<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Report of the Governor of the Panama...
 Appendix A: Report of the engineer...
 Appendix A-1: Report of electrical...
 Appendix A-2: Report of resident...
 Appendix A-3: Report of chief hydrographer,...
 Appendix B: Report of the engineer...
 Appendix C: Report of resident...
 Appendix D: Report of superintendent...
 Appendix E: Report of superintendent,...
 Appendix F: Report of the chief...
 Appendix G: Report of auditor,...
 Appendix H: Report of chief health...
 Appendix I-1: Report of executive...
 Appendix I-2: Report of cost-keeping...
 Appendix I-3: Report of special...
 Appendix J: Report of the general...
 Appendix K: Tables showing increases...
 Appendix L: Acts of Congress affecting...
 Appendix M: Charts showing organization...
 Back Matter
 Back Cover


DLOC PCANAL



Annual report of the Isthmian Canal Commission for the year ending ..
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097363/00004
 Material Information
Title: Annual report of the Isthmian Canal Commission for the year ending ..
Alternate Title: Annual report of the Isthmian Canal Commission and the Panama Canal for the fiscal year ended .. ( 1914 )
Physical Description: 9 v. : ill., maps (some col., folded) ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.)
Publisher: United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Creation Date: 1914
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Canals, Interoceanic -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Navigation -- Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Dec. 1, 1905-June 30, 1914.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. for 1905-1906 report year ends Dec. 1; vol. for 1907-1914 fiscal year ends June 30.
General Note: Reports for <1909/10-1911/12> each accompanied by portfolio of maps and diagrams.
General Note: Vol. for 1913/14 contain also the report of the governor of the Canal Zone.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07782320
lccn - sn 86045158
System ID: UF00097363:00004
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Annual report of the Governor of the Panama Canal for the fiscal year ended ...

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
        Page xv
        Page xvi
    List of Illustrations
        Page xvii
        Page xviii
        Page xix
        Page xx
        Page xxi
        Page xxii
    Report of the Governor of the Panama Canal
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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    Appendix A: Report of the engineer of maintenance
        Page 67
        Page 68
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        Page 76-1
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    Appendix A-1: Report of electrical and mechanical engineer
        Page 95
        Page 96
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    Appendix A-2: Report of resident engineer, division of municipal engineering
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
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        Page 140
        Page 140-1
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        Page 140-5
        Page 140-6
        Page 140-7
        Page 140-8
    Appendix A-3: Report of chief hydrographer, section of meteorology and hydrography
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
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    Appendix B: Report of the engineer of terminal construction
        Page 165
        Page 166
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    Appendix C: Report of resident engineer, dredging division
        Page 233
        Page 234
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        Page 241
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    Appendix D: Report of superintendent - Mechanical division
        Page 243
        Page 244
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    Appendix E: Report of superintendent, division of canal transportation
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
    Appendix F: Report of the chief quartermaster, supply department
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
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    Appendix G: Report of auditor, accounting department
        Page 323
        Page 324
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    Appendix H: Report of chief health officer, department of health
        Page 375
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        Page 377
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    Appendix I-1: Report of executive secretary, executive department
        Page 403
        Page 404
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    Appendix I-2: Report of cost-keeping accountant
        Page 443
        Page 444
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    Appendix I-3: Report of special attorney
        Page 511
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    Appendix J: Report of the general purchasing officer and chief of the Washington office
        Page 525
        Page 526
        Page 527
        Page 528
        Page 529
        Page 530
    Appendix K: Tables showing increases in salaries and personnel
        Page 531
        Page 532
        Page 533
        Page 534
        Page 535
        Page 536
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        Page 548
        Page 549
        Page 550
        Page 551
        Page 552
    Appendix L: Acts of Congress affecting the Panama Canal and Executive orders relating to the Canal Zone
        Page 553
        Page 554
        Page 555
        Page 556
        Page 557
        Page 558
        Page 559
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        Page 599
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    Appendix M: Charts showing organization of the Panama Canal and Panama Railroad Co., July, 1914
        Page 603
        Page 604
    Back Matter
        Page 605
        Page 606
        Page 607
        Page 608
    Back Cover
        Page 609
        Page 610
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June 30, 1914.1


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TABLE


OF


CONTENTS.


Page.
1


Report of the Governor of the Panama Canal ..
Organization .......... ----- - - -
C construction ................................---------------------------- -- -

Personnel --�-----� �-��--
Locks and dams----------- -
Gatun Locks - .--.....-------


Gatun
Gatun
Pedro
Mirafl
Mirafl
Lock
Gate
Miter


Spillway .........
Dam--------
Miguel Locks..-
ores Locks
ores Dam and Spill
gates .---.----.
machines ......


---- - - - -
--------------------------------------------------------------- --------------
------------- -----------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------- -----
way-------
-- ------ - - ------------------------------- -
- ---------------------------------------------------------- --


forcing machines__


Rising stemn valves --..-----------------------
Guard valves .-------------------------
Auxiliary culvert valves--- ---- ----------------
Cylindrical valve machines---- ----------------------
Chain fender machines ------------------------
Spillway gates ..-----------------------------
Towing-track material ------ --------- -----------


Towing locomotives ----
Illumination of the locks
Remote control ----
Hydroelectric plant
High-power transmission


a --- - -----a-----------------------------------------------------
-a--------------------------------------------------------------
a------------------------


line-


-- - -------------------
- a--- --- - a-- -


Cables


a-a------------------------------------------


Telephone system -


Emergency dams_
Floating caissons
Pontoon bridge ----
Operation of the locks
Electrical division -_
Municipal engineering
Meteorology and hydrO
General surveys --


- - a- -a---------------------------------------------------------------- - -
a~-- a---------------------------------------------------------------- -- -
-- - --------------------------- --------------------------------------------- -
a--- --------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------
- ------------------ ----
)graplly----------------------- ---a- - - --
- - - - ----------------------------------------------------------






TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of the governor of the Panama Canal-Continued.
Construction-Continued.
Division of terminals-Continued.
Cristobal coaling plant ---- -----.......... - ---- a .


Page.
40


Fuel-oil plants--- .....-- ---------
Quay walls and pier .----- - -- -
Ancon quarry--.. ...- ------- --
Sand service----- .. --. -------- --
Panama Railroad freight yards----
Colliers -.------- - -. ---
Tugs ----------- ---------------------
Floating cranes ....- -------


Balboa town site--
Radio station . .
Supply department......
Cost keeping ----......-- ---
Accounting department-----
Executive department ..
Customs service -----


Administration of estates-- -
Division of posts --
Division of schools ----- --
Police and fire division----

CourTimekeepings ------------
Timekeeping -...........-......


------ ------ -- -- -- -
------ --. ------- -
-- - -- - - - a- -

- -- a-- - ---------a- -

---------------------------------


-- - -------------------------------------------- -

- - - - -- - - ------------------------------------ ----- -- -
-------------------------
--- - a

------------------------- ----------------------------------

------ ------------------ -- ------ --- -----


a ---- -----a--a-a-- -
a- a-a-------------------------a-a-- - a
--- ----------------------------------------------- -----------------
-a - - - - - - - - - - -


Clubs and playgrounds .....------------
Canal Record.- ---------- ------------


Lawa ......----- .----------------------
Washington office ----------- ---- ----------------------
Operation and maintenance-- ----------------- ---
Sanitation --------..------------------------.-------..----
Division of hospitals and charities --------------
Sanitary division -. .- --------- ---- --------------------
Quarantine division .-------- -------------
FortiQcations ....d----------------------------------------------


APPENDIX A.


Report of the engineer of maintenance .a -. .-----------------.. -a
Lock gates and protective devices--- ..--.-- ----a.--- ---
Chain fenders - - ---- -------a- -a-a--a----.-----aa-a-.- ----
Chain - ---- --------------- ------ -------------------
Lock entrance caissons -----.-- ---------------------
Pontoon bridge ------------------------ ------------ ---
ro1T.fnvd nt tha - wnrlr __- ---






OF CONTENTS.


Report of the engineer of maintenance--Continued.
Emergency dams -.-.-_-_-_-.______.................. z ..._.. _-
Electrical division _ ..-- - ...--.--....... -_____-_
Division office and designing force .....__
Operation of power plants_- .......... . - --.__
Operation of air compressor plants .. . . . . .
Maintenance of building and street lighting system.....
Transmission and distribution line construction and mainte-
nance work ......... -.--.-----... _ - __-_-_--_
Electrical work in permanent buildings_ a...--..-
Electrical work in new Balboa shopsops........
Operation and maintenance of electric cargo-handling cranes...
Miscellaneous....a ______ ....- ----� _��
Division of municipal engineering ...f.-.-....-__- ......
Office engineer.--..-. .---...------__--- ..
Section of meteorology and hydrography .----�.. .......-.--
Discharge at the spillway ...- ---__ -------
Leakage at spillway- -................- -. ---------- _
General surveys -..... .. ..-------............. ----__.-
Division of lig hthouses.. .. .. .......... ---------


Page.
85
85
86
86
87


APPENDIX A-1.


Report of electrical and mechanical engineer.


Erection work-Concrete -.a.---.
Gatun hydroelectric station- -.. .
Transmission line material..........
Gatun substation
Cristobal substation . ..
Miraflores substation_
Balboa substation .........
Darien substation ...
Gamboa substation.-------
Transmission line system-----


Track


span


bridges .


- --- ------


- -... ..... ... . _ 95


Jlm


Transmission


es a -.. . . ...


Transmission line strain and suspension insulators..


Lock machinery-


----- - a-- a - - - - - - -------- ---- - - - - ----- - a - a -


Rising stem gate valve machines-Mechanical equipment --
Rising stem gate valve machines---Electrical equipment ...
Operation a. _ a.a..- - .- .---------- - - - -
Operation of rising stem gate valve machines under full head
Cylindrical valve machines .-- --_........... -.-.--....


Auxiliary culvert valve machines ....
flnfrd vnlve mnihinps


TABLE


es_______







TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of electrical and mechanical engineer-Continued.


- s--a- -- - -- ---------- -- ---a -S-f--
- a ------------- a- ------------ - -
----- - ----- - -- - --- ------ ------
--------------- ---- ------ -a- --- -


Lock transformer-room equipment...- -- -.
Special transformer-room equipment- --
Insulated cable -.--- ----- ------- --- --
Chain-fender machines --- -- .------
Handrail-operating machines- -- -----
Chain-fender sump pumps-- -- ---
Drainage sump and culvert pumps and motors
Operating tunnel doors . .. --. . . .-----.
Illumination --------------------------
Lockages --- ------------------------------


Up lockage
Return lock
Lockage of
Lockages a
Lockages a
Lockage of
Lockage of


--------------------
----- ------ ----- --- -


-- - ---------------------- -- -
- - - - - - - - - - - -




----a-- --- ---a------


of tug Gatu. -- - - --n -.---. .--.----- ----- ---------*-------
age of tug Gatun from Gatun Lake to sea.-
steamship Allianca -.-.--..--.-
t Pedro Miguel ---------
t Miraflores Locks -----------


the Santa Clara_._..
the steamship Ancon----


Emergency dams- ----------------
Tests -------------------------
Telephone system --- --------
Telephone equipment .. -------
Lock-control switchboards .....
Sump pumps, for Cristobal and Balboa
Snubbing posts... --- --------------


-- ---M---h--- -----N
-------


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. - - - - - -


- ------------------------------- ------ --------- a
- a------------------------------- ------ --------

-------------------------------------------------------.- - -


substations_
--- - -----------------


--------- --- -


Towing locomotives---- -----
Distribution of locomotives- -
Spillway gate machines-.......---
Tests and operation --.


Pumps


motors


for cable


APPENDIX A-2.


Report of resident engineer, division of munici
Northern district--------------
Southern district - ----------
Waterworks for southern end of canal-
Operation of purification plants .. ....
D designs .-.......... .... .....-- ---- --


pal engineering-----
--- -- - - a--- - -

-- a ----- a- ---- ---

-- ------------------------ a-- - - -----


APPENDIX A--3.


Report of chief hydrographer, section of meteorology and hydrography_.


Personnel --.--------- - --------


------ ------------


Page.
109
109
110
110
110
110
111
112
113
113
114
114
114
115
115
115
116
117
118
118
119
119
119
120
120
122
124
124


crossovers ...-.






TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of chief hydrographer, etc.-Continued.
Meteorology-Continued.
Seismology ..... .._-..........---- - -
Monthly rainfall on Isthmus of Panama-- ----
Maximum rainfall in Canal Zone-----_------
Monthly meteorological data-


Ancon, year
Oulebra, yea
Colon, year
Monthly evapora
Tidal conditions,


1913 . . . . . . -- --
r 1913 .. ----.
1913


tion,
yea


Seismograph records,


Hydrography ..-.
General .
Gatun -.--.
Gamboa --
Alhajuela ---
Vigia ----.-..
Rating station
Special investigation


Page.
144
145
146


- - --- - - ------------------------------------------------
----- ---------------------------------------------------------------


Canal Zone, years 1913,1914, and averages.
r 1913--------------
Ancon, fiscal year ------------


------------- ------ - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--- -
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------a


-----


Currents in Colon Harbor ----
Leakage at Gatun Spillway gates_


Seepage
Hydraul
Current
flores
Monthly
Monthly
and G
Principal
Data on
period
Data on


---------------------------------------------------------------a----------------------------------a
- a--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


west emergency dam pit, Miraflores Locks_


ic conditions below Miraflores Spill


observations


below


west


Locks .--.-..
discharge-Chagres River-
maximum, minimum, and
atun and Miraflores Lakes_
1 freshets


slopes
of Nov
slopes


lower


mean


way-


operating


elevations,


gates


Chagres


at Mira-


River


.i


Report of the engineer of terminal construction--
Organization .........------.
General ..-..--.
Design, drafting, and inspection
Permanent shops
Steelwork -
Closures ..............


ns-


of Chagres River and Gatun Lake during freshet
10--11, 1913
of Chagres River and Gatun Lake during freshet


period of May 21-22, 1914


APPENDIX B.






TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of the engineer of terminal construction-Continued.
Installation of mechanical division and shops---Continued.
Piping ... -... - _ _________. - ........- ......... - -_ ___-
Weight of steel, date of acceptance, and contract payments-Bal-
boa shop buildings .................. _.----..__-
Amount of tile erected on permanent shop buildings-_- ..- -
Amount of roof tile manufactured by American Cement Tile Co_
Amount of Barrett specification roofing erected in permanent
shop buildings -. ........ ..----�� .........-.......
Horsepower of motors and their distribution in Balboa shop
buildings.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _. .. _
Number and size of lights in Balboa shop buildings ...... ...
Calculated illumination in Balboa shop buildings-- .....-.-..- -
Per cent completion of electrical installations, Balboa shop build-
rin g s .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . -. ... -_. -
Floor area, in square feet, of various departments of permanent
shop buildings ................---- ----- -- -
Contracts placed for material for permanent shops _.. _


Page.
172

172
173

173



174
174
175

176

177
177


Old and new equipment
ling plants, dry docks,
Designs -.-.
Coaling plants. .
Military usefulness- -
Commercial usefulness
Canal usefulness.
Colliers -------..
Dry docks-----
Floating cranes --..
Pontoons ---.--..
Machinery --
Electrical equipment -


Lt install
floating


ed in Balboa shops- -.-. __- -
cranes, and radio stations


----- - ---� ------------------- -----






**


Erection -........- ----......
Radio stations- .. . . . . . . ..... . .. .
-oil plants- - - ---
and wharf construction-Pacific terminals.
General .a........-.....
Quay wall " G H I " and Pier No. 1 ----
Small-boat landings a....___________a
Quay walls "D E" and "E F "__----


-a --------
------------------------- --

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Unloader and reloader wharves


Tu-gs . . ...... --..
Dimensions of tugs__
Hull and machinery_
Roilers ani enwiins.


- - - a - - -----------------------------------------------------a - - -
a a - ---- -- -- - -- -- - -- -- aa a -- a


Fuel
Pier







TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of the engineer of terminal construction-Continued.
Construction work-Pacific terminals---Continued.
Balboa coaling plant...--- ---------. --_...


Page.
203


Excavation -......-..---
Concrete -.---------
Filling and embankment---
Quay walls and piers. . .
Quay wall "G 0H I "....-...
Bulkhead quay wall "I J M
Pier No. 1.......-------
Quay wall " E F .---..--


Shops .----------
Machine foundationst-
Shops tunnel.......
Drainage ........
* Precise levels .
Panama Railroad yards.
Curundu River culvert.- -
Reclamation of land_


Remo
Naos
Ancox
Sand
Person
Work


or


,val of berm cranes fr
Breakwater.. .
i quarry -----.
service ------
nnel


done, Pacific terminals,


Excavation
Drilling, Pa
Dynamite u
Piles driven,
Reinforcing
Fixed steel,


1
C


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


N"


--- -- - -- -- -- --- -- -


- - - ---------------------------------------------------------------------- - - ----------------------------------
-- - - - - ---------------------------- ---- -
-- - -- - ----- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------- - - ------------------------------------------------ - - -
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------
- - - - - -------------------------------------------------- ----- -------------------------------


n Miraflores.


-a----------------------------- - - - -
- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -


- ------------------------------------ - - - - - - - - -


fiscal year ----.


)y steam shovels, Pacific terminals
ific terminals .- ------..-----


--------------------------------------------
- - - ------------------------------------
-------------- ----


sed, Pacific terminals-
, track laid, track removed, Pacific terminals.
steel, Pacific terminals ---------.--...
Pacific terminals ....--------.---.


----------
--- - ---- - -


- - - - - - -


Performance of steam shovels, Pacific terminals.....
Progress of caisson operations, Pacific terminals.
Concrete placed, Pacific terminals .------.---.
Material placed on Naos Island Breakwater ------.
Operations, Ancon quarry --------------
Sand unloaded from barges ...-. -- --------
Principal items of hand excavation, Pacific terminals


----- - ----- -
------------
--- ------- --
- - - - ---- - - - -
- ------------------------------------------
- -----------
- --- ------- -


Pile trestles constructed, Pacific terminals .. .. . .
Ditches dug, Pacific terminals - - ----------------------- -
Miscellaneous work done, Pacific terminals ...----------
Construction work-Pacific terminals-Balboa town-site subdivision


Balboa town site-- -.--------------
Drainage and sewerage .--


-----------------------
- ---------------------------------- -






OF CONTENTS.


Report of the engineer of terminal construction---Continued.
Atlantic terminals-Construction-Continued.
Water transportation.--- --------
West breakwater, Colon ------.--------------
East breakwater -......- a..- ---....
Construction work-Atlantic terminals ------
Subdivision of Cristobal coaling plant------


Page.
226
227
227
229
229


APPENDIX C.


resident engineer, dredging division--------
on organization- - --- --- -. . .
re-edg-ing
Yardage removed, first district-
Pedro Miguel Locks to sea .-. ..---....- -.----..
Culebra Cut, Pedro Miguel Locks to Gaminboa Dike __
Yardage removed, second district. ....... ."


- - --------------
------ a a -
a a --- -----
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------a -


First d
First d
Second
Dredging
Atlantii
Gatun
Culebra
Miraflo.
Pacific
Atlanti.


---
- - -


district (Pedro Miguel Locks to sea)
district (ulebra Cut)------
dis r c.. . . _.. . . . .


0

I
L
r

'I


operations --
entrance....
Lake -.----...-.
Cut ------
es Lake - .


..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................a ---- -
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - -------
----------------------------------------------- a - ----- - ------- a --------- -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - - - -
S- ----------------------------------- -


eintrance - - - - ---------------------------------- -----------------------------^ --^^---.---.-.--
terminals - ---


Miscellaneous


Clearings and diversions------------------
Paraiso Wharf -------------------
Pontoon bridge --
Water hyacinths----------- -----
Dry excavation ------------------
Culebra Cut ------------------ ------

OfficSurveys -- - -aa--------------. ---
Offic __


241
241
.242


APPENDIX D.


Report of


superintendent-Mechanical


division.--


Balboa shops ....------ --------------- --
Cri stobal shops and dry dock --- ---- - ---------------------- --
P a raise shops -- - - - - -------------------------- - - --- -------------------------


TABLE


Report of
Divisi
D


Dredges retired for repairs and renewals
Subaqueous rock excavation --- ---






TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of superintendent-Mechanical division-Continued.
Value of work performed by mechanical division, exclusive of Cristo-
bal Dry Dock shops and Paraiso shops, for individuals and cornm-
p a n ie s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... -. . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . .-_-.. . . . . . .
Value of work performed by Cristobal dry-dock shops-Abstract of
expenditures .....-------------
Value of work performed by Cristobal dry-dock shops for indi-
viduals and companies ...- .----------------- -
Value of work performed by Paraiso shops-Abstract of expenditures-
Value of work performed by Paraiso shops for individuals and conm-
paq ies-. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .-. .
Total overtime of Paraiso shops and Cristobal dry-dock shops, with
per cent of total pay roll- ------------------
Total overtime of Cristobal dry-dock shops, with per cent of total


pay rol
Total ove;
Actual sh
Applied sl
Output ar
Output an
Output an
Number c
Repairs r
Number o
Hostling


Page.



254

254

254
255


1__-


me of Paraiso shops,


op exp
lop exp
id cost
ad cost
d cost
>f repa
Lade to
f shop
cost-


with per cent of total pay roll...


?nse percentage, dry-dock shops and
iense percentage, dry-dock shops and
of brass castingsl- -----------
of iron castings....
of steel castings ..-....---.
irs to locomotives ------ ---- -
equipment other than locomotives a
and field repairs made to different c


.na


Paraiso shops
Paraiso shops.


nd cars---
:lasses of cars-


- - ----------------------------- ----------


APPENDIX E.


Report of superintendent, division of canal transportation


sion organization ....
Captains of the ports- ----
Board of local inspectors -.-.--
Lighthouse Service---- --
Board of admeasurement ---


Appendix - -- -----------
Report of board of local inspector
Organization and personnel
Navigation laws, etc-----
Accidents and investigations--
Steamboat inspection- ----


- - - - - ---------------------------------------------------------------------- -----
- - - -, a-----a------~--.
- - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - ----
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------------- ----
-----
S-
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -
-
-
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Licenses
Chauffeu
Navigato
Licenses
Licenses


issued ------------------
ES--- - - - - - - --------------------------------------------
rs of motor boats .-.-
revoked ---- --------------
refused .- .--------------- --- -----------
1 /~f ^^n 1 Sinflfls dat' I aaicnA^r


---- ------------------ -- - ---
-- - --------------------------------
--- - -- - - --- - --
--- - -- - - -- - - - ---


Divi








Report of the chief quartermaster, supply department-Continued.
Quarters...... _ _aa-- a........ a aaaa-----...a - ..---...... .....
Zone sanitation.._ . --.--- .----.. ...------.-----------.--- -------
Corrals .... __-- a--a.- - a -- --.-----------a--------.--- -- ---
Building construction- ---- ..--- -------------.------- - --- -----
Material and supplies -.-------.---a..---------.------.-------.
Receipts a- ---- -.-----.------------------------------
Operations of stores .aa---aa.......----------a---
Mount Hope.. a .a.... a----a--..----..- ---.----
Paraiso ....._. . . - .-------------------------------------


Gatuna .a....... -------a --
Balboa .. ---------------
Generala..... a----------a-
Scrap ......____--- ........---.----a
Sales aaa _ _aaa --.. ......... -.------
Subsistence- ...----.....-----------
Commissary branch ._ --.._
EXHIBIT 1.-Force actually at work
EXHIBIT 2.-Force report, by months


-- - ------------------------------------- ---aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
a a-a------- a --- - a -- ---a
a- -a -a-a-a-a-a-- -- .-a- a-a- a- a
a--a-aa-a-aa---.-aaaa------a-a--
a a flaw -a a a- a -a aa Ca- a-a a a aa a
a aa a---a-a--a-a--a------- a--a
a 5--------------- ----------a-a-
June 30, l9l4a _- a----- ---
(Including contractors' forces),


fiscal year ..... .-- ------- ------------ -- ------
3.-High and low force records, December, 1906, to June 30,
1914 - a a..... -..- aa----aa- .-a....---..
4.-Contract laborers brought to Isthmus by Isthmian Canal
Commission-..---------------------.a.----aa------


EXHIBIT
EXHIBIT

EXHIBIT
EXHIBIT
EXHIBIT
EXHIBIT
EXHIBIT
EXHIBIT


EXHIBIT


5.-Analysis of
6.-Occupants
quarters,
7.-Application


transportation from the Isthmus ... ---
of Panama Canal and Panama Railroad
June 30, 1914 a ..---aa----------------.a
s for married quarters on file June 30,1914_


8.-Animals in corrals June 30, 1914 .---------a-a-
9.-Number of buildings on the Canal Zone June 30, 1914-
10.-New frame structures, fiscal year ....---..------.
11.-Buildings sold and demolished, fiscal year .....
12.-Value of material received during fiscal year on requisi-
tions of various departments- ..--a.---------a.-....
13.-Freight statement, fiscal year ....------- --- ---


EXHIBIT 14.-Important
30, 1914
EKHIBIT 15.-Important
of canal
EXHIBIT 16.-Important
EXHIBIT 17.-Classificati
June 30,


EXHIBIT 18.---Value oJ
EXHIBIT 19.-Rolling


items due on United States requisitions June
------------------------------------------------ - a
items of material purchased from inception
work, 1904 to June 30, 1914 ......
items of material received, fiscal year..
on of material in stock at storehouses,


1914_


- ----------- aaa- aa a aa- a------------
hiand at warehouses, June 30, 1914_-
1, 1914-- ..----------------------
A _. - - - t_ _ . j


TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Page.


EXHIBIT

EXHIBIT


! stock on 1
stock, Jul1
*





TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


Report of the chief quartermaster, supply department-Continued.
APPENDIx.-Report of resident engineer, etc.-Continued.


Hydroelectri
Transmission
Gatun s
Miraflor
Cristoba
Balboa
Commissary
Commissary,
Shops office,
Fire station
Schoolhouse


station power plant ... _ ...a- -----. -. ---
line substations- .a.a. -..a..-----___
bstation --.... . ... - .- aa_ ....


es substation-___
I substation .
substation ----a.-
warehouse.
Balboa
Building No. 28.


--- -- --------------------- -- --- - --
------ - - ------------------------------------------ -- --


- - ------------------------------ -----U


n- n fl - ------------------------ -- ---


Radio stations .- -a----------- -.
Darien radio station.._._.
Colon radio station
Balboa radio station -...---
Lock control houses- .........
Ancon commissary --.-_ ......
Force . .. . . . . . . .


------ a
a - - -- -
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa - - - - - - - - -


Page.
314
315
316
316
317
318
318
319
.319
320
320
320
320
321
321
321
322


APPENDIX Gr


Report of auditor, accounting departmentL
Organization-.-------------
Permanent accounting system------..
Panama and Colon waterworks accounts


-------------------------- -- - -a
------
- ------------------a - -a


Miscell
Canal
Claims
Canal
Tables


aneous work -------...
Zone accounts......---.-..
for injuries and deaths-_
appropriations- --
submitted with report (for


- a - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ - - -
-------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------


index see p. 332)


--- ---------------------------- - - -
- -----a--a--n----


APPENDIX H.


Report of chief health officer, department of health (for index see p. 375)_


APPENDIX I-1.


Report of executive secretary, executive department .- ----------
Organization .-.--- .--..--.-----.----- a.-----.........------ --- --


Executive office------a------
Clerical bureau.-----------
Personal bureau ----------
Time-keeping bureau ... .
Cost-keeping bureau - .. .
Riirnu of clubs and nlaverounds....--


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --

----------------------- - - - -
-------------------------- a - - a

-------------------- a -






OF CONTENTS.


Report of executive secretary, executive department---Continued.
Organization-Continued.
Executive office-Continued.
Special attorney's office....-a-..a ....a..-------- -


Division of civil affairs-- ..
Licenses and taxes--
Customs service- ----
Administration of estates
Division of posts- --. . ---.
Division of schools..
Police and fire division- -..
Police and prisons-- -.
Fire protection_


C ourts _- .-...- .-..............
Marshal.....-
Relations with Panama and forei
Legislation ..- .-- ..--�.. .
Appendices to report (for table (


----- ----- ----- a -- - -- - -- -
- - - - - - - - ---- - - - - - - - - -- -


gn representatives.

)f contents, see n. 422)....


APPENDIX 1-2.


Report of cost-keeping account ant-- ...---- - -.......----- ----
EXHIBIT A.-Statement of construction expenditures to June 30, 1914_
Total cost by geographical divisions-----------
Percentage of surcharge over construction cost_--- -
Total construction cost for various units of work a-------
D ry excavation ......-...........a...-..
M asonry ....-................
Dry filling _
EXHIBIT B.-Detailed cost per unit of work .......


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
EXHIBIT C.
TABLE
and
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE


1.-Dredging excavation
2.-Hydraulic excavation-
3.-Colon west breakwater


----- -- ----------------------
- ------------------------------a----------------------------------a a - a
- - ---------------------------------a--------------------------------------


4.-Stone production .....- a.a.a .aa
5.-Sand production --..--- -- - -----..... ....---
-Detailed cost to June 30, 1914_ ...------....
1.-Spillway gates, caissons, and machinery, lock gates
fender chains, emergency dams, hydroelectric power plant-
2.-Lock-operating machinery . -..- _ ..-.- --.-.-..


3.-Transmission system -
4.-Aids to navigation
5.-Cristobal terminals -
6.-Balboa terminals .
7.-Permanent town sites


- -------- - ----------- ------- - -
- - - - - - -------- ---- - - - - - - - - a - - a
- - a - ---------- - -------- - - - - - a


-- - - - -


TABLE


Page.
409


w -* f


]


m




TABLE


OF CONTENTS.


APPENDIX I1-3.


Report of special attorney_ -- ------
Legislation--- -.....-- -.. ....- --....
Organization-------- -. ----


Criminal


matters ..a .. ________ . - ....


Civil cases in the Canal Zone courts in which the United States and
the Panama Railroad Co. are interested_


Claims disposed


of without suit.....


APPENDIX J.


Report of


the general


purchasing


officer


chief


the Washington


office


APPENDIX K.


Tables showing increases in salaries and personnel_
Department of operation and maintenance -


Supply department ..
Accounting department
Department of health. .


Executive


department


Office of special attorney


Washington


office ..--


APPENDIX L.

Acts of Congress affecting the Panama Canal and Executive orders relat-
ing to the Canal Zone (for index see p. 553)----- -----


APPENDIX M.

Charts showing organization of The Panama Canal and Panama Railroad


Co., July, 1914


63399


(for index see p. 603)-------------


14--n


Page.
511


- - - -- ----- ---- - -
- - - - - - - - a -- -




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LIST


OF


ILLUSTRATIONS.


APPENDIX A.


[Report of Engineer of Maintenance.]


Plate.


Pedro Miguel Lock.


East chamber, looking north.


All valves in east wall


fully open.


February 21, 1914.


Pedro Miguel Lock.


East chamber, looking north.


Discharge showing


cornm-


plete from the 11 culverts of east wall.
Operation of Miraflores Locks. S. S. Sat


February 21, 1914.


tta Clara in lower west chamber,


lock filling.


Looking south.


June 18, 1914.


Operation of Miraflores Locks.


S. S. Santa Clara in upper west chamber,


lock filling.


Operation


Looking south.


of Gatun


Locks.


June 18, 1914.
East emergency


dam


subjected


to head


50 feet of water. Look
Operation of Gatun Locks.


ing south from intermediate gates.


First boat through.


May 6,1914.


Tug Gatun entering lower


lock,


west chamber.


Looking


south


from


forbay.


September 26,1913.


'. Operation of Gatun Locks.


S. S. Ancon leaving upper west chamber and


entering the lake.


Gatun spillway dam completed, and hydroelectric station


under construc-


abutment.


December 30,


1913.


Gatun spillway dam completed and hydroelectric station under construe-


tion.


Looking south.


February 7


1914.


Gatun hydroelectric station.


Exterior of gatehouse.


Pedro Miguel Lock.
Pedro Miguel Lock.
Pedro Miguel Lock.


General view from Luisa Hill.
West chamber, illuminated.
Control house.


June 6,1914.


Operation of Miraflores Locks.


S. S. Santa Clara in upper west chamber.


Lock filling.


Looking south.


June 18, 1914.


Miraflores Locks.


Control board.


Following plates, 71 to 75 and 186, in portfolo.


Diagram


showing


area


cross


section


at different


points


filling


flU' s .rn.rrL,


A.--1-- A..JKN






XVIII


LIST


OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


Plate.
76.

77.

78.

79.

80.

81.


APPENDIX A-1.

[Report of electrical and mechanical engineer.]

Following plates, 76 to 95, in portfolio.


Miraflores Locks. Head-to
machines.
Miter-gate moving machine.
and 32.
Miter-gate moving machine.
and 32.
Miter-gate moving machine.
and 32.
Miter-gate moving machine.
and 32.
Gatun Locks. Miter-gate
cycle for nonsimultaneous
31 and 32.


rque characteristics of rising stem gate-valve


Current-duty cycle for opening gates Nos. 31

Current-duty cycle for closing gates Nos. 31

Current-duty cycle for opening gates Nos. 31

Current-duty cycle for closing gates Nos. 31


moving machine.
operation of gates.


Maximum current of duty
. Opening miter gates Nos.


Gatun Locks. Miter-gate
cycle for nonsimultaneous
31 and 32.
Gatun Locks. Miter-gate m
for nonsimultaneous opera
Gatun Locks. Miter-gate mi


for nonsimultan
Miraflores Lock.
and descending


moving machine. Maximum current of duty
operation of gates. Closing miter gates Nos.


loving
ition o
loving


eous operation o
Towing locomo
incline at west v


machine. Maximum
f opening miter gati
machine. Maximum
if closing miter gate
tive. Current-duty
vall.


n strut compression
es Nos. 31 and 32.
n strut compression
s Nos. 31 and 32.
cycle for ascending


Gatun Locks.
1913.
Gatun Locks.
lamp stand
standard No


Gatun
Valu
side
Gatun
Valu
west


Gd


Locks.


Graphic


wattmeter


curve


power


demand.


November


Illumination. Cut-off distances for concrete reflectors of
rds, elevation of eye, 3 feet 6 inches above the rail. Lamp
. 194.
Illumination. Center-wall illumination with all lights on,


es taken at a point
of the middle level.
Locks. Illuminatio
es taken at a point
side of the middle


3 feet 6 inches
New, rough,
n. Center-wall
3 feet 6 inche
level. White


3 above rail on center wall, west
whitewashed reflectors.
I illumination with all lights on.
s above the rail on center wall,
washed reflectors, old and soiled.


itun Locks. Illumination. Profile of west wall giving illumination at
a point 3 feet 6 inches above rail, using whitewashed reflectors, old but
moderately clean. Lamp standard No. 280.


Gatun Locks
June 8, 191
fna twn Tnlcm.


Log tests


made


in towing


S. S. Allianca


through


locks.


4.


Mannlnroment nf rise nf wdlffes above seats nnder full head.


I


I






ULIST


OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


APPENDIX A-2.


[Report of resident engineer, division of municipal engineering.]


Plate.


Agua Clara purification plant.


'. Mount


Hope


waterworks and


General view looking south.


purification


plant,


showing


April 4, 1913.
sedimentation


basin, aeration basin, and filter building.
Mount Hope waterworks and purification plant.


Front view filter build-


ing and pump station.


Miraflores


water-purification


plant.


Wash-water


tank.


Looking


south.


May 30, 1914.


Miraflores purification plant.


in portfolio.


Elevation plan and section.


. Miraflores


purification


plant.


and sections.


Filter


buildings,


general


location,


plans


Chlorine chart, Miraflores Lake.


APPENDIX


[Report of chief hydrographer,


A-3.


section of meteorology and hydrography.]


Following plates,
Plate.


99 to 112


, in portfolio.


Wind roses, year 1913.


Hydrograph of Gatun Lake.
Hydrograph of Miraflores Lake.
Mass curve of total yield, Gatun Lake.


Rainfall, runoff and percentage


runoff, Gatun Lake, year


1913.


Gatun Lake watershed.


Mass curves of total


yield,


net yield,


land area


yield, storage,


rainfall, and evaporation on lake surface.


Chagres River drainage basin.


Chagres River drainage


basin.


. Chagres River drainage basin.


Mass curve of discharge at Alhajuela.
Curve of discharge duration, Alhajuela.
Curve of discharge duration for 24 years,


Alhajuela.


Gatun


Spillway.


Changes due to operation of gates.


Gatun Spillway.
Gatun Spillway.
Miraflores Locks.


Leaka
Leaka


ge of gates.
ge of gates.


December


23 to 25


1913.


March 12 to 14, 1914.


Current observations taken below west lower operating


gates.


Hydrographs


showing


surge in Culebra


Cut at pontdon bridge on locking


water at Pedro


Miguel Lock.


APPENDIX B.

[Report of engineer of terminal construction.]


Plate.


-~1t A. C n 'S.. *.-fl a .5 -.- -. C * I C S SW


Following plates, 96 to 9


--h






LIST


Plate.
25.


OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


Balboa terminals. Condition of south wall of Dry Dock No. 1 after ex-
cavation by steam shovels to elevation -40. Slope taken is at natural
dip of rock. June 26, 1914.


Balboa terminals.
condition along in
Balboa terminals.
over coal pocket.
Balboa terminals.
Pier No. 1. June


East end of
line. June
Supporting
June 30, 19
Beam and
27, 1914.


north wall
26, 1914.
runway pie
14.
floor reinfo


of Dry Dock No. 1, showing


rs for coal rehandling cranes


rcement


in superstructure


Asphalt-concrete mixing plant at Balboa.
Making asphalt concrete roads at Balboa.


June 27, 1914.
June 27, 1914.


Cristobal coaling station, showing caissons in reloader foundations, look-
ing south. May 26, 1914.
Cristobal coaling station, showing east bridge tract wall and south end
of caissons under unloading wharf. Looking north. July 9, 1914.
East Breakwater, Limon Bay, Coco Solo storage yard, looking west from


east end. August 12, 1914.
Toro Point Breakwater, top view, looking out.
Toro Point Breakwater, sea slope, looking out.


April 21, 1914.
April 21, 1914.


Following plates, 113 to 128, in portfolio.


Balboa shops and yards.


General plan.


Dry Dock No. 1, Balboa. General plan and section.
Dry Dock No. 1, Balboa. Cross sections.
Balboa coaling plant. General plan.
Balboa coaling plant. Cross sections.
Balboa townsite. General plan.
Floating cranes Ajax and Hercules. Elevations.
Floating cranes Ajax and Hercules. Plan and sections.
Fuel-oil plant, Atlantic terminals. General plan.
Fuel-oil plant, Pacific terminals. General plan.
Cristobal coaling plant. General plan.
Cristobal coaling plant. Cross sections.
East Breakwater. General plan.
East Breakwater. Cross sections.


Type A tugs.
Type A tugs.


Deck plans.
Outboard profile.


APPENDIX C.

[Report of resident engineer, dredging division.]


Plate.


a lM . . 0 .. - . j i._ - _----------- _- _s- * _ - _ -- -- - - - - .4 Whf - --- -L -< -






LIST


OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


Plate.


Culebra Cut, Culebra.


canal.


Looking north from east bank, showing bottom of


August 23, 1913.


Culebra Cut, Culebra.


Looking south from east bank.


Surface of water


72.3 feet above sea level.


October 30, 1913.


Culebra Cut, Empire.


Looking south from suspension bridge.


Surface of


water 72.3 feet above sea level.


October 30, 1913.


Culebra


looking


north


from


one-fourth


mile


south


of suspension


bridge at Empire.
. Culebra Cut, Empire.


Cut completed at bridge.


June 16, 1913.


Looking south from west bank near Cunette.


face of water 72.3 feet above sea level.


October 30, 1918.


Culebra Cut, Empire.


Looking south, showing suspension bridge.


Decem-


ber, 1913.


Culebra


Culebra.


Looking south from Contractors


Hill.


Cucaracha


slide in left center.
Culebra Cut, Culebra.


May


1913.


Looking north.


Lower part of Cucaracha slide on


. right.


Culebra C


Looking


August 18, 1913.
!ut. Cucaracha slide, from west bank south of Contractors Hill.
g north. October 16, 1913.


Culebra


Culebra.


Blasting


channel


through


Cucaracha


slide.


Looking north.


October 16, 1913.


Culebra


Culebra.


Looking


south


from


of Contractors


Hill.


Cucaracha slide to left.


December


1913.


Culebra


from


Contractors


Hill,


showing


ladder and


dipper dredges


working on toe of Cucaracha slide.


December 9, 1913.


Culebra Cut, Culebra.
in Cucaracha slide.


Culebra Cut.
150 feet.


. Culebra


Looking north from west bank.


December 9


Dredges operating


1913.


Looking north from west bank.


December
. Culebra.


Width of channel at slide,


18, 1913.


Seag


suction


dredge


Culebra


passing


Cuca-


racha slide.


January 20, 1914.


Culebra


Culebra.


Looking north


from


Contractors Hill.


June


1914.


Culebra


Culebra.


Looking south from


west bank,


showing dredges


working in Cucaracha slide.


June, 1914.


Gamboa


Dike.


Opening


the valves


flooding


Culebra


Water


coming through four pipes.
Blowing up Gamboa Dike.


October 1, 1913.


Looking north from


boat in


canal


south


dike.


October 10, 1913.


Aids to navigation. Beacons in Culebra Cut.
Naos Island Breakwater. Looking south from Sosa Hill.


Paraiso
March


pontoon


bridge.


Launching


pontoon


at Mount


Hope


shops.


1914.


Pnrniin


nontoon


hri A ra


Tnokine


nort-h


tfl'II IA nni Jli lIlc. rK.1.At.,. n Eli


showing


train


rnRsainr


annul


B 1 fI| I.I


.






XXII


LIST


OF ILLUSTRATIONS.


APPENDIX TO


APPENDIX F.


[Report of resident engineer, permanent building division, supply department.]


Plate.


New administration building, Balboa Heights.
New administration building, Balboa Heights.


North front.
South front.


68. Completed four-family house in the new village of Balboa.
69. The new village of Balboa from the administration building.
70. The transmission line substation at Miraflores.

APPENDIX M.
[Charts showing organization of The Panama Canal and Panama Railroad Co., July, 1914.]

All plates in portfolio.


Plate.


. General organization.


Executive department.
Engineer of maintenance.
Division of terminal construction.
Dredging division.
Mechanical division.
Division of canal transportation.
Supply department.
Accounting department.
Health department.
Washington office.
Panama Railroad.












ANNUAL


REPORT


OF THE


ISTHMIAN


CANAL


COMMISSION


AND


THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


THE PANAMA


CANAL,


OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR,


Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, 8S


ptember �0, 1914.


I have


construction,


honor to


operation


submit


maintenance,


annual


sanitation,


report


and


covering
protection


The Panama Canal for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1914.

ORGANIZATION.


The organization


which


existed


at the close of the


previous fiscal


year and


was described in the


last annual report underwent a num-


changes


reduced


and


during


concentration


year,
what


construction


remained


seemed


work


desirable


was
and


advantageous.
All municipal engineering work in


formed


the construction


divisions,


Canal Zone


as well


as that


formerly per-
performed in


cities


Colon


and


Panama


division


public


works,


department of


civil administration,


was consolidated


effective


July


1913


Mr.


, forming


George


Wells


division
resident


municipal


engineer,


engineering,


reporting


under
chief


i-" Iv n� a I l


rE I tF I I





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


Balboa town site, independent of the division of municipal engineer-


ming.


While the


work of the first two


forces was directly under the


supervision


of the chief


engineer,


reduce


the cost of


administra-


.tion they were assigned to the quartermaster'


department; the force


of the


landscape


architect


was placed


under the second


division


the chief engineer


office.


Effective


central


October
division


1913


and


the time


cost


keeping


keeping


and


cost


keeping for


quartermaster


department
consolidated


were transferred


with


forces


the office of the chief


already


organized


under


engineer and


this


office


take care of the time keeping and cost keeping of


other branches of


the work.


With the admission of water into Culebra


Cut by the blowing up


of Gamboa Dike on


October


10, 1913,


the central division


was abol-


ished.


The


remaining


dry


excavation


in the


territory


covered


this division


was placed


under


a resident


engineer reporting to the


chief


engineer


all surveying work and


dredging were placed under


the sixth


division


of the chief


engineer


office,


and


transporta-


tion
were


forces,


with


concentrated


those of the first


under


fifth


superintendent


and fortification


divisions,


transportation


and


placed


with


the< second


division


of the


office


of the


chief


engineer;


the central division


property


accountability was transferred


to the


quartermaster


department.


Effective


October


1913


the concrete


work


remaining to


cornm-


plete the constriction of the locks at Gatun was transferred from the


Atlantic division to the first division,


which could do it in connection


with installation of the machinery and towing tracks with the same


supervisory


force


similar


unfinished


work


in connection


with


Pacific


Locks


was also


transferred


first


division


the same


time.


On January


1, 1914, all dry excavation still in progress in connec-


tion


with


Culebra


Cut


construction


Naos


Island


Breakwater, the sluicing operations on the east bank of the Cut north


of Gold Hill


relieve


pressure, and


the fill of the town site at


Balboa


were


Greenslade


i *ii n


consolidated


, general
In ahie r


and


placed


superintendent,


amannrr QQo


ofa


in charge


and


Thb


Mr.


constituted


auditinu


n'


. . . ..h . . ...


George
fourth


ronertv


*- -






REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


tion of the west breakwater and the operation of Porto Bello quarry


were transferred


to the second division of the chief engineer'


office


while the work remaining at Gatun Dam, El


Cano saddle, back fill


at Miraflores,
sluicing at Gold


Liraflores


Hill


spillway


were placed


channel


Ancon


quarry,


directly under the chief


and


engineer.


Effective April 1,


1914, by


Executive order and in conformity with


the Panama Canal act of August 24, 1912, the existing organization


was abolished and


the one contemplated


by the act was made effec-


tive.


Under this organizations


there


were created a


department


operation


and maintenance,


a purchasing


department, a supply


apartment, an accounting department,


a health


department,


an execu-


tive office


and a


Washington office of The Panama Canal.


The


department


operation


and


maintenance


was


placed


charge of the (
the department


governor and in


is assisted


the administration
r an engineer of m


of the affairs of
Maintenance and a


superintendent of canal transportation.


To provide for the remain-


ing construction


work as well as the


maintenance


and


operation


the canal


,the department was organized with the following divisions


The division


of terminal


the design, inspection


and


construction,


construction


which
dry


i embraces c
docks, shops,


iarge of
coaling


and fuel-oil


plants,


floating cranes, docks, and


other terminal facili-


ties


construction


transportation


rail


road


street


and


sewer


work in the new town of Balboa


and the breakwater construction at


the Atlantic terminal, reporting to the Governor.


The


division


erection


electrical


division;


division


municipal


engineering;


division


lighthouses,


until


June


1914,


when it was abolished


and the office engineer with his


forces,


were placed under the engineer of maintenance.


The dredging division,


fortification


division


mechanical


division,


and


remaining


construction


work


consisting


sluicing


in the


vicinity


Gold


Hill


, completion


Naos


Island


Breakwater,


cavation in the dry to relieve side pressure in the vicinity of Culebra,
and grading and filling at the locks and dams, combined in a general
construction division, report directly to the Governor.


The division
superintendent


canal


transportation,


transportation


under


reporting


supervision o
ie Governor,


a


-. 1U a r U * | � * � � *


q


m





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


The quartermaster'


department


and


subsistence


department,


as outlined in previous annual reports,


were consolidated to constitute


the supply dej
Wood as chief


artment,


which


quartermaster.


was placed in


charge of Capt.


R. E.


It has charge of the storing and dis-


tribution of all material and supplies for use of The Panama Canal


and


employees,


and


other


departments


on the


Isthmus


ana


their employees, and for vessels of the United States and other vessels


when


required.


operates


commissaries,


hotels,


and


messes;


charge of the maintenance of buildings,


the assignment of


quarters,


and care of grounds.


It recruit


and


distributes unskilled labor and


is in charge of the necessary animal transportation.


The accounting department,


as organized, consists of the auditor's,


the
mad


paymaster'


e


and


for administrative


collector's


offices.


purposes only


The


consolidation


was


order to secure economy,


auditor


having supervision


and


direction


entire


depart-


ment;


heads


the subdivisions,


however,


independent


their own particular spheres.


The department has charge of general


bookkeeping, auditing, and accounting for both money and property,


examination


pay


rolls


and


vouchers,


inspection


time


books and of money and property accounts, the administrative exami-


nation


and


of accounts
bursement


as required
f funds foi


law,


The


and


Panama


collection,


Canal


and


custody,
te Canal


Zone.


The


accounting


department


was


placed


charge


Mr.


H. A. A. Smith as auditor for The Panama Canal,


McLean as paymaster and Mr.


with Mr. John H.


L. Clear as collector.


The


health


department was organized


under the supervision


and


direction


a chief


health


officer,


Lieut.


Col.


Charles


Mason,


United States Army.


This department


is charged


with all matters


relating


maritime


sanitation


and


quarantine


ports


and


waters of the Canal Zone and in the harbors of the cities of Panama


and Colon


and with land sanitation in the Canal Zone and sanitary


matters
between


in the


terminal


United


cities


States


in conformity


and


Republic


with


canal'


Panama,


treaty


together


with all matters relating to hospitals and charities.
The civil functions of the Canal Zone were placed in charge of an


executive


secretary


who,


under


direction


Governor,


� -- - - - mil . a






REPORT OF


THE


GOVERNOR.


The scope of the work of the


Washington office remained about the


same as previously reported, Maj. F.
being continued in charge as general
office.


Boggs,


United States Army,


purchasing officer and chief


Executive order of May 20, 1914, a committee of six


members


was created to arrange and provide suitable ceremonies for the formal
and official opening of The Panama Canal, as is provided for in sec-


tion 4 of the Panama Canal act.


The committee is composed of per-


sons who were members of the Isthmian Canal Commission and is to
be known and referred to as the committee for the formal and official
opening of the Panama Canal.

CONSTRUCTIOiN.

PERSONNEL.


The central division


, embracing the same work as described in the


annual report for 1913, continued in charge of Lieut. Col.


D.D.


Gail


lard


, United States Army


as division engineer, until the division was


abolished on October 15,
leave from May 7, 1913,


1913.


During his absence on regular annual


to July 2,


1913


and


during the part of his


illness from


July


1913


October


work was


con-


ducted by


Resident Engineer


Zinn a


acting division engineer.


Subsequent to the abolition of the division and until January


1, 1914,


Mr. Zinn continued in charge of steam-shovel work which was under-


taken


to lighten the banks, of the approaches to the pontoon bridge,


and of the Naos Island Breakwater.
of a tumor on the brain, December 5,


Col. Gaillard died


as the result


1913.


The work


of dry excavation in


Culebra


Cut was divided into


two


districts


one


extended


from


Gamboa


Culebra,


which


continued


in charge of Mr. J


Hagan,


superintendent,


until


September


1913


when he was transferred


Naos Island Breakwater, relieving


Supt. W. T
remained in


under


The


Reynolds,


who


resigned


charge until the consolidation


fourth


breakwater


division,


was then


chief


placed


engineer


under


Mr.


on September


1913.


of the construction


office,
Will


January


work
1914.


Casey, general


foreman.


The


district


from


Culebra


Pedro


Miguel


Locks


con-


m -- A A m l m wm m I A --






THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


April 1, 1914.


Maj


James P


. Jervey,


United States Army, resident


engineer,


continued


min charge


construction


work of the Gatun Locks until September 26,


1913.


Maj.


e masonry
George M.


Hoffman, United States Army, resident engineer, continued in charge


of the Gatun Dam and spillway until September 28, 1913.


On these


dates both the latter officers were relieved on account of the practical


completion o
States Army
construction


their


work.


Lieut.


Col.


William


Judson,


United


assistant division engineer, continued in charge of the


of the


breakwater at Toro


Point


and


the operation


Porto


Bello quarry until


the abolition


of the division,


when he


continued in


charge of the same


until April 1, 1914,
duty with the canal.


work as assistant division engineer


when, on his own request,


was relieved from


The


fifth


division,


chief


engineer'


office


continued


charge


Mr.


Cole


as resident


engineer,


and


had


charge


masonry


construction of the Pacific locks, dams, and spillway, the operation of


Ancon


quarry,


and


excavation


channel


between


Pedro


Miguel and Miraflores Locks until


October


1913


when


the locks


were transferred


to the first division, and he continued in charge of


the balance of the work until January 31, 1914,


when the amount of


work remaining necessitated a reorganization and he severed his con-


nection


with the canal.


Other


officials


connected


with


work


during


year


ferred to elsewhere in the report.
LOCKS AND DAMS.


Gatun Locks.-As noted in the last annual report,


the concrete work


of the locks assigned


to the Atlantic division


was


finished


June


1913,


with


buttons


and


the exception


mooring


of the lamp-post bases,


posts,


stairway


parapets,


bases


and


for snubbing
ie closing of


openings left for construction purposes.


During the year just ended


there were laid


525 cubic yard


of concrete in


the locks structure at


a division


calking


cost of $95.2529 per


concrete


previously


cubic


laid);


yard


min the


(including finishing
construction of the


and
con-


trol house


, 94 cubic yards at a division cost of $81.2796 per cubic yard,


and


9,785 cubic yards in connection


with


installation of the ma-






REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


sand


was handled


by the


unloading cableways


during the


year,


they were used for transferring material from


the stock piles to the


tunnel


hoppers and


unloading


coal


for use


on the


west


side


the locks.


The


back filling of the side


walls, made of material


tained


from


borrow


pits,


was


continued


until


December


1913


when the status of available money necessitated discontinuing further


work.


The amount placed during the year was 91,576 cubic yards at


a division cost of $1.4304


trial


used


back


per cubic yard.
mI to June 30,


The total amount of ma-


1914,


aggregated


2,119,406


cubic yards placed behind the
per cubic yard, and a total ol


side walls at a division cost of $0.5007
113,163 cubic yards placed in the cen-


wall


a division


cost


scrapers, locomotive cranes,


of $0.7692
and hand


cubic


labor were


yard.
used


back fill to final grade, at a cost for the year of $47,376.79.


Teams


and


> bring the
To the end


of the fiscal year a total of $56,673.61


was expended on


work for this


final


gradin


and the


The


concrete


Panama Railroad


paving


of the slope


was completed


between


during the year


at a


locks
total


cost of $10,726.54.


The


lamp-posts,


snubbing buttons,


and mooring


posts were completed in place.


The construction of the control house,


begun


in April,


1913,


was


continued


force


Atlantic


division
division


completed
door and


until


October


1913


when


it was taken


over


with other unfinished work in the Atlantic division.


by the close of


window


frames.


fiscal


The


year,


amount


with


the exception


expended


first


It was
of the


construc-


tion of the building


which i


of reinforced concrete


tile roof and tile


floors,


was $54,391.60.


Gatun


pillway.


-Work


on the


spillway


consisted


in completing


the fill of the openings of the valves in


the piers to full height,


the body of the dam, raising


setting the valves, and completing the bridge.


So far as the spillway proper is concerned, the structure


was finally


finished in


October


During the


year


7,047


cubic


yards


concrete


were


laid,


an average


making the total amount of


concrete


cost


$8.9005


placed in


cubic


the structure


yard,
31,179


cubic yards, at an average cost of $7


on either


side and


back fill


73 per cubic yard.


in connection


with


them


The steps
were com-


pleted by the supply department and finished in May, 1914.


jt~7 *~ - - - - - ~


i.xT ^--^


J-h 4-it La] aW


S j *'
n t'. fl fl-v a rJ - W~


,,.1 n n ... . . 1


*.rt~c5VI Jt]E I SIfltyJ -- ')l I** 1 lr 5th .|*. |, m �| | | ||| | IU *l* . h. 1. aI|** *| A 1I*||F ||o | *IY~J*fl|l * *I ,I





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


cost of $0.4033 per cubic yard.


Paving the upstream slope, as outlined


in the last annual report,


was completed in August,


1913, and


9,860


cubic


yards of large


riprap rock from


Sosa


Hill


and from excava-


tion


$2.0403


dry
cubic


dock
yard


Balboa


in place.


were
The


used
total


a division


amount


cost


large


and


crushed rock used for paving, therefore,


was 94,330 cubic yards, and


the average division cost was $1.4378 per cubic yard.


Permanent tracks


aggregating 5,780 feet in length


with


proper


continued
negligible.


grades


and


throughout


curves.


year.


were laid


with


Observations


Seepage


from


good rails and
for settlement


dam


ties,
were
been


At the close of the rainy season two small streams were


found


issuing


from


north


in the


west


portion


but with the advance of the dry season these ceased entirely


Sdam,
There


was no seepage of any kind apparent in the east portion of the dam.


Pedro


Miguel


Locks.-Masonry


construction


carried


on at


these


locks by the fifth division consisted of lamp-post bases, bases for snub-


bing buttons and posts, stairway wells, and the control house.


What


remained after October


1913


was taken


over


by the first division


in connection


with


concrete


that


was


placed


as an incident


installation


operating


machinery.


The


amount


con-


create
cost


laid in


the lock structure


2.3520


cubic


was


yard,


1,087


cubic


including


yards, at a


finishing


and


division
calking


concrete
592 cubic


previously 1l
yards, at a


aid; in t
division


construction


cost of $62.5423


control


cubic


yar


house,
1, and


10.961


cubic yards in


connection


with


the installation


of machinery,


at a division cost of $11.1332 per cubic yard.


As the machinery and


wiring


were


complete- the


installed,


work.


The


additional


total


concrete


amount


will


concrete


be required
laid at the


Pedro Miguel Locks (exclusive of that used in the construction of the


control


house)


from


beginning


of the


work to


close


of the


fiscal year was 928,326 cubic yards, and the division cost was $5.6575


per cubic yard.


Work on the control house was begun in May


1913,


and
the


was completed


doors,


windows


the close


and


plumbing.


year


The


with


amount


the exception


expended


on the


construction of the building,


which is of reinforced concrete, tile roof


and


floors,


was


$68,521.95.


The


back


filling


side


walls


XaG rn"mnlltttl in MTVroh 1.14- a n


tho fllinr of thi center wall in





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


Miraflores Locks.-At the close of the previous fiscal year the con-


create of the locks proper was completed,


bases for snubbing buttons and mooring posts,


except the lamp-post bases,


parapets around the


stairways,
During the


and


nosing


end


year just ended 2,844 cubic


south-approach


yards of


concrete


were


pier.
laid


locks structure at


(including


finishing


and


Sdivisio:
calking


cost of $20.6624


concrete


previously


per cubic yard


laid)


in the


construction


of the control house, 949 cubic yards at a division


cost


of $57.2407 per cubic yard, and 18,241 cubic yards in connection with


the installation


of the machinery


at a division


cost of $11.3685


cubic


yard.


stallation
building


Additional
machinery


of lamp-post


concrete


and


remained


wirinmg


bases on


placed,


were


as the


completed.


southeast wing wall


was


The
inter-


rupted by the necessity of transferring sand operations to Miraflores,


and


they remain


placed.


The


amount of


concrete


laid


the Miraflores Locks


(exclusive of that


used


the construction


the control house)


from


beginning


of the


work to


the close of


the fiscal year was 1,507,794 cubic yards at a division cost of $5.1695
per cubic yard.


The total amount of


concrete laid in


the Pacific Locks


(exclusive


of that


used in


fiscal


the construction


year


aggregated


of the control houses)


2,436,120


cubic


yards


at the close
an average


division cost of $5.3555 per cubic yard.


Backfilling


lock


walls


Miraflores


was


continued,


material


for the west side being obtained from a borrow pit on the northwest


side of
channel


Cocoli


Hill


and


discharging


on the east side


overflow


from


from


excavation


spillway


into


canal, from Diablo and Sosa Hills.


The backfilling of the side walls


was


completed


in May,


1914,


and


filling


of the


center


wall


March, 1914.


During the fiscal year 360,198 cubic yards of material


were


placed


behind


the side


walls at a division


cost of $0.6021


cubic yard,


and


92,244 cubic


yards in


the center wall


a division


cost of $0.52


per cubic yard.


The total amount of material


used


back fill


to June 30


, 1914,


was


2,366


52 cubic


yards


placed


behind


side


walls at


a division


cost


$0.3855


cubic


yard,


and 249,457


cubic yards placed in the center wall at a division


cost


n4 nor niihn var/I







in February, 1914.


THE PANAMA OANAL.
PDuring the year 98,424 cubic yards of material
During the year 98,424 cubic yards of material


(secured from a borrow pit on the northwest side of Cocoli Hill)
were placed in this dam at a division cost of $0.6431 per cubic yard.
The total amount of dry filling placed in the dam since the begin-


ning


of the


work is


1,758,423


cubic


yards,


a division


cost of


$0.4582 per cubic yard.
The design, construction, and inspection of the lock gates, chain


fenders, emergency


dams, operating machinery, and


electrical


stallations continued in charge of Col. H. F. Hodges, United States


Army, as assistant chief


engineer until April 1,


1914, and subse-


quently as engineer of maintenance.
Lock gates.-The construction and erection of the lock gates under
contract were continued and completed in accordance with the sup-
plemental articles of agreement entered into January 14, 1913. At
Gatun all the gates for the west flight were completed on September
24, 1913; all the gates for the east flight on December 30, 1913. At
Pedro Miguel all the gates for the east lock were completed Septem-


ber 30, 1913, and for the west lock on December 30, 1913.


At Mira-


flores the gates for the west flight were completed on September 30,


1913, and for the east flight on January 10, 1914.


All the gates were


completed


within


time specified in


the supplemental


contract,


the time at Miraflores being anticipated by about two months.


The


original contract provided that the contractor should paint the gates
with two coats of red lead, at his expense, and with a third coat of
some other pigment to be furnished by the Isthmian Canal Commis-


sion, applied to the gates at the contractor's cost.


To provide for


more complete protection, this agreement was modified and at Gatun
arrangement was made for an additional coat, making two of red


lead and two others, instead of one.


These additional coats consisted,


of United


States


Navy


anticorrosive


and


antifouling


paint, and were applied to those parts
locks which are constantly under water.


at Gatun two coats of equal


applied.


of the gates in the lower
On the remaining gates


parts of graphite and red lead were


It was intended that no red lead should be used at Pedro


Miguel except for the upper guard gates, the protection to consist


of three coats of damp-proof paint.


At Miraflores the gates in the


- __ -- I . -^^ -1... �.. � ann ai��- arm anw * *J-n d^ -l~ n- l-,nJ'H-tvnW^-�T/ -fJ rrrnn haif- ,rn-li'Tn SwVTnn





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


forces.
paints,


Due to
except


impurities in t
the bitumastic


water


which


of Gatun Lake, none of the


was


applied


directly


metal on small sections of several


of the gates at Gatun, has proved


satisfactory, and the paint on those parts which are constantly under


water is min
is entirely


very poor condition.


satisfactory,


The action


leakage


of the gates in service


quomn


and


miter


posts


being extremely


small.


The cost of the gates complete


was $6,471


806.99, of which $5,632,942


8 were paid


under the contract, and the


balance


$838,864.41


was


inspection,


painting,


recess


covers,


fixed steel, special tracks, and services furnished the contractor.


Gate


machines.-All


parts


mechanical


and


electrical


installation
emplaced.
February 2


The 40
8, 1914,


machines
machines


operating


required


24 machines at


Gatun


Pedro


miter


were


Miguel


gates


were


completed
on March


1914, and the 28 machines at Miraflores on May 28, 1914.


A number


tests


were


conducted


most satisfactory


determine


operation


might


conditions


obtained


under


and


which
results


obtained


which has
the other


show


very


advisability


little


reserve


an interval


reducing the


power,


approximately


duty


starting


gate


20 seconds.


te motor,
ahead of


The


benefit


derived


results


from


fact


that,


with


only


one


gate


operating,


when the gates are near the mitering position the entire area of the


chamber


is available


the storage of


water


displaced.


The


cost


miter-gate


moving


machines


complete


was


which $704,744.78 were expended under the contract,


$822,410.03, of
and the balance


for installation.


Miter-gate forcing machines.-


forcing machines on hand,


With the material of the miter-gate


their erection progressed with the comple-


tion


gates.


The


20 machines


required


Gatun


were


com-


pleted on February


14, 1914, the 12 at Pedro Miguel were completed


on March


27, 1914, and the 14 at Miraflores on March


26, 1914.


special


tests were conducted


during the year.


The total


cost of the


machines


was


00.16,


of which


,225


were


expended


under


the contract, and the balance for installation.


The machinery


for operating the hand rails on


the gates


was in-


stalled


complete during the year.


There are 36 machines at Gatun,


TPArnm


MNr f'innl


andi


Miraflores


Tho


oneration


. . .. .. . . . . .


s i satin-





THE


PANAMA


OANAL.


The


installation


electrical


appliances


operating


various


gate


machines


was


completed


during


year.


The


total


amount expended


was $207,653.42,


of which


$132,326 were


paid


under the contract and the balance for installation.


Rising stem valves.


-The placing of the valves, stems, roller trains,


and


crossheads


remaining to


done


close


last


fiscal


year was completed and the 116 machines required for their operation


were erected


and


the electrical installation


completed.


Of the ma-


chines placed during the year 5 were at Gatun and
making a total of 56 at Gatun, 24 at Pedro Miguel,


28 at Miraflores,
and 36 at Mira-


flores.


The


mechanical


and


electrical


work in


connection


with


installation


of these machines was completed at Gatun


on February


, 1914, at Pedro


Miguel


on March


1914, and at Miraflores on


March 30


1914.


Guard


ves.-At the end of the fiscal


year all guard valves and


machines were erected in


place at all the locks except at Miraflores.


The six at Gatun were completed on April


on June


,1914, six at Pedro Miguel


29, 1914, and those at Miraflores were 62 per cent completed


at the close of the fiscal


year.


The tests made of the guard


valves


showe
nally


d


that the machines would not operate satisfactorily


as origin[


designed, and a number of changes were made necessary.


The


most


important ones consisted in


providing an


outboard


bearing to


the pinion sh
of line with


aft,


which overcame the tendency of the pinion to get out


the main spur gear, and guide shoes for weights in the


counterweight pits to overcome the slight eccentric
weight of the roller train.


load


due to the


The


amount expended


on the


rising


stem


and


guard


valves


and


their


which


machines


$1,127,725.38


close


were


fiscal


paid


under


year was
contract


$1,508,735.59,


and


balance


for installation.


Auxiliary


culvert


valves.-The


mechanical


and


electrical


work


in connection


with


installation


these


valves


and


their


ma-


chines was completed


during the year, four machines being installed


Gatun


and


completed


on March


1914,


four


Pedro


Miguel


completed
March 31.


on March


1914.


, 1914,


and


four


The cost of the machines in


Miraflores


place


completed


was $22,805.80,


-2 ~ d�ia nan 04 ~ n,~2 ~ ~-k~ 4-~4-a- ,.<.~AI *k~ n-nfl





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


Miguel


on January


1914


and


on the 40


Miraflores


on Feb-


ruary


27, 1914.


Chain-fender machines.-After the tests had been completed on the


two


sample


chain-fender


machines,


results


indicated


that


they


would carry out the work for which they were designed and arrange-


ments were made to order the balance of the equipment.


Of the 16 to


be erected at Gatun


the mechanical work on 14


was completed


with


the exception of the chains; of the 16 at Pedro Miguel, the mechanical


work


on 7 was completed


with


the exception


of the chains;


and


Miraflores, of the


the mechanical


work on 1


was completed


with


the exception of the chains.


Work was in


progress on all


the units,


with


the exception


of the 4 lower one


at Miraflores,


where no


work


had been done.


The electrical work, so far as practicable, progressed


with


the mechanical


work.


The manufacture of chain for the fend-


ers has progressed rather slowly


but orders were placed


for all


chains


The


required,


total


with


amount


exception,


expended


thus


before


was


$661,140.30 was for payments under the contract


close


$830,726.89


for delivery


year.
which
of the


material, and $169,586.59 for erection.


The


cost


inspecting the


lock-operating


machinery


June 30,


1914,


was $167,92


6.06.


Spillway gate
the construction


.-The


divisions


spillway


gates


in connection


were
with


placed


in position


building the


spillway


dams.


The


mechanical


equipment


and


electrical


installation


were


completed
Miraflores


on the


14 machines at


mechanical


work


Gatun


was


on December


completed


on the


1913.


8 machines


on October


1913


and


the electrical


work


on June


1914.


The


spillway


gates at


Gatun have all


been


operated satisfactorily under


full
tion.


head


controlled


from


a switchboard


in the


The tests of the Miraflores gates indicated


hydroelectric
defects in the


sta-
me-


chanical
changes


total


work,
were ri


amount


expended
erection.


necessitating


completed


expended


under


was


contract,


overhauling
it the close


$337,529.11


and


and


correction.


fiscal


which


balance


year.


$236,045.26
r inspection


These


The
were


and


Towing-track


material.-


towing-track material


purchased


mnnram th, nr-rinanl Pnntrnet, wnas rlivprpd


nrpviniit t.n .Tnna Rf 1i1R





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


13,696


linear


feet
feet.


feet


linear


were


completed


Of the


feet completed


laid,


8,160


during


total


amount


feet


year,


to date.


concreted
or a total


be completed


Miraflores
i, making
) date of


54,365


Locks
9,104


4,007
linear


18,144 linear


linear


feet


99.3


per cent were completed at the close of the year.


Conductor-slot ma-


trial,
bracket


consisting


steel


and cover plates,


and


copper


conductor


rails,


was laid, and during the year


insulators,


12,485


feet


were completed,


or a complete total to date at Gatun Locks of 45,084


linear feet;


at Pedro


Miguel 21,760 feet during the


year,


or a


total


to date of 36,292 linear feet; and at Miraflores 22,232 feet during the


year,


or a total


date


of 28,162


linear


feet.


For


conductors


copper tee rails were


used for all


towing tracks, inclines, and


cross-


overs


, steel conductors being used on the return track.


The installa-


tion


single


and


during the year at all


double


crossovers


the locks.


The


and


total


turnouts
cost of


was


completed


towing-track


material


pended


installed


under


installation,


and


was


$1,1


e original
chipping


32,044.06,
contract


of the


which


and


$767,173.93


$414,870.13


were


inspection,


rack rails.


Towing


locomotives.-As noted in


last


annual


report,


a con-


tract was entered into


with


the General


Electric Co-


for furnishing


towing


locomotives


their


design


and


manufacture,


first


locomotive to be deliver
each month thereafter.


January


Twenty-one locomotive


,1914, and four locomotives


have been delivered


and
and


are in
there


operation.


have


been


The


total


expended


cost


under the contract is $527,015


$301,859.21


contract


and


$22,329.40


receipt.


Tests


erection
so far


and


alterations


made


actual


machines


service


have


after
been


their


suf-


ficient to warrant an announcement that they are entirely satisfactory.


Illumination of the


locks.-The exterior


lighting of the locks was


described in


previous annual report.


The exterior


lighting cir


cuts at


flores,


the locks


where the erection


were completed


of the


post


except foc
has been


posts at


Mira


delayed by the sand


operations


allow


which


for the


were


transferred


construction


this


terminal


point
docks.


from ]
There


Balboa
were


stalled at Gatun
at Pedro Miguel


-L � I _


206 standards, 116 single arm and


90 double arm;


130 standards, 80 single arm and 50 double arm; at


- __ 1 __ - _


.-__ - 1 . . .._ -- -


(N .~&


* Ji -t -vn ri n'-I t ni n1 * k-. -.. (N- r n - nf 0 , '- C tA fkt flu II S ri fi fli Il W' 0 ^ f, C' I f i Al l U fl 0 fi f-i fIli* f 1 -l ..


_l .--- 1





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


quired interlocking of the control switches.


The detail design of the


board


was left entirely to


approval


Commission


contractor,


inspector


work


in the


being


United


subject


States.


The switchboards are located on the second floor of the control houses


and


interlocking racks on


mezzanine


floor.


The board


designed to represent the locks in miniature, all machines being repre-


sented by individual control switches, and


operator


controlled


with


indicators


the machines in


know
s are


the exact
provided


the lock wall


position
which
tunnels.


wherever it is


important


machines


operate


With


being


in synchronism


exception


cylindrical


machines


valve


operator


, auxiliary ci
r is provided


ulvert
with


valve,
means


and
for


miter
having


forcing
definite


information with regard to the exact position of the valve or machine


being operated by means of synchronous indicators, electrically


nected


with


transmitting


devices


mechanically


connected


with


con-
the


large machines in the lock tunnels.


valve, auxiliary
by use of red an


The operation of the cylindrical


culvert valve, and miter forcing devices is indicated


green lamps on the control


board.


Arrangement


also


made


on the


switchboard


which


water


levels


in the


lock chambers are indicated to the operator.


The control board


was


completed


Gatun


on May 9,


1914


Pedro


Miguel


on June


1914;


and


at Miraflores on June 25


1914.


The


switchboards of all


locks


have


been


satisfactorily


used


remote


control


lock operations.


The total


cost of all lock-control switchboards was


$108,079.50,


which


$73,693.33


were


paid


under


contract


for the material, th
tion and inspection.


balance representing expenditures


for install


Hydroelectric


plant.-The


erection


hydroelectric


station


continued under the Atlantic division


until September 8,


1913


when


work


master'


was


transferred


department.


With


) the building
the exception


division


quarter-


of the doors and some of


the carpenter


fiscal


year


work,
a total


building


division


cost


was completed


of $328,457.0


close


The


of the


installation


of the equipment was continued during the year and was turned over


operating


force


made subsequently,


nlflrti


d-nnlr


naT~fn.


and


on June


, 1914,


after correction


A


-P ~


i-nfl


without


some
C, iflflrV W


tests,
of the
nvlne rdt4


which


defects
a.-. InIT


were


* * I l , | I * * I* . * I l l" * * *| | | j* * * * * t * | | *| r* *fl* *It | | % r* ^ ** .** U I * . i S | | i |


ld





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


As noted in


previous annual


report, it


was decided


install


for the transmission line an overhead system of 44,000 volts, extend-
ing from Balboa to Cristobal, and connecting the existing Miraflores


steam-power


station


with


Gatun


hydroelectric


station,


so that


they may


be operated separately


or in


parallel as necessary.


Four


substations are provided, located at Oristobal, Gatun, Miraflores, and


Balboa.


The


excavation


Gatun


substation


was


begun


November 26


1913


and


the steelwork, furnished and


erected


under


contract


, was completed


on February


1914.


The installation


the electrical


equipment of the


building


been


governed


by the


progress made in


building construction and at the close of the year


was 37


per cent completed.


The total amount thus far expended on


the building is $145,717.92


and


on the installation


of the machinery


$40,818.11.


The


Cristobal


substation


was


installed


for the


purpose


of furnishing power required by the coal-handling plant,


the Mount


Hope


pumping


plant,


and


miscellaneous


requirements


vicinity


Cristobal.


Excavation


for this


structure


was


begun


March 4, 1914, and the erection of the steelwork under contract was


completed on May
construction was


$8,557.96.


1914.


$111,858.01


The amount


and


The Miraflores substation is


expended


being


on the


electrical
installed


building


installation


for the


pur-


pose of


caring for the power requirements of Miraflores and Pedro


Miguel Locks, and also for the purpose of serving as a step up trans-


former station for Miraflores steam plant.


The foundation work was


commenced


completed
completed.
$103,509.04


on October


March


1914.


1913


and


The electrical


The amount expended


were


trical installation.


building


The


steelwork
equipment


under


contract


cent


thus far is $155,532.20, of which


construction


Balboa substation


and


$52,023.16


was located


for the


elec-
pur-


pose of supplying power to


Balboa shops,


the air-compressor plant,


dry-dock pumping plant,


plant,


coal-handling plant,


as well as other local purposes.


and Ancon


Work was begun


pumping


on this sub-


station


on April


27, 1914, and


the steelwork


erected


under contract


was


completed


equipment
$49,173.84,


was


on June
installed.


which


1914.


The


$45,565.12


Four


total
were


cent


amount


electrical


expended


building


thus


construction


and


$3.608.72 for electrical installation.


In order to supply power to the





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


500-kilowatt


stepping


power
44,000


transformers


volt


and


transmission


line


necessary
pressure


equipment


down


9,200


volts.
High-power transmission line.-Under a contract dated March 31,


1913,


794 double-track span bridges and 20 single-track span bridges


were to be delivered


on the Isthmus.


These have all been erected in


place with the exception of five special towers which


will be required


at the Cristobal and Balboa


terminals, and


one bridge at Cristobal.


Under contract


there have


been


purchased


and received


to date


transmission


stranded


line


copper and


1,562,2
512,065


feet


of 2/0


Brown


Sharpe


gauge


feet of five-sixteenths inch copper-clad


wire.


At the close of the fiscal


year


1,408,443


feet of


2/0 conductor


cable were erected.


The total amount expended


on the transmission


line


was


$1,014,383.29,


which


$701


were


covered


con-


tracts and


the balance expended


on inspection and installation.


Cables.-The total amount of cable on order, received and installed


up to the end of the fiscal year was 2,659,403 feet,


of which 1,531,528


feet


is lead


sheathed


and


1,12


7,875


feet


is rubber


covered


double-


braid


wire and


lead-covered


feet


rubber


cable.
cable


covered


the close of the


had


had


been
been


pulled
used


fiscal


into


year
duct


1,462,684


and


conductor


feet


911,816


feeds


control connections, etc.
Telephone system.-An elaborate system


of telephone communica-


tion has
awarded
divisions
through


been designed for the operation
for the complete equipment. I


First


that


locks


required


second


that


of the locks and a contract
/ is to consist of three sub-


control


required


in the


vessels


upkeep


and


passing


main-


tenance


work in


lock tunnels


and


third,


that required


local


public service.


The total amount of the contract is $6,949.35.


Emergency dams.-The emergency


dam


at Gatun


were completed


before the close of the last fiscal year, but the final acceptance tests had


not been finished.


During the year the two dams at Gatun


were


cepted and the dams at Pedro Miguel and Miraflores were finished and


accepted,
second o


the first at
n October 1


Pedro


1913


Miguel


on September


Miraflores


first


, 1913
was


and


completed


and accepted January


, 1914, and the second


on February 7, 1914.


A test was made at Gatun in May, 1914; the dam was swung,


girders


F.,


---- v





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


of 950 cubic feet


per second.


This leakage


produced no


dangerous


current in the lock, and it would have been easy to close any


of the


lower


gates in


the face of the stream.


Another purpose of the test


was to determine whether the emergency


a caisson


for unwatering the


locks so


dam
as to


could


used in


lieu


permit access to


gates


painting,


but


leakage


was


great


dam,


as it at present stands, in lieu of the caisson.
made to devise a means of stopping the flow.


pended for the emergency


Experiments are being
The total amount ex-


dams was $2,206,984.67, of which $1,958,-


329.90 were covered by the contract for delivery


of the material and


erection,


and


$248,654.73


inspection


and


other


expenses


assumed by The Panama Canal under the contract.


Floating


entrance to


caissons.-A


locks,


description


including the


the caissons


pumping plant


for closing the
for unwatering


the lock


chambers,


was given in


the last annual


report.


Bids


were


invited


on May


1913,


furnishing


material,


constructing


and


delivering the caisson on


the Isthmus, and


there were


two bid-


ders, the lowest bidder offering to construct the two caissons and de-


liver them at Balboa for the sum


was given at $330,760.


of $648,300, and


A contract was entered inmt


the price for one
o for one caisson


under date of August 22, 1913.


Pontoon bridge.-In


order to maintain


communication


across the


canal with the west side, it was finally decided to construct a pontoon


bridge at Paraiso


carrying the


Panama Railroad.


This


was constructed at the expense of the Panama Railroad


design and construction were undertaken by Commission forces.


bridge
but the


The


approaches and abutments were built under the direction of Mr. A. S.


Zinn,


resident


engineer;


pontoon


and


superstructure


dredging division


under


Mr.


Comber; the track work by the


Panama Railroad Co.


, and the operating machinery by the first divi-


sion of the chief engineer's


office.


The bridge revolves about a pivot


point,


similar


pontoon


bridges


successfully


operated


many years on the upper Mississippi


plans for which were furnished


through
Chicago,


courtesy


Mr.


Loweth,


Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Co.


chief


engineer


The pontoon is 378 feet


long over all, 55 feet wide,


and 6 feet 3 inches deep at the center line.


mlk.. ... _. Jt-.. --.1 : 0(0 J ..^J- . -L.--.. ,tk. 1L..j-. ... , LL - 1_ -t.... -.. fl . # _j






REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


around


an electrically


driven


wildcat


on the


deck


pontoon,


near the west end.


The mechanism for lifting the apron girders and


for turning the bridge, and also


latches


for operating the rail lift, the rail


, and the main latch -at the west pier, is operated from a cen-


tral


panel.


The


total


cost


bridge


June


1914,


was


$218,331.78.
Operation of locks.-The lockages made during the fiscal year gave


an opportunity to


out the locks and


their machinery


The first


one at Gatun


was made on September 26,


1913,


when


the tug Gatun


was put through the Gatun Locks, followed on October


14,1913,


when


a part


dredging


equipment


was


locked


through


Pacific


locks to the lake level.


From these dates throughout the year various


craft


belonging to


The Panama


Canal


were


passed


back


and


forth


as the necessities of the work required, in addition


the tows that


were


instituted


handling


freight


from


Balboa


terminals


Colon and


Cristobal


for the


Panama Railroad


towing


locomotives,


Panama


Railroad


steamers


Alliance


and


Ancon were locked through Gatun Locks and returned,


the courtesy of the agent of W. R.


and through


Grace & Co. the Santa Clara was


locked through the Pacific Locks and returned.


The operation


of the locks


has developed


certain


facts in


regard


the action


of flowing water which


had not been anticipated.


previously noted, the gates of the


upper


locks of


each flight and


the Pedro Miguel Locks are duplicated.


called
gates.


The upper pair of gate


the guard gates and the lower pair of the upper two the lock
At the lower end of the locks the upper pair of gates is called


the safety


gates and


the lower pair of the two the lock


gates.


The


space between the guard gates and


the lock gates is regulated by an


auxiliary


lower
upper


culvert


gates


while


is regulated


lock is low


and


the space between
bv a T culvert.


the valves are open


the safety
When the


gates and


water


in the


there is a sudden drop of


water


Miguel,


level


in the


forebay


This


is more


noticeable


Pedro


where the canal above the forebay is relatively narrow, than


it is at Gatun and Miraflores,


where the forebay


opens immediately


into the lake.


This drop is faster than can be followed by the water


the space between


the guard and upper gates, and the result is a





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


gate-maneuvering struts.


moving


culvert


were


side-wall


apparatus
partially


culvert


Due
such


closed,


and


possible


reverse


stress


choking


the space


danger of
the valves


communication


between


gates.


crippling
in the T


between
experi-


meeting, a degree of closure was reached which


caused the water in


the space


between


the culverts to


behind


water min


lock


when filling, and at the same time to fall rather more rapidly when


emptying.
the safety


this way a positive pressure was always kept against


gates.


With


both


side


and


center


wall


cul-


verts, as the rapidity with
is greatly increased, a differ


which the water level in the lock changes
rent adjustment will be necessary.


When the valves in the side culvert are raised and the water enters


the lock the flow


of water is greater through


those openings in


laterals which are nearest the middle wall than through those nearer


the side culvert.


As the water rises in greatest


volume next to


middle


wall,


there


results


a slight


slope


the surface


toward


side wall.


When both side and middle culverts are used no such ac-


tion


is noticeable.


The


first


gush


water


from


side


culverts


appears to come from the highest laterals and then successively from


the others.


So far as can be ascertained, however, it can not be stated


that the discharge is greatest from any one of the laterals.
In filling or emptying a small canal lock the water levels approach


each


other


with


a rapidity


depending upon


square


root


of the


diminishing


head.


Toward


the end


of the operation


the change


level


becomes


slower,


and


flow


water


is supposed


cease


either


just


before or


the equalization


levels.


Frequently


the gates are opened


with a


very slight head


against them to avoid


the loss of time involved in


waiting for the head to vanish


entirely.


filling


or emptying


locks


The


Panama


Canal


there


is a


noticeable overtravel


of the water, so that the water in the chamber


which


from
bers


filled


rises


slightly


higher


than


level


chamber


which the water is drawn, and the gates separating the cham-


become


subjected


a reverse


head.


Pedro


Miguel


noticed that the water rises from 0.3 to 0.6 of a foot higher than the


water in


forebay,


tending to


throw the


upper


gates open.


The


difference in head is of short duration


, but is very noticeable, and is


I. � i t 1 it I I 1 I1 S f* 4





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


that the overtravel of the water from the emptying lock into the tail
bay may result in continuing the flow of the fresh water through the


culvert
therefore


beyond


point


which


in obviating the danger of the


theory


resultant


should


cease


pressure.


and,
How-


ever, no


lower


roublee
gates.


is experienced


from


The difference in


below the gates is, however, noti
lower gates are opened the fresh


Sthe
densit


resulting pressure


Dy


of the


in another


water


way


against


above
When


and


water rushes out with considerable


velocity on the surface of the salt water below, and there is a corre-


spending rush


salt


water


along the


lower


strata.


This


current


continues for a considerable time and has a noticeable effect on


ves-


sels leaving the


lock, sheering them away


from


middle


wall as


soon as they pass the angle of the side wall.
The slope given to the water in the lock by use of the side culvert


has already been noted. The
of the lowest lock with fresh


same effect was noted during the filling


water when


the lower gates have


been


left open long enough to insure


is from the middle


alt water filling the lock.


wall so that the ship moves to the side


The slope
wall and


towing
lower


locomotives are


lock


during


unable
entire


hold


process


a large


filling


vessel


central


when


side


culvert only is used.
As noted in previous annual reports, in the formula for filling and


emptying the
real velocity,


locks


the coefficient of


was assumed at 0.65


flow


used


determine


, this being slightly more favorable


than


experience


other


locks


shown


readily


obtainable


but the nature of design and construction warranted the assumption.


From experiment


made at Pedro Miguel when the lake level was at


reference 84.8


and


water


in the


lock


was at


reference


50.9


value of C for the side culvert


, with both valves open,


was determined


to be 0.8


much more favorable than


was anticipated.


Similar ob-


servations,


using


only


valve,


were


made


both


Pedro


Miguel


and in the upper


lock at Gatun as a check, and


value of C wa


found
value


somewhat


1.177


and 1


coefficient
Favorable


72 at the two


emptying


than


that


locations, respectively.


lock


filling,


Pedro


The


Miguel


coefficient


the side culvert being found to be 0.804 when both


valves were used.


Gatun


and


Miraflores


where


culvert


s i turned


. - -- - --7 --.-- .---------- -.,- ----- .-I .--





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


ELECTRICAL DIVISION.


The


operation


various


power


plants


was


consolidated


April 1
United


to comprise the electrical division,


States


Army


includes


under Capt.


operation


and


H. Rose,


maintenance


of the steam-driven electric power plants at Gatun, Miraflores, Em-


pire,


and Balboa


and all the substations


, transmission, and distribu-


tion lines connected with the


power plants


the operation and main-


tenance


air-compressor


plants


Empire


and


Balboa;


con-


struction, operation, and maintenance of all building and street light-


systems


in the


Canal


Zone;


operation


and


maintenance


electric cargo-handling cranes on


the Panama Railroad


pier at Bal-


boa


installation


electrical


equipment of the


new


Balboa


shops of the mechanical division; and the construction of permanent
underground conduit systems for the permanent towns of the Canal
Zone.
One of the three 1,500 kilowatt vertical turbo generator sets and two


high-pressure


water tube


boilers were removed


from


the Gatun


station for installation at the Miraflores power plant.


The new unit


was completed into place on June 1


1914.


This gives the Miraflores


plant


a capacity


about


6,000


kilowatts


same


as the


hydro-


electric station.


The total amount of power in kilowatt hours gen-


rated during the year was:
6,824,556 kilowatt hours at Gatun, at a cost of $0.0175 per kilowatt hour.
16,352,732 kilowatt hours at Miraflores, at a cost of $0.0135 per kilowatt
. hour.
2,327,877 kilowatt hours at Empire, at a cost of $0.0240 per kilowatt hour.
138,143 kilowatt hours at Balboa, at a cost of $0.1503 per kilowatt hour.


The air-compressor plants operated


pire


and


Balboa,


and


Rio


Grande


during the year were


plant


was


operated


Em-
until


November


1913.


tion work at Culebra


They furnished


Rio Grande


division shops at Empire,


division


the work in


erection at Pe
the vicinity on


compressed


and Gold Hill


Balboa, and Paraiso;
Iro Miguel Locks, An<


SSosa Hill and


the new


air for the excava-
; for the mechanical
for the work of the


quarry, and for
Lrv dock at Bal-


boa.


The output of the air-compressor plant


in cubic feet of free


Qnsr rnmnr .r


... . . ....


pounds pressure.


was 2.739.650.533


nMhic


-fptef





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


completed,


one at


Miraflores and


one at


Balboa,


each


1,500


kilo-


watts capacity


11,000-volt transmission between these points.


May,
tween


1914,


another


Miraflores


11,000-volt


power


plant


transmission line


and


Cucaracha


was completed


, upplying


power


the relay pumps and


alterations


necessitated


the Gold Hill hydraulic plant.


a change


in the


pole


lines


Additions and
r construction,


amounting to about 15 miles.


power to the range


lights and


About 25 miles of pole line to supply
beacons of the lighthouse subdivision


were


constructed,


electrical


division


lighthouse
installing


subdivision


wires


erecting the


and


poles


transformers


and
and


making
armored


were


connections to


cables.


installed


the lights and


supplying


between


that


power


station


beacons.


Agua
and t


Duplicate


Clara


Gatun


pumping


2,200-volt


station


substation.


all about 12,900 feet of conduit,


having 83,000 feet of duct incased in


concrete


and


40 concrete


manholes were completed


during the


year


connection


Hotel,
with t


new


Balboa


done in connection


between


Pedro


administration


substation.


Miguel
building


A large


with the electrical


telephone


Balboa,


amount
work in


exchange,


and


conduit


Tivoli
latter


work was


permanent


build-


ings


and


Balboa


shops.


The


eight


4-ton


alternating


current


cargo-handling cranes, five 4-ton direct current cranes, and one 20-ton


direct current French crane


, all on the Panama Railroad pier at Bal-


boa,


tically
tion.


were


operated


and


commercial


The


total


number


maintained.


freight


These


crossing the


of vessels


loaded


cranes


Isthmus


handled
in either


unloaded


prac-
direc-


during the


year was 413.


For


further


details


concerning


various


matters


referred


above


, attention is invited to Appendixes A and A-1.


MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.

As already noted, the division of municipal engineering was formed
by consolidating the division of public works and the municipal work


in the three construction divisions on July


1913


and


was placed


in charge of Mr. George M.


Wells as resident engineer.


The division


is divided into five principal section


The northern district embraces


all municipal


construction, maintenance, and


operation


work, exclu-


.-~ n '9
S n's. 9 a ..


A --


� R *..





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


analyses of all


Canal Zone


water supplies


and


the fifth subdivision


embraces all work of design for the division.


The improvements in the city


of Colon in progress at the close of


the pre'
made bl
August,
The ]


viOUS


fiscal


year


and


y Congress of $800,000,


1913
plant


being


paid


from


were completed


an appropriation


the early


part of


at a final cost of $520,212.57.


Gatun


manufacture


concrete


pipe


was


operated until May,


when the plant was closed down, there being suf-


ficient


on hand


purposes.


The


usual


maintenance


work


connection


with


reservoirs


northern


district


was


per-


formed


kept


and the level of the water in the Brazos Brook Reservoir was


about


water from


same


Gatun Lake


elevation
through


during the


the tunnel


season


constructed


by letting
during the


previous year.


The


new


purification


plant


located


Mount


Hope


and furnishing water to the city of Colon,


Cristobal, and adjacent dis-


trict was completed and placed in service in February, 1914, and has


been successfully operated since that date.
the plant was $292,198.10.


The total division cost of


addition


maintenance


work in


the southern


district,


a con-


siderable


amount


construction


work


was


undertaken


, including


streets


, water and sewer systems, and roads in the new silver town of


Boca, storm


sewers in


gold


town site


Balboa


water


and


sewer systems and streets at Pedro Miguel, the installation


of water


and sewer systems for the Darien radio station, and work in connec-


tion


with an addition to the city of Panama,


for which the Republic


of Panama made a special appropriation of $76,000.


The


question


water supply for the


providing


a permanent,


towns of the Canal


adequate,


Zone


from


and


Pedro


suitable
Miguel


south
were


been


under


greater than


could


consideration


some


be supplied


time.


Rio


The


Grande


demands


Reservoir,


and


with


depopulation


of the


Canal


Zone


which


contemplated


the elimination of all towns on the west side of the canal


, a plan was


prepared for
necting them


utilizing


by a


Camacho


pipe line,


and


Rio


Grande


Reservoirs,


and increasing the capacity


con-


of the Rio


Grande Reservoir by raising the dam


diverting the railroad for the


purpose.


With


the adoption


of the policy


quartering the troops


ii I � � ml 1 i "l* it 11 1 1 Sl 1 ill1





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


struction of a high-service reservoir on the side of Ancon Hill, all to


be based


on a nominal


maximum


capacity


12,000,000


gallons


filtered water per day.
water was considered,


At the time that the use of Miraflores Lake


the possible objection


was


advanced


that


chlorine content


, by reason of the operation of Miraflores Locks,


might


increase beyond 75 to 100 parts per million, but at the time it did not
seem possible that this would occur, at least for a period of years, on


assumption


that


intimate


diffusion


between


salt


water


mitted
rapid,


by the


locks


and


fresh


water


lake


would


more especially in view of the fact that water could be pumped


from one of the fresh


arms of the lake.


At any rate,


the enormous


saving that would result seemed to warrant adopting the Miraflores


Lake project.
In January, after the pumps from Cocolihad been


transferred


Miraflores


and


increased


in capacity


take


care


demand,


chlorine sampling stations were established


lake


and


was


discovered that with the continued operation of the locks the chlorine


content steadily rose.


By February it became apparent that constant


diffusion


was


taking place


throughout all areas of the lake


inm gen-


eral


, as well as its arms, and went as high as 15 per cent salt water.


In order to bring this down


a temporary pump station was installed


at Pedro Miguel and approximately 4,000 gallons of water per minute


were


pumped


from


Culebra


Cut


north


of the


locks


and


discharged


into Miraflores Lake


immediately


in front of the


temporary


pump-


ing station.


While this reduced


the chlorine content of water going


to Panama, it increased the turbidity of the water due to the condi-


tion in the Cut.


As the result of these observations, it became evident


that Miraflores Lake


would


impracticable


use as


a source of


water supply for the southern end of the canal, and it was therefore
decided to move the pumping station to the Chagres River at Gamboa,
the water to be taken from this point through 30-inch to 36-inch cast-
iron mains laid along the line of the Panama Railroad to the purifi-


cation
action


plant


in course


was taken


erection


an effort was


on Miraflores


made


Hill


Before


final


reduce the chlorine content


by drawing off the
and admitting fresh


water


from


Miraflores


water through Pedro


Lake


through


locks


Miguel Locks, but the re-


suits were not satisfactory


Work was commenced


a


on the


nnurifla-






26

works in the southern


THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


district was estimated at $1,261,000,


division


cost;


total


amount expended at the close of the


fiscal


$703,585.05.
For further details attention is invited to Appendix A-2.


year was


METEOROLOGY


AND


HYDROGRAPHY.


Until April 1, 1914,


the meteorological and hydrographic sections


continued under separate heads; on that date they were consolidated


into one division


under a chief hydrographer reporting to the engi-


neer of maintenance, and a reduction of three gold men


was effected.


But few changes were made during the year in the meteorological


stations operated.


Wind records were discontinued at Sosa Hill


January


1, 1914; the


wind station


was moved from


Guarapo


Island


the administration building at Gatun


on December


14, 1913; and


a new


wind


station


was


established


Gamboa


on November


1913.


Evaporation


records


Brazos


Brook


were


discontinued


April 1, 1914.


A rainfall station was established on the Siri branch


Trinidad


River in


January


1914


and


a similar station


was


established near the head


of the Gatun River branch of Gatun Lake


May,


1914.


Records


from


these


stations


were


obtained


in estimating the monthly rainfall over the lake watershed.


Seismic


disturbances


during


year were


I


in any previous year since American


aore numerous
occupation, 87


ana


severe


than


distincts shocks


being


recorded


Ancon.


Practically


shocks


seemed


originate in tl
approximately


shocks
stance


occurred


vicinity


miles


of the lower coast of Los Santos Province


southwest


on October 2


maximum


recording pens were


amplitude


thrown


, 1913, and


75+


The


Ancon.
May 28,


was


shock


The
1914


most


recorded,


of May


violent


in each in-


when


resulted


slight damage to the new a
erection at Balboa Heights,


administration building then in


but with


this exception


the ca


course of
lal works


suffered no damage from these shocks.


For use of the Fortification


Board, maximum and minimum


temperatures were


recorded


on the


Miraflores dumps.


Duplicate automatic tide registers were continued


at Balboa and Colon.


The


main


hydrographic


features


year


were


the filling of


w





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


recorded at Culebra on April 24 established a new
record at that station.


high temperature


The rainfall


Brazos


Brook,


during
Colon.


1913
and


was


Porto


below normal


Bello.


The


at all stations except


heaviest


precipitation


for the year was 171.19 inches at Porto


Bello


and the minimum


was


59.54 inches at Balboa.
The wind movement over the Canal Zone for the year was slightly


above


normal.


North


and


northwest


winds


prevailed.


March


was


the windiest month at all stations


and November the month of least


wind movement.


Between
rose from
controlled


the year it


June


and


plus 4


spillway


was


possible


December


84.7


gates


for the


1913


Since


between


first time


Gatun


the latter


85.14


and


Lake


date it has


84.13.


to determine


level
been


During
velocity


which would be caused in the canal prism at Gamboa by floods in the


upper Chagres.


feet


second


On May 26,
the velocity


with a discharge at Alhajuela of 16,000


Gamboa


Bridge


was


0.65


mile


hour, the


lake level being at 84.92 and rising to 84.98.


On June


with


a discharge at Alhajuela of


20,0


0 feet per second, the


velocity


Gamboa


to 84.86.


Bridge


was


1.05


miles


hour,


with


lake


For further particulars attention is invited to Appendix

GENERAL SURVEYS.


A-3.


In addition


to setting corner and grade stakes for building lot


Colon and Panama


, setting grades for fill in


Colon


, making


urveys


and


preparing maps of estates and parcels of land in


dispute before


joint land


commission


, making surveys and


inspections


department


of law,


and


performing


a considerable


amount of


mis-


cellaneous


work,


general-surveys


section


repaired


and


removed


certain Zone triangulation stations, made surveys and maps for other
departments of The Panama Canal, made locations for the radio sta-


tions being constructed for the Navy


Department,


took readings on


settlement


hubs


in the


Gatun


Dam,


and


performed


necessary


work


in connection


with


precise


level


ments for the tide-guage registers at Colon,


bench
Gatun


marks


and


monu-


and Miraflores.





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


light
which


was


had


rather


been


built


an elaborate


during the


structure


previous


founded


fiscal


year.


on a caisson


During


year just ended it was taken


the site


that


was to occupy


and,


in sinking it by admitting water through


valves at the bottom of the


caisson, the valves could not be controlled from above, it took a sheer,


and


the caisson sunk in


purpose


$8,601
The


intended


in the


.o2
total


amount


until


attempt,


a position
t could be


was


expended


which


prevented


straightened.


abandoned as wai
completing the


for the


After
s also
entire


expending
the design.
system of


beacons,


lights,


and


buoys


date


aggregate


$514,878.81,


exclusive


of general expenses.
For further details attention is invited to Appendix A.


DRY


EXCAVA TION.


The excavation for the canal prism in the dry,


uncompleted at the


close


previous


fiscal


year,


embraced


Culebra


Cut


from


Gamboa


Pedro


Miguel Locks,


the channel


between Pedro


Miguel


and Miraflores Locks, and the channel below Miraflores Locks to the
dike which excluded the waters of the Pacific. As noted in the pre-


vious annual report, a decision had been reached


the Cut by blowing up the dike at Gamboa on


admit


October


water to


10, 1913, and


to complete
end in view


the
the


excavation
excavation


that


remained


in Culebra


Cut


dredges.


was


carried


With


this


on during


July with an average of 40.74 steam shovels, in August with an aver-


34.65


steam


shovels,


and


in September


with


an average


14.62 steam shovels.


These shovels worked not only in the Cut proper


but on


the upper reaches in


side opposite Lirio.


from


5 to


2 shovel


After t
worked


the vicinity o
he water had


on both


f Culebra and
been admitted


the east


and


west


on the east
to the Cut


bank in


vicinity
bank wa


of Culebra so as to lighten the load.


continued until April 1,


1914, and


The work on


on the


the east


west bank inter-


mittently until June
able amount occurred


1914.


on the


The


last movement


west side at Culebra


of any


consider-


just as the steam


shovels


were


withdrawn.


There


were


removed


during


year


total


of 3,122,702 cubic yards of


material,


of which


2,205,847


cubic


yards were classified a


rock, at a division cost of $0.5661


per cubic


- - -in.. * * '1 I P. 1 1....


m





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


material removed in the dry from


Culebra


Cut


from


the beginning


American


cubic


yards


operations t
t a division


June


cost


1914


$0.7066


Saggregated


cubic


yard


61,883
f this


amount


25,206,100


cubic


yards


were


removed


because


slides


22.86


per cent.


This was an


increase


4,940,100 cubic


yards


over


that estimated


in the annual report


1912.


Steam-shovel


opera-


tions in


Cut


proper were


permanently


suspended


on September


1913


and at that time it was estimated


that 600,000 cubic yards


of material remained to be removed by


dredges from the Cut section


within


original


limits


canal,


exclusive


slides


and


inclines at the north


and south


ends of the


Cut.


Practically


this material lay between Cucaracha slide and a
between Culebra and Empire.


point about midway


prevent


possible


damage


canal


velocity


current caused


by the difference


in head


between


Gatun


Lake


level


and
pipe


the bottom of the Cut,


extending


into


water was admitted


lake


under


Gamboa


through


Dike,


these


the 24-inch


pipes


mining from


the old pumping plant located in


vicinity to take


care


drainage


water


north


divide.


This


was


done at 9 a. m. on October


Work on drilling the dike at Gamboa


preparatory to its demolition was begun in the latter part of August;


holes


were


loaded


and


were


fired


on October


accordance with an arrangement made two or three days beforehand,


blast


was fired


President


Woodrow


Wilson


Washington.


This was effected by using the land telegraph to Galveston,


Tex.


and


connecting it there


with


the Central


South


American


Cable Co.'


submarine cable and land lines,


which,


employing the company'


transisthmian


vicinity
current


was


cable


dike.


relayed


furnished a connection


When


from


President


point


point


to a local
depressed


along


circuit in


lever,


route


and


was


eventually transmitted


weight


attached


to the local circuit


handle


a switch.


, closing it and


The


weight


tripping a
threw the


switch, setting off the blast. �
opening 125 feet wide through


The result of the explosion was a clear
which water from Gatun Lake flowed


in sufficient volume to complete the filling of Culebra


Cut


from


dike


Cucaracha


slide


in about


two


hours'


time.


Prior


dyna-


miting the dike the water in the Cut was about 6 feet below the level





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


until
area


October


12 that a stream of water was gotten through and the


south


slide


began


The


dredges


reached


Cucaracha


slide


from


north


end


on October


and


from


south end on October 24.


The Gamboa Dike was attacked by dredges


immediately


after


explosion.


channel


was


finally


dredged


through


Cucaracha slide, so as


permit the


passage of the dredg-


ing fleet from


one side to the other, on December


With the ex-


ception


a small


pocket slide in


vicinity


of Cascadas,


the ad-


mission of water to the Cut has thus far had no bad effects; nor has
there been any perceptible tendency for the presence of water to pro-
duce slides.


In the central


division a total of 44.5 miles of track was removed


during the


period July


1 to


October


a total


33.7


miles were


laid, and a total of


294.81 miles shifted.


The sluicing operations to the north of Gold Hill and to the rear


of Cucaracha slide


were continued


during the


year


and


resulted in


the removal of 1,384,455 cubic yards of rock and earth, at an average


division


cost of $0.1997


per cubic


yard.


This material


was carried


by flumes into the valley to the east of the canal.


Material


different


removed


localities,


bulk


from


Culebra


going


Cut


Balboa


was


waste


wasted


dumps,


where 1,017,596 cubic yards were deposited, and


on the dumps along


the relocation
were placed.


of the


Panama


Railroad,


where


920,748


cubic


yards


The balance was used largely in fills at various points


south of the Cut.
South of Pedro Miguel Locks material amounting to 306,700 cubic


yards


was


excavated


fifth


division.


this,


20,510


cubic


yards were from the channel south of Pedro Miguel Locks and 286,190


cubic yards from the prism south of the Miraflores Locks.


The aver-


division


cost


was


$0.5134


cubic


yard.


The


material


was


used as a back fill to the locks and for sloping the Miraflores Dam.


On account of material recovered at the close of the


work, credit


was


given


excavation


aggregating about $79,000, so that the actual


during the


year was $0.7709


cubic


yard.


cost of dry
The total


amount


excavated


dry


from


Pedro


Miguel


since


beginning


work


aggregated


4,819,969


cubic


yards,


a .-*.- - .





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


channel.


The last remaining barrier at the Pacific end of the canal


was dynamited at 9.30 o'clock August 31


1913.


This dike, composed


of a
level


trestle fill


from


of rock and


entering


earth,


prevented the


steam-shovel


, 5,000


water from


feet


long,


the sea


feet


wide,


and


feet


below


mean


tide


, extending to


Miraflores


Locks.


The


Rio


Grande


diversion


was


turned


into


this


on August


bhe depth of
About 37,000


water


had


pounds


only


of 45


reached


about


cent and


feet


per cent


y August
dynamite


were used, the charge being placed in 541 holes at an average depth


30 feet.


time


of the explosion


water


in the


channel


south


of the


barrier was


nearly


at low


tide.


The


dynamite


tore


gap


dike about


100 feet


wide,


as the


bottom


of the


gap


was still at some height above the existing tide level, no water passed


through
minutes


until high
after the


inside channel


was


tide, at


water


1.35


first


that of


p. m.


began t<
Outside


At 3
flow


channel


o'clock,


over,


hour and


level


while


in the


gap


had


been widened to 400 feet or more.
As noted in previous annual reports,


there


were two


low places in


perimeter


Gatun


Lake


which


were


raised


in order


avoid
these


possibility


was


in the


vicinity


waters
Gatun,


lake


and


escaping.


an embankment


One


was


built


across it by the forces of the Atlantic division.


This was in a ravine


headwaters of Las


tion


was


85.7


feet


above


Guachas


Creek,


level.


where
about


natural


feet


long


eleva-


and


containing approximately


4,117


cubic


yards was


made


by means of


mule-team scrapers, borrowing from adjacent hills,


which raised the


surface to elevation 105


with a crown


width of 15 feet.


Under date


November


1913


a contract


was


made


building


an earth


dike at Cano Saddle No.


4, along a


ridge about


12 miles southwest


of Gatun


above
71.500


yard
The


raise


level.


cubic


rim


The


yards,


Gatun Lake at that


estimated


and


embankment measure.


amount


contract


price


point


material


was


involved


cents


The work was completed in May


payments to contractor will aggregate $48


,950.50.


feet
was


cubic
1914.


This saddle


between


headwaters


Siri


River,


a tributary


Trinidad


and


Lagarto


River,


which


flows


into


Caribbean


Sea.


The surface of the earth at the lowest point was 87.4 feet above


9





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


In the first district, between Pedro Miguel Locks and the sea, there


were
were


removed 5,364,816
taken from within


cubic yards, of which


the canal


prism


and


3,329,072 cubic


balance


was


yards
aux-


iliary work.


Of the amount removed from


1,186,432 cubic yards were of rock.


within


the canal


Of the rock excavated,


prism,
146,477


cubic yards


60,832


cubic


were drilled and


yards


remainder includes


were


blasted by the drill


broken


rock which


by
had


the
beer


rock


bre,


drilled


barge
aker F


Teredo and


ulean.


well


drills


The
and


blasted in previous years and material which could be handled by the


dredges without mining.
$0.2578 per cubic yard.


The average cost of prism excavation


Active operations began in


was


Culebra Cut on


October
3,432,363


1913


cubic


and


yards


continued


were


throughout


removed,


which


year


919,655


a total


cubic


yards


were


earth and


balance


rock.


The


average cost


was $0.5194


per cubic yard.


Of this amount,


865,015


cubic


yards of


earth


and


1,557


60 cubic yards of rock were removed from


an average cost of $0.4730 per cubic yard.


Cucaracha slide, at


Pipe-line dredges, with the


assistance of a relay, pumped over the west bank of the canal into the


Rio


Grande


Valley


684,514


cubic


yards


earth


and


77,880


cubic


yards of rock,


racha


slide


at an
Been


average cost of $0.2773


very


active


since


per cubic yard.


dredging


operations


Cuca-
started,


the daily movement averaging about 2�


feet.


On June 30, 1914, the


total area of the slide was 60.4 acres, 44.6 acres active and 15.8 acres


without motion.


Dredging wa


done during four months of the year


in Miraflores Lake, removing


159,817


cubic yards of


earth from


canal prism, at an average cost of $0.3179 per cubic yard.


the second


year, of which


district 6,544,192 cubic


yards


were


removed


3,692,576 cubic yards were removed


from


during
within


the canal prism,


574,630 cubic yard


Bay, and the balance was auxiliary v


from old French dump in Limon
york. The average cost of prism


and


French


dump


dredging


was


$0.1717


cubic


yard.


amount


removed


from


the canal


prism, 15


,994 cubic yards were of


rock.


Of the


total


amount


taken


there


were


removed


between


October, 1913,


and February, 1914. 507,195 cubic yards of earth and


5,035 cubic yards of rock from the canal prism just north of Gamboa
from what was formerly known as Point No. 1.


A J-1 r _ J.


. ----- -- 1-


I_ ~~.,]. - --


- n nfl a - a 3


al n I lh r1i r - r nfl a1r1nr11t1r arrt/V t LW * L5 * rT *_* 0El U I* � � rtjzL ELSIE aE'"a.S"/jjjn


A -


___',* I





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


d


thousand
304,411


basins, and


cubic yards were


placed in


the fill


for the substation and


cubic yards were placed in fills for bridge foundations,


yards at


coal


the coaling station.


At the Pacific terminals the dredges removed 1,919,003 cubic yards


cf earth and 7,964 cubic yards of rock, of which 1


of earth


31,711 cubic yards


were handled by pipe-line dredges and relays and placed in


fills for reclaiming swamp land.


$0.1655


The average cost of this work was


per cubic yard.


considerable


amount


of miscellaneous dredging


was also


done,


making


total


removed


entire


dredgin


fleet


Including


yardage of sand and gravel reclaimed, 15,341,371


cubic


yards.


The


fleet consisted of the seagoing suction dredges Caribbean and Culebra,


seagoing


ladder


dredge


Corozal


French


ladder


dredges


Badger, No. 1, No.


5, Gopher


Marmot, and Mole (the last abandoned


worn


Cardenas,


ut on September 2(
Chagres, and Mindi,


1913),


15-yard


5-yard


dipper


dredges


dipper dredges Gamboa


and Paraiso, and the pipe-line suction dredges No. 4, No.


No. 85, No. 86, and the


andpiper.


In connection with these dredges


there
scows.


were


employed


tugs,


launches


, 9 clapets,


and


dump


As noted in the previous annual report,


the Bucyrus Co.


for the construction


of two


contract
15-yard


was made with
dipper dredges


and


their delivery


at tidewater in


to be ready for towing to the


United States.


Isthmus on


December


The
1913


first


was


and the


second


on January


1914.


The


first


dredge


was


accepted


Port


Richmond,


on February


reached


Isthmus


on March


, and was placed in operation on April 4, 1914.


The second dredge


was


accepted


on May


and


Port
went


Richmond


into


on April


commission


reached


Cucaracha


slide


Isthmus
on June


1914.


Due


failure


ciently strong to do the work,


1 the buckets,
an additional


which


were


delay was caused.


suffi-
The


failure to meet the stipulated dates of delivery resulted in


very sen-


ously


handicapping the


work at Cucaracha slide and


delayed secur-


a channel


sufficiently


deep


and


wide


permit


the canal


utilized for the passage of commerce before the close of the year.
The sum of $2,000 was authorized to be expended in the construc-


tion


of temporary


dikes on the


west side of the channel


where


I ,s r *a ,11 1 * Il i i





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


MECHANICAL DIVISION.


The


until July


that


mechanical


19, 1913,


date


and


division


when he


until


was


charge


Mr.


resigned from the service.


March


, 1914,


Lieut.


Col.


i. Robinson
Subsequent
3. Dickson,


United


States


ganization
under the


tendent.


and


Army,


performed


personnel,


supervision
)n January


while


Mr.


1914,


general


duties


operation


John


Eason


Mr.


relating t
the shops


as assistant


Nutting,


United


was


supern-


States


Navy, reporting for duty,


over


duties


was assigned


performed


Col.


as superintendent and


Dickson


in connection


took
with


this division.


The


establishments


Balboa


shop


under


operation


(including roundhouse


division


and


consisted


shops),


Cris-


tobal shops and


dock,


Paraiso shops,


Cristobal roundhouse,


small


hoisting


establishments


Gatun


, Empire,


and


Paraiso,


and


the car-inspecting establishments at Cristobal and Balboa.


The


Cristobal


shops


and


dock


have


been


charged


with


repairs to


floating equipment;


as this dock was the only


able when a dry dock was necessary, it was in practically


one avail-
continuous


use throughout the


year.


For the


purpose of


docking the


five sub-


marines
Corozal
Paraiso


repair


which


upper


shops


work


were


on duty
lock of tl


on the


east


reestablished


on the


dredging


Isthmus


flight


on October
equipment


and


Gatun


docking


was


, 1913,


operating


used.


take


The
care


in Culebra


Cut.


The


hostling


four


engines


operating


in this


vicinity


was


turned over to these shops on May 25,


1914, and is performed


under


the foreman machinist.


The Cristobal roundhouse


was turned


over


to the mechanical


division


on April


1, 1914, and all hostling


north


end


of the canal


was concentrated


there.


The establishment,


min addition


two


air compressors


per minute.


roundhouse


with


, comprises


a combined


The plant supplies air for


a small


capacity


boiler
about


plant
2,000


hostling purposes and


and
feet
also


for work on the new piers of the Panama Railroad.


A small hostling


plant
With


was


established i
establishment


Empire,


in the


the electrical


shops
division


vacated,


on April


March


1914,


the electrical


a
~.v, an r$Irt


plants at Empire, Miraflores, Gatun, and Balboa,


a n Lb -. . 1


a * a V.. - -~ -


-n -a


-I


a c~


pre-
- x


an fl4 a4 an


|| RI i | | �q a i> | It * | ** | I ! B * *IIfl |I |*|*_l * I f�** *** *J t.|E| tU *&1J3L N U t NEl fU E JLJI *E 1


t





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


chinery


and


caring for


locomotives engaged in


that vicinity.


They


were abandoned April 1


,1914, and the work transferred to Balboa and


Cristobal.


The Pedro


Miguel engine house


was abandoned


on Sep-


tember


to the Gold


1913,
Hill


and


engine


e greater
house and


portion


equipment


buildings turned


moved


over to


quartermaster
established at


department


Gold


ment employed in


Hill
iry e


and


torn


in September,


xcavation


north


down.


1913


engine


to care


of Gold


Hill


house


was


for the equip-
. The engine


house continued in operation until completion of the excavation work


and


was discontinued


on March 31


1914.


The air-compressor plant


at Rio Grande


on October
district pr


, which had been in operation since 1905,


1913


eviously


was shut down


, and such compressed air as was required in the


supplied


Rio


Grande


was


furnished


plant :
March


Empire.


', 1914,


centrated


The


when


Cristobal


they


Balboa


were


shops.


car shops
abandoned


When


were in


and


Balboa


operation
1 car work
roundhouse


until
con-


was


into


service


on April


, 1914,


Panama


roundhouse


Panama Railroad


was placed


out of use.


Throughout the year,


while the shops were in operation, two shifts


were


regularly


worked


Gorgona,


Empire,


Paraiso,


and


Balboa.


In addition to the double shift, emergencies continually


arose which


necessitated


large


amounts


overtime


work,


in order


that


equip-


ment might be kept in condition for use and to prevent delay in the


work of


other divisions.


For further details, as well as a statement showing the amount of


work done during the year by the
to Appendix D.


DIVISION


various shops, attention is invited


OF TERMINALS.


The


division


of terminal


construction


was


organized


on April


1914, under Mr. H. H.


Rousseau,


United States Navy, as engineer of


terminal


construction.


The


division


embraces


forces


former second division


inspection and


plants,


struction


, chief engineer':


construction


floating cranes,


transportation


of the


docks and


rail;:


office engaged in


y docks, shops,
other terminal


road,


street


coal


the design,


and


facilities


and


sewer


fuel-
con-
work


under


landscape


architect;


and


breakwater


construction


I' . ,' a -


A L u





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


which


was begun


on April


1913


protect


the entrance


of Dry


Dock No. 1, Dry


cavations,
Difficulty


Dock No. 2, the entrance basin, and coal-pocket ex-


was completed by placing 103,116 cubic yards of material.


was


experienced


through


a portion


double-track


trestle giving way


and moving outward after dumping from it had


commenced,


dumping


this


material


was overcome


from


barges


and


reinforcing 1
ie cofferdam


outer toe


was


completed.


The leakage through it is relatively small and can


be controlled by


pumps.


In excavating for Dry


Dock No. 1 and Dry


Dock No. 2


coal


pockets


forced


November,


and


work
when


entrance


basin,


be confined


they


were


the center


demolished


and


Balboa


and


machine


south


sides


last obstacle


shops
until


to ex-


cavation


was removed.


The total amount taken out from the site of


Dry Dock No. 1 during the year was 358,282 cubic yards, 48,838 cubic


yards of which were classified as earth and the balance a


rock, mak-


ing a total of 466,975 cubic yards excavated from this area up to the


close


of the


year.


The


division


cost


year


was $1.0250


cubic yard,
cubic yard.


and the average division cost of the total was $0.9946 per


From the site of Dry


Dock No. 2,


which is located


just


north of the entrance of Dry


Dock No. 1, there were removed during


the year 41,548 cubic yards of earth and


52,129 cubic yards of rock,


at an average division cost of $0.8129 per cubic yard.


Steam-shovel


operations


deepened


excavation


from


-13.5


final


grade


for the entire area of the approach basin inside of the cofferdam, and


a total
$1.0250


and for the


351,333


cubic
travel


cubic
yard.


yards


The


were


area


removed


required


a division


for the


of unloading towers measures 800


storage


cost


coal


feet in length


and


about 400


feet


in width,


measured


from


the outer


edge


of the


quay


wall.


The


total


amount


excavation


during


year


was


166,104 cubic y
balance rock.


rards,


79,837


cubic yards of which


were earth and the


The average division cost was $0.7984 per cubic yard.


The material excavated from the site of the dry docks, entrance basin,


and


coal


pocket


was


removed


means


steam


shovels,


three


which


were worked 8 hours a day until February, 1914,


of that


another


month


shovel


added.


shovels
These


were


placed


shovels


on a 12-hoi


worked


when on the
ir basis and


split


shifts,


I _ __ _ _ -1 . __


_ .. . . .1


- ..- 4.-j - -. -. - -. aJ.A .L. a aC,.I ^nC i-U.^ ..^.-. v ....


---- -- m A






REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


storage


pile,


and


will


support


Pacific


division


berm


cranes


which will be reerected to rehandle the coal.


The material was mixed


i-yard


mixer


close of the fiscal
pockets were up


and


year all


placed


locomotive


three of the


to the construction


joint,


crane.


piers over the deep


where


girders


the
coal


which


carry the rail are to be set.


The retaining wall between the high and


storage


pockets was


to elevation


for three-fourths


length.
storage


The


area


retaining wall


rubble


was


retaining


completed,


at the east end


wall


as well


on the


as a


south


part


of the high area.


There


side


small
were


rubble
placed


during the


year


1,330 cubic yards of concrete and 808 cubic yards of


rubble masonry at an average division cost of $7.4811


per cubic yard.


There


were also


placed


in the foundations for the berm cranes 2,620


cubic yards of concrete at a division cost,
of $7.4464 per cubic yard.


exclusive of reinforcements,


The total amount of excavation accomplished


for dry


including the


docks, entrance basin, coaling plant, shops, quay walls,


work
and


piers, aggregated 1,513,048 cubic yards, of which 1,477,843 cubic yards


were


placed


in fill


and


embankment


remainder


being


hand


excavation


wasted in


the excavation


foundations


shops,


orange-peel excavation thrown to one side during the excavation


foundations


wharves


and


piers.


The


excavated


material


was


used to bring the shops'


yard


to elevation 18


make the fill


hind the quay wall, piers, and the area to be occupied by the Panama


Railroad


yards,


which


east


head


wall


permanent


piers, for the Nao
Balboa dumps.


Island


Breakwater, and


part was wasted


on the


Shops.--Lieut.


Col.


Dickson,


United States Army, inspector


hops,


was in immediate charge of the design and


installation


machinery


was relieved


of the


from


new
duty


Balboa


with


shops


until


the canal.


March


1914


when


The steelwork was car-


ried on by contract and completed during the year.


The total amount


material


material


and


delivered


erection


was


11,657,429


in place


under


pounds,
contract


and


was


cost


$427,203.


The


work was completed.


The


tiles being manufactured


buildings


have


on the Isthmus and


cement


erected in


roofing, the
place under


- - a *


1





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


foundations of two of the buildings were interfered with by the sand


dock
tions,
barge


and


considerable


trouble


was


experienced


due to obstructions in the mud below low tide


and


other


French


equipment and


old metal


placing


founda-


, consisting of old


which


had


been


dumped into the area and subsequently covered up.


The


installation


of machine foundations


in the


various buildings


progressed rapidly as soon as it was possible to start work inside the


buildings.


this


connection


4,944-


cubic


yards


concrete


were


used.


The shop


i' tunnel,


which runs through the building and yard


parallel


axis


dry


dock,


was


completed.


proper


drainage system was provided over the entire area.
The mechanical division abandoned Gorgona in August,


1913


, and,


together with the foundry and planing mill, moved direct to Balboa.
The other shops were transferred temporarily to Empire, and, cornm-


mencing March 1, 1914, were gradually moved to Balboa.


At the close


of the year practically all of the machines were erected in the perma-


nent locations and in


operation.


The total amount expended


on the


shops, including the cost of moving and installing the machines,


$2,384,967.33.


The shops


office


building is


last one


under


was
con-


struction.


At the close of the


year the steel framework and cement


roofing


were


completed


and


construction


division


supply


department was putting in the walls and floors,


the completion of the building.
office building was $59,494.90.


and engaged in


The total amount expended


on the


Breakwaters.-As stated in the last annual report,


it was decided


to construct a detached breakwater on the east side of Colon Harbor
to protect the interior harbor against the waves caused by the trade
winds, its general direction extending out from Coco Solo to a point


2,000 feet east of the outer extremity


of the west breakwater.


The


breakwater,


as originally


approved,


was


7,200


feet


long,


inner end being 3,893 feet from the end


of the shore fill.


Investiga-


tions were made in various localities for the purpose of securing suit-


able core and armor rock for use in its construction,


with a


view to


doing
Upon


away


with


the examination


necessity


further


Porto


Bello.


of comparative estimates of costs bearing on


different sources of supply of rock to be used, it was decided to obtain


1 A. . . C. tT"I � j # Al * J *


q


Ilia


* lf �





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


harbor for the landing of launches and


tugs towing piles was exca-


vated by the dredge Sandpiper, necessitating the


cubic yards of sand.


6-inch


water main


was laid


removal


from


58,650
Mar-


garita


Point


main


Coco


Solo


turnout


and


a 50,000-gallon


storage tank was erected for watering locomotives and for additional


protection.


The Coco Solo


yard


was filled


in to elevation


plus


and


the approach


tracks for the


trestle


were


raised


to elevation


plus


14.5.


Practically


of the


tracks


have


been


ballasted


main line of the Panama Railroad


for which


64,506 cubic yards of


were used in addition to


11,512


cubic yards of gravel ballast and.


522 cubic yards of crushed-rock ballast.
With the abolition of the Atlantic division on February


1, the west


breakwater work in


Colon Harbor and the operation of Porto


Bello


quarry


were


transferred


division


terminal


construction.


Armor rock was procured from Porto


Bello on the old crushed-rock


quarry level above the two lower levels referred to in the last annual


report.


On December


1, 1913, the working hours in the quarry were


reduced from 12 hours to 8 hours a day, and on April 30 the operation


of the quarry ceased.


During the year 207,654 cubic yards of armor


rock
cubic


were


yard.


produced


and


Auxiliary


shipped


excavation


a division


steam


cost


shovels


$4.01


amounted


302,893 cubic yards,


which were wasted on the shore dump.


In May,


1914,


quarry


was closed


down


in s


a manner


that


can


reopened if found necessary later in connection


with


the east


break-


water.
162,951


Of the


207,654 cubic yards of rock shipped from Porto Bello,


cubic yards were


placed


by three


derrick


barges


and


44,703


cubic yards were placed by three cranes at a division cost of $0.9673


cubic


yard.


Rock removed


dredges


extent


cubic yards was placed in the breakwater.
in May, 1914, at a division cost of $3,492,78


cubic yards of material, consisting


of 669


The work was completed
.27. It contains 1,945,733
4 cubic yards of dredged


rock, 819,930 cubic yards of Toro Point rock, and 456,549 cubic yards
of Porto Bello rock.


Work


on the


Naos


Island


Breakwater


was continued


throughout


the year.


With the closing


down


of dry


excavation in


Culebra


Cut


on October


10, a borrow pit was opened


the side of Sosa Hill


from


action


breakwater


had


been


concluded


that





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


breakwater was plus 18.5 and it was finished to its full


width.


The


average settlement during the last two


weeks of the year was 0.075


foot with the exception of one stretch about 600 feet in length which


settled at the rate of about one-half an inch per day.


During a por-


tion of the last


three months of the year there


was a settlement of


about 2 feet a day at
north of Naos Island,


the south


end


of the


breakwater immediately


whereas the settlement at the end


of the year


at this point amounted to only 3B inches per day.


During the fiscal


year 652,587


cubic yards were placed at an average division


cost of


$0.6088 per cubic yard.


Cristobal


coaling


plant.-Drilling


and


blasting


channel


material


vicinity


Cristobal


coaling


plant


was


started


dredging division in July, 1913,


and the removal of the material by


a pipe-line


dredged


suction


material


dredge


was


was


pumped


continued


ashore


through


where


most


me year.
needed.


The


Being


largely clean coral rock and sand, it has been used to bring the area


which


coal


will


be stored


in the dry,


measuring


about


feet


1,200 feet,


up to elevation plus 2.


Work was pushed


on the con-


struction


trestles


in setting


6-foot


caissons,


and


the construction


of the two concrete walls supported on


piles, about


700 feet in length,


that carry the tracks for the stocking and reclaim-


bridges.


end


year


trestle


construction


was


about


cent


completed.


The


caissons


steel


6 feet


diameter,
set, and
advance ,


and
6 of


by the end


these


any


were


of the
driven


excavation.


The


year 78
to rock


total


of the cylinders


with


a steam


amount


had


been


hammer


concrete


placed


was 3,123 cubic yards, at an average division cost of $5.4986 per cubic
yard.
A contract was entered into for furnishing the materials, necessary


machinery,


and


erection


in place


coal-handling


plants.


The coal-handling plants are designed for the storage of 485,000 tons


at Cristobal and


215,000 tons at Balboa.


Of the former, 100,000 tons


are to be wet stora


and in the latter case 50,000 tons.


Fuel-oil


four


plant.--A


fuel-oil


contract


storage


tanks


was entered


feet


into


on October


diameter


and


L, 1912,
feet in


height, each having a capacity of 40,000 barrels, to be completed at a


.-w~ a a-C 4. L a na a a 'I a a a 4. a ~3 a 4. tEa - . w 4. 17 a a a a 4. .n a a-


nflh& ~-t eon onn





REPORT


THE


GOVERNOR.


necessary will be used as oil docks, and the tank field will be located


between the east diversion and
are suitable locations for 40 or


Mount


50 tanks.


Hope
The


I
-I


Road


where there


pumping plant


be located immediately east of the Mount Hope filtration plant.


the Pacific terminal there will be a berth for oil vessels 75


by about


will
At


feet wide


2,000 feet long immediately adjoining the canal channel and


south
which


deck


of the old


will


French


pier.


be constructed


supported


6-foot


will be located on


lowe


There


once,


concrete
r level


will


consisting
cylinders.


I
.4


three oil


steel


The


of Balboa dump,


cribs, two of


and


pumping


concrete


plant


opposite the oil


cribs.
dump.


The tank field has been laid out on the higher level of Balboa


An area has been reserved for the accommodation of 33


lots


each 200 feet square.


the end


of the


fiscal


year there


been


expended


on the


fuel-oil


plant


Pacific


terminal


$50,289.33,


including the cost of dredging berth for ships,


for which there were


removed


60,776 cubic


yards,


a division


cost of $0.0983


cubic


yard


and on that at the Atlantic terminal $49,694.15.


and


walls


pier


consist


and


pter


-Work


was


Pacific


reinforced-concrete


continued


canal


deck


during


supported


on the


quay


rae year.
cylinders


walls
These


sunk


rock.


When


completed


total


length


of the quay


wall


or wharf


will be 2,662.65 feet,


averaging 60 feet wide.


Of this amount 648.78


feet were


ported


built for the
the previous


Panama
annual


Railroad


report.


as a lumber


The


remaining


dock,


as re-


portions


wharf extend


north


rock


portion


and


the north and south


is supported


filled


with


upon


concrete,


cylindrical
reinforced


of this lumber dock.


concrete caissons


with


steel


rails.


The
sunk
The


cylinders themselves are reinforced concrete


7 feet 6 inches in diam-


eter,


with 8-foot bottom section 5 feet in length.


Of the section north


lumber


dock,


8.42


feet


16 caissons


remained


sunk


during the year, most of the substructure having been completed dur-


previous


year.


There


caissons


in this


dock.


The


superstructure consists


with


vitrified-brick


of reinforced


surface.


The


girders,


work


was


beams,
begun


and
in


floor slab


July,


1913,


and was completed on February


1, 1914.


The paving brick were laid


on a sand cushion.


There were 75,683 square feet of brick laid on the


floor of this dock, and it was completed on April 1, 1914.


Quay





PANAMA


CANAL.


The wharf south of the lumber dock is 775.45 feet in length,


a return 290 feet long, and,


with


as the work had to be performed in water,


the reinforced-concrete caissons used in the other dock were not suit-


able.


The caissons


for this portion


of the


work


are steel


cylinders


6 feet


diameter,


in sections


5 feet


long.


order to


permit


construction of this portion of the wharf it was necessary to remove
the sand-unloading cranes formerly used by the Pacific division, and


the sand


operations were


transferred


Miraflores


locks.


A ladder


dredge


tudinally


and


cleared


through


a double


trestle


handling


was constructed


caissons.


longi-
The


excavation inside the cylinders was performed by orange-peel buckets


as much


as possible,


material


overlying


hard


rock


was


so firm


that


greater


part


of the


excavation


had


done


hand
year


, using Star well drills as hoisting engines.
23 caissons had been sunk to rock.


At the close of the


The


bulkhead


is 303


feet


quay


wall


long and


, extending


built on


between


wharf


and


concrete cylinders sunk to


Pier
rock


in a manner similar to that at the


wharf north


of the lumber dock.


Rock was encountered


very much higher than on the greater part of


other


quay


walls,


and


was


necessary


considerable


rock


excavation in the caissons to get them


well below


-45.


Excavation


was done by


orange-peel


buckets operated by


locomotive cranes,


removal


required


dock.


hand


They


rock


and


excavation.


were


sunk


cleaning onu
Sixty-five


bottom


piers


rock


were


end


caissons


required fo
? February,


this


1914.


The superstructure was placed similar to that of the other docks.


similar


bulkhead


, extending


from


Pier


Pier


was


begun during the year.


The construction


of Pier


, 1,000


feet


length


and


feet


wide


, proceeded in a manner similar to


that of the


wharf


construe-


tion


, both as regards excavating in the caissons and placing the super-


structure.


rock


being


excavation in


Most


material


encountered


order to secure


excavated


upper


end


a foundation


was


, which


for the


soft


alluvial


necessitated


cylinders.


mud,
hand
Dur-


ing the year


184 piers were sunk to rock.


The division cost of this dock work in detail to date is as follows:


* I -I' 11 .1 U . * 1 1 -I 1 .- ". 1


i E A


Tlml2E





REPORT


GOVERNOR.


square


feet of brick paving were


laid, at


a division


cost of $0.3120


per square


foot.


This dock


was completed


during the


year


an area of 77,403 square


feet and


total


division


cost was $421,-


200.57


, or $5.4417 per square foot.


At the quay wall south of the lumber dock,


tory to the construction of this dock, 25
were removed, at a division cost of $0.46


in dredging prepara-


720 cubic yards of material


9 per cubic yard;


669 cubic


yards were excavated for and in the piers, at a division cost of $2


per cubic yard; in filling the caissons,


1,487


cubic yards of


concrete


were


placed,


a division


cost


$9.3277


cubic


yard.


close of the fiscal year there have been expended in


the construction


of this dock $107,956.


the construction


of the


bulkhead


quay


wall


, extending between


the wharf and Pier


No. 1,


7.83


5 cubic yards


of material were excavated in and for the piers, at a division cost of


$2.4612


cubic


yard.


construction


caisson


shells


1,657


cubic yards of concrete were used,


at a division cost of $17.3458


cubic


yard


cylinders,


3,563


cubic


a division


yards


cost


concrete


.9657


were
cubic


placed
yard.


within
There


were 2,462 cubic yards of


concrete


placed in


the concrete


floor


at a


division
concrete


cost of $16.3920 per cubic yard, and


balustrade,


a division


cost


cubic


$33.7429


yards in


cubic


yard.


Behind the structure, 2,313 cubic yards of back fill


division cost of $2.1406 per cubic yard.


were placed, at a


The total amount expended


on this quay wall to the end of the fiscal year was $130


06.14.


In the construction of the pier, 31,666 cubic yards of material were


excavated for and in


the cylinders, at a division


cost of $2.9495 per


cubic


yard.


construction


caisson


shells,


10,773


cubic


yards of concrete


yard,


and


13,346


were
cubic


used


at a division


yards


concrete


cost of $12


were


used


.5772 per cubic


filling


caissons, at a division cost of $6.7139 per cubic yard.


In connection


with


division


floor system


cost


there


of $1.4920


were
cubic


excavated


yard;


cubic


,222


cubic


yards,


yards


con-


create were


laid in


floor


at a


division cost of $16.1


per cubic


yard,


and 939 cubic yards of back fill were placed, at a division cost


of $1.9287


per cubic yard.


To the end


of the fiscal


year there


were


expended in the construction of this pier $511,749.14.


The total


1 1


* 1


- a - - a - - n '. .-. .-~ , n.. - a -- n fl t~ fl tw ,~ n * rn * ~ r * ~ 1 rt 1 r% fl .5 a * , r~ n a.. r n .r


-


Ski


J 1


o*


THE






THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


crushers.


since


which


Two


time


in reserve.


shovels


one shovel


July,


1913


were


kept


been
bank


work


operated
under t


until


and


May,
other


crusher


1914,
held


building


gave way and threatened to carry away the lower part of the crusher


building and conveyor.


steam shovels,


working day


ie material in
and night, a]


the slide was excavated by
nd about 40,000 cubic yards


were removed and hauled to Miraflores locks for back filling and to the


Balboa town site.


During this time the crushers were run 12 hours


a day


until


danger


from


slide


was


stopped.


The


large


crusher was relined once


, the main shaft changed twice, and the main


eccentric changed twice in order to be rebabbitted.


The


larger


output


from


quarry


is designated


as rock


and the smaller as rock


No. 2.


The demand for the latter size


was


greater than formerly


and


the crusher


had


be arranged


to crush


rock


smaller,


centage of No.


screens


being


(


2 rock was produced.


hanged
The t


so that


a greater


otal amount of


per-


crushed


rock produced during the year was 502,798 cubic yards at an average


cost


$0.8974


cubic


yard.


addition


thereto


49,156


cubic


yards of screenings were


struction


and


repair


produced,


roads


and


which


were


utilized in


manufacture


the con-
concrete


blocks for construction of buildings.
Sand service.-The handling of sand


from


Chame to


Balboa


was


performed
continued


dredging


under


unloading


dredging


cranes


Balbc


division,


division
)a were


and


until
closed


unloading


February
down, o


Balboa


, 1914,
wing


when


necessity


of moving them off the temporary dock on


which they had


been installed.


The unloading operations were transferred to Mira-


flores on April 28, and unloading was performed by one of the berm


cranes still remaining at that


point.


A locomotive crane was subse-


quently added, and both machines worked during May and June.


total


199,319


cubic


yards of


sand


was


received


and


unloaded at


an average cost of $0.8233 per cubic yard.


Panama


Railroad


freight


yards.-The


Panama


Railroad


freight


yards,


extending


practically


from


Diablo


completed at the end


Hill


foot


of the year.


Sosa


Hill,


The filling and


were
exca-


ovation for these were performed by the division of terminal construc-


.5 * . C -' Lu - -u


j w �


- a


U U I- U . S


-- A


- m


* *





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


upon t
United


ability


States.


control


During


the
year


transportation


cost


water


coal


from


transportation


was $1.395


per ton.


The coal


is brought down


in foreign


bottoms.


The


conclusion


was


reached


early


in the consideration


coal


supply problem that advantages would result from the ownership by


The


Panama


Canal


or the


Panama


Railroad


colliers


bringing coal to


the Isthmus.


estimate


was therefore submitted


1912


that


would


permit


construction


by The


Panama


Canal


of two colliers
and would give


supply.


in accordance


with


latest


type of


The Panama Canal the desired control


The general plans were prepared by the Navy


naval


design


over its coal
Department,


and


bids


were


opened


their


construction


on February


1914.


On April 9,1914, a contract was entered into for the construction of the


two at $987,500 each.


Each collier is to have a coal-carrying capacity


of 12,000 tons and a speed of 14 knots per hour loaded to


full capac-


June


1914,


Secretary


War


decided


that


these


colliers when completed will be operated by the Panama Railroad Co.


The
tion,


company


has submitted


which amounts to 97


an estimate


cents a ton


of the


cost


of transporta-


Snot including depreciation


interest on the capital invested.


Tugs.-As stated


in the


previous


annual


report,


an estimate


was


included for the fiscal year 1913 for the purchase of four harbor tugs


suitable design


using


December,


canal
1913,


and
The


and


sufficient


plans


bids


power to


and


were


handle


specifications


invited


largest


were


a circular


vessel


approved
through


Washington office on January 6,


1914.


When the bids were received


it was decided to reduce the number from four to two, and the con-


tract was awarded and entered into on May 8,


Floating cranes.-A contract was entered


1914.


into on April 21,1913,


two


floating cranes of the


revolving type,


and


250 tons capacity


each, at a cost of approximately $837,500,


to be delivered and


corn-


pleted on the Isthmus within 580 days, or by December 2,1914.


These


crane
The


have


work


beei
has


1


given


progressed


names Ajax
satisfactorily,


and t
and


tercuh
the


respectively


pontoons


were


brought from Germany and arrived on the Isthmus in July.


Balboa


town


site.-Planning


permanent


town


Balboa,


together with the streets,


water and sewer systems,


was placed under


a -. S . - - * a . - -e





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


terminals; an area of 72j acres on the southwesterly slope of Ancon


Hill


which


been


named


"Balboa


Heights."


Employees


ing in the Administration Building will be housed in this area.


work-
The


third area, of about 55 acres, is on the low


ground


between the two


areas above mentioned, on which will be located buildings of a public


or semipublic


character,


as well


as quarters.


Construction


work


was started the latter part of August, and the progress has been gov-


earned to a considerable extent by the existing structures and


tracks.


Sewers
amount


and


struction


water


grading
' roads


systems


and


have


planting


asphaltic


been


work


concrete


installed


and


completed.


was


adopted


a considerable


For


as being


con-
more


economical.


The total amount expended on the work was $409,116.35.


Radio station'--In addition to the foregoing work, the building of


Darien


radio station


was


placed


in charge


of this division and


$74,756.88 were expended


during the year on its construction.


For further particulars, attention is invited to Appendix B.

SUPPLY DEPARTMENT.


The supply
combining th


department was organized, effective April 1, 1914,


quartermaster


and


subsistence


departments


the old organization, and was placed in charge of Capt. R. E.


under
Wood,


United


States


Army


as chief


quartermaster.


The


department


charge oj
buildings


fuel,
hotels


recruitment


labor


construction


and


repair


care, furnishing, and assignment of quarters; distributing


commissary


supplies,


and


distilled


water;


operation


, messes, and kitchens; requisitioning for supplies of all kinds,


together with the receipt and distribution of them on arrival; the cut-
I
ting of grass and disposal of night soil and garbage, as prescribed by
the health department.


During


than


that


year the


any


other


work


on the


department


Isthmus,


was


more


reason


arduous
frequent


changes in
construction


organization


new


due


building


consolidation
elimination <


' the
old


work,
towns


the
and


their transfer to new localities, and too much credit can not be given
to those who have had charge of the work.


The force employed on the canal


dropped steadily throughout the


1 r~tt flP'~'fl fla 4 fl4 .4 I An fl-a





REPORT


OF? THE


GOVERNOR.


in the


The shop


building


forces


force
made


construction


two transfers,


one


from


quarters,
Gorgona


offices,


Empire


and then from Empire to Balboa.


The dredging forces were shifted


from


the terminals at


Balboa and


Cristobal


Paraiso.


The trans-


portation
Balboa.


men


These


were


transferred


changes


were


from


made


Las


Cascada


necessary


and


Empire


waters


lake drowning out Gorgona


where the shops were


formerly


located


by the concentration of the dredging fleet in Culebra Cut, and by the
abandonment of Las Cascadas so that it might be all available for the


military.


At the close of the


fiscal


year there


was a total


17.938


men


, women,


and


children


canal


quarters,


as compared


with


23,184 men,


women


and


children


the close of the


previous fiscal


year


The greatest percentage of decrease


was among the American


and European employees.


A new town


La Boca


was erected


on the


Balboa dumps south of


Sosa


Hill


for the silver employees


that


will


eventually


required


for the permanent organization.


Houses which had to be abandoned


or moved


were


transferred and reerected at La Boca and


converted


into family quarters, and these apartments were rented.


ment has been a success and has accomplished


has afforded the families


The experi-


three good results


of silver employees comfortable houses at a


rental


city


of fully


of Panama


building


50 per cent less


it has enabled


which otherwise


little or nothing


and


than


they


would


the canal


would have


had


has enabled


have to


good


be abandoned


the canal


pay min the
advantage


or sold
a rea-


derive


sonable


return


from Gorgona,


from


Bas Obispo,


investment.
Las Cascada


Fifty-two


Diablo


buildings,


, Empire,


taken


Culebra


Porto Bello, Gatun,


Pedro Miguel, and Ancon Hospital,


were moved


and reerected at La Boca at a cost of $110,045.50, or an average cost


apartment


$266;


resulting


structures


accommodate


families.


The cost varied from $111


to $5


0 per apartment and the


rents


range


from


month.


Range


closets,


cook


sheds,


washhouses,


and


bathhouses


bachelor


and


married


employees


were erected at La


ment


Boca at a cost of $15,509.16.


Boca, silver


were thoroughly


quarters


overhauled


and


Paraiso,


repaired


and


Besides the settle-


Cristobal,


and


then rented.


Gatun
At the


close of the


year


houses,


with


736 apartments and


rooms,


were





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


izing $7,453.76, practically all French buildings.


The raising of the


lak
at


e


necessitated


Gorgona


and


removal,


Matachin


and


demolition, and


most


sale


buildings


buildings


in the


labor


camps


Chagres and Miraflores,


and


slides


caused


the demolition


and removal of some of the buildings at Culebra.


Of the 175 build-


ings taken


down,


have


been reerected and 22


were


in course of


erection on June 30.


The total cost of this work has been $308,310.63.


While experience has shown that buildings can be moved faster and
more economically when no alterations are made in the type, in view


of the fact that the buildings being reerected at Ancon


will


be used


for the


permanent


force,


was


concluded


that


some


alterations


should be made so as to afford greater comfort.


Work in connection


with
Navy


the erection


was


done


of buildings


supply


for the


Darien


department.


radio


The


station


total


amount


pended for this work wa
structed consisted of the


$53,314.72.


The permanent buildings con-


Hydroelectric station at


Gatun, the substa-


tions


Gatun,


Cristobal,


Miraflores,


and


Balboa


commissary


warehouse at Cristobal


Sthe Administration Building at Balboa, per
, the Administration Building at Balboa, per-


manent


family


quarters


concrete


blocks


four-family


and


two-family),the shops office building, commissary building at Balboa,


and the commissary building at Ancon.


The total amount expended


these


buildings,


exclusive


those


commissary,


close of the fiscal year aggregated $1,943,430.05.


The


policy


was


continued


limiting


stock


material


and


supplies as much as possible,


which necessitated


the placing of fre


quent orders for small amounts of material, increasing the


work of


the storekeepers and


United States


requisition


division and


difficulties


purchasing


office


Washington.


The


value


material received


during the year was $11,116,395.10; the local


pur


chases amounted to $2,293,144.66.


Of the local purchases, coal aggre-


gated


$929,176.57


McClintic-Marshall


, $863,206.66;


and


Construction


e purchase
, $40,000.


of tools from


There


was


decrease of 130,000 tons of


cement


but a


very


large increase in


amount


lumber


purchased.


Changed


conditions


work


necessitated the closing down of storehouses at various localities and


the concentration of material at the terminals.


The Gorgona store-


hou mc


was closed


on Annust


1.12


Miraflores


ots rehouse


. . .... ...


I,





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


963.28, as compared with $10,580,623 during the previous year.


value


stock


hand


Balboa


June


, 1914,


The
was


$1,098,143.49.


Scrap
sisted o


operations


were


collection,


continued


storage,


throughout


classification


and


year,
sale


and


con-


scrap.


Altogether a total


of 30,000 tons of rail and scrap


were


handled at


the scrap yard at Mount Hope.


Exclusive of the contract


with the


Chicago House


Wrecking Co.,


under which practically no shipments


were


made


during the


year, approximately $80,000


worth


scrap


was sold.


There is in addition scrap on hand at Mount Hope valued


at about $300,000 based


on present market prices.


The expenses of


scrap operations proper amounted


to approximately $25,000 for the


year.


Unloaders, steam shovels,


locomotives, spreaders, pile drivers,


and track shifters no


longer needed for the work were prepared for


storage, at a total cost of $14,222.84


this expenditure was necessary


in order to secure the highest possible prices for the material.


On June 30
Hotel Aspinw


,1914, the department was operating the Hotel Tivoli,


all


12 line hotels, and 10 laborers'


messes, a decrease of


4 hotels


and


messes


from


last


year.


The


hotels


Porto


Bello,


Gorgona,


were


closed.


Aspinwall
No. 6. Bas


were


closed


converted


Dump


mess


Taboga


Obispo,
and th


into


Bas


Obispo,


Ancon


Island


Culebra,
; common


a laborers'


were


Las
gold


opened.


Gorgona,
laborers'


mess.


The


Cascadas,
employees


The


Miraflores


kitchen


gross


and
and


messes


and


Naos


revenue


Miraflores


Hotel
Dump
Bello


was
line


Porto


Island


from


hotels, restaurants, and messes was $1,032,189.51, a decrease of $202,


888.33 from last year,


856.92


decrease


hotels was


diately


a decrease


$18,944.49.


31,91
July


after


while the total


83,942.84,


The


total


a decrease


1913


cost of


making
number
208.732


European


operations wa
he profit $10,


meals


from


last


laborers'


served


year.


messes


s $1,021,


m line
Imme-


and


common laborers' kitchens were combined and called laborers'


messes.


The total number of rations served in these messes was 950,994, the


total number


of rations served


both messes and


kitchens during


the previous year being 1,396,972.


wages was $133,63


The net expense for salaries and


.81, as compared with $166,398.65 for the previous


year.


As the result of the year'


operations the line hotels and res-


w





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


work,


erred, and


hauling


material


the collection


new


garbage


buildings


in the city


and


those


Panama,


trans-
which


was transferred


to the health


department during the


year, all


Gov


eminent animals were worked


to the limit.


This overwork and the


fact that all mules except those purchased during the past 15 months


have averaged


over seven


years'


service on


Isthmus


resulted in


the death of 50 animals


, a considerably heavier loss than during the


previous year.
For further details, attention is invited to Appendix F.
COST KEEPING.


No change


was made in the methods of


cost keeping adopted


construction


divisions


in January,


1910.


addition


those


reported


last


year,


cost


accounts


were


initiated


Cristobal


coaling


struction


plant,


of the


ie gravel-reclaiming
permanent concrete


plant at
buildings,


Balboa


and


con-


the accounts for the


latter being an


elaboration


of the system formerly


used.


The costs


are made up of the labor engaged in and the lhaterial applied to the


work, an arbitrary to absorb the cost of the plant, and a


portion


of the division


Canal


overhead


prorated


charges.
different


The general


parts


proper pro-
expenses of


work


and


must
costs.


be added


the division


engineers


cost


in order to determine the


necessarily


have


control


total


over


items which make


these


general


expenses,


the costs reported are


division


cost


except


when


noted


contrary


The


cost-


keeping accountant reports directly to the Governor.


In addition to


the duties enumerated in the last annual report, the cost accounting


for the


work under


jurisdiction


former


central


division


and that for the quartermaster'


department was transferred to this


office on October


division.


1, 1913, and


He has been


on June 1


engaged in


, 1914, that of the electrical


preparing permanent accounting


systems for the operation and maintenance of the canal since April
1, and to the close of the year most of this work had been completed


with the exception of minor detailed accounts,


as the necessity develops.


which will be initiated


At the close of the last fiscal year the pay


roll of the office


was about $3,000 per month, and


there


were trans-


ferred


with


the accounts of the


former central


division


and


�N U A I U U U - a


ma





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


Comparative costs are not given this year for all the units of con-
struction, as conditions due to the completion of the work make such


comparisons valueless as far as a large


struction is concerned.


portion


At the Ancon rock


of the units of


quarry there


con-


was a de-


crease of


185,503 cubic yards in


the quantity


duced'and an increase of $0.1179 per cubic yard,
operation of and repairs to the crushers.


crushed stone pro-
principally in the


The quantity of sand dredged from Chame Point decreased 246,339


cubic yards and the cost increased $0.1154 per cubic yard,
in the expense of dredging and towing to Balboa.


principally


The cost of the large rock in


place in the Colon


west breakwater


increased $0.4480 per cubic yard as compared


with last year, due to


increase in
decreased


the charge
quantity of


for
rock


plant a
placed


arbitrary,


made


necessary


breakwater


as compared


with the estimate.
There was an increase of $0.3154 per cubic yard in the cost of rock
placed in the Naos Island Breakwater, due to charging this account
with the expense of quarrying and transporting rock from Sosa Hill
and of transporting the rock secured from the excavation in the area
of the dry dock at Balboa.


To the end of the fiscal


year there had


been expended $440,483.46


construction


terminal


facilities


Cristobal


which


$390,789.31 w!
storage plant.
expended $6,6


as for the coaling plant and $49,694.15


for the fuel-oil


For the terminal facilities at Balboa there had


65,446.24, of which $1,108,773.31


been


were for surveys and


in the
harbor


preparation of
; $504,320.59 in


$592,971.66


the construction


in dredging


of the main


inner


dock; $78,


312.02 in the construction of the small dry dock, known as Dry


$287,269.17


in the


construction


coaling


plant;


Dock
$386,-


004.07


in excavating the entrance basin


$126.85


the construction


of the sea


wall


$2,444,462.23


in the construction


of the


permanent


shops, storehouses, and roundhouse


of the docks; and $50


12,917.01 min the construction


89.33 in the construction of the fuel-oil plant


and in dredging a berth for the oil ships.


expended


preparation
$132,539.23


of the


permanent


for the town


town


sites


there


have


been


for that


Balboa


and


$112,349.2


that


Pedro


Miguel,


a total


of La Boca, $409,116.35





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


dating the


time and


cost keeping


forces


the executive


office,


expense


having previously been borne by the construction divisions.


The remainder is principally


due to


heavy


charges for repatriation


of employees leaving the service or discharged for reduction of force,


and to the expense of moving the storehouses


at Gorgona and Empire.


For further details, attention is invited to Appendix I-2.
ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT.


The


accounting


department


was


organized


on April


, 1914,


accordance


with


provisions of the


Executive order putting into


effect the new organization, and consists of the auditor, Mr. H. A. A.


Smith,


who has supervision of the entire department and is in direct


charge of the auditing and accounting work; Mr. John H. McLean


is in direct


charge


disbursements


and


Mr.


Clear


collections.
An attempt was made to revise the system of accounting that has


been in effect during the construction


period so as to make it appli-


cable


operation


of the canal


. While


the canal


is primarily


for the purpose of passing ships, under authority of law provision is


made


for supplying vessel


with


fuel


, general supplies of all kinds,


including subsistence,


for repairs,


and various other facilities, so that


the system must be sufficiently elastic to take care of the various enter-


prises, and for the determination


of net profits as nearly as may be


done,


which,


under


law, must revert to


Treasury.


The


distance of the Treasury


Department was sought and two committees


visited


Isthmus,


result


which


was


approval


cer-


tain forms for use in connection with the rendition of public accounts.
A new classification of accounts has been established beginning with


the fiscal


year


1915.


Under the agreement with the Republic of Panama,


which requires


reimbursement


United


States


expenditures


curred in


connection


with


the construction, maintenance,


and


opera-


tion of waterworks, sewers, and pavements within the cities of Colon


and


Panama,


expenditures


June


, 1914,


city


Panama


were $1,761


,328


.49 and in the city of Colon $1,659,640.20, a


total


of $3,420,968.69, including accrued interest to date


the rate


of 2 per cent per annum on the capital cost balances and on


the pro-





REPORT OF THE GOVERNOR.


the sum of $2,888,437.50 was collected on the pay rolls for commis-
sary books issued to canal employees.
The periodical examination of the accounts of the 225 officers and
employees having the collection, custody, and disbursement of money
was made during the year.
The total disbursements on the Isthmus on account of salaries and


wages of emi
$27,749.135.69.


)loyees and


on account of


Disbursements


other


United


items
States


amounted
amounted


$14,614,403.71, or a total of $42,363,539.40.
The total collections during the year amounted to $8,106,469.42,
of which $4,718,024.30 were repaid to appropriations, $379,365.02 de-
posited as miscellaneous receipts, and $2,963,148.96 collected on ac-


count of Panama Railroad commissary.
collected for the account of the railroad


The balance, $27,931.14, was
, bonding company, and other


contractors.
The inspection of time books and the work of timekeepers in the
field was continued.
The property accounting was transferred to this department on


January


1, 1914, and for the six months that it had charge records


were maintained of purchases and sales of the quartermaster's stores,


and material and supplies were


received


a total


value of $7,


887,431.66, of which $4,840,245.92 were for stock and $3,047,185.74
were for material, supplies, and equipment delivered direct to the


construction


divisions.


During this period


the issues from store-


houses


amounted


$5,423,585.41,


and


amount


received


from


direct sales to outside interests totaled $142,377.56.
The separate business of the Canal Zone has reduced materially


during the year.


The amount of revenue derived from rentals, taxa-


tion, etc., decreased from $212,266.83 in 1913 to $168,076.64 in 1914.
The audited expenditures during the year amounted to $261,064.17.
In the operation of the post offices there was a decrease in the num-
ber of orders issued from 238,316 in 1913 to 198,009 in 1914.
The canal clubhouses received a total revenue of $132,624.05 and


expended $133,086.95.


The balance on June 30, 1914, in clubhouse


funds amounted to $26,513.96, with outstanding obligations of $10,-
534.53.
The provisions of the injury compensation act of May 30, 1908,





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


on account of long-continuing
of death claims.


periods


disability


nor


on account


' Congress has appropriated a total of $374,048,194.59 for the canal,


including


appropriation


continued


sundry


civil


proved August 1, 1914.


Of this amount $12,050,


5 were for fortifi-


cations


persons,


and


$22,508.01


so that


there


were
were


appropriated ft
$361,974,861.58,


relief


including


private
amount


covered by the sundry civil act of August 1, 1914, appropriated for
the construction of the canal and its adjuncts. Except for the por-


tion


used


in maintaining


and


operating


canal,


which


$161,-


608.52


were


charged,


and


$2,000,000


appropriated


colliers,


amount chargeable against the total authorized bond issue of $375,


200,900
collected


$359,813,253.06


and


returned


June


Treasury


1914


$6,254,203.37


as miscellaneous


were


receipts,


so that the cost of the canal, including the appropriation of August 1,
1914, stands at $353,559,049.69.


For


further details,


attention


is invited


Appendix


EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.


The executive


civil


department


administration.


Prior


is an outgrowth of ti
to the reorganization


department


on April


1 the


department


civil


administration


was


under


supervision


Mr. Richard L. Metcalfe,


who was appointed a member of the Isth-


mian Canal Commission on August 9,


1913


, succeeding Commissioner


M.H.


Thatcher.


He arrived on the Isthmus on August 7, 1913, and


was assigned


ment


became


to charge of the department on


effective.


Since


the date


reorganization


Mr.


his appoint-
Metcalfe has


been a member of the committee for the formal and


official opening


of The


1914.


Panama


The


Canal


department


created


embraces


Executive


general


order
office


dated


May


business


Governor, the work under the supervision of the executive secretary


as already outlined, the courts,


and the offices of the special attorney,


the district attorney, and the Canal Record.
C. A. McIlvaine, acting under the Governor.


It is in


charge of Mr.


Customs service.-During the year


280 vessels entered the port of


Balboa,


a total


tonnage of


569,681


and 277


vessels cleared, of





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


year, 323 were settled with the consular representatives in Panama of


countries


estates
persons


were
who


which


settled


had


direct


recovered


deceased


with


their


were
heirs,


sanity,


citizens
2 estates


and


or subjects,


were


estate


was


repaid


divided


rata


among


claimants.


The


total


amount


involved


was


$36,025.95.
Division


posts.-At


offices in operation,


close


year


there


were


post


6 of the 17 offices in existence at the close of the fis-


cal year 1913 having been discontinued,


while 2 new offices were estab-


lished.


The sale of postage stamps and


postal


cards, including the


revenue derived from the sale of stamp books, amounted to $90,590.63,


as compared with $100,485.54 for the previous fiscal year,


were collected for second-class


and $463.67


mail matter, as compared with $318.84


for t
were
pared


preceding


issued


with


year.


fees from
preceding


Money
Which


year


orders am
amounted


there


was


c


hunting to
to $19,048.:


a decrease


$4,029,364.83
11. As com-
e $854,259.30


in the
There


amount,


were


5.113


and


decrease


postal


savings


$3,93


account


in the


opened


fees


during


collected.


year,


2,180 of
$498,481.
nations


which
The


and


were
2.180


active


depositors


dependencies.


The


close


include
total


with


deposits


citizens


amount


aggregating


or subjects
deposits f


year
year.


was


$1,708,530,


addition


as compared


to the


postal


with


$1,601,616


savings accounts


previous


there


were on


posit at the close of the year $70,750.41 in the


form of money


orders


issued and drawn on Canal Zone post offices payable to the remitter.
This amount belongs almost exclusively to employees of The Panama
Canal and the Panama Railroad Co.


Division of schools.-The


schools opened on


October


1, 1913,


with


an enrollment


in that


month


2.167


children


, 1,109


white


schools


and


1,058


in the


colored


schools,


as compared


with


during the month of October,


1912.


The total enrollment during the


year was


1,270 in


the white schools and 1,492 in


the colored schools.


No new school buildings were constructed during the


year, although


one building was removed and reerected and several rooms added to


existing


and


Toro


building


Point


and


addition
colored


white


schools


schools


Gorgona


Gorgona
Matachin


reported


closed in


the report


for the


year


ended


June 30,


1913





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


ended


June


1913.


During


year


medical


inspection


white schools was continued, fire drills were inaugurated during the


year,


and


schools.


hand


chemical


public-school


extinguishers


athletic


league


were
was


installed
formed i


white


schools, and an annual meet of the league was held on June 12, 1914,


in the


canal


clubhouses


Balboa


, Corozal,


Empire,


Gatun,


and


Cristobal.


There were 198 participants.


Police


and


vision.-The division


police


and


prisons and


the division


under the
assistant


of fire


designation


chief


protection


were consolidated


"police and


police,


chief,


division."


and


on April


The


assistant


1914,


positions of


chief


were


abolished and


the position


of fire inspector created.


The station at


Gorgona


and


substation


Matachin


were


closed


on July


1913


and


these


towns


were


designated


as call


stations


with


police


protection


furnished


from


Bas Obispo station.


August


1913


, the call station at Matachin was abolished, and on December 15,


1913, the station at Bas Obispo was abolished.


call


station


Cucaracha


was


abolished.


On July 18
September


1913, the


1913,


the station at Miraflores was abolished


on December 15


the station at Las Cascadas


,1913, the necessary police protection being furnished


from the Empire station.


The Mount Hope station was abolished on


April 1
station
during
females


There
4,713


1914


Porto


station


Bello


year totaled


, as compared with


were
were


5,021


charges


on May


4,911


6,827
made


misdemeanors


Paraiso


on the


1914.


which


The


4,455


same


date,


number


were


males


and


arrests


and


arrests for the previous fiscal


against


and


persons


arrested,


felonies.


year.


which


total


number


persons


arrested


3,927


were


convicted.


There


were


convicts confined in
with 133 on June 30


the penitentiary


1913.


on June 30, 1914, as compared


All of the convicts,


with the exception of


a sufficient detail


to do the necessary work at the penitentiary,


were


employed


Road


continuously


The


value of th


on the
e labor


construction
performed,


Gamboa-Empire


on the


basis of


10 cents


an hour for each


convict


, was $21,615.45, and


the cost of their sub-


sistence


, guarding, and clothing amounted to $26,893.04.


The opera-


tion and supervision of the public markets of the Canal Zone and the


fld nicatPrhAm11ps


fly rnfl


+1 irnnA


oenra


nlim na


Ad t* io


... . .....


UtJK~~ft � Xl U�


vitceffe e





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


was closed


sired 1
them.
Porto
tively.


on April


military


30, 1914, and


authorities at


the apparatu


that


point


and


were


equipment de-
transferred to


The fire equipment was withdrawn from the Bas Obispo and


Bello


stations on


new


August


1913


stations were constructed


and


May


during the


, 1914,


respec-


year, nor


was


any


new


apparatus


purchased.


The


pump


and


turret


nozzle,


which were removed from the tug Bolivar during the preceding year,


were


installed


on Clapet


in August,


1913


provide


water


front and harbor fire protection at Balboa.


Fire protection


was


pro-


vided for the new


laying


a 6-inch


piers,


Nos.


water main


8 and


on the


9, at
piers,


Cristobal,


with


which


an ample


required


supply


mains and standpipes.


During the year


215 alarms were responded


to, 8 of which


property


were


of The


false


Panama


of the 207


Canal


actual


in Panama


98 occurred


Railroad


in the


property,


27 in private
Canal Zone.
of Colon, 1 i


property,
Of the fire


the city


and 68 in grass, rubbish, dumps, etc., on


s in


private property


of Panama


11 occurred in the city


at old Porto


Bello, in


public of Panama, and 14 in


the Canal Zone.


The largest fire in the


Canal Zone occurred


untreated


on January 3,


piling stored about


1914, min a


t


three-quarters of


pile of
a mile


creosoted
south ol


and


Ethe


shops at Balboa


where it was impossible to drive the


fire apparatus.


The


automobile


engine


was


loaded


on a railroad


and


hauled


to the scene.


The


total loss to


The Panama


Canal


resulting


from fire was $14,551.71.


Courts.-The


Supreme


Court


of the


Canal


Zone


held


sessions


and


disposed


29 cases-3 criminal,


civil


and


habeas corpus


case-and ceased to exist on June


30, 1914.


The Circuit Court of the


Third Judicial


its last criminal session on March


26, 1914.


Circuit at Cristobal held
At Ancon the last regu-


lar session of the Circuit Court of the First Judicial Circuit was held


on March


1914;


and


Empire


last


regular


session


Circuit Court of the Second Judicial


Circuit was held on March 31


1914.
mally


While
ordered


further


over to


business relating


new


district court


these


courts


on April


was


, they


con-


tinued to act on civil cases until May


1, pending the confirmation of


the appointment of tri
duirina the neriod Junlv


new


1913


district


. to May 1


judge.


circuit


courts


. 1914. there were 395 crimi-


-. k





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


the court.
amounted


The circuit courts held


$6,327.57.


The


district


sessions,


courts


and


were


collections


discontinued


April


1914.


During


period


July


there were 4,183 cases settled, 3,656 of which


rest civil.


There were pending on July 1, 1913.


1913


April


, 1914,


were criminal, and the
,35 civil and 3 criminal


cases, and there was pending on April 1,
1 civil case.


1914, when the court


closed


April


, 1914,


courts


Canal


Zone


ceased


pursuant to the provisions of the Executive order of March 12,


issued un
24, 1912,


der authority of the Panama Canal act
with the exception of the supreme court,


approved


which


exist,
1914,


August


went out of


existence on June 30, 1914.


The judiciary created by the act of Con-


gress above cited


courts.


The


dist


consists of
ict court


one district court


consist


two


and


division


two magistrates'
s, known as the


Balboa division and the Cristobal division.


The former includes all


that part of the Canal Zone which lies within the lines of the 10-mile
zone and extends from the south bank of the Chagres River and the


shore line of Gatun Lake, 87


feet above mean sea level


to the Pacific


Ocean.


The latter


includes all


of the


territory


within


lines


the 10-mile zone extending from the Balboa division to the Atlantic


Ocean and


area


Gatun Lake


beyond


lines of the


10-mile


zone up to the contour line of 100 feet above mean sea level and the


islands and


been


taken


peninsulas in and bordering on


by the


United


States


Gatun Lake


purposes of T


which have
he Panama


Canal.


There is a magistrate'


tobal and Balboa


court for each


of the towns of Cris-


, the jurisdiction of each covering that division,


into


which


the Canal Zone is divided as described for the district court,


in which the town is located.
The district court has original


jurisdiction


of all felony


cases, all


causes in


equity


and admiralty, all


cases at law involving principal


sums


exceeding


magistrates'


$300


courts.


and
The


all appeals
jurisdiction


from


judgments


in admiralty


rendered


district


court is the same as that exercised by the United States district courts


and the procedure and practice are also the same.


of Appeals of the Fifth Circuit of the


The Circuit Court


United States has jurisdiction


review, revise, modify, reverse, or affirm the final


*1 At ii 1 � i L . t ill- _ <-.1-.t A--1 I'-7^r_^ .,-,


judgments and


nfl a ; t~ ,.~ ~ -1


A m





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


and all violations of police regulations and ordinances and all actions
involving possession or title to personal property or the forcible entry


and


detainer of real


investigations


estate.


in charges of


The magistrates


felony,


and


also


commit


hold
or bail


preliminary
in bailable


cases to the district court.


district


court


under


new


judicial


system,


during


months of May
probate, and 77


and


June,


criminal.


1914, 206 cases were settled-9 civil


In the magistrates'


courts a total


of 1


cases were settled


, leaving 18 cases pending on July


1914.


Negotiations carried


on with the officials of the Republic of Pan-


ama included


following subjects


The enforcement of the quar-


antine regulations


the establishment of rates for the transportation


of passengers


automobile


between


point


in the


Canal


Zone and


points in


tary


the cities of Panama and


rules and regulations


Colon


the enforcement of sani-


use of revenue stamps on


bills sub-


mitted


Isthmian


Canal


Commission


and


Panama


Rail


road


Co. against the Government of Panama


street'cleaning and garbage removal in


interments
*


made


in the


who resided in the Republic


Canal


the city


Zone


the new


contract


of Panama


remains


charge
persons


water supply for the village of Taboga


certification


Panaman


consuls of manifests of ships clearing for


ports <(
islands


Canal


and


Gatun Lake


Zone


peninsulas
the sale in


jurisdiction


in the


Republic


the Republic of


United


formed


dynamite stolen


States


over


waters


from


The


Panama Canal


the collection of burial fees for interment


Zone cemeteries of indigent


from the Republic


in Canal


the assessment of a


commercial tax by the Republic on steamers of the Panama Railroad


Steamship Co.


Panama


improvements in the Chorrillo district of the city


misuse of transportation issued to employees of the Repub-


modification


existing


arrangement


purchase


postage stamps used in the Canal Zone; the sale of the old Adminis-


tration Building in the city of Panama


water supply for the section


of Panama


known as "El Hatillo"


cooperation


of Panama


health


officers with those of the Zone in an effort to prevent the introduction


plague


into


Panama


from


infected


ports


on the


west


coast


South America


enforcement of the exclusion law in the Canal Zone;


Canal


Zone


post


offices


United


States


postage-due





THE


tion in


PANAMA


CANAL.


the Republic of military trails at the expense of the


United


States; the segregation of stables in the city of Panama


within cer-


defined


areas


desirability


having


Panaman


Gov-


eminent cancel the licenses for five saloons near the Zone boundary


line in


Folks


River district;


the granting of


commissary privi-


leges to certain persons not connected with The Panama Canal or the


Panama


Panama


Railroad


Co.;


charged


with


deportation
fraudulently


an American in


representing


himself


the city


as an


attorney


tion


licensed


criminal


practice in


characters


the Canal Zone courts


from


Canal


Zone;


the deporta-
violation of


quarantine


regulations;


securing


statistics


concerning


health conditions in the interior towns of the Republic; the promul


gation


Panama


a resolution


with


reference


manifests


vessels arriving at ports of the Canal Zone with cargo for consignees


in the
stamps
stamps


Republic


Panama;


Republic


being


used


Canal


substitution


surcharged


Zone


properly


United


post offices;


States


installation


surcharged
postage-due


and


cost


of municipal improvements in the area in the city


of Colon set 'aside


for the erection of manufacturing plants; protection of the revenues


Panama


in connection


with


parcel-post


entries


into


Canal


Zone


and


admission


Ancon


Hospital,


as pay


patients,


Americans residing in


Republic of Panama


who,


on account of


the character of their employment, are not entitled to hospital privi-


leges.


The relations with the Republic of Panama and


with foreign


representatives continued satisfactory.


Time keeping.-During the fiscal


year the time-keeping work was


gradually
partments


centralized,


and


until


divisions,


at its


with


close


time


exception


keeping of
the Panama


Rail-


road Co.


, was being done by the time-keepin


bureau.


This work in-


eluded the entering of time on the time rolls, the preparation of pay


rolls and pay receipts, the issuing of


coupon books, and the keeping


of proper statistics and records of the work performed.


Clubs and


exist from July


tion,
were


it became
conducted


playgrounds.-The division


1913


hie bureau
under the


March 31, 1914,


>f clubs and
supervision


pla


clubhouses continued to
when, in the reorganiza-
ygrounds. Its activities


secretaries


furnished


tNt a


A S .5


F-.


n


.4 . -


, ,, k a.A s . *ir 1� . --- ..� t. a_ __S ___- a *__ *.-_- -- m* n- - � 1 ........--. I--_ n *


tainm


"Yr'


' m" q





REPORT


OF THE


GOVERNOR.


Canal Record.-The Canal Record was continued
tion of the secretary of the commission, Mr. Joseph


under the direc-
Bucklin Bishop,


until


April


, 1914,


when


was


designated special


secretary


and


continued in charge until July


, when he resigned from the service.


The Canal Record


was on


this date transferred


to the charge of the


executive secretary.
For further particulars attention is invited


Appendix


I-1.


Law.-The


Feuille


until


department continued


April


when


in charge


reorganization


Judge


t


in conformity


Frank
with


section 4 of the Panama Canal act of August 24, 1912,


became effec-


tive.


Since April 1,


and under authority of the act of April 6, 1914,


Judge


Feuille


codifying


of the
sition


was continued


laws


United States


of lands


as special


Canal


before


Zone


joint land


in private ownership


which


attorney
and to


for the
defend t


commission in


being taken


purpose of
te interests
the acqui-


over


accordance with


the Executive order of December


1912.


number


Executive


orders


a legislative


character


were


issued during the year


the more important of which were the orders


prohibiting flights over the Isthmus by machines; providing punish-


ment
legal


deported


rates


persons


interest


returning


prohibiting


Canal


gifts


Zone


or gratuities


fixing


agents,


employees,


or servants


providing


punishment


for persons engaged


in the practice of hunting deer or other animals at night by the


lanterns


or torches


to establish


permanent


organization


the Canal Zone; and the order conferring power upon


the Governor


of the


Panama


Canal


Zone


remit


fines


and


forfeitures,


grant


pardons, reprieves, and commutations of sentences,
system of paroling prisoners.


and to establish a


The


joint


land


commission


, appointed


under


The


Panama


Canal


treaty


between


United


State


and


Republic of Panama,


was


in session


during the


fiscal


year from July


1 until about the middle


of September,


when one of the American commissioners resigned,


resignation


being


followed


that of the other


American


commis-


sioner not


long thereafter.


The land


commission


as then


organized


heard and disposed of 1,253 claims.


Of these 602 were dismissed and


awards


made


in 629


cases.


The


commission


disagreed


in 22


cases.


During the same period the law department settled 752 claims, aggre-


~+;~ +h0 ohm S ~&tQ E~~Q


nil-hniif fun ;nfarirnnf;nn ~j! +b~ t-A-a ~





THE


PANAMA


OANAL.


Samuel Lewis,


who served


on the


previous commission, and Messrs.


Levi Monroe


Kagy


and


David


Marks,


two


American members.


The work of the commission


was interrupted soon


thereafter by the


death of Commissioner Marks


July


, which occurred at Ancon Hospital on


1914.


All leases for


lots in


the Culebra and


Empire districts, including


the villages of Empire, New


Empire,


Camacho,


Golden


Green


New


Culebra, Cow


Pen


, and West Culebra,


were canceled on behalf of the


Panama Railroad
for Panama Railr


, effective June 30, 1914.


oad lots in the town


At the same time


of New Gatun


leases


were canceled,


but the cancellation did not become effective until after the close of


the fiscal


year.


For further details


as well as statements of civil and criminal mat-


ters


handled


department


law


courts


attention


invited to Appendix I-3.


WASHINGTON


OFFICE.


The


work


Boggs,


as previously


of the


United


reported


Washington


States


until


office


Army,
April


continued


and


charge


organization


1914.


that


of Maj.


remained


date,


under


the provisions of the Executive order of March


,1914, the office of


assistant
aminer c
bursing


auditor


accounts.


clerk,


and


was created


place


of the


office


assistant


Under the assistant auditor was placed a dis-


disbursing


office


was


abolished.


The


scope


of the work was about the same as previously reported,


except that


practically all of
located at points in


independent


United


inspection


forces


which


States outside of Washington


were
were


abolished


or greatly


reduced.


Due


a continued


effort


reduce


the supply


of material


on the


Isthmus to


a minimum,


work


purchasing


department


was even


greater


than


during


pre-


vious fiscal


year.


During


year


2,248


persons


within


United


States


were


tendered


employment for duty


on the Isthmus in grades above that


of laborer
classes of


; 1,429 accepted and
employment.


were appointed, covering 71


different


The


total


amount


purchase


orders


placed


was


$12,392,407.78.


a ..


- l . .. . - -L -_ --


fl.-


1 . . . ..� J- . . . _ . JL _ A .


J __ ._ __ _ ... _ . __ _ _* .__ *L _ _ .... _ .. .. JL





REPORT OF


THE


GOVERNOR.


$54,392.
explosives


Other principal items purchased included 2,490 pounds of


00,000


feet


lumber,


20,000


crossties


and


18,311


piles.


During the year 592,674 barrels of cement were purchased.


For further details, attention is invited to Appendix J


OPERATION


AND


MAINTENANCE.


already


1914,


outlined,


provided for a


organization


department of


made


operation


effective


and


April


maintenance un-


der the governor,


department


who was to be assisted in the administration of the


an engineer of maintenance and a superintendent of


canal
having
duty,


transportation.


been


Capt.


ordered


Hugh


Rodman


Secretary


United


Navy


States


Navy,


report


was appointed superintendent of canal transportation, and was


charged with the safe conduct of vessels through The Panama Canal,


except


captains,


the
the


locks.


board


was


local


also


given


inspectors,


supervision
pilots, the


of the port
operation of


lights


and


beacons


subsequent


June


and


inspection


and


admeasuring


of vessels.


The offices of the captains of the


ports at


Cristobal


and


Balboa


were


established


on May


and


they


were


charged
berthing


with
of


duty


vessels,


assignment


furnishing


pilot


wharves


service


, docking
shipping,


and
the


admeasurement


general


tions


supervision


relating


vessels


and


shipping.


transit


enforcement


Eight


pilots


through


canal
were


and


canal,
harbor


and


regula-


appointed-four


each end, and their services have been


utilized in


piloting vessels in


and


out of the


terminal


ports,


in connection


with


lightering


cargo


through the canal, in familiarizing themselves with the aids to navi-


gation and


with the canal route.


Due to the condition of affairs in Mexico and


the interruption of


the Tehuantepec route, demands upon the Panama Railroad for the


transshipment


institute


barge


freight
service


became


so great


through


that


canal


was


and


this


necessary


was


made


effective on May


when


the barges were towed


through


the canal


from


Colon


Balboa,


and


continued


rest


year.


Tolls


were paid by the Panama Railroad Co.,
$11,610.69.


and aggregated for the year


kifni-ntononoa


nrflrlr wn~


1 ~ a'-,-.


'2 N |s|su||*-*l.[a 1 gI | 1. IS EELS *5UEk&'l .S*EEU


nnraroA ni a...


S,


h





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


valve machines


, cylindrical


valve


machines, and


in lighting.


Work


was


also


done


in repainting


gates,


caissons


and


caring


machines of the spillways.
the amount above noted f(


There


were also expended $16,570.44 of


)r maintenance


in clearing vegetation and


pulling


trees


driftwood from


rom
the


canal


vicinity


channel


and


removing


timbers


and


of the locks.


For further details concerning the


transportation


division


of the


work, attention is invited


Appendix E.


SANITATION.


The


health


sanitation oa
department,


Canal


under


States Army, as chief health


Zone


was


Lieut.-Col.
officer, and


placed


Charles


in charge
'. Mason,


United


this department is charged


with


the care


vention


of the


disease


sick


in the


and


injured


of the


Canal Zone and


Canal


Zone,


the cities of Panama


pre-
and


Colon, street cleaning and garbage removal
all matters relating to quarantine. Lately,


in the latter cities, and
matters relating to char-


have


been


added


scope.


The


administration


divided


into


three divisions, each having its own


special


work to


perform-


the division of hospitals and charities,
quarantine division.


the sanitary division, and the


Division of


hospitals


and chart


ies.-This division maintains hos-


pitals
Tomas


Ancon


Hospital


and


Colon


in the city


and


assist


Panama.


maintaining


also


maintains


SSanto
institu-


tions for the care of the


insane


and lepers of both


Canal Zone


and


abled
and i
Canal


Republic


through
necessary
Zone is


Panama


injury. Ii
attendants
divided.


and


provides


in each of t
These district


or employees
a dispensary


districts


physicians


permanently


with


into
attend


dis-


a physician


which
i the


the
sick


within their districts, send


patients to the hospital, perform


vaccina-


tions, make inspections of schools, hotels, restaurants, Canal quarters,
etc., and report all births and deaths.


health


office


division.-The


Panama


sanitary
he health


division


office


three


Colon


sections-the


and


Canal


Zone section.


In the Canal Zone section each district has a sanitary


inspector,


with necessary foremen and


laborers, all


under the direct


Sanitary


f]


]




REPORT


THE


GOVERNOR.


disinfect pit and other closets, and disinfect buildings for contagious


diseases.


They


charged


with


enforcement


samnitary


regulations,


they


and


have


authority


violation


personally


of the


make


arrests


They


also


when
issue


burial permits, make interments of the dead


They keep chart


and care for cemeteries.


immediately


investigate


and


take


action


upon


any


increase


therein.


The work done by the health officers of Panama and


Colon is that


done


health


officers


everywhere.


addition,


they


have


charge


of street cleaning,


garbage


removal, grass and


brush


cutting, oiling


pools,


fumigation,


disinfection,


Their


duties


in enforcing


sanitary rules and regulations are extensive and include vaccinations,


control


infectious


and


contagious


disea


special


precau-


tions against quarantinable diseases prevailing in the Tropics, control


of burials, inspection
inspection of market,


of slaughterhouses and


of cattle


for slaughter,


enforcement of pure-food regulations, inspec-


tion


bakeries


and


dairies,


examination


milk,


inspection


stables, bottling works, and barber shops.


A large part of their time


to enforcement of the sanitary


pecially with reference to rat proofing as a


building regulations, es-
protection against plague.


Quarantine division.-The quarantine division is in


direct charge


a chief


quarantine


officer


and


maintains


large


establishments


each end of the canal-one for the cities of Panama and Balboa and


the others for the cities of Colon


and


Cristobal.


also


a quarantine officer at Bocas del Toro, for the control


maintains
quarantine


matters at that port.


This division


, already large,


is expected to in-


crease greatly in


proportions when


the canal


is open


traffic, and


will


include some


new


features in


the arrangement


for the


passage


of ships through the canal in quarantine.


A piece of ground on the


Balboa dump, fronting upon


the canal


and adjoining


Fort Amador


on the south and the radio station on the east, has been assigned as a
permanent site for the Panama quarantine station. A board has been
appointed to select a site for a permanent quarantine station at Cris-
tobal.
For further details, attention is invited to Appendix H.

FORTIFICATIONS.


- a - - a - - -. - - a -


have witnessed a


regulations.


of the prevalence of malaria in their districts, and


is given





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


The work was in charge of Lieut.


Col. George R. Goethals, United


States Army, assisted by


Lieut.


H. Acher,


United States Army;


Lieut.


Garlington,


United


States


Army;


and


Mr.


Elder,


superintendent of construction.
The following appendixes are herewith:


Increases in salaries and


personnel,


submitted in compliance


with law, Ap-


pendix K.
Laws recently enacted affecting the canal, and Executive orders issued during
the fiscal year, Appendix L.
Charts showing the organization in effect July 1, 1914, Appendix M.
Respectfully submitted.


GEO.


. GOETHALS,


Colonel


, Corps of


Engineers, United States Army,
Governor


The Hon.


LINDLEY M. GARRISON,


Secretary of War,


Washington, D. C.













APPENDIX


REPORT


OF THE


ENGINEER


MAINTENANCE.


CULEBRA, CANAL ZONE, July 15, 1914.
Sm: I have the honor to make the following report of the opera-
tions during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1914, for the work under
my general supervision.
At the beginning of the fiscal year this work was organized as the
first division of the office of the chief engineer, and consisted of sub-
divisions charged with (a) design of lock gates and protective de-
vices, including inspection of construction and erection under con-
tract; (b) design of operating machinery and electrical installation,
including inspection and erection; (c) design of emergency dams,
including inspection of construction and of erection under contract;
and (d) design and construction of aids to navigation.
On October 15, 1913, the work remaining to complete the locks,


with the exception of the bs
tic division and fifth division
having the lock gates and en
main work during the year
concerned with the design 4
trical machinery on April I
S* -* - n


On April 1, 1l
of erection and
the division of
division and the
ology and hydr
report to the un
of the fiscal yeai
ized as follows:
The division
and mechanical
of the structures


ck fill


n
ie


14, the first
the division


was trans


to the fir
rgency d'
1


st divi
ams in


and were m
nd erection
and January
division was
of lighthou


rge
of t


ferred from the Atlan-
sion. The subdivisions
charge completed their
d with the subdivision
he operating and elec-


S31, 1914,r
reorganized
ses. These.


esp<
as
to


municipal engineering, the newly create
office engineer, with the sections engaged
ography, and on general surveys, were
designed as engineer of maintenance.
r the work under my general supervision


of erectioi
engineer, i
of the loc


n, under
n charge
ks and sp


testing, operation, and care of lock
+nn/�4iwrnr *rit'lKir T * +b0o /nnnrv n r o^T n nr^^ \


actively.
the division
gether with
d electrical
I on meteor-
ordered to
At the close
was organ-


the supervision of the electrical
of the completion and operation
illways, the installation, erection,
and spillway operating and pro-
nnrnr Ynm^XTT vTn+c? atfi +rn ornc*4-cA a^r n ^ \


'I





THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


LOCK


GATES


AND


PROTECTIVE DEVICES.


This subdivision
Goldmark, design
A. Mason, assistant
The inspection of
States was under
assistant engineer
United States was
engineer. On the
of the chain fend
the lock gates.


The
comply
tract
21, 19
report
The


i was under the in
ing engineer, assisi
Lt engineer, and the
the lock gates and
the immediate cha
. The inspection
under the charge o
Isthmus Mr. E. H.


ers, and


Mr.


Georg


mediate
ted in the


c


necessary
the chain f
rge of Mr.
of the floi
f Mr. Lewi
Baughmai
re F. Guvn


harge of Mr. Henry
office by Mr. Lewis
draftsmen and clerk.
enders in the United
Johannes Hammer,
eating caisson in the
s A. Mason, assistant
n was chief inspector
m of the erection of


continued
under the
., dated
in the an


and
con-
June
nual


ion under the


supplemental contract of May 20, 1913, and the dates on which the
gates were actually completed according to the terms of that contract:


Gates.


Lower guard gates, Gatun..............
Upper guard gates, Gatun.............
All other west side gates, Gatun.......
All other east side gates, Gatun........
Upper guard gates, Pedro Miguel.......
Lower guard gates, Pedro Miguel......
All other east side gates, Pedro Miguel.
All other west side gates, Pedro Miguel.
Upper guard gates, Miraflores..........
Lower guard gates, Miraflores..........
All other west side gates, Miraflores....
All other east side gates, Miraflores.....


Contract
dates of
completion.


June
Oct.
.....do
Jan.
June
June
Oct.
Jan.
June
Sept.
Oct.
Mar.


15,1913
1,1913
.i;i.ii
1,1913
15,1913
1,1913
1,.1914
15,1913
1,1913
1, 1913
1,1914


Dates of
actual
completion.


June 14,1913


construction and erection of the lock gates was
eted during the period covered by this report,
with the McClintic-Marshall Construction C(
10, and the supplemental contracts mentioned
for 1913.
following table gives the dates for complete


tion of the same, except in the new town of Balboa; of the operation
and maintenance of pump stations and water purification plants;
of the inspection of plumbing; of the construction and maintenance
of sanitary ditches; and of the design and construction of the new
waterworks and purification plants for the two ends of the canal;
it also has charge of the municipal work and the collection of moneys
from water rents within the cities of Colon and Panama.
The office engineer.
The section of meteorology and hydrography.
The section of general surveys.


I


J






REPORT OF ENGINEER OF MAINTENANCE.
$


per cent was required in order to complete the work. All <
leaves in the west chamber at Gatun and the east chamber at
Miguel had been stepped on their pintles, and all the leaves
west chamber at Miraflores except the two leaves of the ope
gate in the lower chamber. The guard gates in both chambers
locks were also in place.
The work was pushed with so much energy that all gates nee
for locking a vessel through on one side of the twin locks wern
pleted prior to October 1, 1913.
The gates were first used for locking at Gatun September 26
and at Miraflores and Pedro Miguel October 14, 1913.
The original contract provided for the painting of the ga


the contractor with three coats, two o
furnish material and labor; the third
contractor to furnish the labor and the
In order to provide more complete


modify this arrangement.
At Gatun it was decided 1
two additional coats. In th
which were constantly under
anticorrosive and one coat c
the red lead. On the rest of ti


paint, consisting of
applied.
At Pedro Miguel
gates, the covering
proof paint.


At Miraflo
the bottom,
of anticorros
gates were g
sisting of a I
On account
intended for
were painted
versely a fe
proof paint.
the Commiss
paint require
all the gates
at Gatun we
to the metal
possible.


about equal


essary
e cornm-


, 1913,

tes by


f red lead, the contractor to
of some other pigment, the
Commission the material.
protection, it was decided to


use two coats of red-lead paint and
part of the gates in the lower lock
ater, one coat of United States Navy
antifouling paint were applied over
States at Gatun two coats of graphite
parts of graphite and red lead, were


no red lead was used, except in the upper guard
consisting of three coats of an approved damp-


-


a -


'res the gates in the lower lock, from elevation -6 to
were given two coats of red lead, followed by one coat
ive and one coat of antifouling paint. All the other
iven three coats of an approved proprietary paint con-
hydrocarbon mixture.
t of the delay in the receipt of the damp-proof paints
use at Pedro Miguel, some of the Pedro Miguel gates
I with hydrocarbon paint from Miraflores, and con-
v of the Miraflores gates were coated with the damp-
The third and fourth coats were in all cases applied by
ion forces, the contractor furnishing all the red-lead
d and also the labor for applying the first two coats on
of the canal. A small portion of several of the gates
re coated with bitumastic compounds applied directly
work, which had been cleaned and scraped as far as






THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


The office


work on


lock gates consisted of the preparation of


plans for metal shields to be placed on the top girder for protecting
the electrical and mechanical equipment from injury by water, and
of various minor plans for painter's scaffolds, etc. A complete set
of record plans showing the gates as actually built was also made.
These drawings, 22 in number, are of the standard size. They include
a general drawing of each of the gates, as well as enlarged plans
showing the sheathing, horizontal girders, and all important details,
both in the gates and in the anchorages, and other fixed irons em-
bedded in the masonry.
A report was also prepared giving the methods of calculation em-
ployed in determining the strength of the gates and a complete state-
ment of the stresses in the principal members. These were recalcu-
lated to conform with the actual weights and dimensions of the gates
as built.


CHAIN


FENDERS.


A somewhat detailed description of the chai
in the annual report for 1911 and an account of
termine the best form of resistance valve in the


The additional tests, referred to min tl
quired in order to determine the most
the valves, were carried out in February
the apparatus was quite similar to th
Fender machine No. 812 at Gatun was u,
connected with a wire rope to a lidgerwc
and put under strain by the winding e
mometer was added for measuring the i
the unloader. Indicator cards were t
dynamometer and at the upper cylinder
indicator in the fender pit and the re
connected to the upper cylinder, so that
ing between the cylinder and the valve w
at the dynamometer gave directly the
of the hawse pipe, while a comparison ol
responding pressures in the cylinder ga


resistances. The pull on
lock wall, so that the cha
second series of observati
wall, introducing hawse-i
resistance, including the
constant for all pressures.


TT^. P-Vi11/A i-ri h0 nnnrnvW


Sthe
in did


Lons
pipe
wei
In
imnin


tt
f
g
t


chain wa:
Snot touc
he pull w
riction.
ht of the
he second
lir -nrnnnT


he last
suitable
r, 1914.
at used
sed; the
hod unlo
engine.
)ull in t
taken si
in the i


n fenders was given
the tests made to de-
report for 1912.
annual report, as re-
pressure for setting
The arrangement of
in last year's tests;
chain was, as before,
ader on the lock wall
An hydraulic dyna-
/he wire rope close to
multaneously at the
ender machine. The


distance valve were directly
the loss of head in the pip-
as eliminated. The readings
tension in the chain outside
these readings with the cor-
-e a measure of the frictional
s first exerted at 90� to the
h the hawse pipe, while in a
as at an angle of 25� to the
In the first case, the internal
intermediate cylinder, was
case, the hawse-pipe friction
if.lnnnl f.n f.hft yvlinler nrs.s-


1






REPORT


On June
been deliver
Miguel and


OF ENGINEER


30 the machinery, pumps,
red on the Isthmus for all
Miraflores.


OF MAINTENANCE.


and electric equipment had
fenders at Gatun and Pedro


The erection has been somewhat delayed by
the close of the fiscal year all fenders at Gatu:
complete and the electrical was progressing
Miguel seven fenders were mechanically complex
one fender was mechanically complete. The
progressing as rapidly as the mechanical work
Chain.-The manufacture of the chain for t
ceeded rather slowly.
As noted in the report for 1913, the chain use


for testing the resistance


the final test when the
about 630 pounds per sc
pull on the chain of 178
or about 213,000 pounds,
of the moving cylinder
There were doubtless son
to the test reports, sever
fully a breaking load of
a proof test of 242,000 p
in the chain had occurred
was made at the Boston
tion tested consisted of
360,000 pounds. Analy,
cent, indicating that th


A second set
long manufactu
Boston, and by
showed breaking
470,000 pounds
the same for th
On the basis


of tests
red espei
Messrs. ]
g strength
for the
3 two ma
of these


for the manufacture
been ordered.


valve in machine roor


pressure in
iuare inch.
,600 pound
if a prope
and the i


ne add


itio


al double
over 457,
ounds. E
d in a bad
Navy Ya
45 links.
sis gave as
e material
was made
cially for
Bradlee &
hs of 400
stud-link
kes of cha
and other


nal secondary stresses
ts of this chain had s
000 pounds, and the


xammnat
weld.


slow


deliveries.


were mechanically
ipidly. At Pedro
, and at Miraflores
ectrical work was
would permit.
o fenders has pro-


d in the experiments
n 813 was broken in


. According
tood success-
whole section


ion showed that the break
A test of the broken chain


rd June 9 and 11, 1913. The
It broke under a tensile stores


Carbon content of 0.1
Swas steel and not wr
with sample chains ab
this purpose by the n
Co., of Philadelphia.
,000 pounds for the op
type, the results being
in.
tests, a specification w


remaining


chains, and 1


I


18 of 1
ought i
)out 35
ivy yar
These t
en-link


sec-
s of
per
ron.
feet
d at
;ests
and


practically


as prepared
hains have


LOCK-ENTRANCE


A description of the caissons foi
including the pumping plant for u
given in the annual report for 191
As stated in that report, an ii
778) was issued on May 21, 1913..


CAISSONS.


r closing the entrance to the locks,
inwatering the lock chambers, was
3.
invitation for proposals (Circular
Although a special effort was made


the upper cylinder had reached
This pressure corresponds to a
s, without allowance for friction,
r addition is made for the weight
internal friction of the machine.






'SS TH:

ber and has proceeded at a
caisson will be completed li
General and detail plans
to be used for closing the
These plans have not been


PANAMA


CANAL.


Satisfactory rate. It is believed that the
ttle, if at all, behind the contract date.
were also prepared for a floating caisson
entrance to Dry Dock No. 2 at Balboa.
finally checked and approved.


PONTOON


BRIDGE.


-m . ..


Considerable time was devoted to the preparation of the general
and detailed plans for a movable bridge across the canal at Paraiso.
The work of construction was done by the forces of other divisions,
this office acting in a consulting capacity. The detailed plans of the
mechanism for lifting the apron girders and for turning the pontoon
were made under the direction of the electrical and mechanical en-
gineer.
The adopted design provides for a floating bridge revolving about
i pivot at one end, similar to pontoon bridges successfully used for


many years on me upper �ivnssissippi. rians oT tnese ridages were
furnished by the courtesy of Mr. C. F. Loweth, chief engineer of the
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Co.
The general plan of the bridge is shown on plate 136. It consists
essentially of a timber barge, supporting a continuous framed trestle
for carrying the railroad and highway floor. Steel apron girders
connect the trestle with concrete piers on each bank. The shore ap-
proaches are pile trestles.
The pivot about which the bridge turns is a heavy steel tube
fastened to the east pier, and the pontoon when closed is secured to
the west pier by an automatic latch. In order to give a clear channel
of 300 feet when the bridge is open, the pontoon was made 378 feet
long overall. It is 55 feet wide and 6 feet 3 inches deep at the center
line. The frame spacing is 24 inches, the floor timbers being 4 by
12 inches, the rake timbers 4 by 12 inches, and the deck beams 4 by 10
inches. At intervals of 14 feet there are trussed frames consisting
of three ordinary frames bolted together and braced with steel rods
1 inches in diameter. The trestle sills are carried on these special
frames. Six solid longitudinal bulkheads of 8-inch timber extend
the entire length of the pontoon. The base of rail is about 33 feet
above the bottom of the barge or 30 feet above the water level. Its
height was fixed so as to give a moderate gradient on the approaches.
The trestle bents consist of a 12 by 14 inch sill 40 feet long, six 12 by
12 inch posts and 12 by 14 inch caps, 18 feet long. The outer and
intermediate posts are heavily battered, distributing the weight over
.l &1 1 , 1J1 - _- i- __ ..- -. ....1 - - - - ..... -.. .- - I.-_ -* -


E






REPORT


OF ENGINEER


OF MAINTENANCE.


with upset ends and
in each direction in
horizontal girts and
outer post on each
mately equal amoun
exterior and interior
neum, applied cold.
bars to stiffen the fr
pontoon below the a
The apron girders


tion of about 6 feet in
long, consisting of spar
at both ends. When 1
clear of the concrete p
temporarily supported
bridge is revolved by


turnbuckles.
each truss.


a d
side
t of
r su
It


ouble b
. The
Dougl
rrfaces
was fo


aming and


There are two diagona
The trestle is further


racing of 3 by 10 inch tin
timber used consisted of
as fir and long-leaf yellow
were coated with Avenar
rund necessary to add bra
prevent distortion of the


approach aprons.
at each end provide automatic


the water level of the canal


'e lock-gate
big


the
iers
by
me


each bank, which passes
the deck of the pontoon
lifting the apron girders,
operating the rail lift, the
pier, is operated from a c
It takes 10 minutes to


make a complete
and relocking.


k

f


e
1i
in


brid
by a
bloc]
ans o


around
near
and f
rail la


enti
tur


operation,


parts, and rest
is turned, thes
electrically drive
g on the ends


(-2
a
tI aI
the
or
tch


1-inch ancho
n electrically
west end.
turning the I
es, and the m


(

(


ally


* The3
on hing
girder
en mec
f the 1


r chain
driven
The mec
)ridge, a
ain latch


al panel.
n the bridge and about
including unlocking, oi


nemn


ils per panel
stiffened by
fibers on the
an approxi-
v pine. All
ius carboli-
ces and hog
ends of the

for a varia-
r are 64 feet
;ed supports
s are lifted
hanism and
barge. The
fastened at
wild cat on
Shanism for
nd also for
Sat the west


minutes to
ig, closing,


TRANSFER OF THE WORK.


On April 1 the mai
on April 15 the orgal
pletion of its remain]
and floating caissons,
sion of erection.


force of this subdivision was disbanded, and
ation was entirely terminated, and the cornm-
work, consisting mainly of the chain fenders
as turned over to the newly organized divi-


OPERATING


MACHINERY


AND


ELECTRICAL
ERECTION.


INSTALLATION,


DIVISION


The mech
October 15,
was under
the first di
reorganized
been under
electrical ai


anical and electrical installation
1913, the completion of the 1
the electrical and mechanical
vision until April 1, 1914, w
as the division of erection. T
the immediate supervision of
nd mechanical engineer, assist


m, to which
ocks, except


was added on
the back fill,


engineer's subdivision of
hen this subdivision was
throughoutt the year it has
Mr. Edward Schildhauer.


Led in the


office by


J
Asst.
a


e
n






THE


PANAMA


CANAL.


CONCRETE.


In
were


completing the lou
placed during the


cks


a total


43,358 cubic yards of


concrete


year.


HYDROELECTRIC GENERATING


STATION.


The


building


and


equipment


were


turned


over


permanent


operating force on June


1914.


TRANSMISSION


The erection of track span bridge
line was completed during the year,
near the terminals which required s]


LINE.


s and wiring of the transmission
with the exception of six bridges
special treatment; 794 double and


20 single-track span bridges have been placed. The finished part
of the line is 44.46 miles long and is in duplicate, having 266 miles
of 2/0 stranded copper conductor and 88 miles of copper-clad ground
wire.


LOCK MACHINERY.


The installation and wiring of the lock-operating machinery was
completed during the year except for the chain fender machines and
some electrical work on the valve machines. The entire number of


machines
machines,


have


been


placed


in service,


except


chain


fender


as follows:


136 rising-stem
120 cylindrical
12 auxiliary ct
18 guard valve


valve
valve


machines.
machines.


ilvert valve machines.
machines.


92 gate-moving machines.
46 miter forcing machines.


80 hand-rail


machines.


Twenty-one


order
the lc


and


wer


the
lock


towing
track


locomotives


work


Miraflores


have


been


for whi


been


finished
ch the


delivered


out of


40 on


d, except for a part
material is ordered 1


yet delivered.


SPILLWAY


MACHINES.


The


spillway-gate


machines


have


The gates of Gatun, 14 in number,


the electrical


division


been


erected


and


wired.


have been tested and turned over


operation.


The


tests of the eight ma-


a , a 1 1 1 J