Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
September 1951
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not protected by copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
23584335 ( ALEPH )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
Gift of the Panama Canal Muum

PANAMA


CANAL.


=


Vol.2, No. 2 BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, SEPTEMBER 7, 1951 5 cents


TOWNSITE


PLANNING


ADVANCED


STAGE


FOR


NEW


TOWNS


OF


SUMMIT


AND


Study


Will Aid


For


Nev


CARDENAS

Specialists
Canal Plans
v Construction


4$
0

ib "
b.



SUMMIT, the new U. S. rate townsite, is shown above, in model form and as projected by townsite
planners. An arrow in the lower left points north and the town is seen as if from a plane flying toward
Cristobal. The thoroughfare at the left which splits at the town entrance is Gaillard Highway. The large
buildings in the center of the photograph are the civic center-commissary, clubhouse, postoffice, and schools
area. The main buildings are laid out in a hollow square with streets passing behind the buildings and parking
space adjacent. Small, bare areas in the residential sections would be playgrounds for small children.


Buys


Over


Panama


Purchases totaling more than
$1,525,000 were made by the Canal organ-
ization in the Republic of Panama during
the past fiscal year, according to the
annual report of the Supply and Services
rtml 1. *


$1,500,000


During


Past


ear


where quality, supply, and price meet
requirements. This policy has the double
objective of stimulating local agriculture
and industry as well as the elimination of
costly handling and shipping charges re-
I 1 I I 1 1 1


Recommendations of three townsite-
planning specialists who have spent the
summer on the Canal Zone will be in-
corporated into the new towns of Summit
and Cardenas. Studies they have made
during the past 10 weeks will also be
utilized in planning the extension to
Margarita and in future improvements
to the already existing Canal Zone towns.
The three specialists are H. M. Gifft,
Taylor B. Lewis, and Melvin M. Rotsch.
Mr. Gift and Mr. Lewis are sailing today
for New York to return to Cornell Uni-
versity where they are, respectively;
professor of Sanitary Engineering, and
Associate Professor of Civil Engineering.
Mr. Rotsch, Assistant Professor of Archi-
tecture at Texas Agricultural and Mech-
anical College, is leaving tomorrow to


return to Texas.
Experts in their lines-Mr. Gifft for
water supply and waste disposal, Mr.
Lewis for highways and traffic, and Mr.
Rotsch for housing-they have assisted
Canal Zone planners on the new town-
sites and the revamping of the older
towns. Their recommendations are in
connection with street patterns, grading,
housing sites-especially the adaptation
of housing to the Canal Zone's generally
rugged terrain, and the waste disposal
problem.
City planning, Mr. Rotsch told a group


Canal


-/-i7/




THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


September 7,1951


Many


Student


Assistants


Employed


With


Canal


During


Vacation


Period


Richer in experience as well as in
pocket, 74 young Canal Zone people this


month ar
Student
in virtua
pany-Goi
Ten of
positions
for such


re


finishing


a summer


Assistants. They
lly every division
vernment organize
Sthe group were
earning the regu
jobs. Almost all


ha
of
tio
in
lar
of


's work as
ve worked
the Com-
n.
temporary
rates paid
these were


college students home for vacation.
The other 64 were mainly those who are
still in high school or who have just fin-
ished school here. The 43 boys and 21
girls of this group were selected from
almost 300 who applied for summer work.
This year's summer employment pro-
gram has been a reactivation of a policy
which dates back to 1913. In June of that
year Col. H. F. Hodges, Acting Chairman
of the Isthmian Canal Commission,
approved a recommendation that Ameri-
can boys "of suitable age and qualifica-
tions" be employed as messengers. By
the late 1920's the program was in full
force.
Some well-known employees who were
summer workers of that period are B. I.
Everson, Superintendent of the Motor
Transportation Division; his brother,
John, now with the Electrical Division;
Captain Richard C. Sergeant, now a
Canal Pilot; Russell J. Jones, of the Fi-
nance Bureau; and E. J. Hack of the
Administrative Branch.
Program Expanded in 1930
During the depression years of the
early 1930's, the program was curtailed-
employment preference went to adults
who had been laid off previously-but the
plan began to recover late that decade.
It reached a peak 10 years ago when 177
students were employed in the summer of
1941, and 164 the following summer.


Later the demand for summer employees
decreased.
The work to which the student assist-
ants were assigned this year has been, in
great part, far from the routine filing and
clerking a good many of them had
expected. Wherever possible, their sum-
mer jobs have tied in with their school
work.
Take attractive, 18-year old Martha
Hook of Diablo Heights, for instance. An
incoming sophomore at the Canal Zone
Junior College, where she is a chemistry
major, Miss Hook spent her vacation
working at the Water and Laboratories
Branch of the Municipal Division. Morn-
ings she made a bacteriological examina-
tion of water and assisted in other tests at
the water laboratory. Afternoons she
typed reports and helped with other
clerical work. She thinks her summer
experience has been invaluable and hopes
to continue similar work later at the
Board of Health Laboratory.
Jobs Aid To College Work
For at least two of the older students,
Orlando Smith of Ancon, and Robert J.
Saarinen of Balboa, their summer jobs
have been, in effect, part of their college
courses. The former is entering his
sophomore year at Clemson College where
he is taking civil engineering. He spent
the summer as a cartographic surveys aid,
doing work he would normally be expected
to do in the vacation between his sopho-
more and junior years. He hopes to get
college credit for his Canal Zone work.
Young Saarinen, at 19. is entering his
junior year at the Cornell School of Hotel
Administration at Ithaca, N. Y. His
course requires him to have summer work
in an allied field. This summer he has
been a "supervisor of service" at the


ORLANDO SMITH


Cocoli Clubhouse, unofficially a restau-
rant manager. He is especially interested
in the preparation and attractive presen-
tation of food and believes his summer
job has helped a lot. "You've got to have
first-hand information," he says.


Postal Work Not Dull
Oscar Kourany, 18, of Panama City, is
one of the high school group. He will be
a senior at Balboa next year and after
that hopes to take a science course at
Morningside College in Iowa. He is one
of five boys who have been working at the
Balboa Heights Post Office, processing
philatelic mail for the new stamp issues.
Under the direction of Moises de la Pena,
Postal Clerk, the boys helped prepare
11,000 first-day covers for the new air
mail stamp which was issued July 16th,
and handled over 5,600 covers for the
West Indian commemorative stamp which
came out August 15th.
He had expected to find postal work
dull but was pleasantly surprised. "It's
been nothing of the sort," he said the
other day. "It's been something different
every day and now I've got a new interest."
In the Division of Storehouses, Patricia
Neckar and Dorothy King, both grad-
uates last June from Balboa High School,
have had the stupendous job of typing
some 60,000 cards and are credited by


.....





September 7, 1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Directors
1953


To Consider


Budget


September


Canal
Meeting


SIX MEMBERS of the Panama Canal Company Board of Directors who met in the Canal
Zone last February are shown above in committee sessions. They are, left to right: T. Cole-
man Andrews, Edward D. McKim, Major General Julian L. Schley, Lieutenant General R. A.
Wheeler, Governor Newcomer and W. R. Pfizer. Others who met with the special committee
to consider problems of the Canal's reorganization, shown, are Arnold Bruckner (standing),
Robert E. Maxwell and Lieutenant Governor Herbert D. Vogel, Vice President of the Panama
Canal Company.
The Board is scheduled to meet this month in Washington, D. C. Other members of the
13-man board are Frank Pace, Jr., Secretary of the Army, Major General Glen E. Edgerton,
Karl R. Bendetsen, B. F. Burdick, John W. Martin and Daniel E. Taylor.


Atlantic


Side


Hospital


Governor


Survey Under Way,


Tells


A survey of hospital facilities on the
Atlantic side is now being made, Governor
F. K. Newcomer told the "Shirt-Sleeve
Conference" August30 at Balboa Heights.
The conference met in the enlarged and
re-decorated Board Room on the third
floor of the Administration Building.
In answer to a question from Rufus
Lovelady, President of A. F. G. E. Lodge
No. 14, on rumors that Colon Hospital is
to be closed and Margarita Hospital reac-
tivated, Governor Newcomer said that a
study is now in progress.
Since the Atlantic side population cen-
ter is shifting from Cristobal to Marga-
rita, consideration is being given to the
possibility of reopening the Margarita
Hospital, he said.
The survey which has been requested
from the Engineering Division will pro-
vide a basis for a decision whether it
would be better to spend money on Mar-
garita or Colon Hospital. The Engineer-
ing Division, the Governor said, has been
asked for an estimate as to the probable
cost of putting the Margarita establish-
ment back into shape where it would be


a good hospital.
The hospital question was


one of two


Shirtsleeve


will own


Conference


the furniture they now rent,


after the payment of eight months of the
new rate.
After next May there will be no more
furniture rental except to new employees,
who will continue to be furnished with
basic furniture proportionate to their fam-
ily needs but on a short-term basis.
The rate adjustment has been made in
view of the 2,300 separate furniture rental
accounts which were being maintained
under the old rental plan. Some of these
were for amounts as low as 11 cents per
month. Generally, under the new system,
those paying furniture rental of between
one cent and $1 will pay a $1 rental
charge; those paying between $1 and $2,
will pay $2, etc.
Questions raised during the August con-
ference covered subjects from musty flour
to school bus rates. An unusual feature
of the most recent informal discussions
was that most matters were raised by
Atlantic siders who, one man declared,
considered themselves classed as "second-
class citizens."
Governor Newcomer opened the con-
ference with a breakdown, promised at
the last meeting, of the retail cost on a


An examination of the Panama Canal
Company's proposed budget for the
coming fiscal year will be one of the
principal items on the agenda of the
September meeting of the Board of
Directors.
The meeting, originally scheduled to be
held in the Canal Zone, will be held Sep-
tember 17 in Washington, D. C. It will
be the first Board meeting since the
Panama Canal Company came into being.
Governor Newcomer, President of the
Company, has announced that he will
bring to the attention of the Board of Di-
rectors preliminary reports on a possible
change in Panama Line schedules with a
view to instituting more formal studies if
deemed desirable. It was announced last
month that preliminary studies have been
initiated to determine the possible advan-
tage of using a more southerly port than
New York for the northern terminus of
the line.
The present studies have included an
investigation of possible schedule changes
which would permit ports of call for the
three liners on their north and south runs.
The problem is primarily an economic one
and will require much additional study
and data before any change is made in
event the Board of Directors consider
further studies worthwhile.
The 1953 fiscal year budget figures to
be presented at the September meeting
are only in the preliminary stage and do
not take into consideration any rate
changes which may later be required. It
is not expected that the Board will con-
sider any material changes in any Com-
pany rate schedules until the financial
results of operations for a period of
several months can be examined.

is of inferior octane rating, which was
checked by Col. Vogel, with the report
that the gasoline comes from Panama
Canal tanks and is identical with that
sold elsewhere on the Canal Zone; an
appeal ori behalf of retired employees by
several civic council representatives to
the effect that these retired employees be
permitted to retain quarters; a question
as to why employees' cars cannot be un-
loaded from incoming southbound ships




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


Quarters


Program


for


1952


Electrical Engineer
To Retire This Month


Provides


for


Over


500


Units


Approximately 500 quarters units are
scheduled for construction during the cur-
rent fiscal year, according to present
plans. The total is divided about equally
between the Atlantic and Pacific sides of
the Canal Zone. This iear's program,
part of the long-range $80,000,000
housing and townsite development plan,
calls for the expenditure of about
$11,000,000.
It is expected that much of the con-
struction work will be done by contract
but exactly how much will depend on bids
received.
At the present time, plans call for the
construction of the following: Silver City
townsite extension; Paraiso townsite ex-
tension; quarters in Ancon, Balboa,
Diablo Heights, Gatun and Margarita,
Paraiso, and Silver City; together with
clearing, grading and site preparation,
including utilities, for next year's building
at Summit, Cardenas, and Margarita.
The first bids to be solicited will be for
the Silver City townsite extension the
latter part of September.
Number Of Units Not Settled
A final determination on the exact
number of quarters to be built during the
fiscal year has not been made, except in a
few instances. At July's "Shirt-sleeve
conference," Lieutenant Governor H. D.


Many Student Assistants
Employed During Vacation
(Continued from page 2) assigned one
girl to its Main Office where she typed,
did routine filing, and answered the tele-
phone; another girl to similar work in the
telephone exchange; one boy to general
helper's duties at the Cristobal Trans-
former station; another to the Gatun
Hydroelectric station; and the third to
the Balboa substation.
The License Section used its boy and
girl assistants on general office work "and
they were a great help," they say.
The Police Division put its girl assist-
ant to work at headquarters, its boy at
the Balboa station, both of them helping
on the clerical end of police work.


Vogel reported the following plans for
U. S.-rate quarters: Margarita, 100 units;
Ancon, 70 units; Diablo, 12; Balboa, 12.
Final plans have been approved for 14
units in Balboa and 10 units are also
scheduled for Gatun.
Final plans for 118 local-rate quarters
have been approved for the northern sec-
tion of Paraiso and of 96 units at Silver
City.
The type of the houses to be built min
Margarita has not been determined, but
the buildings probably will be mostly of
masonry construction. No decision has
been made as to how many of the 100
will be cottages and how many will be
duplexes, although if the previous con-
struction pattern is followed, about 40
percent of the apartments will be cottages.
Types To Be Determined
In Ancon, again, the exact types are not
definite. Final plans covering some prom-
ising new designs are being rushed to
completion. Most of the new Ancon
housing will be in the Ancon Boulevard-
Chagres Street area where a large area
was graded earlier this year.
The new housing in Diablo will be con-
structed on Endicott Street, where an
area is to be cleared behind the old mess-
hall. These houses will be of masonry,
on-the-ground construction, and will in-
clude both cottages and duplexes.
The Balboa apartments will be built on
Pyle Street and the adjacent lower end of
Morgan Avenue, and will include both
cottages and duplexes. They will be com-
posite, off-the-ground construction, simi-
lar to the new houses in the San Juan
Place area in Ancon.
The 10 apartments at Gatun will pro-
bably be masonry, the type not yet
definite. They will be built on the high
ground along Jadwin Road where con-
struction has been going on this year.


TOCA?


A. C. Garlington, who came to the Canal Zone in
1910 and has served as Electrical Engineer for the
past 24 years, will voluntarily retire from Canal
service at the end of this month. He and Mrs. Gar-
lington plan to leave the Isthmus early in October.
Their plans are still indefinite but they expect to
make their future home somewhere in the Carolinas.


Retirements In August

Employees who retired at the end of
August, their birthplaces, titles and length
of service at retirement, and their future
addresses are:
Leon Borden, Austria, Senior Machinist
Foreman, Building Division; 25 years, five
months, and 22 days; Florida.
Edward E. Ellis, New Jersey, Clerk,
Receiving and Forwarding Agency; 30 years,
five months, and 27 days; Cristobal.
Patrick J. Henry, New Jersey, Chief
Engineer, Towboats, Navigation Division;
22 years, five months, and 16 days; Brook-
lyn, N. Y.
Herbert R. Judson, Massachusetts
Chief, Coupon Section, Audit Division: 32
years, nine months, and 17 days; Balboa
Heights.
Benjamin F. Kuller, Jr., Pennsylvania,
Filtration Plant Operator, Mount Hope; 25
years, two months, and 12 days; Franklin,
North Carolina.


HEALL TEL


Help On 4,000 Files
m.T- ,-w S -


A -- .. ... . 1 P *! p


1 I *11 S a. li





September 7,1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


FOR YOUR INTER


GUIDANCE


IDENT


PREVENTION


Our organization with 3,000,481 man-
hours of exposure and 39 disabling injur-
ies experienced a frequency rate of 13 for
the month of July with a resultant 24
percent improvement over our best year.
The Safety Branch is now located in
Rooms 102 and 103 of the Civil Affairs
Building, mailing address: Balboa
Heights, telephone number 2-3726.
We would like to take this means to
extend our best wishes to a friend and
former associate, Jack F. Paterson, who
recently resigned his position as Safety
Inspector, Locks Division, in order to con-
tinue his formal education at Johns Hop-
kins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
The following units of our organization
will receive Honor Roll Certificates for
completing their operational assignments
without a disabling injury during the
month of July: Locks Division, Clubhouse
Division, Electrical Division, Motor
Transportation Division, Division of
Storehouses, and Division of Sanitation.
These units are to be congratulated for
this accomplishment inasmuch as the
combined man-hours of exposure amounts
to 603,122.
Again we find that the INDUSTRIAL
BUREAU is to receive the Bureau Honor
Roll Award for the best record for July.
This bureau, not taking any chances on
receiving this recognition, completed the
month with no disabling injuries, hence a
frequency rate of ZERO. Congratula-
tions.


Honor


Roll


BUREAU AWARD FOR
Best Record


JULY
INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR
CIVIL AFFAIRS :
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION__
INDUSTRIAL .-------.-..-----.- '
HEALTH ....
COMMUNITY SERVICES............
MARINE-----------------------


The Community Services Bureau in its
varied operations includes nearly all
classifications of labor.
It has been noted however in reviewing
the records that all injuries fall into cer-
tain common classes with closely allied
causes. In the order of their incidence
rate the major types of injury are:
1. Cuts or lacerations sustained in the
use of sharp tools and power equipment.
2. Strains or sprains incurred while
lifting.
3. Falls from ladders, moving equip-
ment, uneven terrain, and slippery floor
surfaces.
4. Cuts and punctures received from
concealed objects.
5. Bruises received from objects falling
or being bumped.
6. Foreign matter in eyes.
7. Burns sustained from hot engines,
caustic materials and kitchen equipment.
8. Infections as the result of animal and
insect bites.
Safety rules vary with the requirements
of individual jobs. It is not practicable in
this article to hlist regulations pertaining to
specific operations; however, since it is
generally conceded that the majority of
injuries result from causes within the
control of the workers themselves, it is
felt that the following basic rules for em-
ployee conduct will be of help to all:
1. Be alert at all times. Avoid reckless-
ness. An inattentive man or one who
habitually takes chances causes injury to
himself or his fellow workman. Preview
all new work for danger point to avoid,
then proceed.


2. Practice
all areas und
and orderly
securely on
from falling o1
so as to allow
Follow all i
handling and
materials.


good
er your
conditi
shelves
objects a
Safe
instruct
storage


housekeeping. Keep
Control in a clean
on. Place supplies
to prevent injury
nd locate equipment
passagee at all times.
ions regarding the
of volatile or caustic


JOHN WELLS HARE, Safety Engineer,
Community Services Bureau


3. Have respect for tools and equip-
ment as potential sources of danger.
Report any defects to Supervisor. Use
care while handling, transporting, and
sharpening tools. Never adjust power
equipment with motor running.
4. Obey Supervisor's instructions.
When he issues orders for work to be
performed in a particular manner there
are reasons born of experience which are
for safety of man and machine.
5. Dress in adequate clothing that
offers protection but is not so loose that
it might snag on obstructions or get
caught in machinery. Utilize all safety
protective devices prescribed for your job
such as goggles, gloves, safety shoes, etc.
6. Report immediately to your fore-
man any injury received or observed re-
gardless of its severity. A small injury
may result in serious illness through
neglect.
7. Report all unsafe conditions or prac-
tices to your supervisor for correction.





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


Reopen

r Recess


Hundreds of new faces-most of them
are very young faces-are being seen
around the Canal Zone schools these days.
Most of them are the ex-kindergarteners
who graduated from fingerpainting and
rhythm bands to the more adult world of
reading and writing and arithmetic.
The Canal Zone's white schools opened
last Wednesday. The total enrollment
has not yet been compiled but school
officials expect it to be close to last year's
figure, approximately 4,900. This figure
covers the 14 elementary, junior and
senior high schools on the Canal Zone.
Other than the increased tuition
charges announced several months ago
and increases in pay, effective today, for
substitute and night school teachers,
comparatively few changes have been
made in the schools this year.
A full school schedule, kindergarten
through sixth grade, is being given at
both the Fort Kobbe and Cocoli elemen-
tary schools. Children from Cocoli proper
are attending the Cocoli school; all other
West Bank children are enrolled at the
Fort Kobbe school.
The latter was opened as a school for
the first time last year. At first only
grades one and two were taught but last
April additional grades were transferred
to the Kobbe building.
Ancon elementary school, which had
only five grades last year, will have six
grades again this year.
In addition to the new faces among the
student population, there are new faces
in the 162 man and woman teaching
staff; some familiar faces are missing
temporarily this year and others will be
found in new jobs or new locations.
Twenty-five new teachers for the sec-
ondary schools and 13 elementary school
teachers have joined the schools' faculty
as replacements.
Six teachers are on a year's leave: Miss
Claude Aycock and Miss Katharine
Clark of Balboa High School, Miss Mary
rWorrell of Cristobal High School, Miss
Lois Morgan of Balboa Junior High
School, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Rowley of the
Gatun Elementary School, and Mrs.
A / fl ^ t 1 .2tL 1fn f -t.. C-iL..1


WEST INDIANS who helped to build the Panama Canal were honored August 15 when a
special commemorative stamp was issued. Here Governor Newcomer talks with a group of the
oldtimers at a ceremony at the Mount Hope Ball Park.


THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR


7th-AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 6,
Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m.


V. F. W., Post No.
tobal, 7:30 p. m.
9th-STEAMFITTERS,
Lodge Hall, 9:30 a.
PLUMBERS, No.
K. of C. Hall, 9:30
10th-CRISTOBAL-I\
CIVIC COUNCIL.


3857, New Cris-
No. 652, Balboa
mn.
606, Margarita
a. m.
MARGARITA
Margarita Club-


house, 7:30 p. m.
PEDRO MIGUEL CIVIC COUN-
CIL, Union Church, 7 p. m.
BLACKSMITHS No. 400, Balboa
Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
V. F. W. Post No. 727, Fort Clayton,
7:30 p. m.
MACHINISTS, No. 699, Margarita
K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m.
V. F. W. Post No. 3822, Curundu
Road, 7:30 p. m.
AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 1,
Balboa Hall, 7:30 p. m.
11th-AMERICAN LEGION AUXIL-
IARY, Unit No. 1, Balboa Hall,
7:30 p. m.
V. F. W. Post No. 100, Old Boy
Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
PAINTERS, No. 1232, House 0838,
Balboa, 7 p. m.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, No.
397, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m.
AMRRTICAN T.RCTON. PnRt Nno 7


Panama

For


Line


Sailings


September


From Cristobal
Ancon................September 7
Panama,..............September 14
Cristobal.... . . ... ..September 21
Ancon ..... ..........September 28
From New York
Panama .. ............September 5
Cristobal. .............. September 12
Ancon. ........ ...... .September 19
Panama..............September 26


25th-OPERATING ENGINEERS, No.
595, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m.
AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 7,
Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m.
V. F. W. Post No. 100, Old Boy
Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m.
26th-AMERICAN LEGION AUXIL-
IARY, Unit No. 2, Cristobal Legion
Home, 7:30 p. m.
A 17 o r1. NT.x CO J-----


hite Schools

After Summ





September 7,1951


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Official
Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at
BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE


Printed by the Panama Canal Press
Mount Hope, Canal Zone
F. K. NEWCOMER
Governor


HERBERT D.


Lieutenant Governor
E. C. LOMBARD


VOGEL


Executive


Secretary


J. RUFUS HARDY
Editor


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Letters containing inquiries, sugges-
tions, criticisms or opinions of a general
nature will be accepted. In all cases
possible, letters to THE REVIEW will be
answered individually. Those of suffi-
cient general interest will be published
in this paper. Letters must be authen-
tic and be signed although signatures
will not be published unless requested
and names of authors will be kept con-
fidential. Return address should be
given but THE REVIEW will not under-
take to return correspondence of any
nature.


BALBOA LOST last month one of its oldest and best known landmarks.


The old Balboa Police Station which had stood at the head of the Prado-since 1914-was
sold on high bid and was demolished during the past month. It was originally built in Empire
in 1906 and was moved to Balboa in 1914 when it became the Balboa Central Police Station.
The police moved out of the building in 1936 when the station was transferred to its present
quarters on La Boca Road. Since then the old station has been used variously by the License
Bureau, the Silver Personnel Bureau, the Girl Scouts for storage, and the Schools Division.
Since 1938 the upper floor has been used as a girls' dormitory for the Canal Zone Junior College.


SUBSCRIPTIONS


Yearly
PANAMA


subscriptions


CANAL


REVIEW


address in the Postal Union:
$1.00


Postal


money


orders


should


made payable to the Treasurer, Pan-


ama


Canal


Company,


and mailed


to the Editor, THE PANAMA
REVIEW, Balboa Heights, C.


SINGLE COPIES
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


CANAL
Z.


IS On


sale at all Panama Canal Company


Clubhouses,


Commissaries,


Hotels for ten days after publication
date for:


5 Cents a Copy


Single


copies


the close


general sales and individual copies
by mail:


STOVE CLEANING FREE
The present charge of $2 for the clean-
ing of electric ranges when quarters are
vacated will no longer be made. Approval
of the recommendation to drop this charge
was given recently by Governor Newcomer.
The monthly charges made for the use of


el ctnc ran es s a


mainte-


nance and replacement of parts. The cost
of cleaning ranges after quarters are vacated
will now be absorbed in the regular main-
tenance charges.

NEW PHONE DIRECTORY
Listings for the 1952 edition of the
Panama Canal Company's telephone
directory may still be made if received
within the next few days, according to
an announcement at the Electrical Di-
vision offices.
While August 30th was originally set
as the deadline for new or revised
listings in the telephone directory, the
additional time has been given to per-
mit last-minute changes. The direc-
tory is scheduled to go to press late
this year.


Julian L. Schley; General Robert E. Wood,
former Chief Quartermaster of the Canal
and later President of Sears, Roebuck and
Co.; and Chan Gurney, former United
States Senator from South Dakota.


PUBLIC SAFETY PROGRAM
Matters pertaining to public safety
in the Canal Zone and particularly
those related to a major disaster of any
nature will be handled during this
fiscal year by the Safety Branch.
Edward M. Altman, Position Classi-
fier in the Personnel Division, has been
transferred to the Safety Branch as a
result of the additional work. He will
assume his new duties next Monday.
He has been employed by the Canal for
the past ten years, most of the time in
personnel work. He is a member of the
Canal Zone Bar and has served on
several occasions as Acting Magistrate.
The public safety program is designed
to provide a coordinated program in the
Canal Zone in event of any major
disaster.


OF CURRENT INTEREST


F S




THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


A ranging


Ships'


ransits,


Dockages,


Keeps


Panama


Canal


Dispatchers


Busy


There were 12 northbound and 13
southbound ships in the Canal. The
blackboard at one end of the Balboa dis-
patchers' office was white with writing.
The little markers which represent ships
were spaced at intervals of a foot or less


along the miniature Canal on the
sized, magnetic board.
"We couldn't fit another ship in
a shoehorn, if we tried," Balboa
Dispatcher R. L. Dickerson said.
One of the northbound vessels w
oreship, carrying some 25,000 tons o


wall-
with
Chief


as an
f iron


ore from Chile to the U. S. East Coast. It
had to go first in order to clear Gaillard
Cut before any southbound ships arrived.
There was one late arrival which had to
be worked in so that no ships would meet
in the Cut after dark. At almost the last
minute, Cristobal reported by telephone
that it was starting its 13th ship.
Fitting ships into a schedule for transit
of the Panama Canal is a major part of
the work of the 14 marine dispatchers.
The dispatcher has been called the
representative of the Panama Canal
intmost matters which relate to its pri-
mary .mission, serving shipping. That is
one way of describing one of the Canal
Zone's most interesting jobs and one
which, dispatcher Leonard Wolford ex-
plained, "can be learned only by osmosis."
Radio Arrival Time
An inbound ship is required to radio her
expected arrival time to the Marine Dis-
patcher. Canal regulations state that
ships due in Balboa must radio when they
are 48 and 24 hours out and when they
pass Cape Mala. Ships arriving in Cris-
tobal are expected to send a radio when
they are no less than 24 hours from port.
It will be a happy day when every ship
does what is expected, one dispatcher
commented.
These radio messages are official gov-
ernment communications and are carried
free, via either Navy or commercial wave-


lengths.


Radioed messages to a thip's


agents come at commercial rates. These
latter may request oil, water, supplies, or
dockage to handle cargo, and are relayed
to the dispatcher by the agents.
Each afternoon the dispatchers at
either end of the Canal begin making out
a tentative schedule for the following


day's transits or dockages. In the evening
the two dispatchers on duty exchange by
telephone their lists of the next day's
business. Next morning the dispatchers
confer again and later in the morning Mr.
Dickerson decides with Thorwald H.
Forsstrom, Cristobal Chief Dispatcher,
how many ships each side will handle. If
there is an unusually large number of
ships, which means the locks may have to
work overtime, the question is referred to
Capt. Robert M. Peacher, Marine Di-
rector, who decides how much overtime
will be authorized.
Usually Transit In Order
Ordinarily, ships transit in order of
their arrival. There are certain exceptions
to this ri ule. Loaded oreships, vessels
carrying hazardous cargo-their tiny rep-
licas on the Canal miniature are bright
red-and unusually large vessels must be
scheduled so that they will not meet other
ships in the Cut. A tanker with one type
cargo must have daylight all the way,


Cut, locks, and all. A tanker with another
type cargo requires daylight through the
Cut. Tankers with a third type cargo
require only a clear Cut.
Preference in transit is given to pas-
senger ships, on regular runs, with accom-
modations for 51 or more passengers, and


to government vessels which request such
handling. Such ships need not be started
first but may pass earlier starters during
transit.
A dispatcher's job, according to Stanley
F. Yost, one of Balboa's senior dis-
patchers, is a little like planning a news-
paper's front page. Something unexpected


happens and the whole layout has to be
revised. Capt. Marvin J. West, Balboa
Port Captain, put it this way:
"A dozen things can happen to throw
off the schedule. A ship master can under-


estimate or overestimate arrival time.
Cargo handling at the docks may go more
slowly than was expected because of a
heavy rain and the ship, which was to
undock and transit on an early schedule,
mav be delayed several hours."


Pilots Given Schedule


After the last arrival-time radio, the
dispatcher, knowing approximately how
many ships are due and figuring on how
many can be handled, notifies the pilots
needed, arranges for the crews of seamen
who handle ships' lines during transit and
prepares port clearances-after tolls have
been collected.
As the ships arrive in the Bay, he
assigns boarding parties to them. He
keeps in touch with the boarding party
it 1 1 -" _


by one of the two voice radio circuits
which come into his office. On this same
circuit, he can also talk to all transiting
ships. The other circuit provides for
ship-to-shore operations.
In addition to his two radio circuits, the
dispatcher handles two teletypes and 21
telephone circuits. There are direct lines
to all locks, signal stations, and other
Canal units concerned with handling or
supplying ships.


So far, it may sound routine, but a dis-
patcher's typical day can provide more
activity than Barnum and Bailey. For
instance, in a few hours the other day:
Every Day Is Busy
A pilot radioed that the ship he was
aboard had mail which had not been taken
off in Balboa; would the dispatcher ar-
range for its removal min Cristobal?
The Pacific Locks reported difficulty
with a lock chain, which momentarily
,was slowing down handling of vessels
there. The situation was reported by
telephone a few minutes later as having
been corrected.
The Balboa boarding party radioed in
a query as to the transit schedule for a
vessel they were about to board.
--- -* -.- 4 1.


m


I





September 7, 1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


information needed to locate on the Canal
diagram the numbered models which rep-
resent every ship.
A glance at this board enabled the busy
dispatcher to tell Southbound 5 to follow
Southbound 4 down the west side of
Pedro Miguel locks, or to order the pro-
ceed signal at La Pita signal station for a
northbound vessel.
The Marine Dispatchers are part of the
force of the two Port Captains' offices.
The Port Captains are Navy officers, on a
two-year detail to the Canal. Senior of
the two and, as such, Chief of the Naviga-
tion Division, is Capt. West at Balboa.
Captain William S. Parsons of Cristobal
arrived here last month.
Theoretically the Balboa office controls
transit traffic from Gamboa south. In
actual practice the Balboa dispatchers
handle all ships south of Gatun. Before
leaving Gatun locks the pilot of a south-
bound ship learns from the Balboa dis-
patcher what time he is to pass Gamboa.
Balboa handles most of the transit traffic,
but Cristobal has more harbor work.
Each side has an Assistant Port Cap-
tain, always a man with many years
experience as a Canal pilot. Captain
Everett 0. Swinson is Balboa's Assistant
Port Captain; Captain Samuel L. Brown
holds a similar post on the Atlantic Side.
They are relieved by a senior pilot during
vacation or other absences.
Over 35 Years Of Service
Balboa's Chief Dispatcher, Mr. Dicker-
son, has more than 35 years of govern-
ment service. Cristobal Chief Dispatcher
Forsstrom came to work for the Canal in
1916 and was made a dispatcher the
following year. His assistant chief dis-
patcher is Merwin A. French, with J. T.
Oliver in a similar post on the Pacific Side.
Each office has seven dispatchers and
Balboa has, in addition, one man in
training. They work eight-hour shifts
around the clock. The Chief Dispatcher
is on duty ordinarily from 7 a. m. to 3
p. m. For Balboa, a new position has just
been authorized which will put one addi-
tional man on duty from 2 p. m. to 10
p. m. at the time when most ships are in
the Cut and traffic is at its peak.
Balboa's dispatchers are: Mr. Yost,
D. T. McNeil, J. H. Hunt, Mr. Wolford,
and L. D. Bowman, with Preston Trim,
Jr., in training. They are assisted by the
following local rate dispatchers' clerks:
E. C. Sterling, A. G. Smith, G. A. Lateau,
P ITT ~ P A T'wlmnro F F,


LIFTING SHIPS is just part of the day's work for E. C. Sterling, senior of the dispatcher
clerks at the Balboa Part Captain's office, with his service with the Marine Divisions (now
Bureau) dating back to 1916. When telephone calls report that a ship has passed a certain point
in the Canal, he lifts [its replica and ;moves it farther along on the miniature Canal. Born in
Jamaica he came to the Canal Zone June 17, 1909.


FORTY


Culebra
Canal Bui


of soft
225 so
visible.
Cascade
breaks
vision
865 ncu
still to


ea
th
M
!as,
in
oft
bic
be


July
r-^~~r *1 / I -- -T r-tf


, now Gatllard, Cut was gtwvng
elders trouble 40 years ago. A fall
rth and rock covered steamshovel
at only the end of its boom was
Dud slid from the east side at Las
blocking all tracks. The new
the Cut's banks called for a re-
excavation figures. With 65,514,-
yards excavated, 23,929,140 was
done.


Elsewhere construction moved along.


Abou
locks
Gatui
plete(
wasg


t 59 percent oft
was in place; c
n spillway was
. The McClintii
given the award


the concrete for all


concrete wo
over 65 per
c-Marshall
for 22 spill
1


rk on the
cent cornm-
Company
way gates
fl-U -


YEARS


AGO


August


One man was killed, five hurt when a
locomotive, drawing a coal-loaded flat
car, ran onto a piece of track undermined
by a slide on the Cut's west incline. The
locomotive and car were thrown 40 feet
into the cut. A premature explosion of
dynamite at the Ancon quarry killed four,
seriously injured two.


The graves of 31 men, women, and chil-
dren who had been buried during the pre-
vious 50 years on Flamenco (Dead Man's)
Island, were transferred to the Ancon ceme-
tery, now Ridge Road. Most had died
aboard ships. Many were yellow fever
victims.


I




THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


Zone Youths R,

For Selective


register

Service


Canal Zone men --United States citi-
ozens between the ages of 18 and 26-who
registered yesterday at Local Boards No.
1 and 2 will soon receive printed classifi-
cation questionnaires from the Board
with which they registered. This form,
known as No. 100, will request consider-
able additional information from each reg-


istrant, Selective Service Director A. C.
Medinger said.
On the basis of the information given
at registration and supplied in these
forms, classifications of the registrants
will be made. The classification is expected
to take between one and two months.
Registrars spent a busy day yesterday.
The more than a dozen and a half regis-
trars worked at Local Board No. l's office
at the Balboa Railroad station and at
Board No. 2 in the Administration Build-
ing at Cristobal. Pacific side registrars
were headed by E. L. Payne; the Atlantic
side group worked under the direction of


Abe Howard.
At press time for the PANAMA CANAL
REVIEW, however, the exact number of
registrants had not been compiled.
Membership in the two local boards
was increased recently to five for each
board. The additional appointments pro-
vide for a minimum of at least three mem-
bers and allow for vacation and other
absences.
Harold I. Perantie, of the Executive
Secretary's office, is acting chairman of
Local Board No. 1 during the absence on
States vacation of Board Chairman F. H.
Irwin.


ABOUT COMMISSARY BUYING
Although the principal energy of the Commissary Division
is devoted to the sale of merchandise in the 19 retail stores
operated, there is also a large force devoted entirely to the
original purchase of the goods which eventually reach the
retail counters.
Goods From Many Sources
Almost the entire world (outside the Iron Curtain) has a
direct hand in caring for the Zonian's well-being.
Although 82 percent of the value of purchases in fiscal year
1951 came from the United States, there was bought locally,


including purchases from
Central and South America
and the Orient slightly ov
classes of products, these i
amounts:
Groceries
Refrigerated Foods
Drygoods
Housewares
Shoes
Candy and Tobacco
Gasoline and Oil .
*Raw Materials


other Company units, $1,673,000;
t furnished $835,000 worth; Europe
ter half-million dollars worth. By
purchasess consisted of the following


* Supplies used in manufacturing other items, and operating


The Company's purchasing
City, headed by the Division'
Clarke, does all of the States
San Francisco and a shipping :
Most of the buying is done
prepared on the Isthmus but 1
on-the-spot judgment and th
necessary trained specialists,
drygoods lines, and shoes.


$5,592,614
3,503,031
2,752,817
1,653,094
884,299
826,875
f 777,473
1,186,073
$17,176,277
materials.


office at 24 State St., New York
s former General Manager, V. J.
buying aided by a small staff in
representative in New Orleans.
in accordance with specifications
there are many items which need
e New York office staff has the
particularly for fresh produce,


Other Offices Active
With only a few exceptions, merchandise purchased in the


Local Purchases Are Handled Locally
All purchases from Central and South America (including
the West Indies) are handled by the Division's main office at
Mount Hope, often direct with the producer, at other times
with sales representatives located on the Isthmus.
Many large concerns maintain staffs here and, in other in-
stances, where a source of supply has to be sought out, as in
the case of rice and other agricultural products, a local agent
with contacts in the country of production and freedom to
travel at his own will, can often put us in touch with resources
with which we could not otherwise expect to become acquainted.
Most of the large scale local purchases, including those from
nearby countries, are made from competitive offerings, bids
being submitted as the result of local newspaper advertising
plus direct solicitation of all known producers and selling
agencies of the desired goods.
Consumer's Demand is Guide
The Commissary Division's entire buying effort is directed to
but a single end: that there shall be available for sale to its
patrons, when the patron wants them, all of the things that
are considered necessary and convenient to the American way
of living, and which will fit into the limits of its customers'
varying incomes and expenditure budgets.
This is obviously an impossible aim; however, based on
historical patterns of sales behavior, broken into long-run
trends, cyclical fluctuations, and seasonal variations, we feel
that we generally hit pretty close to the mark for the great
majority of our trade, especially with staple goods. For other
than staples, such as currently styled wearing apparel, novel-
ties, fancy foods, household appliances and gadgetries, the
problem of knowing what you are going to feel like spending
your money on-not tomorrow or next month, but about two
months from now-is much more difficult.
We do, however, have a considerable number of ways of
knowing fairly exactly what you will want. Most obvious, of
course, are your comments to salesclerks and supervisory per-
sonnel, and the notes you drop into the suggestion boxes
located in each retail store.
The verbal suggestions are passed on by key salesclerks
-.t,^ 41t. r, an4-Aj-1 -f UA 4nr,.-,rnnlnh rnnnf-1-thltr ,'n.YStarVannM >n TI cQrop.Q_


NEWS OF YOUR COMMISSARY STORES





September 7, 1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Canal


Zone


For


W


workers


Response


A


In


Lre Highly

Antiaircraf


Lauded

STraining


"The success of the Antiaircraft Civil-
ian Auxiliary Program may be attributed
entirely to the outstanding cooperation
and assistance of the people of the Canal
Zone, the Canal Zone Government, and
the Panama Canal Company," Col.
Sanford Goodman, Commanding Officer
of the 65th AAA Group, told THE PAN-
AMA CANAL REVIEW.
The results of the local training pro-
gram, which ended August 25 with auto-
matic weapon firing at a towed sleeve
target and a radio-controlled target plane,
will determine whether a similar program
of training volunteers to man antiaircraft
defenses will be undertaken in the
United States.
"Speaking for the men and officers of
the 65th AAA Group," Col. Goodman
continued, "may I take this opportunity
to express our sincere appreciation for
the fine work of each and every volunteer.
"The enthusiasm, willingness to learn,
and ready acceptance of the many re-
sponsibilities delegated reflect great credit
not only on each individual but on the
Canal Zone as a whole."
The following 140 employees of the
Panama Canal Company and the Canal
Zone Government, or members of the
families of Company-Government em-
ployees have served as volunteers in the
test of civilian adaptability to an anti-
aircraft program:


a. AAOC Group


(1) Wire-Radio Communications
Section
Kenneth R. A. Booth, Lawrence C.
Callaway, Robert A. Engelke, Everett L.
Farlow, William D. Hardie, Doris R.
Kintigh, Betty Lu Malone, Gladys E.
Napoleon, Hans P. Pedersen, Florence M.
Pierson, Edward Scott, Helen D. Walker,
Melvin E. Walker, and Ella E. Wertz.
(2) Plotting Section
Martha M. Carriker, Doris C. Y. Chan,


Garland F. Dowling, Patricia E. Kenealy,
Beatrice E. Lee, Elizabeth W. McNevin,
Eleanor D. Miller, Helen N. Minor,
Muriel C. Treadwell, and Josephine P.
Withers.


(3) Sw
Helen
Rosalie A.
Patricia B


'itchboard-Teletype-M 209
Converter Section
Beil, Virginia K. Christi
Demers, Willie Marie Duv
. Gregory, and Mary D. Park
b. Gun Group
(1) Gun Section


an,
all,
er.


William B. Allen, Woodford M. Bab-
bitt, Lee R. Beil, Mirt Bender, James P.
Boukalis, Bernard J. Brown, Benjamin S.
Chisholm, John J. Crawford, Robert D.
Daniels, John T. Dillon, John J. Dudak,
Arthur J. Farrell, Clarence L. Foiles,
Kerner E. Frauenheim, Fletcher R.
Gregory, John W. Hare, John F. Hern,
Charles F. Hinz, Charles J. Hinz, Clar-
ence D. Howell, Charles W. Hummer,
Charles T. Jackson, Jr., John J. Kennedy,
Patrick Kennedy, DeWight M: Kersh,
Fred H. Lee, Frank D. Naughton, Gerald
O. Parker, James W. Riggs, William J.
Rose, George H. Sanford, Earl E. Trout,
Randolph N. Trower, Stuart Wallace,
Howard E. Walling, William G. Wood,
George C. Wright, and James M. Zelsman.
(2) Range Section
Helen E. Chisholm, Dorothy E. Cole,
and Loretta M. Pace.
(3) Radar Section
Kathryn C. Hummer, Rose Hunt,
Louise L. Jones, Beulah A. Sanford,
Georgianna Stephenson, Ruth L. Straus,
and Margaret F. Wiggin.
(4) Communications Section


Margaret E.
Huff.


Brandl and


Antoinette


c. Automatic Weapons Group
(1) 40 MM Section
Walter J. Allen, Robert L. Anderson,
Thomas J. Breheney, John A. Everson,


Guy R. Exon, Roy E. Graham, Arthur J.
Hanson, Murray D. Hawk, Russell E.
Hellmund, Douglas S. Johnston, Gayl
Kellar, Walter R. Lindsay, David H.
Long, John J. McConaghy, Henry Mc-
Elhone, William D. McGowin, James W.
Myers, Jasper L. Myers, Antonio Orsini,
Richard R. Peglar, Bronson B. Powell,
John E. Ridge, Robert L. Ridge, Michael
A. Romeo, Hugh B. Smith, Wesley H.
Townsend, and John E. Winklosky.
(2) .50 cal Multiple Machine Gun
Section


William E.


Dobson, James R. Doran,


Carl P. Hoffman, Sr., Pasquale P.
Monaco, DeWitt E. Myers, Harry D.
Raymond, William N. Taylor, James M.
Thompson, William F. Young, Joseph L.
Hummer, Norman C. Anderson, William
L. Benny, Roy F. Burr, Robert A. Duvall,
William T. Harness, Henry H. Lee, Jr.
Ellis J. Lowe, Robert Lowry, John A.
Morales, Gordon E. Walbridge, Fred E.
Wells, and Russell T. Wise.
(3) Communications Section
Natalie C. Adams, Margaret L. Csighy,
Constance G. Engelke, Alberta P. Latti-
more, Mildred A. McMahon, Dorothea
F. McNall, Elsie D. Naughton, Gertrude
M. Roberto, Lorraine B. Schriftgiesser,
and Margaret A. Spreadbury.


Hearing


Aid's


Return


Brings German Thanks

E. T. Suse, of Hamburg, Germany,
thinks the United States is pretty fine-
all because of a hearing aid.
Late in 1941 his Sonotone auditory ap-
paratus was turned over to E. R. Carr,
then Acting Chief of Customs at Balboa,
for safekeeping. The exact circumstances
have faded with the years but it is believed
that Mr. Suse had been picked up with a
group of other Germans and held here in
immigration. He was sent from the Isth-
mus before the hearing aid could be re-
turned to him.


*: *" .'*i *. ,


/





THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


War
farther
Canal
dawn.
prehen
and C
leased
restrict
Pedro


was casting
/Nt l


r over the Canal
ports were cl(
After scores of
ided in the min
ristobal, milit
for publication
ted areas. W
Miguel became


Jul
its dark


)


I
3
n


YEARS


AGO


- August

shadow was named Saf


Zone ten years ago.
sed from dark to
fishermen were ap-
e fields off Balboa
ry authorities re-
diagrams of the
oodrow Spier of
the first Zonian to


be drafted. He was sworn into the service
at Camp Paraiso. Defense bonds were
soon to go on sale. Hunting licenses were
revoked for the duration.
Governor Glen E. Edgerton instructed
heads of departments and divisions to
conserve their use of magnesium, aluminum,
tungsten, nickel, and zinc. The Commissary
Division replaced metal caps for milk
bottles with paper caps. Householders
donated their old pots and pans to a scrap
drive.
Six Japanese ships which had waited
for more than a week in Limon Bay to
transit the Canal cleared from Cristobal
to continue their voyages via Cape Horn
or the Cape of Good Hope.
The Canal Zone was busting at the seams
in 1941. A police census showed a civilian
population of 42,846, an increase of 18,868
in two years. Preliminary plans were
announced for a $4,000,000 quarters
building program, with new houses for
Anceon, Balboa, Margarita, Cocoli, and
Gamboa, and a $700,00O addition to Colon
Hospital. The Margarita Post Office
opened and work was being rushed on the
first unit of -Margarita Hospital. The
Ancon Laundry, handling 45,000 pieces
daily, asked customer cooperation in care-
ful listing and wrapping.
On July 24th, as a local newspaper
reported it, "A Colombian stepped on a
Jamaican's toe and set off another inter-
national labor riot." Altogether in July
six such disturbances were reported. The
largest, at Gatun, involved 2,500 men.
Segregation of the laborers by nationality
was recommended and local magistrates
pleaded with the rioters brought before
them for tolerance in relations with their
fellows.


ety


Officer;


Panama
Congress-
defenses


Anniversaries

Employees who observed important
anniversaries in the United States Govern-
ment Service during the month of August
are listed alphabetically below. The
number of years include all Government
service, with the Canal or other agencies.
Those with continuous Canal or Railroad
service are indicated by (*) asterisks.
30 Years


Robert L. Jordan, 1
Navigation Division.
Richardson Selee,
Director.
Christian Simonsen,
tenance and construction e
cipal Division.


'owboat Master,


Civil


Affairs


Mechanic, main-
quipment, Muni-


25 Years
*EarlR. Baltozer, Meatcutter-in-charge,
Commissary Division.
*S. L. Churchill, Sergeant, Fire Division.
Alfred B. Fox, Gauger, Division of
Storehouses.
Francis X. Kerr, Supervising Struc-
tural Engineer, Engineering Division.
*Walter Van Vliet, Electrician, Aids to
Navigation Section.
Charles Walsh, Senior Foreman, con-
struction and maintenance, Building Divi-
sion.
Robert M. Wilford, Assistant Master
of Transportation, Railroad Division.
Christian W. Wirtz, Administrative
Assistant, Commissary Division.
20 Years
Kenneth W. Anderson, Clerk, Munici-
pal Division.
*S. N. Belanger, Master of Transporta-
tion, RailroadjDivision.


Canal


Chauffeur


4$> < A *
*' ^ **> ^ -
I> -. ,. * ^ .. .
{/y ^ '''.^ A:


TEN


Annual


Dance


By
The Canal


Planned


Zone Fire
Zone Fire ]


Fighters


Fighters


planning a Ball, to be held at the Hotel
El Panama, Friday evening, November 9.
Balls sponsored by the Canal Zone
Police Association have long been features
of Isthmian life, but the November 9th
dance will be the firemen's first venture
along such elaborate lines. The firemen
hope that this will be the first of a series
of annual affairs.
Fred Huddleston is in charge of ar-
rangements for the Fire Fighter's Ball.
Tickets will go on sale in the near future.


Does


Pencil


MiItili


Sketches


WV


p *. n C C ~ J-*2*-fl-U __________ .- a. -


""""""""""""'


Line chartered two freighters; and i
man Dow Harter praised Canal
after a brief visit here.


*Joshua A. Cunningham, Policeman,
Police Division.
*Waldron E. Eldridge, Nurse, Gorgas
Hospital.
Manuel Lichtenbaum, Pharmacist,
Gorgas Hospital.
SJohn A. Morales, II, Payroll Clerk,
Finance Bureau.
Charles E. Stepp, Investigator, Contra-
band Control Unit.
John H. Terry, Records Position
Clerk, Personnel Bureau.
Frank F. Williams, Cash Accounting
Clerk, Commissary Division.
15 Years
Paul Badonsky, Materials Engineer,
Locks Division.
*Eleanor D. Burnham, Librarian,
Civil Affairs Bureau.
Eulus C. Clemons, Electrical Welder,
Industrial Bureau.
Nick M. Elich, Principal Foreman,
Municipal Division.
Alton J. Hayward, Machinist, Indus-
trial Bureau.
Winters A. Hope, Engineering Drafts-
man, Dredging Division.
Alberta P. Lattimore, Retirement
Clerk, Personnel Bureau.
F. J. Meisinger, Traffic Clerk, Termi-
nals Division,
Charles G. Rickards, Senior Towboat
Master, Dredging Division. ,
*Walter T. Schapow, Instrument
Maker, Industrial Bureau.
Chester C. Turck, Tunnel Operator,
Locks Division.





!M .
'* / '
^ **S *
"* ** .:"
. 4V:^ ^-.
/'. e^- ^ .
r ^-f-


",^ I


*<*





September 7,1951


Leo Cagley Is Appointed
Engineering Branch Chief


The appointment of Leo Cagley as
Chief of the Civil Engineering Branch
of the Engineering Division was an-
nounced recently. The appointment
was effective August 27.
Until Mr. Cagley's appointment the
position of Chief of the Civil Engineer-
ing Branch had been occupied by Wells
Wright, in a dual capacity as Assistant
Designing Engineer and Acting Chief
of the Chief Engineering Branch.
Mr. Cagley came to work with the
Panama Canal in August, 1941, soon
after his graduation from Iowa State.
He served min the Navy from 1943 to
1946 and recently completed a year of
graduate study at Harvard University.


COMING


"TAKE CARE OF MY LITTLE
20th Century-Fox
Starring
JEANNE RAIN
We are especially proud to exhibit this film, which has won
who have seen it. It is a merry tale of campus life and of the
the co-eds who are away from home for the first time. We fee
in presenting it at Balboa Theater on September 8, to coincide wv
school year.


THE PANAMA


(


CANAL REVIEW


Community (

Start Workl
Plans are now being made for the 1951-
52 Community Chest drive which starts
)ctober 1. The coming campaign will


again be condu
F. J. Moumblo
Committee of
as chairman of
las Johnston ha
year as director


acted by the Civic Councils.
w, chairman of the General
Civic Councils, will serve
Sthe drive and Mrs. Doug-
[s agreed to serve again this
. William Jump is expected


to again head the group which will handle
solicitation in the local-rate communities.
Budgets for the 1951-52 Community
Chest are now being prepared, Mr.


EVENTS


?-3


GIRL"


unstinted praise from all
trials and tribulations of
l that we are very timely
ith the opening of another


"STRICTLY DISHONORABLE"
M-G-M


Starring
EZIO PINZA JANET
Except for those lucky ones who have seen him in "Sout
lot about Ezio Pinza, the great singing star, but we have no
he will be seen at Clubhouse theaters in this excellent p
Broadway stage hit, "Strictly Dishonorable." The story
forced to enter into a "marriage of convenience to escape
opportunity to enjoy the justly famous singing voice of Pi
that will keep you laughing all the way home.


"MR. BELVEDERE RINGS T
20th Century-Fox
Starring
CLIFTON WEBB


LEIGH
h Pacific," we have all heard a
t yet seen him. Now, however,
icturization of an outstanding
concerns an opera star who is
a frame-up. You will have an
nza as well as to see a picture


rHE


BELL"


You all have seen, no doubt, the previous laugh-classics featuring the antics of Mr.
Belvedere. In this, his latest vehicle, he takes over an old folks home to prove that "you
U-. _- _... .. .. O- fA- 7, A .----... ----I t't. f t t_ .. 1 ... L .. ..C.. .. .. ... . ...... .... .


-y


Ahest

On


Heads


'52


Drive


Girl Scouts:
$289.83; net, $2,
Boy Scouts: (
$289.83; net, $2
was received in
donors issued in
Scouts and deli'
part of their allo
JWB Armed
Quota, $3,333.32


Quota $3,000;
,710.17.
)uota, $3,000;


e
e]


,675.17, plus $3
personal check
Sthe name of t
vered to the Sc
cated funds.
Forces Service
; expenses, $319.


expenses
expenses,
5 which
:s from
he Boy
outs as
Center:
14; net,


$3,014.18.
National Catholic Community Serv-
ices: Quota, $3,333.34; expenses, $319.14,
net, $3,014.20.
Corozal Hospital: Quota, $3,806.57;
expenses, $364.75; net, $3,441.82.
International Boy Scouts: Quota, $1,-
582.14; expenses, $153.06; net, $1,429.08.
Margarita- Cristobal Civic Council:
Quota, $250; expenses, $24.42; net, $225.-


YOUR

CLUBHOUSE THEATERS


Moumblow said, and will be presented
shortly to the Chest's Executive Com-
mittee.
Funds totaling $33,753.18 have been
distributed to 14 Canal Zone welfare or
community activities which participated
in the 1950-51 Community Chest drive,
according to the final report of the audi-
tors which has just been submitted to
Governor F. K. Newcomer
The remaining $3,178.77 of Community
Chest funds remains on hand to begin
the 1951-52 drive next month.
Last October's drive, the fourth to be
held in the Canal Zone, had a goal of
$30,500, but this was oversubscribed by
$5,370. It was conducted under the
sponsorship of the Canal Zone Civic
Councils, with Emmett Zemer as chair-
man and Mrs. Johnston as director.
Agencies Received Their Quotas
Agencies which participated in last
year's campaign, their quotas and the
amounts they received are shown below.
In each case the difference between the
quota and the amount received is the
agency's share of the campaign expenses.
Salvation Army: Quota, $5,000; ex-
penses, $478.71; net, $4,521.29.
Balboa Armed Services YMCA: Quota,
$3,333.34; expenses, $319.14; net,
$3,014.20.
Cristobal Armed Services YMCA:
Quota, $2,500; expenses, $240.98; net,
$2,259.02.






THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


PROMOTIONS


The following list contains the names
of those employees who were transferred
from one division to another or from one
type of work to another. The promotion
list does not contain within-grade promo-
tions nor regradings.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mrs. Barbara M. Schmitt, from Clerk,
IPanama Iocal Agency, Railroad and Termi-
nals Bureau, to Clerk-Typist, Contrabland
Control Section.


G. Leroy Koontz
grapher to A\dministra
Division.
Robert A. Wainio,
to Customs Inspector,
Immigration D1ivision.
Kenneth C. Krogl
Teacher to Supervisir
tional High School.
Marvin Rosen. fro


vision, to Postal
Immigration Di


Clerk,
vision.


, from Clerk-steno-
tive Assistant, P'olice
front C(ustomns (uard
Postal, Customs and

h, from High School
ig Teacher, Occupa-

m Fireman, Fire Di-


Postal,


Customs and


COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU
WillisE. Martin, from Clerk to A\ssistant
to Housing Manager, Cristobal Office,
Housing Division.
Earl W. Sears, from Accounting Clerk to
Clerk, Balboa Office, Housing Division.
Roy A. Hall, from Inspector to Super-
visor, Buildings and Equipment, Clubhouse
Division.
Barbara A. Ely, from Student Assistant
to Library Assistant, Library.
Paul T. Roth, from Supply Clerk, Pedro
Miguel Housing Office, to Accounting Clerk,
Balboa Housing Office.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Gerald J. Fox, from Maintenance and
Construction Equipment Mechanic, to
Principal Foreman of Construction and
Maintenance, Municipal Division.
John A. Barbour, from Telephone
Repair Shop Foreman, to Wire Chief,
Balboa, Electrical Division.
David C. Ryan, from Telephone I nstaller-
Maintainer to Telephone Repair Shop Fore-
man, Electrical D)ivision.
Harold M. Fraser, from Telephone
Maintainer, to Wire Chief, Cristobal, Elec-
trical Division.


AND


TRANSFERS


Joseph T. Verchinsky, from Machinist,
to Principal Foreman, Water and Labora-
tories Branch, Municipal DI)ivision.
Austin E. Salter, from Wireman, to
Wireman, Leadingman, Electrical Division.
Howard E. Munro, from Powerhouse
Operator-Dispatcher, to Power I)ispatcher,
Electrical D)ivision.
Herbert F. Paddock, from Power Dis-
patcher, to Station Chief (Hydro-Generating
II) Electrical I division .
Earl M. Seagrave, from Station Chief
(Hydro-Generating II) to Supervisor, Gen-
eration and Transmission, Electrical Divi-
sion.
Jamie J. Carruth, Clerk to Administra-
tive Assistant, Building l)ivision.
Ralph HII. Otten, from Engineering Aid
to Architect (general) Engineering Division.
Luis D. Crespo, from Engineering
Draftsman to Civil Engineer, Engineering
Division.
Arthur V. Corbett, from Wireman,
Leadingman, to Electrical Foreman, Elec-
trical Division.
John Clayton, Jr., from Powerhouse
Operator to Powerhouse Operator-Dis-
patcher, Electrical Division.
Fred Yaeger, from Signalman, Naviga-
tion Division, to Pumpman, Municipal
Division.
FINANCE BUREAU
Mrs. Pauline Kaplan, from Ticket
Seller, Clubhouse Division, to Card Punch
Operator, Accounting l)ivision.
Howard M. Fuller, from Clerk, Railroad
and Terminals Bureau, to Accounting
Clerk, Accounting Division.


David C
Foreman t
Hospital.
H. Max
Policeman 1
Health Offic


HEALTH BUREAU
McIlhenny, from
o Funeral Director,


Hospital
Colon


Green, from Probationary
Sanitation Inspector, Colon


INDUSTRIAL BUREAU
Robert G. Brown, from Commissary
Assistant to Apprentice Shipwright, Pro-
duction Division.


John
Operator
tor, Loc


MARINE BUREAU
A. Dombrowsky,


Wireman,
Division.


to Senior


from Lock
Lock Opera-


From July 15 through August 15


RAILROAD


AND TERMINALS BUREAU


Bernard Dorfman, from Clerk to
Traffic.Manager, Panama Local Agency.
George R. Reel, from Pumpman, Mu-
nicipal Division, to Fiscal Accountant,
Director's Office, Railroad and Terminals
Bureau.

SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU
John F. Manning, from Commissary
Manager to Superintendent, Abattoir and
Cold Storage Plant, Commissary Division.
Carl L. Simons, from Student Assistant,
Division of Schools to Apprentice Pipe-
fitter, Commissary Division.
John L. Dougan, from Supervisor
Buildings and "Equipment, Clubhouse Di-
vision, to Steam Refrigeration Engineer and
Machinist, Commissary Division.
Lloyd W. Peterson, from Clerk, Rail-


road Division,
Storehouses.


to Supply Clerk, Division of


U. U-


14


Preston M. Trim, Jr., from Payroll
Clerk, Payroll Division, to Marine Dis-
patcher, Navigation Division.
Charles J. Connor, from Pump Opera-
tor to Pipeline Suction Dredge Foreman,
1 )redging Division.
Rutherford P. Rivet, from Foreman to
Pipeline Suction Dredge Mate, Dredging
Division.
George D. Suddaby, from Chief Opera-
tor to Pipeline Suction Dredge Master,
Dredging Division.
Landen H. Gunn, from Mate to Pipe-
line Suction Dredge Operator, Dredging
Division.
Camillus T. Askew, from Operator to
Chief Operator, Pipeline Suction Dredge,
Dredging division .
William P. Quinn, from Maintenance
Supervisor to Assistant Chief, Aids to
Navigation Section.
Murray Klipper, from Wireman, Elec-
trical Division, to Lock Operator, Wireman,
Locks Division.
Russell C. Mattheis, from Dipper Dredge
Mate to Locks Operator, Steam Engineer
Locomotive, Locks Division.
Spencer C. Lincoln, from Wireman,
Electrical Division, to Lock Operator, Wire-
man, Locks Division.
Daniel H. Rudge, from Clerk-Steno-
grapher to Safety Inspector, Navigation
Division.
Grover C. Cooper, from Electrician,
Commissary Division, to Lock Operator,
Wireman, Locks Division.
Henry E. May, Jr., from Gauger, Di-
vision of Storehouses, to Pump Operator,
Dredging Division.





September 7, 1951


THE PANAMA


CANAL REVIEW


Townsite Planning In Advance Stage
For New Towns Of Summit, Cardenas
(Continued from page 1) advanced to pre-
sent a picture of the birth of a town.
Summit, with its total area of about
371 acres, has about 300 acres scheduled
for town development.
Location Of New Town
The selected townsite lies to the right
of northbound traffic on Gaillard High-
way and roughly is between the present
Gun Club and the Golf Club. This area
was selected over an alternate site less
than a mile away and nearer the Summit
Experimental Gardens. Grading costs
would have been less at the site nearer the
Gardens, but utility costs would have
been higher. Other undesirable features
of the Gardens section were the proximity
of the main highway and the railroad
which would have divided the townsite.
A major factor in the final choice was the
fact that sewage from the area nearer the
Gardens would have been drained into
the Canal above the water intake at
Paraiso.
The new Summittownsitewillaccommo-
date a street development of slightly over
750 apartments and will give a population
density of three and one-half apartments
per developed residential acre. (The
present Balboa Flats area has a popula-
tion density of between eight and 11
apartments per residential acre).
At the new town, 30 acres are set aside
for a civic center and schools area. Plans
call for a swimming pool, as well as out-
door recreational areas adjacent to the
schools. In addition, five playgrounds
for smaller children would be scattered
throughout the residential area in such a
way that no house would be more than a
quarter-mile distant from a play area.
Natural recreation areas would be pro-
vided at the edge of the townsite by
thinning out trees, removing under-
growth and improving drainage.
Summit Is Crescent Shaped
At the present time the planners, local
and visiting, envision Summit townsite as
a crescent-shaped development. Its open
end is toward Gaillard Highway in the
direction of the prevailing breeze. There
is room for future expansion, if this be
needed, eastward and in the direction of
the Pedro Miguel River.
Ultimate plans may provide that the
new town would be connected to the
main traffic artery of Gaillard Highway


leaving Summit toward Balboa would
feed into Gaillard Highway through an
underpass which would prevent drivers
from having to make a left-hand turn
across traffic.


As the planners
ternal traffic would
streets 36 feet wide
of a 26-foot width.
the section between
sary and the Civil
feet wide; the ne
Boulevard through
area has a width of


see it, Summit's in-
be handled by feeder
and residential streets
(Gallard Highway, in
i the Tivoli Commis-
Affairs Building is 37
w section of Ancon
the San Juan Place
28 feet).


The 26-foot roads in the
area would allow parking on
permit two cars to pass, but w
wide enough to encourage re


speed
Sur
stage
that
be lai
side a
space.
story
so pla
have
of the


residential
one side and
would not be
ckless, high-


driving, Mr. Lewis pointed out.
nmit's crescent layout takes advan-
of the townsite's natural amphi-
er terrain. Residential areas would
d out on the rising ground on either
md one end of the flatter central
SOn the steep slopes both one-
and off-the-ground houses would be
ced that the higher structures would
view and ventilation over the roof
adjacent, lower houses.


Location of Civic Center
The civic center would be located in the
more level center space of the horseshoe.
As it is now seen, this civic center would
be in the form of a hollow square, or
pedestrian court, around which would be
located the commissary, clubhouse, thea-
ter, and postoffice. Space would be pro-
vided adjacent to these buildings for off-
street parking and the schools area would


be close
hazards.
be half a


by, but removed from traffic
In this central area would also
dozen "public lots" for churches,


etc. Bachelor quarters would be centrally
located, with respect to Clubhouse cafe-
teria and bus facilities and the planners
suggest that, since these concentrated,
large units are prominent structures in a
town of predominately low houses, they
deserve particular architectural study.
The family quarters would be spaced
for maximum privacy, with about 60 feet
between buildings and no house closer
than 30 feet to the street. Large back-
yards would provide an area for what Mr.
Rotsch feels is a neglected phase of Canal
Zone life-outdoor living. The Summit


area is not heavily w
trees there are wou
possible. As Summi
preliminary stage, th


ooded but what large
ld be left whenever
t is planned, in this
ie houses would vary


of consumption. In addition, a particular
local situation is that employees are fre-
quently transferred from town to town in
connection with their work.
Warehouse And Storage Areas
Other details which planners hope can
be incorporated into the new development
are a warehouse group, located well back
from the highway and screened by land-
scape planting, to serve both Summit and


Paraiso
warehou
such uni
Division
visions,
sion, an
removal
line fro
would b
munimty
areas, toc
and corn
location
near the


and to include parking space,
se and yard storage space for
ts as the Municipal and Building
s, the Motor Transportation Di-
and Grounds Maintenance Divi-
d a District Wireman's shop;
of the high voltage transmission
m its present location, which
e through the edge of the cornm-
center and parts of the residential
a location west of the highway
pletely outside of the town; and
of Summit's electrical sub-station
center part of the town but re-


moved from the residential areas.
sub-station would be accessible to,
removed from major streets.


Other problems o
have been working
tion with the "outsi
rita, where a large
in preparation for
was made late last
nections for the new


n which the planners
include some connec-
de world" for Marga-
expansion is planned
which a traffic check
month, arterial con-
local-rate townsite of


Cardenas, and the waste disposal problem
on the Atlantic side.
Cardenas, which straddles the Army's
Corozal-Clayton "back road," will com-
prise roughly 280 acres lying between the
Rio Dos Bocas and Cerro Corozal. A
major problem for this new town will be
the connection at heavily travelled Gail-
lard Highway and the main entrance road
to the new town.
An additional problem on which the
visitors have been consulting with local
planners is that of the remodeling of
Balboa where the work of reducing popu-
lation densities is now min progress as part
of the overall housing and town planning
program.

Canal Buys Over $1,500,000
In Panama During Past Year


(Continued from paj
the list of produ
separate items a
ducts, and about
.-fi .\ 4n vi^


-
ge ii is indicated by
cts. It contains some 75
among the agriculture pro-
it 50 different classifica-
1 .t- .. i flfl A i-m;.nl inn nat


I





16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


September 7, 1951


Scrap


Metal


Nation


Salvage He

wide Drive


re

T


Again

o Ave


r


Aids

t Shortages


Scenes reminiscent of World War II are
being reenacted at the Balboa Storehouse
scrap yard where hundreds of tons of
scrap metal are being gathered, sorted,
and made ready for shipment to the steel
mills and foundries in the United States.
Approximately 2,700 tons of ferrous
scrap are being offered for sale and bids
will be opened September 10. In addition,
bids were opened last week on 150 tons of
non-ferrous scrap metal.
The collection of scrap metal is a part of
a nationwide program recently launched
on a regional basis by the National Pro-
duction Authority. In charge of the
Canal Zone program is Jerome F. Prager,
Superintendent of Storehouses, who was
recently appointed Scrap Salvage Admin-
istrator for the Panama Canal Company.
Mr. Prager is well acquainted with the
task of ferreting out scrap metals by long
experience during the past war. The
Storehouse Division was awarded a pen-
nant early in 1945 for its work in the col-
lection of scrap metal for the war effort.
During that period three supervisors, two
crane operators, and 85 local-rate workers
were engaged in the program.
Nation Inventories Low
Inventories of scrap iron and steel at
the Nation's 200 mills and foundries are
dangerously low, the National Production
Authority has announced, and unless
scrap supplies are appreciably expanded
within the next few months the steel pro-
duction program may be seriously affected.
The accompanying pictures indicate
the extent and some of the work required
in processing scrap before it is shipped.
In the upper picture, a locomotive crane
is hip-deep in unclassified scrap being un-
loaded. A heavy cutting machine shown
in the middle picture, is used to reduce
some of the material to proper size.
Heavier scrap is cut by torches. The
lower pictures shows hundreds of tons of
metal in the scrap yard ready for ship-
ment after being classified and cut.
The scrap collection program has the
following objectives:
1 A ono,' phf ,ll r11,nnnr icw fnr Anrmnntn


-tt
m-"
----
O


,.- fl~r, ~ .r .. a-


r .




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PAGE 1

Gift of the Panama Canal Muiaum W^i-mO 1H£ BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, SEPTEMBER 7, 1951 5 cents Vol. 2, No. 2 TOWNSITE PLANNING IS IN ADVANCED STAGE FOR NEW TO WNS OF SUMMIT AND CARDENAS Study By Specialists Will Aid Canal Plans For New Construction Recommendations of three townsiteplanning specialists who have spent the summer on the Canal Zone will be incorporated into the new towns of Summit and Cardenas. Studies they have made during the past 10 weeks will also be utilized in planning the extension to Margarita and in future improvements to the already existing Canal Zone towns. The three specialists are H. M. Gifft, Taylor B. Lewis, and Melvin M. Rotsch. Mr. Gifft and Mr. Lewis are sailing today for New York to return to Cornell University where they are, respectively, professor of Sanitary Engineering, and Associate Professor of Civil Engineering. Mr. Rotsch, Assistant Professor of Architecture at Texas Agricultural and Mechanical College, is leaving tomorrow to return to Texas. Experts in their lines — Mr. Gifft for water supply and waste disposal, Mr. Lewis for highways and traffic, and Mr. Rotsch for housing— they have assisted Canal Zone planners on the new townsites and the revamping of the older towns. Their recommendations are in connection with street patterns, grading, housing sites—especially the adaptation of housing to the Canal Zone's generally rugged terrain, and the waste disposal problem. City planning, Mr. Rotsch told a group of engineers recently, is a comparatively new profession. The place to start such planning is a growing town but too often municipal planning is not done until a town becomes a city, he said. First City Planning In 1880 There was no city planning, in its present sense, until the late 1800's when the first "satellite" towns were planned outside of London but there was no general movement in the direction of overall planning until after World War I. Harvard University had one of the first such schools, opened in 1932, and other universities and colleges are now offering city planning courses in connection with their schools of architecture, landscape architecture or engineering, either as graduate or undergraduate work. The three specialists have collaborated with the Civil Engineering Branch on future plans for Margarita, Paraiso, Ancon, Silver City, and the new towns of Summit and Cardenas. The studies of Summit are far enough (See page la) P 5P.™S£D TOWNSITE OF SUMMIT C.7 SUMMIT, the new U. S. rate townsite, is shown above, in model form and as projected by townsite planners. An arrow in the lower left points north and the town is seen as if from a plane flying toward Cristobal. The thoroughfare at the left w r hich splits at the town erttrance is Gaillard Highway. The large buildings in the center of the photograph are the civic center — commissary, clubhouse, postoffice, and schools area. The main buildings are laid out in a hollow square with streets passing behind the buildings and parking space adjacent. Small, bare areas in the residential sections would be playgrounds for small children. Canal Buys Over $1,500,000 In Panama During Past Year Purchases totaling more than $1,525,000 were made by the Canal organization in the Republic of Panama during the past fiscal year, according to the annual report of the Supply and Services Bureau. These were exclusive of purchases made by armed forces or other Government agencies in the Canal Zone. Nearly half of these purchases, in dollar value, were Panama beef cattle and other agricultural produce of a varied nature. Meat purchases for the year totalled nearly $395,000, while slightly over $315,000 was spent for agriculture products, mostly fresh fruits and vegetables. Other purchases listed by the Supply and Services Bureau included the following: Industrial products, $325,000; beverages, $110,000; forest products, $53,000; and miscellaneous items ranging from oystershells to advertising, $335,000. The heaviest buying was during the months of January, February, and March, when meat and agricultural produce deliveries were heaviest. The monetary value of the products bought that period amounted to over $520,000. Purchases in the other three quarters of the past fiscal year averaged well above $300,000. The Canal organization has long followed a policy of making local purchases where quality, supply, and price meet requirements. This policy has the double objective of stimulating local agriculture and industry as well as the elimination of costly handling and shipping charges required on products bought elsewhere. During recent years the principal purchases, in money value, have been beef, cement, lumber, sugar, building materials, and fresh fruits and vegetables. While Panama beef constitutes the principal item of the meat purchases, other meats are bought in considerable quantities when available. These include chickens, turkeys, lamb, pork, fish, lobster, and shrimp. Locally produced sugar has been a major item bought from Panama producers during the past two years. The great variety of produce bought in the Republic of Panama (See page IS) FEATURES IN THIS ISSUE # Think you have a ticklish job? Read about the troubles of Marine Dispatchers In making the Canal transit schedules. See page 8. • A complete list of those employees from the Canal organization who participated In the Civilian Antiaircraft Training program. See page 11. General plans for this year's house building program are described in this Issue. See page 4.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 Many Student Assistants Employed With Canal During Vacation Period Richer in experience as well as in pocket, 74 young Canal Zone people this month are finishing a summer's work as Student Assistants. They have worked in virtually every division of the Company-Government organization. Ten of the group were in temporary positions earning the regular rates paid for such jobs. Almost all of these were college students home for vacation. The other 64 were mainly those who are still in high school or who have just finished school here. The 43 boys and 21 girls of this group were selected from almost 300 who applied for summer work. This year's summer employment program has been a reactivation of a policy which dates back to 1913. In June of that year Col. H. F. Hodges, Acting Chairman of the Isthmian Canal Commission, approved a recommendation that American boys "of suitable age and qualifications" be employed as messengers. By the late 1920's the program was in full force. Some well-known employees who were summer workers of that period are B. I. Everson, Superintendent of the Motor Transportation Division; his brother, John, now with the Electrical Division; Captain Richard C. Sergeant, now a Canal Pilot; Russell J. Jones, of the Finance Bureau; and E. J. Hack of the Administrative Branch. Program Expanded in 1930 During the depression years of the early 1930's, the program was curtailed— employment preference went to adults who had been laid off previously — but the plan began to recover late that decade. It reached a peak 10 years ago when 177 students were employed in the summer of 1941, and 164 the following summer. Later the demand for summer employees decreased. The work to which the student assistants were assigned this year has been, in great part, far from the routine filing and clerking a good many of them had expected. Wherever possible, their summer jobs have tied in with their school work. Take attractive, 18-year old Martha Hook of Diablo Heights, for instance. An incoming sophomore at the Canal Zone Junior College, where she is a chemistry major, Miss Hook spent her vacation working at the Water and Laboratories Branch of the Municipal Division. Mornings she made a bacteriological examination of water and assisted in other tests at the water laboratory. Afternoons she typed reports and helped with other clerical work. She thinks her summer experience has been invaluable and hopes to continue similar work later at the Board of Health Laboratory. Jobs Aid To College Work For at least two of the older students, Orlando Smith of Ancon, and Robert J. Saarinen of Balboa, their summer jobs have been, in effect, part of their college courses. The former is entering his sophomore year at Clemson College where he is taking civil engineering. He spent the summer as a cartographic surveys aid, doing work he would normally be expected to do in the vacation between his sophomore and junior years. He hopes to get college credit for his Canal Zone work. Young Saarinen, at 19, is entering his junior year at the Cornell School of Hotel Administration at Ithaca, N. Y. His course requires him to have summer work in an allied field. This summer he has been a "supervisor of service" at the ORLANDO SMITH FOURTH GENERATION of her family to work for the Panama Canal,. Joan Gibson has spent the summer as a student assistant for the Electrical Division. Joan, 17, is the daughter of Mrs. Gertrude H. Gibson, who works in the Communications Branch. Her father, the late Captain Stuart D, Gibson, was a towboat master until his death in 1945. Joan's grandfather, Thomas W. Harrison, worked for the Isthmian Canal Commission and the Panama Canal's Mechanical Division from 1906 until his retirement in February 1946, and her greatgrandfather, the late Stephen Calvit, also went to work here in 1906 and was retired in 1928. Joan is a senior at Balboa High School. Cocoli Clubhouse, unofficially a restaurant manager. He is especially interested in the preparation and attractive presentation of food and believes his summer job has helped a lot. "You've got to have first-hand information," he says. Postal Work Not Dull Oscar Kourany, 18, of Panama City, is one of the high school group. He will be a senior at Balboa next year and after that hopes to take a science course at Morningside College in Iowa. He is one of five boys who have been working at the Balboa Heights Post Office, processing philatelic mail for the new stamp issues. Under the direction of Moises de la Pena, Postal Clerk, the boys helped prepare 11,000 first-day covers for the new air mail stamp which was issued July 16th, and handled over 5,600 covers for the West Indian commemorative stamp which came out August 15th. He had expected to find postal work dull but was pleasantly surprised. "It's been nothing of the sort," he said the other day. "It's been something different every dayandnowl'vegotanew interest. ' In the Division of Storehouses, Patricia Neckar and Dorothy King, both graduates last June from Balboa High School, have had the stupendous job of typing some 60,000 cards and are credited by Storehouse officials with a "very fine job." Under a former Storehouse system, large sheets were typed out from time to time, listing all of the roughly 36,000 stock items carried at the General Storehouse. A new system, for which the two girls have been preparing, sets up "stockprotection" cards for each item, to be used whenever necessary for preparing a requisition from the United States. The cards will be utilized in place of the large sheets and can be used over and over again. Types Of Work Done Here, by Company-Government units, are what some of the other assistants have done: The Administrative Branch used its seven student assistants principally for screening old, out-of-service personnel files, eliminating non-essential papers. The Terminals Division employed two girls for typing, and four boys as messengers. The Electrical Division {See page 4)

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September 7, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW SIX MEMBERS of the Panama Canal Company Board of Directors who met in the Canal Zone last February are shown above in committee sessions. They are, left to right: T. Coleman Andrews, Edward D. McKim, Major General Julian L. Schley, Lieutenant General R. A. Wheeler, Governor Newcomer and W. R. Pfizer. Others who met with the special committee to consider problems of the Canal's reorganization, shown, are Arnold Bruckner (standing), Robert E. Maxwell and Lieutenant Governor Herbert D. Vogel, Vice President of the Panama Canal Company. The Board is scheduled to meet this month in Washington, D. C. Other members of the 13-man board are Frank Pace, Jr., Secretary of the Army, Major General Glen E. Edgerton, Karl R. Bendetsen, B. F. Burdick, John W. Martyn and Daniel E. Taylor. Atlantic Side Hospital Survey Under Way, Governor Tells Shirtsleeve Conference A survey of hospital facilities on the Atlantic side is now being made, Governor F. K. Newcomer told the "Shirt-Sleeve Conference" August 30 at Balboa Heights. The conference met in the enlarged and re-decorated Board Room on the third floor of the Administration Building. In answer to a question from Rufus Lovelady, President of A. F. G. E. Lodge No. 14, on rumors that Colon Hospital is to be closed and Margarita Hospital reactivated, Governor Newcomer said that a study is now in progress. Since the Atlantic side population center is shifting from Cristobal to Margarita, consideration is being given to the possibility of reopening the Margarita Hospital, he said. The survey which has been requested from the Engineering Division will provide a basis for a decision whether it would be better to spend money on Margarita or Colon Hospital. The Engineering Division, the Governor said, has been asked for an estimate as to the probable cost of putting the Margarita establishment back into shape where it would be a good hospital. The hospital question was one of two concerning medical facilities on the Canal Zone which were reported by the Governor. A few minutes earlier he had announced that the medical clinics (dispensaries) in Pedro Miguel, Ancon, and Balboa are to be closed, because of the current and acute lack of doctors to staff them adequately. To replace these dispensaries, Wards 1 and 2 of Section A at Gorgas Hospital will be set up as a central dispensary. This will enable centralization of the doctors from the three towns and, the Governor believes, will provide better patient service. The change will be made as soon as the proper facilities can be installed in the two hospital wards. First aid stations will be set up in Pedro Miguel and, possibly, Balboa. Another important announcement made during the conference concerned the rental of furniture. Effective September 1, the Governor said, rental charges on furniture will be adjusted and the arrangement made that those renting furniture will own the furniture they now rent, after the payment of eight months of the new rate. After next May there will be no more furniture rental except to new employees, who will continue to be furnished with basic furniture proportionate to their family needs but on a short-term basis. The rate adjustment has been made in view of the 2,300 separate furniture rental accounts which were being maintained under the old rental plan. Some of these were for amounts as low as 11 cents per month. Generally, under the new system, those paying furniture rental of between one cent and $1 will pay a $1 rental charge; those paying between $1 and $2, will pay $2, etc. Questions raised during the August conference covered subjects from musty flour to school bus rates. An unusual feature of the most recent informal discussions was that most matters were raised by Atlantic siders who, one man declared, considered themselves classed as "secondclass citizens." Governor Newcomer opened the conference with a breakdown, promised at the last meeting, of the retail cost on a storehouse item. Mimeographed sheets giving the breakdown were supplied to each conferee. When the Governor read a memorandum from the Schools Division that, unless higher bus rental rates are made by the Motor Transportation Division there will be no increase in school bus fares, Raymond Ralph of the Gatun Civic Council protested that the Gatun rates had just been increased. Further discussion disclosed that Gatun is using concession busses and when Mr. Ralph learned that the Pacific side children had transportation from the Motor Transportation Division, he asked why Gatun could not have the same thing. A telephone call by Lt. Gov. H. D. Vogel to the Supply and Service Bureau established that government busses can be provided if Gatun wishes to make a change. Other matters, including a number of personal problems, which were brought up included: a report that gasoline being sold in Gamboa comes from Navy supply and Directors To Consider 1953 Budget For Canal At September Meeting An examination of the Panama Canal Company's proposed budget for the coming fiscal year will be one of the principal items on the agenda of the September meeting of the Board of Directors. The meeting, originally scheduled to be held in the Canal Zone, will be held September 17 in Washington, D. C. It will be the first Board meeting since the Panama Canal Company came into being. Governor Newcomer, President of the Company, has announced that he will bring to the attention of the Board of Directors preliminary reports on a possible change in Panama Line schedules with a view to instituting more formal studies if deemed desirable. It was announced last month that preliminary studies have been initiated to determine the possible advantage of using a more southerly port than New York for the northern terminus of the line. The present studies have included an investigation of possible schedule changes which would permit ports of call for the three liners on their north and south runs. The problem is primarily an economic one and will require much additional study and data before any change is made in event the Board of Directors consider further studies worthwhile. The 1953 fiscal year budget figures to be presented at the September meeting are only in the preliminary stage and do not take into consideration any rate changes which may later be required. It is not expected that the Board will consider any material changes in any Company rate schedules until the financial results of operations for a period of several months can be examined. is of inferior octane rating, which was checked by Col. Vogel, with the report that the gasoline comes from Panama Canal tanks and is identical with that sold elsewhere on the Canal Zone; an appeal on behalf of retired employees by several civic council representatives to the effect that these retired employees be permitted to retain quarters; a question as to why employees' cars cannot be unloaded from incoming southbound ships on the day of arrival as is done in New York— the answer being that this is a question of loading and number of cars carried; compulsory insurance on automobiles, and the marked increase recently in flies on the Atlantic side. Those attending the meeting were the Governor and Col. Vogel, E. A. Doolan, Personnel Director, and Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Executive Assistant to the Governor, for the Administration; Carl W. Hoffmeyer, Mr. Tobin, Albert Saarinen, W. R. Howe, E. W. Hatchett and Walter Wagner for the Central Labor Union-Metal Trades; Vincent Biava of Gamboa, F. J. Moumblow of Gatun, Charles A. Garcia of Balboa, J. H. Jones of Pedro Miguel, Boris Creich of Cristobal-Margarita and Raymond F. Ralph of Gatun, for the Civic Councils; Chester A. Luhr for the Locks Employees; Ed Brown for the Marine Engineers; James Boukalis for the Machinists; Robert C. Daniel for the Railroad Conductors, and H. J. Chase and Mr. Lovelady for the A. F. G. E.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 Quarters Program for 1952 Provides for Over 500 Units Electrical Engineer To Retire This Month Approximately 500 quarters units are scheduled for construction during the current fiscal year, according to present plans. The total is divided about equally between the Atlantic and Pacific sides of the Canal Zone. This year's program, part of the long-range "$80,000,000 housing and townsite development plan, calls for the expenditure of about $11,000,000. It is expected that much of the construction work will be done by contract but exactly how much will depend on bids received. At the present time, plans call for the construction of the following: Silver City townsite extension; Paraiso townsite extension; quarters in Ancon, Balboa, Diablo Heights, Gatun and Margarita, Paraiso, and Silver City; together with clearing, grading and site preparation, including utilities, for next year's building at Summit, Cardenas, and Margarita. The first bids to be solicited will be for the Silver City townsite extension the latter part of September. Number Of Units Not Settled A final determination on the exact number of quarters to be built during the fiscal year has not been made, except in a few instances. At July's "Shirt-sleeve conference," Lieutenant Governor H. D. Many Student Assistants Employed During Vacation (Continued from page 2) assigned one girl to its Main Office where she typed, did routine filing, and answered the telephone; another girl to similar work in the t?lephone exchange; one boy to general helper's duties at the Cristobal Transformer station; another to the Gatun Hydroelectric station; and the third to the Balboa substation. The License Section used its boy and girl assistants on general office work "and they were a great help," they say. The Police Division put its girl assistant to work at headquarters, its boy at the Balboa station, both of them helping on the clerical end of police work. Help On 4,000 Files The Personnel Bureau used six student assistants to eliminate extraneous matter from more than 4,000 files, processing applications, tracing records, and readying for filing such material as job descriptions. The Meteorological Branch used Perry Young for taking weather observations, helping change seismograph sheets and even sent him on a three-day hydrographic observation trip to the headwaters of the Boqueron River. The Locks Division had five student assistants, the boys bringing up to date records of miscellaneous drawings and the girls typing. And there were others: Three in the Municipal Division; six in the Dredging Division; two in the Housing Division; a student typist in the Engineering Division; three in the Aids-to-Navigation Branch; two in the Commissary Division; eight — most of them were connected with the summer recreation program — in the Schools Division; and three with the Clubhouses. Vogel reported the following plans for U. S.-rate quarters: Margarita, 100 units; Ancon, 70 units; Diablo, 12; Balboa, 12. Final plans have been approved for 14 units in Balboa and 10 units are also scheduled for Gatun. Final plans for 118 local-rate quarters have been approved for the northern section of Paraiso and of 96 units at Silver City. The type of the houses to be built in Margarita has not been determined, but the buildings probably will be mostly of masonry construction. No decision has been made as to how many of the 100 will be cottages and how many will be duplexes, although if the previous construction pattern is followed, about 40 percent of the apartments will be cottages. Types To Be Determined In Ancon, again, the exact types are not definite. Final plans covering some promising new designs are being rushed to completion. Most of the new Ancon housing will be in the Ancon BoulevardChagres Street area where a large area was graded earlier this year. The new housing in Diablo will be constructed on Endicott Street, where an area is to be cleared behind the old messhall. These houses will be of masonry, on-the-ground construction, and will include both cottages and duplexes. The Balboa apartments will be built on Pyle Street and the adjacent lower end of Morgan Avenue, and will include both cottages and duplexes. They will be composite, off-the-ground construction, similar to the new houses in the San Juan Place area in Ancon. The 10 apartments at Gatun will probably be masonry, the type not yet definite. They will be built on the high ground along Jadwin Road where construction has been going on this year. A. C. Garlington, who came to the Canal Zone in 1910 and has served as Electrical Engineer for the past 24 years, will voluntarily retire from Canal service at the end of this month. He and Mrs. Garlington plan to leave the Isthmus early in October. Their plans are still indefinite but they expect to make their future home somewhere in the Carolinas. Retirements In August Employees who retired at the end of August, their birthplaces, titles and length of service at retirement, and their future addresses are: Leon Borden, Austria, Senior Machinist Foreman, Building Division; 25 years, five months, and 22 days; Florida. Edward E. Ellis, New Jersey, Clerk, Receiving and Forwarding Agency ; 30 years, five months, and 27 days; Cristobal. Patrick J. Henry, New Jersey, Chief Engineer, Towboats, Navigation Division; 22 years, five months, and 16 days; Brooklyn, N. Y. Herbert R. Judson, Massachusetts, Chief, Coupon Section, Audit Division; 32 years, nine months, and 17 days; Balboa Heights. Benjamin F. Kuller, Jr., Pennsylvania, Filtration Plant Operator, Mount Hope; 25 years, two months, and 12 days; Franklin, North Carolina. TOUR HEALTH An excessive number of visitors for hospital patients can do much to hinder their recovery according to one of Washington's leading medical men. The June issue of the Medical Annals of the District of Columbia carries the following article by the Association's outgoing President, Dr. William M. Ballinger. It is presented here for the thoughtful consideration of those who may have relatives or friends who are Canal Zone hospital patients. "Have you ever considered the problem of hospital visitors? From the patient's viewpoint it seems certain that the fewer the better. They disturb his rest, interrupt his carefully planned routine, interfere with his medications and often his feedings, and tire him to the point of hindering his recovery. "From the doctor's viewpoint, visitors are almost totally a menace. They bring in current acute infections; they frequently interfere with the attending doctor's daily check-up and bedside consultation; and all too frequently they are the cause of confusion of ideas and understanding not only of the patient himself but also between the patient and his physician. "From the hospital's viewpoint, visitors are most certainly a great burden and a nuisance. They take up a great deal of the nurses' time in answering endless questions. They crowd the elevators, spread confusion and litter throughout the wards, thus necessitating the hiring of extra help, which in turn increases the cost of maintenance. "Isn't it time we do something about all this? We should start immediately by educating our patients and the public that visitors have no place in the hospital sickroom. Coincident with this, hospitals should pass new rules drastically curbing visitors. One or two only of the patient's immediate family or intimate friends should be allowed visiting privileges, but no more than one or two."

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September 7, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW FOR YOUR Al INTEREST AND JLML. IDANCE -JUL PREVENTION Our organization with 3,000,481 manhours of exposure and 39 disabling injuries experienced a frequency rate of 13 for the month of July with a resultant 24 percent improvement over our best year. The Safety Branch is now located in Rooms 102 and 103 of the Civil Affairs Building, mailing address: Balboa Heights, telephone number 2-3726. We would like to take this means to extend our best wishes to a friend and former associate, Jack F. Paterson, who recently resigned his position as Safety Inspector, Locks Division, in order to continue his formal education at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. The following units of our organization will receive Honor Roll Certificates for completing their operational assignments without a disabling injury during the month of July: Locks Division, Clubhouse Division, Electrical Division, Motor Transportation Division, Division of Storehouses, and Division of Sanitation. These units are to be congratulated for this accomplishment inasmuch as the combined man-hours of exposure amounts to 603,122. Again we find that the INDUSTRIAL BUREAU is to receive the Bureau Honor Roll Award for the best record for July. This bureau, not taking any chances on receiving this recognition, completed the month with no disabling injuries, hence a frequency rate of ZERO. Congratulations. Honor Roll BUREAU AWARD FOR Best Record JULY INDUSTRIAL BUREAU AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR CIVIL AFFAIRS 3 ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION... 2 INDUSTRIAL 2 HEALTH 1 COMMUNITY SERVICES 1 MARINE SUPPLY AND SERVICE... RAILROAD AND TERMINALS DIVISION AWARD FOR No Disabling Injuries JULY LOCKS DIVISION CLUBHOUSE DIVISION ELECTRICAL DIVISION MOTOR TRANSPORTATION DIV. DIVISION OF STOREHOUSES DIVISION OF SANITATION AWARDS THIS CALENDAR YEAR ELECTRICAL. 4 MOTOR TRANSPORTATION 4 RAILROAD 3 DREDGING 3 MUNICIPAL 3 SANITATION 3 STOREHOUSES 3 GROUNDS MAINTENANCE 2 LOCKS 2 CLUBHOUSES 2 BUILDING.... 1 HOSPITALIZATION AND CLINICS 1 TERMINALS.. COMMISSARY NAVIGATION The Community Services Bureau in its varied operations includes nearly all classifications of labor. It has been noted however in reviewing the records that all injuries fall into certain common classes with closely allied causes. In the order of their incidence rate the major types of injury are: 1. Cuts or lacerations sustained in the use of sharp tools and power equipment. 2. Strains or sprains incurred while lifting. 3. Falls from ladders, moving equipment, uneven terrain, and slippery floor surfaces. 4. Cuts and punctures received from concealed objects. 5. Bruises received from objects falling or being bumped. 6. Foreign matter in eyes. 7. Burns sustained from hot engines, caustic materials and kitchen equipment. 8. Infections as the result of animal and insect bites. Safety rules vary with the requirements of individual jobs. It is not practicable in this article to list regulations pertaining to specific operations; however, since it is generally conceded that the majority of injuries result from causes within the control of the workers themselves, it is felt that the following basic rules for employee conduct will be of help to all: 1 Be alert at all times. Avoid recklessness. An inattentive man or one who habitually takes chances causes injury to himself or his fellow workman. Preview all new work for danger point to avoid, then proceed. 2. Practice good housekeeping. Keep all areas under your control in a clean and orderly condition. Place supplies securely on shelves to prevent injury from falling objects and locate equipment so as to allow safe passage at all times. Follow all instructions regarding the handling and storage of volatile or caustic materials. ^%r f JOHN WELLS HARE, Safety Engineer, Communnity Services Bureau 3. Have respect for tools and equipment as potential sources of danger. Report any defects to Supervisor. Use care while handling, transporting, and sharpening tools. Never adjust power equipment with motor running. 4. Obey Supervisor's instructions. When he issues orders for work to be performed in a particular manner there are reasons born of experience which are for safety of man and machine. 5. Dress in adequate clothing that offers protection but is not so loose that it might snag on obstructions or get caught in machinery. Utilize all safety protective devices prescribed for your job such as goggles, gloves, safety shoes, etc. 6. Report immediately to your foreman any injury received or observed regardless of its severity. A small injury may result in serious illness through neglect. 7. Report all unsafe conditions or practices to your supervisor for correction. JULY 1951 Industrial Bureau Supply and Service Bureau Community Services Bureau Marine Bureau Engineering and Construction Bureau C. Z. GovVPanama Canal Co. (This month) Civil Affairs Bureau C. Z. GovVPanama Canal Co. (1951 to Date) Health Bureau C. Z. Gov't-Panama Canal Co. (Best Year) Railroad and Terminals Bureau Disabling Injuries per 1,000,000 Man-Hours Worked (Frequency Rale) Number of Disabling Injuries. .39 Man-Hours Worked 3,000,481 LEGEND I I Amount Better Than Canal Zone Government— Panama Canal Company Best Year I Amount Worse Than Canal Zone Government — Panama Canal Company Best Year

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THE PANAMA'CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 White Schools Reopen After Summer Recess Hundreds of new faces— most of them are very young faces — are being seen around the Canal Zone schools these days. Most of them are the ex-kindergarteners who graduated from fingerpainting and rhythm bands to the more adult world of reading and writing and arithmetic. The Canal Zone's white schools opened last Wednesday. The total enrollment has not yet been compiled but school officials expect it to be close to last year's figure, approximately 4,900. This figure covers the 14 elementary, junior and senior high schools on the Canal Zone. Other than the increased tuition charges announced several months ago and increases in pay, effective today, for substitute and night school teachers, comparatively few changes have been made in the schools this year. A full school schedule, kindergarten through sixth grade, is being given at both the Fort Kobbe and Cocoli elementary schools. Children from Cocoli proper are attending the Cocoli school; all other West Bank children are enrolled at the Fort Kobbe school. The latter was opened as a school for the first time last year. At first only grades one and two were taught but last April additional grades were transferred to the Kobbe building. Ancon elementary school, which had only five grades last year, will have six grades again this year. In addition to the new faces among the student population, there are new faces in the 162 man and woman teaching staff; some familiar faces are missing temporarily this year and others will be found in new jobs or new locations. Twenty-five new teachers for the secondary schools and 13 elementary school teachers have joined the schools' faculty as replacements. Six teachers are on a year's leave: Miss Claude Aycock and Miss Katharine Clark of Balboa High School, Miss Mary Worrell of Cristobal High School, Miss Lois Morgan of Balboa Junior High School, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Rowley of the Gatun Elementary School, and Mrs. Alma Castel of the Margarita School. Back from extended leaves are Calmar Batalden, Director of Vocational Education, and Kenneth Vinton, science instructor at the Canal Zone Junior CollegeNeil Branstetter, who taught music at Balboa High School for many years, has been made supervisor of music for the white schools. Harold J. Zierten, formerly mechanical drawing teacher at Balboa High School, is the high school's new counselor. Kenneth Krogh, shop teacher at Balboa High School, has been named head of the La Boca Occupational High School shops. Other transfers are: Mrs. Dorothy Smith and James Stearns, from Cristobal Junior High School to the Cristobal High School faculty; Miss Grace Rider and Victor Herr, from the Balboa Junior High School to the faculty of Balboa High School, and Miss Borghild Hermo from the teaching staff of the Balboa Elementary School to that of the Balboa Junior High School. WEST INDIANS who helped to build the Panama Canal were honored August 15 when a special commemorative stamp was issued. Here Governor Newcomer talks with a group of the oldtimers at a ceremony at the Mount Hope Ball Park. THIS MONTH'S CALENDAR 7th— AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 6, Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m. V. F. W., Post No. 3857, New Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. 9th— STEAMFITTERS, No. 652, Balboa Lodge Hall, 9:30 a. m. PLUMBERS, No. 606, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 9:30 a. m. 10th— CRISTOBALMA RGA RITA CIVIC COUNCIL. Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. PEDRO MIGUEL CIVIC COUNCIL, Union Church, 7 p. m. BLACKSMITHS No. 400, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. V. F. W. Post No. 727, Fort Clavton, 7:30 p. m. MACHINISTS, No. 699, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m. V. F. W. Post No. 3822, Curundu Road, 7:30 p. m. AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 1, Balboa Hall, 7:30 p. m. 11th— AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY, Unit No. 1, Balboa Hall, 7:30 p. m. V. F. W. Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. PAINTERS, No. 1232, House 0838, Balboa, 7 p. in. ELECTRICAL WORKERS, No. 397, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7:30 p. m. AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 7, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m. 12th PACIFIC CIVIC COUNCIL, Jewish Welfare Board, 7:30 p. m. AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 2, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. 16th— CENTRAL LABOR UNIONMETAL TRADES COUNCIL, Margarita Clubhouse, 8:30 a. in. 17th— ELECTRICAL WORKERS No. 677, Gatun Masonic Temple, 7:30 p. m. 18th— OPERATING ENGINEERS No. 595, Margarita K. of C. Hall, 7 p. m. 19th -V. F. W., Post No. 40, Balboa K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. in. A. F. G. E., Lodge No. 14, Balboa Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY, Unit No. 3, Gatun Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m. TEACHERS, No. 227, Balboa High School Library, 7 p. m. 20th— AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY, Unit No. 6, Gamboa Legion Hall, 7:30 p. m. 21st— V. F. W. Post No. 3857, New Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. 24th— V. F. W. AUXILIARY, Post 3822 Post Home, 7:30 p. m. Panama Line Sailings For September From Cristobal Ancon September 7 Panama September 14 Cristobal September 21 Ancon September 28 From New York Panama September 5 Cristobal September 12 Ancon September 19 Panama September 26 25th— OPERATING ENGINEERS, No. 595, Balboa Lodge Hall, 7 p. m. AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 7, Fort Clayton, 7:30 p. m. V. F. W. Post No. 100, Old Boy Scout Building, Cristobal, 7:30 p. m. 26th— AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY, Unit No. 2, Cristobal Legion Home, 7:30 p. m. A. F. G. E., Lodge No. 88, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. 27th— GOVERNOR-EM PLOYEE CONFERENCE, Board Room, Administration Building, 2 p. m. OCTOBER 1 st— C R I S T O B A L M A R G A R IT A CIVIC COUNCIL, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. m. PEDRO MIGUEL CIVIC COUNCIL, Union Church, 7 p. m. V. F. W. Post No. 727, Fort Clavton, 7:30 p. m. V. F. W. Post No. 3822, Curundu Road, 7:30 p. m. AMERICAN LEGION, Post No. 3, Gatun, 7:30 p. m. POSTAL EMPLOYEES, No. 23160, Balboa Lodge Hall, 8 p. m. 2d— GAMBOA CIVIC COUNCIL, Community Center, 7:30 p. in. GATUN CIVIC COUNCIL, Gatun Clubhouse, 7:30 p. in. 3d— V. F. W. Post No. 40, Balboa K. of C. Hall, 7:30 p. m. 4th— CARPENTERS No. 667, Margarita Clubhouse, 7:30 p. in.

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September 7, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW Official Panama Canal Company Publication Published Monthly at BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE Printed by the Panama Canal Press Mount Hope, Canal Zone F. K. NEWCOMER Governor HERBERT D. VOGEL Lieutenant Governor E. C. LOMBARD Executive Secretary J. RUFUS HARDY Editor LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters containing inquiries, suggestions, criticisms or opinions of a general nature will be accepted. In all cases possible, letters to THE Review will be answered individually. Those of sufficient general interest will be published in this paper. Letters must be authentic and be signed although signatures wilf not be published unless requested and names of authors will be kept confidential. Return address should be given but The Review will not undertake to return correspondence of any nature. SUBSCRIPTIONS Yearly subscriptions to The Panama Canal Review to any address in the Postal Union: $1.00 Postal money orders should be made payable to the Treasurer, Panama Canal Company, and mailed to the Editor, The Panama Canal Review, Balboa Heights, C. Z. SINGLE COPIES The Panama Canal Review is on sale at all Panama Canal Company Clubhouses, Commissaries, and Hotels for ten days after publication date for: 5 Cents a Copy Single copies after the close of general sales and individual copies by mail : 10 Cents Each Back copies of The Review, when available, may be bought from the Vault Clerk, Third Floor, Administration Building, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone. No copies of the first issue are available for sale. SPECIAL BINDERS for the PANAMA CANAL REVIEW are available at the larger Commissaries and Clubhouses for 50 cts. EACH Specially made binders of genuine leather may be ordered direct from the Panama Canal Press for $7.00 each, and imitation leather binders may be ordered direct from the Press for $2.50. Both of the special kinds of binders come with your name imprinted in gold leaf. OF CURRENT INTEREST BALBOA LOST last month one of Ha oldest and best known landmarks. The old Balboa Police Station which had stood at the head of the Prado— since 1914 — was sold on high bid and was demolished during the past month. It was originally built in Empire in 1906 and was moved to Balboa in 1914 when it became the Balboa Central Police Station. The police moved out of the building in 1936 when the station was transferred to its present quarters on La Boca Road. Since then the old station has been used variously by the License Bureau, the Silver Personnel Bureau, the Girl Scouts for storage, and the Schools Division. Since 1938 the upper floor has been used as a girls' dormitory for the Canal Zone Junior College. STOVE CLEANING FREE The present charge of $2 for the cleaning of electric ranges when quarters are vacated will no longer be made. Approval of the recommendation to drop this charge was given recently by Governor Newcomer. The monthly charges made for the use of electric ranges includes ordinary maintenance and replacement of parts. The cost of cleaning ranges after quarters are vacated will now be absorbed in the regular maintenance charges. Julian L. Schley; General Robert E. Wood, former Chief Quartermaster of the Canal and later President of Sears, Roebuck and Co.; and Chan Gurney, former United Slates Senator from South Dakota. NEW PHONE DIRECTORY Listings for the 1952 edition of the Panama Canal Company's telephone directory may still be made if received within the next few days, according to an announcement at the Electrical Division offices. While August 30th was originally set as the deadline for new or revised listings in the telephone directory, the additional time has been given to permit last-minute changes. The directory is scheduled to go to press late this year. Listings should be submitted in duplicate to the Chief of the Communications Branch, Balboa Heights. A charge of $1.50 is made for each original listing and 75 cents for each crosslisting. Phone books are given free to subscribers with each original listing. PUBLIC SAFETY PROGRAM Matters pertaining to public safety in the Canal Zone and particularly those related to a major disaster of any nature will be handled during this fiscal year by the Safety Branch. Edward M. Altman, Position Classifier in the Personnel Division, has been transferred to the Safety Branch as a result of the additional work. He will assume his new duties next Monday. He has been employed by the Canal for the past ten years, most of the time in personnel work. He is a member of the Canal Zone Bar and has served on several occasions as Acting Magistrate. The public safety program is designed to provide a coordinated program in the Canal Zone in event of any major disaster. GOETHALS MEMORIAL COMMISSION Three new members, including Governor Newcomer, have been appointed by President Truman to the Goethals Memorial Commission. Both of the others, Ralph Budd and R. H. Whitehead, are well known United States industrialists and were prominent on the Isthmus during the Canal construction period. The Goethals Memorial Commission was first appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt after a bill authorizing a suitable memorial to the famous Canal builder was passed by Congress in 1935. Some funds from the original appropriation for the memorial are still available but additional money is being sought to complete the project. Other members of the Commission now are: Former Panama Canal Governor DOCTOR NAMED TO WHO Dr. Amadeo V. Mastellari, Chief of the Tuberculosis Section of Gorgas Hospital and Advisor to the Health Director on Tuberculosis, has been named to the Expert Committee of the Tuberculosis Section of the World Health Organization of United Nations. There are seven members of the Committee chosen from a panel of about 50 tuberculosis experts from all parts of the world. The committee directs the work done in the field of tuberculosis by the international organization. Dr. Mastellari has been Chief of the Tuberculosis Section at Gorgas since April 1950 and through special arrangements with the Canal Health Bureau now serves as advisor for the tubercuslosis vaccinal ion program in the Republic of Panama. He has served as Director of the Panama Health Department, Director of the Tuberculosis Division of the Panama Health Department, Chief of the Chest Division of Santo Tomas Hospital, and consultant in the Panama Health Office.

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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 Arranging Ships 9 Transits, Dockages, Keeps Panama Canal Dispatchers Busy There were 12 northbound and 13 southbound ships in the Canal. The blackboard at one end of the Balboa dispatchers' office was white with writing. The little markers which represent ships were spaced at intervals of a foot or less along the miniature Canal on the wallsized, magnetic board. "We couldn't fit another ship in with a shoehorn, if we tried," Balboa Chief Dispatcher R. L. Dickerson said. One of the northbound vessels was an oreship, carrying some 25,000 tons of iron ore from Chile to the U. S. East Coast. It had to go first in order to clear Gaillard Cut before any southbound ships arrived. There was one late arrival which had to be worked in so that no ships would meet in the Cut after dark. At almost the last minute, Cristobal reported by telephone that it was starting its 13th ship. Fitting ships into a schedule for transit of the Panama Canal is a major part of the work of the 14 marine dispatchers. The dispatcher has been called the representative of the Panama Canal in t most matters which relate to its primary mission, serving shipping. That is one way of describing one of the Canal Zone's most interesting jobs and one which, dispatcher Leonard Wolford explained, "can be learned only by osmosis." Radio Arrival Time An inbound ship is required to radio her expected arrival time to the Marine Dispatcher. Canal regulations state that ships due in Balboa must radio when they are 48 and 24 hours out and when they pass Cape Mala. Ships arriving in Cristobal are expected to send a radio when they are no less than 24 hours from port. It will be a happy day when every ship does what is expected, one dispatcher commented. These radio messages are official government communications and are carried free, via either Navy or commercial wavelengths. Radioed messages to a ship's agents come at commercial rates. These latter may request oil, water, supplies, or dockage to handle cargo, and are relayed to the dispatcher by the agents. Each afternoon the dispatchers at either end of the Canal begin making out a tentative schedule for the following day's transits or dockages. In the evening the two dispatchers on duty exchange by telephone their lists of the next day's business. Next morning the dispatchers confer again and later in the morning Mr. Dickerson decides with Thorwald H. Forsstrom, Cristobal Chief Dispatcher, how many ships each side will handle. If there is an unusually large number of ships, which means the locks may have to work overtime, the question is referred to Capt. Robert M. Peacher, Marine Director, who decides how much overtime will be authorized. Usually Transit In Order Ordinarily, ships transit in order of their arrival. There are certain exceptions to this rule. Loaded oreships, vessels carrying hazardous cargo —their tiny replicas on the Canal miniature are bright red — and unusually large vessels must be scheduled so that they will not meet other ships in the Cut. A tanker with one type cargo must have daylight all the way, Cut, locks, and all. A tanker with another type cargo requires daylight through the Cut. Tankers with a third type cargo require only a clear Cut. Preference in transit is given to passenger ships, on regular runs, with accommodations for 51 or more passengers, and to government vessels which request such handling. Such ships need not be started first but may pass earlier starters during transit. A dispatcher's job, according to Stanley F. Yost, one of Balboa's senior dispatchers, is a little like planning a newspaper's front page. Something unexpected CANAL DISPATCHERS have worse cases of telephonitis than Hollywood movie moguls, with better reason. Into their offices feed 21 telephone, two radio and two teletype circuits. Here Cristobal Chief Dispatcher Thorwald H. Forsstrom answers a telephone call while assistant M. A. French, gives radio instructions to a boarding party. happens and the whole layout has to be revised. Capt. Marvin J. West, Balboa Port Captain, put it this way: "A dozen things can happen to throw off the schedule. A ship master can underestimate or overestimate arrival time. Cargo handling at the docks may go more slowly than was expected because of a heavy rain and the ship, which was to undock and transit on an early schedule, may be delayed several hours." Pilots Given Schedule After the last arrival-time radio, the dispatcher, knowing approximately how many ships are due and figuring on how many can be handled, notifies the pilots needed, arranges for the crews of seamen who handle ships' lines during transit and prepares port clearances — after tolls have been collected. As the ships arrive in the Bay, he assigns boarding parties to them. He keeps in touch with the boarding party by one of the two voice radio circuits which come into his office. On this same circuit, he can also talk to all transiting ships. The other circuit provides for ship-to-shore operations. In addition to his two radio circuits, the dispatcher handles two teletypes and 21 telephone circuits. There are direct lines to all locks, signal stations, and other Canal units concerned with handling or supplying ships. So far, it may sound routine, but a dispatcher's typical day can provide more activity than Barnum and Bailey. For instance, in a few hours the other day: Every Day Is Busy A pilot radioed that the ship he was aboard had mail which had not been taken off in Balboa; would the dispatcher arrange for its removal in Cristobal? The Pacific Locks reported difficulty with a lock chain, which momentarily .was slowing down handling of vessels there. The situation was reported by telephone a few minutes later as having been corrected. The Balboa boarding party radioed in a query as to the transit schedule for a vessel they were about to board. The Cristobal dispatcher telephoned on his direct line to request that a doctor be put aboard a southbound ship to inoculate some of the crew. Flamenco Island reported a goodsized ship in sight 30 minutes out. The dispatcher told the boarding party to stand by. The Cristobal dispatcher telephoned that his office would send two more ships and that Balboa's No. 11 northbound would clear Cristobal about midnight. Balboa's dispatcher began notifying 12 of his pilots that they would have to work again the following day. Some of this was done by radio to transiting ships. Many Telephone Calls While all of this was going on— it was interruped by frequent telephone calls from a woman who did not understand why she could not board a ship at Pedro Miguel to greet a transiting friend— reports on ship movements were coming in to the dispatchers' office. Each gave the

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September 7, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW information needed to locate on the Canal diagram the numbered models which represent every ship. A glance at this board enabled the busy dispatcher to tell Southbound 5 to follow Southbound 4 down the west side of Pedro Miguel locks, or to order the proceed signal at La Pita signal station for a northbound vessel. The Marine Dispatchers are part of the force of the two Port Captains' offices. The Port Captains are Navy officers, on a two-year detail to the Canal. Senior of the two and, as such, Chief of the Navigation Division, is Capt. West at Balboa. Captain William S. Parsons of Cristobal arrived here last month. Theoretically the Balboa office controls transit traffic from Gamboa south. In actual practice the Balboa dispatchers handle all ships south of Gatun. Before leaving Gatun locks the pilot of a southbound ship learns from the Balboa dispatcher what time he is to pass Gamboa. Balboa handles most of the transit traffic, but Cristobal has more harbor work. Each side has an Assistant Port Captain, always a man with many years experience as a Canal pilot. Captain Everett 0. Swinson is Balboa's AssistantPort Captain; Captain Samuel L. Brown holds a similar post on the Atlantic Side. They are relieved by a senior pilot during vacation or other absences. Over 35 Years Of Service Balboa's Chief Dispatcher, Mr. Dickerson, has more than 35 years of government service. Cristobal Chief Dispatcher Forsstrom came to work for the Canal in 1916 and was made a dispatcher the following year. His assistant chief dispatcher is Merwin A. French, with J. T. Oliver in a similar post on the Pacific Side. Each office has seven dispatchers and Balboa has, in addition, one man in training. They work eight-hour shifts around the clock. The Chief Dispatcher is on duty ordinarily from 7 a. m. to 3 p. m. For Balboa, a new position has just been authorized which will put one additional man on duty from 2 p. m. to 10 p. m. at the time when most ships are in the Cut and traffic is at its peak. Balboa's dispatchers are: Mr. Yost, D. T. McNeil, J. H. Hunt, Mr. Wolford, and L. D. Bowman, with Preston Trim, Jr., in training. They are assisted by the following local rate dispatchers' clerks: E. C. Sterling, A. G. Smith, G. A. Lateau, E. H. Sealey, R. A. Padmore, E. E. Taylor and E. U. Petit. Cristobal's dispatchers are: Hermanns Kleefkens, Nelson R. Clark, Rufus C. O'Neal, Oscar 0. Brown, Jr., and William E. Weigle, Jr. Their dispatchers' cleiks are: A. R. Morrison, Dan Savage, Huntley F. Mignott, Wilfred E. Lindo and Lincoln B. Boyce. A dispatchers' duties have been called unforeseeable. The dispatchers agree but they add, "They're never dull." Editor's Note: This is the first of a series of stories concerning the men whose business it is to put ships through the Panama Canal. The next will deal with the boarding parties. The Panama Canal measures 40.27 statute miles from shoreline to shoreline but it is 50.72 statue miles from deep water to deep water. The airline distance from the Atlantic to Pacific terminals is 43.05 miles and the transit of a ship through the Canal ordinarily requires about eight hours. LIFTING SHIPS is just part of the day's work for E. C. Sterling, senior of the dispatcher clerks at the Balboa Part Captain's office. 'with his service with the Marine Divisions (now Bureau) dating back to 1916. When telephone calls report that a ship has passed a certain point in the Canal, he lifts |its [replica and [moves it farther along on the [miniature Canal. Born in Jamaica he came to the Canal Zone June 17, 1909. FORTY YEARS AGO In July August Culebra, now Gaillard, Cut was giving Canal Builders trouble 40 years ago. A fall of soft earth and rock covered steamshovcl 225 so that only the end of its boom was visible. Mud slid from the east side at Las Cascadas, blocking all tracks. The new breaks in the Cut's banks called for a revision of excavation figures. With 65,514,865 cubic yards excavated, 23,929,140 was still to be done. One man was killed, five hurt when a locomotive, drawing a coal-loaded flat car, ran onto a piece of track undermined by a slide on the Cut's west incline. The locomotive and car were thrown 40 feet into the cut. A premature explosion of dynamite at the Ancon quarry killed four, seriously injured two. Elsewhere construction moved along. About 59 percent of the concrete for all locks was in place; concrete work on the Gatun spillway was over 65 percent completed. The McClintic-Marshall Company was given the award for 22 spillway gates at Gatun and Mirafloies, along with two steel caissons and 22 pier-connecting bridges, as well as a contract for rising stem valves, guard gate valves, bulkhead gates and lock screens. Construction expenditures to July 1 totaled $4,399,772. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson arrived July 13 for a 10-day visit. He walked the length of the Cut in two installments and inspected work of the Atlantic and Pacific divisions. His party included Brig. Gen. Clarence Edwards, Chief of the Bureau of Insular Affairs. The Canal Fortifications Board, headed by Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, were also July visitors. The graves of 31 men, women, and children who had been buried during the previous 50 years on Flamenco (Dead Man's) Island, were transferred to the Ancon cemetery, now Ridge Road. Most had died aboard ships. Many were yellow fever victims. After 65 stowaways who had arrived early in July were given Canal jobs, others tried it. A search of one ship in Trinidad uncovered 65 men hiding; two more were found at Savanilla, another at Cartagena. All were put ashore and, as a warning to others, crewmen painted the heads and faces of some of the stowaways with red lead. Hotel business boomed. The Tivoli was getting a new wing and plans were approved for a "new hotel building of the Spanish colonial style— to be situated on Colon Beach." In preparation for the latter, the present Hotel Washington, the old hotel at this site was placed on rollers and moved behind Christ Church. And: The Isthmian Canal Commission was trying out a cement gun to prevent disintegration of rock in the Cut; plans were completed for a new University Club Building near Las Bovedas in Panama City; 4,200 free lunches were served at Cristobal's July 4 celebration; the Canal force totalled 32,690, a drop of almost 3,000 from the year before; a shipment of 29,363 cases of dynamite, the largest cargo ever brought to the Isthmus on one ship, was discharged in Cristobal; and bullfights, dog fights, and cockfights were outlawed.

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10 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 Zone Youths Register For Selective Service Canal Zone men — United States citizens between the ages, of IS and 26 — who registered yesterday at Local Boards No. 1 and 2 will soon receive printed classification questionnaires from the Board with which they registered. This form, known as No. 100, will request considerable additional information from each registrant, Selective Service Director A. C. Medinger said. On the basis of the information given at registration and supplied in these forms, classifications of the registrants will be made. The classification is expected to take between one and two months. Registrars spent a busy day yesterday. The more than a dozen and a half registrars worked at Local Board No. 1 's office at the Balboa Railroad station and at Board No. 2 in the Administration Building at Cristobal. Pacific side registrars were headed by E. L. Payne; the Atlantic side group worked under the direction of Abe Howard. At press time for the Panama Canal Review, however, the exact number of registrants had not been compiled. Membership in the two local boards was increased recently to five for each board. The additional appointments provide for a minimum of at least three members and allow for vacation and other absences. Harold I. Perantie, of the Executive Secretary's office, is acting chairman of Local Board No. 1 during the absence on States vacation of Board Chairman F. H. Irwin. NEWS OF YOUR COMMISSARY STORES ABOUT COMMISSARY BUYING Although the principal energy of the Commissary Division is devoted to the sale of merchandise in the 19 retail stores operated, there is also a large force devoted entirely to the original purchase of the goods which eventually reach the retail counters. Goods From Many Sources Almost the entire world (outside the Iron Curtain) has a direct hand in caring for the Zonian's well-being. Although 82 percent of the value of purchases in fiscal year 1951 came from the United States, there was bought locally, including purchases from other Company units, $1,673,000; Central and South America furnished $835,000 worth; Europe and the Orient slightly over half-million dollars worth. By classes of products, these purchases consisted of the following amounts: Groceries $5,592,614 Refrigerated Foods 3,503,031 Drygoods ....... 2,752,817 Housewares 1,653,094 Shoes 884,299 Candy and Tobacco .... 826,875 Gasoline and Oil 777,473 *Raw Materials 1,186,073 $17,176,277 *Supplies used in manufacturing other items, and operating materials. The Company's purchasing office at 24 State St., New York City, headed by the Division's former General Manager, V. J. Clarke, does all of the States buying aided by a small staff in San Francisco and a shipping representative in New Orleans. Most of the buying is done in accordance with specifications prepared on the Isthmus but there are many items which need on-the-spot judgment and the New York office staff has the necessary trained specialists, particularly for fresh produce, drygoods lines, and shoes. Other Offices Active With only a few exceptions, merchandise purchased in the United Kingdom, Europe, India, and Japan (the only Oriental source of supply currently used) is handled by a single worldwide purchasing organization, under a contractual arrangement whereby they will not act as a selling agency but will, instead, restrict their activities to purchasing. This organization's various offices in London, Paris, Brussels, Zurich, Madrid, Florence, Lisbon, Bombay, and Stockholm are fully informed as to the types of merchandise we regularly require from the various areas and are very active in keeping us supplied with latest information as to market prices and availability of goods. As an example, nearly every week sees a new batch of suiting swatches or sketches of the latest styles of camelhair coats arrive from London. The few thousand families we are privileged to serve obviously could not afford more than a relatively small fraction of all the goods offered, but the data is freshly at hand when we need to place re-orders for future delivery to replenish sold-out stocks. These offices are also alert to tell us about new and different items which they believe you might like to have, often basing their thinking on purchases made by visiting buyers from large States department stores, many of whom use, throughout the year, the same buying organization which serves us. Local Purchases Are Handled Locally All purchases from Central and South America (including the West Indies) are handled by the Division's main office at Mount Hope, often direct with the producer, at other times with sales representatives located on the Isthmus. Many large concerns maintain staffs here and, in other instances, where a source of supply has to be sought out, as in the case of rice and other agricultural products, a local agent with contacts in the country of production and freedom to travel at his own will, can often put us in touch with resources with which we could not otherwise expect to become acquainted. Most of the large scale local purchases, including those from nearby countries, are made from competitive offerings, bids being submitted as the result of local newspaper advertising plus direct solicitation of all known producers and selling agencies of the desired goods. Consumer's Demand is Guide The Commissary Division's entire buying effort is directed to but a single end: that there shall be available for sale to its patrons, when the patron wants them, all of the things that are considered necessary and convenient to the American way of living, and which will fit into the limits of its customers' varying incomes and expenditure budgets. This is obviously an impossible aim; however, based on historical patterns of sales behavior, broken into long-run trends, cyclical fluctuations, and seasonal variations, we feel that we generally hit pretty close to the mark for the great majority of our trade, especially with staple goods. For other than staples, such as currently styled wearing apparel, novelties, fancy foods, household appliances and gadgetries, the problem of knowing what you are going to feel like spending your money on — not tomorrow or next month, but about two months from now— is much more difficult. We do, however, have a considerable number of ways of knowing fairly exactly what you will want. Most obvious, of course, are your comments to salesclerks and supervisory personnel, and the notes you drop into the suggestion boxes located in each retail store. The verbal suggestions are passed on by key salesclerks when they attend their regular monthly conference in the warehouses at Mount Hope, and by the managers who have a separate meeting in the main office once a month, along with heads of the wholesale sections. Likewise, we who do the buying and recommending of purchases are also customers and our aggregate personal likes and dislikes will probably match up with the preferences of a large segment of our trade. We know from trade journals to which we subscribe what items will be featured in nationally distributed magazines and our regular sources of supply keep us informed of new developments in their lines. In addition to the other means of knowing what is available (or, more appropriately at present, the items that are in short supply or discontinued) our drygoods, housewares and shoe managers make regularly scheduled official trips to the States, to visit manufacturers' showrooms, select new merchandise, contact new sources of supply and inspect other modern retail stores for ideas that can be applied to our own operations. Next month we will tell you exactly how we go about buying toys. This should be an interesting and timely article for most, inasmuch as our Annual Toy Preview will be held on October 19, with our usual giant-size centralized Toy Sales commencing on the following day. This space is devoted exclusively to news of the Retail Stores prepared by the Commissary Division

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September 7, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11 Canal Zone Workers Are Highly Lauded For Response In Antiaircraft Training "The success of the Antiaircraft Civilian Auxiliary Program may be attributed entirely to the outstanding cooperation and assistance of the people of the Canal Zone, the Canal Zone Government, and the Panama Canal Company," Col. Sanford Goodman, Commanding Officer of the 65th AAA Group, told The Panama Canal Review. The results of the local training program, which ended August 25 with automatic weapon firing at a towed sleeve target and a radio-controlled target plane, will determine whether a similar program of training volunteers to man antiaircraft defenses will be undertaken in the United States. "Speaking for the men and officers of the 65th AAA Group," Col. Goodman continued, "may I take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation for the fine work of each and every volunteer. "The enthusiasm, willingness to learn, and ready acceptance of the many responsibilities delegated reflect great credit not only on each individual but on the Canal Zone as a whole." The following 140 employees of the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government, or members of the families of Company-Government employees have served as volunteers in the test of civilian adaptability to an antiaircraft program: a. AAOC Group (1) Wire-Radio Communications Section Kenneth R. A. Booth, Lawrence C. Callaway, Robert A. Engelke, Everett L. Farlow, William D. Hardie, Doris R. Kintigh, Betty Lu Malone, Gladys E. Napoleon, Hans P. Pedersen, Florence M. Pierson, Edward Scott, Helen D. Walker, Melvin E. Walker, and Ella E. Wertz. (2) Plotting Section Martha M. Carriker, Doris C. Y. Chan, Garland F. Dowling, Patricia E. Kenealy, Beatrice E. Lee, Elizabeth W. McNevin, Eleanor D. Miller, Helen N. Minor, Muriel C. Treadwell, and Josephine P. Withers. (3) Switchboard-Teletype-M 209 Converter Section Helen Beil, Virginia K. Christian, Rosalie A. Demers, Willie Marie Duvall, Patricia B. Gregory, and Mary D. Parker. b. Gun Group ( 1 ) Gun Section William B. Allen, Woodford M. Babbitt, Lee R. Beil, Mirt Bender, James P. Boukalis, Bernard J. Brown, Benjamin S. Chisholm, John J. Crawford, Robert D. Daniels, John T. Dillon, John J. Dudak, Arthur J. Farrell, Clarence L. Foiles, Kerner E. Frauenheim, Fletcher R. Gregory, John W. Hare, John F. Hern, Charles F. Hinz, Charles J. Hinz, Clarence D. Howell, Charles W. Hummer, Charles T. Jackson, Jr., John J. Kennedy, Patrick Kennedy, De Wight M". Kers'h, Fred H. Lee, Frank D. Naughton, Gerald 0. Parker, James W. Riggs, William J. Rose, George H. Sanford, Earl E. Trout, Randolph N. Trower, Stuart Wallace, Howard E. Walling, William G. Wood, George C. Wright, and James M. Zelsman. (2) Range Section Helen E. Chisholm, Dorothy E. Cole, and Loretta M. Pace. (3) Radar Section Kathryn C. Hummer, Rose Hunt, Louise L. Jones, Beulah A. Sanford, Georgianna Stephenson, Ruth L. Straus, and Margaret F. Wiggin. (4) Communications Section Margaret E. Brandl and Antoinette Huff. c. Automatic Weapons Group (1) 40 MM Section Walter J. Allen, Robert L. Anderson, Thomas J. Breheney, John A. Everson, w ... .. A CIVILIAN antiaircraft gun crew waits tensely for their shell to meet the target in the clouds over a defense position. Seated in the center is Gayle 0. Kellar, Chief of the Panama Canal Safety Branch, lookout and lateral gun pointer for the volunteer crew. Standing above him is Louis M. Pacs, a Navy civilian employee. Passing the ammunition, and with his back to the camera, is John E. Ridge of the Municipal Division. His brother, Robert, an employee of the Oil Handling Plant, is behind Mr. Pace. Guy R. Exon, Roy E. Graham, Arthur J. Hanson, Murray D. Hawk, Russell E. Hellmund, Douglas S. Johnston, Gayl Kellar, Walter R. Lindsay, David H. Long, John J. McConaghy, Henry McElhone, William D. McGowin, James W. Myers, Jasper L. Myers, Antonio Orsini, Richard R. Peglar, Bronson B. Powell, John E. Ridge, Robert L. Ridge, Michael A. Romeo, Hugh B. Smith, Wesley H. Townsend, and John E. Winklosky. (2) .50 cal Multiple Machine Gun Section William E. Dobson, James R. Doran, Carl P. Hoffman, Sr., Pasquale P. Monaco, DeWitt E. Myers, Harry D. Raymond, William N. Taylor, James M. Thompson, William F. Young, Joseph L. Hummer, Norman C. Anderson, William L. Benny, Roy F. Burr, Robert A. Duvall, William T. Harness, Henry H. Lee, Jr. Ellis J. Lowe, Robert Lowry, John A. Morales, Gordon E. Walbridge, Fred E. Wells, and Russell T. Wise. (3) Communications Section Natalie C. Adams, Margaret L. Csighy, Constance G. Engelke, Alberta P. Lattimore, Mildred A. McMahon, Dorothea F. McNall, Elsie D. Naughton, Gertrude M. Roberto, Lorraine B. Schriftgiesser, and Margaret A. Spreadbury. Hearing Aid's Return Brings German Thanks E. T. Suse, of Hamburg, Germany, thinks the United States is pretty fine — all because of a hearing aid. Late in 1941 his Sonotone auditory apparatus was turned over to E. R. Carr, then Acting Chief of Customs at Balboa, for safekeeping. The exact circumstances have faded with the years but it is believed that Mr. Suse had been picked up with a group of other Germans and held here in immigration. He was sent from the Isthmus before the hearing aid could be returned to him. Several months ago he wrote and asked for it. At first it could not be found but later it was located, damaged by long storage in the tropics, and in June it was started to its owner. Recently he wrote acknowledging its receipt and concluded his letter: "The reason for writing you is caused by my surprise that an insignificant gadget could still be produced and returned to me after almost exactly 10 years. I think that is something unique in today's world and only possible in a country like the United States of America where the rights of the individual are not being stepped upon. "Please accept my most sincere and deep gratitude and the assurance that 1 should be very glad if I can ever offer to an American citizen a similar service and proof of integrity." The Atlantic entrance of the Panama Canal is 33.52 statute miles north of and 27.02 miles west of the Pacific entrance.

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12 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 TEN YEARS AGO In July August War was casting its dark shadow fat (her over the Canal Zone ten years ago. Canal ports were closed from dark to dawn. After scores of fishermen were apprehended in the mine fields off Balboa and Cristobal, military authorities released for publication diagrams of the restricted areas. Woodrow Spier of Pedro Miguel became the first Zonian to be drafted. He was sworn into the service at Camp Paraiso. Defense bonds were soon to go on sale. Hunting licenses were revoked for the duration. Governor Glen E. Edgerton instructed heads of departments and divisions to conserve their use of magnesium, aluminum, tungsten, nickel, and zinc. The Commissary Division replaced metal caps for milk bottles with paper caps. Householders donated their old pots and pans to a scrap drive. Six Japanese ships which had waited for more than a week in Limon Bay to transit the Canal cleared from Cristobal to continue their voyages via Cape Horn or the Cape of Good Hope. The Canal Zone was busting at the seams in 1941. A police census showed a civilian population of 1,2,846, an increase of 13,368 in two years. Preliminary plans were announced for a $4,000,000 quarters building program, with new houses for Ancon, Balboa, Margarita, Cocoli, and Gamboa, and a $700,00 addition to Colon Hospital. The Margarita Post Office opened and work was being rushed on the first unit of Margarita Hospital. The Ancon Laundry, handling 45,000 pieces daily, asked customer cooperation in careful listing and wrapping. On July 24th, as a local newspaper reported it, "A Colombian stepped on a Jamaican's toe and set off another international labor riot." Altogether in July six such disturbances were reported. The largest, at Gatun, involved 2,500 men. Segregation of the laborers by nationality was recommended and local magistrates pleaded with the rioters brought before them for tolerance in relations with their fellows. _____ Work continued on the. Third Locks. A 225-Um suction dredge, towed down from Kansas City, Mo., was hauled overland to an artificial lake near the new Gatun Lock*. The site of the new locks at Gatun was ordered shifted 850 feet nearer Gatun Lake, onto better rock foundation. Six million bands if cement, nearly the total amount used during Canal construction, were ordered for the new locks. The Dredging Division began work on the north approach channel to the new Mirafiores Locks. Col. R. A. Wheeler, Engineer of Maintenance, was suddenly ordered to Washington, after 14 months of local duty. He subsequently sarved in Burma and later headed the Army's Corps of Engineers. He is now a member of the Panama Canal Company's Board of Directors. Other notes of the period: The first iron lung arrived for Gorgas Hospital; A. C. Medinger succeeded Leonard Foote as Assistant Superintendent of the Dredging Division; Gayle 0. Kellar was named Safety Officer; the Panama Line chartered two freighters; and Congressman Dow Harter praised Canal defenses after a brief visit here. Anniversaries Employees who observed important anniversaries in the United States Government Service during the month of August are listed alphabetically below. The number of years include all Government service, with the Canal or other agencies. Those with continuous Canal or Railroad service are indicated by (*) asterisks. 30 Years Robert L. Jordan, Tovvboat Master, Navigation Division. Richardson Selee, Civil Affairs Director. Christian Simonsen, Mechanic, maintenance and construction equipment, Municipal Division. 25 Years *Earl R. Baltozer, Meatcutter-in-charge, Commissary Division. *S. L. Churchill, Sergeant, Fire Division. Alfred B. Fox, Gauger, Division of Storehouses. Francis X. Kerr, Supervising Structural Engineer, Engineering Division. *Walter Van Vliet, Electrician, Aids to Navigation Section. Charles Walsh, Senior Foreman, construction and maintenance, Building Division. Robert M. Wilford, Assistant Master of Transportation, Railroad Division. Christian W. Wirtz, Administrative Assistant, Commissary Division. 20 Years Kenneth W. Anderson, Clerk, Municipal Division. *S. N. Belanger, Master of Transportation, Railroad,jDivision. *Joshua A. Cunningham, Policeman, Police Division. *Waldron E. Eldridge, Nurse, Gorgas Hospital. Manuel Lichtenbaum, Pharmacist, Gorgas Hospital. John A. Morales, II, Payroll Clerk. Finance Bureau. Charles E. Stepp, Investigator, Contrahand Control Unit. John H. Terry, Records Position Clerk, Personnel Bureau. Frank F. Williams, Cash Accounting Clerk, Commissary Division. 15 Years Paul Badonsky, Materials Engineer, Locks I division. *Eleanor D. Burnham, Librarian, Civil Affairs Bureau. Eulus C. Clemons, Electrical Welder, Industrial Bureau. Nick M. Elich, Principal Foreman, Municipal Division. Alton J. Hay ward, Machinist, Industrial Bureau. Winters A. Hope, Engineering Draftsman, Dredging Division. Alberta P. Lattimore, Retirement Clerk, Personnel Bureau. F. J. Meisinger, Traffic Clerk, Terminals Division. Charles G. Rickards, Senior Towboat Master, Dredging Division. *Walter T. Schapow, Instrument Maker, Industrial Bureau. Chester C. Turck, Tunnel Operator, Locks Division. Annual Dance Planned By Zone Fire Fighters The Canal Zone Fire Fighters are planning a Ball, to be held at the Hotel El Panama, Friday evening, November 9. Balls sponsored by the Canal Zone Police Association have long been features of Isthmian life, but the November 9th dance will be the firemen's first venture along such elaborate lines. The firemen hope that this will be the first of a series of annual affairs. Fred Huddleston is in charge of arrangements for the Fire Fighter's Ball. Tickets will go on sale in the near future. Canal Chauffeur Does Pencil Sketches PENCIL SKETCHES of people and places are made by McDonald Allen, a chauffeur at the Motor Transportation Division in Ancon, during his odd moments. .The above picture shows Allen with a pencil sketch he did of Governor Newcomer from a recent photograph. He has never taken any art lessonc and the knack of sketching what he sees is called by Allen "just a pastime." He has never attempted other art work, such as watercolors and oils. Born in Panama City, Allen is the son of two old-timers who came to the Isthmus during the early Canal construction period from their home in Barbados. He attended schools in Panama City and has been employed in the Canal Zone for the past 14 years, of which ten has been spent as a chauffeur for the Motor Transportation Division. Now 34 years old, Allen is married and lives in La Boca with his wife and young daughter.

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September 7,1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13 Leo Cagley Is Appointed Engineering Branch Chief The appointment of Leo Cagley as Chief of the Civil Engineering Branch of the Engineering Division was announced recently. The appointment was effective August 27. Until Mr. Cagley's appointment the position of Chief of the Civil Engineering Branch had been occupied by Wells Wright, in a dual capacity as Assistant Designing Engineer and Acting Chief of the Chief Engineering Branch. Mr, Cagley came to work with the Panama Canal in August, 1941, soon after his graduation from Iowa State He served in the Navy from 1943 to 1946 and recently completed a year of graduate study at Harvard University. Community Chest Heads Start Work On '52 Drive Plans arc now being made for the 1951— 52 Community Chest drive which starts October 1. The coming campaign will again be conducted by the Civic Councils. F. J. Moumblow, chairman of the General Committee of Civic Councils, will serve as chairman of the drive and Mrs. Douglas Johnston has agreed to serve again this year as director. William Jump is expected to again head the group which will handle solicitation in the local-rate communities. Budgets for the 1951-52 Community Chest are now being prepared, Mr. COMING EVENTS AT YOUR CLUBHOUSE THEATERS "TAKE CARE OF MY LITTLE GIRL" 20th Century-Fos Starring JEANNE CRAIN We are especially proud to exhibit this film, which has won unstinted praise from al' who have seen it. It is a merry tale of campus life and of the trials and tribulations of the co-eds who are away from home for the first time. We feel that we are very timely in presenting it at Balboa Theater on September 8, to coincide with the opening of another school year. "STRICTLY DISHONORABLE" M-G-M Starring EZIO PINZA — JANET LEIGH Except for those lucky ones who have seen him in "South Pacific," we have all heard a lot about Ezio Pinza, the great singing star, but we have not yet seen him. Now, however, he will be seen at Clubhouse theaters in this excellent picturization of an outstanding Broadway stage hit, "Strictly Dishonorable." The story concerns an opera star who is forced to enter into a "marriage of convenience" to escape a frame-up. You will have an opportunity to enjoy the justly famous singing voice of Pinza as well as to see a picture that will keep you laughing all the way home. "MR. BELVEDERE RINGS THE BELL" 20th Century-Fox Starring CLIFTON WEBB You all have seen, no doubt, the previous laugh-classics featuring the antics of Mr. Belvedere. In this, his latest vehicle, he takes over an old folks home to prove that "you can be young at 80." As usual, Clifton Webb plays his role with verve, finesse and earns a laugh a minute. He is ably supported by Joanne Dru and Hugh Marlowe. This is a picture that the whole family will want to see. "RICH, YOUNG, AND PRETTY" M-G-M Starring JANE POWELL — VIC DAMONE Miss Powell needs no introduction to Clubhouse audiences after her outstanding singing and dancing with Fred Astaire in "Royal Wedding." Vic Damone is well known through his Mercury recordings of "If," "Vagabond Shoes." and other hit tunes; however, this is his first appearance as a motion picture star. The picture is filled with gay songs, comedy, and is filmed in glowing Technicolor. KATHRYN "SHOW BOAT" M-G-M Starring GRAYSON — AVA HOWARD KEEL GARDNER This trio of capable young actors is well cast in the old favorite, "Show Boat." You all know both the story and the music from this great American musicale. As sung by these talented young stars, however, the score takes on a fresher and more pleasing meaning. Filmed in Technicolor, "Show Boat" is a real treat to the eye and to the ear. Moumblow said, and will be presented shortly to the Chest's Executive Committee. Funds totaling $33,753.18 have been distributed to 14 Canal Zone welfare or community activities which participated in the 1950-51 Community Chest drive, according to the final report of the auditors which has just been submitted to Governor F. K. Newcomer The remaining $3,178.77 of Community Chest funds remains on hand to begin the 1951-52 drive next month. Last October's drive, the fourth to be held in the Canal Zone, had a goal of $30,500, but this was oversubscribed by $5,370. It was conducted under the sponsorship of the Canal Zone Civic Councils, with Emmett Zemer as chairman and Mrs. Johnston as director. Agencies Received Their Quotas Agencies which participated in last year's campaign, their quotas and the amounts they received are shown below. In each case the difference between the quota and the amount received is the agency's share of the campaign expenses. Salvation Army: Quota, $5,000; expenses, $478.71; net, $4,521.29. Balboa Armed Services YMCA: Quota, $3,333.34; expenses, $319.14; net, $3,014.20. Cristobal Armed Services YMCA: Quota, $2,500; expenses, $240.98; net, $2,259.02. Girl Scouts: Quota $3,000; expenses $289.83; net, $2,710.17. Boy Scouts: Quota, $3,000; expenses, $289.83; net, $2,675.17, plus $35 which was received in personal checks from donors issued in the name of the Boy Scouts and delivered to the Scouts as part of their allocated funds. JWB Armed Forces Service Center: Quota, $3,333.32; expenses, $319.14; net, $3,014.18. National Catholic Community Services: Quota, $3,333.34; expenses, $319.14, net, $3,014.20. Corozal Hospital: Quota, $3,806.57; expenses, $364.75; net, $3,441.82. International Boy Scouts: Quota, $1,582.14; expenses, $153.06; net, $1,429.08. Margarita Cristobal Civic Council: Quota, $250; expenses, $24.42; net, $225.58. Gatun Civic Council: Quota, $250; expenses, $24.42 (quota authorized but payment not affected; this amount, $225.58, is banked as part of Chest funds). Gamboa Civic Council: Quota, $250; expenses, $24.43; net, $225.57. Pacific Civic Council: Quota, $250; expenses, $24.43; net, $225.57. Summer Recreation Program: Quota, $4,000; expenses, $384.27; net, $3,615.73. Campaign Expenses Total $3,347 The expenses of the campaign, up to December 19, 1950, totaled $3,256.55. This amount was charged against the quotas of participating agencies. Subsequent expenses increased the total operating expenses to the sum of $3,347.23. Supplies, printing, postage, telephones, and other miscellaneous expenses accounted for $1,139.39 of the campaign expenses for the 1950-51 drive. The remainder of the expenses, $2,207.84, was paid in administrative salaries.

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14 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS From July 15 through August 15 The following list contains the names of those employees who were transferred from one division to another or from one type of work to another. The promotion list does not contain within-grade promotions nor regradings. CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Mrs. Barbara M. Schmitt, from Clerki Panama Local Agency, Railroad and Terminals Bureau, to Clerk-Typist, Contraband Control Section. G. Leroy Koontz, from Clerk-stenographer to Administrative Assistant, Police I >i\ ision. Robert A. Wainio, from Customs Guard lo Customs Inspector, Postal, Customs and Immigration I >ivision. Kenneth C. Krogh, from High School readier i<> Supervising Teacher, Occupational High School. Marvin Rosen, from Fireman, Fire Division, to Postal Clerk, Postal, Customs and Immigration I >ivision. COMMUNITY SERVICES BUREAU Willis E. Martin, from Clerk to Assistanl to Housing Manager, Cristobal Office, Housing Division. Earl W. Sears, from Accounting Clerk to Clerk, Balboa Office, Housing Division. Roy A. Hall, from Inspector to Supervisor, Buildings and Equipment, Clubhouse Division. Barbara A. Ely, from Student Assistant to Library Assistant, Library. Paul T. Roth, from Supp'ly Clerk, Pedro Miguel Housing Office, to Accounting Clerk, Balboa Housing Office. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Gerald J. Fox, from Maintenance and Construction Equipment Mechanic, to Principal Foreman of Construction and Maintenance, Municipal Division. John A. Barbour, from Telephone Repair Shop Foreman, to Wire Chief, Balboa, Electrical Division. David C. Ryan, from Telephone InstallerMaintainer to Telephone Repair Shop Foreman, Electrical Division. Harold M. Fraser, from Telephone Maintainer, to Wire Chief, Cristobal, Electrical Division. Joseph T. Verchinsky, from Machinist, to Principal Foreman, Water and Laboratories Branch, Municipal Division. Austin E. Salter, from Wireman, to Wireman. Leadingman, Electrical Division. Howard E. Munro, from Powerhouse Operator-Dispatcher, to Power Dispatcher, Electrical I (ivision. Herbert F. Paddock, from Power Dispatcher, toStation Chief (Hydro-Generating II) Electrical Division. Earl M. Seagrave, from Station Chief (Hydro-Generating II) to Supervisor, Generation and Transmission, Electrical I >ivision. Jamie J. Carruth, Clerk to Administrative Assistant, Building Division. Ralph H. Otten, from Engineering Aid to Architect (general) Engineering Division. Luis D. Crespo, from Engineering Draftsman to Civil Engineer, Engineering I )ivision. Arthur V. Corbett, from Wireman, Leadingman, to Electrical Foreman, Electrical Division. John Clayton, Jr., from Powerhouse Operator to Powerhouse Operator-Dispatcher, Electrical Division. Fred Yaeger, from Signalman, Navigation Division, to Pumpman, Municipal Division. FINANCE BUREAU Mrs. Pauline Kaplan, from Ticket Seller, Clubhouse Division, to Card Punch Operator, Accounting Division. Howard M. Fuller, from Clerk, Railroad and Terminals Bureau, to Accounting Clerk, Accounting Division. HEALTH BUREAU David C. Mcllhenny, from Hospital Foreman to Funeral Director, Colon Hospital. H. Max Green, from Probationary Policeman to Sanitation Inspector, Colon Health Office. INDUSTRIAL BUREAU Robert G. Brown, from Commissary Assistant to Apprentice Shipwright, Production Division. MARINE BUREAU John A. Dombrowsky, from Lock Operator, Wireman, to Senior Lock Operator, Locks Division. Preston M. Trim, Jr., from Payroll Clerk, Payroll Division, to Marine Dispatcher, Navigation Division. Charles J. Connor, from Pump Operator to Pipeline Suction Dredge Eoreman, Dredging Division. Rutherford P. Rivet, from Foreman to Pipeline Suction Dredge Mate, Dredging Division. George D. Suddaby, from Chief Operator to Pipeline Suction Dredge Master, Dredging Division. Landen H. Gunn, from Mate to Pipeline Suction Dredge Operator, Dredging Division. Camillus T. Askew, from Operator to Chief Operator, Pipeline Suction Dredge, Dredging Division. William P. Quinn, from Maintenance Supervisor to Assistant Chief, Aids to Navigation Section. Murray Klipper, from Wireman, Electrical Division, to Lock Operator, Wireman, Locks Division. Russell C. Mattheis, from Dipper Dredge Mate to Locks Operator, Steam Engineer Locomotive, Locks Division. Spencer C. Lincoln, from Wireman, Electrical Division, to Lock Operator, Wireman, Locks Division. Daniel H. Rudge, from Clerk-Stenographer to Safety Inspector, Navigation Division. Grover C. Cooper, from Electrician, Commissary Division, to Lock Operator, Wireman, Locks Division. Henry E. May, Jr., from Gauger, Division of Storehouses, to Pump Operator, Dredging Division. RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU Bernard Dorfman, from Clerk to Traffic Manager, Panama Local Agency. George R. Reel, from Pumpman, Municipal Division, to Fiscal Accountant, Director's Office, Railroad and Terminals Bureau. SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU John F. Manning, from Commissary Manager to Superintendent, Abattoir and Cold Storage Plant, Commissary Division. Carl L. Simons, from Student Assistant, Division of Schools to Apprentice Pipelitter, Commissary Division. John L. Dougan, from Supervisor Buildings and Equipment, Clubhouse Division, to Steam Refrigeration Engineer and Machinist, Commissary Division. Lloyd W. Peterson, from Clerk, Railroad Division, to Supply Clerk, Division of Storehouses. -TCE^Rqi of tl i] ite summer spoi fca for tht* ( 'anal Zone's younger geni Robin Hoods from Pedro Miguel line up for a morning shoot. ation. Here a group of emhryoni

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September 7, 1951 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15 Townsite Planning In Advance Stage For New Towns Of Summit, Cardenas (Continued from page l) advanced to present a picture of the birth of a town. Summit, with its total area of about 371 acres, has about 300 acres scheduled for town development. Location Of New Town The selected townsite lies to the right of northbound traffic on Gaillard Highway and roughly is between the present Gun Club and the Golf Club. This area was selected over an alternate site less than a mile away and nearer the Summit Experimental Gardens. Grading costs would have been less at the site nearer the Gardens, but utility costs would have been higher. Other undesirable features of the Gardens section were the proximity of the main highway and the railroad which would have divided the townsite. A major factor in the final choice was the fact that sewage from the area nearer the Gardens would have been drained into the Canal above the water intake at Paraiso. The new Summit townsite will accommodate a street development of slightly over 7.50 apartments and will give a population density of three and one-half apartments per developed residential acre. (The present Balboa Flats area has a population density of between eight and 11 apartments per residential acre). At the new town, 30 acres are set aside for a civic center and schools area. Plans call for a swimming pool, as well as outdoor recreational areas adjacent to the schools. In addition, five playgrounds for smaller children would be scattered throughout the residential area in such a way that no house would be more than a quarter-mile distant from a play area. Natural recreation areas would be provided at the edge of the townsite by thinning out trees, removing undergrowth and improving drainage. Summit Is Crescent Shaped At the present time the planners, local and visiting, envision Summit townsite as a crescent-shaped development. Its open end is toward Gaillard Highway in the direction of the prevailing breeze. There is room for future expansion, if this be needed, eastward and in the direction of the Pedro Miguel River. Ultimate plans may provide that the new town would be connected to the main traffic artery of Gaillard Highway by a divided entrance road. Traffic Coal Stock In Cristobal For Sale To High Bidder The bulk of the remaining supply of coal at the Cristobal Coaling plant will be sold this month to the highest biddei The Coaling Plant is to be closed at the end of this year and slightly over 12,000 tons of coal remain in stock. Of this, 10,000 tons will be sold to the highest bidder. The stock is run-of-the-mill bituminous coal. Bids will be opened September 20 and bid forms may be obtained from the Office of the Superintendent of Storehouses in Balboa, Canal Zone. The Cristobal Coaling plant, built soon after the Canal was opened, was once a busy place. The business declined as coal burning vessels were replaced by oil burners and the sale of coal last year dropped to an all-time low. leaving Summit toward Balboa would feed into Gaillard Highway through an underpass which would prevent drivers from having to make a left-hand turn across traffic. As the planners see it, Summit's internal traffic would be handled by feeder streets 36 feet wide and residential streets of a 26-foot width. (Gaillard Highway, in the section between the Tivoli Commissary and the Civil Affairs Building is 37 feet wide; the new section of Ancon Boulevard through the San Juan Place area has a width of 28 feet). The 26-foot roads in the residential area would allow parking on one side and permit two cars to pass, but would not be wide enough to encourage reckless, highspeed driving, Mr. Lewis pointed out. Summit's crescent layout takes advantage of the townsite's natural amphitheater terrain. Residential areas would be laid out on the rising ground on either side and one end of the flatter central space. On the steep slopes both onestory and off-the-ground houses would be so placed that the higher structures would have view and ventilation over the roof of the adjacent, lower houses. Location of Civic Center The civic center would be located in the more level center space of the horseshoe. As it is now seen, this civic center would be in the form of a hollow square, or pedestrian court, around which would be located the commissary, clubhouse, theater, and postoffice. Space would be provided adjacent to these buildings for offstreet parking and the schools area would be close by, but removed from traffic hazards. In this central area would also be half a dozen "public lots" for churches, etc. Bachelor quarters would be centrally located, with respect to Clubhouse cafeteria and bus facilities and the planners suggest that, since these concentrated, large units are prominent structures in a town of predominately low houses, they deserve particular architectural study. The family quarters would be spaced for maximum privacy, with about 60 feet between buildings and no house closer than 30 feet to the street. Large backyards would provide an area for what Mr. Rotsch feels is a neglected phase of Canal Zone life — outdoor living. The Summit area is not heavily wooded but what large trees there are would be left whenever possible. As Summit is planned, in this preliminary stage, the houses would vary in type, roof shapes, and color, and would include both onand off-the-ground construction. First Sewage Treatment Plant If Summit is approved as it stands in its present planning, it will have the Canal Zone's first town sewage treatment plant. (The Army has some such plants but there are none in the Panama Canal towns). This plant would be located so that waste, treated in sedimentation tanks and chlorinated, would be discharged through gravity sewers below Pedro Miguel locks. The same treatment plant would also serve the growing town of Paraiso. Canal Zone planners see each apartment equipped with an individual garbage disposal unit, provided these can be manufactured for 25-cycle current. Present plans call for Summit and other new towns to utilize the regular 25-cycle current, because of conversion costs and since there is a 10 percent power loss when conversion has to be done on the site of consumption. In addition, a particular local situation is that employees are frequently transferred from town to town in connection with their work. Warehouse And Storage Areas Other details which planners hope can be incorporated into the new development are a warehouse group, located well back from the highway and screened by landscape planting, to serve both Summit and Paraiso and to include parking space, warehouse and yard storage space for such units as the Municipal and Building Divisions, the Motor Transportation Divisions, and Grounds Maintenance Division, and a District Wireman's shop; removal of the high voltage transmission line from its present location, which would be through the edge of the community center and parts of the residential areas, to a location westof the highway and completely outside of the town; and location of Summit's electrical sub-station near the center part of the town but removed from the residential areas. The sub-station would be accessible to, but removed from major streets. Other problems on which the planners have been working include some connection with the "outside world" for Margarita, where a large expansion is planned in preparation for which a traffic check was made late last month, arterial connections for the new local-rate townsite of Cardenas, and the waste disposal problem on the Atlantic side. Cardenas, which straddles the Army's Corozal-Clayton "back road," will comprise roughly 280 acres lying between the Rio Dos Bocas and Cerro Corozal. A major problem for this new town will be the connection at heavily travelled Gaillard Highway and the main entrance road to the new town. An additional problem on which the visitors have been consulting with local planners is that of the remodeling of Balboa where the work of reducing population densities is now in progress as part of the overall housing and town planning program. Canal Buys Over $1,500,000 In Panama During Past Year (Continued from page 1) is indicated by the list of products. It contains some 75 separate items among the agriculture products, and about 50 different classifications of the industrial and miscellaneous purchases. The heaviest buying among the items for industrial uses are cement, building materials, office equipment and supplies, parts for automotive, electrical, and machinery equipment, and paints. Among the miscellaneous items bought in Panama during the past fiscal year, the largest amounts were spent for film rentals; periodicals, newspapers, and printing; and photographic work and supplies. Over $125,000 was spent both for film rentals, and for periodicals, newspapers, and printing. Purchases of photographic work and supplies totalled over $50,000 in value during the past year. Two extensive trips were made during the past year by Commissary Division representatives in an effort to stimulate and develop additional markets for products sold in the commissary stores. The last of the two trips was made in May by F. R. Johnson, Assistant Supply and Services Director, in company with representatives of the Panama Government.

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16 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW September 7, 1951 Scrap Metal Salvage Here Again Aids Nationwide Drive To Avert Shortages Scenes reminiscent of World War II are being reenacted at the Balboa Storehouse scrap yard where hundreds of tons of scrap metal are being gathered, sorted, and made ready for shipment to the steel mills and foundries in the United States. Approximately 2,700 tons of ferrous scrap are being offered for sale and bids will be opened September 10. In addition, bids were opened last week on 150 tons of non-ferrous scrap metal. The collection of scrap metal is a part of a nationwide program recently launched on a regional basis by the National Production Authority. In charge of the Canal Zone program is Jerome F. Prager, Superintendent of Storehouses, who was recently appointed Scrap Salvage Administrator for the Panama Canal Company. Mr. Prager is well acquainted with the task of ferreting out scrap metals by long experience during the past war. The Storehouse Division was awarded a pennant early in 1945 for its work in the collection of scrap metal for the war effort. During that period three supervisors, two crane operators, and 85 local-rate workers were engaged in the program. Nation Inventories Low Inventories of scrap iron and steel at the Nation's 200 mills and foundries are dangerously low, the National Production Authority has announced, and unless scrap supplies are appreciably expanded within the next few months the steel production program may be seriously affected. The accompanying pictures indicate the extent and some of the work required in processing scrap before it is shipped. In the upper picture, a locomotive crane is hip-deep in unclassified scrap being unloaded. A heavy cutting machine shown in the middle picture, is used to reduce some of the material to proper size. Heavier scrap is cut by torches. The lower pictures shows hundreds of tons of metal in the scrap yard ready for shipment after being classified and cut. The scrap collection program has the following objectives: 1 A search of all properties for dormant scrap, such as obsolete machinery, tools, jigs, dies, fixtures, and other abandoned equipment which is broken or worn beyond repair. 2. A survey of potential wrecking and dismantling projects likely to produce scrap, such as abandoned buildings and other obsolete or useless material. 3. The collection and disposition of all iron and steel as quickly as possible through normal channels. All units of the Canal organization have been requested to cooperate. The general public can also greatly assist, Mr. Prager says, by reporting any items of abandoned scrap metal which may have been otherwise overlooked. An example of this kind of aid was recently given by a report of a large collection of metal in the jungle area near Madden Dam. The Scrap Salvage Administrator is now waiting for the coming dry season to cut trails to the find so it can be cut and the metal hauled to the Balboa yards for salvage. ~ W S| f=s W .11 r"i"™^^ H oo^^^= "^ i o> = — O i r* ^ IP -n 1 -g=o • C?l_^_^ Ol r-i E *k > ^"*^ M ^Series "E" Bonds May Be Held For Ten Years Longer A reminder has been given to employees that their United Savings Bonds of Series "E" may be held up to 10 years after maturity. An increasing number of employees will have "E" Bonds mature this year and those who plan to take advantage of the plan approved by Congress to hold the bonds up to ten years longer are not required to take any action. The extended bond will earn simple interest on the face of the amount at the rate of two and one-half percent for the first seven and one-half years, and thereafter at a higher interest rate to provide an aggregated return for the 10-year extension period of 2.9 percent compounded. If Series "E" Bond holders desire, they may exchange their bonds in amounts of $500, or multiples, for a current issue of Series "G" of the United States Savings Bonds. These earn interest at the rate of two and one-half percent a year which is payable semi-annually. This series is redeemable at par any time after six months of issue date on one calendar month's notice.