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The United Fund
EACH YEAR about this time, in both the Canal Zone and the
United States, massive efforts are mounted to raise money for
non-profit agencies engaged in various community programs of
recreation, social welfare, charity, and other benevolences.
Millions of people give readily and willingly to the United
Fund each vear because they believe in supporting the work of
the agencies involved and prefer not to solicit or be solicited
throughout the vear on behalf of first one agency and then another.
This year, more than 650 volunteer workers in the Company/
Government organization are doing the work connected with
conducting a coordinated drive on behalf of 20 different agencies.
Among these volunteers are Bureau and Division Chairmen,
responsible for seeing that employees of their respective units
are contacted and given an opportunity to contribute. And at the
grassroots level of the drive are almost 600 Keymen, who have
the tedious and often thankless task of making the actual contact
with each employee.
These Keymen are neither beggars nor high-pressure salesmen.
They are simply men and women doing a job which must be done
if the member agencies of the United Fund are to get the money
they need to conduct their activities during the coming year.
It is not the responsibility of the Kemnen to make sure that
cacl contributor gives what might be considered his or her "fair
share." The size of each contributor's donation is something which
each individual must decide for himself. This should not be
difficult if the programs of the 20 agencies are balanced against
the carefully considered goal of $145,000 being sought for them.
This month's self-explanatory cover picture is symbolic of the
many units in the Company-Government which will be able to
post such 100 percent participation notices before the end of tlhe
drive. Will vour unit be one of them?
In This Issue
TIE STUDENT assistants who worked for
the Canal organization this past summer have
returned to school or entered other jobs by now,
but evidence of their presence is contained at
several points in this issue of TIlE PANAMA
On page 18 there is an article describing the
appreciation to fellow workers shown by some of
the student assistants, while the work of two
others appears at two other places. The work
shown was done by Wayne Wall of Diablo and
Delano Stewart of Paraiso, both student assistants
in the photographic section during the summer
months. Mr. Wall took the pictures used with
the fire prevention article on pages 14 and 15,
while Mr. Stewart took those of Latin American
kindergartens which appear on pages 10 and 11.
Our appreciation goes to both of them.
Help for a Growing Economy ------ 3
Bridge Man for Canal------ ------- 6
Open Season for lHealth Insurance -------- 7
Visit to the Back Country -------- 8
Kindergartens-Strictly for Children ------- 10
Schoolbells to Ring for Gorgas Technician 11
Down Under_ _---_---- --------- 12
Are You a Firebug? __-- -------- 14
Stocking Bouquets _-- ---_ --------- 15
Alton White-Pinch-hitting Speaker-------- 16
Worth Knowing _- ___ 16
They Ate the Evidence_------ -- 18
United Fund Agency Goals___ _-- 19
Anniversaries-___-- - 20
Promotions and Transfers_ -------------21
Commandment for Safetyv _-------- ----- 22
Canal Histor_ -- ------------ -- 23
Retirements --_-- --------------- 23
Shipping ------ 24
OCTOBER 6, 1961
Francisco Corro, who farms with his
father in the Chitre area, demon-
strates recently installed irrigation
system to Robert Kerns. Point Four
Agricultural Advisor in the area.
Zone $ $
Help for a Growing Economy
CANAL ZONE agencies, which each
year send millions upon millions of
dollars coursing into the economic
bloodstream of the Republic of Panama,
are providing a basic market which
farmers and other producers in the
Republic are using to build new futures
for themselves and, very likely, their
The seldom-recognized fact is that
the Zone market for goods and services
represents the basic demand necessary
for producers and suppliers in the
Republic to enter hitherto untried lines
of endeavor. Such efforts often are
aimne at supplying Zone residents and
agencies, but they frequently overflow
into the domestic market and become
an accepted and integral part of the
Republic's economic life.
This process by which the Pana-
manian economy is stimulated by the
presence of the Canal operation has
been going on for many years, of course,
but one aspect of it has been brought
into sharp and understandable focus
during the past 18 months through a
program involving the production and
marketing of fruits and vegetables.
This program, sponsored by SICAP,
Farmers in the
Chitre area prepare
to unload tomatoes
at the collection
a joint agency of the Palama Ministry
of Agriculture and the United States
Point Four Program. is aimed at
developing a coordinated grading and
marketing system for fresh fruits and
vegetables grown in the Republic. Zone
agencies, cooperating with SICAP, have
provided a market large enough to
nurture and support the program
through its preliminary stages.
Officials working with the 400 farmer-
cooperators presently participating in
the program say Zone purchases have
provided the volume essential to devel-
opment of a workable system of produc-
tion-grading-marketing for high-quality
agricultural products. But they say the
real opportunity for the program is th?
domestic market and exportation.
Even in its present preliminary stage
of development, the system established
under the program hlas been able to
provide a regular, dependable supply of
such items as tomatoes, bell peppers.
oranges, and, in season, watermelons
and cantaloupes. Purchasing represent-
atives of Canal Zone agencies have
utilized the system since it first was
established and outlets in the Republic
are turning to it to supply their needs.
One of the most dramatic changes
resulting from the program has been in
the production and sale of locally-grown
tomatoes. Between May and September
of 1960, thousands of pounds of toma-
toes were imported to meet the demand
in both the Zone and the Republic, but
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
because of the markets made available as
a direct result of the grading and market-
ing system, producers in the Republic
expanded their production enough to
supply all tomatoes for the Zone and the
Republic between May and September
of this year.
With the Zone market for tomatoes
and other fresh fruits and vegetables
readily available, and assured that Gov-
ernment agencies in the Zone would
cooperate fully, SICAP officials and
technicians helped farmer-cooperators
near Chitre and Boquete to establish
central collection and packaging facili-
ties, develop a field grading system,
obtain tomato plants suited to the parti-
cular locales, and joined with technicians
from Panama's Agricultural Extension
Department (DAP) to advise farmer-
eooperators on new and improved
All this effort was capped by estab-
lishment of a final grading and packag-
ing plant in Panama City, with the
Institute for Economic Development
(IFE) supplying the building and Point
Four providing the equipment. Toma-
toes picked, field graded, and packaged
are trucked from the collection stations to
the Panama City plant, where final grad-
ing and packaging is done. Thus, for the
first time, a central supply point has
been established from which buyers for
both Zone agencies and retail outlets
in the Republic can obtain regular
deliveries of high-quality fruits and
Encouraged by the promise of a pro-
Most of these f I
melons will be taken [
to the final
grading plant and
wholesale outlet in -
Panama City. .
fitable market, the farmer-cooperators
increased the amount of land planted to
vegetables and started year-round pro-
duction, particularly of tomatoes, instead
of limiting themselves to the dry season
months, as they had in the past. From
the start of the program, Zone agencies
have purchased large quantities of the
available production. Retail outlets in
Panama consistently have purchased
from the central plant in Panama City,
also. Marketing officials who have
guided the program during its early
stages say the preliminary success of
the entire production-grading-marketing
complex would have been virtually
P e F
President Roberto F. Chliari v.isited the Panaman City planlt to wa'tch~ it in operation.
impossible without the availability of
the Zone market, but maintain that its
eventual aim is to supply the ever-
growing requirements of residents of
the Republic itself.
In many countries which have not
developed all efficient production-grad-
ing-marketing system, these officials say,
it is necessary to develop simultaneously
both a demand for quality products and
the necessary facilities for growing and
selling them. Such a program is extre-
mely intricate, easily disrupted by un-
expected problems, and very slow to
reach a level of even moderate success.
The presence of the Zone market
provided the preliminary sales outlet,
thus eliminating any need to develop
a basic demand and enabling officials to
direct all their efforts toward production,
grading, and packaging.
SICAP officials, pleased with the pre-
limimnary successes of the program, hope
to expand it to include several other
crops in the months immediately ahead.
They are planning programs for the
production, grading, and marketing of
five major additional products: potatoes,
onions, celery, lettuce, and carrots. Back-
stopping their plans for these crops is
the Zone market which exists for them,
providing a base for getting the pro-
grams under way, just as it has for those
already initiated The domestic market
in Panama eventually is expected to be
far more important to all the programs
than the Zone, SICAP officials say, con-
trasting the Zone's population of 45,000
with the population of more than a
million in the Republic.
Officials planning the new programs
say there is an immediate market in
the Zone and the Republic for approxi-
mately $1 million worth of high-quality
potatoes, onions, celery, lettuce, and
carrots. This estimate is based on the
OCTOBER 6, 1961
volume in which these items are im-
ported by Panama retailers and Zone
agencies. Once the programs are in full
operation, that $1 million a year will
flow into the hands of the farmer-
cooperators of the Republic rather than
being spent in other countries.
Dr. Manelco Solis, Director of SICAP,
says the Zone demand has been impor-
tant to the programs, but voices the
opinion of other officials in the agency
that the domestic market and exporta-
tion offer the greatest possibilities for
In a recent statement, Dr. Solis said,
"In the past year and a half, SICAP has
utilized the Canal Zone demand for
fresh fruits and vegetables to get the
grading and marketing programs started,
but it is not the Canal Zone market
which offers the greatest potential for
the sale of fresh fruits and vegetables.
I believe our city residents and the pos-
sibility of exportation offer the greatest
possibilities for the future, even though
the presence of Zone purchasers accus-
tomed to demanding high quality and
regular deliveries is very important and
constitutes a constant stimulus for
The beneficial effect of the Zone's
purchases of fresh fruits and vegetables
from the production-grading-marketing
system during its preliminary stages of
development is only one of many eco-
nomic developments which have occur-
red in Panama as a direct result of needs
created by the presence of the Canal
and those who operate, maintain, and
The greatest and most obvious eco-
nomic benefit accruing to the Republic
from the presence of the Canal is, of
course, the employment which it and
other U.S. Government agencies in the
Zone provide for thousands of Panama-
A trial shipment of fresh fruits and vegetables
nian citizens. Salaries paid to non-U.S.-
citizen employees during the fiscal year
which ended June 30 this year totaled
approximately $31 million.
Wages paid to Panamanian citizens
by contractors engaged on various Canal
Zone projects adds several million more
dollars to the payroll figures. And in
addition to the direct employment by
the various Government agencies and
contractors employed by them, there are
several thousand residents of Panama
employed by private individuals and
organizations in the Zone. These indi-
viduals and organizations are here only
because of the Canal's presence.
Purchases of food products, bever-
ages, construction materials, services,
and commercial and consumer goods
from suppliers in the Republic all serve
to improve economic conditions in
Zone Spending in Panama'
Food products -_
Beverages_ _ _
Construction materials __
Auto parts, supplies _______________ _
Other commercial, consumer items____
Services (dry cleaning, etc.)____________
Contracts to local firms __ _ _ ______
Wages to non-U.S. citizens by all U.S. agencies_-
Cash payments to former non-U.S. citizen employees.
Annuity to Panama ___
Total spending by U.S. agencies ______
- - 2,000,000
1 Private spending by Zone organizations and individuals is not included. This was
estimated at more than $2112 million during fiscal year 1960. A similar estimate for fiscal
year 1961 would place the total at approximately $73 million.
"All figures are rounded to nearest thousand. Minimum estimates are shown where exact
figures were not available.
was flown to Miami during the dry season.
Panama. Direct purchases of this type
during the past year by Government
agencies totaled more than $7 million.
And these are only the direct expen-
ditures by Government agencies. They
do not include the millions of dollars
spent in Panama each )year by Canal
Zone residents, by transients visiting the
Republic as a result of the waterway's
presence, or by ships calling at the
Canal, many of which buy stores and
other supplies from Panamanian firms
engaged in that business, which is not
part of the Canal's operations. Many
millions of dollars would be added to
the total economic benefits accruing to
the Republic of Panama and its citizens
as a result of the waterway if these
things were evaluated and included.
The multi-million dollar expenditures
of Government agencies in the Zone,
and the additional millions spent by
Zone residents and those visiting the
Isthmus because of the waterway are
vast but may prove to be only minor in
comparison to the internal development
of the Republic which they are helping
to make possible through programs such
as those sponsored by SICAP. Such
programs are believed by many to offer
the brightest economic hope for the
future of the Republic and its citizens.
The presence of the Canal makes the
development of such programs easier
and more quickly successful than else-
where. Nevertheless, those directing the
programs through their infaney are con-
vinced that the Zone demand can most
effectively be utilized as a base on which
to build a system that some day will
result in greatly expanded consumption
of goods and services produced locally.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Elmer B. Stevens
WATCHDOG for the Panama Canal
Company on the $20 million Thatcher
Ferry Bridge Project at Balboa is Elmer
B. Stevens, a quiet, self-effacing civil
engineer who joined the Panama Canal
organization in 1936 and who probably
has had more bridge experience than
any other man in the Engineering and
From the time he was graduated from
the University of Vermont with a civil
engineering degree until he joined the
bridge project, Mr. Stevens has spent
a good part of his working time design-
ing and building bridges. Because of his
early association with the Canal Office
Engineers, there have been times, how-
ever, when he says people have regarded
him as a "housing engineer" and,
therefore, "a suspicious character."
Elmer, or "Steve," as he is known to
his many friends and co-workers, was
appointed in 1959 to the position of
resident engineer for the bridge project
and in this capacity is responsible for
carrying out the designer's concept of
the project to its physical completion.
He reports to Col. Matthew C. Harrison,
the Canal's Engineering and Construc-
tion Director and Contracting Officer.
Riding herd on the activities of the
various contracting firms which have
been employed on the construction of
the bridge and its approaches as well as
acting as liaison man between the Canal
authorities and the men building one of
the largest bridges south of the Rio
Crane is only part of Steve's job.
Steve has found that he also must be
prepared to deal diplomatically with
visitors and others seeking information
and, in the process, convince the public
thlt construction problems are not as
had as some laymen are inclined to think.
He points out that cofferdams are,
after all, only construction accessories
and not part of the final product. Ile also
notes that even though the bridge sub-
structure is being completed about
5 months behind schedule this has not
Elmer B. Stevens, at right, and Walter Cathey during brief moment away from bridge work.
delayed the final completion schedule
of the Thatcher Ferry Bridge.
With one phase of the bridge work
reaching a successful conclusion, Steve
is prone to recall some of the lighter
moments of the past 2 years. There was
the time that a load of concrete grout
pelted-but did not injure-a group of
Balboa Heights engineers who were
inspecting the bottom of a cofferdam.
And the time a barge was sunk by an
endless stream of wet concrete despite
desperate efforts of contractor's em-
ployees to close the gate of the concrete
mixing plant's loading hopper.
Recently, Steve has been sharing the
successes and defeats of substructure
construction with Walter Cathey, project
manager for the joint contracting firms
of Fruin-Colnon, LeBoeuf & Dougherty.
Mr. Cathev, a retired construction man
working as a consultant, was called to
the bridge job about a year ago by the
contracting firm and gets along with
Steve just fine. Mr. Cathev, says Steve,
is one of the finest "rigging" men in the
construction business, and that is high
praise in anyone's engineering language.
As proof of Mr. Cathey's ability as an
expert on bridge substructure construc-
tion, Steve cites the fact that 5 difficult
cofferdams have been completed with-
out mishap or delay since Mr. Cathey
In contrast to many construction men,
Steve seems shy and soft spoken. But
when visitors or co-workers get out of
line or tend to become obstreperous, they
quickly find that Steve is made of sterner
stuff and is well able to hold up his end
of the argument.
This ability probably was inherited
from his father, a hard-working, devoted
Baptist minister who had a pastorate in
DeLand, Fla., where Steve was born,
and who subsequently took his family
to Sioux City, Iowa, and later Vermont.
Steve went to high school in Sioux
City, but received his degree in civil
engineering from the University of Ver-
mont. He was married in 1923 to a girl
from Crafton, Vt. The following year
he took his first job with the Fort Pitt
Bridge Works of Pittsburgh, Pa., making
shop drawings and layout on a $5
million bridge being built across the
This was only the beginning of many
\ears of work connected with bridge
building. For 2 years he was with the
bridge department of the New York
Central Railroad in Cleveland, Ohio,
where e he worked on the design of
several railroad bridges. He then spent
5 years with the Cincinnati Union Ter-
minal Co. as one of the principal bridge
designers of a $43 million project to
bring seven railroads into a new high-
level terminal area. A half-mile-long
conveyor bridge from Baton Rouge to
the Mississippi River and a long-span
$6 million highway viaduct for the City
of Cincinnati were two other projects
with which he was associated before
joining the Canal.
His first job in the Canal Zone was
with the former Office Engineers, but
much of his time was spent on bridge
OCTOBER 6, 1961
work and civil engineering. For 5 years
he was in direct charge of both the
design and inspection of wartime projects
totaling $40 million.
Except for a short break in his service
in 1945, Steve has been with the Canal
organization for thepast quarter-century.
For 9 years, prior to his appointment as
resident engineer for the Bridge Project,
he was chief of the structural branch.
During this period, he spent at least
3 years on the design, inspection, and
studies of both existing and proposed
bridges. He designed the Gatun Locks
swing bridge and made the cost esti-
mate for the bridge at Balboa, on which
the appropriation was based. With most
of the work under contract, that original
estimate still holds.
Although the Gatun Locks bridge was
considerably smaller than many of the
bridge contracts with which he has been
associated, Steve is justifiably proud of
this part of his bridge career because
of the special engineering difficulties
which it entailed.
He also is proud of a letter he received
from Col. Craig Smyser, former Engi-
neering and Construction Bureau Direc-
tor, who stated his sincere appreciation
for Steve's "fine engineering analysis
and detailed design."
Colonel Smyser expressed what is
probably the lament of all civil engineers
when he said that he was sure Steve
had long since sadly realized that the
engineer or architect is generally forgot-
ten in hailing the accomplishments of
the builder. "No one knows," he said,
"the undoubtedly poor civil engineer
who worked out the details for Xerxes'
bridge across the lellespont and Colo-
nel Goethals is honored more for the
completion of the Panama Canal than
This month the last of the six water
piers of the Thatcher Ferry' Bridge was
nearing completion and the substructure
work was coming to an end. Super-
structure work w\as on schedule, and,
except for contracts for the approach
paving which are due to be awarded
in October, the end of the bridge
construction in late 1962 was in sight.
Also in sight was the end of Elmer B.
Stevens' career with the Canal enter-
prise. The job as resident engineer for
the bridge project probably will be the
last he will hold with the organization.
Steve hopes to retire sometime in 1963
and after that may spend some time
gossiping with Indians from the Upper
Bayano region of the Darien, with
whom he has been on good terms for
many years, having made a number of
trips into the area to visit with them. He
also hopes to continue his engineering
career, although on a somewhat less
OPEN SEASON for health insurance is
here. This month, all employees of the
Federal Governmmnt in the Canal Zone
will have a chance to enroll in a group
health insurance plan or to change the
plan they now have, without taking any
Premiums for the Canal Zone Health
Benefit plans available to U.S.-citizcn
and non-U.S.-citizen employees have
been increased somewhat to provide
coverage for the increases in Canal Zone
hospital charges which go into effect
November 1. Premiums for the Service
Benefit Plans, the Indemnity Benefit
Plans, and the American Federation of
Government Employees Health Benefit
Plans have not been changed. Changes
have been made in several of the plans
to provide greater benefits.
U.S.-citizen employees in the Zone
may make changes in their health insur-
ance coverage during the first half of
the month, October 1-16, but non-U.S.-
citizen employees will have the period
October 10-31 to enroll or make any
other changes they may wish.
Because of the alterations which have
been made in the various plans, all
employees are urged to study brochures
which have been prepared and dis-
tributed to explain the various plans.
Those wishing to make a change in plans
or to enroll for the first time should
contact the insurance counselor in their
unit to obtain the necessary forms and
information. Those who do not wish to
change their plan should do nothing.
The plan, with any alterations which
may have been made, will be continued
in effect automatically.
A summary of the plans available to
U.S.-citizen employees and the cost of
each was presented in the August issue
of THE REvIEW, together with a listing
of the hospital rates which will go into
effect November 1. The cost of the
revised plan available to non-U.S.-citizen
employees is as follows:
(For Canal Zone Health Benefit Plan available to Non-U.S.-citizen employees.)
A $2.61 per hour or $2.69
B $1.48-$2.60 per
C $0.64-$1.47 per
D Less than $0.64
1.23 $2.00 $3.09 $2.51 $3.22 $4.30
.66 1.12 1.71 1.38 1.77 2.29
.45 .76 1.15 .93 1.19 1.58
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
tditto t/ze -toaiack Cou-,nrzu45
Residents of enos tune out en masse to welcome visitors ho had helped provide school supplies for village children.
Residents of Arenosa turned out en masse to welcome visitors who had helpel provide school supplies for village ehildren.
THE WEEKEND of September 16-17
was similar to most any other 2-dav
period in Panama at this season of the
year, with no more heat, rain, or
sunshine than normal, but nine repre-
sentatives of Nationwide Insurance Com-
panies of Columbus, Ohio, always will
remember those 2 days.
The insurance company representa-
tives were in Panama to observe first-
hand the use of funds which they and
other employees of Nationwide have
contributed to CARE for use in Panama,
Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras.
A non-profit agency approved by the
U.S. Government for person-to-person
international assistance, CARE conducts
a variety of programs in Panama, includ-
ing the furnishing of milk and supplies
for school children.
Local officials of CARE had arranged
for the visitors to travel to four villages
in the Catun Lake region to see schools
and pupils furnished with school supply
kits purchased with contributions from
Nationwide employees. The Panama
Canal Company was to provide a launch
to take the group to La Laguna from
Canmboa and to return them from Are-
nosa the following day. The trip really
got undcrav c bout 8:30 a.m. Saturday,
as the 14-iem ber party boarded tl;e
Hyacinth II to start the memorable
32-hour visit to Panama's back country.
The launch ride across Gatun Lake to
La Laguna was uneventful, with some
of the more avid camera fans, such as
sandy-haired Robert Huff of Annapolis,
Md., spending much of their time on
the open rear section of the craft, shoot-
ing pictures and inquiring about local
Arriving at La Laguia, the visitors
were greeted by residents of the village
and escorted to the 1-room school build-
ing, where the teacher and pupils pre-
sented a program of appreciation to
CARE and Nationwide. Caleb Hill,
self-styled unreconstructed Rebel from
Mount Airy, N.C., responded for the
Nationwide employees, voicing their
pleasure at being able to help.
While the villagers served sancocho
to the visitors, horses arrived from
Mendoza to carry members of the group
to that village, an hour's ride away. To
the accompaniment of singing children's
voices, members of the party selected
horses and mounted, just as a few drops
of rain started to fall.
Frank Jones, field representative for
CARE, helped get everything in readi-
ness, then, waving farewell to the resi-
dents of La Laguna, the group set off
on the first overland leg of the trip,
the more able riders leading the way
and the inexperienced horsemen-and
women-sandwiched between them and
the better riders who drifted to the
rear to help anyone who might get
Except for the steady downpour of
rain which turned the narrow trail into
a slippery, treacherous path over hill
and dale, the ride to Mencloza was
uneventful, with inexperienced riders
S OCTOBER 6, 1961
such as Miss Elizabeth Rulong, slightly
graving lady from White Plains, N.Y.,
taking the saddle jouncing as well as
chubby, pleasure-loving Michael Pacelli
of Stamford, Conn., and Herman Frasch,
wit and crackerbarrel philosopher of
Gettysburg, Pa., both unfamiliar with
Clothing soaked despite raincoats, the
dripping visitors arrived in Mendoza
shortly before noon to find residents,
teachers, and students crowded under a
gaily decorated bohio at the base of a
small knoll on which the 1-room school
building is perched.
Crowding under the bohio, shaking
water from their caps, hunting for dry
cigarettes, drinking chicha, listening to
a native musical group, and watching
school children in colorful polleras and
other native costume dance the tam-
borito, the visitors laughed at their
sodden clothes and enjoyed themselves,
with John Burkey of Columbus using a
limited knowledge of Spanish to talk
with some of the local residents.
Again there was an exchange of state-
ments, with the Mendoza teachers
thanking Nationwide and CARE for the
help supplied to the school children and
Bob Huff responding on behalf of the
visitors. With the continuing rain making
it imperative to avoid delay in starting
for Cerro Cama, a 3/2-hour ride away,
goodbyes were said and horses which
had been brought from Cerro Cama for
that purpose were accepted in exchange
for those ridden to Mendoza.
Leaving Mendoza at 1 p.m., the trav-
elers appeared somewhat dismayed at
the steady rainfall and the long horse-
back ride over the steep and slippery
trail through the hills, but no one voiced
a desire to turn back. During that diffi-
cult ride, even experienced rider Miss
Peg Berky, described by other members
of the party as the Girl Friday of the
Trenton, N.J., personnel office of Nation-
wide, took a minor spill. (She had an
explanation, though, her saddle came
off the horse.)
And Jose H. Trujillo of La Laguna,
Panamanian guide, translator, and gen-
eral assistant for the trip, took a spill
when his mount slipped and threw him
into a mudbank, which cushioned the
blow to his shoulder. There was an
anxious moment when Miss Rulong's
horse bolted, threatening to throw her,
but mishap was avoided as a Panama-
nian youth familiar with the horse
grabbed the rein and brought him under
control, then led her mount for the
remainder of the trip.
William Nichols, of Columbus, direc-
tor of the Expansion Planning Division
of Nationwide, riding alongside his wife,
Jennie, called a momentary halt at one
point until the single large stream on
Pupils and their elders demonstrated rapt
the route was tested by senior Trujillo.
to determine its depth and the footing
under the water. It was found to be
safe, however, and the journey was
resumed, with Mrs. William Salas,
wife of the CARE Mission Chief, dis-
mounting to cross the stream on foot.
Russell \ileman, personnel manager
from Lynchburg, Va., made the ride
without mishap, only to have a ham-
mock rope break during the night at
Cerro Cama and drop him unceremo-
niusly to the earthen floor of the house
in which male members of the party
spent the night, resting from the
unaccustomed exertions of the day.
As the first arrivals at Cerro Cama
rode into the village square, the steady)
downpour slackened somewhat and
within 15 minutes had virtually stopped.
Those who had brought spare clothes
with them quickly changed, hanging
their rain-sodden garments up to dry.
Those who had not brought dry clothes
were forced to leave their garments on,
letting them dry as they would.
A brief ceremony of appreciation for
interest in the visiting supporters of CARE.
CARE's help was held in the open area
in front of the 3-room Cerro Cama
School, with the Nationwide representa-
tives capping it off by distributing candy
to all the children and Miss Berky being
transformed into a female Pied Piper,
surrounded by laughing, boisterous
children, her own laughter occasionally
rising above the crescendo.
As the early tropical night settled over
Cerro Cama, the visitors went to the
school house to eat a delicious dinner
of arroz con polio by lamplight, laughing
off the more grueling experiences of the
day, but wondering aloud about the
2-hour horseback ride facing them in
After dinner, what seemed to be the
entire village population gathered at a
large bohio with a concrete floor for a
dance program, followed by an open
dance. The Nationwide representatives
danced with a number of the local
residents, after the formal program,
attempting with fair success to learn
native steps and introducing their part-
(See p. 19)
Weary travelers land at Gamboa, pleased and happy despite tiring nature of trip.
7- i: A
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Janet A. Marshall, Paraiso kindergarten teacher, tells class a story.
Wlhat are )-on
doing with that camera?
TUITION-FREE kindergartens for all
non-U.S.-citizen pupils residing in the
Canal Zone are scheduled to become a
reality when Latin American schools
reopen for the new school year in
Governor Carter earlier this year
requested authorization to extend the
tuition-free privilege to non-U.S. pupils
in the Canal Zone. Congress has ap-
proved his request, but stipulated that
any additional costs would have to be
absorbed within the present level of
Beginning July 1, 66 non-U.S.-citizen
pupils who had been paying to attend
kindergartens in Canal Zone Latin
American schools on both sides of the
Isthmus began receiving tuition-free
schooling as a result of Washington's
approval. Prior to this action, and before
July 1, a monthly tuition fee of $2 per
child had been charged for kinder-
garten pupils in the Canal Zone Latin
No additional kindergarten enroll-
ments can be accepted at this time in
the Latin American schools due to lack
of classrooms. It is planned to design
and construct more kindergarten class-
rooms before the May 1962 opening of
the Latin American school term.
Plans now being drawn up by Panama
Canal engineers call for the construc-
tion of two additional schoolrooms in
the Rainbow City Elementary School,
two additional schoolrooms in the Santa
Cruz Elementary School, and conver-
sion of a study hall into two classrooms
at the Paraiso Elementary School, to
accommodate the expected increase of
enrollments in the tuition-free kinder-
gartens. When the additional classrooms
are ready, an increased enrollment of
about 200 non-U.S. kindergarten pupils
is expected in the Canal Zone Latin
Half-day sessions are planned, to
accommodate the expected enrollment,
and the Division of Schools will recruit
six more kindergarten teachers for the
Latin American schools.
10 OCTOBER 6, 1961
Girls make like mothers and housewives during regular play period.
1- ~ i,
Boys are a little noisier than the girls as they make with the maracas.
- i -
They also are a little rougher
They also are a little rougher.
But boys and girls both quiet down as nap time arrives and they rest.
Mrs. Juanita Chen poses with the electroencephalograph at Gorgas.
Schoolbell to Ring for
9or gaJ Zechnician
BECAUSE of her unusual interest and ability in operating
the intricate machines in the electrocardiograph section at
Gorgas Hospital, a youngPanamanian technician has been
sent to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md., to take
a 2-month course of on-the-job training in this field.
Mrs. Juanita Chen was sent to the famous Baltimore
hospital under the training programs sponsored by
the Company-Government to provide employees with
additional knowledge and experience.
In addition to Mrs. Chen's interest and ability, the
Health Bureau authorities who selected her for the
training necessary to operation of the machines in the
section said she had demonstrated an aptitude for the
work during 3 years of apprenticeship in both eleetro-
cardiographic and electroencephalographic work under
Mrs. Enelda Icaza, a graduate technician who studied at
When she returns from her course of training in Balti-
more, Mrs. Chen will he the only technician in Gorgas
Hospital fully qualified to operate the two machines,
Mrs. leaza having left the hospital. The machines are used
to record heart and brain impulses.
Mrs. Chen was born in Nicaragua but has spent most
of her life in Panama and is a Panamanian citizen. She has
been employed at Gorgas Hospital since 1956 and has
been in the electrocardiograph section since 1959.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Some brain-coral, that is.
Un the prowl.
SKINDIVERS in the Canal Zone aind tlit c'l Rlpli ol Panama,
mterctsted in promoting the popular sport on the Isthmus and
simultaneously increasing public knowledge of safe andl
accepted methods of diving hav Iormned a council of the
various Isthmian clubs.
To most non-skindlivers thle sport seiims simple enough,
requiring only as much equ(lipmelnt as the participant may
wish to purchase and combining swimming with other inter-
esting activities. Although most novices-an many of thie more
experienced-skindivers arc' interested primarily in spear-
fishing, there art many other fascinating lholbies whlich may
be pursued unndrwa tr.
Spearman rises to the surface wiith catch, a large red snapper.
These include shell hunting, coral collecting, underwater
geology studv, archaeology, marine biology, underwater
photography, or merely observing the fascinating life below
One of the objectives of the Committee for Council, as the
recently formed group is called, is to help both novices and
experienced divers derive more enjoyment and satisfaction
from the sport.
Those who assumed leadership in formation of the Com-
mittee for Council also are interested in establishing chan-
nels of communication through which information can be
exchanged among skindivers in the area, sponsoring skindiving
tournaments, influencing any legislation which may be under
study concerning skindiving or skindivers, and promoting
safety' in the sport.
The first tournament to be sponsored by the new group will
be held Saturday, October 14, from the west bank of tlhe
Chagres River to the east side of Isla Grande, with checkout
time 6 a.m. and weighing-in time 5 p.m. Teams of no less
than 2 nor more than 3 divers may participate. Base for the
tournament will lie the Club NAutieo Caribe near the old
Cristobal High School athletic field in Colon, where a fish
fry atnd dance will be hell during the evening.
A number of prizes have been obtained which will be
awarded during the evening program, with two of them
especially designated for women divers who participate.
In addition to the normal pleasure-seeking activities of local
skindivers, ai number of them are expected to participate in
a scientific investigation during the months immediately ahead.
Kenneth W. Vinton, local geologist and instructor in geological
seiencies at the Canal Zone Junior College, is seeking the
cooperation of local skindivers to determine exact locations
of certain strata lines in the volcanic rock of offshore, Pacific
islands in this area.
Mr. Vinton's studies are aimed at collecting extensive and
accurate data about the location of the strandlines cut in the
volcanic tuff at various levels, as the seas changed levels over
a period of thousands of years. As he recently observed, "Any
studies of a geological or archaeological nature along shore-
lines constitute an entirely new field of endeavor, as virtually
nothing has been done along these lines."
In discussing his thoughts on this subject in Volume II of
A the Panama Archaeologist, Mr. Vinton said:
"We now live in a mild period following 20,000 years of
fluctuating ice sheets that locked North America in its most
recent icy grip only 7,000 years ago. It naturally follows, that
in an infinite variety of world environments throughout this
time, all classes of men who lived by the margin of the sea,
with cultures ranging from the most primitive to highly
complex, left records of their particular cultural traditions at
ocean levels that are now submerged below the lowest tides
of ousr modern seas.
"Many ancient men seem to have preferred the seacoast
as a place to erect their hovels or their temples, as the case
S n may be, so it is apparent that a vast body of evidence con-
cerning man's early past still lies buried beneath the briny
expanse of our present-day sea.
"The marine depths to which anl inquiring archaeologist
would need to descend in order to study the subject of coastal
mall's early history are uncertain and would also depend upon
hows far baek in time lie wished to probe the records of the
past. The most recent ice advance was a small one, with
relativelNs minor influences on the level of the sea. But, some
18,000 years ago, during the main advance of the Wisconsin
fee Age, the oceans were probably lowered between 200 and
300 feet. Hence, this varying degree of submersion of the
"' habitations of early sea-coast-dwelling man presents a most
discouraging obstacle to the inquiring archaeologist. The
problem is not entirely hopeless, however, for the seashores
tho selves rarely stand still. Where a coastline is sinking, it
onlv serves to make matters worse. When rising, however,
submerged evidences of the past are eventually lifted above
the waves, where they can lie studied by modern man.
"Such is the case in Panama Bay, where former erosional
features andt ocean deposits are rising above the sea at the
rate of .006 feet per year. Here, elevated sea caves and
strandlines mark specific points where the sea paused for an
extended period of time, while it earved these special features
in the interbedded tuffs and lavas. Then it moved on again
at such a rate that its elaborate carvings were left intact."
Mr. Vinton points out that many of these underwater strand-
lines beneath the surface of the Pacific are within reach of a
person trained in tile use of self-contained underwater breath-
ing devices, such as those used by many of the local skindivcrs.
Those lwho join in studying thle shorelines, as suggested by
Mr, Vinton, expect to encounter many problems, the greatest
of which probably will be boats andl equipment, especially
underwater lighting equipment to illuminate the recesses of
caves for measuring and photographing. If these problems can
le overcome local skindivers may find themselves actively
collecting scientific data and opening new vistas for divers
in the years ahead. At any rate, it will be a far different activity
from the spearfishing which is the most common pursuit of
OCTOBER 6, 1961 ti THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13
Iu i... i..c II.. ". I.
ARE YOU A
\slnat happens ii me maren ourns a nnger ana is uroppeu In inls close
Spilled paint thinner, a carelessly tossed cigarette and-whoosh!
lth--a l ce t
Best treatment for a fire like this is a lid to cover the skillet.
FASTIDIOUS housewives who insist on keeping ashtrays
empty by dumping them into the handiest wastebasket may
accomplish more than they bargained for by starting a fire
that'll leave a lot more ashes than were dumped.
Using matches to search for something in a dark closet may
result in a similar situation, with the whole house being lit up
like a blowtorch as a result. Using gasoline, benzine, or other
flammable liquids to clean things may result in a real gone
cleanup by flames.
These are just a few of the many hazards which people
create for themselves through thoughtlessness, carelessness,
or a misplaced sense of daring.
In an effort to educate residents of both the Canal Zone
and the Republic of Panama to these and many other practices
which can and do result in destructive fires, the Canal Zone
Fire Division and the Cuerpo de Bomberos of Panama again
are joining in an annual Fire Prevention Week program. The
observance will be October 8-14 and activities will concentrate
on fire dangers in the home.
Hazardous conditions which may lead to a disastrous fire
can be found in many homes. Accumulations of old newspapers
and magazines are a hazard. Polishing rags tossed into a closet
are another. In the Canal Zone, special care should be taken
to avoid having items come into contact with dry closet
Fire prevention actually is little more than the application
of facts learned in high school physics. Three factors are
necessary for a fire to start and continue: Combustible material,
heat to ignite it, and sufficient oxygen to support combustion.
Eliminate any one of the three and fire is blocked. That is
It is, of course, impossible to always control every situation
in such a way that a fire does not occur. Even under the best
of conditions fires sometimes happen. Fire station personnel
obviously are more fire-conscious than the average person, but
occasionally we read of a fire station catching fire. But that's
no excuse for being unduly careless in our homes.
If, in spite of precautions, you do have a fire in the Canal
Zone, dial 119 and report it, giving the number of the building
and the name of the post or town. Have someone watch for the
responding fire company and direct them to the scene, while
you do whatever you can to bring the fire under control. But,
above all, don't panic. The results of that can be worse than
those from a fire.
14 OCTOBER 6, 1961
Mrs. Laura NI. Suggs, surrounded by examples of her handiwork, makes a flower.
"iF SOMEONE else can do it, so can I,"
is Mrs. Laura NM. Suggs' philosophy
Evidence that she carries out her
precepts ranges from delicate flowers
her hands have fashioned for Canal
Zone brides and their attendants to
colorful utilitarian sewing baskets. What
makes her flowers unusual is that the
original materials once were nurses'
white stockings. As for the sewing
baskets, the major sections are made of
Mrs. Suggs'quarters at 100-2 Murlvin
Place, Gamboa, are small, immaculate,
and sparked with the creative touches
of an artist who sees possibilities of
beauty and usefulness in mundane items
that generally are discarded. Self-taught,
she makes up her own designs as she
goes along. "For," says Mrs. Suggs,
"I could find no books to go by."
The flowers fashioned from silk stock-
ings are Mrs. Suggs' own creation.
Nurses on both sides of the Isthmus,
who know about her hobby, send her
their discarded stockings, since she only
uses white ones. Once she starts to dye
and work with them, the owners would
never recognize their erstwhile hosiery.
With a heaped basket of rainbow colors
before her, Mrs. Suggs soon has nose-
gays of airy, delicate flowers blooming
on the table in front of her as her fingers
give a twist here and snipsnip there.
Some of these flowers are fashioned
into headbands, others become corsages,
and a number of brides have carried
bridal bouquets of flowers which never
wilt, made by Mrs. Suggs'nimble fingers.
Her fingers fashion pot holders on
which roses bloom, each petal separate,
fresh, and perky. On her table she some-
times uses a tablecloth she crocheted in
intricate, lacy design. In one corner of
her living room is an unusual lamp, its
base a replica of a scene in Old Panama.
The lamp-shade is made of a silk scarf,
gay with typical Panamanian scenes.
Ten-piece place sets, to Mrs. Suggs,
are just something to keep her fingers
busy. Crocheting, to her, is nothing
nexw. She's been doing it since she was
a child of nine.
Scraps of material go into her braided
rugs, which feature bright designs in
The Canal Zone has been home to
Mrs. Suggs for some 37 years. She is a
native New Yorker and attended public
school there. Her first look at the Isth-
mus came in July 1924, when she came
here with her husband, who was a car-
penter foreman in the BuildingDivision.
After his retirement in 1948, they
returned to the States. Joe Suggs died
in Texas a year later, and Mrs. Suggs
returned to the Canal Zone. She now is
employed as doorman supervisor at the
Cambon Service Center Theater.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
A RECORD HIGH for the Company/
Government Incentive Awards Program
was reached during fiscal year 1961
when tangible benefits rose to $81,140,
almost four times as much as the $21,365
of fiscal year 1960.
During fiscal year 1961, the Incentive
Awards Committee, which consists of
four top-level executives appointed by
the Governor-President for administra-
tion of the Incentive Awards Program,
received 255 suggestions from within
the agency, 24 from other Federal
departments, and 18 honorary award
recommendations for a total of 297 con-
tributions. In fiscal year 1960, sugges-
tions from within the agency totalled
211; 19 were from other Federal depart-
ments and 22 honorary award recom-
mendations brought the total to 252
contributions. There were 77 approved
contributions in fiscal year 1961, in com-
parison with 71 the previous fiscal year.
Alton White describes current Cut-widening effort during recent talk at Albrook AFB.
Not a Major Leaguer, Perhaps
But a Good Pinch-hitter
Al I? tAII1,
BACK in 1957 a top-level Panama Canal
official, who had been scheduled to
speak before the Instituto Pan-Ameri-
cano in Panama, received a summons
from an even more top-level official in
Washington and asked Alton White,
Chief of the Dredging Division, to take
his place and give the talk, in Spanish.
The Dredging Division Chief has been
giving talks in Spanish ever since.
The subject of that first talk in Spanish
was "An American Living on the Isth-
mus of Panama" and the audience was
a critical one, but highly interested.
Next came a talk in Spanish on the
subject of the United Fund, given before
the Panama Lions Club at the Union
Club in Panama City.
The latest talk in Spanish by Mr. White
was given before faculty and students of
the United States Air Force School for
Latin America. This time his subject was
"Panama and the Panama Canal" and
he was on home ground in more ways
than one. The lecture was given at the
Base Theater at Albrook Air Force
Ba s, which was pumped in place as a
lisdraulic fill by the Dredging Division's
ss cton dredge Las Cruces in 1928. That
drcI oe is at work, but is in Brazil.
C . o its name ii the Canal waters
is the Panan Canal's new sightseeing
launch, Las Cruccs
Mr. White described for the Latin
American Air Force students some of
the history of the Isthmus and touched
on early construction days in the Canal
Zone. In greater detail he discussed
the Cut-widening and current Canal
improvement program. His talk w.as
illustrated by photographs and slides.
Mr. White acquired his proficiency in
Spanish here on the Isthmus. He is a
product of Canal Zone schools, for lhe
arrived on the Isthmus in time to enter
the first grade in Gatun, and he's a
graduate of Balboa High School.
He was born at Pascagoula, Miss., on
the gulf coast. The family moved to the
Canal Zone in 1910, when his father,
D. P. White, entered Panama Canal
service in the Dredging Division. The
latter worked in the same division until
retirement in 1943, the major portion
of the time as Chief Engineer of the
Alton White followed in his father's
footsteps, but as a civil engineer instead
of a marine engineer. le joined the
Dredging Division as a recorder. Going
up the promotion ladder, he was
assistant supervisor in the Dredging
Division in 1935. In 1940 came his
promotion to Supervisor; in 1948, to
Assistant Superintendent; and, in 1950.
to his present job as head of the
,f L ED STATES ARMS
P7 FRGULICK 6 ,U:_
A A^ LFOR IATI AMERICA
THE CANAL Zone Postal Division will
issue a 15-cent Airmail Stamp on Nov-
ember 21, featuring the insignia of the
U.S. Army Caribbean School at Fort
Collectors desiring first-day cancella-
tions may send addressed envelopes,
together with remittance to cover cost
of stamps affixed, to Philatelic Agency,
Balboa Heights, C.Z., with the outside
envelope marked "First Day Cover."
Requests for first day covers must be
postmarked before midnight Novem-
ber 15 and must not include orders for
SATURDAY morning tours of the Isth-
mian waterway, using the Panama Rail-
road and the Canal's new sightseeing
launch Las Cruces, started Septem-
ber 23. The round-trip package tour is
open to the public and arrangements
can be made at any travel agency in
Panama. or at any Panama Railroad
station in the Canal Zone. Entire cost of
the tour is $4 for an adult, $2 for chil-
dren 5 to 12 years of age accompanied
by an adult, and free of charge for
children under 5.
10 OCTOBER 6, 1961
The tour every Saturday combines
railroad transportation to and from the
terminal cities and boat transportation
on the Canal from Gamboa to Pedro
Miguel and return. The Panama train
arrives at Ganmboa at 8:42 a.m., and the
Colon train at 8:46 a.m. The tour party
leaves Gamboa at 8:55 a.m. on board
Las Cruces. The launch will travel
through Gaillard Cut. to and into the
approach to Pedro Miguel Locks, then
will return to Gamboa, arriving in time
to make connections with the 11:32 a.m.
train to Colon and the 11:36 a.m. train
to Panama Station.
QUESTIONS by the dozens arise
whenever a trip is being made, or even
contemplated. But, please, the U.S.
Bureau of Customs in New Orleans asks
of U.S. residents in the Canal Zone, ask
your questions of the Canal Zone Cus-
toms Division, and not New Orleans.
General information pertaining to the
Port of New Orleans is available in the
Canal Zone Customs Division offices in
both Balboa and in Cristobal.
Employees of the Company-Govern-
ment may obtain answers to many of
their questions concerning application
of the U.S. Customs Regulations to
themselves, members of their families,
and personal shipments to or from the
United States by contacting the follow-
ing: Bruce G. Sanders, Jr., Cristobal
Customs, 3-2139; William W. E. Hole,
Balboa Customs,2-2166; B. E. Lowande,
Chief, Customs Division, 2-2628.
At the same time, Canal Zone resi-
dents were reminded that Public Law
87-132, which went into effect on Sep-
tember 9, provides a temporary reduc-
tion from $500 to $100 on the amount
of purchases abroad which a returning
resident may bring into the United
States free of duty. The la\w will be in
effect until July 1, 1963.
A FOUR-MONTH internship in per-
sonnel management was started last
month by William D. Young, position
classification specialist of the Wage and
Classication Division, and Bill L. Ryan,
placement and employee managementre-
lations specialist of the Employment and
Utilization Division, of the Personnel
Bureau. The internship program is con-
ducted in Washington, D.C. and is spon-
sored by the Civil Service Commission.
Robert Jeffrey, Employee Develop-
ment Officer of the Personnel Bureau, re-
cently returned from attending an intern
management program in Washington.
The Panama Canal Company has
been a participant in the internship
program since it began 15 years ago.
WHEN the lights went on again all over
the world, making a World War 11 song
come true, there were still a number of
dark areas left.
One that remained dim for modern
traffic until just a few weeks ago was
on Balboa Road, near the Port Captain's
Building. That's all been changed, how-
ever, with installation of modernized
lighting on both sides of one of the
heaviest traveled street sections in the
The new lights are mercury vapor
type, giving two and a half times more
light than incandescent lamps of the
same wattage. They are a type used
extensively in the United States and
other parts of the world. The standards
are monotube aluminum, with arched
ovaliptic double brackets or, in laymen's
language, gooseneck type.
The old lighting had been adequate
for traffic in the past, but today, with
more vehicular traffic, with activity on
the railroad spur crossings, and with
more pedestrians using the clock areas,
lighting improvement became essential.
The mercury vapor lamps, which are
400-watt color corrected mercury lumi-
naire lamps-to use the proper designa-
tion-have been developed during the
past 10 years.
. .. After
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Miss M. J. Lavallee with "memorandum" addressed to Budget Branch.
FIRST, a Panama Canal Company
memorandum routed to the Budget
Branch of the Comptroller's Office was
cut up and eaten, every scrap of it. Then
the same thing happened to a journal
voucher in the Accounting Division.
Sounds like a bit from a Captain
North mystery, doesn't it? One of those
where the beautiful spy swallows the
top secret evidence.
The evidence here, too, was swal-
lowed. But it never had been classified
"top secret" nor even "confidential." The
only classification possible was "deli-
cious" and neither document ever came
under any security regulation.
The memorandum carefully followed
all the rules of the Company-Govern-
ment's new Correspondence Manual. In
content, however, it was somewhat
different. Instead of approved Form 10
for memorandums, rich chocolate cake
was used. The lettering on the icing
addressed the memorandum to the
Budget Branch, through the Chief,
Budget and Rates Division, and was from
the Student Assistant, Budget Branch.
The subject was given as Personnel
Morale. The message was brief: "Thank
you for a wonderful and unforgetful
summer." It was signed "Mickey," the
nickname for Miss M. J. Lavallee, who
was the student assistant responsible for
the edible memorandum.
The icing lettered journal voucher
made its appearance a few days later
in the Accounting Division. It followed
the approved style of Form 5326, but
the debit column carried the notation
"One wonderful summer" and the credit
column, "A job next year." The total
was "One million thanks." The student
assistants whose names were carried on
the journal voucher were Suzy Hele,
Paulette Elia, Jim Doran, John Kolenda,
Frank Baggott, Barbara Klipper, Carol
Student assistants in Acconunting Division with "journal voucher" prepared for co-workers.
Flenniken, Lacy Hinkle, Mary Anne
Bowen, and Catherine Watson.
The Company. Government's student
assistant program, which started about
20 years ago, has two objectives: To
offer vocational guidance and work
experience for young people, and to
assist the Company/ Government during
the peak vacation period when many
employees are on leave.
A 1961 quota of 110 student assistant-
ships was established this year, to
give temporary employment to students
during the school vacation. Those eligible
this year were graduates of the 1961
class of Balboa and Cristobal High
Schools; fulltime students of the Canal
Zone Junior College, including gradu-
ates of the 1961 class; and fulltime
students in colleges or universities in
the United States who did not expect to
graduate in June 1961 and whose par-
ents reside in Panama or the Canal Zone.
A number of the student assistants
employed this summer were among the
76 students who traveled to the United
States this summer and fall under provi-
sions of recently issued regulations gov-
erning student travel at Government
expense. The regulations have been
published in the Company-Government
In general, they provide certain allow-
ances for educational travel and trans-
portation expenses for the children of
full-time, U.S.-citizen employees of the
Company-Government stationed in the
Canal Zone. Eligible children must be
under 21, unmarried, and enrolled in a
full program of undergraduate academic
instruction leading to a degree from a
college or university in the United States.
Transportation must be authorized
prior to the start of travel, which will
be permitted for not more than one trip
(See p. 23)
OCTOBER 6, 1961
THE ANNUAL campaign for funds to
support activities of 20 United Fund
agencies started September 27 and
already has moved far toward the goal
Like similar efforts in the United
States, this single campaign in the Canal
Zone is designed to save the time of
volunteer workers and to eliminate the
need for a multiplicity of drives to raise
money for the various agencies.
Of the 20 agencies participating in
this year's campaign (there are 21
agencies, if the United Fund itself
is counted as 1) 4 arc concerned with
health activities. They are tle Cancer
Committee, Tuberculosis Association,
the Committee for Aid to Handicapped
Persons, and the Corozal Hospital
Occupational and Recreational Fund.
Four other agencies, concerned with
national and international welfare, re-
ceive token contributions from United
Fund collections. They are International
Social Service, American Social Health
Association, United Seaman's Service,
and National Recreation Association.
Five of the participating agencies are
concerned with recreational activities
for Zone residents, principally service-
men. They are the United Service Organ-
izations (USO), the Balboa Armed
Services YMCA, the Cristobal Armed
Services YMCA, the Jewish Welfare
Board Armed Forces Service Center,
and the Canal Zone Summer Recreation
United Jund c4ency, doahi
American Red Cross, Canal Zone Chapter -----
American Social Health Association_ ----------------
Atlantic Religious Workers Association, Christmas Basket
Balboa Armed Services Y.M.C.A. ---- -- ---
Canal Zone Cancer Committee ___- ___ --_ ------
Canal Zone Committee for Aid to Handicapped Persons _.
Canal Zone Council, Boy Scouts of America ---------
Canal Zone Council, Girl Scouts of America _
Canal Zone Summer Recreation Board, Latin American
Communities -- ------------
Canal Zone Tuberculosis Association _-------------__
Corozal Hospital Recreational and Occupational Therapy
Fund ------------------------------- -
October, with L. A. Ferguson, Director
of the Company Government's Supply
and Community Service Bureau, serving
as campaign chairman. In the Company/
Government organization, Mr. Ferguson
is being assisted by 9 Bureau Chairmen,
54 Division Chairmen, and 593 Keymen,
all volunteer workers on behalf of the
drive. Similar volunteers will conduct
the campaign among those associated
with other agencies on the Zone.
Cristobal Armed Services Y.M.C.A. _ --
International Boy Scouts of the Canal Zone ----
International Girl Scouts of the Canal Zone ______
International Social Service, American Branch, Inc.
Jewish Welfare Board Armed Forces Service Center
National Recreation Association __--
The Salvation Arm ----------------
United Seamen's Service ----
United Service Organizations ---- -
Campaign and Administrative Expenses
TOTAL CAMPAIGN GOAL--- ---
Board of Latin American Communities.
Four agencies sponsor scouting activi-
ties for Zone youngsters, two others, the
Salvation Army and the Atlantic Reli-
gious Workers Association, are devoted
to welfare activities, and the Canal Zone
Chapter, American Red Cross, is dedi-
cated to a wide range of community
The fund drive on behalf of these
agencies will continue through much of
(Continued from p. 9)
ners to NorthAmerican-style dance steps.
The spirits were willing, but the
bodies weren't up to it and the trail-
weary visitors left the dance early,
anxious to rest. The next morning, resi-
dents of the village again served a deli-
cious meal, this time featuring tortillas
and boiled eggs, along with coffee and
The night before, a Cerro Cama resi-
dent who owns an English Land-Rover
and a launch had been hired to carry the
group to the launch-landing, then take
them to Arenosa, thus eliminating the
need for further horseback riding.
Dividing the party into two groups, the
Land-Rover owner took them to the
landing in a 35-minute drive, one-way,
over a trail fully as muddy and rugged
as the one they had followed the day
before on horseback.
From that point, it was easy and
simple, with a 10-minute launch ride
ending at Arenosa, where most of the
village residents came to the shoreline
to welcome the visitors at the dock,
where the Hyacinth II stood in readiness
to return the group to Gamboa.
The sun was bright and warn whcn
the group arrived at Arenosa, but it
disappeared while a brief program was
being carried out in the 2-room school
house and, within minutes, the now'
virtually dry travellers found themselves
separated from the dock by a quarter-
mile of land, with a steady, downpour
of rain again falling.
Deciding it would be best to get
aboard the Hyacinth II and start the
4-hour trip back to Gamboa without
further delay, a meal of tamales, empa-
nadas, and fresh oranges was loaded
aboard the launch and the trip was
started, rain beating down on the craft
and the surface of Gatun Lake whipped
into waves by the wind.
At 4:30 p.m., Sunday, September 17,
the weary but happy members of the
group landed at Gamboa, where they
were met by CARE vehicles which took
them back to Panama City, the Interna-
tional Hotel, a hot bath, and fresh
clothes. All were in agreement that it
had been an unusual experience and one
they would long remember-but no one
seemed anxious to do it again.
TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
(On the basis of total Federal Service)
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
William C. Bailey
Malrcy II. Carpenter
James AM. Hunter
Master, Towboat or Fe y
Gerold E. Cooper
Master, Dipper Dred ,
Ivan Berezowski "
Helper Core Drill Operator
Juan B. Rodriguez
Helper Core Drill Operator
Eugene 1. Askew
ald AM. Morgan
per Lock Operator
1 ha I E. Ottey
Geo ge Peters
I It r Electrician
S LY AND COMMUNITY
'ilfred V. Bartley
Stock Control Clerk
Reuben S. Eversley
Leader Laborer Cleaner
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS BUREAU
Adrian B. Iowell
Office Machine Operator
Elliot C. Thorpe
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Thomas A. Frensley
Mary S. Brigham
Elementary and Secondary
Carrol F. Anderson
Elementary and Secondary
William C. Merwin
Gertrude M. Roberto
Milton W. Canham
Austin E. Salter
Lead Foreman Marine
Sil estre Faro
Leader Navigational Aid
Jose S. Riascos
Floating Plant Oiler
Jose In6s Calornm
Carlos Agustin Lugo
1 lelpjr Plumber
Albert II. Plumer
Hlchigeration and 4ir
Egbert A. Matthews
Charles W. McClean
General Supply Clerk
Jos6 L. Chamizo
C. K. Newhouse
IHead Nurse, Psychiatry
Lorenzo S. Gordon
IIoward II. Smith
Beryl E. Wilson
Richard A. WVillia
Gerald B. Davis
Joseph A. Harris
Mavis 1. Bushell
Clerk-Dicta g c fine
Eric II. Ilenry
Alphonso D. King
E. N. Perriman
Helper Lock Operator
Alphonso A. Pierce
Helper Lock Operator
Kenneth A. McClaren
)esmond II. Maloney
Helper Lock Operator
Ceferino A. Arjona
Floating Plant Oiler
Calvin C. Wilson
Joseph F. Green
Helper Lock Operator
William A. Toward
Towing Locomotive Operator
Helper Lock Operator
Leonard A. Scott
Ielper Lock Operator
eating P .t a Oiler
e rt agallodn
SJ es Smith
| Crane HookmI k
I )ert C. Hurdl
S Y COANIUNITY
Dora de Chen
Cassildra R. Smith
Meat Cutter Assistant
Catherine P. Ambler
Ruth C. Jarvis
Sumner E. Ewing
Lucia E. Parker
Vallan E. Ramsay
Iligh Lift Truck Operator
Myrtle M. Gordon
Sales Section Head
Adina E. Maynard
1. F. Martinez
Oswald A. Sealy
High Lift Truck Operator
Gerald 0. Thorne
Fitz II. Taite
Muriel L. Griffith
Estella A. IIaynes
Retail Store Sales Checker
Loretha R. Perez
Enid AM. Wilson
Reuben M. Reed
General Foreman, Ship
Stephen N. McClean
Iligh Lift Truck Operator
20 OCTOBER 6, 1961
PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
August 10 through September 10
EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between August 10 and Sep-
tember 10 arelisted below. Within-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Ray L. Bunnell, from Substitute Window
Clerk, Postal Division, to Customs Guard,
Carlos A. Vaz, Jr., from Counselor, Latin
American Schools, to Senior lligh Prin-
cipal, Latin American Schools.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Contract and Inspection Division
Leslie O. Anderson, from Supervisory Con-
struction Representative, Building and
Utilities, to General Supervisory Con-
Charles WV. Brown, from Supervisory
Administrative Services Assistant, to
Elmer J. llruska, from Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Clerical Assistant.
Tevia P. de VAsquez, Clerk-Typist, from
Employment and Utilization Division.
Ignatus Paschal, from Toolroom Attendant,
to Surveying Aid.
Serafine Cox, from Helper Machinist, Nlain-
tenance, to Oiler.
Kendrick M. Johnson, from Helper
Machinist, Industrial Division, to Helper
Luis F. Salazar, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Gilbert D. Martin, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Walter J. Grymala, Donald \W. Marlow,
from Chief Engineer, Towboat or Ferry,
to Chief Engineer, Dipper Dredge.
Stanley E. Grant, from Seaman, to Floating
Wesley 1H. Cummings, Leslie A. hurdle,
Robert James, Eric I. Jordan, Preston
Primus, from Seaman, to Floating Equip-
Tomas G6mez R., from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Seaman.
Juan B. Segura, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Kenneth Biddy, Jr., from Waiter, Supply
Division, to Helper Marine Machinist.
Martin Panezo, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Boatman.
Ricardo A. Honeywell, from Bell Boy,
Supply Division, to Mess Attendant.
J. Douglas Lord, from Supervisory Store-
keeping Clerk, Locks Division, to Super-
visory Administrative Services Assistant.
William G. Mummaw, from Lead Foreman
Carpenter, to Lead Buildings Foreman.
Secundino Urefia, from Helper Marine Ma-
chinist, Industrial Division, to Roofer.
Charles R. Corhin, from Laborer, to Helper
Agustin Sanchez, from Laborer, to Heavy
Severino Arrocha, Taurino Rojas, from
Dock Worker, Terminals Division, to
Edna T. Karpinski, from Staff Nurse, to
Director of Nursing, Coco Solo Hospital.
L. Sybil Riesch, Dorothy M. Sousa, from
Stalf Nurse, to Nurse Supervisor, Gorgas
Vincent E. Forbes, from Decontaminating
Equipment Operator, to Truck Driver,
Division of Sanitation.
Laurence Milville, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to Deckhand.
Alfred V. George, Wilfred Williams, from
Seaman, to Leader Seaman.
llenry A. Foulen, Jr., Ezequiel I. Since,
from Deckhand, to Seaman
Michael S. Brzezinski, from Clerk-Typist,
to Accounts Maintenance Clerk.
Patricia MN. Flores, Clerk-Stenographer,
from Motor Transportation Division.
William Kosan, from Operator-Diesel Ma-
chinist, Electrical Division, to Marine
Ephraim J. Bonnette, from Cement Fin-
isher, Maintenance, to Cement Finisher.
James N. Prescott, from Helper Rigger, to
Ilerman Brown, from Heavy Laborer, to
Vernon A. Charles, from Laborer, Railroad
Division, to Helper Machinist.
Wilfred Gardner, from Helper Lock Oper-
ator, to Guard.
Adolph Belden, from Supervisory Clerk, to
Supervisory Storekeeping Clerk.
Edward J. Russell. Jr., from Guard, to
George C. Scheibe, from Leader Lock
Operator, to Lead Foreman, Lock Oper-
Daniel A. Lawson, from Lock Operator
Machinist, to Leader Lock Operator
Arthur L. Lubinski, from Maintenance Ma-
chinist, Maintenance Division, to Lock
Emilio Diaz, from Maintenance Carpenter,
to Leader Maintenance Carpenter.
Charles R. Lewis, from Leader Mainte-
nance Painter, to Leader Painter.
Frederick A. Watson, from Maintenance
Carpenter, to Carpenter.
Ilamilton Blanclard, Cyril A. David, James
A. Jones, King J. Julie, Charles Moses,
Carlos Ospino C.. Marcos F. Rueda,
Frank E. Thomas, from Maintenance
Painter, to Painter.
Thomas Palmer, from Helper Lock Oper-
ator, to Oiler.
Alberto Alvarado, Octavio Arosemena M.,
Nathan Barns. Luther Hurlev, Manuel
Olivares, Rambn Rivera, Sr., Benito To-
rres, Luis Veliz, Jos6 G. Viveros, Rudolph
Young, from Heavy Laborer to Asphalt
or Cement Worker.
Arnold Best, Alvin T. Braham, Oscar New-
land, from Heavy Laborer, to Helper
Cirilo Timana, from Railroad Trackman,
Railroad Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Agripino Rivera, from Dock Worker, Ter-
Ininals Division, to Heavy Laborer.
OFFICE OF TIE COMPTROLLER
Clara C. Baez, from Clerk-Typist, Engi-
neering Division, to Time, Leave, and
Payroll Clerk, Accounting Division.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Clement J. Genis, from Safety Inspector,
to Supervising Safety Inspector, Office
of the Director.
Community Services Division
Robert H. Miller, from Assistant Manager,
Balboa Housing Office, to Housing Pro-
P. Byrne llutchings, from Realty Assistant,
to Manager, Cristobal Iousing Office.
Sylvester E. Smart, from Clerk-Typist, to
lldefonso Ayala, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Laborer.
Joseph II. White, from General Supply
Assistant, to Supervisory General Supply
George S. McCullough, front Lead Fore-
man Maintenanceman, to Equipment
Joln II. Simson, from Retail Store Super-
visor, to Management Technician.
Sumner E. Ewing, from Lumber Inspector,
to Materials Inspector.
Catherine II. G. Jenkins, from Procurement
Clerk, to General Supply Assistant.
Alicia NI. Crasto, from Transportation
Rate and Claims Clerk, to Freight Rate
Rae N. Ebdon, from Clerk, to Transporta-
tion Loss and Damage Claims Examiner.
Celeste C. Powell. from Accounting Clerk,
to Freight Rate Assistant.
Alberta M1. Stone, from Supervisory Ac-
counting Clerk, to Freight Rate Assistant.
Fisher NI. Oltenburg, Edward L. Martens,
from Motion Picture Pro section Equip-
ment Mechanic, to Leader Motion Pic-
ture Projection Equipment Mechanic.
Joseph N. Alleyne, from Timekeeper, to
Luis Mahoney, from Heavy Laborer, to
John N. Joseph, from laintenanceman, to
Rafael Vald6s, from Maintenanceman, to
Felton L. Gill, Jr., from Clerk, to Clerk-
Robert King, from Heavy Laborer, Locks
Division, to Sales Clerk.
Idonia Robinson, from Counter Attendant,
to Sales Clerk.
Agustus Alleyne, Gilberto DaCosta, from
Package Boy, to Sales Clerk.
Jose Dixon F., from Package Boy, to Utility
TomAs G. De Sedas O., from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Heavy Laborer.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Ruth C. Sawyer, from Clerk, Typing, to
Stenography Secretary, Water Transpor-
Archibald Wn. Lecky, from Freight Traffic
Clerk, to Freight Rate Assistant, Panama
(See p. 22)
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Kathleen M. Huffman, from Accounting
Clerk, Typing, Printing Plant, Mount
Hope, to Accounting Clerk.
Algon V. llerdman, from Leader Heavy
Laborer, to Leader Water Service Man.
David A. DeCosta, from Food Service Sales
Checker, Supply Division, to Clerk
Euclid C. Jordan, from Boatman, Locks
Division, to Clerk Checker.
Charles T. Whyte, from Heavy Laborer,
Locks Division, to Clerk Checker.
Lucius Abednego, Evielyn E. Collins, Er-
nesto Davis, Ivanhoe Donawa, Fitz-
herbert Heath, Ivanhoe A. Wilson,
Sidney S. Segovia, from Heavy Laborer,
to \Water Service Man.
Eric A. Bennett, from Ship Worker, to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Miguel Quintero, Nlois6s Trejos M., from
Dock Worker, to High Lift Truck
Alexander A. Cox, Domingo G6ndola B.,
Napoleon Hayans, Jr., Sabino llernain-
dez, Arnold A. McPherson, Francisco
Mojica, Juan Pacheco A., Eliseo Toscano
R., from Dock Worker, to Ship Worker.
Herbert Harrison, from Carman, to Clerk.
Rafael Mendoza P., from Cargo Clerk, to
Edgar W. McLennon, from Heavy Laborer,
to Helper Carman.
Motor Transportation Division
Carmen A. Bieberach, Clerk-Stenographer,
from Magistrate's Court, Cristobal.
Ruben C. Trottman, from Grounds Main-
tenance Equipment Operator, Commu-
nity Services Division, to Upholsterer.
Lemuel A. Hall, from Truck Driver, to
Juan E. Aguilar, from Helper Automotive
Mechanic, to Automotive Mechanic.
Hector Ching A., from Driver-Operator
Firefighter, Fire Division, to Truck
Elmer H. Bennett, Gilberto Norori, Euse-
bio Ortiz, Roy R. Paddy, Nathan B.
Tlomas, from Firefighter, Fire Division.
to Truck Driver.
Arthur P. Lazarus, from Truck Dri\er, to
He:vy Truck Driver.
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Wallace W. Priester, Jr., Leon N. Sharpen-
steen, Leon T. Williams, Admeasurer,
Mildred N. Morrill, Clerical Assistant,
Stenography, Electrical Division.
Gladys E. Napoleon, Clerk-Typist, Main-
Elaine W. Gordon, Library Assistant, Canal
Alice B. Lowcry, Clerk-Typist, Electrical
Arthur L. Shanyfelt, Guard, Locks Division.
Irma V. Pasco, Clerk-Typist, Division of
Arnim R. Green, Stock Control Clerk,
Ferdinand O. Burgess, Clerk, Supply Divi-
Ethel C. Yearwood, Clerk-Typist, Supply
Ernesto Blake, Clerk, Supply Division.
Praxedes Falcon, Surveying Aid, Engincer-
SCommandment for Safety
i'Vzou S a tlt Not i/ill'
WE ARE TAUGHT early in life the
words of the commandment, "Thou
shalt not kill." But we have never been
taught that there is to be a distinction
between killing through carelessness and
premeditation. Is there any difference?
If we kill a person because we sent
an automobile hurtling down a highway
at 65 or 75 miles per hour and had an
accident, doesn't the mandate apply just
as well as if we had shot the same
person? Of course the killing with the
automobile may not have been one of
intention-but it was one in fact.
Unfortunately there are some who
Be Careful -
believe that the area of accident is
amoral and should be outside the field
of man's conscience, except for the
regret of having injured a fellow being.
To test this viewpoint, we need only
answer the question, "Am I my brother's
keeper?" In all modem nations with
proper orders of control, the answer of
the average citizen can only be an
Thus, accident prevention imposes a
dual obligation upon each individual:
The commonsense action of self-preser-
vation and the positive approach of
Not a Statistic
YEAR TO DATE
FIRST AID DISABLING DAY
CASES INJURIES LOS
'61 '60 '61 '60 '61
258 231 9 10 110
2552(397) 2000 94(4) 95 9061(58:
( ) Locks Overhaul inju-ies included in total.
I)ot \ ) copies oIl \IIunics 10 aind
II I l I il P. Uxl\ \ C. A 1 .Ixxx .
S*\4st Ii959 through ul 1961
HI ar a s i.ilable on special order
lo a limited ]l)riod. Orders should
lc K vci\cd b 'forI'v No >in r I, 19(i.
'I']i pri(c, \\ill In $13.5)0 for aeli
look coiltaining Ioth \oluIlis.
The 2.1 issues \\ill be bound in
labl iknidl, \\ itlh Y.(o l stamping (iln tl(
'mis si iilar to pr<" ious limoi d
copi)|is. C(:o\ ]s are a ailabll in r'od,
H aila k, 'i i broi.i )lr hi ll. T l' l -
po|)i ry\ lbizld rs ol bl~ ;'d am]d Iilison
Ico1l, il light blue onl, ir available
at 820 set. 1H eavir temnporary
binill('r of board (nl labrikoid, in
aiark blue onluy, are S3i per stt.
orderss address t d Io lr Snper-
iii tinKl I, 1Printing IPlant, Box 5084,
Sristoball, (C... slhoild lh aiccollpa-
noied 1) a postal monc\ oirdcr or local
I lick. payable to the Treasuirci,
Pl'llania Canal Comipai. (:ompani
Coliernniiiit inits should submllit
IIrdI's t oil 'Frii 6907, Combination
11cquisitiuilI and Shlipping Invok'ie.
OCTOBEn 6, 1961
Notice To Readers
50 Years Ago
HEADING into the last 3 years of work
before the Canal would open, the CANAL
RECORD reported 50 years ago that
150,723,962 cubic yards of material
had been excavated, leaving 44,599,417
cubic yards still to be removed. At the
same time, it was reported that 83 per-
cent of the concrete for Gatun Locks
was in place, 89 percent of that at Pedro
Miguel, and 35.6 percent at Miraflores.
It also was reported that one of the
first permanent buildings to be erected
on the Canal Zone had been authorized
for quarters for the caretaker at Brazos
Brook Reservoir. The building was to be
of concrete and have a tile roof, in con-
trast with the frame buildings with sheet
iron roofs used as Canal quarters. One
story high, the house was to contain a
sitting room, dining room, kitchen and
pantry, two bedrooms, bath, dry room,
and a servant's room and bath.
Total employment at the beginning
of October was reported as 37,315, with
RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of September to the
employees listed below, with their birth-
places, positions, years of Canal service,
and future residence.
Milford K. Bailey, Louisiana; Lead Fore-
man Engineman, Maintenance Division;
19 years, 11 months, 1 day; undecided.
Andrew Bleakley, Vermont; Leader Ship-
fitter, Industrial Division; 31 years,
6 months, 6 days; undecided.
James A. Braid, New York; Dental Labora-
tory Technician, Gorgas Hospital; 15
years, 5 months, 14 days; Arizona.
Samuel A. Brown, Jamaica; Helper Lock
Operator, Locks Division; 24 years, 3
months, 17 days; Jamaica.
William Brown, Nebraska; Assistant to Di-
rector, Canal Zone Government Health
Bureau; 33 years, 3 months, 15 days;
Henry L. Donovan, Massachusetts; Direc-
tor, Canal Zone Civil Affairs Bureau;
31 years, 10 months, 14 days; Florida.
Efrain Escalona, Panama; Supervisory Phar-
macist, Gorgas Hospital; 32 years, 8
months, 10 days; Panama,
Clifford II. Ewing, Florida; Staff Nurse,
Coco Solo Hospital; 18 years, 5 months,
21 days; undecided.
Casey James Hall, South Carolina; Police
Private, Police Division; 21 years, 8
months, 28 days; undecided.
James NI. Hunter, North Carolina; Tow-
boat or Ferry Master, Dredging Division;
27 years, 9 months, 1 day; undecided.
29,623 of those engaged in work on the
Canal and 7,692 of them working on the
Panama Railroad. The total represented
an increase of approximately 2,000 over
the previous month and the similar
period of 1910 and 1909.
25 Years Ago
IMPROVED conditions in world trade
w ere reflected in Canal traffic 25 years
ago this month. Official figures released
at Balboa lleights showed an upward
trend in the number of transit during
September 1936 and that this trend
continued during the first 15 days of
October. The gradual increase in Canal
traffic began in 1935, the report said.
Commercial air traffic between Pan-
ama and the United States was about to
begin on a larger scale. Pan American-
Grace Airways announced that an S-43
clipper ship had arrived at France Field
on October 16 after making the 1,100-
mile hop from Miami in 7 hours and
50 minutes of flying time. Meanwhile,
Cecil Jeff, Nicaragua; Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division; 14 years, 3 months, 19
Isaiah E. Lawrence, Panama; Brakeman,
Railroad Division; 20 years, 1 month,
8 days; Panama.
John L. Miller, Pennsylvania; Lock Oper-
ator Machinist, Locks Division; 21 years,
8 months, 9 days; undecided.
Jos6 D. Oviedo M., Panama; Grounds Main-
tenance Equipment Operator, Commu-
nity Services Division; 14 years, 9
months, 24 days; Panama.
Lachman Singh, India; Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division; 27 years, 10 months,
6 days; Colon.
Oscar E. Townsend, Panama; Leader Sea-
man, Dredging Division; 28 years, 1
month, 16 lays; Panama.
Arie T. Van Gelder, Holland; Chief Engi-
neer, Towboat or Ferry, Dredging Divi-
sion; 26 years, 5 months, 18 days;
Miguel Villareal, Panama; Surveying Aid,
Engineering Division; 32 years, 4 months,
5 days; Panama.
Winthrop H. Havenor, who retired
in July after 33 years of service with the
Canal organization, was Administrative
Officer and Assistant Comptroller of the
New York office at the time of his retire-
ment, having been promoted 4V2 months
earlier from his position as Assistant
Chief, New York Accounting Office, the
title attributed to him by THE REVIEW
at the time of his retirement.
Pan American Airways was given a
permit to engage in intra-Canal Zone
air commerce between France Field on
the Atlantic side and Albrook on the
Dr. Juan Dem6stenes Arosemena took
office as President of Panama, succeed-
ing Dr. Harmodio Arias. The new Presi-
dent received congratulations from Canal
Zone Governor C. S. Ridley, who said
he knew that cordial and friendly rela-
tions would continue between the people
of Panama and those of the Canal Zone.
10 Years Ago
PAY INCREASES went into effect in
the Canal Zone 10 years ago this month
as President Truman signed legislation
increasing the salaries of 1,100,000
Federal employees by $300 to $800 per
year. The President also signed a bill
increasing the salaries of most postal
workers and it was reported that raises
for firefighters and teachers were to
become effective soon.
In Panama, Col. Jos6 A. Rem6n, Chief
of the Panama National Police, accepted
nomination as a candidate for the Presi-
dency of the Republic for the elections
to be held in 1952.
One Year Ago
THE FIRST of the three new tugboats
ordered for use in the Canal and its
terminal ports was launched a year ago
by the Diamond Shipbuilding Co. at its
yards in Savanah, Ca. At the time, it was
announced that arrangements were being
made for the earl' return to the Canal
Zone of the dipper dredge Paraiso, which
had been used for 3 years on the St.
They Ate The Evidence
(Continued from p. 18)
each way during the full course of acad-
emic instruction. The first half of the
single round-trip must originate in the
Canal Zone and the child must have
been outside the United States at least
45 consecutive days prior to departure
for the States. The 45-day requirement
is not applicable when transportation to
the Canal Zone within the 45-day period
was not at Government expense.
Complete details concerning the regu-
lations, which provide for payment of
per diem in addition to transportation
expenses, may be obtained from the
Transportation Section at Balboa Heights.
TiHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
THE WINTER cruise season is just
around the corner, as indicated by a
preliminary roundup of the cruise ships
scheduled to call at Canal ports during
the next few months.
C. B. Fenton & Co. reports it will
handle six cruise liners making 17 visits
to the Isthmus between October 1961
and April 1962. First to arrive will be
the Swedish American luxury liner Grip-
sholm, due in Cristobal October 28 on a
Caribbean cruise. The same ship will
return to the Canal January 23 on a
round-South America cruise and will
dock in Balboa before starting around
Other cruise vessels represented by
Fenton & Co. due here during the season
are the Hamburg-Atlantic Line's Han-
seatic, arriving here from Miami on
November 6 on a Caribbean cruise; the
Stella Polaris, due March 1; the Home
Line's Homeric, due January 24; and the
Bianca C. and Franca C., two Atlantic
Cruise Line ships, each of which will
make several calls here.
The longest stopover at Cristobal will
be made by the well known Stella
Polaris, a small luxury ship built espe-
cially for cruising. This vessel will arrive
from New Orleans on March 1 and will
remain in Cristobal until March 3.
SEVEN visits to the Canal will be made
during 1962 by round-the-world vessels
operated by the P & 0 Orient Line,
according to Norton Lilly, which repre-
sents the line on the Isthmus. The ships,
all scheduled to transit, are the Oriana,
new (queen of the P & O rient Line,
the Himalaya, Ibeiia, and Orsova. Each
will carry more than 1,000 passengers
and each vessel will dock at both Cris-
tobal and Balboa, thus giving pas-
sengers sufficient time to disembark and
visit points of interest in Panama and
the Canal Zone.
According to the advance schedule,
the ships due in Balboa from the west
coast of the United States en route to
England via the West Indies are the
Orsora, May. 9; Himalaya, July 6;
Oriana, July 21; Orsoca,October 29; and
Iberia, December 10. Due at Cristobal
fronm England en route to the west coast
and far cast are the Orsora on August 29,
and the Ilimalaya in September.
New Japanese Vessels
A NEW SHIP, the Iampton Maru,
which \\w;s built this year in the Mitsu-
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOINC
VIESSEI.S IN At,'l(T'U
C'omnmnm l clitl
I '.. c .,x,\'mmmmmm( 00
[n nimtle int i l
U.S. C( inninenrit
9 12 9 1
another 20-knot cargo vessel, which, like
the Hampton laru, will replace one of
the line's slower freighters. Wilford &
McKay handle the Mitsubishi ships at
_TOLLS New Philippine Service
4,589,7 S,51,5S6 TIlE START of a new Philippine flag
i.9,709 117,107 service in September between the United
....9 ..11 States and the Philippine Islands has
$4.659,478 S-4,S.8,(i6.) been announced by the Magsaysay
Lines, a newly-formed steamship com-
(O( (loli tons) pany named after famed Philippine
5,364,61S 5,(692,.i71 President Ramon Magsaysay.
SI 1,3t0 159,6 t
5,4415.998 5 C 52129
'Includes tolls on all vessels, o.eain going a.n s alln.
bishi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co.
dockyard for the Mitsubishi Shipping
Co., is due to arrive at Balboa on
November 15 as the first of four new
high-speed vessels being built for Mit-
subishi's New York-Far East service.
The ship will be followed in June with
First ship of the new service to transit
the Canal was the MV Transocean
Shipper, which went through on Sep-
tember 10. She will be followed by the
MV Maria Rosello and the MV Trais-
ocean Merchant, as well as by two
additional sister ships.
On their return trips from New York
the vessels are scheduled to call at
Savannah and gulf ports. C. Fernie &
Co., who represent other Philippine flag
vessels, will be agent here for the new
-44 n I i' *. a a
The Lake Ontario is the newest of 12 Swedish ships which were placed in service last year on
a direct nm between the east coast of Canada and the United States and Australia. The cargo
vessel, which averages 20 knots, took on hunkers at Cristobal during her maiden \voyage
through the Canal. In addition to the Lake Ontario, the service includes the Lake Erie,
another new fast cargo vessel, and 10 other freighters which have become regular customers
of the Canal during the past year. On the voyage from Australia the ships carry frozen meat
and general cargo. On the trip back they carry general cargo. During the summer months,
the ships use the St. Lawrence Seaway and travel as far west as Chicago. Operated by
A. 1. Atlanttrafrik Express Service, the ships have Fenton & Co. as agent at the Canal.
OCTOBER 6, 1961