• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Foreword
 Something about making good...
 Cooling and storing your bread...
 Table of Contents
 Breads with yeast
 Breads with baking powder
 Back Cover






Group Title: Extension bulletin
Title: Breads
CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00096197/00001
 Material Information
Title: Breads
Series Title: Extension bulletin - University of the Virgin Islands ; 7
Physical Description: vi, 24 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Browne, Rosalind
Clarke, Clarice C
University of the Virgin Islands -- Cooperative Extension Service
Donor: unknown ( endowment ) ( endowment )
Publisher: University of the Virgin Islands, Cooperative Extension Service
Place of Publication: Kingshill, St. Croix, USVI
Publication Date: 1991
Copyright Date: 1991
Edition: Rev. ed.
 Subjects
Subject: Cookery (Bread)   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States Virgin Islands
 Notes
General Note: "December 1991."
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by ... Rosalind Browne ... et al. ; edited by Clarice C. Clarke ; cover by Maude Pierre-Charles.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00096197
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of the Virgin Islands
Holding Location: University of the Virgin Islands
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 49936695

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

PDF ( 2 MBs ) ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Foreword
        Page iii
    Something about making good breads
        Page iv
    Cooling and storing your breads
        Page v
    Table of Contents
        Page vi
    Breads with yeast
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Breads with baking powder
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Back Cover
        Page 25
        Page 26
Full Text



TX
74
<. aWc


-LI-a


Ii.,


Extension Bulletin
No. 7
Revised Edition
December 1991


S


r


ri
I 4
'Si
'A
I~
I..r


N




N~ -'-S..


* ~ -


W,.- ,,


[.7-i


A- ""- . ,-i -' .,
.. _"]a '%~~.I. .. -..,- ,-
?, > '. : It...:._
S "':' 4 i: '-'''


4


: 1.:...


,-., i : .
...L :









Breads



Prepared by the Home Economics Staff


Rosalind Browne
Dorothy Gibbs
Miriam Greene

Olivia H, Henry,


Evannie Jeremiah
Blanche Mills
Sharon Williams

Former Program Leader


Edited
by
Clarice C. Clarke
Public Information Specialist


Cover by Maude Pierre-Charles



Revised Edition

Extension Bulletin No. 7
December 1991

MWvk-TsY OF -(FEs VtRsntc LSAa



Published by the University of the Virgin Islands
Cooperative Extension Service
RRO2, Box 10,000 Kingshill, St. Croix USVI 00850









N




ii
F ii
I. I
y~ xi'



I,
I.'.. I Ii *I~



4'
rt;4 r



I'

*1 VQ

C

i *~ .~rt






A
A





/










'9





'k/f







FOREWORD


Bread is an essential food. It is included in the Basic Food Groups as
one of the daily food requirements. Bread provides vitamins and
minerals for growth and good body functions. These statements under-
score the importance of bread to the health and happiness of everyone.
Making fresh bread for one's family is a very satisfying experience,
especially at eating time when the pleasure and enjoyment of eating the
freshly baked bread with good tasting butter is observed. It is a
satisfaction no one can achieve by eating bakery-bought products. The
aroma of bread baking in the kitchen always sets one in the mood for
eating.
The recipes presented to you in this booklet on breads were produced
and tested in the Home Economics Laboratory at the UVI Cooperative
Extension Service.
New research in foods and nutrition has shown that fiber in the diet
is essential for good health. These recipes were developed taking this
important factor into consideration to increase fiber and provide good
nutrition without neglecting quality and taste.
If you don't mind working your hands in dough, and enjoying eating
homemade, good tasting and nutritious breads, try these tested recipes.


Olivia H. Henry
Former Home Economist
and Program Leader








SOMETHING ABOUT MAKING GOOD BREADS


It is easy to make good breads but care must be taken when handling the
ingredients. To achieve satisfactory results in your bread making, follow
these suggestions.

I. Always have clean utensils and working area. Before you start making your bread,
wash and rinse utensils in hot water. If you are using yeast remember it is a living
organism; it can attract and act with undesirable organisms present in uncleaned
utensils. Any unfavorable reaction will destroy the odor and taste of your bread.

2. Use good quality and fresh ingredients. Check yeast and baking powder for
expiration dates. Flour should be fresh smelling and fats should not be rancid.

3. Measure accurately and carefully. To measure flour, sugar, baking powder or
spices, heap the ingredient in a cup or spoon, level-off with straight edge of knife
blade or spatula. If recipe calls for sifted flour, sift the flour before measuring. Do
not press sifted flour in measuring cup, but spoon lightly into a dry cup, then level-
off with spatula or knife blade. Unsifted flour has 1 to 2 table spoons more flour than
sifted flour.

Brown sugar Measure brown sugar by packing it firmly into a dry measuring
cup. When emptied, the sugar should hold the shape of the cup if it was firmly
packed.

To measure milk or other liquids, pour the liquid ingredient into a liquid measuring
cup (glass cup); set the cup down on a flat surface and check for level of measure.
Do not hold cup in hand when checking for the level.

When measuring shortening, pack the ingredient firmly into measuring cup or
spoon. Be sure there is no air space present, then level it off with spatula or knife
blade.

1/2 pound of shortening = 1 cup
2 sticks of butter or margarine = 1 cup
1 stick = 1/2 cup

4. Always follow recipe carefully. Make omissions or substitutions only when it is
absolutely necessary. If your diet calls for limited or total exclusion of salt, this
ingredient can be reduced or omitted without destroying the quality of the finished
product.







COOLING AND STORING YOUR BREADS


1. Remove loaf from pan, or rolls from baking sheet. Set on wire rack to
cool slowly away from draft.

2. When thoroughly cooled, place in plastic bags or plastic wraps. Freeze,
rrigerate or store at room temperature depending on the length of time
for storage. If bread is a moist type, it will be best to store it in the
refrigerator or freezer to avoid molding. This is especially necessary in
hot climates.

Freezing Every type of bread freezes very successfully for several
months when properly wrapped. If breads are to be stored for longer
than 2 to 3 days, it is best to freeze rather than refrigerate. Refriger-
ating breads for long periods of time tends to dry them out. To use
frozen bread, allow loaf or rolls to thaw out slightly, wrap loosely in foil
paper and heat in slow oven; serve as usual.



O.H.H.








Table of Contents

L Forew ord .dE ... .............d............. .... .iii

IL Something About Making Breads ......................................

In. Cooling and Storing Your Bread ..h................-.... .... ...v

IV. Breads with Yeast ................. ............ .............................. 1

Banana Raisin Bread .............................................................. 2
Bread uit Bread ........................... .................... ............... 3
Cheesy Carrot Bread ........ ......................................... 4
Coconut Bread ................................................................................ 5
Corn m eal Bread ........... ...........................................................
Easy to Make Oatmeal Bread +......-l....... ...-............... 7
G uava B read .................... m ....... ................... i.. .-. ......... ..... 8
Lemon Bread ..................................................... 9
M ango Bread .............................. ...... ................. ............... 10
Nutty Banana Bread ......... ............................................. 11
Nutty Sorrel Bread ................................................................... 12
Papaya Bread ........................... .... ................ .................. 13
Peas and Raisin Bread. ........ ........................... .........................14
Pineapple Oatmeal Bread +u..........................................15
Sweet Potato Bread .. .. ............................... ........................ 16
Sweet Potato Prune Bread ................................ ....................... 17
Split Pea B read .................................... .......... ................... ...... 18
V egi-B read ......................................................... ......... ........ 19
Whole Wheat Cheese Bread .................................................. 20
Whole Wheat Cheese Muffins. ......................................... ...... 21

V, Breads with Baking Powder...... ..................aa4................. 22

Spicy Pum pkin Bread .......................... ........................ ......... 23
Tasty Pumpkin Bread .......................................................... 24








Breada
withac
Yeaet










BANANA RAISIN BREAD


1 pkg. dry yeast
1/4 cup warm water
1/4 teaspoon nutmeg and cinnamon
1 teaspoon vanilla essence
1/2 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons granulated sugar
3 tablespoons brown sugar
4 1/2 cups flour (unsifted)
1 egg
1/3 cup margarine
1/2 cup raisins
2 cups mashed bananas (very ripe); combine with 1 teaspoon lime
juice to retard darkening.


Place yeast in 1/4 cup lukewarm water; set aside until yeast rise to the
top. Combine dry ingredients (including spices) and set aside.

In large mixing bowl cream margarine and sugar, Add egg; continue
mixing. Add yeast mashed bananas and essence. Combine raisins with
flour mixture. Gradually add dry ingredients, beating well to form a very
stiff batter.

Place in 2 greased pans 7 3/8 x 3 5/8 x 2 1/4; set to rise for 1 hour or until
doubled.

Bake in slow oven 350F. for 35 to 40 minutes or until done. (Test by
inserting a knife into the bread; if knife comes out dean, bread is done,
if not let it cook until done.)









BREADFRUIT BREAD


1 pkg. yeast
1 cup very ripe breadfruit (mashed)
3 cups flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup sugar / ..
1 egg .%
114 cup cooking oil
1 cup non-fat milk \
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1/2 cup chopped dates


Combine oil, milk and egg in mixing bowl. Mix well. (Beat with a portable
beater if available). Add breadfruit, dates and mix thoroughly. Combine
dry ingredients. Mix with breadfruit mixture. Beat well until the batter
becomes stiff. Spread into a greased loaf pan. Set to rise until doubled
(batter should be stif)D.

Bake at 3501F. for 1 hour or until done.










CHEESY CARROT BREAD


4 1/2 cups flour
1 pkg. yeast
1 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons sugar
3 tablespoons shortening
1 cup very warm water
1/3 cup carrots; grated
1 cup grated processed cheese (packed)


In a large bowl combine 1 cup flour, yeast, salt, sugar and shortening.
Add warm water; mix well. Add carrots and cheese; stir for 1 minute. Set
aside for 2 minutes or until small bubbles appear on surface.

Gradually add 3 cups of flour. Turn onto lightly floured board. Knead
until dough is no longer sticky, (add another 1/2 cup flour during the
kneading process if necessary).

Grease top of dough, cover and let rise until double in bulk. Shape into
dinner rolls or place in 2 loaf pans 7 5/8 x 5 3/8 x 2 1/4.

Bake at 400F. until done.









COCONUT BREAD


1 1/4 cups grated coconut
1 pkg. yeast
1/4 cup warm water
1/2 cup sugar
1/3 cup shortening or butter
1 teaspoon vanilla essence
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1/2 cup raisins
1/2 cup warm milk
4 cups flour


Grate coconut and set aside. Dissolve yeast in 1/4 cup warm water.
Cream sugar and butter, add vanilla and yeast. Add coconut and raisins
to sifted dry ingredients; add dry mixture in two parts with milk to form
a firm dough.

Turn dough out onto floured board or table and knead for at least 3
minutes. Put dough into mixing utensil and grease top. Cover with a
clean towel and let rise until double in bulk.

Shape dough into a loaf and place in a greased loaf pan. Let rise until
doubled. Bake in a moderate oven 350F. for 30 minutes or when knife
inserted into center comes out clean. Remove from pan, place on rack to
cool. Let the loaf stand overnight before sampling.









CORNMEAL BREAD


Cook until thick, stirring constantly: 1 cup water
1/2 cup cornmeal
3/4 cup warm water
3 tablespoons powdered milk
4 cups flour
1 pkg. yeast
5 tablespoons sugar
1 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons shortening
1/4 cup flour, (combine with)
1/4 cup cornmeal


In saucepan cook cornmeal with 1 cup water, stirring constantly until
thick. Remove from heat and cool. Add powdered milk to 3/4 cup of water.

In large mixing bowl, combine 1 cup flour, yeast, sugar, salt and
shortening. Add warm milk; stir for 3 minutes until small bubbles
appear on the surface. Stir cooked cornmeal until smooth, add to batter,
mix well.

Blend in 3 cups of flour gradually until a stiffdough is formed. When the
3 cups of flour is used up, dough should be a little sticky.

Add the 1/2 cup of cornmeal flour mixture gradually. Knead this mixture
into dough until all used up. Knead lightly on floured board. Cover dough
with bowl; let rise until double in bulk.

Shape into 2 rolls or loaves. Set in small loaf pans or on greased baking
sheet to rise until double in bulk. Bake at 4000F. for 5 minutes. Lower
temperature to 350F. Continue baking until done.

Bread is done if it sounds hollow when tapped with fingers on top and
bottom. Yield 2 loaves. Serve warm.









EASY TO MAKE OATMEAL BREAD


6 1/2 cups flour
1 cup rolled oats
2 pkg. yeast.-.
2 cups warm water t .
1/4 cup honey
1/4 cup molasses
1/3 cup shortening
1 tablespoon salt
1 egg


In mixing bowl combine 2 cups flour, oats, yeast and salt. In saucepan
heat 2 cups water, molasses, honey and shortening until shortening is
almost melted. Add to flour mixture, add beaten egg. Beat for 3 minutes.

Gradually stir in remaining flour to make a medium stiff dough. Set aside
to rise about 2 1/2 hours. Turn out on floured board or counter top. Knead
gently, shape into loaves. Place in greased 8 x 4 x 2 112 loaf pans. Cover;
set in warm place to rise until doubled. Bake at 350F. for about 45
minutes.









GUAVA BREAD


3/4 cup guavas (mashed)
4 1/2 cups flour
1 pkg. yeast
1 teaspoon salt
1/3 cup sugar
3 tablespoons shortening
3/4 cup warm water
1 egg beaten


Peel guavas, remove seeds from pulp. Cut guava shells into very small
cubes, measure, then mash.

In large bowl combine 1 cup flour, yeast, salt, sugar and shortening. Add
warm water, stir for 1 minute. Add guavas and beaten egg. Let rest until
bubbly.

Gradually add remaining flour to form a stiff dough. Turn dough on
lightly floured board, knead until smooth. Grease surface of dough; turn
bowl over dough on counter, let rise until double in bulk.

Shape into rolls or divide in 2 equal parts and shape into loaves. Place
in 2 pans 7-5/8 x 5-3/8 x 2-1/4. Let rise until loaves reach top ofpans. Bake
at 450F. until done.









LEMON BREAD


1/4 cup brown sugar
1/4 cup honey
1/2 teaspoon sugar
1/4 cup margarine
1 cup warm lemon grass brew (make brew by steeping 1 cup cut
lemon grass in 1 1/2 (cups water; strain)
1 pkg. dry yeast
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1 teaspoon ginger
1 teaspoon salt .
1 egg, slightly beaten
1/4 cup chopped raisins
2 1/2 cups whole wheat flour
2 cups white flour
2 tablespoons grated lemon rind
2 tablespoons soft butter
2 tablespoons honey

Sprinkle yeast over 1/2 cup warm lemon brew; add 1/2 teaspoon sugar, stir
and set aside. Add margarine, brown sugar, honey, salt, grated rind and
chopped raisins to balance of very warm lemon brew (1/2 cup). Add yeast
mixture, egg, spices and whole wheat flour and beat until smooth.

Gradually add white flour to form a stiff dough, leaving side of bowl clean.
Turn onto floured counter; knead (add flour if necessary to prevent sticking).
Continue to knead for 3 to 5 minutes until the dough is smooth and stretchy.

Place dough in greased bowl; grease top of dough. Cover and set to rise until
doubled. Punch down dough; knead it slightly and let it rise for a second time.
After second rising, shape loaves. Place in greased loaf pans; cover and let
rise until doubled. Bake at 450F. for 10 minutes, reduce heat to 350F. and
continue to bake for 20 minutes or until done.Cool in pan for about 5 minutes.
Mix 2 tablespoons honey, 2 tablespoons butter and brush top of leaves.
Remove from pan and set to cool for 5 minutes on rack.









MANGO BREAD


2 tablespoons white sugar
2 tablespoons brown sugar, firmly packed
1/4 cup margarine
1/4 cup shortening
1 pkg. yeast
4 cups enriched flour
1/4 teaspoon baking powder
1 egg, beaten
3/4 cup mango puree or (a very ripe crushed mango)
1/2 cup water, 2 tablespoons powdered milk
1 teaspoon vanilla essence
2 teaspoons orange rind (grated)
1 teaspoon salt


In small bowl add yeast to warm water, let rest for 2-3 minutes. Combine
flour and baking powder.

In large bowl cream margarine, shortening, sugar, essence and egg; beat
well, Add mango puree, yeast mixture, milk, salt, orange rind and 1 cup
of flour; beat well for about 3 minutes. Set aside until bubbly.

Gradually add remaining flour to form a stiff dough. Turn onto floured
board and knead for 3 minutes. Cover and let rise until doubled in bulk.
Shape into loaf and place in loaf pan. Let rise until doubled.

Bake at 450F. for 1 hour or until done.









NUTTY BANANA BREAD


6 cups flour
2 pkg. dry yeast
2 teaspoons salt
1/3 cup margarine or butter
1 cup sugar
2 eggs
3 cups mashed bananas (very ripe)
combine with 1 teaspoon lemon juice to retard darkening
2 teaspoons vanilla essence
1/2 cup chopped raisins
1/2 cup chopped dates
1/2 cup chopped walnuts
1 cup warm milk


In mixing bowl combine yeast, 1 teaspoon sugar, 1 cup flour, salt and
warm milk. Beat well. Set to rise until bubbly.

Cream butter and balance ofsugar. Beat eggs; add with mashedbananas
to yeast mixture. Add essence, chopped dates, nuts and raisins.

Gradually add balance of flour to form a stiff batter. Mix well; set aside
to rise until doubled. Spread in greased loaf or square baking pan. Set
to rise until doubled, about 1-1/2 hours.

Bake in slow oven 350F. or until done. Use toothpick to test for done-
ness. Let cool overnight before cutting.









NUTTY SORREL BREAD


cup chopped sorrel
cups enriched flour
cup whole rye flour
cup sugar
pkg. yeast
tablespoons grated orange rind
egg, slightly beaten
cup warm milk
cup warm water
tablespoons margarine
tablespoons shortening
teaspoon salt


FILLING
4 table spoons honey
1/2 cup chopped walnuts
1/2 cup currants
1/2 cup chopped sorrel


Cook chopped sorrel in 1/2 cup water until tender about 3 minutes.
Combine enriched flour and rye flour on waxed paper.Place 2 cups of flour
in mixing bowl; add yeast, salt, sugar, 2 tablespoons margarine, 2 table-
spoons shortening, add warm water and milk. Beat for 3 minutes; cover;
set aside to rise.

Add sorrel, grated orange rind and egg. Gradually add remaining flour to
form a soft dough. Knead until smooth; cover and set aside to rise. Punch
down 2 times; after third rising divide into two parts. Roll each portion out
to a 6 x 7 rectangle. Fill with mixture made by cooking chopped sorrel with
1/2 cup water until water evaporates. Combine with chopped nuts,
currants and honey.

To fill: Divide nut-currant sorrel mixture into 2 parts. Spread in center of
triangle; roll ends of dough towards center to cover nut mixture. Pinch
together; place in greased loaf pan with pinched side down.

Bake in medium oven until done. Cool and brush top with mixture of 1
tablespoon honey, 1 tablespoon butter.


1
41/4
1
1/2
2
2
1
1/2
3/4
2
2
1









PAPAYA BREAD


4 1/2 cups flour
1 pkg. yeast
3 tablespoons margarine
1 tablespoon cooking oil
3 tablespoons powdered milk
4 tablespoons sugar
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup warm water
1 egg, beaten
1/2 cup grated papaya (yellow hard ripened) firmly packed
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon (optional)
1/2 cup chopped nuts


In large bowl mix 1 cup flour with powdered milk, yeast, margarine, oil,
sugar, and salt. Add warm water and egg; beat well for 3 minutes. Add
grated papaya; cover and let rise for 15 minutes or until bubbles form on
top.

Mix remaining flour with cinnamon and nuts; add to mixture, knead for
3 minutes. Cover and let rise for 1 hour or until doubled. Knead dough
for 2 minutes (if dough is to sticky to handle, cover and allow to rest for 5
to 10 minutes).

Form into loaf; set into loaf pan 9-1/4 x 5-1/2 x 2-3/4. Bake for 1 hour at
450F.









PEAS & RAISIN BREAD


5 1/4 cups flour
1 pkg. yeast
3 tablespoons sugar
2 tablespoons margarine
2 tablespoons shortening
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup hot broth (liquid from strained peas)
3/4 cup cooked, mashed yellow split peas
1 egg, beaten
1/2 cup raisins firmly packed; chopped


Cook, strain and mash split peas (extract as much liquid as possible
before mashing).

In large bowl combine 1 cup flour, yeast, sugar, margarine, shortening
and salt. Add hot broth; stir. Add strained split peas and beaten egg; rest
for 3 minutes. Add raisins.

Gradually add 4-1/4 cups of flour until stiff dough is formed. Grease
hands lightly; knead dough on floured surface for 3 minutes. Cover and
set aside to rise until doubled; shape. Place in greased loaf pans; set to
rise until twice the volume.

Bake at 400F. until done.









PINEAPPLE OATMEAL BREAD


2/3 cup oatmeal
1 pkg. dry yeast
1/2 cup lukewarm water
2 tablespoons shortening
1/2 cup honey
1 egg
1/2 cup coconut (freshly grated) optional
1 cup crushed pineapple (drained)
3 1/2 cups flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup wheat germ


Soak oatmeal and yeast together in lukewarm water. In a large mixing
bowl, beat honey, egg and shortening for 1 minute. Add coconut,
pineapple and yeast mixture; beat well.

Combine flour, salt and wheat germ, add to oatmeal mixture to form a
stiff batter; let sit in bowl for about 15 to 20 minutes. Pour into greased
loaf pans 9 x 5 x 3. Set to rise for half an hour or until double in size.

Bake at 3500F. for 25 to 30 minutes or until done. Makes 2 loaves.









SWEET POTATO BREAD


Boil potatoes in skin; peel, mash, then cool.

1 cup mashed sweet potatoes
1 pkg. dry yeast
3 tablespoons shortening
4 tablespoons sugar
3 teaspoons salt
7 1/2 cups flour
2 1/2 cups warm water


In small bowl soften yeast in 1/2 cup water and 1 teaspoon sugar; let sit
for 5 minutes.

In large bowl add 2 cups warm water to shortening, sugar, salt, 2 cups
flour and mashed sweet potatoes. Add yeast mixture; beat for 2 minutes;
cover and set to rise.

Gradually add 5-1/2 cups of flour in 3 parts, beating well after each
addition (about 3 minutes). Add balance of flour to form a stiff dough;
knead until smooth.

Place in greased bowl, grease top of dough; cover and let rise until double
in bulk. Punch down; set to rise for a second time. Shape into 2 loaves and
place into a greased pan. Let rise until double in size.

Bake at 375 F. until done (test by tapping lightly on the loaf; if the loaf
sounds hollow, it is done).










SWEET POTATO PRUNE BREAD


Boil sweet potatoes in skin, peel, mash, then cool.

2 cups warm water
5 tablespoons powdered milk or 2 cups of whole milk
7 cups flour
1/3 cup sugar
3 teaspoons salt
1 pkg. yeast
4 tablespoons shortening
1/4 cup mashed sweet potatoes
3/4 cup chopped prunes
1/4 cup chopped raisins
1 egg


In large bowl combine 2 cups flour, powdered milk, sweet potatoes, sugar,
salt, egg, yeast and shortening. Add warm water and beat well. Set to
rise until bubbly.

Add raisins and prunes. Gradually add 2-1/2 cups of flour to form a soft
batter; let rest for 10 minutes. Add balance of flour to form a stiff dough.
Knead well on floured board until smooth.

Place in greased bowl, grease top of dough, cover and let rise until double
in bulk. Punch down; set to rise a second time. Shape into 2 loaves and
place into a greased pan. Let rise until double in size.

Bake at 375F. until done (test by tapping lightly on loaf; when loaf
sounds hollow it is done).









SPLIT PEA BREAD


3/4 cup strained yellow split peas (cooked and mashed)
1/4 cup cream cheese
3/4 cup very warm water or pea stock
3 1/2 cups flour
1 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons sugar
1 pkg. yeast
3 tablespoons shortening


In large bowl combine: 1/2 cup flour, salt, yeast and shortening.

Add 3/4 cup water or stock. Mix well. Combine cream cheese and
strained peas: add to flour mixture. Stir until well mixed; set aside for
3 minutes.

Gradually add 3 cups of flour, mixing well after each addition. Turn on
lightly floured board; knead for 3 minutes; gradually add a little more
flour if dough is too sticky to handle. Grease top of dough and let rise
until double in bulk. Punch down; setto rise a second time until doubled.

Shape and place into 2 greased pans 7-3/8 x 5-3/8 x 2-1/4. Set to rise until
double in size. Bake at 400F. until done.









VEGI-BREAD


3 cups all purpose flour .
1/2 cup whole rye flour
1/4 cup chopped onion '
1/2 cup chopped green sweet pepper
2 tablespoons chopped celery leaves
1 pkg. yeast
1 cup very warm water
2 tablespoons sugar .
3 tablespoons shortening or margarine .. -
1 tablespoon shortening or margarine .
1 teaspoon salt


On wax paper combine rye flour and enriched flour.

In large mixing bowl put 1-1/2 cups mixed flour, yeast, salt, sugar and 3
tablespoons shortening.

In saucepan cook lightly until tender but not brown, onion, green pepper
and celery in 1 tablespoon of shortening. Add to mixture in bowl. Add 1
cup water, beat for 1 minute. Set aside until doubled. Gradually add
remaining flour. Knead on floured surface until smooth; put in bowl.
Grease top; set in a warm place to rise until doubled. Punch down; let rise
again. Grease 8 inch round layer cake pan; shape dough to fill pan; set to
rise until doubled. Bake in moderate oven 4000F. until brown and done.









WHOLE WHEAT CHEESE BREAD


2 1/2 cups whole wheat flour
1 cup all purpose flour
1 pkg. yeast 0 do &
2 tablespoons powdered milk t'.'. ,
3 tablespoons sugar .
3 tablespoons margarine
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup processed cheese (shredded)
1 cup warm water


In large bowl combine 1 cup of whole wheat flour, yeast, powdered milk,
sugar, salt, margarine and shredded cheese. Add warm water; stir; set
aside for 1 minute.

Gradually add balance of flour to form stiff dough. Turn onto lightly
floured board, knead gently until dough is smooth and no longer sticky.

Grease top of dough, cover with bowl, let rise until double in bulk. Shape
into rolls or loaf. Bake at 350F. until done.









WHOLE WHEAT CHEESE MUFFINS


cup whole wheat flour

cups all purpose flour1
cup cheese
pkg. yeast
teaspoon salt
tablespoons sugar
tablespoons shortening
cup warm water


combined


In large bowl combine cheese, yeast, 1 cup flour, salt, sugar and shorten-
ing. Add 1 cup warm water; stir well. Let sit for a few minute s until light
and bubbly,

Gradually add balance of flour until stiff dough is formed. Knead lightly
on floured board until smooth. Shape into 12 rounds. Place in greased
muffin tins. Let rise until double in bulk.

Bake at 350F. until done.


1

2
1/2
1
1
2
2
1








Breads
with
Baking
Powder









SPICY PUMPKIN BREAD


1/2 cup brown sugar, packed firmly
1/4 cup salad oil
2 eggs, beaten
1 cup unpeeled, cooked and mashed pumpkin
1/2 cup pumpkin broth or milk
3 cups all purpose flour
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon orange rind
1/2 teaspoon ginger
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon pumpkin pie spice
2 tablespoons honey
2 tablespoons light molasses
1 tablespoon chopped walnuts *'
1 teaspoon dry yeast

Cream sugar and oil; add baking soda, eggs, molasses, honey, orange
rind, pumpkin, 1 teaspoon dry yeast and nuts. Sift together flour, baking
powder, salt, cinnamon, ginger, pumpkin pie spice. Add dry ingredients
to mixture in bowl alternately with milk to form a soft batter

Pour into 2 well greased 9-3/8 x 3-5/8 x 2-1/4 loaf pans. Bake at 350F. for
1 hour or until done. Let stand for 10 minutes; remove from pan; cool.
Makes 2 loaves. When loaves are near done, spread over top a mixture of:

1 tablespoon chopped walnuts
2 tablespoons currants
1 tablespoon water
1 tablespoon honey

Reduce oven to 30 0F. and continue to bake until done (about 15 minutes).









TASTY PUMPKIN BREAD


2 3/4 cups sifted flour
2 tablespoons baking powder
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons pumpkin pie spice
1 teaspoon ginger
1/4 teaspoons almond essence
1/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons brown sugar
3/4 cup mashed, cooked, unpeeled pumpkin
1 cup sour milk
2 eggs, beaten
1/3 cup softened margarine
2/3 cup shredded coconut
1/3 cup currants
2 teaspoons orange rind

Sift together flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, ginger and spice.

In a mixing bowl, cream sugar and margarine; add eggs, almond essence,
rind, sour milk, and pumpkin. Add 1 cup of flour mixture and stir well.
Add coconut and currants. Set aside for about 5 minutes. Add balance of
flour to form a soft batter.

Pour into greased loaf pan 9 x 5 x 3. Bake at 350F for 55 minutes. Makes
1 loaf. Mixture bakes well in greased muffin tins.

When bread is done remove from pans; cool slightly; spread over top:

1 teaspoon margarine
2 tablespoons honey
2 tablespoons chopped walnuts

(Heat mixture until margarine melts)


24




UNIVERSITY OF VIRGIN ISLANDS





Notes


























LIBRARY
UNIVERSITY OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
ST. CROIX
,.I(414




























































Issued in furLthraincc of Cooipernaive Extension Works, Acts of Congrcss of May 8 and June 30, 1914
(as amended), In cooperation with U.S. Dep.rtrnent of Agriculture. The Untivrsity of the Virgin Islands
Cooperative Extension Service is an Equal Opportunity Affinative Action Organlzation, providing
educational services In the fields of agriculture, home economics, rural development, 4-H development
arid related subjc .s to all persons regardless of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Dr. D.S. Padda, Director




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs