-Ribera slide-tape presentation as is 10/15/85
1. A Dutch printer in 1671 imagined that St. Augustine was a busy
port, with high steepled churches, and mountains nearby.
2. But a spanish resident a century earlier saw the town as it really
was; a rough frontier foothold for the Spanish Empire on the
North American coast.
3. Pedro Menendez de Aviles founded St. Augustine in 1565 as a base
from which to conquer and settle Florida
4. and by the end of the 1600s, Spain's influence had spread from
here to Tallahassee.
5. The English colonists who began to settle in North America much
later attacked Florida by land and by sea.
S 6. In 1672, Spain found the money to build a permanent stone fort,
the Castillo de San Marcos.
7. It was the only structure to survive a seige by the English in
8. The marauders also wrecked the native towns of the interior,
enslaving the christian Indians
9. and wiping out the rich cattle ranches.
10. In the early 18th century, St. Augustine and Pensacola were all
that was left of Spanish Florida.
11. With a new seawall and defense works, life here became more
12. Colonists on the Florida frontier were skilled at adapting
themselves to the environment.
13. For food they relied heavily on local sources, their gardens
14. their citrus trees
15. the tidal marshes
16. and the game that friendly Indians brought to sell.
17. They built their homes of local material, including coquina,
a shellstone quarried on Anastasia Island,
18. and tabby, a kind of oyster shell concrete.
19. Windowless north walls shielded the inhabitants from prevailing
20. and open porches gave them a shady outdoor space for summer living.
Since Spain's soldiers married Indians, homelife showed the
influence of native customs,
21. yards were swept
22. oysters were gathered and shucked
23. corn was pounded into meal
_2-24. and herbs were used for medicines as they had been for centuries.
25. Free blacks had their own community at Ft. Mose north of town.
26. As a garrison town, St. Augustine had always received military
supplies and provisions
27. during times of scarcity in the 18th century, the Spanish turned
to contraband trade
28. English merchandise, though usually illegal, became available in
n 29. and privateers were a common sight in town.
30. What was life like for the Spanish colonists here in the
1740's and 1750's?
31. How did St. Augustine change after they left?
32. Step back into the past in our 18th century neighborhood where
guides in period dress recreate the daily life and crafts of
Spanish St. Augustine.
33. Those of you that have bought your tickets can begin your tour
across the street in the Gallegos House.
34. From there your path will lead through the yards,
36. and shops of a unique colonial community.
37. We invite those of you that haven't purchased your tickets yet
to do so at our ticket booth.
38. Bienvenidos, welcome to St. Augustine.
29.. (CHANGE PRIVATEER PICTURE ONLY)
30 WHAT WHAT WAS LIFE LIKE IN 18TH CENTURY
SPANISH ST. AUGUSTINE?
31. HOW DID THE SPANIARDS LIFE HERE
DIFFER FROM YOUR LIFE TODAY?
32. STEP BACK INTO THE PAST IN OUR
RESTORED NEIGHBORHOOD OF THE 1740S
WHERE GUIDES IN PERIOD DRESS RECREATE
FOR YOU THE DAILY LIFE AND CRAFTS 01F
FRONTIER COLONIAL FLORIDA
33.. TICKETS ARE AVAILABLE AND TOURS BEGIN
ACROSS THE STREET AT THE SALLEGOS HOUSE -
34., FROM THERE YOUR PATH WILL LEAD
THROUGH THE HOMES
36. AND SHOPS OF COLONIAL ST. AUGUSTINE
37. BIENVENIDOS, WELCOME TO SAN AGUSTIN
38. THE STATE OF FLORIDA'S LIVING HISTORY
ADVENTURE ON THE FIRST AMERICAN FRONTIER
*photographs required (not in files)
Cooking at Gallegos
Tourist pulling water
Trading in Gomez Store*
Gal legos entrance*
Inside Gallegoas hou..se
Men working in Gonz : ale z
garden with women workin::g.
on DeHita bench*
In taerpreters waving f ror
Ribera Balcony and below'-'.-
Pr i vateer shot
L : P