Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Title: Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00080
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publication Date: February 1964
Frequency: semiannual
Subject: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097366
Volume ID: VID00080
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
 Related Items
Other version: Panama Canal review en espagñol


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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Front Matter 3
        Front Matter 4
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Back Matter
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Back Cover
        Page 21
        Page 22
Full Text


Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries




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ROBERT J. FLEMINC, Jr., Governor-President ROBERT D. KERR, Press Officer
DAVID S. PARKER, Lieutenant Governor Publications Editors
Panama Canal Information Officer Editorial Assistants
Official Panama Canal Publication EUNICE RICHARD, TOBI BITTEL, and
Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. TOMAS A. CUPAS
Printed at the Printing Plant, La Boca, C.Z.
Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Employees.

IIajoo Canal Aojects

Taking dtogpeis

WIDENING OF GA1LLARD CUT: The dry excavation begun in January
1963 on the largest phase of the $43.7 million widening of the Canal was
76 percent complete by mid-February 1964. The Zone 1 work, excavation of
overburden material above elevation 95 feet, involves 5 million cubic yards
of excavation. Bids will be asked in May for the Zone I1 excavation below
elevation 95 feet. The total excavation in this final portion in Las Cascadas-Bas
Obispo Reaches will approximate 17 million cubic yards. The project, started
in 1959, is scheduled for completion in fiscal year 1967.

NEW LOCKS MAINTENANCE METHOD: Work has been completed at
Miraflores Locks, is scheduled for Gatun Locks in 1966, and is tentatively
scheduled for Pedro Miguel Locks in 1972 to permit a system of miter gate
overhaul whereby the miter gates will be unhinged by means of a floating
crane, floated to a remote drydock for overhaul, and rehinged with the
floating crane. Instead of unwatering the chamber to overhaul the wall quoins
and pintles, a portable cofferdam will be used so that ship traffic will be
interrupted only during the removal and rehinging of the gate leaves, approxi-
mately 24 hours being required for each operation. A trial overhaul at Mira-
flores Locks to test this system is scheduled to start in September 1964.

MARINE TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM: The voice radio part of the
system is being installed. This consists of VHF radio systems for harbor
dispatching, centralized transit dispatching and pilot-to-towing locomotive
communications. The equipment for these systems is being purchased under
contract, at a total cost of $259,676. The central dispatching office is being
constructed on the third floor of the Terminal Building, Balboa. It is expected
that the new harbor and transit systems will be completed and in operation
by April 1964 and the pilot-to-locomotive system by May 1964.



Malaria Dips ___ _____

Major Port____ ______

A Pioneer______________ __-- --

Where Are You?_----

Library Honor_________

Retirements _-

Canal History__- _______


Promotions, Transfers _____

Shipping. _______ __

About the Cover

THE INSTALLATIONS once maintained by the Pacific Steam
Navigation Co. at Morro Island off the Island o;f Taoga, arc shown
in this 100-year-old lithograph by Ceorge Sibcll reprinted as the
cover of this month's PA\NAMA CANAL REVIEW.
The little island, joined to Taboga by a sand spit, was purchased
by the PSNC before the Panama Railroad was completed and used
as the cefntr of operations for the company's Pacific-bascd ships.
P.i i I,, i, and freight wcre brought across the Isthmus from the
Atlantic side by railroad, river boat and mule back to join the
ships at Panama. The company established workshops, houses,
a hospital and the famous "gridlion" where ships were drv-dockcd
and rnairled. aftere r was fiurnisled from the main island.



Leading Figures Rate a Bow

A FIGUREHEAD-like a mermaid-is
out of date. And it's a shame.
Once upon a time no ship worth its
salt was sent to sea without one. Just as
a car as a status symbol was equipped
with a running board and a radiator cap.
Although the art of carving figure-
heads is practically extinct these days,
waterfront sources report that there still
are ships plying the high seas and going
through the Panama Canal, too, that are
fitted out with figureheads as well as
radar and remote-control engines.
One of the shipping companies to
keep up the tradition of the old sailing
ships is a Norwegian company called

the Fred Olsen Line. It is no Johnny-
come-lately in the shipping world, nor
is it a midget.
The Fred Olsen Line, founded nearly
100 years ago by an astute Norwegian
seafaring man bearing that name, is a
company known from Zanzibar to
Singapore and is the owner of 60 to 70
cargo vessels-trim, smart craft carrying
passengers as well as freight. Some of
them are regular customers of the Canal
as they go from Europe to the U.S. west
coast and the Far East and others ply
the Mediterranean and South American
trade routes.
No matter where they go, the Fred

Olsen Line ships-although modem
from stem to ster-have figureheads on
their graceful bows just as their daddies
and granddaddies used to.
The custom was started by the
original owner of the line, whose grand-
son Fred Olsen is still head of the
company. Some of the figureheads are
beautiful women, such as the one seen
on the bow of the Bolinas. Others are
symbols representing the ship's name.
The SS Bonanza, another Olsen Line
ship and also a regular Canal customer,
has an American Indian chief on its
bow. The SS Buffalo has a figure repre-
senting Buffallo Bill, the old Indian
fighter, and the SS Bataan has a South
Sea island beauty as its figurehead.
According to Capt. Lars Nygaard, a
husky Norwegian salt who is in com-
mand of the Bolinas, the shipping line
has the figureheads carved by ambitious
Norwegian artists who practice this
ancient form of sculpture with as much
zeal and enthusiasm as the artists who
furnished figureheads for the early
American clipper ships running out of
Marblehead, Mass.
The model for the beautiful figure-
head on the bow of the Bolinas, for
instance, was the wife of the young
Norwegian artist. The figurehead was
attached to the bow shortly before the
ship sailed on its maiden voyage in
1956. Like an Irish playwright, the
artist arrived for the ceremony in a
festive mood.
The figurehead on the Bolinas may
run into a bit of rough weather in the
North Atlantic now and then and often
arrives at the Canal a little worse for
wear. She returns from the U.S. west
coast in fine shape. A new coat of paint
usually is applied in California by U.S.
workmen, who reportedly take on the
job with enthusiasm.
The Bolinas and her sistership, the
Burrard, pass through the Canal on a
regular schedule and their life-sized
figureheads depicting the female form
divine have attracted the attention of
many other members of the shipping
trade and passengers.
Captain Nygaard sees nothing un-
usual about the lovely young lady who
adorns the bow of this otherwise hard
working Norwegian freighter. She is
just the model of any normal healthy
young Norwegian girl, he says.
"Now if you would like to know what
kind of cargo we are carrying. .. ."

The "Leading Lady" of the Bolinas


,. -7.


Alert Control, Constant Fight

Drive Malaria to New Low

MALARIA, which cut a great swath of
death through the ranks of the men who
built the Panama Canal, has all but
disappeared in the Canal Zone.
The number of cases reported in
1963 hit a new low. Authorities in the
Health Bureau attribute this to constant
vigilance and rigid mosquito control
Statistics issued by the Division of
Sanitation of the Health Bureau show
that the case rate of .4 per 1,000 em-
ployees reported at the end of 1963
was a new record for malaria eradica-
tion in the Canal Zone and the lowest
case rate since statistics were started in
1906. In that year, the rate was 821
cases per 1,000.
The previous low for malaria inci-
dence in the Canal Zone was .6 recorded
in 1956.
The fight against malaria has been
constant since work began on the Pan-
ama Canal. Yellow fever and malaria
were the two diseases which neces-
sitated the intensive mosquito eradica-
tion campaign started under Colonel
Corgas in 1904. Sanitary measures
which made possible the construction
and maintenance of the Panama Canal
resulted in the eradication of yellow
fever within a few years and reduced
mosquito-borne diseases. The com-

in1906 21iW-

1907 424
1908 282
1909 215
1910 187
1911 184
1912 110
1913 76
1914 82
1915 52
1916 16
1917 14
1918 8
1919 31
1920 19
1921 5
1922 17
1923 19
i924 16
1925 27
1926 14
1927 i I
1928 14
1929 2 I
1930 26 1
1931 19
1932 14
1933 27

plete control of malaria still remains
a problem.
The late Dr. James S. Simmons, for--
merlv of the U.S. Armv Medical
Research Board in Ancon, wrote in 1939
that yellow fever and malaria probably
existed in Panama at least since the time
of early European settlements. For
several centuries prior to the discovery
of the manner of its transmission, yellow
fever and malaria exerted a powerful
influence on the destiny of the Isthmus
of Panama, destroying the health of the
people and contributing to the failure
of the plans of various foreign nations
who wanted to build a trans-isthmian
Elimination of yellow fever and
"reduction of the incidence of malaria
which immediately followed the ener-
getic use of anti-mosquito measures in
the Canal Zone is now recognized as one
of the triumphs of preventive medicine.
"By expenditure of large amounts of
money, certain parts of the narrow
mosquito-infested strip of land which
traverses the Isthmus on either side of
the Panama Canal, have been rendered
comparatively .free from malaria and
have been converted into fairly safe
places in which to live. Malaria inci-
dence rates for Canal employees are no
longer a cause for serious concern and

P b. rE
'9 :1. -' i0 "
1935 '5 1
193-, iz I
1938 0
1939 2 14
1940 17
1941 14
1942 25
1943 15
1944 12
19+-5 12
1946 12
1947 I
1948 5
1949 3 I
1950 It I
1951 20
1952 32

Q 47E
19" 2C ?1
1954 2 I
9 1: 53

1958 43
2939 7 7!
2960 I
1961 131
2962 12
963 4

deaths attributed directly to malaria
have become rare," Dr. Simmons said.
Each year since then the incidence
rate has been gradually reduced but
only through the use of measures to
guard against the disease. The Canal
Zone Division of Sanitation budget is
$400,000 a year for an operation of
employees who spend 60 to 70 percent
of their time in the continuing fight
against malaria and efforts toward its
These include such well known
practices as drainage of swampy or
mosquito breeding areas, the use of
mosquito screening in houses, spraying
with insecticide the inside of dwellings,
elimination of harboring places by
cutting away underbrush and the use of
larvicide throughout the 50 square
miles of sanitated areas surrounding the
15 Canal Zone township sites, 5 of
which are on the Atlantic side and 10
on the Pacific.
The 123 men, all Panamanians, are
employed in 11 gangs by the Sanitation
Division in the battle to control malaria,
clean more than 400 miles of drainage
ditches each year. They help the health
authorities apply residual insecticide
twice each year in dwellings of more
than 150 land licensees. Blood smears
are taken regularly and those residents
whose smears are found positive for
malaria, are given weekly dosages of a
suppressive drug tablet for 14 weeks.
This activity is coordinated with the
Gorgas Memorial Laboratory in Panama
The Canal Zone Division of Sanita-
tion annual report points out that
although the malaria rate among Canal
Zone employees may, in the future,
decrease to no cases, the Sanitation
forces have not eliminated the malaria
transmitting mosquito for which control
must be continued within populated
areas by sanitary ditch maintenance,
larviciding, fogging, and insecticidal
residual applications.
Furthermore, mosquito control must
be maintained to decrease other mos-
quito-borne diseases, such as encepha-
litis, as well as to reduce pest mosquitoes
that lower morale in living and em-
ployment sites within the tropical
topography of the Canal Zone.




At right is a model of the Anopheles mos-
quito, which transmits malaria. It's a
mockup made by the Health Bureau for
a display. No doubt it gave a start to
anyone who saw it sitting under a tree,
poised for action. Because even in the most
exaggerated mosquito stories, they don't
grow this big. Below, help comes in the
form of a Health Bureau fogging unit.
Canal Zone children call this health
guardian "the stinky man." They dance
about when he comes down the street, the
fog motor chattering amid a cloud of spray.
But his "foggy notions" about mosquitoes
have contributed in a large measure to the
continuing tight control over mosquito-
borne diseases in the Canal Zone.



World Ports


I7I. !1r


The 1,200-foot quay, equipped with transporter bridges for unloading coal and ore.
The-- -0oqyqp whaoereouagoa e

TWO HUNDRED years before Colum-
bus set out upon his great adventure of
discovery, the port of Antwerp in Bel-
gium was a going business. And the city
of Antwerp began to develop a thousand
years before that.
Today the port is important not only
to Europe; it has worldwide signifi-
cance. This position is evidenced by the
16,945 ships that arrived at the port in
1961. The port handled a total of 46
million tons in shipping that year, the
last for which full figures were made
Ships of 50 nations arrived and
departed Antwerp during 1961 to load
and unload cargo at this European
"crossroads" port on the Scheldt River.
The port is used by more than 300
shipping lines, with more than 90 per-
cent of the total traffic carried through
the port under foreign flags. And of all
the business done at Belgian ports,
Antwerp takes the lion's share-87
Antwerp owes its attraction to a
favorable geographical position in rela-
tion to the industries of Western
Europe. Heavy industry in Belgium and
the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in

Industrial settlements in the Antwerp
port area.

A Crossroads

Of European


northern and eastern France, and along
the Saar and the Ruhr spreads out
behind the port city like a fan, 60 to
250 miles away.
A prime reason for the busy port is
its link between inland and sea traffic.
The "national hinterland" of the port

is the BLEU (Belgian-Luxemburgian
Economic Union). This large area is
dependent upon overseas trade, if a
high standard of living is to be main-
tained there. Great quantities of raw
material-principally oil, ores, coal and
cereals-must be imported. Principal
exports through the port are iron and
steel (nearly half the volume), fer-
tilizers, chemicals, cement and glass.
Another economic asset is the fact
that Antwerp is an inland port with
large and important rail connections.
It is a loading port for finished and
semifinished products of Western Euro-
pean industry.


He Fought


With Gorgas


Dr. Eno at his office in Colon.

Dr. Harry Eno, a name well known
on both sides of the Isthmus, is exactly
He came to the Isthmus from
Hoboken, N.J. in 1905, shortly after
completing his training as an intern, and
found himself in the middle of the fight
against "yellow jack."
He has been here ever since and at
present is one of the few U.S. citizens
possessing a license to practice medicine
in the Republic of Panama.
He came to Panama when health con-
ditions were deplorable. But during the
years he has seen the Isthmus become
one of the health spots in the world.
He worked with Col. W. C. Gorgas
and other medical greats of the con-
struction days and remained here to
establish, with Dr. Surse Taylor, the
Samaritan Hospital in Colon. This was
the only hospital in Colon for many
He has been decorated by both the
United States and Panama Govern-
ments, has received recognition for his
extensive welfare work and has been
honored by the Rotary Club, the Amer-
ican Red Cross, and the Salvation Army.
"Everyone asks me why I came here
in the first place," Dr. Eno said.

"Well there I was in Hoboken and
here was the Panama Canal needing
doctors and sanitation men to fight the
fever that was killing off the Canal
workers faster than they could dig the
big ditch. I also had a desire to study,
tropical medicine," he said.
One of his first memories was going
to work at Gorgas, then known as Ancon
Hospital, with orders to have the labora-
tory reports up by the time that
Dr. Gorgas made his rounds in the
The laboratory reports were the only
means they had to determine quickly if
a patient had the dread and nearly
always fatal yellow fever.
Colonel Gorgas appeared precisely on
time each morning at 7:00 a.m. and
woe to the young doctor who hadn't
completed his tests.
"But he was a charming man," Dr.
Eno recalls. "The theory that yellow
fever and malaria was caused by the
bite of a mosquito had been proven in
Cuba but it had not been generally
accepted in medical circles and Colonel
Gorgas had a tough time convincing the
U.S. Congress that he needed more
money for his clean-up campaign. At
one time he had screening put on
Ancon Hospital himself, using makeshift

Dr. Eno spent his first years here
training at Ancon and then was trans-
ferred to the Atlantic side where the
Isthmian Canal Commission operated
Colon Hospital. Later he was district
physician at Portobelo, a historic town
where hundreds of construction workers
were engaged in digging gravel for the
construction of the locks. He remembers
this as one of the most pleasant periods
of his life.
After 10 years with the Canal organ-
ization, he left the Isthmus to study
surgery in the United States, Stockholm,
and Vienna. At that time, he also
married a charming young lady from his
hometown in up-State New York and
brought her back to Panama as a bride.
Dr. Eno has had a hand in or has
given support to nearly every civic
or public welfare movement on the
Atlantic side. Recently he gave funds
and turned over property for the con-
struction of welfare centers and low cost
housing near Colon.
He has held the Panama Order of
Vasco Nufiez de Balboa for a number
of years and is an honorary member of
the Colon Fire Department.
He and Mrs. Eno live in Colon where
Dr. Eno, now 83 years old, has a small


,- i -' !A j '^, '^^ .^,

LOOKING WEST-The Cristohal Mole is the long, cigar-shaped piece of land flanked by
the row of palm trees. Jutting from it, at left, are Piers 6, 7, and 8 Toro Point and Fort
Sherman are in the background at right.





"WELL," someone expl
runs southeast to north,
Atlantic Ocean is someti
Confusing? It can be
comer or visitor, it can If
are even some long-time
that they still remain in a,
in the Zone. It's difficult
if you don't work at it )
a non-directional state.
These pictures were:
Cristobal tower of the ]
graphic Branch of the Er
Bureau. Each one views ]
point on the compass.
read the descriptions, a
direction is Canal Zone vc

LOOKING SOUTH-That's Pier 9 in the foreground and Pier 16 (the oil dock) beyond that
where the ships are docked. The waterway is the entrance to the old French Canal.

s, "the Panama Canal
and, in these parts, the
west of the Pacific."
o the Canal Zone new-
real puzzler. And there
residents who will admit
ht haze about directions
a become oriented, and
wan easily slip back into

en from the top of the
teorological and Hydro-
seering and Construction
landscape from an exact
w-look at the pictures,
Ssee if your sense of



LOOKING NORTII-Area at right is sometimes called the De Lesseps area. The two lines
form a breakwater and just beyond, in the distance, a ship approaches Limon Bay. The
tower at right is a microwave tower.


LOO -S -h
LOOKING EAST-Buildings in front form what is popularly called "Steamship Row." The
view beyond is looking across Coloo. Coco Solo is in distant background.





I_. _

t -,



I ~ -.


0 ~


"A view of Panama" is the title of one of the rare lithograph prints
in the Library's collection. The drawing made from the side of
Ancon Hill looking toward the peninsula on which Panama City
was built following the destruction of Old Panama, is believed to

be more than 100 years old. The spires of the cathedral are shown
in the center with the islands of Taboga and Taboguilla in the
background. The lithograph was made by C. Hutchins of Liverpool.

Jor the Panama Collection:

cA Scholarly Jiallmark

THE CANAL ZONE LIBRARY's collection of documents,
photographs and books, dealing with the interoceanic trans-
portation aspect of the history of the Isthmus of Panama, is
getting international recognition this year.
The subject catalog of the collection of 10,000 or more
items will be published in the late spring or early summer
by G. K. Hall & Co., a distinguished publishing company of
Boston, Mass., which has put into print the catalogs of a
number of other noted collections.
For librarians, this really is hitting the big time.
The Canal Zone catalog, with a foreword by Governor
Fleming is being published at no cost to the Library and will
be sold at $23 a copy, pre-publication price, and at $35 a copy
after October 31. The Canal Zone Library will receive 10
copies free of charge.
Although the catalog will never hit the best seller list, it will
join a large and distinguished group of catalogs used by
scholars and other persons working in special fields. It is being
advertised in professional library journals, in shipping, engi-
neering and historical magazines. Leaflets announcing its

publication will be distributed to universities and other
scholarly outlets.
Known popularly as the Panama Collection, the items have
been assembled over the years by the Canal Zone Library
under the guidance of Mrs. Eleanor Burnham, Librarian-
Curator, who is an ardent collector of old maps on the Isthmus
of Panama. The maps, some of them originals, make up an
important part of the Library's collection.
The books and documents cover the early history of the
Isthmus, surveys leading to the building of the Panama Rail-
road, the French effort to build the canal, surveys for an
interocean canal, construction of the Panama Canal and
projects for enlarging it.
In addition to books, maps, and bound periodicals, there
are clippings and articles on local history and life on the
Isthmus, manuscripts, diaries, photographs and drawings.
Well known is the collection of lithographs made by Joseph
Penncll, an artist who came to the Isthmus in 1912 from New
York to make drawings of the final phases of the canal con-
struction. His original lithographs of construction scenes now




Mrs. Eleanor Burnham, whose efforts
resulted in the publication of a reference
work on the Panama Collection.

hang in the upstairs hallway of the Library-Museum.
Copies may be obtained from the Library of Congress in
Washington, D.C.
The Canal Zone Library collection has been of service to
a number of distinguished scholars, both from the United
States and abroad, who were working in special fields relating
to the intcrocean transportation angle of the history of Panama.
They included Dr. S. K. Lothrop of the Peabody Museum
at Harvard, the French writer Andre Siegfried, Capt. Miles
P. DuVal, author of two books on the Panama Canal; and
Dr. Alexander P. Wetmore, formerly Secretary of the
Smithsonian Institution.
One of the most recent was Duncan Cameron of New York
who found much of the material in the collection unique and
invaluable in his research for his doctorate in the Department
of Public Law and Government at Columbia University.
The catalog will consist mostly of subject cards, arranged
in alphabetical order. These are laid out flat, so many to a
page, and photographed to prepare them for publication.
It will contain about 7,000 entries, providing a subject index
to the 10,000 items of the collection. The catalog also will carry
photographs or reproductions of a number of maps in the
Mrs. Burnham, searching for new material for the collection
as usual, interested a representative of the G. K. Hall & Co.
in the project while she was attending the American Library
Association Conference in Chicago last summer.
Request for permission to publish the Panama catalog was
made by the company after her return to the Isthmus.


RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of December to the
employees listed below, with their posi-
tions at time of retirement and years
of Canal service:
Mrs. Regina T. Bannister, Cartographic
Draftsman, Engineering Division, Pacific
Side; 20 years, 24 days.
Lewis W. Barker, Police Sergeant, Police
Division, Pacific Side; 21 years, 1 month,
9 days.
Alfred J. Benton, Police Private, Police
Division, Atlantic Side; 15 years, 7 days.
Herman Birkley, Railroad Division, Pacific
Side; 29 years, 4 months, 21 days.
Nolan A. Bissell, Finance Branch Super-
intendent, Postal Division, Pacific Side;
22 years, 10 months, 6 days.
William T. Bleakley, Police Private, Police
Division, Pacific Side; 24 years, 9 months,
17 days.
Ignacio L. Caballero, Linehandler, Locks
Division, Pacific Side; 43 years, 8 months,
14 days.
John R. Campbell, Chief Engineer, Tow-
boat, Dredging Division, Pacific Side;
25 years, 2 months, 27 days.
George S. Dufau, Truck Driver, Motor
Transportation Division, Pacific Side;
35 years, 11 months, 7 days.

Benjamin S. Favorite, W\elder, Industrial
Division, Atlantic Side; 24 years, 3
months, 18 days.
Luis A. GonzAlez, Cook, Palo Seco Lepro-
sarium; 29 years, 5 months, 19 days.
Calvin D. Greenidge, Stevedore, Terminals
Division, Atlantic Side; 32 years, 7
months, 27 days.
Donald R. Jones, Window Clerk, Postal
Division, Pacific Side; 27 years, 1 month,
4 days.
Uriah C. Martinez, Deckhand, Navigation
Division, Atlantic Side; 38 years, 10
months, 10 days.
Cecil G. Meyers, Deckhand (Boatswain),
Navigation Division, Atlantic Side; 35
years, 11 months, 6 days.
Finletter R. Pottinger, Truck Driver, Motor
Transportation Division, Pacific Side;
25 years, 7 months, 11 days.
Santiago Quesada, Laborer (Heavy Pest
Control), Sanitation Division, Pacific
Side; 38 years, 1 month, 16 days.
Jesuis Ramos, Stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 33 years, 3 months,
5 days.
Hezekiah Richards, Hookman, Rigger
Helper, Industrial Division, Atlantic
Side; 30 years, 10 months, 22 days.
Andr6s Rios, Clerk, Gorgas Hospital; 37
years, 2 months, 5 days.
George Robinson, Painter, Maintenance,
Industrial Division, Atlantic Side; 19
years, 2 months, 26 days.

George D. Rowe, Toolmaker, Industrial
Division, Atlantic Side; 21 years, 5
months, 26 days.
Joshua Samuels, Stevedore, Terminals Di-
vision, Atlantic Side; 23 years, 11 months,
21 days.
Indar Singh, Stevedore, Terminals Division,
Atlantic Side; 25 years, 10 months, 18
Rude Singh, Stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 34 years, 9 months,
2 days.
Lowell E. Skeete, Laborer Heavy, Com-
munity Services Division, Pacific Side;
19 years, 7 months, 11 days.
Percival F. Soso, Leader Linehandler, Ter-
minals Division, Pacific Side; 19 years,
5 months, 9 days.
Roy C. Stockham, Supervisory General En-
gineer (Chief, Locks Division), Locks
Division, Pacific Side; 28 years, 26 days.
David Torres, Linehandler, Locks Division,
Pacific Side; 23 years, 1 month, 1 day.
Fernando Torres, Stevedore, Terminals
Division, Atlantic Side, 23 years, 3
months, 5 days.
Leocadio Torres, Helper Plumber, Main-
tenance Division, Pacific Side; 22 years,
3 days.
Bonifacio Valleios, Winchman, Terminals
Division, Atlantic Side, 14 years, 1
month, 4 days.



50 UearJ ,go
AS THE CANAL was nearing comple-
tion 50 years ago this month, President
\oodrow Wilson signed an executive
order, effective April 1, 1914, providing
conditions of employment for the per-
manent Panama Canal, Canal Zone and
Panama Railroad employees on the
By the first of February, the surface
of Catun Lake had reached an eleva-
tion of 85 feet above sea level and the
spillway gates at Catun were opened for
a test.
The tug Reliance, which in 1912
sailed from Colon to Balboa via the
Straits of Magallan, completing the
10,500-mile journey in 126 days, passed
through Gatun Locks to the Atlantic
entrance. The tug had started its journey
through the Canal in December 1912.
The master of the tug thus became the
first officer to sail a vessel around the
continent of South America via the
Panama Canal.
The new permanent Administration
Building at Balboa Heights was being
completed in February 1912 and it was
estimated that it would be ready for
use in June. Work also was progressing
on the construction of 20 concrete four-
family quarters located on Balboa Prado
and the east slope of Sosa Hill.

25 Llear c4go
Bremen, then the fifth largest ship in the
world, passed through the Panama
Canal 25 years ago this month en route
to South America on a winter cruise.
The trip through the Canal was made
without incident although her 915-foot
length nearly filled the locks chambers
and she had less than 4 feet clearance
on each side. The bridge of the big
ship, 75 feet above water level, cleared
the lock control towers by 1 foot. She
took five pilots, two tugs in the locks
and 14 towing locomotives at each of
the locks. Despite her size, she paid only
$15,000 in tolls.
Sea trials for the new Panama Rail-
road liner Panama were made off
Quincy, Mass., following her departure
from the Bethlehem Steel Shipyard. Her
maiden voyage to the Canal Zone was
planned for March 30. Two other new
ships were to follow within a few
The new Ancon Post Office was
opened formally February 15. The
$110,000 building was built on the site
of the old post office, which had served
Ancon since construction days.


10 year Ago
ONE OF THE WORST marine disas-
ters in the history of the Panama Canal
occurred 10 years ago this month in
Balboa when an explosion wrecked the
Norwegian freighter Lisholt at pier 14.
The explosion, following a fire on the
ship, caused the deaths of John P. Cole,
stevedore foreman; Walter C. Fedde,
Panama Canal chemist and three steve-
dores. Twelve others, including a
Balboa firemean, were seriously burned.
Modern communications rendered
unnecessary a famous Panama Canal
landmark in 1954. The Sosa Hill signal
station was abandoned because of in-
creased use of radio ship-to-shore com-
munications. The station had been in
existence 35 years.
Increased payments of more than
$50,000 were made in February 1954
to approximately 3,900 former em-
ployees of the Canal who were cash-
relief annuitants. Increase was a reflec-
tion of legislation enacted in February
increasing cash-relief payments.





The Panama Canal Clubhouse Divi-
sion changed its name to Service Center
Branch and clubhouses came to be
known as service centers.

One Year c4o
COL. DAVID S. PARKER, who for-
merly served in the Canal Zone from
1952 to 1954 as Military Assistant to the
Governor, was appointed Lieutenant
Governor of the Canal Zone and Vice
President of the Panama Canal 1 year
ago. He was assigned to the Canal Zone
to succeed Col. Walter P. Leber.
The construction of 83 apartments in
the townsite of Pedro Miguel was
started last February by the Panama
firm of Diaz & Guardia which made a
low bid of $1,064,593 on the project.
This was the second group of quarters
included in a long-range plan for
replacement housing.
The Canal Zone National Security
Seminar started its sessions in Balboa
Theater last year with approximately
1,200 employees attending.

'63 '64 '63 '64 '63
268(12) 21 15(1) 89 73(7)
268(12) 21 15(1) 89 73(7)
() Locks Overhaul Injuries Included In total.

Speaking of Safety ..

AT DESKS ARMED with tabulating machines, slide rules, and IBM com-
puters, thousands of mathematicians have added nearly endless columns of
numbers to determine some startling statistics. To wit: In 1960-there were
45 million accidental injuries; the Red Cross taught 59,300 classes in first aid;
the Nation smoked a million cigarettes a minute, causing a cigarette-triggered
fire once every' 2 minutes; every day, 12' million children were transported in
school buses; every 24 hours, 1,000 people died on the world's highways;
1,19S,838 students completed a course in hunter safety; and accidents cost the
United States $13.6 billion.

12 FEBRUARY 1964


(On the basis of total Federal Service)



Luis A. Martinez
Supervisory Clerk (Checker)

Samuel O. A
Lead Fore
(Tree Trimmer
Henry J. Chase
Service Center A nt

Burton A. Da
Supervisory e
Engineer (Plant)
Joseph McKenzie
Clifford L. Stewart

C i6n
Granville V. oB
hnE.Ha n

Dalvin S. Heilman
Police Private
Walter Stirling
Medical Technician (General)

Dwight A. McKabney
General Attorney
Anna L. Beckley
Accounting Technician
Jessie W. Degenaar
Accounting Technician
Edmond F. Johnson
Bookkeeping Machine
Cecil Kovel
Accounting Technician
Carmen G. de Romero
Ralph Brooks
Messenger (Motor
Vehicle Operator)
Williams S. Case
Presser (Dry Cleaning)
Dorothy E. Evans
Amos Garth
Carpenter (Maintenance)
Juan A. Hernandez
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Angela E. Iturrado
Marker and Sorter
Iris N. Mitchell
Sales Clerk
Hermin V. Modestin
Sales Clerk
George C. Rooke
James L. Snyder
Merchandise Management
Officer (Drygoods)


Clifford S. Asbury
General Foreman
(Lock Operations)
Miguel Baires
M. A. Ballesteros
Maintenanceman (Boats)
Lester H. Barrows
Lock Operator (Carpenter)
Santo Biscaino
Gerald Burkett
Thomas Carr
Antonio Flores

Favio Rodriguez G.,
Manuel M. Rodriguez
Moises Rodriguez
Painter (Maintenance)
Benito Torres
Asphalt or Cement Worker
Antonio Vallejo
Helper Lock Operator
Russell A. Weade
Lead Foreman (Harbor)
Edwin G. Whyte
Waldemar R. Zirkman
Control House Operator

Constantine A. Allen
Helper Electrician
Benjamin P. Alvarez
Meteorological Technician
Melit6n Avila Ch.
Andrds De Gracia A.
Helper Refrigeration and
Air Conditioning Mechanic
Oscar R. Hall
Senior Operator (Generating
Alexander Joseph E.
Ernesto Pomare
Boiler Tender
James Bent
Carpenter (Maintenance)
Ezekiah Bradiel
Peter Dailey
Maintenanceman (Dock)
Charles Muir
Melvin V. Smith
Automotive Machinist
Alfredo Cragwell
Senior High Principal,
Latin American Schools
Icilyn S. Morrison
Elementary Teacher
Latin American Schools
Donald H. Secrest
Relief Supervisor, Balboa

Violet Berm6dez
Nursing Assistant
(Medicine and Surgery)
Vincent E. Forbes
Truck Driver
Ivy L. Green
Nursing Assistant


EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between December 5 and January 5
(within-grade promotions and job re-
classifications are not listed):
Roy Goreng, Automatic Platen Pressman to
Cylinder Pressman (small), Printing
Police Division
Hollis Griffon, Police Private to Detective.
Bernard A. Kelleher, Walter E. Trout, Jack
E. Smith, Police Private to Police Ser-
Postal Division
Arthur L. Endicott, Foreman, Mailing Di-
vision. to Assistant Postmaster, First-
Class Ollffice.
Edwin S. Gayle, Clerk-Typist to Distribu-
tion Clerk, Substitute.
Division of Schools
Elizabeth E. Cruze, Substitute teacher to
Teacher (Elementary-U.S. Schools).
Mical Johnson, Grounds Keeper (Sports) to
Dressing Room Attendant.
Iamilton E. Atherly, Laborer (Heavy) to
Grounds Keeper (Sports).
Rodolfo E. Alvaro, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Laborer (Heavy).
Margaret K. Carwell, Recreation Assistant
(Sports) to Recreation Specialist (Sports).
Julieta Arosemena, Clerk-Typist to Clerk,
Office of Director.
Kenneth Biddy, Navigation Aid Worker to
.Maintenanceman (Distribution Systems).
Electrical Division
Mildred N. Morrill, Clerical Assistant
(Stenographer) to Administrative Assist-
ant (Stenography).
John K. Daily, Electronics Mechanic to
Leader Electronics Mechanic.
Maintenance Division
Bienvenido Salas, Linehandler to helper
Robert J. Risberg, Sanitary Engineer,
(Assistant Chief, Water and Laboratory
Branch) to Supervisory Sanitary Engi-
neer (Chief, Water, and Laboratory
Ila A. Crowell, Clerk-Stenograoher to
Accounting Clerk (Water and Laboratory

Pr6spero Rosas, Leader Quarryman to
Leader .Mobile Equipment Mechanic
Pastor Marcelino, Helper Refrigeration and
Air Conditioning Mechanic to Refrigera-
tion and Air Conditioning Plant Operator.
Everist A. Williams, Storekeeping Clerk to
Rock Crushing Plant Operator.
George Allen, Oiler and Usher to Refriger-
ation and Air Conditioning Plant Oper-
ator and Usher (Theaters).
John Williams, Helper, Plumber to Main-
Ramona MacKinnon, Staff Nurse to Staff
Nurse (Leprosy), Palo Seco.
Gorgas Hospital
Mary R. Smith, Staff Nurse to Staff Nurse
(Medicine and Surgerv).
William C. Allen, Truck Driver to Medical
Aid (Ambulance).
Salvador Alfaro. Hospital Attendant to
Laboratory Helper.
Karl L. Harris, Guest House Clerk, Service
Center Branch, to Voucher Examiner.
Coco Solo Hospital
Jennie S. Brenner, Clerk-Typist to Clerk.
Nadinc E. Robinson, Staff Nurse to Staff
Nurse (Medicine and Surgery).
Louise M. Wenzel, Staff Nurse to Staff
Nurse (Obstetrics).
Navigation Division
Donald P. Garrido, Pilot, Probationary, to
Pilot, Cristobal.
Leslie G. Anderson, Pilot-in-Training to
Pilot, Probationary, Balboa.
Genevieve K. Field, Timekeeper to Super-
visor Timekeeper.
Myrtle P. Iughes, Clerk-Typist, Coco Solo
hospital to Timekeeper, Navigation Divi-
Industrial Division
Thomas P. Belford, Construction Inspector
to Purchasing Agent, Cristobal.
William Lawrence, Stockman, Supply Divi-
sion, to Storekeeping Clerk.
Robert E. Ilolland, Shift Engineer (MIe-
chanical) Electrical Division to Machinist
John L. Irwin, Shift Engineer (Mechanical)
to .Machinist (Marine).
Locks Division
William Van Sielen, Supervisory Gen-
eral Engineer (Superintendent Atlantic
Branch) to Supervisory General Engi-
neer (Chief Locks Division) Pedro
Elbert T. Chappell, \\elder to Lock Oper-
ator (Ironworker-Welder).
Darell K. Seymour, Machinist to Lock
Operator (Machinist).
Norman Blandford, Messenger to Time
William G. Hingliam, Marine Traffic Con-
troller Navigation Division to Manage-
ment Analyst, Balboa Heights.
Carroll E. Kocher, Voucher Examiner,
Gorgas Hospital, to Accounting Clerk.
Robert llanna, Accountant to Accounting

Henry H. Lee, Jr., Supervisory Storekeep-
ing Clerk to Accounting Assistant.
George N. Ateek, Commissary Store Man-
ager to Retail Store Manager.
Bel6n D. Guerrero, Grocery Attendant to
Stock Control Clerk.
Junior Cumberbateh, Service Station
Attendant to Guard.
Frederico A. James, Laborer (Heavy) to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Reniel Smith, Laborer (Cleaner) to Utility
Terminals Division
Jos6 A. L6pez, Laborer, Community Serv-
ice Division to Helper, Liquid Fuels
William Geer, Liquid Fuels Gager to
Leader Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Thomas F. Hunt, Liquid Fuels Gager to
Leader Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
George Williams, Stevedore to Automotive
Crane Operator.
Fred B. Leslie, Cargo Marker to Guard.
George I. Ottey, Cargo Marker to Clerk
Motor Transportation Division
Luis E. Ferreira, Jr., Apprentice (Electri-
cian) 2d year). Dredging Division to
Helper Tire Rebuilder.
Rufus A. Graves, Donald O. Zobel, Truck
Driver to Truck Driver (Heavy).
OTHER PROMOTIONS whieh did not
involve changes of title:
James G. NMurray, Training Instructor,
Electrical Division.
John H. Simson, General Supply Officer,
Supply Division.
Charles T. Hedman, Service Center Super-
visor, Supply Division.
Gerald Sehear, Administrative Services
Willamae T. Laird, John Martino, EAM
Project Planner.
Teonilda I. de Pefia, Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk.
Robert B. Samuels, Lloyd B. Joseph,
Bookkeeping Machine Operator.
Nick M. Elich, General Foreman (Quarry
Marguerite S. Tribe, Teller, Railroad Divi-
Alfred Williams, Clerk, Maintenance Divi-


14 FEBRUARY 1964



Largest Cable Ship
ONE OF THE most unusual ships to
transit the Canal during the month of
January was the American-flag cable
ship Long Lines, the largest cable laying
and repair ship in the world. It is owned
by the Transoceanic Cable Ship Co.,
Inc., a subsidiary of the American Tele-
graph & Telephone Co., operated by
the Isthmian Lines, Inc. of New York
and is the first commercially owned
and operated cable laying ship sailing
under the U.S. flag.
The Long Lines has been designed
for maximum efficiency during all kinds
of cable working operations. The cable
deck and the greater part of the picking
up and laying in gear is under cover.
The hull is strengthened for ice, and fire
resisting non-combustible materials are
used throughout the interior. The three
main cable tanks extend through three
decks. The ship's cable machinery com-
prises two bow drum type cable engines
and a new machine called a linear cable
engine which is designed to lay cable
fitted with rigid repeaters at a uniform
rate while the ship makes speeds up
to 8 knots. A repeater, each worth
$50,000, is put down every 20 miles.


Commercial ..............
U.S. Government..........
Total ..............
Commercial.... $4,901,955
U.S.Government. 94,138
Total.... $4,996,093
Commercial.... 5,692,710
U.S. Government. 59,841
Free .......... 35,208
Total.... 5,787,759



Includes tolls on all vessels, oceangoing and
*oCargo figures are in long tons.

Not only the largest cable laying and
repair ship in the world, the Long Lines
probably is the most expensive as well.
It was designed by the New York firm
of Gibbs & Cox, Inc. and was built in
Germany. Her fitting out took 2 years.
She cost more than $19 million.
The ship is scheduled to return
through the Canal to the U.S. east coast
within 6 months.

Automation, Marine Style
SOME OF THE first cargo ships to be
built in the United States with highly
automated enginerooms will be Pan-
ama Canal customers in the not too
distant future. They are the eight new
freighters being built for the Lykes
Brothers Steamship Co. by the Avon-
dale Shipyards in New Orleans at a
cost of approximately $82 million.
Westinghouse Electric Corp. was
awarded a systems contract for more
than $6 million to furnish central en-
gineroom control systems, the main
steam propulsion machinery and other
electrical equipment for the clipper
class cargo ships of 14,000 deadweight
cargo capacity and 20 knots speed.
According to an article in the Ship-
ping Digest, S. B. Turman, Chairman
of Lykes, announced that an agreement
had been reached with the National
Maritime Union and Marine Engineers
Beneficial Association permitting the
reduction of the size of the crew from
the normal complement of 46 men to
32 on each ship-a reduction of 30 per-
cent. The agreement makes the ships
economically feasible.

TALKING IT OVER-President of the French Line Pierre Renaud, left, had an interesting conversation with Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr.
on a recent visit to the Panama Canal Zone. The two officials talked of shipping, a mutual interest, and of the company represented by
President Renaud, at the office of the governor.

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