Title: Rowley, John to his Parents, January 30, 1863- Fernandina, Fla. (1 sheet, 4 leaves)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00096094/00002
 Material Information
Title: Rowley, John to his Parents, January 30, 1863- Fernandina, Fla. (1 sheet, 4 leaves)
Physical Description: Transcript
Creator: Rowley, John
Publication Date: January 30, 1863
Subject: Civil War
Spatial Coverage: United States of America -- Florida -- Fernandina
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00096094
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: Misc2


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In Camp, Fernandina, Fla. Jan. 30th 1863

Dear Parents

I wrote to you soon after our arrival here but was not acqu[a]inted enough with the place
and our object here to give much of a description. Our Col. [Colonel] as post commander
has his Head Quarters in the celebrated Senator Daiv Ulee's [David Levy Yulee's] house
whoos [sic] name has been conspic[u]ous in the Confederate States. An old resident of
this place tells me that as long ago as 1848 Ulee made a speech in which he said after
speaking six hours in behalf of the Union (as he was then a Union man) "People of the
State of Florida, Stick to the old Government by all means as it is our only safety." His
house is a large old fashioned one painted yellow situated in the centre of the town, not a
fruit or a shade tree and but few residences in town but what have better taste and
location. Gen. Finegan's [General Joseph Finegan's] residence is situated on an
emminance [eminence] that commands a view of the whole town and island. It is a large
3 story building with verandas at each floor and an observatory on the top which makes it
a very sightly place; directly south of the house is a large Indian mound, perfect in shape,
and is supposed to have been there many years; from the observatory can be seen a
species of Maratello [Martello] Tower on Cumberland Island built of oyster shells and
resembles the one on Tybee Island. The rebels had sand batteries with guns in them
instead of the fort to protect the entrance. There was 30 for one two and four guns but
not near all were filled. The Planter and John Addams [John Adams] a ferry boat have
been reconnoitering up the St. Mary's river. They captured 6 guerillas. A portion of the
negro Brig. [brigade] were all the troops that were there: a captain of a cavalry company
was master of some of them and was immediately killed. They hated to have the negroes
guard them so they would not eat anything for 36 hours when they eat a very little. One
beg[g]ed of them to shoot him rather than have negroes guard him. The chapla[i]n has
come for the mail. We are well.

John L. Rowley E 7 C V [Company E, 7th Connecticut Volunteers]
Port Royal, SC

Addressed to Elias Rowley, Winsted, Ct.

Transcribed by Anna Bjornsson, University of Florida, 2008 and Nicole Milano,
University of Florida, 2009.

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