Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Group Title: defence of the Scots abdicating Darien including an answer to the Defence of the Scots settlement there
Title: A defence of the Scots abdicating Darien including an answer to the Defence of the Scots settlement there
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095876/00001
 Material Information
Title: A defence of the Scots abdicating Darien including an answer to the Defence of the Scots settlement there
Physical Description: 10 p. l., 168 (i. e. 83) p. : ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Harris, Walter
Donor: unknown ( endowment ) ( endowment ) ( endowment )
Publisher: Printed in the year
Place of Publication: Edinburgh?
Publication Date: 1700
Copyright Date: 1700
Subject: New Caledonia (Colony)   ( lcsh )
History -- Sources -- Panama   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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Bibliographic ID: UF00095876
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000907668
notis - AEL6814
lccn - 01027654

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Front Matter 3
        Front Matter 4
        Front Matter 5
        Front Matter 6
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
        Dedication 1
        Dedication 2
        Dedication 3
        Dedication 4
        Dedication 5
        Dedication 6
        Dedication 7
        Dedication 8
        Dedication 9
        Dedication 10
        Dedication 11
        Dedication 12
        Dedication 13
        Dedication 14
        Dedication 15
        Dedication 16
        Dedication 17
        Dedication 18
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    Back Matter
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Full Text










Including An
Scots SETTLEMENT there.
Author BRITAN N O fd Dunenil
Vitaret cdxubm Phaetonfi viveret & quos,
Optaret frulte Tangere nollct eC'KOs.
Oil deTrift.
Printed in the Year, 1700.,

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Right Worfhipful,

T ,H E

Scots African and Indian Company;

The DEFENCE of the
Scots Abdicating of DARIE N,
I s

Right Worfhipful G NTLE MEN,
T HE immense Priviledges and Immu-
nities, wherewith your present Sove-
reign, and indulgent Father, W L L AN the
Second, hath invested your Company, by that
OEtroy of the Tear, 1695, argues his good
Inclinations towards you Jo far, that w/hil~
he was in the warmeWt Trenches of Namure,
(and not Cure but that ACS might be his lajf
Legacy) authorized you and your Succeffors to
Plant, and maintain Colonies in whatever Part,
A or


To the

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
or Parts of Afia, Affrica and America you
pleased, provided thefe Places or Territories
were not the Propriety of fuch European
Princes or Stites, as were in Alliance or A-
mity ith Hi, MajeJy ; and freed you for
the Sp.ice of Twenty One Tears, from all Du-
ties on the Prodduf of fuch Plantations, &c.
Tou vwre'not only impowver'd to defend your
Colonies and Trade by Force of Arms, but
likewife had His Majefly's Promife to in-
terpofe. the Regal Authority, to do you Right,
in cafe you were :7. .5'd in fuch Legal
Poffefflon ,or Trade, and that at 'the pub-
lick Charge (to be prefum d) of the Ancient
k(ingdom. ,
His Majefly having thas granted you fo
large and glorious a Patent, not to be para-
lell'd bf that of any CompIany or Society in the
Vniverfe; much left by any of his Royal An-
ceflors, your Native. or 'Vnforegn Kings;
both the present and after Ages, :'.il expect
that the fame Jbould be tranfijitted ,'y you,
the present Direc7ors, toyour Succeffirs, with-
out any .Stain or Blemijh that may incur the
Hazard of a Forfeiture : And that by your
Management, your Children may reap the Be-
nefits ofit, with thefame, if not with more Ad-
vant ages,


The Epiile Dedicatory.
Thi emboldens the Author (who was the
ftflt Perfon employed in your Service for your
Foreign Expedition, and the frfl who left it)
lto lay the. following Sheets at your Feet. And
k'e'takes upon him to put you in Mind, that if
yeu had not miapply'd the Money intrufled to
your Management (the Want whereof is f6 much
felt -at Home by the great Number of needy
Perfons, who expected their Dividends before
now.) And if you had lifle~'d to the whole-
fome Advice of Mr. Douglafs, an eminent
and experienced Man in India, who offr'd
himflf for your Pilot, and his Subflance for
your Security, which was more than the Three
beft Shares in your Capital Stock; and had
not been bewitch'd to the Golden Dreams ofPa-
terfon the Pedlar, Tub-preacher, and at laft
Whimsical Projefor ; you might e'er now have
been poffeft of a good Colony in India,, where
no Body could diflurb you: And not have run
on an Airy Project, which (altho' you shouldd
have metv'with an Oppofition from the Spani-
ard) four times your Capital Stock could not
have brought to any reasonable Pitch of An-
fwering the End. And had you been Maifers
of fo mucl Management and Temper, as to have
Sv'd that Fifty Thou/and Pounds, which you
fquap.'der'd away on thofe Six Hulks you built
at Axnfterdain and Hamburgh, purely to
make a Noife there of your Proceedings, where-

The Epiftle Dedicatory _
by you thought to decoy the innocent Dutch
Men, or at lea/I their Gelt, into your Net
and had therewith bought a Couple of Second-
hand Ships in the River 'of Thames, and
ditfatch'd them to India with a suitable Cargoe,
(not of Scotch Cloth, Slippers, Periwigs and
Bibles) you might have had fuch Returns.e'er
now, as would have buoy'd you up fo far above
Water, as you needed not proclaim to the fmi-
ling World fo many public Ropings of the
Shares of your Capital Stock.

Sed quos Deus or Jupiter perdere
vult eos dementat.

If you were thtu perfwaded to run head,
long on a blind Projea, at which the Trading
Part of the W world fand amazed; the India
Companies of England and Holland laugh at
in their Sleeve, and the refl of Mankind ad-
mire, that People in their right Senfes should
be guilty of : And if the fame fiould micarry
by your own ill Management (to fay no worfe
don't) 'tis not fair you Jhould fnarle at your
Neighbors, who have no other hand in your
Misfortune, than that they would not be acceffary
to any Aa, which the World might judge Feloni-
ous ; and wherein they could not join without
engaging themselves in an unreajbnable War,

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
and in the End to afflfl you with Weapons, to
break their own Heads.
; WI L L I A M the Second, who, v you fay,
in" a. untainted Line, is the li 2th King that
hath tore your Regal Diadem, has wrought and
fought fufficiently for the Gift, your Nation
prudently thought their Intereft to make him.
Or admit it should be true, that there was no
private Interefl co.njuited by thofe generous Do-
nators, yet it is obvious to the World, that by
being Subjets' of the King of Great. Britain,
you are not only Jhaded from the Infults of all
Nations, but by the Authority of your Britifh
Sovereign, you are freed from the daily Feuds,
and bloody little Wars, which, before the Vni-
on, for a Tracl of Time, not lefs than 900o
Tears, were continually raging amongft your
felves ; which unnatural' Maffacres your Na-
tive Princes were fo unable to fupprefs, that
when the contending Clans or Parties were
glutted with one another Blood, and defir'd
the Benefit of the Princely Mediation ; thofe
were pleased to accept of the Ofice of Um-
pires, in Patching up the Feuds, till fuch
time as the young Fry .came of 'Age, to
fight it out. Thefe Barbarities have been quite
turned out of Doors fince the Vnion, and they
are now, either almofl or altogether forgot ;
neither are they to be reviv'd, un/efs it. be by

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
this fo-much-wijb'd-for Separation of Three do
Four Months Date. Tour People now enjoy the
Bleflngs of Heaven, and ProduE of the Earth,
and Ocean without any interruption ; and where-
as formerly they liv'd on the Mountains, and
under the Shelter of fowe flrong Rocks or
Caffles, they are now come down to the Plains,
and can fleep found in Beds, without the leaft
Apprehenfion of Blood and Rapine. And to
Crown your Felicity, you have now a free En-
joyment of the Gofpel, in the Fullefs and Pu-
iity thereof, which has ever been reckoned the
chief Care and Blefi]ng of all Political Bodies.
Tou are at Liberty to fay your Prayers, either
in Form, or out of Form, which you pleafe,
without any Dread of Sophifical Impofitions
by Romijf or Malignant Priejis. And now you
praise your Maker. in lately Churches, whereas,
formerly thefe gallant Men, your Anceflors,
were obliged to offer on fuch Altars am Jacob
made, and to whifper their Prayers or Carrols
through the Cliffs of the Mountains, or the
Chimney of fome Houfe, whofe Wall was fome
Twelve or Fourteen Foot thick. All thefe
Bleffings you owe to Heaven, and the Britifh
Monarchy, whatever fome vitiated and de-
prav'd Palates perfwade you to the Contrary.


The Epiftle Dedicatory.
The mask'd Champion of your Company,
whofe Tongue is much teo big fbr his Mouth,. is
in Pain because he cannot Juprt out all his Ve-.
nom at one Blaf. However reasonable it be,
that the Gentleman's Zeal should atone for his
want of Power, yet I mujt acquaint you, that
his Quarrel with the Englifh Nation is as un.
juft and groundlefs, as your Settling a Colony in
another Man's Dominions; unless by Virtue of
your Presbyterian Tenent, viz. of Dominions
being .founded in Grace, you who are the
Prefumptive Elecr pretend a Divine Right: to
.the Goods of the Wicked, and fo take upon
-you to cloath the Sqven Councellors of your
Colony with fuch another Commi&fon, as God
gave the Hebrews when they departed out of
I have no Inclination to offer any Thing in
Opposition to the Gallantry of your Ancejiors,
who took fo much Care to keep themselves in-
dependent of another Nation. And altho' I
pretend to know the Thread of the Scotifh
and Britifh Story full ais well as the Author
of the Defence, yet out of RefpeC to the Counn.
try where I drew my fir/Z Breath (tho' I on'e
it nothing elfe) I will offer nothing to the Pre
judice of it's Ancient Fame: But if I point
at fome Errata's of this Author, I do it purFel
to reconcile Mifakes, and to make. a Diftincli-
v betwixt. the .Scotch Company, a nd Scots
B Na.

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
Nation ; I being fo much the Latter's Friend,
ts to wifh them not to embrak in fo rot-
ten a Bottom as this of your Company, un-
til you are on an honefier Footing than you
appear to be at present, that the Honour ofthe
Ancient Kingdom mayn't be fully'd with fb no-
torious a Miffake. I Jhall only fay in Anfwer
to this Paragraph, that altho' your Anceftors
were never paring of their Blood in defending
their Country, nay, oftimes in making Reprizal
when they could conveniently ; yet I muf put you
in mind, that they were far better pleas'd with
enjoying themselves in their old Caledonian
Mountains, than you are now with both Hills
and Plains: And I dare fay, they had fuch a
Value for their Native .Blood, that they would
not have been guilty of fending fo many inno-
cent and worthy Gentlemen (like Sheep to the
Slaughter, or Spanifh Mines) fo far from
Home on fuch an April Errand.

'Tis both hard and unaccountable that this
Gentleman,' who fets up for your Champion,
should ufe the Englifh Nation fo familiarly,
and take fuch Liberty, not only of frightening
them into an Ague, but to Bully a great Gene-
ral, who was never hitherto known to be daunt-
ed by more formidable Giants, than the Qpix-
ots of your Company. He, honefl Gentleman,
mean'd no Harm at the Granting of the O&-
roy; for, 'tir to be believed, that he could
t farce

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
scarce hear what was whif~er'd to him for the
Noife of the Namure Guns. And as for
this Project ofyours to Darien, I dare be pofi-
tive, that he knew nothing of the Matter till
it was Five or Six .Months done ; and then he
had it from other Hands.

If your Colony has left Darien for Reafons
not as yet public to the IWorld, 'tis your Fault,
Right Worfhipful Gentlemen, in underta-
king to manage a Proje't you fo little under food.
and not of the Englifh Nation, whofe Intere/t
it is to advance and preserve their own Colonies,
and to keep them from being rendered defolate by
the Clandefline Artifices of yours, who indufiri-
vufly and tacitely spread their Declarations over
a41 the Englith I!lands and Plantations, making
ufe ofthe ICng ofGreat Britain's Name, to give
the more Authority to the Thing: And by thefe
indirect Manifefto's, firch Profits, or rather
Plunders were insinuated; that if the Govern-
ment of England had not taken early Meafures
to prevent the ill Confequences, 'tis to be quefli-
on'd, whether the greatefI Part of the Englilh
Wcft-Indies had not e'er now quitted their Set-
tlements, and been decoy'd intoyour Co!ony, un-
der a Cover'd Notion, that you had a Patent
from the Iing, to pick a Quarrel with the Spa-
niard ; and to decide the Spoil of Mexico and
Peru among the Servants and Adventures of
the Company,
% B Ti

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
This Project and Settlement, you know, was
fo secretly carried on, that it was not known to
England, till the fame Wind that brought the
News likewise, informed the Nation, that the
Scots were marched over to Panama (the chief
City on the Ifthmus of Darien, and the Trea-
fury-Chamber of all the Spaniflh Riches on the
South-Sea) and had planted Eighty Guns a-
gainf it. Thefe Proceedings were enough to
flartle this Nation, who had heard of no War
vith Spain, and who hadno great Reaf, n to fuf-
fer their own Subjets to defert their Plantati-
ons, to advance the Scotch Colony in their own
Wrong. As for this Nation's entering into a
'War with the Spaniard, on the Score of your
Company, who befies their Lofs of Trade, muf
throw away more Englifh Pounds (thrice over)
than there's Scotch, in your Capital Stock:
I'll leave it to any Man of Half an Ounce of
Politics, to find out the Jef on t, fave this
Hot-headed Author of your Colony's Defence.

As for theft ridiculous and bgbear Stories,
which both you and your Champion infinuate,
viz. that if the Scots Jhould lofe, or be ex-
pell'd out of Darien, the French will cer-
tainly poffefs themselves of it. This Story is
fofar vain, that the French have another
Game to play at present with Spain; and if
they had any fuch Inclination that Way, they
know that CoaJi far better than the Scots,

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
and might have fecur'd Carthagena, when'
they had it in their Power, and a Legal Title
to it by their Arms in the Time of a declared
War: Which Fortification is as far before your
Fort St. Andrew, or any Thing that can be
made of it; as Dunkirk is before Deale-
Cafle. But fill, if France or Holland had
any fich Defign (as you would make the World
believe) why mayn't they fill go fit down with-
in a League of either Side of your Colony
with as good a Title as yours, fiance you wll
coop the Spaniard up within his Wall'd Towns
and Garrifons. But to leave this unneceffary
Difpute. --

And proceed to the oblique Threatnings
wherewith he frightens King William, to wit,
the Fate of thofe Mean-fpirited Princes, who
blemifh'd, and were unworthy to wear the Im-
perial Crown of your Nation ; I'll efpoupe His
Majefy's Caufe no further than to be confrm'd,
that he has been ill ferv'd by fome Perfons;
and I am of Opinion, : that he does not merit
one Half of this ill Language at their Hands,
Further, I dare fay o much in his Behalf, by
what has pafl already, that the Scots Crown
will receive no Blemizf or Difieputation by his
wearing of it; altho' he does not think it either
ft or jufi to Countenance an indirect Ataion of
any of his Subje s,

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
By the Beacons which your Author fets up
to fare him, to wit, of the Two Baliols of
James the Fift, and William the Firf ; any
fMan without the Help of Spectacles may plainly
perceive that he ficks at nothing to advance his
Caufe, either by wrefling or perverting the
Truth of the Hifory; by reafon there can be no
Parity in the Example, between the several
Cafes of thefe dead Iings, whom he now brings
on the Stage, and King William; nor is there
1y Colour of Allufion to introduce them here for
Scare-crows. For the Truth of the Story runs
thus: After the Death of Alexander the Third,
Ten or a Dozen far-fetched Relations of the
Royal Family landing Competitors for the
Scots Crown, it was agreed on by the different
Parties (to prevent the Ejfufion of Blood) that
the Trial of their several Claims should be re-
ferr'd to Edward the Fir f of England. Ed-
ward accepting the Office came to Berwick,
then a Scots Town, where, after a long time
fpent in canvaffing the several Titles, he found
Bruce, Baliol, and Cummin land fairefl
for it. To make a long Tale fort, he now
found it in his Power to accomplish that which
his Predeceffors fruggl'd for, for fome Hun-
dred Tears before, to wit, a Submiffon of the
Scots Crown to that of England.' He felt
Bruce's Pulfe, but. it did not beat to his Mind;
then he founded Baliol, who had more Englifh
Blood in him by half than Scotch, who eafily

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
condescended to his .Terms. Edward declares
John Baliol, King of the Scots ; and the
Scots Nobility having fwQre Allegiance to him
in his Prefence, proceeded to his Coronation.
That being over, the new Scots King, with
his Nobility, came to King Edward, to thank
him for his Civility at Newcaftle ; where ha-
ving been #flendidly regaled for fome time, and
the Englifh King being to fet out for London,
John Baliol, with his Train of Nobles came
in a full Body to kifs his Royal Fif ; where on
a fuddain, King Baliol claps down on his
Kljee, and fwore Fealty to Edward as his So-
vereign Lord, and to hold the Scots Crown
for ever, of him and his Succeffors, Kings of
England. Baliol having ended this Ceremo-
ny, pointed to his Subjeits to follow his Ex-
ample; which being needles to dispute on that
Ground, no Body flumbl'd at it, Jave a peevifb
Old Gentleman, by Name Douglafs, Iwho was
Caged up for the Remainder of his Life, for
want of good Manners. Baliol and his No-
bility marched home to Scotland, as cheerfully
as Half a Dozen Citizens Wives return to
their Husbands,. after they have been decoy'd
into a Ramble, and kifs'd by flrange Fellows ;
and they being all alike Scabby, made no Words
on't for fome Tears, and, perhaps, had not
then, if a rafJ Sentence had not been pafs'd
by Baliol in his own Court, in Prejudice of a
certain Thane or Earl ; who thinking himself

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
injur'd, appealed to Edward as. Sovereign
Lord: King Edward being willing to Jhow his
Grandeur, 'jummon'd Baliol up to London,'
and being heated on a Throne in his Court of
Judicature, his Fellow King had the Honour to
fet by him, till fuch time a. the Tryal came on,
and then he was oblig'd to ftep down to the Com-
mon-Bar, and Plead for himself. The Gentle-
man had gotfo much Scotch Blood in him, by
his Three Tears Government of that Kingdom,
that he 'f]omach'd. the Difgrace, and could not
tell how to digeft it, till he went Home and con.
fuiaed his Nobility, who were all alike tardy
with himfef : It was foon agreed on, to bid Ed-
ward Defance, declaring, That their K(ing and
they. were- only trick'd into their Submifflon by
his foul Artifice. Both Nations Arm'd, but
Edward 'got the Better on't ; for having over-
run Scotland, and. made them once or twice
fear heartily anew ; and having caught John
Baliol by, the Neck, would never afterwards
trufl him with fuch an Office; but kept him
Prifoner at London for many Tears, till at
the Intercefion .of the Pope and French King,
his Imprifonment was enlarged to France,
where he died a Quondam kCig.

Now, whether this Fate of John Baliol has
any Relation to what your Author defigns (fince
'tis plain, that Edward both made and unmade
him, and not the Scots) I refer it back to him-
fe f,

The Epiftle Dedicatory,
felfto reconcile. .4s for the other Baliol, Y
Name Edward, and Son to this John, he
finding that Robert Bruce was the Second
time dead, came from France to-England;
and, there having Edward the Third's Leave
to raife what Men he could, to feat himself on
his Father's Old Throne, found Voluntiers e-
nough (who were the Relations of thofe who
were foil'd at B4nnocksburn) and with thofe,
and afew of Iing Edward's Ships, he lands
in the Heart of Scotland, and fet young Da-
vid Bruce's Crown on his own Head, without
asking the Scots Leave; and kept it till D.,
vid, with the Affifance of his Father-in-Law
the French King, took it from him again.
Neither can I fee the Paralel in this with King
Willianm's Caf ; for Edward Baliol took the
Crown at his own Hand nolens volens,, where-
as Kjng William had it prefs'd upon his
Head by the unanimous Confent of the Scots
Nation. As for the other Twvo Examples of
James, and William the Fir F, what they did
while it was their Misfortune to be Prifoners i:
England, could not fland in Law ; neither did
I ever hear, that after their Freedom and Re-
flauration to their Dignities, their Scots S,,b-
jeFts did ever reckon it to them for Sin.
But a there's no great Advantage or Cretdit
to be purchased, by ripping up fuch old Sores,
fo I m willing to leave tracing this Gentle-

The Epifle Dedicato.rye
manr's Evidences, ..,4nd.,rhrther' take Thing':o-J
his own. Authority, h'an fdul Paper about i f
Meaan'riTle, Pl be .as. impertinent as he is with
bi) Earl of Strafford, and foe. others, and
acq~uint yo-u ivithth o hing that may be nearer
the Cafe.. It has beenabferv'd in Scotland, in the
Courft of feveralt4 es, thai it hath been ever fa-
tal to Families when they became f powerful a to
fjUcl beyond their Proportion : Witnes that of.,
the C immins, 'nRobert Bruce's 1eign, 'the
greateft 'that ever has been in Scotland : Wit-
nef that.'of the Gduries, of a at.ter Date .
.And if I fhpuld add that of a latter F-amit,
within the Reach of our Memoryj, which .miht.
have reafoinabl~ been reckon'd in the fame Clafs,
had it not been for the happy Accident of the
'Revo.ltion, I 'annot be far miftaken. I fay,
Fcft of thefe Gentlemen being too great for Sub-
jeas, loft themselves with Jearus in their
light: Some got red-hot Iron Croons, and o-
thers Halters; but that which was more Tra-
gical their whole Families and Dependants
were hung up like LHddocks to dry in the Sun,
thai they might never afterwards rife in Jfudg-
menlt. I heartily ivifb there may no fuch Ex-
azmses happen in our Age ; and that no fufpec7-
ed Perfos ft fo slofe to the Machine of your
Colo;y, znor wind up its Spring further than it
vill go, leaf it Jbould fnap, and the Ingineers
get o'er the Fingers Erid.

The Epiftle Dedicatory.
Being fenfible that I have trefpa.s'd in the
Epidemical Crime of my Fellov-Scribblers, by
fivelling my Dedication beyond its Proportion,
and, perhaps, faid more than fome Perf,,s care-
to hear ; I'll proceed to the Reafons, why the
Gentlemen of the Colony have dropt off by de-
grees; praying, that the fi e may fer4'e, if it
be true, that the whole Body has follow1'd their
Example ; as likewise, that you magint hang
thofe Two poor innocent Gentlemen, .iL. Mont-
gomry and Mr. Jollie, late C.. c.', of your
Colony, whom you have been pleased to find
Guilty of a Deeign, to dej;f Caledonia, 'and
run away with one of your Frigats. And, al-
tho' I cannot profefs my felf a Friend to your
Project, nor to your VWay of Mna7ingo of it ;
yet I declare, that the Projerity of Ancient
ICingdom, as likevife, that a true Senfe of your
MiJmanagement of that great Octroy, be deep-
ly ingrafted in every Scots Man's Heart, is the
hearty Wi,, and Prayer of

Right Worfhipful,






p REJUDICE being apt to byafs a
Man's Pen, the Pur-blind Pillars of
the Scotch Company will not flick
to taint me with it. That I mayn't de-
ceive you, I don't profefs my felf their
Friend, having the fame Reafon, or per-
haps more, as thofe Skelletons who have
narrowly efcap'd the Kingdom of Heaven,
and are ftarv'd to Death. Neverthelefs, I
declare, that I will curb my Sentiments fo
far, as to keep my felf clofe to the Mat-
ter of Faft, giving an impartial Account

of the Procednre of that Company, and of
the indireA Artifices they made ufe of, to
decoy a great many honeft Gehtlemen, and
other brave Fellows into their Service, and
how they left them in the Lurtch, exposed
to Famine, and the Spanijb Mines : And
if I deviate in any particular Paffage from
the Truth, I day. my felf fairly open to thW
fiercest Steel'd Pen of the Company, who,
no doubt, will endeavour to vindicate them,
and ftifle my Credit. All the Favour. I
ask, is, that 'they give me fair Play,. flick
clofe to the Subje&, and briiigbetter' Au-
thority for what they wpite, than what the
Author of the"Colony's Defence hath of-
fer'd, to -difprove the. Spaniards Title to
the Iflbhmfs of Ddrien, and to advance that
of the Scotch'Company.
Williamn Paterfon,. the Author of this.,Pro-
je&, and P.eman (as it it is flrewdly
guefs'd) of the Oifroy, care' from Scotland
in'his younger Years, with. a Pack on his.
Back, whereof tkre Print may be feen, if
he be alive;' having travell'd this Country
fome Years, he feared himself under the
Wing of- a warm Widow, iear Oxford ;
here finding that Preaching was aa eafier
Trade than his own, foon found himself
gifted with an Anadabs Spirit. -Prophets
being generally'defpis'd at Home, he went
on the Propoganda fide Accotiht to the Weit-

Idies, and was one of thofe ,who fettled
the Ifland of Providence a Second time':
But meeting fome.Hardfhips, and ill Luck
there, to wit, a Governour being imposed on
them by the King of England, which his
Confcience could not admit of, the Pro-
perty of their Conftitutions was altered,
gnd they could no longer a Free Port, or
.Sanauary for Buccaneers, Pyrates, and fuch
Vermin, who had moft need of being re-
claim'd into the Church: This Difappoint-
ment obliged Predicant Paterfon to flake the
Duft from off his Shooes, and leave that
Ifland under his Anathema. He returned to
Europe fome Twelve Years ago, with his
Head full of Projeas, having all the At-
chievements of Sir Henry Morgan, Batt. Sharp,
and the Buccaneers in his Budget: He en-
deavour'd to make a Market of his Ware
in Holland and Hamburgh, but without any
Succefs: He went afterwards to Berlin, o-
pen'd his Pack there, and had almost caught
the Eletor of j3randenburgh in his Noofe;
but that mifcarry'd too: He likcwie im-
parted the fame Projec td Mr. Secretary
Blathwvait, but Itill with the fame Succefs.
Meeting thus with fo many Difcourage-
ments in thefe several Countries, he let his
ProjeEt fleep for fome Years, and pitch'd his
Tent at London, where Matter is never want-
ing to exercise plodding Heads. His former

Wife being at reft as wells his Projea, he
wanted a Help that was meet for him, and
not being very nice, went no further than
the Red-fac'd Coffee-woman, a Widow in
Burchin-Lane, whom he afterwards carry'd
to the IfjhmMu of Darien; and at her firft
landing thruft her about Seven Foot under
Ground, to make the Pbfeffion defato of.
New Caledonia more authentic. While he
fojourn'd in London, he found Employment
for his Head; and like a true Quack, boggPd
at nothing that offered it felfto his Thought.
He was concerned in the Hampflead-Water ;
and had an original Hand in the Project of
the Bank of England; but being obliged (as
he fays himself) to communicate his
Thoughts to fome Eminent Men, who were
more able to carry it on, they bubbl'd him
out of the Premium, and the Glory of the
Project The Man thinking himself ill us'd
by the Managers of the Bank of England,
ftudy'd how to be up with them ; and in
Opposition to it, he applies himself to the
ProjeA of the Orphans Bank, where he was
afterwards sometime a DireALor, but that
miffing of the Wih'd-for-Aim, by reason
of the clipp'd Money, erc. and he meeting
with fome Difgrace there too,was refolv'd at
once to be even with the Body of the Nation.
Thus difcontented, and uneafie,,in his
Mind, he rous'd up his Darien Genius, and

having vampt it ifp withfome new Ligh he
\had purcllis'd by converfingwith D.ramif-'
he-maiches Bag and Baggage to :the A icient
Kingdom, where it met with fich Encou-
ragement at firft fight,- that YJohnflon's, or if
yI will, Trmdd.i';s At was viis & modiscon-
ceiv'd and born in a Trice. At this time;and
!f'o fome Months afterwards,. Paterfon had
it6re. Refpeft paid him, than His Majefty's
High Commiffioner ; and happy was he or
fle'ithat had the Favour of a QuarteP of an
Hours Converfation with this bleffed Man.
When he appeared in Publick, he look'd
With a Head bf full of Pr e~ and Care, as
if he had At*ls his Burthen on his Back; aind
if a Man had a Fancy to be reputed Wife, the
firft Step he was to make, was to mimick
Paterfon's Fi-:. Nay, fome Perfons had fuch
a Cohceit of the Miracles'he could perform,
that they began to talk of an Engine, to give
the Ifland a half Turn-round, and to fet the
Orkneys wherethelflands of Scill ftand.
But to proceed to the'Cream of the Story,
you are to uinderftand, that Efquire Paerjon
'(for at his Arrival in Scotland, he acquired or
affum'd an EngliJb Title) brought a Couple
of Tutors, or NurTes along with him, who
pafs'd for Partners in the Projea, tho' in Ef-
fea a Couple of fubtle Yoiiths, whofe Office'
was to put -Patefon's creud and indigefied
Notions into Fortii. One of thefe was a W4l-
loon by Birth, whofe native Name. was Le

Ser rtrier, and his Englifb one Jfmes Smith.
He was Matfer ofmoft of the European Lan-
guages, and particularly of the Englih. He
formerly ated as Secretary to the fam'd
Italian Prince, who put fo many Tricks on
the Hollanders, with his Philofophers Stone;
but at this Jundure he pafs'd for a confide-
rabl2 London Merchant. The others Name
was Daniel Lodge, born of Torkfhire Parents
in Leith, in Scotland, per Accident, bred a
Merchant in Holland, but cracked, and turn'd
to his Shifts in England. This was a pleasant,
facetious Fellow, knew the World exactly,
and aced his Part in this Tragi-Comedy to
a Miracle.
So much I have offered by way of Preli-
minary, that you may have a Glimpfe of
thefe dark Pillars, by which the Scotch Com-
pany was to be lighted down into the Spanif
or Darien Mines, and over that IfJhmus to the
Phillipin Iflands, California,China, and to Ya-
pan, if they could turn Dutch Men.
The Companies At being now touch'd
with the Royal Scepter, and for the more
Difpatch, pafs'd thro' the Seals per Saltam,
they were emnpower'd by Virtue of a necef-
Jary Claufe thereof, to take in Foreign Sub-
fcriptions to a leffer half of the Capital Stock;
to that the main Strefs of the Projea lay in
fingering this Money. The Three Projetors
frankly engag'd to ufe their Intereft with
their Corre pondents and Friends in England,

Hdaland, and in the Hans Towns,for 30000oo.
at leaft; in Confideration of which, and of
thK Acquifition, and in Token of their Gi-a-
titude for the Project, the Company was to
give the Triumvirate 20000 1. So to work
all Hands went.
There being three different Parties in Eng-
land jarring at that Time, about the India
Trade, and the Old Company having got the
Better don't, itwas eafie to draw a great many
of the Male-Contents into the Scotch Com-
panies Net; nay, the Subfcriptions came in
fo quick that he was the happieft Man that
could get his Name firft down in their Books:
For Paterjon preach'd up only an India Trade
here in Egl.sd, taking no Notice of DArien,
but to fome Sslef Heads that were able to
bear it; when once the Mony was in Scotl. they
knew how to difpofe of it. To be fort, they
had now more Money in their View than
they knew what to do withal, if the Houfe
of Commons had not baulk'd them, and re-
primanded the SubieCls of England for their
Foolery. The Companies Books were cary'd
Home with abundance of Secrecy and Care,
tho' they had asgcod left them behind, there
having been never a Groat of the Englijb Mo-
ney paid in as yet. The ProjeCors followed
them as the Sons of Levi did the Ark in old
Times; and when they came to Scotland, their
chief Bufinefs was to preach up the vaff Ad-
vantages which the Houfe of Commons fore-
D 2 faw

1. 8 .-
faw to ac'reu o the S:otch C6mpany andf Na-
.ion. by rhis l.;:dov and Trade, and to:,ack
their Sermons vwih.the greater Authority,
the Commons Addrefd to the King- was
"piinted and reprinted at Ed'(buigh (but not
h Syllable of the King's Anf~ier niention'd)
vhlicifcon frni'd the whole Country of.the
R. inches thev \ere like ro be flurei-ed \\ithby
this AL and Trade. To bh Ihor,. they came
in 4hoals from all Corners of the Kingdom
to E!ii,'n:r'Y,, Rich. Pcor, Elind!idnd Lame,
to lodge their Sublcripticns in the Coriipa-
inv's Houle,, and to have a Climpfe. of th
SMan P.::;ho.';- who fatisfy'd them asfaftas
they came, that akiho' they.fign'd uilch a Sum
t., Fa!fion's lake.to give the Coipanyinore
P'Reput cion Abrcad, yec ih-e QO'aruer Pa:t
Should only le demanded, there being .nog
Soccadfion for a:nyT: ; re.; and rtifa they could
not lie out of the Ufe of their .Money above
.8 AMonths, or 2. Years at mofi, which lib
.that rime, a.nd thl: Old Cai-t, of God's Blef-
lhg, would feLch good Returns,i: ind lige
Dividend- .. ::
:TJieComnipanies Eooks had not been long
opened i EdZn/burgh, before : 40oooeo. w as
fign'd (whenit-will be all paid in,, the Lord
of Ho!sh kIaows) and it.. now being -,.high.
t.. tinmetofilttheBooks here, and go where
the. one 'lay,' tow i-rthe -ccooo/. in.HMol-
S.ld.,a nd the H-I.w.-sT owns-,they ro'e ors were
.co:1idlted about it.. The Refult of which was,
,:: that

that they might not act precipitately in this
Affair, it was neceffary they ffhould make
fome real Show of their Refolution and For-
wardnefs, by fending a Couple of fit Perfons
over to Anfteidam and -Harmbrgh, to build
half Dozen of flout Ships of o5 Guns apiece;
that by laying out their. Money in the Dutch
Country, the Dutchen miight be prepoffefs'd
with a kind Opinion of the Company, and
thereby make it appear, how willing they
were to extend the warm Rays of their Oci-
roy, to People who deferv'd it better than
their ungreatiful Neighbours.
Some warm Debates happened on this Oc-
cafion, what Two Perfons fnould be cntruit-
ed with this mighty Affair, for by reason the
Kirk and Church-money was equally in the
Stock, both Parties cndeavour'd to imploy
their own Inftruments. There were federal
Meetings on this Affair, and it was at long-
run amicably concluded, that Alexander Ste-
venfin, late Kirk-Treafurer, or Kirk-War-
den of Ed.inbu:rgh, a Zealous and Long-grace
Sayer, and Capt.~ 'imes Gibfbn, Merchant and
Malignant cfU laJio, flionld be the Delegates.
The next material 'ihing that came in
Courfe was to lodge a Stock of Cain in Lon-
don to answer their Delegates neceffary Oc-
caflons abroad. The Sum agreed on was ei-
ther 18 or 20000/. but what Man to entrul':
with this Sum that was fed on Eng@li. Beef
and Puddin, was another Hefitation. The

[ ]
Oracle Paterfon being consulted herein fage-
ly responded, that his Brother Smith's Bu-
finefs requiring him to go and remain for
fome time at London, he expeaing fome
Ships home from Carolina and New-England,
wherein he had large Effe&s; he was ofO-
pinion, that they could not lodge it fafer than
in his Hands. Smith returns to London, and
having got the Gelt in his Sack, never broke
his Reft afterwards about the Projet. The
Company at the fame Time had filbitituted
Two other Cafhiers abroad, to wit, Mr.
Francis Stratford, Merchant, at Hamburgh,
(now Governour of that Company) and
Alexander Henderfon, alias ArchbiJop, at Am-
fterdam, who were to draw from Smith's
Bank, as the Delegates had Occafion.
This Walloon Banker,and Italian Secretary
anfwer'd the Bills punAually till a better
half of the Money was extraced; about
which Time finding the Company baulk'd
of the Hollands, as well as EngliJh Subfcrip-
tions,he thought itneceffary to hold his hand,
and was paflive in fuffering a Bill of 200 of
Stratford's drawn on him to be protected at
London. I fall leave him here for fome-
time, that I may bring the reft along with
me, and only tell you, that Smith now find-
ing himfelfMatter but of 8 5oo/. ofthe Com-
panies Cafh, and not fure that he fhoulde-
ver fee fo much of it again, and looking on
this as little more than his ,Quota for the Pro-

[ II ]
je& ard Subfcriptions (altho' the Latter hap-
pen'd to fail, not through any Fault or Neg-
le6 of him, but by the. Frowns of the
foufe of Commons in England, and Holland
by fome furly Dutch Men Proprietors in the
EaJl and Wefl-India Companies, and Lords
of Amfterdam) he thought the Premium
wrought for fufficiently, and that it was but
juft he*fhould pay himfelf, fince his Intenti-
on was as'honeft as if it had succeeded ; and if
he had any thing over his neat Share, it was
convenient to hold it faft to enable him to go
to Law the eafier with the Company.
The Company bit their Lips, but endea-
vour'd to keep it hufh for fome time, that
the World might not perceive how they were
defervedly bubbl'd. Smith knowing their
Circumfiances never went out of the Way for
x or 16 Months afterwards; and then being
fenfible that if once the Compan. Ships were
failed, there would be no great Occafion to
pay him any more Civilities to keep the Pro-
jet fecret, and consequently he muft expeEt
the Company would be on his Back. On thefe
Confiderations he was on the Wing for his own
Country, and was got fo far oil his Journey as
Cravefwnd, when as Luck would had it, he was
nabb'd with a c.apio re at the Companies Inftance.
Some of his own and Wife's Relations were in the
Coach with him, to fee him to Dover, when this
Accident happened: But he on this Occafion com-
pos'd himself with more Sedatenefs of Mind, than
M. Bonffliers did at Namure; and being unwilling
to part with the Money fo dearly earn'd, befpoke

Lodgings in the Marfhalfea, till on the late Revro
lution of that Sancluary, the. Marfhal and he went
offtogether on a new Project to Carolina.
Daniel Lo- e was at Edinb,,,rgh, when the firff
Bill was protefced, and had his Papers feiz'd and
carry'd to the Campa:ies Office, and a Couple of
Centuries fet over himfelf, but he being To;'rj re
Blood, Scorch born, and Dutch Ibred, it was not
eafie to fallen any Thing on him.
P.ate;jn was at I- bmu:h on the Embaffle when
he heard of the Misfortune of S&; or s Bill; but
ail the \Mends he could make, vwas to figh aud look
dull. Nevertheiefs it was obfervable, that altho'
Paterfon rail'd at Smith behind his Back, there was
never an ill Word between them when they met:
For you are to understand, that Sm;ith! was o:e of
the Companies Commifioners in.HolanandndHam-
burgh about the Time he fuffcr'd the Bill to be
protected in London.
SBut to reLurn to the getting out of this Embaffie;
Stevenfon and Gibon being for fome fime gone over
the Water to buiid Ships, and beat the Way for
Sublfriptions the next Step was to chure fit Per-
fons to follow and manage this Point. Five fuch
were appointed by Name of the Committee of Fo-'
reign Trade, who were cloath'd with an ample
ComniinTon from the Coraipauy, to take Subfcrip-
tions Abroad, to appoit Faccors, to control the
forefaid Two Legates, to provide Officers and Sea-
men -, and, ii a Word, to do what they thought
neceffary for the Company's Service. Paterjon and
S:.ith were the firft Two, --- a Scotch Merchant
of London the Third. The Laird of Gleneagles for
the Church, and Colonel John Erskin, Governour
of Sterling-Caifle, and Darling of the Kirk, made
up the Quorum, the laft Two being both Mvien of
Honour and Worth, but altogether Strangers to
Trade. Two

Two of thefe were ordered. to I lland
direly from Scotland, and Glneagies was
to pa[s' by Ldodon, where he was to do
fome bufinefs, and take Smith, and the
other in his way. Gleneagles having ar-
riv'dat London, and joyn.d with the other
two, article with me at Moncreifi Coffee-
houfe, inNovember, 1696. By the Arti-
cles four Contrac, I was to goin the
Company's Service from London to Am-i
Jtrdam, or liamburgh; from thence to6
Scotland, and from thence on a Trading
Voyage to either of the Indres, as tile
Company should appoint; and thence
back to Scotland. -I was at the fame time
made tacitly to believe that I was to go
to the Eaft Indies, and that the Ships
would fail next March at farthest, The
Encouragement (if had been candidly
dealt with, and honm:fily paid ifeem'd to
be fair enough in Merchants Service: So
having ordered my Affairs in E;gl1nd to
go to India, I went in Comp:iny of thefe
Gentleme-. to Am;/erdam, w here we arri-
ved about C/;r'/inwas folbi: i.g.
Here the whole Col mittee or Embaffy
met; where having view' : their Ships ini
that Port, to wit, one ot 46 Guns ready
built, and another of 60 on the Stocks,
they apply'd themselves to the bufinefs of
Subfcriptions. The Schemelaid down to'
E them

them was this ; Hencdrfon formerly menr
tion'd, a Scotch Man, Coffart a French
Ma, .--- an Englijb Man, and ---
a Ducth Man, all Merchants of Amfler-
dam, were to fubcribe 8o00 1. amongft
them ( Smiths -Summ ) and were to
draw in there Friends and Correfpondents
for as much as they could: In confidera-
tion whereof, thefe four were to be the
Company's Factors in Holland, and to have
2 per Cent. for what they bought and fobd.
This wa; eafily agreed to; and for their
further Encouragment, they were in-
velted likewise with the 2 per Cent. Com-
miffion of all the Money already laid out
by' Capt.GibJIf on the two Ships, Canvas,.
Sails, Cables, Anchors, Powder, Guns,&c.
in all above ioo000. which Properly was
Gitfo's right by his Commilion from the
Company. This was the firft honest ftep
they made by Vertue of their controuling
There new Dutch FaVors ply'd their
Friends all over Holland, who generally
for ibme Lime before were mightily taken
with the Scotch E1-.?/ India Trade, their
Exemption from Duries for 2 years,and
tickled with the ConceiE that they should
be Shares in it. But through .an ugly
accident : iichhappen'd in Camphire, at
Paterf(c.s anid the Collonels Landing, the

whole Mefs of the Companies Pottage
was in danger of being mifcook d. The
Story runs thus: Thefe Gentleiren had
a rough and tedious PafLge from Scot-
l4nd, and it teems the skipper had not
laid iq Provifions for his Pef-engers over
plentifully, which was the occai-on that
Paterfon at his landing in C .'.. (and
being welcomed and entertained by one
P anton, a Merchant there) t~afed more
freely of the Creature then he us'd to do;
(for he always fet up for a Water-biber )
which Panton perceiving.ply'd himi Warm-
lyj and took the Liberty cf pumping him.
Pa erfjn's Tongue running glib with the
Hollands Cannal Water on the Eloginv's
of ihe Oliroy, happened to babble out a
Secret of the Company, viz, hat their
A, empowered them to give Comwiffions to
any kind of People withoutut asking their
Nation) to Trade to the Indies under Scots
Colours; and thatfJch People m,;ht.difj)ife
of their India Goods where the!, pleas'd, pro-
vidingthey made af,.:1 Ertr" in Scotland.
And if the ('ompan y Ihullcid agre,: to take
3 Per Cei. for thc G'oIs fucti Ahips as
Traded with their Commiffion were able
to underfel the Engli/h and Dutch full 17
per Cent. Panton was glad of the New s,
& improved the Story amongfl- his Frienrds,
who defign'd to fign in the Companies
E BcoksI

[ 16 ]
Books ; and tT r- run now on this Conm
million for the 3 p.r Cent. finding it a-fafcr
way of Trading, then..by putting their
Money in the Companies bottom ; neither
would they of Z7ealand ever afterwards en-
ter on any other Terms. .
We were no fooner come to Amflerdam,
then we met with this Story freih in the
Coffee-houics there. It was too late fot Pa.
terfon to eat in his words ; fo that all the
Salvo we could make to dafhthe Story,
was by facing, that this was the Com-
panies fho'el Anchor,' if every thing elfe
should fail them ; but that they had ,no
occasion to make ufe of that Power at
present; northat Mr. Paterfon meant fo
when he fpoke it. But that which gave
us'the dead ,iroke in -,;'...'.,/, juft as the
Companies Bools were.opernd, the Eafl
and We~? .Inria Cio;mipanies run open
mouti'd co the Lor!s o0 l-4 ~7erda.M, fhew-
ing what Was h -tcii .; ::y the Scotch Com-
miffioners in their 'ity to ruine the
Trade 'oF the u.nit-ed P:ovinces.. The
Lor.s gave them Lt fbacion in the mat-
ter, .and made no ioife of it; for we
were m.i le t under lan.I in a day or two
afterward:., that our Subfcripti:ns were
dath'J, and none to be expeAed there.
On this occ~fion it was refolved in the
Committee that aterji, and the Col-

[ 17 3
onel should forthwith proceed to Ham-
Iurgh, to fee what could be be done there,
.the reft being to remain in Holland for
fome time, to give the lefs Umbrage to
the HTmhburgh ProjeQ. ,
The Hamburghers fwallow'd the bait to
a wiflh; for the more opposition the Eft-
glifh and Dutch offend to the proje&, con-
firm'd them the more'that it was their
Intereff to embrace it. :The River Elve,
on which HamImrgh flands, is Navigable
for flat bottom Barges of 70 or So Tuns,
for fbme 200 Miles up into the Country
of, Germany, which gives them an oppor-
tunity ..of ferving all the North parts of
that Empire with Goods more convenient-
ly then the HJollandtErs can: And as they
have, no Eajf India Goods but what they
have at, second hand from England and
Ho/land, or afew.from Denmark, by joyn-
ing now with the Scotch Company, they
have a profped of worming the Hollan-
der, out of a good part of the German
In .Parenthefi I muff own that this part
of the Project was Reafonable on both the
Scotch and .Hamburgber fide, if it had been
meant as it was told; but the Devil on't
was, the Hfamktrgers knew nothing of
DarieA, but builded. altogether on Ships
laden with India Goods, whencof their

[. i8 ]
City and Port was to be the Receptacle
and Mart; while Paterfon wanted only
their Money to raife Forces to over-run
Mexico and Peru.
The way being thus prepared by thefe
two Fore-runers, the body of the Com-
miteeceiv'd advice to repair thither at
fight, all things being ready for Signing
and Sealing. And I receiving orders to
accompany them, fet out from Amfter-
darm, after we had fpent three Mouths there
in vain; and arrived at Humlurgh on La-
dy-day, 1697. Our Affair was fo gene.
rally favour'd by the Burghers of this
City, that at our arrival we printed Pla-
caarts, and fix'd them on the Exchange,
and other public Places there, intimating
that the Companies Books were to be
opeu'd in the Commercie Iamber the week
following for Subfcriptions; but they were
to take notice ( the belt Jeft on't ) That
ly the Conftitttions of the Company, no Man
could ign above 30ooo0 fterlingfror himself,;
as likevife, ihat their Books could not ad-
mit above 200000 1. in all.
There Placaarts were no fooner paled
up on the Pofts, than Pamphlets were
crying up and down the Streets, full of
ill Nature, and a great many fad Truths ;
advising the Hramburghers to enquire fur-
ther into the ProjeaS, before they parted

[ i9 ]
with their Money, left they should ne-
ver fee it again, Thefe Pamphlets con-
tain'd 3 or 4 Sheets, and were printed
in French, High and Low Dutch, uuder the
Title of, A Letter from a Friend in Amfter-
dam, to his Friend in Hamburgh. But
the Hambrurghers having fuch a Confidence
in Paterfln's Phiz, and fmooth Tongue,
and by the forward appearance the Com-
pany made with their new Ships of 5o
Guns all in a row, they believed all this
fluff, to be hatch'd in Samaria, from
whence no good can be expe&ed.
But that the Scriptures might be fu!-
fili'd, by the EleLcs meeting with Difappoint-
ments and Crofes while they fjiourn here ;
or on the other hand, that of Honefty's le-
ing the befl Policy, either you pleafe ; the
Companies Book was likewise fhut up
here, without getting a Groatof the Ham-
burgers Money, although that City got
near 3ooo0000 of the Company's. The
human reason of this Difappointment, if
I am not miftaken, was asfollows ; in the
Oliroy there was a certain unneceffary Pa-
ragraph, which occafion'd a great many
Englijb and Hollands Speculations,viz. That
in cafe the Company should Ie interrupted in
their Trade, &c. the King had ingag'd to
interpoje the Regal Authority to do them
iight, and that at the public Charge, Pa-

terJo,"and the other Agents of the Com-
pany, to magnifie their Charter, did in.
finuate in all Companies, That.. the Cing
was to afjifl and defend tlem with his Ships
of War, or otherwise, if there was occasion,
and that out of his .own Pocket, which they
did not queflion to le EnfghJlh Coin ; when
at the fame time, the words of the A6t
cannot bear it ; much lefs, That a Scots
A& of Parliament should difpofe of Englifh
Ships and Money. .But fince the Scotch
Company would force this glofs on the
Textfor their Advantage, the Engli/h Tra-
ders to India made as .profitable a .uf of
it the other way ; for .fay they,, Was it
not enough that the King .of Great Britain.
Should pafs an Aa in favour of his Scots
Subjects .to Trade to India, and.exempt
them from Duties for z2 years, which
is an evitable Prejudice to the.EngliJh
Trade, fince it's impoffible to hinder them
from fending their India Goods by ftealtt
over the Border, and underfelling our
Markets by 25, or 30 per Cent. but that
they should be empower'd to take in For-
reigners to be Sharers with them in this
Trade ; and not only thereby fuck the
Blood and Marrow out of England for 21
years, but that our Englifh Ships of War
(for the maintenance of w!ich great Tax-
es and Impofts are laid on our Trade and

[ 21 ]
Goods) fhould defend this Scotch Compa-
ny's Trade, and thefe Foreigners who run
away with the whole.
There weak Proceedings of Paterfon and
the other Agents, with the Sentiments
the Englih had of it, made the Govern-
ment of England, fend to the Senate of
Hamburg a -Caution by Sir Palr Ricadt,
Refident there, to take care how they
fuffer'd their Burghers to embark with
private Men, the King's SubjeEts,. under
the. hopes of the Englijh ProteEtion, which
being to the Prejudice of their own Sub-
je&ts, could not be reasonably expeEtid.
This was the Subltance of the Memorial
given in to that Senate, who had never hi-
therto countenanced the Committee, altho'
the Private Burghers were fo Refolute to
Adverfe Fortune fill attending our Em-
baffie, they thought fit to fteer home-
wards, and make the bell of a bad Market,
being now fully fatisfy'd that there's no
other Body's Money to be Truoted to but
their own : And having left me with Le-
gate Stevenfon to tend the Ships till farther
Orders; they fet out from Hamburgh in
The Report of this Mournful Story.be-
ing made to the Board in Scotland., they
found that they had been hatching rotten
F Eggs

2 2]
Eggs for a Twelvemonth by-gone: But
that which was fill worfe, 50000 1. was
iink into Datchland on Ships that were nei-
ther fit for Merchants Service nor War,
8 co 1. funk in Smith's Pocket, a Cargoe of
all forts of Goods and Materials for a Plan-
tation ready bought, viz. Sco'ch Cioath
80oo pieces White, ditto Brown 4 or 5oco.
ditto died and ftrip'd 2coo. Sterling Sear-
ges 8:0o Ells, Men and Womens Shoes
5-or 6cco pair, Slippers about i 5oo pair,
Mcns coarfe Stockings 4o0o pair, Wo-
mens ditto c:co pair, rtch [itus a grcat
quantity, Eng/(F Bibles i5oo, Periwigs
4000. fcme Long, fame Shorr, Campaigns,
Span~ij Eobs and Natural oncs; and truly
they were all Natural, for being made of
H-iighla,,n.ers Hair, which is blanch'd, with
the Rain and Sun, when they came to be
open'd in tl;e Wel-Indies they looked like
fo many of Sarpfon's Fi~fniips that he fent
amongft the Phiflinrs, and could be of no
fe to the Colony if it v ere not to mix
with their Lime when they plaiter'd the
Walls of their Houfes. This was all the
MDerchandable Cargoe, fave about ,co1.
worth of Ham:burgh Linen and Holland,
and to the fame value of little Trincums
bought in Holland for a Gsuiea or Indian
Trade, and about 2 or 3 -Hogfheads of
Lees-wax. The rcfl was in Materials for

[ 3 i1
the Colony, viz. Hoes, Axes', Matches,
Knives, &c. Arid for the main Defign
5co fpare Buccaneer-Pieces, fome Hun-r
dreds of Barrels of Powder, Shot proporti-
onable and about So or 9D Drums. This
Cargoe of Merchandize and Materials for
the Colony amounted to about 9000 1.
including 25 per Cent. advance, which the
Company charged on every Article. So
that there was about 74coo ofthe 100000 1.
Sunk. The remainder was towards Pro-
vifions, Payment of the Sailors and other
Servants of the Company, and Difcharge
of the Company's Civil Lift: But of this
odd Money above i ooo I was deficientin
the Payments, to wit, fome great Mein
could not be forced to pay, they Natively
thinking their Countenance to the thing
to be enough for their. hare; others were
Sick, and a great many flark Dead of the
Proje&, but mofl of them not able to railo
their PQota.
The Company's Affairs looking now fo
pale-fac'd, they were for fome time :Iagger-
ing in their Refblutions: And on thisOcca-
fion it was proposed ro the Board by the
Laird of Drumimelier, a Topping and Lead-
ing Man of the Company, and backed
by Robert Watfot, a Leading Man amongst
the Merchant Dire&ors, that they should
fend Order to their Agents in Ho!and and
F H2

Ham mbrgh to fell off the Ships,and that their
Committee of homeward ImprovementS
should difpofe of the forefaid Cargoe to the
belt Advantage, and the Company to
make a Dividend of the Produa, amongfi
the Proprietors of the Stock. This Propo-
fal was Rejeaed as Inglorious, and they
being now in utrumque Parati, were Re-
folv'd Sea varfare dolos, and that their Ser-
vants, but not themselves, should be the
Viaims to the Certs occumbere Morti.
From this Minute they fixt their Refolu-
tions, that fince their Ships were built,
the Proviflons, Cargoe, and other Neceffa-
ries already provided, they should not
look back, but equip for Sea with-all Ex-
pedition ; if they Perifh there, or the Pro-
je& Mifcarry,'they could fhew the World
that they drove the Nail fo far as it would
go, and at laft, fhift the Mifcarriage from
offthemfelves. And to fatisfie the World
that their Defpair was evident; at the fign-
ing of the Company's laft Inifrutions to
the Colony, This Drummellier would have
it added in the Poftfcript as a Benedition,
That they shouldd get Money Honeftly if
they could, but be fure to get it, and ifthey
came Home without it, then the Devil get
them all.
By the fequel of the Story the Reader

, .. I

[ ]

inay .jidge whether they did not put this
Refolution into Pradice. After the Em-
baflie or Committee of Foreign Trade left
Hambargh, nothing Remarkable paft there,
fave that after Mr. Stratford had given
them.a Splendid Entertainment. for their
Foy, they went off without bidding him
kifs there- and believing that all thefe
Diflies were a Pig of their own Sow, left
Infiru&ions behind them,that he should not
a& any longer as the Company's Cafhier.
Whether this was the True Reafon of his
being laid afide, pt that of his Original Sin;
I cannot refolve you; but:this I know,that
he gave them Credit at their firft appear-
ance in Hamburgh, indented with the Buil-
der of the four Ships, with the Ropemakers,
Blackfmiths, and other Artificers, to fur-
nilh the Company, and bound himself for
performance of the several Contrats ; and
at laft he was obliged to Arreft the fame
Ships (as they were fitting out) for 800 l,
Flemifh, that being the Ballance of his
Accompts; and they lay in Limbo a Fort-
night or three Weeks before this Money
could be paid.
We Sail'dwith two ef thefe Ships, viz',
the Caledonia and St. Anidrew froni the Ri-
ver of Hamburgh the so of November, 1697.
(having left the other two behind us, rea-
dy Launched and lying to Rot in the Oufe)

[ 26 ]
ahid arrived in Leith Road on the 2otti.
to the no finally Joy of the Proprietors of
the Stock, two Thirds of whom firmly be-
liev'd for fix Months by-gone that all was
Cheat, and that thiere was no fuch Ships iq.
Rer#tm Natura.
About the fame time the RiJing-Sun
of 60 Guns, and the 7nicorn of 46, were
fallen down from AmJterdam to the 'Texel,
in order to joyn us,, that we riight make
our Parade the more Splendid in Leitf
Road. Thefe Ships, you muft know had
their Complement of Men. bore on them for
several Months before, as if they had been
ready to Sail*; but Archbifhop Hendtfronj
their trufly Friend and Agent, having about
30o0 1. due to him and Partners, did not
think 'it difcreet to let both Ships go till
he had the Money in his Pocket; severall
kind Epiitles and civil Words paft between
the Company and him on this occasion,
but to no material purpose ; for he was ap.
prehenfive that if once they got the Ships
in Scotland,his Money might be like Butter
in the Black Dog's Hauce, or that they
might detain fo much of it as came to the
PQota of his and Partners Subfcriptions,
which he and they had no Inclination to.
On thefeConfiderations theArchbifhop fent
home te ouicorn, and brought the Com-.
pany's Rijngt n -back to the Meridian of

E 27 ]
JflTerdm,' where fi being Frozen up,
for that Seafon, was obliged to lie till Ihe
Thaw'd, and for fbme Months afterwards,
till h had his Dutch Gilt again. And in-
deed I think the Accideint was very lucky.,
for besides the Honour which the Company
purchased by enterta ning the'Czar of Mof
ov7y Aboard while The lay at the Pales of
A 7mfl;r4m, if fie had gone to the Wert-In-
dies, fhe might have fet there and never ri-
fen again; and fo Dryap-ellier would have
been disappointed of his Dividend.
The HAta4urgher Ships and the V"icorn,
being arrived at Leith,it was refolv'd to car-
ry them up the Frytb till the hardeft of the
Winter was over ; but the Seamen (a great
partof whoRmhad been t or I? Months.in
the Service, and as void of Faich as Mo-
ney) would not move an! inch.til-they were
paid, altho' several of the Diretors came
Aboard to Interpufe their Authority. This
oblig'd a certain Committee to be appoipt-
ted for their Payment, who brought down
the Money to L eith, and endeavouring to
(how themselves Good Husbands for the
Company, pinch'd may be 5, 6 or 7 Shil-
lings out of each Man's Wages, (notfor
Damages, for there was no Goods) which
obliged the Sailors to give them a hearty
Curfe to their Faces, fo foon as they had
got the Money in their ]4ats. All that

was fav'd in the Caledonia by this Malage-
ment was within 40 1. And when I told
Little Blackwood my Sentiments of it at the
Pay-Table, he reply'd, that it wasno mat-
ter, every Little makes a Mickle, and the
Company bad need to fave all they can.
The Confequence of this was, that when
the Company had occasion. to fit out their
Ships in the Spring, none of thefe Sailors
that were worth the hanging, would Lif
themselves, and we were obliged to take
Tag, Rag and Bobtail, and fuch as no
Skipper in the Fryth would Entertain.
The Company indeed depended on their
Country-Men who were difcharg'd of the
English Service on the -Peace, but they
were disappointed, for none of them,would
leave Old England. So that when we came
to Sea, we were fo feebly Mann'd, (altho'
we had Eaters enough) that if if had not
been for -the Land Officers and their Men,
I am fatisfy'd that our Ships had run away
with us. ,
In fulyfollowing,the Ships being ready to
Sail,the Sea-men were paid off, and for their
farther-Encouragement, received 2 Months
Pay Advance; as for the reft, thofe who
are alive, muft catch it if they can, tho' it
may be guefs'd what they have to truff to,
by the Defences which the Company makes
at this time in Dollors-Commaes, in an

Aaion of Sea Wages thby are fued for i
"To wit,, that the Cipany Ti-.sfer'd
their Ships, Men and Cargo, over to the
Collonie.; that they are riow two diftinf
Societies, that what Wages were'due by
the Company, were.paid before thie Ship
went from Scotland; and altho' the Coiti-
pany advanced the forefaid two Moiths Pay,
yet it was not on their own acciuht, biut
lent to.the Collonie. This is a pretty ho-
heft Evafion of the Company to cheat fo
many poor Men. ut of their Wages: I
don't know what fuccefs f6uch DeIences
will meet with in their own Coutts, but
they are now rejected in Dacors Comr ni ,
and the Money ordered to be brought into
the Court.
But before. I go any further, ;If'giv
you a clearer View of this Tribsfpe.; The
Company having laid out a round&-Sumtfni
bf Money on this Expedition, thought
the mift probable way of feeing it 'agaiti;
was to charge 5e Collonie with it, to -let
them improve it the belt way they could,
and pay the Company certain Paiefs of
it at fuch and fuch Terms. They valuedd
thefe three Ships and Cargo,. with the two
Tenders, ( including the Provifions and
Mens Wages they had already paid) at
70000/. for which they took thl Coiun-
cils Bodd to-be paid as aforefiid. Th T
0 *We *to;

'.- -f

were likewise to have certain shares in the
Mines, Minerals, &c. and to be' free of
Duties in the Collonies Ports, whereas
Strangers were to pay 2 per Cent. (which
was to be apply'd to the maintenance of
the Collonies Forts, and other neceffary
Ufes.) Thefe Gentlemen, who gave their
joynt Bond for this 70000 1. were not
worth fo many Englifh Pence; and the
Transfer was fo clandeftinely carried on,
that if it had been known to the Sea-men,
or thofe who expe&ied Wages, there had
nop one,$oul of therm gone in the Service.
fAnd I dare be positive, that when we ar-
rill'. in Dqrien, this Transfer was fuch a
secret, that it was not known to ten Men
befidesthe Councellors.
The Seamen being thus paid by the Com-
pany'what was due to them, with the two
Mpn.ls advance, were made believe that
wh~n-i once thefe Landmen were fet ashore,
ey :were to proceed on a Trading Voyage,
d return, to Scotland to be paid, where-
'widEh the-v were well'enough fatisfy'd. The
Ua4~fnen -yere frill in worfe Circurtiman-
.j c.r they had no Pay, nor none to truff
to;o -r ly the hopes they were faten'd with
of pJ& g the Gold'6ff the Leaves of the
'r.ees, which few of thtm doubted of, that
went on.tkat foot. For the more formality
4fithe thing,and to iake it ofa greater value,

-there was a kind of Indenture or Cpntrat1
between the Company and thefe Pfndtiin.
The Soldiers were not to o under Th!iat De-
nomination, but that of Planters. :The'6o
Officers ( z of them had been- Cptins-in
Flanilrs,and the other 48 fubaltern-iis ere
term'd Over-feers, Sub-Overfeers anrid Afil-
ftants.:. The true Myffery of: 'fieif cimp
Names lay here, if I am not mifikeen The
Otcroy emtpower'd the Company t 'li~ and
entertain'Soldiers f6r -the Servi ef' tc: 'ir
Collo0iies, and to' eercife Martial Difci-
pline ; but at the fame time,i whi'-Souldi-
ers they lifted in Scotland, muft b3e with
the Privy Councils leave firft obtain'd. At
the lifRing and enrolling of thefeLand-men,
the Company thought it in vain tdask,the
Council that favour, for fome; weighty
Reafons, which I fall not offer here; fo
took their own way of Chrift'hiiig them,
designing at the fame time to make them
answer the fame ends, when once they got
them between the Tropicks and in the mean
time,'it was not-neceffary that thefi9 Laid
Officers, or Planting Soldiers flhould kilow
the 'ferreC of their Infirmity. inmuf te'l
yoiu; that Pennycook, and fomn remore of
the,Council were,fo ignorant of lt-Hat if
it iad oriot been "f6r one who was rnboe of
their.Number, t-hey had hang'd up foiue
Spf:thie Land-men at Sea, to try their hand.
; And

And after we had been a while in the Cql-
lony, and the poor Men fo ftai.v'd; that
they-were oblig'd to desert to any body.
that.could fill their Bellies, fome' .9 or- o
of .thefe ere brought back by a party ;
and fince.they foiud they could not hang
them, withoutrunning the hazard of being
hang'd themselves for it afterwards, they
chain'd gteat Weights of Iron tbo their
Leggs, and condemned them for a certain
number of years to Slavery. Thefe At-
ings were as unlegal as the other; for if by
the Conftitutions of the Collony their Port
be freeand if thefe Men be Planters by
the Indenture or Contraft made with the
Company, they are Freemen, and not ly-
able to thelafh of Martial Dilcipl'ie.
' The Terms of thefe' Indentures run thus,
That the Planters j~oui,_e mntaiind by the
Company three Tears ; .sl what Ground they
clear'd in that time. jfbold be difp s'd of by
the Colony, as they ftold. think ft; allowing
50 A:res to each Flanier, with. a Houfe iz.
the Capit.l City of 5o foot fquare .I 0ioo
Acres to each Officer, n'wth a iHouf proporti-
onable.'And to fet the.greater value on that
rich land, the Courcellors themselves, by
the Conflitutions, could not have above.
threePortions, to wit, i:5o Acres. Thefe
poor deluded Fellows had better fold them-
felves for the time in iome of the PEgl)flj

[ 33 ]
o,. French Plantations, and have got 8 or
il. by the bargain, withouteither running
the hazard .of' tarv ',:, or of the Spanibf
Mines. Ad altho' there had beeu no dan.
ger of either, yet what could a naked man
make of this 50 Acres'of Ground, or of
o5o, at the three years end, if it weren't
to fow Potatoes, Maez, and Plantains, and
live as Adam did.
This is all the Encouragement thefe
Gentlemen and Planters had to truft to ;
and altho' moft, or all the Officers had
been lifted 4 or 5 Months before they were
fhip'd board, yet they had not a fartlhing.
allowed themm for their fubfiftance, but
what the x2 Captains or Overfeers could
pinch out of their 'Companies ; neither
could that be much, for their Plaiters were
allowed bnt 3 d. a day for their fbfiiffance,
frbm the date of their lifting, to their going
on board; indeed about a Month before
we failed, pon a certain occafion of the
Land Officers grumbling, the Direftors,
out of their Eenevolence, or rather to flop
their Mouths, ordered io i. for each Cap-
tain, with a Subfcription of xooA in the
Capital Stock (which was only 2 5. Gift,)
and for the Subalterns in Proportion ;
which'generous Gratuity made all things
eae. ~T:

The Contraa or Charter Party between
the Company and Council, was penned
before the. Councellors were created ; but
that fignify'd little, for there Candidates
would farce have ftuck at the Terms,
tho' they had been harder. But to tell
you the truth, they were to feek for Per-
fons fir for that purpose, and were glad to
take fuchas they could get. By the Con.
flitutionsagreed on by R'oKy Mackenzie, and
the Company, even Councellors were
to be created before the Ships fail'dfrom
Scotland, and thefe were to be invested
with a Power to affume to the number of
fix more, as they should fee occasion. I
have rpafqn to believe thatthe design, of
leaving thefe fix Chairs vacant, was for the
Encouragement of fuch Englifh or French
Men of Subftance, asflhould come in and
joyn them- from the ieft Inia Planta-
tions .
STo give you the ,Charaters at large of
thefe 7:' Councellors, would be tedious ;
whereforer desire you may accept of this
-infboht. :i. Janme CunningharAr i the
: Van beb had been a Maor in the cts ',or-
ces.: andtsibanded ondthkefeace 'a1Pi1ar of
:the jrk, and never out.. fo Scotlarnd before.
z. Donald Macay, aScrivener's or writer's
Clerk, newly come out of hij Apprenticb'ehi
lt a Touth of good Parts. 3. Veach, a
S. ... Mah

Jianof no Trade, -ut advanced to this Poft
on'the account his Fathei was. a godly Mini*
fer, -and a Glorifer of God, I think in the
Grafs-market. 4. Robert Jollie, a jolly
Scotch over-grown Hamburger, who was
orderly a Skipper, and- is'd the Shetland,
Trade, -b6ut had for fome dozen years been
fit up atHamburgh, in quality of Merchant ;
and after that a Broker, and now a Councel-
lor. -. Robert Pennycook, formerly a Sur-
geon in the Englifh Navy, then a Lieutenant,
and afterwards Commander of a Bomb; this
Gentleman having gained Experience by be.
ing h i' yearsfrto Scotland in federal Trades
or Oc6epations, he was ly a Stratagem of an
Acquaintance of mine, ca/'d home to take
this PofZ upon him, about 6 or 7 Weeks before
we fai'd, and was advanced ly the Interefi
of the'(irk Party, the better to lallance that
of the'Church, and to keep out Dr. M- a-
reputed Atheift, who would certainly have
debach'd :both. Mr. Pennycook was not
only Councellor, but liUewaf Captain, Com-
madore, and the very Orford of our Navj.
6. James Montgomrie, whofe Defignaton
I cannot iell tell, but you may kkiow him by
the Story of the. bloody Fight h hhae with
the Spaniard heree 'o many hundred were kill d
and taken Prifoners, tho' at the fame time
there was never a Spaniard hurt. This Gentle-
man was formerly., an. Enfign in the Scot;

GiardsF At' t i lizkng. that Oqfce, left it,
and cai'id a brawn Mwuket in another Re:
gimenti, Thi Reafons of his Preferment to
this P,.f, as his Gradf-fa.thers being Earl
if Eglington; 4sid his own Father, by the
Mothers flde .eing. Major General Mont-
gortrie 7. Robert Pincarton, a good down
right rough fpfun Tar, ever kyo)awn before
f any Defignation or Stare Ofice, f[ve thai
of Boatfiait to Sir William Phipps, when
he wasri the Wreck; and now, .poor fellow;
a Divr ie n the Spanifh Mines at Cartha-
Thedfe ere the feved wife Mie, .who
~vere to. divide Mexico and Periu amiiongft
them, 'Peach being fick of the, Voyage,
lay'd at hortme; arid on this occasion Wil-
liam Paferfff, whom I hirtted at before,
having eome from Scotind with us in cua-
lity of.Volurtier (for hiwas iii Difgrace
fome Months before we came off; and
his projdeifng Head .growing too big to
get out of the Porir of Eiitburgh ,without
in Engine, he was at his liberty either to
go into the Tohoot', or. on. board in this
Station, which he pleas'd) was affum'd
into the Senate in Veach's Place,, after we
4ad' got fo 'ar as the AMadera's on out
I had almoft forgot to tell you of our
Clergy, Witlh .whorti: I ought, in good

S [ 37 ]
Manners, to have begun. Two Minifters
with a Journey-Man to take up the Pfalmi
were commiffion'd by the General Af-
fembly, with full Inftrutions, I fuppofe,
to difpofe of the Bibles among the Indi-
ans. One of thefe was an Extraordinary
good Man, -but he ow'd his. Education to
the Army in Flanders, where the Kirk Ru{t
was rubb'd off him. The other was
Young'Headtrong, 'as infallible as his Ho-
linefs, Sawcy and as Impertinent as the Mo-
derator himself. They thought to have
eftablifbt the Scotch Kirk Difcipline in A-
merica, but having pafi the Tropick of
Cancer, they could find luch a fnmible Al-
teration in our Men, nay, in the Mjajor him-
felf, by the Influence of that Zone, that
they began to difpair of it, and their Heart-
ftrings being quite broke at'the Sight of
that dear Land of Promife, they inif look
upon it and fo were gathered to their Fa-
thers. They were not much mifs't indeed;
for the only Time we had Ocea(in fir the
Prieftly Office, was the M.tI',i oIe of Pt-
terfon's Wifes Maid, after her Belly had been
a Third up, and then her Mafter happen-
ing to be Pi sor high Priet fbr the Week,
Celebrated it in as much Form, or pe.rhPz!a
more than if it had been done in a Sco'.c


But before I leave Europe altogether; I
muff tell you One Pafiage more, which"
was a Secret to a great Part of the Court of
Lirectors when we left Scoiland, it being
managed only by the private Committee,
and 2 or 3 more. The Story rtills thus,
The Companyes, or rather private Com-
mittees Agents at London, had been for
fome time in Terms with Lionel Wafer to
. bring him into the Service, they had no
positive Infirudions to agree with him at
firfl-, but only to found him as to the Par-.
ticulars of the Country 4f Darien. Wafer,
it fees, was in Terms wviih fome private
Merchants of London, about fending a
Veffel thither for, Nicaragua Wood, to
.which he was to Pilot them; and about
the fame Time he was putting his' Journals
into tlie Prefs. Pennyook, before he left
London,, went with Mr. Fletcher a Scotch
Gentleman and. fo6me others defignedly to
Sdifcourfe this W1afir, and having treated
him at Pontacks, fatisfy'd themselves of his
Capacity to ferve the Company, they ad-
vis'd him not to be hafty in Publifhing his
Book, or at leaft till he heard further from
Scotland. There was a Colletion offome Gui-
neas amohngf thefe-Gentlemen for Wafer,
the better to back their Advice.When Penny-
ook. arriv'd in Scotland he acquainted the pri-

[ 39 ]
Svate Committee with his Sentiments of
Wafer, on which they wrote for Mr.
Fletcher by the next Poft to fecure him for
the Companies Service, and to make the
eafieft -Bargain he could.

Mr. Wafer had flood for fime Months
by-gone at iooo 1. but now Mr. Fletcher
being in Earneft with him he agreed on the
following Terms.

i. He was to ferve the Company for the
Space of 2 Years in their Expedition, for
which the Company was to pay him 7 5o I.
whereof 50 I. ready down.

2. He was forthwith to proceed to E-
dinburgh, and there to answer fuch Que-
ftions as the private Committee or Commit-
tee of Trade should ask him.

j. In Confideration of 20 Gui/neis more,
which he then received in hand,he was to put
a Stop to thePublifiing hisBook for the i)pace
of a Month; and when he came to Edin-
burgh, if the Company and he could not
come to Terms forthe tuppreffing it altoge-
ther, then he was either at Liberty to go
in their Service for the forefaid 700 1. or co
return to Englnd, which he pleased.

H a

[:40 ]

4. You may eafily perceive something,
Myftical in the wording of thefe Articles,
whereby the 'Company might fake
their Neck out- of their Noofe, but thiat
Mr. Fletche.r meant it fo, I will no.tfay, but
am rathlec willing to believe hewas fincere
and ignorant of the Companies Defign on

Mr. Wafer, Purfuant to the Contrat,
(having ordered his Affairs in England for,
his Voyage to Darien;) took Poft for Scot-
lnd, and on the Road paft by the Name of
BroVwn, by the Committees Direeion. He
was flopt at Haddinxon, 12 Miles fort of
dE'. ,,, by Mr. Pennycook, who was or-
der'd to Lodge .him at Mr. Fletcher's
Houfe, about 2 Miles Wide of that Road,
and there he was to ifay till the Committee
fIlould come to him, leaft by his going into
Edinb.irgh he should be feen by Paterjon or
Lodge, (who 'at this Time were kept in the
Dark as to the Companies Refolutions,r
or by any other Perfon that might.
know.him. The private Committee came
to him next Day, and having entered on Bu-
finefs, askt him firlb, if he had ordered his
A'Fairs fo in Englind that he needed not
return. He answered that he had, and

S ]i .
was ready to go abroad at 48 Hours warn-
ing: To this they reply'd, that it was very
well, tho' by-the Sequel of the Story you'll
find it none of their Meaning.

SDuring the firff 2 or 3 Days Conferences,
the -Subje6t of the Difcourfe was Darien, of
which lie unboffom'd himfelffreely. And
for their further Incouragement, he engaged
to lead them to a Treafure of Nicaragua
Wood; whereof 300 Men tould cut down
fo much in Sii Months, as should defray
the whole Charge of the Expeditinn,which
if he did not perform he should forfeit his
Title to the 7001. Premium agreed on.
The Gentlemen were curious in Inform-
Sing themselves whereabouts this Treafure
was, whither it was near the Sea or
any River whence it could be eafily Shipt
Aboard. Wafer, not fufpedting any De-
fign-upon him bfyPerfons of fo noted Cha-
ra&ers,refolv'd them in every Particular,and
pointed out the very'Spot of Ground, where
it grows, with the Bearings and Diftance
tof it from Golden Ifand. They now think-
ing themselves Cock-fure of the Treafure,
and sufficiently Inltruded as to the Cou~-
try, had no more Occafion for Wafer, and
believed that the 70oo Pilotage might be
fav'd, to help to fetch up Smiths Summ.


Next Night he has brought into Edin-
burgh under Pretence of a nearer Commu-
nication, and was lodg'd in a private Cell
near the Companies Office Three Pair of
Stairs high, where he could fcarce diftin-
guifh between Sun Light and Moon-Light;
and here he was obliged to keep clofe leaft
by being feen abroad the Projea should
take Air. Wafer was well enough pleas'd
with his Confinement, having fill the 70oo1.
in View; but as there's no Certainty in
Sublunary Things, fo the Pilot mift of his
Mark; for in a Day or two afterwards fome
Gentlemen of the Committee came to him
and with abundance of Concern, made him
understand, that the Proje& had taken
Wind in England, that Admiral Bembo was
lying with a Squadron at Spithead, to
wait their Motion; and that it was re-
folv'd that very Morning, in the Secret
Committee, to alter their Darien Projet.
1Wafer being somewhat 'daunted at the
SNews, had but little to fay to the Matter:
And thefe Gentlemen to blind him the
more, ask'd him several Queftions about
the Rivers of Platte and Amazones (both
ooo1000 Leagues wide of Darien,) and whe-
fher he could be ferviceable to them
that way ; to- which -he answered, No.

[ + ]
Thus they parted from him, fhew-
ing a great Concern for their own
Difappointment, as well as his ; tell-
ing him withal, That fince they could
not go'in his Darien Projet they
would think of a Gratuity fit for him,
which he might expef that Even-

This Gratuity was the Sum of Twen-
ty Guineas which he received by
the Hand of Mr. Pennycook : And I
fuppofe he was now at Liberty to
Print his Book, for I think he was ne-
ver fo much as Commun'd with about
it. I was ordered to fee him out of
Town, which gave me an Opportu-
nity of having the mournful Story Re-
capitulated, whereof neither he nor I
at that time knew the Draught. It
was not neceffary to enjoin W1afer
to conceal his Scotch Jcurney from
the. Engl/if, his, own Intereft obliging
him to keep it hulb, fince the greateftr
Remedy he could expect was to be
caught at.. However, I dare fay, he
hath acquired fo little Knowtedge cf
Eainburgh- (except what he learn'd cf
the Company,) that if lie v'erc to re-

[ 44 ]'
turn to that City, he .could no more
find the Way to his Lodging, than
the Company could to the Nicaragua
Wood, notwithstanding they thought
themselves fo fure of it by Direti-

I was afterwards one of thofe
who went for several Miles along the
Coaff, in Search of this Treafure, but
were obliged' to give it o'er : And in
Lieu of this, our Men were' ordered
to fell several kinds of flrange Trees,
which naturally grow in the Colony's

Thefe were fquared and cut in Ten
Foot Peices, for the eafier Stowage,
and were to be fent Home by the
firft Ship, to fee if the Company's"
Virtuofo's could 'find any- Lebanon a-
mongft them.

When they come, I dare fay, they
will Puzzle the General Affembly to
find' Names for them all, for I can
fcarce think that Old Nunkle trotted
fo far Weft to Chrifien then.


But that I may now take leave of fh&i dmofi
pany (whom I am unwilling to part with' as
yet if it were, not for fouling too niadch Pa-
per) and hale my Topfail-fheets lionie for
my Voyage to Darien: I muft acquaint you
that about 7 or 8 months before we failed, a
Committee was ordered for the difpatch of
bufinefs, viz. for the vitualling and fitting
out of the Fleet. I was ordered to aflift at
two or three meetings of this Committee with
my advice in the Victualling part (-that for
fome time before lying within my Province)
and they having told me that 900 med was
the Compliment they defign'd for this Expe-
dition, and that they mufft regulate the daily
expence according to'the ftore they had, fo
as to make it hold out 9 months 5 this was
foon done, and if we had been ready to fqt
then, the Provifions might have held out ac-
cording to the calculation: but our Mafters
being no Witches at their crafta third of their
,Provifions were expended before we could be
Ready to fail.There was none to be had in Scot-
land,anid if there had there was noMoney to go
to Market 5 the iooooo I. being funk, and the
Companies credit not worth two pence, not-.
withftanding the glorious fhow our Ships
made from the Caftle-hill of Edinburgh. And
I have reafon to believe, that we had ftuck
there as well as the Ri/ing Sun did in the Por-
pofe, if it had not been for fome few Pillars
of the Company who mortgag'd their Eftates

for 4 or 5000o for which the Company made
over the two new Ships at Hardburgh and the
Rifing Sun at Awfterdam for their security.
It was not convenient to let our men know
the ill fate of our Provifions ; but on the o-
ther hand, there was fuch a noife made ot
our plenty, and of our having a twelve months
ftore of all kinds for 0ooo men, that it was
like to have fet us all by the ears together be-
fore we were long at Sea. This management
was principally due to Mr. Robert Blackwood
one of that Committee, a little bufy-body,
who took this part of it upon him, and is
now in difgrace for the fame. Whether he
deferves it altogether himself I will not fay ;
but however, the Company thinks it neceffa-
Sy he should be the Sacrifice, altho one half of
heir Collars is not enough to attone for what
i' many brave Fellows has suffered.
Having failed from Leith about three days I
acquainted Mr. Pennycook with my doubts as
to the Provifions, and how' neceffary it was,
the Council ihouldbe fatisfied of our ftore be-
fore it were too late. Next day he made the
Signal for the Counfellors to repair on board,
and the Purfers of the several Ships were or-
dered to lay an account before them of what
Provifions they food charged with. This
done, I was ordered to calculate the whole
and make a Report how long the ftore would
hold out at the ufual allowance for o050 men,
our Compliment being thereabouts. I could

not make above 5 months and a half of any.
fpecie except Stock-fifT; of which we had full
I months, and that at 4 days of the week,
but had not above 4 months Butter and Oyl

Orkney's tb fend an Exprefs to the Company
and give them an account of the fate of Pro-
vifions, but meeting with thick and bad wea-
ther in the paffing of them, we were obliged
togo on ; and having calculated that flore to
hold out 9 months, our men were forthwith
put to that flarp allowance. This occafion'd
ill blood enough, and I was like to have got
my throat cut for being the Author of it. As
for our Drink, we had not ab6ve ten tunn of
Beer in our Navy when we left Leith; but in
lieu thereof we were aflir'd by the Company,
that we should take in Wine at Maclera's, for
which' they had fent us credit on Mr. Miles,
who had E(fe6ts in his hands of one William
Aruckles a Dire6tor ; dut being come thither,
we found this to be a mistake, to fay no worfe
oi't. Our men now being at fiich ihort allow-
ance, and no other Drink to' truft to but flin-
king Water, did not know how to brook it
The Officers and Gentlemen Voluntiers,
who had brought but little money with them
C being in hopes that there was enough before
them ) were obliged to fell their moveables
to jack Portugueefe, fuch as Scarlet Coats,
Jooks and Swords, wherewith they pur-
i z chas'd

( 4 )
chas'd a little Wine for themselves. The.Se.
nate was in the famecafe, for they had no
Calh in their Bank, and being under fuch ano-
ther -necellity as David was when he eat the
Shew-bread, made bold with the several Ships
flock-purfes, wherein was only oo for each.
Ship, and. Io. for each Tender, in cafe they
should meet with any difafer at Sea and be
oblig'd to be put into a Foreign Port. With this
Money, and a few Pipe-fiaves, they purchased
27 Pipes of Wine, and a fall recruitof frefli
Frovifions. But this would not havygone far,
for if it had been ferv'd out but ata quarter of
a pint a day to each man it would not have
held out above fix weeks.
That you. may taft a little of our Provifi-
ons as'well as I, you muft know that our
Srock-fifh was the bcft, if there.had been a pro-
portion of Butter or Oyl to it. Our Beef was 3
fnurths Irifh, and the reft Scotch, both alike
fit for a long Voyage. There was about a
fifth part of the Irifh flall-fed, the reft grafs
Beef, and the .whole about 18 months in falt;
As for our Bread,. 2700 1. weight of it was
made up of damnified Wheat which was
bought cheap, and the money of it is now in
the pocket of a Dire6or, whofe Chriftian
Name is Drummellier. This Bread was, not
fit for dogs to eat, but it was a mercy we had
a good many Highlanders in our Legion, who
were not ufia to feed on much of God's Crea-
tures that's hallowed. The Pork was indiffe-

rent good, but there being no great ftore of
it aboard we referv'd it always for our Sun-
days dinner. As for Cheefe, we had none,
by reason, I fuppofe, that only ferves for
concofeion, or to create an appetite.
Thus we rmarch'd as the Scots Armies did
in former days with their 40, days Provifions
on their backs against their Enemies 5 whom
if they did not meet before that term was ex-
pir'd they. difpers'd and went home again.
But their cafe and ours differ'd in fome effen-
tials, thefe were never far from home, knew
what to, truft to, and if they happened to be
disappointed of the Enemies Plunder, they
could make bold with their Neighbours
Chickens while they were on the Road, and
that never reckoned Stealing: But we were fent
to the back of Gods elbow, where we could
fee nothing but Death, starving and the
Spanij Mines before our Eyes, and although
our inclinations were never fo firong to bor-
row:any of our Neighbours goods, yet our
power was always deficient.
But now to proceed on our Voyage, and
give you the remarkable Occurrances of it
and of our Darien entertainment 5 you are to
know that we left the Edinburgh Fyrth on
July the 17th. 1698, and having fetched a
turn round the Orkney's we arrived at Madera's
about the laft of Augut, and ftaid there 5 or
6 days, till we purchased the forefaid 27 Pipes
of Wine. Here the Council open'd their In-

( s0 )
ftru&ions, by which they were ordered to
Steer to Crabb-Ifland, and take poffeffion of it
in the name of the Company and Nation of
Scotland, and leave a finally deteachment there.
This Ifland lies to Leeivard of St. a Cruz, a-
bout 9 Leagues, to windward of Porto-Rico,
about 5 Miles and 18 Leagues from St. Thomas
a Dani/ Ifland. Having made the Ifland of
St. a GCuz, our Senate ordered the "Unicorn
and one of the Tenders into 'St. Thomas, to
get fome Pilates for the Main, and to return
to us at Crabb-Ifland. While the Council fat
on this occafion, we drove to the Nothzwaard-
moft end of St. a Cruz, and not being in too
much haft to come to an Anchqr at Crabb-
fland, we fetched a trip to Windwvaird round
St. a Cruz, which occafion'd the difappoint-
ment of our settlement 5 for our Miffioners
to St. Thomras having innocently fcatter'd
fome words there of our Crabb design, the
Governour forthwith difratch'd a Sloop with
ten Men and an Officer to take poffeffion of
it in the name of Denmark 5 fo that at our
arrival in the Bay, or Road of Crabb-Ifland,
we could fee a large Tent afhore with the
King of Delmark's Colours flying. Our Se-
nate fent ashore to know the meaning of it,
and were made fcnfible that they came too
Jate. Next day the unicorn .and Tender ar-
riv'd, having brought with them one Allifon,
who Commanded a Sloop in that Squadron of
P.-. r:- who had landed at Golden-Ifland,

( 5s I)
and marched over the Ifhmus, about 18 Years
ago. We were glad of fuch a Pilot, for there
was no Man in our Fleet that had ever been
on the Spanfh Coaft. We left Crabb Ifland
the second of Ofober, and having met with
Southerly and Wefierly winds for 3 Weeks or
a Month together, it was the second of No-
vember before we came to an Anchor on the
Darien Coaft. We lay becalm'd a Week be-
tween Cartagena. and Cape Tibuoon (which is
.the Wefiermofl point of the Gulph of Darien).
where for want of any Air, but what was
Sulphurous, our Men fell down and died like
rotten Sheep.
We care to an Anchor about 7 Leagues to
the Northwvel .of Cape Tiburoon, and altho'
we were clofe by Golden flzand, yet neither
our Pilate, nor any person elfe knew the
Land, till the Indians informed us. The Vni-
cown being the firft Ship that came to an An-
chor fent her Boai: ashore 5 where having left.
an hoftage with fome Indians, who had a
Plantation there, two Canous with a few In-
dians came on board the Ships. The Canon
which came to the St. :i.;.. ', where I was
had Captain Andreas on board, who was af-
terwards the Companies and Collonies Land-
lord: They were Come hours aboard before
we could-make them-underftand us, altho a
Jew (who was our Linguift) endeavour'd it
with his Spanifj, Portugufefi,French and Dutch; ,
till once they were got drank with our Punch

(52 )
and Madera Wine, and then Captain Andrea~
with his Lieutenant fpoke it as faft and much
better than our Jew. Having got their load
they were not able to go afhore that night
and next day we weigh'd and came into the-
Bay within Golden fl/and, which is about' 4
or 5 Miles wide and deep. And having found-
ed with our Boats along the fhore, we found
a Lagoon on the South-Eaft fide of this Bay,
which runs up within the Land about two
Miles and.a half 5 this appearing to be a good
Harbour for us, we went into it and Chrift-
ened it, by the name of Caledonia Harbour.
The mouth or entry of this Harbour is a large
Mile over, and fo fteep too on both fides that
a Ship may go fo near as to throw a Bisket-
cake afhore. One fide of the Harbour to-
wards the Sea is a vaft Mountain and Penin-
fula, being joyn'd to the Main at the bottom
of the Harbour, by a neck of low Land, a-
bout or 400 Paces over. The extreamn
point of this Peninfula, which makes one
fide of the Harbours mouth, is a low and flat
piece of Sandy ground, containing about o3
Acres, and divided from the Peninfula by
another neck of I80 Paces over from Sea to
Sea. This was pitch'd upon as the ftrongeft
San&uary in cafe of attacks, as likewife for
the convenience of a battery towards the
Harbours mouth : We Chriften'd this piece
of ground by the name New Edinbirgb, and
the Platform of I6 Guns which we made

'there was called Fort St. Andrew. The neck
of Land was cut through to let the Sea en-
compafs the New City and Fort, and part it
from the Peninfula, and within the Trench a
breaft-work with a Parapet was rais'd, and a
half baftion at each end. On the other fide
of the Trench the Trees were fell'd, and the
ground clear'd for a Mufquet-fhot round, to
give us a fair profpe& of the Span;ard, in
cafe of an attack. This piece of ground was
the Scotch Collony; as for the Peninfula it
felf, it might have been fortify'd with fome
labour and pains, but not thinking it conve-
nient to part fo few men to defend there
two Pofts, it was refolv'd by the Council to
ftick clofe by this and fortify it to the beft ad-
vantage. As for the opposite point on the
Main, which makes the other fide of the entry
into the Harbour, it is a high ridge ofa Moun-
tain which with a fharp or edg'd end butts into
the Sea, and fo crofly contrived that it would
puzzle all the Inginiers in E'urope to plant a Gur
on it that could do any Service. So that at
beft, this Harbour is only a shelter from bad
weather, the Platform called Fort St. Andrew
being of little ufe to defend it; the Ships in-
deed by bringing a Spring on their Cables, and
their Broadfides to beat towards the mouth of
the Harbour, might ferve for fo advantagious
a Battery, as one Ship within the Harbour
might beas good as two that came in to attack
them, the nature of which strength may easily
be comprehended by any Seafaring men.
K But

( 54)
But to return to our Landlord and the other
Indians Captain Andreass Plantation was a-
mongft the Mountains, about 4 miles from our
Harbour the extent of his Government was
from Carrit-bay about 8 or 9 miles on one fide
of us, and Golden Ifland about 5 miles on the
other fide, fuch a portion of Land being the
Lairdfhip or Kingdom of thefe Captains whom
the Buccaneers, Privateers and Scotch Company
would have to be Kings and Sovereign Princes.
At our firft Landing, Captain Andreas came
down and lookt on us, and feem'd to be well
Enough fatisfy'd with his new Tenants ( he
thinking it in vain to appear otherwise, for if
he had mufter'd his whole.Clan to oppofe us,.
6 of our men with fire-arms were enough to
conquer him) but what his sentiment was will
appear by the fequel. After that Vifit he did
Ilot come near us for 3 or 4 weeks ; and during
th is time the mighty noife of our Force fpread-
ing all along that Shore, and the hopes we
gave them of restoring them to their ancient
Liberty and Greatnefs, there came Canous with
Indians from all the neighboring parts to
view us: 'it was our ihtereft to make them wel-
come, fo that they came daily to us without
any dread, -and having ftaid till we were weary
of them, went home again with fome little
prefents of Beads, Looking-glaffes, or Knives.
About the fame time Captain Ambroffo came
from the Weftward to us,, with a Periaga full
of Indians, to the number of ;o, including
Men, Women and Children, (for when they

travel they carry their whole Families with
them). and having come within halfa mile of
our Ships they fet up a Flag of Truce, and lay
on their Oars till our- Pinnaces went out and
affur'd them that they should be fafe. This
Ambrofo is one of their greatest Captains, and
at present an Outlaw, or if you will, at war
with the Spaniard ,,having murder'd o of
them at the Ifle of Pines fometime agoe: his
Plantation and Government is about 50 miles
to Leeward of the Collony, and about half
way between and the Samballa's Iflands. He
was made very welcdm, ftaid 2 or ; days, and
told us that we were not fafe in Captain An-
dres's Ground by reafon he was a Span ifi Cap-
tain and a very Spaniard in his heart, and al-
though he feem'd to be well enough fatisfy'd
with our landing in his Ground, yet he was
not to be trufted but came purely with a defignr
to fpy us. Captain Andreas abfenting himself
fo long from the Collony added to the fame
filfpicion, and our Senatours being refolv'd to
know more of it, 3 of their number went on a
Vifit to hisPlantation, and having entered his
Wigwam (or Cage-like houfe) he fat frill on
his Seat without saying one word to them, or
feeling to know that he ever had feen them
before, although he was made heartily drunk
at both the times he was on board. Mr.Pew-
nycook and the others having met with this
cold Entertainment from Captain Antdreas
(for they were hot offered fo much as a Plan-
tain or Callabafl of Drink, which is the ufual
*K 2 Enter-

( 56 )'
Entertainment the Indians give to their
Friends at their firft entry) came home again
confirn'd of what Ambrofio and the other In-
dians had hitherto faid. The next time Capt.
Abrofio came he infifted on the fame ftory,
and would needs'perfwade us to remove from
that place and come nearer to him, where
we needed not apprehend any.betraying de-
fign from him by reason his killing of thefe
io Spaniards at the Ifle of Pines, and taking
that Periaga with a brafs Pitterara could never
be forgiven by them. Our Council met on
this occasion, where it was ordered that Pen-
nycook, Montgomery Macay and Pinparton
Counfellors with Robert Drummond Com-
mander of the Caledonia should go to Ambro-
fio's, with the Long-boats and Pinnaces mann'd
with 70 Fire-arms, and on their way to found
all the Harbours along the Coaft. I was de-
fir'd by thefe Gentlemen to go with them, and
having ftopt the firft Night at the Ifle of Pines,
6 Leagues to Leeward of the Collony, where
Captain Long was riding in His Majefty's Ship
the Rupert Prize, we lodg'd that Night on
Board with him. The next day we proceed-
ed on our Expedition founding the Coaft,
where we found fome good Harbours that,
were able to contain all the Navy of England,
but they could not be fortify'd fo as to hinder
the Enemy from coming in. When we ar-
riv'd at Ambro'o's little River or Brook we lan-
ded,. and were Piloted by' his Son Captain
Pedro to the Plantation, which is about a

( 57 )
league from'the Sea, and is fo cunning and obscure,
that without a Guide it isimpoffible for any man to
find the way to it. We croft one River eleven times,
wading always up to the middle, and I believe we
could have gone a nearer waylifthey would, but
they do this defignedly, that the Path or Road may
not be found out by the Spaniard. Being arrived at
the Plantation, Captain Ambrofio came out of his
Wigwam abput jo Paces and welcomed us, he had
a white Cotton Frock on fring'd at the bottom, and
his Court or Clann behind him (who were all mu-
fter'd on this occasion) tothe number of thirty men
besides Women and Children ; they were in fuch
Frocks as Ambrofios, and had fhort Lances in their
hands: He carry'd us into his Wigwam, and his
Wives gave every one of us a Plantain and Callabafh
of their drink (which is made of Indian Corn, and
like unboil'd Flummery) this being all the Food we
got till the next day at noon we came down to our
Boats, except a difh of minc'd Meat of Wild Hogg,
wherein was about twopound of Meat, which ferv'd
to give us a taft of their fineft Cheer. We hungin
Hammocks that Night in Ambrofio's Wigwam a-
mongft his and his Son Pedro's Wives, and our men
lay without round a large Fire that was made for
them. Next morning Ambrofio went out betimes
with ; or 4 bf his men to hunt for us, but there be-
ing no appearance of his return at noon, and our
BellierscryingCupboard, wedid not fray to bid him
farewell; and hisSon Captain Pedro having re-con-
ducted us to the Sea fide, defir'd the Linguift to tell
Captain Pennycook, that his Father and he expected
rome Prefent for that Entertainment. We had
brought nothing with us at that time, Co told him,
that the next time his Father came to the Collony
the Council would thank him, and give him rome-
thing, which afterwards was two pieces of Scotch

( 58 )
Cloth, two Fire-locks, and fme Pouder, with a few
Shot, wherewith he was mightily pleased.
Having returned to the Collony, and a Report
of the Expedition being made in Council, and the
Port where we were reckoned the moft fecure, it
was refolv'd to remain there, difpatch the Fortifica-
tion with all expedition, and make the beft Bargain
with Andreas we could. On the laft of November,
being St. Andrew'., day, it was managed fb (but how
I cannot refoive you) that Captainr Andreas came a-
board the St. Andrew, where was a Feftival on the
account of the Day, and he being ask'd by the Lin-
guift, why he was fo uncivil to the Councellours
when they came to vifit him in his Plantation, he
anfwer'd, That he meant no harm, and that they
muft impute it to his Ignorance of the European
Cuftoms (altho' this Tale could not come well from
one that was bred among the Spaniards) and not to
his want of good-will. He was defir'd to fit down
and fare with them, the Linguift telling him the
occasion of that Feaft.
After Dinner, the great Bowl of Punch being let
on the Table (the fight of which was pleafant e-
nough to Andreas) the Council was refolv'd to pufh
the thing home, and told him what Ambroflo and
the other Indians faid of him; to which he reply'd
almost verbatim, as follows, That he could not de-
ny but that he was a Spanijh Captain, and had been
fo a long time ; that the reason of his fewing the
Collony fo little Countenance was, by
'see Hifoy reason fome 6 or 17 years paft, the
Buch~nerxr. Englijf and Frencb landed in that very
Ground, being i 2 or i ; hundred in number, and
made them believe they were come to free them
from the Spanifj Yoke, and reffore them to their
own Country ; his Friends and Relations joined and
affifted them at the taking ofSan..a .Aaria and o-
ther Towns on the South Sea, and likewise ferv'd on

( 59 )
board their Ships with them in their South Sea Expe-
ditions, till at two years end they found, that all
their design was on the Spanifj Plunder, and having .
got that, left them expos'd to the Cruelty of the
Spaniard, who have cut off mofi of the Indians there-
'abouts, and that for fevera Yearsthey wereoblig'd
to live obfcurely in the Mountains; as for himself
and Friends, they were obliged to accept of the Spa-
niard's Terms; but at the fame time, if he thought
that the Collony were fincere, and that their Nati-
on could protect him and his Kindred, he was rea-
dy to break with the Spaniard and join with them.
Few words more were made of it, the Council ac-
cepted of his profer, ,and promisedd great things e-
nough for the Nation, and the Secretary was or-
der'd immediately to make out a Commiflion for .
Andrea;s. It was made on Parchment with theCol-
lonies Seal and a fine Ribband affixt to it, the tenor
whereof run thus. Captain Andreas having defir'd
Protection from the Collony for himfelfand the o-
ther Indians under him, the Council does hereby
take him and them into their Proteftion, and ap-
points the forefaid Andreas to be one of their Scots
Colonies Captains, to command all the Indians that's
already in his Ground, and to fight against artd de-
ftroy the Enemies of the Collony of what Nation.
forever. This Commiflion was wrote in Englifb and
read to him by the 'few in Spanifh ; and for the
more folemnity of the thing, the Councilgave him
one of the Long-Boats Jacks to wear in his Canon, a
Fuzee, and a pair of Piftols, and a Basket-hilted
Sword, and fir'd 2 Guns at his Inauguration. In
the Evening Captain Andreas went ashore with his
Flagflying and the other enfigns of his Honour, ex-
cept the Commiffion, which l found the day follow-
ing cram'd into a Locker of the Round-houft where
empty Bottles lay. What the meaningof leaving
his Commillion behind him was I could not appre-

( 6o )
hend, but the next time he came aboard itwas gi-
ven him.
The Collony's Affair continued thustill Chrifmafs,
during which time the Neighbouring IndianCaptains
came to vifit us, to wit, Captain Poffigo, young Die-
go, another Pedro Antonio, and Nicola, who gene-
rally ufed to rail at one another behind their Backs,
but all agreed that Andreas was not to be trufted
notwithstanding his new .Commillion. Ambrojio
was with us during the Chrifmafs Holy-days, and
having met with Captain Andreas on Board the St.
Andrew (whom he always looked on as his mortal
Enemy) reproach'd him with his Villanyy by telling
him, that he was till a Spaniard altho' he took the
Collony's Commiflion : This occafion'd fome blows
between them, and both Parties were going to fall
on, if they had not been parted by our Seamen.
They were kept afunder till the Evening, and then
Mr. Pennycook persuading AmbroJio to be reconciled
to him (or at leaft, to appear fo) a Bowl was made
and theFriendfhip made up, they feem'd then to be
good Friends all that Night, till about the time that,
they were to go to fleep, poor Captaid Andrea~ ei-
ther fellor was tumbl'd down the main Hatch-way
into the Hold, where lighting on a fpare Anchor
that lay there, he was fo bruiz'd that he gave up the
ghoft foon afterwards. No body could tell how this
accident happened, only two things were remarkable
in it: That the Hatches of the Hold were always
lock'd down at Nights by reason the fharpnefs of
our Diet made fome Men watch all opportunities of
getting into the Hold where the Oatmeal and Beef
lay, but they were fairly open this Night. The o-
ther is, that there was no care taken while he was
aboard to bleed him, orgive him any thing inward-
ly to keep the Blood fluid and from fettling on the
bruiz'd parts, but laid him up till next Day his
Wife and Relations carry'd him a-fhore double,

Skips From


61 to


Captain or King Andreas having made
his Exit thus, his Brother-in-Law Cap-
tain Pedro, with the interest or advicedf
the Senate, was Seated on his Throne, and
he proved fo friendly to the Collonyj that
about 12 days after his Advancement a
Paity of Spaniards to the number of 26,
being fent to view the Scots, came ftieight
to Captain Pedro's or Andreas his Govern-
ment, defiring fome of his Men to Pilot
then to fome convenient place where they
might view the Scots Fortification and
Ships, thefe Indians engaged it, but advi-
fed them to lie clofs for a day or two, until
they view'd whether or no the Coaft was
clear and no Scots Parties abroad, So having
posted them on the fide of a fall River,
left them and informed the Collony of
what'they had done: On which Captain
Montgomery Detach'd a Party of a Ioo Men,
and went round in their Boats, carrying
thefe Indians along with them: as they
were rowing up this narrow River, the
In lians of a fudden gave the Hollow,that thd
Scots might know they were upon them,
but before they could fee any body by rea-
fon of the thicknefs of the Woods, the Spani.
yards pour'd in aVolley of fall Shot amongft
them, killed one Enfign Suinton, with two
more, and wounded -4, and then rur as
L fifth

( 146),
fafas they could, our Men Landed and
erfu'd them, but caught none of them,
Sawe this Domngo de la Rada, and two more
Common Soldiers, of whom the Proprie-
tors of the Flying-Poft have made fuch a
noife thefe,five or fix Months paft.
This is the ground of -the Companies
tite to the Ifthmusof Darien, and that was
the Bloody Fight wherein fo many hun-
dreds of Spaniards were killed and taken
Prifoners. Our Men being reduced to the
fore.mention'd ihort Allowance, and wrought
every day from Sun to Sun in felling of
Trees, and Fortifying themselves, and
feeing but little appearance of the Riches
they were told of, began to be very faint-
hearted. Several defeated from the Shore,
and fome of our belf Men from the Ships,
no body knew whether; and eight or nine
of thofe who were caught and brought back
again confefs'd that they were going in to the
Spaniardswhere they mightexpe& more Vi-
cuals and lefs Slavery than what they had
SNotwithftanding thefe general murmur-
ings, the Council could not augment the
Allowance, without running the hazard of
ftarving a Month or two fooner,for there's no
kind of Food to be had in that Mountainous
& Woody Country,favePlantains,Bonnano's

( 47' )
Potato's and Indian Corn, which are fo
fcarce by reason of the few Natives, that
our' Men fold their New Shirts to the In-
dians for 20 or 24 Plantains a -piece6
which would not ferve a Man above:three
or four days, and our Council were oblig'd
to give ftri& Orders that no Man should fell
his Cloaths, elfe I verily.believe our Meri
had been naked in two months after our
Landing. They were obliged to a certain
Animal calld a Sojour, which is a fmall
Land Crab, that is hous'd in a fell like
that of a Wilk ;' Thefe Sojours were very
plentiful at our firft Landing, but they
foon faiPd ; and then our Meneat the in-
ner rind of the bark'of great Tree, which
was not unpleafant to the taft, but it b&e
ing of no nourifhment, and thought to be
unwholefome,. they were discharged to eat
of it. I doubt not but there's plenty of
Fifh on.that Coaft, but our Company fur-
nifing us. only with a fall Net made
of Packthread for each Ship, they could
catch no more in a day than what ferv'd
.the Counfellors and Sea Captains ; and
thefe Nets foon failed too. We made a
fhift to make. a couple of Turtle Nets out
of the ftore of Lines or fmnall.Cord we had
aboard, but then. we. had not a Veffel that
was fit io go' A Turtling, till after fome
L 2 tme,

( 148 ')
time, two of the Yamaico Sloops who had
brought and fold their Cargo of Provifiols
to the Collony were hir'd by then to Tur-
tle for them; Thefe Sloops ftaid about a
mqnth in their Service, till they had got fo
many Turtle for them as by contra& came
to a ioo and odd Pounds, and finding
that there was neither Money nor Money's
worth to be had in the Collony, they broke
offwith them, and with much a do could
get fo much Money as to fatisfie them for
their Service. They had fome dependance
on the wreck ofa French Ship which wascaft
away coming out of the Harbour 'the day
before Chrijtmas, fle having near,4oo000 1
in Doubloons and Dollars on board, which
fhe had got by trading'onthe Spanifh Coaft,
but I am told by foie perfons who are
come home fine I came, that they could
pot recover any thing of it, by reafon of
the continual fell that beats on' that fhore.
Here (in Parenthefi)I was Shipw rack:d,.had
my Servant drow'd, and loft the few Goods
I had with Bag and Baggage, and if it ha4
not been for the little Money which I fa-
ved I had not found the way home as yet:
As for the Gold and Riches of that Coun-
try, I herd enough but faw little of it; I
prefume if there were fuch ftore, the Spa-
isrds would not have left it fo exposed.
S- .rThefe

( T49 )
Thefe .Kings or Captains who came down
to us might bring perhaps half an Ounce or
an Ounce at a time with them and fell it for
powder and Shot, and at firft for a fpeckled
Shirt, but there came fo little of this Com-
modity amongft us that itwould be long time
before a Man could load his Pocket with it,
much lefs a Dutch built Ship. What Gold
I purchased there it coft me 3 1. ios. per
ounce, and I believe I brought as much of
it away with me to England as moft of
thofe Counfellors who are come home fimce,
notwithstanding the noife which they made
of it. .
I left the Collony the 27th of December,
at the fame allowance as we were reduced
to in July, when we left Scotland; only there
was an allowance of Madera Wine after our
Landing, to wit, an Englifh Quart to a
Mefs ( being 5 Men) once a Week: Two
Quarts to each Captain once a Week, of
which thefe Gentlemen made only one
want, and the Night they got their Allow-
ance, they went as merry to Bed as if they
had been in their Winter Quarters at Ghent
or Bruffels, altho they were ablig'd to
drink fair Water for a Week afterwards :
As for the Subalterns, when I came off, they
were not allowed one Spoonful.

Thus you fee how a 1ojo Men were
fent by the Scotch Company on a blind
ProjeCt, of getting Riches for them with
five or fix months Allowance at molt, no
Credit, and a ridiculous Cargo, neglected
by them, and expos'd to Famine Death
and the Spanifh Mines. How the Compa.
ny will fhake this mifcariage from offthem-
felves I cannot fee: However, I will give
you a fample of what they will be ready to
offer in their own-vihdication.
FirJ/, Their being baulkt of their fo-
reign Subfcriptions made them lofe Time
and Money, whereby they could not fend
out fuch a number of Men and quantity of
Provifions as the Projeac would have requi-
red. But who is to blame for this, why
should they trufr to another Man's Purfe
till fuch time they arefure of it ?. Why did
they prodigally throw away oo0000. in
Holland and fHambrough (purely 'to make a
blufler there) when they could have
bought 3 Second-hand-Ships as fit for their
ProjeA, for the third of the Money? And
fince their designn was to fettle a Collony
and Forts on the North and South Seas,
why did not they apply themselves rightly
to it ? That which might have been honelt-
ly fav'd out of this 5oooo0000. might have-
carried over above 2 o00oMen with r2 months

Broviions of every Specie at good allow-
mnce. I have made this appear in Scotland
fome time ago, and fince to fome of the
greatest Men in the Company.
The second Reafon they will be apt to
offer is this, the Ships were Mann'd, the
Sea-men and Land-men Lifted and on board,
no Provisions to be had in Scotland, while
more were providing abroad, thefe aboard
till were expending; besides, there was no
Money in the Caih-room, nor any more to
be had from the 'Subicribers, till once the
Ships were failed, many being fo fick of
the Proje&, that they doubted whether they
should ever pafs the Bafs. If this should be
allowed to pafs for Current it may reafona-
bly be ask'd whether five or fix Months
Provifions should have lasted to this time.
If ever they expeaEed to hear any more of
their Ships, ought they not to have called in
more Money on our departure, and provi-
ded Provifions inftantly, and had Ships with
us by Chriaromas, or January at fartheft;
whereas none failed from Leith till .,l.
which was near two Months after' they re-
ceiv'd the Collonies Packet. Ifthey pre-
tended to be ignorant of our neceflity before
this Packet came, they bad no excufe after-
wards, they knew our want, aslikewife
that they had not lent a Groats-worth of

Credit with is to any part of the World,
altho now when its too late, they have
made a faflion of doing it in. New-
The third Reaf6n they will make great
ufe of is this, that at the -fetling of Barba-
does, and several other Weft-india Iflands, as
likewise the American settlements on the
Main, the People met with a great many
hardfhips, and the like are to be expeied
at the beginning of all fuch Settlements. To
this I answer, that at fuch Settlements the
Undertakers and Planters know what they.
are going about, and what to trufitto, which
is no ways parallel with the Cafe of the
Company, for thofe "being on an honest
design had no more in'their view than the
Bleffings of Heaven, and the Produ't of the
Earth, and what they reap'd thereby was
for their own ufe; On the other hand the
Gentlemen who went in the Scotch Compa-
nies Service,were not born to Work, nor did
they design it when they went from their
Fathers Houfes, and this the Company knew
full as well as they.
A fourth reafoa they will offer is this,
that they feit a Cargo with us, which
might have purcha s'd Provifions had it not
been for the Englif) prohibition. To this
I answer, ,that the Company having fent

( 5? )
us ori o dark an Errand, (where they
inuft needs be affur'd, that not only Spaix;
but the other Trading Nations would be
in our top) should not have truffed to that,
unlefs they contrived it defignedly to pick
a quarrel with thofe Nations whofe inte-
reff it was to refufe us Provifions or Ne-
ceffaries to support our Collony. As for
the Cargo it felf, I refer my felf to the
particulars, and let any Merchant be Judge,
whether it was fitted for fale, especially in
the Wefl-Indies. The 500o Fuzzes were
the beft of the Cargo, but they could not
be parted with ; the Linnen was the next;
but I have been affur'd by Merchants on
Port-royal, that 5co 1. worth of Sctch cloath
makes the Commodity a drug there at a2
ny time. Besides, altho' we had not beeri
fent on a dark design, yet we cou'd not ex,
pea to Trade with Jamaico; our Cloathand
other Goods are feizable there, either in our
Bottoms, or in their Sloops.' If the Jamaico
Men should truck Provifions with us, they
cannot carry our goods home with them,
neither can they expe& to Trade with the
Spaniard, on the account of our Settlement.
I know very well that the firft Sloop which
brought Provifions to us, fold them 'at what
rate they pleased, and had our Scotch ClOath
io truck at the prime coft, yet they dur.f
M not

( 54 )
not carry it to Jamaico, nor venture to
Trade with the tSpaniard, but were oblig 'd
to leave it behind with Captain .Allifrn,
the old Buccaneer, to whom the Sloop was
confign'd. Lut fill this reason of the prohi-
bition will not hold Water, for if there had
been Money or market Goods inthe Collony.
The Eng.. ,' prohibition could pot have kept
Provifions from us The French and Dutch I-
flands were not confined by this Prohibi-
tion; and I dare fay there are fo many good
Chriftians at Currajfa, that if Redp. and
B's ftory of the Collonies bars of Silver had
been true, they would foon have made Pro-
vifions a drug in Caledonia.
Befides, I can't think that the Prohibi-
tion had any influence on thofe four Sloops
who went fromJamaico to the Collony laden
with Provifions of all kinds, altho' two of
them returned without breaking bulk, I am
rather apt to believe it was for want of thofe
Silver bars and gold duft, which in the Au-
tum fakes off the Trees there.
As t0 the prohibition it felf, whereon tue
Author of the defense fumbles fo oft, and
would gladly found the Bafis of his quar-
ral. 'Tis believed that his Majefly knew
nothing of the Collonies Settlement at Da-
rien, but what he had at second hand from
R--- t's Prints, till the Sparnib Ambaffa-

( I55 )
dor told hi't -from his Mafter, that fome
of his Majefty's Scotch Subjects had invaded.
the Spanihb.Dominions, in his Province of
Darien, which he look'd upon to be con-
trary to the Treaty of Peace. If his Maje-
fly ftopt the Spaniards mouth for the present,
till he'inquired into the matter, and forbid
his Englihb Subje&s in the Weft-Inde:s to
have any Communication with thefe Peo-
ple in Darien, till fuch time as the Tide
were concerted, he did no more chanwhat
was confonant with the Confhitutions and
Effabhfhment of the Englifh Iflands, a!tho'
there had been no Spani[h Complaint. Nei-
ther could the King imagine that the Com-
pany IhoUld fend out their Ships on foFo-
reign an Expedition, fo unprovided as to
depend wholly on the Engliji Plantations.
And if the King forbid thefe to supply
the Scotch Collony, he did not prohibit the
Scotch Company, nor Scoch Nation to fend
them what Provifions, or other neceffaries
they thought iht. If the ScoIch Company
took moft care to fend out Buccaneers
Pieces, with great quantities of Powder and
Shot, and trusted to what Men they could
decoy from the Engl:fh and' French lands,
the defign was neither fair, nor honest, and
it may reasonably be believed, that both
thefe Nations would have taken measures
M 2 to

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