Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries
IN THIS ISSUE d
Cut Widening Scenes
Signal Station Retired
N o hLZe ique
Cut Widening Progress, Pattern
ROBERT J. FLE.NINc, Jr., Governor-President W A
DAVD S. PARKER, Lieutenant Governor
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Panama Canal Information Offic
Official Panama Canal Publication
er Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, La Boca, C.Z.
Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Emplo
ROBERT D. KERR, Press Officer
ROBERT D. KERR and JULIO E. BRICERO
EUNICE RICHARD, TOBI BrrTEL, and
TOMAS A. CUPAS
Where Is It?
ON OUR COVER: Progress of work on the widening of
the Canal on the final reaches through Gaillard Cut from
300 to 500 feet is visible in the "skinned earth" area along
the west bank, at right as you look at the picture. The
aerial photo was taken from a point almost directly over
Camboa Bridge. The line indicates approximately future
width of the Canal after removal of about 11,200,000
cubic yards of rocky material from the west bank. \ork
began last January on the third, final, and largest phase
of the $41 million program for widening of the cut,
a program started in 1959. The current contract work is
being done primarily by 44-cubic-yard scraper units,
nearly twice the size of any power scrapers ever used
before on any Canal Zone projects.
HOW FAMILIAR are you with the
history of the Panama Canal? How
closely do you inspect your surround-
ings? And how well does the geography
of the Isthmus register on your memory?
The picture at left was printed from a
negative in official files of old glass
negatives. Can you guess what the
scene is, and about what date? If so,
drop a note to the editor of THE REVIEVW,
along with the reason you think
your guess is correct on place and
We'll let you know in a later issue,
along with an explanation of how it's
possible, by close inspection of the
picture, to establish place and time.
Yes, that's a French rail car, and for
the benefit of rail buffs to whom it
would mean something, it has a link
and pin coupler, not an automatic
The sand along the tracks and the
barrels under shelter at right aren't
useful as clues. Don't waste time on
them. The hills in the distance could be
clues. That's not a signal in right back-
ground, it's a pole with insulators.
Anv ideas as to where the scene is,
If so, pitch in. There'll be no
"winner," but it could be fun. Other old
pictures will be published periodically
for similar guessing games.
Cut wideningg Views--------
Planning, Control Tool __
Major Ocean Ports __---_-.-- __
Signal Station "Retired" __--
New Lockage Technique -
Canal History, Retirements ._
Promotions and Transfers
-.-_ -- -- -- 6
-..----- ----- 810
--- -- -- -- --- 10
A view of part of the Cut widening project not visible from the Canal or from Gamboa
Road along the east bank. It's spoil bank No. 1, sloped toward the Mandinga River parallel
to the course of the river, and away from the Canal channel, for earth stability and to
minimize the amount of bank wash that will get back into the river and eventually into
the Canal. This reduces the amount of dredging necessary to keep the channel clear.
Bird's Eye View
Of Canal Widening Work
APPROXIMATELY 3,200,000 cubic
yards of material have been removed
from Gaillard Cut under current con-
tract work in Las Cascadas-Bas Obispo
Reaches for widening of the Canal from
300 to 500 feet.
Removal of the remaining estimated
1,800,000 cubic yards under the Zone I
(above elevation 95) contract should be
completed by the end of April, 6 months
ahead of scheduled completion date.
The contract, with Moretti-Harrison,
Inc., of Miami, Fla., covers removal and
disposal of the non-rocky overburden
earthy material. It is based on removal
of 4 million cubic yards, with option
for the Panama Canal of having an
additional 675,000 yards removed at the
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3
Jutting out from the west bank of the Canal
near Gamboa is Mandinga flare, which is
being cut back to approximately the line
shown, for improved visibility for pilots,
although the work is not necessary for
adequate channel width. This work is
being done by the Dredging Division
because the flare is isolated from the con-
tract work area by the Mandinga River,
and making it a separate project simplified
the contract job.
same unit price of 44.8 cents per yard.
Upon completion of this contract,
the work remaining in the Canal widen-
ing project will be removal of approxi-
mately 11,200,000 cubic yards of rocky
material from the 3-mile long north end
of Caillard Cut making up Las Cas-
cadas-Bas Obispo Reaches.
It is anticipated that most of this
material will be taken to the site of the
proposed Trinidad Dam and used in
construction of the dam. Completion of
this final phase of the widening project
is contingent upon budgetary consider-
ations, but its actual completion proba-
bly could be achieved in about 3 years
of intensified effort, Canal engineering
The fine points of a PERT chart are
explained by Kerry B. Magee of the Exe-
cutive Planning Staff. Magee trained more
than 400 Panama Canal employees in the
use of the new management control tool.
This chart was part of a larger one used to
organize the move of the Panama Canal
Printing Plant from Mount Hope to La
Boca-a complex job with a deadline.
A CANAL Zone housewife who makes
plans for a formal dinner party for 20
guests will carry out in her mind,
whether she knows it or not, a type of
project planning which her engineer or
manager husband would call PERT, and
which more and more Panama Canal
management, staff, engineer, and super-
visory personnel are using every day in
their respective jobs.
The housewife certainly has a project
when she must invite guests, plan an
elaborate dinner to feed 20 hungry
people, and line up extra help. She
undoubtedly figures out a way that
the program actually will be accom-
plished rather than a wav in which it
might be accomplished, wh h is one
of the first steps in the use ERT.
She lists the major activities be
completed i i ... .. .. 1 1 .. .
and the food assembled and csttes
the time necessary to comply each
activity. In her mind she willY determine
the expected time to make each dish,
clean the house and invite the guests
by combining optimistic time, the most
likely time, and pessimistic time. And
she will consider the servants and
This may be an over-simplified exam-
ple of a new management planning and
control tool which is being used by
business and Government organizations
in the United States, and is now being
employed more and more by the Canal
The letters P-E-R-T stand for Pro-
gram Evaluation and Review Tech-
nique, or as it has been explained by
the original advocates, a new technique
for planning any project that involves
a number of different tasks that must
PERT was developed in 1958 by a
management consultant firm working
with the Navy's Special Projects Office,
whose most pressing problem was get-
ting the Polaris submarine out to sea
at the earliest possible moment. It has
since won international acclaim as a
management "breakthrough" for saving
time and resources in the race for space.
"PERT has become so widely used
at present that it seems likely to outlive
Polaris for which it was designed,"
Willard Fraser, the father of the system,
said in an article on its origin.
He also described PERT as a man-
agement planning and control tool for
defining and integrating what must be
done to finish complex jobs in time to
meet a deadline.
Mrs. Frank Lerchen, whose husband is the
Panama Canal's Designing Engineer, has
been using Program Evaluation and Review
Technique unknowingly for years in her
daily duties as housewife, mother, and
hostess. Here she is putting the final
touches to a table set for a formal dinner
party-also a complex job with a deadline.
However it is described, PERT is
being used by nearly every Canal organ-
ization bureau to carry out various
projects. The name PERT crops up in
nearly every executive conference and
PERT charts appear on many office
A visitor to a management or official
planning conference who assumes a
dazed expression when he hears the
word PERT just isn't hep. PERT, he
will soon learn, is being recognized
these days as the management system
of the century and the first ever created
to incorporate uncertainty in planning
and to measure with any certainty the
current progress and the predicted prog-
ress for meeting not only R&D object-
ives, but also objectives of other types
of programs or projects.
Projects planned and carried out by
the PERT system range from the move
of the Printing Plant from Mount Hope
to La Boca, to the overhaul of a Naviga-
tion Division tug. It is being employed
now in the planning phases and will be
actually used when the time comes to
move Gorgas Hospital facilities, first
into the new hospital building in Ancon
and later, into the renovated A, B, and
The past year has been a probation
period for the implementation ot r ht
into the Panama Canal organizations.
However, from the results of the various
successful pilot projects, management
has been convinced that PERT is in-
deed a dynamic planning tool that can
assist managers at all levels in the
accomplishment of a particular task.
In the typical Stateside business
organization using this new system,
there always exists a hard core of dedi-
cated advocates of PERT who do the
"sales work," lay the ground rules for
their company, and set up training pro-
grams, and in general try to acquaint
both management and labor with this
planning concept. The Panama Canal
is no exception to this, as two men in
the Executive Planning Staff have done
just this sort of "pitch" work: Kerry B.
Magee and Noel C. Farnsworth. Both
men have attended PERT courses in
the States and are avid readers on the
subject of PERT. One needs to talk to
them for only a few minutes to realize
that they have a firm belief in PERT
and that it is the answer to many
To accomplish this mission of intro-
ducing the basic concepts of PERT and
to give up-to-date information on this
new management technique to Panama
Canal employees, courses have been
held during this past year for all levels
of management, including supervisory,
staff and engineering personnel. The
most successful of these occurred in Oc-
tober when a PERT Institute was held
for first-line supervisors who received
the training enthusiastically. In all,
more than 400 men and women em-
ployees have received training in PERT.
Major Ocean Ports
THE PORT OF LONDON is one of
the top 10 ports in the world. More than
56 million tons of cargo passed into, out
of, or through the port in 1962. This
included more than 43 million tons of
imports, over 10 million tons outward-
bound, and nearly 3 million tons on
.r- -.New quay cranes, heavy lift floating
"- ""derricks and other equipment modern-
ized or being modernized speed han-
dling of cargo for a nation which relies
heavily on raw materials and products
from other lands. Britain imports all its
oil, cotton, rubber, and sulfur, virtually
all its wool, half its food and iron ore
and large quantities of paper, tobacco,
and chemicals. There also are sizeable
imports of manufactured goods made
from these basic products.
Via "roll-on," "roll-off" vessels at the
Port of London docks, road vehicles
enter by ramps and on reaching the
continent are driven off to proceed to
their destination, literally an interna-
A number of the mobile cranes at
the docks are of special design. One
type, for example, has a long, curved
jib to permit high piling of long lengths
S/ Britain's merchant marine of approxi-
mately 203 million tons makes up about
eY- x 50 percent of active world shipping.
AV British shipyards have an estimated
Aerial view of the River Thames, showing the Tower Bridge and four of the five dock annual capacity of 13' million tons and
systems of the Port of London. build more than a third of the world's
Departure of the big P. and 0. passenger liner Himalaya
from the Tilbury Landing Stage. This floating jetty, 1,142
feet long, enables the largest ships using the port to come View of shipping in one of five main docks which comprise the West India
alongside at any state of the tide. The Himalaya has been & Millwall Docks group. Trade of these docks extends to North and South
a Panama Canal visitor several times recently on the America, East, West and South Africa, India, the Mediterranean, France,
England to Australia run. Spain, Portugal, Scandinavia, the Middle East, Far East, and Persian Gulf.
Cucaracha Signal Station, 352 feet above sea level at Contractor's Hill, served for almost half
through the Canal.
THE PANAMA Canal's Cucaracha Sig-
nal Station, after almost half a century
of continuous service, has been inacti-
vated, a victim of progress. Widening
of Gaillard Cut from 300 to 500 feet has
done what slides in 1918 were unable
to accomplish, and operation of Cuca-
racha Signal Station was discontinued
The Cucaracha Signal Station, on
Contractor's Hill, consisted of a small
concrete structure with telephone, desk
and chair inside, and mast with cones
and balls on it outside. Before the
Cut widening, this signal station was
important as an aid to navigation. The
widening of Gaillard Cut makes further
operation of this station unnecessary.
In its nigh 50 years of existence,
Cucaracha Signal Station has weathered
slides, rock falls, and several moves.
For the past 3 years this station has
been situated some 352 feet above sea
level at Contractor's Hill. But for many
years the station was located south of
its present site, low and close to the
water at an elevation of some 100 feet.
The history of Panama Canal signal
stations goes back to March 5, 1913,
when Capt. Hugh Rodman, first Marine
Superintendent of the Panama Canal,
advocated six signal stations in a report
on preliminary studies of the Canal he
submitted to Colonel Goethals.
Cucaracha Signal Station, at the foot
of Contractor's Hill, went into operation
in 1914 along with its sister stations.
The buildings were white, with red
roofs, in order "to attract the eye as far
as possible to aid navigation of ships
through the Canal." One of the signal-
man's duties, outlined in his responsi-
bilities, was "to report via telephone
when land slides occurred within his
vision and knowledge."
The 1918 slides at Gaillard Cut
resulted in Cucaracha Signal Station's
first move for, said a report,"The loca-
tion at the foot of Contractor's Hill was
a century as an aid to navigation of ships
too dangerous with rocks constantly
breaking and rolling down, endangering
the lives of men assigned there."
The temporary signal station struc-
ture was replaced in July 1923 with the
new Cucaracha Signal Station. Little
more than a year later, on November
24, 1924, this station was threatened
during a slide. A portion of the site of
old Cucaracha Village was buried and
the vicinity of the Cucaracha Signal
Station covered with mud and rocks
following torrential rains.
In May 1928 concrete structures were
recommended for all Panama Canal sig-
nal stations, "which were a source of
worry and required constant watching
and repair on account of ants."
The importance of the Cucaracha
Signal Station was recognized in 1930,
when a news report termed this one of
the vital installations along the Canal.
"From his position the signalman can
see a great distance through the cut
and it is his duty to report movements
of ships north- and southbound, and
record the time of each in his log. With-
out this station (Cucaracha) located here
there would be many accidents as the
channel is narrow and winding, and the
(See p. 15)
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Going 0 .
NOT LONG AGO, the United States
flag ship Monticello Victory, a behe-
moth with a beam of 102 feet and a
length of 736 feet, was "flooded" on
a surge of water out of Gatun Locks
and into the Canal channel leading to
It was not an emergency measure,
nor was there anything mechanically
wrong with the Monticello Victory.
The Panama Canal Marine Bureau
was making one of the first tests of
a new method of ejecting deeply laden
vessels from the lower chambers of
certain of the Panama Canal Locks.
The Monticello Victory was carrying
41,086 long tons of fuel oil from Cali-
fornia and had a draft of more than
The method, worked out by Capt.
1. C. Hay and Capt. R. L. Erixon, two
alert Panama Canal pilots, is proving
highly successful and has been termed
by Cov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., as "a
major breakthrough in one of the
Canal's tough shiphandling problems."
In simple language, it involves the
admission of water into the lower locks
chamber behind a departing supership
to create a flow of water out of the
chamber. The ship floats out into the
channel on a moving river of water.
Marine Bureau authorities believe
that the system will do much to expe-
dite the handling of very large vessels
in the locks and at the same time
eliminate damage sometimes caused
when the sides of a wide-beamed cargo
carrier rub against the lock chamber
Particular difficulty had been experi-
enced in moving the larger ships out
of the last lock chamber northbound at
Gatun and moving them out of the lock
chamber southbound at Pedro Miguel.
The technique requires that the ship
be placed well forward in the chamber.
After the water in the chamber has been
spilled to the level of Miraflores Lake,
or sea level, as the case may be, the
lower gates are opened and fully
recessed. As the ship moves forward,
aided by locomotives, water is admitted
into the end of the lock chamber behind
the ship's stern through the culverts, as
when normally flooding to lift a ship
into the chamber.
With water swirling astern, the lumbering bulk carrier Nagano, filled to the brim with a
record-breaking load of 49,332 long toos of coal, moves without a wobble from Pedro
Miguel Locks. Breaking for the fourth time her own Canal cargo records, the ship was on
her way last month from Norfolk, Va., to Japan. The new hydraulic assist method of moving
big beamed customers out of certain locks chambers was used on her with decided success.
The Nagano, a 757-foot-long Liberian flag vessel, carries iron ore from Peru to Baltimore
and coal from Norfolk to Japan. She is operated by the Marine Transport Line, Inc., and
is represented at the Canal by Wilford & McKay. On her next to last trip, in November,
she brought a whopping 48,771 tong tons of iron ore northbound from Peru. Her beam of
102 feet leaves little room to spare in the Panama Canal Locks.
. .Practically Gone
W ith r.. .C I.: ,.,.. .T,.:.rn .:. : ,.cu, i ,c..I
at the L.... l.:.r li.,r I ....lr ...l, IIr, it,i'
m oves ...I ...I I[..: ,: i, .L. r, I |l,,'L '.:.'" i .
the ce .I rl...i ,t ,i : i. rl-l, l iu'tl...i:L i
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not us....] 1: ii li hill th.: ..- l l, 1I-, r i
of the cr.:.
8 JANUARY 1964
T t.: ir or,:. :...I .:Ih ..r. ,Ir : the
..I.! .5 uil i ,, u r I,. i.l ] .,.,:... ..i- r,..l by
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lit. ;r:l.: r .I." ..I .. ,..I..,.. L be. ing
J. i,' '....I rt.. r.:,. ,,- ,I ,.: ,; ,]i .:. ed .
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9
I t -
The new El Faro (The Lighthouse) apart-
ment building on Manuel Jos6 Hurtado
Street in La Cresta, built by Constructora
MARTIN' ENTERPRISES is a closely
interlocked industrial combine that has
evolved out of Panama's growing con-
struction needs. Started in 1919 by
Louis Martinz, the concern has ex-
panded through the years, and now
comprises Compafia L. Martinz, S.A.,
Concrete, S.A., Aserradero El Chagres,
S.A., Constructora Martinz, S.A., and
These companies are engaged mainly
in the production of concrete and con-
crete fixtures, lumber, and heavy equip-
ment-all vital links in the construction
Compania L. Martinz, S.A., managed
directly by Mr. Martinz, is engaged in
the rental of heavy equipment, and,
mainly, in land developing, such as the
Las Cumbres real estate development,
a mid-way residence point between
Colon and Panama. Las Cumbres is a
tract consisting of more than 2,700
acres, with all modern living con-
veniences, besides a 1 square kilometer
artificial lake, recently added.
Concrete, S.A. has three plants pro-
ducing trans-mix concrete, concrete
pipes, pre-cast concrete, and pre-
stressed members. Manager of this
company is engineer Robert Zauner.
Aserradero El Chagres, S.A., on the
Trans-Isthmian Highway, the lumber
division of the combine, sells the only
lumber in Panama treated against ter-
mites and other wood boring insects.
The process is done in special cylinders
where the air is extracted from the
lumber, which is then impregnated
with special chemicals. Managing Ase-
rradero El Chagres, S.A. is Fernando
Constructora Martinz, S.A. is in the
actual construction business, has re-
cently built the El Faro Building in
La Cresta and the Chase Manhattan
Bank building. Beta, S.A. which deals
in building real estate, owns the
Aerial view of the recently completed Las Cumbres Lake, around which an attractive residential development is growing.
10 JANUARY 1964
Chase Manhattan Bank building in $1- -
front of the Panama Hilton, and other WNW
commercial buildings. 1
In Panama, Martinz' Enterprises has i "-
been a pioneer in good relations ..
between workers and business. A club
was formed by Empresas M artinz many
years ago for the benefit of the workers
and their families. The club members .
are the workers, its board of directors
consists of two employees from each of .. ....
the five companies, elected by their .
fellow members. The clubhouse has
been totally remodeled, with Empresas A-
Martinz footing the bill. There was a ~
big reopening ceremony in October.
The plans for the club renovation were -
the direct result of discussions between ".
employees and the enterprise. It has a "
large meeting and assembly hall, an
indoor sports room, a barber shop,
library, and dining room. One of the
library, and dining room. One of the Wood load about to enter the impregnating cylinders for processing of treated wood at
activities of the Club Unido de Empre- the Aserradero El Cbagres plant.
sas Martinz (CUEM) is the savings
cooperative, for which the enterprise
gives 6 percent interest, 3 percent more a
than the usual bank rates, in an effort
to teach the advantages of saving to
the workers. The softball league is one
of the most popular of club activities,
of five teams, each one represents one US
of the companies. The purpose of this *
league, besides the beneficial effects
derived of active participation in sports,
is to encourage friendship and unity
among the workers.
"We're really like a family," says -
Louis Martinz, Jr. "The employees are
almost totally the original ones hired
to fill the job when the different
Originator of this enterprise, Louis
Martin, a Panamanian citizen, was
originally from Carinthia, Austria. He
studied masonry as a young man, later
obtaining his degree as an engineer. ----"
He arrived in Panama to establish him-
self definitely in 1914 and has been in Jorge Ledezma, president of the Workers'
industry here ever since. Club, Louis Martinz, Jr., public relations
officer, and Manuel Vejas, Compaiiia Mar-
tinz officer, looking over reconstruction
work on the Martinz Employees Club.
Louis Martinz as he delivered a year-end
.. bonus check to one of Concreto, S.A.'s
I* I employees.
50 Year. c4go
AN END to the giant project of con-
structing the Panama Canal was in
sight. Steps were being taken toward
consolidation of the remaining work,
permanent townsites were being built,
and in Washington, D.C., President
Woodrow Wilson signed an Executive
Order which would abolish the Isthmian
Canal Commission in April 1914 and
authorize the President to complete,
operate and govern the Canal through a
governor to be appointed by the Presi-
dent with the advice and consent of
The first self-propelled vessel com-
pleted a passage through the Canal
from ocean to ocean on January 7. It
was the crane boat Alex LaValley which
had come to the Cut from the Atlantic
entrance. The boat passed through
Pedro Miguel locks at 9:30 a.m. and
Miraflores locks at 10:15 a.m., arriving
in the Pacific channel at 11:05. She
carried only the regular crew.
The first towing locomotive of the
order for 40 placed with the General
Electric Company arrived January 27
from New York aboard the SS Cristobal
It had been carried to the Isthmus on
the deck of the Cristobal in a special
cradle lashed to the No. 4 hold.
The Panama Canal Record of Jan-
uary 14 carried in full the rules for the
measurement of vessels using the Pan-
25 year c4go
AS WORLD WAR II drew closer in
Europe, the U.S. War Department in
Washington came out in favor of con-
struction of a third set of locks for the
Panama Canal. Secretary of War Harry
W. Woodring said that the new locks
would probably cost about $200 million
and would be used exclusively by the
Included in President Roosevelt's
emergency defense program was $27
million to be used for improvement of
the defenses of the Canal. President
Rooscvclt told newsmen that the United
States should assist Panama in concret-
ing the national highway and that he
was in favor of better highways for
Panama principally in the interests of
defense of the Canal.
Cov. C. S. Ridley of the Canal Zone
stressed in the annual report the need
for improvement and enlargement of
the Canal to increase its capacity and
the close relation of this project with
The Panama Canal operated on a
24-hour schedule in order to accomo-
date the U.S. fleet which arrived at
Balboa from California. Composed of
140 surface vessels and submarines
including 2 aircraft carriers, the fleet
was on its way to the Caribbean for
battle maneuvers which were to empha-
size the impregnability of the Navy's
defense of the Panama Canal against
to year c4go
WORK ON rebuilding of the Balboa
Flats area begun as Maintenance Divi-
sion forces moved into the area for
extensive grading and the relocation of
a section of Morgan Avenue. The $11/
million quarters reconstruction program
in Balboa Flats was one of the largest
single project in the fiscal year's housing
The Booz, Allen, and Hamilton
report on extra compensation paid
workers in the Canal Zone was pub-
lished. It made a number of recommen-
dations, several of which were later
Hospitalization insurance was made
available to employees of the Canal
organization with payroll deduction
service for payment of premiums.
EMPLOYEES who retired in Novem-
ber, with their positions at time of
retirement and years of Canal service:
Manuel Aguilar, Boatman, Locks Division
(Atlantic Side); 36 years, 2 months,
Martin Amador, Guard, Terminals Divi-
sion (Atlantic Side); 21 years, 6 months,
Vincent Biava, Chief Foreman Machinist
(Marine), Dredging Division; 23 years,
9 months. 14 days.
Russell T. Billion, Police Sergeant, Police
Division (Atlantic Side); 16 years, 11
months, 6 days.
Augustus 0. Blandford, Stevedore, Ter-
minals Division (Atlantic Side); 23 years,
6 months, 26 days.
Jose P. Brown, Helper Lock Operator,
Locks Division (Atlantic Side); 42 years,
12 months, 20 days.
Pedro R. Coco, Linehandler, Locks Divi-
sion (Pacific Side); 22 years, 10 months,
Philip L. Dade, Program Manager, Civil
Defense (Pacific Side); 26 years, 2
months, 11 days.
Ratan Dalap, Stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion (Atlantic Side); 33 years, 22 months.
James A. Dorsey, Lead Foreman, Railroad
Division (Atlantic Side); 27 years, 6
months, 26 days.
In Washington, D.C., the House of
Representatives approved a resolution
providing for increased cash relief pay-
ments for retired non-U.S. citizen
employees. The bill increased the maxi-
mum payments to retired employees
from $25 to $45 a month.
One Year 4 o
THE END of the 32-day dock strike
at east and gulf coast ports caused a
2-week delay in the second phase of the
periodic overhaul of Miraflores Locks.
Since the second phase would leave
Miraflores on one-lane service, it was
decided to wait until the surge of
shipping expected here following the
strike had been cleared before overhaul
The 22,000-ton nuclear-powered ship
Savannah arrived at the Canal from the
west coast and was docked at Balboa.
Visitors were allowed on board during
the 3-day stay in port. This was the sec-
ond visit of the Savannah to the Canal.
The Panama Canal Division of the
National Maritime Union of America
was extended official recognition by
the Panama Canal in accordance with
the executive order providing for
employee-management cooperation in
the Federal service.
Natalio Espinosa, Leader Stevedore, Ter-
minals Division (Pacific Side); 21 years,
1 month, 12 days.
Daniel Gardinier, Stevedore, Terminals
Division (Atlantic Side); 22 years, 3
months, 20 days.
Charles W. Harrison, Test Operator-Fore-
man (Mechanical), Electrical Division,
(Pacific Side); 33 years, 24 days.
Roy T. High, Supervisory Pharmacist,
Gorgas Hospital; 23 years, 9 days.
Alonzo Knight, Painter, Maintenance Divi-
sion (Atlantic Side); 39 years, 1 day.
Hip6lito Linarez, Linehandler, Locks Divi-
sion (Pacific Side); 22 years, 2 months,
Bently B. Murphy, Laborer (Heavy), Ter-
minals Division (Atlantic Side); 30 years,
Pedro J. Ruiz, Guard, Terminals Division
(Atlantic Side); 33 years, 1 month,
Reginald Small, Launch Operator, Naviga-
tion Division (Atlantic Side); 19 years,
9 months, 12 days.
Santiago Villareal, Helper Lock Operator,
Locks Division (Pacific Side); 24 years,
10 months, 24 days.
Douglas White, Messenger (Motor Vehicle),
Terminals Division (Pacific Side); 35
years, 17 months, 18 days.
(On the basis of total Federal Service)
Charles K. Cross
SUPPLY C UN
William F. A. Ifill
Robert K. Hanna
Garfield L. Alleyne
Helper Lock Operator
Edgar F. Bascombe
(Rope and Wire Cable)
Glynn L. Terrell
Towing Locomotive Oper:
Alejandro Navarro Lewis Callender
Laborer (Heavy) Truck Driver
Civi engineer ene CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
D ie Vilson Grady B. Hardison
Oie (Float g ant) Police Private
SUP L AN COMMUNITY I HEALTH BUREAU
E VIC REAU / Alexander Egudin
al Bruce V Supervisory Pharmacist
tant Commi Gustave Rawlins
Store Manager Leader Exterminator
Benito Ortiz Beatrice H. Simonis
ator Laborer (Heavy) Director of Nursing
NEW ORLEANS OFFICE
Mary W. Raymond
Kathyleen R. Miller
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Jose D. Altamar B.
Francisco E. Avila M.
Julio C. Castillo
O. A. de Alvarado
Aquilino de la Cruz
CAndido de los Rios
Enos Clifford Dean
Field Tractor Operator
Jeanne A. Ewars
Winston E. Grant
Motion Picture Projectionist
Ethel L. Hanssell
Silvia I. Hinds
Snack Bar Operator
Harold N. Lewis S.
Martin Mendoza hM.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Alejandro J. Perez P.
Theodora A. Powers
Geniva G. Ross
Jos6 H. Valdes
Easu E. Young
Leader Scrap Material
Asphalt or Cement Worker
Carl E. Barker
Leader Sea n
Clifford O. BI e
Oliver H. Brathwaite
Helper Lock Ope or
Orlis J. Bush
Linehand r (Deckhand)
Eustaquio Ga van
Asphalt or Cement Worker
William A. Gibbons
Isac N. Gordon
Helper Lock Operator
Donald J. Grimm
Lock Operator (Electrician)
Ram6n E. Guevara D.
Fitz H. Harding
Aston E. Heron
Arnold WV. Jackson
Control House Operator
Helper Lock Operator
Conrado E. Pimienta
Cement Finisher (Limited)
Glanville L. Wilson
(Rope and Wire Cable)
Jos6 M. Yangiiez
Regina T. Banister
Cart a hic Draftsman
up th ite
elper Ele ici
i(Power Pla t)
Leader Maint a eman
(Distributi S stems)
A ham He an z
Miguel A. Moreno Ai.
Charles L. NMussa
Jose O. Velasquez
Theodore A. Anderson
Jesis Bonilla A.
John C. Brown
Heavy Duty Equipment
Phillip A. Gill
Truck Driver (Heavy)
Fredrick A. Lawrence
Ruth C. Sawyer
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Joseph T. Kozlowski
Custodian, Postal and
A. G. Webster
Elementary Teacher, Latin
Clyde E. Alleyne
Martin Barrios D.
M. P. de los Rios
Food Service Worker
Helen F. Hoverson
Albert L. Phillips
Launch Operator (Small)
Deighton G. Standard
Ku P. Wing
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between November 5 and December 5
(within-grade promotions and job re-
classifications are not listed):
Cleveland C. Soper III, Photographic Lab-
oratory Technician (Still) to Photo-
graphic Laboratory Technician (Still)
(Chief, Reproduction Branch).
George G. Graffman, Passenger Rate Assist-
ant to Inspector (Household Goods
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Robin A. Boardman, Clerk-Stenographer,
Office of the Director, to Secretary
Michael Zombory, Administrative Services
Assistant, License Section, to Super-
visory Realty Specialist (Chief, License
Section), License Section, Land License.
Division of Schools
Emma L. Mason, Substitute Teacher, U.S.
Schools, to Teacher (Senior High-U.S.
Judith L. Turney, Substitute Teacher to
Teacher (Elementary-U.S Schools).
David A. Stanley, Leader Laborer (Cleaner)
to Lead Foreman Laborer (Cleaner).
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Raymond N. Shaw, Civil Engineer (Gen-
eral) to Supervisory Civil Engineering
Hugh M. Thomas, Jr., Shift Engineer
(Mechanical) to Test Operator-Foreman
Cosme Morales, Helper Cable Splicer to
Maintenanceman (Distribution Systems).
Frederick L. Walton, Jr., Engineer, Dipper
Dredge, to Chief Engineer, Towboat.
Jorge E. Aguas, Lock Operator (Machinist),
Locks Division, to Machinist (Marine).
Claude C. Jesse, Linehandlcr, Locks Divi-
sion, to Seaman.
Seldon E. Shamho, Maintenanceman to
Pedro GClvcz, Laborer (Cleaner), Supply
Division Retail Store Branch, to Laborer
Elmira J. Walton, Staff Nurse to Staff
Nurse (Leprosy), Palo Seco Leprosarium.
Rose N. Cohcn, Mary M. Mills, Staff
Nurse to Staff Nurse (Medicine and
Linda L. Frccland, Staff Nurse to Staff
Division of Sanitation
Justo M. Ayarza, Fermin Bosquez, Rail-
road Trackman, Hailroad Division, to
Laborer (Heavy-Pest Control).
August J. C. Egle, Pilot, Probationary, to
Earl A. Sayre, Joseph H. Thomas, Pilot-in-
Training to Pilot, Probationary.
Fred J. Ryan, Shipwright, Industrial Divi-
sion, to Lead Foreman (Harbor).
Calvin E. Bourne, Maintenanceman to
Victor M. Bricefio, Boilermaker to Lay-Out
Conrado V. Brown, Maintenanceman
(Boats) to Carpenter (Marine).
Marcus E. Hart, Helper (General) to Gaso-
line Engine Mechanic (Maintenance).
Angelo Stefani, Linehandler to Time-
Richard D. Brown, Joseph Burke, Truck
Driver to Truck Driver (Heavy).
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Edwin C. Mcllvaine, Accounting Assistant,
Supply Division, Office of General Man-
ager, to Accountant, Accounting Divi-
Dona T. Craig, Clerk-Typist, Motor Trans-
portation Division, to Clerk-Typist,
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Alberto L. Brown, Clerk, Electrical Divi-
sion, to Timekeeper, Community Serv-
Ucaston A. Barclay, Leader (Dairy Utility)
to Leader Maintenanceman.
Eliott F. Brathwaite, Painter (Sign), Main-
tenance Division, to Sales Clerk.
Nemesio D. Dixon, Linehandler, Locks
Division, to Warehouseman.
Dorril D. Dorman, Laborer (Cold Storage)
to Laborer (Heavy-Cold Storage).
Sabino John, Laundry Worker (Heavy) to
Extractor and Tumblerman.
Maria M. Lewis, Meat Wrapper to Grocery
Estela Mitchell, Assistant Baker to Baker.
Romelio O'Neill, Helper (General) to Tool-
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Granville C. Lewis, Timekeeper to Super-
Rudolph A Brissett, Frank S. Johnson,
Stevedore to Winchman.
Justo J. Earlington, Manuel R. Echeverria,
Abraham Espino, Guillermo Estrada, Jr.,
Lucas Flores, Domingo Grant, Cyril M.
Harper, Manuel B. Herrera, Jose D.
Martinez, Jos6 M. Maza, Francisco
P6rez, Dock Worker to Stevedore.
John J. Christopher, Linehandler, Locks
Division, to Dock Worker.
Motor Transportation Division
William T. Hampton, Leader Automotive
Machinist to Lead Foreman (Automotive
Kenneth A. Thompson, Leader Automotive
Machinist, to Lead Foreman Automo-
Aurelio Perez, Truck Driver to Guard.
Domingo J. Bonilla, Woodworth R. Drau-
ghon, Albert E. Hatch, Jr., Truck Driver
to Truck Driver (Heavy).
Arthur J. Edwards, Helper Automotive
Machinist to Materials Handling Equip-
ment Repairman (Maintenance).
Agustin Diaz, Sylvester E. Lessey, Helper
(General) to Materials Handling Equip-
ment Repairman (Maintenance).
OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not
involve changes of title:
Luther B. Sartain, Jr., Supervisory General
Engineer (Chief, Electrical-Mechanical
Branch), Engineering Division.
Macon W. Foscue, Supervisory Electrical
Engineer (General), Engineering Divi-
John R. Hammond, Jr., Supervisory Me-
chanical Engineer (General), Engineer-
Donald W. Date, Willard E. Gwilliam,
Edmund R. MacVittie, Architect, Engi-
Jimmy R. Givens, Budget Analyst, Gorgas
Maxine A. Cawl, Arden L. Swisher, Super-
visory Timekeeper, Navigation Division.
Malcolm J. Stone, Admeasurer, Navigation
Kira V. Yepes, Clerk-Typist, Coco Solo
READERS OF THE PANAMA CANAL
REV1EW who would like to have
friends or relatives receive the
REVIEW are urged to subscribe for
the additional copies by mailing $1
to "THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW,
Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z." The
subscriptions are handled by the
Communications and Records Sec-
tion in the basement of the Adminis-
tration Building at Balboa Heights.
Mail subscriptions arc sent directly
from the La Boca Printing Plant to
the addressee, thus avoiding addi-
tional expense and bother for those
sending them, many of whom have
in the past handled the mailing
themselves. The airmail subscription
rate is $4.35 a year.
(Continued from p. 7)
ships cannot see each other in time to
avoid collisions. The station, by use of
balls and cones, advises the pilots where
ships will meet as well as the number
to be met," the report explained.
The signals used in dispatching boats
through the Canal are found nowhere
else in the world, the report said, and
only the workmen and pilots who come
under the port captain's office need
know their meaning.
Three years later, in 1933, the signal
system used at the Panama Canal signal
stations was described in an official
report as the most archaic feature of the
Canal and a more modernized system
In 1941 came Pearl Harbor and black-
outs, and special instructions for the
Panama Canal signal stations. No lights,
other than signal lights ordered by the
dispatcher, were permitted. Obstruc-
tion, residence, and all other lights had
to be off, and as soon as the signal
lights served their purpose, these, too,
were turned off.
Abandonment of the Cucaracha Sig-
nal Station was proposed about 10 years
ago. The Cut widening made the pro-
posal a reality, and on December 7,
1963, the Cucaracha Signal Station
building was abandoned.
The only signal stations now in oper-
ation on the Canal are the La Pita and
Gamboa stations, Flamenco station at
the entrance to the harbor on the
Pacific side, and a station atop pier 6
Schedule of Cristobal for 1964
Mon. Jan. 13
Tues. Jan. 28
Wed. Feb. 12
Tues. Feb. 25
Tues. Mar. 10
Tues. Mar. 31
Tues. Apr. 14
Sun. Jan. 5
Sun. Jan. 19
Sun. Feb. 2
Mon. Feb. 17
Sun. Mar. 1
Sun. Mar. 15
Sun. Apr. 5
Sun. Apr. 19
Sun. May 3
*Thurs. May 14
*Mon. May 25
*Sat. June 6
*Thurs. June 18
*Wed. July 1
*Sun. July 12
Thurs. July 23
Mon. Aug. 3
Sun. Aug. 16
Thurs. Aug. 27
Mon. Sept. 7
Fri. Sept. 18
Mon. Oct. 5
Mon. Oct. 19
Sun. Nov. 1
Sun. Nov. 15
Sun. Nov. 29
Sun. Dec. 13
Thurs. Jan. 9
Thurs. Jan. 23
Thurs. Feb. 6
Fri. Feb. 21
Thurs. Mar. 5
Thurs. Mar. 19
Thurs. Apr. 9
Thurs. Apr. 23
Thurs. May 7
Mon. May 18
Fri. May 29
Wed June 10
Mon. June 22
Sun. July 5
Thurs. July 16
Mon. July 27
Fri. Aug. 7
Thurs. Aug. 20
Mon. Aug. 31
Fri. Sept. 11
Tues. Sept. 22
Fri. Oct. 9
Fri. Oct. 23
Thurs. Nov. 5
Thurs. Nov. 19
Thurs. Dec. 3
Thurs. Dec. 17
Preference for passage on these trips will be given to teachers and the employees with
children of school age traveling with them.
THIS MONTH QUIET
AND FIRST AID HOSPITAL| t. I
NOVEMBER CASES CASES ABSENT
'63 '62 '63 '62 '63 '62
ALL UNITS 202 246 14 16 374 499
YEAR TO DATE 2603(36) 2697 181(9) 119 22497(998)9015
() Locks Overhaul injuries Included In total.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
New French Freighter
AN ADDITION to the Black Diamond
Steamship Co. round-the-world cargo
ship service arrived at the Canal during
December from New York and sailed
for the Far East. She was the French-
flag Capraia, built in the yards of Chan-
tiers Navale de la Ciotat, France, in
1963 for the Compagnie Maritime des
Chargers Reunis. The 18.5-knot cargo
liner has cargo and refrigerated space,
heavy lift derricks and air-conditioned
accommodations for 12 passengers. She
is the first of three new vessels being
built for the Far East trade and will be
followed within a few months by the
MV Cypria. These ships were built as
replacements for three older vessels
now being operated by the Black
Diamond Co. on a round-the-world
service, according to Norton Lilly,
agents here for the line.
IT WILL BE "Operation Shoe Horn"
for the Panama Canal this month when
the giant San Juan Prospector, a super
tanker-ore carrier, arrives from Trinidad
for transit. One of the largest vessels
ever to transit the Canal, the San Juan
Prospector is 835 feet long and 106.4
feet in beam.
This makes her longer than any other
commercial cargo ship to transit except
the Orion Hunter, and wider than any
in this class except the Sinclair Petro-
lore. Her summer deadweight is a
TRANSITS BY OCEANGOING
VESSELS IN NOVEMBER
U.S. Government .........
U.S. Government. 81,964
Commercial ... 5,398,696
U.S. Government. 56,540
Free .......... 9,530
Includes tolls on all vessels, oceangoing and
-oCargo figures are in long tons.
record-breaking 71,308 tons and her
estimated Panama Canal net tonnage
about 37,800 tons-higher than any
other commercial customer in the past,
including the famous old Bremen.
The tanker-ore carrier has an inter-
national background. She was built at
the Mitsui Shipbuilding and Engineer-
ing Yards in Japan in 1962, sails under
a Liberian flag, and is owned by San
Juan Carriers. According to her agents,
Boyd Bros., she is due to arrive in
Cristobal January 21 from Trinidad and
will go through the Canal immediately
on her way to Peru to load a cargo of
iron ore for Japan.
The Canal bade farewell to a regular customer last month. Capt. Ernest B. Rainier, right,
acting chief of the Navigation Division, presents Capt. Carlo Kirn, master of the Amerigo
Vespucci, a Panama Canal transit certificate honoring the final transit of his ship through
the Canal. At left is Capt. Allesandro Zerega, manager of the Italian Line in Cristobal.
The Amerign Vespucci was the last of three Italian Liners to be removed from the European-
west coast of South America run and replaced by new passenger vessels.
SOME of the ships using the Panama
Canal have what might be called
checkered careers. None could be more
checkered or full of past glory than the
185-foot Mizpah, which is now owned
by the Merren Shipping Co., is regis-
tered in Honduras, and makes regular
trips through the Canal with bananas.
Although she is now reduced to cargo
class vessel, the Mizpah was built in
1926 by the Newport News Shipbuild-
ing and Dry Dock Co. as a luxury yacht.
Originally named the Savarona, the
yacht was constructed at a cost of
nearly $300,000 for Richard M. Cad-
walader, whose wife was the grand-
daughter of the builder of the Brooklyn
Bridge. The Savarona had a Sperry
gyroscope aboard, an unusual device
for a ship of this type. She later passed
into the hands of James Elverson, owner
of the Philadelphia Enquirer, who
renamed her Mizpah.
According to a brief history printed
in a recent issue of the "Shipyard Bul-
letin," the ship was purchased in 1929
by E. F. McDonald, Jr., president of
the Zenith Radio Corp., and 13 years
later passed into the hands of the U.S.
Navy, commissioned as a patrol yacht,
converted for wartime duty and oper-
ated in the Eastern Sea Frontier. She
completed 21 escort missions between
New York and Key West from 1942 to
1944 carrying the escort commander's
flag during the last 4 voyages.
In 1944 the yacht was assigned to
the Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Training
Base at Little Creek, Virginia. She was
used primarily for navigation instruc-
tion purposes and spent much of her
time in Chesapeake Bay. Before her
war career was over, the Mlizpah served
as flagship, commander destroyers, U.S.
Atlantic Fleet. When the war ended,
the vessel was decommissioned and in
1947 passed under Honduran registry.
Some other former yachts now
making regular transits through the
Canal on the banana carrying trade
include the Crystal, built as the Vida in
Wilmington, Calif., in 1930 and the
Vanda, built in 1928 in Bath, Maine,
as the San Bernardino. The Vanda,
undergoing overhaul in Jacksonville,
Fla., received a certificate in 1958 for
making the most transits during the
fiscal )ear. She came in second in 1960.
16 JANUARY 1964
UrVERSITY Of FLORIDA
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