• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Section I: Canal operation and...
 Section II: Business operation...
 Section III: Administration
 Section IV: Government
 Section V: Financial and statistical...
 Index
 Back Cover














Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Panama Canal for the fiscal year ended ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097365/00026
 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Governor of the Panama Canal for the fiscal year ended ..
Alternate Title: Report of Governor of the Panama Canal
Physical Description: 36 v. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone -- Office of the Governor
Publisher: U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication: Washington
Washington
Publication Date: 1941
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: June 30, 1915-June 30, 1951.
Numbering Peculiarities: Report year ends June 30.
General Note: Some vols. issued in the congressional series as House document.
General Note: Reports for 1914/15-1915/16 each accompanied by portfolio of maps and diagrams.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097365
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02454300
lccn - 15026761
oclc - 2454300
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual report of the Isthmian Canal Commission for the year ending ...
Succeeded by: Annual reports of the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government for the fiscal year ended ...

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Frontispiece
        Frontispiece
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Section I: Canal operation and trade via the Panama Canal
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Section II: Business operations
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    Section III: Administration
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Section IV: Government
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Section V: Financial and statistical statements
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
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        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
    Index
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    Back Cover
        Page 139
        Page 140
Full Text





UNIVERSITY












































Digitized by the Internet Archive


http://www.archive.org/details/annualrepoofo941 cana





14


-C


m ,' \7 mm





For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. Washington. D. C. . . . . . . Price 20 cents


UNITED STATES


ANNUAL REPORT


THE PANAMA CANAL


ENDED JUJNE 30













TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page
Introduction_____________________ _____ .. ..... 1
Operatima and maintenance of the Canal __. 2
Operation of auxiliary enterprises--businessoperations ..... 2
Goverinnent--administration . 3
Services rendered by the Chrudto shipping __ .... 3
Net revenues . .... ..... __ ------ 3
Replacements_____ ..... 4


SECTION L-CANAL OPERATION AND RADE VIA THE PANAMA CANAL

Statistics ofCanaltrafHe . . __ .... ........ 6
(bund trafHe by Escalyears 1915 to 1941 . 8
TrafHe by months--Sscal years 1941 and 1940 .. 8
Tanker traBSc 9
Summary of passenger movement at Canal during 1941 10
Transient passengers ... ... 11
IDanaloperation and meedntenance _. .... 11
Hours of operation__ ..____ ........... 11
Operation scheduhaoflocks. . .. .. 12
Lockages and lock maintenance ...... .. 12
Power for Canal operation __ ......... 13
Water supply_. ... ... ... 14
Dry season,1941 . .... .. .. 15
Floods . ... ... .. ... 15
Madden Lake --- ----- ------- ..... .. .. .... 15
Madden 1Dama ___ . .. . 16
Maintenance of Channel-Other dredging activities ... .... 16
Chdinary channelaudntenance __.... .. .. 17
Speciednutintenanceprojects-- .. .. ... 18
Third Locks dredg;ing... . ..... 19
Slides_____ ..... . . .. 20
Subsidiary dredging division activities .... 21
Equipment _____ __.. .. 21
Ferry services------- -- ... ... ..... --..... 23
Marine activities-------- ---- -- -- -------- .......... 24
Aids to navigation-------------------- ----- --... .... 24
Auscidents to shipping---- --- ..... ...... . ..... ... 24
Salvage and towing ___ ...... . .... . ....... 24
Meteorology--hydrology--weisuu>logy ......... .. ... ....... 25


SECTIONN 11.-BUSINEss OPERATIONS

Panama Carud business operations___ . __. . ........... 27
Mechanical and maine work____......... .. ............ 28
1Drydocks---------................ ... . ...... ...... 28
Marine repair work _... ......... ... ... ___.......... 29
Work other than marine work____ __________ 30
Plant inaprovenaents ... .. ... .. _____....... 30

III









CONTENTS



Filliallin :Ilial businOSS ajK'r:killill>--- aritimled. 28150

]-h etrical notalbtus and repair work ........................... 30

Purchaw- anti it sections in the I rated States.................... 31

Storehan .* anti whip chandh-ry.................................. 31

(si ah-to- and unserviceable property and aluipment............... 32

1 us I oil, I lical oil. ca.-oline, and kerosene ...................... 32

111 5 IIIg Collsiftietion 8118 IllRlittellROCO .......................... 33

Quarters for orn .Maces......................................... 34

:*Pl We IIIt*Ilf of a IISTit*FS FOf AllierkRII 1111p OVOUS.................. 35
Wh.tor transportatinn.......................................... 36

Pruitmas l'mial Pre ........................................... 37

lievenues derived horn rental of lands in the Canal Zone...... .... 37

13u ines operat ions under the Panama liailroad Co....... ............ 37
Trans-1.-thanian Hailroad....................................... 38

Herei\ine and Forwarding Agency............................... 39

Chaline Plants....... ................................------.. 39

Telephone:-and himraphs...................... ........ ...... 40
Realestateoperations .. ........ ........................... 40

Cmunneary Division ... .. .......................... 40

Purchases.. ____ .. .......... ________.......... 41

Hotels __ .. ...................... ........... 41

AlindiDairy .......... .... ............................. 41

Pennuna Line..............------------------------------..... 42



SECTION III.-ADMINISTRATION



Departments..............._____ ._........... 43

Operation and nusintenance ................ 43


Accounting.___ ... ............ .... 43

lowentive.......--------------------------------------------- 44

Th-alth........... . ................................------ 44

PananusRailroad Co_ ______ __ .... ... ... 44

Change in administrative personnel ..... .............. 44

Changes in administrative or noization .. ._ _.......... 46

Fer-onneladministration_ ___ .............. 46

Emplm-ces .. ......____ __ .. .... ........... 46
Gold emplmees.................... ------------------------------ 47

Recruiting and turnover of force.. ..................------------ 48

Wage adjustments ........................ 50

Silverenarlowes...____ _ .. .................. 50

Silver unges.................... ....................... 51

Silver clicibility and employment program........-------------.. 51

Repatriations.__.........................--------------------- 51
Chudi rehef for disabled employees...... ....... ____....... 52

Experiment gardens ........ ....................... 53
Chshbonses.................. ..... .................... 54

Legislation__ __ ..... ....................... 55

Capitalallotnu-nts,6sealyear 1942.................................. 56
Ocneralprogram............. ........ ............ .... 59






CONTENTS V

Page
Third Locks project_ ... 60
Work to be performed-cost-authorization ... 60
Appropriations-authority to enter into contracts 60
Organization--duties--personnel 61
D.esign--plans--spechications 61
Construction_ 64
8. S. Panama requisitioned by Maritime Commission 67

SECTION IV.-GOVERNMENT

Area of the (Lanal one 69
]Population___ ___ 69
Itiblic Health __ 70
Vital statistic 70
Malm-ia_ 72
Hospitals 73
Quarantine and inanigration 73
Municipal engineering 74
Testire laboratory 74
Water system 75
Sewer system 76
Roadsstreetsand sidewalks 76
Lywnsite devekynnent 77
Miraiores bridge project 77
Relocation of buildings and other facilities at Fort Davis 77
CitiesofPananutand Colon 78
11i.co.11aneousprojects 78
Public order__ . 78
Fire protection 81
Maci--trates'courts 81
B.alboa___ 81
CristobaL 81
Pardons and reprieves 82
Public schools stern 82
Postalsystena 85
Air mail_ 86
Inunieration visas 87
Relations with Panama 87
Customs 88
Shipping Commissioner 88
Administration of estates 89
Licenses and taxes 89
Foreign corporations 89
Insurance ... 90
Conunercist aviation .... . .. .. . 90

SECTION V.-FINANCIAL AND STATISTICAL STATEMENTS

Accounting systern__ .... . ..... .. 91
Operation of the Panama 1Rairoad Co . 92
PanamaCanaloperations ... ... . . 92
Index to tabhas .. . 93
(Financial tables) ...... ... .. .. . .... . ........ .... 94













REPORTS OF HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS AND DIVISIONS

Arrumxes No*r PRINTED

The material in the annual report of the Governor of the Pariania Canal,
published in this t olume. is to a large extent a sunernary of the data presented in
the annual reports from the head.- of departments and divisions in the Canal or-
ganization; the latter, regarded as appendixes to the report of the Governor, are
not printed. The annual reports of the Panama Hailroad Co. and the health
department are published separately; the latter is compiled for enlendar years
only. The reports of the heads of departments and dis-isions, as listed below, are
on file at the Washington police of the Panama Canal and at the once of the
Governor at Halhon Heights, Canal Zone:
Engineer of maintenance, report of.
Special engineering division, report of opervising engineer.
Dredging division, report of superintendent.
Plans sect is, report of chief.
Assistant engineer of maintenance, report of.
Electrical divi ion, report of acting clectrical engineer.
Municipal engineering division, report of municipal engineer.
Locks division, report of superintendent.
Once engineering dit i.sion, report of acting office engineer.
Section of meteorology and hy drugraphy, report of chief hydrographer,
Marine divi ion, report of marine superintendent.
Mechanical dil ision, report of superintendent.
Supply department, report of chief quartermaster.
Accounting department, report of comptroller.
Executive department:
Division of civil affairs, report of chief.
Police and fire division, report of chief.
Division of schools, report of superintendent.
Panama Canal clubhouses, report of acting director.
Division of personnel supervision and management, report of director
of personnel.
Surveying officer (acting), report of.
General counsel, report of.
Real estate section, report of chief.
Public defender, report of.
Paymaster, report of.
Collector, report of.
$1agist rates' courts:
Magistrate, Cristohal, report of.
Magistrate, Balboa, report of.
Washington once, report of chief of once and general purchasing officer.
Pardon Board, report of chairman.
Senior aeronautical inspector, report of.
VI













OF THE

GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL


BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE,
October 7, 1941.
THE SECRETARY OF WAR,
Washington, D. G.
Sla: I have the honor to submit the report of the Governor of the
Panama Canal for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1941.
Respectfully,
GLEN E. EDGERTON, Governor.


INTRODUCTION
Administration of the affairs of the Panama Canal enterprises
involves three main elements: (a) operation and maintenance of the
Canal itself; (b) operation of the auxiliary enterprises necessary to
provide adequately for the needs of shipping and of the Canal operat-
ing forces; and (c) government of the Canal Zone, popular t.ed by
American civilians, native or tropical workers and their families, and
by the United States Army and Navy defense forces.
In addition to these normal elements, during the past two years
the Canal organization has performed very important functions as a
supply and service agency for the greatly expanded activities of the
Army and Navy, particularly in their extensive construction program.
While the Canal organization and equipment were not designed for
this duty and are by no means fully adequate, the services rendered
are regarded as very creditable. These services have contributed
materially to the efficiency and economy of the Army and Navy
operations, and will continue to do so as long as the present emergency
conditions last.
The immediate supervision of the administration of these various
activities rests with the heads of the nine major departments and
divisions. Responsibility and control of the entire organization are
centered in the Governor of the Panama Canal who is also the presi-
1


ANNUAL REPORT






REPORT OF CU\'IllNOR OF THIE PANAM\A CANAL


( e-lit is 1 II' PilflIIIIIII all falls Co., IIll at 11114'( 0 10 CHilli ('llierpfISO,
OfClilll/<*d it 1 ( anVrflillient -I H ill d Calfji Y:1f lull.
Hy I-:1.-ealit.- Orale-r of Squainher 5, 1:111, the provisinns of Section
13 Of I le PIIII:1111:1 ( :111:d (1, :qififtill-d ll"'ll.41 2 1912, Wi'O' invoked
alb lill ('illi ft'"I'llfi IIII'll III'P Hill 5111('( lid ( II L' 0IP Cidlifiltlilt fig
sill-1.d. P:Ilutillit CIllia L*jialftilittit. Illit'd lati'S fillY lilS U.10f-
Obed Hitil alli Infity illia Illi ( IClioll liver (110 operidiall of the ElillullQ.
IIII J IIIII 11 11$ 11( 11110 11 I >("fit JIll Illi Ilf)(RINHillilt"PS, Ill<" (It fly
Collif if allid Deve-filflient Of II ( Jillit Mill IIIII I It' (Jame*I'llor of the
ilful 1141 ( illl:d 111.4 10011 >11 I'd to 1 2:11 utillonly all(1 (110 Orders
IS.---th*t tills of It.

Ors.Itarrox un 11 inex.1 e-I: of Trie Cas ts

TIll Jiftillify flille(Infl Of file EmulillR 001181 is to provide and
flinillittill 11 9Ilh'CH II} )J Illmill O HLIC I 1C-10 N Illfly Illfl Of 10 (FilllSit
frialli one vertill (O 1110 Other, till to ll:Illi 0 Silfil trafic (19 pft**PillS
it-a-lf for tran--it with a maximum of duty and n Ininimum of deluv.
E--.-ntially this involves the maintenance of the waterway, the
operation of the locks, all the control of trnflic through the Canal.
Throuchout the war the Canal force maininim-si its high stumbrd
Of **\pi-< itiall- wen ice not only in the winal transition of chips but in
providing emergency repair-, fuel. supplies and the varian-< supple-
IllPill:II'Y -PIT IIT lilfid011(8 10 Olipping. Thel'O Were no interniptiallS
of whip trollic during the year.

Ori.e.\nox or Acxiusur Exwneluses-Brsixess Oren.\Tross

Secominry only to the operation of the Canal is the function of
$11[[ Ilip VRFlasily work (*04 (OS ilggillin'. COT11Illel'CP feffil CPS ill I 10
Calling ("I'l"(:Ill 8( Illit*!- Of 111pjillit'", .*"ll(' I HA 110 01 illld Call 1112 jd:111(9,
storehouss for fool--tufl's, ship chandlery, and other essential sup-
p i'd, IllilfillP alild fl@%0 Egitilf lisps, terinirial fairilities for the
ifull--111pillillt Of ourgO 01141 pal<-a*lleer-1, a finifoilil 1110 tiffli's tilO
811111111 OD( 8 810 11114 lip line between New York and Panama,
(fillfief $1114 001111111 Of 4*< OI' (130 Opending FOffe, 8114 fit In? SorkletS
e-- mental to the conneinical and eflicient operation of the Canal.
I II* 0 **Pffit'rd, timler entirdinalled Hill CPilll'll 1701 000001, flfe pfO-
?11 Od )V OIP Vilflull-A 11-110-4 11111(4 of 1 10 PHil:1Tilli flIlid 811d FililtillS,
Railroad Co. Tim enortlination of such services with the transit
of ships thrush the Canal n --ists inatori:11y in the allicient and
00ttillilllI'll Ojiefillioll 0 10 WaliffWHY. firean*r [H (POYD Illy
main.- repair facilities, fuel, arial other supplies, the operation of
tht'. 0 ill IIlt*SS 11111(9 pl'Olllfiles ((211 Ci Ifolly 1 1 10 Calilt .









GOVERNMENT--ADMINISTRATION

The usual functions of government, such as schools, police and
fire protection, quarantine, public health, immigration service, posts,
customs, aids to navigation, steamboat inspection, hydrogrophic and
meteorological work, water supply, sewers, construction and main-
tenance of streets, and similar activities, which, in the United States
are directed by various officers of the national, State, and municipal
governments, are entrusted in the Canal Zone to the Governor, and
are executed under his authority and responsibility. This centraliza-
tion of all governmental activities under one head is essential to
economical and efficient administration.

SERVICES RENDERED BY THE CANAL TO SHIPPING

The more important items of the business of the Canal and its
adjuncts covering principal services to shipping are expressed numeri-
cally in the following table, which presents a comparison of the
activities during the fiscal year 1941 with the 2 years immediately
preceding:

Fiscal year Fiscal year Fiscal year
1941 1940 1939

Transit of Canal by ocean-going vessels paying tolls ... 4, 727 5, 370 5, 903
Transit of small commercial traffic not counted in ocean-
going traffic 929 973 014
Free transit of public vessels of the United States and Pan-
ama, war vessels of Colombia, and vessels for repairs, etc 955 602 664
Total transits... .. ..... . ..... ......... . _ 6, 611 6, 945 7, 481
Number of blockages during year:
Gatun Locks _ _... .. _.. ..... ... . ... 5, 103 5, 302 6.054
Pedro Miguel Locks. .. .. _ _ .. 5, 018 5, 392 6, 283
Miraflores Locks . .. ... ..... ....... 4, 943 5, 286 6, 221
Tolls levied on ocean vessels ... . . .... ..... $18, 157, 739. 68 $21, 144, 675. 36 $23, 661, 021. 08
Tolls on small commercial vessels .. _ ..... .... ..... 32, 639. 68 33, 084. 40 38, 408. 94
Total tolls... . ........ _ _ .. .... $18, 190, 379. 36 $21, 177. 759. 82 $23, 699, 430. 02
Carge. 1.3-cine f I.roneh Canal (tons) . ... 24, 950, 791 27, 299, 016 27, 866, 627
Nett.3rurnise.PanansaCanalmeasurement)ofiron itive or..so
vessels ...... ... ....... 20, 642, 736 24, 144, 366 27, 170, 007
Care.. per Panama Canal net ton of ocean vessels, laden vessels
only. .. .. .. ... .. .. ....... 1.369 1.326 1.238
Average tolls per ton of cargoJaden vessels only. .. _... $0. 657 $0. 632 $0.727
Calis at Canal ports by ships not t rre ll- il inc CanaL ... .. 1, 035 890 831
Cargo handled and transferred at ports (tons)..... .. ... 2, 390, 618 2, 062, 020 1, 580, 859
Coal, sales and issues (tons) .......... . ... ... ....... 87,446 118, 219 70, 487
Coal, number of i nrntnerr iI Lila bunkered ..... ......... 211 300 276
Fuel oil pumped (barrels) 12, 957, 008 12, 492, 347 9, 037, 955
Fuel oil-number of ships served other than vessels operated
by!the Panama Canal . .. ... ..... .. 2, 620 2, 455 2, 063
Ship-r.-poured...FherthanPanamalan*Ilonallionent ....... 742 779 587
Ship- lir'.= t... 00.1, other than Panam 4 ':11.*11sionianent ........ 122 119 119
Provisions sold to commercial ships (commissary sales) .. _ _ $361, 276. 32 $297, 477. 96 $307, 342. 16
C ha us I k-r y sold to ships (storehouse sales)... ........ $76. 554. 05 $67, 559. 67 $45, 785. 68


NET REVENUES

The net revemies from Canal operations proper were $8,852,036.84
as compared with $11,253,773.49 last year. Net revenues from busi-
neqs operations under the Panama Canal for 1941 wero $1,008,741.70


REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL





REPORTOFOEROOFTEP AACA L


as compnred with $1.033,886.08 in 1940. The combined net revenues
necruing from the ('and and its business units totaled $9,800,778.54
as compared with $12.27,059.55 in 1940.
The gross enpitn] investment ns of the beginning of the fiscal year
was 039,1335,638.00 and the not investment, $509,170,280.67. Net
revenue for the year 1941 produced a return of 1.95 percent, on this
HP( IDYeS(Illelit 89 Ngillilst 2.42 FOf 1 10 prodOUS /080.
The foregoing figures do not include the Isthmian operations carried
on hy the Pannnux Railroad Co., which yielded a not operating income
of $2.045,673.27 for the year, as compared with $2,497,072.70 for the
previous fiscal year, an increase of $148,000.57 or 6.0 percent.

REPLACEMENTS

The past fiscal year marked the close of 27 years of successful opera-
tion of the Panama Onul; in fact, its dependable and efficient service
is now laken for granted.
One of the factors which has made this possible is the good condi-
tion in which all wearing and deteriorating parts are kept. Of the
total capital value of the Panama Canal there are approximately
$100,000,000 of general structural values pertaining to nonhusiness
units of the organization, which are subject to deterioration and
require regular repair and periodical replacement.
Some of these structures, such as dams and concrete buildings, are
still in excellent condition and require but little expenditure for up-
keep; but on others deterioration Ms reached a point where rephee-
ment should not longer be deferred. These necessary replacements
include not only the frame buiblings originally erected to serve during
the period of construction of the ,Canal but, also docks, highways,
etc., which, due to ordinary deterioration or other conditions, have
been rendered inadequate or unserviceable for present requirements
or uneconomical to maintain.
Funds for the replacement of worn-out plot, and equipment, for
these nonhusiness units (with the exception of floating plant) must
be upproprinted by Congress front the general funds of the Treasury,
8 1100 110 fulldPA Top 800711011( TPSoffeS FOT fileSP OperRilOHS HTO malfl-
1811100 by the PHIlunt Calill. ITOWOVOP, 18 I 10 CAnd 80COUntS ( 0-
preciation charges are made on deprecinble property, but the funds
covering depreciation charges for nonhusiness units are turned in to
the general fund of the Treasury each year and are not available
without. approprintion. Thus, for this part, of the organization, the
Panumn Canal depends on Coneress to provide from these funds
(which have been deposited annelly in the Treasury in prior years)
the necessary replacement of worn-out and obsolete plant to maintain
the enterprise up to the standard of operation.





REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 5

Not only is there demand for replacement of some of the existing
facilities but the need also develops for new kinds of facilities. Funds
for such new facilities must be obtained by direct appropriation.
For these reasons, it is essential to the continued efficiency of the
Canal and to the growth of its facilities to meet the growing demands,
that the Bureau of the Budget and the Congress give careful considera-
tion to the requirements submitted annually by the Governor for these
purposes.












SE7CTI[ON I:


CANAL OPERATION AND TRADE VIA THE PANAMA CANAL
STATISTICS ON CANAL TRAFFIC

Ocean-coing munercial transit a thread the Pnunion Canal in
the fient year 194 1 numbered 4,727, the low est year's unflic since
]!iiB W 1011 1 II* 1111111 any was 4,1(11 III COllip:II still H li 1 1 II' ikt-d JCOT
11Elli, t runwit s in 104 1 halved a while in comparison with 1989 there was a Inss of 1,176 tron its, or
19.9 percent.
Tall< collected on 1110 4,727 vessels making transit in ]Oil totaled
$1\ll?,7:'!I.tis in evilipmison with $21,144,675.30 in 1940 and
823.60 ,021.Its in 19311, decreases of 14.1 percent and 23.3 percent,
!-0 poetively. The total iolls collection in 1941 was the lowest since
1923 when 817,304,4127.19 were entlected.
01 101111:1"'0 Pilliulll:1 Cilll:I Investlivillent) Of file VARel--1 (TOTISlilfly
in 1041 agreental 20,042,736, a sharence of 3,501,630 tone, or 14.5
percent, in comparison with 1940, and n deermer of (1,327.271 tons or
24.0 percent, in comparison with 1030. It will be noted that the
(Offfilid"P dO(TPORD Ill 1101 itillml"O Ill 1941 H'RS SOlllOW 121{ gl"PHIPP 1 1811
ID ( 10 illillber of vessels tralisating during this pened. Tlus is for
the reason that there has been a decrease in the size of the vessels
using the Canal; in 1941 1110 avernee net tonnage (Punnian Canal
nwasurcinent) per vessel tr:Insiting was 4,377, as against 4,516 in
1940.
Cargo carried by vessels transition the Conni in 1941 intaled
24,950,701 long tons, a decline of 2,348,223 tons, or 8.6 percent, in
comparison with 1910, ural a decronwe of 2,915,536 tons, or 10.5 per-
0111{ DS CGIIIptifed H'llI 1980. I le I O'l"t*HAP 18 081-go Italilinge' ll) 1941
WRS relatives inner thfin the incron-e in Det folill:100 Of VM<01S
il"Mil-li Ill" dIlfill" 018 period. T IIS IS ( 110 (O fi'H er 7044015 fransit Illy
in bullust during 10-11 nial to grouter utilization of the space avail-
fl 0 01) :15 I'll Ye Si' 4.
.\hrief review of trafDe from the opening of the Conni on August 15,
1914, inalient.-s that starting with a WinI of 1,n.'s trun-its in the fiscal
year 1915 there was a grasillul grow th of trulhe which reached a
total of ti,2ND transits in the fixed year 1929. The fiscal year 1929
I inimb-s -su tells online vessels having a nicasurenient of 300 or more net (ons (Paumn Canal measure
menu or .'co or more displacement tons.
6






REPOR OF OVEROR O THEPANAMA CNA


may be considered the record year in Canal traffic with a total of















6,289 ~~~~~transits (a vrg f1. e ay) oal nt ollsos of $27111125

the Paama Cnal nt tonage o 27,585,000 (estimated 5 in ccordanc
1, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 1938 of, ships i6 the fisca year 1929 was slgtl xee i h
fiscal~~75 yea 1930 when th aaaCnlntt8ae s2, 16,00






























































5 Canal opened to trnme Aug. 15, 1914.
t Carnal a lo-..( In trame til'leratins:sh-1.1- 7 months of fiveal year 1.1 -lioles.
2 I'ananse Canal not tunn 0'.* prior to 1939 are estimated figures I.;ued on revised measurement rules which
became eliver ice 10ar. 1, loan


TRAFFIC ar AloNTas-Fise.1L YEARS 1941 AND 1940


The ocean-going conintercial truth during each month of the fiscal

year 1941 is surninarized in the following table, in 11-hich are inserted

for comparison correspomling figures for the preceding year:


Numbe
transit
Month

940--41 lu


Jilla ......... .... 411
Auen--t ..... .. 44-1
So itembrr..... . 4.'t)
Ottub.r..... ... 49.
Notender......... 347
1)rarilliser ... *tl.
Jantiltry .......... 4114
February .... ..... 31.3
'Linursh. .4'.it
.1pril .0.1
Stay '452,
June II

Tot al 4, 727
AVeragf' per month 394


r of Panama Canal Tons of eargo Tolls
ts not tonnate


39-40 1940-41 1989-40 1941--40 1989-40 1941-40 1939-40


485 1.993.030. 2 2.11.30 2 20.010 2.317.ful 91,735.553.52 $1,07-1.340 72
4011 2.11.31.1110 2..'lltniv, 2.415..42% .'.3 5.11.31. 1,? I,3.14 54 13rd."TH.48
4.'.? 2.021..'.TLI 2.1111.11 2..404.19.5 2.441."0ti LITI.391 1M 1.555..".74 22
4-'^ 2.078..30 2,lus.r.e.5, 2,41..1115 ,= 3 ...311 1.>.'U.111.711 1..111.210 24
4%ti 1.111.174 2.11..'stli' 2.081.1.51 2.47.'.5114' I .Elli.59-t .91 1.95.5,075 38
450 1.70=9.512 2.11t. t2t 2,1>.eds. 2..ts.I.l"I. I..Lit..).602,1,14U.unlius
404 Lt="il..RUM ".ientius.wl 1.01sh.i=7.1, "."437.94.5 1.4.IT.Ir'd .Rf." 1,7115,241..<8
411.' leth?,.",tib 1." "',977 1,4.'7.11' t 2.12t..".11 1,31..11,327 '.'0* 1,5417.416 06
4711 1.hII.N.NT.r. 2.tists,9112 1.911.1111 2,279.432 1.41.1.411 .'.-t 1.M2.416 DR
371..1.5'4J.11J.1 1,.net.'.I.".] 2.0.'.I=.*I'*.5 .'.thwl.4KE 13"U.3.10.' 1..50%.3til86
419 1,4(11.>49 1.171.1111'. LONap.117 2.319.372 1.3.10.773 81 1.1.44 111.1.78
.11,:5, 1.199 012 1.Irit3"3 1..'AL."'21 1.7th.753 1,that.33t) MM, 1.428.249.78

5..illi 31. Int2. 231. 24. II t. 1114. 21.'.s.'O. ?'.al 27. 21F.I. tilli 14. 1.RT, 739 Os 21. 144.417.'- 3ft
444 1, "20,22 2,01.' ll31 2.1279.2.13 2,274.915 1..513.144.97 ],762.0.'i8 21


_~ __~


8 REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF TH.E PANAMA CANAL



O'.4NAL TR.4FFIC BY FISCAL YE.1HS 191.3 TO 1941



Coniparative unflic stutistics em-ering ocean-going vessels for each

(18021 Yelti' bllife 010 CHIIII lills opent*(1 to Italligallion fire shown in

the follow ing tAle:


ar of



] II'.1
""3
] .1
1. Ukg
1.015
2.303
?. ?UI
2. titl5
S.how
5, 11%
4. 702
5.0 7
5. 3
(\. 2 3
fl.>0
(1, 02"
5,370
4,3(12
4, 1112
5.234
5. 150
5, 3.L2
5, SC
5.521
5, 903
5. 370
4, 727


oil year a nsh-si June "to I


]();',1
Iraisit
|*II, , .. .
bl%............ .. ......... ..
19to..... ....... ... .... .....
1920 ........ ..... ......... .... ....
1921 .... ... ..... .. ... ..
1922 ... .. ... ... ....... .........
logy __ ..........................
1924 .......... .. ... ...............
1925 ..... ............ ..... ......
1928 ...................................
1927 .............. ...................
1928......... . . . . . . .
1929 ............. ....... ...........
TW10 .............. ....................
1931...................................
1932 ................................ .
1983........... .......................
1934....................................
1935.....................................
1936 ...................................
1937....................................
1938 ................ ..................
1939 ...................................
1940....................................
1941....................................


Tulllp aso ag


I ra ll111 ( isis 1


'4 ".11 lillit tt ;(rf "I'' IT 4.10.400
." ."I IIIO I ".' till II is III 3,@,113.15
'", (". Heal) [, 4.01 ? *** w'; ?,Ia'.| 20
F. II:? (if o 0, $."* ~111. 28 7, ?>25, "ItS
b.***.Oto 6.163,20.79 fl.Mrs (197
7,NUN.010 5,7417.93% (i's 9 172. *74
10. 5."f l. Mill 11. 20>.11'1. 4#1 11. ''*'. 9"1
](1, '.1 (100 I I. ]'*I. 52A FA 10, **2 (107
17.3sfidoth 17.fo4.1127.19 19.50ti.429
21. IRL IMib 21.2ki, f59.92 2r.003. Ill?
21. 131.1114) 21, li t. 71N. 01 23.'s'.Y.. '.19
22,0int,4MM) 22,91:* 931.**9 28.0.50.016
.'t. 2 th (RM 21, 212. 2/10. 81 .*7. 733, 7.55
27. 22).140 20, 922. 30. 75 29, fil.5. 651
E (MM) S.Ill,12.5.47 30.GillfW
27, 716. (RM) 21. o'.9. 90%. 94 30. 018. 420
25.****1.110) 24.1.11.740 70 2'..ort.213
21, U.' RM) Di.1.10.704.61 10. TU'.018
21, 00-1, 04K) 19. fAll, 077. 17 IL. Ifil, 1155
>..410.0(#) 21 017 153.44 24.74.5.000
23. 720, (00 21. 307. (162 93 2."*. Us*I, .527
25, 023.000 2 4. 47's. 114. 21 Uti.%)5.943
25, 130,010 2<. 102. 137. 12 21. III .375
U. O'ss.3N3 Zi.1**9.5*8.70 2"..Th'*.924
27, I Di. 0117 Zi, 141, 1121. 08 27. AGri. (127
24. I 14. 304 21, 144, f):5. 36 27. 299. 016
20, 642. 730 lb, 17.2. 739. 65 21. 950. 791

2.14. UD'*, 402 -192, 3-19. 2.2. Ob 551, U40, 482


Total............................ 114. .".1-1









TANKER TRAFFIC






















of~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~ a takrtafi cure nte iclyar12,wens an averg Tofa

4.7~~~~~~~~5 taner per da pase thrug th aaCna.Frmn
years thereafter, 59 take trfi opie ewe 0 and 40. pec
of ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ,8 the toa aa rfi.Temotipratp1eo .hi tanke
traffic ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 529 has been th hp etofmnrlolsfo h alfri i
fields ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 6 to3 the eas coas of the UntdSae.W ie h nt ae


through ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 the Cal duin the patya tacutdfrol 143






on ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 taner wer copld Taner acone for ony84 ecn
of ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ .2 the total ne ong, aaaCnl esrmn, u hog
the ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 Cana duin th past ye and fo ny79preto h oa
tolls ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~5 reeied The tw table beo show th rfi iie e 7

tank ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~3 ship and7 al te cangigcm erilvsescasfe
herein as "al other.".
Number ~ ~ ~ ~ 43 and daily avrg rnst ftner n lthrerir





1924 ~~~~ ~ ~ 0 .... . .._ ,0 ,5 ,5 .7 2.3 14.1
192 ... ... .. 1, 79 3,13 4, 9 3.9 O 12. 6
192 ...... . .. 09 3997 5, 87 3.0 11.0 14.0
192 . .... 1, 24 3, 69 5,23 3.6 10. 9 114.
199 ......... ... .. .... 83 5 26 ,2890 3.6 14 2. 17.
190 .......... .. ..... ..... 18 4,80 6 27 3.3 113.2 16. 5


REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THIE PANAMAZP CANAL


















































1111.11(Y OF ?.18 I.NGlat 1 OVI:.111:NT AT CANAL L I'ING 19-11



I fesitaW 11Er f ill)11 :111011 billow < 1)/ IllOld I file 811111 sel' Of pHSSell-

t*I Xt" 11511'0 Of IC:111sla*llis, tilsellinf illip RO Cainal one padS thiring

the fi al year 10-11, segregated between first-class and all others, with

companitive tolds for the fiscal yours 10-10 and 19:10:


ee-re embarklow


Others I Tot sI


1 fri0 2. 21
"'.11711 1.*l?
1,rill 3..'14
I'll 1.>"J.'
1.315 2.471
?'st 2.122
1.15411 .".171
.'.14 1 TIT
1. 400 3 24ti
2,37' -t 4"?
NI'4 3.272
1,1112 3.U'5

1'. Bl? 3.1.0119
11. 312 3"'. Othl
If.J.I.I'.4 35.412


P:1..

__


REPOR OF OVERsnOOFTEAAACAL


I11 llI at ( 1inal in1 I 1" I11 ** 1l r s b il.jllc


U lilk' I :0tal


Trital


1 1 a sl 11 af


pa 4
]=.1
I *;.
1*-
l*,
pa
]**
]**
].0
pa
lu
]*,
I e..






lu


***1
II I *Is*
.. ., or***
**- "
, **<1
e. I ...














. .


]I skin ==4ni
II II*l en*I
13 "r.. alan.
l''-"'***
10 *- in*=
;I rnI <===
.': .l*rum
.1 .11 in***
:1. l' I sor:
1 si I ==ni
I 'Ia n**I
e. 1 1==11
.1 is UN*
I no
I ui




I I.' I


I ."II Isits 5I II.I .S
"l lmi num. *s s: .
.] I.3 resul ".
--'ns.l.... *e.
.1 .'1 us... .. ,
" *.ie I
.. ***** I
* F. thHI .
.". .*4.1 also .
.'I L'.s I I
.'I I="al *** I
." IIII , It in I II .
.". < *MI : I *,
.". I li I I I ..1

1-n our *1
.'1 Ill ** .* I **
.'ti.e.L'. \*1 1.1 ..'Is.


o 4j* --sq De* *,,
*.. 11 .1.' .'t ."
.9. ]"..*.4 11". .
's 1"."..*-:**
la ]; : 1:: ,
li .'1 3 .*-.
19 .'1.**.. to:
'1 1 /#| 1=|, 5.0.
II I'm 'll. .*.*as *
.'s I~ I 4.
15.' 11. .F. I
III ] 1 1
It'd I 3 ]*Fe
ir, r. El .
I. I In Is.. I

Ms. .*1 I (I 2
c. IN I lo, ril
.il ]<..7.1. .1 II


IT '.ot it.'? 19
.'l .'"t i'.'s tif
] .<*at "Is all
I**tl**)
I .1.' ." is 4.1
**** "=II li
III.].*. 57
Illip II"Is 8(
..'t '9'I is
r'll .Ill 01
**sI II." 17
1 ill 10 it
4 tie7 li*.) at
: 1"'* 111 '1
4. Is*.' I IT 12

1.*.1.1 it.'I II
.'I.Iti t."f. '.rl
IN.YT.7351.1.1


....


Jul'- .. ...... .......
Au:il-T ....... . .....
8. Israr:her......... ..
Orl=>tar .. .... . .
Note rrah r ..... . . ...
ITrreIIIL.r............. ....
33nIItr'. ........ ..... ...
Fair!J.Iry................ ...........
I breh................................
Apr ] ............... ... . ..
$1rst....... ........... . ..
Junt.............. .. .... ....

Tur11, 1941. ....................
1 = .1 11. 11110 .....................
TI.I.al. 1939 ... .................


parking P:su.-n


TutsI First al1.45


***** 1. 311
3.1.111 1.1111
4.*.*11 1.1.14
0..10 1.](?
-1.1 1 1 l'.P.
4.27 L:i.'s
4 I 1.ll's
3,* :I 1,11*.1
4, 5til 1. Line
4.581 2.100
4,950 2,405
5,389 2."t*3

53.*.22 tra, 192
4 1. 217 1 7 4'<
35,441 IN.133


Othe re

I
T.
1. III
2. ..C
4.14'
2..'I.'
17.51
7 '=".'1
1.111>
2 -07
2, 3.ftTi
3,.51st

2't 'as?
24..' ti
li\. in.*


1Ir-t-vill


1.'s I
1."I
2 2 3
2."=.
I 's.'?
1.111
1.il'i-
2.till
1, 754
100.1
1.917
1.879

"i.e.3'.
21. "I'-1
Its IIT3


As enmpared with 19-10, the fisal year 1941 show ed an increase of

16.0 percent in the number of arrivals, and in comparison with 1939

RD IrierenSe Of 5.1 percent; in the number of departures there was an

increase of 9.1 percent, in comparison with 1940 but a decrease of 1.2

percent under 1939.

The following able shows the passenger trollic through the ports

of Cristohol and Balboa during the past 3 years.





REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 11

Port of Cristobal Port of Balboa

1941 1940 1939 1941 1940 1939

Passengers disembarking ..... ...... 35, 764 31, 435 26, 799 17, 858 14, 802 8, 642
Passengers embarking ... ...... ...... 24, 431 23, 012 26, 448 10, 578 9, 069 8. 994


A further segregation of the posenger movenu-nt shows that 45,387
incoming and 27,688 outgoing passengers came from or were destined
to ports of the Atlantic, and 8,235 incoming and 7,321 outgoing passen-
gers were brought from or were destined to ports of the Pacific.
TRANSIENT PASSENGERS

In addition to the figures shown above of pamongers disembarking
and embarking, there were 79,954 transient powengers brought to the
Isthmus by vessels calling at Canal ports during the fiscal year 1941.
For the fiscal year 1940 there were 90,666 and in the fiscal year 1939
there were 114,053. The number in 1941 decreased 10,712, or 11.8
percent, in comparison with those in 1940, and registered a decline of
34,099, or 29.9 percent, kmder 1939. Most of these passengers came
ashore for short, periods but since they departed on the same vessels on
which they arrived they are not included in the tabulation of passen-
gers ending or beginning voynges at the Isthmus. The origin and
destination of these transient, passengers are indicated in the following
tabulation:

Fiscal Fiscal Fiscal
year year year
1941 1940 1939

Remaining on board vessels transiting Canal:
Atlantie to Pacific... ~----- _----- .. ............... ... ... 40,737 53,351 48,058
Pacific to Atlantic - 24, 918 23, 334 30, 750
Rens.ainineonboardvesselsenteringportbutnottransitingCanal:
Atlantie to Atlantic.... -- -- -- ...... _.. _. ... ... 12, 430 12, 672 33, 996
PacifictoPacific.._........... ........ ... ... ... ._. 1,869 1,309 1,249
Total--------------------------------------------------------------- 79,954 90,660 114,053


Prior to the outbreak of the European war there had been a great
number of passengers visiting the Canal as members of special tourist
cruises. There has been a very sharp decline in this activity in the
past two years as evidenced by the statistics of passengers on board
vessels from the Atlantic Ocean not transition the Canal.

CANAL OPERATION AND IVIAINTENANCE

Houns or OPERATION

Dispatching of ships through the Canal is conduet.ed on schedules.
Vessels awaiting transit begin moving through the Canal from the
terminal ports at 6 a,. m. and dispatches are made therenfter from each
425124--41--2







12 REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL


terfulillis at( illierval 4 of talle mur. I 10 01 OH'llip IS 8 Silllllllilly Of i. le

fiffillip'llll*iltM Ill t*I t'ct fli 010 011( (11 0](* Sold ((*11?
l"thill CF (0 111 it!" MW, WS( '4ll)) til H. III., 189( Ill II )Out 3 p. m.;

front BilUltill allit4It filP, if IS 11( fit. 6 21. Ill., 11.41 III 2.30 p. Ill.

illike-a---- assial v.- els enarrvarag law.nrelesus aargues a r-s.
010 (854'ro*(Infl Of 1 14* Fort Cliphilli tills life 10)( pg*yn10(1*(1 (0 propped

IIll <**Ni IPV Phil VI alf 0It" fu" (5 10 ore I air .

.%(1(*01:1 pl'r*("JIll IrillS 1111( [.*(ll it hills DE liths illy 5 lif)S 111 1 le OdiS
H'I*D* ("sillf illlia d ifull.r pay( (fle VPalf,

()PEltATING our.m'I.H: OF IAN KS

At. th.- mel of the fised year, the scheshales of operating .shifts of the

looks Here (18 10 <>%"5:

4 at till;
7 R. III. to 3 p. 111.-- 8 locastiatives.
7: 1.1 a. In. to 3: 1.5 p. In. 6 learnat ives.
3 p. m. toll p. In.- 8 locomot ives.
3:43 p. m. to 11:45 p. m.-6 locomotives.

11 p. m. to 7 a. m.-8 locomotives.
Pedro 11isruel:
8 a. m. to 4 p. m.-8 locomotives.
4 p. m. to 12 m.-8 locomotives.
Alirators. :
7 a. m. to 3 p. m.-8 locomotives.
9 a. m. to 5 p. m.-8 locomotives.
5 p. m. to 1 a. m.-8 locomotives.

LOCK.\GES AND LOCK 11.11NTEN.\NCE

Lockages and vessels handled are shown in the following table by

months for the past. fiscal your, with correspeeling totals for the past

5 years:


~_~_


Pedro Miguel Af lrailores Total

I.ackap-s Ve.msels I.nekages 15-ssels I ].nekages I 11-sals


415 1.0.0 440. 1.33 1,314 1,046
40.1 fil -3.1.' filU 1..Gri I.Mau
447 4,.12 44(1 0411 1.111 3.933
4. Yet.\ 411 flil 1.345 102ft
(1.2 rail 4]? 5.19 414 Ask I ],*,wig ),ggg


437 fi31 427 (133 1.293 1.200
.bl) 593 377 .SUti 1.147 1.1154
431 4399 415 (1>2 1.2.12 20t.7
40 4 fli3 391 Gill 1, 192 1. 904
370 504 377 AN3 1. I 35 1, 720
317 Stis 338 543 1, 124 2.011R
"
1 0 li fi'14 22 917


Af onth Gturt


e-swis


1.5-1
(.0.1
r.I.I
TIM
liri
0.59


1135
0115
fisti
(125
573
597


(17
411
-310
-tr.'s
-tint
-1.42


429
300
411
300
379
430


Jilly
Antil I
*Id* mb**r ... .
for..h.r
.\.st-.mber
1**IsInhar .

1941

J sur2nry
l****rlourt
.Y*srch
A pr il . .
1' 8 .
Jun.- .

Untal

Van.el 1. Mr
]** li > .
1939 ...
193%
1937 ....
1936 .


... lis t w ill s .. n .


111 L II


2. ?.12 ,5 .Nr.
a (1415 f.."I
7. t'0 '-.111
". t?4 .5.011
6.0.10 .1..'..>


? .""0 ] 5. 941 22. 926
?.MA IN.A.'04 23.991
T..till l".334 22.121
7.21.1 Ift.K47 21.848
6.586 Ill.420 20.551


7 ? It
to.**,
?,.ta.'.
7. 1'ti
r,,"".5


.R. 3112
ruin:I
.5 e.11 ,
's 1st
.1.:04 I


'.. 3'12
ro*,NI
5 >""si
.5,71.'. .
5,.*,.1\






REPORTOFOVROOFTEPNMCAL


The lock-operating manchine~ry functioned smoothly throughout the


















AverNumb~o Aggregat dela caused erd
delayd allvesel

G atu ... ... ... ... ... .. . .. . .. .. 7 4 o rs 2 in t s
Pe ro M i ue -- -- -- -. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .1 3 ho rs21 m i ut s
M iraflores...... ......... .. ... .... ... ... 13 4 2 h u 4 m n t s

TotaL~-~~--~--- ------ ----------- --- -----__~- 15. 46 10h ur 3 iuts






REPRTOF GOV'ERNUR OFTEP AA AA


len'tilt illit .il.? port*(11t of till' POW0f, TP5pff'tive[V. 1110 IrdilOTOS
Ill---td-41**I'll"If" 5121111111 ftillflilllPd Ofl it II -(11110 Siddit )J HISIS dUT Il@
II' Phille leMF, NI*Rid Pilglilt*S W('CP Operth's till fille000851011011/
111111"' 010 V4'llf 0 F of D*jdalfill*** ITIMd:Lilft'.r (11 .
Ilfill' d10 VI lif dt*(2d Pi 8 it*('#Calilialls Weff j)fopured for 010
IIlli'11:I-<* Of 011<' .(litti-kY,-ft. (d4 '1014' pil('FiltOF, Itil 811XI ltry equip-
]III'lit, flif Ill.-1:1 lillill 111 ille 11< dtil If( l"O0 0011' 0 Shillull tillS
<111-fillol" 1.- 110('< pl fit in e C:11-0 ft illi' IIIPPI'll'alil dCIlldild it? 0 I*CITIC
0111-11-11%. .Lt (110 (rtittill Rdits* s drif* Shibill 1 It*Fi' Wils 111-18 Uti &
,-ll)II-flillfit"fi* SW1 (dI faill', CODifid WlfillE, 8134 1111400 illit 0118 Ofjllip-
111111( [ii[ --s*r*(IDIlit 7.Ill' IIIIllil 6, it -Vid1 11><{*** II .40 110004' ifV 5tlper"-
VI taff I'ffiliplilPilt OI* nalitred of thidif1011:1 t*lmillidal-e*II ter ills.(ill Hiltails
all Ciltill tilld OfidedMI II Wintiftil<. The OVerilittl! Of governor
Ill(*(' 1:1111 Ill Of it fi'(. gypgg( p 111(' Ill f lo' (f lO Illilllidilf illTP Of GIRl-
11111 IIIg stifs Of Illipfukill"" ( Yofillif th'flull, litLS QCColly)B-shed t ilflily
Un- or ut the Gatun betruelectric station.
1 Infe Were 110 (T:Ill**IlllS loll- 1110 f:Illures Calising illierruptiOUS 1.0
service to substations.
W.
The inflow of water during the past 2 years from all portions of
Onton Lake alrninuse busin us well na the mutilation and lowes of
the water are smuniorized in the table below. Each year covers the
12 months ended June 30 and thus embraces the cycle of a dry and
faulty 5085011.


Billion cu. ft., fiscal Percent of total
year- J u-1.1, fist.11 year-

1941 1940 lull 1940

YI. 1.1 fr..rn 11:s.ini.-n I.uke sinun:Ice brain .. .. Is."= 44 F=al 11'.4 ft is 341 3
71.1.1 fr..m 1ars.1.ure:s.Inwnstre:sin from 11nitain-n 1)arn ........ 52 12 75 >*# 34 li 41 7
18r.. I r..aul all=.0 t hatun 1.uke end.sts. .. ... ... ... 35 .'4 4tJ ll's .'.4 is 2' 0
T..Ini yield ... ................ .. ................... 15.1 **(1 1 J 0" 011 11 I 0
F"t:sp..r-stonal front l*xke surfaces .. 22 ." ) 22 *.1 IIT 12 4
t.nf larl Lake 1...*k:se**., .... .. . .... .G 01, 3.1 .i-- a .> eg 4
O tilan h:,*Ir.***h cine s...w.r ........ . .. ... 01 .'7 31..141 2* 3 17.3
(minal pillwiss war.* ...... ....... . .. ....... 4ti .'i.'s it in 341 t 46.4
Ms.r v.*., inersss-..7*It-crtage (-)............................... 4 fli .' 45 3 II ] 3
1.a ukae** and municipal........................................ 2.19 1.7-4 1.4 1.0
Tutal uses and losses..................................... 1,11 .vi 1 .* rs: 1110.0 100.0


The 1941 total yichl of 153.20 million cuble feet. represents an aver-
age inflow of 4,858 cubic feet. per second, which is 27 percent below
the 27-year annual average of 6,627 cubic feet per second. Operation
of the (intun spillway during the liscal year 1941 totaled 1,309 gate-
hours usul of the Miratores spillway, 310 ga.te-hours.





REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THIE PANAMA CANAL


Day SEASON-1941
During the dry senson the run-off from the Gatun Lake drainage
basin is not sufficient to supply the Panama Canal requirements for
lockages and generation of power, and draft on reserve storage in
Madden and Gatun Lakes becomes necessary to make up the defi-
ciency. The 1941 dry season period, during which draft on reserve
water storage was necessary, began December 12, 1940, and ended
May 24, 1941, a duration of 164 days. This is one of the longest dry
season periods on record, but the average inflow was considerably
higher than for the average dry season and the reserve water storage
was ample for Panama Canal uses. The total yield of the Gatun
Lake drainage basin for the 5% months of the 1941 dry season amounted
to 27.19 billion cubic fect. Of this amount, 11.96 billion cubic feet
were lost by evaporation from Gatun and Madden Lake surfaces,
leaving a net yield of 15.23 billion cubic feet available for useful pur-
poses. As dry season water requirements amounted to 36.21 billion
cubic feet, it was necessary to draw 20.98 billion cubic feet from re-
serve storage in Gatun and Madden Lakes. This draft on storage is
equivalent, to 4.60 feet depth on Gatun Lake, or to Madden Lake
enpneity at elevation 237.57 feet. The elevations of both Gatun
and Mn Jden Lakes during the 1941 dry season were regulated by
spilling at Madden Dam. The elevation of Gatun Lake varied be-
tween a maximum of 86.21 feet on January 5, 1941, and a minimum
of 83.47 feet on May 24, 1941.
FLOODS
No floods of any magnitude occurred over any portion of the Gatun
Lake drainage basin during the calendar year 1940 or from January
to June 1941. During the calenany year 1940, the run-off over the
Gatun Lake area was below normal for all months from April to
December. The maximum discharge at Madden Dam during the
fiscal year 1941 was 14,200 cubic feet per second on April 5, 1941.
The maximmn spilling at Gatun spillway was during the operation
of six gates on October 19 and 20, 1940, with a maximum discharge
of 70,000 cubic feet per second.
MADDEN LAKE
Madden Lake began the fiscal year 1941 at elevation 230.99 feet.
The lake was allowed to rise until sill elevation of the Madden Dam
spillway, 232 feet, was attained on July 24, at which time free flow
conditions over the da.m were established. Free flow conditions
continued until November 1, when the drum gates were raised to
elevation 250 feet. Madden Lake had filled to elevation 245 feet by
November 25 and was held near this elevation by needle valve spilling
until the beginning of the dry season. As the dry season run-off into










Alashlen Luke was closely equirnlent to the water consumption at. the
Aludden power station, Inke levels fell only slightly, being at approxi-
Inutely elevation 2-13 feet. on April 1. In order to allow overhaul of
asition ITatti drunt gates, Ilke elevations were lowered to approxt-
mat ely 220 feet between April 1 and 10. The minimum eleva t ion for

the year, 227.30 feet, was reached on May 29 and 30. Thereafter the
Ink, was allowed to rise, reaching elevation 237.97 feet on June 30,

1941.
NI.1DDI-'N I).\\f

(Thservations on possible seepage through the ridges adjacent to
ill( (1011 l)H.Ill 1111(1 tillsi'rvailtills 011 11pilft prPSS11TO Illis gal 0Ty dTtlill

800page ill file ( 8111 Were CODUTIlle(1 throughout (110 JORP.

11.11NTI-.NANCli OF CHANNEL-OTHEn DREDGING Acriverts:s

Dredges worked throughout the year dredging and maintaining the
Canal channel and terminal harbors from deep water of the Alantic
enhance to deep water in the Pacific; work also was continued on
various authorized special maintenance projects. In ashlition, dredg-

ing operntions on the wet excan(ion of the New Go(un Locks hypass
channel, Atlantic entrance, and the New Aliraflores Locks hypass
channel, Pacific entrance, was inaugurated during the year. Excava-
tion sharing the year is sununarized in the following table:


Location Farth Itock Total

Canal prrena dredUrHU
( u6n- pard s Cohec yards Cubic yard*
At inni le ent rance. maintPnance I e.,-,2..4m) si.".2..adj
Gasill lake*, rwaintenance 321.100 22,201) 333.340
Garileard I'm
11 seniortance. Inn inline slides................................... 204,900 198,100 403.000
Prnis-r I in 1: . ..................... ......... 167,700 .534.310 thi2.000
lunr-iflur*** Lake, maintenance............... ... .................. 7,400 ... .....-1 7.400
Pa. th. entrance:
11 unrenan.0 ................................. 62,100 14.100 NT 310
Project No. 1 it .. .......... 28,200 3.N10 30.aIri0
TuralCanalprian ........ ... I.411.;fill Gr .'dill 2.315.200


I 20.100 abic narris of this amount is from Alands Obersion chanarl
2 In ndhison 12.5.24."\cnhic vnrds of Chame sand produral by rranchant Atlan.
3 In rvbistson 25,005 cuble inrds of Chine sand pro*lured by cranehout Atlan.


REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMlA CANAL


?'.40 ..... 70.9to
****.:VM el....'.ie
"44.700 .50.e'.00 .104.300
.II. Ito 11.100
5,30 9m."Iso 101.400
24,9(0 1.500 26.400
200 ... 200
.111,000 ....... 413,000
5111. to 1518. to
1. 4 7. 311) 1.10..ant I 1 "FG.,500

1.018.20 40.800 1.990.000
1. 2 5, flin 272. 400 1. 5M.000

3.253.Am 313.*=no 3.5.57.010
no 2.7.0 lain nm 7,311.700
-1.27.4,.1.0 1.4.50.000 5.724.550


.-lunlarU tire.1,pr..;
Balbres harbor:
Maintenance ..... .. .. . .
Pr.,ar-s 1 No. 1, extension No. 2 .. .... . ..... ....
Ord..n fall ._ .. .. . . ........
Gatun Unke innish.irl I . .. ... . ........ .
Rollard I"sir tualliar
T'nited -base- Armyeabletrench
tiiron Lookslowereastchainfender........ . . ...
Ch:.s-r<-- l.... r eratel service:
line-* fl all- FTAlel . . .. . .. ...
.--Fr:11 Inc Havel beds .. ... .. . .
Total antill:sr.1 dredging .......... .. .....
Thard I acks bypass channela
New i t.aun Let 011n--- rhannel. Atlantleentrance . _.
No:1 M ir'dhere. I.r.< k 1.11.at--> ( Winnel, Pacific entrance ..... ...
Tur'ni Third Locksbypasschannels............... ........
Grand total, thed year 1941..
Grrorol travel. fheni year lots)










Dredging operations are divided into three major districts: the






~~~~~~~~~~Northern Ditit rmcnou 2fe eo enan sotea ee n Tthe

Atlantici Ocean to Gamboa thed Ceta Distri (Gilards Cut),yrd
from ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 93 Gambo to2 Pedr Migue locks the Sot isrc from







Earh.._ .. ... ... . ..... 93, 400 362, 600 95, 700 15, 4 31700
Rock. ... .. . . .. . 2, 200 7032,400 216, 00 776, 00

Totl ... ...... ..... .. ... 95, 001, 095, 000 117, 600 2 2, 2001,87, 200

Rock.. .. _. . 5, 600 983, 200 13, 500 135, 300


Earh .. .. .... 1, 248, 400 36, 1 8, 00 262, 900 1 879, 100

Fiscl yar 940 ...... .. ... 3, 394, 750 1, 477, 300 337, 700 1 5, 209, 750


REPRT F GVENOROF HEPANAMACAL






REPRTOF GVRO FTEPNM AA


Illief. v1rlie' oralitialit Allil.9 Wils Pilgalp*rl on Illulllidlilflee 111 file 08St.
OffV If) for 11 dall"S dIlfilly 010 JPilf PCITIOVilly it testall Of 700 cubic
VIIfdS Of Hilliefin ? It* total IIllllrlivilithf0 ( We gill? for ( IV Vellf in (10
lill aft*S Ltdif BPollull HNIOillited ill ?,-if 0 011610 YalfdS, All Of Which
Wils Pilf01. \ Hillivil:11100 ( ]'PI gilly 11 it (121 ill )Of H'llS CITffled 011
J le dIpper 4 [04 jfe 1 th'CGild-9 H 1 0 1 WildiPd 3 d11/8 (1714 TOIlloved
(ph 10 0 1 il(' y:Ifd> Of IIIIllvCld, at Of H 110 1 Wals Cliftil.

,hp].4 I.1L \fAIN11:N.1NI'E FIGHi t'fs

Proje rt .Yo. 1.--This project consi (s of eleepening th- Prific
CIliftifice (llillifle filill \ Inifigurew tr>(* is 10 ( 10 90:1 lilloys, ilHills ill@
Ralhou lishnr. .Lhlitions krmw-n as Proje -is Nos. 1-A and 1-B,
PilflNI 011 1:IIII'P, IIId PI'n [*(1 O, 1-, :I ) Mill 101Pro*I II('(' 010 Illi'I'])(lull ill 11"'-1 0 PI'0 **0(- NO. 1. Oil 111110 2,
1114), '1 Itall4 09. 2 till< 3, 8:10)IIll Of 101', WH'p II IIlli (1 Hill
flypfHYPd 0le* mil1 011 1:Illile 1111 ft)VPilli'IIts. The purpose Of
11Pil. Infl O. 2 IR 10 (fond0 ft lawill of 8 kil"fe frpillP alild I ("-ilf)
9 Hillill lif h'I'll.rulf VI-lull 100, 0life f FI' I'llwlil"' 010 .cppy til No. 13, Hulbna, at which simile fuellities have hereinfure been pro-
vish-al. The purpmes of Extension No. 3 are to lo-m-icle sullich-nt,
space for an othlitional pier, with slip. north of pier No. 18. and to
Illm'P:1.4P 1 10 OfI'll 8Vill a de for finedunrave. Dredging on Project
No. 1-B, Poeilic entrance, was in progree for a total of 123 clays
dIlfill2 OIf JOHP )Y O10 dIpper t VI*( Ef*S WilditJr? 811( (1.9OldtF.0, 70411 (Ill
in the excuralian of 30.000 cubic vants of earth and unruinal rock.
Subnqueous mining by the drillbant Tirrhr No. 2 was in process 33
days during the year which resulted in the breaking of 17,000 cubic
ynrals of rock. At the end of the fiscal year excarntinn on the Pacific
entrance portion of Project No. I was 96.2 percent completed. The
slipper dresle, Go;Jona workel a total of 9)j elays on Extension No. 2
of this prnject, exacting 61,.500 cubic yards of earth. There was no
dreeleine on Extendon No. 3, Bahon Unrhor, during ill, year.
Pre;, et .Yo. 18, 1,'m//orel St.-This project, leagun in 10::.1, consists
of nblening ('ulebra. Reach 1,y 200 feet to the westward. Dredging
Oil 114 proj1*01 Wils in progress ( II.Teldile, Graphort, :111d artisan, 5 100<' Ill II 112 WI 1 Walpilll, iflpOd
IIlld 14-11 milliner dfli 8 Illfilit OjiPhillnOS TYPTP (tifOrilled by fertiffff
.YO, j. Tilli 41(ife Ill flitig. W 11('11 W:IS Ill pros."I'i'AS Of it lostal of 365
der revillial in he breaking of a total of 1:1.1,000 enhic van1s of
rock. The opernlions of t,'rm/, r .Yo. .4 resulted in the slairing into
11' rrhill of liti's, tOI) 011 )lO lilfd< Of IIIllieflill, 1111* 11( 110* ]73,000 011 )lC
lair Of flillical rock, 100,tadi Cilble Valrtis of IIllillinal rock, 118{\
22. 10 ('II ale lin 5 ft Pilf01. T II' (Upper d[04 (PS WPPO 11( Work on
1 IP fit awa*f for:Ill elegre' ide of 170, shlys, UNeurallilly a (Of ill Of 092,000
Oil 10 YJlfe 5 Of Illfliefl 1 .





REPRT F OVENOROFTHE PNM AA


Turno LOCKS DREDGING
The Dredging Division is charged with the performance of prac-
tically all of the wet excavation in connection with the construction
of the Third Locks project which was officially started on July 1,
1940. This dredging work consists of the following ibus: New
Gatun Locks bypass channels, Atlantic entrance and south approach;
New Pedro Miguel Locks bypass channels, north and south approach;
and New Minflores Locks bypass channels, north approach and
Pacific ent conce. Wet excavation on the New Miraflores Locks
bypass channel, Pacific entrance, was inaugurated on the morning
of July 1, 1940, by the dipper dredge Ca.vada.<, while similar work
was begun October 1, 1940, on the New Gatun Locks bypass chan-
nel, Atlantic entrance, by the pipe line suction dredge Las Cruer..
No dredging was performed on any of the other bypass channels
during 1941.
New Mingtores Locks bypeos channel, Por',#c entrance.-Dredging
on this project, was in progress for a total of 246% days by the dipper
dredges Cascadas and Gamban. Subaqueous mining was in progress
for a total of 189% days by the drillboats Terrier No. S and Volcan.
Shore mining with Star Well drills was in progr.* 99 days. The
dipper dredge Cascadas, working 222% days in this bypass channel,
excavated a total of 1,353,400 cubic yards of material, consisting of
1,100 cubic yards of mined rock, 252,200 cubic yards of unutined
rock and 1,100,100 cubic yards of earth. The dipper dredge Ga;olore
worked 24 days in this aren during the year, excavating a total of
204,600 cubic yards of ma t erial, of which 19,100 cubic yards were
un mined rock and 185,500 cubic ya rds earth. Total excavation
to the end of 1941 on the New Miraflores Locks bypass channel,
Pacific eninance, is 1,558,000 cubic yards, which represents 11.8 per-
cent of the total to be dredged on this project.
New Catan Locks bypass chantal, Atlantle e atinoce.-Dredeing on
this project \\-as in progress for a total of 13.19 days during the year
with the pipe line suction dredge Las Oraces and the dipper dredge
Paraiso. Subaqueous mining by the drillboat Terrier No. 9 was in
progress 59 days, and shore mining with Star Well drills, 118 days.
The pipe line suction dredge Las Cruces worked 114% days during
the year on this bypass channel excavating a total of 1,843,800 cubic
yards of material, all of which was earth. The dipper dredge Paraiso
worked 24 days in this area excavating a total of 129,100 cubic yards,
of which 9,400 cubic yards were mined rock, 31,400 cubic yards
unmined rock, and 88,300 cubic yards eart-h. Total exewation to
date on the Neil Gatun Locks hypass channel, Atlantic entrance,
is 1,972,900 cubic yards and 26,100 cubic yards of dry ownvation
from the Mindi River diversion. At the end of the year the exca-
votion on this bypass channel was 20.1 percent completed.









SLIDES

The total excavation from slides in Guillurd ('ut for the fiscal yent
11141 unionisted to 210,4101) cashic yards, making the total slkle excava-
tion from June 311, 1913, to .11ane 30, 1941, 51,044,300 cuble yards.
Slide activity generally thrmighout the ('nt was Inurkedly less than
tif alekltill4 (*11[%. 11 14Wil 51( 0 HPht) Hill IlfRDIC lil 81gilli 8tR-
(ltillN ( o' H't () WPre1 II*(ill V (HO 5 It vb I 171( a tT/Oped 811/ 110(IPelib 0
titilYI V ( Ilflily 010 I 17. r IP Ilfill lip (5 10 th'HEllHIll 81gill 818-
flail 5 11 0 W1* Q 4 CCliffed dllfilly the HIOill 1 4 Oft) 100 allit Hils O YOff
. Inf( till d isin g till( lu( (.4 I IV ( tilriftl 5 It t* (HTM) ticeliffed ( (lflilg
dIt' Illairli 14 of r 11 y, All((]$( Und Ot-tober. Dair-Irip these ritoriths there
Wen' 0000 OffilOd 11101 t*Illaills ll 4 H 110 I H ('ft' 0011 17.04 ill 810 Illift 1001
SIT(lull 0 010 It 0 ftild IllVidVOd 811111 IlfHIS ( (lfllly 0le Of 100 Illile
months of the your the activity of this slith- was confined to a slowS
Utill--1:111( IllovrlHI'lit. Th"rdyes 0 )Pritted Ill 0II wide Only 2.5 months
( Ilflily I 10 ft'llf. T 1000 WHS 110 intedefellfP H I( IS Opplilg OH lit."CUllll(.
of slides during the year.
Details of the excavation front slides during the fiscal your 1941,

together n ills the total material evented front June 30, 1913, to the
mid of the past liscal year, are presented in the follow ing table:


Total

t gator r in
1.1 p
4
".'9.5 .il
.".ti,].11
"**..'150
121..150
1:-s.700
isra.000
I'.4'0
23.500
245.150
210mi
2..'.'. 200
Bl,\*21.000
140172.-$.50
1,4>3.450
In?.1100
183.700
39.500
11.344.3.10
247.900
Ital.2.50
110.800
ta.200
30.950
.'.1, ti-14, 300


140. 000 210, 001)


REPRT F GVEROROF TEPNM AA


1 Re alYear 1941


Total to date

Earth liock

librc yards ( able parris
f.."Illi .".. 011
7, IIIll.1 1. rgg
1.'. IIIII ]""...."*II
9,'".11 .(9Milli
ill.251) 4G.0:4)
21,(00 100.550
Ill.'T) 343.150
12,300 96.700
4.550 42.900
40.550 217.950
83.850 le:1 300
4.150 111.450
.%TO. 450 1, us: 750
271.12.111 11.I3",750
2. 2II.T.fe:n II. ss.** .1.*.11
4.5.1.Dill 1,027 750
219,750 is.150
15,000 li 100
7.900 31,800
2,492.950 8.451.400
383100 29,300
61.550 III.700
33.400 77.4110
1.950 7,250
80.800 255.130
0. 191. w.".0 42. 3.50. 450


Loention


Told

( hitc parder
(1
II
0
II
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
210,700
0
0
0
0
0
5,300
0
0
0
0


lic.r k

( uble yardr
(1
(1
(1
II
(A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13f),700
0
0
0
0
0
3,300
0
0
0
0


litut libl 1,,, 11-10 lot.-f l
fluell:1 \ ITs 11.1.* I 10-1 I
IIlli*n a 1 1 7.1 ]1.1.* 4n ,s. II
I:1.*8*$e- II*0=="Itif
\'. Hire- 100 e II-le so of I
R hite House slide (west).
Power f loweslide(west).. .
La I'ls:I -11.1** Irash _. .
La l*st-s sible sural
] rair.Irs* -11-> es.isl e .
Lars..-Ith- -c.s-H ..
Division**filer 11.10two.IL..
Lirin slide a w est a ... ...
('tild-rasliderestI
Calls br:s 11.11. I wed I
tillebra holentrn-surtleast)
11srt-o Re-ranir slide
("orstr:ss f ur's f illi triesrth) ....
( .ntract..r's Hill me El ...
Ciscarachnall-Ir ream .
4 neurachu "se An all.ietwest)
onib ("ne:sr:who slow son to
ftwaracha 1 sllace willie tea:.ta.
Parnismalide Ien II .. .
Unrta:*enn 12.10 swestl .
Tot al . .


, qi
II
II
1)
0
O
O
O
0
O
O
O
O
0
71.000
0
0
O
O
0
2,000
0
O
O
O
76. 000


KlullProlls EDIlli 1)I'ralis 811(1 Sufface JIlovelllellis OOMirred during the

year at various points throughout. Callard Cut. Daily inspections
and reports were made of all portions of active slide areas fronting the
Canal as well as a periodient inspection of the entire surface of all
slides. Drainage conditions were investigatal and corrected when





RE)PORTOFGVROOFTEANMCNL


possible. Monthly observations were taken of reference points on
east and west. Culebra, east Culebra extension, Cucaracha, South
Cucaracha, and Cartagena slides.
SUBSIDIARY DREDGING Division ACTIVITIES
The Gamboa gravel plant shipped 389,161 cubic yards of sand and
gravel during the year, an increase of about 84 percent over the
previous year; the normal output is about 50,000 cubic yards. The
need for sand and gravel for the many construction projects on the
Canal Zone accounts for this great increase in the output of this plant.
The pipe line suction dredge Las Oraces, together with the necessary
auxiliary equipment, was engaged for a total of 119% days on dredging
operations in connection with gravel production. The cranoboat Atlas
produced 125,245 cubic yards of Chame sand during the year which
was delivered in barges to Balboa and to the United States Army at
Cristobal. Wash drill investigations were carried out in connection
with the Third Locks Project aggregates, using two drill rigs between
the Gamboa railroad bridge and a point approximately 2 miles up the
river for the purpose of determining-available supplies of gravel.
The Canal and adjacent, waters through Gaillard Cut, Miraflores
Lake, and Gatun Lake (including all dump areas) were patrolled and
the growth of hyacinths kept under control. Log booms at the
mouths of the Chagres and Mandinga Rivers were maintained to pre-
vent hyacinths, logs, floating islands, and other obstructions from
entering the Canal channel during freshets or spilling at Madden Dam.
During the year, periodical inspection trips were made in the Chagres,
Mandinga, Frijoles, and Azules Rivers, and along the shores of Barro
Colorado Island, Pefia Blanca and Gigante Bays, dumps Nos. 1 to 14,
and Miraflores, Pedro Miguel, and Red Tank Lakes. Weekly inspec-
tion trips were also made of the Canal channel between Gamboa and
Gatun.
It is estimated that 23,383,500 hyacinth plants were destroyed
during the year in the following manner: 13,557,000 were sprayed,
5,483,000 were pulled, 4,150,000 were removed by cableway, and
193,500 were burned. In addition, 205 cords of driftwood were picked
up along the banks of Gatun Lake, Chagres River, Gaillard Cut,
Miraflores, Pedro Miguel, and Red Tank Lakes.

EQUIPMENT
The following dredges and other floating equipment were in opera-
tion during the year: The 15-yard dipper dredges Cascadas, Gamboa,
and Paraiso, were operated a total of 9 months, 8 months, and 7.5
months, respectively. The 24-inch suction dredge Las Oraces was
operated for 10.9 months during the year. The emneboat Atlas was
operated 0.2 months on general maintenance work and, in addition,






REPORTOF OENRO HEPNM AA


girld 4. Minid IS 4 ft'( LrillL' **!Illi 11( ( littlIP" (110 T(*IllatilliOF Of I le follT
H II till 111 ltil-f'id :111mills ...i*rk[( 1**** f) (OH 11", TIULrill!.', IIIII J 0 (kWilly
in wen i,-.- ..f the 1)n-deine 1)it i inn, Third Locks Project, and various
0111**0 ( vbaloll4 II 0it' Pillulllill Hil:I <*\fi*))( tif 11 Oli0 to .1 Insill018
Ill fi 10 Dat.J I $.4 [thilli 14 ( lifill" it I HP, Hill WilS It" d Ill FINITYP til 1111( IT
D'p;I C li 1111111014. r II' \Ye E III (' (fild**T ( 4 WIIS Ill St*F11('I* OF .7
month it project No. 13, 0 ilh nI ('nt; 3.2 months at lhis Ohispo
( illiffV Guill:mi ( il( illis shall thy by, 2.1 Illulli IS. The 20-incil
Telly |)11111 I litfLeg. y al< II' (1 its illi HP 00111})005500 MiltP flif 3.7
ITUtill 14 :11 [tfijPC( O. IB, ill alft) 011( .9 TrinIlth5 fit LIS 061890
ll:1ffy, I::11 :III ( 1 1 :Ills WIN MillldIlip ) .4 Illoll019 St it-- Obispo
Illfff. T 10 F ri 1111111) ):Ifu?" A0, 2j H IR 011( ft OflfillIllSSIOil ( 10
t*Hilfl* vt'llP Mild it' d 171 ft"SITIO Ill Chill 11 st*. rfin dEl )11111 Telf/ff
.Yes. ., W:1 Ill ColliIrillullS SPITI('V ( IlflilE 1 le 1sull' P.TPrpt (Of flint* lOSt on
ilCi'Hilll( Of )Is 1'[ Wils dIl" OJ)PI'll illlR, gent'f:J OO'HIIIII Ill< 11111100
Ivji:Ilf4, fi t:I 1111 2.1 Illulli 18. r she Ill 4if I II- 110W tifillin:1( idfrill W:lS
receival front in- Enite1 States on October 21, 10-10, and after in-
St0;Illtill 0 d10 Illus IIllery hv (11, 10-chmale:11 Dayssion, was emia-
mi -inswal on Thirch 17, 10-11; (In- ve sel operated the balance of the
li':IP, 011"(* If (17 d:17 W IPil 11 IllidI'fWeill Ill nny pop a ps. 1110 dfl -
0:11 ft rd as G. & H im Olit Of Coll11111M1sill clifflile the native v.-:ir:st the
II[;** D'ji:Ilf inf lain 10 6:111Ill 1:1 .0 Of til11hOR. .11? I'rintf u'risor .Yr).
't was in -.-rd.-, or s(muline by at project No. 13, Guillard Cut, 8.3
months. ural at Bus Ohispo Quarly, Onill:In1 Cut, 3.7 nioriths; it
1111( 11'Hi-fit Ill filif ff"p:df4 0.2 lilfilli 1. Exe-antiar Ao. 1 mis in nefitail
SPI'vier for 8.0 Illnhill-; It Wui HIE:I"t*il 3.8 Ill(sillits OH (flke 00041fliciloll,
011'; VillIIIE df:Hil:1EP dIII' le** 011( 010 11( I lYPT ( 111'NIOil 441:IIIIII} Of
the New Gatun Lock, hi p:iss channel, Atlantic entrunce; 1.8 months
Ill t to fur( ](abill* ffil:1rry (*NCHYO(IllE Dick for ( 10 WW1 kfly Slip
br.-nkwnt,-r; atal 1.3 monthe enuatructine I inifloro*C 1,sifi< ][1):144 0 1:111111' F:If'd0 Oflif:11100. .10:111110?
3* WOR 10 :10(11:0 SOff ("1* for 5.5 nionihs, Inneline at the Canihoa
stock plie, event:ltine materin1 for unlarging the gravel stock pile clike,
tiliti for likite to4) flfilfill," ills.' 811I'< (OT new quarters in Cambon; this
P14':Inifor WilR In Ti* ITVB 2..$ IllOlit 18 !!III 11114100 TOpilif .2 1110130IS.
10:1VHROTS } O. & init] .Yo. WofP reftin't :1041 @:100( Il SITY CO
dIlflitk' 010 p ilf dIP liflut*C lifinfull'd R fat:II of 8..9 Illiartil ill lonalli
"DIVil ill C:Illd)011, P.14'llnlilllE 011* IlPW stork (pi r*, I'X( Villlfig hlf 011 lif"Hill 000 )1 0 4 Ike-, exe viiting for
d Ill$ tilld Brill 11" ( It' 91109 for flPW gilliffers Ill CHill 100, fill( OXCHYRi.-
ing the Alincli River diversion channel for the New Gnton Locks hy-
pilSS 0 IIlline!" t*\lilYalfor v. @2100( ill 800000 elmlliftTY 13, 1941,
Openitt's ( le" rrill!Illli CP Of (110 p*ilr (except 0.5 month when it was






REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL


held in reserve or under minor repairs) excavating for filling and
grading sites for new quarters in Gamboa, excavating for enlarging the
Gamboa gravel stock pile dike and grading an area for storing washed
and screened sand and gravel. The 250-ton floding cranes Ajax and
Hercules were operated throughout the year in miscellaneous services
for the various divisions of the Panama Canal and the Unites States
Army. Five la rge tugs, the Trinidad, Chagres, Gatus, Empire, and La
Boca, supplemented by the Mariner and Bohio and the three small tugs
Indio, Siri, and Cocoli were operated during the year in general towing
and transportation service. The Diesel ferry boats Preside at Roosevelt
and Preside nte Amador provided a two-ferry schedule throughout the
year, with one ferry on three shifts, and one on two shifts operation.
Five caterpillar tractors No. 1, No. 9, No. 8, No. 4, and No. 5 were re-
ceived and placed in service during the year. Other equipment in
service during the year included three quarterboats and 30 Star Well
drills.
FERRY SERVICES

Thatcher Ferry.-Ferry service across the Pacific entrance of the
Canal, connecting Balboa and Panama City on the east bank of the
Canal with Thatcher Highway on the west bank, was operated on a
continuous 24-hour basis throughout the year. A heavy increase in
volume of traffic at Thatcher Ferry was experienced in 1941 over 1940
due to large construction work in progress on the west bank of the
Canal. The total number of vehicles carried during the fiscal year
1941 was 76 percent in excess of that of the preceding fiscal year. In
the following table are shown the more important statistics relative
to operation of the ferry for the past 2 fiscal years:

1941 1940

Smgle rrips made by the 2 ferries..---------------.............................. 60, 933 44,023
1'eha les carried:
Panama Canal vehicles....--------- --...................................... 39,289 24.049
U. S. Army vehicles....... ........... .. ... .......................... 110,256 69,199
Commercial trucks...... .................. .............. ............ 151.718 42.889
Commercial passenger cars.................................................. 132.016 93, 748
Private cars....................................... ......... ............ .. 467,073 281.324
Total vehicles carried...................................................... 900. 352 511. 200
Total passengers carried...................................... ............ 4, 891, 812 2, 459.311


Miraflores Lake Ferry.-A tug and barge ferry service between the
east and west banks of Miraflores Lake was inaugurated on August 12,
1940. Normally the use of this ferry is restricted to Government-
owned vehicles or vehicles engaged in the transportation of Govern-
ment employees in connection with their work. During the year, a
total of 14,319 single trips were made and a total of 77,807 vehicles
and 395,763 passengers were ferried across the Canal.






REPRTOF GVRO FTEPNM AA


MARINE ACTIVITIES

The pretmilitantlry silenstares arantigrarated ill 1939 regartling rigid
inspect iall of charges and I he @Reilly of OFIlled guardS On board trans-
lillig vt* overhaul work in progress at the locks only one of each pair of locks
was available for use of transition vessels during the greater part of
the venr. The international situation has caused a large decrease in
the number of ('and transits, but the limitation of lockage facilities
due to the overhaul mul the innuguration of a schedule for the lockage
of dredge spoil tows has had the effect of lengthening the period of
time for transition vessels born a normul of nhout 8 hours to about 15
hours.
AIDS TO NAVIGATION

The innintenanor of nids to navigation was continued throughout
the past fiscal year. Various changes, improvements, and ashlitions
to the aids, hath lighted and unlighted, have been made during the


ACCIDENTS TO SHIPPING

The Board of Loal Inspectors investigated and reported on 34
avoidents to shipping in Canal Zone waters during the fiscal year
1941, a stunmary of which follows with a comparison of accidents in
1110 two previous years:


Cathe of accident 1941 1940 1939

Shap struck look wall 9 8 7
,whip el.arn se.* I bc Inc. 7 8
Whip struck elros k 4 8 4
Ship .srrill k C neal harak. t 3 2
Ship crularish-*I.. I 2 4
0.iles..ii 1 1 2
Other calises............ 7 6 2
Toral ... .. ......... 34 33 27


SALVAGE AND TOWING

Pilitallill, 10120 C(filiplllfilt allld (OUSOillie TOlls OTOd HSSISidll('O .0
two disubled or distressed ships during the year. Successful salvage
Opentilaris wr-re Polid110tral 011 0110 Ve88PI will('ll 11811 St..flu-k 1110 Canal
Ennk in Guiliard Cut, while one vessel which had become disabled
in the Pacifle Ocean mine 900 miles born Balban, was towed to
it JOil fl Rf.' 1001 O.








ME TE OROLO GY---H YD>ROLO G Y---SE ISMYOLO GY
















190wa ostaiderb beo oml o l ttinwt he de-


cetalbo secgtion,~~~~_ 84__.15___ inches __ or u 17 pern beo omal an in th


Octobero grats rainall The maiumn l in24 consecu-
Cristobal on Novmbe 10 and 11. 4 81


REPORT FGVRORO H ANM AA





REPRTOF GOV'ERNOR OFHEP AA NL


Wirals arol burniality.-- Monthly zuenn wind velocities on the Pneilic
coal---( ( Ill lilE 1 10 020011* ill ft'8f 9-10 CallI'ded FOIll 4.4 IlldOS per lullF
Ill .NPjitrillbl*r (O li lities per alll* 111 February, With & IllaxilllUIll
lidonly far 8 .0-IllilIllie perim O 28 1111104 per imilf frolll (110 110001 On
F(*brilary 21, till0l Y 1110:111 H Il< VC Of'lilf8 011 1 10 .\0DHilC COSSt,
Talrules (fullt F).7 111 OS per 1111110 Ill hoptelllber LO 14.2 mileS per lotlT
Ill be onlilry, H it 1 8 -Ill 111110 lilli.1111111Ill of 31 IlldPR per holif FOTH
0(0 IlordI Oil Fe fildry 22. Oft11Wt*St Will 8 Were Illoit @PC Ilent,
it is]12 1 10 FUflic 00851 Ulld 110f01 H IIII 8 id011/ ( 10 OilflC CORd. T 16
Inval reititive blinlidity for (110 Calettinf year 1940 WH< 81 perPPDL On
hath costs. Monthly means on the Pucific const ranged from 72
percent in Alarch to so percent in November. Monthly means on
the Atlantic coast rangel from 76 percent in April to SG percent in
NOVPIlibef.
Tid, <.-During the enlendur year 10.10, the following extreme tidal
heights occurred at Paulboa, the Pacific terminal of the Canal: Highest
high water, 10.8 feet uhove nican son level on October 3; lowest low
water, 11.5 feet below mean son level on February 20; antI the greatest,
rance between consecutive tides, 21.3 feet on October 3. At Cristo-
bal, the Atlantic terminal of the Canal, One following extremes
occurred: Highest high water, 1.35 feet above mean sea level on
November 20; lowest low water, 0.81 feet below mean son level on
December 20; and the greatest range between consecutive tides, 1.76
feet on Dec.-inher 1.
Sw is-udo;,y.-There were 2SS seismic disturhances recorded at the
Enhan Heichts seismological station during the calendor year 1940
of which lus were too dight and indistinct to cheily, lS were definitely
of diciant origin, and the renininine 62 were of comparatively nonrhy
origin with epicenters distant less than 300 miles. Four of the
narby shocks were of .-uncient inton ity to be felt by local residents.
A total of 144 seismic disturbances were recorded during the G-month
period, January to June 1941, of which 93 were slight and indistinct.,
12 were of distant origin, and 37 were of nonrhy origin with opicenters
distant less than 300 miles. Five of the nearby shocks were of sufE-
cient intensity to be felt by local residents. No tremors occurring
during the eniendar year 1940, or during the period January to June
1941, exceeded Intensity III on the Modified Mercali Scale, and
none enused any damage locally.
Krw Rainfall Stations Established.-Eight new rainfall stations with
automatic mechanical registration were established in the Gatun
Lake watershed area during the fiscal year 1941, and one existing
station was changed from standard to automatic type.












SECTION II


BUSINESS OPERATIONS
The business enterprises carried forward by the Panama Canal
and by the Panama Railroad Co. embrace a number of activities
which in the United States would normally be encried on by private
initiative. These netivities have been developed either to meet the
needs and denuinds of shipping passing through the Canal or to meet
the needs of the organization and its force of employees. The busi-
ness enterprises include those sections which are engaged in the sup-
plying of fuel, provisions, ship chandlery, and repairs to vessels; the
sale of foods, clothing, and other essentials to Canal and Railroad
employees; the handling of cargo and allied olerat ions; and the
operation and management of the Panama Railroad and of the steam-
ship line operating between New York and the Istlunus.
The Canal and the Railroad are separate organizations, but the
administration of both organizations is vested in the Governor of the
Panama Cand, who is also President of the Panama Railroad Co.
PANA1VIA CANAL BUSINESS OPERATIONS
Business ope re t ions of the Panama Canal are conducted sopurn t ely
from operating activities pertaining directly to the transition of
vessels, and the government of the Canal Zone. The annual appro-
priation acts for the Panama Canal authorize for expenditure and
reinvestment all moneys received from the conduct of nuxiliary busi-
ness netivities with the proviso that any net profit derived from such
bushwss activities shall annually be covered into the Treasury of the
United States.
It is the aim to operate the business activities as a whole on a self-
supporting basis and to include as a charge against business opera-
tions a fixed capital charge of 3 percent (with some minor variations)
as interest on the investment. In the amounting of profits to be
covered into the Treasury, the amount representing charges for
interest on investment is a part of the net profits covered into the
Treasury and is in effect a reimbursement to the United States Treas-
ury for interest paid by it to holders of Unit ed States bonds. The
invasiment in business netivities totaled $37,448,541.54 at the begin-
ning of the fiscal year, and $30,356,359.95 at the end (tables 4 and 5,
see. V). The capital charge for the fiscal year 1941 was $904,783.10
27
425124--41---3





26 REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL


(table 20, see. V). The profits of $1,008,741.70 exceeded this amount
by slo3,ans.co.

.11I;('H.1NIf'.1L AND AfAltlNY YORK

The volume of work performal for the Panania Canal, which is the

principal source for work in the mechanical division shops, showe<1 a
decrease of $1.353,002 ns entupnreal with the prevealing fiscal year.
The total vollane of work for all interests was $5,245,438, a decrease
of $NIS,537 as conipowel with the previous year. These statistical
( N'TCHSCS HT0 Illislating MS they were flue to decreames III purchases of
fabricated materials from the Unital Sides. The actual work per-
formal in the shops was greater instead of less.
The value and class of work done in 1941, and the sources thereof,
as compared with the preceding year, are shown in the following table:

Gross revenue-class and source


Percent Fiscal year I Percent
oftwal 1940 | oftual


40 4 $1.147.773 25.5
12.r. 4f.I.Alf. 7.6
7 5 211.571 3.5
30 5 3.512,775 63.4
- Iran a r..003.995 I 100.0

58.3 4.110.551 72.8
13.5 490.982 8.1
15.8 retro4 10 0
12.4 ?*44.155 9.1


Fiscal year
1941


$2.120.423
ra.r).425
303.140
2.071.-t.'0
5.245.4.58

3,000.579
TV.4.'1
830,762
647,716


Class-
Marine...... .. ... . .. .. ....
H:ukonel . ..... . ........ ....
Fabravatedstock ...... ... ... ........
Sundries. ... .. .. ............
Total.......... . ....
Oriern-
Pnnnnia Canal ..... . .............
Panarlin losilron*I .... . .. ......
Other United Statesdepartnients .................
Outsuleinterests ................................
Total.......... .. .... .. ..................


Operating expenses for the fiscal year totaled $5,167,252, leaving a
not revenue from opern Iions of 878.176.
The marine work listed shove incholes construction of new vessels
for the Coal and overhaul of vessels for the Canal, the United States

Navy, ural other departments of the Unital States Government, as
well as merchnut, ship repairs.

DavoocKS

During the year 153 drydockings were made at the Balhou and
Cristabal drydocks, further details of which are eiven below:



Yessels beginning to

Panarns ( unablivisions .... .. . . . 28 5
I' 8 .\"st> . . .............................. .. ............ 25 28
U 8 trn \* . 9 4
Otherder artrarnrealrhe t".s clas-crnment 1
Patiatnn looir..'ssi < 0 1 2
Outside Interests ........ .12 20
Total.. ..... 94 59


I i 1


III





REPORTOFGVNOOFTEPNMCAL


The Balboa drydock was unoccupied only 6 days out of the year,
while the Cristobal drydock was unoccupied 72 days. In the fiscal
year 1940 the Balboa drydock was unoccupied only 8 days and the
Cristobal drydock 106 days.
MARINE REPAIR WORK
No outstanding jobs developed during the year on commercial
vessels although heavy repairs and voyage repairs were made on a
considernhle number of vessels. The principal commercial ship repair
jobs at the Balboa shops were made on two Diosel-driven motor vessels,
each of which had suffered a broken crank shaft. In these cases, it
was necessary in order to remove the shafts to dismantle the engines
almost completely and to rebuild the engines after the shafts were
repaired. At the Cristobal shops general repairs, aggregating $10,000
each, were made on two small coastwise vessels. Assistance was
furnished in making a general examination of the main and auxiliary
machinery of the S. S. Conte Blancamano, and of arranging the care
and preservation of the vessel.
As in past years the Cristobal shops were used as the overhaul
yard for all submarines stationed in Canal we t ors, while, unlike pre-
vious years, a constant stream of naval work passed through the
Balboa shops. In addition to affording periodical drydocking and
extensive general overhaul to all local submarines, minesweepers,
yard craft, and district vessels, and to affording voyage repairs to
transiting naval vessels, the mechanical division made extensive
alterations to various destroyers, and extensively rehabilitated and
fitted out the various Naval patrol vessels as fast as they arrived at
this station.
The marine equipment of the dredging division and marine division,
together with that of other divisions of the Canal and Railroad, was
afforded the usual drydocking and genernI overhauls. The dredges
Paraiso and Cascadas, and the 250-ton floating crane Ajax, were the
largest drydocking and repair jobs for t.he dredging division. The
machinery purchased for the dredging division's drillboat Vulcan was
installed and the vessel completed for service. At the Balboa Shops,
four standard type launches were built for the marine division and
one for the- dredging division. Other construction work consisted
of one 5,000-barrel oil harge and two wooden scows for the Navy, one
standned 1,000-yard dump scow was advanced to a point where it was
nearly ready for Inunching.
At Bamon the Colombian destroyers Antioqula and Caldas, the
Colombian training ship Ournia, and the Ecumbrenn cruiser Presi-
dente Alfaro were drydocked for general overhanis. The United
States Lighthouse tender Acacia wa.s given a routine drydocking.






REPORT OF GOV\ERNOR FTEPNlACNL


1 ORK (.)THER Ill.4N AltlNE \YORK

12 it Hill IPilly D*(Illfs till th'Olilt 0175 illld (11 10( FO 1117 stock of
10 PHildlilfl it [illisi 00, were calypled Hill its 1100( Ps lit 0IP IPill"y
ft" )HIES WITt" I'I'll \' ft"( 11('('( It'Pillist' th 010 1110(' lilSP 0 IlPW 0001710-
till" 11 11( lill it III foldille* ("alf reptilf5 Hild 10 1 IP 17 III adilllilull Of
ble f1't fl*9t*ITP fe*IdI calf 111* Ile*W ft-fflp*Fator estry., were at ( ( liflil@
fl flill Hill 111 dI'd 10 I 10 binalillal 811 Dills orgillpillI'llt.

LIN1 (11PRol'E11ENT**

HIlleftills illy)fake*IllilIIS WPEP CHYPhi 011 0ICally 1 1 sq* >tl] ( 11/$
alill (ftilills SO 1 II' IIIt'f4Hillit'll d111-1011, 1110 Ill IIIg 0li' Collsiflil' 1011
OF 8 IleW SWlk 1 >Olift Ill 1 le WOne --1109 all I le* Billisal '-- 10 IS, all I 8
(*FI' fill fly d21111 lar ticalliedits*, tl( $111* Offshd 8 Dillild Itallit* 8
IleW Sit*Id ITIOf 11:ik p fic *d till 1 10 *** lit])4 0 ICI* )il I 110' Ri 11:d Mill.
-full 14PClfic Oled1111( (171114 ily ("fillIP Wil.4 Ill I 11 10 0le barge
tilld pipt' Hip, [14to it PhiligMilt*Ills Wt*I'i* 11111(10 dilDily (110 yett
for Un- alectuisition of about 8700,000 worth of machine tools for
Bulhou and ('ristabul hops to replue, 001 tank now in use arol to othl
(O pfCSI'ht Illud11110 100 I'giliplIllill. 180 1 10 Ill:1d11110 100 '4 ilfe
IllIllIlly Illil(4IIIII' shop PffligilWilt, 1 10} 1 t> 1110 tid0 111110 IIllPS Ilf 0It"
forge slu.p, pipe shop, holler allop, and in Irument repair shop.

Er.ne-flue.it IN:-*I'.\LLAllUN .\ND REPAIR YOHK

The principal netivities of the eketrical division are as follows:
The Operilfloll 811(1 Ill:11111071111100 Of 1110 poWef Systi'Ill fill* Operation
fill( IllHillioll:11100 Of idf*p 10110, it.1pappip)g 4.14.p(p]p (-100 ifP 11 QCIT1,
printing telegraph. and railway sigan1 systems; the operation and
maintenance of the street lighting systern; and the insulation and
BlilIllioIlilllPP Of 511(' I definfid C(flilpilfilt flS 15 COfflilfl'd by 1 10
0181110 0811211 2111( Othol" 01'el'llIllellt flRPilflPS, of SY Yeswels illltier-
Olily TPJlidES 111 the CAllid 10fIllillidR. FO 10 Y0flilllS OXpPTld (Off*< Of I 10 dPPifkid (11YIRittil of I le prid (WO
19021 yefif4.


Expenditures 1941 1940

Maintenance anti ape-rat ion of power 4 ,Wm ... .... ... WinPAQ $[.38,400
Con-inationanslumentenansent**ketrwwork. .. . .. 3.121=.'.23 1,K31.4Ti
Aluiraten me and cla ration of to h phones .. II-1.'.Mill 13.1.982
Maints unnes- and "Peration of railway an nah 47,9-til 41,286
Total .... .. ... ... ...... . ... ..... ................... 1. N-t.(151 2.f47.1.'s4


Phil 4 O O10 1100121 filll'-offilfilvil allit IllrilllfPhillif0 fledOfmed OF
010 puWef (11b*Ill Ililly be (01211(| all j)tige 13 Of 1 118 ft-port, 1111( Of ( 10
(PIII'Od li'ilding (if ( 21|1:1 (apittlildil, W ll 0 (JpffHillig MilflSilOS Of 0le
10 if 11 110 Shill (We asks*Fed Oil 01/1* 40 tills of 010 (Iperilflall Of d10









Panaa Ralroa Co.The total of $4,484,051 shown above for gross





















expeditresincldesintr-deartent l transacios.a a A is an yex-


by ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ $5 the, eletrc work unit nd, henc, this dietelmn f xes
is ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 23,3,1 included01 inth xpnesofbthte o rsytm ndte lcti
work.14 42 1, 0
PURCHASES36,15 AND725 INSECIOS N HE NIEDSTTE
The ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 prncpa pucae fsppisfrtePaaaCnlwr
made ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 89 thrug the2 Wasinto Office ashrtfoe rnc fie
with ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ $15,2 asitn prhsngaet i hre eecn,inue at New
York ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 22,7 an San91 Frnic.Th aaaCna eia scin e


REPOT OFGOVENOR F THE PNM AA





_ _~ ~


REPRTOFGOENRO TH PAth.CNL


ShlippJin wll~ I~\~1 as~ tol~ unit of he' Unitedt Statcs ArmyS andl United


Fl.Leal p*nr Fiscal year Fiscal year
1541 1940 1939


$24. t?4,3fit $14 110/1.57 $.5.390.280
24."27.1)U-1 14,0019.445 ftafil,776

**17.2'"4 71.2l? 37.513

.. $.",.3'*221.' $3,"'9(J.(10 $4.452,917
.. $2.4.02'. th.fs20 $1.'..344
... 2,072 1,911 ],746
??il. 554 507,,5811 $4.5,7.96
ns bl wi 176
O 0 0


fir**< revenues--Fnles and issues ......... .. .. ..
Cost of material, phis n *eristing exianses .. ...

Netrovenues.............. ............. . .. .

InventuryasofJune30 _................ __ ...
8.rm.:m.I obsolete stock on hand, June 30........ . ...
Mingle*r of -r* nnobin sales .. ...... ...... ..
Steamship **.sl.** 1nin.
S.*run metal schi in be.el inark**I ru
th*ru a metal sold for e \part . .in


Onsma-:re .in Esse-.urici-:1m.1-: Puous:1cry .\so Euriests:.w


During the year disposition was Innele by sale, or hy th-struction

TVilore till' ItelllS limi IlO Illolley value, of obsolete or IInserviceuble

property ural equipinnist which had no original value of .\.332,1,42.

Repin.eeinents were nulele as necessary.


FITL OIL, DIEMEL OIL, .1501.151', .1ND KI-nossess


All deliveries of the products listed above to onel from tunl..s for

private companies, as well as for the Ponumn Canal mul the Unital
a lillPS H.Yy, 870 111114 Pt lftilly I pipe ille*- QB( pilllifling phill 4 Of the

PM.IIHill:I C:11lid.

The folh>w ing inhle simunarizes the opera tion of the fuel oil limulling

p1nuts for the past 3 years:

Fisent year Fiscal year Fiserst year
1911 19115 Jill9


Rarrels Farrels Perrels
. 7,195,492 7,144,984 3.170,455
. 5,761,516 "..317.363 3,8.'.5.500

12.v.T.ilm 12.4u2.TIT (4.11.57,9.15

.111, ".19 30'l.11.5 141<.707
.'4.50.1.91 24's.157 203.843
.'.-1. 2-'\ .V.,147 >.000
3'.* 151 .N.no4 >.074
11,9UJ..'dct II.W11,utti 8,509.5.22

12.0.T.nets 12.402 at? u.037,o.L5


0.5 IG.'\ 100
2.1120 2,200 2.063

2.71.1 2,4'll 2.172


.N.." 4.37.". ."*,:da.4ti 3,7.16,*03
1.71..921 1,-thittis.' 1, 139,017


$1.1141.4 9.42 $821, 125 $817, 173
960..111M 777,372 511,370

43,524 43,753 105,797


Fuel and l >i, cel *,il -
IIandlest at Mount flopo t.1tlanticside).... ..... .. ... ....
Ilandledat lialbs..s.I'wifieside)................ ...........

Totalbarrelshundled ...... . .

Receive.I by the PannTnn Canal ........ ., . . .
T'w.I by the l'an..Inn Canal . .. . .. .
v.hi 1..1- th.* I'nn-man I':m.il. . ... .........
11I allme..ustransferson tank farms..... ...... .. .....
l'urnp*ulforoutsidebterests................... .. .........

Turnlbarrelshnnelle-st ....... .

Number obtalys.li=ehnrcing car receiving furl and Diesel nil
Punnn.nlin:slersit........... .
All utho rs ................. . ... ........

Total........... .. .. . ...

Oasulirn and kerowne:
thalk gue.hin* r.*r.-it'ral- gall.ina .... . . .
itralk k. r..sene n-resse-.1 all.nse . .

Financin1 re *mit of operation<
Total revenues
Toldesponditurestincludinf oostof sales) ... .. .. ..

Netrevenues... .......................................






REPORT OF GVRO FTEPNM AA


BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE

The past fiscal year has been devoted principally to the construction
of quarters for the rapidly increasing personnel brought to the Canal
Zone in connection with defense projects and the Third Locks project.
Specid emphasis has been placed on the building of quarters and other
facilities in the new locks towns of Margarita and Cocoli; further con-
struction also was carried forward on the Third Locks headquarters
town of Diablo Heights. In addition quarters were constructed in the
older towns of Cristobal, Balboa, Gatun, and Gamboa. Maintenance
wa.s continued on the existing buildings in use, with minor repairs and
repincoments being made throughout the year.
The principal projects of building construction completed by the
building division during the fiscal year 1941 were as follows:
Oristobal.-Erection of a motor car repair shop, truck shed, ord-
nance office, cement shed and shop, Fort Davis; 23 buildings for silver
family quarters and one building for gold bachelor quarters.
Margaritu.-Erection of 18 buildings for gold family quarters and
5 buildings for gold bachelor quarters.
Gaten.-Erection of 6 buildings for gold family quarters, 3 buildings
for gold bachelor quarters, 8 barracks for silver laborers, one silver
mess hall, and one paint and enrpenter shop for Atlantic Locks.
Genaboa.-Erection of 6 buildings for gold family quarters, 3 build-
ings for gold bachelor quarters, and 8 barracks for silver laborers.
Pedro Migucl.-Erection of 7 buildings for gold family quarters
and one buibling for gold bachelor quarters.
Cocoli.-Erection of 10 buildings for gold family quarters, one
building for gold hachelor quarters, and two barracks for silver labor-

Diablo Heights.-Erection of 62 buildings for gold family quarters,
3 buildings for gold bachelor quarters, commissary, gold elementary
school, and office building for special engineering division.
Ancon-Balboa.-Erection of 24 gold family quarters, one building
for gold bachelor apartments; silver commissary; annex "E", Gorgas
Hospital, and 4 barracks for silver laborers.
In addition to the new construction, expenditures for maintenance
and repair work during the past year aggregated $1,318,361, of which
$460,212 was expended on maintennnee of quarters of gold employees
and $161,436 on maintenance of quarters for silver employees; the
balance of $696,713 was spent, on all other maintenance work per-
formed by the building division.






REPORT OF GOVERNOROFTEPNACNL


The total volume of construction and maintenance work for the
past. 3 years is surnsunrized helmy:

I
Fiscul .Lear Fr.* I 1141 1940 1930

Por Canal dill I..n
it.*) alr:sn I runintenanry a .rk... .. .. . $# -1,n3.'. SM.I.-tuo $1H9,030
('un IrusIson us.rk .. 7, L 1.07.2 4.Insi),'.2'" 1,463,052
For the Pananm km1runal Co
its* anir and maintenance work . ... . 2 ...148 94,:G.'. (il.220
Constrin*(>.nwork _.......... .... ........ ... .. I 3.'.sfilf\ 10.5.871 5,540
FurWinrshpartIntni.oftheGov.ruinentengin.1resandothers.... i 30,703 1.5%.ful 64,921
Toth . 1994.*,0 1.. L'.J. 70.5 2. 2413, 3"'2
Tadulmaintenance........... . .......... .. ..... 1.314.30.1 1."..i.'.01 .....,U
Tutalconstruelion.......... ..................... .......... 7.1171),:6.5 4..19,105 1,-trinMs3
Tntal ... .. hanM.1141 5.1..?,"(13 2,248.372


1-Alin:it.S FOil E11PLOYEER

Gold Employer.e.-As stated previously, the construction of quarters
for gold employees constituted the major netivity of the building divi-
sion in he fiscal your 1941. This program irn-ludeal the construction of
168 new buibling totaling 831 upertinents for family quarters, and 14
hachelor haiblings, lotaling 440 rooms old 40 bachelor apartments.
Ftif 0IP Eft*Iller ])AM, 1 1080 ll"I'0P 0111 ily 0 lipHTilllPill hollSCS Of 8 SpPelR
type els-sigrical to provide stilall apartruerits to unploym-s is-lisporarily
II( dt*d it 010 DYpilllZill1011 III ('01100011011 H'll I 010 dPsign 811( 001181file-
lion of the Third Locks mul oth-r projects.
Even with the heavy haibling program outlined above, the influx
of Ilell" PIlljdOfrPS ftif UNCOPdPC 010 Supply of quarters, usin*<*Iily faintly
itet*Oniniml: tions. On June 30, 1941, there were all applientions on
0 107 lillli y glinfiffs HS Ofillly Ired with 650 upplientions on June 31),
1940.
NO 0 11111 (*8 WI*FP Illid0 III 110 gPilffl0 TPgidflilOllS ROVPDLIlly 1 10
RSsignfilents 11110 rental of < Ilurit*FS to Allieflean employees.
Silr OTI the SalIlle IMISIS MS Ill previous years. Several 110W haltracks were
Creded (OT Silver 1111110 lilborers. NO falTIll]y QURTi.OTS 10[ SI YOF PIll-
players on the Third Locks Project will he provided by the Canal.
The new construction comprised the following: 4 haracks for 720
silver men at La Born; 2 barracks for Ten silver men at ('aeoli; and 8
harracks for 12ti4 silver nion at Cutun. In addition to these, 8 other
illfilf 9 JITOVidIlly 11.0001711110( IlilOllS Of 2,49ti IllPII WPTP 1111( OF COTI-
struction at 1he end of the fiscal year. In Silver City, on the Atlantic
914 0, 23 Of 1 10 $fi IIllilonZed 12-fillldly fallitalillield. Illi d111(5 WPTP
completed. These buiblings were authorized in house Panarna Canal
alll( Pillutillti all TOlid 0111|) OfPOS fonilefly Feat II)( III (.01115 !.II 001011
nfier the Colon fire of April 1940. The demand for quarters from






REPRTOF GVRO FTEPNM AA


employees on the silver roll is far in excess of the supply. As of June
30, 1941, there were on file 2,593 applications for silver quarters.
More than 65 percent of the operating forces on the silver roll of the
Canal and Railroad organizations have been living in the cities of
Colon and Pannum for the past. several years.

REPLACEMENT OF QUARTERS FOR AMERICAN E.11PLOYEES

About 14 years ago cost records indicated that the expense of main-
taining the oldest frame quarters for Amerienn employees Und ranched
the point where replacement was the most economies procedure. A
survey showed some of these old quarters were built by t.he French
Canal Company and by the Panama Railroad Co. before the United
States acquired the Canal Zone in 1904. There were also in use a large
number of construction camp type of frame houses built during the
first years of American operations and large numbers of similar houses
built prior to 1915. Some of these were reerected houses which had
been moved from towns that were abandoned upon completion of
construction work. It was realized that their replacement would
require an extensive emist auction program over a period of years.
The matter was placed before Congress and the first appropriation
for replacement of quarters for American employees was made for the
fiscal year ended June 30, 1927.
The first types of quarters designed and built for the permanent
force were of concrete. On account of the large first cost, of concrete
buildings. designs were resorted to of concrete column and first-floor
beams with wood frame structure above. After experience in the
construction and maintenance of various types of houses, and after
giving consideration to original cost, upkeep, etc., the wooden struc-
tures supported on conerote beams have been adopted as standard, and
are preferred by a majority of the employees.
The program has been enrried forward on funds appropriate oneb
year by Congress so that at the end of the fiscal year 1941, replacements
for 863 family and 304 bachelor apartments had been const ructed.
In recent years the 44- and 40-hour weeks and the increased activities
related to national defense have so expanded the regular Canal force
that an acute shortage of quarters has resulted. To relieve this
shortage it was necessary to retain in service some 221 apartnwnt.s for
which repInvements had been constructed and to use all appropriated
funds to build additiond quarters. Even with this arrangement in
effect. there were 833 applicants from the regular Canal force awaiting
assignment to family quarters as of June 30, 1941. Itisnow est imated,
however, that completion of the 1941 construction plus the funds
appropriated in 1942 will enable the Canal to provide neeommoda-
tions for approximately 34 percent of the 833 regular employees who







REPORT OF" rrOVERN)R FTEP AM CNA


.1' rr be tcrof~ a partmentlrrs for A4merican empr IloFy ees'I qa rters


Gambon Prolrn Ancon 'Total
.111puel flalbou











13.5 60 40.5 401 1,0'b 1760


.. 49
.... NU .
10 75
..... 30 I
.. .. TO .... Ti ..
. ... ... ... 25 .... 71
I 12 ,. .. 22 100
.. .... 10 .... 26 .
... I 51 32
20 21 83 24


Crato-
bl. Newl
Cristo- Marga- Onlun
Inst rita
Colon
liench
Location







Total number to be rapinced June
30, 1926.......... .. ...... 347 TC. 14b 23

Repines-ntents
IN.'" .... .. ... I 49
1928............. 50
1929...... .... **5
1930... 16 ... ... .... ..
1941 ..... 1 .. . .. ... .
191.' .. .. .. .. ... ..... 46 ... ... .. . ... ..
1933...... ...... ...... ..... 10 100 .
1944 . 1 15
1935 .MI 32
11130...... ... ...... . .. 37 .
19.17 ..
1958. . ..
1939...... ...... .... .... ... 16 .... .. 22 .
1940.... 12 ...
1941. 12 ...

Total replacements to end of 19-11/?VI 116 I 158 .12


7 3 1 2


.
7 3 12


I


Romaining to be repinced afrrr |
1941........... ....... 19 100 248 .... ..... ..... ..... ... 4 8 172 297 235 456


5 Redural from 831 to ?60 by chief Anartermed. r. July 15. 1937. due to less demand for bachelor quarters.
2 Quarters built at .11are.arita will replw=* quarters at Unstabal.
*Garnn rrphernient of chi quarters has hern necomphshed. The additional 8 apartments over the
number lated in 1920 are used for increased personnel on account of 40-hour week ansi antressed activities.
Includes e-Islitionni hachelor quarters required at Onton on account of increase in locks force because
of 40-hour week.
Quarters builr at Garnhan will replace quarters at Pedro lthenel and in other districts.


010R TRANSPORTATION


The Motor Transpwintion Division is charged with the operation

and maintenance of all motor and unirml transportation furnished

the departnwnts uml divisions of the Punnmn Canal and Panama

Railro:ul Co. The centrnlization of all transportation facilities in

this division and the requirement that it operate on a self-sustaining

basis have been primarily for the purpose of supplying nectial trans-

partntion at a niinimum east to the Panarna Canal anti Panama


..
52 .... ..... .... 52 ..
29 51 16
16 .. I 21 &4 49 64
I Ill 88 100 16

5 131 36 | IS Pr6 104 Br.3 341


hall applientions on file at t.1w erul of the year. Subsequent funds

then will he used to improve the less desirable quarters by converting

12-family buiblings to 8-farnily buiblings, and to resume the original

YOp H.CPill *Ill pl"OffHIH.
T 10 0 OWilly 18 dU S IOWS ( 10 Hillllber Of HpRFlillelliS FOY ADIPfle&D

OTrip overs' quarters Wilril were to be repineral as of ,Tairse 30, 1926, the

replacements by years up through 1941,nrul thehnhiner of tlw original

prograllll feind lillit? 10 IP TUp 800( 11 (.UP 1 10 nSt-8 JOHP 194 1






REPOR OF OVERNR OFTH~E PNMAA


Railroad Co. Revenues during the past year totaled $1,382,965
and the expenses $1,367,707, which left a net revenue of $15,258.
Much heavy hauling in connection with building and highway
construction projects was performed during t-he year.
During the year 226 cars and trucks were purchased, and 32 cars
and trucks were retired. At the close of the fiscal year 683 cars and
trucks, 13 trailers and 6 motorcycles were on hand.

PANAMA CANAL PRESS

The operations of the Panama Canal press were continued under
the same policy as heretofore. The printing plant carries stocks of
materids, and prints such forms, stationery, etc., as are required on
the Isthmus in connection with t-he operation of the Pana.ma Canal
and Panama Railroad. The following is a summary of the operation
of this plant during the past 2 years:

Fiscal Fiscal
year 1941 year 1940
Gross revenues. . $388, 603 $300, 180
Total output expense (including supplies not processed in the printing plant).... 378, 005 275, 647
Net revenue _ . 10, 598 24, 533
Inventory on hand, June 30 . . . 114, 737 104, 885

REVENUES DERIVED ROM THE ENTAL OF LANDS IN THE CANAL
ZONE

Rentals on.building sites and oil-tank sites in the Canal Zone
totaled $47,828 for the year, as compared with revenues of $45,438
for the fiscal year 1940. Rentals of agricultural land in the Canal
Zone totaled $9,721, as compared with $10,482 for the preceding year.
At the close of the fiscal year 9251icenses were in effect, covering 1,794
hectares of nericultural land within the Canal Zone. This is a reduc-
tion of 75 in the number of licenses under the previous fiscal year and a
reduetlon in the area held under licenses of 196 heetores. This re-
duction is. largely the result of the policy adopted in May 1935, pro-
viding that as a health measure no more licenses for agricultural land
would be issued and that holdings under'licenses previously grated
cannot be sold or transferred.

BUSINESS OPERATIONS UNDER THE PANAlVIA RAILROAD CO.

The Panumn Railrond Co. was incorporated in 1849 under the laws
of the State of New York for the purpose of constructing and operating
a railroad across the Isthmus. When the concession, rights, and
property of the New French Canal Company were purchased in 1904,
the stock of the Panama Railroad Co. beense the property of the






REPORT OFGVR ROFTEP AIICA L


Illied Will" stWITIIllit*Ill. 1100 1 It* tit*f I]ISliloll O d10 Call Com )J
1 10 1114'( Millit*S, ](8 Olifportill" AfflillS ills let*II prese*T1'ti illld I 10
fit rail 1715 foldlillit*d its bills flatil IIS 8 COUtilitall I'HPflof.
1 II* il*Cillflilig ($ t'lillid I'OII.M(flifilall Hill 4, IV (*.\q*(11llVO tifJOF
0 II' FO JPill 0 it IIlle*( htilli'S. ( IP P thrillia Rald['tall CO. WRS
lliatie Ill 1 Illit"I (0 10 Ptill IIIII allial 8 ofit*I'Hill II.s III'0 Super-
1IN* V it (Ulft) 0 lfl's (OP- Illit litalillip' I dOf 4 10 ( It'(I1011 Of O10
ti'refor to \ III'. 1 II' 0 i*I'id Irills ti 10 fit I'0 I lily I*Illelli
10 a 0 le* Illid 10 I\f id% IIM'll (sF 0 (lill'( FI'< (II's to
Pi- 1 10 (rOVOffitif 10 Fallialilift :IllJ ILS fi* It rld 1 IP P IllulllR
III hills n, 77111 11* CIA r*I'llo of 010 illifilli I 11111 11 IP 11( -
IllIIII lil lYP It-tid to IP Pillutill i 11 flint O. )I' ll II*(* lil fl-
Slifet ( Olilf)h'(P ('OilfdIIInf lull 0 10 ur t il lile.** C(IIII 11(* 1*< 11 11* WO
OffillllZ:1 IDIIS.
IP :14-flYIlle'. th 1 II' 1:Iirm14 fusilip;IllV ITCP <"tA Pri*d Ill d it III
MS 111111:1 ICpuff, till V It" Ill:j *Illlin's O Oper:lflull :1 1 li ft MIC
It IIllid it IllifilSil':Iting app no re- Ill 0IP-\SOffitill.
11 fl( ddistil (O (110 0 I*filllan 0 fill' (FUlls-1 111114111 VI ft (110
Ill lin' < I'llia'Yjiflii'S COildIloth )Y 10 Ptillfilll:I :11 rulid ( 0. 1110 III 0
10 10 (IH Illy. Ot" Illid11( 1111 I pentillit" )CIH t*(*II t*W of 4 illl(
10 181 111111--*, OII* 00( II/, 1111 tith 111 >(alf I "P :Ills fl"till for 0 filffo (Of
5 OppillE Illieft'Sis ill 0II' infillHill ])009 1 10 Ope'lliflOII O H)Its (*RI P
WHPelinl141* re-fill life 811( II > g:tfill IT) dIt" SIJJ)(1 V of (alas ri(5( IIlly, NIId of 100 054011( 0 <*(tillIllOdlit*S
(O 1150 PI'llillPilfill ilga lit'les, Pill@Dyers, illitl filell" (01111 10s; the Opefu-
11011 Of evalillit*' plairlia, lustrb-, at 41:1lry :1114 8 lillliatify.
(I 110*44 (1 )M'tillollS 011 the intilllills, Palffled 011 lay tilt" F:Intillial
INilronel Co., yielded 110( operating income of .92,ti4.1,t'73 for the liscal
Y(*HP 1941, its (*IIlliptared with 82,4tirn73 for the previous fiscal pur,
an increase of $148,000.

TR \N.-\- TilMLIN R All.HO.\D

1 IP f ill roll( 1111* Operates 110(HPill CO Oil St dIt" I alilf lP (00111111115
and Punninn City at 111, Poeific tenninus. In othlition to these cities
li SITYVS ll IlUtid)Y 80tlViles Of 010 ?8881118 Calll2d. FORS ferPIlUPS
front the operations of the railronel proper (not including subsidiary
hilsine a activities ) Revenue freight totaled 1,(173,7til tons, as compared nith 000,877
(ons aml 50 freight ears writructed for in 1940 were received alul pInced in
service humile the increased volume of business, a further order, including 6
(ICOillatin*S tills bi frey if fillis, #"11.1 @1100( a lifilip 1941.















S1941 1940 1939


364, 586 258, 599 209, 481
195, 069 114, 504 106, 134


Average miles operated, Colon to Panama. .. ..... ... .
Gross operating revenue... ....... _ ... ....... ..
Number of passengers carried:
First-elass ....... _.. . ..... ... ..
Second-class _... __ . ... ... ............... .
Total. .. ..... .. .. ...... ..... .. . .
Revenue per passenger-train-mile .. _ .. ..... .
Revenue per freight-train-mile. .. .. .. . .
Paw-nee-r-train mileage_ . . ... . .
Freight-train mileage .. . . .
Work-train mileage. _ . . ... . -
Total train mileage ... ... . ....... .. .
Switch locomotive miles .... .. . .. .


RECEIVING AND FORWARDING AGENCY

This division handles the dock and harbor activities of the Panama
Railroad Co. at the two terminals of the Canal. The following
statistics summarize operations for the past 3 years:


1941 1940 1939

Total revenue. .... ... .. . ..... $2, 999, 118 $2, 508, 749 $1, 936, 016
Tons Tons Tons
Cargo handled and transferred. ... . . ... ... 2, 390, 618 2, 062, 020 1, 580, 859
Cargo steVedored....... ...... . .... .. .... .~. ..... 1, 135, 280 797, 356 615, 530
Total.. ....... ......... ......- -- -- - ....... ...... 3, 525, 898 2, 859, 376 2, 196, 389

Cargo ships handled.. ............. 3, 720 4, 187 4, 898
Banana schooners handled. --.......... 1, 211 1, 273 1, 211
Agency service furnished vessels ................................... 83 85 89



COALING PLANTS

Gross revenues from coal sales during the past fiscal year amounted
to $782,412, as compared with $928,024 in 1940. Sales of coal for
the fiscal year 1941, were considerably lower than in the previous
fiscal year because of the fewer coal-burning vessels calling at the
Canal. The following statistics summarize the operations of the
coaling plants at Cristobal and Balboa for the past 3 fiscal years:


REPRT F GVEROROF TEPNM AA


Statistics co~vcering the various features of railroad operations during


47. 61
$2, 165, 938

152, 909
294,083
446, 992
$4. 41
$14. 65
149,644
104, 751
4, 204


47. 61
$3, 156, 782

232, 005
433,357
665, 362
$5. 68
$11. 68
132,677
228, 775
3, 134


47. 61
$1, 601, 804

159, 911
207,348
367, 259
$4. 08
$12. 08
132,324
71. 114
6.043





REPORZTOFOVR ROFTEP AM A L


TELEPHONES AND TELEGRAPHS

The gross revenue from the operation of telephones, electric elocks,
and electric printing telegraph machines was $272,199.
During the year, 1,997 telephones were installed and 1,236 were
discontinued or removed, resulting in a not increase of 761 for the year.
At the end of the fiscal venr there were an electric elocks and 28 auto-
matic printing telegraph typowriters in service. Local and long dis-
181100 1.0 Op 1000 CH R DLild Ot ( Ifolly 1 10 RHiOillH60 PXdIRDROS
averaged 131,069 calls per day in 1941 us compared with 78,233 calls
per day in 1940. This was a Unily average of about 30 enlis per
telephone.
TIE.1L ESTATE Orea.moss

Real estate operations of the Panama Railrond Co. cover property
owned by the company in the cities of Colon and Panama and buildings
erected by the company in the Canal Zone. At the close of the fiscal
year, 1,600 leases and 14 licenses were in effect covering the use of the
Panama Railroad Co. properties in the cities of Panama and Colon.
During the year rebuilding by lessees continued in the area of Colon
destroyed by fire on April 13, 1940, although construction has been
hampered by the shortnge of labor and material.

Comuss.Lar Division

The primary function of the commissary division of the Panama
Railroad Co., is to maintain adequate stocks of food, clothing and
household supplies to meet the needs of United States Government
personnel and the various United States Government departments on
the Isthmus. In carrying out this function the division operates retail
stores in each of the Canal Zone towns, and also central wholesale and
cold storage plants. Sales are restricted to agencies and personnel of
the United States Government, except that ice, cold storage, food,
and other essentials may be purchased by commercial steamships
transition the Canal or calling at its terminal ports.
Net sales for the year totaled $19,755,188, as compared with
$12,291,268 for the previous fiscal year. The value of merchandise on
hand June so, 1941, was $2,078,106, as compared with $1,663,740 at
the close of the fiscal year 1940. The ratio of sales to inventory
indicates a theoretical stock turn-over of approximately one every















1941 1940 1939

U. S Goernent(Arm an Nay) ..... .. .. .......... 5, 80,257$2, 890, 768 $1, 450, 032
The anam Caal.... .... ...... ...... 2, 269, 830 1, 222, 434 839, 953
ThePan ma ailoadCo ........ _.... _. ..... 473, 511 358, 217 262, 395
Indviuas ndcom anes ... ............ ..... ... 692, 302 351, 361 353, 048
Com ercal his .. ..... .. ........ .... ... ... 361, 276 297, 478 307, 342
E mpoyes .. ...... _._ ... _ . _ ... ... 11, 775, 824 8, 024, 283 6, 221, 731
Gros saes . .......... .... .. .. 21, 053, 000 13, 144, 541 9, 434, 501
Les dscunscre it, tc.__ ...... .. ........ ... 1, 297, 812 853, 275 537, 184
Netsals. ...... ......... ...... ........ 19, 755, 188 12, 291, 266 8, 807,317









PURCHASES


~I~I~


Groceries. ... .. .. .. .. .. .... .. _ _.. ...
Candy and tobacco..... .. ..... .... ... ......... .
House wares ... .... .. .. .. .. ... .. .. _
Dry goods... .. ... _
Shoes... ........ .... .
Cold storage.... .. .. .
Raw materials.... .. ...
Cattle and hogs... ......... _ ... _ ..
Milk and cream .._ _...... ... _ ..
Dairy products...... ... ........ .. .. ... .. ........
Total..... .... ... ... ........... ... .... ................


$4, 068, 968
619, 563
943, 995
1, 997, 314
624, 453
4, 225, 880
1, 080, 770
370, 457
362, 687
1, 810, 211


$2, 809. 511
441, 293
544, 147
1, 255, 192
372, 400
2, 057, 722
680. 201
281, 234
273, 413
1, 109, 090


$1, 893, 472
357, 943
365, 359
911, 704
248, 127
1, 188, 344
490, 288
220, 202
236, 844
645, 368


16, 104, 298


9, 824, 203


6, 557, 651


HOTELS

The Hotels Tivoli and Washington were operated by the Panama
Railroad Co. without change of policy. These hotels are an essential

adjunct of the Canal, providing suitable accommodations to foreign
visitors, American tourists, visiting Government officials and others.

The gross revenue from hotels was $579,015, as compared with
$395,126 in 1940, and the number of guest days was 92,321, as com-
pared with 67,006 in 1940.

MINm DAIRY

The operations of the Mindi Dairy continued as in the previous

years. Milk production for the year totaled 513,351 gallons, as com-
pared with 445,656 gallons in the preceding year, an increase of
67,695 gallons. Fresh milk was supplied the Army and Navy units.
stationed on the Isthmus in addition to employees and units of the
Canal and Raih-oud organizations.





REPORTOFG ENROFTEP AA AA


F.1N.111.4 0NE

T it* (Di****** 0 )OTHillip YOventlP for 1 10 Skillils111 ) 1110 Ol" ( 10 OSCO
year ended ,Line 31), 1941. unusunted to $4,3M),Illi7.23, anti the gross
opernting expere--es unusumed to 8.ifilliall.4ti, resulthig in a net
profit from operntioris of .$Utilh.an.; U. 'I'he operating profitemnpared
with the fixed unr endeal June 31). 1940, of $114,tl33.3il, shows an
Illffed'**C 111 1 10 110( TOLOlilO Of .9%Nill)2.11
"Of I le O'HE Pile Ps *(11110 .0), li- 0IP in]lIlligU filfflOd )VI 10 SieHill-
sh p line urnounteel to 423,719 tons, as conspurnal with 317,141 (ons
Ill 1 10 (fonstil4 VPilf,
IP >(Patill--bly III0 ("tiffled ffel0If 1111(1 pit.49eligers for 1100011111 Of t 10
FallinIll:1 ( dnill 1111( Of 101' ilry:Irillifills of (110 [111104 $1ttles all Illatenal
TP( tic( 1)]14 Ifuril land falks, W 110 1 alillatilike 10 t 18 IIllparialli sun1
of $1,404.mi2. 11841 regular turiff rates heen received by the steam-
ship line for such freight and passenger services performed for the
Panama ('anal ami alter Goveminent departments, its income woubt
have beers irn-renseal by $1.404,titi2, and its operations for the year
woubl have resultal in a profit of $2.402,317.79.












SECTION IILI


ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENTS

The organization of the Panama Canal on the Isthmus embraces
five principal departments, namely, operation and maintenance, sup-
ply, counting, executive, and health. In uthlition to this, an office of
the Panama Canal is maintained in Washington, D. C. The Panama
Railroad Co., a Government-owned corporation conducting business
enterprises on the Isthmus, is a distinct unit, yet it is closely affiliated
with the Canal organization.

OPLH.1TION AND 111.11NTE.NANCE

The department of operation and maintenance embraces functions
related to the adual use of the Canal as a waterway, including the
dredged channel, locks, dams, aids to navigation, and statistics of
navigation, accessory activities such as shops and drydocks, vessel
inspection, electrial and water supply, sewer systems, roads and
streets, hydrographic observations, surveys and es(imates, and
miscellaneous construction other than the erection of buildings.

Surety

The supply department is charged with the accumulation, storage,
and distribution of materials and supplies for the Pananut Canal and
Railroad; the maintenance and construction of buildings; the assign-
ment of living quarters to employees and care of grounds; the opera-
tion of storehouses, fuel-oil plants, an experiment garden, and a
printing plant; the supplying of motor transportation facilities to the
various departments and divisions of the Canal and Railroad organizu-
tions; and the operation of messes for silver-roll contract Inhor.

ACCOUNTING
The accounting department is responsible for the correct recording
of financial transuetions of the Canal arid Railroad; the administrative
auditing of vouchers covering the receipt and dishursement of funds
preliminary to the final audit by the General Accounting Office; cost
keeping of the Canal and Railroad; the checking of timekeeping; the
43
425124--41----4






ItE~~~~~tiltT~f.~ OF I1L l~ l ) H A .111A A A


prejian-allialls a e**(IIlliths {(if ll Ipitijailaditails stilli tilt* 200011011( Of
El Bjifujifillillill-- lia the bilflaink dI'pilflillelliS Illid ( VISIONS 1111( 10
e*181IIIIIIIIIOil it I'killl'
'. 1 1-. ( I I [ 1 1 .

[e :*1s*Intilve* I' 1:11-1[Illill vill Walt***< 1 at* pilll"I'2d Of 4'(* lilbilleSS O
I II* (viveillair alld 8 III lulltistralille altilkillow IllO*SIOd ly I 10 Execu-
110* or"< s*[' H II IIII I 10 Mill lofit V (1 1 10 t*NP(illive smi-Plairy. Ender illlS
e
dt*(Hi'lillerit aqtilll* 10 adflilbl glastal -171 ICIS cibittill4, S Ojijiulg-flilllllll**Nltiliff WOdi, OStilles, SC 100 8,
jdaggradlillit tilifid COffeginfidoth'I*, line ITI Ord8 Of I 10 OffillllZHilull
of (]le ( ilitiJ 4 It Pairdilli All fail< j)PI'.4011llid ITVfift S Hill all illlllis(FIL-
[Mill, Wage it ilst11111114, Ilklifinflillifl IIIII Ill dICity, fe 21110118 H'll 1
811111111111, Orit 10 Opertillill Of dII II)II t* FI"whilifillllS, Illovilly-
plc 115' 0II' If 010.
1-' \ ITil

It' 1021 01 4 OptifflHI'lit lits jilflSdit'lloll OVol" II Illfillers perflillillly
to unit ation and public health within the Canal Zone mul the rides of
Philidrill allid 0 011, 810 Oper:stion of lieaspitals nital dispensatries, usul
d10 0111(alet'lllent. O ( 11tiftlittlIle regillMiltills.

8.1.1.111.1 .11LitO.\b CO.11P.\NY

le opefullon.4 of (110 Fantillial Halfrom CO. On (110 IMilitills are
related closely to the work of the Canal. As the Governor of the
faulfillin CHilli Is Presulent of the Patrialin:i Reall-mail Co., the Iresids of
a cy:ll-tine*IllS )Oil Of fill* CILIld 80( fintifonal orgainlZadlolls repuff in
IIIII. T 10 gollefill tid [Illf ilsi ftl i lOII Of the corriposit e orgainizar tsort is
CPillifi'4 Ill ( 10 OXPCtilve Olife, 1111( 1110 2141'011111111( WOdi III (110
tit*Collllillip d4-partinent. The Panalian Ratilronel utial the 1)Insiness
divisions of the Canal organization are hillel for their proper share of
11* (011000. OVedit*Itd Work.

CHANGES IN ADMINISTRATIVE PERSONNEL

Appointine*IIts 111 offinall posiballs (Itally the (1800 year 1941 WOFO
as follows:
Brig. (.en. (.|en E. Edgerton, United States Anny, was appointed
overnor (11 1 11* Painalillal CHIlli 011 aU J 11, 1940, Live Brig. Gen.
('Intence 5. Hi Iley, United States Army, relieved from duty with the
Uniturnu Carrid.
Lt. Walter I. Price. I'nital States Navy, was appointed assistant
to the lauririe Userinteralerit on July 1, 1940, vice Lt. Condr. Worth-
ington $. Ilit *F, United Stalit*S Ilvy, relieved ffOill tility will) i. le
Prillairill ( Hil.'d.





REPOT O GOERNO OFTHEPANAIMACAL


Col. Raymond A. Wheeler, United States Army, was appointed
engineer of maintenance on July 11, 1940, vice Brig. Gen. Glen E
Edgerton, United States Army, appointed Governor.
Capt. Stewart A. Manahan, United States Navy, was appointed
marine superintendent, on July 13, 1940, vice Capt. Thomas A. Sym-
ington, United States Navy, relieved from duty with the Panama
Canal.
Mr. Elmer P. Haw was appointed chief, real estate section, on
August 16, 1940.
Capt. Isaac I. Yates, United States Navy, was appointed superin-
tendent of the mechanical division on September 1, 1940, vice Captain
Edmund R. Norton, United States Navy, relieved from duty with the
Panama Canal.
Mr.Edwin E. Abbott was appointed designing engineer, special
engineering division, on January 6, 1941, vice Mr. Edward S. Ran-
dolph, appointed consulting engineer, special engineering division.
Col. James G. Steese, United States Army, was appointed executive
assistant to the engineer of maintenance on February 13, 1941.
Mr. Paul A. Bentz was appointed counsel for the Panama Railroad
Co. on March 1, 1941.
Mr. Ronald S. Hazel was appointed assistant counsel for the Panama
Railroad Co. On March 1, 1941.
Commander Miles P. DuVal, United States Navy, was appointed
Captain of the Port, Balboa, on March 5, 1941, vice Commander
George T. Howard, United States Navy, relieved from duty with the
Panama Canal.
Mr. Cambridge M. Lupfer was designated assistant, executive
secretary on March 13, 1941.
Mr. A. Lyle Prather was appointed general manager, Panama Rail-
road Co., on March 16, 1941, vice Mr. Courtenay T. Lindsay, retired.
Mr. Esbon S. MacSparran was appointed receiving and forwarding
agent, Panama Railroad Co., on March 20, 1941, vice Mr. A. Lyle
Rather, appointed general manager.
Commander Charles E. Coney, United States Navy, was appointed
Captain of the Port, Cristobal, on May 28, 1941, vice Commander
Nicholas Vytlacil, United States Navy, relieved from duty with the
Panama Canal.
Lt. Col. Henry C. Dooling, United States Army, was appointed
assistant chief health officer on June 2, 1941, vice Dr. Dalferes P.
Curry, retired.
Lt. Col. Arthur R. Gaines was appointed superintendent, Colon
Hospital, on June 2, 1941, vice Lieut. Col. Henry Dooling, appointed
assistant chief health officer.






RZEPORT'I OFE GOVERNOROI OF TH PANAMA CANAL


CHANGES IN ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION
Panourn t'anal t hb/,an. Effective October 1, 1940, the organ-
17.Hiltill allill(*H Illowit :IS 10 1100011 0 dLlS Illid p llfgYOlilldS WHS
4 (***Igilided II IIIIIIllit 1:1 d (" ll)) 101]$08. UtilYe to $111110 ( Ilff,
0le dn gl-till it PP(Itall of 1 0 funnel" bureadl (sf 0 II )S IIIld @aggfullnt 9
HIts (ITill---fe-fled 0 0le 0 10 4 4 lYIslall.
An,-;& /:'nyine, ring IN,;.s on. Elfective August 15, 1940, the special
Coll--intellull 4 IVINHill IIIId le SpeClid Pilg RI'Ofilly ( VISIOll WOUP COH-
solidated under tl., title of the sperinI engineering division. The
jiflillipd project it 110( Of li Spreld CHylliceflity t OdOil IS ( le
linjiful PillI'lli till( 011 Offelildli O 010 Painalilill 1111111, known as the
Thint Locks Project.
Subish ne, Section.--Etective May 1, 1941, the subsistence section
of the apply departnwrit was organized to provide for the subsistence
of contruel lahorers. Previous to .11ny 1, 1941, this activity was
Operilled als 8 lilldiall 01 the ?8111111111 Clint CH IOUSCS.
Dr partne-nt r fOpration am/ Maintenance.-Effective July 1, I040,
the designation of the section of office engineer was changed to the
Oline eligineering ( 10 1011,
Apply De parts nt.--Effective December 1, 10-10, the designation
of the constructing division, and the title of the constructing quarternuister was changed
to geneful Supenillentimit.

PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION

The extensive expansinn of activities in the Canal Zone required
Synfin <*Illy lit 18 011 00'rillfillent, both for gold and silver employees
during the year. As of June 30, 1941, there were 15,940 application
for uniployment on the gold roll of the Panama Canal and Railroad
organizations, of which 14,700 were from the United States, 1,002
local civilaus, 13N frozil personnel of Army, Navy and Marine Corps,
11114 OB [Folli CPiliftd fill< 841111 1 IlleflOG, PXdUSIV0 Of EdHRIlltl.
There were also 77ti uppilful Hills for transfer irom elliployees 110 tillly
fogidof of O'llipliftil'f jaillialls Wit it le 28111111111 CHild RIld 306 upplI-
Callioll.s fulf onlyHylill'lli front:Illlully (10 GUIHill onlyOpeeSO 110
Anny, Navy and Marine ('nrps. This made a grand total of 17,034
upplien t ions on file at t he .*0.1 of the lisal year as compared with 13,122
if I II* .malile perim Ill I II* pl't*C(*I 11( JPilf.

EMPLOYEES

Till* Folvi* elliple es! lay the Prin:litial 0811:II:Illi (fle ?:1111111121 Railroad
45. 18 1*0Ill/><**( 0 (HO 0 19505 Willi1 her 0011 CollVelliol)CO Itive 1)Cell
I'91 11:114 d 20 d IIIII dVI*f fill dovers. The tentlS "go 3 ND-
Mye*I*N Hild "-1 100 e*III 0 I*I* nilellitated dlinitu' 1 le ConsiftifilOII































RPROFOEROOFTHE PANAMA CANAL -


othernn u~nsirlled~ orT oltn~lyr se isildwresem lydi h rpc

profes dsional an iia ostosw r ai ngl oitelte

employee ar~i re\ii~ now.. paid in Unt Sttscreny h riia em

conven~ience.iF The term "gold"and "siver" ar applie also t

quartes ,nl ommiosesary, clubhouse..__. an ote ubi ailti6
Thle gold employees-that~. is,~~...~__ thsecRidonheglpyrl
arle, wth ate fews.~~..~. exceptions,_.. cii so h ntd tsadcm rs

Ixecuive n prsuprvs ory.... ~ _~____..._ prfsinlsb rfsioaceial n te
p'osiictions whereso.____ education. ~ __ trinng an pca uliiain r
of altivdes of the..~...~.....~_ Trpcacosdrbenubro ho r a
marne iiians .~. _~~ The _._.. ~ __ force~ ofsle mlyesi o p picplyo







REPRT F GVEROR F 'TTEPANAMIA AL


June 4, 1941

THE I want as 0 41. v=>nlinuest
M.*rbur.:rul .1 e-inn ft??
Bjee r] sl e ll. Iro* T111s" *ll. I I**II
Bug..1) 1.|.arm..10
s et ... . st. f .Int.arlo rin:.mb r 27
it*I'l.Ins.* .In iss--*I Stil
lierr.7 asserbrar..sDr< 44
Ope r:rs.. rar s**sole n 12
I s.= !- 11 [ [ no 40
11..t..r .r r. .sir -11--1. 78
11.*t..r rr '' 1.. rr all..Is 105
I st. Ir. s sti al ]*r. w 14
Star bell < NE
>':0 t* 1 12
1. I al the* I'nourantim al ri,5141
0.0.01.4 0 411 ituall Co


June 5, 1940 increasr Deerease



5bil Ul

15 12
215 Bri
31 13
tl (1
39 I
45 :13
IfH his ...........
14
74 li
12
t,717 1.415


FL th
III 3.".
2.11 9-'.
4 2
14 8 -
8 I .
."41 140
5.2.".\ "'.0112


4..rs.rsl rs.U.a.r
11...11.11- e if orts ardiro*:s***m .
C. r:.I* :-- al. .
It ar'. fanto .,
II. I. I. ..
Rent estate *What
'f or sl. 1- n assa H:Ulr= -n-l
'[ny a f..r.,


1751
I.'s)
30.5
fi
22
9
"'Tr)
?,**#Al


From the above it will be noted that there has been a not increase

of 2,002 in the number of gold employees on the rolls of the Panama
('anI ad the Panama Hailroad Co. This is an increase of 38 per-
rent and, with a few minor exceptions, it may be seen in every unit
in the organization. This increase is a direct result of the great vol-
unne of construction now being carried forward on national-defense

projects. Expansion has been particularly marked in the municipal
engineering division and the special engineering division (Third
Leeks). Large increases also can be noted in other units related to
constructinn, such as the office engineer, dredging division, electrical
division, mechanial division, buibling division, and motor transporta-
tion. Hero use of the general increase in nativity it has likewise been
Ileve--airy to increase file force 1H IllillierOUS Other 11Tlits not nettially
Pilfilfed III <*nlisinichari work such as Use counting departilimit., the
executive unions, the health department, and coniniissaries.

Ithe let'I'l lNG .\ND TERNOVER OF FORCE-GOLD E.11PLOYEES

Th.. following idle shows additions to and separations from the

phi force in the fical year frmn July 1, 1940, to June 30, 1941. Em-
ployments are classified as n nde in the United States or on the
181 Hillis, tills Sigliffilflulls 1100 0 IISSdP( )J 0811$0:








REPRT F GVEROR F TE PNAM CAAL49


Operation Panama

Goldfore an man txiveeu Supply Health Aun-Railroad Total
tenance i Co.

Emploed o reeployd inthe nite

Stats. ... 1, 229 101 146 120 2 145 1, 743

mus ...730 310 263 93 50 101 1, 547

Totl ddtins ... 1, 959 411 409 213 52 246 3, 290

Resgne ... ........ 646 153 164 79 16 93 1, 151

Ag . .. ..... 17 3 6 4 2 2 34
Disbiit 15 6 .._~_ 1 1 5 28
Volntry .7 1 3 1 2 2 16
Did ___ .15 3 4 2 26


ment. .. 23 39 4 35 1 3 105
Cas _.46 6 12 2 _.__ 3 69
Oterresns __ 6 2 2 2 1 1 14

Toalseaaton _ __ 784 213 195 124 25 111 1, 452







,T(I IIEPailtT OF Oth'I*TOUlt UF I'llE PANAMA CANAL


H.\GI 110I T1111.1T**


Is 115;1111:1 :IIIII A<'t )lkil ls (M lill t Hillf itil illHill Of PIllutillfl.

( :Ill:d till ice s*(** 014-( It*D*lilidPl in III IIts III'--tillift" **M't1-d )}

[11111.* 0IJill "J. 11 !('**Ill 0It" RI IIP\' 01 I I ll* I I Hill pills 4)[ 1 10 S IIll(' OF

Ill0:If -i'I'l In* its sel-wills Pinjdliff"d V 011 alivenilllI'lit Ill (filli 11( Hill

lied MI th* / '14 1-])( ft f s"Pri:IIII C :1 1* if j!timillion.. for M Ill" I

I 1-[ 111(**4 itff ):Ill 111 t*(IIII :Ill<*(* H 1 1 II'('#0 )!"ill I Mill ($ 1 ) (-

( 11 1 s*Elm I Util, H.It'i'4 :1114 dBrits ID* QL*d WO lill II' 1111 Ife-

0-< it dII* :111-111:100 gilt ( ( illit ""s*Ill*fr0V Illulf it' 10:11 Illtilll

. 11 1011/1*( .
SILVER EMPLOYEES


le 1111111 W[ ** tal vilift ([VI'(* 011 dit* :-sdB*C ] )VI ** WilllI'lit 4 IIIld

t \l~Usil--, I (1#11 191) flifi'O Ef*jififts flif ,311110 1941 fillJ 11111' 94 ilfG

. IVI'll Ill dis 4 1# III'** (:1 Ildlithall. 1 1080 SlilllIIIllfit** Date!" file* Ilillll-

141' of I'll site (** till illi* 4)('cille ( HyS all Wilifil (110 force reports were

compile-el (the fir-1 Wednessiny of 111, anoutli), ural ure believed to he
illflY ft* )['t****Illitilve for 1110. Ill inille I IVISIGHS

8tP IIIIIll aF Of Milfinfees :11 WOTk Ill:If fil:Illge by several Millaired

H11 1111 II, 1100 0Ille, 2100001111,2 (O Llil"Ultialls Ill (110 tittiltilit] for limirly


Isel :I \( work 0I11 .111I11' -4,


In.*rs*air* lis tra e



2
"".'1 ,

248
1 ..
1,032 ......
I


.ilne 1 11 Illn i :. 1il


III) 1 v.11st 0abal

.\.s...inars.**.1.srIrr'.*n? ..
I tr. -1.**!< *!" -'..11 .
bat Mar la no as o' Insultit u.inu*
I '. 'r .1anwinn
I ad <111aston
1ses-s...g..l h- salon

11. 1. r..l..e'.
1s*.IJIIts**Iej*girloni
I 1..airs.. ..11....
Iturests ad;...-?- . . .
I 1'. I lif uir- and oileterns .
Pan ana emal clubhouses .. .
NI'v.strates'courts
l' st rn so. r . .
P..h.. .11.1 prisons
Schools . .
Ifettith -1. learfIrs.-lit .
Marine .Is\, i..rs .
17..1.arin sldivision .
-- p, nt rs- meeting .111 ss uran
"II|*[*(' 'll j* FIts Fif
a lit., a I gli tfle*FITI'lkfe
Isle1-]**.; .1.= l....rl
I I. Ifl. 1 'ill Iris Hills II T.
F s ri =-. rit ** sr-b*ra
I in t **'1 ld.ril
10.r..r sr r. !- sir ..h..p
11**!..r tr ars-y...rl*tFinal
I' tri irri-s 1' are El ).7. --
-r.,r.)...ie .
-.at. ..r. r...

If ab 1110 P:111:1IllR I

-'\
1 II.'

677
774
5,800

26

0.0.
25
I
1, 202 ,
3
3
39
102
1.304
!\OT ,
1,115
100


3,'CR
.51
?"fl
rail
1417
4.95
1314
.533
422


3
1, IN

-?'9
773
4.708

2"

'i4
22
1
690
3
2
47
131
1,010
506
1,100
147


2.ill'\
illb
if.?
60
Os?
2912
Ia*,
472


12
3
.. .
512
...
1
2
21
294
I
15
13


..
..... ......
..... ......
..... ......
--- -----
... ......
............
............
............
.


..........
963 .. ....
1 o e....
li3 . ....
.. ....
44
103 ....
4
0 .
422

3. V7 I


.


FI, 1,# 9 1.', if 13


ruled inheir. The sunlillairy ShOWS Only (110

1941, :Irul .Tune 5, 10-III.








REPOT OFGOVRNOROF HE PNAM CANL 5



June 4, 1941 June 5, 1940 Increase Decrease


PANAMA RAILROAD CO.

General manager~___~ .~~~~~.~~ ~~- 690 51,5 175 ._......__
Receiving and forwarding agency_ ~. _ _.~-- 2, 088 1, 105 93...
Commissaries...___.. -~.~~ -~-~~-.- - -. 2, 950 1, 852 1, 098 ......--~-
Dairy farm __~~~~~~-~~~~ _~~ ~~.-- .. 126 124 2 ....___-
Hfotels.~_~~~ _~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~ 208 180 19 ...... ..~
Real estate section_~~-.. _~~.~~~~~ ~. .. 3 3 ------ ..~~~~~.~--

Total, Panama Railroad Co ....~ ~~~~~ 6, 065 3, 788 2, 277 .-~~.~~

Total force.~~~~. ~~-~~~. _ ....... 25, 994 18, 891 7, 104 1






ItPU EOFGOERURO TE AN,1A AA


i*rld 3 VI*ILE flinalist 811 folld O. Oil 0II' 1111114. 011dII/ d10 10010 1'OIlf 1941

tjiftivilIllull(* V .$1, IN Walk t*.1ptild(1 of ft"fillifiltholl Of 110( TP 111)1 1-
11000 of 22 fell"Iller HiljdOli'I's, IC("OIll)Hillit*t ly 9 TilPilll>t-rs Of their
8.11111104, ll (Dial of 3 (lel'50115. r 4) dHit*, 11 'ffaild faint Of $35,343 11as
)I'Pil I'lj1s*III 1*< (0? HIt' ft'}) Ilful (til (st 7-1-1 fliftiler I'lly) 01'POS llffolll-
1211111*< by l 3 Tilvill i'I'm 0 11111 V gillity it glitild 0 ll 0 1,417 1114 1-
II 11![ 4. It* tive*Prim* Ot) )( r" pl*I'Sall 100 FOpilifill IOil 1114 1000
30.1111 IIII 10 ilY('I'll.re na if'[ Pill)> 11100, RT4.30.

I'1.411 lil.I.II-.F FOR l)L*lli .Li) I.111'Lt)YI.I:.

.Lpplientions for relief usular Use not of Congress of July 8, 1937,
Wi-fit flu'PikPd dIlfill' Of 1111 IlLITil.r Utile to 2 per 11101) ). The
III'lflIIII1 A'Wit*Ill 04121 le*( Jliflll'.' 4 It" 21110? ji ld (1 10 Stil YOilT
GR. th!" all Illifible CIll.r ( 115 pl"(ifflilli I't*Ill:III 5 lil41 II Willolli
dutil"'I'. A PW IDillOT ft" int*([VP [4*/10allltill'4 IIIVP ('I'll Othij00( ,
IGHI*Vef, 10 Illblife utiletelle-i* 10 0 10 Illient Of 1 IV :If-1 11 11 Sh'Itiest
501141'.
T 11' (10d(* in law' s low' I 10 a put lillill O it lipj I'llflullS [TOTTI

milgling'I'4 Of }> 00171 1 10 Ilifflilull lif I 118 illifthall, 10 "'I'OS< Mild 110( 111110111118 O

II' jill 740-1 itft" 11 1) Ultiml{r (


Il*Pilentle j "In Total


.111.1:. st re- received to June 30, 1941, laulivil A': "74 1.131
appliest 0- *(pres**I for payment .. -t'.e.1 IN 4.33
ly.g.!u ar r: -sp. >1.*1 for various reasons ... 0 1. 15
.10ple *h. *( ) Pr* ensh r* II. 1 was :svier**1. 1 "F. 11 37
t ople :r .ro r. in ** *I for varies reasons II. ? 23
1ppin r .ru in hable- heranse of limitation of the .\ct . ....... 30s ill? 415
.1pplientions not complete but in various stages of progress......... 3 5 8
Total... ................ ... .. ..... .............. .. >.'.7 '"""4 1, 131

\.ar R.*ns.. *.6 from the rolls on account of the *D at11 or subsequent recruplo.vrnent of cash reher re-
cipin-nt.v: 1 ma in Canal. If" Panama Hiniron.1, 30,

Total and overage coats


Number na *1r Ty- on als-
or esses ment per so, mi
case

l'anares I an al rH 37> $17.77 %.715 .50
I'anarna It allr.. roll 10> 17 25 1.8t\3.00
Ts.Inl ... . .. . .. ....... 44? 17 51 8.578.50



8191-110 (Wt*< 011 belittlf Of (110 211111111111 CallIll easil-rellel progralTi
Rfe pills fillll HIllillill it HilllPills flif thtl(- purpose, w-Isile those of the
Punnuin Railroad ('o. constitute a continuation of the former system

of grating ends-relief to tl>, superannuntect employees of that com-





REPOT O GOERNO OFTHEPANAMIACAL


pany and are made from Panama Railroad funds. At the beginning
of the fiscal year 1941 cash-relief payments were being made to 158
former employees of the Panama Railroad Co. Of this number 11
died or were otherwise separated from the roll, leaving a balance of
147 at the end of the fiscal year. These are not included in the statis-
tics above which include only those employees granted cash-relief
under the plan now in effect. The expenditure of the Panama Rail-
road for the payment of cash considerations to both the superannuated
employees and those employees who were awarded cash-relief under
the act of Congress of July 8, 1937, amounts to $41,948 for the fiscal
year.
EXPERI1VIENT GARDENS
The Canal Zone plant introduction gardens and experimental sta-
tion were established in June 1923. The gardens, which include
greenhouses, nurseries, and experimental plantings, embrace approxi-
mately 125 acres of land, and are devoted to the propagation and
cultivation of a wide variety of useful and ornamental plants from
all parts of the world, primarily for the purpose of det.ermining their
adaptability and value under local soil and climatic conditions for
the general propagation on the Ist.hmus.
With a total of 51,501 plants and nursery items distributed, the
volume of business handled was almost twice that of the previous year.
Even though seed and plant exchange with foreign countries was
somewhat hampered by the war, many interesting seed and plant
introductions were received, and an improved system of on ring for
the newly introduced seeds and plants has been initiated.
During the year several promising varieties of citrus and close
citrus relatives were received from the United States Depart.ment of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. This collection includes varieties of
t.angelos which might be expected to yield here. One of the interest-
ing introductions of the year was a package of flint corn seed which
was sent from Habana, Cuba. This is the only introduced variety
of corn tried here in which the corn is completely covered by the
husk. Further selection is being carried on and a limited number
of seeds have been distributed to planters in the Republic of Panama
for trial.
A schedule was set up for the handling of landscape plans for the
United States Army Quartermnster Corps. These plans are so de-
signed to make the best use of plants being grown in the Army nursery.
Originally the experiment gardens were supported by rents from the
agricultural land licenses. However, due to a policy of gradually elim-
insting such licenses in the interest of health and sanitation, the income
from that source has materially decroused, and a smell appropriation
has been made for the partial support of the garden since the fiscal
year 1934. The cost of landscape work done in connection with new






FA REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL

CGIIMFilfilatil Hild VII hire 14 Felliblifsed (Of 10 gilfiellS t, lfough work requests issued for
Stlett work.
CLUBROUSES

11111112 0li* Colmffilfillill it 810 PHillinlIL CllIlid, FOf.'TPtilnful IIIld
Wi- OIPP HI'llVilleS Of Ililld PIllp10pPOS Hi-fe Coll( llied )V 1 10 Y. I. C.
. WINI 010 intilfl d Hippal"I (3 010 Illioll States (lovernment.
r it* t* JWilYdit*S W IPil Cilffled OfWiled into the pentrainent targansizat-
0 sil Were jialred 11114 PF (110 blin*zill Of ("111 )S 1111 (1 II V illullY ( O*fd 0( alfilkilles, Nilt" I Its ill( OffilftPTIS, p lYSICd
1*( 114 ((Mill, IllOiltill plfilifi'S, Et*Millifilliff kfM I 01111(11111$ CILilt Y 31114
CI :IP LikVilkt" I'(O RT 1, 1940, I 10 bilpofVISIOll O ( 10 ) alYRFOillidS
tlCOVI(V W 110 1 121( )M'll Opffilled MS II, SidId VISltill 011( t*F ( il* 0 II IS till(
playgrouna netivity is hirgely concernal with (1.0 phy Wal e IIIId I t* OfplillZrilloll lifillerly known :ss Use bureau of chil>s arial play-
RFimild &:14 0 Millfid 10 0It* Filflillllil :Mill 0 1.1 d1011808. 11( ("ft IIS
Feliff:HilZid iall I 10 PillmIllil Hild 0111 d10(1805 2170 0 lilfECd Wltil the
operation of nil activities formerly operatal by the clubbouse sub-
alivi--ion of the human of clubs and playground These activities
Call Int Of fewhilif811tS, SO( 1 follldRITIS, 110#981:111( 5, fitntly till(1 OlynT
enilliters, 1110YIrig plfiliff 81(Offes, bliIilf( tinal pool rooms, bowling
niley- a nd sw inirning pools, in which the pa t ronnge is rest ricted to
(L=verianient personnel and their families. The clubbouses are self-
91pportilly find 110 ilpproprinthoris are I-oritural for the activities
filffled flifWilft .
113cre Wri'P 110 Ill1pOffillit C 1:lliges III ( 10 priefs Of Ill ( IP prilPrad
0 II dIntlil* InfillilEPIlli'llis pO IflPS dIlfilly 0le- past fisent year. Res-
1:Illfilli ffVOTIll4'S 4 011 ) US lOSt* Of file preceding ymir 60081190 Of file
g(0:11 lill Ill Of TWW 0111@DyePS. TOSS EPYelillP ffOIll Illeff lillit SP 1111(1
perlOdIC:d Sil11'S WNS up 02 percent over the preceding iscal your-,
W 11 Of 111( fell 17.11 htaill file illtWtem IL( Villiced 54 percent.
IIrill?" I 10 list'll JUNT tilffP TIPW go ( 0 (1 ) IOUSPS WPro Opmled all ( 0
new tow na of Dinhlo Heights, Geoli and Margarita Dining room
Unji:It if11-4 are Ltdily ineffilwt's III ft Illilllber Of file 014 0 II ) IOUSCS.
hi'O*F:d Of 1 IP bill I 11128 Ilow usal (O lollSP file 1:100Itles Of til S
OFif:11117,n!lull ill'i- Very O ( WOOd("Il StruffIlfe8 I lil( tit.Ye 11 Tells y Ol] -
al* (1*( ( II'@ (*Prillatillie VI*<. taille 0 1080 OfIginal 1:ld beoll
OfPHI*d Ill faildfillilall OWilS II I It' CIIllid 0110 illld (OWaird 010 00(
O Ole ctill-lfil lltill )Wfind WCre dlSlllfillik( flild COffffled oll ibelf
pro*Ment Allis. ( HilS TPeagrilZet III file illllP (full these latel lileS WOPP
HI I IP 11:111100 0 it (Plilpilfilry tifflieelilfilt, halt they were settishwtory
Hill 0IPlf FP@MCI*Ille'lit WHS Util 214 YOClifet It*CalilSO Of 010 IllOCO IlfgPill.
Ilood8 ta dhe Calll:il. Severall of these old wasotters lianishirgs are now ni





REPORTOFOEROOFTEPNM CAL


badly deteriorated condition and require heavy maintenance expendi-
tures; they are no longer adequate in capacity or condition and they
should be repinced without unnecessary delay.
LEGISLATION
Among the laws enneted by the Congress during the fiscal year 1941
which reinto to or apply in the Canal Zone, or affect the Panama
Canal, and which are of importance or of general interest, are those
hereinafter described.
An act approved July 2, 1940, Public No. 711, 76th Congress,
authorized the setting aside of Barro Colorado Ishnd in Gatun Lake,
to preserve its natural features for scientific study, for providing
facilities for such study, and for other purposes.
An act of July 8, 1940, Public No. 729, 76th Congress, provided for
families, and effects of officers and employees dying in the Canal
Zone or elsewhere abroad.
An act of October 10, 1940, Public No. 839, 76th Congress, provided
for uniformity of allowances for the transportation of household goods
of civilian officers and unployees when transferred from one official
station to another for permanent duty.
An act of October 21, 1940, Public No. 873, 76th Congress, known
as the Sheppard act a.nd effective during the national emergency,
crupolvered the Secretary of War and the Governor to designate
employees of the field services of the War Department and of the
Panama Canal, respectively, within certain specified classifications, to
receive compensa(inn for overtinic employment in excess of 40
hours per week at a. ra te not less than one and one-half times the
regular rate.
A joint resolution of May 28, 1941, Public No. 75, 77th Congress,
extended to the Canal Zone as well as other dependencies and pos-
sessions of the United States the provisions of section 6 of act of
July 2, 1940, Public No. 703, 76th Congress, relative to export con-
trol, and authorized the President in the interest of National defense
to.prohibit or curtail the exportation of military equipment or muni-
tions, or machinery, tools, materials or supplies necessary for the
manufacture, servicing or operation thereof.
An act of June 3, 1941, Public No. 100, 77th Congress, made the
following provisions, effective during the national emergency: (a)
Authorized payment for compensation for employment in excess of 40
hours per week at time and one-half, under the regulations of the
President, to those per annum employees in the field services of the
War Department, the Panama Canal, the Navy Department, and
the Coast Guard, whos:- overtime services are essential to and directly
connected with the expeditious performance of the overtime work






REPRTOF GVRO FTEPNM AA


upon which the employees enumerated in the act of October 21, 1940,
and section 5 (0) of the unt of June 28, 1940, are engaged; and (b)
prox ideal that unplay.-s of the field service of the War Department
1110 [ le PilllMilln ( Him IIIlly, dtH'llip ( 10 VilliT)"Piley, he employed
dilfilip 1 II* illile* (110/ Wall 8 othefHISO he 011 knC8tlon Without depri-
Valitan of then" V.ledillin [MY for I 10 brile SO Worked.
Leisintion relating to the ('nnal Zone, introduced during the fiscal
year 1941 and pending in Congress at the end of the year, includes the
following.
FM A hill (11. 11. .""T) to amend the Canal Zone Curie with respect to
the trial of joint defendants, the removal of fugitives from ju tice, and the
regulat inn of r-rlana:il procedure in the Canal Zone;
Go A hill (II. H .1291 to amend the Canal Zone Code so as to permit
the tiline of mori ans.n--- of personal prola-rl y, rather than their transcript ion
in hooks kept for that purpose, and to amend the Code provision relative
to the inking of vehicles for temporary use or operation so as to vest juris-
diction of first off.-uses in the Magistrates' Courts rather than in the Di.--trict
Court:
(c) A bill (H. R. -119.3> to amend the Canal Zone Code with reference to
the offense of re-t during to the Canal Zone after deportation following
.service of a sentence of imprisonment in the Canal Zone, and the offense of
riding in an improper or unsafe place on labor trains.
Other anneral legis1ntion considered by the Congress during the
year was enrefully reviewed and studied for the purpose of deter-
ruinine its effect on the Canal Zone and the Canal-Hailroad organiza-
tion, and appropriate recommendations were made from time to time
when the circumstances indicated such action.

CAPITAL ALLOTMENTS, FISCAL YEAR 1942

The capital allotment approprintion for the fiscal year 1941 of
$1,400,000 was discussed in detail in the armual report for the fiscal
your 1940. To this appropriation there was added during the year
a supplemental appropriation in the amount of $771,300. Of this
amount, 8240,000 was for the construction of nthlitional quarters for
American employees not dimelly connected with the construction
programs; 83.30,000 was for an additional turbo-generating unit,
Mushlan 1)mn pow er plant, required to meet adequately the demands
for elet ric power in the inunediate future; $131,300 covered the
cost of a mort unry at Gorge Hospital, supplanting an undertaking
estabbalonent which was too small to meet. present needs and at the
snow time releasing synee required for laboratory nativities; and
$:30,000 was ((tr whillisilli at padiall Of CHilitfi tway between
('omy.ni arol Fort ('havion. This new highway section is insulled
at a loontion which is subject to floods during high tides and heavy
failS.






REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PNM AA


The appropriation for 1942 carried $3,333,100 for improvements
and betterments, and for the replacements of worn-out or excessively
deteriorated facilities, as follows:
Additions to Colon Hospital _ _ - - - - - $700, 000
New ferry, and replacement of ferry slips, Balboa-- - - - - - - 700, 000
Quarters for American employees------------- --- ---- ---- 560, 000
Expansion of water system.. _ 441, 100
Section "A," Balboa High School-Junior College (completion) 330, 000
Rebuilding pier No. 13, Cristobal 204, 000
Storage warehouse for steel and ed.k, Balboa 136, 000
Storehouse building, Miraflores locks 130, 000
Improvement of lighthouse depot, Gatun 77, 000
Two motor launches for Marine Division 36, 000
Ward building, Palo Seco 19, 000

Total 3, 333, 100
Additions to Colon Hospital.-This appropriation provides for the
construction of an additional ward building, a clinic building, and
the necessary auxiliary structures such as steam plant and diet
kitchen. The addition of these units represents the start of a 3-year
program of regrouping and enlarging the medical services to provide
sufficient bed capacity to meet the rapidly increasing demand for
hospital facilities on the Atlantic side.
New Ferry, and Replacement of Ferry Slips, Balboa ----The appropria-
tion for this project covers the cost of purchasing a new 50-car ferry
boat to supplement the two present ferries (which have a maximum
capacity of 28 cars each) for the Thatcher ferry service across the
Canal at Balboa, and replacing the present, ferry slips which are in
a deteriorated condition and inadequate for the accommodation of
the new ferry boat. This expansion of ferry facilities, which will
increase the existing facilities by about 60 percent, is made necessary
because of the heavy increase of traffic which has resulted from the
opening of new military areas on the west side of the Canal, construe-
tion activities connected with the Third Locks project, and the
increase in traffic between the capital city of Panama and the interior
of the Republic of Panama. In the fiscal year ended June 30, 1941,
there were 900,352 vehicles transported by this service as compared
with 511,209 in 1940 and 367,306 in 1939.
Quarters for Anurican Employees.-A considerable portion of the
existing dwellings for American employees and their families consist
of frame structures built prior to 1914 in the early days of American
occupation, many of which were transferred from construction camps
to their present. Incations in the permanent, townsites. All of these
frame quarters held over from construction days have become so
deteriorated that they are not only below reasonable standards of
family shelter, but the expenditure for repairs which are king made






REPORT OF GU\'ERNUR OF THE PANAMA CANAL


(ftalit Va'Ilf ha Lt*Ilf III'VPSSilff to CP)J 1 10111 Ill littib 0 IS Afge / Ril
41'tilitilllit" H ILAiP.
1,#part.viesit a Hisf $,#/.\ft10.--1 llS lippl"ty)fillioll H'llS Illtid(' OF 010
000tlillialliall of 0It' t*\palil. litil 0 It" Wilit*f wilyp J S)'SEPIll be UR 8
Mill. 1111--- t*\pun Hall is ill*('t*S.Mail'f to fe it've I le overillXed (11 "idleS
Of 010 II'i****Pitt NY intil H liedI [Wt" [IGH' OlilllIlly All Clipth'd IIlliS.
%II I 0le* nilittilliillet* 0 ll(*#" Villidfild1011 lifilkI l' 0It' 1 FIlly
fills il(V 114 H I' HS IV ()II" Phillillift 111111 114 Plf)IlllSIOil 14 1111
Utillh*a in to lier*P-- 11 Y.
N, Fillia ujijiftijil l:Ill'd tills PC 1 II'* Illill (1401' 4 It' 0051 45 ("allll@C(llip 1 le
con--tinction of Sn-tims ".1," Lilhan Iligh Aboul and .Juranr College.
The total ,-a-t of this buibline Bushman, the work lusving been
blis'd Ill !!1ill W11Pil d10 911111 0 -1730,(till #:1-- Elyprof)Flilift 1050
IIt'W 111 t h* ilfP l"I'I IllfPd t"I'lill I' 0 1 li tifge ]IlffPil"P Ill 90 100
tillnilli'III title 10 till* s*ynill-Mail Of lillibily allic finittil giftil idicall
Ill I he Citibil Za,-.
Ith tilding of Pier No. 1.1, ('rt.vtJul. Furals approprintel for this
item provish. fur the r.-bilibline of Pier No. 13, t'ristchell, which, upon
e-empletion, will he 760 feet hy 24 feet, with n [nundation of wood
pl 1**, it limit I erli (11***?, stild iflick- for Of8110 PPLICV. The OXI-filly
woodVII dOH WHS OfeCled dIII'lil'. 0le full--dI'llfillill ft I 10 0lillie
(PrillllitI alli was II.wil :1 till 011 0716 until the in-ainsler of this facility
(OI IP outlilli plillit. I 10 d11(' ( 18 IIOW Ill ---lift 9000 00114 illoll 0181
It 11:14 bees a-nruleini e-II ns tilisafe fans- in---.*.
Shony, }[arefemist for $1,a/ and ('ablc, Halina.-This structure is
to be sun feet by no feet, with railroad incilities and overhead crune
OF Ira H*E IIIIlldillip Of ill*nVy Illtlieflills. 1110 110W hillithily IS Tatfullvil
for 1111* SIOrope of relilliaffing steel, COile, 1111( Other ilenVy IllHieflills
H illf)1 1110 flfl'lvilip 011 the 14111111115 III hirge (411111111(198 211 (11e present,
01111*. I 10 COllip Pilull Of (110 IleW Sinlettire Will release space in other
haunting, particularly the lumber shed, which is needed for the
SIOftl/P 0 0 100 littlifflil 4.
Stor,/,an.se Building, 3fire.:flores Locks.--The prop, est new huikling
is to fi'jdIIO* 2111 01( (I'llPilll"t" Hillfil WHS 1111 ( Ill 100\ 10 1101190 & Si08Ill
finWer ft unt but W1110il 11114 6001) 11>0(1 Since 192 (Of the Storage Of
' Jilife filiftS, Illid('fill *, Ofjillplllelli 811( blipp 108 DefeskilfV Of 1 le
reju'rittitill still IlittlIlivilitil('0 Of file 100145. rf10 )lilitilly IS IlolV Ill
wh a bu TPpill WOld4 00 ( ilk [11114' I als 8 110# >(II ( Illy. rple HOW Fiftlfilife 18
to be 10.1 feet by 77 feet, with railmnal facilities and a 20-ton crane.
Improsenant to 7.1,;Ithouse 10pot, tamn--This project covers the
con-tratinn of an athlition to the existing II II IVI--Infl di* ital it( Ilitill, itild I'-- 10 (ftikH P FloffigP Spilfo OF 58 VBgO
ge-alf, IIIII pill i IIII( et 111)al111-lit for 10tVIpillonall alitis; 10 Will HISO pro-





REPORTOFOVROOFTEPAM CAL


vide a berth at which to moor the tug Favorite, and covered moorings
and adequate repair facilities for launches operated by the Subdivi-
sion. At the present time, two barges which are very old and in
danger of sinking, are used as floating storehouses, while no deep
water frontage for mooring is now available at the depot. Without
covered or protected berthing space, the launches assigned to this
unit must be moored in the open where they are subject to increased
deterioration from the won ther. In addition, present arrangements
do not provide a satisfactory means for effecting repairs
Two Motor Launches for the Marine Division.-In order properly to
maintain normal standards of efficiency and to insure economical
operations of Canal business, there has been inaugurated a program of
repkeeinent of Marine Division launches as they become obsolete
and deteriora t ed by use. Under this program four of the present
launches will have reached the end of their useful lives in 1942 and
will have to be replaced. Regular replacement reserves are sufficient
to replace only two of the boats; the cost of the other two was covered
by appropriation.
Ward Building, Palo Seco.-This ward building is to be a two-story
frame structure to house inmates of the leper colony at Palo Seco.
The construction of this building is a part of a progressive plan
initiated in 1937 for replacing the worn-out buildings at the leper
colon y.
GENERAL PROGRAlVI
During each of the past several years the Canal administration has
given study to all phases of Canal activities with a view to developing
and carrying forward a well considered building and construction
program, with advance planning extending some 10 years in the
future. These studies have been carried out in order that the more
pressing needs of the Canal project in the way of replacements,
betterment, and enlarged facilities may be provided for under a
carefully considered plan.
The value of adopting and adhering to a definitely planned program
of replacements and bet terments lies in the fact that it not only facili-
tates the submission of comprehensive data regarding future needs
to the Bureau of the Budget, but also appreciable savings in the pur-
chase of motorials, recruiting and employment of personnel frequently
result from coordinating t.he program for replorements and better-
ments wit.h t.he regular activities of the Canal organization.
Lists have been prepared of needed additions and repluminents
over a period of years and approximate estimates have been made of
the costs. Ohinining funds for this work is one of the most important
problems of the Panama Canal. During the construction of the


425124--41-5






REPRT F GVEROR F TEPN AA


111111 lilelfiell*win*, if*Ill)MartifV 1100( (*II SITIU'lllTPS WOTP 0181 tO IOllSP
1 le* 010) 9 11114 I 1 la P parts it? illo folidfileticall pittiti, I 10 PIll@OpePS,
litid IIIIIlly ill1 It" (11 1 le-DidIll 1111( governillMilli billfilolls, Illit 1111111/
a lose* (15111111114*( 10 le' Tim*d Ill 1 10 biterest of H'tillOilip IT littlSilig'
1 li* 4tf it*Thillie fl allit 1111( jit*FS lille H(f or etall'sil"llf illill Wals ('OIIIpitied.
Hel-filice 0 1 IP 1 vilflit'llVp p pets (if I 10 0 stilellis tilld ( IISP("is 11
1 Its replatil, 1 10 t*a*(alisatilit'll 1 0 (If 91144I 8171Wiliffs IS Shrift. T 11' p till
18 in [P)dare 1 lose 5 Ilift- 1100 13111 tillIES sy 111000 (hiriddt* SfflifillTUS,
tills 411 1 le* Millie illlie to IIIt*D'llSP 4 101[ (11pilflip 10 11116t*1 IITgelli1100( S,
its Tripid V 218 0II' TIN*t*SMIT)" flifidS $170 0 liflillm T It" 1171( Phil Ig' IS
St 011f*llsive I Illi Ilittlly Of I II*SP 0 d Sil'llfillTPS REP frequelli sellip
Illulfilfillity Ill ext"t*SSIVC ('OM, till( IIS 11110t*OTIOllllfil 015114 liloll Wli
oftlillille illid )(*('tillli ])TORTIS 1114J HilfsP 111111 lilldS I'llit 50 0 alittlWd
(If 4 10 IlrV044rtfV TP( IIti'llltists. The proleletti of replast-enie nt of sawli
Skilfilife.4 Its ("2111 )@ ( Ofrffed (OT five JONES Wil 1)P pilfflilllV SO VM
hy the saknes*, where prnaicable, of buiblings ornetal in connection
with the Thirst Locks project which is sche 151-1II.
THIRD LOCKS PROJECT

Wouri To BE PERFOItMED-COST -AT'THOHIZ.1TION

1 le 7 11[< (11' 8 (To er*(. prokit Illy (OT 1 le l]lipTIA"t*Illelit 11114
PT) are'I*IIIPTIt Of file Clipalelly Of the 2:11111llial Calliall ill file Interest of
fieftisse* Intel altermTalille (*millllPTCP Rt 8 0091 not to exceed $277,000,000
was unthorized by Act of Coneress (Public No.:4DI, 76th Congress),
approval Allelist 11, 19:Mr. The project involves the design and
ColidflU'ilan Of 8 IleW 80( Of Int*Its all 80818 dishllier* froll1 file (*XISilit?
Os" 1 10 010:11-2111011 Of alppftiatell filllfillelS (O Onli.nect t18 new locks
li 1 1110 <'\151111/ Vilfld, fine file (1(*S@ll 1111(} COllSittletfoll ofappurterialit
11 Of is.

.11 PHNI'UI \TIONS .\fTHORITY TO Exn-st INTo CONTRA<-Ts

7 14 Y:If L*jilfilllI'lit ("In flypTOprlittlhil 11('( Of 1941 (FOOdof
,$17) 11111),(1111) of 1 0 flair( tar 0 pl'O (*Ct illld, 11 Il< < illill, PIliflOWOfs
dit* Clilvillief of 1 10 FinlIIII'ti Chilli W left 21111 IOTIZed )J 1 le Berfe-
hr of \\;If, 10 Piller 11110 Colliffici Wint IO *Lily 1, 194), FOY OF 011
IIrema'1 of1 IV fol'SlflifilOIL Of 4 le pa 001, IO:Ill IIIIUtillli Ilot 111('XCtSS
of .919,(1()0.11(1(1, '] li* Gain flag-, 0) )00-111 )**0 GI, 1940, Ti (41105!< C
$1111 ital II L in 011100 11)!** Cold flint II I fillipit Hills to (1)<' OXit'lli Of
.$.1..$ 7,(Ilif 1, :1114( The I-.*r 111***! Wils :1 >p -oveal l>y the- .Re-a-.-i:Iry ash .:Inil:0-1 4, 9I1. .\ TPtfilest 11 110 tin*Filop till ,TJillllitf{ 20,
]!1-11, Inr millinlity to enter into oblilivitril evidracts to in extent
of R.>II."illIllill Hals lipplailent by 1 10 Sectt'inry of \\ar. *Fillillury 30,
Hot 1.






REPORTOFGVROOFTEANMCNL


The War Department, civil appropriation act for 1942, approved
May 23, 1941, provided $34,932,000 for continued construction of
the Third Locks. In addition, it permits the Governor, when author-
ized by the Secretary of War, to enter into contracts prior to July 1,
1942, to an amount not in excess of $79,000,000. Pursuant thereto,
on June 2, 1941, the Governor requested authority to enter into
contracts to the extent of $79,000,000. The request. was approved
by the Secretary of War on June 13, 1941.

ORGANIZATION-DUTIES-FERSONNEL

Design and construction of the third locks project are assigned to
the special engineering division, which was created August 15, 1940,
by consolidation of the former special construction division and
special engineering division. The division develops designs and con-
ducts investigations and research relative thereto; prepares plans and
specifications for the work; prepares contracts and supervises their
prosecution; and plans for, supervises, and coordinates the work of
all Panama Canal and contract. forces engaged on the third locks
project and appurtenant works.
Recruitment of personnel for the project, previously begun, was
continuous throughout the fiscal year and at the close of t.he year gold
personnel in the special engineering division numbered 536. Three
new towns were developed to provide for Canal and contractors' em-
ployees engaged on the project. The new Pacific side towns are
Diablo Heights, about two miles north of Balboa Heights, and Cocoli,
west of the Canal, and approximately opposite Diablo Heights. On
the Atlantic side, Margarita has been built about two and a half
miles southeast of Cristobal. Native laborers on the Atlantic side
will be housed in a special camp adjacent to the existing town of
Gatun. Special Engineering Division headquarters are at Diablo
Heights. Each of the new towns is complete with a school, club-
house, post office, commissary, fire station, dispensary, recreation
facilities, etc. Quarters for Canal employees and for the limited use
of contractors to facilitate mininencement of operations are con-
structed by the Panonia Canal. Contractors are required to con-
struct quarters for use by the majority of their own employees.

Dr.sla x --PLANs-SPECIFICATIONS

Designs previously begun were vigorously prosecuted and advanced
as new personnel arrived and assumed their duties. Subsurfue,
exploration by means of boring>. t.est pits, and tunnels; hydraulic
laboratory experimental work; and investigations and studies on all
aspects of the lock design were continued. Data previously collected
and information from earlier studies permitted the location of the






HEP~t 0 F ()IlNHrFTEPNM AA


110W (11@s (si al" \Pd illit life illul ifY ( PI TIS fi3Ill 0tift SO 0181, Ill
tilflI, ju'Clifidlibili DI' 01s*Ill:It art n ( 10 (11" v4 91108 ('()ti ( le proj)211'Od.
Tilt* 014'lil li I 11 ''-j 111sit t iall4 1114 it **II Yr all ed Elf)()liffellaint WOT 4,
bill" I II EfildIIIE fail IIdIWill ills lill Will< 2111( P.1fitYalthin of 11111 (10
( Enthiles* Calil:J 1111 Wa*I'q* ( 00* Ope*I st) 1 IIll PliflilHill ( Hilld OffPS
WOIN* it s q*, I':11 V 111 1 II' 1s*IIP, O st Elli Will'( 011 ft stilthalls alild Of IPT
41 1 Illfb-IIIIIII w sil 114 PP CHill Illi 8 IIPW Illial ft 0, 00111 ilflPd Il!? 1-
H HY Jill< DidD HY fla UI* tr\**f 1 0 I'll-IIIIU Irid OfPS 812111*4 I ft pflVille t*FICII 111III" fill, 0 II 0 Ole <*:IN( UpplisaltdI Vlild(ICL
0 11.' blisite WHS It**I"1**( 51' sillI'--Itall forces. .j)(*CIIClitiall Were
aft*]):Ife Of 1 10 bfli gi' II --i ftlet tin* tilli for ( 10 All))PI CIlfl iffe, I 10
enflill*f OI' I'Ull--dille(Itall )Y PNHillial 0:0120 Ilfl"PS illic 10 tilit*C )Y
Colli ffit ,
D il( Illull (O ly< lilli It' fi' **Cin*II, itsts, lilvestl"tillnOS, Jim ***(11( IPS
WCEP II' 011 811( ('Olibillil'd Oil VilflullS iypes Hill 111(18 Of Pgulpinent
2111(1 Illitt-lillie.'ry IDOst Sillith 0 (OT 11.40 18 the ill*W lif ts. )periding
70000( 5 Of {]10 0.11Stilly li*<'& Were t".Utillined RIlli ( Utill mi Dutilorilles
consultal for the purpose of developing the optimum lock design.
01111511 Oil" PIIglilPPCS VISited d14* (ff) 001 011 BllIllPfallS Of'Cal Hills till(
meetings of the couraltants and the third looks designing engineers
war.- heM. A materials testing laboratory was estnhlished at Alirn-
flures to test ('Oilffe(P till( Other Illutel Irels proposal for third Ito-lis rise
mid (O test s:Illiples Of Intliefilli awillfilly 11.40 a special lahoratory was established and a series of tests were herin
to Filrls Were proptifet] (Or it Ilivellullied-t* 00tPICS 12ll)Ora(OfV Whereal
special equipment embl he tested. By the end of the fiscal year, lock
Wil ( lillellSlfilli Were Well-es(81)llSiled, gate illlti IllilfillnefY StualloS
Itle 44111111111((*( Vilflol14 allit*I"Initives, 808 Illost Of (11<* Illajor design
(]ee lulls 100 )(*(11 Illink, thus perinittaig more sle-sian to begin for the actual locks construelion.
Third hwk plans provide for lifts equal in height to that of the
existing 1001,. Ilow ever, the new looks will be n e-ries of single
chambers only, in--tenal of parallel sh>uble chambers, as are the exist-
ing locks. .1-, a n-sult of the Jewign audies it was determinal that the
new Ineks would each he 1,2no feet lone, 140 feet wide, and of a depth
willicient to permit the pn---nee of whip hnx ing a draft of 4.3 feet in
Si'll WHief. rs10 H)ajilvillell gillie Wil Hill it* SylllIlle'lfWill allnOli 1 It"
0 lillifld ("till. 0 hill*, 1,,300 (Op( 11110, tilld IIilfl'thWlilE killll 87)0 1001 Wid.
Of 1 10 ispell 0114 tO lil 001, I 0 00 d1, 81 010 look entrance.
r 10 IleW 1111111 locks w ill he approvinnately 4.000 feet end of the
chl inekw. The m.-r-all h-neth of the illree look clumbers and the
north and south unicle walls n ill he approximately 7,79:1 feet. The
Utif I ItfijifatW1 <"112111111' 10 1 II' flPW (alittill (10 4 Wli (110 110 Oftiltd
just south of Limon liny ami will be approximately 8.100 feet long.





REPOT O GOERNR O TH PAAMACANAIL


The southerly end of the new Gatun locks guide walls will extend
almost to Gatun Lake, and will connect with the lake through a
channel 500 feet long. The new Miraflores locks will be between
3,000 and 4,000 feet south of the existing Miraflores locks, and the
over-all length of the two ch:nnhers and approach guide walls will
be 6,490 feet. The Miraflores south approach channel will connect
with the existing canal about opposite Balboa Harbor, the channel
being 7,250 feet long. A 6,600 foot channel will extend from the
upper end of these new looks through Miraflores Lake, connecting
with the existing channel in the la.ke, and continuing to the lower
end of the new Pedro Miguel lock. This latter lock will be about
1,800 feet southwesterly of the existing Pedro Miguel lock. Its
over-all length, with approach guide walls, will be 5,185 feet and it
will connect with the canal through a 7,900 foot north approach
channel. The total length of the third locks, including the locks
themselves, approach sections, and connecting channels will be
approximately 9.4 miles.
As construction of the new Gatun locks will make an island of the
site of the present town of Gatun and will sever the main line of the
Pa nama Railroad at two points, appurtenant work includes the relo-
ention of the railroad so that the main line will be continuous east
of the new locks site. The road net in the area will also be disrupted
by the new locks, and extensive road and highway relocation is
necessary in connection with the project. Rail and highway con-
nections to Gatun will be maintained during the construction period
by crossing the north land plug separating the "wet" and "dry"
land excavation sites. Later a movable bridge will be erected across
the new locks to provide permanent rail and highway access to
Gatun when the north land plug is removed at the completion of
construction.
Railway and highway access to the west side of the existing canal
and to the new locks sites on the Pacific side will be provided by a
movable bridge constructed across the existing Miraflores locks. As
the land at the western terminus of this bridge will become an island
upon completion of the new Miraflores locks, a second bridge will
eventually be constructed across the new locks to provide continuous
access to the nuxinland west of the end. On the west Canal shore,
the railroad, crossing at Mirnflores, will be extended northward to
the new Pedro Miguel lock site.
Planning for all phases of locks construction and appurtenant work
and preparation of construction schedules were continued t-hroughout
the year for the purpo as of coordinating current, and future work,
and in order to arrange for the procurement, of supplies, nutterids,
and equipment which would permit a continuous and rapid construc-
tion rate. Such planning provides for the furnishing of power and






REPRT F GVEROR F TH A'M AA


001111111111 ("It 10115 to realifftwinf4, d10 IL OralUtill Of IlefPSSaff Working
atft-fts, I 10 dPRI'lillimillill of Silitaille Spol lin*ns, the TO OVRholl of all
litil 1IP< Ill 1 to lieW no 44 ftreal<, the (*II alfgt*Illent Of OXlstilly Canal
filfl 011*>, Hild I If* i'Pinalit ILlld fe m-flilollS O Illittlofolls hililelings,
1110 14 ITP/ ll III t* Erolly fli 1 0[( MVIS.
.\111( les to pus Ib P Wats (*011<* 11( e*d ( Ill aggre"Cade Of t 10 IIPW 100 S UsindflWilOTI S lulllf
millis* 11111111 V frolli IP ffHYP H'dN Ill 1 10 10pfOS In*C II )OVP 11111 BOR
21III li* 7111 IIII*Illed IV I 1111 I'Oill 110 of S q*XPR1IllIOil It( 1 Will OfPS,
W IPro itif 1:P-11 1 WI so felllOYPI . gfggilt, requiretrimits were
dPinfillIrit*I alul illulatibills fair isit 5 (Of I It* (foressilip arts) Daltilrly Of
C ingfew ElvI'l" (Falve 11114 Of 4 10 fril--3IIIIg. processing, strul Islathrig
of Minifinn*4 rm*k war.- prepared trial --anual July In. 1941. Conwrit
replilfHilelli 40 10( 11 09 Wt*PP 4 PYWfilm rtild 10YIlittlolls 10 II S OP
the apply of approximately 6punpon barrels of cornet were issued
June 4. 1941.
CON. TitE( Tit)N

Cenrd.---Execution co--t studies incliental flint it was desirable
to excavate flo- looks sites, the Gutan south approneh channel and
Pedro Miguel north apprunch channel by dry-lund methods, ural that
I le .01711014' Pllifallen )V-pils4 e liallwl (0811111 110ftil 11pprolifil), the
Purific entrance hy-pnse channel (Miraflores south approneh), the
North tipprollell 10 file OW .111Y:1flores lack<, allel the South approneh
to the Pedro Miguel locks shouh1 he excavated by floating equipment.
It WHS ( eterIllined that ( resignig- equipliwrit owrial 1.>.v the Parisinia
Ond woubl be aginented with new plant and that the wet excavation
Of approllell clutillie-1-4, and the subsequent uninval of the land plugs
left in pine, between the wet and dry exenvution sites, would be by
Famillia C.Illill forces. Excavation "in the dry" and major heavy
applidenant work. and looks construction would he by contrnet.
.\pporterlant, work, such as building construction, utility reloention,
inida flying, MP., FOF Whicil Illost 11000ssary p 011t alllti Working OPERIll-
'/.Eliliall WITP it fills / AVillia >lP, WOldI be ( One )J EllfulnlR Calilli FOffoS,
IIS I 10 Yalflull4 4 IVISIOTIS W01'P hilll0HP WI( 1 2104 TPildily and able to
e-arry 011 fills Work III 8 Illanitor Wille 1 Wolid pefIllit its COOrd111111100
with the nin jor it crus, i. e. locks excavation and const auction. Ex-
cavation and locks construction woubl be by separate contracts to
expulite completion of the project. us excavation couh1 hein on the
basis of preliminary design while detailed designs, essential for the
0011 1Filf'llisil Chilifelf't, WPPP 00111111110< COildfllfilOil plans would be
fortly vied illis Chriffilf14 Affalign SO 1 121( OODSkilfilOD COilli 1)Pgin
.IS St a II HS part of the lak-4 sites were manpletely exavated.





REPOR OF OVEROR O THEPANA1MACAL


At the close of the fiscal year, the excavation plant had been aug-
mented by 4 tugs, 8 dump scows, 30 star well drills, 5 rotary drills, and
miscellaneous launches, work boats, etc. A 28-inch suction dredge
was on order, and it was phoned to buy, in addition, 3 tugs, 16 sand
and gravel barges, 75 well drills, and miscellaneous appurtenant plant.
Atlantic Area-Panama. Canal Forces.-The Gatun locks site was
cleared of jungle growth and some of the buildings in the area were
removed by Punnina Canal forces prior to the beginning of contract
excavation operations. Buildings remaining in the area were later
removed by the contractor. Extensive sewer, water and power
lines, highways, and communication facilities were relocated so as to
clear the locks area but to maintain continuous service to the adjacent
areas. The construction by Canal forces of a new stable area, quarter-
master area, motor pool, and consolidated gas station at Fort Davis
was 99 percen1, complete at the end of the fiscal year. Laying of
track on the railroad relocation was begun just prior to the end of the
fiscal year.
Dredging of the channel which will connect the existing canal with
the north end of the new locks was begun by Panuma Canal forces in
October 1940, and on June 30, 1,972,900 cubic yards of material had
been dredged from this new channel. Initial dredging was by suction
dredge, and the spoil was deposited to raise and level near-by low
areas. During June, excavation by dipper dredge was begun and
spoil was taken by barge to Gatun Lake and dumped adjacent to the
railroad fill opposite Stilson's Pond.
Atlantic Area-Contract Work.-Advertisement for bids for the
excavation of new Gatun locks south approach channel and appurte-
nant work was issued on October 4, 1940. Five bids were offered and
when they were opened in Washington, D. C., on December 4, Martin
Wunder1ich Company and Okes Construction Company were the
joint low bidders with a bid of $8,517,100. The work required under
this contract included the excavation of 11,630,000 cubic yards, from
the locks sites, 64,000 cubic yards from the drainage canal, and
290,000 cubic yards of grading for the railroad relocation, plus other
minor items. A contract was entered into with the low bidders, who
actually began excavation of the locks sites on February 19, 1941,
prior to the receipt of the official notice to proceed on February 21,
1941. By the end of the fiscal year, the contractor had excavated a
total of 2,011,000 cubic yards from the locks site, and was proceeding
with other work under the contract.. As of June 20, contractor's
earnings totalled $1,447,252.85 equalling 17 percent of the estimated
contract cost. Contractor's, including subcontractor's, personnel
numbered 279 gold and 176 silver employees. The contractor's






REPOT O GOERNR O TH PAAMACANAL


OXI'llVlkiliall Hil IV Illemis (I 11040 bittit'4 ftild dft/ TWS, ('llffVillg
Srnip*FA IIIII urge 1FTIC \Calkilll*d lilith*Plat 14 11404 in Ill 811(
PLd IHilliernII< ( e*pre III. Ill the VICinl(V rent, O le old4--- 1* 1 II' ("thilif:1filil* Of lb IS (PI 811 Of 100, IllPAS
III Illid lit ). Illit Ill Illfilfl 21, ("flil lis (*Frijd 111-11. ()0 0 21, inflge 01-< pr Ii. I (0 0it t*iall rtlel WILS
Rpproved, pinkle 111 F libill Illull )VI 10 1' sillTaletor (1 011 Lt'flS OVOf
10 ful 11slid Jills 11 IHdy T (wittlfilli T 14* pfIIIIt' ('Oilifm'IOC IllS
Stibrainit:ti-10 H11 1 10 .11s*Fid)PER 300 21112 OTTIpillly bW 010 PTollVIL-
6011 Of 2.11()().1)(11! Villd4 Of Illilli'Pill killli dIP Iloft I Pitt a 1 le looks
site. This excavation is to be by hydenulie dreden, and at the end
Of I 10 fl <"211 Ye*;IP (110 911 trialitf:Islill' illia )l-tallelit. Its I lt* illltil Zone a
22-Irit]I Rdfall le 4 fe"< Ei- Hill #:14 elltalevel Ill Illonne 11 Ove*I':111t to
810 lit*H Ot" 9 Site W life 11 W1 IPEIll excalvativ)II While inalful ill Hil
art dicially conut ruct -.1 pool.
TO Ililprove killid:1(Init ("Of Illfills It Wils follllti flesirable, (to Ill
1 IP I 8081 Vi'tir, to till 1lie illIIll 10<*148 Onlivill stilli1, al ally I110
CPHis r 1110, $.TO feet At (110 0 041' Of file FI'l C, Ilegallu(lans w ofo illltief
W:IV WR 1 1 10 0.14'llVal 1011 t'Olliftifitar 10[ HP 01711"t" 011 of, W 110 1 Wall d
prol l( 0 (Of 5 1111111 1 IP 1)(44-*, 1111(} for Coddill Of 100 Ilfeess8fy IllOfill-
entions of the contract. The locks relocation will move the structure
nearly to the edge of Gatun Lake and will, in effect, include in the
COilifut*( (110 OXPittiloll Of pilot of the north approneh channel.
?(707 0 mind---Prauling imal f rarre.9,--T to .11lf ilf lOI-es and Pedro
IIgilel 100144 SitPS Were cleared Of filllgle growth by Punanist Canal
Offes. It Of, )OH'('f, allld CGIHilllllliffillulls Illes WOff fe Onlift SO
RS to HPilf d10 00 44 ill"I'll. Stalistructure construction for the Mirn-
tires Illoval 0 (14120 :1111) 0851 OppfOild( naduct by Canal forces was
7: percent complete at the end of the year.
Dredging of the channel to connect. the south end of the new
lf:tfloft's lookA W11 I file CHIlill WHS 10/1111 by Canal forces on July 1,
1940, fill(1 OOldhilled Illiefllllitently ( Ifolly lollt file JPilf Using tipper
4 redCI's. I 11* llldfofilli Wils 100( 04 11(O )ilfgt's illli 4 IIIllped tit SCH,
the ornatant eventatal totaling 1,.1.18,000 cubic yards to June 30. At.
le C (140 0 10 ft*:lf pl's pliftilolls lvere 1010/ 11111(10 to begin dredging
in Mirnflows Luke for the north:Ipproach to the new Mirnflorea lacks.
PacGir alrea--f'an/ract Work.-Onlannery 2:1.1941,advertisements
of hiels were listed for the fabriention and oration of the .11irallores
movable bride and east apprunch vi:oluct. Bids were opened in
Wn-hirators. 1). ('., on March 12, 11141. and the low hial submitted
was 81.071.90 hy the Pittsburgh-Des Moines Steel Company. A
contrnet was central into wills the low- bishler, and notice to proceed
n-na inand on April 2, 1941. Assembly of material and erpripment
flild Jdificalloll 0 010 MIpt-fiffliffilfe #"!14 Conflillied )Vt 10 ("OldI'llf(Of
1 Ifnil@Hall(. Ole ffill:1111dof Of $110 four. On June en contractor's





REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF TH;E PAN~AMA CANAL


earnings were $119,775.56, representing 11.1 percent of the estimated
contract price.
Advertisements for bids for the excavation of the new Miraflores
and Pedro Miguel looks sites, Pedro Miguel north approach chan-
nel, and appurtenant works, were issued on February 15, 1941.
When bids were opened in Washington, D. C., on April 17, 1941, the
lowest of the four bids received was $22,436,086, submitted by Panarna
Constructors, Inc. This orgn ni zu (ion is composed of eight different
United States construction firms. Work under this contract included
27,944,000 cubic yards of excavation from the locks sites and north
approach channel, 690,000 cubic yards of excavation and grading for
the railroad and highway, the crushing and stock piling of 2,150,000
cubic yards of rock for subsequent use as concrete aggregate, the
construction of a 250-foot concrete highway and railway bridge across
an arm of Miraflores Lake, and other minor related items. A contract
was entered into with the low bidder and notice to proceed was issued
on May 10, 1941. Subsequent, to the signing of the contract, the
contractors began to assemble personnel and equipment in the Canal
Zone preparatory to beginning excavation. At the close of the year
contractor's personnel numbered 63 gold and 62 silver. A large
amount of heavy excavation equipment was being assembled and
erected adjacent to the locks sites, and quarters for employees, shops,
and other utility buildings were under construction.
Summary.-For the locks sites and approach channels, it is esti-
mated that 30,800,000 cubic yards of "dry" excavation and 31,100,000
cubic yards of "wet" excavation, a total of 61,900,000 cubic yards of
excavation, will be required. To the end of the fiscal year, locks and
approach channel excavation totalled 5,541,900 cubic yards, 3,530,000
yards being "wet excavation, and 2,011,000 being "dry" excavation.
S. S. PANAMA REQUISITIONED BY MARITIME COMMISSION

On June 7, 1941, the passenger-enrgo steamship Panama, fingship
of the Government-owned Panama Line, which operates a service
between New York and the Isthmus, was requisitioned by the Mari-
time Commission for use in other Government service. With her two
sister ships, the Ancon and Oristobal, weekly service had been main-
inined in which the 3 vessels operated with capacity loads southbound
for the past year. Since about 80 percent of the cargo coming to the
Isthmus from the Athetic seaboard was enrried by vessels of the
Panama Line, the loss of the Panama enused a serious interruption in
the flow of materink, food, and supplies urgentlynceded for national
defense and, in addition, produced delays in bringing new employees
to the Cand Zone for defense work, as well as regular employees
returning from leave.






OS REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL

T 10 881186till WRS 80 11*t MS 0 PVilvAV US possHale for the present,
wlo-n the Line was able to effect a 6-months' charter of a freighter, the
$. $. Jean, for operation ill this Vitally illiportant service. The elean is
( PSlated for 1 10 killl cargo, but 1here is pretially no space available for the transportation
of refriverated enqu. 11'hile theIran falls somewhat short of equal-
ling the carge enpacity of the Panama. it is hoped the he male 11p by file filliffer Of ailitarial imillage tilitil 811011 time &SB
TTIOTH Milialb V 000 alPellient FO7 1 It" FORGING 0811 0 Obtalfled.













SECTION IV
GOVERNMENT

The civil government of the Canal Zone is conducted as prescribed
in the Panama Canal Act of August 24, 1912, and subsequent acts
and Executive orders made applicable to the Canal Zone. Whenever
practicable, govermnental functions have been assigned to departments
in the organization established for the operation and maintenance of
the Canal. Complete cooperation a.nd increased efficiency are derived
from such coordination of functions.
Data on the expenses and revenues of various features of the Canal
operation and government are shown in the financial and statistical
statement in section V of this report.

AREA OF THE CANAL ZONE

The total area of the Canal Zonei with areas segregated for various
purposes, is shown herewith, as of June 30, 1941:
Square miles
Landareaofthe Canal Zone _. 362.01
Water area of the Canal Zone (inclusive of Madden Lake to 260-foot
contour) _ 190. 94

Total area of the Canal Zone 552. 95

Land areas-military and naval re ervations ( inclusive of revocable-
license area)
Military reservations. - - - - - 74. 76
Naval reservations 8. 72
Laud areas, Canal Zone town sites and areas in active use (exclusive of
of Army and Navy posts) .. 14. 18
Barro Colorado Island 5. 71
Forest preserve ----------- 5. 47
Swamps ------------ 16. 50
Cattle pastures ------ ------ 41. 80
Commercial leases .. 48
Usable land 194. 39

Total land area as above .. 362. 01

POPULATION

A house-to-house canvass of the civil population of the Canal
Zone, including employees of the Army and Navy, and members of
families of Army and Navy personnel, but oinittlip the commissioned,
1 Not inclusive ofnoncontiguous areas. with the owept ion of Paitilla Point Military Reservation.
69






7() REPORT OF GOVER.10H UF THE PANAMA CANAL

Wilffillit, IIIII 011 1-abs it*f artile WIN Illudt' ) 10 j)O let' Offe t Utilly
0]I* Ills)Il@1 0 3IIIIP 9 14 ti atWHig IS ll MI trillithi]\' O 10 EPSil .S
O ](' (".'llikit 1


\nu ric sus .\ll others
fatal
11.-,, 11.. reers I habire-r: \h II 10 arrows (inletr.'rs

liall.. s .hstreet 4. IN .. HI .'.115.' '. 10 .'.h.'I *I.ipIIII ***ta****
I rea..F..1 1. 'ro-( 1 ...s. 1 .11 I inal I F.." .', "..ii. t.'.*M ]%. U.*,i
ITA...rs.*r, is 1.5 .4 155
i ni 51 itshahttants ** ."I'- "'7 1."*-- li .,*.1 ."., 0.11 ', UM I tl. Ital


f ile* (0 it 0 ..Life rejal"i-I'lli4 alli (11(1991.40 is 1.3,.4(:.\, of 411 (f -ff olit,
til t*ulnf ilifl. til HI I li' 1111111 100 D*(Maf(Pd Ill ( IP 101150-10- IntlSP I'llillilSS
O J11110 1. Colrip 010 1 II--Its Of the ( illial 0110 W IS 1:Ikell flS Of
]-II JO-$() al--- part of 111. lituenth <1 -emineral census of the Elliteel
Ill(**. 11100 I lis 0011--11- ( Ill 1100 seelegatil* OW1 till(1 Illilliary ptlpll-
thall, Ill) ( IIi-('( CollipalflSOll till] be illtid** W101 1 li' fillivil'-'"A O 0IP 010
floptibituall lake* I Ill* (Ille 1941.

PUBLIC HEALTH

rh(*fid 1011 it (1)11d011sili III ( 10 0711111 Za.- mul in the two to-rminal
f ill**** Of P Illif f il:I illH CO 011 Ill d10 ("))ll a II' Of ?:11121111:1 ("IMillllllPil
SidIkilotor (famligliallt (110 year. There were 110 epillentles Of
eqalillIllillf:di n (0--:11-1 .
10 111('(* I *C Ill 1 10 per.MFlill@ O d10 PHillillial Clind 111104 8tilit'S
ArillV alul avy, my contratetters With (110 GoverrilllPitt IIlls Paulsell
R *L<*FP StfHill ly) li. j)11:11--. A 100-in-el unite.\ all Germans IIn- pital has lawn alw-rical
uruI is now runnine at full onprit7. Aid stations have been eleveloped
810 111111111111110( Ill 88 the 811114 W lef'P 0114'llsive call.MI'llellull 15 III
prer. ---. .1 fully equipped dispenancy has h.-en established in the
third luck< town of Cocali.

VITAL STATISTICS

T 14 Illofbit if illH Hinflillli Talil's FOill I 191509 Hill lijIlfles alild
other vital statistics relating to the populations of the Coal Zone
allid 1 10 011108 O P:Ill:Irilli allu Cularl are SW FOffil Ill detai Ill 1 IP
**II Pile II' four report of the licalltli al*'l>awintent, wletell is litalillslical
111111110 V Ill hint Pt (OTIll. 200 I IIS liilson, IllOSt. Of t he (tiles alre
011111 st knill I II TPPOft, 1111( 1 )Ps atti J)Ofidlillite to Utill SillilwileS
:III* lillit"d 10 It IVief ft **illlit' Of 4 Pittil fitted, all"( 1 ftl(OS, 1111( Ill Hill
IIInd:I 11 V PHIPS.









Ge neral Death Rate.---For the Canal Zone in the calendar year 1940
the death rate from all classes remained at about the same level as in
the preceding year. There has been but little change in the general
birth rate since 1934, when it dropped below 7 per 1,000 for the first
time. The death rate is art ificially low because employees genernIly
leave the Isthmus after retirement, and because the population
includes a large number of relatively young soldiers. For Panama
City the rate has shown a gradual decline for the past 5 years averag-
ing 12.79 for the above period. Colon, which prior to 1939 con-
sistently had a slightly higher death rate, has shown a decisive decline
in the past 2 years. The death rate in Colon for the past 5 years
averaged 13.55 per 1,000 population. Below are shown death rates
by yearly periods for the past 5 years:

Death rates per 1,000 population-all causes

Calendar Year

1940 1939 1938 1937 1936

Canal Zone........ .................... ... ...... 6. 43 6. 32 5. 79 6. 24 5. 62
Panama City....... ....... .... ...... .......... 11.50 11.93 12.36 13.72 14.44
Colon............ .... .... . _. _. 11.04 11.57 16.03 14.53 14.60


Birth Rate ---In the Canal Zone the birth rate per 1,000 population
is low, as the white population includes a large manher of enlisted men
in the Army. Also the colored popular t lon includes a high proportion
of employees in the older age group, as only colored employees with
more than the average length of service are able to secure assignment
to quarters in the Canal Zone. However, the birth rn to in the Canal
Zone for the calendar year 1940 was the highest in the past 5 years.
The following table shows the birth rates in the Canal Zone and in
the terminal cities of Punnian and Colon for the past. 5 years:

Live birth rate per 1,000 population

Calendar Year

1940 1939 1938 1937 1936

Canal Zone-
White ........... ...... ........... ........ 8.99 7.51 7.96 7.18 6.25
Colored............... ........ ........ 19.24 14.90 14.48 15.88 16.03
Combined.........---.... .................... 12.56 10.76 10.94 11.20 10.91
Panama Civy................ ...................... 28.09 28.34 34,64 33.73 35.46
Colon_-----........................................ 25.41 25.02 30.46 31.83 31.50


REPOT O GOERNR O TH PAAMACANAL(






















Can sI Zune:
11 rurr
t alon-d. . .
Unrnhilical ....
Panatus 4 'It y....


I
Pain ]:rlia 1:ilk IRIT I 19311


40 31 5 12 35
.................... **9 58 87 63
.y, we 3"" 1.> I ^
"I 9-'* 9-4


Principal ('an.ve af Death.-The eight principal causes of death in
each of the groups of population were as follows:
Number of deaths and annual rate per 1,000 population, calendar tear 1940

5 La 1 Zone P trians a City Colon
("size obleath
Winter la Pr .1umber R e or Number


Disease.ud the urlerit., 19 I 0 Th .1 U.49 39 0 .%4
tire sun ell-**.s-s*N =ff in* he.arl .0 -sh a 37 .hi
C'thl"I F =*( l arlisU2. UIL'.til. N 0 1.2 I'" 9,9
Pneunionin 19 15 1 12 1 IT 45 I 97
J uberculusia... 15 I .*9 231 I 2.0.* 4.1 1..12
.1popkly 10 .20 53 .47 33 .71
- **Idirals(acuteandchronic).. ... . .. 10 .'N) 75 -86 I IN *SS
Diarrhes and enteritis 3 . In 89 .61 I 22 .48


REPORT OF" GOV'ERNcOR OIF THE PNM AA


IAnth Rates Among ('hildren I'nder 1 Yror qf Age.-The following
table shows the infant, mortality rates per 1,000 live births for the

past 5 years:
?fI 18 f@ Of flFil.4 JafidtT / ly'tIT of fl jV (ff ,.11 1\'# bl## 1.9

C.sirl dar Year


MALARIA


The malarial rate among the employees of the Panama Canal and
the Punarun Railroad Co. showed a slight increase over the rate in the

preceding year. Indle the cycles of rise and fall in the malarial rate
do not happen to follow each other within fixed and predictable spans

of years, it does scent that there are factors, other than those instituted
by man, the unture and extent of which we do not know, that markedly
influence the rates from year to year, or over longer perials. One
native employee died of malaria in November 1940. In the past. 8

years no other report of the death of an employee from that disease
has been received and there have been only 7 deaths frmn malaria

among employees in the past to years.
The rates for malaria ninong employees only, for the past 10 years,
are hown helmi-:


R t' 011 e*IllithT 10:[ RRIS

10 1* Ts. .......... 12
It lot** ....... 12
'7 194** . ..... 10
Is. l**N ... ... 14
1 Poin ........ 17


( :Ill ll* 17 le**t?








HOSPITALS

The number of patient-days in Panama Canal hospitals for the past
3 fiscal years has been as follows:

1941 1940 1939

Gorgas Hospital.........-------------------------------- ............. 299,815 211,113 162,172
Corozal Hospital:
Insane...... -----------------------------.......................... 84,796 78,139 72,169
Cripples and chronic medical and surgical cases... .......... 33, 326 35, 581 38, 059
Colon Hospital. -----................ .... .. ... 42,647 33,543 30,508
Palo Secoleper colony ----------.............. ..... 46,103 45,477 43,124
Total..........- - - - - -...... - -................................ 506, 687 403, 853 346, 032


QUARANTINE AND IMMIGRATION

Inspection was made of 5,853 vessels and 1,154 airplanes, as com-
pared with 6,292 vessels and 729 airplanes during the preceding year;
59 vessels availed themselves of the "special demand" night boarding
service, as compared with 149 last year.
Shipping showed a further decline during the year, and is discussed
at length in section I of this report. Airplane activity increased
markedly over the past year. The general disturbance in world condi-
tions might lead to the belief that there would be an increase in the
number of cases of illness brought in by transportation agencies, but
no variation in this respect was noted from previous years and no case
of quarantinable disease was encountered during the year.
Yellow fever continued to be endemic in parts of Africa and South
America, where it occurs mainly as the jungle type. Due to its prox-
imity in South America, this disease remained a menace and, accord-
ingly, careful inspection of all persons arriving by aircraft was
practiced throughout the year. New regulations which call for the
spraying of phones and the taking of temperatures of all arriving
passengers and crews from suspected areas were inaugurated.
Plague continued to be reported from various parts of the world
and, as was the case with yellow fever, cases reported from South
America were of particular concern to the Canal. Fumigation of
ships and cargoes was continued in accordance with requironu-nts
of the regula(ions.
Cholern \\-us reported mainly from China and India. While a
considerable number of ships which had called at ports infected with
the slisonse visited the Canal, distance and the short incubation
period \\-ere important factors of safety. No case occurred on any
vessel visiting the Canal.
Typhus fever was most prevalent in parts of Africa and southeastern
Europe, as well as from the countries of Bolivia, Peru, and Chile in
South America; many cases occurred also in Spain and Germany,


REPORTOFGVROOFHEPNMCAL








REPOT O GOERNO OFTHEPABAMlA NA


Brital [it .1. 11111111 III <*114 ill)](* (Will ILD(
IIIllity Ind is( ( II* H (il' s ( H MS 11 () pro*L II (*[11 Ill I'titillii'It*S Of Mt III 1

AHiti'll it, Ill" li Ipilfille ('<51) 2111 WIlli'1#II III* illit all"("rilli1011 (O

in*\t II( 1 11111( 1 IIt'llull Illist dli' till:II Zone.

Illillip IIII 11 IWill ith****. Ill III < llOil (se [:-**II filitild [(11111110 Jal"Of'I'dIII'CS,

0011ilrilled in e tidlyp p realit*Crilli Widi t 10 jafts a Pill of fi* lige***R (["0111

tillage*, dHitle 1 to IIIll<4I e**** OXlfill 1 ltill :141 ft*III', d10 ft-piliflidloll

( It itfgt" 1111111 ICE O II 1111 **Flijd ('4*8. IIII))l)I'(q*( ((if Wtil 011 1 to dt*(Vilse

Illid Ultil lfilfiloll projefW Oil 10 alilld. I. tL IIllijilf Ltilvil it 10

011II I '"l":(10)T $1111 lurlilPS. 10 Illill M*F O 4 PII'llilOil d Of I 1(' ])2191

(.4(*a L(*ilf t 1111-21--t*( YOill 1 10 11' I Of G. .1 0 Ill II-ar*ti (*ny I9If) pt](

1 te* ),(IMS ( etOilIloll I flys (Of I 011 yellC 1941 W<*0* < 1 li p Illore ( lilll

( illi I' 1 to I PIPillliell flyS for 1 10
(4) OH ilip IR th 111111112try it (DLIMilfilOilS OF 010 lilY.


Fiscal Emeni Fi cal
year 1.-nr n-ar
1941 It III I I.i'I


| .',,<',1 r..2'a2 #..727
I li*". 17* .521

** alls 0.. 121 it

I ." ".Girl 31'..'C' .1.2
4.'.NIT 2.. 4Gil I. "..il
11 4 <.it lia *1. I in :11
2 i t? 1.111'.* "i lilm

lie. #.79 4'@.. I -1 *:."* 916

1. I'.4 ??* Del

** ""I 1.nean I. To
in 7**** 1. ".1, i.141

. 1".. .'0 ** Im? 7.'s..

II II ()
11 11 II
I **.' 1.2 1 1.III.1
211 sire 1."..+?II 9.110
. I 1". I .to
2 U.'s 1. 5 1.10
I us: 1,0.1 .1, S
12 II. 41
III% 1lb 2F.I.
.4 Ilo r..


1.e.*1 my s t..1 'and p*sor**I
VI .si rslatal prollian.- b. r:s*II..

1 r.In!

("ra w ps--ad :It epIsranian,
Cr..w ps....I by r.vi r.
Pu-5. new r- p.s.- *1 at Hilarallu.
[*n-w. r.ee rs p-I<-a -1 bl mail.,

"f ..I-al

Airpl ines inspected and passed ... ..
('re w ..1 -tirphill. imperial and passed
Pa....re:.r-..1.sirpltraninspected allel passad

Total ... .

To 9 is aft htilit" 11. *(11.1? Ilfill,
( FI W ON:1111s'st on l*** Ll*! slji l**F aggygr*IlllIlli
IInntieratinn asses s*Inist *I I.* Intion
Nainthe r al lisiontinn el at
P.r-orn b. It for Iris. -11. II.-n .and rels owed
[*.r--.'I -b l*-rr...1 IIII.I.r trianner*.II..n law
01.]. ...Isr rt train.I:..11..f 1. .1-
\....1 trairal ar..i
Italcan 'rJrIn st..j
Number **f p. It si skinfind" night boardings


MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING


till fly:d WOf4 Clifift Oil I Ilfill 1 10 0:11'1110 11( 0( 1 10 millskilfiloll

flitt Illill!Ib-11:IIIce 0 I'O:IdS. Stro*Pt W. 81( *H liiS, IITIt I It* IllillilWildilCP &[11(

OpffiltlOII O Walter flilt 40#PI' Sydrill illid IIll'-'(' IIIPOUS COrbil'llellori


II *** I ING I. 11101t \TttitY


.1 H0 4'( tiljsfied ladiaratory H11.- Ilittildillnet (OT (110 inallillly OfI'lleril-

.*,s] arid Illfis-lin in.'It'.d uti:1 -es of H:1100, tiIvillical Illial /$OS OF (iffer-

Ill II alls fl:J***. Policl'Pit* tests. (('st for ***0 **( (1011 of Millit IP ilggft.erides






REPORTOFGENOOFTEPNMCAL


for concrete, tests to determine the suitability of different materials
and supplies for Canal uses, t.he issuance of permits for work in the
holds of ships and oil tanks, soil and permeability tests, etc.
During the year the testing laboratory carried on a variety of work,
making a total of 15,308 tests in connection with 10,802 varied sam-
ples. This included 3,245 tests on water and 8,252 on concrete for
various purposes. Other tests were made on building materials, clay,
gas, oils, various metal, etc., while inspections were made of swimming
pools, ships, etc.
WATER SYSTEM

Consumption of water for municipal uses during the past 3 fiscal
years has been as follows:

1941 1940 1939

Gallons Gallows Gallons
Canal Zone...- 4, 696, 732, 000 3, 468, 961, 223 3, 179, 459, 500
City of Panama.. . 2, 133, 841, 000 1, 899, 779, 000 1, 761, 706, 000
City of Colon.------ 970,076,000 892,972,000 811, 639,000
Sales to vessels............ 208, 407, 000 175, 681, 627 177, 628, 840
TotaL..................... .... ............... 8, 009, 056, 000 6, 437, 393, 850 5, 930, 433, 340


The following statement shows the quantity of water pumped at
each of the pumping stations during the year, the average per month,
and the cost of pumping per thousand gallons:

Total gallons Average gal- Average cost
pumped dur- lons per Der 1,000 gal-
ing year month lons for pump-
mg

Gamboa (intake) 3, 130, 040, 000 260, 837, 000 $0. 0152
Miraflores (relay) 939, 389, 000 78, 282, 000 0172
Balboa (relay) . 3, 590, 330, 000 299, 194, 000 0131
Paraiso (intake) 1,896,245,000 1->.020,000 .0759
Paraiso (relay) 126,586,000 10, ".1-4.000 .0374
Miraflores Lake (intake). 11,022,000 919,000 .0083
Mount Hope (intake) 2, 441, 611, 000 203, 468, 000 .0165
Avua Clara (intakel.- 628,622,000 52,385,000 .0477
Monte Lirio (intake) 593, 000 49, 000 1. 6071
Fraul.-- (intaket..... .... ... .......... ....... 4,837,000 403,000 .2723
TotaL .. ... .. .. .... .. ..... 12, 769, 275, 000 1, 064, 100, 000 .....


Omitting the water which was repumped from the total listed above,
8,112,970,000 gallons of raw water, an average of more than 22,227,000
gallons a day, were pumped by the municipal water system during
the past year. All pumps are electrically driven, except those at
Frijoles and Monte Lirio, which are driven by gasoline engines.
The meal maintenance work was performed on the pipe lines, reser-
voirs, filtration plants, and pumping stations during the your. In
addition, regular nuiintenance work was performed on a number of
special projects.
425124---41-6






TC) REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL

Thiring the fisrall year 111-11, a large-settle progrant for PXpanding
allid IIllpl"OVIIIg 1 10 With? MVStelllS 011 1114* Ultilal Zone was Inunched.
I als proffuril, dt*Slpled 10 PX(Mid Over a period of 3 verars, involves
an approximate total expenditure of 8:4,*".75.000. such expenditure to
0 01710 111111100( bV I 10 Pillmiliti CalllId, d10 FIlly, &11( 0le NRVy,
Dire to the great increase ill (110 .\filly allit N8Vy phfflSolls, 8110 to the
U.Tynil-IGII 0 PalliallllII ( allin aleilvilles, 1110 11( Illy 010 dlird locks and
special-defense projects, it bus beers necessary to enlarge the water
Sy***(11II 011 din Piled r Pill n 010 0211111 foll) & Talted capacitV of ap-
proxin utely 1.1..-,00,000 gullons per day, to 2:1,000,000 gallons per day,
and in incren a due output of the water systern on the Athritic side
from its total rated equity of 10,500,000 gallons per day to 14,500,000
gallon per day. This 'i-year program involves the installation
of new pip.- lines, run--truction of new pump stations, revision and
oldOffillelli Of pfrBilli pillup ---tantions and filtration plants, and con-
struction of ushlitional storner furilities for filtered water. At the
close of the lisual year 1941, it was estimated that the work was
approximately 2 months behind schedule, attributable to delay in
the delivery of materials and equipment from the United States.

SEWER SYSTEM

In othlition to the regular maintenance work performed on the
sewer ystein, the following special work was accomplished: Drainage
improvement at the old Corozal Rond; enclosure of an open drainage
ditch on Frangipani Street, Ancon; and the extension of the main
sewer serving Colon and New CristohnI, by extending the disposal
pipe approdinately 1,500 feet into deep water. Plans were made
during the year to divert the sewnge discharged into the bay in the
vicinity of the Washington Hotel into a contal sewer sump and pump
the onllected sewage into one outlet in dee > water.

HOADS, STREETS, AND SIDEWALKS

In othlition to maintenance work performed on roads. streets, and
sialow all, in the Canal Zone, many special projects were enrried out.
Jurine the tour. These included: Relocation of Guillned Highway at
Fort Clayton; pineing of pnvenient on relocation of Bolivar Highway,
Fort Davis; rehnibline of (Willard Highway between Cormal and Fort
C:IVIGII; HII PIIIIIC of mosole ( .\VollUP, II HNI, [(0111 ID81II PIlifalilCP
of .11echanial 1)it i-inn to lan Horn; widening and improving Tivoli
Ofo III'' 810 HypftMidI '-1[0014, A11000( 0011. Ifuff1011 Of 1111 IS-foot
0 Od IIIIlfildHIII fling (Of to lit*W npinj;**C sillIlly), .11011lit IIOpe (to be
conspleted in libl2); con--fractinn of --idewalk from Tivoli crossing,
.\won, to ('ornin Stre.*(. Italban. paralleling Cuillard Highway;
FU)Milifiv' of I fljat Emid IPtWPPII tivail firIIIIIIIIllioll 4 Oput allid FedCO






REPORTOFGVNOOFTEPNM CAL


Miguel; construction of sidewalks from terminal buikling, Balboa, to
Diablo crossing, paralleling Diablo Road; construction of new road to
serve Minflores ferry; construction of turn-around road at Ferry
entrance, Thatcher Highway, west side; and construction of east
section of proposed express highti-ny between Ancon and Balboa.

TOWN-SITE DEVELOPMENT

Due to continued increase in the Canal Zone population, the de-
velopment of areas for buikling sites started during the preced'ulg year
was continued on a greatly expanded scale. The municipal engineer-
ing division work consisted of grading, construction of roads, streets,
and sidewalks, installation of water and sewer systems, and drainage.
The following principal areas and sites were developed: Diablo
Heights, new construction town and headquarters for construction of
the Third Locks; Cocoli gold town site; Cocoli silver town site; and
Margarita gold town site (all new Third Locks towns); municipal work
also was performed at sites of new developments located in Ancon,
Balboa, Gamboa, Pedro Miguel, Gattum, Silver City, Gatun silver
camp and Camp Bierd (silver).

MIRAFLORES BRIDGE PROJECT

Work was started during the year on a bridge over the existing
Miraflores locks, and across the valley of the Rio Grande between the
existing Miraflores locks and the main line of the Panama Railroad.
This bridge is a part of the Third Locks project. Of this bridge project
the mxmicipal engineering division has been charged with the con-
struction of the substructure and the concrete floor slabs on the
approach spans. This work involves the manufacture and driving of
concrete piles, the construction of caps and pedestals for the footings
of all the piers and construction of abutments, for the operators'
houses, pivot piers and rest piers for the two swing spans ofthebridge.
Construction of the piers in the Rio Grande required the use of sheet
steel pile cofferdams. At the end of the fiscal year the east approach
fill and water pipe culvert under the fill had been completed. Twenty
of the 28 piers had been completed, the two pivot pier excavations were
prnetically completed, and converting of the west pivot pier was
complete to elevation -5.6 feet. The entire substructure work was
estimated to be 73 percent completed as of June 30, 1941.

RELOCATION OF BUILDINGS .\ND OTHER FACILITIES AT FORT DAVIS

Considerable work was performed during the year on the removal of
buildings from the New Gatun locks construction area and the re-






HEPRTOFGU R ROFTEP AACA L


111IIlly allid FOPolitilipofStreef4. WalkP Illes, alll( SOWPPS WOTll Ile
50Chall ilwth Va'( T 10 lily('<( of I 10 ()rt) POIS WilS 1 10 TPIllOVil O 4 10
Off fil l, WhddC. lilator pus Illid ( lithdPrillilder alreal (O 11 IleW
(*tt Itall fills jidfitntillit" dle IT( Ilifet graldIlly (st ( IP flPW 5110, pitVilly
IT*( ( slidthily II (Willy) HP 5101711 IIIId WilliftifV SPWOf SydPDI, Fl-
4 til 112 it pilllip radicalcall IIlli Silllly 10[ ( le aliter,

all'1]::-,
t*gil lif latillitellittact* 110f WII.4 J)PI'ltililled 011 1 IP WHIPT 110( SOWPT
(VitPilli atild tilO ***(1-ethis a 11filly 010 (Palf. AlllOlly ( IP IllOff IIllportant
spend pro 04'!< Ill prop'P 9 Ill 1941 WOTO d10 WidPIlllip lin( PPpilYlfly
filP Ollife elly I 01 Tillliffittil Street, Palllfililli I le plarclarise and
Histillittilarl of I tree pairtly art the (1slors sewage pianipang station; and
the installation of sewer lines in the aren in Punanan ('ity known as
Sitin de 11nr 11it---rEf.L.1NEOils PROJi'CTS

.%.so Hill quarry and rock crn.deing plant.-A total of 195,816 eubic
)lift 4 0 00(' WAS UtildIN dIlfill? (110 1Scall yetW RDB Sold 10 the valrlous
departz ents trial divisions of One Painalists Carriall. Painarnal Railroad,
United States .1rmy and Navy, contractors a.nd individuals. The
dPilltills 100 OFil**3let Dat% H'Calille >0 (fe!It ( liflily 1 10 JOilf d18# 8011107-
17.ilflearl WH< proll (O jalifti1840 8 30-Ilicit-42-Irm I Eflillity flW Cril--wiler
to be used in conjunct inn with the lu-ownt plant which was completed
in May 1940. This plant also has an ekient set-up for producing
flick us@Ill I OF 1'I'sliffilfill? Il d 74):14 S RD( CGINinifflull Of IlfW YOilflS
and driveway This rock asphalt has been used extensively in con-
struffille To:1 -- alli . Duririe the year 10,004 tons of this rock asphat were proshired and
..ubl.
1 Histle/4 ppe plah/.-- .1 @mit WH'- Operallot dunIl? ( le ye:ir bar file
111111111 Ilfilifl" 0 Chilfl'dG ])1 H'. Ilfilly 010 TPilf low were pitchwell
4.2.11 feet of 20-inch pipe; 10.557 feet of 24-inch pipe; 3,450 feet of
.*n-irach pipe: and 2,601 foot of 36-inch pipe. The phant also manu-
futured 15.519 feet of reinformal concrete 14-inch half-section drain
ille. This proshirt is mostly meal by the municipal engineering divi-
ims. but n onsialemble quantity is schl to other branches of the
11110( 15110 OUPftilliolli, 811( (0 oril Colliftl('tOUS.

PUBLIC ORDER

Ilfill2 1 IP 9011 JOilf 1,047 p'I 010 110fe jd21000 IIIII OF HI"I'OSI 17
I IP Chilill Zone police no increase of 3,670. or 92 percent. in cont-
nifiwill 11 If I 1 10 pl"PVintl* flill'. W IPil 3,977 Offeilk 111( )0011 FTIlli P.








































Caus ofarrst 941 1940Caue o arest 1941 1940


M a le - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 83 7 7






Aotrrestsmadewithout ___.~ ~ warn s------------- 22 11 ........ 68 367

B T ot al... ... ............. .... 33 ._5 Ttl _~_._~ _ ____ _. ., 647 43, 97






RE PI.ilt FGoENR 1T E AA AA


.\ 4 rid1 110 0:19"1* Of NU Jiflirmers SITYi'( Staffilt*09 10 010 0011111108
jails of t w ('anni Zone sharing the .1-wir, and all those playsially able
Wi'Ft" PIII dan *** 011 IIIrtlith*rIIIIIrr* Of flI 4, ]"0214 fflillTM, Filli fit 2('f 111111110-
ljail IIII) fol erile*Fil -- 01111-04 WI"I'i' ("III dfill*d III Hillltif alllti Illlifil tillP-
0115 1142di ill (141 <'0 Hill II' Illull IIId 111 fliffid fillift'9. 7710 titil
111 11<' Of 11'" It afillumi- .1 *I sail* of dII* 11':If H I< ''2II,(I lifits.
*1 11-IHO <'till\lVIS Weft (1)]llHillit*d in 0It' 00 d 0110 fil'Illit*II I IC)"
dlinfl" 010 11:lf, :Ill ill<"I'<*:1--a ts( 6 III rearil sul infl hit it it* JifetidIlly

JOilf, W10a :It*'Ir"'tifP**Ilivilff*R O 410 Yf*.H'S 1111( 8 Intifl@IS. FOffl"-I 110
illini' ** Wt*I'o ti-<' lill'p'I'< . ? Of **4<* Of I 0 1"t*Ilf 0 (1shridS fe-
11151111**( III I'llwf ul 1, lik 1" Illpill"I'd it Ifi III 1 10 PTh 0 1 IV (11'et'e( my
6SPil O*Ilf. T le* Cisilvit'lS Well* PIII@i\1'<*d dIIIIrip I IP)I IF OTI Olud 2111(
fillit]Impill Win IIIlphivilip Ill< 0 Pill'lily J)PTIlit*Ilillif l"Olills **, Illid11-
II'll:Illop all ])fl 01) )111 4 Ill;@ Ill:Illldlicture :Illti D*(MdY O lfl'*(III tid1-
1112 IIlli d10 Oil IVIlliflit of Wild' Hild Liff*(JddPh. Fif., RI ( It" polilit*I1-
(Illf fliffil. Tall Mlf })00 OI'llIP( \Y Ostillic(4 11tl.** \:1 1100 at .S.',1).'"IHi.10.
TLI* (Olid \:1 110 Of filllS, 10p(*(iddPS, JIll< O 100 plist IICIS (51 1 IV polll-
ff*Illuiry filrIll IIllittlDied to .YT.4W's.N() :1- enrilpared Hills -'*(\,(*152..57
Ill It" pl"Prialls Vi'IIP.
liflIl"' d10 087 )0080118 WOTP JI'jiol'te( frolli file (tilial 011<* 1)Y
Oft er Of 1 10 (107071107. Of tillS 1111111)07 3(1 were ratind4 11-lin laid
SUPVed SPIll011("is Ill I 10 p*lill01111167{ tilid 2(1 were per...nits who heal been
OOllYle(O( til 111141 PilWillinF 0 lill'ges Of W IO WITI* Of It*I'Wise 4 11'Illed
uritic-Irishit* persons to l>e perialitled to re-nin-li III One ('ainal Zor e.
11100(' WOPP Mail Ifilif 11001( 01148, 1111 11YPT:-ft* Of .\ft her Ill'lit 1, ft'-
ported (fliflil"' t 10 JORY, its 001:lfulfts W10I .Mi"\ inific tim'It a 104, 8
Illiantilly RO*F:et* Of 47.33, in (1,, previon s year. These usidents
Ti* 11 I(1 III t 10 th'll1 15 O 21s ]10040114 illl( Ill)UTIES to 3(11t persals, Of
Wintill 97 Were j)Pilo8ttlilllS. 1110 birp* Int're:I -P Ill 1 10 Ill'lllber of
ITilfile 110011 I'lllS IS 8 0<* 1*0(1811 Of I le '..'ftill pilli 10 t 10 lilllllin*C Of
Illotter \f 11( 0 EngliffOilOilR Willell overedal flioce' Of last Tr:IP 67 BS
portilli, Hill l"PJapa-welliod (110 gfPilled IllilTiber of mi.\- ve:Ir to Following is n chissifientiniI of the emise of thece neeblents for the

years 1941 anti 1941):

C:sra-** 1951 Intri Oman 1941 1940

Norlw.-ril driving . . -sal SP. Inforu-ated driver ...... ....... 37 14
Rockis-e drivine 3.15* 2.'" In**rperienced .Iriver..... ........ 11 24
('nrel.--1.el.*0run ==.' ?* .\llorlier ..... 47 18
Defoollu* velor1. 4. .1 --
Total................... ... 100 568


The learbors of linihou arol ('ri tah:ll, the Chagres River, no I the
illill ill IP YIt'I]Ill) 21111 ifin, illIIll .11 iP, III!( 10 \ ddOil Dum
:140 alft*H Were Julind et difollyllisill 1 II' ft'lif, j)Tilli'I lit OF 010 OD-
iffellwlit of I 10 linklfilillill 218 tild fr"'ll illiollw. )lifill 1 115 (WFIlid






REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 81

motor launch patrol officers arrested 7 persons for violation of the
navigation regulations. During the course of the year police officers
on monthly patrols of the interior or rural sections of the Carnal Zone
made 12 arrests, of which 7 were on charges of trespossing, 3 of petit
larceny, 1 of malicious mischief, and 1 of second-degree burglory.
Detectives effected 386 arrests, and made 832 invest igations to
obtain information in crimind cases; in addition, inquiries were made
in 560 cases involving lost property and other matters not involving
violation of law.
FIRE PROTECTION

During the year 205 fires, 27 falso alarms, and 8 emergency calls
were reported. The following table lists the owner on whose property
these fires occurred and the extent of losses sufered, together with a
comparison with the fires occurring in the previous year:

1941 1940

Number Property Number Property
offices loss offices loss

Panama CanaL.. 153 $23,960 95 $2,804
Panama Railroad Co......................... 9 107 12 288
U. S. Army............................ 7 25, 135 4 42
U. S. Navy....... 3 .. 1 .
Private---------........................ ... . ...... 33 15,558 29 212,453
Total ... .......... . .................... 205 64, 760 141 215, 587

Total property involved.....--.......... _............. $3,144,269 $2, 174, 286

1YLAGISTRATES' COURTS

BALBOA

In the magistrate's court for the subdivision of Balboa, 43 civil and
4,308 criminal cases were handled, whereas a total of 2,382 were
handled during the previous year. In the criminal cases, 3,748
resulted in conviction, 312 in acquittal, 108 were dismissed and 140
were held for the district court. In 236 cases, imposition or execution
of sentence was suspended and the defendants were placed on proba-
tion. Of this group 12 were rearrested for violating the terms of
probation and were returned to serve the sentence originally imposed.
The increase in cases handled-83 percent---is attributed to the gain
in personnel of the Panama Canal and the Army and Navy organiza-
tions during the year. Total revenues collected were $24,193.90.

CRISTOBAL

In the magistrate's court for the subdivision of Cristobal, 11 eivil
and 3,063 criminal cases were handled, whereas a total of 1,311 cases
were handled in the previous year. In the criminal cases, 2,788






R~EPO~~RTO GU RO FTEPNILCA L


TPSil (Pt Ill COR Y Wi lOil, Ill HCfflili t al 4.8 HTTP (flSIllISSed, and 101
H't-fe IP J Of ( 10 ( IS(flet entifts D Ill CIISPS, linposition or execution
Of sellie 100 wils susp'Ideal alls file defells sultS were placed on proba-
holl. ( IIS group (1 H'PIP FMlfred ed for 1 10 Ill.illy 1 10 ieTIlls of proba-
flOil Hill H000 EPillfilfd (O SOfVO 010 SellifilfP Of pflR J Ill1posed. The
floffRMO OYPT 010 (ffflolls JPilf Ill MISPS 1210( Of IlilOliding to
approximately 134 percent, is attributed to the increase in personnel
Of the illiatrila ('nital arid (110 Arrily arid NRVy OrgRulZ8tions during
10 )"Pilf.
PARDONS AND REPRIEVES

The pairsions hourd, consisting of 5 members, is appointed by the
OVODIOP tills 11014 III alli tidYISOI'y Cilpaleity. During the year, 26
Appilorillolls for exivillive Cleillency HTTP 0011811 ered by the pairelon
IOthfd. ( III (110 LONITI's r00sillIllOrldhilOrl, file OYPEDOf ClifildP(1
0 PIIIPlu'Y Ill R 0214(' .
TWO Vill'dill"IPS Ill d10 IllPill )l"I'911ip of the pardon board occurred
( llfill? (110 Year becausP Of the retirefllfilt ifOill ( 10 ServICO Of Doctor
D. P. Curry and 1\lr. R. II. Luce. One of those vacancies was filled
by the uppointment of .11r. E. A. Erbe, and the other had not been
filled at the end of the war.

PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM

E.w.-pt for ilu- furt that the Canal Zone vehools are situated in the
kilflull-- 10#114 [:111100 thall III 80000118 Of 8 City, file 8011001 OrgillllZHilall
IS reall)Nlfa. 1 0 Wdit the II--lill 011{ Srilliol Sys(0111 Ill file Fillit's Britt*R,
lilVillE it bilperilltPll( 011t H'll 1 11.4.714billf4 Ill (PIleft I'lltif"'P till it pflil-
cipal for each school.
It 6:14 been 1 to prudice for it 1111111ber Of yearS 10 IllIlke VOIllyll"ISOII
Of ODIT)1)Illent fraill 1 1'Calf 10 file flext oil file kisis of file Ilillnher
atWIII 1112 localocl at (110 Pill Of February, RS EPhrilliry 18 118118 y the
peak month. The told amber of regular pupils enrolled in February
of the pn I final .\,ar in hath white and colored schools was 7,213,
which is urs increase of stin, or 13.5 percent, in comparison with the
February enrollment of the previous year. In the white schools the
TPgidit? Alfo Illilli (Crittle 0110 flifollyll ]111110( College) at VRIlem (TOID
3,4.13 to *(,2$($, 811 IllerPilkP Of ii, OF 24.1 perffith T WFO WOTO 2.927
pilpiS 0110001"( Ill 1 10 00 til's*(1 80110018 III 1941 (IS d.galillSt ?.Will III (110
prPY]OllS Y<'llf, it galill 01 .4 .
I 10 Efeated perfPilidge of (21111 III 1 10 W 1110 SC TOO S OCCliff( 2
0 MilPilithf)" till( jtillial' 110 I EF:IdI's. Ill order (O Caire for (110 Illrfalse(1
File P Pilfil IIIPill, R Ili'W 0 Pilli'llinff St" 100 #"84 tapPiled at Dinhlo
el li< Ill opkillbef.
I rulergalfle*D (1pires are not Incillik( Ill ( 10 (Ota PilrollIllent
lati ties. The kindergartens for white chibirert, formerly netrainis-





REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 88

t ored by the bureau of clubs and playgrounds, were i na n derred during
the year to the division of schools. Two hundred and one children
between the ages of 5 and 6 were enrolled in the kindergartens
(February statistics).
Free school privileges are granted to children of silver unployees
of the Pa.nama Canal and Panama Railroad Co., only when such
employees reside in the Canal Zone. The peak yea.r for enrolhnent in
the colored schools uns 1932, when the number was 4,149. From that
year the enrolhnent decreased steadily until 1940 when there were
2,900 in n(tendance.
For the past 5 yones the average daily attendance has been as
follows:

1941 1940 1939 1938 1937
White schools... ........................................... 3, 296 2, 798 2, 686 2, 765 2, 755
Colored schools. .............................................. 2, 725 2, 686 2, 818 2, 881 3, 091
Total......----.................................... .. .. 6, 021 5, 484 5, 504 5, 646 5, 846

The above does not include the enrollment in the Canal Zone
junior college.
The enrollment in the junior college in September 1940, numbering
171 regular and special students, was the highest enrolhnent in the
college since its establishment 8 years ago. The junior college exten-
sion courses which have been designed for adult education had an
enrollment of 690 which was more than double that of the preceding
year. A total of 22 extension courses was offered in the fields of
accounting, business English, shorthand, typell- ri t in g, Span ish,
mathematics and industrial lubrication. The extension program for
adult education has become a vital part of the educational services
offered the community by the Canal Zone junior college.
During the past year careful surveys were made of the plans for
the expected increase in population of the Canal Zone, both in military
forces and in civilian forces engaged in construction alivities. The
school administration keeps informed as to the anticipated changes
and rearranges the plans for the expansion of educational facilities in
accordance with such changes. In keeping with the policy of educa-
tionnI preparedness, schools are being built concurrently with the
construction of family quarters in various centers of expansion on the
Zone. No difficulties are anticipated in the neeormoodation of the
increased school enrollment, and no curtailment of the eduentional
opportunities for children is planned. At present, elenu-niory schools
are in process of construction at Cocoli and 1\fargarita, and a new
high school and junior college unit is being built in Bulhan. Three
schools are projected for grades one through eight at Holl-ard Field,
Albrook Field and Coco Solo.





REPORTO i'ENRO TEPNM. AA


On (h-tolu-r 1, 1940, the playgrourals and kindergarten netivities
Were reorgaill/.11 811( I le R(flutillsifttliVO supefVISIGII Of SAllie W118
(TRIM Offly fall I 10 Ilifflill of 0 11 IR thik jd8} follll( S 110% FRURIR&
('nun clublems, ) to the division of school This section which is
Intlill 111111-( J lippropridiPd (111( S, pfavidOS 1801 liloS FOC 000 000
fefffittiall Hill prolliab'S 811( SUpefVISPS 811(" I RdlVILIPS RS @(SICS
OdllCaliloll, 110 11'CHI'lPOS, @Ilyp'OUI0 thilvili'S, )as.*l>ull, baskethal,
IHild it met MI (0]llllS, Miling, kHellig, aff IPry, RI I (*(It" IllerIS,
etc. The t rm for of squ rvision of this unit to the division of schools
Wdi JPoliled III VI.wide IN*rHilso a large part Of the Hellnties are close y
allied to file physical program of the schools which has education for
I < PXd115170 [MIC 1050 110Offillioll WOf 11 0 14 8 Hilitifid DRft 0 0le
St" 100 pfOffilIll.
The appropriation for playgrooral netivities covers the salaries of
physial directors naul direct resses, kirulerprian teachers, and play-
groulu alientimits, and also pronates fillaris for file milillienance Of
playerouInis, playwheels, husehall mul softhall alinrnornis, tennis courts,
running trucks, ural similar facilities, and for the purchase of play-
gTOillul and physioul othlettiall equipment. Some Of the recreational
netivities are partially self-supportine, but they cannot be made
wholly so without greatly curtniling tin-ir scope and thus lessening
the knefits now heing derived through their extensive use.
The physical instructors and other personnel employed in the
Playground Section have charge of the physical education program
of th- students enrolled in the Canal Zone schools; conduct kiruler-
gilfiells (OT Chillifell Of OOverimlent employees; final furnish active
leadership ural guidance to such organizations as the Boy Scouts,
Girl .+nuts, Sea Scouts, etc.
The recreational facilities provided by the playground section are
used extensively, not only by the civilian employees and their families,
but also hv the United States defense forces stationed on the Isthmus.
Prnetically all facilities are utihzed to their capacity during visits of
units of the United States Navy. The cost of these physical and
recreationni facilities is more than repaid in increased elkiency and
morale of the organization and in improved general welfare and health
of the entire Canal Zone population. There is ample justification for
the continuation of reasonable expenditures such as have been made
m the past.






REPORT FGVRO FTEPNII AA


POSTAL SYSTEM
Nineteen post offices were in operation by the Canal Zone postal
system at the end of the year. These included eight post offices in
civilian towns of the Canal Zone, nine at the United States Army
posts, and two at United States Naval stations. During the year, a
post office was established at Howard Field to serve that post and
Fort Kobbe.
Net receipts for the postal system were $103,071 for the fiscal year
1941. Operations for the past year are sununarized and compared
with the preceding fiscal year in the following table:

1941 1940

Sale of palve stamps, postal cards, stamp books, etc........ ..... .... ... $606, 936 $436,228
Money order fees . .. .. _ ........ ... .. .. .. 44, 474 24, 944
Box rents collected ... _ _. . . .. .. 27, 914 22, 018
All other receipts . . _ _ _ . ... ... 26, 130 18, 264
Total receipts.... ..... .... ... ... ........ ...... --- --- - . 705,454 501,454
Total expenses..... .. ............. ......... _............... . ..... 602, 383 486, 115
Netsurplus..... ___ ..... ... ----------__ .... .. 103,071 15,339


The sale of conunemorative stamps released July 15, 1939, and
August 15, 1939, was discontinued on February 28, 1941, and all un-
sold stamps were recalled and destroyed. On April 21, 1941, a 15-
cent postage due st unip was added to the permanent series. The
prnetire of issuing perforated stamps for official use was discontinued
and on April 8, 1941, a supply of regular and air mail stamps of
various denomine tions were surcharged "Official, Panama Canal" for
issue to departments and divisions of the Panama Canal and Panama
Railroad Co. for official use exclusively.
On June 13, 1940, the President approved an act to amend Chapter
14 of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code win t ing to the Canal Zone postal
service (see Public No. 626-76th Congress). The umended chapter
containmg sections 271 to 281 of title 2 authorized the Governor of the
Panama Canal to mamtain and operate a postal savings system. Al-
though new postal savings forms were placed in use on August 13,
1940, the general regulations governing the operation of the former
deposit money order system remain practically unchanged. The
interest rate of 2 percent per annum, payable on deposit money
orders, was continued without change as related to postal savings
certificates.







REPOr~T O I"RO FTEPNM AA


inlistics reallill!".' I IP !!!Ill alPilarl*** In fatistr0 Silvilly. V4*MI calleS,

wills cural]ntralive figill-s*--- 101 01-0), are pilers ill 1 le frillowing Dible:



)".*-1 s] mi l'1. as Tr aill II= I'All 1980


Marisherof certinearesinesent . al.151 24.197
1.slu. of ..run. si. junal 4. trol.230 $2.1117.350
la...'.r of ..ri '= I'* Mshi 1 79ti 22.511
Vahlent..r..r'. .1. 1 ..! L' 4tal & $1,wl*a,:41xt
1 II'. I- all harial at 11-1 I ." st II 4.031 $2,218.270



bl:018iles I lik<*I'lll" le up-Ilit ]I II O 0it* HIGHajY OfdPF 11-1111**.4 dlifilly

9 H I! 1 111111)IIII'llilYO "III'i- Of 10-0), tilt "'ll fil Ill ( 1(' folilwing
tak 0:


11, ra. unkrs 1941 10-10


Number of are ers issalval. 394.801 .*it Too
Value of orders issued . .. $x.0:.' <0 $4.244,052
Fevo ull- of ul . $44.474 $21.944
NuIntwr of order- I.si I . . ".5 s42 Ps.74ti
Value of orakrs p.u-I <..,,,.028 $7110.9(16



)ther stutistics relative to the operation of the ('unal Zone po-tal

sy terri ar.- pr.---*-ntal in the following table:

1941 1934)


R. r. r. .i and incural art icles -li -1. s'. 1.. .1
11.. a lletterwanni fetwelsr..i-1.ro*I far. 452.571 G 521
Foret::1 c. I. r. I letters.. . 32, Mid 2kJio4
1-or**w't r. .I i. r.*I Icarcels ..... 2.7845 Q.991
(her*,tt.r.*1'.r**Iletters s.Gill 30.312
]*..1.2. II. r. *-1. r= *I parcels.. 119 43
Insured parcels . 12. 114 %. 11)%

Total raiste red and insured particle dispatched 141 011 Ilt ran

0.. l-r. r..i arid insural artides receivel
I...:-l. r..l parties. HIT.140 sU. 2
II: ar.*I p an e l. .r (115 43.(14 ,
l*.r.1-reparolpost . 3.214 4.019

I ..r s] registered and insured articles receival it -1". I .I Lil

Ibc ..F.ll.-**f *II011.1 -1. His.r- I'rs inhs!
Is 1- so b. 11. sa. to the United States. 257 436
1 bl* st, b. male to foreign entantries... 1, 131) 1 .s.
Ts.I al dispatches runsle by stearlier.... 1, qi. 1.,14

l il- r.: F. ha receival front filifetl 1.17. .. 5-4) fil0
I II~ j. ar e II. recen ed froIll foretell entantrid .. 1. 023 L ilhi

Total.II'l*ul. Lu-- receiled by steamer . 1.'.*.*. 2..110

Dispatches of mail l.' *.r..uste r Ibalbs..s
11.1<1.11 i..I.h.. In:vie .... I.I'k I.M4
Total I -ru'.!.. recesteel .... I *Cs .' ." 1



AIR 11 li l,

200 Illilli Opt*I':Iflolls PolitlIlued to 01)Hilli ( III'lllL' 1 IP VPtif. h:110S

of nir rintil postalue almounted to $:':'4,224 minpm*al with $2@,843

( Ilfuly ille prel lulls VPIII', BT) Int"I'miso Of $124, 4.0, Of ll Olit .50 per-






REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 87

cent. Transportation charges for air mail amounted to $293,732, an
increase of $106,848, or 57 percent, as compared with the preceding
year. Therefore, the difference between the sale of air mail stamps
and transportation charges during the year amounted to $40,492, or
a return of 13.8 percent for operating expenses.
On September 1, 1940, direct nonstop air mail service was estab-
lished between the Canal Zone and Miami, Florida, reducing the time
of transit from 10 to 6 hours. While no change was made in the
number of trips over such route (three times a week in each direction),
the establishment of this fast service had the effect of reducing the
time of transit to all points served by the route operating between
Crist.0bal and Buenos Aires. As a result of the new schedules a
transfer agency was established at Cali, Colombia, to handle air mail
matter exchanged between the United States and Latin American
countries. This agency supersedes Cristobal as the main transfer
point for air mail and is operated under the control of the Director of
Posts as an adjunct to the Canal Zone postal service.
During the year air mail service between the Canal Zone and Browns-
ville, Tex., was ineroused from five times weekly to a daily service in
each direction. Service but \\-an Cristobal and Trinidad was in-
creased from three times weekly to a daily service in each direction.
Additional service was established betit-cen the Canal Zone and
Colombia and Ecuador. At the end of the year the number of mail
planes arriving and departing each week had increased to 42.
IMMIGRATION VISAS

During the fiscal year 1941, 160 visas were issued by the Executive
Secretary to alien residents of the Canal Zone traveling to the United
States. Of these, 95 were quota isurnigration visas, 29 were passport
visas, 27 were nonquota visas, 8 were transit certificates, and 1 was a
limited entry certificate. Fees collected for visas amounted to
$1,239.75.
RELATIONS WITH PANAMA

During the year, correspondence was conducted between the Govern-
nients of the Canal Zone and of the Republic of Panama with reference
to various matters of local joint interest, arising from the relations
of the two Governnwnts and the proximity of their respective areas.
The greater part of this correspondence was of a routine nature, deal-
ing with nint.ters reinting to customs, inanigration, municipn] improve-
Inents, public health, postal service. repatriation of aliens and vital
st.a t.1s t ics.

















































SHIPPING COMMISSIONER

10 illy))11 / CollHill--lenief illld IIS d<'pillit*- INVO d10 9111110 till{ 100-
117 118 :Ip IIII "' alillllllSSIOllerb Ill 1 10 11110( ftites ports mul 1 nit.* bites (Mill li lil (Oral II >orts with r poet to I'nital States se:llners.
blflil"' ( 1 ('ll V4'00 1.7. 0 W*.Illiell WOPO 8 llJ)J)P( Ill Ya'---1* 5 st 1 10
nite-al St.*t.- and 1,2n.' were disch:.rged. No sick or destitute sea-
10-11 Were le* IIIIII- I to 1 IV 1111100 (alle's ll( ( le ("\pell<(' Of I II* 11p-

)I'Opfl.Illial (OF re- lel O tic-fillite Int*FinIll (MilllPll, )lit 112 WOre'
ICIII'd 011 YOSSd8 1- WOdsHH ilk-, illid PettlfilPd to 1 10 ill ed $111105
11 Italli (*1)Is*Il**I 10 ( 10 OV0flillit'll(.
10 list:J H:1 I' 0:Jfilt d lA St'dil)Pil W 10 Wife dhadIlil'Eti 11( C:111:1
0110 (Offs IllitMillit'd 10 $123,( 0.1, Hild 0le toldi lipproVO( dUs Il("flullS
Oil all-11)tilli Of Ut V:IIII am, it Gillit'lli -, fil n 0taja-Chest 11(0011111, 00'.,
IIIllutillie 0 to '" 11,11 The 6:1 :1000 Of 512, 118 H H. 01( lef JUdd to
**(*:Illil'll illidof Supervision of flat* fees*IVO( till 4 0 )(Hit of I it' SPUtilvil >Yi II" dt*pill V 8 11(|)1114 (*IIlllIIIIS-
II'llel T 10 H:1"< -, Illnlit*1 fill( effa-P( 0 $1X Alliefle:III 0:Illl4'II,
VP O W IGIII (UP( Ill "I .1 U~pil:1 H ITI unit Pt )Y 1 le ilj1])tly
OIllIll 98101100, Hilt fi lilitim to dIV Jiftyper a sell!!? Ill d10 Illied illit'."-

for sli position.


REPOR OF GOVERN (i THEPAN.X.4M. AA


CUSTOMS


r it' Villital -.. aq*(ivilll**** Of I le* lii'I*Iill 0 tidUlli WITL' Coldlilued

dtillE 0IP Ill*< 011! thi'( Ill jafel lent 1111111111 ft"floffs. T 10 101 (lWlily 18

8 5121(011sid (Intilitiff Of dhe pflill lf)1d lielllS, WH 1 1 10 lyllfPS (if I 10
iIi'('<'( Illy 11'Ilf 6 IthWil of Colliftill"I tail.


~


Five-al I'i*=c:si
year 1941 year 1940

11.1110 12,000
11,titl2 12.Uh4
?..HS 1,421
2.33*& 1,419
, 4, 430 4,453
4 1."* 4, 4's6
13. 4"? 13, 1913
Us,3*> 10,149
O 0
Iri St
119 Rh
85(1 685
924 838

750 647
608 483

I 1.35% 1,330
I 140 352
92 lul
3.31 394


It "'


Vessels enh r. -t . .. .
Yesselscleared . . . ................ .......
Airemit central .
Aircraft cleared ..
11w-1- of ('ntled States reastry entered .
1'.* -el.. of I s..r..I States re castri cleared
("II. burn releases on -laimisa-III, manager 1 I.. Panama .
Fre.***nsri releases for billin.ni- t...-nipl..<..- ofU.8. th.11rmnonr
Arrests for violationof Nares in Isrue Islapart and Laport Act ... ... .. .........
Arrests for violation of custone r. -illisti-.n- . .. .
Shipments of household s....-b ..1 raphas-..s to United .ctate:-, inspected and sealed
for hipine*ni In I rul.*.1 her.*
Piece. ..( freight suchaded in above . . .... .. ... .. .......
Iny..I.-a-, e. rr sh.*.1 for shipment to United States . ...... ...... ..... ... .

Special customs inslwetion out of regular hours:
frists.rnal .........
8:11t...-u .... ... . .. . ... ... ... ... ... .. ... .....
'Total ....... . ..... .... ...... . .
Chinese ye-eners arriving. . ... ..... ....... .. ....... .
Chinese a inutr..i In P.snallus ... ......................... ..
Vrsweb with ("lun.*





REPORT OF GOVERNOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL 89

ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES

When provision for administration has not been made by the de-
ceased, or reque led by the legal heirs, the public ashninistrator takes
charge of all estates within the Canal Zone which require administra-
tion. In the case of estates with total assets exceeding $1,000 value,
the public admini trator charges the regular conunissions fixed by
law, which are paid into the Treasury of the United States. Com-
missions amounting $1,973 were collected during the fiscal year. The
estates of 195 deconsed or insane persons, with cash assets of $43,577,
were settled during the fiscal year.

LICENSES AND TAXES

Licenses issued for motor vehicles, permits for peddling foodstuffs,
sales of merchandise generally, ships' runners, and similar purposes
numbered 22,094 for the year, and 6,498 motor-vehicle licenses were
transferred during the year.
The number of motor-vehicle licenses and transfers and iniscel-
laneous licenses issued during each of the past 10 years and the
aggregate fees collected therefor are summarized below. These in-
clude licenses for official vehicles for which no charge is made.


Fiscal year Af re 6 Ire Miscella- Total Fees
transfers

1932. . . ... . 8, 577 1, 906 1, 312 11, 795 $52, 143
1933 8, 432 2, 270 1, 155 11, 857 50, 039
1934 8. 389 2, 311 1, 392 12, 092 52, 796
1935.. .. 10, 397 2, 685 1, 122 14, 204 56, 110
1936 ... . .. 10, 268 3, 276 1, 258 14, 802 61, 482
1937.. .. . 11, 467 3, 623 1, 077 16, 167 63, 967
1938 ... ... ... ........... _. 11, 885 3, 871 1, 146 16, 902 66, 574
1939... . ... ... 12, 097 3, 859 1, 137 17, 093 67, 636
1940.... ..... .. ... .... _ .. _ 15, 167 4, 568 1, 058 20, 793 77, 574
1941........ ............ ........ ... .. 20, 979 6, 498 1, 115 28, 592 113, 184


FOREIGN CORPORATIONS

Foreign corporations doing business in the Canal Zone a re required
to secure licenses, and during the year 119 such corporations, the
majority of wluch are steamship lines and steamship agencies, were
licensed. Fees amounting to $1,190 were collected. Taxes paid by
corporations amounted to $195.















































~


ItE~ill OF001Elt~lt F TE PN L1A ANA


INSURANCE

II* If"PII 0 100 hW Ill IIr"IIIII'P nillijittilit*** J 0111* 1- $1() p*I' e*Ilf. A1 1 le* s*III of dII' paid. SCid PIll" 20 liblifatilfe

Oliljialith'**L H ITt" la 111 Ps to Write IIIwilf:lth'I' Ill I It" ( 11111 Zeal... 11st-sth
tillijillith'A ft'jltiple*d lift II-4 of Det-till H*f $1, lit.$ 21 10ld a ,-141
Mairlin Wi*I'o III feel*i*t*. 111filip flat* (11 s*III alf fall .120 jit it'lPS
H I'I'0 1 111*( ltild 3117 Villit"I411 Pill 1112 503 lil (U'('P O 000111 500 $1,

illi, 11111112 IIII 110'['1*2:110 HI'P Vil llP O ,06 . Pit*Ill]Ulll
collect was shoring the alerselor war 19-10 tabled $194,404.33.
)III1112 10 VidPildil? yettF 10-10 1 IV j)felillllIlls re*rvived ly 1111400 -
111100118 III liflulfe folllfilllill"M, 1110 11< III IICCIdI'lit, Illiollia @1* 18 Idity,
fire*, astro*I fl< 0 1 Mi*., 711( 011' 1141111? Ife Ill-silfullee, tilllOlilitell to

$331,7-11..-14. Lo< es paid during the year tubiled $18,5.13.96.
11* 1:111- 4 0( 1 .g-4.011t all pro*lillialls by 811 Claimies Of HISilfrince
a*DIll ):11111 8 111111111111(*< (O $12,110..13 fOf 1 10 Oil 011( ill VMEP 111-10, itS
00111 pall-t** WO 1 -Bl,?$ .19 ( ildII? the previoll-4 yellP.


COMMERCIAL AVIATION

T 10 10 aillIIIg tabilittlOD prescid*4 8 )flel 41111111111(/ of ("OIIllitertial
aviation notiviti in the Canal Zone for the fiscal year 1941, together
with collipulative figure.-, for the years 1940 and 10mi:


1939



4.374
4,436
N.bl0

2.0.63
1. 883
4.3'6
I on adv
.'14.106
"NG III


Number ..( Pa-wetwors carried by regular schelilled airlines.
I MI LI inign *nm) fore IG'll
III...rilliac
shalysellip
Total. .... ... . .
Trans-Isthanian-
Embarked Albrook Field .... ..... . .
Embarkwl France Field.. .... .
Total .
Air \pre a and Ill sil (pounds);2
('leared .. . ... . . ...
Total .. . ....... . ... .


I Fwisr. do not inchicle 1 **III transit psurnger< who arrived withesist all harking
TI i.ur.* do not hwhicle rr are IIIpp. al a ures w his 11 entered and f l. un*rl w itherilt being unloaded in the
Canal Zone.


It wi1 he noted that the Canal Zone and foreign pu--senger trullie
8 10$04 alli 1111-10.1 ** Of 112 pel'i'I'lit 1111( 1 181 1 here WIN RI) Ilit"I'came Of $1

prin-ill Ill IP illliotilli Of RIr express carried. Truals-Istlerillain air
filYd II 80 8 InWed it ;II'O' ITIVII*tl**I*, I 10 VOhillie H'llig 8 IllOst four (IIlle.
8 21'0:11 at it I'l ill.


1941 uno



10 ?NS I 6 17.1
10..*.$4 6..'i"til
I "'1 11.*0 I 12.'MI

2, 113 Lein
2 177. 4- A .
5.:.> l..'r.6
Popend I artresh
tal..'.f I .75 10)
. G a.'i. -till JOl, N?4 *




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