Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Title: Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00075
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publication Date: August 1963
Frequency: semiannual
Subject: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097366
Volume ID: VID00075
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Front Matter 3
        Front Matter 4
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Back Matter
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Back Cover
        Page 21
        Page 22
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Tourist Trip Tips
He Has Ups and Downs
Navigatio niDv qJa
Nursery cef&t




ROBERT J. FLEMING, JR., Governor-President
DVIDl S. PARKER, Lieutenant Governor
Panama Canal Information Officer

Official Panama Canal Publication
Published monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, C.Z.

JOSEPH CONNOR, Press Officer
Publications Fditors
Editorial Assistants

Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Employees.
Subscriptions. $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M1 Balboa Heights. C.Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights. C.Z.


Jeff Riley

Winning9 Way

THE FOUR-MAN team representing Panama in the
International JayCee Golf Tournament at Midland and
Ranch Land Hills Country Clubs, Midland, Tex., on
August 20-23, will play practice matches in Texas with
other teams prior to the big tournament. Riley and
Stoudnor were members of last year's team, which
played in the JayCee at Spring Valley Country Club,
Huntington, W. Va.
Duran, this year's local champion in a thrilling playoff
with Riley, is a Panama City boy, playing out of the
Panama Golf Club. Perantie and Riley, who reside in
La Boca, and Stoudnor, who lives in Balboa, all play out
of the Fort Amador Golf Club.
Seventy boys competed in this year's tournament,
featured by a two-way playoff in the championship flight
and a three-way playoff in the first flight, won by
Peter Dehlinger.
Craig Stoudnor Tom Perantie

\ .

The Parkers_------- ____________ 3
Mexico Trip Tourist Tips- -___-____-________- 4
Having Ups and Downs ______________-_______ 6
Navigation Division; Nerve Center----- ________ 7
Nursery Center- -________________________- 8
Promotions and Transfers --------------_ 10
Canal History, Retirements ------------------_ 12
Quarterly Shipping Tables -------------------- 14
Shipping -------------__------_-------_ 16

ON OUR COVER: Things are looking up-for both the
kittens and the kids. The scene is at the community
nursery center organized through the cooperation and
efforts of the people of the communities of Paraiso and
Pedro Miguel, a prime example of joint participation in
solution of a problem as opposed to awaiting ready-made
answers provided by "someone else." Such participation
invariably means a more competent, more mature
approach to obligations of citizenship. For more on the
nursery center, see pages 8 and 9. On other pages you'll
get an introduction to the Lieutenant Governor's family;
get tips for touring to Mexico; a look at the Navigation
Division; and a report on a ship's master, veteran of many
Panama Canal transits since 1919, who is retiring.


would like to have friends or relatives receive the
REVIEW are urged to subscribe for the additional
copies by mailing $1 to "THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW,
Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z. The subscriptions
are handled by the Communications and Records
Section in the basement of the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights. Mail subscriptions are
sent directly from the Mount Hope Printing Plant
to the addressee, thus avoiding additional expense
and bother for those sending them, many of whom
have in the past handled the mailing themselves.
The airmail subscription rate is $4.35 a year.

Robert Duran

- I /

A decisive moment in a family game came
when Canal Zone Lieutenant Governor,
David S. Parker, made a well-considered
move. Youngest son Stephen (far left),
daughter Anne, and oldest son David
(standing) take a serious view of the situa-
tion. Son Bruce smiles, for he has his next
move planned, and Mrs. Parker enjoys
her family's reaction.

It's A Wonder They All Got Together

A SENTIMENTAL journey to the
birthplace of each member of the Canal
.Zone Lieutenant Governor's family
would take the family members from
one coast to the other of the United
States and halfway around the world.
Col. David S. Parker was born in
Fort Huachuca, Ariz., the son of a
U S. Arms officer. Mrs. Parker, a U.S.
Army officer's daughter, was born in
Oahi.. Hawaii.
"ljust \\ait until you hear about our
birthplaces." the boys chuckle.
Two of the Parker sons were born in
the United States, David in Washing-
ton, D.C., and Stephen in San Fran-
cisco, Calif. Bruce was born in Tokyo,
Japan, where Colonel Parker was sta-
tioned with the Army of Occupation
for 3 years, and Anne was born at West
Point, N.Y., where he was instructor in
Military Topography prior to coming
to the Canal Zone in 1952 as Military
Assistant to the Governor.
Changing schools, and starting life
afresh in a new locale doesn't faze the
Parker children one bit. In each new
locale, as they have done on the Isth-
mus. they go in for sports in general
-and tennis, basketball, golf, and fish-
ing are pretty much the same in any
clime, in any language.
The Canal Zone's Lieutenant Gov-
ernor and Mrs. Parker are fully familiar

with adapting themselves to new
schools, new scenes, new friends.
Colonel Parker attended schools in
Kansas, Texas, Vermont, and New
Mexico before he entered the Military
Academy at West Point, from which
he was graduated in 1940 with a
commission in the Corps of Engineers.
Mrs. Parker also grew up on U.S.
Army posts. She attended two different
high schools and three different col-
leges. She is a graduate of Stanford
University and has taught about 5 years
in nursery schools and kindergarten,
plus one year in public schools. The
last year Colonel Parker was here as
Military Assistant to the Governor, she
taught nursery school at Fort Amador.
All the family enjoys outdoor living,
and they speak with enthusiasm of three
camping trips they have made across
the United States. They have lived in
a tent, in true camp style, but never
were troubled by wild animals-
although they have seen a good number
of bears.
It's not an animal, but a bird, that's
credited to the youngest son, Stephen
or Steve as he's more familiarly known,
at the Smithsonian Institution. Steve
found a Cape May warbler, a fairly rare
member of the bird world in Virginia,
and presented it to the Institution.
This past school year Steve won
honorable mention in a two-county

area for a solar kiln he made and
entered in a Science Fair.
David, the big brother of the family,
is working as a student assistant in the
Engineering and Construction Bureau
during summer vacation and will return
to William and Mary in the fall for his
sophomore year. He places on an almost
equal plane tennis, chess, and reading.
Bruce and Steve have joined the
Balboa Gun Club and are in the
"A" League in the Canal Zone Summer
Recreation Program. Bruce goes in for
stamp collecting and challenges his
brother, Dave, for the family bridge
Anne and her mother are following
an artistic bent, but Anne prefers
charcoal sketching while Mrs. Parker is
hoping to do oil paintings. Colonel
Parker, himself, enjoys photography
when he has time for this hobby.
Anne is learning to play the organ
and likes reading and tennis. But she
is a rival of her brothers when a fishing
pole is in her hands. Though they
haven't been in the Canal Zone very
long, Steve and Anne already have
sailfish snouts to bear witness to their
All the family has enjoyed skiing on
Mount Hood and ice skating, but they
also enjoy swimming in a warm clime.
Most of all, wherever they are, they
enjoy doing things together.


8,543 MILES... 2 MONTHS

Tourist Tips

For a Trip

To Mexico

WHEN THE Latin American Schools
went on vacation last February we had
plans to spend our vacation in Costa
Rica, but the article in the REVIEW for
February entitled "A Profile: Inter-
American Highway" furnished inspira-
tion to make a trip by road all the way
to Mexico City. Some of our friends
thought we were taking a big risk, but
I had great faith, continuing with my
Besides my wife, Elsa, making the trip
with me in a 1963, 4-door, 4-cylinder
model 1330 Fiat were: Miss Alicia
Facey, elementary teacher, Mrs. Cora
Rowe, high school teacher-both from
Colon, and Mrs. Dorothy White, dress-
maker from Rainbow City. Mrs. Skeete
and I are teachers in the Rainbow City
Elementary School.
Our experience on this trip taught
us a lot of things, some of which we
would like to pass on to others who
might be contemplating such a venture.
It might help to contribute to their
comfort and convenience.
Women should wear basic dresses
that can take changes of ornaments.
Not too loud colors. A few woolen
sweaters, a scarf or neckerchief to pro-
tect the hair when passing through
dusty areas, besides being of practical
use otherwise. Spring coat, medium
weight with threc-quarter or long
sleeves. Besides a couple pairs of dress
shoes, sandals or fiat shoes are needed
for use with sport clothes when going

Goats scamper off the highway in Guatemala. The placid cows were not so willing to yield.
Most of them simply stared, unperturbed by horn blowing. The car detoured around
them cautiously.

climbing and swimming, etc. Dark
glasses are a must. Enough stockings
for the whole trip, as Mexico is the only
country with a large variety from
which to purchase. Of course, take your
Men's clothing: two suits, sweaters
or waistcoat for very cold mornings
and evenings. Few extra pants for
driving, climbing, etc.
Don't buy too many souvenirs unless
you have space in your car. The mail
service is very slow, and packages arrive
in not too good condition unless they
are very well packed with straw or
paper, which is sure to increase the
postage a great deal.
Money should be carried in travelers
checks as a rule-$10 denomination will
do. Take along 5 to 8 percent in $1
bills to take care of last minute spending
or gasoline near borders when leaving
the countries, because when purchasing
with large denominations you will be
given change in native money which
you don't wish to take with you.
Only in Mexico do they give change or
exchange in U.S. dollars.
In Mexico City, taxi drivers who
recognize you as visitors may want to
recommend hotels for you. They never
recommend such hotels as the Hotel
Compostela-one of the very best and

cheaper than most-because they get no
commission. The food there is excellent.
Follow the traffic rules and signs,
especially when going down grades and
around curves. Go down in slow gear.
The gas saved going down dangerous
grades in high gear is not worth the
risk. Then too, no matter how sure
you may feel about following the maps,
always take time to stop now and then
to ask questions. This may save much
waste of time and gas. Maps of the
countries are obtainable at many gas
It is best to travel during the day-
time when going from one country to
another. There is great danger of run-
ning into slides, cattle, rocks, or other
objects on the highway-not to mention
people who love to walk by night on
the road. Besides, night travel can slow
you up a great deal. Panama is the only
country which has laws against cattle
on the highway. All the other Central
American countries have signs on the
roads warning to look out for cattle.
We met quite a lot of animals on the
highway. Leave early and night is not
likely to overtake you. At least, in this
way you will have very little, if any,
night driving to do.
Because of the size of Mexico we
found it necessary to make three


stops going north, on the east side (By
way of Comitan, Matias Romero and
Puebla) before reaching Mexico City.
Oil the return trip, for variety's sake,
, c look the highway via Oaxaca, where
th:re are lots of curves and hills, but
thi: highway is very well paved, and
O.i\jca and Comitan were the only
stops we had to make coming back.
And talking about well-paved roads,
the super highways-wherever there is
opportunity to make a choice are
better and faster for travel, with the
legal speed limit as high as 110 kilo-
meters per hour (about 70 miles) in
snme places.
The older, narrow roads may be even
shorter than the super highway, but
have many sharp curves, annoying hills
and reduced legal speeds. It is worth
the 5 or 8 pesos toll charges to go by
super highway. A great deal of time
is saved, too. Make friends with the
people. You can learn a lot from them
and about them and their countries
which might save you money and time.
Nevertheless, be wary of too friendly
people. Employees of hotels can also
be of invaluable help and a rich source
of information. Get in touch with the
Tourist Commission in each country.
They can keep you up to date on road
conditions or any late changes in condi-
tions in the country. The hotel maids
will gladly help you find someone to
wash your laundry, and some of them
might even do the job for you at reason-
able prices. Don't expect, though, to
get the kind of laundry service you
get at home.
It is not necessary to follow the 10
percent tipping recommended by Emily
Post. One or two pesos should be
reasonable, depending on the number
of persons and the quality of the serv-
ice. However, remember that in Gua-
temala the exchange is one quetzal for
$1; so be guided accordingly.
On entering Nicaragua, at either of
the borders, there is a charge of $5
(5 U.S. dollars) for each person. No
receipt is given, and there is no use
arguing. Besides, one has to go to the
"Migraci6n" office in Managua with
pictures (two) to get another visa; no
charge. Then, to test one's patience,
another visa has to be obtained at
Somoto (going and coming). Somoto
is 20 kilometers from the Honduran
The signboard at the entrance to So-
moto which tells that the visa is to be
had there was broken off the guard
house on the highway. We did not
know and were turned back at the
border, losing valuable time, besides
having to pay after hours fees at the
border. Only Costa Rica and Mexico

have 24-hour border service. Regular
working hours at the other Central
American borders are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Saturday, Sundays, and holidays are
not regular working days; therefore a
fee is charged each person and the car.
In Guatemala City it is also necessary
to get a local visa at the Migracion
office. A photograph also is required-
no charges. Do get to the office early
and avoid hours of waiting after the
crowd arrives.
The local hotel management and
tourist commission representatives, es-
pecially those in Mexico, urged that we
take a taxi when going about and out
of town because of the traffic and dif-
ficulty in finding our way around. But
we found, after a couple of exciting days
feeling our way about the city, that
we could drive anywhere we wanted
to go with little trouble. We studied
the map (a good 10-peso one of Mexico
City) before leaving on any trip. Some-
times in the excitement we went up the
wrong street and had it rough getting
back on the right one, but it was stimu-
lating fun always. Incidentally, the
maps obtainable at the Mexican Consu-
late in Panama City show all the towns
which have gas stations. This is a real
help for the traveler. A green dot near
the name of a town means you can buy
gas there.
The trip cost us an average of $550
each, which included hotels and
pensions, meals, (in Mexico food is
separate from room) guides on two
occasions, souvenirs, gasoline, tune-up,
small repairs, etc. We spent at least I
week in each Central American country,
and 3 weeks in Mexico. The whole trip

took us away from home for two well-
spent months during which time we
traveled 8,543 miles.
There are many public parking
places (Called "Estacionamiento,"
"Pensi6n," or "Banco de Carros") in all
the countries which store a car over-
night at very reasonable prices. One
should never risk leaving a car out-
doors at night, for it invites risking the
experience of hitchhiking back home.
Another thing: Never buy from the
first store or shop. Window shop
around; compare prices. The experi-
ence will be a great eye-opener. One
place we were charged 50 pesos for
beautiful polished stone book-ends,
while they asked only 30 pesos in
another shop for the same thing. After
haggling a little, we got them for 28
pesos. One store had a leather purse
for 15 pesos; across the street, the same
purse was 10 pesos.
Language was not much of a
problem, especially in Mexico. People
everywhere, even in some Central
American countries, liked to show off
their little knowledge of English-
especially the high school kids.
Note.-Besides a passport one needs-
for leaving the country- A Paz y Salvo
from Rentas Internas (Internal Reve-
nue) Office for each person; a Paz y
Salvo from the Municipal Treasurer,
a letter in Spanish from the automobile
agency showing ownership if the car is
not fully paid for, and a permit from
the traffic department in Panama or
Colon. It is recommended that visas be
obtained here from the consulates be-
fore leaving, and in Mexico City when


Hotels, Pensions Costs

Here were the charges per person at places this tourist group stayed:

Costa Rica pensionn) --------------------- 12 days $45.00
Nicaragua (hotel) -____----- -------------- 1 day 3.60
Honduras (hotel)- _------------- 5 days 17.50
El Salvador (boarding house) ---------------- 9 days 26.50
Guatemala (hotel)___------ ------------- -6 days 27.50
Mexico (hotel)-------- -------------- 26 days 119.40
59 days $240.00
Average: Less than $4.10 per day.
Prices sometimes included tourist tax and there were discounts of as much
as 15 percent because there were five in the group or because the stay was
more than a week, or both. Luxury hotels charge much more, some "not too
good" places considerably less. One hotel had storage for the car-gratis-with
watchman service all night. And the watchman cleaned the car for a small fee.
They found one hotel that charged $12, without meals.

The lone eagle mode of travel "as chosen
by Earl Boland. who piloted the single-
eneine. 2-place. 65-horsepn" er plane
aboie from Kansas Citi to the Canal Zone.

At home in the air or in the water. direr-
l flyer Earl Boland %%as graduated from
the Panama Canal Dik ing School in June.
He is airport manager for the Canal Zone
Civil Air Club. France Field.

He Has His Ups And Downs

EARL BOLAND, a graduate of Balboa
High School in the Class of 1953 and
a June graduate of the Gatun Diving
School, traveled by plane from Kansas
City, Mo., area to the Panama Canal
whcn he received word he had a job
waiting here. What made his trip un-
usual was that he was pilot, crew, and
passenger in a single-engine, 2-place,
65-horsepower Taylorcraft.
Almost every member of the Canal
Zone Civil Air Club at France Field
had chipped in money to buy the plane,
and he delivered it bearing a neat little
plate that reads "Crossroads Aero
Diver-flyer Boland's travel time from
Kansas City to France Field, down
through Central America, totaled 8
days. His gas and oil expenditures came
to $90.
Limited fuel storage capacity of the

plane :alle-d for .a top about e e-r\ 250
miles for rifue-lhrg. %lii,:h -enur-ed that
not a r'incle Certral Amer-i:an :ountrv
w-as overlooked Anid he foundd fril-rndd
with helpincr handr ererY\.vhl:ri., north
and south of the harder
Heat\ wkeathilr %\a. terni:unri-red in
Texas. whe-r he had It tie hlr plane
onto :1 ,:k,:r pipe It. kiep it on the
ground anid here the foG \-as o) hear
there wa., nothinc to do bult wa.it it
out for 2 da.i
Some:'.henre bet% eeri Cualtemala and
San Salkador. moror Iro.uble made
necessary a landing in a cotton field
but, all in all. he ra\s. it war a g190-d
trip and. he's niow planning a longer
jaunt, in a slightly heavier plane, to
Boston, Mass., next year.
After graduation from Balboa High
School, he had an apprenticeship in the
Panama Canal Industrial Division from

1953-1957 In 1956 he be,:ame inter-
ested in fl. mng In Colon and was on hi
a Ntowward Ietting a le-nre hen he
%tar, affr:ted b, i reduction in for,:e
ie- left the IsIthmurs for Miami and the
Riddle Flihhl S,:hool, where he re,:c-,ed
a i:.mmercial pilot's license %ith iri-
ctnrum,:nl rating Then :ramre th, draft.
2 \:iarr in the I S Arm\,r aid no%' a
f ~- inareer a4 a I'anama Canal diwer
Three months, aj he war, appointed
airport manaGer for the Canal Zonr
Ci\ il Air Club at Franri: Field
He is part O..i|er of t, o plane- at
Franc,: Field. In, the one hi:- brought
do~ n hie nr,.v ha_ 15 othrir partners or
,:o-o% iner Iii the other tl,: re are about
six co-ow ners.
His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Boland reside in Curundu. His father
is a civilian employee of the U.S. Army
at Corozal.



Navigation Division

Nerve Center

Of The Canal

Capt. Eli D. Ring, Chief of Navigation Division.

GET AS MANY ships through the
Canal as possible, as safely and quickly
as possible, and provide the maximum
of service to shipping.
These are the jobs of the Navigation
Division which, together with the Locks
Division, operates the waterway. Get-
ting the jobs done requires for the Navi-
gation Division a force of more than
1,450 employees: pilots, deckhands,
foremen, boarding officers, traffic con-
trollers, and administrative personnel.
With that number of employees, per-
sonnel matters and working rules claim
a great share of Navigation Division
working time.
A major phase of the division's work
is making sure there are no overdrafts
by transiting ships. For this reason, the
chief of the Navigation Division fre-
quently is aboard when big, deep draft
ships transit. Determining the deepest
safe drafts for these ships, and their
handling characteristics at specified
drafts, is essential to maintenance of
safety standards.
Prior to the first transit of a big ship,
a diagram of a cross-section of its hull
at its widest and deepest part is super-
imposed on a diagram, to the same
scale, of the most restrictive locks sec-
tion. By sliding the diagram up or
down, the probable maximum safe
allowable draft can be determined.
The Argyll, to make its initial transit
this month, has a beam of 106 feet 2
inches and is 763 feet long. Its owners
have asked for a draft of 35 feet, but the
ship's construction is such that it is to
be held to a 34-foot draft for its initial
transit to determine its handling charac-
teristics in the Cut and in and around
the Locks.
The shallower draft for the initial
transit is a safeguard to permit easier
handling of the ship until its specific
capabilities and handling character-
istics have been demonstrated to the
satisfaction of the pilots.

Enforcement of the rules and regula-
tions governing navigation of the Canal,
along with those pertaining to health,
customs, immigration, and contraband,
also are important parts of the
Navigation Division's work.
Rules on chocks and bitts, for
example, require that they be so con-
structed that cables from the mules will
neither slip out nor bind while the
ships are being raised or lowered as
they are locked through. Location of
the chocks and bitts also is important,
so that the cables from the mules have
maximum control.
Correspondence is carried on regu-
larly between the Navigation Division,
with the help of the Locks Division,
and shipbuilding yards throughout
the world on these points for ship
construction and conversion.
The Navigation Division also is
charged with scheduling and dispatch-
ing of vessels for transits to ensure
coordinated control of traffic through-
out the Canal and Zone waters; training,
supervision, and assignment of pilots;
entrance and clearance of vessels at the
terminal ports, including coordination
of boarding parties; assignment of
berths for ships, and operation of tug-
boats and launches for servicing of
Heading the Navigation Division as
chief is Capt. Eli D. Ring, USN, who
has served as port captain at both
Balboa and Cristobal, and is the first
to serve as Chief of the Navigation
Division with the port captain position
separated from the chiefs job, a change
made in June following management
Relieved of the port captain responsi-
bilities, except in supervisory capacity,
the Chief of the Navigation Division
has been assigned broader responsi-
bilities in certain fields, to ease the
workload of the Marine Bureau Direc-
tor's and the Port Captains' offices.

These fields are: Coordination of
working rules and practices between
the Atlantic and Pacific port captains'
areas; overall supervision of marine
traffic control throughout the entire
length of the Canal; uniform work
practices within the Navigation Divi-
sion; coordinating Navigation Division
units, the Locks Division and Dredging
Division; coordinating personnel and
budgetary plans and policies for the
Navigation Division as a whole; pro-
posing and coordinating with the rest
of the Canal units affected on improve-
ments to navigation in the Canal.
During fiscal year 1962, 11,424 ocean
going vessels transited the Canal. Gross
expenses of the Navigation Division
during this period totaled $8,545,000,
and revenues derived from rental of
tugs and launches, harbor pilotage,
and deckhand services amounted to
Efficiency of operation of the Naviga-
tion Division is reflected directly on
the ledgers of both the Panama Canal
and ship owners and operators, deter-
mining whether there are economies
or increased costs per ton of shipping
A foot of draft represents to the bulk
ship operator as much as $7,500 to
$10,000 in potential revenue per
transit. A day's delay in transiting can
mean an additional cost of $500 to
$5,000 to a ship. Rough approximation
of ships' daily operating cost is in the
area of $2,500 per day.
Vessels with excess draft or list are
required for safety reasons to correct
the faults, usually by pumping out
water or redistributing fuel. A very few
vessels have been delayed 3 or 4 days
to make corrections so they won't
endanger themselves, other shipping, or
Canal structures.
Navigation Division personnel take
the greatest pride in getting the big
(See p. 11)





So that's how my shirts are ironed.

Filling station for kids.

My nap? Just as soon as I fix this dern earring.

~ f ,o




EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between June 5 and July 5 (within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed):
James L. Phillips, Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Fire Protection Inspector, Fire
Customs Division
Ronald E. Angermuller, Customs Guard to
Customs Inspector.
Lawrence E. Layman, Window Clerk,
Substitute, Postal Division, to Customs
Herman E. Singh, Clerk, from Maintenance
Postal Division
Donald R. Rudy, Window Clerk to Finance
Branch Superintendent.
Raphael J. Amato, Guard, Locks Division,
to Window Clerk, Substitute.
Division of Schools
Constance A. Gallop, Elementary Teacher
and Substitute Teacher, Latin American
Schools, to Elementary Teacher, Latin
American Schools.
Elizabeth Tapiero, Substitute Teacher,
Latin American Schools, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
Carol L. Vidaurri, Clerk-Translator,
Administrative Branch, to Substitute
Electrical Division
Wesley H. Sparling, Senior Operator
(Generating Station) to Power System
Francisco Perez, Apprentice (Armature
(Winder) (4th Year) to Armature Winder.
Dredging Division
Katherine E. Foulkes, Clerk-Stenographer
to Clerical Assistant (Stenography).
Vincent Biava, General Foreman Machinist
(Marine) to Chief Foreman Machinist
John E. Sholund, Jr., Machinist (Marine)
to General Foreman Machinist (Marine).
Charles W. Hammond, Lead Foreman
Painter, from Locks Division.
Slaughter II. Sharpensteen, Foreman, Pipe-
line Dredge, Class 1, to 2d Mate, Pipe-
line Dredge, Class I.
Donald L. Crull, from 2d Mate, Pipeline
Dredge, Class I, to Leverman, Pipeline
Dredge, Class I.
Manuel J. Castillo, Juan S. Diaz, Camilo
Rodriguez, Navigational Aid Worker to
Maintenanccman (Distribution Systems).
Maintenance Division
Walter E. Marek, Leader Plumber to Lead
Foreman (Quarters Maintenance).
William W. Spencer, Leader Electrician to
Lead Foreman Electrician.
Cyril Hamilton, Stockman to Supervisory
Storekeeping Clerk.
Eliott F. Brathwaitc, Painter (Sign) from
Locks Division.
James D. Maloney, Laborer to Helper

Jes6s M. Justiniani, Laborer (Cleaner),
from Community Services Division, to
James Miller, Utility Worker, Supply Divi-
sion, to Laborer.
Doris R. Kintigh, Miscellaneous Docu-
ments Examiner (Typing) to Registrar
(Vital Statistics), Office of the Director.
Harold G. Fergus, Counterman, Supply
Division, to Food Service Worker, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Samuel Ogarro, Assistant Cook to Cook,
Corozal Hospital.
Gorgas Hospital
Robert L. Thompson, Hospital Administra-
tive Assistant to Assistant Hospital
Administrative Officer.
Robert J. Kingsbury, John D. Sigurdson,
Hospital Resident, 2d Year, to Hospital
Resident, 3d Year.
Kenneth W. Bloomberg, Daniel Gruver,
William F. Short, Hospital Resident,
1st Year, to Hospital Resident, 2d Year.
Herbert B. Dwyer, Albert J. Mitchell,
Harold J. Morrison, from Hospital Food
Service Worker to Leader Hospital Food
Service Worker.
Fred A. Howell, Clerk to Medical Tech-
nician (General).
FMlix Rios, Clerk (Checker), Terminals
Division, to Clerk.
Harold T. Kildare, Stockman, Supply Divi-
sion, to Truck Driver.
Lawrence C. Burton, Storekeeping Clerk
to Leader Hospital Attendant.
Navigation Division
Arthur L. Logan, Jr., Pilot to Assistant
Captain of the Port.
Robert E. Medinger, Supervisory Ad-
measurer (Chief Admeasurer) to Super-
visory Admeasurer (Director of Ad-
Lionel L. Ewing, Admeasurer to Super-
visory Admeasurer (Chief Admeasurer).
Waldo T. Bryan, Launch Dispatcher to
James N. Linton, Laborer (Cleaner), Supply
Division, to Laborer (Cleaner).
Industrial Division
Theodore W. A. Krzys, Machinist to
Inspector (Scales and Oil Meters).
Allan P. Noel, Paint and Varnish Maker to
Victor C. Jarrett, Utility Worker and Pin-
setter, Supply Division, to Clerk.
Walter G. Campbell, Laborer (Heavy),
Supply Division, to Helper (General).
Victor NM. Vique, Laborer (Cleaner) to
Locks Division
Leonard N. Martin, Guard Supervisor
(Assistant Chief, Inspector, Locks Secu-
rity Branch), to Guard Supervisor (Chief,
Captain, Locks Section Branch).
Joseph A. Janko, Guard Supervisor to
Guard Supervisor (Assistant Chief, In-
spector, Locks Security Branch).
Marvin D. Metheny, Guard to Guard

Joseph H. Young, Lead Foreman (Lock
Operations) to General Foreman (Lock
Curtis L. Coate, Leader Lock Operator
(Electrician) to Control House Operator.
Hugh C. Christie, Leader Lock Operator
(Machinist) to Lead Foreman (Lock
Robert L. Johnson, Lock Operator (Ma-
chinist) to Leader Lock Operator (Ma-
Raymond L. Rowley, Lock Operator (Elec-
trician) to Leader Lock Operator (Elec-
Clifford 0. Blake, Maintenanceman to
Maiximo Amaya, Cement Finisher (Limited)
to Cement Finisher.
Eustace G. Collins, Helper Lock Operator
to Leader Maintenanceman (Rope and
Wire Cable).
Pastor C6rdoba, Victor M. Perez, Leandro
Rivas, Marcial Rodriguez, Jose A. Si-
bauste, Gabriel Zapateiro, from Line-
handler to Boatman.
Vicente Clare, Dock Worker, Terminals
Division, to Linehandler.
Theodore McEntosh, Linehandler to
Helper Lock Operator.
Raimundo Ceballos, Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator (Small), Commu-
nity Services Division, to Linehandler.
Alsay Thomas, Utility Worker, Supply
Division, to Linehandler.
Bruce A. Chase, Laborer, Maintenance
Division, to Linehandler.
Stephen A. Bissell, Accountant to Super-
visory Accountant, Accounting Division.
Community Services Division
Vivian G. Corn, Alan B. Lancaster, Clerk,
to Housing Project Assistant.
Isaac Guizado, Laborer (Pest Control), to
Eduvigis Rangel, Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator (Small) to Grounds
Maintenance Equipment Operator.
Alejandro Acosta, Laborer to Grounds
Maintenance Equipment Operator.
Supply Division
Willy W. Nowotny, Service Center Super-
visor to Restaurant Manager Caterer.
Lois H. Cotton, Sales Clerk to Accounting
Clerk, Office of General Manager.
George Thorbourne, Guest House Assistant
to Accounting Assistant .
Olianda A. De Alvarado, Accounting Clerk
to Accounting Assistant.
Rudolph Adonia, Warehouseman to Leader
High Lift Truck Operator.
Cleveland G. Griffith, Lester Payne, Utility
Worker to Storekeeping Clerk.
Edith S. Fitzroy, Counterwoman to Sales
Ivanhoe A. Harris, Jr., Utility Worker to
Grocery Attendant.
Jorge D. Denkley, Pinsetter to Utility
Ethlyn L. Ashby, Waiter (Special) to
Presser (Flatwork).




A Big One

Underwater excavation in widening of the narrowest parts of the Panama Canal from 300
to 500 feet often means encountering big rocks not shattered by banks blasting. Above, in
the 13/ cubic yard bucket of a dredge, is a big one weighing between 20 and 30 tons. It is
being drilled to take the dynamite charge which will fragment it.

41p- ~~~t-.4

Ruth C. Sawyer, Secretary (Stenography)
to Clerical Assistant (Stenography),
Water Transportation Division.
Albert D. Lord, Clerk to School Bus
Driver, Motor Transportation Division.
Winston K. Binns, Helper Locomotive
Engineer to Brakeman, Railroad Divi-
Terminals Division
George Atkinson, Vibert G. Rose, Freight
Clerk to Cargo Checker.
Randolph H. Blake, Alvin Girdwood,
Cargo Marker to Clerk (Checker).
Miguel Rivas, Helper (General) to Main-
George S. Clarke, Utility Worker, Supply
Division, to Cargo Marker.
Charles G. Warren, Linehandler (Deck-
hand), Navigation Division, to Steve-
Hubert E. Williams, Waiter, Supply Divi-
sion, to Laborer (Cleaner).
not involve changes of title:
Jerry W. Mitchell, Trial Attorney (Admi-
ralty), Office of General Counsel.
Walter T. Williams, General Attorney,
Office of General Counsel.
Russel E. Hellmund, Richard C. Hogan,
Charles F. Schonert, Finance Branch
Superintendent, Postal Division.
Edwin C. McIlvaine, Accounting Assistant,
Office of General Manager, Supply
James G. Slice, Guard Supervisor, Locks
Donald Ponder, Marine Traffic Controller,
Navigation Division.
Sarah D. Cheney, Secretary (Stenography),
Dredging Division.
Clyde W. Carew, Accounting Clerk, Ter-
minals Division.
Nemesio S. Kelly, Rail Rodriguez, Clerk,
Locks Division.


V :..- --- -_


The blast, set off electrically with the rock submerged 8 to 10 feet, cause little surface
turbulence. The water reduces the sound of the blast and reduces the "fly" of fragments.
The charge for this shot was four sticks of 1% by 12-inch 60 percent dynamite. These
pictures, taken by a Panama Canal official photographer, were among several used in
a recent issue of Engineering News-Record.

Nerve Center Of The Canal
(Continued from p. 7)

bulk carriers through with no snarls:
ships such as the National Defender
and Orion Hunter, both with 104-foot
beams; and in speedy, safe transiting
of Navy task forces, such as the one
last November. During the Cuban
crisis, military vessels plus normal
traffic pushed the number of ships
arriving for transit to 60 for a single
day, on November 5.
The duties of the Chief of the Navi-
gation Division at times require him
to act as referee in resolving differences
of opinion on scheduling of clear-cut
transits northbound or southbound, or
whether a ship will be delayed when
a pilot requests a tug and no tug is
available, or whether the pilot will be
ordered to proceed without a tug.

Should a northbound clear-cut transit
be scheduled for priority, when timing
of arrival is borderline? The decision
isn't necessarily on a first come first
served basis, but on the basis of the
best scheduling for all the ships.
Working directly under and coordi-
nating with the Marine Bureau Direc-
tor, the Navigation Division Chief
supervises and coordinates activities of
the port captains and, through them,
the harbormasters. He also maintains
liaison with the appropriate officials of
the Republic of Panama, when neces-
sary, and maintains the most cordial
relations possible with the customers,
shipping agents, and other representa-
tives of ship owners and operators.



50 years c4go
THE CONCRETE penitentiary build-
ing at Culebra, abandoned in October
1911 because of slides on the west bank
of the Cut menacing its stability, has
been demolished. The slide area never
had broken back to the building, but
the possibility of its doing so made the
building useless.
Gen. Rafael Reyes, ex-president of
Colombia, arrived on the Isthmus. For
1/ years he had been traveling exten-
sively in Spain, the United States, Cuba,
and most of the South American coun-
tries in behalf of a project for erecting
a statue to Vasco N6liez de Balboa at
the Pacific entrance of the Canal.
The Panama Tramways Company
prepared to open its Central Avenue
line to the public, with cars to leave the
National Palace every 10 minutes for
Hotel Tivoli and Ancon Hospital station
and vice versa. The fare was 5 cents
between any two points on the line in
one direction.

EMPLOYEES who retired in June are
listed below, with positions, and years
of Canal service:
Ross A. Aldrich, test operator-foreman,
(electrician) Electrical Division, Atlan-
tic Side; 27 years, 11 months, 3 days.
Walter F. Allen, chauffeur, car of te
President, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion, Pacific Side; 22 years, 4 months,
8 days.
Christopher T. Brewster, helper automo-
tive machinist, Motor Transportation
Division, Pacific Side; 24 years, 7
months, 12 days.
Miss Jeanne E. Brown, teacher, Senior
Iligh, U.S. Schools, Canal Zone Divi-
sion of Schools, Pacific Side; 31 years,
8 months, 5 days.
Nelson R. Clark, supervisory marine traffic
controller, Port Captain's Office, Atlantic
Side; 21 years, 4 months, 11 days.
Richard E. Cox, administrative services
assistant, Supply Division, Pacific Side;
33 years, 2 months, 27 days.
Miss Claudette de Villafranca, staff nurse
(tuberculosis), Corgas Hospital; 8 years,
3 months, 17 days.
Ronald A. Faunce, electrician, Electrical
Division, Atlantic Side; 22 years, II
George P. Fullman, leader, instrument
mechanic, Maintenance Division, Pacific
Side; 23 years, 9 months, 19 days.
Juan A. Loaiza, stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 37 years, 10 months,
18 days.
William J. MeKeown, fuels wharfman,
Terminals Division, Atlantic Side; 21
years, 5 months, I day.

25 ?Jears cAo
Balboa, a $1,220,000 project, was near-
ing completion. Except for Madden
Dam, it was one of the largest projects
since the close of the construction era.
Lock gates at Miraflores Locks lost
their claim to the title as the tallest in
the world, at 82 feet, when the lower
gates of Bonneville Dam in the Colum-
bia River in the United States were
installed. They tower 100 feet above
floor level.
Advance press representatives were
arriving to cover the visit of President
Roosevelt to the Isthmus scheduled for
August 5.

10 yearJs c4o
LICENSING OF dogs in the Canal
Zone started, with an August 1 dead-
line. Registration, vaccination, and li-
censing teams, as a convenience to dog
owners, spent 1 day in each of 10 Canal
Zone towns.

Concepci6n Molinar, laborer, Maintenance
Division, Atlantic Side; 22 years, 9
months, 11 days.
Emerson Newball, stevedore, Terminals
Division, Atlantic Side; 33 years, 2
months, 18 days.
WVilnoth L. Raymond, winchman, Ter-
minals Division, Atlantic Side; 12 years,
10 months, 12 days.
Ilubert A. Rotenberry, lead foreman,
painter, Dredging Division; 20 years,
2 months.
Herman Small, stevedore, Terminals Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 45 years, 4 months,
12 days.
lenry White, warehouseman, Supply Divi-
sion, Atlantic Side; 47 years, 2 months.










Contracts for 5,000 head of beef at
a total cost of more than $675,000
were awarded to seven Republic of
Panama suppliers. The aggregate cost
was approximately twice that of any
contract ever before awarded by the
Panama Canal to cattle growers in the
Appointment of Sigurd E. Esser as
superintendent of Canal Zone Schools
was announced.
Hours of the cafeteria in the base-
ment of the Administration Building
were cut back from a 6 a.m. to 4 p.m.
schedule to a 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. operation.

One year c4o
THE PANAMA Canal Women's Wel-
fare Group was formally organized at
a coffee given by Mrs. Robert J.
Fleming, Jr., wife of the Governor of
the Canal Zone.
The seismograph at Balboa Heights
registered an intense earthquake at
3:15 a.m. July 26. It was estimated that
the epicenter was in or near Costa Rica
and that it was grade V intensity on
the Mercalli scale.
Five local sportsmen made sporting
history by swimming from a point near
Fort Kobbe to the beach in Taboga,
a distance of approximately 10 miles.
They made the swim in 4 hours and
10 minutes, using snorkles, masks and
The last blast of dynamite in Zone II
of the $12,300,000 Empire Reach cut
widening section was set off, complet-
ing the major contract work started
early in 1960.


'62 '63 '62 '63
205 11 10 12187
) 1536 101(9) 59 15247
() Locks Overhaul Injuries Included in total.


12 AUGUST 1963




(On the basis of total Federal Service)

lerival O. Maynard

Harry F. Butz

Alfonso R. Allman
Aubrey A. Baxter
Launch Operator
Gustavo Fields
Helper Plum
Cyril C. Gord
Onesiphar E. Laval
Helper Machinist

Guy R. Lord
Chief Engineer, Towboat
Willia Rowe
i, igineer, Towboat
Joseph rd
Helpe) ( 'neral)

Joseph White

Doris C. Etchberger
Statistical Clerk (Stenography)
Frank E. Hirt
Window Clerk
Armella R. Hutchings
Teacher (Elementary-
U.S. Schools)
Vera E. Jones
Teacher (Elementary-
U.S. Schools)
Ella Lombroia
Kindergarten Assistant
Robert R. Urquhart
R. P. O'Connor, Jr.
Customs Inspector

Boyd W. Ferry
Lead Foreman Sheet Metal
C. B. Ocheltree
Master, Towboat
Donald B. Tribe
Supervisor Chemist
Rudesindo Espinosa
Telephone Instrument
Hubert M. Evans
Helper Armature Winder
Leonard A. Grant
Jacinto Guerra R.
Alcides A. L6pez
Laborer (Heavy)
Casimiro Lozano
Laborer (Heavy)
Ralph McFarlane
Boiler Tender
R. R. F. Olascoagas
Oiler (Floating Plant)
Hezabiah Richards
Antonio Torres S.
Leader Seaman


Fronia Fender
Staff Nurse (Obstetrics)
Thomas C. Lear
Funeral Director
Anna B. Rheney
Medical Radiology
Technician (Diagnosis)
Lucas Diaz
Hospital Food Service
Marcos Palacios

Ernest C. Stiebritz
Lock Operator (Machinist)
Wenceslao I. Arce
Helper Electrician
11 onilla
*nte (Mainte ce
ucio ig eroa

Leader Calker (Wood)
John Lincoln
Linehandler (Deckhand)

Antonio Martinez
Linehandler (Deckhand)
Job ar ott

Nicols ennin doza
Helper Lock Operator
Salvador Miranda
Helper Lock Operator
Nestor A. Lincolina C.
Pinter maintenancee)

Melanio Moreno
Paintonioer (Martintenance)

Gerald A. Roberts
Linehandler (Deckhand)
NicolAs Mendoza

Manuel Sanchez M.
BoatmanHelper Lock Operator
David Ser rano
Helper Lock Operator
Nestor A. Molina C.

Helpainter (Mainist (enarine)
Stanley E. Smith
Linehandler nance)
Gerald A. Roberts
Linehandler (Deckhand)
Manuel Sanchez M.
David Serrano
Helper Machinist (Marine)
Stanley E. Smith

William J. Kilgallen
Position Classification
NM. O. O'Sullivan
Personnel Clerical Assistant
Leon S. Will
Milk Products Plant Manager
Pedro A. Alvarado
Utility Worker
James Barnett
Laborer (Heavy)
Alfonso Bayne
Sales Section Head
Alberto A. Camposano
Utility Worker
Francisco Cafiate
Helper (General)
Agustin Coronado
Laborer (Cleaner)
Alberto G6mez
Utility Worker
Efrain L6pez M.
Laborer (Cleaner)
Rogelio Lozano
Garbage Collector
Mary L. Meikle
Winifred B. Palacio
Stock Control Clerk
Pedro Perez
Carlos A. Uriarte
Gas Cylinder Checker
and Serviceman
Santana VAsquez
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Thomas F. Hunt
Liquid Fuels Gager
Tracy P. White
Luis Armuelles
Victor S. Garcia D.
Truck Driver
Teodoro Menjivar
Helper Automotive Mechanic
(Body and Fender)

The following table shows the number of transits of large, commercial vessels (300 net
tons or over) segregated into eight main trade routes:
Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963
Avg. No.
1963 1962 Transits
United States intercoastal------- ___________ 100 118 170
East coast of United States and South America --.--_ 584 617 458
East coast of United States and Central America _- 144 104 123
East coast of United States and Far East -- ______ --520 576 271
United States/Canada east coast and Australasia_- 85 75 52
Europe and west coast of United States/Canada -__- 218 231 182
Europe and South America ------------------ 334 299 124
Europe and Australasia ----__- _____________ 98 110 83
All other routes_ ---------------743 760 372
Total traffic --------------------_-- 2,826 2,890 1,835

Vessels of 300 tons net or over
(Fiscal Years)

Transit Gross Tolls
Transits (In thousands of dollars)
Month --------- ---- ; --
Avg. No. Average
1963 1962 Transits 1963 1962 Tolls
1951-55 1951-55
July 1962 - - 978 931 557 $4,980 $4,776 $2,432
August- - ------- 950 934 554 4,926 4,749 2,403
September- - ----- 909 892 570 4,617 4,523 2,431
October- - - --- 882 935 607 4,411 4,646 2,559
November- - ---- 924 891 568 4,684 4,443 2,361
December - - -- 947 938 599 4,983 4,870 2,545
January 1963 - -- 769 917 580 3,871 4,735 2,444
February-_-__- -841 841 559 4,313 4,388 2,349
March --___ --- 991 980 632 5,084 5,098 2,657
April- --- -- - - 919 942 608 4,761 4,961 2,588
May ----_____ 988 984 629 4,991 5,122 2,672
June -_- _-_- 919 964 599 4,747 4,979 2,528
Total for
Fiscal year__ 11,017 11,149 7,062 $56,368 $57,290 $29,969
Before deduction of any operating expenses.


Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963
1963 1962 1951-55
iNationality-- ---------------------
Nationality Number Tons Number Tons Average Average
of of of of number tons
transit cargo transits cargo transit of cargo
British- - --- 355 2,074,923 344 2,384,222 299 1,812,242
Chilean - 35 242,528 27 193,901 16 88,080
Chinese- ----- 14 93,406 23 157,444 9 72,660
Colombian -- - 55 86,787 65 100,485 38 43,967
Danish - - - 85 365,303 79 492,661 65 245,718
Ecuadorean_ 15 8,012 11 13,761 35 22,014
French-----__ 29 193,814 37 342,052 31 134,662
German---- - 270 911,852 292 949,716 57 146,661
Grcek -- -___ 147 1,547,707 198 1,883,243 28 249,194
Honduran-_-_. 55 40,210 15 27,805 114 130,927
Israeli---_- 14 52,438 19 43,372 - -
Italian- - - 44 254,143 45 283,730 36 197,097
Japanese- ---- 202 1,178,847 214 1,167,418 70 497,278
Libcrian - - 234 2,134,795 213 1,922,555 51 333,268
Netherlands---- 172 750,307 163 719,084 31 160,545
Nicaraguan - 17 26,006 .5 10,269 24 24,894
Norwegian - 353 2,637,979 381 3,079,083 206 916,735
Panamanian --- 138 626,773 104 435,904 108 596,566
Peruvian ------ 23 79,038 31 103,399 5 10,626
Philippine------ 17 64,956 18 66,724 5 37,985
Swedish---___ 80 466,713 85 527,505 50 196,815
United States_ 425 2,448,114 469 2,646,283 546 3,536,809
All others--.. 47 275,925 52 292,791 11 86,101
Total---- 2,826 16,560,576 2,890 17,843,407 1,835 9,540,844

THE CHIC Santa Mariana, second
ship in a series of four new passenger-
cargo ships of the Grace Line, made its
second transit of the Panama Canal
July 12 en route to Port Newark, N. J.,
and completion of its maiden voyage.
The Santa Mariana was named for
Ecuador's 17th-century Santa Mariana
de Jesuis de Paredes.
Passengers on the northbound voyage
included Capt. Richard G. Jack, Marine
Director of the Panama Canal since
January 1961 and his family. Captain
Jack's new assignment is Commanding
Officer of the U.S. Naval Receiving
Station in Brooklyn, N.Y.
The Santa Mariana will be a regular
Canal customer with an itinerary that
includes stopovers in Colombia, a Canal
transit to South America's Pacific coast,
and a stop at Guayaquil, Ecuador. Her
sister ship, the Santa Magdalena, has
gone into drydock after completing six
voyages from Port Newark, N.J., to the
Caribbean and South America's Pacific
coast. After a general checkover, the
Santa Magdalena will join her sister
cargo-cruise ship.

CARGO RECORDS have been estab-
lished by the collier Nagano on two of
its three transits of the Panama Canal.
On her maiden voyage to Japan the
ship carried a record cargo of coal. On
her transit the middle of July the
Nagano carried 48,218 tons of iron ore,
a record figure for cargo tonnage.
The Nagano, owned by Oswego
Ocean Carriers, Ltd., and operated by
the Marine Transport Lines, Inc., is
under Liberian registry and has a
Chinese captain, Capt. T. S. Hsuing,
and all-Chinese crew.
The record cargo of iron ore was
loaded in Guayacan, Chile, and is
destined for Sparrows Point, Md.
The previous record for iron ore
cargo to transit the Panama Canal was
46,265 tons, almost 2,000 tons below
the Nagano's load.
Because the ship was so heavily
loaded, a daytime transit was scheduled
and the Nagano was No. 2 in the day's
Canal traffic.
The Nagano is 757 feet long and has
a 102-foot beam. Wilford & McKay are
the Panama Canal agents for the ship.

PANAMA CANAL shipping tables
for the fourth quarter of fiscal year
1963 appear on these pages. Tables
for the full fiscal year will be pub-
lished in the September issue of

14 AUGUST 1963

Refitted, New Route
THE MV DONIZETTI, whose maiden
transit of the Panama Canal was marked
by an exchange of gifts between Dr.
Giuseppe Ali, Director General of the
Italian Line, and Panamanian and
Canal Zone officials, is the first of three
Italian Line motorships to go into
service after being refitted for the
Mediterranean-Central America-South
Pacific route.
A sistership, the MV Verdi, sailed
from Genoa July 9 and the MV
Rossini is due to go into service on
December 19.
The three motorships replace the
Navigator class of ships, the Marco
Polo, the Amerigo Vespucci, and the
Antoniotto Usodimare, which for 15
years contributed greatly to maritime
connections between Central and South
America and Mediterranean Europe.
The Donizetti and her sister-ships
have considerably greater tonnage,
more than 4,000 tons, than the ships
previously in service; are more sea-
worthy; have increased speed-17V2
knots-which reduces the time of pas-
sage by about 3 days; and have
air-conditioning in all rooms.
The three ships have two classes; first
with 170 berths in single, double and
triple cabins, all with private bath or
toilet and shower. The tourist class has
a capacity of 446 berths, mostly in
double or four berth cabins and a high
percentage of these have private baths.
The three ships also have excellent
equipment for carrying cargo, mail, and
passengers' automobiles.

Luxury Tanker
SPECIAL accommodations for children
are a feature on the Jetta Dan, an oil
tanker built in Denmark recently for
J. Lauritzen of Copenhagen. The chil-
dren's playroom built on top of the
engine casing is for the use of the
children of the ship's officers and crew
who, according to company rules, may
take their wives and children with them
for a certain number of days every year.
Family accommodations are provided
on most of the Lauritzen ships which
use the Panama Canal regularly.
Usually there are three to four children
aboard depending on the trade in which
the ship is plying. The Jetta Dan is
695 feet long and has a beam of 91 feet.
She has luxurious accommodations
for the crew, is completely air condi-
tioned and probably is the first oil
tanker to have children's accommoda-
tions. C. Fernie & Co., agents for the
line at the Canal, say that the Jetta Dan
is on an irregular schedule which may
bring her through the Canal sometime


SFourth Quarter Fiscal Year 1963

Commercial vessels:
Ocean-going -____ ______
Small *----____ .
Total commercial__-_ __
U.S. Government vessels: **
Ocean-going- ------------
Small -
Total commercial and U.S. Gov-
ernment ___--_ ___

Atlantic I Pacific I









34 42 76 58
8 13 21 43



*Vessels under 300 net tons or 500 displacement tons.
**Vessels on which tolls are credited. Prior to July 1,
ships transited free.



1951, Government-operated

Pacific to Atlantic

(All cargo figures in long tons)

S Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963


Ores, various __------------------
Lumber- - - ---- - --
Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) --
Wheat _----- - - - -----
Sugar _____---- -----------
Canned food products - - - - -
Nitrate of soda - - - - - - - -
Fishmeal - - ------------
Bananas ---- --- --- --- --------
Metals, various---_----------------
Food products in refrigeration (except fresh
fruit)_------ - - - -
Coffee --____-----------------
Cotton, raw___________- _---
Iron and steel manufactures __--- --
Pulpwood ________----- ---------
All others ______- -- ----
Total -----_---------------











Atlantic to Pacific

I Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 1963


Petroleum and products (excludes asphalt) -
Coal and coke ___------ ----------
Iron and steel manufactures -----------
Phosphates .__- ____-.- -- ----
Soybeans ---------- ------------
Metal, scrap ----------------------
Corn _--- ------ -------------
Wheat __ -----------------
Paper and paper products__------------
Bauxite _-------------------------
Machinery ----------------------
Flour, wheat and potato -------------
Chemicals, unclassified ------ --------
Automobiles and parts __------------
All others ---- ----------
Total- ___------------- -----





8,805,591 9,915,904



Avg. No.
1962 Transits

Total Total




...-ra i1 ,--
.. .. ..sX....... w "
'I **, 3
....wser, wampremai mlly
,4ll m -U qinalleesmansymmps

SS Corinthie, his present command, no stranger to Canal waters.

Master's First Transit In 1919; 91st One Near

SHAW-SAVILL Commodore Capt.
Arthur C. Jones, who- has transited the
Panama Canal 90 times in nearly half
a century of sea duty, was expected to
arrive at the Canal Saturday, August 3,
homeward bound for the United King-
dom and retirement. Sixty-three of
his Canal transits have been in the
SS Corinthic, his present command, a
vessel of 15,682 gross tons engaged in
the United Kingdom-New Zealand
trade via the Panama Canal.
Captain Jones, son of a Church of
England minister, was born in Somer-
set, England, in July 1898. His grand-
father and great-grandfather were both
in command in sail. The latter was lost
with his ship off the China Coast.

1963 1962
Commercial .............. 919 964
U.S. Government ......... 30 13


6 7
955 984

Commercial.... $4,749,806 $4,979,769
U.S. Government 112,843 97,860
Total.... $4,862,649 $5,077,629

Commercial.... 5,462,322
U.S. Government 79,962
Free .......... 35,613
Total.... 5,577,897


*Includes tolls on all ve.els. ocean-going and small.
"Cargo figures are in long tons.

Captain Jones commenced his
apprenticeship at sea with the Ellerman
& Bucknall Line October 13, 1915,
joining the SS Bechuana. He subse-
quently served in seven other vessels
in this line over a period of 9 years.
His first voyage through the Panama
Canal was about the middle of 1919.
He joined the Shaw-Savill Line in
February 1925 and served in 16 of the
company's ships, his first command
being SS Samrich, former Liberty ship
Wm. Pitt Preble, in November 1946.
He joined his present vessel, SS Corin-
thic, in September 1951. Upon com-
pletion of this voyage, he says, he
intends to spend his time attending to
gardening and other hobbies.



1000 M
900 R
700 A
600 T

16 AUGUST 1963

-(AVERAGE 1951
!1 1 1


196 2

Transits, Cargoes Off
TRANSITS and cargo tonnage during
the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1963,
just past, show a drop of 64 in transits
and cargo tonnage off nearly 1.3 million
tons from the level for the same period
of 1962. Complete statistics for the
quarter appear on pages 14 and 15.
In contrast, a year ago, figures for
the fourth quarter of fiscal year 1962
had shown increases in both transits
and cargo tonnage.
For the fourth quarter of 1963,
among major nation customers, only
Panamanian, Liberian, and British flag
vessels showed substantial increases in
number of transits, and while the
Liberian flag cargo was up more than
200,000 tons and Panamanian flag
ships' cargo tonnage up nearly 200,000
tons, the British vessels carried
approximately 300,000 tons less cargo.
Greek ships had 51 fewer transits and
a cargo tonnage drop of about 300,000
tons. Transits by Norwegian flag vessels
were off 28 and cargoes dropped by
more than 400,000 tons. U.S. ships
made 44 fewer transits and carried
almost 200,000 tons less cargo.
Figures for ships of 22 nations on
the listing of Canal commercial traffic
by nationality of vessels reveal that 14
had tonnage decreases, only eight ton-
nage increases; 13 had decreases in
number of transits, and only 9 had
increases in transits.
The largest number of transits in the
fourth quarter were made by U.S. flag
ships, with British flag vessels second,
and Norwegian, third. In cargo ton-
nage, however, the Norwegian vessels
carried more than 2.6 million tons to
top this list. The U.S. ships' total was
a little above 2.4 million tons.

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