• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Foreword
 Sorrel production
 Economics of sorrel production
 Uses
 Back Cover






Group Title: Extension bulletin
Title: Sorrel production & marketing in the U.S. Virgin Islands
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00096209/00001
 Material Information
Title: Sorrel production & marketing in the U.S. Virgin Islands
Series Title: Extension bulletin - College of the Virgin Islands ; 5
Alternate Title: Sorrel production and marketing in the U.S. Virgin Islands
Physical Description: 14 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: George, Clinton
Morris, George
Publisher: Cooperative Extension Service, College of the Virgin Islands
Place of Publication: Kingshill, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands
Publication Date: 1984
Copyright Date: 1984
 Subjects
Subject: Roselle   ( lcsh )
Cookery (Roselle)   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
Bibliography: Bibliography: p. 13.
Statement of Responsibility: by Clinton George, George Morris.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00096209
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of the Virgin Islands
Holding Location: University of the Virgin Islands
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 15041762

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Foreword
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Sorrel production
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Economics of sorrel production
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Uses
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Back Cover
        Page 15
Full Text

Exension Bu loe n No 5
October 1984

SORREL
PRODUCTION
& MARKETING
in the U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS


COLLEGE OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
Coopraive Extion Sece D S Paw. Dretor- SI Crox, U S V,, Islands













SORREL
PRODUCTION
& MARKETING
in the U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS
by
Clinton George Exension Horticulhuri.t
George Morris Extension Economist



EXTENSION BULLETIN NO.




COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE
POBuL. toiadil. SLe. wI.IrrilWiSN Onot













CONTENTS



FOREWORD .......................... ............... Pae I

SORREL PRODUCTION ................................... 3
Introducing ...... .............. ........... ....... .. .... 3
Dci npion.................... .................. ......... 3
Culivnr ................ ................................... 3
Soils and Clima ......... ........ .. ..............4
Land Prepar ion ad Planlg .... ............................ 4
Fertll g ................... .. ............ ... ........ 4
Plsts and Dia s............... ....... ... ................5
HT sn ..............................................
Yield .. ...... ............. .... ... .. .. ............... .. 6

ECONOMICS OF SORREL PRODUCTION .... ..... 7


Relurns from Sori Prd imn t ..................................
Other Fnctoa Affsting Cot and Rcuni ......................... 7
S.s..si --, .u


ISES "
*. l .


TABLES







FIGURES
1. PaSns ofa he S Mel Plani ....................... .. .. ... ... 2
2 A lUDarl Snerel Plans a CVI Experiment Slation ............. 3
3 Sun.tying Ass Mahnd oa LchydnItion ol Sorel Calyes .......6









FOREWORD


Sorrel. grown mainly for its calyces
(frusitI" issa tropical plant that is cherished
by Virgin Islanders and other Wear ladians,
particularly during the Christmas season.
Drinks and beorages made from the fruit
ofthesorrel plant, in some respect. are part
of the vast array of cultural foods in West
Indian society. It is commonly used in the
Virgin Islands as a liquetr when served
with rums Trhe sorrel fruit is also uesd to
make jam. jelly, and marmalade, The e.-
tract from bright red fruits i sonmctimrns
ued as a natural food crnrmng

As you read this bulletin. The Produ-
'Ion and Marketing ofSorrlm' the Virgin
Islands, you will probably be amazed to
discover the sorrel plants numerous bo.-
logical features which local farmers atrib-
uie to its high rate ofsuocesnfulcultivation
in the Virgin Islands. It practically free
from insect infestaton ii is resistant to
drought and it has a short maturity period
(sow reap cycle.)

These features make the cultivation of
sorrel a worthwhile undertaking for both
ardent farmers and family gardeners.


Cultivation of sorrel has been cientifi-
cally proven to he an economically profit-


facilities. itcould b.ecomcanecnomrically
profitable, processed beverage and food
commodity in both U.S. and international
markets

This bulletin should hbe interesting read-
ing to farmer and faniers of osor.
cuisine. All readers are ncouraged to try
Ihe sorrel recipes listed

The Cooperative Extensio Service is
indeed, happy to have researthed this trop-
ical beverage and food crop of economic
and intrinsic local value. Plant the sorrel.
try using it. and let us know the result!



Sincetely.




Darshan S. Padda. Director

































































F. F 5.. ~ .2 5.2... i...2 ~









THE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING
OF SORREL IN THE VIRGIN ISLANDS

INTRODUCTION
Sorrel (Hibiu abdra i v Sab -
daraffa race Ruabrk also known at roti n or 1 l ... .. h p ,
1 . ..- .- able indicate lhar the plhnlt a caliitirliddi
, . ma ca arry a tT707 anId i tuatmla
...... ..';-', 1840
The genui ilb rn tl Ih lamilh MalIa-
originated i Atna and liua been widely d,- cea. embiucs over 2wr 0 pa ranging S t
tributiedthrotghoulactub-lropicalandtrop- Idrm from i etb. and sbhrubs to a Ilarge
tondiinit Scls uarc reportlcd to have bLn .... r .
( ,at. .d.taid i( rritral ,bthrpitibit plait .

DESCRIPTION




B .. .. w.h t.ddi.h n an l.ng .r ih r . ,* .. d ." p a ,. :, -1
v --. ,i hc -f it". Ih,, pI
are dlcplb (sultrrounrde tl oa 1 i gra n wi hentnmaturl
i . ... bo ,' . .... ... . . . .
a tlhei ticlitra h r endrfilhdaa At igitat broth, and plilt n when miatlr and dy

CULTIVARS
Three culiitr ol -Ir'l an- rIngn r.. it DWAIt I. Wil Ii
fllca ll .al- 'anitull[toia t u cll tit iti


d. ll
O.. . .' ..1,1







ta Ji and other ped t Iar, t.lt








SOILS AND CLIMATE
.n .in)....i...s ..re,. i *... .-Ji e,0..0- a ;.1 .11

dapted iou w deariels ofsoil lypsu.A go strnti is particularly imponantassorrlisa the plant thrive, best under tropical and
Si o, ,. suh .' h ,, It subIropical regions from s level up 1o 915
io ,.o.r- .".r r, ... mc1tc0s2 00011m ith l houl lO- m(40-5O
nsuarlel. influence, during lThi period. ini.) of ail wel lisiibuod ihroughoul itn
M ,-.r ...*. I ,1, ..p. growing setaon. Although the sorrel plant is
fi- bl lt e,' .h ,hai.r n ,'rn1, oli kno.n tno Ie quilts drouightillruni 0c 0-
frBrorblt Ho.r'l.nhlthcatium hlssuch hblisind. iupteleneiul irliBgnlun during
us shun found in certain uto on Si. Croui. iods of idqualse rinfall could signil-
deficiency symptoms of minor elements may iamntly increase yic ,i
ocuristeti on onifeirtiilhzing. Hillside arus,


LAND PREPARATION AND PLANTING


The soil should hase a gond phyiail st ruc-
ture aid utllh hereeore ii myii be nctessiary to
piough and harro befnrc planting. In low
arnos Mhoc soils may be *ubjecind in. .ern
logging. radued hlss.Mpara bydraitnagefur-
tous should bh used. II avadabl, u. ll-rotled
manure incorporaeed into inh soil would be
beuliciil in producing a good conp.
Snrel eeds are unsu lly see directly in iht
ficid around iate May or June to allow fr .1
ltllcicntily longperiudofgrowithand develop-
mont. theer oIouerseds aroueeuInnol noen 4
,.I-n, ri,. p. u r I. ,'

p I .. I ..i ,,
, T, -. c i ,


h sl 1 1 r .


t. . . .. u ..... . i
replaced


an, -. -. .5 ./ '.. .5

Sorrel mnay bcpluanteid ata tterdatel (August
or September) but ulo., I-ui cngt bcluen
plais [0.6-0.9 m 42 i 3 h .lis 1n -.'isr he-
caus plants will noi gro aus large ui hoa -
,. Ra.., ..,, ,Ii .. ,,'n . a.
,j.. ..* -r .-r rPi.I
1, ..1 'r .. ... . .. .. ..


FERTILIZING
hNcal gictminaled plants should not he far- l e e.. .1 I .I i r. '- I
. J, .' .r- ,t ..s11 5 p.I .. n-f J d .r r.. a. -icn., ,-i .1i

sn er .. '''"...i . I ,ln "' : ... .. .....

n... r es...... .s.. pg.rd ss ,.scr .llall,

.: on o ns r .. VT Ire .nin-e dclincinous may o.escome. with .e.....er
. n ai irus...ii i a w -caL.* |ilen . of the appropriate lsact elements (refer to
such as 1010-uIO (IN-P-K)at mnsthly intervals Gardeners Pactshet #16).
to10 reatly incrar pioducuon (sfecr to Table 1)












TABLE I
FrluMCcy amd Amount of Fortiter (I10.1100 AWliUction

ebah AueMmPaelafAeomele.


l11 aehout 3 wks tine ewla)' 14 I
3rd 2&3 I
4. 2S 1
ph Iniet te llt m)i 28.3 1
t Mlem2dr 1iat) 14.1 n



PEST AND DISEASES
Wends can becanntrlell within and brtuecnl pmntin in row or bed where mrigolda ere
ots father by Ircquecn hand cnula.sing or growing previouly (11 dclne ) andln) nhin
.... ; . r ;. r .....r shown to doior rnO l-klnt nemaitde
* a' S *l ,, ,, ., Ril roi. parn yldedc.adlcal-pnmar

the rainy eanon. Ihe root enl d iseae, which
1 ,, .' -c,, i .* .. c, a usi wiling. an complnialy delroy an
I ,, ., ..., cnlire crop. The powudry mldew fungu, pro-

may beup mpCn icnu pihph pclu aphlda ' '
mape. *e a a- i ji pkid The pnanis are soenclipmeee lillecd bye keal
r- , a. . i .1 P. *..* apun fungus. bu a is rarely marcr eenugih

-akplanle. MethadolptrevcninEypmaende mlioun *ne asuapance on perI and diteai-
damale include crop poition. addipionp of p_.velion arnd cunrol. contact C.V 1. Extcn-
.o -,j i,. -. oService. Pest Managcnent Program.


HARVESTING
IS sorrel s a hort-dlay plani wil a a- .r .'. i, ,. ..

Ilowerineguually bcgeinsaroundOclnobelp(ith J i. *..... .1 .ir rcr.


au laten had o i elopland extends th the fruils are lefl t lung on the plan' and the
flowrnnglicoftheplant. e [he enasharvete Iau 'err r1' n"e .f .
an e obtained from late Novembcr o mid Ha. ** J *, . .
Fcbrear Houverf. iadequalewaleraeavail- tIhe frui tsa allowed lumaturu. al whh imnc
able, exltnded dry season harv.cst could be ih plantsamcuadown.slackldforaea day.
m.de. Calyces 'r hare-.ted when full rowB then thrashed ouP.












YIELD
Preliminary msulbs from the C.V.I. Expn I .22


a. i, -..a rn ....... ,, ,,r
,..".. .... .V. ,* .:** (
kgbhs (5.200 IAsacrc( or I3 kg plano 3i


F, S 4.00. *OOOd 010 I, 0,oo.0.*









THE ECONOMICS OF SORREL PRODUCTION

Sorel iprdsletion. tike all farm enterpre, until ofoneacre onechehetara s esta blished
-r.." e. e t -, *.' .j '. r ~s the economic basa by which cost and
.1 ., ... . ... r~esiurnsureneasudl Theenterprischudlcts
i, ii .1 r.,. n, e s r. s are broken dowintnohcmejor slgurt:-
enterpsrse budgl for Isoel prods -ion in the .. I

tilixo' *i 'e prodisclion is rcaliredwhen ,snurfrsmsamlen
requirsemnctsl for local sorrel produliosn A excd lhat of cosl.

GROSS RECEIPTS
A gros rcccip of St16.167,24!h (eI00 ' ....**
as a obltineed by using aerge yields o I .. "-. I .


VARIABLE COST
Ol the ten item listed u~de, vaseii cos III al 5366.49 per heclaru 1|148.32 acre) i
ferilier. nematneide and harvst labor necesery for ihe control of lateodes which
compned he mos osostly lacto in Ihe pro-
ducio...... ofs The,. high cos. it ...... ,i the l .as . i a ,
bsdge eo rensd as1a cat1 oli ollottInsiig. .*5 i.5 .
. -. m hcha~ied system for harvesting the rrt
a ..r. .n.I cop Aosa result. loial farm prnoduaer havet
S26B I per heela (Slet0K -sn),. (b) t1. avoided planting large acreage in corrle
heavy use orl mascside H listed in Tables l&

RETURNS FROM SORREL PRODUCTION
One of the penu-ding facsin thah lend, to elatielly hot period. As illuranied n able
inskc sorrA production -ononmialy attac- II, rlurns from sorl production wre ob-
ive i the .ndrs dureon in which in limentei talked by iablaicting both arable and fixed
tied up in the production press The invest- .oes (loial coa) from grs receipts, thereby
net time in esorrl prpndcio consent a arriving at a ne turn of u1 154t9 pe hc-
ofapprou.me.ly four moehs, Thus. theieil- are ($4.632.64 acl,
salmon opronft e Iheesrrcero-p -e int

OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING COST AND RETURNS
It should be noted that due to the topng- pgoe of sloup will cequite much higher tahnr
raphy of the island nome areas tend to be cost rultingin marked incrascsin otal pro-
sloping, making it rather diffilIn o ae dosn coaSl Any I.crases in psodisonces
farm mahinery during Ih land ppucluon will isme a conesposding decli in net
proenas. I hreinora. and rseal with high de- turns per ac.

MARKETING OF SORREL
Fresh norrel is nornllly sold to wndors in laigen marketing ouletsl I s also inmre isnglo
he public markc roadidi standsandae f nloathat currcneim epordatashowsKeiacnof
small grsc storeaK Appaenily, dm i, low soel from abroad, hence no exeralcop-
lee(lsof producl;i n. les ofla rgvolumchi ave lion exists
noI enerted the najuor upermIrkets or oihee Sorl ai gseseally sold in the fmbh market













TABLE II

E38msad Cost and R.ris PFe A-
For Srial Production


SA. S asi. sumi vrA


8 83 8.8 o


T.rar Wd
F~tiliiwrad"








L~br
intonOp Cap?









Tol F
Hwkw~o

0.dOeads. Perknat







f.Md CnM




To i
*0I CoiI
5.18.1'.,,l


2.00 Ib
3a-DO lb

.00 d1o


2.0o 2,00


3.70 S.<
4.12 14.3
4S.O0W 0


4.4 17.
4. 90


438.00 hi 318 S1U3M,3

08.3B837a
s4,63.J7






1W S.3 0.J
80828


IM
(wlashi
Sojre aca/MW Ih













TABLE III


Per Hc.tre For Sorrl Production


in. n p Cp
SOTB| (wlrd frhl)
Gran Receipts









Namtocde
Trurao (|iail)


antipiori










OH M
Picking nil Paking
Subtold
Toni Vrirlll Cosl

l(m




Tom"CM


NReturn


.80A aa. Cum0flj00 Vi..

7.225.4 ( 2,22 .






111 kg 4.44 4.3
.448157 5 .
60940 5g 044 087i8
2.22 kg 6.00 132
20,0 k3 9.18 3484
.00 ha 111l16 111 1


40 mlh 1.02 44.0






1,092 h 31 3.413.M
W,413@








1.00 h 37.0DB 37.0G
1'00 h ha 1502
q_:.e.,












dtn1t IlaChae~aaau=ouauduut.udd, Foelk. lddu-- Olualh
ton...l ptepueuteot kede ru a, t he Itd-V~o idu tMao f 't~puoelo.tthall
-1 amutke, Lo togmaO ria 1,oooul 1t 1.... 1t.,.u~*

mataftflrts -atteb .t[Ia Ot., co u; teu Ilet!, o lrtgttIIt eteelolat
ae,4 drYiuo Foitn-61 h., ladmaitng spol ot o hajeuaeoihepatdeu
aS, Value i a tedd to mtht e~ITleeltlIo ett1'u

,.-H-altiedct t ppoa,.utl a0 pgo roedalall 1 plod-eloe
0 .44 lita,,l aN. Iheough tlteu We lot it.
TAILFI V
Ltboe.uubn E Our Wueu




W1 AetIetuutI tO fm


it) Althoe-ttOto- 40W





PROCESSING POTENTIAL
Tote peoooasegof .eleoleueoth Arotf- tee -W eueeoleeudutloet~kthlt

"l ,1 1 1 WlD . a ., eattoe-koudeetette I.e Area,


.- fa ---a. .... .. te~tetpootnoeaLlate
-,Io~.de. 111 1 -uot~tlorat~tt -eodto

.1-1o,u o lald. I te.cuteett I ..... a,."-d 1-otuaul o to ...e... koraoett-uhek.

etotto .: IIItta,lI Pto ttetaJ Ibe ,t I all". I. . .

t=trol tuctltatt In m ediI~,ll Ototlo 0Cn- .,I at. c.
ottetteteiflu-d i.-teatl~a I.ortta ,tnl W.ottlttd -a~e














food. Ifed os beverage Nuldtionsisis have



Sirsil alycs bent prepared Iur s a by


remove ii wish th m cupul tattachd. The
calyces are then ready for immedlaie ou or
iny be oraoen or dried for outl-.fasun
supply.
ThruuJhoul Ibe Wesi Insis and tropial


.l,- TIh dik i alla I s o ppe"'ne
with il, win, reIsd lario Tlhe vio io lls but
Apla atly disti h le i
An excelicl rdisth succr. 'Cey lisilas inu


USES








io. lto surxIrars u or loflbivo ds lqscus
T
0ruc.mn oon 4ynhg.l' red 21o5r1a5 rleIC
irmi5 5ow1Ad "solun1n3.l kwds, cou-k crale a
nsi d4mki for ,srrel ad, a clmor Pgnt.I In


other ,ogi's bles Tihy sTe ,Ison sdsiod 1" ur


TABLE V


Pt~no4 Mt- 54 Ciet C-- Vto .I
tnm ou4 n3. n Fs hpi en nt t in ion n A Aflsin Nion. AM


CiU I45 55 1,7 10 12 110 M 3 22 10 ,0 02 I
C Wvo M.0C 44 o 01 11 '1 m n 1B .o m 05. 14
Ias I5 43 3.3 03 213 a 4.8 .17 ,45 15 54





*40539501u -I..u'sF4 .








SOME SORREL RECIPES'




SORREL, DRINK I SORREL JELLY I
Wtl lllty ttl ihj IrM vl(ph. MO. dfm P..irAh ibt io t m lotofai iho
.i. tio It Ott tt in td lot DiWt W0t -h froltom a ori. 0in h jt i ritha
l 1itl I tol oiIt dolt o nd hllt. Fo.10i tht J ll T o Teto l 34 im
iit., o m l. Bi A. Ihd i o bntl .ni 0dd IM W. BoHl
pidly UM.l lIpt to lhe i l POM ra a 0cl
hot j *Hl." -l


SUHMEL DRINK 2

om ..t ttflr ooi.m tO r o
p Pt o4fdri om{ iptod Zo upo Mrwa
Wmaih ri l t.d pt.o iojtr .0h tt ilOr.

Tllow stolap hrn l U bUils tmh *d Homr
p0urr ilt b- Utt. to o re.ulnd withto 0. 0d 0d











Th jty oIl tt t dot ncest.t



000 0 AtOtteoo Il .mt a t l difItt p~oullt.
Ittot ,. ttt Iote, c. to d,,m .. tprOt .,0 ot,..
l/cdwnft OA o0000kmpreaOtage

Spoon oftmaxtn0l. Dtpl t tetrottt ptoramilh


SORREL JE I -I-






d4m Ih w rIki. N Ri. Add -h up W i lt
P id Widll -i fill m laI p.- qo i


opilin j> redlira. Ihc ll lit auld W nim
ItMoo to ttip to t' otltod, If tht t*mp

Ot. totoO th 1 ot ottoto~r 04.00.













SELECTED REFERENCES

angp.i.R 973. Su.,,,d1Pw..clon Ministryf*Ag Nu7. LundAFikri. Trinidad and To



97r. R0cif7. V9rgn Idands Cooptrant2 Exicuion Scmcc. Eensnon Bulktn No I. February 197B
7ru2glov7 JW.. 1974. Tropi0 C)op, 7m.o9k. Vol 2. J.h.A W2ey A Son2 i New York,
TndaIL7H.D 1.3, 9V9e2iables fe kTrop7rs T7A.VIPhlihihl7C.0m7ny.IM.WtWtp2ri 7 onnfcucul-


EXTENSION GARDENING PUBLICATIONS

0277, A I.te.. rfifi2. 9.7.22. 6** 92No. I
S2.2222 I( 2r I J2lr Jilm2. F.722 **a22 72.2I


Vq.7.r2 7027.22.22..270-474..7.7 .. 27 F N. 7






rw~~pt~~dil m~f ~ NomCum aih- o
S2.*2 Vail72224C, AS,792 7G7..7 9 F 2

.7,2 924 25200..02272.7292247,227 922 7 B


0,2.72972222w 0997 Gw ,fOHI M-2..i.2. 79222229 76I






72.72,2, 70.jfa 02,..,Op2. 922-72.222 mr 7Cnlmfem27.H, 927
flU~MV ra.7,Sal. TfS7,2, 1ttmlt A72,'.H-72'292. Fubff 7227*jN07M2 .7. 77




r,2299 C7,,uuw 422 72272, Aw-luci P 22MiiHa KA o

222, V2222,7,4f.. 722,., ,.d..79,,2N .2,22 92
02.472>922B9,2,7 1 t 792742,-21..427 tliupu2iH 777i 22 92.22.,h~ So7*.22 92244. 21-,,..2, 7.0, 7,p, 29







NOTES



















'EHE VIR








1982




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