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Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00100
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: May 1952
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
System ID: UF00097366:00100
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text
. - -


of the Panama Canal Museum

CANAL a


Vol. 2, No. 10 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, MAY 2, 1952 5 cents


GREATEST


SHIFT


OF


HIGH


CANAL


PERSONNEL


SINCE


1907


SLATED


NEXT


FEW


WEEKS


Both Toi

Leave

During


3


Officials


organizationn


This


Month


More personnel changes as
a result of retirements or
changes of assignment will take
place in the immediate future
among top administrative offi-
cers of the Panama Canal
Company and Canal Zone Gov-
ernment than in any similar
period since April 1907. Those


FREQUENT CONFERENCES have been the rule during the past few years for Governor New-
comer and Lieutenant Governor Vogel. The picture above, taken in the Governor's office, is a familiar
pose as the Canal's top executives study problems of far-reaching consequences. No period in the Canal's
history since its opening in 1914 have been fraught with more vexing problems.


Studied


Consideration will be given by the
Board of Directors of the Panama Canal
Company to the removal of one of the
Panama Linn venseais frnm service. as a


Operations Under Study
Operations of the Panama Line have
been under study now for several months.
The sthdv was initiated hv Governor


changes took place when
eral new members of the
mian Canal Commission


office and Col. George
thals was appointed
charge of the construct
Topmost in the long list of'
are to leave the organization


Governor


Newcomer


,


Governor Herbert D. V
be the first time since
Canal organization was f
two highest officials have
ization at the same time.
Thure bureau directors
leave the service within


weeks.
W. Rice,
Dunlop,
Robert Mv


These ar
Health
Finance
1. Peach


nd
ogel
the
orn
lef
are


sev-
Isth-
took
Goe-
take


ion work.
officials who
shortly are
Lieutenant
1. This will
permanent
led that the
t the organ-
.to retire or


the next


e: Maj. Gen. Ge
Director; Willian
Director; and (
er, Marine Direct


few
eorge
nH.
apt.
or.


Panama


Line


Service


With

May !


Two


Board


Of
Ships

Meeting





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2, 1952


record


Number


Of


Students


Graduating


From


Secondary


Schools


In


Canal


Zone


Caps andc
scholarship
more young
fore.


B
uati
Jun


Sgowns
will bi
Canal


stately symbols of
worn this year by
onians than ever be-


between May 31 when the first grad-
e steps up to receive his diploma, and
o 8 when the last recessional is played,
young men and women will have
nod robes and mortarboards to indi-
c to the world that they have passed
important educational milestone.
'his year's commencement ceremonies
mark more than one "first" or "big-


gest" in local graduations. Here are a
few:
The total number of graduates from the
four high schools and the two junior col-


leges i
larger
La
with 1
tional
gradu
The
uated
The
Junior
at con
the La


1 i


1 t - -I


s larger than ever before, an1 iu
than last year;
Boca Occupational High School,
42 seniors, and Silver City Occupa-
High School, with 115, have more
rates than ever before; and
class of 1952 is the first to be grad-
from the La Boca Junior College.


graduation garb of their own manufacture.
For a number of years the Canal Zone


schools rented caps an
establishments which
sort of thing. But the
because of the time an
Several years ago
bought their own cap
small rental fee cha
takes care of the cost
ance on the garment


commence
necessary
When
uated fro
1949, the
own caps
gray pop1
year by


ements,
*


d gowns from States
specialize in that
process was clumsy
d distance involved.
the white schools
)s and gowns. The
urged each student
s of cleaning, insur-
its stored between


and replacements,


he first classes were to
m the local rate high s
students themselves m
and gowns from a fine
in. A few more are m
tailoring and home e


be grad-
chools in
ade their
grade of
ade each
economics


classes, as the number of graduates in-
creases. Diplomas for all the schools are
printed at the Printing Plant at Mount
Hope.
First Graduation In 1911


The number of this


550, is a v
both young
Canal Zone
first two gr
Stevens of
Johnson of
ment exerci
the night of


C,


year's


graduates,


ast difference from the two,
women, who received the first
high school diplomas. The
aduates, Blanche Marguerite
Gorgona and Maria Elise
Gatun, had their commence-
ses at the Gatun Clubhouse
June 30, 1911. The speaker


was Maurice Thatcher.


At that time there were 50 students in
the high school. The main school was
then at Gatun but, (See page 3)


40 upper classmen of the La Boca
College will receive their diplomas
mencement exercises to be held at
Boca theater the morning of May


31. Forty-eight students started with this
class; four have withdrawn and four have
still some courses to complete.
Commencement Schedule
A schedule of the commencement activ-
ities, with the schools listed alphabeti-
cally, showed that baccalaureate and grad-
uation exercises will extend from May 25
through June 8.
BALBOA HIGH SCHOOL, which has a sen-
ior class of 172, will hold its baccalaureate
June 1 at the Diablo Heights Theater.
Commencement exercises will take place
the evening of June 3 at the Balboa
theater.
The CANAL ZONE JUNIOR COLLEGE has
24 students in its graduating class, the
same number as in the first class of 1935.
Both its baccalaureate and commence-
ment ceremonies will be held at the
Diablo Theater, baccalaureate onlJune 1,
and commencement on the morning of
June 3.
CRISTOBAL HIGH SCHOOL will hold both
haroallnuroaat and oradnantinn exercisesfor


GIRLS TAKE HONORS at Cristobal High School in the traditional pattern for local
graduating classes.
The Cristobal honor graduates-who will'receive their'diplomas June2'in the commencement
ceremony at the high school auditorium are, left to right: Ncel McGinn, Martha Graham, Nellie
Holgerson, Elena Lee, Jacqueline Boyle, Yolanda Diez, and Francisco Wong.


. . . . .
- .. -





May 2,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Governor


Newcomer


The


Employees


Appears A

Employee


Last


Conference


When I arrived in the Canal Zone in May
1944 we were in the midst of a great war,
both in point of time and in point of geo-
graphical location.


No one who was here during


In his last Governor-Employee confer-
ence before his expected departure from
the Canal Zone, Governor F. K. New-
comer last month:
Attempted to dispel employee apprehen-
sion over coming administrative changes,
discussed civil defense at some length,
commented on the duties of a Comptroller
for the Panama Canal Company, and
touched briefly on a number of other sub-
jects, including housing, the Goethals
Memorial, school bus transportation, and
some health problems.
The first question was introduced by
Rufus Lovelady, President of Lodge 14
of the AFGE, who asked the Governor if
he could predict what the "future por-
tends" and point out that employees have
a "growing sense of apprehension as to


what is going to happen."
The Governor answered


will ever forget the steady
ships and carriers and
and transports, and sup
passed back and forth
through the Canal.


stream
cruiser
ply sh


The work which the men
and women in the Canal
Zone did in those busy
and important days has
been described, and rightly,
as a major contribution
toward the Allied victory.
After the end of the war


was


a lt


t-down in


those days
Sof battle-
s, tankers
ips which


* * w *pB ^ il-r ^
* - .
-- a
.
^^* -a j�tu�4- **


that rather indefinable
thing called morale, which
might also be called esprit.
That was true not only
here but in the United


States


that while


some recent developments had been
"completely unexpected as far as we here
are concerned," he was certain that there
was no need for apprehension. He added
that while he has only a casual acquaint-
ance with Brig. Gen. John S. Seybold,
nominated April 16 as the next Governor,
he is certain that the incoming Governor
"will have the interests of the Canal at
heart."
Discussing persistent rumors of a mass
turnover of officials, Governor Newcomer
summarized these- the resignation of the
Finance Director and the retirements of
the Health and Marine directors and
added that these "have nothing to do
with the situation or any reorganization."
Comptroller-Staff Position
The position of Comptroller which is
being established, the Governor said, will
create a staff position in which policies of
auditing and accounting will be made,
while the position of Finance Director
will be that of an operating head. Among
the Comptroller's duties will be evalua-
tion of the Company's physical assets and
formation of procedures by which the
budget can be set up annually.
During a somewhat lengthy general dis-
cussion on civil defense, the Governor


and in other


,If the world


At the same time


it became


necessary


to begin a long-delayed internal realignment
of functions of the Panama Canal. It so
happened that the preliminary steps of this
reorganization came as we were cutting our
force down from the war-end strength of
about 31,000 toward our present force of
some 18,000.
A period of reduction of force is not
easy, either for those required to do the
cutting down or those who are losing their
jobs.
In addition, the shipping slump which
followed the end of the war caused a drop
in our main business, that of putting the
ships through the Canal from one ocean to
another, and in the associated business


Record Number Of Students Graduating
From Secondary Schools In Canal Zone
(Continued from pjge 2) to accommodate a
small number of students on the Pacific
side, a branch high school for the fresh-
man year only had been opened in Ancon
the previous year.
The Gatun school, from which Miss
Stevens and Miss Johnson graduated in


1911, was not the first of the Canal
high schools. During the school


of repair and supply.
working in what was
Mechanical Division we


The C(ongress
that the Conm-


elf-sup-
stipu-
of the
e could


My associates and I
have found that the major-
ity of you have an under-
standing of the problems
with which we have had
to deal in these years of
change. That the transi-


tion hE
smoothly as it has is la
efforts and attitude.


as been made
rgly through y


This has been the most exacting and
the most interesting service of my career
and it is with regret that I must leave it.
I do so, however, with confidence that you
will give my successor your loyal and steady
support. You have a remarkable tradition
behind you and a future with great possi-
bilities ahead of you.
Mrs. Newcomer and I expect to depart
on May 9. Our future plans are uncertain.
One thing which is certain is that many,
many times in the years to come our thoughts
will turn to the Canal Zone and our asso-
ciates and friends of the past eight years.


7-7C


Governor


ing at the foot of the Administration
Building steps not far from the site of
the present Balboa elementary school. A
branch high school with two years of
courses continued to operate in Cristobal.
Meantime the number of graduates was
steadily increasing. There were two grad-
uates in 1911; five in 1912; seven min 1913;
nine in 1914; 11 in 1915; and 16 in 1916.
Mrs. Francis Feeney of Diablo has a
double distinction; she is the only member
a s.* 9- Lm� -- -l-iw- -� Il l - -v ^v - . - I, r,.<- Lr wvq*


,-


Many
then


of the
called


re terminated


the bulk of those who remained were trans-
ferred to Cristobal. Coincidentally we
faced steadily rising costs.


A
Congr


little less than two years ago the
ess passed the law which created the
Panama Canal Company
and the Canal Zone Gor-


eminent.
stipulated


* pany must be s
porting. It also
lated what share
Company's expense
be borne by tolls.





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2,


1952


Governor


Officially


After


Names


Rainbow


Vote


City


Residents


Overwhelming


rmr> .
< . 4r . .


and their young


son, Dickie, plan to sail


on the Panama liner lea
The appointment to the of
ant Governor is made by
subject to approval by
of the Army and no ann
been made as to Colonel V4
Captain Peacher is to
United States Navy at ti
and has received orders
temporary duty in New


. ,++


ving
fice of
'the (
the
ounces
)gel's s
retire
hie end


May 23.
Lieuten-
Governor
Secretary
ment has
successor.
from the
Sof June


to report for
York by June


23. He is to be succeeded as Marine
Director by Capt. Marvin J. West, now


MRS. ALFRED WILLIAMS, who lives in one of the new houses min Silver City, receives her
ballot from Rudolph Ranger, ninth grader in the Silver City Junior High School and member of Troop
12 of the International Boy Scouts. The Scouts handled the distribution and collection of ballots
by which the Atlantic side community voted for an official name for their town.
Mrs. Williams' next-door neighbor, Percy Antonio Samuels, Jrn, 5, looks on with interest as the
Scout explains the purpose of the voting.


The name of Silver City, including
Camp Coiner, will be changed to Rainbow
City.
By an overwhelming majority, resi-
dents of the area chose the most colorful
of six names offered for voting and
Governor Newcomer has issued a circular
officially designating the area Rainbow
City. The change in names was made
an~oobtr 1aif 1


they were distri
national Boy Sc
The voting fo
Zone's largest
sponsored by
REVIEW with


Internation
were distr
collected t
and Sailf.rd


al
ihb


bute
outr
rthe
civil
THE
the


Boy
ited A


d by the five Inter-
Troops.
name of the Canal
an community was
PANAMA CANAL
cooperation of the
Scouts. The votes
.nril 17 and were


he following Friday afternoon
nv mnrninTo'


Chief of the Navigation
Port Captain, Balboa. C
tio Lincoln, who is now on
Francisco as Operations C
Military Sea Transport Ser
assigned to duty with t]
Port Captain in Balboa.
General Rice To R
General Rice, who also
S. . �. .


Division
captain H
duty in
officerr of
vice, has t
he Canal


etire


is to retire


from active service this year, plans to
leave the Isthmus within about three
months. He expects an assignment to
duty in Washington until his retirement


at the
ment ha
Mr. I


end of
is been
)unlop


October. No
made as to his
plans to retire fi


announce-
successor.
rom Canal


service at the end of May. Since the
Finance Director is a general officer of
the Company his successor must be
elected by the Board of Directors.
Colonel Hesner will retire from the
Canal service early next month and his
successor has not been appointed.


Colonel Jacobs
-.. . - - n .. ---- .


will complete a three-
,:LA-UiL. rfL-.. : - T,,.,-


Greatest Shift Of Top Canal Personnel
Since 1907 Slated In Few Weeks
(Continued from page 1) Brig. Gen.
John S. Seybold has been nominated by
President Truman as Governor and his
appointment, as this edition of THE
CANAL REVIEW went to press, was
awaiting confirmation by the Senate.
Governor and Mrs. Newcomer plan to
leave the Isthmus May 9 since he plans
to attend the next meeting of the Board
of Directors of the Panama Canal Com-
pany scheduled to be held this month in
Washington.
Lieutenant Governor Vogel has been
assigned to duty as Division Engineer
of the Corps of Engineers' Southwest
Division with headquarters in Dallas,
Tex. This division comprises Engineer
Districts in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas,
and New Mexico. He and Mrs. Vogel






May 2,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


AND


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


OFF


THE


JOB


ACCIDENTS


Safety o
the I'nited
man's life
value than
on the Isth
day when
Chinaman
during the
Railroad."
This pro,
but is the
tion bv the


with the fin
business tha
ally increase
A\s compe
matter of
safety in o0
minimum.
studying wa
still further
the job, cau
"olfT-the-job
It can be


which keeps
unexpected
additional c
or another.
as well as
becoming t
companies t


n the job has progressed far in
States from that day when a
or limb was considered of less
the "off horse" of a team. Here
mus, it is even farther from that
it was said, without reason, "a
was buried under every cross-tie
building of the old Panama


gress
result
hartn


al r
t ace


* about
fe and
working


realization
idents are


easily,
educa-
g man,


by indtistry
expensive, a


ng the costs of production.
tition became keener, it was a
good management to promote
rder to keep these costs to a
Now industry and business are
ys and mans to cut these losses
by reducing time lost from
ised by their employees having
" accidents.
easily seen now that anything
an employee away from his job
y, is a loss of service and an
ost to the employer in one form
This of course, includes sickness
accidents. Therefore, it is also
he practice of the progressive
o provide health education and


periodic inspections, with hospitalization
when needed, for the employee aind his
family.
It might be asked, "Why include an em-
ployee's family in any off-the-job accident
and health preventitive measures?" This is
because it is being realized more and more
that accidents on the job can happen to a
valuable and usually careful employee, when
his mind is concerned with his family and


HONOR ROLL
Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
March


CIVIL


AFFAIRS


BUREAU


AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEA
Community Services---------------
Industrial -------------------------
Civil Affairs.--------------------
Engineering and Construction .. .-
Health...... ...........---------------------------
Marine-------------------------
Railrnad and Terminals _ . _ _


R


not oi nlls
to this wo
down in hi
cents loss
Early in
Canal the
value of
family, if i
accomplish
on down
enjoy prol
munity of
Since the
amply pr
largest fa


V
)r
Is


(ork. Even if no
"ed employee ln
production, that


to the comp
the constr
original phi
health for t
the digging o
hed. That a
to this day
)ably better
similar size
health prob
ovided for
ctor which


any.
action
liners
he em[
if the C
attitude
and wt
health
in the
lem ha
here,
keeps


from work can be classified u
of "off-the-job" accidents.
I underr this title accidents
three large subdivisions: Traffi
Other, where "Other" covers
such as recreation, shopping,
ployment. An employee and
considered "on the job" if th


working, and the children
There, their activities are be
and their safety is constant
sidered. The problem then
done to prevent accidents di
when the employee and his
their own.


It is evident that
either going somewhe
of recreation; or just
home while dinner is
is the picture of what
as presented by the
cil. Considering acci(
traffic accidents now
the biggest killer an
dents in the home ta
Among children fn
dental death in the h
40 percent, motor ve


h
re
p


accident
it only
is a doll


occurs
slow-
rs aind


of the Panama


recognize


d the


under the


occur under
c, Home, and
all activities
and self-em-
his family are
te wife is also
re in school.
ng supervi ed
yIv being con-
s what can be
ring the times
family are on


or his
tijoying
ering a


being prei
happens t
National S
dents in all
head the
d crippler
king second
om 1 to 14
ome leads
vehicles 34


other accidents 26 percent. The next
group, 14 to 19 years, is more on the r
experimenting with speed, thus motor
cles become over four times more danger
for them than for the younger group.
because this group can now have the
ily car, they spend less time at home
more time in various violent recreation
home accidents for this group drop to
place.
"Safety education," says the Kansas
Board of Health, "has become by far
greatest health need." The Board rea


movee
vehi-
erous
Also,
fam-
and


State
r our
iches


this coT
Student
1950-51
school c


iclusion
Accide
h In th
children


I a study
Report for
report, dea
the 5 to 19


all causes, are as
caused frim accide
various diseases, ;
Causes.


If this si
safety for
to their el'
a good exa
Reports
>such an ex
the opport
safety in
present a
safety tha
ginning to
Automo
oUs every
provemlent
mobile tal


statement
our chili
dters, whi
mple in
indicate
ample.
unity tc
play, and
far diffe
n shown
show u


of the
the scho
th rates
year ag


Kansas
ol year
among
e group


-: 48 pe
percent
percent


1 be made concerning
i, what is happening
would be setting them
ty?
t they are not setting


I
*r

p
P


in high
nl/ ove


Here
learn
around
-ent pi
above,
their
becomem
h les'
vays a
first


children a
safety in
d the hon
cture in 4
and they
elders.
ling more


correspo
nd with
place as


cause of accidents a few safet
might be helpful.
just plain common ordinary
respect for the rights of others,
way, can do more to prevent tra
than any other one thing we <


have all been r
us have in turi
"highway main
meeting, and y
Whenever we
for the complete
seems TIS occur
behind the steec
maybe we can
les, wanton, a
A gentleman
or excuse hims
a lady in his h


rude tf
building
gets be
revert
crowd
tic or o
sharply
light;
section
you on
living
you do
(Note


) otrner
g. But
hind th
back t
you fro
nI a cur
: in ah
steal t
, fail t
t and n
drayligh
?-ves,


for the


udely
been
ers,"
elding
unco\
e chan
vhen a


s a
whe
e wh
o th
m be
ve; p
lead
he ri
o sig
nany
ts ot


e, they
accident
are be-


the chief
reminders


tesy or
e high-
cidents
o. W'e


treated, and many of
rude to others in our
particularly in passing,
the right-of-way.
ver the reason or cause
ige in personality that
Sman (or woman) gets
heel of an auttomobile,
remedy for this need-


criminal
1 step a
before p\
. He \\
a part
n this s
eel of h
e "darl
hind; pr
)ush yo
of you


l daily slaughter.


of-way
stop s
s just
you.


we kn


ladies-this


Sat
udd
plain
The
cuss


group


en a door,
in front of
push or be
Sa public
entleman"
e seems to
He will
heavy traf-
Sroad; cut
the traffic
an inter-
enly; cuss
n scare the
n what do
him back.
is not ex-


clusively male).


Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Mao-Hours Worked
(Frequency Rale)


family, i,
some sort
round the


pared. This
o them then,
afety Coun-
age groups,
list as being
With acci-
d place.
years, acci-
the list with
percent , and


MARCH 1952


i


I
^
I


, w
la


I
I


ow-v-ou


[


I





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2,


1952


Quarters


For


Biggest,


Smallest


Families


Planned


In


Current


Building


Program


DETAIL PLAN
D _LCALS Y.A

BACHELOR APARTMENTS for the Canal's single men and women employees will be built accord-
ing to new floor plans. The sketch above gives an idea of the apartments which will be built 17 to an
apartment house, as part of the current quarters replacement program.


C^


-- - j ^- - i f - 111111111111111 11 - 1 1 ^ 11111 1 h i - - i ii~i iiiii - iiiiii iiin ...* *


projected, would b
ground apartment ]
entrances. Each b
apartments, six to
occupying the spac
the ground floor.
A porch, of the o


e three-story, on-the-
hiouses, with three main
building would have 17
a floor, with a laundry
e of one apartment on
)pen balcony type run-


ing the full width of each


page 8)


U.S.ATE BACH. PMi.
NUMBER OF UNITS 35
AREA OF UMIT 275 *'
TOTAL UAIT AREA 9.,20 *'
SA BVicE AREA s,6o/ *'
TOTAl B) D0 iDEA 13.220 *'


NEW


COMPTROLLER


BACHELOR ROOMS, which are also to be provided in the long range housing program, will have
space for transients, temporary employees or those who do not care for an entire single apartment. This
architect's drawing gives an idea of the outside appearance of one of the rooming houses.


Provisions are being made in the cur-
rent housing program for the largest and


Several years ago a 12-family building
in Diablo Heights was converted to a


a * fl - -


gram, it is believed that adequate living
space can be provided for those families
who require large quarters.
And The Smallest Households
At the other end of the family scale
are the bachelors who want either small
apartments or single rooms.
The overall program for U. S.-rate
bachelor quarters is presently under
study. Some of the present bachelor
apartment buildings in good condition
will be retained. The new bachelor apart-
ments will be located in the Ancon-Balboa
area and in Margarita.
In addition to these bachelor apart-
ments, the program also includes the con-
struction of a number of bachelor rooming
houses, with some already in existence
and in good condition to be retained.
Many of the existing bachelor quarters,
either apartments or rooms, are consid-
ered to be inadequate and of substandard
design. These are in frame buildings of
temporary construction. A majority of
the new housing for bachelors, in the
U. S.-rate communities, will be of the
apartment type.
A preliminary sketch of a floor plan for
one of these apartments accompanies this
story.
17-Apartment Buildings
t The bachelor apartment buildings, as






May 2, 1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


PANAMA CANAL


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Printing Plant
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
F. K. NEWCOMER, Governor-President


VOGEL, Lieutenant Governor


E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary
J. RUFus HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MCILHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those of sufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.


SUBSCRIPTIONS-$1.00 a


SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
publication date.
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-10cents each


BACK COPIES-10O


cents


On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights.
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to the Editor, THE
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights,
C.Z.


COMMUNITY CHEST MEETING

IS SCHEDULED FOR TONIGHT


THE ARCH of a lock control house frames the Voice of America's floating radio transmitter ship as
the vessel makes its way down the Canal to Balboa. The ship, an unusual feature of which was its radio
aerial supported by a baby blimp, remained in local waters for several weeks.


Camp Bierd has been a ghost settlement
since the end of February when the last of
its residents moved to new houses in Silver
City. In the near future, this housing area
will disappear completely. Its 44 remaining
buildings have been sold and will be de-
mlished.
Camp Bierd has housed local rate Canal
and Railroad employees since 1907, when
barracks were built there on the site of an
old magazine which was used to store brick.
Its name, which probably "just grew,
also probably came from \V. G. Bierd, gen-
eral manager for the Panama Railroad in
Colon at the time the original barracks were
built for laborers. Many of the buildings
later were converted to family quarters.


Young Joe which was tied up at Balboa
about two weeks for minor repairs.
The total crew of 22 included scientists
from Belgium, Germany, and France. From
the Canal Zone the Young Joe was to go
to the Perlas Islands for fishing, then back
to Panama before returning to Europe.


Two more large lots of scrap salvaged
by the Canal organization were sold in
April. Three successful bidders bought
one lot of 2,998 net tons of ferrous
scrap at a total purchase price of $81,-
143.39. A lot of 430,742 pounds of non-
ferrous scrap was sold to six other pur-
chasers for $96,004.97. The scrap will
* . ..* -4 tTrT -^ A n--A_ t.*.**


OF CURRENT INTEREST


H.D.


.. _ _ 1




THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2,1952


'A NA MA


Goes


To


A


CANAL


Police


RE VIE W


Pistol


Shoot


The Canal Zone police have one big day
each year. The two Police Balls which are
annual affairs are night-time events, of
(course.
But the big daytime affair is the annual


pistol shoot which is held near the end of
the dry season, the location alternating
between Balboa and Cristobal.
This year the Cristobal police played
host (and impolitely won the first three


prizes) at Police Park near Brazos Brook.
A police photographer got a temporary
press card as a for-the-day representative
of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, and took
the pictures which illustrate this story.
Although this year's scores were well
below those of last year, and it may well
be many years before anyone can equal
Peter Proback's perfect score of 200 made
last year, the shooting was still good
enough to give any potential law-breakers
reason to stop and think before they
tangle with the police pistol experts.
Seventy police officers qualified by
making scores of 150 or better in the pre-
liminary firing. Forty-seven of the 70


participated in the shoot.
Tying for first prize


SOME WATCHED, like Maj. Pastor Ramcs, chief of the Colon police, center, and Lt. Col. K. K.
Kolster, Atlantic Sector Provost Marchal, right, who sat with Police District Commander, John M.
Fahnestock min the beautiful bohio, Rancho Ramcs.


were Floyd A.


Robinson, of the Cristobal Station, and
Cristobal License Examiner Paul S. Stew-
art. Their score was 183. Mr. Robinson,
however, was awarded first prize because
his score on the bobbing target was higher
than that of his opponent. Such settle-
ment of tie scores is provided for in the
rules for the shoot.
Close behind them was Grady B. Har-
dison, a winner of two previous shoots.
He turned in a final score of 181. He is
stationed at Margarita.
The range board for the shoot was made
up of Lt. Eugene Shipley, Sgt. Jack F.
Morris, and Policeman Henry DeRaps.
As at all police pistol shoots, the women
folks and small fry turned out by the


dozens.
kept an
men w4
shop.
After
well an
which


SOME WON, like Policeman Floyd A. Robinson who is being congratulated here by Jack Ward,
president of the Cristobal Gun Club. Mr. Ward presented the winner with the .38 S&W revolver. Maj.


Th
ieye
ere o


e women sat and talked and
on the youngsters while their
n the firing range or talking


Sit was all over, everyone ate,
d at length, of some very fine food
had been prepared by the best


cooks on the police force. Hubert W.
Jarman, a former policeman now with the
Industrial Bureau, lent his talent to sup-
ervise the beef barbecue.
Rivalry between the two police districts
is as high when it comes to turning out a
tasty meal as it is on the firing range.
I 4"" n*-n�dt 4*i r vm lh I rtb n 4/inb i , iil~�l S






May 2,


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Employees Are Reminded
To Designate Beneficiary

A reminder that designation of bene-


ficiaries


by Company-Government em-


ployees may save their survivors both
time and money was made recently bv


James


Marshall,


of the Postal,


Customs and Immigration Division. He
is in charge of probate of estates of em-
ployees who die intestate.
An Executive Order provides that upon


the death of an emp


compensation


for all of his accumulated and current
leave shall be paid in a lump sum, upon


the establishment of
provided by law.


According


to an


a valid claim


amendment to


Canal Zone Code, approved August 10,
1949, this payment shall be made first


to the beneficiary,


or beneficiaries,


any, lawfully designated by the employee
under the retirement act applicable to
his service (Civil Service Retirement
Act), or to the estate if the employee


has not designated


a beneficiary.


Forms on which beneficiaries may be
designated are available at the Retire-


ment I
nations


Desk, I
made


personnel


Bureau.


Desig-


to September


1950, are no longer in effect.
Payment to the beneficiary is immedi-


Mr. Marshall


survivor,


through


SPayment
the estate,


necessarily delayed because of the time


needed


for probate.


In addition,


Public Administrator who handles such
estates is required to charge a fee for
his work.


Ten


ears


Ago


April


A lot of


Meats Get
New


meats


werein
The
tr h e
triimni'


Treatment poultry


are prepac


Stora


kaged


now that
before.
ages of


f,


lamnb,


Vyo buuv


(aXeSC


aIssetm-


smaller commissaries
tily lines.
The prepackaging


new machinetry-saws,


ers, conveyor


devices-at the Cold


Omnulissa rv


Prepackaging means this to customers:


1) well-trimmed


trim or waste,
for cooking;
2) cuts that
ni quality and


retail


that need


cuts, with no
"ss preparation


are pretty much the


appearance


day, anil tomorrow and
to the next;


i) savings
tomners who c


out of


a case already


same


yesterday, to-
In one package


cut, trinuned,


weighed, priced, and wrapped; and
4) meats that are handled under the


most sanitary


conditions.


Prepackaged meats (except for


products such


as dried beef,


from the time the-


plant locker
the stores.
Pliofilnm


leave


rooms


has a lot of


a
h


the co


sausage
re frozen
1 storage


give." It


grid-


PIlant of the


was


can be
)r tears.


chosen for the wrappings because it
pushed a long way before it breaks o


These meats


Pork-Pork chops, including loin, rib,


and end cut;


spare


pound rolls; smoked ham butts and
liver; ham hocks; skinless link sat


smoked
steaks;


and unsmoked; ham
pastrami; ham loaf; and


and knuckles.
Beef-Tenderloins;


hamburger


Third Locks and the work on them were


still important 10 years


On April 22


word came from Washington that the Pan
Construction and Materials Corporation
had submitted alow bid of $81,849,376 for
the new locks to be built at Miraflores and
Pedro Miguel.
Ten days earlier, Samuel Rosoff, head
of the Rosoff Panama Construction Com-
pany Inc., said that approximately $7,-
000,000 worth of equipment and a force
of about 3,000 men would be assembled
at Gatun to build the Atlantic side Third


steaks;


sliced driec


minute


slices;
tsages,


minute-
pigs' feet


I beef;
steaks;


liver; and cooked tongue.
Veal-Cutlets and chops, including loin
rib and shoulder; liver; tongue; and heart.
Lamb-Leg; rib; chops, loin and shoul-


Poultry-Chicken
thighs; wings; heart


Some are
ticated.
There's
comnies in
soup, ste\


trick ranges,
The clothes the little men at your house
wear all year round in the trop-
Meant for ics come from the spring and
Little Men summer lines of U. S. manufac-


Car care will be easier with a new No-


commissaries.
in a pall of


vour


ale in the
you put it
the water


chariot


sect ion '


t prepackaged
pliolim pack
ed pork, bee:
. and veal that


Now-


stores


You can try vour


at self-service meat


lima beans and ham; papaya from Costa


Rica;
good
canne
soon


can openers


and regular meat county rs of


IIow come


baked apples: and
Italians would like.


d(


on:


goo{ls


minestrone like


T hey


is possible because itl


re in some


now or are expected


cutters, slicers,


belts and automatic sealing


Mother's Day

For Mother's


givers,


gran


Division at Mount Hope.


dmamnas and


the first


lamour girls should know:


Day, Miss and be sold in tlhe
Mrs. will be in tlhe


60(-gauge


hose to


con emissaries


stores


They are 15 denier nylons-
and that's sheer -in summer shades. They
have more threads that are twisted liner


than the 51-gauge hose in the


That means they'd don
have more stretch and
and look smoother.


stores
iag as


Sl


before.
easily,


Other new wrinkles in h


that are pleated


in shopping minutes for cus-
an now pick their meat right


store.


when


Wh


e, wear better,

ose are nylons
buy them from


go away


a tit that


en you put them on, the
and the hose hug tight for


is made to flatter.


Lace and ruffles and net and nylon will
make mothers want more Mother's Days.


New slips and nightgowns in


of combinations you


have them mixed and matched in the kind


until you buy them in


give


stores


for course
Spring
will want


as gifts and want


stores.


ilf. __ __
graduates and young party girls
to see new teenage formats in the


are now prepackaged:


There are ballerina and long


ribs; bulk pork in one-


dresses.


fluffy and some are slightly sophis-

now an All-Purpose Broth that


a package ready


gravy,


seasoning,


to brew into
or stock.


Myro range and porcelain cleaner


the stores now because custo
it elsewhere told Housewares
it's a whee of a cleaner, espt


mers who used
Section people
ecially for elec-


breasts;


more in the
time of year


turers.
stores


That means there
now than at any o


sections.


1


\,


I!


/






THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2,


1952


THE


ANAMA


CANAL


HONOR


ROLL


NEXT MIONI)AY mark
C('anal construction work by t
pany's rights and properties
htahijuarters building in Pat
and women x ho came to t 1w
to help on this great project
This honor roll of the ('
past two years. When the rnl


, 4sth anniversary of the beginning of the
united States when the French Canal Com-
e transferred at a simple ceremony at its
C (ity. Of the tens df thousands of men
mus from their homes in the United States
y 53 remain in active service.
enterprise has been cut in half within the
those veterans still in service was published


in the first issue of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW in May 195(
stained 106 names.
Of the 53 still in service, the pictures of the nine who
service are published in this issue. The complete list of veteran
gives the dates they first began work on the Canal project.
ployees with unbroken service are indicated by capital letters an
*) are hdders of the famous Roosevelt Medal indicating two
of continuous construction service.


0, the


list con-


have unbroken
is shown below
Names of em-
d those marked
er more years


f



' :


1906
*Vincent G, Raymonll-December 16
1907
*Florence E. W\Villiams--March 1
1908


*Esbon S. MacSparran- Jutne
*Charles P. Morgan-October


*J. W\endell Greene-- lMay 5
Andrien Iark" Bouche- July
*John E. Ridge -October 20


I


ttARlRY


*George H. Cassell--January 29
*Raymonud B. \Ward-lJune 13
*Raymond A. Koperski- - June 27
*William R. IHowe-July 1
1911
*ERNEST C. COTTON-February 20


KKK1 *K^K -fwS< KK K
*i ***^:. ***^ /'ii.. *.
'" It / *
^ :l '* * ^ ':.*..
*a. -B.fa. /


A. COMLEY


ERNEST


C. COTTON


Lea 1
Herbe
*Charl
*GEOI
*Berna
Melvi
*Grego
*Berne


. Dugan-June 6
rt T. Souder-July 15
es Lester--August 18
RGE N. ENGELKE-September
rd \V. Mclntyre-September 28
lie L. Booz-October 2
r Gramlich-October 14
v J. Robinson-October 30


1912
Samuel J. Deavours-March 1
Gustaf R. Holmelin-March 13
*Gilbert B. Owen -March 22
Josephine R. Dennis-April 6
Harland V. Howard-April 22
*Robert W. Hutchings-April 26
*Fred Frank-June 1
George F. Miller-June 28
Alba D). Hutchings-August 19
Thomas J. Breheney- November 1
George C. Orr-December 5
ARTHUR MORGAN -December 16


(GEORGE


IENGELKE


LEON 1. HALLETT


Otto A. Sundquist-January 15
Bernard J. McDaid-February 19
Leonidas H. Morales H.-March 1
ADAM S. MILLER-April 14
David \V. Ellis-June 11
Arthur J. Farrell-June 28
Edward P. W\Valsh-July 1
Otto C. Frick -July 2
Robert I. Barnes-July 3
EMMETT ZEMER-July 10
HARRY A. COMLEY-July 14
Harold P. Bevington- August 16
Eric E. Forsman-November 4
WALTER W. WHITE--November
Bert G. Tydeman-November 22
- - * * Tr� r--* I 1-V 4


a.





May 2,1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Governor


Newcomer"


Four- Y


ear


erm


Notable


For


Far


-Reaching


Changes


The tenth Governor of the Canal Zone
will end his four-year tour of duty on
May 19. The past four years have un-
doubtedly been marked with more far-
reaching changes than the term of any
of his predecessors in office.
Barely a month after Governor Francis
Koster Newcomer took the oath of office
on May 20, 1948, the United States
Congress approved an act to incorporate
the Panama Railroad Company under the
Government Corporation Control Act.
This was the beginning of various
legislative and administrative actions
which were climaxed last July 1 when the
Panama Railroad Company and The
Panama Canal operations were consoli-
dated into a Government-owned corpor-
ation-The Panama Canal Company-
and the governmental functions of The
Panama Canal became the Canal Zone
Government.
This consolidation and incorporation,
however, was preceded by an extensive
internal rearrangement of various of
the Canal activities, grouping like opera-
tions together under newly created
Bureaus which replaced the Departments
of earlier days.
This incorporation was in accordance
with a bill which became law September
26, 1950, with the effective date of the
change last July 1. The law created
the Panama Canal Company "for the
purpose of maintaining and operating the
Panama Canal and of conducting busi-
ness operations incident to such main-
tenance and operation and incident to
the civil government of the Canal Zone."
Company Must Sustain ItselfJ
This law required that the Company
be self-sustaining and that it must pay
the net cost of the Canal Zone Govern-
ment, under which were placed civil
governmental functions, including sani-
tation and public health.
The process of converting the compli-
cated financial structure from a system
of government accounting to a system
of corporate accounting is still in progress.
This involves setting up books such as
a private corporation keeps of its profits
and losses rather than the usual govern-
mental system of simnlv accounting for


the Board of Directors. Only one Board
meeting has been held in the Canal Zone.
Quarters Program Started
Aside from the reorganization and
incorporation, the single most important
project during Governor Newcomer's
term has been the inauguration and
development of a long-awaited and much-
needed housing replacement program.
When the program is finally completed
in fiscal year 1956, close to $S0,000,000
will have been spent to replace obsolete
and sub-standard quarters.
Also of major importance was the
return by the President of civilian con-
trol of the Canal Zone.
Other changes, of less importance but
of interest, which have been made during
the Governor's administration follow,
more or less chronologically:
A biweekly pay plan for U. S.-rate
employees was instituted; salaries were
paid by check and pay-roll procedure is
now being mechanized.
A five-day work week was adopted,
by administration action.
Pay rates for local-rate employees
were revised and two blanket increases
given workers on local-rate rolls. Liber-
alized leave regulations for local-rate
employees were approved.
The administration officially discarded
use of the terms "Gold" and "Silver."
Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps
were established at Balboa and Cristobal
High Schools.
The Schools Division opened a Junior
College at La Boca; it will graduate its
first class this month.


The Governor requested and received
authority to establish draft boards in
the Canal Zone.
Cash replaced the long-used coupon
books in all U. S.-rate commissaries.
Congress passed legislation, sponsored
and supported by the Canal administra-
tion, to merge the Canal Zone Retirement
Act with the Civil Service Retirement
Act. A bill to provide for a much im-


proved retirement plan for local-rate
employees was drafted but has not yet
been cleared for introduction into


Congress.


Tax ExtendedTo Zone
Income tax was extended to the
Zone, for U. S.-citizen employees.
administration successfully assist
obtaining repeal of the tax mea
retroactive feature.
The Army transferred to the


Canal
The
ed in


sure's


Canal


two large tracts of land, 300 acres, near
Corozal for the local-rate town of Car-
denas and 100 acres from the post of
Corozal for U. S.-rate housing.
The Third Locks town of Cocoli was
transferred to the Navy.
A small-scale study of Civilian Defense
requirements was started but was aban-
doned last August when Congress cut off
funds for its operation. *
And while all this was going on ship-
ping was increasing steadily to such an
extent that in March of this year a new
all-time record high of 613 ocean-going


commercial vessels of over 300 tons was
reached.
There were personnel changes of im-


portance,


i.,c page 20)


> M


1<





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2,1952


Work


About


Corozal


250


Area


Family


No material delay is expected in the
Panama ('anal Co(mpany's overall hous-
ing program as a result of the abandon-
ment of the Summit townsite project
and the development of the Corozal area.
The Canal Zone Order revising the
Curundu Military Reservation and trans-
firring the land to the Canal Zone


Government has been


signed


Secretary of the Army. Approximately
100 acres have been transferred.
Plans for the new townsite develop-
ment are being completed in the Engineer-


ing Division and actual work on the
relocation of underground facilities and
other municipal work required has been
started by the Maintenance Division
forces. The latter work will be rushed
to take advantage of favorable weather
before heavy rains begin.
It is planned to have the area ready
for the construction of houses by the
next dry season.
The area to be transferred will provide
space for about 250 U. S.-rate apartments
plus a location for an elementary school.
No other community facilities, such as a
clubhouse or post office, are planned for
the area since it is located near similar
facilities in Diablo Heights and Balboa.
The exact number or type of apart-
ments to be built there will not be deter-
mined until after a complete town layout
has been prepared. Of course, not all of
the 100-odd acres will be readily usable.
The extent of grading required has not
been determined, although it is known
that it will be considerably less than
planned at Summit.


The work at the proposed Summit
townsite is to be abandoned after com-
pletion by the Maintenance Division of
that portion of the main storm sewer on
which work was already underway. This
work was well advanced when the ques-
tion of obtaining land nearer the Pacific
terminal was reopened early last month.
Sales Store To Be Island
The area transferred begins at Diablo
Crossing and includes the section known
as Diablo Terrace as far as the Albrook
Air Force Base boundary. The houses
at Diablo Terrace are to be demolished.


Will


Apartment


Rushed;

ts Planned


Collins says that the village of Corozal
was mentioned before the founding of the
new (and present) city of Panama. The
name means a field or plantation of corozo
palms -those palmtreesbearingoily nuts.
The village was almost certainly a stop
on an old trail between Panama City and
the Interior. In French days, an old road
more direct than the route of the present
Corozal-Panama road linked Corozal with
that section of Panama near the present
Tivoli crossing.
Corozal appears on a Panama Railroad
map dated 1857 but does not appear on
one issued four years earlier.
Although the name is shown on the
1857 railroad map, Corozal apparently
was not a scheduled railroad stop for some


years. A timetable reproduced


(See page


Two more trees of the Canal Zone, the
Malay Apple and the Cuipo, are among
those which even the most non-botani-
cally inclined can learn to identify.
The Malay Apple, Eugenia malaccensis,


is an Asiatic species planted occasionally
in this region. A row of the trees grow
along Amador Road.
The tree itself is one of the most attrac-
tive on the Canal Zone. It is not tall and
has a dense, rounded crown. The large
leaves are oblong-elliptic and shiny.
A distinguishing feature is its bright
crimson-purple flowers which are distinc-
tively beautiful. They are borne in clus-
ters along the branches and are most con-
spicuous when seen from a distance.
As the petals fall they form a colored
carpet on the ground beneath the trees.
The pear-shaped fruit is suffused with
red and its flavor is excellent. In Panama
it is called "marafion de curacao," a not
inappropriate name, since the fruit
strongly suggests, in shape and color, the


Completion Dates Given
On New Balboa Quarters
Construction of the 15 U. S.-rate fam-
ily units on Pyle Street and Morgan
Avenue in Balboa by the Maintenance
Division is now well advanced and the
first of the new houses is to be completed
about the second week in June. The
others are scheduled for completion by
the middle of August.
The houses there are of the composite
type similar to those in San Juan Place
in Ancon. There are 11 buildings in all,
of which four are duplexes.
Residents of Ridge Road in Balboa
Heights who recently received notice to
vacate their quarters for demolition will
be assigned the new houses in Balboa on
a seniority basis along with residents of
the old houses on Empire Street which
also are to be torn down this year. The
Ridge Road residents have been requested
to move by August 15, and those on Em-
pire Street by October 31.


cashew or "marafion."
The technical name of the Cuipo, one
of the mostremarkable trees of this region,
is Cavanillesia platanifolia.
An exceptionally fine specimen grows
at the end of the Red Tank causeway and
many more dot the hillsides of Panama
and the Canal Zone.
They are particularly conspicuous at
this season because of their red flowers.
Cuipo trees are stately, 69 to 100 feet
tall. They have small crowns and thick,
smooth, pale trunks, usually swollen at
the base.
The wood is white or yellowish, coarse,
soft, and extremely light. A cubic foot of
cuipo wood weighs only 6.25 pounds,
while balsa, which is ordinarily considered
one of the lightest of woods, weighs from


six to 22 pounds per cubic foot.
Cuipo wood is sometimes used as a sub-
stitute for balsa and was the material for
several light planes manufactured just
before the end of World War II.


-


OUR OUT-OF-DOORS





May 2,


1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Watch Repairing


Health Bureau's I

William Brown, whose job is Assistant
to the Health Director, is never at a
loss when anyone asks him the time of
d(lay. Usually he is wearing a wrist watch;
more often than not he is carrying a spare
in his watch pocket, and quite frequently
he can check the hour by a tiny wrist
watch produced from his shirt pocket.
Seldom are these the same watches two
davs in succession.
Not that Bill Brown is such a man of
property. The watches which he produces
belong to friends for whom he is doing a
watch repair job. The clocks on which he
also works have, of course, to stay at
home; he couldn't very well carry them
around but he thinks watches should be
worn or carried for a few days, for check-
ing.


When Bill Brown is having budget
trouble -and what administrative assist-
ant these days doesn't- he can forget it
completely in his watch repair hobby.
His center of operations is in a corner
of his bedroom on the second floor of a
big duplex overlooking Albrook Field. In
this corner is a dentist's cabinet with its
many shallow drawers, just right for fine
small tools. On top of the cabinet stands
a battered piggy bank.
Since watch repairing is a hobby, Bill
Brown makes no charge for his work.
But, if friends insist, he will accept a dol-
lar for a job. The dollars go into the
piggy bank ard when enough have been
piled up, Bill Brown buys another mi-
crometer, or some main springs, or a de-


vice to set watch crystals.
He got interested in repairing watches
by necessity. His bride, Ruth, gave him
a wrist watch as a gift not long after they
were married. It was a fine watch in
every respect but one--- it wouldn't run.
The Browns made the rounds of watch
repairmen but no one could fix it. Finally
Bill took the watch to pieces, found a
thread on the hair-spring, removed it and
from then on the watch kept fine time.
Ants Don't Help
Since then he has found some strange
things wrong with non-operating clocks
and watches. A perturbed owner brought
him a fine mantlepiece chime clock which
wouldn't chime. No wonder, Bill Brown
-e- ...... l. *_% I- _- .---- --- -..--. . - - _ _ -


Engrossing


ill


Brown


Hobby,

Reports


and hypnotism,'" uas playing at Zone club-
houses. Moving picture shows were becom-
ing increasingly popular. At Gorgona, one
night, 245 people attended the movies and
there was even a special show at one o'clock
in the morning after the night force stopped
work. Coffee and sandwiches were served
after this "owl" show.
Another popular performer of 40 years
ago was Captain Jack Crauford, described
as a "poet scout." He was reciting original
verse and humorous anecdotes around the
clubhouse circuit.


The University Club of the Isthmus of
Panama, 75 percent of whose members
were employees of the Isthmian Canal
Commission and the Panama Railroad,
gave a housewarming at its new clubhouse
near the Panama City sea wall. The
housewarming was a reception, with


WILLIAM BROWN


one occasion.


But his most frequent re-


quests other than the watch repair line
concern diamonds.
Settings for diamonds have a way of
getting bent, and girls with engagement
rings understandably don't want to go
around shedding diamonds. So they
bring their rings to Bill Brown and ask
him to tighten the metal which holds the
jewels in place. Bill does, the girls are
happy and sometimes a dollar goes into
the piggy bank.


Forty


Sears
April


With a few months over two years still
to go before the Canal was to be opened,
Canal planners were looking ahead. In
April, 40 years ago, a committee was
appointed to recommend sites for the per-
manent administrative headquarters and
offices of the Canal and a permanent set-
tlement for Canal employees nearby. The
Canal Record reported that the site of the
office headquarters would be "on Sosa
Hill or some other place nearby."
Ynmn'inva )Jt>ro LnnV; ,Oa -mefno nil n aimi


-ancing.
dancing.


One of the big steamshovels, which did
such yeoman work in excavating the Pan-
ama Canal, was damaged beyond repair late
in April by an unusual fire. The shovel, a
70-tonner numbered 107, was working on
excavation of the channel through what is
now Miraflores Lake. It rested on a "crib"
which was made up of five layers of railroad
ties.
Fire broke out at night in the depths of
the crib. Although the shovel was mostly
metal, the heat of the flames softened the six-
inch solid steel axle connecting the hind
wheels of the truck under the rear end so
that it bent to an angle of about 90 degrees.
The heat was most intense at the rear end
where the cribbing was higher but the babbitt
metal was melted out of every journal box
on the shovel.

Even without this shovel, however, ex-
cavation was moving faster and faster.
On one day the 44 shovels working in the
Pedro Miguel, Culebra, and Empire dis-
tricts excavated 68,505 cubic yards of
material, during a working day of eight
hours. This was a new high record for
daily excavation in the Cut.


Third

To


Ago


Beaux

Take P


Arts


lace


Bal

May


.1






THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 2,


1952


ANNIVERSARIES


Kmniployees who obser ed important anni-
\ Tr>ari(s during the month of April are listed
alphabet ically who\v. I'he number of years
iiclu de all ( o r iiinent services with the
(i aiil ol olher a4ecl,(es. Those with conil-


42 Years


Esbon S. MacSparran,
TEfrmI all ] divisionn.


35 Years
Fred J. Bauman, Supervisor, Sheetmetal
Shop, Maintenance I)ivision.
Dr.JesseL.Byrd, Mledical officerr , Colon
I Health Office.
Walter C. Fedde. Chemist. Miraflores


Filtration


I'lant.


30 Years


Paul F. Karst, Postmaster, C
Rexford T. Ray, Guard, Alia
25 Years
Joseph B. Baker, Foreman,
)i\isioII.
20 Years


Thomas J. Breheney, Foreman.,
lll I )1 ision.


rundc.i
ic Locks.

1 dredgingg


)Dredg-


Elvira J. Byrne, Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
Alcide R. Hauser, Policeman, Cristobal.
William R. Henter, Filtration Plant Op-
erator, Maintenance 1)ivision.
Anthony G. Lynn, Plant Supervisor,
Maintenance I)ivision.
Joseph F. Shea, Chauffeur, General Op-
erator and Craneman, Maintenance Dixvt-


SIon.
Roger C. Wri
Machinist, Motor


ght,


Automobile


Iran sportation


e Repair
division .


15 Years


Kelly, Locomotive


Railroad D)ivision.
*Frank McGuinness, Tra
Railroad D)ivision.
*Harvey D. Smith, Carpe
Maintenance Divisioiin.
George O. Tarflinger, Re


\ir ('onditioning M
I)ivision.
*Winton A. Webb
hiut-patient Service.
*William H. Will


Ilnance vision.


echani


C


Engineer,


in I )ispatcher,

enter Foreman,

frigeration and
, Commissary


, Pharmlacist,

, Tilesetter,


(Gotrgas

Mainte -


RETIREMENTS IN APRIL


lEmployees who retired at the end of April,
their birthplace, titles, length of service at
retirement, and their future addressesC are:


Anthony Fernandez, Sp
Marine Bunkering Section;


in:; Foreman.,


years,


months, 1 day; address uncertain.
Floyd W. Forrest, Virginia; Chief, Aids


Navigation l)ivision;


24 \ears 8


8 Frank J. Gerchow, Louiisian;
masler. M iraflores Locks: 39 vears..


montl hs,


Lock-
lmonths


THIS


MONTH'S


(Note. Representatives of organizations
listed below, or of others to be included in
this calendar, are asked to notify the Editor,
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, by the 20th of each
month of any permanent changes in meet-
ing places, dates, or times.)


MAY
2nd- American Legion
7:30 p. m.
3rd Track Foremen N
& B Shops.
4th-VFW No. 3857. Vet


tobal, 9


a. m.


No. 6, Gamboa,


o. 2741

era ns


Balbloa


5th- Postal Employees No. 23160, Balbo
Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
VFW No. 727, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m.
VFW No. 3822, Curundu Road, 7:30 p.n
Pedro Miguel Civic Council, Irnio
Church, 7 p. m.
Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council
Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m.


American Legion


a


1.
I,
l,


No. 3, Gatun,


p. Im.
6th-Machinists No. 811, 13
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Teachers No. 228, Cristobal
3:30 p. nm.
Gamboa Civic Council,
Center, 7:30 p. m.
Gatun Civic Council, Gatu
7:30 1. in.


7th-VFW


I. nm.
9th Blacksmiths, No. 400, with Boiler-
makers 463 and 471, Margarita K. of
C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
llth -Pipefitters, Margarita Clubhouse,
9:30 p. nm.
Sheetmetal Workers, No. 157, Balboa
Clubhouse, 9:30 a. m.
Plumbers, No. 606, Margarita K. of C.
Hall, 9:30 a. nm.
12th-Machinists, No. 699, Margarita K.
of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.


American Legion,


No. 1, Balboa, 7:30


p. in.
13th-Electrical Workers, No. 397, Wirz
Memorial, Balboa, 7:30 p. m.
VFW, No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building,


May


ngs


From Cristobal


Panama .
Cristobal_
Ancon ....-
Panama -
Cristobal _


Ancon
Panama .
Cristobal _


I A -K -�


... - .... May 2
May 9
-_May16
May23
.. ... . . M ay 30
From New York
_May 7
. ..- May 14
.....May 21
u OC,. O


alboa Lodge

Sleigh School,

Community

n Clubhouse,


CALENDAR


rt Clayton,

No. 1, Bal-

lboa Lodge

Room, Ad-
n. rm.


---American Legion, No., Crstobal, 730
American Legion, No. 2, Cristobal, 7:30


p. imi.


18th-CLU-MTC--Margarita Clubhouse,
8:30 a. m.
19th-Truckdrivers, Balboa Lodge Hall,
7:30 p. m.


20


21


7, Gatun Ma-

Balboa Lodge

595, Margar-

>a Clubhouse,


1st-VFW, No.
Club, 9 a. inm.


Cristobal


garita K.

st Home,


Building,

Clayton,

lubbouse,


\Veterans

3, Gatun,

I, Margar-


VFW, No. 727, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m.
VFW, No.3822, Curundu Road, 7:30 p.m.
Pedro Miguel Civic Council, Union
Church, 7 p. m.
Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council,


Margarita Clubh
3rd-Gamboa Civic
ity Center, 7:30
Gatun Civic Cout
7:30 p. m.
Machinists, No. 8
7:30 p. m.
Teachers, No. 228,
3:30 p. m.
4th- VFW, 40, Wirzn
l rnont___nre...


house, 7:30 p. m.
SCouncil, Commun-
p. m.
icil, Gatun Clubhouse

11, Balboa Lodge Hall,

Cristobal High School,


Memorial,
M A^A7


:30 p. m.
?* rtvr-i I #


Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion, No. 7, Fo
7:30 p. m.
American Legion Auxiliary,
boa, 7:30 p. m.
14th-Carpenters, No. 913, Ba
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Pacific Civic Council, Board
ministrtion Buildin. 7:30


Electrical Workers, No. 67
sonic Temple, 7:30 p. m.
th-Machinists, No. 811,
Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Operating Engineers, No.
ita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m.
st-AFGE. No. 14. Balbc


7:30 p. m-
Teachers,
7 p. m.
American
Gatun, 7
22nd-Amer


No. 227, Balboa High School,

Legion Auxiliary, No. 3,
:30 p. m.
ican Legion Auxiliary, No.


No. 40, \Wirz Memorial,


*Thomas


6, Gamboa, 7:30 p. m.
26th- Machinists, No. 699, Mar
of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
VFW Auxiliary, Post 3822 Po
7:30 p. m.
27th-Operating Engineers,
Balboa Lodge Hall, 7 p. in.
VFW, No. 100, Old Boy Scout
Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion, No. 7, Fort
7:30 p. m.
28th-AFGE, No. 88, Margarita C
7:30 p. m.


(


American Legion Auxiliary, No. 2,
Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
29th-Governor-Employee Conference,
Board Room, Administration Building,
2 p. m.
JUNE


2nd-American Legion, No.
7:30 p. nm.
Postal Employees, No. 231(
ita K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. Im.


!l


I


i�v arc indicated with


Itonitu >er-\


Suplrinlendent,


*


1 ;
2


I


1.


)


0C





May 2,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


(Continued


rorm page 14)


Canal


Review


3rd


Birthday


Francis E. Conover, from Commissary
Assistant to Supply distribution Assistant,
Contract and Inspection Division.
Constant W. Chase, Jr., from Electrical
Engineer to Chief, Construction and Main-
tenance Branch, Electrical D)ivision.
W. Houlton Esslinger, from Assistant


Chief


Hydrographer


to Chief


Hydrogra-


pher, Engineering Division.
Alvaro Cabal, from Cartographic Survey
Aid, Surveys Branch, to Civil Engineering
Draftsman, Engineering DI)ivision.
Zane Z. Zizz, from Powerhouse Operator
to Powerhouse Operator-Dispatcher, Elec-
trical Division.
HEALTH BUREAU


Marie V.


Weber, from


Nurse,


Gorgas


Hospital, to Chief Nurse, Palo


MARINE BUREAU


Victor L. Sanger,


Victor C. Melant,


from Junior Foreman, Ferry Service, to
Drill Runner, DI)redging Division.
Arthur J. McLean, Arthur J. Logan,
Clive W. Lewis, from pilot-in-training to
probationary pilot, Navigation Division.
Leonard S. Hart, Julius F. Dietz, An-
drew Stohrer, from probationary pilot to
pilot, Navigation Division.
John P. Sterritt, from Stevedore Fore-
man, Terminals Division, to Towboat Mas-
ter, Navigation Division.
Glenn R. McNall, from Guard, Pacific
Locks, to Junior Foreman, Ferry Service.
David W. Ellis, from Tractor-bulldozer


Operator to General
Division.


Operator,


Dredging


Claud M. Kreger, from Junior Foreman
to D[)rill Runner, Dredging Division.
John H. Droste, from Guard, Atlantic
Locks, to Pump Operator, Dredging Division.


Slaughter


S. Sharpensteen, Edward


O. Pike, from drill runner to blaster, Dredg-
ing Division.
Charles S. Joyner, Charles J. Connor,
from Drill Barge Blaster to Drill Barge
Mate, Dredging Division.
Edward H. Halsall, from Clerk, Housing
Division, to Chief, Locks Security Branch,
Locks Division.
Marion S. Herring, from Dipper Dredge
Engineer to Chief Towboat Engineer, Dredg-
ing Division.
Roy J. Wiley, from Wireman, Electrical
Division, to Lock Operator Wireman, Paci-
lic Locks.
William H. Walston, from Foreman to
Mate, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dredging
Division.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Mrs. June B. Young, from Clerk-sten-
ographer, Employment and Utilization,
l)ivision, to Secretary, Director's Office.
Mrs. Lots B. Grant, from Clerk-typist,
Personnel Records Division, to Clerk-typist,
Employment and Utilization Division.
Mrs. Zelda B. Glassburn, from Clerk-
typist to Personnel Clerk, Employment and
Utilization Division.
Billy Gene Mauly, from Recreation


Supervisor, Schools Dlivision,
Assistant, Personnel Bureau.


to Personnel


Observed


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
ing out a birthday candle.


It is now


14 issues and


is blow-


z years


and this is its birthday edition.
With two years of publishing under its
belt, TiHE REVIEW has these words for
its widening public about the other parts
of its public and a review of its own facts
of life.
THE REVIEW was born May 5, 1950,
coming into an organization which was
then without journalistic chick or child.


THE REVIEW'S


sister,


the old


CANAL RECORD, had dwindled away to
shipping statistics, then died early in
World War II, choked by the ban on
publication of such facts and figures.
When THE REVIEW arrived, after about
a year aborning, it was dedicated by
Governor Newcomer, in the first of his


REVIEW messages
better understand
(Canal) problems."


to employees,


And from that time on,


our common

THE REVIEW


has been telling its readers about people,
places, plans, and interests that touch the
Canal and its employees.


Then
change,


in August,
and THE


1951, t
REVIEW


was a


became


a


monthly instead of a quarterly publication
Now 760 Subscribers
When the stories and pictures started
coming out by the month instead of by
quarters, the number of subscriptions
was only about 100.


Operation With Two Panama Line


Ships To Be Considered By Board


(Continued from


page 1)


consulting


This


Issue


By April 1952, the number of sub-
scribers had climbed to 760 people who


were scattered


States


through


in the United


4:3 of the 48


States.,


Costa Rica, Ecuador, Salvador


Honduras,


Puerto


Canada,
Jamaica,


Bolivia,


Canal Zone, and Panama.


Retail sa
houses and
monthly.


at Comnlissaries,


Hotels


THE REVIEW also


colleges,


average


Club-


over 5,000


goes to many librar-


industrial


organizations;


newspaper and magazine representatives;
government agencies in Washington and
elsewhere; Congressmen; shipping com-
panies and their representatives on the
Isthmus, in the United States and other


countries; the Suez Cana


; shipping pub-


locations; port authorities; banking con-


cerns; airlines;
Services; and
consulates.


THE REVIEW'S


branches of the


various


embassie


continuing


Armed
s and


invitation


to readers to write to the editor opinions
and suggestions has provided ideas which
later turned into stories and features in
the publication.


Many


other opinions and


comments


come to the editor in letters which accom-
pany requests for subscriptions. Most
subscription letters contain only favor-
able comment, coming, as they do from


people
their


who express


general


approval


with their


dollars


and desire


more of the same.


Retires


Soon


SerV-


ices for a general study of the Panama
Line operations.
The bids were not accepted and at the


Board's


meeting


committee composed
Vice-President of ti


Daniel E.


Taylor,


here in January


of W.


R. Pfizer,


he Company,


Board member and


President of the West India Fruit and


Steamship Company,


was appointed to


make a study of the Line's operation.


With





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


May 2, 1952


Work In Corozal Area Will Be Rushed;
About 250 Family Apartments Planned


Where Did He Get That Hat?Old-time


Canal Employee s Had


Em For


Years


'onai nud. frm page 12)
History of the Panama
in 1867, shows that th
by the two daily trains o
run from Panama to
Colon) was at Summit,
Panama City.
An old French map, d
"Canal buildings" and
house at Corozal. Ano
November 17, 1899, sho
a railroad station in the
ozal."


Much of the
was once own
grandfather of
and Service Dir
his family say
extended from a
of the Panama
vicinity of the
Corozal. Mr.
Hotel Central
1880, had cattle
land. Some of


ama City
jobs by ti
As rapi
oldtimers
converted
lies were
Corozal.
quarters
July 1 th
Ninety-ei
elor ouar


agriculture alone.
When this area became part of the
Canal Zone, the Schuber estate was even-
tually purchased by a land commission,
although the final adjudication of the
family's claim was not made until 1913
or 1914.
After the United States took over the
French Canal Company in 1904, Corozal
became a residence for many of the men
who worked at the Canal's headquarters
in Panama City. The first ICC "hotel,"
really a large bachelor quarters, was built
at Corozal and the men working in Pan-


went
rain.
dly as


in
Railroad, pr
e first stop
n the north
Aspinwall
10" miles


land in the Corozal area
ed by Henry Schuber,


Moore,
recalls
Schube
present
to the
River
who b


Supply
hearing
r estate
location
general
north of
uilt the


in Panama City about
Sand dairy farms on the
the rest was devoted to


back and forth to their


quarters could be built


recall that some of them were
boxcars-bachelors and fami-
moved from Panama City to
On January 1, 1908, 13 married
at Corozal were occupied; by
Le number had increased to 29.
ght American men were in bach-
ters and 470 laborers in the


European and West Indian messes.


Otis'
tinted
made
bound
(now
from


lated 1886, shows
an old powder-
ther map, dated
ws 24 houses and
"Village of Cor-


Ernest Alphonso Blades, who has been
an Isthmian for almost 47 years, does not


remember just when h
campaign hat.
The hat was a gift
J. H. K. Humphrey
Chief Quartermaster
1941, and it was a good
1941 that the hat chan
Ernest, as all the y
of the oldsters of P
Tank and Paraiso kn
his third Army Stets
gift of Fred DeV. Sil


ring the 1
er, he was
eers here.


9


himself du
serve office
the Engine
Ernest's
him as his
the three
in this sat


ERNEST


An ICC garden of some two-and-a-half
acres supplied the hotel and the towns-
people with fresh vegetables. Fifty street
lights were installed and Corozal had a
volunteer fire company.
First School In 1909
Late that year plans were made for the
first school, a two-room wooden building.
The following year the total population
had increased to 1,116-815 of these in
the labor camps.


A census
population
doubled in
the present
there were
American
1,071 men
others in
areas." Q
had been


uorgona.
Between 1914 and 1920 when, by Exec-
utive Order, Corozal became part of a
military reservation, detachments of En-
gineers, Signal Corps, Quartermaster
Corps, Field Artillery, and Cavalry were
stationed at Corozal at some time or
another.


-


five years, and
ce there of tro
120 soldiers at
employees or
living in labor c
what was descri


also
ops.
Coro
their
amps
ibed


disclosed
In 1914
zal, 1,127
families,
s, and 374
as "rural


larters for some of the families
moved in from Culebra and


A. BLADES


successfully too, his Pedro Miguel friends
say.
Ernest was born in St. Phillips, Barba-
dos, 70 years ago last November 18. He


land as a blacksmith's
out 1905 business was
as scarce. A recruiting
anama Canal organiza-
idos and Ernest signed
hundred other men, to
SZone.
m Barbados, he recalls,
transport which carried
600 other West Indians
cruited for the Canal
because of stops at other
ays.
)n Hotel Tivoli
b, when he landed here


21, 1905, was on the foun-
Hotel Tivoli. After that
the lumber yard and ma-
the Building Division and


then a short stint as a blacksmith's helper
in the Central Division at Empire.
In 1909 he was transferred to the Quar-
termaster's Department and moved back
to Ancon. For four years he worked as a
gardener around the big official quarters
near what is now the Ancon Courthouse.
Then he went to Corozal where he worked
again as a gardener, until Corozal became


Once Was Schuber Land


e got his first Army


from his old boss,
, former Assistant
who retired in June
i many years before
ged hands, or heads.
youngsters and most
'edro Miguel, Red
ow him, is wearing
on now. It was a
l who wore the hat
20's when. as a re-


Lewis B.
sector. He
that the
bout the
stadium
Cardenas
Schuber,


on active duty with


headgear is as much a part of
job of care-of-groundsman, in
communities, a job he has held
me area since 1918. And very


taken in 1914 showed that the
of Corozal had more than


worked on the isl
helper. Along ab
poor and work wa
team from the Pa
tion visited Barba
up, with several
come to the Canal
The voyage fro
was made in a big
between 500 and
who had been re
work. The trip, b
islands, took 10 d
Worked O
Ernest's first jo


on September
dations of the
came work in
chine shop of


J


1







May 2 1952


-.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


STATISTICS


CANAL


TRAFFIC


For the purpose of comparison between pre-war and post-war traffic through the Panama Canal, statistics for
the fiscal year 1938 are used in this section, as being more nearly normal for peace time than those for 1939.


PACIFIC


ors as the
Isthmus o
Navigati
company


on February 17, 18
the young Victoria
land, and the long
enterprise began.
Its first charter
work concessions o
Republics of the w
tea, with Panama
port.
Together with
Packet Company,
mately connected
of land which tn
the company's be
enterprise.


Passengers werb ta
River by steamers of
which was the Atlanti
continued utip the Chi
arid across the remains
pack mule. The tran
four days and nights a
taking into account n
dental expenses-a far
one-half hour, $1.25 (


today.
Panama soon
portant section


gation Company's
The company pur
which is separated
high water and is c
strip of land at low
Here PSNC establ
drydocks, hospitals,
iron" where ships v


STEAM


oldest steamship company
f Panama go to the P'acific
n Company.
received its Royal charter


40,


three


Became Queenr
era of British s

granted it the
obtained from th
(est coast of Sou
as its northern


the Royal
PSNC ha
with the
ites the Ar
ginninlg as


�n to th
Ie Royal
carrier.
res b\ s
r of the I
Isthmian
d cost $1
*als and
rv from t
v train)


developed int
of the Pacific


sphere i
chased I
from Tab
connected
tide.
ished wor
and the


years


after


Sof Eng-
;teamship

right to
e various
th Amner-
termin l


Mail Steam


inti-
neck
si lce
ship


e Chagres
Mail line,
Then they
mall boats
sthmus by
trip took
8, without
other inci-
he one and
journey of


operations.
) Island,
Island at
a narrow


houses
S"grid-
and re-


of the old
other ma-


kshops
famous


vere drydock


paired. There are still remn;
buildings, paddle steamers,
chinery on the island.
In 1866, in order to get a
water for its vessels, PSN(
small area on Taboga Island.
was unique in being the only
cern to have possession of


supply of fresh
C purchased a
The company
steamship con-
island territory


with monarchial rights.
Both PSNC and the Royal Mail Cornm-
pany subscribed capital to the Panama Rail-
road Company in the mid 1850's. Traffic
rapidly increased but the harmony between
railroad and shippers was not to last.
Argument with Railroad
In 1869 the Pacific Steam Navigation
Company complained to the Railroad that
the division of through rates was excessive
on traffic to and from Europe over the

* - * * .; * . 7- *


*J^ ^.-
q 1- '- -f-- -r


as


A. F.
the Paci


HOWARD, whose
fie Steam Naviyati


years on the Atlantic side
rupted hy the camera in a b
MacDonald, standing, hea
department. Mr. Howard
the Isthmus. Mr. MacDoi
comer to the Isthmus-he
couple of years-compiled
companying history of
Isthmus. __
railroad.
The Railroad's Super
Colonel A. 1. Cent'


to discuss the
PSNC's west c
an agreement
were divided o
Atlantic carrie
and one-third
Directors of
ever, rejected t
Steam Naviga
shops and doc
Callao and est
Europe via thl
Although th
ated by PSNC
increased, the
coast of Sout.
trans-Isthmiar
coastal traffic


years of service
Company inclu


of the Isthmus, was inter-
rusiness talk with Michael
i of the PSNC passenger
is manager for PSNC on
nald, a comparative new-
has been here for only a
the material for the ac-
PSNC activities on the


-inte
er,


ndent at Panama,
went to Callao


question with George Petrie,
oast manager. They reached
whereby the through rates
n a basis of one-third for the
r, one-third for the Railroad,
for the Pacific carrier.
the Railroad Company, how-
his agreement and the Pacific
nation Company removed its
yards from Morro Island to
ablished a fast, direct line to
e Straits of Magellan.
e new direct service inaugur-
Sdid not diminish, but rather


coastal
h Ameri
i route


vices on
it did
I the de


and from Panama f
*f * .i"^./
* . * -..:1^
* . * \'^-
;. . /-/, <-^ .
. . * " /< '
. . ' . "<


ell away'



:4


NAVIGATION


COMPANY


OLDEST


c('(Ilsieral Iy as the
Europe improve ed.
Income frHmi the
dropped appreciably.


naugura
ts butin


I (
te,


it had become
in the world,
aggregating 12
equal to that
Navy at that
In 1877 I'PS
lishing the 0O
Kingdom to
Half a cent
was opened ti


direct
railr
PSN C


Af the nevc
such an <
the largest
with a to
7,700 tons
of the ei


HERE


service


frout


activities
ever, with
increased
at in 1874
{ company
steamers,


age


Thi tolnnU
tire U united


was


States


expanded further, estab-
t Line from the I'nited
ralia.
later the IPanama Canal
immerce and PSNC was


the first shipping companies
terway..
Move to Cristobal


In 1913
transferred
and later
Building (
Naxvigatio
tobal's "S
Betweci
Iecame on
tomners. \
call the fa
"O" class
the Orbita
two week.


the Ce
which
coffee,
to Eur
The


ntr
ar


the C


I from
)ccupie(
now ki
n Built
teamnsh
1 \V,,rl
e of th
Iany o(
miliar
mail st
which
s, and
al Amie
ri ked ii


cocoa,
ope ani
coast


45 wh
d Salh
ar's of
d the
ubtedl
- trans
In the


service
Canal
y setting
ts by a
meanti


agency business
tatives for such
Company. Holla
Furniiess-Withy
More than 75
which visit the
PSNC. Among


Atlant
Rynda
Ocean


imers as
Nieuwr
narch.


company


] ai
d th
1 ow
ding
ipj I
d \
e P1
if t-
buff


to utilize


's local offices were
a City to Cristobal
Mw Royal Mail Line
Sthe Pacific Steam
the heart of Cris-
"


I and 1I
SCanal's
ving her
els of tht


I
e
e


earners, like the Ord
transited the Can
the small coastal v
rican and Caletero
n Cristobal with
I cotton for trans-s
he United States.
�rvice lasted from
coastal steamers,
ere sold. During
the two vessels ea
about twice a mo
g a record for th
ny single craft.
mne PSNC had ent


and had b
lines as Cu
nd-America
Line. and


percent
Canal
these


, PSNC
lest cus-
will re-
popular
ufia and
al every
essels in
service
loads of
hipment

1915 to
A caj utla
their 30
;h trans-
nth, un-
ose days


ere


d the


become represen-
nard Steamship
Line, Port Line,
many others.
the cruise liners
are handled by


are such


the Caronia
. Amsterdam,


s trans-
rela nia,
he new


Losses in World War II


W\Vith the outbreak
P'SNC became joint as
of War Transport and
ber Control. A few
disappeared: the 15,00
pedoed and sunk off
cargo vessel La Paz w
ida, and the MV Lagu
but managed to limp


of World War II,
zents for the Ministry
local agents for Tim-
familiar PSNC hulls
0-ton Oropcsa was tor-
northern Ireland,the
as torpedoed off Flor-
na was also torpedoed
from the Caribbean


,


1


i
f
c


--*


to





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


May 2,1952


U.S.


Registry


Hold

For


fmin n
I it
f'i.ii r
tt-I 1
Th.
traf!^i
tI,
I)lSV\ 4'
Arll


dt

U>
4


Ships


Top Position

Third Quarter


of I sited States- registry (o)-
aet U Ihe L rte-t nluinlbr of transIpit
third * airt er , thlie Iical year.
i he ree month-t tirtic ha\e
eh 'a'-rd.


t>, rci nni/ II '([
(In (]l -I ri ,:
urhin reei-t iei
hitii 1h I niti


iplace-, in !re(quency (i
unchanged from the I two
British, Norwegian a d(
*-, in that t States hip. rem

in titr plar'', in both tranits and cargo
carrta& , I.bth htiurle for 1r . .S-flag lhips
\\'re ll-s I tII tiird (jIuartlr than ii Ih'
I\wo |)re\ in!!s (|i[.irler,, ot Ihi.- lial yeal',
I htrinQ t lh Ilhrre nio1ths of Ja hnury.,
February ani Ma1rch, 494 1". S.-regitered
>,hip?, ratrr\h u 3, 144.4'h) tons ot (uargo,
Irans l'd thlie Canal.
1 )urii thle secoridi (l)Iairttr there \\ere
535 I . S.-reigstered vessels, with 3,400,570{
toi< of cargo and in the first qutiarter 53.4
1. S. ship with 3.699,405 tons of cargo).
lritish slhi!ppilg, which carried 2.096,48)
o15s du(rinll the jusat quarter in 340 ve--el.,
W tiulp. In the second quarter there \vwere
207 lriltish \s^Bels anld il t ie first 286.
Norwegian shipping, in third plae
1 Iroughout this liecal x-ear, hadl 222 shins


in the third
175 im the
1 i 11 4e f *
Iered 107 i
second anud
The first
9,220 tons
pst .juartt
transit- l
tWO andt 4
Switzerlandd


quart
first.
n the
101 ini
Irania
of car
r. I
exico


er, 210 in the second
Sondtraili vessels in
third quarter, 115 in
the first.
ll ship this year carrt
go, transited during
1its15 was thte sole Iran
\was second( Itwest \\


nd
the l
ti-
the


Siisd Rica. (irillaii, Pter,,
and \ enezuela were tiedt with


three apiece.


Governor Newcomer Appears At His Last
Employee Conference

('ninned from page 3} of failure to
increase rentals was directed at the mili-
tary services.


In ans
Wagner,
Newcom
already
against
preparat
new Cor


wer to two q
CLU-MTC
er said that,
done at Si
Government
ion, and 2)
ozal housing


a minimum.
Attending


CANAL


questions from Walter
president, Governor
, 1) the cost of work
uimmit was charged
funds, as is all site
that grading at the
site will be held to


the conference


TRANSITS


Commercial vessels
Ocean-going _
*Small -- -
Total, coin
**U. S. (lO ;vernmen
Ocean-going - -
*Small .._..
Total coninercial al


were:


Governor, Lieutenant Governor Herbert
D. Vogel, Edward A. Doolan, Personnel
Director, and Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Ex-
ecutive Assistant to the Governor, for the
Administration.
Walter Wagner, E. W. Hatchett, J. J.
Tobin, Carl J. Hoffmeyer, and Owen J.
Corrigan, CLU-MTC; Pat Coakley, a vis-
itor; Margaret Rennie, Russell Hileman,
M. J. Goodin, and Raymond Ralph, Civic
Councils; Daniel P. Kiley, Pacific Locks;
H. J. Chase and Rufus Lovelady, AFGE;
Robert C. Daniel, Railway Conductors;
Andrew Lieberman, Marine Engineers;
James Ahearn, Plumbers; and William S.
McKee, Machinists.


U. S.


GOVERNMENT


Third Quarter-Fiscal Year
1952 1951 1938
Atlantic Pa cif ic
to to I total lotal Total
Pacific \ Atlantic

_ _ 809 833 1,642 1,370 1,386
208 197 405 264 219
mercial ... 1,017 1.030 2.047 1,634 1,605
t vessels:
S126 96 222...........
71 41 112
nd \. .S. Government 1,214 1,167 2,381


* Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.


** Vessels on which tolls are credited.
ships transited free.


Prior to July 1, 1951, Government-operated


ine progress which
civil defense plans for
civilian communities
within the near future
the General Committee
Charles W. Hammon
mittee President, said
would be called before t.
The Civic Council


the civil defense
air raid alert the nig
30. At a meeting
at Balboa Heights
agreed to begin a
'fr+nrrnth in c,�r-,h ,,ii


pict
ht
the
th(
sur
.t4> l1


Report


Plans


s been made in


ma


the Canal Zone's
will be reported
at a meeting of
of Civic Councils.
id, General Corn-
that the meeting
he middle of May.
became active in
ure following an
of Sunday, March
following Friday
e Council leaders
vey of volunteer
1fiih ' TP *> Tfrf l ,f T�,


TRAFFIC MOVEMENT OVER MAIN TRADE ROUTES
The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net
tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
Third Quarter, Fiscal Year


United States Intercoastal .-- ...---.----
East Coast of U. S. and South America - - -
East Coast of 1'. S. and Central America -
East Coast of U. S. and Far East- . .-
11. S./Canada East Coast and Australasia__


Europe and W\est Coast of l '. S./Canada
Europe and South America ._
Ptin1irnna ",n ! A11it rs'jl] i jn


1952
130
434
131
219
51
189
104
107


1951
126
305
--- I<-
101
196
27
192
79
70


1938
264
145
30
142
39
271
134
6.


COMMERCIAL AND


Councils


Civil


Defense


1 * 1 1


I


I
t





May 2,1952


THEfPANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Traffic


And


olls


Reach


All-time


Peak


The increase in commercial shipping
through the Panama Canal, which began
last September, climaxed during the
end of the last quarter with a new all-
time record for the number of transits,
cargo and Panama Canal net tonnage and
the amount of tolls collected.
The new record was 613 commercial
vessels of over 300 tons, set in March.
Cargo tonnage totaled 3,114,989 tons,
Panama Canal net tonnage was 2,872,628
tons and tolls collected were $2,512,008.70
for the month.
The previous high of 597 commercial
ships of more than 300 tons was set in
January 1929. During that same month
the previous tolls record $2,501,949.64-
was set.
The past quarter began with a slight
drop in shipping from the end of the
previous quarter. In December, 550
commercial vessels were put through the
Canal.
At the beginning of the quarter, Janu-
ary, this figure dropped to 522 and de-
clined still farther to 507 in February.
Tolls were also lower in January and
February than they had been in December
But the figure of 613 set in March and


the record am
entire quarter
monthly was 54
amount of tolls
The number
been over 500C
September but
first time, in MIV
Gran


(


Is, pulled the
b the average


7 and the average monthly
was over $2,234,000.
of commercial transits has
Each month since last
Sent over 600, for the
[arch.
d Totals Is 2,381


In addition to the 1,642 large commer-
cial vessels which transited during the
quarter, there were 405 craft of less than
300 tons, and 334 U. S. Government
vessels, to make a grand total for the
quarter of 2,381.
There was a marked increase in the
amount of oil carried through the Canal
by tankers in the Atlantic-Pacific trade,
the figure this past quarter for this com-
modity being 838,471 tons as compared


to 501,657 tons
the past fiscal
shipments from
Ports were up.
the number twc
concluded with


for the
year.
the At
This
spot in
a total


as against 410,689
quarter and 377,347 fi
quarter of the past fi


or t
sca


third
Coal
lantic
comm
the q
of 58
)r th
he cor
1l yeai
.. S


quarter of
and coke
to Pacific
odity took
quarter just
7,976 tons,
e previous
responding
r.
jS *


HEADQUARTERS of the Pacific Steam Navigation Company are in this handsome three-story
building, with penthouse apartment, directly opposite the Cristobal postoffice. Although the build-
ing's original name, Royal Mail, still appears on the facade, it is officially known as the Pacific Steam
Navigation building.


three months of the third quarter ship-
ments of this commodity totaled 91,682
tons, as against 78,652 tons for the third
quarter of 1951.
As it has been for some time, mostly
because of banana shipments, the largest
number of ships using the canal were on
the trade route between the east coast
of the United States and the west coast
of South America. This number, 434
for the past quarter, was up appreciably


from the two previous quar
The next most frequently;
route was that between Ei
U. S. Canadian west coast.
traffic, 130 ships for the
ended, remained close to
the previous two quarter
This trade, however, is
lower than for 1938.


MONTHLY


ters this year.
y used trade
rope and the
Intercoastal
quarter just
the figure for
rs this year.
considerably


Pacific Steam Navigation is Oldest Here


C(Conltnued from page 17; to t
Zone. They make the riun in 12 dt
These three ships have been s
that PSNC has placed ordfcr for t
vessels of the same type. The a
three will soon be in service.
The Reina del Parifico. coinplet
ted, rejoined the service in 1949 a
a link between the I united Kingdom
Spain, Bermuda, the Bl3ahamas,
Jamaica, the Canal Zone and por
South American west coast.
The present local business act


PSNC
who h,
years.
after t
Hei
men, l
branch
by a k
dian e
with P


COMMERCIAL


at
as
H
he


TRAFFIC AND TOLLS


he Canal
ays.
) popular
three more
additional
ely reit-
nd is now
i, France,
Havana,
ts on the
i lies of


Transits


Month


(Inii thou


sands of dollars)


re handled by Arthur F. Howard,
been in the Canal Zone for over 23
e became manager January 1, 1951
retirement of Alan N. Dodd.
assisted by a group of young English-
of whom have served with some
f the British military service, and
I1 staff of Panamanian and WVest In-
ilovees. Some of these have been
\C for over 40 years.


Vessels of 300 tons net or over
By fiscal years


'~ ~~ * <


*' *<." W


-, , . - f


.


f(





20

NEW


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


SUPERINTENDENT


May 2,1952


Principal commodities shipped through the Canal
(All figures in long tons)
Figures in parentheses in 1938 and 1949 columns indicate
relative positions in those years
ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC


Commodity


*4t'


-/


EDWARD R. JAPS became Superintendent of
Storehouses April 27, succeeding J. F. Prager, who
retired during the month and is now en route to his
new home in California. Mr. Japs has been with
the Panama Canal organization since 1917 when ne
went to work as a foreman in the Building Division.
He has been with the Division of Storehouses since


Mineral oils . .
Coal and coke_
Manufactures of
Phosphates ..
Paper and paper
Machinery .


iron and
products


Automobiles and access
Cement .---.
Tinplate .. .. .. .. .
Soybeans and products.
Sulphur ....
Raw Cotton ..
Sugar a r.. .. . .
Chemicals, unclassified
Ammonium compounds
All others


Total ----------------


Third Quarter, Fiscal Year
1952 1951
838,471 501,657 (1)
587,976 377,347 (3)
448,629 388,345 (2)
201,966 128,577 (4)
116,138 79,796 (5)
86,562 61,629 (11)
85,664 73,920 (10)
79,497 67,196 (15)
73,452 44,723 (13)
72,195 120,564 (8)
70,642 49,543 (9)
62,507 87,922 (6)
58,836 43,521 (7)
49,960 31,898 (16)
39,412 23,168 (14)
925,564 828,909
3,797,471 2,908,715

_CIFIC TO ATLANTIC


1938


ta.'
-- -


0' -11'


0i -
I _ _ _-


2,049,654


Governor Newcomer's Four-Year Term
Notable For Far-Reaching Changes

(Continued from page 11 a few ranking
officials occupy the same positions in
1952 as m 1948. Retirements and
reassignments were responsible for the
change and the creation of new bureaus
brought new officials into office.
Employee Relations Improved
To better employee relations, Governor
Newcomer began monthly "shirtsleeve
conferences" which are just as informal
as their nickname-they are known,
officially, as Governor-Employee Con-
ferences. At these meetings representa-
tives of labor groups and Civic Councils
discuss matters of overall interest.
The Governor has held frequent
round table discussions with labor groups,
in addition to the monthly meetings.
In May 1950 he conferred for several
days with national and local leaders of
the American Federation of Labor.
Another step toward betterment of
employee relations was the institution
of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW. Its
first issue two years ago announced that
its primary objective was "giving all
employees a better understanding of
problems affecting any considerable
number."


Commodity


Ores, various ........
Lumber ------------
Wheat --------------
Nitrate--- ----------
Canned food products-
Bananas ............
Sugar .. .. . .. ..
Metals, various --.--
Refrigerated food prod
cept fresh fruit) --
Mineral oils . ..
Iron and steel manufact
Wool ------.-------
Coffee ... . .
Copra-- --.-----
Dried fruit----------
All others ---------


Total -


Third Quarter, Fiscal Year


1952
825,352
733,110
583,416
358,579
312.537
183,901
181,890
158,633
156,751
110,043
91,682
78,839
77,565
63,830
61,847
660,538
4,573,793


240,622 (7)
140,269 (8)
128,626 (10)
95,729 (3)
78,652 (14)
63,299 (13)
63,838 (12)
45,670 (11)
22,124 (19)
679,069
4,575,266


542,936
632,901
267,904
530,861
220,124
20,076
299,404
165,473


4,313,123


Canal commercial traffic by nationality of vessels


Nationality



Brazilian-------
British---------
Chilean--------
Chinese--------
Colombian-----
Costa Rican----
Cuban-- ..-------
Danish--------
lv .- - - ,- rt. b


Third Quarter-Fiscal Year


Num-
ber of
transits

340
15


ALL1I


Tons
of cargo

2,096,489
62,259
77,789
31,021
9,217
234,802
J RnnR


Num-
ber of
transits


Tons
of cargo


1,682,785
72,161
18,490
15,927
9,400
177,813
90 A71


Num-
ber of
transits

348~
3


2
56


Tons
of cargo


1,626,62
10,01



161,73