A TENTH ANNIVERSARY REPORT
COLLEGE OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
S Dr. Norwell E. Harrigan, director
of the Caribbean Research Instit-
ute since July, 1973. Dr. Har-
rigan served formerly as a CRI
Research Associate responsible
for the Inter-V.I. Relationship
Dr. Pearl I. Varlack, Assistant
Professor of Elementary Educ-
ation, and CRI Senior Research
Fellow and interim coordinator
of the Educational Research Unit.
Ms. Beverly Bandler, CRI Pro-
grams Coordinator and director
of the Institute's Environmental
Dr. Jerome L. McElroy, Assistant
Professor of Economics, CVI, and
CRI Senior Research Associate
and Coordinator of the Socio-
Economic Research Unit.
COLLEGE OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
Lawrence C. Wanlass Ph.D.
President, College of the Virgin Islands
Arthur A. Richards Ed.D.
Provost and Dean
CARIBBEAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Norwell Harrigan M.B.E., Ph.D.
Director, Caribbean Research Institute
Beverly G. Bandler
Marilyn T. Nibbs B.A.
Elena R. Lynton
Secretary to the Director
Wesley E. Nelson Ph.D.
Director, Water Resources Research Center
Director, Ecological Research Station
Jerome L. McElroy Ph.D.
Coordinator, Socio-Economic Research Unit
Community Research Center
Pearl I. Varlack Ph.D.
Coordinator, Education Research Unit
Community Research Center
Leonard Shorey, Ph.D.
University of the West Indies
Jose Villamil, Ph.D.
University of Puerto Rico
Carl Reidel, Ph.D.
University of Vermont
Maximo Cerame-Vivas Ph.D.
University of Puerto Rico
Liewelyn Sewer Bob Fleming
Elvin Fahie Thamina Shalhout
Janice Francis Marilyn Nibbs
Research is defined in the Oxford English dictionary as "an investigation directed
to the discovery of some fact by careful study of a subject; a course of critical
scientific enquiry" (1639). More recently and exhaustively in Webster New Inter-
national dictionary as "a studious enquiry or examination; especially critical investi-
gation or experimentation having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their
correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories or laws in the
light of newly discovered facts or the practical application of such new or revised
conclusions, theories or laws".
The Encyclopedia Britannica records research as including a wide variety of
work. First, there is basic research which, according to the National Science Founda-
tion, includes "research projects which represent original investigation for the ad-
vancement of scientific knowledge and which do not have specific commercial ob-
jectives". Then there is applied research which is expected to have a practical pay-off
This distinction between basic and applied research is not clear cut. Fundamentally,
the distinction is in the motivation of the investigator. In many cases both motives,
new knowledge for its own sake and new knowledge for practical advances, are in-
These statements give an indication of what the Institute was intended to do and
the magnitude of the task. The "where", however, presented an equally difficult
In using the term 'Caribbean' today, it is also necessary to have a definition handy.
At one time the reference may be to the islands stretching from Jamaica at the
Western tip of the northern Antillean range through the groups known as the Virgin,
the Leeward and the Windward islands to Barbados and Trinidad at the eastern tip
of the southern archipelego. More often than not the "rimlands" of Guyana and
Belize are included as well as Cayenne, Surinam and the off shore Netherlands
Antilles. In a further expansion the other "rimlands" of Venezuela, Columbia, and
the Central American Republics are also included.
While both the "what" and the "where" set standards difficult to attain an effort
had to be made and a course of action determined. It was preferred to think in
terms of what is called problem-oriented research and the policy of the Institute is
one which seeks relevance to local needs and problems, which seeks to derive a
broader base of knowledge about insular environments from a case study approach
and which seeks to relate its specific work on islands to that of the larger scientific
community. It is seeking a balanced perspective of the particular and the general,
the archetypical model and the replica, the rule and the exception, the human com-
munity and the insular environment, and is attempting to make regular use of the
cybernetic feed-back principle (both negative and positive) between the diverse
perspectives of the scientist and the decision-maker, between the world of abstract
theory and the changing environment, between the search for scientific principles
and the search for solutions (even if tentative) to contemporary problems.
Here are four statements which have been used as guides and comforters:
"Tomorrow's 'help wanted' advertisements are being written by the re-
search of today. Industry's progress and the employment opportunities
it will bring are being determined now in the quiet confines of the labor-
The Story of Employment Possibilities
"We need some fantastic conjectures at first in order to have anything to
The Saber-Tooth Curriculum
"What we need is not the will to believe but the wish to find out, which
is the exact opposite."
"Research teaches man to admit he is wrong and to be proud of the fact
that he does so, rather than try with all his energy to defend an unsound
plan because he is afraid that admission of error is a confession of weak-
ness when rather it is a sign of strength".
H. E. Stoche
In March, 1962, after a period of serious investigation, the College of the Virgin
Islands was established by an Act of the Virgin Islands Legislature and formally
opened the following year with approximately 40 full-time students, some eight
instructors and a handful of courses.
The establishment of a college in and for the Virgin Islands was in itself a signifi-
cant achievement in view of the strong positions for and against the institution taken
by various individuals and groups. But the fact that one of the functions of higher
education, research--an effort to extend the boundaries of knowledge (and education
is primarily concerned with knowledge, both increasing and disseminating it)--was
accepted by a college barely a year old was perhaps even more significant. In mid-
1964 preliminary steps were taken for the establishment of the Caribbean Research
Institute, and it was formally inaugurated as "a semi-autonomous entity within the
College of the Virgin Islands" on 4, January 1965 with the assumption of duty of the
first director Dr. James Blaut, a geographer.
The goals and objectives of the Institute were stated as follows:
The Institute has two primary functions: On the one hand, it serves the
Caribbean areas as a whole by undertaking and stimulating research on all
parts of the region. On the other hand, as the research agency of the Col-
lege, the Institute seeks to bring scholars to the campus, to encourage
faculty research, to provide in the College a central research agency for
the Virgin Islands (much as a land-grant College does for its State) and, in
general, to assist in the academic growth of the parent institution.
With two faculty members of the College (the director and the administrator)
serving as full-time staff and other members of the faculty (including the president
and the dean) as research fellows, work was begun in several areas. By the end of
1965 a research structure was evolving around four major research programs:
Socio-Economic: This included economic potential of V.I. submerged lands,
air terminal and air space utilization in St. Thomas, a sample of Virgin Islands
neighborhoods and households and socio-cultural community study based on this
(ii) Marine Ecology and Fisheries: This dealt primarily with marine environments
with marine environments and fisheries potential.
(iii) Agriculture and Food Supply: This focused on the economic and cultural
geography of small holder agriculture in the Caribbean and the problem of conserv-
ing rural areas in the face of expanding demand for urban and recreational land.
(iv) Urbanization Processes in the Caribbean.
In one year the Institute had grown at a fairly rapid rate. Twenty projects had
been undertaken in six Caribbean countries, nine being completed, and staff had
reached to four full-time and eight part-time members in anthropology, bio-geography,
cultural geography, political science and sociology.
Grants of over $200,000 were obtained and the College provided a sub-vention of
$18,000. One bulletin, "Reconstruction of the Agricultural Economy of.St. Croix"
had been published and six others were either being edited or in press.
Significant also was the Eastern Caribbean Conservation Conference which was
held at Caneel Bay, St. John, organized by the Institute and sponsored jointly by the
American Conservation Association, the Government of the Virgin Islands and the
College and attended by representatives of the American, British and French West
Indies. Out of this conference developed the Caribbean Conservation Association
(with headquarters at the Institute) and a Virgin Islands Conservation Committee.
The Institute was also serving in a consultant capacity to various local and Federal
In 1966, the Institute underwent fundamental changes in organization, admini-
stration and personnel, the most basic probably being the change of status from a
semi-autonomous unit to a division of the College. While this was primarily a change
in concept and attitude, the result was pronounced change in fiscal and admini-
strative procedures which the Director reported as being "entirely beneficial to the
Caribbean Research Institute".
By this time, too, a program in Marine Ecology and Fisheries had led to a con-
ference of experts in biology and marine life which considered the establishment
of an Ecological Station to undertake funded research programs dealing with marine
and terrestrail problems of islands.
But the Institute was apparently losing momentum. The director resigned and the
Dean of the College was appointed to administer the Institute. In June 1967 he
reported "development...has been indisputably rocky and uncertain. It is the nature
of research activities to wax and wane. At this point C.R.I. as an idea and a program
is sharply waning". At the same time he emphasized that because it is strategically
located to attract the support of scholars and men of affairs, the Institute had a
future; it needed active college support, cogent research concepts, and personnel
(including a full-time director) to enable it to reach the "take off" point.
In November, 1967, Dr. Edward L. Towle, an historian of science and explora-
tion, was appointed and assumed duties as director. He was a man of imagination,
boundless energy and extensive contact (the qualities which his temporary predeces-
sor had stated as necessary for the job), and once again the Institute began to move
forward. It had by this time undertaken thirty-one projects of which eleven were
active and the list of publications stood at thirteen.
After 1968 the focus of the Institute became increasingly oriented towards con-
servation, marine resources and water. While one study on the Arts and one on
Education previously undertaken were published after 1967 the Inter-Virgin Islands
Studies Program was the only new project undertaken in the social sciences. This
produced the first comprehensive attempt to look at the British and United States
Virgin Islands as an ecosystem and included one report on the inter-relationships of
the islands, several journal articles, a doctoral dissertation and a forthcoming history
of the British Virgin Islands. It also triggered two doctoral dissertations which at-
tempted to look at Virgin Islands society and its education system from a theoretical
The other departure was a Remote Sensing Technology Program which was con-
ducted on St. Croix in three projects funded by the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration and one funded by the U.S. Air Force.
Marine resources projects included one fairly large project in Biotoxicology and
smaller projects in Hydrogeology, Marine Archaeology, Lobster Management, Reef
Ecology and Marine Pharmacology. Most of this work was undertaken from the
Ecological Research Station at Lameshur Bay, St. John.
Conservation projects dealt with environmental management, natural resources
control and historical site conservation and involved a renewed interest in the
Some twenty reports (nearly half of the total output) were the results of water
quality control projects.
Fairly substantial funding was obtained. A tentative breakdown indicates that
close to 50 percent of projects support came from the federal government with the
other half split about evenly between the local government and private sources.
By the academic year 1970-71, the College had seen tremendous growth. The
student body had grown to 1,1446 (416 full-time and 1,030 part-time) with a faculty
and professional staff numbering 108 and it was fully accredited. There was similar
growth in the Institute and in a period which can fairly be described as hectic there
was neither the time nor the staff for making a critical analysis of the Institute. Re-
search activities were once more on the wane. By purely fortuitous circumstances
in the following year, the major research projects were concluded, new leadership
given to the Institute and the opportunity provided for evaluation, to review policies
and programs, to ask other questions and (if possible) obtain answers, to blaze new
The year 1972 was one of change at the Caribbean Research Institute. During the
first six months several projects terminated by expiration of contracts. The Environ-
mental Laboratory in St. Croix was closed when the project director transferred to
another Institution and the VIERS Toxicology Laboratory on St. Thomas was
closed when additional funding was not obtained.
Later in the year the Water Laboratory on the St. Thomas campus was closed, the
contract between the College and the Virgin Islands Government for water pollution
studies having come to an end. The Caribbean Conservation Association Development
Program moved to a new research organization headed by the former director who
was also president of the association.
There were also important personnel changes. In April 1972 Dr. Towle announced
his resignation, which action, according to a statement made to the press, "reflected
certain long-standing differences in policies concerning the Institute". In May it was
announced that Dr. Auguste Rimple, a Virgin Islander employed by Arthur D. Little
Inc., had been offered the directorship and that Dr. Norwell Harrigan, a former re-
search associate, had agreed to return as associate director. lie assumed duty on
June 1. Eventually, Dr. Rimple did not accept appointment and Dr. Harrigan acted
as director from July 15, 1972 and was confirmed in the appointment with effect
from July 1, 1973.
With the installation of new leadership the President requested an in-depth review
of the policies and programs of the Institute which should take fully into account
two important statements made by college authorities in May, 1972:
(a) "That the Institute would work more in the field of economic develop-
ment and cut back the emphasis on marine involvement, expanding
social research and other education aspects."
(b) "That it would play an increasing role in Virgin Islands community
In a preliminary report the director pointed out that rapid growth was responsible
for much of its troubles. The Institute had depended to a considerable extent on
sponsored projects and it was not always possible to predict what would not be real-
ized. There had been a high turnover of staff which caused more than a little con-
fusion. Directions, which often depended on sources of funding, had not always been
clear, and this led to more confusion, to disagreements, and to ill-feelings; and, for
reasons which cannot always be pinpointed, relations with college faculty and with
students had been less harmonious and integrated than could be hoped for or ex-
pected; lines of communication had often been blocked. The image of the Institute
had been seen differently by different publics; while some regarded the work as
successful and stimulating, others saw it as failing in its primary functions. "Any
objective assessment of the Institute", he concluded, "must recognize that con-
siderable perspicacity was shown in defining the mission and that some success has
been achieved. There would appear to be no need for a redefinition but rather a re-
orientation with the emphasis being placed on the Institute as a central research
agency (as a land grant college) for the Virgin Islands and the encouragement of
faculty research in the College. While work in the Caribbean region should continue,
it would not be given priority."
This review led to action in three main directions:
(a) structural re-organization
(b) formulation of new policies
(c) efforts to project a new image of the Institute and its mission.
The Institute has now settled into a structure designed to reflect more clearly
its research objectives. (An organization chart appears as Appendix I hereto).
A review of the Institute's personnel and procedures revealed several unsatisfactory
aspects and pointed to the need for sound administrative arrangements capable of
providing a viable supporting role for the Institute's primary function--research.
Accordingly with are-allocation of space, an updating and streamlining of procedures
and re-assignment of personnel the following units were established:
The Director of the Institute is formally charged with the responsibility to the
President of the College for the development of the Institute and the coordination
and supervision of its activities. In accordance with this responsibility and flowing
from the review of the Institute's goals and direction a number of important policy
decisions were taken which affected the Institute's operations.
While the Institute is officially a division of the College, it had pursued for several
years a semi-autonomous course. It was determined that such a policy deviation was
not in the best interest of the College, and attempts were made to bring the Institute
into the College. Closer cooperation between the Institute and the College admini-
stration over policy formation and operational decision-making has been pursued.
And the director has been active in the College's Divisional Council and Admini-
strative Council (of which he is ex-officio member) and in the Graduate Council and
several college committees on which he serves by appointment. The director also
holds formal faculty appointment as a Lecturer in Education and Political Science
and taught a course in the graduate program in "The Sociological and Anthropologi-
cal Foundation of Education in the Virgin Islands" on both the St. Thnmas and St.
Croix campuses during the Spring Semester 1973-74.
A second policy decision concerned the future of the Institute if it continued only
to search for sponsored research projects and do "what the funds obtained want
done". The decision was made that the Institute must become an "adaptive Institute"
and that research priorities for the islands should be determined by College/Com-
munity cooperation, with funding sought to meet felt needs. Towards this end, a
16-member Research Liaison Committee, consisting of members of the Institute's
staff, the College's administration and academic divisions, the Agricultural Exten-
sion Service. and representatives of the territorial Department of Conservation and
Cultural Affairs was set up in the third quarter of 1972. The committee contributed
to the planning of the Virgin Islands Research Needs Conference held in April, 1973,
to the recommendations of which the Institute is responding.
Following the Research Needs Conference, it was determined that the Liaison
Committee would be replaced by new committees dealing with Ecological Research,
Socio-Economic Research, Education Research, and Water Resources Research. These
committees would be comprised of representatives from the Institute, other division
of the College, agencies of the V.I. and U.S. Government, specialists from both the
Caribbean and U.S. mainland and to institute a policy of coordinated effort based on
consensus, with the committees serving in an advisory capacity. (A list of committees
appears as Appendix II hereto).
Another policy decision involved the question of funding and budgeting. It has
now been determined that a larger proportion of the annual Legislative appropriation
should be allocated specifically to research efforts, providing for both matching
funds and "in-house" research, as opposed to being allocated solely for administra-
tive costs, and although not specifically budgeted, an approximate one-fifth of the
appropriation for the Institute was set aside for direct research expenses in FY 74.
While the demand of much research prohibits extensive involvement due to the
availability of time, it is desirable that College faculty be associated with the In-
stitute on a "joint-appointment" basis. New budget proposals would make such
appointments possible and progress toward this end is being made.
Policy decision also centered on relationships. The Institute has had close work-
ing relationships with several local organizations; regional, national and inter-
national, professional, scientific and conservation organizations; and academic and
research institutions. The need for this is obvious but greater selectivity appears
necessary. On the local level the director addressed high school graduating classes
and civic and professional organizations; participated in seminars and panel discus-
sions sponsored by various groups; and appeared on television and radio in an attempt
to project a new image for the Institute and convince the community that the Col-
lege, through its research arm, is committed to seeking solutions to community
Under the provisions of Act No. 3166 of the Virgin Islands Code the director
serves as a member of the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission. He was
elected as vice-chairman of the Steering Committee and Chairman of the Research
Committee. The director also served by appointment of the President of the Virgin
Islands Legislature as a member of the Cost of Living Commission, and the Cultural
On the regional level the Institute continued participation in the Caribbean Con-
servation Association and the Association of Caribbean Universities and Research
Institutes. The director attended meetings of both organizations.
The director paid a familiarization visit to government agencies and foundations
in Washington, D.C. with the assistance of the Overseas Liaison Committee of the
American Council on Education in March, 1974. He also served as Visiting Caribbean
Scholar at the University of Vermont's new Caribbean program in April, 1974 where
cooperative relationships were discussed. In May 1974, he attended a meeting in New
Orleans as a preliminary to the College joining the Consortium on Research Training
(CORT) head-quartered at Bennett College in Greensboro, South Carolina. CORT is
funded by the U.S. Office of Education and is a joint effort currently involving 15
institutions of higher education. It was formed for the purpose of strengthening
research competencies of both faculties and students in predominantly black col-
leges and universities. With the formal entry of the College into the Consortium in
September, 1974 a Research Training Committee was established which also serves
in an advisory capacity to CORT. In addition to the Director who was appointed
Campus Coordinator to CORT four faculty members have attended training work-
shops in Atlanta,Georgia. and it is proposed to hold workshops on both campuses
of the College before the end of July, 1975.
The Office of the Director also assumed responsibility for personnel matters.
Administrative staff changes included the discontinuance of the positions of Exec-
utive Secretary, Fiscal and Supply officer and Clerk/Bookkeeper and the creation
and filling of two new posts of Office Assistant and Bookkeeper and Supply and
Services Clerk. The post of Office Supervisor and Projects Assistant was re-entitled
Programs Coordinator and expanded duties assigned. On the research side a new
post of Director, Water Resources Research Center was created and filled.
Provisions had been taken for the appointment from time to time and as the
need arises of the following categories of researchers--senior research associates and
research associates (on the Institute's payroll). Senior research fellows and research
fellows (college faculty who are associated with but not paid by the Institute);
visiting research fellows; research assistant (paid or unpaid); and research affiliates
(working outside the Institute on projects in which the Institute is interested).
Honorary Fellows serve as consultants to the Institute.
While the scope and funding of the Institute make the employment of students
difficult, five students in economics, education, social work, biology and marine
science were given part-time employment.
(A staff list appears as Appendix III hereto.)
THE CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION SERVICES UNIT
The unit was established as a means of improving efficiency and reducing costs.
Supervised by the Office Supervisor and Bookkeeper, it has responsibility for all
fiscal matters, procurement and distribution of supplies, a central filing system and
secretarial services. The unit works closely with the College's Business Office.
The unit undertook a complete re-organization of the central filing system with a
view to improving effectiveness. A new method of allocating funds was introduced
so that cost of the various aspects of the Institute's work could be more easily
In the period of tight money in recent years, outside funding has been difficult
to obtain. With only a few small federal grants the Institute began to revitalize its
research activities largely on funds voted by the V.I. Legislature. Present local fund-
ing is at approximately the following level:
Caribbean Research Institute $103,500
Ecological Research Station 1108,700
Water Resources Research Center 29,000
The Federal FY 1975 allocation for Water Resources Research is $40,000.
ANCILLARY PROGRAMS UNIT
For several years the Institute has sponsored occasional public conferences and
lectures. It was the strong feeling during the planning for re-organization that if, as
is generally accepted, the dissemination of findings and agitation for action is an
integral part of the research process the former might well be useless and the latter
impossible unless a climate exists in which both can operate. To meet this need it
was necessary to systematize and expand activities which supported research and the
Ancillary Programs Unit was created as a result. The Unit, which is supervised by the
Programs Coordinator, has responsibility for the Public Affairs Program, Faculty/
Student Activities, Publications, Publicity, and Special Projects focusing on public
The Public Affairs Program consisted of conferences and lectures including two
Memorial Lectures which honor Dr. David Canegata of St. Croix (physician, judge,
legislator and administrator), and J. Antonio Jarvis of St. Thomas (educator, his-
torian, journalist and artist). Distinguished scholars were invited to serve as lecturers
on both the St. Thomas and St. Croix campuses.
The inaugural David Canegata Memorial Lecture on Public Affairs was delivered
by Dr. G. James Fleming, Professor of Political Science at Morgan State College in
Baltimore, Md. and a native Crucian and CVI trustee, in December, 1972. Dr.
Fleming's lecture was entitled, "The Perennial Problem of Making Decisions".
"Size and Survival: Planning in Small Island System" was the theme of the Second
Annual David Canegata Memorial Lecture on Public Affairs, which was held in Feb-
ruary, 1974. The lecturer was Professor J6se J. Villamil, acting director of the Grad-
uate School of Planning of the University of Puerto Rico.
The inaugural Antonio Jarvis Memorial Lecture on Education was delivered by
Dr. Leonard Shorey of the University of the West Indies during the fall Semester
1973-74. He posed the question "Is the Caribbean System of Education Relevant to
the Needs of Our Society?"
Dr. Thomas Mathews, historian and research professor of the faculty of social
sciences, Institute of Caribbean Studies of the University of Puerto Rico, gave the
second lecture on education in December, 1974. Dr. Mathews theme was, "Carib-
bean Education: The Pursuit of Excellence in a Small Island Community".
Dr. Thomas Mathews, historian
and research professor, shown
giving the second J. Antonio
Jarvis Memorial Lecture on Educ-
Also, in the fall of 1973, the Institute has the opportunity of sponsoring a lec-
ture by the director of Transport Control on the island of Bermuda entitled, "Auto-
mobile Legislation in Small Island Communities: the Legal and Social Implica-
The lectures are' held on both St. Thomas and St. Croix, and are printed for
"Virgin Islands Research Needs Conference"
Four conferences have been organized to date. In keeping with the Institute's
objective to seek research priorities based on College/Community consensus, and
with a view towards charting a course for the next few years for the greater benefit
of all constituencies served by the College, CRI sponsored the Virgin Islands Re-
search Needs Conference on April 24, 1973. The conference sought to ascertain
what research had been done in the Virgin Islands and what ought to be done, and
to assess the resources available to do research in the areas of ecology, water, ed-
ucation, and socio-economics.
Approximately fifty persons representing community agencies concerned re-
sponded to the invitation to join the quest for solutions to community problems, and
some sixty recommendations were made. There was general agreement among the
participants that the islands suffered from erratic compiling of data in all areas of
research, a lack of communication among those doing research and an absense of
integrated planning, the consequence of which was that the Islands were not ade-
quately prepared to deal with the complex challenges and charges with which they
were faced. The Proceedings of the conference were published and distributed to the
public during the Summer of 1973.
"The Culture of the V.I. Fact or Fantasy?"
The second ',conference held in December, 1973 was an initial attempt at imple-
menting the recommendations of the Research Needs Conference. "The Culture of
the Virgin Islands: Fact or Fantasy? was the title chosen by a college/community
planning committee, which agreed that no attempt could be made to conduct a
definitive examination of Virgin Islands culture, but that the conference could serve
as a starting point and offer a preliminary broad look at the validity of the concept.
It was the Institute's hope that the conference would encourage ventilation of popu-
larly-held notions of Virgin Islands culture and current commentary, and that this
examination would serve as a catalyst for a serious in-depth and scientific long-
term research effort, one with the sympathetic support and interest from the com-
munity at large. In order to encourage greater interest and participation in the effort,
an essay contest was held on the subject for Virgin Islands 11th and 12th graders.
Over 200 people participated in the open discussions which were held on all
three islands. There were interesting accounts of island traditions, and an apparent
agreement that there is a Virgin Islands culture. The information gathered at the
conference, however, did not lend itself to the publication of proceedings but will
contribute to the Institute's data bank on social research in general and to an on-
going cultural investigation in particular.
"Our Troubled Environment Can We Save It? "
The third conference sponsored by the Institute concerned the Virgin Islands
Environment and was held on May 10 and 11, 1974, on St. Thomas as part of an
initial phase of a special project on adult Environmental Education. "Our Troubled
Environment Can We Save It? "sought to create public awareness by attempting to
expose as many decision-makers and members of the general public.as possible to the
overall "status" of environmental problems and to specify areas in which new di-
rections and policies might be indicated. The agenda was designed to: (a) identify the
problems; (b) define goals and objectives; (c) examine alternative solutions; and
(d) reach consensus on preferred solutions and priorities.
Over 200 individuals from government, business and the community at large
attended the two-day event. They listened to five principal speakers from off-island
who offered relevant expertise and experience in different environmental areas, and
participated actively in the twelve discussion groups. The greatest interest appeared
to center around economics and the environment, government's responsibilities,
historic preservation, and land use.
"We don't understand our systems;" "We don't know where we're going or where
we want to go;" "Government is not sufficiently responsive" such was the con-
sensus of the conference participants. They felt that action was needed, and that a
lack of planning and the failure in law enforcement were major problems. All dis-
cussion groups noted that there had been little, if any, regard for the inter-relation-
ships between economics, social concerns, and environmental issues. The conference
enunciated a number of statements which will form a basis for action--whether in
the area of research, education, government policy or public pressure.
The Proceedings of the conference will be available for distribution early in 1975.
"Water Resources Problems & Research Needs in the U.S.V.I-"
The fourth conference, "Water Resources Problems and Research Needs in the U.S.
Virgin Islands", held in October, 1974 was a joint effort between the Water Re-
sources Research Center, the V.I. Extension Service (also of CVI) and the Virgin
Islands Conservation District on St. Croix. The objective of the conference was to
increase both public and governmental awareness of the problems in meeting the
increasing demand for water and the role that research might take in providing a
solution of the more urgent needs. Open discussions were directed to the four major
panel presentations made: "The Producers and Consumers", "More Consumers,"
"The Planners and Policy-Makers". and "The Researchers." Proceedings are being
prepared for publication. '-
Over 200 Virgin Islanders attend-
ed the two-day Conference on
the Virgin Islands Environment.
Shown here is the opening
plenary session May 10, 1974 at
the Frenchman's Reef Hotel.
Publications are an important aspect of the Institute's activities, and include
reports on research findings as well as information likely to be of interest to the
community at large.
Since 1972 publication of reports on projects undertaken earlier included five
Water Pollution Reports resulting from the contract work done for the Virgin Islands
Government (Division of Environmental Health) the final report on the preliminary
one-year study of ciguatera fish poisoning, the final report on the Tropical Reflec-
tivity project undertaken at the St. Croix Environmental Laboratory, and two papers -
one a look at the Mangrove Lagoon for the layman, and the other on resource
management programs for oceanic islands. Marine Archaeology Program reports,
"Proton Magnetometer Survey of Marine Archaeological Sites in the Virgin Islands"
and "The Excavation of the HMS Santa Monica," have been completed and are being
printed for distribution. The Proceedings of the Virgin Islands Research Needs
Conference was given wide publicity.
In an effort to be more effective in terms of advising the public of its activities,
publications, etc., the Institute began publishing a "CRI Bulletin". The first issue
was distributed in February, 1974, followed by issues in April, September, and Nov-
ember. The mailing list is currently around 700 people who live on all three islands.
The Bulletin, which is free and available to the public, is an occasional publication
expected not to exceed six issues a year.
Projects which are not basic or applied research, but which fall into the area of
of public education, are undertaken by the Ancillary Program Unit of the Institute.
In the second quarter of 1973 the Institute received a one-year grant from the U.S.
Department of Health, Education and Welfare to conduct an "environmental ed-
ucation project aimed at conditioning Virgin Islands citizens to environmental aware-
ness and the need for correction in problem areas". The funding, authorized under
Title I of the Federal Higher Education Act, assists colleges and universities in de-
veloping community service programs to help people solve community problems. A
grant of $8,050 was followed by a second grant in the amount of $7,248 both
matched locally for a two-year program. The conference on the Virgin Islands En-
vironment represents CRI in kind support.
Two phases of work constitute the Institute's Environmental Education Program
which is focused on air and water pollution, solid waste management, land use,
wildlife, marine resources, historic preservation, economics and the environmental
law, the responsibilities of both federal and local governments, the role of the citizen,
V.I. education and the environment, environmental manpower, and environmental
research in the Virgin Islands.
Phase I of the project is focused on identification of environmental problems, and
is designed to expose the public to the problems, attempting to; (a) identify the prob-
lems; (b) define community goals and objectives; (c) consider alternative solutions
and (d) determine preferable solutions and priorities. There are three specific activi-
ties within this phase: The first (see Conferences), was completed in May, 1974. A
contract has been completed for the second, a series of 12 half-hour TV programs
scheduled for the third quarter of 1975, with Channel 12, WTJX.
Phase II, initiated in June, 1974, focuses on problem solving through citizen
action. Activities in this phase include (1) a status report on the local environment
and (2) workshops on citizen action planned for the last quarter of 1975 or early
Having determined the primary research areas of the Institute for the next several
years, three research "centers" were designated as the vehicles through which its
objectives could best be realized. These are the following:
ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH STATION
The station established in 1966 on St. John, and particularly valuable for its uni-
queness as a site relatively undisturbed by man. It has operated almost entirely in the
field of marine biology under its own director. Of primary importance was the need
to clarify the realtionships of the Station to the Institute and the College.
A new Statement of Policy was issued indicating that the Station is to be admini-
stered and is to function as a subdivision of the Caribbean Research Institute. It is a
facility for the conduct of research programs by in-house scientists, visiting scientists
and college faculty, as well as contract research relating to the ecology of the Virgin
Islands and island systems of the Caribbean. The overall mission of the Station as a
research facility is the responsibility of the director of CRI, assisted by the director
of the Station and an Ecological Research Committee.
The director of the Station is responsible for: (1) the administration of the
station in all its aspects, (2) ensuring that all terms and requirements of the 1966
Memorandum of Agreement between the National Park Service and the College are
met and/or adhered to; (3) the solitation of research projects within the policy
guidelines of the Institute and the preliminary review and evaluation of all pro-
posals; (4) the coordination of all research programs conducted at or by the Station;
(5) the development, maintenance and curating of all museum collections; (6) the
development and maintenance of the research library on insular ecology; (7) parti-
cipation as a professional in Institute and college-related research and other
activities; (8) the conduct of personal research on a time-available basis in keeping
with the general policy guidelines.
The Ecological Research Committee replaces the previous ad hoc Lameshur
Advisory Board. The new committee is to serve in a consultative capacity on: (a)
general policy for ecological research; (b) research proposals; and (c) publication of
Dr. William MacLean, CVI Assist-
ant professor of biology, and an
ecology class at the Lameshur
CRI scientific ecological material. Its membership includes, in addition to College
personnel representatives of government agencies and concerned citizens from all
In its first meeting the committee advised that an evaluation of the station work
was desirable before new directions are determined. This was undertaken by Dr.
Maximo Cerame Vivas, an ecologist of the University of Puerto Rico, and Dr. Carl
Reidel, a land-use planner from the University of Vermont. The consultants had dis-
cussion with the committee and their recommendations are expected before the
middle of 1975.
Visiting researchers at the facility are contracted by the Station director, and
upon the approval of research proposals are appointed as Research Fellows of CRI.
Doctoral work that has taken place at the facility over the past two years cover the
following: Ecology of Eleutherodactyline Frogs of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Is-
lands. The Carbonate Deposition in Inshore Areas in the Virgin Islands, and The Social
Behavior in Fiddler Crabs. Senior research efforts included a Survey of Certain
Floristic Components of St. John, Population Biology of the Agave, Population
Fluctuations in Flora and Fauna of Eel Grass Communities of St. John, Life History
and Growth Rates in West Indian Topshells, Comparative Study of Recent and Fos-
sil Ostracods. Analysis of Coconut Endosperm as Protein Source, Systematics &
Distributions of St. John Insect, Comparative Efficiency of Fish-Trap Designs, and
Preliminary Survey of St. John Avifauna, Two projects undertaken with support
from the Station were the Field Guide to the Natural History of Puerto Rico and
the Virgin Islands and a study of Sandy Beach Dynamics on St. John.
In-house research projects previously undertaken but completed in the past two
years included a Preliminary Study of Ciguatera Poisoning in the Virgin Islands.
Studies on Caribbean Sea Turtles and a Survey of Winter Migrant Bird Species, St.
John. Two projects were undertaken by the Station director on a continuing basis:
Survey of the Bat Fauna of St. John and Adjacent Cays; and Pollination Ecology of
Night-Blooming Plants in the Virgin Islands.
The Marine Archaeology Program under the direction of the Institute's marine
archaeologist completed two main projects: (1) the Proton Magnetometer Search for
Marine Archaeological Sites in the Virgin Islands, funded by the National Endow-
ment for the Humanities with matching funds from local residents, for an inventory
and assessment of the marine archaeological resources of the Virgin Islands; (2) the
excavation and preservation of artifacts from the HMS Santa Monica (1782), a
SVisiting researcher, Dr. Julius
Dieckert, tries his hand at coco-
4 nut gathering for a study of
Artifacts from the HMS Santa "
Monica (1782). Left: A 4,000
reis Portuguese Gold Coin of
King John V. Right: Porcelain
wreck off St. John, which was funded by the V.I. Department of Conservation &
Cultural Affairs. Both projects terminated in June, 1973, and reports resulting from
these efforts completed. In addition, some assistance was given to the BVI Govern-
ment through excavation efforts on their HMS Nymph (1783) wrecksite.
The Archaeology Preservation Laboratory continues to function under a chief
technician. Plans for its future are the subject of discussion between the Institute and
the V.I. Department of Conservation & Cultural Affairs.
The physical plant at the Station continued to be modified, an effort which was
started in November, 1972. It had been determined that the facilities, while work-
able for limited activity prior to Tektite I and II and student residence, were not sati-
factory to meet the needs of visiting investigators, many of whom require accom-
modations and working space over a period of several weeks. Two of the existing
cabins were converted into accommodations and research "apartment" units, for
up to three persons. Additional improvements were made in the terrestrail labor-
atory, the main laboratory and the kitchen facilities. Several small vessels are main-
tained for the assistance of scientists engaged in marine studies in addition to two
vehicles for both staff and investigator use.
Mr. Marcus Buchanan who had served as director since 1971 resigned in Septem-
ber, 1974. Since then work at the station has been restricted pending decisions
about the future of the station and the appointment of a successor based on such
SOUNDING LEAD used as a
weight on a long line to determine
BRASS HAMMER HEAD tools
used by the armourer of the ship
so as to eliminate the possibility
of accidentally making sparks
which could ignite the gunpow-
WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER
The Water Pollution Studies Program which begun in 1969 on the basis of a con-
tract between the College and the Government of the Virgin Islands through its
Division of Environmental Health terminated in the third quarter of 1972. The pro-
gram undertook detailed analyses of water quality in various bays throughout the
Virgin Islands, examination of sewage disposal practices and operating efficiencies
of package sewage treatment plants. The 3-year program resulted in a series of 20
Water Pollution Reports.
The Water Resources Research Act of 1964 was amended in 1971 and under
the provision of law the Virgin Islands became eligible for federal funding to estab-
lish a research center. The Governor of the Virgin Islands early in 1972 designated
the College as the local agency responsible for the development of a center.
The Water Resources Research Center was established within the framework of
the Institute in November 1973. With the appointment of a director, charged with
the responsibility of developing and administering individual projects, a program of
research was initiated with its primary mission being the solution of problems in
water supply to meet growing demands and the protection of the overall water
environment of the territory.
Funding of the Center's activities is provided in part by the appropriations from
the local Legislature, and in part by grants from the Office of Water Research and
Technology under the provisions of the Water Resources Research Act of 1964,
as amended. Section 100 of Title I of the Act provides for annual allotments to the
Center for research directed toward water resources problems of the islands. In
addition to allotment funds, support is available on a matching grant basis.
Three research projects were initiated in 1974. The first of these is concerned
with an analysis of water problems in the U.S. Virgin Islands to identify and evaluate
research procedures that must be employed if the more significant problems are to
be resolved. Water problems will be identified and considered in the context of the
islands and their respective needs and requirements. Potential alternatives for solving
or mitigating the more pressing problems will be assessed, and courses of action
that may be employed will be evaluated in light of the probability of success of each
Another project deals with the multiple use of treated wastewater originating
with the recently constructed reclamation plant operated by the Government in
conjunction with the sewage collection and disposal system of St. Croix. The ob-
The first meeting of the Water
,' Resources Research Committee
discuss priorities of water re-
sources research for the islands.
jective of the research is to determine to what degree the use of reclaimed waste-
water for irrigation of raw crops and for fish culture as a food source will affect
both the quantity and quality of water eventually reaching and recharging underlying
ground water sources. This study, as well as the one listed above, will continue in
A third project undertaken during the year was an environmental impact state-
ment relevant to a proposed highway along the north perimeter of the St. Thomas
harbor. This study, concerned primarily with an inventory and assessment of the
nature of the biota of the harbor, was prepared for private engineering firms involved
in the design of the highway project.
Two proposals written, approved and awaiting staffing: "Effects of Urban Run-
off on the Quality of Bays and Estuaries of St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands" and
"Pricing Policies, Cost Allocation, & Demand in the Public Water Supply, U.S. Virgin
Islands". The latter proposal will be done in collaboration with the Socio-Economic
With difficulties of funding resolved, the Water Resources Research Committee
was appointed consisting, in addition to College personnel, of representatives of
government agencies concerned and of the public.
Dr. David M. Grubbs, the first director, completed a one-year contract in Nov-
COMMUNITY RESEARCH CENTER
In view of the numerous socio-economic problems which beset the Virgin Islands
communities it was most unfortunate that the Institute failed to develop any signi-
ficant competence in social research. This has led to what can be fairly called a nega-
tive reaction on the part of many people to the Institute in general and to its use-
fulness to the islands in particular. The College, however, recognized that this inad-
equacy had to be corrected.
The concept of a Community Research Center was presented to the Board oi
Trustees by the Director towards the end of 1973 as the final stage of the organi-
zation project for the current phase of development. It was proposed that initially
the Center would comprise two units dealing with socio-economic affairs and ed-
ucation under the supervision of the Director of the Institute, assisted by a faculty
member on joint-appointment as coordinator and advisory committee for each
Unit. The functions of the Coordinators would be: (a) analyze the recommendations
Dr. David M. Grubbs, the first
director of the Water Resources
Research Center. Dr. Grubb's
one-year appointment was com-
pleted November, 1974.
which emerged from the Research Needs Conference and prepare proposals in
order of priority; (b) review and advise on proposals submitted to the Institute in
the area of specialization; (c) coordinate the research being conducted at the In-
stitute in the area of specialization; (d) liaise with Government agencies and organi-
zations engaged in research work in the area of specialization; (3) conduct "in-house"
research, particularly where it may be useful in attracting projects which could be
funded by outside sources; (f) undertake such other duties as may be consistent
with the objectives of the units.
Socio-Econimic Research Unit
Dr. Jerome McElroy, Assistant Professor of Economics, Division of Social Sciences,
was named Senior Research Associate and Coordinator of the Socio-Economic Re-
search Unit in November, 1973. Dr. McElroy is at present available to the Institute
on a 1/4 time basis.
The main thrust of the Unit is to implement a broad range of micro-state studies
and inter alia to further operationalize and delineate the initial exploration, ex-
tensions and refinement of a tentative theory of Raran Society. This model develop-
ed at the Institute is based on a theory of societies which embrace "micro-states"
which are a distinct form of "developing" nation in their limited land area, popula-
tions and resources. (Raran is an Anglicization of the Yoruba word, "rara", which
means literally "dwarfed").
There is a growing consensus that traditional theories of social change are in-
appropriate tools for the realistic study of Caribbean societies (and other small
societies), which derives from the fact that these analyses are predicated on a set of
assumed responses developed in and imported from metropolitan situations that do
not obtain in diminutive island systems. Several studies undertaken previously at the
Institute speak to the hypothesis that small size has exerted a fundamental and de-
cisive influence on the historical gestation of Caribbean societies. It is the position
of the Institute that fresh concepts and a new framework seem crucial for incorpor-
ating the full implications of small-size-bias on all parameters affecting the socio-
economic structure of resource-scare, island-bound communities. The construction
of the "Raran" model is an initial step in this direction.
Three separate series of monographs are planned, the first to concentrate on
narrow disciplinary analyses of the basic historical, political, social, economic,
psycho-cultural, and politico-historical dimensions, and the third to define the region-
al varients of the basic model throughout the Caribbean basin.
The Unit developed an Ethnic Heritage Studies Program designed to develop an in-
depth analysis of the precisely heterogeneous character of Virgin Islands society,
including historical patterns and present configurations. The initial stage consists of
four separate but related research projects: "Ethnic Relations in the Danish Virgin
Islands from Emancipation to Transfer, 1849-1917" (Dr. Isaac Dookhan); "A
Structural Analysis of Macro-Social Disequilibrium in the United States Virgin
Islands" (Dr. Jerome L. McElroy); "The Influence of Attitudes, Values and Status
Interactions on Psycho-Social Perceptions in the U.S. Virgin Islands" (Dr. Maureen
Mary McCarthy); "The Establishment and Analysis of Oral History Archives of the
U.S. Virgin Islands" (Professor Marilyn F. Krigger).
While the Institute was unfortunate in not being able to obtain federal funding
for the 5-year program originally designed ($75,000 was requested), preliminary
efforts to carry the program forward were initiated with the support of the Consort-
ium on Research Training (CORT) mini-grants. The following research proposals
were funded by CORT: "A Survey of Caribbean Heritage on the Island of St. Croix"
Professor Christian L. Juliard) and "The Influence of Attitudes, Values and Status
Interactions on Psycho-Social Perceptions in the U.S. Virgin Islands" (Dr. Maureen
An initial examination of the American Virgin Islands political model in terms
of its appropriateness to a small, pluralistic island society commenced in the final
quarter of 1974. This research is a preliminary effort to test the industrial democratic
model of government in the islands, seeking to determine whether an industrial
democracy, most successful in rather large, homogeneous societies, fits the varie-
gated ethnic configuration of the Virgin Islands. Professor Felix Igwemadu is pur-
suing this analysis; which, hopefully, will result in the publishing of a monograph.
In the economic area, Dr. McElroy, coordinator of the Unit, prepared for the V.I.
Planning Office, an in-depth economic report on the Virgin Islands, which is re-
garded as a significant contribution to the planning process. The spin-offs from this
initial document include several ongoing projects. These include the building up of a
data bank on social, economic, and demographic indicators; the development of a
new method for estimating Gross National Product in small territories; a theo-
retical analysis of internal sources of inflation in "raran" systems; and empirical
overview of the V.I. tax structure. This last project was presented to the CVI-spon-
sored Pre-Legislative Conference in December of 1974 and will appear in the pro-
ceedings. In addition, a preliminary paper exploring the effects of inter-national
tourism on the small island environment will appear in the Caribbean Educational
Bulletin in March, 1975. The Socio-Economic Research Unit is also cooperatingwith
the Water Resources Research Center on an economical analysis of the long-run wat-
or needs for the islands entitled, "Pricing Policies, Cost Allocation, & Demand in the
Public Water Supply, U.S. Virgin Islands."
The Socio-Economic Research Committee was appointed, the membership being
representative of College and community interest as the other consultative com-
mittees. The group is participating in the planning for a conference on the Virgin
Islands Economy to be held during the second half of 1975.
Members of the Socio-Economic
Research Committee ponder the
planning of a Conference on the "
Virgin Islands Economy.
Education Research Unit
The Education Unit, the organization of which is still incomplete, is predicated on
the thesis that if the college of the Virgin Islands--the only institution of higher
education--is to assert its leadership in the quest for solutions to Virgin Islands prob-
lems. education (the most important single factor in sustaining and perpetuating a
democracy) must be an area in which aggressive and concentrated research efforts
Dr. Pearl Varlack, a former Institute researcher and at present Assistant Prof-
essor of Education and Chairman, Division of Teacher Education, was appointed a
Research Associate on June 1, 1974 on a short-term basis to assist in preparation of a
research program designed to achieve the following initial goals:
(1) an analytic description of existing needs, facilities, programs, etc. in
specified areas, the results to be disseminated as widely as necessary
in order to increase the potential of agencies and individuals con-
cerned with education to initiate or carry out improved planning
(2) the conduct of fundamental and methodological research on the
learning and developmental process of children that are relevant to a
Caribbean society. (CRI's working philosophy will he that models,
methods and approaches devised for a North American milieu do not
necessarily suit the children and institutions of small-island com-
munities; while there might be much that can be transferred in toto
from larger and different societies, such transference should follow
scientific investigation with a view towards the development of
practices, subject matter and approaches that are most suitable for
the Virgin Islands within the context of efficiency, utilitarianism and
Dr. Varlack, who now holds appointment as a Senior Research Fellow, offered
to serve on a voluntary basis as interim coordinator of the Unit, but little can be
done until staff is recruited. In the meantime, however, the Unit undertook with
part-time assistance evaluation of Title III Programs funded at the College for fiscal
Falling under the areas of the Education Unit are the following proposals
funded by the Consortium on Research Training (CORT):
"An Investigation of St. Thomas Teachers' Reactions to St. Thomas Dialect
Versus Standard English" (Dr. Dirk Messelaar); "The Play and Games of PreSchool
and Early Elementary Children in the U.S. Virgin Islands" (Dr. Henry Heald and
Dr. Sally Fechtmeyer); "Educational Development in the British Virgin Islands;
A Theoretical Analysis" (Dr. Pearl Varlack); and "Historical Resources Pertinent to
the V.I. Language Situation" (Dr. Gilbert Sprauve).
In the past ten years the story of CRI has been one that is familiar and common
to most institutions of its kind--light and shadow, trial and error, success and failure.
And even though many have asked whether the benefits have been worth the cost
those who have worked with the Institute have in different ways believed in its
The present staff of the Institute see the immediate need for another "take-off"
in a not-too-different light from the last report which summarized its situation in
1967. In order that the Institute may live up to its potential in the next decade:
(1) it must become in fact, the research arm of the College. This will
mean that in addition to funded research it must undertake
"in-house" research and coordinate the research efforts of the
(ii) research priorities must be determined by College/community
cooperation and funding sought to meet the felt needs. In addi-
tion to such federal and foundation funding as may become available
there is reason to believe that backing for specific needs can be ob-
tained from the Legislature, government agencies, and the private
(iii) college faculty must be associated with the Institute on a "joint-
(iii) students must be involved in Institute activities;
(v) it must be adequately staffed to perform its functions.
The rationale has perhaps been stated by the Director of the Institute in another
connection when he said:
We live in a kind of society (classified among the so-called "developing"
countries) which is circumscribed by ecological, socio-economic and
psycho-cultural constraints which are likely to make it impossible for
it to "catch up" and attain the status of "developed" in the generally
accepted meaning of the concept. But these societies seem to have the
potential to evolve a distinctive identity by a recognition of their limit-
ations, a re-ordering of their priorities, and a redesigning and restructur-
ing of their institutions. There is evidence to suggest that we often make
assumptions about it that are wrong and, therefore, draw wrong con-
clusions; and it may well be that, for a thorough understanding of what
we are and where we are going, new theories and concepts may prove
desirable tools for analysis.
The College of the Virgin Islands in its mission of teaching and research, must
become a leader in the quest for solutions. We have already demonstrated a recog-
nition of a duty to investigate our own environment, but there remains much to be
done before the Institute becomes in reality the research arm of the College and tlie
principal research agency of the Government of the Virgin Islands goals that it must
attain if it is to serve a function beyond the academic divisions.
CRI ORGANIZATION CHART
Office of the Director
Public Affairs Programs
Community Research Center
Research Unit Research Unit
Office of the Director
Dr. Norwell Harrigan, Director
Ms. Beverly Bandler, Programs Coordinator
Ms. Marilyn Nibbs, Office Supervisor/Bkpr.
Ms. Elena Lynton, Secretary to the Director
Ms. Thamina Shalhout, Projects Assistant
Ms. Janice Francis, Secretary
Mr. Elvin Fahie, Supply & Services Clerk
WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER
Dr. Wesley Nelson, Director
ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH STATION
Mr. Llewellyn Sewer, Resident Manager
Mr. Oliva Christian, Laboratory Technican
Mr. Robert Fleming, Maintenance/Plant
Mr. Charles Harrigan, Maintenance/Grounds
COMMUNITY RESEARCH CENTER
Socio-Economic Research Unit
Dr. Jerome McElroy, Asst. Professor of
Economics, C.V.I., Senior Research Assoc.
Dr. Felix Igwemadu, Asst. Professor of
African Studies, Research Fellow
Mr. Christopher Howell, University of
Florida, Research Affiliate
Mr. Joseph Caines, Student, CVI,
Educational Research Unit
Dr. Pearl I. Varlack, Chairman, Div. of
Teacher Education, College of the
Virgin Islands, Senior Research Asst.
FORMER STAFF MEMBERS
Dr. John B. Adams, Mr. Alan B. Albright, Mr. 0.
Marcus Buchanan, Mr. Robert W. Brody, Dr. A.
E. Dammann, Mr. David I. Grigg, Mr. Mahamad
Hanif, Mr. Jean D. Larsen, Dr. David L. Olsen,
Dr. Edward L. Towle, Mr. Robert van Eepoel.
Mr. Krisen Buros
Dr. James Dougherty
Mr. Thomas Drake
Mr. Pedrito Francois
Mr. Rudolph Galiber
Ms. Helen Gjessing
Dr. Norwell Harrigan, Chairman
Mr. Oscar Henry
Mr. Robert Mathes
Dr. Wesley Nelson
Mr. Royal B. Newman
Dr. Fenton Sands
Dr. Aimery Caron
Mr. Cedric Charles
Dr. A.E. Dammann
Mr. Frederick C. Gjessing
Dr. Norwell Harrigan, Chairman
Mr. Dennis Huffman
Mr. Euan McFarlane
Dr. Frank Mills
Senator Noble Samuel
Comm. Gwendolyn Blake
Rev. Canon Julian Clarke
Senator Eric Dawson
Ms. Elizabeth Deutermann
Mr. Richard L. Erb
Mr. Phillip A. Gerard
Dr. Norwell Harrigan, Chairman
Mr. Valdemar Hill, Sr.
Mr. I. Nevin Palley
Mr. William Roebuck
Mr. Edward Wilms
Mr. Calvin Wheatley
Sby UVI Library
/ UVI ILibraryI Library, cUS
Li r Date
Validity 2002 07 07
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