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 Front Cover
 Front Matter
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Title: Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00077
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publication Date: November 1963
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097366
Volume ID: VID00077
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
 Related Items
Other version: Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Front Matter 3
        Front Matter 4
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Back Matter
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Back Cover
        Page 21
        Page 22
Full Text














UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES




















Digitized by the Internet Archive


University


in 2010 with funding from
of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


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ROBERT J. FLEMING. JR., Governor-President
DwviD S. PaRKER, Lieutenant Governor
FRiNK A. BALDWIN
Panama Canal Information Officer


Official Panama Canal Publication
Published monthly at Balboa Heights. C.Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, La Boca. C.Z.
Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Employees


ROBERT D. KERR, Press Officer
Publications Editors
ROBERT D. KERR and JULIO E. BRICENO
Editorial Assistants
EUNICE RICHARD, TOBI BITTEL,and TO.MAS A. CUPAS


Proclamation

Whereas mutual understanding, respect and friendship
have existed between the peoples of the Republic
of Panama and the Canal Zone since the Republic
proclaimed her independence 60 years ago; and
Whereas the people of Panama are playing an increas-
ingly important role in the operation and maintenance of
the Panama Canal; and
Whereas the people of the Canal Zone desire to give
due recognition to their neighbors in the Republic and
are in harmony with their aspirations for a way of life
which dignifies the individual and promises political,
economic and spiritual well being;
Now, Therefore, I, ROBERT J. FLEMING, Jr., Gov-
ernor of the Canal Zone, do hereby invite all the people
of the Canal Zone to take part in celebrating with
Panama the 60th anniversary of her Independence on
November 3, 1963.
I request all agencies of the Panama Canal to encour-
age, foster, and participate in the observance. I especially
encourage our schools, libraries, churches and religious
bodies, civic, service and patriotic organizations, and our
learned and professional societies to participate in the
observance as appropriate, all to the end of enriching
our knowledge and appreciation of the history of the
neighboring Republic.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the Canal Zone
to be affixed at Balboa Heights, Canal Zone this
Ist day of November, 1963.





Governor.

By the Governor:



Executive Secretary.


THE REPUBLIC OF PANAMA will dedicate 4 days to
observance of the 60th anniversary of Its independence,
honoring the fathers of the country, and reaffirming the
nation's faith in democracy and love of liberty.
November 2 is Memorial Day, for remembrance of
the dead.
November 3 is greeted by a "reveille" of bugles from
one end of the capital city to the other. Immediately
afterward, a traditional parade is held, centering around
Independence Plaza.
November 4 is set aside to honor the national banner
of Panama. U.S. Armed Forces stationed in the Canal
Zone join in these celebrations.
November 5 is Colon Day, with that city holding the
national attention with celebrations gaining yearly in
fervor and solemnity.



Index
Open Spaces Gone---------- ------------ 3
Big, Big Diggers--------------------------- 4
Isthmus Commerce __--_-- -------6------- 6
Presidents on Parade__ 8----------------- 8
Telephoning by Cable-- --------- 10
Promotions and Transfers ___ _-------- 12
Canal History----------- ----------------- 13
Anniversaries _ ------------- ---- 14
Shipping_-------------- -------------- 15


ON OUR COVER: First, open THE REVIEW SO that both
front and back covers show. The imposing towers of the
Cathedral in Panama City flank the majestic Thatcher
Ferry Bridge, linking the Americas,
S' t" \ which was dedicated last October. The
Cathedral, completed in 1730, pre-
dated by nearly 2V- centuries the inde-
pendence of Panama, which seceded
from Colombia November 3, 1903, and
thus marks its birthday Sunday. The
picture was taken by Luis C. Salazar
of San Francisco de la Caleta, Aptdo.
S3062, Panama City, where he has
resided 25 years. Mr. Salazar has been
Mr. Salazar interested in photography, and has
been taking pictures, for about 20 years. If you try to find
out where lie took the picture from, he declares it is a
"military secret." Mr. Salazar was born and educated in
Colon and labels himself as semi-retired.


NovEMBER 1963


































PANAMA

CITY


44 More Years
280,000 More People


From Ancon Hill ...... 1919

LESS THAN HALF a century ago
thousands of acres around Panama City
were mere wasteland. The city's popula-
tion was less than 98,000 in 1919. It's
now estimated in excess of 380,000 and
the former "wasteland" is filled with
residences and commercial, industrial,
and public buildings.
The striking change in Panama City
would be unbelievable to many de-
parted "old timers." In the 1919 picture
above, the outer rim of houses then
clustered around the Panama Railroad
tracks and on Via Espafia is clearly
visible, with open fields and patches
of jungle beyond.
In the picture below, the only open
land or jungle visible are in the fore-

From Ancon Hill ...... 1963


ground, with trees obscuring the old
Ancon Hospital area. But Panama City
has leapfrogged suburbs into the dim
distance. The pictures are graphic evi-
dence of the transformation of the area
from small city status, dependent almost
solely on activities related to Panama
Canal shipping, into a metropolitan area
with increasingly diversified industrial,
commercial, and tourism enterprises.
Millions of dollars a year still are
contributed to Panama and Panama
City's economy by Canal Zone employ-
ment, contracts, purchases, and Zone
residents' shopping trips, but the lure of
the city and independent industrial
and commercial growth are playing an
ever-increasing role.














Comfortably standing in a 15-cubic yard
dipper dredge bucket, 28 Dredging Divi-
sion employees on a platform hung halfway
down inside the dipper afford a graphic
idea of the bucket's size. Actually they are
reenacting a scene recorded in a photo-
graph taken nearly 50 years ago when the
dipper dredges Paraiso and Gamboa were
new, exceeding in size and power any
other dredge in the world. The Paraiso is in
inactive reserve at the Dredging Division,
Gamboa. The dredge Gambna was sold
some years ago and left the Isthmus. The
Cascadas, which arrived in the Canal Zone
in 1915, is still at work.


Mountainous slides plagued Canal Con-
struction, delayed opening of the Canal,
and even closed it for many months after
it was officially opened. Such sights as this
were all too common, with steam shovels
upended or virtually buried, and railroad
tracks twisted like rubber bands when
millions of yards of earth and rock started
to move without warning.


Big Big Diggers





THE GREAT PERIOD when world
dredging records were toppled month
after month are part of early Panama
Canal history, but two of the mighty
dredges that made and broke records
are still in Panama Canal Dredging
Division service.
The oldest 15-yard dipper dredge on
the Isthmus is the Paraiso, ordered by
the Isthmian Canal Commission in
1914, when the problem of keeping the
Canal open to traffic loomed the biggest,
and the task of clearing away the slides
appeared in its most formidable light.
The Paraiso was preceded to the
Isthmus by the Gamboa, which was
sold some time ago. The two were the
largest machines of the type ever built
up to that time. They were ordered from
the Bucyrus Co., were built and par-
tially erected on the Hudson River at
Newburg, N.Y., and towed to Colon,
re-erected and put into service. Such
satisfactory results were achieved that
a third dredge, the Cascadas, was con-
tracted for in January 1915. It, too, still
is in service.
Each dredge has a displacement of
about 1,500 tons; boom with machinery
weighs about 113,000 pounds; and the
dipper handle weighs 81,000 pounds.
The big 15-yard dipper dredges
were used in battling the slides during
that strenuous period between 1914
and 1916. Much remained to be done
in widening, deepening, and keeping
open the Canal, particularly at points
immediately north and south of Gold
Hill and Contractor's Hill areas, points
directly opposite each other and com-
prising the Cucaracha, East and West
Culebra Slides, an area as treacherous
then as during the construction period.
The Canal was opened to commerce
on August 15, 1914. The year 1915 was
notable for the big slide. The Canal was
closed a total of 216 days and the
dredges were in constant danger of
grounding due to the ever changing
depths of water as a result of the
upward action of the slides from the
bottom.
They finished removal of the slide
material near Contractor's Hill, how-
ever, and the waterway was reopened
April 15, 1916.
It never has been closed since.



The dredge Paraiso, now in the Dredging
Division's inactive reserve fleet, was one of
the largest of its type built in 1914 and
was one of the first 15-yard dipper dredges
to go into Panama Canal service. On Octo-
ber 4, 1915 the Paraiso smashed all
previous dredge records-17,186 cubic
yards in' 24 hours. Records also show the
Paraiso had averaged 10,445 cubic yards
per day for 13 working days. This record
was broken the following year by the
Cascadas.

TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5


-



Partially framed by its own pontoon pipeline, the big suction dredge Mindi is shown as it
was at work on dredging operations recently in Balboa Harbor. Except for brief periods,
the Mindi has been in continuous service since it joined the Dredging Division fleet in 1943.
It was used on dredging operations in connection with the Third Locks project, but since
then has been engaged principally on removing accumulated silt from the Canal channel
and outer harbors.


The record-breaking Cascadas shown at work at the mouth of Mandinga River taking off
Mandinga Flare, which has been a navigational hazard for years, was placed in commission
in October 1915. In February 1916 the Cascadas made her great record output, which still
stands as the Panama and probably the world's record for a dipper dredge, excavating
23,305 cubic yards of hard material in 24 hours. The Cascadas' average output for 13 days
was 13,054 cubic yards, which broke the Paraiso's record of October 1915. In setting the
dipper dredge record, the Cascadas averaged over 1,002 cubic yards an hour, or 25 tons
per minute.





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A Chase customer has a roundup on the occasion of a visit to the Isthmus by George
Champion, chairman of the Board of Directors of Chase Manhattan Bank.


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Plaza Cinco de Mayo branch of Chase,
which opened in 1952, succeeded the
Cathedral Plaza branch.












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Via Espafia branch at 120
Via Espafa, Panama City.


ISTHMUS
COMMERCE





Chase



Manhattan



IN 1915, THE YEAR after the Panama
Canal was opened to commercial traffic,
an American bank opened its doors in
Cristobal, C.Z. It was the Commercial
National Bank of Washington, D.C.
In those days the economic life of
Panama was almost entirely dependent
on the activities resulting from the
operation and maintenance of the Canal
and the geographical position of Pan-
ama as an international transit center.
Since then, many things have hap-
pened. The bank has had several name
changes: first to the American Foreign
Banking Corp. in 1917, then to the
Chase National Bank in 1925, and in
1955 to the Chase Manhattan Bank
as it is known today. The original office
in Cristobal was followed by new
branches in Panama City, Colon,
Balboa, David, and Chitre.
Establishment of these branches over
the years and the evolution of local
banking came as a direct consequence
of the growth and increase in economic
activity throughout the Republic.
At the outset this was an organiza-
tion for financing ships' transit through
the Canal and for servicing of shipping
and such international trade as accrued
to Panama from these activities. It
developed with the years and with the
changes in the structure of the economy
of the Republic into a financial institu-
tion engaged in the broadest and most
diversified types of banking transac-
tions-all aimed at the development of
commerce, industry, and agriculture.
Growth and expansion of the bank
throughout the Republic reflects the
changes in the economic life of Pan-
ama. First an organization engaged in
financing of shipping and of imports
for the merchants on Central Avenue
and Front Street, Chase Manhattan
now, in the wide and varied scope of
its activities, is truly representative of
all phases of the economy of the
Isthmus.

6 NOVEMBER 1963















The Chase Manhattan branch at David.


With its network of local branches,
it covers all nine Provinces of the
Republic and the Canal Zone, with a
range from the big industry, the mer-
chant and the shipping agent in the
terminal cities to the modest business
in the rural centers; from the cattle
rancher in the valleys and plains to the
coffee grower in the highlands.
The Chase Manhattan Bank has con-
tributed and is continuing to contribute
to the growth and diversification of
local commerce and production. Here
one of the largest banks in the world
is giving a practical demonstration of
what private enterprise can do for the
economic development of a country
and of its honest, hard working, and
enterprising people.


-

Louis A. G6mez, vice president of Chase
Manhattan Bank in charge of Isthmian
operations.


In the fields of animal husbandry
and agriculture, especially, Chase Man-
hattan extends not merely a banking
service, but an educational service.
With a staff of eight technicians, agro-
nomists, and animal husbandry men,
the bank has been a major factor in
improvement of the cattle industry and
of farming operations on the Isthmus
by laying down planned programs for
its customers throughout the interior.
This program has attracted such
attention that Chase's technicians have
been invited to assist and advise similar
institutions in planning comparable
programs in Venezuela, Santo Domingo,
and Trinidad.
Visitors also have come from neigh-
boring countries to study the supervised
credit program prepared for cattle
ranchers in Panama.
Chase Manhattan also is, at its
Balboa branch, a depository of public
moneys of the United States, playing
a part in attending to the banking needs
of the Canal organization, of units of
the Armed Forces of the United States,
and of their individual employees and
members.
Louis A. G6mez, vice president of
Chase in charge of Isthmian operations,
says:
"We are a United States bank which
has identified itself with the country
and with its economic needs. It is as
true in Panama as it is in New York
that you have a friend at Chase
Manhattan. And on the Isthmus the
bank has shown that constructive and
imaginative banking aimed at the
development of the local economy is
sound business."


Above, a busy day, at month's end, at
Plaza Cinco de Mayo branch. Below, an
interior view at the Chitre branch, with
R. D. Carries, Jr., of Chase Panama talking
to customers and prospective customers.


A'


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


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shoun bang gttcd e b la Guardia Jr, ,nalso w.
de la Guardia, Jr., also wi


Above, Panama's President Dr. Juan De-
m6stenes Arosemena visits U.S. President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt aboard the
Navy ship which brought President
Roosevelt to the Isthmus for a visit.


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i, ih,.,* ho I ..ire I.. Irh- l. n-.i hI I -e hi I.
\r.,a E .pn.-.a, "ulh fr, id,.r.il.EIr. Efrnerl
g to extend a welcome.


PARADE OFIPRESIDENTS


Below, U.S. President and Mrs. Dwight D.
Eisenhower welcome the then President
of Panama and Mrs. Jos6 Antonio Rem6n
on the steps of the White House during
a visit to Washington, D.C., by the
Panama President.


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CORDIAL RELATIONS between the Chief
Executives of the Republic of Panama and the
United States have been highlighted by meet-
ings dating back to the time the 26th U.S.
President conferred with the first President
of the Republic during a visit to tie Isthmus.
Use of the designation "president" is some-
thing of a misnomer, as those holding the
highest office rarely preside. Thus, chief
executive is a more properly descriptive title.
In this capacity, the duties are multitudi-
nous and complex, in many instances being

On November 15, 1906, when the Republic of I
Roosevelt made his historic visit to the Isthmus, I
Amador Guerrero, with whom he appears on tle
time a U.S. chief executive had left the Unite



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Above, President Roberto F. Chiari of
Panama with U.S. President John F.
Kennedy during a visit to Washington by
the Panama President.


iltperisioan of-and responsibility for-admin-
istrative appointees to whom authority has
been delegated.
, The mission of presidents: To do the right
as they see the right; to chart and steer a course
of progressive leadership without domination:
and to safeguard personal rights, ever mindful
that just powers ore derived only through
consent of the governed.
Some of the historic meetings of the Pres-
idents of the United States and the Republic
of Panama are pictured on these pages.

a was but 3 years old, U.S. President Theodore
ing with Panama's first President, Dr. Manuel
Ips of Panama City's Cathedral. It was the first
lates to visit another country while in office.




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Below, during a visit to Panama, President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt rides in the
presidential open car with Panama Pres-
ident Dr. Ilarmonio Arias and Mrs. Arias.

















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'1


This is a bank of echo suppressors at the I.T.T.-C.A.C.&R.
Coaxial Terminal building in Balboa. Vice President
and General Manager Harry J. Sinnott, left, watches
Engineering Supervisors Rodolfo E. Salas and Felix G.
Martincz, right, check wires to assure that telephone users
in Panama and the Zone have as clear connections to the
United States and Europe as to a neighbor next door.


After each individual wire is joined to its mate, the splice is covered with
a protective lead sleeve. The cable makes most of its journey in the Panama
Canal cable duct which follows the Panama Railroad right-of-way. Each
time the tracks change direction there is a manhole for access to the duct,
and at each manhole, a splice. Even on straightaways there are splices
about every 300 yards.


Communications Saga: Cable Talk


THROUGH cooperative arrangements
concluded last month between private
Panamanian and United States enter-
prise, the Republic of Panama and the
Canal Zone, Isthmian telephone users
now can telephone the United States,
Canada, Western Europe, Hawaii,
Puerto Rico, and Bermuda by cable.
Opening of the new coaxial cable
system, first of its kind in Latin America,
marks nearly a century of electrical
communication on the Isthmus, and
once again makes Panama a "cross-
roads," this time in electronics; a bridge
for hemisphere communications as well
as for world commerce.
The electric telegraph first came to
the Isthmus as a service of the Panama
Railroad, which, while under construc-
tion, depended on the semaphore but
switched to the new invention shortly
after it had been proved. A picture in
Ilarper's Magazine of San Pablo station
in 1855 shows two wires strung above
the tracks.
The first submarine cable between
the United States and Cuba was com-


pleted in December 1866 by the Inter-
national Ocean Telegraph Co., founded
by James A. Scrymser, who was later
to organize the All America Cables and
Radio system. Five months earlier,
Cyrus \W. Field's Atlantic Cable Co.
had opened a 2,000-mile cable between
England and Newfoundland. By linking
the services of the two cables, Panama
was separated from Europe only by the
time of a ship's passage from Cuba.
Pushing ahead under powers of
attorney from the International Ocean
Telegraph Co., William G. Fargo and
Gen. E. S. Stanford brought a cable
from the West Indies to Panama in
1870-just a few months after comple-
tion of the Union Pacific Railroad across
the United States. Opening of the trans-
continental railroad brought an eco-
nomic slump to Panama, which was then
no longer the quickest route between
the United States and the gold fields
of the west.
Amid great fanfare at Aspinwall
(Colon), inauguration of the new cable
shared honors with the unpacking and


unveiling of the bronze statue of
Columbus and the indian girl which
has since become a landmark of the
Atlantic side. But, despite the purple
prose of the ceremonies, no words
flowed over the wire. The cable ship
on its return passage lost its cargo in
500 fathoms. The Atlantic cable, under
repair for the seventh time since its
inception 4 years before, also was silent.
Meanwhile, Scrymser was embarking
on ventures which were to form the
nucleus of All America Cables and
Radio. In 1878 he incorporated the
Mexican Cable Co. with a line across
the Gulf of Mexico from Galveston to
Vera Cruz. A year later, with the
Central and South American Cable Co.,
he extended services across the Isthmus
of Tehuantepec and down the Pacific
Coast to South America via Panama
City.
The direct service provided by the
4,637 miles of submarine cables and
land lines was an instant success. With
increasing Latin American trade, stimu-
lated in part by the new cable system,


NOVEMBER 1963









A month's special training of already
expert technicians was required to learn
complexities of the new type coaxial cable
laid across the Isthmus. Here Julio Petrich,
Mateo Klein, and Adam Preisach are
shown practicing before starting on the
360 splices completed in September
between Fort Sherman and Balboa.





the companies' business and coverage
steadily expanded. Between 1890 and
1893, 5,298 miles of land and sea cables
were added, linking most important
points in Central and South Amer-
ica, including undersea lines laid in
1882, 1913, and 1926 from Panama
to Valparaiso.
Increasing traffic congestion led to
initiation of an all-cable route from New
York to Guantanamo, Cuba, and then
to Colon. This "via Colon" route was
completed in August 1907, as U.S.
construction effort on the Canal moved
toward its peak.
Opening of the Canal in August 1914
marked an epoch in the development
of Latin American trade that soon
was reflected in the cable companies'
volume. This and the increased traffic
burden resulting from the outbreak of
war in Europe made a second New
York-Colon cable necessary. Opened in
August 1915, the new cable insured the
"via Colon" route against interruption
and increased the efficiency of the
service. In 1927 International Tele-
phone and Telegraph Corp. acquired
a controlling interest in A.A.C. &R.,
adding its worldwide lines to the
system.
Occasional difficulties still occurred
on the cables, but at least one usually
remained in operation. Certain interrup-
tions added to scientific knowledge of
sperm whales.
In 1933 the crew of the repair ship
All America, sent to fix a break nearly
3.000 feet down, found the trouble too
strong for noses or stomachs. The cause
came up with the cable-a 47-foot
sperm whale had entangled himself and
was snared by his lower jaw, flippers,
and flukes. The crew reported that the
monster descended to scrape the bar-
nacles off its belly, and, unable to
back, was trapped.
Sperm whale had long been known
to feed on giant squid which hunt in the
darkness of the ocean depths, but until
then scientists had questioned that an
air-breathing mammal such as a whale
could dive so deep for his dinner.


But the All America dangled the
proof, and later fished up additional
evidence from over 4,500 feet.
Despite all the cables encircling the
globe, there were major inadequa-
cies. Transmission over long distances
beneath the oceans was limited to an
improved form of the dot-dash system
developed by Samuel F. B. Morse;
direct voice communication could not
be transmitted over submarine cables.
Development of radio communica-
tions partially solved the problem with
radio-telephone service substituting for
cable telephone service. But the naked
human voice, bounced around the curve
of the earth's enveloping ionosphere,
often must compete with such awe-
some sounds as solar eruptions, the
exploding of stars, and the collision
of galaxies. These interruptions are
what has made transoceanic telephon-
ing, until recently, an uncertain and
frequently frustrating experience.
Finally, however, came the scientific
and technological breakthrough which
produced reliable submerged repeaters
capable of providing dependable voice
transmission. In 1948 I.T.T. and Amer-
ican Telephone and Telegraph Co.
laid cables with submerged repeaters
between Key West, Fla., and Cuba. In
1956 Europe and America were linked
by voice beneath the Atlantic.
Since then, improvements have been
made which made the telephone cables
even more dependable. Th new coaxial
system now provides the Republic of
Panama and the Canal Zone with elec-
tronic telephone service as up-to-date
as anywhere in the world. It climaxes
nearly a century of cooperation among
governments and private companies.


The submarine cable completed in
April was laid by A.T. & T. from Florida
City, Fla., to Kingston, Jamaica, and
the section from there to Fort Sherman
on the Atlantic side is jointly owned by
A.T. & T. and I.T.T. This was linked in
September to the trans-Isthmian coaxial
cable of I.T.T.-Central America Cables
& Radio, which was laid partially in
Panama Canal Company ducts and with
the cooperation of the Panama Railroad
which provided equipment and re-
scheduled its freight trains so as not
to interfere with installation. In October
the system was extended to the offices
of Tropical Radio in Panama City.
Connecting with this network is the
different but equally modern micro-
wave system of Comunicaciones, S.A.,
to the interior of Panama.
Thus, the Republic of Panama
becomes the first South or Central
American country to be joined by
direct submarine telephone cable to the
United States and Europe. From here,
other lines, already in the planning
stage, will reach out into the Pacific and
the Caribbean.
Thus, the same narrow strip of land
which heard the hoofbeats of the burros
and the pad of barefooted indians laden
with the gold of the New World; the
hum of rails carrying the Argonauts of
'49; the rumble of steam engines and
the blasting of dynamite as the Big
Ditch was constructed; the hiss of water
rising in the locks to lift the world's
ships through the funnel for world com-
merce, now hears-through a slender
cable buried in the jungle and under
the sea-voices from across that sea-
without cosmic interference.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between September 5 and October 5
(within-grade promotions and job re-
classifications are not listed):
ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
DIVISION
Joseph J. Wood, Jr., Graduate Intern (Ad-
ministrative Services), to Administrative
Services Assistant.
Shirley L. Harned, Clerk-Typist, Division
of Schools, to Illustrator.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mary A. Williford, Clerk-Typist, from In-
dustrial Division to Customs Division.
Division of Schools
Inez L. Craigen, Evelyn B. Fondren, Mari-
lyn W. Huldquist, Substitute Teacher
to Teacher (Elementary, U.S. Schools).
Mary S. Anderson, Esther V. Flores, Ann
Foster, Chrystle S. Marcus, Substitute
Teacher to Teacher (Junior High, U.S.
Schools).
Norma S. Barkman, Dorothy M. Darcy,
Leona J. Knight, Mayme J. Prevost,
Substitute Teacher to Teacher (Senior
High, U.S. Schools).
Ross E. Anderson, Supervisor (Physical
Education and Athletics), to Supervis-
ing Director (Physical Education and
Athletics).
Stewart J. Brown, Teacher (Senior High,
U.S. Schools) to Supervisor (Physical
Education and Athletics).
Janet A. Marshall, Wilfred E. Layne,
Substitute Teacher to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
Exley N. Reid, Substitute Teacher to
Teacher (Junior High, Latin American
Schools).
Dorothy E. Brooks, Clerk-Typist, from
Gorgas Hospital.
Edwin H. Roach, Motion Picture Projec-
tionist to Leader Laborer (Cleaner).
Ifil R. Francis, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Laborer (Heavy).
Ross T. Barrett, Guard, Locks Division,
to Recreation Specalist (Sports).
PANAMA CANAL INFORMATION
OFFICE
Alba NM. Coffey, Clerk-Typist, Office of
General Manager, Supply Division, to
Clerk-Translator (Typing).
INTERNAL SECURITY OFFICE
Robert C. Walker, Chief of Internal
Security, to Chief of Internal Security;
Special Assistant to the Governor.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Cirilo Murillo, Dock Worker, Terminals
Division, to Surveying Aid, Engineering
Division.
Electrical Division
James W. Riley, Central Office Repairman,
to Lead Foreman Central Oice Repair-
man.
Myrna E. Orr, Timekeeper, Dredging Divi-
sion, to Accounting Clerk.


Dredging Division
Robert E. Daisey, Machinist (Marine) to
Engineer, Floating Crane.
Carole V. Martin, Clerk-Typist, License
Section, to Clerk-Stenographer.
Maintenance Division
Charles W. Brown, Contract Assistant,
Construction Division, to Administrative
Services Assistant.
James A. Hoverson, Lead Foreman (Refrig-
eration and Air Conditioning) to General
Foreman Refrigeration and Air Condi-
tioning Mechanic.
Bertie Gittens, Leader Painter to Lead
Foreman Painter.
Ricardo J. Romero, Laborer (Cleaner),
Electrical Division, to Laborer.
Alfonso D. Gittens, Leader Laborer
(Cleaner) to Leader Laborer.
Edith W. Cotton, Freight Rate Assistant,
Accounting Division, to Accounting
Clerk (Typing), Maintenance Division
Water and Laboratories Branch.
Rafael A. Del Cid, Laborer (Cleaner), to
Laborer (Heavy).
Luis De Gracia, Railroad Trackman, Rail-
road Division, to Laborer (Cleaner).
Reginaldo Urriola, Laborer (Heavy) to
Helper (General).
HEALTH BUREAU
Evelyn G. Faulkner, Accounting Clerk,
Electrical Division, to Supervisory Clerk
(Medical Records), Corozal Hospital.
Gorgas Hospital
Cynthia E. Schloss, Staff Nurse to Staff
Nurse (Medicine and Surgery).
Ruty P. DeCodling, Dental Assistant (Re-
storative) to Dental Assistant (Surgery).
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
G. Leroy Koontz, Administrative Services
Assistant, Police Division, to Supervisory
Administrative Services Assistant.
John L. Hughes, Jr., First Assistant Engi-
neer, Pipeline Dredge, Dredging Divi-
sion, to Chief Engineer, Towboat.
Gilberto Guevara, Painter (Maintenance) to
Painter.
Nathan Gayle, Linehandler (Deckhand) to
Launch Dispatcher.
Edward B. Callomn, Hubert A. Weeks,
Launch Dispatcher to Clerk.
Industrial Division
Kenneth L. Bailey, Lead Foreman Boat-
builder, to General Foreman Boat-
builder.
Joshua E. Lowe, Francisco Martinez,
Maintenanceman (Boats) to Carpenter
(Marine).
George llowell, Helper Machinist (Marine)
to Machine Operator.
Martin E. White, Crane Ilookman, to
Leader Crane Hookman.
Juan B. Olmedo, Helper Welder, to Pre-
servation Mechanic.
Thomas B. Murray, Preservation Mechanic,
to Leader Toolroom Attendant.
Leopold O. Marshall, Desmond Willams,
Toolroom Attendant to Preservation
Mechanic.
James Francis, Helper (General) to Tool-
room Attendant


James H. Johnston, Helper Machinist
(Marine) to Oiler.
John A. Bowen, Clerk to Timekeeper.
John Jackman, Stockman to Storekeeping
Clerk.
Locks Divsion
Robert V. Dean, Leader Lock Operator
(Electrician) to Control House Operator.
William V. Butler, Lock Operator (Elec-
trician) to Leader Lock Operator (Elec-
trician).
James A. Schofield, Lock Operator (Ma-
chinist) to Leader Lock Operator
(Machinist).
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Elena Chai, Accounting Clerk, Industrial
Division, to Accounting Technician,
Accounting Division.
Dora W. Ung, Accounting Technician to
Voucher Examiner, Accounting Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICES
DIVISION
Orlan H. Betcher, Supervisory Baker Spe-
cialist, to Service Center Supervisor.
Wilford R. Dixon, Jr., Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Retail Store Management
Assistant.
Ruben N. Padmore, Leader Laundry
Checker to Lead Foreman (Laundry
Operations .
Francisco Brto, Leader High Lift Truck
Operator to Leader High Lift Truck
Operator (Cold Storage).
Juan A. V. Platero, Assistant Meat Cutter,
to Meat Cutter.
Fitzgerald Burnham, Clerk to Storekeeping
Clerk.
John Hull, Accounting Clerk to Guest
House Clerk.
Wilmoth L. Davis, Assistant Cook to Cook.
Theodore MN. Griffiths, Pantryman to Cook.
Froilin L6pez, Warehouseman to Stock-
man.
Lela S. Cadogan, Counterwoman to Sales
Checker.
Harry A. Smith, Laborer (Heavy) to Truck
Driver.
Ilalden Thomas, Laborer (Heavy) to Stock-
man.
Ivy NI. Gillespe, Warehouseman, to Clerk.
Adrana Dawkins, Weynell Inniss, Counter-
woman to Sales Clerk.
Oliver O. Bowen, High Lift Truck Oper-
ator to High Lift Truck Operator (Cold
Storage).
Pedro J. C6rdova, Laborer (Heavy) to
Warehouseman.
Antonio Valiente, Laborer (Heavy, Pest
Control) Division of Sanitation, to
Laborer (Heavy).
Gilbert A. Brown, Claude L. Goodridge,
Laborer (Cold Storage) to Laborer
(Heavy, Cold Storage).
Fernando A. Ponce, Juan Rodriguez,
Laborer (Heavy) to Laborer (Heavy,
Cold Storage).
Agustin Caballero, Dairy Worker to Milker.
Asia L. Bennett, Julio C. Bethancourt,
Utility Worker to Grocery Attendant.
Leroy Davidson, Utility Worker to Assist-
ant Cook.

12 NOVEMBER 1963






Beaulah L. Kennedy, Utility Worker, to
Sales Clerk.
Kenneth G. Clement, Laborer to Milk
Plant Worker.
Ramiro Vargas, Laborer, Maintenance
Division, to Laborer (Heavy).
Federico A. James, James Wharton, Utility
Worker to Laborer (Heavy).
Manuel G. Garces, Alejandro J. Perez,
Utility Worker to Counterman.
Vincent J. Carter, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Laundry Worker (Heavy).
Randolph V. Perkins, Sales Checker to
Sales Section Head.
Luis W. Anglin, Laborer to Meat Wrapper.
David J. Failey, Assistant Meat Cutter to
Meat Cutter.
Felix A. Fill, Stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, to Laborer (Heavy).
Community Services Division
Carlton A. Mason, Timekeeper to Clerk.
Abraham W. Forcheney, Charles P. Ro-
man, Grounds Maintenance Equipment
Operator to Field Tractor Operator.
Gregorio Bonilla, Jos6 0. Castillo, James
E. Corbin, Sergio Martinez, Laborer to
Grounds Maintenance Equipment Oper-
ator.
Antonio Acufia, Florentino De Pauda,
Laborer to Grounds Maintenance Equip-
ment Operator (Small).
Narciso Medina, Laborer to Garbage Col-
lector.
Luis Menchaca, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Laborer (Pest Control).
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
Julian Lasso, Laborer (Heavy) to High Lift
Truck Operator.
Terminals Division
Sidney Smithson, Supervisory Cargo Check-
ing Assistant to General Foremen
Stevedore (Ship).
Roger S. Pierrelas, Leader Stevedore
(Dock) to Lead Foreman Stevedore
(Dock).
Carlos S. Batchelor, Reuben Panton, Line-
handler to Stevedore.
Juan Arancibia, Jorge Cedefio, Jose 1.
Macias, Jos M\lejia, Pedro Nereira, Pas-
cual Ortega, Manuel T. Pefia, Dario E.
Perez, Dock Worker to Stevedore.
Ernesto Cole, Delay Clerk to Stevedore.
Roy R. Paddy, Truck Driver, Motor Trans-
portation Division, to Guard.
Jose Del C. Fores, Linehandler to Water
Service Man.
Eugenio E. Mladeam, Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Cargo Marker.
Motor Transportation Division
Ruben E. Douglas, Chauffeur to School
Bus Driver.
Maritza E. De Oranges, Voucher Examiner,
Gorgas Hospital to Accounting Clerk
(Typing).
George L. Lowe, Truck Driver, from
Supply Division.
Victor A. Watson, Helper Lncomotive En-
gineer, Railroad Division, to Truck
Driver.


50 Year, c4go
FORMATION of Miraflores Lake
began October I. It was estimated by
the hydrographic office that the normal
run-off, calculated from 22 years' rain-
fall measurements, would raise the lake
surface to normal operating level of
55 feet above the sea, by December 4.
A section of the Gamboa dike was
dynamited October 10, water from
Gatun Lake completing the filling of
Culebra Cut from the dike to Cucara-
cha slide in about 2 hours.

25 Year. -4go
THE 100,000th oceangoing vessel of
more than 300 net tons to transit the
Canal since it was opened to traffic was
locked through October 10. It was the
American cargo ship Steel Exporter,
operated by Isthmian Steamship Lines.

10 years d4go
IOUSING items were highlights of
the news with:
Completion at Margarita of the
largest single contract in the then
current long-range quarters replace-
ment program, 148 family units in a


EMPLOYEES who retired in Septem-
ber, with their positions at time of
retirement and years of Canal service:
Joseph Anderson, Helper, Locomotive En-
gineer, Railroad Division (Atlantic Side);
23 years, 4 months, 8 days.
William Radders, General Foreman, Sal-
vage and Diving, Industrial Division
(Atlantic Side); 23 years, 6 months,
17 delays.
John A. Barbour, Lead Foreman, Central
Office Repairman, Electrical Division
(Pacific Side); 37 years, 11 months, 20
days.
Marcus S. Clarke, Laborer, Supply Divi-
sion (Atlantic Side); 44 years, 27 days.
Mrs. Eldica Cumberbatch, Assistant Baker,
Supply Division (Atlantic Side); 20 years,
2 months.
Linton G. Ferro, Pressman, Cylinder
(Small), Printing Plant (Atlantic Side);
37 years, 3 months, 21 days.
Mrs. Lucille M. Ford, Clerk, Gorgas Hos-
pital; 12 years, 4 months, 24 days.
Herschel Gandy, Administrative Services
Assistant, Maintenance Division (Pacific
Side); 23 years, 9 months, 19 days.
Marion S. Herring, Chief Engineer, Tow-
boat, Dredging Division; 23 years, I day.
Mrs. Armella R. Hutchings, Teacher (Ele-
mentary-U.S. Schools, Division of
Schools (Atlantic Side); 20 years, 5
months, 8 days.


64-acre area of hills and jungles cleared
and graded south of the Third Locks
town;
A new system for assignment of
quarters providing for the posting of
vacancies weekly in each housing
district.


Hours Changed
EFFECTIVE NOVEMBER 1 the
hours of service of the Cashier in the
Treasury Branch, Building 287, Ancon,
are changed, Comptroller Philip L.
Steers, Jr., has announced.
The hours for cashing payroll or other
checks, and for accepting over the
counter payments of invoices, customer
deposits, and other cash transactions
will be as follows:
Daily, except Wednesday of pay
week: 9:30 to 11:45 a.m., and 12:45
to 3 p.m.
Wednesday of pay week: 7:30 to
11:45 a.m., and 12:45 to 3 p.m.
The Treasury Branch office hours,
except for the change in the hours of
service for the cashier, will continue as
heretofore: 7:15 to 11:45 a.m., and
12:45 to 4:15 p.m.


Oswald E. Jorstad, Teacher (Senior High-
U.S. Schools), Division of Schools
(Atlantic Side); 24 years, 10 months,
29 days.
Iarold W. Meyer, Lead Foreman, Painter,
Maintenance Division (Atlantic Side);
23 years, 10 months, 15 days.
Bondal Moss, Winchman, Terminals Divi-
sion (Atlantic Side); 13 years, 7 months,
S days.
IIilton D. Perkins, Clerk, Supply Division
(Pacific Side); 49 years, 6 months, 19
days.
Rndway R. Phillips, Cylinder Pressman
(Large), Printing Plant (Atlantic Side);
41 years, 1 month, 29 days.
Gabriel A. Riemers, Chief Engineer, Tow-
boat, Navigation Division (Pacific Side);
23 years, 6 months.
Emilio A. Rivera, High Lift Truck Oper-
ator, Railroad Division (Pacific Side);
38 years, 11 months, 6 days.
Fernando Rodriguez, Laborer, Community
Services Division (Pacific Side); 46 years,
9 months, 7 days.
John E. Schmidt, Control House Operator,
Locks Division (Pacific Side); 27 years,
I month.
Tolo Singh, Stevedore, Terminals Division
(Atlantic Side); 22 years, 1 month, 6
days.
Rogelio Tufi6n, Helper, Core Drill Oper-
ator, Dredging Division (Pacific Side);
36 ears, 21 days.
Mrs. Ruby L. Willa, Retail Store Depart-
ment Manager (General), Supply Divi-
sion (Atlantic Side); 16 years, 21 days.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


C..IAL HISTORY


RETIREMENTS







ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


0. PTROLL
Leoy 3. Mag sop" %
id' et Offi er \

/H EAL H BUREAU
Simeon Ga, e
i n1. or epin le .
An 'e Rios
Clerk


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Thelma R. Godwin SERVICE BUREAU
Teacher (Elementary Simona Luisa Jarvis
U.S. Schools) Sales Checker
COMPT LELMS 0iICE 4Tro r ord
Preston G. a / i ruck Operator
Accounting Tec nic
Malcolm R. WheeT I MAR N BUREAU
Auditor Oswald N. o n
ENGINEERING A, Leader n andler
CONSTB O EAU Jd Boatswain)
Hubert Harri dro es
Oiler Harra orer (Highway
Oie Maintenance)
Frank H. Lerchen Mai
Supervisory General Frank J. Stewart
Engineer Towing Locomotive Operator
Cecil G. McLeod Semon Theriot
Oiler Towing Locomotive Operator


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY MARINE BUREAU
SERVICE BUREAU Joseph A. Bialkowski
A ...


Bienvenido Abadia
Tree Trimmer
Lucille Abernathy
Commissary Store
Department Manager
(Women's Wear)
Mintra Babb
Counterwoman
Pamelia J. Brown
Sales Checker
G. E. Gittens
Sales Checker
Eric S. Goburn
Laborer (Cleaner)
Jacinto Jaramillo
Laborer (Cleaner)
Lileane Jones
Clerk
Erna E. Layne
Sales Clerk
Alwyn Manuel
Laborer (Cleaner)
Ilamilton Meade
Clerk-Typist
Selvyn L. Moody
Crane Ilookman
Rito Murillo M.
Grounds Maintenance
Eqtuinment Operator
(Small)
Fidelino Rodriguez
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Bertram Wilson
Cook


Gregorio Borbua
Line Handler
Rubin A. Britton
Leader Line Handler
(Deckhand Boatswain)
Teodoro Cruz
Helper Lock Operator
Woodrow L. Gordon
Toolroom Attendant
t S. Heavens
Linteandler ( and)
la to -ern de
Bo. m.
Ro ido abr do
ea an (L, in i)
J Madrigal
andler e
Tia endoza
Helper Lock Operator
Karl T. Nehring
Pilot
Samuel F. Smith
Launch Operator
Owen Vauglm
Helper Lock Operator
Lester A. Vendrcys
Line Handler (Deckhand)
Luis A. Vivar
Leader Line Handler
(Deckhand Boatswain)
Robert E. Walker
Master Towboat
IHenry Watson
Line Handler (Deckhand)


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Erasmo F. Abrego
Laborer (Heavy)
Patrick A. Alexis
Helper Central Office
Repairman
E. G. Braithwaite
Telephone Instrument
Repairman
Joshua B. Burnett
Laborer (Heavy)
Jose D. De Le6n
Oiler (Floating Plant)
Ashton M. Russell
Roofer
Luis A. Phrez S.
Seaman
Egbert F. R. Watson
Surveying Aid
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Jose Dolores Amaya
Helper Carman (Wood
and Steel)
Benjamin F. Boyd
Delay Clerk
Albert W. Degen
General Foreman Stevedore
(Ships)
Leon D. McNally
Helper Liquid Fuels
Wharfman
Cecil C. Wilson
Stevedore
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Thelma L. de McLean
Teacher (Elementary
L.A. Schools)
IEALTI BUREAU
Jose P. GonzAlez
Nursing-Assistant
(Operating Room)


14 NOVEMBER 1963








Sl


Former Pacific Queen
A FIRST AND LAST transit was made
through the Canal in September by
the 18,564-ton Ellinis, better known to
shipping circles as the Matson Naviga-
tion Co.'s luxury liner Lurline. Since
she was commissioned in 1932 until
recently, the Lurline has carried thous-
ands of vacationing passengers between
San Francisco and Hawaii. She was
well known as one of the glamour
queens of the Pacific.
The ship was sold a few months ago
by the Matson Co. to the Marfuerza
Compaflia Maritima, S.A., and her name
changed to Ellinis. When she passed
through the Canal in September, she
carried an operating crew and was on
her way to England, where she will be
modified to increase passenger capacity
to 1,300 from 929. The ship will be
placed in service between Southampton,
France, and Australia sometime early
in 1964.

First Cruise Liner
THE FIRST cruise ship of the 1963-64
season arrived in Balboa October 1 and
made the Canal transit southbound on
her way to the West Coast of the
United States and for a voyage around
the world. She was the Norwegian
America Line Oslofjord, a luxury vessel
well known to Canal waters, having
made frequent visits here during the
winter season when the Canal is a
popular port of call for cruise ships.
The Oslofjord did not stop in Cris-
tobal but came directly through the
Canal to Balboa where she was tied up
until midnight. Her round-the-world
cruise is taking her to the Far East,
India, Egypt, Israel, Greece, Italy, and
Morocco. The ship will return to New
York on December 18.
C. B. Fenton & Co., agents for the
Norwegian American Line at the Canal,
announced that the Oslofjord also will
make a Caribbean cruise from New
York in January, arriving in Cristobal
on January 17.

Quarterly shipping tables, usually
published in the November editions
of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW, will
appear instead in the December
editions.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN SEPTEMBER
1963 196
Commercial .............. 923 90
U.S. Government. ......... 14 2
Free. ................... 9
Total .............. 946 93


TOLLS*
Commercial.... $4,839,776
U.S.Government. 82,773
Total .... $4,922,549
CARGO"*
Commercial.... 5,702,970
U.S. Government. 107,178


Free. .


. ....... 44,337
Total.... 5,854,485


$4,618,152
109,284
$4,727,436


New Santa Welcomed
A GALA WELCOME was given the
2 Grace Line's newest passenger cargo
9 ship Santa Maria which arrived at the
1 Canal on her maiden voyage October 10
9 and spent 2 days berthed in Balboa.


In addition to the fact that the ship
is the latest of the Grace Line's sleek
new Santas, the Santa Maria was
dedicated to Panama when she was
launched.


Present for the welcoming cere-
monies on the ship's maiden voyage
4,932,450 were Wilfred J. McNeil, president of
138,709 the Grace Line and Ernest Senn, vice
42,580 president and director of the line.


5,113,739


"Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.
'Cargo figures are in long tons.


Speed Demon
ONE OF THE FASTEST ships operat-
ing through the Panama Canal between
New York and, the Far East is the
United States Lines Pioneer Moon, a
new challenger type ship which can
and does average 23 knots. The ship
broke all speed records in May on the
voyage from Yokohama to New York
when it steamed the 9,726 nautical
miles from Yokohama in 17 days, 14
hours and 48 minutes. This included
a 12-hour stay in Canal waters.
So far as Panama Agencies, local rep-
resentatives of the line know, this
record still stands.


While the Santa Maria was docked
in Balboa, Grace Line and Panama
Agency officials entertained on board
in honor of President Roberto F.
Chiari of Panama. Governor Robert J.
Fleming, Jr., of the Canal Zone and
many other high officials from Panama
and the Canal Zone attended. Special
exhibits of Panama arts and crafts were
set up in the public rooms and hundreds
of visitors admired the luxurious accom-
modations, the smart modern settings,
and the Panama-inspired decor brought
out through murals, maps, metal
designs and other art forms.
The Santa Maria is the third new
Santa to be placed in service by the
Grace Line between New York, the
Canal Zone and the west coast of
South America.


N


G


Dedicated to Panama: Given Gala Greeting.


9


PP




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