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Vl ( CAIMi p (. \-ernor- Presidte tit
\\. 1.1 Liecnant Gv rio
\1 'i ki t
Pan kil Cail ]I I Ofc)
Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly at Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mont nsl Zone
N. I). CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor
EUNICE RICHARD and TOBI BITTEL
\\'ILIAM BURNS, Official Photographer
vivce (-entlers, Retail Stores. and the Tivoli Groe
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back
ole payable to the Panama Canal Company
l rial Offices are located in the Administra
Sose for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
oples 10 cents each.
uld be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights. C. Z.
ilding. Balboa Heights. C. Z.
TIlE BRIDGE WORKMEN shown on this month's cover eating
their lunch while perched on girders of the Thatcher Ferry
Bridge superstructure simply don't take time away from their
jobs to eat in more mundane surroundings, although elsewhere
on the bridge there are less precarious spots in which to enjoy
a sandwich and thermos of coffee or a soda.
A much more inviting spot, at least to anyone dizzied by
heights-which the bridge steel workers obviously are not-would
seem to be at the uppermost levels of the bridge, where forms
being readied to receive the concrete decking of the structure
offer broad, solid expanses such as that pictured above.
The forms, utilizing plywood as a base, are held in place by
heavy wooden crossmembers underneath, much in the fashion of
the floor supports in a frame house. After the concrete decking is
poured and allowed to cure, the wooden crossmembers will be
unbolted from the hangers which hold them and the plywood
base between the steel girders. The crossmembers and plywood
then will be removed, leaving only the concrete and steel of
whiiel the entire bridge is to be constructed.
As December came to an end, the steel superstructure of the
bridge was beginning to take shape above the water of the Canal,
but the eventual shape of the soaring structure still was only
barely indicated by the steel in place. Officials say the upward
swoop of the superstructure probably will begin to take shape
in about 2 months.
(Coltilllini Progress and Sen rice:
( ininitiityv I leadership
It's Brcak\water DutV for Spoil
\cN l' 1 i'' i, t for Railroad
F' I Cmlldidct
litt Yhits, \l's Sonl
B Ittlilur I Blast WJIl
Ulli\nt sa iries
Promiiotio~ns aund TIran~sfers~
\1(~ I lisol-v~lll! ~~
JANUARY 5, 1962
-:%A M -f-
Progress and Servi
In Year Ahead
AS \E ENTER a new year, every member of the
Company/Government organization can look back with
pride to a year during which modernization of the water-
way continued to be a major concern of all, second only
to operation and maintenance of the Canal itself.
We also can reflect with pleasure and appreciation on
the cordiality and friendly interchange between tlhe
people of the United States and those of the Republic
of Panama, as citizens of the two countries continued to
conduct the day-to-day business and social relationships
which have marked life on the Isthmus for more than
half a century.
But as we view these things with rightful pride, we
also will be looking ahead to plans for the coming
year and beyond, as improvements now in progress
increase the capacity of the present waterway to the
The Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Company,
headed by Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, jr., will
be considering these facts as they meet on the Isthmus
January 20 and view the progress of the improvements
now in progress.
Among those improvements are the widening of
Gaillard Cut from 300 to 500 feet, approximately half
completed as the year ended: the first of the new, more
powerful towing locomotives built to replace the aging
machines now in use; houses completed and under con-
struction in the continuing effort to improve housing for
Canal employees living in the Zone; progress on the new
Corgas Hospital building; modifications made at the
locks to permit installation of the new towing locomo-
tives and to reduce lane outage time during overhauls;
the sightseeing launch Las Cruccs, acquired to provide an
adequate means for visitors and sightseers to view the
Canal and its operation; the three new and more powerful
tugs now in service; and the soaring superstructure of
the Thatcher Ferry Bridge now rapidly taking shape.
This year, we should see the Thatcher Ferry Bridge
completed, along with the improved and widened high-
ways which will serve to carry traffic to and across it. We
also should see the final contract awarded for widening
of Gaillard Cut.
Thus, as we complete another year of service to world
shipping, we can reiterate the tribute recently paid to
Federal employees by the U.S. Civil Service Commission
in preparation for observing the 79th anniversary of the
Civil Service Act which President Chester A. Artlur
signed into law on January 16, 1SS3:
"The Federal employee can take satisfaction in
knowing that he is one of a corps that have been picked
for their competence, that continue in employment
because they continue to demonstrate that competence
in their work. He can also take satisfaction in the fact
that Government has developed an up-to-date personnel
system, complete with employee benefits and privileges,
that compares favorably with the practices of progressive
private industry. And he can take pride in serving a
Government that is the leader of the Free World."
All these statements apply to the men and women who
work for the Canal enterprise, who through their efforts
and competence, continue to serve the needs of world
shipping while laboring to keep the waterway abreast
of the needs of global commerce, with its ever-increasing
movements of materials in larger and larger vessels over
the oceans of the world, and through the Panama Canal.
TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
A number of employees
in the Payroll and Machine
Accounting Branch have
positions and pay through
There are many
BETTER JOBS opportunities
THERE IS a constant process of
change and improvement in the wages,
hours, and working conditions of Com-
pany/Government employees through
a continuous process of individual
advancement and periodic general revi-
sions in pay scales and fringe benefits
Ib Congressional action.
The broad, general improvements
provided from time to time by legisla-
tive authority are designed to keep
benefits and privileges of Government
employees similar to those enjoyed by
workers in progressive private industry,
while the advancement of individuals
is designed to properly compensate
employees for the work they do.
Within the framework of the Canal
Zone Merit System there is considerable
opportunity for individuals to earn pro-
motions and or transfers to better, more
': Id desirable positions or
The amount of movement
S. ranks of the Company/
(r more than 14,000 em-
ploy1)1 i ii.:ted by the fact that
approxiI 1,400 promotions and
translers inv pay increases were
processed by the Personnel Bureau
This advancement of individual em-
ployees comes about primarily in two
basic ways under the Canal Zone Merit
System: Promotion of an employee to
a more responsible, better-paying posi-
tion; or reclassification of the position
an employee occupies because addi-
tional duties and/or responsibilities
have been added to it.
There are a number of ways in which
these changes can come into being, but,
in general, promotions usually occur
through the normal process of filling
vacancies created by retirements, resig-
nations, or addition of new positions,
and bv establishment of similar but
more responsible positions through re-
organization of the duties associated
with a given position, often through
realinementof the work being performed
by a given unit.
The recent promotion of Alejandro
Montenegro, 37-year-old Panamanian,
to the position of launch operator in the
Dredging Division is fairly typical
of the processes by which individuals
move up to more responsible, better-
paying positions as the result of addi-
tional skills learned while employed in
Mr. Montenegro first was employed
by the Canal in December 1941 as a
laborer with the Building Division.
During World War II, he worked at
Madden Dam in a variety of positions,
finally settling into a job as palancaman
in 1947. In the years he has spent at
Madden Dam and Lake, he has learned
much about the operation of launches
and in April 1961 was transferred to the
Dredging Division as a seaman. His
long familiarity with launch operation
led to his promotion to launch operator
in November, the position having been
added to provide additional launch
service required by increased dredging
operations in Gaillard Cut.
Although Mr. Montenegro's promo-
tion finally occurred because of the
creation of an additional position,
the reason that he was selected rather
than someone else was the knowledge
of launches which he had acquired
over the years. Much of the respon-
JANUATIV 5, 1962
sibility for earning the promotion was,
Not so well understood as the factors
influencing promotions is, perhaps, the
fact that the individual employee also
has considerable influence on whether
or not the position he occupies even-
tually is reclassified at a higher pay
level. This frequently happens because
an employee handles his originally
assigned workload so efficiently that he
is able to undertake new and additional
responsibilities, thus doing a better job
for the unit employing him and, at the
same time, adding to the duties of
When these additional responsibilities
are recognized officially the position is
evaluated higher than originally. Thus
the employee benefits by being advanced
to the higher grade level for which the
new evaluation calls.
Typical of such a change is that
recently made in the grade level of tele-
type operator positions in the Marine
Bureau. These jobs, which recently
were reevaluated in a job study, were
found to be more difficult than when
the original grade level for them was
established, primarily because of the
value added to them by the resource-
fulness and ability of the incumbents.
Consequently, the positions were re-
classified at a higher grade level and
each of the employees filling the jobs
will, in future, make several hundred
dollars more per year than they have
in the past.
New and improved methods of per-
forming certain tasks constantly are
occurring in the Company/Government
organization as new equipment, mate-
rials, and procedures make it possible
to alter former ways of doing things.
It is this type of change which is
included in the recently announced plan
for better utilization of deckhands who
are employed by the Canal to work
aboard transiting vessels.
The new plan calls for the deckhands
to he aboard the vessels only during
the approach, passage through, and
departure from the locks. Each group
of deckhands will work on several ships
each day instead of staying aboard from
the beginning to the end of the transit.
As a result of the change in operating
methods, deckhands will, in the future,
enjoy a number of benefits which they
did not previously have, including a
40-hour work week, overtime and
holiday pay, and regularly scheduled
Implementation of the plan also will
create nearly 50 new positions in the
Marine Bureau which will require
higher skills than those demanded of
deckhands. These new positions, which
include those of launch operator, launch
seaman, timekeeper, and supervisory
personnel, will be compensated for at a
higher rate of pay. The plan will reduce
the number of deckhands required under
present operational methods, but will
replace part of the lost positions with
these better-paying positions.
Each month's report of promotions
and transfers in the Canal organiza-
tion, reflects the variety of changes
which constantly are being made within
the ranks of Company, Government
employees. The very variety of them is
indicative of the numerous opportuni-
ties afforded employees for advance-
ment and improvement in their indi-
vidual positions, adding to both their
income and skills as they move from
one step to another in the upward climb
to the top in their line of work.
Albert Mootoo, 29-year-old Panama-
nian, is only one of many employees
who watch and prepare for opportuni-
ties which come their way. Mr. Mootoo
had been employed by the Canal organ-
ization for several years and had proved
himself an able and valuable employee
as a clerk in the Supply and Community
Service Bureau, when he saw an oppor-
tunity to move into machine accounting
work in the payroll branch.
Seeking the job, he took an aptitude
test which showed he was ably fitted
for the work. He was offered and
accepted a transfer to the new position,
even though he received no immediate
increase in pay by doing so. \Vithin a
year, however, he had advanced two
grades and had virtually doubled his
Hector E. Taylor,
traffic control clerk
in Balboa Port
Captain's office, is
one of those
a recent position
Still seeking to improve his knowl-
edge and qualifications for more
responsible positions in the future,
Mr. Mootoo has, for the past several
semesters, been taking accounting
courses at the Canal Zone junior College
on his own time. Like many other
employees who use their leisure time
to improve their skills and abilities,
Mr. Mootoo's attendance at Junior Col-
lege is being sponsored by the Company/
Government under the Tuition Refund
Program. Under this program, em-
ployees pursuing approved, job-related
courses of study have their tuition
refunded by the Company/Government
upon successful completion of the
course or courses. Efforts are being
made to have more employees take
advantage of the opportunities offered
by this program.
Many of the employees of the Com-
pany/Government are aided in their
upward climb by apprenticeships and
training of various kinds conducted or
sponsored by the Canal organization.
Employees are kept advised of the
various opportunities offered for such
training from time to time and are
urged to take advantage of them to
improve their skills and thus advance
their own self-interest.
A major indication of the results of
the operation of the Canal Zone Merit
System and the benefits accruing to
employees by application of it and
the Canal Zone wage plan throughout
the organization is the fact that more
than 500 non-U.S.-citizen employees of
the Canal organization now are occupy-
ing U.S. wage base positions, compared
with 141 at the time the Merit System
was instituted in February 1959, less
than 3 years ago.
TIlE PANAMA CANAL REV\'FV
Ellis L. Fawcett
Adrian NM. Bouche, Jr.
RESIDENTS of the Canal Zone live in
a community which is unique and some-
what strange to those accustomed to life
in the United States or other republics
of the Free World. In the Zone, there
are no politics, no home rule, no local
taxes, no private ownership of real pro-
perty-all things which are very much
a part of community life in the States.
The democratic traditions and free-
doms enjoyed for so many years by
residents of the republics from which
Panama Canal Company and Canal
Zone Government workers are recruited
are deep rooted and wholesome,
however, and the Canal organization
is interested in perpetuating these
traditions among Zone residents and
thus creating greater community' har-
mon\, cooperation, and participation.
There are, to be sure, many similari-
ties between the Canal Zone and com-
imioities in the United States, with
many institutions such as churches,
patriotic organizations, and others fuic-
tioningi much as they do in the United
States. There also are stores, homes,
schools, courts, and similar institutions
which arc operated in the Zone.
The essence of free government is for
the people to have a means by which
they can, without violence, direct, alter,
or modify the operation of the tradi-
Arthur WV. Davis
tional republican forms of government.
But the Canal Zone is a special-purpose
area with no local political status, no
legislature other than the U.S. Congress,
and no indigenous population. Its
civilian population consists almost exclu-
sively of employees of the executive
branch of the U.S. Government and
their families. Under these circum-
stances, the employees engaged in the
Panama Canal enterprise have no direct,
local political means of influencing
the governmental operations in their
To overcome this built-in obstacle to
home rule, each Zone community has
an elected Civic Council which provides
an effective channel of communication
between the administration and res-
idents of the Zone, and is a guiding
hand in inaniv community endeavors.
Although those in charge of the
administration of the Canal Zone are
answerable only to higher authority in
the Federal Government and are not
directly answerable to the residents of
the Zone, it is the sincere desire and
objective of the local governing authori-
ties in the Zone to encourage local,
democratic participation in community
life. A major means of achieving this is
through official recognition of and
co,)eration wiith thie Civic Councils.
Arnold S. Hudgins
Elections for delegates to the various
Councils are held by the communities
each year, with part of each group of
Council members being replaced and
others retained to provide a continuity
in service and experience in the member-
ship. It is the responsibility of the indi-
vidual community to establish its own
Council and a constitution and bylaws
for it. Presidents of the nine Civic
Councils in Company Government
townsites are pictured on these pages.
In addition to the various officers of
the Councils, each of them selects rep-
resentatives to serve as delegates to
meetings which are scheduled periodi-
cally with the Governor of the Canal
Zone to discuss matters of interest to
one or more of tie communities. These
meetings often provide a convenient
time and place for the Governor to
seek opinions on proposed plans or to
announce new programs which will
affect Zone residents and be of interest
to them. The meetings also provide an
opportunity for the Council representa-
tives to ask questions or make requests.
A major item of business for the
various Civic Councils have been pro-
posed changes in housing regulations,
including the basis on which housing
is assigned. A few months ago, for
example, Governor Carter sought the
JANUARY 5, 1962
Civic Councils provide Zone
residents with voice in local
affairs and activities.
Henning J. Spilling
Wilfred E. Barrow
E. W. Brandt
Mrs. Doris R. Sanders
advice and opinions of the Civic Coun-
cils before establishing new regulations
In addition to the executive sessions
between the Governor and the desig-
nated Civic Council representatives,
there also are periodic community meet-
ings in the various townsites to provide
residents of the community with an
opportunity to participate directly in
this phase of the Civic Council program.
Questions and requests submitted to
the Governor in these meetings fre-
quently are answered on the spot, but
if further information is needed on
which to base an answer, the Governor
normally refers the matter to the appro-
priate officials of the Company Govern-
ment for study and recommendation.
Supplied with this information and,
perhaps, further informed on the sub-
ject by personal investigation, the Gov-
ernor or a designated representative
addresses an answer to the Civic Coun-
cils concerned, giving them detailed
reasons behind the reply and, usually,
if the answer is negative, suggesting
that the request be renewed if anything
has been overlooked which the Council
believes should have been considered.
Areas of special and particular inter-
est to the Civic Councils of the various
communities are very similar in nature
to those of governing bodies in State-
side communities. Schools, recreation
activities and facilities, traffic, hospital
services, housing needs of residents,
and many other matters involving the
general health and welfare of the
community\ are their primary concern.
Governor Carter has taken a lead
in urging the Civic Councils to become
even more active in the affairs of their
respective communities. He has sug-
gested that the\ should take an interest
in such things as welcoming new res-
idents to the community, scheduling
and otherwise planning recreation activi-
ties, and, in general, in arousing inter-
est in communlitv events of all kinds.
Civic Councils, providing "grass
roots" listening posts as they do, have
influenced hundreds of decisions over
the years, ranging from matters in-
volving housing through such things as
the location of bus stops in Rainbow
City, the establishment of school bus
shelters in Pacific side communities,
studies and occasional changes in traffic
regulations, efforts to provide local
registration of U.S. citizenship for chil-
dren born here, and numerous other
matters, including the hours of opera-
tion of service centers and retail stores.
The principal officers of the nine
Civic Councils in the Zone who have
been named to serve during the current
year are as follows:
Coco Solo: E. \V. Brandt, president:
Mrs. Majel E. Beinheimer, first vice
president; Mrs. Lorraine Currier, second
Mrs. Doris R. Sanders, president;
Mrs. Louise E. Griffon, representative
to Governor's Conference.
Gamboa: Arnold S. Hudgins, pres-
ident; Donald J. Connor, vice president.
Gatun: Henning J. Spilling, pres-
ident; William T. Clute, first vice
Pacific side: Adrian M. Bouche, Jr.,
president; James J. O'Donnell, vice
Paraiso: Ellis L. Fawcett, president;
Eric S. Oakley, vice president; S. D.
Callender, representative to Governor's
Pedro Miguel: Arthur \. Davis.
president; Cleveland Roberts, repre-
sentative to Governor's Conference.
Rainbow City: Wilfred E. Barrow,
president: Seabert Ilaynes, vice pres-
ident; Astor N. Lewis, representative to
Santa Cruz: Kenneth Haughton, pres-
ident; Christopher T. Cox, vice pres-
ident; Louis G. Small, representative
to Governor's Conference.
TIlE PANAMo.A CANAL REVIEWv
Canal tugboat moves through Miraflores
Locks with loaded barge during late
evening lull in ship traffic.
JtJ Breakwater 2puty for Spoil
WHEN STRONG BREEZES come
sweeping from the south and west
across the broad expanses of the Pacific,
waves pile up and come smashing into
the Isthmian shoreline and the Pacific
entrance to the waterway.
'1 lie freshly nwl:-ir' )spil for thie bliakwater extension, dumped at high tide, rises just
above the' i Lillng low tide. It later will be raised to level of that in foreground.
The waves, although only occasional,
create a problem at the pier on Naos
Island where Canal pilot launches are
cocked. The breakwater which partially
guards the pier area from the waves
does not provide complete protection
and at times the launches docked there
have been battered rather severely. It
even has been necessary to remove the
launches to a calmer spot at times.
Now all this is being changed. Tons
and tons of stone from the Cut-widening
project now are being hauled to the site
and dumped to extend the Naos break-
water an additional 300 feet in a curving
loop, which, it is believed, will provide
much better protection for the pier area.
Scows loaded with suitable rock spoil
from the Cut-widening work are moved
south through Pedro Miguel and Mira-
flores Locks late at night to avoid any
interference with ship traffic, then are
towed to the breakwater for dumping at
After the scows have dumped the
base for the breakwater extension, more
spoil will be piled atop it to raise the
extension to the level of the existing
breakwater, thus completing the task
and providing an encircling arm of stone
on which the waves can \vent their force.
leaving the pier and the launches docked
there virtually undisturbed.
S JANUAnY 5, 1962
4,iy --_- -i
One of 15 new boxcars purchased by Panama Railroad is unloaded.
First locomotives bought
in decade to be
delivered this year
NEW EQUIPMENT is the order of the
day for the Panama Railroad, the West-
ern Hemisphere's oldest transcontinental
During recent weeks, the railroad
has put 15 new, all-steel boxcars into
service, received a new mobile machine
for use in track maintenance work, and
ordered the first new locomotives to be
purchased by the railroad in a decade.
The new, 50-ton boxcars, purchased
to replace obsolete equipment, were
built in Mexico by Construetora Nacio-
nal de Carros de Ferroearril and shipped
to the Isthmus aboard the Cristobal.
The last of the 15 cars arrived on the
Isthmus just before Christmas and
already has been put into service.
The new mobile maintenance ma-
chine, known as a Kershaw ballast
regulator, is designed to eliminate the
hand spreading of ballast on the road-
bed and right-of-way and also can be
used to reshape the banks along each
side of the right-of-way. Equipped with
extensions on each side which can
scarify and reshape the banks alongside
the track, the first job of the new device
was to perform such work along the
track from the Miraflores Tunnel to
The new locomotives ordered by the
railroad are 1,200-horsepower, diesel-
electric engines for use in switching
operations. They will replace five
20-year-old, 1,000-horsepower engines
now being used in switching work.
A contract for the new engines,
which will cost $412,000, recently was
awarded to General Motors Overseas
Operations. They are to be delivered to
the Isthmus in July of this year. The
new engines will be approximately
45 feet in length, will have the engi-
neer's cab in the rear, and will be
more economical to maintain than the
engines now in use. They are of a
standard type used in the United States.
The last locomotives acquired by the
Panama Railroad \were bought in 1951.
They were three 1,600-horsepower
diesel-electric engines designed for both
road and switching duty. Still in use as
passenger train engines on the Isthmian
line, the 1951 locomotives were built by
American Locomotive Co. of New York.
Railroad's new ballast regulator was put to work searifying and reshaping sides of right-of-way.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
FOR CENTURIES, the Isthmian crossing has
attracted visitors from throughout the world. It con-
tinued to exert its magnetic attraction last month, as
the annual influx of tourists and other travelers started.
High on the list of those visiting the Zone in the
pre-holiday period were Francis Cardinal Spellman,
Military Vicar for the Catholic personnel of the
Armed Forces of the United States and Archibishop
of New York, and Congressman and Mrs. George E.
Shipley of Illinois.
Cardinal Spellman included a visit to military
patients at Corgas Hospital in his busy -dlay schedule
of activities in the Zone and the Republic of Panama.
Accompanied by Canal Zone Governor Carter, the
Prince of the Catholic Church demonstrated the
amiability and kindly understanding for which he
has become known throughout the U.S. Armed
Forces, as he and other members of the party visited
patients in both the medical and surgical wards of
the hospital, with Cardinal Spellman stopping to
chat briefly with each of 29 military patients.
Congressman and Mrs. Shipley, who arrived on
the Isthmus December 9 for a 1-week stay, were
conducted on an extensive tour of Canal installations
by Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber. Near the end of their
stay, the Congressman and his wife accompanied
Lieutenant Governor and Mrs. Leber to the annual
Agricultural, Industrial, and Livestock Fair at
Penonome, Republic of Panama.
The Lieutenant Governor attended the opening of
the fair as the official representative of Governor
Carter, who was unable to attend because of
Francis Cardinal Spellman, Governor Carter, Col. Edward Siger-
toos, and Miss Beatrice 11. Simonis during tour of Gorgas Hospital.
Lieutenant Governor Leber looks on as Congressman Shipley Mrs. Shipley is greeted by Panama President Roberto F. Chiari at Penonome,
signs visitors register at La Boca model and briefing room. as U.S. Ambassador to Panama Joseph S. Farland and other visitors look on.
10 JANUARY 5, 1962
Edward Michaelis, one of 4 members of locks security force who serve as
ARRIVAL of the Isthmian dry season,
which coincides with the tourist season
of January through March, is the
signal for a resumption of many activi-
ties which are curtailed or, at least,
dampened during the 8 or 9 months of
While snow blankets the northern
regions, forcing most athletic types to
move inside for such spectator sports as
basketball, Isthmians are preparing to
move outside for the start of the pro-
fessional baseball season-and dozens of
other outdoor pursuits from planting
dry season farm crops to family picnics.
And as many Stateside fishermen
huddle beside a small hole cut through
the inches-thick ice of a lake, their
Isthmian counterparts break out their
fishing gear to match wits with the
finned ones under the searing rays of
a tropical sun.
Isthmian youngsters look forward to
the sunny, rainless days which normally
start in December and run through April
so they can indulge in the worldwide
childhlod sport of sliding downhill. But,
whereas in the north this sport utilizes
snow and steel-runnered sleds, its
Isthmian cousin substitutes the slippery
dead grass of a handy slope for the snow
of the northland and a fallen palm frond
in place of the sled.
Stargazing, too, is a favorite dry
season activity on the Isthmus, the
virtually moisture-free atmosphere pro-
viding a clear view of the stellar bodies,
which generally are obscured during
the rainy season.
To accommodate those interested in
the planets, constellations, and other
wonders of space, the Miraflores Obser-
vatory will open for its annual dry
season schedule of two evenings per
week, starting this month. Each evening
will include a brief lecture and a chance
for visitors to view the skies through the
Arrival of dry season and the activi-
ties which are peculiarly a part of it
does not, however, signal the end of
rainy season activities, of which there
are many on the Isthmus, a number of
them sponsored by the Company
Among the year-round activities
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
bilinlgual tour guides, explains lock operation to visiting couple.
Observatory is a
during dry season.
'mm,, *r.I] m,' t (,i,* -I ** I, i. .. -ic r i'*i .o -~.iI,., L. to '
organized, sponsored, or otherwise ac-
tively carried on through the Company
Govemment and its units, arc visits to
the locks which lift and lower ships on
their transits, cruises through Gaillard
Cut aboard the sightseeing launch
Las Cruces, visits to Summit Gardens
and Contractors Hill, and, of course,
the transcontinental operations of the
Some of these activities can be
indulged on most any day and at anyv
time, while others require special
advance arrangements or planning, some
being available on only certain days or
during only certain hours of the day.
Whatever your interests in the Zone,
however, one or more of these activities
can supply you and your famady with
entertainment and enjoyment.
Visits to the locks are one of the
favorite activities of young and old
alike, even among those who have been
residents of the Canal Zone for many
years and have visited the locks many
times. As they will tell you, there is
something endlessly fascinating about
seeing huge ships quietly and effort-
lessly lifted or lowered from one level
Visiting hours for the general public
at Miraflores and Catun Locks are from
9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, for either groups
if several persons or a single individual
making a casual visit. Bilingual tour
guides from the locks security forces
ate on duty during these hours at both
sets of locks to explain the operation of
the locks and give some of the history
io the construction of the Isthinian
Trips aboard Las Cruces, the 64-foot
sightseeing launch recently acquired by
the Canal, can be made through a
number of arrangements. The vessel is
available for use of all officially recog-
nized employee groups and organiza-
tions in the Canal Zone and the Republic
of Panama, including tourist agencies,
and may be used for day or nighttime
trips, alny day of the week.
The basic trip aboard Las Cruces
is between Pedro Miguel Locks and
Calnboa, a distance of about 9 miles,
which embraces all of Caillard Cut, the
immense ditch which was cut through
the Continental Divide to create a major
portion of the waterway, and which
now is being widened from 300 to
500 feet to provide for faster, safer
transits by vessels using the Canal.
Charges for use of the launch vary,
depending on the nature of the group
or organization desiring to hire it. Com-
plete information and applications for
groups or organizations desiring to hire
the launch may le obtained through the
Administrative Branch at Balboa 2-3192.
In addition to use of the launch 1b
groups or organizations, the Canal
organization is, at present, with the
cooperation of tourist agencies in
Panama. offering once-a-week tours
utilizing both the railroad and launch.
These trips, available to any indi-
vidual at nominal cost, combine
iound-trip rail transportation from the
terminal cities of Balboa and Cristobal to
From the picnic grounds atop Contractors Hill
Camlon with a 2-hour cruise through
Gaillard Cut on the Las Cruces. A quali-
hed tour guide is furnished for the
launch portion of the tour. Details about
an watch ships passing through the Canal below.
Shaded walks and wide variety of tropic Ji
plants are special attractions for visit.
to Summit Gardens.
these tours, now being operated each
Saturday morning, can be obtained from
Panama Railroad ticket offices or any
of the established tourist agencies in
the Republic of Panama.
At Summit Gardens and high atop
Contractors Hill on the w-est bank of
the Canal at the Continental Divide,
special picnic grounds have been pro-
vided for those who enjoy such outings.
The Contractors Hill area, while pro-
viding a spectacular view of the Canal
at this deepest point of excavation for
the waterway, is rustic in nature, with
only picnic shelters and tables provided.
The Summit Gardens areas set aside
for picnicking are shaded by the vast
assortment of tropical trees and other
plants gathered from throughout the
world and brought here for experimental
grow th and study of their development
in the local environment,
The Gardens, located along Gaillard
fHighway a few miles south of Ganboa,
are open to sightseers and picnickers
daily during most of the daylight hours,
during both the rainy and dry seasons.
Tours of school children from both
the Republic of Panama and the Canal
Zone normally are scheduled Mondays
through Fridays and require suffi-
cient adult supervision by the person
requesting arrangements for the tour.
Groups desiring to use the Gardens
for picnics are required to apply to the
Chief of the Community Services Divi-
sion, Drawer S, Balboa Heights, in
writing, at least 7 working days in
advance of the date for which reserva-
tion is desired. Such groups must show
certification that they are a Canal Zone
organization and must supply an esti-
mate of the number of persons expected
to attend the outing.
Small family groups also may use the
picnic areas at the Gardens, on a less
formal basis. A responsible member of
the group must register at the Gardens
office, which then will assign the group
an area on a space-available, first-come.
fist-served, basis. Such small groups
also may make advance reservations if
they so desire by either calling or
visiting the Gardens office.
These activities are, of course, onl\
those actively sponsored by the Canal
organization. lany others are available
in the Zone and tile Republic for those
inclined to pursue them, including
fishing in both fresh and salt water,
swimming, skin-diving, shell-fishing, and
a myriad of other activities ranging from
visits to Barro Colorado by arrange-
ment with Smithsonian Institution at
Balboa 2485 to netting butterflys. So. on
those dreary dayis when Vou lament that
yoou "don't have alm thing to do," look
around; may be you can find something
that will interest and intrigue not only
you but the whole family for a day.
a week. a month, or even a lifetime.
Many others have.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13
JANVARY 5, 1962
Mr. and Mrs. Oscar G. Agueda and children with Governor Carter.
A PROUD and happy family was on hand in the
office of Canal Zone Gov. W. A. Carter early last
month as Oscar C. Agueda, 45-year-old Panamanian
seaman employed by the Dredging Division, received
an award for bravery from the Governor.
The award, accompanied by a check for $300, was
presented to Mr. Agueda in recognition of courageous
action which is credited with saving the life of Jos6
Achundia, a fellow employee who had fallen between
a ship and the floating crane Hercules.
Mr. Achundia was in danger of drowning or being
crushed between the two vessels as they swung
together because of wave action, when Mr. Agueda
lowered himself to the waterline guardrail of the
Ifercules and grabbed the injured employee's shirt
collar just as he started to sink below the surface
of the water.
The injured man suffered multiple contusions of
the head, arms, and legs in the fall, but Mr. Agueda
was not injured and managed to get his fellow
employee back to safety aboard the Hercules.
First employed by the Canal in 1942, when he
was 26 years of age, Mr. Agueda has worked as a
seaman during most of his years with the Canal enter-
prise, spending most of his time on the Hercules.
Members of his family who accompanied him to
the Governor's office and heard the personal con-
gratulatons extended to Mr. Agueda included his
wife, daughter, and two sons.
JOHN 13. FIELDS of the Canal Zone
Housing and Maintenance Office will
retire from Company Government serv-
ice next September, but already is well
underway on a new career. He has
been ordained to the Sacred Order of
Deacons in the Cathedral of St. Luke
and will leave next August to attend
the Seminario Episcopal del Caribe in
Puerto Rico for 1 year, after which lhe
will le ready for assignment as priest of
this Missionary District, which includes
Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador.
Mr. Fields, who was born in Gates-
ville, Tex., came to the Canal Zone with
his parents in 1906. His father, John B.
Fields, was Construction Quartermaster
in the Canal construction days and,
incidentally, was the first Master of the
first Masonic Lodge in the Canal Zone.
He also was a charter member of all
the York Rite bodies of Masons here.
The family's first home was at Las
Cascadas, and then they moved to
Corozal, in the area now occupied by
the townsite of Los Rios. Open ditches
were outside the houses, covered by
boards for crossing-over purposes. Young
John traveled to school in Balboa in a
mule-drawn brake, a 21/-hour journey
for the 7 miles because the road fiom
Corozal to Balboa at that time went
along the present Curund a back road
and through Panama. Todav's road, at
that time, was swampland. Grocery
orders came in by train from Mount
Hope and drinking water was delivered
in gallon jugs from the train station
to the homes.
Ile was a member of the first graduat-
ing class at Cristobal High School, the
family having moved to the Atlantic
side after the Canal was opened to
traffic. In 1924, he was graduated from
the University of Texas, in Austin, with
a degree in mechanical engineering
-and ever since then has worked in
Mr. Fields' first employment in the
Canal Zone was in 1917, while a student
at Balboa High School. He left the Zone
in 1920 and did not return until 1939,
after being with the Texas State High-
way Department and Texas Highway
Patrol for a number of years.
His wife is a medical technologist at
Gorgas Hospital Laboratory. They have
two daughters, Jo-Anne, a sophomore
at Ripon College, Wis., where she is
majoring in mathematics and physics,
and Janet, a sophomore at Balboa High
School, whose ambition is to be a
physical therapist. She's made a good
start, as a Pink Girl at Gorgas Hospital
during school vacation.
Mr. Fields, like his father, has been
extremely active in the Masonic organ-
ization. He speaks Spanish, and is look-
ing forward to the experience of his
forthcoming vear's schooling in Puerto
Rico. Mrs. Fields will remain on the
Isthmus and will continue in her
position until Mr. Fields receives his
assignment as a priest.
JANUARY 5, 1962
REGULATIONS governing the con-
duct of employees of the Panama Canal
Company and Canal Zone Government
recently have been revised and reissued.
Complete copies of the regulations noto
are being prepared in both English and
Spanish and will be distributed to each
employee this month.
General Policy. The maintenance of high moral and ethical standards is
essential to efficiency in the conduct of Company/Government business and
to assuring confidence of the public in the Government of the United States.
By the nature of its primary mission involving a public service to the commerce
of all nations, and by virtue of the multitudinous functions and activities in
the field of public and international relations necessary for the performance
of that mission, the integrity of operations of the Panama Canal Company/
Canal Zone Government must be above reproach. To accomplish this objective,
all employees, wherever stationed, are expected and required to maintain
moral and ethical standards in their personal conduct that will in no way
reflect discredit on the U.S. Government or the Company/Government
Conflict of Interest. A conflict of
interest situation is one in which an
employee's private interest, usually of
an economic nature, conflicts or raises
a reasonable question of conflict with
his public duties and responsibilities.
Following are specific examples of
unlawful acts by a Government officer
or employee under these laws:
To receive, or agree to receive, anyv
money or thing of value for giving
to or procuring for any person any
contract from the United States.
To receive, or agree to receive, any
compensation for any services ren-
dered before any department, agency,
or officer of the United States in rela-
tion to any proceeding, contract,
claim, or other matter in which the
United States is interested;
To prosecute, or aid in the prose-
cution of, any claim against the
United States other than in the proper
discharge of his official duties;
To act for the United States in the
transaction of business with any firm,
corporation, or other business entity
of which he is an officer or member
or in which he has a pecuniary
To receive any salary in connec-
tion with his services from any source
other than the Government of the
Dual Employment. U.S. citizen em-
ployees and employees in U.S. wage
base positions desiring to apply for per-
mission to engage in outside emplov-
ment or other business activities on the
Isthmus, must submit Form 222 to the
Executive Secretary through the head
of their bureau, division, or inde-
pendent unit. Other employees must
request such permission from the head
of their bureau, division, or indepen-
dent unit, who will either act on the
request, or, in cases involving policy or
other question, refer it to the Executive
Secretary for consideration.
Membership in Organizations. Em-
ployees may join or refrain from joining
employee organizations or associations,
without interference, coercion, restraint,
or fear of discrimination or reprisal,
with the following exceptions:
They' mavy not have membership in
organizations or associations which
directly, or by affiliation with other
organizations or associations, impose
upon them an obligation or duty to
engage in, or assist in, any strike
against the United States;
They shall not have membership
in any political party or organization
which advocates the overthrow of the
constitutional form of the government
of the United States.
Participation in Political Activities.
Generally, U.S.-citizen employees are
Using official authority or influence
for the purpose of interfering with
an election or affecting its results;
Taking an active part in political
TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15
Principal parts of the regulations are
presented on this page and the next.
Disciplinary action for violation of the
regulations can range from a reprimand
to a discharge for the employee
involved. Clarification or further infor-
mation about the regulations can be
obtained at the office of the Personnel
Director, Balboa Ieights.
management or in politicalcampaigns;
Soliciting or receiving any assess-
ment or contribution for any political
purpose from another employee or
Serving as officers or organizers of,
or presiding over political meetings;
Making partisan political display
(badges, buttons, etc.) while on duty
conducting official business.
The following additional policies
are prescribed respecting participa-
tion by employees in Panamanian
Employees residing in the Canal
Zone who are not Panamanian citi-
zens shall not engage in any form of
Panamanian political activity.
Employees residing in the Canal
Zone who are Panamanian citizens
may exercise political rights guaran-
teed to them by Panamanian law.
They may affiliate themselves with
the political party of their choice,
attend political meetings, and be free
to vote in all elections. These privi-
leges may be exercised subject to the
No employee shall engage in Pan-
amanian political activity in or from
within the Canal Zone, or during
duty hours, and employees shall not
use their jobs or positions with the
Company Covernment in the ad-
vancement of Panamanian political
Employee associations, organiza-
tions, labor unions, and other em-
ployee groups, organized and existing
in the Canal Zone, shall not engage
in Panamanian political activity.
Any employee who may be elected
to political office in the Republic of
Panama will be required to terminate
his employment with the Company/
Solicitation for and Acceptance of
Gifts. Employees shall not solicit or
accept, directly or indirectly, anything
of economic value as a gift, gratuity, or
favor, which is, or may appear to be,
designed to in any manner influence
official conduct. No gift shall be
accepted whenever the officer or em-
ployee has any reason to believe that it
would not have been made except
for his official position or that the
donor's private interests are likely to be
affected by his actions or actions of the
Gifts to Superiors. Employees are
forbidden by law from soliciting con-
tributions from other employees for a
any official superior and from
i gift to any official superior.
O." 1 '. are forbidden by law
to ei.,: a gift from employees
receiinx :i salary than themselves.
Awards r Foreign Governments.
Employees are prohibited from accept-
ing any present, decoration, or award
conferred or presented by any' foreign
government without the consent of
Congress. Employees who receive infor-
mation that they are to be tendered such
gifts, decorations, or awards must report
to the office of the Executive Secretary
to receive instructions as to applicable
laws and regulations.
Use of Official Information. Em-
ployees shall not disclose official infor-
mation without appropriate authority
and shall not use, or permit others to
use, for the purpose of furthering a
private interest, any estimate, informa-
tion, promise, or agreement covering
any work, contract, sale or business, or
other transaction in which the U.S.
Government, the Canal Zone Govern-
ment, or the Panama Canal Company is
or may possibly become interested.
Permission to Publish Articles. Em-
ployees shall obtain clearance from the
office of the Governor before releasing
for publication articles pertaining to
Government activities in the Canal
Use of Property. Employees shall not
use Company/Covernment property of
anll\ kind for other than official purposes.
They also have a positive responsibility
to protect and conserve all Company/
Government property, including equip-
ment and supplies entrusted to
Payment of Debts. Employees are
expected and required to pay their just
debts and meet their proper financial
obligations. Failure to meet such
obligations, or any action or omission
which causes continued annoyance and
trouble, constitutes unsatisfactory con-
duct. The foregoing includes payment
of Federal, State, and local taxes in
accordance with the laws of the juris-
diction to whose taxing power he may
Loans From Subordinates. No em-
ployee shall borrow money from another
employee over whom he exercises
supervision, control, or authority.
Courtesy; Profane and Abusive Lan-
guage. It is the duty of every employee
to exercise consideration, self-control,
tact, and courtesy in all dealings with
tile public and fellow employees. The
use of profane and abusive language
either by those in authority addressing
subordinates, by employees serving cus-
tomers, or b\y employee-customers
addressing other employees who are in
performance of their duties, is forbidden.
Nondiscrimination. No employee exer-
cising Company Government authority
shall discriminate against, or give undue
preference to, any other employee with
regard to appointments, promotion,
awards, training, or any other personnel
action, b\ reason of race, color, creed,
sex, marital status, physical handicap,
national origin, or political belief,
except as may be specified by law or
regulation issued pursuant thereto.
Conduct in Quarters. Employees and
other occupants of Company/Covern-
ment quarters shall conduct themselves
in such a manner as to avoid repeated
justified complaints from their neighbors.
Lotteries. Any person within the
Canal Zone who shall vend, sell, barter,
or dispose of any lottery ticket; or be
concerned in any wvise in any lottery or
scheme of chance by acting as owner
or agent in the Canal Zone for or on
behalf of any lottery or scheme of
chance to be drawn, paid or carried on,
either outside of or within the Canal
Zone, shall be punished for the first
offense by a fine of not more than
$1,000, or by imprisonment in jail for
not more than 1 year, or both, in the
discretion of the court, and for the
second or a subsequent offense by both
fine and imprisonment.
In addition to any\ fine or imprison-
ment, an employee of the Panama Canal
Company or Canal Zone Government
found guilty of violating the lottery laws
will be dismissed from the service with
general objections to reemployment by
the Company/ Government.
Use of Purchase Authority Cards.
Purchase authority cards shall be used
only by the person to whom they are
issued or by wholly dependent and
legal members of his immediate family
actually residing with him.
Prohibition Against Misuse. Author-
ized holders of purchase authority cards
shall take all necessary precautions to
insure that the cards are not used in
violation of these regulations. This pro-
hibits assisting an\ other person in an\'
manner in violating the letter or intent
of these regulations. The sale, loan or
other transfer of purchase authority
cards is expressly prohibited. So-called
"commonlaw wives" are not entitled to
use these cards.
Display of Purchase Authority Cards;
Surrender in Certain Cases. Purchase
authority cards shall be shown upon
making purchases of goods or services,
or when specifically requested by any
manager, cashier, or clerk of Company/
Government sales or service establish-
ment where the purchase is being made;
Canal Zone Contraband Control In-
spector; or member of the Canal Zone
The personnel listed above may
examine any purchase authority card
and, in the exercise of their discretion,
retain any card issued by the Company
Government. Cards which are retained
shall be forwarded promptly to the
(See p. 19)
16 JANUARY 5, 1962
1 Worth nowing
FILMING of a 30-minute informa-
tional and educational film about the
Panama Canal is starting this month.
Six representatives of Bay State Film
Productions, Inc., were to arrive on the
Isthmus January 2 to start production
work on the film, which is being made
for the Panama Canal Company.
For thle next several weeks, camera-
men of the Springfield, Mass., film
company will be shooting footage
throughout the Zone. The representa-
tives of tie firm scheduled to arrive
January 2 are Morton H. Read, pres-
ident of the corporation; Edward R.
Knowlton, who wrote the script for the
film; Harold M. Fischer and A. Herbert
Wells, cameramen; Mrs. Read and
REGULATIONS governing payment
for home leave travel recently have been
revised to incorporate a recent ruling
by the Comptroller General of tile
United States relating to the amount
of time which must be spent in tile
country, territory, or possession in which
the place of actual residence is located.
The new regulations affecting Canal
employees require that if leave is taken
at a location other than the country,
territory, or possession in which the
actual residence is located, the travel
voucher must show the period of time
spent in any other place or places
visited. To qualify for allowable travel
and transportation expenses, the em-
ployee must spend at least one-fourth
of the period of home leave in the coun-
try, territory, or possession in which
the actual place of residence is located.
Time spent in uninterrupted travel by
the authorized route and mode is
not counted as part of the required
THE FIRST distribution of funds from
the 1961 United Fund drive is to be
made this month to the 20 participating
agencies, officials of tle voluntary fund
drive have announced.
More than $140,000 was collected in
A rm y..................................
N avy .... .......... ........... ..........
Air Force. ..............................
Panama Canal Company/Canal Zone Governmi
Other Government agencies ...............
A activities ...........................
,- 4 W
Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber greeted a group of students from the Agricultural and Industrial
School at Divisa when they visited the rotunda of the Administration Building at Balboa
Ileights last month during a tour of the Canal Zone as guests of the Company/Government.
Lieutenant Governor Leber. speaking in Spanish, welcomed the students to the Zone, and
Bill O'Sullivan, official translator of the Canal organization, explained the murals in the
rotunda which depict construction of the Isthmian waterway. During their stay in the
Zone, the students also visited Summit Gardens and Miraflores Locks. Professor Jose A.
Vasquez was the leader of the visiting group.
the fund drive, which ended Decem-
ber 2. This was more than ever collected
and pledged in any previous drive.
Tile funds to be received by tile
20 participating agencies during 1962,
with only one exception, will be the
Goal of goal
$24,125 100 plus
4,000 100 plus
5,000 88 plus
71.700 95 plus
same as the individual goals established
for them by tile committee which
reviewed requests and established the
goal of tile 1961 fund drive. The lone
exception is United Seaman's Service.
which will receive $63.50 instead of
the $60 budgeted for it, because of
individual donors' requests that their
contributions be credited to that agency.
As the 1961 fund campaign ended,
Governor Carter, wlho serves as Pres-
ident of the Canal Zone United Fund,
expressed his personal appreciation to
all volunteers who worked on the drive
and to the thousands of contributors
wlho have nade it possible for the par-
ticipating agencies to continue their
programs during the coming year.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
My DEAn SON:
This is a big day for you. It's been a
long wait, but now you've passed the
test. Now you are a licensed driver.
According to the officer who tested
you, you are "pretty sharp." Your
written test proved that you've made a
careful study of the traffic regulations
and have absorbed a lot of knowledge
about safe driving.
But will you always be willing to
apply that knowledge?
You admire speed. W'e realize that
yon have been born into an age in which
speed is considered important. Millions
of dollars have been spent on freeways
and big highways, so we can get places
faster. Designers of automobiles have
done a great deal to make automobiles
safer. But excessive speed cannot be
made safe. It ranks with many diseases
as a destroyer of lives. It is more ruthless
than war. It leaves hopeless invalids and
broken hearts in its wake. It wipes out
entire families. And it has a scornful
disregard of who was at fault.
You've never been a coward, my son,
but I hope you have a healthy fear of
speed. You've never harbored hatred in
your heart, but I hope you hate the type
of person for whom speed is a god.
Are you ready to be a driver?
There will be times when you will
ben called "chicken" for not "dragging;"
or for not pushing your foot clear to the
floor, just to see how fast she will go.
If you have any manhood in you, these
childish dares will be easy to squelch.
Refusal to follow the crowd under such
circumstances is a testimony to your
matui itv, your adulthood.
"' .. lives will be entrusted to your
care: \Whn you take a girl on a date,
wlii \yo take younger children to
school, ihe you drive friends to foot-
ball ganes. I will be up to you to prove
wliat kind of person you really are and
a major test will be the care von use for
the benefit of others.
As a small boy, you learned to be
considerate of others. Being a good
driver is, to a large extent, a matter of
being considerate. No book on traffic
has vet been written that does not
embrace the words of the Golden Rule:
"Whatsoever ye would that men should
do to you, do ye even so to them."
People with little minds, people wiho
think it is cute to break a law, people
who have an artificial sense of bravery
because they aren't afraid of "cops,"
have no business behind the wheel of
a car. They feel that the law does
not apply to them. Their personalities
usually are warped by self-conceit.
arrogance, selfishness, and cowardice.
If the horsepower of an engine gives
you a false feeling of strength and
power, you are not ready to drive. Brain-
power is more important than horse-
power, and always will be. Your car
can be a means of transportation,
or it can become a deadly weapon. It
depends on you.
You and I were together one day
when an officer slowed us to a stop
because of an accident on the road
ahead. "Try not to look as you go by,"
he said. "It even turned my stomach."
You saw what he meant. Your face
mirrored shock. You were sickened by
the sight of what had been a handsome
car, an equally handsome man. All that
was left had to be hauled away-the
shattered body to a mortuary, the
smashed car to a junkyard.
You understood when we told you
that you had to wait for a driver's
license until you had earned and saved
the money to pay the extra cost of
insurance for a "male driver, under 25."
You are 17; other boys have driven
since they were 16. We are glad that
you understood our viewpoint. You
accepted responsibility as well as the
pleasure of driving. We love you too
much to turn you loose, unprepared, in
today's world of wheels. Decency and
competence are respected and demanded
of every driver, regardless of age. You
are no exception.
We, as your parents, have faith in
you, Son. \We know you would not will-
ingly hurt anyone. But remember, please
remember, that one careless moment in
'61 -60 '61 '60 '61 '60
ALL UNITS 239 221 15 15 284 531
YEAR TO DATE 3288(397) 2659 126(4) 131 12888(58)15029
( ) Locks O)erhniul injillries Included in rotnl.
18 JANUARY 5, 1962
your driving niiglt mean crippling
injuries or death for someone.
And for my sake, don't let anything
happen to you, either. Think of others
wx hen you drive, and look out for them.
Not all of them care; not all of then
have the right to drive; not all of them
have the sense and sensitivity required
to appreciate or care about the damage
they can do. Don't let them hurt you.
Be ready to stop. Be ready to get
out of their way. Anticipate disaster
and avoid it.
When you step into a car, you no
longer are a bov, vou are an adult \with
adult responsibilities. You have been
granted a man's privilege; be a man in
the way you use it.
Mav God bring vou safely home,
always, my son.
Your loving FATHER.
(Continued frcm p. 16)
Executive Secretarx with report of the
Loss of Purchase Authority Cards.
Holders of purchase authority cards
shall, in accordance with instruction on
the card or other published instructions
on the subject, promptly report the loss
or theft of their card.
Use of Goods or Services Obtained
with Purchase Authority Cards. Goods
(except gasoline-see below) or services
obtained through the use of purchase
authority cards are for the personal use
of the person for whom the privilege is
authorized and or the wholly depen-
dent and legal members of his imme-
diate family actually residing with him.
("Personal use" is construed to include
the normal use of goods or services by
one's own servants or bona fide guests.)
Gasoline Purchases. Gasoline pur-
chased in Panama Canal Company
stations shall be used only in the vehicle
into which the gasoline is dispensed.
Such vehicles shall be operated only
by persons having purchase authority.
unless the vehicle is occupied by tlhe
owner or one of his dependents. Private
vehicles operated with gasoline pur-
chased in Canal Zone stations may not
he used for commercial purposes.
Excessive Purchases. Purchase of
quantities of any goods in excess of
normal needs or in excess of established
"maximum-sale quantities" is prohibited.
Canal Zone Retail Stores. Entrance
into Panama Canal Company retail
stores is restricted by law to pers:;ns
having authority to purchase therein.
Credit Information. Information for
credit purposes regarding an employee's
status, including information as to posi-
tion, salary, and length of service, wi!l
not be furnished to third persons except
pursuant to written authorization signed
by the employee concerned.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19
cut wall into 18-ton slabs for removal from station.
A BLAST WALL
THE GREAT WALL of China mayx
have been far bigger in many ways, but
Canal engineers doubt that it was any
stronger or otherwise more solid than
a reinforced concrete "blast wall" now\
being removed from the Miraflores
The "great wall" of Miraflores is
8 feet thick. 24 feet high. and 76 feet
long. It was built at the beginning of
World War II to protect the three
diesel-electric generators housed at
Miraflores from bomb splinters.
Officials of the Maintenance Division,
faced with the task of removing the wall
to make room for twvo new I0,000-kilo-
watt gas turbogenerators, considered a
number of ways in which the wall could(
be demolished without tearing down
the whole power station building, but
finally settled on pneumatic drills.
Workmen now are cutting the "great
wall" into huge slabs of solid concrete,
each 4 feet wide, 8 feet thick, and
8 feet high. Sliced from the wall by use
of pneumatic drills, pried loose with
rock jacks, then lifted out with hoisting
equipment, each of the blocks weighs
approximately 18 tons.
\ork on the wall was started in
November and the Maintenance Divi-
sion reports it will take a work force of
10 men. working 8 hours a day, until
the end of February to completely
demolish the massive \wall.
The use of pneumatic drills was
decided on after several other possible
methods were rejected, including the
possibility of controlled blasting. Pain-
staking and time-consuming as it is, the
method being used is considered to be
the least expensive and dangerous. Con-
trolled blasting was rejected because of
the possibility of damage to the diesel
electric generator and other equipment
still housed in the power station on an
emergency, standby basis.
One of the two new gas turbo-
generators will be delivered in the Canal
Zone about September of this year. First
of their kind to be purchased by the
Canal, the two new units will increase
the polwer-generating potential in the
Zone by approximately one-third.
(On the basis of total Federal Service)
Engineering Survey Aid
Floating Plant Water Tender
Wilbur C. Dunseombe
Roy C. Stockham
Chief, Locks Division
George K. Hudgins
Ernest S. Glasgow
Leonard V. MeLeod
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Ueaston A. Barclay
Eustace S. Lewis
Julio C. Montes
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Rafael L. Medriek
Juan A. Cazorla
Jack E. Smith
Dressing loorn Attendant
Lester S. Chase
Felipe K. Ben, Jr.
Harris A. Hinds
Jos6 A. Ortega
Floating Plant Oiler
IHerman G. Myles
Juan F. lHunt
George I). Beckles
Ge(.ore W. Lambert
I e v"I aborer
ictcr Mt \irquez
Albert S. Clarke
Merries R. Panther
Formula Boom Attendant
Gaspar C. Loredo
lenry W'. Francisco
Estel A. Burke
Medical Radiology Technician
Heavy Pest-Cont Laborer
INTERN SE UR Y
Blanche A. Melntire
Personnel Security ) ci list
MARINE B REA Y
Roland C CCasauVna
Jerome B. II ward
Joseph C. Gagnon
Lock Operator Engineman
Helper Lock Operator
Rowan II. Bailey
Leck Operator Machinist
John R. McGlade
Lock Operator Machinist
Helper Lock Operator
Daniel P&rez, Jr.
Helper Lock Operator
Jorge A. Coto
B. N. Marroquin
Helper Lock Operator
Jorge E. Pacheco
Felipe A. Villalta
Floating Plant Oiler
George E. Mitchell
Lock Operator Machinist
Daniel B. Rambo
Lock Operator Iron
OFFICE OF TIHE
Cecile L. Demers
Qualifications Rating Clerk
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
James L hSjrley
T nis Alfonso
Scrap Materialn S er
InI F. Facey j |
SRetail Store S es hecker
A\ stacio Rios
Ihid.i Barnes R i
F S e Sales Checker
Winston II. Haughton
Walford L. Archer
Lester A. James
Stock Control Clerk
Milk Cooling Machine
Gladvs A. Francis
Pearl M. Raymond
Retail Store Sales Checker
Anita C. Alexander
Jos6 L. Diaz
George A. Jaekman
Raymond A. Weeks
Food Service Sales Checker
Flame Scrap Cutter
Helen E. Chisholm
Leo M. Collymore
High Lift Truck Operator
Donald A. Clarke
High Lift Truck Operator
Mary A. Baldwin
Accounts Maintenance Clerk
Richard G. Condon
20 JANUARY 5, 1962
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
November 10 through December 10
EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between November 10 and
December 10 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
Iarold L. Anderson, from Supervisory
Administrative Officer, to Administrative
Mayra I. Caropresso, from Translator,
Typing, to Translator.
Elvera N. Breakfield, from Supervisory
Accounting Clerk, to Supervisory Cler-
ical Assistant, Printing Plant.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Bernard J. Craig, Jr., from Substitute
Window Clerk, Postal Division, to Police
Private, Police Division.
Eusebio Ortiz, from Truck Driver, Motor
Transportation Division, to Firefighter,
Jane A. Gruver, from Substitute Teacher,
to Elementary and Secondary School
Teacher, Division of Schools.
Robert S. Herr, from Administrative Aid
to Director of Posts, to Assistant Director
Joseph T. Kozlowski, from Window Clerk,
to Custodian, Postal and Philatelic Stock.
David C. Rose, from Air Mail Tour Fore-
man, to Mail Handling Unit Foreman.
Charles A. Mockus, from Distribution
Clerk, to Mail Handling Unit Clerk.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
John \V. Litton, Marine Machinist, from
Abe L. Lincoln, Claud M. Kreger, Stephen
L. Dukes, George T. Crook, Irom Leader
Core Drill Operator, to Leader Sub-
Aqueous Core Drill Operator.
Alejandro Montenegro, from Seaman, to
Juan Justiniani, Aristides L6pez, from
Heavy Laborer, to Seaman.
Jos o C6rdoba, from Laborer, Supply Divi-
sion, to Floating Plant Fireman.
Alejandro Gil, from Dock Worker, Ter-
mninals Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Morty K. Blanchard, from Seaman, to
Cecil L. Miller, from Firefighter, Fire Divi-
sion, to Truck Driver.
Vernon M. Findlater, from Floating Plant-
Boom Oiler, to Launch Operator.
Stanwood O. Specht, from Supervisory
Operating Power Engineer, to Super-
visor, Mechanical Power System.
Beatriz A. Kwai Ben, Clerk-Typist, from
Wage and Classification Division.
Marguerite Runck, from Supervisory Typing
Clerk, to Clerical Typing Assistant.
avid C. Ryan, John A. Barbour, Harold
M. Fraser, from Lead Foreman Elec-
trician, to Lead Foreman Central Office
Alfred Tulle, from Electroplater, Limited,
Alherto L. Brown, from Messenger, Officer
of General Manager, Supply Division,
Basil C. DeSousa, from Counter Attendant,
Supply Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Jules A. Lelaidier, from Liquid Fuels
Gauger, Terminals Division, to Water
Anthony R. Lombroia, from Lead Fore-
man Joiner, to General Buildings Fore-
Albert II. Plumer, from Refrigeration and
Air Condition Mechanic, to Leader Re-
frigeration and Air Condition Mechanic.
Robert B. Grier, from Lock Operator Ma-
chinist, Locks Division, to Maintenance
William WV. Spencer from Lead Foreman,
Quarters Maintenance, to Leader Elec-
Bunnan S. Spangler, from Lead Foreman,
Hospital Maintenance, to Lead Foreman
Phra A. Ashby, from Lead Foreman, Hos-
pitat Maintenance, to Leader Plumber.
Arundel A. Hall, from Clerk, to Super-
Thomas McGowan, from Heavy Laborer,
to Helper Heavy Duty Equipment
Matildo Tufi6n, from Dock Worker, Ter-
mninals Division, to Laborer.
Joseph E. Brown, from Railroad Trackman,
Railroad Division, to Laborer.
Clifford A. Dottin, from Service Station
Attendant, Supply Division, to House-
David L. Matthews, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Kitchen Attendant.
Talhert Weeks, General Medical Tech-
nician, from Coco Solo Hospital.
Coco Solo Hospital
Enrique A. Brown, from General Medical
Technician, to Medical Technologist.
Jos6 Bermudez, Roy A. Watson, from Phar-
macy Helper, to Pharmacy Assistant.
Teresita Quir6s, from Clerk, to Clerk-
Santiago S. Morrice, from Housekeeper, to
Lead Foreman Hospital Laborer.
Eugcnio Beauville, from Nursing Assistant,
Psychiatry, to Hospital Recreation
Gloria F. Atherley, from Seamstress, to
Lionel M. Smith, from Helper Shipwright,
to Storekeeping Clerk, Industrial Divi-
Robert L. Husband, from Towboat or Ferry
Master, to Pilot-in-Training, Navigation
Peter J. Barr, from Fire Sergeant, Fire
Division, to Guard.
James E. Stuart, from Supervisory Store-
keeping Clerk, to Statistical Clerk.
William A. Muller, from Electrician, to
Lock Operator Electrician.
Norman Blandford, Carlos F. Master, Jose
Cerda, Antonio Jimenez, Gilberto Mora-
les, Henry O. Bailey, Alexander Johnson,
Toward L. McKenzie, Albert E. Waithe.
Juan Joseph, Julio Avila, from Helper
Lock Operator, to Line Handler.
Justo E. Jaslin, James S. Best, from Line
Handler, to Helper Lock Operator.
Fulgencio Martinez, Virgilio Vega, John
Lake from Heavy Laborer, to Line
OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL
Paul T. Dunn, from General Attorney,
Admiralty, to General Attorney.
\V. Allen Sanders, from General Attorney,
Legislation, to General Attorney.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Grace E. aacVittie, from Travel Expense
Claims Examiner, to General Claims
Manuel S. Rivera, from Office Machine
Operator, to Bookkeeping Machine
Coolridge E. Scantlebury, from File Clerk,
to Accounting Clerk.
Ramiro Zaldivar, from Constable, Magis-
trate's Court, Cristobal, to Debt Coun-
Canal Zone Central Employment Office
Norman A. Eversley, from Clerk, Mainte-
nance Division, to Mail and File Clerk.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Clayton J. Auble, from Commissary Store
Manager, to Merchandise Management
Michael S. Brzezinski, from Accounts Main-
tenance Clerk, Industrial Division, to
Alfred A. Shoy, from Stock Control Clerk,
to Clerk, Office of General Manager.
Silvano Batista, from Heavy Laborer, Com-
munity Service Division, to Baker.
Oliver E. Thorne, from Helper Optical
Worker, to Optical Worker.
Sadie D. Belle, from Clerk, to Office Ma-
Alfred C. Drakes, from Storekeeping Clerk,
to Leader Stockman.
Sybil M. Miller, from Food Service Sales
Checker, to Stock Control Clerk.
Clifford A. Hylton, from Waiter, to Guest
Ronald A. Johnson, from Pinsetter, to
Ernesto C. Anderson, Lester J. Clement,
Leonard J. Blychanton, from Package
Boy to Utility Worker.
Harold E. Smith, Joslyn O. Barriteau, Alvin
II. Barber. Bradly A. Coartney, from
Package Boy to Sales Clerk.
Alton C. Grant, from Utility Worker, to
Enid M. Dignam, from Sales Clerk and
Theater Ticket Seller, to Snack Bar
Operator and Ticket Seller.
Arthur S. Davis, from Package Boy to Mes-
senger, Office of General Manager.
Cecil WV. Haughton, from Warehouseman,
to Storekeeping Clerk.
Jose J. Estrada, from Heavy Laborer, to
Esteban J. Lowe, from Utility Worker, to
Simeon Blake, from Waiter, to Utility
Cayetano Carrasco, from Dairy Laborer, to
Milk Cooling Machine Operator.
Fulgencio P. Quifi6nes, from Storekeeping
Clerk, to Lumber Inspector Assistant.
(Sce p. 22)
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Alfredo A. Gale, James Grant, from Utility
Worker, to Heavy Laborer.
Etelberto I. Alvarado, Carl E. Dunn
Moodie, Basil C. DeSousa, Naomi A.
MeLeod, from Utility Worker, to Counter
Cecilio A. Brown, from Packager, to 'Mes-
Floreneio G6mez, from Laborer Cleaner,
Mavis R. Grant, from Storekeeping Clerk,
to Sales Clerk.
Vieent C. Forde, from Heavy Laborer, to
Alfred T. Soley, from Clerk, to Store-
Agustin Martinez, from Service Station
Attendant, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion, to Truck Driver.
Vincent George, from Pinsetter, to Utility
Gregorio Chiari, Juan Becerra, Roy Gray,
Eustaquio A. Vega, from Dock Worker,
to High Lift Truck Operator.
Gerardo A. N6fiez, Rolfe \V. Burton, Do-
mingo Renteria, from Ship W\orker, to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Gladstone 0. Brown, from Helper Liquid
Fuels Wharfman, to Truck Driver.
Jos6 M. Calder6n, Gabriel Ibarra, from
Dock Worker, to Ship Worker.
Clarence B. Glasgow, from Helper Liquid
Fuels Wharfman, to Oiler.
Aubrey Judge, from Heavy Laborer, to
Leader Heavy Laborer.
Motor Transportation Division
Lionel Thorne, from School Bus Driver, to
Motor Vehicle Dispatcher.
Hlmnberto E. Prez, from Truck Driver, to
School Bus Driver.
Jose Jones, from Automotive Equipment
Serviceman, to Truck Driver.
Alfonso Niles, from Service Station Oper-
ator, Supply Division, to Truck Driver.
George A. Thomas, Truck Driver, from
Donald L. Greaves, Edgar R. Ellis, Junie
N. Scott, Charles A. Mullings, from Fire-
fighter, Fire Division, to Truck Driver.
Francisco Castillo, from General Helper,
to Maintenance Carpenter.
Esteban Gonznlez, from Laborer, to Heavy
Roy R. Wilferd, from Road and Yard Con-
ductor, to Road and Yard Conductor
and Train Dispatcher.
Flo dl M. Jobnson, from Road and Yard
Conductor and Train Dispatcher, to
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Hobert L. Snyder, Services Assistant to
Director of Posts, Postal Di\ision.
Fred N. Dabl, Employee Development
Officer, Office of General Manager,
Wilfred R. Morris, Graduate Intern, Busi-
ncss Administration, Supply Division.
William C. Bailey, Finance Branch Super-
intendent, Postal Division.
Millard M. Coleman, Chief Engineer, Tow-
l ot or Dredging Division.
Gerard J. \\t kh., General Valuation Engi-
neer, Accoiunting Division.
Joseph II. Gray, Cargo Clerk, Terminals
About Former Employees
FORMER Panama Canal employees
have embarked on all manner of inter-
esting projects after leaving tile isthmus.
The projects have ranged from bridge
building in far-away places to laying
of chimney bricks on the family home-
stead in some tucked away corner of
New England. Retired Col. Henry A.
Starrett, a former retail store manager,
devoted himself to readying a museum
exhibit built around a model of one
of his grandfather's ships and family
treasures collected nearly a century
ago when clipper ships were touring
The ship model in the exhibit is of
the Frank N. Thaycr, built about 1S70
in Maine, and of which Henry Atherton
Starrett was master. His wife, son, and
daughter made the voyages with him, as
was customary in the '70s.
The model of the Frank N. Thayer,
handed down to the master mariner's
namesake, Colonel Starrett, was built
exactly to scale by Captain Starrett and
his daughter, Annie. It is of mahogany,
about 4 feet from bowsprit to stern, is
full-rigged, with pulleys, railings, and
a ladder made of ivory.
ACROSS half the widltl of the United
States in Wisconsin, another collection
by a former Panama Canal employee
made news headlines. This one was a
collection of books and pictures pre-
sented to the New Holstcin, W\is.,
Public Library from the estate of Mr.
andl Mrs. Edwx'ard Schildhauer of Santa
Monica, Calif. Mr. Schildhaner, who
was born near the Wisconsin town,
designed and patented the lock operat-
ing machinery and the system of electric
locomotives for towing ships through
the Panama Canal locks.
In 1906 he came to the Isthmus as
electrical and mechanical engineer for
the Isthmian Canal Commission, and
remained until after the opening of
George C. Smith, Ethelbert Scales, Sales
Clerk, Supply Division.
Kathleen D. Allwood, Duncan S. Wil-
liams, Jr., Rieardo R. Reefer, Utility
Worker, Supply Division.
I lereilia Forero, Sales Section Head, Supply
Susan S. Smith, Supervisory Medical Tech-
nologist. Coco Solo Hospital.
Clara C. Baez, Maria E. DeYeaza, Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Accounting
David R. Bradshaw, Service Center Super-
visor, Supply Division.
MNagdrie R. Callender, Clerk-Typist, Divi-
sion of Schools.
William K. McCne, Nolan A. Bissell, Relief
Until recently the model was kept in
the Starrett homestead in Belfast, Maine.
Then the family decided to place it in
a museum, and the one at Rockland,
Maine, accepted it as the center of the
museum's marine exhibits. Various
members of the Starrett family con-
tributed articles to the exhibit. Saved
from seafaring days of yore, these
articles included shawls from China,
lace from Brussels, lacquer bowls, fur-
niture from Calcutta, ivory games and
puzzles, toys and dolls, and even a
revolver once used to quell a mutiny.
Colonel Starrett, who was born in
Belfast, Maine, was a Canal Zone retail
store manager from 1925 to 1941, when
he resigned to go on active duty as a
commissioned officer, stationed with the
Quartermaster Corps in the Canal Zone.
He retired from military service about
10 years ago and although he and
Mrs. Starrett still have not carried out
their plan to revisit the Isthmus, the)
keep up their Isthmian friendships
Colonel and Mrs. Starrett reside in
Belfast, Maine, when they're at home.
Right now they're traveling in the Medi-
terranean area. How? By ship, naturally.
Many of the books in the collection
concern Panama, its history, and the
construction of the Canal. Two of the
volumes are on the construction plans
for Gatun Locks and Gatun Dam, one
volume being text while the other
contains the curves, diagrams, and
blueprints of the Canal.
In addition, the collection includes
three pictures framed in bamboo of
scenes on the Isthmus, a picture taken
from the air overlooking the Canal,
many photographs of the project, and
two personal albums.
Mr. Schildhauer died in 1953 and
Mrs. Schildhauer in 1961, after which
all books in his private collection per-
taining to the Panama Canal were
bequeathed to the New Holstein library.
Supervisor, Balboa, Postal Division.
Carroll E. Kocher, General Foreman, Mail
Handling Unit, Postal Division.
Robinson Caraquitos, llalden Thomas, Ge-
rardo Flores, Radames Ben, Te6fila
Badillo, Utility Worker, Supply Division.
Eugene Breakfield, Relief Supervisor, Postal
Daniel II. George, Apprentice Electrician,
David A. Phlatts, Bookkeeping Machine
Operator, Accounting Division.
Vietor Kourany, Theresa Austin, Estella A.
lHaynes, Clerk, Supply Division.
Lois I. Alexander, Clerk-Typist, Division
Rosario S. Capitelli, Procurement Agent,
Procurement Division, New Orleans, La.
22 JANUAnR 5, 1962
50 Years Ago
PLANS for the second census of tlhe
Canal Zone were completed in January
1912, with the headcount to start on
February I and expected to take about
2 months. The census was to include
enumeration of all residents of the Canal
Zone and all employees of the Canal
and Panama Railroad living in Colon.
Panama, Portobelo, and other points
outside the Canal Zone but in Isthmian
territory. The first census, completed in
mid-1908, showed a population in the
Zone of 50,003, of which 24,296 were
employed by the Canal or railroad.
It \ as reported that Isthmian weather
during 1911 had been characterized by
a general deficiency in rainfall, relative
humidity, and cloudiness, with total
rainfall being below normal at all sta-
tions. In Colon, rainfall for the year
totaled 112.75 inches, with rain being
recorded on 253 days. On the Pacific
side of the Isthmus, the rainfall was
64.10 inches, with rain being recorded
on 170 days. The Culebra station
reported 78.84 inches of rain for the
year and 189 days on which rain was
The removal of the fourth and last of
the concrete placing cranes from Pedro
Miguel Locks began on January 30.
RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of December to
the employees listed below, with their
positions and years of Canal service:
Frank J. Aspesi, Towing Locomotive Oper-
ator, Locks Division; 17 years.
Epifanio Barsallo, Heavy Laborer, Mainte-
nance Division; 34 years, 5 months,
Felicito Batista, Heavy Laborer, Mainte-
nance Division; 35 years, 2 months,
Charles Brown. Laborer Cleaner, Conm-
munity Services Division; 23 years,
9 months, 21 days.
Martin A. Bugalski, 2nd Assistant Engi-
neer, SS "Cristobal," Water Transporta-
tion Division; 29 years, 23 days.
Amar Chand, Dock Worker, Terminals
Division; 31 years, 5 months, 26 days.
Estella L. Clayton, Nursing Assistant,
Psychiatry, Corozal Hospital; 34 years,
10 months, 9 days.
Cecilia Croker, Laundry Checker, Supply
Division; 40 years, 5 months, 12 days.
Elsie Z. Ilalliwell, Elementary and Sec-
ondary School Teacher, Division lof
The crane, which had been used in the
east chamber, was to be moved to
Miraflores for use in the east chamber
of the lower lock. The side and center
walls of Pedro Miguel Locks were
The visit to the Isthmus on January 10
of retired Lt. Cen. Sir Robert Baden-
Powell of the British Army, founder of
the Boy Scout movement, resulted in a
revival of interest in the movement on
the Canal Zone. It was reported that
75 Scouts were enrolled in the Zone.
25 Years Ago
THE ANNUAL appropriation for the
Panama Canal was reduced more than
a half-million dollars from the level of
the previous year by President Roosevelt
in his budget message to Congress.
The budget for fiscal year 1937, as
established in the budget message, was
88,519,000, compared to $9,149,201
for 1936. Of the total. $6,361,000 was
marked for maintenance and operation
of the waterway, while $2,15S,000 was
lor improvements and construction.
It was announced that traffic through
the Canal in November and December
1936 showed a decided decrease from
the level of previous months as a result
of a shipping strike which had paralyzed
Schools; 32 years, 24 days.
Fitzgerald Henry, Laborer Cleaner, Com-
mnmity Services Division; 37 years,
10 months, 23 days.
George A. Henry, Carpenter, Maintenance
Division; 46 years, 2 months, 1 day.
Septimus James. Leader Boatman, Locks
Division: 39 years, 3 days.
Juan Mendez, Laborer Cleaner, Commu-
nity Services Division; 43 years, 9 days.
Ralph II. Otten. General Architect, Engi-
neering Division; 22 years, 1 month,
Beresford Phillips, Cement Finisher. Mlain-
tenance Division; 35 years, 9 months,
Albert E. Prince, Storekeeping Clerk,
Supply Division; 39 years, 11 months,
John Simms, Deckhand, Port Captain's
Office, Cristobal; 24 years, 3 months,
John A. Sterling, Cement Finisher, Main-
tenance Division; 28 years, 9 days.
Richard Connell, Oiler Floating Plant,
Dredging Division; 47 years, 6 months.
Manuel Salazar, Line Handler, Terminals
Division; 16 years, 11 months, 2 days.
ocean traffic on the west coast of the
United States since October. It was
estimated that the strike cost the Canal
more than $1 million in tolls.
One of the most severe slides in a
number of years occurred in the Cut on
the night of January 14, following an
unusual January cloudburst which
flooded Balboa with a record dry season
rainfall of 2.06 inches in I hour. The
slide narrowed the channel to 100 feet
in one section. Traffic was delayed only
1,2 hours to permit examination, but
two Canal dredges started work imme-
diatelv to remove the slide material
from the channel.
10 Years Ago
THE SELECTION of William H.
Dunlop as Finance Director for the
Canal enterprise and approval of plans
to establish a Comptroller's Office to
supersede the existing Management
Division were announced at Balboa
Heights in January 1952, following the
annual meeting of the Panama Canal
Board of Directors.
The reorganization of the Panama
Canal administrative machinery the year
before necessitated basic changes in the
fiscal structure of the enterprise and
development of an appropriate corpo-
rate accounting system to provide cost
data necessary to determining tolls and
other rates charged for goods and serv-
ices provided by the Panama Canal
Company, President Truman told Con-
gress in his budget message. The Pres-
ident said plans called for all rates for
goods and services, except tolls paid
by vessels, to be increased enough by
March to put the Company's operations
on a self-sustaining basis.
1 Year Ago
RESIDENTS of the Canal Zone were
getting ready for their traditional par-
ticipation in Isthmian Carnival events,
with plans announced for raising of the
blue and white flag in the Zone early
The John F. Wallace, first of the Pan-
ama Canal's three new and more poower-
ful tugs arrived at Cristobal early in the
month. The new vessel had participated
in a rescue mission involving a group of
Cuban refugees off the coast of Florida
during her trip from Savannah, Ca., to
TIlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW'
Navigation Chief Named
CAPT. CLAUDE S. FARMER, USN,
Balboa Port Captain, has been appointed
Chief of the Navigation Division, in
addition to his duties as Port Captain.
The office of Chief of the Navigation
Division recently was reactivated by
In his additional position, Captain
Farmer will be responsible to Capt.
Richard G. Jack, Marine Director, for
all matters solely or chiefly concerned
with the transiting of ships through the
waterway, except operation of the locks.
One of the new duties to be handled
by the office of the Chief of the Naviga-
tion Division is examination for and
issuanee of licenses for private small-
boat operators. Administrative details
concerning such licenses, which are
I *s 'c9
required for all persons operating any
type of inboard or outboard motorboat
in Canal Zone waters, previously were
handled in the Office of the Marine
New Bulk Carrier
THE 35,000-deadweight-ton bulk
carrier Janecke Maersk, first of two
vessels of its type to be ordered in Japan
by A. P. Moller of Copenhagen, was
due to arrive at the Canal the last part
of December on her maiden voyage
from Japan to Norfolk.
The two vessels reportedly were
ordered under a long-term charter with
Japanese iron and steel companies to
carry coal from the United States
east coast to Japan.
The ship was built at the Tsurumi
Shipyard of Nippon Kohan, where the
keel of the sister ship also was laid.
The second ship is due for delivery in
February. C. B. Fenton & Co. repre-
sents the Maersk Line at the Canal.
Liberte To Transit
THE FORMER French liner Liberte,
one of the world's largest ocean liners,
will arrive at the Panama Canal during
the last part of January as a dead tow
an her way to the west coast of the
At Seattle, the once proud member
of the French Line fleet will be used as
a floating hotel, restaurant, and theater
for visitors to the Seattle World's Fair,
which opens in April.
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN NOVEMBER
Commercial ...... 859 8(
U.S. Government .. 18
Total .. ....... .. 888 9:
Commercial. .... $4,303,756
U.S. Government. 75,508
Total .... $4,379,264
Commercial..... 5,163,010 5,232,796
U.S. Government. 36,598 99,216
Total.... 5,199,608 5,332,012
SIncludes tolls on all vessels. ocean-going and small.
"Cargo figures are in long tons.
Tile ship, which was sold to the
Northwest Leasing Co. of Seattle for
$2.5 million, is to leave Le Havre on
January 15 for her long trip from
Europe. She will be towed the entire
The 51,839-ton ship has sailed under
three flags-German, United States, and
French. She has been sunk and raised
twice during her long career. The first
sinking occurred in 1928 when she was
being fitted out in Bremen for her
maiden voyage as the North German
Lloyd liner Europe. The second sinking
was in 1946 at Le Havre, just before
being taken over by the French. She
has been in service with the French
Line since 1952 and made her last
trans-Atlantic voyage in November from
New York to France.
A RECENT ADDITION to the world fleet of superships which must be classified as
"clear Cuts" for passage through the Panama Canal recently transited the waterway on
her maiden voyage from Japan, where she was built in the Kure Shipyards. The vessel,
named the Ore Venus, was constructed for National Bulk Carriers. She is 751 feet long
and 102 feet wide. The photograph at the bottom indicates her lengllh in comparison to
the 1,000-foot long chambers of the Canal locks, while the narrow ribbon of water along-
side her in the photo at left shows how snugly she fitted between the lock walls, with only
4 feet to spare on each side. She was represented at the Canal by Panama Agencies.
JANUARY 5, 1962