<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Main
 Back Cover


DLOC PCANAL



PRIVATE ITEM
Digitization of this item is currently in progress.
Panama Canal review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00019
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights, Republic of Panama
Publication Date: October 1963
Copyright Date: 1960
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00019
Classification: lcc - HE2830.P2 P3
ddc - 386/.445
System ID: UF00097366:00019
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text



















UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES


-1



















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalrevie143pana

































1r~


Portrait


of a $765


PANAMA


Idea


^







ROBERT J. I LE'.it.. lit Governor-President
DAVID S. PARKER, Lieutenant Governor
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Panama Canal Information Officer


Official Panama Canal Publication
Publishedimonthly at Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope. C. Z
Distributed free of charge to all Panama Canal Employees


JOSEPH CONNOR, Press Officer
Publications Editors
ROBERT D. KERa and Jouo E. BRICENO
Editonal Assistants
EUNICE RICHARD, TOBI BITEL, and TOMAs A. CuPA


Index


-' V





Big smile surmounts handicap: Gregorio Toribio, at 9 years of age
the "little Mayor of Santa Cruz," and his parents are shown on their
return to the Isthmus after Gregorio was fitted for new artificial
arms at the Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation at West Orange,
N.J. He was born minus these limbs. With an assist from the
Canal Zone Committee for Aid to the Physically Handicapped,
a United Fund agency, Gregorio has won everyone's heart by his
courage and will to learn.



Let's Help "George"

MANY OF US, even those of us who are laziest, often
feel a desire to help someone.
E en more, [hilI-ling many of those not lazy, would
pr, fer to l't George do it."
If you aren't \v. ,illin or able to give the time or effort to
do what vou know should be done, you can at least
help the United Fund be "George."
That '. .i you both help and help salve your conscience.
Only you know how much salving your conscience needs.
There's no question of how much needs to be done.
So, if you shortchange "Ct.iiri-"-the United Fund-
you're rnliiiiini out on yourself, as \,.-Il as on those
who need your help.


World's Biggest Lock ----------_
Teen Territory ----____---____-
Isthmus Industry --------
Got an Idea? _________
Saving from the Top ------
Canal History --- __--__
Anniversaries ---- _____
Promotions and Transfers ____--
School Calendar_________
Shipping___________


.---------- 3
3
---- 4
---------- 6
---------- 8
6
8
10
12
- 13
14
-- ---15
-16


ON OUR COVER: James Brooks of the Terminals Divi-
sion watched checkers working in the Cristobal Freight
House and on the docks and suggested hiring of checkers
to be trained for specific work in the Freight House, thus
permitting higher paid checkers to be used exclusively
on the docks. The suggestion resulted in an estimated
first year savings of $23,000. The Panama Canal is
interested in suggestions from employees and super-
visors ji intlI. Liberal cash awards await helpful, practical
suggestions under the Incentive Awards Program.
Mr. Brooks received $765 for his suggestion For more
on this subject, see pages 8 and 9.


OCTOBER 1963



























Construction work on the half-mile long canal which will connect the Scheldt River to an enormous new lock at Antwerp, Belgium. The
facility will enable passage of vessels up to 100,000 deadweight tons.



World's Biggest Lock For Antwerp


(The following article is based on
one written by JOHN LEVETT, Fal-
mouth, England, which appeared
in a recent issue of the "Marine
Engineering/Log.")
WHAT APPEARS to have clear claim
to the title of being the world's largest
lock is under construction at Antwerp,
Belgium. The lock will measure 1,640
feet in length and 187 feet in width.
Panama Canal lock chambers are 1,000
feet in length and 110 feet in width.
The Antwerp lock will allow vessels
of up to 100,000 deadweight tons to
obtain access to port facilities. This is
approximately double the maximum
tonnage allowable for ships transiting
the Panama Canal.
Part of a vast 10-year port develop-
ment program scheduled for completion
in 1966, the huge new Antwerp lock
will eliminate one of the main obstacles
to heavy shipping there: shallow depth
of the Scheldt River estuary.
In 1956 it was impossible for vessels
of more than 35,000 deadweight tons
to go as far as Antwerp, which is 55
miles from the North Sea. With 35
percent of new vessels under construc-
tion in the world's major shipyards
exceeding 45,000 tons, and 21 percent
exceeding 60,000 tons, it was clear that
if Antwerp was to maintain its world
trading position, work would have to
move rapidly.
Extensive dredging operations for 5


years made it possible for ships of more
than 40,000 tons, including a tanker of
47,500 tons, to tie up at Antwerp
during 1961. More dredging now is
being done on the approaches to the
new lock. Much of the area near the
Antwerp port is a vast moorland waste
composed mainly of barren sand. There
thus are not the problems involved in
the $43.7 million program for widening
of the Panama Canal from 300 to 500
feet at its narrowest parts through
Gaillard Cut. Here, drilling, blasting,
and removal of millions of cubic yards
of rock are necessary, as well as removal
of earth overburden.
Cost of the new Antwerp lock will
be about 1,000 million Belgian francs
($20 million).
A canal half a mile long and wide
enough to allow the simultaneous pass-
ing of four vessels of 30,000 tons links
the new Antwerp lock with the Scheldt
River. The lock gates under construc-
tion in Belgium will weight 1,500 tons.
Panama Canal Lock gate leaves weigh
up to 730 tons.
Main aims of the Antwerp port
development plan are to provide 25
percent more mooring facilities, to bring
the port's capacity for handling ore and
coal up to 12 million tons annually, and
to put nearly 10 miles of waterfront
at the disposal of new industrial estates.
Work already completed has included
construction of a fifth harbor dock and
industrial dock, now fully equipped on


both southern and northern berths,
and an auxiliary dock for tankers of
up to 70,000 tons at the entrance to
the petroleum dock. A total of 175
cranes for the existing docks either have
been delivered or are on order.
Dredging probably will involve the
excavation of more than 13 million
cubic yards of sand and silt, to reach
a water depth of approximately 50 feet.
When the 10-year plan is completed
it is estimated that the capacity of the
harbor will be increased by about 50
percent, and 3,500 new jobs will have
been created in and around the port.
Quay length will be increased by 60
percent to about 50 miles, and the
water area will be doubled. Also, mod-
em equipment will be in use throughout
the dock.
Antwerp now has well over 500
miles of railway track, with more than
600,000 loaded freight wagons handled
every year. By 1966, many more miles
of track will have been laid and freight
handle may rise to around 900,000
wagons.
Road transport to and from Antwerp
to most European capitals will be made
possible through construction of seven
fast motorways, all of which will either
touch Antwerp or pass sufficiently close
to make quick access possible.
Cost of the developments at Antwerp
under the 10-year program is expected
to reach at least 6 billion francs ($120
million).


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW









L


Reluctant stags, or a reluctant work detail? Which-
ever it may be, the beckoning finger means come
forth, choose a partner for a Teen Club record
hop or-perhaps-grah a paint brush and get on
%%ilh whatever job is to be done.


Teen Territory







.t .. and the Coco Solo Town Hall and
_Teen Club.


OCTOBER 1963






ADULTS ARE WELC OME to drop in
for a visit any time the Balboa and
the Coco Solo Teen Clubs are open.
But the membership is made up of
youngsters, 13 to 19 years of age.
Adult councils provide supervision of
Teen Club activities. The teenagers,
however, are encouraged to suggest
programs and to conduct their own
meetings. In fact, the Balboa Teen Club
even has a WTA (We Tackle Anything)
Committee.
Prime objective behind the Teen
Clubs is to provide a gathering place for
the teenagers in the community after
school, after games, weekends and
holidays. Always with responsible adult
supervision.
The adult manager of the Balboa
Teen Club is Joseph Oppenheimer,
retired. Leslie M. Spencer is president
of the Board of Directors. Mrs. Spencer
is secretary. Gerald J. Welch is vice
president and Theodore Melanson is
treasurer.
Something new at the Balboa Teen
Club this year is a Snack Bar. Its
inauguration the first week of school
featured luncheon music by organist
Frankie Azcirraga. The Snack Bar is
open daily from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
The Teen Clubs on both sides of the
Isthmus are self-supporting and efforts
of members and interested supporters
are combined in promoting dances,
card parties and cake sales, the rnorne
to be used for stated Teen Club
objectives.
At the Coco Solo Teen Club, Mrs.
John H. Morin, Mrs. Herbert S. Bell,
Mrs. William K. Morgan, and Mrs.
Roger C. McGough worked with the
club members this past summer in
renovating the club. Tables made from
materials purchased from the club fund
were finished by the members in
mosaic tile designs and one even has
a permanent checkerboard, ready for
instant use.
Right now, on both sides of the Isth-
mus, plans are being made for the
highlight of the October schedule-the
Halloween Dance.
: t


Everything gets stamped these days, even a pretty girl's wrist when she attends a dance
at the Teen Club. The stamp means the entrance fee has been paid and the ink yields easily
to soap and water, once the dance is over.


Above: They're ready, willing and able at
almost any dances but minuets, and waltzes
never seem to lose popularity.









A pickle diet? Pickles afe standard equip-
ment at the snack bar, as accessories, but
not often the main event, as in the
lighter moment at left.


---

~i~i: i;






SI-


NO




DIGA



CAFE

DIGA
CAFE
DURN


The giant roasters shown above have a
capacity of 3,600 pounds an hour. These
push button machines, German-made,
make roasting a fully-automated process.









The packing department, left, showing the
latest in automatic equipment for partial
automation of the plant. All this machinery
is United States-made.


OCTOBER 1963


The home of Cafe Duran on the Trans-Isthmian Highway, Panama City, showing fleet
of trucks and delivery vans. The firm is located just northeast of Manuel Espinosa Avenue
on the south side of the highway.








One of two air conditioned warehouses
used by Caf6 Duran for storage of pre-
selected high quality coffee beans in order
to maintain uniformity of products quality
the year around is shown at right. Special
de-humidifying equipment also is used in
the warehouses.









istltmuj


Anduatry


THE COFFEE produced in Panama is
internationally known for its high
quality, and bulk coffee offerings from
the Republic bring high prices in the
United States and European markets.
For more than half a century, Pan-
amanians, North Americans, and others
living on the Isthmus have savored the
taste of the beverage acclaimed by











F. i


Paul Durin
President of Caf6 Durnm


Durin as its "delicious black nectar."
Durin is the Republic's largest coffee
roasting house.
In 1962 alone, Cafe DurAn purchased
almost a million dollars worth of the
best grade coffee grown in the interior
of Panama. And purchases of coffee
beans are not the only contribution of
the DurAn firm to the national economy.
The company has 49 full-time em-
ployees and an annual payroll of more
than $110,000. An employees' coopera-
tive also operates a bank as an incentive
for savings and to facilitate loans at low
interest rates.
The Duran company was established
April 26, 1907, by Esteban Durin
Amat, who came to Panama from Spain
in the early years of the Republic.
Today, the business is run by the
founder's sons and grandsons. Paul
Durin, a well-known businessman, is
president of the firm. On the board of
directors are Juan Durin, Gerardo
DurAn, Juan Ventura DurAn, Lorenzo
Romagosa DurAn, Paul DurAn, Jr.,
plant manager, and Ricardo DurAn.
The DurAn name is well known in
the Canal Zone aside from coffee. Paul
DurAn, Sr., is. a graduate of Balboa
High School (Class of 1925). Lorenzo
Romagosa Duran followed in his foot-
steps in 1941, Paul Duran, Jr., in 1955,


and Ricardo Durin in 1958. Paul
Durin, Jr. later was graduated from
Annapolis, in 1960.
In its more than half a century of
operations, Caf6 Durin has expanded
substantially. It now operates branch
houses in David, Boquete, Aguadulce,
and Colon, and agencies in other
important points of the Republic.
Offering consumers coffee of the
highest quality has been Cafe Duran's
constant concern since its establishment.
To this end, today it keeps on hand
large stocks of coffee beans in order to
maintain the uniformity of its product's
quality the year around.
To maintain this uniform high
quality, which has been the trade mark
of Durin's coffee for more than 50
years, Caf6 Duran operates a roasting
plant on the Trans-Isthmian Highway
which boasts the best equipment of its
kind in Central America, from machines
that select the most perfect beans to
those which present the finished pro-
duct. The steps enable Caf6 Duran to
provide packaging which not only
conserves the product, but seals it
against alterations.
The company this year marked its
anniversary by inaugurating a bonus
plan among employees based on length
of service.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW













Herbert W. Rose Leila A. Leon
Railroad Division, Cristobal Canal Zone Guide Service


Dave E. White
Supply Division, Cristobal


Meriam G. Glunt
Accounting Division


These Employees Received Cash Awards i


Four Industrial Division employees received a group award from Governor Fleming.
Pictured with the Governor, center, are, left to right, William Badders, John A. Mann,
Carl H. Starke, and Ralph A. Morales. Each received $50. Get together with your
co-workers or supervisors and make a joint suggestion.


Dora De Chen of Supply Division received $150 and a hand-
some certificate for superior service as a cashier at Balboa
retail store. Are you rendering superior service? If so, you too
may receive an honorary award.


IF YOU nEED
A SPECIAL InVITATIOn...
HERE IT IS! Submit your
helpful suggestions today. A
suggestion blank is included with
this copy of The Panama Canal
Review. The idea is what counts.
Submit it in English or Spanish,
good grammar or bad. Style
doesn't matter-just the sugges-
tion to save money or improve
operations for the Panama Canal.
Your supervisor will help you pre-
pare your suggestion. Ask him.


Aubrey Reefer, Cristobal Motor Transportation Division employee, received
$200 as an outstanding garbage truck driver. Outstanding honorary awards
are made once a year under the Incentive Awards Program. A Distinguished
Service Award of $300 and provision for a Lifesaving Award also are,
parts of the program.


rLTh


V


-.,


Ir













r' I1

Harold J. Million Manuelita O. O'Sullivan
Electrical Division Personnel Bureau



-Helpful Suggestions.

















Looking happy with money to pay out is Panama Canal Comptroller
Philip L. Steers, Jr., who also is chairman of the Incentive Awards
Committee. He has funds to reward all worthwhile suggestions.
Mr. Steers says he would like some really important cost reduction
suggestions for which he could pay employees several hundred
dollars apiece. Have you submitted your idea? Every suggestion
receives impartial consideration.
.--


WANTED



SUGAESTi~NS
O OR



COST REDV TION

BIG REWARD


Lorenzo Holder Raymond R. Will
Coco Solo Hospital Port Captain's Office, Cristobal



How About You?


Roy A. Watson,
Coco Solo Hospital,
looks happy as he
receives an employee
suggestion cash
award from
Governor Fleming.
Some employees
have received several
awards and one
man who has
collected
10 award checks still
is sending
in suggestions.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


4




















An orderly number system is used to take care of Cristobal Credit committee at work: A
Federal Credit Union customers. Herman Watson, treasurer Lawrence, vice president, T.
sealedd. processes a loan card as Oscar A. A. Babb, member and Louis Small, treasurer,
of the credit committee and loan officer, looks on. Each request. Many credit union
customer, on entering the office, takes a number and then is Boatswain, who retired 9 ye
seated until his number is called. 35 ye


Proclamation

CREDIT UNION DAY OCTOBER 17, 1963

Whereas the Credit Union Movement is now in the Second Century of Service; and
Whereas the Credit Union Members throughout the world will celebrate
International Credit Union Day on Thursday, October 17, 1963; and
W'\ r, a Credit Unions provide an invaluable means whereby people may pool
their savings and assist themselves to fill their needs for credit at low cost; and
Whereas Credit L'nions have proved an effective and versatile tool for combating
usury, unfair credit practices, and encouraging thrift; and
W\Ulr. aa these Credit Unions not only promote the economic security of their
members, but also strengthen democracy, encourage individual responsibility and
practice of true brotherhood and thus benefit our entire community; and
Whereas the Latin American Communities of the Canal Zone now have five
Credit Unions whose combined membership totals over 6,500 representing a
significant proportion of the t-mrpl)'..,-. of the Panama Canal Company-Canal Zone
Government:
Now, TI-r,.,.r, I, ROBERT J. FLEMING, Jr., Governor of the Canal Zone,
do hereby designate Tlhr sd..\ October 17, 1963 as Credit Union Day to be observed
in the Canal Zone and urge our people to give fitting recognition at this time to the
many benefits brniIIght to them through Credit Unions.
And On Thii Occasion I extend to the leaders and members of the Credit Unions
of the Canal Zone my greetings, congratulations and sincere wishes for continued
success in si r. inin their fellow men.

In Witness Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the
Canal Zone to be affixed at Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, this tenth day of
September 1963.


iL~ez


B\ the Con'trlnr



F Ac. DUNSMootive
Actrling Executive Secretary


JJ!






Lt Gamboa Federal Credit Union office William
B. Boatswain, chairman of the credit committee,
check the records prior to decision on a loan
officials have been long-time Canal employees.
ars ago, was with Aids to Navigation and had
ars Government service.


Saving From


The TOP

THE FIVE Federal Credit Unions in
Latin American communities of the
Canal Zone have advanced, in 15 years,
from assets of zero to net assets of more
than $1% million.
They also have proven to be a train-
ing ground for leadership, managerial
talent being found, developed, and
since proven by the record of success.
These Federal Credit Unions are the
Balboa, Cristobal, Gatun, Paraiso, and
Gamboa units.
They are officially sponsored by the
U.S. Government and are chartered,
examined, and supervised by the
Atlanta office of the Bureau of
Federal Credit Unions of the Depart-
ment of Health, Education, and Wel-
fare. Jimmie R. Elliott of the Atlanta
office is the Federal Credit Union
Examiner for the Canal Zone unions.
At the start of 1963, these credit
unions had more than 6,100 members,
a gain of nearly 600 in a single year,
with shares valuation of more than $1.3
million, up more than $300,000 in the
same period. Loans amounted to more
than S830..000. an increase of more
than a quarter of a million dollars over
a year earlier.
This might be a disturbing factor if
it were not offset by the assets gain of
nearly $340,000, to a peak above $1'
million. There were nearly 4,000
borrowers. Reserves, at more than
$72,000, were up $13,000 from the
reserve level of the previous year.
At the outset, when those in charge
"had to learn to be guided by their


OCTOBER 1963










Policy and general supervision questions
are in the province of boards of directors of
credit unions, such as this meeting of the
Balboa union's board. Pictured from left
are Anthony Hinds, assistant treasurer;
Egbert Best, Tilgath Braithwaite, both
supervisory committee members; Sylvester
D. Callender, president; Holland Gayle,
treasurer; James Howell, vice president,
and George Louis, assistant treasurer.
Callender, a 37-year veteran of Canal
is Community Relations Assistant in the
Office of the Executive Secretary.


heads instead of their hearts" in
granting of loans, loan delinquency was
a threat to at least one charter. Forced
recognition of the responsibilities as
well as the rights and benefits involved
in credit union operation, however,
resulted in delinquency reduction which
salvaged the operation.
The concept of "saving from the top"
-saving off the top of earnings before
a penny is spent-has helped members
manage their personal affairs better
and supplemented counseling by Per-
sonnel Bureau officials for those with
debt problems.
Many have learned that there is no
stigma to borrowing; only to failure to
pay. Better saving habits and better
money management have been stressed
as elements of good citizenship.
The Federal Credit Unions of the
Latin American communities of the
Zone are planning special activities
the week of October 13, with Octo-
ber 17 proclaimed by Gov. Robert
J. Fleming, Jr., as Credit Union Day.


Clifford Barton, treasurer
of the Gatun Federal
Credit Union, receives a
deposit from Joseph U.
Henlon, assistant treas-
urer. Credit union office
size and personnel are
held to the minimum
necessary for service, to
keep overhead costs as
low as possible.


A busy day at the Balboa Federal Credit Union office. Taking care of
customers are, left to right, Anthony Hinds an assistant treasurer and board
member; Eric Green, and Aminta Howell. Purchase of automobiles and
consolidation of debts are the two most common reasons credit union
members generally borrow money, with aid on home purchases, home
improvements and maintenance ranking next.


William Lawrence, vice president of the Gamboa Federal
Credit Union, left, assists a member applying for a loan.
Louis Small, treasurer, is at his post ready for business. The
customer is Mrs. Inez Stennett. Lawrence has 25 years'
service with the Canal organization, all with the Supply
Division.


-XALL
"'.j I


16











50 ?IearJ 4ao
PLANS were announced for filling the
low, swampy area I% inr between the
Curundu R:. on the north and that
part of the Calidonia district of the city
of Panama, known as San Mi ,i,:l. on
the south. The area had been a mos-
quito ltreetlinm place and health
menace. Hydraulic fill was to come
from the terminal basin at Balboa.
The last remaining barrier at the
Pacific end of the Canal was d\ namit-d
This dike had prevented water from the
sea level channel from entering the
steamshovel cut extending to Miraflores
Locks. About 37,000 pounds of dyna-
mite were used, being placed in 541
holes at an average depth of 30 feet.
Steamshovel operations in Culebra
Cut were permanently suspended and
virtually all track removed in the
Empire district.
Construction of a wooden pontoon
bridge as a means of crossing the Canal
after dismantling of the bridge at
Paraiso was planned. The bridge was
designed for a train load of 4,000
pounds per running foot.

25 Year c4go
C;ER.LD MARTIN, 57, a 25-year res-
ident of Panama and dean of local
newsmen, died of a skull fracture
suffered in a fall. He was correspondent
for the Chit ago Tribune and Reuters of
London. Mr. Martin was employed by
the P.anama. Canal in 1913 as a mess
steward and served at Gatun, Cristobal,
Pedro Miitml and La Boca before
joining the staff of the Star & Herald.
Temperatures sank to 69 at Madden
Dam and 72 at Balboa IHI igih' during
an Isthmus-wide rainstorm.
Barbara Sianm;.k, movie actress,
whose name had been linked romantic-
ally with that of Robert T.i\lor, also a
movie star, transited the Canal aboard
the SS Virginia and visited shops in
Panama Cil after the ship docked in
Balboa.
A first-hand description of conditions
in h i. n, d Sh.angli.ii was given by the
master of a liner which picked up the
first 40 American r, fiii, s. most of
whom had escaped with their lives
after Japanese air raids wrecked the
Sh.mriih.di hotels where they had lived.


10 yearjd cgo
RECONSTRUCTION of Quarry Road
from the sentry booth at Quarry Heights
to the intersection with Heights Road
was started. The street is one of the
oldest in the Pacific side communities
and perhaps the oldest one used as a
thoroughfare. It was used for many
years during the Canal construction
period as a railroad to transport rock
for locks construction. The road was
built on the old railway bed.
Red Tank clubhouse was scheduled
to close October 1, with the town of
Red Tank to be abandoned as a town-
site as part of the long-range housing
program.
One of the most unusual transits
in Canal history occurred when the
11,000-ton tanker Pan-Massachusetts
was towed stem first through the Canal
by three tugs. Damaged in a collision
in the Delaware River or bay, it was
being towed to Japan for rebuilding.

One year c4go
THE FAMOUS Summit Garden burros
acquired names: Mancha and Gato, the
names of two sturdy Patagonian ponies
ridden by an English author and teacher
between Buenos Aires, Argentina, and
\\ashington. D.C., in the mid-twenties.
More than 500-name suggestions had
been received.
Chances are good for sandfly control
in the Canal Zone, declared an entomo-
logical research expert of the Florida
State Board of Health after a survey
here.
The NS Savannah, world's first
nuclear-powered merchant ship, made
its first transit of the Canal.


=CANAL HISTORY-


-ACCIDENTS


FOR

THIS MONTH

AND

THIS YEAR


AUGUST

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE


CASES


CASES


'63 '62 '63
212 248 13


DAYS
ABSENT
'63 '62
210 281


1941(36) 1990 130(9) 86 17495(998) 7948
() Locks Overhaul Injuries Included in total.


OCTOBER 1963


RETIREMENTS
RETIREM ENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of August to the
employees listed below, with their posi-
tions at time of retirement and years of
Canal service:
Marvin J. Banton, Supervisory Civil Engi-
neer, Engineering and Construction
Bureau, Pacific Side; 32 years, 17 days.
Arnold R. Biorneby, Police Private, Police
Division, Pacific Side; 18 years, 15 days.
David Bonaparte, Carpenter (Mainte-
nance), Industrial Division, Atlantic
Side; 42 years, 8 months, 28 days.
Jose D. Caraballo, Stevedore, Terminals
Division, Atlantic Side; 19 years, I
month, 25 days.
Joshua A. Cunningham, Police Division,
Atlantic Side; 32 years, 2 days.
Pedro A. Gasparini, Deckhand, Navigation
Division, Atlantic Side; 16 years, 1
month, 25 days.
Mrs. Barbara M. Hutchings, Steamship
Clerk, Transportation Division, Pacific
Side; 25 years, 10 months, 16 days.
James A. Irish, Helper (General), Mainte-
nance Division, Atlantic Side; 30 years,
5 months, 24 days.
Guy R. Lord, Chief Engineer (Towboat),
Navigation Division, Pacific Side; 27
years, 10 months, 7 days.
Miss H. Eloise Monroe, Teacher (Junior
High-U.S. Schools), Schools Division,
Pacific Side; 22 years, 9 months, 8 days.
Arthur V. Muir, Deckhand, Navigation
Division, Atlantic Side; 25 years, 2
months, 1 day.
Carl N. Nix, Senior Operator (Generating
Station, Electrical Division, Atlantic
Side; 23 years.
Archibald B. O'Meally, Helper Locomotive
Engineer, Railroad Division, Atlantic
Side; 39 years, 3 months, 20 days.
Jones E. Quinlan, Bookbinder, Printing
Plant, Atlantic Side; 44 years, 3 months,
5 days.
Ismael Rodriguez, Leader Toolroom
Attendant, Industrial Division, Pacific
Side; 33 years, 10 months, 22 days.
Naranian Singh, Stevedore, Terminals Di-
vision, Atlantic Side; 30 years, 3 months,
12 days.
Miss Gertrude A. Smith, Nur.e: Supers i'or
(Tuberculosis), Gorgas Hupit.il. 33
years, 3 months, 18 days.
Mrs. Dorothy W. W'ebb Debt Counselor,
Operations Division, Personnel Bureau;
26 years, 12 days.














CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Ernest L. Cotton
District Fire Commander
Dorothy B. Moody
Instructor

MARINE BUREAU
Robert C. Carter
Lock Operator
Edward B. Frampton
Lock Operator
Russell C. Meissner
General Foreman
Carl H. Starke
Boilermaker


ANNIVERSARIES
(On the basis of total Federal Service)




Joseph W. Van Geel
Lock Operator (Electrician)
Rodolf Courtney

es Miller
ai er
Leo Id or el i
Lin ha dle ( ckhand)
Jua 'i r
in andler ( ~a

HEALTH BUREAU
John P. Smith
Hospital Administrative
Director


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Mary S. Wir
Clerk
Ifil R. Frances
Laborer (Cleaner)

ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Wilton T. Strickland
Electrician
Jacinto Henry
Helper Machinist
Norberto Jeffers
Seaman
Vivian L. Osavio
Navigational Aid
Maintenanceman
Pablo Clet Petit
Boatman
Miguel Rodriguez
Carpenter

HEALTH BUREAU
Lewis E. Fontaine
Chief, Dental Service,
Gorgas Hospital
Mavis A. Phillips
Medical Aid

MARINE BUREAU
Joseph A. Plaisance
Lock Operator (Electrician)
Cecil T. Austin
Helper Lock Operator


Rafael E. Bennett
Painter (Maintenance)
Allan W. Davis
Helper Lock Operator
Albert S. Heavens
Linehandler (Deckhand)
Armando Jarquin
Launch Dispatcher
Carlos A. Joya
Seaman (Launch)
Manuel Liiiin
Helper Lock Operator
alo Medi
Bo tman
H gh .Prri
i ha le (Deckhand)
Re o Ra irJ
inehan er eckhand)


TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Gladwin Edwards
Stevedore
Alberto G6ndola
Guard
Nieves Hernandez
Helper Carman
(Wood and Steel)
Willis Lenore Lever
Helper Liquid Fuels
Wharfman
Miguel E. Manuel
Guard


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Crecencia Araiz
Pantryman
Egbert Bent
Assistant Baker
Constance V. Dudley
Sales Clerk
Pascual Garc6s
Laborer
Purcell R. Gilmore
Laborer
Eric S. Goburn
Laborer (Cleaner)
Lincoln G. Gordon
Stockman
Antolino Hall
Milker
Pablo A. L6pez
Laborer (Cleaner)
George Maxwell
Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator
Geraldine U. Mayers
Sales Clerk
Grace F. Miller
Utility Worker
Ethelbert Seales
Sales Clerk
Sergia Tufi6n
Counterwoman
Alice R. Turner
Sales Checker (Sales Store)
Reginald L. Webb
Presser


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 13


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Harry C. Egolf
General Housing Manager
Enid B. Tunon
Laborer (Cleaner)


TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
William A. Watson
Linehandler








- PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


EMPLOYEES promoted or transferred
between .\ugit 5 and September 5
(within-grade promotions and job
reclassifications are not listed):
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Division of Schools
Susanna E. Hawk, Clerk Typist to Super-
visory Clerk-Typist.
Irene M. Michaelis, Clerk-Stenogr.- pher,
from Dredging Division.
)uroth Folse, School Crosswalk Guard,
Pl'.,li Division, to Clerk-Typist.
Carl F. Maedl, Counselor to Assistant Prin-
cipal, Junior-Senior High School.
Sea mour I. Barkowitz, Counselor to Assist-
.ial PFriIt pal. Junior High School.
Kenneth E. Lake, Instructor to Supervising
Director, Curriculum (Coordinator of
Curriculum).
Xenia A. P6rez, Substitute Teacher, Latin
American Schools, to Teacher (Senior
High Latin American Schools).
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
John W. Muller, General Engineer (Esti-
In.tl-i to Supervisory Civil Engineer

Electrical Division
Judith G. Holder, Personnel Clerk (General;
Typing), Employment and Placement
Branch, Personnel Bureau, to Accounting
Clerk.
Joso G. Montano, Laborer (Cleaner), Com-
munity Services Division, to Helper
\l. lhirit (Maintenance).
Dredging Division
Robert James, Cook (Floating Plant) to
Winchman.
Alphonso H. Thomas, Laborer (Heavy) to
Truck Driver.
Maintenance Division
Preston J. Barker, General Foreman (Water
Supply System) to Chief Foreman Pipe-
fitter.
'illiam I. Hollowell, Lead Foreman
(Water Supply System) to General Fore-
man Pipefitter.
Other T. Bro% nlee. Lead Foreman (Public
Hoiadd-Road P.aingi to Lead Foreman
'Publi. \\ ,rks-C.motruction and Main-
tenance).
Phra A. Ashby, Leader Plumber to Lead
Foreman Plumber.
Wilbur B. Fall, Leader Welder to Lead
Foreman ,.I-:.l A l es and Equipment
Rvp.rii
Owen W. Smith, Instrument Mechanic
(General) to Leader Instrument Me-
chanic (General).
Rupert S. Beckford, Lead Foreman (Public
Works-Road Repairl to Lead Foreman
fI'hlic Works-Construction and Main-
tenance).
Frederick J. Bynoe, Laborer (Heavy) to
Helper Machinist (Maintenance).
Roy A. IIendricks. Laborer (Cleaner), Com-
mnil S.r\-st Dr'.,,'In. to Helper
I, I riL:. r.il,,r and Air Cor, itiiin tniiv
Mechanic.
Bartolo Conir7le7, Laborer to Laborer
ill, .i i


HEALTH BUREAU
Dr. Donald H. Robinson, Medical Officer
(Public Health) (Chief, Industrial Health
Section), to Supervisory Medical Officer
(Administrative-Preventive Medicine)
(Chief, Division of Preventive Medicine
and Quarantine).
Ilene F. Pilgrim, Clerk-Typist, Office of
General Manager, Supply Division, to
Clerk, Gorgas Hospital
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Frank P. Marczak, Richard W. Thompson,
Marine Traffic Controller to Supervisory
Marine Traffic Controller.
Emley M. Henter, Clerk-Stenographer to
Clerical Assistant (Stenography).
Industrial Division
Walter G. Brown, Leader Machinist to
Leader Instrument Mechanic (Mechan-
ical).
Gust E. Rosene, Machinist (Marine) to
Planner and Estimator.
Edward L. Spinney, Philip M. Wilkins,
Machinist to Instrument Mechanic (Me-
chanical).
John R. Smith, Apprentice (Molder) (4th
Year) to Molder.
Cyril Fairclough, Rope and Wire Cable
Worker to Leader Rope and Wire Cable
Worker.
Victoriano Godoy, Alberto Simpson, Crane
Hookman to Leader Crane Hookman.
Locks Division
Thomas J. Ebdon, Jr., Chief Foreman
(Lock Operations) to General Engineer.
William T. Craig, Leader Lock Operator
(Electrician) to Control House Operator.
Russell C. Meissner, General Foreman
(Lock Operations-Electrical) to Chief
Foreman (Lock Operations).
John M. Morrison, Leader Lock Operator
(Machinist) to Lead Foreman (Lock
Operations).
James Belcher, Lock Operator (Electri-
cian) to Leader Lock Operator (Electri-
cian) .
William L. Torbert, Electrician to Lock
Operator (Electrician).
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Louise R. Hunt, Supervisory Clerk-Typist,
Division of Schools, to Accounting
Technician, Accounting Division.
Barbara B. Ramey, Clerk-Stenographer,
from Accounting Division to Internal
Audit Branch.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Community Services Division
Raymond M. Murphy, Acr.unonmiI to Gen-
eral Foreman (Grounds).
A. Rodriguez-Villafane. Clerk-Typist, from
\\'.ar and Labor lories Branch, Main-
tenance Division.
Supply Division
Clement J. Genis, Supervisine Safety In-
spector to Safety Officer, Office of the
Director.


Wilfred R. Morris, Graduate Intern (Busi-
ness Administration) to Merchandise
Management Officer (Cold Storage
Foods), Office of General Manager.
Margarita F. Preciado, Stenographic and
Typing Unit Supervisor to Secretary
(Stenography), Office of the Director.
Ana S. Fulton, Clerk-Stenographer to
Stenographic and Typing Unit Super-
visor, Office of the General Manager.
Edith A. Richards, Counterwoman to Sales
Clerk.
Maudline Jemmott, Utility Worker to Sales
Clerk.
Donald C. Escalona, Grocery Attendant
to Sales Clerk.
Daniel Del Rio, Pinsetter to Utility Worker.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
DIVISION
Alvin H. Barber, Service Station Attendant,
to Chauffeur, Motor Transportation
Division.
Railroad Division
Earl R. Wilson, Carman (Wood and Steel)
to Inspector (Carman, Wood and Steel).
Vicente Nelson, Helper Locomotive Engi-
neer to Brakeman.
Terminals Division
Joseph C. Reardon, Supervisory Time-
keeperto Supervisory Administrative
Assistant.
Victor T. McGarry, Liquid Fuels Gager to
Leader Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Fordent Allen, Robert J. Arthur, Cornelius
Brown, Percival Watson, Winchman to
Leader Stevedore (Ship).
Harold Hall, Utility Worker, Supply Divi-
sion to Cargo Marker.

OTHER PROMOTIONS which did not
involve changes of title:
Joseph M. Hunt, Supervisory Marine Traf-
fic Controller, Navigation Division.
Earl C. Orr, Supervisory Merchandise
Management Officer (General Foods),
Office of General Manager, Supply
Division.
Adrien M. Bouche, Jr., Marine Traffic
Controller, Navigation Division.
Henry C. Simpson, Chief Engineer, Tow-
boat, Na iliatlon Division.
Jacob C. Baker, Admeasurer, Navigation
Division.
Hazel F. Nail, Time, Leave and Payroll
Clerk, Payroll and Machine Accounting
Branch, Office of the Comptroller.
Mary D. Coffey, Secretary (Stenography),
Office of the Director, Transportation
and Terminals Bureau.
Gladys I. Olivier, Clerk-Stenographer, Ac-
counting Diwsln.m, New Orleans Office.
Dorris L. Chollar, Library Assistant, Divi-
sion of Schools.
Federico A. Valencia, Engineering Drafts-
man (Civil), Maintenance Division.
Gladstone S. Fowles, Clerk-Typist, Main-
tenance Division.
Jestis N. Barahona, Paul D. Vergara, Book-
keeping Machine Operator, Payroll and
Machine Accounting Branch, Office of
the Comptroller.

14 OCTOBER 1963






4
w -.y i1


Locks operation part of Canal documentary story.


"The Panama Canal" Film


Seen By 8%' Million-Plus


MORE THAN 8, million people have
seen the documentary film "The Pan-
ama Canal" since July of 1962, not
counting additional thousands who have
viewed it during showings on the
Isthmus.
The total includes audiences of more
than 8 million persons for TV showings
in the States, and approximately
250,000 have seen the film at group
showings. These have included Govern-
ment, health and safety, industry and
commerce, social and fraternal, church
and religious, youth, science and en-
gineering, and medical organizations.
Most audience ratings have called it
"excellent" or "very good." Only a few
listed it as low as only good or fair.
Recent audiences have been averag-
ing more than 360,000 a month via TV
and approximately 13,000 a month for
group showings.
With well-known Mexican film star
Carlos Montalban in a leading role, the
film describes the construction, main-
tenance and operation of the Canal. The
first documentary film on the Isthmian
waterway ever produced under auspices
of the Canal organization, it was made
by Bay State Film Productions, Inc., of
Springfield, Mass.
Organizations in the United States
which would like to obtain a copy of
the film for showing may contact


an office of Association Films, Inc.
Addresses are: Broad at Elm, Ridge-
field, N.J.; 561 Hillgrove Avenue,
La Grange, Ill.; 1621 Dragon Street,
Dallas 7, Tex.; 25358 Cypress Avenue,
Hayward, Calif.; 324 Delaware Avenue,
Allegheny County, Oakmont, Pa. Users
pay only return postage.
The film is available in English or


BINDERS AND BOUND
COPIES AVAILABLE
ORDERS are being accepted for
binders and bound copies of volumes
12 and 13 of THE PANAMA CANAL
REVIEW in English (August 1961
through July 1963). This offer is
open for only a limited time. Orders
should be received not later than
January 1.
Low cost binders of board and
Linson cloth, in light blue only, are
available at $4.25 per set, and
heavier binders of board and fabri-
koid, in black, green, and red, are
_') per set. Neither includes copies
of the REVIEW.
De luxe binding for the bound
copies will be fabrikoid, with gold
stamping on the cover, similar to
previous bound copies. Colors avail-
able are black, green, and red. The
price will be $23.50 for each book
containing both volumes (24 issues),
including cost of the REVIEW copies.
Orders addressed to Superinten-
dent, Printing Plant, Box 5084, Cris-
tobal, C.Z., should be accompanied
by a postal money order or local
check payable to the Treasurer,
Panama Canal Company.

Spanish and in black and white or
color.
For showings on the Isthmus, it may
be obtained from the Panama Canal
Information Office, Box M, Balboa
Heights.


SCHOOL CALENDAR 1963-64
End of first grading period -----------


October 18


Panama Independence Day (Sunday, November 3) Holiday -November 4


Veterans Day Holiday


November 11


Thanksgiving Holidays (4 days) ---------November 28-December 1


End of second grading period_
Christmas Holidays (12 days).


_------- December 6
December 21-January 1


End of third grading period -------_ __
Washington's Birthday Holiday (Saturday, February 22)_


End of fourth grading period ----------
Easter Holidays (9 days) ------
End of fifth grading period -----
Memorial Day (Saturday, May 30) Holiday
Commencement ------ -___-__
End of sixth grading period_-----
Schools close ----------__


January 24
February 21
___March 6


--- March 21-29
_------ April 24
---__-- May 29
-------_June 3
------_ June 4
_----- June 4


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW









SHi'


PPIN


Report on Tankers
THE U.S. TANK SHIP FLEET, which
was the leading flag of registry up to
1957, is still in fourth place, to which it
dropped in 1961. L.b. i i continued to
be leading flag of registry in 1962, while
the United Kiiiloni ranked second in
deadweight tungiirr and Norway held
third place, according to the Sun Oil
Co.'s 21st annual tanker study.
The U.S. tank ship fleet declined
40,000 deadweight tons in 1962. In
contrast, the tank ship fleet of Japan
increased by 855,000 deadweight tons,
nearly one-third, during the year, to
move Japan from eighth place in 1961
to fifth place in 1962.
The U.S.S.R. had 52 tank ships under
construction or on order at the end of
1962, on the basis of deadweight tons
,I1.'. i inig 77 percent of the 1'J62
Soviet fleet.
During the past 5 years Greek tankers
have risen 72.8 percent, for the highest
gain in average size, while the U.S.
tankers have shown the smallest gain,
17.2 percent.
The average speed of the world
tanker fleet at the end of 1962 increased
from 15.2 to 15.3 knots. Liberian vessels
continued to be the fastest, with the
United States second and Sweden third.


TRANSITS BY OCEAN
VESSELS IN AUGI

Commercial. ..............
U.S. Government..........
Free. ...................
Total. .............
TOLLS *
Commercial.... $4,844,916
U.S. Government 114,820
Total.... $4,959,736
CARGO**
Commercial.... 5,643,213
U.S. Government 80,335


Free. .


39.455


Total.... 5,763,003 5,308,108


*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.
*Cargo figures are in long tons.


Trimming a Flare
THE GALILEO FERRARIS of the
Italian Line, one of the steady cargo
vessel customers of the Panama Canal,
is pictured below approaching Man-
dinga Flare, near the mouth of the
Mandinga River at Gamboa.
In the background is the Dredge
Cascadas, engaged in the Cut widening
in the Gamboa area and working for the
first time in this particular area. The


F-GOING objective is to take off the tip of Man-
UST dinga Flare, which has obstructed pilot's
i96 1 view at one of the most difficult bends
946 950 in the Canal.
The Galileo Ferraris, whose master is
24 16 Capt. Giuseppe Accerboni, is an 8,100-
10 6 ton cargo vessel on the Italian Line's
980 972 north Pacific freighter service from
Mediterranean ports. The Italian Line's
passenger service covers the South
$4,929,238 Pacific from Mediterranean ports to
79,713 Chile.
$5,008,951 On this particular trip the Galileo
Ferraris, en route from Vancouver,
transited the Canal and stopped at
5,168,760 Cristobal to take on a cargo of Central
91,809 American cotton to be delivered to
47539 Italian ports.


Tramp Tonnage Up
THE WORLD TRAMP FLEET at
mid-year showed an increase of
4,400,000 tons over the mid-1962 level.
The mid-year figure of 36,145,000
deadweight tons represented inclusion
earlier this year in the tramp vessel
category of 3,100,000 tons of shipping
found to be engaged in irregular rather
than scheduled service.
According to a quarterly survey
of bulk dry cargo shipping activity
throughout the world, just released by
W. G. Weston Ltd., British shipping
analysts, the second quarter of this year
was an exceptionally busy period for
tramp ship operators. An unseasonal
demand for most bulk commodities,
particularly coal and scrap, brought
about the hiring of close to 20 million
tons of tramp ships during the year's
second quarter. This was more than
4 million tons over that hired during
the comparable period in 1962.

Ferry Alaska-Bound
A FERRY HEADED FOR ALASKA
will be m.l..iln her way through the
Panama ('.ii.al one of these days. Not
a lost fi-n but a 240-foot passenger
and vehicle ferry built for the State of
Alaska in Sturgeon Bay, Wis., and
headed for home via the St. Lawrence
Seaway, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of
Mexico, Panama Canal, and the Pacific
Ocean.
The new ferry will cost approxi-
mately 1 million. A 1,500-ton vessel,
she will have a capacity of 200 pas-
, i Ii ~%. 40 passenger cars, and 9
In.ltit highway trailers.

16 OCTOBER 1963


G


Italian liner in area of part of cut widening work.
Italian liner in area of part of cut widening work.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
I3 l l2i2ll l1 I I07 5I0
3 1262 07150 0341