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DLOC PCANAL



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Panama Canal review
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00053
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights, Republic of Panama
Publication Date: July 1962
Copyright Date: 1969
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00053
Classification: lcc - HE2830.P2 P3
ddc - 386/.445
System ID: UF00097366:00053
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Main
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text
























UNIVERSITY

OF FLORIDA

LIBRARIES


__


I _




















Digitized by the Internet Archive


University


in 2010 with funding from
of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie1212pana








IN THIS ISSUE
Development of Human Resources
New Cristobal Schedule
Improved Library Service
ROTC Units Honored


JVew t.ook in Canal Z


OCK


VHO/SITG MHO/S A.ro. r5
HORAS DE V/SITA 9 A


" Iall" Come
( Article on page 3)


O/ V 1?-7


P _


L








S I iutnt V i i' OsNOlIt ld G(UIILEIUIMO IODOOLFO \VALIDJES
\\ILL ARE: Oticial Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistants:
'Ianua. Canal In formation Officer Published Monthly at Balboa Heights. C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and TOBI BITTEL
\ L. HRISTENSES, Press Officer Printed atthe Printing Plant, Mount . .'Zone \\ILLIAM : i Official ['h...r...i.pl.h
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. Retail Stores, and the Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial Offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights. C. Z.


Cyru.s Aoberts Vance


NEW


STOCKHOLDER


(Crus Roberts Vance,


THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY was to get a new Stock-
holder this month, as Cyrus Roberts Vance, former General
Counsel for the Department of Defense and partner in the
New York City law firm of Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett
assumed office as Secretary of the Army.
Mr. Vance was preparing to take over his new duties as
THE REVIEW prepared to go to press, succeeding Elvis J.
Star, jr., who resigned as Secretary of the Army, effective
Julne 30, to become president of Indiana University.
Named Secretary of the Army by President Kennedy,
Mr. Vance thus continued a career in Government service
which goes back to 1957, when he served as Special Counsel
for the Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee of the
U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services.
The new Stockholder of the Panama Canal Company, a post
he holds in conjunction with his duties as Secretary of the
Army, was born in C.l., l in W. Va., on March 27, 1917.
He was graduated from Kent School in Kent, Conn., and
received a bachelor of arts d(1 r, from Yale University in
1939, with a major in economics. Continuing his studies at
Yale Law School, the new Stockholder received his bachelor
of law degree in 1942.
Upon graduation from law school, he enlisted in the U.S.
Navy's V-7 program and was graduated as an ensign in the
U.S. Naval Reserve in August 1942. During World War II,
he served for 20 months at sea aboard the destroyer Hale,
during which time it performed aircraft carrier escort duty
between Canada and Panama and participated in a number
of active operations in the Pacific area.
As he prepared to assume his new duties, Mr. Vance pro-
vided THE REVIEW with the following statement about his
duties in connection with the Canal Zone:
"I am pleased to act as the representative of the President
of the United States in Canal Zone Government matters and
to serve as Stockholder of the Panama Canal Company.
"I have always shared the intense pride that we all have in
the Panama Canal as a product of American imagination and
I( Iii il, ii skill. The 1, success of the Canal has been made
possible by a half century of cooperation and goodwill
between the United States and the Republic of Panama.
"The invaluable contribution which the Canal has made as
a 'Funnel for World Commerce' is well known, but I am
impressed today with its added ,iln;fib .ii.e in Inter-American
development and friendship. I look forward to my association
with the dedicated men and women, American and Panama-
nian, who operate this vital \ i. I .. and hope that together
we can make a further t .I1,ll Ihit. to a proud legacy."


JULY 6, 1962













S llll
?" ll IFIfh I^*"-
1 .3ji r im


nEU LOOK In



CAnAL zone


AD


THERE'S A NEW LOOK in the Canal Zone. D,.riii.
recent weeks, new emphasis has been placed on the
appearance of the Canal Zone and on the reception of
the visitors who come to see the installations which have
made it a worldwide tourist attraction.
Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., has taken a personal
interest in providing increased attention to the job of
acquainting tourists from afar and local residents with the
engineering and natural wonders of the Zone.
This increased attention includes the formation and
inauguration of a Canal Zone Guide Service of bilingual
local residents, composed of United States citizens and
citizens of the Republic of Panama.
Members of the Guide Service in their distinctive
brown and white uniforms will escort visitors to the
Locks, famous Gaillard Cut, Madden Dam, and other
attractions. They will meet tourists debarking from pas-
senger vessels do,.kiing in Cristobal and Balboa. They
will provide information about the Zone and Panama to


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Supervisor
* of the new Canal
i Zone Guide Service.
' Robert Byrne,
right, and Guide
Fred Berest at
Pedro Miguel Locks
as Canberra
approaches for
transit.













Guide service, center of
interest signs, historical
markers, Canal tours, all
designed to better tell the
Panama Canal story.


























Governor and Mrs.


Isthmian Historical Society President Roger Hackett and Mrs. Amy
McCormick examine historical marker at Governor's house.


-1

(.IS. LAS (R/ CCES

LANDING C


t4.


Fleming greet President and Mrs. Chiari on recent visit to Canal.

all new arrivals or the locally curious. They will meet
individuals (.1lllig at the Administration Building at
Balboa Heights, either as sightseers or on business, a
reception desk having been placed in the rotunda of the
building for this Guide.
The program developed to date also includes the
development and installation of attractive "Center of
interest" signs in both Spanish and English along the
streets and highways of the Canal Zone to alert those
unfamiliar with such points. Silnl.ir signs have been
erected marking "Recreation Sites."
The rich historical lore of the Isthmus where the
oceans were united by the sacrifices, skills, and determi-
nation of dedicated men and women long has been of
interest to professional and amateur historians. Now
manv of the most historic buildings and locations in the
Zone are 1ih ii recognized by attractive, informative
markers.
The Canal's j.igli.i r-i-m launch Las Cruces has been and
will continue to be made available to the increasing flow
of Isthmian visitors. The launch and other facilities of the
Canal .i,.ii/.,tii are being made more readily avail-
able to non-profit groups who wish to see and learn more
about the Canal. Partial transits are O~curring almost
daily, as more and more people direct new attention to
the Isthmian waterway, its installations, and its present
role in world commerce.
While the Canal Zone is busily preparing for increasing
attention to \ iit, a, the Panama Tourist Institute of
the Republic of Panama, headed by this month's REVIEW
"cover girl," \iss Irma Arango, also is stepping up efforts
to attract an increased flow of tourists. The Canal Zone
effort to welcome visitors properly and make them feel
at home is expected to be of direct benefit to Panama's
current program for i ii,',i..Irii tourist business.


JULY 6, 1962


Mrs. 'Roberto F. Chiari at lock controls.





~""~4


,,. . f '/

Governor Fleming with Ovidio Diaz, center, President of the Panamanian Society of
Engineers and Architects, and John D. Hollen, President of the Canal Zone Society
of Professional Engineers, during a partial transit made by the Panamanian group.


There is evidence that tourist visits to Panama are on
the increase. During the first 3 months of 1962 there was
a marked improvement over the two previous tourist
seasons and Panama officials recorded 900 vehicles
arriving at the Costa Iica-Panama border on the Inter-
American Highway during the past dry season month of
February. This is believed to indicate a favorable trailfit
potential on this highway.
An increasing flow of visitors to the Canal Locks also
indicates a growth of local tourist traffic. During the past
11 months, more than 72.000 persons visited Gatun and
Miraflores Locks, with more than 13,000 of them i rl di ii
a tour of the control houses in their visit.
Close cooperation between the Canal's Guide Service
and the Panama Tourist Institute .ilre.d\v has been
initiated. One of the first steps is to be the joint exchange
in training of personnel who meet and attend to the needs
of visitors. Under this program, members of the Guide
Service are expected to attend tra.iiini, classes being held
by the Tourist Institute, and those d.eaing with visitors
to the Republic are expected to attend the classes being
organized for the Canal Zone Guides.
The Canal organization also is expanding its informa-
tional services about the waterway by the use of auto-
matic slide projection equipment telling the Canal story
at a number of locations in Panama and the Zone. The
first of these are being placed at Tocumen Airport,
the Uni\ersity of Panama, and the Panamanian-North
American Institutes in Panama Cit\ and Colon.
The Zone's expanded program to more adequately
welcome visitors is not designed solely for tourists,
however. It also is intended to encourage Zone tours by
those local residents who never have visited the Canal
installation. ilthoutgh tlhe'\t- lived near it much of


Las Cruces i Pedro igue Locks.


Las Cruces in Pedro Miguel Locks.


their lives.
The initiation of the Canal Zone's "new look" is coming
just as the Canal organization prepares to i.in..iirat.- the
first documentary film ever prepared on the waterway
under auspices of the organization itself. Wide distribu-
tion of the film in the United States and throughout South
and Central America will start soon. The film is in both
the English and Spanish lalrn.IL,-v, with bilingual
actors in all roles, led by Carlos \I'it.alb.in well-known
Mexican film star.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5































Guide Mrs. Fanny Hernandez and Robert Byrne, Supervisor
of Guide Service, enjoy view from overlook at Contractors Hill.

\Mill,'ni of 11mdi\ idii.,I are expected to view the docu-
mentary film during the next year or two. Such wide
presentation is expected to generate a new flow of tourists
to the Isthmus, anxious to see and learn more about the
waterway and the Republic through which it carries the
world's commerce from ocean to ocean.
And while the new arrangements ill provide gil-.itt-i
services to Isthmian iit- .r they also will increase the
ease with which local residents may visit and see the
points of interest which have made the Isthmus an inter-
nationally famous tourist attraction, just as it once was
famed as the center of Spanish interests and colonization
in the New World.
The whole point of the increased emphasis on service
to visitors can be summed up simply: You are welcome,
you will be greeted and treated courteously and respect-
fully, and you will leave with new understanding and
knowledge about the 'Tunin, I for World Commerce."











>'" (IA' // *fi-
7
v.." #


Guide Supervisor Byrne describes operation of locks to visiting
Panamanian engineers at Miraflores Locks during partial transit.


Guides Fred Berest and Mrs. Hernandez greet passengers arriving
in Balboa aboard the RaUnitiki as she made her final transit.


JULY 6, 1962










Canal Zone
jobs such
as the Gorgas
Hospital
project provide
training in
new skills for
many local
residents.


TRAINING FOR PROGRESS


IN A SPACE AGE \\ I. 1.1) of rockets
to the moon, men in orbit, transistorized
communications systems, and electronic
brains, it sometimes seems that the only
technical skills which are important are
those of a complex, scientific nature.
This simply is not true.
In the non-industrialized, non-me-
chanized sectors of the world-and even
more so in those sectors where indus-
trialization and mechanization have
reached an advanced stage-it is import-
ant to future development that local
residents learn the techniques which
can contribute to that development.
Literally hundreds and hundreds of
local residents are I: alinig new ways,
new skills, and new attitudes through
employment with the Canal organiza-
tion and contracting firms working for it.
A very limited sampling of these
individuals and their experiences is
given on the succeeding pages. Multiply
these examples many times and vou will
have some idea of the role which the
Canal organization fills on the Isthmus
as a developer of human resources
and skills.
The Canal administration is happy to
be a part of such development and
constantly is looking for new ways to
develop greater efficiency and prodne-

THE P; ~~ ~\\ CANAL REVIEW 7


tivity of its employees, while training
them in new 4kill
Fresh, pure water, for example, is
essential to the protection of public
health in heavily populated districts,
ilhIjdlinr even small villages. To get
such water and assure a continuous
supply of it requires knowledge and
skill. If the water is to be stored, reser-
voirs must be built and the most econ-
omical method of doing so is with heavy
construction equipment. If it is to be
provided from deep wells, someone
must drill the wells.
A number of men who went to work
on the multi-million dollar project to
widen the Panama Canal channel from
300 to 500 feet through the Continental
Divide have acquired skills which can
be utilized in these very areas. And their
,kill, also can be used in much of the
construction work which must take
place to provide l;lih i.i', airports,
seaport facilities, commercial '..i1,Iii
and industrial plants for a gi,,''.il.'
economy.
C.lrIthILtin'l a bridge or a large
:,iliie requires the solution of many
special problems with which skilled
engineers must deal, but such tasks also
require a vast variety of skilled efforts
on the part of workmen.


This they have done on the Thlatcher
Ferry Bridge project and the Ci.,,i
Hospital construction program. \,I, in
both cases, numerous locally hired em-
plo ees have acquired new skills which
will be useful and essential in future
construction jobs on the Isthmus, where
future development will require increas-
ing numbers of skilled workmen who
know their tasks and can do them
rapidly, efficiently, and safely.
Supervision of other men and women
always will be important, despite the
increasing importance of electronic sys-
tems to direct and manage routine tasks.
The supervision and inllr. ., i,,i. i, of
other men and women never is a simple
task, simply because every man and
woman in this \ ,li ii .., d ,, ,rld is differ-
ent, each from Il. .'l ... There are
common principles, however, and these
must be found and taught to super-
visors. Employees of the Panama Canal
in supervisory positions regularly are
trained in new skills to improve their
abilities.
All of these training tasks are being
achieved on the Isthmus by the Canal
.i, mi.',liii. and contractors working
t i, It IFl- individual eases presented
here tell how it is being done.






I{EINALDO MEDIN \ is a graduate of the Panama National
Institute and studied civil engineering at the International W' 4
Schools in Los Angeles. Since graduation from the Los .Xiu hle,
school, he has been employed by the Panama Government -
on the Interamerican Highway, by the Interamerican Geodetic
Snrvey on mapping projects, with local contractors on road
rand ilii construction, and with the Panama Refinery.
Mr. Medina now is employed by L'hihorln Construction Co.
on the Gorgas Hospital project as their senior field engineer
and. .ini. other things, it is his job to see that the four
corners of the big building are in line and that the supporting
columns are straight up and down. There is no doubt in the f
minds of his employers that Mr. Medina knows his business.
His part in the construction of the 8-story hospital building e
will be a new experience in his engineering career, however, .
providing him with valuable experience for future building
construction of this nature. L









RUBEN PETRO is a 28-vear-old native of Bocas del Toro
who went to work on a Chiriqui Land Co. banana plantation
when 17 years of age. He first learned something about
operating hoists and cranes during his 10 years with the
Chiriqui Land Co. This knowledge was put to good use later
when he got a job with A. C. Samford, Inc., a contracting
firm which built houses in La Boca for the Panama Canal
Company. He was employed on the Gorgas Hospital project
as a crane operator and at present is increasing his skill in this
line while working on installation of the chilled water central
a ..air conditioning system. Mr. Petro hopes to have enough
experience after this contract is completed to get a job with
Ithe Canal organization or to earn a spot with a construction
firm which can use his abilities.














JiANi ABAD, a Panamanian engineer who was graduated
froi Massachusetts Institute of Ti ehrmI.oye.d, is employed by
the contractors on the C.il,,a. Hospital construction project
as one of their I,,i1pflr;i consulting engineers to supervise
platcciment of special ifii, im,- steel, used as protection
noaitst earthquakes.
It is a delicate and jrp.ilII i.l 1,) and keeps Mr. Abad
~ost atlv on the alert. It- hi, 'ii,,,, ig the Uhlhorn Construe-
i: Co. (j the hospital project. Mr. Abad also is employed by
o .. ( government as an engineer, but his present duties
a;i ohlti to his total of on-the-jobn experience, an important .
lactor ii o ituire construction jobs.


JULY 6, 1962






MIGUEL ANGEL SAMANIEGO, a carpenter by trade, is
29 years old and a graduate of the Panama Arts and Crafts
SSchool. He was employed in Panama repairing business
machines when he was hired by Fruin, Colnon, LeBoeuf &
D I ia D.,inl-.rt,., to work on construction of the bridge cofferdams
Sin which the base of the concrete bridge piers were built. His
Skill as a carpenter has improved under the expert guidance
.O of the more experienced men with and for whom he has
', worked on the bridge job.
After work on the bridge is completed, he does not expect
to have any trouble finding a job on the Isthmus, using his
new skills and knowledge. His talents range from heavy
construction to light forms of carpenter work, combined with
his previously acquired machine repair. In his spare moments
b he is a member of the Panama Wrestling Team, a fact
-- evidenced by his bulging arm and shoulder muscles.





ANTONIO ACOSTA, a 26-year-old Panamanian from Colon,
has had what Elmer Stevens, bridge project engineer, con-
siders the advantage of learning the rigging art from Walter r
Cathey, one of the heavy construction industry's real experts.
Mr. Acosta also was employed on the substructure contract h
for the bridge, did rigging during the cofferdam and hI idtl .
pier construction, then went on to the superstructure worked
as a sandblaster and painter. i "
His on-the-job training will enable him to qualify for a
number of jobs on the Isthmus following completion of the
bridge. He will be valuable in heavy construction, where
riggers are in demand. He also has experience valuable to a i
stevedore or a lock operator helper and can take on most any
job involving painting or sandblasting, his present specialties. -






FRANCISCO SOTO RANGEL is 32 years old. He took a
correspondence school course in welding and applied for a job
with the substructure contractor on the bridge when the work
began. Like Mr. Samaniego, he worked on the cofferdams and
later on the land and water piers. His application for a job
on the assembly of the framework of the superstructure was
accepted on recommendation of the substructure contractor,
Sand he has been on that project since work was started. He
says that both the high level work and the job in the deep
cofferdams was routine-once he got used to it.
Francisco previously was employed on the Cut-widening
work and by several construction firms in Panama. He recently
applied for a job with the Canal o.l.,ii/.,iiii, and hopes his
training and past experience will enable him to continue in
-some kind of construction work, either in Panama or the
Canal Zone.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






JOSE AL (.t' lfOTORRES o ipates the control 'uL.mml hIi'.11
of an Jng, ,-~l-B.,ul. self-propelled, crawler-type rotary drill:
with hydraulic tower on the Cut-widening work. This is one
S, of the machines he has been taught to us, 1,. ,.l1,. Dl illili,
Corp. under its apprentice training prog.,, 1111 d l ,ld.
shown in rotation, is operated by a ;b,,iiit-ptr-num itt.
compressed air-driven mechanism.
Mr. Torres is one of four apprentice drillers on the cut-
widening work who have learned to operate the complicated
and powerful rotary drills used in the Zone II underwater
drilling. In ding so they have increased their salaries 100 per-
cent, from $1 to $2 an hour, and acquired skills which can
be valuable to them and the Republic of Panama, where
well-drilling operations require such trained individuals.


















KENNETH MOHL, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred A. Mohl of ,. -
Balboa, and Michael Norton, son of Mr. and Mrs. Dale Norton V -"
of Balboa, are student assistants working with Charles McG. ..
Brandl, project engineer on the Cut-widening Project. They W 3
are helping assemble data on underwater blast patterns on the ,,
I-i ,', t. making inventories of supplies, and otherwise assisting -
Mr. Brandl. Young Mohl was graduated from the Canal Zone .
Junior College this year and plans to enter Clemson College
in September. He plans to major in chemistry. Young Norton
is a third-year student in the University of New Mexico, where -
hlie is studying architectural engineering.








--THE 6-CUBIC YARD Lima 2,400 shovel in the foreground
is operated by Andres A. Castillo, locally hired npli, t who
handles the big machine. Mr. Castillo was hired by Foster-
Williams Bros., Inc., as a machine operator on the Cut-
widening project at $1.40 an hour. During his employment
he has mastered the art of operating this monster, the biggest
shovel built by Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corp. His salary now
has increased to almost 100 percent, to $2.75 an hour.
In the background is a Bucyrus-Erie 2,-yard shovel, which
is operated by Savino C. Carreta, a former tractor operator,
who also has been promoted to shovel operator. A number of
._ 'other locally hired pl,.,- on the Cut-widening work also
have been trained in handling other large construction
equipment used on the project and, like Mr. ( ,tillo and
Mr. Carreta, have earned increased p..rates for their
newly-acquired skills.


10 JULY 6, 1%2






\ If I ON; KOURANY, 26-year-old native of Panama, has been
an employee of the Canal organization for the past 5 years
and recently completed his second supervisory training course.
A 1954 graduate of the Panamerican Institute in Panama
Cili Mr. Kouranv is employed at the Corozal cold storage
warehouse of the Supply Division. "
His first supervisory training course was one given to a large
number of Supply and Community Service Bureau personnel
and dealt w ith basic information important to supervisors.
From the first group of which he wans a member, 19 supervisors
including Mr. Kourany, were selected for a more advanced
training course, in which on-the-job problems were presented
and discussed. The second O, completed their course of
instruction and were presented with certificates last month.











EGBERT M. IE !T. 44, has been employed by the Canal
organization for 2M years. He has been with the Maintenance
Division for the past 6 years and now is a supervisor of a
.grounds maintenance crew. Like Mr. Kourany, he attended
-.- Ithe preliminary training course for supervisors, then was
selected to attend the second session. He previously had
S o attended another supervisory course of instruction.
Mr. Best says the courses of instruction have provided him
with much new knowledge about his duties as a supervisor,
vijlo-tlil,- more information about how to deal with the per-
sonnel he supervises. The important man-to-man relationships
S which confront every supervisor were a major part of the latest
training course completed by Mr. Best. He feels he now is
better able to deal with such matters, as a result of the
instruction he has received.





.





PETER NEBLETT, 55, completed his second supervisory
training course recently, along with 19 other supervisors of
the Supply and Community Service Bureau. Mr. Neblett said,
"The training has given me a wider view of the business, how
you should treat employees, and how much you should expect
from them." Starting with the Canal organization as a
in, Ni n112 1 i6 years ago, Mr. Neblett has served as a file clerk,
oIi~lli tih ik. has handled accounts and cash, and is presently
a supervisor in the Balboa BR t.,il Store.
In addition to his job at the Balboa B, t.il St,,i. Mr. Neblett -
plays piano in his own 5-piece combo which was started in A V
1933 as a 12-piece dance band. Other members of the band AV
are Kenneth Brown, Maintenance Division, bass: Wally
Reid, Army employee at Corozal, trumpet; Caleb Williams,
Dimd@ i,.i Division, drums; and SBith.udl Kelly, professional
musician, tenor sax. They have played dates for mn.II' Canal
Zone oIJI:., i.o.tio,. 1


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






p w Of Al ALFREDO GONZALEZ was born in Panama and is a 1959
graduate of the La Salle School in Panama. He attended
Wayne State Teachers College in Wayne, Nebr., on a scholar-
ship, but was forced to return to Panama because of financial
problems at the end of his first year. At the Nebraska college,
he received his tuition free in exchange for tt.dhiing Spanish.
Now a first-year apprentice at the Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Shop in Balboa, he is learning a trade which will
make him a fully qualified air conditioning and refrigeration
journeyman craftsman at the end of his 4-year apprenticeship.
The future air-conditioned comfort of hundreds of Isthmians
very likely will depend upon the skills he now is "learning
while c.irolilg," as all Panama Canal Company apprentices
are paid a starting wage of $1.25 an hour. Their pay increases
annually throughout their apprepticeship.








PEDRO A. 'I\Z(/)\ was born in Santiago de Veraguas and
graduated in 1960 from the Normal School of Santiago. He
applied for apprenticeship training with the Panama
Canal Company and was accepted as a refrigeration and
air-conditioning apprentice. I
He will go into his third year of apprenticeship in July of f
this year. When he completes his training, Mr. Pinz6n hopes
to remain with the Canal no .iir.nition as a journeyman crafts- .
man in his field. If unable to obtain employment immediately,
he probably will continue his studies. One of the educational
benefits which he says his Canal tl.lhing has provided is the
learning of a second l.,lmai.i-EIglilh.










JORGE \11IR Al) was born in Panama 21 years ago and has
.i lived in Panama all his life. His excellent command of English
-was acquired partly at home and partly !\ experience during
his 2 years as an apprentice in the Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Shop. All of his formal schooling, however, has
been in Sp iRih.lmii.. i. schools in Panama, where he
attended public schools and was graduated from the Instituto
Arosemena in Panama City.
His instructors in the apprenticeship call his work in
refrigeration machinery outstanding. He will enter his third
- ear apprenticeship in July and hopes to join the Canal organ-
ization as a journeyman refrigeration and air-conditioning
craftsman after graduation.


12 JULY 6, 1962



























MARCIA DE GRACIA, is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Vir-
gilio de Gracia of Panama. Graduated this year from the Miami
Norland High School in Miami, Fla., Marcia hopes to return
to the United States and college in September to study secre-
tarial science. She is employed in the Field Office of the
Maintenance Division as a student assistant clerk, .i.iini,
actual work experience in the same field she hopes to pursue.


PATRICIA KOCHER, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Kocher
of Balboa, is working in the Treasurer's Office in Ancon. She
was graduated from Balboa High School this year and this is
her first job as a student assistant. She plans to attend Otterbein
C,11,h..,, in Westerville, Ohio, this fall, but believes the work
experience she now is getting will prove I1. i. ,li,. whatever
future use she makes of it.


Student ,Aisstants Pearn, Uoo


SU \1 \ ER VACATION is not all June,
moon and spoon for a good number of
Canal Zone high school graduates and
college students. At least not for those
interested in "learning w\ ni earning"
and who applied for and have been
assigned temporary student assistant
positions with the Panama Canal Conm-
pany/Canal Zone Government.
Applications for employment as Canal
Zone Student Assistants are received
.11d pilou (s d long before schools close.
This \ tr,1. 112 young people have joined
the ri.mk ot Canal Zone employees as
student .iastants. The program is de-
signed tn go\ these u..Sit )i1iiiI people
\iork vxp-erinice and to assist them in
mlet-i tl .itI.li pla iiiiiii lifetime careers.
The C.aiil oI anization's Student Assist-
alnt PI'lou .in is expected to carry its own
\cilght. .ind the student assistants per-
hiiin iIs,.fil and essential work while
l lpuii., I.itli the workloads of the
(ori..irIl.tioit, to which they are assigned
dinIg tli pIak summer leave period
fn ,l 1,II ICular employees.
Ini p it '.-trs, the Student Assistant
Prcogmi.ii opt-ned with a general orienta-
tion This \ear the orientation was
dilt'int.ilizc'd. with each bureau and


independent unit (.1ii11 ii tiii its own
program of familiarization.
The O)tfn.. of the Comptroller started
its own orientation program 3 years ago.
Continuing the program this year, an
orientation lecture is being given each
week for a period of 7 weeks for the
Student Assistants working in the O(fu( 1
of the Comptroller for the first time this
summer. Employees who joined the
Office of the Comptroller d.lirinii the
past year also are given an opportunity
to att-nd the lecture series.
Considered by the Personnel Bureau
to be a model for other units, the
program developed by the Office of
the Comptroller is designed to give a
general picture of the various functions
of the office. The lectures are given by
top officials of the oi m ,i/ ilirii. each
Monday, in the ('Ci i Detense Room of
the Administration Building.
Philip L. Steers, Jr., Comptroller of
the Panama Canal Company Canal
Zone Government, welcomed the stu-
dent assistants. The initial orientation
lecture on "Financial Policies and
Accounting Systems," was given by
Tohn E. Fl-liei. Chief of the .kLLIn.iltiiiiL
Policies and Procedures Staff.
Robert Lessiack, Chief of the BPidLl t


Branch, explained the distinctions
between the Panama Canal C.lIiiI).iii.
and Canal Zone Government budgets.
James L. Fulton, Chief of the Rates
and Analysis Branch, outlined for the
student assistants, 'I.t it -ii.ik ug Policies
and Procedures," explaining the multi-
faceted considerations which are applied
by those in charge. Thomas H. Scott,
Chief Accountant, addressed the group
on 11i, i.1 accounting last Monday.
.. tl,,iiI l.2 the orientation lectures are
generally given on Mondays, one of the
series will be given on Wednesday,
July 11, at Building 365, Ancon, where
the Payroll and Machine Accounting
Branch is located. At that time, Malcolm
A. Johnston, Jr., Chief of the Payroll and
Machine \ i iii[i, T,, Branch, will speak
on I'. ,ill and Machine Accounting
Operations."
On July 16, Jerome E. Steiner, At ting-
Treasurer, will address the student
assistants on "Treasurer's Operations."
This will be followed, on JTil 23, by a
discussion on "Claims," by Harry D.
Raymond Chief of the Claims Branch.
The closing lecture in the series will
be "Internal Auditing" by Albert M.
Jenkins, (hluf of the Internal Audit
Branch.


Tmul P\.1M, CANAL REVIEW






( IllTII\E HAhRRIISOV. d.I.IightLl i \i .,n1d l\f- C \W.
Al. ill',-,, ,,t ii falb ,. i's \H kll 11i .1. ,A st dtr.li t .is'it.nt ill the
Pit Offi 1 til P..ll.IIl i ( .1II I ll. l lltuii ti)nl Office. .A | inor
E.il Flll .i 't.it L .I Ill' i.t\.lli 1 it 11 i111. Ill_ Ill English .ind
S[l.i iilih iL, 1hiL iti ,L ill tli PIt ()hf i( I, I( ite g..theriit, aind
illtlll II l.li, lll '.ll u i l I)1it'll I [t1i- Is. T nI P os ;aM C %\ \L
FiL\,, ".\ .i l e: \ PIL I.\1\ Sh,. i l', \> iltl l '\ lll
E.'I IIt .\. tBL% *'t l ,] i l ft ,oi._ In thi I 'I. I-iljII fnll Plkgi~ 3 i"
it ill, ii i 111 til( Ill


DANIEL DESLONDES, son of Mr. and Mrs. James Des
Londes of Balboa, is a junior at the University of Indiana.
This is his fourth year as a student assistant in the Panama
Canal Student Assistant program. He always has been 1
employed by the Office of the Comptroller and this year is in
the Accounting Department working at general accounting.





KAY FLOWERS, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Flowers of
Ancon, is working as a student assistant at Corozal Hospital.
A 1960 graduate of Balboa High School, she already has
completed her pre-medical school studies at Wake Forest
Cll, N-e. Next fall she will be a first-year medical student at
Bowman Gray School of Medicine of Wake Forest College.
Her work at Corozal has included reviewing case histories of
patients selected for a remotivation project. This and her other IM
duties, like those of may of her fellow student assistants, are
closely related to her chosen field of study.


wr 3
~- ~-a,, i


II .ILL 6 b1962


[E Il Z [E L [ li 1. 1) Il.I i. tlii, i ,it .Mi .1 d \tMi |i11., i. 1
. 1 ,.1 ".I -i I'.I .l . i. .1 fit,, i l, 11 1. ( .I ,i 7Z.1 1. II Ir,
-Il( n -l I % I .. t 1k ,,,, .. n r -.ll i, I.. i. 1 E nip ll), .>.d
li, tl t l ,l ,l.tr ,, I .,I,,I ,ll ..,t, I l .,. lt t. P .- l h i I IC
ltni '.i *val 1 I. tli, k 1i l |I i, l. f III. i lll .I 11 h- l.l .nll, l .
L(I slill 1 1i1, I t'll jb [,1trial t .111iltalit












Honors for



Zone ROTC



Units


Cadet Capt. Frank Reichhart and Miss Nancy Turner, sponsor of Company A, Balboa
High School ROTC, lead company as cadets pass in a brisk inspection performance.


BALBOA AND CRISTOBAL high
school ROTC units again have been
awarded an "Honor School" i itio., by
Headquarters, U.S. Army (C.aili,- ii,. as
a result of the annual formal inspection
conducted in May.
The "Honor School" rating is
awarded to those units of the Junior
Division of ROTC which have main-
tained exceptionally high standards of
military training and discipline during
the school year.
This year's inspection was conducted
by Maj. Lloyd H. Newcomer, Jr., of the
Inspector General's Section, and Capt.
J. M. McCarthy of the G-3 Section,
USARCARIB. The inspection included
all phases of ROTC training.
Each cadet was inspected in ranks,
where he was asked questions pertain-
ing to subjects studied in ROTC and
his personal appearance and rifle also
were inspected. The equipment provided
by the Army for use in training, the
.idiniiili.,inii. facilities, and methods
it ilntii.tiii also were rated by the
in lpi-t,,li, .\ parade was held at each
h l,-rl toi round out the inspection. The
iipt-. tii'. had many complimentary re-
im.nks ti, make about the ROTC pro-
gram in the Canal Zone HKil, Schools.
The Balboa High School ROTC
unit was activated on July 1, 1948. That
fall, the first cadets were enrolled in
the Junior ROTC program. Th-
quality of the unit developed during
this first year resulted in the Balboa
ROTC unit receiving the coveted
"Honor School" designation. The Cris-
tcbhal ROTC unit was organized in
1'131. developed rapidly, and soon was
it i,, Balboa stiff competition.
Sinc-. then, there has been stead\


improvement in the two units, in both
appearance and knowledge. Balboa has
received the d. si ati,.. of "Honor
School" (, i \ year since the unit was
organized and Cristobal has received
it 10 of the 12 years it has been in
existence.
The military science course on the
Junior ROTC level in the Canal Zone
program is designed to give the student
"such military ti.iiiiig, as will be of
benefit and value to him if he should
become a member of the military serv-
ice." Its main purpose, however, is "the
laying of iil, II g.l citizenship within
the student," by teaching principles of
leadership, respect for .lhrl it 'i., and
habits of precision, orderliness, courtesy,
hygiene, and correctness of posture and
deportment.
The 3 years of training normally are
the last years of high school, but the
Army commander here has granted
authority to enroll freshmen in Cris-
tobal High School, provided they meet
all other qualifications and are at least
14 years of age.
First year students are given instruc-
tions in basic military subjects, includ-
ing care of themselves and their
equipment in the field, as well as a
background of leadership.
During the second year of ROTC
ti.inini,. emphasis is placed on training
cadets in the techniques of being
leaders of small units. Each cadet is
given many opportunities to take com-
mand of small groups and lead them in
pursuit of a common goal.
The third year of training is the
climax of a cadet's Junior ROTC
career. During this final year, the
cadets assume greater I-.pin.hiiiti- of


leadership. Senior cadet positions are
filled from this class, and all have an
opportunity to practice the theory they
have been absorbing during their first
years. Instruction in the finer techniques
of leadership, including delegation of
authority and responsibility, and super-
vision of subordinates, highlight this
year's instruction. Third-year cadets
frequently are required to prepare and
teach classes to junior cadet classes.
The third-year cadets thus achieve the
practical experience so necessary to an)
potential leader.
The Cadet Corps is organized to
achieve as much realism as possible.
The program provides cadets with an
opportunity to put into practice the
theory taught in the classroom. The
organization that is found in the Canal
Zone C,,j p; is fashioned closely after
typical Army organizations and the
positions of leadership are similar in
most aspects to those that would be
encountered in an active unit of the
regular service. Basically, the cadets
themselves command the various organ-
izations, with the regular Army staff
serving in a supervisory capacity.
The Canal Zone high school ROTC
units have been commanded by Maj.
Robert E. Whitelaw for the past 2 years.
Major Whitelaw recently was reassigned
to the 1st Battle Group, 20th Infantry,
Fort Kobbe. He has been succeeded by
Maj. Frank T. Currier, formerly in-
structor of military science at Cristobal.
Other members of the present regular
Army staff are, Sfc. Richard R. Golden,
Sfc. James G. Guhlin, Sr., Sgt. Mlltn,
L. Bridges, Sgt. Ambrose Larson,
S. Sgt. Thomas Metcalf, and M. Sgt.
Melvin Blackburn.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







For Vacation Season



Cake



a




rilp


I)ri\ intZ:
I '., 1 k lll.i (.. tIt, kd

I lli.L. v-l"..l' r.\ 11 ie , ,ll t ',
I) I. 't l i r I I


Sri' iinaisin:
t-Ill I I li~ t 1 1 1iii 1 I li.L




SI% imeltion:
K ill.. t ,.-- I lll h l l .
ulit sic[ l d p I




S lit-Ink ': l I i. il .ii I l' It
D ilII I 1 .it l -w >. i l it it %.*p i. ll\

Rere:tion:ii


L.ia I, ,
1 l i k | lit .l I
I'II~k p ,t IIl It,]e


4


A



F



E



T



Y




PAYS


1 F IE Sl t+ I ,, Inlll .l".. Ill3ll1

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li,, t. 'I \,.. i k lnll l. I .. ,l ll p.I I .l
il P I ,',1, It I .I1 I hl 't'.I h . ..
.,IIt tlit l,, 1 ll. 1 t I. l i, f li \ I I .11 1
I. I '., I It. ., n -i. T kl ,,i ,I.,,' in I
1 I. . .l .it .I I l ll Is l i lt
i I t' l d i 1.1.. 111 L Ill 11111 l It' l Illc 1
1 .ll (I I I 1 1 1 I l I\I I I I i II III I .% l ll
I.r i, p, '. lh II ..l I 't '. --.1ll I tl, 'I ,lli t' III


ili IIi L, (ire ree Ir Iliit
t.irele,'s i lil't-li i zi'l rtl-


-ACCIDENTS


FOR
THIS MONTH
AND
THIS YEAR

MAY

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE


I. t .il 11I 1- .1 lit p l l 11 .Ill .t. ii l t
; tt I ,ti. l tl.,l .aLt. -li tjII t li e
.1 1' ,14. Ill .1 1 11. .\ I %ill it 11 1 ll kiiid ,, (it
I. i lh i I i, Il i ll .III 11 |LImI || tiln l t.ll .d ,- ffi C
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.It Ll i. ll' .i L ld ( .iitll i)\ (1li,1\\t 1Il
\\k I. is ir I I. i .Lii 11h 111r. lii d l h
'".lli Ill tt '. I 'l it .ill tlll i li-.I \ Fn
li,, I. 1 ..' tlli il t ,1 kii 11 i h,1 l i li ) Il.in
.ift llpt ll 't %A l.\ il I t t I i l) f-o ilI his
I .i1i.il nlltl 1 .It tili I l.)1 ? H i(v. .I )(ll lt
ll II 1.111 v li Ill-IItsl ]ii Iill .1 slIft.ell Ll.tI
,,i .li ii .,lI l I I tl, ,1 it li \% ii k l t-.h
- lilt l I ll, Ii lli l l ,l s g.' Im, ll[1 IlI .1 ij. S
|Ill i t I ti ln t.IIlh. IIi htioi boat,`


V




FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS
CASES INJURIES LOST
'62 '61 '62 '61 '62 '61
256 237 7 12 237 37817l
1231 181116991 47 63(41 7182 7805.95i
I I LUlck- IIlrhaul Injurl'e, Int'udtd In rural


it 11 6. 1962


Bo.lting:
ti_ t |> I I IfIt' Lll|k l l)t 1 lll I U .it
()hi(t 't.it' .d. 'id Ualtted
I)l.,i t h. u.I
H .,i..- lit'- I -II .eli .islhllihts.
.ill tIl rIi .lll 'lli.l.


KIIll\. i lI .tII p,')hisic, rl plritsl
Fi h ii lng
ll. l n 1111 l.iii l l l inIt il lli). .
\\ .it ll ,11 t I, llt', dll 1 a1t- r ,t th.r
[{ \tlili.iIQ h -_.unLamp hi t-i [ lIfII.' C
1i 0. 11 1,
Ill L.t l Il kll, '\ l. l \% l lh ill d l>) it
Fishing:
KIt l., il hll \\ ith lihn ik,
D .11 t il 1'- I.lIr tlt) 101l
\\ t.1 L 1 l n1 l ,. il -i II\ I- I I.d I t'llsl s JIlld
i it Ill sti't- l hlJ i l ,II. I k, ilt thli '
1\' I
l IIil t h l I l ll.nn11 ,il sp lv t .i\
1I Ifr Ir I .L 1 .i1 _t -- l )l Tihp p lni,
1ll1. l P i i. .ll l


__U


~111111: 1$~.1111~
.1~1111 1)1111~1






Accident prevention is a full-time
.issichnnt it. not just a function for the
convenience of management. It's wise to
apply your industrial safety knu, i 1.wI,
to all of your activities.
Traffic accidents top the list each
year, whether it's vacation season or
not, so it's just common sense to exer-
cise extreme caution on the highways
at all times. Be sure to have your car
checked before "liirtii. the road" for
a few days of relaxation.
When vacationers are t1.i, lii, on
unfamiliar roads, it is well for them to
drive below normal speed, especially
after sundown or when visibility is
limited. Stopplimi, early in the -. i6,-.
before fatigue can become an added
accident factor, is sound advice. A good
nights' sleep and an early start the next
morning will do a lot toward a safe
vacation.
The water claims many lives every
summer-mostly children. Keep the
youngsters under close supervision
and guarded by someone capable of
rescuing them if necessary. Adult
driemnuing usually results from f.itii .
cramps Ie.iiltini- from swimming too
soon after i,,tin,., and di\ ;w, in unfa-
miliar areas. S'.' r;nuniii alone also is
a dangerous pastime.
Too much exercise for non-physical
workers is I...penill' for many vaca-
tion deaths. Eighteen holes of golf,
several hours in the water, and a .IIII
of softball have killed many a fIn-l1. % ili
vacationer who hasn't had that much
exercise in a year. Play in moderation,
rest when tired, and don't try to "live
it up" all in a few days of vacation.
Summer sun has caused more dis-
comfort that any torture weapon ever
devised. And all because we want to be
tan as a lifeguard in about 2 days-in
two 8-hour stretches. Take it in easy
doses and avoid some uncomfortable
nights-as well as possible infection.
Boating's popularity has increased
the number of water injuries and deaths
tremendously in the past 10 years.
Mostly because people don't follow
simple safety rules. Everybody knows
it is unsafe to stand up in a boat or
change places in the middle of a lake,
but the\ still do it. Some make it
successfully-others don't.
Adequate life preservers and fire
extinguishers are almost as important
as having a good skipper on the craft.
Be prepared for all .eiIm Cn.lt-i i -,. and
heed all weather warnings. Don't
gamble with squalls. Know the capacity
of your boat and never exceed it.
These suiigt.tioi;, and the accom-
pan. iin list of vacation safety tips will
go a long way toward assuring you
another vacation-next year.


'









Joe McGoff-Cristobal High School
senior and jump shot artist, averaged
13 points per game this season.

U MMO


. "


Dale Stevens-Selected "Athlete of the
Year" bv Balboa High School coach-
ing staff for value in football, base-
ball, basketball, and track.


















Tom Murphy-Former star in the Syra-
cuse High School league and leading
scorer of the Balboa High School
basketball team.


ALL STARS
THE CANAL ZONE Interscholastic
Basketball teams completed the 1962
season with Balboa High School taking
the championship.
The coaches from Balboa High
School, Cristobal High School, and the
Canal Zone Junior College, recognized
the skill and talent of individual players
by selecting an all-star team. Three
players from Balboa High School, one
from Cristobal High School, and one
from Canal Zone Junior College were
selected for coveted places on the Zone
Interscholastic All-Star Ii li.,11 Team.
The team, tallest to be selected in
many years, was chosen by the coaches
on the basis of :. iii., handling of
positions, sportsmanship, and general
athletic excellence.





AOW-


John \\ainio- Itll'I.L Hi.'hl School
senior and 6-foot, 2-inch, team cap-
tain; v.iII continue his education at
the University of North Carolina.




- -


John D. Cronan-Canal Zone Junior
College team captain; led squad in
rebounds, scored 172 points during
season, for average of 14.3 per game.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW









Mrs. Catherine
Brown,
library branch
coordinator, and
Daniel A. Viafora,
Terminals Division
clerk, assist
patrons of the new
library unit in
Cristobal pier area.
Patrons, left to
right, are
Charles Malmsbury,
Cristiano G6mez,
and
Walter E. Blenman.


etl


pr? j~~





V -


New library unit
in Cristobal is
located at jobsite


"LOS LIBROS. Una clave esencial enl
su porvenir."
This message, attractively lettered on
a sign at the entrance to the Terminals
Division Training Center in the Cris-
tohal pier area, is an inducement for
employees to use books to improve
themselves for the future.
A second sign, in both Spanish and
F,1.lih explains the presence of the
slogan about the value of books. This
second ;'I,, on the opposite side of the
doorway, announces:
"Circulating Library. Reading is fun.
All Panama Canal employees can enjoy
it. Borrow a book for yourself and your
family."
Inside the doorway flanked by the
two signs is the Canal Zone's first mobile
library on a job site. Opened and oper-
ated under supervision of the Canal
Zone Library, the lIhb nI unit is an
initial realization of Governor II 1111n.4's
aim of 1., ;,.iig books and employees

Although the unit has been open only
weeks,, employees of the Telr-
) )iDiision already have checked
out i,:lrid.s of books and magazines
in hoi ,, I, and English.


Daniel Alexander Viafora, a bilingual
file clerk employed by the Terminals
Division, handles the task of checking




Crede Calhoun,
retired Canal
employee
and voracious
reader, selects a
book at the
Main Library
in Ancon.


the books and magaz'im II, .1 ,nd Iut
Taking a special intern iln his lihl.nm
duties, Mr. Viafora it t mIt be(. lminig
t Ii


Ii L 6, 1962


TAKING BOOKS


TO WORKERS






adept at asiitig employees in i.ilkihn
selections, taking notes on books re-
quested and ].,s-iiu, them on to the
Canal Zone Liln,)s, and his other
library duties.
Most popular with the mobile library's
patrons are books on world history,
sports, religion, conduct of life, eti-
quette, and self-improvement. Books
that tell how to speak well, how to relax,
and how to get rid of tensions are in
constant demand and never remain long
on the shelves.
Seventy-five percent of the material
now stocked at the library unit is in
Spanish, but employees want books in
English, too, and borrow them exten-
sively. English books on famous sports
figures are much in demand, as are
those in Spanish in the do-it-yourself
field. Of the latter, the most sought
after are books on carpentry, radio, and
television.
Textbooks for home study of various
subjects, books about the United St.aIh .
and a supply of popular magazines also
are carried at the unit.
Mr. Viafora said the range of interests
of even a single patron often is surpris-
ing. He cited one Spanish-speaking
reader who checked out "El Arte del
Exito," (The Art of Success), "Un
Hombre de Scotland Yard," (A Man
of Scotland Yard) and \lMcl Il, de
Cartas," (Sample Letters).
A stevedore using the library-
"The mobile library brings the books
right here to us," a stevedore said,
explaining why he likes the unit in the
pier area. "I for one don't have to go
home and ch.inge- before going to get
a book to read. Here I stop in at the
library on the way out of the area,
choose my book and can go home to
relax and enjoy it without having to
make a special trip."
The unit in the pier area is open on
Monday, Wednesdays, and Fridays
from 2 to 3:30 p.m. Mrs. Catherine
Brown, branch coordinator for Canal
Zone libraries, supervised establishment
of the unit. A library assistant at the
University of Pittsburgh before coming
to the Canal Zone, Mrs. Brown was
post librarian at Fort Clayton and Fort
Kobbe for about 3 years before joining
the Canal Zone Libi,.I staff several
years ago.
Like all other Zone libraries, the pier
area unit is open to anyone who lives
or works in the Canal Zone. Other
library units operated b,. the Canal Zone
Government include the Cristobal and
Rainbow City branches on the Atlantic
side of the Isthmus, one branch in
Paraiso, and the Main Library in the
Civil Affairs Building in Ancon.

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19


Worth Kn,\ ini.

New Film Ready for Release


THE FIRST documentary film on the
Isthmian waterway ever made under
auspices of the Canal organization has
been completed and soon will be re-
leased for widespread public viewing.
The documentary was made by Bay
State Film Productions, Inc., of Spring-
field, Mass., and prints of it now are
being produced in multiple copies to
provide enough to answer expected
requests for showing throughout the
Western Hemisphere.
With well-known Mexican film star
Carlos Montalban in a leading role, the
documentary has been filmed in both
Ell'li-h and Spanish.
The superb color photography of the
film, the dialogue which describes the
construction, maintenance, and con-


tinted operation of the Isthmian water-
way, and the educational value which
it has is expected to make the film
extremely popular in the United States,
where several million persons are
expected to see it during the next year.
Organizations in the United States
which would like to obtain a copy of
the film for showing should contact
the office of Association Films, Inc.
Addresses are: Broad and Elm, Ridge-
field, N.J.; 561 Hillgrove Ave., La
Grange, Il1.; 799 Stevenson St., San
Francisco 3, Calif; and 1621 Dragon
St., Dallas 7, Tex.
Distribution on the Isthmus will be
handled by the Panama Canal Informa-
tion Office at Balboa Heights, through
which prints also may be purchased for
$125 each.


Case of the Bobbing Beer Bottle


IT WAS JUST an old beer bottle left
fl '..lii' on the foam. And like the old
beer bottle in the song, it had a m-ssage
inside.
In June, 8 months after he had cast
the bottle adrift from the SS Cristobal,
Leo Krziza, Administrative Assistant in
the Motor Transportation Division, got
an answer to the note cast upon the
waves.
Donald D. Ball, a resident of Corpus
Christi, Tex., said he and his wife
recovered the bottle May 19 on Padre
Island, a strip of land bordering the
Texas coast along the Gulf of Mexico.
The writer also sent a map issued by


the U.S. Geological Survey showing the
exact spot where the bottle was found
and the approximate distance it had
traveled. He said the bottle must have
been deposited on the beach recently
because it was near the high tide mark.
Mr. Krziza, who has been heaving
bottles overboard from ships for years-
bottles with messages, that is-said this
was the first time he ever had received
an acknowledgment. He said the bottle
was thrown overboard from the Cristo-
bal last September when the ship was
about 200 miles south of the entrance
to the Mississippi River.


RETIREMENTS


RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of May to the em-
ployees listed below, with their positions
at time of retirement and years of Canal
service:
Priestley L. W. Alleyne, Leader Seaman,
Dredging Division; 46 years, 10 months,
14 days.
Alfred Brameld, Chief Towboat Engineer,
Dr,.'l_.i.- Division; 6 years, 3 months,
4 days.
Benjamin Clarke, deckhand, Navigation
Division; 42 years, 3 months, 25 days.
Clifford Gordon, Stevedore, Terminals Di-
vision; 32 years, 8 months, 26 days.
Nicolas Grenard, Launch Operator, Navi-
gation D1)o i.,n. 34 years, 10 months,
27 days.
John W. B. Hall, Stevedore Foreman, Ter-
minals Division; 27 years, 10 months,
27 days.


Capt. Bernice A. Herring, Dipper Dredge
Master, Dredging Division; 22 years,
3 months, 8 (lays.
James A. Lyons, Junior College Teacher,
Division of Schools; 24 years, 8 months,
14 days.
Archie Manikas, P,,lik ..,.i Police Divi-
sion; 12 years, 9 months, 16 days.
George R. Murra%. Chief Towboat Engi-
neer, N \l ili Division; 20 years,
8 monllh., 2, il 1s.
Philip S. Thornton 'Si,. rint il, ni. 0, r it.
Center Rr.,r-. 1, 1upplh D,,. i,,t, i ,.n..%
10 months.
Lucio Torres, Laborer, Community Serv-
ices Division; 14 years, 2 months, 5 days.
E. H. Turner, Chief Engineer, Electrical
Division; 21 years, 5 ,niirl,. 24 days.
Elphina A. Williams, s.I. C lerk, Supply
Division; 20 vr-irq 2 months, 9 days.
Malcolm H. W illiams, bookbinder, Admin-
istrative Branch; 45 years, 2 months,
18 days.
Phillip Williams, Clerk, Locks I), ri..1.
25 years, 1 month, 13 days.








ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


%1 1)
/ .lJ 1(f


I-L


1M)IINI.t i- CI INE BUREAUl
G.. MI. Jac d1 J .Le %
Fil C h-r Int I itt .k '.uiitiur
oberl .4. rr
INGIN I: Li) / t ll, r .r.ator
CONTTRUCTION I 1 L
IOFFI E F THE
lHermlan II Keeper F THE
I, I Fr.i.iit l.l~ ,,,. COC P OLLER
I)j id J. TI Sai onh
D itr, ii i ti. F.i P r l
\l.,I,,l r',, u"ar, .*,ILI'l r ,I


\1)\11\1 1 II 11 \ 1 I BR 4N( II
Fi.il. i, ( utkel niii


I. 1 II. 4e1111 1



I ,.l s. i.. i ,,, i

(.r111. 1 \1IRi BL'RI.L L
lam ,, %. I (.m ii.
4 liii, 1i li .I 1 .


I I I. il t
(.'Im ( r indrll-ir ill

I' ,, ., .I ,hI i l.


SlRupeI I\I OI ill
11., l 1 dt' Redhead








( 11 it Tl%1t 1u1
l I ) i' I .' I-1.. r ,






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Icuhbeii R. RIlah1111n \llrtrd,) Rodr, iutvr
( I.. .r l i -) kh l... I
1lu li1. I .i1up di le Le.tei A. l cindli '
\ ..,. '. \ ..+.i ih l '. .1 ]. in.. 1 .) k l. .i.
.1..I '.L' I r. E'nieterion Hern.indl e
ILuri \ tii/ l). .hi..I
\..r.i,- .\..-i. il, I I I 11'. N inrris C Bie l'I. in
\lit.l H. ( nllin. \. ir k
C I. ik Felipe Bre'ies
\ u1 111in i de sil.r ld), ,khi ..Il
\iin.... .i \ i.'. i i. Federici h Mendiites
.. .I .i .L I ) .I L .,
Loiuio (.elate
1 4RINE BL'RE li I ili., k., pi r
M.duLit- B. \ik.el Raul V\'iuez
,1 ,,1i 1 E r I ll d r0 I. .
,11it u Ch i. IIiT 1 .. ri
I ,, I I \ I ,( I I I I I:Il"I

l.... i I M. I k ''anuel Bei : '


I ... .. I n ,. D, ,,, r 1Ol \ -\\// .
.., I,,. k l in Bein b.





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'im s 'iT 'l.'l c \1'v't'1 S PLY AMI CO1<)1M ll
,uil,,l', I .'i .. ER. 1 Bl RE 1 l
4 H e' uuu'Ir (E O F TIF Ill









I. i.I .1 ill Rih rd Sh pliP
ld a P rin (h Ii. i F 11n.i1 ( l. 111

l1.i1l,1,in PI . 1i (l.ines d. McD d P Jr.d
wIw a I. h, hI A'.-rrl 'n. I( _l, r I. I,,



C .iiillt:inI.' I .,lit'e SERVI( F BUBE I41
I'... ..t Rn A. %haup


\llimiiu Air.n'n.1 lIame%'. J. McIDade. Jr.
( il. Ill I lilr ,l.. I \ .ill il ll il ir Ir.i p r. ,, i III1 i
( ,.lh l. n Ill hl Blil1, hl L' I..I I lllt I .
I . 1. i,, [i iue \\. % ViiW dhinir
0( I %t.liitlIhnl '.lti. r nor. I (. it. r .1 s tiitlv


..Ir. ., \ ..,I t lil


( I, rk


\ iiinia E. Sigfrid
IT II r
Eteuetl \\. Bowen
I. (0. rk
Dai,' Louise Burke
N.il,- ( Il-rk
Felipe Catul
(. *. .iilil \ ,iiil i n.ir'nI
:. .ut'lmn.I.lt O(.I''rttor
( .1 \rchhold
l ai. r r ( I .. ,er
Elias Loper
[.11h rl i
Julio Marroquil
1 ik.ri r Ciranir
Rulh lemniiull
,. 1 ii. 1 L FIio, S-ri lice
I.illian 1. Joshua
s., ( :1 rk
lileplhiie' Hla\ ood
It, I ill strt .l, Chi l.k:r
lile C. Brown
.,1. (:l. rk
()O eii Francis
RB k. r
Leonardo L6pez
Itilil \\ u..rkir
F. I. Bruatlhaile
('.111i11 I A ltl. IIIJ I 11
'Nls ''n L.. Mood%
( in H., Fhli..kinn
Robhrt Phillips
I tilnit' \\i rkrr

TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
\\ alter F. Allen
Cl.llt li in. C ir o1F Prit idernt
Basil C. Coke
( I k I "T1" I,[it
Hlarold I.. Conrad
I iIlniid Fi Is (;llici r
Hienr W1illiamsn
Br ikL IIl.mh
(;rald R. Fruth
''Inpi r'. I '.iir AL tllnlllltn
A-I.I..tal


2"I t'LI 6. 1962


_~_
___


I













Leave
New Orleans
4 p.m.
July
July' 1
July 2
August
August 2
August 1 3
September' 1
September 2
October
October 2
November
November 2
December 1


Leave
New Orleans
1 p.m.
January
January 2
February
February 1
March
March 1
April
April 1

Leave
New Orleans
4 p.m.
April 3
May 1
May 2
June
June 1
June 2
July
July 1
July' 2
August
August 2
August 3:
September' 1
September 2
October
October 2


Arrive
Cristobal
7 a.m.
July
July
August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October
November
November
December


Arrive
Cristobal
7 a.m.
January
January
February
February
March
March
April
April

Arrive
Cristobal
7 a.m.
May
May
May
June
June
June
July
July
August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October


1963


1 Preference for passage on these ships will be
children of school age traveling with them.

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 21


Leave
Cristobal
3 p.m.
July '
July
August
August
August
September
September
October
October
October
November
December
December


Leave
Cristobal
1 p.m.
January
January
February
February
March
M arch
April
April

Leave
Cristobal
3 p.m.
May
May
May l
June
June
July
July
July
August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October


Arrive
New Orleans
8 a.m.
July 1,
July 2'
August
August 1
August 21
September
September 2
October
October 1
November
November 1'
December
December 2


Arrive
New Orleans
8 a.m.
January 1
February
February 1
March
March 1
March 2
April 1
April 2

Arrive
New Orleans
8 a.m.
May
May 2
May 3
June 1
June 2
July
July 1
July 2
August
August 1
August 2
September
September 2
October
October 1
November


given to teachers and the employees with


Sailing Sckedule of SS Crijtobal


June 1962 through October 1963

SUBJECT TO CHANGE


FRO\I NEW ORLEANS


Former
Reservation
September 22
October 3
October 16
October 30
November 13
November 27


New
Reservation
September 25
October f,
October 9
October 23
November 6
November 26


Schedule


of Cristobal


Revised


THE SCHEDULE of the SS Cristobal,
Company-operated vessel, has been
changed slightly from the schedule pre-
viously announced for the period after
mid-September. Previous plans had
called for the ship to continue its 11-day
roundtrip vacation season schedule
through October, but this was found to
be unnecessary and a 2-week roundtrip
schedule will -.i into effect in mid-
September, as indicated by the listing
below.
At the same time, the Transportation
and Terminals Bureau announced the
complete schedule for the vessel from
early July of this year through Novem-
ber 1 of next year. This schedule is
printed in the accompanying columns,
with sailings on which preference for
passage will he given to teachers and
employees accompanied by school-age
children.









Reservation Changes
FROM CRISTOBAL
Former New
Reservation Reservation
September 16 September 17
September 27 October 1
October 8 October 15
October 22 October 29
Ninln,-i 5 October 2')
November 19 November 15











S\ ill
transit
aire li
tions
listed


J. Pa
Ad
AdI
tivt

Ralph
F.i
cop
Pla

Ralph
Pos

Cyril
smi
Clare
Go

Alfon
Te
Se<
Scd
Juan
S.
La
an(
An
Janet
La
T.
Willir
La
Te
Theli
F.
La
an
An
Cedr
Ze
An
La
Cleli
Tc
El
Te
Cons
an(
ica
ENG
Euca
i',
..,
lite

John
(:1
Joset
r.
F'I





l)i,
ii
Clar


PROMOTIONS AND TR
May 5 through June 5
IOYEES who were promoted or Joseph M. Lavalas, from Fireman, Fhi ..tin r
erred between May 5 and June 5 Plant, to Water Tender, Fl, Iulini Il.an
SbMedardo Quir6s, from General Helper, to
sted below. Within-grade promo- Navigational Aid Worker.
and job reclassifications are not Electrical Division
Joseph F. Green, Domingo D. Hinds, Paul
OFFICE OF THE W. Kramer, Jr., from Marine Machinist,
GOVERNOR-PRESIDENT Industrial Division, to Mechanical Shift
trick Conley, from General Finance Engineer.
iser, Office of the Comptroller, to Kazimierz Bazan, John L. Mason, from
viser, Office of the Comptroller, to Electrician, to Senior Operator, Gen-
ministrative Officer, Assistant Execu- triian to Snior rator n
crating Station.
Secretary. Guillermo Ho, from Shipfitter Appren-
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH twice, Industrial Division, to Electrician
F. L. Blades, from Ph'Iiitii .ip Apprentice.
niiin., tl Operator Trai:in., t, Ph,'lIn- Maintenance Division
ying-Equipment Operator, Primtinz;i Lloyd S. McConnell, from Wood and Steel
nt. Carman, Railroad Division, to Leader
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Joiner.
E. Shuey, from Postal Inspector, to Joseph Granger, from Sandblaster, to
stmaster, First-Class, Postal Division. Painter.
Fire Division Rupert V. Arthur, from Heavy Leader
N. Adamson, from Helper Angle- Laborer, to Leader Asphalt or Cement
ith, Industrial Division, to Fir. fieldltr Worker.
nce C. Hansen, from (1,iI, or.I Arthur G. White, from Line Handler, Locks
nee C. Hansen, t filrom Ch.,, Division, to Helper Painter.
rgas Hospital, to Mir, lirlhtr Mlanuel GonzBlez, Alberto A. NicolAs, from
Division of Schools Heavy Laborer, to Asphalt or Cement
Iso C. Greaves, from Senior High Worker.
acher, Latin American Schools, to Silverio Castillo, from Heavy Laborer, to
condary Teacher, Latin American Helper Maintenance Machinist.
hools. Rudolph V. Myrie, from Waiter, Supply
E. Hoyte, Viola B. Duncan, Harold Division, to Laborer.
Knowles, from Junior Hid. Teacher, Contract and Inspection Division
tin American Schools, i, Elementary
tin Secondary School Teacher, Latin Benjamin Suisman, from Supervisory Con-
erican Schools. struction Inspector, to Supervisory Con-
A. Marshall, from Substitute Teacher, struction Representative.
tin American Schools, to Senior High HEALTH BUREAU
h. h, r. Latin American Schools. Gorgas Hospital
ed E Layne, from Substitute Teacher, Max W. Finley, from Supervisory Funeral
tin American Schools, to Junior High Director, to Funeral Director.
acher, Latin American Schools. Florence A. Smith, from Staff Nurse, to
na L. Lee, Amy E. C. Boyce, Maria Staff Nurse, Medicine and Surgery.
Sanjur, from Elementary Teacher, Charles V. Greene, from \\.Irt.l.,.i, in ,
tin American Schools, to Elementary to Teller.
d Secondary School Teacher, Latin Vicente Ariuz, from Hospital Laborer, to
nerican Schools. Warehouseman.
ic L. Bailey, Sergio A. Ruiz, Elisa A. Enrique Alarc6n, from Laborer, Commu-
ntner, from Substitute Teacher, Latin nity Services Division, to Hospital
ierican Schools, to Secondary Teacher, Laborer.
tin American Schools. Corozal Hospital
ia Campod6nico, from Substitute
acher, Latin American Schools, to Margaret A. Nagy, from Staff Nurse,
ementary and Secondary School Medicine and Surgery, Gorgas Hospital,
acher, Latin American Schools. to Head Nurse, Psychiatry.
tance A. Gallop, Substitute Teacher Berton I. Knight, from St.ir, Lk. Ii.1- Clerk,
d Elementary Teacher, Latin Amer- to Clerk.
in Schools. Palo Seco Leprosarium
INEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Victor A. Thompson, from Truck Driver,
ris E. Carranza, from Cold-Type Corn- to 11 .--, rLe, r. Motor Vehicle Operator.
.;I.- Machine Operator, to Clerk- I.lo'd (.riHfilh. Jr., from I- i,.-'l, r Fire
I 1 ,i,. Machine Transcriber, Engi- Division, to Nursing Assistant.
ering Division. MARINE BUREAU
Dredging Division Navigation Division
F. Runek, from Property and Supply August J. C. Egle, from Towboat or Ferry
erk, to Administrative Assistant. Master, to Pilot-in-Training.
ph C. Gagnon, from Lock Olir rilr Leonard V. McLeod, Constantino Seferlis.
-.i,,, inll ,I1,i.i IL n11d Portable, Locks from Launch Seaman, to Launch
vision, to I)i1q.. r I)redge Mate. Operator.
ence E. Sykes, from Lock Operator Herman A. Cox, from Seaman, to Leader
aitinist, Lotcks Division, to Marine Seaman.
; hinist. Herbert V. Hutchison, from Deckhand, to
o Marin, from Lighthouse Keeper, to Deckhand Boatswain.
.iltr \laintelianceiiln. Esteban Griffith, from Deckhand, to Sea-
Cel ('iiiiI, i.ii. Florentino Jackson, man.
idtim Prestan, itrmi Assistant Light- Gladstone L. King, from Seaman, Dredging
.. Kpvr, to M1aiinteianceman. Division, to Deckhand.


ANSFERS

Prince M. Grant, from Helpir Cure Drill
Operator, Dredging Di\,aion, to Heavy
Laborer.
Leroy Griffiths, Clerk, from Cutonm-, I),%i-
sion.
Industrial Di% ikion
Edward J. Friedrich, fr.in Le.id Furemani
Marine Machinist, to Chief Fortmjn
Marine Machinist.
Rupert E. Ifill, from (u.rd. to (;uard
Supervisor.
Benjamin F. Slaughter, trom \l.inne Ma-
chinist, to Lead For-nm.n \larne MI.a-
chinist.
James L. Sikes, from Apprenltki Pipc'itter,
to Pipefitter.
Earl D. Hines, from Lahor..r Cleaner, to
General Helper.
Earl WA. Alle\ne. from W'arehouwreman,
Eli ti .l Di% i.iii, to He-.ni Laborer.
Ricardo Gordon, from PrlanL.mliiann, Elet-
trical Division, to Lahorer Cle~ainr.
Locks Dh vision
Edwin E. Dorsett, Alfonso Rowland, from
Timekeeper, to Super% i-or Tiniekicepr.
George A. Grant, from Timekeeptr. to
Supervisory Timekeeper and Sprcial
Waiter.
Rodolfo Ayarza, from Deikhand. to Line
Handler.
Uriel M. Martinez, from Line Handler. to
Asphalt and Cement workerr .
Thomas A. Brathwaite. lsidro S.nchez.
from Line Handler, to Helper Lock
Operator.
F6lix Z. Modestin, from Pinsetter. Supply
Division, to Line Handler.
Victor M. Perez, from Dick Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Line Handler.
Pedro P. Duran, from Line Handler, to
Timekeeper.
Bernard J. Craig, Jr., fr..ni Police Pnia.le.
Police Division, to Ci.ird
OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER
Accounting Division
Eugene L. Buonviri, frm Guard. Lock.
Division, to Time, 1.-..'\. and Pa.iroll
Clerk.
Irma V. Pasco, from Cl-rk-T. pist. Di\ vision
of Schools, to Time, Lea.e. and Pa roll
Clerk.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
Richard K. Erbe, from \.inanement An.i-
lyst, Executive Planniwii Staff. to Admin-
istrative ()Ofift-r Offike nf the Director.
Supply Di ision
Phyllis D. Powers, fror. Time. Le.\e. .,nd
Payroll Clerk, Accoullnniii DiiO on. to
Service Center Super% i.nr
Eduardo Galvan, from Mt-..t Cutter Ai. it-
ant, to Optical Workr r.
Andres Griffin, from FI.nd SCr \iie Sales
Checker, to Clerk.
Ines Palmer, from Car fl.,p ti Sale, Clerk.
Agustin Caballero, from Laborer, Dr-dg-
ing Division, to Dain \\' rker.
Arthur S. Davis, from M.IL-.,nger, to Clerk.
Nicomedes Fria, from I ahtbrer Cleaner, to
M *',II ni 'r
Horacio Delgado, from Pa. kame Boy, to
Heavy Laborer.
Clfton O. Bailey, from \\.uter. to He.a\y
Laborer.
Walter G. Campbell, froin I'tility 'Worker,
to Counter Attendant
Pallu E. Jarvis, from Sicn P.antr. to
Leader Painter.
(See p. 23)


22 ]U.v 6. 1962








CANAL



HISTORY


50 Years Ago
RESIDENTS of all Canal Zone towns
from Ancon to Cristobal attended the
celebration of Fourth of July held in
Ancon and Balboa 50 years ago. Most
of the out-of-town people found the
slopes of the hill near the Ancon school-
house ideal for pi'.i. i, ii ., as well as a
good vantage point for the track and
field events held in the forenoon.
During the afternoon, water sports
were held in front of the Panama rail-
road wharf and a baseball game was
played in Ancon. Rain curtailed the
fireworks display but a l.it,_' crowd
attended the dance at the Tivoli.
On the Atlantic side, strict precau-
tions were hri.4,, taken against the
bubonic plague, which existed at that
time in Venezuela and the islands of
Trinidad, Grenada, Cuba, and Puerto


Herbert N. Whittakei. from File Clerk, to
Timekeeper.
Delroy C. Lewis, from Waiter, to Utility
Worker.
Guillermo Archibaldo, from 1iirl.r.. to
Utility Worker.
Hortencio Aranda, from Laborer Cleaner,
to Utillhti Worker.
Ignacio Martin, from Clerk, to Accounts
Maintenance Clerk.
Luis C. Barrios, from Heavy Laborer, to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Toribio Peneda, from Laborer Cleaner, to
Heavy Laborer, Community Service
Division.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Terminals Division
Thomas W. Drohan, Philip A. Hale, Jr.,
Louis B. McGoff, Fred W. Sapp, Milton
E. Stone, from Supervisory C i.-2.. ,-ist-
ant, to Supervisory ( re.. ( -Il. i
Assistant.
Harmond L. Cockburn, from Supervisory
Clerk Checker, to Supervisory Cargo
Checking Assistant.
Lionel I \latPht'ron. lii.i Chief Fore-
man ~t.. .>ni r., I-. r.. ii Stevedore.
John K. Brayton, from General Foreman
Stevedore, to Chief Foreman Stevedore.
Victor Williams, from Leader Stevedore,
to Lead Foreman Stevedore.
Pablo A. Palacios, from Baker, Supply
Division, to Stevedore.
Benjamin Mozo, from Boatman, Engineer-
ing Division, to Stevedore.
Segundo M. Gallo, from Laborer Cleaner,
Community Services Division, to Steve-
dore.
Cayetano Cubilla, Jose Prens, Frank A.
Saunders, from st, ... ir. to Winchman.
Joseph P. Belmo, C.ilbert P. Blackwood,
Fitz H. Ftering. Bernard R. Reid,
Reynold L. Sleai't. Basil A. Thomas,

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 23


Rico. Upon arrival at Colon, all pas-
sengers from plague ports were detained
in the quarantine station for 7 days from
the time the vessel left the infected
port. Vessels calling at Colon were not
allowed to go to the wharf in any of the
plague ports except La Guayra, Vene-
zuela, where a special U.S. health
representative kept the vessels under
strict supervision.

25 Years Ago
FUNDS FOR OPERATION of the
Panama Canal were short 25 years ago
this month as President Roosevelt
ordered a 10 percent cut in the amount
of money immediately. .il .ll.Il for the
operation of the waterway during fiscal
year 1938. Balboa Heights announced
that neither reduction in personnel of


from Clerk Checker, to Cargo Clerk.
Paulino F. Abrahams, from Baggage Room
Worker, to Leader Heavy Laborer.
Eduardo V. Lindsay, fimin l'Uilii\ W\ ker,
Supply ID I'II.,. to L.hl r,.r ('CI, i-r
Railroad Division
Albert L. Pope, from Wood and Steel
Carman, to Inspector.
Sidney Crawford, from Maintenanceman,
to Oiler.
Motor Transportation Division
Jorge JuliAn, from Service Station Attend-
ant, to Truck Driver.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
P'I(O\OTIO NS which did not involve
(hl.r-i, of title follow:
Raoul O. Theriault, Assistant Dirit.li.
Supply and Community Service Bureau.
Dr. Bernardo Granadino, Medical Officer,
General Medicine and Surgery, Coco
Solo Hospital.
Thomas C. Lear, Funeral Director, Gorgas
Hospital.
James N. Doyle, Graduate Intern, Business
\hiniii.tr.litun, Supply and Community
Service Bureau.
Della L. Hancock, Teletypist, Administra-
tive Branch.
Lionel D. Bellamy, Tirmik. p. r. Naviga-
tion Division.
Mavis I. Bushell, Clerk-Dlt itin. Machine
Transcriber, Gorgas Hlipial.il
Ram6n Brenes, Lionel B. Cyrus, Lincoln
E. Tomlinson, Cargo Clerk, Terminals
Division.
Diva D. Reyes, Clerk-Typist, Division of
Schools.
Harold E. Graham, Optical \V.k..rr. Sup-
ply Division.
Ronald P. Holder, Utility Worker, Supply
Division.


the Canal organization nor cuts in the
salaries of the till|l. ci, was anti-
cipated, but that economies would be
made in operational plans.
Pan American Airways started a
12-hour air service between Cristobal
and Miami, with the planes also call-
ing at Ht.i.iiIIiilla, Colombia, and
ki,'>ti,. Jamaica, on a twice-a-week
schedule. The Canal Zone postal divi-
sion authorized the use of a special
cachet for the so-called "sunrise to
sunset" air mail schedule between the
Canal Zone and the United States.
Official figures revealed the Japanese
shipping through the Canal had soared
to a new high during fiscal year 1937.

10 Years Ago
THE PANAMA CANAL (()IMPANY
observed its first birthday under the
new fiscal system for Canal operations
in July, 1'J2'. as official figures showed
that commercial shipping through the
Canal had exceeded the previous all-
time record for a fiscal year by 3.7 per-
cent. Transits of large commercial ships
of 300 Panama Canal net tons or more,
totaled 6,524 for the fiscal year, or 235
more than di-in, the previous record
year of 1929.
A bill was introduced in Congress to
create a new Interoceanic Canals Com-
mission to study the question of inter-
oceanic canals connecting the Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans. The measure would
provide funds for commissioners to
study the construction of a new Panama
Canal of sea-level design and also the
construction and ownership by the
United States of another canal or canals.
The Senate Judiciary Committee re-
commended Senate approval of the
nomination of Judge Guthrie F. Crowe
as U.S. District Judge for the Canal
Zone.

1 Year Ago
EDWARD KENNEDY, 29-year-old
brother of President John F. Kennedy,
visited the Canal Zone last July and
accompanied Gov. W. A. Carter on an
inspection tour of the locks and a partial
transit of the waterway. Another prom-
inent visitor was Adm. Arleigh A.
Burke, former Chief of U.S. Naval
Operations, who called on Governor
Carter at Balboa Heights and received
a Master Key to the Panama Canal.


Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 22)









PPI


(r.race Ship Renamed
I I II. I \\ Grace Liner Santa Mariana,
launched in May at Bethlehem 'rNl cl'
S- Sparrow Point, Md., shipyard by the
"wife of the President of Ecuador, is
*i ,, r il.2 the name of an old (race Line
$ .2 -1 i which is still operated in
i' the Pacific Coast-west coast of South
America trade.
- Due at the Canal early in 1' i' the
new Santa Ma riana is the second of four
new 2'iJ.-ki ir paI.i,' i' -cargo vessels
now imrder constructionn to serve the
1.-|i .11' ir l.1.iirIt Canal Zone, and
west coast of Si itil \ ij. I ., li ade. The
first in, the ,. .i' !. l th l.tiil Magda-
lena. w vhich is due here..in December.
Tl .. ih1 Santa Mariana will continue
to operate on its former run under the
name of Santa Clara, which is also a
venerable Grace Line ship name. The
first Santa Clara operated between the
United States east and west coasts
i ,i l.... the Canal and later from New
York to the west coast of South America
before World War II.
Northern Star in September
A \E \\ LINER on round-the-world
service which carries no cargo and
has acconunodations for approximately
1 ', 1ii I'i. i ,- is in single class accom-
modations will arrive at the Canal on
her maiden \,'..'..r September 12. She
is the nevw Shaw, Savill liner Northern
Cross. Iti1li by the Vickers. \. iiinsItr.
Ltd., at \\ .ik i,-on-Tyne, F.il ind. and
launched last summer, the ship is to
operate in conjunction with the South-
crn Cross on a service which will take
her from EI'rl.m1 around South Africa,
to Australia and New Zealand, and
tl,,i', i' :1,l Panama (anal.
W. Andrews & Co., local agents for
the line, said the ship is to leave England
July 10 and will arrive at It.il,,,i this
fall from New Zealand via Tahiti. On
her maiden trip homeward, she will call
at Curacao and Trinidad. The vessel is
i,'l feet in length, is I nl pli l. i air
conditioned, and is equipped with
closed-circuit television in the public
roons. Like the Southern Cross, the
Ii'' I.. 11;I. machinery and funnel are
situated aft.
IHail and Fairwell
A\ 1 '1 I 1...t .' In maiden voyage
ii a nw ..x . I ., I i ii (Great Britain
ail N\ Zet;alitd and a vnerable pas-
*; V : .


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN MAY
1961 1962
Commercial ............ 1,002 984
U.S. Government ........ 16 16
Free. .................. 13 11
Total............ 1,031 1,011
TOLLS *


Commercial.. $4 'r6 t'6i
I'.S. Government 71,309
Total... 5 5 2i.


x, 124 471

$5,219,736


CARGO*
Commercial. . '1",4 '-2) 6,057,628
U.S. Government 83,918 126,131
Total . 6,037,947 6,183,759
'Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.
Cargo figures are in long tons.

singer ship on her last trip on the same
run made the Canal transit during the
month of June. They were the New
Zealand Shipping Co.'s new Remuera, a
former Cunard liner which was recently
reconditioned for the New Zealand
trade, and the lilnatki which was on
its way back to England to be sold
and scrapped.
The Remuera arrived at Cristobal
June 14 from Southampton and made
the southbound transit en route to New
Zealand by way of Tahiti. She will
replace the Rangitiki and her sister ship,


R,alrit;,th. which also is being retired
from service.
The Rinm..'rki entered the New Zea-
land service in 1929. On her last trip
through the Canal on June 20 she was
presented with a certificate by Governor
Fleming attesting to her 146 transits of
the Isthmian w.tt I'.a\. Capt. Philip
Calcutt, master of the vessel, was to
retire when the ship reached port in
England. A transit certificate also was
presented by Governor Fleming to
Capt. Albert Hocken, Master of the
Rangitata, when she made her last trip
through the Canal in April.

Canberra Transits North
One of the largest ships to be built in
EI,.l.ii.1] since the Queen Mary, and one
ot the largest passenger ships ever to
use the Canal, the liner Canberra made
her first trip through the waterway in
June. Despite her size, 820 feet in length
and 102 feet in beam, the passage
through the locks was made without any
unusual incident. The Canberra arrived
in Balboa from the U.S. west coast
June 10 and docked in Balboa. A group
of local ,fth. .,.l, including Gov. Robert
J. Fl1 iiii,,. Jr., made the trip through
the Canal on the ship. She is seen beljow
at Pedro Miguel Locks with 6 of the
12 towing locomotives which assisted
her through the lock chamber.


24 JULY 6, 1962


SHI 1


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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


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