Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
October 1951
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
23584335 ( ALEPH )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

Gift of the Panama Canal Museum

PANAMA


CANAL


====


Vol. 2, No. 3 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, OCTOBER 5, 1951 5 cents


EMPLOYEES


RENT


TO


RATES


NO


UPPED


INCREASE


RENTALS;


QUARTERS


Commissary Joins "Set Aside"
Plan For Canned Goods Buying
The Panama Canal Company has joined a cooperative buying program set up by
the United States Department of Agriculture and the Armed Services to insure a
steady supply of certain canned vegetables and fruits which may be limited for
general consumption owing to heavy purchases for military needs.
The Company's participation, through --- -- --
its Commissary Division, has just been Board Chairman
announced by R. L. Sullivan, General
Manager of the Division.
Through this program, he explained,
the Commissary Division will obtain
approximately $411,000 worth of canned
supplies during the current fiscal year, or '
about seven percent of its wholesale
grocery supplies.
Some of this canned goods is already
on sale in local-rate stores and will be
appearing on the shelves of other com-
missaries within the near future.
Other government agencies participat-
ing in the Department of Agriculture's
"Set Aside" program are the armed serv-
ices, the Veterans Administration, and
the Federal school lunch program.
Mr. Sullivan explained that the Pan-
ama Canal Company's participation in
this program is a "cautious policy to
assure supply-to plan in advance in an
uncertain period."
The Department of Agriculture, he KARL R. BENDETSEN
said, made surveys all over the United _____ Assistant Sec:etary of the Army


States to determine what crops and pro-
duce might be expected to be "in short
supply," and then arranged to set aside
the quantities to coverithe needs of the
federal units participating in the plan.
During the fiscal year ending next
Tnfl .1-1...f IN......1


A can of each of the new brands


opened, as was one of the unlabelled
One of the unlabelled tins was f
from markings on the packing case,
from the "Fancy" quality pack
nationally advertised brand.


was


cans.
found,
to be
of a


899


Affe


Non-Employees
cted by Decision


of Company


Directors


There will be no rental increase on
quarters for employees of the Panama
Canal Company and the Canal Zone
Government at the present time. Non-
employees, however, effective November
1 will pay a surcharge of 100 to 150 per-
cent on Panama Canal Company quarters.
The decision on the rental rates was
made at the latest meeting of the Com-
pany's Board of Directors September 17
in Washington.
Governor F.K. Newcomer, as President
of the Company, had recommended that
the rent for employees not be increased
but that surcharges, planned almost a
year ago, be put into effect for those non-
employees in Company quarters.
Announcements of the increased rental
for the non-employees will be sent with
the November bills early in October.
Late in September, there were 899
non-employees, occupying Canal quarters
in the Canal Zone, who would be affected
by the rental increase.
The plan for the increased rents for the
non-employees is substantially the same
as that outlined last January 17 when the
surcharge was first announced.
On May 10, however, the increase
which would have been effective July 1
was suspended temporarily pending a fur-
ther study by the Board of Directors as
1t -^ --L A- j I*** r^ r.-iktff f ll I H LJ 1- nn r mnnn-f 'WVT


- i ii^C.


HAVE


FOR


NON-EMPLOYEES'





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5,1951


Lo


firefighters


Are


Charter


Members


Of


International


SFiremens
Firemen s


Association


OFFICERS of the Canal Zone Firefighters are typical of the youth of the men of the organization. The
Local's president, William M. Price, is now in Washington; but acting president Joseph F. Dolan, left, and
secretary-treasurer Frederick Mohl, right, posed for the photographer at the Balboa Fire Station. Mr. Dolan
has been a fireman for the past nine years and has a brother min the organization. Mr. Mohl is a past president.


Although not the oldest nor the largest
of Canal Zone labor groups, Local 13 of
the International Association of Firefight-
ers is one of the most active labor unions
on the Isthmus.
At one time, the union was involved in
a stormy conflict with the administration
-when the union opposed volunteer fire-
men-and the administration took the un-
precedented step, on August 15, 1949, of
breaking off relations with the Firefight-
ers. Matters were eventually smoothed
out, to the satisfaction of both parties,
and since April 24, 1950, Local 13 has
been re-recognized and now deals with the
officials of the administration in a more
placid atmosphere.
The Canal Zone Firefighters have been
members of organized labor since 1915,
according to their president, William M.
Price. In 1918, when the International
Association of Firefighters was formed,
the Local on the Canal Zone was one of


States locals working here on a permit
basis, all the Canal Zone Firefighters'
union members belong to Local 13.
Must Be A Qualified Fireman
To join the Firefighters Union, a candi-
date must be a qualified fireman, and if he
previously had been a member of another
labor union, he must have a clearance
from that union. That is, if a new Canal
Zone fireman had been a carpenter or a
painter or a bricklayer before he joined
the firefighting force, he must be able to
produce a card that he has separated from
the Carpenters' or Painters' or Bricklay-
ers' Unions in good standing.
It takes six months for a man to qualify
as a fireman in the CanaLZone. When he
is first employed, he is assigned to one of


the Central Stations, either Balboa or
Cristobal, for his initial training. During
the first six months he is on probation and
during that time is given monthly exami-
nations to determine his ability and apti-
tude for the job. At the end of the six-
month period, he must pass a written
examination to become a regular fireman.
Firefighters pay an initiation fee of $5
and dues of $2 monthly, which go to cover
union expenses. In addition, the local is
assessed its share of legislative represen-
tation costs.
Unlike some of the other local labor
groups, the Firefighters offer no planned
extension classes to their members. But
they frequently have special meetings for
special instruction. During the last war,
for instance, a Navy captain lectured
them on the hazards of fire at sea, and
other instruction was given on new phases
of first aid work, which most people do
not know is an important part of a fire-
man's duties.
jLocal 13 of the Firefighters has played
a prominent part in community affairs for
many years. Among other events, fire-
men always attend the Fifth of May mem-
orial exercises held each year in Panama
City by the Panama Bomberos and take
part in the November celebration given
by the Bomberos each year. They parade
regularly on Memorial Day and during
other special occasions on the Canal Zone.
One of their most successful ventures
occurred in 1941 when the Firefighters
sponsored two dances, one at the Strangers
Club in Colon and the other at the Union
Club in Panama, to raise funds for the
British Firefighters' Relief Fund. The
moneyraisedwas sent to the International
in Washington which turned it over to
the British National Fire Brigades Asso-
ciation for distribution to needy firemen
and the families of men "fallen in the
course of duty."
Local 13 is a contributor to all organ-
ized drives and charities in the Canal
Zone and has sponsored a (See page 7


a.... -S ________________ ---C -




October 5, 1951


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Silver

Site


City

Bids


Two


Housing,

Advertised,


New


Division


Heads


Bid Schedule Released


Bids were advertised September 28 for
site preparation and construction of pave-
ments, utilities, and buildings for the Sil-
ver City townsite extension, the first proj-
ect to be advertised in this year's
$11,000,000 building program.
The bids will be opened at Balboa
Heights the morning of November 27.
The bid invitations carry the condition
that bidders be prepared to start work
within 30 days after November 27 and
have the entire work completed 270 cal-
endar days after they are given notice to
proceed.
Forty-eight masonry duplex buildings
of 96 apartments are included min this
project.
The project is divided into two parts.
The first, in the name of the Canal Zone
Government, consists of site preparation,
construction of pavements, sewers, street
lighting, etc. The second, in the name of
the Panama Canal Company, is for con-
struction of the other utilities and all
quarters buildings. The Panama Canal
Company will act as agent for the Canal
Zone Government and will be responsible
for the administration of the entire proj-
ect for both contracts.
Invitations will also be issued for bids
on other construction projects as follows:
The Ice Cream and Milk Bottling Plant
at Mt. Hope, November 16, with bids to
be opened January 16; the Paraiso town-
site extensions, north and south, where
230 apartments in 115 buildings are to be
constructed, November 9, with bids to be
opened January 8; clearing, rough grading
and preparation of Summit townsite, ap-
proximately 200 acres, November 15, with
bids to be opened January 4; construction
of 10 apartments in 9 buildings at Diablo
Heights, November 10, with bids to be
opened January 8; construction of 59
apartments in the Chagres Street area in
Ancon, December 14, with bids to be
opened February 12; construction of 80
apartments, at Margarita, in approxi-
mately 56 buildings, December 28, with
bids to be opened February 26; clearing,


TWO DIVISIONS of the Engineering and Construction Bureau have new Chiefs this month.
J. Bartley Smith, left, will succeed A. C. Garlington as Chief of the Electrical Division. His appointment
however, cannot be made final until the expiration of Mr. Garlington's leave. A native of Terre Haute, Ind-
iana, Mr. Smith came to the Canal Zone in June 1928, shortly after his graduation from Rose Polytechnic
Institute. He was among a number of young men being employed at that time, directly out of college, by
The Panama Canal. All of his Canal service has been with the Electrical Division.
Harold H. Feeney, right, is the Chief of the new Contract and Inspection Division. With his wife and
three children, he arrived here September 24 from Camp Ritchie, Maryland, where he was Project Engineer
for the Engineer Corps. For about seven years previously he had served as resident engineer, assistant chief
of the construction division, and chief of the inspection section of the Buffalo Engineer District.


Pay Raise C
Discussed


1ne


(


At


Pay raises, rental procedure changes,
future use of the Balboa dispensary build-
ing, and stories on the recently completed
anti-aircraft program in the Canal Zone
were among the major subjects discussed
September 27 at the latest Governor-
Employee "Shirtsleeve Conference."
The conference is held usually the last
Thursday of each month at Balboa
Heights and is attended by representa-
tives of organized labor, civic groups, and
administration officials.
In connection with pay raises pending
in Congress, the conferees were told that
Classification Act increases in the Canal
Zone Government will be a matter of law.
Company employees in classified positions
will receive the same benefits. In the case
of Canal Zone Government employees
whose rates of pay are not fixed by law
(teachers, firemen, postal clerks), there is
no authority to apply raises retroactively,
Acting Governor Herbert D. Vogel pointed


3f Major
Monthly


Subjects
Conference


ferring the branch library from Diablo
to the Balboa dispensary building. Plans
are also being considered for use of part
of the dispensary by the Commissary op-
tical department. A first aid station will
be set up at the dispensary.
The Atlantic side hospital situation is
not decided, the Acting Governor said.
Engineers estimate that an expenditure
of about a quarter of a million dollars
would be needed to re-open Margarita
Hospital in an adequate operating condi-
tion. Eventually, Col. Vogel predicted,
a hospital will have to be built at Mar-
garita; for the time being, Colon Hospital
will continue in use. He also denied
rumors that Colon Hospital's obstetrical
ward would be closed.
Discussion of publication by the Chi-
cago Tribune syndicate of a story unfavor-
able to volunteers in the anti-aircraft pro-
gram was opened by James Boukalis, of
the Machinists. Mr. Boukalis had a clip-





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5,1951


Panama Canal Faced With More Difficult Problems


Anniversaries


Than Su
Difficulties of terrain o
Panama are far greater t
the builders of the Sue
meet 100 years ago, Pa
Chief Engineer of the S
pany, told THE PANAMA


ez


Canal


French


Engineer


Thinks


n the Isthmus of
han those which
z Canal had to
ul A. Blanquet,
uez Canal Cornm-
CANAL REVIEW


last month as he ended a week's visit to
the Isthmus.
M. Blanquet, the third Suez official to
visit the Panama Canal in a little over
three years-J. Georges Picot, Assistant
Director, and Paul Reymond, Naval offi-
cer min charge of transits, were here in
March 1948-expressed "a very high ad-
miration for what I've seen here."
Because of the excessive Isthmian water
supply, Panama Canal engineers have to
anticipate flood conditions, that is, build
dams against overflows and to be sure
that there is not too much water, he said.
"We have the reverse condition. Life
in our canal zone is only possible when
sweet (fresh) water is brought in from the
Nile. We are dependent for our life on
that sweet water," he continued.
The Panama Canal Zone, he said, has
a mountainous terrain where everything
is green and there is an abundance of veg-
etation. The Suez Canal Zone has noth-
ing but desert sand and low ground; vege-
tation is found only in those areas where
fresh water has been brought in.
The Panama Canal Zone is in a tropical
climate; the Suez Canal Zone has a semi-
tropical climate.
Another major difference min the two
canal zones, M. Blanquet pointed out,
is that of government.
"Here you are working on the basis of
a treaty between the United States and
the Republic of Panama by which you
are responsible for administration and
public safety and the hygiene of this zone.
"We are a charter company in the coun-
try of Egypt. Therefore, we are under
the Egyptian government in everything
pertaining to law, administration, munici-
pal needs, and public life.
"Finally, you, as long as your treaty
exists, are eternally here; we are in Egypt
as a concession, and only to 1968."
At the present time, M. Blanquet con-
tinued, the conditions as to how the Suez
Canal will be operated after the expiration
nf the comnanv's nnnamwinn are hbinu


PAUL A. BLANQUET


ered invulnerable, M. Blanquet told THE
REVIEW.
"We have had the experience of two
great wars. During World War I, we saw
the arrival of a Turkish army, which was
repulsed from our canal zone by French
and British troops. In World War II for
a year we underwent aerial attacks by
Italian and German planes, spreading


mines in our waters and wrecking six
ships. Nevertheless, in these two wars,
our canal had to halt traffic for only a
few days. We consider that no attack,
from air or land, could interfere seriously
with our transits."
M. Blanquet commented that during
his visit to the Panama Canal Zone he had
been shown the model of the proposed sea
level canal, adding that he considered it
a "first class scheme." He went on:
"However, I canreadily appreciate that
it cannot be started under present condi-


tions."
Turning back, for a moment to w
conditions, the French engineer said:
"Let us hope that for both your c
and ours, the needs of navigation
commerce will be the ones which in
future will govern their policies."


orld

anal
and
the


Employees who observed important
anmniversaries in the United States Gov-
ernment Service during the month of
September are listed alphabetically below.
The number of years include all Govern-
ment service, with the Canal or other
agencies. Those with continuous Canal
or Railroad service are indicated by (*).
40 YEARS
*George N. Engelke, Assistant General
Manager, Commissary Division.
35 YEARS
Randall H. Ford, Assistant Superintend-
ent, Motor Transportation Division.
30 YEARS
Arthur V. Corbett, Electrical Foreman,
Electrical Division.
25 YEARS


John


L. Haas,


Bureau.
*J* Arthur Jones,
Division.
John A. Madiso
Pacific Locks.


Machinist,


n


Industrial


Wireman, Electrical
, Tunnel Operator,


*C. A. M. Monsanto, Supervisor, Heavy
Equipment, Motor Transportation Division.
Clyde L. Sharp, Postmaster, Fort Ama-
dor, Postal, Customs and Immigration Divi-
sion .
stn. 20 YEARS
Orin B. Acker, Wireman, Electrical Div-
ision.
Eugene I. Askew, Quarantine Inspector,
Health Bureau.
William C. Bailey, Postmaster, Fort
Clayton, Postal, Customs and Immigration
Division.
Clinton N. Bohannon, Leadingman
Wireman, Electrical Division.
Henry H. Shirk, Lock Operator, Atlan-
tic Locks.
Isabelle C. Wolford, Clerk-Typist, Audit
Division.
15 YEARS
Henry G. Appel, Utility Operator, Mun-


icipal Division.
Robert W.
Division.
Paul Cave,


Blades,
Lock


Policeman, Police
Operator, Atlantic


Locks.
Caleb C. Clement, Lock Operator, At-
lantic Locks.
Wendell G. Cotton, Housing Manager,
Housing Division.
Jasper J. Edge, Locomotive Machinist,
Railroad Division.
Borghild L. Hermo, Teacher, Schools
Division.
*Barbara H. Matthews, Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, Personnel Bureau.
Ralph A. Morales, Welder, Electrician
and Diver, Production Division.
Ira M. Payne, Principal Foreman, Mun-
icipal Division.
Robert L. Ridge, Crib and Engineer,
Steam, Foreman, Terminals Division.


' [ .rLf._ rl[ r.-_1..... -





October 5,1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


FOR


YOUR INTER


AND


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


The INDUSTRIAL BUREAU is to
receive the Bureau Award for Best Record
for the month of August by virtue of a
Frequency Rate of ZERO. This is no
mean accomplishment when we consider
the fact that this Bureau also won the
Best Record Award in July and is now
tied with the CIVIL AFFAIRS BU-
REAU for top position in number of
awards this year.
Investigation reveals the fact that the
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU HAS NOT
HAD A DISABLING INJURY SINCE
JUNE 8, through the reporting period of
August 31. Congratulations, once again.
The Panama Canal Company-Canal
Zone Government with a total man-hour
exposure of 3,129,648 experienced a fre-


quency rate of 15
ust as a result of
the reporting peri
While a frequent
an improvement
best year, it is fell
effort on the part


for the month of Aug-
48 disabling injuries for
od.
cy rate of 15 does reflect
over the organization's
That a more concerted
of those units not con-


tributing to this improvement is well in
order and long delayed.
The GROUNDS MAINTENANCE
DIVISION and the MOTOR TRANS-
PORTATION DIVISION will receive
Division Honor Roll Awards for No Dis-
abling Injuries for the month of August.
The former has won this award three
times this year and the latter five times.
Such results are not easily attained.
They must be worked for enthusiastically
and constantly.


Honor


Roll


BUREAU AWARD FOR
Best Record
AUGUST
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR


CIVIL AFFAIRS
INDUSTRIAL-
ENGINEERING
HEALTH---
COMMUNITY S


AND CONST._

SERVICES,


Fire,


Our


OLD


Enemy


by
Captain A. J. Troup
The Fire Division is planning a pro-
gram for Fire Prevention Week, October
- i-I 1 1 n J l -11 1 1 .-.


7 mrougn 16, t at
testing to the resident
but will bring vivid
the fire hazards that
our homes and will
necessity of taking


caution against m
FIRE. An all-out
during this week b
and fire protection (
out North America
sphere to control
losses. This effort
be successful with v


a

)yI
or
a
a
mn


rii not omly e inter-
ts of the Canal Zone,
ly to their attention
t are ever present in
emphasize the vital
every care "and pre-
n's ancient enemy-
effort will be made
the fire prevention
ganizations through-
nd most of this hem-
nd reduce future fire
Sthe Canal Zone can


rour help.


Fire has caused serious concern ever
since man learned to use it. At first, this


new thing, fire,
convenience to
long before the
could get out
dangerous enen
in its path, all
est, his family,


was a comfort and great
mankind, but it was not
caveman found that fire
of control and become a
ny, destroying everything
man's possessions, the for-
and himself. It was one


of primitive man's early lessons and
through the ages, up to the present day,
the dangerous relationship of man to fire
has been much the same.
One of the most terrible conflagrations
in history was the Great Fire of London,
which occurred in 1666, and which caused
great loss of property and life, but which
had the constructive result of starting a
concentrated effort by city dwellers
toward fighting fire when it got out of
control. In America, the first Volunteer
Fire Company was organized in the year
1736 by Benjamin Franklin in the city
of Philadelphia. A few years later, George
Washington, our first president, wrote to
the foreman in charge of his estate, direct-
ing him to be very careful about fire, and
to watch that it was properly controlled.
Washington was himself a prominent vol-


Capt. A. J. TROUP, Chief, Fire Division


unteer fireman.
Since the days of Franklin and Wash-
ington, steady progress has been made in
man's fight to reduce loss of life and prop-
erty by fire. However, the dreaded enemy


is far from
recent figu
States, whi
of 10,000 liv
ure of 4,0(
never had a
flames. Th
states all t
I, and the
the attention
that exist in
Canal Zon
ashamed of,
seven years
fires. Also
have started


defeated as is evidenced by
res published in the United
ch show an annual loss by fire
res, of which the appalling fig-
)0 were small children, who
chance against the consuming
e loss of life by fire demon-
0oo plainly that we-you and
other fellow-are not giving
n we should to the fire hazards
Sour homes. Our record in the
e is something we must be
, since four children in the last
lost their lives here in home
during the past year, 43 fires
d in Canal Zone quarters and


investigation discloses that nearly all of
them could have been (See page 13)


fl.. 11* *. I R AR RAf **. ITF.. I


I




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5, 1951


Mud,


Dump


Recalled


Trains,


By


Mule


Building's


Rides,


Oldest


Horse


Race


Things on the Isthmus were "in a devil
of a mess" when Robert J. Atherley, sta-
tion messenger at the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights, came from
Barbados to work on the Panama Canal.
The description of Canal affairs, voiced
by President Theodore Roosevelt to a new
chief engineer in 1905, is echoed in sub-
stance by Atherley and other Administra-
tion Building messengers and office help-
ers whose Canal service started that year
and up to as late as 1913.
Oldest in service among the group of
long-timers in the Administration Build-
ing messenger force, Atherley arrived on
June 26, 1905, to see the first of a long
line of "steam shovels and Governors


coming and going."
Two days later, Enos Augustus Finn,
distribution messenger, arrived, also from
Barbados.
Homas George Gibson, foreman mes-
senger and clerk in the Administration
Building mail room, came from Jamaica
about eight months later, arriving Feb-
ruary 27, 1906.
Percy Archibald Eugene Hinds, clerk,
in the basement Document Room of the
Record Section, arrived from Barbados
in April 1906.
The following year, on June 16, 1907,
Ernest Edwin Holder, station messenger
on the third floor, came from Barbados.
Aubrey Edgar Todd, office helper in
the mail room, came from Barbados in
1908.
Alexander Josiah Douglas, messenger
on the "Governor's Station," came from
Jamaica in January 1909.


Ethelridge
nor's station,
messenger fo
the Isthmus.
in February ]


then in a wagon, and finally in a Ford
automobile. In 1917 the chief clerk
taught him to ride a motorcycle and Ath-
erley became the Canal's first motorcycle
messenger.
"Neither Snow Nor Sleet"
Starting as mail messenger at Culebra
in 1906, he carried the mail bags from the
postoffice to the railroad on his head and
shoulders at first because there was no
road. There were a lot of wrecks and
delays on the railroad in those days-
caused partly because the blasting and
digging for the Canal upset the area gen-
erally, he thinks-and he spent many
nights at the railroad station waiting for
the delayed trains to come in so he could
deliver his mail and go home.
Later there was a mule to ride to carry
mail to the station and sometimes, Ather-
ley recalls, he and the mail bags rode the
Governor's horse. Then about 1908 a
mail wagon was acquired, and about 1915,
the Ford. And all this time the postal
service was growing by leaps and bounds
as Canal digging got underway on a big
scale and there were great increases min the
employee force.
In 1930, after about 13 year's service
as a motorcycle messenger, Atherley be-
came a distribution messenger at the


first days on the Isthmus was the sight
of Colonel Gorgas and other medical per-
sonnel unloading a carload of dead and
injured workmen brought to Panama
from an explosion along the line of the
Canal. "I was terribly scared then," he
recalls.
Although he delivered many messages
from the sanitary office in Panama and
later in Ancon, to Colonel Goethals at
Culebra, he remembers the famous Canal
builder primarily for his straw hat.
Gibson became a messenger for the ex-
ecutive offices at Balboa Heights in 1914
and he has been clerk and foreman mes-
senger since 1920. For many years he
operated a photography shop and indus-
trial training class for apprentice photo-
graphers in the basement of the La Boca
Clubhouse.
Hinds had such a strong premonition
of disaster when he arrived on the Isth-
mus that he sent his clothes back home
on the same boat. He contracted malaria
in a few weeks. "You had to drink water
and moss-whatever you could get then,"
he explains. The fever "made him jump"
and he made up his mind to go home just
as fast as he could get there, despite the
taunts of a friend who called him "chicken"
for wanting to leave. Hinds went home


Daniels, also at the Gover-
is the junior member of the
rce, with only 38 years on
He arrived from Barbados
1913.


"They Wanted Young Men"
"They wanted young men to build the
Panama Canal," Atherley says, and the
young men came in droves-many on
two-year work contracts-and a lot of
them went back home soon after their
arrival.
S"Rain, mud, steam shovels, drills,


dump trains going up and down . dig-
ging the Canal right where we lived...


I a ----___ __ i- I I


Messengers


J





October 5, 1951


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


t Laa


PANAMA __ CANAL_
I> ~ *


~y3syv


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
Printed by the Panama Canal Press
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
F. K. NEWCOMER
Governor
HERBERT D. VOGEL
Lieutenant Governor
E. C. LOMBARD
Executive Secretary

J. RUFUS HARDY
Editor

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, sugges-
tions, criticisms or opinions of a general
nature will be accepted. In all cases
possible, letters to THE REVIEW will be
answered individually. Those of suffi-
cient general interest will be published
in this paper. Letters must be authen-
tic and be signed although signatures
will not be published unless requested
and names of authors will be kept con-
fidential. Return address should be
given but THE REVIEW will not under-
take to return correspondence of any
nature.

SUBSCRIPTIONS


Yearly
PANAMA


subscriptions


CANAL


REVIEW


address in the Postal Union:
$1.00
Postal money orders should be
made payable to the Treasurer, Pan-


ama Canal Company, and mailed
to the Editor, THE PANAMA CANAL
REVIEW, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

SINGLE COPIES
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW is on
sale at all Panama Canal Company
Clubhouses, Commissaries, and
Hotels for ten days after publication
date for:


5 Cents a Copy


S "1
Single
general


copies


the close


sales and individual copies


1 '1


POLICEMEN WENT back to school too when the Canal 2
tember 5, making their first appearance of the new school ye
throughout the Canal Zone.
This group of students at the Balboa Elementary School and
along to help them register were directed across the street on
Hollowell, himself a former Canal Zone pupil.


ENROLLMENT UP
The Canal Zone's white schools
pupils than ever before. When t
tion of registration for opening


have more
he tabula-
day was


completed, school officials found that they
had 5,161 pupils registered. This was six
more thann o opening day in 1949, the pre-
vious peak, and 324 more than last year's
first day enrollment.
Registration in the kindergartens and ele-
mentary schools was up; that in the junior


and senior high schools and colleges down
a little.
Balboa elementary school, with 673 pupils,
88 more than last year, has the largest en-
rollment for the Canal Zone's white schools.
Balboa High School is close behind with 657
students, 30 fewer than registered last year.
GORGAS CLINICS MOVE


Outpatient clinics


Gorgas I
their nev
tion B.
Wards 5
Clinics
dermatol
surgical,
orthoped
Building


and the blood bank at


Hospital moved September 17 to
v location on the first floor of Sec-
The clinics occupy space where
and 6 were formerly located.
at the new location are: Allergy,
ogy, pediatrics, cardiac, diabetic,
neuropsychiatric, hospital dental,
ic and urology, and the blood bank.
273 on Goryas Road where some


of the clinics


had been located,


will be


demolished.
Ror-o nn tho thirrd flnnr nf hl Hn-lcnitni1


amounted
claims foi
few days
24. The
tax for ti


;on
ar


are's white schools reopened Sep-
at street crossings near schools
sprinkling of parents who came
opening day by Policeman S. R.


\ to about $125,000.
r refunds were filed he
after passage of the R
Reed Bill revoked th
he Canal Zone.
SCRAP SALES


About 500
re in the first
eed Bill June
e retroactive

UP


Contracts for the sale of thousands of tons
of both ferrous and non-ferrous scrap were
awarded during September in the Canal
Zone, at a price of approximately $183,000.
The contracts were awarded on two batches
of scrap, those for non-ferrous scrap being
awarded on September 6 and for the ferrous
scrap on September 14.
They were the first large lots to be sold
on the Isthmus; previous large sales have
been made through the Panama Canal Com-
pany's Washington office.
The non-ferrous scrap included cast and
sheet aluminum, brass castings, pipes and
tubings, copper wire and screening, monel
metal rods and tubes. The ferrous scrap
included iron pipes, plates, castings, railroad
ties, and heavy metal steel and wrought iron
and steel.
HOUSING OFFICE MOVES
The Balboa Heights Housing Office moved
September 22 from its old location near the
Balboa gasoline station to the offices for-
merly used as headquarters for the Railroad


OF CURRENT INTEREST


4


)
*




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5,1951


Canal

Poets'


Boarding


Enthusiasm


Parties


Do


For


Not


oundin


People who sing of the joys of life on
the bounding main have never been mem-
bers of a Panama Canal boarding party.
A bounding main under a little launch
alongside a five to 10,000-ton ship is def-
initely undesirable.
The three-man boarding party had al-
ready made one trip "outside" to the
anchorage the other morning when they
were called for another batch of ships.
James C. Wood, of Customs and Immi-
gration and, when the occasion arises,
Deputy Shipping Commissioner; L. F.
Bushong, of the Quarantine Service, and
E. C. Flowers, one of the Panama Canal's
admeasurers, had left their home base at
five o'clock that morning and had
"cleaned up" the four commercial ships
and the two banana boats which were
waiting transit.
. Ordinarily their work falls into a differ-
ent pattern, for a usual morning has nine
or ten ships waiting for boarding and the
party does not return to shore until their
relief arrives just before one p. m.
This day was a little different. Soon
after nine o'clock the Canal lookout re-
"ported several more ships in sight. When
the lookout estimated that the ships,
coming in a bunch, were an hour out, the


boarding party packed up
started for the mine dock.
trip out to the buoy at
(this buoy is known to th
"Moaning Schloming," for
they were accompanied
Captains Harry Bach and
were to take over the first
the boarding party had


their gear and
On the launch
the anchorage
e waterfront as
a former pilot)
by two pilots,
M. C. Hill who
two ships when
finished with


them. Two loaded banana boats, which
need no pilots if they are under 65 feet
in length and have a Panama Canal
operating certificate, were boarded briefly
on the way to the anchorage.
Again, unlike most days, the water
outside was glassy and the launch Emer-
ald rolled only a little as she waited at
"Moaning Schloming" for the inbound
Queen Adelaide.
Party Boards First Ship
First man aboard, when the Queen
Adelaide pulled up, her accommodation
in A- > A**..- nl..A n .1.. AJ anr nT~ n e. ffi Iw L n 12 fnnl m a


BOARDING PARTIES have three men each, unless a new ship requires more than one admeasurer.
This group is all from the south. L. F. Bushong of the Quarantine Service, left, is a Virginian. He has been
here since 1934 and with the Quarantine Service since 1948. James C. Wood, center, Customs and Immigra-
tion officer, was born in Alabama but grew up on the Canal Zone. He has been with Customs for 11 years.
Florida-born E. C. Flowers, an admeasurer, was a school teacher until he went to the waterfront a few months
ago.


mouth-disease infested countries. The
master listed for Mr. Bushong his ports
in New Zealand, his dates and the one
expected stop after leaving Cristobal.
Provisional, Free Pratique
If the Queen Adelaide had been docking,
things would have been handled in a
slightly different fashion. She would have
been examined for rats and insects and
general sanitation, if she carried only a
small amount of cargo and timepermitted.
If she were found to be clean, she would
have been given a "Free Pratique," which
guarantees that she meets all quarantine
standards of the United States Public
Health Service. She would then have
been permitted to dock.
If she were heavily loaded and thorough
examination impossible, she would have


gow), her time charter (proving that she
was running under charter to the New
Zealand Shipping Company), and her cer-
tificate of inspection, to show that she had
complied with regulations as to personnel,
equipment, and safety. He was given a
copy of the Queen Adelaide's manifest
(most of her 6,000 tons of cargo was tal-
low), and began to check the crew list.
He found that she was carrying 33 men,
including one DBS (Distressed British
Seaman) who had come from a ship of
the same line. This DBS was a Belgian;
Mr.Wood had him called to the cabin to
check that his papers were in order.
No Explosives Aboard
The Queen Adelaide carried no explosive
or inflammable cargo; had she had any of
this aboard, Mr. Wood would have had
vif Aa^-fmnrrdn nlho-hior Hw irc hoing P21'-


Share


ain"





October 5, 1951


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


at sea in case of non-docking ships. Or
Mr. Wood could have visaed the Alien
Crew List, signed on a seaman, noted the
Ship's Log for previous crew changes or
served as arbiter between master and
crew had there been trouble or misunder-
standing.
As he checked the crew list, Mr. Wood
determined that there were. no Japanese
or Germans aboard. They would not have
been permitted to land in the Canal Zone,
without special permits issued in advance.
Admeasurer Checks Tonnage


Mr. Flowers had not
Queen Adelaide was not
Canal waters and had
measured. Mr. Flowers
and other statistics on
questioned Captain Hy
structural changes which
made since her last vis


none. iHe


been idle. The
a newcomer to
previously been
had a notebook
the vessel. He
slop as to any
might have been
it. There were


also checked her register against


his office's figures from which the ship's
tonnage certificate had been made up.
Panama Canal net tonnage is not the
registered net tonnage of a vessel. The
Queen Adelaide, for instance, had a regis-
tered net tonnage of 2,993.44 tons; her
Panama Canal net tonnage was 5,024.82.
On this basis her tolls were computed at
$4,522.50.
Had there been any structural changes
on the Queen Adelaide, Mr. Flowers would
have measured them physically. He
would have had to determine what spaces
were exemptible or deductible (space for
ship's stores, is; space for stores for sales,
is not, for instance) and would have made
allowance for them. Complex mathemat-
ical formulae are used to calculate these
measurements, since, of course, the nat-
ural curves of a ship's structure must be
allowed for. Most admeasurers are engi-
neers; Mr. Flowers became an admeasurer
a few months ago after years of teaching
mathematics.
Ships making their first transits, are,
of course, measured completely. Much of
this work is now falling on admeasurers
on both sides of the Isthmus, as all gov-
ernment vessels, formerly tolls exempt, are
now being measured for "credit tolls"-
i. e., the Panama Canal Company's books
are credited with tolls which such vessels


would pay were they not government craft.
Three Ships Waiting
The boarding party's complicated busi-
ness was handled swiftly. There were
three other ships waiting. Next on the
list was an intercoastal vessel, the Noon-
day. Because she was out of Honolulu,
a U. S. port, she flew no quarantine flag.
Lightly loaded with only 2,754 tons of
cargo, mostly canned pineapple, she rode
high in the water. The men of the board-
ing party had to jump to reach her accom-
modation ladder. She presented no prob-
lems and the boarding party moved on
to the 3,805-ton Anchor Hitch of the
Grace Line's feeder service.
Officers of the Anchor Hitch were new
and did not have her papers ready. Since


she was to dock
more ship waiting
dispatcher, by
launch, ordered
leave the Ancho2
next vessel. As
shore half an h


and since there was
Eg for transit, the Bal
radio telephone to
the boarding party
r Hitch and go on to
they finally headed
our later, they saw


afternoon boarding party going on
Anchor Hitch.


Last stint of the day was a


lumber-


loaded Greek, the Maria G. Culucundis,
whose name in English bore only the
faintest resemblance to the Greek-lettered
name on her stern. She had no complica-
tions and was disposed of quickly.
While the boarding party was aboard
each ship, L. H. Anderson, who has been
operating launches for the Panama Canal
for 20 years, kept the trim white Emerald
moving back and forth alongside the big
ships. A native of Jamaica, he has lived
in Panama since he was two months old,
and has worked for the Canal since 1923.
An occupational hazard of his job is sea-
sickness, but "you get accustomed to the
motion," he said.
Sometimes, especially in October and
November, rough water makes boarding
at the anchorage too hazardous for even
the stalwarts who do it day after day.
In such cases, the pilots go aboard from
tugs and the boarding party does not
board until the ships are brought inside
the calmer basin.
Mr. Flowers, a comparative newcomer
to the waterfront, had not yet experienced


any hair-raising experiences.


ong, however,
party last yea
Frank Mayo wa
age. And Mr.
to think of the
caught between
side of a ship.
ladder hung, h
the ship had t
hanging despera
from the side of
Once in a wh
funny. There w
ago, when a Cu
smuggled drugs
ed from a ship.
recovered enough
point-and then
trying to collect
watch.


3


was one
r when
is drown
Wood st


The
author
Wrecki
French
Canal
taken i


Isthmian


sized the sale, to
ing Company f
equipment and
Zone that had
nto stock for us:
V 1 1 1


Canal


Mr. Bush-


of the boari
Customs of
ed at the anc
till does not


time when his hand was
a Jacob's ladder and the
The rail, over which the
id broken. Men aboard
o lift it, Mr. Wood still
rely on, and shove it away
the ship.
ile, things are reasonably
as the time, some years
toms officer on watch for
saw packages being toss-


He dived into the water,
[h to be used to prove his
i, he recalls, spent months
ct a claim for his ruined


Em roR's NOwE: This is the second of a series of
stories concerning the men whose business it is to
put ships through the Panama Canal. The next
will deal with the pilots.


Forty

In


YearsAgo

September


Although the Panama Canal


to be open
struction
mark. Les
vation was


1911,
all the
getting


ed for almost thr
work was well ove
ss than one-fourt
Still to be done.
over 66 percent o
locks was in pla
machinery for th


ee ye


the half-way
l of the exca-
)n September
the concrete
e. The work
operation of
ith the prep-


r


locks had been started w


Commission


the Chicago H
or $215,000, o
scrap metal ii
not already
m or was not alr
j i1 I 1 1


housee
)f all
n the
been
eady


aration of foundations for the machines
to operate two of the Stoney gate valves
on the west wall of Gatun Locks.
Specifications and plans for the locomo-
tives which tow ships through the locks had
been completed and sent to Washington so
that bids might be asked. Forty locomotives
were to be needed for the Gatun, Pedro Mi-
guel, and Miraflores Locks. The system of
towing, which is described at great length
in the PANAMA CANAL RECORD, was the
invention of Edward Shildauer of the Canal
engineering staff.





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


-Ocobe 5..1951


The following list contains the names
of those employees who were transferred
from one division to another or from one
type of work to another. It does not
contain within-grade promotions or re-
gradings.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Robert B. Mcllvaine, from Policeman,
Police D)ivision, to Postal Clerk, Postal,
Customs and Immigration Division.
Samuel W. Meyer, from File Clerk, Per-
sonnel Bureat, to Postal Clerk, Postal, Cus-
toms and Immigration Division.
Richard A. Edmondson, from Police-
man to Sergeant, Police Division.
Walter H. Morton, from Customs Guard
to Customs Inspector, Postal, Customs and
Immigration Division.
Paul Moser, from Recreational Super-
visor to Physical Education Teacher,
Schools Division.
James E. Stearns, from Junior High
School teacher to High School teacher, Divi-
sion of Schools.
Borghild L. Hermo, from Elementary


School teacher to Junior High School teach-
er, Division of Schools.
Norman C. Slade, from Commissary
Assistant, Commissary Division, to Cus-
toms Guard, Postal, Customs and Immi-
gration Division.
Ria Rita Simmons, from Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, Adminstrative Branch, to Clerk,
Stenographer, Postal, Customs, and Immi-
gration Division.
Henry E. Argue, from Policeman to Po-
ice Sergeant, Police Division.
William H. Munyon, from Police Ser-
geant to Police Lieutenant, Police Division.
Carl 0. Baldwin, from Police Lieutenant
to Police Captain, Police Division.
Grace J. Rider, from Junior High School
Teacher to High School Teacher, Schools
Division.
COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU
Alfred Houston, from Restaurant Man-
ager to Clubhouse Manager, Clubhouse Div-
ision.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Joseph T. Verchinsky, from Principal
Foreman, Water and Laboratories Branch,


to Principal Foreman, Southern District,
Municipal Division.
Peter H. Borger, from Pump Operator,
Dredging Division, to Pumpman, Municipal
Division.
Manlio Roy, from Civil Engineer, Civil
Engineering Branch, to Structural Engineer,
Structural Branch, Engineering Division.
Nick M. Elich, from Principal Foreman
to General Assistant Foreman, Municipal
Division.
Harland V. Howard, from Construction
Inspector, Engineering Division, to Super-
visory Construction Inspector, Contract
and Inspection Division.
Ovo K. Worley, from Construction In-
spector, Engineering Division, to Supervis-
ory Construction Inspector, Contract and
Inspection Division.
Charles A. Behringer, from Construc-
tion Engineer, Engineering Division, to
Supervising Construction Inspector, Con-
tract and Inspection Division.
William L. de la Mater, from Construc-
tion Inspector, Engineering Division, to
Supply Distribution Assistant, Contract and
Inspection Division.
William M. Sergeant, from Supervising
Construction Inspector, Engineering Divi-
sion, to Contract Officer, Contract and In-
spection Division.
Walter E. Colclasure, from Clerk, En-
gineering Division, to Administrative Assist-
ant, Contract and Inspection Division.
Clarence H. True, from Construction
Engineer, Engineering Division, to Super-
vising Construction Inspector, Contract and
Inspection Division.
William C. Fritz, from Construction In-
spector, Engineering Division, to Supervis-
ory Construction Inspector, Contract and
Inspection Division.
Calvin L. Geiswite, from Policeman,
Police Division, to Utility Operator, Muni-
cipal Division.
FINANCE BUREAU
Mrs. Nellie M. Audy, from Clerk-Typist
to Payroll Clerk, Finance Bureau.
James E. Lawson, from Fiscal Auditing
Clerk, Audit Division, to Accounting Clerk,
Accounting Division.
HEALTH BUREAU
Arthur W. Smith, from Fiscal Auditing


PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS

From August 15 through September 15


RAILROAD


AND TERMINALS BUREAU


Donald R. Brayton, from Conductor to
Traffic Clerk, Railroad Division.
SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
Dorothy B. King, from Student Assist-
ant to Clerk-Typist, Storehouses Divisions
Patricia Neckar, from Student Assistant
to Clerk-Typist, Storehouses Division.
Max R. Hart, from Fiscal Auditing Clerk
Finance Bureau, to Safety Inspector, Store-
houses and Motor Transportation Divisions.
Lawrence Barca, from Machinist and
Elevator Inspector, Industrial Bureau, to
Plant Engineer and Machinist, Commissary
Division.
Austin F. Yoder, from Fiscal Auditing
Clerk, Finance Bureau, to Supply Clerk,
Storehouses Division.
Charles Krause, from Storekeeper, to
Engineman, Storehouses Division.
SAFETY BRANCH


Edward M. Altman, from
Classifier, Personnel Bureau, to
Safety Assistant, Safety Branch.


Position
Public


A ,,
4yjfr
', ,S*,


._* *
4$^ '^*

.* ^ '


*<*-~~~~~~~~~~ < *** ...^v *** .^


Clerk, Audit Division, to Clerk, Gorgas
Hospital.
Mrs. Della Pilkerton, from Nurse, to
Nurse Supervisor (Psychiatric), Corozal
Hospital.
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
Christopher C. Bennett, and Alexan-
der Rienks, from Machinist to Machinist
and Elevator and Locomotive Crane Inspec-
tor, Production Division.
MARINE BUREAU
Wesley Herr, from Wireman, Electrical
Division, to Lock Operator, Wireman, Locks
Division.
Charles V. Scheidegg, from Lock Oper-
ator, Wireman, to Tunnel Operator, Wire-
man, Locks Division.
Walter H. Hebert, from Admeasurer to
Chief Admeasurer, Navigation Division.
Marshall E. Rinker, from Pump Opera-
tor to Accounting Clerk, Dredging Division.
George R. Murray, from Dipper Dredge
Engineer, Dredging Division, to Chief Tow-
boat Engineer, Navigation Division.
Edward J. Cullen, from Machinist and
Inspector, Production Division, to Steam
Engineer, Dredging Division.
Otto A. Sundquist, from Floating Crane
Engineer, Dredging Division, to LockOpera-
tor, Locks Division.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Fred A. Durling, Jr., from Student
Assistant, Municipal Division, to File Clerk,
Personnel Bureau.


October 5. 1951


*._V





October 5, 1951


Santa


Claus


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Coming


To


Town


C.Z.

Driv


Community Chest


e


Start


Oct.


FOR CHILDREN ONLY: As everyone knows, Santa Claus gets all around the world the
night before Christmas, delivering toys to all good children. This year, however, Lew W. MeIlvaine,
the Commissary's toy buyer, met one of Santa Claus' helpers in New York last February and told
him what Canal Zone boys and girls were going to ask for later on. Mr. MoIlvaine even arranged


for all the toys to be sent to the Canal Zone for
so many in his sleigh-or helicopter, if that is
October 19 and tell your parents just what yo
change your mind, he knew you would.
As has been done for many years past,
the Commissary Division has arranged
for two great centralized toy previews
and sales this year.
On the Atlantic side, both will be held
at the old Margarita Hospital. The Pa-
cific side will have sale and preview at
the former Ancon Theater building.
The previews will be held Friday,
October 19, from 3 to 5:30 p. m. and from
7 to 9 p. m. Santa Claus will make
appearances at both places during the
afternoon showing. No toys will be on
sale on the day of the preview.
The Toy Sale will open at both loca-
tions the following morning at 8:30 a. m.


Ten


Years


Ago


September


If anyone had any idea that the Third


* storage so that Santa Claus wouldn't have to carry
what he will use this year. You can see them on
u want. But Santa knew all the time; even if you

The hours and days of sale will be the
same as the regular hours at Ancon,
Balboa, and Cristobal commissaries: Tues-
days through Saturdays, from 8:30a.m. to
5:30 p. m., with the usual noon-day
closing from 12:30 to 2:30 p. m.
Cash only will be accepted in buying
toys; charge accounts will also be honored.
The following Saturday, October 27,
greeting cards, gift wrappings, and Lionel
trains and accessories will go on sale at
both Toy Sections. Christmas tree orna-
ments, lights, and decorations will not be
on sale until December. Further details
on this will be released through the Com-
missary Division's weekly trade circular.


the Third Locks towns of Cocoli and Mar-
garita.
A million-dollar program got under way
to double facilities at Colon Hospital
nrhor. a ftrmn-tr, nvzr inrilml inrr Q /l.i


An intensive, short campaign is planned
this year for the Canal Zone's fifth Com-
munity Chest campaign which starts Oct-
ober 14, F. J. Moumblow, Chest Chair-
man has announced. The goal for the
drive this year is $31,500.
Governor Francis K. Newcomer has
again agreed to serve as honorary chair-
man of the Chest drive.
Participating agencies will be the same
as last year. This year, however, under
Girl Scouts is included, "sponsors of the
International Girl Scouts of the Canal
Zone."
;The welfare and community agencies
for which funds will be raised are: The
Salvation Army, the Balboa and Cristo-
bal Armed Services YMCA-USO; the
Girl Scouts; Boy scouts; USO-JWB Armed
Services Center; the National Catholic
Community Services-USO; Corozal Hosp-
ital's Occupational Therapy and Recrea-
tional Program; the International Boy
Scouts of the Canal Zone; the Summer
Recreational Program and Canal Zone
Civic Councils.
This year the Chest is known as the
"Bigger Red Feather," because of the in-
clusion of the USO's with the Armed
Services centers.
Headquarters for the Community Chest
organization are at the Balboa Road office
of the Canal Zone Credit Union which
has again offered space without charge.
telephone numbers at the headquarters
are 2-1787 and 2-3215.
Mrs. Douglas Johnston will serve this
. year as Director of the Community Chest
campaign. William Jump, an oldtimer in
Community Chest campaigns as well as
in service, will head the campaign for
local-rate employees, with Stanley Loney
as his Pacific side vice chairman and
James A. Hassocks as vice chairman for
the Atlantic side.
Mrs. J. B. Clemmons, Jr. will serve again
this year as secretary of the Community
Chest campaign and Mrs. E. A. Doolan
will be treasurer. Their headquarters will
be the office in the Credit Union in Balboa.
E. D. White, Jr. of Margarita is Fi-


nance Chairman for this year's drive.
MAmhorQ nf tbx Pvoonrnlfrc rmmii^




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5,1951


370


Hours of Police


w


ork End


With


Capture


Of


Hotel


Tivoli's


oung


Second


Story


Man


A policeman's lot is not a happy one;
everyone knows that. It's especially un-
happy when he is trying to catch a second-
story burglar at the Hotel Tivoli.
(Of course, it can be argued that the
burglar, 19-year-old Steve Augustus Wil-
liams, will not have a hilariously happy
time in Gamboa penitentiary for the next
10 years-he can get 46 months off that
sentence if he behaves himself-but this
piece is about the police!)
The Canal Zone police were justifiably
annoyed at five o'clock on the morning of
last July 14 when the desk clerk at the
Tivoli reported a burglary. That sort of
thing is a breach of Canal Zone hospital-
ity as well as of law. Police Sergeant Troy
Hayes, Sergeant R. G. Nichols, Detective
Tom Frensley, and Policemen C. H.


Peavley and Arthur
the hotel to invest
know then that they
were going to spend
tedious hours on the
Williams started to
The first case was


victim
guest a
sacked
around,
Hines'
glasses,
laneous
were m
ticket.
doors h1
prints o
valueless
Police
vey Rh
joined


L. Blystone went to
igate. They didn't


and their
some 370
case before
Gamboa.
simple eno


colleagues
tiresome,
They had
ugh. The


was one Lee Hines, a transient
bout to leave by plane. His ran-
suitcase, its contents spread all
, was found in a hallway near Mr.
room, No. 164. Clothing, eye-
a fountain pen, and other miscel-
I items, worth together some $48,
missing, as well as a $100 plane-
There was no indication that the
ad been forced and smudged finger-
n the luggage and elsewhere were
ss as identification. (By this time,
Sergeants H. V. Crooks and Har-
yne and Officer N. J. Lewter had
the burglary detail.)
No. 2-Three Hours Later


Three hours later, Dr. and Mrs. James


G.T
their
were
wrist
the b
in an


ownsend, in
room had
asleep. A
I watch wer
burglar had
overnight


room 268, reported
been entered while
$1,400 ring and a
e missing. In his h
overlooked $285 in
bag. The print of a


foot was found outside on a porch and


powder brought out several good finger-
prints in the Townsend's room.
But the prints fitted none of the 100
hotel employees or former employees who
were investigated and no such prints were
found in the comprehensive police files.
All-night watches were placed around the
hotel, with special attention to week-ends.
Nothing developed, no one suspicious
was seen. On August 11 a guest in room
164 (scene of the first burglary) reported
a theft. His billfold containing $480, was
missing. The wallet, empty and wiped
clean of prints, was found later near the
porch steps. As luck would have it, Ser-
geant Nichols, who had planned to watch
the hotel all night, was discovered by a
hotel employee at 3:30 a. m. and, con-
cluding that further surveillance was use-
less, had left his hiding place.
In the meantime watch was kept on
pawnshops, jewelry stores, the rooms of
possible suspects, all with the full cooper-
ation of the Panama police. Four local-
rate employees of the hotel, who had been
working at the time of the burglaries,
underwent lie-detector tests. Also tested
was the unemployed brother of one of
them. Four of the five were cleared but
the fifth gave indications that he knew
something of the crimes. (Investigators
now believe that he had found the miss-
ing but empty billfold of burglary No. 3,
searched it and wiped off his fingerprints,
all without making a report of his find.
, He had been under investigation in Pan-
Sama for assault and is serving a three-
month's sentence on this count.)
No. 4-August 19
The hunt went on, on both sides of the


Isthmus, but on Aug
fourth burglary. Mr
Caldwell, who had bee
268 (the same as that i
burglary occurred) re
Mrs. Caldwell's purse
cash and commissary c
o'clock that morning,


ust 19 there was a
. and Mrs. J. Y.
n assigned to room
in which the second
ported the loss of
, containing $27 in
oupons. About two
she told the police,


she had been awakened by the slamming
of the screen door and had seen someone


-, .,a~r


running down the outside porch. There
were indications that the burglar had
climbed over the corridor door transom.
The stolen purse, empty, was found on
the grass outside the hotel.
This last was just too much for the


police.


Any burglaries, they


good, but that many, no!
detective matters were suspend(
entire force put to work on
burglaries. William R. Dunn,
police officer not well known o
fic side, entered the hotel as


feel, are no
All routine
ded and the
the Tivoli
a Cristobal
n the Paci-
a guest to


watch from the inside.
The break came the morning of August
24. About two o'clock that morning de-
tective Hiram Overall, outside the north
wing, saw a man come from Tivoli Ave-
nue, remove his shoes and climb over the
railing of the steps leading from the
ground to the first floor porch. Detective
Overall followed, first taking the precau-
tion of hiding the suspect's shoes. A few
minutes later, the burglar slithered over
the transom into his old stamping ground,
room 268, where Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell
were asleep. Overall called his Cristobal
colleague on the first floor for help.
They Caught Him
In the meantime, however, the thief
had gotten into room 266, part of a suite
with the Caldwell's room, but had, as it
later turned out, also made a foray into
nearby room 260 where he helped himself
to some property. He startled Mrs. Cald-
well, who screamed. The burglar fled
down the porch. As he ran he collided
with officers Overall and Dunn and a
third colleague, H. H. Summerford.
What the burglar did not know was
that he had fallen neatly into a trap,
baited with a $20 bill (belonging to Sgt.
Nichols) which had been covered with a
powder which glows under ultra-violet
light. His hands and clothing shone bril-
liantly a short time later, when he was
placed under the special light.
Later, after questioning, the burglar,
Williams, admitted all the thefts and on
September 4 was sentenced to 10 years
in Gamboa.
The case, though, was not ended for
the police. They wanted to get the stolen
property back. Questioned as to Mrs.
m i1 -- nniri . .-, -. ,


X
I





October 5,1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


w


At


Don't


Diablo


ave


Everything


Clubhouse


. . but we do have a lot of things that bring a lot of people to the Clubhouse
day after day, year after year, and at all hours of the day and night. In fact, at
Diablo Clubhouse, we have just about everything there is at any Canal Clubhouse,
and more, because we have the big boss, too.
For instance, . .
A There is food. That's in our cafeteria section. There you get the good solid
variety that you want at mealtime or the sodas and sundaes or cokes or what-have-


you for the calories
Then there arn
People go there for
of film, a phonograp
A And there's a
you're interested in
productions most of
chiller-mystery-horr
sometimes, dramatic
entertainment.
The ballroom


in between.
e all kinds of things to buy. They're in our merchandise section.
a new lipstick, a cigar, a candy bar, a New York Times, a roll
h record and all kinds of things like that.
theater. If you're interested in statistics, it has 450, seats. If
movies, it has them too-the common garden variety Hollywood
the time, the "arty" variety on the last Thursday of the month,
or shows at 10:30 o'clock one Friday night a month . and
c productions, by Isthmians for Isthmians and their mutual

on the second floor brings a lot of people to the Clubhouse, too.


They gather there for meetings, bingo, dinner dances, and banquets, and all kinds
of things people find to get together for.
A dance floor and a juke box draw the just-beyond-small-fry crowd through
a red door to (what do you know?) the "Red Door," a new and special little gather-
ing place where people sometimes have small informal parties.
There's an eight-lane bowling alley accredited by the American Bowling Con-
.ii -I ii-* '


MUD AND DUMP TRAINS


(Continued from page 6) Culebra cut, La Boca,
then left the Canal to become a bartender
in the Hotel Normandie in Panama.
A Canal official who used to play poker
at the hotel asked Holder if he would like
to come back to work in the Canal Zone,
and he took a job in 1911 as messenger in
the Executive Department at Culebra.
He left Canal service again in 1920,
worked in the Metropole Bar and drove
his own bus in Panama until 1940, when
he came back to his present Canal job.
Todd's first job for the Canal was in
the "feeble ward" at Ancon Hospital
"farm" in the area now occupied by the
houses of the Health Director and Lieut-
enant Governor, at Balboa Heights. It
was commonly called "the farm" Todd
says, because at some earlier time the
land had been used to raise foodstuffs for
the hospital.
As attendant at the hospital, Todd says
he saw them "come in droves with dysen-
tery, malaria, and typhoid."
Gorgas A "Sweet Gentleman"
Colonel Gorgas, later General, the
Canal's famed first Chief Health Officer,
was "a sweet gentleman who never lost
his temper and always had a smile and
talked nice." Todd says his daughter,
"Miss Eileen," was the same way.
When the present Administration Build-
ing at Balboa Heights was opened in 1914,
Todd was transferred to the Record Bu-
reau as messenger. He became a clerk in
1919 and since 1926 has been an office
helper. Douglas came to the Isthmus in
1909 with his mother to join his brother
who was already working for the Canal.
He worked in Panama as clerk and
watchman for a short time, then became
an attendant at Ancon Hospital, where
his brother was working. He first worked
in the "private" wards where the nurses
quarters are now located, then in the
isolation wards, at that time located near
the present site of the Governor's house
at Balboa Heights. He remained there
until 1918, then took over his present job
as messenger for the Executive Depart-
ment in the Administration Building.


Daniels is a
employee who
join his father
1907. Daniels'
of janitor in
Building at An
Court Building.
in 1+ho nroaont. A


second generation Canal
came to the Isthmus to
who had been here since
first Canal job was that
the old Administration
con-the present District
He became a messenger
dminidritinn TRildinoa in




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5, 1951


TO uJR


HEAL


TH


OUR


OUT-OF-DOORS


About


Since the establishment of the Blood
Bank at Gorgas Hospital almost two
years ago the Canal Zone public has
taken a great deal of interest in donating
blood for other people. The staff at the
Blood Bank has cheerfully answered hun-
dreds of questions concerning the giving
of blood, many questions being repeated
almost daily. Why not?-everyvone who


donates blood has a natural curiosity to
find out all he can about the procedure
and how it will affect him.
The staff of the Blood Bank has pre-
pared a list of a dozen questions which
are asked frequently, together with the
answers. These are printed below for the
information of all concerned.
1. How much blood can I give?
The usual amount taken is 500 cc, or
one pint. The same amount is usually
given to the patient.
2. How much blood is in my body?
The average person has 12 to 15 pints


of blood in his body.
3. Will the procedure hurt me?
Certainly not! A needle is inserted
through the skin into a vein in the arm,
and the the blood flows into the receiving


bottle.


4. Why does the blood flow uphill into
the bottle?
There is a vacuum in the receiving
bottle which causes the blood to flow
into the bottle.
5. Will I suffer any ill effects from
donating a pint of blood?
No. You will be kept lying down for
a few minutes after the donation is com-
pleted, then you may resume your usual
activities. Your body will make up the
loss of blood in a short time.


OCTOBER
5th-American Legion, Post No. 6,
Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.
7th-Masters, Mates, and Pilots, No.
27, Diablo Clubhouse, 9 a. m.
8th-American Legion. Post No. 1. Bal-


Blood


Bank


6. How often can I donate blood?
Blood can be donated every eight weeks
with safety. However, for the Blood
Bank purposes, a donor is not permitted
to give blood oftener than once in three
months.
7. How many types of blood are there?
There are four major types: Type A
occurring in 39 percent of people, Type-
B in 12 percent, Type AB in 4 percent,
and Type 0 in 45 percent (this is the
International Classification and is based


on studies made in the
based on the Isthmian
slightly different).
8. Will the type of my b
donation?
No. Normally a pers4
never changes.
9. Can Type A blood b


U. S.; studies
population are


lood change afte\
on's blood typE


e given to a pa


tient who has TypeB blood?
No. As a rule, donor's blood and pa-
tient's blood must be of same type; how-
ever, Type O blood may be given to any
patient in an emergency.
10. How do you know if donor's blood is
acceptable to the patient?
The blood of the donor and the blood
of the patient are always cross-matched
before a transfusion is given to be sure
they are compatible.
11. Will I be given a card after giving
blood that will show my blood type?
Every donor is typed and a card show-
ing his blood type is mailed to him.
12. Where is the Blood Bank, and when
is it open?
The Blood Bank is located in Gorgas
Hospital, first floor, Section B (old Ward
6); it is open from 8:30 to 10:30 each
morning from Monday through Friday.


October

PnfTW 421 fV


Sailings
From Cristobal
rl/anK/vi K


Questions


height of 20 feet or more and have flat, red
r inflorescence which are often a yard long.
Heliconia curtispatha is the most showy
Species of Heliconia found in Panama. Its
handsome pendant inflorescence is pre-
dominantly red and yellow with bright
blue seeds. The plants are common on
- the Atlantic side of the Isthmus and may
still be seen in flower along the road to
Fort San Lorenzo.
The Panama Poinsettia (Warscewiezia
coccinea) is starting to bloom. The long
panicles of fiery red bracts make this small
tree one of the handsomest in Panama.
It is a relative of the coffee tree-but who
but a botanist would ever guess it? Plants
in flower may be seen as one drives
through the Canal Zone Experiment Gar-
dens at Summit.
Two of theshowy, yellow-flowered Cas-
sias (Cassia multijuga and C(7. spectabilis)
may also be seen in flower at the Experi-
ment Gardens.
Many people have inquired recently
about the large showy tree on the west
side of Gamboa Highway near the en-"
trance to the Experiment Gardens. This
is a fast-growing timber tree, Terminalia
myriocarpa, which was introduced into
the Canal Zone in 1927 from West Africa.
The wood is comparable to that of the
Central American mahogany. The abun-
dant small, fuzzy flowers are cream-
colored and are followed by clusters of
small, crimson, winged fruits.
Those who are interested in orchids
might like to know that September and
Octnher are the months when the Canftlta


(EDITOR'S NOTE: the material for this
column has been prepared by Walter R.
Lindsay, Chief of the Grounds Maintenance
Division who is also in charge of the Canal
Zone Experiment Gardens.)
October is a poor month for flowers but
there are several worthy of mention. The
Heliconias (wild bananas or plantanilla)
have been especially colorful this year. At
least three species may still be seen along
the Madden Road.
Heliconia latispatha is the most com-
mon species of wild banana found on the
Pacific side of the Isthmus. It is the
species with upright inflorescence com-
monly found growing along the highways
and other waste places.
Heliconia mariae or Beefsteak Helico-
nia is one of the tallest species found in
this region. The plants often reach a


THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR


q


October 5,1951





October 5, 1951


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Order


Of Draft Call


Outlined


For


Zone


Selective Service


Procedure which will be followed for
the induction into the service of Canal
Zone residents, or of those registered with
the two Canal Zone Selective Service
Boards has been outlined by local Select-
ive Service officials.
First to be called will be those who vol-
unteer for service. They will be inducted
in the order in which they volunteered.
The volunteers may be either United
States citizens who have registered for
Selective Service but who have not yet
been called, or non-U. S. citizens who are
within the 18-25 year age group, residents
of the Canal Zone, without dependents
and with no record of conviction of a
felony. Additional information concern-
ing the voluntary induction of aliens is
obtainable from either of the two Canal
Zone Local Boards.
After the volunteers, non-volunteers


will be called
of birth, with
first. The sole
is that in cas
person who ha4
regulations by
to comply witi
ice obligation,


up in order of their dates
the oldest being selected
exception to this procedure
e of a delinquent, i. e., a
s violated Selective Service
failure to register or failure
i any other Selective Serv-
he will be selected and


ordered to report for induction before any
other non-volunteer.
When two or more registrants have the
same birthday they will, among them-
selves, be selected in alphabetical order.
No quota has yet been fixed for the
Canal Zone, although the local Selective
Service will have a credit for those Canal
Zone men who have entered the armed
services.
Quotas are determined on the basis of
the actual number of registrants classified
I-A and I-A-0 (conscientious objectors)
who have been found acceptable for
service.
When A. C. Medinger, State Selective
Service Director, is notified that a certain
number will be needed from the Canal
Zone, each local board will select for in-
duction its proportion of the number of
men required to fill the call. They will be
chosen from the registrants classified in
T-A and T-A-0. who havn hbnnn fnndl


AMERICAN MEN between the ages of 18 and 26 register
such registration held on the Isthmus since the days of World
Zone Selective Service organization.
In the top picture, Lt. Gov. H. D. Vogel, Executive Secre
rector A. C. Medinger watch the registration at the Balboa
at both Boards was 227.


In the lower picture, registrars
registrants. Left to right, seated:
a senior at Cristobal High School;
man, and Sherman C. Brooks, a
Board No. 2, and Mrs. Frances H


istration became compulsor
nental United States for m(
ages of 21 and 35, Canal Zo
age group were required to
five days after theyv reaneh


red September 6 for Selective Service, the first
1 War II, and the first ever held under a Canal
tary E. C. Lombard, and Selective Service Di-
Railroad Station. The first day's registration


and officials of Local Board No. 2 in Cristobal sign up the day's first two
W. L. Howard, Chief Registrar; Thomas Anthony Brennan, 19, of Gatun,
Victor Fisher, a registrar; Thomas Newton Stewart, 25, a Canal Zone fire-
registrar. Standing are Judge E. I. P. Tatelman, Chairman of Local
unnicutt, the Board's clerk.
*y in the conti- tween the ages of 18 and 44 were regis-
mn between the tered. Where registrants gave addresses
ne men in that in the United States their cards were for-
register within warded to selective service boards in those


ad the TTIniv.d


lnodnnsv tbe rmarfdrat


inn oarla nf Inollir


: mmIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII II





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


October 5, 1951


Little


Theater


Goals:


Fun


And


Funds


Fun for its members and funds to help
others who are less fortunate are the two
"F's" for the 80 members of Cristobal's
Little Theater.
A good many people on both sides of
the Isthmus have seen and enjoyed the
productions staged by the Little Theater.
But not too many know that since the
group was organized in 1939-the first
meetings and the first plays were held in
the basement of the Colon residence of
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Motta-it has raised
over $4,000 for the Shrine Hospitals for
Crippled Children; raised over $500, in a
Rotary Club-sponsored production, for
the Old People's Home at Puerto Pilon;
has sponsored Boy Scout Troop 6, recog-
nized as one of the best on the Isthmus,
and, during the war years, played to over
15,000 service men and women, donating
time, talent, and facilities without one
penny of compensation.
Only a few months after the Cristobal
Little Theater was formed it had out-
grown its Motta-basement home and be-
gan to look for a place to call its home.


An agre
Boy Sc
Little T
sponsibi
French
Shack"
the buil
In re
make s
would ii
of the w
member
labor of
for eac


CA, -

00
oi% -
O -


Oi -


"PETTICOAT FEVER" was one of the most successful of the Little Theater's productions. Here are
the set and part of the cast.


ement was made with Council 801,
;outs of America, whereby the
'heater agreed to assume the re-
ility for the maintenance of the old
building known as the "Scout
and sponsor Troop 6 which used
ding as a meeting place.
turn the group was entitled to
uch changes and alterations as
improve it for their purposes. Most
ork has been accomplished by the
rs themselves who, considering it a


1
h


ove, have an affectionate regard
nail and plank put into the


Shack. At least $6,000 has been expended
in these improvements.
Over 60 Plays Presented
By working hard, surmounting obsta-
cles, solving difficult problems, in fact by
achieving the impossible more than once,
the group has presented over 60 plays.
Included are many celebrated Broadway
hits such as "The Torchbearers," "Out-
ward Bound," "Blithe Spirit," "Arsenic
and Old Lace," "You Can't Take It With
You," and many others.
Starting with a charter membership of
about a dozen, none of whom remain on
the Atlantic side at present, the member-
ship reached a peak of 300 during the war
- -_ -. A I- S. L ad-- S. whan A ll-^-. -ii /-fc a r fr nC k n Vns


HALF AN HOUR before curtain time, the grease paint goes on


A... -*-W*


m


m




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PAGE 1

Gift of the Panama Canal Museum JM ??l-na^ca) ^a5^ Vol.2, No. 3 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, OCTOBER 5, 1951 5 cents EMPLOYEES TO HAVE NO INCREASE IN RENTALS; RENT RATES UPPED FOR NON-EMPLOYEES' QUARTERS Commissary Joins "Set Aside" Plan For C anne d Goods Buying The Panama Canal Company has joined a cooperative buying program set up by the United States Department of Agriculture and the Armed Services to insure a steady supply of certain canned vegetables and fruits which may be limited for general consumption owing to heavy purchases for military needs. The Company's participation, through its Commissary Division, has just been announced by R. L. Sullivan, General Manager of the Division. Through this program, he explained, the Commissary Division will obtain approximately $411,000 worth of canned supplies during the current fiscal year, or about seven percent of its wholesale grocery supplies. Some of this canned goods is already on sale in local-rate stores and will be appearing on the shelves of other commissaries within the near future. Other government agencies participating in the Department of Agriculture's "Set Aside" program are the armed services, the Veterans Administration, and the Federal school lunch program. Mr. Sullivan explained that the Panama Canal Company's participation in this program is a "cautious policy to assure supply — to plan in advance in an uncertain period." The Department of Agriculture, he said, made surveys all over the United States to determine what crops and produce might be expected to be "in short supply," and then arranged to set'aside the quantities to cover the needs of the federal units participating in the plan. During the fiscal year ending next June 30, the Panama Canal Company will obtain, under this "Set Aside" program, 10 canned vegetables and 12 canned fruits. These will supply commissaries, clubhouses, and hospitals. The vegetables and vegetable products ordered are: Asparagus, lima beans, wax and green beans, carrots, corn, peas, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, and tomato catsup. The fruits are: Apples, berries, cherries, figs, fruit cocktail, mixed fruits, fruitsalad, peaches, pears, plums, and grapefruit sections. The list may be expanded later if it is considered necessary. Each separate lot, Mr. Sullivan said, will be inspected meticulously by federal inspectors. Brands, however, may be different from those with which the Commissary customers are familiar, and it is possible that some cans may be unlabelled except for the stamped names of the contents. Of the first lot of 13 items received by the Commissary Division, four bore familiar labels, four were of brands not previously purchased, and the remaining five were unlabelled. Board Chairman KARL R. BENDETSEN Assistant Secretary of the Army A can of each of the new brands was opened, as was one of the unlabelled cans. One of the unlabelled tins was found, from markings on the packing case, to be from the "Fancy" quality pack of a nationally advertised brand. The Commissary Division, Mr. Sullivan said, recommends without reservation the canned goods obtained under this plan, actual purchase of which is made by the armed services procurement facilities. It may well be, he added, that if the anticipated shortage occurs, Commissary customers will be able to obtain canned items which are unavailable to friends or relatives in the United States, as frequently occurred during the last war. On the other hand, if international conditions should improve, the Commissary Division will only have contracted for a year's supply of canned merchandise, the quality of which is assured by rigid inspection. FEATURES IN THIS ISSUE # What were things like here 40 years ago? Oldtime messengers at the Administration Building recall what they found in the early days. See page 6. + The Canal Boarding Parties are the Men of the Month in the October installment on the people who help ships go through. See page 8. # The Ciistobal Little Theater is another feature this month, on page 16; and the Canal Zone Firefighter's Union is described on page 2. 899 Non-Employees Affected by Decision of Company Directors There will be no rental increase on quarters for employees of the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government at the present time. Nonemployees, however, effective November 1 will pay a surcharge of 100 to 150 percent on Panama Canal Company quarters. The decision on the rental rates was made at the latest meeting of the Company's Board of Directors September 17 in Washington. Governor F. K. Newcomer, as President of the Company, had recommended that the rent for employees not be increased but that surcharges, planned almost a year ago, be put into effect for those nonemployees in Company quarters. Announcements of the increased rental for the non-employees will be sent with the November bills early in October. Late in September, there were 899 non-employees, occupying Canal quarters in the Canal Zone, who would be affected by the rental increase. The plan for the increased rents for the non-employees is substantially the same as that outlined last January 17 when the surcharge was first announced. On May 10, however, the increase which would have been effective July 1 was suspended temporarily pending a further study by the Board of Directors as to what adjustments would be necessary to meet changing conditions brought about by the July 1 reorganization. The increase in rental on quarters occupied by non-employees is being made to cover increased costs of maintainance, to recover full depreciation charges and to cover a proportional share of the cost of Canal Zone Government in lieu of taxes. The 100 percent surcharge will be applicable to members and civilian employees of the armed services, retired Canal-Railroad employees, clergymen, beauty shop operators, and those in a similar category. The 150 percent increase will affect employees of shipping and banking concerns, oil companies, and similar commercial organizations who now pay a surcharge of 50 to 100 percent of the regular rental rate on Company quarters they occupy. During the September 17 meeting, the Board of Directors also: Approved a plan for a comprehensive inventory of the Panama Canal Company's fixed assets; Approved the budget for iSeepagefo

PAGE 2

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5, 1951 Local Firefighters Are Charter Members Of International Firemen's Association OFFICERS of the Canal Zone Fiiefighters are typical of the youth of the men of the organization. The Local's president, William M. Pi ice, is now in Washington; but acting president Joseph F. Dolan, left, and secretary-treasurer Frederick Mohl, right, posed for the photographer at the Balboa Fire Station. Mr. Dolan has been a fireman for the past nine years and has a brother in the organization. Mr. Mohl is a past president. Although not the oldest nor the largest of Canal Zone labor groups, Local 13 of the International Association of Firefighters is one of the most active labor unions on the Isthmus. At one time, the union was involved in a stormy conflict with the administration — when the union opposed volunteer firemen — and the administration took the unprecedented step, on August 15, 1949, of breaking off relations with the Firefighters. Matters were eventually smoothed out, to the satisfaction of both parties, and since April 24, 1950, Local 13 has been re-recognized and now deals with the officials of the administration in a more placid atmosphere. The Canal Zone Fiiefighters have been members of organized labor since 1915, according to their president, William M. Price. In 1918, when the International Association of Firefighters was formed, the Local on the Canal Zone was one of its charter members. Today, nearly 2,000 Firefighters unions are affiliated with the International Association. Through the International Association Local 13 is affiliated with the American Federation of Labor and is an active member of the Canal Zone Central Labor Union and Metal Trades Council. The local's president, Mr. Price, is at present serving as legislative representative of the CLU-MTC and is expected back this month from Washington. Although there are no statistics available to prove it, the Firefighters are about the youngest group — in the age of their members — of any Canal Zone labor union. To become a fireman a man must not be over 31 years of age; the minimum age is 21. Of the 77 men who man the 14 pieces of apparatus in the eight fire stations of the Canal Zone, 72 are union members. The others at e comparati very new arrivals. Unlike the electrical locals, who have a number of men still members of United States locals working here on a permit basis, all the Canal Zone Firefighters' union members belong to Local 13. Must Be A Qualified Fireman To join the Firefighters Union, a candidate must be a qualified fireman, and if he previously had been a member of another labor union, he must have a clearance from that union. That is, if a new Canal Zone fireman had been a carpenter or a painter or a bricklayer before he joined the firefighting force, he must be able to produce a card that he has separated from the Carpenters' or Painters' or Bricklayers' Unions in good standing. It takes six months for a man to qualify as a fireman in the Canal Zone. When he is first employed, he is assigned to one of the Central Stations, either Balboa or Cristobal, for his initial training. During the first six months he is on probation and during that time is given monthly examinations to determine his ability and aptitude for the job. At the end of the sixmonth period, he must pass a written examination to become a regular fireman. Firefighters pay an initiation fee of $5 and dues of $2 monthly, which go to cover union expenses. In addition, the local is assessed its share of legislative representation costs. Unlike some of the other local labor groups, the Firefighters offer no planned extension classes to their members. But they frequently have special meetings for special instruction. During the last war, for instance, a Navy captain lectured them on the hazards of fire at sea, and other instruction was given on new phases of first aid work, which most people do not know is an important part of a fireman's duties. jLocal 13 of the Firefighters has played a prominent part in community affairs for many years. Among other events, firemen always attend the Fifth of May memorial exercises held each year in Panama City by the Panama Bomberos and take part in the November celebration given by the Bomberos each year. They parade regularly on Memorial Day and during other special occasions on the Canal Zone. One of their most successful ventures occurred in 1941 when the Firefighters sponsored two dances, one at the Strangers Club in Colon and the other at the Union Club in Panama, to raise funds for the British Firefighters' Relief Fund. The money raised was sent to the International in Washington which turned it over to the British National Fire Brigades Association for distribution to needy firemen and the families of men "fallen in the course of duty." Local 13 is a contributor to all organized drives and charities in the Canal Zone and has sponsored a (See page 7> RESUSCITATION of victims of drowning, smoke job. Sgt. R. W. Wheeler applies the Zone's new "resusci wife of a Balboa fireman. heart attacks, is an important part of a fireman's tator-inhalator-respirator" to Mrs. Eugene McBride,

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October 5, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Silver City Housing, Site Bids Advertised, Bid Schedule Released Two New Division Heads I Bids were advertised September 28 for site preparation and construction of pavements, utilities, and buildings for the Silver City townsite extension, the first project to be advertised in this year's $11,000,000 building program. The bids will be opened at Balboa Heights the. morning of November 27. The bid invitations carry the condition that bidders be prepared to start work within 30 days after November 27 and have the entire work completed 270 calendar days after they are given notice to proceed. TWO DIVISIONS of the Engineering and Construction Bureau have new Chiefs this month. Fortv-eiffht masonrv duolex buildings Jhartley Smith, left, will succeed A. C. Garlington as Chief of the Electrical Division. His appointment nc i l A A f W however, cannot be made final until the expiration of Mr. Garlington's leave. A native of Terre Haute, Indol 9o apartments are included m mis iana| Mr Smith came to the CanaI Zone in June 192g ghortly after his ^^^^ from Rose polytechnic project. Institute. He was among a number of young men being employed at that time, directly out of college, by The project is divided into two parts. The Panama Canal. All of his Canal service has been with the Electrical Division. The first in the name of the Canal Zone Harold H. Feeney, right, is the Chief of the new Contract and Inspection Division. With his wife and p • f •. n^rnrinn three children, he arrived here September 24 from Camp Ritchie, Maryland, where he was Project Engineer liOvemment, consists or Site preparation, for the Engiaeer Corps p or arj0 ut seven years previously he had served as resident engineer, assistant chief construction of pavements, Sewers, Street f the construction division, and chief of the inspection section of the Buffalo Engineer District. lighting, etc. The second, in the name of the Panama Canal Company, is for con. ^~* r • r- i • struction of the other utilities and aii p a y Raise One Of Major Subjects quarters buildings. The Panama Canal ". t a t /r 11 ^1 <• Company will act as agent for the Canal DlSCUSSed At MOllthly COIlierenCe Zone Government and will be responsible for the administration of the entire projPay raises, rental procedure changes, ect for both contracts. future use of the Balboa dispensary buildInvitations will also be issued for bids ing, and stories on the recently completed on other construction projects as follows: anti-aircraft program in the Canal Zone The Ice Cream and Milk Bottling Plant were among the major subjects discussed at Mt. Hope, November 16, with bids to September 27 at the latest Governorbe opened January 16; the Paraiso townEmployee "Shirtsleeve Conference." site extensions, north and south, where The conference is held usually the last 230 apartments in 115 buildings are to be Thursday of each month at Balboa constructed, November 9, with bids to be Heights and is attended by representaopened January 8; clearing, rough grading tives of organized labor, civic groups, and and preparation of Summit townsite, apadministration officials, proximately 200 acres, November 15, with In connection with pay raises pending bids to be opened January 4; construction in Congress, the conferees were told that of 10 apartments in 9 buildings at Diablo Classification Act increases in the Canal Heights, November 10, with bids to be Zone Government will be a matter of law. opened January 8; construction of 59 Company employees in classified positions apartments in the Chagres Street area in will receive the same benefits. In the case Ancon, December 14, with bids to be of Canal Zone Government employees opened February 12; construction of 80 whose rates of pay are not fixed by law apartments, at Margarita, in approxi(teachers, firemen, postal clerks), there is mately 56 buildings, December 28, with no authority to apply raises retroactively, bids to be opened February 26; clearing, Acting Governor Herbert D.Vogel pointed rough grading, and site preparation for an out. The Administration has proposed additional 50-acre area at Margarita, Janlegislation which would make such inuary 2, with bids to be opened February creases retroactive to the date on which 18; clearing, rough grading, and site prepsimilar increases in the District of Columaration for the new local-rate townsite of bia are effective. Cardenas, approximately 300 acres, JanThe Acting Governor also announced uary 3, with bids to be opened February that he had just approved a change in 19; the Cardenas access utilities such as rental billings from a monthly to a weekly water, sewer, etc., January 4, with bids basis. The procedure, he said, would simto be opened February 20; and Summit plify bookkeeping to a considerable extent access utilities, January 5, with bids to be and affect a large savings in accounting, opened February 21. Employees will have a deduction for rent The dates for the first three items, Silwith every paycheck, ver City townsite, the Ice Cream and Another change in rental procedure will Milk Bottling Plant, and the Paraiso be that, except in cases of willful or malitownsite extension are definite. The dates cious damage to quarters, no "checkout for all others at this time are approximate charges" will be made. Col. Vogel also and subject to small changes either way. announced that rental rates for non-emPlans and specifications for the various ployees will be increased November 1. projects in this year's program will be on What future use will be made of the file at the Engineering and Construction Balboa dispensary building has not yet Bureau at Balboa Heights, the Panama been decided, Col. Vogel said. Floor Canal Company offices in Washington and space is only about one-quarter of that New York, and at many District Engineer needed for the main Canal Zone library, offices in the United States. but consideration is being given to transferring the branch library from Diablo to the Balboa dispensary building. Plans are also being considered for use of part of the dispensary by the Commissary optical department. A first aid station will be set up at the dispensary. The Atlantic side hospital situation is not decided, the Acting Governor said. Engineers estimate that an expenditure of about a quarter of a million dollars would be needed to re-open Margarita Hospital in an adequate operating condition. Eventually, Col. Vogel predicted, a hospital will have to be built at Margarita; for the time being, Colon Hospital will continue in use. He also denied rumors that Colon Hospital's obstetrical ward would be closed. Discussion of publication by the Chicago Tribune syndicate of a story unfavorable to volunteers in the anti-aircraft program was opened by James Boukalis, of the Machinists. Mr. Boukalis had a clipping which said that "bitter Americans had turned their backs on the Army's experiment with 'civilian minutemen'." Lt. Col. M. L. Jacobs, the Governor's Military Assistant, who was quoted in two places in the story, said his first quotation had been lifted out of context, and was consequently incorrect. He denied that he had ever made any statement on the "wholesale firing of American employees." Attending the conference were: the Acting Governor; E. A. Doolan, Personnel Director; F. G. Dunsmoor, the Governor's Executive Assistant; C. W. Hoffmeyer, J. J. Tobin, W. R. Howe, E. W. Hatchett, and Walter Wagner of the Central Labor Union; M. S. Goodin, C. A. Garcia, J. H. Jones, Timothy Ladd, and Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Ralph, for the Civic Councils; C. A. Luhr for the Pacific side Lock Employees; Mr. Boukalis, Machinists; H. J. Chase and R. M. Lovelady, A. F. G. E.; and R. C. Daniel, Railway Conductors.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5, 1951 Panama Canal Faced With More Difficult Problems Than Suez Canal, French Engineer Thinks Difficulties of terrain on the Isthmus of Panama are far greater than those which the builders of the Suez Canal had to meet 100 years ago, Paul A. Blanquet, Chief Engineer of the Suez Canal Company, told The Panama Canal Review last mouth as he ended a week's visit to the Isthmus. M. Blanquet, the third Suez official to visit the Panama Canal in a little over three years — J. Georges Picot, Assistant Director, and Paul Reymond, Naval officer in charge of transits, were here in March 1948 — expressed "a very high admiration for what I've seen here." Because of the excessive Isthmian water supply, Panama Canal engineers have to anticipate flood conditions, that is, build dams against overflows and to be sure that there is not too much water, he said. "We have the reverse condition. Life in our canal zone is only possible when sweet (fresh) water is brought in from the Nile. We are dependent for our life on that sweet water," he continued. The Panama Canal Zone, he said, has a mountainous terrain where everything is green and there is an abundance of vegetation. The Suez Canal Zone has nothing but desert sand and low ground; vegetation is found only in those areas where fresh water has been brought in. The Panama Canal Zone is in a tropical climate; the Suez Canal Zone has a semitropical climate. Another major difference in the two canal zones, M. Blanquet pointed out, is that of government. "Here you are working on the basis of a treaty between the United States and the Republic of Panama by which you are responsible for administration and public safety and the hygiene of this zone. "We are a charter company in the country of Egypt. Therefore, we are under the Egyptian government in everything pertaining to law, administration, municipal needs, and public life. "Finally, you, as long as your treaty exists, are eternally here; we are in Egypt as a concession, and only to 1968." At the present time, M. Blanquet continued, the conditions as to how the Suez Canal will be operated after the expiration of the company's concession are being considered by the Egyptian government. By special agreement with the Egyptian government, the company is recruiting Egyptian personnel and preparing them for the work which they will have to do in future years. The differences between the two geographical and governmental situations, M. Blanquet said, explain why the Panama Canal Company, on the whole, has a far heavier task than that of the Suez Company. These differences also explain why the Panama Canal, only about half the length of the Suez, has about four times the Suez personnel. "Technically," he went on, "the great factor differentiating our canals is that you have locks. We must admit that that again is a heavy weight on your work. We have the privilege of a sea-level canal, which means that we can pass ships far easier and cheaper." Although the Suez Canal is located at one of the most critical locations in the world, especially at present, it is considPAUL A. BLANQUET ered invulnerable, M. Blanquet told The Review. "We have had the experience of two great wars. During World War I, we saw the arrival of a Turkish army, which was repulsed from our canal zone by French and British troops. In World War II for a year we underwent aerial attacks by Italian and German planes, spreading mines in our waters and wrecking six ships. Nevertheless, in these two wars, our canal had to halt traffic for only a few days. We consider that no attack, from air or land, could interfere seriously with our transits." M. Blanquet commented that during his visit to the Panama Canal Zone he had been shown the model of the proposed sea level canal, adding that he considered it a "first class scheme." He went on: "However, I can readily appreciate that it cannot be started under present conditions." Turning back, for a moment to world conditions, the French engineer said: "Let us hope that for both your canal and ours, the needs of navigation and commerce will be the ones which in the future will govern their policies." Eight PCC-CZG Employees Taking LSU College Work Eight employees of the Panama Canal Company or Canal Zone Government signed up last month for courses with the Louisiana State University's Caribbean program. One of the registrants is an Atlantic sider. He is taking higher mathematics in the classes held at Fort Gulick. The other seven, all from the Pacific side, signed up to take such courses as sociology, history, and higher mathematics. They are studying one night a week at Fort Clayton. The Louisiana State University's program for the Isthmus was designed for members of the armed services, but civilians have been accepted on a space-available basis. Regular residence college credits are given for the courses completed. Anniversaries Employees who observed importantanniversaries in the United States Government Service during the month of September are listed alphabetically below. The number of years include all Government service, with the Canal or other agencies. Those with continuous Canal or Railroad service are indicated by (*). 40 YEARS *George N. Engelke, Assistant General Manager, Commissary Division. 35 YEARS Randall H. Ford, Assistant Superintendent, Motor Transportation Division. 30 YEARS Arthur V. Corbett, Electrical Foreman, Electrical Division. 25 YEARS John L. Haas, Machinist, Industrial Bureau. *J. Arthur Jones, Wireman, Electrical Division. John A. Madison, Tunnel Operator, Pacific Locks. *C. A. M. Monsanto, Supervisor, Heavy Equipment, Motor Transportation Division. Clyde L. Sharp, Postmaster, Fort Amador, Postal, Customs and Immigration Division. 20 YEARS Orin B. Acker, Wireman, Electrical Division. Eugene I. Askew, Quarantine Inspector, Health Bureau. William C. Bailey, Postmaster, Fort Clayton, Postal. Customs and Immigration Division. Clinton N. Bohannon, Leadingman Wireman, Electrical Division. Henry H. Shirk, Lock Operator, Atlantic Locks. IsabelleC.Wolford, Clerk-Typist, Audit Division. 15 YEARS Henry G. Appel, Utility Operator, Municipal Division. Robert W. Blades, Policeman, Police I livision. Paul Cave, Lock Operator, Atlantic Locks. Caleb C. Clement, Lock Operator, Atlantic Locks. Wendell G. Cotton, Housing Manager, Housing Division. Jasper J. Edge, Locomotive Machinist. Railroad Division. Borghild L. Hermo, Teacher, Schools Division. *Barbara H. Matthews, Clerk-Stenographer, Personnel Bureau. Ralph A. Morales, Welder, Electrician and Diver, Production Division. Ira M. Payne, Principal Foreman, Municipal Division. Robert L. Ridge, Crib and Engineer, Steam, Foreman, Terminals Division. Irving Spector, Small Tug Operator, Dredging Division. PCC Employees To Have No Rental Increases (Continued from page i) the coming fiscal year; Approved generally a project to lease to the Colon Free Trade Zone certain Atlantic side lands adjacent to Colon Harbor; And, approved the report of the Treasurer of the Panama Canal Company and the report on capital expenditures. The question of a northern terminus for the Panama Line was deferred for further study. Karl R. Bendetsen, Assistant Secretary of the Army, was appointed Chairman of the Board. A four-man Executive Committee which will act on policy matters between the regular board meetings was also named. Its members are Governor Newcomer, former Governor Julian L. Schley, T. Coleman Andrews, and Edward D. McKim.

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October 5,1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW FOR YOUR /A INTEREST AND LML GUIDANCE UL £' CCIDENT PREVENTION The INDUSTRIAL BUREAU is to receive the Bureau Award for Best Record for the month of August by virtue of a Frequency Rate of ZERO. This is no mean accomplishment when we consider the fact that this Bureau also won the Best Record Award in July and is now tied with the CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU for top position in number of awards this year. Investigation reveals the fact that the INDUSTRIAL BUREAU HAS NOT HAD A DISABLING INJURY SINCE JUNE 8, through the reporting period of August 31. Congratulations, once again. The Panama Canal Company-Canal Zone Government with a total man-hour exposure of 3,129,648 experienced a frequency rate of 15 for the month of August as a result of 48 disabling injuries for the reporting period. While a frequency rate of 15 does reflect an improvement over the organization's best year, it is felt that a more concerted effort on the part of those units not contributing to this improvement is well in order and long delayed. The GROUNDS MAINTENANCE DIVISION and the MOTOR TRANSPORTATION DIVISION will receive Division Honor Roll Awards for No Disabling Injuries for the month of August. The former has won this award three times this year and the latter five times. Such results are not easily attained. They must be worked for enthusiastically and cons tantly. Honor Roll BUREAU AWARD FOR Best Record AUGUST INDUSTRIAL BUREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR CIVIL AFFAIRS-... 3 INDUSTRIAL 3 ENGINEERING AND CONST 2 HEALTH 1 COMMUNITY SERVICES 1 SUPPLY AND SERVICE.. MARINE RAILROAD AND TERMINALS. __ DIVISION AWARD FOR No Disabling Injuries AUGUST GROUNDS MAINTENANCE DIV. MOTOR TRANSPORTATION DIV. AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR MOTOR TRANSPORTATION 5 ELECTRICAL 4 RAILROAD 3 DREDGING.. 3 MUNICIPAL 3 SANITATION 3 STOREHOUSES.. 3 GROUNDS MAINTENANCE.. 3 LOCKS.-. .... 2 CLUBHOUSES-. 2 BUILDING 1 HOSPITALIZATION & CLINICS.. 1 TERMINALS --.0 COMMISSARY... NAVIGATION Fire, Our OLD Enemy by Captain A. J. Troup The Fire Division is planning a program for Fire Prevention Week, October 7 through 13, that will not only be interesting to the residents of the Canal Zone, but will bring vividly to their attention the fire hazards that are ever present in our homes and will emphasize the vital necessity of taking every care and precaution against man's ancient enemy — FIRE. An all-out effort will be made during this week by the fire prevention and fire protection organizations throughout North America and most of this hemisphere to control and reduce future fire losses. This effort in the Canal Zone can be successful with your help. Fire has caused serious concern ever since man learned to use it. At first, this new thing, fire, was a comfort and great convenience to mankind, but it was not long before the caveman found that fire could get out of control and become a dangerous enemy, destroying everything in its path, all man's possessions, the forest, his family, and himself. It was one of primitive man's early lessons and through the ages, up to the present day, the dangerous relationship of man to fire has been much the same. One of the most terrible conflagrations in history was the Great Fire of London, which occurred in 1666, and which caused great loss of property and life, but which had the constructive result of starting a concentrated effort by city dwellers toward fighting fire when it got out of control. In America, the first Volunteer Fire Company was organized in the year 1736 by Benjamin Franklin in the city of Philadelphia. A few years later, George Washington, our first president, wrote to the foreman in charge of his estate, directs ing him to be very careful about fire, and to watch that it was properly controlled. Washington was himself a prominent volCapt. A. J. TROUP, Chief, Fire Division unteer fireman. Since the days of Franklin and Washington, steady progress has been made in man's fight to reduce loss of life and property by fire. However, the dreaded enemy is far from defeated as is evidenced by recent figures published in the United States, which show an annual loss by fire of 10,000 lives, of which the appalling figure of 4,000 were small children, who never had a chance against the consuming flames. The loss of life by fire demonstrates all too plainly that we — you and I, and the other fellow — are not giving the attention we should to the fire hazards that exist in our homes. Our record in the Canal Zone is something we must be ashamed of, since four children in the last seven years lost their lives here in home fires. Also during the past year, 43 fires have started in Canal Zone quarters and investigation discloses that nearly all of them could have been (See page 13) AUGUST 1951 Industrial Bureau Community Services Bureau Supply and Service Bureau Engineering and Construction Bureau Civil Affairs Bureau C. Z. Gov't-Panama Canal Co. (This month) C. Z. Gov't-Panama Canal Co. (1951 to Date) C. Z. Gov't-Panama Canal Co. (Best Year) Marine Bureau Health Bureau Railroad and Terminals Bureau Disabling Injuries per 1,000.000 Man-Hours Worked (Frequency Rale) 4 8 12 12 15 16 17 19 19 32 i 1 ^ i ^^^^H-l CHM JBHl^^^H ^^^^H^^^ ^^^^a==' 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Number of Disabling Injuries. 48 Man-Hours Worked ..3,129,648 LEGEND [ Amount Better Than Canal Zone Government— Panama Canal Company Best Year ^^33 Amount Worse Than Canal Zone Government—Panama Canal Company Best Year

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5, 1951 Mud, Dump Trains, Mule Rides, Horse Race Recalled By Building's Oldest Messengers Things on the Isthmus were "in a devil of a mess" when Robert J. Atherley, station messenger at the Administration Building at Balboa Heights, came from Barbados to work on the Panama Canal. The description of Canal affairs, voiced by President Theodore Roosevelt to a new chief engineer in 1905, is echoed in substance by Atherley and other Administration Building messengers and office helpers whose Canal service started that year and up to as late as 1913. Oldest in service among the group of long-timers in the Administration Building messenger force, Atherley arrived on June 26, 1905, to see the first of a long line of "steam shovels and Governors coming and going." Two days later, Enos Augustus Finn, distribution messenger, arrived, also from Barbados. Homas George Gibson, foreman messenger and clerk in the Administration Building mail room, came from Jamaica about eight months later, arriving February 27, 1906. Percy Archibald Eugene Hinds, clerk, in the basement Document Room of the Record Section, arrived from Barbados in April 1906. The following year, on June 16, 1907, Ernest Edwin Holder, station messenger on the third floor, came from Barbados. Aubrey Edgar Todd, office helper in the mail room, came from Barbados in 1908. Alexander Josiah Douglas, messenger on the "Governor's Station," came from Jamaica in January 1909. Ethelridge Daniels, also at the Governor's station, is the junior member of the messenger force, with only 38 years on the Isthmus. He arrived from Barbados in February 1913. "They Wanted Young Men" "They wanted young men to build the Panama Canal," Atherley says, and the young men came in droves — many on two-year work contracts— and a lot of them went back home soon after their arrival. "Rain, mud, steam shovels, drills, dump trains going up and down . digging the Canal right where we lived . ." Finn offers as explanation of his first days on the Isthmus. He was a jockey in Barbados and signed a contract for Canal work because "racing was dropping through" at home. He was a carpenter in the Building Division at Culebra when he first arrived and held a dozen or so different jobs before he became a Record Bureau messenger in 1918. A forgotten "first" brought to light by this former jockey was the first horse race in the Canal Zone run on the Fourth of July in 1907. The two entries, he says, were owned by two steam shovel engineers and the race was run on the old Culebra dump between the Lirio planing mill and the Commissary. "Diamond," ridden by Finn, was the winner. Atherley was apprenticed to a tailor in Barbados and mixed concrete at Rio Grande for a short time after his arrival on the Isthmus. Then he started a long period of service as mail messenger 1 during which he carried the mail bags, first on his head and shoulders, then on a mule, then in a wagon, and finally in a Ford automobile. In 1917 the chief clerk taught him to ride a motorcycle and Atherley became the Canal's first motorcycle messenger. "Neither Snow Nor Sleet" Starting as mail messenger at Culebra in 1906, he carried the mail bags from the postoffice to the railroad on his head and shoulders at first because there was no road. There were a lot of wrecks and delays on the railroad in those days — caused partly because the blasting and digging for the Canal upset the area generally, he thinks — and he spent many nights at the railroad station waiting for the delayed trains to come in so he could deliver his mail and go home. Later there was a mule to ride to carry mail to the station and sometimes, Atherley recalls, he and the mail bags rode the Governor's horse. Then about 1908 a mail wagon was acquired, and about 1915, the Ford. And all this time the postal service was growing by leaps and bounds as Canal digging got underway on a big scale and there were great increases in the employee force. In 1930, after about 13 year's service as a motorcycle messenger, Atherley became a distribution messenger at the first days on the Isthmus was the sight of Colonel Gorgas and other medical personnel unloading a carload of dead and injured workmen brought to Panama from an explosion along the line of the Canal. "I was terribly scared then," he recalls. Although he delivered many messages from the sanitary office in Panama and later in Ancon, to Colonel Goethals at Culebra, he remembers the famous Canal builder primarily for his straw hat. Gibson became a messenger for the executive offices at Balboa Heights in 1914 and he has been clerk and foreman messenger since 1920. For many years he operated a photography shop and industrial training class for apprentice photographers in the basement of the La Boca Clubhouse. Hinds had such a strong premonition of disaster when he arrived on the Isthmus that he sent his clothes back home on the same boat. He contracted malaria in a few weeks. "You had to drink water and moss — whatever you could get then," he explains. The fever "made him jump" and he made up his mind to go home just as fast as he could get there, despite the taunts of a friend who called him "chicken" for wanting to leave. Hinds went home AMONG THE "YOUNG MEN" who came in construction days to help build the Panama Canal are these messengers and office helpers in the Administration Building at Balboa Heights who arrived on the Isthmus from 1905 to 1913. left to right; Aubrey Edgar Todd, Ernst Edwin Holder, Ethelridge Daniels, Josiah Douglas, Robert J. Atherley, Homas George Gibson, Enos Augustus Finn, and Percy Archibald Eugene Hinds. nevertheless and the friend died soon after. Administration Building. He has been a station messenger on the third floor for about a year. Gibson was a checker on banana boats in Jamaica before he came to the Isthmus to visit his cousin. He just didn't like the place in those days Panama was a little better than Colon, he thinks— but his father in Jamaica died while he was in Panama and Gibson stayed to take a job and help his mother at home. Corpses By The Carload A friend of the family offered him "protection" and help in getting a job and Gibson went to work in the Chief Sanitary Office of the Canal, at that time in the present Obarrio Building in Panama. One of his early memories of those "Back Home To Panama" Back in Barbados, he worked for a foundry and a doctor, then spent two years in Brazil and in 1912 "came back home to Panama." He helped mix concrete for the lock walls at Miraflores, worked in the Mechanical Division, and became an executive department messenger in 1918. He has been an office helper since 1921. Holder wasn't working when contractors were recruiting Canal labor in Barbados so he signed a contract and came to the Isthmus, where he became a blacksmith in the Mechanical Division shops at Empire. Later he served as cook in the Supply Department at (See page IS)

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October 5, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by the Panama Canal Press Mount Hope, Canal Zone F. K. NEWCOMER Governor HERBERT D. VOGEL Lieutenant Governor E. C. LOMBARD Executive Secretary J. RUFUS HARDY Editor LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters containing inquiries, suggestions, criticisms or opinions of a general nature will be accepted. In all cases possible, letters to The Review will be answered individually. Those of sufficient general interest will be published in this paper. Letters must be authentic and be signed although signatures will not be published unless requested and names of authors will be kept confidential. Return address should be given but The Review will not undertake to return correspondence of any nature. SUBSCRIPTIONS Yearly subscriptions to The Panama Canal Review to any address in the Postal Union : $1.00 Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to the Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. SINGLE COPIES The Panama Canal Review is on sale at all Panama Canal Company Clubhouses, Commissaries, and Hotels for ten days after publication date for: 5 Cents a Copy Single copies after the close of general sales and individual copies by mail: 10 Cents Each Back copies of The Review, when available, may be bought from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone. No copies of the first issue are available for sale. L SPECIAL BINDERS for the PANAMA CANAL REVIEW are available at the larger Commissaries and Clubhouses for 50 cts. EACH Specially made binders of genuine leather mav be ordered direct from the Panama Canal Press for $7.00 each, and imitation leather binders may be ordered direct from the Press for $2.50. Both of the special kinds of binders come with your name imprinted in gold leaf. POLICEMEN WEXT back to school too when the Canal Zone's white schools reopened September 5, making their first appearance of the new school year at street crossings near schools throughout the Canal Zone. This group of students at the Balboa Elementary School and a sprinkling of parents who came along to help them register were directed across the street on opening day by Policeman S. R. Hollowell, himself a former Canal Zone pupil. ENROLLMENT UP The Canal Zone's white schools have more pupils than ever before. When the tabulation of registration for opening day was completed, school officials found that they had 5,161 pupils registered. This was six more than on opening day in 1949, the previous peak, and 324 more than last year's first day enrollment. Registration in the kindergartens and elementary schools was up; that in the junior and senior high schools and colleges down a little. Balboa elementary school, with 673 pupils, 88 more than last year, has the largest enrollment for the Canal Zone's white schools. Balboa High School is close behind with 657 students, 30 fewer than registered last year. amounted to about $125,000. About 500 claims for refunds were filed here in the first few days after passage of the Reed Bill June 24. The Reed Bill revoked the retroactive tax for the Canal Zone. GORGAS CLINICS MOVE Outpatient clinics and the blood bank at Gorgas Hospital moved September 17 to their new location on the first floor of Section B. The clinics occupy space where Wards 5 and 6 were formerly located. Clinics at the new location are: Allergy, dermatology, pediatrics, cardiac, diabetic, surgical, neuropsychiatric, hospital dental, orthopedic and urology, and the blood bank. Building 273 on Gorgas Road where some of the "clinics had been located, will be demolished. Space on the third floor of the Hospital Administration Building occupied by clinics will be converted to a recovery room near the operating rooms. TAX REFUNDS ARRIVE The arrival from The Internal Revenue Bureau's regional office in Jacksonville, Fla. of the first refunds for those who had paid taxes for 1950 was announced September 17 by Wendell L. Lindsay, Senior Deputy Collector for Internal Revenue in the Canal Zone. Between 50 and 100 refunds were in the first lot received, he said. Claims handled locally, Mr. Lindsay said, SCRAP SALES UP Contracts for the sale of thousands of tons of both ferrous and non-ferrous scrap were awarded during September in the Canal Zone, at a price of approximately $183,000. The contracts were awarded on two batches of scrap, those for non-ferrous scrap being awarded on September 6 and for the ferrous scrap on September 14. They were the first large lots to be sold on the Isthmus; previous large sales have been made through the Panama Canal Company's Washington office. The non-ferrous scrap included cast and sheet aluminum, brass castings, pipes and tubings, copper wire and screening, monel metal rods and tubes. The ferrous scrap included iron pipes, plates, castings, railroad ties, and heavy metal steel and wrought iron and steel. HOUSING OFFICE MOVES The Balboa Heights Housing Office moved September 22 from its old location near the Balboa gasoline station to the offices formerly used as headquarters for the Railroad and Terminals Bureau. The move was completed over the weekend and the new office opened for business the morning of September 24. The mattress factory will remain in the old Housing office building on Mindi Street. ASSISTANT DIRECTOR HERE Lt. Comdr. Walter Moore Vincent, USN, arrived September 7 to assume his new post as Assistant to the Director of the Industrial Bureau. A native of Cranston, R. I., he succeeds Commander I. J. Frankel who left in July for his new assignment. LOCAL FIREFIGHTERS dCantimeifrcm page S) member of the Canal Zone Girls State. One of the best-known of the firemen's extra-curricular activities, carried out with the blessing of Local 13, was the Christmas toy repair work. 'The firemen repaired, reconditioned, and repainted toys which had been turned over to them — sometimes their wives dressed dolls which the firemen were fixing up. In recent years the toy project has not been Isthmus-wide, but last year firemen at the Margarita and Gamboa stations kept the toy project tradition alive. In addition to Mr. Price, officers of Local 13 are: Joseph F. Dolan of Cocoli, vice president and at present acting chairman; Frederick A. Mohl, who is a past president of the Local, secretarytreasurer; and three trustees, John E. Youart, John A. Taber, and Austin J. Cullen.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5, 1951 BOARDING PARTIES have three men each, unless a new ship requires more than one admeasurer. This group is all from the south. L. F. Bushong of the Quarantine Service, left, is a Virginian. He has been here since 1934 and with the Quarantine Service since 1948. James C. Wood, tenter, Customs and Immigration officer, was born in Alabama but grew up on the Canal Zone. He has been with Customs for 11 years. Florida-born E. C. Flowers, an admeasurer, was a school teacher until he went to the waterfront a few months Canal Boarding Parties Do Not Share Poets 9 Enthusiasm For "Bounding Main" People who sing of the joys of life on the bounding main have never been members of a Panama Canal boarding party. A bounding main under a little launch alongside a five to 10,000-ton ship is definitely undesirable. The three-man boarding party had already made one trip "outside" to the anchorage the other morning when they were called for another batch of ships. James C. Wood, of Customs and Immigration and, when the occasion arises, Deputy Shipping Commissioner; L. F. Bushong, of the Quarantine Service, and E. C. Flowers, one of the Panama Canal's admeasurers, had left their home base at five o'clock that morning and had "cleaned up" the four commercial ships and the two banana boats which were waiting transit. Ordinarily their work falls into a different pattern, for a usual morning has nine or ten ships waiting for boarding and the party does not return to shore, until their relief arrives just before one p. m. This day was a little different. Soon after nine o'clock the Canal lookout reported several more ships in sight. When the lookout estimated that the ships, coming in a bunch, were an hour out, the boarding party packed up their gear and started for the mine dock. On the launch trip out to the buoy at the anchorage (this buoy is known to the waterfront as "Moaning Schloming," for a former pilot) they were accompanied by two pilots, Captains Harry Bach and M. C. Hill who were to take over the first two ships when the boarding party had finished with them. Two loaded banana boats, which need no pilots if they are under 65 feet in length and have a Panama Canal operating certificate, were boarded briefly on the way to the anchorage. Again, unlike most days, the water outside was glassy and the launch Emerald rolled only a little as she waited at "Moaning Schloming" for the inbound Queen Adelaide. Party Roards First Ship First man aboard, when the Queen Adelaide pulled up, her accommodation ladder already down, was Mr. Bushong, to be sure there were no quarantinable or communicablediseasesaboard. Had there been, the ship could have been held in quarantine. On his way up the ladder he wore heavy work gloves, to protect his hands from dirt, iron rust and, more important, the dangerous steel splinters which often protrude from the ladder's side cables. On deck, the members of the boarding party introduced themselves to the Queen Adelaide's master, Captain A. Hyslop, and followed him into his cabin. She was out of New Zealand, en route to London via Curacao, and was to take on 60 tons of water in Cristobal by tug. She was disembarking no passengers or crew. For the Quarantine service, Mr. Bushong asked Captain Hyslop if there were sickness of any sort aboard. There was none. One crewman, the master said, had a sore back and wanted to see a doctor. All of the meat aboard, the captain said, was from New Zealand— this in connection with the ban on meat from hoof-andmouth-disease infested countries. The master listed for Mr. Bushong his ports in New Zealand, his dates and the one expected stop after leaving Cristobal. Provisional, Free Pratique If the Queen Adelaide had been docking, things would have been handled in a slightly different fashion. She would have been examined for rats and insects and general sanitation, if she carried only a small amount of cargo and time permitted. If she were found to be clean, she would have been given a "Free Pratique," which guarantees that she meets all quarantine standards of the United States Public Health Service. She would then have been permitted to dock. If she were heavily loaded and thorough examination impossible, she would have been given a "Provisional Pratique," and permitted to dock. She would then have been required to put rat guards on all lines and might be further examined during and after discharge of cargo. The vaccination certificatesof everyone aboard would have been examined and those needing it would have been vaccinated. (Sometimes Mr. Bushong has vaccinated as many as 20 crewmen on one ship.) Although not a medical man himself, Mr. Bushong works under the general supervision of the Quarantine Officer in Charge, a medical man, who is called on when there is a questionable quarantine case. And had there been any need for it, Mr. Bushong would have been able to fumigate the ship, probably using the highly poisonous HCN gas. In the meantime, Mr. Wood was going over other of the ship's papers and questioning the master on some details. He checked the ship's register to determine her legality and identity. He verified the ship's name, the master's name, the name of the owner (the "Queen Line", of Glasgow), her time charter (proving that she was running under charter to the New Zealand Shipping Company), and her certificate of inspection, to show that she had complied with regulations as to personnel, equipment, and safety. He was given a copy of the Queen Adelaide's manifest (most of her 6,000 tons of cargo was tallow), and began to check the crew list. He found that she was carrying 33 men, including one DBS (Distressed British Seaman) who had come from a ship of the same line. This DBS was a Belgian; Mr. Wood had him called to the cabin to check that his papers were in order. No Explosives Aboard TheQiieen Adelaide carried no explosive or inflammable cargo; had she had any of this aboard, Mr. Wood would have had to determine whether this was being carried safely. He did obtain a Ship Information Sheet, which is filed for every vessel transiting the Canal and which was already made out, and a Declaration of Cargo, which is used in Canal statistics. As the Queen Adelaide had no passengers he was not concerned with that problem. Otherwise as Immigration Inspector he would have obtained for the Balboa Customs files a list giving the name, age, sex, nationality, passport or travel-document number, port of embarkation and final destination of transit passengers. For passengers destined to the Isthmus he would also have examined their passports, visas, and travel documents to see if all Immigration requirements of Panama and the Canal Zone had been complied with and, if so, given them permission to land. On an American ship, had there been any occasion, Mr. Wood, as Deputy Shipping Commissioner, might have obtained a statement under oath from the skipper as to desertion or other absence of any crew member. Such an oath is handled

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October 5,1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW at sea in case of non-docking ships. Or Mr. Wood could have visaed the Alien Crew List, signed on a seaman, noted the Ship's Log for previous crew changes or served as arbiter between master and crew had there been trouble or misunderstanding. As he checked the crew list, Mr. Wood determined that there were, no Japanese or Germans aboard. They would not have been permitted to land in the Canal Zone, without special permits issued in advance. Admeasurer Checks Tonnage Mr. Flowers had not been idle. The Queen Adelaide was not a newcomer to Canal waters and had previously been measured. Mr. Flowers had a notebook and other statistics on the vessel. He questioned Captain Hyslop as to any structural changes which might have been made since her last visit. There were none. He also checked her register against his office's figures from which the ship's tonnage certificate had been made up. Panama Canal net tonnage is not the registered net tonnage of a vessel. The Queen Adelaide, for instance, had a registered net tonnage of 2,993.44 tons; her Panama Canal net tonnage was 5,024.82. On this basis her tolls were computed at $4,522.50. Had there been any structural changes on the Queen Adelaide, Mr. Flowers would have measured them physically. He would have had to determine what spaces were exemptible or deductible (space for ship's stores, is; space for stores for sales, is not, for instance) and would have made allowance for them. Complex mathematical formulae are used to calculate these measurements, since, of course, the natural curves of a ship's structure must be allowed for. Most admeasurers are engineers; Mr. Flowers became an admeasurer a few months ago after years of teaching mathematics. Ships making their first transits, are, of course, measured completely. Much of this work is now falling on admeasurers on both sides of the Isthmus, as all government vessels, formerly tolls exempt, are now being measured for "credit tolls" — i. e., the Panama Canal Company's books are credited with tolls which such vess3ls would pay were they not government craft. Three Ships Waiting The boarding party's complicated business was handled swiftly. There were three other ships waiting. Next on the list was an intercoastal vessel, the Noonday. Because she was out of Honolulu, a U. S. port, she flew no quarantine flag. Lightly loaded with only 2,754 tons of cargo, mostly canned pineapple, she rode high in the water. The men of the boarding party had to jump to reach her accommodation ladder. She presented no problems and the boarding party moved on to the 3,805-ton Anchor Hitch of the Grace Line's feeder service. Officers of the Anchor Hitch were new and did not have her papers ready. Since she was to dock and since there was one more ship waiting for transit, the Balboa dispatcher, by radio telephone to the launch, ordered the boarding party to leave the Anchor Hitch and go on to the next vessel. As they finally headed for shore half an hour later, they saw the afternoon boarding party going on the Anchor Hitch. Last stint of the day was a lumberloaded Greek, the Maria G. Ciducundis, whose name in English bore only the faintest resemblance to the Greek-lettered name on her stern. She had no complications and was disposed of quickly. While the boarding party was aboard each ship, L. H. Anderson, who has been operating launches for the Panama Canal for 20 years, kept the trim white Emerald moving back and forth alongside the big ships.A native of Jamaica, he has lived in Panama since he was two months old, and has worked for the Canal since 1923. An occupational hazard of his job is seasickness, but "you get accustomed to the motion," he said. Sometimes, especially in October and November, rough water makes boarding at the anchorage too hazardous for even the stalwarts who do it day after day. In such cases, the pilots go aboard from tugs and the boarding party does not board until the ships are brought inside the calmer basin. Mr. Flowers, a comparative newcomer to the waterfront, had not yet experienced any hair-raising experiences. Mr. Bushong, however, was one of the boarding party last year when Customs officer Frank Mayo was drowned at the anchorage. And Mr. Wood still does not care to think of the time when his hand was caught between a Jacob's ladder and the side of a ship. The rail, over which the ladder hung, had broken. Men aboard the ship had to lift it, Mr. Wood still hanging desperately on, and shove it away from the side of the ship. Once in a while, things are reasonably funny. There was the time, some years ago, when a Customs officer on watch for smuggled drugs saw packages being tossed from a ship. He dived into the water, recovered enough to be used to prove his point — and then, he recalls, spent months trying to collect a claim for his ruined watch. Editor's Note: This is the second of a series of stories concerning the men whose business it is to put ships through the Panama Canal. The next will deal with the pilots. Forty Years Ago In September Although the Panama Canal was not to be opened for almost three years, construction work was well over the half-way mark. Less than one-fourth of the excavation was still to be done. On September 23, 1911, over 66 percent of the concrete for all the locks was in place. The work of setting machinery for the operation of the locks had been started with the preparation of foundations for the machines to operate two of the Stoney gate valves on the west wall of Gatun Locks. FROM LITTLE LAUNCHES like this the Panama Canal's Admeasurers, Customs and Immigration officers board ships. This picture, however, is of the seamen who handle a ship's lines during transit. They board in Balboa Basin where the water is smoother than outside near "Moaning Schloming." This particular ship is heavily loaded and consequently her accommodation ladder is short. Sometimes for big ships in ballast the boarding party has to use an almost perpendicular ladder or, w-orse, a Jacob's ladder which dangles straight down 35 to 40 feet. Specifications and plans for the locomotives which tow ships through the locks had been completed and sent to Washington so that bids might be asked. Forty locomotives were to be needed for the Gatun, Pedro Miguel, and Miraflores Locks. The system of towing, which is described at great length in the Panama Canal Record, was the invention of Edward Shildauer of the Canal engineering staff. The Isthmian Canal Commission authorized the sale, to the Chicago House Wrecking Company for $215,000, of all French equipment and scrap metal in the Canal Zone that had not already been taken into stock for us? or was not already in us?. Included in the lot sold were locomotives, dredges, excavators, and dump cars. In September 1911, the Commission reported that nearly 1,000 contract laborers had been recruited in the Antilles during the previous three months. They were slated for general laboring jobs and were in addition to 21)9 men who had been brought f rem Fortune, Turk's, and ether islands in the Bahamas group. The latter group, which would work primarily on the railroad relocation, had been recruited under arrangement with a man known as the "King if the Fortune Islands." Several Peruvian*, who were not recruited but who paid their own way to the Isthmus, had also teen milled to the force. The recently formed organization of employees who had completed six years of service on the Isthmus was christened the Society of the Chagres. On September 16, 1911, the society had 75 charter members.

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10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5, 1951 PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS From August 15 through September 15 The following list contains the names of those employees who were transferred from one division to another or from one type of work to another. It does not contain within-grade promotions or regradings. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Robert B. Mcllvaine, from Policeman, Police Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal, Customs and Immigration Division. Samuel W. Meyer, from File Clerk, Personnel Bureau, to Postal Clerk, Postal, Customs and Immigration Division. Richard A. Edmondson, from Policeman to Sergeant, Police Division. Walter H.Morton, from Customs Guard to Customs Inspector, Postal, Customs and Immigration Division. Paul Moser, from Recreational Supervisor to Physical Education Teacher, Schools Division. James E. Stearns, from Junior High School teacher to High School teacher, Division of Schools. Borghild L. Hermo, from Elementary School teacher to Junior High School teacher. Division of Schools. Norman C. Slade, from Commissary Assistant, Commissary Division, to Customs Guard, Postal, Customs and Immigration Division. Ria Rita Simmons, from Clerk-Stenographer, Adminstrative Branch, to Clerk, Stenographer, Postal, Customs, and Immigration Division. Henry E. Argue, from Policeman to Poice Sergeant, Police Division. William II. Munyon, from Police Sergeant to Police Lieutenant, Police Division. Carl O. Baldwin, from Police Lieutenant to Police Captain, Police Division. Grace J. Rider, from Junior High School Teacher to High School Teacher, Schools Division. COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU Alfred Houston, from Restaurant Manager to Clubhouse Manager, Clubhouse Division. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Joseph T. Verchinsky, from Principal Foreman, Water and Laboratories Branch, to Principal Foreman, Southern District, Municipal Division. Peter H. Borger, from Pump Operator, Dredging Division, to Pumpman, Municipal Division. Manlio Roy, from Civil Engineer, Civil Engineering Branch, to Structural Engineer, Structural Branch, Engineering Division. Nick M. Elich, from Principal Foreman to General Assistant Foreman, Municipal Division. Harland V. Howard, from Construction Inspector, Engineering Division, to Supervisory Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. Ovo K. Worley, from Construction Inspector, Engineering Division, to Supervisory Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. Charles A. Behringer, from Construction Engineer, Engineering Division, to Supervising Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. William L. de la Mater, from Construction Inspector, Engineering Division, to Supply Distribution Assistant, Contract and Inspection Division. William M. Sergeant, from Supervising Construction Inspector, Engineering Division, to Contract Officer, Contract and Inspection Division. Walter E. Colclasure, from Clerk, Engineering Division, to Administrative Assistant, Contract and Inspection Division. Clarence H. True, from Construction Engineer, Engineering Division, to Supervising Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. William C. Fritz, from Construction Inspector, Engineering Division, to Supervisory Construction Inspector, Contract and Inspection Division. Calvin L. Geiswite, from Policeman, Police Division, to Utility Operator, Municipal Division. FINANCE BUREAU Mrs. Nellie M. Audy, from Clerk-Typist to Payroll Clerk, Finance Bureau. James E. Lawson, from Fiscal Auditing Clerk, Audit Division, to Accounting Clerk, Accounting Division. HEALTH BUREAU Arthur W. Smith, from Fiscal Auditing Clerk, Audit Division, to Clerk, Gorgas Hospital. Mrs. Delia Pilkerton, from Nurse, to Nurse Supervisor (Psychiatric), Corozal Hospital. INDUSTRIAL BUREAU Christopher C. Bennett, and Alexander Rienks, from Machinist to Machinist and Elevator and Locomotive Crane Inspector, Production Division. MARINE BUREAU Wesley Herr, from Wireman, Electrical Division, to Lock Operator, Wireman, Locks Division. Charles V. Scheidegg, from Lock Operator, Wireman, to Tunnel Operator, Wireman, Locks Division. Walter H. Hebert, from Admeasurer to Chief Admeasurer, Navigation Division. Marshall E. Rinker, from Pump Operator to Accounting Clerk, Dredging Division. George R. Murray, from Dipper Dredge Engineer, Dredging Division, to Chief Towboat Engineer, Navigation Division. Edward J. Cullen, from Machinist and Inspector, Production Division, to Steam Engineer, Dredging Division. Otto A. Sundquist, from Floating Crane Engineer, Dredging Division, to LockOperator, Locks Division. PERSONNEL BUREAU Fred A. Durling, Jr., from Student Assistant, Municipal Division, to File Clerk, Personnel Bureau. RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU Donald R. Brayton, from Conductor to Traffic Clerk, Railroad Division. SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU Dorothy B. King, from Student Assistant to Clerk-Typist, Storehouses Division. Patricia Neckar, from Student Assistant to Clerk-Typist, Storehouses Division. Max R. Hart, from Fiscal Auditing Clerk Finance Bureau, to Safety Inspector, Storehouses and Motor Transportation Divisions. Lawrence Barca, from Machinist and Elevator Inspector, Industrial Bureau, to Plant Engineer and Machinist, Commissary Division. Austin F. Yoder, from Fiscal Auditing Clerk, Finance Bureau, to Supply Clerk, Storehouses Division. Charles Krause, from Storekeeper, to Engineman, Storehouses Division. SAFETY BRANCH Edward M. Altman, from Position Classifier, Personnel Bureau, to Public Safety Assistant, Safety Branch. QUITE A LOT of water spills over Madden Dam every time the four drum gates are opened.' The lateet spilling at the dam took place September 17, when this photograph was taken. About 20,000 cubic feet of water a second were discharged— enough to fill a good many bathtubs a good many times.

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October 5,1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Santa Claus Is Coming To Town FOR CHILDREN ONLY: As everyone knows, Santa Claus gets all around the world the night before Christmas, delivering toys to all good children. This year, however, Lew W. Mellvaine, the Commissary's toy buyer, met one of Santa Claus' helpers in New York last February and told him what Canal Zone boys and girls were going to ask for later on. Mr. Mellvaine even arranged for all the toys to be sent to the Canal Zone for storage so that Santa Claus wouldn't have to carryso many in his sleigh — or helicopter, if that is what he will use this year. You can see them on October 19 and tell your parents just what you want. But Santa knew all the time; even if you change your mind, he knew you would. As has been done for many years past, the Commissary Division has arranged for two great centralized toy previews and sales this year. On the Atlantic side, both will be held at the old Margarita Hospital. The Pacific side will have sale and preview at the former Ancon Theater building. The previews will be held Friday, October 19, from 3 to 5:30 p. m. and from 7 to 9 p. m. Santa Claus will make appearances at both places during the afternoon showing. No toys will be on sale on the day of the preview. The Toy Sale will open at both locations the following morning at 8:30 a. m. The hours and days of sale will be the same as the regular hours at Ancon, Balboa, and Cristobal commissaries: Tuesdays through Saturdays, from 8:30 a. m. to 5:30 p. m., with the usual noon-day closing from 12:30 to 2:30 p. m. Cash only will be accepted in buying toys; charge accounts will also be honored. The following Saturday, October 27, greeting cards, gift wrappings, and Lionel trains and accessories will go on sale at both Toy Sections. Christmas tree ornaments, lights, and decorations will not be on sale until December. Further details on this will be released through the Commissary Division's weekly trade circular. Ten Years Ago In September If anyone had any idea that the Third Locks program would not be carried to completion, it was not apparent in the news of ten years ago. Three days after Col. J. C. Mehaffey arrived to become Engineer of Maintenance and, later, Governor of The Panama Canal, he set off a dynamite blast which initiated dry excavation for the new Pacific Locks. A fewminutes later Col. Thomas B. Larkin, head of the Special Engineering Division, scooped up twelve cubic yards of earth with the mammoth shovel of a BucyrusMonighan Walker, the largest piece of dry excavation equipment ever brought to the Isthmus. Eight pretty girls, all daughters of men who had worked in the Canal Zone during construction days, posed for pictures in the Walker's huge scoop. Construction was booming. Authorized were a 312-man barracks at La Boca, a local-rate mess hall and barracks at Gamboa (recently demolished), two cantonmenttype family quarters at Cocoli, 48 family quarters and accommodations for 160 bachelor employees of masonry contractors in the Third Locks towns of Cocoli and Margarita. A million-dollar program got under way to double facilities at Colon Hospital where a two-story ward building, a clinic building, and steam plant were to be built at once. At Gorgas Hospital, preparatory work was started on a new chapel and mortuary building. The Diablo dispensary was opened. Bids were advertised on September 8 by the Army for the construction of two elementary school buildings. One, of '34 rooms, was to be built at Albrook Field; the other, a 27-room structure, was slated for Fort Kobbe. The Albrook building is now headquarters of the Caribbean Air Command; that at Fort Kobbe was used for the first time last year as a school. Cristobal port authorities lifted closed port regulations for outgoing ships. The regulations, which had banned traffic between sundown and sunrise, were modified to permit ships to sail from the Atlantic side port. The change was made to relieve port congestion and speed up outbound traffic. Air raid sirens, which had been installed C. Z. Community Chest Drive To Start Oct. 14 An intensive, short campaign is planned this year for the Canal Zone's fifth Community Chest campaign which starts October 14, F. J. Moumblow, Chest Chairman has announced. The goal for the drive this year is $31,500. Governor Francis K. Newcomer has again agreed to serve as honorary chairman of the Chest drive. Participating agencies will be the same as last year. This year, however, under Girl Scouts is included, "sponsors of the International Girl Scouts of the Canal Zone." The welfare and community agencies for which funds will be raised are: The Salvation Army, the Balboa and Cristobal Armed Services YMCA-USO; the Girl Scouts; Boy scouts; USO-JWB Armed Services Center; the National Catholic Community Services-USO; Corozal Hospital's Occupational Therapy and Recreational Program; the International Boy Scouts of the Canal Zone; the Summer Recreational Program and Canal Zone Civic Councils. This year the Chest is known as the "Bigger Red Feather," because of the inclusion of the USO's with the Armed Services centers. Headquarters for the Community Chest organization are at the Balboa Road office of the Canal Zone Credit Union which has again offered space without charge. "Telephone numbers at the headquarters are 2-1787 and 2-3215. Mrs. Douglas Johnston will serve this year as Director of the Community Chest campaign. William Jump, an oldtimer in Community Chest campaigns as well as in service, will head the campaign for local-rate employees, with Stanley Loney as his Pacific side vice chairman and James A. Hassocks as vice chairman for the Atlantic side. Mrs. J. B. Clemmons, Jr. will serve again this year as secretary of the Community Chest campaign and* Mrs. E. A. Doola'n will be treasurer. Their headquarters will be the office in the Credit Union in Balboa. E. D. White, Jr. of Margarita is Finance Chairman for this year's drive. Members of the Executive Committee are: Charles A. Garcia of Balboa, R. S. Ralph of Gatun, Truman H. Hoenke of Pedro Miguel, E. J. Didier of Margarita, and M. J. Goodin of Gamboa, all representing the Civic Councils in their Communities. The Chest campaign this year, for the fourth time is under the sponsorship of the civic councils. Representatives of the Armed Services on the Executive Committee are: Capt. V. F. Gordinier, for the 15th Naval District; Col. H. H. Schulz for the United States Army Caribbean; Col. Edgar Gunther for the Caribbean Air Command, and Maj. William D. Ceely, who served on the Community Chest Committee last year, for the Caribbean Command. all through the Canal Zone, got their first general test on September 28, 1941. The test was the first of a series which was planned to acquaint Isthmians with various types of signals: i.e., an oscillating blast for an alert signal, a long steady blast for an all-clear.

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12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5,1951 370 Hours of Police Work End With Capture Of Hotel Tivoli's Young Second Story Man A policeman's lot is not a happy one; everyone knows that. It's especially unhappy when he is trying to catch a secondstory burglar at the Hotel Tivoli. (Of course, it can be argued that the burglar, 19-year-old Steve Augustus Williams, will not have a hilariously happy time in Gamboa penitentiary for the next 10 years— he can get 46 months off that sentence if he behaves himself— but this piece is about the police!) The Canal Zone police were justifiably annoyed at five o'clock on the morning of last July 14 when the desk clerk at the Tivoli reported a burglary. That sort of thing is a breach of Canal Zone hospitality as well as of law. Police Sergeant Troy Hayes, Sergeant R. G. Nichols, Detective Tom Frensley, and Policemen C. H. Peavley and Arthur L. Blystone went to the hotel to investigate. They didn't know then that they and their colleagues were going to spend some 370 tiresome, tedious hours on the case before they had Williams started to Gamboa. The first case was simple enough. The victim was one Lee Hines, a transient guest about to leave by plane. His ransacked suitcase, its contents spread all around, was found in a hallway near Mr. Hines' room, No. 164. Clothing, eyeglasses, a fountain pen, and other miscellaneous items, worth together some $48, were missing, as well as a $100 planeticket. There was no indication that the doors had been forced and smudged finger# prints on the luggage and elsewhere were' valueless, as identification. (By this time, Police Sergeants H. V. Crooks and Harvey Rhyne and Officer N. J. Lewter had joined the burglary detail.) No. 2 — Three Hours Later Three hours later, Dr. and Mrs. James G. Townsend, in room 268, reported that their room had been entered while they were asleep. A $1,400 ring and a $150 wrist watch were missing. In his haste, the burglar had overlooked $285 in cash in an overnight bag. The print of a bare foot was found outside on a porch and powder brought out several good fingerprints in the Townsend's room. But the prints fitted none of the 100 hotel employees or former employees who were investigated and no such prints were found in the comprehensive police files. All-night watches were placed around the hotel, with special attention to week-ends. Nothing developed, no one suspicious was seen. On August 1 1 a guest in room 164 (scene of the first burglary) reported a theft. His billfold containing $480, was missing. The wallet, empty and wiped clean of prints, was found later near the porch steps. As luck would have it, Sergeant Nichols, who had planned to watch the hotel all night, was discovered by a hotel employee at 3:30 a. m. and, concluding that further surveillance was useless, had left his hiding place. In the meantime watch was kept on pawnshops, jewelry stores, the rooms of possible suspects, all with the full cooperation of the Panama police. Four localrate employees of the hotel, who had been working at the time of the burglaries, underwent lie-detector tests. Also tested was the unemployed brother of one of them. Four of the five were cleared but the fifth gave indications that he knew something of the crimes. (Investigators now believe that he had found the missing but empty billfold of burglary No. 3, searched it and wiped off his fingerprints, all without making a report of his find. He had been under investigation in Panama for assault and is serving a threemonth's sentence on this count.) No. 4— August 19 The hunt went on, on both sides of the Isthmus, but on August 19 there was a fourth burglary. Mr. and Mrs. J. Y. Caldwell, who had been assigned to room 268 (the same as that in which the second burglary occurred) reported the loss of Mrs. Caldwell's purse, containing $27 in cash and commissary coupons. About two o'clock that morning, she told the police, she had been awakened by the slamming of the screen door and had seen someone EVERY DETECTIVE en the Canal Zone force worked at some time or another on the Hotel Tivoli burglaries. Three of them compare some of the hundreds of fingerprints which were taken during the investigation. Standing, left, is Hiram Overall, who spotted burglar Steve Williams as he entered the hotel for the last time. Sgt. Harvey Rhyne is seated, with Thomas Frensley, right. running down the outside porch. There were indications that the burglar had climbed over the corridor door transom. The stolen purse, empty, was found on the grass outside the hotel. This last was just too much for the police. Any burglaries, they feel, are no good, but that many, no! All routine detective matters were suspended and the entire force put to work on the Tivoli burglaries. William R. Dunn, a Cristobal police officer not well known on the Pacific side, entered the hotel as a guest to watch from the inside. The break came the morning of August 24. About two o'clock that morning detective Hiram Overall, outside the north wing, saw a man come from Tivoli Avenue, remove his shoes and climb over the railing of the steps leading from the ground to the first floor porch. Detective Overall followed, first taking the precaution of hiding the suspect's shoes. A few minutes later, the burglar slithered over the transom into his old stamping ground, room 268, where Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell were asleep. Overall called his Cristobal colleague on the first floor for help. They Caught Him In the meantime, however, the thief had gotten into room 266, part of a suite with the Caldwell's room, but had, as it later turned out, also made a foray into nearby room 260 where he helped himself to some property. He startled Mi s. Caldwell, who screamed. The burglar fled down the porch. As he ran he collided with officers Overall and Dunn and a third colleague, H. H. Summerford. What the burglar did not know was that he had fallen neatly into a trap, baited with a $20 bill (belonging to Sgt. Nichols) which had been covered with a powder which glows under ultra-violet light. His hands and clothing shone brilliantly a short time later, when he was placed under the special light. Later, after questioning, the burglar, Williams, admitted all the thefts and on September 4 was sentenced to 10 years in Gamboa. The case, though, was not ended for the police. They wanted to get the stolen property back. Questioned as to Mrs. Townsend's ring, Williams gave a number of false leads and finally said he had sold it to an individual who frequented a Panama City pool hall. This character admitted receiving a ring from Williams but said he had sold it to a woman for $8. This woman was located at Matias Hernandez Hospital and the ring traced, through her to another woman and a pawnshop, to its present possessor. After all that, it turned out to be the wrong ring; its owner has not yet been located. The Panama and Canal Zone detectives had to start all over again. Questioned once more, Williams at last remembered having given such a ring to his landlady. She recalled that she had sold it to her fireman son for $1. The fireman, located after a lengthy search, eventually remembered this transaction and led the detectives to a Bomberos' dormitory in the market section of Panama City. The $1,400 ring was hanging on a nail in the wall! Pouncing on it, the detectives told the Bombero and his mother what the ring was worth. The woman fainted.

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October 5,1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 We Don't Have Everything At Diablo Clubhouse . . . but we do have a lot of things that bring a lot of people to the Clubhouse clay after day, year after year, and at all hours of the day and night. In fact, at Diablo Clubhouse, we have just about everything there is at any Canal Clubhouse, and more, because we have the big boss, too. For instance, . if There is food. That's in our cafeteria section. There you get the good solid variety that you want at mealtime or the sodas and sundaes or cokes or what-haveyou for the calories in between. -k Then there are all kinds of things to buy. They're in our merchandise section. People go there for a new lipstick, a cigar, a candy bar, a New York Times, a roll of film, a phonograph record and all kinds of things like that. ir And there's a theater. If you're interested in statistics, it has 450 seats. If you're interested in movies, it has them too — the common garden variety Hollywood productions most of the time, the "arty" variety on the last Thursday of the month, chiller-mystery-horror shows at 10:30 o'clock one Friday night a month . and sometimes, dramatic productions, by Isthmians for Isthmians and their mutual entertainment. if The ballroom on the second floor brings a lot of people to the Clubhouse, too. They gather there for meetings, bingo, dinner dances, and banquets, and all kinds of things people find to get together for. if A dance floor and a juke box draw the just-beyond-small-fry crowd through a red door to (what do you know?) the "Red Door," a new and special little gathering place where people sometimes have small informal parties. if There's an eight-lane bowling alley accredited by the American Bowling Congress, and bowled on by many a local league. if We even have a Library in the building, a new branch of the Panama Canal Library. if Some people who are run down at the heels come to the Clubhouse because it has a shoe shop. Others who want a new suit or their pants pressed come to see our tailor. if Grown-up girls who want a new dress or drapes to match the new slip covers talk their problems over with the seamstress. ir Lots of ladies come regularly for their wave sets and manicures. They go to the beauty shop. • Employees of the offices of the General Manager of the Clubhouse Division, and the General Manager too — that's Wilson Crook — arrive every morning bright and early and stay here all day because that's where they work on the second floor of the building. if Motion picture equipment from theaters all over the Isthmus is brought here every now and then because here's where it is fixed — in the motion picture equipment maintainer shop on the first floor of the building. We don't say the place is just like Grand Central Station — because we don't have any trains. But, we repeat, we do have a lot of things that bring a lot of people to the Diablo Clubhouse day after day, year after year, and at all hours of the day and night. And that's just the way we like it. Why don't you come, too? MUD AN D DUMP TRAINS {Continued from page 6) Culebra Cut, La Boca, then left the Canal to become a bartender in the Hotel Normandie in Panama. A Canal official who used to play poker at the hotel asked Holder if he would like to come back to work in the Canal Zone, and he took a job in 1911 as messenger in the Executive Department at Culebra. He left Canal service again in 1920, worked in the Metropole Bar and drove his own bus in Panama until 1940, when he came back to his present Canal job. Todd's first job for the Canal was in the "feeble ward" at Ancon Hospital "farm" in the area now occupied by the houses of the Health Director and Lieutenant Governor, at Balboa Heights. It was commonly called "the farm" Todd says, because at some earlier time the land had been used to raise foodstuffs for the hospital. As attendant at the hospital, Todd says he saw them "come in droves with dysentery, malaria, and typhoid." Gorgas A "Sweet Gentleman" Colonel Gorgas, later General, the Canal's famed first Chief Health Officer, was "a sweet gentleman who never lost his temper and always had a smile and talked nice." Todd says his daughter, "Miss Eileen," was the same way. When the present Administration Building at Balboa Heights was opened in 1914, Todd was transferred to the Record Bureau as messenger. He became a clerk in 1919 and since 1926 has been an office helper. Douglas came to the Isthmus in 1909 with his mother to join his brother who was already working for the Canal. He worked in Panama as clerk and watchman for a short time, then became an attendant at Ancon Hospital, where his brother was working. He first worked in the "private" wards where the nurses quarters are now located, then in the isolation wards, at that time located near the present site of the Governor's house at Balboa Heights. He remained there until 1918, then took over his present job as messenger for the Executive Department in the Administration Building. Daniels is a second generation Canal employee who came to the Isthmus to join his father who had been here since 1907. Daniels' first Canal job was that of janitor in the old Administration Building at Ancon — the present District Court Building. He became a messenger in the present Administration Building in 1918 and has been at the "Governor's Station" since March 1930. Fire, Our OLD Enemy (Continued from page 5) prevented had a little care been taken. Prevention could also have whittled down the figure of $700,000,000, which is the report of property losses from fire in the U. S. per year. All Canal Zone residents are invited to visit the fire stations on the Zone during Fire Prevention Week. You will be given a warm welcome by the men on duty who will be glad to show the equipment on display and to discuss your particular fire hazard problems. Further announcements concerning the program for Fire Prevention Week will appear in the local newspapers. 532,695 persons were killed in all nine American Wars through May 1951. 979,700 Americans were killed in motor vehicle accidents through May 1951.

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14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5,1951 TOUR HEALTH our out-of-doors Questions About The Blood Bank Since the establishment of the Blood Bank at Gorgas Hospital almost two years ago the Canal Zone public has taken a great deal of interest in donating blood for other people. The staff at the Blood Bank has cheerfully answered hundreds of questions concerning the giving of blood, many questions being repeated almost daily. Why not?— everyone who donates blood has a natural curiosity to find out all he can about the procedure and how it will affect him. The staff of the Blood Bank has prepared a list of a dozen questions which are asked frequently, together with the answers. These are printed below for the information of all concerned. 1. How much blood can I give? The usual amount taken is 500 cc, or one pint. The same amount is usually given to the patient. 2. How much blood is in my body? The average person has 12 to 15 pints of blood in his body. S. Will the procedure hurt me? Certainly not! A needle is inserted through the skin into a vein in the arm, and the the blood flows into the receiving bottle. 4Why does the blood flow uphill into the bottle? There is a vacuum in the receiving bottle which causes the blood to flow into the bottle. 5. Will I suffer any ill effects from donating a pint of blood? No. You will be kept lying down for a few minutes after the donation is completed, then you may resume your usual activities. Your body will make up the loss of blood in a short time. 6. How often can I donate blood? Blood can be donated every eight weeks with safety. However, for the Blood Bank purposes, a donor is not permitted to give blood oftener than once in three months. 7. How many types of blood are there? There are four major types: Type A occurring in 39 percent of people, Type B in 12 percent, Type AB in 4 percent, and Type in 45 percent (this is the International Classification and is based on studies made in the U. S.; studies based on the Isthmian population are slightly different). 8. Will the type of my blood change after donation? No. Normally a person's blood type never changes. 9. Can Type A blood be given to a patient who has Type B blood? No. As a rule, donor's blood and patient's blood must be of same type; however, Type blood may be given to any patient in an emergency. 10. How do yon know if donor's blood is acceptable to the patient? The blood of the donor and the blood of the patient are always cross-matched before a transfusion is given to be sure they are compatible. 11. Will I be given a card after giving blood that will show my blood type? Every donor is typed and a card showing his blood type is mailed to him. 12. Where is the Blood Bank, and when is it open? The Blood Bank is located in Gorgas Hospital, first floor, Section B (old Ward 6); it is open from 8:30 to 10:30 each morning from Monday through Friday. THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR OCTOBER 5th — American Legion, Post No. 6, Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. ra. 7th— Masters, Mates, and Pilots, No. 27, Diablo Clubhouse, 9 a. m. 8th — American Legion, Post No. 1 Balboa Legion Home, 7:30 p. m. Blacksmiths, No. 400, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. Machinists, Xo. 699, Margarita K. of C. Hall. 7:30 p. m. 9th— American Legion Auxiliary, No. 1 P.. ill >o.i 1. 1 -ion I lome, 7 :30 p. m. V. F. W., Post Xo. 100, Old Bov Scout Bldg., Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. Electrical Workers, Xo. 397, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. in. Painters, No. 1232, Cristobal Legion Hall, 7 p. m. 10th— Pacific Civic Council, Jewish Welfare Board, 7:30 p. m. American Legion, Post No. 2, Cristobal Legion Home, 7:30 p. m. AmericanTegion, Post Xo. 7, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m. 14th— Plumbers, Loral Xo. 606, Balboa Lodge Hall, 9:30 a. m, Steamfitters, No. 652, Margarita Clubhouse, 9:30 a. m. 15th Electrical Workers, No. 677, ('..nun Masonic Temple, 7:30 p. m. 16th — Operating Engineers, No. 595, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m. 17th— A. F. G. E., No. 14, Balboa Clubhouse, 7 p. m. American Legion Auxiliary, Xo. 3, Gatun Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m. Octob er Sailings From Cristobal Panama October 5 Cristobal _ __ October 12 Ancon October 19 Panama... October 26 From New York Cristobal __ __ ^October 3 Ancon __ October 10 Panama October 17 Cristobal .October 24 Ancon. .. October 31 V. F. W., Post Xo. 40, Balboa K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. in. 18th — American Legion Auxiliary, No. 6, Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m. 19th— V. F. W., Post No. 3857, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. Commissary Toy Sale Preview Margarita Hospital and Ancon Theater, 3-5:30 p. in., 7-9 p. m. 20th Commissary Toy Sale begins, Margarita Hospital and Ancon Theater, 8:30 a. m.-12:30 p. m., 2:305:30 p. m. 21st — Central Labor UnionMetalTrades Council, Balboa Lodge Hall, 8:30 a. m. 22d— V. F. W. Auxiliary, Post Xo. 3822 (Editor's Note: the material for this column has been prepared by Walter R. Lindsay, Chief of the Grounds Maintenance Division who is also in charge of the Canal Zone Experiment Gardens.) October is a poor month for flowers but there are several worthy of mention. The Heliconias (wild bananas or plantanilla) have been especially colorful this year. At least three species may still be seen along the Madden Road. Heliconia latispatha is the most common species of wild banana found on the Pacific side of the Isthmus. It is the species with upright inflorescence commonly found growing along the highways and other waste places. Heliconia mariae or Beefsteak Heliconia is one of the tallest species found in this region. The plants often reach a height of 20 feet or more and have flat, red inflorescence which are often a yard long. Heliconia curtispatha is the most showy species of Heliconia found in Panama. Its handsome pendant inflorescence is predominantly red and yellow with bright blue seeds. The plants are common on the Atlantic side of the Isthmus and may still be seen in flower along the road to Fort San Lorenzo. The Panama Poinsettia (Warscewiczia eoccinea) is starting to bloom. The long panicles of fiery red bracts make this small tree one of the handsomest in Panama. It is a relative of the coffee tree — but who but a botanist would ever guess it? Plants in flower may be seen as one drives through the Canal Zone Experiment Gardens at Summit. Two of the showy, yellow-flowered Cassias (Cassia multijuga and C. spectabilis) may also be seen in flower at the Experiment Gardens. Many people have inquired recently about the large showy tree on the west side of Gamboa Highway near the entrance to the Experiment Gardens. This is a fast-growing timber tree, Terminalia myriocarpa, which was introduced into the Canal Zone in 1927 from West Africa. The wood is comparable to that of the Central American mahogany. The abundant small, fuzzy flowers are creamcolored and are followed by clusters of small, crimson, winged fruits. Those who are interested in orchids might like to know that September and October are the months when the Cattleya deckerii is in bloom. This, by the way, is the only species of Cattleya found growing wild in Panama. The flowers are small compared to the commercial species of Cattleya but their lack of size is compensated for by their profusion. There are commonly five to 20 lavender flowers on a stem. Post Home, 7:30 p. m. 23d— V. F. W., Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. Operating Engineers, No. 595, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m. 24th American Legion Auxiliary, No. 2, Cristobal Legion Home, 7:30 p. m. American Legion, Post Xo. 7, Fort Clavton, 7:30 p. in. A. F. G. E., No. 88, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. 25th Governor-Employee Conference, Board Room, Administration Bldg., 2 p. m. NOVEMBER 1st — Carpenters, No. 667, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m.

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October 5, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Order Of Draft Call Outlined For Zone By Selective Service Procedure which will be followed for the induction into the service of Canal Zone residents, or of those registered with the two Canal Zone Selective Service Boards has been outlined by local Selective Service officials. First to be called will be those who volunteer for service. They will be inducted in the order in which they volunteered. The volunteers may be either United States citizens who have registered for Selective Service but who have not yet been called, or non-U. S. citizens who are within the 18-25 year age group, residents of the Canal Zone, without dependents and with no record of conviction of a felony. Additional information concerning the voluntary induction of aliens is obtainable from either of the two Canal Zone Local Boards. After the volunteers, non-volunteers will be called up in order of their dates of birth, with the oldest being selected first. The sole exception to this procedure is that in case of a delinquent, i. e., a person who has violated Selective Service regulations by failure to register or failure to comply with any other Selective Service obligation, he will be selected and ordered to report for induction before any other non-volunteer. When two or more registrants have the same birthday they will, among themselves, be selected in alphabetical order. No quota has yet been fixed for the Canal Zone, although the local Selective Service will have a credit for those Canal Zone men who have entered the armed services. Quotas are determined on the basis of the actual number of registrants classified I-A and I-A-0 (conscientious objectors) who have been found acceptable for service. When A. C. Medinger, State Selective Service Director, is notified that a certain number will be needed from the Canal Zone, each local board will select for induction its proportion of the number of men required to fill the call. They will be chosen from the registrants classified in I-A and I-A-O, who have been found acceptable for service. Class I includes Class I-A, those who are available for military service; Class I-C, those already in the armed service; Class I-D, those who are members of reserve components or students taking specific types of military training. In Class II are those who are deferred because of occupation, including students. In Class III are those who are deferred because of dependents. Class IV includes those who have been deferred specifically by law, i. e., certain veterans, elective officials, or because they are unfit for military service. And those in Class V are overage for military service. Seven young men, all of whom had registered in the United States, were inducted into the army here September 24 on the request of the boards with which they registered. Registration for Selective Service is not new to the Canal Zone but the Selective Service organization is the first ever established here. Beginning in 1940 when regAMERICAN MEN between the ages of IS and 26 registered September 6 for Selective Service, the first such registration held on the Isthmus since the days of World War II, and the first ever held under a Canal Zone Selective Service organization. In the top picture, Lt. Gov. H. D. Vogel, Executive Secretary E. C. Lombard, and Selective Service Director A. C. Medinger watch the registration at the Balboa Railroad Station. The first day's registration at both Boards was 227. In the lower picture, registrars and officials of Local Board No. 2 in Cristobal sign up the day's first two registrants. Left to right, seated: W. L. Howard, Chief Registrar; Thomas Anthonv Brenuan, 19, of Gatun, a senior at Cristobal High School; Victor Fisher, a registrar; Thomas Newton Stewart, 25, a Canal Zone fireman, and Sherman C. Brooks, a registrar. Standing are Judge E. I. P. Tatelman, Chairman of Local Board No. 2, and Mrs. Frances Hunnicutt, the Board's clerk. istration became compulsory in the continental United States for men between the ages of 21 and 35, Canal Zone men in that age group were required to register within five days after they reached the United States. This was later changed from the five-day period to "as soon as possible." In October 1943, by Presidential Proclamation, registration was extended to the Canal Zone and on November 15, all Canal Zone American male citizens between the ages of 18 and 44 were registered. Where registrants gave addresses in the United States their cards were forwarded to selective service boards in those locations; the registration cards of locally registered men without United States addresses were sent to Board No. 1, in Washington, D. C. Their classifications were then determined by the boards to which their registration cards had been sent. RETIREMENTS IN SEPTEMBER Employees who retired at the end of September, their birthplace, titles, and length of service at retirement, and their future addresses are: Clarence J. Ackerly, New York, Accounting Clerk, Audit Division; 34 years, 7 months, and 28 days; Mayetta, N. J. Dr. Claire C. Clay, Iowa, Manager, Mindi Dairy; 27 years, 3 months, and 17 days; California. Arthur V. Corbett, Maine, Foreman, Electrical Division; 21 years, 14 days; Otter Creek, Maine. Albert C. Garlington, South Carolina, Electrical Engineer; 40 years, 10 months, and 5 days; Newberry. South Carolina. Otto E. Griggel, Connecticut. Air Compressor Operator, Dredging Division; 27 years, 5 months, and 21 days; Wethersfield, Connecticut. Myron R. Herrin^ton, New York, Postal Clerk; 31 years. 11 months, and 8 days; Ancon. Leon A. Koperski, Michigan, Machinist, Production Division; 41 years, 6 months, and 14 days; Los Angeles, California. Arthur R. Lane, New Jersey, Senior Control House Operator, Atlantic Locks; 34 years, 1 month, and 10 days; Orlando, Florid. i. Earl W. Melrose, Illinois, Electrician, Motor Transportation Division, 21 years, 8 months, and 1 day; Springfield, Ohio. Harold A. Shafer, Mississippi, Engineman, Storehouses Division; 35 years, 11 months, and 7 days; San Diego, California.

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16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW October 5, 1951 "PETTICOAT FEVER' the set and part of the cast. was one of the most successful of the Little Theater's productions. Here are Little Theater Goals: Fun And Funds Fun for its members and funds to help others who are less fortunate are the two "F's" for the 80 members of Cristobal's Little Theater. A good many people on both sides of the Isthmus have seen and enjoyed the productions staged by the Little Theater. But not too many know that since the group was organized in 1939 the first meetings and the first plays were held in the basement of the Colon residence of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Motta— it has raised over $4,000 for the Shrine Hospitals for Crippled Children; raised over $500, in a Rotary Club-sponsored production, for the Old People's Home at Puerto Pilon; has sponsored Boy Scout Troop 6, recognized as one of the best on the Isthmus, and, during the war years, played to over 15,000 service men and women, donating time, talent, and facilities without one penny of compensation. Only a few months after the Cristobal Little Theater was formed it had outgrown its Motta-basement home and began to look for a place to call its home. An agreement was made with Council 801, Boy Scouts of America, whereby the Little Theater agreed to assume the responsibility for the maintenance of the old French building known as the "Scout Shack" and sponsor Troop 6 which used the building as a meeting place. In return the group was entitled to make such changes and alterations as would improve it for their purposes. Most of the work has been accomplished by the members themselves who, considering it a labor of love, have an affectionate regard for each nail and plank put into the Shack. At least $6,000 has been expended in these improvements. Over 60 Plays Presented By working hard, surmounting obstacles, solving difficult problems, in fact by achieving the impossible more than once, the group has presented over 60 plays. Included are many celebrated Broadway hits such as "The Torchbearers," "Outward Bound," "Blithe Spirit," "Arsenic and Old Lace," "You Can't Take It With You," and many others. Starting with a charter membership of about a dozen, none of whom remain on the Atlantic side at present, the membership reached a peak of 300 during the war years. At that time a number of the members were professionals from the stage and movies. In the years since, the membership has changed and shifted many times because of transfers, terminations, and change of duty. Some of the members have moved to good posts in theater or allied fields in the United States. Leo Snedeker, an active Little Theater member, is in radio work. Jack Yokum is on the faculty of the University of Wyoming. Others are on the professional stage or in Hollywood. And some were instrumental in founding the highly successful Theater Guild on the Pacific side of the Isthmus. The membershiphas always represented a true cross-section of the community. The Little Theater's first president was a banker, the second an accountant, the third a school teacher, followed, in order, by a Canal pilot, an oil gauger, a housewife, a printer, and, at present, another accountant. Now in rehearsal at the Shack is the well-known, three-act comedy "Heaven Can Wait," which will be produced about MUCH OF THE FUN comes after the show. Then is the time for a supper, spiced with talk of the evening's performance the middle of this month. There is only one shadow on the happy life of the Little Theater people. They are afraid that their beloved Shack will be sacrificed to the march of progress as the center of Atlantic side population shifts away from Colon Beach and further inland to Margarita and Gatun.