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Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00096
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: January 1952
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
System ID: UF00097366:00096
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text


PANAMA


Panama Canal Museum

\CANAL


Cs


Vol. 2 No. 6 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, JANUARY 4, 1952 5 cents


FINANCIAL


AFFAIRS


EXPECTED


TO


OCCUPY


MUCH


ATTENTION


AT


BOARD


MEETING


HERE


Canal
With


Housing
Bids Ask


Led


Two


Moves
i Big


Into
Group


High


Gear


Contracts


L-VA'TIc. FrO$ T,;RRAC.- IOe-


ONE OF THE entirely new types of houses to be built this year is a three-bedroom single
f house with a covered terrace at the back of the living room. Above is the rear view of this house.


The Panama Canal's housing program
is moving into high gear. Two large
group contracts have been advertised for
bid, to be let within the next few weeks.
Plans are being considered for the
acceleration of the program so that it
would be completed in the fiscal year 1956
instead of in fiscal year 1958 as was
originally planned. This, of course, will
be dependent on action by the Bureau of
the Budget in making funds available.
The availability of materials and labor
will have some effect on the speed-up of the
housing program as will the willingness of
contractors to bid on large contracts.
At the present time the Company is
going ahead with plans for accelerating
the program.
On December 7, Isthmian Constructors
was awarded a contract to build 96 new
*1 i.iti r .I 1/^ i


which has been taken over by the Navy
The expansion of Margarita and Gatun
will provide housing for all U. S.-rate
employees now living in New Cristobal
and Colon Beach.
No quarters will be (See page 3)


Municipal, 1
To Form


building


Matters pertaining to the financial
condition of the Panama Canal Company
are expected to occupy much of the
attention of the Board of Directors at the
meeting which opens Monday in the
Board Room of the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights.
This will be the second meeting of the
Directors since the Panama Canal Com-
pany came into being, the other being
held last September in Washington.
Normally the Board meets quarterly but
the December meeting was postponed
until this month.
No complete financial figures will be
available for the Board's consideration on
the first six months of operations as a
corporation. However, the Board is ex-
pected to review generally operations and
finances for the first half of the year.
Much of the Canal business scheduled for
consideration at next week's meeting is of
a continuing nature and relatively few
new items are expected to be introduced.
Panama Line Terminus
Among the items considered at the
September meeting (See page 15)


Units


Maintenance


Merger of the Municipal and Building
Division at the first of January brought
together two of the oldest individual units
of the Canal organization. Both were
organized soon after the Canal work was
begun in 1904, as quarters construction
and installation of municipal facilities
were of prime importance at the outset of
thn onntrrmuoinAn nnrinA


Program


Merge
Division





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 4,1952


Company


Officers


and


Directors


Frank Pace, Jr.


Karl R. Bendetsen


Governor F. K. Newcomer


W.R. Pfizer


Lt. Gov. Herbert D.Vogel


t, .y


Gen.R.


Wheeler


T. Coleman Andrews


Edward D. McKim


Gen. J. L. Schley


Gen. Glen E. Edgerton


Daniel E. Taylor


John W.


Martvn


rB. F. Burdick


Gordon Gray


James 0. Hughs


SECRETARY PACE, a native of Little Rock, Ark.
has a unique and distinguished public service record.
He entered the Federal Government service soon after
the war during which he served four years as an officer
with the Air Transport Command. He served a short
period as special assistant to the Attorney General
after which he became, in January 1948, Executive
Assistant to the Postmaster General. He later served
one year as Assistant Director of the Budget and was
appointed Budget Director in January 1949. He took
office as Secretary of the Army April 12, 1950, suc-
ceeding Mr. Gray in that post.
Mr. BENDETSEN is Assistant Secretary of the
Army and was appointed Chairman of the Board of
Directors of the Panama Canal Company last Sep-
tember. He also serves as a member of the Executive
Committee. He was born in Aberdeen, Wash., where
he was engaged in law practice for a number of years
before the war. He had a varied war service with
much duty as a staff and combat officer. He was
awarded the Distinnuished Servia~ Medal in 1942.


he performs those duties of the President which relate
to the Company activities here. He has served with
the Canal organization since July 1949 when he be-
came Engineer of Maintenance, a title since changed
to Lieutenant Governor.

GENERAL WHEELER is presently Engineering
Adviser for the International Bank for Reconstruction
and Development. He retired in February 1949 as
Chief of Engineers with the rank of Lieutenant Gen-
eral. He served twice with The Panama Canal, from
1927 to 1930 as Assistant Engineer of Maintenance,
and from 1940 to 1941 as Engineer of Maintenance.
He made a distinguished record during World War II
with service in the Asiatic Theater of Operations. Part
of the war years was served as Deputy Supreme Com-
mander and later Commander of the India-Burma
theater. _____
Mr. ANDREWS became a member of the Board ct
Directors last January and was elected a member of
4Ln . (Ia.nn*.4 . j . *en-- A n 4 tLn Q nb<-n-.. A In


been continuous since 1928. He is a member of the
Executive Committee of the Board of Directors.
GENERAL EDGERTON served as wartime Gov-
ernor of The Panama Canal, 1940 to 1944, after four
years as Engineer of Maintenance. After leaving the
Isthmus he served as Chief of UNRRA in China. For
the past two and a half years he has been Executive
Director of the Commission on the Renovation of the
White House. He is a native of Manhattan, Kans.,
and held the rank of Major General upon his retire-
ment from the Corps of Engineers shortly before his
appointment to the White House renovation work.
His service as a Director has been continuous since
1940. _____
Mr. TAYLOR is President of the West India Fruit
and Steamship Company, Inc., the West Palm Beach
Terminal Company, and the Palm Beach Biltmore
Hotel Corporation. He was born in Sea Level, N. C.,
but much of his business career has been centered in
Norfolk. Va.. where he organized and headed Sevewralt





January 4, 1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Board-Employee


Talk


CANAL HOUSING


PROGRAM


MOVES


INTO


HIGH


GEAR


Requested By Members

Attending Conference


The possibilityfof a
employee representative;
the Panama Canal Co
Directors was discussed
the December meeting
Employee Conference.
Governor Newcomer
ployee representatives


meeting between
s and members of
mpany Board of
at some length at
of the Governor-


told the 14 em-
present that the


Board would meet here January 7. A
definite schedule had not been arranged
but he expected that there would be a
short meeting the afternoon of January 7
and that the Board would then recess
until late min the week to enable those
members who had not been to the Canal
Zone before to see something of Company
activities, he said.
At the request of Rufus Lovelady of the
AFGE Lodge No. 14 and J. J. Tobin of the
Central Labor Union, the Governor
agreed to try to arrange a meeting be-
tween a small group of employee repre-
sentatives and the Board.
The Governor said that he considered
such a meeting useful to orient the Board
on some employee problems but cautioned
the employees against confusing major
points with minor grievances.


In connection
Washington on
plained that all
are required to
their programs
within the acti
On behalf of
201 quarters in
tested over the
are paying. H
buildings cont


quarters availal
the question as
would be perm
four-family hot
apartment. HI
teachers move
rental, the Con


n with his recent trip to
budget matters, he ex-
government corporations
submit budgets to show
and that they are staying
vities authorized by law.
20 teachers living in type
Diablo, Mr. Tobin pro-
doubling of the rent they
e pointed out that these
ain the only bachelor
ble in the town and raised
to whether the teachers
fitted to "double up" in
uses, two teachers to an
e also asked that, if the
because of the doubled


ipany pay the cost


;of the


move.
The Governor and Col. H. D. Vogel
explained that there would be no change
in rates until this is passed on by the
Board but that such a recommendation
1_ -1 1 - -L !.. 1---1 -_-l*T7_ I *.LA -~ �- J


tw .\y4 '.
*4>H :' r.
;/^^ .^ .--.^\


' - h * STQ MAID



---
7>
r%


BED ROOM
3


TYPE 337 3
.ointlg.".od 4 coteItucTsOw
BURg AU
CMGiSt�RiNO Ceiegoes
*tlwiTWCTUIil. *RkC


BEDROOM


H'


0 5 10
GRAPHIC SCALE


TERCACC


HOUSE
Is


WI!


.fw


fED ROOM
2


aC'nE


CLOSET


BED ROOM
1


FLOOR PLAN of the new type cottage pictured on page 1 is presented above. Several of these
houses are scheduled for construction at Margarita during this year. The houses are masonry,
on the ground type.


(Continued from page 1) built to have more
than two apartments, except for some
"row type" houses in Cardenas where
this type of construction is necessary
because of the terrain. Some of the newer
four-family quarters, built about 10 years
ago in Diablo, Ancon, and Margarita, will
be retained.
The overall program involves the con-
struction of 4,108 family units and 1,270
bachelor units, at a cost for housing alone
of some $67,000,000. New community
facilities, such as clubhouses, commis-
saries, and post offices are not included in
these costs.
For the present fiscal year, the housing
and townsite construction program breaks
down, by towns, as follows:
ANCON: Quarters will be built for 56
families in the Chagres Street-Ancon
Boulevard area. Fine grading will be
done; sewers and drainage systems and a
street lighting system will be installed.
The streets, service drives, and walks will
be paved and topsoil placed in the
housing area, and grass will be planted.
Eight of the 48 houses will be duplexes;
three of these will be type 324, similar to
those built earlier this year on Endicott
Street in Diablo, and the other five will be
of a new type having a large patio off the
living room. Three of the single houses
will be a modification of the "Breezeway"
1 *i �* i I r


CARDENAS: Work at this new local-
rate community, located north of Corozal,
will consist of clearing, rough grading,
drainage, and site preparation. Two con-
crete water tanks will be put up and water
lines and sewers will be laid. An access
road, to connect Cardenas with Gaillard
Highway, is also in this bid.
DIABLO HEIGHTS: This year's
building at Diablo will all be in the section
uphill from the site of the old messhall,
overlooking Diablo Road. Twelve ma-
sonry buildings will be constructed. Two
of these will be duplexes like those built
earlier and recently assigned in the new
Diablo development near the Canal. Both
of these duplex houses will have two-bed-
room apartments. Four modified "Breeze-


way" houses,
and a maid's r
of the single h
"Breezeways,"
all of the others
SGATUN: T


each
)om,
louse
10US(
will
will
en c


with three bedrooms
are to be built. Seven
es, including the four
have three bedrooms;
be two bedroom types.
ottages are scheduled


for this year on the extension of Jadwin
Road on the high ground of the old Third
Locks spoils area. Four of the houses will
be modified "Breezeways," with three
bedrooms each. The other six houses will
have two bedrooms each and will be simi-
lar to those built recently at the upper end
of Endicott Street in Diablo.
The contract also calls for preparation


; * 0 0

J: "o:


LIVING DM|NWG


t:=msa==





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 4, 1952


Electrical


Division,


And,


For


The


Last Time!


Union


Join


New


Education Program

An experimental educational program
to answer the needs of both management
and labor on the Canal Zone has been set
up by the Educational Committee of
Local Union 397 of the International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and
the Electrical Supervisor of the Southern
District of the Electrical Division.
Since late November a seminar group
has met each Thursday night in the
Board Room of the Administration
Building, with the chairman of the Union
Educational Committee and the Electrical
Supervisor alternating as chairman. The
Industrial Training Coordinator, whose
services were placed at the disposal of the
group by the Superintendent of Schools,
serves as secretary to the group to keep
minutes and to help prepare reports. The
Apprentice School secretary handles all
stenographic work.
During these seminar meetings any
member may present for group discussion
a problem he has encountered on the job.
The usual procedure is then to refer this
problem for further study to a committee
of two or three members most interested.
Their preliminary reports are consolidated
into a tentative report, which does not
become final until experience has shown
that it is accurate and complete.
The material developed by the seminar
group will be used as the basis for a night


school class which w
Electrical Union in
practical problems
will also be used froi
Industrial Training
Union Educational
and improve the ele


Apprentice


ill be operated by the
about a year. The
and their solutions
m time to time by the
Coordinator and the
Committee to correct
ctrical program in the


School.


To select the group in this first seminar,
lists of names prepared by the Electrical
Supervisor and the Chairman of the
Education Committee were compared.
The first ten names to appear on both
lists were chosen. Vacancies occurring
from time to time will be filled by men
selected by the remaining members of
the group.


PATIENCE AND SELF RESTRAINT were badly
needed by commissary patrons when a $15 coupon
book accidently spilled out in front of a long line of
customers. Mrs. Florence McElhone and her young
son, Mickey, here demonstrate the apparently hope-
less task of gathering and refolding the yards of com-
missary coupons in front of a line of impatient Christ-
mas customers in Cristobal Commissary.
The same forbearance is being urgently requested
by Commissary Division officials for the next few
weeks while the cash sale? system is being firmly
rooted in several retail ?tores.
The system, first instituted experimentally last
April in the Ancon Commissary, was extended in
succeeding months to the retail stores at Curundu,
Cocoli, Pedro Miguel, and Gatun.
It was inaugurated at the remaining U. S-rate com-
missaries when they opened their door for business
Thursday for 1952. The stores changing from the
time-honored coupon system to cash aales at the first
of this year were those in Balboa, Diablo Heights,


Ancon last April will be used in all stores with the
cash system. All employees with limited purchase
privileges are required to have cash purchase cards.
For the convenience of local-rate patrons at Gam-
boa Commissary, cash purchase cards will be issued
monthly by the Payroll Division to all Dredging Divi-
sion employees who make up the bulk of the patronage
there. Other local-rate personnel trading in Gamboa
Commissary will be issued cash purchase cards on re-
quest by the commissay managers or their assistants.
All U. S.-rate commissaries will redeem unused
coupons until January 15. After that date unused
commissary coupons may be cashed only at Balboa
and Cristobal Commissaries until the end of April,
after which they may be exchanged for cash only at
the Finance Bureau offices at Balboa Heights.
No extensive alterations were required at any of the
five commissaries which adopted the cash sales plan
this month. However, for the past several weeks
personnel in the various stores have been in training
to make the system work smoothly. Despite the care-





January 4, 1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


The Supply and Service Bureau and the
Engineering and Construction Bureau
share the Best Record award for the
month of November. This is the first such
award for the former and the third for
the latter.


The figures to date indicate that
Industrial Bureau is showing an impr
meant of 57 percent over their all-time
frequency rate established in 1950.
each and every employee of the Indust
Bureau we would like to extend our i
gratulations for a job well done.


THE SAFETY PROGRAM IN THE
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU


The year 1951 has
improvement in the
Industrial Bureau.
it appears that the
previous year will b
in half. This record
chance, but is the re
gram which had it
years back.
Accident prevention
cess of education o
principles of safety a
a safety conscious a


.* .4
..'..



- '5' 4S
* 1
4" _ **


shown a tremendous
safety record of the
As this goes to press,
accident rate for the
e cut approximately
is not simply due to
*sult of a safety pro-
ts beginning a few

m is primarily a pro-
f all hands in the
nd the cultivation of
attitude in each and


in line of duty since
on November 2,1951,
en Joseph Jarrett, a
longshoreman at Cris-
a hatch aboard the


Russell T. Wise has been transferred
from the Municipal Division to the Safety
Branch as Public Safety Assistant.


HONOR


ROLL


Bureau Award For
BEST RECORD
November
SUPPLY & SERVICE
ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION


AWARDS THIS CALENDAR


Civil Affairs ....
Engineering and Constrt
Industrial . _. .
Community Services . ..
Supply and Service ..
Health...
Marine .. . ...
Railroad and Terminals


action -


YEAR
.--- 4
3
3
2
~.- 3
1
1
S 0
0


Division Awards For
NO DISABLING INJURIES


every man. It is on this idea that the In-
dustrial Bureau Safety Program is based.
Foremost in the program are the weekly
five minute safety talks which are given
each Monday morning by supervisors in
each shop. Each worker thus starts his
work week with a fresh reminder of safe


practices.


Each supervisor


r selects his own


subject which may consist of
discussion of unsafe practices no
shop, or may be drawn from
topics selected from safety public
standard safety talks of the
Safety Council. Safety must b
resold and these five-minute
probably our most effective
doing it.
Use is also made of the J(
Committee Meetings as a mea
voting safety. Here safety is


a simple
)ted in the
applicable
ications or
National
e sold and
talks are
means of


point Shop
ns of pro-
an active


and recurring topic, the meeting not only
serving as a medium for management to
stimulate interest in safety, but also as
one by which employees can and do intro-
duce safety suggestions. Similarly, at the
weekly production meetings safety is
discussed, when the occasion warrants,
with the senior shop supervisors who are
responsible for safety in their respective
shops.
A third measure to keep all hands alert
to accident hazards is the bimonthly
safety inspection conducted by a repre-
sentative group of the Industrial Bureau


Lt. Cmdr. W. M. VINCENT, USN
Representative for Industrial Bureau Director


and a member from the Safety Branch.
A written report of this inspection is given
to each shop, which must submit a report
of the corrective action taken.
In short, the Industrial Bureau Safety
Program is directed at making every em-
ployee safety conscious and cognizant of
the fact that safety is everybody's business.


Four Divisions will receive Honor Roll
certificates for no disabling injuries during
their operations for the month of Novem-
ber. They are: Motor Transportation,
Municipal, Railroad, and Hospitalization
and Clinics.


The Canal Zone Government-Panama
Canal Company experienced an accident
frequency rate of 12 for the month of
November. This frequency rate is the
result of 34 disabling injuries and a man
hour exposure of 2,765,255. The year to
date frequency is 15.


N?_-- _ 1- -


The first fatality
May 1950 occurred
at 6:55 a. m., wh
Terminals Division
tobal, fell through
SS Panama.


=- in





6 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW January 4,1952


It Was Christmas...










tl-" h . .


AT COROZAL HOSPITAL where Col George
Hesner and his prize patient, 101-year-old Fred
Huggins, watch as the Christmas tree is being deco-
rated. A special Christmas party was held later in
the Occupational Ward. The tree was decorated by
the Chief Nurse, Mrs. Della G. Pilkerton, Miss
Maie McNeff, and Mrs. Mactha White, with the
help of some of the patients. AT TI E CIVIL AFFAIRS BUILDING

What with office parties, trimming
Christmas trees or decorating their houses
and the last minute shopping which
jammed commissaries until closing hour
on Christmas Eve, employees had a busy
time. The younger generation was busy
too, with the annual collection made in
some of the schools for less fortunate boys l
and girls. -.
At Balboa High School alone, a Student." .
Association sponsored committee headed . .
by Robert Peacher collected approxi-
mately 1,050 articles of food, clothing, .
and toys. The collection was distributed,-.*
by the students to the St. Joseph of . ..,
Malambo orphanage, the Bella Vista
Children Home, and the Red Cross.
Cocoli Taken Over By Navy AT THE ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH


Pending Permanent Transfer -"

The town of Cocoli was transferred to
the Navy January 1. The transfer was on
a permit basis in anticipation of a more
permanent arrangement for which legisla-
tive authority is necessary. Only that _
portion of the town east of Bruja Road
was included in the transfer. The high-
way remains under the control of the '
Canal Zone Government.
As of the first of this month 58 Canal _
t5:i1-a0 0Am 10 (1ven1 k00bk1l1.0 ma 0f;11 I 7





January 4, 1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


1952


Brings


Income


Tax


Problems


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Panama Canal Preu
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
F. K. NEWCOMER, Governor-President
H. D. VOGEL, Lieutenant Governor
E. C. LOMBARD, Executive Secretary
J. RUFUS HARDY, Editor
ELEANOR H. MCILHENNY
OLEVA HASTINGS
Editorial Assistants
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, suggestions,
criticisms, or opinions of a general nature
will be welcomed. Those ofsufficient interest
will be published but signatures will not be
used unless desired.
SUBSCRIPTION-$1.00 a year
SINGLE COPIES-5 cents each
On sale at all Panama Canal Clubhouses,
Commissaries, and Hotels for 10 days after
publication date.
SINGLE COPIES BY MAIL-10 cents each
BACK COPIES--10 Cents Each
On sale when available, from the Vault
Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building,
Balboa Heights.
Postal money orders should be made pay-
able to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Com-
pany, and mailed to the Editor, THE
PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, Balboa Heights,
C.Z.


Forty
In


Years Ago
December


Looking ahead, legislators of the United
States Congress 40 years ago were plan-
ning for the days when the Canal would
be in operation.
Two bills concerning tolls were intro-
duced into the House by Representative
J. R. Knowland of California (he visited
the Canal Zone later that same month) to
provide for tolls and transit charges.
One provided for tolls and charges for
vessels owned by the United States and
for U. S.-registered ships in the inter-
coastal trade. This bill provided that the


Forefront


Although reminded
the painful subject


slips, the
trend of
matter of
It is the
ment with


And, f
quired


turn of thi
thought toc
their income
season for
Uncle Sai


For


d twice monthly of
by their deduction
e year brings a new
employees on the
xe taxes.
making a cash settle-
n on taxes for 1951.


or many employees who are re-
to do so, it is the time of the year


to file an estimate of
The deadline both


their 1952 incomes.
for filing final returns


on 1951 incomes and estimated tax decla-
rations for 1952 is March 15, but officials
of the local Internal Revenue Office have
urged taxpayers not to delay and be in-
convenienced by a late rush of customers.
January 15 is the deadline for filing
amended income declarations for 1951.
Relatively few Canal employees are con-
cerned with amended declarations and
those who are may, if they so desire, file
their final returns by the January 15th
deadline in lieu of amended declarations.
Pointers On Tax


As a convenience to employees a few of
the general features about income taxes
are presented in this issue of THE PANAMA
CANAL REVIEW. Detailed instructions
are available in printed form at the In-
ternal Revenue offices in Balboa and
Cristobal, but those employees with
complex income tax problems should con-
suit with the personnel of Internal Reve-
nue Office. Wendell L. Lindsey is Senior
Deputy Collector-in-Charge and John A.
Phillips is Assistant Deputy Collector.
Another Deputy Collector is to be as-
signed to the Canal Zone during the
present tax collection period.
Later this month, perhaps near the end
of January, all employees will be furnished
with statements of their total pay and the
total amount of money withheld for taxes
during 1951. These statements, Form
W-2, will be furnished in duplicate by the
Payroll Division.
Types Of Returns
There are three types of income tax
returns, briefly described as follows:
1040-A. This is a simplified form which
may be used by those employees with in-
comes from wages of less than $5,000 a
year and an outside income of not more
i 1 h J f\. -h *'"1i 1* *I


Canal


Zone


Employees


1040 LONG FORMS. This form is re-
quired of those with incomes of $5,000 or
more; those with outside incomes of more
than $100; and those who itemize their
deductible claims. Generally, those in the
latter category have deductions amounting
to more than 10 percent of their salaries.
Taxpayers using the 1040 Long Forms are
required to compute their taxes for the
year and mail a check or money order
with the final returns for any amount due.
If the tax is less than the withholding
credit, a refund will automatically be
mailed when the return is filed.
Many inquiries have been received
concerning the filing of new Exemption
Certificates, Form WA, for this year.
This is not required unless there has been
a change in the number of exemptions
claimed. When there is an increase min
the number of exemptions claimed an-
other Form W-4 may be filed at any
time. A new Form W-4 is required within
10 days when the number of exemptions
is decreased.
1952 Tax Estimates Required
A large number of Canal employees will
be required to file estimated tax declara-
tions for 1952. Generally, those required
to do this are those whose income from
wages exceed $4,500 a year after sub-
tracting all their exemptions at $600 each,
and those with an outside income of


more than $
be filed by
where the a
the year is
the taxpayer
the amount


100 a year. These forms must
March 15. In those cases
mount to be withheld during
less than the estimated tax
ris required to pay in advance
due. Such payments may be


made quarterly, semi-annually, or annu-
ally, but at least the first-quarter payment
must be made when the estimated tax
declaration is filed.
An ample supply of income tax forms,
estimated tax declarations, and informa-
tion pamphlets has been received by the
local Internal Revenue Office. Forms
1040 and 1040-A as well as forms for
estimated tax declarations will be dis-
tributed to all Canal Zone Post Offices.
This is being done solely as a convenience
and employees have been specifically





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 4, 1952


Keeping C

Is The


anal


Channel,


Harbor


Division'


SOpen

Main


Dispatchers, boarding parties, pilots,
and lock crews would soon be men without
jobs, the people of the Canal's Dredging
Division believe, if there were no harbors
for ships and no channel through the
Canal.
It's the main job of the Dredging Divi-
sion to see to it that there are just exactly
those two things: Navigable water at the
Canal terminals and a channel which is
unobstructed and deep enough to accom-
modate any transiting vessel.
Aside from this, of course, the Dredging
Division also operates the two 250-ton
cranes, Atlas and Hercules (which crossed


the Atlantic from Germany during
First World War), a fleet of tugs,
boats, and launches, and the gravel
on the Chagres River which d
thriving sand and gravel business.
Every morning, before any ship r
the narrow confines of Gaillard
where as recently as 1931 slides t


* ^.. r^ aA\
* ^ iiii
-4. 4.* < y ^ *.
a 4 f ' *
* .,


ig the
motor
plant
oes a


caches
Cut-
halted


traffic completely-a hydrographic engi-
neer who is as familiar with the Cut as
most people are with their own back yards
makes a careful examination of the 6.7-
mile long section between the upper end
of Pedro Miguel Locks and Gamboa.
From a bosun's chair on top of a slowly
moving launch, he scans the banks and
the channel to see that during the night
no goodsized boulder has rolled from the
side into the water or that no slide of even
the smallest size has occurred.
Breaks Shows Potential Slide
The other morning, for instance, George
T. Darnall, Jr., who is one of the Dredging
Division's hydrographic engineers (highly
trained civil engineers) spotted a small
cracking on the east bank of the Cut. The
break was within the old East Lighthouse
slide area.
From the launch Mr. Darnall could see
no slide, but he noticed that poles which
carry electric lines to the bank lights were
leaning. Over the Division's specially as-
signed frequency-radio communication
was installed some two years ago-he
asked that a gang be sent to make a more
careful examination. Although only some
25 or 30 cubic yards of earth were sub-
sequently found to be hanging loose on
the bank, a closer inspection revealed that


..4
-. . .*

- -- - ---


BEHEMOTH AMONG DREDGES is the suction dredge Mind, one of the largest in the world.
It can operate efficiently at 70 feet below the surface and can swing the 106-foot "ladder" which holds
its intake pipe in a radius of 300 feet. A typical day's work is the digging of close to 40,000 cubic
yards in a little less than 20 hours.


some 45,000 cubic yards of earth had
settled and constituted a potential slide of
serious proportions. A drag survey was
made immediately and since no material
had entered the Canal channel, it was not
necessary to set a buoy to mark the shoal.
But this area will receive close attention
until it is determined that the material
has ceased to move.
Annual Sounding Made
Once each year, and oftener in the Cut,
the Dredging Division makes a complete
sounding of the harbors and the channel
to see that no "lumps" have developed on
the bottom and that no unusual amount
of shoaling has occurred.
For these soundings the engineers use
sounding leads and the comparatively
new fathometer, which is a combined
electronics and sound device indicating
depth by echo.
In addition, the Division sends out
"drag gangs" whose boats plod up and
down the Canal, five of them fanning out
behind a launch. Each of the small boats
is straddled by a wide wooden crossbeam
frnim which hverr wram amlnonl wnll


seven months, could take over the water-
way if they ever got out of hand.
Part of the water hyacinths Mr.
Womack and his gang of 34 men find
(they use the launch USS Hyacinth on
these trips) are pulled up by hand and
loaded into pangas for dumping onto dry
land where the plants promptly die.
Other water hyacinths get a more mod-
ern treatment. They are sprayed with
2-4-D, a plant hormone compound which
speeds up metabolism so that the plants
eat all of their reserve food and die,
gorged to death. The dead plants shrivel
and rot away into the water, finally
sinking to the bottom.
Grass vs. Hyacinths-Tie Score
Destruction of the water hyacinths has,
ironically, caused increased growth of
their traditional enemy, river grass. The
hyacinths choke out the grass and the
grass retaliates in kind; removal of the
hyacinths upsets Nature's balance and
the grass flourishes unhindered. It must
be cut by hand, as no chemicals have been
found to kill it.
Sometimes the destruction of theqp


Dredging


ob





January 4, 1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


/ ^
.1�"A�


S -t'-^- -- , --


-. -..- .
-- - .- -~
- - -- -. . a .


J 1 I PC--------


miles long. Additional
pontoons, stand ready


^* ^ .-/ -
V ~


DIPPER DREDGES like the U. S. Cascadas are the useful, if not handsome, floating steam
shovels which help keep the Canal open for traffic. In case of blockage of the Cut or some other vital
spot, the Cascadas would dig it away with its 13� cubic yard bucket.


up bucketful after bucketful o


gray sludge and
scows alongside.
Every time her
a man to stand in,
to scrape off the
dredge shuddered


dripping


dumping it into huge

bucket, big enough for
hit bottom and started
'lumps," the whole big
and shook. The oper-


ator on that particular shift was S. S. Shobe,
naturally known because of his initials as
"Steamship."
He and his gang on the Cascadas are


among the few men who come to w
a different time every day. They
work by the clock; they work b
moon-inasmuch as it affects the ti
Even the 79-foot "stick" which
the 48,000-pound bucket is not
enough to reach bottom in Balboa'
tides, so the Cascadas crews work th
hours before and four hours after
low tide. At 9:30 a. m. the other d,
hour after low tide, the bucket was h
bottom in 42 feet of water.
Held in place by her three great sp
a spud is a sharp-pointed vertical
forced by power through a socket
dredge to anchor it or hold it ste


ork at
don't
y the
des.
holds
Long
s high
ie four
mean
ay, an
hitting

uds--
post,
in the
ady-


two forward and one aft, the dredge is
raised a little and slants up slightly toward
her square bow. She is, more or less, a
great floating steam shovel but is three or
more times the size of most earthbound
erniinmenn


crew who are so proud of her could ever
call her the glamour girl of the Canal. But


she has had an exciting
helped to free, by digging
under it, more than one
A recent incident of this so
Georgia which ran onto a
Sherman on July 2, 1947.
sort, as in that of theLaure
which ran aground in IM
Dump 8 in Gatun Lake, a
sometimes excavates as n
cubic yards of earth befi
refloated.
The Cascadas dug the ta
trans-Isthmian pipeline in


it crosses Gatun Lake a


and for most of


Canal.
cranes
sank a
Limon
French
plentifi
sites fo
and ev
pool at


Over
of the
having


She has assi
in raising a
alongside the
Bay and pull
equipment
ul hereabouts.


cable
sted
derri
west
edup
which


life. She has
the bank from
grounded ship.
irt was the Cape
shoal near Fort
In cases of this
nceJ.Gallagher,
larch 1946, at
Sdipper dredge
auch as 11,000
ore the ship is

reaches for the
sections where


nd the channels
crossings of the
the two 250-ton
ck barge which
breakwater in
Some of the old
h was once so


She has


dug out the


r more man one set oi nnger piers
sen excavated for the swimming
Coco Solo.
Dredge in Cristobal
on the Gold Coast the Mindi, one
world's largest suction dredges, was
as busy-if a somewhat quieter-


the line when it has
Canal construction (
dredges were highly
an official comment <
was: "Each of them
eight very good
several dump trains.


sections of pipe,
to be coupled on
be lengthened.
ys, as now, sucti
ought of. In 19
this type of dred
Doing the work


steam
7"


shovels


From the shore where the outlet of the
pipeline was spewing its load to reinforce
one of the levees which are necessary to
contain the spoil and prevent the dredged
material from flowing back into the chan-
nel, the pipeline foreman radio-telephoned
that he needed more clay. The operator
maneuvered the controls which raised one
of the two 70-ton spuds which hold the
Mindi stationary, swung the whole great
rectangular craft in an arc until the 100-
foot, 300-ton ladder could reach bottom
where charts showed him clay had been
found. A few minutes later water spilling
from a connection in the pipeline turned
red; clay was going through.
Rattle of Rock


Operations
ways as quiet
Sometimes th(
or sandstone
cutter blade
dredging is t
bladed rock c


teeth, just
is changed.
coral form
rattle and b
the intake
Once in


on the dredge are n
as they were the othe
SMindi is working on a
formation. The s
which is used for
hen replaced by an
utter with six rows of


as the
This
nations.
ang as
and ti
a while


blade on a
Cutter che
SPieces o
they are pu
he pipeline.
Sa piece


ot al-
r day.
coral
heath
earth
eight-
large


meat grinder
iws into the
ff the coral
filed through


(Sze pagO 15)


* a -. t. r


time. This monster, which measures 225
feet from one end to the other, had her
32-inch intake pipe buried deep in 42 feet
of water, sucking up clay and mud from
the bottom of Cristobal harbor.
At the controls which guided the suc-
tion pipe and maneuvered the spuds was
Carter Orr, one of the Division's senior
suction dredge operators. He could not
see the bottom where the pipe, like the
intake on a huge vacuum cleaner, was
drawing in the muck at the rate of some
1,600 cubic yards an hour. And he also
could not see what was spilling out of the
other end of the discharge line onto
Telfer's Island, almost two-thirds of a
mile away.
The length of this discharge pipe is not
unusual; sometimes the pipe lines are two


<


*





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 4,1952


Looking


Backward-


95


In


Retrospect


JANUARY: When the year opened,
the worst polio epidemic in Isthmian
history was still going on and $250 a day
was being spent for care of C. Z. polio
patients. The March of Dimes opened its
annual drive.
The Zone's first Internal Revenue
Office"opened; the first paychecks were
received with tax withheld. President
Truman asked $11,893,000for the Panama
Canal in his budget message.
Edward D. McKim and T. Coleman
Andrews were named to the PRR Board
of Directors. Three bills to remove the
retroactive income tax were introduced
into Congress. Crafts workers got a
raise. George Green Memorial park
was dedicated.
FEBRUARY: Governor Newcomer
appointed a three-man committee from
the Board of Directors to study reorgan-
ization problems at first hand. They met
in Balboa; prepared recommendations for
the March meeting of the entire Board.
Polio restrictions were lifted. Air raid
instructions were issued to personnel at
Balboa Heights.
A draft board was authorized for the
Canal Zone. A. C. Medinger was named
Selective Service Director. Air raid
sirens sounded when an unidentified plane
was reported over Gatun.
The Canal Zone was exempted from
price controls. It was the rainiest Feb-
ruary since 1915.
MARCH: Governor Newcomer and
Arnold Bruckner, Finance Director, at-
tended the Board meeting in Washington.


Policies for the Pa
were set. Consulta
for a study of Canm
Cash sales start
sary. The Kobbe
Zonians filed esti
law firm was emp
workers to test vali(
The Supply I
Panama Governme
to the Interior to l
meat, dairy, and
A. C. Medinger
Canal representative
Police Officer Peter


nama Canal Comp.
nt accountants arri
al-Railroad procedi
ed in Ancon Comr
school opened.
imated tax returns.


)loyed by a
dity of tax for
departmentt
nt sent repress
ook over the
forest produ
was named


any
ved
ure.
nis-

A


group of
the Zone.
and the
ientatives
supply of
cts.
Panama


re on the Wage Board.
Proback shot a record


200 out of 200 in the annual pistol meet.
APRIL: The "retroactive" rainy sea-
son continued.
The fourth bill to eliminate retroactive
tax was introduced into Congress.
The Canal put through its 150,000th
commercial ship. Retired employees were
told that they could not hold quarters in
the Zone more than a year after retire-
ment. The Silver City swimming pool
opened. Zonians learned that a large new
town was to be built at Summit.
MAY: A 300-acre tract of land near
Corozal was transferred by the Army to
the Canal for the new local-rate town of
Cardenas.
Bullets landed in the Canal Zone as
Panama changed its government. During
the disturbed period trains operated only
in the Canal Zone; New Cristobal schools
were closed.
First moves were made in Washington
for employee pay raises.
Gasoline went up two cents. The last


air raid
people w
the lawn
JUNE
Reed's B
The B
laws for
Local
sworn in
Over 200


siren was installed and 3,000
watched Cuna Indians dance on
of the Administration Building.
: The House passed Rep. Daniel
ill to kill retroactive income tax.
oard of Directors approved by-
the new company.
Selective Service officials were
and local draft plans set up.
civilians registered for the anti-


aircraft program.
A new medical tariff was announced for
July 1. Also announced was a uniform 20
percent surcharge for goods and services
to all but intra-government users.
Arnold Bruckner, Finance Director, re-
tired. Firemen and teachers went on a
bi-weekly pay basis. Deadline for pay-
ing the 1950 tax was extended three
months.
JULY: The Panama Canal and the
Panama Railroad merged into a single
Government-owned corporation with
assets of over $500,000,000.
President Truman signed the bill re-
moving retroactive income tax, soon after
it had passed the Senate.
Curundu Commissary went on a cash
basis.


All employees are to be paid by check.
Summit and Cardenas were chosen for the
names of two new Zone towns. Housing
assignments in Cocoli were frozen. Red
Tank's "Titanic" and "Iceberg" were
being vacated for demolition. A new
Contracts and Inspection Division was
established.
AUGUST: A pay raise bill for classified
employees was reported by a House Com-
mittee. The Civil Defense office closed-
no funds.
Plans were announced for consolidation
of dispensary services from Ancon, Bal-
boa and Pedro Miguel at Gorgas Hospital.
A change of the northern terminus of
the Panama Line was being studied.
Headquarters of the Railroad and Termi-
nals Bureau were moved to Cristobal.
Schools reopened for some 4,000 local-
rate children. West Indian Commemora-
tive stamps went on sale.
SEPTEMBER: Canal Zone men be-


tween
Select
first d
in the
The
record
The
ington


the ages of 18 and 26 registered for
ve Service, 227 of them on the
ay. Six men, who had registered
States were inducted.
white schools reopened with a
first day registration of 5,161.
Board of Directors met in Wash-
to consider the 1953 budget.


Plans for a new ice cream and milk
bottling plant were announced. Bids
were advertised for new houses in Silver
City. Paul Blanquet, an engineer from
the Suez Canal, visited the Canal Zone.
A plan under which employees may buy
rented furniture was announced.
A. C. Garlington, Electrical Engineer,
retired.
OCTOBER: President Truman signed
the pay raise bill but Congress upped the
income tax. Crafts workers got a pay
raise.
Panama Line ships were tied up by the
East Coast strike.
After a study of the cost of reopening
Margarita Hospital, it was decided to
abandon this plan and retain Colon
Hospital.
Canal traffic was the highest since
March 1939 but tolls were down. The
annual Community Chest drive got under
way.
NOVEMBER: Pay raises went into
effect for some 14,000 local-rate workers.





January 4, 1952


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Hear


That


Whistle?


Here


Comes


901


Deck Passengers


Locomotive
ions, which be'
they entered th
all arrived as
Panama Line
three was unlo


the Ancon by
crane Hercules.
tives arrived on th
the two following
unloaded by the fl
Addition of the
brings the Panam
total of 14. Five
class," which were
are also Diesel-e
"800 steam Mika
bought in 1942-


BEFORE: This is how one of the Panama Railroad's new locomotives looked when it arrived
from New York aboard a Panama Liner. The 250-ton crane Hercules was taken through the Canal
to Cristobal to unload the crates and their 75-ton loads.


901 and its two co
came 902 and 903
e service a few days
deck cargo aboat
ships. The first
aded November 2(


mpan-
when
later,
d the
of the
i from


the 250-ton floating
[he other two locomo-


e Panama and Cris
weeks, and were
eating crane.
three new locomol
a Railroad's fleet
of them are the
purchased in 1940
electric; six are of
Ldo class" which
the last previous


tobal
also


chase-and the remaining three are the
new "900 class" series.
Railroad officials explained that the
"class" number has nothing to do with
the age or date of purchase of the locomo-
tives or with their tonnage rating. The
numbers are simply a serial number given
locally to designate the type of engine.
In 1940 the Panama Railroad had
purchased five locomotives from the
American Locomotive Company. These
had been numbered as the 700 class but
were all sold to a States purchaser last
September.
In the near future the railroad expects
to retire some of its older locomotives,
starting with the 800 class of steam loco-
motives. These are oil burners.
First Oil Burners In 1909
The first oil burners for the Panama
Railroad had arrived on the Isthmus in
1909 but have long since been relegated to
wherever it is that outworn locomotives
go. Twelve of the original oil burners had
been purchased in the United States and
shipped to the Canal Zone knocked down.
At the time the original oil burners
arrived, the Panama Railroad had in ser-
vice 297 locomotives, 124 of which were
old French engines. Nine others were the
Decauville type, also dating back to the
French construction period.
Four others were 18-ton narrow gauge
construction engines, for use on the spill-
way work at Miraflores. Like the latest
new locomotives, they were shipped in
big cases and unloaded by crane at
Cristobal.


AND AFTER: With three transcontinental round trips to its credit on its first day of operation,
Locomotive 901 is already a seasoned veteran. People still turn to look, though, when they hear its
melodious three-toned tootle.


College


Offering





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 4, 1952


Plans Now Being Made
For Summer Recreation


First


Chief


Nurse


Honored


The 1952 school vacation may seem a
long way off but plans are already being
made for the summnner recreation program
in the Canal Zone communities.
A meeting of the Canal Zone Recreation
Board has been called for January 12 in
the D)istrict Court offices in Cristobal.
Officers of the board, elected at a recent
meeting for 1952, are: E. D. White, Jr.,
President; Hamilton Lavalas, Vice Presi-
dent; Elman Clark, Secretary; and J. E.
Winklosky; Treasurer. Also elected at the
meeting were Mrs. G. O. Parker as Coor-
dinator for the U. S.-rate recreation
activities, and Stanley Loney as local-rate
Coordinator. Both served in those posi-
tions during the past year.


1-i
*"*- *1^
-*; . . *^
** ./ ..^.^^ i
^ * / >^
. *^ '1
. * * *' .^ .
: ** \- *'i^
*" . . . * ;^'


.4


MEDICAL


-\

'.


TARIFF


Part 2


6. INx-PATIEN r CAR.E--GCorgas and
Hospitals, a. The per diem charge wi
accordancefl Xith the rates prescribe
column 1. Table 2 and includes subsit
routine examination, nursing care, dre
and other routine procedures not lis
Table 5.
b. Private room charges: additional:
(1) Private room, with batlh per day.
(2) Private room, without bath. per day -
(3) Double room. with bath, per day. each
occupant . -w-i--t-- - - -. --- -------.- -
(4) Double room, without bath, per day. each


occupant --..--.-- - - -- .
C. Special nurses or spe
requested by patient:
(1) Special nurse. 8 hours ---.
(2) Special attendant. 8 hours -
d. Companion of patient:
diem rate, plus $2.00 per c
e. Newborn infants: Nc
born as long as mother rei
Otherwise, the charge will
rate of the mother.
f. Number of days in hi
mine the total number of h
charged, the day of ad
counted regardless of the h
and the day of discharge wi
unless the patient is disch
of admission.
g. When a patient has bh
three months, report will
Health Director, giving suc
1 o- n U


Ci I


attenda


MEMBERS OF THE NURSING profession in the Canal Zone were


Col
11 be
)ed1
; ten
ssinl
.ted


$4.00
3.00
2.50
1.50
nts, if


-.---- S15.00
-4.00
The patient's per
:lay.
Charge for new-
nains in hospital.
be the per diem

)spital: To deter-
ospital days to be
[mission will be
our of admission,
ll not be counted,
arged on the day

een in hospital for
be made to the
h data as diagno-
r .-


honored early in December


when a memorial plaque for Miss Mary Eugenie Hibbard was unveiled at Gorgas Hospital. Miss
Hibbard wa3 the first Chief Nurse at Ancon (now Gorgas) Hospital and was the first woman employed
by the Isthmian Canal Commission for service in the Canal Zone.
The picture above, taken just after the brief ceremony, shows Miss Jessie M. Murdock telling
Governor Newcomer some of the incidents of the early Canal construction days. Miss Murdock was
also employed in 1904 as a nurse at Gorgas Hospital and later succeeded Miss Hibbard as Chief Nurse.
She made the presentation in behalf of the Woman's Auxiliary of the New York Society of the Panama
Canal. The plaque was unveiled by Mrs. Clifford Payne, former Gorgas Hospital nurse, and was
accepted by Colonel Clifford G. Blitch, Superintendent of the Hospital.


status, the charge will be $4.00 per day.
(b) Patients having a Local Rate or
status, the charge will be $2.00 per day.
(c) For all other classes of patients the
be $6.00 per day.
b. The Health D)irector has aut
reduce the foregoing rates when, i
creation, such action is warranted.
c. Admission to Corozal Hospita
be made except on the prior author
Health Director.


equivalent
charge will
hority to
n his dis-

l will not
ity of the


9. PALO SECO LEPROSARIUM-a. No
charge will be made for patients admitted
to the Palo Seco Leprosarium, except for
those admitted for the account of the
Panama Government, for whom charges
will be in accordance with the agreement
negotiated with that Government.
b. Admission to Palo Seco Leprosarium
will not be made except on the prior author-
ity of the Health Director.


TABLE 2
TABLE OF CHARGES-GORGAS AND COLON HOSPITALS


SALARY GROUPS


Obstetrical care
including 6 days'
ward and operating
room charge, spon-
taneous deliveries
only.
(2)


Hospital Wards
(per day)


(1)


Surgical opera-
tions and diag-
nostic procedures
percent of max-
imum charge
(see Table 5)
(3)


EMPLOYEE representatives attend-
ing the Governor-Employee Confer-
ence recently requested publication,
in THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, of
the Medical Tariff. The second part
appears below. The first section was
published in the December issue of
THE REVIEW. The Medical Tariff will
be concluded in the next issue.


* * ta
^^^r ' **i4

f4


I


I






January 4, 1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Gorgas Messenger Foreman
Handles Manifold Duties

The first contact a good many people
have with Gorgas Hospital is with Gui-
llermo L. Dixon, who has been foreman of
the hospital's messenger service since 1942.
His title belies his duties, however, and
he is considered by a good many people at
the hospital a main cog in making its
wheels go around.
More than one employee patient has


receive
efforts.
has had
or pare
hospital
than oi
surgery
by this


.,i .I -ma Im
A DEMONSTRATION of the actual workings of the new, money-saving traction controller for
towing locomotives on the Canal Locks is being given by its inventor, Kenneth L. Middleton, Junior
Control House Operator at the Pacific Locks. Interested spectators are Captain Robert M. Peacher,
Marine Director (right) and Roy C. Stockham, Chief of the Locks Division. Mr. Middleton was
awarded $200, the highest amount yet won by an employee since the cash award system for employee
suggestions was instituted in August 1946. Mr. Middleton proposed a design for general modification
of the internal parts of the locomotive traction controllers in October 1950 while engaged in wiring
new towing locomotives built by the Industrial Bureau.


Shis paycheck throi
More than one won
news of an ailing brot
nt when Dixon relic
information desk.
ne person has been
for prompt emergency
slim young native o


igh Dixo
tried relat
:her or sis
eves at
And m
rushed
y treatm'
if Bocas


n's
ive
ter
the
ore
to
ent
del


Toro Province.
There was the time during the war, for
instance, when an injured machinist was
brought to the hospital from his ship. He
had been repairing the ship's guns and a
recoil spring had slipped and struck


tions Abou
Answered


t Fluoridation
By Water Experts


With fluoridation of Canal Zone water
as a partial preventive against dental de-
cay about to become a reality Zonians
are naturally curious about some of the
effects this will have.
As an answer to some of the most fre-
quently asked questions about fluorida-
tion, Maintenance Division officials cited
an article appearing recently in the
monthly publication of the American


Water Works Association.
The Association had subm
questions to the United S
Health Service, the answers
condensed below.
The policy of the United
Health Service, according to
Water Works Engineering M
recommend increasing the
centration to the optimal l1
from 1.0 to 0.65 part per
pending on the climate, in
where the supply naturally c
t.hln th nntimrn frmmint: ,


fitted several
states Public
to which are

States Public
the monthly
magazine, is to
fluorine con-
evel, varying
million, de-
those cities
contains "less


flinrinnn ,n


children, or that their sight or hearing
is affected.
Other studies have disclosed no delete-
rious systemic effects, and reports of toxic
effect from fluorides in the amounts
added to drinking water have been shown
to be unfounded.
The method to be used in the Canal
Zone calls for sodium silicofluroide and is
less expensive than that using a related
chemical, sodium fluoride.
The chemical will be applied to the
water supply at the Miraflores and Mount
Hope filtration plants, which supply
water not only for the Canal Zone but for
Colon, Panama City, and the Panama
City suburbs as far as Juan Diaz.
The cost of the fluoridation is estimated
at about $12,000 for one year.

Employee Groups Ask Board Conference


(Cowtinued from page s3)
Ar l i 1[ * I


in rental rates.
1*


GUILLERMO L. DIXON


his head. Dixon was the only messenger
around when the patient reached the hos-
pital. He was certain that the injured man
wasdying but hurried him into the elevator


and upstairs to surgery. No one in the
hospital was more delighted than Dixon
when the patient recovered.
Dixon went to work at Gorgas Hospital
in 1940, some two years after he came to
Panama City. His first job was as an
assistant in the kitchen, delivering food
1 I 1 * �


Quesi


11






THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


January 4, 1952


JANUARY


4th- American Legion,
G;unbdoa Legion 1lall, 7
V.F.W., No. 3857, New
p. mn.
5th --Track Foremen, N
Shops, Iaill)oa..
6th Masters, Mates, ar
27, D)iablo Clu )house,
7th Postal Employees,
boa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p.
American Legion, P'ost


Post
:30 p.
Crist o


2741,


nd Pilot
) a. m.
No. 23161
In m.
No. 3,


so. 6,

1, 7:30
B& B

s, No.
3, Bal-
Ga tun


Lodge Hall. 7:30 p. in.
V.F.W., Post No. 727, Fort Clayton,
.:30 p. ni.
V.F.W., Post No. 3822, Cunrundu Road
7:30 p. in.
Pedro Miguel Civic Council, Union
Church, 7 p. m.
Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council,
Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m.
8th-American Legion Auxiliary, Post
No. 1, Balboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.
Electrical Workers, No. 397, Balboa
Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion, Post No. 7, Fort
Clayton, 7:30 p. m.
V.F.W., Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout
Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
Gatun Civic Council, Gatun Clubhouse,
7:30 p. m.


9th-American Legion,
Cristobal Legion Hall, 7:
Pacific Civic Council,
Administration Building,
10th-Painters, No. 1232,
Balboa, 7 p. m.
llth-Blacksmiths, No. 4
with Boilermakers, Nos
Margarita K. of C. Hall,
13th-Plumbers, No. 606, M
C. Hall, 9:30 a.m.
14th-Machinists, No. 699,


Post No. 2,
30 p. m.
Board Room,
7:30 p. nm.
House 0838,

00 (combined


. 463 and 44
7:30 p. m.
margarita K.

Margarita


)1)


of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion, Post No. 1, Balboa
Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.
15th-Operating Engineers, No. 595,
Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m.
16th A.F.G.E., No. 14, Balboa Clubhouse,
7:30 p. m.


V.F.W., Post No. 40
tlall, 7:30 p. m.


Balboa K.


American Legion Auxiliary, Pos
Gatun Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.
17th -American Legion Auxiliar:
No. 6, Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:3
18th V.F.W., Post No. 3857, Nev
tobal, 7:30 p. m.
20th-C.L U -M.T.C., Margarita
house, 8:30 a. m.
21st-Electrical Workers, No. 677,
Masonic Temple, 7:30 p. m.
22d ---Operating Engineers, No. 59
boa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m.


American Legion, Post No. 7
Clayton, 7:30 p. in.
V.F.W., Post No. 100, Old Boy
Building, Cristobal. 7:30 p. m.


of C.


t No. 3,

y, Post
0 p.m.
,v Cris-


Club-
Gatun
5. Bal-


Scout


23d -A.F.G.E., No. 88, Margarita Club-
house, 7:30 p. m.
American Legion Auxiliary, Post No.
2, Cristobal Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.
24th-Governor- Employee Conference


Board


Room, Administration


2 p. m.
28th-V.F.W. Auxiliary, Post
Post Home, 7:30 p. nm.
Machinists, No. 699, Marga
C. Hall, 7:30 p. nm.


January


Cristobal
Ancon .
Panama
Cristobal


From


Ancon
Panama.
Cristobal -
Ancon
Panama


Building,
No. 3822


rita


K. of


Sailings
From Cristobal


January 4
January 11
January 18
January 25
New York


_January 2
-_January 9
-January 16
January 23
_ January 30


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS

From November 15 Through December 15


The following list contains the names of
those employees who were transferred from
One division to another or from one type of
work to another It does not contain withm


grade promotions or regradings.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Albert H. Evans, from Adminis
Assistant to Assistant Chief, Adminis
Branch.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU


nH3 *1


trative
trative


Mellvaine. from Clerk. Hotel


Mrs. Grace E. Brown, from Traffic
Clerk, Terminals Division, to Supply Clerk,
Housing Division.
Mrs. Maurine K. Jenks, from Substitute
Teacher, Division of Schools, to Clerk-
Typist, Housing Division.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU


Arthur N. Asad, from Auto Repair
Machinist, Motor Transportation Division,
I-n ('onntr,-ntion loniinmprnt Maintnnnr'ce


THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR


Joseph A. Farr, Sen
Engineer, Dredging Divi
Frank H. Irwin, D
Engineering Division.
Albert J. Mathon,
Division.
Bert G. Tydeman


ior Chie
lsion.
signing


f Towboat
Engineer,


Lieutenant,


, Junior


House Operator, Atlantic Locks.
25 Years


*Hazel A. Alsing,
S. C. Callender
Clubhouse Division.
Richard E. Cox,
Commissary Divisio
Walter A Wiem
Housing Division.


Wilbur C.
of Health Lal


Control


Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
, Clubhouse Manager,
Administrative Officer,


Housing


Manager,


20 Years
Dunscombe, Chemist, Board


ratory.


Howard M. Fuller,


Accounting Clerk,


Finance Bureau.
George K. Hudgins, Pilot, Navigation
Division.
George L. Radel, Tunnel Operator,
Machinist, Atlantic Locks.
Roy C. Stockham, Chief, Locks Division.
15 Years
Paul L. Beck, Principal, Cristobal High
School.
Felix A. Boles, Senior Machinist, Aids to
Navigation Section.
Edward J. Brady, Assistant Relief Fore-
man, Railroad and Terminals Bureau.
Bernard J. Brown, Chemical Engineer,
Engineering Division.
*Martin W. Carmody, Road Conductor,
Railroad Division.
Robert C. Daniel, Yard and Road Con-
ductor, Railroad Division.
*Si d n e y Hayes, Policeman, Police
Division.


*Scott J. McKay, Chief Towboat
Engineer, Dredging Division.
Harry W. Moist, Assistant Roundhouse
Foreman, Railroad Division.
*Raymond M. Schneider, Locomotive
Electrician, Railroad Division.
Kathryn P. Stapf, Cash Accounting
Clerk, Railroad and Terminals Bureau.
*Bernice Stephenson, Clerk, Motor
Transportation Division.


ANNIVERSARIES

Employees who observed important an-
niversaries during the month of December
are listed alphabetically below. The number
of years includes all Government service,
with the Canal or other agencies. Those
with continuous Canal or Railroad service
are indicated with (*)
41 Years
J. E. Schriftgiesser, Administrative As-
sistant, Motor Transportation Division.
35 Years
Anthony Fernandez, Foreman, Marine
Bunkering, Terminals Division.
30 Years


1~~~~~~~~~~ * .t*, l'' L :*''* - -


Tt hI^- R


bo





January 4,1952


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Board
Com


15


Expected To S
muanv Finance


S


Itudy
Matters


(Continued from page 1) which are on the
agenda is the question of moving the
northern terminus of the Panama Line to
a more southerly port. Estimated costs
of securing the service of expert consult-
ants on this are to be presented.
The primary purpose of the meeting on
the Isthmus is to give Board members an
opportunity to study Canal operations at
first hand and orient themselves with
conditions here. Some of the members


TIPS FOR TYPISTS have been given to 50 of the Canal's experienced stenographers and typists
on the Pacific side and plans are being made to organize similar classes on the Atlantic side. The above
picture shows Mrs. Mary B. Eugene, Balboa High School teacher who is conducting the classes,
giving individual help to one of the "students."
Three classes have already been held at the Junior College in Balboa and another is scheduled for
this month. The classes last for one and a half hours and are attended by about 17 regularly employed
typists who are excused from their duties to attend. The special instruction has proved instructive
and highly popular although some of the students were somewhat sceptical before attending. The
classes were organized by the Training Section of the Personnel Bureau.


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
(Continued from page r4)
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Mrs. Helen M. Cicero, from Card Punch
Operator to Tabulating Machine Operator,
Personnel Bureau.
RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU
William J. Rose, from Auto Repair
Machinist, Motor Transportation Division,
to Locomotive Machinist, Railroad Division.
Mrs. Barbara M. Hutchings, from
Clerk-Stenographer, Administrative Branch,
to Clerk-Typist, Steamship Ticket Office.
Robert Ward, from Wood and Steel Car-
man to Car Inspector, Railroad Division.
Frank P. McLaughlin, Jr., from Cornm-
missary Assistant, Commissary Division, to
Foreman, Cribtender and Gauger, Terminals
Division.
SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
Desmond S. Doli, from Principal Fore-
man, Municipal Division, to Chauffeur,
Large Truck, Motor Transportation
Division.
SAFETY BRANCH
Russell T. Wise, from Construction
Engineer, Municipal Division, to Public
Safety Assistant, Safety Branch.


HOUSING
(Continued fro
issue of the
room house
back of th
type, class


PROGRAM INTO HIGH GEAR
m page 3) illustrated min this
REVIEW is a single, three-bed-
e with a covered terrace at the
ie living room. Another new
ed as a three bedroom house,


actually has one small and one large bed-
room with a. foldin nrtiftinn tn iiArn


RETIREMENTS IN DECEMBER
Employees who retired at the end of De-
cember, their birthplaces, titles, length of
service at retirement, and their future ad-
dresses are:
Mrs. Mary G. Hammond, Connecticut;
Tabulating Machine Operator, Accounting
Division; 14 years, 7 months and 11 days;
Ramsey, N. J.
Dr. Philip Horwitz, Poland; Quarantine
Officer, Cristobal; 31 years, 7 months and
16 days; future address uncertain.
Mrs. Edna M. Judson, Massachusetts;
Claims Examiner, Finance Bureau; 20 years,
7 months and 21 days; Boston, Mass.
Jacob F. Krause, Pennsylvania; Junior
Control House Operator, Atlantic Locks; 31
years, 9 months and 10 days; Pitman, N.J.
Mrs. Della G. Pilkerton, Virginia,.
Nurse Supervisor, Corozal Hospital; 35
years, 7 months and 6 days; Delaplanes, Va.
John F. Stopa, West Virginia; Head
Stevedore Foreman, Terminals Division,
Cristobal; 11 years, 11 months and 16 days;
New York City.

system including appurtenant structures.
Work under the other group contract is


the co
plant,
similar
These
well as
supply
service


instruction of a sewage treatment
and two concrete water tanks,
Sto those to be built at Cardenas.
will furnish water for Paraiso as
for Summit. In this bid are water
mains, appurtenances, and a
road.


Dredging Division Keeps Canal Clear
a/n'nu,,.,af frnm,,,, om Q\ 10on,�L"Qrl sh-ny irrh


have never visited
The September 1
was originally sched
Canal Zone but t
changed. Governor
the invitation for a
last September and
of the Board that
should be held here


the Isthmus.
meeting of the Board
[uled to be held in the
he plans were later
SNewcomer renewed
Canal Zone meeting
it was the consensus
at least one meeting
annually.


No Fixed Schedule
No fixed schedule of events has been
planned since this will depend largely on
the extent of the stay of the individual
members. Plans are being made, how-
ever, to give all Directors ample opportu-
nity to acquaint themselves thoroughly
with the wide variety of activities con-
ducted by the Company and to inspect
the various Canal installations.
The Governor hopes that arrangements
can be made to hold only a brief orienta-
tion session Monday and delay until later
in the week the principal business sessions.
This will give the visitors a better oppor-
tunity to study or discuss problems in-
formally on an individual basis before any
formal consideration by the Board as a
whole.
Secretary Not To Attend
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, Jr.,


Stockholder of the
able to attend t
Others not expected
Gray, President
North Carolina an
the Army, John W
tive Assistant of t
Army, Lt. Gen. R.


Company, will be un-
he January meeting.
d to attend are Gordon
of the University of
d former Secretary of
. Martyn, Administra-
he Department of the
A. Wheeler, Ret., and


Maj. Gen. G. E. Edgerton, Ret.
The Secretary of the Army's Office will
be represented by Karl R. Bendetsen,
Assistant Secretary of the Army, who is
Chairman of the Board and will preside
at the meetings. Mr. Bendetsen arrived


. *





THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


January 4,1952


evived


An old Canal Zone institution,
has been part of the life of Pacific


off and
vived
League
This
nmer, fo
will be
Balboa
week s(


on since about 1916, will
January 13 when the T
opens its baseball season fo
year Twilight" will be a
r a majority of the league's
played under the lights
Stadium. A schedule for t
eason is now being made up a


Pacific


Side


Provide


uilight I

Season


league

of Baseball


which
Siders
be re-
wilight
r 19)52.
misno-
games
of the
the II-
nd will


a=
aC
- -z




IJm
0i=0


^a^o
-->


ll for four games weekly, one of them a
uble-header on Sunday afternoon.
The daytime games will be held to
ven innings; those played at night will
in the full nine innings.
Four teams, each limited to 20 players,
1 of whom will be local amateurs, will
,ake up this year's Twilight League.
They will be the Old Timers, Working
oys, Balboa High School team, and a
Lam from the Balboa Boys' Club.
Popcorn, hot dogs, and soft drinks
which will be sold during the games will
dd to the baseball atmosphere.


To Foster Baseball Interest


When the League was reorganized late
last fall, its bylaws described the purpose
of the league as being: "To foster oppor-
tunities for young men desiring to further
their baseball abilities and to create an
interest in a game that will produce up-
standing citizens and leaders of the fu-
ture. It is also intended to bring to the


communities a form of


recreation and


entertainment."
Umpires will be from the Army League
and uniforms are being provided by each
team's sponsor.
An additional feature this year will be
the scouting of Joe Cicero, whose 21-year
baseball career included tours with the
Boston Braves, Philadelphia Athletics,
and Cincinnati Reds. He has been ap-
pointed a scout for the Brooklyn Dodgers
and will attend all games, looking for
likely big league material.
Baseball on the Isthmus is almost as
old as the beginning of the construction
period. In 1906, when American work on
the Canal was only two years old, an Isth-
mian Baseball League was flourishing.
Baseball was played everywhere, mostly
in the dry season, but the season some-
timaoq rvYtndrd wll int.n th mid-summnr


TWILIGHT LEAGUE games have always attracted local baseball fans. A number of oldtimers
can be spotted here, in this undated photograph which was taken probably in the late 1930's a or early
1940 s. Enjoying the game from the front row is Earl Stewart, then employed in the Accounting De-
partment. Behind the unidentified woman is Captain George Hudson, a Canal pilot. Others, left to
right in the second row are: Robert Glaw, a former Paymaster; Captain Arthur Luther, for many
years a Panama Canal pilot; M. B. Huff, who succeeded Mr. Glaw as Paymaster; Fred Brady, of
Wilford & McKay, shipping agents. In the third row are: an unidentified man, LeRoy Magnuson,
Floyd H. Baldwin and J. E. Heady. ______


Players represented various towns or
divisions and in 1907 a move was on foot
to form teams made up of natives of
various States. In September 1907 an
all-Kentucky team was hurling challenges
to various other State teams, its particular
desire being to cross pitches with the men
from Georgia, who had organized a team
at Culebra.
Diamond Laid Out


In 1914, when Canal headquarters
transferred to Balboa, one of the
things done was the laying out of a 1
ball diamond "between the Balboa c
and the Street railway tracks."
The first mention in Canal files
Twilight League did not come until
when the League, through its presi
Major W. R. Groves (then Chief Qum
master), asked permission to use the
mand hrhind the Balboa Commi


were
first
base-
orral


of a
1916
dent,
arter-
dia-
ssarv


from January 1 to July 1. Eight clubs
played in the league that year: The
Supply Department, Metal Trades Coun-
cil, Pacific Terminals, Car Repair Shop,
the Boiler Shop, the Accounting Depart-
ment, the Electrical Division, and the
Building Division.
Past presidents of the Twilight League
include R. K. Morris, also a former Chief
Quartermaster, George H. Cassell, now
General Manager for the Housing Divi-
sion's Southern District, and R. W. Glaw,
former Paymaster.
A. C. Medinger, now Deputy Director
of the Marine Bureau, was top pitcher for
the Metal Trades team in the 1918 season.
One of the high periods of the Twilight
League's history was during the early
1930's. By that time the ball grounds in
Balboa had come to be known as "Razz-
berry Park," and baseball fans rushed
thoro rirht affl-r wnrkl tn sn tho fniir


Again


d(
(Io


te
w
at