America's Swamp: The
Historical Everglades Project
at the University of Florida
National Historical Publications and
November 20, 2009
John R. Nemmers, Archivist
Department of Special and Area Studies Collections
University of Florida Smathers Libraries
"There are no other Everglades in the world. They are, they
have always been, one of the unique regions of the earth,
remote, never wholly known... It is a river of grass."
Marjory Stoneman Douglas, River of Grass
.- ... ..
"Drain that abominable, pestilence-ridden
- Governor Napoleon Bonaparte Broward of Florida
... ... ...
A Digitizing Historical Records Project
* 3 year project: 2009 2011, $72,650 funded by the
* Use cost-effective methods to digitize
approximately loo,ooo pages and 250 photos from
6 archival collections.
* Document the drainage, development, and
conservation of the Everglades in the late 19th and
early 20th centuries.
* Replicate the experience the researcher has if they
come to the Special Collections library
James E. Ingraham
Explorer of the Everglades
D. I A R Y.
Ft. Myera, Fla...March 14th, 1892.
Went into Camp Ho. 1, Maroh 14th.
The members of the expedition
named white preonas:
J. E. Ingraham,
J. W. Neman,
1W. R. Mosesa,
S. 0. Cboase
D. M. Baker,
A. Church, "
A. W. Clark,
O. E. Uatthiez,
W. E. Gradiok,
T. N. Sutton
J,. T Anderson
L. M. Anderson
S. L. Oaruthere,
T. C. Shepard
P. N. Handley
r. S. Minahin,
", M, Wilson
H, W. Lxuoky
oonalat of the following&
Orange Home, Fla.
Geneva, la .
Hawkinev ille, Georgia.
Lewisburg, West Virginia.
Fort myere, "
n a n
* 2,- ~ ... -.
.. '- '
hA ...... F
The following Orders were read aloud to thd members
of the ExpeOition:-
Maroh 14th, 1892.
Capt. John W. Newman is hereby place in
charge of this expedition. His orders must be obeyed
by all oa ceoted therewith. He will appoint heads of
the various departments*
Mr. W1. R. Moses is hereby appointed Secretary
of the expedition azn will preserve for future use the
records and all data aomulated during the trip, aid
officers and men will report daily to him all items of
interest or importance oonneoted with the trip. Infonra-
tion is desired regarding the soil, the growth thereon,
particularly anything unusual, and the adaptability of
the soil to the growth of sugar cane, rice, tobacco and
sisal hemp; also the tropical fruit.
J, E. IJ3graham,
.t 4 ... -
;rJ J-r*ll I
PY ~. ,,
*. i" ,
I... r.. 4C.. -h
Gov. Napoleon B. Broward
? r.; .
i~ ; * i "
I r" TIO
Gov. William Sherman Jennings
SI _,- "" I/ /// ?I,' /
Eile No. "0 "8.* S/.-/'.rhuly 18, 19806.
Hdn. W. a. .'nninos,
Ja SQonvllll, *Fl.
I received information yesterday thaher is an effort
V O foot, on the Part of the opp.osition to the drainage of the
SEvtglada, un&er on. of it. i ny hybrid heads, to obtain injamotion
in the U. S. Court a-ainst the further sale of lan~s, and aso against
/ j the farther proasontion of the drainage in say mann r.
It ritt t well for you to Trrage some my of getting
." *if' U-LLf information ban the first p pers "a filed In that Court, that
i '* you myar bae ble to appear before the Jude and insist that no tem-
orry injuntion be grated, and that no ha n o- to the
l* olai.mints from the drainage, and that if an injanotion is gran.tM,
R i I B 1 that a bond shall be reulir
That are sure to scornu, and therefor. the bond nast be oolleaotble.
In reply to yoer letter of J. 29th, on the aubj.et of
land sales, ill take it up with Fr. Zatin today.
With sinner. regRda,
Srour very truly.
EIV \ 4I
_r L- -,
i I i I
[ay Mann Jennings Pa pes, 1889-1963
ROYAL PALM STATE PARK
-P 0 HOMII.J It-.U. FLORIDA
III1 I) IA IM T I~IIk 11k I Ii P. I l'N~dJI R-7F)
Mu r.. I.,
'n- iro -I 1,f a'U- I-~ i'A IunFk ri atimin4 I I, I
1.-. I~ .wufv+ 4d kv-pii jIFUil'k liiil I. hb.m~ij ch It .*I ]In&-a, -d tm
-iiiirk 11L kiiw, 6am jmmi o it~ III
1,:1n r. AP-1 I- III I III1C L4 r.n r i
rr l-r r IL 1 -.11-F i J rI.6A I IIr
r Irrar-AliL2 -d dh* i-jwl.- tu m usiurail mji I- jnc, iI kot 1. 11- ~I; I
1, Wurf-c tt'- Tal V~ tll '1311 Pam A, I tir"Im, %61" 111 r
Thomas E. Will Papers, 1893-1938
Selection, preparation & EAD data ingested Digitization &
Conservation review into DLC Tracking database Quality Control
web servers & digital archiving
1. Pre-Imaging preparation includes Preservation assessment.
2. Descriptive information from existing finding aids is repurposed.
3. Digitization and quality control.
4. Publication online and archiving of digital masters.
Scanning historical documents.
* Digitize almost loo,ooo pages.
* Keep total project costs below $152,750.
* Revise the EAD finding aids for the 6 archival collections to include links
to the 99,690 digital objects.
* Create an educational module with at least 3 lesson plans and a guide to
related archival collections and secondary sources.
* Digitization of 99,690 pages requires an average of 3,116 pages per
* To date 26,661 pages have been scanned: an average of 3,555 pages per
* We have scanned 27% of total 99,690 pages.
So far, so good!
Project Home Page:
UF1 Gerge A S rather ibrariesUniversty of Forida Diital Colection
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F Include full text?
Thomas E. Will
May Mann Jennings
Arthur E. Morgan
James E. Ingraham
America's Swamp: the Historical Everglades Project
"There are no other Everglades in the world. They are, they have always been, one of the
unique regions of the earth, remote, never wholly known... They are unique also in the
simplicity, the diversity, the related harmony of the forms of life they enclose. The miracle
of the light pours over the green and brown expanse of saw grass and of water, shining
and slow-moving below, the grass and water that is the meaning and the central fact of the
Everglades of Florida. It is a river of grass."
- Marjory Stoneman Douglas
"Drain that abominable, pestilence-ridden swamp."
- Napoleon Bonaparte Broward
Amerca'& Swamp: the Historical Everglades Project includes the University of Florida's
most important historical record collections documenting the despoiling of the Everglades
and the development of South Florida in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, through
funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This
thrht wPar nrnmi~~t hpninninnr in )9lfln will iuse r'nt-Pffp~tivP mthnrld tn rlinitize
. l ll_ ,t 1 iL benin -l l inI 2009 wl u costL-effectliv ethoId t ll d iLtLi
* 5 newsletter articles (print and online).
* Paper presented at the American Society for Environmental History
annual conference, February 2009.
* Creation of a promotional literature (postcards, handouts).
* Listserv announcements.
* Direct communication with scholars and researchers.
fIickr f r -ao
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SAmerica's Swamp: the Historic Everglades
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America's Swamp: the Historic Everglades,
a new collection in the University of Florida