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____""_ His First 30 Days --- --------
rL VEf\ Gray Ladies Go International-
New Cristobal Schedules---
What CARNAVAL Is All About_
!2 ':. .
i~l -r .. i qr*h ~ ;
'* q ll 1
LEMING, JR., Governor-President
ROBERT J. F
\V. P. LE
Status of Aiajor
WIDENING OF GAILLARD CUT: All widening work on the
Empire Reach section of Gaillard Cut will be completed by
December 1962. The contract for widening of Las Cascadas and
Bas Obispo Reaches is scheduled for award in Jnne of this year
and for completion early in fiscal year 1966. At that time the
entire S-mile Gaillard Cut will have been widened from the
original 300 feet to at least 500 feet.
LIGHTING BANKS OF CAILLARD CUT AND CANAL
APPROACHES: All lights have been installed along the banks
of the Cut except for certain sections on the west bank where
widening work is in progress. Lights in the Locks are complete
and operating. Lighting of the approaches from Balboa to Mira-
flores and from Cristobal to Gatun is scheduled for completion
NEW LOCOMOTIVES FOR LOCKS: The first six of the new
towing locomotives being built by Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd.,
in Japan arrived early in January and are undergoing tests on the
East lane of Gatun Locks. (Sec article on page 6 of this issue.)
MARINE TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM: Specifications for the
new electronic system designed by Gibbs & Hill, Inc., of New
York now are being prepared and will be advertised for bids in
June of this year. The contract for the project is to be awarded
in October 1962 and installation is scheduled for completion in
NEW\ LOCKS MAINTENANCE NhETllOD: Plans are in tile
final stages for procurement of material to be used in Lock
outages scheduled for 1963 and 1964. 'The material will be used
to md ify Lock gates and other appurtenances so that in future
overhaxls, no Lock lane will be out of service for more than
24 hours at any one time. The method to be used is being planned
with the help of the Corps of Engineers.
In This Issue
TII S MONTH is Carnival time in Panama and the
first few days of March will be devoted to the gay,
pre-Lenten festival. The origins of the holiday, its
legends, and the manner in which it is observed all
are described in the article which starts on page 10
of this issue.
The cover picture on this month's issue is a clever
bit of photography b\ Jerry Stec, owner and oper-
ator of the El Halcon photographic shop in Panama.
Jerry admits that there is a bit of fakery involved
in the picture, which was taken, intentionally, as a
double exposure. He first took a time exposure of
Carnival fireworks, then saved the film to shoot the
scene of Miss Marcela de Janon, now Mrs. James A.
Reid, climbing from the treasure chest.
Canal Zone Wage Rates- _------------- 3
Busy, Busy Month_ - - 4
New Machines for Old Job_ 6
Ladies in Gray ------- 8
This Is Carnaval _- __ __ 10
Schedule of Cristobal Revised 15
Worth Knowing- 16
People --- 18
Anniversaries --- -- 20
Promotions and Transfers ___- __- 21
Retirements -- 22
Canal History --- -- 22
Safety -____ -- 22
Budding Artists- __ __- - 23
Shipping ----- ----------- 24
MAulen 2, 1962
:BER, Lieutenant Governor HB L V L VV JOSEPH CONNOR, Publicati
\WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistant
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and TOB
Printld at the Printing Plant,Mount Hope,Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official Ph
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial Officee are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heighte. C. Z.
N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press
A Significant New Policy
A SIGNIFICANT CHANGE in the
policy governing pay increases for
Canal Zone wage base employees was
made last month with announcement of
a two-fold plan to give greater recogni-
tion for skills, provide more incentive
for employees, and to narrow the gap
between area-based wage rates andl
The new policy, for the first time in
the history of U.S. Government agencies
on the Zone, provides a direct tic
between the rates paid to workers in
U.S. wage base positions and those in
Canal Zone wage base positions.
To be fully implemented on July I,
1964, the new wage policy provides for
two major benefits:
1. Adjustment of Canal Zone
wage base pay schedules, begin-
ning on July 1, 1963, whenever
U.S. wage base schedules are
adjusted on or after that date.
2. A series of administrative
wage increases for the upper grade
levels of Canal Zone wage base
positions as funds become avail-
able over the next 3 years.
The first increases under the new
policy will become effective April I,
when approximately 10,000 employees
of the Panama Canal Company/Canal
Zone Government will receive increases
ranging from 3 to 29 percent as a result
of the new policy.
The new policy resulted from a study
Changes in Pay Rates To Be Made April 1, 1962
Level From To Level Fronm To
1 $0.60 $0.60 1 --- -- $0.60 $0.63
2_ __ ---_____ 0.60 0.64 2___ ___-_ 0.62 0.67
3 ------------ 0.63 0.69 3 _____ 0.65 0.71
4 -_____________ 0.67 0.73 4-_______ 0.70 0.76
5 ---------------- 0.72 0.78 5_ _------------- 0.75 0.81
6_---------------______________ 0.76 0.82 6 ---------------______________ 0.84 0.90
7 __--------------- 0.85 0.93 7 ____ ____ ---------------0.97 1.05
8_-- __---- 0.94 1.02 8 ------------ 1.09 1.21
9 ___----------- 1.02 1.10 9_ __------------ 1.26 1.36
10 ---- -------- 1.13 1.23 10-______________ 1.47 1.59
Rate range includes three step intervals totaling 24 months with increase to 2d step
after 6 months and to 3d step after an 18-month interval.
Level From To
1- $0.60 $0.69
2 0.62 0.75
3 ------------_ 0.69 0.82
4 --____________ 0.76 0.96
5 -------------_ 0.86 1.06
6 --------0.97 1.21
Rate range includes six steps (a through
g) with one step increase every
Level From To Level From To
1-------__ ---_- $0.62 $0.86 1________ $0.65 $0.89
2_ _____________ 0.73 0.99 2_ ____________ 0.81 1.07
3_______________ 0.91 1.17 3-______________ 1.07 1.33
Rate range includes six steps (a through g) with one step increase every 12 months.
by the Canal Zone Civilian Personnel
Policy Coordinating lIoard last year and
a full review of rate-setting policies and
practices started in September by
Stephen Ailes, Under Secretary of the
Army and Chairman of the Board
of Directors of the Panama Canal
A major objective of the new policy
is to develop, over a period of time,
what Personnel Bureau officials refer
to as "a more satisfactory wage curve.
The desired wage curve would move
from the lowest to the highest salary in
a gentle upward sweep, with no unrea-
sonable plateaus or sharp divergences
It will take time to achieve the objec-
tive, officials says, but voice the opinion
that the new policy will provide a solid
basis for long and continuous improve-
ment of working conditions for workers
in the Canal Zone.
Noting that endorsement of the two-
fold pay improvement program "is quite
an undertaking costwise," Governor
Fleming said, "I consider it to be a real
incentive program which can reap bene-
fits for the Canal Zone employee in job
satisfaction and for the employing
agencies in worker productivity." The
Governor also expressed pleasure that
the plan provides recognition for the
higher levels of skill and for coordinated
wage increases. "The plan is more than
a wage increase," he said, "it is a further
opportunity for people to work up to
substantial rates of pay throughout the
While the new wage policy was
stirring fresh discussion of wages among
those most affected by it, similar
impetus was given to the subject of
wages paid in many U.S. wage base
positions by President Kennedy's pro-
posal that Congress establish a 3-year
plan of pay increases for 1.6 million
white-collar employees of the Federal
Government. Like the new Canal Zone
wage policy, the plan proposed by Pres-
ident Kennedy would provide greater
recognition of skills and additional
incentive for employees to improve their
THIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Many duties and
obligations face Canal Zone
Chief Executive during
first month in office
Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr.
is greeted by
upon arrival at
Looking on is
II HaIden Williamns,
Secretary of Defense.
THE DUTIES of a Governor of the
Canal Zone are many and diverse at all
times, and for a new Governor there
are many obligations which must be
met in a very short time, as Gov. Robert
J. Fleming, Jr., found during his first
busy, busy month as Governor of the
Canal Zone and President of the Panama
Arriving in the Canal Zone on the
evening of February 2 aboard the same
plane which brought U.S. Secretary of
Defense Robert J. McNamara to the
Isthmus for one in a series of overseas
conferences with local military com-
manders, Governor Fleming found him-
self launched on a fast-paced schedule
of conferences, official calls, receptions,
and work-a-day decisions.
Having been sworn into office by
Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, ir.,
in Washington the day before his
arrival on the Isthmus, Governor
Fleming said upon his arrival that he
was "delighted" with his new assignment.
"During my service," the new Gov-
ernor said, "I have had, from time to
time, assignments which were some-
what different from those normally con-
sidered usual. In retrospect, it now
seems there must have been a design in
these unusual assignments, for they'
have certainly been excellent training
for this new challenge. I believe that
because of these past experiences, I am
more concerned with social and human
MARCH 2, 1962
Roberto F. Chiari
one of two
assigned to Governor
during visit to
Colegio Javier Fair,
Governor greets him.
factors than with the material and the
finite. And I hope that I can bring to
this new assignment a sincere apprecia-
tion of the problems involved in human
His first weekend was largely devoted
to the conference held by the Defense
Secretary, but early Monday morning
the new Covernor held his first weekly
staff meeting, at which he outlined some
of his basic viewpoints and working
methods. During his first "work day,"
he also visited the Latin American
schools in Paraiso and called on U.S.
Ambassador Joseph S. Farland.
During that first week, he also par-
ticipated in the Panama Open, greeted
TIIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
the visiting Burgomeister of Oslo,
Norway, called on President Roberto
F. Chiari at the Presidencia, attended a
press reception at the home of Informa-
tion Officer Will Arey, received a num-
ber of courtesy calls, was host to retired
Gen. Alfred M. Cruenther on a partial
transit of Gaillard Cut, and attended
the Colegio Javier Fair.
The start of the second week found
him beginning a series of calls on diplo-
matic representatives of other countries
in Panama and attending the monthly
meeting of the Isthmian Historical
Society. During the week, he also held
his first meeting with the Zone's Latin
American Civic Council officers, during
which he again voiced his concern with
problems involving people, while point-
ing out that getting ships from one
ocean to the other continues to be the
primary mission here. As the second
week ended, he visited the Industrial
Division at Mount Hope and, while
there, presented a gold watch to Portel
lcHan, a foreman in the division, for
making the most valuable employee
suggestion submitted during 1961.
On Saturday, February 17, with his
third week as Governor getting under
way, he visited some of the housing
projects being carried out in Panama
through Development Loan Fund fi-
nancing and the following day was a
guest at the World Friendship Tea of
the Canal Zone Council, Girl Scouts
of the U.S.A., at Quarry Heights.
On Monday, February 19, Covernor
Fleming returned to the Atlantic side
to greet his wife, who arrived aboard
the Cristobal, having stayed in the
United States to close out their
Governor Fleming's third week also
included courtesy calls by representa-
tives of some of the unions which
represent Canal Zone employees, the
official reception in honor of Governor
and Mrs. Fleming by Lt. Gov. and Mrs.
W. P. Leber at the Tivoli Guest House,
speaking at the annual Engineers Ban-
quet, and meeting with the U.S. Civic
Council officers of the Canal Zone. He
concluded the month's activities by
officiating at a ceremony honoring
retirees from Company/Government
Thus the first month was one of work,
work, work, duty, duty, duty, a few
hours for playing golf, and an on-the-
spot introduction to the operations cf
the Isthmian waterway.
Governor Fleming and Lieutenant Governor Leber talk with delegation from Rainbow
City Civic Council during meeting of Latin American Civie Councils at Santa Cruz in
mid-February. Left to right are Wilfred E. Barrow, Scabert laynes, and Astor N. Lewis.
'PuUII Ei .
--' Japanese-built locomrnoue. I. i
single cab, and an old-,I. It
locomotive with cab on each end
pass each other on
Gatun Locks center sall in line.
e -n f .......l .... "
New Machines for Old Job
The new locomotives, in one of their early assiglncunts, help Telde through Gatun Locks.
ei i ^
assigned to duty at Gatun
. . and doing fine.
THIE FIRST SIX of th.. (CL.,l . 'v
towing locomotives are it -" .rk ti.e
days putting ships through C itu .. L., L?
And they are doing just hl..
Testing of the new n.iii.s tart... il
January shortly after th..,, a.iri ...d li .in
Japan and were set up *.i1 rl.. i r...-
cast lane tracks. As of i..l-lr ii.n,
they had handled e,..l'il tli' i1, 1
through that lane, froni lii' s ml -..ul-
ing 338 feet in length I. I. mtliiiin-
sized supercarriers .1I 4-2 I. ,-
Since the new locom.. *- .ir. tp L.-'
ble of using two cables i a..11 a .
many of the larger ve-,.. l'b haI.. hii,
towed through the lock, b' ..,l1 fo:.ur
machines using two calil.. c( i I hil
size ship required eight..f tli--' 11-. '. I1..
6 .1 ,'cII 2 l')62
one-line locomotives. As a safety meas-
ure, however, the two remaining test
machines have stood by with slack lines.
By the time the tests are completed,
it is expected that the six powerful, new,
two-cable mules will be able to take
ships through the locks which must be
assisted by 12 old-style locomotives.
So far, the visiting Japanese engineers
and the Canal officials who are keeping
close check on the tests, have found few
"bugs" in the new towing locomotives.
There are a few minor alterations which
will be added to the specifications of
the additional mules, but up to now,
both the engineers and the men who
operate the machines are happy with
their speed, strength, and handling ease.
Juichi Kaku, Chief Engineer of the
Panama Canal Company Locomotive
Engineering Center for Mitsubishi Shoji
Kaisha, Ltd., and Hatsuo Sasano, Chief
of Rolling Stock Export Division,
Machinery Export Department of Mit-
subishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd., recently
arrived on the Isthmus in connection
with the locomotive contract.
They joined Kcisako Sugi, Hiroshi
Higara, and Mitsuo Kubota, three rep-
resentatives of Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha,
who have been here since the beginning
of the tests. Also in the Canal Zone for
the testing period is Robert Donaldson,
the Panama Canal's resident engineer
in Tokyo and Yasushigo Kisamori, his
administrative aid and interpreter.
While the Canal's six new towing
locomotives are being given their final
tests, a new signal system also is being
tested to facilitate communication
between the towing locomotive oper-
ators and pilots an ilaboard transition ships.
The system is a type of "walkie-talkie"
which will enable the pilot to commulni-
cate immediately and simultaneously
with the operator of the mules attached
to either side of the transiting vessel
and thus eliminate the historic bell and
hand signal system.
When tests on the first six new loco-
motives are successfully completed,
orders will be issued for work to start
on the construction of at least 33 more
machines which will eventually replace
all existing Canal mules. These will
begin arriving in the Canal Zone about
December 1962 and all Canal towing
equipment is scheduled to be com-
pletely replaced by' the summer of 1963.
Also to come are three electric cranes
which are included in the towing loco-
motive contract. They are to be built
on frames identical with those of the
towing locomotives and will have lifting
capacity of 14 tons at a radius of
13 feet. The cranes are to be built by
Tovo Denki Seizo, subcontractors for
beside one of
at Gatun. -
THE ABILITY to speak fluent English,
car-driving skill, and a deft hand with
the cooking pot combined to provide a
magic carpet on which 30-year-old
Yasushigo Kisamori was able to leave
his native Japan for the first time and
visit the Isthmus.
Hired in Tokyo by Robert Donaldson,
the Canal's resident engineer during
construction of the new locomotives.
Mr. Kisamori proved to be such an able
employee that he has been made admin-
istrative aid to Mr. Donaldson in addi-
tion to his original duties as chauffeur
While in the Canal Zone, he continues
to serve as an interpreter between Canal
officials and Japanese-speaking engineers
Keisako Sugi and litsuo Kubota. two
representatives of Mitsubishi Shoji
Kaisha, Ltd., who are here to assist
during testing of the locomotives.
A second job. however, is aimed at
keeping the visiting Japanese engineers
adequately and happilvynourished during
their stay on the Isthmus. To accom-
plish this, Mr. Kisamori supervises pre-
paration of the Japanese-style food
which they prefer.
As vice president in charge of the
Japanese kitchen he has established in
Gatun for himself and his two visiting
compatriots. Mr. Kisamori has had some
difficulty with the local food supply,
which he finds is considerably different
from that of his homeland. So far,
however, he has managed to produce
reasonable facsimiles of Japanese and
Chinese dishes. Native cooking is much
too spicy for the Japanese palate, he says.
Training for his wide variety of pres-
ent skills and duties was received during
his youth, when he worked at a number
of odd jobs in Tokyo. His uncle was an
accomplished Japanese-style cook and
his grandfather was an expert in
Chinese-style cooking. lie helped them
cook after school and during summer
vacations, acquiring the knowledge of
the cooking art which now is serving
both him and the two Japanese
engineers so well.
After the war, Mr. Kisamori acquired
a command of GI English while working
for the U.S. Armed Forces. It was
through his employment with the Armed
Forces that he also learned to drive an
Despite the number of skills he has
acquired during his 30 years of life,
Mr. Kisamori has definite plans for
learning more. He hopes upon his return
to Japan to wangle a bid to a helicopter
pilot school in the United States. If he
can learn to operate a whirlybird,
Mr. Kisamori believes he will have a
bright future in the new Japanese air
transportation system, which is using
helicopters for passenger and freight
service between the main Japanese
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Several members of training class for
P4 %? W ...
.. .....' .' ..,.. . "
_. ,-r', -
Spanish-speaking Gray Ladies from Central America and Panama help nl children's pIla.~ 1,-1
LADIES IN GRAY
"COMO IIEMBRO del Servicio de
Dama Cris de la Cruz Roja Ameri-
cana, yo prometo conciente y leal ser-
vicio al hospital done sirva," (As a
member of the Cray Lady Service of
the American Red Cross, I pledge a
conscientious and loyal service to the
hospital in which I serve).
In solemn voices, in unison, 22 rep-
resentatives of the Red Cross from
Central America, Panama, and the
Canal Zone repeated this pledge after
Judge John E. Deming, chairman of
the Canal Zone Chapter of the Amer-
ican Red Cross, immediately after
receiving their Gray Lady caps, certifi-
cates, and pins February 14 in the Base
Theater of Albrook Air Force Base.
As they repeated the pledge, the
ladies faced the flags of their respective
countries, in front of which stood the
First Lady of Panama, Mrs. Roberto
F. Cliari, Ambassadors, diplomatic rep-
resentatives, U.S. Army officials, Amer-
ican Red Cross officials, and representa-
tives of the Canal Zone Health Bureau
and Gorgas Hospital.
The capping ceremony concluded the
program of the first Gray Lady training
course in Spanish ever given under the
auspices of the American Red Cross for
women of Central America and Panama.
The course was given at Corgas Hos-
pital, with local Gray Ladies and hos-
pital personnel as instructors. The class
also was visited by retired Gen. Alfred
M. Cruenther, president of the Amer-
ican Red Cross, who spoke to the
trainees about the importance of the
training they were receiving.
Three representatives of the Women's
Committee of the National Red Cross
Society in each of the six countries rep-
resented by tle trainees came to tlhe
First course in Spanish
for Red Cross Gray Ladiic,
given at Gorgas
Canal Zone for the course of isjl iil n' .r.
which started on February 5. O(, .11.1 I1
here, they were joined by four Sp..miih-
speaking Canal Zone women, ,l,. iii.: -
bers of the class. Upon retuml I1. thi.:
respective countries, the nev I,-..,ipp'.,I
Grav Ladies will act as instrui.lor: l.s r
other groups in their own I,,.d C(..
societies. The Canal Zone \...i,.: l '.,11
work with the Gorgas HospIl.l (CI.o.v
The capping ceremony w\., ,'',,:n'.1l
with an invocation by Lt. (..I I.., k
Moses. chaplain at Albrook A.\ FI,.:-
Base. A welcome to the guests "..i, gti ,:1,
by Mrs. Daniel J. Paolucci, .lmh 1nin.m
of Volunteer Services, Caii.lI Ziine
Chapter, American Red Cr-.s. ..11, .1
brief talk was given by Miss Hi-l:t:r E.
(arrett, American National 1I'.'l (r.,s
Field Director at Gorgas ]lospi ii
MARCH 2, 19i2
The Gray Ladies were introduced by
Mrs. J. Carl Baquie, chairman of the
Gray Lady Volunteers at Corgas Hos-
pital. The certificates were presented
by Col. Edward Sigerfoos, Director of
Corgas Hospital, and Mrs. Paolucci
presented the women with their pins.
During the training course at Gorgas,
each of the representatives wore Ihe
uniform and cap pertinent to the
\omen's Committee of the National
Red Cross Socijtv in her country. The
day of the capping ceremony, the ladies
came to the Albrook Theater in uniform,
but without caps. Then came the
moment when they received the caps
symbolic of their new role as Gray
Ladis from Miss Beatrice Simonis,
Director of Nurses at Gorgas Hospital.
' Ch: Gray Lady Pledge, administered
by Judge Deming, concluded the
The Albrook Air Force Base Band
provided music for the program. After
the ceremony, a reception for the newly-
capped Gray Ladies was held at the
Albrook Officers Club.
The training course at Corgas in-
cluded a briefing on a volunteer's duties
and responsibilities, as well as on-the-
job training in the many ways a Gray
Lady may help in a hospital.
They were given a review of how the
Gray Lady can help in the food service;
how the volunteer can best serve the
patients of the surgical and orthopedic
services; how to best serve the patient
of the medical service, the nursing serv-
Gray Lady trainees listen attentively to retired Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, President of
the American Red Cross, who visited the Isthmus in connection with the instruction program.
ice, and to assist in the children's wards.
One afternoon during the course, the
volunteers were addressed by Miss
Hester E. Garrett, who outlined the Red
Cross program in a hospital and the role
of the volunteer in the Red Cross Hos-
pital program. She described the admin-
Accompanied by a regular member of the Gorgas Hospital Gray Ladies, a second group
of trainees helps with book and magazine distribution in one of the hospital wards.
-' w- -
,--- ~ L~C'
instration of the Gray Lady program,
the supervision of the program, and its
policies and procedures.
Miss Garrett also spoke on the pur-
pose of social service, the purpose of
the recreation service in relation to
patient needs and interests, with em-
phasis on the role of the Gray Lady in
the hospital recreation program.
The various representatives left for
their home countries on February 15.
The members, and graduates, of this
first Spanish-language training course
at Gorgas Hospital were:
Mrs. Lidia Castillo de Bequillard, Ni-
caragua; Mrs. Marina de Charlaix, El
Salvador; Mrs. Margarita de Dubois,
Panama; Mrs. Magdalena Conte de
Duque, Panama; Miss Mercedes Gordi-
llo, Nicaragua; Mrs. Gladys de Capriles
de Maduro, Costa Rica; Mrs. Marta
McCrav, Panama; Mrs. Laura de
McEntee, El Salvador; Mrs. Maria
Asunci6n de Mejia, Honduras; Miss
Esther Mezerville Ossave, Costa Rica;
Mrs. Alicia Mayorga de Palarea, Gua-
temala; Mrs. Aurora Presas, Curundu,
Canal Zone; Mrs. Thelma C. de Qui-
jano, Panama; Mrs. Estela Portillo de
Ramirez, Guatemala; Mrs. Pura James
de Ross, Guatemala; Mrs. Simcha Sasso
de Sasso, Costa Rica; Mrs. Josette Strat-
mann, Curundu, Canal Zone; Mrs. Car-
men de Valdez. El Salvador; Mrs. Cora
Ann Yore, Panama; Miss Eva Dolores
Zapata, Honduras: Mrs. Francisca Elena
de Ord6ilez, Honduras; and Mrs. Liana
Somarriba de Morales, Nicaragua.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
r^ .l '
Former Panama Carnival Queens Miss Catita Lewis; Mrs. Sarita Chiari Selee: Miss Ruti Ehrlnan; Mrs. Elena Alemin Tapia, Queen of the
Pollera; Mrs. Manuelita Vallarino Morrice, Queen of the 1910 Panama Carnival; Miss Vivian Nalmad, 1962 Balboa High School Car-
nival Queen; Miss Elida Arias: and Mrs. Maria Esther Arango Arosemena at Istbmian Historical Society meeting. Mrs. Amy McCormick,
moderator, and Mrs. Marie Arias Smith, a member of the 1910 Carnival Court, are seated behind table.
This Is Carnaval
Canal Zone G(ov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., greets 1961 Palnama Carnival Queei
Chanis during flag-raising in Balboa. At left is I lernin Arias and, in the center, Et
Its history, traditions, color, spirit,
legend, whys, and wherefores.
IN SPANISH it's Carnaval, in English,
Carnival, in French it's Mardi Gras. But
Sin any language it is a term applied
to a time of festivity, gaiety, and
S general merriment.
.i-. '' The festival, no matter what it is
called or where it is celebrated, has its
origin in religion and ancient traditions
dating to the pre-Christian era, but in
Christian garb it has emerged as a
In Panama, the 4-day festival begins
on the Saturday before the arrival of
Lent on Ash Wednesday. Each of the
4 days has been, by tradition, given
.- \over to a distinct set of events and
traditions, but each and all of them
have a single motif: Celebrate now in
preparation for the austere season
The opening day of the 1962 Car-
nival of the Americas, in Panama, will
be Saturday. March 3, and the observ-
ance will come to an end at dawn on
Ash W\ednesday, March 7.
The first day of the Panama Carnival
is, traditionally. Coronation Day. The
SAna Rtaquel Carnival Queen and her entourage enter
irique Rogers. tile city during the morning and greet
10 MARCH 2, 1962
Momo, Monarch of Merriment, who
will reign for 3 days. At the end of the
3 days, Momo, in the role of Pescado,
Prince of the Fishes, must return for
another year to the kingdom of his
fathers. As a mark of the times, Momo
now arrives at Tocumen Airport. In
days of yore, he would come in a boat
from Taboga-way. Saturday evening,
the coronation of the Carnival Queen
takes place. With the seating of Momo
and the crowning of the Queen, the
fiesta is considered officially open.
Sunday, the second day, is Pollera
Day and everyone who has one of the
colorful dresses participates in a seem-
ingly never-ending parade along Cen-
tral Ave. Sunday evening is one of the
gayest of the Carnival, with pollera and
montuna-clad participants attending
dances throughout the city.
Monday, which has no official title,
usually is the quietest of the Carnival.
The Queen and her court appear in
comparsa, or group costumes, and Car-
nival revelers follow suit, engaging in
their own brand of festive hi-jinks.
The fourth and last full day of Car-
nival, Tuesday, is highlighted by the
Carnival parade of floats in the after-
noon, while the frenzied beat of Car-
nival music throbs faster and faster for
the dances that start early and conclude
only with the dawn. The Carnival
Queen, her court, and all her subjects,
appear in their most elaborate and color-
ful costumes. On this final day of Car-
nival, all serious business is put aside
until Lent begins.
The beginning of the Lenten season
and the conclusion of the Carnival
comes with the "burial of the fish." This
ceremony, held at dawn on Ash Wed-
nesday, is symbolic of the legendary'
transformation of Momo. god of the
fun and frolic of Carnival, into a fish
because he overstaved the earthly
sojourn permitted him by his masters
in the ocean deeps. With the return of
the fish to the sea, the gaiety subsides,
Carnival is over, and the austerity of
All residents and tourists in Panama
at Carnival time are welcome to par-
ticipate in the 4-day celebration. Doing
so is simply a matter of being in the
right place at the right time-and under-
standing at least the basic ingredients
of the spice and ginger cake which
Throughout the festivities, there are
many scheduled and unscheduled activi-
ties of a public or semi-public nature in
which one and all are free to participate.
The start of pre-Carnival planning
and preparation always is signaled by
the raising of the Carnival flag in the
various communities of Panama and the
of the Pollera
pollera de luio.
Canal Zone. This year, the flag was
raised on the Pacific side of the Zone,
with members of the Board of Directors
of the Panama Canal Company and the
1961 Carnival Queen, Ana Raquel
Chanis, participating, on January 19.
The Cristobal flag-raising ceremonies,
held in conjunction with the Colon
flag-raising, was held on February 1.
The following day, the Carnival flag
went up in Santa Cruz, halfway
between the two oceans, and on Feb-
ruary 25 the flag was raised in Rainbow
City, to bring the entire Zone into the
whirligig of pre-Carnival preparations.
These pre-Carnival activities include
the readying of the costumes to be worn,
floats to be used in the parade, and,
most important of all, selection of
queens by the various communities and
participating organizations planning
their own localized observances in con-
nection with the festivities. Although
most of the public attention is, by the
nature of such things, focused on the
Queens of Panama City and Colon, each
of the queens is sovereign only in the
community which she represents.
Last month, as the pre-Carnival pre-
parations moved into high gear on the
Isthmus, the monthly meeting of the
Isthmian Historical Society featured a
discussion of Carnival events over the
years since the first official Carnival
was held under the sanction and sup-
porting sponsorship of the Government
of the Republic of Panama in 1910.
Carnival Queens from 1910, 1915, 1918,
1924, 1925, and 1929 were present.
Mrs. Elena Alemain de Tapia, Queen of
the Pollera, and Miss Vivian Nahmad,
1962 Carnival Queen of Balboa High
School, also participated in the pro-
gram. To complete the Carnival-oriented
meeting, a number of native dances
were performed by Queen Vivian and
Professor Domingo Dominguez, in
whose dancing class she is a pupil.
Professor Dominguez also danced with
Mrs. Tapia, herself a skilled performer
of the tamborito, the punto, and the
Mrs. Frank Morrice was the first
official Carnival Queen of Panama. The
1910 festival over which she reigned
was the first Carnival endorsed and sup-
ported by the Republic of Panama.
Until that year, Carnival had been
almost solely a haphazard observance
celebrated with much rowdiness.
The 1910 Carnival, spurred on by a
contest in the leading daily newspaper
to select a Queen, launched the official
festival. The contestants for Queen
dwindled to five finalists and was won
by Manuelita Vallarino, now Mrs. Mor-
rice. She was crowned in the National
Theater on the last clay of the festivities,
(Sec p. 14)
TIHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Carnival ZUim, a ln f or 44ll
I' l i .n
lMono, Monarch of Carnival Merriment, joins in dancing.
The sea and the life it contains are a central theme nt Carnival
as these two parade floats indicate.
*vly LOES TE ..l. i ;...
I) *I. ln d *t . i ir . . l .,.I.r. ...i L 1 I I ll -. ,,,, .
Parade float depicting legendary Chinese dragons also features beautiful girls.
The parade, highlight and near-conclusion of the 4-day Carnival.
produces, crowds, crowds, and more crowds.
It-Cn -IF -^^B-BN~fl
This Is Carnaval
(Continued from p. 11)
rather than on the first day as present-
day queens are crowned. Mrs. Marie
Arias Smith, a member of the court in
1910, described the beauty of the
Miss Ruti Ehrman, Panama's Car-
nival Queen of 1929, spoke of the
changes in the Carnival celebration
the year she was crowned, when the
Union Club in Panama was the center
of the Queen's activities. She was the
only contestant for Queen that year.
"There was no competition. Everything
was peaceful," she recalled.
Another of the Queens, Miss Elida
Arias, said that in those days, the Car-
nival Queen always was treated with
the greatest gallantry and often sup-
planted the President of the Republic
at functions attended by both.
Both Mrs. Tapia and Miss Nahmad
wore polleras and the highly stylized
jewelry which completes the costume,
while Julio Barba, Miss Nahmad's
escort, wore the male's traditional Car-
nival costume of montuno and the
"sombrero de Penonom6."
These costumes, as much a part of
the Carnival tradition as Momo and the
various Queens, are peculiar to the Isth-
mus and are believed to have developed
among the servant classes. Each of them
s a intriguing history, as Mrs. J. Bar-
til. Smith explained to those attending
more and mo
pollera" comes from
in, a slang term for a
jliih it has become
Slaorate over the years,
Balboa High Queen
I'... Vivian Nahmnad
t' .. with
'' .- Professor Domingo
S d.s at
tradition governs the fashioning of
The pollera de lujo worn by Mrs.
Tapia was embroidered exquisitely \ in
blue aiid adorned with handmade lace.
The background of the pollera always is
white e handkerchief linen of fine lawn,
and the skirt is full, ranging from 6 to
S yards at the hen. Cross-stitch embroi-
dery or applique, all by hand, are used
in decoration. Handmade insertion is
whipped onto each hemn of the pollera's
numerous ruffles, and to this is gathered
Colored yarn is drawn through the
meshes of the wide "off-shoulder" lace
bertha and ends in a large pom-pom at
front and back. Small ribbon tabs at the
waistband and heelless slippers, or
zapatillas, match the embroidery and
One to three petticoats are worn
under the pollera, with the outer one
also elaborately adorned with needle-
work and fine lace, for it is shown
when the skirt of the pollera is
coquettishly lifted during the traditional
Tembleque ornaments, worn in pairs,
now\ are fashioned of tinsel wire and
beads into the shape of flowers, birds,
and butterflies and are anchored to hair-
pins in clusters at either side of the
head. Heirloom tembleques, however,
treasured by many of Panama's older
and wealthier families, are entirely of
gold. Above the tembleques are worn
gold-mounted peinetas and, at the back
of the head, stately peineta de falcon,
or high comb, and peineta de luees,
which reflect light and glisten in it.
Only yellow gold is worn with the
pollera, and pearls and coral are tlhe
only jewels allowed. Mrs. Tapia wore
heirloom jewelry, with the traditional
cadena chata, a flat gold chain which
usually ends in an ornamental religious
piece or a flexible fish, the latter forming
a link with the legend of Pescado. Pearls
are used in the mosqueta, a rounded
gold disk with graduated terraces set
\\ith pearls, with a large pearl in
The montuno still is the customary
attire of men in the remote interior prov-
inces of Panama and derives its name
from the fact that it was originated by
Fashioned of heavy, coarse, white
cloth, the montuno has short, below-
the-knee trousers, which frequently are
ravelled into a fringe thickly inter-
spersed with colored threads, and a
loose tunic, or overshirt, similarly
ravelled and decorated. Leather sandals
are worn on bare feet and, since the
trousers have no pockets, a handwoven
moehila is slung from one shoulder to
carrv anything ordinarily carried in
pockets. The costume is topped by a
handwoven hat, the "sombrero de
The feminine counterpart of this cos-
tume is the montuna, sometimes called
a tumba hombre, or man-killer. In colo-
nial days, this was the dress of the
servants, or slaves. The full-gathered
skirt is made of gay-flowered material
edged with narrow lace at the hem.
Small ribbon tabs at the front and bal-k
of the skirthand match the flat slippers
and pom-poms of the laee-trimmed, off-
the-shoulder blouse. The chief differ-
ence between the blouse of the montuna
and that of the pollera fiesta is that the
former has one ruffle, while the latter
A handwoven hat also is worn with
the montuna. This hat, like the man's,
is turned up in front and usually is
fastened with a pom-pom, while a
matching ribbon streamer hangs down
the back The original wearers of the
montuna had long black braids, which
today's girls, with their short hair, often
imitate with varn braids.
"Toldos," open air-dance halls that
are as typical of Panama as the pollera,
are erected in different areas of the city
for dancing and merriment. Here a
person may dance all night for a small
fee. Outside the toldos, vendors have
tamales, tortillas, came en palito (small
pieces of barbecued beef on a stick),
and beverages available for the dancers.
Thus is the Carnival and its tradi-
tional costumes, dances, legends, and
history upheld in present-clav Panama,
where the entire populace joins in the
colorful festivities and general merri-
ment of the pre-Lenten celebration.
MAnRC 2, 1962
DESPITE a change in plans for the
accelerated vacation season sailing
schedule of the Panama Canal Com-
pany's Cristobal, all employees with
reservations on the vessel for the
affected period will be accommodated
within a few days of their originally
In announcing a revised scheduled
for the vessel for the remainder of this
year, officials of the Water Transporta-
tion Division said the revisions were
necessary in order to provide more time
between arrival and departure of the
ship at both New Orleans and Cristobal.
Under the revised plans, the Cristobal
will make the round trip from Cristobal
to New Orleans and back to Cristobal
in 11 days instead of 10 days during
the accelerated sailing schedule, which
goes into effect with the April 2 sailing
from Cristobal. The present winter
schedule of 14 days for the round trip
is not affected by the changes.
Employees scheduled to sail from
New Orleans on July 3 under the
originally planned schedule will be
divided between the sailings of June 26
and July 7. Those with school children
who were scheduled to sail from New
Orleans on July 3 are being reassigned
to the July 7 sailing, while those without
school children will be reassigned to
the June 26 sailing.
The original plans for the accelerated
vacation schedule provided only 14
hours for unloading and loading the
ship at Cristobal. This was found to be
too short a time and under the new
schedule there will be 32 hours between
arrival and sailing at Cristobal. The
53 hours allotted for stevedoring at New
Orleans will be extended to 56 hours.
During the 11-day schedule, the ship
will leave Cristobal at 3 p.m. and New
Orleans at 4 p.m. Arrival time at New
Orleans will be 8 a.m. and at Cristobal
it will be 7 a.m. The complete schedule
through the remainder of 1962 is
printed herewith, along with a listing
of the changes made in reservations
issued prior to the change from a 10-day
round trip to an 11-day round trip
for the vacation schedule.
Schedule of Cristobal For Remainder of 1962
New Orleans Cristobal
1 p.m. 7 a.m.
February 27 March
March 13 March
*Sails at 1 p.m.
*Preference for passage on these ships will be given to teachers
children of school age traveling with them.
and employees with
or July 7
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
spectators and participants to the Balboa Heights Administration Building.
This is the artist's concept of how the new Gamboa post office will look when completed.
MODERN functional post office design
is the main feature of the new Gamboa
Office now under construction by
.ierias Unidas de Col6n, S.A. at a
cost oi $14,700. Built on the founda-
tions of former frame post office
building, t \w post office will be of
steel and ceent block construction.
It will have outside post boxes on one
side, a lobby for the service windows
at the front and a loading platform at
the back. Scheduled for completion
about July 15, it will be opened to the
public short time later.
During the time that the new post
office is being built, a temporary post
office for Camboa has been set up in
the Gamboa Housing Division Office.
THE TAMBORITO and the cumbia,
danced with graceful sweeps of polle-
ras to the beat of native drums, brought
a brief flurry of gaiety and native color
to the staid Balboa Heights Administra-
tion Building late in January when a
group of Panamanian citizens honored
retiring Cov. W. A. Carter at a public
ceremony of tribute.
One of the first such events ever
staged at the Administration Building,
the demonstration was attended by offi-
cials as well as private citizens from
Panama. Students from the National
Institute of Panama participated in the
native folk dancing, which concluded a
ceremony during which Governor
Carter was presented a medallion as
a token of esteem from the Panamanian
The former Governor left the Isth-
mus by plane January 25 for Washing-
ton, D.C., where he took over his new
position as senior engineer advisor of
the Inter-American Development Bank.
He was succeeded in February by Maj.
(;en. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., who first
visited the Isthmus during the January
meeting of the Board of Directors of
the Panama Canal Company and then
returned on February 2 to assume his
new duties as Governor of the Canal
Zone and President of the Panama
16 MARCH 2, 1962
Public tribute to retiring Governlor Carter brought a crowd of
"WHAT'S WRONG with you guys?
I sent my little boy up there with his
older sister and it should be obvious
I wanted a doctor to see him. I cer-
tainly didn't want him sitting there for
an hour while you goofed around trying
to call me."
The speaker is an irate parent and the
listener a member of the hospital staff
who frequently has difficulty over-
coming the angry flow of \words to
explain the whys and wherefores of the
situation, which is typical of a recurring
problem for the hospitals and a source
of annoyance to parents.
Back of the misunderstanding is the
requirement that Canal Zone hospitals
must have the consent of a parent or
legal guardian before a doctor can
examine or provide treatment for a
minor. Even in an emergency, treat-
ment nust await authority from the
parent unless delay would endanger the
life or future health of the child.
Hospital and legal authorities point
out that all the difficulty can be avoided
if parents unable to accompany a
minor child to the hospital send a
written consent, or telephone immedi-
ately prior to the appointment to give
verbal consent. (Under Canal Zone law,
any person under 21 years of age is con-
sidered a minor, except a married
female 1S years of age or older.)
In preparing a written note for the
child, the parent or legal guardian
should give the youngster's name and
refer to the condition for which treat-
ment is sought, for a consent is not valid
if too general or if it refers to unrelated
The hospital and legal authorities
also point out that the requirement is
for the protection of the minor against
mistreatment and thus should be viewed
by parents as an additional assurance
rather than an annoyance.
THE COMPASS, an external house
organ published by the Soconv Mobil
Oil Co., Inc.. devoted the entire cover
and five inside pages of the January-
February issue to an article on the
Panama Canal, which it refers to as
"The Canal That Couldn't Be Dug."
The cover picture, in color, shows a
ship and tug northbound in Gaillard
Cut near Contractors Hill. The pictures
illustrating the article, all but one of
them in color, show the locks, work on
the current Cut-widening project, and
other Canal sights. Photographs used
for both the cover and to illustrate the
article were supplied by the Panama
Canal Compan .
TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17
Karina Caries of
Martha Jane Spinney
of Girl Scouts of
the U.S.A., and
of International Girl I l
Isthmian Girl Scout
MORE THAN 1,000 Canal Zone Girl
Scouts and approximately 300 adult
leaders paused late last month in their
usual round of troop meetings and activi-
ties to honor the memory of the founder
of the Scout movement, Lord Robert
Baden-Powell, and Juliette Low, who
established the first troop of Girl Scouts
of the U.S.A.
The same girls and adult leaders also
were making special preparations to
celebrate the 50th anniversary of the
founding of that first troop by Juliette
Low on March 12, 1912. Since that first
troop of 12 girls met in Savannah, Ga.,
almost 18'I million girls, women, and
men have participated in programs asso-
ciated with the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A.
The Girl Scouts in the Canal Zone,
like their counterparts in the United
States and 48 other countries around tlhe
world where U.S. citizens live, have a
long tradition of international friend-
ship. Each year, hundreds of teenage
girls and adults participate in an inter-
national exchange program sponsored
by the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. in
cooperation with 51 member countries
of the World Association of Girl Guides
and Girl Scouts.
In the Canal Zone, however, associa-
tions between girls of three different and
distinct scouting organizations are almost
daily events. For here, the Girl Scouts
of the U.S.A. rub shoulders and exchange
experiences and knowledge with both
the Muchachas Guias of Panama and
the International Girl Scouts of the
Officials of both the other Girl Scout
organizations on the Isthmus were
guests of the Canal Zone Council, Girl
Scouts of the U.S.A., at the Juliette
Low teas held on each side of the Isth-
mus last month to honor the woman
who first introduced Girl Scouting to
the United States.
The international friendship programs
carried out by troops of the Canal Zone
Council, Girl Scouts of the U.S.A.,
include welfare projects on behalf of
various organizations in Panama, with
particular emphasis on orphanages and
There also are frequent meetings
between troops of the various Girl Scout
organizations on the Isthmus. These
meetings usually arc planned to provide
an exchange of knowledge between the
girls of the different organizations. In
this way, members of the Girl Scouts of
the U.S.A. learn something of Isthmian
and Caribbean folkways, handicraft,
and language, while members of the
Muchachas Guias and International Cirl
Scouts learn similar things about the
United States and its citizens.
Capstone of local events marking the
50th anniversary of the Girl Scouts of
the U.S.A. on March 12 will be
issuance of a stamp commemorating the
date. This stamp, issued by the Canal
Zone Postal Division, carries a trefoil
design in the foreground and palm trees,
tents, and the Canal in the background.
Present officers of the Canal Zone
Council, Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., are
Mrs. Harold Spinneyv, Los Rios, Pres-
ident; Mrs. Walter O'Conner, Fort
Clayton, First Vice President: Mrs.
Robert Piper, Quarry Heights, Second
Vice President; and Mrs. Nellie T.
Farrell, Executive Director.
JOHN E. DOVE, wxho said his good-
byes at Palo Seco Leprosarirnm on
January 30, \will be remembered fondly
by the patients, who honored him on
his last da\y there. Later, he went to
the Administration Building at Balboa
Heights to receive a retirement certifi-
cate for 47 years, 2 months, and 12 davs
of Company, Government service.
Handkerchiefs were used unashamedly
to wipe away tears during a gathering
in the Palo Seco Recreation Hall, as
several of the patients at Palo Seco
voiced the deep appreciation of their
fellow patients and themselves for the
ministrations they had received from
Mr. Dove for more than a third of a
Francisco Arosemena, endeavoring to
put his gratitude and that of other
patients into words, said, "For 37 )years
you've lived with us and aided us, and
our deepest thanks go out to you for all
vou did for us. I well remember how
vou came to us in the little launch, even
when the seas were roughest. May God
go with vou."
Simeon Hall, with tears streaming
down his face, said there was no music,
but no music was needed; there was no
chorus of voices to sing a farewell
melody, but no farcwcll songs were
required by those present, moved, as
they were, by sincere sentiment.
In addition to the verbal tributes,
Mr. Dove was presented a watch from
patients and fellow employees at the
John E. Dove, in suit, poses with patients and fellow employees at Palo Seco Leprosarium.
leprosarium. The presentation was made
by Adrienne Charles. An inscription on
the back of the watch bears the name
John E. Dove and the dates, August
The honor guest noted, in his speech
of acceptance, that he had come to Palo
Seco for a temporary assignment, expect-
ing to remain 7 days at the most. He
remained for 37 years.
Arriving on the Isthmus on May 1,
1914, Mr. Dove's first employment
with the Canal organization was as a
waiter. He worked at the Tivoli Hotel,
the Hotel Aspinwall on Taboga Island,
and in the La Boea restaurant. In 1917
he transferred to the Health Bureau and,
prior to his position at Palo Seco, was
an attendant at Ancon Hospital.
On August 7, 1925, he went to Palo
Seco as a medical aid and, in his own
words, "dedicated myself to the purpose
for which 1 came." The spontaneous
tributes paid him by the gathering in
the Palo Seco Recreation Hall on his
last work day demonstrated that his
dedication was sincere and appreciated.
Joseph Trowver, left, and Roger Chastain.
A YOUNG MAN on his way up. This
description would seem to fit Joseph
Trower, a Balboa High School graduate
who is studying industrial engineering
at Georgia Institute of Technology in
Atlanta and simultaneously is becoming
a success in the entertainment field.
Young Joe recently stepped iup
another rung on the ladder to success as
a professional musician when he and a
college friend recorded a guitar and
vocal version of a song named "Jungle
The record, according to first reports
from such experts as American Band-
stand and National Music Survey, Inc.,
has all the earmarks of a hit.
In fact, the recording was chosen by
National Music Survey, which services
about 1,200 stations all over the United
States. as its pick hit of the week and
American Bandstand gave it 97 out of
a possible 9S points for first place in a
In record publishing circles, this
means that success in a difficult field
may be in sight and that the students
may really break into the "big time."
Young Trower and his friend, Roger
Chastain of Georgia, call themselves
"The Legends," when appearing profes-
sionally. In private or student life, they
are a pair of senior engineering students
who expect to graduate from Georgia
Tech in June.
Joe is the soi of the late R. M. Trowver
and Mrs. Trowver of Balboa. He was
born in the Canal Zone, attended Canal
Zone schools, and was graduated from
Balboa High School in 195S. He took
up the guitar in his primary school days
and became expert in his high school
years under supervision of Victor Herr,
former Director of Music at Balboa
in college, he met young Chastain,
joined the glee club, played the guitar,
and last year made a tour of Europe
with a group of other students from
Georgia Tech. They also appeared on
amateur programs and in night elubs
in addition to keeping up with their
engineering studies at college.
18 MAncH 2, 1962
WALTER R. LINDSAY, Canal Zone
agronomist, a man wiho has left his mark
on the Isthmus in the form of many of
the now common trees and shrubs used
in local landscaping, is on his way to a
hobby-filled retirement in Florida. With
his wife, Mr. Lindsay Lft the Isthmus
on February 20 aboard the Cristobal,
after 31 years, I month, and II davs of
service with the Canal organization.
The retiring agronomist has been
responsible for bringing many new
plants to the Isthmus, but few of them
are more striking than the Norfolk Island
pine trees which can be seen here and
there in both the Zone and Panama.
This vividly green tree with the char-
acteristic pine contours has survived in
the Isthmian climate, but Mr. Lindsay
fears they may never reproduce.
His landscaping work also has con-
tributed to the beauty of both the Zone
and Panama, where he frequently has
aided and advised friends and officials
in their landscaping problems. Mr. Lind-
say directed the work performed at the
Canal Zone Governor's residence in pre-
paration for the visit of Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Six years
later he repeated the performance to
provide a background for the reception
for Prince Philip.
Mr. Lindsay was born at Paia on the
island of Maui, in what was then tlhe
Territory of Hawaii, and grew up in
the horticultural environment of the
50th State. His father was an engineer
on vessels which traveled to the Orient,
but Walter followed in the footsteps of
an unele who had the only nursery on
the island of Maui.
Having chosen agronomy as his field,
\alter spent summer vacations working
as a supervisor of laborers on pineapple
plantations in the Pacific island group.
He joined the Canal organization in
December 1930, after receiving his
bachelor of science degree from Wash-
ington State College. His first job was
supervisor of cultures at the Canal Zone
Experimental Gardens, Summit. The
Gardens were relatively new in those
days, having been established only some
half-dozen years previously on the site
of a former poultry farm.
Named Acting Directorof the Gardens
in mid-1936, he was advanced to Direc-
tor 2 years later and in June 1950 was
named Chief of the then newly estab-
lished Grounds Maintenance Division.
He was transferred to the position of
agronomist with the consolidation which
resulted in the present Community
Mr. Lindsay is the author of papers
on mangosteen cultivation, on teak in
the Canal Zone, on the natural resources
of the Panama area, and on edible and
poisonous fruits of the Caribbean area.
He was one of the organizers of the
Canal Zone Cem and Mineral Society,
was a charter member of the Orchid
Society, and was 1961 president of the
Canal Zone Natural History Society.
- .-, -
Walter H. Lindsay and Norfolk Island pine.
That hobby-filled retirement? Even
before he left the Isthmus, Mr. Lindsav
had forwarded numerous orchids and
rocks to St. Petersburg, Fla., thus pre-
paring to continue two of his several
hobbies in the additional spare time
which he now will have.
TEN DAYS spent in the Canal Zone
undoubtedly will be remembered
fondly for many years by 11-year-old
Beida Batista, a resident of a small
Panamanian village north of Divisa.
Winsome Beida, shy but inquisitive,
visited the Zone as a houseguest of
Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Loga of Los Rios.
The Logas first met Beida last summer,
after renting a house in the Panama-
nian village of Paris, where the young
girl makes her home with the farm
family of Julio Cedefio.
Living next door, Beida soon became
a frequent visitor, assisting Mrs. Loga
with the housework. Pleased with
Beida's intelligence and natural charm,
the Canal Zone couple promised her the
Zone visit if she got good grades in
school. The young girl paid heed and
completed her fifth year of school with
the equivalent of five A's and one B.
The 10-day visit to the Zone followed.
The trip to the Zone was the first time
that Beida had been south of Divisa,
which is 12 miles from Paris. Tlhe
journey, made in the company of
TIHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19
iMr. Loga and a hunting companion,
Clifford Samuels, elicited a constant
flow of-'luestions from Beida.
Faseinated by the people, traffic,
stores, merchandise, and other unfami-
liar sights in the Zone and the neighbor-
ing parts of Panpma, Beida was treated
to several shopping-nd sightseeing trips
into Paii1Tna City. These iniellided a
visit to tlh-eamarket. anot-he-t4o- -t e
Sunday morning drawing of the National
Lottery, and a trip downtown to watch
the parade in honor of Don Bosco on
In the Canal Zone, she visited Mira-
flores Locks, Contractors Hill, the
Administration Building at Balboa
Heights, was conducted on a tour of
the SS Cristobal, and made a round trip
between Balboa and Gambon on the
Outfitted with the first readvmade
clothes she ever has owned. Beila left
for home 10 days after arrival, pro-
fuse in her thanks and appreciation.
Undoubtedly she has been busily telling
of her adventures ever since, but the
fond memories are not hers alone-the
Logas also have many that will not
soon be forgotten.
Robert W. Anderson
Ralph L. Sell
Lead Foreman, Quarters
Mean Actorus Brown
Christopher T. Cox
Manuel NM. Camarena
Liyala E. Bailey
Seiford N. Lyneh
Floating Plant Water Tender
Reginald P. Young
Nadine WV. Cain
Head Nurse, Psychiatry
Ruby E. Ford
Ileavv Pest Control Laborer
Cecil G. Wilmot
Vivian V. Pinto
HIy C. Lattin
Chief Engineei. Towboat or
Fred M. Weade
Nelson R. Clark
Supervisory Marine Traffic
Lambert W. Kat
Towboat or Ferry Master
Rupert A. Tomlinson
Edgard U. ortit
Mareial Esciu a
James P. B ukalis
Leader ,,elk W hii
John S. Romelis
James S. Best
L. C. Greenidge
Renaldo E. Henry
Emelio B. Iumphries
Helper Lock Operator
Alejo C. Guevara
Rogelio A. Canizales
Frank L. Maloney
Helper Lock Operator
Louis E. Palmer
Luis C. Quintero
OFFICE OF TIHE
Thomas II. Scott
-1ii tir '-)rker
Cecil W~. Ilaughton
Louis George Jean
Enlth U. Clarke
Annetta B. Remice
Dry Cleaning Presser
Rosa Amelia Prados
Elphina A. Williams
Retail Store Sales Checker
Lloyd II. Harriott
Service Center Supervisor
MNay Louise Johnson
Retail Store Sales Checker
Pablo Del Cid
Claudine A. Daxoi
William B. Mallory
Chief. Motion Picture Service,
Estella T. Nelson
Rullth 1. Callender
Retail Store Sales Checker
John II. Blades
Lead Foreman Dock Cargo
George G. Mandevillc
Clarence P. Whyte
Helper Locomotive Engineer
Rupert S. Austin
Victor L. Caldera
Vernal C. Williams
Reeinald MI. Myric
Phillip A. Gill
Uriah A. Williams
20 MARCH 2, 1962
(On the basis of total Federal Service)
James i. Monris
oh Sruction InC or
Fr *k Driv
ARI E BUREAU
Sept) us Sinmos
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Samuel J. Silcott
Heavy Laundry Worker
Clyde S. Prescott
Track Leader Laborer
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
January 5 through February 5
EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between January 5 and
February 5 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
EXECUTIVE PLANNING STAFF
Thomas E. Burrow, from Supervisory Or-
ganization Methods Examiner, to Man-
agement Analysis Officer (Assistant Chief,
Executive Planning Staff).
R. Trendon Vestal, from Organization and
Methods Examiner, to Management
Analyst (Plans Officer).
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Wilmna D. Crump, Secretary (Stenography),
Irom Office of the Director, Transporta-
tion and Terminals Bureau, to Office of
Hector Ching, from Truck Driver, Motor
Transportation Division, to Detention
Guard, Police Division.
Division of Schools
Anita MI. McClelland, from Substitute
Teacher, to Elementary and Secondary
Eunice E. Mason, from Substitute Teacher,
Latin American Schools, to Elementary
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Edward M. Browder, Jr., from General
Engineer (Assistant Engineering and
Construction Director), to Supervisory
General Engineer (Assistant Engineering
and Construction Director), Office of the
Meyer S. Slotkin, from General Engineer
(Assistant Designing Engineer), to Super-
visory General Engineer (Assistant
Edward H. Allen, from Mechanical Engi-
neer (Industrial Equipment), to Super-
visory General Engineer (Chief, Locks
Overhaul and Maintenance Branch).
Wayne H. Nellis, from Electrical Engineer
(General), to Electronic Engineer
Sidney Temple, File Clerk, from Admin-
Francesco Viglietti, William II. Gordon,
Larchan II. Robinson, from Launch
Operator, to Motor Launch Captain.
John F. Runck, from Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Property and Supply Clerk.
Joseph Mathurin, from Seaman, to Floating
Ricardo R. Reefer, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Robert II. McConaughey, from Apprentice
Power Plant Operator, First Year, to
Apprentice Power Plant Operator,
Livingstone B. Reece, from Helper Arma-
ture Winder, to Electroplater (Limited).
lenry S. Steven, from Laborer, to Heavy
Meano A. Brown, llector M. DeSouza,
Sidney A. Gordon, Herman G. Myles,
from Oiler, to Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Plant Operator.
Salvador Navas, from Heavy Laborer, to
Carlos Herazo, from Utility Worker, Sup-
ply Division, to Asphalt or Cement
Contract and Inspection Division
Junior C. Billingsley, from Towing Loco-
motive Engineer, Locks Division, to
Construction Inspector (General).
Jimmy R. Givens, from Accountant, to
Graduate Intern (Administrative Serv-
ices) Office of the Director.
Reginald F. Sandiford, from Hospital
Laborer, Gorgas Hospital, to Nursing
Assistant (Psychiatry), Corozal Hospital.
Carlos L. James, from Laborer Cleaner,
Supply Division, to Kitchen Attendant,
Palo Seco Leprosarium.
Alexander Egudin, from Pharmacist, to
Geraldine W. Knick, from Staff Nurse, to
OFFICE OF TIE COMPTROLLER
Jerome E. Steiner, from Supervisory
Cashier, to Supervisory Cashier (Assist-
ant Treasurer), Treasury Branch.
John C. Paige, from Teller, to Supervisory
Cashier, Treasury Branch.
Phyllis D. Powers, from Accounting Assist-
ant, Supply Division, to Time, Leave,
and Payroll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Walter A. Dryja, from Administrative Serv-
ices Officer (Assistant to Marine Direc-
tor) to Industrial Engineer (Assistant to
Marine Director), Office of the Director.
George Warren, from Service Station At-
tendant, Supply Division, to Helper
Rigger, Navigation Division.
Jose M. Yanguez, from Laborer, Com-
munity Services Division, to Helper Car-
penter, Industrial Division.
Martha J. M. McGee, Clerk-Typist, from
Employment and Utilization Division, to
Office of the Chief.
Marjorie R. Butler, from Clerk, to Statisti-
cal Clerk, Office of the Chief.
Jerald S. Burke, from Toolroom Attendant,
to Stock Control Clerk.
Eliott F. Brathwaite, from Stock Control
Clerk, to Sign Painter.
Florencio Rios, from Boatman, to Leader
Ricardo A. Smith, from Helper Lock Oper-
ator, to Toolroom Attendant.
Antonio Jimenez, Carlos F. Master, from
Line Handler, to Helper Lock Operator.
Arline L. Millard, Clerk-Typist, from
Gorgas Hospital, to Employment and
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
George H. Neal, Instrument Repairman,
from Industrial Division.
Maria T. L6pez, from Utility Worker, to
Edith Edwards, from Sales Clerk, to Clerk.
Roosevelt L. Grant, from Kitchen Attend-
ant, to Cook.
Maudline Jemmott, from Car Hop, to
Utility Worker and Car Hop.
Allan R. Ellis, from Package Boy, to
Napoleon B. Ashby, from Package Boy, to
Monica O.Mlarecheau, from Utility Worker,
to Counter Attendant.
Alfonso Elliott, from Laborer Cleaner, to
Luis C. Quintero, Jules Vreux, Typewriter
Repairman, from Industrial Division.
Oscar Edmund, Jr., Edgar R. McCollin,
Anel E. Moreno, from Pinsetter, to
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMILNALS
Norman E. J. Demers, from Administrative
Services Officer (Assistant to Transporta-
tion and Terminals Director) to Trans-
portation Operations Officer (Assistant
Transportation and Terminals Director),
Office of the Director.
George B. Erskine, from Warehouseman,
to Accounting Clerk, Motor Transporta-
Joseph A. Vowell, from Road and Yard
Conductor, to Road and Yard Conductor
and Train Dispatcher, Railroad Division.
Frank A. Aird, Eric Malcolm, from Leader
Industrial Tractor Operator, to Leader
Florentino Chero, Vincent Mullings, from
Industrial Tractor Operator, to Stevedore.
Miguel Prados, from High Lift Truck Oper-
ator, to Stevedore.
Jose P. Paruta, from Dock Worker, to High
Lift Truck Operator.
Pablo Bonilla, from Dock Worker, to
Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Juan Tud, from Railroad Trackman, to
Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Donald A. Clarke, from Clerk Checker, to
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Marciano Batista, Nursing Assistant, Coco
Thatcher A. Clisbee, Management Analyst
(Capital Program Coordinator), Execn-
tive Planning Staff.
Joseph M. Cooke, Supervisory General
Engineer (Designing Engineer), Engi-
Sigurd E. Esser, Director of Schools (Super-
intendent of Schools), Division of
Ruth A. Fishbough, Medical Record Libra-
rian, Gorgas Hospital.
Juan Flores, Winchman, Terminals Divi-
Margaret M1. Gallardo, Medical Clerk
(Typing), Gorgas Hospital.
Eddie B. Goodrich, Electrical Engineer
(General), Engineering Division.
Reginal A. Guillette, Clerk-Typist, Com-
munity Services Division.
Charles T. Jackson, Jr., Administrative
Services Officer, Office of the Director,
Earl C. Keeney, Teller, Treasury Branch.
Arthur J. O'Leary, Deputy Comptroller,
Office of the Comptroller.
Harold 1. Perantie, Office Services Manager
(Chief, Administratitve Branch), Admin-
Norman L. Randall, Jr., Structural Engi-
neer, Engineering Division.
Luz E. Reyes, Clerk-Stenographer, Account-
Roy C. Stockman, Supervisory General
Engineer (Chief, Locks Division), Office
of the Chief, Locks Division.
William C. Willoughby, Mechanical Engi-
neer (Industrial Equipment), Engineer-
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
EMPLOYEES who retired from service
\with the Panama Canal Company and
Canal Zone Government during January
are listed below with their position at
the time of retirement and years of
)Dhola S. Archibold, Shipworker, Terminals
Division, Cristobal; 27 years, 9 months,
Benjamin A. Bilton, Shipwvorker, Terminals
Division, Cristobal; 32 years, 1 month,
Pedro B. Cacercs, Heavy Laborer, Ter-
minals Division; 22 years, 2 months,
George E. Coleman, Sheet Metal Worker,
Industrial Division; 22 years, 2 months,
Eric S. Cooper, Helper Lock Operator;
15 years, 1 month, 21 days.
Chris A. Devine, Electrician, Electrical
Division; 11 years, 2 months, 17 days.
John E. Dove, Medical Aid, Palo Seco Lep-
rosarium; 47 years, 2 months, 12 days.
Ruth Dunscombe, Position Classifier, Per-
sonnel Bureau; 19 years, 7 months,
Wilbur Dunscombe, Supervisory Chemist,
Gorgas Hospital; 25 years, 3 months,
Felix Ehrman, Leader Boatman, Pacific
Locks Division; 35 years, 9 months,
Percy M. Greenidge, Nursing Assistant,
Gorgas Hospital; 42 years, 11 months,
Enrique Crifo, Clerk, Supply Division;
36 years, 1 month, 14 (lays.
Frederick MW. Ilensler, General Foreman,
Navigation Division; 13 years, 8 months,
Zephaniah J. Jesse, Helper Pipefitter, In-
dustrial Division; 30 years, 2 months,
Anthony R. Lombroia, General Foreman,
Maintenance Division; 35 years, 9
months, 15 days.
William F. Long, Policeman, Atlantic Dis-
trict; 21 years, 5 months, 19 days.
William E. Lundy, Assistant Treasurer,
Treasury Branch; 32 years, 8 months,
Jeanne C. Burgoon, Accounting Technician,
Accounting Division; 33 years, 7 months,
William C. Merchant, Water Systems Con-
trolman, Water and Laboratories Branch,
Maintenance Division; 21 years, 6
months, 27 days.
Eusebio Monserrate, Line Handler, Atlan-
tic Locks; 42 years, 8 months, 25 days.
Albert E. Prince, Storekeeping Clerk,
Supply Division; 39 years, 11 months,
Romualdo Ramnns, Cattle Attendant, Mindi
Dairy; 15 years, 10 months, 2 days.
Walter E. Robison, Inspector Carman, Rail-
road Division; 20 years, 5 months,
Joslin J. Shares, Laborer Corgas Hospital,
IHealth Bureau; 24 years, 7 months,
orge M. SIl\ ester, Senior Chief Towboat
\iv. Navigation Division; 18 years,
** '.,,26 davs.
John J. William
ipcet, Laborer, Community
is 32 years, 7 months,
, Lift Truck Operator,
ivis -1 years, 5 months,
50 Years Ago
THE SPILLWAY at Gatun Dam was
closed 50 years ago this month, and
Gatun Lake was rising, under the pre-
vailing dry season flow, at the rate of
about an inch a day. Arrangements had
been made to keep the water from
rising above any specified level by dis-
charging any excess. Concrete work in
the spillwvay of Gatun Dam was more
than 81 percent completed.
\ork was advancing on installation
of towing locomotive tracks at both
Gatun and Pedro Miguel Locks. The
tracks to carry the electric locomotives
which control the movement of vessels
through the locks were unique in colm-
parison with ordinary first class railway
construction, with special emphasis on
President William Howard Taft ruled
that no automobile, motorcycle, or bicy-
cle should be driven or operated over
the roads or streets of the Canal Zone
at a speed exceeding 15 miles an hour.
25 Years Ago
BIG NE\\S on the Isthmus 25 years ago
this month was the announcement that
a destroyer and submarine base would
be built by the U.S. Navy on the Pacific
side and a U.S. Navy air station on the
Atlantic side. The plans were revealed
in Washington with publication of tes-
timony in the hearings on the $526 mil-
lion Navy supply bill. The bill had been
reported upon favorably by the House
Appropriations Committee and was
passed by Congress late in the month.
Gov. Clarence S. Ridley, in testimony
before the House Merchant Marine and
Fisheries Committee, urged that favor-
able action be taken on a bill authorizing
superannuity pay for non-U.S.-citizen
employees of the Panama Canal and the
Panama Railroad on the Isthmus.
10 Years Ago
The House Appropriations Committee
called for increased toll rates for ships
using the Panama Canal and cut the
appropriation requested for the Canal
Zone Government by $11/2 million. Canal
officials indicated that the tolls question
would be among the first business to be
considered by the Board of Directors at
a meeting in Wlashington, D.C.
Three Department of the Army rep-
resentatives met on the Isthmus with
Canal and Army officials to discuss the
proposed transfer of areas in military
reservations on the Pacific side to the
Panama Canal Company for the Canal
housing project. Representatives from
the office of the Secretary of the Army
were headed by Peter Beasley, Special
Consultant to the Secretary of the Army.
One Year Ago
APPOINTMENT of Col. W. P. Leber
to succeed Lt. Gov. John D. McElheney
was announced last March by Gov.
W. A. Carter. Colonel Leber was to
come to the Canal Zone from Washing-
ton, D.C., where he was Executive
Officer to the Chief of the Corps of
Be Careful Not a Statistic
M\IAIn 2, 1962
111111 STO0 RY
'62 '61 '62 '61 '62
ALL UNITS 188 535(322) 10 16(2) 6078
YEAR TO DATE 188 535(322) 10 16(2) 6078
( Locks Overhaul injuries Included In iotal.
Mrs. F. R. Johnson discusses Japanese block print with Lt. Gov. and Mrs. W. P. Leber.
BUDDING Isthmian artists, some of opened late in January and continue
whom had little or no art instruction through March 2. The exhibit \\
prior to last fall, had the thrill last opened formally by Roger C. Hacke
month of seeing their work exhibited Dean of the Canal Zone Junior Colle
in the Little Gallery of the Tivoli and Mrs. Philip Thornton, President
Guest House. the local chapter of the American Pe
Under the joint sponsorship of the women, assisted by Mrs. F. R. (Pet
Canal Zone unit of the National League Johnson, instructor of the experimcn
of American Pcnwomen and the Canal art classes of the Canal Zone Jun:
Zone Division of Schools, the show College and other school officials.
I 11 n
TIn it. I 1IR WB'
Dean Roger C. Hackett of Junior College opens Little Gallery show. Left to right are M
Johnson, Mrs. Philip Thornton,Dean Ilackett,Sigurd E. Esser, Mrs. Esser,and Mrs. Hacke
Show at Tivoli features work
of art students in Canal Zone
Junior College classes.
ed The exhibit included the best work
"as produced during the first semester
ett, classes by students in the studio paint-
ge, ing classes which meet on Saturdays
of and the design classes which meet each
en- Thursday afternoon.
e) The design class exhibits included
tal woodblock prints in oil and watercolors
ior produced by students using the Japa-
nese method of woodblock printing.
The studio paintings included repro-
ductions of contemporary art and oil
paintings of various subjects.
Mrs. Johnson completed her studies
in fine arts last year at Columbia
University and during recent years in-
structed the Palette Group of Morgan's
Hill. In addition to the Junior College
art classes, she teaches art in Diablo
Heights Junior High School.
Her students this year included a
number who had studied with the
Palette Group, as well as several adults
who never before had tried their hand
in the field of art. The results, Mrs.
Johnson says, were highly satisfactory,
especially in the work with Japanese
The exhibit was the first of its kind
ever held in the Little Gallery, which
normally is used to display the paintings
of professionals or advanced students.
The Junior College art classes, now\
several years old have grown from an
original enrollment of about a dozen
rs. to the present enrollment of 55 in the
*tt. two classes.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Capt. Richard G. Jack signs guest book.
New Grace Liners
THE DIVERSITY of cargoes being
carried through the Panama Canal by
Grace Line ships in the west coast of
South America trade has had a great
influence on the flexibility of arrange-
ments for stowing and handling cargo
in the -new vessels now\ being built
for the line by the Bethlehem Steel
Co. yard- at Sparrows,, Point, near
Baltimore, IMd. '
Southbound, the Grace ships carry
-automobiles arid other vehicles; lubri-
cating oils, detergents, and general
cargo that can be.packaged in con-
tainers. NorthllB'oufd f' h fransport
fruits from Chile, cocoa beans, balsa,
and baanaas from Ecuador, coffee from
Colombia, frozen shrimp from Panama,
and liquid cargoes such as molasses and
sperm oil from Peru':
The new $17 million passenger-cargo
ship Santa Magdalena, which was
launched in February, will be able to
carry 175 standard 20-foot containers
or truck trailer vans with a total capac-
ity of 188,600 cubic feet. She also will
have 390,000 cubic feet of temperature-
controlled space, and 24,000 cubic feet
of deepfreeze space. In addition, there
will be tanks for oils, detergents, and
The new ships are expected to have
space for bananas loaded at Canal ports.
Banana conveyors, being installed as
part of the ship's standard equipment,
will load the fruit at the rate of 2,40.)
stems an hour.
Ancon Up For Sale
TIE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY'S
Ancon, taken out of service in June 1961
after 22 years, w ill be sold to the
highest bidder above $550,000 on
March 9. The bids will be opened in
the General Accounting Office in Wash-
ington by representatives of the U.S.
Maritime Administration, which is
handling the disposal of the ship.
Since the Ancon was removed from
service with the Panama Canal Comn-
pan.y, she has been docked in New
Orleans, where she was used for training
Army reservists. The purchaser of tlie
vessel will ,e required to operate it for
at least 5 years under the U.S. flag.
Coal for Japan
A NEW 1' K CARRIER \which in
December transited the Canal "w ith one
of tle b)itggest cargoes of coal ever
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN JANUARY
U.S. Government ...........
Free transits. ..............
U.S. Government. 71,818
Total ... $4,522,895
U.S. Government. 73,447
Total. . 5,146,045
SIncludes tolls on all vessels. ocean-going and small.
* Cargo figures are in long tons.
loaded into an ocean-going ship, is
scheduled to transit southbound again
in March with similar cargo. She is the
669-foot Naess Clipper, a brand new
supership built by the Mitsubishi Ship-
building & Engineering Co. in Japan for
the Anglo-Pacific Shipping Co., Ltd., of
Bermuda, a subsidiary of the Naess
In December, the vessel arrived here
from Hampton Roads with 37,800 tons
of high grade metallurgical coal from
the New River region of the Chesapeake
& Ohio Railroad. The coal was for the
Yawata Iron & Steel Co. of Japan.
United States shipping experts said it
was the beginning of a long-term con-
tract with Japanese steel firms which
was negotiated by C. H. Sprague & Son,
largest exporter of U.S. coal. Eventually,
S1 million tons will be shipped annually
under the contract.
The Naess Clipper is one of two ships
now engaged in the operation. The
second, the Naess Cavalier, completed
bI Mitsubishi in December, went north
through the Canal at the end of
February. Both ships load iron ore in
Peru on their return trip from Japan to
the cast coast of the United States. The
Nacss Shipping Co. vessels are repre-
sented at the Canal by Wilford & McKay.
New Canal Customers
THE PANAMA CANAL was used for
the first time by 418 ocean-going ships
of all sizes and types during the first
7 months of fiscal year 1962. With most
of the first transits arriving at Cristobal,
the Atlantic side admeasurement office
handled 305 of the vessels and 113 were
handled by the Balboa office.
If the number of first transits continue
at the same volume during the remain-
ing 5 months of the fiscal year, the total
may exceed the 653 first transits
recorded during the previous fiscal year.
S-C .-.- _
-- --. .--
-JNDER THE ABLE HAND of Panama Canal pilot Capt. 11. W. Rubelli, the giant trans-
'Atlanlid liner United States is cased into her berth at pier 9 in Cristobal as she arrived
there February 9 for the first of two visits during the month. The big ship, making her first
"visit to a Canal port, is one of the largest commercial vessels ever to dock here. Stretching
990 feet from bow to stern, the United States took all but a comparative whisker of the
1,000-foot long Cristobal pier. The ship made its second visit on February 26. Approximately
850 passengers were aboard on each visit.
2.1 MAncit 2, 1962