snake is a person-
, and they don't go by
ns. Some want to be


friendly if the approach is just right but
others would be killed before they are
broken.
Mr. Bradley Started Young
Mr. Bradley started catching snakes
when he was about 14. Later, he covered
a large part of the South collecting rat-
tlers, cotton-mouths, and copperheads
and milking them for their venom.
He first became acquainted with jungle
animals when he came to the Canal Zone
in 1942. He had been a machinist for





June 6,


1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


____ OF CURRENT INTEREST

Official -.-_


Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Priinting Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
JOHN S. SEYBOLD, Governor-President
E. C. LoMBARD, Executive Secretary
J. RUFUs HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MCILHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.


SUBSCRIPTIONS-- $1.00


year


SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
publication date.
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-O10cents each


cents


On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights.
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to the Editor, THE
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights,
C.Z.


To Subscribers

Please notify us promptly of any


change


in your


mailing


address.


Post offices everywhere have pre-
pared postal card forms for notices
of changes of address.


Promoted


CAPT. ROBERT M. PEACHER, above, is the third United States Naval Officer in the Canal's
history to act as Governor of the Canal Zone. He was appointed to that position, effective May 23,
by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr. He was also delegated to perform the duties of President
I of the Panama Canal Company which relate to the Company's activities on the Isthmus.
Acting Governor Peacher last month completed two years of duty with the Canal organization.
He succeeded Capt. P. S. Nichols, now retired, as Marine Superintendent in May 1950 and became
Marine Director two months later in the reorganization which made both the Locks and Dredging
Divisions units of the Marine Bureau.
The Acting Governor will serve until the arrival of Governor John S. Seybold next Monday.
He and Mrs. Peacher plan to sail for the States next Friday and he will be on temporary duty in
New York until the end of this month when he will retire from active service with the Navy.
The two Naval officers who had served as Acting Governor prior to Captain Peacher were Rear
Admiral Clark H. Woodward and Commodore Stewart A. Manahan, both now retired. Both held
the rank of Captain in the Navy at the time they served as Acting Governor.
Admiral Woodward served briefly as Acting Governor in 1929 during the absence of Governor
Harry Burgess and the illness of Maj. Gen. Julian L. Schley, the Engineer of Maintenance. Com-
modore Manahan served a short time as Acting Governor in May 1942 when Governor Glen E.
Edgerton was in the United States and Maj. Gen. Joseph C. Mehaffey, then Engineer of Main-
tenance, was ill in Gorgas Hospital.
Captain Peacher is the first head of the Marine Bureau, or Division, to be appointed to head
the Canal organization. Both Admiral Woodward and Commodore Manahan became Acting Gov-
ernors by an "order of succession" established in 1922 by an order issued by Secretary of War John
W. Weeks. This procedure was abolished in January 1950, by a Presidential order providing for the
Secretary of the Army to appoint an Acting Governor in the absence of both the Governor and
Lieutenant Governor from their duties.


.. ~ I


Most drugs and medical supplies used in
the Canal organization will be purchased
through the Army starting July 1, effecting
a considerable economy in the procurement
of these items.
The supplies will be ordered from the
A~~.1. fl s i T ,i ii


Recent moves among Canal
included the transfer of the mai
of the Housing Division fro
Administration Building at
Heights to the second floor
Balboa Housing Office; and the


offices
n office
m the
Balboa
of the
trans-


BACK COPIES-10





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 6,1952


Medical


Treatment


Used


And

Aid


Common


Patients


At


Sense


Corozal


The long-time Canal institution now
called Corozal Hospital is a lot more than
a hospital and its atmosphere is not very
institutional.
The medical, administrative, and insti-
tutional practice of Col. George E. Hesner,
Superintendent, and his staff, leaves a lot
of leeway for common-sense consideration
for patients as personalities.
He believes his doctors, nurses, attend-
ants, and helpers do more work and do it
better than any comparable group he
knows of, but the efficiency seems painless
to the staff, the patients, and the outsider
looking on.


Corozal Hospital houses a
that falls into two main groups
and the so-called chroniccs"
Colonel Hesner explains, arn
people who helped make
possible.
The insane are at Corozal b
court sends them there, accord
Superintendent.


motley lot
, the insane
Chronics,
e homeless
the Canal


becausee the
cling to the


Thorough Examinations
Persons believed to be psychotic are


sent
they
card
Lions
thing
elect
Th
they
pend
comr


first to a general h
are X-rayed and
graphic, chest, and
which determine,
s, whether or not the
ric shock treatments.
en they are sent to
are under observati
ing the issuance of
hitting them to this


the end of that period, C
ties ask the court for
order or, if they believe ti
may be only temporary,
the observation period.
Colonel Hesner consid
err on the side of prolong


0o


pital.


There


given electro-
spine examina-
among other
ey can be given
Corozal where
on for 30 days
a court order
institution. At
]orozal authori-
a commitment
he derangement
an extension of
ers it better to
ng the observa-


tion period rather than commit to Corozal
anyone with only a temporary mental
upset and later, go through the involved
legal process of a release.
Corozal Hospital was originally "Coro-
zal Farm," or, as it was more generally
referred to in the correspondence leading


to its founding, "Corozal Cripple Farm."
Refuge For Indigents
It was planned as a refuge where m-
digents, crippled in Canal service, could
live and, if they wanted to, work.
Today's "chronies" are the counterpart
of the cripples for whom the farm was
founded. They are former Canal em-
ployees and dependents, taken from the
outside where they are helpless and given
at Corozal a place to live, good food,
medical attention, and a more-than-insti-
tutional amount of human kindness.
They come from former ranks of both
U. S.- and local-rate Canal forces and they
suffer all manner of diseases and infirmi-
ties, blindness, deafness, lameness, heart
conditions, arterial sclerosis, and just age.
Panamanian insane were cared for at
Corozal from 1915 to 1933 and 1934
when they were transferred to Retiro
Matias Hernandez in Panama City.
The large number of Spanish-speaking
patients now at Corozal prompted the
remark by a former Chief Health Officer
after he made the rounds with Colonel
Hesner, "George, these people would have
to be crazy to understand your Spanish."
Colonel Hesner Is Popular
But fractured as the language may be,
the Spanish-speaking patients seem to like
it just as well as those who speak English
when Colonel Hesner takes them by the
arm or shoulder, kids them about their
foibles or just greets them-from 8 to 80-
with the usual "Hi there, young man" or
"young lady."
The present Corozal census-which re-
mains fairly constant-includes 240 in-
sane and 100 chronic.
To take care of these patients, there
are in addition to the Superintendent, Dr.
George B. Hudock, clinical director, Col.
Leon Malock, and Maj. T. B. Hauschild,
all psychiatrists.
Mrs. Marie McNeff, Chief Nurse, heads
the staff of 15 nurses.
There are also Robert Cole, Chief


- -. a


Clerk
Clerk


Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, Personnel
Mrs. Ruth Lord, Stenographer;


and 127 local-rate and 24 U. S.-rate
attendants, cooks, and helpers.
For the insane, Corozal Hospital has
an enviable record among such institu-
tions for the number of recoveries.
"Shock" Treatment Given
About 8,000 electric shock treatments
have been given to about 400 Corozal
patients since this method was first used
there in September 1947. About 80 per-
cent of those treated "went back over the
fence" recovered, Dr. Hudock says.
He prefaced an explanation of treat-
ments for the insane with the words of
G. K. Chesterton which he says are as
true today as when they were spoken:
"In the treatment of minsanity the treat-
ment must be drastic and the cure a
miracle."
No one knows how the convulsions in-


duced by
erase abe
but they
types of
Metras
venously
time to


electric shocks or other i
rrations from the human n
do-in some cases and in
insanity, Dr. Hudock says.
zol, which is injected
over a considerable period
rinmg about the curative co


'Sf


ieans
aind,
some


ntra-
d of
nvul-


sion, was used at Corozal from 1935 to
the time the electric shock treatments
were started there.
Insulin has been and is used at Corozal
on rare occasions but with considerable
reluctance as far as the staff is concerned.
This treatment is prolonged and delicate
compared to electric shock, and is given
only if a patient's family insists and fur-
nishes special nurses for the careful and
constant observation necessary.
One Lobotomy Performed
Also by special arrangement made by
one patient's family, a lobotomy recently
was performed on one woman at Corozal
who was taken to Dr. Antonio Gonzalez-
Revilla, a Panamanian brain surgeon, for
the delicate operation which could not be
done at Corozal. She came back a com-
pletely changed and vastly improved
personality.
Electric shock treatments for the in-
sane, in most general use at Corozal and
r1 I ^,n.,n .1-, n,.n ,-nnn 4 f t.n, AW;^ ^t^ *... ..


Are





June 6, 1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


small and innocuous min appearance and
the shock is so quick and certain that
patients suffer little apprehension and
scarcely know what happened to them.
Low Voltage Current Used
The current is something like 130 volts
for .2 second for a small woman and 120
volts for the same period for a large man.
Many special precautions worked out
for electric shock treatments at Corozal
might make the staff seem over-cautious,
Colonel Hesner says. However, there
have been few accidents-dislocated
joints, fractured vertabrae-and no
fatalities.
When the treatment first came into
general use in the United States in the
early 1940's, the fatalities were as high as
16 to 18 percent, Dr. Hudock says.
The use of Metrazol, on the other hand,
was a much more complicated and pro-
longed process and the patient's reaction
was far from pleasant. A patient came in
under his own power for the first Metra-
zol shock, Dr. Hudock says. For the
second treatment, it took two attendants
to bring him and after about the fourth
shock, several attendants had to carry
him bodily to cope with his violence.
Corozal's main obligation to the chron-
ics, in the opinion of Colonel Hesner, is to
make them as comfortable and happy as
possible. That means there are few rules
regarding their activities. They sleep
when and if and as long as they want to
and work and do other things very much
the same way.
Their food, like that of all the patients,
comes from the hospital kitchen presided
over by the long-time steward David H.
Hines, who will retire in November. And
Colonel Hesner, once exposed to a Cooks
and Bakers School in his long Army
career, is not averse to raising an author-
itative eyebrow and question to let the
cooks know he thinks he knows what
made a pie taste like paste or bread slices
that were too thick or too thin to make
the supply come out right.
Many Special Diets
Besides the regular meals, which would
be the envy and despair of budget-minded
housewives, there are many special diets
for patients with different infirmities and


SET IN A SCENE of tropical beauty is this ward building of Corozal Hospital.


diseases.
If the world considers Corozal patients
unfortunates, there is no indication that
the staff regards them as anything but
people.
Ward rounds turn up all kinds of con-
versation, questions, and quips.
One patient's bid for attention in the
form of vague, indefinable pains got this
answer: "Aren't you lucky to have those
pains. God gives you pains to make you
think about yourself-a good guy-nm-
stead of a bunch of no-good people."
And another who wanted seeds and a
plot of ground to grow peanuts and white
roses was told, "Peanuts and roses! Who-
ever heard of a combination like that!
You can't eat roses-but we'll see."
Patients Have Gardens
A few small plots of ground assigned to
patients for their own gardening-mainly
as an occupational-therapy measure-is
all that remains of the farming which
once made Corozal about 80 percent self
supporting.
The farm, under the direction of a farm
manager, was started in February 1913
with 750 acres and 35 able-bodied laborers
to break the land and get the farm going
so that patients could carry on the work.
Congressional authorization for this insti-
tution for disabled indigents came in the


Sundry Civil Act of June 23, 1913.
Canal Zone insane patients were first
cared for in the old French quarters at
Miraflores. In 1907 they were moved to
the insane ward 7, Ancon Hospital, on the
location of the present San Juan Place.
In March 1915, the insane asylum was
transferred to Corozal Farm when the
farm and asylum were consolidated under
the name "Corozal Hospital."
Early farming operations were plagued
with problems-and consequent revisions
of regulations-as to whether or not
patients had to work if they could; rates
of pay for different classes of workers;
provisions for housing, with as little fight-
ing and friction as possible, patients and
dependents of different nationalities and
sometimes cantankerous character; thiev-
ing; plant and animal diseases; and, in
later years, economic headaches arising
from competition from other agricultural
interests employing able-bodied laborers,
particularly Chinese gardeners.
Even so the farm thrived and in the
peak years of the early 1920's included a
120-head dairy, about 400 hogs min a
"piggery," poultry yard, nursery, vege-
table and flower gardens, a coconut grove,
and many papaya, mango, citrus fruit,
and alligator pear trees. Guinea pigs,
rabbits, and pigeons also were raised on
the farm at different periods.
Other Occupational Therapy
Many of the farming activities, in-
cluding the dairy and hog farms, were
abandoned for lack of sufficient workmen
when Panamanian patients were trans-





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


June 6,1952


School

Zone


Closing (

Vacation


Ipens


Head


Season


Vacation activities moved to the fore-
front in the Canal Zone with the arrival
of June.
By the time the last school bells rang
this week, a record number of 550 stud-
ents had been graduated from the Cristo-
bal and Balboa High Schools, the La
Boca and Rainbow City Vocational High
Schools, and the Canal Zone and La Boca
Junior Colleges.
In addition to the graduates, some
4,500 other students put aside thoughts
of books and examination papers as the
Canal Zone schools closed one of the most
successful years in their history.
Many of the graduates and students
will find employment during the summer
vacation period as student assistants in
various Panama Canal Company and
Canal Zone Government units.
As a result of their training, some of
the graduates employed during the sum-
mer will be retained in permanent posi-
tions similar to those they held during
their assistant training period.
The closing of schools also meant the
usual exodus of many Canal employees
and their families for the United States.
Although there are fewer Canal vacation-
ers bound for the States this summer than
in recent years, northbound sailings of the
Panama Line for the past few weeks have
been taken with near-capacity passenger
lists.
The rush of Canal employees toward
the States started early in May. This
year, it is expected that all Canal employ-
ees who have requested transportation on
the Panama Line will be accommodated
by the northbound sailing on June 20,
thus disposing of the backlog of transpor-
tation requests.
The thousands of Canal employees and
their families who will spend the summer
here will find vacation fun in the Summer
Recreation Program which has been
planned in most Canal Zone communities.
The six-week program of arts and


crafts classes, as well as sports and
recreational activities, will start J
in the local-rate communities
schools close earlier, and July 7 i
U. S.-rate communities.


other
une 9
where
n the


Janitor


Of


Zone


Watches
Students


Pranks


Since


structed. For 12 years before that, he
held the same job at Balboa Elementary
School. From 1915 to 1917, he was also
a school janitor at Cristobal School, which
was then in the annex of the Hotel
Washington.
In his present job, he cleans 18 rooms
daily with the help of one assistant. He
picks up pens and pencils and sometimes
pocketbooks and delivers them to the
High School office.
He listens a little to classroom work if
it's convenient and arouses his interest.
He does many little chores for the
teaching staff and whatever he does, he
does well. He says the teachers and
principal are always nice and he takes
well to the kidding they give him.
He finds some notes but he doesn't read
them, and he could sometimes report stu-
dents, but he just never does. The only
trouble he ever finds are dogs who follow


students to school.
They're no real problem but Atherley
believes they just don't belong in the
classroom. And no matter how much


their mas


AUBREY ATHERLEY, head janitor at Balboa
Junior High School, scoots out one of many students'
dogs who want to go to school.

Several generations of students at Bal-
boa Junior High School have learned that
Aubrey Atherley is on their side but he
has no time for backtalk.
As a long time janitor in Canal Zone
schools, he has had a lot of experience
with students.


He says he speaks t
doing wrong but he's
mischief. He plays no


o them when they're
too busy to look for
favorites and tattles


no tales and they always get along
all right.
Atherley has been head janitor at the
Junior High School since September 1933,
when the present building was con-


te]


rs beg, he's a


Iamant


chases them away.
Has Job As Secretary
Outside the high school, Atherley has
a heavy job as secretary of the Barbadian
Progressive Society of Panama, a mutual
benefit insurance organization for persons
of Barbadian ancestry.
His other main interests are his son,
who lives with him in La Boca, and a
niece that he reared, who has been in Lcs
Angeles for seven years with the family
for whom she worked in the Canal Zone.
Atherley came from Barbados in 1910
and went to work first in Culebra, as a
member of a utility gang.
After his first two years as a school
janitor at Cristobal, he spent three years
cleaning bachelors' quarters at Cristobal
and Balboa, and in September 1921, he
started to work at Balboa School where
he has been working ever since.


Ins.rrntonrs. fnr thp nrnrrnm all vnluin-


1915


Clubhouse Opens Self-Service Section





June 6,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Art


Blossoms


As


Avocation


Here


THESE ART LEAGUE members are shown deep in preparation for their Annual Beaux Arts Ball, which is not only fun but helps
to finance the organization's art scholarship.


One of the biggest and most enthusiastic
Canal Zone groups bound together by a
common interest in after-work-hours is
the large and growing number of people
who comprise the local art colony.
At the hub of the activities of many of
these artists is the Canal Zone Art League
whose artistic interests have spread to a
large part of the Canal Zone community.
Among Art League members are many
prolific artists known tothe public through
the League's exhibitions. Last year they
outgrew one annual show of their work,
which has been held since the organiza-
tion was founded, and established a per-
manent gallery at the Jewish Welfare
Board in Balboa.
At the Balboa gallery, exhibits of work
by individual members are changed every


make this aid possible, the organization
has had three annual Beaux Arts Balls.
One paralyzed teacher was provided a
scholarship for correspondence work in
art as a result of the League's efforts in
his behalf.
The membership of the present Art
League includes engineers, teachers, elec-


tricians,
cations.
husband
15 years
in the cli
Beside
or oils, t


and persons in various other vo-
Among the members are several
and wife teams. Persons from
of age or more may participate
ub's activities.
s those who paint, in watercolors
here are ceramists, woodcarvers,


and print makers. In all fields of art, the
League attempts to keep abreast of the
major and current art movements.
The organization is guided by the


Many of the group for whom it was
formed were recent graduates of art
schools or had had brief careers in art
before they entered the armed services.
The local tropical scenery and atmosphere
provided new and tempting subject mat-
ter for many of these young artists and
wartime conditions created the need for
an outlet for their creative interests.
The first art clubs and classes for serv-
ice personnel were organized and directed
by E. C. Stevens at the Balboa YMCA.
But the constant shifting of the armed
forces artists created a need for a civilian
group to stabilize any such art groups,
and the Art League was formed to create
such a nucleus and to fill the need of that
time.
Pu nflr l.i-rm,.nn Vnf..e4 fl..noi An d





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


June 6,


1952


Industrial


Bureau


Repairs


New Civil Intelligence Branch


Chief


Craft Which Haul Ex-Kings
And King Tuna During May
Fishing boats are fishing boats to the
Panama Canal Company's Industrial Bu-
reau, whether the fishing craft be those
which carry ex-kings or those which carry
king tuno.
Both types were under repair last
month in the Industrial Bureau's yards at
Mount Hope.
The ex-king's fishing boat, Young Joe,
is not quite that, technically. Along the
Canal waterfront, the 315-ton former
minesweeper became known as the king's
yacht almost from the minute she touched
port in April with former King Leopold
of Belgium aboard. But members of the
Young Joe's crew insist that the vessel is
on a scientific expedition and that the
presence aboard of the former king was
coincidental.
The Young Joe belongs to the Inter-
national Society of Marine Biological Re-
search, to translate its French name some-
what literally, and has aboard a group of
scientists who are primarily interested in
plankton, small fish, and fish parasites.
They are also somewhat interested in


as witnessed


two hour-glass


shaped cages of the flying mammals,
some of them vampires, which hung on
the Young Joe's rear deck.
The one-time minesweeper is equipped
with electrical fishing gear which stuns
marine life so that it can be brought
aboard without the damage caused by
either hook or net.
Presence of the Young Joe in the Mount
Hope shipyard was for a general overhaul
on its two engines. The Young Joe had
transited the Canal May 6 after a fishing
trip to the Pearl Islands. The former
king and his wife and several of the
scientists did not remain aboard but went
on to Venezuela.
In the meantime the overhaul was de-
layed pending the arrival of several parts
which had to be ordered from the States.
Many could have been manufactured here
but special tooling would have been re-
quired and the cost for such work here
or anywhere else- runs high.
While the overhaul of the Young Joe's
engines was going on, a fishing boat of
another vintage was dry-docked on the
marine railway not far away. This was


ROBERT C. WALKER, left, assumed his duties early last month as Chief of the Civil Intelligence
Branch. He succeeded Earl J. Williamson, right, who is leaving this month to accept another position
with the Federal Government in Washington, D. C. Mr. Walker served six years as Deputy Director
of the Intelligence and Security Division for the Field Command of the Armed Forces Special Weapons
Project, with headquarters in Albuquerque, N. Mex., before joining the Canal organization. Mr. William-
son has several years of Canal service and since last March he has been Chief of the Civil Intelligence
Branch.


. .. . . . . . ,






June 6,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Student Leaders


for almost
tastebuds.


United


every


budget and


every


set of


Four new nationally advertised


States


brands


have been added,


each with its own heavy or light or other-
wise distinctive cure that marks the special


secret


process of its manufacturer.


The current first quality


son S


Brand-
Name
Bacon


These


Ibacons


are


's Star,


Cudahy's Puritan, all in one-half


pound packages.
the fourth addition


No. 2 bacon.


Swift's Oriole,
, is a popular


are min addition to the bacon sold


under the Commissary label, also currently


sliced from a well-known national


adver-


A w
Crystal
maker


eather-proof
* i


is new


in the


salt named
stores these


that in laborato


proved four times more
ness than ordinary salt.


resistant


Diamond
days. The


Tests it
to damp-


Bigger frozen fowl are in the commissar-
ies now. They weigh four pounds and more,
to lit big families and big appetites.
. .


F rozen turkey


are now being sold


in the


commissary prepackaged meat sections.
The pliofilm-wrapped birds, weighed and
priced and ready to take home, cost 82


cents


a pound if they are eviscerated, and


68 if they


are not.


CARL PINTO, elected at the end of the past
school year, will serve as the new president of the
Student Association at Cristobal High School. He


has attended school at Cristobal


grade and
of Colon.


since the fourth


the son of Mr. and Mrs. Fabian Pinto


tised brand; and bacon squares, the real
penny-saver of the lot at 30 cents a pound.
For a paint job that makes ladies' lips
look good and stay that way all day, there's
a liquid lacquer named Lip-Stae to wear on
top of lipstick to keep it on.
A new lot of lamb, at a more comfortable
price, was bought by the Commissary Div-
ision in Ireland. If a steady supply can be
assured, there'll be more of this lamb to


please Scotch budgeteers and
of Erin.


all true


sons


For June wedding belles, the Bakery See-
tion points out they make wedding cakes


And
June
Brides

ask for.


for just such


your


store


occasions.


You tell


manager just what you


want and furnish the ornaments


for decoration.


Then the Bakery


Section works hard to fix what you
. for 75 cents a pound.


Special bakery orders are also taken for
individual ice cream squares and sheet cakes
iced in pastel shades, and cut to fit the


number of guests at


a party.


Would-be gift givers who are scratching
their heads over gifts for the head of the


home, might consider this


Father'


suggestion list from men in the Commissary
Division.
Zippo cigarette lighters engraved with the
Panama Canal Company and the


A new and good gadget


is a porcupine


soap tray to keep your soap
New high and dry. It has rubber
Household bristles that stand up in the air


Gadget


mar serve ats
massage brush.


as a rubber


Canal Zone Government seals that


Forget cost $4.25,
Father $1.95 ..


and regular Zippos for
Penfold golf balls made


Pillsbury and Gold Medal flour can


be bought in 2-pound packages
in the 5-pound bags sold before.


as well


in England cost 58 cents each and
could be bought by the box for a fancy


golf-fiend gift .
$2.75 . Benn


$27.95 are


. Kaywoodie pipes cost
us Sea Baron watches at


waterproof and shockproof, and


There's a large lot of scissors in the


right now, in
tential home


wcluding pinking
seamstresses.


stores


shears for po-


A. SMITH has been elected President


of the Balboa High School Student Association for
the 1952-1953 school year. He was vice president of
his junior class and has attended the Canal Zone
schools since he entered the first grade in 1943. He
is the son of Mr. and Mrs. John W. Smith of Rous-
seau.


TIME


the Barracuda by the same maker is a 17-
jewel shockproof, waterproof, and self-wind-
ing watch that costs $36.75 . there are
fishing reels from $3.85 for the snook fisher-
men and on up to $56 for deep-sea fishing
fathers . casting rods range from $6.55
to $20.75 . to go with the rods and reels
there are nylon, linen, and cuttyhunk lines
. . sheathed hunting knives by W. R. Case
for $3.30 . toilet sets, Old Spice, Yard-
ley's, and John Hudson Moore for $1.20 to


$4 . ties-many Wembleys and


Arrows,


among others .
And good for all men who like to be


comfortable


is a new Arrow Bi-way shirt


with a disappearing neckband that makes
it comfortable and good looking either as
a sport or dress shirt. It comes in colors


or fancy stripes and
$3.95.


costs


either $3.60 or


This is the time of year when the sugar
in the commissaries comes from cane fields


in the Republic of Panama.


From about


March through August, after the crop in
Panama is made into sugar, the largest pur-


chases


by the Commnissary


/ Division are


made. The native sugar is bought on the
basis of United States Federal Specifications


and the money
159.39 last fiscal


value amounted to


year.


For dietetics and dieters
to gain pounds, there's a ni


who don't like
ew non-fat milk


powder called Sanalac.

And for salad fanciers who like to dress


up their dressings, there


are these


vinegars


you might not know about: Heinz white,
malt, tarragon, and red wine.


There's a bacon in the Commissaries now


Certified, Armour


Don't


#1


CHARLES


OUR OUT-OF-DOORS


PLANTING






THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


June 6,1952


MONTH'S


JUNE


6th-American Legion Post No.
boa, 7:30 p. m.
7th-Track Foremen, Balboa B &
8th-Pipefitters, Margarita Cl
9:30 a. rn.


Sheetmetal Workers, N
Clubhouse, 9:30 a. m.
Plumbers, No. 606, Balb
9:30 a. m.
9th-Machinists, No. 699
of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion, Post
7:30 p. m.
10th-Electrical Workers,
Memorial, 7:30 p. m.
VFW Post No. 100. O


Building, Cristobal,
American Legion P<
7:30 p. m.
American Legion
Clayton, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion
Balboa, 7:30 p. m.


6, Ganm-
B Shops.
ubhouse,


o. 157, Balboa
oa Lodge Hall,


Margarita K.
No. 1, Balboa,


No. 397


kd Boy Scout


7:30 p. m.
ost No. 2, Cri
Post No. 7,
Auxiliary N


stohal,
Fort


llth-Carpenters, No. 913, Balboa Lodge
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Pacific Civic Council, Board Room,
Admin istration Building, 7:30 p. m.
13th-Blacksmiths, No. 400, with Boiler-
makers No. 463 and 471, Margarita
K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
S15th-CLU-MTC, Balboa Lodge Hall,
8:30 a. m.
16th-Truckdrivers, Balboa Lodge Hall,
7:30 p. m.


Electrical Workers, No.
Masonic Temple, 7:30 p. n
17th-Machinists, No. 811, B
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Operating Engineers, No.
rita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m.
18th-AFGE No. 14, Balboa
7:30 p. m.


American Legion
G(atun, 7:30 p. m.


Gatun


1.
alboa Lodge
595, Marga-
Clubhouse,


Auxiliary


19th-- American Legion Auxiliary
Gamboa, 7:30 p, m.


No. 6


CALENDAR


23d-Machinists,
of C. Hall, 7:34
VFW Auxiliary,
7:30 p. m.
24th-Operating
Balboa Lodge
VFW Post No.
Building, Crist
25th-AFGE No.
house, 7:30 p.


No. 699, Margarita


p. nm.
Post ,


Post Home,


Engineers, Nc
Hall, 7 p. m.
100, Old Boy
obal, 7:30 p. m.
88, Margarita


American Legion Auxiliary No. 2,
Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
26th-Governor-Employee Conference,
Board Room, Administration Building,
2 p. m.
JULY
1st-Gamboa Civic Council, Community
Center, 7:30 p. m.
Gatun Civic Council, Gatun Clubhouse,
7:30 p. m,.
2d-VFW Post No. 40, Wirz Memorial,


7:30 p. m.
3d-Carpenters, No. 667,
house, 7:30 p. m.
4th-Independence Day


June


Margarita


Club-


Sailings


From Cristobal


Ancon
Panama
Cristobal
Ancon


__June 6
..June 13
June 20
SJune 27


From New


Panama
Cristobal
Ancon
Panama


York


-. June 11
June 18
_June 25


ANNIVERSARIES

Employees who observed important anni-
versaries during the month of May are listed
alphabetically below. The number of years
includes, all Government service with the
Canal or other agencies. Those with con-
tinuous service with the Canal are indicated
with (*).
40 Years


Maj. George Herman,
Division.
Berney J. Robinson, Si


Chief,


team


Bunkering Section, Terminals Di


Police


Engineer,
vision.


35 Years


Francis J
Gatun Locks.


. Moumblow,


Lockmaster,


25 Years


Landen H. Gunn, Operator,
Suction Dredge, Dredging D)ivision.


Pipeline


George F. Herman, Construction and
Maintenance Foreman, Dredging Division.
*Greta E. Mann, Nurse, Gorgas Hos-
pital.
20 Years


James O. Deslondes, General
keeper, Storehouses Division.
Donald P. Hutchinson, Junior
House Operator, Pacific Locks.


Store-
Control


15 Years


Frank A
Maintenance


. Anderson,
Division.


, Plumber,


Robert M. Blakely, Machinist Leading-
man, Industrial Bureau.
Russell W. Elwell, Ironworker-Welder,
Industrial Bureau.
Peter S. Legge, Steam Engineer, Dredg-
ing D)ivision.
Mary F. Maguire, Secretary, Office of
the Executive Secretary.
John A. McNatt, General Investigator.
Frank W. Van Horne, Lock Operator,
Pacific Locks.
Robert Van Wagner, Administrative
Assistant, Maintenance Division.
F. C. Willoughby, Operator-Foreman
Mechanic. Electrical DIivision,


Employees who retired at
av, their birthplace, titles,


service


at retirement,


addresses are:
Kathleen
Ancon Eleme
months, and


and t


the end
length
heir fult


T. Baxter, Maine; Tea
entary School; 30 yea
23 days; Waterville, Me.


Sue P. Core, Indiana;
' ,1 e 1 I - .... .


April 15 Through May 15


The following


list contains the names of


those U. S.-rate employees who were trans-
ferred from one division to another (unless
the change is administrative) or from one


type of work to another.
tain within-grade promo


ich(
rs,


Teacher, A;\ncon
S. A- .. .. 1 ..


It does not con-
ations and regrad-


ings.


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Frank Koenig, from Guard, Locks I)iv-
ision, to I 'ostal Clerk, I postal Customs, and


Charles P. Morgan, from Superintend-
ent, Refuse Collection and I)isposal, Ground
Maintenance D)ivision, to General Construc-


tion Inspector,
l visiono.


Contract


and Inspection


INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
William H. Gonzalez, from Electric
Welder to Combination Welder, Industrial


ureau.


THIS


RETIREMENTS


IN MAY


M


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


,





June 6,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Supplies


This


Fiscal


Year


$1,380,000


From


Panama


Bought

Sources


General


Rice


Leaves


Panama Canal purchases of supplies min
the Republic of Panama totaled $1,380,-
000 for the first nine months of this fiscal


year, a
parable
These
by other
tractors
Local


gain of $205,000 over
period in the fiscal year
figures are exclusive of
r Government agencies
in the local markets.
Purchases bv the Canal


A


the cornm-
1951.
purchases
and con-

organiza-


tion during the third quarter of this fiscal
year, January through March, were re-
ported at $475,000 as compared with
$521,000 during the third quarter of last
fiscal year. The $46,000 decrease was
attributed to the heavy purchases of
sugar and building material from Jan-
uary through March of last year.
The purchase of all commodities, other
than sugar and building materials, showed
a substantial gain this year over the 1951
figures. The sugar supply for the Com-
missary Division is bought on a contract
basis and no local suppliers entered bids
during the early part of this fiscal year,
although the stock for the present quarter
is being supplied locally.
No Heavy Stockpiling Now
The drop of nearly $80,000 in the pur-
chase of building materials was influenced
by two factors. The Storehouse Division
was stockpiling these materials early last
year for the building program. No heavy
stockpiling is being done at present since
two of the largest building contractors
this year elected to make their own pur-
chases under an elective clause in the
construction contracts. While no figures
on these purchases by contractors in the
local markets are available to the Canal,
it is believed probable that building ma-
terials are being bought in much heavier
quantities this year than last because of
the greatly expanded building program.
There was an increase of more than
$50,000 in the purchase of materials in


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
(Continued from page 14)


Kenneth G. Taylor, from Policeman,
Police Division, to Guard. Locks Division.


Panama in the third quarter of this fiscal
year over that of last year in the various
categories other than sugar and building
materials.
The following figures, in round num-
bers, show the amount of purchases for
the two third quarters:


January
'95/
Meat products ..... $186,000
Fruit and vegetables ..... 29,000
Other agricultural products. 10,000
Other food products ... 4,000
Beverages ...--..-- ...... 26,0,00
Sugar and alcohol.... 55,0(0)
Forest products......... 13,000
Industrial products ... 115,000(
Miscellaneous supplies 83,000
Totals---- $521,000


- March
$18,00()0
37,000
12,0(00
9,(000
35,000
2,000
30,000
63,000
99,000
$475,000


The following table shows total pur-
chases for the first 9 months of the fiscal
years 1951 and 1952:


July 195o
Mar. /95/
Meat products --... -- $366,000
Fruits and vegetables .... 75,000
Other agricultural products 32,000
Other food products----- 13,000
Beverages-- ..- --- --75,000
Sugar and alcohol ....-- 85,000
Forest products ------- 17,000
Industrial products ....... 260,000
Miscellaneous supplies ---- 250,000
Total--- --.- ----$1,175,000


nly 195/-
Mar. 1952
$532,000
99,000
38,000
22,000
.104,000
6,000
122,000
185,000
269,000
$1,380,000


It is believed that the total purchases
for this fiscal year will exceed by nearly
a half million dollars those in the fiscal
year 1951. Buying in the Panama market
during the last quarter of the fiscal year
1951 was comparatively light, whereas
the local purchases during April and May
of this year are reported at about the
same level as has prevailed throughout
this year. In addition, the purchase of
local sugar will be added to this year's
figures in the last quarter.
Beef Purchases Heavy
The purchase of Panama beef cattle
during January, February, and March of
this year represented, by far, the greatest


our


MAJ. (OEN. GEORGE W. RICE, Health Director,
will complete his assignment in the Canal Zone this
month, lie plans to sail for the States late this month
and expects to be temporarily assigned to duty at
Brooke Medical Center in San Antonio, Tex., where
he and Mrs. Rice plan to make their future home.
General Rice took office as Chief Health Officer of
The Panama Canal in May 1949, the title being
changed to Health Director when the reorganization
of the Canal took place in July 1950.


money value of any single product bought
locally. Beef purchases during these three
months totaled nearly $160,000. Other
meat products bought in substantial
quantities were seafood and fowl. Over
$18,000 was spent for fish, lobster, and
shrimp.
An $8,000 gain was shown in the pur-
chase of local fresh fruits and vegetables
during the third quarter over the com-
parable period of last fiscal year. This
increase was attributed largely to the co-
operative efforts which have been made
during the past two years by Panama and
Canal authorities as well as local produc-
ers to increase this trade.
The most notable increases in the com-
parative figures for the two third-quarters
were in the purchase of forest products
and beverages. The purchase, of forest
products increased by $17,000 while ap-
proximately $9,000 more was spent this
year for beverages of various classifica-
tions.


Health


Valued




CI- ->


THE PANAMA'CANAL REVIEW


June 6,1952


ew


Apprentice


Course


Begins


In


July


Ce-.



Ut -

&
MII) g-
0-45-
00d -^
C -^"!"
O' -


POTENTIAL APPRENTICES in the Canal's apprentice training program are shown here taking the apprenticeship examination administered by C. A. Dubbs,
Training Officer. Successful candidates will start in July four-year training courses in nine crafts in the Canal organization.


Sixteen apprentices in the Canal organ-
ization will start in July four-year train-
ing programs leading to qualification as
journeymen in 10 crafts.
The apprenticeship examination, the
results of which form the register from


which the 16 apprentices v
was given to 41 applicants
The test, which is give
May, was administered by
Training Officer, and B.
Assistant Training Officer.


ill be chosen,
on May 10.
a annually in
C. A. Dubbs,
G. Mauzy,


The apprenticeships to be established
this year will be in the following crafts


and Canal units:
Industrial Bureau: Three
two combination welders, an
builder.
Electrical Division: Four w
cablesplicers and one aut


phone switchman.
Commissary Division:
tion-service mechanic.
Printing Plant: One
offset pressman.
Results of the apprenti
tion serve as an aid to


On


machinists,
d one boat-


iremen, two
omatic-tele-
.e refrigera-


printer and


ceship examina-
the employing


The four-year training program in-
cludes practical shop experience and class-
room work, under the general direction
of Philip Green, Industrial Training Co-
ordinator.
The classes, taught by Mr. Green, are
very much the same for all apprentices
during the first year of training, with less
time but more individualized instruction


Cristobal


Praised


Police

Joint Patrol


Resolutions of commendation for their
part in maintaining the joint police patrol
which has operated successfully in the
New Cristobal area for the past year were
made last month by the Cristobal-Mar-
garita Civic Council to Maj. Pastor Ra-
mos of the Colon Police and Capt. John
Fahnestock of the Cristobal Police.
Colon and Canal Zone police share the
motor patrol which operates in this area
on a 24-hour a day basis.


as they become more specialized.
The amount of classroom work varies
for the different trades but amounts to
something like 500 to 850 hours in the
four years of training. The times and
periods for classwork also vary consider-
ably for different trades and at different
periods of the training but are frequently
given one day weekly.


Major Ramos' commendation was de-
livered to him by Edward D. White, Jr.,
President of the Cristobal Margarita
Council, in the presence of Col. Richard-
son Selee, Civil Affairs Director, and Maj.
George Herman, Chief of the Canal Zone
Police. The commendation for Captain
Fahnestock was sent to the Governor who
forwarded it to Captain Fahnestock with
an accompanying congratulatory note.


In November 1904, the Isthmian Canal
Commission's employees on the Isthmus
numbered 3,500. In November 1905,
they totaled approximately 17,000.


officer in the
1


units in which apprentices
- I 1


--


-/3 C


Colon,




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PAGE 1

„ G 'fif"" Panama Cana, Ml useum Vol.2, No. 11 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JUNE 6. 1952 5 cents WELCOME PLANNED FOR GOV. JOHN S. SEYBOLD ON ARRIV AL IN C ANAL ZONE FOR NEW DUTIES Executive And Wife Resided At Corozal In Early Army Life Plans have been completed for the welcome of Governor and Mrs. John S. Seybold on their arrival in the Canal Zone Monday morning aboard the Panama liner Panama,. Governor Seybold is the eleventh to hold office as Governor of the Canal Zone since the Panama Canal was opened to world traffic in August 1915. He took the oath of office in Washington May 27 and his arrival on the Isthmus will be as Governor and, concurrently, as President and Director of the Panama Canal Company. The oath of office was administered by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., in the office of the Secretary. A brief description of the ceremony and statements made by Secretary Pac and Governor Seybold appear on page 2 of this issue of The Canal Review. The new Governor and Mrs. Seybold will be welcomed at the pier in Cristobal on their arrival by a group of officials headed by Acting Governor and Mrs. Robert M. Peacher. After brief shipside DmrvT raw.-Dr f ^ j u o l u • l v. tl n j lceremonies the entire party {Ses i>agc s) A RECENT PIC Tl RE of Governor and Mrs. Seybold is shown above. The new Governor and his r wife will arrive Monday morning aboard the Panama liner Panama. The Isthmus of Panama is not new =r=^^^^^=^==^= to them. They lived at Corozal for three years, 1922 to 1925, not long after Governor Seybold was gradn • • ri\ • uated from the United States Military Academy. LOntlllUBS AS LlMinTlfln New Canal Traffic Record Is Expected This Year If June Transits Are Heavy A new annual record will be set this fiscal year in ocean-going commercial traffic through the Panama Canal unless some unexpected trend develops in the normal shipping pattern during this month. The former monthly record for transits set in January 1929 has been exceeded in three months of this year. The all-time high in the number of transits by ships of more than 300 net tons was set in the fiscal year 1929 when there were 6,289 transits. The number of transits for the first 1 1 months this year totaled 5,930, only 359 from a new record. This figure is expected to be exceeded during June since transits by large commercial vessels have numbered above 500 every month this fiscal year except last July and August. The following table gives a month-bymonth comparison of commercial traffic through the Canal in the record year of 1929 and this fiscal year: I 'i. "I 196S July 492 49:! Augusts. 510 490 September 482 516 October 543 :
PAGE 2

THE PANAMA CANAL?REVIEW June 6, 1952 Gov. Seybold Takes Oath Of Office Administered By Secretary Of Army In a brief and simple ceremony, unprecedented in many respects in the Canal's history, Brig. Gen. John S. Seybold took oath of office as the eleventh Governor of the Canal Zone on May 27 in the office of the Secretary of the Army in the Pentagon Building in Washington, D. C. The oath of office was administered by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., who is the designated representative of the President for the supervision of the administration of the Canal Zone Government, and is the Stockholder of the Panama Canal Company. Attending the ceremony were Karl R. Bendetsen, Under Secretary of the Army and Chairman of the Board of the Panama Canal Company; Roberto Heurtematte, Ambassador from Panama to the United States; and Edward Miller, Assistant Secretary of State. It was the first time that the oath of office for Governor has been administered in the United States. The occasion was also unprecedented by the attendance of a Secretary or Assistant Secretary of State or a Panama Ambassador. The importance of the mission of the new Governor was stressed by Secretary Pace in a brief statement after General Seybold took the oath. The statement of the Secretary follows: "Congratulations, Governor. This new post that you now assume is one of transcendent importance not only to the Army but to the United States of America. "Building on the splendid accomplishments of those who have preceded you, in the days and years in which you will undertake this important service you will not only have the opportunity to maintain, protect and improve this great and truly majestic enterprise, but you will also have the responsibility of maintaining and strengthening the close and cordial relationship that now exists between our country and the Republic of Panama. I know that you will not only undertake the important assignment of seeing that the manifold responsibilities incident to the operation of the Panama Canal are well managed but that you will, in addition, assume and wisely fulfill the requirements of our relationships in the international sphere that have such importance today. I know that these view? are in accord with those of the Assistant Secretary of State, Mr. Miller, who has worked so assiduously in this direction; Ambassador Heurtematte, who has done such an unusual job of placing the problems of the United States and of Panama in a common perspective; the Under Secretary of the Army, Mr. Bendetsen, who has, I think, rendered a truly significant contribution in this field; and General Pick whose wise judgment and guidance in your selection have been most helpful. "You undertake at this particular period an office of great importance and great responsibility in the discharge of which you will have the unqualified support of the Secretary of the Army. I am sure that those who serve with you will serve well. And so in the great mission you are about to undertake, Governor Seybold, I offer you my support and extend my congratulations and good wishes A NEW GOVERNOR takes office. Governor Seybold, right, takes oath of office administered by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr., in the latter's office in the Pentagon building in Washington. In the center is Karl R. Bendetsen, Under Secretary of the Arm)', who is Chairman of the Board of the Panama Canal Company. to you, and through you to all of the people who are engaged with you in this vital enterprise." The following brief reply was made by Governor Seybold in response to the Secretary's statement: "Thank you, Mr. Secretary. I feel keenly the responsibilities of the position you have entrusted to me. I am in full accord with your comments in regard to the relationship that exists between the operation of the Canal and the advancement and maintenance of close and cordial relations with our sister Republic of Panama. The very presence here today of the Ambassador of the Republic of Panama to the United States and of Assistant Secretary of State Miller is further evidence of the fine relationship existing between our two countries and of the importance both nations attach to this relationship. "I approach the performance of the duties of this office in all humility but with a determination to bring to the task all the understanding and vigor at my command. The expression of your confidence and support is most gratefully received and is a source of reassurance to me. I shall do everything in my power to measure up to the confidence you express." New Canal Traffic Record Is Expected This Year If June Transits Are Heavy (.Continued from page l) exceeded GOO transits in one month last March when new monthly records were established in the number of transits, net tonnage of vessels, and tolls. The number of transits in March was 613, or 16 above the previous record set in January 1929. The new tolls record was $2,512,008.72, as compared with the former record of $2,501,949.64, also set in January 1929. The Panama Canal net tonnage of commercial vessels in March was 2,872,628, as compared with the 2,718,923 net-tonnage record established in July 1950. The number of Canal transits again exceeded the 600 mark in April, and a newhigh monthly record was set in May with 622 ocean-going commercial vessels. With the new record last month in the number of transits, it is probable that new highs were also established for tolls and net tonnage of the ships, although these figures are not available until several days after the close of business at the end of each calendar month. It is believed unlikely that a new yearly record will be set this year in the amount of tolls collected. The existing record was made in the fiscal year 1929 with a total of $27,1 11,000. The amount of tolls collected during the first 10 months of this fiscal year is approximately $650,000 under the tolls for the first 10 months in 1929 and it is not believed the difference will be overcome during May and June. There has been a general increase of traffic within the past year over all of the principal trade routes through the Canal with the notable exception of the United States intercoastal route. The net tonnage loss on this route was reported at 41.6 percent during the first S months of this fiscal year in comparison with the 1951 fiscal year figures. The heaviest gains in net tonnage over the various routes have been recorded on those from the east coast of the United States and Canada to Australasia; from Europe to Australasia; east coast of the United States to the west coast of Central America; Europe to the west coast of the United States and Canada; and from the east coast of the United States and Canada to the Far East.

PAGE 3

June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Welcome Planned For Gov. Seybold On Arrival For Duty In Canal Zone (Continued from page 1) will board a special Panama Railroad motor car for return to the Pacific side Further welcoming ceremonies by various officials will take place upon arrival of the party at the Balboa Heights railroad station. The principal event of the Governor's first day in the Canal Zone will l>e a special program which will be held Monday night at the Balboa Stadium. Full details of this program will be announced in the daily press of the Isthmus. The new Governor is a native of Topeka, Kan. Neither he nor Mrs. Seybold are new to the Isthmus. They lived at Corozal for three years, from November 1922 until November 1925, when he served as a Lieutenant with the 1 1 th Engineers. His assignments during that period included the Military Survey and Mapping Program for Panama. Governor Seybold is recognized as one of the ablest general officers of the Corps of the Engineers with wide experience in administration as well as in both civil and military engineering. His entire career since his graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1920 except for three months following his graduation when he served in the Coast Artillery Corps, has been as an officer of the Corps of Engineers in which he has served with distinction in assignments of increasing responsibility. Conies Here From Washington He has been Assistant Chief of Engineers for Personnel and Administration since May 1951, having been chosen for that exacting position while serving as Division Engineer for the South Pacific Division with headquarters in San Francisco, Calif. In addition to his bachelor of science degree from the United States Military Academy at West Point, Governor Seybold received a degree in Civil Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N. Y. in 1922, and has completed Engineer School courses at Camp Humphreys, Va. He also served four years as Assistant Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas. His tours of duty with troops have included assignments at Camp Grant, 111; Fort Dupont, Del; and FortHancock, N.J. Served In European Theater When the United States entered World War II, Governor Seybold was on duty in the office of the Chief of Engineers as Chief of the Procurement Branch, to which he had been assigned in 1938. He continued in that office in charge of purchases of all engineer equipment for the Armed Services and for international aid until transferred overseas in 1943. His overseas assignment in 1943 was to the European Theater where he became Executive Officer of the Engineer Section for the Services of Supply. In May 1944 he was named Chief of the Supply Division of the Office of the Chief of Engineers in the European Theater until his return to the United States after the end of the war. Like other Army Engineer Officers, Governor Seybold has held many responsible peacetime civil works assignments necessary to a well-rounded civil engineering experience. He was in charge of the Engineering Division of the Vicksburg, Miss., Engineer District in 1937 and 1938, VISITC { TO THE PETER BEASLEY, Special Consultant to the Secretary of the Army, this month is making his third visit to the Canal Zone. Mr. Beasley came to the Isthmus early this year to attend the meeting of the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company and spent several weeks here at that time. He returned in March for a two-week visit as the head of a committee appointed to investigate and select a site for new housing on the Pacific side. As a result of this study, additional land at Corozal was made available for use by the Canal Company. Mr. Beasley arrived on his present visit, which is of indefinite duration, early this week. after two and one-half years as assistant engineer there. Supervised Largest Earth Dam Following his return from overseas duty in 1945, he served as District Engineer at Syracuse, N. Y., and later at Baltimore, Md. In 1947 he became District Engineer of the Garrison District, with headquarters at Bismarck, N. D., with responsibility for the construction of the world's largest rolled-earth-fill dam on the Missouri River at Garrison, N. D. His assignment as Division Engineer of the South Pacific Division began in May 1950. In this position he was responsible for the administration of flood control, river and harbor improvements, and several large military construction projects for the Army and Air Force in California, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and in Hawaii. Governor Seybold was awarded the Legion of Merit fo exceptional meritorious services in the Procurement Branch in the Office of the Chief of Engineers, and wears the Bronze Star Medal for his outstanding service ir. the European Theater. His first prorrotion in the military ranks after his graduation from West Point came while serving at Corozal when he was promoted, June 17, 1925, from Second to First Leutenant. His last promotion to Brigadier General came last July with the da;e of rank from June 30, 1951. Employees Conference Brings Up Wide Range Of Old Jew Subjects A wide range of subjects, many of them discussed to some extent during previous meetings, were brought up May 29 at the Governor-Employee Conference at Balboa Heights. Captain Robert M. Peacher, Acting Governor pending the arrival of PresidentGovernor John S. Seybold, presided over the meeting. As he opened the conference, Acting Governor Peacher explained that questions raised at the May meeting would be investigated and the answers prepared so that Governor Seybold could be ready to continue with them. Two matters were raised by Charles W. Hammond, president of the General Committee of Civic Councils; Mr. Hammond asked if something could not be done to obtain money for Civil Defense here, in view of the large amount being spent in the United States, and also asked for clarification of designation of profits from the recent dance recital at the Balboa theater. The question of checks by locks guards of employees entering and leaving the locks areas was discussed at length. It was raised by Dajiel P. Kiley, representative of the Pacific Side Locks Employees. Other questions brought up during the May meeting ncluded: Unlabelled canned goods in the Commissaries; the qaality and price of gasoline sold in the Canal Zone; housing, especially bachelor apartments and the reservation of quarters for those being required to move as the housing program progresses; -losing of medical clinics on holidays ant the general inconvenience of the out-patrat service at Gorgas Hospital. Following a discussion of tolls and the overall fiscal program, Mr. Hammond asked whether tve Canal Zone was not the only governmen agency where employees themselves have to pay for schools and police. Attending the conference were: Acting Governor Peachr; Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Executive Assisant to the Governor and Acting Executive Secretary, and Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director; Mr. Hammond, C. W. Chase, Rev P. H. Havener, Raymond Ralpl, and S. W. Sowa, Civic Councils; Robert Daniels, Railw^ Conductors; Rufus Lovelady, AFGE; Mr. Kiley; Jamt-s Ahwirn, Plumbers: William S. McKee, Machinists; and Walter Wagner and C. W. Hoffmeyer, Central Labor Union.

PAGE 4

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 6, 1952 Photos Show Progress Of Quarters Program Quarters for Company -Government employees are springing up on both sides of the Canal Zone to such an extent that summer vacationers will find a marked change in the landscape when they return in the Fall. In scope, the quarters construction program this year rivals that of any year since the close of the Canal construction period when housing was being provided in the new townsites for the operating force. Mos of the work is being dune by contract although the Maintenance Division has charge of the construction of new houses in the Pyle Street Morgan Avenue area in Balboa and the municipal development in the new building site at Corozal. Not all of the construction sites are pictured on this page. Those not shown in the five pictures at the right are: CARDENAS, where an entire new townsite is being developed north of Corozal for local-rate employees on the Pacific side. This work is being done under contract by Macco-Panpacific, Inc. BALBOA, where construction of 11 composite houses with 15 apartments is nearing completion; COROZAL, wher? grading and other municipal work has been started; and PARAISO, where Tucker McClure is engaged in building 244 family units. Taking the pictures at the right, from top to bottom, in order: At Rainbow City, 96 new apartments, all in two-family masonry on the ground houses, are due for completion September 28. Isthmian Constrictors holds the $645,730 contract for Rainbow City houses. They will lie identical to those completed earlier this yar. Margarita, 131 Houses Macco-Panpacific ho'ds the $3,136,247 contract for the new quarters at Margarita (second from the top) in the northern extension to the present town. A total of 131 houses are to be built, all masonry. They are due for compcthn on June 28, 1053. Twelve new masonry hoises are going up in Diablo Heights (cnt>r picture) on a bluff overlooking Alb'oot Field. The Republic Construction aid Maintenance Company Ls the contractor inthe $273,(100 project. All of these houses are to lie masonry and work on the entire job is about 45 percent done. Completion date is November 8. In ( latun, I fourth phot
PAGE 5

June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW FOR YOUR INTEREST AND GUIDANCE / WML i-l !£ CCIDENT PREVENTION Little Jack Horner Stand on the corner Watching the traffic go by But when it patted lie crossed orer at last And said, "What a good boy am I!" Starting in the first grade with jingles like this, all the students in the Canal Zone schools receive frequent safety lessons. They are taught from the time they first enter kindergarten that safety is everybody's responsibility. Safety is a regular part of the school curriculum and the subject is taught in many different ways to fit the age-level and the current interests of children in their day-to-day activities. Some classes write stories and others write slogans and others draw pictures and posters. In some schools there are dramatizations of the work of traffic officers and illustrations of stop and go lights. Young students illustrate safety situations in classroom sandtables and they learn and sing little safety songs. Many read safety stories, then draw up their own sets of safety rules. There are also motion pictures and filmstrips and field trips to fire stations and classroom demonstrations of fire equipment. Older students learn in the classroom to identify dangerous plants, have bicycle HONOR ROLL Bureau Award For BEST RECORD April COMMUNITY SERVICE BUREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Community Services 3 I ndustrial 1 Civil Affairs 1 Engineering and Construction Health Marine Railroad and Terminals Supply and Service Division Awards For NO DISABLING INJURIES April HOSPITALIZATION AND CLINICS DREDGING DIVISION CLUBHOUSE DIVISION ELECTRICAL DIVISION RAILROAD DIVISION GROUNDS MAINTENANCE DIVISION AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR Clubhouses 3 Electrical 3 Grounds Maintenance 3 Motor Transportation 2 Storehouses 2 Dredging 1 Hospitalization and Clinics 1 Navigation 1 Railroad 1 Sanitation I Commissary Locks Maintenance Terminals riding lessons, and study other safety subjects geared to their own interests. Every year the police and fire divisions coordinate the safety lessons they have for children with the programs and curriculum in the schools. Their assistance in the safety program results in demonstrations of the use of fire equipment, proper bicycle riding, and the annual classroom emphasis on the observation of Fire Prevention Week. Something new in safety lessons in the past two years are the air-raid drills, which have been held periodically. In "hit-the-deck" drills, for attacks without warning, children learn to seek shelter under desks, or seats or any protection nearby. In the more formal drills, the children are conducted to the best shelter available in or near the school, designated for attacks preceded by warnings. The safety lessons are on many subjects but they fall into these general classes: Lessons on safety at home and in school include instructions about falls, injuries from sharp objects, the medicine cabinet, matches, electrical appliances, stoves, safety on the playground, and asphyxiation. Street safety lessons teach children proper actions at crossings, on rainy days, in automobiles, playing in or near streets, at traffic signals, bicycle riding, and roller skating. Fire safety lessons teach children about burns, fire-alarm boxes, use of fire extinguishers, fire drills, and fire hazards. Children also learn about water safety and wild plant and animal life as part of their safety education. First-aid lessons are taught first in grade school, in simple, easy-to-understand form. Then in high school, there is a required course in first aid as part of the physical education program. The school safety work is a continuous program but has been accentuated during the past two months. The lessons being taught came to light in many children's THIS POSTER, done by sixth grade students Marie Bleakley and Charles De Tore of Cristobal Elementary School, is one example of the safety work done in Canal Zone schools. The poster is displayed in this picture by Balboa kindergarten students Alpheus Sloan III of Fort Amador and Margaret Henson of Albrook Air Force Base. papers on subjects ranging from safe Hallowe'en and Christmas celebrations to warning against climbing on construction equipment and rules against paper wads and bean shooters. But even so, the Schools Division and the Safety Branch recognize that there have been too many accidents involving children. As much as they plan and as much as they teach to make the Canal Zone a safe place for children, they believe the most effective safety lessons are the ones youngsters learn in their own homes. And as teachers they know that the best teachers of all are foresighted and painstaking parents. APRIL 1952 Community Services Bureau Health Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau Industrial Bureau Supply and Service Bureau Panama Canal Co. C. Z. Gov't (This month) Panama Canal Co.-C. Z.Gov'l (Best Year; Panama Canal Co.-C. Z. Gov't 1952 to Dale Engineering and Construction Bureau Marine Bureau Railroad and Terminals Bureau Number of Disabling Injuries 41 Disabling Injuries per 1,060,000 Man-Hours Worked (Frequency Rate) Man-Hours Worked 2,941,843 LEGEND 3 Amount Better Than Panama Canal Company— Canal Zone Government Best Year 3 Amount Worse Than Panama Canal Company— Canal Zone Government Bert Year

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 6/1952 Lock Operator and Wife Specialize In Wild Animal Buying and Training Charles E. Bradley has been catching, buying, selling, trading, stuffing, training, and talking wild animals and reptiles for something like 20 years and has learned to like "cats" and snakes best. "Cats," he says, "are like womenmoody, jealous, smart, dangerous, and interesting — with all due respect to my beauteous wife." As for snakes, who helped him meet her, he likes them probably because he knows them best and has for a long time back. Mr. Bradley is a machinist by trade and a lock operator at Pedro Miguel. Animals and snakes are a sideline that have been his big or small-time business all his grown-up life. He doesn't catch them himself these days but buys the animals, birds, and snakes other hunters bring him. Then he sells them, as he has for years, to zoos, pet shops, museums, and snowmen in many parts of the world. From 1945 to 1947, he was in the animal collecting business with headquarters in Barranquilla, Colombia. At the height of his activity there, he sent out a planeload of animals, birds, and snakes every two weeks. For about a year, in 1947, he demonstrated to audiences in different parts of the United States the process of milking a rattler. His lectures on poisonous snakes— demonstrated with the rattler for good showmanship sound effects— were usually for Scout groups. Bitten Five Times His fondness for snakes has not been dimmed by five rattler and fer-de-lance bites followed by five grave periods in the hospital. He doesn't like to live dangerously, he says, but he does prefer peril nearby. MRS. BRADLEY is a junior partner in the animal business in charge of small birds and animals. Here she is shown with the current batch of baby gato solos. In 1948 and 1949 he was an animal trainer for a West Coast dealer who handled jungle-bred animals for the movies. There the animals came in wild but were all well trained before they appeared before movie cameras. His wife is newer to the animal business but is a junior working partner. He thinks her business sense suffers from liking animals too much to sell them but she is good with "cats," and once handled one panther no one else could manage to train. When Mr. Bradley first laid eyes on his future wife in Miami in 1946 he told her about his snake collection and invited her out to see them. He believes she took little stock in the snake story approach — or that's what he thinks now — but she did go out and she did see snakes— that day and from that time on. Then from "I do" day their choice of pets made them popular like the plague. Travelling Boa Constrictor Junior, their boa, was a much-traveled snake who lived in every hotel in Florida. But with hotel managers and other guests he was a snake very non-grata. So for check-ins and check-outs, traveling around and other public appearances, they snuggled his six feet in a suitcase or bag or twined him around Mr. Bradley's middle. Cheeta, a puma, was their favorite pet, but she pushed one landlady almost to suicide. After that they saw to it that Cheeta's charms were hidden so they could keep a roof over their heads. The honor system of explaining her first and then asking for a place to live only made landlords fearful and didn't help them a bit with their constant housing headaches. All went well for quite some time in an apartment in Chicago. Cheeta was walked by night, hidden from view in the shadows of nearby alleys. She slept with the Bradleys as she always had, protesting if they hogged the covers. She ate her raw meat and lolled around the house as if she were home in the Volcan. Landlady Discovers Pet Puma Then one day when the Bradleys were gone, the landlady heard a fan amiss in their apartment. She walked in the room and went to the windows and opened the Venetian blinds. Then she turned around to look and saw Cheeta, also just looking around. The landlady screamed and ran back to the window, yelling for police, firemen, and her family. Everyone came and tried hard to calm her to keep her from jumping six stories. When the Bradleys arrived, the suicide had been averted but, of course, they were homeless again. Then there was a jaguar of 350 pounds Mr. Bradley took calling on a restaurant owner. The jaguar was trained but when it came time to go home he just didn't want to go into his cage. The diners around began to thin out when all means of coaxing proved futile, and it was four hours and two gallons of ice cream later before he was finally caged. Among three people left when the capture was made was a girl with a very strict mother. When her daughter came home late, she just wouldn't believe those wild stories about ice cream eating jagaurs. The biggest animals Mr. Bradley has handled were American buffaloes, water CHARLES E. BRADLEY, lock operator at Pedro Miguel Locks, holds one of the many animals he has owned and handled in his long-time animal business. buffaloes from Africa, and tapirs from Central America. The smallest was the mouse oppossum, a three-inch animal native to Panama. Jaguar And Gorilla Dangerous The most dangerous animals in Bradley's experience are the jaguar and the gorilla. The jaguar, which he considers the worse, is a big cat common in Panama, which attacks unprovoked and is known to be moody and a killer the natives won't hunt. Every animal and snake is a personality, he says, and they don't go by family patterns. Some want to be friendly if the approach is just right but others would be killed before they are broken. Mr. Bradley Started Young Mr. Bradley started catching snakes when he was about 14. Later, he covered a large part of the South collecting rattlers, cotton-mouths, and copperheads and milking them for their venom. He first became acquainted with jungle animals when he came to the Canal Zone in 1942. He had been a machinist for several years and came here to work in the Mechanical Division. After three years with the Canal, he went to Colombia and then to the United States, to follow the animal business. He came back to the Canal Zone in December 1950 as a machinist at Atlantic Locks. There are only a few things he does not buy in his sideline animal business. The lesser anteater is on the list because his diet of termites cannot be assured in captivity. Animals with hoofs, and parrots, parakeets, and macaws are too much trouble because of complications arising from control measures for the poultry disease, psittacine, and hoof and mouth disease. The Bradleys' home in Pedro Miguel has only their household-size pets. Other animals are housed in a jungle stockade safely distant from unplanncd-for visitors. Asked if people are curious and bother him to tell them all kinds of things about animals, Mr. Bradley said, yes, they all want to talk but they don't ask him, they tell him the answers.

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June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW J-jcL Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by the Printing Plant Mount Hope. CanalZone John S. Seybold, Governor-President E. C. Lombard, Executive Secretary J. Rufus Hardy, Editor Eleanor H. McIlhenny Oleva Hastings Editorial Assistants LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters containing inquiries, suggestions, criticisms, or opinions of a general nature will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest will be published but signatures will not be used unless desired. SUBSCRIPTIONS— $1.00 a year SINGLE COPIES— 5 cents each On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses, Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after publication date. SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-lOcents each BACK COPIES— 10 cents Each On sale when available, from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights. Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to the Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. To Subscribers Please notify us promptly of any change in your mailing c dd ress. Post offices everywhere have prepared postal card forms for notices of changes of address. Promoted CAPT. MARVIN J. WEST, Chief of the Navigation Division and Captain of the Port in Balboa, will succeed Capt. Robert A. Peacher as Marine Director when the latter leaves later this month for Xew York and retirement from the United States Navy. This will be the first time in the Canal's history that a Captain of the Port has been promoted to head the Marine Bureau (formerly Division) immediately after completing his assignment as Port Captain. Captain West is a native of Spartanburg, S. C, and was graduated from the United States Naval Academy with the class of 1925. He was on duty in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations as Chief of the Harbor Defense Unit in the Undersea Warfare Division before his assignment with the Canal in July 1949. CAPT. ROBERT M. PEACHER, above, is the third United States Naval Officer in the Canal's history to act as Governor cf the Canal Zone. He was appointed to that position, effective May 23, by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr. He was also delegated to perform the duties of President of the Panama Canal Company which relate to the Company's activities on the Isthmus. Acting Governor Peacher last month completed two years of duty with the Canal organization. He succeeded Capt. P. S. Nichols, now retired, as Marine Superintendent in May 1950 and became Marine Director two months later in the reorganization which made both the Locks and Dredging Divisions units of the Marine Bureau. The Acting Governor will serve until the arrival of Governor John S. Seybold next Monday. He and Mrs. Peacher plan to sail for the States next Friday and he will be on temporary duty in New York until the end of this month when he will retire from active service with the Navy. The two Naval officers who had served as Acting Governor prior to Captain Peacher were Rear Admiral Clark H. Woodward and Commodore Stewart A. Manahan, both now retired. Both held the rank of Captain in the Navy at the time they served as Acting Governor. Admiral Woodward served briefly as Acting Governor in 1929 during the absence of Governor Harry Burgess and the illness of Maj. Gen. Julian L. Schley, the Engineer of Maintenance. Commodore Manahan served a short time as Acting Governor' in May 1942 when Governor Glen E. Edgerton was in the United States and Maj. Gen. Joseph C. Me'haffey, then Engineer of Maintenance, was ill in Gorgas Hospital. Captain Peacher is the first head of the Marine Bureau, or Division, to be appointed to head the Canal organization. Both Admiral Woodward and Commodore Manahan became Acting Governors by an "order of succession" established in 1922 by an order issued by Secretary of War John W. Weeks. This procedure was abolished in January 1950, by a Presidential order providing for the Secretary of the Army to appoint an Acting Governor in the absence of both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor from their duties. Most drugs and medical supplies used in the Canal organization will be purchased through the Army starting July 1, effecting a considerable economy in the procurement of these items. The supplies will be ordered from the Army Medical Supply Depot at the Madden "Y" instead of requisitioning them through the Canal organization for purchases in the United States as in the past. The bulk supplies now on hand at Section J of the Balboa Storehouse, where they have been kept in the past, will be transferred to the Army Medical Supply Depot sometime before the first of July. The summer session of the Louisiana State University's Caribbean program for armed forces personnel again will be open to U. S. citizen employees of the Canal organization on a space available basis. Summer courses will run from June 30 through August 21. Canal personnel should contact the LSU office at Ouarrv Heights, telephone 2131, or C. L. Munden at Fort Amador, telephone 3116, for additional information. Employee elections for U. S.-rate representatives to serve on the Panama Canal Company-Canal Zone Government Performance Rating Board of Review and the Grievance Advisory Committee will close June 11 after about two weeks of balloting. Three principals and two alternates will be named to serve on each of two bodies elected, one for classified and related employees and the other for wage board group. Recent moves among Canal offices included the transfer of the main office of the Housing Division from the Administration Building at Balboa Heights to the second floor of the Balboa Housing Office; and the transfer of the Panama Line ticket office from the Housing Office to the former Balboa Dispensary building. Thirty young men will enter the Armv from the Canal Zone in July, the largest number to be inducted in one month since Selective Service machinery was established in the Canal Zone. All those to be inducted will be alien volunteers, according to State Selective Service Headquarters. The most inducted in one month up to Julj were nine in January, March, and Mav. 1952. Three went into the Army from the Canal Zone in June. Residents of Balboa "Flats" recently were polled to determine their ideas and preferences concerning traffic regulations which should be placed in effect in that section. The polling was conducted by the Pacific Civic Council at the request of the Canal Zone Traffic Committee and was the first ever conducted among Canal residents to obtain their views on the traffic situation in their own community. Results of the survey will be turned over to the Traffic Committee for further action.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 6, 1952 Medical Treatment And Common Sense Are Used To Aid Patients At Corozal The long-time Canal institution now called Corozal Hospital is a lot more than a hospital and its atmosphere is not very institutional. The medical, administrative, and institutional practice of Col. George E. Hesner, Superintendent, and his staff, leaves a lot of leeway for common-sense consideration for patients as personalities. He believes his doctors, nurses, attendants, and helpers do more work and do it better than any comparable group he knows of, but the efficiency seems painless to the staff, the patients, and the outsider looking on. Corozal Hospital houses a motley lot that falls into two main groups, the insane and the so-called "chronics." Chronics, Colonel Hesner explains, are homeless people who helped make the Canal possible. The insane are at Corozal because the court sends them there, according to the Superintendent. Thorough Examinations Persons believed to be psychotic are sent first to a general hospital. There they are X-rayed and given electrocardiographic, chest, and spine examinations which determine, among other things, whether or not they can be given electric shock treatments. Then they are sent to Corozal where they are under observation for 30 days pending the issuance of a court order committing them to this institution. At the end of that period, Corozal authorities ask the court for a commitment order or, if they believe the derangement may be only temporary, an extension of the observation period. Colonel Hesner considers it better to err on the side of prolonging the observation period rather than commit to Corozal anyone with only a temporary mental upset and later, go through the involved legal process of a release. Corozal Hospital was originally "Corozal Farm," or, as it was more generally referred to in the correspondence leading to its founding, "Corozal Cripple Farm." Refuge For Indigents It was planned as a refuge where indigents, crippled in Canal service, could live and, if they wanted to, work. Today's "chronics" are the counterpart of the cripples for whom the farm was founded. They are former Canal employees and dependents, taken from the outside where they are helpless and given at Corozal a place to live, good food, medical attention, and a more-than-institutional amount of human kindness. They come from former ranks of both U. S.and local-rate Canal forces and they suffer all manner of diseases and infirmities, blindness, deafness, lameness, heart conditions, arterial sclerosis, and just age. Panamanian insane were cared for at Corozal from 1915 to 1933 and 1934 when they were transferred to Retiro Matias Hernandez in Panama City. The large number of Spanish-speaking patients now at Corozal prompted the remark by a former Chief Health Officer after he made the rounds with Colonel Hesner, "George, these people would hair to be crazy to understand your Spanish." Colonel Hesner Is Popular But fractured as the language may be, the Spanish-speaking patients seem to like it just as well as those who speak English when Colonel Hesner takes them by the arm or shoulder, kids them about their foibles or just greets them — from 8 to SO — with the usual "Hi there, young man" or "young lady." The present Corozal census— which remains fairly constant— includes 240 insane and 100 chronics. To take care of these patients, there are in addition to the Superintendent, Dr. George B. Hudock, clinical director, Col. Leon Malock, and Maj. T. B. Hauschild, all psychiatrists. Mrs. Marie McNeff, Chief Nurse, heads the staff of 15 nurses. There are also Robert Cole, Chief jpyqp[4^^ THE SETUP for electric shock treatments, which have resulted in the recovery of about 80 percent of the insane patients treated at Corozal Hospital, is demonstrated here by the doctors, nurses, and attendants who help administer the treatments. The doctors are (left to right) Leon Malock, T. B. Hauschild, and George B. Hudock, clinical director. Facing the camera is Chief Nurse Marie McNeff. Clerk; Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, Personnel Clerk; Mrs. Ruth Lord, Stenographer; and 127 local-rate and 24 U. S.-rate attendants, cooks, and helpers. For the insane, Corozal Hospital has an enviable record among such institutions for the number of recoveries. "Shock" Treatment Given About 8,000 electric shock treatments have been given to about 400 Corozal patients since this method was first used there in September 1947. About SO percent of those treated "went back over the fence" recovered, Dr. Hudock says. He prefaced an explanation of treatments for the insane with the words of G. K. Chesterton which he says are as true today as when they were spoken: "In the treatment of insanity the treatment must be drastic and the cure a miracle." No one knows how the convulsions induced by electric shocks or other means erase aberrations from the human mind, but they do — in some cases and in some types of insanity, Dr. Hudock says. Metrazol, which is injected intravenously over a considerable period of time to bring about the curative convulsion, was used at Corozal from 1935 to the time the electric shock treatments were started there. Insulin has been and is used at Corozal on rare occasions but with considerable reluctance as far as the staff is concerned. This treatment is prolonged and delicate compared to electric shock, and is given only if a patient's family insists and furnishes special nurses for the careful and constant observation necessary. One Lobotomy Performed Also by special arrangement made by one patient's family, a lobotomy recently was performed on one woman at Corozal who was taken to Dr. Antonio GonzalezRevilla, a Panamanian brain surgeon, for the delicate operation which could not be done at Corozal. She came back a completely changed and vastly improved personality. Electric shock treatments for the insane, in most general use at Corozal and elsewhere, were first tried on a human patient in 1938 by Dr. T. Cerletti, an Italian neuro-psychiatrist. Most of his previous experimentation with electricity as a possible means of inducing convulsions safely and quickly was done on animals in Rome's slaughterhouses. He believed -and experimentation showed that the electric shock used to "kill" animals did not actually kill them but that they would recover from the convulsions and subsequent coma if butchering did not begin immediately. After Cerletti's successful use of electric shock on a human patient his treatment spread rapidly throughout the medical world, being introduced in the United States in 1939. At Corozal, electric shock treatments are given three times a week and the number for a particular patient may range from 6 to 60. "Snake Pit" horrors to the contrary, the machine that furnishes the current is

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June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW small and innocuous in appearance and the shock is so quick and certain that patients suffer little apprehension and scarcely know what happened to them. Low Voltage Current Used The current is something like 130 volts for .2 second for a small woman and 120 volts for the same period for a large man. Many special precautions worked out for electric shock treatments at Corozal might make the staff seem over-cautious, Colonel Hesner says. However, there have been few accidents dislocated joints, fractured vertabraeand no fatalities. When the treatment first came into general use in the United States in the early 1940's, the fatalities were as high as 16 to IS percent, Dr. Hudock says. The use of Metrazol, on the other hand, was a much more complicated and prolonged process and the patient's reaction was far from pleasant. A patient came in under his own power for the first Metrazol shock, Dr. Hudock says. For the second treatment, it took two attendants to bring him and after about the fourth shock, several attendants had to carry him bodily to cope with his violence. Corozal s main obligation to the chronics, in the opinion of Colonel Hesner, is to make them as comfortable and happy as possible. That means there are few rules regarding their activities. They sleep when and if and as long as they want to and work and do other things very much the same way. Their food, like that of all the patients, comes from the hospital kitchen presided over by the long-time stew-ard David H. Hines, who will retire in November. And Colonel Hesner, once exposed to a Cooks and Bakers School in his long Army career, is not averse to raising an authoritative eyebrow and question to let the cooks know he thinks he knows what made a pie taste like paste or bread slices that were too thick or too thin to make the supply come out right. Many Special Diets Besides the regular meals, which would be the envy and despair of budget-minded housewives, there are many special diets for patients with different infirmities and SET IN A SCENE < >f tropical beauty is this ward building of Corozal Hospital. diseases. If the world considers Corozal patients unfortunates, there is no indication that the staff regards them as anything but people. Ward rounds turn up all kinds of conversation, questions, and quips. One patient's bid for attention in the form of vague, indefinable pains got this answer: "Aren't you lucky to have those pains. God gives you pains to make you think about yourself— a good guy— instead of a bunch of no-good people." And another who wanted seeds and a plot of ground to grow peanuts and white roses was told, "Peanuts and roses! Whoever heard of a combination like that! You can't eat roses — but we'll see." Patients Have Gardens A few small plots of ground assigned to patients for their own gardening — mainly as an occupational-therapy measure — is all that remains of the farming which once made Corozal about SO percent self supporting. The farm, under the direction of a farm manager, was started in February 1913 with 750 acres and 35 able-bodied laborers to break the land and get the farm going so that patients could carry on the work. Congressional authorization for this institution for disabled indigents came in the COLOXEL GEORGE E. HESNER, right, who will retire at the end of June after many years as Superintendent of Corozal Hospital, is shown with three favorite employees at Corozal who have also served there the longest. Left to right, they are: Thomas Petrekin, grounds foreman who has been at Corozal since 1913; Beatrice Lewis, attendant, who says she "raised" Colonel Hesner in her 40 years of service; and Hubert Lovell, who has held the thankless job of gatekeeper for 32 years. Sundry Civil Act of June 23, 1913. Canal Zone insane patients were first cared for in the old French quarters at Miraflores. In 1907 they were moved to the insane ward 7, Ancon Hospital, on the location of the present San Juan Place. In March 1915, the insane asylum was transferred to Corozal Farm when the farm and asylum were consolidated under the name "Corozal Hospital." Early farming operations were plagued with problems— and consequent revisions of regulations— as to whether or not patients had to work if they could; rates of pay for different classes of workers; provisions for housing, with as little fighting and friction as possible, patisnts and dependents of different nationalities and sometimes cantankerous character; thieving; plant and animal diseases; and, in later years, economic headaches arising from competition from other agricultural interests employing able-bodied laborers, particularly Chinese gardeners. Even so the farm thrived and in the peak years of the early 1920's included a 120-head dairy, about 400 hogs in a "piggery," poultry yard, nursery, vegetable and flower gardens, a coconut grove, and many papaya, mango, citrus fruit, and alligator pear trees. Guinea pigs, rabbits, and pigeons also were raised on the farm at different periods. Other Occupational Therapy Many of the farming activities, including the dairy and hog farms, were abandoned for lack of sufficient workmen when Panamanian patients were transferred to Matias Hernandez. Later, patients were provided employment in a broom factory, sewing room, the cemetery, which was a part of Corozal until July 1950, and the vegetable and flower gardens, some of which were retained until the early 1940's. The present occupational-therapy work, under the direction of Mrs. Anna Cundliffe, consists of many types of sewing, rug-making, and making of straw baskets, mats, bags, and hats, which are sold primarily to individuals. Material for this work* is furnished by the hospital, with the help of the Community Chest. The Corozal Small Animals Hospital and Quarantine Kennels were under the direction of Corozal Hospital until 1950. Growing military establishments resulted in the transfer to the armed forces of sizable chunks of land from Corozal Farm. Other parts went to form new or expanded Canal communities, and the once-spacious farm finally dwindled to its present 75 acres.

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10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 6, 1952 School Closing Opens Zone Vacation Season Vacation activities moved to the forefront in the Canal Zone with the arrival of June. By the time the last school bells rang this week, a record number of 550 students had been graduated from the Cristobal and Balboa High Schools, the La Boca and Rainbow City Vocational High Schools, and the Canal Zone and La Boca Junior Colleges. In addition to the graduates, some 4,500 other students put aside thoughts of books and examination papers as the Canal Zone schools closed one of the most successful years in their history. Many of the graduates and students will find employment during the summer vacation period as student assistants in various Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government units. As a result of their training, some of the graduates employed during the summer will be retained in permanent positions similar to those they held during their assistant training period. The closing of schools also meant, the usual exodus of many Canal employees and their families for the United States. Although there are fewer Canal vacationers bound for the States this summer than in recent years, northbound sailings of the Panama Line for the past few weeks have been taken with near-capacity passenger lists. The rush of Canal employees toward the States started early in May. This year, it is expected that all Canal employees who have requested transportation on the Panama Line will be accommodated by the northbound sailing on June 20, thus disposing of the backlog of transportation requests. The thousands of Canal employees and their families who will spend the summer here will find vacation fun in the Summer Recreation Program which has been planned in most Canal Zone communities. The six-week program of arts and crafts classes, as well as sports and other recreational activities, will start June 9 in the local-rate communities where schools close earlier, and July 7 in the U. S.-rate communities. Instructors for the program, all volunteers, are attending special training classes. The program is under the direction of the Canal Zone Summer Recreation Board. Mrs. Peggy Parker will again be the coordinator for the program in the U. S.-rate communities, and E. Stanley Loney, who has had several summers' experience, will serve as coordinator in the local-rate communities. Asifle from fun and frolic during the coming three months, school work will continue at the Canal Zone Junior College where summer school courses will be offered for students and adults who desire special training. Most of the summer school work will be in night classes, although a few classes will be held in the morning. The courses being offered include elementary typing, elementary Spanish, Spanish for English-speaking students, business law, business English, shorthand, and a course in engineering drawing which will be held on Saturday mornings. Head Janitor Watches Pranks Of Zone Students Since 1915 AUBREY ATHERLEY, head janit.ir at Balbos Junior High School, scoots out one of many students dogs who want to go to school. Several generations of students at Balboa Junior High School have learned that Aubrey Atherley is on their side but he has no time for backtalk. As a long time janitor in Canal Zone schools, he has had a lot of experience with students. He says he speaks to them when they're doing wrong but he's too busy to look for mischief. He plays no favorites and tattles no tales and they always get along all right. Atherley has been head janitor at the Junior High School since September 1933, when the present building was constructed. For 12 years before that, he held the same job at Balboa Elementary School. From 1915 to 1917, he was also a school janitor at Cristobal School, which was then in the annex of the Hotel Washington. In his present job, he cleans IS rooms daily with the help of one assistant. He picks up pens and pencils and sometimes pocketbooks and delivers them to the High School office. He listens a little to classroom work if it's convenient and arouses his interest. He does many little chores for the teaching staff and whatever he does, he does well. He says the teachers and principal are always nice and he takes well to the kidding they give him. He finds some notes but he doesn't read them, and he could sometimes report students, but he just never does. The only trouble he ever finds are dogs who follow students to school. They're no real problem but Atherley believes they just don't belong in the classroom. And no matter how much their masters beg, he's adamant and chases them away. Has Job As Secretary Outside the high school, Atherley has a heavy job as secretary of the Barbadian Progressive Society of Panama, a mutual benefit insurance organization for persons of Barbadian ancestry. His other main interests are his son, who lives with him in La Boca, and a niece that he reared, who has been in Lcs Angeles for seven years with the family for whom she worked in the Canal Zone. Atherley came from Barbados in 1910 and went to work first in Culebra, as a member of a utility gang. After his first two years as a school janitor at Cristobal, he spent three years cleaning bachelors' quarters at Cristobal and Balboa, and in September 1921, he started to work at Balboa School where he has been working ever since. Clubhouse Opens Self-Service Section BALBOA CLUBHOUSE has just instituted a new self-service merchandise section. Designed to facilitate and expedite customer purchases, and at the same time to permit an effective means of displaying merchandise, the new section is provided with island-type sectional displays. There are wide, easy-to-move-in aisles, and an arrangement permitting adequate opportunity for browsing through the section's wide assortment of magazines, phonographs records, home remedies and many other readily available convenience items. Further improvements will complete the changes and will provide even greater customer convenience, at the same time adding to the section's generally attractive appearance.

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June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 1 Art Blossoms As Avocation Here THESE ART LEAGUE members are shown deep in preparation for their Annual Beaux Arts Ball, which is not only fun but helps to finance the organization's art scholarship. Une of the biggest and most enthusiastic Canal Zone groups bound together by a common interest in after-work-hours is the large and growing number of people who comprise the local art colony. At the hub of the activities of many of these artists is the Canal Zone Art League whose artistic interests have spread to a large part of the Canal Zone community. Among Art League members are many prolific artists known to the public through the League's exhibitions. Last year they outgrew one annual show of their work, which has been held since the organization was founded, and established a permanent gallery at the Jewish Welfare Board in Balboa. At the Balboa gallery, exhibits of work by individual members are changed every two weeks, and the League also arranges for exhibits of the work of guest artists from Panama. The Canal Zone Art League was planned primarily as an outlet for members' talents but as the membership grew and their interests broadened there was a resulting increase in activities. One of its main aims is to encourage the work of young artists. The League welcomes new members into their group — especially those new in the community and through its activities provides them an opportunity to improve and exhibit their artistic productions. Now On Community Scale With study and sketch groups and other activities, the League furthers the work of its members. And on a community scale, it has set itself to provide a high standard of art appreciation in the Canal Zone. As a special help to promising artists, the League has made provisions for an art scholarship. To swell the funds and make this aid possible, the organization has had three annual Beaux Arts Balls. One paralyzed teacher was provided a scholarship for correspondence work in art as a result of the League's efforts in his behalf. The membership of the present Art League includes engineers, teachers, electricians, and persons in various other vocations. Among the members are several husband and wife teams. Persons from 15 years of age or more may participate in the club's activities. Besides those who paint, in watercolors or oils, there are ceramists, woodcarvers, and print makers. In all fields of art, the League attempts to keep abreast of the major and current art movements. The organization is guided by the American Artists Professional League which the members may join if they choose. It was originally a part of, and the local officers were members of the national art organization. Art Week Is Institution American Art Week, which has become a well-known community institution, was originally a child of the American Artists Professional League. It is now observed with a large exhibition with prizes for outstanding artists. Among the donors who have contributed prizes are the Elks Club, the American Legion and Auxiliary, various women's clubs, and the YMCA which has always been generous in support of American Ait Week and the smaller exhibitions that grew out of it. The League came into being in the war days of 1944 primarily for the benefit of persons in the armed services. It was organized to arrange art activities and exhibitions for armed forces artists who visited or were stationed on the Isthmus. Many of the group for whom it wai formed were recent graduates of art schools or had had brief careers in art before they entered the armed services. The local tropical scenery and atmosphere provided new and tempting subject matter for many of these young artists and wartime conditions created the need for an outlet for their creative interests. The first art clubs and classes for service personnel were organized and directed by E. C. Stevens at the Balboa YMCA. But the constant shifting of the armed forces artists created a need for a civilian group to stabilize any such art groups, and the Art League was formed to create such a nucleus and to fill the need of that time. Roger Morrow First President The first president of the newborn Art League was the Canal employee, Roger Morrow. As the organization grew, the exhibits increased until they were too large for the YMCA lobby. Then arrangements were made for the organization to use the YMCA basement area, w^hich was also outgrown in 1951 as a space for the annual exhibition. At that time the Jewish Welfare Center provided space in its former music room for the present permanent ballery. Much of the work in the early Art League days was done in pencil, pen and ink, and watercolors because of the wartime difficulty in obtaining other art materials. The early interaction of art ideas between the local artists and armed forces members new to the Isthmus influenced the style and approach of the group and resulted in a new freshness of style. The quality improved as it has since that time — and the amount of oil painting increased.

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12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 6, 1952 Industrial Bureau Repairs Craft Which Haul Ex-Kings And King Tuna During May Fishing boats are fishing boats to the Panama Canal Company's Industrial Bureau, whether the fishing craft be those which carry ex-kings or those which carry king tuna. Both types were under repair last month in the Industrial Bureau's yards at Mount Hope. The ex-king's fishing boat, Young Joe, is not quite that, technically. Along the Canal waterfront, the 315-ton former minesweeper became known as the king's yacht almost from the minute she touched port in April with former King Leopold of Belgium aboard. But members of the Young Joe's crew insist that the vessel is on a scientific expedition and that the presence aboard of the former king was coincidental. The Young Joe belongs to the International Society of Marine Biological Research, to translate its French name somewhat literally, and has aboard a group of scientists who are primarily interested in plankton, small fish, and fish parasites. They are also somewhat interested in bats, as witnessed by two hour-glass shaped cages of the flying mammals, some of them vampires, which hung on the Young Joe's rear deck. The one-time minesweeper is equipped with electrical fishing gear which stuns marine life so that it can be brought aboard without the damage caused by either hook or net. Presence of the Young Joe in the Mount Hope shipyard was for a general overhaul on its two engines. The Young Joe had transited the Canal May 6 after a fishing trip to the Pearl Islands. The former king and his wife and several of the scientists did not remain aboard but went on to Venezuela. In the meantime the overhaul was delayed pending the arrival of several parts which had to be ordered from the States. Many could have been manufactured here but special tooling would have been required and the cost for such work — here or anywhere else — runs high. While the overhaul of the Young Joe's engines was going on, a fishing boat of another vintage was dry-docked on the marine railway not far away. This was the 391-ton tuna fisher, Del Sur, which had ripped off most of her keel and bent her rudder when she ran onto a reef off the Pearl Islands late in April. She was towed here for repairs. Industrial Bureau craftsmen first had to get her into the supporting cradle which raises the vessel a man's height from a wooden platform. This was accomplished by running the prepared cradle down a marine railway, part of whose tracks are submerged, until the damaged fisher could be maneuvered into the exact center and shored into place. Once on dry land, the damaged keel was completely torn off, a new keel made from a piece of 24 x 24 inch lumber, 80 feet long, and the rudder straightened. The two fishers were only two of the jobs which occupied the Industrial Bureau's marine experts. In addition there were small Navy craft for overhaul or repair and a whole drydock full of small, miscellaneous vessels of one sort or another. New Civil Intelligence Branch Chief ROBERT C. WALKER, left, assumed his duties early last month as Chief of the Civil Intelligence Branch. He succeeded Earl J. Williamson, right, who is leaving this month to accept another position with the Federal Government in Washington. D. C. Mr. Walker served six years as Deputv Director of the Intelligence and Security Division for the Field Command of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project, with headquarters in Albuquerque, N. Mex., before joining the Canal organization. Mr. Williamson has several years of Canal service and since last March he has been Chief of the Civil Intelligence Branch. Panama Canal Theaters MOVIETIME SCHEDULE Starts BALBOA Saturday June 7th Starts CRISTOBAL Saturday June 14th DAN DA!LEY ; JOANNE ORU 02 SCHEDULED FOR EARLY RELEASE A Paramount Picture M-G-Ms SINGIN* SWINGIN GLORIOUS FEELIN MUS ICAL ffity i Technicolor 7 Gene Kelly* donald o'connor Debbie Reynolds Tropical Treasure! Typhoon! and Temptation 1 ERROL RUTH FLYNN ROMAN pla>* N. RICHARD NASH v GORDON DOUGLAS

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June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 Student Leaders CARL PINTO, elected at the end of the past school year, will serve as the new president of the Student Association at Cristobal High School. He has attended school at Cristobal since the fourth grade and is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Fabian Pinto of Colon. CHARLES A. SMITH has been elected President of the Balboa High School Student Association for the 1952-1953 school year. He was vice president of his junior class and has attended the Canal Zone schools since he entered the first grade in 1943. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. John \V. Smith of Rousseau. OUR OUT-OF-DOORS PLANTING TIME (Prepared by Canal Zone Experiment Gardens! For those people interested in having a wet-season flower bed or a few choice shrubs and trees around their quarters, this will act as a reminder that now is a good time to get started. The rains will apparently be with us for several months and the earlier we get the plants in the ground the better. This will give them a good chance to get established before next dry season. Materials required are few and inexpensive as compared with most hobbies or sports one might become interested in, either for pleasure or the exercise involved. A spade or shovel, rake, hoe, and possibly a pick for heavy digging are about all that is required in the way of tools. You will need fertilizers, sprays, and preferably good soil brought in if the present soil is poor. From there on, it is a matter of securing desired planting material and giving it the proper care. Many of the flowers available such as There's a baron in the Commissaries now for almost every budget and every set "i tastebuds. Four new nationally advertised I Hili'il St. ilcs brands base lieen added, each with its own heavy or lighl or otherwise distinctive run' thai marks the special and secret process ol its manufacturer. The current first quality bacons are Wilson's Certified, Armour's Star, and BrandCudahy's Puritan, all in one-hall Name pound packages. Swift's Oriole, Bacon the fourth addition, is a popular No. 2 bacon. These are in addition to the bacon sold under the Commissary label, also currently sliced from a well-known nationally advertised brand; and bacon squares, the real penny-saver of the lot at 30 cents a pound. For a paint job that makes ladies' lips look good and stay that way all clay, there's a liquid lacquer named Lip-Stae to wear on top of lipstick to keep it on. A new lot of lamb, at a more comfortable price, was bought by the Commissary Division in Ireland. If a steady supply can be assured, there'll be more of this lamb to please Scotch budgeteers and all true sons of Erin. A weather-proof salt named Diamond Crystal is new in the -ions these days. The maker assures that in laboratory te I il linn ed lour t imes n i re istanl to damp ness than ordinary sail. Bigger frozen fowl are in the commissaries now. They weigh lour pounds and more, in fit big families and big appetites. Frozen turkeys are now being sold in the commissary prepackaged meal ection I he pliofilm-wrapped birds, weighed and priced and ready to takehome, cost 82 cents a pound if they are eviscerated, and 68 if they are not. For June wedding belles, the Baker; Sa lion points out they make wedding cakes for just such occasions, you tell And your store manager just what you June want and furnish the ornaments Brides for decoration. Then the Bakery Section works hard to fix what you ask for . for 75 cents a pound. Special bakery orders are also taken for individual ice cream squares and sheet cakes iced in pastel shades, and cut to lit the number of guests at a party. Would-be gift givers who are scratching their heads over gifts for the head of the home, might consider this Father's Day suggestion list from men in the Commissary Division. Zippo cigarette lighters engraved with the Panama Canal Company and the Don't Canal Zone Government seals that Forget cost $4.25, and regular Zippos for Father $1.95 . Penfold golf balls made in England cost 58 cents each and could be bought by the box for a fancy golf-bend gift . Kaywoodie pipes cost $2.75 . Benrus Sea Baron watches at $27.95 are waterproof and shockproof, and the Barracuda by the same maker is a 17jewel shockproof, waterproof, and self-winding watch that costs $36.75 . there are fishing reels from $3.85 for the snook fishermen and on up to $56 for deep-sea fishing fathers . casting rods range from $6.55 to $20.75 ... to go with the rods and reels there are nylon, linen, and cuttyhunk lines . sheathed hunting knives bv W. R. Case for$3.30 . toilet sets, Old Spice, Yardley's, and John Hudson Moore for $1.20 to $4 . ties — many Wembleys and Arrows, among others . And good for all men who like to be comfortable is a new Arrow Bi-way shirt with a disappearing neckband that makes it comfortable and good looking either as a sport or dress shirt. It comes in colors or fancy stripes and costs either $3.60 or $3.95. A new and good gadget is a porcupine soap tray to keep your soap New high and dry. It has rubber Household bristles that stand up in the air Gadget that serve also as a rubber massage brush. Pillsbury and Gold Medal flour can now be bought in 2-pound packages as well as in the 5-pound bags sold before. There's a large lot of scissors in the stores right now, including pinking shears for potential home seamstresses. This is the time of year when the sugar in the commissaries comes from cane fields in the Republic of Panama. From about March through August, after the crop in Panama is made into sugar, the largest putchases by the Commissary Division are made. The native sugar is bought on the basis of United States Federal Specifications and the money value amounted to $146,159.39 last fiscal year. For dietetics and dieters who don't like to gain pounds, there's a new non-fat milk powder called Sanalac. And for salad fanciers who like to dress up their dressings, there are these vinegars you might not know about: Heinz white, malt, tarragon, and red wine. gardenias, coffee roses, periwinkles, ixora, pentas, roses, and other similar plants hold up well as cut flowers allowing one to enjoy their beauty indoors as well as out. They grow readily and many of them flower throughout the year. A wide variety of handsome flowerand shade-trees will be found to meet every landscape need. Such trees as the numerous cassias, Iagerstroemia, jacaranda, royal poinciana, to mention a few, give a beautiful show of color when in flower. Choice budded fruit trees such as orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit, and mango are available at the Gardens and will give you shade as well as fruit. What could be nicer than your own limes for your favorite drink? Those who wish to limit their gardening to indoors will also find a wide range of plants suitable for this purpose at the Gardens. The lack of sunlight in most of the Canal Zone quarters somewhat limits the plants that can be grown indoors; however, this need not discourage one too much. Philodendrons, ferns, begonias, violets, peperomias, and many others will do well under shaded conditions. Planting around Canal quarters is permitted in many areas and if there should be any doubt, permission can be secured through the Grounds Maintenance Division. In most of the quarters now being constructed, only the front lawn areas are landscaped, leaving the rear areas for the occupant to plant as he wishes. This should allow room for that special flower bed or any flowering shrubs you might desire. Any questions you might have in regards to plant material, planting methods, plants best suited for your particular area, can be answered through the Gardens. To fulfill that desire to exercise out of doors, begin now on your planting and you will be more than satisfied with the results.

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14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW June 6, 1952 THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR JUNE 6th — American Legion Post No. 6, Gamboa, 7:30 p. in. 7th— Track Foremen, Balboa B & B Shops. 8th — Pipefitters, Margarita Clubhouse, 9:30 a. m. Sheetmetal Workers, No. 157, Balboa Clubhouse, 9:30 a. m. Plumbers, No. 606, Balboa Lodge Hall, 9:30 a. m. 9th— Machinists, No. 699, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m. American Legion, Post No. 1, Balboa, 7:30 p. m. 10th Electrical Workers, No. 397, Wirz Memorial, 7:30 p. m. VFW Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Post No. 2, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Post No. 7, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Auxiliary No. 1, Balboa, 7:30 p. m. 11th — Carpenters, No. 913, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. Pacific Civic Council, Board Room, Administration Building, 7:30 p. m. 13th— Blacksmiths, No. 400, with Boilermakers No. 463 and 471, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m. 15th— CLU-MTC, Balboa Lodge Hall. 8:30 a. m. 16th — Truckdrivers, Balboa Lodge 1 1, ill. 7:30 p. m. Electrical Workers, No. 677, Gatun Masonic Temple, 7:30 p. m. 17th— Machinists, No. 811, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. Operating Engineers, No. 595, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m. 18th— AFGE No. 14, Balboa Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Auxiliary No. 3, Gatun, 7:30 p. m. 19th — American Legion Auxiliary No. 6, Gamboa, 7:30 p. m. 23d— Machinists, No. 699, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m. VFW Auxiliary, Post 3822, Post Home, 7:30 p. m. 24th— Operating Engineers, No. 595, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m. VFW Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. 25th— AFGE No. 88, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. American Legion Auxiliary No. 2, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. 26th Governor-Employee Conference, Board Room, Administration Building, 2 p. m. JULY 1st — Gamboa Civic Council, Community Center, 7:30 p. m. Gatun Civic Council, Gatun Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. 2d— VFW Post No. 40, Wirz Memorial, 7:30 p. m. 3d — Carpenters, No. 667, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. 4th — Independence Day June Sailings From Cristobal Ancon-June 6 Panama ___Junel3 Cristobal ... _ June 20 Ancon ...June 27 From New York Panama -June 4 Cristobal June 11 Ancon--June 18 Panama June 25 ANNIVERSARIES Employees who observed important anniversaries during the month of May are listed alphabetically below. The number of years includes, all Government service with the Canal or other agencies. Those with continuous service with the Canal are indicated with (*). 40 Years Maj. George Herman, Chief, Police Division. Berney J. Robinson, Steam Engineer, Bunkering Section, Terminals Division. 35 Years Francis J. Moumblow, Lockmaster, Gatun Locks. 25 Years Landen H. Gunn, Operator, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dredging Division. George F. Herman, Construction and Maintenance Foreman, Dredging Division. *Greta E. Mann, Nurse, Gorgas Hospital. 20 Years James O. Deslondes, General Storekeeper, Storehouses Division. Donald P. Hutchinson, Junior Control House Operator, Pacific Locks. 15 Years Frank A. Anderson, Jr., Plumber, Maintenance I )ivision. Robert M. Blakely, Machinist Leadingman, Industrial Bureau. Russell W. Elwell, Ironworker-Welder, Industrial Bureau. Peter S. Legge, Steam Engineer, Dredging 1 livision. Mary F. Maguire, Secretary, Office of the Executive Secretary. John A. McNatt, General Investigator. Frank W. Van Home, Lock Operator, Pacific Locks. Robert Van Wagner, Administrative Assistant, Maintenance Division. F. C. Willoughby, Operator-Foreman Mechanic, Electrical Division. RETIREMENTS IN MAY PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS Employees who retired at the end of May, their birthplace, titles, length of service at retirement, and their future addresses are: Kathleen T. Baxter, Maine; Teacher, Ancon Elementary School; 30 years, 7 months, and 23 days; Waterville, Me. Sue P. Core, Indiana; Teacher, Ancon Elementary School; 33 years, 6 months, and 18 days; future address uncertain. William H. Dunlop, Illinois; Finance Director; 26 years, 4 months, and 13 days; plans uncertain. Gustaf R. Holmelin, New York; Senior Chief Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division; 36 years, 6 months, and 24 days; East Meadows, N. Y. Harland V. Howard, Vermont; Electri cian Operator Foreman, Power Branch; 23 years, 11 months, and 14days;Wesl Wood-id, k, Vt. Gordon F. Kariger, Louisiana; Pilot, Navigation Division; 19 years, I month, and 4 days; Norfolk, Va. James G. Maguire, Maine; General Foreman, Electrical Division; 38 years, 4 months, and 11 days; Old Orchard Beach, Me. Solomon S. Shobe, Missouri; Dipper Dredge Operator; Dredging Division; 32 years, and 1 days; Birmingham, \l.i. Clarence Sibus, New York; Assistant Superintendent, Pacific Locks; 28 yeai I month, and 20 days; Winter Park, Fla. Edna C. Whitver, Missouri; Governmental Accountant, Finance Bureau; 25 years, 3 months, and 1 day; Orlando, Fla. April 15 Through May 15 The following list contains the names of those U. S.-rate employees who were transferred from one division to another (unless the change is administrative) or from one type of work to another. It does not contain within-grade promotions and regradings. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Frank Koenig, from Guard, Locks Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal, Customs, and Immigration I (ivision. Howard H. Alexander, from Guard, Locks Division, to Policeman, Police Division. Mrs. Emily J. Price, from Library Assistant to Librarian, Library Branch. Beverly G. Y. Chan, from Library Assistant to Museum Aid, Library Branch. William H. Stephens, Jr., from Customs Guard, to Postal Clerk, Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division. Mrs. Marion M. Webb, from Substitute Teacher to High School Teacher, Schools 1 livision. Mrs. Nancy N. Cottrell, from High School Teacher to Substitute Teacher, Schools I livision. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Roy J. Wilkey, from Lock Operator Win in. mi, Pacific Locks, to Wireman, Electrical I >i\ ision. James W. Riley, from Telephone Installer-Maintainer to Automatic Switchman, Electrical Division. Mrs. Mae B. Cross, from Clerk-Typist to Clerk, Maintenance Division, Leon M. Warren, from Assist. ml Supei intendent, Southern District, to Construction Management Engineer. Maintenance 1 )i\ ision. Charles P. Morgan, from Superintendent, Refuse Collection and Disposal, Ground Maintenance Division, to General Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. INDUSTRIAL BUREAU William H. Gonzalez, from Electric Welder to Combination Welder, Industrial Bureau. MARINE BUREAU William C. Keepers, from ControlHouse Operator to Lockmaster, Pacify Locks. Arthur J. O'Donnell, from Lock Operator Wireman Leader to Control House ( Iperator, Pacific Locks. Daniel P. Kiley, from Lock Operator Wireman lo Lock Operator Wireman Leader. I '.ii ific l.oi ks. Genova J. Gibbs, from Lock Operator Machinist to Lock Operator Machinist Leader, Pacific Locks. William J. Gilbert, from File Clerk, Administrative Branch, to Guard, Atlantic Locks. William E. Hof>kins, from Pilot-inTraining to Probationary Pilot, Navigation Division. Victor C. Melant, from Drill Runner to Storekeeper, Dredging Division. Joaquin E. Cruz, from Supply Clerk, Housing Division, to Accounting Clerk, I iircLing I livision. Rutberford B. H. Stroop, III, from Customs On, ml, Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division, to Marine Dispatcher I i ainee, Xa\ igat ion I >i\ ision. Alfred Gloss, from 'Third Assistant Marine Engineer, Aidt" Navigation Section, to Chief Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division. (See page 15)

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June 6, 1952 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Supplies Valued At $1,380,000 Bought This Fiscal Year From Panama Sources General Rice Leaves Panama Canal purchases of supplies in the Republic of Panama totaled $1,380,(ii)(l for the first nine months of this fiscal year, a gain of $205,000 over the comparable period in the fiscal year 1951. These figures are exclusive of purchases by other Government agencies and contractors in the local markets. Local purchases by the Canal organization during the third quarter of this fiscal year, January through March, were reported at $475,000 as compared with $521,000 during the third quarter of last fiscal year. The $40,000 decrease was attributed to the heavy purchases of sugar and building material from January through March of last year. The purchase of all commodities, other than sugar and building materials, showed a substantial gain this year over the 1951 figures. The sugar supply for the Commissary Division is bought on a contract basis and no local suppliers entered bids during the early part of this fiscal year, although the stock for the present quarter is being supplied locally. No Heavy Stockpiling Now The drop of nearly $80,000 in the purchase of building materials was influenced by two factors. The Storehouse Division was stockpiling these materials early last year for the building program. No heavy stockpiling is being done at present since two of the largest building contractors this year elected to make their own purchases under an elective clause in the construction contracts. While no figures on these purchases by contractors in the local markets are available to the Canal, it is believed probable that building materials are being bought in much heavier quantities this year than last because of the greatly expanded building program. There was an increase of more than $50,000 in the purchase of materials in PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS {Continued from page 14) Kenneth G. Taylor, from Policeman, Police Division, to Guard, Locks Division. PERSONNEL BUREAU Loron B. Burnham, from Employee Relations Assistant to Employee Counsellor, Employment and Utilization Division. RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU John F. Droste, from Auto Repair Machinist, Motor Transportation Division, to Auto Repair Machinist, Terminals Division. Richard H. Harper, from Policeman, Police Division, to Auto Repair Machinist, Terminals Division. Marion E. Taake, from Policeman, Police Division, to Cribtender Gauger and Foreman, Terminals Division. Robnett B. I Hill, from Gauger and Steam Engineer and Foreman, Cribtender, to Steam Engineer, Terminals Division. Maxwell S. Sanders, from Steam Engineer to Relief Assistant Marine Bunkering Foreman, Terminals Division. Roy W. Perkins, from Assistant Relief Marine Bunkering Foreman, to Assistant Marine Bunkering Foreman, Terminals Division. Fred W. O'Rourke, from Assistant Marine Bunkering Foreman to Marine Bunkering Foreman, Terminals Division. Panama in the third quarter of this fiscal year over that of last year in the various categories other than sugar and building materials. The following figures, in round numbers, show the amount of purchases for the two third quarters: January March Meat products... $180,000 Siss.niwi Fruit and vegetables l",oihi 37,000 Other agricultural products.. 10,000 12,000 Other food products 4,000 9,000 Beverages... 26,000 35,000 Sugar and alcohol 55,000 2,000 Forest products.... 13,000 30,000 Industrial products 115,000 63,000 Miscellaneous supplies.... 83,000 99,000 Totals... $521,000 $475,000 The following table shows total purchases for the first 9 months of the fiscal years 1951 and 1952: July I950 July 1951Mar. /
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16 THEJ>ANAMA r CANAL REVIEW June 6, 1952 New Apprentice Course Begins In July g POTENTIAL APPP.EXTIC'ES in the Canal's apprentice training program are shown here taking the apprenticeship examination administered by 0. A. Dubbs, Training Officer. Successful candidates will start in July four-year training courses in nine crafts in the Canal organization. Sixteen apprentices in the Canal organization will start in July four-year training programs leading to qualification as journeymen in 10 crafts. The apprenticeship examination, the results of which form the register from which the 16 apprentices will be chosen, was given to 41 applicants on May 10. The test, which is given annually in May, was administered by C. A. Dubbs, Training Officer, and B. G. Mauzy, Assistant Training Officer. The apprenticeships to be established this year will be in the following crafts and Canal units: Industrial Bureau: Three machinists, two combination welders, and one boatbuilder. Electrical Division: Four wiremen, two cablesplicers and one automatic-telephone switchman. Commissary Division: One refrigeration-service mechanic. Printing Plant: One printer and one offset pressman. Results of the apprenticeship examination serve as an aid to the employing officer in the units in which apprentices are to be appointed. The pattern of tests is made up of: The Otis Test of Mental Ability; the Bennett Test of Mechanical Comprehension; the O'Rourke Test of Mechanical Aptitude; the Purdue Industrial Classification Test; the Minnesota Test of Spatial Relations; a manipulative exercise; and a test of numerical ability. Last year 24 apprentices were appointed from among 71 applicants taking the test. Applicants must be high school graduates between the ages of 172 and 23. Five of the six who ranked highest on this year's examination were under 18 years of age and the same five were all from the Atlantic side of the Isthmus. The results of the examination form only one of the bases on which applicants are chosen for the apprenticeships. The applications which go to the employing officers in the various units also include the standard Form 57 United States ( lovernment application, the applicant's high school and college transcripts, and recommendations from school authorities. The four-year training program includes practical shop experience and classroom work, under the general direction of Philip Green, Industrial Training Coordinator. The classes, taught by Mr. Green, are very much the same for all apprentices during the first year of training, with less time but more individualized instruction as they become more specialized. The amount of classroom work varie3 for the different trades but amounts to something like 500 to 850 hours in the four years of training. The times and periods for class work also vary considerably for different trades and at different periods of the training but are frequently given one day weekly. Colon, Cristobal Police Praised For Joint Patrol Resolutions of commendation for their part in maintaining the joint police patrol which has operated successfully in the New Cristobal area for the past year were made last month by the Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council to Maj. Pastor Ramos of the Colon Police and Capt. John Fahnestock of the Cristobal Police. Colon and Canal Zone police share the motor patrol which operates in this area on a 24-hour a day basis. Major Ramos' commendation was delivered to him by Edward D. White, Jr., President of the Cristobal Margarita Council, in the presence of Col. Richardson Selee, Civil Affairs Director, and Maj. George Herman, Chief of the Canal Zone Police. The commendation for Captain Fahnestock was sent to the Governor who forwarded it to Captain Fahnestock with an accompanying congratulatory note. In November 1904, the Isthmian Canal Commission's employees on the Isthmus numbered 3,500. In November 1905, they totaled approximately 17,000. New Military Assistant To Governor HH I.T. (' IL. W. W. SMITH. JR., (left) has arrived on the Isthmus to take up his duties as Military Vssdstant to the Governor. He will suec I Lt. Qol. Marvin L. Jacobs, (right), who has been assigned as Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Rose Polytechnic Institute in Indiana. Colonel Smith, before coming to the Isthmus, had been on the Staff and faculty of the Engineer School at Fort Belvoir, \ irginia He arrived on the Isthmus last month, accompanied by his wife and their three children.