ORAL HISTORY PROJECT University of Florida
126 Florida State Museum Gainesville 32611 392-1721
November 7, 1978
Ms. Anna Weaver
Architecture and Fine Arts Library CAMPUS
Dear Ms. Weaver:
Dr. Sam Proctor has asked me to send you a copy of the report which the Reeves Committee on the old, historic campus buildings presented to Vice President Harold P. Hanson before his departure. Dr. Proctor, and the rest of the committee, feel that a copy of the report should be available and that your library would probably be the logical place for it. I hope you will either be able to catalogue it and place it in your collection, or else keep it on reserve.
Thank you for your cooperation. Cordially,
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY/ AFFIRMATIVE ACTION EMPLOYER
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE
May 24, 1977 MEMORANDUM
TO: Dr. Harold P. Hanson
Executive Vice President Presidents Office
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE
FROM: F. Blair Reeves, Chairman \-
Ad Hoc Committee on the Preservation of Significant Buildings and On-Campus Sites
RE: May 24, 1977 Report of the Committee
HISTORICAL PRESERVATION COMMITTEE
F. Blair Reeves, Chairman Dierdre Hardy Susan Tate Samuel Proctor D. Neil Webb Steve Kerber Earl Starnes Carl Feiss Sam Gowan Melanie Barr ASSOCIATES: Ira Winarsky Liaison with Graduate Architecture Committee
Liaison with University Space Committee
101 Building C AFA 101 Building C AFA 101 Building C AFA
113 Grinter Hall 355 Tigert Hall
114 Florida State Museum 211 Flint Hall
208 Flint Hall
217 Library West
382-7 Maguire Village 32603
201 Flint Hall
102 Building A AFA
,01C AFA. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE, 3 2 6 1 . 9 0.- 3 9 2 0 2 0 5 ARCHITECTURE.BUILD.NG CONSTRUCT.ON.INTERIOR DESIGN.LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE.URBAN AND REGIONAL
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY/AFFIRMATIVE ACTION EMPLOYER
In partial compliance with the written request of Dr. Harold P. Hansen (October 6, 1976), Executive Vice President, University of Florida, the Ad Hoc Committee on the Preservation of Significant Buildings and On-Campus Sites surveyed several buildings on the University campus, beginning with those constructed prior to 1920. The committee visited, inspected, and evaluated the historic and
architectural significance of Anderson Hall, Nathan P. Bryan Hall, Flint Hall, Floyd Hall, Newell Hall, Peabody Hall, and the Women's Gymnasium^" All of these structures are scheduled for demolition in the near future. In addition to these on-site inspections, the committee interviewed members of the faculty, administration, and Board of Regents staff in developing its recommendations.
The committee is unanimous in its opinion that these buildings Anderson Hall, Bryan Hall, Flint Hall, Floyd Hall, Newell Hall, Peabody Hall, and the Women's Gymnasiumconstitute a group of significant structures which ought to be preserved. It believes the destruction of these buildings would cause an irreparable loss, not only to the University and its alumni but to the people of the state, and needlessly obliterate all physical evidence of the founding and early history of the University of Florida. The committee recommends that these structures be placed in the National Register of Historic Places and that a sensitive feasibility program be initiated to determine a method through which these buildings can be rehabilitated and preserved.
Named for James Nesbitt Anderson, professor of Latin and Greek and dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, and first dean of the Graduate School, Anderson Hall was built in 1913 as a classroom building. The Departments of History, Mathematics, English, and Languages mainly utilized the building, which was first known as Language Hall. It was also used for various administrative purposes, and the Graduate School and the Registrar had offices there. On the first floor, in the northwest corner, was the president's office which was used by President A. A. Murphree, Acting President James Farr, President John J. Tigert, Acting President Harold Hume, and President J. Hillis Miller. After construction of Tigert Hall, this office was used for the College of Arts and Sciences. The first University literary and debating societies met in this building and it housed the Young Men's Christian Association. During World War I the YMCA was moved into a temporary structure and then to the second floor of Florida Union.
The'architect for Anderson Hall was William A. Edwards of Atlanta, the first campus architect. He designed a number of important buildings throughout the southeast, including several which are on the National Register. He was the architect for the Hotel Thomas here in Gainesville, and important structures on the campuses of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, Florida State University, and the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind. The contractor was Holladay and Crouse of Greensboro, North Carolina. Work began in the late summer of 1912, and the building was complete in September 1913. It immediately became a
focal point on the campus. It helps to set the architectural tone to anyone passing the University on West University Avenue. It gives the Florida campus individuality from other Florida colleges, and it is one of the few buildings which projects the University's image and architecture to the surrounding community.
Anderson Hall was designed in the Collegiate Gothic style. It is an unusual example of that style, being only loosely tied to the prototype through its parapet and gables. Collegiate Gothic was a popular design style at the time that Anderson Hall was constructed. It was approved by the Board of Control for the University of Florida's buildings because it was felt that it could be added to in an irregular fashion without destroying the lines of the original design. The style of Anderson Hall itself shows the transition from earlier University of Florida classroom buildings which William Edwards designed, like Newell and Flint Halls, to the later style of Floyd and Peabody. Anderson retains the parapet of the original Gothic style, but it also has finials at the gable points which the other buildings lacked. Thus Anderson Hall is a very rare building.
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Bryan Hall was named for United States Senator Nathan Philemon Bryan, the first chairman of the Board of Control. Bryan, who had been appointed to the Board by his kinsman, Governor Napoleon B. Broward, made the dedicatory address for the University when it began its activities on this campus in September 1906. He was a strong supporter of the University and especially the law school, and it seemed fitting to name the building which housed the College of Law in his honor. The University of Florida has the second oldest law school in Florida. A law college building was designated on the original 1905 campus plan. When Bryan Hall was completed in November 1914, only two other law schools in the South had their own buildings. The law college was established in 1909 with thirty-one students. It first used space in Thomas Hall, and in 1913 in Anderson Hall.
William A. Edwards of Atlanta was the architect for the building. J. L. Crouse of Madison, Florida, formerly of the firm of Holladay and Crouse, received the building contract.
Bryan Hall is also in the Collegiate Gothic style, although it only loosely follows the prototype. It deviates from the other buildings in that it has neither a parapet nor a cornice. Instead there are over-hanging bracketed eaves characteristic of the bungalow style contemporary to the period of construction. Bryan Hall is the most austere of the campus buildings designed by William Edwards, and represents his later style of campus architecture. By contrasting this building with his earlier designs, one can detect the changes and maturing of his style.
Bryan Hall was occupied on November 18, 1914. Since that time hundreds of men and women have matriculated there, including many of Florida's most distinguished attornies, members of the State Supreme Court and the Federal and State judicial system. Most of the political leaders of Florida during the last half century have been graduates of this University and many of these are former law students who studied in Bryan Hall. A list of the people utilizing this building would constitute a Florida Who's Who, and would include Senator Spessard Holland, Governor Reubin Askew, Chief Justice B. K. Roberts, Chief Justice James C. Adkins, Jr., Senator Lawton Chiles, Congressmen Charles E. Bennett, William V. Chappell, Jr., Richard Kelly, Sam M. Gibbons, and Paul C. Rogers, and many others who have distinguished themselves in the diplomatic service, in business, in teaching and journalism, and in the arts.
Bryan Hall not only housed the Law Library, but it was also the first home of the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History when that collection first came to the University as a gift of the Yonge family of Pensacola. All of the legal fraternities were organized in this building, and many distinguished Americans lectured in its classrooms.
In 1906 all of the science classes and laboratories were located in Thomas and Buckman Halls, but it was quickly apparent that a separate building was needed to meet the needs of students and faculty. The Florida legislature appropriated $68,000 for a science building in 1909, and the Board of Control directed William A. Edwards to draw up plans. J. J. Cain was the contractor and construction began in September 1909 on a site that had been designated on the 1905 campus.plan. The building was completed in April 1910, and it was described at the time as one of the finest buildings of its kind in the Southeast. The Departments of Botany, Horticulture, Chemistry, Physics, Zoology, and Bacteriology were located in Science Hall, as it was then known. In 1910 the University Museum was moved to the second floor of Flint from Thomas Hall. Renamed the Florida State Museum in 1914, it remained in Flint Hall until the Museum was moved to the Seagle Building during the 1930s.
Many distinguished scientists taught and carried on their experiments in Flint Hall, and the results of their research have had a major impact on the economic and scientific development of the state and nation. One of these scientists was Dr. Edward R. Flint, and Science Hall was renamed in his honor. .Dr. Flint was professor of chemistry, chemist for the Experiment Station, State Chemist, and resident physician for the University. In 1919 the University of Florida conferred an honorary degree on Dr. Flint.
Flint Hall is one of the University of Florida's pre 1920s Collegiate Gothic buildings designed by William Edwards of Atlanta. With its
emphasis on facade design, symmetry, and Gothic detail, Flint Hall exemplifies the architectural taste of its day. The floor plan of Flint Hall is direct and utilitarian, with ample provision for ventilation, circulation, and teaching facilities. Flint Hall occupies a focal point at the northwest corner of the quadrangle surrounding the Plaza of the Americas, and is vital to the symmetry of that important site.
Agriculture has always played a major role in the teaching and research acitivities of the University of Florida. When classes first began on this campus, the agricultural activities were scattered throughout the first few buildings. A separate facility was needed, and the Board of Control, in September 1911, called on William Edwards to submit plans and specifications for such a facility. It would be located at the northwest corner of the Plaza as designated on the 1905 campus plan. Holladay and Crouse won the construction contract and work on the Agriculture Building, as it was first called, began early in 1912. The building was completed by September of that year, in time for classes. The building was later named Floyd Hall in honor of Major Wilbur F. Floyd, who had been a teacher at the East Florida Seminary, one of the parent institutions that became part of the University of Florida under the mandate of the Buckman Act. He was professor of physics and biology at the University of Florida beginning in 1906, and later was professor of horticulture and dean of the College of Agriculture.
The Departments of Agronomy and Animal Husbandry, and some of the Agricultural Extension operations were in this building. There was a general assembly hall on the second floor which was used for many univer-sity activities. All the agricultural student clubs used the facilities. One of these attending classes in this building and using its facilities was Dan McCarty, later governor of Florida.
Floyd Hall was another of the buildings in the Collegiate Gothic style. The use of capped buttresses, terra cotta trim, casement windows
segmented arch, and floral relief in the entrance gable delineate the sense of egress and comprise the most ornate portion of the building. A distinguishing element is the decorative entrance which includes the name of the College of Agriculture for which the building was designed. The architect also included a terra cotta plaque bearing this title mounted above the second floor encasement window. Floyd Hall is a singular feature of the historic quadrangle in the center of the campus. It balances the southeast portion of the Plaza occupied by Peabody Hall.
above: South Facade
Newell Hall, Stadium Road
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The Agricultural Experiment Station was established first on the Florida Agricultural College campus in Lake City, and was moved to the University of Florida in Gainesville in 1906. The Station has always been very important to the agricultural interests of the State of Florida and it has worked closely with the College of Agriculture. The Experiment Station has been responsible for much Federal support coming to the University and it has attracted a number of distinguished scientists whose offices and laboratories were in the Experiment Station Building constructed in 1909-1910. Work began in September 1909, using the plans drawn by William G. Edward s.
The architect provided for a Collegiate Gothic style building to fit into the accepted architectural pattern of the campus. The main entrance is treated with a transom, covered by a wooden arched hood with the cast iron lettering "Newell Hall." The building represents the austere phase of Edward's Collegiate Gothic style, and receives its emphasis from its terra cotta crinolated parapet.
J. J. Cain of Atlanta was the contractor. The legislature had authorized construction in 1907, but did not appropriate the necessary funds until two years later. Some of the construction money came from the Federal government .
In 1943-1944 extensive renovations were made to the building and the name was changed to Newell Hall, honoring Dr. Wilman Newell, provost of agriculture. The architect for the renovations was Rudolph Weaver, dean of the College of Architecture and Allied Arts, University of Florida.
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George Peabody was elemental to the development of teacher training in the United States, particularly the South, and one of the great philanthropists of the nineteenth century. He made significant gifts to many libraries, colleges, and universities, including Harvard and Yale. After the Civil War he established the Peabody Education Fund to promote public education in the South, and Peabody money helped support black and white public schools in Florida. Early in the twentieth century the trustees of the Fund turned their emphasis to the growing need for teachers, and agreed to support eleven universities establishing departments or schools of education. One of these was the University of Florida, which received a grant of $40,000. Our present College of Education is in part a result of this philanthropy.
The University of Florida has always been interested in teacher training programs. One of the first degrees offered at the University of Florida under the Normal Department was the Bachelor of Arts in Pedagogy. Its first summer school was designed to provide refresher courses and continuing education for Florida teachers. In 1911 the Normal Department became the Department of Education, then a part of the College of Arts and Sciences. In 1912 the Board of Control created a separate Teacher's College and Normal School. Classes were scattered in all of the six buildings then on the campus.
President A. A. Murphree and P. K. Yonge, chairman of the Board of Control, after negotiations with the Peabody Education Board agent, secured the grant of $40,000. The state then pledged itself to provide approximately
$10,000 annually for the upkeep of the College. After several delays, plans were drawn by William A. Edwards and construction began in September 1912. Holladay and Crouse received the contract to build two structures: George Peabody Hall for $36,183 and Anderson Hall for $35,393. The exterior of Peabody was completed by April 1913, and although the interior was not totally ready, classes began meeting in the fall of 1913.
Peabody was the home of the Teacher's College for many years. It contained a total of 27,600 square feet of space, and the presses of the student newspaper, since the Alligator, which was then printed on campus, was in the building. In addition there was the Psychological Department, a stock room for government documents, a manual training room, home economics room, physics, botanical and zoological laboratories, and the University Library. The library remained in Peabody Hall until 1925.
The second floor of Peabody contained lecture rooms and an amphitheater assembly hall. This latter was used for many purposes, including theatrical productions, faculty and student meetings, lectures, chapel services, and public addresses by a number of celebrated persons visiting the campus.
In later years the College of Architecture, and the Departments of History, Political Science, Economics, and Sociology used Peabody for classes and faculty offices. Some of the most colorful personalities on the university faculty taught in this building in past years, including James Miller Leake, Lucius Bristol, Manning J. Dauer, William G. Carleton, and James Norman. Peabody Hall has still another important distinction; it is the only building on this campus built entirely from private funds.
Peabody Hall was the first break with William Edward's earlier Gothic style of architecture. Parapets and gable roof were replaced by classic cornice and mansard roof. It is also the first building in which he used a
a large amount of freestanding finials and projecting entrance porches. Peabody is located at the southeast corner of the quadrangle of the Plaza of the Americas.
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Women's Gymnasium Main Entrance
East- West Road
X north facade with segmented Tudor arch windows
The first indoor athletic facilities on campus were in Thomas Hall. When the offices and classes that had been located in that structure were moved into the new buildings that went up after 1909, Thomas Hall became a dormitory. The gymnasium remained part of that facility. With the continuing growth of the University, particularly after World War I, expanded facilities were needed. William A. Edwards drew up plans for a building that would be used as a gymnasium and temporarily as an assembly hall until a planned auditorium could be built. The site selected was in accordance with the 1905 campus plan.
Although the second-floor auditorium was never large enough to meet the needs of the student body, many famous persons lectured in that building. One of the best known was William Jennings Bryan. Even after the construction of the University Auditorium which stands at the south end of the Plaza of the Americas, the gymnasium building was used as a movie theatre. The building was not large enough for basketball activities, and a separate buildinga wooden structurewas constructed during the 1930s.
When the University became coeducational, the gymnasium was converted to the use of its women students. Large and spacious gymnasium and dressing rooms offer excellent opportunity for exercise and potential for rehabilita-tive design. With its brick and stone material and Gothic details, the Women's Gymnasium exemplifies the Collegiate Gothic style. High segmented arched windows extend along the north and south facade of the building. The significant exterior feature of the structure is the east facadethe entrance, within a segmented arch, and between two tall buttresses, rising to the top
of a Gothic arch terminating in finials. The interior with its large two-storied uncluttered space is very valuable for several campus purposes.
The Ad Hoc Committee on the Preservation of Significant Buildings and
On Campus Site unanimously recommends:
1) The preservation of the seven buildings included in this report. Every effort should be pursued to insure the preservation of significant structure and sites on the University of Florida campus and to insure that no uninformed or wasteful destruction of significant structures and sites will not occur in the future.
2) All structures and sites on the campus should be inventoried and evaluated according to criteria established by local, state, and national authorities specializing in preservation.
3) From this inventory the committee should then identify and nominate buildings and sites which qualify for inclusion in the State Inventory and The National Register of Historic Places.
4) All buildings and sites nominations to the State Inventory and to the National Register should be carefully considered for documentation, salvage, corrective maintenance, adaptive use, and/or restoration. Each building and site must be evaluated on its special merit and location.
5) The committee, with assistance from other advising committees or the Planning Office, should be authorized to prepare a program through which students, faculty, administration, and visitors are made av/are of the existence of significant structures and sites on this campus.
6) Paralleling this work, this committee, in cooperation with other university advisory committees and the university administration, and with the help of professional authorities where appropriate, should create and recommend a new planning and review process for
Deirdre Hardy Steve Kerber
D. Neil Webb
the University of Florida. It would consider preservation needs at all levels, and would interact where appropriate with state,and federal agencies.
Attached to this report are the following addenda:
1) Statements of significance for each of seven buildings constructed prior to 1920 on the University of Florida.
2) Memorandum of October 6 re-establishing this Ad Hoc Committee and its charge.
3) Statement of this committee's goals and processes, unanimously adopted by the committee, February 1, 1977.
4) Interim Report, February 10, 1977.
5) State Inventory Form for each of the following seven buildings: a-g in the same order as appearing in the note books.
This report, with its addenda is herewith handed to Vice President Harold Hansen at the May 24, 1977, meeting with full endorsement of the committee as undersigned.
F. Blair Reeves, Chairman Samuel Proctor
Carl Feiss Earl Starnes
Samuel Gowan Susan Tate
UNlVlTXiSlTY ov Flouioa Gainksvit.i.i!. Floiuda 32011
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October 6, 1976
TO: F. Blair Reeves, Sam Proctor, Neil Webb, Susan Tate,
and Earl Stearnes
FROM: Harold P. Hanson, Executive Vice President
SUBJECT: Re-establishment of the Ad Hoc Committee on the
Preservation of significant buildings and on-campus s i tes.
1 ask that you serve.on Subject ad hoc committee with the following charge:
Work with and advise the University Office of Planning and Analysis with respect to the development of a feasibility plan for the use, preservation, rehabilitation or replacement of historically significant University buildings and sites. This committee will give special consideration to cultural and economic values and energy conservation involved in the preservation or rehabilitation of such buildings and sites.
Additionally, I ask that Professor Reeves convene the committee for the purpose of selecting a chairman. The committee will select three students, one each from architecture, planning, and history, to serve on the committee.
A note from each of .you indicating your willingness to accept this ad hoc committee assignment will be appreciated.
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY ArriHMATIVt ACTION EMPLOYER
February 10, 1977
TO: Dr. Harold P. Hanson
Executive Vice President Presidents Office
FROM: F. Blair Reeves, Chairman
Ad hoc Committee on the Preservation of Significant Buildings and On-Campus Sites
RE: Interim Report
This committee, in an effort to meet its charge, is attempting to define the problems and processes of preservation as they specifically relate to this campus. Neil Webb, as a member of the committee, first defined University processes of building design and demolition. Forrest Kelly then reported the Board of Regents' position. We are now meeting with the chairman of Campus Planning and Land Use, Parking and Transportation and the Space Utilization committees to better understand University processes.
At its January 6 meeting, the committee began its consideration of those buildings scheduled for removal in 1977. After visits to each building and considerable deliberation, the committee recommends the following:
High Priority to Save: Anderson Hall Floyd Hall
Norman Shops Grove and annex Chapman Rifle Storage Building "D" Reed Laboratory Wildlife Laboratory
Wood Products Laboratory for salvage of interior paneling, Building "R" for feasibility of moving to new location for adaptive use.
At its February 1 meeting the committee adopted a statement to further define its goal and processes, a copy attached for your information and remarks.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE
C O L L E G E
January 26, 1977
I am enclosing a draft copy of the Committee Goals and Process outline for the review of the U of F ad hoc Preservation Committee, prepared by Sam Gowan, Earl Starnes and edited by the Chairman. Please be prepared to review this draft at our February 1 meeting, 3:00 PM, Room 210-C, AFA Complex.
FBR:ti i Enclosure
I 01 C AFA, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE, 32fill. 90 .1 392-0205 ARCHITECT UREBUILDING C ON S T R UC T I O N I N T E H I O R D E S I G N L AN D S C A P E ARCHITECTURE*UR3AN ANU REGIONAL
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNlT A r F 11. M/.Tl.t AC TIT' fvP^OTEfl
January 19, 1977
THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA ad hoc PRESERVATION COMMITTEE Committee Goal and Process Sub-Committee
The University of Florida ad hoc Preservation Committee was formed in
order to develop recommendations leading to the preservation of significant
structures and sites on the University of Florida campus. Given this charge,
we recommend that the committee adopt the following resolution:
Because the preservation of significant structures and sites has been accepted by our culture as an important obligation for those existing in both the private and public sector, and
Because both the Federal and the State of Florida governments encourage the preservation of significant structures and sites, and
Because the preservation of significant structures and sites develops a greater awareness and appreciation of the culture's history, values, aesthetics, and is, therefore, a valuable educational process, and
Because the preservation of significant structures and sites recognizes the need to utilize and conserve the already expended energy of the culture, and
Because the present methods of evaluation of existing structures usually reflects only the monetary value of structure.
BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that the University of Florida ad hoc Preservation Committee create recommendations whicn when implemented will ensure the preservation of significant structures and sites on the University of Florida campus and ensure that no uninformed or wasteful destruction of significant structures and sites will occur in the future.
In order to fulfill the committee's goal, the following process should be adopted.
Preservation Committee Goals and Process Page 2
1. The committee will discover the existing planning and review process presently in use at the University of Florida and the relationship of this process to the state government. The process will be delineated, and the Preservation Committee will determine those committees responsible for specific recommendations affecting specific campus developments.
2. The committee will develop objective criteria for designating significant structures and sites.
3. All structures and sites on the campus will be inventories and evaluated according to the established criteria.1
4. A list, with supporting documentation and a clear statement of the decision process, and a location map should be presented to Vice President Hanson and other appropriate University and state governmental officials, published and circulated.
5. Given this Register of Significant Structures and Sites on the University of Florida Campus, the committee will recommend those sites which qualify for "inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places and/or the State Inventory.
6. The committee will develop a program through which students, faculty, the administration, and visitors are made aware of the existence of significant structures and sites on the campus.
7. Following this work, the committee, in cooperation with other appropriate campus committees and the administration, should create and recommend a new planning and review process for the University
of Florida, integrating preservation considerations on all levels, including relationships with the state government.2
8. The committee will assemble and publish a Final Report.
It may be necessary to employ outside consultants to judge committee recommendations. 2
It can be presupposed that a permanent Advisory Board must be established.