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Title: Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00067
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publication Date: April 1962
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097366
Volume ID: VID00067
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
 Related Items
Other version: Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Front Matter 3
        Front Matter 4
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Back Matter
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Back Cover
        Page 29
        Page 30
Full Text















UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES




















Digitized by the Internet Archive


University


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of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie129pana





PANAMA CANAL
' A- \


/S
IN THIS ISSUE
You and Executive Order 10988
From Walla Walla to Panama
Challenges of the Present
Bridge Spectacular


.4

.j..I\


~L,- "i i:


C- 5d 4 7 1







ROBER J. FLEMING, JR., Governor-President
\\. P. LEBER, Lieutenant Governor


Panama


p k% _k% !k CkN LL


.S:
Bl BITTEL
photographer


Going Up and Over


Thatcher Ferry Bridge


THE HEAVIEST SINGLE LIFT scheduled during construction
of Thatcher Fern' Bridge was completed successfully early in
March, as the steel framework of the structure inched skyward
from the side-of-channel piers toward its sweeping center crest.
Securely fastened to the main load block of the 300-foot boom
of the barge-floated crane being used to lift truss members and
other parts to the highest points of the bridge, the 98-ton mass
of steel was lifted almost straight up to its assigned position,
where the skilled men working for John F. Beasley Construction
Co. bolted and pinned it securely into place.
The massive section, shown being fitted into place in the cover
photo, represented more than simply the heaviest single piece
of superstructure to be lifted for the bridge. It also was the first
major section of the tied-arch, suspended span which will swoop
high above the waterway. (For additional striking photos of
construction work on the bridge, including one of the 9S-ton
section being tugged upward, see pages 12 and 13.)
As March ended, each day's work was visibly lessening the
distance remaining to be spanned by the soaring crest of the
bridge. Officials in charge of the project estimate that by mid-May
tile protruding ends of the bridge will have met and been fastened
together above the channel. .Much work still will remain
to be done after that, but from a visual standpoint most of it
will be anticlimax.

The 820 million bridge is scheduled for completion this fall
and present plans call for it to be opened to traffic this fall.
While the tons of steel which make up the supporting super-
structure of the bridge still are being moved into place, work
is progressing on paving of the roadway which the bridge will
carry across the Isthmian waterway.
Simultaneously, work was moving forward on the widening
and extension of the new 4-lane street which will lead to and
from the bridge on the east side of thle channel. The new and
improved approach roadway is slated to be ready for use when
the last yard of concrete on the bridge roadway, the final lighting
fixture, the finishing daub of pailt, ias been put in place and the
formal opening ceremonies completed.


Index





Needed: Water, Water, Water

Isthmian Visitors_

Program for Better Healt,.

Local Unit of AAUP Chartered

A New Era Ahead: Executive Order 10988-

Challenges of the Present

The Building of a Bridge

Sewing Circle in Cativa

The Long Arm of Friendship

Payoff-for Suggestions and Superior
Performance _-- .

Interesting People_

northh Knoilwini

anniversariess

Promotions and Transfers

Canal History

Pop Makes the Roles

Retirements

Shipping


APnIL 6. NI'll2


WVILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication nolcorlal nssiran,
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD and To
\VILLIAM BURNS, Official Pt
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal ZoneLL BURN, Official P
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights. C. Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights. C. Z.


N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor
r' -l' -_' l A -_' .- _






NEEDED:


Water,



Water,



WATER




Studies now being
made to find best
way to meet needs.


Hydroelectric power generated at Madden causes no loss of water


ANY ISTHMIAN NEWCOMER who
watches the almost daily deluges of the
rainy season might find it difficult to
believe that lack of water ever would
become a problem here. But those
familiar with the Canal operation and
the almost rainless months of the dr\
season recognize the very real and con-
tinuing concern about the available
supply of water.
Every complete lockage from one
ocean to the other requires 52 million
gallons of water, which is approxi-
mately the same amount as an industrial
Stateside city of 50,000 would use in a
week's time. It is true that this amount
of water, vast as it is, nevertheless is
only the proverbial "drop in the bucket,"
compared to all the rainfall here.
The gimmick that might trick the
newcomer watching the rainy season
weather is that there also is an annual
dry season from january to May. Most
of the water to be used during those
months must be stored during the rainy
season. It is this necessity for storing
water during the rainy season to sustain
Canal operations during the dry season
that causes furrowed brows among
Canal officials.
At the present time, Canal storage
facilities are capable of impounding
somewhat less than one-fourth of the
average available runoff. The increasing


Canal traffic of recent ears and conse-
quent increases in the use of water for
ship transits is causing fresh concern
about future water requirements for the
first time since 193.5, when Madden
Dam was completed.


In recent \ ears, there have been brief
and minor water shortages during extra-
dry seasons. These have resulted in
temporary reductions in the allowable
draft of transiting vessels. Even these
temporary limitations, minor as the few


. But dry season use of h1)droelectrie generators at Gatun do result in loss.


~I, L
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4 % U .


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW





inches they involve may seem to lay-
men, often result in economic loss to
shippers and, consequently, the ulti-
mate consumer, who must pay the
increased cost. For example: If the
limitations force a vessel to reduce its
potential cargo from 30.000 tons to
28,000 tons, the per-ton shipping cost is
increased b1 about 7 percent, inasmuch
as ship operating expenses remain
virtually the same, regardless of the
amount of cargo carried.
To enable the Canal to more ade-
quately and continously serve the needs
of world shipping, three possible ave-
nues of action are being considered by
the Engineering and Construction Bu-
reau to increase available water during
dry seasons. They are:
1. Conservation, during dry seasons,
of water stored in Madden and Gatun
Lakes.
2. Increasing the storage capability
of Catun Lake.
3. Creation of additional reservoir
storage.
The most easily accomplished of the
possibilities-greater conservation of
present water storage-already is far
along in both planning and actual
implementation. Chief among the
conservation measures are plans for
reducing and eventually eliminating
completely the generation of hydro-
electric power at Gatun. at least during
severe dry seasons. Two gas turbine
generators have been ordered by the
Engineering and Construction Bureau
from Westinghouse Electric Corp., and

Underwater blast was part of study made
about the feasibility of building a
darn across Trinidad arm of Gatun Lake.


-. 'i


- -


are scheduled for installation before the
beginning of next dry season, to at least
partially replace the electric power
needs now supplied by Gatun IHydro-
electric Station during dry seasons.
Studies now are being made about pos-
sible purchase of additional thermal
generating units to further reduce the
need for hydroelectric power generation
at Gatun.
Conservation of Gatun Lake water
by eliminating its use for generating
electricity during dry seasons would
enable present water storage to provide
for a minimum of 35 lockages daily,
approximately 5 more than present
requirements. Generation of electrical
power at Madden Ilydroelectrie Station
would continue, because all water
released for generating purposes there
flows into Catun Lake, where it can
be used for lockage purposes.
Elimination of power generation at
Catun is important from a water con-
servation standpoint because of the vast
amount of water such power generation
requires. To generate enough electri-
citv at Gatun to operate 10, 2-ton air
conditioning units for a month takes
approximately the same amount of
water as required by a complete lock-
age from ocean to ocean. Or, stated
another way, four families with monthly
Canal Zone electricity bills of $26.50
would, as a group, be using enough
water per month to provide for one
ocean-to-ocean transit if the power were
generated at Catun.
The second means of improving the
water supply situation-by increasing
the storage capability of Gatun Lake-
could be accomplished bv deepening
the channel or increasing the maximum
level of the lake. The result of either
deepening the channel by 5 feet or
raising the maximum level of the lake
by 5 feet would be to add a minimum
capability of at least 9 additional lock-
ages per da). If both were done, it
would add (double this, or S1 lockages
per dlay.
Of these two possibilities, deepening
the channel appears to be more attrac-
tive because it is relatively simple and
inexpensive compared to increasing the
maximum level of Catun Lake. Such
an increase in the level of the lake
would require extensive-and expensive
-changes in the Locks, dams, and many
other Canal installations and, at least
for the present, is considered too costly
for the potential benefits. It also would
decrease the ability of the lake to absorb
sudden, heavy rainfalls, thus increasing
the danger of it flooding with poten-
tially disastrous consequences for Canal
installations and operations.


Deepening of the channel would
add to the storage capability of the
lake because it would permit the
minimum level of the lake to be reduced
below the present minimum of 82 feet.
Each foot of additional reduction
would, of course, represent additional
storage capability for the lake.
The third means of increasing water
available during the dry season-by
creating additional reservoir storage-
includes two major possibilities. One
would be construction of a new' dam on
the Chagres River above Madden Dam.
The other would be construction of a
dam between an arm of Gatun Lake
and the main body of the lake. Only
the latter possibility. involving part of
the existing Gatun Lake, is being
given serious consideration at tht
present time.
Studies indicate that construction of
a dam across the so-called Trinidad arm
of Catun Lake and raising the water
level behind it to a maximum of 98
feet, or 11 feet above the present maxi-
mum level of the lake, would provide
storage space for enough water to per-
mit 9 additional lockages per day dur-
ing the dry season. Such a project also
would proxy ide other benefits, including
greater potential for hydroelectric
power generation.
In addition to these three major pos-
sibilities, studies also are being made
relative to pumping large quantities of
water back into Gatun Lake from below
Gatun Dam. Such pumping would be
done during the dry season to keep
the lake at the level necessary for
navigation purposes.
With lockages now averaging almost
30 per day and traffic increasing stead-
ily, Canal officials hope to meet future
water requirements for some years by
eliminating dry season electrical power
generation at Gatun and deepening the
channel through Gatun Lake or building
a Trinidad Dam, or both.
The Canal officials are confident that
\water requirements can be met by these
means for many years to come. Imple-
menting these plans will, of course,
necessitate continuing improvements
over the years ahead to keep abreast of
needs. But improvements are nothing
new' for the Isthmian waterway. There
has been steadN improvement of it
throughout much of the period since it
was opened in 1914, thus keeping it
abreast of world shipping needs and
enabling it to provide efficient service
to world commerce. Providing adequate
water storage to meet future ned-.
is, therefore, simply another step i,
the continuing improvement of tl.I
Isthmian crossing.


- r up


APIuL 6, 1962


* -
I.- -































Capt. Farmer and other Canal officials discuss


TWO LONGTIME EMPLOYEES
of the Canal, Russell 13. Potter and
Thomas C. Coleman, paid a return visit
to the Isthmus last month and toured
the Canal widening work along Empire
Reach.
For Mr. Potter, who retired in 1946,
the trip to the Empire Reach project
was a homecoming of sorts. His earliest
residence in the Canal Zone was in the
construction-era townsite of Empire in
1905. Despite the intervening years,
Mr. Potter has many memories of the
area and was able to identify various
old foundations and other ofhjects for
personnel of Project Engineer C. \W.
Ml,-. Brandl's office.


Caal ai i Saa
Canal operations with Seaway visitors.


Thomas G. Coleman, former superin-
tendent for the Municipal Engineering
Division, also was able to add to tlhe
lore about the area. Both men voiced
their interest in the difference between
present earthworking techniques and
those used during the construction era.
Mr. Potter and Mr. Coleman, accom-
panied by their wives, return to the
Isthmus periodically to visit children,
grandchildren, and friends. The Cole-
mans' children are Mrs. John Dombroxw-
sky of Diablo Heights and Mrs. James
Pattison of Curundlu. The Potters' chil-
dren are Richard Potter and Mrs. Ross
Cmnningham of Balboa.


ISTHMIAN VISITORS


Mr. and Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt.


C. P. Barton. Assistant Project Engineer, with 1. B. Potter and T. G. Coleman.


'p _


'if


V~r


.: .,*


\-


EXCEPT for the marked difference in
climate, executives of the St. Lawrence
Seaway who visited the Isthmus last
month found they had a lot in common
with the men \who run the Panama
Canal.
R. J. Burnside, Director of Operations
and Maintenance of the St. Lawrence
Seaway Authority, and D. MacKenzie,
General Operations Superintendent of
the Seaway, spent a week on the Isthmus.
The two men asked a series of ques-
tions about operation and maintenance
of the Isthmian waterway during an
informal meeting with Capt. Claude S.
Farmer, Acting Marine Director at the
time: Ro\ C. Stokhlam, Chief of the
Locks Division; and P. A. White, Chief
of the Dredging Division.
The two, both associated with the
Canadian Government, were particu-
larly interested in the Locks of the Pan-
ama Canal. The locks of the Seaway
are SO feet wide and can accommodate
ships up to 730 feet in length, compared
with the Panama Locks of 110 feet
wide and 1,000 feet long.



THE BRONZE BUST of her husband's
famous grandfather Theodore Roose-
velt was of special interest to Mrs.
Kermit Roosevelt as she and her hus-
band stopped in the rotunda of the
Administration Building at Balboa
Heights during a brief visit to the Isth-
mius last month. Mr. Roosevelt had been
to the Isthmus when only a few months
old. but had not been back since. That
first visit was made while the family
was returning from Argentina at the
time of World War 1.














i..5" -

i +
/







Dr. Jose J. Calder6n


Dr. Luis A. Puyol


For Disability Relief Annuitants



Program For Better Health


THE ACTIVE and determined effort
of the Panama Canal organization to
improve the medical care, living con-
ditions, general health, hygiene, diet,
and en\ironnent of the more than 2,900
cash relief annuitants of the Company
Government who live on the Isthmus
has made several major advances during
recent months
These forward movements have cen-
tered on improved medical care now
being provided as a result of expanding
the former Visiting Nurse Program into
a Home Medical Assistance Prograam,
with five full-time nurses, one full-time
doctor, and two half-time doctors
employed in the effort.
The Visiting Nurse Program, as origi-
nally established in September 1960 by
order ol the Board of Directors of the
Panama Canal Company, authorized
the employment of three nurses to work
among the disability relief annuitants,
many of whom are in need of regular
or occasional 1 nursing care.
With a year's experience as a guide,
the Board of Directors last October
ordered an expansion of the prograln to
include the services of the doctors and
I\wo additional Inurses now1 employed.
All mnrses and doctors are Puanamanianl
citizenIs.
At tie same time as the additional
personnel was authorized, the Board
directed that medicii'lls and drugs pres-
cril)ih bC i doctors for the annuitants
are to b( .1..1 to them free of
chairgel as ; rl prograll. Prescrip-
tion drugs are issued through Gorgas


and Coco Solo Hospitals, with the
Personnel Bureau paying for them.
Dr. Jos6 J. Caldcr6n, a former public
health physician in Panama, is the full-
time doctor employed on the Pacific
side of the Isthmus. Dr. Luis A. Puvol
and Dr. Ernest C. Bynoe. Jr., share the
task on the Atlantic side. In addition to
his medical duties, Dr. Calder6n has
been named to supervise the work of
the two doctors on the Atlantic side and
all five nurses.
Mrs. Nelly B. Cantillo is supervisory
visiting nurse, with responsibility for
scheduling work of the other nurses
and maintaining high standards of per-
formance by them. Dr. Calder6n and
Mrs. Cantillo plan the work schedule
a week in advance, making assignments
to the other nurses each Friday for tlhe
following week.
Dr. Sidney B. Clark, Chief of tlhe
Division of Preventive Medicine and
Quarantine, serves as advisor-consultant
for the program and all problems per-
taining to the medical profession are
discussed with him.
\ith the new personnel now\ well
established in the routines of the
expanded program, Dr. Calder6n and
Mrs. Caitillo have made plans to con-
tinue the investigative home visits to
all cash relief annuitants. This program,
started under the Visitin( Nurse Pro-
grain, is aimed at establishing a card
file of pertinent information about each
anmuitant living on the Isthmus. About
150 remain to be seen for the first time
and it is believed all of them \ ill have


b een N i ,.,.i .-it 1, r i .,- ,,., I... 1- I.l
end of I .... i
IM u c .I i I... 1. I ,, l ._,, I,, l, ,, I ...
a n d tli. ,l....r l. i: .], I, i ,i ,. .i l l. .
d evoted 1 i, ...... i l,, i ,ia i .n..-II ,111.
serious l[Il..is.l I ., iI. -,.. 217 II..d.
ridden .1111111.n .. O..., 11i I'.. i *.i '11
the Isthmus and ou on the Atlmntic
side. Several hundred more I.InI.-
periodic care.
The effect of all this effort?
Personnel Director Edwaid N.
Doolan, whose Bureau is responsil.I. Il..
operation and administration of tli- I'".
gram, says it is difficult to ass..-, 1I,
value from any statistical stand l..l,,i
but notes that there has been a ,I. lii..
in the death rate among the di- iil. ..
relief annuitants.
"We believe," Mr. Doolan said "il. i
the decrease in the number o Ii....
dying among this aged group .11, I.
attributed largely to this progrin ... ii
the additional medical care man.. I, ,
received as a result of the -, ....I .
Health Insurance Program iiir ii.,
among them in February I'lI.
Approximately 2.500 of the annm..I..I.
carry the insurance.
Robert Van Wagner. Employe. *". r -
ices Officer, who is directly resp.',...ll..
for supervision and administra-,..., ..I
the program, sees the results :I':. ...
more direct association with tl:. ii .i
and women it has benefitted.
"These okl people need and d t..i..
help," he says. "A lot of them e ,1,, in
here to see the doctor, one of the I ....ii


APrIL 6. I'lO-'


D)l. !:.il-t C. BhIuI-. Ir.





or me, and they all let you know they
appreciate what is being done. 1 think
this program has given them a lot of
security that thev didn't have before.
Now they can go to a doctor without
fear that it will cost them the money
they need for food and rent."
Mr. Van Wagner says the program
probably will be improved and possibly
expanded as time goes on. Exactly what
form or forms any addition or expansion
of the program will take has not been
determined fully, but a potential\
major contribution to the well-being of
the annuitants is a plan under which
surplus foods from the United States
may be brought here at Panama Canal
Company expense for distribution to
them, along with their cash relief checks.
Hopes are that arrangements may be
completed for the first of the surplus
food to arrive here within 4 to 6 weeks,
then be divided and distributed among
the annuitants, man\ of \\hom report-
edlly are ill-nourished onr inder-nourished.
Other efforts to improve the lot of
the annuitants also may result from a
petition delivered to Governor Fleming
late in March by a delegation of
annuitants from the Atlantic side. The
petition, signed by 500 Atlantic-side
annuitants, asked that the cash relief
payments to them be increased, a move
that depends upon congressional action.
Governor Fleming assured the delega-
tion that every consideration will be
given the petition, although he pointed
out that he could not promise any
immediate results. The present pay-
ments to annuitants range from about
$25 to $55 per month.
With the recently hired physicians
now available to follow up in cases of
illness discovered by the nurses in their
visits to the homes of annuitants, the
nurses report an incidental effect
which they believe indicates some of the
intangible results of the program.
"Many of these old people have
become so used to being ignored by
almost everyone," one of the nurses
commented, "that they frequently fail
to keep their rooms or homes tidy or
even reasonably clean. And a lot of
times they wouldn't follow medical
advice. It's different now, though. Most
of them follow the doctor's orders and
do their best to keep their quarters
clean. I think one reason is that they're
never sure when one of the doctors or
nurses is going to stop in-and their
pride makes them want everything in
order."
Thus, the program not only is improv-
ing the health care received by the
annuitants but also is providing them
with revived interest in life and
their surroundings.


Charter members of Canal Zone Chapter of AAUP pose with President Turbyfill.


Recognition of Professional Stature


Local Unit of AAUP


Chartered


A CANAL ZONE CHAPTER of the
American Association of University
Professors was officially launched last
month as Lt. Coy. W. P. Leber presented
the charter from the national organiza-
tion to Subert Turbyfill, first President
of the Chapter.
Organization of the local unit of the
AAUP gives recognition to the profes-
sional stature, attainments, and accom-
plishments of faculty members of the
Canal Zone Junior College, which long
has been fully accredited by the Middle
States Accrediting Association and
approved by leading cultural and edu-
cational bodies in the United States.
Although younger and consequently\
having far less membership, the AAUP
is for college professors what the Ameri-
can Medical Association is for doctors
and the American Bar Association is for
attorneys. At the present time, the
AAUP has more than 600 chapters
among the 2,000 colleges of the nation,
with more than 50,000 professor-
members.
Charter members of the local unit,
in addition to President Turbyfill, are
Charles R. Bowen, Vice President;
Margaret Catel, Secretary-Treasurer;


Jacque E. Cook, James H. Johnson,
James A. Lyons, De Witt E. Myers, and
Kenneth \'. Vinton.
Before the presentation of the charter
by Lieutenant Governor Leber, brief
remarks were made by 1. I. Everson,
Director of the Civil Affairs Bureau;
Sigurd E. Esser, Superintendent of
Schools; Roger C. Hackett, Dean of
Canal Zone Junior College; President
Turbyfill; and Vice President Bowen.
The AAUP, with national headquart-
ers in Washington, D.C., is a constituent
member of the American Council on
Education and member of the Interna-
tional Association of University Profes-
sors and Lecturers. Independently and
in cooperation with other organizations,
it has sought the formulation, recogni-
tion, and observance of principles and
practices necessary to the free quest for
knowledge. An explicit enunciation of
the professional view, the Statement of
Principles on Academic Freedom and
Tenure, was formulated by the AAUP
jointly with the Association of American
Colleges, and has been endorsed by
many colleges, universities, and national
organizations.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


IL --q -
m~if ?






EXECUTIVE ORDER 10988


Employee-Management Cooperation

in the Federal Service






A NEW ERA



AHEAD


THE STAGE has been set for a new
era in relations between employees of
the U.S. Government and the man-
agement of the governmental units
for which they work, including the
Canal organization.
An Executive order clearly establish-
ing the rights of Federal employees to
organize and to participate in the form-
ulation of personnel policies affecting
them and their working conditions is
the basic element of the stage-setting.
Signed by President Kennedy on Jan-
uary 17, Executive Order No. 10988
entitled "Employee-Mlanagement Coop-
eration in the Federal Service," will exert
a major influence on the future prac-
tices, procedures, activities, and rela-
tionships of employee organizations and
the management of the Canal enterprise.
A major objective of the Executive
order, as expressed in the explanatory
preamble, is that "subject to law and
the paramount requirements of public
service, employee-management relations
within the Federal service should be
improved by providing employees an
opportunity for greater participation in
the formulation and implementation of
policies and procedures affecting the
conditions of their employment."
Although the order permits the head
of a Federal agency located outside the
United States, such as the Canal organi-
zation, to suspend any provision of the
order \\hen it is considered necessary
in the national interest, Canal Zone
Governor Fleming, has made it clear
that he intends to implement the intent
of the order through appropriate rules
and regulations.
A committee composed of the Secre-
ta rf Labor as chairman, the Secretary
of I tse, the Postmaster General,
and the C airman of the Civil Service
Commission ow is preparing a report
Implementation of the Executive


order. The Canal's Personnel Bureau is
awaiting the suggested "guidelines" for
implementing the order which are to
result from the committee's work. It
may be a number of weeks before the
guidelines are received and detailed
work on appropriate rules and regula-
tions for the Canal organization can
be started.
Commenting on the Executive order,
Governor Fleming said, "There are a
number of problems which must be
worked out before regulations can be
issued, but I know they can be resolved
through careful study by officials of the
Personnel Bureau, in consultation with
representatives of Canal employees.
"The Personnel Bureau has been
instructed to prepare the necessary rules
and regulations to transform the Execu-
tive order from a directive on what the
President wants done into a working
plan for accomplishing it. Employee
representatives will be consulted in
regard to these rules and regulations
and I, personally, will carefully review
them before they are issued.
"I want to assure all employees that
uppermost in my mind, while consider-
ing the rules and regulations, will be
the objective of faithfully adhering to
the intent of the Executive order and
insuring that the procedures established
will bring the full benefits of the order
to the more than 14,000 employees of
the waterway.
"Even at this preliminary stage of
our study of the Executive order," the
Governor continued, "it is apparent
that two major problems which will
arise in implementing it are (1) the
type of recognition to be given employee
organizations and (2) deciding what
constitutes an appropriate unit for
recognition purposes.
"Fortunately, these two problems are
recognized by employee organizations


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.\APmi. 6. 1.)62





ship in any employee organization.
(b) The rights described in this sec-
tion do not extend to participation in
tne management of an employee organ-
ization, or acting as a representative
of any such organization, where such
pa ticipation or activity would result in
a convict of interest or otherwise be
incompatible with law or with the
official duties of an employee.
Section 2. When used in this order,
the term "employee organization"
means any lawful association, labor
organization, federation, council, or
brotherhood having as a primary pur-
pose the improvement of working con-
ctitions among Federal employees, or
any craft, trade or industrial union
whose membership includes both Fed-
eral emplo ees and employees of pri-
vate organizations; but such term shall
not include any organization (1) which
asserts the right to strike against the
Government of the United States or any
agency thereof, or to assist or partici-
pate in any such strike, or which
imposes a duty or obligation to conduct,
assist or participate in any such strike,
or (2) which advocates the overthrow
of the constitutional form of Govern-
ment in the United States, or (3) which
discriminates with regard to the terms
or conditions of membership because
of race, color, creed or national origin.
Section 3. (a) Agencies shall accord
informal, formal or exclusive recogni-
tion to employee organizations which
request such recognition in conformity
with the requirements specified in see-
tions 4, 5 and 6 of this order, except
that no recognition shall be accorded
to any employee organization which the
head of the agency considers to be so
subject to corrupt influences or influ-
ences opposed to basic democratic
principles that recognition would be
inconsistent with the objectives of
this order.
(b) Recognition of an employee
organization shall continue so long as
such organization satisfies the criteria
of this order applicable to such recog-
nition; but nothing in this section shall
require any' agency to determine
whether an organization should become
or continue to be recognized as exclu-
sive representative of the employees in
any unit within 12 months after a prior
determination of exclusive status with
respect to such unit has been made
pursuant to the provisions of this order.
(c) Recognition, in whatever form
accorded, shall not-
(1) preclude any. employee, regard-
less of employee organization member-
ship, from bringing matters of personal


Section 14. The head of each
agency, in accordance with the pro-
visions of this order and regulations
prescribed by the Civil Service Com-
mission, shall extend to all employees
in the competitive civil service rights
identical in adverse action cases to
those provided preference eligibles
under section 14 of the Veterans'
Preference Act of 1944, as amended.
Each employee in the competitive
service shall have the right to appeal
to the Civil Service Commission from
an adverse decision of the adminis-


concern to the attention of appropriate
officials in accordance with applicable
law, rule, regulation, or established
agency policy, or from choosing his
own representative in a grievance or
appellate action; or
(2) preclude or restrict consultations
and dealings between an agency and
any veterans organization with respect
to matters of particular interest to
employees with veterans preference; or
(3) preclude an agency from consult-
ing or dealing with any religious, social,
fraternal or other lawful association, not
qualified as an employee organization,
with respect to matters or policies which
involve individual members of the asso-
ciation or are of particular applica-
bility to it or its members, when such
consultations or dealings are duly
limited so as not to assume the charac-
ter of formal consultation on matters
of general employee-management pol-
icy or to extend to areas where recogni-
tion of the interests of one employee
group may result in discrimination
against or injury to the interest of
other employees.
Section 4. (a) An agency shall accord
an employee organization, which does
not qualify for exclusive or formal
recognition, informal recognition as
representative of its member employees
without regard to whether any
other employee organization has been
accorded formal or exclusive recog-
nition as representative of some or all
employees in an\" unit.
(b) When an employee organization
has been informally recognized, it shall,
to the extent consistent with the effi-
cient and orderly conduct of the public
business, be permitted to present to
appropriate officials its views on matters
of concern to its members. The agency
need not, however, consult with an


trative officer so acting, such appeal
to be processed in an identical
manner to that provided for appeals
under section 14 of the Veterans'
Preference Act. Any recommenda-
tion by the Civil Service Commission
submitted to the head of an agency
on the basis of an appeal by an
employee in the competitive service
shall be complied with by the head
of the agency. This section shall
become effective as to all adverse
actions commenced by issuance of a
notification of proposed action on or
after July 1, 1962.


employee organization so organized in
the formulation of personnel or other
policies with respect to such matters.
Section 5. (a) An agency shall accord
an employee organization formal recog-
nition as the representative of its mem-
bers in a unit as defined by the agency
when (1) no other employee organiza-
tion is qualified for exclusive recog-
nition as representative of employees
in the unit, (2) it is determined by the
agency that the employee organization
has a substantial and stable member-
ship of no less than 10 per centum
of the employees in the unit, and (3)
the employee organization has submit-
ted to the agency a roster of its officers
and representatives, a copy of its con-
stitution and by-laws, and a statement
of objectives. \When, in the opinion of
the head of an agency, an employee
organization has a sufficient number
of local organizations or a sufficient
total membership within such agency,
such organization may be accorded
formal recognition at the national level,
but such recognition shall not preclude
the agency from dealing at the national
level with any other employee organiza-
tion on matters affecting its members.
(b) When an employee organization
has been formally recognized, the
agency, through appropriate officials,
shall consult with such organization
from time to time in the formulation
and implementation of personnel
policies and practices, and matters
affecting working conditions that are of
concern to its members. Any such organi-
zation shall be entitled from time to time
to raise such matters for discussion with
appropriate officials and at all times to
present its views thereon in writing. In
no case, however, shall an agency be
required to consult with an employee
organization which has been formally


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Appeal Rights Equalized





recognized with respect to any matter
which, if the employee organization
were one entitled to exclusive recog-
nition, would not be included within
the obligation to meet and confer, as
described in section 6(b) of this order.

Section 6. (a) An agency shall recog-
nize an employee organization as the
exclusive representative of the em-
ployees in an appropriate unit when
such organization is eligible for formal
recognition pursuant to section 5 of this
order, and has been designated or
selected by a majority of the employees
of such unit as the representative of
such employees in such unit. Units may
be established on any plant or instal-
lation, craft, functional or other basis
which will ensure a clear and identi-
fiable community of interest among the
employees concerned, but no unit shall
be established solely on the basis of the
extent to which employees in the pro-
posed unit have organized. Except
where otherwise required by estab-
lished practice, prior agreement, or
special circumstances, no unit shall be
established for purposes of exclusive
recognition which includes (1) any
managerial executive, (2) any employee
engaged in Federal personnel work in
other than a purely clerical capacity,
(3) both supervisors who officially eval-
uate the performance of employees and
the employees whom they supervise, or
(4) both professional employees and
nonprofessional employees unless a
majority of such professional employees
vote for inclusion in such unit.
(b) When an employee organiza-
tion has been recognized as the exclu-
sive representative of employees of an
appropriate unit it shall be entitled to
act for and to negotiate agreements
covering all employees in the unit and
shall be responsible for representing
the interests of all such employees with-
out discrimination and without regard
to employee organization membership.
Such employee organization shall he
given the opportunity to be represented
at discussions between management and
employees or employee representatives
concerning grievances, personnel pol-
icies and practices, or other matters
affecting general working conditions of
employees in the unit. The agency and
such employee organization, through
appropriate officials and representatives.
shall meet at reasonable times and con-
fer with respect to personnel policy and
practices and matters affecting working
cn editions so far as may be appropriate
suibjet t o law and policy requirements.
This extends to the negotiation of anl
agreement, or any question arising
lc render, the determination of appro-


private techniques, consistent with the
terms and purposes of this order, to
assist in sucn negotiation, and the exe-
cution ot a written memorandum of
agreement or understanding incorpo-
rating any agreement reached by the
parties. In exercising authority to make
Stiles and regulations relating to person-
nel policies and practices and working
conditions, agencies shall have due
regard for the obligation imposed by
tils section, but such obligation shall
not be construed to extend to such
areas of discretion and policy as the
mission of an agency, its budget, its
organization and the assignment of
its personnel, or the technology of
performing its work.
Section 7. Any basic or initial agree-
ment entered into with an employee
organization as the exclusive represent-
ative of employees in a unit must be
approved by the head of the agency or
any official designated by him. All
agreements with such employee orga-
nizations shall also be subject to the fol-
lowing requirements, which shall be
expressly stated in the initial or basic
agreement and shall be applicable to all
supplemental, implementing, subsidiary
or informal agreements between the
agency and the organization:
(1) In the administration of all mat-
ters covered by the agreement, officials
and employees are governed by the
provisions of any existing or future laws
and regulations, including policies set
forth in the Federal Personnel Manual
and agency regulations, which may be
applicable, and the agreement shall at
all times be applied subject to such
laws. regulations and policies;
(2) Management officials of the
agency retain the right, in accordance
with applicable laws and regulations,
(a) to direct employees of the agency,
(b) to hire, promote, transfer, assign,
and retain employees in positions within
the agency, and to suspend, demote,
discharge, or take other disciplinary
action against employees. (c) to relieve
employees from duties because of lack
of work or for other legitimate reasons,
(d) to maintain the efficiency of the
Government operations entrusted to
them, (e) to determine the methods.
means and personnel by which such
operations are to be conducted; and
(f) to take whatever actions may he
necessary to earry out the mission of
the agency ill situations of emergency.

Section 8. (a) Agreements entered
into or negotiated in accordance with
this order with an employee organiza-
tion which is the exclusive represent-
ative of employees in an appropriate


unit may contain provisions, applicable
only to employees in the unit, concern-
ing procedures for consideration of
grievances. Such procedures (1) shall
conform to standards issued by the
Livil Service Commission, and (2) may
not in any manner diminish or impair
any rights which would otherwise be
available to alny employee in the
absence of an agreement providing for
such procedures.
(b) Procedures established by an
agreement which are otherwise in con-
formity with this section may include
provisions for the arbitration of griev-
ances. Such arbitration (1) shall be
advisory in nature with any decisions
or recommendations subject to the
approval of the agency head; (2) shall
extend only to the interpretation or
application of agreements or agency
policy and not to changes in or proposed
changes in agreements or agency policy;
and (3) shall be invoked only with the
approval of the individual employee or
employees concerned.
Section 9. Solicitation of member-
ships, clues, or other internal employee
organization business shall be con-
ducted during the non-duty hours of
the employees concerned. Officially
requested or approved consultations and
meetings between management officials
and representatives of recognized
employee organizations shall, whenever
practicable, be conducted on official
time, but any agency may require that
negotiations with an employee organi-
zation which has been accorded exclu-
sive recognition be conducted during
the non-duty hours of the employee
organization representatives involved in
such negotiations.
Section 10. No later than July 1,
1962, the head of each agency shall
issue appropriate policies, rules and
regulations for the implementation of
this order, including: A clear statement
of the rights of its employees under the
order; policies and procedures with
respect to recognition of employee
organizations; procedures for cletermin-
ing appropriate employee units; policies
and practices regarding consultation
with representatives of employee organ-
izations, other organizations and indi-
vidual employees; and policies with
respect to the use of agency facilities
by employee organizations. Insofar as
nmay be practicable and appropriate,
agencies shall consult with represent-
atives of employee organizations in
the formulation of these policies, rules
and regulations.
Section 11. Each agency shall be
responsible for determining in accord-

10 APRIL 6, 1962





ance with this order whether a unit is
appropriate for purposes of exclusive
recognition and, by an election or
other appropriate means, whether an
employee organization represents a
majority of the employees in such a unit
so as to be entitled to such recognition.
Upon the request of any agency, or of
any organization which is seeking exclu-
sive recognition and which qualifies for
or has been accorded formal recogni-
tion, the Secretary of Labor, subject to
such necessary rules as he may pres-
cribe, shall nominate from the National
Panel of Arbitrators maintained by the
Federal Mediation and Conciliation
Service one or more qualified arbitra-
tors who will be available for employ-
ment by the agency concerned for either
or both of the following purposes, as
may be required: (1) to investigate the
facts and issue an advisory decision as
to the appropriateness of a unit for pur-
poses of exclusive recognition and as to
related issues submitted for considera-
tion; (2) to conduct or supervise an
election or otherwise determine by such
means as may be appropriate, and on an
advisor\ basis, whether an employee
organization represents the majority of
the employees in a unit.
o 0 a
Section 13. (a) The Civil Service
Commission and the Department of
Labor shall jointly prepare (1)
proposed standards of conduct for
employee organizations and (2) a pro-
posed code of fair labor practices in
employee-management relations in the
Federal service appropriate to assist in
securing the uniform and effective
implementation of the policies, rights
and responsibilities described in this
order.

Section 15. Nothing in this order
shall be construed to annul or modify,
or to preclude the renewal or continua-
tion of, any lawful agreement hereto-
fore entered into between any agency
and any representative of its employees.
Nor shall this order preclude any agency
from continuing to consult or deal with
any representative of its employees or
other organization prior to the time that
the status and representation rights of
such representative or organization are
determined in conformity with this order.


Copie. available
COMPLETE COPIES of Executive
Order No. 10988, the major perti-
nent parts of which are printed in
the foregoing article, can be obtained
from the Personnel Bureau at
Balboa Heights.


Governor Fleming
addresses annual
meeting of
engineers.













Challenges of the Present

"Emotional, Social, Human"


"THERE ARE always people in any
society\ who have closed their minds to
everything outside their own ever-
narrowing viewpoints," in the opinion
of Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., writing
in the lead editorial of the March-April
issue of Tihe Military Engineer magazine.
"These people," Governor Fleming
says, "can become dangerous when
they can grab popular causes and use
thcm as a cloak. Their militancy then
gives them influence far beyond their
worth. And the atmosphere of confusion
so created can become a tremendous
passive roadblock in the way of positive
solutions to our problems."
The Governor, who often has voiced
his concern with "human values," also
discussed what he termed the "excessive
chauvinism" of "self-appointed mes-
siahs" in a talk to the Canal Zone Soci-
ety of Professional Engineers late in
February. The talk, very similar in
thought and expression to the magazine
editorial,was the Governor's first public
speech since arriving on the Isthmus.
In both the speech and the magazine
editorial, which has been reprinted in
the Congressional Record at the request
of Rep. Daniel I. Flood, the Governor
expressed his disapproval of individuals
who blindly oppose all change, saying
such persons "hy pnotize themselves into
a belief that their narrow viewpoint is
normal." He asserted, "1 have no respect
for their judgment and I think they
are stupid."
"We have a priceless asset-the
American dream," the Governor told
his Canal Zone audience. "Many people


have tried to define it, but it has never
been defined better than in the Decla-
ration of Independence: 'We hold these
truths to be self-evident, that all men
are created equal, that they are
endlowed by their Creator with certain
unalienable Rights, that among these
are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of
Happiness.'
"That heritage of ours imposes a
responsibility on us," the Governor
continued. "The rest of the world ex-
pects us to live up to that ideal. The
emotional revolution and the explosive
pressures in the world today have been
triggered off to a great extent by other
people trying to follow the example
which Americans of past generations
have given them. We must, ourselves,
continue to follow that example."
He concluded by saying, "We Ameri-
cans have a job to do-we must raise
our sights and raise our minds in order
to do it. ... The past met material
challenges; their problems were im-
posed by physical conditions which
could be combatted physically. Present
obstacles are not physical; they are
emotional, they are social, they are
human. And meeting them is not as sim-
ple as overcoming physical adversity.
"To meet satisfactorily the challenge
of the human and emotional factors
with which we are now\ surrounded
requires an intellect with enough vision
to comprehend it, going beyond mate-
rial and finite facts. It also requires a
real dedication, in fact and not merely
in words, to the American dream of
equal opportunity for all."


THiE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


























Hold( ii 1141 it.


The Building of a Bridge


Ride to work. THE VITAL STATISTICS of the three-
span, arch-truss type, high-level Thatcher
*P Fens rIidge ale:
Length: 5,425 feet in 14 spans, abut-
imeent to abutment.
Longest span: 1,128 feet, across
channel.
Height above watei: 201 feet clearance
*at high tide.
Height to highest point: 384 feet above
mean sea level.
\Width of approach spans: 34 foot road-
way, with three traffic lanes, and
a 4-foot walk.
Width of tied-arch span: 42-foot road-
way, with four traffic lanes, and
a 4-foot walk
Roadway\: 7-inch reinforced concrete.
Foiiiidations: Reinforced concrete
ablIutnments and piers testing oni firm
rock or on reinlfor.ced concrete cais-
sons swhichli extend down to firm rock.
Designer: Svtedrup & Parcel & Associ-
Sats. Inc.. of St. Louis.
Con tractors and bid prices, major
contracts:
Substructure: Fruin Clnon Inter-
national, S.A.-Le Boeuf &
Donghert, Iinc.. a joint ventule,
of St. Louis,
S Superstructure: John F. lteasley
Constructinn Co., Dallas.
\'West approach. L. H. Sommer,
Pillll.,in.
East approach and paving of both
/ east and \\west approach.
Bildon. Inc., Panama.
/ 7Tivoh Ave. widening and extenl-
sioll, Isthmianll Constructors, Inc.
Total estimated cost, $20 million.

12


'' %aic Ii. .1 .I 0 li C U .


C l ii,, Ilbe gap.


1L1111' ".1 (10'ow


B.dill. -, 11m. 11d TileJ1C ~I!


11.f I % I I I










SEWING



CIRCLE



Women of Cativa learn
sewing art with assist-
ance of Mrs. W. P. Leber


Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Lcber with Cativa


children and members of sewing class.


THE WOMEN of Walalla \lla in the
State of Washington, U.S.A., and those
living in the little town of Cativa, Colon
Province, Republic of Panama, are
thousands of miles apart geographi-
cally and, with only rare exceptions,
never will meet face to face. Despite


A newly-made dress for Cativa miss.




-pr


TT


V


/I


this, however, close bonds of friendship
have been established through the
medliium of needles and thread and sew-
ino material, with Mrs. W. P. Leber,
wife of Canal Zone Lieutenant Gov-
ernor Leber. serving as intermediary.
Bright and early every Monday
morning, Mrs. Leber loads her ear w ith
contributions of materials sent by the
Women's Guilds of Walla Walla, and
Zone contributions, adds a supply
of hot coffee and cookies, then sets
off for Cativa, on the Atlantic side of
the Isthmus.
At Cativa, about 30 women gather
in the church-the center of village
activities-for the wveekl\ sewing class
which Mrs. Leber conducts. The class
has become the weekly high point of
the village women's social activities.
Scrap materials, together with needles
and thread are handed out, and fingers
begin to fl). Mrs. Leber's slogan for her
Cativa serving class is "make one thing
for yourself, and one for someone else."
Thus even the poorest attain a sense
of pride in sharing, those unable to
participate in the class benefit, none-
theless, and the entire community\ gains.
The women in the sewing class take
great pains with, and as much pride
in. the articles they make for someone
else as they do in those they make for
their own use or for their families.
One vyong woman showed Mrs.
Leber an attractive shirt she had com-
pleted and with considerable pleasure
announced that this was her contribui-


tion to someone else. Haltingly, she
added that she had never before been
able to give anyone else a gift, and she
seemed to gain stature as she placed
her donation in Mrs. Leber's hands.
Some of the women, as their contri-
bution to someone else, are working on
the blouses, skirts, shirts, and trousers
which are the local school uniform.
"This year," they say, "we'll make sure
that every child in Cativa will have a
school uniform and no one will have
to stay home because they have nothing
suital;le to wear."
The Walla Walla women are happy
about their participation in the project.
As they've written Mrs. Leber, herself
a former Walla Walla resident, for the
first time they know exactly where their
contributions are going and what is
being done with them. The Cativa
women are pleased and thrilled with
the sewing skill they are learning under
Mrs. Leber's guidance. Moreover,
they have a precious sewing machine,
carefully housed in the church.
Jos6 Dominador Bazzin, Second Vice
President of the Republic of Panama,
recently wrote to the Women's Guilds
of Saint Paul's Church, Walla Walla:
"The residents of the small town of
Cativa, near Colon, have told me of the
wonderful work being accomplished in
their village under the guidance of Mrs.
Walter P. Leber, who for the past sev-
eral months has been teaching a group
of local ladies to sew'. This project
would not be possible were it not

14 APuIL 6, 1962


r





for the cloth and other materials
which have been donated for use in
these sewing classes.
"I understand that the members of
your Guilds have sent many packages
of materials for use in this extremely
worthy cause, and I want to thank you
very much for your assistance.
"Projects such as this, in which peo-
ple are helped in helping themselves,
are most worthwhile and most benefi-
cial. Please express my sincere appre-
ciation to all members of your Guilds
for their generous assistance."
When Mrs. Leber, shortly\ after arriv-
ing in the Canal Zone, sought a project
to promote self-help among the needy,
rather than dole out charity, the Rev.
Victor Watson of Colon suggested the
village of Cativa, where man\ were
destitute and desperately in need of
help. Father Watson offered the use of
the village church and community
center, Mrs. Leber obtained a gift sew-
ing machine for use by her "pupils,"
appeals went out to individuals and
organizations, the ladies of \alla Walla
were contacted, contributions began to
come in, and the project was underway.
The Cativa women take turns using
the one sewing machine on Mondays
and the church caretaker has the keys
so that the machine may be used during
the week.
Designs are often unusual but al\ avs
colorful and every scrap is used. Skirts,
blouses, potholders, children's dresses,
and little boys' trousers, are among the
many articles made under the guidance
of "Bernie," as the village women
affectionately call Mrs. Leber.
A high point of Mrs Leber's visit to
Cativa is the "kaffee klatch" when a
rest break is taken, and the coffee and
cookies she brought are served.
In addition to the materials contri-
buted by the women of Walla Walla,
Mrs. Leber is receiving materials from
local people who have heard of the
project. Among these are Mrs. Ava
\iley of Balboa, Mrs. Eleanor Burnham
of Los Rios, Mrs. R. O. Theriault, T. G.
Relihan, and L. A. Ferguson, all of
Balboa Heights, and Mrs. Joseph
Farland, wife of the U.S. Ambassador
to Panama.
Almost any ring at Mrs. Leber's door-
bell may mean someone has brought
another box of pieces of material,
zippers, buttons, thread, rickrack braid,
and odds and ends that may be of
no use to the householder, but repre-
sent a treasure trove to Mrs. Leber's
sewing class in Cativa, a village where
the strange-sounding name of Walla
Walla has taken on special meaning
and significance.


= .
F o r- 9'--0 Z ,.--.


Eugenia D. Koutrousi
A TEENAGE GIRL and her older
brother may never travel far from their
native village of Serres, Greece, or meet
any of the three Canal Zone employees
who have befriended them for several
years, but it's a certainty that they'll
ne\er forget those Zone employees.
The girl, 14-year-old Eugenia D.
Koutrousi, now is serving an apprentice-
ship as a dressmaker, \w while her brother,
Leonidas, is completing an apprentice-
ship as a printer. Without the assistance
provided by their three friends in the
Zone, the brother and sister would be
working at menial, low-paying jobs
instead of learning trades.
The two Greek youngsters are the
children of a couple married in 1940.
The family survived World War II only
to see their home burned to the ground
during an attack by Communist guer-
rillas in the postwar civil disturbances
in Greece. The family moved to another
village, but Mr. Koutrousi was in poor
health and unable to work. Mrs. Kout-
rousi worked as a laundress and in the
tobacco fields to support the family.
After her husband died in April 1951,
Mrs. Koutrousi became ill and the
family's economic condition deterio-
rated to an extremely\ low point. They
lived in a single room with practically
no furniture, household goods, or even
adequate clothing.
In early 1953, the family's plight was
outlined to Fred E. Wells of the
Company Government's Transportation
Section, in response to a query he sent
to the Save the Children Federation
about the possibility of assisting in the
work of the Federation.
The information Mr. Wells received
was shown to his co-workers, L. W.
Peterson and Mrs. Barbara Hutchings.
Impressed with the Koutrousi family's
obvious need for help, the three decided


The



Long



Arm



of Friendship







to join in sponsoring Eugenia, who then
was only 5 years of age. To become her
sponsors" they pledged a yearly con-
tribution of $100, which since has been
increased to $150. Five years later, in
the summer of 1958, they increased
their aid to the family by also sponsor-
ing Leonidas, who then was 17 \ears of
age. They have continued to sponsor
both since that time.
In addition to their regular sponsor-
ship payments, the Zone employees also
have sent occasional gift packages and
cash presents to supplement the family's
meager standard of living. Brushing
aside compliments about their contri-
butions, the three sponsors say they are
quite happy with their 9 years as
sponsors, feeling they have been repaid
many times by the knowledge that their
assistance has provided a deserving
family with a better present and a more
promising future.

Leonidas Koutrousi


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW










PAYOFF



For suggestions

and superior
performance


Governor Fleming presents wateh to Porter MeHlan as Marine Director Capt. Richard
C. J.ack and Maurice B. Nickle. recently-named chief of Industrial Division, stand by.


THE LARCEST cash award ever
made for a single suggestion under
the Company Government's Incentive
Awards Program was presented last
month by Governor Fleming to three
employees of the Industrial Division
who devised a new procedure for
fabricating 28-inch pontoon pipes.
The three men, Owen J. Corrigan,
Ra\ 1M. Smith, and Cyrus W. Field,
each received checks for $260, repre-
senting one-third of the total award of
$780 for the suggestion. It is estimated
that the new procedure, utilizing
submerged arc welding, resulted inl
average annual sa vings of $23,633.


The three men were among 17
employees who, in a ceremony at
Balboa Heights, received cash awards
totaling 82,070 for suggestions and
superior service.
An Industrial Division employee also
figured in another recent action asso-
ciated with the Incentive Awards Pro-
gram. He is Porter M McHan, lead
foreman welder in the division's boiler
shop. Mr. lcHan was presented with
a gold watch by Governor Fleming in
recognition of having submitted the
most beneficial suggestion accepted
under the Incentive Awards Program
during 1961.


Governor Fleming with award winners Owen J. Corrigan, Ray Smith, and Cyrus W. Field.


I
5,


Mr. Mlcllan's suggestion also was
concerned with dredging pipe, but was
related to reconditioning of badly worn
ball joints rather than making the pipe.
During the March ceremony in which
the three Industrial Division employees
split the $780 award, five other
employees were awarded $100 or more.
One of the five Roy Burgener of
the Communications Branch, received
$375 as a supplemental award on a
suggestion for which he previously had
received $2.50, raising the total award
for the suggestion to $625. The supple-
mental award resulted from reevalua-
tion of a suggestion he made on conver-
sion of micro-wave impulse repeaters.
Two employees of the Atlantic Locks,
Walter D. Johnson, Lock operator, and
H. C. Christie, lead Lock operator,
divided a $400 superior service award
for development and improvement of
devices and procedures involved in the
overhaul of Panama Canal Locks.
A check for $225 went to Herman
H. Keepers of the Dredging Division
for suggesting a method by which the
sun switches used on acetylene gas
buoys can be remachined and adapted
for electrical operation. Warren D.
Mar( luard of the Supply Division re-
ceived a $100 check for developing an
improved procedure for stock control of
slow-moving items in the retail stores.
Other recipients and their awards
were: William T. Lyons, $25; Richard
A. McClean, $25: Calvin Shepherd,
$20; Mrs. Nina J. Jenkins, $20; Anthony
Malagutti, $20; Joseph L. Sestito, $26:
Alfredo Archibald, $20; and Paul
13adonskv, $15.


APHI. 6, 1962


1.4





"I DON'T FEEL much older now than
when I started," Vivian E. Johnson,
65-year-old native of Jamaica asserted
jovially, as he accepted the congratu-
lations and best wishes of the many
friends he made during almost 40 years
of employment with the Canal organi-
zation on the Pacific side. Mr. Johnson
retired at the end of February.
Known to hundreds of Pacific-side
employees and residents, the friendly
Administration Building messenger had
worked as waiter, motorcycle messen-
ger, and mail clerk during his many
years with the Canal enterprise.
On his final working day, Mr. John-
son acknowledged that he had never
handled anything more complicated
than a bicycle prior to applying for a
job as a motorcycle messenger the same
year as the Isthmian waterway went
into operation. He mastered the 2-
wheeled vehicle, however, and deliv-
ered official mail, packages, and mes-
sages aboard one of them until 1956,
when the motorcycle was replaced with
a light truck.
The retiree came to the Isthmus from
Jamaica in 1913 and wxxnt to work for
the Canal the same year. He had a short
break in service during 1914, but since
then has been employed continuously
by the waterway.


W .1 11 -- .-sa
Forrest G. Iunsmoor laughs at humorous card presented to Vivian E. Johnson on last
day of work. Package held by Mr. Johnson contains gift radio. Harold 1. Perantie watches.


On his last day of work, Mr. Johnson
was given a portable radio by his fellow
employees, with F. C. Dunsmoor,
Administrative Assistant and Deputy
Executive Secretary, making the pre-
sentation. Harold I. Perantie, Chief of


the Administrative Branch, also was on
hand for the informal farewell ceremony.
Mr. Johnson will spend his retire-
ment in Panama City, where he has
been making his home for the past
several years.


INTERESTING PEOPLE


LIKE A NUMBER of the hundreds of
skilled craftsmen who keep Canal equip-
ment and installations in ship-shape
condition and repair, Victor M. Bricefio
is a boilermaker. But a specialty within
the boilermaking trade gave Mr. Bri-
cefio a unique title in the Canal
organization for a number of years
and continues to provide him with
unique duties.
The title of boilermakerr, layerout,"
which Mr. Bricefio once carried, was
discarded about 5 years ago. His job
title now is boilermakerr inspector," but
he continues to be the leading and only
steady practitioner of "layerout" work
among Canal boilermakers.
Mr. Bricefio's specialty is roughly
similar in nature to the task a 'woman
faces when she buys a pattern and a
partial bolt of cloth, then sets out to
make herself a dress. There are a num-
ber of very sharp differences, however,
and these differences represent the train-
ing required of Mr. Briceino in contrast
to that required of the dressmaker.
The woman with the pattern has to
figure out howx best to pin the tissue-
thin pieces of the pattern to the cloth,
then follow the instructions provided.
Mr. Bricefio is not supplied with any


such simple and easily followed cutouts.
He must transfer shapes and sizes of
a scaled drawing or blueprint to the
heavy, tough plate of steel from which
the pieces are to be cut.
And, without benefit of cutouts
which can be shuffled around like
checkers to determine the most desirable
arrangement, Mr. Bricefio must deter-
mine howv to get the most pieces from
the plate of steel without wasting the
costly metal. A major measure of his
skill and ability is the speed and accu-
racy with which he can accomplish this.
A native and citizen of Panama, where
he was ornom on September 4, 1914,
just 20 days after the Isthmian water-
way was opened to commercial traffic,
Mr. Bricefio had studied at the Inclan
Institute in Havana, Cuba, before
becoming one of two Panamanian
youths selected for apprenticeships with
the Canal enterprise in 1931.
From 1935. when he completed his
apprenticeship, to 1948, Mr. Bricefio's
job title remained simply boilermakerr."
But in fiul of the latter year, the
additional word "layerout" was tacked
to it.
He acquired his present job title in
1959, but his duties still include the


I-


"laverout" work needed in the boiler
shop of the Industrial Division at
Mount Hope.

Victor M. Bricefio at work.


L IF



-.
b -J
::_ '^
*.iiii.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


t


~-c,












mq' 1
N
: .I
1 ,,,
"" '.,I ,.


:,... ..-... .

Capt. Axton T. Jones, Director of Transportation and Terminals Bureau, and Atlantic-
side softball players watch as Frederick J. Wainio accepts championship trophy on behalf
of Terminals Division team. Miss Elena Pamnell of Rainbow City made the presentation.


Worth Knowing


C(LASSICAL and modern ballet one night, and Spanish dances the other, were
presented in Balboa Stadium performances March 28 and 29 by pupils of Panama's National
Schol of Dance. The invitation to appear in the Canal Zone was extended by Governor
Flemingo, on behalf of the Canal Zone division of Schools, to the ministerr of Education of
the Republic of Panama and the Department of Fine Arts, which is under this Ministr..
A number of Zone children wlo study at the school were among thle performers.


-- -. -.


CONTINUING to follow its motto that
"A Healthy Body Houses a Healthy
Mind," the Atlantic Division Softball
League last month rounded out its
fourth year by awarding the League
Championship trophy to the Terminals
Division team.
Unlike some Stateside professional
leagues, the Atlantic Division Softball
League isn't dominated by one or two
outstanding teams. The Retail Store
Division team copped the top spot in
1959, the Industrial Division in 1960,
and the Locks Division in 1961. "Also
rans" have included teams from the
Health Bureau, Schools Division, Elec-
tiical Division. Maintenance Division,
Police Division, Fire Division, and
Grounds Branch.
A number of the participating teams
are sponsored b\ business firms in the
publicc of Panama, while other firms
have contributed prizes, according to
Alberto II. Dogue, President of the
League. Executive Board members of
the League, in addition to Mr. Dogue,
are Lloyd Smith, vice president; Walter
Clark, secretary-treasurer; Kelvin Bar-
nett, publicity ; Harold Rowland, public
relations; and Astor Lewis, advisor.
Noting that the annual softball season
is looked forward to with great enthu-
siasm by both players and spectators,
members of the Executive Board say
they believe such adult recreation "has
quite a lot to do with employee morale."

18 APIIL 6, 1962


WV'"





FUTURE archeological explorations in
the Canal Zone will be limited to
qualified representatives of museums,
universities, colleges, and other recog-
nized scientific and educational institu-
tions or societies in the United States or
on the Isthmus of Panama, if a bill
(H.R. 9946) submitted in the House of
Representatives becomes law.
Introduced at the request of the
Canal Zone Government, the proposed
law is designed to preserve as a public
heritage all items of prehistorical and his-
torical value and to increase knowledge
about such items.
If the proposal becomes law, permits
to allow qualified archeological explo-
rations in the Zone would be issued by
the Canal Zone Governor or appropriate
military and naval authorities "only to
reputable museums, universities, col-
leges, or other recognized scientific or
educational institutions or societies" or
their agents. The bill is designed to
clarify and make certain the law and
regulations governing archeological
explorations in the Canal Zone.
The bill also would provide that "no
person shall excavate, explore, injure,
destroy, or appropriate any prehistoric
or historic ruin, site, wreck, or other
thing of prehistorical value except as
authorized" under the law.
The bill provides that any object,
article, or thing of prehistorical or his-
torical value taken, removed, or appro-
priated without a permit, or contrary
to the terms of a permit, can he seized
whenever and wherever found by
any person authorized to enforce the
provisions of the law.
Anyone found guilty of violating the
proposed law would he punishable by
imprisonment for not more than
90 days, or by a fine of not more than
$50(, or both.



CONTINUOUS CONTRIBUTIONS
of both time and service to the Special
Education Association of the Canal
Zone by Forrest C. Dunsmoor since it
was founded almost 5 years ago were
rewarded last month with a dinner in
his honor at the Tivoli Guest House.
A bronze plaque was presented to
Mr. Dunsmoor by Gregorio Toribio of
Gamboa and a testimonu;a letter was
read by Mrs. Dorothy Bitter. The letter
said, in part, "You are responsible for
making the heavy hearts of parents
lighter and for helping to create a new
world of hope and happiness for the
handicapped," and concluded by recog-
nizing Mr. Dunsmoor's "Distinguished
service to handicapped persons and to
the community.'


THE CARNIVAL FEVER once more
has come to the Isthmus, gone its infec-
tious way, and departed, but memories
of the festivities linger.
There are the memories which the
various queens will cherish for mamn
years, the memories of those who
helped plan the celebration, the mem-
ories of those who participated in the
activities, and the memories of those
who did little more than observe.
In the Canal Zone community, there
are thousands who still relish the plea-
sure and excitement of the Carnival, but
six persons in particular retained very
special treasure troves of personal expe-
riences as the revelry was concluded
with the "burial of the fish."
Those six are the four girls who
reigned as queens in their respective
Canal Zone communities and the two
men who served as chairmen of Carni-
\val committees on the two sides of the


The clown of the
Sy ,, Canal organization's
float grinned in
delight at the
Carnival merriment.









Isthmus. In addition to their memories,
the four girls and the two chairmen
have letters of appreciation from Cov-
ernor Fleming expressing his admiration
for the manner in which tlhe\ fulfilled
their respective obligations.
The queens were: Miss Hazel Kirkland
of Coco Solo, Atlantic side; Miss Irene
Michaelis, Balboa, Pacific side; Miss
Sonva Thorne, Santa Cruz: and Miss
Yolanda Henlon, Rainbow City. The
chairmen were: Dwight Van Evera,
Pacific side; and Gilbert A. Sollas,
Atlantic side.
In addition to these six, there was
one other individual with a special
melnor of the 1962 Carnival. He is
Frank Kwai Ben of the Panama Canal
Company Engineering Division, who
earned a $100 prize for designing the
identical Canal Zone floats which par-
ticipated in the parades on both sdes
of the Isthmus.


Atlantic-side Queen Hazel Kirkland and her court reigned with beauty and poise.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SF CE BURE
Kenne O. ;eale
T( rn( Opera r

RI 'E B 'R AU
IId It Peua


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Murphy B. Alexander
Lead Foreman, Public Works
Wharfbuilder
Azariah Bunr
Helper Phl
Joseph M. Ford
Helper Electrici
Pierre A. Gibbs
Carpenter
Iloward Green
Leader Na tion Ai
Mainten. iceman
Arnold L. Sandi
Sheetmetal Worker


MARINE BUREAU
George M. Lowe
Supervisory Administrative
Services Assistant
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
E BUREAU
iet
f garbage C le or
J nathan A. S ctt
Automotive ramle Operator
TRANSPOI A ION AND
TERMl C LY BUREAU
uc . avo a
V I rer
Volner Swaby
Cargo Clerk


ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Kenneth Mason
Mail and File Supervisor
Ruhv L. Roberts
File Clerk
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Russell T. Rillison
Police Sergeant
HIollis Griffon
District Detective
Gardner R. larris
Police Private
Chrysostom A. Trapp
Leader Laborer Cleaner
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Amos C. Duncan
Oiler, Floating Plant
Arthur N. McFarlane
Helper Electronics Mechanic
F6lix G. L6pez
Oiler, Floating Plant
Pablo E. Troya
Seaman
Eric J. Salkey
Clerk
Ilarry F. Shannon
machinist, Maintenance
Antonio Palma
Wharfbuilder
Clovis Sinisterra
Oiler. Floating Plant
IIEALTH BUREAU
Herbert B. Dwyer
Patient Food Service
Attendant
Lemuel Rose
Nursing Assistant, Psychiatry
Joseph S. Shaw
Patient Food Service
\ttendant!
('arlota S. Nation
Nur' A\ assistant. Medicine
r ry
Edward Tholas
Nus Assist at. Medicine

W 'lhrorcr W. Smith
Sic d Aid, Orthopedics


MARINE BUREAU
Clyde W. Archer
Deckhand
Rogelio 11. Pifiate
Launch Seaman
N. L. MeFarlane
Deckhand Boatswain
Julia J. Holmes
Time and Leave Supervisor
Abraham Julio
Deckhand
fliginio Nfiiez
Helper Lock Operator
Frank E. Thomas
Painter
Benjamin Tcjada
Heavy Laborer
Daniel A. Glen
Ind
onue larencee

aimes n se
Lau -h pe to






Deckhand

Dorrell II. Irving
Carpenter, Maintenance
Sully Oscar
Teletepist
Carlos Ortega
Asphalt or Cement Worker
Climaco Becerra
Heavy Laborer
Randolph J. Donawa
Helper Lock Operator
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Gwendolin A. Ncwell
Retail Store Sales Checker
Ivy F. Lewis
Counter Attendant
Florence W. Vaughn
Clerk


Claude V. Halligan
Utility Worker
Iris Yard
Pantrynman
Roberto Martinez
Paker
Celimo Cascante
Milker
Leonora C. John
Sales Clerk
Syl] cstra Worrcll
Sales Section Head
Lilian Rutherford
Sales Clerk
Edith Peters
Sales Clerk
Hillario Cort6z
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Winifred M. Perrott
Grocery Worker
Jasper N. Mcdford
Laborer Cleaner
F. de la Lastra
Laborer
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Moses N. Raymond
Painter, Maintenance
Rodolfo Lozano
Clerk Checker
Jose Barraza
Tire Builder
Clifford A. Richards
Chauffeur
Wilmoth N. Cameron
Brakeman
Antonio F. Visqucz
Clerk Checker
Pr6spcro C6rdoba
Railroad Trackman
F. J. Brathwaitc
Clerk
Gerald Charles
Clerk Checker
Martin Amador
Guard
Clifford A. Aitken
ligh Lift Truck Operator


APRIL 6, 1962


I I






PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
February 5 through March 5


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between February 5 and
March 5 are listed below. Withlin-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
not listed.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Cliford S. Tomlison, from Seaman, Dredg-
ing Division, to Detention Guard,
Police Division.
Elmer II. Bennett, from Truck Driver,
Motor Transportation Division, to Fire-
fighter, Fire Division.
Charles E. Chase, Jr., from Theater Usher,
Supply Division, to Substitute Phila-
telic Order Filler, Postal Division.
Division of Schools
Alice A. Floyd. from Substitute Teacher to
Elementary and Secondary School
Teacher.
Arthur Baptist, Avanso A. Farrell, and
Stanford A. Levy, from Heavy Laborer
to Swimming Pool Operator.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Thomas W. Grimison, from Engineering
Draftsman, Ship Construction, Indus-
trial Division, to Engineering Draftsman,
Architectural, Engineering Division.
Dredging Division
Russell C. Stevens, from Administrative
Assistant, to Construction and Main-
tenance Superintendent.
Bernard M. Parmentier, from Leader Boil-
maker, to Lead Foreman, Welding and
Forging.
Richard Danvers, from Floating Plant Fire-
man, to Floating Plant Watertender.
Woodrow L. Stephens. Jorge A. Fuentes.
Rogelio II. Pinate, Rafael A. Lascano,
R. B. Lasso, Jaime Salas, Adolfo K.
Nobuhira, Clark Sinclar, William A.
Gibbons, Rafael I. Blanco, John Chand-
ler, Jr., Wilfred West, Iugh S. Abed-
nego, from Launch Seaman to Launch
Operator.
Magdaleno Navarro, from Heavy Laborer,
to Launch Seaman.
Gladstone L. King, S. O. Fields, C. L.
Irumluig, P. C. Neblett, J. A. Charles,
Rail Rodriguez, from Deckhand to
Seaman.
Alfonso Paul, Felipe Soo, Alonso Sanchez,
Gonzalo L6pez, Sidney A. Legore.
George H. Aleyne, Ernesto O. Williams,
Carlos J. Reyes, Edwin Miller, Walter L.
Clarke, Wilbur T. Greaves, Walter S.
Thompson, John Frederick, Ezra Cohen,
Juan Sheffer, Jaroth E. Archibald,
Roberto Feurtado, Luis Alberto, Wilfred
E. Stuart, Albert S. Hunter, from Deck-
hand, Navigation Division, to Launch
Seaman.
lDoingo Mufioz, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to Boatman.
Electrical Division
Robert L. Hummer, from Apprentice
Machinist, Industrial Division, to
Apprentice Powver Plant Operator.
Rudolph Coppin, from Helper Lock
Operator, Locks Division, to Helper
Electrician.
Amos A. Brathwaite, from Heavy Laborer,
to Helper Cable Splicer.
Noel U. Baptist, from Utility Worker, Sup-
ply Division, to Helper Electrician.


Maintenance Division
Max C. Conover, from Lead Foreman,
Buildings, to General Foreman, Buildings.
Nelson 0. Williar, from Leader Joiner, to
Lead Foreman, Buildings.
John D. Mitchusson, from Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning mechanic, to Leader
Relrigeration and Air Conditioning
Mechanic.
Jos MI. Oquendo, from Maintenanceman,
to Cement Finisher.
Ernest Stephenson, from Helper Painter,
to Painter.
Wilfred U. Forbes, from Helper Machinist,
Maintenance, to Oiler.
Luther Smith, from Helper Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning Mechanic, to Oiler.
Pedro P. Musmanno, Heavy Laborer, from
Industrial Division.
Estehan Justavino, Carlos A. MIarin. from
Laborer, to Heavy Laborer.
Ram6n E. Arosemena, Aniceto Jin6nez,
from Heavy Laborer, to General Helper.
Hugh E. Gadsby, from General Ilelper, to
Maintenanceman.
Contract and Inspection Division
Albert S. Adams, James M. Thompson. Jr.,
trom Engineering Aid, General, to
Construction Inspector, General.
HEALTII BUREAU
Gorgas Hospital
Alice B. Mayo, from Staff Nurse, to Staff
Nurse, Medicine and Surgery.
Guillermo L. Dixon, from Clerk, to Teller.
Luis Rivera, from Housekeeping Aid, to
Nursing Assistant, Medicine and Surgery.
Valentine A. Edwards, from \ard Service
Aid, to Nursing Assistant, Medicine
and Surgery.
Clive Lavalle, Angel Lino, from Ware-
houseman, to Stockman.
Antonio Castillero, Baudilio GonzAlez,
Joseph W. C. Ilaig. Jos6 Ortega. Daniel
G. Roper, from Pharmacy Helper, to
Pharmacy Assistant.
Coco Solo IHospital
Ruby E. Radel, from Staff Nurse, Medicine
and Surgery, to Nurse Supervisor.
Sylvester Green, from Hospital Laborer, to
NursingAssistant, Medicine and Surgery.
Arnoldo Rook, from Attendant, to Hospital
Laborer.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Maxine A. Cawl, Arden L. Swisher, from
Time and Leave Clerk, to Supervisor)
Timekeeper.
Fredrick W. Jones, from Signalman, to
Clerical Assistant.
George L. Edghill, Joseph R. McLean,
Frank S. Wason, from Clerk, to Clerical
Assistant.
Kenneth L. Anderson, Ilarold G. Henry,
from Deckhand, to Timekeeper.
Claude E. Burgess, from Launch Dis-
patcher, to Timekeeper.
Erick I. Raphael. Pablo E. Salas, from
Clerk, to Timekeeper.
Carlton S. Mullin, Firmin A. Reid, from
Clerk-Typist, to Timekeeper.
Russell A. Weade, from Towing Locomo-
tive Operator, to General Foreman,
Docking and Undocking.
Emilio II. Archer, Carlos C. Castillo, Edgar
Shaw, from Launch Dispateher, to Clerk.
Leslie L. Maynard, Clyde Austin, Rodolph


A. Francis, Aurelio Newball, Gaston E.
Ileadley, W\oodrow L. Luglrin, Leo-
nardo V. Blackman, Alvin Hall, from
Deckhand, to Clerk.
Joel A. Prince, from Deckhand, to Launch
Dispatcher.
Dudley O. Prescott, from Seaman, to Clerk.
Edmond Augustine, Borris A. Ellis, Victor
Ramos, from Heavy Laborer, to Launch
Seaman.
Locks Division
Clifford S. Asbury, from Leader Lock
Operator Machinist, to Lead Foreman,
Lock Operations.
Oscar L. Ilakanson, from Lock Operator
Machinist, to Leader Lock Operator
Machinist.
Gilbert II. Davis, Woodrow W. Richard-
son, from Lock Operator Iron \orker-
\\'elder, to Leader Lock Operator Iron
Worker-WVelder.
Robert E. Waggoner, from Guard, to Loco-
motive Operator.
Manuel S. Ilenriquez, from Line Ilandler,
to Boatman.
Lionel Bryan, Juan Joseph, Severino Nava-
Iro, Irom Line Handler, to Helper Lock
Operator.
OFFICE OF TIE COMPTROLLER
Walter C. Bottin, from Distribution Clerk,
Postal Division, to Teller Treasury
Branch.
Norma M. Jones, from Office Machine
Operator, to Card Punch Operator,
Accounting Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Timoteo lagall6n, from Stevedore. Ter-
minals Division, to Laborer Cleaner,
Community Services Division.
Supply Division
Theresa Douglas, from Counter Attendant,
to Sales Clerk.
Joseph Buval, from Light Packer, to Store-
keeping Clerk.
Clarence 1). Bovell, from Truck Driver, to
Leader Laborer.
NicolAs Cameron, from Utility Worker, to
Sales Clerk.
Earl R. Samuels, from Utility Worker, to
Service Station Attendant.
Hepburn S. Barber, from Utility Worker,
to Kitchen Attendant.
John M. Eberenz, from Theater Usher, to
Theater Doorman.
)onald C. Escalona, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Package Boy.
Roberto Bowen, Alvin L. Foster, from
Package Boy, to Utility Worker.
Octax io Betlaneourt, from Laborer Cleaner,
to Ileaxy Laborer.
Martin F. llarper, from Scrap Materials
Sorter, to Scrap Flame Cutter.
Ivy NM. Gillespie, from Heavy Laborer, to
\Varehouseman.
Solomon II. Da Costa, from Laundry
Checker, to Warehouseman.
llarlington C. Davidson, Zacarias Gari-
haldi, Claudius T. Samuels, Eladio Mon-
tero, from Heavy Laborer, to Heavy-
Cold Storage Laborer.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
John J. Cusick, from General Agent, Water
Transportation Division, to Water Trans-
portation Officer (Chief, Water Transpor-
tation Division).
(See p. 22)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







CANAL


h r
I ISTO'"1RY

50 Years Ago
A COMM ITTEE was appointed inl
April 1912 to recommend sites for the
permanent administrative headquarters
and offices of the Canal and a permna-
nent settlement for Canal employees inl
the vicinity of the Pacific terminus.
TiE CA\AL RECORD noted that the site


Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Otho F. Iloltzelaw, from Carman, Wood
and Steel, to Inspector, Railroad Division.
Jorge A. Brown, from Service Station
Attendant, to Chaluleur, Motor Trans-
portation Division.
Terminals Division
Harold L. Shaw, Leopold Lester. Arthur
II. Peter, Selvin A. Bryan. Kenneth L.
Reid, Lucilo fl. Iloyte, Louie II. MNc-
Nish, Clarence Belgrave, George R.
Athias, Glenvill 1). Franklin, Alfred
Vega, Nugent B. Josephs, from Super-
visory Clerk Checker, to Supervisory
Cargo Cheeker.
David Benskin. from Typewriter Repair-
man, Industrial Division, to Cargo
Checker.
Arturo E. Agard, Jr., John R. Burnham,
Erick G. MeFarlane, Rieardo M\loeno,
George W.Pinnock, Luis E. Smith, Clau-
dis I). Gowdie, Cyril S. lall, lenry A.
Foulen, Willred C. Gittens, Frederick
McKenzie, Edgard S. Baptiste, Ferdi-
nando Cherie, Carlos R. Evering, larold
S.MeLeod, Hubert E.Anderson, Antoine
Dudley, Romeo Francis, Basilio V. ilol-
ness, Gabriel Correa, Alcides D. Linares,
Llewellyn C. Smith, Edgar Mewa., Jos6
A. Palacios, lose C. Naranjo, Joseph R.
Alleyne, Alphaes Plato. Gregorio Cama-
rena, Wendall P. Maynard, G. A.
Wittaker, Ernest A. Turnbull, James S.
Lewis, Richard Toppin, Paul J. Harper,
Jos6 R. Llovell, Miguel W. Oruitiner,
Joscelyn F. Parker, Arnold Benjamin,
George E. Makers, Filix Jeamnnarie,
Vernal Rose, Harry Inniss, Lloyd L.
Holder, Vincent T. Gray, Victor I.
Sunirez, Roy J. \IeLenan, Roy W. Bryan,
S Iv ester A. Patterson. Oliver 0. Clarke,
Joseph O. Nicholson, Alfred M. Franklin,
Enclid C. Jordan, Carlos R. Cameron,
Rupert II. Sales, Arthur XI. Farenx,
Florentino Rivera, Carlos E. James,
Riehardo Thompson, David A. DeCosta,
Wilfred MeFarquhar, Edgar C. Erskine,
Ernie E. Wareham, Charles T. Whyte.
W. C. Millett, Jr., Charles L. Welsh,
Roland I). Hinds, Melvyn II. Jones.
George F. Piper, Jr., Vincent A. Foster,
Carlos E. Pernett, William W. Camp-
bIll, C:l;rence T. Drakes, Iludolph E.
Fuller, Like \. Les i, Theophilus Carter,
\lli'e Wi Bruno. Leonard Brown, lohn F.
\itlerson. Carl )s alexander Adrian A.
i k Lis, Rafael C1lhong, Sidney II. Ander-
ih's 1). Mtorant, Filomneno Boyes,
C( ~: I' Iambert, t'arl B.C.Janniere,
Il rI Stewart, William U. Allen,


for the office headquarters "will be oin
Sosa Hill or at some other place nearby."
The warmest weather during the 8
years of U.S. construction acti\ itv on the
Isthmus was recorded, as tle mercury
reached 97 at Ancon on April 7 and
96' at Culebra on April 17.
The ladder dredge Corozal went to
work in the Pacific entrance of the
Canal on April 15. The dredge had
arrived at Balboa on March 27 after
sailing 12,064 miles from Clyde. Scot-
land, w here she was built for the Canal
organization. The trip reiluiredl 117
days, 96 of which were actual sailing
time. Capable of excavating more than
1,200 tons of soft mater ial a11 hour from


Robeit W Ward, Icelus A. Stewart,
Augnstus St. John, Joseph A. Williams,
Ferdinand E. Wynter, Benjamin S. Shoy,
Alton C. Anderson, Aston L. Morris,
Rodolph W. Treleaven, Magan Lallu,
Mario J. Ceballos, Perry A. Marsden,
Herbert Clark, from Clerk Checker, to
Cargo Checker.
Ilorace Lewis, Elliot F. Whitaker, Alloric
Earle, Ilubert McFarlane, Sibert C.
Treleaven, Cecil L. Lowe, Charles
Simon, Wilbert C. lordan, Lesley G.
Anderson, Arthur L. Whittaker, George
G. Ilibbert, Ormand 1R. garrison, from
Cargo Clerk, to Cargo Checker.
William J. Simpson, from Stevedore, to
Wincliman.
Alejandro Sandoval, from Deekhand, Navi-
gation Division, to Stevedore.
Jorge Garay, James L. Gaskin. Pablo Otero,
from Dock Worker, to Stevedore.
Walton G. Green, Albert A. MeQueen,
Bently B. Murpliy, Frank L. Titus, Leo-
pold Williams, from Laborer, to I leavy
Laborer.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
William R. Bailey, Gerald W. Colfey,
Marine Traffic Controller, Navigation
Division.
Emelina Frensley, Secretary, Panama
Canal Information Office.
Frances D. Wheeler, Accounting Techni-
cian, Accounting Division.
Guillermo Van Hoorde, Construction Ins-
pector,Contract and Inspection Division.
Edgard F. Bascombe, Alberto N. Biggs,
Patricio Blackman, Wilbert T. Dryden.
Philip Ottey, Joseph N. Springer,
Samuel E. Taylor, Kenneth Wade, Clerk,
Navigation Division.
Eugenio Calamie, Clerk-Typist, Division
of Schools.
Joyce A. Clarke, Clerk-Typist, Contract
and Inspection Division.
James A. Dowlin. Lloyd B. Joseph. Manuel
S. Rivera, Bookkeeping Machine Oper-
ator, Accounting Iivis'ion.
Albert 11. George, Clarence A. Lambert,
Utility Worker, Supply Division.
Francis V. Lord, Letterpress Pressman,
Printing Plant, Mount Hope.
Joln S. Romelis, Timekeeper, Navigation
Division.
IHarder Singh, Cargo Clerk, Terminals
Division.
Carmen M1. Smith, Graduate Intern,
Business Administration, Office of the
Director, Supply and Community Service
Bureau.


a depth of 50 feet, the Corozal was sched-
uled for use in digging an estimated
4 million cubic yards of material from
the Pacific entrance to the waterway.
From May 1904 through April 1912,
the U.S.-directed construction forces had
used almost 50 million pounds of dyna-
mite, while excavating 168,486,884
cubic yards of material and spending
8254,818,475.17 on the Canal project.
25 Years Ago
SCRAP IRON, pig iron, and steel
and iron manufactur(-s moved south
through the Canal at a record rale 25
years ago. It was announced in April
that tonnage of this type of cargo
during the previous month had set a
new record. Almost all of the scrap and
pig iron was being shipped from the
U.S. east coast ports to the Far East,
principally Japan. Such iron and steel
shipments accounted for more than 42
percent of the 1,048,337 tons of cargo
which moved to the Pacific through
the Canal during the month.
Widening of the Panama Canal chan-
nel through Miraflores Lake between
Pedro Miguel and Miraflores Locks,
which had been started 5 years previ-
ouslN, was completed in April 1937 by
the Dredging Division. The work con-
sisted of widening the channel from 500
to 700 feet from the south end of Pedro
Miguel Locks to the north end of
liraflores Locks.
10 Years Ago
BRIG. GEN. JOHN S. SEYBOLD
was nominated as Governor of the
Canal Zone to succeed Gov. Francis K.
Newcomer 10 years ago. It was the first
time in the history of the Canal that an
Arlm officer without previous serv-
ice wilh the organization had been
appointed to the position of Governor.
Previously the post of Governor nor-
mally had gone to the Engineer of
Maintenance, who usually served 4
\ears before he moved into the top
Canal post. This practice had started
with Gov. Chester Harding, who suc-
cecded Col. George \V. Goethals, the
first Canal Zone Governor.
Plans for construction in Balboa of
a 56-foot memorial to Col. Goelhals
were approved on April 7, 1952, 1v
Prt sideiit Truman.
Year Ago
DRAFT RESTRICTIONS were placed
in effect during the month limiting
transits to ships with drafts of no more
than 35 feet and 9 inches. Maximum
draft for ships with beams of 90 feet
or more was 6 inches less, or 35 feet
and 3 inches. The restrictions were
imposed as Gatun Lake dropped below
84 feet.

22 APRIL 6, 1962






--SAFETY




Pop Makes the Rules

(But Does He Obey Them?)


ALL OF US realize that safety\ is
really serious business, but every once
in a while we have come across a safety
message written in a laconic, offbeat
vein which lends a touch of humor.
One such item appeared in an issue
of Safety News Letter, Machine Shop
Section, published by the National
Safety Council, and we take the liberty
of retelling it:



RETIREMENTS
RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of February to the
employees listed below, with their posi-
tions at time of retirement and years of
Canal service:
Manuel Arosemena, Helper Machinist, In-
dustrial Division; 42 years.
Patricio Borhua, Boatman, Dredging Divi-
sion; 24 years, 5 months, 13 days.
Robert E. L. Brown, Supervisory Construc-
tion Management Engineer, Contract
and Inspection Division; 19 years, 1
month, 7 days.
Estehan Chaivez, Deckhand. Navigation
Division: 21 years, 10 months.
Eldridge Dunn-Moodie, File Clerk, Coco
Solo Hospital: 39 years, 1 month,
29 days.
Vivian E. Johnson, Mail Clerk, Adminis-
trative Branch; 45 years, 4 months,
9 days.
Walter R. Lindsay, Agronomist, Community
Services Division; 31 years, 1 month,
t I days.
Julius G. Lusky, Towboat or Ferry Master,
Navigation Division; 17 years, I day.
Anthony C. Maggiori, Lock Operator Iron
Worker-Welder, Locks Division; 35
years, 15 days.
James Malone, Heavy Laborer, Supply
Division; 34 years, 6 months, 17 days.
Andrew J. May, Service Center Supervisor,
Supply Division; 20 years, 3 months,
27 days.
Cuthbert L. Padmore, Laborer Cleaner,
Community Services Division; 222 years,
I month, 1 day.
Lionel A. Seon, Deckhand Boatswain, Nav-
igation Division; 40 years, 9 months.
10 days.
Pala Singh, Dock Worker, Terminals Divi-
sion; 22 years, 27 days.
Charles A. Stewart, Leader Lock Operator
Machinist, Locks Division; 27 years,
2 months.
Neheaniah B. Taylor, Laborer Cleaner,
Division of Schools; 20 years, II months,
21 days.
Ilerbert Watson, Deckhand, Navigation
Division; 41 years, 2 months, 12 days.
Stanley Yearwood, Dock Worker, Termi-
nals Division; 21 years, 10 months,
25 days.


A little one is born, and a new sover-
eign rules the household. Immediately,
the little bundle in pink or blue becomes
the axis of all activity.
Pop, having proven there was more
there than meets the eve, lays down an
ultimatum that nothing shall happen or
be allowed to exist that can interfere
with the chances of little Noodnick to
survive and grow up. "Be careful of
those drafts; give him some air; that
water is too hot: that water is too cold;
sterilize that bottle; you're feeding him
too much; he's starving to death; don't
leave him in those wet drawers; don't
sneeze in his face; stop breathing when
you look at him; don't smother him;
clon't wake him up just to change him;
has he got enough clothes on? What's
his temperature? Did you ever see such
an intelligent face? Etc., etc.
Woe be it to anyone hurting that
baby.
Alter prescribing the rules for mother
to follow for the day, what does Pop do?
Does lie think about what he can do for
the welfare of the kid?
Little does Pop stop to think that
there's a killer in his home!
The killer? Poisons! They lurk every-
w\here. In the medicine cabinet, under
the kitchen sink, on dressing tables.
You'll even find them on food shelves,
in the workshop, and in the cleaning
closet.
These camouflaged killers in tlhe
home take more than 1,000 lives annu-
all\y. They take a steady toll throughout
the year-about 120 lives a month.
Pop does not realize that the most
frequent victims are children 5 years of
ACCIDENTS

FOR

THIS MONTH

AND

THIS YEAR

FIRST
FEBRUARY FIAS
CAS
*62
ALL UNITS 215 49
YEAR TO DATE 403 102


age or younger.
The types of accidental poisoners are
as varied as the containers they come
in-bleach, permanent wave solution,
shampoo, nail polish remover, furniture
polish, art supplies, bug killers, paint
removers, and thinners.
Regardless of the killer, in just about
every instance there's an accomplice to
the crime-carelessness or ignorance.
And when it comes to driving, just
how\ welfare-minded is Pop where
little Noodnik is concerned?
Pop hops in the car, roars out of the
drive, and into the street on his way
to work.
Pop's a past master at all tricks in
driving. lie's got that 30-minute drive to
the plant down to a slick 23 minutes.
Of course, that's exceeding the limits a
bit in school and residential areas, but
lie's not stupid like the drivers for whom
those limits were set.
Pop is always the first one at the
timeclock at quitting time. Also, he
takes the stairs two or three at a time,
roars out of the parking lot, and 7 cau-
tion lights, 5 tight intersections, 7 stops
on a dime, 21 jet propelled take-offs,
S horn honkings, and yes, 2 scared kids
on bikes that someday could well be one
of his o\\n, he comes to a stop in his
own driveway.
He hops out of the car and yells,
"where's my boy? Don't tell me you've
let something happen to him. One of
these days, veh one of these days.
whammo right in the kisser-if you do.
That kid's going to have \\hat I wasn't
able to have."
What's he mean-a widowed mother?
I


AID DISABLING DAY
:S INJURIES LOS
'61 '62 '61 '62
1(301) 11 10(2) 282
6(623) 23 26(4) 6360
Locks Overhaul injuries included in to*al


T
'61
564(26)
561 26)


TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW








-H


PPI


Hawaiian Cruise
TIE RIS Andes, which is one of Great
Britain's few full-time cruise liners
operating on a year around basis from
the United Kingdom, has made two
trips through the Panama Canal this
year. \ith a full list of cruise passen-
gers, the Andes made the Canal transit
southbound in January en route to the
U.S. west coast and Hawaii. The vessel
returned to the Canal the last of- Feb-
ruarl on the return leg of -her 62-day
winter cruise and s.iolgd for,' So.u.th
anpton via Barbadosr.and Lisbon,
The cruise to Hawvaiir was thE last
voyage for Capt. Geoffrey M. Fletchrm-"
master of the Andes, who retired upon
his return to England. 'A veteran of
38 years with the Royal Mail Lines,
Captain Fletcher has also been in com-
mand of the Loch Acon, Loch Loyan,
and the Highland Brigade, all of which
are regular customers of the Canal.

Record Load of Barley
A RECORD-BREAKING CARGO of
barley en route to Poland from the U.S.
west coast passed through the Canal
March 13 aboard the tanker-grain
carrier Titan, which loaded its 37,149
long-ton load in Portland, Oreg., and
Seattle, Wash. The shipment, which is
equivalent to 2,350,000 bushels of
grain, surpassed by one-third the largest
cargo of a single grain in U.S. maritime
history which was shipped through the
Canal to Poland in 1961 aboard the
tanker Trans'ca.steirn.
The Titan, a 735.6-foot-long super-
tanker, which can carry either oil or
grain, is owned by the Overseas Oil
Transport Co. and operated by A. N.
Bull. It flys tle U.S. flag and was built
on the U.S. east coast in 1960. Although
this was her first transit of the Canal.
it was not whr first trip to Poland with
grain. The Titan loaded 1,549,000
bushels of w heat for Poland in 1960 at
Baton Rouge and New Orleans.
Despite the size of her cargo, the
tanker was not loaded to her full capac-
ity. Because ol draft restrictions oil
superships passing through the Canal
for the first tine, her cargo was limited
to her draft to a miaximumi of
:33 frct.
(C Fernie & Co., which acted las
. (of.i t for the Tranisa.stern, also handled
li Tiv"in at the C(anal.


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-(
VESSELS IN FEBRU

Commercial. ...............
U.S. Government ...........
Free transits ...............
T total ...............
TOLLS"
Commercial ..... $4,114,601
U.S. Government. 140,857
Total .... $4,255,458
CARGO*
Commercial ..... 4,869,175
U.S. Co ernmnent. 233,546
Total..... 5,102,721


GOING main doors and partitions are of
ARY etched glass. The ship also carries
1961 1962 a valuable collection of Chinese and
843 841 Japanese paintings.
20 11 The Riu Tlng is the first of two cargo
5 11 ships to be built for this trade. The
- second will be tile Siam Yung, due at
68 863 the Canal April 4. Like its sister ship,
the Siam Y'ung will make the voyage
$4,390,163 between Yokohama and New York in
47,207 approximately 23 (lays and will call at
.$4,437,370 other U.S. Atlantic ports and gulf ports
4, 0 on its return voyage.


5,290,974
55,038
5,346,012


'Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small
**Cargo figures are in long tons.


New 18-Knot Ship
A NEW ADDITION to the fleet of
ships which maintain a regular service
between the east coast of North Amer-
ica and Australia and New Zealand is
the motorship City of Canberra, which
sailed from New York in January and
passed through the Canal on its maiden
voyage to Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne,
and Adelaide.
The new 18-knot ship has 240,000
cubic feet of refrigerated cargo space
to accommodate the"down under"prod-
uets which she transports to the United
States on her return trips. The City of
Canberra is operated by the Elleman
Line and is represented at the Canal
by Norton, Lilly & Co.
Chinese Luxury Freighter
A NEW FAST SERVICE between
Foimosa, Yokohama, and New York
was introduced last month by the Orient
Overseas Lines. The Rtu Yung, a brand
new Chinese passenger cargo ship,
passed southbound through the Canal
March 15 on the second half of her
maiden voyage between New York and
the Far East.
The Ru Yung, built in Japan at a cost
of $3.5 million, is of the closed shelter-
deck type and has accommodations
for 14 first-class and 12 tourist-class
passengers. All public rooms and living
quarters are air conditioned. In addition
to the usual dining rooms, there are
music room-bar-library, a special Chi-
nese lounge, and an enclosed observation
gallery on the top (leek. Japanese maple
was used for paneling, while tlhe


Boomerang to Australia
SHIPS OPERATED by the Swedish
East Asiatic Co. of Gothenburg are
ruining through the Canal these days
oni an express service between Australia
and the west coast of South America to
the West Indies and U.S. gulf ports.
Named the Boomerang Cargo Line,
the service was inaugurated in February
by the inotorship Vegaland, sailing from
Houston and New Orleans. It was fol-
lowed by the Sanieland. The ships oper-
ate on a regular bi-monthly service from
Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, and Bris-
bane to Callao, Guayaquil, Buenaven-
tura, Cartagena, La Giiaira, Port-of-
Spain, Bridgetovwn, Georgetown, Para-
maribo, Kingston, and the U.S. gulfports.
The ships have a speed of 16 knots
and have general cargo, reefer, and
deep tank storage space. C. B. Fenton
& Co. handles the vessels at the Canal.

Bid for "Aneon" Rejected
THE ONLY BID received by the
Maritime Administration for the Anicon,
formerly used in Canal steamship oper-
ations, has been rejected and the vessel
probably will be readvertised. Bids
were opened March 9 in Washington,
D.C. The Ancon was removed from
service last year and since that time has
been docked in New Orleans.
Oil Rig Transits
IT WAS an odd-looking customer that
moved south through the Canal on
March 20 as an oil-drilling rig mounted
on a self-propelled drill barge made
the transit.
The rig, which was on its way from
Texas to Alaska, is to be used for off-
shore oil exploration. It was approxi-
mately 180 feet high, making it one of
the tallest pieces of equipment ever to
pass through the Canal. The barge on
which it was mounted was 267 feet long.


APRIL 6, 1962


N


G




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