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DLOC PCANAL



PRIVATE ITEM
Digitization of this item is currently in progress.
Panama Canal review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00013
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights, Republic of Panama
Publication Date: March 1961
Copyright Date: 1960
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
Classification: lcc - HE2830.P2 P3
ddc - 386/.445
System ID: UF00097366:00013
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
        Page
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Cardenas Village


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W. A. CARTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. MCELHENY, Lieutenant Governor


Panama


I-. I-


N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor


WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistant,
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and ToE
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official Ph
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers. Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building. Balboa Heights, C. Z.


New Stockholder for Canal Company

THE NEW STOCKHOLDER Of the Panama Canal
Company, Elvis J. Stahr, Jr., is a man of many
talents-Phi Beta Kappa, Rhodes scholar, lawyer,
educator, veteran of World War II, and former
Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The new Secretary of the Army and Stock-
holder of the Panama Canal Company came to
his new job from the presidency of the University
of West Virginia, thus returning to the Pentagon
after an absence of 8 years. A graduate of the
University of Kentucky and holder of three
degrees from England's University of Oxford,
Secretary Stahr served as Special Assistant to
Secretary of the Army Frank Pace during the
Korean war.
During World War II, he rose from second
lieutenant to lieutenant colonel in the Infantry.
Born in Hickman, Ky., on March 9, 1916, the
future Secretary of the Army was graduated from
the University of Kentucky in 1936, then went
on to 3 years at the University of Oxford. After
returning to the United States from England, he
entered legal practice in New York City, an
activity he continued until 1947. ,
In 1947 he returned to the University of Ken-
tucky as an associate professor of law and the
following year became Dean of the College of
Law at the University, a post he held until 1956.
He left the University of Kentucky in 1956 to
become Vice Chancellor of the University of Pitts-
burgh, remaining there until named president of
the University of West Virginia in 1959. Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, Jr.


Index


Housewarming Time for FAA . .
Reduced to an Average .. ..
For Colon's Neediest Men and \\ l'n. it
Overhaul in Pictures . . .
Cash for Ideas . . .
Toward New Mules for Canal
Ingenuity Speeds Welding .
Engineers for a Day .. ...
Zone Floats in Carnival Parades .


Onetime Baby Cradle Now Classroom Fixture .. 19
Worth Knowing . . . . . .19
Anniversaries . . 20
Promotions and Transfers . . . 21
Canal History . .... . . ... . 22
Retirements . . . . 2
Accident Safety . . . .. 23
Civil Defense News . . .. 23
Shipping .. . . . . . . . 24


MARCH 3, 1961


s:
I BITTEL
otographer















New Commniniuty of Car-
denas Village to be home
for FAA personnel who
will be living g in the Zone.








Mrs. Laverna Norton, Mrs. Ernest Silva and son, Michael Paul, and Miss Mary Watson
of the Federal Aviation Agency get an early look at one of the Cardenas Village homes. . .





Housewarming Time for FAA




NESTLED SNUGLY against the gently
sloping face of a hill leading down to
1 the Cardenas River and located be-
tween Fort Clayton and Corozal is a
new Canal Zone community of 90 new
housing units, all of which are to be
71 occupied by employees of the Federal
Aviation Agency in the Zone and their
dependents.
This new community, taking its name
of Cardenas Village from the river which
flows past the base of the hill on which
it rests, will be officially opened on
o March 12, when Gov. W. A. Carter will
officiate at a ribbon-cutting ceremony
which will mark the beginning of a
public open house at several of the new
drIl.-ing units.
Most of the emniplo ets of the FAA
and their dependents have been living
in the former Navy community of Rous-
S: seau on the west side of the Canal.
Other FAA personnel now live in
Cocoli, Ancon, Balboa, and the Republic
of Panama. The housing units in Rous-
seau which are to be vacated by FAA
personnel will be returned to the Navy
after the present occupants have moved.
The 133 employees of the FAA in
... 1'hile Mrs. Ursula I. Dewey, Mrs. Loretta M. Blakely, and Mrs. Anna J. Barker, the Zone operate an International Flight
Teletypists. work at FAA's International Flight Service Station in the Civil Affairs Building. Service Station from the C' 11 Affairs


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW




































John C. Nolan, Chief of the Balboa IFSS, seated, confers with his assistant, James L.
Dalton, as Mrs. Helen F. Cox, secretary to Chief Nolan, waits to take dictation.


Building in Ancon, thus fulfilling an
obligation assumed by the United States
in the "Aviation A'.i, n, it Between
the United States and the Republic of
Panama" in 1949.
Starting next month, the FAA opera-
tion will be expanded somewhat as


control of the Air Traffic Control Center
at Albrook Air Force Base is changed
from the Air Force to the FAA. The
Air Force personnel now operating the
control center gradually will be replaced
by approximately 25 FAA employees.
In addition to the 90 housing units










Bill Winn,
Electronics
Maintenance
Technician, at
work on a relay,
with teletype
parts around him
on glass-topped
table.


now ready for occupancy at Cardenas
Village, 30 more units are scheduled
for completion during the next 5 or 6
months. Construction of the housing by
H. A. Lott, Inc., of Houston, Tex., and
Drake of Panama has been done with
the Canal organization acting as con-
tracting agent. The Canal organization
also will provide the new community
with police and fire protection, water,
electricity, sewage disposal, garbage
collection, and similar services.
Although Cardenas Village is a new
addition to the Canal Zone, most of the
people who will live there are not new-
comers. Most of them, in fact, have been
here several years, ranging from one
having 18 years of service in the Zone
to the newest U.S.-citizen employee,
who has slightly less than a year.
The FAA personnel long have been
active in many different Zone activities
and organizations, including clubs of
many kinds, churches, lodges, youth,
and hobby (many of them are ardent
camera fans), and similar groups. This
longtime participation in Zone activities
has brought most of the FAA employees
and their dependents into contact with
many other Zonians. The move to Car-
denas Village i11 provide them with
even greater opportunity for association
with their fellow Zone residents.
The services to air traffic now sup-
plied by the International Flight Service
Station (IFSS) here were started under
Navy auspices just prior to the start of
World War II. The Civil Aeronautics
Administration, predecessor to the
FAA, took control of the former Navy
operation in November 1942.
With the op nint g of Tocumen Inter-
national Airport, the services were ex-


Technical District Supervisor T. A. Stepp.

4 MARCH 3, 1961



























Joseph B. Craft and Jennings B. Moss, Air Traffic Control Special-
ists, at their air-ground communications positions at the IFSS here.


Loren K. Rood, Electronics Maintenance Technician, checks in-
coming messages from Miami, Fla.; Lima, Peru; and other points.


tended to include the new airport, at
the request of the Republic of Panama.
Primary function of the IFSS here
is to maintain accurate radiotelephone
communication with aircraft flying
within the Panama Air Traffic Control
area, which extends 400 miles north
and south of Tocumen in a strip just
wide enough to include the entire
Republic of Panama, and the Panama
Flight Information region, which is vir-
tuall) identical to the Air Traffic Control
area except for the addition of a
100-mile wide strip along the edge of
Colombia and extending north to the
edge of the ATC area.
Within this area, the IFSS is re-
sponsible for communication with all
aircraft, up until the time the plane is
within 50 to 75 miles of the station.
Communication within that 50 to 75
mile radius is carried on by the Air
Traffic Control Center at Albrook,
which releases the craft to control of
the tower at Tocumen or other air-
ports when the plane is within visual
range of the runways.
One of the major services provided
by the FAA here is the receiving and
recording of periodic position reports
from aircraft operating within the area.
It is from these periodic reports that
the FAA is able to determine if a
plane has had some difficult, which has
forced it down, and then is able to
determine the approximate area in
which It went down, a vital bit of in-


formation in the search and rescue op-
eration of the Rescue Control Center
at Albrook.
The IFSS also provides pre-flight and
in-flight weather information to pilots
requesting it, transmits local and area

F 1'


weather reports, which it receives regu-
larly from points as distant as Lima,
Peru, to the south, and Miami, Fla., to
the north. The IFSS also transmits in-
formation about temporary restrictions
at airports, changes in radio frequencies,
similar notices of interest to airmen, and
assists aircraft in difficulty by directing
the pilot to an emergency airport.
To provide the lines of communica-
tion required to fulfill its many and
varied services, the IFSS operates radio-
(See p. 21)


Raymond C. Engle, Air Traffic Control Specialist, transmitting to Cali from Balboa Station.


THE P.A A MA CANAL REVIEW







Zonians


Reduced


to Averages




Typi ul Zonians are fewi in
number, and this s.uri plirn
shows that even they aren't
It r.jT';i' in ordinary sense.


WHO ARE the U.S.-citizen employees
who work for the Panama Canal? Where
did they come from, how much educa-
tion do they have, what kind of wages
do they make? These are just a few of
the questions which frequently occur to
visitors and to new employees of the
Company-Government.
Answers to these questions and a
number of others recently were devel-
oped through a statistical study made
by the Personnel Bureau. In addition
to direct answers which the study
provided, it also dispelled at least two
common myths which long have been
"common knowledge" about U.S.-citizen
employees here.
The most common of these mi ths is
that a n.ijorit% of the U.S.-citizen em-
ployees of the Company-Government
are from the Deep South. (They aren't.)
The second is that at least one-third of
all the U.S.-citizen employees are so-
called "second generation Zonians."
(There are 579 such employees in the
organization, or slightly more than 15
percent of the total.)
The statistical study developed the
following bird's-eye view of the "typ-
ical" U.S.-citizen employee: Not a
second-generation Zonian, married to a
U.S. citizen, 13 years of Panama Canal
service, 16 years of Federal service
(much of the difference being repre-
sented by military service), 13 years of
education, 45 years of age, makes $7,644
per year, speaks little Spanish, is likely
to be from a North Atlantic, Middle
Atlantic, or East Central State, and has
a statistical average of 1.85 children.
Using these averages, an effort was
made to locat,.- on, ti.pll\,.n who met
all of the conldiltunll. '.%lh the only


Russell A. Weade at work in towing locomotive at Pedro Miguel.


alterat on being made for the employee
to have two dlilii, i not one and part
of another, as indicated by the statistical
average developed in the study.
Not a single employee was found
who met all the conditions, but three
were located who came close to meeting
all of them. One of these three men
missed the mark on only 3 of the 11


points, while both of the others missed
on 4 points each.
Coming closest to being typical is
Russell A. Weade, a towing locomotive
operator at Pedro Miguel Locks. The
only points on which he is not average
were that he has 1 year less service
with the Canal than the average of 13
years, has only one child instead of the





i)]




Mr. Weade and
family at home.
His son, Russell, Jr.,
is a student at the
U.S. Merchant
Marine Academy,
1 Kings Point, N.Y.


MARCH 3, 1961







requisite two, and makes sliglhtl, below
the average salary.
But Mr. Weade does meet the re-
maining eight points developed by the
study: He is, of course, a male, is
married to a U.S. Ltii:.I has 13 years
of education, 16 years of Federal serv-
(See p. 17)


Mr. Keeney at work in Administration Building vault.


Earl C. Keeney and family at home.


Mr. Werlein working at Gatun Locks.


Francis W. Werlein and family. Son Lerov. at left, is a student at
Wisconsin State College, Eau Claire. \Vis., and Lamoine, right,
is employed by Fenton & Co., shippingg agents, in the Canal Zone.









For Colon's


Neediest


Men and Women






Cristobal Woman's Club has been
aiding needy for more than 50 years


Three elderly Colon women try on donated clothing.


THE MAIMED, the halt, and the blind
(74 of Colon's neediest aged men and
women) gather every Thursday morn-
ing, rain or shine, outside the Inter-
American Woman's Club building in
Colon to receive the food packages that
the Philanthropy Committee of the Cris-


tobal Woman's Club has ready for them.
Seldom is a person under 70 years of
age accepted as eligible for assistance
under the club's philanthropy program.
Each man or woman who receives a
food package first had to present a letter
from a pastor or a charitable organiza-








Mrs. Arthur
'i, Logan, committee
member, presents
small checks to
help two indigent
men pay their
room rent.


tion, for a desperate situation is a
requisite to receiving this help. If some-
times a younger person is seen in the
line of people receiving the weekly con-
tributions, it is just that some young
folks are doing a good deed by calling
for a food package for the bedridden.
Nor are they beggars, these aged and
indigent who accept help from the Cris-
tobal Woman's Club. Although they
may be "hopelessly poor," they have
their pride.
One of the men, a bearded fellow who
is a natural for Santa Claus, has a push-
cart and uses it to earn whatever he can.
Only when he is out of work and des-
perately in need does he join the Thurs-
day morning line.
A pert woman, who admits to 77
years, always arrives neatly dressed and
oft-times with some little gift which
may be a few oranges or a handful of
limes. "I loves to give and I loves to
receive," is her philosophy. Recently,
along with her food package, she also
was given a dress which she tried on for
size. "You look dashing," one of the Club
members told her. "Oh, I was a dasher
when I was young," answered Mary,
with a youthful sparkle in her eyes.
A few of the aged women who come
each week for food parcels had worked


MARCH 3, 1961







as maids years ago. The people for whom
they worked had retired and returned to
the States to live but, in most cases, had
continued to send money until f.iilih
circumstances made further care of the
maid impossible. Many are blind or
nearly blind, and some are well-nigh
helpless. In the latter category is Annie
S., who has been bedridden for years.
But Malvina, her friend, who also is old
and almost crippled, calls for the food
packages for the two of them.
In more dire straits is Hannah W.,
who is totally blind. She stays in her
small room at all times, with her only
visitors being occasional friends or
neighbors.
Several who receive help, although
desperately poor themselves, are trying
to care for grandchildren, too. One such
case is that of Rachael B., who depends
on the weekly food package and who
found herself suddenly with three
grandchildren to care for after their
parents were killed in an accident.
\hate\er the contribution may be,
the people in the Thursday morning line
like to have the article wrapped. They
are glad to receive a dress, or slip, or
trousers and shirts, but they would
rather not go into the street carrying an
article unwrapped.
At Christmas time, when Christmas
grocery bags with individual gifts are
given out, the elderly people make brief
speeches. For some it is the only time
of the year that thel become articulate,
and the theme is always the same: "God
bless the Americans." One of the
women, who writes a neat, Old World
school hand, wrote: "Thanking you for
us. . May the United States be
blessed and increase in all their under-
takings and may all of you be pros-
perous, healthy, and strong. May God
bless you all."
The weekly package given each of
the 74 aged and indigent consists of 5
tablespoons of oats; 5 tablespoons of
sugar; 3 tablespoons of tea; a can of
beans, or soup if the recipient is ill;
1% pounds of rice; a can of milk, and
a piece of soap. Rubbing liniment is
given anyone who wants some. Some-
times there are extras, and there always
are extras at Christmas and New Year's.
This past Christmas, besides the regular
needy, 90 additional needy persons of
Colon were given Christmas grocery
bags and gifts.
Making possible the weekly program
are regular donations by the Cristobal
Woman's Club members; regular con-
tInbutsiis by Atlantic-side businessmen
and shipping companies; the Ullrich
Foundation, and contributions by per-
sonal friends of the Club's Philanthropy
Committee. Mrs. Perry Francey and
Mrs. Robert A. Allan head the com-


Mrs. Perry Francey, co-chairman of committee, helps hand out supplies to the needy who
call for them during regular Thursday morning distribution at basement room in Colon.


mittee, which has carried on this work
the past 3 years. The committee
members are: Mrs. Arthur Logan, Mrs.
A. T. Jones, Mrs. B. I. Everson, and
Mrs. Ronald Owen. Every Thursday,
for about 3 hours from 8:30 a.m.,
they may be found in the basement of
the Colon Unit of the Inter-American
Woman's Club building, packaging the
rice and beans and sugar and tea, and
handing out the food packages. Ranged
along the walls of the room used by the
Cristobal Woman's Club Philanthropy
Committee are cardboard boxes, label-
led to show the contributions they con-
tain, such as pajamas, skirts, shirts,
shorts, trousers, dresses, and underwear.
The philanthropy program of the
Cristobal Woman's Club has been active
since the Club was formed in 1907-
almost 54 years.
When the United States first under-
took the building of the Panama Canal,
the well-being of the construction work-
ers was as vital a problem as that of
JI cin.iv.liLn technicalities. To compen-
sate in a small measure for the priva-
tions and discomforts of the home-
makers, the Uhited States Government
actively sponsored the formation of
women's clubs in Cristobal, Ancon, Pe-
dro Miguel, Paraiso, Empire, Gorgona,
and Gatun. These seven clubs, organized
in 1907, formed the Canal Zone Federa-
tion of Woman's Clubs, which provided
a general means of drawing lonely


women together in a strange land.
The Cristobal Woman's Club, the first
to be formed, was organized Septem-
ber 17, 1907, and is the only one of the
original seven clubs to remain in con-
tinuous existence. And it is still carrying
on one of its first aims-to help the un-
fortunate through philanthropic work.
In 1921 a Free Clinic was established
by the Club in the Colon Health Office.
During the depression of 1921 and 1922
a soup kitchen was established in a
corer of the Gilbert House, which was
then used as a clubhouse by the Club.
Each day the clubwomen made and
served thousands of bowls of soup.
During World War I, the philan-
thropy department became the Red
Cross department, but in 1918 the phi-
lanthropy department resumed its own
work once more, giving food and cloth-
ing to deserving families in Colon.
Long before 8:30 a.m. each Thurs-
day, the .iiad. the lame, and the near-
blind begin to congregate to await the
arrival of the Cristobal Woman's Club
Philanthrophy Committee members.
Some assist one another, and some lean
upon a youngster. Each carries a sack
or neatly home-sewn bag in which are
placed the food contributions that are
to last until the following Thursday.
"Thank'ee kiidl\, ma'am," said one
frail old woman, as she accepted her
food package. "I'm goin" right home
and fix me a splash of tea."


TIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






Overhaul

in

Pictures

THE OVERHAUL of Gatun Locks is
virtually complete as you read this and
these scenes from the periodic project
now are history. With plans now being
made to change overhaul procedures in
the future, Zonians may not see some
of these scenes duplicated again.
The empty east lane in the photo
below is one of the scenes that will be
a thing of the past during future over-
hauls if present plans materialize, while
the view of the 250-ton floating crane
Hercules preparing to lift a miter gate
from place, as seen in lower left, is ex-
pected to be standard in future overhauls.
The photo at left caught the eye of
the photographer because of the con-
trasts in the cranes shown: The huge
Hercules moving a small crane from
the lock walls as easily as a person might
pick up a pencil. "Handy gadget, isn't
it?" one observer commented.





. M
ilI1^^^x^' L ^SlilS


Ey S!S





,HH'X^

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Richard Parker beside water trap he developed to separate water from stored gasoline.


So YOU THINK something is silly, un-
necessary, unsafe, too costly, or waste-
ful. You think there's a better, safer, less
expensive, or otherwise improved way
to do it-whatever "it" may be. And just
what do you do about your thoughts?
Stew in them-or act on them?
A number of Company-Government
employees act on such thoughts by sub-
mitting suggestions to the Incentive
Awards Suggestion Committee, headed
by John D. Hollen, Chief of the Ex-
ecutive Planning Staff and permanent
chairman of the committee, which also
includes two bureau directors on a ro-
tating basis. At present, the other two
members are B. I. Everson, director of
the Transportation and Terminals Bu-
reau; and L. A. Ferguson, director of
Supply and Community Service Bureau.
Not only do employees making such
suggestions to the committee manage
to do something about their thoughts,
but they may pick up some cash for
their efforts. Approximately one of every
four such suggestions are adopted-and
a cash award is made in recognition of
the proposal's value.
The major purpose behind the Incen-
tive Awards Program is to encourage all
employees to participate in a united ef-
fort to improve the efficiency, economy
or effectiveness of the Canal organization.
Although most cash awards made
under the program are for suggestions
which have a direct tonnet-tnon with
cash savings, several awards are made
each year for suggestions involving


little, if any, cash savings, but pro-
viding intangible benefits for the Canal.
Mrs. Dorothy M. Hall of the Dredg-
ing Division was awarded $50 for a
suggestion providing such intangible
benefits. She proposed that hospital pa-
tients not on a restricted diet be allowed
to choose their food preferences from
a selective type menu.
In similar vein, Leonard Wolford of
the Navigation Division received $15
for suggesting that a special envelope
be used for sending ship clearance
papers to ships using the Canal. One
side of the envelope contains a list of
pertinent information which the ship
must supply to gain clearance to proceed
and the other side carries an artist's
concept of a ship and a partially open
lock gate, along with a statement about
what the envelope contains.
Any cash savings which might result
from Mr. 'olforid's suggestion would
be virtually impossible to determine, but
it was adopted because of the additional
service it would provide to Canal cus-
tomers at only minor expense to the
Canal organization.
In most cases, however, the dollar
savings which result from instituting a
sl.igtstion can be estimated with a fair
degree of accuracy. When this is pos-
rlhh. the amount of the cash award to
the employee is determined by the first
year savings, on the basis of the sched-
ule printed with this article. The sim-
plicity or complexity of the ,.Iiiei'.tion
does not determine its value. Oltrvi \ .lIi-


Cash



For



Ideas



Try your ideas on the
Incentive Awards Committee
You may help fellow workers
and earn yourself some money





able suggestions are little more than sim-
ple changes in procedures or methods.
Mrs. Aldona V. Skeistaitis, formerly
an employee of the Police Division, was
awarded $50 for suggesting a new
method of scanning police records to
determine which of them should be
removed because the individuals had
reached the age of 65. Formerly, the
age of the individual was determined
by subtracting the date of the record
from the year in which the record is
being reviewed, then adding the differ-
ence to the age of the individual at the
time the record was created. Mrs. Skeis-
taitis suggested that it would be easier
and faster to simply establish the birth-
date, with the knowledge that all those
born in 1895 or earlier would be 65
or older during 1960. Savings resulting
from using her method were estimated at
$942 per year, hence the award of $50.
Similarly, Dr. Paul H. Dowell of the
Supply and Community Service Bureau
was awarded $120 for proposing that
pasture clearing be done under nego-
tiated contract on a per lot or per hec-
tare basis, rather than by employees of
the Company-Government. The sugges-
tion resulted in savings of approximately
$3,800 per year, and thus earned Dr.
Dowell the $120 cash award.
Under the schedule of cash awards
now in effect, the minimum award is
$10, regardless of whether the i.Ise- 1-
tion results in tangible cash savings or is
of intangible benefit to the Canal organ-
ization. Theoretically, there is no maxi-


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW












Fire Division
Lt. J. R. Olsen
demonstrates
putting old
couplings on new
fire hose, a
proposal he
submitted for
saving money.


mum award for ( tlihi type of idea, but
the largest award ever made was $465
to Charles Jackson, Jr., Administrative
Officer of the Marine Bureau, for pro-
posing that concrete be used to redeck
the ferry Presidente Amador.
The amount of the award to Mr. Jack-
son was based on a first year cash saving
of $47,953 in the cost of redecking
the ferry. The suggestion also was con-
sidered the best one processed by the
Incentive Awards Committee during
calendar year 1958 and Mr. Jackson
was presented a $200 gold watch as a
special award.
The annual presentation of a gold
watch to the employee making the most
valuable suggestion during the year was


started in 1957, when the first watch
was presented to Joseph L. H. Demers,
who suggested tl.inc-s which reduced
transportation expenses in the Store-
house Branch by $2,542. In addition
to the yearend award of the watch, Mr.
Demers received a $90 cash award for
the suggestion.
Other employees who have been
awarded gold watches are Daniel M.
Eggleston of the Engineering Division,
who proposed a change in accounting
procedures within the division which
saved $17,424 per year, and George
D. Gregory of the Dredging Division,
whose suggestion that wooden buoys,
beacons, and day-markers be replaced
with steel structures is expected to result


This group of Canal employees received cash awards for suggestions at a ceremony in the
Administration Building last October. John D. McElheny, Acting Governor at the time,
presented the awards. From left to right: J. A. Hoverson, N. D. Christensen, Alfonso
Rowland, G. O. Parker, John M. Klasovsky, Richard E. Parker, Acting Governor McElheny,
Albert D. Collins, George G. Gregory, William H. Keller, Jr., George I. Griffith, Rudolph
L. Jemmott, Russell A. Weade, and Earl E. Bennett.


in annual savings of $38,900. Mr. Egg-
leston also received a cash award of
$315 for his suggestion and Mr. Gregory
was awarded $420, the second highest
award ever made under the program.
Although most cash awards are made
to individual employees, there are oc-
casional suggestions submitted by more
than one employee. Any cash award
for such a joint suggestion is divided
equally among the persons making the
sugll stioni Mrs. Edith W. Cotton, for-
ii11i i\ '.ith the Terminals Division, and
a fellow employee of the division, Mrs.
Beth C. \\~dd-ell. received $25 each
for suggesting elimination of one of two
sets of books in which identical infor-
mation about Panama Line cargo was
entered. The suggestion resulted in
annual s., inigs of approximately $874,
thus earning the $50 cash award which
was divided between the two women.
In a recent bulletin, the Incentive
Awards Committee answered three
major questions about the suggestion
program. The bulletin defines sugges-
tions as "constructive ideas which will
increase ( thiu nt and improve service
by: making an operation easier, faster,
or safer; doing away with unnecessary
paper work, avoiding delays; elimi-
nating duplication of work, saving time,
money, or material."
In answering the question about
where suggestions should come from,
the bulletin says they "should come
from all individual employees or groups
of employees who are alert to: im-
proving the work of fellow employees;
improving Panama Canal Company and
Canal Zone Government operations."
The third question and answer con-
cerns proposals which the Incentive
Awards Committee does not consider
employee suggestions. These proposals,
the bulletin says, "ordinarily point up
inadequacies in working conditions or
environmental problems which should
generally be handled through channels
other than the Suggestion Program."
The bulletin lists "requests for normal
maintenance repairs and routine serv-
ices, proposals for changes in pay, vaca-
tions, or other personnel items, subjects
included in regular job requirements,
ideas for personal convenience rather
than general benefit, and obvious errors
in procedures and regulations," as being
in this category.
An example of one possible proposal
which would not be considered accept-
able as an employee suggestion could
be a proposal that grass in housing areas
be cut more frequently. By approaching
the problem of too tall grass from
another angle, however, such a sugges-
tion might be made acceptable. One
possible alteration would be to propose
the planting of a certain type of slow-

12 MARCH 3, 1961































growing grass, thus reducing the need
for frequent cutting.
All that is required to submit a sug-
gestion is to obtain a su.j_.estiin form,
or use an ordinary sheet of paper, ex-
plain your sjavtiion and send it to
the Incentive Awards Committee. Once
the committee receives it, the suggestion
is dated, numbered, acknowledged, and
the committee's files then are checked
to determine whether or not the idea


Leonard Wolford
displays envelopes
he suggested.















has been submitted earlier. It then is
verifaxed, with the name of the ori-
ginator being withheld. The verifax
copy then is forwarded to the unit or
units most concerned for any comment
unit o)thu i.l may wish to make about
the acceptability of the idea.
Following return of the suggestion
and comments to the committee, the
comments are studied by James G. E.
\l,il',iii, secretary of the committee.


If he considers the comments inade-
quate, Mr. Maguire asks the unit for
further comment or a personal investi-
gation is made. \\hen the investigation
and comments are considered complete,
the suggestion is sent to the committee
for final review and evaluation. Award
cliirilit\ is determined at a regular
hl)i n lnhl) meeting. Checks for the orig-
inators of those adopted are made out
a few days after the committee meeting,
then presented to the originators, along
with letters of commendation from the
Governor-President.
Although most suggestions are pro-
cessed readily, various problems some-
times arise which prevent an immediate
decision. Once a decision is made, the
originator of the suggestion is notified
as to whether or not the idea has been
adopted. Even if the decision is against
adoption, the originator still will receive
a cash award if the idea is put into use
within 2 years of the date of rejection.
So, if you have a pet idea about how
something can be done more efficiently,
or improve service, write it up, submit
it to the committee, and wait for the
payoff. Last year, one of every four
suggestions were adopted and a cash
award made. Were you among those
who got a check? If not, why not try
your hand this year-or whenever you
come up with a good idea. Not only will
the Company-Government receive the
benefit of your thinking, but your bank
account may also receive a boost.


James G. E. Maguire, Secretary to Incentive Awards Committee,
supplies some additional explanation to Committee concerning a
suggestion being studied. Committee members, from left to riaht.
are B. I. Everson, John D. Hollen, chairman, and L. A. Ferguson.


THE PANS.~ A CANAL REVIEW


Cash Awards
TANGIBLE BENEFITS
Annual wit iniig Amount of award
$1-$290 _-.0 $10
$201-$1,000 --_ $10 for first $200 in annual savings
and $5 for each additional $100 or
fraction thereof
$1,001-$10,000 $50 for first $1,000 in annual savings
and S5 for each additional $200 or
fraction thereof
$10.00nI-SI.l00,000 $275 for the first $10,000 in annual
s.n ingi and Si' for each additional
S 1.(000 or fraction thereof
$100,001 or more_ $725 for the first $100,000 in annual
savings and $5 for each additional
$5,000 or fraction thereof
INTANGIBLE BENEFITS
Extent of application
Value of benefit Limited Broad General
Minor ---- 10- $.30 $20-$100 $75-$200
Major ---- $40-$100 '$60-S250 $150-$500
E\tr.iordinar __-- $100-$250 S-200-S50. $400-up












Toward



New Mules



For Canal



A former editor of "The Review"
recently visited Japan while on a
round-the-world trip. At our re-
quest she prepared this report on
the new towing locomotives now
being built for the Panama Canal.


By ELEANOR MCILHENNY
Former Editor, THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


IN six manufacturing plants scattered
over some 700 miles on the main Japa-
nese island of Honshu and in two mod-
ern steel and concrete office buildings
in the heart of Tokyo, the new towing
locomotives for the Panama Canal locks
are gradually taking shape.
Already, a wood and composition
board mockup of the 34-foot machines,
complete to control levers and a guard
around the light in its cab, stands on a
siding in a factory of Kisha Seizo Kaisha,
Ltd. (train manufacturing conip.ni~,) on
the outskirts of this sprawling city of
more than 9 million. One end is boxed, as
it will eventually be sheathed in stainless
steel; the other has been left open to
reveal the machinery within. Con-
formin- v-actlh to the dimensions of the
new mill' ---40. 74 inches overall length
including bihupt r,. 150 inches tall, and
130.4 inches wide, including the cable
fair-leads, it is practically ready for
inspection by a group of Canal en-
gineers who are expected in Japan
within the next few weeks.
At the present time, the mockup is
tucked away in a corner of a lofty shop
building which looks for all the world
like the shops in the Balboa industrial


area, except that, unlike Balboa, ice
forms on puddles in the yards on these
cold January mornings. By the time the
Canal Zone inspection party arrives, it
will be placed on a tilting platform to
allow for close examination of every part.
Not far from the location of the mock-
up, work is under way on cars for Japa-
nese railroads and equipment for
Tokyo's subways. Some of the features
of the railroad and subway cars will be
incorporated in the Canal's new mules.
The towing locomotives will be
assembled in this shed and tested
behind it, on 600 feet of track identical
with that on which the machines will
run to tow ships back and forth through
the locks. Some of the test track is
coming from the Canal Zone-extras
which could be spared from the locks;
curved sections of the track, of which
there was none to spare, is being
manufactured here.
If all goes well, the first finished loco-
motive will be assembled in June. If
tests on this machine are satisfactory,
six locomotives will then be assembled
and shipped to the Canal Zone to be
tried out on the locks. The present target
date for loading aboard ship is Sep-


Kyoji Ogawa, designers, inspect the mockup.

tember 11, with installation in the Canal
Zone scheduled for early November.
Coordinating center for the con-
struction of the towing locomotives is
the Tokyo office of the prime con-
tractor, Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd.
(Three Diamonds-for their insignia-
Trading Company), directly across a
traffic-loaded 8-lane boulevard from
the walled moat which surrounds the
Imperial Palace grounds.
Hatsuo (Oldest Son) Sasano, who
has the jaw-breaking title of Assistant
Chief of the Rolling Stock Export Divi-
sion, Machinery Export Department,
Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, Ltd., is the
Japanese head of the Can.i's towing
locomotive project. A slim, mutltiliigual.
bespectacled man, he is a graduate of
the Tokyo University of Commerce and
a veteran of 18 years with Mitsubishi.
Two visits to the Canal Zone have made
him thoroughly familiar with the
Panama Canal's requirements for its
new locomotives.
Three times a week, the Panama
Canal's resident inspector for the loco-
motives, Robert D. Donaldson, Jr.,
makes the 20-mile trip from his Yoko-
hama headquarters through some of the

14 MARCH 3, 1961







most frenzied traffic in the world to
consult with Mr. Sasano on the progress
of the job. The other 2 days, Mr.
Donaldson works in the office in Yoko-
hama provided by the U.S. Army
Procurement Agency; there he and his
two Japanese assistants, one an en-
gineer, the other a secretary, handle
correspondence and write reports.
On at least 1 of their 3 Tokyo days,
Mr. Donaldson and Mr. Sasano will
confer with Juichi Kaku, director and
chief engineer of Tokyo Denki Seizo
K.K. (Tokyo Electric Manufacturing
Company, Ltd.). Mr. Kaku's unusual
first name means "Market Place; an
Abundance of Good Things," and re-
flects his parents' desire that he do well
in the world. He is a graduate of Car-
negie Institute of Technology and holds
his master's degree from Worcester
Polytechnic Institute. in Massachusetts.
His company is responsible for the
technical coordination of the manufac-
ture of the locomotives. The job is
considered so important that one
section of the office has been walled
off and a sign on its door says "P.C.C.
Locomotive Engineer Center."
In the outer office, Mr. Kaku proudly
points out to visitors two mementos of
the Canal-a Master Key certificate
awarded during one of his three visits
to the Isthmus and a wall hanging pur-
chased on Central Avenue and depicting
an old-style towing locomotive bustl-
ing along a palm-edged lock wall.
The hanging, he adds, will have to
be updated when the new towing
locomotives go into use.
Another regular stop for Mr. Donald-
son and Mr. Sasano is the KSK plant


*-
I 1
Mr. and Mrs. I. F.'
McIlhenny and
Hatsuo Sasano
with mockup.











where the mockup is located. Their
main contacts here are two graduates
of the Technical School of Nippon Uni-
versity, Kiyoji (Divine Second Son)
Ogawa, who has been with KSK for 20
years, and Tadamasa (Trustworthy
Person) Yuki, who has been with the
company for the past 14 years.
The conferences are invariably pre-
ceded by coffee or tea, the pale green
Japanese type, served in an attractive
room where a handsome plate propped
up on a stand or an arrangement of
three pine boughs in a cream and gray
pottery vase give a true Japanese touch
to the otherwise Western-style room.
Other days, they may visit the











R. D. Donaldson
and Hatsuo Sasano
at latter's office.


II
WL

F


JI





*0tj


Yokohama works of Toyo Denki Seizo,
where the traction and other motors
and the windlass machinery are being
manufactured. Or they may go to the
Nagoya factory of the Mitsubishi Elec-
tric Manufacturing Co., which is
turning out the circuit breakers for the
towing locomotives.
Ten miles from Yokohama is Toyo
Denki Seizo's Totsuka works; there the
controlling equipment and the materials
for the windlasses will be assembled
and tested with steel-cored Japanese
cable which meets the specifications


Juichi Kaku at his FCC office.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






of the U.S.-manufactured cable which
\ ill be used when the locomotives
operate on the Canal.
But not all of Mr. Sasano's and Mr.
Donaldson's inspection trips keep them
so comparatively close to home.
Wheels and axles for the locomotives
are being made at the Sumitomo Metal
Co., in Osaka, about 300 miles south-
east of Tokyo. This company is a sub-
contractor of Kisha Seizo Kaisha. A trip
to Osaka entails a low, and usually very
'onluch, flight from Tokyo on a Japanese
airline which flies well out to sea to
bypass 12,365-foot Mount Fujiyama.
Two hundred miles farther from
Tokyo than Osaka, but in the same
general direction, is the Mihara plant
of Mjls-ibihin's Heavy Industries (Re-
organized) where gears and gear boxes
and the air brakes for the locomotives
are being turned out. Mihara can be
reached by plane and train, or by train
-an 11-hour ride-on one of the crack
electric and steam railroads which
crisscross Japan. Considerably warmer
than Tokyo, Mihara verges on the
subtropical, Mr. Donaldson says.


Complete view of the wood and composition-board mockup of new towing locomotive.


The last of the Japanese factories
which are participating in the con-
struction of the towing locomotives, is


the Niigata Converter Co. plant. This
one, where the twin-disc-type clutches
are being made under license of Twin-
Disc Clutch Co., of Rockford, Ill., is at
Kamo, 200 miles north of Tokyo.
Although Kamo is only a comparatively
short train ride from Tokyo, 4 hours or
so, the field trip to the factory there has
been one of the most rugged Mr.
Donaldson has made.
Kamo is in mountainous country,
where skiers flock by the thousands dur-
ing the winter. They are more inured to
the Japanese-type, unheated hotels than
the Panama Canal's resident inspector.
While the fabrication of the various
component parts of the locomotives is
going on in these scattered plants, the
strain gage testing of a model of the
frame design has already been com-
pleted successfully at the KSK plant
in Tokyo-the same plant where the
mockup stands.
The tests were made on a steel frame,
built one-fifth size of the actual under-
carriage and loaded with iron blocks.
The stresses were reviewed by the Japa-
nese National Railroad, which performs
functions similar to those of the U.S.
Bureau of Standards.
Still on the drawing boards at Toyo
Denki Seizo's Totsuka works are the
designs for the three cranes which are
included in the towing locomotive con-
tract. They will be built on frames
identical with those of the towing loco-
motives, will have a lifting C3p.i_ it% of
14 tons with a radius of 13 feet.
The cranes are to be built at TDS's
Yokohama works, and assembled and
tested at the same Tokyo plants
where the towing locomotives will be
assembled and tested. The first of the
cranes will not be ready for about a year.

16 MARCH 3, 1961


How the Other Half Lives
WHILE MR. DONALDSON is getting acquainted with Japan through his trips
to the various plants where components of the towing locomotives are being
manufactured, his family is staying close to its home base, but also learning
much of the country which is their temporary home.
The Donaldsons-Bob, Jean, Bert, John, and Rae Eli_,.ib,-thi-.i comfortably
quartered in a t' r,-f.innil house in a Navy area in Yokohama called Bayview.
From the front of the house, on a clear day, they can see Yokohama Harbor;
from the back they have a splendid view of Mount Fuji\ .,,i.1
The houses in their neighborhood are scattered along iidit L. with undevel-
oped sections between, and enough of wildness has been left that partridges
have appeared in the tall grass not far from their quarters.
In Japan's cold winter weather, the grass is brown and the only color comes
from evergreens, but there are cherry trees not far away and all of the Donald-
sons are anticipating the fabled beauty of a Japanese spring.
They are all studying Japanese-a study on which the senior Donaldsons
embarked even before they left the Canal Zone-and while none of them lays
claim to fluency, they can say a few phrases, understand a few words, and
read a few characters.
The three young Donaldsons have found ample outlets for their .Iin ii\.
They attend a Navy school not far from their house; its student body includes
all grades from first through high school and has overflowed from its original
building to a dozen or more te nilrr.r\ classrooms in what was once a play-
ground. So crowded has the school area become that the roof has been fenced
to make a recreation area.
The boys belong to 'teen clubs and Rae Elizabeth had carried her interest
in Brownies-very junior Girl Scouts-to Japan. All of them have taken trips
to areas around Yokohama with these groups.
Mrs. Donaldson works with the Brownie troops and, when she can, joins
tours which the Navy arranges for the families in that section. One day recently
she went to Tokyo to visit the U.S. Embassy and its offices. Other trips have
taken her farther afield-to the one-time capital of Japan at Kyoto, for instance.
The entire family has learned to like Japanese food and can manage to sit
( -li, 11CI d- in the floor for long stretches at a time. All of them yield to '.,'it
E.i, Fll/,.In.tl however, on the matter of chopsticks. She is more adept at
handling them than either her parents or her brothers.








Ingenuity


Speeds


Welding


AN INGENIOUS application of two
welding devices in the Industrial Di-
vision has reduced the time spent
rebuilding the worn surface of a ball
joint on dredging pipe from 24 hours
of welding time to 3 hours.
In the past, when dredge pipe ball
joints were reconditioned, the joint
aces were built up by manual welding.
This was a tedious job, requiring
approximately 24 hours of welding per
face and including considerable re-
positioning of the worn joint as the
welding progressed.
The Division has been making con-
siderable use of its submerged arc
welding head during the past year, but
this equipment normally moves down
a track placed above the material to be
welded and thus could only be used for
straight welds.
Porter McHan, foreman welder in
the Division Boiler Shop, decided that
if the work could be held in a welding
positioner operated at the proper speed,
the submerged arc welding head could
be used to reduce labor costs consider-
ably on the 80 ball joints which the
Division had to recondition.
An old, manually operated welding


Fred Trout and helper operating combination welding rig on dredging pipeball joint.


positioner was overhauled and fitted
with the necessary drive mechanism so
it could turn the work, then the welding
head was placed in a stationary position
and operated while the work rotated
under it. Once the welding is started
on a new piece, the only manual opera-
tion by the welder is the advancing of
the work once per revolution. A
welder helper replenishes the flux in
the conical hopper of the welding
head, then chips the flux coating from
the completed weld.
As indicated by the term "submerged
arc," the arc of the welding head is con-
tinuously submerged in granular flux,
making it unnecessary for the operators
to wear dark glasses. The submerged


arc also insures a high quality weld
without oxidation.
Still looking for improvements in the
new method, the Industrial Division
now is installing another positioner to
make a second setup just like the first,
then plans to put one welder in charge of
both operations, thus obtaining further
savings in the cost of reconditioning
the ball joints.
As familiarity with the process de-
velops, it is believed that many other
applications for the equipment will
develop. Industrial Division welders
already are planning to weld the
dredge pipe sections with this new
labor-saving process and are considering
some other uses.


(Continued from p. 7)

ice, is 45 years of age, speaks little
Spanish, and is from Virginia, one of
the Middle Atlantic States.
Running a close second to Mr. Weade
is Francis W. Werlein, a welder at
Gatun Locks. He has the requisite
number of years of Canal service and
total Federal service, but is only 44
years of age, is a native of Minnesota,
and makes slightly more than the aver-
age wage, although he has slightly
below the average amount of education.
Also, like the statistically "typical"
employee, he is not a second generation
Zonian, is married to a U.S. citizen, is
male, speaks little Spanish, and has two
children, as close as it is possible to get
to the statistical average of 1.85children.
Standing even with Mr. Werlein is
Earl C. Keeney, clerk in the basement
vault of the Administration Building,
who has one more child than the stip-
ulated two, 3 years more of Canal


service than the average of 13, is from
Michigan, and makes slightly below the
average salary.
Although not "typical" on four points,
Mr. Keeney is average in being a male,
not a second generation Zonian, married
to a U.S. citizen, having 13 years of
education, and 16 years of Federal serv-
ice, being 45 years of age, and speaking
little Spanish.
By extending the study somewhat
beyond the limits of the Personnel
Bureau survey, THE REVIEW discovered
that the men are poles apart on their
activities during nonworking hours,
thus indicating that even employees
who are near typical on several major
points cannot be considered "average"
in the sense that they are alike in all
activities and interests.
Mr. Weade, for example, describes
himself as "a tinkerer" during his off-
dut\ hours, fixing all kinds of things
around the house and doing much of his


own automobile work. He also is inter-
ested in fishing, playing golf, and
making lamps for friends.
Mr. Keeney, who admits to a liking
for the out-of-doors when he has the
time, is an accomplished organist and
for the past 12 years has been organist
and choir master at St. Luke's Episcopal
Church, a task which takes much of his
otherwise off-duty time.
Mr. Werlein's favorite spare-time
pursuits are fishing and lobstering, with
an occasional hunting trip to change the
pace a little.
Just as the three near-typical U.S.
citizen employees of the Canal dtifl.t in
their spare time interests, so do they
differ in their jobs with the waterway-
locomotive operator, vault clerk, and
welder-which only proves that it is
difficult to reduce some 3.742 indi-
viduals in hundreds of different jobs
to a single common denominator, par-
ticularly when dealing with a group as
versatile as Zone employees.


THE PANA.MA CANAL REVIEW


























Engineer Frank Robinson and student John Finlason at Cut-widening.


Engineers for a Day


Young Finlason and Project Engineer Charles Brandl.


A TOTAL OF 21 students from Zone
high schools took advantage of the op-
portunity to be "engineers for a day"
last month and spent a day on the job
with various engineers, learning more
about what the profession involves
in the field.
The "day" was sponsored by the
various engineers' associations on the


Isthmus as part of National Engineers'
Week, which was observed near the
end of February. Purpose of the
"engineer for a day" program was to
stimulate interest in engineering.
A number of the students taking part
in the day's program visited the Cut-
widening project, while others visited
other construction projects now being


carried out here.
John Finlason, shown at the Cut-
widening pijlct, is typical of the
students who participated. Interested
students also had a chance to hear a talk
by Ralph A. Tudor, well known civil
engineer and a member of the Panama
Canal Company's Board of Directors,
during the week's events.


Zone Floats in Carnival Parades
As ZONIANS joined in the observance -7
of Carnival last month, the high level
bridge now being built across the Canal
at Balboa served as the model for iden-
tical Zone floats in the Carnival parades
on both sides of the Isthmus.
The floats, mounted on flatbed trailer-
trucks, carried replicas of the bridge,
with crossed United States and Panama
flags on one end and flags of other
nations of the hemisphere on the op-
posite end, thus symbolizing the bridge's
future role as a connecting link between
North and South America.
The Pacific-side float carried Queen .. .
Mayra Maduro and members of her
court, all students at Balboa High ..
School, ihllr- the Atlantic-side float car-
ried Queen Lesley Berger and her court,
all students at Cristobal High School.
Carnival activities included a visit -
to Palo Seco Leprosarium by Canal -
Zone Governor and Mrs. W. A. Carter
for the coronation of Reina de la Rosa
Amapola as Queen Ernestina I, who was
crowned by the wife of Col. Erlint S.
Fugelso, Dirt.tr of the Canal Zone
Health Bureau. Pacific-side Zone Carnival float gets finishing touches.


18 MARCH 3, 1961







Onetime Baby Cradle Now Classroom Fixture


A REPLICA of a Norwegian Viking ship, which 13 years ago
was the cradle of the son of Mr. and Mrs. O. E. Jorstad of
MaNjg.iiti, now stands with sail unfurled in room 13 of the
South Margarita School, where Mrs. Jorstad serves as fourth
grade teacher.
Mr. Jorstad started making the ship cradle before his son
was born and completed it when young Jon was 2 months
old. It served as the boy's cradle until he was old enough to
climb out of it.
The Viking ship is of authentic Norwegian design, including
a dragon figurehead and a steering paddle that really works.
Jon's initials are carved on the paddle. The original sail,
centered with the fighting lion of Norway, was designed so it
could be moved to keep the wind off the sleeping baby. Now,
after being renewed for the third time, the sail is stationary.
The dragonhead on the bow has been given his second set
of teeth while the creature's tail also has had to undergo repairs
since the Viking ship has been making trips as an exhibit in
Cristobal High School's history classes.
Disks along the sides of the ship bear Norwegian characters,
with the center one a king. After the disks were carved, Mrs.
Jorstad recalls, ingenuity and music combined for the achieve-
ment of a perfect painting job. Mr. Jorstad found he could
achieve the effect he desired by placing each disk on the turn-
table of his record player. As the disk revolved, it was painted
evenly and deftly.
The Viking ship, even though it was used as a cradle, is
more than a simple piece of furniture. It proudly proved quite
seaworthy when given a sea water test, sans baby, of course.
Both Mr. and Mrs. Jorstad are of Norwegian ancestry. Mrs.
Jorstad's parents were born in Norway, as were three older
members of her family, although she was born in the United
States.
Mr. Jorstad speaks and writes Norwegian and keeps in
contact with relatives in Norway. In 1935 he made a trip to
Norway with the Concordia College Band of Moorehead,
Minn., and the old Viking ships he saw displayed there made a
lasting impression, which led to the making of the ship-cradle.
Although he holds a bachelor's degree in history, a bachelor's


Mr. Jorstad and son Jon pose with cradle modeled on Viking ship.

degree in music, and a master's degree in education with a
major in music, he has a deft hand for designing and carving.
When Jon was young, Mr. Jorstad made many of the boy's
toys. Instead of a conventional rocking horse, for instance,
Jon did his rocking on two swans. And his bed was a four-
poster, surmounted by lions' heads right out of his grand-
father's books on Norway, from which many of his father's
designs stem.


Worth knowing...

THE FEDERAL JOINT CRUSADE to raise funds for CARE,
Crusade for Freedom, and American-Korean Foundation
started last month and will continue through April 8 under
the direction of Lt. Gov. John D. McElheny, Chairman of the
Governor's Council for Voluntary Giving, which is sponsoring
the drive in the Company-Government.
The fund-raising campaign is being conducted in all Zone
agencies, but no consolidated campaign organization has
been formed and no goals have been set. Similar campaigns
are being held simultaneously in Government offices and
installations throughout the United States.

A CONSULTANT from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service is
visiting the Panama area February 20 through April 14 to
ad\ ise U.S. citizens about their 1960 income tax returns.
The consultant will be available for interviews at the fol-
lowing locations: February 27 to March 10, and March 27 to
April 14, in Room 207A, Civil Affairs Building, Ancon.
Telephone Balboa 2303 for appointment.
March 13 to 24, in Room 312, Administration Building,
Cristobal. Telephone Cristobal 2765 for appointment.


A GROUP OF prominent U.S. Army engineers associated with
the design work on modification of the Canal locks and related
studies dealing with ways to reduce the time which lock lanes
are out of service during periodic overhauls, visited here
several days during February.
During their stay they conferred with Canal engineers on
the projected changes and inspected the Gatun Locks, where
an overhaul was in progress. They also inspected the Pacific
Locks and discussed ways of improving corrosion control
at the locks.
The visitors, who came from the U.S. Army Engineer
Districts of Omaha and Seattle, were joined here by Maurice
N. Quade, a consultant from the firm of Parsons, Brinkerhoff,
Quade & Douglas.
Those from the Omaha District were Edward Soucek, Chief
of the Civil Design Branch; Curtis L. Craig, Assistant Chief
of the Special Studies Unit; Aaron H. Bauman, Chief of the
Structural Design Section; Asa B. Shli.airin, Assistant Chief
of the Engineering Division of the Missouri River Division;
and Franklin S. Brown, Chief of the Eitin-ri iri, Division of
the North Pacific Division.
Representing the Seattle District were Frank Louk, Assistant
Chief of Civil Design; Harvey L. Miller, Jr., Chief of Civil
Design; and Sydney O. Steinborn, Acting Chief of the
Engineering Division.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW









ANNIVERSARIES
(On the basis of total Federal Service'


ENG El ING A
CONRIITI B U B

/tsper J G6m z
tayer

SThompso
Telephone Instrument
Repairman


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU


MARINE BUREAU


Herbert Newhouse Leo J. Eberenz
Police Private Supervisory Storekeeper
Joseph J. Riley
Leader Lock Operator
Machinist
CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT ugustine
FFIC Oiler
Otto W. e me hs/ as a
Chief Floatin lt Oiler


E\GI EERIU ND SUPPLY COMMUNITY
CONS REA V E BUREAU
Anthony R. oran
Supervisory Civil Engineer Supervisory Supply Assistant


HEALTH BUREAU
William F. Grady
Supervisory Pharmacist
Agustin Castillo
Exterminator


TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Ernest F. Hay
Clerk
John B. Monrose
Motor Vehicle Dispatcher


OFFICE OF THE
GOVERNOR-PRESIDENT
Paul M. Runnestrand
Executive Secretary, Canal
Zone Government
Executive Assistant to Pres-
ident, Panama Canal
Company
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
M. L. McKenzie
Dressing Room Attendant
Estella V. A. Moore
Laborer Cleaner
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Benjamin Suisman
Supervisory Construction
Inspector
Robert G. Laatz
Maintenance Engineer
Quentin R. Cooper
Engineman
Alphonso A. Cox
Oiler
Pascual Gil
Debris Control Leader
Laurence R. Ismay
Carpenter
Domingo De Gracia
Leadsman
Edmond C. Elliot
Clerk-Typist
Arthur C. Roach
Maintenanceman
Frank A. Anderson, Jr.
Plumbing Inspector
Evaristo Reina
Heavy Laborer
Everad F. Pile
General Helper
Archelaus E. Evans
Seaman
Eulalio Urrutia
Furniture Repairman


Jasper Wilmoth Gonzalo Ortega
Helper Marine Machinist Leader Boatman
Paree L. Roland S. Vallafranco
General Foreman, Public Helper Lock Operator
Works John M. Wheaton
Wilfred W. Allen Towboat or Ferry Master
Helper Electrician George F. Husted
Eurie B. Boyce Boilermaker
Floating Plant Foreman OFFICE OF THE
Fred Engel COMPTROLLER
Sheetmetal Worker L. Prendergast
L. L. Prendergast
HEALTH BUREAU Bookeeping Machine
Operator
Walter A. L. Keene Helen R. Sestito
Clerk Time, Leave, and Payroll
Alick D. Bell Clerk
Nursing* A sis
Mavis sDGram PLY A COMMUNITY
Nursing A \ UREAU
Pedro Cuevas red Housto
Heavy-Pest Control ab rer Restaurant N n r,
Clementina Johnson Caterer
Medical Techni n auline M. Bra f d
Sydney O. Whi Sales SectioH d
Chauffeur G vs Este m
Sa o ead
MA NE BUREA ice I. s
Alexander Rienks Sa e action Head
Elevator and Crane Inspector Lilian Johnson
Richard T. Bailey Sales Checker
Guard Verena B. Nicholas
Clerk
Manuel D. Glvez Kathleen D. Allwood
Launch Seaman Utility Worker
John E. Borden Thelma G. Lowe
Machine Operator Retail Store Supervisor
Raymond R. Simpson Muriel T. Gibbs
Babbitman Counter Attendant
Arthur Holder Jos6 V. Mero
Oiler Baker
George H. Waithe Ana Bremner Tonge
Toolroom Garment Presser
Magin L. Navarrete Richard Ford
Helper Lock Operator Timekeeper
R. L. Pennington Clifford Jemmott
Lead Foreman Maintenance Leader High Lift Truck
Machinist Operator


Olvin I. Campbell
Sales Checker
Toribio Pineda
Laborer Cleaner
Irene Waterman
Meat Packager
William J. Green
Automotive Equipment
Serviceman
Lorenzo Rojas
Laborer
Lionel R. Worrell
Storekeeping Clerk
Beatrice L. Douglas
Cash Clerk
Benito Salazar
Cemetery Worker
Adrian A. Watson
Gardener
Clara B. Belle
Counter Attendant
Levy Beckford
Sales Clerk
Daisy Clarke
Sales Clerk
Leonard W. Collins
Warehouseman
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Gerald A. Cargill
Brakeman
Julio C. G6ngora
Guard
Eric A. Bennett
Heavy Laborer
Victor Allen
Helper Automotive
Machinist
Lionel I. MacPherson
General Foreman, Ship Cargo
Operations
Ezra J. McClair
Truck Driver
Samuel Brathwaite
Truck Driver
Noel J. Morgan
High Lift Truck Operator


20 MARCH 3, 1961








PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS
January 10 through February 10


EMPLOYEES who were promoted
or transferred between January 10
and February 10 are listed below.
\\'ithn--giadc promotions and job
reclassifications are not listed.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Rena L. Givens, Clerk-Stenographer, from
Motor Transportation Division.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Division of Schools
Mary F. Darden, Ana C. Stearns, to Ele-
mentary and Secondary School Teacher.
Mary K. Roberts, to Recreation Leader.
Postal Division
Thomas L. Sellers, to Assistant Foreman,
Ma.illnri Division.
Eugene Breakfield, to Relief Supervisor,
Cristobal.
James K. Bedsworth, to Finance Branch
Superintendent.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
William H. Lovell, Robert B. Samuels,
Bookeeping Machine Operator, from
Gorgas Hospital.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Frank H. Dibble, to Operator-Foreman
Mechanic, Electrical Division.
Epifanio PNrez, to Surveying Aid, En-
gineering Division.
Dredging Division
Louis Brownie, from Heavy Laborer,
Supply Division, to General Helper.


Maintenance Division
Waldo B. Gilley, to General Foreman,
Public Works.
Wilbur B. Fall, to Leader Welder.
Arthur L. Lubinski, from Lock Op-
erator Machinist, Locks Division, to
Maintenance Machinist.
Gilbert N. Prescott, to Leader Asphalt or
Cement Worker.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Arthur W. Habeck, Ralph C. Plummer, to
Probationary Pilot.
Jos6 G. Agostini, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Julian A. Sanchez, to Seaman.
Locks Division
Burris J. Rice, to Supervisory Storekeeping
Clerk.
Charles W. Hammond, to General Foreman
Painter.
Lamar M. Lavender, to Lead Foreman
Carpenter.
McNair C. Lane, to Lead Foreman Painter.
Leavell F. Kelly, to Lock Operator Engine-
man, Hoisting and Portable.
Julia J. Holmes, Henrietta G. Winklosky,
to Time and Leave Supervisor.
Antonio Castro, to Maintenance Painter.
Industrial Division
Donovan I. Geyer, from Engineman,
Maintenance Division, to Maintenance
Machinist.
Vernon Forbes, to Helper Rigger.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
John H. Stevens, to Accounting Assistant.


Louise Young, to Accounts Maintenance
Clerk.
Rosita V. Gordon, to Sales Clerk.
Rupert L. Neblett, to Clerk-Typist.
Lovell L. Ledgister, to Pantryman.
Blakely Ford, to Laborer Cleaner.
Wilbert A. Bailey, Kenneth G. Clement,
to Laborer.
Bysy Mapp, to Produce Worker.
Gene R. Griffith, to Counter Attendant.
Livingstone M. Elliott, to Heavy Laborer.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Mendocia Pomare, to Helper Liquid Fuels
Wharfman.
Carlos Ballou, to Liquid Fuels Gauger.
David Matheus, Domingo Renteria, to Ship
Worker.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Lawrence Barca, Jr., General Engineer,
Locks Division.
Adolph Belden, Supervisory Clerk, Locks
Division.
Leo J. Eberenz, Supervisory Storekeeper,
Locks Division.
J. Douglas Lord, Supl .r iirn Storekeeping
Clerk, Locks Division.
Ida M. MeDade, Public Health Nurse,
Coco Solo Hospital.
Earl T. Gittens, Timekeeper, Locks
Division.
Antonio Castillero, Martin Dominguez,
Joseph W. C. Haig, Jos6 Ortega, Daniel
G. Roper, Pharmacy Helper, Gorgas
Hospital.


(Continued from p. 5)
teletype circuits to Lima, Peru; Miami,
Fla.; Curacao, N.W.I.; and Tegucigal-
pa, Honduras. Landline teletype circuits
connect the major airline offices in Pan-
ama with the IFSS installation, while
similar landlines provide circuits from
the IFSS to Tocumen International Air-
port, Albrook Air Force Base, and the
Air Defense Control Center at Fort
Clayton. Radiotelegraph circuits are
maintained with stations in Costa Rica,
Nicaragua, Colombia, and Ecuador.
To keep all services in operation 24
hours a day, every day of the year, the
IFSS has both operating and mainte-
nance personnel on duty around the
clock at the Civil Affairs Building, the
Chiva Chiva receiver site, and the
Corozal transmitter site.
The IFSS here maintains the same
organizational structure which exists
throughout the FAA, with two divisions
of equal status making up the station,
which operates under the control of the
Fort Worth, Tex., regional office of the
FAA. The 133 employees of the IFSS
here are split between the Air Tai fit
Management Division and the Facilities
and Materiel Division.
The Air Traffic Management Divi-
sion, personnel of which actually operate


the equipment of the station, is headed
by Station Chief John C. Nolan and
includes Assistant Station Chief James
L. Dalton, a training officer, an adminis-
trative assistant, a clerk-stenographer, 5
watch supervisors, 41 journeyman air
traffic control specialists, 5 supervisory
teletypists, and 25 teletypists.
The Facilities and Materiel Divi-
sion, personnel of which maintain all
equipment for the station, is headed
by Airway Technical District Super-
visor Thornton A. Stepp and includes
Assistant District Supervisor Clifton
A. Howell, Airway Technical Field
Office Chief Walter Grow, 5 senior
electronic maintenance technicians, 21
electronic maintenance technicians, a
clerk-stenographer, a housing manager,
a clerk-typist, 4 mechanics, and 16 em-
ployees engaged in grounds and
building maintenance.
Approximately 280 persons will be
housed in the 120 housing units now
slated for construction at Cardenas Vil-
lage, including approximately 150
adults and 130 dependents under the
age of 21. Among those who will be
inm ing into the new community, in
.Iddidnji to those from Rousseau, will
be FAA employees and their dependents
now living in Ancon, Cocoli, and Balboa.


With FAA personnel moving into the
new community from the several com-
munities in which they now reside,
many of them will be new neighbors to
each other and will have to get ac-
quainted among themselves to some
extent, at the same time as they are
widening their acquaintanceships with
other Zonians.
The new community includes a variety
of different type housing units. These
now include 16 bachelor apartments, 32
two-bedroom duplex apartments, 36
three-bedroom duplex apartments, and
6 three-bedroom cottages. Still to be
built are 4 bachelor apartments and 26
three-bedroom duplex apartments. An
additional 50 housing units may be
built after those slated for this year
are completed.
After years of living in scattered areas,
the FAA personnel moving to Cardenas
\ llagc are looking forward to being
located in the same community and
nearer to the major housing and service
areas on the Pacific side of the Isthmus.
They also are looking forward to widen-
ing their circle of friends and acquain-
tances, just as other Pacific-side Zonians
are looking forward to welcoming and
meeting the first residents of the Zone's
newest communit- -Cardenas Village.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW







































RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of February to the
employees listed below, with their birth-
places, positions, years of Canal service
and future residence.
Stanford E. Allen, Jamaica; Maintenance-
man, Electrical Division; 19 years, 4
months, 2 days; Panama.
Dorius A. Amedee, St. Lucia; Stockman,
Supply D,).-..-.. 40 years, 11 months,
15 days; Colon.
Lenard A. Archbold, Old Providence;
Crane Hookman, Industrial Division; 30
years, 4 months, 1 day; Colon.
Walter E. Benny, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Mechan-
ii 1l Sul.i. r i- r. Power Branch, Electrical
D1)i.,.i, 'l rears, 8 days; Florida.
Kara Bhagat, Punjab, India; Dock Man,
Terminals Division; 30 years, 1 month,
20 days; Panama.
Benjamin D. Bruce, B.,rl, 11i., Boatswain,
Marine Bureau; 41 ;.. r. 7 months, 6
days; Colon.
Guillermo Caballero, Panama; Locks
H. 1r,. Pacific Locks; 41 years, 1 month,
"2 ,Id .. Panama.
Oliver C. Culp, Mammoth Springs, Ark.;
Lead Foreman Plumber, Maintenance
Di.ii..i.. 27 years, 8 months, 26 days;
l 1,,,,l.,
Capt. William C. Hearon, Brooklyn, N.Y.;
Pilot, Marine Bureau; 25 years, 7 months,
29 days; Staten Island, N.Y.
Genaro Hernmndez, Spain; Lead Foreman,
Industrial Division; 42 years, 7 months,
23 days; Panama.
John Joseph, Demerara; Office Appliance
Operator, Transportation and Terminals
Bureau; 49 years, 8 months, 22 days,
Puerto Pil6n.
Donald W. Journeay, Tottenville, N.Y.;
Construction Inspector, Contract and
Inspection Division; 20 years, 9 months,
10 days; Isthmus for present.


CANAL



H llISTORY


50 Years Ago
AN INITIAL expenditure of $3,000,000
was authorized by the U.S. Govern-
ment 50 years ago this month for the
fortification of the Panama Canal. The
money was to be used for construction
of seacoast batteries and the purchase
of cannon for coast defense. The work
was to be done under direction of the
Isthmian Canal Commission.
Work was begun on the first in a
series of reinforced concrete docks
proposed in the anchorage basin at
Balboa. By March 1911, the Pacific en-
trance of the Canal was completed from
deep water to a point opposite the
Panama Railroad wharf at Balboa, a
distance of about 5 miles. The Atlantic
entrance of the waterway was completed


to its full width of 500 feet as far as
the French canal, which was more than
5 miles inland from deep water in
Limon Bay.
A disastrous fire swept Colon on
March 23, 1911, destroying 10 city
blocks, and several Isthmian Canal
Commission buildings situated on the
Mount Hope Road. The fire was said to
have originated in a frame building on
13th Street in Colon. Sailors from the
U.S.S. Paducah, which was at anchor
in the harbor, assisted the Colon fire-
men and volunteers in checking the fire
by helping to remove buildings in
the path of the fire. Several houses in
Cristobal were blistered by the heat.
25 Years Ago
THE NEW TREATY between Panama


and the United States was signed in
Wadsliiigton 25 years ago this month.
Designed to settle United States and
Panama relations on an harmonious
basis, the new treaty provided for the
abrogation of article 1 of the 1903
treaty, whereby the United States guar-
anteed the independence of Panama. It
also provided for an increase of the
Canal annuity from $250,000 to
$430,000, retroactive to 1934.
The first steps in the construction of
a road across the Isthmus were taken
when, under terms of the new treaty,
the Panama Railroad waived its exclu-
sive right to establish a road across
the Isthmus.
The treaty was lauded by newspapers
in the U.S. and Cov. Julian Schley
stated that the Canal Zone administra-
tion would do its utmost to carry out
the provisions of the new convention.
Visitors during the month of March
1936 included H. H. Woodring, Assist-
ant Secretary of War, who came here
to inspect the Canal, and Miguel M.
G6mez, President-elect of Cuba.
10 Years Ago
A WELL KNOWN Canal Zone custom
changed 10 years ago when retail stores
suspended the use of coupons for pur-
chases. Ancon Commissary was selected
for testing the change and cash sales
were made there for the first time in
March 1951. The old commissary
coupons had been used in the retail
stores since 1905.
lMr.nulllci, a program was started
under which Canal officials made trips
to the interior of Panama to investigate
the possibilities for increasing Canal
purchases of Panama agricultural, dairy,
meat, and forest products.
In \\'. ihiiigtui, President Truman
issued an executive order which author-
ized the Canal Zone Governor to
enforce strict safety regulations to
safeguard the Isthmian waterway. The
order included authority to search
vessels and harbor facilities.
One Year Ago
NEAR THE END of last March, a $6.5
million dollar contract for widening
Empire Reach was signed by Gov.
W. E. Potter with representatives of
Foster Construction Co. and Williams
Brothers Co. As part of the plan for im-
proving Canal f.ilitus, the job was
one of the most important for which a
contract was awarded during 1960.


Mrs. Bonita Kadoch, Bessemer, Mich.;
Assistant Chief Dietitian, Coco Solo
Hospital; 11 years, 10 months, 14 days;
Isthmus.
Randolph Lashley, Panama; Roofer, Main-
tenance Division; 31 years, 6 months,
10 days; Panama.
Leoncio Lara, Panama; Ship \\ ..rk, r. Ter-
minals Division; 14 years, 7 months, 21
days; Panama.
Domingo Lasso, Panama; Guard, Railroad
Division; 30 years, 10 months, 14 days;
Panama.
James E. Lawson, Troy, Ala.; Auditor, In-
ternal Audit Branch; 20 years, 10 months,
3 days; California.
Ranchod Manga, Bombay, India; Dock
Laborer, Transportation and Terminals
Bureau; 19 years, 10 months, 14 days;
Panama.
Manuel Navarro, Colombia; Janitor, Divi-
sion of Schools; 28 years, 6 months, 22
days; Panama.
Gerald O. Parker, Manchester, Ind.; Super-
visory Steward, Gorgas Hospital; 17
years, 7 months, 23 days; Florida.
Manuel PWrez, Panama; Dock Laborer,
Terminals Division; 17 years, 5 months,
4 days; Panama.
Nicolfs R. Salamanca, Panama; Leader
Boatman, Locks Division; 43 years, 6
months, 18 days; Panama.
Gregoria E. Salinas, Panama; Laborer,
Health Bureau; 31 years, 5 months, 26
days; Panama.
DAmaso Solis, Panama; Dock Employee;
Terminals Division; 14 years, 4 months,
5 days; Panama.
John A. Wallace, Jamaica; Laborer Leader,
Electrical Division; 44 years, 10 months,
25 days; Panama.
Cuthbert S. Worrell, Barbados; Painter,
Industrial Division; 26 years, 6 months,
5 days; Panama.
Ralph H. Walker, Urbana, Ohio; Clerical
Assistant, Railroad Division; 26 years, 5
months, 13 days; Texas.


MARCH 3, 1961"


RETIREMENTS


~


~ ~ ~I ~~~I ~












SOME QUESTION has been raised con-
cerning the significance of the Civil
Defense public warning signals. The
difficulty is apparently one involving
terminology rather than a failure on the
part of the public to understand the
signals themselves.
Until 1955, there were three Civil
Defense signals: Alert, Take Cover, and
All Clear. But in March of that year,
the All Clear signal was abolished,
leaving the Alert signal, a steady blast
3 to 5 minutes long, and the Take Cover,
a wailing tone or series of short blasts 3
minutes long, which are the only ap-
proved signals at this time. Both are
public action signals.
The Alert signal does not mean alert
for an impending attack, but alert to
act, or alert for instructions and infor-
mation. This signal, in fact, may be
heard following an attack as well as
prior to an attack.
The Alert signal means: act according
to the civil defense emergency opera-
tions plan of the community. In some
target areas in the United States, this
signal will indicate an evacuation. In
others, it means that Civil Defense
forces are to mobilize. In the Canal
Zone this signal means that an enemy
attack is expected and that all radios
should be tuned to the Caribbean
Forces Network (CFN) at 790 and
1420 kdloctles on the radio dial for
information and instructions. If the Civil
Defense forces are to mobilize, orders
to do so will be given over the radio.
If the signal is sounded after the Take
Cover, and thus after the attack, infor-
mation will be given as to whether to
remain under cover or to evacuate and
seek shelter elsewhere. In the event
that CFN is not operable, everyone
should remain under cover until instruc-
tions are received by person-to-person
contact with Civil Defense personnel,
wardens, police, or by public address.
The Take Cover signal means that
an attack is imminent and that everyone
should take the best available shelter as
quickly as possible. At home, shelter
should be taken in the strongest struc-
tural part of the house, and needless to
say, away from windows or below
window level. At work, employees
should go to their assigned shelter area,
or the designated shelter area in public
buildings. If outside, it is imperative to
get off the streets into some indoor
shelter. If in a car, the windows should
be rolled down and the occupants
should recline on the seats.


How WELL YOU handle an It inerg ncy','
often determines life or death. The ex-
perts say most persons facing a crisis
develop the uncanny ability to do
exactly the wrong thing. They follow
blind instinct that demands speedy
action. Such impulsive action may seem
normal, sometimes heroic, but it's also
deadly. They point out that to save
yourself or another you must often con-
tradict normal inclinations. Imagine you
were faced with these situations. What
would you do and how does it compare
with the answer?
Problem: Your car plunges into a lake
or river.
Answer: Sit there calmly-sometimes
for as long as 15 minutes-until the car
floods enough to equalize inside and out-
side pressures on the doors. Then take
a deep breath from the pocket or ribbon
of air that usually remains in a sub-
merged car, open the door and float
easily to the surface.
Problem: A fellow worker, iandliing
a strong acid such as sulfuric, squirts
some in his eye.
Answer: To prevent blindness, con-
centrate on two things: getting a doctor
and washing out the acid. Make the
person lie down and pour cupful after
cupful of water into the inner corer of
the eye. Then cover the eye with a
sterile gauze pad.
Problem: You fall overboard without
a preserver and far from shore.
Answer: Repress the urge to keep
your head constantly above water. Since
the head weighs about 15 pounds, such
efforts lead to exhaustion and drowning.


-ACCIDENTS-
FOR

THIS MONTH

AND
THIS YEAR


JANUARY

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE


I A



FIRST AID
CASES


'61
535
(322)
535
(322)


Relax, let your head go under and
periodically surface for air. Persons
using this "drownproof" method devel-
oped by Coach Fred Lanoue of Georgia
Tech, have stayed afloat for 8 hours
in high waves.
Problem: You're driving along a high-
way at 60 m.p.h. when an approaching
car pulls out to pass, misjudges the
distance, can't make it, and comes
speeding straight toward you.
Answer: In this trap, your only out
is to avoid a head-on-crash-the most
deadly of traffic accidents. Apply your
brakes gradually-not abruptly or you'll
lose control-and drive off the right side
of the road. Sure, you may hit some-
thing, but with much less force. One
man, facing this situation, went off the
road, completely through a billboard
and into a tree-and came out alive.
"Never suffer a head-on collision if you
can possibly avoid it," say experts.
Problem: A member of your family
is injured and you must use your car to
get the person to medical help.
Answer: Unfortunately many a man
in a crisis transfers his demand for fast
action to an automobile. If you're ever
tempted, remember the man whose
young son v.i sliihtl injured in a
minor traffic .Icu-lLit. The father piled
the boy in the back seat and took
off for the hospital-too fast to avoid
a car crawling through an intersection.
The boy was hurled to the pavement
and killed.
All of which proves: In an emer-
gency, think first, act later. Follow your
first impulse and it is likely to kill you
or the person you're tr,. ih to help.


l4'





D; SABLIN
INJURIES


'60 '61
250 13
250 13


'I 1


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S I LOST
'60 '61 '60
11 97 63
11 97 63


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THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


How Well Could You


Meet These Accidents?









SHi l


New Cargo Vessels
MAKING HER maiden voyage from the
United States east coast to the Far East,
the new turbine-powered cargo, vessel
Eurybates of the Mi 'hinsiiiiii Lines
arrived at Cristobal February 12 and
made the transit south the following day.
The 13,105-deadweight-ton vessel is
the third of four sister ships built at
Bremerhaven, Germany, for the Mar-
chessini express service linking Canadian
and United States ports with the Far
East. The Eurymachus and the Euylo-
chus already have been commissioned
and a fourth, the Eurygenes, is expected
to join the fleet this year.
The ships have several new features,
including a new type of heating system
for vegetable oil tanks, and an unusual
maneuverability, which makes them able
to apply 75 percent of their forward
power in reverse. The vessels fly the
Greek flag and are manned by Greek
crews. Payne & Wardlaw have been
named agents for the line at the Canal.
Philippine Line Service
THE PHILIPPINE President Magsay-
say, fourth in a series of seven new
cargo liners being placed in service on
a new direct express run between the
United States east coast and the Philip-
pine Islands, is due to pass through the
Canal on her maiden voyage early
this month, according to her agents,
C. Fernie & Co.


PPI


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN JANUARY


Commercial __
U.S. Government
Total ...


TOLLS
Commercial 84 i )i 3.'
U.S. government 61,268
Total__ $4 -' 1 i.i11


CARGO Ini, tons)
Commercial .._ 4,871,727
U.S. Government -- 0 i
Total 4,927.423


1960 1961
902 893
S 19 15
S- 921 908


$-1 l.i 1) 77
71,818
$4 ,2 '2-.,i

5,072,633
73,447
", I iI, If


*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small:

The ship was preceded by the Philip-
pine President Quezon, which made her
maiden voyage in January, and by the
Philippines and the Philippine Presi-
dent Quirino, both of which transited
in February.
Owned by the United Philippine
Lines, the new vessels have a speed of
20 knots and will be run on a regular
schedule, sailing every 15 days from
United States east coast ports to Manila,
Hong Kong, Cebu, Iloilo, and Japan.
On westbound voyages, the ships will
not stop at gulf or United States west
coast ports, and will make the run from
New York to Manila in 29 days.


Shown making a tandem
lockage southbound through
the west lane of Gatun Locks
while the east lane was un-
dergoing overhaul are the
banana carriers Tsfat and
SAnaqua on their way from
I Florida to Ecuador to load
bananas. The two ships were
one of two tandem lock-
ages through Gatun on Feb-
ruary 2, the day that the
lower chamber of the west
lane was operated on a short
chamber basis while repairs
were made to a damaged
west lane sea gate. The
Tsfat, owned by the Zim
Israel Lines, and the Pan-
Sama-flag Anaqua make more
than 40 trips a year through
the Canal on a service be-
tween Florida and Ecuador
and are among the three or
four ocean-going ships which
use the waterway most fre-
quently. Both are repre-
sented here by L. K. Cofer.


N


G


Unusual Cargo Transits
A 440,000-POUND plate mill housing
for a Japanese steel company was car-
ried through the Canal recently aboard
the Kiyokawa Maru of the "K" Line.
The steel structure, measuring 35 feet
long and 15 feet wide, was manufac-
tured at the Youngstown, Ohio, plant
of the United Engineering Co.
According to the New York Shipping
Digest, the plate was transported by
the Pennsylvania Railroad to its New
Jersey yards on a specially built,
32-wheel car. The car was run aboard
a railroad car float and moved to the
New York Naval Shipyard in Brooklyn,
where it was unloaded. The hammer-
head crane in the Navy yard, the only
facility in the New York harbor able to
handle such a weight, loaded it aboard
the Japanese ship.
Central America Service
ANOTHER SHIPPING line to add west
coast Central America ports to its itin-
erary is the Zim Israel Navigation Co.,
which has five ships on a service from
Haifa and Mediterranean ports through
the Panama Canal to the United States
west coast and Canada. The ships take
cargo at the Isthmus and ports in Cen-
tral America, when available, on both
outward and homeward voyages.
Inaugurated 8 months ago by the
air-conditioned Nahariya, the service
now is operating on a monthly basis.
The Nahariya, due here again March 8,
makes the Haifa, United States west
coast run, together with the freighters
Yehuda, Reik, Banholm, and Dagan.
United Fruit Co. represents the vessels
at the Canal.


Panama Line

Sailings
FROM NEW YORK


Ancon_ _
Cristobal
Ancon__ .
Cristobal


Cristoba
A.ncon
Cristoba
Ancon.


--March 7
_March 16
-March 24
April 5


FROM CRISTOBAL
l-__ ------ March 8
-- __------_- March 15
l_-------- March 24
-_--- -__---_ April 1


MARCH 3, 1961


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3 1262 00041 5843



LATIN
AMERICA















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