• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Table of Contents
 Organizational chart
 Introduction
 Canal traffic
 Canal operations
 Supporting operations
 Personnel
 Financial report and statistical...
 Canal Zone government
 Back Matter
 Back Cover














Group Title: Annual report - Panama Canal Company, Canal Zone Government
Title: Annual report /
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097364/00003
 Material Information
Title: Annual report /
Physical Description: 24 v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Language: English
Creator: Panama Canal Company
Publisher: (multiple)
Panama Canal Company
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights C.Z
Washington D.C
Publication Date: 1968
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Politics and government -- Perodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 5th (1956)-28th (1979)
Issuing Body: Also issued by Canal Zone Government
General Note: Cover title
General Note: Some years accompanied by supplements
Statement of Responsibility: Panama Canal Company, Canal Zone Government
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097364
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 177519266
lccn - 53060088
issn - 0475-6126
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual reports of the Panama Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government
Succeeded by: Annual report

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Organizational chart
        Page vii
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Canal traffic
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Canal operations
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Supporting operations
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Personnel
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Financial report and statistical data
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
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        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
    Canal Zone government
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
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        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
    Back Matter
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
    Back Cover
        Page 153
        Page 154
Full Text
cz ^*6


PANAMA


CANAL


COMPANY


CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT


ANNUAL REPORT




FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968


1.ki^^or~el'l&SCO
V

L. .t













PANAMA CANAL COMPANY
Balboa Heights, C.Z.
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT



TO THE STOCKHOLDER OF THE PANAMA CANAL COMPANY:

It is my pleasure to present this review of another outstanding year of
Canal operations-a year marked by intense demands on the capabilities
of the entire staff. Surging demand for Canal services, given added
impulse by Vietnam and the Suez closure and characterized by increas-
ing transits of larger, specialized vessels, has tended to re-emphasize the
need for planned increases in Canal capacity.

Studies to this end were well under way by the end of the fiscal year.
These Canal capacity studies are aimed at rational improvements in
capacity programmed to ease restrictions when and where needed on
the basis of the greatest benefit at least cost.

Though not completed, the study is sufficiently well along to have
outlined a number of areas susceptible to improvement and programs
to that end are being analyzed as to their technical and economic
feasibility.

The essential goal now, as in the past, is a Canal capable of meeting
continuing challenge efficiently.




W. P. LEBER,
President.
























Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2009 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries


http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportpana1968pana














CONTENTS


PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION CHART
THE CANAL
ORGANIZATION
TOLLS RATES
BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND GENERAL OFFICERS
HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS


Page
Faces page I
1
1
2
3
4


CHAPTER I-CANAL TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC
COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES
TRENDS


CHAPTER II-CANAL OPERATIONS
TRANSIT OPERATIONS
MAINTENANCE .
CANAL PROJECTS


CHAPTER Ill-SUPPORTING OPERATIONS
EMPLOYEE SERVICES
TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES
HOUSING


CHAPTER IV-PERSONNEL
FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY .
TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS


CHAPTER V-FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA
Financial Statements and Related Supplementary Reports

NARRATIVE STATEMENT
Financial Results
Equity of the U.S. Government






CONTENTS


Financial Tables
Page
TABLE I.--Comparative Statement of Financial Condition 30
Notes pertaining to financial statements . 30
TABLE 2.- Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenses 33
TABLE 3.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the IU.S. Government 33
TABLE 4.-Statement of Source and Application of Funds 34
TABLE 5.-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses 34
TFABLE 6.-Transit Operations-Statement of Revenue and Operating
Expenses 35
TABLE 7.-Supporting Services-Statement of Revenue and Operating
Expenses 36
TABLE 8.-Administrative and Other General Expenses .37
TABLE 9.-Inventories 38
TABLE 10.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets 40


Shipping Statistics


TABLE II.-Ocean Traffic Through Panama Canal, Fiscal Years 1958-1968 42
TABLE 12.-Traffic by Months, Fiscal Years 1968 and 1967 43
TABLE 13.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel 44
TABLE 14.-Classification of Canal Traffic by Type of Vessel 46
T"ABLE 15.- Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel 48
TABLE 16.-Frequency of Transits of Vessels Through Panama Canal 50
TABLE 17.-Segregation of Transits by Registered Gross Tonnage 52
TFABLE 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped through Canal 54
TABLE 19.-Origin and Destination of Cargo Through the Panama Canal
From Atlantic to Pacific Segregated by Countries in Principal
Trade Areas 58
TABLE 20.-Origin and Destination of Cargo Through the Panama Canal
From Pacific to Atlantic Segregated by Countries in Principal
Trade Areas 64
T"ABLE 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific 74
TABLE 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic 77
TABLE 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes,
Atlantic to Pacific 82
TABLE 24.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes,
Pacific to Atlantic 105





CONTENTS


Other Statistics
Page

TABLE 25.-W\ater Supply and Usage 124
TABLE 26.-Dredging Operations 124
TABLE 27.-Electric Power Generated 125






CONTENTS


CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT


Page
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 127
ORGANIZATION CHART 128
INTRODUCTION 129

CHAPTER I-GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES

Health 131
Education 133
Police and Fire Protection 134
Miscellaneous Activities 137


CHAPTER II-FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA
Financial Statements and Related Supplementary Reports

NARRATIVE STATEMENT 139
Invested Capital 140
Capital Expenditures 140
Financial Results 141


TABLE 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial Condition . 140
TABLE 2.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the 1T.S. Government 142
TABLE 3.-Statement of Operations 143
TABLE 4.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets 144

CHAPTER Ill-STATISTICAL TABLES


TABLE 5.-Hospital Occupancy 145
TABLE 6.-School Enrollment 146
FABLE 7.-Police Statistics 146
TABLE 8.-Fire Division Statistics 146
TABLE 9.-Postal Service Statistics 147
TABLE 10.-Customs Activities 147
Area of the Canal Zone 147





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


PRESIDENT
OF THE
UNITED STATES

I
STOCKHOLDER


BOARD OF DIRECTORS


PRESIDENT
COMPTROLLER VICE PRESIDENT SECRETARY

RESPONSIBILITIES AS SET RISIIISUEULITIE S AS SET
FORTH UNDER ARTICLE V FORTH UNDER ART CLE V
SEC TION 5, PANAMA CANAL SECTIDN 6, PANAMA CANAL
CD-.NY BYLAWS COMPANY BYLAWS


EXECUTIVE
PLANNING STAFF
CHIEF

LONG RAUCE PLANNING
CAPITAL BuOGIT
MANAGEMENT STUDIES a SURVEYS
CANAL TRAFFIC STATISTICS
ECONOMIC STUDIES
ANNUAL ND MONTHLY REPORTS
COOROINATION OF CIVIC COUNCIL
PROGRAMS


PERSONNEL
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

EMPLOYEE UTILIZATION AND
DEVELOPMENT
EMPLOYEE- MANAGEMENT RELATIONS
EMPLOYMENT AND PLACEMENTS
WAGE AND SALARY ADMINISTRATION
CIVIL SERVICE LIAISON
CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE










MARINE
BUREAU


DIOtRECTOR

CANAL NAVIGATION
MARINE TRAFFIC CONTROL
PDRT OPERATION
LOCKS OPERATION a MAINTENANCE
SHIP REPAIRm
SOARO OF LOCAL INSPECTORS
AOMEASURE -r'T
BOARDING ;-i .


OFFICE OF
GENERAL COUNSEL

GENERAL COUNSEL

LITIGATION
LEGAL REVIEW
LEGISLATION
ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS ANO
PROCEEDINGS


ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

DESIGN, CONSTR B INSPEC
MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS,
STRUCTURES N UTILITIES
STREETS, ROAOS N SEWERS
PUBLIC UTILITY OPERATIONS
SURVEYS AND MAPPING
METEOROLOGY a HYDROGRAPHY
CHANNEL MAINTENANCE
t Goverm~entlo lncisons


PRESIDENT


VICE PRESIDENT


SECRETARY,
COMPTROLLER


.1


PANAMA CANAL
INFORMATION OFFICE
INFORMATION OFFICER

PUBLIC RELATIONS ACTIVITIES
PUBLICATIONS
PRESS SERVICES
PUBLIC AFFAIRS
CANAL ZONE GUIOE SERvirE


SUPPLY AND
COMMUNITY SERVICE
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

PROCUREMENT
STOREHOUSES
EMPLOYEE SALES
EMPLOYEE QUARTERS
*BuILDINGS ANN GROUNDS
T CEMETERIES
GUEST HOUSE

tGovernmental functions


SAFETY
BRANCH
CHIEF

DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
DF ACCIDENT PREVENTION
PROGRAM
SUPERVISION ANO PROMOTION OF
SAFETY MEASURES


TRANSPORTATION
AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
DIRECTOR

TERMINALS, PIERS ANO OOCKS
MARINE BUNKERING
MOTOR TRANSPORTATION
PANAMA RAILROAD
WATER TRANSPORTATION


WALTER P LEBER
MAJ. GENERAL, US ARMY
H.R PARFITT
COLONEL, U S ARMY
W MERRILL WHITMAN

PHILIP L, STEERS, JR






OFFICE OF EXEC, ASST
TO THE PRESIDENT
EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT
ADMIN STR ATIVE ASSISTANT
ADVISOR AN LIAISON OFFICER IN
THE FORMULATION OF POLICIES
EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT
COMMUNITY RELATIONS LIAISON
COORDINATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE
SERVICES &ND PROCEDURES
INCLUDING GENERAL SUPER-
VISION BY ADMINISTRATIVE
ASSISTANT OF ADMINISTRATIVEE
SERVICES DIVISION


JUNE 30,1968


STOCKHOLDER
STANLEY R RESDR, SEC'T OP ARMY



GENERAL OFFICERS

CHAIRMAN OF 90ARO HON DAVIO E McGIFFERT
UNDER SEC'Y OF ARMY












INTRODUCTION


THE CANAL
The Panama Canal is a lock-type canal approximately 51 miles long from
deep water to deep water. The minimum width in the dredged channel is
500 ,50 feet with the exception of approximately one and one-half miles in Gaillard
Cut which are currently being widened from the previous minimum of 300 feet
and which will be completed in 1969. Navigable channel depth varies
according to the amount of water available in Canal water storage areas.
The normal range of permissible transit draft is from 37 feet to 40 feet
with current Company planning aiming at future minimum levels of 39 feet
year around.
Vessels transiting the Canal are raised in three steps to the level of Gatun
Lake, the principal source of Canal water, then lowered to sea level again
in three steps. The three sets of Canal locks are paired which permits
simultaneous lockage of two vessels in the same direction or of two vessels
passing in opposite directions.
Since August of 1914, the official date of its opening, the Panama Canal
has served world trade virtually without interruption. Through this fiscal
year a total of 403,230 vessels of all types have transited with 321,457 or
79.7 percent of the total being of the ocean-going commercial class. The
additional role of the Canal in the service of the national intkarest during years
of war and strife from World War I through Vietnam is well documented
and incontestable.
ORGANIZATION
The Panama Canal Company is under the direction of a Board of Directors
appointed by the Secretary of the Army in his capacity as "Stockholder" and
representative of the President of the United States. Management is by a
career force comparable in selection and status to all personnel under U.S.
civil service as well as by military personnel (including the Governor, the
Lieutenant Governor and a number of other ranking positions) assigned to
the organization.
The basic mission of the Company is the efficient operation and maintenance
of the Panama Canal as well as the conduct of business-type activities inci-
dent to operations of the Canal and of the Canal Zone Government. The
Company and the Canal Zone Government, the independent agency of the
United States charged with the civil government of the Canal Zone, are
closely related in mission, organization and operations. Their combined
function is the administration of the Panama Canal enterprise as a whole.
The Governor of the Canal Zone, as appointed by the President of the United





INTRODUCTION


States, is responsible for the administration of the Canal Zone Government,
under the supervision of the Secretary of the Army, and is ex officio a
Director and President of the Company.
The Panama Canal Company is expected to: (a) recover all costs of operation
of its facilities, including depreciation, (b) pay interest to the U.S. Treasury
on the net direct investment of the U.S. Government in the Company, and
(c) reimburse the Treasury for annuity payments to the Republic of Panama
under the convention of 1903 as modified by the treaty of 1936 between the
two governments. In addition, the Company is obligated to pay into
the U.S. Treasury the net costs of the Canal Zone Government, including
depreciation.
Annually the Board of Directors is required to determine the Company's
working capital requirements together with anticipated expenditures for
authorized replacement and expansion of facilities. Funds in excess of the
required amounts axe to be returned to the Treasury as repayment of capital.
Funds other than working balances are carried with the U.S. Treasury.
Company activities are classified as transit operations or supporting
services. Transit operations cover functions directly related to the water-
way, the transiting of ships, and to services to shipping including channel
maintenance and locks operation. Supporting services include vessel repairs,
harbor terminal operations, the railroad, the Company supply ship, motor
transportation facilities, storehouses, an electric power system, communica-
tion system, a water system, and many other services essential to employee
welfare such as retail stores, restaurants, and quarters.
TOLLS RATE
The rates of Canal tolls remained unchanged during the year. Tolls rates
are as follows:
(a) On merchant vessels, Army and Navy transports, tankers, hospital
ships, supply ships, and yachts when carrying passengers or cargo,: 90 cents
per net vessel-ton of 100 cubic feet of actual earning capacity. Such ton-
nage is determined in accordance with the "Rules for the Measurement of
Vessels for the Panama Canal;"
(b) On such vessels in ballast, without passengers or cargo: 72 cents per
net vessel-ton;
(c) On other floating craft: 50 cents per ton of displacement.
Tolls charges are at the same level as set on March 1, 1938. They are
lower than those charged prior to that date.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 3

BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND GENERAL OFFICERS

Board of Directors

Hon. STANLEY R. RESOR, Stockholder
Secretary of the Army


Hon. DAVID E. McCIFFERT, Chairman of the Board
Under Secretary of the Army


Maj. Gen. W. P. LEBER, U.S. Army
Governor of the Canal Zone


Hon. DONALD G. AGGER, Department of Transportation

STEPHEN AILES, Steptoe and Johnson

Dr. JOHN C. ELAC, Institute for Latin American Integration

Hon. J. K. MANSFIELD, Department of State

ROBERT C. MITCHELL, First Federal Savings and Loan Association

Hon. COVEY T. OLIVER. Department of State

HOWARD C. PETERSEN, Fidelity Philadelphia Trust Company

Dr. CHARLES J. ZINN, Law Revision Counsel, Committee on
the Judiciary, House of Representatives.



General Officers

Hon. DAVID E. McGIFFERT, Chairman of the Board

Maj. Gen. W. P. LEBER. USA, President

Col. H. R. PARFITT, USA, Vice President

PHILIP L. STEERS, Jr., Comptroller

W. M. WHITMAN, Secretary






INTRODUCTION


COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS


Oceangoing transits:
Commercial --
Government --------
Free ---_
Total --- -

Daily Average-
Small transits:
Commercial-
Government
Free-------
Total ----

Total cargo:
Commercial
Government
Free----- _
Total

Total tolls and tolls credits:
Commercial- ---
Government
Total- .


---- -- 13,199
.-----. 1,504
104
14,807


571
121
12
704


96,558,522
8,497,265
482,531
105,538,318


-------- 83,943,461
-__---- 9,211,220
$93,154,681


Number of full-time Company employees (as of June 30):
Non-U.S. citizen -__--_ _-___ ___ _ 9,800 9,431
U.S. citizen ---- -- ---- 2,489 2,626*
Total Company employees _- 12,289 12,057
*Includes 120 SS Cristobal employees classified as full-time in 1967 and considered to be
intermittent employees for force ceiling purposes in 1968.


Fiscal year
1968 1967


12,412
879
94
13,385

36.7

570
101
14
685


86,207,511
6,147,565
642,882
92,997,958


$76,804,031
5,492,625
$82,296,656








.- -


* -I


.1 -



U'


The U.S. Battleship "New Jersey" prepares to enter the first chamber southbound at Gatun Locks on the Atlantic side.


- -." V.S-













Chapter I



CANAL TRAFFIC

TRAFFIC
Panama Canal traffic rose dramatically during fiscal year 1968 to exceed
all previous records. Two dominant forces, the Vietnam war and the Suez
closure, have had a significant effect on all aspects of Canal traffic: transits,
cargo transited, and tolls.
Total oceangoing transists were 14,807, 10.6 percent above last year's
13,385. Of the total, 13,199 were commercial transits, 1,504 were U.S. Gov-
ernment and 104 were free Colombian and repair transits. Comparable
figures for fiscal 1967 were: commercial 12,412, U.S. Government 879, and
free 94 transits. Total transits of small vessels, which do not play an impor-
tant role in Canal traffic, were 704 compared to 685 in 1967.
A total of 105,538,318 long tons of cargo passed through the Canal in
1968, exceeding the 1967 level by 12,540,360 tons for an increase of 13.5
percent. Cargo carried in oceangoing vessels was 96,550,165 long tons
commercial, 8,497,221 tons U.S. Government and some 482,483 long tons
by the free category. The most impressive gain was a 38 percent increase
in U.S. Government cargo transited from the 6,147,479 long tons of 1967
followed by the 12 percent gain in commercial from the 86,193,430 of the
prior year. Cargo carried by free Colombian and repair transits declined
from 642,882 long tons by 25 percent. Total cargo carried by small vessels
transiting the Canal was negligible.
Total tolls and tolls credits also increased significantly (as did Panama
Canal net measurement tons, the basis for tolls) to $93,154,681 compared to
$82,296,638 in 1967 for a 13.2 percent increase. Oceangoing commercial
tolls were up $7,138,457 to $83,907,062; Covernment tolls credits rose by
$3,722,249 to $9,206,815. Tolls and tolls credits for small craft were $39,772.
A tabulation of the four principal features of oceangoing traffic for the past
3 years is shown below:
Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966
Number of oceangoing transits --__ 14,807 13,385 12,601
Panama Canal net measurement tons and
reconstructed displacement tonnage--_ 107,950,650 95,354,709 83,401,495
Cargo (long tons) ___ 105,529,869 92,983,791 85,302,330
Total tolls and tolls credits ------------- $93,113,877 $82,253,172 $72,541,348
Vietnam has affected traffic directly and indirectly. The direct impact is





































PRINCIPAL COMMODITY GROUPS
TRANSITING THE CANAL
OCEAN GOING COMMERCIAL CARGO
FY 1968


PERCENT OF TOTAL CARGO


PETROLEUM a PRODUCTS


COAL 5 COKE


ORES 6 METALS


GRAINS


NITRATES, PHOSPHATES 6 POTASH


MISC AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES


LUMBER a PRODUCTS


MANUFACTURES OF IRON R STEEL


CANNED B REFRIGERATED FOODS


MISC MINERALS


CHEMICALS 5 PETROCHEMICALS


MACHINERY 8 EQUIPMENT


IB.39%


13.66 %


13.45%


ROT%

10.21%

8.37%






6.25%


6.20%


3.93%









1.62%



0 2 4 6 R 10 12 14 16 18 20
(MILLIONS OF LONG TONS)


CANAL TRAFFIC


Chorl A





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


immediately noticeable in the sharp rise in Government traffic which, pre-
Vietnam, averaged something less than 300 transits, 1.4 million tons of cargo
and $1.6 million tolls credits annually. Another indication of the magnitude
of Vietnam is gained by comparing the 1,504 Government transits of 1968
to the 1,064 such transits at the peak of the Korean War. It is also significant
that vessels were, on average, 16 percent smaller during the Korean war period.
While sharply rising Government traffic directly reflects the heightened
level of involvement in Vietnam, increased oceangoing commercial traffic is also
indirectly a result of it. Offshore purchases by the Department of Defense,
military personnel and U.S. industrial spending in the Pacific basin has tended
to stimulate the economies of a number of countries that are important to the
Canal, principally Japan.
The second upward force on Canal traffic, the closure of the Suez Canal, has
affected both commercial and Government traffic. The impact of Suez, which
closed just prior to the beginning of the fiscal year and which to date has not
been reopened, was felt during the entire year and continues to be an active
force in Canal traffic. Principally affected have been vessels normally plying
the route from various eastern European, Mediterranean and Black Sea ports
to the Far East which are now re-routing via the longer Panama Canal route.
In addition, U.S. Government vessels which previously transited Suez to
Vietnam have now been added to the Panama traffic pattern.
COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES
A number of commodity groups have maintained relatively stable levels
of importance to Canal traffic in recent years, Chart A, page 8 shows the
groups as they stood in 1968 in descending order of importance. The groups
shown accounted for 94 percent of total oceangoing commercial cargo in 1968
and 92 percent in 1967. All commodity groups increased in volume in
1968 with the exception of chemicals and petro chemicals which remained
virtually unchanged.
The most significant change occurred in shipments of coal and coke which
rose sharply from 9.4 million long tons in 1967 to 13.2 million tons in 1968.
Coal movements which represent 99 percent of the total commodity group
were virtually all (98 pea-cent) destined for Japan as coking coal for use by
the Japanese steel industry. Significant in the increase was some 752,000
long tons of coal out of Baltic Poland and Black Sea Russian ports to Japan-
shipments which would normally have been routed via the shorter Suez route.
Though the commodity group ores and metals showed only modest
improvement as a group, up 6.7 percent from the prior year, the individual
commodities comprising the group underwent some sharp changes. Greatly
reduced shipments of scrap metal to Japan, reflecting a decrease in imports
of scrap for the steelmaking process, were more than offset by major move-
ments of pig iron from European and Soviet ports to Japan re-routing through
Panama because of Suez. In 1967, the last month of which was affected
by Suez, some 351,000 long tons of iron metal moved along the Panama Canal
route while in 1968, 1.6 million tons were transited. The exact amount
accruing to the Panama Canal because of Suez can only be estimated, but








Churl 8 RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF CARGO MOVEMENTS
TO AND FROM THE FAR EAST AND TO AND FROM JAPAN 0
OCEAN GOING COMMERCIAL CARGO
FY 1947-1968

TOTAL CARGO
100



90



80



70



60



50



. .. .40





---- 3 20





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


at least 1 million tons would appear to be a conservative estimate. Also in
the commodity group, reduced copper shipments were similarly offset by
increased movement of bauxite from Australia to the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Iron ore and pellets from the West Coast of South America to Europe and
the United States continued the downward trend as shipments dropped to
3.1 million tons from 3.9 million tons in 1967; such shipments represented
97 percent of total iron ore and pellets in 1967 and virtually 100 percent
in 1968.
Still the number one commodity group in Canal traffic, petroleum and
products rose 5.7 percent to 17.6 million long tons in 1968 from the 16.8
million tons in 1967. Crude oil shipments, which represented 30 percent of
the group, increased in 1968 by 11.6 percent with most of the increase
accruing in Venezuelan shipments to Ecuador and Peru which served to offset
declining crude shipments from Venezuela to the West Coast of the United
States. Other commodities within the group such as kerosene and jet fuel
and diesel and fuel oil were up moderately while gasoline shipments declined
by some 250,000 tons reflecting Department of the Interior restrictions on
imports from Puerto Rico to the West Coast of the United States which took
effect about the middle of 1968.
One salient characteristic of 1968 commodity movements has been the
continuation of the trend toward extreme concentration of shipments to
specific areas and countries of the world. As Chart B, page 10 indicates Asia
is now responsible for approximately 48 percent of cargo through the Canal
on the basis of origin and destination. Further, a single country Japan, con-
tinued its rise in the ranks of Canal customers to a level of 39 percent of
total oceangoing commercial cargo on the same basis. In part Vietnam and
Suez have accounted for the extremely sharp rise of 1968, but a review of
Chart B and the data from 1947 indicates the continuous upward trend.
Nine major trade routes in Canal traffic are shown in tabular form in the
following table with a comparison of their importance in 1967 and 1968. Two
routes showing the sharpest rise in cargo movement, East Coast United States-
Asia and West Indies-Asia, further demonstrate the tendency of the traffic to
the Far East. A third sharply rising route Europe-Oceania would appear to
be at least partially due to the Suez closure as European shipments to Australia,
the bulk of which normally go via the Suez route, shifted to Panama.






CANAL TRAFFIC


MAJOR TRADE ROUTES IN CANAL TRAFFIC


Trade route
East Coast United States-Asia ------ -
Europe-West Coast United States, Hawaii, and Canad
East Coast United States-West Coast South America-,
Europe-West Coast South America..--......- .
U.S. Intercoastal (including Alaska and Hawaii).-
South America Intercoastal------------------
West Indies-Asia ...-..............--.......----
Europe-Oceania -------------- _.......__..
Europe-Asia ----------------. ....
Subtotal.--------------- .. ...
All other routes .----------............-- .....-
Total .


Fiscal year
(in thousands of tons)

1968 1967
Panama Panama
Canal Long Canal Long
net tons net tons
tons cargo tons cargo
30,249 34,691 25,085 29,742
a .... 7,870 7,481 7,321 6,916
.------.. 8,382 6,778 9,680 7,867
7,603 5,901 7,425 5,754
-- 4,306 4,678 5,065 5,273
---- -- 2,812 3,498 2,144 3,163
.-.-. 2,166 2,618 2,022 2,001
.------- -.. 3,524 2,752 3,075 2,184
-------- 3,582 4,642 1,030 1,075
----------- 70,494 73,039 62,847 63.975
----- ... 25,994 23,511 25,419 22,218
96,488 96,550 88,266 86,193


TRENDS

The high traffic level of 1968, and to a lesser degree the levels of 1966 and
1967, was largely a reflection of one or both of two unrelated political events
and was only in part influenced by economic secular trends. Concurrent
with any effective settlement of the conflict in either or both of the problem
areas, Vietnam and Suez, will be a beginning of lowering demand for Canal
services generated by the conflicts. The timing, depth and sequence of
reductions in such demand will be dictated by the nature and timing of
the settlement.
If, as anticipated, settlements are achieved in both Vietnam and Suez within
the next several years there should be a significant short-term drop in cargo
transited and a leveling out effect on tolls and transits until longer term growth
again offsets the temporary decline. Neither tolls nor transits will drop
in proportion to the reduced cargo volume since excess shipping capacity
should result in about the same number of ships carrying less cargo. This
lower load factor combining with the somewhat larger ships expected to ply
the Canal routes should serve to stabilize tolls over the recovery from any
reduction of Vietnam activity and the re-opening of Suez.
Over the long term all studies show nothing but growth in most aspects
of Canal traffic.


Percent in-
crease or
(decrease)

Panama
Canal Long
net tons
tons cargo
20.6 16.6
7.5 8.2
(13.4) (13.8)
2.4 2.6
(15.0) (11.3)
31.2 10.6
7.1 30.8
14.6 26.0
247.8 331.8
12.2 14.2
10.2 5.8
9.3 12.0












Chapter II



CANAL OPERATIONS

Canal operations may be grouped according to basic functions as transit
operations, maintenance, and special projects. These functions are not mutually
exclusive and are the responsibility of several bureaus within the Canal agency.
TRANSIT OPERATIONS
Transit operations during fiscal 1968 involved the largest number of ocean-
going vessels ever handled through the Panama Canal. Not only did the
14,807 transits represent an increase of 10.6 percent over 1967 traffic, but
the transiting ships were, on average, some 2.3 percent larger as measured in
Panama Canal net tons. Ship beam size provides another basic indicator of
transit workload. In 1968, 1,593 transiting ships were in the 80 foot and
over beam class compared to 1,309 in 1967, and 260 vessels were 100 foot
beam and over versus 232 in 1967. In addition, more large vessels transited
at deeper draft than ever before with 1,160 ships drawing 34 or more feet
while only 900 such deep draft transits were registered in 1967.
The basic significance of larger, beamier, deeper draft ships transiting in
greater number is the increased handling time necessary as well as the higher
levels of coordination of operations and personnel skills required. Large,
deeply laden vessels require moire tugboat assistance, are more difficult to
con through the Canal, take longer and require more careful handling
approaching the locks and locking through, and always present a greater
handling risk sometimes compounded by the type of cargo carried such as
highly volatile aviation gasoline. During 1968 large ship transits were made
somewhat more difficult because of continuing excavation in the remaining
narrow reaches of Gaillard Cut.
A new record in daily transits was established in February 1968 when
65 oceangoing vessels transited in a 24-hour period, reflecting the working
off of a backlog of ships awaiting transit due to the Shozan Maru incident
discussed below. In addition, a new sustained high traffic level was set
during April 21 through the 29 when 428 oceangoing ships transited for
a daily average of 47.6 transits, as heavier than usual workloads coincided
with routine locks overhaul creating a temporary backlog. Time spent by
vessels in Canal Zone waters, excluding time spent for their own account,
was an average of 18 hours per transit compared to the 14-hour average
during 1967. The number of ships spending more than 24 hours in Canal
Zone waters reached 3,110 or 21 percent of the total.























SA.

L


The "Shozan Maru" down by the bow after striking the bank was refloated and the channel cleared for traffic in less than 24 hours.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Two major accidents occurred in 1968 one of which could have had very
serious consequences if it had not been handled rapidly and efficaciously.
On February 25, the Shozan Marni laden with iron ore sheered and struck the
east bank in Gaillard Cut holing the vessel and causing it to sink in the Cut
channel. Though damage to the Shozan Marn was serious, the possible conse-
quences to world shipping of a Canal closed to transit for any length of time far
outweighed the immediate damage to the ship. That the channel was closed
only 18 hours and 20 minutes is a genuine tribute to the capabilities of the
work force of the Panama Canal which succeeded in refloating the vessel
using air pumped into the hull and removing it from the Cut. A second
accident which did not affect Canal traffic occurred when the Oriana struck
the bank in Bohio reach causing damage and delay losses in excess of $1 million.

MAINTENANCE
The Panama Canal, now in its second half century of operation, has required
constant maintenance, design improvements and structural up-grading without
which the Canal could not have fulfilled its task over the years. Such
basically routine functions as channel dredging, maintenance of channel
markers and locks overhauls were accomplished in 1968 with the same high
level of competence as in past years.
Approximately 1.5 million cubic yards of earth and rock were dredged from
the Canal channel, the Pacific and Atlantic entrances and from various harbor
areas in regular maintenance dredging programs. In addition, considerable
dredging was completed under special programs and some emergency removal
became necessary during the year because of material moving into the channel
due to construction blasting.
Some 2,500 navigational aids located in the channel and its approaches
were in service and were maintained during 1968. The total includes the
electrically operated fluorescent luminaries which comprise the Gaillard Cut
lighting system and the Gatun and Miraflores locks approach lighting. The
magnitude of the job can be appreciated when it is recalled that the fully
marked Canal channel from breakwater to breakwater is over 50 miles long.
The methods used for Locks Maintenance, a vital part of maintaining an
efficient Canal, have been constantly improved over the years. The overhaul
of Gatun Locks during the 1968 dry season utilized a system in use since 1961
marking the last year in which that particular system will be used. The over-
haul was accomplished in four stages, each requiring approximately 20 days
of lane outage causing a moderate backlog of ships waiting to transit. Future
major overhauls will reduce lane outage time to 6 days or less which, in view
of ever rising transits will be not only desirable but necessary to continued
efficient performance.
It is easy to slide over or dismiss maintenance as "routine" especially when
more dramatic aspects of Canal operations are considered, but it is well to
remember that the net value of the Panama Canal Company property, plant
and equipment is almost $500 million, and that maintenance and improvement
of fixed plant are the backbone of the organization.

CANAL PROJECTS
All Canal improvements projects are designed to either enhance capacity
or safety or both. Current studies to improve the Canal were begun in 1967
















I a *' ', r 'ljl J '
v KIU [M : '^s' '- j ai
-K m m"Ba' J


. r.-


~rfr~~W'~





~ev


Gatun Locks overhaul proceeds with business as usual. Shown are the floating crane "Hercules" placing a locks gate while the SS "Zoella
Lykes" prepares to lock down.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


as an extension of previous studies and continued through the fiscal year just
past. Considerable time and effort were expended during the year running
Canal capacity studies at the three locks sites, feeding the data into computers
for simulation tests and selecting, testing, accepting or rejecting a variety of
proposals for improvement. Though studies are not vet complete a number
of promising areas for real improvement have been outlined as possible
future projects.
One project currently under way and scheduled for completion in 1969 is
the widening of Gaillard Cut to a full 500 feet along its entire length. This
project, a result of prior studies, is only one and one half miles from completion
and when completed will provide a decidedly safer channel than before.
A potentially dangerous situation developed during 1968 which required
immediate emergency action. During April a pattern of large ground cracks
extending 1,200 feet along the slope of the Canal on the west side of Culebra
reach in Gaillard Cut were discovered. An immediate full scale investigation
was initiated in order to determine the geologic structure of the mass in
motion, its cubic magnitude, and the rate of surface motion. Field inspection
showed that to a lesser degree the cracks extended 2,800 feet farther north
for a total distance of 4,000 feet involving most of the west bank of Culebra
reach. An extensive surface and subsurface field monitoring system was put
into action and the adjacent channel was put under 24-hour surveillance.
Lime slurry was placed in cracks at strategic locations, diversion ditches were
dug, and sandbag revetments were put in rock areas in order to divert rainfall
from the cracks. Action taken during 1968 was essentially of an emergency
nature while any permanent changes such as grading back would have to
await the 1969 dry season.









-7
-.

I- .. -
- -- ~t.a.. IK4~L~







-.- ~m.


MMM M- ,'er -


The "Nelson C. White," a relatively new Canal customer, navigates the narrow Bas Obispo reach while Cut widening operations are under way.












Chapter III



SUPPORTING OPERATIONS

Panama Canal support operations are in the long run as vital to the smooth
working of the organization as any of the other activities within the agency.
In most cases support operations perform a dual role as direct backup to
Company/Covernmment operations and indirectly via the provision of em-
ployee services which ultimately redound to the organization's benefit. For
convenience of discussion the operations are grouped under: Employee
Services, Transportation and Public Utilities, and Housing.
EMPLOYEE SERVICES
Employee services include the provision of retail stores, service centers,
theatres, and various other recreational facilities.
The retail stores in the Canal Zone are combination stores operated by the
Panama Canal Company and are located in all major Canal Zone commu-
nities. Various supplies for home and personal use are stocked including
food items, clothing, furniture, and other products such as would be found
in similar retail outlets in the United States. With some exceptions prices
during the year were maintained roughly on a par with prices of a private
retail chain located in New Orleans, the site of Panama Canal Company
procurement.
In 1968 total marketing operations grossed approximately $26.8 million,
or $1.8 million over the previous year. Though the Canal Zone population
has been relatively stable over the years and total sales at retail have reflected
this stability, some growth has occurred and wage increases of recent years
have resulted in higher sales as employees have upgraded their purchases.
An additional and considerable part of the increase has, of course, been the
result of inflation keyed to U.S. price increases as well as autonomous Canal
Zone increases designed to cover higher wage costs. Prices of food items
rose some 3 percent, apparel approximately 5.5 percent, personal care items
some 4 percent, and all items rose approximately 7 percent during the year.
TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES
The operations of harbor terminals, the railroad, and motor and water
transportation facilities are managed by the Transportation and Terminals
Bureau.
Basically, terminals operations involve the handling of general cargo and
petroleum shipments for the Canal Zone, the Republic of Panama, and in





SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


and out shipments that are dropped at the piers for transshipment. The
cargo tonnage workload handled, transferred, and stevedored during 1968
declined some 86,000 tons to 2,361,000 from 2,447,000 tons in 1967. The
decline was primarily due to the competition of a private Panamanian steve-
doring firm which began its operation in May of 1967, and secondarily to
the diversion of some roll-on roll-off cargo to Las Minas Bay, Panama, since
handling facilities for this type of cargo do not exist in the Canal Zone.
Marine bunkering operations increased substantially in 1968 over the prior
year with 61.5 million barrels passing through Panama Canal Company
facilities this year versus 48.3 million previously. The increase is largely
due to higher Canal traffic, high ocean freight rates and the convenience and
apparent price attractiveness of bunkering in the Canal area when transiting.
All bunker fuel sold is by private firms with the only return to the Panama
Canal Company being for the use of storage and handling facilities.
Operations of the Panama Railroad reached new highs during 1968 as
freight tonnage of 209,414 tons and passenger travel of 836,192 travelers
exceeded the previous year by 6 and 13 percent respectively. The increased
number of passengers carried is especially noteworthy as it was the first time
in over 25 years that more than 800,000 persons traveled on the railroad
during any single year. The freight load of 209,414 tons was also a record
breaker. It has been over two decades since the railroad carried more than
200,000 tons of freight, the last time being just prior to the opening of the
competitive Trans-lsthmian Highway to full commercial use.
Motor Transportation comprises a vehicle fleet of 720 and consolidated
repair shops and garages on both sides of the Isthmus. In addition, the
franchised public bus transportation system operating in the Canal Zone is
supervised by the Motor Transportation Division. Total vehicle mileage by
the fleet was 8.7 million miles in 1968 as compared to 7.7 million in 1967.
Transportation services income, including cost transfers, increased to $2.7
million from $2.5 million in the previous year. Vehicle use includes: the
transportation of Company/Government employees on official business, the
moving of heavy construction equipment to on site locations, the hauling of
petroleum products for power generation, and the bussing of school children.
The Panama Canal also owns and operates an oceangoing steamship, the
SS Cristobal, which operates as a combination passenger-cargo vessel between
the Canal Zone port of Cristobal and New Orleans. The vessel makes a
scheduled 27 round trip voyages annually. Passengers carried in 1968 were
up slightly to 6,200 from the 6,100 of 1967. Freight carried declined by
2 percent during the year, while operating expenses increased tlb't.AIti ill.
in 1968 reflecting increased New Orleans handling costs as well .a, ir ri.-t..
crew wages and benefits. These costs were partially offset by increased
freight rates, but the over-all operating deficit was still $107,000 compared
to $162,000 in 1967 of which $89,000 was a special non-recurring item.
Public utilities services are provided by a number of Canal Company
organizations not only to the Company/Government and their employees and
dependents, but to the military and other Government agencies, private
organizations and firms, and others in the Canal Zone. The system is inter-
connected with a private power system in the Republic of Panama and some
power is interchanged.





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Electric power requirements increased in 1968, as they have in all recent
years. The peak load reached during the year was 95,400 kilowatts compared
to the previous high of 92,100 kilowatts during 1967. Total gross power
generated by Company hydroelectric and thermal generating units and
purchases of power from commercial and military sources totaled 622,252,800
kilowatt hours during the year. In order to temporarily ease the power
shortage problem, the Company leased late in 1968 the floating nuclear
power plant Sturgis which will add 10 megawatts to plant. A partial,
longer-term solution will be the construction by the Military of a 33-megawatt
plant at the Miraflores plant site to meet added military requirements, and
another possible long-term solution is to be offered by the construction of a
power plant in the Republic of Panama for partial use by the Company/
Government on a contract basis. This installation will, in conjunction with
the military plant, provide sufficient extra capacity to meet emergency
demands as well as day-to-day operational demands.
With the assistance of private consulting engineers, specifications were
prepared and bids invited during 1968 for the replacement of the Balboa and
Pedro Miguel telephone exchanges. A complete new telephone system for
the entire Canal Zone was considered, but only the most critically needed
segments of the system will be replaced at this time. The new exchanges
should be in operation during 1970.
Filtered water production increased during the year to meet the additional
demand from the Republic of Panama as well as the Canal Zone. It is now
estimated that plant capacity will be reached during 1969 and the Govern-
ment of Panama has been so advised and is taking the steps necessary to
alleviate the problem. A 56 million gallon per day plant is being planned
to serve Panama City and surrounding areas, using the Madden reservoir as
a source of raw water.
HOUSING
The provision of adequate housing has been a chronic problem in the
Canal Zone. A brief study made by representatives of the Federal Housing
Administration in 1968 at Company request confirmed that at least 862 U.S.
housing units, or approximately one third of the total, are ". . undesirable
or substandard as compared to what an American family in a similar income
group would prefer, if acting intelligently and well informed in a free rental
market." The average age of Company U.S. citizen housing is approximately
25 years with no new houses having been built in the last 5 years. Though
age per se is not an indication of quality, a large part of Company housing
was built of wood in a tropical environment not suitable to wood frame
construction, built during the Depression or World War II according to the
restrictive standards of those two hardship periods, and in many cases was
built along construction camp lines for supposedly temporary use.
Inadequate housing is now deemed to be a basic reason for many U.S.
hire employees leaving the Company/Government after expiration of the
initial 2 year contract. The high turnover rate especially applies to the
professional category individual. Data covering U.S. citizen family housing
is shown in the table below:




























Pre World War II housing as shown above still represents a considerable portion of U.S. citizen Company/Government housing.


_ .-,--. f





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 23


U.S. CITIZEN FAMILY HOUSING
June 30, 1968 June 30, 1967
Total family units ----------------------------- 2,506 2,507
Occupied -------------------------------- 2,418 2,404
Vacant ----------------------- 88 103
Families in bachelor units ----------------------- 100 82
Vacancy factor -------------------------------- 3.5 4.1
Family in leased apartments in R. P.--------------- 34 33













Chapter IV



PERSONNEL'

The Personnel Bureau of the Panama Canal Company administers and
manages a variety of functions for, in 1968, 16,094 employees of the Company
and the Canal Zone Government. Its functions are performed within the
framework of laws, executive orders, and regulations applicable to Federal
employees generally, together with applicable provisions of the Canal Zone
code and regulations of the President of the United States and the Secretary
of the Army relating to employees of Government agencies in the Canal Zone,
and the bylaws of the Panama Canal Company.

FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY
The total civilian force of the Company/Government in the Canal Zone
as of June 30, 1968, was 15,893 as compared to 15,282 as of the same date
in 1967; the increase of 611 persons represents an approximate 4 percent gain.
In addition to the Canal Zone force there were 157 employees in the United
States (4 in Washington, 29 in New Orleans, and 124 officers and crew of
the SS Cristobal), 10 in the Republic of Panama and 34 military employees
located in the Canal Zone not included in the figures above. The work
force of the Company/Government organization in the Canal Zone is composed
of 74 percent Non-U.S. citizens (predominantly Panamanian) and 26 percent
U.S. citizens.
A comparative tabulation of the Company/Government full-time force is
shown below by citizenship and by wage base:
Fiscal Year 1968 Fiscal Year 1967
U.S. Non-U.S. U.S. Non-U.S.
Citizen Citizen Citizen Citizen
U.S. Wage Base:
Panama Canal Company.---.- 2,251 948 2,401 891
Canal Zone Government ..-- 1,504 478 1,363 434
3,755 1,426 3,764 1,325
Canal Zone Wage Base:
Panama Canal Company 238 8,852 225 8,540
Canal Zone Government .--.. 54 1,046 137 1,057
292 9,898 362 9,597
Total Full-time Force ----- 4,047 11,324 4,126 10,922
1 Includes both Panama Canal Company and Canal Zone Government personnel.








CHART C PER CENT OF U. S. WAGE BASE POSITIONS

OCCUPIED BY U. S. AND NON- U.S. CITIZENS

1959 1968

100- -

90 us
9 NON- U S
80

70

60

50

40

30

20

IO

0
1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968


U S 3,468 3,597 3,600 3,694 3,606 3,625 3,644 3,645 3,731 3,673

NON-U.S 234 359 505 730 828 908 1,O0 7 1,251 1,388 1,460

T:'TL 3,702 3,956 4,105 4,424 4,434 4,533 4,661 4,896 5,119 5,133


Data as of Dec 31st each year Full-time employees only





PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Rates of pay are established on a Canal Zone wage base for occupational
categories which can be filled by recruitment on the Isthmus and on a U.S.
wage base for those positions which would normally be filled by recruitment
from the United States. Up until the mid 1950's only citizens of the United
States were eligible for employment in executive, supervisory, professional,
subprofessional, and clerical positions. Since that time, however, progress
has been made in employing non-U.S. citizens, primarily Panamanian, in
positions of responsibility and at a higher U.S. rate of pay. In addition, rates
of pay to non-U.S. citizens on the Canal Zone wage base have recently tended
to increase at a faster rate than that of U.S. citizens.

TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS
There are a number of Company training and employment programs
designed, to improve the organization's hiring position. In 1968, as in all
recent prior years, U.S. recruitment of qualified employees has been severely
handicapped. Housing which is a prerequisite to States hiring is, and has
been, inadequate for a number of years. Further, high levels of employment
in the States coupled with reduced financial incentives to work in the Canal
Zone, have reduced the U.S. employee pool available to the Canal.
Increasingly the Company has turned to the Panamanian labor market
for its skilled employee needs, and accordingly major emphasis throughout
1968 continued to be centered on increased utilization of locally available
applicants, particularly citizens of the Republic of Panama, both through
emphasis on direct recruitment and on special training programs. Of special
significance have been the Floating Equipment Training Programs which were
authorized in April of 1968 in order to utilize locally available U.S. and
non-U.S. citizen in-service personnel for filling of floating equipment positions
of tugboat masters and mates and dredge mates and engineers. Of 42
screened applicants for the positions 14 were non-U.S. citizens.
Another important activity has been the work of the Special Placement
Branch established to aid in the search for and placement of qualified Pan-
amanians in positions of responsibility in the Company/Government. Con-
siderable progress was made in this area during 1968 as is shown in Chart C,
page 26, showing the increasing number of Panamanian citizens in U.S. wage
base positions in terms of percent of the total number of U.S. wage positions
in the Company 'Government. The basic idea is to locate and employ
professional and subprofessional persons at the U.S. wage base in order to
substitute local hire for U.S. recruitment.
To help smooth the wav for easier entry to Company/ Government jobs at
all levels the number of "security" positions required for continuity of oper-
ations was reduced in many occupational categories. At the close of 1968
only two occupational groups, Canal Zone pilots and customs guards and
inspectors, remain as total security position groups. All other occupations
are now made up of various combinations of security and non security
positions, thus partly eliminating the former restrictions on employment of
Panamanians in these occupations. Further progress in this area will be the
aim in future years.












Chapter V


FINANCIAL REPORT AND
STATISTICAL DATA

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND RELATED SUPPLEMENTARY
REPORTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1968
The financial statements of the Panama Canal Company appearing as
tables 1 through 10, with the accompanying notes, present the financial posi-
tion of the Company at June 30, 1968, and the financial results of its operations
for the fiscal year then ended.
All statements have been examined by the General Auditor of the Panama
Canal Company and are subject to audit by the General Accounting Office.
Detailed audit reports of the General Accounting Office are directed to the
Congress and are presented as congressional documents.
Summary information concerning operating results, net direct investment
of the U.S. Government and retained revenue, and capital expenditures follows:
Financial Results
Net revenue for fiscal year 1968 amounted to $11.4 million after interest
payments of $12 million and net cost of Canal Zone Government of $22.5
million. Corresponding net revenue for fiscal year 1967 amounted to $13.1
million after payments of $12.2 million and $21.7 million for interest and net
cost of Canal Zone Government, respectively.
Equity of the U.S. Government
The interest-bearing net direct investment of the U.S. Government in the
Panama Canal Company was reduced $10 million during the year as the
result of a capital repayment on December 8, 1967.
Capital Expenditures
Capital expenditures amounted to $13.7 million for the year as compared
to $8.4 million for the preceding fiscal year. The budgeted estimate for
the year was $15.1 million. The largest expenditure, amounting to $5.9
million, was for widening Las Cascadas-Bas Obispo Reaches and the second
largest expenditure, amounting to $1.2 million, was for the purchase of
two tugboats.






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 1.-Comparative Statement of Financial


Assets
CURRENT ASSETS:
Fund balances with U.S. Treasury and cash:
Fund balance in U.S. Treasury checking
account ---------------------------
Cash in commercial banks, on hand, and in
transit -------- -


Accounts receivable:
Canal Zone Government
Government agencies--
Republic of Panama----
Other ----


and other U.S.


-----------


Inventories (note 1):
Materials and supplies -
Merchandise held for sale --- ---


Other current assets -----------

Total current assets
FIXED ASSETS (note 2):
Cost -------------------
Less depreciation and valuation allowances ---


DEFERRED CHARGES:
Relief payments to former employees---
Other--------


1968


$25,321,852

2,123,755

27,445,607


1,634,965
2,835,970
3,177,784

7,648,719

8,440,820
4,466,057

12,906,877

214,623

48,215,826

710,894,935
220,797,347

490,097,588

10,292,000
441,003
10,733,003
$549,046,417


1967



$17,358,927

5,946,271

23,305,198


4,237,822
2,597,227
2,687,788

9,522,837

7,771,086
4,384,942

12,156,028

135,611

45,119,674

698,303,629
214,254,611

484,049,018

8,554,000
566,669
9,120,669
$538,289,361


NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Inventories. Inventories of operating materials and supplies are stated
principally at standard cost. Inventories of merchandise for sale in ware-
houses are stated at average cost on a line item basis; and inventories of
merchandise for sale in retail outlets are stated at average cost using the
retail method for valuation.
2. Fixed assets. Fixed assets generally are stated at cost or, if acquired
from another Government agency, at original cost to such agency. Valuation
allowances have been established in accordance with sections 62 and 412 of






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Condition June 30, 1968 and 1967
Liabilities and Equity
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable:
U.S. Government agencies
Other ---------.


Due U.S. Treasury ---------------
Accrued liabilities:
Employees' leave -- ---------
Salaries and wages _---__---- ---
Relief payments to former employees ---
Claims for damages to vessels
Employees' repatriation-
Other ------------


Other current liabilities --- ----------- -

Total current liabilities -

LON(-TERMr LIABILITIES:
Relief payments to former employees-
Employees' repatriation--- ----------


RESERVES:
Stabilization of canal slides _
Overhaul of canal locks - -- -


EQUITY OF U.S. GOVERNMENT (note 3):
Net direct investment:
Interest-bearing---- - --------
Non-interest-bearing-- ------------ --
Retained revenue, non-interest-bearing -_




The accompanying "Notes to Financial Statements" are an


1968


$1,783,914
3,165,695

4,949,609

427,195

12,229,848
2,589,956
1,328,000
3,391,587
496,375
3,448,811

23,484,577

826,260

29,687,641


8,964,000
4,490,025

13,454,025

5,000,000
636,483

5,636,483


1967


$2,329,423
3,691,953

6,021,376

1,156,585

11,570,864
1,704,835
1,460,000
971,144
627,000
3,038,864

19,372,707

781,555

27,332,223

7,094,000
4,426,000

11,520,000


566,992

566,992


321,736,896 331,759,383
18,051,630 18,051,630
160,479,742 149,059,133

500,268,268 498,870,146

$549,046,417 $538,289,361

integral part of this statement.


title 2 of the Canal Zone Code (1) to offset the cost of defense facilities and
suspended construction projects-principally the partial construction of a third
sets of locks abandoned in the early part of World War II-totaling $82.7
million (both the cost and valuation allowances have been excluded from the
statement of financial condition) and interest during original construction
aggregating about $51 million and (2) to reduce to usable value the cost of
those fixed assets transferred to the Company from The Panama Canal (agency)
at July 1, 1951. Because of historical practice and a construing of the Canal
Zone Code as not requiring the depreciation or amortization of certain assets,
depreciation or amortization allowances have not been provided on titles,






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


treaty rights, and excavation of channels, harbors, basins, and other works
costing about $317 million. If these assets were depreciated at the rate of
1 percent per annum, there would be an annual charge against operations of
approximately $3.2 million. Depreciation allowances on all other fixed assets
are accumulated on a straight-line basis.

3. Equity of the U.S. Government. The net direct interest-bearing
investment was established in accordance with section 62 of title 2 of the
Canal Zone Code. Interest thereon is paid at a rate established annually by
the Secretary of the Treasury. The rates for 1968 and 1967 were, respec-
tively, 3.668 and 3.655 percent. The net direct non-interest-bearing invest-
ment consists of the costs of the Thatcher Ferry Bridge constructed in accord-
ance with the Act of July 23, 1956 (70 Stat. 596). The Act of August 25,
1959 (73 Stat. 428) amended section 71 of Title 2 of the Canal Zone Code
to provide the Company with authority to borrow funds from the U.S. Treasury
not to exceed $10 million outstanding at any time at interest rates to be
determined byv the Secretary of the Treasury.

4. Contingent and other liabilities. The Company is contingently liable
with respect to certain pending suits and claims. In addition, the Company
has outstanding at all times certain liabilities of indeterminable amounts,
which are recognized in the accounts on an as-paid basis. These liabilities
include, principally, commitments for construction work, supplies and services,
and death and disability benefits payable under provisions of the Federal
Employees' Compensation Act. The maximum liability which could result
from outstanding claims and lawsuits is estimated to be $4.3 million exclusive
of claims that may arise as a result of a bus/train collision that occurred
subsequent to June 30, 1968, the cost of which is not determinable at this
time. Commitments under uncompleted construction contracts and unfilled
purchase orders amounted to about $7.9 million at June 30, 1968. The
Company held at June 30, 1968, negotiable U.S. Government securities and
Republic of Panama securities in the face amount of $2,515,000 d,:-p.sitred by
customers and Panamanian insurance firms to guarantee contract performance
and payment of tolls and other charges and, on behalf of the Canal Zone
Government, negotiable securities in the face amount of $633,000 to guarantee
payment of possible judgments against insurance companies operating in the
Canal Zone.






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 2.-Comparative Statement of Revenue and Expenses,
Fiscal Years Ended June 30, 1968 and 1967

REVENUE: 1968
Tolls -------------------__ ------------- $83,943,461 $76
Credit for tolls on U.S. Government vessels ---- 9,211,220 5
Commodities sold _____ --- ----_ 26,524,041 24
Service sales and rentals -- ----- 40,770,461 37


1967
,804,031
5,492,625
1,607,878
,994,969


OPERATING EXPENSES AND OTHER COSTS:
Payroll and related costs -- ----------
Material and other operating expenses ---.--
Cost of commodities sold ---- ---------
Provision for stabilization of slide hazards -----
Locks overhaul accrual ---
Damage to vessels ---------------
Depreciation ---------------
Net cost of Canal Zone Government ------
Interest on net direct investment of U.S. Govern-
ment ------------- ------


Less payroll and other costs transferred to Com-
pany capital projects and Canal Zone Govern-
ment programs --------- ------

Total operating expenses and other costs_. -
NET REVENUE __ __


160,449,183

75,835,777
10,190,357
18,240,402
5,000,000
2,920,969
2,596,653
7,269,301
22,536,947

11,983,947


144,899,503

68,782,510
8,094,910
17,239,832

871,897
225,386
6,868,623
21,692,425

12,207,079


156,574,353 135,982,662


7,545,779

149,028,574

$11,420,609


4,141,554

131,841,108

$13,058,395


Table 3.-Statement of Changes in Equity of the United States Government,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


EQUITY AT JULY, 1 1967_ _- ___
Additions:
Net revenue._ --__ -- --____ ___
Transfers from other U.S. Government
agencies:
Vessel Q-612 (renamed Anayansi),
from the Department of the Army.----
Adjust value of Building 82, Coco Solo,
previously transferred from the U.S.
Navy --- _____ -
Reactivation of plant:
Building 1-D, Balboa Industrial
Area __ ___-- -__
Tool crib in Building 2-A, Balboa
Industrial Area _
Adjust value of Buildings 2-A and
3, Balboa Industrial Area, previ-
ous reactivation -------------

Reductions:
Capital repayment__-_-__----
Transfers to other U.S. Government
agencies:
West Bank fuel oil facilities, to U.S.
Air Force----------------


Net direct investment
interest- non-interest-
bearing bearing
$331,759,383 $18,051,630


85,750

38,594

1,913
1,590


1,094
331,888,324

10,000,000


151,428
10,151,428


$18,051,630 $160,479,742


Retained
revenue,
non-interest-
bearing
$149,059,133

11,420,609


18,051,630 160,479,742


EQUITY AT JUNE 30, 1968-


----_-- $321,736,896






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 4.-Statement of Source and Application of Funds,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


SOURCE OF FUNDS:
Revenue --------- -----------------
Net change in working capital, other than cash
Other --- __


APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
Operating expenses and other costs __
Less operating expenses not requiring expenditures
of funds:
Provision for depreciation
Provision for stabilization of canal slide- -
Provision for locks overhaul
Other------- ----_-------

Capital expenditures--- -_ ------------
Canal locks overhaul expenditures-
Capital repayment __--_ --------_ _
Increase in cash-


$160,449,183
3,399,675
267,476

$164,116,334

$149,028,574


$7,269,301
5,000,000
2,920,969
365,574


15,555,844
133,472,730
13,651,717
2,851,478
10,000,000
4,140,409

$164,116,334


Table 5.-Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


TRANsrr OPERATIONS (table 6) __

SUPPORTING SERVICES (table 7):
Maritime services_- -
Employees' services
Transportation and utilities -
Other supporting services _



GENERAL CORPORATE EXPENSES:
Administrative and other general
expenses (table 8) .
Net cost of Canal Zone Govern-
ment_ ____ _
Interest on net direct investment of
the U.S. Government .. .


NET OPERATING INCOME


Operating
Revenue expenses
$105,302,403 $48,527,935


12,254,396
29,268,140
9,572,086
3,867,602
54,962,224


9,391,373
29,285,754
9,248,225
3,871,394
51,796,746


Operating
income
and expenses
$56,774,468


2,863,023
(17,614)
323,861
(3,792)
3,165,478


160,264,627 100,324,681 5.9 39.946


184,556 14,182,999 13,998,443

22,536,947 22,536,947

11,983,947 11,983,947
184,556 48,703,893 48,519,337

$160,449,183 $149,028,574

$11,420,609






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 6.-Transit Operations, Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968


REVENUE:
Canal tolls --------------- ---
Credit for tolls on U.S. Government vessels --
Harbor pilotage, tug, launch, and other services. __

Total revenue ________ ----------


$83,943,461
9,211,220
12,147,722

105,302,403


OPERATING EXPENSES:
Navigation services and control_-
Engineering and maintenance serv-
ices _----------
Operation and maintenance of
locks------------------ -
Dredging of channels and harbors
Vessel repair ----------
Provision for stabilization of canal
slides ----------------
Provision for periodic overhaul of
locks ..----------- -
Damage to vessels ------
Meteorology and hydrography serv-
ices__---------------
Locks security force_----------
Annuity to Republic of Panama (re-
payment to U.S. Treasury)---
Diesel power generation -------
Operation and maintenance of
Thatcher Ferry Bridge ------
Operation and maintenance of dams,
reservoirs, and spillways----
Miscellaneous_ -----------
Total operating expenses -----

Less charges to other activities ---
Net operating expenses -----

OPERATING INCOME. .- ---- --


Direct
expenses
$15,617,740

12,669,310

11,004,994
8,973,122
5,133,941

5,000,000

2,920,969
2,596,653

805,708
693,062

430,000
324,000

234,820

157,736
640,727
$67,202,782


D0

$1,4


1,4


eprecia-
tion Total
273,109 $15,890,849

157,738 12,827,048

152,640 12,457,634
484,325 9,457,447
154,790 5,288,731

5,000,000

2,920,969
2,596,653

15,499 821,207
693,062

430,000
324,000

315,206 550,026
114,192 271,928
8,347 649,074
975,846 70,178,628

21,650,693
-------.------ 48,527,935

----.------------- $56,774,468


$2,










Table 7.-Supporting Services, Statement of Revenue and Operating Expenses, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968

Revenues Operating Expenses

Cost of Less charges Total Operating
Sales of Sales of Rental of Total Direct commodities to other operating income
MARITIME SERVICES: commodities services quarters revenue expenses sold Depreciation activities expenses or (loss)
Marine terminals.- ---------- $12,254,396 ..-----.. $12,254,396 $9,717,591 -------.- $357,670 $683,888 $9,391,373 $2,863,023
EMPLOYEES' SERVICES:
Marketing operations . $25,073,823 478,389 ------.. 25,552,212 9,408,051 $17,300,005 309,260 1,223,757 25,793,559 (241,347)
United States community housing------------- $2,803,211 2,803,211 2,028,293 ----------- 557,677 42,860 2,543,110 260,101
Latin American community housing..---------- ----------- .. 912,717 912,717 820,436 -....-- -... 136,125 7,476 949,085 (36,368)
25,073,823 478,389 3,715,928 29,268,140 12,256,780 17,300,005 1,003,062 1,274,093 29,285,754 (17,614)
------ ------ ------ ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ 171
TRANSPORTATION AND UTILITIES,:
Railroad- ---------- 3 1,438,863 ---------- 1,438,863 2,043,277 -- 112,807 723,564 1,432,520 6,343
Motor transportation-------------------------- ---------- 232,810 232,810 3,176,828 .--. 309,801 3,258,087 228,542 4,268 >
Water transportation ----....-----.....-----------------.. 37,049 752,812 789,861 4,32S,674 22,170 93,248 3,519,229 924,863 (135,002) Z
Power system------------------------------ ----------- 4,850,130 ----. ..- 4,850,130 5,417,548 ------.. 1,228,639 2,059,327 4,586,860 263,270 0
Communication system------------------------ ----------- 480,007 480,007 848,142 .-----------........ 122,969 580,705 390,406 89,601
Water system -------..------------------------- ----------. 1,760,733 1,760,733 1,593,054 ----------- 324,457 331,840 1,585,671 175,062 -
Central air-conditioning system 19,682 19,682 253,412 ...------ 76,019 230,068 99,363 (79,681)
37,049 9,535,037 ---------- 9,572,086 17,660,935 22,170 2,267,940 10,702,820 9,248,225 323,861 t1
OTHER SUPPORTING SERVICES: O
Storehouse.................---------------------------------- 763,642 30,742 .....----- 794,384 7,543,361 580,772 193,765 7,627,279 690,619 103,765 :
Scrap operations --.--------------..---.-- 202,869 202,869 44,242 99,321 6,427 13,937 136,053 66,816 H
Tivoli guest house-------- ------. 446,658 211,981 ...-. 658,639 714,0'8 238,134 35,701 118,677 869,186 (210,547)
Printing plant ..---------------- ---- --- 44,894 ....... 44,894 654,452 .....------... 30,651 643,840 41,263 3,631
Grounds maintenance --. ...------------- ---------- 379,898 ------- 379,898 2,007,013 ----------- 36,346 1,698,923 344,436 35,462 Z
Procurement-------- ------------------- --- -- ---- 235,069 .. 1,279 236,348
General community and custodial services -....... ----------------- 77,631 77,631 1,343,845 ----------- 12,144 1,275,439 80,550 (2,919)
Sea level canal support division------. ---... ---- ---------- 1,709,287 1,709,287 1,709,287 ----------- ---- ----------- 1,709,287 H

1,413,169 2,454,433 ------.- 3,F67,602 14,251,297 918,227 316,313 11,614,443 3,871,394 (3,792)
TOTAL ..... .. ... .. 26,524,041 24,722,255 $3,715,928 $54,962,224 $53,886,603 $18,240,402 $3,944,985 $24,275,244 $51,796,746 $3,165,478




r






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 8.-Administrative and Other General Expenses,
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1968

EXECUTIVE DIRECTION:
Board of directors--- --- $12,408
Office of the president 793,648
Information office ----------- 482,913
Tourist facilities --------------------------- 69,355
Office of the secretary 87,608
Consultants and advisors 380,547

OPERATIONS DIRECTION:
General and special engineering services _ 314,407
Office of the engineering and construction director 209,985
Office of the marine director ___---- __-- 134,825
Office of the supply and community service director 156,753
Office of the transportation and terminals director 140,212
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT:
Office of the comptroller 3,899,961
Annual audit 25,511
PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION:
Personnel bureau ------ 1,299,412
Apprentice program 135,817
GENERAL SERVICES:
Administrative branch_ 768,307
Maintenance of buildings 721,758
Public services ---------- 78,824
Miscellaneous -------------- 132,232


EMPLOYMENT COSTS:
Alien cash relief--- -
Recruitment and repatriation
Employees' home leave travel -
Apprentices' school time
Death and disability compensation -----. -
Contribution for employees' health benefit associa-
tion _________
Medical and other services for relief annuitants --
Contribution for employees' group life insurance ---
Transportation of employees' vehicles
Leave liability variation ------------
Over-distribution of civil service retirement contribu-
tion__-_____-__-____-_- ___-
Miscellaneous ------........... -..__

OTHER EXPENSES:
Loss on disposition of fixed assets _
Depreciation -_ __- _ _-__ ____
Correction of landslide at Los Rios -- _----
Law suits and tort claims_--- ._
Slide prevention-Gamboa water tank ______ -----

DEDUCT:
Charges to other activities ---_ -- ------ --

REVENUE -----------------------___----------------
NET ADMINISTRATIVE AND OTHER GENERAL EXPENSES_


1,458,839
562,910
615,822
464,017
258,134

175,878
117,819
94,807
53,063
(211,158)

(84,398)
236,389


$219,953
348,470
7,748
54,345
153


$1,826,479





956,182


3,925,472


1,435,229




1,701,121


3,742,122





630,699
14,217,274

34,275
14,182,999
184,556
$13,998,443






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 9.-Inventories, June 30, 1968


MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES:
Storehouse branch:
General materials and supplies-
Scrap ------- -------- -
In transit to Isthmus


Locks division----- -
Marine terminals division ----
Water transportation division-- .
Water system _-- -------- ----
Power system ---------- --- ----

Manufacturing and repair work in progress:
Industrial division -
Other units-


Total materials and supplies ..-

MERCHANDISE HELD FOR SALE:
Retail stores and allied operations:
In warehouses and in stores ---------
In transit ---- -


Water transportation division --. ----.--- ----------.
Service centers ---- .
Tivoli guest house .-----

Total merchandise held for sale .......


TOTAL INVENTORIES


$7,134,075
192,633
453,884
7,780,592

---.- 138,592
110,706
15,000
.---- 70,000
.---- 204,191
538,489

121,351
388
121,739


8,440,820



3,430,374
748,501
4,178,875
1,866
257,647
27,669

4,466,057


- -- $12,906,877









Table 10.-Comparative Statement of Fixed Assets, June 30, 1968 and 1967


TRANSIT FACILITIES:
Titles and treaty rights:
Treaty payments to Republic of Panama, 1904---
Depopulation of Canal Zone ....-------



Canal excavation, fills and embankments:
Canal channels, harbors and basins-------------
Dams--- -----------------------
Locks excavations --_-_ ---------_
Breakwaters -----------.
Spillways ---------------------- -------



Interest during construction ---_---_ ----__

Canal structures and equipment:
Industrial division-Vessel repair
-Drydock excavation
-Salvage depot ------------
Locks division -----------_____________
Dredging division -------------------------
Dams and spillways--------------- -
Port captains ---------------------------
Aids to navigation-----___
Meteorological and hydrographic branch--------
Engineering division-Hydrographic surveys
-Maintenance and inspection-
Thatcher ferry bridge--------------------




Total transit facilities -- __-----_-__
SUPPORTING AND GENERAL FACILITIES:
Maritime services:
Harbor terminals


1968 1967

Depreciation Depreciation
and valuation and valuation
Cost allowances Cost allowances
$10,000,000 $10,000,000 --
--_---- 4,728,889 4,728,889 -------

14,728,889 14,728,889

264,623,467 257,307,220
14,999,298 14,999,298---------
11,613,816 11,613,816 ----
-.------ 9,324,423 9,324,423
--.-. .---- 1,733,998 1,733,998

302,295,002 294,978,755

50,892,311 $50,892,311 50,892,311 $50,892,311


13,775,500 9,625,337 13,291,688 9,266,852
__-___ 126,457 63,229 126,457 63,229
----- ---- 268,145 207,888 267,849 199,542
------ 89,453,500 44,929,376 89,162,015 43,534,293
16,241,156 11,132,287 15,395,014 10,661,474
10,044,433 4,650,887 10,044,433 4,536,694
8,527,278 3,166,279 7,089,976 2,989,025
----- 3,136,289 1,632,474 2,997,522 1,576,094
176,144 111,323 164,992 110,810
-------- 149,424 93,121 228,558 85,304
------- 4,192,304 2,304,644 3,941,608 2,219,222
19,050,129 1,944,000 19,050,129 1,628,795

165,140,759 79,860,845 161,760,241 76,871,334

_--------- 533,056,961 130,753,156 522,360,196 127,763,645


22,357,316 16,781,482 22,354,846 16,531,786





Employees' services:
Retail stores and allied operations. ----------.-------.---------
Service centers--------- ---------------------------
Housing division--------------------- --- -------------------



Transportation and utilities:
Railroad division -- ----
Motor transportation division ---------------------------------------------
Power system-----------------------------------------------------
Communication systems ----- -----------------
Water system----------------------------------
Water transportation division -
Central air conditioning service



Other supporting services:
Storehouse branch .......-------------------
Tivoli guest house -- -----------------------------
Printing plant-------------------------------------------------
Grounds maintenance .......................................------------------
Procurement --------------------------------------
Housing division -----------------------------------------------



General facilities:
Miscellaneous company buildings---------------------------
Miscellaneous office equipment -- -----------------------


Total supporting and general facilities -- -----------------
PLANT ADDITIONS IN PROGRESS ------------------------------------------ -
PLANT RETIREMENTS IN PROGRESS ------------- ------------------
FACILITIES HELD FOR FUTURE USE ----------------
TOTAL------.. --------------------


6,746,493 3,408,138 6,650,953 3,227,315
--- 3,759,684 1,629,828 3,709,860 1,522,108
43,743,323 16,567,939 43,472,794 16,096,397

54,249,500 21,605,905 53,833,607 20,845,820 C
z
12,430,097 9,585,522 12,281,306 9,625,199 >
4,247,033 2,096,508 3,984,309 1,984,838 f"
-- 38,834,677 15,018,651 37,810,283 13,845,402
-- 4,357,114 3,091,001 4,408,426 2,972,852
------ 14,497,447 7,925,435 14,279,534 7,608,104 0
4,670,121 4,056,723 4,653,457 3,963,801
2,181,429 342,355 2,079,573 249,092 i

81,217,918 42,116,195 79,496,888 40,249,288

4,924,939 2,359,224 4,860,646 2,193,251
898,093 590,371 892,566 558,417
719,724 301,076 698,819 275,965
780,434 436,749 638,868 403,261
S27,920 18,697 26,141 17,653
350,554 140,735 314,374 129,523

7,702,264 3,846,852 7,431,414 3,578,070

7,515,705 4,345,433 7,424,681 4,180,880
549,063 284,140 814,323 453,901
8,064,768 4,629,573 8,239,004 4,634,781
173,591,766 88,980,007 171,355,759 85,839,745
3,154,475 ------- 3,915,651
671,990 660,859 168,380 164,794
419,743 403,325 503,643 486,427
$710,894,935 $220,797,347 $698,303,629 $214,254,611







FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 11.-Occan Traffic Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Years 1958

Through 1968


Total traffic

Number Long tons
of of
transit Tolls cargo


Traffic assessed tolls
on net tonnage basis

Number Panama
of Canal net
transits tonnage


Traffic assessed tolls on
displacement tonnage
basis

Number Displace-
of ment
transit tonnage


COMMERCIAL OCEAN TRAFFIC'

9,187 41,795,905 48,124,809 9,162 47,924,345 25 78,691
9,718 45,528,728 51,153,096 9,682 52,153,563 36 112,609
10,795 50,939,428 59,258,219 10,745 58,301,926 50 193,471
10,866 54,127,877 63,669,738 10,823 61,826,002 43 140,760
11,149 57,289,705 67,524,552 11,096 65,378,845 53 197,390
11,017 56,368,073 62,247,094 10,973 64,438,115 44 110,002
11,808 61,098,312 70,550,090 11,756 69,632,611 52 134,221
11,834 65,442,633 76,573,071 11,777 74,734,814 57 208,205
11,925 69,095,129 81,703,514 11,859 78,912,824 66 218,092
12,412 76,768,605 86,193,430 12,366 88,266,343 46 166,242
13.199 83,907,062 96,550,165 13,142 96,487,843 57 220,411

U.S. GOVERNMENT OCEAN TRAFFICI


972,110
965,643
813,313
997,842
1,028,396
1,460,281
1,395,548
1,647,653
3,446,219
5,484,566
9,206,815


791,310
1,012,842
804,581
1,149,934
1,126,418
1,115,352
1,177,269
1,923,538
3,220,190
6,147,479
8,497,221


1958 ----...
1959 ---- -------
1960......
1961--- .- ---------
1962
1963 ---- ------- - - -
1964...
1965-- .
1966 ----------------------
1966
1967-..-
1968.......


1958
1959 ..........----
1960
1961....-
1962-
1963 .....----- -- -
1964 .. -
1965-...
1966-
1967----
1968 ---..... -------


1958-..---
1959-
1960 --- -----
1961 ---
1962
1963- 8
1964
1965- 8
1966
1967-....
1968.......


1958.----.
1959-..--- ---
1960
1961.....
1962 --
1963--...
1964 ....
1965---..
1966---- ...-....
1967.-...
1968 .... .


224 1,020,267 55 219,938
172 1,047,674 32 120,562
148 864,177 34 134,965
160 1,088,393 28 130,905
166 1,095,074 25 135,236
213 1,387,597 87 552,928
184 1,337,065 101 493,655
216 1,733,736 68 332,827
479 3,682,835 112 494,479
782 6,044,162 97 419,701
1,368 10,421,084 136 719,247


35 52,659
44 146,783
94 417,457
79 416,003
82 442,932
91 556,031
87 471,291
82 452,191
73 405,221
S8 704,153
94 511,278


TOTAL OCEAN TRAFFIC!
42,768,015 48,963,226 9,421 48,997,271
46,494,371 52,311,205 9,898 53,348,020
51,752,741 60,383,522 10,987 59,583,560
55,125,719 65,199,332 11,062 63,330,398
58,318,101 69,054,801 11,344 66,916,851
57,828,354 63,867,919 11,277 66,381,743
62,493,860 72,149,451 12,027 71,440,967
67,090,286 78,900,529 12,075 76,920,741
72,541,348 85,302,330 12,411 83,000,380
82,253,171 92,983,791 13,236 95,014,658
93,113,877 105,529,869 14,604 107,420,205

SMALL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC3


11,400
35,795

25,807
3,815

7,7l0
8.030
31,050
26,760
22,516


88 310,029
84 268,966
84 328,436
85 297,472
80 336,441
131 662,930
157 635,666
128 549,062
190 743,621
149 612,703
203 962,174


1958---... ----..--....... 750 47,619 18,710 750 58,914
1959---..-------------------....58 42,835 17,766 956 53,013 2 716
1960----------------------. 833 42,500 18,126 823 50.522 10 3,807
1961----------------------... 627 38,086 17,249 621 45,653 6 2,107
1962-- -----.......- 473 22,459 8,644 469 27,638 4 1,231
1963 ---------------------- 430 23,385 8,980 428 28,429 2 859
1964 ----------- 627 48,686 19,202 622 57,587 5 2,092
1965-----------....----------- 577 53,786 20,698 568 62,707 9 2,900
1966 ------------------- --- 544 48,485 21,054 532 57.954 12 2,924
1967 --------...- 570 40,097 14.081 566 49,027 4 938
1968 ..------.......- 571 35,367 8,357 566 43,498 5 1,369

I Ocean traffic includes ships of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over
on vessels paving tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.).
2 Free traffic includes ships of the Colombian and Panamanian Governments and ships tranriting for repairs at the
Company operated yards.
3 Includes vessels under 300 net tons, Panama Canal measurement (or under 500 displacement tons for vessels assessed
on displacement tonnage.)


FREE OCEAN TRAFFIC 2
47,107
145,267
320,722
.-------- 379,660
----------. 403,831
505,473
422,092
--------- 403,920
378,626
. .----.. 642,882
--- --- 482,483


9,509
9,982
11,071
11,147
11,424
11,408
12,184
12,203
12,601
13,385
14,807







PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 11.-Ocean Traffic Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Years 1958

Through 1968-(Continued)


Traffic assessed tolls
Total traffic en net tonnage basis


1958--..---
1959 - - - -
1960----.................
1961 ......... ... .. .....
1962............-- ...
1963......-..........
1964 --- -
1965...... ----
1966 ....... .....
1967.......--------.. ....
1968 ..............---- ....


1958 -......
1959 .----.------
1960..................
1961 ...........-- --
1962.
1963 ---....


1967..................
1968 ....... .
1958 .--..--....-........
1965-- ---
196 .------...- ..........
195S -----------.------- -

1960---------------
1961 -
1961.....................
1962------- ... .
1963 -
1964 ........-.-.--
1965.................... .
196 ...----------..................-
1968 ---.-. ------------


Number
of
transits


337
230
230
229
190
139
119
110
135
101
121


12
22
13
16
19
28
15
28
24
14
12


10,608
11,192
12,147
12,019
12,106
12,005
12,945
12,918
13,304
14,070
15,511


Long tons Number Panama
of of Canal net
Tolls cargo transit tonnage


Traffic assessed tolls on
displacement tonnage
basis

Number Displace-
of merit
transits tonnage


SMALL U.S. GOVERNMENT TRAFFrIC
18,372 .------ 210 15,931 127
9,414 -------- 94 3,643 136
7,791 48 1,863 182
8,914 48 623 181
6,730 -- 48 872 142
4,192 ---------- 41 773 98
3,844 -----..- 23 969 96
4,379 26 733 84
4,277 44 2,001 91
3,370 86 40 1,844 61
4,405 44 34 1,865 87


SMALL FREE TRAFFIC2 3
..------.... 100
----.---- 16
----- 85
-------- ---------o
--- 30
------- 301
- 37
------- 1,704
.---.-.-- 79
--- --- -. 48


12 1,416
22 850
13 862
15 706
17 2,299
28 1,608
15 1,287
28 3,226
20 2,848
9 213
8 374


TOTAL PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC
42,834,006 48,982,036 10,393 49,073,532
46,546,620 52,328,987 10,970 53,405,526
51,803,032 60,401,733 11,871 59,636,807
55,172,719 65,216,581 11,746 63,377,380
58,347,290 69,063,475 11,878 66,947,660
57,855,931 63,877,200 11,774 66,412,553
62,546,390 72,168,690 12,687 71,500,810
67,148,451 78,922,931 12,697 76,987,407
72,594,110 85,323,463 13,007 83,063,183
82,296,638 92,997,958 13,851 95,065,742
93,153,649 105,538,318 15,212 107,465,942


1 35
2 328


4 -213
5 180
4 144


215 320,344
222 282,681
276 344,937
273 316,515
228 350,195
231 671,060
258 644,049
221 559,664
297 752,431
219 617,691
299 906,451


1 Ocean traffic includes ships of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over
on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.).
2 Free traffic includes ships of the Colombian and Panamanian Governments and ships transiting for repairs at the
Company operated yards.
3 Includes vessels under 300 net tons, Panama Canal measurement (or under 500 displacement tons for vessels assessed
on displacement tonnage.)


Table 12.-Traffic by Months-Fiscal Years 1968 and 1967


Number of Panama Canal
transits net tonnage


1967-68 1966 -67
July------------- 1,177 1,039
August-...-------. 1,117 1,008
September---- 1,023 988
October --------- 1,048 1,005
November ------.... 1,041 985
December-..-..- 1,100 987
January --.----- 1,094 1,043
February--------........ 1,055 968
March---------- 1,132 1,079
April............ 1,132 1,094
May -------------.... 1,168 1,128
June...-------- 1,112 1,088

Total ..... 13,199 12,412
Average per month 1,100 1,034


1967-68
8,538,614
7,751,144
7,295,441
7,759,759
7,712,786
8,239,960
7,956,063
7,647,149
8,070,108
8,380,820
8,600,288
8,516,711

96,487,843
8,040,654


1966-67
7,132,524
7,351,018
6,958,306
7,053,937
6,955,559
6,973,795
7,240,372
6,932,996
7,835,490
7,886,986
8,097,824
7,847,506

88,266,343
7,355,438


Long tons of cargo


1967-68
8,377,549
7,842,849
7,179,421
7,874,353
7,395,513
8,266,618
7,969,242
7,067,167
8,091,245
8,328,578
8,691,244
8,666,386

96,550,165
8,045,847


1906-67
7,071,081
7,479,839
6,780,147
6,961,904
6,549,291
6,744,325
7,012,821
6,929,472
7,909,287
7,136,036
7,777,911
7,841,316

86,193,430
7,182,786


Tolls

1967-68 1966-67
$7,399,917 $6,205,197
6,750,893 6,392,171
6,368,725 6,056,746
6,753,738 6,157,127
6,672,439 6,028,045
7,132,819 6,083,532
6,915,807 6,318,474
6,685,906 6,048,669
7,026,920 6,830,732
7,300,821 6,822,645
7.492,786 7,005,053
7,405,291 6,820,212

$83,907,062 176,768,605
6,992,255 6,397,384


NOTE.-The above includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500
displacement tons and over on vessels paying tails on a displacement tonnage basis. Statistics on these vessels, except as
relates to displacement tonnage, have been included in the table above.







44 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 13.-Canal Traffic' by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968

Measured Tonnage

Panama Long
Number of Canal Registered Tons of
Flag Transits Net Gross Tolls Cargo
Argentina .------ 17 99,650 130,953 $88,493 75,050
Australia ----------- .---- 2 -- 2,967
Belgium _.______ 109 530,608 600,511 438,191 275,042
Brazil __._.___ __ 15 86,736 102,923 76,630 95,334
Bulgaria ._____. __________ 11 93,298 117,322 77,435 96,288
Burundi ___ 3 17,360 24,225 14,576 15,300
Canada __ ______ ---------------------_ 14 11,998 16,914 16,476 215
Chile ____ ___ 114 776,182 981,583 692,188 691,186
Colombia _____________ 202 1,144,315 1,409,078 1,028,573 433,024
Cuba ___ 31 219,398 294,698 197,458 331,805
Cyprus______ _____ 21 134,972 174,359 111,069 132,205
Czechoslovakia-------------- 7 96,483 118,969 86,835 155,608
Denmark ______________ 434 2,770,233 3,042,369 2,469,982 2,538,773
East Germany_ ---------------- 13 63,680 76,618 52,298 33,694
Ecuador --_____________..._ 161 321,460 436,652 282,783 169,308
Finland ______ ___ 38 277,480 310,323 242,423 216,472
France _______ _____ 204 1,100,709 1,489,523 1,035,916 1,015,648
Greece______ _---___ 444 3,721,763 4,750,961 3,222,731 4,467,674
Honduras --._ 199 269,768 439,230 226,713 116,047
India___ ----------------------- 31 422,604 555,304 350,553 409,645
Indonesia __ 5 17,116 20,401 14,509 2,910
Ireland ---------------------___ __ 20 62,126 88,569 55,913 73,521
Israel -________ 113 647,796 796,884 567,349 632,923
Italy -___ ______------- 252 2,054,243 2,716,270 1,804,576 1,881,085
Japan -- ___ __- 1,036 7,701,053 10,333,112 6,830,144 8,191,057
Lebanon __ __ 5 29,156 40,287 24,087 30,750
Liberia -----------------.--- 1,543 16,429,863 20,681,349 14,058,249 21,253,720
Mexico _______ 58 272,774 349,307 222,383 177,468
Netherlands ------------------...._____ __ 469 2,288,718 3,014,627 1,994,012 2,014,299
Nicaragua -- ______ 74 183,240 181,274 163,095 118,874
Norway -- 1,498 13,949,573 18,209,218 12,136,400 16,409,131
Panama ______ __ 519 2,702,916 3,458,573 2,251,921 2,779,659
Peru ---------------------- 170 748,125 943,621 662,351 780,694
Philippines ------------------__ ____ 94 641,142 923,548 577,803 413,567
Poland __ __ 36 276,561 314,607 248,905 366,385
Republic of China (Formosa) -- 107 720,215 936,315 639,390 735,947
Rumania-------------------- 2 15,044 27,472 13,540 36,082
Somalia-------------------- 1 5,004 5,059 4,504 6,114
South Korea -----------------__ ____ 40 219,831 281,317 189,557 171,861
Spain --------------------____ --- 24 95,638 116,458 84,153 102,653
Sweden__------------------- 466 3,394,075 4,596,629 2,955,366 3,036,687
Switzerland _____---------------- 74 179,345 215,839 152,693 98,487
Thailand-_ _______ 5 37,451 45,557 33,706 39,174
United Kingdom --------------______ 1,453 11,358,412 15,223,562 9,979,719 11,363,599
United States _-_- 1,647 13,008,852 15,405,087 11,173,704 8,594,846
U.S.S.R.---------------------__ __ 98 435,287 629,746 383,721 572,292
Venezuela ___ 2 1,874 2,870 1,517 1,821
West Germany __--------------- 1,279 6,524,987 6,963,546 5,684,033 4,974,583
Yugoslavia ------------------. 39 328,729 418,874 285,472 421,678
Total Fiscal Year 1968--- -- 13,199 96,487,843 122,012,493 $83,907,062 96,550,165
Fiscal Year 1967 -- -- 12,412 88,266,343 112,216,244 76,768,605 86,193,430
Fiscal Year 1966 -- 11,925 78,912,824 100,762,225 69,095,129 81,703,514
1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over Panama Canal measurement,
or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges,
warships, etc.).
NoTE.-In Canal traffic statistics, foreign naval vessels such as transports, supply ships, tankers,
etc., with a measurement of 300 net tons (Panama Canal measurement) and over, and vessels
of war, dredges, etc., with a displacement of 500 tons and over are classified as oceangoing com-
meroial vessels. Statistics on these vessels, except as relates to displacement tonnage, have been
included in the table above. As displacement tonnage cannot be combined with net tonnage the
following table shows statistics covering 57 vessels which transited the Canal during fiscal year 1968
and paid tolls on displacement tonnage:







PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 13.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968-Cont.


Australia -- -----
Canada---------------
--.do- -------------------
do
Chile
Ecuador---- ----
France -
-- do -
Japan -- ---------------.--
Mexico -----------------------
Philippines -------
Republic of China (Formosa) -- ----
United Kingdom
United States .---------------
Total________


Naval -
Icebreaker ----
Dredge -
Naval -----
do ---
-- do-
--do .
Drydock ----
Naval ----

do-
--- do--------
- do._----
Dredge _


Number Displace-
of ment
transits tonnage
2 5,934
1 7,550
1 2,650
1 2,700
2 6,860
3 6,146
....- 24 132,604
1 1,544
8 18,662
2 3,030
1 1,550
1 2,550
7 25,324
3 3,307
-- 57 220,411 $


Tolls
$2,967
3,775
1,325
1,350
3,430
3,073
66,302
772
9,331
1,515
775
1,275
12,662
1,654
$110,206









Table 14.-Classification of Canal Traffic1 by Type of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1968


Type of Vessel
CARGO AND CARGO PASSENGER SHIPS:
Combination carriers:
Number of transits ------------------------------------ .... .... ....-. ..
Panama Canal net tonnage ...
Tolls-------. --. ................................................... .. .
Cargo (long tons) ...............................----..........................
Container cargo ships:
Number of transits -------------------------.. --.......--- ---- ---------------
Panama Canal net tonnage---- -----------------------------------------
Tolls --.... ---- ......... .. ..............-............. ..........
Cargo (long tons) ---- ---------- .-... - -----.. --- - -....- .
Dry bulk carriers:
Number of transits --------------------------------------------.... __.... .....
Panama Canal net tonnage ----------------....... .........
Tolls .--.. -----. ------ --..-...--- -- .- ...-- ..-- ..- .. ............
Cargo (long tons)--...............................................----------------------------------
General cargo ships:
Number of transits ---. ---------------..---. ----------------- --- ----------.
Panama Canal net tonnage ........----------------.--------------- --......
Tolls ----- - -------- --.-- -- --...... ...... ... .... .- ... .. ......
Cargo (long tons) -. ..- .-.-----.. . ....-. ..--- ..-- ..... .........
Ore ships:
Number of transits- ---.. ..-.--- -- ..- .. ..- .... -----.---....
Panama Canal net tonnage --- ----
Tolls -------.---------------------------------- ...
Cargo (long tons)------ ..----- --- ---.........................................
Passenger ships:0
Number of transits------------------------------------------ --- --...... .....-..
Panama Canal net tonnage------.....----------------------.-------------. ......... ...
Tolls --- --- ----.. ..... .............. .
Cargo (long tons) ---- -----------.. ... .... .......--------------.......-
Refrigerated cargo ships:
Number of transits -----.-------......__--.-....._ ...._ .._.._--------------------
Panama Canal net tonnage -- ---
Tolls.........--- .................................... ..
Cargo (long tons) -------. --..- ----------------------.... ... -..
Tank ships:
Number of transits--------------..----...-.................... .............
Panama Canal net tonnage-------------- - -------............................
Tolls ---- -.------.---- - --...-..............- .......
Cargo (long tons)------------. ---.-----.-- ... .
OTERn TyPE SHIPS:
Naval vessels:
Number of transits.. ----------------------.--.------._-_ --...--__ _.............
Displacement tonnage -------.----------.-.- ...... ..---..-----
Tolls ---------- ------ --... ....... ...... .......


Laden Ballast


Atlantic to
Pacific
67
1,506,146
$1,355,531
2,626,075

30
225,372
$202,835
135,083

865
11,678,073
$10,510,266
21,560,530


Pacific to
Atlantic
25
296,211
$266,590
523,327

25
180,030
$162,027
127,484

629
7,155,799
36,440,219
12,333,781


3,377 3,071
21,136,972 18,867,356
S19,023,275 $16,980,620
20,330,875 16,850,347


10
145,686
$131,118
261,621

142
1,438,448
$1,294,603
292,511


6
84,227
875,804
167,094

165
1,770,395
$1,593,356
536,779


Total
92
1,802,357
$1,622,121
3,149,402


Atlantic to
Pacific
3
113,475
$81,702


Pacific to
Atlantic Total
19 22
349,945 463,420
$251,960 $333,662


55 ----
405,402 .........
$364,862 -------...
262,567 ---. --


Grand
Total
114
2,265,777
81,955,783
3,149,402

55
405,402
$364,862
262,567


1,494 6 284 290 1,784
18,833,872 106,813 4,346,394 4,453,207 23,287,079
$16,950,485 $76,905 $3,129,404 $3,206,309 $20,156,794
33,894,311 --------- --------- ---....-- 33,394,311

6,448 163 236 399 6,847
40,004,328 664,082 1,531,014 2,195,096 42,199,424
$36,003,895 $478,139 $1,102,330 81,580,469 $37,584,364
37,181,222 .........--------.-----...--....----. ..---------- 37,181,222


16 -----....
229,913 -...-.
S206,922 ------
428,715 ------


307
3,208,843
$2,887,959
829,290


1 1
11,989 11,989
S8,632 $8,632
- - - - - - - --. .


1 -.-.----.--
1,009 ------
$726 -...........
- - - - - - - -


332 974 1,306 493
1,113,639 3,597,749 4,711,388 1,521,507
$1,002,275 $3,237,974 $4,240,249 $1,095,485
461,581 2,234,810 2,696,391 ----------


976
8,553,591
$7,698,232
15,598,525


156
1,537,092
$1,383,383
2,343,217


1,132
10,090,683
89,081,615
17,941,742


27
192,542
$138,630
----------


1
1,009
$726
-----------


27 520
62,541 1,584,048
$45,030 $1,140,515
- - - - - - - --. _


871
7,814,802
$5,626,657
----------


898
8,007,344
$5,765,287
-----------


17 d
241,902 |
$215,554 3
428,715 0

308 i-3
3,209 ,852
$2,888,685 >'
829,290 Z

1,826
6,295,436 -3
$5,380,764 >
2,696,391

2,030
18,098,027
814,846,902 0
17,941,742 >


29 22 51 51 U
127,245 78,114 205,359 205,359 >
$63,623 $39,057 S102,680 $102,680







Other type vessels:
Number of transits ------ ------------------------------ ---------- -------- -----.--... ----- .5 1 6 6
Displacement tonnage -----.................----------------- 14,071 981 15,052 15,052
Tolls-----------..---------..---------------------------------------..---------------------........... ........... $7,036 $490 $7,526 $7,526
Tugs, yachts, etc.:
Number of traits ----------------------- ---........................... 65 29 04 22 45 67 161
Panama Canal net tonnage -------------------------------------------- 188,294 111,639 299,933 35,222 149,789 185,011 494,944
Tolls -.... ----------- --- --.. $169,465 $100,475 $269,940 $25,360 $107,848 $133,208 $403,148
Cargo (long toil------------s) --- -------------------------------------------- 93,318 73,207 166,525 .......... ........... ........... 166,525
SUMMARy:
Total cargo and cargo passenger ships:
Number of transit ..------- -------..........................................-......--.. 5,7099 5,051 10,850 693 1,438 2,131 12,081
Panama Canal net tonnage ..---...............................--------............... 45,797,927 33,488,859 79,286,786 2,599,428 14,116,685 16,716,113 96,002,899
Tolls -----------------------..-------------- -------.. $41,218,135 $30,139,973 71,358,108 $1,871,587 $10,164,013 $12,035,600 $83,393,708
Cargo (long tons)-..--..-----.. ....---------------------- 61,266,801 35,116,839 96,383,640 ---------- ----------- ---------........-- 96,383,640
Total other type ships:
Number of transits --------------------------------------- 65 29 94 56 68 124 218
Panama Canal net tonnage...------------------------------------------------------.............. 188,294 111,639 299,933 35,222 149,789 185,011 484,944
Displacement tonnage------------------------------------------------------... ---------------------------------........... 141,316 79,095 220,411 220,411
Tolls -. -------------. -------------------------...- $.............169,465 $100,475 $269,940 $96,019 $147,395 $243,414 $513,354
Cargo (long tons).....----------------------------. 93,318 73,207 166,525 --.--..- ------ ---------- 166,525
Grand total ships:
Number of transits----------------------.-------------------------- ------------- 5,864 5,080 10,944 749 1,506 2,255 13,199
Panama Canal net tonnage............................. ...----------------------------- 45,986,221 33,600,498 79,586,719 2,634,650 14,266,474 16,901,124 96,487,843
Displacement tonnage---------------.-... .... -- ---- ----- --.. ........... .....---. 141,316 79,095 220,411 220,411
Tolls--.. -------------------------------------------------------------... $41,387,600 30,240,448 $71,628,048 $1,967,606 $10,311,408 $12,279,014 $83,907,062
Cargo (long tons)...--- .. .. ------ ------- ----- ---- 61,360,119 35,190,046 96,550,165 ---------- -------- --------...... 96,550,165
I Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over (Panama Canal measurement) for vessels paying tolls on net tonnage basis, or of 500 displacement tons and over for vessels paying on
displacement tonnage.
2 Vessels certificated for more than 12 passengers.
1 Vessels certificated for 12 passengers or less, or without passenger accommodations.







48 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 15.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel

Fiscal Year 1968

Laden Ballast

Number Panama Number Panama
of Canal net of Canal net
Flag transits tonnage Tolls transits tonnage Tolls
Argentina------- 16 93,030 $83,727 1 6,620 $4,766
Belgium -------- 67 311,965 280,768 42 218,643 157,423
Brazil --------------- 13 78,780 70,902 2 7,956 5,728
Bulgaria.------- 7 57,006 51,305 4 36,292 26,130
Burundi ------- 2 11,538 10,384 1 5,822 4,192
Canada-- 7 7,710 6,939 4 4,288 3,087
Chile ---------------- 105 721,705 649,535 7 54,477 39,223
Colombia------- 196 1,137,036 1,023,332 6 7,279 5,241
Cuba --------- 31 219,398 197,458
Cyprus ------- 12 77,161 69,445 9 57,811 41,624
Czechoslovakia ------ 7 96,483 86,835
Denmark ------- 407 2,641,188 2,377,069 27 129,045 92,912
East Germany --- 7 35,824 32,242 6 27,856 20,056
Ecuador ------ 95 268,106 241,295 63 53,354 38,415
Finland -------- 33 236,872 213,185 5 40,608 29,238
France ----- --- 152 979,615 881,653 27 121,094 87,188
Greece ---------------. 374 3,017,008 2,715,307 70 704,755 507,424
Honduras ------------ 114 180,443 162,399 85 89,325 64,314
India ---------------- 20 257,103 231,393 11 165,501 119,161
Indonesia ------------ 3 12,140 10,926 2 4,976 3,583
Ireland -------- 20 62,126 55,913
Israel --------- 95 560,755 504,680 18 87,041 62,669
Italy ---------------- 222 1,808,450 1,627,605 30 245,793 176,971
Japan --------------- 977 7,089,197 6,380,277 51 611,856 440,536
Lebanon --- -- 3 17,195 15,476 2 11,961 8,612
Liberia -------- 1,192 12,381,930 11,143,737 351 4,047,933 2,914,512
Mexico -------------- 36 135,948 122,353 20 136,826 98,515
Netherlands ------ 384 1,922,973 1,730,676 85 365,745 263,336
Nicaragua --- ---- 70 173,122 155,810 4 10,118 7,285
Norway -------------- 1,272 11,626,150 10,463,535 226 2,323,423 1,672,865
Panama-------------- 319 1,699,008 1,529,107 200 1,003,908 722,814
Peru .--------- 163 687,227 618,504 7 60,898 43,847
Philippines ------ 93 641,142 577,028
Poland -------- 36 276,561 248,905
Republica of China
(Formosa)----- 99 664,225 597,803 7 55,990 40,313
Rumania ---------- 2 15,044 13,540
Somalia --------- 1 5,004 4,504
South Korea ---------- 31 173,768 156,391 9 46,063 33,165
Spain -------- 21 84,962 76,466 3 10,676 7,687
Sweden ------- 403 2,842,400 2,558,160 63 551,675 397,206
Switzerland---- 43 130,916 117,824 31 48,429 34,869
Thailand -_ --- - 5 37,451 33,706 -- --
United Kingdom. -- 1,243 9,938,891 8,945,002 203 1,419,521 1,022,055
United States --.--- 1,368 10,031,537 9,028,383 276 2,977,315 2,143,667
U.S.S.R.------ --- 80 390,634 351,571 18 44,653 32,150
Venezuela ------------ 1 937 843 1 937 675
West Germany -- 1,064 5,478,017 4,930,215 215 1,046,970 753,818
Yugoslavia ------ -- 33 271,038 243,934 6 57,691 41,537
Total FY 1968 .---- 10,944 79,586,719 $71,628,047 2,198 16,901,124 $12,168,809
FY 1967 ---- 10,314 72,965,092 65,668,583 2,025 15,301,251 11,016,901
FY 1966 ---- 10,009 67,604,720 60,844,248 1,850 11,308,104 8,141,835
NoTE.-Above table involves only commercial vessels of 300 net tons or over, Panama Canal
measurement.





Table 16.-Frequency of Transits1 of Vessels Through Panama Canal-Fiscal Year 1968


Flag
Argentina ...------------------
Australia .--------------------..
Belgium ._------------------
Brazil .- ---. -..--------------
Bulgaria.----------------------
Burundi .---------------------
Canada -----------------------
Chile --------------------
Colombia --------------------
Cuba ...-- ------------
Cyprus .--- ------------------..
Czechoslovakia---------------.-
Denmark -----------------
East Germany ---------------
Ecuador -... .--------------
Finland --------------------
France ------------------------
Greece----------.-----------
Honduras.--------------------
India--.---------- ---
Indonesia------------------
Ireland ....................----------------
Israel ..-----.-- ------------
Italy .--------------------
Japan--__.....................------------
Lebanon---------------------
Liberia-----------------------
Mexico -----. ----------------
Netherlands .--------------
Nicaragua---------------------
Norway .--.--- -------- -------
Panama ---------------------
Peru ----------..---------
Philippines --------------
Poland ---._-...----.------
Republic of China (Formosa) -.-
Rumania ......------------------
Somalia ...- --- ------------
South Korea-..---------------
Spain-----...------------
Sweden ---..---------------
Switzerland-..-..---------------
Thailand.................-------------
United Kingdom -------------
United States ...............------------
U.S.S.R....-----------------
Venezuela...------------------
West Germany --....-----.-------
Yugoslavia...-------------------

Total, fiscal year-
1968 ----------------
1967............----------
1966 --- .---------.--


Number of vessels making indicated number of transit
7 8 9 10 11 12 18 14 1 16 17 18
S- 3 - ... ...- ...-. - --- --- ---


-- --- --- -- ---



2 3 -- -- 3 2 ... 3 ... 2



I 4 2 1 --- -- --- --- --..--- --- --- --

S--- -- --- --- -- -- -- -- ---

2 1 3
2-- --- --- --..- --- ... -- --- ---.. --
- -... -- --- -- --- --- -- -







1 1 2 .. ..- --- - -- 1- ---
1 ... .. -- --- .. -- --- .



2 --- ---1 -- --- --- --- -- - -
2 9 .-- 1 2- -- --- --- ..



2 6---- 1 ---

12 7 1 2- 1 2 2 -- --- 1 1---
2 1 2 2 1 2 1 ... 1.. 2

S------ --- --- --- ---.
1 --- --- --- -- -- -- --- --- --- ---
--- -- -- --. --- --- -.-- --


S 7 9 1 2 ... --- ... ...---











15 9 8 4 2 9 6 6 3 4 3 2

6 -- 7 I - -- --- ~- -- -
-- -- --- -- -- --- --- --- --- --- --- --







-- ---. -- .--. -.- .- -. -- .-- ..-- .--- .--


S5 26


19 20


-_ 1


1 2 ..













-- -- i--



"3 --- 1-


1,361 977 460 403 219 200 101 76 27 33 25 23 15 15 8 16 8 8 6 5 2
1,009 854 355 360 202 230 122 93 20 31 24 16 29 16 3 10 11 10 3 6 3
1,052 b58 372 357 185 218 105 55 28 32 19 18 8 7 6 8 14 11 9 9 5


28 SO 31


- ...--


- -- --
- '- >




--- --- n




--- ---w
S- l








-: ::: H
H: : -

nf


3 1 1 2 1 ... ---
4 1 ...- ...- 4 2 1
4 1 2 ..- 2 1 -..




Number of vessels making indicated number of transit


Argentina ..................-----------
Australia...................-------
Belgium.-----..... ..---......
Brazil-..--...----..--....-------
Bulgaria --.....--- ..---------
Burundi----------....----.....----....---
Canada....................----
Chile .....................-----
Colombia ------...-----.------
Cuba .-------..--..--..--
Cyprus..............-------......
Czechoslovakia .---------------
Denmark -.- ....----.--.--
East Germany ...............-----------------
Ecuador ...................
Finland ...................--
France----....................-----------...
Greece--.....................-------------------
Honduras -------------------
India .....................
Indonesia..................-------------------
Ireland ...................
Israel --...................-.
Italy ......................
Japan..........-...-........--
Lebanon ...__. -
Liberia............-----........----
Mexico -------. -------- --.- -
Netherlands._.. .......
Nicaragua..................-------------
Norway.. .............--
Panama----............ .......
Peru-------..-------- -
Philippines ---------------................----
Poland ......................
Republic of China (Formosa) --.
Rumania ---..-____-.-_--___ -
Somalia ------------ --...__...
South Korea...............---------------
Spain .-...._- _..._-...........
Sweden .....-._.............
Switzerland ..............- --------------
Thailand..--.........-........
United Kingdom.......-------------.....
United States ---...............---------
U.S.S.R --.-...................
Venezucla ..................---------------------
West Germany..............
Yugoslavia .................

Total fiscal year-
1968 -------......-- ..
1967..................-------
1960-----------..................


8S 33 34 85 37 88


SO 40

_ ...
. ..
... ...
... ...
.. _ _
.. _ _
..
.. ...


48 43









































1 1


S--- -- -- --- --- ..
3 ..- 2 ..-- -...- -...- -.. 1 2
1 1 1 2 1 ..- 2 ... ...


61 5














'.'. ..I















1 .1
1 .


05 90 95












1. __


1 .


1 ... ...- I 1 1 ---..

2 1 -


Total
126 ships
7
_. 2
...-- 17
9
_ 4
2
.._ 8
.-- 17
--- 21
.-- 14
... 14

S 3
.-- 138
.-- 4
--. 10
--- 13
-- 81
--- 200
1 12
--. 24
2
-._ 8
--- 37
_-. 83
... 347
5
528
--- 23
-- 137
_._ 4
_-_ 500
--- 94
-.- 24
..- 20
___ 12
--- 42
2
1__
.._ 14
--_ 13
--_ 138
S 9
2
542
414
-.. 82
. 1
300
-_- 21


1 1 ... 1
... ... 1 ....
I _ .-


Total Transits
transit per ship
17 2.43
2 1.00
109 6.41
15 1.67
11 2.75
3 1.50
14 1.75
114 6.71
202 9.62
31 2.07
21 1.50
7 2.33
434 3.14
13 3.25
161 16.10
38 2.92
204 2.52
444 2.22
199 16.58
31 1.29
5 2.50
20 2.50
113 3.05
252 3.04
1,036 2.99
5 1.00
1,543 2.92
58 2.52
469 3.42
74 18.50
1,498 3.00
519 5.52
170 7.08
94 4.70
36 3.00
107 2.55
2 1.00
1 1.00
40 2.86
24 1.85
466 3.3S
74 8.22
5 2.50
1,453 2.68
1,647 3.9S
98 1.20
2 1.00
1,279 4.26
39 1.86


13,199 3.20
12,412 3.62
11,925 3.51


1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges warships. etc.),




Table 17-Segregation of Transitsi by Registered Gross Tonnage-Fiscal Year 1968
Average gross
9,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 16,000 20,009 30,000 40,000 Registered tonnage pr vessel
Under to to to to to to to to and gross
Nationality ,000 8,999 5,999 7,999 9,999 14,000 19,999 9,999 89,999 owsr Totali tonnage 1968 1967
Argentina........................---------------...-------- --- - 1 13 3 ---------------------- -------- --------.... 17 130,953 7,703 6,933
Belgium-------------------------- 12 2 86 ----..........---. 5 3 1 ------ .... 109 600,511 5,509 7,646
Brazil-----......------------------........ -----...-..--.--..........--------.... 12 --- ..... .. ---- --..... 2 -------- -------- 14 102,923 7,352 -
Bulgaria-----------------------.......... ------........ ..-- ----.........-------- 5 6 ..----- --... 11 117,322 10,666 9,364
Burundi.....--------------------------------- ------......--........--........ 1 2 ........ ----- ---.-. ---.. -. ... 3 24,225 8,075 7,909
Canada---.----.....................----------------.---... 10 1 -------------------- --...........---- 11 16,914 1,538 ---
Chile-.....................-----..... ---------------- 5 2 17 -.......- 15 60 ------ -. -...--..-- ---- 99 864,063 8,728 9,182
Colombia--.............-..........------------- 17 7 104 ------- -------- 72 .----------------------- -------- 200 1,409,178 7,046 6,569
Cuba---------------------..................------ ..--------... ---------.....----... ...-------...-. 31 --. --- --.. ........ ........ ------- 31 294,698 9,506 8,670
Cyprus--.--...............---------- ...-- ....------------------........ 2 -- 6 7 6 .----- .. .-... --.- 21 174,359 8,303 7,438
Czechoslovakia---....----..---------- -- --- -- .. .... ..... --........ 1 5 1 2------- - 7 118,969 16,996 24,344
Denmark--........----...........-------------------.... 15 35 160 109 46 48 6 15 -------.. ------- 434 3,042,369 7,010 7,516
East Germany.--............---....---... ..------- -..------... 10 ......------- 3 -------- ........ -- --- .--- 13 76,618 5,894 5,180
Ecuador--...------------......... ---........--------... 122 ....... 16 7 ------... 13 ----- ---- --------.... 158 436,652 2,764 4,848
Finland--------------------.......................------ .. ---------------- 2 21 8 7 ----------.........-------------- -------- 38 310,323 8,166 6,289
France.....-----...--......-..-----------........... 1 5 54 38 42 22 ---.- 10 --- 2 174 1,497,380 8,606 6,559
Greece-----.. ----------.-----..-------... 14 33 24 57 97 131 69 18 1 -- 444 4,750,961 10,700 10,375 '-j
Honduras ....------------------------........ 132 30 6 31 ------ ---..--- ........ ...... ... 199 439,230 2,207 2,231
India ------------------ -------------.--. ------------- 1 7 1 2 20 ........ ------- 31 555,304 17,913 19,083 Z
Indonesia--........................----------------------........--------. 4 --1 ........------------------------ ------- --------------- 5 20,401 4,080 7,230 >
Ireland--..--......------..........---------........ 12 ....... 1 2 3 2 .. 20 88,569 4,428 7,147 Z
Israel.---------- --------------.. -- 18 4 39 17 16 12 3 1 3 -------- 113 796,884 7,052 6,782 fl
Italy ----------------------------- I 7 10 42 62 93 29 8 ----- ----.--- 252 2,716,270 10,779 10,614
Japan....---------------------------.. 60 27 6 165 551 147 1 23 45 3 1,028 10,333,112 10,052 10,044
Lebanon------------------------- ---... ------ ........ 3 2 ---..-- -----. ---- --- 5 40,287 8,057 7,235 r
Liberia-------------------------- 124 23 47 147 172 478 294 211 44 3 1,543 20,686,349 13,407 12,550
Mexico ---------------------------........22 7 1 3 -------..... 22 ---------------------- --------........ .... 55 349,307 6,351 7,008 J
Netherlands-----------...................--------... 11 12 14 96 56 82 7 20 1 469 3,014,627 6,428 5,820 -0
Nicaragua......-------.---.................---------- ..-----.... --- 74 ......... ------74 181,274 2,450 2,444 0
Norway-----------------------... 54 57 157 157 182 499 212 153 16 11 1,498 18,209,218 12,156 10,996 M
Panama.--.--------.. ----------------..... 278 33 17 16 20 42 85 20 -----.. ---------- 517 3,457,344 6,687 6,540 e.q
Peru.--------------------- -------- 45 19 23 46 26 11 -------- -------- ------- -------- 170 943,621 5,551 5,563
Phlippines------------------.............................--------...--...------..--------------.... 77 16 ------------------------............... 93 923,548 9,931 10,348 >
Poland--------------------..........................-- --.........-- ----------.. 24 1 ..... 1 10 ------ ---- 36 314,607 8,739 7,313 Z
Republic of China (Formosa) .......---.....----- 1 8 36 35 26 ------.. ------------------------ 106 936,315 8,833 8,752
Rumania------------------------ ---------------... ---------------- 1 1 ........ ------ --- 2 27,472 13,736 ------
Somalia ---- ---------------------- -------- ------ 1 .. .. .. .. -- --- --- --- 1 5,059 5,059 --- 5
South Korea-----.....-----......----------.....-- 3 ...----- -----........ 25 12 -.--. ----1.. -... ........ ........ 40 281,317 7,033 6,751
Spain---------------------------- 3 7 9 2 2 --- 1 ..---------------- ----..-- 24 116,458 4,852 4,774 >
Sweden -------- ----- ------- 3 3 53 131 143 61 51 21 .. 466 4,596,629 9,864 9,926 -
Switzerland ------------------- 60 ...------- ---.....------. 1 13 ------ ------- ----------------........ ........ 74 215,39 2,917 4,037
Thailand---....... 5 5 45,557 9,111 --H
United Kingdom ------------------ 115 20 47 283 287 478 94 111 1 10 1,446 15,229,562 10,532 10,220
United States....--------------------- 161 52 67 318 423 411 133 63 --- --- 1,628 15,390,565 9,454 9,833 >
U.S.S.R.........---...............-----.. 2 29 12 17 28 10 -------------.......------------------- 98 629,746 6,426 7,866
Venezuela----------............--------------......... 2 .. .. ... ....-- ---- -- --- 2 2,870 1,435 1,012
West Germany--------------------. 125 519 190 251 62 56 68 8 1,279 6,963,546 5,445 5,265 0
Yugoslavia----------......------------....... 1 ...---. 2 5 9 16 3 3 --------.. ------- 39 418,874 10,740 12,229 >
Total fiscal year 1968--....------ 1,598 1,015 1,220 2,049 2,452 2,836 1,077 715 111 29 13,102 121,898,179 9,304 9,093 >
Percent of total...---. ----- 12.2 7.8 9.3 15.6 18.7 21.7 8.2 5.5 .08 .02 100.0
1 Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement.
2 Excludes 57 vessels paying tolls on displacement tonnage basis and 40 transits where no registered gross tonnage was reported.




Table 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal
[Thousands of long tons]
Atlantic to Pacific Pacific to Atlantic
1966 1967 1968 Commodity 1968 1967 1966
293 269 365 Canned and Refrigerated Foods ---------------------------------__-------------__ 3,439 3,463 3,407
211 189 183 Canned Foods -___ -__-__________________ _________-______________-_ 710 795 827
12 12 11 Fish -------------------------------- ----_ -- 139 103 97
5 7 8 Fruit __ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 443 534 532
125 100 87 Milk --- ---------------------------------------- 48 48 48
69 70 77 Other and unclassified --_------------------------------------__ ___------__ __ 80 110 150
82 80 182 Refrigerated Foods ------_-___- __---------- -------.-_ 2,729 2,668 2,580
---- -- 11 Bananas ------__-__.-------_-____---_------___ 1,330 1,364 1,314
17 24 33 Dairy products --------------------------------------------------- 328 306 279
29 23 96 Fish___ ---------------------------------------------------------- 142 126 104
5 5 6 Fruit, excluding bananas ------------------------------------------_ 205 226 300
30 25 28 Meat --------------------------------------------------- --------- 709 635 573 Z
1 3 8 Other and unclassified ----------------__-------------------------____ 15 11 10
1,118 1,261 1,340 Chemicals and Petroleum Chemicals__-______ ____________ 356 463 413 0
N.A. N.A. 230 Caustic soda ___ _______ ___ ______ ____ --------------- 11 N.A. N.A. >
841 1,016 748 Chemicals, unclassified---_--_-----------------------------------------____ _____ 193 330 240 t
277 245 362 Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ________ -------------------------------------- 152 133 173 ,z
6,900 9,077 13,143 Coal and Coke -.--__________-_.___ ______.___________ ._________________ 51 279 250
6,763 7,063 8,347 Grains -------________ _____ _________. _______ __ ___ ____ ______ 1,509 1,356 2,784 0
15 17 26 Barley ------------------------------------------------------------- 407 532 680 -
2,696 2,651 2,831 Corn -----------------------------------------------.. --------------- 124 146 285
486 524 848 Rice --------------------------------------------------------------- _____ __234 123 127
522 509 1,159 Sorghum --------.---------___- _______ ___----------------------- 95 0
2,119 1,977 2,495 Soybeans -----------------------------------------------------------____ ___ 23 18 20 cn
812 1,328 917 Wheat -----.-. -----------.----__-__ __.._...--------_ 692 365 1,441 H
113 57 71 Other and unclassified .________ ________------------------------------ 29 77 231
167 202 218 Lumber and Products -___________------------------ ._________----------- 5,814 5,096 5,368
N.A. N.A. 13 Boards and planks _______________---------------------------------------------------_ 2,350 N.A. N.A.
N.A. N.A. 16 Plywood, veneers, composition board ___ ____ _._..___ _____ 659 N.A. N.A. >
115 151 143 Pulpwood ______- __ ______- -________---__________ __ 973 707 594 r
52 51 46 Other and unclassified-----------------_-------_-------------------------_____ ______ __ 1,832 4,389 4,774 U
1,088 1,170 1,166 Machinery and Equipment -- ____------------------- ____________----------- 398 266 259 >
87 78 131 Agricultural machinery and implements ------------ --------______ 15 3 2 >
452 487 543 Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts ---------------__ ._ -._-- ---__ 112 64 52
N.A. N.A. 148 Construction machinery and equipment --.-_---_--_ _--------_ 31 N.A. N.A.





95
454
1,896
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
989
132

7
164
168
518
4,415
305
1
16
3,639
127
327
3,261
1,480
979
2
101
212
17
85

51
33
1,781
30
16


1
73
54
4,167
59
22


127
46
5,143
43
25


87 113
518 231
2,017 1,839
N.A. 300
N.A. 48
N.A. 377
N.A. 167
N.A. 163
N.A. 784
1,304 1,021
174 179
1 6
7 6
197 274
287 97
638 459
4,235 5,177
184 244
11 7
12 17
3,469 4,228
84 125
475 556
5,631 6,968
1,464 1,825
1,120 1,350
12 58
75 122
48 33
23 13
58 76


Electrical machinery and apparatus ------___-__
Other and unclassified---------- ------- ---- --
Manufactures of Iron and Steel---------------------------------------
Angles, shapes, and sections ----------- ------- -- -- -- --
Nails, tacks, and spikes------------------------------------------
Plates, sheets, and coils------------- -----------------
Tubes, pipes, and fittings-------------------------
Wire, bars, and rods --.-
Other and unclassified--- --------------------------
Minerals, miscellaneous----------------------------- -----------
Asbestos-------------___---------------- --
Borax --------------------- -----------
Infusorial earth-----------------------------------------------
Salt-------------- --------------------
Soda and sodium compounds-
Sulfur -------------------------------------
Nitrates, Phosphates, and Potash---------- --------- ------
Amunmonium compounds -- ---- ----------
Fishmeal ---------
Nitrate of soda ---------------------------
Phosphates-----------------------------
Potash -------------------------------------------
Fertilizers, unclassified -------------- ___ -----------
Ores and Metals -------- ----------
Ores------- ----------------------------------------------
Alumina/bauxite---------------
Chrome--------------------------------------
Copper __ ------------- ---------------
Iron-------------------------------------------------
Lead----------------------------------------
Manganese-------------------------------
Tin--------------------------- -- ----------
Zinc---------------------------------------------------
Other and unclassified--------------
Metals-------------------------------- -----
Aluminum ----------------------
Copper-------------------------------------------------


143
97
4,149
180
96
1,552
244
314
1,763
975
29
354
65
315
17
195
2,906
5
1,700
442
102
644
13
6,015
4,708
409
117
247
3,078
125
47
76
212
397
1,307
68
673


104
95
3,234
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
644
23
289
63
82
16
171
2,465
3
1,287
597
123
439
16
6,541
5,260
136
174
170
3,956
43
35
101
175
416
1,335
67
720


70
135
3,239
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
601
20
276
61

6
238
2,310
27
1,075
715
200
276
17
8,134
6,833
2
333
113
5,622
50
77
67
200
369
1,301
132
638




Table 18.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Atlantic to Pacific Pacific to Atlantic C5
1966 1967 19- 8Commodity
1966 1967 1968 1968 1967 1966
98 463 2,084 Iron --- -_-_--------- __--.-......_____-.._ 48 49 65
4 5 13 Lead ------------------------------------------------------- 200 205 194
1,452 3,441 2,800 Scrap _---------------------------.. ___-_____.._.._ __ _____-_ _--- 25 12 13
153 150 140 Tin, including tinplate --______-----------------------------------------_ 89 73 67
7 7 8 Zinc ------------------------------------------------------__________ 127 152 150
21 20 30 Other and unclassified _______------------------------------------------- 77 57 42
1,329 1,665 1,995 Other Agricultural Commodities ------------,_______ ..________ ---------------- 4,985 4,829 4,656
19 19 60 Beans, edible -----------_______ 50 46 59
49 47 39 Cocoa and cacao beans ________ 50 39 31
92 87 79 Coffee --------_---------........ ._._ ._._._ 468 443 404
7 --- 1 Copra and coconuts ____----------------------------------- 207 190 191
386 503 586 Cotton, raw ____ ________--------------------------------------- 193 250 350 2
1 2 2 Fruit, dried -......... .__ __.__ ______._.____ 89 93 112 >
54 110 139 Molasses --------------------------------------------------------______ ____ 423 564 313 0
14 16 46 Oilseeds --------------------------------------------------------_____161 330 240 5C
2 ______ 1 Peas, dry -------------------------------------------------------- 61 43 50 r
7 6 5 Rubber, raw -_ ____ ___ 149 94 65 M
30 29 36 Skins and hides ----------------------------------------------------_ 81 53 57 t
655 834 989 Sugar__ -----_-__-___--- ----------------------------__________ 2,735 2,470 2,503
13 12 12 Wool,raw --------------------------------------------- 318 214 281 z
14,656 16,060 16,101 Petroleum and Products ---- -- _-_____-----------------__ 1,657 741 1,071 H
149 110 84 Asphalt__ ___ ------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 >
4,874 5,085 5,321 Crude oil ------------------------------------------------------- 651 265 222 0
( (1,800 Diesel oil ------------------------------------ 41) ) cn
4,663 (4,465 (2,672 Fuel oil, residual------------------------- ---------- 301) 83) 311 H
2,272 2,968 2,719 Gasoline ----------- ------- -.. .. ---------------_ 23 28 115 >
N.A. N.A. 1,131 Jet fuel ....----- -----..---------. -.------------- ----- ___ N.A. N.A. 5
1,324 2,068 1,119 Kerosene ---------------------------- -----------------------------------___ 15 13 H
955 1,089 957 Lubricating oil --------------------------------------------------- 124 123 114 n
N.A. N.A. 133 Petroleum coke ------------------------------------- 282 N.A. N.A. >
419 275 165 Other and unclassified --------------------------------- 234 227 290
3,797 4,038 3,680 Miscellaneous ___------------------------------------------------------ 2,936 2,825 2,540 0
38 30 39 Bricks and tile ---------------------------------------------------- 101 60 71 H
319 277 104 Cement___ ____--------------------------------- ------ 45 39 24 >
114 141 182 Clay, fire and china ------------------------------------------------- 15 5 2




281 260 314
119 105 96
45 57 65
99 94 98

1 6 1
72 96 95

507 667 720
11 12 10
115 127 182
91 97 105
64 58 91
55 61 56
67 75 80
1,799 1,875 1,442
46,672 53,992 61,360


Flour, wheat ------------------ 34 38 35
Glass and glassware --------- ---------------------- 61 38 40 z
Groceries, miscellaneous -------------- --- -- ---- ---- 38 34 23 >
Liquors and wines ------------------------------------------ 51 50 56 5
Oil, coconut ---------------- ----------------------------------- 189 163 152 >
Oil, fish-------------------- ------------------------------------ 249 211 69 0
Oil, vegetable --------------- --------------------------------- 27 21 35 >
Oil, whale ----------- --------------------------------- 55 22 8 >
Paper and paper products ------------ -- ---- ---------- 306 293 225 r
Porcelainware ---------------------- ------ ------------- 107 105 112 C
Resin---------------------------- ------------------- 22 19 21 9
Rubber, manufactured ----------------- -- -------- 47 45 43 it
Tallow ------------------ ----------------------------------- -- 21 26 31 >
Textiles ----------------------------- ------------------ 241 211 69 Z
Tobacco and manufactures -------------------------------------------- 25 9 15
All other and unclassified --------------------------- 1,306 1,450 1,390
--- Total ----------- ------------ ------------ ---------- 35,190 32,202 35,032





Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year

1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas 01


To W.C.
To West Coast United States Canada


To West Coast Central America


EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
North Atlantic ports-..........
South Atlantic ports ..--------......
Gulf ports ...........----------.
Great Lakes ports----------.....
United States (other)2.........

Total United States-..........

EAST COAST CANADA ---------- ---.. .-

EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
British Honduras-...--------------
Costa Rica... ---- ..----...
El Salvador ... --------.. ---
Guatemala--------------...............--------
Honduras........--------.. .... ..
Mexico ...---------------------.
Nicaragua ....- ------------------
Panama-.....-....-...- ..------
Central America (other)2 ..........
Cristobal, C.Z. --------------

Total Central America ----------

WEST INDIES:
British West Indies .-
Cuba.------- ...---- ..-
French West Indies --------------.
Haiti and Dominican Republic --.--
Netherland West Indies ....- -- -.-
Puerto Rico------ -------
West Indies (other) ...............


Alaska Hawaii Mainland
--..... 61,321 857,581
------ 2,297 50,069
1,121 40,076 1,975,908


Total
918,902
52,366
2,027,105


-..---- 5,893 50 5,943

1,121 109,587 2,883,608 2,994,316

------- ----.....--- 23.594 23.594


20,025


20,025





143,403


14,603


14,603

113,090


366,566
693


Total West ludies--------..-----........... 143.403 480,349


EUROPE:
Belgium............----------------
Denmark........................--------------
East Germany ---.... .
Finland..--..--..-------....------------
France ...........................
Italy..-.. .. ..------- .......
Netherlands -...............--------------.-----
Norway..----..-...-- ---
Poland ---------------------............
Rumania ------------.---------
Spain-Portual ---.................


221
130

45
80





41


186,831


186,831


Canada

27,502
202,274


229,776

33


221,459


221,459


589,905 702,995 327,837
- - - - -. - - - - .- .- - -


2,877
916,979
265,359
103,936

1,879,056

184,397
18,352

66,596
35,283
71,125
37,806
67,282
2,072

19.397
1.1 2r..


2,877
1,426,948
266,052
103,936

2,502,808


184,618
18,482

66,641
35,283
71,205
37,806
67,282
2,072

19.397
t-in.he.


209
3
30

328,079


49.908
3,036

189
3,209
8,695
8,605
3,460
23

4,208
2.171


Costa
Rica
26,814
1,498
89,324

934

118,570




14,802

1,403
3,201

1,479

10

20,895


1,894


20,861
10


22,765


5,858
49

522

649
12,022
69

366
.".'Q2


El Sal-
vador
6,794
3,589
67,542
141
1,225

79,291


Guate-
mala
88

6,854
1,953


8,895


74

74


808


33,957
1,044


35,809

62,857
1,002

898
382
21,816
17,707


4,180
1.J A


------- -----


3,862 .....


3,862 .....


5,957
24


1
1,951
2,242
1


Nica-
Mexico ragua
2 15,035
--..-- 2,409
4,104 99,903
.-.---- 356
------- 7,555

4,106 125,258


.-- 100,988


-- - 12

--..- 101,000


76,378


76,378


461

10

112

583

6,238


29,426
58

35,722


1,926 38,088 14,233
----. 35 307
- -.-.-- - 627
109
--- 45 3,912
1,650 12,648 9,758
22 ----- -----

..... ----- 936
S----- --- 36
.1 1.. li j


Central
America Balboa
Panama (other)2 C.Z.1
1,627 6,287 10,363
----.-- ---.-- 876
26,785 5,615 82,055
------- 2,487 ---------
329 538 1,827

28,741 14,927 95,121

268 -___ -


------- ------

647 ------
2,140 -.----


177,588 -..---

. ---- -- 320

180,375 320


Total
67,562
8,375
383,042
4,937
12,786

476,702

2.521


-----.--- 14,802

--------- 2,050
------ --- 5,341
------ 101,449

468,083 647,160

2,600 3,128

470,683 773,930


500 764 91,590

----- ------ 15,278


16,112


16,612







10,432


16 152,473
1,273 7,203


2,053 266,544


10,343
38

1,075
73
65
5,455

13

128
2 ll;l


1,321


101,794

15,278

333,0'5
9,588

459,745


139,262
1,455
3,122
565
28,438
73,235
22
92
4,710
1; I





United Kingdom....----------------------- 131 141,636 141,767 105,587 2,317 5,733 593 112 19,473 1,918 --...-----... 2,341 3 32,490
U.S.S.R --------------------------..------------- ----
West Germany...--------------------............ ....... 647 201,787 202,434 23,993 15,352 18,454 4,241 2,914 200 9,002 ....... 5,257 -........-- 55,420
Europe (other)2-................... ------- 107 144,610 144,717 53,415 3,290 11,398 1,446 703 66 5,282 -.---- 13,190 209 35,584
Total............------------...-------..-..------. ....... 1,405 1,030,605 1,032,010 206,499 41,526 144,972 17,498 7,336 70,565 45,636 10,432 40,054 1,533 379,552
EAST COAST SoUTH AMERICA:
Argentina--.....-------......---..---.....---------......... 72 8,790 8,962 162 --.---......-----...... -------52 -.....- 10 ------- -......... ----.... ......... 62
Brazil.............--------------------........---- ------- ------- 62,092 62,092 5,673 .-
Colombia-...--...----------...-------------------....... ..-------. 924 924 ------- 16,108 93 ------ 35 15 4,172 443 618 21 ,107 42,591
Guyana.--........------------------------------------............................. 4,719 4,719 58,857 ..--- -- --..
Netherlands Guiana ...- ..-- - 279,802 279,802 3,034
Venezuela .....---- ......... 76,448 334,769 1,411,260 1,822,477 67,948 21,308 508,035 373,918 ----- 3,500 301,788 -....... 28,138 567,166 1,803,853
South America (other) ....--......................------ 662 662 65 ------- ------ ------ --- ------ ------ --- --.........-- -----
Total South America............. 76,448 334,841 1,768,249 2,179,538 135,739 37,416 508,128 373,970 35 3,525 305,960 443 28,756 588,273 1,846,506
AsIA (Middle East) ................ -....- ....... 8,563 8,563 366 ..
AFRCA- ------....------....... ---....... ..-.... --- 27,645 27,645 15,000 .. -- --.---- ..... -.. -...--- ....- -.....- ..- ..- ..-
Grand total----.-----------....--... --..... 240,997 940,785 7,808,151 8,989,933 975,492 241,172 768,200 404,299 9,164 255,574 515,412 236,603 86,378 1,422,154 3,938,956
PERCENT OF PACIFIC-BouON CARGO ...... 0.39 1.53 12.73 14.65 1.59 0.39 1.26 0.66 ..... 0.42 0.84 0.39 0.14 2.32 6.42
See footnotes at end of table.







Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year

1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To West Coast South America


To Oceania


EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
North Atlantic ports-------------------------------.
South Atlantic ports---------..................... ....
Gulf ports-------------------............... ...........
Great Lakes ports................................. .
United States (other).-----........................---
Total United States................................


South
America
Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru (other)2 Total Australia
311,309 58,244 68,817 95,846 10,226 544,442 181,297
51,000 2,026 76,564 9,931 1,194 140,715 41,174
430,944 85,243 136,241 387,662 35,807 1,075,897 810,0926
2,377 2,373 182 334 6,314 11,580 32,469
23,791 8,580 9,297 27,800 6,930 76,398 67,934
819.421 156,466 291,101 521.573 60.471 1,849.032 1.133,800


British
Oceania
871
1,452


2,323


French
Oceania
970
1,327
1,128
3,425


New Oceania
Zealand (other)2 Total
24,933 6,361 214,432
2,181 6,269 49,624
180,801 34,501 1,029,007
1,536 186 34,191
21,742 100 90,904
231,193 47,417 1,418,158


EAST COAST CANADA-------------------------------------.............-- 14,996 7,879 8,918 36,426 13,356 81,575 213,895 ......-


70 27,384 1,306 242,655


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
British Honduras.----------------------------......-
Costa Rica.------------------------......-..- ... ...
El Salvador ... ------.......-- ...-- ...
Guatemala------------------------------------.....-----..
Honduras...------------.......... ... __.............._.-
Mexico------------- ------a .-----.----------
Nicaragua.-------------------------------.--------....-
Panama ----- -----------------... .-......-.....
Central America (other)2 .................................
Cristobal, C.Z. .--------- ------------- .....-
Total Central America ------........... -...............
WEST INDIES:
British West Indies.------ ...-- ----..- .. .
Cuha... ------- -- ..- ..-- .-- ----
French West Indies -...................................--
Haiti and Dominican Republic-..--------------.------- _..
Netherland West Indies -----..- ---- ..- ....-
Puerto Rico.--...-- ....
West Indies (other)i ------------....---- .... -
Total West Indies ..--................................

EUROPE:
Belgium -----------------..... ....... .................-
Denmark------------------------------------------.....................................--
East Germany-----------.......................................
Finland.----------------------------------- -
France.-------- ------ -----------------------------
Italy---------------- ---.-...-..----....--...
Netherlands ---------------------------.-.- -.. .. -.-.. ...
Norway --------------------------------------
Poland.................................................
Rumania------------------.............----...................


14,227




14,227

24,446


281,058
393

305,897


680
364

856


1,900

1,480

2
3
13

1,498


714

2,579


3,293

1,849

1
62,728
4

64,582


8,262




8,262

7,095

1
272,798
1,980

281,874


2,908




2,908

1

2
20,998
1,752

22,753


680
26,475
3,435


30,590

34,871

6
637,585
4,142

676,604


83,333 3,594 48,365 93,503 28,454 255,249
3,429 262 3,934 1,274 1,331 10,230
3,780 16,773 3,970 13,644 9,803 -47,970
37,000 347 4,015 20,886 6,947 69,195
10,871 2,202 12,485 13,346 6,457 45,361
27,314 4,658 11,106 81,713 13,939 138,630
810 532 1,727 16,935 1,639 21,643
13,240 5,368 1,054 54,980 331 74,973
5,033 ---------....---..-......--- ......-------.. .--.---..... 5,033


672
143,150


20

143,842

294
251




545





1,376
5,406
627


31,694




31,694

2,501


60



2,561

35,790
36
2,323
2,034
8,414
35,968
2,224
28


672
174,844


20

175,536

2,910
500
60



3,470

45,016
36
2,323
200,176
15,374
54,349
2,224
28


115
249




364

7,473


184,929
1,547
10,462





Spain-Portugal---..--------------------------------
Sweden-...------------------------------------.-----
United Kingdom..-----------------------------------
U.S.S.R ------------------------------------------
West Germany----------------- -------------------
Europe (other)' ----------------------------------------
Total Europe..............................------------------------------------
EAST COAST SOUTn AMERICA:
Argentina ........................................----------------------------------------------
Brazil -------------------------------------------
Colombia ----------------.-----------------------
Guyana .-------------------------------------------
Netherlands Guiana --------------------------------
Venezuela....................-------------------...............----------...---------...
South America (other)2 ..................................
Total South America
AsIA (Middle East) ---------------


24,044
7,149
31,917
1,043
66,361
27,641

342,965



2,369
1,350

1,726,209

1,729,928


22,195
1,288
13,272

18,935
8,110
97,536

16,168
2,419
198,622
5,815
2
815

223,841


762 4,216
3,256 6,672
13,088 50,777
------- 25
24,036 53,817
20,630 36,278

146,428 448,066


1,094


622,173

623,267


42
191,667
1,250

770,826
978

964,763


10 61 ...... 71 --------- ----- ------- 926 ......


AFRICA .................---------
Grand total ......--.
PERCENT OF PACIFIC-BouND CARGO
See footnotes at end of table.


..---- 9,842 ---------------- 192 --- 10,034 --------- ------ 1 --.......----- ..-.... 4
---------............. 3,237,276 489,120 1,137,599 2,261,217 256,453 7,381,665 1,556,003 29,501 247,279 795,067 96,544 2,724,394
------ 5.28 0.80 1.85 3.68 0.42 12.03 2.54 0.04 0.41 1,30 0.15 4.44


4,213
6,341
4,948
31,284
26,210

141,797

15
1,273

13,556
324

15,168


55,430
24,706
114,002
1,068
194,433
118,869
1,176,792

16,183
2,461
395,025
2,600
5,815
3,132,766
2,117

3,556,967


33,128
15,000
963
56,500


58

5,415
1,948

7,421


21,071
1,116
3,555
27,178


1,993
7,595
29,420
243,419


875
6,817
322,962
20,438
30,413
468,322


875
6,817
395,032
48,966
72,024
843,24


-58

5,415

34,935


40,408


....... ...... 32,987

-............ 32,978







Table 19.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year

1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued
To Asia Percent
of total
British Philip- Pacific-
EAST COAST NORTH AMERICA: East Hong Indo- North pine South South Thai- Asia Grand bound
United States: Indies China Formosa Kong nesia Japan Korea Islands Russia Korea Vietnam land (other)2 Total Total cargo
North Atlantic ports.....--------- 19,560 ..... 126,152 41,201 26,696 14,153,558 ....... 169,095 ----- 144,123 131,872 42,184 118,049 14,972,490 16,717,831 27.25
South Atlantic ports-----.......---....... 19,169 -....... 15,854 12,765 573 338,889 -- 28,219 ... 30,566 7,518 14,865 9,037 477,455 756,034 1.23
Gulf ports------- 44,290 -....... 428,439 154,058 169,889 8,964,153 --- 313,750 .--- 842,344 743,606 86,471 219,980 11,966,980 16,674,305 27.17
Great Lakes ports --. -- -- 2,626 44 21,809 1,941 132 559,438 --...... 6,430 --- 38,335 38,611 9 34,618 703,993 754,701 1.23
United States (other)2 -....------....----..-. 7,012 --....... 38,449 22,457 15,649 282,588 --.. 47,613 ----... 59,441 48,331 33,877 55,420 610,837 796,868 1.30
Total United States .........-- ------ 92,657 44 630,703 232,422 212,939 24,298,626 ------ 565,107 ------.... 1,114,809 969,938 177,406 437,104 28,731,755 35,699,739 58.18


EAST COAST CANADA-..---.....-.....---..------------.....--. 18,250 ---...... 10,901 16,587 340 526,883 ------ 26,419 1,313 24,246


3 11,003 33,934 669,879 1,020,257 1.66


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
British Honduras --------- ---- --- --- --.. ---.... 2,310 --- --- --- ---- --- --- 202 2,512 2,512 .
Costa Rica ------------------------------------------------------------------- ---- --------- ----- ------ ------- -------- 14,802 0.02
El Salvador ---................ .... .... .... .... .... ...... .... .... ... ..... .... .... .... ... ....
Guatemala ................. .......... .. ...... 4,387 ------- ------------------------------------ 541 4,928 6,978 0.01
Honduras............... --------------------------- ------- ---------------------------- 9,065 ---- ---.................. 9,065 15,758 0.03
Mexico -------------------------....... ------ -------------- .. .. 78,963 .-- -- --- ----- 445 620 80,028 382,796 0.62
N ica ra g u aa - - - - - - - - - - - --. - --.-. - - --. - - --. - - - --. - --. -. - - - .- - - .- - .- - - - .- - - - .- - - - .- - - - .- - - .- .- - - - .- - - - .- - -
Panama .----------------- 12,584 ------- 200 ------ --------- -- ------- ------- 12,784 884,838 1.45
Central America (other)'----------------------------------------- -----0 ------ ------2 ------ ---------------- ------------- 10 10 ----14
Central America (other) 10 _.10 10 ..
Cristobal. C.Z. ....... ----292 40 ---..... 71 ----------------------..-- --- ---5 408 3,556 0.01
Total Central Amerca ------- ... -- ---.... 292 40 ---...... 107,390 --- 200 .. ........-----... 445 1,368 109,735 1,311,250 2.14
WEST INDIES:
British West Indies...--...............------- 1,507 -------------.. 17 ....---- 45,665------ 5 -- -------- -- 5 47,199 1,217,606 1.98
Cuba - ---- ------- 11,503 196,180 .....--------------... 181 643,726 100,247 ....... 68,51 ------------- 1,020,727 1,020,727 1.66
French West Indies .-... ---. 5,206 -------. ...-- ------- 5,206 20,984 0.04
Haiti and Dominican Republic-- ------- 25 ----.... 35,549 -------------- 301------ 5 35,880 38,972 0.06
Netherland West Indies---................-------------------------------...... 1 ..--.... 1,262,164 10,960 ...------------------------------------ 1,273,125 3,670,806 5.98
Puerto Rico ..-----.............. --- ----- --.. ........ 50 .. 199 ---------- --------- 249 280,031 0.46
West Indies (other)2. -----.. -- --- -- ...... ..----- 1,471 -------------------------- ------- ----- ------- 1,471 105,437 0.18
Total West Indies .----------------- 13,010 196,189 ------- 93 181 1,993,980 100,247 10,965 68,881 ......... 301 ---. 10 2,383,857 6,354,563 10.36


EUROPE:
Belgium ---------------------------------- ------ 2,146 289 .......
Denmark ...----------------- ------ ------- ------- ------ ......
East Germany -..-.- -- --.... ..... 1,917 ------ 907 .......
Finland --------------- ------ ---- ---- ---- ----
France --.....-------------------------..... ---- -------....... 12 ...... ......------
Italy. ------ .....-----. --...- 55 ------ 14 97 19
Netherlands----------.............--------........... 1,683 ....--... 1,278 1,505 ----....--
Norway..................................-----------. ....... ....... .......-----
Poland -------.-- ----- ---- --- ----- ..-- ..--- -... ... ... ...----
Rumania ...........---....---- ------- ------- -----................----- ------


57,870 ------ 1,304 .------ 421 ----- ----- 2,284
572 ------------------------------------------- 115
375,825 12,395 --..--... 12,283 --------------- ------- ------
71,093 ----- ----- ----- ------- ----- .---- ------
31,014 ------------ 900 ---........ 40
21,748 -.--. 3 --------------------- ------- 978
452,286 ------ 18,259 --...... 480 --..----- ------- 10,513
18,728 ...------------ ------.. -------- ---- ---- ----
1,048,451 6,485 ------------- --------------------------
216,322 -------... ------------ -------- ------- 1 29


64,314 738,367 1.20
687 33,926 0.06
403,327 403,327 0.66
71,093 191,338 0.31
31,966 340,394 0.55
22,914 191,987 0.32
486,004 798,629 1.30
18,728 113,359 0.18
1,054,936 1,132,124 1.85
216,352 221,385 0.36





Spain-Portugal ------------------------------------- 92 17 ...---- 43,131 ...--------------....... ...----...--....-------.....--- ......---...--- ...-----.... 43,240 127,860 0.21
Sweden ---------------------------------------------- ------------- 29,612-- ---- --............. --- ----.................... ----- 29,612 108,769 0.18
United Kingdom .-------------------- --- 11,948 22,721 ....... 103,567 ...---- 2,359 ------ 2,326 --- ----- 1,487 144,408 933,286 1.52
U.S.S.R --------------------- -------------------------------------------346,670 .....-----....----.... 2,571 ----------------..------------- 349,241 350,309 0.57
West Germany------------------------------------ 3,746 3 -------...... 335,950 ..----- 163 ----.. 510 ------- ------ 2,026 342,398 867,644 1.41
Europe (other)2 ..-.................. 9 ------- 991 200 ..---- 153,557 -...--. 1,644 ---- 1,496 ----- ------ 1,873 159,770 584,379 0.95
Total Europe....--.......-------------- -- 1,747 1,917 20,227 25,739 19 3,306,396 18,880 23,732 14,854 6,133 ------- 1 19,345 3,438,990 7,137,083 11.63
EAST COAST SOUTImI AMERICA:
Argentina - ---------------------------- 28,479 ------. ------- ----- -------- ------- ------- 221 28,700 53,969 0.09
Brazil .................----------------------------------------.... 1 .... 142,394 ------....... 3 ------ -------------- ------ 362 142,770 213,054 0.35
Colombia..----------------------------------- 45 6 401 --...- 20 ----------------------------- 11 483 439,023 0.72
Guyana ....--------------------------- 10,623 ---- ------- 2,121 ---..... 38,253 ---- -- ---- 1 50,998 122,589 0.20
Netherlands Guiana ..................... 984 ---- 5,786 ------------------------------------.------------ 6,770 295,421 0.48
Venezuela ....-------------------------- 1,415 ------------- 12 -- 1,132,380 -- 19,192 -- 5,255 9,543---- 34,680 1,202,477 8,064,456 13.14
South America (other)2 --------------------- ------- ------- 1 --- 3,965 --- --- --- --- --- --- 3,966 6,810 0.01
Total South America------............--------. 12,038 ....... 56 3,124 ------ 1,351,658 ------- 19,215 ....--- 5,255 9,543 .---. 35,275 1,436,164 9,195,322 14.99
AsIA (Middle East)--....--............---------------..----------------------------------- 21,71 ...... 10 ....-.........--------------...-------.....-----..... 81 21,809 31,735 0.05
AFRICA ..................----------------.....---------- 1 ------ -------1 15 --.----.... 557,290 40 -----...... 55 60 -- --------- 29 557,490 610,170 0.99
Grand total -------....-- .......------------... 137,703 198,150 662,179 278,020 213,479 32,163,941 119,167 645,648 85,103 1,150,503 979,785 188,855 527,146 37,349,679 61,360,119
PERCENT OF PACIFIC-BOUND CARGO ---------...... 0.23 0.32 1.08 0.45 0.35 52.42 0.19 1.05 0.14 1.88 1.60 0.30 0.86 60.87 100.00
I Includes both local and transshipped cargo.
2Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.










Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic
During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas


To East Coast United Staltes


WEST COAST NoRTn AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska.............-..-----------..-----------------
Hawaii ----....................--------------------------
Mainland-------------------------------

Total United States a-----------------


North
Atlantic
ports
174,128
929,252

1,103,380


South
Atlantic
ports
10,212
22,399

32,611


Gulf
ports
86,013
245,560
193,536

525,109


Great
Lakes
ports


9
9


United
States
(other),
9,405
48,634

58,039


Total
86,013
439,305
1,193,830

1,719,148


ToE.C.
Canada


Canada

44,728

44,728


To East Coast Central America
Central
Hon- America Cristobal
duras Mexico Panama (other)' C.Z.2 Total
-........ ....... ..- ---- 165 165
6,948 7 6,505 41 135,539 149,040

6,948 7 6,505 41 135,704 149,205


WEST COAST CANADA----------------....--------.........--..-- 1,435,279 42,824 170,225 .....-------. 101,583 1,749,911 2,897 ....---... -------------- ------- 410 410


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica .----.--....--------------------...........
El Salvador ........--....................----------------------...
Guatemala---------------..................-------------------
Honduras -..---------------------------------
Mexico ---------------.--------------------
Nicaragua..--------------------------------
Panama.. -------------------------------
Central America (other) ---------------------
Balboa, C.Z.2 ................................
Total Central America --.......------------------

WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile-------------------------.-----------
Colombia -------------------------------
Ecuador --------------------------------
Peru ---...............------------------....-------------
South America (other)1----------------------

Total South America -----------------------.......

OCEANIA:
Australia----.---...........----------------------
British Oceania..............---------------------------.............--
French Oceania---------------- -......----------
New Zealand-------------------------------
Oceania (other)1 ...- ------------------------
Total Oceania .........----------------------.................


111,006
30,333
347
102
196,761
20,050
59,595
22,389
10,676

451,259

1,455,859
104,535
254,837
868,229
28,994

2,712,454

371,583
11,436
5,653
96,632
699

486,003


9,416
20

214
3,950
13,769
850
208

28,427

41,029
33,565
47,560
104,043
3,566

229,763

51,830

34,806

86,636


82,138
43,753
8,622
833
10,031
49,546
111,869
4,235
4,527
315,554

366,186
135,783
190,760
986,609
28,041

1,707,379

185,655

6,785


192,440


55


79




134




233

233


5,880
6,300

63,316
7,200
17,396
89

100,181

36,771
30,502
5,130
82,970
6,225

161,598

139,478
25,295

16,503

181,276


1,045

52


2



1,099

1,931




1,931


208,440
80,406
8,969
935
270,322
80,746
202,629
27,474
15,500

895,421

1,899,845
304,385
498,287
2,058,969
66,826

4,828,312

788,377
36,731
5,653
154 ,726
699
986,186


5,094


35

5,129

70,788

125
42,483
2,685

116,081


17,118

17,118


39,831




39,831


13




13


778



779


50


50


3,071
10,766
201
964
2,003

17,005

212,412

22,072

234,484


255
40
34
465
666
822

446
11

2,739

2,909
48
9
423
166
3,555

5,106

1,505
30
6,642


1,355
40
34
517
5,852
822
2
446
46

9,114

75,628
826
135
43,139
2,851

122,579

19,545

1,505
30
21,081


14,439 --- -----




14,439 -----...- -.......






ASIA:
British EasrT Indies---.................----------------.--.---..... 59,897 2,542 39,744 13,994 14,562 130,739 3,428 ....... 9,033 .....-- 4 1,309 10,346
China-------... ----------------- -------------------- ------------------.------- ---------------------------------------.---- ------- -------
Formosa-----.......-..........--------...........-----......... 167,830 24,955 54,335 7,774 8,546 263,440 23,824 4 60 ....... 11 514 589
Hong Kong ---------------........ ------------------ 111,084 12,748 13,050 3,407 10,293 150,582 9,116 16 156 ....... 71 2,398 2,641
Indonesia ------------------------------------ 26,031 831 6,116 5,275 1,991 40,244 25 ....... ....... ..... ....-- 18 18
Japan -----------------------...........--............----- 1,707,365 290,246 1,460,571 1,006,054 326,197 4,790,433 127,678 3,953 4,620 22 3,306 25,812 37,713
North Korea--------.........-------...............--------.....------ ..------ ------- ------- --------- -------- ------- ------- ------- ------- --- ..
Philippine Islands----.....-.....----------------......-------...... 710,781 38,947 240,453 1,159 394,189 1,385,529 13,347 ......-----------.......---------......-....---..451 451
Russia ------------------------------------- --------- ------- --------- --------- -------- ---------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- -----
South Korea -----------------------... ....----...... ---.... -- 49,633 20,724 73,297 100 16,618 160,372 194 ............---- -----........ ---10 238 248
Thailand ....--. -------..--------..-------..------------. 3,010 1,906 661 500 1,040 67,117 1,236 ---....... ......--- ------.......--..... ------493 493
Asia (other) .....---------------------------------.... 151,243 27,100 50,829 28,578 31,177 288,927 28,893 153 919 ..... 198 8,191 9,461
Total Asia-...............-----------......------------------...... 3,046,874 419,999 1,939,056 1,066,841 804,613 7,277,383 207,741 4,126 14,788 22 3,600 39,424 61,960
Grand total--....--------------............----...--------... 9,235,249 840,260 4,849,763 1,123,799 1,407,290 17,456,361 506,905 11,441 150,444 9,557 4,433 188,474 364,349
PERCENT OF ATLANTIc-BOUND CAROO--........-----....... 26.24 2.39 13.78 3.19 4.00 49.60 1.44 0.03 0.43 0.03 0.01 0.54 1.04
3 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
Includes both local and transshipped cargo.









Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To West Indies


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
Uoited States:
Alaska...---------.--------.----.---- ------------- -------.
Hawaii ..- -----------.------.. ... .- .....-. _--- ..... ..........--__.--_ .----
Mainland ..... ... ...----------------- ... .....- .. ..-... ..- -..............

Total United States -... ----------------------- ..................

WEST COAST CANADA ..--.....- ...-----------.-.. -.-. -. ... ..--......- ..... .... ...... ____. _

WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica -... -- . -------------- -- ---...- -... -.. -.... --- ----------------- --...
El Salvador ..----.- -----.-----........ --- --....... -.-._.- ...... .....- ............-.
Ouatemala --------------------------------------------.............. ....... ............
Honduras ---- ------------ --. ---..-.-----.- - --.. .. . ... ..-- .. ...
Mexico -------------------------------------------------------------------- -------.-.-...
Nicaragua ----... .-.-.--- ..--.-........ .....------...-- -- .-..
Panama---------------------- --- ---. ---------.--- --- ..--- .. .---- ....--
Central America (other)' ------. ..- --. -----
Balboa, C.Z.2 ...- ....-- ...-- ......--..........-.... .... .... .........................

Total Central America ..... ------------.----- ------------ --- - ----. ---.....

WEST COAST SorTH AMERICA:
Chile--- --------------- -----.. ---...-... -................- ...................
Colombia... --.. ......... ..-- ....... .... .--. ... ........... ... .-......... .
Ecuador ..-....._.._......_ ...... ...... .......... .. ...... .... ........ ....... .....
Peru ..--.....-- --- -- ..... --. -. ...-.-.. ............ .... .
South America (other).. ---------------- ----.----------............. ......- ..... ...

Total South America .-......----- .... ----..- ...- -.....-- ....--.-.......... .... .......

OCEANIA:
Australia -------------------------------------- ------------------ --------- -.. ......
British Oceania ....- ---------------- -----.... ...... --...---. ........ .... .. .
French Oceania ...----------------------------........ ... .-- ...- ....-.... ..... _.....
New Zealand -.-------.- ----.---.---.- ----.. .. --......--.. .........
Oceania (other) -------------------------------------------------------------------------.

Total Oceania ..---------------------------- .. ---------- ...... .--


British
West
Indies Cuba
467 --------.
173,567 ....- .....

174,034 --------

33,914 --.......


Haiti &
Dominican
Republic

5,254

5,254

6,776


---------- -- -- ---------
... 138
1,526 ..------. --....
1,005 --------.- 430

194 ---- 324
156 ---------- 95

2,881 ------- 987


2,234

20,691


22,925


- --- ---- 316
---------- 316


.......... 316


27,061 ..----...


31,987 ..........


--- -83


------......- 83 1,791 154 396,963 458,039


Netherland
West
Indies
309
61,302

61,611

677


Puerto
Rico

~- 220,193

220,193

108,242


---------- 793
2


606 286
--------- 1,142
---.----. 1,058
..------ 2,855
--- ----- 1,571

608 7,705


West
Indies
(other)1


4,398

4,398

613




91




91





159,806
275

160,469


396,962
91






- - -
- - -- -- ---


Total

776
464,714

465,490

150,222


793
2
138
1,526
2,418
1,142
1,059
3,373
1,822

12,272


1,499
2,640
4,271
191,768
40,964

241 ,142


424,023

1
34,015


33
18
8
96
311

466


1,466

4,263
10,859
40,378

56,966


1,791 154----------


59,048






ASIA:
British East Indies ...----- ..-.-- -.--- ---------- -- -----------.- ........ .. .. 187
China .--.------------------------------..---.------...---------..-----.--------------.. --------- 101,468
Formosa ------------------------------.......--....................................-----..- 1,849 -
Hong Kong----------------------------------------..........--------....................------------------------- 6,030 ..-
Indonesia .... -------------------------------------------------------- -- ---------- 4,0 1,0.9
Japan-- --------------------- --------- ---- --------................................- 40,907 11,109
North Korea -....-------------- ---------------------------------------------------------. ---------- 68,992
Philippine Islands ---.--- ------------.- 218 --- ------
lbssia----------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- 3,795
South Korea .................................................---------------------------------------- ...........---------....... 39 7,704
Thailand--..... -- --. -
Asia (other) --------------------------------------------------------------------------...... 4,589 17,066

Total Asia ------------------..--.....------.........-----------------------------------.....----------............ 53,819 290,134

Grand total--.--.-----..............-----------...-------------------------------..-.....------------- 346,621 290,134

PERCENTr op ATLANTic-BoUmND CAROO ----------------- ---------------------. .. 0.98 0.82

1 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.


16
79
279

23,822
888
--------^
3

575

25,662

39,078

0.12


-------- 76
....... 11,494
193 2,850
775 1,227

8,445 56,809


10 953
-- - -- --9-7 ---
967 ~ 2,869

10,390 76,278

75,543 469,538

0.22 1.33


9

196
71
- 10,314





3,507

14,098

576,632

1.64


288 >
112,962 Z
5,167 >
8,382 '


68,992 0
1,106 >
83,795 Z
8,710 >
-------.
29,573

470,381 O

1,797,546 V

5.11 Z
-c








Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To Europe


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska.--------..---
Hawaii ...............
Mainland-...............
Total United States....


Belgium

151,962

151,962


East
Denmark Germany France
---......- ...... "4
26,301 3,074 150,614

26,301 3,074 150,618


Irish
Greece Republic Italy
-_--_--- ---.--- --_-_-_-_--_--

31,825 5,784 361,390

31,825 5,784 361,390


Nether-
lands

680,620

680,620


Norway Poland

15,610 1,054

15,610 1,054


Russia


Spain-
Portugal

62,492

62,492


United
Sweden Kingdom

47,891 191,297

47,891 191,297


WEST COAST CANADA...........---- 139,245 5,725 ...... 83,014 33,516 41,155 382,341 702,732 15,531 34,563 ...... 29,586 7,330 1,689,364 5,737 230,649 361,553 3,761,041


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica-.................
El Salvador -................
Guatemala .................
Honduras...........--.....-
Mexico ------
Nicaragua ---------------.
Panama -------- -...----
Central America (other), ----
Balboa, C.Z.2 -..----......

Total Central America ---.....--
WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile..-- --
Colombia ------
Ecuador ---. ---
Peru ...---..- ..-....
South America (other)' -----

Total South America....-----

OCEANIA:
Australia ------.--..- ...
British Oceania --------..---
French Oceania.--.---.---
New Zealand-------
Oceania (other)'..-- ..-------

Total Oceania-----....


471
3,212
1,709
513
44,611
4,650
2,157

57,323

88,044
3,108
133,669
126,894
28,673

380,388

9,416
1,100
12,136
25,716
299

48,667


1,049
12,973
15,040
46
22,456

3,031

54,595

1,114
1,123
480
16,343
318

19,378

3

341

344


2,681
16,250

18,931


23
29
109
41
8,007
74

1,864

10,147

65,476
14,476
5,906
457,062
9,512

552,432

9,909
25,806
636
95,192
104

131,647


1,498




1,498




7,436

7,436


5,803



5,803


240



240

508

8,670
13,475
1,121

23,774

3,486
1,668



5,154


400
2,661
2,428
835
28,915
2,734
687


38,660

63,269
2,150
102,236
383,758
10,245

561,658

5,952
26,936
84
175
5

33,152


1,114
4,072
3,211
29,057
75,664
5,431
2,335
9,885
1,276

132,045

242,097
4,584
15,691
378,372
36,721

677,465

36,815
45,528
5,890
322
5,831

94,386


94
3,001
7
190

81
----i


3,373

1,138
1,408
163
1,321
345

4,375

38,514
1,380



39,894


8,168

2,549




10,717

11,220
6
4,762
76,265
1,644

93,897

1,696




1,696


15,092
10

15,102


896



896


1,152
364
2,250
305
3,722
2,654
2,194

12,641

54,758
350
1,922
100,774
7,609
165,413


6,918



6,918


2,597
234
4,532

303
1,006
1,207

9,879

40,454
19,682
1,134
29,584
5,855

96,709

11,88S9
1,614

13,

13,504


1
515
19,834
1,655
2,633
1,555
9
1,854
4

28,060

163,805
10,643
1,510
258,568
6,166

440,692

236,513
801,359
228,051
13,101
17,905

1,296,934


West
Germany

459,549

459,549


Europe
(other)i

227,079

227,079


Total

4
2,423,752

2,423,756


1,750
36,412
6,641
19,694
12,806
12,450
2,681
15,293
1,829

109,556

133,071
41,328
361,709
421,969
54,469

1,012,546

23,751
40,813
5,934
263
5,206

75,967


5,103
13,535
7,510
3,602
13,987
6,290
707
7,681

58,415

138,747
48,363
49,956
172,233
14,527

423,826

22,325
39,078
16,437
1,533
4,600

83,973


13,660
82,269
66,265
55,755
194,SS5
59,540
5,732
45,934
3,109

527,149

1,003,701
147,221
709,036
2,524,034
179,305

4,563,297

400,274
998,899
269,168
136,643
33,951

1,838,935





ASIA:
British East Indies..-------
China---- --.-------
Formosa................-------------------
Hong Kong ----............----------
Indonesia ---------------.-
Japan --.................
North Korea .........------------....--
Philippine Islands .-------
Russia---..................---
South Korea..---------------
Thailand.----.------------
Asia (other)'--------------
Total Asia...............---------


10
3,848
397
38O

87,461
157

I5040
926
1,761

95,080


2,985
663

S8,281

966

1436
2,357

15,688


3,623

5,065



8,688


22,239

371



22,610


47,919






47,919


189 --.---
3,901 -----
2,173 -----
381 .---.

90,820 863
3,300 ----
27,687 -----
187 ------
548 -----
282 -..---
5,233 ----


1,488


16,280


134,701 863 --...----. 1,488 16,280


1,412






1,412


Grand total....-..-.......--.... 872,665 122,031 30,693 950,468 82,201 76,107 1,425,120 2,421,949 79,646 141,927 17,486 293,330 176,725 3,782,512 82,255 2,009,792 1,228,683 13,793,590

PERCENT OF ATL.-BoUI Canao 2.48 0.35 0.09 2.70 0.23 0.22 4.05 6.90 0.23 0.40 0.04 0.83 0.50 10.75 0.23 5.71 3.49 39.20
SIncludes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
SIncludes both local and transshipped cargo.


----- ------ 100
...------ ------ 4,914
2,350 ...... 125
1,527 ...... 179
- ----i i ------ --- -----
119,152 .--. 108,494
.------- ---- 500
300 ----..... 1,375
10,921 -.-.-. -----
530 .-. 365
..-------. ---- 803
2,385 33 4,670

137,165 33 121,525


1,400
2,309
207
269

61,298

5,733


2,604

73 ,837


1,699
17,957
5,915
2,736
----------
567,S30
7,423
36,218
16,544
1,583
2,464
19,043

679,412









Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To East Coast South America


To Asia (Middle East)


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska ..--.------------------
Hawaii. -----------------...---- -
Mainland.......................

Total United States -------.......

WEST COAST CANADA----------------------......


Argen-
tina


1,096

1,096


Brazil


11,362

11,362


Colom-
bia


18,149

18,149


Venezuela


127,026

127,026


781 22,610 11,712 95,276


South
America
(other)1 Total

43 43
2,SOS 160,441

2,851 160,484


Israel Lebanon


14,713 3,054

14,713 3,054


705 131,084 54,902 722


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica --..---- ..- --..... ..... --. --_____
El Salvador------------------------..........---..............
Guatemala -------------..-..----- .. ... ...
Honduras.-----------------------o..... ---.....
Mexico-------------------------------- -........
Nicaragua ---------------.- -.. ..........
Panama ----------------------- .-... -- --
Central America (other)' .------.-. ..........
Balboa, C.Z.2............. ............ ....._.. -

Total Central America --------------......-- -----.....

WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile --...----------...----------------------- 3,566
Colombia-.--------------------------. 1,663
Ecuaodr ------------- ..-- ........ 218
Peru -------------...----..-_-_- 3,660
South America (other)--...- ......... ..........

Total South America...------------... 9.107

OCEANIA:
Australia ---.... ...-----------------------------
British Oceania -----. -------....-.. .... ......
French Oceania -----...- ......... .
New Zealand-------------- ---- -.....-.....
Oceania (other)1' -------------... ......

Total Oceania---------------..-..__---- ------- --.


----------


61,591


7,904
459
62
9,586
378

18,389


7,183


56

7,239


466
1,915
----------
11,242
4,601

18,224


849
1
203

24,365
1,969
779

193

28.359


3
58

3,497




3,558


852 -----
59 .----.-
203
96,636 ---.......-
1,969 -----
779

249 0 -0

100,747


3 1 - - -


6
44


81


507



507
----------


10,892 300 23,128 ------..- 5,906
1,923 78 6,038 229 128
150 81 511 419 .------
29,268 2,609 56,365 2,901 81
398 1,074 6,451 .- ----- .........

42,631 4,142 92,493 3,549 6,115


287

2,381
596


3.264


7,958 8,245 -

-... .. 2,381 ..
---------- 596 -


7,958 11,222 __


Syria


49,021

49,021


Middle
East
(other)'



10,381
10,381


Total


77,169

77,169

55,624


---- --- -- 2 33

S .... ......... 507

--------- ---------- 6
.........--------- ----------.......... 44

-_-- ---.. 2 590


------ 120
18 1,622


18 1,742


5,906
357
53M
4,622


11,424



3,105


3,105


3,105


3,105





ASIA:
British East Indies --..--------------------- --------- .......... ........ 3,545 6 3,551
China ......... ----------------............................... .. ........
Formosa--------------------------...-------.................... .......... ......... ........ 42 102 144
Hong Kong ............................... 6 19 34 3 ,897 1,232 5,188
Indonesia....--- ------....-----. --- .
Japan ..-----.......-........... ......... 23,932 48,214 16,659 172,955 17,174 278,934
North Korea.--------------...-------...-- ------- -----...... ...... -....
Philippine Islands.......----------.....----...--.. ------..----... ......-------------------.. 24,710 -------- 24,710
Russia ........ ..... ........ .... ........ ... ...
South Korea....--------------------------....-----------------
Thailand-------------------------------------------------------------- -
Asia (other)'--------------------------.....-...--. ----------.. 7 2,107 5,241 4,576 11,931

Total Asia------------------------------ 23,938 48,240 18,800 210,390 23,090 324,458

Grand total---------------.........------......--------..... 34,922 162,192 74,124 506,946 42,304 820,488

PERCENT OF ATLANTic-BouSD CARGO----------- 0.10 0.46 0.21 1.44 0.12 2.33

1 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated,
2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.


------14 -- 120





---...... --- 14 ........113
- -- - 14 233

73,245 10,412 49,272

0.21 0.03 0.14


15,230

0.04


134




113

247

148,159

0.42








Table 20.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through The Panama Canal from Pacific to Atlantic

During Fiscal Year 1968 Segregated by Countries in Principal Trade Areas-Continued


To Africa


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United States:
Alaska--...................................................
Hawaii..............-----------------------------.. --..
Maioland.. ...........- .......-.-.- ..-........... ..

Total Uoited States ...------...............-----............


Libya

------------
14,197

14,197


Mozambique

-------.----
7,623

7,623


South
Africa

-----------
26,913

26,913


Tunisia

13,832

13,832


WEST COAST CANADA--...-...............--------------. --.. ... ......----.--. 33,641 139,234 ............

WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Costa Rica .-------------------------- ---------------- --------------- ------------ 70 ............
El Salvador n ----------- ----.------------------ ------
Guatemala----- ------------ ---------.---- ------. ---- -----..-.... ....--- ..--.---
Honduras ---......-----------.........------------.---.-- ----.............------ --..............---------. --------.........- -.......---.. -............
Mexico...................---------------------------...................................--- ----------- --------- ---------- -----------
Nicaragua......................---------------------------................ ---------- ------- ---...................................
Panama ---................................-------------------------------------.............. -----------............ -------............ --------............-- ---------............--
Central America (other) --------------------------------------------- -------------- 987 ----.......
Balboa, C.Z.2 ......-..............----------------- ........ ------------ ----....... ----- -..

Total Central America.......--------.-----------------------------------..........---.....-----------. 1,057 .......----------

WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chile.....-....--- --------.- ------- ------ ------ --- ----
Colombia.... ---------------------------------------------- -------------------.. --- 74 ...........
Ecuador-....---------------------------- ---------- ----------------------... 696 ------------
Peru ------------------- ------....................................... ......-...... ---- 70 ----
South America (other)' ---------------------- --..-- -- .... ... .. .------- --------- ---...-...--

Total South America----------....................--------------.------- --..........----------.. ..........----------.. 840 ---............

OCEANIA:
Australia.... ------------------------------------------- --------- -------- ---. ---... .......--
British Oceania.---...--.........--------------- ---...------ -------- -----------
French Oceania----------------- ------------ ------- ..- -- -....-
New Zealand...--....................................................------.......... --...........................
Oceania (other), ------ .---------------- -------------.----- ----------- ---------- --------- -- ------......

Total Oceania--------------- ...------- -............. ...........---- ---


Africa
(other),
------------

14,071

14,071


Total

76,636

76,636


Grand
Total
86,013
440,293
4,590,310

5,116,616


23,334 196,209 6,047,39S


4,064
10,376




14,440

1,094
1,050



2,144


70

4,064
10,376

987


15,497

1,094
1,124
696
70

2,984


Percent of
total Atlantic-
bound cargo
0.25
1.25
13.04

14.54

17.18


225,170 0.64
162,776 0.47
75,642 0.21
62,797 0.18
580,996 1.65
144,219 0.41
210,256 0.60
78,258 0.22
20,726 0.06

1,560,840 4.44


3,013,872
473,357
1,213,676
4,879,931
298,400

9,879,236

1,852,876
1,035,630
277,204
352,662
34,680

3,553,052


8.56
1.35
3.44
13.87
0.85

28.07

5.27
2.94
0.79
1.00
0.10

10.10




ASIA:
British East Indies..-----.-- ..---- ...-.-.-- ----.----. --...---..
China.................-------------....-----....----------------- ----------.........
Formosa---..................................................... ............
Hong Kong---- .... ---........- ------- -------- -----------.
Indonesia.....-- ..----- ......---........... --- .-....-....
Japan....------------------------------------------------------ ---------...............................................
North Korea-..----------------------------------------- ....-..-... .
Philippine Islands--------------------------------------------- ------------..................
Russia-.... ...--.---------.. ---- ----------.-
South Korea---- -----------------.. ------------.. ..---- ........
Thailand----... .......................................--- ------...........
Asia (other)' ... --- ..........................................-

Total Asia.....--..............---------------------------.................. ............


Grand total--------------------------......................------------------.............


1,190
1,190 ---


14,197 41,264


PERCENT OF ATLANTIC-BouND CARGO ...-------------------...................---......... 0.04 0.12
1 Includes cargo for which a specific country in a region or a specific area within a country is not indicated.
2 Includes both local and transshipped cargo.


........ 9,532 9,532




----............- 600 - .1,700
......---------- 10,132 11,322


169,234 13,832 64,121 302,648

0.48 0.04 0.18 0.86


150,051 0.43 >
130,919 0.37 Z
299,079 0.85 >
178,645 0.51 (
40,287 0.11 .
5,963,660 16.95
76,415 0.22 0
1,461,361 4.15 >
100,339 0.29 2
171,107 0.48 >
71,210 0.20 '
389,731 1.11
9,032,904 25.67 O
35,190,046 "V

100.00 Z
I-c







FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific


EAST COAST UNITED S
West Coast Unitec
West Coast Canad
West Coast Centra
Balboa, C.Z._ -_
West Coast South
Chile-----
Colombia-
Ecuador--
Peru----
Other_---
Hawaii ------
Oceania ---
Australia_
New Zealand
Other----
Asia--------
British East I
China ------
Formosa--
Hong Kong-
India----
Indochina-__
Indonesia --
Japan------
Pakistan___
Philippine Is]
South Korea
South Vietna
Thailand_
Other----
Total-


[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
STATES TO:
d States -- --- 2,885 3,189 3,164 3,021
a ------- 230 155 182 36
al America _- ---- 382 320 320 306
95 129 69 51
America---- 1,849 2,107 1,867 1,655
__ 819 990 879 773
156 195 213 171
291 245 170 171
-_- 522 627 574 511
61 50 31 29
109 139 164 160
------------ ---- 1,418 1,978 2,059 1,714
---- -__ ----- 1,134 1,498 1,514 1,257
---------- _231 432 524 428
------ 53 48 21 29
28,732 23,910 19,299 17,612
ndics----------- 93 45 41 34
----- --- ------- 25
------ ------- 631 605 434 611
_--_-- _--- --- 232 158 131 184
----- ---_ ---_ 55 24 45 55
__-------------- 2 226 639 416
------_----- 213 77 21 49
__------------- 24,299 20,105 16,242 14,644
----------- 15 21 24 52
ands ---------- -- 565 484 506 432
1,115 886 801 805
S------------- 970 736 N.A. N.A.
-------- 177 158 103 96
-------------- 365 385 312 209
----------- 5,700 31,927 27,124 24,555


EAST COAST CANADA TO:
West Coast United States -
West Coast Canada ------
West Coast Central America--
West Coast South America-
Oceania -------------
Australia -------
New Zealand--
Other
Asia--- ------------
China ---------
Hong Kong -------
Japan
Philippine Islands
Russia -----
Thailand -------
Other -
Total ---------
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO:
West Coast United States-
West Coast Central America_
West Coast South America-
Balboa, C.Z.---------
Hawaii -------------


--- ---- 24 21 32 37
--- 4 13 22
------ 3 2 21
82 83 61 37
243 242 184 260
214 210 140 230
27 30 27 29
---- 2 2 17 1
670 691 399 592
----------93
17 21 16 24
527 448 320 495
----- 26 31 24 21
1 --------19
11 14 18 8
88 84 21 25
-- --- 1,022 1,043 689 969

207 6 6 16
303 93 24 34
---- 30 24 27 24
468 ------
------------ 15






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 75

Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO--
Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
Oceania ---------- -------- 176 125 100 88
Australia _---------------- 144 90 75 57
New Zealand ------------- 32 35 25 31
Asia ----- ---------- 109 99 87 85
Japan------------------ 107 43 83 63
Formosa ----- -- 53 _-__ 22
Other ------------------ 2 3 4
Total ------------ 1,308 347 244 247
EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO:
West Coast United States -- ------- 1,845 2,090 2,547 2,684
West Coast Canada -------- --- 136 118 235 110
West Coast Central America 1,258 1,271 1,184 979
West Coast South America ------ 3,557 3,181 2,748 1,941
Chile 1,730 1,859 1,420 829
Colombia ----------- 224 63 310 212
Ecuador -- --- 623 506 363 340
Peru--------------- 965 742 655 540
Other -- 15 11 ---- 20
Balboa, C.Z. --------------- 588 368 290 294
Hawaii ------------------- 335 416 266 143
Oceania ------------------------------ 40 104 34 206
Australia --------------- 7 13 31 119
New Zealand 33 86 -__- 84
Other ----------------------------_____ 5 3 3
Asia -------------------------------- 1,436 1,597 1,698 1,480
Japan ----------- 1,352 1,442 1,608 1,464
South Korea ----------------------- 5 64 19
Other ---- ----------- 79 91 71 16
Total ---------------9,195 9,145 9,002 7,837
CnISTOBAL, C.Z., TO:
West Coast United States ---------------------79 18 17
West Coast Central America-- 75 41 48
West Coast South America-___ 1 21
Balboa, C.Z. --------- 3 501 406 223
Asia --------------- -___ _46 83 28
Japan ------------------------------- 46 83 28
Other territories -- 28 20 ----
Total --------------3 730 589 316
WEST INDIES TO:
West Coast United States ---------- 2,022 2,291 1,686 1,615
West Coast Canada -- --- ------ 328 411 469 425
West Coast Central America ------- 193 201 162 292
Balboa, C.Z --------------- ---------- 266 273 226 221
West Coast South America -- .--- 677 816 803 952
Chile ---------------------------- 306 318 396 596
Colombia ------------------------- 1 1 3 9
Ecuador ----------- 65 72 28 45
Peru ------------------ 282 413 364 263
Other --------------------------- 23 12 12 39
Hawaii ------------------ 480 287 176 142
Oceania ------------------------------ 3 43 44 194
Australia --- --------------- 28 40 72
French Oceania ------------------- 1 1






76 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 21.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year

WEST INDIES To-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
New Zealand -------------- 3 15 3 103
Other ----------------__---------------- 18
Asia ---------------------2,384 1,911 1,538 1,376
British East Indies 13 33 43 10
China ----------------- 196 254 151 123
HongKong ---------- -- 6 3 4
Indochina ---------- 6 74
Indonesia -- ----------- 1 2 6
Japan- ---------------- 1,994 1,493 1,168 1,122
North Korea------------- 100 61 N.A. N.A.
Philippine Islands -- -------- -- 11 12 10 13
Russia 69 40 83 98
Other ---------------1 5 4 ----
Total----- --- ---- 6,353 6,233 5,104 5,217
EUROPE TO:
West Coast United States --------- 1,031 1,068 853 882
West Coast Canada --------- -- 266 316 245 260
West Coast Central America ----- 378 369 344 376
West Coast South America 1,177 1,288 1,265 967
Chile -------------- 343 355 388 299
Colombia -------- 98 138 128 121
Ecuador- -----------146 148 113 109
Peru 448 548 533 394
Other ----------------------- 142 99 103 44
Hawaii------------------ 1 3 2 12
Oceania ------------------------- 843 827 920 903
Australia ---------- 56 33 19 26
British Oceania-- 27 28 25 33
French Oceania ------------------- 244 189 213 225
New Zealand 468 531 599 577
Other ------------------ 48 46 64 42
Asia ----------------------- ----3,439 497 87 88
Formosa --------------------- 20 5 2 1
HongKong 26 1 1 2
Japan------------- 3,306 474 77 73
North Korea 19 ------ N.A. N.A.
Russia ---------------------------- 15 --------__ 4
South Korea---------- ---- ----------- 1
Other -- 53 17 6 8
Other territories ------------------------ 2 1 11
Total ---------------7,137 4,369 3,716 3,499
AFRICA TO:
West Coast United States -------- 28 109 112 180
West Coast Canada --------- 15 23 8 12
West Coast South America ---------- 10 3 21 53
Oceania 1 39 34
Asia -------------------- 557 45 13 17
Total ----------------------- 610 181 193 296
AsIA (MIDDLE EAST) TO:
West Coast United States ------ -- 9 14 11 12
Asia --------------------------------- 22 ------ ------ 1
Other territories ---------------------- 1 3
Total -- --_--_ ----_ 32 17 11 13
Total cargo, Atlantic to Pacific ------ 61,360 53,992 46,672 42,949






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 77

Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
WEST COAST UNITED STATES TO:
East Coast United States ----------- 1,280 1,440 1,957 2,177
East Coast Canada -- ----------- 45 ------------ 12
East Coast Central America ------------ -- 14 1 2 2
Cristobal, C.Z.---------------------- --- 136 3 4 6
East Coast South America - ------- 161 147 145 155
Argentina ---------------------- 1 3 12 21
Brazil ---------------------------- 12 10 22 24
Colombia --------------------- --- 18 14 19 6
Uruguay ---------------------- ------ -1 1
Venezuela ------------------------- 127 115 90 102
Other ----------------------- 3 5 1 1
West Indies --- ----------- 465 288 283 295
British West Indies __- ------ 174 33 22 33
Haiti-Dominican Republic ----------- 5 5 4 20
Netherlands West Indies ---- 61 4 4 5
Puerto Rico ------------------ 220 243 251 236
Other ---------------- 5 3 2 1
Europe ---------------------------- 2,424 2,443 2,888 2,411
Belgium ---------- --- 152 105 119 108
Denmark -__ -- ----------- 26 37 47 41
Finland ----------------------- -- 13 17 21 15
France------------------------ ---- 151 203 192 197
Greece --- ------------- 32 11 36 35
Irish Republic --- 6 11 10 11
Italy ---------------- 361 428 481 340
Netherlands ----- -- 681 656 762 725
Norway---------------- 16 47 61 29
Poland --- ----- -------- 1 32 109 15
Spain-Portugal -- ---------- 62 38 63 90
Sweden --------------- 48 63 68 63
United Kingdom --- 191 267 278 352
West Germany --------------------- 460 376 499 311
Yugoslavia ------------------------ 7 16 6 10
Other ---------------------------- 217 136 136 69
Asia (Middle East) -- ---- 77 74 61 18
Cyprus ---------------------- 11-----------
India ------------------- ------ --- 4
Israel ---------------------------- 15 22 36 8
Lebanon --------------- 3 8 4 5
Syria ---------------- 49 32 1
Other ---------------------------- 10 1 20 1
Africa -------------------- 77 112 161 97
Algeria ------------------ ---- 40
Kenya ----------------- 9 7 13 7
Egypt --------------------------------- 4 27 4
Morocco ---------------------- 21 1
Mozambique ------------ 8 6 9 13
South Africa ------------- 27 31 35 56
Tunisia --- ------------- 14 29 26 10
Other ----------------------------- 19 14 10 7
Total -------------- 4,679 4,508 5,501 5,173
WEST COAST CANADA TO:
East Coast United States----------------- 1,750 1,417 1,626 1,184
East Coast Canada 3 6 6 9
Cristobal, CZ. ---- ------------- 1







78 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
WEST COAST CANADA TO-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
East Coast South America-___ ----- 131 153 216 340
Argentina -----------.- 3 6 8
Brazil -------------- -- 23 23 14 44
Colombia --- ----- 12 2 1----
Venezuela -------------- 95 124 195 286
Other -_--------- 1 1---- 2
West Indies ------------------------- 150 131 124 122
British West Indies-- 34 31 32 28
Haiti-Dominican Republic 7 _---_ 7 1
Puerto Rico 108 96 85 91
Other ----------------- 1 4 2
Europe -------------------- 3,761 3,028 3,357 3,329
Albania ------------- ------ 23--
Belgium -------------------------- 139 100 158 109
Finland _----..--------------------- 24 1
France--------------- 83 91 90 79
Greece ---------------------------- 34 23 15 23
Irish Republic -- ------ 41 31 42 40
Italy ---------------- 382 382 280 210
Netherlands -------------- 703 513 490 292
Norway----------------- 16 16 6 1
Poland 35 26 64 82
Russia ----------------------- 53
Spain-Portugal --- -- 30 33 31 14
United Kingdom ------- 1,688 1,421 1,583 2,075
West Germany------- - 231 182 366 215
Yugoslavia -- 6 27 17 13
Other --------------- 373 183 168 122
Asia (Middle East): ------------- 56 53 38 37
Israel ----------------- 55 52 37 27
Lebanon -- 1 1 1 10
Africa-------------------- 196 271 275 269
Egypt 1
Mozambique 34 24 73 39
South Africa 139 190 189 212
Tunisia -------------- --- ---___ 12
Other----------------- 22 57 13 6
Total ------ 6,047 5,059 5,642 5,291
WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO:
East Coast United States ---- 880 706 491 639
East Coast Canada ------------ 16
East Coast Central America ------- 6 18 25 88
Cristobal, C.Z --------------- 3 2 4 8
East Coast South America 101 15 17 27
West Indies ----------------- 11 12 8 11
Europe -- ---------------524 689 838 912
Belgium --------------- 57 168 29 26
Denmark 55 39 25 25
France---------------- 10 26 40 25
Italy ------------------ 39 65 64 36
Netherlands------------------------ 131 103 72 57
Poland ----------------- 11 -.--- 263 509
Spain-Portugal -------- ---- 13 25 54 22
Turkey -- --------------- 8 14-------






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO-
Continued
United Kingdom ---------------
West Germany--------------------
Other ---- ----------------
Africa---- --- -------------------
Egypt ------------------------
Morocco ----------------------
Senegal -----------------------
Other ----------------------
Other territories --- ----------
Total --------------
WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO:
East Coast United States------------
East Coast Canada ----- ---------
East Coast Central America -- _----
Cristobal, C.Z.-------------------
East Coast South America --------
Argentina -----------------
Brazil --- -----------------
Colombia __----_--_--------- ---
Venezuela __--- --------------
Other -.----------------
West Indies --------- ------
British West Indies-------------
Cuba ------------------ ----
Netherlands West Indies _-. -----
Puerto Rico----------- -----
Other-----------------------
Europe------------------- --
Belgium__. --- --
Bulgaria---------------- ------
Denmark- ------------- --
East Germany -- ----------
Finland__ ----------------
France --- -------
Greece ---------- ----
Irish Republic --------------
Italy ----------------
Netherlands --
Norway-----------------------
Poland-------------------
Rumania ---------------
Russia ------.........----------
Spain-Portugal ------------
Sweden----------------
United Kingdom--------- ----
West Germany
Yugoslavia ----------------
Other -------- ---------------
Asia (Middle East)--- ------
India --------------
Israel --
Lebanon ----- ---------
Other ---------
Africa --__
Total-------------------- -


1968
28
108
64
15
2
8
5
1
1,541

4,828
17
119
4
93
9
18
18
43
5
241
23

57
161
4,563
380
9
19
19
43
552
7
23
562
678
4
94

15
165
97
441
1,013
69
373
11
4


Fiscal year
1967 1966
9 36
166 187
74 68
1 325
309

1 13
------ -

6 ---
1,465 1,708


5,702
78
71
5
68
1
1
31
35
92
29
1
62

4,406
452
13
23
48
20
429
10
533
771
6
62
1
154
84
405
981
57
357
29
24
3


5,762
91
67
6
49


21
28
35



35

5,380
630
11
34
48
22
316
27
8
483
1,200
13
96

243
85
392
1,456
57
259
11
8

3


11,401


6 ---
1 2
3 ----
9,879 10,451


1965
32
159
21






1,685

6,169
103
43
6
42


18
23
1
33

5
1
27

6,186
542
5
59
24
12
463
6
8
359
1,730
6
75
6

207
102
517
1,722
68
275
28
17
2
8
1

12,610







80 FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA

Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
BALBOA, C.Z., TO: 1968 1967 1966 1965
East Coast United States---------- 16 2 10 25
East Coast South America---------------- -------- 2 3
Europe ------------------------------- 3 1 2 --
Other territories ------------- --- 2 5 16 ------
Total -------------- 21 8 30 28
HAWAII TO:
East Coast United States --------- 439 385 502 465
East Coast Canada -------------------- ---- 2 4
Europe ------------------------------- 49 29 27
Netherlands ------------ -- 3 5 2
United Kingdom ------------35---- -----
West Germany ---------------- 6 9 7
Other --------------------------- ------ 5 15 18
Other territories -------- -----1 --- ___ 1 3
Total ---------- 440 434 534 499
OCEANIA TO:
East Coast United States 986 1,026 879 721
East Coast Canada ---------------------- 234 291 206 201
East Coast Central America 14 12 12 15
Cristobal, C.Z. -------------------------- 7 7 3 4
East Coast South America----- ---- 11 10 8 12
West Indies------------------- 458 191 77 72
British West Indies-- --------------- 59 149 57 67
Netherlands West Indies -------- 2 1 4 2
Other --- ------------------- 397 41 16 3
Europe ----------------------------- 1,836 1,258 1,335 1,476
Belgium -- ----------------- 49 21 31 27
France--------------------- 132 77 94 80
Netherlands-------- ----- 94 42 34 26
United Kingdom ----------- 1,294 1,004 1,070 1,195
West Germany -- ------- 76 50 44 51
Other ---------- 191 64 62 97
Other territories ----------- ------ 6 --- --- ----
Total ------- ---- 3,552 2,795 2,520 2,501
ASIA TO:
East Coast United States -- ----- 7,277 6,368 6,604 4,928
East Coast Canada ----------- 208 222 232 147
East Coast Central America---- 23 36 25 19
Cristobal, C.Z. -------------- 39 37 38 35
East Coast South America --------- 324 351 318 369
Argentina-------------- 24 21 29 41
Brazil -------------------------- 48 50 50 38
Colombia --------------------- 19 46 45 62
Netherlands Guiana --------- 12 5 12 4
Venezuela--------------- 210 225 178 202
Other ------------------ 11 4 4 22
West Indies 470 279 309 210
British West Indies ---------- 54 37 29 25
Cuba ---------------- 290 152 153 122
Haiti-Dominican Republic-------- 26 22 15 16
Netherlands West Indies 10 10 23 9
Puerto Rico -------------- 76 53 78 38
Other ---------------- 14 5 11






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 61


Table 22.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


AsIA To-Continued
Europe ---------------------- --
Belgium --------------
East Germany--------------
Italy-------------- -----------
Netherlands__-------------
United Kingdom -----
West Germany -- -------
Other--------------- -----
Africa ------------
Other territories--------------
Total----------------

Total cargo, Pacific to Atlantic _-- --


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965


179
19
5
102
24
19
10
10
7,482

32,202


164
20
2
77
19
16
30
6

7,696

35,032


679
95
9
48
135
137
122
133
11

9,031

35,190


127
8

60
28
13
18
2

5,837

33,624






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ----
Caustic soda
Chemicals, unclassified-
Petroleum chemicals---------------
Benzene ---------------
Toluene ------- -------
Other and unclassified
Manufactures of iron and steel-- -
Angles, shapes, and sections ------
Plates, sheets, and coils-
Tubes, pipes, and fittings
NWire, bars, and rods -
Other and unclassified--- -----
Minerals, miscellaneous__ -----
Soda and sodium compounds .-----
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash --______
Ammonium compounds
Fertilizers, unclassified
Phosphate----------------
Ores and metals ___
Ores --------------
Alumina/bauxite ---------
Metals ---------------
Iron -------- -- --
Other and unclassified -- __- ____
Petroleum and products -----
Asphalt --
Diesel oil --_ ----------
Fuel oil, residual ----__--______
Gasoline -----------
Jet fuel ---------------
Kerosene --------------
Lubricating oil---------------
Other and unclassified--- -----
Miscellaneous -_--


Cement -------------
All other and unclassified ..-----


Total--------------------
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CANADA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals----
Caustic soda ----------
Chemicals, unclassified. --------


Grains-----------------
Rice ------.-------
Minerals, miscellaneous-------
Soda and sodium compounds-
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash_-
Phosphate ------
Ores and metals ---
Ore, alumina/bauxite ---
Miscellaneous ___-- ---- --


1968
334
63
135
136
11
7
118
767
112
234
40
33
348
8
8
105

11
94
298
287
287
11
7
4
1,306

53)

802
56
109
244
42
67

67
2,885


32
27
5


4
_. 4
----- 161
----- 161
------- 33
33


Fiscal year


1967
330
N.A.
140
190
N.A.
N.A.
190
802
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.

N.C.
97


97
266
263
263
3

3
1,290

) )
) 27)
647
N.A.
319
271
26
404
40
364
3,189


1966
309
N.A.
148
161
N.A.
N.A.
161
753
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.

N.C.
101
13


1965
264
N.A.
137
127
N.A.
N.A.
127
609
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.
N.A.

N.C.
74


88 74
286 243
285 217
285 217
1 26
----- 25
1 1
1,287 1,544
16----


)
57)
481
N.A.
363
274
96
428
68
360
3,164


61
830
N.A.
295
272
86
287
27
260
3,021


- - - - -- -
N.A. N.A. N.A.

S 7 5
_ . 7 5
N.C. N.C. N.C.
N.C. N.C. N.C.
137 166 28
137 166 28
18--------
18 -


. . . . . 9 3


---






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAS-
CANADA-Continued
Miscellaneous-Continued
All other and unclassified


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
--_ __ 9 3


Total -- ----------- -- 230 155 182 36
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods ---------- 5 9 7 15
Canned foods, miscellaneous ----- 5 9 7 15
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals.----- 30 19 31 16
Chemicals, unclassified---- ---- 18 18 29 14
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous __ 10 1 2 2
Other and unclassified 2
Grains --------------- 94 50 35 33
Corn ---------------- 6 6 11 16
Rice ------------------ 6 17 17 6
Wheat ---------------------------- 80 27 7 11
Other and unclassified ----- 2 --
Lumber and products miscellaneous 2 7 9. 3


Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous ___ 11 7 8 7
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous ----- ------ 8 10 18 13
Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------ 8 2 --
Sulfur ---------------------------- ___ 8 2 -
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ----------- 91 75 84 89
Ammonium compounds--------- 4 2 24 10
Fertilizers, unclassified 43 19 16 18
Phosphate---------------- 34 39 34 56


Potash ---------------------------- 7 15 10 5
Other and unclassified---- 3 --
Ores and metals-- 7 8 4 7
Metals ------------------------ 7 8 4 7
Scrap ----------- 4 5 1 5
Other and unclassified 3 3 3 2
Petroleum and products -- 13 12 12 16
Lubricating oil----------- 6 7 8 11
Other and unclassified 7 5 4 5
Miscellaneous -------------------- 121 115 117 107
Flour, wheat------------------ ----- 3 3 8 5
Glass and glassware ---------- 2 2 5 2
Paper and paper products .--- -- 60 53 55 55
All other and unclassified 56 57 49 45
Total ------------------- -- 382 320 320 306


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SouTH AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods --- ______ 22 10 33 52
Canned foods ----------- 19 8 26 46
Milk-------------------------- 12 3 19 27
Other and unclassified ----------- 7 5 7 19
Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous ..-- 3 2 7 6
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals -------- 46 60 55 49
Caustic soda ----------------------- 8 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Chemicals,unclassificd ---------- 30 58 49 48
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous-- 8 2 6 1






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST


Si


Fiscal year


OUTH AMERICA-Continued 19GS 1967 1966 1965
Coal and coke ----- ____________ 185 171 154 176
Grains -------------------------------- 542 703 491 371
Corn 86 36 31 16
Oats ------------------------------ 6 3
Rice ------------------------------ 8 57 21 46
Soybeans -------------------------______ __------ 1 7 4
Wheat ---------------- 435 604 431 293
Other and unclassified-_____ 7 2 1 12
Lumber and products__------- 22 8 10 13
Pulpwood _------------ 20 5 5 10
Other and unclassified -----------__ 2 3 5 3
Machinery and equipment---------- 161 205 188 157
Agricultural machinery and implements- 34 19 24 20
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and
parts ---------____-- -- 61 76 62 47
Construction machinery and equipment- 27 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Electrical machinery and apparatus 16 13 16 14
Other and unclassified ------ -- 23 97 86 76
Manufactures of iron and steel---. -- -- 74 65 123 77
Angles, shapes, and sections .------ 15 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Nails, tacks, and spikes_ -. 4 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Plates, sheets, and coils 10 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Tubes, pipes, and fittings 20 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Wire, bars, and rods ----------------- 8 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified ---------------- 17 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Minerals, miscellaneous ------------ 19 33 31 32
Soda and sodium compounds --.-------- 3 N.C. N.C. N.C.
Sulfur ---------------- 13 30 28 29
Other and unclassified --------- 3 3 3 3
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash .- ______ 230 220 172 160
Ammonium compounds- 21 13 14 17
Fertilizers, unclassified 24 28 11 12
Phosphate------------------------ 163 159 136 116
Potash ---------------------------- 21 18 11 15
Other and unclassified --------------- 1 2---- ----
Ores and metals -------------- 36 50 80 61
Ores, miscellaneous ----------- 15 6 5 4
Metals ---------------------------- 21 44 75 57
Scrap --------------- 1 21 36 41
Tin, including tinplate ----------- 12 15 15 10
Other and unclassified -- ----- 8 8 24 6
Petroleum and products _--__-- 65 86 75 75
Asphalt -------------------- 2 3 11 9
Gasoline --------------- 5 8 1 ----
Lubricating oil ------------- 54 66 52 60
Other and unclassified --------------- 4 9 11 6
Miscellaneous -------------------------- 447 496 455 432
Bricks and tile --------------------- 7 8 10 15
Carbon black ------------- 5 6 9 9
Clay, fire and china ---------- 10 9 9 8
Flour, wheat -------------------- 106 147 94 89
Glass and glassware ---------- 5 5 6 4
Groceries, miscellaneous---- --- 9 6 3 4
Marble and stone--- --------- 12 12 21 23






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 81


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued


[Thousands of long tons]
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
rSOUTH AMxEniCA-C ntiniued


Mis


Fiscal year


cellaneous-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
Oil, vegetable --------------- 9 20 18 40
Paper and paper products ------- 124 96 63 56
Resin ------------ 14 9 9 10
Rubber, manufactured 15 14 20 15
Tallow ---------------------------- 25 22 23 19
Tobacco and manufactures ----- 5 6 4 2
Wax, paraffin----- -------- 15 15 18 16
All other and unclassified ----------- 86 121 148 122
Total ---------------- 1,849 2,107 1,867 1,655


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO BAI
Canned and refrigerated foods_
Canned foods, miscellaneo
Refrigerated foods, miscel
Grains-----------
Wheat ----------
Petroleum and products ---
Diesel oil --------
Fuel oil, residual-
Other and unclassified-
Miscellaneous -_____--
Flour, wheat------
Oil, vegetable __--
All other and unclassified-
Total ---------
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO HA
Canned and refrigerated foods.
Canned foods, miscellany


LBOA, C.Z.:
----.----- 7 5 4 2
us------ 1 1 1 -----
laneous _--- 6 4 3 2
--- -- 24 59 27 23
--- 24 59 27 23
---- 18 19 2 2
------ ) ) )
17) 18) 1)----
1 1 1 2
-------- 46 45 36 24
6 1 2
---- 7 5 5
------- 33 40 30 22
95 128 69 51
WAII:
- ------- 2 3 4 4
)us _----- 1 2 3 3


Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous---.. 1 1 1 1
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ---- 3 4 2 2
Chemicals, unclassified---- 3 4 2 2
Grains, miscellaneous ------------------- 3 2 8
Machinery and equipment -- 11 15 14 10
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and
parts --------------------------- 6 4 4 3
Electrical machinery and apparatus _ 2 3 3 2
Other and unclassified -------- 3 8 7 5
Manufactures of iron and steel -- ---- 22 21 29 25
Angles, shapes, and sections----- 5 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Tubes, pipes, and fittings----- 7 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified --------------- 10 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash _-_-____ 18 21 27 24
Phosphate -- 17 19 26 22
Other and unclassified -------- 1 2 1 2
Ores and metals 17 30 34 36
Metal, tin, including tinplate ------ 17 30 34 36
Miscellaneous----------------- -- 34 43 54 51
Liquors and wines -. 2 2 3 3
Paper and paper products ------------ 1 2 2 1
Textiles --------------------------- 1 2 2 1
All other and unclassified ------------ 30 37 47 46
Total -------------------110 139 164 160


_ h






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]
Fiscal year
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA: 1968 1967 1966 1965
Chemicals and petroleiun chemicals.. ___ 141 108 101 68
Caustic soda ------------- 82 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Chemicals, unclassified ____- 51 104 86 61
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ___ 8 4 15 7
Coal and coke __.__.__ 3 13 13 6
Grains ---- ----------43 30 53 16
Rice------------------------ 12 11 9 7
Soybeans ._____ __ 31 19 44 9
Lumber and products ._____ 8 9 7 9
Pulpwood --------__---_ 4 7 4 7
Other and unclassified ---- ---- 4 2 3 2
Machinery and equipment -_.... _____ 128 130 131 142
Agricultural machinery and
implements _-____ ____.._.__._..._ 27 19 26 32
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and
parts- ____ ___ 49 46 42 42
Construction machinery and equipment 14 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Electrical machinery and apparatus .- 5 4 6 5
Other and unclassified _--_ _--- 33 61 57 63
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous ------------------____ ___ 26 26 25 26
Nitrates, phosphates and potash --- --- 546 921 1,072 757
Ammonium compounds 16 17 33 5
Fertilizers, unclassified 5 6 1 12
Phosphate---------- 503 878 1,007 720
Potash --__------------- 22 20 31 20
Minerals, miscellaneous 195 308 300 260
Soda and sodium compounds ----- 8 N.C. N.C. N.C.
Sulfur--- -.------- 183 303 299 258
Other and unclassified 4 5 1 2
Ores and metals 6 10 14 62
Ores 3 6 9 48
Alumina/bauxite -----------.. ----------------- 5 41
Other and unclassified 3 6 4 7
Metals, miscellaneous 3 4 5 14
Other agricultural commodities ----------- 7 20 14 22
Beans, edible---- ---------- 3 5 3 4
Cotton, raw--------- --- 4 3 11 18
Sugar------ ---------- 12 -----
Petroleum and products .... 55 60 61 94
Lubricating oil ----------------42 48 54 83
Other and unclassified --- 13 12 10 11
Miscellaneous ---------------- 260 343 265 252
Ammunition and explosives 7 13 3 2
Bricks and tile 4 3 4 6
Carbon black ----------------------- 5 4 4 4
Clay, fire and china 48 31 34 30
Floor coverings- 5 5 4 4
Flour, wheat ---_----------- 1 5 1 -
Glass and glassware ----------------- 9 9 8 8
Nuts, edible ---------------- 1 6 1
Oil, vegetable ------------ 5 9 11 11
Paper and paper products ------- 32 28 26 23
Resin ------------------------ 19 15 21 18






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA-
Continued
Miscellaneous-Continued
Rubber, manufactured-------- -..
Tobacco and manufactures
Wax, paraffin --_--- ---
All other and unclassified -- -----
Total -- -----
EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA:


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
17 16 14 13
12 14 12 11
6 7 9 6
90 183 108 115
1,418 1,978 2,059 1,714


Canned and refrigerated foods .--------- 58 69 90 109
Canned foods ---------- 40 57 76 90
Milk ----------- 19 26 55 67
Other and unclassified 21 31 21 23
Refrigerated foods 18 12 14 19
Meat ----------------- 14 10 11 9
Other and unclassified 4 2 3 10
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals --- 421 427 325 361
Caustic soda --- --------- 6 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Chemicals, unclassified ------------ 251 381 248 283
Petroleum chemicals__-------- 164 46 77 78
Benzene ------------ 10 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Cyclohexane------- ---- 23 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Toulene ----------- ---- 8 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified 123 46 77 78
Coal and coke 12,082 8,883 6,720 6,280
Grains -----------------------__ ------- 7,418 5,603 5,635 4,380
Barley ------------------ 1 ----------- 10
Corn ------------- 2,736 2,601 2,646 2,189
Oats ---------------------------- 8 3------ ---
Rice -------------------- 769 89 70 83
Sorghum ------ ---- 1,123 504 520 208
Soybeans 2,421 1,870 1,972 1,515
Wheat 325 510 333 304
Other and unclassified -- -- 35 26 94 71
Lumber and products ---- 93 96 67 69
Boards and planks -------7 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Pulpwood -------- -- 78 76 50 60
Other and unclassified ------------ 8 20 17 9
Machinery and equipment 227 200 168 161
Agricultural machinery and implements- 19 5 7 7
Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and
parts __---- __------ __ 88 68 51 47
Construction machinery and equipment 39 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Electrical machinery and apparatus-..- 30 22 15 15
Other and unclassified-----.- 51 105 95 92
Manufactures of iron and steel - 130 233 143 134
Angles, shapes, and sections.-- --- 20 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Plates, sheets, and coils _---_ 27 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Tubes, pipes, and fittings -------- 15 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Wire, bars, and rods --------. ---- 17 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified ----------- 51 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Minerals, miscellaneous ------------------ 82 124 66 71
Soda and sodium compounds.----- 8 N.C. N.C. N.C.
Sulfur --------------------------- 69 121 62 67
Other and unclassified --------------- 5 3 4 4






FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons] Fiscal year

EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO AsiA-Continued 1968 1967 1966 1965
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash --- -- 2,971 2,207 2,221 2,165
Ammonium compounds 22 5 60 77
Fertilizers, unclassified 116 101 55 79
Fishmeal -------------------------- 2 1 1 5
Phosphate --------------- 2,825 2,098 2,101 1,997
Potash ----------------- 6 2 4 7
Ores and metals----------------------- 2,732 3,422 1,544 2,020
Ores, miscellaneous -------- 11 27 35 7
Metals ---------- --- 2,721 3,395 1,509 2,013
Iron -------------------------- 20 10 6 13
Scrap ------------ 2,607 3,288 1,405 1,910
Tin, including tinplate 67 59 78 67
Other and unclassified ----------- 27 38 20 23
Other agricultural commodities ------- 622 525 390 366
Beans, edible__-__-- 47 12 14 11
Cocoa and cacao beans -- ---------- 4 6 13 9
Cotton, raw ____ 531 473 332 316
Oilseeds---------------- 10 4 3 2
Skins and hides -_- 27 21 17 19
Other and unclassified ------- 3 9 11 9
Petroleum and products ----------- 696 598 521 472
Asphalt ---------------------------- 5 17 13 15
Crude oil 4 ------ 1
Diesel oil -------------------------- 15) ) )
Fuel oil, residual -------- 1) 11) 1)--
Gasoline ---------------- 14 11 27 31
Kerosene---------------- 2 6 __ 1
Lubricating oil----------- 486 514 419 381
Petroleum coke-- ---------- 121 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Other and unclassified --------- 48 39 60 44
Miscellaneous------------------- 1,200 1,523 1,409 1,024
Ammunition and explosives -- -- 16 53 10 9
Beer ----------------------------1 6
Bricks and tile -- 6 5 3 5
Carbon, black------- ------ 15 14 8 10
Cement ---------------3 12 3 7
Clay, fire and china --------- 97 78 51 54
Fibers, plant ---- 7 N.A. N.A. N.A.
Flour, wheat --- ------175 70 142 107
Class and glassware --------- 6 6 5 6
Groceries, miscellaneous _-_ 22 14 11 9
Oil, vegetable -------- --- 43 33 19 41
Paper and paper products---------- 90 67 49 66
Pharmaceutical products _- ----- 2 6 4 6
Rags and waste ----------- 5 6 9 7
Railroad materials -----__ ___ 7 1 1
Resin ---------------------- 126 417 427 180
Rubber, manufactured-- ------ 50 44 38 53
Tallow ------------ 59 27 30 33
Textiles--------------------- 25 49 21 19
Tobacco and manufactures ----------- 53 53 48 37
Wax, paraffin ------------ 11 16 11 5
All other and unclassified ------ -- 389 545 513 369
Total ------------ 28,732 23,910 19,299 17,612






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY 8S


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons] .


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Minerals, miscellaneous ---
Asbestos -------------
Ores and metals ------------
Ores, miscellaneous
Metal, iron-------- -------
M miscellaneous -------------------------
Paper and paper products --------
All other and unclassified-
Total ---
EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
CANADA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ------
Chemicals, unclassified --------
Ores and metals------------
Ore, alumina/bauxite ---------
Miscellaneous------- ______
All other and unclassified ------ --
Total---------------
EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Miscellaneous--------------- ---
All other and unclassified -------
EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ----
Chemicals, unclassified ------------
Lumber and products -----------------
Pulpwood---------------
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous -________-__ -. --.
Minerals, miscellaneous -. ..-----
Asbestos ---------------
Ores and metals --------...----
Ores, miscellaneous -----------
Metals---- --------------
Tin, including tinplate --
Other and unclassified-
Miscellaneous --------_--
Paper and products ---- ----
All other and unclassified-
Total----------------
EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ----
Chemicals, unclassified ---
Lumber and products -------------
Pulpwood--------------
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment --..-----
Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and
parts _------------
Other and unclassified --------------


Fiscal year


1968 1967
13 8
13 8
5 13
13
5 --
6 - - -
3 ----
3
24 21


1966 1965
10 7
10 7
22 18
22 18

11
------ ------

11
32 36


4 11 4
4 11 4


--- __-- --2
----- ------ -
2-
2
--- -- 4 13


3
3


2
2


2 1
2 1
5
S 5


12
12
13
1
12
8
4
54
33
21
81

10
10
2
1
1
21


4
11
11
7
7

1
6
55
37
18
83

22
22
3
2
1
14


14 5
7 9


16
16
2
2
22


1 20
1 20


1L --- -
1
1 1
1 1

7 1
10 9
10 9
6 4

6 4
2
4 4
36 22
21 9
15 13
61 _37

15 22
15 22
8 5
7 4
1 1
11 17

7 13
4 4







FINANCIAL REPORT AND STATISTICAL DATA


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA-
Continued
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous____________
Minerals, miscellaneous -.--. _._-..._ --
Asbestos --____----__--- _____ -
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash _-- ----
Ammonium compounds -------.--
Ores and metals -__- _____-_
Metals-----------------------__
Tin, including Tinplate ___----
Other and unclassified --__---
Miscellaneous -________ __ -
Paper and paper products ----- --
All other and unclassified
Total _-_____-


EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods --. ---- -
Canned foods, miscellaneous ----- -


Chei


Crai


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965


10
24
24
5
5
20
20
11
9
150
116
34
242

6
3


9
23
23


12
12
4
8
159
131
28
242


Refrigerated foods, miscellaneous ---- 3 1
micals and petroleum chemicals -------- 6 6
Chemicals, unclassified. ___-.---- 6 4
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ------__ 2
ns __-_--------_------- 36 213
Corn -------- _-___--- __-- 5
Soybeans ------__ 36 80
Wheat -------------------------------- 127


Other and unclassified-----
Lumber and products --_____ .--_
Pulpwood___ ----- --
Other and unclassified ----
Minerals, miscellaneous .. .......
Asbestos -_____ __ ___-
Ores and metals.. ------__--- .
Ores, miscellaneous ----- .
Metals-_____________ -
Scrap-- _____---
Other ----__
Other agricultural commodities --
Skins and hides
Miscellaneous .----- _-----
Paper and paper products ---


-..- -- 10
9
1
----- 116
116
...- 354
.--- 194
160
139
21
3
3
.---- 139
..--- 106


Resin------ ------- 4
Ruber, manufactured ----- --- 5
Slag ---------___- __--
All other and unclassified ----- 24
Total ------------- 670
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Petroleum and products .... 207
Diesel oil ------------ 5)
Fuel oil, residual --- -------
Gasoline ----_____________-- __ 42


1
2
2

112
112
221
108
113
100
13
4
4
116
70
5
7
10
24
691


8
23
23


5
5
1
4
114
79
35
184


10
23
23


20
20
14
6
163
114
49
260


17 1 1
16 1 1


11
9
2
95
3
91


7
5
2
140
14
121


1 -5
1 3
1 3

65 86
65 86
123 218
108 55
15 163
9 145
6 18
6 4
6 4
97 133
51 66
3 9
4 6
21 35
18 17
399 592


84 24 32
) )
- ---) -----) 24
58 18 8






PANAMA CANAL COMPANY


Table 23.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES-Continued
Petroleum and products-Continued
Jet fuel -------
Kerosene -------------
Miscellaneous -----------
All other and unclassified -- -
Total ----------------


Fiscal year
1968 1967 1966 1965
20 N.A. N.A. N.A.
140 26 6 --
____ ______ ____ 1
------207 84 24 33
207 _84 __24 __33


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous-
Petroleum and products ------ ----.
Diesel oil -----------
Fuel oil, residual -----------
Gasoline -
Kerosene ---- --------
Other and unclassified-- -------
Minerals, miscellaneous-
Sulfur
Miscellaneous----------------- ____


Railroad materials------
All other and unclassified-
Total ______________


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Manufactures of iron and steel,
miscellaneous --- -----
Minerals, miscellaneous -----
Soda and sodium compounds-
Sulfur -------
Miscellaneous
Resin --------
All other and unclassified -
Total ----------------- --
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO BALBOA, C.Z.:
Petroleum and products ..- __ __-_- _
Diesel oil-
Fuel oil, residual -----------
Gasoline ------------
Kerosene -----.. --------
Total-------------
EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO OCEANIA:
Minerals, miscellaneous ----- ------
Salt -------------------
Sulfur ---------------- --
Other agricultural commodities
Sugar ----------- ------
Miscellaneous ---- -- ------
All other and unclassified -------
Total -


2 3
288 150
77) )
146) 96)
56 48
6 6
3
5 6
5 6
7 8
3
7 5
302 167



10 7
2 5
2 N.C.
5
19 12

19 12
31 24


46 72

24) 45
19 20
3 7
5 5

5 5
9 5

9 5
60 82


12
5
N.C.
5
10
2
8
27


5

N.C.

19
1
18
24


471 499 405 221


81)
275)
113
2
471

174

174


2
2
176


)
420)
55
24
499

113
6
107
12
12


125


)
355) 180
45 36
5 5
405 221


99

99

1
1
100


88

88




88




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